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“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
Near Farmville in Cumberland County, Virginia — The American South (Mid-Atlantic)
 

Cumberland Church

Union Closes In

 

—Lee’s Retreat —

 
Cumberland Church Marker on Lee's Retreat Photo, Click for full size
By Bill Coughlin, April 26, 2007
1. Cumberland Church Marker on Lee's Retreat
Inscription. Here at Cumberland Church, in the afternoon of April 7, 1865, part of the Army of Northern Virginia entrenched to protect the route west to Appomattox Station, where supplies awaited the men. The Confederate line, across the road behind you, stretched a third of a mile to the north, where it then curled around to the west. After repulsing several Union assaults, the Confederates also turned back an attack on their left flank, where Gen. William Mahone held the line. The Federals dug in as evening fell. Under cover of darkness, the Confederate army slipped away but had lost valuable time as the Union army closed in.

It was here that evening, Gen. Robert E. Lee declined a request for surrender sent to him by Gen. Ulysses S. Grant. From Cumberland Church, Lee could see the Blue Ridge Mountains; he still hoped to move west and then escape to North Carolina.
 
Erected by Virginia Civil War Trails.
 
Location. 37° 20.738′ N, 78° 23.127′ W. Marker is near Farmville, Virginia, in Cumberland County. Marker is on Cumberland Road (Virginia Route 45), on the left when traveling north. Click for map. Marker is in this post office area: Farmville VA 23901, United States of America.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within 3 miles of this marker
Cumberland Church Markers Photo, Click for full size
By Craig Swain, April 18, 2010
2. Cumberland Church Markers
, measured as the crow flies. A different marker also named Cumberland Church (here, next to this marker); Engagement at Cumberland Presbyterian Church (within shouting distance of this marker); James F. Lipscomb (approx. one mile away); Needham Law School (approx. 1.6 miles away); Bizarre (approx. 2.6 miles away); Cumberland County / Prince Edward County (approx. 2.6 miles away); Farmville (approx. 2.8 miles away); a different marker also named Farmville (approx. 2.8 miles away). Click for a list of all markers in Farmville.
 
More about this marker. The top of the marker features a portrait of Gen. William Mahone, and three battle maps showing troop positions at 1:00 P.M., 4:15 P.M. and Evening.
 
Also see . . .
1. Cumberland Church. CWSAC Battle Summaries. (Submitted on September 27, 2008, by Bill Coughlin of North Arlington, New Jersey.) 

2. Lee's Retreat to Appomattox. Virginia Civil War Trails. (Submitted on September 27, 2008, by Bill Coughlin of North Arlington, New Jersey.) 

3. Lee's Retreat. Virginia's Retreat guide. (Submitted on September 27, 2008, by Bill Coughlin of North Arlington, New Jersey.) 
 
Categories. Churches, Etc.War, US Civil
 
Cumberland Church Photo, Click for full size
By Bill Coughlin, April 26, 2007
3. Cumberland Church
On April 7, 1865, Union troops encountered Confederates entrenched around this church. Despite several attacks the Confederate line held.
Cumberland Church Battle Map - 1:00 P.M. Photo, Click for full size
By Bill Coughlin, April 26, 2007
4. Cumberland Church Battle Map - 1:00 P.M.
Cumberland Church Battle Map - 4:15 P.M. Photo, Click for full size
By Bill Coughlin, April 26, 2007
5. Cumberland Church Battle Map - 4:15 P.M.
Cumberland Church Battle Map - Evening Photo, Click for full size
By Bill Coughlin, April 26, 2007
6. Cumberland Church Battle Map - Evening
 

 
Credits. This page originally submitted on September 27, 2008, by Bill Coughlin of North Arlington, New Jersey. This page has been viewed 1,289 times since then. Photos:   1. submitted on September 27, 2008, by Bill Coughlin of North Arlington, New Jersey.   2. submitted on April 29, 2010, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia.   3, 4, 5, 6. submitted on September 27, 2008, by Bill Coughlin of North Arlington, New Jersey.
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