Walloomsac in Rensselaer County, New York — The American Northeast (Mid-Atlantic)
General Stark's Victory
—August 16, 1777 —
Erected 1929 by New York State.
Marker series. This marker is included in the National Historic Landmarks marker series.
Location. 42° 56.032′ N, 73° 18.287′ W. Marker is in Walloomsac, New York, in Rensselaer County. Marker is on New York State Route 67, on the right when traveling west. Click for map. Marker is beside the entrance to the Bennington Battlefield State Historic Site. Marker is in this post office area: Hoosick Falls NY 12090, United States of America.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Battle of Bennington (a few steps from this marker); Battle of Bennington First Engagement (a few steps from this marker); Hoosick World War II Memorial (a few steps from this marker); Patriots of Vermont (approx. 0.3 miles away); New Hampshire Troops (approx. 0.3 miles away); Massachusetts Volunteers at Bennington (approx. 0.3 miles away); “Had day lasted an hour longer . . .” (approx. 0.3 miles away); “the first link in the chain of successes which issued in the surrender at Saratoga ...” (approx. 0.3 miles away). Click for a list of all markers in Walloomsac.
More about this marker. Bennington Battlefield State Historic Site received National Historic Landmark designation on January 20, 1961. Additionally, the site was placed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1966.
Regarding Bennington Battlefield. The Battle of Bennington was a battle of the American Revolutionary War, taking place on August 16, 1777, in Walloomsac, New York, about 10 miles away from its namesake Bennington, Vermont.
In 1777 the over-all British strategy had two major objectives: (1) to split New England from the rest of the American states by a drive from Canada down the Hudson to Albany that would link up with another British force advancing north from New York City; and (2) to seize Philadelphia, seat of the Revolutionary government. The campaign in upper New York began in June 1777 with a two-pronged British drive from Canada
The main British expedition from Canada was led by General John Burgoyne. The goal was to seize the Lake Champlain and Hudson River corridor, effectively isolating New England from the rest of the American colonies. Burgoyne's invasion had two components: he would lead about 10,000 men along Lake Champlain towards Albany, New York, while a second column of about 2,000 men, led by Barry St. Leger, would move down the Mohawk River valley and link up with Burgoyne in Albany, New York. Burgoyne had already taken Fort Ticonderoga and advanced southward, though delayed by American rearguard actions at Hubbardton.
185 miles from his Canadian base camp, Burgoyne camped near Fort
The foraging unit, led by Lieutenant-Colonel Friedrich Baum of the Brunswick dragoons, set out from camp for Bennington on August 11, inspired by Burgoyne's optimism. The heavily laden German troops, slow moving under optimum conditions, plodded on towards Bennington. Alarmed at the pace and probable success of Burgoyne’s advancing army the newly formed Republic of Vermont appealed to neighboring New Hampshire for assistance against the British. The Colonial forces had chosen as their leader retired Continental Army Colonel John Stark, who had fought at Bunker Hill and under George Washington at Trenton and Princeton. Given the rank of Brigadier General, Stark accepted the challenge under the independent authority granted by New Hampshire rather than under Continental
Apprised of the enemy raid, Stark decided to head them off rather than defend the supply depot at the Bennington site. Therefore, it was approximately five miles northwest of Bennington, near Walloomsac Heights, in New York State, that the battle actually took place. On August 14th, Baum sighted Stark’s forces at San Coick Mill and pursued them to within four miles of Bennington. Thereafter, Baum took up position on a small hill overlooking the Walloomsac River and dispersed his troops to hold the bridge which carried the road across the river to Bennington. Baum was outnumbered two to one but expected reinforcements led by Breymann to arrive. He was still contemptuous of the American troops, thinking that they would retreat before him. Rain staved off the battle, demoralizing and discomforting the troops on both sides, and slowing the arrival of Baum's reinforcements. Although the odds where in the colonial's favor the rain prevented them from taking advantage of the situation. By Noon on the 16th the weather cleared and Stark set his plans in motion.
After assessing the British positions Stark sent detachments under Colonel Moses Nichols to circle Baum’s left, under
The colonial troops
Also see . . .
1. Bennington Battlefield State Historic Site.
2. The Battle of Bennington: An American Victory.
Additional keywords. Bennington Battlefield Walloomsac John Stark Seth Warner John Burgoyne Baum Herrick Washington New Hampshire Vermont Massachusetts Hubbardton 1777 militia
Categories. • Colonial Era • Heroes • Landmarks • Military • Notable Events • Notable Persons • Notable Places • Patriots & Patriotism • War, US Revolutionary •
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