Cumberland in Allegany County, Maryland — The American Northeast (Mid-Atlantic)
Cumberland soon became the administrative center for the defense of the western section of the railroad, the canal, and northern West Virginia. About 3,000 Union soldiers usually were stationed here, although the number increased periodically to as many as 8,000. Cumberland also served as a hospital and supply base, and when the war ended, it became a demobilization center. Military administrators occupied many buildings here during the war, while encampments sprang up on the outskirts of town and troops constructed fortifications on the surrounding hills to control approaches.
Confederate cavalry raiders frequently threatened to destroy area railroad facilities and bridges. The long-distance raids came from the east along the railroad or passed through West Virginia from the south, usually targeting less well-defended parts of the line. These hit-and-run raids created turmoil throughout the war. The Confederates attacked
Erected by Maryland Civil War Trails.
Marker series. This marker is included in the Chesapeake and Ohio Canal, and the Maryland Civil War Trails marker series.
Location. 39° 38.978′ N, 78° 44.992′ W. Marker is in Cumberland, Maryland, in Allegany County. Marker can be reached from Fort Avenue. Click for map. This marker is located on the grounds of the City of Cumberland's Constitution Park. Marker is in this post office area: Cumberland MD 21502, United States of America.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. McNeillís Raid (approx. half a mile away); Capture of Generals (approx. half a mile away); A Boom for Cumberland (approx. half a mile away); Capture of Generals B.F. Kelly and George Crook (approx. 0.6 miles away); Christ's (St. Paul's) Lutheran Church (approx. 0.6 miles away); The First National Bank and Trust Company of Western Maryland (approx. 0.6 miles away); Military Hospital (approx. 0.7 miles away); Cumberland Terminus: Yesterday and Today (approx. 0.7 miles away). Click for a list of all markers in Cumberland.
More about this marker. On the left of the marker is sketch captioned, Harper's Weekly 1866 image of Cumberland. On the upper right of the marker is a portrait captioned, Brig. Gen. Benjamin F. Kelley was a operational commander of the western B&O defenses throughout the war.
Also see . . .
1. Cumberland, Maryland. National Park Service's National Register of Historic Places
2. McNeil's Raid. Richmond Times-Dispatch - January 6 , 1935
Categories. • War, US Civil •
Credits. This page originally submitted on . This page has been viewed 1,286 times since then. Photos: 1, 2, 3, 4. submitted on . • Craig Swain was the editor who published this page.