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Dover in Loudoun County, Virginia — The American South (Mid-Atlantic)
Cavalry Battles
 
Cavalry Battles Marker Photo, Click for full size
By Craig Swain, June 22, 2007
1. Cavalry Battles Marker
 
Inscription. In June 1863, Gen. Robert E. Lee led the Army of Northern Virginia through gaps in the nearby Blue Ridge Mountains and into the Shenandoah Valley to invade the North. Maj. Gen. J.E.B. Stuartís cavalry corps screened the army from Federal observation. The Union cavalry commander, Brig. Gen. Alfred Pleasonton attempted to break through Stuartís screen, and fought three sharp engagements along this road. They included the Battles of Aldie (17 June), Middleburg (19 June), and Upperville (21 June). Stuart fell back westward under Pleasontonís pressure but kept the Federal cavalry east of the gaps.
 
Erected by Department of Historic Resources. (Marker Number B 22.)
 
Location. 38° 58.522′ N, 77° 40.032′ W. Marker is in Dover, Virginia, in Loudoun County. Marker is at the intersection of John Mosby Highway (U.S. 50) and Champe Ford Road (County Route 632), on the right when traveling east on John Mosby Highway. Click for map. Marker is in this post office area: Middleburg VA 20117, United States of America.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within 2 miles of this marker, measured as the crow flies. A Revolutionary War Hero (here, next to this marker); Gettysburg Campaign (here, next to this marker); Stuart and Bayard (here, next to this marker); Sergeant Major John Champe (about 500 feet away, measured in a direct line); Snickersville Turnpike (approx. one mile away); Battle of Aldie (approx. 1.2 miles away); America's Oldest Agriculture College (approx. 1.2 miles away); Mercerís Home (approx. 1.3 miles away). Click for a list of all markers in Dover.
 
Four Markers at Dover, VA Photo, Click for full size
By Craig Swain, June 22, 2007
2. Four Markers at Dover, VA
 

 
More about this marker. A marker with this same number but titled “Military Movements” was erected in the late 1920s or early 1930s on U.S. 50 in Middleburg. It was listed as lost in Margaret Petersí 1985 edition of A Guidebook to Virginiaís Historical Markers. The text read “This road was used by both armies, 1861–1864. Cavalry engagements took place near Middleburg on March 28. 1862, and June 19, 1863.
 
Related markers. Click here for a list of markers that are related to this marker. Loudoun Valley Cavalry Battles by Markers
 
Also see . . .
1. Aldie, Middleburg, and Upperville Battles. Very detailed discussion of the battles is maintained by Citizens Committee for the Historic Cavalry Battles. (Submitted on June 28, 2007, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia.) 

2. War Horse at National Sporting Library. (Submitted on June 30, 2007, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia.)
 
Typical Section of the Battle Area Photo, Click for full size
By Craig Swain, June 22, 2007
3. Typical Section of the Battle Area
The area around Aldie, Middleburg, and Upperville is pasture lands with rolling hills and stone walls. The terrain is well suited to cavalry operations. In the vicinity of this particular location, Brig. Gen. John Buford's command conducted a flanking maneuver North of Middleburg, scattered Confederate picketed troops.
 
 
Horse Memorial Photo, Click for full size
By Craig Swain, June 29, 2007
4. Horse Memorial
Behind the National Sporting Library in Middleburg, this memorial recognizes the equine participation in the American Civil War. The inscription reads, "In Memory of the one and one half million horses and mules of the Confederate and Union armies who were killed, were wounded, or died from disease in the Civil War many perished within twenty miles of Middleburg in the battles of Aldie, Middleburg, and Upperville in June of 1863."
 
Credits. This page originally submitted on June 28, 2007, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia. This page has been viewed 1,528 times since then. Photos:   1, 2, 3. submitted on June 28, 2007, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia.   4. submitted on June 30, 2007, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia. • J. J. Prats was the editor who published this page.
 
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