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Detroit in Wayne County, Michigan — The American Midwest (Great Lakes)
Fort Pontchartrain
Michigan Registered Historic Site
 
Fort Pontchartrain Marker Photo, Click for full size
By Dale K. Benington, August 13, 2009
1. Fort Pontchartrain Marker
 
Inscription. The first permanent French settlement in the Detroit region was built on this site in 1701. The location was recommended by Antoine de la Mothe Cadillac, who wished to move the fur trade center south from Michilimackinac. Cadillac's plan was approved by Count Jerome de Pontchartrain, Minister of Marine, for whom the fort was named. The term le detroit (the strait) was applied to the fort and surrounding area; after 1751 the post was known as Fort Detroit. In 1760, as a result of the French and Indian War, the British gained control of Detroit and other posts in the Great Lakes region. British troops enlarged Fort Detroit, but during the American Revolution they moved to nearby Fort Lernoult, built in 1778-79. The Americans occupied Fort Lernoult in 1796 and renamed it Fort Shelby.
 
Erected 1967 by Michigan Historical Commission. (Marker Number 27.)
 
Marker series. This marker is included in the Michigan Historical Commission marker series.
 
Location. 42° 19.647′ N, 83° 2.875′ W. Marker is in Detroit, Michigan, in Wayne County. Marker is at the intersection of Washington Blvd. and Jefferson Ave., on the right when traveling east on Washington Blvd.. Click for map. Marker is in this post office area: Detroit MI 48226, United States of America.
 
Other nearby markers.
 
Fort Pontchartrain Marker Photo, Click for full size
By Dale K. Benington, August 13, 2009
2. Fort Pontchartrain Marker
View of historical marker affixed to outside wall, under the covered front entrance, car drop-off area, of the Pontchartrain Hotel.
 
At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Veterans' Memorial Building (about 600 feet away, measured in a direct line); State Savings Bank (about 700 feet away); Fort Lernoult (approx. 0.2 miles away); Ford Motor Company (approx. 0.2 miles away); Detroit River Heritage (approx. 0.2 miles away); Spirit of Detroit (approx. 0.2 miles away); The Gateway to Freedom (approx. 0.2 miles away); The Landing of Cadillac / Le débarquement de Cadillac (approx. 0.2 miles away). Click for a list of all markers in Detroit.
 
Also see . . .  Fort Ponchartrain du Detroit - French Rule - 1701-1760. This link is part of a site entitled "History Detroit, 1701-2001." (Submitted on August 22, 2009, by Dale K. Benington of Toledo, Ohio.) 
 
Additional comments.
1. Fort Pontchartrain plaque
This marker has been relocated to the southwest corner of the Crown Plaza Hotel, at Jefferson Ave. and Washington Blvd. It is no longer in the garage area. It faces toward the Detroit River.
    — Submitted January 1, 2015.
 
Fort Pontchartrain Marker Photo, Click for full size
By Dale K. Benington, August 13, 2009
3. Fort Pontchartrain Marker
View of the historical marker at the front entrance of the Pontchartrain Hotel, in downtown Detroit.
 
 
Fort Pontchartrain Marker Photo, Click for full size
By Dale K. Benington, August 13, 2009
4. Fort Pontchartrain Marker
View of the front of the Pontchartrain Hotel and the covered car drop-off area where historical marker is located, as seen from across Larned Street.
 
Credits. This page originally submitted on August 22, 2009, by Dale K. Benington of Toledo, Ohio. This page has been viewed 3,082 times since then. Photos:   1, 2, 3, 4. submitted on August 22, 2009, by Dale K. Benington of Toledo, Ohio. • Kevin W. was the editor who published this page.
 
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