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Leesburg in Loudoun County, Virginia — The American South (Mid-Atlantic)
 

18th Mississippi Infantry

 
 
18th Mississippi Infantry Marker image. Click for full size.
By Craig Swain, September 1, 2007
1. 18th Mississippi Infantry Marker
Inscription. The 18th Mississippi Infantry was sent from nearby Edward's Ferry and arrived near here around 3:00 p.m. Colonel Erasmus Burt ordered his men forward across the then open field unknowingly into a deadly crossfire between the two winds of the Union formation. This was the single major tactical error made by the Confederates during the battle. About half of the 18th Mississippiís 85 casualties that day came during this brief encounter. Among the wounded was Colonel Burt who was shot through the hip and taken to Leesburg where he died on Octorber 26.

Lt. Col. Thomas Griffin assumed command, ordered the regiment to fall back, and split it into two battalions. Seven companies worked their way around to the right into the ravine at the bottom of this ridge. The men moved along the ravine and made a series of assaults on the Federal left flank during the course of the afternoon. Each of these assaults was repulsed by the Union troops, though the 18th participated in the final successful assault with its sister regiment, the 17th, just before dark.
 
Erected by Ballís Bluff Regional Park/Northern Virginia Regional Park Authority.
 
Location. 39° 7.833′ N, 77° 31.671′ W. Marker is in Leesburg, Virginia, in Loudoun
The Old 18th Mississippi Infantry Marker image. Click for full size.
By Craig Swain, July 30, 2007
2. The Old 18th Mississippi Infantry Marker
This marker was replaced in August 2007. It read:
The 18th Mississippi Infantry was sent from nearby Edward's Ferry and arrived at the battlefield at two-thirty [p.m.]. Lieutenant Colonel Thomas Griffin of the 18th Mississippi described the situation: "Taking a position on the right of the 8th Virginia Regiment, the line of battle was formed...Colonel Burt fell mortally wounded while gallantly leading the regiment...The line was advanced to within a short distance of their guns, when several heavy volleys were fired, forcing them to fall back into the ravine for shelter. At three-thirty [p.m.], Colonel Featherston, with the 17th [Mississippi] Regiment, arrived on the ground...the two regiments formed in line of battle and charged the enemy until they were driven into the Patomac or captured."
Source: The Official Records of the Civil War
County. Marker can be reached from Ballís Bluff Road, on the right when traveling east. Click for map. Located at trail stop 9, inside Ballís Bluff Regional Park. Marker is in this post office area: Leesburg VA 20175, United States of America.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. 42nd New York Infantry (within shouting distance of this marker); 17th Mississippi Infantry (about 400 feet away, measured in a direct line); 1st California Regiment (about 400 feet away); Edward D. Baker (about 500 feet away); Ballís Bluff National Cemetery (about 500 feet away); Ballís Bluff Battlefield and National Cemetery (about 500 feet away); Clinton Hatcher (about 500 feet away); Battle of Ballís Bluff, October 21, 1861 (about 500 feet away). Click for a list of all markers in Leesburg.
 
Regarding 18th Mississippi Infantry. This marker is one of a set along the Balls Bluff Battlefield walking trail. See the Balls Bluff Virtual Tour by Markers link below for details on each stop.
 
Also see . . .
1. Brief Summary of the Battle of Ball's Bluff. (Submitted on August 31, 2007, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia.)
2. Staff Ride Guide for the Battle of Balls Bluff. (Submitted on August 31, 2007, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia.)
3. 18th Mississippi Infantry Regimental History. (Submitted on August 31, 2007, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia.)
The Marker at the 18th Mississippi Position image. Click for full size.
By Craig Swain, July 30, 2007
3. The Marker at the 18th Mississippi Position
The marker was moved approximately 200 yards to the northeast in August 2007 to conform with updated research regarding the battle.

4. Balls Bluff Battlefield Virtual Tour by Marker. Over twenty markers detail the action at Balls Bluff and related sites. Please use the Click to map all markers shown on this page option at the bottom of the page to view a map of the marker locations. The hybrid view offers an excellent overlook of the park. (Submitted on November 11, 2007, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia.) 
 
Categories. War, US Civil
 
 
Credits. This page originally submitted on , by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia. This page has been viewed 1,668 times since then and 30 times this year. Photos:   1. submitted on , by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia.   2, 3. submitted on , by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia. • J. J. Prats was the editor who published this page. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016.
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