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Ellicott City in Howard County, Maryland — The American Northeast (Mid-Atlantic)
B&O Railroad Station
Keep Supplies Moving
 
B&O Railroad Station Marker Photo, Click for full size
By Tom Fuchs, February 25, 2006
1. B&O Railroad Station Marker
 
Inscription. One of the first railroads in the country, constructed in 1830 of wooden rails that carried horse-drawn cars, extended from Baltimore to Ellicott's Mills. This station was built the next year, and soon steel rails replaced wooden ones as the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad was constructed. The line became strategically important to the Union war effort in 1861, and the local Patapsco Guard were among the Federal troops that guarded the road. Supplies en route to the armies passed the station day and night. After the battles of Antietam and Gettysburg, prisoners were held here pending parole or transfer to prison camps. The war's human toll was vividly evident here after the Union defeat at the Monocacy River near Frederick, Maryland, as thousands of Federal Soldiers, casualties, and prisoners flowed through town both on foot and by train as they retreated to Baltimore.

Patapsco Guard. Local businessman Thomas McGowan began recruiting for the company named the Patapsco Guard in September 1861; he became its captain. The Guard assumed provost marshal duties in Ellicott's Mills until May 1862. They briefly served with the 3rd Maryland Infantry and marched to Harpers Ferry where they skirmished with Confederate troops. On June 2, the Patapsco Guard refused to enter Virginia on the grounds that they were a home guard raised to
 
Ellicott Mills B&O Railroad Station Trackside Photo, Click for full size
By Tom Fuchs, February 25, 2006
2. Ellicott Mills B&O Railroad Station Trackside
The tracks are heading towards Point of Rocks and points west. The Patapsco river is down a steep embankment on the right.
 
defend Maryland, not invade the South. Several men were dishonorably discharged for desertion. In 1863, the Guard fought a small engagement at Wrightsville, Pennsylvania, and then reported to Gettysburg after the battle to assist in guarding hospitals on the battlefield. In August 1865, they were mustered out of service.
 
Marker series. This marker is included in the Maryland Civil War Trails, and the National Historic Landmarks marker series.
 
Location. 39° 16.068′ N, 76° 47.706′ W. Marker is in Ellicott City, Maryland, in Howard County. Marker is at the intersection of Main Street (Maryland Route 144) and Maryland Avenue, on the right when traveling east on Main Street. Click for map. Marker is at the B&O train station, now the B&O Ellicott City Railroad Station Museum. Marker is at or near this postal address: 2711 Maryland Ave, Ellicott City MD 21043, United States of America.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Road Versus Rails (a few steps from this marker); The Phoenix Emporium (within shouting distance of this marker); Ellicott’s Mills (about 400 feet away, measured in a direct line); Oella (about 400 feet away); Mount Ida (about 600 feet away); The George Ellicott House (about 600 feet away); Patapsco Female Institute (approx. 0.2 miles away); a different marker also named The Patapsco Female Institute (approx. 0.2 miles away). Click for a list of all markers in Ellicott City.
 
Ellicott Mills B&O Railroad Station Trackside Photo, Click for full size
By Tom Fuchs, February 25, 2006
3. Ellicott Mills B&O Railroad Station Trackside
In this photo the tracks are heading towards Baltimore. Passenger service to Ellicott City ended in the mid-1950's. The building is now a museum.
 

 
More about this marker. One of a series of Maryland Civil War Trails markers.
 
Also see . . .
1. America's First Steam Locomotive, 1830. The "Tom Thumb" first ran between Baltimore and Ellicott Mills. (Submitted on March 17, 2006.) 

2. Photo Tour of Ellicott City on the B&O Old Main Line. From the Trainweb site. (Submitted on March 17, 2006, by Tom Fuchs of Greenbelt, Maryland.) 

3. Impossible Challenge: The Baltimore and Ohio Railroad in Maryland. (Submitted on May 5, 2008, by Tom Fuchs of Greenbelt, Maryland.)
4. Impossible Challenge II: Baltimore to Washington and Harpers Ferry From 1828 to 1994. (Submitted on May 5, 2008, by Tom Fuchs of Greenbelt, Maryland.)
 
Ellicott Mills B&O Railroad Station Photo, Click for full size
By Tom Fuchs, February 25, 2006
4. Ellicott Mills B&O Railroad Station
Streetside. Maryland Avenue is in the foreground. Marker is next to the tree, facing Main Street.
 
 
B&O Freight Office Building Photo, Click for full size
By Tom Fuchs, February 25, 2006
5. B&O Freight Office Building
This is on Maryland Avenue. The intersection with Main Street and the station itself can be seen in the distance.
 
 
B&O Freight Office, Trackside Photo, Click for full size
By Tom Fuchs, February 25, 2006
6. B&O Freight Office, Trackside
 
 
A Coal Train Passes the B&O Freight Office Photo, Click for full size
By Tom Fuchs, February 25, 2006
7. A Coal Train Passes the B&O Freight Office
 
 
The B&O Birdhouse Photo, Click for full size
By Tom Fuchs, February 25, 2006
8. The B&O Birdhouse
 
 
Ellicott City Station is a Landmark Photo, Click for full size
By Tom Fuchs, January 13, 2007
9. Ellicott City Station is a Landmark
Ellicott City Station has been designated a Registered National Historic Landmark under the provisions of the Historic Sites Act of August 21, 1935. This site possesses exceptional value in commemorating or illustrating the history of the United States. U.S. Department of the Interior, National Park Service. 1968.
 
 
Office Photo, Click for full size
By Michael Stroud, circa March 2005
10. Office
 
 
CSX Freight Train at Ellicott City Photo, Click for full size
By Tom Fuchs, June 25, 2009
11. CSX Freight Train at Ellicott City
Train is heading east toward Baltimore
 
 
B&O Railroad Station Museum Living Historians Photo, Click for full size
By Mike Radinsky, March 7, 2010
12. B&O Railroad Station Museum Living Historians
Living Historian dressed in period clothing help interpret and educate the public about the history of Ellicott's Mills, its involvement in the Civil War, and the role the town played in America's evolution from roads to rails.
 
Credits. This page originally submitted on March 17, 2006, by Tom Fuchs of Greenbelt, Maryland. This page has been viewed 2,763 times since then. Last updated on April 21, 2010, by Mike Radinsky of Ellicott City, Maryland. Photos:   1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8. submitted on March 17, 2006, by Tom Fuchs of Greenbelt, Maryland.   9. submitted on February 6, 2007, by Tom Fuchs of Greenbelt, Maryland.   10. submitted on December 20, 2007, by Mike Stroud of Bluffton, South Carolina.   11. submitted on July 6, 2009, by Tom Fuchs of Greenbelt, Maryland.   12. submitted on April 21, 2010, by Mike Radinsky of Ellicott City, Maryland. • Kevin W. was the editor who published this page.
 
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