Near Frederick in Frederick County, Maryland — The American Northeast (Mid-Atlantic)
History of the Monocacy River Valley
When European settlers first came to Maryland, they encountered Native Americans who depended upon farming and who had established villages, being less reliant on hunting and gathering. River valleys such as the Monocacy provided desirable settlement areas, and by the time of permanent European settlement, the Native Americans had been forced to move west.
The German and British settlers brought with them distinctive building styles. The German tradition of stone and timber construction can still be seen in the Monocacy Valley with fine examples such as Scheifferstadt (built ca. 1736) in Frederick. British settlers utilized more brick than stone in construction.
The Monocacy River Valley was opened for settlement in 1730, when Frederick Calvert, sixth Lord Baltimore, offered free land in the area to attract settlers. People of German descent came from Pennsylvania, following the Monocacy River Valley south. English and Scotch-Irish settlers came from Southern Maryland and present day Montgomery County.
Location. 39° 20.972′ N, 77° 23.39′ Click for map. Located at a rest stop/scenic overlook loop reached from west bound I-270. Marker is in this post office area: Frederick MD 21704, United States of America.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. The Battle That Saved Washington (here, next to this marker); Clustered Spires of Frederick (here, next to this marker); Gordonís Decisive Attack (approx. 0.4 miles away but has been reported missing); Final Attack (approx. half a mile away); Civilians Under Siege (approx. half a mile away); Thick of the Battle (approx. half a mile away but has been reported missing); Thomas Farm (approx. half a mile away); Federal Retreat (approx. half a mile away). Click for a list of all markers in Frederick.
More about this marker. On the left the marker displays a drawing of a "Native American palisaded village, circa 1585." Next to it is a drawing of various prehistoric spear points. A map on the upper right shows the settlement patterns of the valley. On the lower right is a photograph of Scheifferstadt.
Also see . . . Settlement of the Catoctins. Forming the western edge of the Monocacy Valley, the Catoctins were settled by the same migration patterns.
Categories. • Native Americans • Settlements & Settlers •
Credits. This page originally submitted on November 4, 2007, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia. This page has been viewed 1,767 times since then. Photos: 1. submitted on September 22, 2010, by John Miller of Rising Sun, Maryland. 2, 3. submitted on November 4, 2007, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia. 4, 5. submitted on May 28, 2013, by Allen C. Browne of Silver Spring, Maryland. 6. submitted on November 4, 2007, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia.