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Near Richmond in Henrico County, Virginia — The American South (Mid-Atlantic)
Chickahominy Bluff
1862 Seven Days' Battles
 
Chickahominy Bluff Marker Photo, Click for full size
By Bernard Fisher, August 20, 2010
1. Chickahominy Bluff Marker
 
Inscription. (left panel)
Visiting Richmond National Battlefield Park

The concentration of Civil War resources found in the Richmond area is unparalleled. The National Park Service manages 13 sites, giving visitors an opportunity to examine the battlefield landscapes, to hear the stories of the combatants and civilian residents, and to understand the complex reasons why Richmond came to symbolize the heart and soul of the Confederacy.

Regulations

This is a partial list of park regulations. Site is open sunrise to sunset. Report suspicious activities to any park employee or call 804-795-5018. In emergencies call 911.

Alcoholic beverages are prohibited.
All natural and cultural resources are protected by law.
Relic hunting is prohibited. Possession of a metal detector in the park is illegal.
Hunting, trapping, feeding, or otherwise disturbing wildlife is prohibited.
Weapons are prohibited inside all park buildings.
Pets must be on a leash.
Recreation activities like kite-flying, ball-playing, and frisbee throwing are prohibited.
Motor vehicles and bicycles must remain on established roads.

(right panel)
1862 Seven Days’ Battles

No military campaign had more influence on the course of the Civil War than
 
Federal forces advance up the Peninsula Photo, Click for full size
August 20, 2010
2. Federal forces advance up the Peninsula
 
these Seven Days’ battles. George B. McClellan’s army of more than 100,000 Union soldiers landed at Fort Monroe in spring of 1862, and fought its way up the peninsula. By mid-May the Army of the Potomac lay on the outskirts of Richmond, hoping to capture the capital of the Confederacy and perhaps end the war. If that strategy succeeded the nation might be reunified, but without abolition of slavery. Confederate General Robert E. Lee chose not to wait for the Federal army’s next move. Instead he seized the initiative, and on June 26 advanced across the Chickahominy River with nearly 45,000 soldiers. That action opened a week-long series of battles that resulted in the Union army retreating to the banks of the James River. With Richmond secure, Lee’s army moved north, defeated Union forces at Cedar Mountain and Second Manassas (Bull Run), and then marched toward Maryland and the first invasion of the North.

June 26
Chickahominy Bluff

Lee massed much of his own Confederate army at Chickahominy Bluff and surged over the river in a combined operation with Thomas J. “Stonewall” Jackson.

Beaver Dam Creek
Later that afternoon Lee’s men struck a well positioned piece of the Federal army at Beaver Dam Creek. His attack failed, but Jackson’s presence above the creek forced McClellan’s men away overnight.

June 27
McClellan
 
1862 Seven Days' Battles Photo, Click for full size
August 20, 2010
3. 1862 Seven Days' Battles
 
decided to move to a new base on the James River, but his rearguard at Gaines’ Mill barely escaped destruction when Lee’s Confederates launched an all-out attack, triggering the second and largest battle of the Seven Days.

June 28
McClellan organized his retreat and achieved a head start in what would become a race to the James River. Meanwhile, Lee shifted from protecting Richmond to pursuing and defeating the Union army. A Confederate probe at Gouldin’s Farm, south of the Chickahominy River, produced a small battle.

June 29
Lee pushed his men forward against the Union army’s rear at Savage’s Station, on the Richmond & York River Railroad. The inconclusive battle there produced 1,400 casualties and temporarily slowed the progress of McClellan’s retreat.

June 30
Confederate columns pursued the Union army. A vicious battle at Glendale (or Frayser’s Farm) gave Lee his best opportunity of the campaign, but the determined resistance of McClellan’s subordinates kept the line of retreat open.

July 1
McClellan’s army took up a strong defensive position atop Malvern Hill. Poorly coordinated Confederate attacks resulted in a decisive Union victory.

July 2
The Confederates pursued the Northern army to its new base at Harrison’s Landing. Lee determined no offensive opportunities
 
Chickahominy Bluff Overlook Photo, Click for full size
By Bernard Fisher, August 20, 2010
4. Chickahominy Bluff Overlook
 
remained, and ended his campaign to drive foe away from Richmond, concluding the Seven Days’ battles.
 
Erected 2010 by Richmond National Battlefield Park.
 
Location. 37° 35.084′ N, 77° 23.365′ W. Marker is near Richmond, Virginia, in Henrico County. Marker can be reached from Mechanicsville Turnpike (U.S. 360) near Springdale Road, on the right when traveling east. Click for map. Marker is at or near this postal address: 4300 Mechanicsville Turnpike, Richmond VA 23223, United States of America.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within 2 miles of this marker, measured as the crow flies. Defending Richmond (a few steps from this marker); Seven Days' Battles Begin (within shouting distance of this marker); Outer Fortifications (about 700 feet away, measured in a direct line); Richmond Defences (approx. half a mile away); Hanover County / Henrico County (approx. half a mile away); The Chickahominy River & Seven Days' Battles (approx. half a mile away); Seven Days Battles (approx. 1.5 miles away); John Marshall's Farm (approx. 1.6 miles away). Click for a list of all markers in Richmond.
 
More about this marker. On the left panel is a map of Civil War sites managed by the Richmond National Battlefield Park.

On the right panel is a map of the Federal advance up the Peninsula and a map of the Seven Days’ Battles.
 
Chickahominy Bluff Earthworks Photo, Click for full size
By Bernard Fisher, August 20, 2010
5. Chickahominy Bluff Earthworks
 

 
Also see . . .
1. Old Marker at this Location. This marker replaced an older one at this location titled “Chickahominy Bluff” (Submitted on August 21, 2010, by Bernard Fisher of Mechanicsville, Virginia.) 

2. Richmond National Battlefield Park. (Submitted on August 21, 2010, by Bernard Fisher of Mechanicsville, Virginia.)
 
Credits. This page originally submitted on August 21, 2010, by Bernard Fisher of Mechanicsville, Virginia. This page has been viewed 2,033 times since then. Photos:   1, 2, 3, 4, 5. submitted on August 21, 2010, by Bernard Fisher of Mechanicsville, Virginia.
 
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