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Rochester in Fulton County, Indiana — The American Midwest (Great Lakes)
Potawatomi "Trail of Death"
Indiana to Kansas, September 4 - November 4, 1838
 
Right - Text Section - - Potawatomi "Trail of Death" Marker Photo, Click for full size
By Courtesy:: Carly C. Kindig, September 5, 2010
1. Right - Text Section - - Potawatomi "Trail of Death" Marker
(Click on any of these photos to see the details.)
 
Inscription. On September 5, 1838, nearly 850 Potawatomi Indians marched single file through Rochester on the forced removal from Indiana to Western Territory (Kansas). Three chiefs were transported in a jail wagon: Menominee, Black Wolf, and Pepinewa. There were 286 horses and 26 wagons. Included were many Indians from Fulton County: Chief Wamego and people from his village, Chieftess Mas-saw, I-o-wa, and Pawk-shuk, son of deceased Chief Aubbeenaubbee.
The first night they camped at Chippeway on the Tippecanoe River. The next morning 51 Indians were left there due to sickness and lack of a way to transport them. The second night they camped at Mud Creek six miles south of Rochester, where the first death occurred, a child. Wagons were sent back to Chippeway to bring the sick.
While marching through Rochester, the Indians formed a line a mile long. Sympathetic white settlers gave them hoe-cakes for the trip. A little boy, nine-year-old Billy Ward, followed his Indian friends, wanting to go along, but his mother caught up with him a mile south of Rochester and took him home.
Water was scarce, roads choked with dust. Over 40 deaths were recorded on the trek to Kansas. Father Benjamin Petit, who accompanied them, died before he could return to Indiana. His body was later brought back for burial at Notre Dame in South Bend.
 
Left - Map Section - - Potawatomi "Trail of Death" Marker Photo, Click for full size
By Courtesy:: Carly C. Kindig, September 5, 2010
2. Left - Map Section - - Potawatomi "Trail of Death" Marker
"Map by T. Hamilton, Fulton County Historical Society, Rochester, Indiana, 1995"
 
The conductor was William Polke, Fulton County’s first white settler. He and Father Petit tried to help the Indians, but typhoid was killing the white people too in the villages they passed, and there was no medicine. They arrived at what is now Osawatomie, Kans. On Nov. 4, taking 61 days to travel 660 miles.

[ This monument erected in 1995 by Fulton County Historical Society’s Indian Awareness Center; by descendants of Che-shaw-gen, who was on the Trail of Death; and by the family of William O. Wamego, who helped re-enact the Trail of Death on its 150th anniversary in 1988 by riding in a horse-drawn jail wagon through Rochester. ]
 
Erected 1995.
 
Marker series. This marker is included in the Potawatomi - Trail of Death marker series.
 
Location. 41° 3.918′ N, 86° 12.945′ W. Marker is in Rochester, Indiana, in Fulton County. Marker is on Main Street north of East 9th Street, on the right when traveling north. Click for map. Located on the West lawn (at the side-walk) of the Fulton County Courthouse in Rochester, Indiana. Marker is in this post office area: Rochester IN 46975, United States of America.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within 3 miles of this marker, measured as the crow flies. History of Rochester College (a few steps from this marker); Revolutionary War Memorial (within shouting distance of this marker); Fulton County Courthouses (within shouting distance of this marker); Honor Roll - Fulton County Indiana (within shouting distance of this marker); W. W. I War Memorial (within shouting distance of this marker); The Underground Railroad (within shouting distance of this marker); Edward J. Fansler Pathways (approx. 1.3 miles away); Site of Indian Village Chippewa-Nung (approx. 2.8 miles away). Click for a list of all markers in Rochester.
 
Full View - - Potawatomi "Trail of Death" Marker Photo, Click for full size
By Courtesy:: Carly C. Kindig, September 5, 2010
3. Full View - - Potawatomi "Trail of Death" Marker
 

 
Also see . . .
1. "Rochester Court House" ::. (Courtesy of Official Web-Site "Potawatomi - Trail of Death Association" Shirley Willard / Rochester, Indiana.) This article has photos of the marker and other details. (Submitted on September 9, 2010, by Al Wolf of Veedersburg, Indiana.) 

2. History and More Items:. This Official Web-site of the "Potawatomi Trail of Death Association" (Shirley Willard / Rochester, Indiana) is the center of activity and information - with many excellent links. (Submitted on September 9, 2010, by Al Wolf of Veedersburg, Indiana.) 

3. Another - Trail of Death map::. Also, some facts of things that happened along the way of travel. (Submitted on September 9, 2010, by Al Wolf of Veedersburg, Indiana.) 

4. Eye-witness Journals, Letters, & Newspaper Items::. (Courtesy:: Mr. Foley) - A good Secondary Source location for a number of other reports. (Submitted on September 9, 2010, by Al Wolf of Veedersburg, Indiana.) 

5. Virtual Tour ( Courtesy - - Indiana Government web page). (Submitted on February 13, 2013, by Al Wolf of Veedersburg, Indiana.)
 
Wide View - - Potawatomi "Trail of Death" Marker Photo, Click for full size
By Courtesy:: Carly C. Kindig, September 5, 2010
4. Wide View - - Potawatomi "Trail of Death" Marker
 
 
Other View - - Potawatomi "Trail of Death" Marker Photo, Click for full size
By Courtesy:: Carly C. Kindig, September 5, 2010
5. Other View - - Potawatomi "Trail of Death" Marker
 
 
North/East Corner - - Fulton County Courthouse Photo, Click for full size
By Courtesy:: Carly C. Kindig, September 5, 2010
6. North/East Corner - - Fulton County Courthouse
 
 
South/West Corner - - Fulton County Courthouse Photo, Click for full size
By Courtesy:: Carly C. Kindig, September 5, 2010
7. South/West Corner - - Fulton County Courthouse
 
 
South/East Corner - - Fulton County Courthouse Photo, Click for full size
By Courtesy:: Carly C. Kindig, September 5, 2010
8. South/East Corner - - Fulton County Courthouse
 
Credits. This page originally submitted on September 9, 2010, by Al Wolf of Veedersburg, Indiana. This page has been viewed 744 times since then. Photos:   1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8. submitted on September 9, 2010, by Al Wolf of Veedersburg, Indiana. • Bill Pfingsten was the editor who published this page.
 
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