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Aldie in Loudoun County, Virginia — The American South (Mid-Atlantic)
Battle of Aldie
The Fight Begins

— Gettysburg Campaign —
 
Battle of Aldie Marker Photo, Click for full size
By Craig Swain, November 22, 2007
1. Battle of Aldie Marker
 
Inscription. (Preface): After Confederate Gen. Robert E. Lee's stunning victory at Chancellorsville in May 1863, he led the Army of Northern Virginia west to the Shenandoah Valley, then north through central Maryland and across the Mason-Dixon Line into Pennsylvania. Union Gen. George G. Meade, who replaced Gen. Joseph Hooker on June 28, led the Army of the Potomac in pursuit. The armies collided at Gettysburg on July 1, starting a battle that neither general planned to fight there. Three days later, the defeated Confederates retreated, crossing the Potomac River into Virginia on July 14.

On June 17-21, 1863, several cavalry battles erupted along the narrow roads, steep-banked streams, and stone-walled fields of the Loudoun Valley from Aldie west to the Blue Ridge. Confederate Gen. Robert E. Lee's infantry was on a stealthy march west to the Shenandoah Valley. Lee ordered Gen. J.E.B. Stuart and his cavalry corps to screen the infantry from Union forces. Stuart established his headquarters in Middleburg and dispatched Col. Thomas T. Munford's 2,000-man cavalry brigade east to Aldie. There, two macadamized turnpikes led west to Ashby's Gap and northwest to Snickers Gap, while the Carolina Road, a strategic north-south transportation route, was located just to the east.

Union Gen. Joseph Hooker meanwhile, instructed Gen. Alfred
 
Battle Map Photo, Click for full size
By Craig Swain, November 22, 2007
2. Battle Map
 
Pleasonton and his cavalry corps to find Lee's infantry. On June 17, Union Gen. H. Judson Kilpatrick's 1,200-man cavalry brigade approached Aldie from your right as part of Munford's command entered from the west. That afternoon, the 2nd New York Cavalry at the head of Kilpatricks's column collided with a 2nd Virginia Cavalry company scouting east of here. The New Yorkers drew sabers and charged, driving the outnumbered Confederates back past the mill. The noise attracted the 5th Virginia Cavalry from Dover a short distance west, and the Southern horsemen, brandishing pistols and sabers chased the Federals back down the road in front of the mill. As additional Union cavalry units arrived to support the New Yorkers, the Confederates withdrew west to higher ground. There the fighting soon resumed in earnest.
 
Erected 2007 by Virginia Civil War Trails.
 
Marker series. This marker is included in the Virginia Civil War Trails marker series.
 
Location. 38° 58.521′ N, 77° 38.465′ W. Marker is in Aldie, Virginia, in Loudoun County. Marker is on John Mosby Highway (U.S. 50), on the right when traveling east. Click for map. The marker is in the parking lot for the Aldie Mill Historic Site. Marker is in this post office area: Aldie VA 20105, United States of America.
 
Other nearby markers.
 
Markers in the Aldie Mill Parking Lot Photo, Click for full size
By Craig Swain, November 22, 2007
3. Markers in the Aldie Mill Parking Lot
 
At least 8 other markers are within 2 miles of this marker, measured as the crow flies. Lee Moves North Again (here, next to this marker); Aldie Mill (within shouting distance of this marker); Mercer’s Home (about 500 feet away, measured in a direct line); Snickersville Turnpike (approx. 0.7 miles away); Mother of Stonewall Jackson (approx. one mile away); President Monroe’s Home (approx. one mile away); A Revolutionary War Hero (approx. 1.4 miles away); Gettysburg Campaign (approx. 1.4 miles away). Click for a list of all markers in Aldie.
 
More about this marker. The marker features portraits of Col. Thomas Munford and Gen. H. Judson Kilpatrick. A map depicting the maneuvers discussed in the text is displayed in the lower center.
 
Related markers. Click here for a list of markers that are related to this marker. The Battle of Aldie by Markers
 
Also see . . .  Battle of Aldie. Battle summary from The National Park Service/CRGIS report, Civil War in Loudoun Valley. (Submitted on November 27, 2007, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia.) 
 
Aldie Bridge Photo, Click for full size
By Craig Swain, November 22, 2007
4. Aldie Bridge
The old bridge at Aldie Mill supported Ashby's Gap Turnpike's crossing of the Little River. The opening mounted combat occurred on the highway just to the east (background) of the bridge.
 
Credits. This page originally submitted on November 27, 2007, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia. This page has been viewed 2,425 times since then. Photos:   1, 2, 3, 4. submitted on November 27, 2007, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia.
 
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