Inscription. Anna Ella Carroll was born on Maryland's Eastern Shore in 1815. Often called an unofficial member of President Abraham Lincoln's cabinet, she was a Unionist author and newspaper reporter who had traveled extensively throughout the South and Midwest before the Civil War. Among her most popular books were The War Powers of the General Government (1861) and The Great American Battle (1856). Just before the war, she journeyed through the Midwest and noted the importance of the rivers and the railroads as a strategic link to the resources of the region. In 1861, her contacts at the War Department encouraged her to tour the upper Mississippi River valley and report on conditions there. While in St. Louis, she met with Mississippi River pilots who described the river and its major tributaries. With this information, Carroll developed outlines for a Federal campaign into the South on the Tennessee River and sent a detailed plan to the War Department. In 1862-63, Gen. Ulysses S. Grant took his army up the Tennessee River and captured several key forts and transportation junctions; among them was the fortified town of Vicksburg. The seizure of the railroads and water-transportation facilities of the Tennessee Valley was one of the keys to the eventual success of the United States. Carroll was never officially recognized for her contributions
By F. Robby, November 4, 2007
|1. Anna Ella Carroll Marker|
to military strategy during the war, but she received a small pension many years later. She died on February 19, 1894.
By F. Robby, undated
|2. Emancipation Proclamation|
|Francis Bicknell Carpenter's 1864 painting, First Reading of the Emancipation Proclamation of President Lincoln, shows an empty chair purportedly representing Anna Ella Carroll's influence in the cabinet.|
Erected by Civil War Trails.
Marker series. This marker is included in the Maryland Civil War Trails marker series.
Location. 38° 29.989′ N, 76° 10.03′ W. Marker is in Woolford, Maryland, in Dorchester County. Marker is at the intersection of Taylors Island Road (Maryland Route 16) and Old Trinity Church Road, on the right when traveling east on Taylors Island Road. Click for map. Marker is in this post office area: Woolford MD 21677, United States of America.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within 7 miles of this marker, as the crow flies. Trinity P.E. Church (approx. 0.3 miles away); Treaty Oak (approx. one mile away); “Stanley Institute” (approx. 4.7 miles away); “Appleby” (approx. 6 miles away); Gary’s Creek - Indian Path (approx. 6.1 miles away); Spocott Windmill (approx. 6.2 miles away); Thomas Holliday Hicks (approx. 6.8 miles away); Finding Freedom (approx. 7 miles away).
More about this marker. On the right is a portrait captioned, "Anna Ella Carroll (1815-1894) is buried here in Old Trinity Church." On the lower left is a wartime map of Tennessee and Kentucky.
By Richard E. Miller, July 30, 2011
|3. Laura Era's "Maryland" version (2010) of the signing of the Emancipation Proclamation|
|- with Anna Ella Carroll seated in the "empty" chair of Francis Bicknell Carpenter's 1864 version.|
Also see . . .
1. Maryland State Archives webpage on Anna Ella Carroll. (Submitted on December 4, 2007, by F. Robby of Baltimore, Maryland.)
2. Anna Ella Carroll. Wikipedia entry. (Submitted on December 4, 2007, by F. Robby of Baltimore, Maryland.)
Credits. This page originally submitted on December 4, 2007, by F. Robby of Baltimore, Maryland. This page has been viewed 1,856 times since then. Last updated on July 31, 2011, by Richard E. Miller of Oxon Hill, Maryland. Photos: 1, 2. submitted on December 4, 2007, by F. Robby of Baltimore, Maryland. 3. submitted on July 31, 2011, by Richard E. Miller of Oxon Hill, Maryland. • Craig Swain was the editor who published this page.
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