Pendleton in Madison County, Indiana — The American Midwest (Great Lakes)
In 1843, Massachusetts Anti-Slavery Society sent speakers to New York, Pennsylvania, Ohio, and Indiana to hold "One Hundred Conventions" on abolition. When speakers encountered citizens with deeply held racist ideas, they were often targets of violence. On September 16, a crowd gathered near here to listen to George Bradburn, William A. White, and Frederick Douglass.
During Bradburn's speech, more than thirty men marched in, armed with stones and brickbats, and demanded that the speakers leave. In the assault that followed, White, Douglass, and others were injured. Local supporters defended them and carried them to safety. Douglass spoke the next day at nearby Friends meetinghouse without incident. Rioters went unpunished.
Erected 2013 by Indiana Historical Bureau, Madison County Council, Madison County Council of Governments, Town of Pendleton, Historic Fall Creek Pendleton Settlement, Pendleton Business Association, and Friends. (Marker Number 48.2013.1.)
Marker series. This marker is included in the Indiana State Historical Bureau Markers marker series.
Location. 40° 0.381′ N, 85° 44.704′ W. Marker is in Pendleton, Indiana Click for map. Marker is located in the northwest corner of Falls Park north of Fall Creek. Marker is in this post office area: Pendleton IN 46064, United States of America.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within 8 miles of this marker, measured as the crow flies. Three White Men Were Hung Here (approx. ¼ mile away); The Anderson Street Railway (approx. 7.5 miles away); The First Methodist Church in Anderson Was Built Here (approx. 7.6 miles away); Historic West Eighth Street (approx. 7.7 miles away); Public Square (approx. 7.8 miles away); Massacre of Indians (approx. 7.8 miles away); Madison County Veterans' Memorial (approx. 7.9 miles away); Madison County Historic Home (approx. 8 miles away).
Regarding Abolitionists Mobbed. The recollections of Frederick Douglass on the event:
"At Pendleton this mob-ocratic spirit was even more pronounced. It was found impossible to obtain a building in which to hold our convention, and our friends, Dr. Fussell and others, erected a platform in the woods, where quite a large audience assembled. Mr. Bradburn, Mr. White, and myself were in attendance. As soon as we began to speak, a mob of about sixty of the roughest characters I ever looked upon ordered us, through its leaders,
Source: Douglass, Frederick. The Life and Times of Frederick Douglass, From 1817 to 1882. London: Christian Age Office, 1882. 198-199.
Categories. • Abolition & Underground RR •
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