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“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
Brandywine in Prince George's County, Maryland — The American Northeast (Mid-Atlantic)
 

Up in Flames

Star-Spangled Banner National Historic Trail

 
 
Up in Flames Marker Photo, Click for full size
By Anacostia Trails Heritage Area
1. Up in Flames Marker
Inscription. Tobacco was a target along the Patuxent in 1814. The British raided places stocked with hogsheads of tobacco ready for shipment. Filled with dried tobacco leaves, the wooden barrels burned easily. Imagine the spectacle on June 17 when 1,100 hogsheads went up in flames at Moil and Magruder warehouse, located north of here at the end of Magruders Ferry Road.

Dual Strategy
By destroying tobacco the British hit where it hurt most—the heart of the region’s economy. They had another reason for the raids. Joshua Barney’s Chesapeake Flotilla was out of reach in St. Leonard Creek. By increasing raids along the Patuxent, the British hoped to force Barney out to defend local property.

“It would have distressed you to see the tobacco at Magruder’s burning, as I did... Eleven hundred hogsheads, nearly all consumed.”
– Unknown merchant, New York Herald, June 25, 1814

IMAGE / © GERRY EMBLETON

U.S. Flotilla in St. Leonard Creek by Com. Joshua Barney, June 1814 IMAGE / COURTESY NATIONAL ARCHIVES AND RECORDS ADMINISTRATION"
 
Erected by National Park Service.
 
Marker series. This marker is included in the Star Spangled Banner National Historic Trail marker series.
 
Location.
Up in Flames Marker Photo, Click for full size
By F. Robby, August 20, 2013
2. Up in Flames Marker
38° 38.399′ N, 76° 41.655′ W. Marker is in Brandywine, Maryland, in Prince George's County. Marker can be reached from Magruder's Ferry Road 1.1 miles east of Croom Road (Maryland Route 382). Click for map. Just before the gate on Macgruder Ferry Road, enter the Clyde Watson Boating Area and follow road about 1000 feet to the pier. Marker is at or near this postal address: 17901 Magruder's Ferry Road, Brandywine MD 20613, United States of America.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within 5 miles of this marker, measured as the crow flies. Town Ravaged (approx. 1.3 miles away); Lower Marlboro (approx. 1.3 miles away but has been reported missing); Lower Marlboro Town (approx. 1.3 miles away); Warships and Raids (approx. 1.4 miles away); Woodville School (approx. 3.5 miles away); Brig Gen Leonard Covington (approx. 4.1 miles away); Alarming Sight (approx. 4.2 miles away); Immanuel Church (approx. 4.3 miles away).
 
Additional comments.
1. Battle of Maguder's Ferry
"In reference to the warehouse at Magruder's Ferry, it appears that a considerable American force was stationed behind it. Being filled with tobacco, it afforded complete protection against the cannon of the enemy; and a battle was fought with the British vessels, which continued until the ammunition of our troops
Up in Flames Marker Photo, Click for full size
By F. Robby, August 20, 2013
3. Up in Flames Marker
Looking south down the Patuxent River.
was exhausted, and they were consequently obliged to retreat. Upon the retreat of the American force, the British landed and burned the warehouse, with the tobacco of the petitioner R. Johnson, and others therein contained" – Senator James A. Bayard, Jr. In the Senate Feb. 17 1854.
    — Submitted July 16, 2014, by Allen C. Browne of Silver Spring, Maryland.

 
Additional keywords. Star Spangled Banner National Historic Trail
 
Categories. War of 1812
 
Patuxent River Photo, Click for full size
By F. Robby, August 20, 2013
4. Patuxent River
Looking north from the pier next to the marker.
Colonial Marines Burn Tobacco Photo, Click for full size
By Allen C. Browne, July 13, 2014
5. Colonial Marines Burn Tobacco
Close-up of Gerry Embleton painting on marker
Dual Strategy Photo, Click for full size
By Allen C. Browne, July 13, 2014
6. Dual Strategy
By destroying tobacco the British hit where it hurt most—the heart of the region’s economy. They had another reason for the raids. Joshua Barney’s Chesapeake Flotilla was out of reach in St. Leonard Creek. By increasing raids along the Patuxent, the British hoped to force Barney out to defend local property.

U.S. Flotilla in St. Leonard Creek by Com. Joshua Barney, June 1814
Close-up of map on marker
 
 
Credits. This page originally submitted on , by Anacostia Trails Heritage Area of Hyattsville, Maryland. This page has been viewed 443 times since then. Last updated on , by Allen C. Browne of Silver Spring, Maryland. Photos:   1. submitted on , by Anacostia Trails Heritage Area of Hyattsville, Maryland.   2, 3, 4. submitted on , by F. Robby of Baltimore, Maryland.   5, 6. submitted on , by Allen C. Browne of Silver Spring, Maryland. • Bill Pfingsten was the editor who published this page. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016.
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