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“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
 
 

Agriculture Historical Markers

1828 markers matched your search criteria. The first 200 markers are listed. Next 1628
 
Old Plank Road Marker looking toward the Cotton Gin Factory & Town of Prattville on the right image, Click for more information
By Tim Carr, January 23, 2010
Old Plank Road Marker looking toward the Cotton Gin Factory & Town of Prattville on the right
Alabama (Autauga County), Prattville — Old Plank RoadCirca 1840's
The plank road was constructed of large pine logs, sawed lengthwise and laid round-side down. Daniel Pratt built the road for public benefit and to provide transportation from the Pratt Cotton Gin Factory to Washington on the Alabama River. Over . . . — Map (db m27983) HM
Alabama (Clarke County), Claiborne — 93001517 — Dellet-Bedsole PlantationC. 1850 — National Register of Historic Places
This 4000 acre complex has been recognized for its contribution to our understanding of the history of Monroe County and the State of Alabama. Originally developed as a cotton plantation during the Antebellum period, this farm has been in continuous . . . — Map (db m80345) HM
Alabama (Clay County), Ashland — Ashland, Alabama
Side 1 Clay County was formed by an act of the Alabama General Assembly on December 7, 1866. Less than a year later, Ashland was established as the county seat on land donated by Hollingsworth Watts for the construction of a . . . — Map (db m95087) HM
Alabama (Coffee County), Enterprise — Boll Weevil MonumentDecember 11, 1919
In profound appreciation of the Boll Weevil and what it has done as the Herald of Prosperity this monument was erected by the Citizens of Enterprise, Coffee County, Alabama — Map (db m30306) HM
Alabama (Dallas County), Cahaba — Perine Well
This artesian well was drilled to serve a factory which did not materialize. It was then used to water the grounds, a garden and pastures. In addition, by forcing water through pipes into his $50,000 home, E. M. Perine, a merchant prince, had the . . . — Map (db m83518) HM
Alabama (Dallas County), Cahaba — The Duke of Cahaba
In 1889, Samuel and Sarah Kirkpatrick moved to Selma, leaving their farm and house in the capable hands of their son Clifton (1863-1930). He turned the abandoned remains of Alabama's first capital into a showcase farm of diversified, scientific . . . — Map (db m23005) HM
Alabama (Henry County), Headland — Head's Land Yielded Fruits of Success
Begun on 160 acres of land owned by Dr. Joshua Head, "Head's Land," or Headland, was established in 1871, incorporated as a town in 1884 and a city in 1893. The land itself yielded the city's first industry. Due to the abundance of pine trees, . . . — Map (db m71816) HM
Alabama (Jefferson County), Leeds — Rowan House
Thomas Rowan, son of Irish immigrants who settled in St. Clair County, Alabama, purchased his first 130 acres at auction and built a house here by c. 1854 that probably forms the core of the two northeast rooms. Heir John Thomas Rowan and his wife, . . . — Map (db m24716) HM
Alabama (Lauderdale County), Florence — Dr. Amit RoyCity of Florence Walk of Honor
Named President of the International Fertilizer Development Center in 1992, Dr. Amit Roy distinguished himself as a leader of a team to create sustainable agricultural productivity worldwide, alleviating hunger and ensuring food security. . . . — Map (db m99379) HM
Alabama (Lauderdale County), Florence — Edward Asbury O'Neal, IIICity of Florence Walk of Honor
Serving 16 years as president of the American Farm Bureau Federation (1931-1947), Mr. O'Neal developed major New Deal farm policies in the Franklin D. Roosevelt Administration. — Map (db m28906) HM
Alabama (Lauderdale County), Florence — Frank Perron AchornCity of Florence Walk of Honor
In 1947 Frank Achorn began his successful work as a chemical engineer in 45 states and 40 countries to feed the hungry of the world through increased crop yields. He later secured eight patents related to the fertilizer industry. — Map (db m56373) HM
Alabama (Lauderdale County), Florence — John Thomas Bulls, JrCity of Florence Walk of Honor
For 21 years following the end of World War II, John Bulls served as Agricultural Extension Advisor for the U.S. State Dept. in India, Nigeria, Tunisia and Uganda, assisting farmers and organizing community development programs. — Map (db m84025) HM
Alabama (Lawrence County), Courtland — A Cotton Kingdom
Side A A combination of rich soil, mild climate and ready access to market via river and later railroad made Courtland an early center of cotton production. From surrounding plantations with colorful names like Bonnie Doone, Oak Grove, . . . — Map (db m71285) HM
Alabama (Lee County), Auburn — Noble Hall
Marker Front: The Greek Revival rock and mortar house was built by Addison Frazer (1809-1873) between 1852 and 1854 and served as the center for a 2,000 acre cotton plantation. Frazer owned 100 slaves and was on the Board of Trustees of . . . — Map (db m25988) HM
Alabama (Lee County), Auburn — The Cullars Rotation / The Alvis Field and Cotton Rust
Side 1 The Cullars Rotation The Cullars Rotation is the oldest, continuous soil fertility study in the South and the second oldest cotton study in the world. It was started in 1911 by the Alabama Agricultural Experiment Station . . . — Map (db m74463) HM
Alabama (Lee County), Auburn — The Old Rotation
Established in 1896 by Professor J.F. Duggar, the Old Rotation at Auburn University is: (1) the oldest, continuous cotton experiment in the U.S.; and (2) the 3rd oldest continuous field crop experiment in the U.S.; and (3) the 1st experiment to . . . — Map (db m74429) HM
Alabama (Lee County), Opelika — Top Rock Millstone
This "Top Rock" Millstone was in a grist mill owned and operated by W.S.A. Bence on Sweetwater Creek in Clay County, AL 1919-1947 Donated by H.S. Bence — Map (db m75160) HM
Alabama (Limestone County), Mooresville — Cottonport / Mooresville
Front The town of Cottonport flourished in the early years of Limestone County. It was settled in 1818 and chartered in 1824. It was located approx. 1½ miles S.E. near the point where Limestone Creek flowed into the Tennessee River and . . . — Map (db m85455) HM
Alabama (Limestone County), Tanner — Cotton Hillcirca 1824
A grand two story brick house built in the Federal style with a double tier pedimented Palladian portico. The house displays architectural features brought to Limestone County by early settlers from Southside Virginia, and adjacent North Carolina. . . . — Map (db m90915) HM
Alabama (Macon County), Shorter — Prairie Farms Resettlement Community
(obverse) Beginning in the mid-1930s during the Great Depression, the federal New Deal promoted Land Resettlement to move farmers across the nation off worn out soil to new farmland. The Resettlement Administration, and its successor the . . . — Map (db m68000) HM
Alabama (Madison County), New Market — Town of New Market
Settled by Pioneers early as 1806. Voting Precinct established 1827. Town incorporated 1837. George Smith, major landowner of town site, built first log house and established mercantile business, 1814. John Miller excavated millrace, erected . . . — Map (db m31657) HM
Alabama (Madison County), Triana — Triana, Alabama
Originally called “The Prairie” by the Chickasaw Indians who settled here, Triana was incorporated November 13, 1819 as the second town in Madison County. The community purportedly was named after Rodrigo de Triana, the crewman who first . . . — Map (db m70237) HM
Alabama (Marshall County), Arab — Farmer's Exchange
The Farmer’s Exchange was a focal point of commerce during the early years of the young town of Arab. Farmers exchanged their corn, eggs, butter, hides and other agricultural products for a barrel of flour, a stand of lard or other . . . — Map (db m40627) HM
Alabama (Marshall County), Boaz — City of Boaz
Side A Informally called Sparkstown for a period of time, the city of Boaz was officially named after the husband of Ruth, a Biblical character in the Old Testament. Incorporated in March 1897, Boaz quickly began to "set a pace for her . . . — Map (db m39156) HM
Alabama (Montgomery County), Montgomery — Teague Road
This 2.8-mile road connecting U.S. highways 331 and 31 first appeared on Montgomery County road maps in 1928. Land for the road was deeded to Montgomery County in September 1926 by local landowners from the Teague, Bellingrath and Matthews families. . . . — Map (db m70932) HM
Alabama (Montgomery County), Montgomery — Teague Road
This 2.8-mile road connecting U.S. highways 331 and 31 first appeared on Montgomery County road maps in 1928. Land for the road was deeded to Montgomery County in September 1926 by local landowners from the Teague, Bellingrath and Matthews families. . . . — Map (db m99235) HM
Alabama (Montgomery County), Pintlala — Pintlala Grange Hall / Grange Hall School
(Side 1) Pintlala Grange Hall The National Grange of the Patrons of Husbandry was organized in 1867 to provide economic, social and cultural improvements for farmers and their families. Pintlala's Grange Hall was erected circa . . . — Map (db m71433) HM
Alabama (Morgan County), Decatur — Health and Civic WelfareRestoring the Vision ... Preserving the Legacy
"The opportunies which were at hand in the development of the river and the region were being seized upon by our people with renewed courage and confidence. We now know that we couldn't be licked again, that what had been preached to us by TVA was . . . — Map (db m86505) HM
Alabama (Pike County), Brundidge — City of Brundidge and the Bass House / Brundidge's Peanut Butter Heritage
Side 1 City of Brundidge and the Bass House Brundidge was founded in 1851 and incorporated in 1890. Brundidge City Hall has been located in the former Bass House on South Main Street in downtown Brundidge since November 1992. . . . — Map (db m71796) HM
Alabama (Pike County), Orion — Orion Institute
Founded 1848 by legislative act and donations of citizens. Excellent instruction made it only school of kind for youth in area. Later used as public school until 1929 school consolidation. Orion settled about 1815, by 1830 saw arrival of . . . — Map (db m71791) HM
Alabama (Tallapoosa County), Dadeville — Fletcher Napoleon Farrington, Sr.1902 - 1968 — County Agent and Civic Leader
Fletcher Farrington, after graduating from the Alabama Polytechnic Institute (now Auburn University), came to Tallapoosa County as a county agent for the Agricultural Extension Service in 1932. Concluding that soil erosion was the local farmers . . . — Map (db m95105) HM
Arizona (Apache County), Eagar — 14 — Joseph Udall Barn
Built in the early 1900s by one of Eagar's prominent civic, religious & business leaders, this barn was constructed with wooden pegs & retains remarkable architectural integrity. The 2-story brick farmhouse no longer stands. — Map (db m36640) HM
Arizona (Apache County), Springerville — 5 — Old Grist Mill Site1876
Just west on the river, W.R Milligan built the first grist mill & sawmill in Round Valley, later a brick kiln was added. Subsequent owners included the Udall Bros. & J.P. Rothlisberger who built the barn just ahead. — Map (db m36597) HM
Arizona (Coconino County), Flagstaff — The Old Tractor
This 1945 Model H International Farmall, purchased by the Zanzucchi Family after World War II, was used to plow the "Fields" at the Flagstaff Dairy. The Flagstaff Dairy operated from 1904 thru 1979 and was located 3 miles west of Flagstaff on Old . . . — Map (db m78740) HM
Arizona (Coconino County), Grand Canyon National Park — Mules and the Canyon
Behind you is the Bright Angel mule corral, where each morning mules greet riders and another adventure begins. Mules have carried people into Grand Canyon since sightseeers first visited here in the 1890s. For many people - including those who . . . — Map (db m39551) HM
Arizona (Coconino County), Jacob Lake — Jacob Lake Lookout Tower
This location has two markers This steel lookout tower is 80 feet tall and has a 7 foot by 7 foot steel cab on top. It was erected in 1934. As guardians of our nation's vast timber reserves, the U.S. Forest Service has always given fire . . . — Map (db m94919) HM
Arizona (Coconino County), Mormon Lake — Mormon Dairy
Between 1876 and 1886, Hyrum Judd, under the direction of Lot Smith, supervised a Mormon Dairy one mile northeast near Dairy Spring. Beginning with a herd of 115 cows, large quantities of butter and cheese were produced. During the 1880s the . . . — Map (db m35187) HM
Arizona (Coconino County), Sedona — 2 — Fruit Packing HouseCity of Sedona Landmark No. 2
In 1946, Walter Jordan's orchard business had expanded. This building was constructed to house an apple grading machine and other fruit packing operations. Walter Jordan operated the orchards until 1973. — Map (db m94848) HM
Arizona (Coconino County), Sedona — Indian GardensHomesite of the First Settler in Oak Creek Canyon
In 1876 or 1877, Jim Thompson built a log cabin here and began cultivating the old Indian Gardens where the Indians had grown corn and squash long before Oak Creek was known to white men. Thompson remained here at his Indian Gardens Ranch until his . . . — Map (db m33203) HM
Arizona (Coconino County), Sedona — 3 — Jordan Tractor ShedCity of Sedona Landmark No. 3
Built in c1929 by Walter Jordan to house tractors and other farm implements for use in the Jordan Orchards. — Map (db m94847) HM
Arizona (Coconino County), Sedona — Orchards (1890 - 1970)
Fruit growing played a significant role in the early Sedona economy. Over time, settlers constructed ditches, flumes, pipelines, reservoirs, and water wheels to provide irrigation to their gardens and eventually to their larger orchards. Apples . . . — Map (db m54228) HM
Arizona (Coconino County), Sedona — Van Deren Ranch
Lee Van Deren, cattleman, arrived to put his children in the new Sedona school opened in 1910. Ranching was a major part of Sedona’s early economy. Round ups and cattle drives were a twice a year occurrence for ranchers when moving their herds from . . . — Map (db m54229) HM
Arizona (Coconino County), Walnut Canyon National Monument — Departure
Despite all it had to offer, in time Walnut Canyon became a difficult place for farmers to live. Drier, colder conditions meant crop failures. More people and diminished resources meant nutritional stress, disease, and conflict. However, . . . — Map (db m61370) HM
Arizona (Coconino County), Wupatki National Monument — Where Were The Fields?
Farming then did not mean vast fields like we use today. Anasazi and Sinagua people modified these small terraces to grow hand-tended corn, cotton, beans, and squash. We know the climate was about what it is now, very dry for farming. The terraces . . . — Map (db m41715) HM
Arizona (La Paz County), Cibola — 104 — Cibola Arizona
Gold and silver strikes in the 1860's created growth in the area. It is said Wyatt Earp served as sheriff of Cibola for one year in the 1890's. The town of Cibola formed in 1898 and construction began on a 16 mile canal to bring water from the river . . . — Map (db m78552) HM
Arizona (Maricopa County), Chandler — Arizona Cotton Land
The land surrounding this cemetery represents the beginning of commercial cotton growing in Arizona. In January 1917, during World War I, the Goodyear Tire and Rubber Company founded the Southwest Cotton Company to begin producing long-staple . . . — Map (db m34554) HM
Arizona (Maricopa County), Glendale — Blacksmith and Machine Shop — at Sahuaro Ranch . . .
Farm and ranch work have always been hard on machinery, making frequent repairs necessary. Throughout Sahuaro Ranch's history, most of these repairs were made here by the ranch's own employees. This building, which is believed to have been . . . — Map (db m40676) HM
Arizona (Maricopa County), Glendale — Corrals and Tack House — at Sahuaro Ranch . . .
The corrals here are the remnants of the sprawling complex of corrals and pastures needed to raise the livestock that was always important to the operations of Sahuaro Ranch. In early years, horses and mules were the primary source of power for . . . — Map (db m40686) HM
Arizona (Maricopa County), Glendale — Fruit Packing Shed — at Sahuaro Ranch...
This packing shed, constructed in 1891, is one of the oldest farm buildings on the ranch. It was designed by James M. Creighton, a prominent architect in territoral Arizona. Exactly how the shed was used is not known, but presumably it was here . . . — Map (db m40702) HM
Arizona (Maricopa County), Glendale — Irrigation — at Sahuaro Ranch...
The water for Sahuaro Ranch came by gravity flow from the Arizona Canal, located about two miles to the north. It was carried from the canal by a ditch on 59th Avenue known as Lateral 18 and then flowed onto the ranch through smaller ditches such . . . — Map (db m40706) HM
Arizona (Maricopa County), Glendale — Manistee Ranch
National Register of Historic Places Listed April 9, 1998 United Stated Department of the Interior Manistee Ranch a treasured Glendale landmark and was the long-time home of Louis M. Sands, a pioneer of modern Arizona cattle . . . — Map (db m30500) HM
Arizona (Maricopa County), Glendale — Orchards — at Sahuaro Ranch
The most important crops in the early years of Sahuaro Ranch were fruits and nuts. These commanded high prices, which meant they could profitably be raised here and sold to buyers across the country despite the high cost of shipping from such a . . . — Map (db m40705) HM
Arizona (Maricopa County), Glendale — Sahuaro Ranch
National Register of Historic Places Listed March 7, 1980 United States Department of the Interior Sahuaro Ranch was one of the first farms in the Glendale area and a reminder of Glendale’s agricultural beginnings. Started by wealthy . . . — Map (db m28088) HM
Arizona (Maricopa County), Glendale — Stable / Granary — at Sahuaro Ranch . . .
Little is known about the history of this building, which started out as a horse stable, but it almost certainly was one of the earliest work buildings to be erected at Sahuaro Ranch. The eastern half, with the vertical wood siding, was built . . . — Map (db m40685) HM
Arizona (Maricopa County), Glendale — The Barnyard — at Sahuaro Ranch . . .
The barnyard was the center of activity as Sahuaro Ranch. Horses and mules were stabled, trained, and shoed here. Cattle were brought to the corrals for branding, treatment and shipment. Farm implements and wagons were stored and repaired here. . . . — Map (db m40674) HM
Arizona (Maricopa County), Glendale — Water & Power — at Sahuaro Ranch . . .
When Sahuaro Ranch was built, and for some years afterward, water and electricity had to be provided by the owners themselves, often at great expense. Drinking water was obtained from a groundwater well located in the back yard of the Main . . . — Map (db m40638) HM
Arizona (Maricopa County), Glendale — Welcome to Sahuaro Ranch — at Sahuaro Ranch . . .
Sahuaro Ranch was established in 1886, when William H. Bartlett filed a claim to 640 acres of public land at this site. Using irrigation water delivered by the Arizona Canal, which reached the Glendale area in early 1885, Barlett and his ranch . . . — Map (db m40656) HM
Arizona (Maricopa County), Glendale — Well HouseSRP Well House Re-creation — at Sahuaro Ranch . . .
This building, which houses a groundwater well pump, is a re-creation of a Salt River Project (SRP) pump house from the 1920s. In the original pump houses, a wooden derrick was erected first and used to drill the well. Once the well was working, an . . . — Map (db m40660) HM
Arizona (Maricopa County), Phoenix — 344 — Arizona's Pioneer Women
Before 1875 hundreds of heroic women came to Arizona from the East and South. From this group came Arizona's first schoolteachers and the publisher of the first newspaper. In 1876 a group of pioneer women and their families came from the north, . . . — Map (db m27385) HM
Arizona (Maricopa County), Phoenix — F.Q. Story Addition
Land that was to become the Story Neighborhood (bounded by McDowell Road, Roosevelt Street, 7th Avenue, and Grand Avenue) was purchased in 1887 and 1906 by Francis Q. Story, a horticulturist known as the "father of the Sunkist Orange." Serious . . . — Map (db m39413) HM
Arizona (Maricopa County), Phoenix — S. (Frenchy) Sawyer
At this site in the Spring of 1868 S. (Frenchy) Sawyer Built the first farm dwelling and harvested the first cultivated crop (barley) in the Anglo-American occupation of the Salt River Valley. These same fertile acres had been irrigated . . . — Map (db m30402) HM
Arizona (Pima County), Tucson — Bicentennial Moon Tree
This seedling was grown from the very seeds that journeyed to the moon and back on board Apollo 14. It symbolizes the major role forests played in developing our American Heritage and the vital role forests have in our future. This planting made . . . — Map (db m83012) HM
Arizona (Pima County), Tucson — George E. P. Smith ResidenceResidencia del Profesor George E. P. Smith
Dr. Smith built this house in 1904 in anticipation of his marriage to Maud North, a Tucson teacher. The house, which he designed, was the first building on the north side of Speedway. Dr. Smith was a University of Arizona professor of engineering . . . — Map (db m83035) HM
Arizona (Pima County), Tucson — The Tucson Plant Materials Center
The Tucson Plant Materials Center Has been placed on the National Register of Historic Places By the United States Department of Agriculture 1997 — Map (db m31525) HM
Arizona (Pima County), Tucson — Who Lived Here?Historical Gardens
Like many Tucsonans in the 1920s, Bernice Walkley and Rutger Porter were transplanted easterners – she from Connecticut and he from New York. Rutger met Bernice while doing landscape work for her father in Tucson.

In 1929 Rutger bought the . . . — Map (db m84199) HM

Arizona (Pima County), Vail — Hired Man’s House – Who Lived Here?/Historic Preservation of the Hired Man’s House
Hired Man’s House – Who Lived Here? This two room house was in existence by 1920. Most likely, the Vails built it for use by families working on the Empire Ranch. Dusty Vail Ingram, who grew up on the Empire, recalled that the Estrada . . . — Map (db m84201) HM
Arizona (Pima County), Vail — Historic Empire Ranch
Behind you are many of the original buildings of the historic Empire Ranch, established in the 1870s by Edward Nye Fish on 160 acres with a four-room adobe ranch house and corral. In 1876, Walter L. Vail and Herbert R. Hislop purchased the . . . — Map (db m84196) HM
Arizona (Yavapai County), Camp Verde — Pecan Lane Rural Historic Landscape
Upper Plaque: Pecan Lane Rural Historic Landscape Lower Plaque: Pecan Lane Rural Historic Landscape was added to the National Register of Historic Places on May 2, 2000. Pecan Lane played a significant part in the . . . — Map (db m27855) HM
Arizona (Yavapai County), Dewey — Historic Site of Orchard RanchHome of Sharlot Mabridth Hall — (1870-1943)
In 1890 James and Adeline Hall purchased 130 acres here above the junction of the Agua Fria River and Lynx Creek. The Halls named their homestead "Orchard Ranch" and, with the help of their children, Sharlot and Ted, produced apples and beef. . . . — Map (db m33059) HM
Arkansas (Benton County), Bella Vista — World War II Home Front

Following the sneak attack on Pearl Harbor on December 7, 1941, the massive American production might was mobilized. After that attack the production of most non-essential consumer goods was halted or curtailed, and manufacturing facilities . . . — Map (db m92187) HM

Arkansas (Benton County), Lowell — Canning Factory

January 1936, Tom Farish & Joe Steele started building a canning factory using a lot of donated labor. The first run of green beans was June 26, 1936, tomatoes July 22, 1936, followed by spinach and other products later on.

After Tom Farish . . . — Map (db m93283) HM

Arkansas (Chicot County), Lake Village — Italian Immigrants On Sunnyside Plantation
In 1895 Austin Corbin, a New York banker and land developer, working with immigration officials brought 100 families from north central Italy to grow cotton at Sunnyside, a plantation located between the Mississippi River and Lake Chicot. These . . . — Map (db m89774) HM
Arkansas (Lonoke County), Carlisle — William H. FullerFather of the Arkansas Rice Industry
In 1897 on the NW 1/4 Sect. 8 1N 7W Fuller planted the first rice on the Grand Prairie. The venture failed. Having learned about rice production in Louisiana, he returned for more information. In 1903 he returned to Lonoke County. The citizens of . . . — Map (db m96636) HM
Arkansas (Mississippi County), Osceola — Sans Souci
The 10,000-acre Sans Souci plantation established in 1854 by John Harding McGavock, served as a Civil War hospital as the Union fleet docked across from the home. In addition to farming cotton, much acreage was devoted to hunting deer, bear, and . . . — Map (db m36298) HM
California (Alameda County), Berkeley — Site of John Hinkel Livery Stable, 1900Berkeley Farm Creamery Complex — F.E. Armstrong, Contractor, 1910
City of Berkeley Landmark designated in 1998 By 1900, downtown Berkeley had developed around Shattuck Avenue, its main street. On this site, owned by John Hinkel, stood a brick livery stable run by John Fitzpatrick, the early operator of the . . . — Map (db m54346) HM
California (Alameda County), Fremont — Ardenwood Historic Farm / George Washington Patterson Ranch
. . . — Map (db m28825) HM
California (Alameda County), Fremont — 642 — Leland Stanford Winery
This winery was founded in 1869 by Leland Stanford. Railroad builder, Governor of California, United States Senator, and founder of Stanford University. The vineyard, planted by his brother Josiah Stanford, helped to prove that wines equal to any in . . . — Map (db m31398) HM
California (Alameda County), Hayward — The Meek Mansion
Built in 1869 by William Meek, a pioneer of commercial agriculture, the mansion is characteristic of the affluent agricultural society of the Victorian era in California. The estate is on the site of the former Rancho San Lorenzo. This area . . . — Map (db m94558) HM
California (Alameda County), Livermore — 641 — Concannon Vineyards
Here, in 1883, James Concannon founded the Concannon Vineyard. The quality it achieved in Sacramental and commercial wines helped establish Livermore Valley as one of America’s select wine growing districts. Grape cuttings from this vineyard were . . . — Map (db m31397) HM
California (Alameda County), Livermore — 586 — Cresta Blanca Winery
Here, Charles A. Wetmore planted his vineyard in 1882. The Cresta Blanca wine he made from its fruit won for California the first international award. The highest honor at the 1889 Paris Exposition. First bringing assurance to California wine . . . — Map (db m52090) HM
California (Alameda County), Livermore — 241 — Robert LivermoreFirst Settler of Livermore Valley
Born in England 1799 – Died Rancho Las Positas 1858; Arrived in Monterey 1822. Married Josepa Hicutera y Puentas 1830. Settled on Rancho Las Positas 1835. “Next to the Mission Padres, he was the first man to engage himself in the . . . — Map (db m31410) HM
California (Alameda County), Livermore — 957 — Wente Bros. Winery
Here the first Wente Vineyards of 47 acres was established by C.H. Wente in 1883. In 1935 his sons, Ernest and Herman, introduced California’s first varietal wine label, Sauvignon Blanc. The efforts of the Wente family have helped to establish the . . . — Map (db m31408) HM
California (Alameda County), Pleasanton — 510 — Alviso AdobeAlviso Adobe Community Park
Built in 1854, the Alviso Adobe is one of the few adobe structures remaining in the Bay Area. Declared a California Historic Landmark in 1954, the building stands relatively unmodified since the 1920s. The adobe was in continuous use from 1854 . . . — Map (db m24616) HM
California (Alameda County), Pleasanton — Meadowlark Dairy - The Dairy SiloAlviso Adobe Community Park
At roughly 45 feet high, the Meadowlark Dairy silo was a distinctive visual landmark. This circular paving marks the silo’s approximate location. The original silo and barn were much larger. Silage, fodder for animals, is created by partially . . . — Map (db m24663) HM
California (Alameda County), Pleasanton — Meadowlark Dairy – Dairy BunkhouseAlviso Adobe Community Park
There were once many buildings on the Meadowlark Dairy complex. One important building was a place for the ranch hands and workers to sleep and socialize. This bunkhouse is a smaller version of the one that was at the dairy. The current Foothill . . . — Map (db m24665) HM
California (Alameda County), Pleasanton — Meadowlark Dairy – Dairy Manager’s HouseAlviso Adobe Community Park
These low boundary walls show the approximate location of the Meadowlark Dairy manager’s house. The dairy manager played an important role in day-to-day operations. His house had a kitchen, living room, office and bedrooms. A half-cellar under the . . . — Map (db m24671) HM
California (Alameda County), San Leandro — San Leandro – Cherry Festivals
West side of marker: San Leandro’s farmers expected a bumper crop of cherries in 1909. Why not celebrate and promote the city and one of its wonderful crops? The first cherry festival took place that spring. The Oakland . . . — Map (db m26458) HM
California (Alameda County), Union City — 768 — Site of the Nation’s First Successful Beet Sugar Factory
The factory was built in 1870 by E. H. Dyer, “Father of the American Beet Sugar Industry.” Located on a corner of Dyer’s farm, the small factory began processing sugarbeets on November 15, 1870 and produced 293 tons of sugar during its . . . — Map (db m31402) HM
California (Amador County), Ione — Scully Ranch
Property settled by J. P. Martin in 1848. Home built circa 1852. Purchased in 1882 by William Scully, who arrived from Ireland in 1854. The Scully family has owned and operated the ranch for five generations. Present owners are Robert and Etta . . . — Map (db m42398) HM
California (Amador County), Jackson — University of California Foothill Field Station1888 – 1903
The Foothill Station became the first University of California qualifying outlying station funded jointly by federal, state and local county sources in March 1888. The station was developed under the patronage of Senator A. Caminetti of Jackson. . . . — Map (db m72065) HM
California (Amador County), Pine Grove — Chaw'seThe Grinding Rock
Chaw’se is the Miwok word for a mortar hole. The cup-shaped depression in a grinding rock was used to process acorns and other seeds into food by pounding and grinding with a cobblestone pestle.      The hole or chaw’se began as a . . . — Map (db m71895) HM
California (Amador County), Plymouth — Shenandoah ValleySince 1852
Dedicated to the early Shenandoah Valley pioneers & their descendants. They mined gold & produced grain, livestock, orchards & vineyards in these rolling hills. Nearby are the old school, used for 100 years, and now a social center, and the cemetery . . . — Map (db m10639) HM
California (Butte County), Chico — 329 — Rancho Del Arroyo Chico
A vast expanse covering 26,000 acres, Rancho Chico was purchased in 1849-50 by John Bidwell. In 1865 he began construction of the mansion nearby, which in time became the social and cultural center of the upper Sacramento Valley. It was through his . . . — Map (db m29615) HM
California (Butte County), Oroville — CHL 1043 — Mother Orange Tree of Butte County
Judge Joseph Lewis planted this Mediterranean Sweet Orange seedling near the toll bridge at Bidwell’s Bar, Butte County, California in 1856. It has survived hard times and is the oldest living orange tree in California. “From its example and . . . — Map (db m61600) HM
California (Butte County), Oroville — 1043 — Northern California's Oldest Citrus TreeSweet Mother Orange and Her Seeds
Imported from Mazatlan, Mexico, the Mother Orange Tree was purchased on the streets of Sacramento when it was only a 2 to 3 year-old seedling in a tub. She was planted in 1856 and quickly grew into a California legend. The leafy greens of her robust . . . — Map (db m62787) HM
California (Butte County), Oroville — CHL 314 — The Mother Orange Tree of Butte CountyBidwell Bar Bridge
. . . — Map (db m61594) HM
California (Calaveras County), Jenny Lind — 266 — Jenny Lind
Settled in the 1840’s as a flourishing gold mining, cattle ranching and farming community. — Map (db m13040) HM
California (Colusa County), Arbuckle — Arbuckle
In 1859 Tacitus Ryland Arbuckle located a homestead in the Sacramento Valley, and in 1875 had the land plotted for a town site. The legendary Arbuckle founded the town, deeded the lots, furnished the nails, and helped build the first houses in what . . . — Map (db m54548) HM
California (Contra Costa County), Alamo — Whitegate Farm
Since 1856 Built by Charles and Nathaniel Howard Owner Ray L. Donahue — Map (db m93990) HM
California (Contra Costa County), Antioch — The McCoy Cook House
This little house built by the McCoy's in 1861, at their ranch on the side of Kirker Pass, served as their first home. As time passed and the ranch became established, a much larger farmhouse was built for the family. It was then that the 2 room . . . — Map (db m93574) HM
California (Contra Costa County), Brentwood — Byer/Nail House
This house, which serves as the museum for the East Contra Costa Historical Society, was originally built by Johnson and Elizabeth Fancher in 1878. In the early 1880's the Fanchers sold the house and surrounding acreage to John and Letitia Byer. In . . . — Map (db m94652) HM
California (Contra Costa County), Clayton — Clayton
Miwok Indians inhabited this valley at the base of Mt. Diablo when Spanish explorers came in the 1770’s. Scouts, trappers, prospectors and settlers followed. In 1857 Clayton was founded by Joel Clayton, a miner, farmer, and wagonmaster from . . . — Map (db m59954) HM
California (Contra Costa County), Clayton — De Martini Winery
Paul De Martini built Clayton Vineyards Winery in 1885 on land formerly owned by Joel Clayton, the area’s first vintner. An Austrian stone mason directed construction, using stone quarried on Mount Diablo and hauled here by wagon teams. This was the . . . — Map (db m60033) HM
California (Contra Costa County), El Cerrito — Farms and Dairies
El Cerrito was once a town of farms and dairies. The mild weather, lush fields, and many creeks coming down from the hills made for excellent dairy farming. Over the years, there have been about 25 dairies located in El Cerrito. — Map (db m94131) HM
California (Contra Costa County), El Sobrante — Dairy Country
El Sobrante never attracted heavy industry. Probably the largest commercial enterprise in the town was the S.P. Skow & Sons Dairy, which supplied milk in Richmond and surrounding towns. For most of that time, the dairy was located on Clark Road, . . . — Map (db m94273) HM
California (Contra Costa County), El Sobrante — Ranchos to Ranches
El Sobrante gets its name from Rancho El Sobrante, "surplus land situated between existing ranchos that in 1841 was granted by the government of Mexico to brothers Juan Jose and Victor Castro. Curiously, El Sobrante's downtown is actually within . . . — Map (db m94305) HM
California (Contra Costa County), Martinez — 511 — The Vicente Martinez Adobe - 1849
Vicente Martínez was born in Santa Barbara on August 18, 1818, the second son of Don Ygnacio and Martina de Arellano Martínez who were married in the Presidio Chapel at Santa Barbara 1802. Don Ygnacio Martínez was a Spanish officer at San Diego and . . . — Map (db m50827) HM
California (Contra Costa County), Pleasant Hill — Rodgers Ranch
Patrick Rodgers left Ireland for America C. 1843 at the age of 10, without his family. In 1855, he arrived in California for the Gold Rush. In 1868, he and his wife, Mary Ann, bought this 149-acre site to grow wheat. The Rodgers, along with eight . . . — Map (db m99625) HM
California (Contra Costa County), Walnut Creek — Broad Spreader of Seed Spreader WagonManure Spreader
Used for sowing seeds in the fields. Most early farm machinery were Rube Goldberg-like contraptions. When the wagon wheels turned, the gears fastened to them turned other gears. — Map (db m93982) HM
California (Contra Costa County), Walnut Creek — Farmall Tractor - c. 1925"A New Era in Power Farming"
First model built by International Harvester in 1924. Designed to cultivate or weed between rows. Instead of the traditional side-mounted flywheel to which a belt was attached to run machinery, the Farmall had what was known as a "power take-off," a . . . — Map (db m93979) HM
California (El Dorado County), Coloma — Mining Ditches
Mining ditches were dug by ditch companies to carry vast amounts of water needed for placer mining. Thousands of miles of ditches and flumes were built in the gold country; some brought immense profits to their owners. As mining declined in the . . . — Map (db m17484) HM
California (El Dorado County), Coloma — Monroe Family Homestead
The home of the pioneer Monroe family stood here for more than a century. The family matriarch, Nancy Gooch, came across the plains from Missouri as a slave in 1849. She gained her freedom in 1850 when California joined the Union as a . . . — Map (db m17455) HM
California (El Dorado County), Gold Hill — 815 — Wakamatsu Tea and Silk Farm Colony
Site of the only tea and silk farm established in California. First agricultural settlement of pioneer Japanese immigrants who arrived at Gold Hill on June 8, 1869. Despite the initial success, it failed to prosper. It marked the beginning of . . . — Map (db m76181) HM
California (Fresno County), Coalinga — Crescent Meat Co.1905 – 1968
Jacob Zwang was born in Sennefeld, Baden Germany and migrated to the United States in 1896 at the age of 16 years. He arrived at 2:00 o’clock in the morning and was met by his uncle Moses Levy, and cousin Albert Levy. This was the start of a . . . — Map (db m64061) HM
California (Fresno County), Easton — 35 — Easton / Washington Union High School District
[Side A:] Easton In 1878, O.W. Easton and J.P. Whitney, San Francisco entrepreneurs, bought a total of 12 sections of land in this area (7680 acres), formed the Washington Irrigated Colony and began selling 20-acre farms. Allen T. . . . — Map (db m28011) HM
California (Fresno County), Fresno — 916 — Forestiere Underground Gardens
Here, beneath the hot, arid surface of the San Joaquin Valley, Baldasare Forestiere (1879-1946) began in the early 1900's to sculpt a fantastic retreat. Excavating the hardpan by hand, he created a unique complex of underground rooms, passages and . . . — Map (db m41003) HM
California (Fresno County), Fresno — Fresno
"Fresno" is the Spanish word for "Ash Tree." The first settlement to which the name was applied was "Fresno City," a station on the old Butterfield Stage Route located on Fresno Slough about one and one-half miles northwesterly from the present . . . — Map (db m41007) HM
California (Fresno County), Fresno — Honoring the Ex-Braceros and Their ContributionsHonoramos los Ex-Braceros y Sus Contribuciones — 1942 - 1964
During and after World War II, nearly 5,000,000 contracted braceros came to work in agriculture and on the railroads, the majority in California and the San Joaquin Valley, under U.S. and Mexican Treaty, demonstrating their patriotism . . . — Map (db m41067) HM
California (Fresno County), Fresno — 20 — Moses J. Church
The Father of Fresno Irrigation. He was born in New York State in 1819, became a blacksmith and emigrated to California in 1852. He came to Fresno County in 1868 and employed by A. Y. Easterby, built the first irrigation system for lush fields of . . . — Map (db m71793) HM
California (Fresno County), Sanger — 25 — Kings River
Its waters made possible the irrigation of a million fertile acres, despite a 39 year battle over water rights. From 1882 forward, 150 lawsuits were filed and early irrigators often used armed force to open headgates to water their crops. L. A. . . . — Map (db m27996) HM
California (Fresno County), Sanger — 38 — William "Yank" Hazelton1824 -1906
"Yank" Hazelton, son of Joseph, a blacksmith, and Sophia Cleveland, was born in Coeyman, N.Y., in 1824. He emigrated to California through San Diego in 1853. He settled on this site and homesteaded this land in November, 1857, with his wife of 2 . . . — Map (db m28069) HM
California (Fresno County), Selma — 30 — Groundwater Irrigation Beginnings
[Marker Front:] Groundwater Irrigation Beginnings The San Joaquin Valley's groundwater reservoir was first tapped with a practical pumping plant 4 miles northeast of here on Dec. 12, 1894. William De La Grange of Selma, tired of . . . — Map (db m28594) HM
California (Fresno County), Selma — Libby, McNeill and Libby Cannery
On this 6 1/4 acre site, Libby, McNeill and Libby opened the San Joaquin Valley's largest cannery on July 18, 1911, less than four hectic months after the site was acquired and construction plans were announced. The initial construction cost was . . . — Map (db m52240) HM
California (Humboldt County), Ferndale — 883 — Ferndale
This pioneer agricultural community, settled in 1852, helped feed the booming population of mid-century San Francisco. Long known as “Cream City,” Ferndale made innovative and lasting contributions to the dairy industry. Local . . . — Map (db m1557) HM
California (Humboldt County), Ferndale — The First California Central Creamery
This site, originally R.A. Simpson's Ferndale Mechanical Shop, and shared by A. Monroe Cider and Vinegar Company, was chosen in 1904 by Aage Jensen as the founding location of the Central Creamery with first production of butter in September, . . . — Map (db m65235) HM
California (Imperial County), El Centro — McConnell RanchEstablished 1908
In 1908 Hardy McConnell and son, Leslie, (A Native Son) left Temescal Canyon, near Corona, enroute to settle in Imperial Valley, driving two teams of horses pulling wagons, hauling farm implements, chickens and leading a cow. Fourteen days later . . . — Map (db m81635) HM
California (Imperial County), Imperial — Imperial Irrigation District
The largest gravity fed irrigation district in the western hemisphere, established in 1911. They later assumed control of several water companies and were instrumental in getting the Hoover Dam and the All American Canal built. They commenced . . . — Map (db m62035) HM
California (Inyo County), Keeler — Owens Lake Dust Mitigation Program
Owens Lake was once over 300 feet deep and part of a large ancient freshwater lake. As the climate changed over centuries, the lake began to dry up leaving behind concentrated minerals and salts. By 1905, diversion of water by farmers in the Owens . . . — Map (db m72575) HM
California (Inyo County), Lone Pine — Alabama Gates
The Alabama Gates and gate house were constructed in 1913 when the Los Angeles Aqueduct was built to dewater the aqueduct when maintenance is necessary. On November 16, 1924, seventy or more local citizens seized the aqueduct at the Alabama Gates . . . — Map (db m93252) HM
California (Inyo County), Tecopa — China Ranch
In the 1890's a Chinese man named Ah Foo came to this canyon from the Borax Works in Death Valley. He developed a successful ranch, raising livestock, hay, fruits and vegetables to help feed the local silver miners and their draft animals. The . . . — Map (db m72929) HM
California (Kern County), Bakersfield — Kern River Flour Mills
In 1871 Horatio P. Livermore and William Muehe built the Kern River Flour Mills on the Kern Island Canal. Muehe sold his interest to Fordyce Roper in 1874 and Livermore to James B. Haggin in 1879, who also acquired Roper's interest in 1884. The . . . — Map (db m53243) HM
California (Kern County), Bakersfield — Miller and Lux Survey Office
Large scale farming and ranching was needed to supply the restaurants and grocery stores in fast-growing cities like San Francisco and Los Angeles in the late 1800s. Henry Miller and Charles Lux purchased large areas of land throughout . . . — Map (db m25309) HM
California (Kern County), Bakersfield — The Barn
This barn, used to feed and harness teams of horses, was originally located at 1606 “R” Street in Bakersfield. Four horses could be fed and harnessed inside this barn. Chopped hay, stored in the barn’s loft, was lowered . . . — Map (db m25642) HM
California (Kern County), Shafter — 1022 — Shafter Cotton Research Station
The Shafter Cotton Research Station, established here in 1922 by the U.S. Department of Agriculture, developed the "Acala" varieties which were exceptionally well suited to the San Joaquin Valley. The quality of the acala cottons and the marketing . . . — Map (db m52055) HM
California (Lake County), Clearlake Oaks — Ranch House
Considered by some to be the oldest dwelling in Lake County, the Ranch House was built in the 1850’s to 1860’s. It was associated with the earliest settlement of High Valley and beginnings of agriculture in Lake County. It is a one and one half . . . — Map (db m26738) HM
California (Los Angeles County), Los Angeles — San Antonio WinerySince 1917
For nearly a century, the San Antonio Winery has been the heart of winemaking culture in Los Angeles. The winery's founder Santo Cambianica left his home, Berzo San Fermo, in Lombardy, Italy in 1910. Then in 1917 he founded his company on the . . . — Map (db m94904) HM
California (Los Angeles County), Rancho Palos Verdes — Site of the First Japanese American Farm on the Palos Verdes Peninsula
This site was designated a Point of Historical Interest at a meeting in regular session on May 1, 1992 in Sacramento. It particularly honors Kumekichi Ishibashi, who built the first Japanese-American farmhouse in 1906. He was born in Japan and came . . . — Map (db m31245) HM
California (Los Angeles County), San Fernando — César Chávez Memorial — March 31, 1927 - April 23, 1993
Panel 1: “Show me the suffering of the most miserable So I will know my people’s plight.” “Free me to pray for others For you are present in every person.” “Help me take responsibility for my . . . — Map (db m79107) HM
California (Los Angeles County), Whittier — 681 — Paradox Hybrid Walnut Tree
Planted in 1907 as an experiment for the University of California. — Map (db m50978) HM
California (Marin County), Novato — Camilo Ynitia’s Adobe
A shingled shed now protects the ruins of Camilo Ynitia’s adobe home from further weather damage. Dating from the late 1830’s this structure represents a period when the Wiwok were abandoning their traditional dwellings in favor of more sheltered . . . — Map (db m12105) HM
California (Marin County), Novato — Galen and Mary Burdell
In 1852, Camilo Ynitia sold most of the Olompali land grant for $5,200 to James Black, Marin County’s Assessor. Eleven years later, Black gave the property to his daughter, Mary, when she married prominent San Francisco dentist Galem Burdell. By . . . — Map (db m12169) HM
California (Marin County), Novato — Marin French Cheese Company
This site is part of Corte Madera de Novato granted by Governor Juan Alvarado to John Martin in 1840. Purchased by Jefferson A. Thompson in 1865. A working ranch and cheese making family of five generations, that continued to make the world famous . . . — Map (db m78066) HM
California (Marin County), Novato — Rancho Olompali
Rancho Olompali was home to three generations of Burdells from 1866 to 1943. For the following five years the new owner, Court Harrington, used the property to raise purebred beef. In 1948, the building was converted to a religious retreat when the . . . — Map (db m85929) HM
California (Marin County), Tomales — Warren Dutton House - Tomales Community Park
Warren Dutton, (1823-1903) co-founder of Tomales, came here from the gold fields in 1852, staked a claim to what is now known as Upper Town, and became partners with John Keys. Within a few years the relationship deteriorated, but the bitter rivalry . . . — Map (db m54784) HM
California (Mariposa County), Cathey's Valley — Cathey's Valley
[This marker is composed of several panels] [Left Panel:] Origin of the Name of Cathey’s Valley In 1739, the Catheys immigrated from Clones, Ireland to America. Andrew D. Cathey a native of North Carolina, his wife Mary Mariah . . . — Map (db m46839) HM
California (Merced County), Los Banos — Henry MillerJuly 21, 1827 - October 14, 1916
There is one description of Henry Miller, California's cattle king, that sums up his contributions to this community: Henry Miller - Founding Father of Los Banos. Born 1827 in Brackenheim, Kingdom of Wurtemberg, Germany, Miller left the family . . . — Map (db m41164) HM
California (Mono County), Lee Vining — De Chambeau Ranch
With the discovery of gold in the Mono Basin in the mid 19th century, ranches and farmsteads were established to supply fresh meat, dairy products, and produce to the mining communities of Bodie, Aurora, and Lundy. The De Chambeau Ranch provided . . . — Map (db m89324) HM
California (Mono County), Lee Vining — From Scrubland to Ranchland
It took hard work, but homesteaders and settlers who came from Canada, Europe, Asia and other parts of the United States scraped a living from this tough land. Many had come to the Eastern Sierra in the 1870s and 1880s seeking riches from mining . . . — Map (db m89326) HM
California (Mono County), Lee Vining — The De Chamber Family
Drawn to California by gold, Louis W. (L.W) De Chambeau's father moved to Bodie from Ontario, Canada, in 1878; L.W. followed two years later when he was 18 along with other members of their French-Canadian family. L.W. purchased the ranch from . . . — Map (db m89325) HM
California (Monterey County), King City — Wind Power
“The mouth of this valley opens into Monterey Bay, like a funnel, and the northwest wind from the Pacific draws up through this heated flue with terrible force. Sometimes the wind would nearly sweep us from our mules – it seemed nothing . . . — Map (db m64414) HM
California (Monterey County), Monterey — Local Railway Led the Way to America's Salad Bowl.
The Railroad was critical to the development of the Salinas Valley's agriculture industry. As depicted in John Steinbeck's East of Eden, the advent of refrigerated rail meant that lettuce grown in the Salinas Valley could be transported coast to . . . — Map (db m83322) HM
California (Monterey County), Soledad — Cesar Chavez ParkIn Commemoration and Appreciation — Dedicated on March 31, 2008
"Preservation of one's own culture does not require contempt or disrespect of other cultures." Cesar E. Chavez (1927-1993) Cesar Chavez was a Mexican American Labor leader & cofounder of the United Farm Worker (UFW). Cesar Chavez was . . . — Map (db m26874) HM
California (Napa County), Calistoga — 359 — Bale Grist Mill
This historic grist mill known as the “Bale Mill” was erected by Dr. E.T. Bale, Grantee Carne Humana Rancho, in 1846. The mill with its surrounding land was deeded to the Native Sons of the Golden West by Mrs. W.W. Lyman. Restored . . . — Map (db m18672) HM
California (Napa County), Calistoga — 561 — Schramsberg
Founded in 1862 by Jacob Schram. This was the first hillside winery of the Napa Valley. Robert Louis Stevenson, visiting here in 1880, devoted a chapter of his “Silverado Squatters” to Schramsberg and its wines. Ambrose Bierce and Lilly . . . — Map (db m52168) HM
California (Napa County), Napa — Cutting's Wharf
Francis Cutting was born in Lowell, Massachusetts in 1834 and arrived in San Francisco in 1858. After establishing himself in the fruit packing business he sought to expand operations to fruit growing as well and looked here for a wharf site and . . . — Map (db m54605) HM
California (Napa County), Napa — Hay Barn 1959
The Hay Barn was constructed in 1959 after an earlier hay barn building burned in the 1958 inferno. The building was rebuilt to allow sunken drive through access for hay trucks through the Main Street opening. The building is constructed of a myriad . . . — Map (db m92488) HM
California (Napa County), Napa — John Moyer PatchettPioneer Winemaker, 1797-1876
Near this site in 1856, John M. Patchett, native of England, opened the first commercial winery in the Napa Valley. Patchett's Grove Winery produced over 6,000 gallons of wine shipped to fine restaurants in San Francisco. The vineyard extended from . . . — Map (db m91340) HM
California (Napa County), Napa — Silo Building 1932
Napa Milling Company demolished earlier buildings to construct this building in 1932 which was later to include the 84' tall silos constructed in 1944 and the hoppers placed in 1965. The Silo Building was home to the egg candling operation. The big . . . — Map (db m92489) HM
California (Napa County), St. Helena — 814 — Beringer Brothers Winery
Built by Frederick and Jacob Beringer, natives of Mainz, Germany. This winery has the unique distinction of never having ceased operations since its founding in 1876. Here, in the European tradition, were dug underground wine tunnels hundreds of . . . — Map (db m18734) HM
California (Napa County), St. Helena — Cesare Mondavi 1883 – 1959
Cesare Mondavi, an Italian immigrant, settled first in Minnesota in 1908. After a brief career in the iron mines, he opened a saloon. In 1922 he moved his family to California’s Central Valley, where he became an independent fruit shipper, sending . . . — Map (db m18701) HM
California (Napa County), St. Helena — Charles Krug 1825 - 1892
Charles Krug, a Prussian immigrant with controversial political beliefs for which he was briefly jailed, finally arrived in San Francisco in 1852. He likely came with no grape-growing or winemaking experience, but his insight, thirst, and inherent . . . — Map (db m54535) HM
California (Napa County), St. Helena — 563 — Charles Krug Winery
Founded in 1861 by Charles Krug (1825 – 1892). This is the oldest operating winery in Napa Valley. The pioneer wine maker of this world famous wine region, Krug made the first commercial wine in Napa County in 1858, at Napa. — Map (db m18693) HM
California (Napa County), St. Helena — Larkmead Winery / Kornell Cellars
Felix Salmina arrived from Switzerland in the 1860’s and in 1892 purchased this winery that had been established in 1884 by Lillian Hitchcock Coit. Felix converted the winery into a larger facility using stone quarried from nearby hills and expanded . . . — Map (db m18601) HM
California (Napa County), St. Helena — Nichelini Vineyard
Placed to commemorate the founding of the Nichelini Winery in 1890 by Anton Nichelini. Here on the southern slope of Sage Canyon he and his wife Caterina built their home and winery and raised twelve children. Ownership passed to eldest son, . . . — Map (db m54839) HM
California (Orange County), Anaheim — Helena Modjeska
This statue is the oldest public works of art project of its type in Orange County. Sponsored by the State Emergency Relief Administration, the Anaheim Rotary Club and the City of Anaheim, it was originally dedicated on September 15, 1935. . . . — Map (db m51967) HM
California (Orange County), Anaheim — 201 — Mother Colony House
First house built in Anaheim, 1857, by George Hanson, founder "The Mother Colony", group selecting name given settlement. This German group left San Francisco to form grape growing colony. Southern California Vineyards became largest in California . . . — Map (db m50119) HM
California (Orange County), Fountain Valley — 18 — Callens Home
Rene and Virginie Callens came here in 1910. He developed and farmed 60 acres. Present home of son Joseph R. Callens and family. — Map (db m59757) HM
California (Orange County), Fountain Valley — 20 — Gisler Home
Robert and Anna Gisler came here in 1903. On 220 acres, he started a dairy herd, cleared the land, and then farmed it. A home was built near here in 1912. — Map (db m59758) HM
California (Orange County), Fountain Valley — 28 — Rancho Lucero
In 1944, Frank and Dolores Lucero purchased 40 acres at this intersection. They previously farmed in Seal Beach. Dolores didn't want to leave the house so it was moved to this location while Dolores and a few kids were inside. — Map (db m59554) HM
California (Orange County), Fountain Valley — 19 — Talbert Drainage District
Local landowners gave Sam Talbert the job of draining "Gospel Swamp." He built a river levee, and dredged huge ditches on the east side of all major roads that ran south to the ocean. — Map (db m59489) HM
California (Orange County), Fountain Valley — 10 — Talbert Home
Sam and Hattie Talbert came here in 1897. He built a river levee and huge ditches so that the land would drain to permit regular farming. — Map (db m59740) HM
California (Orange County), Fountain Valley — 8 — The Bluff
Site of home of Roch and Magdalena Courreges who came here in 1878. He farmed 80 acres of bluff and lower land. Present Home of grandson, Joe and his Family. — Map (db m59058) HM
California (Orange County), Westminster — Warne Family Barn
. . . — Map (db m59908) HM
California (Orange County), Yorba Linda — 40 — Irrigation in Orange County
Water from the Santa Ana River was largely responsible for the transformation of this arid valley into productive agricultural land. Irrigation companies in Orange County were in operation as early as the 1860s. The two largest were the Santa Ana . . . — Map (db m59529) HM
California (Placer County), Auburn — Claude Chana
Adventurer and first fruit rancher in Placer County. In 1848 he found gold in the Auburn Ravine, which led to the settlement of a mining camp that later became Auburn. Lord Sholto Douglas Ch. 3 E Clampus Vitus 1975. — Map (db m686) HM
California (Placer County), Auburn — Travelers’ Rest (Bernhard Complex)
Travelers’ Rest Stage Roadhouse constructed 1851. Benjamin Bernhard, native of Hesse-Cassel, Germany, arrived Auburn 1852, purchased surrounding 30 acres 1868. Developed high level vineyard and orchard cultivation and pioneered experimental silkworm . . . — Map (db m690) HM
California (Plumas County), Beckwourth — Sierra Valley History
This marker is made up of four panels. They are presented left to right. Agriculture in Sierra Valley A few years after James Beckwourth settled on what he called the War Horse Ranch just west of here in 1852, more ranches and farms . . . — Map (db m66179) HM
California (Plumas County), Chester — Baccala Ranch
Baccala Ranch located here in Soldier Meadows was homesteaded in 1858 by Baptiste Baccala. A dairy where butter and cheese were produced from 1882 – 1915, and the ranch, are still intact and owned by the Italian – Swiss Family Baccala. — Map (db m66115) HM
California (Plumas County), Chester — Stump Ranch
Stump Ranch, a stage stop on the Red Bluff – Susanville Wagon Road, was also the road’s caretaker. It may have changed hands in an 1890’s poker game. The name arose after 1880’s logging left a field of stumps. So it could be recorded as swamp . . . — Map (db m56746) HM
California (Plumas County), Cromberg — Jackson, Ross, Tefft and Dempsey Memorial
Dedicated to the Memory of General Jackson, a ‘49er, after whom Jackson Peak and Jackson Creek were named, and first owner of the Haddick Ranch. Also, Ephiram Ross and L.V. Tefft, later owners of the Tefft Ranch, now the Haddrick Ranch. Also, . . . — Map (db m56613) HM
California (Plumas County), East Shore — Hamilton Dairy
The Hamilton Dairy opened in Big Meadows in 1860. In 1910 Canyon Dam was built, then filled in 1914, creating Lake Almanor. This milkhouse was then moved here out of the meadows above lake level. The Hamilton and Holmes families used the milk to . . . — Map (db m66080) HM
California (Plumas County), Meadow Valley — CHL 481 — Spanish Ranch
Named for two Mexicans who began a horse ranch here in 1850. — Map (db m56550) HM
California (Riverside County), Blythe — 948 — Blythe Intake
On July 17, 1877, Thomas Blythe, a San Francisco financier, filed the first legal claim for Colorado River water rights. Oliver Callaway planned a diversion dam and canal which opened in 1877 to irrigate the Palo Verde Valley. This made possible the . . . — Map (db m50678) HM
California (Riverside County), Blythe — Palo Verde Irrigation District Diversion Dam1957 – 2007
Dedicated to the many pioneers that recognized the potential and value to our Valley of a gravity irrigation system, and the sacrifices made obtaining it. In particular, to honor the following three persons, whose contributions uniquely . . . — Map (db m39444) HM
California (Riverside County), Fontana — 93 — Fontana Farms CompanyCamp No. 1, Foreman's Ranch House — In Operation, 1905-1941
Joe McKamie alerted Fontana Historical Society about Camp. Ora Scott provided interest free loan of $10,000 and City of Fontana gave down payment of $3,000 to save house. Society acquired ownership title to house on November 22, 1978. Restoration . . . — Map (db m50717) HM
California (Riverside County), Mira Loma — 66 — Galleano Winery
The Galleano Winery is the oldest winemaking operation in Riverside County. In 1927 Domenico Galleano pruchased the ranch from Col. Esteban Cantu, Governor of Baja California (1915-1920), including this house which dates from the 1890s. The barn, . . . — Map (db m50714) HM
California (Riverside County), Riverside — 943 — Jensen-Alvarado Ranch
Danish sea captain Cornelius Jensen sailed to San Francisco during the Gold Rush to sell his cargo. In 1854 he settled in Agua Mansa, established a store, and married Mercedes Alvarado, a descendant of a pioneer Californio family. The Jensens . . . — Map (db m50685) HM
California (Riverside County), Riverside — 20 — Parent Washington Navel Orange Tree
To honor Mrs. Eliza Tibbets, and to commend her good work in planting at Riverside in 1873 The First Washington Navel Orange Trees in California, native to Bahia Brazil, proved the most valuable fruit introduction yet made . . . — Map (db m50991) HM
California (Riverside County), Riverside — The First Marsh Grapefruit Trees into California
To Commemorate the introduction of the first Marsh Grapefruit Trees into California, brought to Riverside from Lakeland, Florida in 1890 by Twogood and Cutter, pioneer nurserymen, and to honor J.E. Cutter who planted here one of those first trees. — Map (db m82144) HM
California (Sacramento County), Folsom — Leidesdorff Plaza
Dedicated to the memory of WILLIAM ALEXANDER LEIDESDORFF Early California pioneer, civic leader, merchant, trader, and owner of 35,000 acre rancho “Rio de los Americanos” in the Folsom area. Born 1810 in Danish West . . . — Map (db m15617) HM
California (Sacramento County), Folsom — Natomas Consolidated of California
Natomas Company activities started in this area in 1857 with the acquisition of 9,000 acres from the Joseph L. Folsom estate. Early partners engaged in water, granite quarrying, agriculture, vineyards, gold mining, hydro-electric power and . . . — Map (db m705) HM
California (Sacramento County), Folsom — 633 — Original Folsom Hydroelectric Plant
In the 1850's, Horatio Gates Livermore and later his sons, Horatio P. and Charles E. pioneered the development of ditches and dams on the American River for industry and agriculture. One historic result was Folsom Power House, which began operations . . . — Map (db m706) HM
California (Sacramento County), Freeport — George Hack HouseState of California Point of Historical Interest
George Hack settled in the Sacramento River delta in 1855, seven years before the town of Freeport was established, and was a true pioneer farmer of the area. Hack operated a small dairy and grew a variety of crops on his ranch. His apricots, once . . . — Map (db m91789) HM
California (Sacramento County), Rancho Cordova — American River Grange #172
Organized March 1874 Dedicated October 1882 Presented by Native Daughters of the Golden West San Juan Parol #315 Rededicated 5-15-98 — Map (db m2033) HM
California (Sacramento County), Sacramento — Blue Diamond Building
This building, the former California Packing Corporation Plant #11, was added to the NATIONAL REGISTER OF HISTORIC PLACES in 1984 for its architecture and its place in California’s agriculture history. It was one of the last operating . . . — Map (db m11865) HM
California (Sacramento County), Sacramento — 967 — California Almond Growers ExchangeAlmond Processing Facility
The California Almond Growers Exchange founded in 1910, was first successful grower-owned co-operative for marketing California almonds. It pioneered in many fields, including almond production, mechanization and marketing. The first structure on . . . — Map (db m11862) HM
California (Sacramento County), Sacramento — Frasinetti’s Winery
James Frasinetti, an Italian immigrant, founded this winery in 1897. Frasinetti’s is the oldest family owned and operated wine producer in the Sacramento Valley. At its peak, the winery had over 400 acres of grapes. Today, grapes have . . . — Map (db m19410) HM
California (Sacramento County), Sacramento — New England Seed Store
On this site stood the store of James L. L. Warren, an influential center of agriculture during the Gold Rush. Here at the New England Seed Store, the camellia was first introduced into California in February, 1852 Camellia Official . . . — Map (db m11193) HM
California (San Bernardino County), Fontana — 950 — Site of U.S. Rabbit Experimental Station
In March 1928, the Federal Government established the first and only experimental station in the United States devoted solely to research on the breeding and raising of rabbits on a five-acre property donated by A. B. Miller of Fontana. The station . . . — Map (db m50670) HM
California (San Bernardino County), Hesperia — 1 — Las Flores Ranch / Mojave Trail
[This is a four sided monument with four different markers:] Side A: Las Flores Ranch Near this spot on March 25, 1866, Edwin Parrish, Nephi Bemis and Pratt Whiteside, young cowboys employed on this ranch, were ambushed, . . . — Map (db m50609) HM

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