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French and Indian War Markers
650 markers matched your search criteria. The first 250 markers are listed. Next 400
Newfoundland and Labrador (Division No. 1 (Avalon Peninsula)), Ferryland — The French Attack FerrylandLes Français attaquent Ferryland
English: This illustration depicts the burning of a house that once stood at this location and was excavated in the mid-1990s. The large stone fireplace foundation has been left as it was found. The rectangular depression marks the area where the wood frame dwelling once stood. Charred timbers, ash and burned artifacts all attest to the violent destruction of the dwelling. Artifacts from ruins indicate that the burning resulted from the French attack of Ferryland by sea in October . . . — Map (db m79472) HM
Newfoundland and Labrador (Division No. 1 (Avalon Peninsula)), Placentia — Castle Hill
English In 1693 the French began construction of Fort Royal to guard the harbour at Placentia. When it was completed in 1703, several batteries and outworks supported the main fortifications. The defences, however, were precariously maintained throughout the French régime. Never captured, Castle Hill was ceded to Great Britain by the Treaty of Utrecht in 1713 and subsequently neglected in favor of other defences. The fort has fallen into ruins by the beginning of the 19th century. . . . — Map (db m78917) HM
Newfoundland and Labrador (Division No. 1 (Avalon Peninsula)), St. John's — Battle of Signal HillLa bataille de Signal Hill
English This hill was the site of the decisive assault by British troops on the French lines, September 15, 1762, in the last phase of the battle in North America between the forces fo Great Britain and France. The victorious attack, led by Captain Charles Macdonell, compelled the French to surrender St. John’s to the British army under command of Colonel William Amherst and confirmed British possession the Island of Newfoundland. French Ici même se déroula final des . . . — Map (db m78938) HM
Nova Scotia (Annapolis County), Annapolis Royal — Captures of Port Royal1654 (&) 1710
In commemoration of the captures of Port Royal by New England expeditions under Maj. Robert Sedgwick 1654 and Colonel Francis Nicholson 1710. In this second expedition Col. Samuel Vetch was Adjutant-General. There were 36 transports, 4 ships of 60 guns each, 2 of 40 guns, 1 of 36 guns and 2 bomb galleys. The land forces were 1 regiment of marines, Col. Robert Reading, 2 regt. from Massachusetts under Col. Sir Chas. Hobby and Col. William Taylor, Col. Shadrach Walton’s New Hampshire Regt., Col. . . . — Map (db m78439) HM
Nova Scotia (Annapolis County), Annapolis Royal — Daniel Auger de Subercase
In memory of Daniel Auger de Subercase 1663-1732 Chevalier of the Military Order of St. Louis, last French commander of this fort and defender of Acadie. Honour to unsuccessful valour — Map (db m78442) HM
Nova Scotia (Annapolis County), Annapolis Royal — Duvivier AttackL’attaque de Duvivier
English In September 1744, French soldiers and Aboriginal warriors attacked this fort. The took advantage of the overcast and rainy weather to attack at night under cover of darkness, sometimes managing to slip onto the outer works of the fort. Night after night of harassment left the British fatigued, distracted and dispirited. The French commander, Captain Francois Du Pont Duvivier , would likely have taken the fort had his promised support arrived before the British reinforcements . . . — Map (db m78606) HM
Nova Scotia (Annapolis County), Annapolis Royal — Fort Anne, a Bastioned FortLe Fort Anne, fort à bastions
English Forts like this are called bastioned forts after one other principal pars - the bastion. The fort’s shape creates areas of crossfire which allow the land surrounding the fort to be moere easily defended. From the late 1600s to the 1800s, this type of fort was constructed at hundreds of locations throughout Europe and North America. French Les forts de ce type s’appellent des forts à bastions. Cet élément essentiel de leur conception, le bastion, permet de créer . . . — Map (db m78598) HM
Nova Scotia (Annapolis County), Annapolis Royal — Glebe LandsHistoric Lower Saint George Street
The modern-day market in Annapolis Royal sits on land that for much of the town’s history was church property. The earliest Roman Catholic Church, built of stone, was located next to the fort and destroyed following Sir William Phips’ capture of Port-Royal in 1690. Its cemetery and ruins were incorporated into the expanded fort after 1702. For more than a decade afterwards, church services were held in rented rooms in town. In 1704 the French government purchased this site from Captain . . . — Map (db m78720) HM
Nova Scotia (Annapolis County), Annapolis Royal — Jean Paul Mascarenec. 1694-1760
English A French Huguenot in the British army, Mascarene served here from 1710 to 1750. He was a member of the Council of Nova Scotia (1720-50), lieutenant-colonel of Philipps’ Regiment (1742-50), and administrator and commander in chief of the province (1740-49). Hampered by insufficient troops, a decaying fort and a lack of guidance from the authorities in England, he tried by persuasion and conciliation to ensure the neutrality of the Acadians. With the help of New England . . . — Map (db m78491) HM
Nova Scotia (Annapolis County), Annapolis Royal — Samuel Vetch
English Adjutant-General of the force under Colonel Francis Nicholson which captured Port Royal, Capital of Acadia, in 1710. First Governor and Commander-in-Chief. A notable figure in colonial history. An able soldier and administrator. With imperial vision he strove to extend the realm of Britain beyond the seas. French Adjudant-Général des troupes qui, sous le commandement du Colonel Francis Nicholson, capturèrent Port-Royal, Capitale de l’Acadie, en 1710. . . . — Map (db m78482) HM
Nova Scotia (Cape Breton Regional Municipality), Louisbourg — The Lobster FisheryLe pêche du homard
English: Between 15 May and 15 July the ocean in front of you is dotted with the buoys of the lobster fishery. The Mi’kmaq as well as the French and the English ate lobster and other shellfish during the 18th Century. During the 1754 siege of Louisbourg, diarist Benjamin Cleaves noted on 30 May: “Our men went to catch lobsters; caught 30.” The lobster fishery became a commercial operation in Atlantic Canada by the 1870’s. French: Du 15 mai au 15 juillet, . . . — Map (db m79941) HM
Nova Scotia (Cape Breton Regional Municipality), Louisbourg — Wolfe’s LandingLe débarquement de Wolfe
English: Here, 8th June, 1758, the men of Brigadier General James Wolfe’s brigade, after having been repulsed with heavy loss by the French troops entrenched westward made their gallant and successful landing. Thus began the operation which ended on 26th July by the capitulation of Louisbourg. French: Le 8 juin 1758, les soldats de la brigade du Général James Wolfe, après avoir été repoussés avec grandes pertes par les français retranchés à l’ouest assurèrent par . . . — Map (db m79938) HM
Nova Scotia (Cape Breton Regional Municipality.), Louisbourg — First Lighthouse Tower
English: On this site was erected by France, in 1731, the first Lighthouse Tower, constructed of fireproof materials, in North America. Near here the British erected batteries to silence the defensive works erected by France. In 1745, these batteries were commanded by Lt. Co. John Gorham; in 1758, by Brigadier General James Wolfe. French: Sur cet emplacement la France construisit, en 1731, le premier phare à l’épreuve du feu érigé en Amérique du Nord. Près . . . — Map (db m79967) HM
Nova Scotia (Cape Breton Regional Municipality.), Louisbourg — Fortress of LouisbourgLa forteresse de Louisbourg
English: In 1713, France decided to found Louisbourg to defend her colonial and maritime interests in North America. As capital of the colony of Isle Royale and guardian the Gulf of Saint. Lawrence, it became the most important French fishing and commercial center in North America. The fortress was besieged and captured by British forces in 1745 and again in 1758. Its fortifications were demolished in 1760. In 1928, Louisbourg was designated a National Historic Site. Its . . . — Map (db m79915) HM
Nova Scotia (Cape Breton Regional Municipality.), Louisbourg — French Garrison at Louisbourg
English: This tablet commemorated the valour and endurance displayed against overwhelming odds, by the French forces, who, in 1745 and again in 1758, garrisoned the defensive batteries on the Island opposite the entrance to the harbour of Louisbourg and facing this spot. French: Cette plaque est érigée en hommage à la bravoure et à l’endurance dont firent preuve, contre des troupes bien supérieures, les troupes françaises retranchées dans l’ile située en face de . . . — Map (db m79968) HM
Nova Scotia (Cape Breton Regional Municipality.), Louisbourg — French Naval Guns
French Naval Guns raised by the Dominion Coal Company in 1895 from the bottom of Louisburg Harbour and mounted at the Louisburg Railroad Station presented to the Fortress of Louisburg National Historic Site by the Dominion Steel and Coal Corporation Ltd. 1936 — Map (db m79988) HM
Nova Scotia (Cape Breton Regional Municipality.), Louisbourg — Lighthouse PointLa pointe du phare
English: During the 1745 and 1758 sieges the attackers built artillery batteries on Lighthouse Point to silence the Island Battery. This would have allowed warships to enter the harbour for a combined land and sea assault on the town. The besiegers landed cannon for the batteries at Gunlanding Cove, a kilometer to the left. The French abandoned a defensive battery built here in 1757 several days after the British landing at Kennington Cove on 8 June 1758. French: Au . . . — Map (db m79950) HM
Nova Scotia (Cape Breton Regional Municipality.), Louisbourg — The Siege LandingDébarquement des assiégeants
English: In both sieges the attackers made their initial landings in this cove. In 1745 the French defended the cove with only a small detachment but in 1757 they built and garrisoned extensive fieldworks here. The following year 1,000 French withstood an amphibious assault by 3,300 British until several boatloads of troops landed to the left of these defences and forced a French retreat. French: Lors des deux sièges, les attaquants débarquèrent en premier ici, dans . . . — Map (db m79939) HM
Nova Scotia (Halifax Regional Municipality), Halifax — The Grand DérangementGeorges Island - Halifax / Île Georges - Halifax
This monument/marker is made up of four panels, two in English and two in French. Each language has a panel dealing with The Grand Dérangement and Georges Island. On top is a large, round medallion featuring a map showing Acadian deportation routes. English The Grand Dérangement L’Acadie, established by France in 1604, was a strategically located and highly coveted colony. In 1713, it was handed over to England and renamed Nova Scotia. The foundation of Halifax, in . . . — Map (db m77625) HM
Nova Scotia (Kings County), Grand Pré — The Expulsion of the AcadiansLa déportation des Acadiens — (1755-1762)
English The expulsion of the Acadians began in 1755, on the eve of the Seven Years’ War. Frustrated with the neutrality of the Acadians who refused to swear an unconditional oath of allegiance to the Crown, British forces began the “grand dérangement.” Over the next eight years, more than 10,000 Acadians were dispersed throughout the American colonies, England and France. After the end of the war in 1763, many returned. They joined the small number of Acadians who had . . . — Map (db m78722) HM
Nova Scotia (Lunenburg County), Lunenburg — Merligueche
English This site known as the Old French Cemetery, is one of the few links to the Town’s Mi’kmaq and Acadian past. Known by the Mi’kmaq as Merligueche meaning whitecaps which topped the waves in the harbour, the name continued to be used by the French in the 17th and 18th centuries. Before the arrival of the French, the Mi’kmaq likely hunted food, fished and harvested wild berries in the area. The 1604 explorations of the south coast of what is now Nova Scotia by French explorers . . . — Map (db m78260) HM
Ontario (Brant County), Ohsweken — The Six Nations
English: Commemorating the loyal services and unswerving fidelity of the Six Nations of Iroquois Indians to the British Empire in the Seven Years War, 1755 - 1763, the War of the American Revolution, 1775 - 1783, and in the defence of Upper Canada in 1812 - 1814 and in 1837- 38. French: Par leurs loyaux services et leur fidélité inébranlable durant la guerre de Sept ans, 1755-1763, la guerre de la Révolution américaine, 1775-1783 et dans la défense du Haut-Canada, . . . — Map (db m83712) HM
Ontario (Essex County), Amherstburg — The WyandotLes Hurons de Detroit
This area was once the home of the Wyandot, remnants of the Huron, Neutrals, and Petuns who were dispersed by the Iroquois in the 1640's. Some eventually reunited and settled along the Detroit River, where they became known as the Hurons of Detroit, or Wyandot. After the fall of New France, the Wyandot became supporters of the British during the American Revolution although many remained neutral in the War of 1812. In the 1840's a number of the Wyandot were moved to a reserve in Kansas while others stayed to help develop this region. — Map (db m37340) HM
Ontario (Essex County), Windsor — French Settlement on the South Shore
Front - In English Windsor is the oldest known site of continuous settlement in Ontario. The government of New France, anxious to increase its presence on the Detroit River, offered land agricultural settlement on the south shore in 1749. That summer families from the lower St. Lawrence River relocated to lots which began about 6.5 km downstream from here. Along with civilians and discharged soldiers from Fort Pontchartrain (Detroit), they formed the community of La Petite Cote. . . . — Map (db m37343) HM
Ontario (Niagara Region), Niagara-on-the-Lake — Fort Niagara
Across the Niagara River is the imposing American stronghold, Fort Niagara. Originally built by the French, then occupied by the British, and finally by the Americans, this fort for nearly 150 years stood guard over the traditional supply route to the Upper Great Lakes. — Map (db m53630) HM
Ontario (Niagara Region), Niagara-on-the-Lake — Lieutenant-Colonel John Butler 1725-1796
Born in New London, Connecticut, Butler settled in the Mohawk Valley, New York, in 1742. Commissioned in the British Indian Department in 1755, he served in the Seven Years War. At the outbreak of the American Revolution , he was compelled to leave his estates and was ordered to Fort Niagara. In 1777 he organized the Loyalist Corps known as Butler's Rangers. By the end of war, this Unit with British Regulars and Indian Allies, had effectively contributed to the establishment of British control . . . — Map (db m49165) HM
Ontario (Niagara Region), Niagara-on-the-Lake — The Fortified Mouth of the Niagara River
The St.Lawrence and Great Lakes system was the most efficient route to the interior of the continent of North America. Large waterways allowed for substantial sailing vessels to trade and maintain contact with Native allies from Montreal to the Mississippi with minimal portages and transhipment in smaller boats. The one great obstacle along the chain of waterways was Niagara Falls whose dramatic height required some control of the land to allow for a portage around the escarpment and the falls . . . — Map (db m53624) HM
Prince Edward Island (Queens County), Rocky Point — The Grand DérangementÎle Saint-Jean
English: The Grand Dérangement L’Acadie, established by France in 1604, was a strategically located and highly coveted colony. In 1713, it was handed over to England and renamed Nova Scotia. The foundation of Halifax, in 1749, led part of the Acadian population to move to French territory. The remaining Acadians were still perceived as a threat, and in 1755, the British authorities launched their systematic deportation, splitting up families and communities, seizing all . . . — Map (db m80437) HM
Quebec (Capitale-Nationale (region)), Québec — Bragg’s 28th Foot,Le 28ᵉ Regiment de Bragg,
. . . — Map (db m80919) HM
Quebec (Capitale-Nationale (region)), Québec — Frontenac
English: Faced Phips unflinchingly, but the scale of victory could not be turned decisively until the famous reinforcements of Carignan’s and French-Canadians marched in triumphantly along the Grande-Allée. 1690 French: Résista fièrement à Phips, mais sa victoire ne fut décisive qu’après l’arrivée des renforts de Carignan et de canadiens-français vivement acclames, dans leur marche triomphale le long de la Grande-Allée. 1690 — Map (db m80841) HM
Quebec (Capitale-Nationale (region)), Québec — Here, on the very eve of victoryAu moment où la victoire lui était assurée
English: Here, on the very eve of victory, Wolfe received his mortal wound, and at once was carried back to where he died victorious. 13th September 1759. French: Au moment où la victoire lui était assurée, Wolfe reçut ici un blessure mortelle et fut transporté à l’arrière, où il mourut victorieux. Le 13 septembre 1759. — Map (db m80918) HM
Quebec (Capitale-Nationale (region)), Québec — Louis-Joseph de Montcalm1712-1759
French: À la suite de blessures reçues lors de la bataille des plaines d’Abraham, Louis-Joseph de Montcalm, marquis de Montcalm, lieutenant général des armées française en Nouvelle-France, décède à l’aube du 14 septembre 1759 dans la maison du chirurgien André Arnoux jadis construite sur ce site. Né en 1712 au château de Candiac, près de Nîmes, dans le sud de la France, Montcalm débute sa carrière militaire à l’âge de 20 ans. Nomme maréchal de camp en 1756, il arrive à Québec le . . . — Map (db m81261) HM
Quebec (Capitale-Nationale (region)), Québec — Montcalm
English: defeated here received his mortal wound 13th September 1759 French: vaincu blessé à mort ici le 13 septembre 1759 — Map (db m80888) HM
Quebec (Capitale-Nationale (region)), Québec — Stone Wind MillMoulin à vent en pierre
English: On this height, called Mont Carmel, there stood in 1690 a stone wind-mill whereon was mounted a battery of three guns, and which served for a redoubt during the siege of Quebec by Phips. It was called “Le Cavalier du Moulin.” French: Sur cette éminence, appelée le Mont-Carmel, il y avait en 1690 un moulin à vent en pierre, où, l’on monta une batterie de trois canons, et qui servit de redoute durant le siège de Québec par Phips. On l’appela le “Cavalier du Moulin.” — Map (db m81325) HM
Quebec (Capitale-Nationale (region)), Québec — The “Louisbourg Grenadiers”Les grenadiers de Louisbourg
English: (Grenadiers of Battalions left at Louisbourg) formed the right of the actual front, which, itself, formed the first two-deep “thin red line” the world had ever seen 13th September 1759. French: Constituaient la droite de la ligne ouverte à deux rangs formée les “habits rouges” sur toute la longueur de front, première formation du genre que le monde eût connue. 13 septembre 1759. — Map (db m81246) HM
Quebec (Capitale-Nationale (region)), Québec — The / Le Royal Roussillon,
English: commanded by Colonel Poulariez, formed the left of the actuel French Front, was first in the gallant attack, and the last in retreat before a devastating fire. 13th September 1759. French: sous le Colonel Poulariez, formant le gauche de front de l’armée française, fut le premier à l’attaque et le dernier à se replier devant un feu meurtrier. 13 septembre 1759. — Map (db m80917) HM
Quebec (Capitale-Nationale (region)), Québec — Wolfe and Montcalm Monument
Quebec (Capitale-Nationale (region)), Québec — Wolfe Monument
Four panels are place on this monument to General James Wolfe. English: Here died Wolfe September 13th 1759 This monument was erected by the British Army in Canada A.D. 1849 by his Excellency Lt. Gen. Sir Benjamin D’Urban, Commander of Forces, in replacement of the one erected by the Governor General Lord Aylmer, G.C.B., in 1832 and destroyed with pieces remaining under present monument. The first monument was a stone which the army rolled here . . . — Map (db m80753) HM WM
Quebec (Gaspésie– Îles-de-la-Madeleine (region)), Pointe-à-la-Croix — The Battle of the RestigoucheLa Bataille de la Ristigouche
English: In May 1760 a French relief fleet, unable to reach Quebec, took refuge at the head of Chaleur Bay. It was there that a British squadron blockaded them on June 22. Aided by Acadians and Micmacs, the French planted batteries on the shores and blocked the channel, hoping thus to keep the enemy from their ships anchored in the estuary of the Restigouche. The British were able to get by these obstacles and, on July 8, the French vessels were scuttled after about seven hours of . . . — Map (db m80582) HM
Quebec (Montréal (region)), Lachine — Lachine MassacreMassacre de Lachine
English: During the night of the 4-5 August 1689, fifteen hundred Iroquois landed at Lachine and placed themselves in small groups near all the houses along the shore. At a given signal the massacre began; two hundred persons perished and one hundred and twenty were taken into captivity. The year 1689 was long known as "The year of the massacre”. French: Dans la nuit du 4 au 5 août 1689, quinze cents Iroquois débarquèrent à Lachine et se placèrent en pelotons à . . . — Map (db m82105) HM
Quebec (Montréal (region)), Montréal — Kondiaronk and CallièreKondiaronk et Callière
English: Kondiaronk, Grand Chief of the Wyandots of Michilimakinac, played a determining role in the negotiations of the Great Peace due to both his influence with the other First Nations chiefs and the respect that he had among the French. His speech of August 2, 1701 was a decisive factor in sealing the peace. Louis-Hector de Callière, an able military strategist and governor of Montréal, distinguished himself in the defence of the city. In that office and later as governor general . . . — Map (db m82116) HM
Connecticut (Fairfield County), New Fairfield — New Fairfield Veterans Memorial
They shall not grow old as we that are left grow old. Age shall not weary them, nor the years condemn them. French & Indian War Samuel Fairchild Militia K.I.A. Aug. 4, 1759 Burmell Barnum Militia K.I.A. Aug. 4, 1761 Civil War Frederick C. Barnum Cpl. U.S. Army K.I.A. June 22, 1863 Augustus E. Bronson U.S. Army K.I.A. June 1, 1864 Edward Griffin Pvt. U.S. Army K.I.A. July 5, 1863 William B. Leach U.S. Army K.I.A. June 19, 1864 Henry H. Hyatt U.S. Army K.I.A. June 22, 1864 Homer B. Barnum . . . — Map (db m23063) WM
Connecticut (Fairfield County), Wilton — Major Samuel Comstock
In Memory Of Major Samuel Comstock 1739 --- 1824 A Private In The French and Indian War A Captain In The Revolutionary War July 1776 --- June 1783 Serving At White Plains Germantown Fort Mifflin Valley Forge Monmouth Yorktown Commissioned Major October 10, 1783 His Wife Mercy Mead 1741 - 1816 — Map (db m30471) HM
Connecticut (Litchfield County), Goshen — Goshen French and Indian War & Revolutionary War Memorial
[ front ] Dedicated To Our Comrades Of Goshen Who Established And Maintained Freedom For Our Country French And Indian War 1754 - 1763 Dibble, Joel • Doud, John • Gaylord, Timothy • Humphrey, Ashbel • Humphrey, Manna • Humphrey, Unknown • Lee, Daniel • Munson, John • North, Elisha • Reeve, Benjamin • Richards, Charles • Royce, Josiah • Stanley, Nathaniel, Jr. • Tuttle, Stephen • Wilcox, John Jr. • Wilcox, Moses • Wilcox, Thomas • Winchell, Munson • Wright, John Revolutionary . . . — Map (db m30231) HM
Connecticut (New Haven County), Cheshire — Town of Cheshire Memorial Plaza
Honoring Our Veterans 1754 French and Indian War 1763 Reuben Hitchcock • Edward Parker • Ephraim Parker 1775 Revolutionary War 1783 Asa Bellamy • Justus Bellamy • Reuben Bellamy • Silas Bellamy • Asa Bronson • Elisha Cowles • Amos Parker • Edward Parker • Elisha Parker • Samuel Parker • Elisha Parker, Jr. • Jesse Parker, Jr. • Jesse Parker, Sr.* 1861 Civil War 1865 Nelson Beach 1940 World War II 1946 Francis R. Rocco 1950 Korea 1955 Roger (Deschesnes) Deshane • . . . — Map (db m22406) WM
Delaware (New Castle County), Christiana — NC-52 — Samuel Patterson
Operated flour mill one-fourth mile south. Was captain in French and Indian War. In American Revolution was member of Boston Relief Committee, colonel of Delaware battalion of famous "Flying Camp," Brigadier General of Delaware militia and first treasurer of Delaware State. Died 1785. Buried in Presbyterian Cemetery at Christiana. — Map (db m67210) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Northwest — The Road to Fort Duquesne — [National Cathedral]
This memorial was erected in 1907 by the Society of Colonial Wars in the District of Columbia to mark the road over which on April 14, 1755 a division of the British Army under General Braddock marched on its way to Fort Duquesne. — Map (db m55534) HM
Georgia (Seminole County), Donalsonville — Sabacola El Menor
Located in Seminole County, near the forks of he Chattahoochee and Flint Rivers, was a town of Hitchiti-speaking, Lower Creek Indians. A Spanish mission, Santa Cruz de Sabacola el Menor, was established there in 1675. By 1685, English traders from Charles Town had contact with the Lower Creeks. The English in Carolina and the Spanish in Florida were both seeking the alliance of the tribe. Reverse side: Spanish efforts to establish missions further up the Chattahoochee were . . . — Map (db m17834) HM
Illinois (Edgar County), Chrisman — Pontiac Peace Treaty
A few miles west of here on July 18, 1765, Pontiac, an Ottawa Chief, and George Croghan, British Representative, met in a formal peace council which ended the most threatening Indian uprising against the British in North America. Following the French and Indian War (1754 - 1763), many Indian tribes showed dissatisfaction with British rule. Indian leaders believed the land belonged to the Indians and that the French and British occupied it only by their consent, but the British had no intention . . . — Map (db m10997) HM
Illinois (Vermilion County), Allerton — Croghan Treaty with PontiacJuly 1765
Near here, on July 18, A.D. 1765, Colonel George Croghan, Superintendent of Indian Affairs for the British government, made a preliminary treaty of peace with Pontiac, chief of the Ottawas and leader of the great Indian confederacy. By the terms of this agreement the allegiance of the Indians was transferred from the French to the English, thus securing the eastern Mississippi valley for Anglo-Saxon civilization. The intersection of the Fort Harrison (Terre Haute) Fort Clarke (Peoria) and . . . — Map (db m74024) HM
Illinois (Vermilion County), Sidell — Detroit - Kaskaskia Indian Trail
This stone rests in a virgin portion of the Detroit - Kaskaskia Indian Trail. Erected by the Sidell Woman's Club 1942 — Map (db m73973) HM
Indiana (Allen County), Fort Wayne — Site of Last French Fort
Erected, 1750, by Captain Raimond Surrendered to the British under Lieutenant Butler in 1760. Ensign Richard Holmes and British garrison massacred by Miami Indians in 1763. The most severe engagement of battle between Gen. Josiah Harmar and Miamis under Little Turtle fought here, Oct. 22, 1790. — Map (db m21036) HM
Indiana (Allen County), Fort Wayne — The First French Fort / The First Playground in Fort Wayne
[Left side of marker]:The First French Fort The French lived among the Miami at the Three Rivers as early as 1697 when Jean Baptiste Bissot, Sieur de Vincennes (d. 1719), and Francois Marie Bissot de Vincennes, the son of Jean Baptiste (d. 1736), served as royal agents to the Miamis. The first fort was built in 1722 on this site by Capt. Dubuisson upon the orders of the French governor in Quebec. The fortification was called Fort St. Philippe or Fort Miamis, was garrisoned by . . . — Map (db m26867) HM
Kansas (Wyandotte County), Kansas City — The History of the Wyandot Indian Nation
Tablet 1 The Origins of the Wyandots The story of the Wyandot Nations is both heroic and bitter. Once among the greatest of Indian tribes in northeast America, a warrior race whose influence reached from Canada to Kentucky, the Wyandots were betrayed by time, circumstance, and the White man. Today, more than three hundred years after their Golden Age, the Huron Indian Cemetery and Huron Place mark the worldly end of their last great dream. The history of the Wyandot . . . — Map (db m72957) HM
Kentucky (Garrard County), Paint Lick — 1526 — Fort Paint Lick
Side 1: 500 ft. north is site of log fort and stockade built by Lt. Col. Wm. Miller. Born in Virginia, he came to Kentucky with Daniel Boone's party and helped mark a trace to Boonesboro; served with Capt. James Estill in Battle of Little Mountain. Miller surveyed land for the fort in 1776. Other early settlers were George Adams, Wm. Champ, and Alexander Denny. Over. Side 2: Fort Paint Lick - First settlers found Indian signs painted on trees along creek banks and . . . — Map (db m67835) WM
Kentucky (Madison County), Richmond — 1578 — Col. Richard Callaway / First Ferry in Kentucky
(south side) Col. Richard Callaway Born in Caroline County, Virginia, in June 1722, Richard Callaway served in French and Indian wars and as a colonel in Revolutionary War. He was a member of Virginia House of Burgesses and one of the first settlers of Boonesborough. In process of building his ferry, Callaway was killed by Indians, Mar. 8, 1780, and buried near here. Presented by Society of Boonesborough (north side) First Ferry in Kentucky . . . — Map (db m72632) HM
Kentucky (Madison County), Richmond — 1685 — Grave of Hancock Taylor
On Taylor's fork of Silver Creek, .7 mi. east, is burial place of Hancock Taylor. This pioneer was at Falls of Ohio in 1769 enroute to New Orleans and surveying in Ky. by 1773. A deputy surveyor under Wm. Preston, he was near mouth of Ky. River when shot by Indians in July 1774. Taylor rejoined party, and these companions brought him just south of Richmond, where he died. — Map (db m67802) HM
Kentucky (Pendleton County), Butler — 953 — British Indian Raid
In countermove, 1780, to control northwest, British Capt. Henry Bird with 150 troops and 1000 Indians came from Detroit, by river in June. From here, they marched to Ruddle's and Martin's Station, to the south, captured 470 settlers. Returned here, captives divided, families separated. The British took some to Detroit, remainder scattered among Indian villages. — Map (db m67666) HM
Louisiana (Orleans Parish), New Orleans — Bienville MonumentBienville Place
[On base of statue]: Jean Baptiste LeMoyne de Bienville born Montreal, February 23, 1680 died Paris, March 7, 1767 Founder of New Orleans 1717 with homage of Louisiana * Canada * France — Map (db m23885) HM
Louisiana (Saint James Parish), St. James — Site of First Acadian Settlers in Louisiana
Refugees came overland 1756-57. In vicinity was 1762 grant to Jacques Cantrelle, Sr. of France after whom Church and Parish were named. Section once included in Les Oumas, Eveche of Quebec. — Map (db m86620) HM
Maine (Cumberland County), South Portland — Early Settlement
The largest 17th century settlement in Cape Elizabeth - which included South Portland and Cape Elizabeth prior to 1895 - was established in 1658 near Spring Point. However, the onset of the French and Indian Wars in 1675 necessitated frequent evacuations south to the garrison at Spurwink. After King Philip's War, 1675-1678, this area remained destroyed and deserted. Nine families who resettled at the Point faced a disastrous Indian attack in 1703 in which 25 settlers were killed and 8 captured . . . — Map (db m55673) HM
Maine (Waldo County), Prospect — Pemtegwacook
Native Americans first paddled dug-out canoes up and down the Penobscot River about 8,000 years ago. Seeking rich hunting and fishing grounds, these people had come to live on the wooded shores of the river and bay. Archaeology has revealed traces of early Native American settlements from Bangor downriver to Penobscot Bay. A site on the bay's North Haven Island is among the most intensely studied. There, between 4,500 and 4,000 years ago, a sizable group of people lived year-round and . . . — Map (db m55129) HM
Maine (York County), Biddleford — A Stone Fort
was built in 1693 rear of this place near the banks of the Saco River as a refuge from the Indians — Map (db m55700) HM
Maine (York County), Biddleford — 4 — Fort Saco in 1693 / Le Fort Saco en 1693The Museum in the Streets
The Indians burned the township of Saco in 1688. Fort Saco was built on the future site of the Laconia Mills to protect the settlers in 1693. The fort served as stables during the construction of the Laconia mills in 1841. Yo Cat Gully in the north and the Saco river in the east protected the fort. Further north of the fort was Ram-Cat Hill, the future site of the Pepperell Mills. Opposite the fort on Factory Island, walls built by the French and the Indians laying siege to the fort persisted . . . — Map (db m55718) HM
Maryland (Allegany County), Cumberland — "Braddock's Road"
Near this point on June 10, 1755, after nearly a month's delay at Fort Cumberland, Braddock's troops started toward Fort Duquesne to wrest it from the French. On July 9, 1755, he met his terrible death at the Monongahela. — Map (db m31908) HM
Maryland (Allegany County), Cumberland — Col. Joshua Fry
Memorial in honor of Col. Joshua Fry Born c. 1700 in England 1731 • Professor of mathematics at William and Mary College, Planter in Albemarle County, Virginia, Member of House of Burgesses, First presiding judge of Albemarle County, Commander of militia, Surveyor 1746-51 • Col. Fry and Peter Jefferson surveyed and produced first map of Virginia. 1752 • Joshua Fry, Lunsford Lomax and James Patton were chosen to make a treaty with the Six Nations at Logstown (Lancaster)which permitted the . . . — Map (db m54023) HM
Maryland (Allegany County), Cumberland — Col. Thomas Cresap
In Memory of Col. Thomas Cresap Pathfinder - Pioneer - Patriot - Built the first home and fort in this county at Oldtown, about 1740 Surveyed the first trail to the west, starting near this spot in 1751 His Sons - - - Daniel Cresap for whom Dan's Mountain is named Thomas Cresap, Jr. killed in battle with the indians on Savage Mountain Michael Cresap Captain in Dunmore's War, first captain in rifle battalions, Revolutionary War, whose grave is in Trinity Churchyard New York City . . . — Map (db m17778) HM
Maryland (Allegany County), Cumberland — French and Indian War — Fort Cumberland Trail
"A volley fired by a young Virginian in the backwoods of America set the world on fire" Fort Cumberland was built as a direct result of hostilities between the French and British over control of the Ohio Valley. The British king granted land in that area to The Ohio Company and settlers moved to the area. The French began forcing them out leading to armed hostilities. Actions taken by Governor Duquesne of New France and Lt. Governor Dinwiddie of Virginia and their representatives caused . . . — Map (db m17683) HM
Maryland (Allegany County), Cumberland — George Washington at Will’s Creek — Fort Cumberland Trail
Our founding father spent much time in this vicinity when a young man as surveyor, ambassador, aide-de-camp to General Braddock, and commander of Virginia military forces. This cabin served as his headquarters during part of this time. Young George was a skilled surveyor by the age of sixteen. He assisted in laying out the town of Alexandria, Virginia, and came to our area in 1748 to survey and layout the Fairfax manors in the South Branch Valley. He slept in a "straw bed" with lice and fleas . . . — Map (db m17719) HM
Maryland (Allegany County), Cumberland — Headquarters of George Washington
As colonel under General Braddock at Fort Cumberland during the French and Indian War 1755 - 1758 and as Commander-in-Chief of the American Army in 1794Presented to the City of Cumberland by James Walter Thomas, L.L.D.; Litt.D. dedicated April 21, 1921 in the presence of General John J. Pershing Commander of American Armies Major C.E.D. Bridges Military Attache of British Embassy Hon. Albert C. Ritchie Governor of Maryland Dr. Thomas W. Koon Mayor of Cumberland Judge . . . — Map (db m17724) HM
Maryland (Allegany County), Cumberland — Palisado Fort or Stockade — Fort Cumberland Trail
Most of the early frontier forts were of the palisado type. Before you is a small sample of this type construction. A palisade is a fence of pales or stakes set firmly in the ground, as for enclosure or defense. The word usage in the 1700's was palisado fort while later usage in the 1800's referred to stockade fort. A stockade is defined as a defensive barrier made of strong posts or timbers fixed upright in the ground. Fort Cumberland and Fort Necessity were palisado works. Fort Necessity . . . — Map (db m17782) HM
Maryland (Allegany County), Cumberland — Perimeter of the Fort — Fort Cumberland Trail
You stand upon historic ground within the north wall of Fort Cumberland. Your location (X) is shown on the diagram. Lines of barracks (I), parallel with the street, were to your front and in the rear along the line of white rocks in the street. The land was fairly level then on top of a hill extending out from the church property in front of you. The fort here was a palisado work with logs stripped and pinned together and rising to a height of twelve feet. Fort Cumberland mainly served as a . . . — Map (db m18758) HM
Maryland (Allegany County), Cumberland — President Washington's Last Visit - 1794
Center Plaque On October 16, 1794, President George Washington arrived in Cumberland to review about 5,000 troops of the Maryland and Virginia militia gathered here during th Whiskey Rebellion. A few days later, this militia army assembled upon the parade ground of old Fort Cumberland, where the Allegany County Courthouse now stands. The President appeared dressed in his full military uniform, and the entire population of the town was present to witness this historic event. General . . . — Map (db m17456) HM
Maryland (Allegany County), Cumberland — Site of Fort Cumberland
The store houses of The Ohio Company were first located near this point. In 1754 the first fort (called Mt. Pleasant) was built. Gen'l Edward Braddock enlarged the fort in 1755 and renamed it after his friend the Duke of Cumberland. — Map (db m53575) HM
Maryland (Allegany County), Cumberland — The Fort Proper — Fort Cumberland Trail
The fort proper was the bastioned work at the west end of the fort. It was to your left (primarily on the site of the Church of Christ Scientist). Besides the four bastions (b) and the joining walls, there were four buildings for provisions (6), two guardrooms (7), the commander's quarter (5), the fort parade ground (8), the sally port (SP: gate), and the main gate (MG). More facilities, four more gates (g), and barracks for 200 men were in the east end of Fort Cumberland. Additional . . . — Map (db m17679) HM
Maryland (Allegany County), Cumberland — The Parade Ground of Fort CumberlandOccupied this site 1755
Here the Indian envoys were received before Braddock left for his defeat. In 1756-58 the garrison under Col. Washington was still reviewed here. — Map (db m17453) HM
Maryland (Allegany County), Cumberland — This Tablet Marks the Site of Old Fort Cumberland
Which was built in 1755 by order of the British Government and named in honor of the Duke of Cumberland, Captain General of the British Army. It was the base of military operations of General Edward Braddock and Colonel George Washington in the French and Indian War. — Map (db m18733) HM
Maryland (Allegany County), Cumberland — Washington’s Road
By order of Colonel Bouquet, George Washington’s troops opened this road from Fort Cumberland to Reas-town (Bedford, Pa.) during July 1758. Bouquet and Washington conferred half way between these places July 30, 1758. — Map (db m6106) HM
Maryland (Allegany County), Frostburg — Blazing Braddock's Road
“We this day passed the ‘Aligany’ Mountain (Big Savage Mountain) which is a rocky ascent of more than two miles, in many places extremely steep…” Captain Robert Orme, June 15, 1755 British General Edward Braddock led a 2,100-man army through this wild country in 1755. The troops intended to dislodge the French from the “Forks of the Ohio” (Pittsburgh) almost 100 miles away. They were blazing a new trail, forever known as “Braddock’s Road.” As . . . — Map (db m5013) HM
Maryland (Allegany County), Frostburg — George's Creek Valley
During colonial exploration and settlement the valley provided a route to the western frontier. In 1753, preceding the French and Indian War, George Washington traveled this route to deliver Gov. Dinwiddie's order that the French abandon their claims in the Ohio country. In the early 19th century, transportation improvements spurred development of the coal industry in the valley; demand for its high-quality coal made it one of the nation's principal coal-producing regions between 1850 and 1910. — Map (db m84736) HM
Maryland (Allegany County), Frostburg — Martin’s Plantation
General Braddock's 2nd camp on the march to Fort Duquesne June 14th, 15th, 1755. The old Braddock Road passed to the southeast of the National Road from Clarysville to the "Shades of Death" near "Two Mile Run." The National Road was begun by the Government in 1811. — Map (db m440) HM
Maryland (Allegany County), La Vale — “Spendelow Camp”Also Called “Camp at the Grove”
General Braddock’s 1st camp on the march from Fort Cumberland to Fort Duquesne, June 11th to 13th, 1855. After building a road over Wills Mountain, Spendelow, an engineer, discovered a route by “The Narrows” and Braddock’s Run and a second road was opened. — Map (db m2083) HM
Maryland (Allegany County), Oldtown — Michael Cresap(1742–1775)
He built his house, which can be seen nearby, about 1764. A trader, he cleared wilderness and fought Indians in “Cresap’s War” in Ohio, 1774. As a Captain he led riflemen, some painted Indian-style, to Boston at the start of the Revolution. Because of failing health he attempted to return home but died on the way and is buried in Trinity Churchyard, New York City. A brick addition to the house was built about 1781. — Map (db m448) HM
Maryland (Allegany County), Oldtown — Old Town(King Opessa’s Town)
Fording place for “Great Warriors Path” from New York to the South. Thomas Cresap built stockade fort here in 1741 used as a refuge during French and Indian War after Braddock’s defeat. George Washington was here on his first visit to Maryland 1748 and often thereafter. — Map (db m447) HM
Maryland (Baltimore County), Dundalk — Battle of North Point1814
Who Dies for Country, doth not yield To death’s uncompromising sway He soars Immortal from the field And dwells untouched by time’s decay               Wm. M. Marine This one-acre of the North Point Battlefield was set aside in 1839 to commemorate those who risked and gave their lives to defend their homes and country from an invading British Army. On September 12, 1814, the 5th, 27th, 39th, 51st Regiments of Maryland Militia, engaged in battle with the British on . . . — Map (db m2136) HM
Maryland (Frederick County), Braddock Heights — The Braddock-Washington Monument
In April 1755, Frederick Town was a planning center for a major campaign in the French and Indian War (175-1763). General Edward Braddock arrived from England and later 1,400 British Troops joined him to stop the French from taking land claimed by Britain. While in Frederick for twelve days, General Braddock met with several people including Maryland Proprietary Governor Horatio Sharpe, Benjamin Franklin, and Colonel George Washington. Washington joined with Braddock's command. In May 1755, the . . . — Map (db m68946) HM
Maryland (Frederick County), Frederick — Braddock, Washington, and Franklin
On April 23, 1755 At a Tavern located near this spot General Edward Braddock Colonel George Washington and Benjamin Franklin Met to plan the British assault on Ft. Dusquesne During the French & Indian War This plaque erected by the Kiwanis Club of Frederick June 8, 1998 — Map (db m2725) HM
Maryland (Frederick County), Frederick — Evangelical Lutheran Church
This tablet is erected to the Glory of God and in grateful recognition of those who organized this congregation and have maintained it for two hundred years 1738   Congregation organized. 1743   Log church built on the Monocacy. 1746   Log church built on present parsonage site. 1747   Adoption of constitution for congregation drawn by Henry Melchior Muhlenberg. 1752   Stone church begun at rear of this building. Erection halted by French and Indian War. Completed in . . . — Map (db m14022) HM
Maryland (Frederick County), Frederick — General Edward Braddock
General Edward Braddock traveled over this road in April 1755 (in a coach and six horses purchased from Gov. Horatio Sharpe of Maryland)after a protracted conference in Frederick with Benjamin Franklin and others concerning the securing of teams, wagons and supplies for the expedition against Fort Duquesne. — Map (db m1247) HM
Maryland (Frederick County), Frederick — This Boulder Marks the National Trail — General Braddock Monument
This boulder marks the National Trail over which traveled Gen. Edward Braddock and Lieutenant Colonel George Washington 1755. — Map (db m22275) HM
Maryland (Frederick County), Jefferson — Abraham Lakin 2ndBorn Oct. 16, 1713 or 1722. Died Jan., 1796
Veteran of French and Indian War, early settler, head of family of Revolutionary patriots buried in the cemetery of homestead near here. At outset of the Revolution he and his sons Abraham, Basil, Daniel, John and his nephew Samuel were listed with the Committee of Observation of Middle District of Frederick County. Basil and another son, William, were soldiers. Two of his daughters, Nancy and Sarah, married Revolutionary soldiers. — Map (db m2025) HM
Maryland (Garrett County), Finzel — Savage River Camp
General Braddock's 3rd camp on his march to Fort Duquesne June 16, 1755. The route, later known as the Old Braddock Road, passes to the southeast of the National Road. Captain Orme's diary says "we entirely demolished three wagons and shattered several" descending Savage Mountain. — Map (db m439) HM
Maryland (Garrett County), Granstville — General Braddock’s 5th Camp
On the march to Fort Duquesne June 19th, 1755. By Washington’s advice, Braddock pushed forward from Little Meadows to this camp with 1200 chosen men and officers leaving the heavy artillery and baggage behind to follow by easy stages under Colonel Dunbar. — Map (db m357) HM
Maryland (Garrett County), Grantsville — Bear Camp
General Braddock's 6th camp on the march to Fort Duquesne Saturday and Sunday June 20th and 21st, 1755. Washington was forced to remain behind with a guard on account of "violent fevers" until cured by "Dr. James's Powders (one of the most excellent medicines in the world)," he wrote his brother Augustine. — Map (db m356) HM
Maryland (Garrett County), Grantsville — Little Meadows
General Braddock's 4th camp on the march to Fort Duquesne June 17, 1755. Washington arrived here after Braddock's defeat July 15th, 1755. Washington also stopped here May 9th, 1754, July 7th or 8th, 1754, October 1st, 1770, November 26th, 1770 and September 10, 1784. — Map (db m361) HM
Maryland (Montgomery County), Bethesda — Home of Samuel Wade Magruder1728-1792
Lieutenant of Volunteers French and Indian War, Magistrate of the 1st. court, Montgomery County Maryland. 1777; Major of Maryland Battalion; Member of Committee to effect resolutions of first Continental Congress. Janet Montgomery Chapter, D.A.R. — Map (db m72752) HM
Maryland (Montgomery County), Chevy Chase — Colonel Joseph Belt
1680 Maryland 1761. Patentee of "Cheivy Chace", Trustee of first free schools in Maryland, one of the founders of Rock Creek Parish, member of the House of Burgesses, Colonel of Prince George's County militia during the French and Indian War. — Map (db m70204) HM
Maryland (Montgomery County), Clarksburg — Dowden’s Ordinary
This tablet marks the site of Dowden's Ordinary Where Gen. George Edward Braddock and Col. Dunbar's Division of the Colonial and English Army made a second encampment In Maryland April 15-17, 1755 Erected by the Janet Montgomery Chapter Daughters of the American Revolution April 15. 1915 [Emblem: D.A.R.] — Map (db m43631) HM
Maryland (Montgomery County), Clarksburg — Dowden's Ordinary: A French & Indian War Site
On April 15, 1755 a British seaman wrote in his diary:   On the 15th: Marched at 5 in our way to one Dowden's, a Publichouse ... and encamped upon very bad ground on the side of a hill. We got our tents pitched by dark when the wind shifted from the South to the North - from a sultry hot day it became excessively cold, and rained with thunder and lightning till 5 in the morning, when in 10 minutes it changed to snow, which in 2 hours covered the ground a foot and a half. . . . — Map (db m43676) HM
Maryland (Montgomery County), Gaithersburg — General Edward Braddock
General Edward Braddock in April 1755, accompanied by Gov. Horatio Sharpe of Maryland, traveled this road in a coach and six horses, on his way to Frederick, Md. to meet Benjamin Franklin and George Washington, to arrange for teams for the Fort Duquesne expedition. — Map (db m1012) HM
Maryland (Montgomery County), Rockville — Maj. Gen. Edward Braddock and His Men
To commemorate the encampment in Maryland of Maj. Gen. Edward Braddock and his men at Owen's Ordinary, now Rockville, April 20, 1755. This stone is placed by the Janet Montgomery Chapter, Daughters of he American Revolution, Mrs. Morris L. Croxall, Regent, July 9, 1913. — Map (db m77) HM
Maryland (Montgomery County), Rockville — Richard Montgomery1738 - 1775
Born in Ireland; served in the British Army in the French & Indian War. Joined the American Revolution as the most experienced general in the Continental Army. Led the invasion of Canada where he was killed in the Battle of Quebec, becoming the first general to die in the Revolution and America's first national hero. When Maryland's constitutional convention split Frederick County into three parts the following year, they named the western third Washington and the eastern third Montgomery, the . . . — Map (db m50480) HM
Maryland (Washington County), Big Pool — Fort FrederickMaryland State Park
Colonial stone fort built 1756 for Province of Maryland by Gov. Horatio Sharpe to protect frontier against French and Indians after Braddock’s defeat. Detention camp for British prisoners 1776–83. Occupied 1861–2 by Union troops. George Washington was here July 1756 and June 1758. — Map (db m681) HM
Maryland (Washington County), Big Pool — Fort FrederickA Witness to War
Built by the Maryland colony in 1756 during the French and Indian War, Fort Frederick’s stone walls surrounded three large buildings. The colonists abandoned the frontier fort in 1759, when the threat of Indian raids subsided. During the Revolutionary War, the fort confined hundreds of British prisoners. The state auctioned the fort and about 100 acres in the 1790s. The property changed hands several times; in 1860, Nathan Williams, a free African American, bought the place and farmed the . . . — Map (db m821) HM
Maryland (Washington County), Big Pool — Fort Frederick Officers’ Quarters
A Ghost in the Ground. Before you is the foundation of “The Governor’s House,” the building that served as the officers’ quarters, ceremonial hall and storeroom for Fort Frederick. What did that building look like? We know the size and general layout of the building from the foundation. There are only a few historical documents, which mention the building. Of those, the most significant is Samuel Hughes’s 1778 letter, from which we learn that the building was a 2-story timber . . . — Map (db m823) HM
Maryland (Washington County), Clear Spring — Fort FrederickMaryland State Park
Colonial stone fort built 1756 for Province of Maryland by Gov. Horatio Sharpe to protect frontier against French and Indians after Braddock’s defeat. Detention camp for British prisoners 1776–83. Occupied 1861–2 by Union troops. George Washington was here July 1756 and June 1758. — Map (db m680) HM
Maryland (Washington County), Hagerstown — Hager’s Fancy(Circa 1740)
Third dwelling was built by Jonathan Hager, founder of Hagerstown Maryland, 1762; Captain of Scouts, French and Indian War, 1755–1763; member of the Non-Importation Association and of the Committees of Safety and of Observation, 1775; member of the General Assembly, Annapolis, 1771–1775. — Map (db m1159) HM
Maryland (Washington County), Hancock — Fort Coombe
Fort Coombe, a Maryland stockaded fort of 1755–56 located north of this point. One of the frontier forts during the French and Indian War. The survey of the Mason and Dixon Line during 1763–68 placed it in Pennsylvania instead of Maryland. — Map (db m833) HM
Maryland (Washington County), Hancock — Tonoloway Fort
Lieut. Stoddert and twenty men erected and garrisoned a block house and stockaded fort near here on the property of Evan Shelby in 1755 after Braddock’s defeat. It was abandoned in 1756-7 after Fort Frederick was completed. — Map (db m508) HM
Maryland (Washington County), Sharpsburg — General Edward Braddock
General Edward Braddock in April 1755 (driven in his coach and six horses) crossed into Virginia near this point on his way to Fort Cumberland, after ten days’ conference with Benjamin Franklin and others in Frederick, Md., arranging for teams and supplies for the expedition to Fort Duquesne. — Map (db m1966) HM
Massachusetts (Bristol County), Norton — First Burial Ground
The First Burial Ground is the presumed buying place of Norton's pioneer settler's.

William Witherell, who died in September 1691, is buried in the West end of the burial ground. When the land was passed to Nathaniel Witherell by his father,the deed stated that the pioneer William Witherell was buried in that place.

In an unmarked grave lies the body of Daniel Woodward, a Revolutionary War soldier.

Originally located in an open field,the burial ground was not fenced in until . . . — Map (db m52379) HM

Massachusetts (Essex County), Billerica — Danforth Homestead1630 - 1930
Site of homestead of Captain Jonathan Danforth, pioneer of Billerica and famous surveyor. "He rode the circuit, chain'd great towns and farms to good behavior; and by well worked stations he fixed their bounds for many generations. " — Map (db m48837) HM
Massachusetts (Essex County), Rockport — Old First Parish Burying Ground1630 - 1930
Original plot given by the first settler, Richard Tarr, who was buried here in 1732. Here lie most of the early settlers and many of the officers and soldiers of the French and Indian, Revolutionary and 1812 Wars. — Map (db m48841) HM
Massachusetts (Franklin County), Bernardston — Burke Fort1630 - 1930
Six rods easterly stood Burke Fort the first and largest, and also the first building in Fall Town. Built in 1738/39 by John Burke it was six rods square and contained eight houses. Fifty persons took shelter here during the old French and Indian War. — Map (db m48254) HM
Massachusetts (Franklin County), Bernardston — Connable Fort1630 - 1930
Site of the second fort and building in Fall Town, erected in 1739 by Samuel Connable. Its original timbers are still in the house on a knoll to the northwest. — Map (db m48774) HM
Massachusetts (Franklin County), Bernardston — Deacon Ebenezer Sheldon's Fort1630 - 1930
The Lieutenant's son Ebenezer, later deacon of the church and first town treasurer, built a fort ten rods east of here in 1740/41. It was unsuccessfully attacked by Indians in 1746 during King George's War. — Map (db m48777) HM
Massachusetts (Franklin County), Bernardston — Lieut. Ebenezer Sheldon's Fort1630 - 1930
Built in 1740 on this site. The first Proprietor's Meeting in Fall Town was held here in 1741. The Lieutenant's son Eliakim was shot by Indians in 1747 while working west of the fort walls. — Map (db m48011) HM
Massachusetts (Franklin County), Deerfield — Old Deerfield1630 - 1930
Indian land called Pocomtuck, settled by men from Dedham in 1671. Attacked by Indians, burnt, and abandoned in 1675. Reoccupied and attacked in 1704 by French and Indians, who took 47 lives, and carried off 112 captives to Canada, of whom 60 were later redeemed. — Map (db m48012) HM
Massachusetts (Franklin County), Hawley — First Church of Hawley
Site of the First Church of Hawley Erected 1793 Reverend Jonathan Grout 1st Pastor This memorial placed by the sons and daughters of Hawley August 10, 1935 — Map (db m25876) HM
Massachusetts (Franklin County), Northfield — Captain Richard Beers1630 - 1930
Grave of Captain Richard Beers, killed by Indians on September 4, 1675. His monument is on the mountain-side above. — Map (db m48779) HM
Massachusetts (Franklin County), Northfield — First Settlement1630 - 1930
Here, enclosed by a stockade, the first settlement was made in 1673. Nine rods to the westward a fort was built in 1685 and eight rods southeast stood the Indians' Council Rock. — Map (db m48015) HM
Massachusetts (Franklin County), Northfield — Indian Council Fires1630 - 1930
Two hundred and fifty yards eastward are the sites of three large Indian council fires. The Beers Massacre of September 4, 1675, took place in a gorge one-quarter mile to the northeast. — Map (db m48780) HM
Massachusetts (Franklin County), Northfield — Nathanial Dickinson House1630 - 1930
Nathaniel Dickinson lived here nineteen years in a fortified house but was scalped and killed by the Indians on April 15, 1747, at Pachaug Hill. — Map (db m42634) HM
Massachusetts (Franklin County), Shelburne Falls — First Permanent Settlement in Shelburne
Site of First Permanent Settlement in Shelburne, Mass. 1760 Martin Severance 1718 - 1810 Scout in French and Indian Wars Scout with Rogers Rangers Revolutionary soldier Marked by Dorothy Quincy Hancock Chapter, Daughters of the American Revolution.In cooperation with the town of Shelburne. 1940 — Map (db m59639) HM
Massachusetts (Hampden County), Brimfield — Indian Hill1630 - 1930
Two miles distant on Indian Hill is the site of an Indian stronghold and storehouse for corn, Quaboag Old Fort, and of the Indian village of Ashquoach. — Map (db m48776) HM
Massachusetts (Hampden County), Brimfield — Steerage Rock1630 - 1930
Four miles distant on the summit of East Waddaquodduck Mountain is Steerage Rock, a landmark on the Indian trail which became known as the Bay Path and a guidepost to the pioneer settlers of the Connecticut Valley from Massachusetts Bay in 1636. — Map (db m88553) HM
Massachusetts (Hampshire County), Hadley — Hadley1630 - 1930
Indian land called Norwottock. Settled in 1650 by families from Hartford. The Regicides Generals Goffe and Whalley were concealed for fifteen years in the Pastor's house. — Map (db m48174) HM
Massachusetts (Hampshire County), Hadley — Hadley1630 - 1930
Indian land called Norwottock. Settled in 1650 by families from Hartford. The Regicides Generals Goffe and Whalley were concealed for fifteen years in the Pastor's house. — Map (db m48757) HM
Massachusetts (Hampshire County), Hatfield — Hatfield1630 - 1930
Before 1670 part of Hadley. Thrice attacked by Indians during King Philip's War. — Map (db m48175) HM
Massachusetts (Middlesex County), Billerica — Billerica1630 - 1930
Early name Shawshin, originally a part of Cambridge, set off as a town in 1655. Named after Billerica in Essex. — Map (db m48832) HM
Massachusetts (Middlesex County), Billerica — John Rogers Homestead1630 - 1930
Near this spot stood the John Rogers homestead, which was destroyed in the Indian massacre of 1695, and the entire family killed. — Map (db m48838) HM
Massachusetts (Middlesex County), Lowell — Wannalancet1630 - 1930
On Wickasee Island (now Tyngs Island) in the Merrimac dwelt Wannalancet, last sachem of the Pennacook Confederacy, and like his father Passaconway, a faithful friend to the English. — Map (db m48022) HM
Massachusetts (Middlesex County), Sherborn — Sherborn1630 - 1930
Settled in 1652 and called Boggastow, became a town in 1674. — Map (db m48802) HM
Massachusetts (Middlesex County), Woburn — Woburn1630 - 1930
Settled by men from Charlestown under Captain Edward Johnson. Named in 1642 after Woburn, Bedfordshire. Here was born and grew up together Colonel Loammi Baldwin, the Engineer, and Benjamin Thompson (Count Rumford), Philanthropist and Scientist. — Map (db m48764) HM
Massachusetts (Norfolk County), Canton — Ponkapoag Plantation1630 - 1930
The north line of Ponkapoag Plantation second of the Apostle Eliot's Praying Indian towns, set apart by the Dorchester Proprietors in 1657. — Map (db m48803) HM
Massachusetts (Plymouth County), Wareham — Wareham War Memorial
Erected by the Town of Wareham in memory of her loyal sons 1904

There are also 5 panels of inscribed names — Map (db m85572) WM

Massachusetts (Suffolk County), Boston — John Tileston / To Those Men of the North End
John Tileston 1735 - 1826 Active patriot during the Revolution. Beloved master for more than seventy years of the North Writing School, now the Eliot School and teacher of many famous Bostonians. He lived and died on Margaret Street.

To Those Men of the North End Who defended with their lives the hope of their country in the early wars against the Indians and the French

To these leaders in the Revolution of 1776 and the War of 1812 Daniel Malcolm • Josiah Snelling • John . . . — Map (db m76592) HM

Massachusetts (Worcester County), Oxford — Huguenot Settlement1630 - 1930
Up this road on Mayo's Hill, are the remains of a bastioned fort built by Huguenots driven from France by the Revocation of the Edict of Nantes. Their prosperous settlement was interrupted by Indian attacks in 1696, and finally abandoned in 1704. — Map (db m48787) HM
Massachusetts (Worcester County), Oxford — Old Maanexit Ford1630 - 1930
From this ford branched trails to Woodstock, Brookfield and Sturbridge. This way ran the Post Route established in 1672 "to goe monthly" from New York to Boston. Here, June 5, 1676, Major Talcott's Connecticut troops passed to join the final campaign against King Philip. — Map (db m48784) HM
Massachusetts (Worcester County), Oxford — The Johnson Massacre1630 - 1930
John Johnson and three children were killed by Indians in his house on this spot August 25, 1696. His wife was saved by her brother. — Map (db m48785) HM
Massachusetts (Worcester County), Webster — Chaubunagungamaug1630 - 1930
Site of Praying Indian town established by John Eliot and Daniel Gookin in 1674 and known as Chaubunagungamaug. — Map (db m48783) HM
Massachusetts (Worcester County), West Brookfield — Fort Gilbert1630 - 1930
Here stood Fort Gilbert, built about 1688 to protect the second settlement of Brookfield from Indian raids. — Map (db m48782) HM
Michigan (Emmet County), Mackinaw City — S0011 — Fort Michilimackinac
This fort, built about 1715, put French soldiers at the Straits for the first time since 1701. French authority ceased in 1761 when the British troops entered the fort. On June 2, 1763, during Pontiac's uprising, Chippewa Indians seized the fort, killing most of the small force, and held it a year. When the British moved to Mackinac Island in 1781, this old fort soon reverted to the wilderness. — Map (db m7670) HM
Michigan (Saint Clair County), Port Huron — S0080 — Fort Saint Joseph
Built near here in 1686 by the French explorer Duluth, this fort was the second white settlement in lower Michigan. This post guarded the upper end of the vital waterway joining Lake Erie and Lake Huron. Designed to bar English traders from the upper lakes, the fort in 1687 was the mobilization center for a war party of French and Indians. In 1688 it was abandoned, but the site became part of Fort Gratiot in 1814. — Map (db m41194) HM
Michigan (Wayne County), Detroit — S0687 — Chapman Abraham / Jewish Soldiers in the Civil War
(front side):Chapman Abraham During the French and Indian War (1754-1763), the British took Canada from France and with it possession of French forts in the western Great Lakes region, including Detroit. The post remained an important center of trade between the British and Native Americans. British trader Chapman Abraham (c. 1723-1783) arrived in Detroit around 1762. Abraham helped to supply British soldiers during the war as a partner of Fort Michilimackinac commissaries Levi . . . — Map (db m33485) HM
Michigan (Wayne County), Detroit — 27 — Fort PontchartrainMichigan Registered Historic Site
The first permanent French settlement in the Detroit region was built on this site in 1701. The location was recommended by Antoine de la Mothe Cadillac, who wished to move the fur trade center south from Michilimackinac. Cadillac's plan was approved by Count Jerome de Pontchartrain, Minister of Marine, for whom the fort was named. The term le detroit (the strait) was applied to the fort and surrounding area; after 1751 the post was known as Fort Detroit. In 1760, as a result of the French and . . . — Map (db m21853) HM
Michigan (Wayne County), Lincoln Park — L728 — Council Point / Pontiac's Council
Council Point On April 27, 1763, Obwandiyag, an Odawa who was also called Pontiac, assembled a council of warriors from various tribes near this site. He urged them to fight to maintain control of their land and their way of life. For more than a century, tribes in the Ohio Valley and the Great Lakes had allied themselves with different European nations that fought to dominate the Great Lakes. Most favored the French, trading partners who were not very numerous, instead of the British, . . . — Map (db m88332) HM
Mississippi (Adams County), Natchez — Fort Rosalie
On bluff to south stood Ft. Rosalie, established by the French in 1716. Became nucleus of settlements from which the Miss. Territory was founded. Near this marker stood the French warehouse that was a center of bloodshed during the Natchez Massacre of 1729. Dedicated December 11, 1988 by the Mississippi State Society Daughters of the American Revolution Mrs. D. Kelly Love, State Regent — Map (db m5143) HM
Mississippi (Madison County), Madison — West Florida Boundary
At the end of the French and Indian War in 1763, Great Britain gained control of the territory between the Appalachians and the Mississippi River except for the New Orleans area. The northern boundary of West Florida was first established at 31° north latitude.      It was soon determined that settlement was too restricted. In 1764 Great Britain moved the boundary north to 32° 28" into the lands of the Choctaws and Creeks. — Map (db m87366) HM
Missouri (Jackson County), Kansas City — The French and the Osage
English Side A Frenchman, Pierre Esprit Radisson, wrote in 1659 of a nation” of extraordinary height and bigness” (the Osage) living up the Missouri River. Marquette and Joliet’s 1674 maps show the village of the Osage, and some of La Salle’s entourage wrote of the Osage in 1687. In 1724, Louis XV’s emissary, Sieur de Bourgmont, left Fort Orleans (at present Brunswick, Missouri) for the west with many Osage, and negotiated a Comanche treaty to open the trail to Santa Fe. In . . . — Map (db m86416) HM
New Hampshire (Cheshire County), Walpole — John Kilburn Cabin
On this field stood the cabin of John Kilburn The first settler of Walpole 1749 Here occurred his heroic defense against the Indians August 17, 1755 Erected by the Abigail Stearns Chapter Daughters of the American Revolution — Map (db m66284) HM WM
New Hampshire (Grafton County), Haverhill — 104 — Ebenezer MacKintosh1737-1816
Born in Boston and a veteran of the 1758 Battle of Ticonderoga. As a known participant in the Boston Tea Party, for his own and his children’s safety, he walked to North Haverhill in early 1774. He later served in the Northern Army under Gen. Gates in 1777. He was a shoemaker by trade and practiced his vocation here for the rest of his life. He is buried nearby in Horse Meadow Cemetery. — Map (db m77798) HM
New Hampshire (Grafton County), Haverhill — 056 — Rogers Rangers
The rivers’ junction two miles north was rendezvous for Rogers Rangers after their destruction of St. Francis, Que., Oct. 4, 1759. Pursuing Indians and starvation had plagued their retreat and more tragedy awaited here. The expected rescue party bringing food had come and gone. Many Rangers perished and early settlers found their bones along these intervales. — Map (db m77799) HM WM
New Hampshire (Merrimack County), Hopkinton — Woodwell's Garrison 1744
Woodwell's Garrison, 1744, Captured April 22, 1746 Stockade on opposite side of the road — Map (db m78995)
New Hampshire (Sullivan County), Charlestown — Captain Phineas Stevens
This tablet commemorates the successful defense of the fort on this site by Captain Phineas Stevens and his company of rangers against a large war-party of French and Indians April 7-10 1747 — Map (db m66278) HM
New Hampshire (Sullivan County), Charlestown — 002 — Fort at No. 4
In 1744 the settlers at No. 4 (now Charlestown) built a great log fort enclosing many of the town's dwelling. The fort, northernmost in the Connecticut Valley, was besieged in 1747 by a large force of French and Indians, who were beaten off by the 31-man garrison in a 3-day battle. The fort was never again attacked. — Map (db m74584) HM WM
New Jersey (Hunterdon County), New Hampton — Major General Daniel MorganCommander of the Famed Morgan Rifle Corps
Born in this Village of New Hampton, Lebanon Township, NJ in 1736. Died in Winchester, VA July 6, 1802. Military Service French and Indian War Revolutionary War Battle of Quebec, Canada Captured 1775 Distinguished himself in the Battle of Saratoga, NY 1777 Victor at the Battle of Cowpens, SC 1781 — Map (db m17920) HM
New Jersey (Mercer County), Trenton — Old Barracks
Built in 1758 for British troops of the French and Indian War. Hessians were quartered here before the Battle of Trenton. — Map (db m3756) HM
New Jersey (Mercer County), Trenton — Old Barracks
Built in 1758 for British troops of the French and Indian War. Hessians were here at the Battle of Trenton. — Map (db m28026) HM
New Jersey (Middlesex County), Perth Amboy — Perth Amboy Barracks & Inventors’ Institute
During the French and Indian War (1754-63) British troops were initially quartered (housed) in private residences. After a wave of protests from the colonists, the Provincial Assembly in 1758 authorized the construction of barracks, for 300 men each, at Perth Amboy and four other locations. The Perth Amboy Barracks were completed in the spring of 1759 at a cost of more than 4,000 pounds. Consisting of a three-story central block (officer’s quarters) and flanked by L-shaped wings (soldiers), the . . . — Map (db m93944) HM
New Jersey (Morris County), Riverdale — Fort
A big house was built here in 1756 to protect the settlers from the anticipated attacks of the French and Indians. — Map (db m62866) HM
New Jersey (Sussex County), Frankford Township — Augusta Hill Baptists
In 1750, several families left the Congregational Church of Mansfield, CT relocating to New Jersey with William Marsh, their spiritual leader. Building a log meeting house here, they associated with the Baptist faith in 1750. As the church prospered, members were released to establish congregations in Wantage, Hamburg and Newton. In 1830, the congregation relocated to Lafayette, citing a better location for river baptisms. The cemetery was used for three generations of the Morris family, . . . — Map (db m26434) HM
New Jersey (Sussex County), Green Township — Thomas Woolverton's Tavern
In 1735, Royal Governor Jonathan Belcher ordered Sussex County's Government and Courts to be moved from Log Gaol to the tavern - house of Thomas Woolverton (1717-1760). Justice of the Peace and Tax Collector, until a permanent Courthouse was erected in Newton in 1765. This move arose from disputes between County Freeholders and Jonathan Petit, a surveyor and land-speculator, who attempted to secure personal and economic benefit from locating the County Seat on his lands. Due to ongoing . . . — Map (db m27284) HM
New Jersey (Sussex County), Sandyston Township — Old Mine Road
Built about 1650. Bell House – has housed nine generations of same family. Minisink Village – white men and Indians lived together. Minisink Island – in river to the west. Westbrook Fort – during French and Indian War in rear of barn. Ennis House – Home of first school teacher in Sussex County one-half mile south. Normanock Fort – During French and Indian War one mile south. — Map (db m27279) HM
New Jersey (Sussex County), Stillwater — Casper Shafer(1712 - 1784)
Casper Shafer, a German emigrant settled this area circa 1742. By 1750, he built this stone house, later fortifying it with a stockade during the French and Indian War. His first grist mill, built 1743, was located upstream, replacing it in 1764 with a larger structure at the present site. This profitable enterprise shipped goods by flatboat down the Paulinskill and Delaware Rivers to Philadelphia. The mill rebuilt in 1844 after a fire was the last operating grist mill in New Jersey. A strong . . . — Map (db m26448) HM
New Jersey (Sussex County), Walpack Center — Wallpack, N.J.
Wallpack Township, formed in 1731 out of Hunterdon County, included the present townships of Montague, Sandyston and the former Pahaquarry. The Delaware River forms the western boundary and the Old Mine Road, supposedly built by Dutch miners before 1664, traverses the township. Anna Symmes, Mother-in-law of President William Henry Harrison, is buried in the Old Shapanack cemetery. In 1757 Jonathan Hampton constructed this road through the village to connect Elizabethtown and Morristown . . . — Map (db m49024) HM
New York (Albany County), Albany — Fort Frederick
Fort Frederick Governor Edmund Andros Made an Inspection in Albany in 1676 and Found Fort Orange, Located Near the Foot of Madison Avenue in Poor Condition. He Ordered a New Fort Constructed at a Site in the Center of State Street Just West of Lodge Street. After Being Reconstructed Several Times, the Fort Was Removed Following the Revolution in 1784. — Map (db m5248) HM
New York (Albany County), Cohoes — Van Schaick Mansion
1735 - 1927 Van Schaick Mansion Home Of John G. Van Schaick and his Wife Anna Patriot Americans Built by Anthony Van Schaick Son of Goosen Gerritsen original patentee Headquarters August 18-September 8-1777 Northern Department Continental Army General Philip Schuyler General Horatio Gates Here was planned the Saratoga Campaign And here August 19-1777 General Gates assumed command From this place August 15-1777 General Benedict Arnold and his force . . . — Map (db m7250) HM
New York (Albany County), Colonie — Loudoun Ferry Road
1755 Constructed as Military Road from Albany to Lake George by Provincial Troops from New York, New England and New Jersey under command of Major General William Johnson ——— Named in honor of Major General John Campbell, 4th Earl of Loudoun. Commander in Chief of His Majesty's Forces in America, French and Indian War ——— 1776 General Henry Knox's Train of Artillery crossed here to aid General George Washington in the . . . — Map (db m24514) HM
New York (Chautauqua County), Westfield — At This Point
The French Portage built by Celoron in 1749 and rebuilt in 1753 descended the bank and crossed Chautauqua Creek Map (db m57177) HM
New York (Chautauqua County), Westfield — The French & Indian War 1756-1763A Fight for the Continent — French and Indian War
Waterways to the Interior Rivers and lakes served as the superhighways of the 18th century. Many rivers and lakes in the Colony of New York either bordered New France (Canada), or connected the bordering water bodies to the interior of the Colonies and the continent. All parties involved in the war exploited these routes to attack their respective enemies. The French "...defending their frontiers." French . . . — Map (db m57233) HM
New York (Chautauqua County), Westfield — The Old Portage Road
Built by Celoron in 1749 when he explored and claimed this region for France. Followed an Indian Trail and crossed the highway at this point in 1753. Map (db m57155) HM
New York (Chautauqua County), Westfield — The Old Portage Road
Built by Celoron in 1749 when he explored and claimed this region for France, followed an Indian Trail and crossed the highway at this point. In 1753 it was rebuilt by the French for military purposes Map (db m57171) HM
New York (Chemung County), Millport — Green Bently
1741-1821 served in Sullivan-Clinton Campaign and was a pioneer in Millport, dedicated by Boy Scouts of Millport — Map (db m77929) HM
New York (Clinton County), Champlain — Point au Fer Historic Site
This wasn't always the quiet, peaceful place you find today. Point au Fer was once an important strategic military post. The northern half of Lake Champlain used to be controlled by the French. On June 6, 1760, during the French and Indian War (1754-1763), British Army Major Robert Rogers and his rangers engaged a French force nearby at Scales Point and pushed them into Canada. After 1763, Britain controlled all of lake Champlain, including Point au Fer. In 1774, the British built a . . . — Map (db m48732) HM
New York (Clinton County), Champlain — The "White House"
In 1774, a two-story white stone garrison was built here by the British, fortified by American Gen. John Sullivan with entrenchment and stockade in 1776 and destroyed by fire in 1805. British occupation 1774 - 1775 and 1776-1796. American occupation May 1775 - Oct. 1776. Encampment of the British Army June 1777 during Burgoyne's Campaign to Saratoga. Also near here at Scales Point was Rogers' Rangers Battle of June 6, 1760. — Map (db m49069) HM
New York (Erie County), Buffalo — Joncaire Trading Post
Near here the Frenchman Chabert Joncaire in 1758 set up the first white establishment on the site of Buffalo. Evacuated 1759 at the approach of the British. — Map (db m57151) HM
New York (Essex County), Crown Point — “His Majesty’s Fort of Crown Point”
“The fort is of wood, built in a most masterly manner. It has five Bastions, mounts 105 guns, and has casements for 4,000 Men, and to hold provisions de Guerre et de Bouche for four months. Within the Fort are good Stone Barracks for Officers and Men which … would conveniently contain 500 men.” Journal of Lord Adam Gordon August 1765 “There is a Large Fort begun. The Foundation is laid … built with timber and earth and is 25 feet thick. It is to be built twenty . . . — Map (db m11442) HM
New York (Essex County), Crown Point — Capture of Fort St. Frédéric
This tablet is erected by the Society of Colonial Wars in the State of New York AD 1912 to commemorate the capture of Fort St. Frédéric and the erection of this fortress AD 1759 by the British and Provincial Army commanded by General Sir Jeffrey Amherst. British Regiments 1st QR the Royal Regiment of Foot, 17th Regiment of Foot Forbes, 27th Inniskilling Regiment of Foot, 42nd Royal Highlanders – Black Watch, 55th Regiment of Foot – Prideaux, 77th Regiment Montgomery’s . . . — Map (db m9336) HM
New York (Essex County), Crown Point — Crown Point: Military Focus
The most practical mode of travel and communication through the wilderness separating French Canada and British North America during the 18th century was by water. The Sorel (Richelieu) River, Lake Champlain, Wood Creek, and the Hudson River furnished a direct water route from Montreal to Albany, broken by portages around the rapids at Chambly on the Sorel and between the southern end of Wood Creek and the Hudson at Fort Edward. An alternative route by way of Lake George involved an additional . . . — Map (db m11434) HM
New York (Essex County), Crown Point — Fort St. Frédéric
Fort St. Frédéric consisted of an outer, bastioned stone wall enclosing the Citadel, a four-story, eight-sided tower with walls twelve feet thick at the base. Cannon were mounted on each floor of the Citadel, and entry was gained by a drawbridge over a dry ditch. This fortress-within-a-fort contained living quarters for officers and men, a bakery, armory, and storerooms. Swivel cannon were mounted around the perimeter of the fort’s walls. British expeditions led by General William Johnson . . . — Map (db m11415) HM
New York (Essex County), Crown Point — Israel Putnam
182 feet north of this spot stood the oak to which Israel Putnam was tied and tortured by the Indians in 1758 — Map (db m9340) HM
New York (Essex County), Crown Point — The Barracks
These barracks were constructed in the fashionable Georgian style of the day, uncommon in the northern interior of New York in the mid-18th century. The soldiers’ barracks is composed of four dwelling units of four rooms. Each doorway opens into a hallway flanked by two rooms. Originally, the hall contained a stairway to two rooms on the second story. Between twelve and eighteen soldiers occupied each room. Officers were allowed one or more rooms according to rank, and non-commissioned . . . — Map (db m11443) HM
New York (Essex County), Crown Point — The French at Crown Point
In 1730, the French erected a small wooden fort at Point a la Chevelure, now Chimney Point, Vermont, thereby taking control of territory claimed by Great Britain under the terms of the Treaty of Utrecht (1713). The following year, construction of Fort St. Frédéric was begun on the western shore of the lake. Completed by 1737, the fort was garrisoned by about one hundred officers and men. For the next quarter-century, raiding parties originating from this post, such as the one which burned . . . — Map (db m11435) HM
New York (Essex County), Ticonderoga — “The Black Watch”A.D. 1925
The Saint Andrews Society of Glens Falls, N.Y. erected this tablet to commemorate the heroic gallantry of the 42d Regiment of Foot better known as “The Royal Highlanders” of “The Black Watch” who on July 8, 1758 lost here in killed and wounded over six hundred of the thousand men engaged. -------------------------------- Mortally wounded on that day was their Major Duncan Campbell of Inverawe the hero of one of the most noted ghost stories of Scottish History and of . . . — Map (db m9561) HM
New York (Essex County), Ticonderoga — “The Black Watch”
Sacred to the memory of the gallant Highlanders of the 42nd Regiment of Foot “The Black Watch” From a regiment a thousand strong 205 died and 287 were wounded July 8, 1758 assaulting the French lines on the heights of Carillon - Their Glory Shall Never Die - ---------- The Black Watch Council of Ticonderoga The Society of Colonial War in the State of New Jersey The Society of Colonial Wars in the State of New York July 6, 1997 — Map (db m9579) HM
New York (Essex County), Ticonderoga — A Soldier of France
Here lie the bones of a soldier of France found under the Northwest Bastion of the Fort in November 1900 Rest in Peace — Map (db m9654) HM
New York (Essex County), Ticonderoga — Abercrombie's Landing
Fifteen thousand men landed here to attack Ticonderoga which was successfully defended by Montcalm July, 1758 — Map (db m45273) HM
New York (Essex County), Ticonderoga — Artillery Park
Along this site in July, 1759, British forces under Amherst erected an artillery battery to attack the French Fort at Carillon, which they seized and named Fort Ticonderoga. — Map (db m10078) HM
New York (Essex County), Ticonderoga — Carillon Outpost
Major outpost on Lake George, a small palisaded log fort, built in 1756 to defend Fort Carillon from British attack, & named Camp De Contrecoeur, stood in this vicinity. — Map (db m45104) HM
New York (Essex County), Ticonderoga — Death of Lord Howe
Near this spot, July 6, 1758 Lord George Augustus Howe was killed in a skirmish preceding Abercrombie’s defeat by Montcalm at Fort Carillon. — Map (db m6141) HM
New York (Essex County), Ticonderoga — Eighteen Colonial SoldiersR.I.P.
Here are interred the bones of Eighteen Colonial Soldiers found near the Old Military Road in Ticonderoga Village on Nov. 1st 1924 — Map (db m9650) HM
New York (Essex County), Ticonderoga — Fort Carillon
Built by the French 1755-1758 General James Abercrombie defeated by the Marquis de Montcalm, July 8, 1758 Captured by Sir Jeffery Amherst July 27, 1759 and renamed Fort Ticonderoga Captured by Ethan Allen May 10, 1775 Captured by Sir John Burgoyne July 6, 1777 Colonel John Brown repulsed by General Powell Sept. 18, 1777. — Map (db m9447) HM
New York (Essex County), Ticonderoga — Fort TiconderogaHistoric New York
During the 18th century, when nations fought to control the strategic route between the St. Lawrence River in Canada and the Hudson River to the south, the fortification overlooking the outlet of Lake George into Lake Champlain was called “the key to a continent.” The French constructed here in 1755 the stronghold they named Carillon, and made it a base to attack their English rivals. In 1758, Carillon, under Marquis de Montcalm, withstood assault by superior British forces. The . . . — Map (db m9094) HM
New York (Essex County), Ticonderoga — From this point south…
From this point south, this street follows the route of the Indian carry between the lakes and of Montcalm’s military road traversed by Washington and Franklin during the Revolution. Erected by Ticonderoga Chapter Daughters of the American Revolution 1925 — Map (db m9090) HM
New York (Essex County), Ticonderoga — George Augustus Viscount Howe
To commemorate the heroic gallantry and noble character of George Augustus Viscount Howe Brigadier-General of His Majesty’s Forces in America. Killed near Trout Brook two days before the great battle of Carillon July 6, 1758. His death an irreparable loss to the Army. Beloved and honored by the officers and men of both the British and American regiments. Erected by The English Speaking Union of the United States 1958 — Map (db m9562) HM
New York (Essex County), Ticonderoga — Grand Carry Landing
This tablet marks the landing for the grand carry on the Great War Trail between the Indian tribes of the north and south country. It also marks the beginning of that carry between the lakes to avoid the falls and rapids, which later became the Military Road built by the French in 1755. The French saw mill, the first ever built in the Champlain Valley, was erected in 1756 at the foot of the falls on the site of the present mills. In this saw mill, Abercromby had his headquarters during his . . . — Map (db m16309) HM
New York (Essex County), Ticonderoga — Indian Trail
Through this pass to Trout Brook ran an Indian Trail, used by Robert Rogers after Battle on Snowshoes, 1758, on retreat to Ft. Wm. Henry Ticonderoga Historical Society Map (db m9533) HM
New York (Essex County), Ticonderoga — Indian Trail
Battling French & Indians and on retreat from Snowshoe Battle in 1758, Rogers' Rangers crossed over this mountain where Rogers staged his legendary escape at Rogers Rock on Lake George. — Map (db m45765) HM
New York (Essex County), Ticonderoga — Liberty Monument
. . . — Map (db m15593) HM
New York (Essex County), Ticonderoga — Lord Howe’s Grave
On October 3rd, 1889, a workman digging a trench opened by mere accident across the street from this point, a grave which contained the skeleton of a man, and within this grave found, at its head, a stone, now in the Black Watch Library in this village, similar to that shown in relief in the seal on this tablet. On this stone is inscribed in rude letters, evidently picked by a bayonet point the following: “Mem of Lo Howe killed Trout Brook.” George Augustus Lord Viscount . . . — Map (db m9539) HM
New York (Essex County), Ticonderoga — Near this spot stood Montcalm1712 - - - 1759
Near this spot stood Louis-Joseph de Gozon Marquis de Montcalm on the 8th of July 1758. With a small force of French troops and Canadian volunteers, he prevented the capture of Fort Carillon by defeating a much superior British and Colonial army under General James Abercrombie This monument erected in 1927 to honor a brave and gallant gentleman — Map (db m9573) HM
New York (Essex County), Ticonderoga — Old Military Road
Along this street ran the old military road fortified in 1759 by General Amherst prior to the siege at Fort Ticonderoga. — Map (db m9091) HM
New York (Essex County), Ticonderoga — Old Military RoadCrown Point to Ticonderoga — 1689 – 1783
Used by troops during early Colonial Wars and during the American Revolution. — Map (db m9339) HM
New York (Essex County), Ticonderoga — Rogers’ Rangers
Robert Rogers and 74 of his Rangers in Jan. 1757 in this vicinity fought superior French forces for several hours and successfully escaped. Ticonderoga Historical Society Map (db m9537) HM
New York (Essex County), Ticonderoga — Summit of Mount Defiance
Marker #1: Two historic waterways converge at Ticonderoga. Long before the region became important to European powers, Native Americans made a portage here for carrying canoes and gear between Lake George and Lake Champlain. The five-mile-long La Chute River flows out of Lake George, (behind the mountain to your left), and joins Lake Champlain in the estuary below. The river, whose name means “the falls” in French, powered a French sawmill during construction of Fort Carillon . . . — Map (db m19882) HM
New York (Essex County), Ticonderoga — The Carillon Battlefield
In the mid-18th century, this battlefield was a focal point in the Seven Years’ War, a world war between France and Great Britain. Here the two super-powers struggled for control of the Lake Champlain Lake George water highway, the strategic communication link between New York, the British administrative center, and Montreal, the second largest city of New France. In July of 1758, the British commanded by General James Abercromby, launched an attack on For Carillon (Ticonderoga), the newest . . . — Map (db m9590) HM
New York (Essex County), Ticonderoga — The French Lines
Built by troops under Montcalm July 6-7, 1758. Repaired by American troops 1776. — Map (db m9565) HM
New York (Essex County), Ticonderoga — Through this entrance . . .
1776                         1929 Through this entrance to the place D’Armes of the fort have passed George Washington, Ethan Allen, Benjamin Franklin, Seth Warner, Benedict Arnold, Major Robert Rogers, Horatio Gates, The Marquis de Montcalm, Anthony Wayne, The Duc de Levis, Arthur St. Clair, Sir Jeffrey Amherst, Henry Knox, Sir Guy Carleton, Philip Schuyler, Major John Andre, Richard Montgomery, Sir John Burgoyne, Thaddeus . . . — Map (db m9449) HM
New York (Essex County), Ticonderoga — Troops of Colonial Wars at Ticonderoga
In tribute to the heroism of the troops under the unfortunate Maj. Gen’l. James Abercromby in the attack on the French lines, July 8th, 1758, to mark the capture of Fort Carillon by Lieut. Gen’l. Sir Jeffrey Amherst July 27th, 1759 and, to record the names of the British and American military units which served in the Colonial Wars at Ticonderoga. This monument is erected by the Society of Colonial Wars 1949 — Map (db m9585) HM
New York (Fulton County), Fish House — "Fish House"
of Sir Wm. Johnson 1500 ft. northeast of this marker built 1762. Village derived name from lodge. Burned by Tories and Indians, 1781 — Map (db m45607) HM
New York (Fulton County), Johnstown — A Colonial(Sir William Johnson)
Sent to the Province of New York in 1737, by his uncle Sir Peter Warren for the purpose of supervising landed property in the Mohawk Valley, William Johnson engaged in trade with settlers and Indians.

Prospering in mercantile enterprises, he began the purchase of lands which eventually comprised 210,000 acres in Colonial New York, at the time of his death in 1774.

Commissioned an officer of the Provincial Militia during George's War, he supplied Frontier outposts from Schenectady to . . . — Map (db m52124) HM

New York (Fulton County), Johnstown — A Military Commander(Sir William Johnson)
Hostilities of the Seven Years' War having commenced, Colonel William Johnson was commissioned a Major General of Provincial Forces and assigned to command the Crown Point Expedition against the French, in 1755. After the failure of the other expeditions that year, including the defeat of General Braddock on the Monongahela, Major General William Johnson, at the Battle of Lake George, 8 September 1755, saved the Province of New York from invasion and turned in the only victory for the Crown in . . . — Map (db m52121) HM
New York (Fulton County), Johnstown — Grave of Sir William Johnson
Grave of Sir William Johnson Baronet 1715 - MASON - 1774 His Indian name Warraghiyagey "he who does much business" Founder of Johnstown St. John's Episcopal Church St. Patrick's Lodge 4 F.&A.M. First Free School Supt. of Indian Affairs Major General British Army Colonel of the Six Nations Builder of an Empire — Map (db m54281) HM
New York (Fulton County), Johnstown — In Memory of Sir William Johnson, Baronet.
A man of strong character. A colossal pioneer. One of the greatest men of his time. Sole superintendent and faithful friend of the Six Nations and their Allies. Their Warragiyaey. Founder of Johnstown. He established here the first free school in the state. Born in Ireland, 1715. Died in Johnstown, 1774. — Map (db m57754) HM
New York (Fulton County), Mayfield — Burying Ground
‹— « Burying Ground Graves of Captain Gershom Woodworth, French and Indian and Revolutionary Wars and Sergeant Selah Woodworth of Revolution: Mayfield Pioneer. — Map (db m68208) HM
New York (Genesee County), LeRoy — Roswell Parmelee
Genesee County's only known French & Indian War veteran Pioneer of Stone Church Died 1811 age 72 buried in Fort Hill Cemetery Le Roy — Map (db m57317) HM
New York (Herkimer County), Little Falls — Fort Hendrick
Ft. Hendrick 1754-1760 British post guarding Mohawk Castle. Named for King Hendrick killed at Lake George, Sept. 1755 N.Y. State Historical Marker — Map (db m57269) HM
New York (Herkimer County), Little Falls — General Nicholas Herkimer's Mansion
Featured Text on Marker: Peace following the French and Indian War (1756-1763) provided security on the frontier, and in 1764, Nicholas Herkimer constructed the Georgian style mansion you see here. The house remained in the Herkimer family until 1814. It then passed through a succession of owners who considerably altered it inside and out. When the State of New York purchased the property in 1913, the mansion was in very poor condition. The first restoration activities were . . . — Map (db m75328) HM
New York (Herkimer County), Mohawk — Fort Herkimer
Site of home of Johan Jost, Herkimer ca. 1740 fortified 1756-57 military outpost During French & Indian and Revolutionary Wars — Map (db m32461) HM
New York (Herkimer County), Mohawk — Fort Herkimer
Fort Herkimer Stood 86 rods west of this church. It served as a place of refuge for the pioneers from attacks by the French and Indians, and during the War of the Revolution, with this church, as a place of defense and a base of military supplies. — Map (db m57328) HM
New York (Monroe County), Greece — Converge on MontrealThe British Plan — French & Indian War
Destination Montreal In 1759, the British plan for defeating the French in North America involved major expeditions that would cut off French supply routes up and down the St. Lawrence River, block French advances south through the Champlain Valley, and isolate the French forts in the interior by controlling the Niagara River. The final phase of the plan in 1760 involved three armies converging on and taking Montreal, the seat of the French government on the continent. Toward Niagara . . . — Map (db m90216) HM
New York (Monroe County), Irondequoit — British Army EncampmentPrideaux's Campaign — French & Indian War
Bivouac For two days, July 2nd and 3rd, 1759, a force of 3,000 soldiers under the command of Brigidier General John Prideaux camped here. The army was advancing along the lake on a campaign from Oswego to Four Mile Creek, near Fort Niagara. Here they prepared for the eventual seige of Fort Niagara by conducting artillery drills, cooking rations, and checking personal weapons. Bird's Eye View of the Bay and Encampment from the North Loaded bateaux were hidden in the bay to avoid . . . — Map (db m90266) HM
New York (Montgomery County), Fort Johnson — Fort Johnson, 1749
Third Mohawk Valley House built by Sir William Johnson. Important military post and Indian Council place of 1754-60 — Map (db m46976) HM
New York (Montgomery County), Fultonville — Mohawk AreaHistoric New York
          The Mohawk Valley was a principal pass to the interior between the Adirondack Mountains and the Allegheny Plateau. Here dwelt the Mohawks, one of the Nations of the Iroquois Confederacy who barred the white man's advance westward. In the seventeenth century they were visited by French Catholic missionaries from Canada, some of whom suffered martyrdom. In 1712, with the aid of Queen Anne, an Anglican Chapel for the Mohawks was erected at Fort Hunter.           Trade goods and furs . . . — Map (db m75968) HM
New York (Montgomery County), Palatine Bridge — This Is Mohawk CountryHistoric New York
The majestic Mohawk Valley has been the scene of many key events which have helped to shape the character and destiny of New York State and the nation. This was once the home of the proud Mohawks, one of the main tribes of the powerful six-nation Iroquois Confederacy. As the main gateway between the Adirondack Mountains, and the Allegheny Plateau, the valley came to be used by French-Catholic missionaries, land-hungry settlers moving west, foreign travelers, French and Indian raiders, British . . . — Map (db m84167) HM
New York (Montgomery County), Sprout Brook — Flint Homesite
Flint Homesite Robert Flint - Pioneer and Lieutenant French and Indian Wars, Cornelius Flint - Soldier Revolution — Map (db m48399) HM
New York (Niagara County), Lewiston — Fighting for HomelandAmerican Indian Allies — New York State French & Indian War Commemoration - 250 Years
British and French Compete for Alliances Both the French and the British negotiated with American Indian tribes, either to gain their support or to convince them to remain neutral. In Canada, Algonquian tribes; the Ottawa, Huron, Abenaki, and Minimac, allied with the French. Iroquois tribes; the Seneca, Cayuga, Onondaga, Oneida, Mohawk, and Tuscarora, were enemies of the Algonquian and were allied to the British, or remained neutral. Map based on an early English drawing, . . . — Map (db m77202) HM
New York (Niagara County), Lewiston — The Lower LandingNorthern terminus of the Niagara Porter, early bypass route around Niagara Falls
For early travelers coming up the Niagara River on their way from Lake Ontario to the other Great Lakes, this area - known as the Lower Landing - marked the beginning of the Niagara Portage, the shortest and most accessible route around Niagara Falls and the swirling waters of the Niagara Gorge. Created by Native peoples long before the arrival of Europeans, the Portage was adopted for use by the French, British, and American traders, soldiers, merchants, and travelers from the 17th century . . . — Map (db m66302) HM
New York (Niagara County), Lewiston — The Magazin RoyaleA simple structure with a grand name establishes a permanent French presence at the Lower Landing
Louis Thomas de Joncaire, a French soldier captured and adopted by the Seneca until repatriated in 1694, played an important role for the French as an interpreter and trader. Joncaire and his sons are the French men most commonly associated with the Lower Landing Joncaire began meeting with the Indians to trade and talk during the early 1700s and built a permanent structure at the Lower Landing in 1720. Working quickly, Joncaire and his men "built in haste a kind of cabbin of bark, . . . — Map (db m66264) HM
New York (Niagara County), Niagara Falls — Fort SchlosserGuarding the Upper Landing
Great Lakes Seaway Trail. New York State French and Indian War Commemoration 250 years. Securing Military and Commercial Goods. Fort Schlosser was built to protect the upper portage landing and was used as a storehouse for military and commercial goods, facilitating the supply of western outposts. The importance of securing this strategic area was recognized by early explorers and the French army as well. The landing was fortified by the French prior to the war, but they burned their . . . — Map (db m72889) HM
New York (Niagara County), Niagara Falls — The Great Cataract of NiagaraAn attraction even in wartime
Early European Visitors The Niagara River, with its mighty falls and rapids, was well known by Native Americans. Word of its majesty reached European explorers and soldiers who came to North America. Despite their mission, explorers and soldiers alike took time to see the watery spectacles for themselves. 1615 Etienne Brule, a French explorer may have been the first European to actually view the Falls and gorge. 1678 French explorer La Salle passed through here on his way to survey . . . — Map (db m72940) HM
New York (Niagara County), Niagara Falls — The Niagara Portage
The Niagara Portage. For thousands of years the seven-mile-long Niagara Portage linked Lake Ontario to Lake Erie by providing travelers with a land route around Niagara Falls. The portage trail ran from the Upper Landing, 1.5 miles above the falls (looking upriver to your left) to the Lower Landing below the Escarpment (Lewiston). In the 18th century, Europeans converted the trail into a road capable of supporing oxcarts. Niagara River looking towards Lake Ontario, ca. 1868 postcard. Forts . . . — Map (db m87918) HM
New York (Niagara County), Niagara Falls — The Power of the American Rapids
The American Rapids begin at the upstream end of Goat Island. From there, they drop about 50 feet (15 meters) in elevation to the brink of the American Falls and Bridal Veil Falls. Although no more than a few feet deep, these swift rapids are extremely dangerous. The hard dolostone riverbed has been worn smooth by water, but is also quite fractured and covered with numerous potholes. In the 1750's, Daniel Chabert de Joncaire built a sawmill and dug a small canal along these rapids. The canal . . . — Map (db m87887) HM
New York (Niagara County), Niagara Falls — Tragedy at Devil's Hole / Natural History of Devil's HoleThe Devil's Hole Massacre
Tragedy at Devil's Hole Pontiac's Rebellion The British victory in the French and Indian War (1754-1763) resulted in an uprising under Pontiac, an Ottawa leader, against the British presence in the Upper Great Lakes region. The Niagara Portage was a vital transportation link for supplies and troops being sent to British forts to suppress Pontiac's raids.

Pontiac made an organized effort to get many tribes to rebel and attack the Anglo-American forts. He was successful in the spring . . . — Map (db m74792) HM

New York (Niagara County), Porter — British Forces Landed at Mouth of 4 Mile Creek
British forces under Brig. Gen John Prideaux and Sir William Johnson landed at mouth of 4 Mile Creek, July 6, 1759. Besieged Fort Niagara. — Map (db m79641) HM
New York (Niagara County), Porter — To the Memory
To the memory of unknown officers and enlisted men who participated in the early Indian wars in this frontier and in the Revolutionary War, whose remains are interred in this cemetery. — Map (db m89083) WM
New York (Niagara County), Youngstown — Field of La Belle Famille
Field of La Belle Famille —•— Where on July 24, 1759, French forces of Capt. Francois Le Marchand De Lignery and Capt. Charles Aubry, with Indian allies, hastening to the relief of Fort Niagara, were defeated by British and Indians under Lieut.-Col. Eyre Massey. — Map (db m82545) HM
New York (Niagara County), Youngstown — La Belle Famille
»---› Site of Battle La Belle Famille July 24, 1759, deciding British capture of French Fort Niagara Map (db m67344) HM
New York (Niagara County), Youngstown — La Belle Famille
On the Battlefield of La Belle Famille Father Claude Joseph Virot S. J. Chaplain of the French forces was killed by the Iroquois July 24, 1759. — Map (db m67345) HM WM
New York (Niagara County), Youngstown — Magasin à Poudre(Powder Magazine)
Built By Capitaine François Pouchot 1757 Rehabilitated Through The Generosity of Wallace I. Keep 1932 Dedicated as L' Institut d' Honneur (Institute of Honor) — Map (db m67466) HM
New York (Niagara County), Youngstown — The "Castle" of Fort Niagara
This House, The "Castle" of Fort Niagara was built by the French 1726, approximately on the site occupied by La Salle 1678, and Denonville 1687. Taken by the British 1759, it was held by them as a base of warfare against the American frontiers during the War of the Revolution. First occupied by the United States Aug. 11, 1796: Retaken by the British Dec. 19, 1813, coming finally, May 22, 1815, under the flag of the United States Of . . . — Map (db m67421) HM
New York (Niagara County), Youngstown — The Battle of La Belle FamilleFrench Losses: The Battle & The Interior
July 24, 1759 At this location British troops set defenses against French reinforcements, intent on breaking the British siege of Fort Niagara. Though outnumbered, the British repelled the advance and assured the fall of the Fort. Their supply route cut, the French were ultimately expelled from the Ohio frontier. La Belle Famille was nothing more than a clearing in the vast forest that offered British troops the best opportunity to engage the French troops. The origin of the . . . — Map (db m67347) HM
New York (Niagara County), Youngstown — The Niagara Portage: Gateway to the West
During the 18th century, the Niagara Portage provided one of the great access points to the interior of North America. Here, travelers from the east could reach the upper Great Lakes after a relatively short portage around Niagara Falls. Fort Niagara controlled this strategically vital portage. Travelers could begin their journey by land at the fort, or venture seven miles upriver and go ashore at the Lower Landing (Lewiston, New York). In either case, they first had to pass under the guns . . . — Map (db m67384) HM
New York (Niagara County), Youngstown — The Siege of Fort NiagaraA Calculated Attack
In July 1759, 2,300 British and New York troops, with about 900 Iroquois allies laid siege to French-held Fort Niagara. 19 days later, with its wall breached and a French relief force defeated only a mile away, Fort Niagara surrendered. Plan of Attack Laying siege to a fort required technical skill and much backbreaking labor. Beginning about 1,000 yards away, attackers dug a trench or "sap" toward the fort. The trench zigzagged its way towards the fort to deflect enemy . . . — Map (db m67473) HM
New York (Oneida County), Rome — Fort Bull
250 Paces from here is the site of Fort Bull the scene of fierce struggles during the early Indian Wars- twenty years before the revolution — Map (db m43098) HM
New York (Oneida County), Rome — Fort Bull
On Water Route Destroyed And Many Killed By French & Indians March 27 1756 — Map (db m43448) HM
New York (Oneida County), Rome — Stars & Stripes First Flew in BattleFort Stanwix
Here Aug. 3, 1777 the Stars & Stripes First Flew In Battle Above the Southwest Bastion of Fort Stanwix (Schuyler) Here Aug 2d to 22d Col. Peter Gansevoort's New York & Massachusetts Continentals successfully withstood a siege by British Regulars, Hessians, Mohawk Valley Tories & Indians under Lt. Col. Barry St. Leger - Lt. Col. Marinus Willett Aug. 6th conducting the sortie to relieve the enemy pressure upon Gen. Nicholas Herkimer's militia ambushed in . . . — Map (db m32402) HM
New York (Oneida County), Rome — The Gateway between East and West.... — Fort Stanwix National Monument
For centuries water was the easiest way to move people, goods, and ideas. Hundreds of tons of trade goods passed over the Oneida Carrying Place — here raw materials sent east from the Great Lakes region passed manufactured goods heading west. Canoes and flat-bottomed boats called bateaux were the primary watercraft in this region. — Map (db m32584) HM
New York (Oneida County), Rome — The Oneida Carrying Place
Near this point lay the road of The Oneida Carrying Place called De-O-Wain-Sta By the Indians It formed the connecting link between the waters of the north and south and was from early time an important strategic point — Map (db m32411) HM
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