|Alabama (Autauga County), Prattville — Buena Vista — Montgomery-Janes-Wittaker Home — (circa 1830)|
|This antebellum plantation house was completed by Capt. William Montgomery, a contemporary of Prattville's founder, Daniel Pratt.
This “Deep South” architecture reflects the Federal style with the later addition of a Colonial Revival facade that includes a portico with Ionic Columns and a cast ironwork balcony. Interesting features of this structure are the delicately crafted fanlights over the front entrance and in the gable ends. A circular staircase spiraling 24 feet . . . — Map (db m70795) HM|
|Alabama (Autauga County), Prattville — Daniel Pratt Cemetery / George Cooke|
|(Front): Daniel Pratt CemeteryFinal resting place of early Alabama industrialist Daniel Pratt, 1799-1873, and wife Esther Ticknor Pratt, 1803-1875. He was from New Hampshire and she, Connecticut. Married 1827 at Fortville, Jones County, Georgia.
The former carpenter’s apprentice practiced his craft in Milledgeville, Ga. Where he gained skill in building and design. In 1832 Pratt came to Alabama to build cotton gins. Esther encouraged Pratt to remain in Alabama in order for him . . . — Map (db m27957) HM|
|Alabama (Autauga County), Prattville — Heritage Park|
|Located within Daniel Pratt Historic District, this park overlooks Autauga Creek and the manufacturing complex around which this New England style village developed. Daniel Pratt founded Prattville in 1839, and patterned the town after those of his native New Hampshire. Pratt chose this site to manufacture cotton gins because of the abundant water power. The many artesian wells gave Prattville the name, "The Fountain City." Some of the buildings in view here have been used continuously since . . . — Map (db m27958) HM|
|Alabama (Autauga County), Prattville — Mulbry Grove Cottage — McWilliams - Smith - Rice House|
|Built circa, 1840s by A.K. McWilliams, this story and one-half Federal-style raised cottage with Greek Revival elements was the residence of Amos Smith, who name the town of Prattville.
The west front parlor was the meeting place where the Prattville Dragoons, a Civil War unit, was organized in 1861. Occupied for many years by George L. and Abbie Holt Smith, the house remained in the hands of their descendants until 1995. Charles Rice, a nephew by marriage of George and Abbie Smith’s son, . . . — Map (db m27982) HM|
|Alabama (Autauga County), Prattville — Pratt Homesite — Circa 1842|
|Daniel Pratt, Prattville’s founding father,
constructed an imposing home and garden
within a quarter-mile of this site on
Autauga Creek, near his industrial complex.
The large home was designed and erected by
Pratt himself, a noted architect / builder.
The white frame house featured New England
architectural elements characteristic of
Pratt’s style and incorporated a narrow,
two-story portico and balcony. Pratt also added
An art gallery to the home displaying paintings by
George . . . — Map (db m27985) HM|
|Alabama (Barbour County), Eufaula — Confederate Hospital|
1861 - 1865
“Sanctuary for valiant and courageous men”
Built for a river tavern 1836
Placed by Barbour County Chapter United Daughter of the Confederacy. — Map (db m27986) HM|
|Alabama (Barbour County), Eufaula — Fendall Hall / Young and Dent — The Young - Dent Home|
Built between 1856 and 1860 by Edward Brown Young and his wife, Ann Fendall Beall, this was one of the first of the great Italianate style homes constructed in Eufaula. It later became the home of the builders’ daughter, Anna Beall Young, and her husband, Stouten Hubert Dent. The Dents renovated the house in the 1880s in the styles and colors then popular, and hired a Mr. LaFranc to stencil and paint the ceilings and walls of the hall, parlor, and dining room. These three . . . — Map (db m33759) HM|
|Alabama (Calhoun County), Jacksonville — Doctor Francis' Office|
|This general practitioner's office is the only remaining structure of its type in northeast Alabama. It was built on the court-house square about 1850 by Dr. J. C. Francis, a beloved family doctor who served Jacksonville for more than 50 years. He provided an apothecary in the front portion of his office. Associated with him in this office was Dr. C. J. Clark, a well known Confederate army surgeon and director of the Alabama Hospital in Richmond. John M. Francis, a grandson of Dr. Francis, also . . . — Map (db m23350) HM|
|Alabama (Calhoun County), Jacksonville — Jacksonville — First County Seat — Calhoun County, 1833-99|
|Town first called Drayton.
Renamed in 1834 to honor
President Andrew Jackson.
Seat moved to Anniston in 1899.
Calhoun Co. originally was Benton Co.,
for Col. T. H. Benton, Creek War officer,
later U. S. Senator from Missouri.
Renamed in 1858 for John C. Calhoun,
champion of South in U. S. Senate.
Benton’s views by then unpopular in South. — Map (db m36471) HM|
|Alabama (Calhoun County), Jacksonville — Thomas A. Walker — 1811-1888|
|Prominent citizen of Jacksonville who served Alabama as Brigadier General, State Militia; member Legislature and Pres. of Senate; Circuit Court Judge; and Pres. Ala. and Tenn. Railroad
He owned extensive cotton plantations and mining interests throughout the state
His home, "The Magnolias", built in 1850, is an outstanding example of Southern architecture — Map (db m29921) HM|
|Alabama (Clarke County), Claiborne — 93001517 — Dellet-Bedsole Plantation — C. 1850 — National Register of Historic Places|
|This 4000 acre complex has been recognized for its contribution to our understanding of the history of Monroe County and the State of Alabama. Originally developed as a cotton plantation during the Antebellum period, this farm has been in continuous operation from the early 1800's and reflects the changes in rural agrarian Alabama from that period to the present time. The plantation retains 16 building and sites of historic significance and shows evidence of occupation for long periods of time . . . — Map (db m80345) HM|
|Alabama (Colbert County), Tuscumbia — William Winston Home|
|Construction on the home which became the center building of Deshler High School was begun in 1824 by Clark T. Barton. William Winston purchased and completed the Georgian-style dwelling in 1833. The largest remaining antebellum house in Tuscumbia, it features a winding staircase, eight fireplaces, and ten original closets along with an inscription on the cellar wall written during the Union occupation saying: "It is a damn shame to destroy this mansion." Original log kitchen placed at N.W. . . . — Map (db m28565) HM|
|Alabama (Dallas County), Cahaba — A Prison Chimney?|
|This engraving of the Union Prison at Cahaba was published in 1877 by Benson J. Lossing. The stockade had already been removed, so the details of the brick structure are visible. The artist apparently was in a boat in the Alabama River, behind you to your right. He did record a chimney in this area.
Experts believe that the chimney standing before you today was built at a much later date. What do you think?
Caption: Union Prison at Cahawba.1 — Map (db m83506) HM|
|Alabama (Dallas County), Cahaba — Cahaba Drug Store|
|The Cahaba Drug Store once covered this cellar hole. It was operated by Herbert Hudson and J. D. Craig.
On the same lot were T. L. Craig's large family grocery, Coleman's dry goods store, and Fellows' Jewelry.
All these men were related through marriage. — Map (db m23008) HM|
|Alabama (Dallas County), Cahaba — Cahaba First State Capital — 1818-1826|
|This stone marks the site of Cahaba, selected November 21, 1818 as the first permanent capital of Alabama. The seat of goverment remaining here until removed to Tuscaloosa by the Legislature, January 1825.
On December 13, 1819, it was fixed as the Seat of Justice of Dallas County, and so continued until December 14, 1865.
As state capital and as county seat, Cahaba was representative of the best in the life of a Great Commonwealth.
Erected by the Alabama Centennial Commission and . . . — Map (db m22609) HM|
|Alabama (Dallas County), Cahaba — Cahawba's Changing Landscape|
In 1818, Alabama's first governor carved the capital city of Cahawba out of the wilderness. In less than 50 years, Cahawba grew from a frontier capital full of log cabins to one of America's wealthiest communities, with some of the finest mansions in the state. Then abruptly, after the
Civil War, it was abandoned.
Today Cahawba is a ghost town, an important archaeological site, and a place of picturesque ruins. Ironically, in 1818, Cahawba's landscape was also full of ruins—the . . . — Map (db m83508) HM|
|Alabama (Dallas County), Cahaba — Civil War Prison|
|In 1858, the railroad company graded away an Indian mound that stood here. A brick warehouse was built in its place. From 1863 - 1865 the Confederate government used this warehouse to hold captured Federal Soldiers. You are standing on a pile of brick rubble from this structure.
This official 1864 diagram helped archaeologists identify the actual prison site. Carefully excavated clues revealed that a proposed extension to the stockade was actually built.
If you follow the brick rubble . . . — Map (db m22666) HM|
|Alabama (Dallas County), Cahaba — Commissary - R.R. Depot|
|This cellar was under Joseph Babcock's brick store. During the Civil War the building was used as a commissary.
Babcock's warehouse and cotton shed were located to your right on the bluff overlooking the river. The family home, kitchen, and garden stood between this store and the warehouse.
In 1860 the Babcock family sold the land between this sign and Capitol Street to the Cahawba, Marion and Greensboro Railroad Company for a train depot. Railroad tracks had been laid directly down Capitol Street in 1858. — Map (db m23287) HM|
|Alabama (Dallas County), Cahaba — Crocheron's Row|
|A "row" was a 19th century shopping mall. The word was used when a building or block had several similar storefronts arranged in a straight line or row.
This cellar marks the spot where David and Nicholas Crocheron built a large 2 story brick row. It was completed in 1822. At that time, most of Cahawba's stores were in log cabins. The brothers had previously built the town's other brick structure, the Statehouse.
This building contained eight different stores or offices, equally . . . — Map (db m83509) HM|
|Alabama (Dallas County), Cahaba — Dallas County Courthouse|
|The grassed over mound of brick before you was once Dallas County's courthouse. This courthouse was built in 1834. It was dismantled prior to 1905 by brick salvagers.
Cahawba was the county seat from 1818 to 1866. This brought a lot of people, business and money into town. When the county seat was moved to Selma in 1866, most of Cahaba's residents moved also.
After the Civil War, the abandoned courthouse became a meeting hall for freedman seeking new political power. Cahaba was known . . . — Map (db m23010) HM|
|Alabama (Dallas County), Cahaba — Footprint of a Church|
St. Luke's Episcopal Church was built at Cahawba in 1854 but was dismantled and moved sometime after 1884 but before 1888. It was reassembled fifteen miles away in a rural community called Martin's Station. The raised outline before you indicates the original location of this church.
Finding the original location was not easy. In 1906 a former resident Anna Gayle Fry published her memories of Cahawba. Her book states that St. Luke's was located on the corner of Pine . . . — Map (db m83510) HM|
|Alabama (Dallas County), Cahaba — Old Cemetery|
|This site was set aside by the 1820 General Assembly, burials here date from 1818 to 1847. Interred are some of the state's earliest figures. There is no record of names, many handsome tombs have been destroyed, seven marked ones remaining, six are those of Elizabeth Comalander, Mary L. Harris, Thos. B. Rutherford, Indiana Crenshaw, Geo. William Dewolf and M. Elisha Clap, Jr. some unmarked graves remain. A brick wall once enclosed the plot. — Map (db m23355) HM|
|Alabama (Dallas County), Cahaba — Saltmarsh Hall|
|In the late 1850s, Cahaba experienced a building boom. Everyone expected the town to prosper because of the new railroad. One of the first large brick structures built in this prosperous period was completed in 1856 by Dr. Saltmarsh.
He wanted the town to have a large hall for public occasions. The second floor was fitted up as a concert or exhibition hall. Many fancy dress balls were held here.
A small cellar from this structure is still visible today. — Map (db m23009) HM|
|Alabama (Dallas County), Cahaba — Site of Alabama's Statehouse — 1820 - 1825|
|This structure collapsed in 1833 and its fallen remains were reportedly heaped into a railroad embankment. Consequently, we have no picture of the Statehouse that was drawn by someone who actually saw the building. Any modern picture you see of this structure is pure conjecture.
We can only hope that archaeologists will uncover important clues to the appearance of Cahawba's Statehouse. — Map (db m75909) HM|
|Alabama (Dallas County), Cahaba — St. Luke's Episcopal Church|
|St. Luke's was consecrated in 1854. It was an outstanding example of the Gothic Revival style, popular at the time. The contractor closely followed designs in a widely circulated book, Rural Architecture, published in 1852 by the celebrated architect Richard Upjohn.
In 1878, after the decline of the town, the church was moved 11 miles to Martin's Station Alabama. Over a hundred years later archaeologists were able to uncover the footprint of the structure that once stood here, compare it to . . . — Map (db m75922) HM|
|Alabama (Dallas County), Cahaba — The Crocheron Columns|
|The Crocherons were from Staten Island, New York. Richard Conner Crocheron arrived in town about 1837 to help run the family store. He traveled north for his bride in 1843 after building her this brick home. The back wall adjoined the brick store that had been built by his uncles 20 years earlier. The front porch had a magnificent view of two rivers. The columns you see today were once part of a side portico. The family owned a line of ocean-going steamers and they escaped the summer heat by . . . — Map (db m22870) HM|
|Alabama (Dallas County), Cahaba — The Old Brick Store|
|By 1858 many brick stores had been built in Cahaba, so everyone called this the "old brick store." Merchant Sam M. Hill turned the building into one huge dry goods store where shoppers could buy just about anything!
Col. Hill, like most of the merchants in Cahaba, traveled to New York twice a year to stock up on new seasonal goods. They traveled by steam-boat down the Alabama then by packet boat from Mobile or New Orleans to New York via Cuba. In 1859, Col. Hill made this trip in less than four days! — Map (db m23242) HM|
|Alabama (Dallas County), Cahaba — Vine Street|
|Vine Street was Cahawba's business district. Stores, offices and hotels were tightly packed together along these three blocks. Homes were scattered over an entire square mile. Nearly every house had a yard of one or two acres. — Map (db m83520) HM|
|Alabama (Dallas County), Selma — “Fairoaks”|
|This Greek revival mansion was built c. 1853 for William B. King and named “Fairoaks” for the many trees found about the place. King was the nephew of Vice President William Rufus King. Ann B. Wilson, a half-sister of the builder, inherited it and in 1862 sold it to Judge Franklin W. Siddons.
During the Civil War and following the Battle of Selma the property was occupied by Wilson’s Raiders and used as a hospital for Union soldiers. The Siddons family was allowed to occupy two . . . — Map (db m83521) HM|
|Alabama (Dallas County), Selma — Fairoaks Square|
|Once a gracious turn-of-the-century neighborhood, many of the homes here were close to condemnation when purchased by Circle “S” Industries, Inc. in 1980. In all, 12 Victorian cottages were renovated in the area.
Built between 1870 and 1920, the varied architecture includes Italianate, Carpenter Gothic and Greek revival. The exteriors were authentically restored and the interiors, while adapted to contemporary living, retain many original features.
The area is called . . . — Map (db m37651) HM|
|Alabama (Dallas County), Selma — Sturdivant Hall|
|One of the finest examples of neo-classic architecture in the South; designed by Thomas Helm Lee for Edward T. Watts. Completed in 1853.
Sold 1864 to John M. Parkman,
1870 to Emile Gillman.
Purchased in 1957 through a bequest from Robert Daniel Sturdivant and operated by the Sturdivant Museum Association. — Map (db m37649) HM|
|Alabama (Etowah County), Attalla — First United Methodist Church Of Attalla|
| In 1851 twelve Methodists met in Newton (later Attalla) to plan a Methodist Episcopal Church. A crude log building on North Fifth Street served as the first church. In 1861 and again in 1882 the church relocated on Fifth to accommodate the growing membership. A full-time pastor was added in 1888. In 1896 Attalla was first reported at the North Alabama Methodist Annual Conference. Ground was broken for the present church home in 1903. On May 1, 1904, the congregation assembled for the first Sunday worship in the new sanctuary. — Map (db m83731) HM|
|Alabama (Hale County), Greensboro — Greensboro Presbyterian Church|
|Organized 1823 by Rev. James Hillhouse
of South Carolina, with
Patrick Norris and William Hillhouse,
veterans of American Revolution,
as founding elders.
Original wooden structure replaced
by brick building in 1841
under pastorate of
Rev. Thomas Sydenham Witherspoon.
Present building erected in 1859 when
Rev. J. C. Mitchell was pastor.
Old slave gallery may still be seen. — Map (db m33746) HM|
|Alabama (Hale County), Greensboro — Magnolia Grove|
|Birthplace, ancestral home of
Richard Pearson Hobson
Spanish - American War Hero
Admiral Hobson, as naval officer,
Statesman, lecturer and author,
Urged national preparedness:
Championed human welfare causes.
Alabama made this home a state shrine
to Admiral Hobson in 1943.
House built in 1838 by Col. Isaac Groom. — Map (db m83755) HM|
|Alabama (Hale County), Greensboro — St. Paul’s Episcopal Church|
|This parish established 1830.
Third oldest in Alabama diocese.
Church consecrated in 1843 by
Leonidas Polk, Bishop of Louisiana,
(later a Confederate general).
Here Nicholas H. Cobbs was chosen
first Bishop of Alabama in 1844.
First vestrymen: Dr. Richard E. Meade,
Dr. R. C. Randolph, Dr. R. W. Withers, J. Bell,
J. B. Stickney, Dr R. Inge, Frank Inge,
William Murphy, Col. Samuel Pickens. — Map (db m33747) HM|
|Alabama (Jackson County), Scottsboro — Gen. Andrew Jackson — Soldier, Statesman, 7th President U.S.A.|
|Jackson County was created by the State Legislature on December 13, 1819 while in session in Huntsville, Ala. The county was named in honor of Gen. Andrew Jackson who was visiting in Huntsville at the time.
This Statue was presented by the Citizens of Jackson County during the year of the Bicentennial 1776 - 1976 — Map (db m22262) HM|
|Alabama (Jackson County), Scottsboro — Robert Thomas Scott — 1800-1863|
|Planter, tavern operator, newspaper editor, legislator, and land developer, he sought in vain to have the Jackson County seat moved from Bellefont to the settlement that bore his name. After his death in 1863, his widow reached an agreement in 1868 with the county government whereby the site for the courthouse and jail was deeded to Jackson County on condition that Scottsboro become the county seat.
Incorporated by the state legislature on January 20, 1870, the town became an important . . . — Map (db m22260) HM|
|Alabama (Jackson County), Scottsboro — Scottsboro Railroad Depot|
|The Memphis and Charleston Railroad Company constructed the Scottsboro Railroad Depot in 1860-1861 as a passenger and freight facility. The rail line ran throughout the Confederacy and the Union considered its capture vital to cutting off supplies to the south. On January 8, 1865, the Depot was the site of an intense battle between 101st U.S. Colored Infantry and the 110th U.S. Colored Infantry, who held the Depot, and Confederate soldiers led by Brigadier-General H. B. Lyon. The out-numbered . . . — Map (db m22258) HM|
|Alabama (Jackson County), Stevenson — Stevenson Depot and Hotel|
|A one-story depot building was constructed here in 1853, when the railroad was first laid through Stevenson. That building burned after the Civil War and was replaced by the present brick depot and hotel in 1872.
During the Civil War, Stevenson was a hub of activity. Union and Confederate troops skirmished here and the town changed hands more than once, though Stevenson mostly lay under Union control. Troops occupied the town and a large refugee camp sprang up between the depot and Ft. . . . — Map (db m22271) HM|
|Alabama (Jefferson County), Bessemer — Union Baptist Church And Cemetery|
|Union Baptist Church was organized in 1834 by 18 or 20 members from Canaan Church. The Libscomb area was then known as East End. Members of the Rockett and Ware families donated the original two acreas of this site and a log cabin, which served as the church until a wooden building was built in 1888. The present edifice was erected in 1922. Many of the charter members are buried in the adjacent cemetery.
Alabama Register of Historic Places, April 11, 1984 — Map (db m24352) HM|
|Alabama (Jefferson County), Birmingham — North Birmingham|
|On October 1, 1886, the North Birmingham Land Company was formed to develop a planned industrial and residential town on 900 acres of land, formerly part of the Alfred Nathaniel Hawkins plantation north of Village Creek. The plan included sites for houses, parks, businesses and manufacturing plants, and a streetcar line to downtown Birmingham. The community was incorporated in 1902 with a population of 5,000, and annexed by legislative act, into the City of Birmingham, under protest, in 1910. . . . — Map (db m26700) HM|
|Alabama (Jefferson County), Birmingham — Smithfield|
This residential area was carved from the Joseph Riley Smith plantation, a 600 acre antebellum farm, one of the largest in 19th century Jefferson County. Smithfield lies to the west of Birmingham's city center on the flat land & hills north of Village Creek & has the city's earliest & most substantial concentration of black, middle-class residences, small commercial enclaves & churches. The neighborhood illustrates the lifestyles of a wide spectrum of black Birmingham . . . — Map (db m26990) HM|
|Alabama (Jefferson County), Birmingham — Walker Memorial Church|
|In 1818 before Alabama, Jefferson County, Elyton or Birmingham existed, The Elyton Methodist Church was established on Center Street. It was moved to 14 Second Avenue, and in 1909, to its present site. Renamed in 1910 for Corilla Porter Walker (1824-1908), a member, and dedicated May 14, 1944. — Map (db m24348) HM|
|Alabama (Jefferson County), Birmingham — Wilson's Raiders — Headquarters March 28-31, 1865|
|Gen. James H. Wilson, USA, having crossed the Tennessee River with a large force of well equipped cavalry, grouped them here at Elyton.
Their mission: to destroy Alabama's economic facilities for supporting the War.
From these headquarters he sent;
(a) cavalry unit to burn the military school, foundries and bridges at Tuscaloosa.
(b) soldiers to destroy mines and furnaces in Jefferson, Bibb and Shelby Counties.
(c) cavalry to dash south to destroy railroads and factories at Selma. — Map (db m24358) HM|
|Alabama (Jefferson County), Leeds — Rowan House|
|Thomas Rowan, son of Irish immigrants who settled in St. Clair County, Alabama, purchased his first 130 acres at auction and built a house here by c. 1854 that probably forms the core of the two northeast rooms. Heir John Thomas Rowan and his wife, Ada Scott Rowan, enlarged the house to its present turn-of-the-century farmhouse form about 1904. The Rowans were prominent farmers and landowners in the Cahaba Valley for three generations, at one time owning much of the land on this section of the . . . — Map (db m24716) HM|
|Alabama (Jefferson County), Mountain Brook — Wallace S. McElwain / Irondale Furnace Ruins|
|Wallace S. McElwain (1832-1888)McElwain trained in a gun factory in New York and in a foundry in Ohio before moving to Holly Springs, MS, where he operated Jones, McElwain and Company Iron Foundry. He was well known in the Southeast for his beautiful cast iron designs, which still adorn many buildings in the French Quarter in New Orleans. After the Civil War began, he received the first order for the production of rifles and cannons from the Confederacy. He moved his operations to Jefferson . . . — Map (db m26266) HM|
|Alabama (Lauderdale County), Florence — Ante-Bellum Cotton Mills 1840|
|About one mile west of here is the site of the Globe Cotton Factory which was erected on Cypress Creek in 1840. By 1857 its operations included three cotton mills, a flour mill, and two corn mills, all powered by the use of three dams. By 1860 the factory employed 310 people, including a large number of women and children, at average salaries of $2.50 per week. These mills were burned by the Union Army in May 1863. One factory called Cypress Mill, was re-built after the war, but its operation was never successful. — Map (db m83938) HM|
|Alabama (Lauderdale County), Florence — Deibert Park — -dedicated May 25, 2000-|
|This park was donated to the people of Florence by Dr. Kirk R. and Lillian Cook Deibert who initially acquired this property in 1952. The acreage was once a part of a large ante-bellum plantation owned by Judge Sidney Cherry Posey. In 1875 his heirs sold this farm to Charles Posey who had worked these same fields as a slave. Later, Charles and his wife Amcy, began dividing the land among their heirs, and this settlement became known as Posey. According to tradition, Charles Posey built a . . . — Map (db m33086) HM|
|Alabama (Lauderdale County), Florence — Florence, Alabama|
| Side A The Forks of Cypress plantation was established in 1818 by James and Sarah Jackson. Its home, believed the design of William Nichols, was one of Alabama's great houses, featuring perhaps the earliest peristyle colonnades in America. Built by skilled African-American artisans in slavery, The Forks stood until June 6, 1966, when it was struck by lightning and burned to the ground. Its surrounding brick porch with twenty-three brick columns-once plastered with a mix of lime, . . . — Map (db m83975) HM|
|Alabama (Lauderdale County), Florence — Regions Bank|
|This building which was completed in 1983 is an accurate replica of the local historical mansion known as The Forks of Cypress. The original mansion, completed in 1822 by James and Sarah Jackson on a knoll five miles from Florence Alabama, was struck by lighting and burned in 1966. — Map (db m29253) HM|
|Alabama (Lauderdale County), Florence — Sannoner Historic District|
|Named for Ferdinand Sannoner, who surveyed the town of Florence for the Cypress Land Company in 1818, the district contains twenty-five structures on North Court and North Pine Streets. Wealthy planters, lawyers and merchants occupied the six fine antebellum homes:
Courtview (1855) Gov. Edward Asbury O'Neal House (1840's), Irvine Place (1843), Conner Place (1854), Wakefield (1820's) and Hickory Place (James Irvine House, 1832.) Other structures date from the late nineteenth century and early twentieth centuries. — Map (db m84047) HM|
|Alabama (Lawrence County), Courtland — Courtland's Early Architecture — (circa 1820-1940)|
| Side A Structures within the Courtland historic district represent over 150 years of changing tastes in building design. Although only a few of Courtland’s earliest buildings survive, the Federal~style architecture of the oldest houses suggest the community’s strong original links with Virginia and other states of the upper South. Typical early residences of frame and brick feature a gable roof with tall chimneys at each end. Sometimes weatherboarding conceals log walls underneath. Many . . . — Map (db m28990) HM|
|Alabama (Lawrence County), Courtland — The Town of Courtland / Early Settlers — 1819|
|Side A Federal lands in this area were first sold in 1818 and quickly purchased by settlers and speculators. A group of investors calling themselves the “Courtland Land Company” and consisting of William H. Whitaker, James M. Camp, William F. Broadnax, John M. Tifford, Benjamin Thomas and Bernard McKiernan acquired the future town site and had it laid off in a gridiron street pattern containing 300 lots. These were immediately put up for sale. In hopes that Courtland would . . . — Map (db m28989) HM|
|Alabama (Lee County), Auburn — Noble Hall|
The Greek Revival rock and mortar house was built by Addison Frazer (1809-1873) between 1852 and 1854 and served as the center for a 2,000 acre cotton plantation. Frazer owned 100 slaves and was on the Board of Trustees of Auburn Masonic Female College and East Alabama Male College. The contractor from Kentucky used slave labor to build the eight rooms with 12 foot high ceilings and 18 inch exterior walls, two cantilever balconies and eight Doric columns. In the rear . . . — Map (db m25988) HM|
|Alabama (Madison County), Huntsville — Erected in 1835 — This building has since been occupied by|
|The First National Bank of Huntsville and its predecessors:
The National Bank of Huntsville
The Northern Bank of Alabama
(Operation suspended 1863-1865)
The Branch of the State Bank of Huntsville
George Steele, Architect and Builder — Map (db m27852) HM|
|Alabama (Madison County), Huntsville — First Bank In Alabama — Planters And Merchants Bank of Huntsville — Housed on this site in brick building|
|Housed on this site in brick building
44 ft. x 54 ft
Chartered by Mississippi Territorial Legislature December 11, 1816
Commenced operations October 17, 1817, shortly thereafter made depository for Huntsville Federal Land Office funds.
Charter voided by Proclamation of Governor Pickens on February 1, 1825.
LeRoy Pope, first and only president. — Map (db m27785) HM|
|Alabama (Madison County), Huntsville — Howard Weeden Home|
|Built 1819 by H. C. Bradford, this home was later owned by John Read, John McKinley, Associate Justice of the Supreme Court (1837-1852), Bartley M. Lowe, M. C. Betts and Marie Howard Weeden (1846-1905) whose poetry and paintings preserve nineteenth century Southern Culture.
Marker by D.A.R. 1910; H.A.B.S. 1935
National Register of Historic Places, 1973 — Map (db m27841) HM|
|Alabama (Madison County), Huntsville — Northern Terminus Indian Creek Canal — First Canal in Alabama|
This canal was constructed to the Tennessee River to facilitate the transportation of cotton to market. Developers were: Thomas Fearn, LeRoy Pope, Stephen S. Ewing, Henry Cook, and Samuel Hazard. — Map (db m27844) HM|
|Alabama (Madison County), Huntsville — Passenger Depot — Huntsville, Alabama — Built 1860|
|Memphis and Charleston Railroad Company Eastern Division headquarters in this passenger depot, adjoining yards and ships captured by Union Army April 11, 1862. Vital east-west Confederate rail link severed; C.S.A. soldiers imprisoned here. Depot later used by Federals as base for gathering supplies for Western Theater military operations. After Civil War returned to M.&C.R.R. Co.; acquired by Southern Railway System 1898; since 1971 preserved by City of Huntsville. National Register of Historic Places 1971. — Map (db m85547) HM|
|Alabama (Madison County), Huntsville — Slave Cemetery — 1800s|
|This cemetery site was used as a burial ground for slaves who lived on both the Peter Blow and Job Key plantations from 1811 to 1865. Dred Scott's first wife and their two children are believed to have been buried here. The cemetery continued to be used through the early 1900s. — Map (db m31562) HM|
|Alabama (Madison County), Huntsville — Tallulah Bankhead / I. Schiffman Building — 1902-1968 / Birthplace of Tallulah Bankhead — Alabama’s Best-Known Actress|
Tallulah Bankhead was the toast of the London theatre in the 1920's, and nationally renowned for her dramatic roles in “The Little Foxes” (1939), “The Skin of Our Teeth” (1942), the movie “Lifeboat” (1944), and as emcee of the “The Big Show“ (NBC Radio, 1950-52). She was born in Huntsville on January 31, 1902, in an apartment of the I. Schiffman Building (see other side). Her father, then Huntsville City Attorney, was later Speaker . . . — Map (db m27850) HM|
|Alabama (Madison County), Huntsville — The Church Of The Nativity, Episcopal|
The Church of the Nativity congregation was organized December 17, 1842 - the name chosen because of the approaching Christmas season. The Convention of the Diocese of Alabama, Protestant Episcopal Church, approved the congregation on February 16, 1843. The original brick church, erected in 1847, stood east of the present structure.
The present church building, an outstanding example of Gothic Revival architecture, was designed by Frank Wills and Henry Dudley of New York. . . . — Map (db m27858) HM|
|Alabama (Madison County), Huntsville — Twickenham Historic District|
|Designated by the City of Huntsville, Alabama March 23, 1972. This district is a living museum of American architectural styles dating from 1814.
It encompasses about one~half of the original Town of Twickenham, Huntsville's first offical name.
North ~ Randolph Avenue; East ~ California Street; South ~ Lowe Avenue; West ~ Franklin Street
National Register of Historical Places 1973 — Map (db m85612) HM|
|Alabama (Marengo County), Demopolis — Bluff Hall|
|Situated on historic White Bluff
overlooking the Tombigbee River,
Bluff Hall was built in 1832 by
slaves of Allen Glover for his
daughter, Sarah Serena, and her
husband, Francis Strother Lyon.
Lawyer and planter, F. S. Lyon, served in both the
Confederate and the United States congresses.
Frequent war-time visitors in his house
were General Leonidas Polk and
General Zachary Deas.
Bluff Hall is now owned by
the Marengo County Historical Society — Map (db m37997) HM|
|Alabama (Marengo County), Demopolis — Foscue House|
|Built in 1840 for Augustus Foscue (1799-1861), a North Carolina native who owned more than 3,000 acres and 137 slaves in Marengo County by 1850. Daughter Mary Alice (1838-1899) married in 1855 to Dr. Bryan Watkins Whitfield (1828-1908), son of Gen. Nathan Bryan Whitfield of nearby Gaineswood Plantation.
Original construction date worked into orange-hued brick on south side chimney. Brown-hued brick addition built onto front in 1849, requiring removal of two-tiered, columned entrance . . . — Map (db m38180) HM|
|Alabama (Marengo County), Demopolis — Gaineswood|
|Built 1842-1860 by Gen. Nathan Bryan Whitfield 1799-1868 accomplished planter of the Canebrake
using imported materials and artisans Glorifying the Greek Revival Architecture by combining Doric exterior
Corinthian grand ballroom Ionic parlor and dining room
with mirrors, chandeliers, columns, domes
This house was named for Gen. George Strother Gaines, 1784-1872 distinguished United States Agent and
Factor to Choctaw Indian Nation — Map (db m38068) HM|
|Alabama (Marengo County), Demopolis — Whitfield Canal|
|Drainage canal constructed between 1845
and 1863 by slaves of General Nathan Bryan
Whitfield, builder of Gaineswood, to prevent
water from overflowing and flooding his
plantation. The water from 2,070 acres south
and east of Gaineswood originally followed
a 17 mile course to reach the Tombigbee
River. The canal, approximately 1 mile long
in some places more than 30 feet deep, quickly
diverts this surface water into the river
at Demopolis. — Map (db m37993) HM|
|Alabama (Marshall County), Guntersville — Ravine Used For Protection Against Yankee Shelling|
|The first major attack on Guntersville during the Civil War occurred on the morning of Monday, July 28, 1862. The Federals had marched by night and had reached a hill on the north side of the Tennessee River and from this vantage point aimed their cannons at the small town of Guntersville.
The Federals, led by Major J.W. Paramore of the Third Ohio Cavalry, included a regiment of Union Infantry, and a section of artillery with two 6 pounder Parrott guns.
At 6 a.m., when the Federals . . . — Map (db m22253) HM|
|Alabama (Mobile County), Mobile — Oakleigh|
|Started in 1833 by James Roper on a Spanish land grant, “Oakleigh” was named for the magnificent oaks around it. The “T” shaped dwelling with elegant parlors and curved outside stairway from the brick terrace to front gallery was well suited for a semitropical climate. Many famous visitors, including President James Garfield were entertained here. It was included in the Historic American Building Survey and the National Register of Historic Places.
Acquired by City . . . — Map (db m85908) HM|
|Alabama (Mobile County), Mobile — Richards D.A.R. House Museum — 1860|
|One of the premier antebellum structures in the city, the house was built by Charles Richards, a riverboat captain originally from Maine. The building is considered to have Mobile's finest cast iron, featuring figures in a garden setting and representations of the four seasons. The brackets beneath the eaves are characteristic of the Italianate style. This motif is repeated in the elaborate doorway. Red bohemian glass glows in the full sidelights and transom, and is best viewed from the . . . — Map (db m86511) HM|
|Alabama (Montgomery County), Montgomery — Montgomery’s Slave Markets / First Emancipation Observance - 1866|
| Side A The city’s slave market was at the Artesian Basin (Court Square). Slaves of all ages were auctioned, along with land and livestock, standing in line to be inspected. Public posters advertised sales and included gender, approximate age, first name (slaves did not have last names), skill, price, complexion and owner’s name. In the 1850s, able field hands brought $1,500; skilled artisans $3,000. In 1859, the city had seven auctioneers and four slave depots: one at Market Street . . . — Map (db m28187) HM|
|Alabama (Montgomery County), Pike Road — Chantilly Plantation|
|Chantilly Plantation was purchased in 1832 at
public outcry by Dr. Thomas Burge Taylor of
Columbia, SC as a wedding gift for his bride,
Harriott Pinkney Raoul. John Ashurst, its
original owner, had moved further west. Harriott,
a French woman, chose the name Chantilly after
Chantilly, France. She was responsible for
enlarging the home and landscaping the grounds
in the 1830s. Chantilly supplied many goods to
other area plantations. Dr. and Mrs. Taylor
had no children, so Chantilly . . . — Map (db m91529) HM|
|Alabama (Morgan County), Decatur — A County Older Than The State, Morgan County|
|Alabama Territorial Legislature created this county in 1818 from lands ceded by Cherokee Indians in 1816. County first named Cotaco, for large creek in county. Named Morgan County in 1821 for Maj. Gen. Daniel Morgan, Revolutionary hero, winner over British at Battle of Cowpens. County was often invaded by both armies in War between the States. Until 1891 county seat at Somerville. Then county seat moved to Decatur. Named for Stephen Decatur, naval hero against Tripoli pirates and in War of 1812. — Map (db m27759) HM|
|Alabama (Morgan County), Decatur — Albany — 1887|
|On Jan. 11, 1887, the Decatur Land Improvement and Furnace Company, Inc. was formed under the leadership of E. C. Gordon, C.C. Harris and W.W. Littlejohn. With a capital investment of $7,500,000, the company purchased 5600 acres of land, including 100 acres set aside for churches and schools. "New Decatur" was advertised as the "Gateway City" with well planned streets and improvements, and 41 new industries and 500 new structures were built in 1887. To alleviate northern/southern rivalries, . . . — Map (db m86479) HM|
|Alabama (Morgan County), Decatur — Old State Bank Building|
|Erected 1833, Cost $9,482. Classic Revival design. Listed on National Register of Historic Places. Decatur Branch, Bank of The State of Alabama. Chartered 1832 by state legislature, profitable until 1837, charter revoked 1842 and closed. 1842-1901 used as residence, Union Army supply depot, and First National Bank. 1901 purchased by Dr. F. Y. Cantwell. Renovated 1934 by C. W. A. as museum and civic Hall. Donated by Mrs. W. B. Edmundson and American Legion Post No. 15 to City. Restored 1982. Site is original lot No. 60 of 1824 Town Plan. — Map (db m27762) HM|
|Alabama (Pickens County), Carrollton — Pickens County Courthouse — Erected 1877-78|
|Pickens County, named for General Andrew Pickens of South Carolina, was established December 19, 1820. First County Site was Pickensville. On March 5, 1830, the government awarded 80 acres of land at Carrollton for the County Site. The first courthouse erected at Carrollton was burned on April 5, 1865, by troops of Union General John T. Croxton. A freedman, Henry Wells, was accused of burning the second on November 16, 1876. He was arrested in January, 1878, and held in the garret of this . . . — Map (db m22178) HM|
|Alabama (Russell County), Crawford — Crockettsville — Crawford, Alabama|
|The community of Crockettsville was settled at about the time Russell County was formed in 1832. Among the first settlers were Jerry Segar and Green Sewell. It was named in honor of David "Davy" Crockett who served as a scout in Andrew Jackson's Tennessee Militia at the Battle of Horseshoe Bend in 1814. The name of the city was changed to Crawford in 1843 by Act of the Alabama Legislature. This was done to honor the family of William Harris Crawford (1772-1834), a distinguished Georgia teacher, . . . — Map (db m33541) HM|
|Alabama (Russell County), Hurtsboro — Long Family — Nimrod Long House|
|Nimrod Washington Long moved to Alabama from Georgia in the 1830s. A planter, mill owner and state legislator, he had real estate and railroad interests in Russell County. This house was the plantation home of Nimrod Washington Long in Spring Hill, Barbour County. In 1875, his son, Nimrod William Ezekiel Long (1834-1923), had the house dismantled, the pieces numbered, transported by ox cart and reassembled on this site. Nimrod William Ezekiel Long was a civil engineer, Confederate veteran, . . . — Map (db m69433) HM|
|Alabama (Russell County), Seale — Seale United Methodist Church|
The Methodist Congregation of which the church at Seale was organized in 1842, were pioneer families with a deep faith in God and a clear vision of the future. This group was centered around a small meeting place and a schoolhouse located on the north side of the Federal Road about 12 miles west of the Chattahoochee River. This church was called Glenn Chapel, a memorial to the old preacher, James E. Glenn. The preaching place, a sort of community center, was established . . . — Map (db m23594) HM|
|Alabama (Shelby County), Columbiana — Shelby County Courthouse — 1854-1908|
|Original seat of government of Shelby County established 1818 at Shelbyville (Pelham).
Moved to Columbiana 1826. First courthouse a small wooden building located on this site. Replaced 1854 by two-story brick structure which forms central portion of this building. Later major alterations undertaken. Front and rear extensions added. Renovated structure designed in classical Jefferson style.
Continued to serve as seat of county government until 1908 when new courthouse completed two blocks north. — Map (db m24203) HM|
|Alabama (Tuscaloosa County), Tuscaloosa — Horace King|
|Born a slave in South Carolina in 1807, Horace King became a master bridge builder while working with John Godwin. With the aid of Tuscaloosan Robert Jemison, King was freed by act of the Alabama legislature in 1846. He went on to build many bridges and other structures across the South. Revered and respected for his organizational abilities, building skills and personal integrity, he formed the King Brothers Bridge Company with his family after the Civil War. After serving two terms in the . . . — Map (db m28913) HM|
|Alabama (Tuscaloosa County), Tuscaloosa — John Murphy — Governor 1825 - 1829|
|He initiated construction of the Capitol, the University of Alabama, and the State Bank. The legislature passed laws, known as slave codes, to severely restrict the rights of slaves, while citizens began to press for the removal of Alabama's remaining Indians. — Map (db m29020) HM|
|Alabama (Tuscaloosa County), Tuscaloosa — The Friedman Home|
|Built 1835 by Alfred Battle; purchased 1875 by Bernard Friedman; willed to the city of Tuscaloosa 1965 by Hugo Friedman.
Traditionally a social and cultural center in Tuscaloosa, it was the residence of Virginia Tunstall Clay-Clopton, author of “Belle of the Fifties” and of the poet Robert Loveman. — Map (db m35368) HM|
|Alabama (Tuscaloosa County), Tuscaloosa — The Little Round House|
|Constructed as a guard house for the Alabama Corps of Cadets during the early 1860's, the Little Round House provided shelter from inclement weather for cadets on sentry duty. Until 1865, it also housed the University Drum Corps, which was composed of rented slaves. One of the few University buildings not destroyed by Union forces when the campus was burned in 1865, this building became the office of the University surgeon in 1871, and was used later by non-military students as a residence. In . . . — Map (db m25387) HM|
|Alabama (Tuscaloosa County), Tuscaloosa — The President's Mansion|
|In 1838 The University of Alabama Board of Trustees appropriated funds for a more suitable residence for the University's new president Basil Manly. The mansion on this site was built between 1839 and 1841 from plans provided by Michael Barry who served as architect and building superintendent for the project. Although Manly, the mansions first occupant was a very popular president, the legislature regarded the structure as unnecessarily lavish. According to tradition, Louisa Frances Garland, . . . — Map (db m25414) HM|
|Arkansas (Chicot County), Lake Village — 79 — Lakeport in the Civil War|
When Arkansas went to war in 1861, Lycurgus and Lydia Johnson and their family stayed with their home at Lakeport. By 1862, U.S. gunboats were common on the Mississippi River, and on Sept. 6, 1862, Confederate troops burned 158 bales of cotton at Lakeport to prevent its seizure. Union raids targeted plantations such as Lakeport in 1863 and 1864, and the Johnsons claimed losses of 200 cattle, 8 mules and 2 horses, leaving "one mule...to haul wood for the children." The . . . — Map (db m89797) HM|
|Arkansas (Chicot County), Lake Village — Lakeport Plantation House|
| Side 1
The Lakeport Plantation house was constructed circa 1859 for Lycurgus and Lydia Taylor Johnson. The skilled craftsmanship and lasting character are testaments to those who built the house. It is preserved in remembrance of all who lived and worked on the plantation.
The survival of Lakeport Plantation is a tribute to the Sam Epstein family, who acquired the property in 1927. Listed on the National Register of Historical Places in 1974, it was gifted to . . . — Map (db m90491) HM|
|District of Columbia (Washington), American University Park — 16 — Winning the War — Top of the Town — Tenleytown Heritage Trail|
|The U.S. Navy arrived across the street at 3801 Nebraska
Avenue during World War II, taking the Colonial style red-brick campus of Mount Vernon Seminary for secret “essential wartime activities.” Soon more than 5,000 workers occupied the campus. Among them were WAVES (Women Accepted for Voluntary Emergency Service) responding to President Roosevelt’s call for women to tackle non-combat duties.
Most WAVES at this site operated cryptoanalytic equipment designed to break German . . . — Map (db m47787) HM|
|District of Columbia (Washington), Capitol Hill — 12 — Christ Church and Its Parishioners — Tour of Duty — Barracks Row Heritage Trail|
| This is Christ Church, Washington Parish, the first Episcopal church established in Washington City (1794), and attended by Presidents Thomas Jefferson and John Quincy Adams.
At first Christ Church met in a nearby tobacco warehouse. In 1806 parishioner William Prout donated this land to the congregation, and one year later a simple, two-story rectangular building went up, designed by Navy Yard contractor Robert Alexander. That structure still remains behind the church’s Gothic Revival . . . — Map (db m39235) HM|
|District of Columbia (Washington), Columbia Heights — 15 of 19 — College Hill — Cultural Convergence — Columbia Heights Heritage Trail|
| Wayland Seminary opened in Foggy Bottom just after the Civil War to train formerly enslaved people and others as “preachers and teachers for the South” and as missionaries to evangelize Africa. In 1875 it moved here, later merging with Richmond Theological Seminary to become Virginia Union University in Richmond. Among Wayland’s distinguished alumni was Booker T. Washington.
Just two blocks up the hill is the former site of George Washington University’s predecessor, . . . — Map (db m23947) HM|
|District of Columbia (Washington), Downtown — The Christian Index|
| America's oldest existing religious newspaper was first published on this city block at 925 E Street on February 2, 1822. Founded by the legendary Baptist leader Luther Rice, the paper was originally known as The Columbian Star and utilized to promote Baptist missions and Columbian College (now George Washington University) which was founded as a Baptist school by Rice in 1821. The name of the paper was changed to The Christian Index before being bought by Jesse Mercer and moved . . . — Map (db m28559) HM|
|District of Columbia (Washington), Downtown — W.7 — Freedom Plaza — Civil War to Civil Rights — Downtown Heritage Trail|
|“I have a dream.” Martin Luther King, Jr. August 1963
The block-long plaza at 13th and Pennsylvania Avenue just ahead to your left honors civil rights leader Martin Luther King with the name Freedom Plaza. King completed his historic “I Have a Dream” speech in the Willard Hotel adjacent to the plaza, before delivering it to a crowd of 200,000 at the Lincoln Memorial.
Freedom Plaza also recalls Washington’s . . . — Map (db m28528) HM|
|District of Columbia (Washington), Downtown — w.1 — The Church of the Epiphany — Civil War to Civil Rights — Downtown Heritage Trail|
| “Carpets, cushions, and hymnbooks were packed away ... ambulances began to stop ... lastly come the surgeons....” Margaret Leech, Reveille in Washington.
Church spires dominated the skyline of the city of Washington at the time of the Civil War, symbolizing the importance of houses of worship in the religious, social and political life of the nation’s capital. While Washington still claims an extraordinary number of historic downtown churches, the Church of the Epiphany . . . — Map (db m29618) HM|
|District of Columbia (Washington), Downtown — .4 — The Roots of Freedom and Equality — Civil War to Civil Rights — Downtown Heritage Trail|
| “It is known to you that events have transpired within the last few days, deeply affecting the peace and character of our community.”
With these words, city officials tried to calm the angry mobs gathering on this corner in April 1848. The crowds blamed the National Era, an abolitionist newspaper located near this sign, for the attempted escape of 77 African American slaves on the ship Pearl. They threatened to destroy the Era’s printing press. The . . . — Map (db m25271) HM|
|District of Columbia (Washington), Foggy Bottom — Leonard A. Grimes — (1815 - 1873)|
| Leonard A. Grimes, a Black man born free in Leesburg, Virginia, owned a residence on this corner from 1836 to 1846.
In the 1830s, he owned a successful coach business transporting passengers in and around Washington. He also carried slaves seeking freedom in the North and was an early organizer of the Underground Railroad.
From 1840 to 1842, he was imprisoned in Richmond for aiding an escape. In 1846 Grimes moved with his family to New Bedford, Massachusetts where he continued his . . . — Map (db m46970) HM|
|District of Columbia (Washington), Judiciary Square — Daniel Webster — 503 D Street|
| 503 D Street
Formerly law offices and residence
Plaque erected under auspices of the
Columbia Historical Society
the Bar Association
of the District of Columbia — Map (db m29698) HM|
|District of Columbia (Washington), Judiciary Square — e.2 — Old City Hall — Civil War to Civil Rights — Downtown Heritage Trail|
|"--witness to the end of slavery in the nation’s capital."
This imposing Greek Revival building was Washington’s first city hall, designed by George Hadfield and built between 1820 and 1850. It house the city court and an elected mayor and city council until 1871. Its prestigious high site overlooked Pennsylvania Avenue and bordered Judiciary Square, then as now, a hub of community life.
This building also stood witness to the end of slavery in the District of Columbia. President . . . — Map (db m29655) HM|
|District of Columbia (Washington), Judiciary Square — e.3 — Senator Daniel Webster — Civil War to Civil Rights — Downtown Heritage Trail|
| “Liberty and Union, now and forever, one and inseparable,” Senator Daniel Webster, January 1830.
Senator Daniel Webster, eloquent advocate for the preservation of the Union and a political giant in pre-Civil War America, lived and worked here. His home and office buildings, now demolished, were similar to the two surviving pre-Civil War buildings alongside this sign. Wester's buildings began where the ally is today, stretching to the west. In the mid-19th century this . . . — Map (db m29708) HM|
|District of Columbia (Washington), Southwest — 8 of 17 — Banneker Circle: Vista to the Past — River Farms to Urban Towers — Southwest Heritage Trail|
|This high ground serves as a monument to Benjamin Banneker, a free African American who charted the stars for the first survey of Washington, DC. Banneker was 60 years old when he hired on to assist surveyor Andrew Ellicott. A tobacco planter from Baltimore County, Maryland, Banneker had taught himself mathematics and astronomy. With these skills, he observed the stars’ movements each night. Ellicott used Banneker’s calculations to determine the District’s boundaries. In addition, Banneker . . . — Map (db m25171) HM|
|District of Columbia (Washington), Southwest — 10 of 17 — Escape from Slavery — River Farms to Urban Towers — Southwest Heritage Trail|
|Before the Civil War, Washington was a slave-holding city. But many of its citizens–especially free blacks and abolitionists–assisted freedom seekers at locations known as stops on the Underground Railroad.
The largest attempted slave escape began the evening of April 15, 1848. In the gathering dark, 77 men and women slipped aboard the Pearl, waiting ½ mile down river from this sign. Captain Daniel Drayton had agreed to sail them down the Potomac and then north to . . . — Map (db m20605) HM|
|District of Columbia (Washington), Southwest — 12 of 17 — The Law House In Peace and War — River Farms to Urban Towers — Southwest Heritage Trail|
| To your left across Water Street is the Thomas Law House, now a community center for the Tiber Island cooperative. The Federal style house was designed by William Lovering in 1794 for businessman Thomas Law and his bride Eliza Parke Custis, granddaughter of Martha Washington. At first the house stood at the foot of Sixth Street overlooking the Potomac. Since then, time and engineers have changed the shoreline, so the house is now farther from the water. It is one of very few to survive the . . . — Map (db m20430) HM|
|District of Columbia (Washington), Theodore Roosevelt Island — The Mason Estate|
|In contrast to the island today, this 1818 map by Robert King portrays the island as one continuous garden rich in native and cultivated plants, flowers, and fruits and divided by an avenue planted with trees. The estate was the summer retreat for the family and friends of John Mason. — Map (db m19988) HM|
|Florida (Broward County), Fort Lauderdale — F-404 — Old Fort Lauderdale Village|
|Old Fort Lauderdale Village at the intersection of the New River and the Florida East Coast Railway (F.E.C.) incorporates four turn-of-the-20th century historic buildings. These include the 1905 New River Inn, the 1905 Philemon N. Bryan House, the 1905 Acetylene Building, and the 1907 King-Cromartie House. The New River Inn houses a Museum of History and is listed on the National Register of Historic Places. It was built for Philemon N. Bryan from hollow concrete block made on site. Bryan, a . . . — Map (db m63880) HM|
|Florida (Dixie County), Old Town — F-55 — Oldtown|
|Inhabited by the Upper Creeks, Oldtown, often called Suwanee Oldtown, was one of the largest Indian villages in northern Florida. In Andrew Jackson's punitive expedition into Florida in April, 1818, Oldtown was captured. Most of the renegade Indians escaped, but Jackson caught Robert Armbister, a British subject, who was tried and executed for aiding the Creeks in border raids into Georgia. This produced tension between the United States and Great Britain. — Map (db m17712) HM|
|Florida (Franklin County), Apalachicola — F-270 — The Raney House|
|During the 1830's, when the cotton port of Apalachicola was rapidly expanding. David G. Raney built a rather plain, Federal style house at this site. Around 1850, A two - story portico and other features of the then popular Greek Revival architectural style were added to that structure. Raney, a native of Virginia, was a prosperous merchant who was prominent in many of the town's civic affairs. His eight children grew up in this home. A son, George Pettus Raney (born in 1845), served in the . . . — Map (db m26663) HM|
|Florida (Gadsden County), Quincy — F-286 — Gadsden County|
|Gadsden, Florida's fifth county, was formed in 1823. It once ran from Georgia to the Gulf of Mexico, from the Suwannee River to the Apalachicola River. Quincy, the county seat, was incorporated in 1828. Previously known as Middle Florida, the new county was named for Capt. James Gadsden, Army Engineer and later diplomat, who campaigned in this area under Andrew Jackson in 1818. Capt. Gadsden designed and built the fort on the Apalachicola River which bears his name, and in 1855 was responsible . . . — Map (db m29677) HM|
|Florida (Hamilton County), White Springs — F-24 — White Springs|
|These sulphur springs were thought to have medicinal properties and were considered sacred by the Indians. Warriors wounded in battle reputedly were not attacked when they came here to recuperate. Settlers moved into the vicinity in 1826 and the springs became an ante bellum resort noted for natural beauty and good cuisine. The village was a refuge during the War Between the States and many planters brought their families and slaves here for safety. — Map (db m13675) HM|
|Florida (Hernando County), Brooksville — F-510 — Chinsegut Hill|
|In 1842, South Carolinian Bird M. Pearson staked a claim on 160 acres and called it Mount Airy, one of the few surviving plantations in Florida and one of the oldest houses in Hernando County. Pearson built the manor house's east wing in 1847 and later residents expanded it, beginning in 1852. He raised citrus, cattle, and sugarcane. In 1905 Chicago residents Raymond (1873-1954) and Margaret Dreir (1868-1945) Robins purchased property and named it Chinsegut Hill, an Inuit word meaning "a place . . . — Map (db m67006) HM|
|Florida (Lafayette County), Mayo — F-221 — Lafayette County|
|Lafayette County was created December 23, 1856, from Madison County. The county was named in honor of the Marquis de Lafayette, the French citizen who rendered invaluable assistance to the Colonies during the Revolutionary War. The famed Suwannee River forms the entire eastern boundary of the county. The county courts first met at the house of Ariel Jones near Fayetteville. The county seat was moved from New Troy to Mayo in 1893. Dixie County was created from the lower part of the county in 1921. — Map (db m17725) HM|
|Florida (Leon County), Tallahassee — Goodwood — (2 miles east on Lafayette Grant)|
|Ante-bellum mansion constructed of brick shipped from New York to port of St. Marks. Completed in 1843. Fine fan lights and pleasing window placements. Circular stairway. Rare old furnishings. — Map (db m67031) HM|
|Florida (Leon County), Tallahassee — Goodwood Mansion — (Old Croom Mansion)|
|The land upon which Goodwood Mansion was constructed was part of the original land grant rewarded to the Marquis de Lafayette for his service during the Revolutionary War. Hardy Croom of North Carolina, a planter and recognized naturalist, purchased this parcel of land. Upon his and his family's untimely death, in 1837, construction of the mansion was completed by his brother, Bryan Croom, in the 1840s.
Goodwood's original Italianate style was characterized by floor to ceiling windows, a . . . — Map (db m67032) HM|
|Florida (Leon County), Tallahassee — F-213 — Old Pisgah|
| Side 1
Missionaries sent by the South Carolina Conference of the Methodist Episcopal Church held services for the Centreville community settlers at this site in the early 1820's. John Slade, known as the "Father of Methodism in Florida," organized the "Society" at Pisgah on May 3, 1830, with thirty-four charter members. During the Ante-Bellum period, Pisgah became one of the leading churches in Middle Florida. Charter members Jacob Felkel and his wife Rose Anne deeded seven acres to . . . — Map (db m79535) HM|
|Florida (Madison County), Madison — F-196 — The Wardlaw-Smith House|
|The Wardlaw-Smith House was erected in the early 1860's for Benjamin F. Wardlaw, a prominent local citizen. Following the Civil War Battle of Olustee in February, 1864, it served as a Confederate hospital. This fine example of Greek Revival architecture was acquired in 1871 by Chandler Holmes Smith in whose family it remained for a century. The architectural significance of the Wardlaw-Smith House has been recorded by the Historic American Buildings Survey and it is listed in the prestigious National Register of Historic Places. — Map (db m17745) HM|
|Florida (Manatee County), Ellenton — F-162 — Gamble Mansion and Plantation|
At the close of the Seminole War in 1842, this frontier was opened to settlement. Major Robert Gamble and other sugar planters soon located along the rich Manatee River valley, and by 1845 a dozen plantations were producing for the New Orleans market. The Gamble Mansion, built principally of native materials, 1845-1850, is an outstanding example of ante-bellum construction and stands today as a monument to pioneer ingenuity and craftsmanship. The plantation included . . . — Map (db m15665) HM|
|Florida (Palm Beach County), Jupiter — Ft. Jupiter - Jupiter Lighthouse|
|Fort Jupiter was located three miles west on Loxahatchee River, erected January 1838 by troops commanded by Major General Thomas S. Jessup, establishing base for operations in the Seminole Indian Wars. Jupiter Lighthouse, approximately one mile northeast, first lighted July 10, 1860, darkened during the War between the States, was relighted June 23, 1866. — Map (db m14310) HM|
|Georgia (Baker County), Newton — 004-1 — Baker County|
|This County, created by Acts of the Legislature Dec. 12 & 24, 1825, is named for Col. John Baker of Revolutionary fame. The original County Site was at Byron but an Act of Dec. 26, 1831, established a new Site which was named Newton for Sgt. John Newton, a Revolutionary soldier. One of the hardest battles of the Creek Indian War was fought in Baker County at Chickasawhachee Creek in 1836. Among the first County Officers were: Sheriff Stafford Long, Clerk of Superior & Inferior Courts Thomas F. . . . — Map (db m26981) HM|
|Georgia (Baldwin County), Milledgeville — Alexis de Tocqueville|
|The 25 year-old French aristocrat
and author of
Democracy in America
visited this area
during his 1831-1832 tour of America — Map (db m13143) HM|
|Georgia (Baldwin County), Milledgeville — 5-1 — Brown-Stetson-Sanford House|
|This Milledgeville Federal-style house was built c. 1825 on North Wilkinson Street for George T. Brown by English-born builder-architect John Marlor. It was operated as the U.S. Hotel and then the Beecher-Brown Hotel to serve visitors and legislators during the city's years as capital of Georgia (1807-1868). In 1857 the house was purchased by merchant Daniel B. Stetson. His daughter Elizabeth married Judge Daniel B. Sanford, Clerk of the Secession Convention, in 1868. From 1951-1966 the house . . . — Map (db m13141) HM|
|Georgia (Baldwin County), Milledgeville — 005-23 — Fort Wilkinson|
|Three hundred yards east of this point stood Ft. Wilkinson, established in 1797 on Georgia's Indian boundary. Garrisoned by soldiers whose families lived outside the stockade, it was an early trading house where Creek Indians were provided agricultural
supplies under the Treaty of New York (1790). Here occurred in 1802 the treaty which extinguished Indian titles to land westward to Commissioner’s Creek, which area was in the first Georgia land lottery in 1805. In 1807, the garrison was moved . . . — Map (db m13140) HM|
|Georgia (Baldwin County), Milledgeville — 005-17 — Howell Cobb Plantation|
|Site of the large Baldwin County plantation of Howell Cobb, one of the 'Great Georgia Triumvirate' of Stephens, Toombs and Cobb, and his wife, the former
Mary Ann Lamar. Born at Cherry Hill in Jefferson County, Georgia Sept. 7, 1815, he graduated cum laude from the University of Georgia in 1834, was
admitted to the Bar in 1836, and then began the distinguished career that was to make him one of Georgia's most illustrious sons. Solicitor General,
1837; Member of Congress, 1842 (four terms); . . . — Map (db m13137) HM|
|Georgia (Baldwin County), Milledgeville — Jarrett Springs|
|Jarrett Springs formerly know as Commissioner Springs,
flows in an enclosed structure about 40 yards on adjacent land.
In 1803 , because of the abundant and clear water supply,
this site was selected by the Georgia Legislature as the location
for the new state capital to be named Milledgeville. — Map (db m43164) HM|
|Georgia (Baldwin County), Milledgeville — 005-24 — Milledgeville State Hospital|
|In 1837, largely through the influence of Tomlinson Fort and William A. White, the legislature appropriated $20,000 for a dormitory near
Milledgeville where the state’s mentally ill could receive custodial care. A four-story building was opened on this site in 1842 and together with various
later additions became known as the Center Building. Originally serving only pauper patients, services were expanded for all bona fide citizens. Dr. David M. Cooper (serving 1843-1846) was the first . . . — Map (db m13135) HM|
|Georgia (Baldwin County), Milledgeville — 005-21 — Old Oglethorpe University|
|This is the site of the antebellum college established in the community of Midway by the Hopewell Presbytery in 1833. Its first president, Carlisle P. Beman, was succeded by Samuel K. Talmage. In 1861, students and faculty entered Confederate service, among them Sidney Lanier. After the college reopened in 1866, it succumbed to economic crisis and closed in 1869. Two noted professors were Joseph LeConte, one of the South`s foremost scientists, and James Woodrow, believed to be the first . . . — Map (db m10803) HM|
|Georgia (Baldwin County), Scottsboro — 005-4 — John Clark House|
|This house, now the Du Bignon home, was once the home of John Clark, Governor of Georgia. At the age of 16, John Clark fought with his father, General Elijah Clark, distinguished Revolutionary soldier, at the decisive Battle of Kettle Creek.
The original section of the house was the John Scott home. Additions and changes have been made by later owners. Architects have always been interested in the house. Bishop Capers lived here when pastor of the Milledgeville Methodist Church (1823- 24). — Map (db m13138) HM|
|Georgia (Banks County), Homer — 006-7 — Mt. Pleasant Church|
|In 1780 a group of people, Garrisons and Wilmonts, met on the top of the hill behind the church, built a platform between two trees, and held a religious meeting. This small gathering, and the statement that it was pleasant to worship on the mountain, led to the building of the first Mt. Pleasant Church, a log structure. The present one, built in 1883, is on land given by John Wilmont. A large wooden arbor with small cabins around, used until 1885, was erected on the church grounds for annual . . . — Map (db m16995) HM|
|Georgia (Banks County), Homer — 006-5 — Nails Creek Baptist Church|
|Nails Creek Baptist Church, the first Baptist Church in Banks County, was established February 11, 1787. It was the Mother Church of Middle River, Grove Level and Indian Creek. Many descendants of its charter members are active in the work of the church. The first building burned in 1864 and was rebuilt in 1868. In 1881 a larger church was erected and that was replaced by the present brick structure in 1908. From 1836 to 1922 28 ministers filled the pulpit. Membership in 1922 was 457 — Map (db m14473) HM|
|Georgia (Barrow County), Bethlehem — Bethlehem United Methodist Church|
|Oldest Methodist Church in Barrow County, organized in the 1780’s. Services first held two miles N.E. in log house. In 1790 a church was built nearby. The present site was originally a camp ground with an arbor, tents & cottages for camp meetings. Arbor used as mobilization center during War Between the States. Exact date church moved to this site unknown. Land deeded by Rev. John W. B. Allen to trustees in 1847. First church here torn down in 1878 and another erected. Present church was built . . . — Map (db m46843) HM|
|Georgia (Barrow County), Hoschton — Bethabra Baptist Church|
|Clayborn Dalton built an arbor for public Worship across Mulberry River in Jackson County in the early 1800’s. It was called “Dalton’s Stand”. In 1813 the church was moved on this side of Mulberry River near the Maynard Cemetery. Rev. Anslem Anthony was the first Pastor serving from 1813 to 1855. He donated 2 1/2 acres of land for the present church with buildings and improvements April 15, 1857. Another building was built about 1880, and stood until the present building was built in 1962. — Map (db m16125) HM|
|Georgia (Barrow County), Statham — Statham House|
|Built circa 1850. Owned by M. John C. Statham. He provided homes for widows of Civil War Veterans; donated land for right-of-way of railroad; streets for town, and a lot for a Methodist Church -- now the city cemetery. Statham, incorporated Dec. 20, 1892, named in honor of its founder, M.J.C. Statham. First Post Office known as Barber’s Creek, 1846; then DeLay, 1854; and changed to Statham in 1892. Statham was originally known as Calamit Village, part of the Talasee Colony on the Ocoloco Trail, . . . — Map (db m17348) HM|
|Georgia (Barrow County), Wiinder — William Pentecost — Born Nov. 4, 1762 – Died Jan. 27, 1839|
|Served 3 years in Revolutionary War from Dinwiddie Co., Va. in Buford’s Detachment.
Lost an arm at Waxhaws, May 29, 1780.
Remembered as successful business man, educator and civic worker, but most outstanding as devout Methodist minister.
Is credited with establishing five churches.
He established Pentecost Methodist Church in 1785. William and Delilah Pentecost were buried in family plot. In 1909 their bodies were re-interred in a single grave in the Pentecost Church cemetery. — Map (db m19763) HM|
|Georgia (Barrow County), Winder — Concord Methodist Cemetery|
|In 1836 Byrd Betts, Pioneer Steward of the Concord Methodist Church, later to become the First Methodist Church of Winder, gave 10 acres land for the church and cemetery. Those known buried here.
Susan, Wife of S. E. Beddingfield, 1829 - March 1851 J. B. Betts, Jan. 26, 1847 - June 19, 1886
O. G. Betts, Dec. 23, 1844 - Jan. 1884 - C.S.A.
Margaret Betts, May 4, ----; 1872 - Leila and Wade Bush Malinda F. Coker, Aug. 22, 1859 - Sept. 13, 1871 T. C. Hardegree, May 25, 1825 - May . . . — Map (db m17407) HM|
|Georgia (Barrow County), Winder — 007-1 — Fort Yargo — <------<<<<|
|This remarkably preserved log blockhouse was built in 1793, according to historians. There are several references to Fort Yargo as existing prior to 1800. Its location is given as three miles southwest of “Jug Tavern,” original name for Winder. Early historians say Fort Yargo was one of four forts built by Humphries Brothers to protect early white settlers from Indians. The other three forts were listed as at Talassee, Thomocoggan, now Jefferson, and Groaning Rock, now Commerce. . . . — Map (db m22396) HM|
|Georgia (Barrow County), Winder — Rockwell Universalist Church|
|Organized 1839 -- second oldest Universalist Church in Georgia. Located here near original site of Rockwell School, oldest school in this section, and Rockwell Masonic Lodge. Confederate Soldiers enlisted and drilled here 1861-1865. Church reorganized in 1867 by Dr. L. F. W. Andrews as first Universalist Church of then Jackson County, and called Mulberry Church. Voting precinct and Justice Court, known as House’s District, were located here until 1900. Present building erected 1881, and name . . . — Map (db m19548) HM|
|Georgia (Barrow County), Winder — Winder's Most Historical Site|
|For years inestimable the CREEK INDIAN VILLAGE of SNODON stood here. In 1793 ALONZO DRAPER, HOMER JACKSON and HERMAN SCUPEEN and their families became the first white people to establish homes in SNODON. This same year SNODON became JUG TAVERN. In 1862, BRYD BETTS gave a portion of land for JUG TAVERN’S first church, the First Methodist.
In 1880 HILLMAN D. JACKSON, DR. JAMES M. SAUNDERS and REV. D. FRANK RUTHERFORD purchased 11 1/2 acres and built JUG TAVERN`S FIRST SCHOOL on this spot . . . — Map (db m17349) HM|
|Georgia (Bartow County), Adairsville — 008-48 — Historic Trimble House — <—2 mi.—<|
|About 2 miles N. is the plantation home of Augustus Crawford Trimble, pioneer settler, member of the Home Guard, and businessman of Adairsville. A son, serving in the 1st Georgia Cavalry under Gen. Joe Wheeler, engaged the enemy on the plantation. Confederates under Wheeler fought Federals north of the house and many of the wounded were carried to the Trimble house which was used as a hospital by Confederates and Federals. Two members of Wheeler's cavalry died in the house and are buried . . . — Map (db m12419) HM|
|Georgia (Bartow County), Adairsville — 008-2 — Mosteller's Mills|
|Five miles NE on State Highway 140 - a notable plantation and manufacturing center of the 1860´s. The Federal 23rd Corps, left wing of Sherman´s forces [US] marching southward from Resaca, having crossed at Field´s Mill, Coosawattee River, enroute to Cassville, camped at Mosteller´s May 18, 1864.
Butterfield´s Div., of the 20th Corps [US], having crossed at Field´s, also marched by Mosteller´s. Geary´s and William´s Divisions, 20th Corps, were joined at Adairsville by Butterfield. — Map (db m13231) HM|
|Georgia (Bartow County), Allatoona — 008-44 — Allatoona Pass|
|Allatoona was in pioneer days a travel hub, because ridges from east and south met here where it was fairly easy to cross the Allatoona Mountain range by winding over a low ridge, or pass.
The Sandtown or Tennessee Road from the south, and the Old Alabama Road from the east, joined here to cross the pass, then separated, the Sandtown to cross the Etowah and aim for Tennessee, and the Alabama
Road to run west on the south side of the Etowah. — Map (db m13843) HM|
|Georgia (Bartow County), Cartersville — 008-54 — Etowah (Tumlin) Mounds|
|For over 100 years Etowah Indian Mounds were the Tumlin Mounds. In 1832 Col. Lewis Tumlin came to Cass County (Bartow) and drew the land lot that contained the mounds. Col. Tumlin served as county sheriff from 1834 to 1840. As young soldiers, Gen. William
T. Sherman and Col. Tumlin became friends. First visiting the mounds in 1844, Sherman returned in 1864 and spared Col. Tumlin´s home. In 1887, the Tumlins allowed the Smithsonian Institute´s Bureau of American Ethnology to survey and . . . — Map (db m13471) HM|
|Georgia (Bartow County), Cartersville — Etowah Valley Plantation|
|On this site from 1844-1879 stood the plantation of Maj. John Sharpe Rowland and Frances Lewis Rowland. The plantation comprised some 2,500 acres. Rowland’s Ferry was located just northeast of here at the mouth of Pettit’s Creek. The Rowlands also owned Rowland Springs which was approximately 9.5 miles northeast of here. It was the most exclusive resort in the State of Georgia in the mid 19th century.
John Rowland was a veteran of the War of 1812 and served as Superintendent of the Western . . . — Map (db m68747) HM|
|Georgia (Bartow County), Cartersville — 008-51 — Friendship Monument|
|The nearby marble shaft has the unique distinction of having been erected by a debtor in honor of his creditors. Losses during the panic of 1857 forced Mark A. Cooper, proprietor of the Etowah Iron Works, to offer this property for sale to satisfy a $100,000 debt. Thirty-eight friends signed notes totaling that amount to save the enterprise. When the debt was repaid in 1860, Cooper erected this monument on which the names of his benefactors are inscribed. — Map (db m11627) HM|
|Georgia (Bartow County), Cartersville — 008-50 — Mark Anthony Cooper's Iron Works|
|These ruins of an old iron furnace built by Moses Stroup are all that remain of Cooper's Iron Works, developed by Mark Anthony Cooper, pioneer industrialist, politician, and farmer. Cooper was born in 1800 near Powelton, Ga. Graduating from S.C. College (now the University of S.C.) in 1819, he was admitted to the bar in 1821 and opened a law office in Eatonton. A member of the Ga. Legislature in 1855, he later served in the 26th Congress, filled a vacancy in the 27th, and was reelected to the . . . — Map (db m56319) HM|
|Georgia (Bartow County), Cartersville — Pierce Manning Butler Young, (1836-1896)|
|PMB Young was born in Spartanburg, S.C., on November 15, 1836. His parents were Dr. Robert Maxwell and Elizabeth Caroline (Jones) Young. The Young family came to Georgia in 1839. He graduated from Georgia Military Institute at Marietta in 1856; studied law; entered the USMA, West Point, N.Y., in 1857 and resigned two months before graduation to enter the Confederate Army. He became the youngest Major General in both Armies. After the war, he came home to Cartersville. Was elected to fill the . . . — Map (db m21680) HM|
|Georgia (Bartow County), Cartersville — Tribute on Monument / 38 Names on Monument|
|Side 1 This monument is erected by Mark A. Cooper, Proprietor at Etowah, as a Grateful tribute to the Friendship and Liberality of those whose names are hereon inscribed, which prompted them to aid him in the prosecution and development of the interests at Etowah. Side 2 West Side Wade S. Cochran • John Banks • William L. Mitchell • J.E. Hart • Pleasant Stovall • John M. Flournoy • James R. Jones • H.S. Smith • Wareham Cromwell • Hon. M.J. Wellborn • John W. Lewis • Lewis Tumlin . . . — Map (db m11630) HM|
|Georgia (Bartow County), Cassville — 008-21 — Site - Cassville Female College|
|A large brick structure erected 1853. May 19, 1864: Skirmishers of Polk´s A.C. [CS] withdrew from this ridge E. to Cassville when pressed back by Butterfield´s (3d) Div., 20th A.C. [US], from the Hawkins Price house. Battery C, 1st Ohio Lt. Art., supported by 73d Ohio, 19th Mich. & 20th Conn. Reg’ts. [US] occupied ridge & shelled the town as Johnson´s Army [CS] withdrew to ridge E. of it.
At night Cassville was seized by the 19th Mich. & 20th Conn. Female College & town were burned by . . . — Map (db m13941) HM|
|Georgia (Bartow County), Cassville — 008-22 — Site - Cherokee Baptist College|
|On Chapman Hill; a school for boys established Jan. 1854. A large three-story brick bldg. flanked by two-story wings. Burned 1856; rebuilt 1857, destroyed by
Federal forces Oct. 12, 1864. This, & the Methodist Female College 3/4 mi. N.E., were the first chartered institutions of higher education in Cherokee Georgia. Their destruction, together with the burning of Cassville, marked the passing of a notable educational center in this section of the state. — Map (db m13942) HM|
|Georgia (Bartow County), Cassville — Site of Cassville — Named For Lewis Cass|
|County seat Cass County 1832-1861. First decision Supreme Court of Georgia, 1846. Name changed to Manassas 1861. Town burned by Sherman 1864 and never rebuilt. — Map (db m12359) HM|
|Georgia (Bartow County), Cassville — 008-17 — Town Of Cassville|
| In this valley was once situated the proud town of Cassville, begun in July 1833, as the seat of justice for Cass County and soon the center of trade and travel in the region recently comprising the Cherokee Nation. Both the county and town where named in the honor of Gen. Lewis Cass Michigan statesman and Secretary of War in the Cabinet of President Andrew Jackson.
A decade after its founding Cassville lost its preeminence as a trading center due to the location of the state owned . . . — Map (db m12371) HM|
|Georgia (Bartow County), Kingston — 008-8 — Historic Price House|
|2.5 mi. N.E. is the antebellum house of Col. Hawkins F. Price; State Senator 1857-1865; Mem. Ga. Secession Convention. A landmark of military operations near Cassville, where both Gen. Daniel Butterfield & Gen. Hooker (20th A.C.) [US] had headquarters May 19, 1864. Hooker had been ordered from Adairsville to Kingston, on false reports that Johnston [CS] had retreated there. S. of the price house Hooker discovered that Johnston had gone to Cassville. — Map (db m13497) HM|
|Georgia (Bartow County), Kingston — 008-49 — Kingston Methodist Church|
|The original church, with another name and at another location, was built in 1845, rebuilt in Kingston in 1854, and dedicated by Rev. Lovick Pierce, a leading preacher of the nation and father of Bishop George F. Pierce. The only church remaining after Sherman´s
march through here, it opened its doors freely to all denominations, creating such a spirit of fellowship that children of the generation grew up feeling there was only one church. It was Kingston´s schoolhouse, too. For many years . . . — Map (db m13537) HM|
|Georgia (Bartow County), Kingston — 008-32 — Spring Bank|
|Ante-bellum plantation and residence of the Rev. Charles Wallace Howard, where he established a private school. May 18, 1864. Hardee´s A.C. [CS] moved from Adairsville to Kingston on this road enroute to Cass Station. May 19, the 4th and 14th A.C. [US] followed, occupying Kingston, to which point all the rest of the army had been directed by Sherman under the false impression that Johnston´s forces had retreated there. The stirring events of locality are ably set forth by Frances Thomas . . . — Map (db m13195) HM|
|Georgia (Bartow County), Rydal — Old Pine Log Indian Town|
|Pine Log Town, located on Pine Log Creek in the flat fields slightly over a half mile east of Oak Hill Church north of GA 140, (in Pine Log, Georgia), extended almost a mile along the creek. The lots were 293, 294, 295,296, 317, 318, 284,and 283, in the 23rd District and 2nd Section of the new organized Cass County (now Bartow) in 1832. The Ridge, or Major Ridge, brought his aged parents from Hiawassee (now Tennessee) to Pine Log (now Georgia) because of the tranquility of the place. It was . . . — Map (db m13190) HM|
|Georgia (Bibb County), Macon — 011-6 — Birthplace of Sidney Lanier|
|Sidney Lanier, poet, linguist, musician, mathematician & lawyer, was born in this cottage, Feb. 3, 1842. He graduated from Oglethorpe Univ. then at Milledgeville, served as a private in the Confederate Army and was captured while commanding a blockade runner. Lanier was married in 1867 to Mary Day of Macon where he practiced law with his father. Moving to Maryland he lectured at Johns Hopkins while carrying on his writing. He died at Lynn, N.C. Sept 7, 1881. Among his best known works are "The Marshes of Glynn" & "Song of the Chattahoochee". — Map (db m664) HM|
|Georgia (Bibb County), Macon — John Basil Lamar|
|Col. John Basil Lamer, aide-de-camp of General Howell Cobb, his brother-in-law and close friend, was mortally wounded on September 14, 1862 while vainly trying to rally Cobb’s Brigade at Crampton’s Gap, Maryland. After temporary burial in Charles Town, Virginia, he was later reinterred here at Rose Hill. His adult life was identified with Macon, where he settled in 1830. He resided on Walnut Street in the Abner house, known as “The Bear’s Den”. He was master of a great cotton . . . — Map (db m25121) HM|
|Georgia (Bibb County), Macon — 011-23 — Mulberry Street Methodist Church|
|This church, organized in 1826, is on land deeded to it by the Georgia Legislature in the same year. In 1828, the first church building in Macon was erected on this site. The first appointed pastor was Thomas Darley, who had been ordained by Bishop Francis Asbury.
Because the Georgia Conference was organized on this site in 1831 the church is known as the Mother Church of Georgia Methodism. Originally known as the Macon Church, the name was changed in 1847, to Mulberry Street Church. . . . — Map (db m29210) HM|
|Georgia (Bibb County), Macon — 11-1 — The First Baptist Church of Christ — at Macon|
|This church was founded in 1826 as the city’s first Baptist congregation. It was first located at the site of the present Bibb County Courthouse. The fourth and final move, to this site, occurred in 1883 and the current building was dedicated in 1887. The church was instrumental in the formation of several local congregations including Mabel White Memorial Baptist Church. In 1903 the congregation funded construction of the first Southern Baptist hospital in a foreign land, the Warren Memorial . . . — Map (db m23046) HM|
|Georgia (Brooks County), Grooverville — 014-10 — Grooverville Methodist Church|
|This church had its beginning in 1832, on the plantation of William H. Ramsey, about 4 1/2 miles Southwest of here. There being no Methodist services in the vicinity at the time he and his family moved to this area. Mr. Ramsey built a brush-arbor near his home and there held Bible study and worship services. Later he joined with other Methodist families and built a long church 3 1/2 miles South on the road to St. Mark. They named this church, Lebanon, and some time during the 1840’s it was made . . . — Map (db m10025) HM|
|Georgia (Brooks County), Grooverville — 014-4 — Liberty Baptist Church|
|Between 1837 and 1841 the Baptists in this section were stirred on Missions, Sunday Schools and ministerial support. In 1841 the Ocklochnee anti-Missionary Baptist Assn. passed a ruling to dismiss members believing in the “new fangled institutions of the day.” Disagreeing, Sister Nancy Hagen asked for her letter from Mt. Moriah Church and, at her request, was excommunicated. With Elisha Pack Smith, R. T. Stanaland, James I. Baker, Mrs. Sarah Ann Groover, Mrs. Mary Smith, Mrs. Amanda . . . — Map (db m10172) HM|
|Georgia (Brooks County), Morven — 014-3 — Mount Zion Camp Ground|
|The first Camp Meeting was held on this site in 1828 by a "few scattered Methodists" before any Methodist Church in the area was organized. William Hendry, William Blair and Hamilton W. Sharpe, as a committee, selected the site. Rev. Adam Wyrick was the first visiting preacher. In 1831 Sion and Enoch Hall deeded the land on which the Camp Ground stood to the Methodist Episcopal Church. Housed first in a brush~arbor, the weeklong meetings were held without interruption until 1881. Then the camp . . . — Map (db m14761) HM|
|Georgia (Brooks County), Morven — 014-6 — Old Coffee Road — <–––– ––––>|
|The Old Coffee Road, first vehicular and postal route of this area, passed here running southwestward from the Ocmulgee River via today´s Lax, Nashville, Cecil, Barwick, and Thomasville to the Florida line above Tallahassee. The thoroughfare was opened by direction of the State in 1823 under the superintendence of General John Coffee and Thomas Swain. This early way provided a short route from the older middle and eastern sections of the State into Southwest Georgia. Much of the former course remains in daily use. — Map (db m14751) HM|
|Georgia (Brooks County), Nankin — 014-7 — Columbia Primitive Baptist Church|
|Columbia Primitive Baptist Church was formally constituted on the first Sunday in October, 1833, after serving as an arm of Bethany Church more than a year. Moses Dees was the first delegate from Columbia to the annual meeting of the mother church, Union on the Alapaha River, late in October 1833. On May 3,
1833, while Columbia was still an arm of Bethany Church, Thomas Newbern made a deed to the church property to Samuel T. Henderson, Moses Dees, and
Jarvis T. Frier as Trustees for Columbia . . . — Map (db m14749) HM|
|Georgia (Brooks County), Pavo — 014-8 — Bethel Primitive Baptist Church|
|Bethel Primitive Baptist Church, the second Baptist Church to be organized in the area of old Lowndes County, was constituted September 2, 1826. The
organizing Presbytery were: Elders Benjamin Manning. Matthew Albritton and Henry Melton, with Deacon William A. Knight. Charter members of Bethel Church were: Elder Melus Thigpen and his wife, Sarah; Archibald Strickland and his wife, Luander; Henry C. Tucker and his wife, Sarah.
Elder Thigpen served as supply pastor until 1828, when the Rev. . . . — Map (db m51514) HM|
|Georgia (Brooks County), Quitman — 014-9 — Bethlehem Primitive Baptist Church|
|Bethlehem Primitive Baptist Church about 4 miles Southwest of here, was constituted November 29, 1834. The charter members included: William T.
Rushing, his wife, Belinda; Asa Geiger, his wife, Nancy; William Jones, his wife, Elizabeth; James McLeod, his wife. Jemima; Jared Johnson; John
Turner, his wife, Lucy; Emily Turner; Henry Rowell; Cynthia Rowell; James Rowell, his wife, Sarah; William C. Goff, his wife, Jincy; Rebecca Beasley; Nellie Goff. The Rev. Ryan Frier was the first pastor; . . . — Map (db m14747) HM|
|Georgia (Brooks County), Quitman — 14-1 — Brooks County|
|This county created by Act of the Legislature Dec. 11, 1858, is named for Preston Smith Brooks, zealous defender of States Rights. Born in S.C. Aug. 6, 1819, Brooks served in the Mexican War & in Congress. He died June 27, 1857. The first County Officers included: Ordinary Angus Morrison, Sheriff Enoch Hall Pike, Clerk of Superior & Inferior Courts D.W. McRae. Tax Collector George Alderman, Tax Receiver John Delk, Treasurer William F. Speight, Surveyor Jeremiah Wilson, Coroner John T. Devane, . . . — Map (db m26977) HM|
|Georgia (Brooks County), Quitman — 014-5 — Old Coffee Road — <–––– ––––>|
|The Old Coffee Road, earliest vehicular and postal route of this area, crossed here, leading southwestward from the Ocmulgee River via today´s Lax,
Nashville, Cecil, Barwick and Thomasville to the Florida Line. The thoroughfare was opened by direction of the State in 1823 under the
superintendence of General John Coffee and Thomas Swain. As a pioneer way this route played a significant part in the settlement and development of
Southwest Georgia. Much of the former course remains in daily use. — Map (db m14763) HM|
|Georgia (Bulloch County), Arcola — 016-2A — John Abbot (1751-1839) — Ornithologist, Entomologist, Artist »—1/3 Mi.→|
|In the old McElveen Cemetery, one-third of a mile northeast of this marker, is the grave of John Abbot, pioneer naturalist of Georgia. Abbot was born in London June 1, 1751, and in early youth became devoted to the study and delineation of insects. At sixteen he already had become proficient with water colors and had collected, painted and exhibited his work in London. Longing for new collecting grounds, he came to Virginia in 1773 and, after three years there, he settled in Georgia. During . . . — Map (db m24018) HM|
|Georgia (Burke County), Waynesboro — 017-3 — Botsford Church - 1773 — —→|
|Botsford Church, Constituted in 1773 by the Rev. Edmund Botsford, was the second Baptist church in Georgia. Originally located 25 miles below Augusta, known as the New Savannah Church, it was moved about 10 miles to this place after the Revolution. This
building,erected about 1875, replaced the first church which burned. The old minute book contains a list of members and a resolution memorializing those who died in Confederate service. Rev. Botsford, born in England, a vigorous missionary, . . . — Map (db m13116) HM|
|Georgia (Calhoun County), Morgan — 019-1 — Calhoun County|
|This county, created by Act of the Legislature Feb. 20, 1854, is named for John C. Calhoun, famed South Carolina Statesman, who resigned as Vice President of the United States in 1832 to return to the U.S. Senate and defend States Rights in debates with Daniel Webster. He served as Secretary of War (1817-25) and Secretary of State (1844-45)
First Calhoun County Officers were: Sheriff Wm. H. Pierce, Clerk Joseph W. Roberts, Ordinary Wm. S. Harris, Tax Receiver H.W. Wilkins, Tax Collector . . . — Map (db m27052) HM|
|Georgia (Camden County), Kings Bay — 020-12 — Tabby Sugar Works of John Houston McIntosh|
|These are the ruins of a tabby sugar works built by John Houston McIntosh at New Canaan Plantation soon after 1825. In his sugar house McIntosh installed what was, according to Thomas Spalding, the first horizontal cane mill worked by cattle power.
McIntosh, born in 1773 in what is now McIntosh County, settled in East Florida as a young man and became a leader of a group of American citizens who, during the War of 1812, plotted the annexation of East Florida to the United States. This plot . . . — Map (db m21289) HM|
|Georgia (Camden County), Kingsland — 20-1 — Treaty of Coleraine|
|On June 29, 1796, this Treaty was signed ¼ mile south of here near Indian Agent James Seagrove’s home, a trading post and garrison of Federal troops on the St. Marys River. The meeting included representatives of the United States and the State of Georgia, and an assemblage of 400 Creek Indians. Though unpopular in Georgia, the treaty affirmed the authority of the Federal government over state governments in Native American relations, and helped further President Washington’s plan to . . . — Map (db m60207) HM|
|Georgia (Camden County), Saint Marys — 020-1 — First Presbyterian Church|
|Built by public subscription as a place of divine worship for inhabitants of St. Marys and its vicinity. Reverend Horace Southworth Pratt was ordained and installed as the first pastor by the Presbytery of Georgia in June, 1822. Incorporated under the name of the Independent Presbyterian Church of St. Marys Dec. 20, 1828. On Dec. 5, 1832, the Independent Church was incorporated as the First Presbyterian Church of St. Marys in the Georgia Presbytery. — Map (db m21062) HM|
|Georgia (Camden County), St Marys — 020-11 — St. Marys Methodist Church Established 1799-1800 — Celebrated Sesqui-Centennial 1949|
|This church is the oldest religious organization in the city, although not the oldest church building. George Clark served as the first missionary to the people here in 1792. John Garvin was the first appointed Pastor to St. Marys in 1799. Methodist services were first held in the building erected for a Courthouse. In 1812 the City of St. Marys deeded Methodists a lot 200 x 200 ft., still in use at this time. Church built after 1812 was in use until a few years before the Civil War when the . . . — Map (db m23044) HM|
|Georgia (Camden County), St. Marys — 020-10 — City of St. Marys|
|This town was built on the north bank of the St. Marys River at a place called Buttermilk Bluff. The original tract of land, containing 1620 acres, was purchased by the proprietors for laying out the Town of St. Marys for Jacob Weed for thirty eight dollars each on Dec. 12, 1787. The city was first laid out by James Finley, County Surveyor, in August 1788 and recorded Jan. 5, 1789. The twenty proprietors were: Isaac Wheeler, William Norris, Nathaniel Ashley, Lodowick Ashley, James Seagrove, . . . — Map (db m14180) HM|
|Georgia (Camden County), St. Marys — 020-4 — First Pecan Trees Grown Here About 1840 — ←|
|Grown from pecan nuts found floating at sea by Capt. Samuel F. Flood and planted by his wife, nee Rebecca Grovenstine, on Block 47.
The remainder of these nuts were planted by St. Joseph Sebastian Arnow in the north half of Block 26.
These first plantings produced large and heavy-bearing trees, as did their nuts and shoots in turn. Taken from St. Marys to distant points throughout southeastern states they became famous before the Texas pecans were generally known. — Map (db m14398) HM|
|Georgia (Camden County), St. Marys — 020-3 — Washington Pump & Oak|
|There were originally six wells one in each square, the only source of pure water for St. Marys, (until the tidal wave of 1818).
On the day that the Father of the Country was buried at Mt. Vernon local services were also held throughout the nation. St. Marys citizens marched to the dock to meet a boat bearing a flag draped casket; bore it up Osborn St. and with due ceremony and firing of guns, buried it where the Well known as the “Washington Pump” now is.
To mark the . . . — Map (db m14178) HM|
|Georgia (Candler County), Metter — 021-2 — Old Sunbury Road — ← →|
|The route crossing at this point is the Sunbury Road, one of the longest vehicular thoroughfares of post-Revolutionary Georgia. It was laid out in the early 1790´s from Greensboro via today´s Sparta and Swainsboro to the town of Sunbury, a port on the
Midway River in Liberty County. The route was noted for its elevated course and small number of stream crossings. When Sunbury, once a leading Georgia port, lost commercial significance, the road declined in arterial importance. Much of the old way, however,
continues in daily use. — Map (db m13361) HM|
|Georgia (Carroll County), Bowdon — 022-2 — Last Land in Georgia Ceded by the Creeks|
|Bowdon is near the geographical center of the last land in Georgia owned by the Creek Nation and ceded to the U.S. This tract, approximately 550 sq. mi. in area, is 80 mi long and 10 mi. wide at its widest point.
When Carroll County was surveyed in 1827, it was discovered that all of some districts and parts of others were actually still in Creek Territory and still beyond the limits of the Treaties of Jan. 24 and March 31, 1826. An additional treaty, signed at the Creek Agency Nov. 15, . . . — Map (db m31329) HM|
|Georgia (Carroll County), Bowdon — 022-7 — Site of Bowdon College — 1857-1936|
|Bowdon College was Georgia’s fifth chartered institution of higher education and first coeducational institution. Bowdon was a frontier community of merchants and yeomen who nourished the growth of a school where earnest students of limited means bettered their lives and their communities.
The college closed its doors briefly when all but two of the students (one blind, one with no arms) entered the Confederate Army. The president, Charles A. McDaniel, and 128 of the 144 students died in the . . . — Map (db m31328) HM|
|Georgia (Carroll County), Villa Rica — The Grove|
|In the mid-1600s, John Tyson traveled from the British Isles to Virginia. Over the next 200 years, his descendents migrated to North Carolina and on to Georgia. Alexander, Clement, and Jehu Tyson and their mother Penelope settled this land in 1853. Their
children, including Willie, Joseph T., and Solomon, were born here and helped establish local churches and schools. Descendents of Willie`s five children, Oscar, Lizzie T. Gardner, Tom, Fannie T. Payne, and Will D., consider this their . . . — Map (db m10041) HM|
|Georgia (Catoosa County), Ringgold — 023-1 — Catoosa County|
|Created December 5, 1853, the county has an Indian name. Ringgold bears the name of Major Samuel Ringgold, who died of wounds received at the Mexican War battle of Palo Alto in 1846. Taylor’s Ridge, visible for miles, is named for the Indian chief Richard Taylor. Catoosa Springs, four miles to the east, and Gordon Springs, ten miles south, were colorful ante-bellum summer resorts.
The bloody Chickamauga battle was fought seven miles to the west, the battlefield now being a National Military Park. — Map (db m19268) HM|
|Georgia (Catoosa County), Ringgold — 023-7 — Old Federal Road|
|This highway is part of the Old Federal Road, an early thoroughfare that linked Georgia and west Tennessee across the Indian Country. It began on the southeast boundary of the Cherokees, in the direction of Athens, Georgia and led toward Nashville via Rossville. Another branch ran from Ramhurst, Georgia toward Knoxville. Formal permission to open this road was granted by the Cherokees in the 1805 Treaty of Tellico. Prior to its use by the Whites, the route was an Indian trading path to Augusta. . . . — Map (db m12179) HM|
|Georgia (Catoosa County), Ringgold — 023-11 — The Napier House|
|Thomas Thompson Napier built this house in 1836 of heavy local timber prepared by slaves and finishing lumber brought by ox-wagon from Augusta. During the Battle of Chickamauga 20 wounded soldiers were cared for in the house by Mrs. Martha Harris Napier and Mrs. Debbie Thedford, assisting an Army nurse. Water was hauled to the battlefield from Blue and Sweet Springs on the Napier place. In early days there was a race track on the property where Indians and early settlers were said to gather for races and chicken fights. — Map (db m13864) HM|
|Georgia (Catoosa County), Ringgold — 023-10 — The Whitman House|
|This house of handmade brick was built about 1863 by Mr. William L. Whitman, prominent merchant of Ringgold. After the Battle of Ringgold General U. S. Grant established his headquarters here. When he and his staff were leaving he offered Mrs. Whitman pay for lodging in $50,00 U.S. greenbacks but she asked for Confederate money instead. Gen. Grant is said to have remarked, 'She certainly is not whipped yet,' and his soldiers cheered her as they left. The Whitman family watched the fiercest part . . . — Map (db m9061) HM|
|Georgia (Charlton County), Folkston — Henry Roddenberry|
|Memorial to Henry Roddenberry
Born 1803 – Died 1861
Son of George Roddenberry (1758 – 1850)
A Soldier in the American Revolution
Settled near Traders Hill about 1835
Indian War Mounted Soldier 1838 – 1839
A first citizen of Charlton County, he was its first Tax Collector 1854-1855, its first State Senator 1855-1856, and a public servant unitl death in 1861.
A born leader, honored and respected by all, and revered by his posterity. — Map (db m27443) HM|
|Georgia (Charlton County), Folkston — 024-4 — Sardis Church — <--- 2 mi. ---<<<<|
|Sardis Church, about 2 miles West on this Road, is the oldest church in Charlton County. Constituted some time before 1821, the first edifice was built in this area. The church was moved to or near its present site in 1840. The pulpit in this edifice has been in use for more than 100 years, and bears a bullet scar from the Indian Wars.
With 24 members, Sardis Church was admitted to the Alapaha River Primitive Baptist Association, October 13, 1856.
In the cemetery adjacent to the . . . — Map (db m27439) HM|
|Georgia (Chatham County), Burroughs — 25-16 — Savannah-Ogeechee Canal|
|Chartered in 1824, the Savannah-Ogeechee Canal was constructed between 1826 and 1830 by African and Irish laborers who moved thousands of cubic yards of earth. A boon to Georgia’s economy, the canal moved cotton, rice, bricks, and natural fertilizer. The lumber industry revived canal usage following a Civil War-era lull, but a yellow fever epidemic blamed on the canal caused a further decline. the canal closed in the early 1890’s as the Central of Georgia Railroad served transportation needs. . . . — Map (db m47921) HM|
|Georgia (Chatham County), Port Wentworth — 025-78 — Indian Trading Post: Home of Mary Musgrove|
|During the first years after the founding of the Colony of Georgia in 1733 these lands (now owned by the Savannah Sugar Refining Company) were known as the "Grange" or "Cowpen" plantation. Along the Savannah River, about one mile East of this marker, was located the home of John Musgrove and his wife, Mary, who engaged there in the Indian trade and in farming and cattle raising.
Mary Musgrove, famed in Georgia history for her services to James Edward Oglethorpe as interpreter, was a . . . — Map (db m12556) HM|
|Georgia (Chatham County), Savannah — 25-29 — Largest Slave Sale in Georgia History — The Weeping Time|
|One of the largest sales of enslaved persons in U.S. history took place on March 2-3, 1859, at the Ten Broeck Race Course ¼ mile southwest of here. To satisfy his creditors, Pierce M. Butler sold 436 men, women, and children from his Butler Island and Hampton plantations near Darien, Georgia. The breakup of families and the loss of home became part of African-American heritage remembered as "the weeping time." The event was reported extensively in the northern press and reaction to the sale . . . — Map (db m15838) HM|
|Georgia (Chatham County), Savannah — 25-41 — Old City Exchange Bell|
|This bell, which is believed to be the oldest in Georgia, bears the date 1802. Imported from Amsterdam, it hung in the cupola of the City Exchange from 1804 until a short time before that building was razed to make way for the present City Hall.
In its day, the bell signaled the closing time for shops and was rung by a watchman when fire broke out. Its rich tones were heard in celebration of American victories during the War of 1812.
It pealed a welcome to such distinguished visitors to . . . — Map (db m4913) HM|
|Georgia (Chatham County), Savannah — 3 — Savannah and the Slave Trade|
|Although slavery was illegal when the colony of Georgia was founded, it was a well established institution in other American colonies. Settlers were confronted with the economics to compete with slave labor. Carolinians produced cash crops with slave labor that significantly undersold commodities produced in Georgia by freedmen. South Carolina planters provided the first slaves that arrived in Georgia. Other Georgia settlers soon requested permission to own slaves. By 1748, some 350 slaves . . . — Map (db m19587) HM|
|Georgia (Chatham County), Savannah — 25-7 — Savannah Waterfront|
|The colony of Georgia began on Savannah's waterfront in 1733. The riverfront has always played an important role in Georgia, whether as a colonial port, exporter of cotton, or tourist destination. The first commercial house below the bluff opened in 1744. Cotton dominated Savannah's exports throughout the nineteenth century. Construction began in early 1800s for the multi-storied warehouses and "Factor's Walk," named for the cotton brokes whose offices were in the upper floors. River Street, . . . — Map (db m4900) HM|
|Georgia (Chatham County), Savannah — 025-5 — Sherman's Headquarters — Green-Meldrim Mansion|
|General William Tecumseh Sherman used this house as headquarters from Dec. 22, 1864, until Feb. 1, 1865. Charles Green offered the use of his home to General Sherman and his staff. Sherman's chaplain conducted the Christmas services in St. John's Church. The house was built for Green, a British subject residing in Savannah prior to 1854. The architect was John S. Norris of New York.The house is notable as one of the country's finest examples of residential Gothic Revival architecture, the . . . — Map (db m8881) HM|
|Georgia (Chattooga County), Trion — 027-3 — First Cotton Mill In Northwest Georgia|
|Three Walker County businessmen, Andrew P. Allgood, Spencer S. Marsh and Col. W.K. Briers, officially organized the Trion factory Oct. 12, 1845. It has had few shut-downs since its first production in 1847. In 1858 an epidemic, in 1864 Sherman's invading Federal Army closed the mill until the end of the War Between the States, fire on April 10, 1876 only shut the mill for six months and a strike for six weeks in 1934. Three families owned and operated the mill through its first 150 years. The . . . — Map (db m11460) HM|
|Georgia (Cherokee County), Canton — 028-4 — Cherokee County Gold|
|Cherokee County, located along Georgia’s gold belt, figured prominently in the gold rush of the 1830’s and 40’s. Several mines operated along a five mile area near the Etowah River in the northeastern part of the county, including the Franklin-Creighton, Sandow, and Latham Mines. More than 30 other small placer mines extended southwesterly across the county and included the Sixes Mine, worked earlier by the Cherokees. After the 1860’s, most gold mining operations in the county either slowed or . . . — Map (db m21821) HM|
|Georgia (Cherokee County), Canton — 028-3 — Joseph Emerson Brown|
|Born April 15, 1821 in Pickens District, South Carolina, he grew up in Union County, Georgia. He taught to pay for his education and while teaching in Canton he read law at night, being admitted to the bar in August, 1845. He graduated from the Yale Law School and practiced law in this city. He was elected State Senator in 1849; Judge of the Superior Court, Blue Ridge Circuit, in 1855; Governor in 1857, serving during the trying years of the War Between the States until 1865. He was Chief . . . — Map (db m21891) HM|
|Georgia (Clarke County), Athens — Old Athens Cemetery|
|This site is the original burial ground for Athens and contains the remains of its earliest citizens. It is a part of the original tract of land purchased for The University of Georgia by Governor John Milledge in 1801. All people in Athens were allowed to bury their dead here free of charge. Some markers are uninscribed local field stones, others are of imported marble. Two Revolutionary soldiers are known to be buried here as well as Dr. Moses Waddell, president of the University 1819-1829. . . . — Map (db m19707) HM|
|Georgia (Clarke County), Athens — 29-4 — Old College|
|Built in 1806 by Jett Thomas to the specifications of college president Josiah Meigs, Old College was the first permanent building on the University of Georgia campus. Originally named Franklin College in honor of Benjamin Franklin, the building served as housing, dining, and classroom facilities for the fledgling University. As the campus grew the building came to be known as Old College. Condemned as structurally unsound by 1906, the building was largely rebuilt and rededicated in 1908 at the . . . — Map (db m19515) HM|
|Georgia (Clarke County), Athens — 029-15 — Robert Toombs Oak|
|A majestic oak tree once stood on this spot and one of the University's most endearing legends also flourished here. Robert Toombs (1810-1885) was young, and boisterous when he was dismissed from Franklin College in 1828. Five decades later it was said that Toombs returned on the next commencement day after he was expelled and spoke so eloquently under the tree that the entire audience left the chapel to hear him. Later, it was said, that the tree was struck by lightning on the day Toombs . . . — Map (db m11966) HM|
|Georgia (Clay County), Georgetown — New Lowell United Methodist Church / New Lowell School|
|New Lowell United Methodist Church
Methodist Episcopal Church worship services were conducted in this area during the early 1840’s in a brush arbor. The original church, known as Lowell, was destroyed by fire during the Civil War. From 1865 to 1890 the Methodists and Baptists worshiped together at Union Church at Midway and later at Salem Church. The present church was built in 1900 from virgin pine and the interior still contains the original pews, pulpit and altar rail. On January 9, . . . — Map (db m23419) HM|
|Georgia (Clayton County), Jonesboro — 031-7 — Clayton County|
|Clayton County was created by Act of Nov. 30, 1858 from Fayette and Henry Counties. It was named for Augustine Smith Clayton, born at Fredericksburg, Va., Nov. 27, 1783, who moved to Georgia before 1800. A graduate of the U. of Ga., he was a lawyer, legislator, judge. During two terms in Congress he opposed tariff and U.S. bank measures. He died in Athens, June 21, 1839. First officers of Clayton County, commissioned Jan. 13, 1859, were: Robert K. Holliday, Clk. Sup. Ct.; A.J. Hayes, Clk. Inf. . . . — Map (db m18956) HM|
|Georgia (Clayton County), Jonesboro — Heritage Place — 1981|
|Historic Jonesboro, named in honor of Samuel Goode Jones in 1845, was founded in 1823 as Leaksville. Later Clayton County was created by the Act of November 30, 1858 from Fayette and Henry Counties, and Jonesboro became the County Seat. The town was rebuilt in 1864 after being razed by Sherman’s troops on their March to the Sea. Later the area was immortalized in Margaret Mitchell’s epic, “Gone With The Wind”. — Map (db m18815) HM|
|Georgia (Clayton County), Jonesboro — The Johnson-Blalock House|
|Ante-Bellum home of James F. Johnson, attorney, planter, merchant, Confederate officer and noted political figure in mid-nineteenth century Georgia. Johnson introduced the legislation which created Clayton County in 1858 and the bill which incorporated the town of Jonesboro in 1859. Col. Johnson knew virtually all of Georgia's political leaders over a period of years and it is reasonable to assume that a number of distinguished Georgians were guests in the Johnson home. The house was acquired . . . — Map (db m18183) HM|
|Georgia (Clayton County), Jonesboro — 031-3 — The Warren House|
| During the War Between the States, on this property to the north and west of this house was fought a major part of the Battle of Jonesboro, August 31st and September 1st,1864. The battle was a struggle to capture the railroad to cut off supplies to Atlanta from the south. This house, used as headquarters and a hospital during the battle by the 52nd Illinois Regiment, was built by G.L. Warren in 1840. For many years, a bullet lodged in the wall and cannonballs in the yard were evidence of the proximity of heavy fighting. — Map (db m12357) HM|
|Georgia (Clayton County), Riverdale — 031-32 — Site: Marcus Long House|
|Near here stood the antebellum, one-story farm house of Marcus Long, a Confederate soldier who fell on a Virginia battlefield. The house, cited several times in Official Records, was a prominent landmark in movements of the Federal 4th and 23rd Corps from Red Oak on the A. & W.P. R. R. to the Macon R. R. at and below Rough & Ready, Aug. 30 and 31, 1864. The cutting of the two railroads forced General Hood to abandon Atlanta before he heard the final results of the fighting at Jonesboro. — Map (db m18826) HM|
|Georgia (Clinch County), Fargo — Stephen Collins Foster|
|Erected in Memory of Stephen Collins Foster
At the Source of the Stream Which he made Immortal in Song
Donated by Charles J. Haden — Map (db m27481) HM|
|Georgia (Clinch County), Homerville — 032-5 — First Court in Clinch County — 1 mi.→|
|About 1 mile south of here, the first Court and Election in Clinch County were held in 1850, in the home of Jonathan Knight. Pursuant to the Act creating
Clinch, Commissioners appointed met in the Knight house to perfect the organization of the County, and elected County officers. Courts were held in the Knight home during the first six months of 1850. — Map (db m14649) HM|
|Georgia (Clinch County), Sirmans — 032-4 — Bethany Baptist Church|
|Bethany Primitive Baptist Church was initiated as an arm of Union Church in 1841, and was formally constituted in May, 1847.
In the cemetery adjoining the church, on the high bluff of Arabia Bay, are buried many of the pioneers of this section, among them, William Smith, a
Revolutionary soldier. — Map (db m14648) HM|
|Georgia (Cobb County), Acworth — Peters-Davenport House — circa 1838|
|Dr. James Peters built his family’s homestead here. The original house was a very early version of a two-room frame structure with two doors and two chimneys. Outbuildings included a barn, well, privy, and summer kitchen. The original rooms had 10" wide, hand-planed boards on the walls and ceilings and 6" wide pine plank flooring secured with cut or hand-wrought nails.
Significant Civil War military events transpired at the house and in the immediate vicinity in 1864. General Oliver O. . . . — Map (db m30655) HM|
|Georgia (Cobb County), Atlanta — 033-84 — Site: Hardy Pace’s Res. Howard’s Headquarters|
|Hardy Pace (1785-1864), operated the Chattahoochee River ferry at site of bridge where Pace’s Ferry rd. crosses. Federal forces occupied Vining’s Station, July 5-17, 1864, while preparing to cross at Pace’s & Power’s for the move on Atlanta. Gen. O. O. Howard, 4th A. C., had headquarters at the Pace res., July 5-10. Vining’s temporary terminal of the R. R., was the subsistence & ammunition dump of the Federal army during the siege & capture of Atlanta. Wounded from the Atlanta front were sent . . . — Map (db m29944) HM|
|Georgia (Cobb County), Austell — Causey - Maxham House — c. 1840|
|Israel Causey was one of the original pioneer settlers when he moved to Cobb County in 1833. The house, built during the gold rush era, is an example of a frame plain-style dwelling. At one time, his plantation contained more than 1,000 acres with crops of cotton and sugarcane. It included land donated for the building of a nearby church. Briefly during the Civil War, Union soldiers quartered here. After Israel's death, the house was sold to Herbert Maxham in 1887. Generations of the Maxham . . . — Map (db m33332) HM|
|Georgia (Cobb County), Austell — Sweet Water Town Site|
|The surrounding land was once part of Sweet Water Town. Named for a Native American who lived in the area, this Cherokee Village was a trading center that was significant enough to have been referenced on maps as late as 1864. A series of land lotteries in the early 1800s encouraged white settlement and gold prospecting, and contributed to the demise of the village — Map (db m33422) HM|
|Georgia (Cobb County), Kennesaw — Civil War Action Around Latimer's Farm|
|Nineteenth-century farmer Ruben Latimer lived a mile southwest of this spot. He, his wife Sarah, their children and eleven slaves worked a modest self-sufficient farm where they raised livestock and grew cotton, corn and other food crops. In June 1864 their lives were forever changed when Latimer’s farm became a battlefield. General Joseph Johnston’s (CSA) Army constructed a network of earthworks across Latimer’s farm in an attempt to slow the advance of General William Sherman’s (USA) Army . . . — Map (db m17040) HM|
|Georgia (Cobb County), Kennesaw — 033-2 — Due West Community|
|Site of Gilgal Primitive Baptist Church, a log structure and prominent landmark during military operations, June 5-17, 1864, in which church was destroyed. Cleburne’s Div., Confederate, was posted at the ch., the left of Johnston’s line [CS] after the withdrawal of Polk’s corps [CS] from Lost Mtn., June 9. Confronting Cleburne were the 23d A. C. and Butterfield’s (3d) Div., 20th A. C. [US]
Due to pressure on his extended front, Johnston swung Hardee’s Corps [CS] back to the Mud Creek line E. of Sandtown Rd., June 16. — Map (db m17680) HM|
|Georgia (Cobb County), Mableton — 033-65 — The Mable House|
|Ante-bellum res. of Robert Mable (1803-1885). July 3, 1864, Maj. Gen. F.P. Blair's 17th A.C., of McPherson's Army of the Tenn. [US], having marched from Kennesaw Mtn., via Sandtown rd., reached Moss' house (near Floyd Station), 1.2 mi. N. 2 P.M. Gresham's 4th div., 17th A.C., moved with 15th A.C. troops to points S. of the Mitchell house (below Mableton), to threaten river crossings at left-rear of Johnston's Smyrna line [CS]. At dark, Gresham's troops withdrew N. to the Mable plantation, which . . . — Map (db m12054) HM|
|Georgia (Cobb County), Marietta — Cherokee Land Lottery — Oct. 1832 - Apr. 1833|
|In 1803, Georgia established a lottery as the fairest means of distributing land to common farmers. After gold was discovered in 1828 near Dahlonega, the state ignored federal treaties and asserted its claims on the Cherokee territory (including Cobb County). In 1832, it began disbursing these lands in 40-acre gold lots and 160-acre farm lots. Names of eligible white citizens were drawn from one wheel and matched with lot numbers drawn from another. Some of the Cherokees
protested and refused . . . — Map (db m9154) HM|
|Georgia (Cobb County), Marietta — Founder's Lot William Harris|
|Oldest grave is on this plot for Wm. Harris´ son, William Capers G. Harris (1823-1831). Mr. Harris, a wealthy planter, was a devout Methodist and champion of education. In War of 1812 he served in Capt. Jett Thomas´ Co., 2nd, Regt., Ga. Militia. He was Colonel
Cobb Co. Militia 1833-34; helped found 1851 Ga. Military Institute. — Map (db m15202) HM|
|Georgia (Cobb County), Marietta — Gantt House — c. 1880|
|John D. Gantt came to Cobb County in the 1850s with his parents and siblings, and married in 1858. Although the family's farm was destroyed during the Civil War, they rebuilt and continued to acquire land. Years later, the family built this house, which featured 6 rooms, 2 porches and 4 fireplaces. After John's passing in 1903, the property remained in the Gantt family. John's son Jasper eventually became sole owner and in 1922 owned approximately 195 acres. Jasper died in 1937 without heirs. . . . — Map (db m11321) HM|
|Georgia (Cobb County), Marietta — 033-93 — Garrard & Newton Move on Roswell|
|300 ft. W. stood the res. of Wm. Johnston who operated the ferry in the 1850's, where Johnston's Fy. Rd. crosses the Chattahoochee River.
July 5, 1864. Gen. Kenner Garrard's cav. div. [US] enroute from Marietta to Roswell via this rd., camped on Willeo Cr., from which point he sent a regiment S. to burn the Paper Mills on Soap Creek. July 9. Newton's 4th A. C. div. [US], moving from Vining's Station, traversed this road to Roswell to support Garrard's passage of the river at Shallow Ford -- . . . — Map (db m19184) HM|
|Georgia (Cobb County), Marietta — Georgia Military Institute — 1851 – 1864|
|Opened in 1851 on a 110-acre campus, the Institute had a 4-year curriculum modeled after West Point. The cadet lifestyle was strict. Students attended classes all day followed by an hour-long drill, dress parades at sunset and evenings spent studying. Townspeople proudly supported the Institute and attended its functions. Cadets came from at least nine states and graduates included Major General Pierce M. B. Young, CSA. Although increased income from the school’s growth never kept pace with . . . — Map (db m33698) HM|
|Georgia (Cobb County), Marietta — Historic Dickson House — c. 1841|
|Facing demolition, this house was relocated here in 2005 from its original site on the battlefield at Gilgal Church in west Cobb County. On 1864 military maps, it was referred to as the “Dixon House”. The house was damaged by artillery and rifle fire during the battle on June 15, 1864. General Daniel Butterfield’s Federal division fought past this house intending to attack southern defenses at the Due West crossroads. The assault failed due to approaching darkness and Confederate . . . — Map (db m33426) HM|
|Georgia (Cobb County), Marietta — Joseph Emerson Brown Park|
|A four-time Gov. of Ga, Joseph E. Brown (1821-1894) was born in S.C., educated at Yale, and admitted to the Ga. Bar in 1845. "The war governor," he served from 1857-1865. He served in Ga. Supreme Court and three terms in U.S. Senate. He was popular with the public, especially the working class. Son and Mariettan Joseph M. Brown was Governor 1909-1911. — Map (db m14685) HM|
|Georgia (Cobb County), Marietta — 033-109 — Kennesaw House|
|In ante-bellum days, this hotel was a summer resort for planters attracted by the gay social activities of the town. In 1862, J. J. Andrews and his Federal raiders met here to begin the daring Locomotive Chase. Confederate wounded were fed and treated here after many battles, and civilian refugees from overrun Tennessee and Kentucky stayed here, moving south as Federals drew near. July 3, 1864, Sherman had his headquarters in the hotel, while directing pursuit of the Confederates retiring into . . . — Map (db m11469) HM|
|Georgia (Cobb County), Marietta — Marietta Campground|
|The campground was established in 1837 at the recommendation of a Methodist "circuit rider" who traveled to serve many churches. The original 40-acre site was purchased for $40.00 and included the land now occupied by the church and cemetery across the street. The tabernacle was built in 1838 and cabins added later. Although services have been held every year, camping was discontinued for a brief period during and after the Civil War. As members of other churches joined in, meetings became . . . — Map (db m11205) HM|
|Georgia (Cobb County), Marietta — McLeod Vault|
|Built in the style of coastal burial chambers in 1854 by Savannah planter Francis Harris McLeod (1784-1864), an investor in Roswell King´s mills. He was the namesake of his grandfather Francis Harris, first Speaker of 1751 Ga. Colonial Assembly. Six family
memberes were entombed within 1857-1891. King lot was for son-in-law Wm. King. — Map (db m15187) HM|
|Georgia (Cobb County), Marietta — Power-Jackson Cabin — c. 1830|
|This cabin is one of the rare examples of a single-pen (one room) log house remaining in Cobb County. Although a framed addition was added later, the original hand-hewn, squared-and-notched log construction is still visible. William Power originally acquired the house in trade for a shotgun. His daughter Martha Jane and her husband Jeptha C. Jackson moved in shortly after their marriage in the late 1840s. After her husband’s death in 1888, Mrs. Jackson continued to run their farm. She died in . . . — Map (db m33350) HM|
|Georgia (Cobb County), Marietta — 033-90 — Power's Ferry|
|Established 1835 by James Power, (1790-1870).
Maj. Gen. O. O. Howard’s 4th A. C. (Army of the Cumberland) [US], moved from Vining’s station to this vicinity July 9, 10, 1864. Newton’s (2d) div. was diverted to Roswell to support Garrard’s cav. Stanley’s (1st) and Wood’s (3d) camped 3 mi. N. near Soap Creek, July 10. Stanley crossed the Chattahoochee on Schofield’s pontoon bridge at mouth of Soap Cr. and moved S. on the other side to cover Power’s Ferry where Wood crossed on a pontoon bridge . . . — Map (db m16782) HM|
|Georgia (Cobb County), Marietta — Rev. Thomas Milton Allen|
|Prominent minister who was born a slave 1833. He was a charter member of Zion Baptist at its founding in 1866 and its second pastor (1869-1885). In 1885 he organized Cole St. & later Pleasant Grove and Whitlock Avenue Baptist Churches. In 1890 formed first
Asso. for black churches. (As a slave named "Allen" was baptized in 1858.) — Map (db m15191) HM|
|Georgia (Cobb County), Marietta — Slave Lot|
|The only slave burial ground in any major white Georgia cemetery. Here 19 Christian slaves and freed persons of Marietta Christians were buried in unmarked graves ca. 1848-1866. Only four have been positively named, servants of Mrs. Eliza G. Robarts:
Clarissa, Hannah, Nancy & Peggy. They lived adjacent to the north side of the First Presbyterian Church. — Map (db m15188) HM|
|Georgia (Cobb County), Marietta — 033-91 — Soap Creek Paper Mills|
|The original structures which housed the Marietta Paper Mills ~ incorporated in 1859 ~ stood 1/4 mile down stream from Paper Mill Road. The mills manufactured news print, wrapping paper and stationery ~ a pioneer enterprise in this section of the state. July 5, 1864. The mills were burned by a detachment of Gen. Kenner Garrard’s cavalry division while guarding the left flank of Federal forces preparing to cross the Chattahoochee River at the mouth of Soap Creek. Rebuilt after the war, the . . . — Map (db m53527) HM|
|Georgia (Cobb County), Marietta — William Root|
|Beloved merchant, druggist, and Episcopalian, he helped found St. James in 1842; in 1844 he built his home across from the church. His 1845 drug store on the square was a town social center. The Root home, one of the oldest wooden houses, and a good specimen of early town architecture, now stands at N. Marietta Pkwy & Polk St. It is open to the public. — Map (db m17193) HM|
|Georgia (Cobb County), Smyrna — Smyrna Memorial Cemetery|
|Traditional history says this cemetery was established in 1838 by the Smyrna Methodist Church. However, Wylie Flannigan of Campbell County, Ga. took title to Land Lot 522 in which the cemetery is located, on July 1, 1843 after paying Georgia $5.00 for the 40 acre lot distributed in the 1832 Land Lottery. The first marked grave is the one for Elijah Fleming who died April 8, 1848.
The earliest deed found involving this property is one from Hardy Pace to the Methodist Church dated in 1915 . . . — Map (db m17066) HM|
|Georgia (Columbia County), Harlem — 036-1 — Famous Indian Trail|
|For the last 20 miles this highway has followed the course of the noted Upper Trading Path that led from present Augusta to Indian tribes as far away as the Mississippi River. By various connections the trail reached the Cherokees of North Georgia; the Muscogees or Creeks of Eastern Alabama; and the Choctaws and Chickasaws of North Mississippi.
The Oakfuskee Path, main branch of the route led past Warrenton, Griffin, and Greenville to Oakfuskee Town, an early Upper Creek center, on the . . . — Map (db m13815) HM|
|Georgia (Columbia County), Leah — 36-06 — Damascus Baptist Church|
Damascus Baptist Church, organized July 29, 1820, was constituted by Samuel Cartledge and Widner Hilman. First members were Jeremiah Blanchard, James Ramsey, Jeremiah Roberts, Sara Blanchard, Sara Reid, Dilly Swan and Margaret Wilkins. James Ramsey was the first clerk of the church. Jeremiah Blanchard was the first deacon, elected Sept. 9, 1820.
The first pastor, Samuel Cartledge, served from 1820 to 1839. He was the officer who arrested Rev. Daniel Marshall, founder of the Kiokee . . . — Map (db m13816) HM|
|Georgia (Crawford County), Knoxville — Alexis de Tocqueville|
|The 25 year-old French aristocrat and author of Democracy in America visited this area during his 1831-1832 tour of America Placed by C-SPAN and The Cable Television Industry while retracing the tour in 1997-1998 — Map (db m28216) HM|
|Georgia (Crawford County), Knoxville — 039-1 — Crawford County|
|This County created by Acts of the Legislature Dec. 9 & 23, 1822, is named for William H. Crawford, Georgia statesman who was Secretary of the Treasury at the time the County was established. At the County Site, Knoxville, lived Joanna E. Troutman (Mrs. Vinson) who is credited with designing the Lone Star Flag of the Republic of Texas. When a company of Macon Volunteers under Col. William A. Ward marched through on the way to Texas Miss Troutman presented them with a white silk flag bearing a . . . — Map (db m21435) HM|
|Georgia (Crawford County), Knoxville — 22 K-4 — Federal Wire Road|
|This highway, created by an act of Congress in 1810, entered the state at Augusta passing through Warrenton, Sparta, Milledgeville, Macon and Knoxville to Coweta Town (Columbus). It was formerly known as the Stage Coach Road. A telegraph line, the first that connected New Orleans with Washington, D.C., was erected in 1848. The wires paralleled this road between Columbus and Macon, giving to this section of the old highway the name of “The Federal Wire Road.” This telegraph line was . . . — Map (db m17702) HM|
|Georgia (Crawford County), Knoxville — Joanna Troutman|
|On this site in 1835 Joanna Troutman gave to a company of Georgia soldiers on their way to fight for the independence of Texas, a “Lone Star” flag, which she had made and which was later adopted as the Texas emblem. — Map (db m28024) HM|
|Georgia (Crawford County), Knoxville — William Bartram Trail — Traced 1773-1777 — Deep South Region|
|In July 1774 William Bartram camped nearby at “a beautiful large brook”, Sweet Water, on a trek from Augusta to Cusetta. — Map (db m12266) HM|
|Georgia (Crawford County), Roberta — William Bartram Trail — Traced 1773-1777 — Deep South Region|
|In 1774 William Bartram passed through what is now Roberta, after camping at Sweetwater and finding a new hydrangea. — Map (db m12265) HM|
|Georgia (Crawford County), Sandy Point — William Bartram Trail — Traced 1773-1777 — Deep South Region|
|In July 1774 William Bartram entered Crawford County here, site of Marshall's Mill, going on to Knoxville, Roberta, and Cusetta. — Map (db m59559) HM|
|Georgia (Dawson County), Dawsonville — 042-1 — Dawson County|
|This County, created by Act of the Legislature Dec. 3, 1857, is named for William C. Dawson who died in 1856, having served in Congress from Dec. 1836 to Nov. 1842, and in the U.S. Senate from 1849 to 1855. He also commanded a brigade in the Creek Indian War of 1836. Among the first County Officers were: Sheriff Samuel R. Fendley, Ordinary Henry K. Mikel, Clerk of Superior Court Daniel P. Monroe, Clerk of Inferior Court John Matthews, Tax Receiver David H. Logan, Tax Collector John Bruce, . . . — Map (db m33546) HM|
|Georgia (Decatur County), Faceville — Ira Sanborn|
|Decatur County’s first industrialist was Ira Sanborn, a native of Concord, New Hampshire. Born in 1799, Sanborn came to Apalachicola, Florida about 1830 and later resettled in Quincy, Florida where he married Susan Woodson. In 1833 they moved to Decatur County and settled on Attapulgus Creek. Using waterpower he operated a gristmill, sawmill, tanning, cigar and shoe factories. In 1856 he opened Estahatchee Mills which made a cotton and wool fabric called kersey. Sanborn died on a business trip . . . — Map (db m55924) HM|
|Georgia (DeKalb County), Atlanta — 044-84 — Alpha Delta Pi — Memorial Headquarters|
|Alpha Delta Pi Sorority was founded May 15, 1851 at Wesleyan College in Macon, Georgia, as the first secret society in the world for college women, and thus became the mother of the social sorority system. Wesleyan Collage was the first educational institution to grant an academic degree to a woman. Alpha Delta Pi Sorority now maintains chapters in leading colleges and universities throughout the United States and Canada. Memorial Headquarters building was dedicated in memory of the Sorority’s . . . — Map (db m28962) HM|
|Georgia (DeKalb County), Atlanta — 044-70 — Oglethorpe University|
|Chartered in 1835 by Georgia Presbyterians near Milledgeville, Oglethorpe University was the first denominational college established in the Deep South.
It perished during the Civil War and was briefly revived from 1870 to 1872 in Atlanta. Thornwell Jacobs refounded the University as a private, non-sectarian liberal arts college at the present site in 1915. Land on Peachtree Road was donated by Realtor C.H. Ashford. By 1929 Oglethorpe had acquired about 600 acres, including nearby Silver Lake, . . . — Map (db m14291) HM|
|Georgia (DeKalb County), Atlanta — 044-7 — Old Cross Keys|
|Ante-bellum crossroads settlement & Post Office; James Reeve (1792 - 1852) Post Master & merchant. Prior to 1864 the Post Office was removed to a point between Chamblee & Doraville where, name unchanged, it was known as Cross Keys Post Office. To distinguish the one from the other, this place was called Old Cross Keys & was thus cited in Federal dispatches, maps & reports of military operations here in 1864. At this point, a brief contact was made between the marching columns of Dodge´s 16th . . . — Map (db m14052) HM|
|Georgia (DeKalb County), Atlanta — 044-18 — Site: Henderson’s Mill|
|Some 300 ft N.W. stood the ante and post bellum grist mill owned and operated by Greenville Henderson (1792-1869) and his son Rufus (1823-1872). The flat, left and rt. of this road was the mill pond area; the mill was demolished, 1911.
During the march of the Federal Army of the Tenn. from Roswell to Decatur, Logan’s 15th A.C. detoured from Shallow Ford Rd. at Rainey’s and moved to Browning’s Court House (TUCKER) to support Garrard’s foray on the Georgia R.R.
For strategic . . . — Map (db m29122) HM|
|Georgia (DeKalb County), Decatur — 044-24 — Site: J. Oliver Powell House Sherman's H'dq'rs|
|West of this point 75ft., was the ante-bellum residence of James Oliver Powell (1826-1873), Sherman's headquarters, July 19, 1864.
Sherman traveled with Schofield's 23d A.C. from the Chattahoochee River as Power's Fy. July 17 & arrived here July 19.
The house was used as a temporary hospital while the 23d A.C. was in this vicinity. Cox's (3d) div. moved to the Paden plantation (Emory University); Hascall's (2d) div., together with Dodge's 16th A.C. occupied Decatur after a conflict with . . . — Map (db m13996) HM|
|Georgia (DeKalb County), Decatur — 044-30 — The Swanton House|
|Ante-bellum residence of Benjamin F. Swanton; once the property of Ammi Williams, a DeKalb County pioneer. Built prior to 1842.
In 1864 the Swanton family was in residence here when the Federal Army of the Tennessee occupied Decatur. This force consisted of the 15th, 16th & 17th Corps, commanded by Gen. J.B. McPherson, which had crossed the Chattahoochee at Roswell. Enroute to Atlanta they camped at Decatur, night of July 19.
Brig. Gen. Thomas W. Sweeny, comdg. 2d div. of Dodge's 16th . . . — Map (db m9364) HM|
|Georgia (Echols County), Statenville — 050-1 — Echols County|
|This County, created by Act of the Legislature Dec. 13, 1858, is named for Col. Robert M. Echols, for 24 years a member of the General Assembly. He was a President of the Georgia Senate and a Brigadier General in the Mexican War during which he died. Among the first County Officers were: Sheriff James S. Carter, Ordinary James P.Y. Higdon, Clerk of Superior & Inferior Courts Jesse P. Prescott, Tax Receiver John E. McMullen, Tax collector Samuel E. Prescott, Treasurer James Carter, Surveyor Duncan McLeon and Coroner John Sellers. — Map (db m27038) HM|
|Georgia (Echols County), Statenville — 050-3 — Skirmish at Cow Creek|
|Near here, on August 27, 1836, Georgia Militia companies commanded by Col. Henry Blair, Captain Lindsay and Capt. Levi J. Knight, fought a skirmish with Creek Indians and routed them, killing two and taking several prisoners. During this summer the Indians had committed many raids and massacres as they traversed the border counties on their way to Florida to join the Seminoles. Georgia troops had been following them for weeks, and overtook this band in the cypress swamp on the edge of Cow Creek. — Map (db m27036) HM|
|Georgia (Echols County), Statenville — 050-2 — Wayfare or Cow Creek Church — ← 200 yd.|
|About 200 yards West, on this Road, is Wayfare or Cow Creek Baptist Church. The church was constituted in 1847, and the first annual meeting was held in September of that year. The members were: John Roberts, Sr., Edmund Mathis, Unity Mathis, Harvey Mizell, Rebecca Mizell, John T. Roberts, John Mathis, James Johnson, Simon A. Blackman, Azilpha Tomlinson, Harvey Matthews, Elizabeth Register and Rachael Howell.
Because of the changes in County boundaries, this church, though never moved, . . . — Map (db m27037) HM|