|Australia, New South Wales, Lithgow — The Great Zig Zag — Lithgow|
|A railway zig zag is a series of reversing ramps used to avoid very steep grades. John Whitton, Engineer in Chief NSW Government Railways 1856-90, chose this as the economical method for the descent from Clarence to Lithgow. Built during 1866-69 by contractor Patrick Higgins, it involved massive rock excavations, a tunnel and three stone arch viaducts. During its 41 years of operation it accelerated the development of western New South Wales and achieved world renown as a major engineering work. — Map (db m59808) HM|
|Brazil, Rio de Janeiro — Christ the Redeemer Monument — Corcovado Train — Cristo Retender|
Uma história de fé
A history of faith
[Text in Portuguese: ...]
De braços abertos sobre a cidade, abençoando-a, o monumento ao Cristo Redentor, foi inaugurado em 12 outubro de 1931 pelo Presidente Getúlio Vargas e o Cardeal Sebastião Leme.
Construido de concreto armado e revestido de pequenos triangulares de pedra-sabão, todas as suas peças foram transportadas ao alto pelo Trem do Corcovado. A obra executada no pico do Morro do Corcovado é equivalente a um . . . — Map (db m31815) HM|
|British Columbia (Columbia Shuswap Regional District), Field — Kicking Horse Pass — Le Col du Cheval-Qui-Rue|
|First recorded in the report of the Palliser expedition of 1857-60, this pass takes its name from an incident in which Dr. James Hector, surgeon in the expedition, was kicked by his horse while exploring in this vicinity. The pass was virtually unused until after 1881 when the Canadian Pacific Railway decided to adopt it as their new route through the Rockies, foregoing the earlier preference for the more northerly Yellowhead Pass. This decision altered the location of the line across western . . . — Map (db m9202) HM|
|British Columbia (Columbia-Shuswap Regional District), Field — Baldwin #7717 Steam Locomotive|
Baldwin #7717 Steam Locomotive
This Baldwin 2-6-0 mogul steam engine – builders #7717 – road #6 – 36" gauge locomotive, was built for the North Western Coal & Navigation Co. in 1885. It was originally used to carry bituminous coal on a narrow gauge railway, which connected the C.P.R. mainline with the coal mines near Lethbridge. In 1893 this railway track was converted to standard gauge, causing a surplus of these narrow gauge engines. This engine was . . . — Map (db m44339) HM|
|British Columbia (Greater Vancouver Regional District), North Vancouver — Pacific Great Eastern Railway Station — Protected Heritage Building - 1913|
|The Pacific Great Eastern Railway Station was built to service a rail link between North Vancouver westward along Howe Sound to the interior of the province. The foot of Lonsdale became a busy transportation hub in the early days of the community as the meeting place for the railway, the ferry to Vancouver, and streetcars from Upper Lonsdale, Lynn Valley, and Capsilano.
Delay in completing the railway line up Howe Sound, and a decision to redirect the line under Esplanade towards the . . . — Map (db m31979) HM|
|British Columbia (Greater Vancouver Regional District), Vancouver — Here Stood Hamilton|
| Here stood
First Land Commissioner
Canadian Pacific Railway
in the silent solitude
of the primeval forest
He drove a wooden stake
in the earth and commenced
to measure an empty land
into the streets of
Vancouver — Map (db m40645) HM|
|Ontario (Greenville County), Prescott — Grand Trunk Railway — Prescott|
|The Grand Trunk was incorporated in 1853 to run from Sarnia to Portland, Maine. Although it took over existing lines, new ones had to be built, including sections of the key Toronto to Montréal line completed by the noted English engineering firm of Peto, Brassey, Jackson and Betts in 1856. The Prescott station, built about 1855, is a typical example of the smaller stations erected by this firm for the Grand Trunk Railway. Influenced by English designs, the station is an enduring monument to early Canadian railway enterprise. — Map (db m45781) HM|
|Ontario (Middlesex County), London — The Founding of London|
|In 1793, here on the River Thames, Lieutenant-Governor John Graves Simcoe selected a site for the capital of Upper Canada. York, however, became the seat of government and the townsite of London lay undeveloped until its selection in 1826 as the judicial and administrative centre of the London District. A court-house and gaol (1829) and homes for the government officials were built, stores and hotels were opened, and by 1834 the community contained over 1100 inhabitants. A British garrison . . . — Map (db m18971) HM|
|Ontario (Niagara Municipality), Niagara Falls — Zimmerman Fountain Pond|
|This beautiful fountain takes its name from Samuel Zimmerman who came to Canada from Pennsylvania in 1842. He amassed a fortune through a series of lucrative contracts involving the building of the second Welland Canal and various Railway Lines, allowing him to begin construction of a large estate in what is now Queen Victoria Park. The estate was unfinished when he was killed in a railway accident in March of 1857. This fountain pond, which dates back to 1856, is the last remaining remnant of his estate. — Map (db m59372) HM|
|Ontario (The Regional Municipality of Niagara), Niagara-on-the-Lake — Locomotive Turntable|
|For 103 years, beginning in 1854, a train powered by a steam locomotive pulled into the Niagara Dock. At first it only came from Chippawa via Niagara Falls and Queenston but by 1863 the line had been extended as far as Fort Erie and Buffalo. The train met the steamers which arrived from Toronto carrying tourists going to the Falls and soldiers bound for Camp Niagara. In late summer these ships returned to Toronto filled with baskets of peaches brought to the dock by the train. Riverbeach Drive . . . — Map (db m54079) HM|
|Quebec, Quebec City — Le Château Frontenac — Vieux-Québec|
| Construit en sept étapes à partir de 1892-1893, cet édifice offre un excellet exemple des hotels de style Chateau etablis par les companies ferroviaires au Canada. Rehaussé par la splendeur du site, il évoque la romantisme des château de la Loir des XIV et XV siècles. Bruce Price, qui en a conçu le plan, a toutefois délaissé la symétrie classique de ces modèles au profit de l’eclectisme pittoresque en vogue à la fin du XIX siècle. Les interventions subséquentes des architects Painter et . . . — Map (db m49718) HM|
|Quebec, Saint-Jean-sur-Richelieu — First Railway in Canada|
|Canada's first steam railway, the Champlain and St. Lawrence, was opened in 1836 to better facilitate trade with the United States. It was built by promoters led by brewer John Molson and merchant-forwarder Jason C. Pierce. This 23-kilometre line expedited the movement of passengers and freight between Montréal and New York by linking La Prairie, on the St. Lawrence River and Saint-Jean-sur-Richelieu. The wooden rails were replaced with iron in 1847, and the line was extended in 1851 to Rouses . . . — Map (db m43636) HM|
|Quebec, Saint-Jean-sur-Richelieu — Former Grand Trunk Railway Station|
|The Saint-Jean station, built in 1890, symbolizes the presence of the Grand Trunk Railway in Québec before its amalgamation in 1923 with the Canadian National Railways. The Grand Trunk was incorporated in 1853 to provide service through the Province of Canada to the East Coast. It was created by combining new construction with existing lines, and eventually stretched from Sarnia, Ontario, to Portland, Maine. The design, typical of small stations of the period, is characterized by a hipped roof, . . . — Map (db m43637) HM|
|Quebec (Acton), Acton Vale — Acton Vale Station|
|The design of this building is based on a standard plan used by the Grand Trunk Railway Company to build several stations between 1895 and 1905 on the line connecting Montreal to Portland, Maine. This plan features a variety of structural shapes, including a high-pitched dormer window, a turret with multipaned windows, and a bellcast roof, which together produce a strikingly pituresque effect. Formed in 1853, the Grand Trunk Company became part of the Canadian National after the latter was created in 1919. — Map (db m46726) HM|
|Yukon Territory, Carcross — White Pass & Yukon Route — “The Golden Spike”|
|Construction of the White Pass & Yukon Railway began on May 27, 1898 at Skagway, Alaska during the height of the great Klondike Gold Rush.|
Undaunted by those who said the railway could not be built a small group of devoted White Passers composed of contractor Michael J. Heney, chief engineer “F.C.” Hawkins, assistant chief engineer John Hislop and the railway’s first president Samuel H. Graves pushed the work to completion. After overcoming almost insurmountable construction . . . — Map (db m49366) HM
|Yukon Territory, Carcross — White Pass & Yukon Route — Golden Spike Centennial|
|The golden spike was driven to mark the completion of the White Pass & Yukon Route Railway on July 29, 1900. It was the beginning of a fully integrated rail transportation system – which grew to include lakes & river steamboats, stage lines, aircraft, bus lines, trucks and container ships.|
One hundred years later – on July 29, 2000 a new ceremonial spike was driven to honor the courage and dedication that built the first northern railway and to pledge a commitment to a second century of service. — Map (db m49369) HM
|Yukon Territory, Whitehorse — White Pass and Yukon Route Railway — Le Chemin de Fer White Pass et Yukon|
Built at the time of the Klondike Gold Rush, the 177 km narrow gauge railway was the heart of the Yukon transportation system for over 80 years. Completed in 1900, it linked the tidewater port of Skagway in Alaska with Whitehorse, head of navigation on the Yukon River. As a result, Whitehorse became the transportation, and later, the administrative, commercial and population centre of the Yukon. The scenic line stopped operating in 1982 but was subsequently revived as a . . . — Map (db m42863) HM|
|Philippines, Cavite Province, Corregidor Island — Malinta Tunnel|
| Begun in 1922 and substantially completed in 1932, the tunnel complex consisted of east-west passage measuring 836 ft. long by 24 ft. wide 13 laterals on its north side and 11 laterals on the south side. Reinforced with concrete walls. Floor and overhead arches with blowers to furnish fresh air and a double-track electric car line along the main tunnel, Malinta provided bombproof shelter for the 1000 bed hospital, MacArthur’s USAFFE headquarters, shops and vast labyrinth storehouse during the . . . — Map (db m63648) HM WM|
|Alabama (Baldwin County), Foley — City of Foley|
|The City of Foley was founded in 1905 by John B. Foley of Chicago. Mr. foley, who was in the pharmaceutical business, heard about this area from a railroad land agent as they traveled to President William McKinley's funeral in 1901. Mr. Foley came to Alabama the following year and purchased thousands of acres of land. He formed the Magnolia Land Company and began selling acreage to those in Chicago who wanted to move south and take advantage of the rich farmland. The Bay Minette-Fort Morgan . . . — Map (db m50408) HM|
|Alabama (Barbour County), Eufaula — Central Railroad of Georgia Freight Depot|
|The Southwestern Railroad of Georgia was the first rail line to connect with Eufaula when the railroad bridge between Georgetown, Georgia and Eufaula was completed in late 1865. In 1867 the Vicksburg & Brunswick Railroad Company was formed to build a line from Eufaula to Meridian, Mississippi. Vicksburg & Brunswick Railroad passenger and freight depot opened in 1872, and that same year, the line was leased by the Southwestern Railroad of Georgia. In 1879 the line was purchased by Central . . . — Map (db m48624) HM|
|Alabama (Blount County), Oneonta — Historic Oneonta L & N Railroad Depot|
|Starting in 1889, the Louisville and Nashville Railroad, also known as the Birmingham Mineral Railroad, began railroad freight and passenger
service to Oneonta with the completion of the rail line from Boyles Railroad Yard near Birmingham to the Champion Iron Ore Mines. By 1905, the railroad through Oneonta ran to Attalla and Gadsden to the
northeast, connecting with the Alabama Mineral Division of the Louisville and Nashville Railroad. Originally the L&N provided passenger and freight . . . — Map (db m38894) HM|
|Alabama (Calhoun County), Jacksonville — Chief Ladiga Trail - Jacksonville|
|The Chief Ladiga Trail was named for a Creek Indian leader who signed the Cusseta Treaty in 1832. Under the terms of that agreement, the Creeks gave up claim to their remaining lands in northeast Alabama. Because he had signed the treaty, Ladiga was allowed to select some land in Benton County for his wife and himself. A year after the treaty, he sold part of his holdings for $2,000 to a group of speculators headed by Charles White Peters. That land later became Jacksonville. After selling the . . . — Map (db m36438) HM|
|Alabama (Calhoun County), Jacksonville — The Depot — Chief Ladiga Trail|
|The Depot was constructed in 1860 by the Selma, Rome and Dalton (GA) Railroad. It was used as a transfer and storage point for Confederate troops and materials during the War Between the States. — Map (db m36443) HM|
|Alabama (Calhoun County), Piedmont — The Alabama Tennessee River Railroad|
|The Alabama Tennessee River Railroad was chartered by the Alabama legislature in the session of 1836-1837. Work was begun at Selma in 1851 and the rails reached Blue Mountain in 1861. Work was terminated during the War Between the States.
In 1867 a contract was let to complete the road to Dalton, Georgia. Three corporations merged to form the Selma, Rome and Dalton Railroad, which reached Dalton in 1869.
On June 20, 1868, the first train arrived in Cross Plains from Jacksonville. . . . — Map (db m27995) HM|
|Alabama (Coffee County), Enterprise — Enterprise Depot|
|This building was built in 1903 with additions in 1916 and 1997. The first freight shipments and passengers came here on the Alabama Midland railroad in 1898 immediately after construction of the roadbed. That was also the year when most of the brick business buildings downtown were completed. By 1903 a depot was needed as the transportation focus of this town. Along with the new Rawls Hotel, the depot became a gathering place for our citizens. In 1974 the Pea River Historical Society purchased the depot and began operating the Depot Museum. — Map (db m30307) HM|
|Alabama (Colbert County), Sheffield — History of Sheffield|
| Side A Prehistoric man arrived in this area bout 10,000 years ago.
Later Indian cultures left many stone artifacts and pottery vessels.
In the 1780s, a French trading post and Indian village were located near the mouth of Spring Creek. The town of York Bluff was laid out in 1820 and Andrew Jackson brought land for a plantation. A few houses and store were built but that "town" dwindled away. In 1832, the first railroad in the state terminated at Tuscumbia Landing near Spring Creek. . . . — Map (db m35624) HM|
|Alabama (Colbert County), Sheffield — Old Railroad Bed|
| Side A Ashe Boulevard was built on the early railroad bed which connected Florence and Southport to the main railroad line in Tuscumbia. Trains first traveled along the railroad bed and across the Tennessee River in 1858 after the Memphis and Charleston Railroads replaced the old Florence Bridge with a double-decked bridge. The upper deck was used for trains to transport passengers and freight. The lower deck was open to the public as a toll road. Large warehouses once lined both sides . . . — Map (db m39237) HM|
|Alabama (Colbert County), Tuscumbia — Colbert County Courthouse Square District|
22 structures, first Northwest Alabama historic district placed on National Register of Historic Places (1973): Courthouse, erected 1881, shows Italianate and Greek Revival influences. Fifth Street, Commercial Row, seven adjoining brick structures (late 1840's) housed commission merchants and later "The North Alabamian" Railroad Depot (1888,
Tuscumbia Railroad chartered 1830); four churches (Baptist, Episcopal, Methodist, Presbyterian); and eight homes of prominent early citizens ~ some of . . . — Map (db m28584) HM|
|Alabama (Colbert County), Tuscumbia — History of Tuscumbia, Alabama|
|The area around the Big Spring was inhabited by prehistoric Native Americans as early as 10,000 years ago. The first settlement was a French trading post and Indian village about 1780 on Cold Water Creek (Spring Creek) near the river. The first permanent white settlers were Michael Dickson and family, who arrived by keel boat about 1817, followed shortly by four brothers-in-law, Isaiah McDill, James McMann, Hugh Finley and David Matthews. Jackson's Military Road was constructed through . . . — Map (db m35414) HM|
|Alabama (Colbert County), Tuscumbia — Tuscumbia Railway|
west of Alleghenies
1832 ~ begun here; completed to Decatur, 45 miles east, in 1834.
Cotton shipped by this line around nearby Muscle Shoals, then by boat down Tennessee ~ Mississippi R to world markets.
1851 ~ expanded to Memphis ~ Charleston RR.
A vital line in Civil War, it changed hands several times.
1898 ~ became part of Southern Railways. — Map (db m28413) HM|
|Alabama (Covington County), Opp — The Depot / Opp, Alabama|
| The Depot In 1900, the L&N Railroad won the right to establish the railroad through this area. The town is named for Henry Opp, who represented L&N in successful legal negotiations. The coming of the railroad consolidated the surrounding areas and brought people and businesses from Poley, Opine, Cool Springs and other nearby areas. The first depot was a railcar parked on a sidetrack. As the town developed, a wooden building was constructed. The present structure was constructed in 1928 . . . — Map (db m39777) HM|
|Alabama (Covington County), River Falls — The Horseshoe Lumber Company / River Falls Power Company|
The Horseshoe Lumber Company
E.L. More, president of the A&F Division of the L&N Railroad, arrived in River Falls from Nashville in 1897 to spearhead the construction of a branch line of the L&N. Recognizing a business opportunity in the large quantity of virgin longleaf pine timberland in the area, he purchased a half-interest in a small mill located on Buck Creek near River Falls. He was encouraged by his long-time friend and mentor Major E.C. Lewis, president of . . . — Map (db m42547) HM|
|Alabama (Cullman County), Cullman — Cullman Railroad Depot|
|The Louisville and Nashville Railroad Company completed building this Mission Style depot in 1913. When the tracks were laid below ground level, it replaced Cullman's first station located on First Avenue at Third Street, SW.
Passenger service was discontinued in 1968. This building then was used by CSX section crews until it was purchased by the City of Cullman, March 23, 1990.
Restoration began in February, 1991, funded by donations from Cullman County Historical Society, citizens of . . . — Map (db m29975) HM|
|Alabama (Cullman County), Cullman — Evangelical Protestant Church|
|The first church in the City of Cullman was established on this block of land donated by the North and South Railroad in February 1874. Lots 154, 155, and 181 were granted to Henry Dietz, August Henning, and George Stoback as trustees of the Evangelical Protestant Church for the sole purpose of constructing a church building. Col. John Cullman, land agent, was a charter member of the church. The church building was made into a dwelling house after the congregation moved to a new location, 512 . . . — Map (db m33841) HM|
|Alabama (Dallas County), Cahaba — Civil War Prison|
|In 1858, the railroad company graded away an Indian mound that stood here. A brick warehouse was built in its place. From 1863 - 1865 the Confederate government used this warehouse to hold captured Federal Soldiers. You are standing on a pile of brick rubble from this structure.
This official 1864 diagram helped archaeologists identify the actual prison site. Carefully excavated clues revealed that a proposed extension to the stockade was actually built.
If you follow the brick rubble . . . — Map (db m22666) HM|
|Alabama (Dallas County), Cahaba — Commissary - R.R. Depot|
|This cellar was under Joseph Babcock's brick store. During the Civil War the building was used as a commissary.
Babcock's warehouse and cotton shed were located to your right on the bluff overlooking the river. The family home, kitchen, and garden stood between this store and the warehouse.
In 1860 the Babcock family sold the land between this sign and Capitol Street to the Cahawba, Marion and Greensboro Railroad Company for a train depot. Railroad tracks had been laid directly down Capitol Street in 1858. — Map (db m23287) HM|
|Alabama (Dallas County), Selma — Arsenal Anvil|
|Anvil used in Selma’s Confederate Arsenal to make armament for Southern forces.
Presented to Sturdivant Museum Association April 1, 1961 by the Southern Railway Company which as the Selma, Rome and Dalton Railroad Company purchased the anvil among scrap disposed of at the arsenal, in 1866. The anvil was in use in the railroad blacksmith shop until 1936. — Map (db m37690) HM|
|Alabama (DeKalb County), Fort Payne — Boom Town Historic District|
|Around 1889-1891 Fort Payne experienced a great industrial boom due to promotion by New England investors who speculated greatly on the area’s mineral deposits. During this period several highly ornate commercial and civic buildings, along with the planned park, were constructed along Gault Avenue. The Fort Payne Opera House and other buildings in the same block constructed by the Fort Payne Coal & Iron Co., together with the Sawyer Building, the Alabama Great Southern Railroad Depot & Union . . . — Map (db m28027) HM|
|Alabama (Escambia County), Brewton — Hart Station|
|Erected by his friends and the Escambia County Bar
Association in memory of James Edward Hart, Jr.
(1942 – 1992), who contributed much to his community, his church and his profession. He loved trains. Due to his efforts, passenger service was reestablished in Brewton. — Map (db m39033) HM|
|Alabama (Escambia County), Flomaton — Flomaton, Alabama|
| Front As railroads were reconstructed following the Civil War, a junction of north-south and east-west lines was established along the Alabama-Florida border near the confluence of Big Escambia Creek and the Conecuh-Escambia River. A settlement followed which became knows as Reuterville, for Major Reuter, the contractor who on April 9, 1872, drove the last spikes joining the different railroads. The community was also known as Pensacola Junction, or simply the Junction, as well as . . . — Map (db m47484) HM|
|Alabama (Etowah County), Attalla — “The Junction” — Attalla|
|For thousands of years, two important Indian trade routes ran across what was to become Etowah County. The “High Town Path” ran from Charlestown, S.C. west to the Mississippi River, near Memphis, TN. The “Creek Path” begins at Pensacola, Fl. and runs northwest into the Ohio Country.
Two miles west of this spot, on Big Wills Creek, the two routes formed a “Junction,” and became a combined path across Racoon (Sand) Mountain, where it again divided.
By . . . — Map (db m39226) HM|
|Alabama (Henry County), Abbeville — Abbeville Southern Railroad/Pelham House|
|For the first 75 years of its history, Abbeville’s commerce was tied directly to the Chattahoochee River by Indian trails and wagon roads. The arrival of the first train on the Abbeville Southern Railroad, November 27, 1893, signaled the dawn of a new era in Abbeville’s commercial life. In the December 1, 1893 issue of the Abbeville Times, the editor described the arrival which was received by “hundreds of people with happy and throbbing hearts.” Railroad workers were treated to a . . . — Map (db m60685) HM|
|Alabama (Jackson County), Bridgeport — Bridgeport|
| Vital Memphis-Charleston Railroad, "backbone of Confederacy", spanned Tennessee River here. Bridge burned several times, 1862-3.
Gen. Mitchell (US), occupying Huntsville after Battle of Shiloh, seized Bridgeport in April 1862 and held it until August.
Federals recaptured town in July 1863 as Rosecrans (US) took Chattanooga (up river).
As end of usable railway from Nashville, town became key base of operations in U.S. victory at Chickamauga and lifting siege of Chattanooga. — Map (db m12283) HM|
|Alabama (Jackson County), Scottsboro — Robert Thomas Scott — 1800-1863|
|Planter, tavern operator, newspaper editor, legislator, and land developer, he sought in vain to have the Jackson County seat moved from Bellefont to the settlement that bore his name. After his death in 1863, his widow reached an agreement in 1868 with the county government whereby the site for the courthouse and jail was deeded to Jackson County on condition that Scottsboro become the county seat.
Incorporated by the state legislature on January 20, 1870, the town became an important . . . — Map (db m22260) HM|
|Alabama (Jackson County), Scottsboro — Scottsboro Railroad Depot|
|The Memphis and Charleston Railroad Company constructed the Scottsboro Railroad Depot in 1860-1861 as a passenger and freight facility. The rail line ran throughout the Confederacy and the Union considered its capture vital to cutting off supplies to the south. On January 8, 1865, the Depot was the site of an intense battle between 101st U.S. Colored Infantry and the 110th U.S. Colored Infantry, who held the Depot, and Confederate soldiers led by Brigadier-General H. B. Lyon. The out-numbered . . . — Map (db m22258) HM|
|Alabama (Jackson County), Stevenson — Stevenson Depot and Hotel|
|A one-story depot building was constructed here in 1853, when the railroad was first laid through Stevenson. That building burned after the Civil War and was replaced by the present brick depot and hotel in 1872.
During the Civil War, Stevenson was a hub of activity. Union and Confederate troops skirmished here and the town changed hands more than once, though Stevenson mostly lay under Union control. Troops occupied the town and a large refugee camp sprang up between the depot and Ft. . . . — Map (db m22271) HM|
|Alabama (Jefferson County), Birmingham — East Lake Community|
|The Creek Indian Cession of 1814 opened this section of Alabama to settlement. At the time of statehood in 1819 many pioneer families had located here in what later became known as Jones Valley. By 1820 the area was called Ruhama Valley as a result of the religious fervor of Hosea Holcomb who preached mercy or "Ruhamah." As early as 1839 a post office named Rockville was established for the local community.
Major growth came in 1886 as a result of the promotion of the East Lake Land . . . — Map (db m26680) HM|
|Alabama (Jefferson County), Birmingham — East Lake Park|
|East Lake was planned in 1886 by the East Lake Land Company to help sell home sites to the men who came in the 1870's to work in Birmingham's steel industry. First named Lake Como, after the lake in the Italian Alps, it soon came to be called East Lake. Using water from Roebuck Springs and Village Creek this 45 acre man - made lake, within a 100 acre park, enhanced the area by providing a year round pleasure resort.
In a short time East Lake Park became a major recreational center of the . . . — Map (db m26678) HM|
|Alabama (Jefferson County), Birmingham — Five Points South|
|This neighborhoods developed in the 1880s as one of Birmingham's first streetcar suburbs. It was the Town of Highlands from 1887 to 1893, when it became part of the City of Birmingham. The heart of the neighborhood was Five Points Circle, a major streetcar intersection lined with houses and small stores. In the 1920s, the Circle was transformed into one of the state's most distinctive shopping areas, known for its outstanding collection of Spanish Revival and Art Deco buildings. Nearby houses, . . . — Map (db m26965) HM|
|Alabama (Jefferson County), Birmingham — Morris Avenue Historic District / Elyton Land Company (Successor, Birmingham Realty Co.)|
|Created 1972 by the Jefferson County Historical Commission, the district is based on this avenue. Morris Avenue was named for one of the founders of Birmingham, Josiah Morris, who paid $100,000 for 4,157 acres of the original site of the city in 1870. At the suggestion of Mr. Morris the city was named for England's industrial district. This avenue was the principal wholesale trade district of the city and enjoyed it's greatest popularity from 1880 to 1900. Some of the city's most prominent . . . — Map (db m27156) HM|
|Alabama (Jefferson County), Birmingham — North Birmingham|
|On October 1, 1886, the North Birmingham Land Company was formed to develop a planned industrial and residential town on 900 acres of land, formerly part of the Alfred Nathaniel Hawkins plantation north of Village Creek. The plan included sites for houses, parks, businesses and manufacturing plants, and a streetcar line to downtown Birmingham. The community was incorporated in 1902 with a population of 5,000, and annexed by legislative act, into the City of Birmingham, under protest, in 1910. . . . — Map (db m26700) HM|
|Alabama (Jefferson County), Birmingham — Sloss Furnaces|
|The crossing of railroads in 1872 adjacent to this site gave rise to the industrial city of Birmingham. In 1881 Alabama railroad magnate and entrepreneur James Withers Sloss, capitalizing on the unusual coincidence of coal, iron ore and limestone in the area, founded the Sloss Furnace Company as an iron manufacturer and built blast furnaces beside the railroad crossing. Production of pig iron at Sloss Furnaces began in 1882 and continued for almost 90 years. Early 20th century additions to the . . . — Map (db m23498) HM|
|Alabama (Jefferson County), Birmingham — The Coe House — 1908|
|John Valentine Coe, president of Birmingham Lumber and Coal Company, commissioned this two-story Craftsman-Tudor Revival style house in 1908. Coe, who had previously been a lumber merchant in Selma, moved his family and business to Birmingham at the turn of the 20th century. As the business thrived, he built this house in the Rhodes Park area of the Highland Park neighborhood. At the time, Highland Park's gracious homes and trolley network made it one of Alabama's most exclusive residential . . . — Map (db m27356) HM|
|Alabama (Jefferson County), Birmingham — Tuxedo Junction|
|"Tuxedo Junction" was the street car crossing on the Ensley-Fairfield line at this corner in the Tuxedo Park residential area. It also refers to the fraternal dance hall operated in the 1920's and 1930s on the second floor of the adjacent building, and to the 1939 hit song "Tuxedo Junction", written by Birmingham musician-composer Erskine Hawkins, who grew up nearby and became a well known big band leader in New York City.
"Co-ome on down, forget your care,
Co-ome on . . . — Map (db m25623) HM|
|Alabama (Jefferson County), Homewood — Edgewood|
|Nathan Byars, II settled here in 1836, followed by William D. Satterwhite in 1853, and Phillip Thomas Griffin and his wife Mary Ann Byars Griffin in 1854. These early settlers cleared land, built homes and farmed in what was a vast wooded wilderness.
By 1909 real estate developers Stephen Smith and Troupe Brazelton incorporated the Edgewood Highlands Land Company and purchased 1700 acres on which to build their dream. The development would include Edgewood Country Club, also known as the . . . — Map (db m26946) HM|
|Alabama (Jefferson County), Hoover — Brock’s Gap / Historic Gateway To Birmingham — The South and North Railroad Cut.|
|In 1858, the State of Alabama, wanting to develop coal and iron industries in Jefferson County, Had John T. Milner survey Shades Mountain for the most practical route for the South and North Railroad to cross. He selected Brock's Gap, named for original land purchaser, Pinkney L. Brock. Work began immediately. The cut, now passing under South Shades Crest Road, was blasted by nitroglycerin through a bed of limestone 75 feet deep and was heralded as the deepest railroad cut in the world. Delayed . . . — Map (db m26773) HM|
|Alabama (Jefferson County), Hoover — Ross Bridge|
|In 1858 James Taylor Ross, a Scotchman, migrated to the South, acquired land and homesteaded in what is now Shades Valley. He provided land for the construction of a railway, including a bridge spanning Ross Creek. After the Ross family moved westward, his property was purchased in 1907 by TCI, a predecessor of U.S. Steel. In 2002, U.S. Steel, Daniel Corp. and the Retirement Systems of Ala. combined to develop the community of Ross Bridge. — Map (db m27302) HM|
|Alabama (Jefferson County), Leeds — John Henry — Ledgendary 'Steel Drivin' Man'|
|The story of "steel driving' man" John Henry is one of America's most enduring legends. The strong ex-slave became a folk hero during construction of the Columbus & Western Railroad between Goodwater and Birmingham. He drilled holes for explosives used to blast tunnels. According to legend, he was involved in a race against a steam-powered drill that its manufacturer claimed could do the job faster than a man. Witnesses said after the all-day contest that he and his heavy hammer cleared . . . — Map (db m22207) HM|
|Alabama (Jefferson County), Leeds — The Depot|
|The Depot was built by Richmond & Danville Extension Co. in 1883-84 following the completion of the Georgia & Pacific RR line between Birmingham and Atlanta, three years before the Town of Leeds was incorporated.
Richmond Terminal Co. operated Georgia - Pacific lines until 1888 when Richmond & Danville RR took over, succeeded by Southern Railway in 1894. Efforts to save the historic building were started in 1980 after Southern merged with Norfolk to become Norfolk-Southern RR. The . . . — Map (db m22209) HM|
|Alabama (Jefferson County), Mulga — Historic Lakeview Cemetery|
|This cemetery is owned by St. John Baptist Church in Edgewater and operated by Scott-McPherson Funeral Home, Inc. US Steel Corporation previously owned the area and it is historically associated with the Edgewater Mining Camp community established for the workers of Tennessee Coal, Iron & Railroad Company (TCI, later US Steel). The cemetery , now 3.5 acres, was deeded to St. John Baptist Church by US Steel on March 3, 2003. It is a non-profit cemetery. — Map (db m37221) HM|
|Alabama (Jefferson County), Trussville — Trussville, Alabama|
|Trussville was settled between 1816 and 1819 by a few settlers from the Carolinas prior to Alabama becoming the 22nd state in December 1819. The First Baptist Church, Cahaba, was organized in 1821. Trussville’s first postmaster in 1833 was Arthur Truss. The railroad line between Chattanooga and Mississippi through Trussville was completed in 1871. Birmingham Furnace and Manufacturing Company, which operated in Trussville on and off from 1889 until the close of World War 1, became Trussville’s . . . — Map (db m34338) HM|
|Alabama (Lauderdale County), Florence — East Florence Historic District|
|The East Florence business area began in the industrial boom of the 1880s and 1890s and continued its development through the 1920s. Originally known as "Sweetwater", the small locally owned firms were established to serve the growing population employed in the industries of the area. The district contains twelve buildings of historical and architectural significance, including a home, drug store, grocery, bank, cafe, fire station, and railroad. — Map (db m35769) HM|
|Alabama (Lawrence County), Courtland — Early Roads / One of the South's First Railroads 1832|
| Side A
Tennessee Street along the north side of the square was originally part of Gaines’ Trace, a horse path laid out in 1807 under the direction of Capt. Edmund Pendleton Gaines of the U. S. Army. From Melton’s Bluff on the Tennessee River, the trace ran westward to Cotton Gin Port on the Tombigbee, in present-day Mississippi. Another important early thoroughfare was the Byler Road (1819), which ran southward through Courtland and linked the Tennessee Valley to Tuscaloosa and lower . . . — Map (db m29056) HM|
|Alabama (Limestone County), Elkmont — Battle of Sulphur Creek Trestle|
|On Sept. 25, 1864 Gen. N.B. Forrest's Confederate cavalry, with Morton's battery of 4 guns, attacked and captured the Union fort near here. The fort consisted of a square redoubt, rifle pits, two blockhouses, and some frame buildings. It protected a large railroad trestle about a mile E. of here. After a demand for surrender was refused by Col. Lathrop, the Union commander, the Confederates attacked, supported by 800 rounds of artillery fire. Over 200 Union officers and men, including Col. . . . — Map (db m60870) HM|
|Alabama (Limestone County), Elkmont — Elkmont, Alabama / Tenn. & Ala. Central Railroad|
| Front The earliest settlers to this area moved across the Chickasaw boundary before 1810 and established the Sims and New Garden settlements. The area came to be known as Elkmont, for the once abundant elk, the Elk River and the "mount" on which it sat. It began to flourish with the completion of the Tennessee and Alabama Central Railroad in 1859. The name of the Fort Hampton post office, established in 1859, was changed to Elkmont in 1866. Elkmont grew to be a commerce center for . . . — Map (db m40807) HM|
|Alabama (Madison County), Gurley — Town of Gurley|
|Located on land owned by John Gurley, pioneer settler, and named for him. His son, Capt. Frank B. Gurley, became a Confederate hero as a member of the 4th Ala. Cavalry. The settlement that developed around the water tank on Memphis and Charleston R.R. was known as Gurley's Tank. Post office established in 1866 as Gurleysville and town incorporated as Gurley in 1891. Madison County High School located here in 1907. Last hometown of Senator and Mrs. C.C. Clay, Jr. — Map (db m30574) HM|
|Alabama (Madison County), Huntsville — Historic Viduta / Hotel Monte Sano|
"Viduta"-derived from Spanish "vida" meaning "life"
In a time when yellow fever, malaria, and cholera threatened, Dr. Thomas Fearn and his brothers Robert and George were drawn by the cool air and medicinal springs to establish a small colony on the northern section of Monte Sano Mountain in 1827. In 1833 the town of Viduta was officially established. This area contains a variety of architectural styles dating from the late 1800's.
Hotel . . . — Map (db m27795) HM|
|Alabama (Madison County), Huntsville — Hotel Monte Sano — “Monte Sano” – Spanish for “Mountain of Health”|
|Site of Hotel Monte Sano, built in 1887 by the North Alabama Improvement Company with the assistance of Michael and James O’Shaughnessy. The 233-room hotel opened on June 1, 1887 and served as a health resort and haven for famous visitors including Helen Keller, the Vanderbilts, and the Astors. Guests arrived via the “Tally Ho” stagecoach or the Monte Sano Railway, which served the mountain community. The hotel closed in 1900, and the W.W. Garth family later purchased it for their . . . — Map (db m27796) HM|
|Alabama (Madison County), Huntsville — Monte Sano Railway|
|The Monte Sano Railway ran from the Huntsville Depot up Monte Sano Mountain along what became Bankhead Parkway through Monte Sano State Park to the 19th century Hotel Monte Sano. The Baldwin Engine and three cars stopped at Laura’s View Station. The Monte Sano Railway connected to the Memphis and Charleston Railway, predecessor to the Southern Railway. Tracks replaced by NARM, 1998. — Map (db m27856) HM|
|Alabama (Madison County), Huntsville — Passenger Depot — Huntsville, Alabama — Built 1860|
|Memphis and Charleston Railroad Company Eastern Division headquarters in this passenger depot, adjoining yards and ships captured by Union Army April 11, 1862. Vital east-west Confederate rail link severed; C.S.A. soldiers imprisoned here. Depot later used by Federal as base for gathering supplies for Western Theater military operations. After Civil War returned to M.&C.R.R. Co.; acquired by Southern Railway System 1898; since 1971 preserved by City of Huntsville. National Register of Historic Places 1971. — Map (db m22436) HM|
|Alabama (Madison County), Madison — City of Madison|
|Establish in 1856 as a shipping station on the Memphis and Charleston R.R., the town was platted on land owned by James Clemens and incorporated by vote of its citizens in 1869.
First officials included William R. Johnston, mayor, and five aldermen, William B. Dunn, first depot agent; Thomas J. Clay, first postmaster; George W. Martin, first merchant; James H. Bibb, planter and Dr. George R. Sullivan.
The community remained small until the growth of industries associated with Redstone . . . — Map (db m61625) HM|
|Alabama (Montgomery County), Montgomery — Pickett Springs / “The Best Public Resort”|
| Pickett Springs
Railroad building and amusement park development flourished in the post-bellum South. In 1880s, Western Railroad of Alabama opened Pickett Springs on site of William Harris’s plantation, “Forest Farm;” Harris’s daughter, Sarah, married A. J. Pickett, Alabama’s first historian, and they had their home here until Pickett’s death in 1858.
Pickett Springs occupied portion of land as community of Chisholm developed nearby.
During World War I Camp Sheridan, . . . — Map (db m38900) HM|
|Alabama (Montgomery County), Montgomery — Smith - Joseph - Stratton House|
|Only surviving residence of former Mayor E.B. Joseph. the Italianate cottage was built c. 1855 by Pickett Chauncey Smith, a merchant in antebellum Montgomery, and father-in-law of E.B. Joseph, who occupied the house from 1880 to 1885. Joseph served on the City Council for six years and was Mayor from 1899 to 1903. He helped develop Highland Park, Montgomery's first suburb, and was president of Montgomery's first streetcar system, the first electric system in the United States. From 1913 to 1921 . . . — Map (db m36583) HM|
|Alabama (Montgomery County), Montgomery — The Lightning Route / Central Bank Building|
|The Lightning RouteIn 1886, Montgomery became the first city in the Western Hemisphere to convert an entire street railway system to electricity. The Capital City Street Railway Co. initiated electric trolley service on one mile of the street car line the year before. Civil engineer J. A. Gaboury supervised installation of the system developed by Charles Van de Poele. The car line, fondly known as the "Lightning Route" operated until 1936. Investors in the mass transit system also were . . . — Map (db m35301) HM|
|Alabama (Montgomery County), Montgomery — Union Station & Riverfront Park|
|Transportation center of Montgomery located in this area for many years. First steamboat, the "Harriet," landing nearby 1821. City wharf Constructed at landing place 1823. First railroad, Montgomery & West Point R.R., developed ca. 1840. By 1900 most major railroads in Central Alabama had connections here. Union Station and Tunnel connection to river landing built 1897. Because of decline in river traffic, Tunnel closed 1930. With development of Riverfront Park 1970's, Tunnel reopened. Ramp reopened 1981. — Map (db m22523) HM|
|Alabama (Morgan County), Decatur — First Railroad — West of Allegheny Mountains - Tuscumbia, Courtland & Decatur RR.|
|Built 1833 to by-pass shoals in Tenn. River. Absorbed by Memphis & Charleston And by Southern Rwy. In 1898. — Map (db m27761) HM|
|Alabama (Morgan County), Decatur — 7 — Two Bridges Across The Tennessee River — “A Hard Nut To Crack” — The Battle For Decatur|
|In 1860, the Memphis and Charleston Railroad was the only east-west route through the United States south of the Mason-Dixon Line. Maintaining control of this rail line was essential to Confederate strategy. Union Brigadier General Ormsby Mitchell occupied Decatur on April 13, 1862. Confederate defenders attempted to destroy this bridge, but failed. Union troops would destroy the bridge themselves on April 27, 1862. Union troops would occupy Decatur briefly in the summer of 1862 and the fall of . . . — Map (db m28262) HM|
|Alabama (Talladega County), Lincoln — Lincoln, Alabama|
|(Side A) Historical records indicate that DeSoto and his men, as they traveled the South in search of gold, were the first white men to see the Lincoln area. With the ceding of the Creek Indian Territory in 1837, the population of the area increased. The community was known as Kingsville until 1856 when the name was changed to Lincoln. the name Lincoln came from Revolutionary War General Benjamin Lincoln who accepted the sword of surrender from the British at Yorktown, Virginia in . . . — Map (db m33282) HM|
|Alabama (Tallapoosa County), Alexander City — Court Square|
|Anticipating the construction of a railroad through the country hamlet of Youngsville, Griffin Young in 1860 hired W. H. Whatley to survey a portion of his property and lay it off in forty-eight town lots. In the plan two acres were reserved for use as a public square. Delayed by the Civil War, the railroad was finally completed to the newly named Alexander City in 1874, and the business center developed around and to the north of the public square.
In 1877, on the south side of the . . . — Map (db m28544) HM|
|Alabama (Tallapoosa County), Alexander City — The Savannah And Memphis Railroad 1874|
|The transformation of Youngsville from a country hamlet to a market town can be traced from the arrival of the railroad. The Savannah and Memphis Railroad was completed from Opelika to the east side of the Tallapoosa River at Sturdivant in 1872. Anticipating the extension of the railroad to Youngsville, the grateful citizens in 1873 changed the village’s name to Alexander City in honor of Edward Porter Alexander, president of the S & M. On June 24, 1874 an excursion train pulled by an engine . . . — Map (db m28653) HM|
|Alabama (Tallapoosa County), Alexander City — Youngsville|
|Following the Creek Cession in 1832, settlers, mostly from Georgia and the Carolinas, occupied this section of the Creek Nation. Among the first settlers was James Young who purchased land a half-mile west near a trading post called Georgia Store.
Community life can be dated from 1837 when Griffin Young opened a post office in his store and eight men and women, “The Baptist brethren settlers of Youngsville” organized Fellowship Primitive Baptist Church. The store and the church . . . — Map (db m28658) HM|
|Alabama (Tuscaloosa County), Tuscaloosa — The M & O Railroad Trestle|
|This wooden and steel truss bridge was constructed for the Mobile and Ohio Railroad in 1898 by civil engineer Benjamin Hardaway, and 1887 graduate of The University of Alabama and former Tuscaloosa City Engineer. Originally 135-feet high with a 110-foot clearance, it was once considered by many to be the country's longest trestle at 3600 feet. This bridge, along with Old Locks One, Two and Three, greatly improved transportation in West Alabama and heralded an era of economic development in the . . . — Map (db m28992) HM|
|Alabama (Wilcox County), Pine Hill — Pine Hill, Alabama — Incorporated December 2, 1895|
This area was Choctaw Indian country before the arrival of settlers moving south and west in this new nation. The first settlement, known as Arnold, was located one mile north of the present town center. Mr. Charley A. Sheldon from Massachusetts, scouting for timber, described the area as that “pine hill;” thus the first post office was given the name Pine Hill when established in 1839. The arrival of the railroad in 1888 was the catalyst that brought Pine Hill to . . . — Map (db m47618) HM|
|Alaska (Fairbanks North Star Borough), Faribanks — Harding Car|
|Used by President Warren G. Harding on his trip to Alaska in 1923 to drive the Golden Spike for the Alaska Railroad. “Denali is the Indian name fro Mt. McKinley, the “Great One.” — Map (db m47352) HM|
|Alaska (Valdez Cordova Borough), Valdez — Old Railroad Tunnel|
|“The Iron Trail” by Rex Beach describes these events and this area.
This tunnel was hand cut into the solid rock of Keystone Canyon and is all that is left of the “railroad era” when nine companies fought to take advantage of the short route from the coast to the Copper Country. However a feud interrupted progress. A gun battle was fought and the tunnel was never finished. — Map (db m49609) HM|
|Alaska (Yukon Koyukuk Borough), Nenana — First Presidential Visit|
|President Warren G. Harding, first U.S. President to visit Alaska traveled here to pound the Golden Spike signalling completion of the Alaska Railroad from tidewater to the interior July 15, 1926.
State of Alaska
Governor Walter J. Hickel
Alaska Centennial Commission — Map (db m42948) HM|
|Alaska (Yukon Koyukuk Borough), Nenana — Golden Spike|
|A Golden Spike was
driven at this point by
on completion of
the Alaska Railroad
July 15 1923 — Map (db m4286) HM|
|Arizona (Cochise County), Douglas — Douglas Police Headquarters — Douglas, Arizona|
Elizabeth W. Ames, Mayor
Hector M. Salinas, Ward 1
Richard A. Arzate, Ward 2
Ramon H. Jordan, Ward 3
Harry F. Ames , Ward 4
Margaret Shannon, Ward 5
Rudy Quinonez, Ward 6
R. Delbert Self, City Manager
Charles E. Austin, Chief of Police
Albert N Hooper, Jr., Architect
Price Woods, Inc., Contractor
Paul Heidel, Superintendent
Building listed on the National Register of Historic Places. Built as the El Paso & Southwestern Railroad . . . — Map (db m28295) HM|
|Arizona (Cochise County), Tombstone — 38 — Southern Pacific Train Depot — 1903|
|The railroad reached Tucson in March of 1880. Richard Grid had a railroad spike crafted of solid silver from the Toughnut Mine. It was presented to the President of the Southern Pacific Railroad as an inducement to bring a railroad spur to Tombstone. The solid silver spike disappeared into the gentleman's collection and so did Tombstone's hopes for railroad service for many years. Spurs were built in Nogales, Benson, Contention and Fairbanks in the early 1800s and finally reached Tombstone in . . . — Map (db m53401) HM|
|Arizona (Cochise County), Willcox — Railroad Avenue|
|Railroad Avenue became the Commercial center for the growth of Willcox and the Sulpher Springs Valley from the time of the construction of the Southern Pacific Railroad through the area in 1880. — Map (db m28174) HM|
|Arizona (Cochise County), Willcox — The Southern Pacific Railroad Depot, 1880|
|This is the only remaining original redwood frame Southern Pacific R.R. Station in Arizona. It is also the only known, original, on site, passenger depot still extant on the Southern – Trans – Continental Railroad route, between Los Angeles and Chicago.
Listed on the National Register of Historic Places. — Map (db m28180) HM|
|Arizona (Coconino County), Flagstaff — "The Gandy Dancer"|
|Section crews were the laborers who built the railroads in the beginning and have continued throughout the years to maintain them. These crews were most efficient in moving heavy sections of rails when they all worked in unison. To accomplish this they sometimes used songs or some other method of keeping a beat. The tools used were manufactured by the Gandy Tool Company, hence the term, "Gandy Dancer." The tools shown here are the spike maul, rail gauge, wrench, clawbar, and rail tongs.
Clyde "Ross" Morgan, Sculptor — Map (db m33265) HM|
|Arizona (Coconino County), Flagstaff — Flagstaff's Founding|
| Flagstaff was a name on a map before the area had any significant population. The first permanent settler was Thomas F. McMillan who arrived sometime in 1876. On July 4, 1876, a party of emigrants traveling from Boston to California was camped at Antelope Springs, near McMillan's homestead and in the vicinity of present-day Marshall Elementary School. In honor of the nation's Centennial, the emigrants stripped the limbs from a tall Ponderosa Pine tree and hoisted Old Glory. This event gave . . . — Map (db m41717) HM|
|Arizona (Coconino County), Flagstaff — Railroad Depot — 1926|
|The facility was originally constructed in 1925-1926 by the Atchison, Topeka and Santa Fe Railroad as the passenger station for the Flagstaff stop. The City of Flagstaff acquired the building in 1992 using city of Flagstaff Bed, Board & Booze tax funds. The facility was renovated in 1994 whit every attempt made to protect the architectural integrity of the building. The striking paint scheme reflects the southwest heritage of the station and was developed based on research and paint analysis of . . . — Map (db m33335) HM|
|Arizona (Coconino County), Flagstaff — Transcontinental Railroad Centennial|
|In 1866 the Atlantic and Pacific Railroad was formed to construct a railroad from Springfield, Missouri to the Pacific Ocean, a distance of 2,000 miles.
In the summer and fall of 1882 the railroad was directly responsible for the founding and development of the City of Flagstaff.
This plaque is to commemorate one hundred years of service to this community by the Transcontinental Railroad.
October 2, 1982 — Map (db m33333) HM|
|Arizona (Coconino County), Flagstaff — Two Spots — Arizona Lumber and Timber Company Steam Engine|
| Arizona Lumber and Timber Company purchased this Baldwin steam engine in 1917 for lumbering operations in and around Flagstaff, where the engine spent its entire working life. The City of Flagstaff purchased No. 25 in 1995.
Canvas water bags hung out the engine's window & eventually rubbed off the Number 5 on each side, resulting in Two Spot's affectionate nickname.
This display is dedicated to those who worked in the Flagstaff timber industry over the last 110 years.
June 1999 — Map (db m41720) HM|
|Arizona (Coconino County), Grand Canyon National Park — Santa Fe Depot|
| "Won't you be one of the 25,000 visitors at the Grand Canyon of Arizona this summer? It is the world's scenic wonder - nothing like it."
Santa Fe Railroad brochure, 1914.
The Santa Fe train whistle that was heard here on September 17, 1901, signaled the end of Grand Canyon's frontier days. A $3.50 train ride now replaced a $20.00, full-day, jolting stagecoach ride. In coming decades, Santa Fe promotions nationwide would encourage visitors to come by rail. By the thousands, they . . . — Map (db m39569) HM|
|Arizona (Coconino County), Williams — Santa Fe Railway Freight Depot|
|Built in 1901, this brick structure was the first train depot in Williams. After the Fray Marcos depot was built in 1908, this building took on freight arriving to and departing from Williams. It was moved here from across the railroad tracks in 1914 to make way for the old trails highway. — Map (db m33379) HM|
|Arizona (Coconino County), Williams — Williams, Arizona|
|The area around what now is Williams, Arizona, was first explored by a Mountain Man who came to this area in 1876, William Shirley Williams, who was called “Old Bill”.
The town site was created by a cowboy named C.T. Rogers in 1879. Railroad workers put their camp on the map when they began construction on the Atlantic and Pacific Railroad in 1880. By 1881 this camp had enough inhabitants to qualify for a post office, requiring them to pick a name. They decided on Williams, to . . . — Map (db m48351) HM|
|Arizona (Greenlee County), Clifton — Town of Clifton|
|Historic Rehabilitation Project
Arizona & New Mexico Railway Passenger Station
Built in 1913
Mayor - David R. McCullar
Vice-Mayor - Pamela C. Combs
Councilmember - A. M. 'Tony' Rodriquez
Councilmember - Patricia Fowler
Councilmember - John W. McLaughlin
Councilmember - Joe T. Brinkley
Councilmember - Carol Swart
Town Manager - Mark Fooks
Contractor - Town of Clifton Work Force
Grantswriter - Walter Mares
Architects - Ryden Architects
Rehabilitation . . . — Map (db m36679) HM|
|Arizona (Maricopa County), Queen Creek — Engine 1673|
|The railroad made significant contribution to the support and development of the Queen Creek community. Engine 1673 travelled over 1,000,000 miles of track in Arizona from 1900-1955. The Southern Pacific Mesa to South San Tan spur was established in 1895 as a component of the Maricopa Phoenix and Salt River Valley Railroad. 1673 was featured in the 1954 film "Oklahoma" and now resides in Tucson, Arizona at the Historic Rail Depot. — Map (db m49866) HM|
|Arizona (Mohave County), Chloride — Arizona and Utah / Western Arizona Railway|
|Originally built in 1899 as the Arizona and Utah Railway, this short-line reached almost twenty five miles from the siding at McConnico on the Sante Fe to the White Hills. In 1904, a storm washed out much of the route. In 1905, the Sante Fe acquired the right-of-way and created the Western Arizona Railway over the same route. This railroad served the mines in the Chloride area, as well as mines in nearby Eldorado Canyon in Nevada. In 1910 the Western Arizona was completed to Chloride proper, . . . — Map (db m48288) HM|
|Arizona (Mohave County), Kingman — Atchison, Topeka & Santa Fe Railroad Depot — Built 1907|
|This building has been placed on
The National Register of
By the United States Department of the Interior.
Atchinson, Topeka & Sante Fe
Kingman's early existence depended upon the railroad. The town's role as a shipping and commerce center was enhanced by the building of a modern, large depot during the first decade of the 20th century. The depot was built in the Mission Revival style of concrete and stucco. The curvilinear . . . — Map (db m29412) HM|
|Arizona (Mohave County), Kingman — Lewis Kingman Park|
|Dedicated to Lewis Kingman, born North Bridgewater, Mass., 1845, died Mexico City, 1912.
A civil engineer who pioneered railroad location and construction in the western United States and Mexico.
During 1886-87 he supervised the construction of 1353 miles of railroad.
During the construction of the railroad through this area, he established the railroad camp where the town of Kingman now stands. — Map (db m29424) HM|
|Arizona (Mohave County), Kingman — Santa Fe Locomotive No. 3759|
|Presented to the city of Kingman as an historical monument in 1967 by the Santa Fe Railway Company.
This "Mountain Type" coal-burning steam locomotive was built in 1927 by the Baldwin Locomotive Works. It was rebuilt and converted to oil fuel in 1941.
No. 3759 was on the passenger run between Los Angeles and Kansas City for many years, making ten round trips monthly. Average east-bound speed was 54.3 MPH; west-bound 60.2 MPH. Kingman was a "water stop" on the east-bound run. No. 3759 . . . — Map (db m29360) HM|
|Arizona (Navajo County), Winslow — La Posada Hotel — - 1930 -|
|La Posada was the last of the great
Fred Harvey/Santa Fe Railway hotels.
This is the masterpiece of
Mary Jane Colter
considered by many to be
the greatest of all
La Posada is on the National and State Registers of Historic Places. — Map (db m32787) HM|
|Arizona (Pima County), Tucson — El Paso & Southwestern Depot and Park|
|Th El Paso and Southwestern Railroad, originally owned by the Phelps Dodge Company, was extended from El Paso into Tucson in the fall of 1912. The handsome depot of classical design, featuring a large rotunda with a stained glass dome, was completed in December, 1913. a park commissioned by Mr. and Mrs. Walter Douglas separated the passengers and freight depots. Landscaped by Cammillo Fenzi, it featured many rare and unusual trees and shrubs. In 1924 the E.P. & S.W. Railroad became part of the . . . — Map (db m26242) HM|
|Arizona (Pima County), Tucson — Epes Randolph — August 16, 1856 – August 22, 1921|
|[ Four markers are mounted on the four sides around the base of the monument. ]
Southern Pacific Railroad Map
Epes commanded the "Randolph Lines" that connected Phoenix and southern Arizona's outlying communities with Tucson. He also headed the Southern Pacific railroad's push through the rough barranca country south of Guaymas, Sonora, Mexico toward Guadalajara. Randolph envisioned a great agricultural and mineral bonanza along Mexico's western coast, . . . — Map (db m38936) HM|
|Arizona (Pima County), Tucson — Locomotive 1673|
|Locomotive # 1673, a Mogul 2 – 6 – 0 type engine, was built by Schenectady Locomotive Works in 1900 and logged over 1,000,000 miles for the Southern Pacific Company, primarily in southern Arizona. In 1955 it was donated to the City of Tucson to mark the 75th anniversary of the arrival of the railroad to the community. It was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1992.
The Southern Pacific Railroad arrived in Tucson on March 20, 1880. . . . — Map (db m49938) HM|
|Arizona (Pima County), Tucson — Southern Pacific Railroad|
|The S.P.R.R., building the nation's second transcontinental tail line eastward from California, reached Tucson on March 20, 1880. It was the occasion for one of the greatest celebrations in the history of the city and foretold the coming of a new era of fast, reliable and inexpensive transportation, bringing increased growth, development and prosperity. The original station, built in 1880, was a large wooden structure with offices, freight and passenger accommodations. It was replaced by the present depot, built on the same site in 1907. — Map (db m55230) HM|
|Arizona (Pima County), Tucson — University Streetcar Line|
|Across from the Main Gate on May 12, 1898, Charles F. Hoff, Manager of the Tucson Street Railway Company, drove the final spike completing tracks to the downtown business district and residential areas farther south. Mule-drawn streetcars traveled a five-mile route along Third Street (University Boulevard) and Stone Avenue; the fare was a nickel. On June 1, 1906, the Tucson Rapid Transit Company inaugurated an electric streetcar system which played a significant role in residential development . . . — Map (db m26194) HM|
|Arizona (Pinal County), Kerny — Porter Air Locomotive|
|This locomotive is a gift to the citizens of Kearny, Arizona, by the Kennecott Copper Corporation. This is a Porter Air Locomotive, used by Kennecott Copper Corporation in the original underground Ray Copper Mine. It was used to transport men, ore, and supplies underground. It was operated on compressed air, supplied from lines within the mine. It was retired in 1955. The locomotive was originally placed in Hercules Park, Ray, Arizona, and later moved to Kearny, Arizona. — Map (db m34135) HM|
|Arizona (Santa Cruz County), Patagonia — Patagonia Depot|
|The New Mexico and Arizona Railroad which served Patagonia, was built by the Santa Fe in 1881-82 and was operated after 1897 by the Southern Pacific. The last portion of this line, terminating at Patagonia, was abandoned in 1962.
The Patagonia depot building dates from the turn of the century. In 1965 the Patagonia-Sonoita Rotary Club saved it from demolition and began a continuing effort to save it. Since 1974 the City of Patagonia has been using it for municipal offices. — Map (db m24108) HM|
|Arizona (Yavapai County), Prescott — Santa Fe Depot|
|Prescott’s first railroad arrived on December 31, 1886. The current depot was built by the Santa Fe, Prescott and Phoenix Railway, also known as the “Peavine”, in 1907. Designed in the Mission Revival style of poured concrete with a barrel tile roof, it occupies a prominent location at the north end of Cortez Street and was the center of shipping and receiving in Yavapai County. The tracks were last in use on December 31, 1986, the 100th anniversary of the arrival of the railroad. . . . — Map (db m18767) HM|
|Arizona (Yuma County), Yuma — Southern Pacific Passenger Coach Car|
|Wooden coaches were built around 1875 by Southern Pacific Railroad shops in Sacramento, California, and were used for passenger service in the railroad's southern division.
In 1913, this car was converted for railroad maintenance and was then used until 1938 by work crews during the repair of rail lines. It was then abandoned on tracks near Yuma where it deteriorated for years. Don Trigg of Yuma acquired the car and subsequently donated it in 1991 as an interpretive part of Yuma Crossing State Historic Park. — Map (db m29002) HM|
|Arkansas (Benton County), Lowell — Original Site of Bloomington (Mudtown) Arkansas|
|Front Mar. 20, 1839 Trail of Tears Mar. 8, 1847 Robinson's Crossroads First Post Office Feb. 5, 1858 Name changed to Bloomington Sept. 18, 1858 Butterfield Stage Stop to 1861 Dec. 9, 1862 Civil War Skirmishes Aug. 24, 1864 "Camp Mudtown" Mar. 9, 1881 Moved near railroad after village destroyed by tornado Known now as Lowell Back Lowell Sesquicentennial 1836-1986 Committee Chairperson Vera Lou Goree Fowler Committee Members Helen Nail Bolen Jo Vantine Elza Tucker Alma . . . — Map (db m33712) HM|
|Arkansas (Clay County), St. Francis — Chalk Bluff Crossing and Town|
|Since Crowley's Ridge provided the only natural route for north-south travel across the lowlands of northeastern Arkansas, an Indian trail and later a military road crossed the river here. About 1840 Abraham Seitz established a ferry which was later operated by Timothy Dalton. The town which grew up near the crossing faded away after 1882 when the railroad bridged the river downstream at the new town of St. Francis. — Map (db m4912) HM|
|California (Alameda County), Alameda — 440 — Alameda Terminus of the 1st Transcontinental Railroad|
| [Center and Main Marker:]
This plaque marks the terminus of the First Transcontinental Passenger train that started in New York City and terminated at Alameda Point Pier On September 6, 1869. Erected by the U.S. Naval Air Station, Alameda in cooperation with the Alameda Historical Society Dedicated Aug. 22, 1953. Wm G. Huff
Small Upper Marker:]
Ceremonies commemorating the 100th Anniversary of this historical event were . . . — Map (db m29447) HM|
|California (Alameda County), Berkeley — Barker Building — A.W. Smith, Architect — 1905|
|City of Berkeley Landmark
designated in 1978
James Loring Baker was an early Berkeley landowner, developer, and civic leader. He was one of the signers of the incorporation papers for the Town of Berkeley and it was he who delivered them to Sacramento in 1878. Baker helped to finance public school buildings and electric lighting for the city, promoted city tree planting, and established the First National Bank of Berkeley. His family home stood nearby on Dwight Way until it was demolished in . . . — Map (db m54332) HM|
|California (Alameda County), Berkeley — Santa Fe Railway Depot — Charles Frederick Whittlesey, Architect — 1904|
|City of Berkeley Landmark
designated in 2001
During the early 20th century, the Santa Fe Railroad provided three-day passenger and freight service between Chicago and the Bay Area. This depot was one of three major rail stations in Berkeley. It was closed in 1964 and converted to a restaurant. In 2003, the Berkeley Montessori School renovated the building.
Charles Whittlesey, an innovator in reinforced concrete design, was chief architect for the Santa Fe Railroad and designer of . . . — Map (db m53828) HM|
|California (Alameda County), Berkeley — Site of John Hinkel Livery Stable, 1900 — Berkeley Farm Creamery Complex — F.E. Armstrong, Contractor, 1910|
|City of Berkeley Landmark
designated in 1998
By 1900, downtown Berkeley had developed around Shattuck Avenue, its main street. On this site, owned by John Hinkel, stood a brick livery stable run by John Fitzpatrick, the early operator of the Ocean View Trolley. In an era of horse-drawn transportation, the centrally located livery stable was advertised to
Furnish at all hours Hack, Carriages and Coupes.” The stable had 16-foot-high brick walls and an arched entry.
A complex of . . . — Map (db m54346) HM|
|California (Alameda County), Livermore — Livermore Southern Pacific Depot|
|This railroad station having been located about half a mile west of the old town of Laddsville, on land owned by Wm. M. Mendenhall. Established the location of the town Livermore. The first depot was a freight car that was soon replaced by a building. In 1891 this building burned, and by August 1892 a combination passenger and freight depot was built.
Dedicated April 13, 1991
by Joaquin Murrieta Chapter 13
E Clampus Vitus — Map (db m19993) HM|
|California (Alameda County), Niles — Completion of the Transcontinental Railroad — Niles, California|
|“May God continue the unity of our country as this railroad unites the two great oceans of the world.” The gold spike ceremony at Promontory, Utah in May of 1869 united the tracks of the Central Pacific and Union Pacific Railroads. However the trails did not span the United States from ocean to ocean until some months later. In September the final link between San Francisco and Sacramento was completed near the Flour Mill of Jesus Vallejo, a short distance east of this location. — Map (db m24473) HM|
|California (Alameda County), Oakland — Oakland Railroad History|
|The railroad industry transformed Oakland from an oak forest to a thriving city. Rapid growth began when the Central Pacific Railroad absorbed local rail lines in 1868 and was granted right-of-way to build a freight and ferry pier. The Oakland Long Wharf, which extended into the bay off the end of Seventh Street, was completed in 1871 and became California's principal rail terminus. Central Pacific reorganized as Southern Pacific and sustained a waterfront monopoly for decades until a series of . . . — Map (db m19209) HM|
|California (Alameda County), Sunol — Niles Canyon Railway|
|In 1869, the first Transcontinental Railroad passed this spot on its way to the shore of the San Francisco Bay. In 1984 the Southern Pacific Railroad abandoned this historic line between Niles and Tracy, California.
Volunteers of the Pacific Locomotive Association have rebuilt the portion of the line between Sunol and Niles, so that future generations may enjoy a ride over this important link in America’s Railroad heritage.
Dedicated to commemorate the one hundred and
twenty-fifth . . . — Map (db m63766) HM|
|California (Alpine County), Bear Valley — Reynold’s House — Point of Historical Interest|
|About 200 yards offshore, in what was once Silver Valley lies the Reynold’s House. This house appears on an 1878 General Land Office map and was probably one of the many road houses along the route that catered to tourists and travelers. Reynold’s House was located near the crossroads of the Old Emigrant Trail (1849) and Big Trees-Carson Valley Road which replaced this section of the trail in 1866. Silver Valley was prematurely named in 1855 after a nearby “silver mine”. . . . — Map (db m10999) HM|
|California (Alpine County), Markleeville — 318 — Ebbetts Pass — Historical Landmark|
|Named after Major John Ebbett and pointed out in 1853 to surveyor G.H. Goodard who referred to it as a “route of great promise – probably the best one for a transcontinental railway.”
No emigrant train used this route but a stage road was completed here in 1864 to serve mining region of Silver City. — Map (db m11444) HM|
|California (Amador County), Ione — Iron Ivan|
|Old No. 7 was the last steam locomotive to operate over the Amador Central Railroad between Ione and Martell. The twelve mile long railroad lies entirely within Amador County and is one of the shortest railroads in this country. Iron Ivan is a fine example of one of the early steam locomotives produced by the Baldwin Locomotive Works. This engine was manufactured in January 1901 and was brought to the Amador Central Railroad from the McCloud River Railroad in 1937. The last trip was made by . . . — Map (db m2371) HM|
|California (Butte County), Magalia — “Magalia Depot & Butte County Railroad”|
|In 1902, Diamond Match Co., established the Butte Co. Railroad. The So PAC tracks ran between Chico, Durham, and Stirling City. Regular train service between Chico and Magalia began Nov. 2, 1903. Magalia depot was completed soon thereafter. April 8, 1904 lumber and passengers were being transported from Stirling City. Due to financial setbacks, Diamond Match in 1915 turned the line over to Southern Pacific.
Stirling City sawmill closed on Jan. 31, 1958 & the last train ran on Feb. 5, 1958. . . . — Map (db m61223) HM|
|California (Butte County), Paradise — Butte 011 — Old Paradise Depot|
|Constructed in 1903, this depot is one of three maintained along the Butte County Railroad, a 31 mile line from Chico to Stirling City, completed by Diamond Match Co. in 1904. The railroad was later acquired by Southern Pacific and operated as a spur until the rails were removed in 1979. Prior to construction of the depot, “Old” Paradise was located near Leanard’s Mill at the intersection of Clark and Elliot Rds. With the coming of iron rails the “New Town” of Paradise . . . — Map (db m29671) HM|
|California (Butte County), Paradise — Town of Paradise Memorial Trailway — SPRR Milepost 198.2 – Site of the Paradise Rail Yard|
|The rail yard housed the depot, a water tank, a stockyard, as well as a siding and spur. A motorcar house was located further up the track. The depot was retired on January 19, 1960.
The coming of the railroad was the major event that sparked the growth of Paradise and generated the development of property on a grand scale. The railroad began operation in November 1903 and the depot was constructed in 1904. Stores and offices were built near the depot. Residential subdivisions sprang up, . . . — Map (db m29674) HM|
|California (Calaveras County), Valley Springs — Valley Spring|
|The original three foot narrow gauge line was built by the San Joaquin & Sierra Nevada Railroad, extending from Brack’s Landing on the Mokelumne River, east to Valley Springs. The depot and turntable were built around the time of completion of the last section, which was finished in April 1885, at a total cost of $409,570. The line was changed to standard gauge by Southern Pacific around 1904. It was then extended 13 miles further east to Kentucky House to service the Calaveras Cement Company . . . — Map (db m10635) HM|
|California (Contra Costa County), Byron — Byron — Est. 1878|
|At this location, in 1878, a railroad station was established for the San Pablo and Tulare Railroad, which ran from Los Banos to Martinez, later to become part of the Southern Pacific Railway, for the purpose of taking on water, and became known as the "By Run".
This township was famous for shipping more hay than any other station in California at the turn of the century.
Dedicated to the early pioneers and settlers of this community.
Dedicated September 19, 1987
Joaquin Murrieta Chapter 13
E Clampus Vitus — Map (db m17325) HM|
|California (Contra Costa County), Clyde — The Only Train Stop in Clyde|
|This monument commemorates what was once the only train stop in Clyde. The train that came through this stop in the early 1900's was owned by Southern Pacific and brought mail, passengers, and freight to this unique little town.
[Lower marker reads]:
The restoration of this site was done as a Boy Scout Eagle Project by Derek Richmond of Troop 370 in Concord, chartered by the Salvation Army.
Thanks to the people of Clyde, Troop 370, Orchard Supply Hardware, The Furniture Guy, Bay . . . — Map (db m17341) HM|
|California (Contra Costa County), Martinez — 6 — Southern Pacific R.R. Depot|
|First located here April 28, 1876 by Central Pacific R.R. First passenger train passed through on September 25, 1877 with Leland Stanford aboard.
Historic Marker No. VI
Martinez Historical Society
July 4, 1991 — Map (db m19225) HM|
|California (Contra Costa County), Orinda — Bryant Station Site|
|Bryant Station was the terminus of the California and Nevada Railroad, a narrow-gauge steam line which transported local harvests to the Emeryville docks. The railroad, formed in 1881, was originally planned to run passengers and freight to the silver mining camp of Bodie. By 1901, however, track beds had only been laid to Glorietta Boulevard, and the line to Orinda was abandoned.
The Bryant Station was named to honor Mayor Andrew J. Bryant of San Francisco. Mayor Bryant owned a large farm . . . — Map (db m24647) HM|
|California (El Dorado County), Latrobe — Latrobe — Est. 1864|
|The youngest town acquisition of El Dorado County owes its origin to the Placerville and Sacramento Valley Railroad. They established a station for neighboring Amador County at this crossing of the roads. The town started on the completion of the railroad. It was platted by Chief Engineer F. Bishop. He named the town after B. Latrobe, the civil engineer in charge of building the first railroad in the United States.
Dedicated January 26th 2008 by
E. Clampus Vitus Chapter 49
James W. Marshall — Map (db m19317) HM|
|California (Fresno County), Clovis — Tarpey Depot|
|Built in 1892 as one of the three depots along the line of the San Joaquin Valley Railroad, this structure was originally located on the Tarpey Ranch just southeast of what is now the intersection of Ashlan and Clovis Avenues. In the span of its exisence, it has served as a freight and passenger depot, the La Paloma Winery office, a post office, a polling place and as the office of Billings and Fine, real estate agents for the Tarpey Village development. It is the last remnant of the San . . . — Map (db m26131) HM|
|California (Fresno County), Clovis — 14 — The San Joaquin Valley Railroad|
|In 1891, Marcus Pollasky formed a company to construct a railroad from the junction of the Southern Pacific Co. tracks in Fresno to the Sierra with the idea that eventually the railroad would cross the mountains and open the San Joaquin Valley to direct traffic with the East.
The railroad was constructed as far as Hamptonville, now known as Friant, and subsequently was taken over by the Southern Pacific. In securing right-of-way for the railroad Pollasky promised Clovis Cole to build a . . . — Map (db m28017) HM|
|California (Fresno County), Coalinga — Coaling Station A|
| This is the approximate site of Coaling Station A established by the S.P.R.R. in the late 1880’s from which the City of Coalinga derived its name. — Map (db m63892) HM|
|California (Fresno County), Coalinga — Coalinga’s First Rail Station – 1891|
|In the 1880’s coal was being mined in the hills of southwestern Fresno Co. In 1888 the Southern Pacific Railroad extended it’s line from Goshen to Alcade, south and west of present day Coalinga. A spur line was built from the mine to the railhead. Coaling stations B and C were on the spur line.
Coalinga really began to develop in the early 1890’s when oil was discovered. In 1891 Frederick Tibbits opened a saloon, on F Street; the railroad depot, and Louis O’Neill built a store. In 1896 the . . . — Map (db m64084) HM|
|California (Fresno County), Fowler — Fowler's Switch|
|In 1872, the old Central Pacific Railroad, forerunner of the Southern Pacific, constructed a north-south line through the San Joaquin Valley, which opened the valley to commerce and settlement. The railroad contructed a switch a short distance south-easterly of this monument for loading cattle from the vast ranches of State Senator Thomas Fowler and others. The switch became known as Folwer's Switch. A town and a post office were established in 1882 and at that time the name was shortened to . . . — Map (db m26132) HM|
|California (Fresno County), Fresno — Fresno|
| "Fresno" is the Spanish word for "Ash Tree." The first settlement to which the name was applied was "Fresno City," a station on the old Butterfield Stage Route located on Fresno Slough about one and one-half miles northwesterly from the present town of Tranquillity. This part of the San Joaquin Valley became known as the "Fresno Country." When the county was created in 1856 it was named Fresno although the county seat was established at Millerton, the site of which is now covered by the waters . . . — Map (db m41007) HM|
|California (Fresno County), Fresno — 27 — Fresno Traction Company — 1903 - 1939|
|During the year 1903, streetcars began to rattle along the city streets from the San Joaquin River through the fig garden area to downtown Fresno and east along Huntington Boulevard to Sunnyside.
Providing a reliable, entertaining, even elegant method of transportation, trolley cars became an overnight sensation and continued for 36 years under the operation of the Fresno Traction Company. Honoring the men and the streetcars that shaped the growth of our community, we dedicate this monument. — Map (db m27830) HM|
|California (Fresno County), Fresno — 6 — Green Bush Spring|
|On this spot in the early days was a flowing spring beside which stood a large green bush. Wild horses, deer, elk and antelope watered here and it served as a watering place for sheep and cattle.
The presence of this water caused the railroad in 1872 to locate its station and townsite here.
The name shown on the first map proposed town was Green Bush.
Because of its central location in Fresno County, Leland Stanford changed the name to Fresno Station.
In 1873 when the official map . . . — Map (db m28012) HM|
|California (Fresno County), Fresno — Honoring the Ex-Braceros and Their Contributions — Honoramos los Ex-Braceros y Sus Contribuciones — 1942 - 1964|
During and after World War II, nearly 5,000,000
contracted braceros came to work in agriculture
and on the railroads, the majority in California and
the San Joaquin Valley, under U.S. and Mexican Treaty,
demonstrating their patriotism during the great labor shortage.
"Soldiers of Democracy" "Soldados de Democracia"
Braceros de los Ferrocarilles WWII - Valle de San Joaquin
Railroad Braceros WWII - San Joaquin Valley - 2,733
——————— . . . — Map (db m41067) HM|
|California (Fresno County), Fresno — Viva Liberation — Voie de la Liberte 1944|
|La Ville d'Etamps
This monument from General Patton's Route of Liberation is a gift of the people [of] Cannes, France to the people of California, sent via La Train de la Reconnaisance Francaise (Merci Train) and dedicated Armistice Day, November 11, 1949 to everlasting world peace. — Map (db m41004) HM|
|California (Fresno County), Sanger — 32 — Sanger|
|Founded by the Pacific Improvement Co. following the completion of Southern Pacific's east side railroad in May 1888. Its name honors Joseph Sanger, Jr., Indiana rail executive. Sanger, supported by a rich fruit citrus farming district which later made it a fruit and packing center, soon eclipsed neighboring Centerville.
In 1890, Sanger became an important part of a major Sierra Nevada logging operation, with a mill which operated nearly four decades. The 54 mile Millwood Flume (later . . . — Map (db m28164) HM|
|California (Inyo County), Bishop — 953 — Laws Station|
|In 1883 the Carson & Colorado Railroad was built between Mound House (Near Carson City, Nevada) through Laws to Keeler, California. A distance of 300 miles. Laws Station was named in honor of Mr. R.J. Laws, Assistant Superintendent of the railroad between 1883 and about 1915. This railroad provided the only dependable means of transportation in and out of Owens Valley. Train service was stopped on April 30, 1960
California Historical Landmark No.953 — Map (db m10333) HM|
|California (Inyo County), Death Valley Junction — Death Valley Junction|
|This historic crossroad has been used by Indians, Clampers, Death Valley 49ers, ranchers, farmers, settlers and tourists. The town was originally called Amargosa. In 1907, the name was changed to Death Valley Junction. At this junction, the Tonopah & Tidewater Railroad connected with the Las Vegas-Tonopah Railroad to service the Ryan and Lila C. borax mines near Ryan during the years 1914-28. Death Valley Junction had rail service until 1940. At it's peak, the town had a population of 300. . . . — Map (db m50688) HM|
|California (Inyo County), Independence — Engine #18|
|An oil burning steam locomotive, built by Baldwin in 1911, was purchased by the Southern Pacific R.R. in 1926 to haul passengers and freight along the 300 miles narrow gauge line, known locality as the “Slim Princess”. Jim Butler of Tonopah said, It was the railroad that began nowhar, ended nowhar an stopped all night to think it over”.
Originally known as the Carson & Colorado Railroad, the line was completed to Keeler, Ca in 1883. The railroad had a profound affect on . . . — Map (db m52099) HM|
|California (Kern County), Bakersfield — Bena Depot|
| Situated at the southern end of the San Joaquin Valley, Kern County was part of a natural corridor for a railroad running between San Francisco and Los Angeles.
The Southern Pacific Railroad began laying track southward from San Francisco through the San Joaquin Valley in the 1870s. The Tehachapi Mountains were the last obstacle to finishing the railroad. The steep climb from the valley floor up the mountains was overcome with an engineering marvel known as the Tehachapi Loop, . . . — Map (db m25117) HM|
|California (Kern County), Bakersfield — Railroad Scale House and Telephone Booth|
| Railroad yards are highly specialized facilities consisting of engine maintenance buildings, fueling areas, track and switching areas and material storage yards.
This scale house was used in the Santa Fe Railroad switchyard in Bakersfield. A scale located adjacent to the building weighed train cars to determine the amount of freight and total weight of a train. Railroads charged a fee to haul freight based on weight. Knowing the total weight of a train was necessary to ensure a . . . — Map (db m25636) HM|
|California (Kern County), Bakersfield — Santa Fe Caboose #1323|
The caboose was an office, a lookout, and a home away from home for a train crew.
In the days before automatic air brakes, the engineer signaled the caboose with his whistle when he wanted to slow down or stop. A brakeman would then climb out of the caboose and make his way forward, twisting the brake wheels atop the cars with a stout club. Another brakeman riding in the engine would work his way toward the rear. Once the train stopped, the flagman would walk back to a safe . . . — Map (db m25598) HM|
|California (Kern County), Bakersfield — Southern Pacific Engine #2914|
This locomotive, among the largest and most powerful on the Southern Pacific Railroad system, supported the growth and development of the San Joaquin Valley and the West.
Engine #2914, called a 4-8-0 because of its wheel configuration, is characteristic of the type of locomotive used in freight service by railroads in the early 1900s. Built by the Schenectady Locomotive Works, 4-8-0 locomotives pulled well for their size, yet were easy to operate.
As the years passed they . . . — Map (db m25600) HM|
|California (Kern County), Bakersfield — Southern Pacific Railroad Jail|
| Approximately 3,000 men labored on railroad construction up and over the Tehachapi Mountains in the 1870s.
It took over three years for the line to be completed through Kern County. As the railroad slowly progressed through the county, settlements sprang up along the track to supply the hungry and thirsty railroad workers. In the fall of 1875, Caliente, a rowdy temporary railhead, was described as “infested with a numerous horde of thieves and robbers, comprising the worst . . . — Map (db m25606) HM|
|California (Kern County), Caliente — 741 — Bealeville|
|Named for Edward F. Beale this station on the Southern Pacific rail line was established in 1876 as a depot and telegraph office. Service was discontinued in 1943. Beale was Superintendent of California Indian Affairs during the 1850’s. In 1865 he became owner of the adjacent Ranch El Tejon — Map (db m50253) HM|
|California (Kern County), Caliente — 757 — Caliente|
|Originally known as Allen's Camp after Gabriel Allen, who in the 1870s had a cabin and stock pasture near here, the settlement was named Caliente when railroad construction reached this point in April 1875. The town became a railroad terminal for about 16 months while a force of up to three thousand men, most of them Chinese, labored on the heavy railroad construction on the mountain. — Map (db m11935) HM|
|California (Kern County), Tehachapi — 508 — Tehachapi Loop|
|From this spot may be seen a portion of the world-renowned “Loop.” It was completed in 1876 under the direction of William Hood, Southern Pacific Railroad Engineer. In gaining elevation around central hill of loop a 4000 foot train will cross 77 feet above its rear cars in tunnel below. — Map (db m11903) HM|
|California (Kern County), Tehachapi — 27 — Tehachapi Loop Mural|
|The Tehchapi Loop put Tehachapi on the map when it was completed in 1876. Before that time there was no rail access across the Tehachapi Mountains. The historic Loop is pictured here, circa 1952, with a trompe l'oeil effect showing damage to the building due to the historic 1952 earthquake. The wall upon which the mural is painted appears to be cracking open from the force of the earthquake. The Loop is pictured in late summer colors, rather than the usual greens that are only seen for a short . . . — Map (db m53117) HM|
|California (Kern County), Tehachapi — Tehachapi Pass|
|Tehachapi Pass became the preferred route connecting the Mojave and the San Joaquin Valley after John C. Fremont and Kit Carson passed this way during the 2nd Fremont Expedition in 1844. Situated at the southern edge of the Sierra Nevada, Tehachapi Pass provided a reliable way to enter and leave the San Joaquin Valley during the winter.
In 1853, while surveying the area for the U.S. Government, Lt. R.S. Williamson learned from the Indian villagers the name of the principal creek that . . . — Map (db m51786) HM|
|California (Kern County), Tehachapi — Tehachapi Pass Railroad Line — Constructed 1874 – 1876 — Commemorated October 1998|
|In front of you is the world famous Tehachapi Loop which is about halfway upgrade to the Tehachapi Pass. This steep line averages 2.2% in gradient in its 28 miles of length. This feat of civil engineering genius was crowning achievement of civil engineer William Hood of the Southern Pacific Railway Company. It is one of the seven wonders of the railroad world.
The Tehachapi Pass Railroad Line was cut through solid and decomposed granite by up to 3000 Chinese laborers from Canton, China. They . . . — Map (db m11910) HM|
|California (Kern County), Tehachapi — The Great Flood of 1932 and Engine No. 3834|
|On September 30th torrential rains flooded Tehachapi Creek, undermining the tracks under Santa Fe Engine No. 3834 which was waiting out the storm about ½ mile east of Woodward Station. The engine disappeared into the raging water below. It remained “lost” for two weeks, hidden under 10 feet of mud. It took one month to free the severely damaged engine. Its bell was never found. Almost three years after the flood the newly refurbished engine was returned to service with people . . . — Map (db m11912) HM|
|California (Kings County), Hanford — 245 — Mussel Slough Tragedy|
|Here on May 11, 1880, during a dispute over land titles between settlers and railroads. A fight broke out during which seven men lost lives -- two deputy U.S. Marshals and five ranchers. Legal struggle over titles finally compromised. — Map (db m40949) HM|
|California (Lassen County), Westwood — Chuck’s Railroad Room — Westwood Rail Depot|
|This building was part of the rail station from 1911-1958 of the Southern Pacific Line and was built by the Red River Lumber Company owned by the Walker Family. The Western Union and freight offices were a gathering place for local people. Leaving these tracks was the harvest of the mountain’s timber that went into the building of San Francisco, Sacramento, and Cucamonga. The depot was moved in 1970 to it’s present site and remodeled. The bar, now an official ECV 1911 watering hole, came from Juanita’s, a house of ill repute in Susanville. — Map (db m56713) HM|
|California (Los Angeles County), Canyon Country — 590 — Lang Southern Pacific Station|
|On September 5, 1876, Charles Crocker, President of the Southern Pacific Company, drove a gold spike here to complete his company's San Joaquin Valley Line, the first rail connection of Los Angeles with San Francisco and Transcontinental lines. — Map (db m30663) HM|
|California (Los Angeles County), Los Angeles — Angel’s Flight|
|Built in 1901 by Colonel J. W. Eddy, lawyer, engineer, and friend of President Lincoln, Angel's Flight is said to be the world's shortest incorporated railway. The counterbalanced cars, controlled by cables, travel a 33 percent grade for 315 feet.
It is estimated that Angel's Flight has carried more passengers per mile than any other railway in the world, over a hundred million in its first fifty years. This incline railway is a public utility operating under a franchise granted by the city of . . . — Map (db m32455) HM|
|California (Los Angeles County), Los Angeles — Los Angeles Union Passenger Terminal — 1939-1989|
|Constructed by the Southern Pacific, Santa Fe and Union Pacific Railroads, opened on May 7, 1939. It was considered to be the most impressive railroad station of its type in the entire west.
In it's heyday the terminal covered 52 acres, employed 1,100 persons, served 56 trains per day, and handled 23 million sacks of mail annually.
Through the portals of this historic edifice have passed the great and the near-great of the world. — Map (db m54551) HM|
|California (Los Angeles County), Pacific Palisades — 881 — Port Los Angeles — "The Long Wharf"|
|In 1893 the Southern Pacific Railroad Company completed its 4,720-foot wharf which served as a deep water port for the Los Angeles area. After San Pedro became Los Angeles' official harbor in 1897, shipping activity at Port Los Angeles declined. Ultimately abandoned and dismantled. No trace remained of what was once the longest wooden pier in the world. — Map (db m50984) HM|
|California (Madera County), Chowchilla — Railroads of Chowchilla — Southern Pacific Railroad — Chowchilla Pacific Railroad|
Southern Pacific Railroad - Before the townsite was created the train stopped at Minturn. Chowchilla was known as McNears Crossing. After it was founded the company moved the train station to a site just south of Robertson Blvd. Twenty passenger trains passed this station daily. When shipping by train was no longer practiced, the station was moved to its present location where it is used as the VFW Hall Post 9896.
Chowchilla Pacific Railroad - The thirteen mile Chowchilla . . . — Map (db m62115) HM|
|California (Madera County), Madera — Madera to Yosemite Stage Route — Est 1879|
|Switching from the iron horse to the horse drawn stage after a night at Madera's Yosemite Hotel, which still stands across the street from this monument, at 6 A. M. the tourists would load up in open stages to enable them a good view. Stagecoaches, by their enclosed design were unpopular. Each trip to Yosemite Valley took 2 or 3 days, depending on the road, road conditions or other delays such as the many stage holdups. One woman from whom 20 dollars was taken said "I wouldn't have missed it . . . — Map (db m39516) HM|
|California (Madera County), Raymond — Raymond — (Wild Cat Station)|
|The San Joaquin Valley and Yosemite Railroad was incorporated on February 15, 1886 by the Southern Pacific Company. The 21 miletrack ran between Berenda and Raymond. At this location, a turntable allowed the locomotive to be turned around and watered if needed, for the return trip. The first passenger train arrived in March 1886. Tourists would ride the train to "Wild Cat", then continue to Yosemite by stagecoach.
At one time meat supplies ran out and wild cat carcasses could be seen hanging . . . — Map (db m39517) HM|
|California (Marin County), Novato — Novato's First Railroad Station|
|Constructed in 1875. Moved here from original site and restored to depict first structure relating to railroad transportation linking Marin and northern counties. — Map (db m64817) HM|
|California (Mariposa County), Coulterville — 6011 — Bagby|
|From a vista point near the 1,156 long, 130 foot high bridge, completed in 1966, the site of Bagby lies east under, and sometimes exposed beside, the back waters of Lake McClure. Bagby's history passed through three definite development eras. From 1850 to 1859 it was the site for Thomas E. Ridley's ferry. Then a dam and Fremont's water-powered stamp mills were built there, and the place renamed Benton Mills for his father-in-law. Later Benjamin A, Bagby built a hotel, store, saloon, and . . . — Map (db m5957) HM|
|California (Mariposa County), Coulterville — Whistling Billy|
|This eight-ton, short-wheel base, wood burning locomotive, built by the H. K. Porter Co. of Pittsburg, Pennsylvania, was delivered to the Merced Mining Company of Coulterville in 1897. All of "Billy’s" active life was spent hauling gold-bearing quartz ore over the narrow-guage tracks from the Mary Harrison mine, south of town, to the Potosi stamp mill, west of town – a distance of about four miles. Abandoned in 1904, it was resurrected in the mid 1930's, and placed here for all to see and . . . — Map (db m5956) HM|
|California (Mariposa County), El Portal — Yosemite Valley Railroad|
|[This marker is composed of two panels.]
Gateway to Yosemite
The arrival of the Yosemite Valley Railroad in El Portal, Spanish for the Gateway, represented a great accomplishment in transportation and the birth of this community. In 1907, the first El Portal building was the railroad freight and ticket office.
Once rail passengers arrived here, they completed the final 12 miles of their journey into the park via stage and later, motorcoach. In 1916, . . . — Map (db m46770) HM|
|California (Mono County), Lee Vining — Bodie and Benton R. R.|
|Surveyed in March, 1881, and completed in December, 1881 with materials hauled through Bodie to this roadbed, at a cost of one million dollars. This narrow gauge railway carried timber supplies 31.74 miles from Mono Mills to Bodie Station, rising in grade 2074 feet to an elevation of 8500 feet. Operations continued until 1918, when decreased mining activity caused the railroad to be dismantled. — Map (db m49928) HM|
|California (Mono County), Lee Vining — Mono Mills|
|To meet the ever increasing demand for lumber and cord wood the Bodie Railway and Lumber Company was formed in February 1881. Timber was harvested from various tracts to the south. It was milled at this site and then shipped to Bodie on the railroad via Warm Springs and Lime Kiln. The sawmill was a two story structure capable of producing 80,000 board feet in a 10 hour shift (when the crew was sober) and was powered by a 16 inch steam engine. With the development of electricity at Green Creek . . . — Map (db m49977) HM|
|California (Mono County), Lee Vining — Mono Mills|
| [The kiosk at Mono Mills displays a number of history panels that collectively illustrate the history of the Bodie Railway and Lumber Company.]
The Need for Wood
Rich in Gold, Poor in Wood
Bodie, situated in the sagebrush hills north of Mono Lake at an elevation of 8,375 feet (2,553 meters), was once a thriving mining town. A rich strike of gold and silver ore in 1877 increased the town’s population to more than 10,000 by 1879. Though wealthy in ore, the . . . — Map (db m50144) HM|
|California (Monterey County), Monterey — Depots|
|The first stop in Monterey for those traveling by train from San Francisco was the Del Monte station located between the bay and Hotel Del Monte. Only those passengers who were guests of the hotel detrained there. The foundation of this depot is still visible today in front of the (old) Hotel Del Monte, which is now used by the United States Navy as a part of the Naval Postgraduate School.
The other passengers continued past the freight warehouse to the Monterey passenger depot, which . . . — Map (db m63545) HM|
|California (Monterey County), Monterey — Monterey and Salinas Valley Railroad|
|Western terminal of the Monterey and Salinas Valley Railroad ending on 1,000 foot pier over Monterey Bay. First in operation October 1874 bringing grain from Salinas Valley to Monterey for ocean shipment to San Francisco.
Officers: Carr S. Abbott, Pres. ; David Jacks, Tres.; John Markeley, Secy.; John F. Kidder, Chief Engr.
Line lasted only five years, dying in 1879 — Map (db m63309) HM|
|California (Monterey County), Monterey — Trains and Canneries — Historic Cannery Row|
A major landmark in the history of the Monterey Peninsula was the Southern Pacific Railroad. Built in 1880, the rail line was intended to bring tourism to this scenic area. In addition to transporting tourists, however, it delivered an influx of new immigrants and provided a way of shipping the fishing industry’s products to the outside world.
World War I
World War I transformed Monterey’s archaic fish-canning operations. In 1918 fewer than a dozen canneries could . . . — Map (db m55213) HM|
|California (Monterey County), Salinas — Baldwin Locomotive Class S – 10 Engine 1237 — Salinas Oldtown Historic District|
|Restoration of Baldwin
Locomotive Class S – 10 Engine 1237
This locomotive was built in 1918, at the Baldwin Locomotive Works in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. It is one of five remaining of its class. This engine was donated to the City of Salinas by the Southern Pacific Railroad Co. in the summer of 1957. The goal is to restore this vintage engine back to its original condition. This will be a time consuming project. If you would like to volunteer time, materials, or financial . . . — Map (db m63640) HM|
|California (Monterey County), Salinas — Southern Pacific Caboose # 726 — Salinas Oldtown Historic District|
|Southern Pacific Caboose # 726 was built in 1916, in the Southern Pacific Oregon Brooklyn Yard. It was then retired in 1965 by the Southern Pacific Railroad Co. This caboose was donated to the City of Salinas by the Gheen Family in memory of Betty Gheen. — Map (db m63638) HM|
|California (Monterey County), Soledad — Railroad Station Site|
|Southern Pacific Railroad reached Soledad in 1873. Until 1886, Soledad was the transportation hub for the Southern Monterey County. — Map (db m26905) HM|
|California (Napa County), Calistoga — Calistoga Depot|
|Built by Sam Brannan for the Napa Valley Railroad in 1868 one year before the completion of the Transcontinental Railroad. Second oldest remaining railroad station in California. Northern terminus of the Napa Valley Railroad and its successors the Napa Valley Branches of the Central Pacific Railroad and the Southern Pacific Railroad.
Restored in 1978 by Calistoga Depot Association
Dedicated March 17, 1979
Sam Brannan Chapter No.1004
E Clampus Vitus — Map (db m54522) HM|
|California (Napa County), Napa — Napa Valley Railroad|
|The Napa Valley Railroad ran from Soscol Landing, the most northerly terminus of the larger bay steamers, north 4.5 miles to this site in Napa City. Ground was broken on November 21, 1864, and by January 1865 the grade and track laying was completed. The first train pulled into Napa City on July 10, 1865. Invited guests gathered at Revere House for appropriate ceremony, toasts, and lavish repast. Free rides were given to all who wished to embrace the opportunity. Elected officers were: . . . — Map (db m54595) HM|
|California (Nevada County), Grass Valley — N. C. N. G. R. R. — (Nevada County Narrow Gauge Railroad)|
|Nevada County Narrow Gauge Railroad ran from here 5 miles N. to Nevada City and 17 miles S. to Colfax. Built 1874-76 by John F. Kidder whose home is N.E. corner. Depot and shops were 50 yards N. Rails removed 1942. Sarah, widow of builder was first woman R.R. president. — Map (db m49500) HM|
|California (Nevada County), Grass Valley — Nevada County Traction Co. — 1901 – 1924|
|Four 28-ton standard gauge street cars ran from 100 yards north of this spot five miles to Pine and Broad Streets, Nevada City. Car barns and power plant were located mid-way at Glenbrook. Line was shut down after a winter storm, Jan. 1924, never to run again – a victim of motor cars and buses. — Map (db m44294) HM|
|California (Nevada County), Nevada City — N.C.N.G.R.R. — (Nevada County Narrow Gauge Railroad)|
|Nevada County Narrow Gauge Railroad was dedicated May 20, 1876 one hundred feet east of this spot.
Built by John Flint Kidder between 1874-76 it ran 22 miles from Nevada City to Colfax via Grass Valley. Rails taken up in 1942. Sara Kidder, widow of builder, world’s first woman railroad president 1901-13 — Map (db m40287) HM|
|California (Nevada County), Nevada City — Nevada County Traction Company — 1901 - 1924|
|Four 28 ton standard gauge street cars ran from this spot five miles to Boston Ravine south of Grass Valley. Car barns and power plant located at Glenbrook mid-way. Line was victim of motor cars and busses. — Map (db m40279) HM|
|California (Nevada County), Truckee — China Wall of the Sierra|
|Charles Crocker, Construction Chief of the Central Pacific Railroad (CPRR), contracted for a workforce of approximately 12,000 Chinese laborers to push the CPRR tracks over its Trans-Sierra Crossing on its race east to a meet with the Union Pacific at Promontory, Utah Territory. A railroad retaining wall and fill, constructed of Sierra granite, stand silently above on the pass as a lasting monument to the Asian “Master Builders” who left an indelible mark on the history of California and the West. — Map (db m23564) HM|
|California (Nevada County), Truckee — Donner Pass — Who Passed This Way|
|For thousands of years, people have crossed the Sierra Nevada near this place called Donner Pass.
Traveling by foot, wagon, train or automobile, the journey has always been challenging.
Long before it’s “discovery” by Euro-Americans, this 7,000 foot pass was used as a travel corridor by Native Americans.
The Washoe Indians trekked through the area, from their Great Basin home enroute to the foothills of California, to gather acorns and to trade. They . . . — Map (db m23571) HM|
|California (Nevada County), Truckee — Theodore Dehone Judah — 1826 – 1863|
|As Chief Engineer of the Central Pacific Railroad, Judah’s engineering skill, political savvy and financial genius, along with the promoters’ capital, culminated in formation and construction of the Trans – Sierra leg of the first transcontinental railroad. While fighting the excesses of the railroad’s promoters, he died without seeing his dream completed. — Map (db m23513) HM|
|California (Nevada County), Truckee — 780-6 — Truckee — First Transcontinental Railroad|
|While construction on Sierra tunnels delayed Central Pacific, advance forces at Truckee began building forty miles of track east and west of Truckee moving all supplies by wagon and sled. Summit Tunnel was opened in December, 1867. The line reached Truckee April 3, 1868, and the Sierra was conquered. Rails reached Reno June 19, and construction advanced eastward one mile daily toward the meeting with Union Pacific at Promontory May 10, 1869, to complete the first Transcontinental Railroad. — Map (db m23560) HM|
|California (Orange County), Fountain Valley — 17 — Section Houses|
|Used by Pacific Electric Railroad for track maintenance workers and their families. Equipment and supplies located nearby Freight house located across Talbert Avenue — Map (db m59488) HM|
|California (Orange County), Fountain Valley — 9, 24 — Wardlow Home / Red Car|
Bruce and Martha Wardlow came here in 1896. He farmed 300 acres and was very prominent in local affairs.
The Santa Ana/Huntington Beach Pacific Electric Spur Line began transporting people in 1909. In 1922 the line closed for passenger service and the lines were torn out in 1930. The Red Car ran along Bushard. — Map (db m59492) HM|
|California (Orange County), La Habra — 14 — La Habra Pacific Electric Depot — Completed 1909|
|This structure symbolizes the beginning of a new era of development in the rich La Habra Valley. The La Habra Line was one of the most significant in Southern California progress. Early crops and supplies to the new oil fields could be rapidly transported via the popular "red cars". — Map (db m49994) HM|
|California (Orange County), Newport Beach — 959 — Balboa Pavilion|
|This is one of California's last surviving examples of the great waterfront recreational pavilions from the turn of the century. Built in 1905 by the Newport Bay Investment Company, it played a prominent role in the development of Newport Beach as a seaside recreation area. In 1906, it became the southern terminus for the Pacific Electric Railway, connecting the beach with downtown Los Angeles. The railway's red cars connected the beach with Los Angeles in only one hour. — Map (db m50338) HM|
|California (Orange County), San Juan Capistrano — Capistrano Depot|
|Built in 1894, renovated in 1974-75 as a restaurant. The original Mission style, one of the first stations to use it, was retained. The interior is so small freight and passenger cars were added, and the exterior of the platform enclosed in glass to provide more seating space fot the restaurant. — Map (db m51941) HM|
|California (Orange County), Seal Beach — 10 — Pacific Electric Red Car|
|The Pacific Electric Southern District was completed in 1902. In 1903 Philip A. Stanton organized the Bay City Land Co. which developed the townsite of Bay City. "Red Car" service began in 1904 transporting tourists and early residents. The town was incorporated in 1915 and renamed Seal Beach. — Map (db m49989) HM|
|California (Orange County), Tustin — 4 — Hewes Mansion — Built 1881|
|This 14-room Victorian mansion was built by prominent California pioneer David Hewes (1822-1915). Known as the "Maker of San Francisco," he donated golden spike at Promontory Point and contributed greatly to local civic church, and agricultural development. — Map (db m49984) HM|
|California (Placer County), Auburn — 404 — City of Auburn|
|Gold discovered near here by Claude Chana May 16, 1848. Area first known as "North Fork" or "Wood's Dry Diggings". Settlement given name of Auburn in Fall of 1849. Soon became important mining town, trading post and stage terminal. County seat of Sutter County 1850 and Placer County 1851. Destroyed by fire 1855, 1859 and 1963.
State Registered Landmark No. 404
Tablet placed by California Centennials Commission
Base furnished by Placer County Historical Society
Dedicated September 23, 1950 — Map (db m685) HM|
|California (Placer County), Auburn — 780-4 — First Transcontinental Railroad — Auburn|
|After an eleven-month delay due to political opposition and lack of money, Central Pacific tracks reached Auburn May 13, 1865, and regualr service began. Government loans became available when the railroad completed its first 40 miles, four miles east of here. With new funds, Central Pacific augmented its forces with the first Chinese laborers and work began in earnest. — Map (db m54837) HM|
|California (Placer County), Colfax — 780-9 — Cape Horn Promontory|
View of Cape Horn Promontory
North Fork American River Canyon
Dedicated to the memory of thousands of Chinese who worked for Charles Crocker on the Central Pacific Railroad . They were lowered over the face of Cape Horn Promontory in wicker Bosun’s chairs to a point 1332 feet above the canyon floor. The ledge created for the railbed was completed May 1866. They are honored for their work ethic, and timely completion of the Transcontinental Rails ending in Promotory, Utah, May 1869. — Map (db m14437) HM|
|California (Placer County), Colfax — 780-5 — Colfax — First Transcontinental Railroad|
|Central Pacific Railroad reached Colfax, formerly Illinoistown September 1, 1865, and train service began four days later. Colfax was a vital construction supply depot and junction point for stage lines for ten months. It was renamed Governor Stanford in honor of Schuyler Colfax, Speaker of the House of Representatives and later Ulysses S. Grant’s Vice President. The real assault on the Sierra began here. — Map (db m13081) HM|
|California (Placer County), Colfax — Colfax Freight Depot — Listed in the National Register of Historic Places — 14 Nov. 1999 NPS. 99001564-000|
|Built circa 1880 by Central Pacific Railroad Company. Constructed of wood using Standard S.P. design known as Freight House #2. Exhibiting the Victorian era stick style. This building is the only freight depot of this type remaining in Placer County.
The freight depot served as the transfer point and terminus for the Nevada County Narrow Gauge Railroad. The N.C.N.G. transported passengers, mining supplies, gold and fruit from 20 April, 1876 to 10 July 1942.
In 1871, Morris Lobner, at . . . — Map (db m10980) HM|
|California (Placer County), Colfax — Colfax Passenger Depot|
|Placed on the National Registry of Historic Places
15 January 1999
Built in 1905 by Southern Pacific Railroad in what SPRR called the Colonnade style. It is the only remaining depot of this type in Placer County. It was used as a passenger depot until 30 April 1971.
This structure replaced the original Central Pacific Depot constructed in 1865. It included the Western Union Telegraph office, Wells Fargo Express office and a restaurant. It was destroyed by fire Tuesday morning, 26 . . . — Map (db m45156) HM|
|California (Placer County), Colfax — Nevada County Narrow Gauge Railroad — 1876 – 1942 — Placer County Terminus|
|Depot was 100 yards N.E. of this spot. Built by John Flint Kidder between 1874-76. It ran 22 miles from Colfax to Nevada City via Grass Valley. Rails taken up on 1942. Sarah Kidder, widow of builder , world’s first woman railroad president 1901 – 13. — Map (db m14438) HM|
|California (Placer County), Colfax — Schuyler Colfax — 1865|
|Schuyler Colfax, Speaker of the House of Representatives, was asked by President Abraham Lincoln on April 14 to take a message to the miners of the west, that their prosperity is the prosperity of the Nation. These may have been Lincoln’s last words on public subjects, as he was shot later that evening at Ford Theatre, Washington, D.C.
In May 1865 Colfax traveled 2000 miles by stagecoach, reaching San Francisco on July 1, 1865. The slow journey emphasized the need for a railroad to the . . . — Map (db m10976) HM|
|California (Placer County), Dutch Flat — 397 — Dutch Flat|
|Founded in the Spring of 1861 by Joseph and Charles Dornbach. From 1854 to 1882 it was noted for its rich hydraulic mines. In 1860 had the largest voting population in Placer County. Chinese inhabitants numbered about 2,000. Here Theodore Judah and Dr. D.W. Strong made the original subscriptions to build the First Transcontinental Railroad.
State Registered Landmark No. 397
Tablet placed by California Centennials Commission.
Base furnished by Placer County Historical Society
Dedicated July 23, 1950. — Map (db m549) HM|
|California (Placer County), Foresthill — Compressed Air Engine|
|This engine, powered by compressed air, began operation in the late 1880’s and ceased around 1909. The engine was used to remove gold ore from the Red Point Mine, located approximately 12 miles north-east of Foresthill. This area, mined heavily from the mid 1800’s to the last part of that century, yielded as much gold, for the area of ground being worked, as any other area in California. Nearly five million dollars is believed to have been taken from the mines on the main Foresthill Ridge. . . . — Map (db m44041) HM|
|California (Placer County), Gold Run — Chinese Railroad Workers|
|About 1000 feet from this location is the track of the Transcontinental Railroad. In 1865 thousands of Chinese in Kwantung Provence China were recruited to work on this great connection between the East and West Coast . This monument is dedicated to the memory of those Chinese laborers who worked for Charles Crocker of the Central Pacific Railroad. — Map (db m48856) HM|
|California (Placer County), Lincoln — Butterfield/Jansen Building — [Early History; Corner Site Only]|
| 1859: Charles Lincoln Wilson buys this site, previously patented by Theodore Judah.
1861: C.L. Wilson erects a wooden warehouse to serve railway terminal across 5th street.
1863: Used often as a community hall, “Roods Hall.” Roods was Wilson’s brother-in-law.
1870: Stephan & Melissa Burdge run a boarding house/hotel here during most of the decade.
1883: Historic Downtown Fire, July 11. Burdge Hotel burns—rebuilt across G Street. Gladding, McBean & . . . — Map (db m17835) HM|
|California (Placer County), Newcastle — 780-3 — Newcastle — First Transcontinental Railroad|
|Regular freight and passenger trains began operating over the first 31 miles of Central Pacific's line to Newcastle on June 10, 1864, when political opposition and lack of money stopped further construction during that mild winter. Construction was resumed in April 1865. At this point, stagecoaches transferred passengers from the Dutch Flat Wagon Road. — Map (db m11141) HM|
|California (Placer County), Rocklin — 780-2 — Rocklin — First Transcontinental Railroad|
|Central Pacific reached Rocklin, 22 miles from its Sacramento Terminus, in May, 1864, when the railroad established a major locomotive terminal here. Trains moving over the Sierra were generally cut in two sections at this point, in order to ascend the grade. The first CP freight movement was three carloads of Rocklin granite pulled by the engine "Governor Stanford". The terminal was moved to Roseville April 18, 1908. — Map (db m11088) HM|
|California (Placer County), Roseville — 4 — Lest We Forget|
|This monument has been erected to honor the memory of eleven local railroad workers who met untimely deaths in a tragic train accident between Roseville and Lincoln on April 8, 1935.
Louis Apostolas • Arnold Caballero • Sam Darras • Tony Espinoza • Isaac Esqueda • Steve Gianakopias • Vincente Hernandez • Leonard Jimenez • Agapito Munoz • Pete Piniotis • Jose Vargas
They kept the railroad moving — Map (db m37235) HM|
|California (Placer County), Roseville — 780-1 — Roseville — First Transcontinental Railroad|
|Central Pacific graders reached Junction, now Roseville, on November 23, 1863, crossing the line of the California Central, which began building northward from Folsom in May 1858. That line was abandoned in 1868. CP’s track reached Junction April 25, 1864 when trains began making daily runs 18 miles to and from Sacramento. Now Roseville is a major railroad distribution center. — Map (db m11079) HM|
|California (Placer County), Roseville — Southern Pacific Railroad No. 2252 Steam Locomotive|
|In the early 1900s a decision by Southern Pacific Railroad to relocate the regional operations to this area helped turn a small town once known as Junction into the City of Roseville. Locomotive 2252 is a symbol of this history and of the social and economic impact of the railroad on Roseville.
This 2252 was manufactured by Crooks Locomotive & Machine Company of Patterson, New Jersey. In March 1897, as one of 38 identical T-1 class locomotives built that year. Only two, the 2252 and the . . . — Map (db m37150) HM|
|California (Placer County), Tahoe City — Southern Pacific, 1926 to 1945 — Visions for a Two-Season Resort|
|In 1925, the Southern Pacific Railroad bought Tahoe Tavern and the railroad from Duane L. Bliss. They changed the narrow-gauge railroad to standard tracks and attempted to clear them of snow during the winter. Their vision was to turn Tahoe City into a two-season resort.
In 1938, residents, fed up with their private water company, voted to create the first local government in the Tahoe Basin. The Tahoe City Public Utility District formed and Bill Vernon was appointed the first general . . . — Map (db m34905) HM|
|California (Plumas County), Chester — "Dinky"|
|The “Dinky,” a narrow gauge locomotive, was discovered n May 1996 after 82 years at the bottom of Butt Lake. It was used during the 1910-1914 construction of the Almanor and Butt Lake Dams. An H.K. Porter engine, it is thought to be the ‘Eureka’ originally built for the Nevada Mill Company in 1887. The Dinky’s were stout little earthmovers and haulers at the turn of the century but when work on the dams was completed, this one was left to its watery grave. When Butt Lake was . . . — Map (db m56745) HM|
|California (Plumas County), Cromberg — Sloat Towne Hall|
|The Sloat Towne Hall is the only remaining public building in Sloat. It was built in 1935 as a union and meeting hall, and was donated by the United Independent Workers’ Union to the community in 1956.
The town of Sloat once boasted a population of over 2,000 people, made up mostly of employees at the lumber mill and box factory, miners, ranchers and itinerant workers.
Western Pacific named the station of Sloat in 1910, in honor of Commodore John Drake Sloat, who took possession of . . . — Map (db m56554) HM|
|California (Plumas County), Greenville — Bransford & McIntyre Store|
|McIntyre & Co.’s General Store was on this site in the mid 1870’s. The building was burned in 1881 but was immediately replace with the brick building that is standing today. By 1883 the new general store included the telegraph & Wells Fargo Express. The building is built like a fortress complete with steel shuttered doors and windows. — Map (db m56682) HM|
|California (Plumas County), Quincy — Arthur W. Keddie — 1842 – 1924|
|If there is a dream within your hand
Open your hand to let the dream fly free.
A young Scotch Canadian engineer, surveyor and cartographer came to Quincy in 1864, remaining to ply his craft and make history.
His vision of a low gradient, minimum snow rail crossing of the Sierra Nevada via Beckwourth Pass and the Feather River Canyon was realized in 1903 when he was given the franchise to build his route for a newly formed Western Pacific Railway Company.
He was the . . . — Map (db m56387) HM|
|California (Plumas County), Spring Garden — Spring Garden|
|The 1851 Spring Garden Ranch sat on the Beckwourth Trail one mile west. About 1900 the town grew on the present site. At one time there were 500 people here.
Located on the railroad, it served mines, mills and ranches for many years. — Map (db m56552) HM|
|California (Sacramento County), Folsom — Ashland Station|
|In 1973, the oldest depot in the West moved to a new home. Ashland Station, reportedly the oldest railroad depot west of the Mississippi, was transported across Rainbow Bridge to its present location at the Folsom Interpretive Area next to the Folsom Chamber of Commerce. Crews moved the rustic station from its previous site at the intersection of Folsom Rd. and Greenback Lane by inching it across the narrow bridge. Ashland Station served the small town of Ashland, previously known as Big Gulch, . . . — Map (db m11153) HM|
|California (Sacramento County), Folsom — Folsom City|
|In 1827 “Bible Totin” Jed Smith camped here in. In 1850 these diggings became known as Negro Bar, then named Granite City after the rocks, and in 1855 Joseph Folsom lent his name to this fair city.
Also in 1855 Folsom hired Theodore “Crazy” Judah to lay out a route for the Sacramento Valley Railroad between Sacramento and Folsom, the foothill metropolis. Judah later surveyed and planned the route for the Central Pacific over the Sierra Nevada.
In 1868 Folsom Prison . . . — Map (db m57985) HM|
|California (Sacramento County), Folsom — 702 — Folsom Pony Express Terminus|
|Gold Rush and Railroad town Folsom became the Western Terminus of the Central Overland Pony Express on July 1, 1860. The express mail had been run by pony to and from Sacramento. Beginning on July 1, 1860, the
Sacramento Valley Railroad carried it between Sacramento and Folsom until Placerville was made the Terminus during July 1 - October 26, 1861. — Map (db m5090) HM|
|California (Sacramento County), Folsom — 558 — Folsom Terminal — California’s First Passenger Railroad|
|Completion of the Sacramento Valley Railroad from Sacramento to Folsom was completed here February 22, 1856, by enthusiastic residents of both cities. The new line, 22 miles in length was commenced February 12, 1855, and was built by Theodore Dehone Judah, noted pioneer engineer. — Map (db m15613) HM|
|California (Sacramento County), Folsom — The Sacramento, Placer and Nevada Railroad Right of Way|
|Here you can see the right of way of the Sacramento, Placer and Nevada Railroad. It was designed by Theodore Dehone Judah (March 4, 1826 – November 2, 1863) as Chief Engineer. Conceived in 1854 and constructed in 1861, it ran about thirteen miles from Folsom to Wildwood, starting in September 1862. It ceased operating in late 1864.
It was never long enough to fulfill Judah’s dream of a Continental Pacific Railway and its gauge was three and one half inches too wide.
[ . . . — Map (db m37132) HM|
|California (Sacramento County), Folsom — Turning the Trains|
From 1856 to 1971, Folsom was a railroad town. For most of those years, the Folsom depot was the last stop from Sacramento.
Before the trains could return to Sacramento, the locomotives had to be turned around. Until 1913, they rotated on railroad turntables. Several turntables operated on this site. The first one, built in 1856 by the Sacramento Valley Railroad, was the first turntable in the West.
The turntable in front of you was erected in 1999 from the original plans for a . . . — Map (db m37108) HM|
|California (Sacramento County), Freeport — Freeport Railroad — 1863-1865|
|In 1863 a ten mile long short line was built from Brighton Station on the Sacramento Valley RR to this here spot. It was called “Freeport” because it avoided the high charges for landing freight and passengers at the Sacramento City embarcadero. The short line became a popular short cut to the “Washoe” mines. Central Pacific RR bought the line in 1865 and removed the track in 1866 to eliminate competition.
A short lived short cut short line.
New Helvetia . . . — Map (db m8869) HM|
|California (Sacramento County), Sacramento — A. J. Stevens Monument|
| . . . — Map (db m17351) HM|
|California (Sacramento County), Sacramento — 526 — California’s First Passenger Railroad|
|The Sacramento Valley Railroad running from Sacramento to Folsom, was begun at this site on February 12, 1855. Here, at Third and R Streets, was located the Sacramento passenger terminal. The turntable and freight depot were at Third and Front Streets. Completion of the railroad was celebrated at Folsom on February 22, 1856. — Map (db m16056) HM|
|California (Sacramento County), Sacramento — Central Pacific’s Other Big Four|
|When the task of building the C.P.R.R. line over the Sierra provided too much for the Irish, Chinese laborers from Kwantung took over. Called Tze Yap or Four Districts Men, their hard work and perseverance earned them the nickname of “Cholly Clocker’s Pets.” — Map (db m16941) HM|
|California (Sacramento County), Sacramento — 780-8 — First Transcontinental Railroad — Western Base of the Sierra Nevada|
|On January 12, 1864, President Abraham Lincoln decreed that where the Central Pacific Railroad crossed Arden Creek the western base of the Sierra Nevada began. The hardships of railroad construction through mountains resulted in increased government subsidies. These funds gave the company impetus to finish the transcontinental railroad.
CALIFORNIA REGISTERED HISTORICAL LANDMARK No. 780-8
Plaque placed by the State Department of Parks and Recreation in cooperation with the New Helvetia . . . — Map (db m18854) HM|
|California (Sacramento County), Sacramento — Freight on the Move — Central Pacific Railroad|
|Since the days of Sutter’s Fort, Sacramento was the trading center for much of the Central Valley, the Sierra Nevada and points beyond. As the railroad network around the capital city expanded, Sacramento merchants were able to market a greater volume and range of goods over a larger area. Each day crates, barrels and sacks covered the Freight Depot as the ever increasing flow of shipments made it one of the busiest places in the city. But by evening, the large open deck was cleared. The . . . — Map (db m16052) HM|
|California (Sacramento County), Sacramento — Mark Hopkins — 1815 - 1878|
|Some 350 tons of Rocky Mountain Red Granite form the sarchophas that entombs the remains this Forty-Niner who ultimately became one of the “Big Four” in railroad history and Treasurer of the Central Pacific Railroad Company. This monstrous vault took a year and a half in construction and was completed in 1880 at a cost in excess of $80,000. — Map (db m10772) HM|
|California (Sacramento County), Sacramento — Mark Hopkins Monument|
|Construction began on this splendid mausoleum in 1878 when the then very wealthy Mary Hopkins wished to provide a suitable resting place for her recently deceased husband Mark Hopkins.
Mark Hopkins had operated first a grocery store and then a hardware store in Sacramento in the 1850’s and became a founding partner of the Central Pacific Railroad, a visionary undertaking to build the first crossing of the continent by rail. One of the legendary Big Four, he served as Treasurer of the . . . — Map (db m42399) HM|
|California (Sacramento County), Sacramento — 633-2 — Old Folsom Powerhouse — Sacramento Station A|
|The first distribution point of electricity for a major city, Station A was constructed in 1894. Built by the Sacramento Electric Power and Light Company to receive power generated from Folsom Powerhouse. The first transmission of electricity was on July 13, 1895. This power distribution network resulted in the first overhead wire streetcar system in the Central Valley. — Map (db m11185) HM|
|California (Sacramento County), Sacramento — 812 — Old Sacramento|
|Founded in December 1848 by John A. Sutter, Jr., Sacramento was an outgrowth of Sutter’s Fort established by his father, Captain John A. Sutter, in 1839. State Capital since 1854, it was a major distribution point during the Gold Rush. A commercial and agricultural center, and terminus for wagon train, stagecoach, riverboat, telegraph, Pony Express, and the first Transcontinental Railroad. — Map (db m11486) HM|
|California (Sacramento County), Sacramento — The Birth Place of the Railroads|
|“The Docks” area is significant in that California’s first railroad began here. Railroads have directly influenced the development of the southern waterfront for more than 100 years. The Sacramento Valley Rail Road, the pioneer steam line in California, was built from the foot of R Street to the town of Folsom in 1855. In 1859, the railroad was extended along Front Street to the foot of K Street. For much of this period, the railroad maintained a freight interchange with river . . . — Map (db m16727) HM|
|California (Sacramento County), Sacramento — The Interurban Railroad Lines|
|Another distinctive era in the demographic history of the southern waterfront occurred when the construction of several interurban railroad lines along Front Street revitalized the area. In the first decade of the 20th century, several interurban railroads were constructed in downtown Sacramento. The Northern Electric Railway to Sacramento, which served the northern Sacramento Valley in the early 20th century, was completed in 1907. The line extended from Chico to Sacramento’s waterfront. At . . . — Map (db m16544) HM|
|California (Sacramento County), Sacramento — The Northern Electric Bridge|
|In 1911, the Northern Electric Railway Company, along with Sacramento and Yolo counties, built the Northern Electric Bridge. The bridge carried a single railroad track with twin motor-vehicle roadways. Pedestrian walks cantilevered from the central support structure. It had two fixed-approach spans, each 125 feet long, with a center draw of 400 feet. The 12-foot square operator’s house, constructed of 4-inch thick concrete, was placed over the center of the structure.
Two 60 HP-D.C. motors . . . — Map (db m16492) HM|
|California (Sacramento County), Sacramento — Theodore Dehone Judah — That The West May Remember — America’s First|
|This monument was erected by the men and women of the Southern Pacific Company, who, in 1930, were carrying on the work he began in 1860. He convinced four Sacramento merchants that his plan was practical and enlisted their help. Ground was broken for the railroad January 8, 1863.
Judah died November 2, 1863.
The road was built past the site of this monument. Over the lofty Sierra – along the line of Judah’s survey – to a junction with the Union Pacific at . . . — Map (db m11735) HM|
|California (Sacramento County), Sacramento — View Near the M Street Bridge|
|Sacramento’s importance during the Gold Rush was as a supply depot for outlying towns in the foothill-mining region. The City’s central location to the northern mining region, combined with reliable year-round river transportation to San Francisco, made it ideal as the commercial service point for the mines. — Map (db m16496) HM|
|California (San Benito County), Hollister — Hollister Train Service|
|The Tres Pinos Branch of the Southern Pacific Railroad began train service to Hollister on July 13, 1871. Train service was a main reason the population grew from 300 in 1870 to over 2000 in 1873. Besides passenger service, major commodities shipped have been included hay, produce and beer. The final passenger excursion occurred on October 30, 1955. The depot, orignally constructed in the late 1860's, was fully restored by the Rodriguez family in 1991.
Jointly dedicated April 25, 1992 by . . . — Map (db m26832) HM|
|California (San Benito County), Paicines — Limekiln Monorail|
|Built in 1894 by J.J. Burt to carry “Diamond Brand” lime from Harlan Mt. the S.P. railhead at Tres Pinos.
The track was a single wooden rail. The locomotive was wood fueled steam operated. On its maiden voyage the engine exploded while taking on water from Pescadero Creek thus ending operation forever. — Map (db m62683) HM|
|California (San Benito County), Tres Pinos — Site of the Tres Pinos Hotel — 1873-1958|
The hotel served patrons
of the Southern Pacific
line that ended at the
Tres Pinos turntable.
Monterey Viejo Chapter
E Clampus Vitus
June 2, 1973 — Map (db m26920) HM|
|California (San Bernardino County), Baker — 19 — Francis Marion "Borax" Smith|
|Francis Marion "Borax" Smith built the railroad to move borax out of the hills and Death Valley in 1907 to replace the twenty mule teams that crossed this way to Ludlow. — Map (db m51059) HM|