|Australia, Victoria, Guildford — The Big Tree — 'River Red Gum' — Eucalyptus camaldulensis (fam Myrtaceae)Debnb|
| Guildford The Big Tree is thought to be one of the largest examples of the species in Victoria. It has been recorded as having a height of 30m, a canopy spread of 34m, and trunk circumference of 9.35m. Estimates of the age of the tree range between 500 - 100- years.|
It is listed as a tree of State significance on the National Trust Register of Significant Trees of Victoria for its
"outstanding size, curious fusion of branches, as an outstanding example of the species and as an . . . — Map (db m45968) HM
|British Columbia (Capital Regional District), Victoria — The Old Man’s Garden|
|Dr. Helmcken loved tending the family garden throughout his long live. In his memoirs, he described his passion for gardening in the 1850s:
“At this time I was a great gardener – worked hard – up at 5 or 6 o’clock digging & c. Indians cleared out the stumps and so forth – grew our own vegetables & c. In process of time the land was got into some sort of shape – and I planted with sods the grass plot as it now stands.”
The Helmcken garden originally . . . — Map (db m48929) HM|
|Ontario, Whitney — Algonquin Provincial Park — Le Parc Provincial Algonquin|
|Established in 1893, Algonquin was the first provincial park in Canada and the forerunner of Ontario’s extensive park system. Many methods now used across Canada to administer multi-purpose parks and explain nature to the public were developed here. Algonquin also became a focus for discussion of seemingly conflicting objectives, such as wilderness protection versus recreation promotion; forest conservation versus logging activity. Its rugged lakeshores and wooded slopes have long attracted . . . — Map (db m59998) HM|
|France, Île-de-France (Paris), Paraza — Square du Vert-Galant|
|Square du Vert-Galant
Jusqu’à la construction du Pont-Neuf, l’île de la Cité se terminait par le Jardin du Roi, où fut édifiée la place Dauphine. La pointe actuelle de l’île est constituée de la réunion de trois îlots à la Cité, assise centrale du nouveau pont. L’îlot du nord, nommé île du Patriarche, se prolongeait à l’est par un minuscule îlot portant un moulin, dit de la Gourdaine puis de la Monnaie, car son énergie hydraulique était utilisée pour battre le monnayage royal. Celui du sud, le . . . — Map (db m61580) HM|
|France, Midi-Pyrénées (Tarn), Albi — Les jardins de la Berbie — Gardens of the Berbie Palace|
|Entre 1687 et 1703, Hyacinthe Serrori, premier archévêque d’Albi, aménage un lieu d’a rement dans l’ancienne basse cour de Berbie et transforme la muraille en promenoir. La Berbie perd ainsi son côté défensif et la vie du palais s’oriente vers les rive du Tarn, en accord avec le qoût pour la nature et le pittoresque qui se répardait à celle époque. Les buis finement taillés qui composent le jardin classique dessinent des broderies vegétales qui sont agreméntées de plantations . . . — Map (db m60353) HM|
|Ireland, Leinster (County Dublin), Dublin — Lord Ardilaun|
| Prior to 1877 St. Stephen's Green was a private square for the use of the residents of the Green. In that year, through the generosity of Sir Arthur Edward Guinness (Lord Ardilaun) negotiations were concluded for converting it into a public park.
Lord Ardilaun paid off debts against the park and invested an additional £20,000 in laying out the grounds as a park and garden. The bronze statue of Lord Ardilaun was erected by public subscriptions in 1892.
The Right . . . — Map (db m25311) HM|
|Ireland, Leinster (County Meath), Fordstown — Girley / Fordstown — Meath Villages|
| An introduction to Fordstown
Fordstown is named after the Norman-Irish Ford family, who lived in the area. One part of the townland is sometimes referred to as Ballaghboy. Today, Fordstown is a growing, vibrant community. ‘Fordstown Street Fair’ is an old world fair, hosted by Fordstown in October each year since 2004. Fordrew Rovers
Fordrew Rovers Football Club was formed in 1997 and play in Drewstown. They progressed from Division 4A to Division 1 in four years. They won . . . — Map (db m27318) HM|
|Alabama (Autauga County), Prattville — Pratt Homesite — Circa 1842|
|Daniel Pratt, Prattville’s founding father,
constructed an imposing home and garden
within a quarter-mile of this site on
Autauga Creek, near his industrial complex.
The large home was designed and erected by
Pratt himself, a noted architect / builder.
The white frame house featured New England
architectural elements characteristic of
Pratt’s style and incorporated a narrow,
two-story portico and balcony. Pratt also added
An art gallery to the home displaying paintings by
George . . . — Map (db m27985) HM|
|Alabama (Colbert County), Tuscumbia — Petrified Conifer Tree / Petrified Lycopod Tree Stump|
| Plaque A 85-90 Million Years Old
Possibly a Bald Cypress
from the Cretaceous Period
or the Age of Dinosaurs Plaque B
325 Million Years Old
A Member of the Giant Club Mosses
from the early Coal Age — Map (db m29287) HM|
|Alabama (Covington County), Opp — The Depot / Opp, Alabama|
| The Depot In 1900, the L&N Railroad won the right to establish the railroad through this area. The town is named for Henry Opp, who represented L&N in successful legal negotiations. The coming of the railroad consolidated the surrounding areas and brought people and businesses from Poley, Opine, Cool Springs and other nearby areas. The first depot was a railcar parked on a sidetrack. As the town developed, a wooden building was constructed. The present structure was constructed in 1928 . . . — Map (db m39777) HM|
|Alabama (Dallas County), Cahaba — Perine Well|
|This artesian well was drilled to serve a factory which did not materialized. It was then used to water the grounds, a garden and pastures. In addition, by forcing water through pipes into his $50,000 home, E. M. Perine, a merchant prince, had the first air conditioning in Alabama. Fry's history relates that when drilled, this was the deepest known well in the world. Flow is now estimated at 1250 gallons per minute from a depth of 700-900 feet. — Map (db m23290) HM|
|Alabama (DeKalb County), Valley Head — Site of Cherokee Council Tree|
The giant Black Spanish Oak
Taught his newly invented
Tree felled by a storm
1934 — Map (db m28036) HM|
|Alabama (Jefferson County), Clay — The Cahaba Heart River of Alabama|
|On Cahaba Mountain to the NW, springs form a fragile stream that grows as it carves through the steep, rocky terrain of Birmingham suburbs, flowing south on the Gulf Coastal Plain to the Alabama River, at the site of Alabama's first capital, Cahawba. The Cahaba has sustained human life at least 10,000 years and remains a major drinking water source. It is known nationally for biological diversity and beauty and, at 191 miles, is Alabama's longest free flowing river. It nurtures 69 rare, . . . — Map (db m25110) HM|
|Alabama (Jefferson County), Hoover — Overseer’s House — Built in 1889|
|This house was provided for the overseer of the 560-acre A. B. Howell Peach Orchard. William Morgan and William and Evan Hale were overseers. The house was purchased by John and Marie Taylor in 1989 and was placed on the Alabama Register of Landmarks and Heritage in 2000. — Map (db m28494) HM|
|Arizona (Cochise County), Tombstone — 35 — Rose Tree — Museum|
|In 1934, Robert Ripley
declares the Rose Bush
the World's Largest in the
"Believe it or Not".
The fire of May 26th, 1882, destroyed the dwellings located here. In 1885, Mrs. Amelia Adamson built the Cochise House Hotel. That same year, Mrs. Adamson and Mrs. Mary Gee, a hotel guest, planted the rose bush in the hotel patio. The Rose bush had been sent to Mrs. Gee by a relative in Scotland. By 1909, the Cochise House was renamed as the Arcade Hotel and Annex. It was . . . — Map (db m53406) HM|
|Arizona (Coconino County), Flagstaff — Flagstaff's Founding|
| Flagstaff was a name on a map before the area had any significant population. The first permanent settler was Thomas F. McMillan who arrived sometime in 1876. On July 4, 1876, a party of emigrants traveling from Boston to California was camped at Antelope Springs, near McMillan's homestead and in the vicinity of present-day Marshall Elementary School. In honor of the nation's Centennial, the emigrants stripped the limbs from a tall Ponderosa Pine tree and hoisted Old Glory. This event gave . . . — Map (db m41717) HM|
|Arizona (Coconino County), Flagstaff — Logging Wheels|
|Logging wheels were originally an integral part of the early lumber industry in Northern Arizona. Originally designed in 1870 by Silas Overpack, a Manistee, Michigan wheelwright, the wheels were used by a local farmer to help him clear his land. When logging operations began in the early 1880's, they became a vital part of the process. The wheels, originally pulled by horses, were used into the early 1900's and were even pulled by early steam tractors.
When lumberjacks felled the large . . . — Map (db m33331) HM|
|Arizona (Coconino County), Flagstaff — Two Spots — Arizona Lumber and Timber Company Steam Engine|
| Arizona Lumber and Timber Company purchased this Baldwin steam engine in 1917 for lumbering operations in and around Flagstaff, where the engine spent its entire working life. The City of Flagstaff purchased No. 25 in 1995.
Canvas water bags hung out the engine's window & eventually rubbed off the Number 5 on each side, resulting in Two Spot's affectionate nickname.
This display is dedicated to those who worked in the Flagstaff timber industry over the last 110 years.
June 1999 — Map (db m41720) HM|
|Arizona (Gila County), Payson — Mogollon Rim Country Firefighters Memorial|
who made the
to protect our magnificent
Mogollon Rim Country
Date - Fire Name - Victim's Name - Remarks
6/15/61 - Roberts - Chuck Cochane - Pilot TBM Air Tanker
6/21/61 - Hatchery - Constantine (Corky) Kodz* - Forest Service Employee Aircraft Crash
6/21/61 - Hatchery - Arthur Goodnow* - Pilot Aircraft Crash
7/10/89 - Horton - Ernie Cachini - Zuni Crew Struck by Lightning
6/26/90 - Dude - Sandra J. Bachman - . . . — Map (db m34431) HM|
|Arizona (Gila County), Payson — The Dude Fire|
|On June 25, 1990 a lightning caused fire entrapped ten members of the Perryville fire crew in this canyon. Resulting in six fatalities. Before the fire was contained it had burned more than 24,000 acres and destroyed over 70 structures.
This tragic event inspired Paul Gleason to formulate L.C.E.S. (Lookout, Communication, Escape Route, Safety Zones) now a minimum safety standard for wildland firefighting. Lessons learned from this incident continue to influence fire suppression around the world today. — Map (db m28210) HM|
|Arizona (Gila County), Payson — These Trees Planted in Memory of the Firefighters Who Died in the Dude Fire June 26, 1990|
|These Trees Planted in Memory of the Firefighters Who Died in the Dude Fire June 26, 1990
Sandra J. Bachman • Joseph Chacon • Alex S. Contreras • James L. Denny • James E. Ellis • Curtis E. Springfield — Map (db m28211) HM|
|Arizona (Maricopa County), Glendale — Fruit Packing Shed — at Sahuaro Ranch...|
| This packing shed, constructed in 1891, is one of the oldest farm buildings on the ranch. It was designed by James M. Creighton, a prominent architect in territoral Arizona.
Exactly how the shed was used is not known, but presumably it was here that the figs, grapes, apricots, and peaches grown by the ranch were prepared for shipping.
In 1895 the first Thompson grapes were planted at Sahuaro Ranch, and soon the ranch had 130 acres of this variety, which is preferred for drying as . . . — Map (db m40702) HM|
|Arizona (Maricopa County), Glendale — Orchards — at Sahuaro Ranch|
| The most important crops in the early years of Sahuaro Ranch were fruits and nuts. These commanded high prices, which meant they could profitably be raised here and sold to buyers across the country despite the high cost of shipping from such a remote location.
The first trees to be planted on the ranch were figs and dates. They were soon followed by olives, apricots, peaches, almonds, and oranges. By 1891, according to a Phoenix newspaper, Sahuaro Ranch had the largest fig orchard in the . . . — Map (db m40705) HM|
|Arizona (Pima County), Summerhaven — Lemmon Rock Lookout Tower — Coronado National Forest|
|Lemmon Rock Lookout Tower was erected in 1928. It is the oldest lookout still in use on the Forest. This general locale has been used as a fire lookout since the Coronado Forest Reserve was established in 1902. The current lookout structure was constructed according to 1920's standard plans. It contains a work area, kitchen, sleeping area, and fire finder in the same room. This lookout played a role in the first aerial fire patrols which flew over the Santa Catalinas beginning in 1921.
The . . . — Map (db m55554) HM|
|Arizona (Pima County), Tucson — Cottonwood Lane|
|Planted shortly after Fort Lowell was established in 1873. The trees were irrigated by acequias or open ditches with water diverted from Pantano Wash. The beautiful shade trees made Fort Lowell an oasis in an otherwise barren area. After the fort was abandoned in 1891 the trees died and were cut up for firewood. Now they have been replanted as they originally were in the heyday of Fort Lowell.
Presented by The Conservation Dept.
Tucson Womens Club
Mrs. H.M. Merritt, President 1964-65 — Map (db m26197) HM|
|Arizona (Pima County), Tucson — Desert Laboratory|
Has been designated a
This site possesses national significance
In commemorating the history of the
United States of America
National Park Service
United States Department of the Interior
— Map (db m63672) HM|
|Arizona (Yavapai County), Camp Verde — Pecan Lane Rural Historic Landscape|
Pecan Lane Rural Historic Landscape
Pecan Lane Rural Historic Landscape was added to the National Register of Historic Places on May 2, 2000.
Pecan Lane played a significant part in the aricultural history of Camp Verde. During
the late 19th century and early twentieth centuries the community served as the breadbasket for
the major towns in Yavapai and Coconino Counties, including Jerome, Prescott, and Flagstaff.
Once a principle . . . — Map (db m27855) HM|
|Arizona (Yavapai County), Prescott — The International Society of Arboriculture and the National Arborist Association|
|The International Society of Arboriculture and the National Arborist Association jointly recognize this significant tree in this bicentennial year as having lived here during the American Revolutionary Period. 1776 1976.
[Added brass plate:]
"Arizona White Oak estimated 340 years old" — Map (db m18861) HM|
|Arkansas (Benton County), Bentonville — Big Tree — Largest Sycamore in Arkansas|
|Circumference 21.45 ft. height 106 ft. diameter BH 82 in. spread 120 ft. To insure protection during its lifetime, owner Bill Bradford on April 11, 1975, legally willed to itself this tree and all land within a radius of 10 feet from its trunk and donated its use to the city of Bentonville as a mini-oark in celebration of the heritage '76 phase of the bicentennial. — Map (db m50368) HM|
|Arkansas (Carroll County), Eureka Springs — The Basin Park Sycamore|
I stood here growing so many years,
I shared your laughter, I shared your tears.
My life was good, beginning to end,
and this is a wish I'd like to send.
Be happy and kind to all around,
and let not sorrow be ever found.
The spirit of me is in this park,
I watch over you in light and dark.
This little old bench is just a part.
I love you all with all my heart.
So please hold back your tears for me,
and just go out and plant a tree.
The Basin Park Sycamore
Bench . . . — Map (db m59971) HM|
|California (Alameda County), Berkeley — Berkeley Municipal Rose Garden — City of Berkeley Landmark - Designated in 1995 — Vernon M. Dean, Landscape Architect - 1933-1937|
|The Rose Garden was a joint creation of the City of Berkeley and the Federal Works Progress Administration (WPA), whose public works provided employment during the Depression. Vernon M. Dean, the City's landscape architect, designed the garden in a rustic style, with a redwood pergola and semi-circular stone-walled terraces facing San Francisco Bay. Hundreds of tons of native rock were quarried by in the Berkeley hills to construct the terraces. The garden was sculpted into the hillsides west . . . — Map (db m18618) HM|
|California (Alameda County), Berkeley — Mortar Rock|
|Mortar Rock takes its name from the many holes worn in these hard lavas by Native American women pounding and grinding acorns and other seeds into meal. This staple food could be stored and later cooked into cakes or porridge.
Native Americans also used many of the other plants in this park. California bay trees (Umbellularia californica), relatives of avocados, provided oily, nutritious nuts. Their pungent leaves, like those of mugwort (Artemisia californica) helped keep . . . — Map (db m53850) HM|
|California (Alameda County), Berkeley — Rose Walk — Bernard Maybeck, Designer and Architect; 1913 — Henry Higby Gutterson, Architect, 1924-36|
|City of Berkeley Landmark
designated in 1991
Rose Walk was designed by Bernard Maybeck and completed in 1913 with donations from the neighbors. The walkway linked the Euclid Avenue streetcar line with residences higher on the hill.
After the 1923 Berkeley Fire swept through the neighborhood, the property bordering the walk was developed by Dr. Frank Gray and his wife, Florence Dickens Gray. The complex of houses, duplexes and cottages, built between 1924 and 1936, was designed by Henry . . . — Map (db m53859) HM|
|California (Alameda County), Berkeley — The Kelsey Ranch — Berkeley History|
|On a once rural site now bordered by Russell Street, College Avenue, and Stuart Street, the Kelsey family planted orchards and grew ornamental plants on land they purchased in 1860. The 24-acre Kelsey Ranch supplied trees and plants for the grounds of the new University of California campus as well as the elms which later gave the Elmwood neighborhood its name.
The land was subdivided after John Kelsey’s death in 1880 and new streets, including Cherry, Kelsey, and Hazel (now a part of . . . — Map (db m54691) HM|
|California (Alameda County), Berkeley — The Poetry Garden — Berkeley Garden|
|This garden honors Berkeley’s many innovative poets, poetry presses and publications, and their creative legacy. It was dedicated in 1999 on the second anniversary of “Beat” poet Allen Ginsberg’s death. Through their writings, the nonconformist Beat poets sought liberation from traditional social, political, artistic, and personal conventions. Ginsberg lived across the street in a now-demolished house at 1624 Milvia Street while writing, among other poems, parts on his once-banned . . . — Map (db m54191) HM|
|California (Alameda County), Oakland — 962 — Site of Blossom Rock Navigation Trees|
|Until at least 1851, redwood trees on this site were used as landmarks to avoid striking the treacherous submerged Blossom Rock in San Francisco Bay west of Yerba Buena Island. Although by 1855 the original stems had been logged, today's trees are sprouts from their stumps.
California Registered Historical Landmark No. 962
Plaque placed by the State Department of Parks and Recreation in cooperation with the East Bay Regional Park District, August 23, 1986. — Map (db m64485) HM|
|California (Amador County), Jackson — University of California Foothill Field Station — 1888 – 1903|
|The Foothill Station became the first University of California qualifying outlying station funded jointly by federal, state and local county sources in March 1888. The station was developed under the patronage of Senator A. Caminetti of Jackson. Over $5,000 was contributed by Amador County residents to clear the land, built irrigation systems, road, and buildings.
Land was selected by E. W. Hilgard, Professor of Agriculture and Director of Experiment Stations. Four and one half miles east of . . . — Map (db m13110) HM|
|California (Amador County), Plymouth — 762 — D'Agostini Winery|
|D’Agostini Winery was started in 1856 by Adam Uhlinger, a Swiss immigrant. The original wine cellar, with walls made from rock quarried from nearby hills, hand hewn beams, and oak casks, is still in use and part of the present winery. Some original vines are still in production.
California Registered Historical Landmark Number 762
Plaque placed by the California State Park Commission in cooperation with the James W. Marshall Chapter No. 49, E Clampus Vitus. September 16, 1961. — Map (db m8971) HM|
|California (Butte County), Chico — 840-2 — Chico Forestry Station and Nursery|
|In 1888, the State Board of Forestry established an experimental forestry station and nursery, a companion to the Santa Monica Station established in 1882. The two were the first such stations in the nation. Exotic and native trees were tested and produced for scientific and conservation purposes. The station was operated by the Board of Forestry until 1893.
Historical Landmark No. 840-2 — Map (db m29720) HM|
|California (Butte County), Chico — 313 — Hooker Oak|
|The massive and majestic Hooker Oak, which occupied this site, was named in honor of renowned British Botanist Sir Joseph Dalton Hooker. The Hooker Oak was acclaimed to be the largest Valley Oak in the world before it fell on May 1, 1977.
Age 326 Years
Height 105 Feet
Perimeter 481 Feet
Longest Limb 112 Feet
Trunk Circumference 28 Feet
Area Under The Tree 18,000 Sq. Feet
Preservation of the Hooker Oak Tree Stump, The Children’s Play Area and the Bidwell Park Guide Map are . . . — Map (db m29649) HM|
|California (Butte County), Stirling City — Stirling City|
|This peaceful community, gateway to the remote regions of the High Lakes of Butte and Plumas Counties, owes its origin and subsequent development to the entrance of the Diamond Match Company to California. With the purchase of about 40,000 acres of virgin timber lands in the Ransey Bar – Kimshaw areas, Diamond, between the years 1901 - 1904, financed the survey and construction of the Butte County Railroad from Chico to here. It had already acquired some 1200 acres at this place, upon . . . — Map (db m61764) HM|
|California (Calaveras County), Arnold — California Big Trees State Park — The Discovery Stump — The Calaveras North Grove|
|In the spring of 1852, Augustus T. Dowd, while hunting, discovered a grove of truly immense trees, now known as the Calaveras North Grove. Several stockholders of the Union Water Company (who employed Augustus as a hunter) developed a plan to display in New York and other cities, a piece of the largest of these trees. Many people, however, were outraged at the cutting of the tree, Dowd among them. The tree was felled, sections of bark and a slab were shipped to New York City, and the entire . . . — Map (db m34120) HM|
|California (Calaveras County), White Pines — White Pines History|
|White Pines was constructed by American Forest Properties, Inc. at the site of former White Pines operation of Blagen Lumber Co.
The community of White Pines, which was founded by Frank Blagen, the company president, came into being during the construction stages of the mill which was begun in the fall of 1938.
Construction of the sawmill was completed during the summer of 1940. At which time American Forest Products acquired a controlling interest. Subsequently to become 100%. . . . — Map (db m34571) HM|
|California (Contra Costa County), Martinez — 312 — John Muir Home|
|Ranch home of John Muir 1838- 1914, explorer, naturalist, author and foremost advocate of forest protection and of national parks. The John Muir Trail through the High Sierra, Muir Woods National Monument and Muir Glacier in Alaska are named for him. — Map (db m51132) HM|
|California (Del Norte County), Crescent City — The Metcalf Grove|
|This grove is given to the State of California for the preservation of these ancient trees by Mr. and Mrs. Jesse H. Metcalf of Rhode Island. — Map (db m1510) HM|
|California (El Dorado County), Placerville — Swift Berry — “Mr. Clamper”|
|Born Nebraska 1887. Educated Biltmore Forest School, North Carolina. Began career 1908 in California with U.S.F.S.
Major U.S. Army A.E.F. 1917 – 1919
Michigan California Lumber Co. 1925 – 1949
California State Senator 1952 – 1960
We salute our esteemed Clampatriarch and Clamproctor,
Historian, Forester, Banker and Tireless Civic Leader
A “MAN TO MATCH OUR MOUNTAINS.” — Map (db m57974) HM|
|California (Fresno County), Coalinga — Harry S. Watanabe — (1896 – 1987)|
|Harry Watanabe was 19 years old when he came to Coalinga from Japan in 1915. Watanabe first worked at Ayers Drug Store and the Sullivan Hotel. It was in 1928 that Watanabe found his niche in life and the vocation that left his mark on Coalinga. Watanabe had a natural instinct for gardening and was destined to play a considerable part in making Coalinga a gem – an oasis in what was nearly a hostile desert. The first settlers were faced with a brackish, hard water from local wells and . . . — Map (db m64107) HM|
|California (Fresno County), Dunlap — Converse Basin Grove|
|One of the largest stands of Giant Sequoias, it contained some of the finest Big Trees. The grove was logged as a private land between 1897 and 1907, first by the Sanger Lumber Company and later by Hume-Bennett Lumber Company, which in 1909 developed Hume Lake for a mill. Converse Basin, two miles northeast of this monument, had its own mill and narrow gauge rail connection to the logging town of Millwood, from which lumber was sent to Sanger in the valley by flume. Although they never realized . . . — Map (db m52239) HM|
|California (Fresno County), Easton — 35 — Easton / Washington Union High School District|
In 1878, O.W. Easton and J.P. Whitney, San Francisco entrepreneurs, bought a total of 12 sections of land in this area (7680 acres), formed the Washington Irrigated Colony and began selling 20-acre farms. Allen T. Covell was the superintendent and resident manager of the Colony, established the townsite that came to be called Covell. The town was composed of lots, each of which came as a bonus to the purchaser of a 20-acre farm. As the community grew and the . . . — Map (db m28011) HM|
|California (Fresno County), Sanger — 25 — Kings River|
|Its waters made possible the irrigation of a million fertile acres, despite a 39 year battle over water rights. From 1882 forward, 150 lawsuits were filed and early irrigators often used armed force to open headgates to water their crops. L. A. Nares proposed the first diversion plan in 1897. Broader agreements in 1921 and 1927 brought peace. Completion of Pine Flat Dam in 1956 by the U.S. Corps of Engineers for flood control and irrigation finally insured maximum use of the river's water, . . . — Map (db m27996) HM|
|California (Fresno County), Selma — Libby, McNeill and Libby Cannery|
|On this 6 1/4 acre site, Libby, McNeill and Libby opened the San Joaquin Valley's largest cannery on July 18, 1911, less than four hectic months after the site was acquired and construction plans were announced. The initial construction cost was 25,895.
Attracted to Selma by many orchards of cling peaches and early success of a much smaller cannery a few blocks away on Whitson Street, Libby's grew quickly and a year later doubled its production capacity. In 1914, this large warehouse . . . — Map (db m52240) HM|
|California (Fresno County), Squaw Valley — Millwood|
|Two miles northwest of here astride Mill Flat Creek is the site of old Millwood. A sawmill town established in 1891. Railroads brought logs here for milling and later lumber from other nearby mills including that which cut the privately owned redwoods in Converse Basin.
The lumber was dried and placed in a fifty four mile wooden flume terminating in Sanger, Sequoia Lake was formed to provide flume water. The operation continued until 1910 when it was moved to Hume.
Millwood once had . . . — Map (db m2979) HM|
|California (Humboldt County), Orick — Madison Grant Forest and Elk Refuge — Dedicated to the Memory of Madison Grant — 1865-1937|
|Conservationist, author, anthropologist, a founder of the Save-the-Redwoods League.
This area of 1600 acres, habitat of the last surviving herd in California of Roosevelt Elk is established as a memorial by
· De Forest Grant
· John D. Rockefeller, Jr.
· Archer M. Huntington
· New York Zoological Society
· Boone and Crockett Club
· National Audubon Society
· American Wildlife Foundation
· Save-the-Redwoods League
· California State Park Commission
1948 — Map (db m32569) HM
|California (Humboldt County), Samoa — Samoa Cookhouse Circa 1893|
|This is the last lumber camp style cookhouse in operation in North America. This cookhouse was originally opened as part of Samoa, one of the last company owned towns in the United States, established by the Vance Lumber Company. The original building is the four left-most dormer windows. The major additions were made to house the kitchen staff. Meals have been served here continuously for over 105 years. Only employees were served here until the late 1960's when it was opened to the public by . . . — Map (db m65422) HM|
|California (Humboldt County), Scotia — The Pacific Lumber Company — Established 1869 in Humboldt County|
|Their first sawmill was built in 1887 at their current location and employed 150 men to turn the giant redwoods into shingles and other products.
Originally named Forestville, the town name was changed to Scotia in 1888. Scotia is own of the last company-owned towns. With a population of 1200, almost everyone works for the Pacific Lumber Co. Today there are two sawmills in Scotia, including Mill B, the world's largest redwood lumber manufacturing facility, built in 1910. The Pacific Lumber . . . — Map (db m60953) HM|
|California (Inyo County), Big Pine — The Roosevelt Tree — Planted July 23, 1913|
|This Giant Sequoia is reported to have been planted to commemorate the opening of Westgaard Pass to automobile traffic. The tree was named in honor of President Theodore "Teddy" Roosevelt. — Map (db m54428) HM|
|California (Lake County), Upper Lake — Diamond Match Lumber Co.|
|The original building was destroyed in the fire of 1924. Six months later the present building opened as a hardware store. It has the pressed concrete walls and pressed tin ceiling typical of fire measures taken when the town was rebuilt.
As early as 1870 lumber mills were built in the Mendocino National Forest. Forty-two mills were located in or adjacent to the National Forest contributing to to the wealth of the community. By the 1970's, the main stand of timber had been removed or lost to fire and little was left to be harvested. — Map (db m49116) HM|
|California (Los Angeles County), Glendale — Miss American Green Cross — Re-creation of the American Green Cross Monument|
|Miss American Green Cross was originally dedicated on May 4, 1928 to represent the American Green Cross Society. The early environmental organization was dedicated to the "saving of American's greatest asset-trees". The first chapter of the Society was awarded to Glendale. The monument first stood on the grounds of old Glendale High School at the corner of Broadway and Verdugo Road.
Miss American Green Cross represents an early awareness of the earth's fragile environment. Inscriptions . . . — Map (db m56198) HM|
|California (Los Angeles County), Whittier — 681 — Paradox Hybrid Walnut Tree|
|Planted in 1907 as an experiment for the
University of California. — Map (db m50978) HM|
|California (Madera County), Oakhurst — Giant Sequoia Cutting|
|This slab of a Giant Sequoia was cut from a 2,000 yr old Sequoia toppled by a winter storm in 1979 in Eastern Tulare County. 200 feet in length and 50 feet in circumference, the tree weighed 900,000 lbs. In 1981, LDG Logging Co of Oakhurst purchased the tree from CDF and harvested the lumber in it. — Map (db m60308) HM|
|California (Mendocino County), Fort Bragg — Charles Russell Johnson — Founder of Fort Bragg, CA|
|This section of the largest Redwood Tree known to have grown in Mendocino County is dedicated this day, September 6, 1943 by the citizens of the City of Fort Bragg to the memory of
Charles Russell Johnson
who founded their city Aug. 5, 1889 — Map (db m11085) HM|
|California (Modoc County), Willow Ranch — Willow Ranch|
|This monument was erected in honor of all the people who were part of what once was a thriving community when the Crane Creek and Willow Ranch Lumber Companies were in operation here from 1929 to 1959. The land was given to Modoc County by the family of Mary Louise Dougherty in her memory. — Map (db m10367) HM|
|California (Mono County), Walker — The C-130 Crew — Lost During the Cannon Fire - June 17, 2002|
|In Loving and Grateful Memory of
The C-130 Crew
Steve Wass, Craig Labare and Mike Davis
Who gave their lives to save
our community on June 17, 2002 — Map (db m23036) HM|
|California (Monterey County), Carmel — Lone Cypress — Perched over the Pacific for Hundreds of Years|
|Even though Monterey cypress trees prefer this area's rugged bare granite headlands, the Lone Cypress is a testament to the hardiness of these trees. It has withstood Pacific storms and winds for roughly 250 years. Fences and cables now offer added protection in the hopes it will live to be 300.
Due to Samuel F.B. Morse, the preservation-minded founder of Pebble Beach, the Del Monte Forest now consists of nature trails and reserves, spectacular 17 Mile Drive, resorts and golf courses, and . . . — Map (db m8476) HM|
|California (Monterey County), Monterey — Moon Tree|
This "Moon Tree" is a Coast Redwood grown from a seed that in January 1971 was carried to the moon and brought back to earth by Major Stuart Roosa, Command Module Pilot for Apollo 14.
The seed was planted and nurtured into a seedling at the United States Forest Service Genetics nursery in Placerville, California.
Planted here in July 1976 and dedicated to the: People of Monterey to commemorate the Bicentennial of the United States of . . . — Map (db m63500) HM|
|California (Nevada County), Rough and Ready — Rowe Saw Mill — 1865|
|In the 1860’s there were four saw mills in this area. This display, in honor of his founding fathers, is from the Tom Rowe Saw Mill, and displays how the mill works. The foreman stood in the cage and called out the beam size (8x8, 12x12, etc.) then the cutter set the blade which was on a track, and rode the blade down the track until the beam cut was complete. The beam then went to the mines to build the shafts. — Map (db m39895) HM|
|California (Nevada County), Truckee — George Schaffer — 1828 – 1903|
|One of Truckee’s earliest settlers. Schaffer in 1866 built the first lumber mill in the town. He freighted the locomotive San Mateo to Truckee in a winter crossing of the Sierra prior to the laying of Central Pacific tracks. This building “The Star Hotel” was built by Schaffer probably for his family. When mill operations were relocated up Martis Creek in 1871, this building was converted to a hotel and has remained in continuous operation until this day. For 24 years, the Truckee . . . — Map (db m60580) HM|
|California (Nevada County), Washington — The History of This Area|
The Native People
The cultural history of people inhabiting the western slope of the Sierras spans a period of at least 3,500 years. It is known that the Nisenan, a Native California tribe, occupied the geographic region between the Sierra Buttes, those rugged peaks outlined on the horizon, and the Consumnes River drainage to the south. As experienced hunters and gatherers, the Nisenan possessed considerable knowledge of the plants and animals of the region and utilized this . . . — Map (db m44642) HM|
|California (Orange County), Anaheim — The Steam Donkey|
|How the Dolbeer Donkey steam engine got its name is one of the real mysteries of the West. Some folks say it was called a "donkey" because loggers thought it was too puny to merit a horsepower rating invented by John Dolbeer, this portable steam engine first appeared in the redwoods near Eureka, California in 1881. The tiny, but mighty machine could be hauled to remote mountaintops and equaled the power of many horses, mules and oxen to reel in huge logs. A few steam donkeys still stand in . . . — Map (db m55365) HM|
|California (Orange County), Placentia — 34 — Macadamia Tree|
|These Australian nut-producing trees are the oldest Macadamia tetraphylla in California. They were planted prior to 1890 by a local spiritualist health colony, the Societas Fraternia. Members experimented with many varieties of fruits and nuts to enhance their strict vegetarian diet. The colony remained active until the 1920's. — Map (db m50018) HM|
|California (Placer County), Auburn — Travelers’ Rest (Bernhard Complex)|
|Travelers’ Rest Stage Roadhouse constructed 1851. Benjamin Bernhard, native of Hesse-Cassel, Germany, arrived Auburn 1852, purchased surrounding 30 acres 1868. Developed high level vineyard and orchard cultivation and pioneered experimental silkworm production. Some 17,000 vines produced wine and brandy of quality. Stone wine cellar constructed 1874, blacksmith shop 1881. Bernhard died 1902, winery closed 1905. Premises restored by local citizens under direction of Placer Historical Museum . . . — Map (db m690) HM|
|California (Placer County), Tahoe City — Tahoe City’s “Big Tree”|
|For over 125 years a grand pine tree known as the “Big Tree” stood in the centerline of Highway 28 in the heart of Tahoe City.
In 1940 the Federated Women’s Club literally joined hands around the tree when the California Division of Highways’ road improvement plan threatened to fell it. Their protests won the right to preserve the “Big Tree” in perpetuity.
The Tahoe City Rotary Club’s annual Christmas tradition of decorating the “Big Tree” with . . . — Map (db m34524) HM|
|California (Plumas County), Chester — In Memory of the Lumberjack|
|They were fallers, buckers, swampers, barkers, skidders, snipers, doggers, greasers, bull punchers, skinners, hook tenders, choker setters, rigging slingers, high climbers, donkey men, whistle punks, river pigs, and more. Once they were lumberjacks, as unique and hardy a legion as any page of history can produce. At work they were prodigious, at play preposterous, and although their skid road became skidrow, they gave the forest to our nation. In its strength we find their legacy. — Map (db m56737) HM|
|California (Plumas County), Quincy — Mt. Ingalls Lookout — Elev. 8372|
| Donated by: Plumas Nat. Forest
Built by: Company 989 C.C.C, 1935
Dismantled & Rebuilt by Reserve Navy Mobile Construction Battalion – 2 “Sea Bees” — Map (db m56501) HM|
|California (Riverside County), Temecula — The Great Oak|
|This is the place of the Great Oak or Wi’ia$ha (We-awsh-ah). The great oak is a member of the wi’ia$al or Coast Live Oak Family (Quercus Agrifolia). Estimates range anywhere from 500 to 2000 years old. The Great Oak continues to attract people to share its unique and endearing qualities, as it has done with its Luiseño friends for centuries. — Map (db m36210) HM|
|California (Sacramento County), Sacramento — California Firefighters Memorial|
|Honoring men and women of uncommon courage who paid the ultimate price to protect our lives, our families and our dreams — Map (db m14836) HM|
|California (Sacramento County), Sacramento — California State Capitol Park|
When Spanish governors ruled the California territory, its capitol was moved from town to town between San Diego and Monterey.
San Jose had already been designated the capitol by the time California was granted statehood in 1850. In the next four years, Vallejo and Benicia took turns at that honor. In 1854 Sacramento became the home of the legislature.
Though several cities were vying to become the permanent capitol, Sacramento’s claim was made secure in 1860 when the . . . — Map (db m15017) HM|
|California (Sacramento County), Sacramento — Civil War Symbol Yields To Time|
|A STUMP IS ALL THAT REMAINS of a Silver Maple transplanted from the Battlefield of Chattanooga. In 1897 the sapling was planted here as part of a Memorial Grove dedicated to Union soldiers who fought in the Civil War. The first war memorial to grace Capital Park, the Grove was conceived by Mrs. Eliza Holloway Waggoner of Sacramento, who led her sisters from the local chapter of the Ladies of the Grand Army of the Republic in bringing more than forty trees from battlefields of the Civil War. . . . — Map (db m14984) HM|
|California (San Bernardino County), Arrowhead — 34 — Mormon Lumber Road|
|In the spring of 1852, over one hundred Mormon men donated a full thousand man-days of arduous labor, to construct a road up Waterman Canyon, past this spot, and into the prime timber, where some of their enterprising bethren established six sawmills by 1854.
The lumber hauled over this road, thereafter, was used, not only to build San Bernardino, but also throughout Southern California, where the boards were sometimes called, "Mormon Banknotes." — Map (db m51260) HM|
|California (San Bernardino County), Lake Arrowhead — Memorial to Pauliena LaFuze|
|"I never thought I would outlive the trees"
A century old herself in 2005, and seeing many of her beloved trees bow to beetle and flame, Pauliena Lafuze had done just that. She has been a Lake Arrowhead Woman's Club member since the 1930's, and has helped restore Switzer Park many times after fires and other natural events. She planted trees on April 9, 2005, to help Switzer Park recover from the 2003 Old Fire. This plaque recognizes her inspiring, lifelong efforts to conserve and restore this forest. — Map (db m30409) HM|
|California (San Bernardino County), Ontario — Nine Young Pepper Trees|
|This is one of nine young pepper trees purchased and planted on Euclid Avenue by the students of Ontario's nine public elementary schools in observance of Arbor Day, March 8, 1954.
The young trees were planted as replacements for mature trees of lost in the severe windstorm that struck this area in December, 1953. — Map (db m375) HM|
|California (San Bernardino County), Twentynine Palms — 20 — Minerva Hamilton Hoyt|
|Her tireless efforts to establish Joshua Tree National Monument contributed to a heightened appreciation, not only of the Joshua Tree, but of the total desert environment. — Map (db m50641) HM|
|California (San Diego County), San Diego — 764 — Kate Olivia Sessions' Nursery Site — 1857 - 1940|
|This plaque commemorates the life and influence of a woman who envisioned San Diego beautiful. On this site she operated a nursery and gained world renown as a horticulturist. She was the first woman to receive the International Meyer Medal in genetics. — Map (db m51098) HM|
|California (San Francisco City and County), San Francisco — Huntington Park/Fountain of the Tortoises|
On this site in 1872, General David D. Colton, a railroad attorney, built one of the most elaborate residences ever seen in San Francisco. The classic white wooden mansion featured an entry flight of marble steps leading to a portico of Corinthian columns. General Colton, his wife, and his two daughters entertained in the mansion with style and splendor. General Colton died in 1878 and shortly thereafter his widow, Ellen, closed the mansion and moved to Washington, D.C. . . . — Map (db m63532) HM|
|California (San Mateo County), San Mateo — Central Park and The Kohl Pumphouse|
|The site of the Central Park is possibly the sole surviving example of the late nineteenth century estates once so numerous on the Peninsula.
Charles B. Polhemus, Director of the San Francisco & San Jose Railroad and founder of Central San Mateo, purchased this land in 1852.
William Kohl, founding partner of the Alaska Commercial Company, acquired the property in 1880.
In 1922, the City purchased these 16 acres for $80,000. The Central Park boundaries are unchanged from the . . . — Map (db m28712) HM|
|California (Santa Clara County), Campbell — Black Walnut Trees — Campbell Historical Location|
| Black Walnut Trees planted about 1885 by William A. Swope, Son-In-Law of Benjamin Campbell, and daughters Alda Swope Blaine, Ethel Swope Davis, and Lena Swope French. — Map (db m24234) HM|
|California (Santa Clara County), San Jose — 945 — First Honeybees in California|
|Here, on the 1,939-acre Rancho Potrero de Santa Clara, Christopher A. Shelton in early March 1853 introduced the honeybee to California. In Aspinwall, Panama, Shelton purchased 12 beehives from a New Yorker and transported them by rail, “Bongo” pack mule, and steamship to San Francisco. Only enough bees survived to fill one hive, but these quickly propagated, laying the foundation for California’s modern beekeeping industry. — Map (db m3627) HM|
|California (Santa Clara County), San Jose — SCL-056 — Keesling’s Shade Trees|
|The Northern California Black Walnut trees seen along this highway owe their existence to horticulturist Horace G. Keesling of San José. While passing this way by camp wagon on a blistering summer day in 1900, Keesling could find no roadside tree offering enough shade to relieve his sweltering family and horses. Where-upon, he resolved to “plant shade” - at his own expense.
The result was a 30-mile row of trees on each side of the road from San José to Gilroy, a project that . . . — Map (db m52138) HM|
|California (Santa Clara County), San Jose — 15 — Pellier Park|
|Pellier Park is all that remains of the City Gardens Nursery, established by Louis Pellier in 1850. Here with, his brothers, Pierre and Jean, Louis introduced “la petite D’Agen,” the French Prune, during the winter of 1856-1857. I was this variety that became the mainstay of the California prune industry – the backbone of San Jose’s economy for more than 70 years. — Map (db m52613) HM|
|California (Santa Clara County), San Jose — The Chiechi House|
|A late Victorian example of simplified Italianate architecture, the Chiechi House was built in approximately 1876 by John and Jane Campbell. In 1913 the house, at 820 Northrup Avenue, was purchased by Michele Chiechi. Prominent valley orchardists, the Chiechi family occupied the house for sixty years. In 1973 the old family home was donated and moved to the Historical Museum.
In 1986 proceeds realized from Living History Days, co-sponsored by the San Jose Historical Association, the City . . . — Map (db m52181) HM|
|California (Santa Clara County), Saratoga — 733 — Paul Masson Mountain Winery|
|From the winery that bears the name of Paul Masson, premium wines and champagne have flowed continuously since 1852, even during Prohibition under a special government license. Twice partially destroyed by earthquake and fire, the original sandstone walls still stand. The 12th-century Spanish Romanesque portal came around the Horn.
— Map (db m2625) HM|
|California (Santa Cruz County), Scotts Valley — POHI-005 — Mountain Charlie Big Tree|
|Named for Charles Henry “Mountain Charlie” McKiernan, who was one of the first white settlers in the Santa Cruz Mountain area. One of the largest trees of its species, this Sequoia sempervirens was originally over 300 feet high. The tree stands today at 260 feet from the ground, having been broken off in a storm years ago. It is 18 feet in diameter at the base, 60 feet in circumference, and over 5 feet in diameter at the top. In 1880 when Mountain Charlie began to timber this area, . . . — Map (db m53479) HM|
|California (Shasta County), Burney — Fountain Fire Vista Point|
| . . . — Map (db m13741) HM|
|California (Siskiyou County), Etna — Hallie Daggett: Sophisticated Lady and Hardy Pioneer|
|Hallie Morse Daggett was a refined woman educated in San Francisco, however, her deep love for her childhood home at the Black Bear Mine near Sawyers Bar drew her back to the mountains. She knew how to hunt, fish, ride, trap and shoot early in life – skills that came in handy at the lookout high above the Salmon River.
Hallie was the first woman in the nation to serve as a U.S. Forest Service Fire lookout. She was hired by the Klamath National Forest in 1913 and served at the Eddy . . . — Map (db m57944) HM|
|California (Solano County), Winters — 804 — Wolfskill Grant — University of California Experimental Farm|
|In 1842 John R. Wolfskill arrived here loaded with fruit seeds and cuttings. He was a true horticulturist and became the father of the fruit industry in this region. In 1937 Mrs. Frances Wolfskill Taylor Wilson, his daughter, bequeathed 107.28 acres to the University of California for an experimental farm. From this portion of Rancho Rio de los Putos the University's research has since enriched the state's horticultural industry.
California Registered Historical Landmark No. 804
Plaque . . . — Map (db m40132) HM|
|California (Sonoma County), Santa Rosa — Luther Burbank Home|
|Luther Burbank was born in Massachusetts on March 7, 1849 and arrived in Santa Rosa in October 1875. In 1884 he purchased four acres surrounding this site as a place for horticultural experiments. Here he lived and worked until his death on April 11. 1926. Burbank’s work led quickly to international fame and thousands of visitors came to see the “Plant Wizard” at work. Within the rich horticultural legacy left by Burbank are the Burbank Russett Potato and the Shasta Daisy. — Map (db m12590) HM|
|California (Tehama County), Manton — Forward Brothers Sawmill — Site of|
|The original Forward Brother’s, Alfred T. and Frank, established the mill in 1908. The mill was moved from the original site which was where the Mt. Lassen Vineyards are now.
Alfred died in 1931 and Frank went on with the raising of livestock. At this time, Alfred’s two sons Lorin A. and Alva L. took over the mill and greatly expanded the operation which remained Forward Brothers. The average daily output of the mill was 65,000 bf. The one day record was 88,000 bf.
There were 65 families . . . — Map (db m58584) HM|
|California (Trinity County), Weaverville — Jumper Sawmill|
|In the 1880’s George Jumper established a steam powered sawmill 300' east of this monument, above the confluence of Little Brown’s Creek and China Gulch. An 80’ long building housed the mill. Oxen teams of ten or more were used to pull long, four wheel carts loaded with logs to the mill. Timber close in was “skidded” directly to the mill by oxen. Circular saws were used to cut the lumber. Much of the work in a mill like this was hard, physical labor. This mill, like so many others, . . . — Map (db m56136) HM|
|California (Tulare County), Grant Grove Village — The Centennial Stump — Diameter – 24 ft.|
|This tree was cut in 1875, and a 16 ft. section sent to the Philadelphia Centennial Exhibition of 1876. Only the outer shell was exhibited, the parts being reassembled after shipment. Eastern people refused to accept the exhibit as part of a single tree and called it the “California Hoax.” It took 2 men 9 days to chop down the tree. Its upper trunk is the scarred log down slope from the Grant Tree. Ladies from a nearby logging camp used to conduct Sunday school services for their children upon the stump. — Map (db m44327) HM|
|California (Tulare County), Lodgepole Village — For the Good of the Giants|
|Try to imagine yourself standing here in the 1950’s. You would have been surrounded by cars. Engine noise and exhaust would have overridden your impressions of the giant trees. Almost 100 cabins and motel units would have faced you from across the road.
Development in the Giant Forest began long ago. As early as the 1890’s people began building here. Campgrounds, hotels, shops, a post office, park headquarters, parking lots, a gas station, and a sewage treatment plant all stood on the roots . . . — Map (db m44311) HM|
|California (Tuolumne County), Groveland — In Memory of David Erickson|
|A U.S. Forest Service crew leader from Siskiyou County, Calif. lost his life while fighting the Stanislaus Complex Fire which destroyed 147,000 acres. For the love of the forest he gave the ultimate sacrifice September 11, 1987.
Sit and rest awhile • listen to the pines whisper in the light wind • gaze at the trees and look upward where branches reach the sky • where clouds pass by and day turns to night • where memories are everlasting. — Map (db m905) HM|
|California (Tuolumne County), Tuolumne — Westside Flume & Lumber Company — 1889 - 1962|
|May 31, 1889 Henry J. Crocker, Wellington Gregg, Thomas Bullock and Charles Gardner formed the Westside Flume and Lumber Company, for a total cost of 361,000.00 dollars. The mill was built, and by the end of the year was in operation, and by 1900 was producing 18,000 board feet of lumber per day.
In 1925 Westside was sold to Pickering Lumber Co. and after the Depression in 1934 Westside was back in control and continued to operate until April 19, 1962 when a strike and a devastating fire shut the mill down for the last time. — Map (db m7560) HM|
|California (Ventura County), Newbury Park — 30/34 — Stagecoach Inn and Sycamore Tree|
|"The hotel was built by James Hammell as the Grand Union Hotel in 1876 and was often called the "Conejo" or "Big" Hotel. In 1885, the site was purchased by Cecil Haigh. In 1965, his grandson, H. Allen Hays, donated 4 acres and the hotel to the community and it was moved to its present site because of the construction of the freeway. The hotel has also functioned as a school, post office, steak house, church, gift shop and movie set. The sycamore tree was cited due to its great "age, size and formation." — Map (db m51562) HM|
|Colorado (El Paso County), Colorado Springs — A Plentiful Harvest|
|The abundant seeds of piñon and juniper trees draw wildlife to this ecosystem like a magnet. Chipmunks, foxes, piñon mice and squirrels munch the blue or copper-colored juniper berries. The berries last through the winter. They provide food for hungry robins, waxwings and Townsend’s solitares.
Scrub Jays and Clark’s nucrackers collect the large piñon nuts and store, or caches, them for winter use. Piñon jays can transport up to 60 seeds at one time in their throats!
Humans also enjoy piñon . . . — Map (db m45982) HM|
|Colorado (El Paso County), Colorado Springs — Rock Ledge Ranch Historic Site|
Rock ledge Ranch Historic Site is a living history museum that allows visitors to experience the lives of the people who dwelled, worked, hunted, herded and raised families here from the 1700s to the early 20th century. This beautiful landscape comes to life through the eyes and actions of historical interpreters dressed in clothing of the times, telling stories, demonstrating the work, play, food, music, culture and lifestyles of the early residents of the people of the Pikes . . . — Map (db m46002) HM|
|Colorado (El Paso County), Colorado Springs — Take a Closer Look...Alpine/Subalpine Life Zone|
|Alpine and subalpine tundra is the low-growing vegetation found in the “land above the trees.” At this high elevation, the climate is harsh with searing winds, intense sunlight and frigid temperatures that limit the growing season. In spite of these conditions, an amazing array of hardy, yet fragile, wildflowers thrive at elevations above 11,000 feet. Look for bright blue alpine forget-me-nots, bold yellow sunflowers, and other tundra plants that are well-adapted to the weather . . . — Map (db m45927) HM|
|Colorado (Jefferson County), Golden — Farming|
|Since 1859 Clear Creek has provided water through irrigation ditches to farmers east of Golden. Many such ditches were dug in the 1800s, including the Welch Ditch (originally Vasquez Ditch), Church Ditch (originally Golden City & Ralston Creek Ditch), Agricultural Ditch, Rocky Mountain Ditch (originally Table Mountain Ditch, Wanamaker Ditch, Swadley Ditch, Wadsworth Ditch, Croke Canal, and Oulette Ditch.|
These irrigation ditches turned what had been called the “Great American . . . — Map (db m51912) HM
|Colorado (La Plata County), Durango — Lime Creek Burn 1879|
|This man-caused forest fire burned 26,000 acres consuming approximately 150,000,000 board-feet of timber. Reforestation by direct seeding and planting of seedling trees was started in 1911 and continues today.
The project was financed by federal funds and contributions from the conservation-minded Colorado Federation of Women's Clubs. — Map (db m58966) HM|
|Connecticut (Hartford County), Hartford — Charter Oak Monument|
|Near This Spot
Memorable in the History
Colony of Connecticut
As The Hiding Place Of The
October 31, 1687
The Tree Fell
August 21, 1856
[ back ]
Erected by The
Society of Colonial Wars
The State of Connecticut
1633 1775 — Map (db m52339) HM|
|Connecticut (Hartford County), Hartford — Scion of the Charter Oak|
|Scion of the Charter Oak
Planted 19 October 1871 by
First Company Governor's Foot Guard
White Oak (Quercus atba L)
In the earliest days the great oak served both as a council tree and agricultural guide for Native Americans. The annual spring planting of corn would not begin until the great tree's leaves were the size of a mouse's ear thus ensuring proper soil temperature and germination. The venerable oak was considered both sacred and sagacious.
Connecticut received its charter from . . . — Map (db m64924) HM|
|Connecticut (Hartford County), Hartford — Theodore Wirth|
Superintendent Hartford Parks
1896 - 1905
Elizabeth Park Rose Garden
To whom this rose bed is dedicated
and for whom it will be maintained
as long as the park is here and people
love roses . . . forever
Conrad L. Wirth 1992 — Map (db m44111) HM|
|Connecticut (Hartford County), New Britain — Frederick Law Olmstead|
|Frederick Law Olmstead 1822 – 1903
Landscape architect Frederick Law Olmstead, the nineteenth century visionary who founded the profession of landscape architecture, is responsible for the overall design of Walnut Hill Park. Influenced by the parks of Europe and his native New England landscape, the design for Walnut Hill Park was typical of his work, creating a rural experience in the city. Although many components of the design were not carried out, the park owes its overall character . . . — Map (db m41759) HM|
|Connecticut (Hartford County), Wethersfield — Wethersfield Elm|
The Wethersfield Elm
Largest Of Its Kind — Map (db m46121) HM|
|Connecticut (Litchfield County), Cornwall — Scion of the Charter Oak|
|In Memory Of
Lewis S. Gannett
Scion Of The
April 23, 1966
Historical Society — Map (db m41825) HM|
|Connecticut (Litchfield County), Roxbury — The Orzech Family Preserve|
|This 112-Acre Parcel Has Been Preserved
Since Sept. 11, 2002
By The Roxbury Land Trust
Edward F. and Elizabeth M. Orzech
Whose Family Established Their Farm Here
In 1924 — Map (db m42529) HM|
|Connecticut (New Haven County), Ansonia — Charter Oak Seedling|
| In observance of the U.S. Bicentennial, Elizabeth Clarke Hull Chapter NSDAR marks the site of a Charter Oak seedling given to the City of Ansonia Oct. 27, 1966, by former Mayor Frank P. Fitzpatrick
May 15, 1976 — Map (db m25407) HM|
|Connecticut (New Haven County), East Haven — Site of the Theodore Roosevelt Oak|
|This is the Site Of
The Theodore Roosevelt Oak
Given by The
President of The United States
To the Town of East Haven
On May 1, 1908
The East Haven Women's Club
1965 — Map (db m35580) HM|
|Connecticut (New Haven County), New Haven — Pardee Rose Garden|
|Pardee Rose Garden
Planted and Maintained under
the Will and Bequest of
William Scranton Pardee
of this City as a
lasting Memorial of his Mother
Nancy Maria English Pardee
MCMXXII — Map (db m34721) HM|
|Delaware (Kent County), Dover — An Army of Restoration (CCC)|
|To provide employment and vocational training for youthful citizens of the United States…through the performance of useful public work in connection with the conservation and development of the natural resources of the United States and its possessions. (CCC Federal Enacting Legislation, 1933)
During the dark days of the Great Depression, the Civilian Conservation Corps conserved some of America’s most precious natural resources—its land and young men. Between 1933 and 1942, this . . . — Map (db m4491) HM|
|Delaware (New Castle County), Wilmington — NC-121 — Cool Spring Park|
|With the completion of Cool Spring Reservoir in 1877, an adjoining parcel of unused land was reserved for park purposes. Formally designated as Cool Spring Park, the grounds were managed by the Wilmington Water Department until 1967, when the City Parks Department assumed responsibility. The reservoir and park were named for the natural springs of the area. Cool Spring was also the name of the nearby home of Caesar A. Rodney, a member of Congress and United States Attorney General in the . . . — Map (db m10917) HM|
|Delaware (Sussex County), Milton — SC-165 — The Holly Industry|
|Since ancient times the holly tree has been a decorative symbol of the winter holiday season. The abundant growth of this colorful evergreen in Delaware resulted in the establishment of a major export industry during the first half of the 20th century. Considered the last cash crop of the growing season, the harvest and sale of holly and other seasonal greenery provided many rural families with much-needed income. By the 1930s, Delaware was the leading producer in the nation. The importance of . . . — Map (db m37399) HM|
|District of Columbia, Washington — Tupelo Tree — (Nyssa Sylvatica)|
| This & neighboring trees were
From all parts of the country
Camp Fire Girls
At a National Conservation Rally
April 12, 1936 in memory of
Dr. Luther H. Gulick
First President — Map (db m65020) HM|
|District of Columbia (Washington), Downtown — The National Christmas Tree|
| At 5:00 p.m. on Christmas Eve, 1923, President Calvin Coolidge walked from the White House to the Ellipse and “pushed the button” to light the first National Christmas Tree. A crowd of 3,000 witnessed the inaugural lighting of the 48-foot, cut Balsam fir, donated by Middlebury College, Vermont. For the next thirty years, live trees were lit at various locations on or near the White House grounds. Finally, in 1954, the ceremony returned to the Ellipse.
Cut trees served as . . . — Map (db m61678) HM|
|District of Columbia (Washington), Downtown — White House Kitchen Garden|
| ”. . . Now I shall plant, if at all, more for the public than for myself.”
John Quincy Adams, diary entry for July 5, 1826, shortly before beginning the first major planting program at the White House. Massachusetts Historical Society
During his eight years as president (1801-09), Thomas Jefferson hired the White House’s first gardener, whose duties included the cultivation of a kitchen garden. However, it was not until 1825, when John Quincy Adams . . . — Map (db m61677) HM|
|District of Columbia (Washington), Northeast — “The President’s Trees”|
|Dedicated by Maryland State Society, Daughters of the American Revolution, April 21, 1934. Growing on land that was once a part of Maryland and was in 1790 her gift to the United States of America for the national capitol, the 31 trees in this group have been dedicated to our 31 presidents by the 31 chapters of the Maryland D. A. R. as a part of the tercentenary celebration of the founding of the state. Soil from Maryland’s historic spots have been placed at the base of each tree. — Map (db m4893) HM|
|District of Columbia (Washington), Northeast — Morrison Azalea Garden|
|Assembled in this garden is a permanent collection of the Glenn Dale Hybrid Azaleas, originated, selected, and named by B. Y. Morrison, first Director of the U.S. National Arboretum. — Map (db m966) HM|
|District of Columbia (Washington), Southwest — Enid A. Haupt Garden|
| Panel 1: Enid A. Haupt Garden. A popular urban oasis since its completion in 1987, the 4.2-acre Enid A. Haupt Garden comprises three distinct gardens. The design of each reflects the cultural and aesthetic influences celebrated in the Smithsonian Castle and the surrounding museums.
The Moongate Garden (1) next to the Arthur M. Sackler Gallery, draws design inspiration from the Temple of Heaven, a 15th century religious complex in China. The Victorian–style Parterre . . . — Map (db m46666) HM|
|District of Columbia (Washington), The National Mall — Andrew Jackson Downing|
|[Inscription on urn pedestal, 1856]:
This vase was erected by his friends in memory of
ANDREW JACKSON DOWNING
who died July 28, 1852, aged 37 years.
He was born, and lived, and died upon the Hudson River. His life was devoted to the improvement of the national taste in rural art, an office for which his genius and the natural beauty amidst which he lived had fully endowed him.
His success was as great as his genius, and for the death of few public men was public . . . — Map (db m46600) HM|
|District of Columbia (Washington), The National Mall — Bald Cypress — [Native American Agriculture] — [U.S. Department of Agriculture]|
This tree commemorates the many contributions Native Americans have made to American agriculture, plants domesticated and harvested by Native Americans in the New World still make up a significant proportion of all vegetables produced worldwide.
November 18, 1988
Richard E. Lyng
Secretary of Agriculture — Map (db m47743) HM|
|District of Columbia (Washington), The National Mall — Petrified Wood — Araucarioxylon Arizonicum Knowlton — Triassic Period|
|about 200 million years old Found near Petrified Forest National Park, Arizona Contributors: Mr. and Mrs. James M. Gray Mr. and Mrs. Herbert Zuhl City of Holbrook, Arizona — Map (db m54063) HM|
|District of Columbia (Washington), The Tidal Basin — Japanese Pagoda|
|Admired by thousands each year, the Japanese Pagoda arrived in Washington, not as a gift from one nation to another, but as a gift from one man to another. In 1957, Ryozo Hiranuma, the Mayor of Yokohama and a visitor to Washington, DC four years prior, gave this pagoda to former District Commissioner Renah Camalier. However, Camalier felt the gift belonged to the people of the District of Columbia and placed it among the Japanese cherry trees. A year later, on April 21, 1958, the pagoda was . . . — Map (db m309) HM|
|District of Columbia (Washington), The Tidal Basin — The 1912 Cherry Tree Plantings|
|Historic Trees. You are standing near two of the most important cherry trees in Washington, D.C. These Yoshino Cherries (Prunus x yedoensis) are among the 3,700 trees of various species that grow in East and West Potomac Park and on the Washington Monument grounds. On March 27, 1912, First Lady Helen Taft joined Viscountess Chinda, wife of the Japanese Ambassador to the United States, on this spot to plant these two trees. Located nearby, a stone bearing a bronze plaque commemorates . . . — Map (db m215) HM|
|District of Columbia (Washington), The Tidal Basin — The First Japanese Cherry Trees|
|The first Japanese Cherry Trees, presented to the City of Washington as a gesture of friendship and good will by the City of Tokyo, were planted on this site, March 27, 1912. — Map (db m54912) HM|
|District of Columbia (Washington), Tidal Basin — The Gift of Trees - The 1910 Shipment — National Mall and Memorial Parks|
| The Gift of Trees Flowering cherry trees – which bloom profusely but do not bear edible fruit – were not common in the United States in 1900. American visitors to Japan found their beauty remarkable and journalist Eliza Scidmore was inspired to have these trees planted in Washington, D.C. She and David Fairchild, a botanist at the Department of Agriculture and plant explorer, were interested in beautifying the city’s landscape. In 1909, the project was endorsed at the highest . . . — Map (db m61837) HM|
|Florida (Alachua County), Micanopy — F-75 — William Bartram Trail — 1739 ~ 1823|
|The great Quaker naturalist of Philadelphia made a long journey through the southeastern states in the 1770's collecting botanical specimens. In May, 1774, he visited the Seminole Chief, Cowkeeper, at the Indian village of Cuscowilla located near this spot. His book, "Travels...", provided the earliest reliable account of North Florida landscape, flora, fauna, and Indian life and his vivid images of local scenes inspired Coleridge, Wordsworth, and Emerson. — Map (db m48676) HM|
|Florida (Alachua County), near Fairbanks — F- 516 — Turpentine Industry Community and Family|
The naval stores industry was important to maritime power worldwide. Pine tar and pitch were used to seal wooden ships and protect sails and rigging. When settlers came to America - in Florida (1565), in Virginia (1607) and in Massachusetts (1620) - they found vast pine forests with resinous tar and pitch, a scarce commodity for European competitors with
wooden fleets. Settlers at first produced pine pitch and tar by distilling resin-soaked fat pine wood from dead tree . . . — Map (db m42012) HM|
|Florida (Alachua County), Newberry — William Bartram Trail — Traced 1773 - 1777 — Deep South Region|
| Blue Sink
Visited by William Bartram, America's first naturalist, in 1774.
Erected by Newberry Garden Club in cooperation with Dist. V. FFGC National Council of State Garden Clubs, Inc.
Fla. Dept. of Transportation — Map (db m48684) HM|
|Florida (Escambia County), Century — Century, Florida / Alger Railroad|
| Century, Florida Founded in 1900 to house mill employees of the Alger-Sullivan Lumber Company, formed in 1900 by General Russell A. Alger - Governor of Michigan, U.S. Senator, and President McKinley's Secretary of War - and by Martin H. Sullivan of Pensacola. Edward A. Hauss led the company from 1901 to 1957 and pioneered in reforestation to perpetuate timber resources. Century and Alger recall the names Colonel Frank Hecker, Henry Glover, George E. Glover, A.W. Ranney, John Millen, . . . — Map (db m46693) HM|
|Florida (Levy County), Gulf Hammock — Patterson-McInnis Train|
| This locomotive, known locally as "Three Spot", often pulled 30 to 40 cars as it transported logs from area woodlands to the Patterson-McInnis Sawmill. Originally a wood burning engine thought to be built around 1915, it was converted to steam during its service, which ended about World War II. The locomotive was donated to Levy County by the Paterson-McInnis Lumber Company in 1969 and maintained by the Florida Department of Transportation in the Gulf Hammock Wayside Park. — Map (db m19402) HM|
|Florida (Liberty County), Bristol — F-46 — Torreya Tree|
|In this vicinity on the Apalachicola River, Hardy Bryan Croom, pioneer Florida planter and botanist, discovered one of the rarest of coniferous trees, Torreya taxifolia circa 1835, and named it for Dr. John Torrey, prominent American botanist. Only four other species exist, but they are in the widely separated areas of China, Japan, and California. Croom’s promising botanical career ended in 1837 when he perished in the wreck of the steamship “Home” off Cape Hatteras. — Map (db m17753) HM|
|Florida (Madison County), Madison — Steam Engine of the Florida Manufacturing Company|
|Across Range Street, this Unit was used in Cotton and Peanut processing until 1919 and later carried to Taylor County for use in the Lumber Industry. With a 5-foot Piston Stroke and a 16-foot Drive Wheel, this 500 HP Engine pulled 65 Gins in the World's Largest Sea Island Cotton Processing Plant. It was given to the Society by Earl Lee Loughridge and installed by Jesse Hughey and Paul McClune. — Map (db m17752) HM|
|Florida (Miami-Dade County), Miami — 70000181 — Vizcaya|
|This property has been placed on the National Register of Historic Places by the United States Department of the Interior — Map (db m63817) HM|
|Florida (Nassau County), Fernandina Beach — William Bartram Trail — Traced 1773-1777 — Deep South Region|
|In 1774, William Bartram, famed
Colonial Naturalist, visited
Amelia Island and recorded the
flora and fauna of the area. — Map (db m58405) HM|
|Florida (Orange County), Orlando — Mathew Robinson Marks|
|In Memory of Mathew Robinson Marks Mayor of Orlando 1889-1890 through whose vision the planting of our magnificent shade trees was inaugurated. A.D. 1925 — Map (db m6914) HM|
|Florida (Osceola County), Yeehaw Junction — F-369 — Desert Inn|
|The Desert Inn was founded as a trading post in the late 1880s. The present building dates before 1925 and served as a supply and recreational center for cattle drovers, lumber men and tourists during the era when much of Osceola County was still undeveloped wilderness. Cowmen working the free ranging cattle on the palmetto prairie and lumber men cutting timber in the nearby pine lands came to the Desert Inn to eat, drink, and dance at this “oasis” where they could enjoy some relief . . . — Map (db m3256) HM|
|Florida (Pasco County), Lumberton — The Tucker Cemetery|
|This oldest cemetery in Pasco County has existed since before 1855. Thomas and Sarah Tucker settled in the area about 1842 and in 1845 planted the county's first orange grove. Family history records an earlier generation of Tuckers lived in the vicinity about 1790. The surrounding community was called Tuckertown until the railroad came through and the name was changed to Richland. The entire front section of the cemetery property was deeded to Pasco County as a burying place for indigents in . . . — Map (db m13677) HM|
|Florida (Pinellas County), Safety Harbor — “The Baranoff Oak”|
|This tree is reportedly the oldest living Live Oak Tree in Pinellas County and is estimated to be between 300 to 500 years old. This grand oak tree is registered with The Live Oak Society of the Louisiana Garden Club Federation, Inc. — Map (db m3244) HM|
|Florida (Pinellas County), Safety Harbor — Odet Philippe — Born Lyon, France, 1787 — Died at this Site 1869|
|As the first European settler in Pinellas County he established St. Helena Plantation, now Philippe Park Philippe was the first to cultivate grapefruit in Florida and introduced cigar-making to Tampa His descendants populated this frontier. He was said to be a doctor and of noble birth. — Map (db m13637) HM|
|Florida (Pinellas County), Safety Harbor — Philippe Park|
|On this promontory Count Odet Philippe, a native of Lyon, France, and surgeon in the French Armed Forces under Napoleon Bonaparte settled in 1842, arriving at this point in his sailing vessel "The Ney." In this area he established St. Helena, his plantation, and upon it he was the first to adapt the grapefruit to Florida culture. Here he raised a large family, many descendants of which now reside in Pinellas County. He pioneered in the development of this area and endowed this site with a . . . — Map (db m13639) HM|
|Florida (Polk County), Mulberry — Historical Citrus Planting|
|Historical Citrus Planting March 14, 1959. Site of first experimental planting of citrus on reclaimed phosphate mining land. The project was originated and executed by William James Menear, land manager, Virginia-Carolina Chemical Corporation. — Map (db m4980) HM|
|Florida (Polk County), Mulberry — The Mulberry Tree|
|This tree replaces the original hundred year old tree that was the "mail drop" for the Bone Valley area before the city of Mulberry, "The Phospate Center of the World" was incorporated in 1901. — Map (db m4981) HM|
|Florida (Putnam County), Palatka — William Bartram Trail — Traced 1773-1777 — Deep South Region|
|William Bartram, botanist, artist, naturalist, humanist, explored this area and headquartered near here in 1774. — Map (db m3248) HM|
|Florida (Saint Johns County), Picolata — William Bartram Trail — Traced 1773-1777 — Deep South Region|
|At Fort Picolata, Nov. 18, 1765,
William Bartram and his father John
saw Creek Indian Treaty signed and
began their Florida plants survey.
The Wildflower Garden Club of District IV
In loving memory of Lorraine Ridge
In cooperation with
Florida Federation of Garden Clubs, Inc., and
The Woman's Club of St. Augustine, Fla. — Map (db m42235) HM|
|Florida (Saint Johns County), Switzerland — William Bartram Trail — Traced 1773 - 1777 — Deep South Region|
My chief happiness consisted
in tracing and admiring the
infinite power, majesty, and
perfection of the Creator. — Map (db m61818) HM|
|Florida (Sarasota County), Laurel — Laurel Turpentine and Lumber Industry|
|The naval stores industry provided employment for workers leaving the plantation system following the Civil War. Some laborers were leased by private companies from state or county prisons. This leasing system brought about conditions of peonage to many workers. Following public outcry the state legislature prohibited the leasing of convicts. Turpentine processing and lumber milling reached this area around 1910. One of the early stills and prisoner stockades operated by the Hall and Harrison . . . — Map (db m11815) HM|
|Florida (Seminole County), Longwood — William Bartram Trail — Traced 1773-1777 — Deep South Region|
|"In 1774, William Bartram, famed Naturalist, camped near here and identified a wide variety of native plants and wildlife." — Map (db m52356) HM|
|Florida (Seminole County), Sanford — F-5 — Henry Shelton Sanford — Grove and Experimental Gardens|
|In this vicinity Henry Shelton Sanford, pioneer citrus grower, established the St. Gertrude grove in 1871. There, and at his Belair grove and experimental gardens, he advanced the industry through development of some 140 types of citrus. The Sanford gardens experimented with other tropical fruits, planting 30,000 exotic trees from South America and Africa. Much of the labor in the groves was performed by Swedish immigrants who settled at nearby New Upsala. — Map (db m52220) HM|
|Florida (St. Johns County), Green Cove Springs — F-514 — William Bartram's Plantation|
|In 1766 on the banks of the St. Johns River at Little Florence Cove, William Bartram attempted to farm a 500-acre land grant. Bartram had spent much of the previous year exploring the new British Colony of East Florida with his father, John Bartram, the Royal Botanist for America under King George III. When John Bartram returned home, near Philadelphia, the younger Bartram stayed in Florida. He hoped like many other settlers to make a fortune exporting cash crops such as indigo and rice. Using . . . — Map (db m48683) HM|
|Florida (Volusia County), DeLand — The Opera House — 1910|
|This corner was the site of DeLand's first newspaper, The Volusia County Herald, first published on May 10, 1877 by Henry DeLand. It was succeeded in 1878 by The Agriculturalist, edited by Col. C. C. Codrington, Gov. General of the West Indies, who escaped with his family during a native uprising in 1870. With his newspaper, Codrington became important to the development of semi-tropic agricultural in Florida. From these two early newspapers came the E.O. Painter Printing Company, . . . — Map (db m45727) HM|
|Georgia (Baldwin County), Milledgeville — 005-10 — Birthplace of Charles Holmes Herty — (1867-1938)|
|Charles Holmes Herty, one of America’s outstanding chemists, was born on this site December 4, 1867. He spent his early life in Milledgeville where he attended the Middle Georgia Agricultural and Military College (now Georgia College). Later he studied at John(sic) Hopkins and at European universities. Aided by his efforts, American chemistry became a giant industrial enterprise, and the Georgia pine became a valuable raw product in this new industry. — Map (db m36294) HM|
|Georgia (Baldwin County), Milledgeville — Dr Charles Holmes Herty Statesman -Chemist|
|Dr Charles Holmes Herty
Born on this spot
Dec 4 ,1867
By his leadership
He had made America
Chemically self sufficient
He has unselfishly
Given his time and
Talent to develop
Georgia's natural resources
This marker placed
By friends of
His native home
January 25,1934 — Map (db m48108) HM|
|Georgia (Bibb County), Macon — 011-11 — First Public Camellia Show|
|After a revival of interest in camellias, the first public Camellia Show in the U.S. was held Feb. 5, 1932 at Burden-Smith & Co. At the suggestion of Henry T. Conner, immediately after the show, the Azalea and Camellia Soc. of America, forerunner of the American Camellia Soc., was formed with 48 charter members. Maconites serving as officers -- all of whom, with the Vineville Garden Club, directed the show -- were T. J. Stewart, James H. Porter. Dr. W. G. Lee, Henry T. Conner. J. G. Bailie of . . . — Map (db m49669) HM|
|Georgia (Bulloch County), Statesboro — 016-2B — Bulloch County|
|Bulloch County was created by Act. of Feb. 8, 1776 from Bryan and Screven Counties. Originally, it contained part of Evans, Candler, Emanuel and Jenkins Counties. It was named for Archibald Bulloch (1730-1777), Revolutionary leader, elected Pres. of the Executive Council of Georgia, Jan. 20, 1776. He was first Provisional Governor of Georgia, Jan. 22, 1776 until his death, Feb. 22, 1777.
First County officers, commissioned March 25, 1796, were: Charles McCall, Jr., Sheriff; Andrew E. Wells, . . . — Map (db m10401) HM|
|Georgia (Bulloch County), Statesboro — 016-8 — Pioneer Turpentining Experiment|
|Dr. Charles Holmes Herty of the University of Georgia Chemistry Department conducted experiments in this forest that revolutionized the naval stores industry in America. Inspired by conservative gum resin gathering methods in Europe, Dr. Herty devised a method using metal gutters and a cup for gathering resin from pine trees. This system was designed to replace the centuries old method of "boxing" or cutting a collection box in the living tree. Boxing had proved disastrous to southern forests. . . . — Map (db m10632) HM|
|Georgia (Butts County), Jackson — 018-8 — Home of Robert Grier — »— 1 mi.—→|
|Robert Grier, astronomer and founder of "Grier’s Almanac", and his family lived about one mile from here and are buried in a family cemetery near the home.
Robert Grier was born in 1780 at his father’s home in Taliaferro Co. He attended Old Union Academy in Greene Co., studying mathematics and astronomy under his uncle.
“Grier’s Almanac” was first published in 1807 as “The Georgia and South Carolina Almanack”. Published continuously since its founding, it . . . — Map (db m21337) HM|
|Georgia (Camden County), Kings Bay — 020-12 — Tabby Sugar Works of John Houston McIntosh|
|These are the ruins of a tabby sugar works built by John Houston McIntosh at New Canaan Plantation soon after 1825. In his sugar house McIntosh installed what was, according to Thomas Spalding, the first horizontal cane mill worked by cattle power.
McIntosh, born in 1773 in what is now McIntosh County, settled in East Florida as a young man and became a leader of a group of American citizens who, during the War of 1812, plotted the annexation of East Florida to the United States. This plot . . . — Map (db m21289) HM|
|Georgia (Camden County), St. Marys — 020-4 — First Pecan Trees Grown Here About 1840 — ←|
|Grown from pecan nuts found floating at sea by Capt. Samuel F. Flood and planted by his wife, nee Rebecca Grovenstine, on Block 47.
The remainder of these nuts were planted by St. Joseph Sebastian Arnow in the north half of Block 26.
These first plantings produced large and heavy-bearing trees, as did their nuts and shoots in turn. Taken from St. Marys to distant points throughout southeastern states they became famous before the Texas pecans were generally known. — Map (db m14398) HM|
|Georgia (Chatham County), Savannah — 25-10 — Forsyth Park|
|In the 1840s, William Brown Hodgson (1801-1871) conceived the idea of setting aside ten acres of wooded land at this site for development of Savannah's first recreational park. It was named for former Georgia Governor John Forsyth (1780-1841). William Bischoff created the original landscape design. In the early 1850s improvements to the park included removal of some pines for walkways and ornamental plantings, benches, and iron fencing around the perimeter. In 1854 the fountain and radiating . . . — Map (db m6092) HM|
|Georgia (Chatham County), Savannah — The Invention of the Cotton Gin|
|This creative development which was responsible for the survival of the cotton industry in the United States occurred on General Nathaniel Greene's plantation near Savannah, 10 miles northeast of this marker. Separation by hand labor of the lint from the seed of the desired upland variety of cotton produced only one pound per day per person.
Eli Whitney, a native of Massachusetts and Yale Law Graduate, came to Georgia to teach school in late 1792, at age 27. Mrs. Catherine Greene, widow of . . . — Map (db m13521) HM|
|Georgia (Chatham County), Savannah — William Bartram Trail — Traced 1773-1777 — Deep South Region|
|In 1765 John and William Bartram, naturalists, began an extended trail from Savannah through Georgia and left a legacy of impressions. — Map (db m5087) HM|
|Georgia (Clarke County), Athens — 029-9 — America’s First Garden Club|
|In I891 at this site, the Ladies Garden Club was founded by twelve Athens ladies in the home of Mrs. E. K. Lumpkin. Mrs. Lamar Cobb was the first president. Beginning as a small neighborhood group, the club extended membership to all Athens ladies interested in gardening in 1892.
In the spring of 1892 the group presented its first flower and vegetable exhibition. By 1894 a set of standards, similar to those of today, had been drawn up to make the shows as professional as possible. . . . — Map (db m39083) HM|
|Georgia (Clarke County), Athens — First Garden Club — 1891|
|Founders’ Memorial Garden which commemorates the founders of America’s first garden club. The Ladies Garden Club organized in 1891, Athens, Georgia. This garden was developed on University of Georgia campus by University’s Landscape Architecture Department and the Garden Club of Georgia. — Map (db m35108) HM|
|Georgia (Clarke County), Athens — William Bartram Trail — Traced 1773-1777 — Deep South Region|
|Eminent artist -- naturalist.
Described numerous species of
flora including Franklinia.
Explored local area in 1773. — Map (db m9147) HM|
|Georgia (Clay County), Fort Gaines — 030-3 — Historic Sites|
|DILL HOUSE ~ John Dill (1788-1856) of S.C., military aide to Gen. Gaines, commander of Fort Gaines, and leading pioneer citizen, is said to have built this, “the finest home on the frontier,” with money his wife had saved while a captive of the Indians. Hoarding and hiding paper money, which her captors discarded after raids, she took it with her when she fled to freedom. The original part of the house, now a hotel, contains elaborate mantles and intricate carvings. Gen. Dill . . . — Map (db m47203) HM|
|Georgia (Crawford County), Knoxville — William Bartram Trail — Traced 1773-1777 — Deep South Region|
|In July 1774 William Bartram camped nearby at “a beautiful large brook”, Sweet Water, on a trek from Augusta to Cusetta. — Map (db m12266) HM|
|Georgia (Crawford County), Roberta — William Bartram Trail — Traced 1773-1777 — Deep South Region|
|In 1774 William Bartram passed through what is now Roberta, after camping at Sweetwater and finding a new hydrangea. — Map (db m12265) HM|
|Georgia (Crawford County), Sandy Point — William Bartram Trail — Traced 1773-1777 — Deep South Region|
|In July 1774 William Bartram entered Crawford County here, site of Marshall's Mill, going on to Knoxville, Roberta, and Cusetta. — Map (db m59559) HM|
|Georgia (Crisp County), Cordele — The William Adkins’ Live Oak Tree|
|Spreading its limbs over 100 feet, this Live Oak has comforted and delighted generations of visitors. passerby and owners of the William Adkins Plantation Home.
The Crisp-Dooly Forestry Department measurerd this tree in 1976. It was 56 inches in diameter, over 15 feet in circumference and estimated to be over 160 years old. — Map (db m9134) HM|
|Georgia (Decatur County), Attapulgus — Gragg Lumber Company|
In 1926, brothers John, Earl, Wayne and Gilbert Gragg came from North Carolina to establish a sawmill six tenths of a mile north of here on the east side of Amsterdam Road. As the Gragg Lumber Co., they leased cutting rights on 16,000 acres owned by American Sumatra Tobacco Company. They harvested timber with portable sawmills and hauled lumber to their dry kiln and plane mill for five years. They built their “dream mill”, incorporating modern band saws, . . . — Map (db m56071) HM|
|Georgia (Decatur County), Brinson — Cyrene / Cyrene Institute|
|(Side 1): Cyrene
Approximately 1.6 miles north of this location is the village of Cyrene. Founded about 1890 by C. S. Hodges and W. G. Powell, Cyrene was typical of the many mill towns established along the railroad to utilize the vast forests of Southern Pine. Naval stores and lumber were the primary products taken from these forests. At one time, the village had a post office, sawmill, turpentine still, cotton gin, commissaries and about 500 inhabitants. After the loss of . . . — Map (db m55958) HM|
|Georgia (Dodge County), Chauncey — 045-3 — Normandale — 1868-1896|
|Normandale was named for Norman W. Dodge, one of seven sons of William E. Dodge, for whom Dodge County was named in 1870. The home of over 500 people, Normandale was headquarters of the Dodge Land & Lumber Company which was established after the Civil War using questionable deeds. The company claimed over 300 square miles of the finest longleaf yellow pine in the world. The area included the counties of Telfair, Dodge, Laurens, Montgomery, and Pulaski. Settlers had earlier claimed most of the . . . — Map (db m57283) HM|
|Georgia (Effingham County), Rincon — William Bartram Trail — Traced 1773-1777 — Deep South Region|
|John and William Bartram, naturalists, explored Ebenezer and Effinham County on their Savannah~ Augusta Travels. — Map (db m7376) HM|
|Georgia (Glynn County), Broadfield — 063-23 — Hopeton-on-the-Altamaha — Home of James Hamilton Couper »— 1.4 mi. →|
|Hopeton Plantation, of which Altama is a part, lies about 1.4 miles West of here. A model rice and sugar Plantation of the early 19th century, described in books by several travelers from Europe, Hopeton is best remembered as the home of James Hamilton Couper. "A pioneer in the agricultural and industrial development of Georgia and the South,"James Hamilton Couper was an archaeologist, a geologist, a conchologist, architect and historian -- a man whose abilities and accomplishments would be recognized in any time. — Map (db m12128) HM|
|Georgia (Glynn County), St Simons Island — 063-6 — Old Spanish Garden|
|Spain maintained missions along this coast for more than a century. Beginning in 1568 Jesuit and, later, Franciscan missionaries labored to Christianize the Indians and cultivated in the mission gardens figs, peaches, oranges and other plants introduced from Europe. Due to Indian uprisings, pirate raids and British depredations these missions were removed further south in 1686.
A map of St, Simons Island made in 1739 by Capt. John Thomas, engineer in Oglethorpe`s Regiment, locates an
"Old . . . — Map (db m12430) HM|
|Georgia (Glynn County), St Simons Island — William Bartram Trail — Traced 1773-1777 — Deep South Region|
|In 1774 William Bartram came to Frederica. He explored St. Simons Island and noted the flora and beautiful live oaks. — Map (db m11639) HM|
|Georgia (Haralson County), Waco — 071-2 — Hungarian Colony|
|In 1888, three wine-making communities were founded here on some 2000 acres. A local land developer, Ralph L. Spencer, invited some 200 Hungarian wine-making families to settle this region. They named their largest community BUDAPEST, in honor of the capital of Hungary. The village of TOKAJ recalled the famous wine-making region of Hungary, and NYITRA was named after an ancient fort in the northern region of their homeland. Homes, streets, shops, a school, a Catholic church, a cemetery and . . . — Map (db m11137) HM|
|Georgia (Harris County), Pine Mountain — Callaway Gardens|
Callaway Gardens was founded in 1952 by Cason Callaway, Sr. and his wife Virginia Callaway, for the purpose of preserving the native flora of the southern United Sates in a natural setting for the public to enjoy. At one time, this area was marginal farm land, depleted of its natural beauty and vegetation by overuse. The Callaways rebuilt this land into 2,500 acres of trees, shrubs and flowering plants.
Callaway Gardens is owned and operated . . . — Map (db m22837) HM|
|Georgia (Liberty County), Retreat — 089-3 — LeConte Botanical Gardens — »— 5 —→|
|Five miles west of here on the old Post Road, the southern most postal route in America, is the site of the home and botanical garden of Louis LeConte, naturalist, mathematician, and scholar, for whom the famous LeConte Pear was named. A native of New Jersey, Dr. LeConte was married to Ann Quarterman, a member of Midway Church in 1812. He established his famed botanical gardens on his extensive plantation. In his attic he fitted a chemical laboratory which included novelties of a botanical . . . — Map (db m9079) HM|
|Georgia (Liberty County), Riceboro — William Bartram Trail — Traced 1773-1777 — Deep South Region|
| In 1773 William Bartram, here viewed Woodmanston Plantation, later the home of his friend,
Naturalist John E. LeConte. — Map (db m8994) HM|
|Georgia (Liberty County), Riceboro — Woodmanston Plantation|
|Established in 1760 by William and John Eatton LeConte, Woodmanston became one of Georgia`s earliest inland swamp rice plantations. In spite of Indian attacks and marauding armies during the Revolution, Woodmanston prospered.
In 1810 control of Woodmanston passed to Louis LeConte, John Eatton`s son. Louis spent much of his time creating a botanical garden which became world famous for its collection of bulbs and camellias. Louis died in 1838 and his garden was eventually lost.
Two of . . . — Map (db m9020) HM|
|Georgia (Liberty County), Sunbury — The Famous Sunbury "Masonic" Oak|
Northeast of this spot stood the famous Sunbury Oak of early Colonial Masonic legend. The tree is said to have been of tremendous size and provided an ideal
place for safe, comfortable campsites.
The legend of the Sunbury "Masonic" Oak is based on a tradition that has been passed down for generations from the earliest days of the Colony of Georgia. There is a strong belief that Georgia's first Masonic meeting was held under the protective branches of the great oak . . . — Map (db m9481) HM|
|Georgia (Lincoln County), Lincolnton — William Bartram Trail — Traced 1773-1777 — Deep South Region|
|In 1775 took William Bartram to Fort James on the "Petersburg Road" and passed through Lincoln County, parts now covered by Clark Hill Reservoir — Map (db m11509) HM|
|Georgia (Long County), Ludowici — Franklinia Altamaha|
The Franklin Tree (Franklinia Altamaha)
was discovered by John Bartram, the
first Native American Botanist, on
October 1, 1765.It was located about
18 miles south of here in the swamp
lands of the Altamaha River.This tree
was named after Benjamin Franklin and
became famous as the Lost Franklinia
A member of the Camella family, this
flowering tree was last seen growing
wild in 1790. A specimen, transplanted
to Bartram's garden in Philadelphia, Pa.
survived and became the ancestors . . . — Map (db m15083) HM|
|Georgia (Madison County), Danielsville — William Bartram Trail — Traced 1773 – 1777 — Deep South Region|
|Naturalist ~ Artist ~ Historian
Described the rare native plant Nestronia umbellate.
Explored local area in 1773. — Map (db m58490) HM|
|Georgia (McDuffie County), Thomson — William Bartram Trail — Traced 1773-1777 — Deep South Region|
|1773 the Treaty of Augusta
Bartram visited Wrightsborough
He described the view of high hills
and rich vales. He took on supplies. — Map (db m9810) HM|
|Georgia (McIntosh County), Darien — 95-1 — Darien's Railroad and Depot|
|In 1889 the Darien Shortline Railroad was organized to transport yellow pine timber to the Darien sawmills from Georgia`s interior. Originating in Tattnall County and continuing through Liberty County, the Darien & Western line was completed in 1895 to its terminus near this spot where a passenger depot was built, now marked by the gazebo. In 1906 the line was bought by the Georgia Coast & Piedmont Railroad, which extended the line 18 miles south to Brunswick in 1914. The train depot was then . . . — Map (db m11256) HM|
|Georgia (McIntosh County), Darien — 095-23 — General's Island|
|This island was the property of General Lachlan McIntosh by a grant of 1758, and was the principal home of his family up to and during the early years of the Revolution. The island was in rice cultivation for many years.
In 1808, a Canal, called General`s Cut, was dug through the island to connect the Darien River with the middle branch of the Altamaha, "for the convenience of the adjoining planters." This Cut, located a short distance east of here, was later used to ferry between Darien and the southern plantations of the Delta. — Map (db m11281) HM|
|Georgia (McIntosh County), Darien — The Oglethorpe Oak|
|The Oak Under Which
Gen. Oglethorpe Camped
Height, 75 feet
Circumference: 360 feet
Trunk 15 ft 6 in Longest Limb 61 ft.
Average Length of Limbs 50 ft.
Covers 7,600 feet
Will Shelter 5,065 Men
Measured in 1895 — Map (db m12391) HM|
|Georgia (McIntosh County), South Newport — William Bartram Trail — Traced 1773-1777 — Deep South Region|
|Donald McIntosh welcomed William Bartram to his home in 1773, giving him shelter from "A Tremendous Thunderstorm." — Map (db m31646) HM|
|Georgia (Meriwether County), Warm Springs — 099-6 — Longleaf Pine Planting|
|In the early years of Franklin D. Roosevelt’s sojourn in Meriwether County, he observed that no great effort was made to replace trees on cut-over or burnt areas not suitable for agriculture.
As a demonstration of replacement, together with erosion and water-shed control, he devoted a little over five acres of his farm to the planting of 5000 longleaf pine seedlings, in the winter season of 1929-1930.
The plantings were made in the area immediately south of this marker. A tornado in . . . — Map (db m22162) HM|
|Georgia (Meriwether County), Warm Springs — 099-5 — Roosevelt Farm|
|Over 2200 acres atop Pine Mountain were purchased 1926-37, by Franklin D. Roosevelt, some 150 acres of which were pasture and crop land -- the rest in pine and hardwoods. The farm was operated on a self-sustaining basis by adherence to methods consonant with practical farming in this section and emphasis on erosion control, reforestation, cover crops, and general soil conservation. The program embraced animal husbandry -- cattle, hogs, and poultry -- together with fruits and vegetables, as a . . . — Map (db m22231) HM|
|Georgia (Muscogee County), Columbus — William Bartram Trail — Traced 1773-1777 — Deep South Region|
|William Bartram crossed the Chattahoochee (Chata Uche) River January 5, 1778 to Chehaw and Usseta now Columbus. — Map (db m42160) HM|
|Georgia (Rabun County), Clayton — William Bartram Trail — Traced 1773-1777 — Deep South Region|
|In 1775, William Bartram wrote in “Travels” of the flora and fauna of this area as he gathered specimens to ship to London. — Map (db m27943) HM|
|Georgia (Randolph County), Cuthbert — 120-6 — Mother of Georgia's Pecan Industry|
|Recognized officially and designated in 1923 by the American Tree Association as “The Mother of Georgia’s Pecan Industry,” the giant seedling just west of this marker was planted in 1848 in the flower and fruit garden of Judge and Mrs. William Taylor, pioneer citizens of Cuthbert. The seed nut was brought from Texas by Mrs. Taylor’s Mother, Mrs. Rebecca Jackson Brooking, traditionally a cousin of Gen. "Stonewall" Jackson, and planted here. Judge Taylor was the first Judge of the . . . — Map (db m49055) HM|
|Georgia (Richmond County), Augusta — William Bartram Trail — Traced 1773-1777 — Deep South Region|
|William Bartram Visits Augusta
1773 for Indian Ceded Lands Treaty.
1775 said . . . ."Augusta would become
the Metropolis of Georgia" — Map (db m9762) HM|
|Georgia (Richmond County), Augusta — 121-7 — William Bartram Visited Augusta, 1773.|
|"The village of Augusta." wrote the celebrated American naturalist and botanist of his visits in 1765 and 1773, "is situated on a rich and fertile plain of the Savanna River; the buildings are near its banks and extend two miles. The site of Augusta is perhaps the most delightful and eligible of any in Georgia for a city. I do not hesitate to pronounce, as my opinion, that it will very soon become the metropolis of Georgia. Upon the rich, rocky hills at the cataracts of Augusta I first observed the perfumed rhododenron ferrugineum." — Map (db m9761) HM|
|Georgia (Seminole County), Iron City — Site of U.S. Post Office Reynoldsville, Georgia / Reuben Arthur Reynolds|
Side 1: Site of U.S. Post Office Reynoldsville, Georgia
On this site was situated the Reynoldsville Post Office from April 5, 1898 to April 20, 1913. The community was named by the Post Office Department in honor of Reuben Arthur Reynolds who served as its first postmaster. He was a pioneer environmentalist who practiced forestry management and soil conservation on his vast land holdings of several thousand acres. Reynolds erected the post office building directly across the road . . . — Map (db m55677) HM|
|Georgia (Spalding County), Griffin — 126-12 — Georgia Experiment Station — <------<<<<|
|The Georgia Experiment Station, one of the first State Agricultural Experiment Stations established in this country, was located in Spalding County, Georgia in 1888. The primary objective of its work program is to develop information which will aid in improving the living standards of the people in Georgia, particularly those interested in agriculture. It has pioneered in the development of improved crop varieties. Among the outstanding crop varieties developed at this institution are Empire . . . — Map (db m27562) HM|
|Georgia (Talbot County), Talbotton — William Bartram Trail — Traced 1773-1777 — Deep South Region|
|On March 21, 1970 H. Grady Bell and friends founded the "Bartram Trail Society of Georgia" at Zion Episcopal Church. — Map (db m11529) HM|
|Georgia (Taylor County), Butler — William Bartram Trail — Traced 1773-1777 — Deep South Region|
|In 1775 during the travels of botanist William Bartram he first discovered golden St. John’s wort (his Hypericum aureum) near this site on Patsiliga Creek — Map (db m28057) HM|
|Hawaii (Kauai County), Poipu — 4 — Pā‘ū a Laka (Moir Gardens) — Kōloa Heritage Trail — Ka Ala Hele Waiwai Ho‘olina o Kōloa — Preserving the Heritage of Po‘ipū & Kōloa|
|What began as a hobby garden by the Kōloa Plantation manager’s wife became celebrated as one of the world’s best of its kind. Numerous cactus planted in the 1930s thrived in the arid, rocky soil here. Many escaped to surrounding areas to become naturalized over time. — Map (db m12797) HM|
|Idaho (Shoshone County), Avery — A Changing Landscape|
“Change is inevitable. Change is constant.” Benjamin Disraeli
At the beginning of the 20th century, majestic western white pine, western larch and western red cedar, some over 400 years old, along with Douglas-fir and grand fir carpeted the Bitterroots.
As the railroad built their mainline over these mountains in 1907-09 the Forest Service began harvesting white pine seeds from the lush hills to re-seed other forests. But the devastating 1910 fire killed most . . . — Map (db m45563) HM|
|Idaho (Shoshone County), Avery — Man’s Mark on the Land|
|If you stood on this spot with a railroad surveyor in 1906, you would have gazed across a lush patchwork forest of large trees. The super hot 1910 fires burned the valley below and for years afterward the area presented travelers with a bleak view of black snags and thick brush. Today it takes a trained eye to recognize all of the changes caused by man in this valley.
The newly formed Forest Service had a lot to learn about planting trees in 1910. The foresters experimented on this ravaged . . . — Map (db m45567) HM|
|Idaho (Shoshone County), Avery — The 1910 Fires|
One of the largest forest fires in the history of the United States
...swept over Idaho and Montana on August 20 and 21, 1910, including the area where you now stand. The fire burned three million acres, destroyed eight billion board feet of timber and killed 86 people. Hurricane-force winds shot fireballs for miles across the mountains. The sky turned dark as far east as Colorado. An army of 10,000 firefighters made dramatic, but ultimately futile efforts to stop the blaze. . . . — Map (db m45615) HM|
|Idaho (Shoshone County), Avery — You want to be a Ranger?|
Do you have the right stuff to be a FOREST RANGER?!
Forest Service District Rangers today are resource professionals. She/he could be a forester, fish or wildlife biologist, hydrologist, botanist, landscape architect or other professional.
Teams of specialists with expertise in public participation, forestry, recreation, scenic quality, engineering, fire, hydrology, wildlife and botany participate in land management planning for large areas on the National Forest.
The . . . — Map (db m45643) HM|
|Illinois (Cook County), Chicago — Aaron Montgomery Ward Gardens — In Grant Park — “Forever Open, Clear and Free”|
|Aaron Montgomery Ward had a vision for Chicago’s lakefront that set him apart from most of his contemporaries. For two decades (1890-1910),he fought tirelessly to preserve Chicago’s lake shore as an open space and assure the city’s “front yard” would remain free and clear, providing magnificent views and recreational opportunities to all of its citizens. Grant Park is his legacy to the city he loved... his gift to the future.
Dedicated October, 14, 1993 — Map (db m47782) HM|
|Illinois (Cook County), Chicago — Alfred Caldwell Lily Pool|
|“Water has cut deeply into prairie soil. The clays and gravels of the Middle West are merely a thread on stone floors. In this loam, oak trees grass and corn take root.”
Alfred Caldwell, 1943
A peaceful oasis surrounded by bustling Lincoln Park, the Alfred Caldwell Lily Pool is one of Chicago’s beloved landmarks. A Victorian garden and lily pool had existed on this site since 1889, but fell into disrepair. In 1937, utilizing funds from the Works Progress Administration, the . . . — Map (db m47844) HM|
|Illinois (Cook County), Chicago — Alfred Caldwell Lily Pool — Alfred Caldwell, landscape architect — 1936-38|
One of the most important historic landscapes in Chicago, this “hidden garden” in Lincoln Park was designed by note landscape architect Alfred Caldwell in the Prairie style. Inspired by his mentor Jens Jensen and the work of architect Frank Lloyd Wright, Caldwell poetically interpreted the Midwestern landscape through the use of native plants, stratified stonework, and a natural-looking “prairie river,” with a waterfall that symbolizes it . . . — Map (db m47845) HM|
|Illinois (Cook County), Chicago — Alfred Caldwell Lily Pool|
| has been designated a
National Historic Landmark
This site is a premier example of the Prairie style of landscape architecture. Alfred Caldwell, a landscape designer, architect, teacher and poet, transformed an old Victorian lily pool in Lincoln Park into a “sanctuary of the native landscape.” Funded by the Works Progress Administration and completed in 1938, it possesses national significance in commemorating the cultural history of the United States. — Map (db m47846) HM|
|Illinois (Cook County), Chicago — Old Treaty Elm|
|The tree which stood here until 1933, marked the Northern Boundary of the Fort Dearborn Reservation, the trail to Lake Geneva, the center of Billy Caldwell’s (Chief Sauganash) Reservation, and the site of the Indian Treaty of 1835. — Map (db m55577) HM|
|Illinois (Cook County), Glenview — Kennicott House|
|Kennicott House was built in 1856 by John A. Kennicott, a prominent Illinois physician, horticulturist, and educational and agricultural leader. Kennicott moved to the Grove from New Orleans with his family in 1836 shortly after the birth of his son, Robert, in 1835. He devoted much of his time to the study and promotion of horticulture and agriculture, developing the Grove into the first major nursery in northern Illinois. Robert Kennicott developed an interest in nature at an early age, . . . — Map (db m55575) HM|
|Illinois (Cook County), Glenview — The Grove|
has been designated a
This site possesses national significance
in commemorating the history of the
United States of America
National Park Service
United States Department of the Interior
— Map (db m55576) HM|
|Illinois (Menard County), Tallula — Historic Tree|
|To the south stands a mature red hawthorne tree, planted around 1930 under the direction of the Garden Clubs of Illinois to beautify the highways leading to Lincoln's new Salem. Several organizations, including the Civilian Conservation Corps, undertook the task digging hundreds of young native trees from nearby farms and planting them along Illinois Routes 97, 125 and 29. The surviving specimens are a reminder that the people of Illinois have long cherished their association with the 16th President of the United States. — Map (db m57346) HM|
|Indiana (Allen County), Fort Wayne — "Johnny Appleseed" — [ John Chapman ]|
|Born in Massachusetts, 1776
Died near Fort Wayne, 1843.
Buried in the David Archer Cemetery
Pioneer apple grower of Indiana and Ohio.
The Indiana Horticultural Society
and all those who are endeavoring to carry
on the work he nobly commenced join in
dedicating this monument to the memory
of his deeds. — Map (db m59649) HM|
|Indiana (Allen County), Fort Wayne — Emerine Jane Holman Hamilton — 1810 - 1889 — Pioneer in Religion, Education, Philanthropy, Reform|
|She encouraged local efforts to form First Presbyterian Church, establish a public library, support the national Women's Suffrage Movement, and donated land for Fort Wayne's first African-American church.
The Hamilton Estate on Clinton Street abounded in flowers, shrubs, and trees and included the homes in which granddaughters Edith, Alice, and Agnes lived.
This gardenscape is a tribute to Emerine's personal elegance and achievements. As it surrounds the plaza, it symbolizes Emerine's . . . — Map (db m16967) HM|
|Indiana (Carroll County), Wheeling — 08.1963.1 — Sycamore Row|
|This row of sycamores sprouted from freshly cut logs used in the 1830's to corduroy a swampy section of the historic Michigan Road, the first state road in Indiana, running from Madison to Michigan City. — Map (db m42664) HM|
|Indiana (Elkhart County), Middlebury — 20.2001.1 — Krider Nurseries World's Fair Garden|
Krider Nurseries constructed and exhibited Krider's Diversified Garden at Century of Progress International Exposition in Chicago 1933-1934. Some plants and structures were returned to Middlebury, and garden was reconstructed here 1935. After falling into decay, garden was restored by community 1995.
Founded 1896 by Vernon Krider (1876-1955), Krider Nurseries produced its first catalog 1906. Primarily regional wholesale business; also served . . . — Map (db m30745) HM|
|Indiana (Fountain County), Covington — Portland Arch Natural Preserve|
|has been designated a
National Natural Landmark
This site possesses exceptional value as an illustration of the nation's natural heritage and contributes to a better understanding of the environment — Map (db m10093) HM|
|Indiana (Lake County), Highland — 45.1992.1 — Dutch in the Calumet Region|
|Dutch immigrants after 1850 began moving to this area because of its similarities to their homeland. They helped to locate ditches to drain water from the extensive marshes, leaving rich land to expand successful horticultural activities. — Map (db m64160) HM|
|Indiana (Parke County), Marshall — 61.1968.4 — Turkey Run|
|Little Ned Garland, son of the first family to settle in Indiana North of the 10 O’clock Line, is said to have named the stream below this cliff because wild turkeys roosted in trees within this chasm. — Map (db m3673) HM|
|Indiana (St. Joseph County), New Carlisle — Rooted in Studebaker History|
In 1926 the Studebaker Corporation purchased 850 acres from area farmers to develop an automobile proving ground. This same year, the Clubhouse was built for employee lodging, including a caretaker's apartment. The Clubhouse transformed over the next 40 years with renovations and uses, such as design and drafting rooms, as well as serving as barracks for the US Army. In 1961 Sherwood Egbert, the last president of the Studebaker Corporation, utilized the Clubhouse as his private residence.
. . . — Map (db m64814) HM|
|Indiana (Wells County), Bluffton — 90.2001.1 — Charles C. Deam|
Born 1865 near Bluffton; died 1953. Resided most of his life on land south of here where house, study, and arboretum located. A Bluffton druggist, he was avid collector of botanical specimens throughout the state 1890s - 1920s. Documented important biological transition taking place between eras of virgin forests and intensive agricultural cultivation.
Appointed Indiana's first State Forester (1909-1913, 1917-1928); Research Forster 1928-1940. Author . . . — Map (db m63823) HM|
|Indiana (Wells County), Bluffton — Deam Oak — (Quercus Deamii Trealease)|
|This oak is a cross between the White oak and Chinquapin oak. Discovered in 1904 and named after Mr. Charles C. Deam of Bluffton, Indiana. — Map (db m62128) HM|
|Iowa (Jasper County), Kellogg — Kellogg Garden Club — Iowa 150 Celebrate Our State 1846 - 1996|
|Kellogg Garden Club established in 1945 commemorated Iowa’s 150th Anniversary of statehood with the planting of the common Chokecherry (Prunus Virginiana) a native Iowa tree. — Map (db m44830) HM|
|Kansas (Doniphan County), Troy — Melvin L. Schmidt, J.D.|
In memory of
Melvin L. Schmidt, J.D.
Patent Holder of
Burgundy Belle Maple
2000 — Map (db m47714) HM|
|Kansas (McPherson County), Moundridge — English Oak — Quercus robur|
| The parent of this tree is the centuries old oak on the island of Chortitza near Zaparozhye, Ukraine, on the site of a Mennonite settlement dating from 1789. Acorns were gathered on the 1997 Mennonite Heritage Tour led by Harley Stucky and Oswald Goering. One of the resulting seedlings was planted on March 14, 2002, near this monument marking the centennial of the arrival of the Swiss Volbynian Mennonites in Kansas in 1874, and the establishment of the Hopefield Mennonite Church. Present at . . . — Map (db m57029) HM|
|Kansas (Morris County), Council Grove — Bur Oak — Quercus macrocarpa — Sprout Date 1749|
| This hardwood tree was part of the original grove that provided shelter, and wood for wagon repairs for travelers on the Santa Fe Trail.
The grove was a continuous strip of timber near one mile in width with a rich variety of trees. The town of Council Grove is named for this grove.
[Tree] Identified [by] K.S.U. Forestry Department — Map (db m44966) HM|
|Kansas (Morris County), Council Grove — Council Oak — August 10, 1825|
| Under this tree
the treaty between
the U.S. Commissioners and
the Osage Indians was signed
giving the right of way
forever through their land
establishing the Santa Fe Trail — Map (db m44971) HM|
|Kansas (Morris County), Council Grove — Council Oak Acorn — Arbor Day 1931|
| Acorn from Council Oak — Map (db m45454) HM|
|Kansas (Nemaha County), Wetmore — Shoe Tree|
In 1909 when my grandfather moved to this farm on the west side of the road this tree was the size of a telephone pole. I played under it as a boy waiting on the mail man.
In about 1985 I started putting shoes on it. It has shoes on it from several states as far as Arizona. It measures about 23 ft at the trunk. Any shoes donated is appreciated. — Map (db m63855) HM|
|Kansas (Shawnee County), Topeka — David Puff|
Dedicated to David Puff
Founder and first president
Topeka Area Water Garden Society
David helped establish and maintain
this water garden — Map (db m65030) HM|
|Kentucky (Franklin County), Frankfort — 1164 — Franklin County Hemp / Hemp in Kentucky|
| Side A Kentucky River Mills began making hemp yarns for backs of Brussels carpets in 1878, and started producing binder twine in 1879. Finest quality imported machinery used. Employed 125 persons year round. In 1941, received contract from Navy for $148,500 worth of marine oakum. This was the last hemp factory to operate in Ky., closing down in 1952. See over.
Side B First crop grown, 1775. From 1840 to 1860, Ky.'s production largest in U.S. Peak in 1850 was 40,000 tons, . . . — Map (db m22152) HM|
|Kentucky (Hart County), Munfordville — Anthony Woodson Farm — Battle of Munfordville — September 14-17, 1862|
|Thomas Woodson received this farm as a land grant from Thomas Jefferson for service in the Revolutionary War. His son Anthony made his home on this site and developed a prosperous farmstead, considered one of the finest in the county. From his front porch he and his family could see the magnificent L&N Railroad bridge across the river. That bridge would be Woodson's undoing. Drawn by the strategic importance of the bridge, military forces of both the Union and Confederate armies occupied . . . — Map (db m40033) HM|
|Kentucky (Hart County), Munfordville — Living on the Land — Early Uses|
| When humans first came to the Green River valley thousands of years ago, they quickly learned how to make use of the native trees, shrubs, grasses and flowering plants. From accounts by the first European settlers, we know that they used dugout canoes, and from evidence in caves we know they ate the native hickory nuts and walnuts. In many cases, however, we have to guess, as artifacts made of wood or plant matter would long since have disappeared. Early European settlers left more record of . . . — Map (db m40026) HM|
|Kentucky (Hart County), Munfordville — Return of the Natives|
|Centuries past, before central Kentucky became settled, a great swath of grassland and savannah stretched from the Ohio River down into Tennessee. Pioneers established Munfordville right in the middle of it. As settlement expanded, these "barrens" all but disappeared. Now, however, the value of these original native grasslands is being rediscovered, and many of these native, or ecotype, species have been replanted here in the park. — Map (db m40021) HM|
|Kentucky (Hart County), Munfordville — The Woodson Farm — Battle for the Bridge Historic Preserve|
|Anthony Woodson's fields and woods felt the ravages of war. Yet before and after, and even during the strife, the daily life of a central Kentucky farmstead carried on. As you wander the paths of the Woodson farm and visit the house, keep your senses sharp for clues to what life would have been like between the eve of war and the turn of the 20th century. (Second Panel): Welcome to the Battle for the Bridge Historic Preserve. Enjoy a step back to another age, a simpler time, closer to . . . — Map (db m40034) HM|
|Kentucky (Larue County), Hodgenville — The Boundary Oak|
|Originally thought to be approximately 400 years old prior to its death in 1976, the park cut the remains of this magnificent oak in 1986. However, a study of the growth rings after its removal showed the tree to be approximately 195 years of age. Mentioned for the first time in 1832 as a corner to the property where Abraham Lincoln was born in 1809, the tree became known as the Boundary Oak. Having become associated with Abraham Lincoln as a historic landmark, the tree was carefully . . . — Map (db m13262) HM|
|Kentucky (Mercer County), Harrodsburg — Osage Orange Tree|
|Circa late 18th century
Tree crown is 76’
Tree height is 88’
Circumference of tree standing 12’-4”
Diameter at breast height 56”
This tree is taller and broader than
the National Champion, but remains
Unofficial National Champion due to
the split trunk. — Map (db m46522) HM|
|Kentucky (Monroe County), Gamaliel — 1394 — Famous Tree / Indian Creek Church|
In 1894, a huge Tulip Poplar tree was felled about 1-1/2miles south of this site. It measured 11 ft. in diameter, 35 ft. in circumference. Two six-foot saws were welded together to cut it. A four-foot log from the tree was transported to Chicago for exhibition at the 1893-94 Columbian World's Fair and Exposition, where it won a first prize.
Indian Creek Church
The main log from this tree supplied lumber to build the . . . — Map (db m39400) HM|
|Kentucky (Monroe County), Tompkinsville — 2041 — Moore's Mill|
|Phillip Moore purchased a steam saw mill on Meshack Creek from S. A. Moore, 1874. Phillip's son Joel and 4 grandsons eventually moved mill here. In 1929 the expanded lumber mill was among first mills in area to operate at night with electric lights. Phillip's grandson, George Moore, owned mill from 1941 until his death in 1965.
Over — Map (db m39402) HM|