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Colonial Era Markers
5352 markers matched your search criteria. The first 250 markers are listed. Next 5102
Australia, Victoria, Moyhu — Hume and Hovell
Hume and Hovell passed nearby Nov. 26 and on return Dec. 30 - 1824. — Map (db m82085) HM
Australia, Victoria, Sorrento — Collins Settlement 1803-04
The people of the Bunerong lived in the Mornington Peninsula region for many thousands of years. On 9 October, 1803 HMS "Calcutta" under the command of Captain Daniel Woodriff entered Port Phillip Bay carrying David Collins the Lieutenant Governor to the proposed first officîal European settlement in Victoria. Collins was accompanied by 11 civil officers, 49 officers and men of the Royal Marines, 300 convicts with a total of 41 family members. A contingent of 54 free settlers . . . — Map (db m81596) HM
Australia, Victoria, Warrnambool — Warrnambool 150th Anniversary 1847-1997
This stone commemorating the Foundation of Warrnambool Gazetted on 17 February 1847 was unveiled by His Excellency The Honourable Richard E. McGarvie A,C. Governor of Victoria in the presence of His Worship the Mayor Cr Gerald Shanley — Map (db m52643) HM
Bahamas, New Providence, Nassau — The Bahamas Grant1629 1929
To commemorate the grant of these islands by His Majesty King Charles the First to Sir Robert Heath Attorney General of England on the 30th day of October 1629 — Map (db m32434) HM
Brazil, Bahia, Salvador — Igr. Basílica de N. Sr. do Bonfim — ["Basilica Church of Our Lord of the Good End"]
Igreja de pergrinação do século XVIII, com arcadas laterais. Local de grade devoção popular, possui internamente coleção de ex-votos. This simple 18th century church with arches on both sides has been the site of pilgrimages for many years and is dearly beloved by the Bahian people. It is believed to have special curative properties, and those seeking divine intervention often leave replicas of body parts or photographs of the infirm inside the church. Bahia Brasil Terra da Felicidade VISA — Map (db m26089) HM
Brazil, Bahia, Salvador — Zumbi dos Palmares Monument
Panel 1: Zumbi dos Palmares “É chegada a hora de tirar nossa nação das trevas da injustica racial.” Nasceu livre, em 1655, na Serra da Barriga, união dos Palmares, Alagoas. Neto de Aqualtune, não permitiu a submissão de seu povo ao jugo da corda portuguesa, pois queria a liberdade para todos, dentro ou fora do Quilombo. Persistiu na luta e tornou-se líder do Quilombo, sento ferido em 1694, quando a capital Palmares foi destruída. Em 20 de Novembro de 1695, . . . — Map (db m26125) HM
Brazil, Rio de Janeiro — 01056031 — Ordem Terceira do Carmo Church[Church of the Third Order of Carmel]
The Venerable and Archiepiscopal Third Order of Our Lady of Mount Carmo [sic]was founded on July 19, 1648. In 1749, the Order decided to have a new chapel built to practice spiritual exercises more comfortably. But it was only in 1752 that the marble cut stone was ordered for the high chapel. In 1755, the foundations of the new Church were built, and finally on July 22, 1770, the new temple was consecrated in a solemn procession with the images that adorned the old chapel, to the . . . — Map (db m31759) HM
Brazil, Rio de Janeiro — Praça 15 de NovembroPrefeitura da Cidade do Rio De Janeiro
Esta região guarda a memória do período colonial Brasileiro. No Século XVII, o núcleo original da cidade desloca-se do morro do Castelo para a várzea e consolida-se ao longo da Rua Direita, hoje Primeiro de Março. Junto à rua, na praia de N.S. do Ó, aterrado surge o Terreiro do Carmo, depois chamado Largo do Paço, por se ter instalado ali o Paço dos Governadores (1743), atual Paço Imperial. O velho largo recebe o nome de Praça 15 de Novembro por ocasião da Proclamação da República em 1889, . . . — Map (db m26313) HM
Newfoundland and Labrador (Division No. 1 (Avalon Peninsula)), Ferryland — Colony of AvalonLa colonie d’Avalon — Sir David Kirke, c. 1597-1654
Two plaques are mounted on this monument. English: Near this site stood the “Mansion House” built between 1621 and 1625 by Captain E. Wynne, resident governor of the Colony of Avalon, for the proprietor, Sir George Calvert (later Lord Baltimore), who took up residence here in 1628. The active hostility of transient fishermen and costly raids by French privateers and warships led Calvert to abandon his colony in 1629. Ferryland, however, continued to be an . . . — Map (db m79466) HM
Nova Scotia (Halifax Regional Municipality), Halifax — France and CanadaLa France et le Canada — Theirs is a story of enduring friendship./ C’est l’histoire d’une longe amitié.
France and Canada share a long history. Theirs is a story of enduring friendship. It began 400 years ago, in Nova Scotia, the birthplace of Acadie, with the arrival of the first French settlers and of Samuel de Champlain at Port-Royal in 1605. Halifax had its first contact with France at the beginning of the 18th century. In 1711, the French engineer Delabat drew fortification plans for Chebucto Bay (present day Halifax harbour). In autumn of 1746, the Duc D’Anville led an ill-fated . . . — Map (db m77622) HM
Ontario (Chatham-Kent County), Chatham — Burning of British Ships / American EncampmentMonday, October 4, 1813 — Tecumseh Parkway
East of the Forks, the Thames River becomes shallower and not navigable for larger ships. With the American forces close behind, the British vessels were threatened with capture. One cargo ship, probably the Miamis, had already been set on fire closer to the Forks. Near this site, two other ships, the Mary and the Ellen, were moored perpendicular to the shore and much of their contents dumped into river. They were then set on fire to block the river to any American gunboats. The American . . . — Map (db m71398) HM
Ontario (Chatham-Kent County), Chatham — Chatham Blockhouse— 1794 —
On this site a blockhouse was constructed in 1794 by order of Lieutenant-Governor John Graves Simcoe. He planned to establish here a small naval arsenal which would form a link in the defences of Upper Canada's western frontier and also draw the Indian trade from Detroit. The post was garrisoned by a detachment of the Queen's Rangers, and two gunboats were built; but by 1797 it was abandoned. In 1798 the province's Administrator, Peter Russell, had the blockhouse moved to Sandwich to serve as the Western District's court-house and gaol. — Map (db m71313) HM
Ontario (Chatham-Kent County), Chatham — Skirmish at the ForksMonday, October 4, 1813 — Tecumseh Parkway
On October 2, 1813, Tecumseh moved his warriors up-river to the Forks where he had been led to believe that fortifications would be prepared for a full-scale confrontation with harrison's army. When Tecumseh arrived, he was enraged to find no fortifications and only three or four dismounted cannon and a log cabin containing small arms. Despite his dismay, Tecumseh convinced his warriors to stage a rearguard action at the Forks on October 4 to slow the American advance. That morning, the . . . — Map (db m71335) HM
Ontario (Chatham-Kent County), Chatham — Skirmish at the ForksMonday, October 4, 1813 — Tecumseh Parkway
Robert McAfee, a member of Colonel Johnson's Kentucky Mounted Regiment, described the skirmish in his journal. He wrote: Oct 4: …a woman … informed us that about six miles above the River forked, that there was a large bridge across the mouth of the Right hand fork and a mill and a bridge about about about a mile and a half up the fork where the Indians were encamped [sic] and she expected that they would make a stand and fight … about twelve o'clock the firing commenced on our left and . . . — Map (db m71378) HM
Ontario (Chatham-Kent County), Chatham — The Abolition Movement in British North America
From 1783 until the 1860s, abolitionists in British North America took part in the fight to end slavery both at home and in the United States. Thanks to the determination of colonial officials, anti-slavery organizations, and the thousands of African Americans who took refuge in Upper and Lower Canada and the Maritimes during this period, the colonies became a centre of abolitionist activity, as evidenced by the convention held here at this church by John Brown in 1858. This struggle for human . . . — Map (db m71391) HM
Ontario (Chatham-Kent County), Chatham — The Forks — Tecumseh Parkway
The Forks of the Thames are formed by the joining of the Thames River and McGregor Creek creating a peninsula that is present day Tecumseh Park in Chatham, Ontario. The strategic importance of the site was recognized by Lieutenant Governor John Graves Simcoe when he visited the region in 1793. The first settlement at the Forks occurred in 1794 when Simcoe commissioned Captain William Baker to establish a shipyard. Baker constructed a log blockhouse, a 72 foot-long frame workshop, forges, . . . — Map (db m71331) HM
Ontario (Chatham-Kent County), Thamesville — Assault on Backmetack MarshTuesday, October 5, 1813, 4:00 p.m. — Tecumseh Parkway
As Lieutenant Colonel James Johnson's horsemen were charging the British front line, his brother, Colonel Richard Johnson led an attack against the First Nations warriors in Backmetack Marsh. The mounted infantry charged the Native left flank led by 20 riders, called "The Forlorn Hope," who were intended to draw the warriors' fire and empty their guns. Tecumseh's allies fired a devastating volley at close range that cut down 15 of the riders. The casualties included Colonel Johnson who was . . . — Map (db m72397) HM
Ontario (Chatham-Kent County), Thamesville — Participants in the Battle of the ThamesTuesday, October 5, 1813 — Tecumseh Parkway
Makataimeshekiakiak, Black Hawk, 1767-1838: A Sauk war leader and experienced warrior, Blackhawk was a veteran of the Battles of Fort Meigs and Fort Stephenson. Although he left the war for a period of time, he rejoined the British, and scholars feel that he was probably at the Battle of the Thames. Following the war, Black Hawk continued to oppose American encroachment on native lands that culminated in "The Black Hawk War" in 1832. Naiwash: Ottawa chief Naw Kaw: Winnebago chief. . . . — Map (db m71418) HM
Ontario (Chatham-Kent County), Thamesville — Participants in the Battle of the ThamesTuesday, October 5, 1813 — Tecumseh Parkway
Shabbona 1775-1859: A Potawatomi chief, grand nephew of Pontiac, and veteran of Tippecanoe, Shabbona was an accomplished warrior and strong supporter of Tecumseh. He persuaded many natives to join the confederacy. Sou-veh-hoo-wah, Split Log, 1765-1825: Huron chief and veteran of the River Raisin and Fort Meigs, Split Log helped defeat Brigadier General McArthur's American force at the Grand River in October 1814. Tecumseh 1768-1813: Leader of the First Nations confederacy. . . . — Map (db m71419) HM
Ontario (Chatham-Kent County), Thamesville — Participants in the Battle of the ThamesTuesday, October 5, 1813 — Tecumseh Parkway
John Adair 1757-1840: Pioneer, soldier, and statesman, Adair was a veteran of the American Revolution, was 8th governor of Kentucky, and represented that state in both the U.S. House of Representatives and the Senate. He fought at the Battle of the Thames and was subsequently rewarded for his service, being appointed adjutant general of Kentucky. Lewis Cass 1782-1866: A military officer and politician, Cass was governor of the Michigan Territory and, later, U.S. senator representing . . . — Map (db m72381) HM
Ontario (Chatham-Kent County), Thamesville — Participants in the Battle of the ThamesTuesday, October 5, 1813 — Tecumseh Parkway
James Johnson 1774-1826: The brother of Richard Johnson, James was elected as a Kentucky State senator in 1808. He served as a lieutenant colonel in Johnson's Mounted Infantry and led the charge on the British lines at the Battle of the Thames along with his two sons. Following the war, he served in the U.S. House of representatives. Richard Mentor Johnson 1780-1850: From Kentucky, Johnson was elected to the House of Representatives in 1806. He served as a colonel in the American Army . . . — Map (db m72385) HM
Ontario (Chatham-Kent County), Thamesville — Participants in the Battle of the ThamesTuesday, October 5, 1813 — Tecumseh Parkway
Isaac Shelby 1750-1826: Shelby was the 1st and 5th governor of Kentucky and a veteran of the American Revolution. As governor and at 63years of age, Shelby personally led the Kentucky Militia at the Battle of the Thames. Tarhe 1742-1816: A Wyandot chief and loyal American, he marched with his warriors throughout General Harrison's campaign in Canada and fought at the Battle of the Thames despite being 72 years old. William Whitley 1749-1813: Veteran of the Indian Wars, militia leader, . . . — Map (db m72388) HM
Ontario (Chatham-Kent County), Thamesville — Prelude to BattleTuesday, October 5, 1813 — Tecumseh Parkway
By the early morning of October 5, 1813, the American Army had forded the Thames River and was advancing quickly. The British rearguard was able to destroy Cornwall's mill, west of Sherman's farm (present-day Thamesville, Ontario) but not the mill dam over which the road ran, which aided the American pursuit. In Procter's absence, Colonel Warburton decided to move the British troops as far as Fairfield. At 1:00 p.m., however, Procter, who had met them en route, ordered battle lines to be . . . — Map (db m71413) HM
Ontario (Chatham-Kent County), Thamesville — Tecumseh1768-1813
Born in a Shawnee village in what is now Ohio, Tecumseh became in the 1770s co-leader with his brother, the Prophet, of a movement to restore and preserve traditional Indian values. He believed a union of all the western tribes to drive back white settlement to be the one hope for Indian survival and spread this idea the length of the frontier. Seeing the Americans as the immediate threat, he allied himself with the British in 1812, assisted in the capture of Detroit and was killed near here at . . . — Map (db m71410) HM
Ontario (Chatham-Kent County), Thamesville — The Bugles SoundTuesday, October 5, 1813, 4:00 p.m. — Tecumseh Parkway
Many of the men of the 41st Regiment had been stationed in Canada for 13 years. By October 5, 1813, they had not been paid for 6 to 9 months; they lacked tents and blankets; their uniforms were in rags; they were plagued by a variety of diseases; and they had not had proper food for days. British Ensign James Cochran observed, "The attack was silently awaited, each determined to do his duty, but few with any doubt as to the result." The British, numbering about 450, faced 3000 American . . . — Map (db m72393) HM
Ontario (Chatham-Kent County), Thamesville — The Burning of Fairfield — Tecumseh Parkway
Robert McAfee, a soldier in Colonel Johnson's Mounted Regiment, kept a journal of his experiences, and wrote on October 7, 1813: Spent the day in collecting in plunder ... Colonel Owings Regiment of Regulars came up and took charge of the plunder and the whole army marched off and we sett [sic] fire to the town, putting the first torch to the Moravian Church and consumed the whole to ashes and we continued our march down the river to the large plantation where the bake ovens were and . . . — Map (db m72414) HM
Ontario (Chatham-Kent County), Thamesville — The Death of TecumsehTuesday, October 5, 1813, Approximately 4:20 p.m. — Tecumseh Parkway
At some point during the attack on Backmetack Marsh, Tecumseh was fatally shot. As word spread of their leader's death, one American account tells of the warriors giving, "the loudest yells I ever heard from human beings and that ended the fight." Who killed Tecumseh is a matter of debate. Many accounts claim that the badly-wounded Colonel Richard Johnson shot Tecumseh just before he lost consciousness although, until much later in his political career, Johnson only claimed to have shot an . . . — Map (db m72405) HM
Ontario (Essex County), Windsor — 1748
The original cross Was erected in 1748 By the Jesuit Missionaries — • — Was re-enacted at the Old Boys re union Aug., 1909 Re-enacted and this permanent cross erected by the Border Cities Old Boys in Aug., 1922 — Map (db m37519) HM
Ontario (Essex County), Windsor — Jesuit Mission to the Hurons
In 1728 a mission to the Huron Indians was established near Fort Pontchartrain (Detroit) by Father Armand de la Richardie, S.J. The mission was moved to Bois Blane Island and the adjacent mainland in 1742. In 1747 it was destroyed by disaffected Hurons and a party of Iroquois, and the next year re-established in this vicinity. The Huron Mission became the Parish of Assumption in 1767 and was entrusted with the spiritual care of the French settlers on this side of the river as well as the . . . — Map (db m37386) HM
Ontario (Essex County), Windsor — The Siege of Detroit 1763
Shortly after the founding of Detroit in 1970 a village of Ottawa Indians was established on the south shore of the river in this vicinity and its inhabitants lived on friendly terms with the French garrison and settlers. However after the British took control of Detroit and other western posts in 1760, relations with the Indians deteriorated. In 1763 the great Ottawa chief, Pontiac, raised a strong confederacy of Indian tribes and attacked several British posts. Detroit was besieged from May . . . — Map (db m36944) HM
Ontario (Frontenac County), Kingston — Louis de Buade Comte de Frontenac et de Palluau1622-1698
One of the most influential and controversial figures in Canadian history, Frontenac was born at St-Germain-en-Laye, France. As a member of the noblesse d'epee he was able in 1672 to secure the appointment as Governor-General of New France. Devoted largely because of self-interest to promoting the colony's territorial expansion, Frontenac established a series of fortified fur-trading posts extending into the interior of North America, the first of which, Fort Frontenac, was constructed near . . . — Map (db m39978) HM
Ontario (Frontenac County), Kingston — The King's Royal Regiment of New York
The largest Loyalist Corps in the Northern Department during the American Revolution, the King's Royal Regiment of New York was raised on June 19, 1776 under the command of Sir John Johnson. Originally composed of one battalion with ten companies, it was authorized to add a second battalion in 1780. The regiment, known as the "Royal Yorkers," participated in the bitter war fought on the colonial frontier. It conducted raids against settlements in New York and was also employed in garrison duty. . . . — Map (db m39977) HM
Ontario (Frontenac County), Kingston — The Market Battery
Stood on this site from 1848 to 1875. With Shoal Tower opposite it defended Kingston Harbour and the Rideau Canal. From 1875 this was a public park. In 1885 the Kingston and Pembroke railway station was built. — Map (db m39979) HM
Ontario (Hamilton County), Hamilton — Sir John Harvey1778 - 1852
From these heights, Lieutenant-Colonel John Harvey set out with about 700 men on the night of June 5, 1813, to launch a surprise attack on an invading United States force of some 3,000 men camped at Stoney Creek. His rout of the troops commanded by Brigadier-General John Chandler under cover of darkness in the early hours of June 6, is generally credited with saving Upper Canada from being overrun by the enemy. Harvey was knighted in 1834, served as Lieutenant-Governor of New Brunswick 1834-41, . . . — Map (db m56743) HM
Ontario (Hamilton County), Hamilton — United Empire Loyalists
In Lasting Memory of the United Empire Loyalists Who preferred to remain loyal British subjects and came to canada in large numbers immediately following the American Revolution of 1776 and the signing of the Treaty of Peace in 1783. —————— On this site in 1785 was erected one of the first log houses in this district by a loyalist pioneer Col. Richard Beasley who on June 11th and 12th 1796 here . . . — Map (db m66131) HM
Ontario (Niagara Region), Allanburg — The Old Welland Canal
Originally conceived in 1818 by its promoter, William Hamilton Merritt, to divert trade from the Erie Canal and New York and built under private auspices, the canal was opened to traffic in 1829. After additional work in 1833, the canal with its 40 wooden locks linked Port Colborne on Lake Erie and Port Dalhousie on Lake Ontario and brought prosperity to its environs by permitting the export of Upper Canadian staples through New York. In 1841 reconstruction was begun by the Canadian government . . . — Map (db m75850) HM
Ontario (Niagara Region), Chippawa — Battle of Chippawa
[Text on the West Side]: Battle of Chippawa 5 July 1814 In memory of all those who fought on this ground, many of whom are buried nearby, and to commemorate the peace that has prevailed between Canada and the United States since that time. This monument was erected and dedicated by The Niagara Parks Commission. October 2001. Brian E. Merrett, Chairman The Niagara Parks Commission [Text on the South Side]: . . . — Map (db m49393) HM
Ontario (Niagara Region), Chippawa — Chippawa Battlefield Panel 1Background to a Battle
On these fields and the surrounding woods 4,000 American, British, Canadian and Native forces fought the first major battle of the Niagara campaign of 1814. When the last shots died away on Samuel Street's farm, more than 800 lay dead and wounded. Since 18 June 1812, when the United States declared war on Great Britain, a small force of British Regulars, Canadian Militia and Native Warriors had turned back seven American invasions of Canada. On 3 July 1814, Major General Jacob Brown, . . . — Map (db m49398) HM
Ontario (Niagara Region), Chippawa — Chippawa Battlefield Panel 2Opening Strikes — July 5, 1814 3:00 p.m.
At dawn 5 July 1814, parties of Canadian-Militia and British allied Native Warriors scouted the American camp. They began sniping from the bushes on the north side of Street's Creek and this continued throughout the morning. Around noon, General Brown ordered General Porter to take some of his men and end this harassing fire. At about 2pm, Porter led his New York and Pennsylvania Militia and allied Warriors into the woods to the west, crossed the creek and drove the scouting parties . . . — Map (db m49399) HM
Ontario (Niagara Region), Chippawa — Chippawa Battlefield Panel 3Advance to Contact — July 5, 1814 3:30 p.m.
Major General Phineas Riall, the British commander, had repaired the bridge over the Chippawa and ordered his own Regular light infantry, the local Canadians of the 2nd Lincoln Militia and a force of Native Warriors, to clear out the now scattered American skirmishers. The remainder of Riall's brigade 1st, 8th and 100th Regiments of Foot (1,400 men) marched south along the river road toward General Brown and his outpost. Brown could not see the British troops through the strip of trees just . . . — Map (db m49400) HM
Ontario (Niagara Region), Chippawa — Chippawa Battlefield Panel 4Battle on the Plain — July 5, 1814 4:30 p.m.
British General Riall was convinced that the greater part of Brown's army was still surrounding Fort Erie. He did not know the Fort had surrendered and he was facing the entire U.S. division. Still, the number of men deployed on both sides was virtually the same: 6 British guns verses 7 U.S., with each side mustering about 1400 regulars, 200 militia and 300 warriors. Confident in the abilities of his regulars, Riall advanced towards the waiting grey-coated line. The Redcoats pushed to . . . — Map (db m49402) HM
Ontario (Niagara Region), Chippawa — Chippawa Battlefield Panel 5Final Stages — July 5, 1814 5:30 p.m.
As the battle raged, more American artillery deployed to the middle of the plain between the 11th U.S. and the lone 25th U.S. company, less than 100 meters (109 yards) from the British line. General Brown then led Ripley's brigade across Street's Creek to the west in an effort to envelop the entire British Force. However, the creek was chest deep, the undergrowth thick and Ripley's men never did join the fight on the plain. Meanwhile, with point blank canister raking his line, the enemy's . . . — Map (db m49403) HM
Ontario (Niagara Region), Chippawa — Chippawa Battlefield Panel 6The Aftermath
The Aftermath. In the days following the battle, General Brown's victorious troops advanced another 25 kilometers (18 miles) north to Fort George before retiring back to Niagara Falls when more British troops arrived in the area. They met the British forces again on 25 July along another farmer's lane where 1,800 more men were killed and wounded. Following the bloody Battle of Lundy's Lane the American forces passed the field and graves of the Battle of Chippawa as they withdrew to Fort Erie. . . . — Map (db m49404) HM
Ontario (Niagara Region), Chippawa — Fort Chippawa 1791
The fortifications which stood on this site were built in 1791 to protect the southern terminus of the Niagara portage road, and serve as a forwarding depot for government supplies. Known also as Fort Welland, the main structure consisted of a log blockhouse surrounded by a stockade. During the War of 1812 several bloody engagements were fought in this vicinity including the bitterly contested Battle of Chippawa, July 5, 1814, and possession of the fort frequently changed hands. A barracks, . . . — Map (db m49164) HM
Ontario (Niagara Region), Chippawa — Navy IslandIle Navy
The British used Navy Island from 1761 to 1764 as a shipyard in which to build the first British decked vessels to sail the upper lakes. These were essential in maintaining the supply lines westward during Pontiac's uprising, 1763-4. Thereafter the island remained undisturbed until 14 December 1837 when William Lyon Mackenzie, after being defeated at Toronto, led a "Patriot" army from Buffalo to occupy it. Swift reaction by local militia and British regulars prevented his moving to the mainland . . . — Map (db m49052) HM
Ontario (Niagara Region), Fort Erie — Capture of the "Ohio" and "Somers"Prise des Goelettes "Ohio" et "Somers"
On the night of 12 August 1814, as a prelude to a British attack on Fort Erie, an expedition was mounted against three armed American schooners anchored off the fort. Captain Alexander Dobbs, R.N., embarked with 70 seamen and marines in six batteaux which had been portaged from Frenchman's Creek, and by a ruse got close enough to cut the hawsers and board and capture the OHIO and SOMERS. The third vessel, PORCUPINE, escaped. Dobb's victory was the last naval action fought on the Great Lakes in . . . — Map (db m48913) HM
Ontario (Niagara Region), Fort Erie — Conestoga Wagon Trek
The border between Canada and the United States of America has witnessed many migrations of people. At two times, however, the migration was primarily from south to north. That was in the troubled days just prior to the American Revolutionary War and during the uneasy decades when the new republic was being formed. During the last two decades of the eighteenth century, many people, motivated by loyalty to the British Crown and fearing some aspects of the course being set by the new United . . . — Map (db m75851) HM
Ontario (Niagara Region), Fort Erie — Fort Erie
Three fortifications occupied this site. The first (1764-1779) and second (c. 1783-1803), located at lower levels, were abandoned when ice and water inundated the works. The third Fort Erie, built between 1805 and 1808, was repaired in January 1814 but was captured by an invading American army in July of that same year. The Americans used it as a base for subsequent operations, retreated here after their defeat at Lundy's Lane, survived a siege by the British in August and September, and . . . — Map (db m48912) HM
Ontario (Niagara Region), Niagara Falls — Charles Green1740 - 1827 — United Empire Loyalist
“If the captain wants me, he may come himself and if he does I will shoot him.” With these words, Charles Green refused induction into the N. Jersey rebel militia. Imprisoned, he escaped and joined the “King’s Rangers” a loyalist unit. He “suffered very considerably both in person and property”. At war’s end he walked from N. Jersey leading his wife and two children on horseback. His wife Rebekah, buried next to him, gave birth eight days later to a . . . — Map (db m75879) HM
Ontario (Niagara Region), Niagara Falls — Edgeworth Ussher, Esq.
Edgeworth Ussher, Esq. November 16, 1838 Here rests, in the hope of a joyful resurrection, the mortal remains of Edgeworth Ussher, Esq., whose devotion to his sovereign and exertions in the cause of his country at a critical period of the history of Canada, marked him out as an object for the vengeance of the enemies of peace and good order by whom he was cruelly assassinated in the night of 16th November, 1838, in his own house near Chippawa at the early age . . . — Map (db m75852) HM WM
Ontario (Niagara Region), Niagara Falls — Holding the High Ground
Early on the morning of July 26th, 1814, Lieutenant-General Sir Gordon Drummond awaited another attack on the Lundy's Lane hill near Niagara Falls. Throughout the previous night, this hill had been taken and retaken in the bloodiest, most hard fought battle of the War of 1812-14. The expected attack did not occur. The Americans, exhausted, withdrew to Fort Erie. In November, they abandoned Fort Erie and retired across the Niagara River. Drummond and his troop's had successfully . . . — Map (db m49693) HM
Ontario (Niagara Region), Niagara Falls — Laura Secord
[Front Side of the Monument]: To perpetuate the name and fame of Laura Secord who walked alone nearly 20 miles by a circuitous difficult and perilous route, through woods and swamps and over miry roads to warn a British outpost at DeCew’s Falls of an intended attack and thereby enabled Lt. FitzGibbon on the 24th June 1813, with less than 50 men of H.M. 49th Regt., about 15 militiamen and a small force of Six Nations and other . . . — Map (db m49694) HM
Ontario (Niagara Region), Niagara Falls — Soldier's MonumentLundy's Lane
[Front Side of Monument]: Erected by the Canadian Parliament in honour of the victory gained by the British & Canadian Forces on this field on the 25th day of July, 1814 and in grateful remembrance of the brave men who died on that day fighting for the unity of the Empire. ———— 1895 ———— [Left Side of Monument]: In enduring memory of . . . — Map (db m49790) WM
Ontario (Niagara Region), Niagara-on-the-Lake — A Fort EvolvesFort Mississauga
The Tower By 1813, the British were planning to build "a tower in small redoubt to command the entrance of the Mississauga Point." Begun in the Spring of 1814, this tower rests on the remains of the first Capital of Upper Canada (today's Ontario). After the Americans burned the town of Newark in 1813, the British tore down the remaining brick walls and chimneys to provide a foundation. The tower was only two feet high in July when an American force under General . . . — Map (db m52200) HM
Ontario (Niagara Region), Niagara-on-the-Lake — A Strategic Location
A Strategic Location You are standing at Mississauga Point where the Niagara River flows into Lake Ontario. Long ago the lakes and rivers were military supply and transportation routes and forts were built to protect them. The large stone fort across the river is Fort Niagara. The French built a fort here in 1687, and the present one was begun in 1720. In August 1759 the British captured the fort after a lengthy seige. Prideaux and Johnston streets in Niagara-on-the-Lake . . . — Map (db m52610) HM
Ontario (Niagara Region), Niagara-on-the-Lake — Action at Butler's FarmEngagement a Butler's Farm
On the 8th of July, 1813, an outpost of the invading force, encamped near Fort George, was defeated by a band of Six Nations and Western Indians led by Chiefs John Norton and Blackbird and interpreters Michel Brisebois, Louis Langlade and Barnet Lyons. Lieutenant Samuel Eldridge and 22 soldiers of the 13th United States Infantry were killed and 12 taken prisoners. Le 8 juillet 1813, une bande d'Indiens des Six-Nations et d'Indiens de l'Ouest, conduite par les chefs John Norton et Blackbird . . . — Map (db m48747) HM
Ontario (Niagara Region), Niagara-on-the-Lake — Brown's Point
Brown's Inn was located here. Both the Canadian York Militia and the American Army bivouacked near here on separate occasions during the War of 1812. Adam Brown later added a store to his inn, and built a wharf on the river shore below, where sailing ships loaded settlers' produce, potash and lime destined for Montreal and overseas. — Map (db m49166) HM
Ontario (Niagara Region), Niagara-on-the-Lake — Butler's Rangers
In 1777 John Butler of New York raised a force of Rangers who, with their Iroquois allies, raided the frontiers of New York, Pennsylvania and New Jersey throughout the American Revolutionary War. From their base at Fort Niagara they successfully maintained British military power on the frontiers and seriously threatened rebel food supplies. When Fort Niagara became overcrowded in the autumn of 1778, Butler built near here a group of barracks to house his Rangers and their families. Disbanded in . . . — Map (db m75857) HM
Ontario (Niagara Region), Niagara-on-the-Lake — Capture of Fort Niagara1813
In the early morning of December 19th, 1813, a force under Colonel John Murray, consisting of detachments of the 100th and 41st Regiments. Royal Scots, Royal Artillery and Canadian Militia embarked in bateaux at the foot of this ravine. Crossing silently to a point above Youngstown, New York, they attacked Fort Niagara killing or capturing its American garrison. — Map (db m49158) HM
Ontario (Niagara Region), Niagara-on-the-Lake — Fort GeorgeIe Fort George
Constructed by order of Lieutenant-Governor Simcoe 1796-99, Fort George served as the headquarters for Major-General Brock in 1812. In May, 1813, it was bombarded and captured by the Americans who constructed fortifications of their own on the site. These in turn were retaken by the British in December 1813. In 1815 Fort George was described as "tumbling into ruins" and ordered abandoned. The present works are a reconstruction done in 1937-40, and represents the fort as it was in 1799-1813. . . . — Map (db m48743) HM
Ontario (Niagara Region), Niagara-on-the-Lake — Fort MississaugaLe Fort Mississauga
This tower and earthwork are all that survive of the barracks, guardroom, and cells of Fort Mississauga. Built between 1814 and 1816 to replace Fort George as the counterpoise to the American Fort Niagara immediately opposite, it was garrisoned until 1826. Repaired and rearmed following the Rebellion of 1837, it continued to be maintained until 1854 in response to border disputes with the United States. It was manned during the tense years of the American Civil War and the Fenian scare of 1866, . . . — Map (db m48745) HM
Ontario (Niagara Region), Niagara-on-the-Lake — Fort Mississauga is a National Historic Sitean impotant part of Canada's story!
• Mississauga Point was the location of a Neutral First Nation fishing settlement by the 15th century. • The area was under the control of the Seneca Nation during the late 17th century, and it became home to the Mississauga Nation by the 18th century. • Fort Mississauga was begun during the War of 1812, and helped the British and Canadians defend the Niagara frontier against a powerful invading American army in 1814. • It was completed after the War, and was a part of a defense . . . — Map (db m52236) HM
Ontario (Niagara Region), Niagara-on-the-Lake — Fort Mississauga TrailSentier du fort Mississauga
Explore a part of our heritage - visit a fort almost 200 years old and discover part of the Lake Ontario shoreline. Explorez un volet de notre patrimoine - visitez un fort qui a presque 200 ans d'histoire et decouvrez une partie du rivage du lac Ontario. — Map (db m48632) HM
Ontario (Niagara Region), Niagara-on-the-Lake — Navy Hall
The facilities of this strategic location have served British and later Canadian troops stationed at Niagara from 1765 to the 1920's. — Map (db m49477) HM
Ontario (Niagara Region), Niagara-on-the-Lake — Niagara Harbour and Dock Company
Formed by local businessmen in 1831, the Niagara Harbour and Dock Company created a shipping basin here on the Niagara River by hiring hundreds of labourers to excavate a riverside marsh. By the late 1830s the company employed close to 400 workers and was operating one of the busiest ports and shipyards in Upper Canada. The local economy boomed as the business prospered, then lapsed into recession after financial problems crippled the company in the late 1840s. The company's industrial complex . . . — Map (db m54049) HM
Ontario (Niagara Region), Niagara-on-the-Lake — Niagara Land Purchases
To obtain land on which to settle Loyalists and dispossessed members of the Six Nations of the Iroquois, Guy Johnson in May 1781 and John Butler in May 1784 negotiated treaties with representatives of the Mississauga and Chippewa of this region. The Crown thereby acquired title to a tract of land 6.4 km wide along the west bank of the Niagara River between Lakes Erie and Ontario. These two cessions were later confirmed by a third treaty negotiated by John Graves Simcoe, Lieutenant-Governor of . . . — Map (db m75863) HM
Ontario (Niagara Region), Niagara-on-the-Lake — Niagara National Historic Sites
Brock's Monument and Queenston Heights: This striking commemoration and final resting place of Major General Brock marks the site of the Battle of Queenston Heights. Visitors can climb the 235 stairs to take in spectacular views, or set off on a self-guided tour which covers every major scene of the historic battle Navy Hall Navy Hall survives as the last building of what was once a large military complex and key supply depot for British forts on the Upper . . . — Map (db m54037) HM
Ontario (Niagara Region), Niagara-on-the-Lake — Point Mississauga LighthouseLe Phare de Point Mississauga
The first lighthouse on the Great Lakes was built of stone at Point Mississauga in 1804 by John Symington, under orders from Lieutenant-Governor Peter Hunter. Demolished in 1814 to make room for this fort, its materials with debris from the ruined town of Niagara, were incorporated into this tower. En 1804, John Symington, sur l'ordre du lieutenant-gouverneur Peter Hunter, construisit le premier phare des Grand lacs à Point Mississauga. Ce phare, qui était en pierre, fut démoli en 1814 . . . — Map (db m48746) HM
Ontario (Niagara Region), Niagara-on-the-Lake — Six Pounder Field Gun
Field artillery was designed for mobility. Cannons mounted on carriages with large wheels could be moved quickly, even over rough terrain. This six pounder has a limber to carry ammunition and supplies and would be harnessed to a team of horses. Field guns like this were used by the Royal Artillery on battlefields around the world. After the defeat of the British forces at the Battle of Fort George, field guns manned by the Royal Artillery and the local militia were critical in delaying . . . — Map (db m54000) HM
Ontario (Niagara Region), Niagara-on-the-Lake — The Canada Constellation1799-1800
On July 20, 1799, the first edition of the "Canada Constellation", Upper Canada's earliest independent newspaper, was published at Niagara by Gideon and Silvester Tiffany, two brothers who had come from the United States. Gideon had at first held the post of King's Printer of Upper Canada and, with Silvester, edited the government-sponsored "Upper Canada Gazette". Suspected of American sympathies, the Tiffanys lost their government support in 1797 and were succeeded by Titus Geer Simons. Their . . . — Map (db m75864) HM
Ontario (Niagara Region), Niagara-on-the-Lake — The Field House
One of the oldest brick houses in Ontario, this handsome Georgian structure was built about 1800. Originally a farm house, it was the home of Gilbert Field (1765-1815), a United Empire Loyalist who was in possesion of the land by 1790. During the War of 1812 the house was used by British forces and was subjected to a brief bombardment from an American battery. Though damaged, it was one of the few homes in the area to survive the hostilities. It remained in the Field family until about 1925, . . . — Map (db m56718) HM
Ontario (Niagara Region), Niagara-on-the-Lake — Ubique
Everywhere Artillery was vitally important to the defense of Upper Canada. Due to a shortage of heavy cannons available in the province, there were only five garrison guns mounted inside Fort George in May of 1813. Moving large cannons weighing several tons was a challenge. The easiest way to move guns was by water. Movement by land was slow and labour intensive and could expose the men moving them to enemy fire. Bad weather and poor roads could also make the . . . — Map (db m53989) HM
Ontario (Niagara Region), Niagara-on-the-Lake — Vrooman's BatteryLa Batterie Vrooman
Manned by Captain Samuel Hatt's 5th Lincoln (Militia) Regiment and a small party of the Lincoln Militia Artillery under Lieutenant John Ball, and consisting of one 24-pounder cannon mounted within a crescent-shaped earthwork, this Battery was engaged in the Battle of Queenston Heights on the 13th of October, 1812. Commanding the Niagara river, its continuous fire harassed the Americans crossing from Lewiston, provided cover for the British when they were first repulsed from the heights, and . . . — Map (db m48750) HM
Ontario (Niagara Region), Niagara-on-the-Lake — Welcome to Fort George
Built in 1796, Fort George was the scene of fierce engagements during the War of 1812. It was captured and destroyed then refortified by the Americans in 1813. It was re-taken by the British later that same year. The fort was abandoned in the 1820's, and only the original stone powder magazine survives today. Fort George was reconstructed between 1937-40. Today we invite you to pass through the fort gates and re-live this exciting era in history. — Map (db m54038) HM
Ontario (Niagara Region), Queenston — 1. AttackThe Battle of Queenston Heights Walking Tour — Stop 1 of the 5-stop walking tour
If you go to the lookout behind the Laura Secord monument you will see across the river and slightly to your right the area where a huge American force assembled for the invasion of Canada. In the early hours of October 13, 1812, six hundred American soldiers crossed the river and landed on the Canadian shore somewhere above the present docks. Queenston was chosen as the target because it was an important point on the British supply line and because the only other possible landing spot was the . . . — Map (db m55029) HM
Ontario (Niagara Region), Queenston — 5. The Decisive BattleThe Battle of Queenston Heights Walking Tour — Stop 5 of the 5-stop walking tour
On the plateau before you, the British and Americans met for battle. The British formed a line to your right, the Americans to your left. General Sheaffe formed a British counter-offensive force of nine hundred men in a line shoulder to shoulder. The Americans were slightly greater in number but had not been reinforced with troops or arms since the arrival of the Indians. They had to meet the British with their backs to the river precipice. The British combined force advanced with fixed . . . — Map (db m55028) HM
Ontario (Niagara Region), Queenston — Brock's Monument
Upper Canada has dedicated this monument to the memory of the late Major-General Sir Issac Brock K.B. Provisional Lieut.Governor and commander of the forces in this province whose remains are deposited in the vault beneath. Opposing the invading enemy he fell in action near these heights on the 13th of October 1812, in the 43 year of his age. Revered and lamented by the people whom he governed and deplored by the sovreign to whose service his life had . . . — Map (db m49926) HM
Ontario (Niagara Region), Queenston — Brock's Monument - Queenston Heights Battlefield
The monument towering above you is a memorial to Major-General Sir Isaac Brock commander of British forces in Upper Canada at the beginning of the War of 1812. Brock died on the slopes below Queenston Heights on October 13, 1812, during an engagement between British and American forces. It was a battle that had great significance for Canada. This monument was constructed between 1853-56. It is 56 metres (184 feet) high and is constructed entirely of cut stone. Parks Canada maintains the . . . — Map (db m52137) HM
Ontario (Niagara Region), Queenston — Home of Laura Ingersoll Secord
[Text inscribed on stone monument]: Home of Laura Ingersoll Secord. [Text on lower plaque]: This stone marker was placed in 1901 by the Women's Literary Club of St. Catharines to honour Laura Secord and was re- dedicated in 1972 by members of the Club on the occasion of their 80th annual pilgrimage. — Map (db m51612) HM
Ontario (Niagara Region), Queenston — Indians at Queenston HeightsOctober 13, 1812
Warriors of the Six Nations of Iroquois (Mohawks, Oniedas Onondagos, Cayugas, Senecas, Tuscaroras), mainly from the Grand River, fought as allies of the British in this historic battle with the Americans. Speaking distinctive dialects and with different religious beliefs, these Indians were drawn together for the battle by John Norton, a resourceful and courageous commander. Norton, a man of Cherokee and Scottish ancestry, was a Mohawk (Teyoninhokarawen) by adoption. With John Brant . . . — Map (db m49168) HM
Ontario (Niagara Region), Queenston — Laura Secord (1775-1868)
[English text]: The celebrated heroine of the war of 1812 is a renowned figure in Canadian History. Determined to warn the British of an impending attack on Beaver Dams, Secord set out from her home on June 22, 1813, on a dangerous mission. She traveled alone for over 30 kilometers, behind enemy lines, struggling to make it to the De Cew farmhouse, where she informed Lieutenant Fitzgibbon about the American plan. Later in the 19th century, a first generation of women historians . . . — Map (db m51613) HM
Ontario (Niagara Region), Queenston — Sir Roger Hale Sheaffe1763 - 1851
On October 13, 1812, following Isaac Brock's death in a preceding assault, Major-General Sheaffe assumed command and led a successful attack which dislodged an invading American force from Queenston Heights. Born in Boston, Mass., Sheaffe was commissioned in the British army in 1778 and fought in the American Revolution and the Napoleonic Wars. Arriving in Upper Canada in 1812, he served as Administrator of the province 1812-13, and returned to England in the latter year. He was created a . . . — Map (db m49161) HM
Ontario (Niagara Region), Queenston — The "Colored Corps" 1812 - 1815
[Side of Marker Using English Text]: When the War of 1812 began, people of African descent in the Niagara peninsular feared an American invasion. They were anxious to preserve their freedom and prove their loyalty to Britain. Many joined the militia; others offered to raise their own militia company. Authorities responded by forming a "Colored Corps" of about thirty men commanded by white officers. Based in the Niagara region throughout the war, it fought at Queenston Heights in . . . — Map (db m49162) HM
Ontario (Niagara Region), Queenston — The Battle of Queenston HeightsLa Batatille des Hauteurs de Queenston
In the early morning of 13 October 1812, American troops under Major-General Stephen Van Rensellaer crossed the Niagara River and took possession of Queenston Heights. Major-General Isaac Brock hurried from Fort George to lead a small force against the invaders and was killed in an attempt to regain the heights. In the afternoon, Major-General Roger Hale Sheaffe with his force of British regulars, militia and Indians from Fort George strengthened by reinforcements from Chippawa, took the hill . . . — Map (db m48908) HM
Ontario (Niagara Region), Queenston — The Battle of Queenston HeightsThe Battle of Queenston Heights Walking Tour
The Battle of Queenston Heights The village below you and the heights on which you are standing were the stage for the famous Battle of Queenston Heights. It took place during the Anglo-American conflict 1812-1815 known as the War of 1812. During the early morning hours of October 13, 1812 an American invasion force camped at Lewiston crossed the Niagara river and gained control of the heights of Queenston. After many hours of fierce combat, they were crushed by a combined . . . — Map (db m51682) HM
Ontario (Niagara Region), St. Catharines — Lock 24 - First Welland Canal
A timber lock with inside dimensions of 33.7m (108 ft.) by 6.6m (22 ft.) was constructed on this site between 1824 and 1827. The lock walls consisted of earth filled cribs 5.2m (16 ft) thick and 7.6m (25 ft) deep. This was the 24th lock of 39 that lifted ships from Port Dalhousie on Lake Ontario up the Niagara Escarpment to Port Robinson on the Chippawa Creek. From there they proceeded into the Niagara River and on to Lake Erie. Each lock lifted a ship an average of 3m (10ft). This canal opened . . . — Map (db m75871) HM
Ontario (Niagara Region), Thorold — Beaver Dams
Following their repulse at Stoney Creek the Americans sent a force from Fort George to destroy a British advanced post at Beaver Dams. Warned of their approach by an Indian scout and by Laura Secord, a force of Indians from Caughnawaga and the Grand River, led by Captains Dominique Ducharme and William Kerr, ambushed the attackers near here on 24 of June 1813, and compelled them to surrender to Lieutenant James Fitzgibbon of the regular British army. After this defeat the Americans did not . . . — Map (db m48909) HM
Prince Edward Island (Queens County), Rocky Point — The Grand DérangementÎle Saint-Jean
English: The Grand Dérangement L’Acadie, established by France in 1604, was a strategically located and highly coveted colony. In 1713, it was handed over to England and renamed Nova Scotia. The foundation of Halifax, in 1749, led part of the Acadian population to move to French territory. The remaining Acadians were still perceived as a threat, and in 1755, the British authorities launched their systematic deportation, splitting up families and communities, seizing all . . . — Map (db m80437) HM
Quebec (Bellechasse MRC), Sainte-Claire — Sainte-Claire (Dorchester)
The parish of Sainte-Claire is in the seigniory granted to Louis Jolliet, the discoverer of the Mississipi, by Frontenac, as Governor, and Bochart Champigny, as Intendant, on the 30th of April, 1697. French translation is to the left of the English text above. Map (db m74883) HM
Quebec (Ville-Marie Borough), Montréal — Antoine Laumet de La Mothe, sieur de Cadillac
[The coat of arms of Quebec] “Je Me Souviens” Ici vécut -- Here lived Antoine Laumet de Lamothe Sieur de Cadillac (1658-1730), Fondateur de -- Founder of Détroit, -- Detroit, Governeur de -- Governor of La Louisiane -- Louisiana Commission des Monuments Historiques — Map (db m78185) HM
Quebec (Ville-Marie Borough), Montréal — Le Château Ramezay / Château Ramezay
[Royal Coat of Arms of Canada] Le gouverneur de Montréal Claude de Ramezay fit ériger ici en 1705, par Pierre Couturier, un édifice pour lui servir de demeure. La Compagnie des Indes occidentales, qui le posséda de 1745 à 1763, le fit rebâtir et élargir en 1756 selon les plans de Paul Tessier dit Lavigne. Les gouverneurs généraux résidèrent au Château de 1773 à 1844, les envahisseurs américains s’y logèrent en 1775-1776, et le Conseil exécutif y siégea en 1839. Il abrita après 1849, des . . . — Map (db m36937) HM
Costa Rica, San José — Andrés Bello
Don Andres Bello 1781-1865 Donacion del Dr. Luis Herrera Campins Presidente de la Republica de Venezuela A Costa Rica en ocasión del Bicentenario del nacimiento del gran sabio venezolano 29-noviembre-1981 English translation: Andrés Bello 1781-1865 Donated by Dr. Luis Herrera Campins President of the Republic of Venezuela To Costa Rica on occasion of the 200th anniversary of the birth of the Venezuelan genius November 29, 1981 — Map (db m92455) HM
Costa Rica, San José — Christopher Columbus in Costa RicaCristóbal Colón en Costa Rica
Quinto Centenario En nombre del pueblo de Costa Rica, el Presidente de la Republica, Doctor Abel Pacheco de la Espriella, develo esta placa para conmemorar el 500 aniversario de la llegada del Almirante Cristobal Colon a tierras costarricenses, en septiembre de 1502, y para hacer honor de los lazos inquebrantables de amistad entre Costa Rica y España. En presencia del Embajador en mision especial de España para la celebración de este acontecimiento, Cristobal Colon de Carvajal, Duque de . . . — Map (db m92612) HM
Dominica, Saint John, Chance — Cabrits Calendar of EventsCalendrier des Evènements des Cabrits
3000 BC - The first Amerindian people settle in the bay. Les premiers Amérindiens s'installent dans la baie. 1493 - One ship of Columbus fleet on his 2nd Voyage enters the bay and sees dwellings and people. Un navire de la flotte de Christophe Colomb entre dans la baie lores de son deuxième voyage et remarque la presence d'habitations et d'un peuplement. 1504 - Christopher Columbus passes the Cabrits on his 4th Voyage. Christophe Colomb passe devant les Cabrits lors de son quatrième voyage. . . . — Map (db m94478) HM
Dominica, Saint John, Chance — Cabrits National Park
This is the second national park established in Dominica and comprises both land and sea - rich in natural resources and historical features, the area supports a wide range of important activities, including diving, snorkeling, yachting, cruise tourism, beach recreation, and fishing. The Park was officially designated in 1986 under the National Parks & Protected Areas Act. The Park includes a large area of sea, which surrounds the Cabrits Peninsula and includes the historic 18th Century Fort . . . — Map (db m94440) HM
Dominica, Saint John, Chance — Fort Shirley
Fort Shirley was positioned between the two hills with a direct line of site (sic, sight) to all parts of the garrison and guarding directly over Prince Rupert's Bay and the dock. The land side of the fort was protected by batteries in other parts of the garrison. The fort and all the garrison buildings were built by slaves rented from the plantations, white artisans, soldiers and engineers. They felled trees, cut and shaped stone, carried boulders, hauled cannons, and kept the site . . . — Map (db m94476) HM
Dominica, Saint John, Chance — Guard House, Powder Magazine
The Guard House, manned at all times, was the nerve centre of the entire garrison. All signals and comings and goings were monitored here. Gun slits faced onto the entrance passage in the event of an invasion. The room behind was the prison or lock-up. The Powder Magazine was initially designed as a casemated gunchamber to defend the entrance of the valley. When it was changed to a powder magazine all the vents and windows were blocked up. Notice the unique method of ventilation. The two . . . — Map (db m94499) HM
Dominica, Saint John, Chance — Officers' Quarters
The officers lived in separate quarters. Some had their families with them, in the married quarters on the slope or down in Roseau as the garrison, close to the swamp, was considered unhealthy. The Commandant live in an elegant house up against the hill of the East Cabrit. It was designed by the colonial American architect Peter Harrison (1713-1773). The site was chosen as a cool, sheltered place, away from the swamp. But in fact the air there was heavy and fetid, and his quarters were moved . . . — Map (db m94500) HM
Dominica, Saint John, Chance — Upper Battery, Signal Station
The garrison at the Cabrits never saw any action, although the Battle of the Saints, fought between the French and British fleets on 12 April 1782, occurred within sight of the ramparts, and Fort Shirley was the scene of the revolt of the 8th West India Regiment in 1802. In 1805, an attack was mounted by French Napoleonic forces under the command of General LaGrange in an attempt to capture the island. The capital, Roseau, fell to the French but British Governor George Prevost managed to . . . — Map (db m94501) HM
Dominica, Saint John, Chance — Water Catchment, Troops' Kitchen, Stables
Fort Shirley was served by three cisterns that collected water from the roofs and the water catchment platform. If there was threat of an attack, water from the nearby rivers was brought into the fort by oxen cart. Food was purchased from neighbouring estates. The men were allowed weekly rations of beef or pork, biscuit, or flour to make bread, dried peas, rice raisins, and sometimes butter. To vary this repetitious diet, troops would often sell their rations and buy plantain, vegetables and . . . — Map (db m94502) HM
Dominican Republic, Santo Domingo — Borgellá's PalacePalacio de Borgellá — (Antigua Casa de Diego de Herrera)
Vivienda del siglo XVI, originalmente habitada por el escribano Diego de Herrera, importante personaje de la colonia española. La galería frontal con arcos se le añade durante la ocupación haitiana de 1822 a 1844, cuando fue remodelada para Casa de Gobierno, por el gobernador haitiano Gerónimo Borgellá. En 1863 fue asiento de la Real Audiencia durante la anexión a España. Ha sido sede del Tribunal de Justicia y del Senado de la República. English translation: A 16th century building, . . . — Map (db m92597) HM
Dominican Republic, Santo Domingo — Cathedral of Santo Domingo, First of the AmericasLa Catedral de Santo Domingo Primada de América
Creado por el Papa Julio II en su bula Romanus Pontifex (8 de agosto de 1511). Es la primera de las Catedrales de América. Fue erigida el 12 de mayo de 1512, albergándose en un edificio de paja y madera hasta que se construyó la obra de cantería, cuya primera piedra colocó el segundo obispo D. Alejando Geraldini. El arquitecto Luis de Moya inició las obras en 1523 quedando concluidas su principal estructura en 1540. Desde su origen estuvo dedicado a Nuestra Señora de la Encarnación. Mediante . . . — Map (db m92704) HM
Dominican Republic, Santo Domingo — Christopher Columbus' Last Residence
Esta casa fué la última morada en América desde el 13 de agosto hasta el 11 de septiembre, 1504 de Cristóbal Colón
Descubridor del Nuevo Mundo, Primer Almirante de la Mar Oceana y de las Indias Occidentales, Virrey y Gobernador General. Conmemoración de los 505 años de su regreso a España. Fundación Amigos del Museo de las Casas Reales, Inc. Secretaría de Estado de Cultura 11 de septiembre de 2009 English translation: This house was the last residence in the Americas, from . . . — Map (db m92723) HM
Dominican Republic, Santo Domingo — First City Hall in the AmericasPrimer ayuntamiento de America
Primer ayuntamiento de America fundado en La Isabela el 24 de abril de 1494 - Diego Colon._ Presidente del Ayto. Pedro Fernandez C._ Oficial Mayor Padre Bernardo Boil._ Regidor Alonso Sanchez Carvajal._ Regidor Juan de Lujan._ Regidor - Homenaje del Ayuntamiento – Disto. Nacional. _ 24 de abril de 1979. English translation: First City Hall in the Americas founded in La Isabela April 24, 1494 Diego Colon. President Pedro Fernandez C. First Official Padre Bernardo Boil. Council . . . — Map (db m92692) HM
Dominican Republic, Santo Domingo — First Municipal Council in the Americas
Homenaje del Primer Cabildo de America al Adelantado Don Bartolome Colon Fundador en la margen oriental del Rio Ozama de la Villa de Santo Domingo del dia 5 de agosto del año 1498 para luego ser traslada a esta parte por el Gobernador de la Isla Hispaniola Frey Nicolas de Ovando en el año 1502 Sindicatura 1998-2002 English translation: Tribute to the First Municipal Council in the Americas formed by Bartolome Colon founder of Santo Domingo on the eastern shore of the Ozama River on . . . — Map (db m92695) HM
Dominican Republic, Santo Domingo — House of the JesuitsCasa de los Jesuitas
Asiento del Colegio de la Compañía de Jesus, fundado por Juan Jeronimo de Ribera y Quesada y provisto de licencia real el 23 de septiembre de 1701, erigido en Universidad y estudio general, con las mismas facultades y privilegios que gozaba la que se fundó en el Colegio de Gorjón el 23 de ferero de 1558. El Colegio se convirtió en la Universidad Real y Pontificia en Santiago de la Paz y de Gorjón en los años 1747 y 1748 English translation: House of the Jesuits. Founding location of . . . — Map (db m92758) HM
Dominican Republic, Santo Domingo — Palace of the GovernorsPalacio de los Gobernadores de la isla Española
Palacio de los Gobernadores de la isla Española. Capitanes generales y presidente de la Real Audiencia, primero de America construido alrededor de 1512 Sirvio de residencia a estos funcionarios reales durante la epoca colonial. En el periodo republicano fue sede del gobierno nacional hasta el año de 1947. Con motivo XX aniversario de la fundacion English translation: Palace of the Governors of the island Hispaniola. Captains general and the president of the Royal Court, first in the . . . — Map (db m92842) HM
Dominican Republic, Santo Domingo — The Colonial City of Santo Domingo
La Ciudad Colonial de Santo Domingo fue declarada por la UNESCO Patrimonio Mundial En la XIV reunión del Comité del Patrimonio Mundial celebrada en Banff, Canada en diciembre de 1990, por su influencia en la arquitectura y el urbanismo de América, por su valor histórica y por esta asociado a eventos y hechos de trascendencia universal. La ciudad de Santo Domingo fue fundada por el Adelantado Don Bartolomé Colón el 5 de agosto de 1498 siguiendo instrucciones de los Reyes Católicos y de su . . . — Map (db m92856) HM
Dominican Republic, Santo Domingo — The Dávila HouseCasa de los Dávila
Edificio construido a inicios del siglo XVI por Francisco Dávila, oidor de la Real Audiencia y regidor de la ciudad. Única residencia de la colonia con capilla privada. English translation: This building was constructed at the beginning of the 16th century for Francisco Dávila, judge in the Royal Court and city councilman. This was the only residence of the colony with a private chapel. — Map (db m92724) HM
Dominican Republic, Santo Domingo — The French EmbassyEmbajada de Francia
Edificacion construida por orden del Gobernador Ovando a partir del 1502 Sirvio de morada a importantes personajes Ha servido de sede a instituciones publicas del estado Tradicionalmente se conocia como la casa de Hernan Cortes Restaurada por el Gobierno Constitucional en 1978 y remodelada en 1999 por la Republica Francesa English translation: This building was constructed by order of Governor Ovando starting in 1502. It served as a residence for many important persons. It has been the . . . — Map (db m92558) HM
Dominican Republic, Santo Domingo — The Plaza of the PriestsLa Plazoleta de los Curas
La llamada Plazoleta de los Curas es el recinto abierto de la antigua Claustra o claustro de la misma Catedral, trazada en 1541 por el Reverendísimo Licenciado Don Alonso de Fuenmayor, obispo de esta Diócesis Primada, Presidente a la vez de nuestra Real Audiencia y Chancillería, y luego primer arzobispo del Arzobispado de Santo Domingo. En su entorno fueron construidas algunas viviendas para uso de los ilustres Miembros del Excelentísimo Cabildo Eclesiástico. Fue utilizada como cementerio y . . . — Map (db m92630) HM
Dominican Republic, Santo Domingo — The Residence of Treasurer Cristóbal de Santa ClaraLa Casa del Tesorero Cristóbal de Santa Clara
Esta edificación fue iniciada en 1505 sirviendo de casa morada del tesorero Cristobal de Santa Clara. En 1508 por disposición de S.A.R. Don Fernando el Catolico sirvió de asiento a la casa de contratación y luego fue sede de la Real Audiencia y Chancilleria de Santo Domingo, primera del Nuevo Mundo, creada por la Real Provision de S.A.R. La Reina Doña Juana 1ra de Castilla en Burgos el 5 de Octubre de 1511 Republica Dominicana Suprema Corte de Justicia 5 de octubre de 1992 Año del . . . — Map (db m92815) HM
Dominican Republic, Santo Domingo — The Royal and Pontifical University Santo Tomás de Aquino
En este mismo lugar, en el año 1538 fue instalada, mediante la bula “In Apostolatus Culmine” La Real y Pontificia Universidad Santo Tomás de Aquino, primera luz de la ciencia en el nuevo mundo. Su continuadora, la Universidad Autónoma de Santo Domingo, faro de la juventud y del porvenir dominicanos, se inclina ante su propia tradición. 1538 - 1968 English translation: In this place in 1538 was installed, through the Papal Bull “In Apostolatus Culmine”, the . . . — Map (db m92516) HM
El Salvador, Cuscatlán, Suchitoto — Church PlatformPlataforma de Iglesia
La iglesia de la Trinidad era la que funcionaba dentro de la villa de San Salvador y en 1539 ó 1540 se llevó a cabo el primer matrimonio religioso documentado en el territorio. Este fue entre Francisco Castellón y Catalina Gutiérrez, mujer mestiza, hija del artillero Diego de Usagre y una mujer Mixteca (grupo indígena étnico proveniente de México) conocida como Magdalena. Francisco Castellón y Catalina Gutiérrez tuvieron cinco hijos: Lucas, Marcos, Juan, Leonor y Francisca Castellón y . . . — Map (db m93954) HM
El Salvador, Cuscatlán, Suchitoto — Ciudad Vieja Archaeological SiteSitio Arqueológico Ciudad Vieja de El Salvador
El proceso de la conquista española de América generó diversos paisajes culturales en los cuales se plasmó la huella, tanto de los conquistadores como de los conquistados. La prístina Villa de San Salvador fue fundada en 1525 por orden de Pedro de Alvarado y abandonada en 1526 debido a una rebelión indígena. Posteriormente, el primero de abril de 1528 se funda la primera Villa permanente de San Salvador en el valle de La Bermuda por orden de Jorge de Alvarado. El sitio arqueológico histórico . . . — Map (db m93975) HM
El Salvador, Cuscatlán, Suchitoto — 2 — Streets of Ciudad ViejaCalles de Ciudad Vieja
Esta forma urbana tiene como elemento de orígen la Plaza Mayor, de la cual se desprende una serie de calles que permiten, por la simplicidad de su diseño, acoplarse a las necesidades de división y parcelación en solares, además de proporcionar un mejor control de acceso, comunicicación y defensa. La cuadrícula, también permitió la planificación de calles suficientemente amplias para una buena circulación de sus habitantes. Las calles que se encuentran en el sitio Ciudad Vieja corresponden a . . . — Map (db m93968) HM
El Salvador, Cuscatlán, Suchitoto — 6 — Structure 1D1 or Southern Surveillance PointEstructura 1D1 o Puesto de Vigilancia Sur
El puesto de vigilancia sur, ubicado a las afueras del trazo urbano tenía como objetivo controlar toda actividad que pusiera en peligro la vida de los habitantes de la villa, especialmente de los ataques de las poblaciones indígenas locales. Este lugar también tiene una magnífica vista hacia el lado oeste y este del sitio. En dicha estructura se encontraron restos de carbón, cerámica, objetos de metal y una punta de proyectil así como restos de obsidiana, lo que sugiere que este espacio fue de . . . — Map (db m93963) HM
El Salvador, Cuscatlán, Suchitoto — Structure 3D2Estructura 3D2
Ocupaba un lugar muy destacado ya que forma la esquina suroeste de la Plaza Mayor. Según las evidencias arqueológicas encontradas durante las excavaciones, como por ejemplo, una canaleta en el piso, desechos de hierro, tierra quemada, ceniza y carbón, se ha sugerido que se trataba de un taller de herrería para la manufactura de armas usadas en la Conquista. Posiblemente esta estructura es una de las más tempranas del sitio cuando fue fundada la Villa de San Salvador debido su ubicación y a la . . . — Map (db m93930) HM
El Salvador, Cuscatlán, Suchitoto — 5 — Structure 4D1Estructura 4D1
Esta estructura fue de las últimas investigadas y restauradas en el sitio en el año 2011. Debido a los materiales arqueológicos encontrados, como escoria de hierro, carbón, clavos y tachuelas, esta estructura posiblemente fue un lugar para comercio como una tienda; además, se encontró en una de sus esquinas un cimiento de adobe donde posiblemente estaba colocado un poste de madera. Los cimientos de la estructura, como todas las demás del sitio, estaban compuestos de piedras y tierra . . . — Map (db m93929) HM
El Salvador, Cuscatlán, Suchitoto — 1 — Structure 4E1 or CabildoEstructura 4E1 o El Cabildo
Esto se identificó, debido al método constructivo, ubicación, planta arquitectónica y materiales culturales encontrados durante las excavaciones. Esta estructura era donde los españoles ejercían el poder cívico-administrativo. La estructura está construida sobre y en medio de roca madre de tipo andesita, utilizando además para su edificación, teja, baldosas y un piso de tierra compactada con baldosas de barro cocido. El Cabildo posee una forma rectangular con una dimensión de 6.5 m norte-sur, . . . — Map (db m93959) HM
El Salvador, San Salvador — Dr. José Matías Delgado
Al Presbítero Dr. José Matías Delgado Prócer de la Independencia de Centro América 5 de noviembre de 1911. Homenaje de la Colonia Alemana English translation: To Presbyter Dr. José Matías Delgado Supporter of the Independence of Central America November 5, 1911. Tribute from the German Community of San Salvador — Map (db m83906) HM
El Salvador, San Salvador — Father Nicolas AguilarPadre Nicolas Aguilar
Tonacatepeque, Dic. 16 1742 San Salvador, Sept. 12 1818 Con gran vocacion para la carrerra elesiastica; ejemplo que siguieron posteriormente sus hermanos Vicente y Manuel, Proceres de la Independencia, de quienes era hermano mayor, en 1824 mientras su hermano Manuel se encontraba encarcelado y Don Vicente reconcentrado en Guatemala; Don Nicolas, si bien libre por consideracion a sus años, era vigilado pues aunque viejo y decrepito, era un formidable enemigo, siempre dispuesto a defender . . . — Map (db m83872) HM
El Salvador, Santa Ana, Metapán — Bicentennial of the First Cry of Central American Independence
Conmemorando los 200 años del Primer Grito de Independencia Centroamericana… Plasmamos un reconocimiento en Metapán a los y las patriotas reconocidos históricamente y a los aun anónimos que participaron en el movimiento independencista de 1811. El pueblo salvadoreño y las autoridades civiles militares y municipales les recordamos Con admiración y gratitud. “Ne techan Metapan, tajipaluli ipal simuat iuan takat”, “El pueblo de Metapan saluda a sus . . . — Map (db m88420) HM WM
El Salvador, Santa Ana, Metapán — Municipality of MetapánLa Municipalidad de Metapán
Jaguares: Simbolo de Fortaleza y destreza de los indigenas, ahora de nuestro municipio, cañones obtenidos en batalla librada en Metapan en el año de 1903 contra el ejercito de Guatemala Forman el barandal de nuestro portal. Fronton principal, columnas dórica herencia de la cultura y arquitectura traída por España a los metapanecos. Al fondo un maguey representando nuestro nombre y en lo alto nuestra bandera que al ondear envuelve nuestros sueños. Palacio Municipal en Homenaje al buen gusto . . . — Map (db m88958) HM
Guatemala, Guatemala, Guatemala City — First Council of the City of GuatemalaFirst Council of the New Guatemala of the Assumption
Aqui se celebro el Primer Cabildo de la Ciudad de Guatemala, el 2 de enero de 1776. Guatemala, Ciudad Bicentenaria Municipalidad de Guatemala 2 de enero de 1976. English translation: Here was celebrated The First City Council of the City of Guatemala. January 2, 1776. Guatemala, Bicentennial City Municipality of Guatemala January 2, 1976. — Map (db m92474) HM
Guatemala, Guatemala, Guatemala City — The Central American Act of IndependenceActa de Independencia de Centroamerica — Independencia de Guatemala
El Acta de La Independencia de Centroamerica se firmo aqui el 15 de Septiembre 1821 English translation: The Act of the Independence of Central America was signed here the 15th of September 1821. — Map (db m68561) HM
Guatemala, Sacatepéquez, Antigua Guatemala — First Printing Press in Central AmericaPrimera Imprenta en Centro América
Esta es la casa donde se establecio la primera imprenta que hubo en Centro America año de 1660. El Reyno de Coathemala fue la tercer colonia Hispano Americana que tuvo imprenta. English translation: This is the house where the first printing press was established in Central America in 1660. The Kingdom of Coathemala was the third Spanish colony in the Americas to have a printing press. — Map (db m70414) HM
Guatemala, Sacatepéquez, Antigua Guatemala — First Rector and Graduate of the University of San Carlos
La Republica de Colombia al Primer Rector de la Universidad de San Carlos de Guatemala, el ilustrísimo doctor Don Jose de Baños y Sotomayor y al primer graduado en sus claustros, bachiller presbítero Don Juan de Oviedo y Baños, naturales de Santa Fe Bogota, en el tricentenario de la fundición de la Real y Pontifica Universidad de San Carlos de Guatemala. Homenaje del Colegio de Notarios de Colombia Bogota-Guatemala 1976 English translation: The Republic of Colombia to the First . . . — Map (db m92480) HM
Guatemala, Sacatepéquez, Antigua Guatemala — Francisco Marroquín and the San Pedro Hospital1563 - Abril 18 - 1968
Homenaje de la Municipalidad de esta Ciudad al 1r Obispo de Guatemala Ilmo Lic. Dn Francisco Marroquín, Fundador del Hospital de San Pedro, en el 4o centenario de su muerte English translation: Tribute from the Municipality of this City to the First Bishop of Guatemala the Illustrious Francisco Marroquín, founder of the Hospital of San Pedro, on the four hundredth anniversary of his death. — Map (db m83536) HM
Guatemala, Sacatepéquez, Antigua Guatemala — Friar Bartolomé de las Casas
Fray Bartolome de las Casas Primer Vicario del convento de Santo Domingo de esta Metropoli y segundo Obispo de Chiapas_Ynsigne Varon, Primer escritor de la Antigua Ciudad de Guatemala Protector de los Yndios_ Escribió: 1a Apologética Historica de las Calidades de las gentes de las Yndias 2a Historia general de las Yndias 3a De la Destruccion de las Yndias. 4a De Unico Vocationis Modo y algunas otras obras que se . . . — Map (db m91694) HM
Guatemala, Sacatepéquez, Antigua Guatemala — Home of Brother PedroCasa del Hermano Pedro de San José de Betancourt
Aqui vivio Fray Pedro de San Jose Betancourt Apostol de la Caridad Nacio en Tenerife en Marzo de 1626 Murio en Esta el 25 de Abril de 1667 English translation: Here lived Friar Pedro de San José de Betancourt, Apostle of Charity, Born in Tenerife in March 1626, Died here on April 25, 1667. — Map (db m70121) HM
Guatemala, Sacatepéquez, Antigua Guatemala — Palace of the Captaincy GeneralPalacio de los Capitanes Generales
Palacio de los Capitanes Generales del Reyno de Goathemala Durante 231 años esta ciudad fue la metropoli de Centro America English translation: Palace of the Captaincy General of the Kingdom of Goathemala During 231 years this city was the metropolis of Central America — Map (db m71316) HM
Guatemala, Sacatepéquez, Antigua Guatemala — Santiago Hospital and Francisco Marroquín1563 - Abril 18 - 1963
Homenaje de la Legión de Santiago de los Caballeros de Guatemala al 1r Obispo de Guatemala Ilmo Lic. Dn Francisco Marroquín, Fundador del Hospital de Santiago, en el 4o centenario de su muerte English translation: Tribute from the Legion of the Knights of Santiago of Guatemala to the First Bishop of Guatemala the Illustrious Francisco Marroquín, founder of the Hospital of Santiago, on the four hundredth anniversary of his death. — Map (db m82284) HM
Guatemala, Sacatepéquez, Antigua Guatemala — Sculptor Quirio Cataño
En esta ilustre ciudad vivio el maestro de la colonia 1595 "Quirio Cataño" 1995 Escultor del milagroso Cristo Negro de Esquipulas. Para eterna memoria rinden tributo: El Comite del IV Centenario con sede en Esquipulas y la revista: Nuestra Cuaresma La Antigua Guatemala 12 de Marzo de 1995 English translation: In this illustrious city lived the master of the colony 1595 "Quirio Cataño" 1995 Sculptor of the miraculous Black Christ of Esquipulas. To his eternal memory . . . — Map (db m71290) HM
Guatemala, Sacatepéquez, Antigua Guatemala — Volcano AguaVolcán de Agua
El nombre se origina a raíz de la destrucción de la ciudad de Santiago de los Caballeros en su segundo asiento oficial, en septiembre de 1541, cuando quedó soterrada por un gran torrente de agua y piedra que brotó del seno del volcán. Esta inundación se debió a la ruptura de un dique natural causada por fuertes sismos que provocaron la correntada del agua estancada en las laderas. Este volcán es el que tiene el mayor volumen en Guatemala, con un diámetro en su base de aproximadamente 15 . . . — Map (db m92531) HM
Guatemala, Sacatepéquez, Ciudad Vieja — Founding of the First Capital of Guatemala
La Sociedad de Geografia e Historia rememora hoy la fundacion de la primera capital del Reino de Guatemala por Don Jorge de Alvarado en este valle el dia 22 de Noviembre de 1527 XI XXII MCMXXVII English translation The Geography and History Society remembers today the founding of the first capital of the Kingdom of Guatemala by Jorge de Alvarado in this valley on November 22 of 1527 XI XXII MCMXXVII (November 22, 1927) — Map (db m87321) HM
Ireland, Connacht (County Roscommon), Strokestown — Strokestown Brewery
Brewery here in early 18th century — Map (db m27548) HM
Ireland, Leinster (County Meath), Fordstown — Girley / FordstownMeath Villages
An introduction to Fordstown Fordstown is named after the Norman-Irish Ford family, who lived in the area. One part of the townland is sometimes referred to as Ballaghboy. Today, Fordstown is a growing, vibrant community. ‘Fordstown Street Fair’ is an old world fair, hosted by Fordstown in October each year since 2004. Fordrew Rovers Fordrew Rovers Football Club was formed in 1997 and play in Drewstown. They progressed from Division 4A to Division 1 in four years. They won . . . — Map (db m27318) HM
Jamaica, Kingston, Port Royal — Horatio Nelson in Jamaica
In this place dwelt Horatio Nelson, —————— You who tread his footprints remember his glory. — Map (db m91179) HM
Jamaica, Kingston, Port Royal — The Great War 1914-1918
Message to the Governor of Jamaica from the Secretary of State for the Colonies 16th November 1918. Now that the War has been brought to a victorious conclusion I desire on-behalf of his Majesty's Government to express to the people of Jamaica and her dependencies the mother country's high appreciation of the military efforts they have made. Their cheerful acceptance of compulsory service in the common cause and the unfailing support in the great struggle in spite of the difficulties in which . . . — Map (db m92395) WM
Jamaica, Kingston, Port Royal — Welcome to Port Royal
Once called the "richest and wickedest city in the world," Port Royal was also the virtual capital of Jamaica. To it came men of all races, treasures of silks, doubloons and gold from Spanish ships, looted on the high seas by the notorious "Brethren of the Coast" as the pirates were called. From here sailed the fleets of Henry Morgan, later lieutenant-governor of Jamaica, for the sacking of Camaguey, Maracaibo, and Panama - and died here, despite the ministrations of his Jamaican folk-doctor. . . . — Map (db m91193) HM
Mexico, Distrito Federal, Ciudad de Mexico — Calle de las Carreras
Esta calle se llamó de las Carreras por ella huyeron los conquistadores durante el sitio de Tenochtitlan. 30 de junio de 1521. English translation: This street was called "Getaway Street" (Calle Las Carreras) as it was here that the Conquistadors fled from the siege of Tenochtitlán. — Map (db m91633) HM
Mexico, Distrito Federal, Ciudad de Mexico — Convent of Our Lady of the Angels of Churubusco
Convento de Ntra Sra. de los Angeles de Churubusco construido por los RR. franciscanos y resconstruido en 1590. Su iglesia en 1668. Dependencia de la Insp. Gral. de Monumentos Artísticos e Históricos English translation: Convent of Our Lady of the Angels of Churubusco constructed by the Franciscans and reconstructed in 1590. Church constructed in 1668. — Map (db m90898) HM
Mexico, Distrito Federal, Ciudad de Mexico — Fr. Servando Teresa de Mier
Gran Patriota Nacio en Monterrey N.L. en el año de 1763 Fue fraile dominico, sufrio destierro y prisiones por sus ideas liberales. Escritor y orador brillantisimo. Murio en Mexico en el año de 1827 English translation: Friar Servando Teresa de Mier True Patriot Born in Monterrey, Nuevo Leon in 1763. He was a Dominican friar, suffered exile and prison for his liberal ideas. A brilliant speaker and writer. Died in Mexico in 1827. — Map (db m91627) HM
Mexico, Distrito Federal, Ciudad de Mexico — Francisco Primo de Verdad y Ramos
A la imperecedera memoria del protomártir de la independencia nacional, Lic D. Francisco Primo de Verdad y Ramos, síndico del Ayuntamiento de México de 1808 en cuyo seno germinaron los primeros planes de emancipación política de la Nueva España. Murió misteriosamente el 4 de octubre del mismo año por haber invocado ante la junta de notables reunida el 9 de agosto anterior el principio de la soberanía popular; siendo inhumado su cadáver en esta basílica. El Ayuntamiento Constitucional de . . . — Map (db m92311) HM
Mexico, Distrito Federal, Ciudad de Mexico — From the PeakDesde la cima
El torreón del Alcázar de Chapultepec conocido, según los términos de la arquitectura militar, como el Caballero Alto- fue construido en la parte más alta del promontorio natural, que se eleva unos 45 metros sobre el nivel de la Ciudad de México. En este sitio existió un templo prehispánico que fue remplazado, en el siglo XVI por una capilla dedicada a San Miguel Arcángel, demolida en el siglo XVIII. El torreón fue construido como parte del Colegio Militar hacia 1841, y en 1877 se adaptó como . . . — Map (db m91251) HM
Mexico, Distrito Federal, Ciudad de Mexico — House of Juan Engel
Aqui estuvo la casa de Juan Engel uno de los primeros fundidores de la Nueva España. Siglo XVI. English translation: Here was the house of Juan Engel one of the first founders of New Spain. 16th century. — Map (db m90449) HM
Mexico, Distrito Federal, Ciudad de Mexico — José María Morelos y Pavón Stopped to Pray Here
En esta capilla se detuvo a orar el mas grande de los caudillos insurgentes, El Generalisimo Don Jose Maria Morelos y Pavon, al pasar por esta ciudad en la mañana del 22 de diciembre de 1815 rumbo a San Cristobal Ecatepec para ser sacrificado. El Ayuntamiento Constitucional de Guadalupe Hidalgo dedica esta lapida a la memoria de tan eximio patriota hoy primer centenario de la consumación de la independencia de Mexico 27 de septiembre de 1921. English translation: In this chapel . . . — Map (db m92315) HM
Mexico, Distrito Federal, Ciudad de Mexico — Juan Ignacio María de Castorena y Ursua
En el extremo sur de este edificio estuvo la imprenta de los herederos de la viudad de Miguel de Rivera Calderon en donde, de enero a junio de 1722 se imprimio la: "Gaceta de Mexico" del Dr. Juan Ignacio Ma. de Castorena y Ursua Homenaje en el tricentenario del natalicio del primer periodista mexicano y latinamericano. 1668 1968 English translation: In the extreme south of this building was the printing press of the heirs of the widow of Miguel de Rivera Calderon, where, from . . . — Map (db m90594) HM
Mexico, Distrito Federal, Ciudad de Mexico — Museum of National HistoryMuseo Nacional de Historia
El Castillo de Chapultepec se transformó en Museo Nacional de Historia, con base en el decreto por el presidente Lázaro Cárdenas el 31 de diciembre de 1938. Se inició la construcción del edificio en 1785, durante la administración del virrey Bernardo de Gálvez. Se planeó como un palacio de recreo para los virreyes; pero los elevados costos de su construcción impidieron concluirlo. En 1833, durante la administración del presidente Anastasio Bustamante, se decidió que el Castillo se convirtiera . . . — Map (db m91214) HM
Mexico, Distrito Federal, Ciudad de Mexico — Parish of San JacintoParroquia de San Jacinto
Puestos los dominicos por Hernán Cortés para la guía religiosa de esta comunidad, fundan la iglesia de Tenanitla, parroquia desde 1580. San Jacinto, quien fuera amigo y compañero de Santo Domingo de Guzmán, fue canonizado en 1594, poniendo asi al parroquia bajo su advocación. English translation: With the Dominicans appointed by Hernán Cortés as the religious guides of this community, they founded the church of Tenanitla, and it has been a parish since 1580. San Jacinto (Saint . . . — Map (db m91153) HM
Mexico, Distrito Federal, Ciudad de Mexico — The Del Carmen ConventConvento del Carmen
Movido por Santa Teresa de Jesús, fue el provincial de la reforma teresiana del Carmelo quien acompañado por 11 religiosos más llegaron el 11 de julio de 1585 al puerto de San Juan de Ulúa, Nueva España, y el 27 de Septiembre del mismo año a la Ciudad de México. Es hasta 1615 que se inicia la construcción del convento en la huerta de Chimalistac, por fray Andrés de san Miguel concluyendo la iglesia y el convento en dos años bajo la advocación de San Ángelo Mártir, por lo que al pueblo que se . . . — Map (db m91211) HM
Mexico, Distrito Federal, Ciudad de Mexico — The Eagle and the SerpentEl Águila y La Serpiente
Durante su peregrinar hacia el sitio que les prometió el dios Huitzilopochtli, a comienzos del siglo XIV los mexicas se establecieron en Chapultepec, donde vivieron algunos años. Expulsados por sus vecinos, continuaron su éxodo hasta un día la señal de dios les indicó la tierra prometida: sobre un nopal, un águila se erguía y los saludaba; algunas versiones señalan que desgarraba aves, otra dice que ahogaba una serpiente. El lugar sería llamado México-Tenochtitlán, asiento de la ciudad . . . — Map (db m91228) HM
Mexico, Distrito Federal, Ciudad de Mexico — The Royal and Pontifical University of MexicoEl Real y Pontificia Universidad de Mexico
Scientiaeqve amor salvs popvli est patriae Ad perennem memoriam pontificiae regiae Vniversitatis Caroli V ivssv ab excmo anto de Mendoza in hoc loco III ivnii MDLII erectae qvae ad annum MDCCCLXV vsquve florvit hoc monvmentvm vniversitas nationalis Mexicana DD English translation: Love of knowledge is the safety of the country This monument is erected to the perpetual memory of the Royal and Pontifical University founded in the time of Charles V under the Viceroy . . . — Map (db m91129) HM
Mexico, Querétaro, Santiago de Querétaro — Founding and History of the Temple of the Holy CrossFundación y Historia del Templo de la Santa Cruz
En este sitio histórico, llamado Cerro de Sangremal, verificóse la guerra de la conquista probablemente el 25 de junio de 1531. Al día siguiente se celebró aquí la primera misa. Por el mismo tiempo se labró una CRUZ DE PIEDRA, que hasta hoy se venera en esta iglesia, y se colocó en una ermita de carrizo cubierta de tajamanil, la primera en Querétaro. Junto a ella hubo una vivienda para los franciscanos y un hospital para los indios. En 1548 la iglesia cambió de sitio y se empezó a construirlo . . . — Map (db m90466) HM
Mexico, Querétaro, Santiago de Querétaro — Historical Events at the Temple of the Holy CrossEventos Históricos en el Templo de la Santa Cruz
El 14 de septiembre de 1810, una celda de este edificio sirvió de prisión al Sr. Lic. D. Miguel Domínguez, Corregidor de Querétaro. En este convento, el 28 de junio de 1821 D. Agustín de Iturbide y Arámburu al frente del ejército trigarante hizo capitular al Brigadier Domingo Luaces: terminando en esta fecha al Gobierno Virreinal en Querétaro. Del 13 de marzo al 15 de mayo de 1867 estuvo aquí el Cuartel General de Fernando Maximiliano de Habsburgo, y del 15 al 17 del mismo mes y año fue aquí . . . — Map (db m90366) HM
Mexico, Querétaro, Santiago de Querétaro — Temple of the CongregationTemplo de la Congregación
El Templo de la Congregación de Clérigos Seculares de Santa María de Guadalupe, se dedicó solemnemente el 12 de mayo de 1680, construido gracias al patrocinio del benefactor prebítero Juan Caballero y Osio. Su magnífico diseño es obra del arquitecto José de Rayas Delgado. La cúpula fue remodelada en 1736 por el maestro albañil José Guadalupe. La imagen de la Virgen de Guadalupe que destaca en el altar es obra del insigne pintor novohispano Miguel Cabrera. En sus Glorias de Querétaro, don . . . — Map (db m90411) HM
Nicaragua, León, La Paz Centro — "The Fortress"Colonial Structure No 19 — Estructura Colonial No 19 "La Fortaleza"
Edificada en el periodo de 1524-1530. Sistema constructivo: muro perimetal de piedra bola y edificación construida con tapial. Erigida por órdenes de Francisco Hernández de Córdoba, para vigilar y proteger la ciudad de posibles rebeliones de los nativos. Su torre principal fue dibujada por Gonzalo Fernández de Oviedo, en el año 1532. En 1998 se descubre parte de la muralla de la Fortaleza, debido a deslaves producidos por las lluvias de huracán Mitch. Esta estructura será sometida a futuras . . . — Map (db m93924) HM
Nicaragua, León, La Paz Centro — "The House of Hernando de Soto and Hernán Ponce de León"Colonial Structure No 16 — Estructura Colonial No 16 Casa de Hernando de Soto y Hernán Ponce de León"
Edificada en el period 1531-1534. Sistema constructivo: paredes de tapial y aplanado de tierra talpuja. Estos personajes acompañaron la expedición de Francisco Hernández de Córdoba, en 1531 fungieron como Corregidores de la ciudad. En los años posteriores formaron parte de otras expediciones de gran importancia, en las Islas del Caribe (Puerto Rico), Norte y Sur de América. Pie de dibujos: Plano de conjunto Planta Arquitectónica English: Colonial Structure No 16 "The House . . . — Map (db m93926) HM
Nicaragua, León, La Paz Centro — "The House of Martín"Colonial Structure No 18 — Estructura Colonial No 18 "Casa de Martín Estete"
Edificada en el periodo de 1531-1534. Sistema constructivo de paredes de tapial y aplanado de tierra talpuja. Área actual 200 m2. Martín Estete acompañó la expedición de Francisco Hernández de Córdoba en 1524. Durante los primeros años de la ciudad fue Guardián de la Fortaleza. En 1526 capturó en Granada el Capitán fundador Francisco Hernández de Córdoba, por órdenes del Gobernador Pedrarias Dávila. Pie de dibujos: Plano de conjunto Planta Arquitectónica English: . . . — Map (db m93925) HM
Nicaragua, León, La Paz Centro — "The Town Square""Plaza Mayor"
Su trazo corresponde a una poligonal de 200 x 100 varas. Era el lugar de mayor convergencia de la población: “…tan grande como las fiestas a caballo…” Limites: - Norte: Casa del Gobernador . -Sur: Calle Real y Casa Real de Fundición. -Este: Catedral Santa Maria de las Gracias. - Oeste: Cabildo. Punto de encuentro de sus habitants. En ella se organizaban el “tianguis” o Mercado, procesiones religiosas, bailes o danzas, lecturas de sentencias y ajusticiamientos . . . — Map (db m93790) HM
Nicaragua, León, La Paz Centro — "Unidentified" Colonial Structure No 11Estructura Colonial No 11 "No Identificada"
Edificada en el periodo 1531-1534, con paredes de tapial y aplanado de tierra talpuja. Tiene un área de 319 m2. Caption: Plano de conjunto Plano Arquitectónica English: Colonial Structure No 11 "Unidentified" Built during the period 1531-1534, of rammed-earth walls and talpuja (white volcanic ash) coating. It has a area of 319 m2. Captions: Site map Floor plan — Map (db m93922) HM
Nicaragua, León, La Paz Centro — “The House of Ana Jiménez”“La Casa de Ana Jiménez” — Estructura Colonial No 5
Edificada en el periodo 1531-1534. Sistema constructivo: paredes de tapial y aplanado de tierra talpuja. Actualmente sus vestigios tienen un área de 468 m2. Ana Jiménez fue de las primeras vecinas de León Viejo, su casa funcionó como discreto y pequeño hospedaje donde se alojaban las mujeres de los conquistadores que pasaban de tránsito por la ciudad. Pie de dibujos: Plano de conjunto Planta Arquitectónica English: Colonial Structure No 5 “The House of . . . — Map (db m93792) HM
Nicaragua, León, La Paz Centro — “The Palace of Governor Rodrigo de Contreras”Colonial Structure No 3 — Estructura Colonial No 3 “Palacio del Governador Rodigo de Contreras”
Edificada en el periodo 1536-1550. Sistema constructivo: paredes de labrillo de barro y aplanado de tierra talpuja, su cubierta de techo fue de teja de barro y piso de ladrillo de barro, colocados de forma articulada, diseño conocido como “espina de pez”. Tenía un área de 1,457.25 m2. En 1535, Rodrigo de Contreras fue nombrado gobernador, cargo que ocupó durante 12 años. Su casa fue el edificio más grande de la ciudad “era tan grande como cuatro”. Fue . . . — Map (db m93785) HM
Nicaragua, León, La Paz Centro — “The Saint Mary of Graces Cathedral”“Catedral Santa Maria de las Gracias” — Estructura Colonial No 1
Edificada en el periodo 1525-1553. Sistema constructivo: paredes de ladrillo de barro y aplanado de tierra talpuja, su cubierta de techo fue teja de barro. Área actual 1,186.78 m2. Fundada por el Capitán español Francisco Hernández de Córdoba, con el nombre original de Iglesia Nuestra Señora de la Piedad. En 1534 fue elevada al rango de Catedral de la Provincia, por Bula de su Santidad Pablo III, como Catedral Santa Maria de las Gracias, funcionando desde ese momento como sede . . . — Map (db m93791) HM
Nicaragua, León, La Paz Centro — “The Town Council”Estructura Colonial No 2 “Cabildo”
Construido en el periodo de 1531-1545, con paredes de ladrillo de barro y aplanado de tierra talpuja, su cubierta de techo fue teja de barro. Tenían un área de 513 m2. Durante el periodo activo de la ciudad fue la sede del Gobierno Municipal. Todas las Ruinas y estructuras de la ciudad fueron rescatadas y descubiertas en el año 1967, por la UNAN – León. Por efectos de Huracán Aleta en 1982, fue nuevamente sepultada esta estructura. Actualmente se ha redescubierto a través . . . — Map (db m93789) HM
Nicaragua, León, La Paz Centro — Ruins of Old LeónCultural Heritage of Humanity — Ruinas de León Viejo · Patrimonio Cultural de la Humanidad
La ciudad de León de Nagrando, fundad en 1524 por el Capitán de conquista Francisco Hernández de Córdoba, por órdenes de Pedro Arias de Ávila (Pedrarias Dávila - gobernador de Darién en Panamá). Se le bautizó con el nombre de León en alusión a la ciudad del mismo nombre en España, y denominada Capital de la Provincia de Nicaragua. La población precolombina que habitaba esta zona era del grupo de los Chorotegas, específicamente de la tribu de los Nagrandos, asentado en la costa del lago . . . — Map (db m93771) HM
Philippines, Cavite Province, Corregidor Island — Spanish Historical MarkerCorregidor Island
Spanish text: La isla de Corregidor paso a formar parte de la Corona de España el 19 de Mayo de 1571, al ser ocupada por el intrépido navegante Miguel López de Legaspi, fundador de la Ciudad de Manila. Debido a su posición estratégica, Corregidor sivió como Fortaleza protectora guardian de la Bahía de Manila durante 327 años, hasta el 2 de Mayo de 1898. Durante esos años presenció gloriosas escenas de heroism, en las que la historia de Filipinas y la de España se . . . — Map (db m64787) HM
Philippines, Cebú Province, Cebu City — Fort San Pedro
The Fort of San Pedro, described in an official report of 1739, is triangular in shape and made of stone and mortar. The three bastions are La Concepcion, San Ignacio de Loyola, and San Miguel - Powder Magazine. [Inscriptions in the stone above the fort’s main [west side] gateway:] Fuerza de San Pedro, 1565 Sereformo, Año, 1833 Siendoalca lndem Dnmaniro … [Coat of Arms of the Spanish monarch] Note also, a statuette of the Santo . . . — Map (db m64435) HM
Philippines, Manila, Intramuros — Plaza de España
Named Plaza de los Mártires de la Integridad Nacional in 1897 in memory of Spanish Soldier who died in the encounters of August 1896, was rebuilt by the Intramuros Administration and opened on July 1982. Manuel C. Elizalde Jr. donated the stone paving. — Map (db m25288) HM
Saint Lucia, Castries — 27th Inniskilling Regiment
27th Inniskilling Regt On the 24th May 1796 the 27th Regt stormed and captured Morne Fortune. As a mark of the Regiment’s gallant conduct Sir Ralph Abercrombie ordered the French garrison to lay down their arms to the 27th Regt and directed that the King’s Colour of the 27th Regt be hoisted at the fort for 1 hour prior to hoisting the Union flag. [Lower marker]: Unveiled by Captain C.H. Knox-Little, R.N. of H.M.S. “Danae” on 31∙8∙32 — Map (db m82926) WM
Saint Lucia, Castries — Inniskilling Fusiliers: 27th (Inniskilling) Regiment of Foot
In 1688 the inhabitants of Enniskillen in Co Fermanagh, Ireland took up arms in defense of their town against the threat of occupation by the forces of James II. The troops so raised, The Inniskillingers, Foot and Dragoons, made repeated expeditions into the surrounding district to seek out and destroy the enemy. So successful was this force it was incorporated into the army of William III, in which the Foot became “The Inniskilling Regiment”. In 1751 the system of numbering . . . — Map (db m82930) HM WM
Saint Lucia, Gros Islet, Pigeon Island — C.O.'s Quarters
C.O.’s Quarters 1782, rebuilt 1824 These quarters were never used by Admiral Rodney; he preferred to stay on his flagship “in comfort”. Traces of a kitchen garden were found above to the left, behind the water tank, and two patios in a B-shape were discovered when the road was built. The quarters used part of the same water catchment system coming from the barracks above. The tower structure is a twentieth-century addition, used by Josset Legh as a wind generator. — Map (db m82716) HM WM
Saint Lucia, Gros Islet, Pigeon Island — Fort Rodney
Fort Rodney 1778 Pigeon Island, only some 40 kilometres (25 miles) south of the French base at Fort Royal, Martinique, had long been recognized by the British Admiral Rodney as an important observation and defensive site. In 1780 he wrote ”…this is the post the Governor of Martinique had set his eye on and if possessed by the enemy would deprive us of the best anchorage place in these islands and from which Martinique is always attackable…” Fort Rodney was built in 1778 . . . — Map (db m82693) HM WM
Saint Lucia, Gros Islet, Pigeon Island — Gunslide
Gunslide Looking down the canyon you can see the deep bay where Admiral Rodney’s ships anchored during the years 1778-1782. The ships were able to lie at anchor in the deep water close to the island, and seamen where employed in hauling cannon and heavy equipment up this gunslide. A line was run up from the top of the mast to the top of the gunslide on land. The cannon were winched up using anchor winches, and large spars served as triposds to help hoist the heavy guns and carriages up . . . — Map (db m82694) HM
Saint Lucia, Gros Islet, Pigeon Island — Lime Kiln
Lime Kiln Eighteenth century The most intensive period of British occupation on Pigeon Island was from 1779 to 1783. The lime kiln was one of the first structures built. Lime was used as a binding agent for all masonry work. White lime was made from coral and shell which was piled up and set on fire. The lime turned to powder and mixed with the ash. The mixture was then pulled out with a hoe, and mixed with sand, water, egg and straw to form the binding agent. The original steps . . . — Map (db m82695) HM WM
Saint Lucia, Gros Islet, Pigeon Island — Musket Redoubt
Musket Redoubt 1782 This outpost to Fort Rodney was built in 1782 to protect the ridge top from surprise attack from sea. The soldiers could be hidden in the sunken area and they could stand on the platform and look down on both sides of the glacis or slopes. Directly above is Signal Peak, and below is the whole of Rodney Bay. Morne Pimant is to the south, and on a clear day you can see Martinique, 40 kilometers (25 miles) to the north. — Map (db m82691) HM WM
Saint Lucia, Gros Islet, Pigeon Island — Officers' Kitchen
1778, rebuilt 1824 Although the heyday of Pigeon Island as a British base in the Caribbean was in the late eighteenth century during the Rodney period, the garrison continued to be manned until 1861. Built originally in 1778, this kitchen consisted of four or five rooms and was rebuilt in 1824 after being damaged in the hurricane of 1817. The original eighteenth-century stone coursing remains, and the old fireplaces can be seen in the rooms. — Map (db m82875) HM
Saint Lucia, Gros Islet, Pigeon Island — Officers' Quarters and Mess
Officers’ Quarters and Mess 1824 Pigeon Island National Landmark Interpretation Centre 1993 The only existing structural elements from the original Officers’ Quarters and Mess, built in 1824, are the foundation walls and arches below the main floor level, and three structural walls on the main level, two to the east and one to the west of the Interpretation Centre. The present-day building incorporates these structures and is based on the original plans. The hall which houses the . . . — Map (db m82719) HM WM
Saint Lucia, Gros Islet, Pigeon Island — Ridge Battery
Ridge Battery The heaviest gun on Pigeon Island was sited here. It was a 32-pounder which could be turned from north to south to cover the St. Lucia Channel and Gros Islet Bay. The gun was used effectively in 1781 to repel the French invasion of Gros Islet. Look for Martinique to the north, visible on clear days. — Map (db m82692) HM
Saint Lucia, Gros Islet, Pigeon Island — Soldiers' Quarters
Soldiers’ Barracks 1808, rebuilt 1824 The colonial struggle between Britain and France and her allies continued into the 1800s, although fighting was interrupted by short-lived treaties and peace settlements. British troops were still sent to garrison the far-flung outposts in the West Indies. These barracks were built to hold 60 men. The two sets, built side by side, were damaged in the hurricane of 1817 and rebuilt in 1824. A kitchen between the two completed the complex. To the . . . — Map (db m82717) HM WM
Saint Lucia, Gros Islet, Pigeon Island — Two-Gun Battery
Two-Gun Battery In 1780 HMS Cornwall was damaged and Admiral Rodney requested that her deck timbers be used in construction of the two-gun battery on Pigeon Island. This gun battery was to protect the island from a sea attack from the north and to prevent a landing at De Longueville Bay, directly across the bay. The powder magazine to the left has been damaged, possibly by the brigands in 1795. Look for Martinique in the distance. Also look for the rock out in the bay with . . . — Map (db m83231) HM WM
Turks and Caicos Islands, Grand Turk, Cockburn Town — #14 — Victoria Public Library
The Library was built in 1887 - the year of Queen Victoria's Golden Jubilee - on the old parade ground used by the local militia, yet it was not completed until 1889. It was reputed to have cost UK £568. Public events such as cultural concerts are held on the library grounds, commonly referred to as the Library Tennis Court. — Map (db m30354) HM
Alabama (Baldwin County), Fort Morgan — The Pride of Seven Flags
(East Face): Tribute dedicated to the memory of the soldiers who gave their lives in the defense of our country here at Fort Morgan. Here lies the pride of seven flags entombed in our ancestor’s worth, who heard the thunder of the fray break o’er the field beneath knew the watchword of the day was “Victory or Death.” (North Face): Dates of battles and some events relative to Fort Morgan. 1711 – Battle, France – England 1719 – Battle, . . . — Map (db m4649) HM
Alabama (Baldwin County), Stockton — Bartram’s Trail
William Bartram, America’s first native born artist - naturalist, passed through Baldwin County during the Revolutionary era, making the first scientific notations of its flora, fauna and inhabitants. As the appointed botanist of Britain’s King George III, he traveled 2,400 miles in three journeys into the southern colonies in 1775-1776, collecting rare plants and specimens and making detailed drawings of plants and animals. Erected by Baldwin County Commission And Alabama Bicentennial Commission — Map (db m81855) HM
Alabama (Baldwin County), Stockton — Major Robert Farmar Plantation
Here on the banks of the Tensaw River -- named for the Tensa Indian tribe whose principal village was located at this place -- Major Robert Farmar developed a plantation c. 1772. Farmar was one of the most prominent and controversial Alabamians of the British period, being commander of the regiments at Mobile from 1763-1765. He resigned his commission in 1768 and was elected to every Commons House of Assembly for the District of West Florida from 1769 until his death in 1778. Artist-Naturalist, . . . — Map (db m66380) HM
Alabama (Chambers County), LaFayette — Muscogee Indians
Called Creeks Indian villages nearby were affiliated with either Upper or Lower Confederacies of the Creek Nation. In colonial times Spain, France and England contended for this section. Indian title ceded in 1832. — Map (db m71639) HM
Alabama (Chambers County), Lanett — 141-10 — Ocfuskooche Tallauhassee
A flourishing, ancient town of the Muscogee Indians known as Ocfuskooche Tallahassee (Old Town) stood on this site. English traders from Charles Town visited it about 1685. A trail known as "Old Horse Path" led from this village to the Tallapoosa. Ocfuskooche is known to have existed through Colonial and Revolutionary times but, soon after 1790, the town was abandoned and its inhabitants moved westward to settle on the Tallapoosa River. The westward surge of settlers and bitter frontier fighting forced the move. — Map (db m36315) HM
Alabama (Conecuh County), Midway — Old Federal Road
For a few months between 1811—1818 the nationally infamous highwayman, Joseph Thompson Hare, operated with his gang along the Federal Road. They headquartered at Turk's Cave near Brooklyn in Conecuh County. In his confession he referred to the road as the "Gold Mines" and in one robbery took $3728. — Map (db m81282) HM
Alabama (Dallas County), Selma — British West Florida, 1764-83
Colony’s north boundary crossed present-day Alabama - Mississippi at this point on 32° 28’ by edict of British king. Colony extended south to Gulf. France had ceded area in 1763. Spain invaded, seized area in 1780. Britain ceded it to Spain in 1783. Spain ceded part to U.S. in 1795. — Map (db m37644) HM
Alabama (Dallas County), Selma — Ecor Bienville1702-1743 — The first recorded name of Selma
This tablet commemorates the engagement between Jean Baptiste Le Moyne Sieur de Bienville, Governor of the Province, and The Alibamo Indians. In 1714 Bienville made a friendly visit to this section. — Map (db m37658) HM
Alabama (Elmore County), Wetumpka — Bartram's Trail
William Bartram, America’s first native born artist-naturalist, passed through Elmore County during the Revolutionary era, making the first scientific notations of its flora, fauna and inhabitants. In 1776 the appointed botanist of Britain’s King George III described the area at Fort Toulouse as “one of the most eligible situations for a city in the world; a level plain between the conflux of two majestic rivers…" — Map (db m69431) HM
Alabama (Elmore County), Wetumpka — Here Stood Fort Toulouse
Here stood Fort Toulouse A defense against the Indians Built by Bienville 1714 The Alabama Society of Colonial Dames preserves the memory of faithful service 1912 — Map (db m69567) HM
Alabama (Elmore County), Wetumpka — William Bartram1739 - 1823
William Bartram, the first native-born American artist-naturalist, of Philadelphia, visited this site on Christmas Day, 1776. This arboretum commerates (sic) the man, his visit to Fort Toulouse, and his travels through the southeastern colonies from 1773-1777. His search for specimens blazed an epochal new trail in nature appreciation and his observations and sketches obtained during his four year trip are priceless records of 18th century American natural history. Bartram . . . — Map (db m83726) HM
Alabama (Henry County), Shorterville — Franklin - First Beachhead into East Alabama
The frontier village of Franklin was established here by Colonel Robert Irwin in 1814 on the site of the Indian town of Cheeska Talofa. It was the first colonial village in east Alabama. Fort Gaines, Georgia, was constructed in 1816 to protect the early settlers in this former Creek Indian Nation, West. Twenty-one blocks were laid off for this promising river port of Abbeville. This prospective early city never recovered from the destructive flood of 1888. — Map (db m71844) HM
Alabama (Jefferson County), Hoover — Hale - Joseph HomeBuilt in 1910
William M. and Evan Hale built this home on the 400 acres purchased by Gardner Hale in 1862. The Hales descended from two signers of the Mayflower compact, 1620. Purchased in 1993 by Carlo and Dianne Joseph, it was placed on the Alabama Register of Landmarks and Heritage in 1994. — Map (db m28487) HM
Alabama (Lawrence County), Oakville — Cherokee Council House Museum
The Oakville Indian Mounds Museum is based on a seven sided Cherokee council house. This type of council house was used during the cooler months and an open sided rectangular pavilion during warmer weather. The descriptions used for the museum's construction came from Lt. Henry Timberlake, who visited the Cherokee capitol at Chota in 1761 and William Bartram who visited Cowe in 1765. Timberlake's description: "The townhouse, in which are transacted all public business and diversions, is raised . . . — Map (db m84314) HM
Alabama (Lee County), Smiths Station — Line 32° 28´ North Latitude
Northern Boundary of: British W. Florida 1764-83 Spanish W. Florida 1783-95 Mississippi Territory: 1798-1804 Washington County 1800-12 Clarke County 1812-15 Southern Boundary of: British Illinois 1764-83 United States 1783-95 Line fixed in 1764 by British king across present Alabama-Mississippi. France had ceded area to Britain in 1763. — Map (db m73532) HM
Alabama (Marengo County), Demopolis — St. Leo’s Catholic Church
Catholicism was first introduced to this region in 1540 by the priests who accompanied Hernando DeSoto. Napoleonic exiles of the Vine and Olive Colony held religious services and attempted to establish a Catholic mission in Demopolis in 1817. Services were held in homes and in a small frame structure before the present building was constructed in 1905. This church remained a mission until St. Leo’s Parish was permanently established in 1936. — Map (db m37994) HM
Alabama (Mobile County), Creola — Site of Old Mobile
(English) Site of Old Mobile Fort Louis de la Louisiane Founded 1702 by Pierre Le Moyne d’Iberville Under orders of Louis XIV First Capital of French Louisiana 1702-1711 (French) Site de Vieux Mobile Fort Louis de la Louisiane Premiere Capitale de la Louisiane Francaise 1702-1711 Fondee par Pierre Le Moyne d’Iberville par ordre de Louis XIV, Roi de France — Map (db m70588) HM
Alabama (Mobile County), Le Moyne — Ellicott's StoneErected April 9th, 1799
Marks 1st Southern Boundary of the United States and the Mississippi Territory created in 1798 -----900 feet East----- Stone marked 31° North Latitude separating the U.S. & Spanish Florida. This line of demarcation ran from the Mississippi east, along the 31° parallel to the Chattahoochie River, thence down that river to the mouth of the Flint River, thence on a line to the headwaters of the St. Mary’s River, thence down that river to the Atlantic Ocean. Major Andrew . . . — Map (db m70589) HM
Alabama (Mobile County), Mobile — How Big was the Original Fort Condé?
Since colonial rulers were unable to attract large numbers of settlers to Mobile, the Port City’s population remained small and never grew above 500. Because the majority of Mobile’s population was military personnel, the city was built around the fort and it became the focal point or town center for the Greater Mobile Bay area. Differences and errors in some maps made in Europe during the three colonial periods make accurate measurements of the original fort difficult. However, a good estimate . . . — Map (db m87207) HM
Alabama (Mobile County), Mobile — Le Marquis de Lafayette visited Mobile
On this site stood the home of Mayor Samuel H. Garrow, where the Marquis de Lafayette was entertained on his visit to Mobile, April 7, 1825. Lafayette, French officer, statesman, and hero of the American Revolution, visited the United States as "Guest of the Nation" in 1824-1825. Mobile gave an enthusiastic welcome to the distinguished general. — Map (db m86420) HM
Alabama (Mobile County), Mobile — Old Church Street Cemetery - 1819←—«
Established 1819 by city of Mobile for yellow fever victims. Buried in raised tombs are Spanish and French citizens of early Mobile, and many pioneer Americans. — Map (db m86409) HM
Alabama (Mobile County), Mobile — Pierre Le Moyne d'Iberville
A la gloire de Pierre Le Moyne D'Iberville, le heros dela baie d'Hudson, de Terre-Neuve et de Nevis, qui fonda en 1702 Mobile
premiere ville de la Louisiane Française. ———— Ne a Montréal en 1661 Decede a La Havane en 1706 {English Translation} To the glory of Pierre Le Moyne D'Iberville, the hero of Hudson Bay, of Newfoundland and of Nevís, who founded in 1702 Mobile first city of French . . . — Map (db m86490) HM
Alabama (Mobile County), Mobile — The Revolutionary War at MobileSiege of Fort Charlotte (Condé) 1780
Spain, America's ally, declared war on Great Britain in June 1779. Bernardo de Galvez, governor of Spanish Louisiana at New Orleans, led the attack against the British along the lower Mississippi River and Gulf Coast. In February 1780, Galvez laid siege upon the British forces here at Fort Charlotte (Condé) resulting in its surrender and the capture of the city of Mobile, March 14, 1780. Galvez next captured Pensacola and accepted the British surrender of West Florida, May 9, 1781, thus aiding . . . — Map (db m86355) HM
Alabama (Monroe County), Perdue Hill — Piache
Piache, an Indian town visited by DeSoto in 1540 was near here. DeLuna made a settlement here, Nanipacna in 1560. Fort Claiborne was erected on the south bluff, in 1813. LaFayette was entertained here, 1825. Erected by the Alabama Society of Colonial Dames. March 1939 — Map (db m47639) HM
Alabama (Montgomery County), Montgomery — Encanchata
Here at the Indian village of Encanchata, future site of Montgomery, Col. John Tate, last British agent to the Muscogee Nation, recruited and drilled Creek warriors in 1780 to relieve Tories in Augusta, Ga. being besieged by American patriots. — Map (db m71373) HM
Alabama (Montgomery County), Montgomery — Struggle For Colonial Empire
Here on May 24, 1703, Alabama Indians ambushed the first French explorers from Mobile, killing three and wounding two critically. The Indians were armed and were used as pawns by British agents from Carolina in the European struggle for dominion over North America. — Map (db m67999) HM
Alabama (Sumter County), York — Line 32° 28´ North Latitude
Northern Boundary of: British W. Florida 1764-83 Spanish W. Florida 1783-95 Mississippi Territory: 1798-1804 Washington County 1800-12 Clarke County 1812-15 Southern Boundary of: British Illinois 1764-83 United States 1783-95 Line fixed in 1764 by British king across present Alabama-Mississippi. France had ceded area to Britain in 1763. — Map (db m89725) HM
Alabama (Talladega County), Lincoln — Lincoln, Alabama
(Side A) Historical records indicate that DeSoto and his men, as they traveled the South in search of gold, were the first white men to see the Lincoln area. With the ceding of the Creek Indian Territory in 1837, the population of the area increased. The community was known as Kingsville until 1856 when the name was changed to Lincoln. The name Lincoln came from Revolutionary War General Benjamin Lincoln who accepted the sword of surrender from the British at Yorktown, Virginia in . . . — Map (db m33282) HM
Alabama (Tallapoosa County), Jacksons Gap — Fort Okfuskee←— 6 mi. west —«
Built in 1735 by British from Carolina in futile attempt to gain trade of the Creek Indians from the French, located at Fort Toulouse, 40 mi. S. Okfuskee was the largest town in Creek Confederacy. — Map (db m22232) HM
California (Butte County), Oroville — Liberty Pole
In 1767, when our yet to be united nation felt the stirrings of revolution, freedom-loving colonists carved and erected the first “Liberty Pole”. It served as a rallying point for those who opposed the British imposed Stamp Act. Donated by Koppers Co. — Map (db m65843) HM
California (San Diego County), San Diego — Buque Escuela Juan Sebastian de Elcano
Commemorating the visit of the officers and men Buque Escuela Juan Sebastian De Elcano in homage to their comrades-at-arms who at this place raised and defended the flag of Spain - 1797 to 1821 Dedicado en pax y amistad San Diego, California, April 1983 — Map (db m81237) HM
California (San Diego County), San Diego — Old Town San DiegoTimeline
See individual photos for text Map (db m85826) HM
California (San Francisco City and County), San Francisco — Chutchui and Sitlintac
For the last 5,000 years this particular site served as a vantage point to the southeast, overlooking an ancient salt water bay fed by fresh water streams. Standing on this bluff three to four hundred years ago, looking southeast, you would have seen small creeks flowing from the sandy hills into hundreds of acres of tidal marshlands around a broad, shallow stretch of open water, later named Mission Bay. You might have seen smoke from villages that survived here for thousands of years. . . . — Map (db m93013) HM
California (San Luis Obispo County), Atascadero — Your American Heritage Monument
The purpose of this monument is to forever stand as a tribute to our nation's Founding Fathers who created the two most important documents that laid the foundation of our country: the Declaration of Independence and the U.S. Constitution. This monument also honors our nation's veterans, who from the time of George Washington, when that first Minuteman fired "The Shot Heard 'Round the World" (which echo still rings of freedom), have forged the fiber that has been woven into the fabric of our . . . — Map (db m67581) HM
California (Santa Barbara County), Lompoc — Lompoc's Mission Vieja
Mission La Concepcion Purisima de Maria Santisima (Mission of the Immaculate Conception of most Holy Mary) was founded by Father Presidente Fermn de Lasuen on Dec. 8, 1787 at what is now Locust Avenue and F Street. It was the eleventh of 21 Franciscan Missions in California. During the mission's early years, several thousand Chumash Indians were baptized into the Catholic Church, over 100 large and small adobe buildings were built; a water system developed, crops planted and as many as 19,000 . . . — Map (db m70318) HM
California (Santa Cruz County), Santa Cruz — 469 — Branciforte
These school grounds were the center of Villa de Branciforte founded in 1797 by Governor Diego de Borica of California on orders from Spain through Viceroy Branciforte in Mexico. The settlement existed as political entity until American occupancy of California. Remained as township until 1905, when it was annexed to the city of Santa Cruz. — Map (db m2347) HM
Colorado (Alamosa County), Alamosa — ... Los Caminos Antiguos Scenic & Historic Byway
You have entered the land of the Rio Bravo del Norte, the northernmost outpost of sixteenth century Spain. To the Spanish people, the San Luis Valley was a wild and unexploited place known only to the Native people. Amidst the beauty and towering peaks of the valley, the area became the center of conflict and wars born of a clash of cultures. ”We arrived in the San Luis Valley with our religion and culture looking for fertile ground to raise our families. We laid out our . . . — Map (db m71878) HM
Colorado (Alamosa County), Alamosa — On Sacred Ground
Majestic Mount Blanca that stands bgefore you is surrounded by history and legend from the first people who inhabited this valley. Many Native American groups believe that this valley is the source of life where humans and spirit enter and leave this world. ”We are the ‘Dine’ (pronounced dee neh); the Spanish called us the Navajo. We call the mountain that stands before you ‘Sisnaajinii’. This mountain is one of our four sacred peaks in the Navajo Land. You may now know this . . . — Map (db m71875) HM
Colorado (Alamosa County), Alamosa — Welcome "Caminante" to ...
¡Bienvenidos! Caminantes! Come! Take a walk with us. We know an old song, El Caminante, which tells of taking a long walk along the ancient roads. Like the first prehistoric inhabitants, you too are a ‘caminante’, or one who walks upon this land.” The People of the San Luis Valley “Almost five hundred years ago, the Navajos began hearing stories from our Pueblo neighbors about the strange men they had seen. These men had thick beards and were dressed in metal helmets . . . — Map (db m71877) HM
Colorado (La Plata County), Hesperus — Dominguez - Escalante Expedition
On August 10, 1776, there passed by here the expedition of Fathers Francisco Atanasio Dominguez and Silvestre Velez de Escalante with eight companions. They were seeking a route to link the long established missions of New Mexico with Monterey, the recently founded capital of California. — Map (db m71613) HM
Colorado (La Plata County), Hesperus — Dominguez and Escalante
In 1776, Franciscan Fathers, Francisco Atanasio Dominguez and Silvestre Velez de Excalante and eight companions, explored what is now southern Colorado, Utah, and northern Arizona, as men of peace. Between August and December, 1776, Dominguez and Escalante and a small group of men attempted to find an overland route between the Spanish villages in New Mexico and the Spanish missions in California. The expedition crossed the La Plata River near what is now Hesperus. On August 10 and . . . — Map (db m71615) HM
Colorado (Pueblo County), Vineland — 161 — San Carlos de los Jupes
By 1700 Comanches moved south from the northern Rockies onto the plains of southern Colorado and northern New Mexico. They raided the Apaches and Spanish settlements from the late 1600s until 1779 when the Governor of New Mexico, Don Juan Bautista de Anza, decisively defeated a large group, led by Cuerno Verde in a battle near the mountains to the southwest of here. The Comanches signed a peace treaty in 1786, and a year later the asked for Spanish assistance to build a permanent farm village. . . . — Map (db m64775) HM
Connecticut (Fairfield County), Bridgeport — Bridgeport
Bridgeport "The Park City" The area that is now Bridgeport was settled in the mid-17th century by farmers from the older towns of Stratford and Fairfield. Centers of settlement were Stratfield, present North Avenue; Pembroke, now Old Mill Green; and Newfield, present downtown. The site of Bridgeport was owned by the Pequonnock or Golden Hill band of the Paugussett Indian tribe. In 1695 the settlers of the area established a church, Pequonnock Parish. Newfield was renamed Bridgeport and made . . . — Map (db m91834) HM
Connecticut (Fairfield County), Brookfield — Brookfield
Brookfield Parish of Newbury The land which comprises the geographical area of Brookfield belonged to the towns of Danbury, Newtown, and New Milford. In 1754 the Parish of Newbury was incorporated by decree of the General Assembly with boundaries and area similar to those of the town as it is today. In October, 1755 the Assembly approved as a site for the Newbury meeting house the location of the present Congregational Church. In 1788 the Parish of Newbury was incorporated as the Town of . . . — Map (db m35170) HM
Connecticut (Fairfield County), Brookfield — First Settlement 1710
First Settlement 1710 Newbury Parish Incorporated 1754 Town of Brookfield Incorporated 1788 Pioneer Families Dunning • Peck • Hawley • Smith • Northrop • Ruggles • Dibble • Merwin • Baldwin • Blackmanstarr • Wheeler Presented By E.A. Rousman 1910 — Map (db m70962) HM
Connecticut (Fairfield County), Cos Cob — Second Oldest Cemetery in Greenwich
The Second Oldest Cemetery in Greenwich Laid out by the Selectmen 1723 – 24 Historic Society Town of Greenwich 1982 — Map (db m38745) HM
Connecticut (Fairfield County), Danbury — Danbury
Marker Front: Eight families came from Norwalk in 1685 to settle this area which the Indians called Pahquioque. They built their first homes a half mile south of here and made this green their common. The General Court in October 1687 decreed the name “Danbury” although the settlers had chosen “Swampfield.” Beans and other crops helped make Danbury an inland trading center by 1750 with a population of two thousand. At the start of the American Revolution this . . . — Map (db m22836) HM
Connecticut (Fairfield County), Danbury — Oldest Cemetery 1684
Oldest Cemetery 1684 Danbury Erected by Mary Wooster Chapter N.S.D.A.R. — Map (db m23050) HM
Connecticut (Fairfield County), Danbury — 1 — The Settling of Danbury– The Museum in the Streets – — Danbury, Connecticut
In the spring of the year 1685, the first permanent settlement of Danbury was made. The eight determined families of Samuel Benedict, James Benedict, Thomas Barnum, Judah Gregory, Thomas Taylor, John Hoyt, Francis Bushnell and James Beebe settled near the Still River between two hills, now known as Town Hill on the east and Deer Hill on the west. Forty-eight square miles of land, in an area called “Pahquioque,” meaning “open plain,” was purchased for “30 . . . — Map (db m71240) HM
Connecticut (Fairfield County), Darien — Darien
Darien Originally part of Stamford, this area became Middlesex Parish in 1737. It was incorporated as the Town of Darien in 1820. Settlement had begun about 1700 when the first roads were cut “in the woods.” In 1703 a school district was set up in Noroton. Five years later Scofield’s Mill (afterward called Gorham’s Mill) was built on Good Wife’s River. By 1744 a meetinghouse was completed and the Reverend Moses Mather became first minister. During the American Revolution, Middlesex . . . — Map (db m80136) HM
Connecticut (Fairfield County), Darien — Ring’s End Landing
Ring’s End Landing Earlier Called Clock’s Landing Trading Center Of Middlesex Parish Part of Stamford from 1641 until Incrporated as Town of Darien May 20, 1826 Presented by Kiwanis Club of Darien As part of 150th Anniversary Celebration 1970 Map (db m80305) HM
Connecticut (Fairfield County), East Norwalk — A Calf Pasture Primer
Norwalk’s first European settlers grazed their cattle on this property – hence the name “Calf Pasture.” Among these earliest arrivals was Matthew Marvin, who moved to Norwalk in 1651 (the year the town was founded). His son, Matthew Jr., bought a parcel between the Norwalk and “Saketuck” rivers from the native Americans in 1669. Seven generations later, in December 1836, William and Amanda Marvin settled into a 19-room farmhouse on the family property. William . . . — Map (db m53465) HM
Connecticut (Fairfield County), East Norwalk — Roger Ludlow
This stone, erected December, 1895, commemorates the purchase from the aboriginal inhabitants, made February 26, 1640-1, by Roger Ludlow, Deputy-Governor of the Colony of Connecticut, framer of its first Code of Laws, and Founder of Norwalk, of “All the lands, meadows, pasturinge, trees, whatsoever there is, and grounds betweene the twoe rivers, the one called Norwalke, the other Soakatuck, to the middle of sayed rivers, from the sea a days walke into the country.” — Map (db m53440) HM
Connecticut (Fairfield County), Easton — Easton
[ front ] Easton North Fairfield, a part of the town of Fairfield, was purchased from the Aspetuck Indians in 1670 for thirty pounds and an amount of trucking cloth. In 1762 the Connecticut General Assembly established the parish of North Fairfield. The Legislature in 1787 combined the parishes of North Fairfield and Norfield into the town of Weston. In 1845 the former parish of North Fairfield was divided from Weston and became Easton. It is still governed by the town meeting. . . . — Map (db m30939) HM
Connecticut (Fairfield County), Fairfield — Andrew Roland House
Built By Andrew Roland And His Wife Elizabeth Daughter of Governor Fitch 1760 Their Son Saw the British Land And Gave the Alarm — Map (db m65124) HM
Connecticut (Fairfield County), Fairfield — Andrew Ward Memorial
In memory of Andrew Ward Born in England 1597 One of the founders of Wethersfield and Stamford ——— An honored citizen of Fairfield Conn. where he died in 1659 ——— Member of a Commission graunted to sev'al p'sons to governe the people att Conecticott by the General Court of Massachusetts Bay under John Winthrop Jr. Governor, 1635 – 1636 Erected by the Association of Descendants of Andrew Ward 1907 — Map (db m27172) HM
Connecticut (Fairfield County), Fairfield — Burr Homestead
Home Of Thaddeus And Eunice Dennie Burr Here Dorothy Quincy and John Hancock President Of The Continental Congress Were Married in 1775 Burned By British in 1779 Rebuilt in 1790 — Map (db m27371) HM
Connecticut (Fairfield County), Fairfield — David Ogden House
This Dwelling Erected Prior to 1750 Is a Gift to The Fairfield Historical Society from Lillian Wadsworth In Memory of Her Husband Dudley Leland Wadsworth In whom the vision and self-reliance of The early settlers lived again — Map (db m27419) HM
Connecticut (Fairfield County), Fairfield — Dr. Hosea Hurlburt House
Home Of Dr. Hosea Hurlburt 1753 Surgeon in Connecticut Continental Line — Map (db m27565) HM
Connecticut (Fairfield County), Fairfield — Fairfield
Marker front: In 1639 Roger Ludlow and five companions, after serving in the Pequot War, purchased from the Indians a rich and abundant expanse of land which they called by the Indian name "Uncowaye." Shortly thereafter the name "Fairfield" replaced "Uncowaye." Originally this land consisted of present-day Fairfield, Greens Farms, Weston, Redding, Easton, and the western section of Bridgeport. The following years brought rapid development, and Fairfield with its fine harbors became . . . — Map (db m27176) HM
Connecticut (Fairfield County), Fairfield — Fairfield Boulder
This boulder commemorates the settlement of Fairfield by Roger Ludlow in 1639 and the burning of the Town by the British July 8, 1779. From the founding of the Town the religious, military and civic life of the people has centered around this Green — Map (db m27227) HM
Connecticut (Fairfield County), Fairfield — George Hull Home Lot
Site Of Original Home Lot Of George Hull 1590 – 1659 Farmer, Trader Judge, Surveyor And Legislator — Map (db m27373) HM
Connecticut (Fairfield County), Fairfield — Moorlandsc. 1836
Former site of the Buckley Tavern, c.1750 — Map (db m27157) HM
Connecticut (Fairfield County), Fairfield — Nathan Bulkley House
Built 1750 By Nathan Bulkley Pre-Revolutionary Spared By British When Town Was Burned — Map (db m27153) HM
Connecticut (Fairfield County), Fairfield — Pequot Swamp Fountain
1637 This Fountain Commemorates The Valor And Victory Of The Colonist Forefathers At Pequot Swamp [ on the west side ] 1903 Erected By Dorothy Ripley Chapter D. A. R. And Friends — Map (db m27377) HM
Connecticut (Fairfield County), Fairfield — Reverend John Jones Memorial
In memory of Revd John Jones AB   MA The Revd John Jones was born in Southampton England in 1595 and was a graduate of Queens College Cambridge A Puritan divine of the Church of England he was the first pastor of the First Church of Christ in Fairfield which he faithfully served from 1644 until his death in 1664 "A Valiant Leader of Christ's Soldiers A Holy Man of God" — Map (db m27174) HM
Connecticut (Fairfield County), Fairfield — Roger Ludlow
Roger Ludlow Father of Connecticut, Author of the Fundamental Orders, Compiler of the Code of 1650, and Pioneer in the Development of American Constitutional Law. Founded Fairfield and Made His Home Here from 1639 to 1654 Erected 1939 — Map (db m27141) HM
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