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Man-Made Features Markers
3861 markers matched your search criteria. The first 250 markers are listed. Next 3611
Australia, New South Wales, Lithgow — The Great Zig ZagLithgow
A railway zig zag is a series of reversing ramps used to avoid very steep grades. John Whitton, Engineer in Chief NSW Government Railways 1856-90, chose this as the economical method for the descent from Clarence to Lithgow. Built during 1866-69 by contractor Patrick Higgins, it involved massive rock excavations, a tunnel and three stone arch viaducts. During its 41 years of operation it accelerated the development of western New South Wales and achieved world renown as a major engineering work. — Map (db m59808) HM
Brazil, Rio de Janeiro — Augusto Ferreira Ramos
Engenheiro Brasilero que idealisou e realisou o Caminho Aéreo 1912 - 1913 English Translation: The Brazilian Engineer who envisioned and created the aerial tramway. — Map (db m26350) HM
Brazil, Rio de Janeiro — Christ the Redeemer MonumentCorcovado TrainCristo Retender
Uma história de fé A history of faith [Text in Portuguese: ...] De braços abertos sobre a cidade, abençoando-a, o monumento ao Cristo Redentor, foi inaugurado em 12 outubro de 1931 pelo Presidente Getúlio Vargas e o Cardeal Sebastião Leme. Construido de concreto armado e revestido de pequenos triangulares de pedra-sabão, todas as suas peças foram transportadas ao alto pelo Trem do Corcovado. A obra executada no pico do Morro do Corcovado é equivalente a um . . . — Map (db m31815) HM
Brazil, Rio de Janeiro — Cristovão Leite de Castro
Engeneheiro Cristovão Leite de Castro idealizou e realizou o teleférico do Pão de Açucar Inaugurado em 29 de outubro de 1972 English Translation: Engineer Cristovão Leite de Castro masterminded and carried out the {modernization} of the Sugar Loaf cable cars. Inaugurated October 29, 1972. — Map (db m26376) HM
Brazil, Rio de Janeiro (Rio de Janeiro) — CCAPACompanhia Camaniho Aéreo Pão de Açúcar
No dia 27 de Octubro de 2002, a Companhia Camaniho Aéreo Pão de Açúcar - CCAPA - compleou 90 anos de serviços ininteruptos do teleférico. Esta tecnologia de ponta de engemharia transformou o Pão de Açucar em um icone nacional de grande orgulho par o carioca. A diretoria da CCAPA homenageia seu pioneiro fundador, engenheiro Augusto Ferreira Ramos, pela implantação do primeiro sistema teleferico Brasileiro, que funcionou durante 60 anos, como também o Engenheiro Cristóvão Leite de Castro, . . . — Map (db m26365) HM
British Columbia (Capital Regional District), Brentwood Bay — Above The Sunken Garden
The mound in the centre of the quarry was of an inferior grade of limestone and therefore not quarried. Left intact, it provided a natural viewpoint amid the developing garden beds. Jennie Butchart planted a pair of arbor vitae (trees of life) on either side of the walkway in 1920. They have become a distinguishing part of the Sunken Garden and have been replaced three times. — Map (db m74451) HM
British Columbia (Capital Regional District), Brentwood Bay — Coast Salish Totem Poles
Eagle with Salmon, Orca, Bear with Salmon This Totem Pole, carve in Contemporary Coast Salish style by master carver Doug LaFortune of the Tsawout First Nation, was dedicated on September 9th, 2004 in celebration of the 100th anniversary of The Butchart Gardens. ———————— Raven, Beaver with Grouse, Otter with pups & clam, Frog This Totem Pole, carved in Classic Coast Salish style by master carver Charles Elliott of the Tsartlip . . . — Map (db m74456) HM
British Columbia (Capital Regional District), Brentwood Bay — Concert Lawn
Under the sponsorship of Mr. and Mrs. Ian Ross, the Victoria Symphony Orchestra performed summer concerts on the main lawn between 1953 and 1967. Conducted by Hans Gruber they featured many international artists such as Teresa Stratas, Bernard Turgeon and Grace Bumbry. On occasion guest conductors were invited to lead the orchestra. — Map (db m74461) HM
British Columbia (Capital Regional District), Brentwood Bay — Fountain of the Three Sturgeons
Once the location of a large Japanese teahouse, the view from the fountain is a commanding one of the Butchart Residence across the Main Lawn. — Map (db m74485) HM
British Columbia (Capital Regional District), Brentwood Bay — Organ Pavillion
The Aeolian Pipe Organ played at The Butchart Gardens is an early twentieth century residence instrument equipped with its own pneumatic player. Built by the Aeolian Company of New York this model, once owned by Vancouver department store owner, Chris Spencer, is identical to the one owned by R.P. Butchart and installed in his residence here at Benvenuto. Fully playable manually this organ boasts just under one thousand individual pipes, a set of twenty tubular chimes and a forty-nine note . . . — Map (db m74479) HM
British Columbia (Capital Regional District), Brentwood Bay — Rose Garden History
The present Rose Garden was built in 1929 and 1930 on the site of the Butchart's vegetable garden. The design was developed by Butler Sturtevant, a Seattle landscape artist, and adapted by Jennie Butchart. The head gardener at the time, Bob Ballantyne, was in charge of its installation. His perfectionist methods added greatly to its improvement and expansion over the next thirty years until his retirement in 1959. Between the Rose Garden and the nursery field, now the Concert Lawn, the . . . — Map (db m74483) HM
British Columbia (Capital Regional District), Brentwood Bay — Ross Fountain Lookout
This smaller quarry was a source of limestone in the 1860s. It was here that Ian Ross, grandson of Mr. and Mrs. Butchart, devised his spectacular fountain with the assistance of his plumber, Adrian Butler and his electrician, Vic Dawson. The Ross Fountain commemorated the 60th Anniversary of The Butchart Gardens when it was installed in 1964. — Map (db m74441) HM
British Columbia (Capital Regional District), Brentwood Bay — Ross Fountain Lookout
Directly behind the Ross Fountain lies Tod Inlet and the site of the Vancouver Portland Cement Company established in 1904. Adjacent to the plant at Tod Inlet was a village that housed the employees. — Map (db m74444) HM
British Columbia (Capital Regional District), Brentwood Bay — Seed & Fireworks Fields
In 1903, the land now occupied by the Butchart Gardens was purchased from a local dairy farmer, Mr. Fernie. Reservoirs were excavated in 1969 to ensure a water supply for irrigation. The single jet fountain was installed to aerate the water supply in the largest reservoir, now the focal point of the fireworks display. — Map (db m74459) HM
British Columbia (Capital Regional District), Brentwood Bay — Soda Fountain Sit-In
The factory buildings have been demolished and the land is now designated as provincial parkland. The one remaining chimney is within The Butchart Gardens and stands as a beacon to the cement industry it once served. — Map (db m74447) HM
British Columbia (Capital Regional District), Brentwood Bay — Star Pond
This pond was designed by Mr. Butchart for his collection of ducks in 1931. Beyond is the entrance to the Italian Garden through a Lawson cypress hedge. — Map (db m74549) HM
British Columbia (Capital Regional District), Brentwood Bay — Sunken Garden Lake Sit-in
Limestone was also quarried up the hill from the Sunken Garden. It was transported in ore buckets suspended on cables high above ground from some half a mile away. — Map (db m74432) HM
British Columbia (Capital Regional District), Brentwood Bay — The Butchart Boar
The original Porcellino, or little pig, sits on the south side of the Straw Market in Florence, Italy. For generations his nose has been affectionately rubbed to bring good luck, so that today his snout is finely burnished. About 1620 Pietro Tacca cast the "little pig" in bronze from the marble boar "Cinghiale", now displayed at the Uffizi Gallery in Florence. He completely changed the simple base of the earlier statue by adding a small pool surrounded by plants, frogs, snakes and a . . . — Map (db m74552) HM
British Columbia (Capital Regional District), Brentwood Bay — The Butchart Gardens / Les Jardins Butchart
Jennie Butchart began to shape this magnificent landscape in 1904. She established, in the style of the grand estates of the period, several distinct gardens to evoke a range of aesthetic experiences. An abandoned limestone quarry was transformed into the dramatic Sunken Garden, a reflection of the early 20th-century beautification movement and an exceptional achievement in Canadian gardening history. Through successive generations of the Butchart family, this site has retained much of its . . . — Map (db m74419) HM
British Columbia (Capital Regional District), Brentwood Bay — The Italian Garden
The Italian Garden is the most formal of Mrs. Butchart's gardens. Created in 1926 on the site of the family tennis court, the well known architect Samuel Maclure worked from Mr. Butchart's ideas to create the garden. — Map (db m74551) HM
British Columbia (Capital Regional District), Brentwood Bay — The Japanese Garden
The first of Jennie Butchart's formal gardens, the Japanese Garden was started in 1906. A Japanese landscape artist, Isaburo Kishida, assisted her with the design. Under the supervision of Hugh Lindsay the first of Mrs. Butchart's head gardeners, labourers from the cement works implemented Kishida's plan. Jennie installed a torii gate to mark the entrance to the garden. The magnificent purple beech on each side of the gate and the Japanese maples at the head of the stone stairs down into . . . — Map (db m74513) HM
British Columbia (Capital Regional District), Brentwood Bay — The Quarry Walls
The barren rock face of the quarry presented Jennie Butchart with a challenge. She hung in a bosun's chair to plant ivy in the crevices in the rock walls. — Map (db m74437) HM
British Columbia (Capital Regional District), Brentwood Bay — The Sunken Garden
The Limestone deposit was exhausted in 1908 and the quarry abandoned. Mrs. Butchart conceived the idea of transforming the barren pit into a garden and thus the Sunken Garden came into being. In 1910 she planted Lombardy poplar trees in an attempt to block the view of the cement factory. By 1912 the development of the garden was underway and it was completed in 1921. — Map (db m74428) HM
British Columbia (Capital Regional District), Brentwood Bay — The Sunken Garden Lake
The deepest part of the quarry floor was sealed, lined and allowed to fill with water from a natural spring forming a lake 40 ft deep in places. Mr. Butchart stocked the pool with trout which would rise to the surface to be fed when he clapped his hands. — Map (db m74438) HM
British Columbia (Capital Regional District), Sidney — Mayor's Community Builder Awardees at Beacon Park Pavilion
Town of Sidney BC Spirit Squares Beacon Park Pavilion Opened June 28, 2009 by the Honourable Steven Point, Lt. Gov. of BC A legacy of the 150th anniversary of the founding of the Crown Colony of British Columbia —————————— Joan E. Ballenger 1939 - 2005 The Town of Sidney and Peninsula Celebrations Society celebrate Joan Ballenger, an incredibly active community volunteer. In 1994, Joan saw an opportunity . . . — Map (db m75464) HM
British Columbia (Capital Regional District), Sidney — Port of Entry Beacon
was seen in early days by ships at sea Hence, Beacon Avenue — Map (db m75341) HM
British Columbia (Capital Regional District), Sidney — Waterfront Industries
Before town planning and notions of the picturesque, waterfronts were convenient for industrial development. As a transportation hub, Sidney's waterfront boasted a sawmill, a cannery, boatworks and roofing plant, besides rail and ship facilities. Sidney sawmill began in 1892 to cut lumber for the V&S Railway. After initial success it flagged and was in receivership by 1913. Closed until 1917, it was revived by GH Walton. By 1920 it employed about 150 men, the largest workforce in the . . . — Map (db m75465) HM
British Columbia (Capital Regional District), Sidney — Year of the Ocean
If the Oceans of the world perish, so shall we. This mural was painted in celebration of the "International Year of the Ocean", and is a brief glimpse into the story of ocean science on the west coast. A mere fraction of the story is depicted here. The mural is a dream of the Ocean, and like a dream it flows across a montage of images floating through space and time. Beginning in the distant past, with an Ancient Navigator lovingly holding our Ocean planet, it ends with a . . . — Map (db m75463) HM
British Columbia (Capital Regional District), Victoria — "Summerdyne"Celebrating Our Heritage
The Burrell family home, "Summerdyne", on Oak Bay Avenue at Monterey looking west - circa 1906 The Burrell family walking east along Oak Bay Avenue near their home - circa 1900 — Map (db m75299) HM
British Columbia (Capital Regional District), Victoria — Hosaqami
a replica of the original pole carved in 1960 by Chief Mungo Martin Carved by Chief Tony Hunt and Raised on 8 September 2012 in the presence of The Honourable Steven L. Point, OBC Lieutenant Governor of British Columbia in honour of Her Majesty Queen Elizabeth II’s Diamond Jubilee and dedicated to all Aboriginal Veterans This pole was made possible thanks to the generosity of the Government House Foundation and in cooperation with the Esquimalt and Songhees First . . . — Map (db m75002) HM WM
British Columbia (Capital Regional District), Victoria — 90 mm Anti-Aircraft GunCanon Antiaérien de 90 mm
During the 1950s this type of anti-aircraft gun was part of the Victoria-Esquimalt defences, although it was not used here at Fort Rodd Hill. This American-made weapon had begun to replace the British-designed 3.7-inch gun as the Canadian Army’s heavy AA defence after the Second World War. It had a maximum vertical range of 30,000 feet and fired 22 rounds a minute. ——————————————— . . . — Map (db m75031) HM
British Columbia (Capital Regional District), Victoria — A Natural HarbourFisherman's Wharf Park
ca. 1860 [Photo caption reads] A detail of the View of Victoria, 1860. Major Bay is largely undeveloped. BC Archives POP01538 1878 [Photo caption reads] Bird's-Eye View of Victoria, Vancouver Island, B.C. 1878, detail. Drawn by E.S. Glover, Published by M.W. Waitt & Co., Victoria, B.C. 1880's The shores around Shoal Point and Major Bay offered a protected landing point and by the 1890's the development of the Outer Wharves changed the look of the untouched . . . — Map (db m74383) HM
British Columbia (Capital Regional District), Victoria — British Columbia Indians World Wars Memorial
This tablet in memory of the British Columbia Indians who gave their lives in the World Wars 1914 • 1918 - 1939 • 1945 — Map (db m74139) WM
British Columbia (Capital Regional District), Victoria — Coast Defence Artillery Positions: 1878-1956Positions de l’artillerie côtière: 1878-1956
The harbours at Victoria and Esquimalt, and the adjacent coastline were defended by temporary gun emplacements from 1878. International crises during the latter part of the century led to an agreement between the Canadian and British governments to improve and expand these defences with permanent fortifications and modern guns. Fort Rodd Hill was one part of this new development and continued in service until 1956. ———————— À partir . . . — Map (db m75210) HM
British Columbia (Capital Regional District), Victoria — Creation of the Province of British ColumbiaCréation de la Province de Columbie-Britannique
[English] The province of British Columbia was created on July 20, 1871. Formerly a crown colony established by the union in 1866 of Vancouver Island with the mainland colony of British Columbia, the addition of the Pacific coast province made Canada truly a nation “from sea to sea”. With provincial status came success for the movement toward self-government. The first Lieutenant-Governor of British Columbia was Joseph W. Trutch and the first premier was John Foster . . . — Map (db m49038) HM
British Columbia (Capital Regional District), Victoria — Fisgard Lighthouse National Historic SiteLe Phare Fisgard, Lieu Historique National
Fisgard Lighthouse was built in 1860 as the first permanent light on the west coast of Canada. Although administered together with Fort Rodd Hill, it is a separate national historic site. There is no historic connection between the two structures. The lighthouse now contains exhibits on shipwrecks, navigation and the growth of the west coast lighthouse system. Various lenses and lightkeeping tools are also on display. Your most direct route to Fisgard is by the path that leads . . . — Map (db m75218) HM
British Columbia (Capital Regional District), Victoria — From Mudflat to Rain GardenFisherman's Wharf Park
A sports field served James Bay for many years until the Community envisioned a new park space. On August 27th, 2009 City Council adopted the Fisherman's Wharf Management Plan. The plan was completed in two phases and the Mayor celebrated the grand opening with residents on October 2nd, 2012. [Inset photos and text follow] A small shanty-town was also born during this era with houses in the bay. 1940's. 1940 - Today The map underlay shows the shoreline of 1940. Major Bay's . . . — Map (db m74385) HM
British Columbia (Capital Regional District), Victoria — Government House
This plaque was unveiled by The Honourable Frank Mackenzie Ross, C.M.G., M.C., LL.D. Lieutenant Governor of the Province of British Columbia on May 19th, 1959, to mark the official opening of the 10th Government House built to replace the former residence destroyed by fire April 15th, 1957. Planned and constructed under the authority of the Hon. W. N. Chant, Minister of Public Works, Province of British Columbia. Built by John Laing and Son, (Canada) Limited. — Map (db m74991) HM
British Columbia (Capital Regional District), Victoria — In Commemoration of the Treaty Between Great Britain and the Russian Empire28 February 1825, Demarcating Canada's Western Boundary
[English] In Commemoration of the Treaty Between Great Britain and the Russian Empire, 28 February 1825, Demarcating Canada’s Western Boundary [Russian] В память Договора между Великобританией и Россия . . . — Map (db m48937) HM
British Columbia (Capital Regional District), Victoria — Kwakiutl Bear Pole
Project of Native Indians' Participation Centennial Sub-Committee to commemorate the Union in 1866 of the colonies on Vancouver Island and the mainland as British Columbia Kwakiutl Bear Pole carved by Mr. Henry Hunt of Kwawkewlth Indian Band at Victoria, B.C. Log donated by MacMillan, Bloedel and Powell River, Limited. — Map (db m74399) HM
British Columbia (Capital Regional District), Victoria — Minnie Victoria Robertson
[Born] December 7th, 1870, Victoria, Drowned Ellice Bridge Disaster May 26th, 1896 — Map (db m74701) HM
British Columbia (Capital Regional District), Victoria — Rockland Cairn
This monument was erected by residents of Rockland, with the support of the City of Victoria, to commemorate the past, celebrate the millennium and look to the future. Rockland was carved out of the 500 acre Douglas Estate “Fairfield Farm” in the mid 1800’s. The foremost architects of Victoria reflected the image and lifestyle of their day in the grand homes of Rockland. Residents of Rockland have sought to maintain the heritage character of the neighbourhood for the . . . — Map (db m75028) HM
British Columbia (Capital Regional District), Victoria — 5 — Signs of LekwungenWe Are Still Here — Beside the "Lookout" on Beacon Hill - míqən
There are messages in the landscape here, surviving traditional place names, and the soil itself preserves ancient stories waiting to be told. This is the land of the Lekwungen People, known today as the Esquimalt and Songhees Nations. As you travel through the city, you will find seven carvings that mark places of cultural significance. To seek out these markers is to learn about the land, its original culture, and the spirit of its people. The hill here is called MEE-qan which . . . — Map (db m74378) HM
British Columbia (Capital Regional District), Victoria — Stone Boundary Marker
A stone boundary marker set by the Royal Engineers 1859-60 as part of the original survey of Government House grounds and Fairfield Farm. — Map (db m75001) HM
British Columbia (Capital Regional District), Victoria — The Guardhouse / Corps de garde
This structure was designed to accommodate the guard when the battery was fully manned. Consisting of three or four soldiers commanded by a non-commissioned officer, the guard provided sentries to control the gate and patrol the battery perimeter. There was a small kitchen, a living room and a bedroom that could also be used to hold short-term prisoners. The bedroom extended beyond the defensible wall and served as a concrete blockhouse. Loopholes in the bedroom permitted soldiers . . . — Map (db m75775) HM
British Columbia (Capital Regional District), Victoria — The Victoria Centennial FountainActivated 2 August 1968 by Hon. W.A.C. Bennett, L.E.D.. Premier.
British Columbia was formed from four British Colonies and territories: The Crown Colony of Vancouver Island 1845 The Dependency of the Queen Charlotte Islands 1852 The Crown Colony of British Columbia 1856 The Stickeen Territory 1862 Plaques on the fountain tell the origin of their union to become the British Columbia of today. The animal symbols are those from which all Indian Societies obtained their main totems of the four areas. The first impetus to exploration and . . . — Map (db m49074) HM
British Columbia (Capital Regional District), Victoria — Upper Battery / Batterie supérieure
A coast artillery battery consists of one or more gun emplacements and supporting structures and equipment. Its role was defensive; to prevent attack by enemy warships through the use of artillery. The layout of Upper Battery is typical of a coast defence battery of this period: High ground and a commanding position... + a clear field of fire for the gun... + a secure magazine to safely store ammunition close to the gun... + a communication system to control gun . . . — Map (db m75248) HM
British Columbia (Capital Regional District), Victoria — Upper, Lower, Belmont BatteriesBatteries supérieure, inférieure et Belmont
These batteries were constructed at Fort Rodd Hill between 1895 and 1900, as part of the defences of Esquimalt Harbour. Upper and Lower Batteries, with their three large 6 inch guns, were designed to counter bombard enemy warships. Belmont Battery was equipped to engage fast torpedo boats, with smaller quick firing guns. ———————— Ces batteries furent construites au fort Rodd Hill entre 1895 et 1900 pour faire partie du système . . . — Map (db m75216) HM
British Columbia (Greater Vancouver Regional District), Semiahmoo — Peace ArchThe Signing of the Columbia River Treaty
Upper marker: This unfortified boundary line between the Dominion of Canada and the United States of America should quicken the remembrance of the more than century old friendship between these countries A lesson of peace to all nations. Lower marker: In commemoration of One hundred and fifty years of peace, 1814 - 1864, between Canada and the United States of America. The signing of the Columbia River Treaty on September 16th, 1964, at this international . . . — Map (db m27450) HM
British Columbia (National Capital Region), Victoria — Gun Emplacement / Emplacement du canon
One 6-inch gun on a disappearing carriage was mounted in this emplacement. The wall and sunken emplacement helped to conceal and protect the gun and crew from enemy bombardment. The concrete apron and earth glacis extending away from the top of the wall was designed to deflect incoming shells. Cet emplacement comprenait un canon de 6 pouces monté sur un affût à éclipse. Le mur et la fosse aidaient à dissimuler le canon et servaients à les protéger contre les bombardements ennemis. Le . . . — Map (db m76336) HM
Manitoba, Lockport — St. Andrews Caméré Curtain Dam
This is the only Caméré curtain bridge-dam built in North American, and by far the largest ever constructed. H.E .Vautelet, the Canadian engineer responsible for its design, adapted a French technological advancement to deal with the destructive and unpredictable floodwaters of the Red River. It has wooden curtains that dam the river for navigation and roll up to pass the spring freshets. The Canadian government constructed the dam, lock and machine shop/electrical powerhouse in 1907-1910 as . . . — Map (db m9205) HM
New Brunswick (Charlotte County), Welshpool — Campobello Company and HotelsLe Campobello Company et les Hôtels
Although visitors had been coming to the island since 1855, Campobello's summer trade did not really prosper until the 1880s - years of long summer vacations and great resorts. A group of Boston and New York businessmen bought most of the island in 1881. The new owners called themselves the Campobello Company; their plan was to promote the island as a summer resort. They hoped to lure a wealthy clientele with extensive leisure time to the island, let them enjoy the area's many charms, . . . — Map (db m63639) HM
New Brunswick (Charlotte County), Welshpool — Friar's Head / Le Cap Friar
Friar's Head takes its name from the stone pillar or stack (photo 1) that rises from the beach directly below the observation deck. While occupying Eastport, the British navy was said to have used the stone pillar for target practice, altering its outline to that of a hooded monk or Friar in deep contemplation. Native American Passamaquoddy legend referred to this rock as the Stone Maiden. The legend speaks of a young brave leaving on a long journey, telling his lover to sit . . . — Map (db m63629) HM
New Brunswick (Charlotte County), Welshpool — Mulholland Point / La Pointe Mulholland
Built in 1885, the Mulholland Point Lighthouse (photo 1) served as a guide for the many small coasters and freighters taking the shorter and more foul weather-protected route through the Lubec Narrows. Steamships, such as the Penobscot (photo 2), sailing between Boston, Portland, and Eastport in the 1890s could only travel through the Narrows when the tide was high. Otherwise, they had to steam around the eastern side of Campobello. The first automobiles brought to the island . . . — Map (db m63593) HM
New Brunswick (Charlotte County), Welshpool — Panoramic View of CottagesVue Panoramique des Résidences d'Éte
Two of the Campobello Company's founders, Alex S. Porter and Samuel Wells, and several of the luxury hotel visitors, including James Roosevelt and families by the name of Sturgis, Cochrane, Prince, and Pell purchased land and refurbished or built large cottages. Five cottages remain today: the Prince, Roosevelt, Hubbard, Wells-Shober, and Johnston cottages in what is now the Roosevelt Campobello International Park's historic core. This circa 1914 photo identifies the various . . . — Map (db m63641) HM
New Brunswick (Charlotte County), Welshpool — Passamaquoddy Tidal Power ProjectProjet de Centrale Électrique Marée Motrice
During the years FDR summered on Campobello, the daughter of one of Campobello's summer colonists married Dexter P. Cooper, an eminent American engineer. Cooper studied the tremendous rise and fall of Passamaquoddy Bay's tides and became obsessed with the potential of generating electricity from the 2 billion cubic metres (70 billion cubic feet) of seawater that entered and left the bay twice each day. Passamaquoddy tides are among the highest in the world, and range from a maximum . . . — Map (db m63611) HM
Ontario, Ottawa — By Ward Market Heritage Conservation DistrictDistrict de Conservation du Patrimoine du Marché By
The dense cedar bog that became the site of the By Ward Market was drained and cleared in 1827 by Lieutenant-Colonel John By of the Royal Engineers to accommodate the workers building the Rideau Canal. The area rapidly became the commercial core of Bytown and later served the region's farming communities and the Ottawa Valley lumber industry, whose itinerant lumbermen gave the town its rowdy reputation. Over the next century the By Ward Market housed the businesses and institutions that . . . — Map (db m63692) HM
Ontario (Hastings County), Shannonville — Nelson International Raceway
This was the original name of SMP when the track was first built in 1975. After coming to Canada from Ireland in 1954, John Nelson followed his passion for motorcycles and racing. He owned several bike shops in Toronto and became quite an accomplished rider in his own right. In October 1976 the first motorcycle race was held here on a chilly Thanksgiving weekend. Known for his burly laugh, racing stories and legendary repair jobs, John was admired and well liked by everyone in the racing . . . — Map (db m77758) HM
Ontario (Leeds & Grenville Counties), Brockville — George Chaffey1848 - 1932
Born at Brockville, Canada West, Chaffey became a shipbuilder on the Great Lakes and the inventor of a new type of propeller. Subsequently he went to California where, in partnership with his brother, he built a model irrigation project and founded the city of Ontario. At the request of Alfred Deakin, later Prime Minister of Australia, Chaffey went to that continent in 1886 where he began irrigated fruit production in the Murray Valley. By proving that irrigation was practical, Chaffey was . . . — Map (db m87019) HM
Ontario (Leeds & Grenville Counties), Brockville — Senator George T. Fulford1852 - 1905
Born and raised in Brockville, George Taylor Fulford apprenticed at his brother's drugstore and took charge of it himself at age 22. Five years later, he was elected to the first of 12 terms as alderman. Fulford entered the patent-medicine trade in 1886, and in 1890 acquired the rights to his most famous product, "Dr. Williams' Pink Pills for Pale People." His use of large-scale newspaper testimonial advertising helped expand his business internationally. His headquarters remained in . . . — Map (db m87015) HM
Ontario (Leeds and Grenville Counties), Maitland — Homewood
Construction of Homewood was begun in 1800 by Dr. Solomon Jones, a prominent Loyalist, local officeholder and early resident of this region. With its balanced five-bay façade, centre hallway plan and classical detailing, it reflects the influence of British Palladianism, while its fieldstone construction and deeply pitched roof echo the Québec traditions of its builder, the Montréal Mason Louis Brillière. In spite of several additions, Homewood retains much of its original character and . . . — Map (db m89978) HM
Ontario (Middlesex County), London — Engine 86
Built in 1910 for the Grand Trunk Railway by the Canadian Locomotive Company of Kingston, Ontario, and weighing 135 tons, Engine 86 is one of the last remaining 2-6-0 Mogul engines in Canada. This class of engine was designed specifically for branch line work. Retired by the C.N.R., it was donated to the City of London and moved to Queen's Park in 1958. For more than a century, railways provided the links that fueled London's economy. The first train arrived in the city in 1853, when the . . . — Map (db m75960) HM
Ontario (Niagara Region), St. Catharines — The Fourth Welland CanalAn Outstanding Canadian Engineering Achievement
A tribute to Canadian engineering design and construction, the Fourth Welland Canal was built to permit passage of ships between Lakes Ontario and Erie, bypassing Niagara Falls. Constructed in the period 1913 - 1932 at a cost of $130 million, it incorporates systems of locks, weirs, moveable bridges, and a power house. The Canal which is 43.4 km (27 miles) in length, overcomes a difference in elevation between the two lakes of 99.5 m (326 feet) by means of seven lift locks and one control lock. . . . — Map (db m76084) HM
Ontario (Niagara Region), St. Catharines — Welland Ship Canal
This plaque erected to mark the 40th anniversary of the opening of the Welland Ship Canal to world shipping on August 6, 1932, commemorates the significant role this historic waterway and our inland fleet play in Canadian national life. This canal ranks among the great engineering achievements of this century. It forms part of the Great Lakes - St. Lawrence Seaway System, being the fourth to connect Lake Ontario and Lake Erie since the completion in 1829 of the original Welland Canal. — Map (db m76344) HM
Ontario (Northumberland County), Cobourg — Victoria Hall
One of the finest public buildings in Canada, this imposing structure was built as an expression of civic pride and confidence in the future. It was begun in 1856 and opened by the Prince of Wales four years later. Designed by the renowned architect Kivas Tully, Victoria Hall is classical in form and is distinguished by elaborately carved ornamentation, an elegant pediment supported by four Corinthian columns and a massive, column-ringed cupola. The building's interior with its traditional, . . . — Map (db m90084) HM
Ontario (Ottawa), Carp — The Central Emergency Government HeadquartersLe Siège Central du Gouvernement d'Urgence
Irreverently known as the "Diefenbunker," this structure is a powerful symbol of Canada's response to the Cold War. Designed in the 1950s to withstand all but a direct his by a nuclear weapon, it was intended to shelter key political and military personnel during a nuclear attack. Fortunately, it never served its intended purpose, although the Diefenbaker government made plans to retreat to its protection during the Cuban missile crisis of 1962. The bunker functioned as the hub of a . . . — Map (db m75715) HM
Ontario (Oxford County), Thamesford — St. John's Anglican Church1861 - 2011
This plaque commemorates the 150th Anniversary of St. John's Church, which was constructed with local field stones and the labour of the parishioners. This original carriage alighting stone has welcomed all visitors through the years. — Map (db m75952) HM
Ontario (Stormont, Dundas & Glengarry counties), South Stormont — Lost Villages of the St Lawrence
Construction of the St Lawrence Seaway required the flooding of 20,000 acres along the Canadian shoreline between Iroquois and Cornwall. Some of these lands had been settled by loyalists in the 1780s. Between 1955 and 1957, 6,500 residents were relocated many of them to the new communities of Ingleside and Long Sault. Work crews moved buildings to new sites and re-routed highways and railway tracks. Iroquois and part of Morrisburg were rebuilt on higher ground. On "Inundation Day", July 1, . . . — Map (db m86808) HM
Ontario (Timiskaming County), Cobalt — Nipissing Vein No. 96
The deep gash in this hillside is all that remains of silver vein No. 96. The vein was originally discovered in 1908 by the Nipissing Mining Company Limited using an exploration method called trenching. Trenches are simply shallow channels dug down through loosely consolidated soil to bedrock in the search for minerals. This technique still remains one of the cheapest and most cost-effective methods of exploration today. The vein was originally “stoped”, or mined upwards from . . . — Map (db m44574) HM
Ontario (Toronto), Toronto — The Lake Light
This lighthouse, one of the earliest on the Great Lakes, was completed in 1808 as an hexagonal tower 52 feet high, topped by a wooden cage with a fixed whale-oil lantern. In 1832 it was raised to 82 feet and later equipped with a revolving light. The mysterious disappearance of its first keeper, J.P. Rademuller, in 1815 and the subsequent discovery nearby of part of a human skeleton enhanced its reputation as a haunted building. Erected by the Ontario Archaeological and Historic Sites Board. Map (db m40779) HM
Quebec (Acton MRC), Acton Vale — Acton Vale Station
The design of this building is based on a standard plan used by the Grand Trunk Railway Company to build several stations between 1895 and 1905 on the line connecting Montreal to Portland, Maine. This plan features a variety of structural shapes, including a high-pitched dormer window, a turret with multipaned windows, and a bellcast roof, which together produce a strikingly pituresque effect. Formed in 1853, the Grand Trunk Company became part of the Canadian National after the latter was created in 1919. — Map (db m74535) HM
Quebec (Coaticook MRC), Waterville — École HYATT School
The settlement of Milby dates back to the 1790s. This Hyatt One-Room Schoolhouse was built on land originally granted to Loyalist Abraham Hyatt Sr., located in the Hyatt Settlement, now known as Milby. Two brothers, Cornelius and Abraham Jr. settled here while another brother Gilbert settled first at Capelton and later moved to Lower Forks in 1796, then called Hyatt's Mills, known to-day as Sherbrooke.

Loyalist Cornelius Hyatt operated the Grist Mill and Saw Mill at the river, just . . . — Map (db m74544) HM

Quebec (Haut-Richelieu MRC), Saint-Jean-sur-Richelieu — First Railway in Canada
Canada's first steam railway, the Champlain and St. Lawrence, was opened in 1836 to better facilitate trade with the United States. It was built by promoters led by brewer John Molson and merchant-forwarder Jason C. Pierce. This 23-kilometre line expedited the movement of passengers and freight between Montréal and New York by linking La Prairie, on the St. Lawrence River and Saint-Jean-sur-Richelieu. The wooden rails were replaced with iron in 1847, and the line was extended in 1851 to Rouses . . . — Map (db m74533) HM
Quebec (Haut-Richelieu MRC), Saint-Jean-sur-Richelieu — Former Grand Trunk Railway Station
The Saint-Jean station, built in 1890, symbolizes the presence of the Grand Trunk Railway in Québec before its amalgamation in 1923 with the Canadian National Railways. The Grand Trunk was incorporated in 1853 to provide service through the Province of Canada to the East Coast. It was created by combining new construction with existing lines, and eventually stretched from Sarnia, Ontario, to Portland, Maine. The design, typical of small stations of the period, is characterized by a hipped roof, . . . — Map (db m74534) HM
Quebec (Ville-Marie Borough), Montréal — The Nelson Column, Montreal
North face : In memory of the Right Honorable Lord Viscount Nelson Duke of Bronte who terminated his career of Naval Glory in the memorable Battle of Trafalgar on the 21st of Oct 1806 after inculcating by signal a maxim that can never be forgotten by his country: “England expects every man will do his duty.” This monumental pillar was erected by a subscription of the inhabitants of Montreal in the year 1808. West face : On the 1st and 2nd of August 1798, Rear . . . — Map (db m33963) HM
Yukon Territory, Whitehorse — Alaska Highway
(left marker) At this site on 1 April 1946 the United States Army officially handed over the Alaska Highway and associated facilities to the Canadian Army This plaque is dedicated to the those who built and cared for the Alaska Highway by the members of the Northwest Highway System June 1956 (right marker) At this site on 1 April 1964 the Canadian Army handed over responsibility for the Alaska Highway and the Northwest Highway . . . — Map (db m42832) HM
Dominica, St George, Roseau — Carnegie Library of Roseau
This building is the gift to the people of Dominica of Andrew Carnegie Esquire of Skibo Castle, Sutherland N.B. A.D. 1905 — Map (db m94399) HM
Dominican Republic, Santo Domingo — Borgellá's PalacePalacio de Borgellá — (Antigua Casa de Diego de Herrera)
Vivienda del siglo XVI, originalmente habitada por el escribano Diego de Herrera, importante personaje de la colonia española. La galería frontal con arcos se le añade durante la ocupación haitiana de 1822 a 1844, cuando fue remodelada para Casa de Gobierno, por el gobernador haitiano Gerónimo Borgellá. En 1863 fue asiento de la Real Audiencia durante la anexión a España. Ha sido sede del Tribunal de Justicia y del Senado de la República. English translation: A 16th century building, . . . — Map (db m92597) HM
Dominican Republic, Santo Domingo — Cathedral of Santo Domingo, First of the AmericasLa Catedral de Santo Domingo Primada de América
Creado por el Papa Julio II en su bula Romanus Pontifex (8 de agosto de 1511). Es la primera de las Catedrales de América. Fue erigida el 12 de mayo de 1512, albergándose en un edificio de paja y madera hasta que se construyó la obra de cantería, cuya primera piedra colocó el segundo obispo D. Alejando Geraldini. El arquitecto Luis de Moya inició las obras en 1523 quedando concluidas su principal estructura en 1540. Desde su origen estuvo dedicado a Nuestra Señora de la Encarnación. Mediante . . . — Map (db m92704) HM
Dominican Republic, Santo Domingo — Chapel of Our Lady of the RemediesCapilla de Nuestra Señora de los Remedios
Construida por Don Francisco Dávila dentro de los terrenos de su mayorazgo. Sirvió como capilla particular de varias familias distinguidas durante la colonia. Estuvo en ruinas; restaurandose nuevamente en 1884. English translation: Constructed by Francisco Dávila on his property. It served as a personal chapel for various distinguished families during the colonial period. It was in ruins, but was reconstructed in 1884. — Map (db m92725) HM
Dominican Republic, Santo Domingo — Christopher Columbus' Last Residence
Esta casa fué la última morada en América desde el 13 de agosto hasta el 11 de septiembre, 1504 de Cristóbal Colón
Descubridor del Nuevo Mundo, Primer Almirante de la Mar Oceana y de las Indias Occidentales, Virrey y Gobernador General. Conmemoración de los 505 años de su regreso a España. Fundación Amigos del Museo de las Casas Reales, Inc. Secretaría de Estado de Cultura 11 de septiembre de 2009 English translation: This house was the last residence in the Americas, from . . . — Map (db m92723) HM
Dominican Republic, Santo Domingo — First City Hall in the AmericasPrimer ayuntamiento de America
Primer ayuntamiento de America fundado en La Isabela el 24 de abril de 1494 - Diego Colon._ Presidente del Ayto. Pedro Fernandez C._ Oficial Mayor Padre Bernardo Boil._ Regidor Alonso Sanchez Carvajal._ Regidor Juan de Lujan._ Regidor - Homenaje del Ayuntamiento – Disto. Nacional. _ 24 de abril de 1979. English translation: First City Hall in the Americas founded in La Isabela April 24, 1494 Diego Colon. President Pedro Fernandez C. First Official Padre Bernardo Boil. Council . . . — Map (db m92692) HM
Dominican Republic, Santo Domingo — House of the JesuitsCasa de los Jesuitas
Asiento del Colegio de la Compañía de Jesus, fundado por Juan Jeronimo de Ribera y Quesada y provisto de licencia real el 23 de septiembre de 1701, erigido en Universidad y estudio general, con las mismas facultades y privilegios que gozaba la que se fundó en el Colegio de Gorjón el 23 de ferero de 1558. El Colegio se convirtió en la Universidad Real y Pontificia en Santiago de la Paz y de Gorjón en los años 1747 y 1748 English translation: House of the Jesuits. Founding location of . . . — Map (db m92758) HM
Dominican Republic, Santo Domingo — Palace of the GovernorsPalacio de los Gobernadores de la isla Española
Palacio de los Gobernadores de la isla Española. Capitanes generales y presidente de la Real Audiencia, primero de America construido alrededor de 1512 Sirvio de residencia a estos funcionarios reales durante la epoca colonial. En el periodo republicano fue sede del gobierno nacional hasta el año de 1947. Con motivo XX aniversario de la fundacion English translation: Palace of the Governors of the island Hispaniola. Captains general and the president of the Royal Court, first in the . . . — Map (db m92842) HM
Dominican Republic, Santo Domingo — Palace of the Viceroy Diego ColónPalacio Virreinal de Diego Colón
Sede del primer virreinato de América y residencia de la familia Colón-de Toledo. Su construcción se inicia en 1511 por orden del Virrey y Gobernador Don Diego Colón, hijo del Primer Almirante Don Cristóbal Colón, descubridor de América. Estuvo ocupado por la familia y sus descendientes hasta 1577, reconstruido en 1955, alberga un museo histórico. English translation: Site of the first Viceroyalty of America and residence of the Colón de Toledo family. Its construction started in 1511 . . . — Map (db m92803) HM
Dominican Republic, Santo Domingo — The Colonial City of Santo Domingo
La Ciudad Colonial de Santo Domingo fue declarada por la UNESCO Patrimonio Mundial En la XIV reunión del Comité del Patrimonio Mundial celebrada en Banff, Canada en diciembre de 1990, por su influencia en la arquitectura y el urbanismo de América, por su valor histórica y por esta asociado a eventos y hechos de trascendencia universal. La ciudad de Santo Domingo fue fundada por el Adelantado Don Bartolomé Colón el 5 de agosto de 1498 siguiendo instrucciones de los Reyes Católicos y de su . . . — Map (db m92856) HM
Dominican Republic, Santo Domingo — The Dávila HouseCasa de los Dávila
Edificio construido a inicios del siglo XVI por Francisco Dávila, oidor de la Real Audiencia y regidor de la ciudad. Única residencia de la colonia con capilla privada. English translation: This building was constructed at the beginning of the 16th century for Francisco Dávila, judge in the Royal Court and city councilman. This was the only residence of the colony with a private chapel. — Map (db m92724) HM
Dominican Republic, Santo Domingo — The French EmbassyEmbajada de Francia
Edificacion construida por orden del Gobernador Ovando a partir del 1502 Sirvio de morada a importantes personajes Ha servido de sede a instituciones publicas del estado Tradicionalmente se conocia como la casa de Hernan Cortes Restaurada por el Gobierno Constitucional en 1978 y remodelada en 1999 por la Republica Francesa English translation: This building was constructed by order of Governor Ovando starting in 1502. It served as a residence for many important persons. It has been the . . . — Map (db m92558) HM
Dominican Republic, Santo Domingo — The Residence of Treasurer Cristóbal de Santa ClaraLa Casa del Tesorero Cristóbal de Santa Clara
Esta edificación fue iniciada en 1505 sirviendo de casa morada del tesorero Cristobal de Santa Clara. En 1508 por disposición de S.A.R. Don Fernando el Catolico sirvió de asiento a la casa de contratación y luego fue sede de la Real Audiencia y Chancilleria de Santo Domingo, primera del Nuevo Mundo, creada por la Real Provision de S.A.R. La Reina Doña Juana 1ra de Castilla en Burgos el 5 de Octubre de 1511 Republica Dominicana Suprema Corte de Justicia 5 de octubre de 1992 Año del . . . — Map (db m92815) HM
El Salvador, Cuscatlán, Cojutepeque — Expansion of El Salvador's Telephone System
27 de abril de 1880 – 27 de abril de 1977 Ampliacion del sistema nacional de larga distancia inaugurada por el Colonel Arturo Armando Molina Presidente de la Republica Las Pavas, Cojutepeque, El Salvador. English translation: April 27, 1880 – April 27, 1977 Expansion of the national long distance telephone system inaugurated by Colonel Arturo Armando Molina President of the Republic Las Pavas, Cojutepeque, El Salvador. — Map (db m88838) HM
El Salvador, Cuscatlán, Suchitoto — Church PlatformPlataforma de Iglesia
La iglesia de la Trinidad era la que funcionaba dentro de la villa de San Salvador y en 1539 ó 1540 se llevó a cabo el primer matrimonio religioso documentado en el territorio. Este fue entre Francisco Castellón y Catalina Gutiérrez, mujer mestiza, hija del artillero Diego de Usagre y una mujer Mixteca (grupo indígena étnico proveniente de México) conocida como Magdalena. Francisco Castellón y Catalina Gutiérrez tuvieron cinco hijos: Lucas, Marcos, Juan, Leonor y Francisca Castellón y . . . — Map (db m93954) HM
El Salvador, Cuscatlán, Suchitoto — Ciudad Vieja Archaeological SiteSitio Arqueológico Ciudad Vieja de El Salvador
El proceso de la conquista española de América generó diversos paisajes culturales en los cuales se plasmó la huella, tanto de los conquistadores como de los conquistados. La prístina Villa de San Salvador fue fundada en 1525 por orden de Pedro de Alvarado y abandonada en 1526 debido a una rebelión indígena. Posteriormente, el primero de abril de 1528 se funda la primera Villa permanente de San Salvador en el valle de La Bermuda por orden de Jorge de Alvarado. El sitio arqueológico histórico . . . — Map (db m93975) HM
El Salvador, Cuscatlán, Suchitoto — 2 — Streets of Ciudad ViejaCalles de Ciudad Vieja
Esta forma urbana tiene como elemento de orígen la Plaza Mayor, de la cual se desprende una serie de calles que permiten, por la simplicidad de su diseño, acoplarse a las necesidades de división y parcelación en solares, además de proporcionar un mejor control de acceso, comunicicación y defensa. La cuadrícula, también permitió la planificación de calles suficientemente amplias para una buena circulación de sus habitantes. Las calles que se encuentran en el sitio Ciudad Vieja corresponden a . . . — Map (db m93968) HM
El Salvador, Cuscatlán, Suchitoto — 6 — Structure 1D1 or Southern Surveillance PointEstructura 1D1 o Puesto de Vigilancia Sur
El puesto de vigilancia sur, ubicado a las afueras del trazo urbano tenía como objetivo controlar toda actividad que pusiera en peligro la vida de los habitantes de la villa, especialmente de los ataques de las poblaciones indígenas locales. Este lugar también tiene una magnífica vista hacia el lado oeste y este del sitio. En dicha estructura se encontraron restos de carbón, cerámica, objetos de metal y una punta de proyectil así como restos de obsidiana, lo que sugiere que este espacio fue de . . . — Map (db m93963) HM
El Salvador, Cuscatlán, Suchitoto — Structure 3D2Estructura 3D2
Ocupaba un lugar muy destacado ya que forma la esquina suroeste de la Plaza Mayor. Según las evidencias arqueológicas encontradas durante las excavaciones, como por ejemplo, una canaleta en el piso, desechos de hierro, tierra quemada, ceniza y carbón, se ha sugerido que se trataba de un taller de herrería para la manufactura de armas usadas en la Conquista. Posiblemente esta estructura es una de las más tempranas del sitio cuando fue fundada la Villa de San Salvador debido su ubicación y a la . . . — Map (db m93930) HM
El Salvador, Cuscatlán, Suchitoto — 5 — Structure 4D1Estructura 4D1
Esta estructura fue de las últimas investigadas y restauradas en el sitio en el año 2011. Debido a los materiales arqueológicos encontrados, como escoria de hierro, carbón, clavos y tachuelas, esta estructura posiblemente fue un lugar para comercio como una tienda; además, se encontró en una de sus esquinas un cimiento de adobe donde posiblemente estaba colocado un poste de madera. Los cimientos de la estructura, como todas las demás del sitio, estaban compuestos de piedras y tierra . . . — Map (db m93929) HM
El Salvador, Cuscatlán, Suchitoto — 1 — Structure 4E1 or CabildoEstructura 4E1 o El Cabildo
Esto se identificó, debido al método constructivo, ubicación, planta arquitectónica y materiales culturales encontrados durante las excavaciones. Esta estructura era donde los españoles ejercían el poder cívico-administrativo. La estructura está construida sobre y en medio de roca madre de tipo andesita, utilizando además para su edificación, teja, baldosas y un piso de tierra compactada con baldosas de barro cocido. El Cabildo posee una forma rectangular con una dimensión de 6.5 m norte-sur, . . . — Map (db m93959) HM
El Salvador, La Libertad, Ciudad Arce — Abandonment of the San Andrés Archaeological Site
El sitio fue abandonado antes de la erupción de El Boquerón, esto puede coincidir con el llamado colapso maya Desde 2011 se realizan trabajos de investigación en este montículo ubicado sobre una plataforma aun no excavada. Los trabajos han permitido conocer las 3 últimas etapas de construcción constituidas de adobes y repellos de argamasa compactada, materiales constructivos característicos de éste sitio y la zona arqueológica de Chalchuapa. Pie de dibujo: Excavaciones realizadas . . . — Map (db m92662) HM
El Salvador, La Libertad, Ciudad Arce — Indigo Production at San Andrés
En San Andrés funcionó una hacienda añilera durante la época colonial De acuerdo a algunas fuentes, en las haciendas añileras de la época colonial se conjugaba la producción de añil, el cultivo de granos básicos y la ganadería. La primera actividad orientada a la exportación y las otras dos al consumo propio y comercio local, la hacienda que funcionó en los terrenos que ahora ocupa San Andrés no fue la excepción. Durante la erupción del Playón en noviembre de 1658, Opico y sus alrededores . . . — Map (db m92676) HM
El Salvador, La Libertad, Ciudad Arce — San Andrés Archaeological SiteSitio Arqueológico San Andrés
Ubicación En el valle de Zapotitán, municipio de Ciudad de Arce, departamento de La Libertad. Coordenadas (al centro de la Acrópolis): N 13º 48’ 3.7” latitud, W 89º 23’ 21.7” longitud UTM 24168mE/1527010mN 16P (WGS84) El lugar donde usted se encuentra es uno de los principales sitios arqueológicos del país y tiene evidencia de actividad humana que se remonta a casi 3,000 años (al menos que se indica lo contrario, las fechas que se dan a continuación son . . . — Map (db m92654) HM
El Salvador, La Libertad, Ciudad Arce — San Andrés was an extensive prehispanic settlementSan Andrés fue un extenso asentamiento prehispánico
De acuerdo a las investigaciones, durante esa época San Andrés estaba formado por un centro monumental y una extensa zona residencial alrededor. El primero estaba constituido por dos sectores: La Gran Acrópolis y un espacio amplio llamado la “Gran Plaza”. El área residencial de San Andrés ha sido poco explorada, pero se considera que el sistema constructivo de las viviendas era muy similar al empleado en Joya de Cerén: paredes de bahareque sobre una base de plataforma. Pie de . . . — Map (db m92673) HM
El Salvador, La Libertad, Ciudad Arce — Structure 7 at San Andrés Archaeological Site
Un importante ofrenda fue encontrada en esta edificación Este edificio es único, construido con un núcleo de tlalpetate y adobe y revestido con piedra volcánica cortada, la escalinata corresponde a la fachada de la estructura, donde se encontró una ofrenda compuesta por un pedernal excéntrico, siete conchas marinas, una espina de mantarraya y una cuenta de jadeíta. La ofrenda tiene una importante característica maya: el pedernal excéntrico es de estricto uso en las ofrendas de la elite de . . . — Map (db m92659) HM
El Salvador, La Libertad — Puerto de La LibertadLa Libertad Port of El Salvador
El Histórico Nacimiento del Puerto del Istmo... Siendo precisos en el cuándo, dónde y cómo?...el 24 de febrero del año 1824 y por decreto del Congreso Federal de las Repúblicas de Centroamérica, la Hacienda Tepehaua es testigo de la transformación de sus tierras cuando habilita el “Puerto La Libertad” ubicado por privilegio de la Madre naturaleza, entre las puntas Roca Partida y Chilamat de dicha localidad. La vida transcurre en este recinto, y fue hasta el 10 de Febrero de . . . — Map (db m89610) HM
El Salvador, La Libertad, Santa Tecla — Kiosk of Daniel Hernandez Plaza
En la celebracion del Centesimo Quincuagesimo Aniversario de fundacion de la ciudad reconstruyo y embellecio El kioskco de la Plaza de Daniel Hernandez Como un aporte al patrimonio de los tecleños Dado en la ciudad de Santa Tecla a los 23 dias del mes de diciembre de 2004 English translation: In the celebration of the 150th Anniversary Since the founding of the city Reconstructed and beautified The kiosk of Daniel Hernandez Plaza Supporting the heritage of the . . . — Map (db m83591) HM
France, Champagne-Ardenne (Marne Département), Reims — 5 — Place Royale
Pour faciliter la traversée de Reims mais aussi pour célébrer le roi, édiles et urbanistes du XVIIIe siècle établirent dans le quartier médiéval du Grand Credo, au cœur de la ville gallo-romaine, une vaste place ornée d'une statue de Louis XV. Entreprise en 1757 sous la direction de Legendre, la Place Royale ne sera achevée qu'en 1912. La statue, oeuvre de Jean-Baptist Pigalle, fut inaugurée en 1765 : vêtu en empereur romain, Louis XV étend un bras pacifique au-dessus des allégories de la . . . — Map (db m86044) HM
France, Île-de-France (Paris), Paraza — Square du Vert-GalantHistoire de Paris
Square du Vert-Galant Jusqu’à la construction du Pont-Neuf, l’île de la Cité se terminait par le Jardin du Roi, où fut édifiée la place Dauphine. La pointe actuelle de l’île est constituée de la réunion de trois îlots à la Cité, assise centrale du nouveau pont. L’îlot du nord, nommé île du Patriarche, se prolongeait à l’est par un minuscule îlot portant un moulin, dit de la Gourdaine puis de la Monnaie, car son énergie hydraulique était utilisée pour battre le monnayage royal. Celui du sud, le . . . — Map (db m61580) HM
France, Île-de-France (Paris), Paris — L’égoùt de Paris[The Paris Sewers]
Sous le Règne de S.M. Napoleon III Empereur des Français L’égoùt de la rue de Rivoli, de l’Hotel de Ville au Quai de la Conférence, Commencé en 1851 par M. J.J, Berger, Préfet de la Seine, a été terminé en 1854 par M. G.E. Haussmann, son successeur, la dépense montant a 750,000 F. a été supportée par la Ville de Paris Ingenieurs M.M. Dupuit, Homberg, Baudart, Rousselle, Vaudrey. Longueur 3200,00 Punte moyenne 0,001 Hauteur maximim 3m, 10 Largeur 2m.40

(Translated by Google . . . — Map (db m60922) HM

Germany, Baden-Württemberg (Tübingen District), Bebenhausen — Abtshaus / Abbot's House
1339 unter Abt Konrad von Lustnau als Wohnung des Abtes errichtet, um 1510 erweitert und mit Fachwerkobergeschoß versehen. Holzbrücke als Verbindungsgang zum Dormitorium (um 1860 abgerissen). Ab 1807-11 Umbau als Jagdschloß für König Friedrich I. von Württemberg nach Plänen des Landbaumeisters Johann Adam Groß III. Die vorgelagerte Grünfläche als „Blumen-Gärtlein” mit geschlängelten Wegen und kleinen Rasenflächen mit Beeten, Sträuchern und Bäumen als bescheidener . . . — Map (db m77481) HM
Germany, Baden-Württemberg (Tübingen District), Bebenhausen — Abtsküche / Abbot's Kitchen
Anstelle der abgetragenen Krankenkapelle 1507 errichteter ebenerdiger Bau. 1885 durch Aufstockung dem Neuen Bau angepaßt und als Appartement für König Karl eingerichtet, später bis 1946 Wohnung von Königin Charlotte. 1915/17 Erdgeschoß durch Eugen Wörner zum Grünen Saal umgebaut. ———————— Instead of the ablated hospital chapel, erected in 1507 at ground level construction. 1885 adapted to the New Construction above and set up as an . . . — Map (db m77515) HM
Germany, Baden-Württemberg (Tübingen District), Bebenhausen — Heuhaus / Hay Barn
Erbaut 1774 als Scheune und Stallung der Prälatur, später königlicher Marstall. ———————— Built in 1774 as a barn and stables of the Prelature, later royal stables. — Map (db m77514) HM
Germany, Baden-Württemberg (Tübingen District), Bebenhausen — Klosterküche / Monastery Kitchen
Mehrfach veränderter, bis ins 13. Jahrhundert zurückreichender Bau. Von der großen Herdstelle nur noch der mächtige Rauchfang erhalten. ———————— Multiple modifications, reaching back to the 13th century building, from the large hearth to the powerful chimney. — Map (db m77538) HM
Germany, Baden-Württemberg (Tübingen District), Bebenhausen — Neuer Bau / New Construction
Gäste- oder Herrenhaus zur Beherbergung hochrangiger Gäste 1532 unter Abt Johann von Fridingen erbaut (Bauinschrift) an der Stelle des alten Krankenhauses (Infirmarie, Erdgeschoß in den Neubau einbezogen). Im Untergeschoß großer Klosterkeller. 1868-70 Einrichtung von Privatgemächern für das württembergische Königspaar Karl und Olga. ———————— Guest or manor house for lodging distinguished guests built in 1532 under Abbot John of Fridingen . . . — Map (db m77513) HM
Germany, Baden-Württemberg (Tübingen District), Bebenhausen — Sommerrefektorium / Summer Refectory
Um 1335 unter Abt Konrad von Lustnau über romanischem Vorgängerbau als zweischiffiger Speisesaal der Mönche mit drei Achteckstützen und Sterngewölbe erbaut. 1410 Dachreiter auf dem Südgiebel als Glockentürmchen. Raumfassung mit Glasfenstern, Gewölbemalereien, Vertäfelung und Fliesenboden im 19. Jahrhundert in Anlehnung an vorhandene Reste erneuert. ———————— Built around 1335 under Abbot Conrad of Lustnau on a two-aisled Romanesque . . . — Map (db m77517) HM
Germany, Baden-Württemberg (Tuttlingen District), Frittlingen — World War I Memorial
Den tapferen Helden vom Weltkrieg 1914 - 1918 gewidmet von der dankbaren Gemeinde 1921. Bernhard Anger 38 J.a. verh. • Paul Anger 23 J.a. • Stephan Baier 21 J.a. • Johannes Bantle 27 J.a. • Otto Bantle 21 J.a. • Anton Braun, Lehrer 26 J.a. • Hermann Braun 38 J.a. verh. • Pius Braun 21 J.a. • Karl Effinegr 21 J.a. • Aloys Faulhaber 25 J.a. • George Faulhaber 21 J.a. • Josef Faulhaber 21 J.a. • Josef Faulhaber, Schreiner, 23 J.a. • Franz Geiger 22 J.a. • Hermann Häring 24 J.a. • . . . — Map (db m82805) WM
Germany, Bavaria, Munich — Franz Marc
Der grösste Bayerische maler des 20. jahrhunderts. Der begründer des "Blauen reiters" hat in diesem hause von 1892-1895 gelebt ———————— The greatest Bavarian painter of the 20th century. The founder of the "Blue Rider" lived in this house from 1892-1985 — Map (db m77475) HM
Germany, Bavaria (Ansbach District), Rothenburg ob der Tauber — Rabbi Meir ben Baruch von Rothenburg
Rabbi Meir ben Baruch von Rothenburg einem der bedeutendsten Talmudgelehrten zum gedenken Geboren um 1220 in Worms, lebte und wirkte er von etwa 1250 bis 1286 in der Synagoge und in der Talmudschule, die auf diesem Platze standen, dem ersten Judenviertel Rothenburgs. Er starb 1293 in Ensisheim und wurde 1307 in Worms begraben. Synagoge und Talmudschule wurden 1404 in eine Marienkapelle und in ein Seelhaus ungewandelt. Die Marienkapelle wurde 1805 abgebrochen. . . . — Map (db m80871) HM
Germany, Bavaria (Ansbach District), Rothenburg ob der Tauber — Schrannenscheune / Grain Storage Barn
Bauzeit: 1586 - 1588 Sanierung 1988/91 ———————— Constructed 1586 - 1588 Restored 1988 - 1991 — Map (db m77701) HM
Germany, Berlin — Pariser Platz
[English text] Pariser Plaz (Paris Square) is one of Berlin’s most distinctive squares and occupies a unique place within the groundplan of the city. Its planning is attributed to Philipp Gerlach (1697-1738), the architect commissioned by Frederick William I to extend the city’s development westward, which had begun in 1688. In 1732, at the request of the “Soldier King”, Gerlach extended Friedrichstrasse to intersect with Lindenstrasse, where he laid out a circus (now . . . — Map (db m56361) HM
Germany, Berlin — The Legend of Hitler’s BunkerMythos und Geschichtszeugnis »Führerbunker«
[English text:] The Legend of Hitler’s Bunker Some of the greatest legends of our time are intertwined with the so-called Fuehrer’s Bunker. At the same time, this bunker was just one of many in the government quarter around Wilhelmstraße and did not even have the capacity of a typical public air raid shelter. In hindsight its size has quite often been mis- or overrepresented. Chronology 1935 – 1942 During the rebuilding of a diplomats reception hall in the Old . . . — Map (db m83473) HM
Germany, Saxony-Anhalt (Mansfeld-Südharz District), Allstedt — Castle & Chateau AllstedtBurg & Schloss Allstedt
The impressive facility was built primarily in the period from the 15th-18th centuries. It was built instead of the former imperial palace Allstedt that nearly all early German rulers used as a temporary residence and governmental center from 935-1200. The significant main castle was extensively renovated in 1975 and expanded as a museum. In addition to exhibitions on the work of Thomas Müntzer and Johann Wolfgang von Goethe in Allstedt, there is cast Harz iron art and historically designed . . . — Map (db m73041) HM
Germany, Saxony-Anhalt (Mansfeld-Südharz District), Allstedt — Castle Fountains / Burgbrunnen
In the literature on Allstedt, so far the only mention of a well located in the main castle comes from a speech at the end of the 18th century by Duke Carl August. In 1980/81 this well was discovered in the northwest portion of the patio and then exposed. An inspection by cavers found that the well shaft is unlikely to have ever had a continuous inflow of water. A fountain is already attested in 1504/05. But as incoming water was bad [intermittent?], by the early 16th century a . . . — Map (db m73078) HM
Germany, Saxony-Anhalt (Mansfeld-Südharz District), Allstedt — North Wing / Ground FloorNordflügel / Erdgeschoß
The outer walls of the trench and the courtyard are probably from the 15th century, likewise is the pointed arch doorway. The oldest part is a tower-like building in the northeast corner. It is completely covered today and the only visible remnants are in the basement and ground floor (13th-14th centuries). The medieval structural fabric remains to the height of the upper floor. Cellar fixtures date from the mid-16th century, as the stonemasons' marks at the door of the cellar . . . — Map (db m73057) HM
Germany, Saxony-Anhalt (Mansfeld-Südharz District), Lutherstadt Eisleben — Altes Gymnasium
1563-1564 erbaut als „Fürnehme Lateinschule” auf Grund des „Luthervertrags” (1546), neu errichtet 1604 (nach Zerstörung bei Stadtbrand 1601). Hier wirkte der geistliche Liederdichter Martin Rinckart 1610/11. 1883 Umzug des Königlich-Preußischen Gymnasiums in das neue Schulgebäude am Schloßplatz. —————————— Built 1563-1564 as "Fürnehme Latin School" due to the "Luther Contract" (1546), rebuilt in 1604 (after . . . — Map (db m70314) HM
Germany, Saxony-Anhalt (Mansfeld-Südharz District), Lutherstadt Eisleben — City Seat of the Counts of Mansfeld-HinterortStadtsitz der Grafen von Mansfeld-Hinterort
Built in 1500 by Count Albrecht IV, 1570-1616 seat of the Superintendent Office and the Office of the Upper Eisleben, in 1609 abandoned as City Palace, from 1671 to 1992 the seat of important administrative institutions of the Mansfeld mining and smelting industry (Markt 56-58) —————————— 1500 unter Graf Albrecht IV. erbaut, 1570-1616 Sitz des Oberaufseheramtes und des Oberamtes Eisleben, 1609 als Stadtschloß aufgegeben, 1671 . . . — Map (db m70242) HM
Germany, Saxony-Anhalt (Mansfeld-Südharz District), Lutherstadt Eisleben — Martin Luther
[East Panel - An angel crushes Satan with the Shield of Truth - note the Luther Rose] [South Panel - Luther translates the Bible] [West Panel - Luther and his family sign hymns] [North Panel - The Leipzig Disputation between Luther and Johann Eck] [Dedicated 11 November 1883] — Map (db m70215) HM
Germany, Saxony-Anhalt (Mansfeld-Südharz District), Lutherstadt Eisleben — Residence of Richard WagnerAufenthalt von Richard Wagner
In this home, Richard Wagner stayed with his step-uncle, Master Goldsmith Carl Geyer, from 19 September 1822 for some time. —————————— In diesem Hause hielt sich Richard Wagner ab 19. September 1822 bei seinem Stiefonkel Goldschmiedemeister Carl Geyer eine Zeitlang auf. — Map (db m70213) HM
Germany, Saxony-Anhalt (Mansfeld-Südharz District), Lutherstadt Eisleben — Residence of Richard WagnerAufenthalt von Richard Wagner
In this house there was the goldsmith's workshop by Carl Geyer, the step-uncle of Richard Wagner, in which the great German composer stayed from early October 1821 until September 1822. —————————— In diesem Haus befand sich die Goldschmiedewerkstatt von Carl Geyer, dem Stiefonkel Richard Wagners, bei dem sich der groß deutsche Komponist von Anfang Oktober 1821 bis September 1822 aufhielt. — Map (db m70240) HM
Germany, Saxony-Anhalt (Mansfeld-Südharz District), Mansfeld-Lutherstadt — Luther Fountain / Lutherbrunnen
Ihrem großen Sohne der Stadt Mansfeld von Mansfeld aus begann der Weg des Reformators Dr. Martin Luther. 1913 vom dem Bildhauer Paul Juckoff aus Schkopau in Kalkstein und Bronze geschaffener Brunnenstock, Brunnen mit Denkmal. Dreiseitige Stele mit Darstellung der 3 entscheidenden Phassen seines Lebens. „Hinaus in die Welt" Abschied des 13 jährigen Luther aus Mansfeld, darüber Portät seiner Eltern. „Hinein in den Kampf" der Thesenanschlag an der Schlosskirche zu Wittenberg. . . . — Map (db m70372) HM
Germany, Saxony-Anhalt (Mansfeld-Südharz District), Mansfeld-Lutherstadt — Luthers Schule / Luther's School
Von 1488 - 96 besuchte Martin Luther diese Schule, wo er neben dem Schreiben, dem Singen und etwas Rechnen von allem Latein lernte. Die damals herrschenden Erziehungsmethoden haben sich dem Jungen unauslöslich eingeprägt. Diese Erlebnisse wurden ein Ausgangspunkt sowohl für eine moderative Erziehung der eigenen Kinder als auch für seine späteren Reformbemühungen im Schulwesen. —————————————— From . . . — Map (db m70368) HM
Germany, Saxony-Anhalt (Mansfeld-Südharz District), Mansfeld-Lutherstadt — Luthers Schule / Luther's School
In diesem hause hat Dr. Martin Luther geboren am 10. November 1483 seiner ersten schulunterricht erhalten. Gew. von Konsul Georg Kaiser Berlin —————————— This house is where Dr. Martin Luther born on November 10, 1483 received his first schooling Weight[?] of consul Georg Kaiser Berlin — Map (db m70371) HM
Germany, Saxony-Anhalt (Mansfeld-Südharz District), Mansfeld-Lutherstadt — Mansfeld Brunnen / Well
Dieser brunnen wurde bei Straßenbauarbeiten der Stadtkernsanierung im Jahr 2003 freigelegt und saniert. Er wurde im frühen 17. Jahrhundert angelegt. Die oberen 7m sind aus Sandsteinblocken gemauert. Darunter wurde der Brunnen in anstehenden Buntsandstein gehauen. Gesamttiefe: 23 m Wassertiefe: 15 m —————————— This well was uncovered during road construction work in the town center redevelopment in 2003 and renovated. It . . . — Map (db m70377) HM
Germany, Saxony-Anhalt (Mansfeld-Südharz District), Mansfeld-Lutherstadt — Mansfeld um / in 1560
nach einer Handskizze von Cyriakus Spangenberg [Stadtplan und Schlüssel] Material und Putzarbeiten gesonsert von Firma KNORR Bau GmbH Entwurf und Ausführung Günter Bormann und Siegfried Bösel —————————— after a hand sketch by Cyriacus Spangenberg [map and key] Material and plaster work provided by KNORR Bau GmbH Design and execution by Günter Bormann and Siegfried Bösel — Map (db m70367) HM
Germany, Saxony-Anhalt (Mansfeld-Südharz District), Mansfeld-Lutherstadt — Mittelalterliches StraßenpflasterMedieval Pavement
ausg. 17. Jahrhundert Fundort Mansfeld im Bereich Teichstraße Postplatz Rabentorstraße in einer Tiefe von ca. zwei Meter Sichergestellt bei der Stadtkernsanierung 2002/03 English translation: From the 17th Century. Found in Mansfeld in the area of Teich Street,the Post Square, Ravensgate Street, at a depth of approximately 2 meters. Preserved during the reconstruction of the city center 2002-03 — Map (db m70362) HM
Germany, Saxony-Anhalt (Mansfeld-Südharz District), Mansfeld-Lutherstadt — Scherren(original nach / by C. Spangenberg)
Im Volksmund später auch Murre genannt. Als Scherren bezeichnete man im Mittelalter Verkaufsstände an denen frische Lebensmittel gehandelt wurden. Dies waren vorwiegend Fleisch und Brot. Daher werden sie in der Chronik auch als Fleisch und Brotbänke bezeichnet. —————————— In the vernacular, later also called Murre. As one called Scherren in the Middle Ages Stalls, selling fresh food being traded. These were mainly . . . — Map (db m70363) HM
Germany, Saxony-Anhalt (Mansfeld-Südharz District), Mansfeld-Lutherstadt — St. George's, Martin Luther's Home ChurchSt. Georgs, die Heimatskirche Martin Luthers
Die Kirche St. Georg ist die Heimatskirche Martin Luthers und eine zentrale Erinnerungssätte für die städtische und territorial Reformationsgeschichte des Mansfelder Landes Die Anfänge der Kirche gehen in das 12./13. Jahrhundert zurück. Sie ist eine einschiffige spätgotische Hallenkirche, im Ursprung kreuzförmig angelegt. Die Turmbasis stammt aus romanischer Zeit. Die heutige Gestalt der Kirche geht Auf die Jahre 1497-1518 zurück. - eine exponierte Rolle in lokalgeschichtlicher . . . — Map (db m70342) HM
Germany, Saxony-Anhalt (Mansfeld-Südharz District), Mansfeld-Lutherstadt — War Memorial
Zur Erinnerung an die bedeutungsvollen Siegesjahre 1864 1866 1870-71 —————————— To commemorate the significant war years 1864 1866 1870-71 — Map (db m70340) WM
Germany, Saxony-Anhalt (Wittenberg District), Lutherstadt Wittenberg — 1556 Wittenberg Water System
1556 Wir danken den hier senannten grundern des alten jungfern-rohr wassers fur ihr noch heute bestehendes uneigennutziges werk Hieronymus Krapp • Christoph Kellner • Christoph Schramm • Lucas Cranach • Kaspar Pfreundt • Konrad Ruehel • Hans Lufft —————————— 1556 We thank the mentioned founders for their selfless efforts in developing the old maiden-tube water system existing today Hieronymus Krapp • Christoph Kellner • . . . — Map (db m69736) HM
Germany, Saxony-Anhalt (Wittenberg District), Lutherstadt Wittenberg — Christian Döring(unbek. - 1533)
Goldschmied, Verleger, Stadtkämmerer verlegte 1522 das Neue Testament —————————— Goldsmith, Publisher, City Treasurer in 1522 published the New Testament — Map (db m69783) HM
Germany, Saxony-Anhalt (Wittenberg District), Lutherstadt Wittenberg — Lucas Cranach der Ältere (1472-1553)
Zur Erinnerung an die Ankunft des Malers 1505 in Wittenberg Frijo Müller-Belecke, Hemmoor Bildhauerlehrling 1948 im Cranach-Hof Wittenberg Bronze, 2005 —————————— To commemorate the arrival of the painter in 1505 in Wittenberg Frijo Müller-Belecke, Hemmoor Sculptor Apprentice 1948 Cranach-Hof Wittenberg Bronze, 2005 — Map (db m69737) HM
Germany, Saxony-Anhalt (Wittenberg District), Lutherstadt Wittenberg — Mains Water Well on the Market SquareRöhrwasserbrunnen auf dem "Marktplatz"
The members of the union "New Jungfernröhrwasser", including Caspar Pfreundt und Christoff Niemeck, commissioned the construction of this water main in 1559. At the start there were 19 members. The water was taken from the spring area to the individual courtyards along a 2.7 km pipe, which used the natural downwards gradient of the terrain. The pipes were made of hollowed tree trunks, connected to each other using iron joints. Wells were constructed in different forms and using different . . . — Map (db m69874) HM
Germany, Saxony-Anhalt (Wittenberg District), Lutherstadt Wittenberg — Martin Luther House
Hier lebte und wirkte Dr. Martin Luther von 1508 bis 1546. —————————— Here lived and worked Dr. Martin Luther from 1508 to 1546. — Map (db m70061) HM
Germany, Saxony-Anhalt (Wittenberg District), Lutherstadt Wittenberg — Röhrwasserbrunnen in the/im "Lutherhof"
The members of the union "Old Jungfernröhrwasser", including Lucas Cranach the Younger and Hans Lufft, commissioned the construction of these water mains in 1556. There were 20 members at the start. The water was taken from the spring area to the individual courtyards along a 2.7 km pipe, which used the natural downwards gradient of the terrain. The pipes were made of hollowed tree trunks, connected to each other using iron joints. Wells were constructed in different forms and using . . . — Map (db m70033) HM
Germany, Saxony-Anhalt (Wittenberg District), Lutherstadt Wittenberg — The Augusteum / Das Augusteum
The Augusteum was built between 1564 and 1586 under the auspices of August I., Elector of Saxony. This building fulfilled various purposes for the Leucorea, Wittenberg's University. It was used as the medical faculty's institute for anatomy, as university library and for student accommodation, as well as an assembly hall. The Protestant Seminary, established in 1817, has always been located in this building and still today serves the practical education of pastors for their work in the . . . — Map (db m69999) HM
Germany, Saxony-Anhalt (Wittenberg District), Lutherstadt Wittenberg — The Castle Gate, also called Coswig GateDas Schlosstor, auch Coswiger Tor genannt
When Martin Luther came to Wittenberg in 1508 he saw three mighty gates around the heavily fortified town. At this place was the Castle Gate in 1508. In front of this gate was the Castle suburb. In 1805, Alexander I., Emperor of Russia, was in Wittenberg. He was welcomed here by the chamber knight and chief forester von Erdmannsdorf as well as by the Prince of Dessau-Anhalt (Father Franz). Delegations of the Council of Wittenberg and of the university were also welcomed by the Emperor. In . . . — Map (db m69888) HM
Germany, Saxony-Anhalt (Wittenberg District), Lutherstadt Wittenberg — The Elbe Gate / Das Elbtor
When Martin Luther came to Wittenberg in 1508 he saw three mighty gates around the heavily fortified town. At this place in 1508 was the Elbe Gate. In front of this gate was the Elbe suburb. In 1829 the Princess Auguste of Saxony-Weimar came through this gate into the town. She was a guest of the commander of the fortress and on her way to her marriage with Prince Wilhelm of Prussia. In 1873 the destruction of the gate started. . . . — Map (db m70145) HM
Germany, Saxony-Anhalt (Wittenberg District), Lutherstadt Wittenberg — The Elster Gate / Das Elstertor
When Martin Luther came to Wittenberg in 1508 he saw three mighty gates around the heavily fortified town. At this place in 1508 was the Elster Gate. In front of this gate was the Elster suburb. On February 22, 1546, the body of Martin Luther was met by his wife Katharina and his children, the professors of the university, the council of the town and the citizens of Wittenberg. From here in a festive procession to his funeral at the Castle Church was accompanied by the ringing of bells. . . . — Map (db m70143) HM
Germany, Saxony-Anhalt (Wittenberg District), Lutherstadt Wittenberg — The Leucorea University / Die Universität Leucorea
In 1502 Elector Frederick the Wise founded the old Wittenberg University under the name "Leucorea" as the first sovereign university. The Pope acknowledged it in 1507. Martin Pollich von Mellerstedt, the Elector's personal physician, was the university's first rector. The Leucorea University attained European significance during the Reformation Movement. Martin Luther lectured here as a professor for biblical exegesis from 1512 onwards; Philipp Melanchthon was appointed in 1518. An . . . — Map (db m69969) HM
Germany, Saxony-Anhalt (Wittenberg District), Lutherstadt Wittenberg — The Luther House / Das Lutherhaus
The Luther House was originally a monastery built for Augustinian Hermits between 1504 and 1507. Martin Luther entered the monastery as a monk in 1508. The monastery was dispersed in 1522 during the course of the Reformation Movement. The Renaissance building was given to Luther in 1532 by the Elector John the Steadfast. Here Martin Luther, his wife Katharina von Bora and there [sic] children have lived for many years. They gave the students board and lodging. Until 1816 the building . . . — Map (db m70054) HM
Germany, Saxony-Anhalt (Wittenberg District), Lutherstadt Wittenberg — The Melanchthon House / Das Melanchthonhaus
This building was erected in 1536 for Philipp Schwarzerdt, one of the most significant German humanists and reformers, better known as Philipp Melanchthon. Melanchthon's family owned the house until 1604. The three-storeyed gabled house has round arched niches as seats on both sides of the entrance; these can also be seen at the door to the Luther House In 1967 a memorial of Philipp Melanchthon was opened in this house. To Melanchthon's 500th birthday in 1997, the house was restored . . . — Map (db m69974) HM
Germany, Saxony-Anhalt (Wittenberg District), Lutherstadt Wittenberg — Wilhelm Eduard Weber(1804 - 1891)
Erfinder des electromagnet. Telegraphen Geburtshaus —————————— Inventor of the electro-magnetic telegraph Birthplace — Map (db m69820) HM
Germany, Saxony-Anhalt (Wittenberg District), Lutherstadt Wittenberg — 4 — Wilhelm-Weber-Haus
Education on the Campus The alterations to the Wilhelm Weber House as part of International Building Exhibition Urban Redevelopment 2010 are creating a place for dialogue between academia, business, politics and the public. The building dates back to the 16th century. In 1556, the town council installed a system of water pipes, to which the property was connected. The archway forming the entrance was also built at this time, although the doors were added in the 18th century. Since . . . — Map (db m69829) HM
Germany, Saxony-Anhalt (Wittenberg District), Lutherstadt Wittenberg — Wittenberg's Water-Piping SystemWittenberger Röhrwasser
Wittenberg's Water-Piping System a technical monument from the 16th century 1n 1556 a group of distinguished local residents (Hieronymus Krapp, Christoff Kelner, Hans Lufft, Lucas Cranach, Caspar Pfreundt, Conradt Rühel and Christoff Schramm) formed a "Piping Union" in order to have water mains constructed. This water supply system later became known as the "Old Maiden Water Piping System" (Altes Jungfernröhrwasser). The water was piped in hollowed tree trunks connected with iron . . . — Map (db m69913) HM
Germany, Thuringia, Erfurt — Johann Christian Kittel(1732 - 1809)
Hier stand das Geburtshaus von Johann Christian Kittel (1732 - 1809) Komponist und Schüler J. S. Bachs ———————— Here was the birthplace of Johann Christian Kittel (1732 - 1809) Composer and student of J. S. Bach — Map (db m77389) HM
Germany, Thuringia, Erfurt — Johann Matthäus Meyfart and/und Caspar Friedrich Lossius
Here lived the evangelical clergymen and teachers Johann Matthäus Meyfart (1590 - 1642) Caspar Friedrich Lossius (1753 - 1817) ———————— Hier wohnte die ev. Geistlichen und Pädagogen Johann Matthäus Meyfart (1590 - 1642) Caspar Friedrich Lossius (1753 - 1817) — Map (db m77099) HM
Germany, Thuringia, Erfurt — Johanneskirchturm / Johannes Church Tower
1217 Kirche urkundl. erwähnt 1469-1486 gotischer Neubau 1819 Kirchenschiff abgebrochen Dient der Augustinerkirche als Glockenturm ———————— 1217 Church mentioned in documents 1469-1486 Gothic building 1819 Nave disassembled Serves as the Augustinian church bell tower — Map (db m76956) HM
Germany, Thuringia, Erfurt — Krämerbrücke / Merchant's Bridge
Älteste urkundliche erwähnung als holzbrücke im Jahre 1117, durch Brand mehrere Male zerstört. In Stein erbaut im Jahre 1325. Die Brücke lag auf der Wegstrecke der ost-west-handelsstrasse Kiew-Breslau-Erfurt-Frankfurt/Main. ———————— Oldest written mention of wooden bridge in 1117, destroyed by fire several times. Built in stone in 1325. The bridge was on the path of the east-west trade road Kiev-Wroclaw-Erfurt-Frankfurt/Main. — Map (db m77017) HM
Germany, Thuringia, Erfurt — Laasphe-Kapelle / Laasphe Chapel(Dreifaltigkeitskapelle) / (Trinity Chapel)
Erbaut zwischen der Michaeliskirche und dem wohnhaus von Dr. Johannes Bonemilch (1430-1510) aus Laasphe Dr. Johannes Bonemilch studierte und lehrte an der Universität Erfurt deren rektorat er dreimal inne hatte Als weihbischof ist sein name verbunden mit der weihe Martin Luthers 1507 zum priester Am 17.10.1510 starb Johannes Bonemilch und wurde im Erfurter dom beigesetzt ———————— Built between the Michaelis . . . — Map (db m76984) HM
Germany, Thuringia, Erfurt — Lehmannsbrücke / Lehmanns Bridge
ehemalige Lehmannsbrücke Älteste Erfurter Brücke, erstmalig im Jahre 1108 erwähnt, 1342 als steinerne Brücke mit 4 Bögen errichtet, 1977 durch einen Neubau ersetzt. ———————— Former Lehmanns Bridge Erfurt's oldest bridge, first built in 1108 Mentioned in 1342 as a stone bridge with four arches Replaced by new build in 1977 — Map (db m77808) HM
Germany, Thuringia, Erfurt — Martin Luther
Eintritt in das Augustiner-Eremiten-Kloster zu Erfurt 17. Juli 1505 Der wahre Schatz der Kirche ist das allerheiligste Evangelium von der Herrlichkeit und Gnad Gottes. (62. der 95 Thesen zum Ablaß) 17. Juli 2005 ———————— Admission to the Augustinian Hermits monastery in Erfurt July 17, 1505 The true treasure of the church is the most holy gospel of the glory and grace of God. (62 of 95 theses on indulgences) [Dedicated] . . . — Map (db m77834) HM
Germany, Thuringia, Erfurt — Michaeliskirche / Michaelis Church — Old University / Alte Universität Erfurt 1392-1816
1183-1200 als Pfarrkirche errichtet Ende 13.Jh. und Anfang 15.Jh. gotischer Bau Ehem. Universitätskirche 1522 Predigt Martin Luthers; hier wurde der Reformator Johannes Lang beigesetzt ————— 12./13./15.Jh. Ehemalige Universitätskirche ———————— 1183-1200 Built as a parish church End of 13th century and early 15th century Gothic building Former University Church 1522 sermon Martin . . . — Map (db m76981) HM
Germany, Thuringia, Erfurt — Paulskirchturm / Paul's Church Tower
Church founded before 1187 Church built 1465-1468 Tower restored 1737 Destruction of the nave in the first half of the 18th century through fire and demolition ———————— Gründung der Kirche vor 1187 1465-1468 Kirche erbaut 1737 Turm erneuert Zerstörung des Kirchenschiffes in der. 1. Hälfte des 18. Jh. durch Brand und Abbruch — Map (db m77100) HM
Germany, Thuringia, Erfurt — Predigerkirche / Preachers' Church
Constructed about 1270 Gothic building completed in 1488 Former abbey of the Dominican Order with major parts dating to the Middle Ages Work Supervisor Eckhart (*1260 †1328) Evangelical since 1525 ———————— Um 1270 Baubeginn 1488 gotischer Bau vollendet Ehem. Klosterkirche des Dominikanerordens mit bedeutenden Ausstattungsstücken des Mittelalters Wirkungsstätte Meister Eckharts (* um 1260 †1328) seit 1525 . . . — Map (db m77106) HM
Germany, Thuringia (Wartburgkreis), Eisenach — Knight's Bath • Ritterbad • Le bain des chevaliers

Knight's Bath The main castle building and other surviving structures were restored between 1838 and 1891. Parts of the castle that had been lost, for example the keep and the heated hall building, were reconstructed in their historical form. The final undertaking was the neo-Romanesque Knight's Bath designed by Wartburg architect Hugo von Ritgen (1811-1889).

After the eastern custom of bathing was introduced to western and central Europe by the Crusaders, a bath became a . . . — Map (db m83921) HM

Germany, Thuringia (Wartburgkreis), Eisenach — Südturm • South Tower • La Tour Sud

South Tower Substantial fortications must have always been in place on Wartburg Castle’s vulnerable south side, so it is reasonable to assume that the early 14th century tower replaced an even earlier structure. This three-storey tower, which is approx.. 20 metres tall, was once used as a dungeon.

Fritz Erbe, the Anabaptist – prisoner from 1540 to 1548 Fritz Erbe, a farmer in the village of Herda near Eisenach, was arrested in 1533. He had refused to have his newborn . . . — Map (db m83981) HM

Germany, Thuringia (Weimarer Land Kreis (District)), Buchenwald Memorial — "Blood Road" / „Blutstraße”
Access to Buchenwald Concentration Camp was initially gained by way of a narrow forest road which had served traffic over Ettersberg Mountain for centuries. Its reconstruction as an eight-metre-wide concrete road began in the summer of 1938. The road construction firm Zindt in Gotha was in charge of the project planning and realization. As many as two hundred inmates worked under the company's supervision at a time. Hundreds of inmates - chiefly Jews - hauled stones for the subbase from . . . — Map (db m76930) HM
Germany, Thuringia (Weimarer Land Kreis (District)), Buchenwald Memorial — Barrack / Barackebuilt after 1945 / nach 1945
This barrack has been mistaken for the seat of the "Political Department" for a long time. "Political Department" was the name of the Gestapo branch office (secret state police) located in a wooden barrack behind this building and destroyed during the air-raid in August 1944. ———————— Lange fãlschlich für den Sitz der „Politischen Abteilung” gehalten. Die Zweigstelle der Geheimen Staatspolizei (Gestapo), Politische Abteilung . . . — Map (db m76521) HM
Germany, Thuringia (Weimarer Land Kreis (District)), Buchenwald Memorial — Camp Fence and the Watchtowers 3, 4 and 5, April 1945Lagerzaun und Wachtürme 3, 4 und 5, April 1945
[Title is text] ———————— [French and Russian text not transcribed] — Map (db m76920) HM
Germany, Thuringia (Weimarer Land Kreis (District)), Buchenwald Memorial — Camp Headquarters / Lagerkommandanturbuilt in 1937 / erbaut 1937 — Fragment of the central part / Fragment des Mittelteils
Camp Headquarters was the office of the camp commandants Karl Koch (1937-1941) and Hermann Pister (1942-1945) and of the commandant's staff. The wooden barrack of the adjutant's office originally formed the western wing of the building. The extensions were built at the beginning of the 1950s. ———————— Sitz der Lagerkommandanten Karl Koch (1937-1941) und Hermann Pister (1942-1945) und des Kommandanturstabes. Den westlichen Flügel bildete . . . — Map (db m76529) HM
Germany, Thuringia (Weimarer Land Kreis (District)), Buchenwald Memorial — Camp Road / Lagerstraße
Camp road between blocks (stone barracks), SS photograph, 1943 ————————— Lagerstraße zwischen Steinblocks, SS-Foto 1943 ————————— [French and Russian text not transcribed] — Map (db m76729) HM
Germany, Thuringia (Weimarer Land Kreis (District)), Buchenwald Memorial — Crematorium / Krematoriumbuilt 1940-1942 / erbaut 1940-1942
In view of the growing numbers of dead, the SS had a crematorium built in 1940 and extended in 1942. The company Topf & Söhne from Erfurt, developed and delivered the crematorium ovens. About 1,110 people were strangled in the Corpse Cellar. ———————— Angesichts wachsender Totenzahlen ließ die SS 1940 ein Krematorium errichten und 1942 ausbauen. Die Erfurter Firma Topf & Söhne entwickelte und lieferte die Verbrennungsöfen. Im Leichenkeller . . . — Map (db m76539) HM WM
Germany, Thuringia (Weimarer Land Kreis (District)), Buchenwald Memorial — Depot / Kammergebäudebuilt in 1939/40 • erbaut 1939/40
This depot as used by the SS to store the civilian clothing and personal possessions of the inmates, as well as the uniforms, shoes and metal eating utensils used in the camp. The inmates were sent by the tens of thousands from the railway station through the camp gate to the disinfection building and the depot. Most of them then landed in the "Little Camp", to be sent on from there to one of the arms production commandos. There were thousands of adolescents and children among them. One of . . . — Map (db m76565) HM
Germany, Thuringia (Weimarer Land Kreis (District)), Buchenwald Memorial — Dog Compound / Hundezwinger
Dog compound of the SS military command headquarters, built in 1938 ———————— Hundezwinger des SS-Kommandanturstabes, erbaut 1938 ———————— [French and Russian text not transcribed] — Map (db m76927) HM
Germany, Thuringia (Weimarer Land Kreis (District)), Buchenwald Memorial — Gate building / Torgebäude
Title is text [French and Russian text not translated] — Map (db m76531) HM
Germany, Thuringia (Weimarer Land Kreis (District)), Buchenwald Memorial — Guard Path of the SS Guard DetailPostenweg der SS-Wachmannschaften
Measuring three kilometres in length, the asphalt-covered guard path was an important element of the concentration camp surveillance system. At night, after the SS had left the camp, guards patrolled between the twenty-two watchtowers located along the path at intervals of about one hundred metres. Every morning before the work gangs marched out through the camp gate, the guard path was expanded to form a "big sentry line" comprising over fifty double sentries and surrounding the camp, the . . . — Map (db m76921) HM
Germany, Thuringia (Weimarer Land Kreis (District)), Buchenwald Memorial — Inmates' Laundry and "Goethe Oak"Häftlingswäscherei und „Goethe-Eiche" — Photograph, June 1944 / Foto Juni 1944
Photo taken secretly by the French inmate Georges Angeli ———————— Insgeheim von dem französischen Häftling Georges Angeli aufgenommen ———————— [French and Russian text not transcribed] — Map (db m76559) HM
Germany, Thuringia (Weimarer Land Kreis (District)), Buchenwald Memorial — Inmates’ living quarters / Häftlingsunterkünfte
photograph, April 1945 / Foto April 1945 [French and Russian text not transcribed] — Map (db m76537) HM WM
Germany, Thuringia (Weimarer Land Kreis (District)), Buchenwald Memorial — National Buchenwald MemorialNationale Mahn- und Gedenkstätte Buchenwald
Die vernichtung des Nazismus mit seinen wurzeln ist unsere losung Der aufbau einer neuen welt des friedens und der freiheit ist unser ziel ———————— The destruction of Nazism and its roots is our slogan The construction of a new world of peace and freedom is our goal — Map (db m76953) HM
Germany, Thuringia (Weimarer Land Kreis (District)), Buchenwald Memorial — Soviet Prisoners of War / Sowjetische Kriegsgefangene
Site of the camp for Soviet prisoners of war, 1941-1945 ———————— Gelände des lagers für sowjetische Kriegsgefangene, 1941-1945 ———————— [French and Russian text not transcribed] — Map (db m76862) HM WM
Germany, Thuringia (Weimarer Land Kreis (District)), Buchenwald Memorial — SS Guard Detachment BarracksKaserne der SS-Wachmannschaften
The barracks of the SS guard detachment, built in 1937/38 Temporary infirmary, April/May 1945 On April 15, 1945, the 120th Evacuation Hospital of the 3rd United States Army arrived in Buchenwald Concentration Camp. Their mission was to give medical assistance to the approximately 20,000 prisoners left here after the liberation of the camp. The presence of piles of dead bodies and the lack of sanitation were just a few of the problems to be addressed as they began to treat the . . . — Map (db m76929) HM
Germany, Thuringia (Weimarer Land Kreis (District)), Buchenwald Memorial — SS Guard Detail Splinter Protection TrenchSplitterschutzgraben der SS-Wachmannschaften
[Title is text] ———————— [French and Russian text not transcribed] — Map (db m76916) HM
Germany, Thuringia (Weimarer Land Kreis (District)), Buchenwald Memorial — Stake and Cart / Pfahl und Karren(reconstruction) / (Rekonstruktion)
Means of punishment and work ———————— Straf- und Arbeitsmittel ———————— [French and Russian text not transcribed] — Map (db m76556) HM
Germany, Thuringia (Weimarer Land Kreis (District)), Buchenwald Memorial — Storage Cellar / Vorratskeller
Storage cellar of the inmates' kitchen, built in 1938/39 ———————— Vorratskeller der Häftlingsküche, erbaut 1938/39 ———————— [French and Russian text not translated] — Map (db m76560) HM
Greece, Attica Periphery, Athens — The Acropolis of Athens — [UNESCO World Heritage Site]
[Marker text printed in both Greek and English scripts:] The Acropolis and its monuments, universal symbols of the classical spirit and culture, form the greatest architectural and artistic whole that Greek Antiquity has bequeathed to the world. The most famous of these buildings were erected during the second half of the 5th century B.C., when Athens, with her victory over the Persians, and the establishment of the truest direct Democracy the world has ever seen, was leader . . . — Map (db m43648) HM
Greece, Thera Municipality (Santorini), Fira — Santorini Cable Car
IΔPYMA ΛOYΛAΣ KAI EYAΓΓEΛOY NOMIKOY TEΛEΦEPIK ΣANTOPINH Σ ΔΩPEA TOY IΔPYTH ΣTIΣ 14 KOINOTHTEΣ TOY NHΣIOY Loulas and Evangelos Nomikos Foundation Santorini’s Cable Car Gift of the founder to the 14 communities of the island — Map (db m43315) HM
Guatemala, Guatemala, Guatemala City — José Maria Reina Barrios
General de Division Jose Maria Reina Barrios Presidente de Guatemala 1892-1898 Nacio: San Marcos el 24 de diciembre de 1854 Murio: En Guatemala el 8 de febrero de 1898 Impulsor y Realizador de Muchas Obras de Engrandecimiento patrio entre ellas el Paseo “La Reforma” English translation: Divisional General Jose Maria Reina Barrios President of Guatemala 1892-1898 Born: San Marcos, December 24, 1854 Died: Guatemala City, February 8, . . . — Map (db m86982) HM
Guatemala, Guatemala, Guatemala City — La Palangana Building Complex
Edificio La Palangana Esta área se divide en dos plazas, una interior y una superior. Al centro de la Plaza interior se observa una estructura de estilo talud-tablero que contenía un entierro. Este edificio se construyó en el año 500 DC con materiales de barro, pómez y piedra molida; tuvo varias estapas constructivas y cuando dejó de ser utilizado también cubrió con un relleno de barro. Leyenda del gráfico: Fases constructivas en "La Palangana" · Primer Edificio Construido · . . . — Map (db m94044) HM
Guatemala, Guatemala, Guatemala City — Monuments in La Palangana
Monumentos en La Palangana Estos con monumentos ó estelas lisas que se usaron a partir del año 800 AC. Son de formación natural y alisados por el hombre. Se colocaban orientadas en una línea aunque estos ejemplos se encontraron adentro de la Palangana, utilizadas como parte de una tumba de época posterior descubierta allí en la década de 1920. La Estela 26 al final de la línea también se encontró allí. En este sector también se encontraron cuatro monumentos tallados que ahora están en el . . . — Map (db m94045) HM
Guatemala, Guatemala, Guatemala City — The Acropolis at Kaminaljuyú
La Acrópolis Aquí se construyeron plataformas sencillas en el Preclásico Tardío (100 AC) que se modificaron en 500 DC, cuando se estableció el centro político y administrativo de Kaminaljuyu en este lugar. Se usaron bloques de piedra pómez y mezcla de barro para construir los edificios que tenían fachadas de talud/tablero, a veces pintados de rojo. Encima de los edificios habían ranchos de postes y palma. Cuando se abandonaban los edificios, se cubrían con barro y se construía otro . . . — Map (db m94080) HM
Guatemala, Guatemala, Guatemala City — The Mirador Canal
Spanish: Reproducción a escala del "Canal Mirador" que corría, en dirección SE, muy cerca de donde usted se encuentra. Llevaba agua del Lago Miraflores hacia comunidades y campos de cultivo aledaños. Este canal contaba con compuertas de madera para controlar la velocidad y el volumen del líquido. Los antiguos mayas desarrollaron un complejo sistema hidráulico que les perimitía llevar agua a largas distancias, almacenarla y redistribuirla. English: Scale Model of "Canal Mirador", . . . — Map (db m93434) HM
Guatemala, Retalhuleu, El Asintal — Guacalitos StationEstación Guacalitos
Monumento 11 Contiene cinco glifos de figura de cabeza completa, en el lateral derecho una anotación correspondiente al número 11, y bajo éste el simbolo de un posible kin. Éstos signos pueden representar el inicio de la evolucón de la escritura maya en Tak'alik Ab'aj. Escultura de Preclásico Medio - fase Nil - 700-400 a.C. Altar 48 Tema mitológico de un cocodrilo con las fauces abiertas y la cola arqueada, el cuerpo lo forma un simbol cautrifoliar y dentro de éste hay un personaje sentado . . . — Map (db m92120) HM
Guatemala, Retalhuleu, El Asintal — Piecitos Station
Altar 46 - "Piecitos" Roca colocada en la fila este de monumentos sobre la superficie de la gran Estructura 7. Tiene un par de huellas de pies genialmente esculpidos en su superficie. Estas huellas estan orientadas 115°NE, exactamente donde aparece el sol en el solsticio de invierno el 21 de diciembre. Esto nos indica que los antiguos mayas estaban observando el trayecto del sol para poder contar los dias del año y con lo cual de desarolla el sistema de cuenta larga. Las masivas ofrendas . . . — Map (db m92168) HM
Guatemala, Retalhuleu, El Asintal — Plaza Tukur Balam
Los mayas como grandes arquitectos y escultores, construyeron en esta plaza cinco estructuras en forma ordenada en los extremos este y oeste, creando así un espacio con función ceremonial en su recorrido, como una singular característica el visitante podrá apreciar los 4 estilos escultóricos presentes en Tak´alik Ab´aj. Pie de dibjuos: Jaguar Frag. de Altar 9 Altar 8 Estela 5 Búho English translation: As skilled architects and sculptors, the Maya constructed five structures in . . . — Map (db m92093) HM
Guatemala, Retalhuleu, El Asintal — Stela 18 StationEstación Stela 18
Estela 18 Esta fué tallada en roca metamórfica tipo gneis y no proviene de la región. Esto hace pensar en el extraordinario esfuerzo que implicó el transporte de la roca desde su lugar de orígen, hecho que refleja el poder y la riqueza de Tak'alik Ab'aj. Esta estela por sus dimensiones 4.02 mt. de alto x 1.20 mt. de ancho y 0.65 mt. de grosor se cataloga como una de las mas altas de la Ciudad. English translation: Stela 18 This stela was carved from gneiss, a metamorphic type of rock, . . . — Map (db m92169) HM
Guatemala, Retalhuleu, El Asintal — Structure 11Tak'alik Ab'aj National Archaeological Park
Estructura 11 Al igual que la Estructura 5, esta estructura fue construida totalmente con barro. A través del tiempo se le realizaron cinco remodelaciones y en la última, se construye al centro de la fachada oeste una escalinata con 13 gradas de piedra con un descanso. Pie de dibujo: Etapas constructivas de la Estructura 11 English translation: Structure 11 Similiarly to Structure 5, this structure was constructed completely out of clay. Through the years five different . . . — Map (db m92090) HM
Guatemala, Retalhuleu, El Asintal — Sweat LodgeEstación Chuj
Fué una costumbre maya y estaba ligada a su vida ceremonial, con énfasis en la purificación y lo terapéutico. En las tierras bajas mayas, el chuj se encuentra asociado a estructuras importantes como palacios, juego de pelota y casas de élite. Componentes: Muros de piedra, paredes de bajareque, techo de zacatón o pajón, hornilla, desague y puerta de acceso. English translation: The sweat lodge was a Mayan custom and was associated with ceremonial customs, with emphasis on purification . . . — Map (db m92118) HM
Guatemala, Retalhuleu, El Asintal — Tanmi Tnam PlazaEstación Plaza Tanmi Tnam
Esta plaza es componente del patrón de asentamiento de la ciudad Tak'alik Ab'aj, donde se construyeron edificaciones tipo plataforma. Al recorrer esta plaza, los visitantes harán un paseo por un antiguo museo creado por los pobladores de esta ciudad, quienes supieron resguardar y valorar los adelantos científicos y religiosos de épocas anteriores. English translation: This plaza is an example of the settlement pattern of the city of Tak'alik Ab'aj, based on the construction of . . . — Map (db m92170) HM
Guatemala, Sacatepéquez, Antigua Guatemala — Birthplace of Luis Cardoza y AragónAquí Nació Luis Cardoza y Aragón
21 de Junio De 1901 4 de Septiembre De 1992 y frente a la puerta que no había pasado en tantos años, recordé el llavín, corto y redondo, y cómo darle vuelta para abrir; la manita del tocador, el buzón,la madera, la cuerda para abrir la puerta sin tocar. Al fondo de la calle, el tríangulo perfecto del Volcán de Agua, enorme, sereno y azul. English translation: Here was born Luis Cardoza y Aragón June 21, 1901 September 4, 1992 and while in front of the door which I hadn't passed . . . — Map (db m92089) HM
Guatemala, Sacatepéquez, Antigua Guatemala — Walter Williams in Guatemala
El Gobierno de la Republica, en homenaje a la memoria del ciudadano norteamericano Walter Willians Presidente de la Universidad de Missouri y fundador de la primera escuela de periodismo y del Congreso de Prensa Mundial, quien con su presencia en la fecha de inauguracion de esta carretera 1925 fraternizo cordialmente las relaciones entre el gran pueblo norteamericano y el nuestro, dispone en reconocimiento a sus meritos designarla con su nombre. Guatemala, Marzo de 1959. English . . . — Map (db m94512) HM
Guatemala, Sacatepéquez, Ciudad Vieja — Founding of the First Capital of Guatemala
La Sociedad de Geografia e Historia rememora hoy la fundacion de la primera capital del Reino de Guatemala por Don Jorge de Alvarado en este valle el dia 22 de Noviembre de 1527 XI XXII MCMXXVII English translation The Geography and History Society remembers today the founding of the first capital of the Kingdom of Guatemala by Jorge de Alvarado in this valley on November 22 of 1527 XI XXII MCMXXVII (November 22, 1927) — Map (db m87321) HM
Ireland, Connacht (County Galway), Inishmore, Aran Islands — Dún Aonghus
This, one of the finest prehistoric fortresses in Western Europe, consists of three dry-stone ramparts, and the remains of a fourth, the outermost of which encloses an area of 11 acres. Outside the second rampart there is a 30 foot band of upright stones forming a defensive band or “chevaux de frise.” Considerable alterations were made in the 19th century when the buttresses in the inside wall were erected. Tá sé seo ar cheann de na dúnta réamh-stairiúla is breátha in . . . — Map (db m25053) HM
Ireland, Connacht (County Mayo), Althore — Srahwee or Altóir Megalithic Wedge TombClew Bay Archaeological Trail site 13Slí Seandálaíochta Chuan Módh
Sraith Bhuí – The Yellow River Land This is one of the finest megalithic tombs in Ireland. This particular example is a wedge tomb, so-called because of its shape, wider and higher at the entrance and gradually tapering towards the rear. This type of tomb dates to the beginning of the Bronze Age (about 2,000 BC), when there was a final flourish of tomb building in Ireland. The flat roof stone was used as an altar during Penal times, giving the tomb its local name, . . . — Map (db m28063) HM
Ireland, Connacht (County Mayo), Cloonlaur — Bunlahinch ClapperbridgeClew Bay Archaeological Trail site 14Slí Seandálaíochta Chuan Módh
Bún na hInes - Bottom of the River Meadow This clapperbridge is a very unusual feature in the West of Ireland. The word clapper originally meant plank in the Sussex area of England, where there are many examples. Clapperbridges are a pre-historic form of stone-built bridge. The basic structure consists of small stone piers or pillars, which are spanned by flat stone slabs or planks. They were designed to cross wide, flat streams and rivers, as seen here, and used as footbridges. . . . — Map (db m28058) HM
Ireland, Connacht (County Mayo), Cong — Monk's Fishing House / Teach Iascaigh na Manach
Monk's Fishing House Fish was a staple in the diet of the mediaeval monastery, and this small building, probably built in the 15th or 16th century, is believed to have been used by the monks of Cong to make the task of catching fish a little easier. It is built on a platform of stones over a small arch water from the river to flow underneath the floor. A trapdoor in the floor may have been used for a net, and monks could sit by the small fireplace in cold weather waiting for their . . . — Map (db m28068) HM
Ireland, Connacht (County Mayo), Killeen — Killeen Graveyard and Cross SlabClew Bay Archaeological Trail site 15Slí Seandálaíochta Chuan Módh
This graveyard is now in the area known as Killeen. There is no trace of the early Christian church but there is a circular raised platform within the graveyard which could indicate where the original church stood. Tradition has it that if a person found guilty of any crime placed a finger in the keyhole of the church door, he/she would be let go free. In the graveyard, there is a large standing stone, leaning precariously, which was christianised during the seventh century with a Maltese . . . — Map (db m28056) HM
Ireland, Connacht (County Mayo), Moneen — Lime Kiln, Moneen,Clew Bay Archaeological Trail site 11Slí Seandálaíochta Chuan Módh
Móinín - Small Bog Lime Kilns date from the 18th century and were used until the 1940s in some areas. By lighting fires in these kilns and adding crushed limestone, lime was produced for use as fertiliser in the fields and also for whitewashing cottages. Most of the lime kilns around the country have been destroyed and only rare examples survive. This site survives in its entirety and is as fine an example of its type to be found in the area. Tornóg Aoil - Móinín Tosaíodh ag . . . — Map (db m27989) HM
Ireland, Connacht (County Mayo), Murrisk — Murrisk Abbey / National Famine Monument / Statue of St PatrickClew Bay Archaeological Trail sites 6, 7, 8Slí Seandálaíochta Chuan Módh
Murrisk Abbey • site 6 Muraisc - Sea Marsh Murrisk Abbey was founded circa 1456 by the Augustinian Friars because “the inhabitants of those parts have not hitherto been instructed in their faith.” It quickly became the preferred starting point for pilgrimages up Croagh Patrick. Before then, pilgrims approached the mountain from AnTóchar Phádraig, which starts in Aughagower. The ruins consist of an L-shaped building representing the long and narrow . . . — Map (db m27757) HM
Ireland, Connacht (County Mayo), Murrisk — Murrisk Friary / Mainistir Mhuraisce
Murrisk - from Muraisc (Sea-marsh) Murrisk Friary This small house of Augustinian friars, located here on the south shore of Clew Bay in the shadow of Croagh Patrick, was founded in 1457 by Hugh O'Malley. It was dedicated to St Patrick, some of whose relics were preserved here. The only surviving buildings are the small church and the range of domestic buildings which bordered the cloister on its east side - the chapter house below, where the friars met to . . . — Map (db m27587) HM
Ireland, Connacht (County Mayo), Murrisk — National Famine MemorialCuimhneachán Náisiúnta ar an nGorta Mór
To honour the memory of all who died, suffered and emigrated due to the Great Famine of 1845 - 1850, and the victims of all famines. The Memorial was unveiled by the President of Ireland, Mary Robinson, on 20 July 1997. I gcuimhna ar an daoine go léir a fuair bás, a d'fhulaing agus a chuaigh ar an imirce de dheasca Ghorta Mór 1845 - 1850 agus ar gach uile dhuine i ngátar de dheasca gorta. Uachtarán na nÉireann, Máire Mhic Róibín, a nocht an Cuimhneachán ar an 20 . . . — Map (db m27583) HM
Ireland, Connacht (County Roscommon), Ballyconboy — 988:1272 — Cruachan / Cruachain (Rathmore)
Cruachan is traditionally said to be the inauguration place of the Kings of Connacht. There are a number of monuments spread over an area of about two square miles. These include a large mound, a number of differently-shaped enclosures and some ring-forts. One of these contains a standing stone alleged to mark the resting place of the last pagan king of Ireland. De réir an tseanchais is ag Cruachain a dhéantaí Ríthe Chonnacht a ghairm. Tá roinnt séadchomharthaí scaipthe ar fud achar dhá . . . — Map (db m28192) HM
Ireland, Connacht (County Roscommon), Rathmoyle — Rathmoyle Cemetery
Rathmoyle Cemetery is unique in that it is the property of the parish and is maintained solely by the local population. The site appeas on the 1st edition of the 6 inch O.S. series of maps for Co. Roscommon as a Mortuary Chapel with surrounding graveyard. It is mentioned in the 1837 O.S. Map. The site was presented as a gift to the area by the local gentry, the Irwin's, in 1921 and has since been used as a local cemetery. The surrounding wall was constructed in the 1930's through . . . — Map (db m28204) HM
Ireland, Leinster (County Dublin), Dublin — Haslam Memorial Seat
In 1925 a finely sculptured garden seat of Kilkenny limestone was placed in the park and inscribed on the back - “Anna Marie, 1829 - 1922 and Thomas Haslam, 1825 - 1917. This seat is erected in commemoration [sic - ‘honour’] of their long years of public service, chiefly devoted to the enfranchisement of women." [From Monuments of St. Stephen's Green marker found in the park] — Map (db m22485) HM
Ireland, Leinster (County Dublin), Dublin — Jeremiah O'Donovan Rossa / Ó Donnabháin Rosa(1831 - 1915)
Ni dhéanfaidh gáeil bhearmao orc go brách [Gaelic transcription is best effort] ——— Erected in 1954. An uncut rock of Wicklow granite symbolises the patriot's unbreakable spirit. Into the rock is set a plaque bearing an impression of O'Donovan Rossa's head. — Map (db m25316) HM
Ireland, Leinster (County Dublin), Dublin — Lord Ardilaun
Prior to 1877 St. Stephen's Green was a private square for the use of the residents of the Green. In that year, through the generosity of Sir Arthur Edward Guinness (Lord Ardilaun) negotiations were concluded for converting it into a public park. Lord Ardilaun paid off debts against the park and invested an additional £20,000 in laying out the grounds as a park and garden. The bronze statue of Lord Ardilaun was erected by public subscriptions in 1892. ——— The Right . . . — Map (db m25311) HM
Ireland, Leinster (County Dublin), Dublin — Robert Emmet(1778 - 1803)
Presented to the People of Ireland by The Robert Emmet Statue Committee of the United States of America April 13, 1966 Francis J. Kane, Chairman Ambassador Scott McLeod Devlin W. Dormer, Esq. Hon. Michael J. Kirwan, M.C. Hon. Thomas P. O'Neill, M.C. Hon. Daniel J. Flood, M.C. Hon. John E. Fogarty, M.C. N. Mike Devlin, Esq. The statue, erected in 1968, in a small enclave on the west side of the park faces the house in which Robert Emmet was born (now . . . — Map (db m25304) HM
Ireland, Leinster (County Dublin), Dublin — St. Stephen's Green Bandstand
Erected in 1887 from funds subscribed by the Dublin Metropolitan Police to commemorate Queen Victoria's Jubilee. [From the Monuments of St. Stephen's Green marker found in the park.] — Map (db m22483) HM
Ireland, Leinster (County Dublin), Dublin — The "Three Fates"
This fountain, erected in 1956, is situated near the Leeson Street entrance to the park. It consists of a group of three bronze figures – Nornenbrunnen, representing the Three Fates, who weave and measure the thread of man's destiny. The monument was the gift of the German Federal Republic to mark its appreciation of the help and generosity of the Irish people during the time of distress and hardship after the Second World War. The work was designed by the Bavarian Sculptor, Professor . . . — Map (db m25306) HM
Ireland, Leinster (County Dublin), Dublin — Theobald Wolfe Tone(1763-98)
An Irish patriot convicted of treason. He died mysteriously in prison in November 1798. The memorial consists of a ten-foot figure of Wolfe Tone backed by a wall of rough granite columns of varying width and rising to 16 feet in height. Behind the granite columns is a group of bronze figures that symbolize the past unhappy subjugation of the Irish people. This group represents the cause for which Tone sacrificed his life. He was thirty-five years old. The memorial was unveiled by President de Valera in 1967. — Map (db m25303) HM
Ireland, Leinster (County Dublin), Dublin — William Butler Yeats(1865 - 1939)
“He may be regarded as the pivot around which Irish literature turned from instinctive to conscious art.” (George W. Russell). The memorial, erected in [October] 1967, is a tribute in bronze by Henry Moore, the sculptor. — Map (db m27039) HM
Ireland, Leinster (County Fingal), Howth — Howth Abbey, St. Marys / "Mainistir" Bhinn Éadair
Howth Abbey, St. Marys Sigtrygg, King of Dublin, founded the first church here in 1042. When this church was amalgamated with another on Ireland's Eye in 1235, it was re-founded by Luke, Archbishop of Dublin. Much of the present church dates from the 15th and 16th centuries. In the southeastern corner is a chantry containing the tomb of Christopher St. Laurence, carved around 1470, with the effigy of the Knight and his wife on top. Surrounding the tomb can be seen representations of the . . . — Map (db m27205) HM
Ireland, Leinster (County Fingal), Howth — Howth The Village / Binn Éadair ______The Fingal Way / Sli Fhine Gall
A Fishing Village References to the fishing industry in Howth can be found from the twelfth century, although in the seventeenth century the port was also known in the area as a base for pirates roaming Dublin Bay. In Elizabethan times a wooden quay was built but as vessel size increased the importance of Howth for goods and passenger traffic declined. In the nineteenth century various plans were put forward for a harbour at Howth and in 1807 construction commenced using stone quarried . . . — Map (db m27057) HM
Ireland, Leinster (County Fingal), Howth — The Ready Boat PillarSculpted by Seán O'Dwyer
Seeing the meaning When viewing a piece of sculpture one can see many different layers of meaning. The clues given here are only the first layer of meaning and are meant only as a gateway through which you can go on your way to see meanings of your own. All local stories, myths and legends are preserved to carry a message. Howth has a wonderful past and from it certain themes emerge.... exploration, conflict, healing and preservation. I have depicted figures in the Ready Boat Pillar . . . — Map (db m25301) HM
Ireland, Leinster (County Laois), Borris In Ossory — Millenium Fountain
The threshold and other rough stone was salvaged from one of the last thatched houses in the village. It was demolished in the year 2000. — Map (db m24721) HM
Ireland, Leinster (County Louth), Monasterboice — Monasterboice / Mainistir Bhuithe
Monasterboice — from Mainistir Bhuithe (the Monastery of Buithe) This is the only early Irish monastery whose name incorporates the Irish word mainistir. Monasterboice was founded by St Buite, who died around 520. The monastery was an important centre of spirituality and learning for many centuries until the Cistercians arrived at nearby Mellifont in 1142. The two churches which stand on the site today were probably built no earlier than the end of the 14th . . . — Map (db m24628) HM
Ireland, Leinster (County Louth), Monasterboice — 98 — The South Church / An Teampall Theas
At one time a church consisting of nave and chancel stood on this site. In the 13th century re-edification the west gable was moved back to add over two feet to the nave. The chancel having by this time disappeared, the plain round arch in the east gable was built up to give a single-roomed building. —————— Bhí tráth ar an láthair seo teampall ina raibh méánlann agus caingeal. Nuair a hathógadh é sa 13ú aois bogadh an bhinn thiar amach le 2'4" a chur leis an meánlann. — Map (db m24717) HM
Ireland, Leinster (County Meath), Donaghmore — Donaghmore Church and Round TowerDomhnach Mór agus Cloightheach
Donaghmore Church and Round Tower A monastery was reputedly founded here in the 5th century by St Patrick, who placed it in the care of St Cassán, whose relics were venerated here. The Round Tower was not built until the 11th or 12th century. It is well-preserved, but its upper part was badly restored in 1841 - the four windows which normally face North, South, East and West from the top of Round Towers are not found here, and the stone at the top of its roof is missing. . . . — Map (db m22542) HM
Ireland, Leinster (County Meath), Duleek — Connell's HouseDuleek Heritage Trail
Close to the Courthouse along the western perimeter of the village green is Connell's House, the oldest house in Duleek. This building was in existence at the time of the famous Battle of the Boyne in 1690. — Map (db m24793) HM
Ireland, Leinster (County Meath), Duleek — Parochial HouseDuleek Heritage Trail
The original house was built in 1795. It was built in three stages and was acquired by Fr John Kearney to accommodate the parish priest and the curate. It was re-roofed in 1993 and presides over the very elegant village green. At the back of the house are substantial stables and other outoffices which in earlier times were used for parish animals. These were built in 1898 and in more recent times have been refurbished as meeting rooms for parish groups and community activity. — Map (db m24801) HM
Ireland, Leinster (County Meath), Kells — Headfort PlaceKells Heritage Trail
Headfort Place was purposely widened and lined with trees in the 18th century to make it a suitable setting for its attractive Georgian houses. It is also here that a site for a parish church was donated to the Roman Catholic community by Lord Bective. The original site of the church is in the area near the present church's carpark. — Map (db m27339) HM
Ireland, Leinster (County Meath), Kells — Kells Courthouse
The courthouse, built in 1801, was designed by the prominent Irish architect Francis Johnston. Johnston also designed the General Post Office and Nelson's Pillar in Dublin, and Townley Hall, County Louth. A Vantage Point to the Past Several important landmarks of Kells recent history can be seen from this vantage point in front of the courthouse. Located to the west of the courthouse we find Headfort Place - a wide, tree-lined avenue of Georgian houses - the Headfort estate agent's . . . — Map (db m27340) HM
Ireland, Leinster (County Meath), Kells — Kells Round TowerKells Heritage Trail
This tower is located on the grounds of St Columba's church and was built in the 10th century as part of the early Christian monastery. Such towers were referred to as a cloigteach meaning bell tower. Modelled on early Italian belfries, they were used as lookout towers and as places of refuge during attack, particularly from Norse invaders. The tower is ninety feet high from the original street level to the base of its roof and has six floors but no internal staircase. Access to the upper . . . — Map (db m26440) HM
Ireland, Leinster (County Meath), Kells — Market CrossKells Heritage Trail
This 9th century high cross, the cross of the gate of the Kells monastery, is one of five high crosses still surviving in Kells. The cross of the gate, currently at or near its original site, was a termon cross and signified that a fugitive could claim sanctuary once inside the boundary of the monastic area. The carved faces of the high crosses depict scenes from the Old and New Testament and were used primarily for the religious instruction of the faithful. These scenes may originally have . . . — Map (db m27341) HM
Ireland, Leinster (County Meath), Kells — St Columba's ChurchKells Heritage Trail
Diarmuld MacCarroll, High King of Tara, is said to have granted the dun of Cenannus to St Columcille in the 6th century for the purpose of establishing a monastery. This may explain why in 804 the Columban community on the island of Iona (Hebrides), then the principal Columban monastery, moved to Kells to escape the reaches of Norse raiding parties. St Columba's church stands on the site of the original Columban monastery. It became a cathedral church 1152 when the diocese of Kells was . . . — Map (db m26444) HM
Ireland, Leinster (County Meath), Loyd — Kells Union Workhouse Paupers' Graveyard
Erected to the memory of the poor interred here during the operation of the English Poor Law System. 1838 - 1921. R. I. P. In the immediate aftermath of the Great ‘Famine’, this mass burial place was opened in 1851 for the poor people of the Kells District. Their memory challenges us to end the scandal of hunger in today's world of plenty. AFrI Great “Famine” Project Erected 9th October 1993 “Famine is a lie” Brian . . . — Map (db m27326) HM
Ireland, Leinster (County Meath), Loyd — Spire of LoydKells Heritage Trail
The tower, a mock lighthouse, was erected in 1791 by the First Earl of Bective in memory of his father Sir Thomas Taylor. The architect was Henry Baker who completed the design of the Kings Inns in Dublin after Gandon. The tower has an internal spiral stone staircase and was used in the 19th century to view the horseracing and the hunt. A section of land adjoining the tower was given to the Kells Union Workhouse in 1851 to be used as a paupers' graveyard. A famine road existed between the . . . — Map (db m27324) HM
Ireland, Leinster (County Meath), Newgrange — Knowth / Cnogbha
Within the great mound of Knowth there are two passage-tombs and around it, eighteen satellite tombs. The site remained a focal point for over 4,000 years. There is evidence of occupation from 3,000 B.C. to 1,200 A.D. This project has been part-financed by the European Regional Development Fund — Map (db m27219) HM
Ireland, Leinster (County Meath), Newgrange — The Woodhenge/Pit circle / The Winter Soltice
The Woodhenge/Pit circle If you were here 4000 years ago in the Early Bronze Age you would be standing inside a large wooden enclosure. The passage tomb was no longer in use at this time but the site was still a focal point for ritual and celebration. Because the enclosure was made of wood, it hasn't survived above ground. However, evidence of it was found by archaeologists. They found postholes where the huge wooden stakes had been. They also found pits where small animals had been . . . — Map (db m22522) HM
Ireland, Leinster (County Meath), Slane — Slane AbbeyMainistir Shláine
Slane Abbey It is believed that in 433 AD, the first Christian missionary to Ireland, later known as St. Patrick, lit a large celebration fire here on the Hill of Slane. Soon after St Patrick, a monastery associated with St Earc was built on the site. But we know little of its history until the church was rebuilt in its present form in 1512, when Sir Christopher Fleming founded a Franciscan friary. The church was built to a simple plan but it has a fine bell tower; the aisle to the . . . — Map (db m22533) HM
Ireland, Leinster (County Meath), Trim — Newtowntrim Cathedral / Ardeaglais an Bhaile NuaCathedral of Saints Peter and Paul — Ardeaglais nPheadair agus nPhóil
The priory of Newtowntrim was founded in 1202 by Simon de Rochfort, Bishop of Meath, for a community of Augustinian canons (priests). As well as functioning as part of the monastery, the church became the cathedral for the diocese of Meath after Simon petitioned the Pope to transfer his cathedral from Clonard to this site, where it could be protected by the great Norman castle at Trim. The Cathedral of Saints Peter and Paul was one of the largest and most sophisticated churches built in . . . — Map (db m27240) HM
Ireland, Leinster (County Offaly), Birr — The world's first automobile fatalityhappened here on 31 August 1869
Shortly after 8:00pm that evening a pioneering steam carriage designed and built by William Parsons, the Third Earl of Rosse, left the castle gates and drove at walking pace along Oxmantown Mall before turning the corner into Cumberland (now Emmet) Street. The Kings County Chronicle of the following day records what then befell: APPALLING ACCIDENT DEATH OF THE HON. MRS. WARD On yesterday the people of Parsonstown were much excited and grieved at a sad accident which occurred in the . . . — Map (db m33198) HM
Ireland, Munster (County Clare), Kilfenora — Historic Kilfenora / Cill Fhionnúrach Stairiúil
Historic Kilfenora The monastery of Kilfenora or Chill Fhionnúrach (the church of the white brow) is said to have been founded in the 6th century by St. Fachnan. The outline of the early monastic circular enclosure can still be traced in the curve of the roads to the south and west of the cathedral. The early history of the site is obscure, with the first historical reference occurring in 1055 when the stone church at the site was burned. The material remains, in particular the group . . . — Map (db m23694) HM
Ireland, Munster (County Kerry), Fahan — Dunbeg Promontory Fort / An Dún Beag
Dunbeg Promontory Fort This Promontory Fort consists of four fosses (ditches) and five mounds. Behind this we have the terraced dry-stone masonry rampart, originally straight but which became curved during later construction work. The entrance is roofed and flanked by two guardrooms. The inner part of the wall is the older, the outer portion being added later to strengthen it. Inside the Fort are the remains of a large Clochaun, internally square on plan. There is a water drain around . . . — Map (db m24780) HM
Ireland, Munster (County Kerry), Listowel — "River Fort"
This sculpture was designed by local councillor and craftsman Tony O'Callaghan The “Standing Stone” illustrates the River Feale which flows around our town. The “Ring” depicts an earthen fort situated in the vicinity of the town from which the town got its name Lios Tuathail (Listowel). — Map (db m23989) HM
Ireland, Munster (County Kerry), Listowel — Maid of Erin
Work of local man Pat McAuliffe 1846-1921 — Map (db m23698) HM
Ireland, Munster (County Kerry), Reask — Reask Monastic Site / Láthair Mhainistreach an Riaisc
Reask - from An Riasc (the marsh). This important early monastery was probably founded in the 6th century. Little is known of the history of the site. The enclosing wall is roughly circular and its interior is divided by a curving wall into two parts. In the eastern part is the oratory (a small church) which was made - like all the other buildings on the site - with dry-stone walls with a corbelled roof; no mortar was used to hold the walls together. Besides . . . — Map (db m24147) HM
Ireland, Ulster (County Donegal), Burt — Grianan Ailligh / Grianán Ailigh
This large stone-walled fort, located on a hilltop commanding views over Loughs Foyle and Swilly and counties Donegal, Derry and Tyrone, was the royal citadel of the northern Uí Néill from the 5th to the 12th century. It was probably built some time around the birth of Christ. Its builders may have been attracted to this hilltop site by the presence here of a sacred monument - a prehistoric burial mound or tumulus, possibly from the Neolithich period (about 3000 BC). A lintelled . . . — Map (db m71458) HM
Ireland, Ulster (County Donegal), Carrick — Carrick / An Charraig
In 1907 a young woman from Carrick, who had emigrated to America was at the centre of a national controversy. Mary Cunningham worked as a domestic servant for the famous sculptor Augustus Saint-Gaudins in New Hampshire. It was claimed that Saint-Gaudins used Mary as the model for the new ten-dollar gold coin. At a time when there was still prejudice against the Irish, this caused a national uproar. The critics seemed to have ignored the fact that Saint-Gaudins was himself an Irishman. . . . — Map (db m72266) HM
Ireland, Ulster (County Donegal), Donegal Town — Donegal Castle
Built in 1474 by Hugh O'Donnell. Destroyed in 1595 by Red Hugh O'Donnell to prevent seizure by the British. Rebuilt circa 1614 by Sir Basil Brook. [Top view drawing showing evolution of the castle in] 15th century, 17th century, Modern — Map (db m71569) HM
Ireland, Ulster (County Donegal), Donegal Town — 6 — Donegal Castle / Caisleán Dhún na nGall
Donegal Castle was built by Red Hugh O'Donnell, the young 'Eagle of the North', in the late 15th Century beside the River Eske. During the Plantation of Ulster that followed 'The Flight of the Earls' in 1607, the Castle, historic home of the O'Donnell's, was granted to Captain Basil Brooke who came to Ireland with the English Army in 1598 and fought in Munster. It is generally accepted that Red Hugh O'Donnell, who was proclaimed "The O'Donnell' in 1592, burned the castle to prevent it . . . — Map (db m71570) HM
Ireland, Ulster (County Donegal), Donegal Town — Donegal Friary / Mainistir Dhún na nGall
Donegal Friary was founded for the Franciscan Friars in 1474 by the first Red Hugh O'Donnell and his wife Nuala O'Brien. It survived until it was plundered by the English in 1588. Four years later, they in turn were driven out by the second Red Hugh (who left Ireland shortly after the battle of Kinsale in 1602), and the friars repaired the buildings. In 1601, during a siege of the friary by English forces - commanded by the renegade Niall Garbh O'Donnell - gunpowder stores exploded and . . . — Map (db m71608) HM
Ireland, Ulster (County Donegal), Donegal Town — 175 — The Franciscan Friary of Donegal
Founded 1474 and richly endowed by the Lady Nuala O'Connor and the Lady Nuala O'Brien, wives of successive O'Donnell chieftains. The Friary followed the usual Franciscan layout of church on the south side, with cloisters and conventual buildings to the north. Its present ruinous state dates from 1601 when it was turned into a fortress by Niall Garbh O'Donnell and his English allies and besieged by Red Hugh. Donegal Friary and its possessions were confiscated in 1607 following the . . . — Map (db m71600) HM
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