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Man-Made Features Markers
2844 markers matched your search criteria. The first 250 markers are listed. Next 2594
Australia, New South Wales, Lithgow — The Great Zig ZagLithgow
A railway zig zag is a series of reversing ramps used to avoid very steep grades. John Whitton, Engineer in Chief NSW Government Railways 1856-90, chose this as the economical method for the descent from Clarence to Lithgow. Built during 1866-69 by contractor Patrick Higgins, it involved massive rock excavations, a tunnel and three stone arch viaducts. During its 41 years of operation it accelerated the development of western New South Wales and achieved world renown as a major engineering work. — Map (db m59808) HM
Brazil, Rio de Janeiro — Augusto Ferreira Ramos
Engenheiro Brasilero que idealisou e realisou o Caminho Aéreo 1912 - 1913 English Translation: The Brazilian Engineer who envisioned and created the aerial tramway. — Map (db m26350) HM
Brazil, Rio de Janeiro — Christ the Redeemer MonumentCorcovado TrainCristo Retender
Uma história de fé A history of faith [Text in Portuguese: ...] De braços abertos sobre a cidade, abençoando-a, o monumento ao Cristo Redentor, foi inaugurado em 12 outubro de 1931 pelo Presidente Getúlio Vargas e o Cardeal Sebastião Leme. Construido de concreto armado e revestido de pequenos triangulares de pedra-sabão, todas as suas peças foram transportadas ao alto pelo Trem do Corcovado. A obra executada no pico do Morro do Corcovado é equivalente a um . . . — Map (db m31815) HM
Brazil, Rio de Janeiro — Cristovão Leite de Castro
Engeneheiro Cristovão Leite de Castro idealizou e realizou o teleférico do Pão de Açucar Inaugurado em 29 de outubro de 1972 English Translation: Engineer Cristovão Leite de Castro masterminded and carried out the {modernization} of the Sugar Loaf cable cars. Inaugurated October 29, 1972. — Map (db m26376) HM
Brazil, Rio de Janeiro (Rio de Janeiro) — CCAPACompanhia Camaniho Aéreo Pão de Açúcar
No dia 27 de Octubro de 2002, a Companhia Camaniho Aéreo Pão de Açúcar - CCAPA - compleou 90 anos de serviços ininteruptos do teleférico. Esta tecnologia de ponta de engemharia transformou o Pão de Açucar em um icone nacional de grande orgulho par o carioca. A diretoria da CCAPA homenageia seu pioneiro fundador, engenheiro Augusto Ferreira Ramos, pela implantação do primeiro sistema teleferico Brasileiro, que funcionou durante 60 anos, como também o Engenheiro Cristóvão Leite de Castro, . . . — Map (db m26365) HM
British Columbia (Capital Regional District), Brentwood Bay — Above The Sunken Garden
The mound in the centre of the quarry was of an inferior grade of limestone and therefore not quarried. Left intact, it provided a natural viewpoint amid the developing garden beds. Jennie Butchart planted a pair of arbor vitae (trees of life) on either side of the walkway in 1920. They have become a distinguishing part of the Sunken Garden and have been replaced three times. — Map (db m74451) HM
British Columbia (Capital Regional District), Brentwood Bay — Coast Salish Totem Poles
Eagle with Salmon, Orca, Bear with Salmon This Totem Pole, carve in Contemporary Coast Salish style by master carver Doug LaFortune of the Tsawout First Nation, was dedicated on September 9th, 2004 in celebration of the 100th anniversary of The Butchart Gardens. ———————— Raven, Beaver with Grouse, Otter with pups & clam, Frog This Totem Pole, carved in Classic Coast Salish style by master carver Charles Elliott of the Tsartlip . . . — Map (db m74456) HM
British Columbia (Capital Regional District), Brentwood Bay — Concert Lawn
Under the sponsorship of Mr. and Mrs. Ian Ross, the Victoria Symphony Orchestra performed summer concerts on the main lawn between 1953 and 1967. Conducted by Hans Gruber they featured many international artists such as Teresa Stratas, Bernard Turgeon and Grace Bumbry. On occasion guest conductors were invited to lead the orchestra. — Map (db m74461) HM
British Columbia (Capital Regional District), Brentwood Bay — Fountain of the Three Sturgeons
Once the location of a large Japanese teahouse, the view from the fountain is a commanding one of the Butchart Residence across the Main Lawn. — Map (db m74485) HM
British Columbia (Capital Regional District), Brentwood Bay — Organ Pavillion
The Aeolian Pipe Organ played at The Butchart Gardens is an early twentieth century residence instrument equipped with its own pneumatic player. Built by the Aeolian Company of New York this model, once owned by Vancouver department store owner, Chris Spencer, is identical to the one owned by R.P. Butchart and installed in his residence here at Benvenuto. Fully playable manually this organ boasts just under one thousand individual pipes, a set of twenty tubular chimes and a forty-nine note . . . — Map (db m74479) HM
British Columbia (Capital Regional District), Brentwood Bay — Rose Garden History
The present Rose Garden was built in 1929 and 1930 on the site of the Butchart's vegetable garden. The design was developed by Butler Sturtevant, a Seattle landscape artist, and adapted by Jennie Butchart. The head gardener at the time, Bob Ballantyne, was in charge of its installation. His perfectionist methods added greatly to its improvement and expansion over the next thirty years until his retirement in 1959. Between the Rose Garden and the nursery field, now the Concert Lawn, the . . . — Map (db m74483) HM
British Columbia (Capital Regional District), Brentwood Bay — Ross Fountain Lookout
This smaller quarry was a source of limestone in the 1860s. It was here that Ian Ross, grandson of Mr. and Mrs. Butchart, devised his spectacular fountain with the assistance of his plumber, Adrian Butler and his electrician, Vic Dawson. The Ross Fountain commemorated the 60th Anniversary of The Butchart Gardens when it was installed in 1964. — Map (db m74441) HM
British Columbia (Capital Regional District), Brentwood Bay — Ross Fountain Lookout
Directly behind the Ross Fountain lies Tod Inlet and the site of the Vancouver Portland Cement Company established in 1904. Adjacent to the plant at Tod Inlet was a village that housed the employees. — Map (db m74444) HM
British Columbia (Capital Regional District), Brentwood Bay — Seed & Fireworks Fields
In 1903, the land now occupied by the Butchart Gardens was purchased from a local dairy farmer, Mr. Fernie. Reservoirs were excavated in 1969 to ensure a water supply for irrigation. The single jet fountain was installed to aerate the water supply in the largest reservoir, now the focal point of the fireworks display. — Map (db m74459) HM
British Columbia (Capital Regional District), Brentwood Bay — Soda Fountain Sit-In
The factory buildings have been demolished and the land is now designated as provincial parkland. The one remaining chimney is within The Butchart Gardens and stands as a beacon to the cement industry it once served. — Map (db m74447) HM
British Columbia (Capital Regional District), Brentwood Bay — Star Pond
This pond was designed by Mr. Butchart for his collection of ducks in 1931. Beyond is the entrance to the Italian Garden through a Lawson cypress hedge. — Map (db m74549) HM
British Columbia (Capital Regional District), Brentwood Bay — Sunken Garden Lake Sit-in
Limestone was also quarried up the hill from the Sunken Garden. It was transported in ore buckets suspended on cables high above ground from some half a mile away. — Map (db m74432) HM
British Columbia (Capital Regional District), Brentwood Bay — The Butchart Boar
The original Porcellino, or little pig, sits on the south side of the Straw Market in Florence, Italy. For generations his nose has been affectionately rubbed to bring good luck, so that today his snout is finely burnished. About 1620 Pietro Tacca cast the "little pig" in bronze from the marble boar "Cinghiale", now displayed at the Uffizi Gallery in Florence. He completely changed the simple base of the earlier statue by adding a small pool surrounded by plants, frogs, snakes and a . . . — Map (db m74552) HM
British Columbia (Capital Regional District), Brentwood Bay — The Butchart Gardens / Les Jardins Butchart
Jennie Butchart began to shape this magnificent landscape in 1904. She established, in the style of the grand estates of the period, several distinct gardens to evoke a range of aesthetic experiences. An abandoned limestone quarry was transformed into the dramatic Sunken Garden, a reflection of the early 20th-century beautification movement and an exceptional achievement in Canadian gardening history. Through successive generations of the Butchart family, this site has retained much of its . . . — Map (db m74419) HM
British Columbia (Capital Regional District), Brentwood Bay — The Italian Garden
The Italian Garden is the most formal of Mrs. Butchart's gardens. Created in 1926 on the site of the family tennis court, the well known architect Samuel Maclure worked from Mr. Butchart's ideas to create the garden. — Map (db m74551) HM
British Columbia (Capital Regional District), Brentwood Bay — The Japanese Garden
The first of Jennie Butchart's formal gardens, the Japanese Garden was started in 1906. A Japanese landscape artist, Isaburo Kishida, assisted her with the design. Under the supervision of Hugh Lindsay the first of Mrs. Butchart's head gardeners, labourers from the cement works implemented Kishida's plan. Jennie installed a torii gate to mark the entrance to the garden. The magnificent purple beech on each side of the gate and the Japanese maples at the head of the stone stairs down into . . . — Map (db m74513) HM
British Columbia (Capital Regional District), Brentwood Bay — The Quarry Walls
The barren rock face of the quarry presented Jennie Butchart with a challenge. She hung in a bosun's chair to plant ivy in the crevices in the rock walls. — Map (db m74437) HM
British Columbia (Capital Regional District), Brentwood Bay — The Sunken Garden
The Limestone deposit was exhausted in 1908 and the quarry abandoned. Mrs. Butchart conceived the idea of transforming the barren pit into a garden and thus the Sunken Garden came into being. In 1910 she planted Lombardy poplar trees in an attempt to block the view of the cement factory. By 1912 the development of the garden was underway and it was completed in 1921. — Map (db m74428) HM
British Columbia (Capital Regional District), Brentwood Bay — The Sunken Garden Lake
The deepest part of the quarry floor was sealed, lined and allowed to fill with water from a natural spring forming a lake 40 ft deep in places. Mr. Butchart stocked the pool with trout which would rise to the surface to be fed when he clapped his hands. — Map (db m74438) HM
British Columbia (Capital Regional District), Sidney — Mayor's Community Builder Awardees at Beacon Park Pavilion
Town of Sidney BC Spirit Squares Beacon Park Pavilion Opened June 28, 2009 by the Honourable Steven Point, Lt. Gov. of BC A legacy of the 150th anniversary of the founding of the Crown Colony of British Columbia —————————— Joan E. Ballenger 1939 - 2005 The Town of Sidney and Peninsula Celebrations Society celebrate Joan Ballenger, an incredibly active community volunteer. In 1994, Joan saw an opportunity . . . — Map (db m75464) HM
British Columbia (Capital Regional District), Sidney — Port of Entry Beacon
was seen in early days by ships at sea Hence, Beacon Avenue — Map (db m75341) HM
British Columbia (Capital Regional District), Sidney — Waterfront Industries
Before town planning and notions of the picturesque, waterfronts were convenient for industrial development. As a transportation hub, Sidney's waterfront boasted a sawmill, a cannery, boatworks and roofing plant, besides rail and ship facilities. Sidney sawmill began in 1892 to cut lumber for the V&S Railway. After initial success it flagged and was in receivership by 1913. Closed until 1917, it was revived by GH Walton. By 1920 it employed about 150 men, the largest workforce in the . . . — Map (db m75465) HM
British Columbia (Capital Regional District), Sidney — Year of the Ocean
If the Oceans of the world perish, so shall we. This mural was painted in celebration of the "International Year of the Ocean", and is a brief glimpse into the story of ocean science on the west coast. A mere fraction of the story is depicted here. The mural is a dream of the Ocean, and like a dream it flows across a montage of images floating through space and time. Beginning in the distant past, with an Ancient Navigator lovingly holding our Ocean planet, it ends with a . . . — Map (db m75463) HM
British Columbia (Capital Regional District), Victoria — "Summerdyne"Celebrating Our Heritage
The Burrell family home, "Summerdyne", on Oak Bay Avenue at Monterey looking west - circa 1906 The Burrell family walking east along Oak Bay Avenue near their home - circa 1900 — Map (db m75299) HM
British Columbia (Capital Regional District), Victoria — Hosaqami
a replica of the original pole carved in 1960 by Chief Mungo Martin Carved by Chief Tony Hunt and Raised on 8 September 2012 in the presence of The Honourable Steven L. Point, OBC Lieutenant Governor of British Columbia in honour of Her Majesty Queen Elizabeth II’s Diamond Jubilee and dedicated to all Aboriginal Veterans This pole was made possible thanks to the generosity of the Government House Foundation and in cooperation with the Esquimalt and Songhees First . . . — Map (db m75002) HM WM
British Columbia (Capital Regional District), Victoria — 90 mm Anti-Aircraft GunCanon Antiaérien de 90 mm
During the 1950s this type of anti-aircraft gun was part of the Victoria-Esquimalt defences, although it was not used here at Fort Rodd Hill. This American-made weapon had begun to replace the British-designed 3.7-inch gun as the Canadian Army’s heavy AA defence after the Second World War. It had a maximum vertical range of 30,000 feet and fired 22 rounds a minute. ——————————————— . . . — Map (db m75031) HM
British Columbia (Capital Regional District), Victoria — A Natural HarbourFisherman's Wharf Park
ca. 1860 [Photo caption reads] A detail of the View of Victoria, 1860. Major Bay is largely undeveloped. BC Archives POP01538 1878 [Photo caption reads] Bird's-Eye View of Victoria, Vancouver Island, B.C. 1878, detail. Drawn by E.S. Glover, Published by M.W. Waitt & Co., Victoria, B.C. 1880's The shores around Shoal Point and Major Bay offered a protected landing point and by the 1890's the development of the Outer Wharves changed the look of the untouched . . . — Map (db m74383) HM
British Columbia (Capital Regional District), Victoria — British Columbia Indians World Wars Memorial
This tablet in memory of the British Columbia Indians who gave their lives in the World Wars 1914 • 1918 - 1939 • 1945 — Map (db m74139) WM
British Columbia (Capital Regional District), Victoria — Coast Defence Artillery Positions: 1878-1956Positions de l’artillerie côtière: 1878-1956
The harbours at Victoria and Esquimalt, and the adjacent coastline were defended by temporary gun emplacements from 1878. International crises during the latter part of the century led to an agreement between the Canadian and British governments to improve and expand these defences with permanent fortifications and modern guns. Fort Rodd Hill was one part of this new development and continued in service until 1956. ———————— À partir . . . — Map (db m75210) HM
British Columbia (Capital Regional District), Victoria — Creation of the Province of British ColumbiaCréation de la Province de Columbie-Britannique
[English] The province of British Columbia was created on July 20, 1871. Formerly a crown colony established by the union in 1866 of Vancouver Island with the mainland colony of British Columbia, the addition of the Pacific coast province made Canada truly a nation “from sea to sea”. With provincial status came success for the movement toward self-government. The first Lieutenant-Governor of British Columbia was Joseph W. Trutch and the first premier was John Foster . . . — Map (db m49038) HM
British Columbia (Capital Regional District), Victoria — Fisgard Lighthouse National Historic SiteLe Phare Fisgard, Lieu Historique National
Fisgard Lighthouse was built in 1860 as the first permanent light on the west coast of Canada. Although administered together with Fort Rodd Hill, it is a separate national historic site. There is no historic connection between the two structures. The lighthouse now contains exhibits on shipwrecks, navigation and the growth of the west coast lighthouse system. Various lenses and lightkeeping tools are also on display. Your most direct route to Fisgard is by the path that leads . . . — Map (db m75218) HM
British Columbia (Capital Regional District), Victoria — From Mudflat to Rain GardenFisherman's Wharf Park
A sports field served James Bay for many years until the Community envisioned a new park space. On August 27th, 2009 City Council adopted the Fisherman's Wharf Management Plan. The plan was completed in two phases and the Mayor celebrated the grand opening with residents on October 2nd, 2012. [Inset photos and text follow] A small shanty-town was also born during this era with houses in the bay. 1940's. 1940 - Today The map underlay shows the shoreline of 1940. Major Bay's . . . — Map (db m74385) HM
British Columbia (Capital Regional District), Victoria — Government House
This plaque was unveiled by The Honourable Frank Mackenzie Ross, C.M.G., M.C., LL.D. Lieutenant Governor of the Province of British Columbia on May 19th, 1959, to mark the official opening of the 10th Government House built to replace the former residence destroyed by fire April 15th, 1957. Planned and constructed under the authority of the Hon. W. N. Chant, Minister of Public Works, Province of British Columbia. Built by John Laing and Son, (Canada) Limited. — Map (db m74991) HM
British Columbia (Capital Regional District), Victoria — In Commemoration of the Treaty Between Great Britain and the Russian Empire28 February 1825, Demarcating Canada's Western Boundary
[English] In Commemoration of the Treaty Between Great Britain and the Russian Empire, 28 February 1825, Demarcating Canada’s Western Boundary [Russian] В память Договора между Великобританией и Россия . . . — Map (db m48937) HM
British Columbia (Capital Regional District), Victoria — Kwakiutl Bear Pole
Project of Native Indians' Participation Centennial Sub-Committee to commemorate the Union in 1866 of the colonies on Vancouver Island and the mainland as British Columbia Kwakiutl Bear Pole carved by Mr. Henry Hunt of Kwawkewlth Indian Band at Victoria, B.C. Log donated by MacMillan, Bloedel and Powell River, Limited. — Map (db m74399) HM
British Columbia (Capital Regional District), Victoria — Minnie Victoria Robertson
[Born] December 7th, 1870, Victoria, Drowned Ellice Bridge Disaster May 26th, 1896 — Map (db m74701) HM
British Columbia (Capital Regional District), Victoria — Rockland Cairn
This monument was erected by residents of Rockland, with the support of the City of Victoria, to commemorate the past, celebrate the millennium and look to the future. Rockland was carved out of the 500 acre Douglas Estate “Fairfield Farm” in the mid 1800’s. The foremost architects of Victoria reflected the image and lifestyle of their day in the grand homes of Rockland. Residents of Rockland have sought to maintain the heritage character of the neighbourhood for the . . . — Map (db m75028) HM
British Columbia (Capital Regional District), Victoria — 5 — Signs of LekwungenWe Are Still Here — Beside the "Lookout" on Beacon Hill - míqən
There are messages in the landscape here, surviving traditional place names, and the soil itself preserves ancient stories waiting to be told. This is the land of the Lekwungen People, known today as the Esquimalt and Songhees Nations. As you travel through the city, you will find seven carvings that mark places of cultural significance. To seek out these markers is to learn about the land, its original culture, and the spirit of its people. The hill here is called MEE-qan which . . . — Map (db m74378) HM
British Columbia (Capital Regional District), Victoria — Stone Boundary Marker
A stone boundary marker set by the Royal Engineers 1859-60 as part of the original survey of Government House grounds and Fairfield Farm. — Map (db m75001) HM
British Columbia (Capital Regional District), Victoria — The Victoria Centennial FountainActivated 2 August 1968 by Hon. W.A.C. Bennett, L.E.D.. Premier.
British Columbia was formed from four British Colonies and territories: The Crown Colony of Vancouver Island 1845 The Dependency of the Queen Charlotte Islands 1852 The Crown Colony of British Columbia 1856 The Stickeen Territory 1862 Plaques on the fountain tell the origin of their union to become the British Columbia of today. The animal symbols are those from which all Indian Societies obtained their main totems of the four areas. The first impetus to exploration and . . . — Map (db m49074) HM
British Columbia (Capital Regional District), Victoria — Upper Battery / Batterie supérieure
A coast artillery battery consists of one or more gun emplacements and supporting structures and equipment. Its role was defensive; to prevent attack by enemy warships through the use of artillery. The layout of Upper Battery is typical of a coast defence battery of this period: High ground and a commanding position... + a clear field of fire for the gun... + a secure magazine to safely store ammunition close to the gun... + a communication system to control gun . . . — Map (db m75248) HM
British Columbia (Capital Regional District), Victoria — Upper, Lower, Belmont BatteriesBatteries supérieure, inférieure et Belmont
These batteries were constructed at Fort Rodd Hill between 1895 and 1900, as part of the defences of Esquimalt Harbour. Upper and Lower Batteries, with their three large 6 inch guns, were designed to counter bombard enemy warships. Belmont Battery was equipped to engage fast torpedo boats, with smaller quick firing guns. ———————— Ces batteries furent construites au fort Rodd Hill entre 1895 et 1900 pour faire partie du système . . . — Map (db m75216) HM
British Columbia (Greater Vancouver Regional District), Semiahmoo — Peace ArchThe Signing of the Columbia River Treaty
Upper marker: This unfortified boundary line between the Dominion of Canada and the United States of America should quicken the remembrance of the more than century old friendship between these countries A lesson of peace to all nations. Lower marker: In commemoration of One hundred and fifty years of peace, 1814 - 1864, between Canada and the United States of America. The signing of the Columbia River Treaty on September 16th, 1964, at this international . . . — Map (db m27450) HM
Manitoba, Lockport — St. Andrews Caméré Curtain Dam
This is the only Caméré curtain bridge-dam built in North American, and by far the largest ever constructed. H.E .Vautelet, the Canadian engineer responsible for its design, adapted a French technological advancement to deal with the destructive and unpredictable floodwaters of the Red River. It has wooden curtains that dam the river for navigation and roll up to pass the spring freshets. The Canadian government constructed the dam, lock and machine shop/electrical powerhouse in 1907-1910 as . . . — Map (db m9205) HM
New Brunswick (Charlotte County), Welshpool — Campobello Company and HotelsLe Campobello Company et les Hôtels
Although visitors had been coming to the island since 1855, Campobello's summer trade did not really prosper until the 1880s - years of long summer vacations and great resorts. A group of Boston and New York businessmen bought most of the island in 1881. The new owners called themselves the Campobello Company; their plan was to promote the island as a summer resort. They hoped to lure a wealthy clientele with extensive leisure time to the island, let them enjoy the area's many charms, . . . — Map (db m63639) HM
New Brunswick (Charlotte County), Welshpool — Friar's Head / Le Cap Friar
Friar's Head takes its name from the stone pillar or stack (photo 1) that rises from the beach directly below the observation deck. While occupying Eastport, the British navy was said to have used the stone pillar for target practice, altering its outline to that of a hooded monk or Friar in deep contemplation. Native American Passamaquoddy legend referred to this rock as the Stone Maiden. The legend speaks of a young brave leaving on a long journey, telling his lover to sit . . . — Map (db m63629) HM
New Brunswick (Charlotte County), Welshpool — Mulholland Point / La Pointe Mulholland
Built in 1885, the Mulholland Point Lighthouse (photo 1) served as a guide for the many small coasters and freighters taking the shorter and more foul weather-protected route through the Lubec Narrows. Steamships, such as the Penobscot (photo 2), sailing between Boston, Portland, and Eastport in the 1890s could only travel through the Narrows when the tide was high. Otherwise, they had to steam around the eastern side of Campobello. The first automobiles brought to the island . . . — Map (db m63593) HM
New Brunswick (Charlotte County), Welshpool — Panoramic View of CottagesVue Panoramique des Résidences d'Éte
Two of the Campobello Company's founders, Alex S. Porter and Samuel Wells, and several of the luxury hotel visitors, including James Roosevelt and families by the name of Sturgis, Cochrane, Prince, and Pell purchased land and refurbished or built large cottages. Five cottages remain today: the Prince, Roosevelt, Hubbard, Wells-Shober, and Johnston cottages in what is now the Roosevelt Campobello International Park's historic core. This circa 1914 photo identifies the various . . . — Map (db m63641) HM
New Brunswick (Charlotte County), Welshpool — Passamaquoddy Tidal Power ProjectProjet de Centrale Électrique Marée Motrice
During the years FDR summered on Campobello, the daughter of one of Campobello's summer colonists married Dexter P. Cooper, an eminent American engineer. Cooper studied the tremendous rise and fall of Passamaquoddy Bay's tides and became obsessed with the potential of generating electricity from the 2 billion cubic metres (70 billion cubic feet) of seawater that entered and left the bay twice each day. Passamaquoddy tides are among the highest in the world, and range from a maximum . . . — Map (db m63611) HM
Ontario, Ottawa — By Ward Market Heritage Conservation DistrictDistrict de Conservation du Patrimoine du Marché By
The dense cedar bog that became the site of the By Ward Market was drained and cleared in 1827 by Lieutenant-Colonel John By of the Royal Engineers to accommodate the workers building the Rideau Canal. The area rapidly became the commercial core of Bytown and later served the region's farming communities and the Ottawa Valley lumber industry, whose itinerant lumbermen gave the town its rowdy reputation. Over the next century the By Ward Market housed the businesses and institutions that . . . — Map (db m63692) HM
Ontario (Hastings), Shannonville — Nelson International Raceway
This was the original name of SMP when the track was first built in 1975. After coming to Canada from Ireland in 1954, John Nelson followed his passion for motorcycles and racing. He owned several bike shops in Toronto and became quite an accomplished rider in his own right. In October 1976 the first motorcycle race was held here on a chilly Thanksgiving weekend. Known for his burly laugh, racing stories and legendary repair jobs, John was admired and well liked by everyone in the racing . . . — Map (db m45848) HM
Ontario (Timiskaming District), Cobalt — Nipissing Vein No. 96
The deep gash in this hillside is all that remains of silver vein No. 96. The vein was originally discovered in 1908 by the Nipissing Mining Company Limited using an exploration method called trenching. Trenches are simply shallow channels dug down through loosely consolidated soil to bedrock in the search for minerals. This technique still remains one of the cheapest and most cost-effective methods of exploration today. The vein was originally “stoped”, or mined upwards from . . . — Map (db m44574) HM
Ontario (Toronto), Toronto — The Lake Light
This lighthouse, one of the earliest on the Great Lakes, was completed in 1808 as an hexagonal tower 52 feet high, topped by a wooden cage with a fixed whale-oil lantern. In 1832 it was raised to 82 feet and later equipped with a revolving light. The mysterious disappearance of its first keeper, J.P. Rademuller, in 1815 and the subsequent discovery nearby of part of a human skeleton enhanced its reputation as a haunted building. Erected by the Ontario Archaeological and Historic Sites Board. Map (db m40779) HM
Quebec (Acton MRC), Acton Vale — Acton Vale Station
The design of this building is based on a standard plan used by the Grand Trunk Railway Company to build several stations between 1895 and 1905 on the line connecting Montreal to Portland, Maine. This plan features a variety of structural shapes, including a high-pitched dormer window, a turret with multipaned windows, and a bellcast roof, which together produce a strikingly pituresque effect. Formed in 1853, the Grand Trunk Company became part of the Canadian National after the latter was created in 1919. — Map (db m74535) HM
Quebec (Coaticook MRC), Waterville — École HYATT School
The settlement of Milby dates back to the 1790s. This Hyatt One-Room Schoolhouse was built on land originally granted to Loyalist Abraham Hyatt Sr., located in the Hyatt Settlement, now known as Milby. Two brothers, Cornelius and Abraham Jr. settled here while another brother Gilbert settled first at Capelton and later moved to Lower Forks in 1796, then called Hyatt's Mills, known to-day as Sherbrooke.

Loyalist Cornelius Hyatt operated the Grist Mill and Saw Mill at the river, just across . . . — Map (db m74544) HM

Quebec (Haut-Richelieu MRC), Saint-Jean-sur-Richelieu — First Railway in Canada
Canada's first steam railway, the Champlain and St. Lawrence, was opened in 1836 to better facilitate trade with the United States. It was built by promoters led by brewer John Molson and merchant-forwarder Jason C. Pierce. This 23-kilometre line expedited the movement of passengers and freight between Montréal and New York by linking La Prairie, on the St. Lawrence River and Saint-Jean-sur-Richelieu. The wooden rails were replaced with iron in 1847, and the line was extended in 1851 to Rouses . . . — Map (db m74533) HM
Quebec (Haut-Richelieu MRC), Saint-Jean-sur-Richelieu — Former Grand Trunk Railway Station
The Saint-Jean station, built in 1890, symbolizes the presence of the Grand Trunk Railway in Québec before its amalgamation in 1923 with the Canadian National Railways. The Grand Trunk was incorporated in 1853 to provide service through the Province of Canada to the East Coast. It was created by combining new construction with existing lines, and eventually stretched from Sarnia, Ontario, to Portland, Maine. The design, typical of small stations of the period, is characterized by a hipped roof, . . . — Map (db m74534) HM
Quebec (Ville-Marie Borough), Montréal — The Nelson Column, Montreal
North face : In memory of the Right Honorable Lord Viscount Nelson Duke of Bronte who terminated his career of Naval Glory in the memorable Battle of Trafalgar on the 21st of Oct 1806 after inculcating by signal a maxim that can never be forgotten by his country: “England expects every man will do his duty.” This monumental pillar was erected by a subscription of the inhabitants of Montreal in the year 1808. West face : On the 1st and 2nd of August 1798, Rear . . . — Map (db m33963) HM
Yukon Territory, Whitehorse — Alaska Highway
(left marker) At this site on 1 April 1946 the United States Army officially handed over the Alaska Highway and associated facilities to the Canadian Army This plaque is dedicated to the those who built and cared for the Alaska Highway by the members of the Northwest Highway System June 1956 (right marker) At this site on 1 April 1964 the Canadian Army handed over responsibility for the Alaska Highway and the Northwest Highway . . . — Map (db m42832) HM
France, Île-de-France (Paris), Paraza — Square du Vert-Galant
Square du Vert-Galant Jusqu’à la construction du Pont-Neuf, l’île de la Cité se terminait par le Jardin du Roi, où fut édifiée la place Dauphine. La pointe actuelle de l’île est constituée de la réunion de trois îlots à la Cité, assise centrale du nouveau pont. L’îlot du nord, nommé île du Patriarche, se prolongeait à l’est par un minuscule îlot portant un moulin, dit de la Gourdaine puis de la Monnaie, car son énergie hydraulique était utilisée pour battre le monnayage royal. Celui du sud, le . . . — Map (db m61580) HM
France, Île-de-France (Paris), Paris — L’égoùt de Paris[The Paris Sewers]
Sous le Règne de S.M. Napoleon III Empereur des Français L’égoùt de la rue de Rivoli, de l’Hotel de Ville au Quai de la Conférence, Commencé en 1851 par M. J.J, Berger, Préfet de la Seine, a été terminé en 1854 par M. G.E. Haussmann, son successeur, la dépense montant a 750,000 F. a été supportée par la Ville de Paris Ingenieurs M.M. Dupuit, Homberg, Baudart, Rousselle, Vaudrey. Longueur 3200,00 Punte moyenne 0,001 Hauteur maximim 3m, 10 Largeur 2m.40

(Translated by Google . . . — Map (db m60922) HM

Germany, Berlin — Pariser Platz
[English text] Pariser Plaz (Paris Square) is one of Berlin’s most distinctive squares and occupies a unique place within the groundplan of the city. Its planning is attributed to Philipp Gerlach (1697-1738), the architect commissioned by Frederick William I to extend the city’s development westward, which had begun in 1688. In 1732, at the request of the “Soldier King”, Gerlach extended Friedrichstrasse to intersect with Lindenstrasse, where he laid out a circus (now . . . — Map (db m56361) HM
Germany, Sachsen-Anhalt (Mansfeld-Südharz District), Allstedt — Castle & Chateau AllstedtBurg & Schloss Allstedt
The impressive facility was built primarily in the period from the 15th-18th centuries. It was built instead of the former imperial palace Allstedt that nearly all early German rulers used as a temporary residence and governmental center from 935-1200. The significant main castle was extensively renovated in 1975 and expanded as a museum. In addition to exhibitions on the work of Thomas Müntzer and Johann Wolfgang von Goethe in Allstedt, there is cast Harz iron art and historically designed . . . — Map (db m73041) HM
Germany, Sachsen-Anhalt (Mansfeld-Südharz District), Allstedt — Castle Fountains / Burgbrunnen
In the literature on Allstedt, so far the only mention of a well located in the main castle comes from a speech at the end of the 18th century by Duke Carl August. In 1980/81 this well was discovered in the northwest portion of the patio and then exposed. An inspection by cavers found that the well shaft is unlikely to have ever had a continuous inflow of water. A fountain is already attested in 1504/05. But as incoming water was bad [intermittent?], by the early 16th century a . . . — Map (db m73078) HM
Germany, Sachsen-Anhalt (Mansfeld-Südharz District), Allstedt — North Wing / Ground FloorNordflügel / Erdgeschoß
The outer walls of the trench and the courtyard are probably from the 15th century, likewise is the pointed arch doorway. The oldest part is a tower-like building in the northeast corner. It is completely covered today and the only visible remnants are in the basement and ground floor (13th-14th centuries). The medieval structural fabric remains to the height of the upper floor. Cellar fixtures date from the mid-16th century, as the stonemasons' marks at the door of the cellar . . . — Map (db m73057) HM
Germany, Saxony-Anhalt (Mansfeld-Südharz District), Lutherstadt Eisleben — Altes Gymnasium
1563-1564 erbaut als „Fürnehme Lateinschule” auf Grund des „Luthervertrags” (1546), neu errichtet 1604 (nach Zerstörung bei Stadtbrand 1601). Hier wirkte der geistliche Liederdichter Martin Rinckart 1610/11. 1883 Umzug des Königlich-Preußischen Gymnasiums in das neue Schulgebäude am Schloßplatz. —————————— Built 1563-1564 as "Fürnehme Latin School" due to the "Luther Contract" (1546), rebuilt in 1604 (after . . . — Map (db m70314) HM
Germany, Saxony-Anhalt (Mansfeld-Südharz District), Lutherstadt Eisleben — City Seat of the Counts of Mansfeld-HinterortStadtsitz der Grafen von Mansfeld-Hinterort
Built in 1500 by Count Albrecht IV, 1570-1616 seat of the Superintendent Office and the Office of the Upper Eisleben, in 1609 abandoned as City Palace, from 1671 to 1992 the seat of important administrative institutions of the Mansfeld mining and smelting industry (Markt 56-58) —————————— 1500 unter Graf Albrecht IV. erbaut, 1570-1616 Sitz des Oberaufseheramtes und des Oberamtes Eisleben, 1609 als Stadtschloß aufgegeben, 1671 . . . — Map (db m70242) HM
Germany, Saxony-Anhalt (Mansfeld-Südharz District), Lutherstadt Eisleben — Martin Luther
[East Panel - An angel crushes Satan with the Shield of Truth - note the Luther Rose] [South Panel - Luther translates the Bible] [West Panel - Luther and his family sign hymns] [North Panel - The Leipzig Disputation between Luther and Johann Eck] [Dedicated 11 November 1883] — Map (db m70215) HM
Germany, Saxony-Anhalt (Mansfeld-Südharz District), Lutherstadt Eisleben — Residence of Richard WagnerAufenthalt von Richard Wagner
In this home, Richard Wagner stayed with his step-uncle, Master Goldsmith Carl Geyer, from 19 September 1822 for some time. —————————— In diesem Hause hielt sich Richard Wagner ab 19. September 1822 bei seinem Stiefonkel Goldschmiedemeister Carl Geyer eine Zeitlang auf. — Map (db m70213) HM
Germany, Saxony-Anhalt (Mansfeld-Südharz District), Lutherstadt Eisleben — Residence of Richard WagnerAufenthalt von Richard Wagner
In this house there was the goldsmith's workshop by Carl Geyer, the step-uncle of Richard Wagner, in which the great German composer stayed from early October 1821 until September 1822. —————————— In diesem Haus befand sich die Goldschmiedewerkstatt von Carl Geyer, dem Stiefonkel Richard Wagners, bei dem sich der groß deutsche Komponist von Anfang Oktober 1821 bis September 1822 aufhielt. — Map (db m70240) HM
Germany, Saxony-Anhalt (Mansfeld-Südharz District), Mansfeld-Lutherstadt — Luther Fountain / Lutherbrunnen
Ihrem großen Sohne der Stadt Mansfeld von Mansfeld aus begann der Weg des Reformators Dr. Martin Luther. 1913 vom dem Bildhauer Paul Juckoff aus Schkopau in Kalkstein und Bronze geschaffener Brunnenstock, Brunnen mit Denkmal. Dreiseitige Stele mit Darstellung der 3 entscheidenden Phassen seines Lebens. „Hinaus in die Welt" Abschied des 13 jährigen Luther aus Mansfeld, darüber Portät seiner Eltern. „Hinein in den Kampf" der Thesenanschlag an der Schlosskirche zu Wittenberg. . . . — Map (db m70372) HM
Germany, Saxony-Anhalt (Mansfeld-Südharz District), Mansfeld-Lutherstadt — Luthers Schule / Luther's School
Von 1488 - 96 besuchte Martin Luther diese Schule, wo er neben dem Schreiben, dem Singen und etwas Rechnen von allem Latein lernte. Die damals herrschenden Erziehungsmethoden haben sich dem Jungen unauslöslich eingeprägt. Diese Erlebnisse wurden ein Ausgangspunkt sowohl für eine moderative Erziehung der eigenen Kinder als auch für seine späteren Reformbemühungen im Schulwesen. —————————————— From . . . — Map (db m70368) HM
Germany, Saxony-Anhalt (Mansfeld-Südharz District), Mansfeld-Lutherstadt — Luthers Schule / Luther's School
In diesem hause hat Dr. Martin Luther geboren am 10. November 1483 seiner ersten schulunterricht erhalten. Gew. von Konsul Georg Kaiser Berlin —————————— This house is where Dr. Martin Luther born on November 10, 1483 received his first schooling Weight[?] of consul Georg Kaiser Berlin — Map (db m70371) HM
Germany, Saxony-Anhalt (Mansfeld-Südharz District), Mansfeld-Lutherstadt — Mansfeld Brunnen / Well
Dieser brunnen wurde bei Straßenbauarbeiten der Stadtkernsanierung im Jahr 2003 freigelegt und saniert. Er wurde im frühen 17. Jahrhundert angelegt. Die oberen 7m sind aus Sandsteinblocken gemauert. Darunter wurde der Brunnen in anstehenden Buntsandstein gehauen. Gesamttiefe: 23 m Wassertiefe: 15 m —————————— This well was uncovered during road construction work in the town center redevelopment in 2003 and renovated. It . . . — Map (db m70377) HM
Germany, Saxony-Anhalt (Mansfeld-Südharz District), Mansfeld-Lutherstadt — Mansfeld um / in 1560
nach einer Handskizze von Cyriakus Spangenberg [Stadtplan und Schlüssel] Material und Putzarbeiten gesonsert von Firma KNORR Bau GmbH Entwurf und Ausführung Günter Bormann und Siegfried Bösel —————————— after a hand sketch by Cyriacus Spangenberg [map and key] Material and plaster work provided by KNORR Bau GmbH Design and execution by Günter Bormann and Siegfried Bösel — Map (db m70367) HM
Germany, Saxony-Anhalt (Mansfeld-Südharz District), Mansfeld-Lutherstadt — Mittelalterliches StraßenpflasterMedieval Pavement
ausg. 17. Jahrhundert Fundort Mansfeld im Bereich Teichstraße Postplatz Rabentorstraße in einer Tiefe von ca. zwei Meter Sichergestellt bei der Stadtkernsanierung 2002/03 English translation: From the 17th Century. Found in Mansfeld in the area of Teich Street,the Post Square, Ravensgate Street, at a depth of approximately 2 meters. Preserved during the reconstruction of the city center 2002-03 — Map (db m70362) HM
Germany, Saxony-Anhalt (Mansfeld-Südharz District), Mansfeld-Lutherstadt — Scherren(original nach / by C. Spangenberg)
Im Volksmund später auch Murre genannt. Als Scherren bezeichnete man im Mittelalter Verkaufsstände an denen frische Lebensmittel gehandelt wurden. Dies waren vorwiegend Fleisch und Brot. Daher werden sie in der Chronik auch als Fleisch und Brotbänke bezeichnet. —————————— In the vernacular, later also called Murre. As one called Scherren in the Middle Ages Stalls, selling fresh food being traded. These were mainly . . . — Map (db m70363) HM
Germany, Saxony-Anhalt (Mansfeld-Südharz District), Mansfeld-Lutherstadt — St. George's, Martin Luther's Home ChurchSt. Georgs, die Heimatskirche Martin Luthers
Die Kirche St. Georg ist die Heimatskirche Martin Luthers und eine zentrale Erinnerungssätte für die städtische und territorial Reformationsgeschichte des Mansfelder Landes Die Anfänge der Kirche gehen in das 12./13. Jahrhundert zurück. Sie ist eine einschiffige spätgotische Hallenkirche, im Ursprung kreuzförmig angelegt. Die Turmbasis stammt aus romanischer Zeit. Die heutige Gestalt der Kirche geht Auf die Jahre 1497-1518 zurück. - eine exponierte Rolle in lokalgeschichtlicher . . . — Map (db m70342) HM
Germany, Saxony-Anhalt (Mansfeld-Südharz District), Mansfeld-Lutherstadt — War Memorial
Zur Erinnerung an die bedeutungsvollen Siegesjahre 1864 1866 1870-71 —————————— To commemorate the significant war years 1864 1866 1870-71 — Map (db m70340) WM
Germany, Saxony-Anhalt (Wittenberg District), Lutherstadt Wittenberg — 1556 Wittenberg Water System
1556 Wir danken den hier senannten grundern des alten jungfern-rohr wassers fur ihr noch heute bestehendes uneigennutziges werk Hieronymus Krapp • Christoph Kellner • Christoph Schramm • Lucas Cranach • Kaspar Pfreundt • Konrad Ruehel • Hans Lufft —————————— 1556 We thank the mentioned founders for their selfless efforts in developing the old maiden-tube water system existing today Hieronymus Krapp • Christoph Kellner • . . . — Map (db m69736) HM
Germany, Saxony-Anhalt (Wittenberg District), Lutherstadt Wittenberg — Christian Döring(unbek. - 1533)
Goldschmied, Verleger, Stadtkämmerer verlegte 1522 das Neue Testament —————————— Goldsmith, Publisher, City Treasurer in 1522 published the New Testament — Map (db m69783) HM
Germany, Saxony-Anhalt (Wittenberg District), Lutherstadt Wittenberg — Lucas Cranach der Ältere (1472-1553)
Zur Erinnerung an die Ankunft des Malers 1505 in Wittenberg Frijo Müller-Belecke, Hemmoor Bildhauerlehrling 1948 im Cranach-Hof Wittenberg Bronze, 2005 —————————— To commemorate the arrival of the painter in 1505 in Wittenberg Frijo Müller-Belecke, Hemmoor Sculptor Apprentice 1948 Cranach-Hof Wittenberg Bronze, 2005 — Map (db m69737) HM
Germany, Saxony-Anhalt (Wittenberg District), Lutherstadt Wittenberg — Mains Water Well on the Market SquareRöhrwasserbrunnen auf dem "Marktplatz"
The members of the union "New Jungfernröhrwasser", including Caspar Pfreundt und Christoff Niemeck, commissioned the construction of this water main in 1559. At the start there were 19 members. The water was taken from the spring area to the individual courtyards along a 2.7 km pipe, which used the natural downwards gradient of the terrain. The pipes were made of hollowed tree trunks, connected to each other using iron joints. Wells were constructed in different forms and using different . . . — Map (db m69874) HM
Germany, Saxony-Anhalt (Wittenberg District), Lutherstadt Wittenberg — Martin Luther House
Hier lebte und wirkte Dr. Martin Luther von 1508 bis 1546. —————————— Here lived and worked Dr. Martin Luther from 1508 to 1546. — Map (db m70061) HM
Germany, Saxony-Anhalt (Wittenberg District), Lutherstadt Wittenberg — Röhrwasserbrunnen in the/im "Lutherhof"
The members of the union "Old Jungfernröhrwasser", including Lucas Cranach the Younger and Hans Lufft, commissioned the construction of these water mains in 1556. There were 20 members at the start. The water was taken from the spring area to the individual courtyards along a 2.7 km pipe, which used the natural downwards gradient of the terrain. The pipes were made of hollowed tree trunks, connected to each other using iron joints. Wells were constructed in different forms and using . . . — Map (db m70033) HM
Germany, Saxony-Anhalt (Wittenberg District), Lutherstadt Wittenberg — The Augusteum / Das Augusteum
The Augusteum was built between 1564 and 1586 under the auspices of August I., Elector of Saxony. This building fulfilled various purposes for the Leucorea, Wittenberg's University. It was used as the medical faculty's institute for anatomy, as university library and for student accommodation, as well as an assembly hall. The Protestant Seminary, established in 1817, has always been located in this building and still today serves the practical education of pastors for their work in the . . . — Map (db m69999) HM
Germany, Saxony-Anhalt (Wittenberg District), Lutherstadt Wittenberg — The Castle Gate, also called Coswig GateDas Schlosstor, auch Coswiger Tor genannt
When Martin Luther came to Wittenberg in 1508 he saw three mighty gates around the heavily fortified town. At this place was the Castle Gate in 1508. In front of this gate was the Castle suburb. In 1805, Alexander I., Emperor of Russia, was in Wittenberg. He was welcomed here by the chamber knight and chief forester von Erdmannsdorf as well as by the Prince of Dessau-Anhalt (Father Franz). Delegations of the Council of Wittenberg and of the university were also welcomed by the Emperor. In . . . — Map (db m69888) HM
Germany, Saxony-Anhalt (Wittenberg District), Lutherstadt Wittenberg — The Elbe Gate / Das Elbtor
When Martin Luther came to Wittenberg in 1508 he saw three mighty gates around the heavily fortified town. At this place in 1508 was the Elbe Gate. In front of this gate was the Elbe suburb. In 1829 the Princess Auguste of Saxony-Weimar came through this gate into the town. She was a guest of the commander of the fortress and on her way to her marriage with Prince Wilhelm of Prussia. In 1873 the destruction of the gate started. . . . — Map (db m70145) HM
Germany, Saxony-Anhalt (Wittenberg District), Lutherstadt Wittenberg — The Elster Gate / Das Elstertor
When Martin Luther came to Wittenberg in 1508 he saw three mighty gates around the heavily fortified town. At this place in 1508 was the Elster Gate. In front of this gate was the Elster suburb. On February 22, 1546, the body of Martin Luther was met by his wife Katharina and his children, the professors of the university, the council of the town and the citizens of Wittenberg. From here in a festive procession to his funeral at the Castle Church was accompanied by the ringing of bells. . . . — Map (db m70143) HM
Germany, Saxony-Anhalt (Wittenberg District), Lutherstadt Wittenberg — The Leucorea University / Die Universität Leucorea
In 1502 Elector Frederick the Wise founded the old Wittenberg University under the name "Leucorea" as the first sovereign university. The Pope acknowledged it in 1507. Martin Pollich von Mellerstedt, the Elector's personal physician, was the university's first rector. The Leucorea University attained European significance during the Reformation Movement. Martin Luther lectured here as a professor for biblical exegesis from 1512 onwards; Philipp Melanchthon was appointed in 1518. An . . . — Map (db m69969) HM
Germany, Saxony-Anhalt (Wittenberg District), Lutherstadt Wittenberg — The Luther House / Das Lutherhaus
The Luther House was originally a monastery built for Augustinian Hermits between 1504 and 1507. Martin Luther entered the monastery as a monk in 1508. The monastery was dispersed in 1522 during the course of the Reformation Movement. The Renaissance building was given to Luther in 1532 by the Elector John the Steadfast. Here Martin Luther, his wife Katharina von Bora and there [sic] children have lived for many years. They gave the students board and lodging. Until 1816 the building . . . — Map (db m70054) HM
Germany, Saxony-Anhalt (Wittenberg District), Lutherstadt Wittenberg — The Melanchthon House / Das Melanchthonhaus
This building was erected in 1536 for Philipp Schwarzerdt, one of the most significant German humanists and reformers, better known as Philipp Melanchthon. Melanchthon's family owned the house until 1604. The three-storeyed gabled house has round arched niches as seats on both sides of the entrance; these can also be seen at the door to the Luther House In 1967 a memorial of Philipp Melanchthon was opened in this house. To Melanchthon's 500th birthday in 1997, the house was restored . . . — Map (db m69974) HM
Germany, Saxony-Anhalt (Wittenberg District), Lutherstadt Wittenberg — Wilhelm Eduard Weber(1804 - 1891)
Erfinder des electromagnet. Telegraphen Geburtshaus —————————— Inventor of the electro-magnetic telegraph Birthplace — Map (db m69820) HM
Germany, Saxony-Anhalt (Wittenberg District), Lutherstadt Wittenberg — 4 — Wilhelm-Weber-Haus
Education on the Campus The alterations to the Wilhelm Weber House as part of International Building Exhibition Urban Redevelopment 2010 are creating a place for dialogue between academia, business, politics and the public. The building dates back to the 16th century. In 1556, the town council installed a system of water pipes, to which the property was connected. The archway forming the entrance was also built at this time, although the doors were added in the 18th century. Since . . . — Map (db m69829) HM
Germany, Saxony-Anhalt (Wittenberg District), Lutherstadt Wittenberg — Wittenberg's Water-Piping SystemWittenberger Röhrwasser
Wittenberg's Water-Piping System a technical monument from the 16th century 1n 1556 a group of distinguished local residents (Hieronymus Krapp, Christoff Kelner, Hans Lufft, Lucas Cranach, Caspar Pfreundt, Conradt Rühel and Christoff Schramm) formed a "Piping Union" in order to have water mains constructed. This water supply system later became known as the "Old Maiden Water Piping System" (Altes Jungfernröhrwasser). The water was piped in hollowed tree trunks connected with iron . . . — Map (db m69913) HM
Greece, Attica Periphery, Athens — The Acropolis of Athens — [UNESCO World Heritage Site]
[Marker text printed in both Greek and English scripts:] The Acropolis and its monuments, universal symbols of the classical spirit and culture, form the greatest architectural and artistic whole that Greek Antiquity has bequeathed to the world. The most famous of these buildings were erected during the second half of the 5th century B.C., when Athens, with her victory over the Persians, and the establishment of the truest direct Democracy the world has ever seen, was leader . . . — Map (db m43648) HM
Greece, Thera Municipality (Santorini), Fira — Santorini Cable Car
IΔPYMA ΛOYΛAΣ KAI EYAΓΓEΛOY NOMIKOY TEΛEΦEPIK ΣANTOPINH Σ ΔΩPEA TOY IΔPYTH ΣTIΣ 14 KOINOTHTEΣ TOY NHΣIOY Loulas and Evangelos Nomikos Foundation Santorini’s Cable Car Gift of the founder to the 14 communities of the island — Map (db m43315) HM
Ireland, Connacht (County Galway), Inishmore, Aran Islands — Dún Aonghus
This, one of the finest prehistoric fortresses in Western Europe, consists of three dry-stone ramparts, and the remains of a fourth, the outermost of which encloses an area of 11 acres. Outside the second rampart there is a 30 foot band of upright stones forming a defensive band or “chevaux de frise.” Considerable alterations were made in the 19th century when the buttresses in the inside wall were erected. Tá sé seo ar cheann de na dúnta réamh-stairiúla is breátha in . . . — Map (db m25053) HM
Ireland, Connacht (County Mayo), Althore — Srahwee or Altóir Megalithic Wedge TombClew Bay Archaeological Trail site 13Slí Seandálaíochta Chuan Módh
Sraith Bhuí – The Yellow River Land This is one of the finest megalithic tombs in Ireland. This particular example is a wedge tomb, so-called because of its shape, wider and higher at the entrance and gradually tapering towards the rear. This type of tomb dates to the beginning of the Bronze Age (about 2,000 BC), when there was a final flourish of tomb building in Ireland. The flat roof stone was used as an altar during Penal times, giving the tomb its local name, . . . — Map (db m28063) HM
Ireland, Connacht (County Mayo), Cloonlaur — Bunlahinch ClapperbridgeClew Bay Archaeological Trail site 14Slí Seandálaíochta Chuan Módh
Bún na hInes - Bottom of the River Meadow This clapperbridge is a very unusual feature in the West of Ireland. The word clapper originally meant plank in the Sussex area of England, where there are many examples. Clapperbridges are a pre-historic form of stone-built bridge. The basic structure consists of small stone piers or pillars, which are spanned by flat stone slabs or planks. They were designed to cross wide, flat streams and rivers, as seen here, and used as footbridges. . . . — Map (db m28058) HM
Ireland, Connacht (County Mayo), Cong — Monk's Fishing House / Teach Iascaigh na Manach
Monk's Fishing House Fish was a staple in the diet of the mediaeval monastery, and this small building, probably built in the 15th or 16th century, is believed to have been used by the monks of Cong to make the task of catching fish a little easier. It is built on a platform of stones over a small arch water from the river to flow underneath the floor. A trapdoor in the floor may have been used for a net, and monks could sit by the small fireplace in cold weather waiting for their . . . — Map (db m28068) HM
Ireland, Connacht (County Mayo), Killeen — Killeen Graveyard and Cross SlabClew Bay Archaeological Trail site 15Slí Seandálaíochta Chuan Módh
This graveyard is now in the area known as Killeen. There is no trace of the early Christian church but there is a circular raised platform within the graveyard which could indicate where the original church stood. Tradition has it that if a person found guilty of any crime placed a finger in the keyhole of the church door, he/she would be let go free. In the graveyard, there is a large standing stone, leaning precariously, which was christianised during the seventh century with a Maltese . . . — Map (db m28056) HM
Ireland, Connacht (County Mayo), Moneen — Lime Kiln, Moneen,Clew Bay Archaeological Trail site 11Slí Seandálaíochta Chuan Módh
Móinín - Small Bog Lime Kilns date from the 18th century and were used until the 1940s in some areas. By lighting fires in these kilns and adding crushed limestone, lime was produced for use as fertiliser in the fields and also for whitewashing cottages. Most of the lime kilns around the country have been destroyed and only rare examples survive. This site survives in its entirety and is as fine an example of its type to be found in the area. Tornóg Aoil - Móinín Tosaíodh ag . . . — Map (db m27989) HM
Ireland, Connacht (County Mayo), Murrisk — Murrisk Abbey / National Famine Monument / Statue of St PatrickClew Bay Archaeological Trail sites 6, 7, 8Slí Seandálaíochta Chuan Módh
Murrisk Abbey • site 6 Muraisc - Sea Marsh Murrisk Abbey was founded circa 1456 by the Augustinian Friars because “the inhabitants of those parts have not hitherto been instructed in their faith.” It quickly became the preferred starting point for pilgrimages up Croagh Patrick. Before then, pilgrims approached the mountain from AnTóchar Phádraig, which starts in Aughagower. The ruins consist of an L-shaped building representing the long and narrow . . . — Map (db m27757) HM
Ireland, Connacht (County Mayo), Murrisk — Murrisk Friary / Mainistir Mhuraisce
Murrisk - from Muraisc (Sea-marsh) Murrisk Friary This small house of Augustinian friars, located here on the south shore of Clew Bay in the shadow of Croagh Patrick, was founded in 1457 by Hugh O'Malley. It was dedicated to St Patrick, some of whose relics were preserved here. The only surviving buildings are the small church and the range of domestic buildings which bordered the cloister on its east side - the chapter house below, where the friars met to . . . — Map (db m27587) HM
Ireland, Connacht (County Mayo), Murrisk — National Famine MemorialCuimhneachán Náisiúnta ar an nGorta Mór
To honour the memory of all who died, suffered and emigrated due to the Great Famine of 1845 - 1850, and the victims of all famines. The Memorial was unveiled by the President of Ireland, Mary Robinson, on 20 July 1997. I gcuimhna ar an daoine go léir a fuair bás, a d'fhulaing agus a chuaigh ar an imirce de dheasca Ghorta Mór 1845 - 1850 agus ar gach uile dhuine i ngátar de dheasca gorta. Uachtarán na nÉireann, Máire Mhic Róibín, a nocht an Cuimhneachán ar an 20 . . . — Map (db m27583) HM
Ireland, Connacht (County Roscommon), Ballyconboy — 988:1272 — Cruachan / Cruachain (Rathmore)
Cruachan is traditionally said to be the inauguration place of the Kings of Connacht. There are a number of monuments spread over an area of about two square miles. These include a large mound, a number of differently-shaped enclosures and some ring-forts. One of these contains a standing stone alleged to mark the resting place of the last pagan king of Ireland. De réir an tseanchais is ag Cruachain a dhéantaí Ríthe Chonnacht a ghairm. Tá roinnt séadchomharthaí scaipthe ar fud achar dhá . . . — Map (db m28192) HM
Ireland, Connacht (County Roscommon), Rathmoyle — Rathmoyle Cemetery
Rathmoyle Cemetery is unique in that it is the property of the parish and is maintained solely by the local population. The site appeas on the 1st edition of the 6 inch O.S. series of maps for Co. Roscommon as a Mortuary Chapel with surrounding graveyard. It is mentioned in the 1837 O.S. Map. The site was presented as a gift to the area by the local gentry, the Irwin's, in 1921 and has since been used as a local cemetery. The surrounding wall was constructed in the 1930's through . . . — Map (db m28204) HM
Ireland, Leinster (County Dublin), Dublin — Haslam Memorial Seat
In 1925 a finely sculptured garden seat of Kilkenny limestone was placed in the park and inscribed on the back - “Anna Marie, 1829 - 1922 and Thomas Haslam, 1825 - 1917. This seat is erected in commemoration [sic - ‘honour’] of their long years of public service, chiefly devoted to the enfranchisement of women." [From Monuments of St. Stephen's Green marker found in the park] — Map (db m22485) HM
Ireland, Leinster (County Dublin), Dublin — Jeremiah O'Donovan Rossa / Ó Donnabháin Rosa(1831 - 1915)
Ni dhéanfaidh gáeil bhearmao orc go brách [Gaelic transcription is best effort] ——— Erected in 1954. An uncut rock of Wicklow granite symbolises the patriot's unbreakable spirit. Into the rock is set a plaque bearing an impression of O'Donovan Rossa's head. — Map (db m25316) HM
Ireland, Leinster (County Dublin), Dublin — Lord Ardilaun
Prior to 1877 St. Stephen's Green was a private square for the use of the residents of the Green. In that year, through the generosity of Sir Arthur Edward Guinness (Lord Ardilaun) negotiations were concluded for converting it into a public park. Lord Ardilaun paid off debts against the park and invested an additional £20,000 in laying out the grounds as a park and garden. The bronze statue of Lord Ardilaun was erected by public subscriptions in 1892. ——— The Right . . . — Map (db m25311) HM
Ireland, Leinster (County Dublin), Dublin — Robert Emmet(1778 - 1803)
Presented to the People of Ireland by The Robert Emmet Statue Committee of the United States of America April 13, 1966 Francis J. Kane, Chairman Ambassador Scott McLeod Devlin W. Dormer, Esq. Hon. Michael J. Kirwan, M.C. Hon. Thomas P. O'Neill, M.C. Hon. Daniel J. Flood, M.C. Hon. John E. Fogarty, M.C. N. Mike Devlin, Esq. The statue, erected in 1968, in a small enclave on the west side of the park faces the house in which Robert Emmet was born (now . . . — Map (db m25304) HM
Ireland, Leinster (County Dublin), Dublin — St. Stephen's Green Bandstand
Erected in 1887 from funds subscribed by the Dublin Metropolitan Police to commemorate Queen Victoria's Jubilee. [From the Monuments of St. Stephen's Green marker found in the park.] — Map (db m22483) HM
Ireland, Leinster (County Dublin), Dublin — The "Three Fates"
This fountain, erected in 1956, is situated near the Leeson Street entrance to the park. It consists of a group of three bronze figures – Nornenbrunnen, representing the Three Fates, who weave and measure the thread of man's destiny. The monument was the gift of the German Federal Republic to mark its appreciation of the help and generosity of the Irish people during the time of distress and hardship after the Second World War. The work was designed by the Bavarian Sculptor, Professor . . . — Map (db m25306) HM
Ireland, Leinster (County Dublin), Dublin — Theobald Wolfe Tone(1763-98)
An Irish patriot convicted of treason. He died mysteriously in prison in November 1798. The memorial consists of a ten-foot figure of Wolfe Tone backed by a wall of rough granite columns of varying width and rising to 16 feet in height. Behind the granite columns is a group of bronze figures that symbolize the past unhappy subjugation of the Irish people. This group represents the cause for which Tone sacrificed his life. He was thirty-five years old. The memorial was unveiled by President de Valera in 1967. — Map (db m25303) HM
Ireland, Leinster (County Dublin), Dublin — William Butler Yeats(1865 - 1939)
“He may be regarded as the pivot around which Irish literature turned from instinctive to conscious art.” (George W. Russell). The memorial, erected in [October] 1967, is a tribute in bronze by Henry Moore, the sculptor. — Map (db m27039) HM
Ireland, Leinster (County Fingal), Howth — Howth Abbey, St. Marys / "Mainistir" Bhinn Éadair
Howth Abbey, St. Marys Sigtrygg, King of Dublin, founded the first church here in 1042. When this church was amalgamated with another on Ireland's Eye in 1235, it was re-founded by Luke, Archbishop of Dublin. Much of the present church dates from the 15th and 16th centuries. In the southeastern corner is a chantry containing the tomb of Christopher St. Laurence, carved around 1470, with the effigy of the Knight and his wife on top. Surrounding the tomb can be seen representations of the . . . — Map (db m27205) HM
Ireland, Leinster (County Fingal), Howth — Howth The Village / Binn Éadair ______The Fingal Way / Sli Fhine Gall
A Fishing Village References to the fishing industry in Howth can be found from the twelfth century, although in the seventeenth century the port was also known in the area as a base for pirates roaming Dublin Bay. In Elizabethan times a wooden quay was built but as vessel size increased the importance of Howth for goods and passenger traffic declined. In the nineteenth century various plans were put forward for a harbour at Howth and in 1807 construction commenced using stone quarried . . . — Map (db m27057) HM
Ireland, Leinster (County Fingal), Howth — The Ready Boat PillarSculpted by Seán O'Dwyer
Seeing the meaning When viewing a piece of sculpture one can see many different layers of meaning. The clues given here are only the first layer of meaning and are meant only as a gateway through which you can go on your way to see meanings of your own. All local stories, myths and legends are preserved to carry a message. Howth has a wonderful past and from it certain themes emerge.... exploration, conflict, healing and preservation. I have depicted figures in the Ready Boat Pillar . . . — Map (db m25301) HM
Ireland, Leinster (County Laois), Borris In Ossory — Millenium Fountain
The threshold and other rough stone was salvaged from one of the last thatched houses in the village. It was demolished in the year 2000. — Map (db m24721) HM
Ireland, Leinster (County Louth), Monasterboice — Monasterboice / Mainistir Bhuithe
Monasterboice — from Mainistir Bhuithe (the Monastery of Buithe) This is the only early Irish monastery whose name incorporates the Irish word mainistir. Monasterboice was founded by St Buite, who died around 520. The monastery was an important centre of spirituality and learning for many centuries until the Cistercians arrived at nearby Mellifont in 1142. The two churches which stand on the site today were probably built no earlier than the end of the 14th . . . — Map (db m24628) HM
Ireland, Leinster (County Louth), Monasterboice — 98 — The South Church / An Teampall Theas
At one time a church consisting of nave and chancel stood on this site. In the 13th century re-edification the west gable was moved back to add over two feet to the nave. The chancel having by this time disappeared, the plain round arch in the east gable was built up to give a single-roomed building. —————— Bhí tráth ar an láthair seo teampall ina raibh méánlann agus caingeal. Nuair a hathógadh é sa 13ú aois bogadh an bhinn thiar amach le 2'4" a chur leis an meánlann. — Map (db m24717) HM
Ireland, Leinster (County Meath), Donaghmore — Donaghmore Church and Round TowerDomhnach Mór agus Cloightheach
Donaghmore Church and Round Tower A monastery was reputedly founded here in the 5th century by St Patrick, who placed it in the care of St Cassán, whose relics were venerated here. The Round Tower was not built until the 11th or 12th century. It is well-preserved, but its upper part was badly restored in 1841 - the four windows which normally face North, South, East and West from the top of Round Towers are not found here, and the stone at the top of its roof is missing. . . . — Map (db m22542) HM
Ireland, Leinster (County Meath), Duleek — Connell's HouseDuleek Heritage Trail
Close to the Courthouse along the western perimeter of the village green is Connell's House, the oldest house in Duleek. This building was in existence at the time of the famous Battle of the Boyne in 1690. — Map (db m24793) HM
Ireland, Leinster (County Meath), Duleek — Parochial HouseDuleek Heritage Trail
The original house was built in 1795. It was built in three stages and was acquired by Fr John Kearney to accommodate the parish priest and the curate. It was re-roofed in 1993 and presides over the very elegant village green. At the back of the house are substantial stables and other outoffices which in earlier times were used for parish animals. These were built in 1898 and in more recent times have been refurbished as meeting rooms for parish groups and community activity. — Map (db m24801) HM
Ireland, Leinster (County Meath), Kells — Headfort PlaceKells Heritage Trail
Headfort Place was purposely widened and lined with trees in the 18th century to make it a suitable setting for its attractive Georgian houses. It is also here that a site for a parish church was donated to the Roman Catholic community by Lord Bective. The original site of the church is in the area near the present church's carpark. — Map (db m27339) HM
Ireland, Leinster (County Meath), Kells — Kells Courthouse
The courthouse, built in 1801, was designed by the prominent Irish architect Francis Johnston. Johnston also designed the General Post Office and Nelson's Pillar in Dublin, and Townley Hall, County Louth. A Vantage Point to the Past Several important landmarks of Kells recent history can be seen from this vantage point in front of the courthouse. Located to the west of the courthouse we find Headfort Place - a wide, tree-lined avenue of Georgian houses - the Headfort estate agent's . . . — Map (db m27340) HM
Ireland, Leinster (County Meath), Kells — Kells Round TowerKells Heritage Trail
This tower is located on the grounds of St Columba's church and was built in the 10th century as part of the early Christian monastery. Such towers were referred to as a cloigteach meaning bell tower. Modelled on early Italian belfries, they were used as lookout towers and as places of refuge during attack, particularly from Norse invaders. The tower is ninety feet high from the original street level to the base of its roof and has six floors but no internal staircase. Access to the upper . . . — Map (db m26440) HM
Ireland, Leinster (County Meath), Kells — Market CrossKells Heritage Trail
This 9th century high cross, the cross of the gate of the Kells monastery, is one of five high crosses still surviving in Kells. The cross of the gate, currently at or near its original site, was a termon cross and signified that a fugitive could claim sanctuary once inside the boundary of the monastic area. The carved faces of the high crosses depict scenes from the Old and New Testament and were used primarily for the religious instruction of the faithful. These scenes may originally have . . . — Map (db m27341) HM
Ireland, Leinster (County Meath), Kells — St Columba's ChurchKells Heritage Trail
Diarmuld MacCarroll, High King of Tara, is said to have granted the dun of Cenannus to St Columcille in the 6th century for the purpose of establishing a monastery. This may explain why in 804 the Columban community on the island of Iona (Hebrides), then the principal Columban monastery, moved to Kells to escape the reaches of Norse raiding parties. St Columba's church stands on the site of the original Columban monastery. It became a cathedral church 1152 when the diocese of Kells was . . . — Map (db m26444) HM
Ireland, Leinster (County Meath), Loyd — Kells Union Workhouse Paupers' Graveyard
Erected to the memory of the poor interred here during the operation of the English Poor Law System. 1838 - 1921. R. I. P. In the immediate aftermath of the Great ‘Famine’, this mass burial place was opened in 1851 for the poor people of the Kells District. Their memory challenges us to end the scandal of hunger in today's world of plenty. AFrI Great “Famine” Project Erected 9th October 1993 “Famine is a lie” Brian . . . — Map (db m27326) HM
Ireland, Leinster (County Meath), Loyd — Spire of LoydKells Heritage Trail
The tower, a mock lighthouse, was erected in 1791 by the First Earl of Bective in memory of his father Sir Thomas Taylor. The architect was Henry Baker who completed the design of the Kings Inns in Dublin after Gandon. The tower has an internal spiral stone staircase and was used in the 19th century to view the horseracing and the hunt. A section of land adjoining the tower was given to the Kells Union Workhouse in 1851 to be used as a paupers' graveyard. A famine road existed between the . . . — Map (db m27324) HM
Ireland, Leinster (County Meath), Newgrange — Knowth / Cnogbha
Within the great mound of Knowth there are two passage-tombs and around it, eighteen satellite tombs. The site remained a focal point for over 4,000 years. There is evidence of occupation from 3,000 B.C. to 1,200 A.D. This project has been part-financed by the European Regional Development Fund — Map (db m27219) HM
Ireland, Leinster (County Meath), Newgrange — The Woodhenge/Pit circle / The Winter Soltice
The Woodhenge/Pit circle If you were here 4000 years ago in the Early Bronze Age you would be standing inside a large wooden enclosure. The passage tomb was no longer in use at this time but the site was still a focal point for ritual and celebration. Because the enclosure was made of wood, it hasn't survived above ground. However, evidence of it was found by archaeologists. They found postholes where the huge wooden stakes had been. They also found pits where small animals had been . . . — Map (db m22522) HM
Ireland, Leinster (County Meath), Slane — Slane AbbeyMainistir Shláine
Slane Abbey It is believed that in 433 AD, the first Christian missionary to Ireland, later known as St. Patrick, lit a large celebration fire here on the Hill of Slane. Soon after St Patrick, a monastery associated with St Earc was built on the site. But we know little of its history until the church was rebuilt in its present form in 1512, when Sir Christopher Fleming founded a Franciscan friary. The church was built to a simple plan but it has a fine bell tower; the aisle to the . . . — Map (db m22533) HM
Ireland, Leinster (County Meath), Trim — Newtowntrim Cathedral / Ardeaglais an Bhaile NuaCathedral of Saints Peter and Paul — Ardeaglais nPheadair agus nPhóil
The priory of Newtowntrim was founded in 1202 by Simon de Rochfort, Bishop of Meath, for a community of Augustinian canons (priests). As well as functioning as part of the monastery, the church became the cathedral for the diocese of Meath after Simon petitioned the Pope to transfer his cathedral from Clonard to this site, where it could be protected by the great Norman castle at Trim. The Cathedral of Saints Peter and Paul was one of the largest and most sophisticated churches built in . . . — Map (db m27240) HM
Ireland, Leinster (County Offaly), Birr — The world's first automobile fatalityhappened here on 31 August 1869
Shortly after 8:00pm that evening a pioneering steam carriage designed and built by William Parsons, the Third Earl of Rosse, left the castle gates and drove at walking pace along Oxmantown Mall before turning the corner into Cumberland (now Emmet) Street. The Kings County Chronicle of the following day records what then befell: APPALLING ACCIDENT DEATH OF THE HON. MRS. WARD On yesterday the people of Parsonstown were much excited and grieved at a sad accident which occurred in the . . . — Map (db m33198) HM
Ireland, Munster (County Clare), Kilfenora — Historic Kilfenora / Cill Fhionnúrach Stairiúil
Historic Kilfenora The monastery of Kilfenora or Chill Fhionnúrach (the church of the white brow) is said to have been founded in the 6th century by St. Fachnan. The outline of the early monastic circular enclosure can still be traced in the curve of the roads to the south and west of the cathedral. The early history of the site is obscure, with the first historical reference occurring in 1055 when the stone church at the site was burned. The material remains, in particular the group . . . — Map (db m23694) HM
Ireland, Munster (County Kerry), Fahan — Dunbeg Promontory Fort / An Dún Beag
Dunbeg Promontory Fort This Promontory Fort consists of four fosses (ditches) and five mounds. Behind this we have the terraced dry-stone masonry rampart, originally straight but which became curved during later construction work. The entrance is roofed and flanked by two guardrooms. The inner part of the wall is the older, the outer portion being added later to strengthen it. Inside the Fort are the remains of a large Clochaun, internally square on plan. There is a water drain around . . . — Map (db m24780) HM
Ireland, Munster (County Kerry), Listowel — "River Fort"
This sculpture was designed by local councillor and craftsman Tony O'Callaghan The “Standing Stone” illustrates the River Feale which flows around our town. The “Ring” depicts an earthen fort situated in the vicinity of the town from which the town got its name Lios Tuathail (Listowel). — Map (db m23989) HM
Ireland, Munster (County Kerry), Listowel — Maid of Erin
Work of local man Pat McAuliffe 1846-1921 — Map (db m23698) HM
Ireland, Munster (County Kerry), Reask — Reask Monastic Site / Láthair Mhainistreach an Riaisc
Reask - from An Riasc (the marsh). This important early monastery was probably founded in the 6th century. Little is known of the history of the site. The enclosing wall is roughly circular and its interior is divided by a curving wall into two parts. In the eastern part is the oratory (a small church) which was made - like all the other buildings on the site - with dry-stone walls with a corbelled roof; no mortar was used to hold the walls together. Besides . . . — Map (db m24147) HM
Ireland, Ulster (County Donegal), Burt — Grianan Ailligh / Grianán Ailigh
This large stone-walled fort, located on a hilltop commanding views over Loughs Foyle and Swilly and counties Donegal, Derry and Tyrone, was the royal citadel of the northern Uí Néill from the 5th to the 12th century. It was probably built some time around the birth of Christ. Its builders may have been attracted to this hilltop site by the presence here of a sacred monument - a prehistoric burial mound or tumulus, possibly from the Neolithich period (about 3000 BC). A lintelled . . . — Map (db m71458) HM
Ireland, Ulster (County Donegal), Carrick — Carrick / An Charraig
In 1907 a young woman from Carrick, who had emigrated to America was at the centre of a national controversy. Mary Cunningham worked as a domestic servant for the famous sculptor Augustus Saint-Gaudins in New Hampshire. It was claimed that Saint-Gaudins used Mary as the model for the new ten-dollar gold coin. At a time when there was still prejudice against the Irish, this caused a national uproar. The critics seemed to have ignored the fact that Saint-Gaudins was himself an Irishman. . . . — Map (db m72266) HM
Ireland, Ulster (County Donegal), Donegal Town — Donegal Castle
Built in 1474 by Hugh O'Donnell. Destroyed in 1595 by Red Hugh O'Donnell to prevent seizure by the British. Rebuilt circa 1614 by Sir Basil Brook. [Top view drawing showing evolution of the castle in] 15th century, 17th century, Modern — Map (db m71569) HM
Ireland, Ulster (County Donegal), Donegal Town — 6 — Donegal Castle / Caisleán Dhún na nGall
Donegal Castle was built by Red Hugh O'Donnell, the young 'Eagle of the North', in the late 15th Century beside the River Eske. During the Plantation of Ulster that followed 'The Flight of the Earls' in 1607, the Castle, historic home of the O'Donnell's, was granted to Captain Basil Brooke who came to Ireland with the English Army in 1598 and fought in Munster. It is generally accepted that Red Hugh O'Donnell, who was proclaimed "The O'Donnell' in 1592, burned the castle to prevent it . . . — Map (db m71570) HM
Ireland, Ulster (County Donegal), Donegal Town — Donegal Friary / Mainistir Dhún na nGall
Donegal Friary was founded for the Franciscan Friars in 1474 by the first Red Hugh O'Donnell and his wife Nuala O'Brien. It survived until it was plundered by the English in 1588. Four years later, they in turn were driven out by the second Red Hugh (who left Ireland shortly after the battle of Kinsale in 1602), and the friars repaired the buildings. In 1601, during a siege of the friary by English forces - commanded by the renegade Niall Garbh O'Donnell - gunpowder stores exploded and . . . — Map (db m71608) HM
Ireland, Ulster (County Donegal), Donegal Town — 175 — The Franciscan Friary of Donegal
Founded 1474 and richly endowed by the Lady Nuala O'Connor and the Lady Nuala O'Brien, wives of successive O'Donnell chieftains. The Friary followed the usual Franciscan layout of church on the south side, with cloisters and conventual buildings to the north. Its present ruinous state dates from 1601 when it was turned into a fortress by Niall Garbh O'Donnell and his English allies and besieged by Red Hugh. Donegal Friary and its possessions were confiscated in 1607 following the . . . — Map (db m71600) HM
Ireland, Ulster (County Donegal), Letterkenny — Gallaghers Cottage
At this point once stood the home place of the late Jimmy Gallagher, his wife and family. Jimmy who was an employee of the County Donegal Railway, was a guard on the Letterkenny to Strabane train, when on 11th August 1941, he was fatally injured in a rail accident about 2 miles from Letterkenny. His son Patrick started to work on the railway after his father died, starting as an engine cleaner, then to fireman and finally engine driver. He had the distinction of driving the last steam train . . . — Map (db m71478) HM
Ireland, Ulster (County Donegal), Letterkenny — The Cathedral Square
St. Eunan's Cathedral Work began on Saint Eunan and Saint Colmcille's Catholic Cathedral in 1890. It was designed by William Hague. It is built of white stone from Mountcharles and cost £300,000. The ceilings are the work of Amici of Rome, while the wonderful stained glass windows, which illuminate the Sanctuary and the Lady Chapel, are by the Mayer firm of Munich. The carvings show stories from the lives of Saint Eunan and Colmcille. It was dedicated in 1901. The spire stands at 212 . . . — Map (db m71548) HM
Ireland, Ulster (County Donegal), Slieve League — Signal Towers / Túir ComharthaíochtaWalking Through Donegal — Ag Siúl Tríd Dhún na nGall
Signal Towers can be found all around the coast of Ireland and date from the period around 1800. They were built as an early warning system to guard against invasion by France during the reign of Napoleon Bonaparte. Located on headlands, which had good views of the surrounding sea, they were in sight of similar installations to allow signaling between them. The tower visible here at Carrigan Head was built around 1805. Tá Túir Comharthaíochta le fail thart ar chósta uile na h-Éireann . . . — Map (db m71669) HM
Ireland, Ulster (County Monaghan), Clones — Clones Round Tower, Cross and ChurchCros, Eaglais agus Cloigtheach Chluain Eois
These features were part of a monastery founded by St Tighearnach at the beginning of the 6th century. The 10th or 11th century Round Tower, the monastery's bell-tower, is the oldest surviving building on the site. Close by, in the graveyard, is a stone shrine, shaped like a church, with a worn carving of a bishop at one end. It is known as St Tighearnach's Shrine, and was probably erected in the 12th century. The head and shaft of the High Cross which now stands in the centre of the town . . . — Map (db m72654) HM
Ireland, Ulster (County Monaghan), Clones — High Cross / Ardchros Cluain EoisClones - Historic Town / Cluain Eois, Baile Scairiúil
This is a 10th century Ulster Scripture Cross. Cap-stone, Head & Shaft are all from different periods. However, the main shaft is dated as above. Originally a termon or boundary cross marking monastic lands limit. Also used as a teaching aid by the monks. Picture Panels depict New and Old Testament scenes. Crosses may have been of timber construction before coming of Vikings. Picture panels. Read from bottom to top. New Testament - Adoration of Magi, Wedding Feast of Cana, Loaves & . . . — Map (db m73258) HM
Ireland, Ulster (County Monaghan), Clones — Round Tower / Cloigtheach Chluain EoisClones - Historic Town / Cluain Eois, Baile Scairiúil
One of the earliest examples of a round Tower. Probably built in the 10th century. The base shows evidence of attempts to destroy by burning. The Tower lost its conical cap between 1591 and 1741. Four top windows face the cardinal points. Old Irish name "Cloig Teach" meaning Bell House refers to original use. Present height of Tower approx. 70ft. Circumference 50ft. Wall Thickness 3ft.-6in. Height of door 5ft.-4.5in. Originally 5 floors carried on offsets & joists. Single window . . . — Map (db m73266) HM
Ireland, Ulster (County Monaghan), Clones — The Sarcophagus / Sarcofagas Thighearnaigh NaofaClones - Historic Town / Cluain Eois, Baile Scairiúil
Twelfth century representation of an early Christian Church. Carved from a single block of sandstone. Originally made to contain a relic possibly of Saint Tiernach. Carving on surface severely weathered. Position of Sarcophagus probably in the area of the high Altar of the "Great Church of Clones" which was demolished during the Nine Years War. More recently the tomb under Sarcophagus used as a burial place for McMahon and McDonald senior family members. Each family disputed others . . . — Map (db m73272) HM
Israel, Haifa District, Caesarea — A Collection of Architectural Artifacts
This garden presents a collection of architectural artifacts discovered during the excavation of Caesarea, or found by chance. The source of much of present day knowledge of the styles and building methods of the classical world of Greece and Rome is the work of the Roman architect and engineer Vitruvius, who wrote his major text, De Architectura, some two thousand years ago. The architecture of this region combines Hellenistic and Roman traditions with local and . . . — Map (db m64466) HM
Israel, Haifa District, Caesarea — Architectural Elements
The gable, cornice, frieze and architrave are some of the architectural elements that were typical of the facades and other monumental structures. The ornamentation of these buildings changed according to the adopted style. In the Roman world, pedestals were not only used as columns supports but also as stands for statues and representative elements. — Map (db m65175) HM
Israel, Haifa District, Caesarea — Column Capitals
In the Classical World, Planning and Aesthetics principles were clear and unambiguous. The Doric, Ionic, and Corinthian orders were elaborated by the Greeks and later, adopted by the Romans, with some variations. Each order bears its own rules and particular ornamental elements. Columns capitals express these different orders. — Map (db m64499) HM
Israel, Haifa District, Caesarea — Sarcophagi
Sarcophagi (coffins in Greek) made of stone (granite, marble, limestone) lead or wood were widely used among different people including Jews, throughout he Greco-Roman world. Sarcophagus means "flesh eater". Stone coffins were made out of two huge blocks - a cavity in which the corpse was placed and a double-slopped roof lid on which a Greek inscription was engraved: "the grave of Prokopios the Deacon". The coffins were decorated with flora, hunting mythological scenes or with geometric . . . — Map (db m64501) HM
Israel, Haifa District, Caesarea — The Promontory PalaceHerod's Palace & the Roman Praetorium
The edifice consists of two main units: the Lower Palace comprising the private wing, and the Upper Palace, housing the public wing. The latter, built around a large peristyle courtyard, was associated with the ruler's judicial and administrative functions, as well as the reception and the entertainment of dignitaries. The Upper Palace was built shortly after the erection of the Lower Palace. Who built this palace? Was it King Herod, on the occasion of the inauguration of the . . . — Map (db m64517) HM
Israel, Jerusalem District, Jerusalem — Absalom's Tomb
This splendid burial monument dates to the end of the Second temple period. The lower part of the monument is hewn and the upper part is constructed. The name derives from the biblical verse that tells of Absalom's construction of a monument for himself during his lifetime, which he called Absalom's Monument. However, there is no connection between the Bible story and the structure you see here, which was built 1,000 years later. The style in which it was hewn combines varied architectural . . . — Map (db m63866) HM
Israel, Jerusalem District, Jerusalem — Jehoshaphat's Caveמערת יהושפט — مغارة يهوشافاط
This is a burial complex from the Second Temple period. The facade of the cave features the relief of a gable resembling the roof facade of a sacred building. The decorative style is drawn from Hellenistic art, which influenced Jewish burial architecture at the end of the Second Temple period. The complex contains a number of burial niches; the identity of those interred here is not known. The cave's name comes from the identification of this part of the Kidron Valley as the biblical Valley of Jehoshaphat. — Map (db m63932) HM
Israel, Jerusalem District, Jerusalem — Ketef Hinnom
The Burial Caves date from the First Temple Period. Throughout many generations, they served affluent Jerusalem families as a location to bury their dead. The deceased was placed on a stone slab with a special indentation for the head. At the end of the twelve-month mourning period, the skeletal remains were transferred to a repository located beneath the stone slabs. This evokes the image of the Biblical phrase "he was gathered unto his forefathers." The most important and most ancient of . . . — Map (db m63881) HM
Israel, Northern District, Tiberias — The Southern Wall
The wall was erected by the Beduin Governor of the Tiberias Region, Daher El-Omer, in the 18th century on the basis of the ruins of an earlier wall built by the Crusaders. The wall was destroyed in the 1837 earthquake and since then only partially rebuilt. In the beginning of the 20th century, new settlements were established for the first time, outside the walls. The remaining ruins were once again struck by the great flood of 1934. — Map (db m65326) HM
Israel, Northern District (Upper Galilee Regional Council), Snir — The Court of Nemesis
Nemesis was the goddess of vengeance and Roman imperial justice. Her long and narrow court was built in 178 CE in front of a great niche in which her statue was placed. A Greek inscription above the niche mentions the names of the goddess and of the donor. The pavers of the court were arranged in a checker pattern of white and reddish stones. — Map (db m64781) HM
Israel, Northern District (Upper Galilee Regional Council), Snir — The Court of Pan & the Nymphs
The stepped and paved courtyard on which you are standing was built in the mid-first century CE. An artificial cave was quarried in the cliff-face opposite the courtyard, and there the statue of Pan was placed. Pagan worship was carried out in this courtyard, as illustrated below. In 148 CE, two more niches were added to the rock face. According to the Greek inscriptions chiseled on the rock scarp, one niche housed a sculpture of Echo, the mountain nymph and Pan's consort, and the other, a . . . — Map (db m64754) HM
Israel, Northern District (Upper Galilee Regional Council), Snir — The Grotto of the God Panמערת האל פאן
The cave is the nucleus beside which the sacred sanctuary was built. In this "abode of the shepherd god," pagan cult began as early as the 3rd century BCE. The ritual sacrifices were cast into a natural abyss reaching the underground waters at the back of the cave. If the victims disappeared in the water, this was a sign that the god had accepted the offering. If. however, signs of blood appeared in the nearby springs, the sacrifice had been rejected. — Map (db m64738) HM
Israel, Northern District (Upper Galilee Regional Council), Snir — The Temple of Augustusמקד ש אוגוסטוס
Built in 19 BCE, during the reign of Herod the Great, in honor of the Roman Emperor Augustus. The coin at the top of this text, shows the facade of the temple. In front of you is the western wall of the hall with semicircular and rectangular niches housing the statues of the deities. The back wall of the temple served as a passage to the Grotto of Pan - the holy of holies of this site. The passage was decorated with the carved stones displayed to your right. — Map (db m65177) HM
Israel, Northern District (Upper Galilee Regional Council), Snir — The Temple of Zeus
Built around 96 CE in the days of Emperor Trajan, for the city's 100th anniversary. A marble inscription found at the site implies that it was a temple for Pan and for Zeus of Heliopolis (the city of Ba'albek). Only the foundations of the temple survived. Originally it included a columnar portico behind which there stood a "cella" (hall) where rites were conducted. The splendid Corinthian capital seen nearby once crowned one of the four columns of the facade. The Panias city coin above shows . . . — Map (db m64768) HM
Italy, South Tyrol, Bolzano — Neptune’s FountainFontana del Nettuno — Neptun-Brummen
The text of this marker is in three languages; Italian (top), German (middle) and English (bottom). Fusione in bronzo di Joachim Reiss, su modello dello scultore Georg Mayr. Collacata nel 1777 sul luogo dell’antica berlina, veniva popolarmente chiamata “Gabelwirt” (oste del forchettone). Bronzefigur von Joachim Reiss, gegossen nach einem Modell des Bildhaueers Georg Mayr d.J. Das im Volksmund als „Gabel wirt“ bezeichnete Werk wurde 1777 an der Stelle des . . . — Map (db m68726) HM
Philippines, Cavite Province, Corregidor Island — Corregidor Lighthouse
Corregidor Lighthouse is a functioning historic lighthouse located 6,972 miles west-southwest of San Francisco, 3,044 miles north-northeast of Sydney, Australia, 692 miles south of Hong Kong and 628 feet above sea level, on the topside of Corregidor Island, Philippines. Delight in the breathtaking view of the Manila Bay, the South China Sea, Bataan and a bird’s eye-view of the island from atop the lighthouse. The tower is 14.5 m (48 ft.) high. It consists of an octagonal whitewashed . . . — Map (db m64518) HM
Turkey, İzmir Province (Selçuk District), Ephesus — Processional Way
Dini Alay Yolu [text in Turkish…] Processional Way [text in English] Annual festivals named ‘Artemisia’ or ‘Ephesia’ in antiquity were undertaken in honour of Artemis, the city goddess of Ephesos. The festivities, which lasted for several days, were framed by sportive and musical competitions, although the focus was the procession accompanied by sacrifices. The procession, in which a festively adorned and bedecked cult figure of Artemis was carried, also served . . . — Map (db m44269) HM
Turks and Caicos Islands, Grand Turk, Cockburn Town — Grand Turk Historic Lighthouse
During the colonial days, hundreds of shipwrecks occured off Grand Turk due to the shallow reef off its northern coast. Because shipwrecks were so common, vessels began refusing to call for salt cargoes, the mainstay of the Grand Turk economy. Both shippers and the American Government insisted that a lighthouse be constructed. The Grand Turk Lighthouse was built in London in 1852 and shipped to Grand Turk, where it was assembled in hopes of saving the salt trade. Standing sixty feet, it was . . . — Map (db m40367) HM
United Kingdom, Greater LondonGreenwich — Greenwich Foot Tunnel
This tunnel constructed by the London County Council was opened in August 1902. Sir John MacDougall chairman of the Council; Lord Monkswell vice chairman; Henry Clarke deputy chairman; Col F. Sheffield chairman bridges comm; J. E. Sears vice chairman bridges comm; Sir Alex R Binnie MICE, Maurice FitzMaurice CMG, MICE, engrs; W. C. Copperthwaite MICE resident engineer. J. Cochrane & Sons contractors; J. Brown AMICE, contractors engineer. — Map (db m68120) HM
United Kingdom, Northern Ireland (Castle Londonderry), Derry-Londonderry — Bishop's Gate
It was here that James II demanded entry to the city during the 1689 siege. The present gate was built at the suggestion of Bishop Hervey in 1789 to celebrate the centenary of the siege. The head facing Bishop Street represents the river Boyne crowned by a laurel wreath: the date refers to the Battle of the Boyne in 1690. The head facing outwards is the river Foyle: the date 1689 and the ship breaking the boom recall the relief of the 1689 siege. — Map (db m71021) HM
United Kingdom, Northern Ireland (County Antrim), Bushmills — Alphabet Angel
Symbols and Meanings Backpack with Hearts Contains forgotten words and meanings of the Ulster Scots tongue. Heart 1 Represents the heart of the land and the soul of the place. Heart 2 Represents the heart of the people, the spirit of the language. Flying Goggles The protection of vision for the insight of dialect. Belt Pouch Symbol of renewed currency of an ancient spoken tongue. Thistle Icon Represents the shared cultural . . . — Map (db m70763) HM
United Kingdom, Northern Ireland (County Antrim), Bushmills — Dunluce CastleCauseway Coastal Route
Side A Welcome to Dunluce Castle Dunluce Castle, dramatically positioned on this sheer headland between the Giant's Causeway and Portrush, was built between the 15th and 17th centuries. At this time it was one of the finest castles in the region and served to control the land and sea routes of North Ulster. Inside the castle you will discover centuries of stories and legends that reveal the turbulent history of the MacQuillans, the MacDonnells and the Scottish settlers who . . . — Map (db m70900) HM
United Kingdom, Northern Ireland (County Antrim), Bushmills — Giant’s Causeway and Bushmills Railway
The Giant’s Causeway railway provides a passenger link between the historic town of Bushmills and the famous basalt stone columns of the Giant’s Causeway World Heritage Site. The Railway is an interesting heritage experience and travels along a panoramic stretch of coast. The Railway was laid to the Irish narrow gauge of three feet and runs for two miles along the track bed of the former Giant’s Causeway Tramway. From the Bushmill’s Railway Station the line passes through the Bushfoot . . . — Map (db m70850) HM
United Kingdom, Northern Ireland (County Antrim), Bushmills — Hamill TerraceCauseway Coastal Route
Side A Welcome to Hamill Terrace Renowned as the gateway to the Giant's Causeway and for the oldest licensed whiskey distillery in the world, Bushmills has a unique heritage of historic buildings and mills. Images (clockwise from top): Bushmills Mills, Bushmills Distillery sign, The Causeway Tram c.1890 [Map and Causeway Coastal Route Journey linear locator] Side B Among many prizes, Bushmills whiskey was awarded a gold medal at the Paris Exhibition of . . . — Map (db m70873) HM
United Kingdom, Northern Ireland (County Antrim), Bushmills — World Wars Memorial
To the men of this town & district who gave their lives for their country in the Great War 1914 – 1919 [Rolls of Honored Dead] Killed in the 1939-1945 War [Roll of Honored Dead] — Map (db m70773) WM
United Kingdom, Northern Ireland (County Antrim), Dunseverick — Dunseverick CastleCauseway Coastal Route
Dunseverick Castle and its rocky peninsula were given to the National Trust in 1962 by farmer Jack McCurdy. The term Dun (fort) indicates a royal site. This was the fort of Sobhairce. It may have been a royal stronghold in the Iron Age (around 500 B.C.) and traditionally was one of the great duns of Ireland. St. Patrick reputedly visited Dunseverick in the 5th Century. The extensive earthworks on the headland may be the remains of the royal fort from which the Antrim kingdom of . . . — Map (db m70859) HM
United Kingdom, Northern Ireland (County Fermanagh), Belleek — The Enamel Grindstone
Enamel colours have always been used to decorate pottery wares. Today they come processed but in early years of the Belleek Pottery they, along with most raw materials, were processed at the Pottery. This particular grindstone was used to crush and mix the raw enamel colours. Enamel colours are made from the oxides of metals. Each metal's oxide gives a different colour, e.g. browns and blacks from Iron oxide, greens from Copper oxide, and blues from Cobalt oxide. — Map (db m72561) HM
United Kingdom, Northern Ireland (County Fermanagh), Belleek — Welcome to Belleek
Beal Leice, meaning 'the mouth of the flagstone', lies in the most westerly point of Northern Ireland, hidden in the Erne valley between the Sligo mountains and the Atlantic. The village, which was first laid out during the Plantation of Ulster about 1610, originated as a fort standing at the highest crossing point on the River Erne, a river which is part of the most extensive inland waterway in Western Europe. Today it has a population of 790. Belleek Pottery Established in 1857, . . . — Map (db m72553) HM
United Kingdom, Northern Ireland (County Fermanagh), Enniskillen — Cole's Monument
In memory of General the Honorable Sir Galbraith Lowry Cole, G.C.B. Colonel of the 27th Regiment Pyrenees • Nivelle • Orthez Toulouse • Olivença • Albuera Salamanca • Vittoria • Martinique Guadaloupe • Egypt • Maida — Map (db m72631) WM
United Kingdom, Northern Ireland (County Fermanagh), Enniskillen — German 21cm Mortar, 1918
Captured during the Great War 1914-1918 Presented in commemoration of the award of the Victoria Cross on 29th October, 1914 to Lieutenant J.A.O. Brooke 2nd Battn. The Gordon Highlanders "For conspicuous bravery and great ability near Gheluvelt, on the 29th October in leading two attacks on the German trenches under heavy rifle and machine-gun fire, regaining a lost trench at a very critical moment. He was killed on that day. By his marked coolness and promptitude on . . . — Map (db m72647) HM WM
United Kingdom, Northern Ireland (County Fermanagh), Enniskillen — German 77mm Light Artillery Gun
This gun was originally a German 77mm Light Artillery Gun from the first world war [sic]. It was captured in Belgium in 1918 by men of the Inniskillings in the 36th (Ulster) Division. The gun was placed in the Regimental Depot of the Royal Inniskilling Fusiliers in Omagh (St Lucia Barracks). At the approach of the second world war [sic] it was removed to Woolrich Arsenal, London and converted for coastal artillery. This is what you see now. After the war it was returned to . . . — Map (db m72649) HM
United Kingdom, Northern Ireland (County Fermanagh), Enniskillen — South Africa War Memorial1899 - 1902
In Honoured Memory of 20 Officers 47 Non-commissioned Officers and 215 Men of the 6th Inniskilling Dragoons and Royal Inniskilling Fusiliers who sustained the great reputation of these distinguished regiments for prowess in arms and devotion to their Sovereign and Country, fell in battle or died of wounds or sickness in South Africa 1899-1902 [Regimental Rolls of Honored Dead] — Map (db m72651) WM
United Kingdom, Northern Ireland (County Fermanagh), Enniskillen — The Watergate and Flag of St George
The Watergate The Watergate is the name given to the twin turreted building added to the outer wall of the castle c. 1615. Scottish in style, it was almost certainly built by William Cole, constable of the castle and founder of Enniskillen town. Its name may have come from an earlier gate nearby, marked 'Watergatte' on a map of 1594, which opened on to the water but has long since disappeared. Immediately inside the 'Watergate' is a deep well, an important feature for a castle under . . . — Map (db m72648) HM
United Kingdom, Northern Ireland (County Fermanagh), Enniskillen — World Wars Memorial
Our Glorious Dead 1914 - 1918 1939 - 1945 [Roll of Honored Dead] — Map (db m72620) HM
United Kingdom, Northern Ireland (County Fermanagh), Irvinestown — Welcome to Irvinestown
The town takes its name from the Irvine family who were the landlords of the district and came from Bonshaw in Scotland in the 17th century. They lived at Castle Irvine which today is known as Necarne Castle. The town was first known as Lowtherstown but in the 1860's its name was changed to Irvinestown. It is the third largest town in Fermanagh with a population of 2,244. It is famous for its wide Main Street and ample parking facilities. The town is proud of its vision, innovation and . . . — Map (db m72609) HM
United Kingdom, Northern Ireland (County Fermanagh), Lisnaskea — Castle Balfour
Castle Balfour, built for Sir James Balfour of Glenawley by about 1620, was one of many castles designed to secure the plantation in Ulster during the 17th century. It is of the Scottish-style strong house type, identifiable by such characteristic features as corbelled stair turrets and parapets, high pitched gables and tall chimneys. In 1619 Captain Nicholas Pynnar described Castle Balfour which was just being built, as 'a Bawne of Lime and Stone 70 ft square, of which two sides are . . . — Map (db m71324) HM
United Kingdom, Northern Ireland (County Fermanagh), Lisnaskea — Lisnaskea Market Cross
This cross was set up in the Corn and Potato Market when it was built by Mr John Crichton, later third Earl of Erne, in 1841. At that time the small stone cross was made and placed on the ancient and much more massive shaft. The original site of the cross is unknown, though there are several traditions about it. One is that the shaft formerly stood at Fawney cross-roads, east of Lisnaskea, and was used for swearing oaths. The base is said to have been dug up somewhere near the town, or . . . — Map (db m72653) HM
United Kingdom, Northern Ireland (County Londonderry), Derry-Londonderry — ... Free, entire and perfect
A city fit for war and merchandise...for ever a free, entire and perfect city and county of itself, to be called the city and county of Derrie. Charter from James I, 1604 One City...Fifty Names All of the city's names over the centuries refer back to the Irish 'daire' or 'doire' - the oak grove. The oldest is Daire Calgach, suggesting that a fierce warrior may have had a fortress here in pre-Christian times. In the 12th century the settlement was known as Doire Cholmcille . . . — Map (db m70942) HM
United Kingdom, Northern Ireland (County Londonderry), Derry-Londonderry — Arthur Joyce Lunel Cary1888 - 1957 — Ulster History Circle
Novelist was born here — Map (db m71124) HM
United Kingdom, Northern Ireland (County Londonderry), Derry-Londonderry — Austins Department Store
The World's Oldest Independent Department Store ——————— Established in 1830 by its founder Thomas Austin (1815-1892) — Map (db m71132) HM
United Kingdom, Northern Ireland (County Londonderry), Derry-Londonderry — Butcher Gate
Two million gallons of whisky Smoke from illicit poteen whisky stills used to waft over the walls from the Bogside. Legal distilleries opened in the Waterside and in the Bogside in the 1820s. Watt's Abbey Street distillery became the largest in Ireland producing two million gallons of grain whisky a year by the 1880s. The works was as large as two football pitches, its seven-storey high building still being the city's tallest after St Columb's Cathedral. The distillery closed in 1921. . . . — Map (db m70971) HM
United Kingdom, Northern Ireland (County Londonderry), Derry-Londonderry — Butcher Gate
This was one of the four original gates of 1617. It was initially called the 'Nugate' or King's Gate, later being renamed Butcher Gate after the nearby meat market and slaughterhouse. The gate was nearly destroyed by cannon fire during the 1689 siege. The present gate, built in the 1800s, is nearly twice the height of the original. — Map (db m70972) HM
United Kingdom, Northern Ireland (County Londonderry), Derry-Londonderry — Castle Gate
Demolish the walls The Maiden City withstood two sieges without its walls being breached. In the 18th century the city grew too big for its walls and increasingly houses and factories were built on the slopes below. Castle Gate (1803) was the second breach in the walls to deal with increased traffic. Thirty years later businessmen campaigned to demolish the walls entirely to solve the traffic problems. They failed and traffic continued to clog the city's streets. The . . . — Map (db m70960) HM
United Kingdom, Northern Ireland (County Londonderry), Derry-Londonderry — Castle Gate
Constructed in 1803 this was the second of the three new gates into the city. Although originally named New Gate, by the mid 19th century it was known as Castle Gate after the medieval tower house built by the O'Doherty family. — Map (db m70970) HM
United Kingdom, Northern Ireland (County Londonderry), Derry-Londonderry — Church Bastion
The watchers and the watched There have been watchers on the walls for centuries. In 1627 two watch towers were built near the Cathedral after the guards complained about having to do duty in the rain. In the 19th century the bastions became gardens and most watch towers were demolished: one still survives near here. During the Troubles the British army erected sangars close to the walls to watch over the city. The towers combined accommodation for soldiers with high technology . . . — Map (db m71053) HM
United Kingdom, Northern Ireland (County Londonderry), Derry-Londonderry — Civil Rights
This mural captures the mood of a typical civil rights march in the years up to 1972. Inspired by the civil disobedience campaign of Martin Luther King in the United States, young and old, Catholics and Protestants, politicians and mothers took to the streets to march for their democratic rights. Our intention was to describe it as it was, a happy, almost festive occasion conducted by people who were content that they were standing up, at long last, against prolonged injustice. — Map (db m71434) HM
United Kingdom, Northern Ireland (County Londonderry), Derry-Londonderry — Demi-culverin Cannon
Livery Companies of the City of London Demi-culverin (G1) Bore 4-5" - Length 108" Weight 3333lb Sent to the city in May-June 1642 by the Worshipful Company of Vintners. Probably cast by John Browne at one of his works in Kent. — Map (db m70999) HM
United Kingdom, Northern Ireland (County Londonderry), Derry-Londonderry — Demi-culverin Cannon
Livery Companies of the City of London Demi-culverin (C3) Bore 4.25" - Length 120" Weight 3750lb One of a pair sent to the city in May-June 1642 by the Worshipful Company of Merchant Taylors. Probably cast by John Browne at one of his works in Kent. — Map (db m71049) HM
United Kingdom, Northern Ireland (County Londonderry), Derry-Londonderry — Demi-culverin Cannon
Livery Companies of the City of London Demi-culverin (C11) Bore 4.6" - Length 120" Weight 3988lb The second of a pair sent to the city in May-June 1642 by the Worshipful Company of Merchant Taylors. Probably cast by John Browne at one of his works in Kent. — Map (db m71052) HM
United Kingdom, Northern Ireland (County Londonderry), Derry-Londonderry — Demi-culverin Cannon
Livery Companies of the City of London Demi-culverin (C4) Bore 4.92," Length 90," Weight 2795lb Sent to the city in May-June 1642 by the Worshipful Company of Salters. Probably cast by John Browne at one of his works in Kent. — Map (db m71083) HM
United Kingdom, Northern Ireland (County Londonderry), Derry-Londonderry — Demi-culverin Cannon
Livery Companies of the City of London Demi-culverin (C9) Bore 4.8," Length 120," Weight 3977lb Sent to the city in May-June 1642 by the Worshipful Company of Mercers. Probably cast by John Browne at one of his works in Kent. — Map (db m71099) HM
United Kingdom, Northern Ireland (County Londonderry), Derry-Londonderry — Demi-culverin Cannon
Demi-culverin with Rose and Crown (C12) Bore 4.5", Length 120" Weight 3417lb Cast in 1590 by Thomas Johnston Founder of iron ordnance to Queen Elizabeth I — Map (db m71125) HM
United Kingdom, Northern Ireland (County Londonderry), Derry-Londonderry — Demi-culverin Cannon
John Browne No.1 Demi-culverin (C8) Bore 4.7", Length 98" Weight 3117lb Cast by John Browne possibly at Horsmonden, Kent 1615-1625 — Map (db m71128) HM
United Kingdom, Northern Ireland (County Londonderry), Derry-Londonderry — Double Bastion
Roaring Meg Roaring Meg is the most famous of the city's cannon. She weighs a mighty 1794 kilograms. The Fishmongers' Company of London presented her to the city in 1642. She saw action in the 1689 siege, probably from this bastion. It could take up to six men to fire a large cannon. Two packed the gunpowder into the barrel and inserted the cannon ball. A third lit the fuse while the fourth aimed the cannon at the target. The force of the explosion could cause the gun carriage to roll . . . — Map (db m71007) HM
United Kingdom, Northern Ireland (County Londonderry), Derry-Londonderry — Ferryquay Gate
Locking the gates In 1688 James II proposed to replace the Protestant garrison in the city with Catholic troops. Rumours were rife that the citizens were to be massacred. Meeting in the Diamond, the city leaders could not make up their minds whether to admit the new garrison. Fourteen young men - the 13 Apprentice Boys and their look-out - lost patience. They drew their swords, ran to the guard house, seized the keys to the city, raised the drawbridge of Ferryquay Gate, and shut and . . . — Map (db m71097) HM
United Kingdom, Northern Ireland (County Londonderry), Derry-Londonderry — Ferryquay Gate
This gate was built in 1865 on the site of one of the four original entrances to the city. Like Bishop's Gate it had a drawbridge, which could be pulled up in times of troubles, to allow people to cross the dry moat. This was the gate that the Apprentice Boys locked in December, 1688. The carved heads are of Governor George Walker and Rev James Gordon who urged the citizens to refuse to admit James II's troops. — Map (db m71104) HM
United Kingdom, Northern Ireland (County Londonderry), Derry-Londonderry — Free Derry CornerYou Are Now Entering Free Derry — The Guide to Free Derry
On 5 January 1969, after a night of rioting and sustained police attacks on the Bogside, the words "You Are Now Entering Free Derry" were painted on the gable wall of 33 Lecky Road. This simple graffiti became the defining symbol of the civil rights era and an internationally recognised symbol of resistance to state injustice. The wall remains today, though the rest of the street was demolished in 1975. Binn Dhoire Saor Ar an 5 Eanáir 1969, tar éis oíche círéibe agus ionsaithe . . . — Map (db m71204) HM
United Kingdom, Northern Ireland (County Londonderry), Derry-Londonderry — George Farquharc. 1677 - 1707 — Ulster History Circle
Playwright attended the Free School near this site — Map (db m70992) HM
United Kingdom, Northern Ireland (County Londonderry), Derry-Londonderry — Grand Parade
Fourteen sycamores There are 14 sycamore trees on the Grand Parade, one for each of the 13 Apprentice Boys and one for James Morrison, their look-out on Ferryquay Gate. The fruit of the sycamore are like bunches of keys. They represent the keys of the city with which the Apprentice Boys locked the gates. Parading and promenading In the 18th century the city garrison used this part of the walls for exercises and parades. It later became fashionable to promenade along the Grand . . . — Map (db m70984) HM
United Kingdom, Northern Ireland (County Londonderry), Derry-Londonderry — Guildhall Square
The roaring cannon The city claims Europe's largest collection of cannon whose precise origins can be traced. These are the earliest surviving cannon. Some were shipped over for Sir Henry Docwra's campaign of 1600-3: others were sent to defend the Plantation city. Look for the marks stamped on the cannon - the rose and crown of the Tudor English kings, club and arrow marks, the date '1590' and the initials T.J. for Thomas Johnston, Queen Elizabeth I's gun founder. 'Wish you were . . . — Map (db m71131) HM
United Kingdom, Northern Ireland (County Londonderry), Derry-Londonderry — Hangman's Bastion
Bulwarks and bastions When first built, the bastions were known as bulwarks, each called after a person associated with the city from King James I to the Governor of the Plantation. They were renamed during the 1689 siege. This is Hangman's Bastion where a man nearly killed himself when he became entangled in the rope which he was using to escape. The nearby Coward's Bastion, one of the three bastions that have been demolished, was the safest place in the city. Defending the . . . — Map (db m70957) HM
United Kingdom, Northern Ireland (County Londonderry), Derry-Londonderry — Hunger Strike
This mural depicts one of the surviving hunger strikers as he looked after 53 days without food. He was one of seven men who went on hunger strike at the Maze prison in Belfast from 28th October, 1980 in protest against loss of their rights as political prisoners. His image was beamed around the world on television. He is joined by one of the women from Armagh jail who went on strike in sympathy. Both are wrapped in blankets marking their refusal to wear prison uniform. Ours is a . . . — Map (db m71436) HM
United Kingdom, Northern Ireland (County Londonderry), Derry-Londonderry — IRA Volunteers Honor Roll
Throughout this city the Republican Movement has marked the spots, with commemorative plaques where IRA Volunteers died on active service. This stone is dedicated to those Volunteers who died in places where circumstances do not permit the erection of a commemorative plaque. [Gaelic not transcribed due to stylized script] — Map (db m71283) WM
United Kingdom, Northern Ireland (County Londonderry), Derry-Londonderry — Magazine Gate
Magazine Gate is the city's newest gate, built in 1865. At the same time the wall between Magazine and Shipquay Gates was raised by two metres and ornamental battlements added. A line of stonework on the outside shows the height of the original walls. Above the arch are the sculpted heads of siege heroes, David Cairns and Colonel Adam Murray. — Map (db m70915) HM
United Kingdom, Northern Ireland (County Londonderry), Derry-Londonderry — Magazine Gate
Fire power Magazine Gate takes its name from the Plantation city's gunpowder store. The mixture of saltpetre, sulphur and fine charcoal had to be kept very dry as it easily absorbed water. A barrel of gunpowder and a pile of shot was placed beside each cannon when in use. The powder was carefully weighed and scooped into cloth or paper bags with a shovel before being packed inside the barrel of the cannon. Ramrods, linstocks and wadhooks Tools helped the team of gunners to . . . — Map (db m70956) HM
United Kingdom, Northern Ireland (County Londonderry), Derry-Londonderry — New Gate
In 1787 the walls were breached for the first time to improve access to the city centre. It is said that the gate was built to cope with crowds flocking to the New Theatre in Artillery Street but was closed in 1799 due to complaints from the audience that the noise outside disturbed the performance. The gate was reopened and widened in the 1860s. — Map (db m71085) HM
United Kingdom, Northern Ireland (County Londonderry), Derry-Londonderry — Newmarket Street
You are standing on the city walls. Newmarket Street slopes up and over the wall. The street was created in the mid 19th century on the site of the Smithfield Meat Market to allow carts to the new covered market. — Map (db m71100) HM
United Kingdom, Northern Ireland (County Londonderry), Derry-Londonderry — Seán Keenan / Ó Cianáin
In proud and loving memory of Seán Keenan 1914 - 1993 Volunteer. Óglaigh na h-Éireann Chairperson. Derry Citizens' Defence Association Honorary Vice-President, Republican Sinn Fein Fluent Irish Speaker and active G.A.A. Supporter He spent 15 years interned without trial His life-long struggle against oppression and for the All-Ireland Republic continues to inspire his people His wife Nancy died 1st October 1970 Also his son Colm Died in active service on 14th . . . — Map (db m71208) HM WM
United Kingdom, Northern Ireland (County Londonderry), Derry-Londonderry — Shipquay Gate
This was one of the four original 17th century gates to the city. It had a watch tower, battlements and a portcullis. The carvings on the outside of the present gate, built between 1803-5, celebrate the city's wealth. The cornucopia is a symbol of plenty and the caduceus is a magic wand used by the Greek god Hermes to protect merchants. — Map (db m70927) HM
United Kingdom, Northern Ireland (County Londonderry), Derry-Londonderry — Shipquay Gate
'A city fit for war and merchandise' In 1600 Elizabeth I of England instructed Sir Henry Docwra to establish and fortify a new settlement on the Foyle. An explosion in the cathedral in 1567 had largely destroyed the town. Docwra and his 4200 troops re-used the stones and rubbish of the old buildings. He surrounded the main fort with earthen walls to protect it from attack by powerful local chiefs. Plantation city The Plantation city was the first planned town in . . . — Map (db m71123) HM
United Kingdom, Northern Ireland (County Londonderry), Derry-Londonderry — St Columba
On this site of St Augustine's Church, St Columba built his Abbey circa 543AD, and departed from Derry down the River Foyle with his supporters to the Island of Iona in 563AD. — Map (db m70989) HM
United Kingdom, Northern Ireland (County Londonderry), Derry-Londonderry — St Columb's Cathedral
The Mother Church The first settlers worshipped in the ruins of the former Augustinian abbey. In 1613 the London merchant companies sent over a silver-gilt chalice as a promise of their commitment to build a cathedral to grace their new city. The chalice remains a treasured possession of St Columb's Cathedral, originally built between 1628-33. It was the first cathedral to be erected in the British Isles after the Reformation and unusually was consecrated both as parish church of . . . — Map (db m71072) HM
United Kingdom, Northern Ireland (County Londonderry), Derry-Londonderry — The Platform
The Apprentice Boys From the early 18th century clubs have celebrated the role of the 13 apprentices who locked the gates of the city in December, 1688 rather than admit the new Jacobite garrison. Local architect, John Guy Ferguson, designed The Apprentice Boys' Memorial Hall in the mid 1870s. The 1937 extension in Society Street was dedicated to those who died in the First World War. The Hall houses the headquarters of the Apprentice Boys of Derry Association. Every December the . . . — Map (db m70974) HM
United Kingdom, Northern Ireland (County Londonderry), Derry-Londonderry — The Walled City
If 'stones could speak', what a story they would have to tell. Their voices still echo on the walls and in the city streets. According to tradition St. Colm Cille chose the oak grove on top of the hill for his monastery in 546 AD. His community became a beacon of light and learning throughout Europe. Around it grew a settlement with a stronghold, cathedral and port. In 1610 the City of London Companies agreed to build a new city on the Foyle in return for land in King James I's . . . — Map (db m70928) HM
United Kingdom, Northern Ireland (County Londonderry), Derry-Londonderry — The Walled City
[Keyed photo of Double Bastion overlook] 1. Lumen Christi College - co-educational school on the site of Bishop Hervey's casino. 2. The Windmill - the stump of the building fought over during the 1689 siege. 3. St Columba's, Long Tower - the city's first Roman Catholic church. 4. Creggan Country Park - watersports and outdoor centre with some of the best views over the city. 5. Brandywell - home of soccer and Gaelic football. 6. The City Cemetery - a sacred, shared place . . . — Map (db m71004) HM
United Kingdom, Northern Ireland (County Londonderry), Derry-Londonderry — The Walled City
If 'stones could speak', what a story they would have to tell. Their voices still echo on the walls and in the city streets. According to tradition St. Colm Cille chose the oak grove on top of the hill for his monastery in 546 AD. His community became a beacon of light and learning throughout Europe. Around it grew a settlement with a stronghold, cathedral and port. In 1610 the City of London Companies agreed to build a new city on the Foyle in return for land in King James I's . . . — Map (db m71026) HM
United Kingdom, Northern Ireland (County Londonderry), Derry-Londonderry — The Walled City
If 'stones could speak', what a story they would have to tell. Their voices still echo on the walls and in the city streets. According to tradition St. Colm Cille chose the oak grove on top of the hill for his monastery in 546 AD. His community became a beacon of light and learning throughout Europe. Around it grew a settlement with a stronghold, cathedral and port. In 1610 the City of London Companies agreed to build a new city on the Foyle in return for land in King James I's . . . — Map (db m71121) HM
United Kingdom, Northern Ireland (County Londonderry), Derry-Londonderry — Verbal Arts Centre
The Former First Derry Primary School was established on the city walls as a Blue Coat School in 1773 and moved to this site in 1894. The (listed) building was purchased in 1996 and then renovated by the Verbal Arts Centre: it has been designed to provide Ireland's first home for the literary arts. The Centre offers a range of unique resources in its support of verbal creativity - library; children's storytelling theatre; debating chamber; exhibition, lecture and performance spaces; . . . — Map (db m70998) HM
United Kingdom, Northern Ireland (County Londonderry), Derry-Londonderry — Walker Memorial Pillar
This monument was erected to perpetuate the memory of the Rev. George Walker, who, aided by the garrison and brave inhabitants of this City, most gallantly defended it through a protracted siege, viz., from the 7th Dec. 1688 O.S. to the 12th of August following against an arbitrary and bigoted Monarch, heading an army of upwards of 20,000 men, many of whom were foreign mercenaries, and by such valiant conduct in numerous sorties, and by patiently enduring extreme privations and . . . — Map (db m70988) HM
United Kingdom, Northern Ireland (County Londonderry), Derry-Londonderry — War Memorial
In memory of all those from and within the city and district who have lost their lives as a result of war and conflict In Memory of all those killed by weapon systems produced within this City & District — Map (db m70926) WM
United Kingdom, Northern Ireland (County Londonderry), Derry-Londonderry — Water Bastion
Feabhail The river Foyle lapped against the Water Bastion until the late 18th century. The name Foyle probably arose because English-speaking settlers had difficulty saying the Irish 'Feabhail', used traditionally to describe the stretch of water from the sea to Strabane. Some say that it took its name from the legendary chieftain Feabhail who was drowned by a giant wave. The truth is simpler. The word comes from the Welsh for a 'lip', describing the shape of the estuary. Lundy's . . . — Map (db m71122) HM
United Kingdom, Northern Ireland (County Londonderry), Derry-Londonderry — World Wars Memorial
To Our Honoured Dead and Those Who Served 1914 - 1918 1939 - 1945 Names of the Fallen [Panels not transcribed] Sculptures by Vernon March, 1926 — Map (db m71133) WM
United Kingdom, Northern Ireland (County Londonderry), Garvagh — Welcome to Garvagh
The town of Garvagh owes its 17th century origins and subsequent development to the Canning family. George Canning was the first family member to come to Ireland when, in September 1614, he arrived at Agivey on the banks of the Bann as an agent for the Ironmongers' Company of London. He established the hamlet of Ballinameen to the south of the town in 1620, but this was destroyed during the 1641 rebellion. The hamlet was re-established in subsequent years and is still known as . . . — Map (db m70740) HM
United Kingdom, Northern Ireland (County Londonderry), Garvagh — Welcome to Garvagh
Side A Welcome to the historic town of Garvagh, situated on the banks of the Agivey River. We hope you enjoy your visit. Please use the information and maps on this sign to find out about the history of Garvagh and to discover its many attractions. The name Garvagh comes from an old Irish term meaning 'rough place'. The area around the town is steeped in history, and there are many intriguing relics from the past, such as old church ruins, ancient graves and stone circles. . . . — Map (db m70748) HM
United Kingdom, Northern Ireland (County Londonderry), Garvagh — World Wars Memorial
The Great War 1914 - 1918 "The Fallen" Faithful unto death Black H.C. • Bradley J. • Bradley P. • Caldwell, W. • Caskey M. • Collins R. • Dale T. • Dempsey J. • Faith J. • Gavin R. F. Capt. • Hall T. Cpl. • Hazlett J.B. • Lynch J. Cpl. • Macausland O.B. Lieut. • Maclean J.G. • McCooke J. • McCurdy W. • McElfatrick S. • McIlwrath M. L/C. • McIlrath R. L/C. • Morrison J.D. L/C. • Mulholland J. • O’Kane D. • O’Kane T. • Patton W. • Stewart W. • Thompson W.J. • Torrens J. • Torrens T. . . . — Map (db m70726) WM
United Kingdom, Northern Ireland (County Tyrone), Moy — World Wars Memorial
The Great War 1914-1918 In Memoriam Aird A. • Allen R. • Allen W. • Allen W.J. • Bradley F.E. • Bradley F.H. • Bradley R.I. • Carson R. • Carson W. • Coleman G. • Davies C.C. • Duke W. • Fullerton J. • Gray J. • Hagan T.J. • Harkin C. • Herron C. • Hetherington J.W. • Igoe H. • Jones R.J. • Kilpatrick W.R. • Lutton G. • Morrison J.D. • McGuigan H. • McGuigan J. • Proctor J.C.B. • Reid J. • Rose-Cleland A.M.B. • Stafford J. • Tottenham E.L. M.C. • Tottenham A.H. • Watson E. • . . . — Map (db m70725) WM
Alabama (Baldwin County), Stockton — The Mound Line(Ellicot Line) — Mile Mound No. 216 located 1200 feet east
Surveyed in 1799 to mark the 31° North Latitude, this line charted the first southern boundary of the United States, separating the U.S. from Spanish Florida. The line was marked at one-mile intervals by earthen mounds approximately fifteen-feet square and three-feet high with a charred lighter-pine post at the center, hence the name Mound Line. Jointly surveyed by Major Andrew Ellicott, U.S. Commissioner, and Esteban minor, Spanish Commissioner, to determine boundaries as agreed in the . . . — Map (db m66386) HM
Alabama (Coffee County), Enterprise — Rawls Hotel
Original two-story brick structure built 1903 by Japheth Rawls, developer of some of earliest turpentine plants in Coffee County. Building remodeled 1928 and three-story wings added by Jesse P. Rawls, founder of first electric power system in Enterprise. Hotel was center for business and social gatherings until its closing in early 1970's. Listed on National Register of Historic Places 1980. — Map (db m30308) HM
Alabama (Colbert County), Cherokee — Bear Creek Mound
The village site was occupied as early as 8000 B.C. by hunters who stayed only long enough to prepare their kill. From the time of Christ to 1000 A.D., migratory people of this area practiced limited agriculture. The nearby fields and streams offered an abundance of nuts, fruits, game and fish. These people shaped this mound and built a crude temple on its summit to house their sacred images. — Map (db m36061) HM
Alabama (Colbert County), Sheffield — Old Railroad Bridge
(obverse) In 1832, the Alabama legislature authorized the Florence Bridge Company to construct this bridge across the Tennessee River. In 1840, it opened as a toll bridge. Twice damaged by storms, it was reopened in 1858 as a double-decked bridge by the Memphis and Charleston Railroad. Additional piers were added to support the large wooden superstructure with trains using the upper deck while the lower deck served as a toll bridge. In April 1862, the Confederate army burned the . . . — Map (db m40596) HM
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