|Austria, Tyrol, Innsbruck — The Teutonic Order House — Deutschordenshaus|
|Um während der Hof- und Landtage in der Residenzstadt eine eigene Wohnstätte zu besitzen, hat Heinrich v. Kneringen, Landkomtur des Deutschen Ordens “an der Etsch und im Gebirge” mit Sitz in Bozen dieses Haus erworben.
Die Erker wurden 1532 von Gregor Türing mit den prächtigen Wappen Heinrichs v. Kneringen, des damaligen Inhabers des Hoch- und Deutschmeisteramtes sowie der Komturei zu Schlanders und Lengmoos, geschmückt.
Schon 1539 hat der Orden das Haus wieder verkauft. Im . . . — Map (db m68137) HM|
|Brazil, Bahia, Salvador — Monumento a Stefan Zweig — All Saints' Bay|
| Stefan Zweig nasceu em Viena, Áustria, em 1881. Escritor cosmopolita, tornou-se conhecido por suas analises do comlexo psíquico e pela defesa dos ideais humanitarios. Foi o autor mais traduzido do seu tempo. Pacifista, escrevia reinventando a vida.
Iniciou sua peregrinação pelo mundo em 1934, com residencia na Inglaterra. Mudou-se, em 1941, com sua esposa Lotte, para a Cidade de Petrópolis, Brasil, onde escreveu, o seu livro mais conhecido, “Brasil, Pais do Futuro” e . . . — Map (db m31877) HM|
|Brazil, Distrito Federal, Brasilia — Memorial JK — JK Memorial — [President Juscelino Kubitschek de Oliveira, the founder of Brasilia]|
| In Portuguese:
Projeto do arquiteto Oscar Niemeyer foi inaugurado em 12 de setembro de 1981 em homenagem a Juscelino Kubischek de Oliveira, fundador de Brasilia. Abriga biblioteca com trēs mil volumes que pertenceram a JK, atém de objetos pessoais, fotos, videos e vários documentos. Os painéis da recepção e da câmara mortuaria são obras de Althos Bulcão. O vitral que se encontra acima da uma funerária é de autoria da artista francesa Marianne Peretti. A estátua de JK esculpid por . . . — Map (db m26590) HM|
|Brazil, Rio de Janeiro — 01246020 — Copacabana Fort — Army History Museum|
Together with the Arpoador Rock and Cape, the Fort is part of an important landscape group located between two highly populated neighbourhoods: Copacabana and Ipanema.
Date: inaugurated in 1914 by President Marechal Hermes da Fonseca.
Last Restoration: in 1987, with the coastal artillery batteries phased out, the fort with its 12-meter thick walls, became the Army History Museum.
Features: at the entrance of the Fort is a grotto with a statuette of Santa Barbara, . . . — Map (db m25962) HM|
|Brazil, Rio de Janeiro — Praça 15 de Novembro — Prefeitura da Cidade do Rio De Janeiro|
| Esta região guarda a memória do período colonial Brasileiro. No Século XVII, o núcleo original da cidade desloca-se do morro do Castelo para a várzea e consolida-se ao longo da Rua Direita, hoje Primeiro de Março. Junto à rua, na praia de N.S. do Ó, aterrado surge o Terreiro do Carmo, depois chamado Largo do Paço, por se ter instalado ali o Paço dos Governadores (1743), atual Paço Imperial.
O velho largo recebe o nome de Praça 15 de Novembro por ocasião da Proclamação da República em 1889, . . . — Map (db m26313) HM|
|British Columbia, Victoria — Estate of the Lieutenant Governor of British Columbia — Le Domaine du Lieutenant-Gouverneur de la Colombie-Britannique|
|This magnificent estate, residence of the Crown's representatives in British Columbia, is a cultural landscape that boasts a long and remarkable association with this high office. In 1865 the government of the colony purchased Cary Castle, a house located on this site, to serve as the residence of the governor of Vancouver Island. When British Columbia entered Confederation in 1871, Cary Castle became the home to the province's lieutenant governors. The present structure, built in 1957-1959, is . . . — Map (db m70884) HM|
|British Columbia (Capital Regional District), Victoria — Creation of the Province of British Columbia — Création de la Province de Columbie-Britannique|
The province of British Columbia was created on July 20, 1871. Formerly a crown colony established by the union in 1866 of Vancouver Island with the mainland colony of British Columbia, the addition of the Pacific coast province made Canada truly a nation “from sea to sea”. With provincial status came success for the movement toward self-government. The first Lieutenant-Governor of British Columbia was Joseph W. Trutch and the first premier was John Foster . . . — Map (db m49038) HM|
|New Brunswick (Charlotte County), Welshpool — President Franklin Delano Roosevelt — 1933 - 1945|
| The Great Depression 1929-1941
The depression was world-wide. In the U.S., the banking system collapsed and 12.8 million people were unemployed. Hardest hit were youth, minorities, the elderly, and workers in the consumer durables industries. There was widespread hunger and suffering as communities ran out of charitable and government relief. FDR's "New Deal" programs, some more successful than others, helped to stem national despair and boost public confidence.
La Crise économique . . . — Map (db m54783) HM|
|New Brunswick (Charlotte County), Welshpool — Roosevelt Campobello International Park — Le Parc International Roosevelt de Campobello|
The Roosevelt Campobello International Park is a unique example of international cooperation - jointly administered, staffed, and funded by the peoples of Canada and the United States. Established by international treaty in 1964, the 1,134-hectare (2800-acre) park remains a symbol of the close relationship between our two countries. When she declared the Park Visitor Center open in 1967, the Queen Mother Her Majesty Queen Elizabeth expressed the sentiments of both countries with these . . . — Map (db m63591) HM|
|Ontario, Ottawa — Parliament Clocktower Bell|
|This bell was taken from the ruins of the clock tower destroyed by fire February 3, 1916. "The fire raged fiercely for hours. The main tower was not touched until about 11 p.m., and one of the most pathetic incidents of the night, which moved the spectators, was the striking of the midnight hour by the old tower clock. There seemed almost a human touch as its familiar tones boomed out from the mass of flames." From the 1916 report of the deputy minister of public works. — Map (db m39748) HM|
|Ontario, Ottawa — Women Are Persons! — Les Femmes Sont Des Personnes!|
|The Persons' Case of 1929 is a celebrated landmark victory in the struggle of Canadian women for equality. For years, groups had repeatedly requested that a woman be appointed to the Senate, often naming Judge Emily Murphy as their candidate. However, five successive federal governments maintained that women were ineligible to serve in the Senate on the basis that they were not "qualified persons" according to Section 24 of the British North America Act of 1867.|
In 1927, Judge Murphy . . . — Map (db m39749) HM
|Ontario, Toronto — South African War Memorial — ("2nd Boer War")|
| . . . — Map (db m57959) WM|
|Ontario (Middlesex County), London — The East London Town Hall|
|Completed in 1884, restored in 1969 as Aeolian Town Hall, served as a centre for political and social life in London East until 1947. — Map (db m18963) HM|
|Quebec, Compton — Louis Stephen St-Laurent — 1882 - 1973|
|St-Laurent was born in Compton. Called to the bar in 1905, he acted for many large companies, and represented the federal government before the Privy Council in London. He entered politics as minister of justice in 1941, served as secretary of state for external affairs (1946-48) and was prime minister from 1948 to 1957. A fervent advocate of national unity, he played a key role in the legal and constitutional development of Canada. He was one of the architects of the new Commonwealth, a signer . . . — Map (db m45461) HM|
|Quebec (Ile-de-Montréal County), Montreal — Le Château Ramezay - Château Ramezay|
| [Royal Coat of Arms of Canada] Le gouverneur de Montréal Claude de Ramezay fit ériger ici en 1705, par Pierre Couturier, un édifice pour lui servir de demeure. La Compagnie des Indes occidentales, qui le posséda de 1745 à 1763, le fit rebâtir et élargir en 1756 selon les plans de Paul Tessier dit Lavigne. Les gouverneurs généraux résidèrent au Château de 1773 à 1844, les envahisseurs américains s’y logèrent en 1775-1776, et le Conseil exécutif y siégea en 1839. Il abrita après 1849, des . . . — Map (db m36937) HM|
|Estonia, Harjumaa MaakondTallinn — Toompea Loss — [Toompea Castle]|
| Aerial photo of the castle and surroundings
Text in Estonian : …
Text in English:
Toompea Castle is the seat of the Parliament of the Republic of Estonia – the Riigikogu
The castle complex is made up of several parts: the west wall and the Tall Hermann tower belongs to the medieval fortress of the Order of the Brothers of the Sword, the Government Administration building represents the Czarist era and is classic in style, and the building of the . . . — Map (db m57027) HM|
|Estonia, Harjumaa MaakondTallinn — Polish Submarine "ORZEŁ" - September 1939 — [Estonian Maritime Museum]|
| Text in Estonian: ...
Text in Polish: 15. Septembril 1939. Aastal
Interneeriti saksa riigi survel Tallinnas
Poola Sõjalaevvastiku allveelaev
Mereväekapten Jan Grudziński juhtimisel võttis relvitu
Laev ööl vastu 18 Septembrit 1939 ette Hulljulge põgenemise
Suurbritanniasse, et sealt Jätkata Voitlust merel.
See Sündmus Oli üheks Ettekäändeks Nõukogude
Sõjaväebaaside Rajamisele eesti territooriumil ja
Eesti Hilisemale . . . — Map (db m57484) HM|
|Estonia, Harjumaa MaakondTallinn — Tallinn Town Hall - Anno 1404|
The only surviving Gothic Town Hall in Northern Europe, the Town Hall in Tallinn was first mentioned in 1322. When the present day building was completed in 1402-1404, Tallinn was a flourishing Hanseatic city. The upper floor with its impressive halls, the arcade and the tower were built in that period.
The Town Hall is traditionally the centre of European municipal government from 1248 Tallinn was governed by Lubeck law, according to which the magistracy elected from the Hansa . . . — Map (db m57129) HM|
|Finland, Uusimaa Region, Helsinki — The Senate Square — Vanhaa Helsinkiä — Gamla Helsingfors|
Seaatintori: Text in Finnish ... :
Senatstorget: Text in Swedish ... :
CEHATCKA: Text in Russian ... :
Text in English:
Helsinki was moved to its current location from the mouth of the River Vantaanjoki in 1640. These blocks have formed the historical centre of the city ever since. There are three streets that give us a faint idea of life in Helsinki centuries ago. The location of Sofiankatu, Katariinankatu and Helenankatu has remained unchanged since the . . . — Map (db m57703) HM|
|France, Île-de-France (Paris), Paris — Porte de la Conference — (Porte de la Conference) — Histoire de Paris|
|La porte de la Conférence marque la limite ouest de Paris jusqu’a la veille de la Révolution. En 1593, lors du siège de Paris par Henri IV redevenu huguenot, les Ligueurs utilisent cette sortie pour se rendre à Suresnes négocier avec les représentants du roi. A la suite de cette Conférence, le monarque abjure définitivement le protestantisme: “Paris vaut bien une messe!”. La paix revenue, Marie de Medicis fait aménager le quai, qui prend le nom de “Cours-la-Reyne”. Sous . . . — Map (db m61631) HM|
|Germany, Berlin — Baudenkmal Berliner Mauer — [Berlin Wall Monument]|
| German Text: …
The Berlin Wall became an international symbol of the division of Germany after the Second World War and also of the Cold War between East and West.
The construction of the Berlin Wall began on August 13, 1961. The government of the German Democratic Republic (GDR) built this more than 150-km-long barrier to hermetically seal off East Berlin and the rest of the GDR. More than 2.7 million people had fled the GDR between October 1949 and . . . — Map (db m57785) HM|
|Germany, Berlin — Checkpoint Charlie Site|
| [Panel 1:] During the time Germany and Berlin were divided by THE WALL, the sign which symbolizes world history was standing here: The victorious powers of World War II and the two Germanies confronted each other here, and the Western powers defended the fundamental rights of the special Berlin-Status until the confrontation between USA/USSR tanks. This sign is a copy. The original sign still exists and can be seen in the Haus am Checkpoint Charlie – 40 meters from here. . . . — Map (db m56213) HM|
|Germany, Saxony-Anhalt (Mansfeld-Südharz District), Lutherstadt Eisleben — Markt 54 Birthplace of Alwin Sörgel — Markt 54 Geburtshaus von Alwin Sörgel|
Spokesman for the Democrats 1848/1849 and co-founder of cooperative banking
• 26 May 1815
Alwin Sörgel was the son of merchant Ernst August Sörgel. He immigrated to Texas in 1845, but returned after two years and took over his father's business in Eisleben.
In the wake of the German Revolution in 1848/49 he was the spokesman of the Eislebener Democrats and co-founder of the Liberal People's Association. As editor of the "People's sheet for the county of Mansfeld," . . . — Map (db m70244) HM|
|Germany, Saxony-Anhalt (Wittenberg District), Lutherstadt Wittenberg — Johann Schneidewin — (1519 - 1568)|
Jurist, kurfürstl. Rat
Lawyer, Electoral Council
University Professor — Map (db m69782) HM|
|Germany, Saxony-Anhalt (Wittenberg District), Lutherstadt Wittenberg — Lucas Cranach d. Ältere — (1472 - 1553)|
Maler und Unternehmer
1537 - 1544 Bürgermeister
Artist and Entrepreneur
1537 - 1544 Mayor — Map (db m69739) HM|
|Germany, Saxony-Anhalt (Wittenberg District), Lutherstadt Wittenberg — Lucas Cranach d. Jüngere — (1515 - 1586)|
Maler und Porträtist
Painter and Portraitist
1565 Mayor — Map (db m69779) HM|
|Germany, Saxony-Anhalt (Wittenberg District), Lutherstadt Wittenberg — Nikolaus Ludwig, Graf v. Zinzendorf — (1700 - 1760)|
gründete Herrnhuter Brüdergemeine
studierte hier von 1716-1719
studied here from 1716-1719 — Map (db m69785) HM|
|Germany, Saxony-Anhalt (Wittenberg District), Lutherstadt Wittenberg — Thomas Müntzer — (1490 - 1525)|
Theologe und Bauernführer
studierte hier 1518
Theologian and Peasant Leader
studied here in 1518 — Map (db m69780) HM|
|Guatemala, Guatemala DepartmentGuatemala City — The Central American Act of Independence — Acta de Independencia de Centroamerica — Independencia de Guatemala|
El Acta de La
se firmo aqui el
The Act of the Independence of Central America was signed here the 15th of September 1821. — Map (db m68561) HM|
|Ireland, Leinster (County Dublin), Dublin — Jeremiah O'Donovan Rossa / Ó Donnabháin Rosa — (1831 - 1915)|
| Ni dhéanfaidh gáeil bhearmao orc go brách
[Gaelic transcription is best effort]
Erected in 1954. An uncut rock of Wicklow granite symbolises the patriot's unbreakable spirit. Into the rock is set a plaque bearing an impression of O'Donovan Rossa's head. — Map (db m25316) HM|
|Ireland, Leinster (County Meath), Bective — Bective Abbey / Mainistir Bheigtí|
| Bective Abbey — from Mainistir Bheigthí (Abbey of Beigtheach)
This Cistercian abbey was founded in 1147 as a “daughter house” of Mellifont Abbey.
The community here was Anglo-Norman. In 1386 men of Irish birth were effectively barred from entering the monastery. The cloister (a covered walkway for contemplation and prayer) and the domestic buildings where the monks lived and worked, were rebuilt on a smaller scale in the 15th century. Two sections of this . . . — Map (db m24752) HM|
|Ireland, Leinster (County Meath), Crossakiel — Jim Connell|
| Author of “The Red Flag”
which became the anthem of the
International Labour Movement
Born Rathniska, Kilskyre 1852
Died Lewisham, London 1929
Oh, grant me an ownerless corner of earth,
Or pick me a hillock of stones,
Or gather the wind wafted leaves of the trees
To cover my socialist bones,
This monument was unveiled on 26th April, 1998 by
Peter Cassells, general secretary, ICTU, before an
international gathering from the trade unions and . . . — Map (db m27347) HM|
|Ireland, Leinster (County Meath), Duleek — Duleek 1916 - 1981 Hunger Strike Monument — and Memorial Garden|
| The Memorial Garden
is named after
Vol. Joe Coombes, Platin Road.
Vol. Noel Gallagher, Mountfield, Co. Tyrone
Vol. Harry McCormick, Prioryland, Duleek
and is in memory of
all those who dedicated their lives
to and for the cause of Irish freedom.
This monument was unveiled by
Paddy Sheils (Snr), Garballagh
and Jimmy Lynch, Kentstown
The Memorial Garden
Was Officially Opened
On 15th June 2008
By Ex-Portlaoise Hungerstriker . . . — Map (db m27220) HM|
|Ireland, Ulster (County Donegal), Donegal Town — 175 — The Franciscan Friary of Donegal|
Founded 1474 and richly endowed by the Lady Nuala O'Connor and the Lady Nuala O'Brien, wives of successive O'Donnell chieftains.
The Friary followed the usual Franciscan layout of church on the south side, with cloisters and conventual buildings to the north. Its present ruinous state dates from 1601 when it was turned into a fortress by Niall Garbh O'Donnell and his English allies and besieged by Red Hugh.
Donegal Friary and its possessions were confiscated in 1607 following the . . . — Map (db m71600) HM|
|Italy, Lazio (Rome Province), Rome — Arch of Constantine|
| IMP • CAES • FL • CONSTANTINO • MAXIMO • P • F • AVGUSTO • S • P • Q • R • QVOD • INSTINCTV • DIVINITATIS • MENTIS • MAGNITVDINE • CVM • EXERCITV • SVO • TAM • DE • TYRANNO • QVAM • DE • OMNI • EIVS • FACTIONE • VNO • TEMPORE • IVSTIS • REM-PVBLICAM • VLTVS • EST • ARMIS • ARCVM • TRIVMPHIS • INSIGNEM • DICAVIT [English trans.:]
To the Emperor Caesar Flavius Constantinus, the greatest, pious, and blessed Augustus: because he, inspired by the divine, and by the greatness of his . . . — Map (db m47768) HM|
|Italy, Lazio (Rome Province), Rome — Vittorio Emanuele II — [Capitoline Hill]|
| Monumento a Vittorio Emanuele II
Architetti: G. Sacconi, P. Piacentini, G. Koch, M. Manfredi
Renderings of the Monument:
Pianta * Sezione longitudianle * Prospeto
[Left column - Text in Italian…]
Right column - Text in English:
The Monument to Vittorio Emanuele IInd is situated in the Campitelli district which was the site of many great undertakings throughout the centuries. Nowadays, not many people actually live here, for . . . — Map (db m47437) HM|
|New Zealand, Auckland, Auckland CBD — Lord Freyberg Statue|
|Lieutenant-General Bernard Cyril Freyberg, 1st Baron Freyberg VC, GCMG, KCB, KBE, DSO & Three Bars, was a British-born New Zealand Victoria Cross recipient and soldier who later served as the seventh Governor-General of New Zealand. — Map (db m61296) HM|
|Palestinian Territories, West Bank, Bethlehem — Nativity Church|
| (Arabic inscription preceedes English inscription)
The oldest church in use, the Nativity Church is home to the birthplace of Jesus Christ. The Byzantine Queen Helena inaugurated the construction of a Basilica at the Nativity in 339 A.D. at the site where the Roman Emperor Hadrian had built a shrine dedicated to Adonis. The Basilica was destroyed and rebuilt by Emperor Justinian in 531 A.D. and reinforced to its present fortress shape by Tancrea in 1169 A.D. During Ottoman rule, the . . . — Map (db m44631) HM|
|Philippines, Cavite Province, Corregidor Island — Malinta Tunnel|
| Begun in 1922 and substantially completed in 1932, the tunnel complex consisted of east-west passage measuring 836 ft. long by 24 ft. wide 13 laterals on its north side and 11 laterals on the south side. Reinforced with concrete walls. Floor and overhead arches with blowers to furnish fresh air and a double-track electric car line along the main tunnel, Malinta provided bombproof shelter for the 1000 bed hospital, MacArthur’s USAFFE headquarters, shops and vast labyrinth storehouse during the . . . — Map (db m63648) HM WM|
|Philippines, Laguna, Calamba — José Rizal Monument|
| Panel 1: (Text in Tagalog/Pilipino:) José Rizal (1861-1896)
Pambansang Bayani ng Pilipinas, doctor, agrimensor, dalubwika, manunulat, makata, eskultor at pintor. Isinilang sa Calamba, Laguna, 19 Hunyo 1861. May-akda ng Noli Me Tangere (1887) at El Filibusterismo (1887), mga nobelang higit pang nagpaalab sa mga Filipino na maghimagsik laban sa Espanya. Dinakip at ipinatapon sa Dapitan, hilagang Mindanao, 6 Hulyo 1892. Nagboluntaryo bilang manggagamot ng puwersang Espanyol sa Cuba, 1896, . . . — Map (db m63619) HM|
|Philippines, Leyte (Palo), Palo City — Leyte Landing/Paglunsad sa Leyte|
| Panel 1 (Text in Filipino):
Sa pook na ito sa Palo, Leyte nagbalik sa Filipinas si Heneral Douglas MacArthur noong 20 Oktubre 1944 at personal na nanguna sa mabilisang pagtataboy sa hukbong Hapones na nasa Pilipinas. Ang Pangulong Sergio Osmeña at ilang kagawad ng nagdestiyerong pamahalaan ay dumating kasamg ni Hen. MacArthur at kumilos para sa muling pagtatatag, pagpapanumbalik, at pangangasiwa sa pamahalaang Komonwelt ng Filipinas. Ipinahayag ng pambansang tandang . . . — Map (db m63620) HM WM|
|Philippines, Manila, Ermita — Cosmopolitan Church|
In Tagalog: Itinatag bilang Cosmopoilta Student Church sa ilalim ng Pihlippine Methodist Church, Marso 1933. Itinalaga sa pook na ito, 1936. Kanlungan at sentro ng gawain ng mga kasapi ng simbahang lihim na kabilang sa kilusang gerilya, 1942-1944. Inokupahan ng mga hapon, Setyembre 1944. Muling ipinatayo matapos masunong noong Labanan ng Maynila, 1945. Isa sa mga simbahang nagtatag ng United Church of Christ in the Philippines (UCCP), 1948. Inialay ang bagong santuaryo, 14 Disyembre . . . — Map (db m25103) HM|
|Philippines, Zambales (Subic Bay Metropolitan Authority), Olongapo — Inang Laya Monument — "The Hands That Freed the Nation" — Inang Laya - Mother Country|
| Let the Dozen Hands pay tribute to the Magnificent Twelve Senators of the Republic of the Philippines who on September 16, 1991, stood up and declared “NO” to the RP US Military Bases Treaty, thus finally ending more than four centuries of foreign military presence in the country.
Let the image of INANG LAYA – MOTHER COUNTRY now unbound and standing proudly be the embodiment of the generation of Filipinos who kept the flames of freedom ablaze during the bleakest moments in . . . — Map (db m68214) HM|
|Philippines, Zambales (Subic Bay Metropolitan Authority), Olongapo City — Subic Bay Metropolitan Authority|
| Five years ago today, this 24th day of November 1997, the U.S. Navy in solemn ceremonies relinquished administration, control and possession of the former Subic Naval Base, after 94 years to the sovereign Philippine government. Presiding over the ceremony was his excellency, President Fidel V. Ramos, Present in the historic turnover were:
For the Philippine Government:
Hon. Roberio R. Romulo, Secretary of Foreign Affairs
Hon. Richard J. Gordon, Mayor, City of . . . — Map (db m68150) HM|
|South Africa, Eastern Cape, Grahamstown — Schönland Building|
|Originally a military hospital, this building was used for the sitting of the house of assembly when the Cape parliament met in Grahamstown in 1864. — Map (db m62646) HM|
|Switzerland, Zurich (Zurich) — Fountain from Paris|
|Fountain from Paris, 1870 to initiate the
1982 World Convention of Water Experts in Zurich.
The four nymphs personify simplicity, purity, sobriety and charity.
They symbolise international co-operation in providing people
everywhere with pure and salubrious water.
(Plaques in French and German are also found on the fountain) — Map (db m67089) HM|
|United Kingdom, Aberdeenshire (Scotland), Aberdeen — The Scottish Parliament|
The Rt Hon Sir David Steel KBE MSP
Presiding Officer of the Scottish Parliament
The City of Aberdeen
To commemorate the occasion of the
Scottish Parliament sitting in Aberdeen
during the period Tuesday 28 to Thursday 30 May 2002 — Map (db m34056) HM|
|United Kingdom, Northern Ireland (County Londonderry), Derry-Londonderry — Bernadette|
|The Artists' first coloured mural is a tribute to the women of Derry and their role in the civil rights campaign. Bernadette Devlin, Britain's youngest MP, addresses the crowd during the Battle of the Bogside: her actions resulted in a six month jail sentence for inciting and taking part in a riot. The woman to her left bangs a dustbin lid on the ground to alert neighbours to the arrival of the authorities. The triangle motif inspired by the gable end is repeated throughout the painting. . . . — Map (db m71187) HM|
|United Kingdom, Northern Ireland (County Londonderry), Derry-Londonderry — Bloody Sunday|
This mural depicts the events of 30th January 1972 when the British Army opened fire on a civil rights demonstration, killing 14 people. A local priest waves a bloodstained handkerchief at the soldiers as he leads a group of men, carry the body of the youngest victim, away from the scene of the shooting. A soldier stands on a civil rights banner: this speaks of the price that people pay for democratic freedom.
What makes our work unique is that, both as artists and as citizens, we are . . . — Map (db m71215) HM WM|
|United Kingdom, Northern Ireland (County Londonderry), Derry-Londonderry — Church Bastion|
The watchers and the watched
There have been watchers on the walls for centuries. In 1627 two watch towers were built near the Cathedral after the guards complained about having to do duty in the rain. In the 19th century the bastions became gardens and most watch towers were demolished: one still survives near here. During the Troubles the British army erected sangars close to the walls to watch over the city. The towers combined accommodation for soldiers with high technology . . . — Map (db m71053) HM|
|United Kingdom, Northern Ireland (County Londonderry), Derry-Londonderry — Civil Rights|
This mural captures the mood of a typical civil rights march in the years up to 1972. Inspired by the civil disobedience campaign of Martin Luther King in the United States, young and old, Catholics and Protestants, politicians and mothers took to the streets to march for their democratic rights.
Our intention was to describe it as it was, a happy, almost festive occasion conducted by people who were content that they were standing up, at long last, against prolonged injustice. — Map (db m71434) HM|
|United Kingdom, Northern Ireland (County Londonderry), Derry-Londonderry — H Block Hunger Strike Memorial|
IRA. Vol. Bobby Sands,
Born 9th March 1954
Died 5th May 1981
Age: 27 (66 Days).
IRA. Vol. Francis Hughes,
Born 28th Feb 1956
Died 12th May 1981
Age: 25 (59 Days)
INLA. Vol. Patsy O'Hara,
Born 11th July 1957
Died 21st May 1981
Age: 23 (61 Days)
IRA. Vol. Raymond McCreesh,
Born 25th Feb 1957
Died 21st May 1981
Age: 24 (61 Days)
IRA. Vol. Joe McDonnell,
Born 14th Step 1951
Died 8th July 1981
Age: 30 [sic - 29] (61 Days)
Let Our Revenge Be The . . . — Map (db m71219) WM|
|United Kingdom, Northern Ireland (County Londonderry), Derry-Londonderry — Mc Nutt, Phelan, and Mc Shane Memorial|
In proud and loving memory of
I.N.L.A. Volunteer Colm Mc Nutt
Killed in Action 12th Decembert 1977
Comrade Patrick “Hessy” Phelan
Murdered in New York, 21st January 1996
Comrade Dermot “Tonto” Mc Shane
Murdered by British Army, 13th July 1996
“thig leo an reabhlóideach a mharú,
Ach ní thig leo an réabhlóid a mharú choiche” — Map (db m71442) WM|
|United Kingdom, Northern Ireland (County Londonderry), Derry-Londonderry — Motorman|
Free Derry ended at 4am on 30th July 1972 when thousands of British troops in tanks and armoured cars invaded the Bogside and Creggan 'no-go' areas. During Operation Motorman, they tore down the barricades with bulldozers. The Artists chose the image of a soldier battering down a door to express the sheer ferocity of the onslaught. With its contrasting light and shadow, the mural becomes a powerful statement against war.
Our work commemorates the real price paid by a naïve and . . . — Map (db m71284) HM|
|United Kingdom, Northern Ireland (County Londonderry), Derry-Londonderry — Seán Keenan / Ó Cianáin|
In proud and loving memory of
Seán Keenan 1914 - 1993
Volunteer. Óglaigh na h-Éireann
Derry Citizens' Defence Association
Republican Sinn Fein
Fluent Irish Speaker
and active G.A.A. Supporter
He spent 15 years interned without trial
His life-long struggle against oppression
and for the All-Ireland Republic
continues to inspire his people
His wife Nancy died 1st October 1970
Also his son Colm
Died in active service on 14th . . . — Map (db m71208) HM WM|
|United Kingdom, Northern Ireland (County Londonderry), Derry-Londonderry — The Peace Mural|
| This mural shows a dove and an oak leaf, as symbols of hope for the city’s future. The dove is the name of St Columba, the city’s founder, who is said to have built his monastery in an oak grove. The background mosaic of the colours of the spectrum expresses what the Artists mean by peace.
The colours of the mural say that peace without freedom is no peace at all. — Map (db m71440) HM|
|United Kingdom, Northern Ireland (County Londonderry), Derry-Londonderry — The Peace Process|
After the 1981 hunger strikes the republican movement embarked on a political process that resulted in the IRA ceasefire in August 1994. Loyalist paramilitaries declared their ceasefire in October 1994. In 1998 local politicians and the British and Irish governments signed the Good Friday Agreement, which paved the way for the current locally elected assembly at Stormont.
An Próiséas Síochána
Tar éis stailceanna ocrais 1981 ghabh gluaiseacht na poblachta do phróiséas polaitiúil a . . . — Map (db m71218) HM|
|Alabama (Barbour County), Clayton — George Corley Wallace, Lurleen Burns Wallace Governors of Alabama|
|George and Lurleen Wallace spent much time at Memorial Hall with their involvement in community events and the education of their children. They served 17 years as Governor and were the only husband and wife to serve as Alabama’s Governor. Wallace served an unprecedented four terms as Governor – Jan. 14, 1963 – Jan. 16, 1967, Jan. 18, 1971 – Jan. 15, 1979, Jan. 17, 1983 – Jan. 19, 1987. When he could not succeed himself Lurleen ran and was inaugurated Jan. 16, 1967. She . . . — Map (db m62807) HM|
|Alabama (Barbour County), Clayton — Jere Locke Beasely — Acting Governor of Alabama June 5 – July 7, 1972|
|Jere Locke Beasley was born in Tyler, Texas on December 12, 1935. At a young age, Beasley and his family moved to Clayton, Alabama very near the Pratt’s Station Community in which great-great-grandfather had settled in 1819. He served as the 22nd Lieutenant Governor of Alabama from January 18, 1971 to January 15, 1979. Beasley was in his first term when Governor George Wallace was severely wounded in an assassination attempt on May 15, 1972. Since Wallace was out-of-state for more than 20 days . . . — Map (db m62763) HM|
|Alabama (Barbour County), Comer — Election Riot of 1874|
|Near here is old Spring Hill, the site of one of the polling places for the November 3, 1874 local, state and national elections. Elias M. Keils, scalawag and judge of the Circuit Court of Eufaula, was United States Supervisor at the Spring Hill ballot box. William, his 16 year old son, was with him. After the polls closed, a mob broke into the building, extinguished the lights, destroyed the poll box and began shooting. During the riot, Willie Keils was mortally wounded. The resulting . . . — Map (db m60894) HM|
|Alabama (Calhoun County), Piedmont — Cross Plains - Piedmont|
|Cross Plains citizens voted for incorporation March 10, 1871. A second vote was cast for reincorporation May 15, 1882. By the acts of the Alabama Legislature of 1888, Cross Plains became Piedmont September 30, 1888. Mayors for both Cross Plains and Piedmont are Listed.
J. F. Dailey 1871-1874
J. N. Hood 1874-1882
J. A Woolf 1882-1883
John H. Hall 1883-1884
J. A Woolf 1884-1885
S. D. McClelen 1885-1887
J. W. Harris 1887-1888
J. N. Hood 1888-1890
A. D. McCollister . . . — Map (db m27992) HM|
|Alabama (Colbert County), Tuscumbia — Belle Mont|
|Built between 1828 and 1832, Belle Mont is a foremost example of Jeffersonian Palladian Architecture in the deep south and one of Alabama's first great plantation houses.
It was build for Dr. Alexander W. Mitchell, a native of Virginia, and a graduate of the University of Edinburgh, Scotland, and one of the first large scale~ planters and slaveholders in this area.
In 1833 this 1,680~ acre plantation was sold by Mitchell to another Virginian Native, Isaac Winston.
Winston, also a . . . — Map (db m29561) HM|
|Alabama (Colbert County), Tuscumbia — Howell Thomas Heflin — 1921~2005|
|Howell Thomas Heflin retired from a lifetime of distinguished public service in 1997, having served Alabama in the U.S. Senate for three consecutive terms. There he was known as a national leader on judicial, agricultural, defense, and space issues. As Chief Justice of the Alabama Supreme Court from 1971 to 1977, he modernized the state's court system. Heflin was a Marine Corps officer during World War II, attaining the rank of major and awarded the Silver Star and Purple Heart. Howell T. . . . — Map (db m28586) HM|
|Alabama (Colbert County), Tuscumbia — Sacred Tears — By Branko Medenica — September 19, 2003|
| Panel 1
Tuscumbia and much of the Shoals area played an integral part in the "Trail of Tears" with the Tennessee River route and the overland routes. In 1825, the U.S. Government formally adopted a removal policy, which was carried out extensively in the 1830's by Presidents Andrew Jackson and Martin Van Buren. The result was particularly overwhelming for the Indians of the southeast, primarily the Cherokee, Chickasaw, Choctaw, Creek and Seminole. While some resisted removal by . . . — Map (db m29285) HM|
|Alabama (Dale County), Midland City — Richmond - First County Seat Henry County / Richmond - First County Seat Dale County|
Richmond - First County Seat
Henry County was created December 13, 1819; David Caldwell first Probate Judge, held court in homes of early settlers. Richmond was selected in 1822 for first county seat. Creation of Dale County (in 1824, from western part of Henry County and other lands), resulted in removal of Henry County seat to Columbia. In 1826, Henry County was authorized to levy a tax to help pay Robert Irwin and Pelatiah Whitehurst for building a . . . — Map (db m71585) HM|
|Alabama (Dale County), Newton — Newton — Town on the Hill 1834 / Third County Seat of Dale County|
Town on the Hill - 1843
Newton was hub of Dale County activities from 1843 until 1870. During War Between the States (1861-1865), Newton was center of recruiting, including the Home Guards. In March 1865, local militia repulsed attack by band of irregulars. Board of Physicians established 1856 to issue licenses. The Southern Star first published here in 1867. Newton was port for river boats (until railroad built in 1890). Home of Killebrew's Mill, Kill Kare Kamp, . . . — Map (db m71586) HM|
|Alabama (Elmore County), Wetumpka — Williams Lowndes Yancey|
One half mile from this site
is the home of
William Lowndes Yancey
Southern Secession Leader
Silver Tongued Orator — Map (db m71550) HM|
|Alabama (Lauderdale County), Florence — Edward Asbury O'Neal, III|
|Serving 16 years as president of the American Farm Bureau Federation (1931-1947), Mr. O'Neal developed major New Deal farm policies in the Franklin D. Roosevelt Administration.
City of Florence
Walk of Honor — Map (db m28906) HM|
|Alabama (Lauderdale County), Florence — General Arthur E. Brown, Jr.|
|A 1953 graduate of West Point, Gen. Brown culminated a 36-year military career as Director of the Army Staff (1983-1987) and Vice-Chief of Staff of the U.S. Army (1987-1989).
City of Florence Walk of Honor — Map (db m29267) HM|
|Alabama (Lauderdale County), Florence — General John Coffee|
|Through his personal and business relationship with Andrew Jackson, Gen. Coffee led Jackson's cavalry in the Battle of New Orleans in 1815 and became a celebrated American hero.
City of Florence
Walk of Honor — Map (db m28896) HM|
|Alabama (Lauderdale County), Florence — James Thomas Rapier|
|Lawyer and statesman James T. Rapier, a son of free African-American parents in Florence, holds the distinction of being just the second African-American from Alabama to be elected, in 1873, to the U.S. Congress.
City of Florence Walk of Honor — Map (db m28887) HM|
|Alabama (Lauderdale County), Florence — John McKinley Associate Justice, U.S. Supreme Court|
|John McKinley (1780~1852), native of Virginia, prominent attorney, member of Cypress Land Company, built a large three story mansion near this site in 1820's which later burned. McKinley served in Alabama Legislature, U.S. Senate (1826~31); was appointed Associate Justice, United States Supreme Court, by President Van Buren; served 1837~52. Died in Louisville, Ky. — Map (db m28926) HM|
|Alabama (Lauderdale County), Florence — Justice John A. McKinley|
|First serving as a member of the U.S. Senate (1826-1830), John McKinley was appointed to the U.S. Supreme Court by President Van Buren, becoming the first justice from Alabama. — Map (db m29265) HM|
|Alabama (Lauderdale County), Florence — Justice John McKinley Federal Building|
| Side A
Named for Alabama's first United States Supreme Court Justice, John McKinley made his home in Florence, Alabama from about 1821 to 1842. Born May 1, 1780 in Culpepper County, Virginia, he died July 19, 1852 and is buried in Louisville, Kentucky. McKinley was an early setter of Huntsville, Alabama and resided in the Howard Weeden Home. As a member of the Cypress Land Company, he was one of the seven founders of Florence in 1818. McKinley helped establish one of Florence's first . . . — Map (db m28930) HM|
|Alabama (Lauderdale County), Florence — Maj. Gen. George W. Goethals|
|In 1891, G.W. Goethals, in his role as supervisor of public works on the Tennessee River, reported directly to the Secretary of War. Later, he was Chief Engineer for the construction of the Panamal Canal.
City of Florence
Walk of Honor — Map (db m29099) HM|
|Alabama (Lawrence County), Courtland — The African ~ American Experience|
African~Americans played a very significant role in the early history of Courtland. Most came as slaves from the older southern states to help clear the land, to plant crops of cotton and corn, and to serve as household domestics. President Thomas Jefferson’s great~grandson, William S. Bankhead, brought his personal servant and valet, Jupiter, from Monticello when he settled near Courtland in the 1840s. Skilled slave craftsmen also assisted in constructing many Courtland . . . — Map (db m29009) HM|
|Alabama (Lawrence County), Courtland — The Town of Courtland / Early Settlers — 1819|
|Side A Federal lands in this area were first sold in 1818 and quickly purchased by settlers and speculators. A group of investors calling themselves the “Courtland Land Company” and consisting of William H. Whitaker, James M. Camp, William F. Broadnax, John M. Tifford, Benjamin Thomas and Bernard McKiernan acquired the future town site and had it laid off in a gridiron street pattern containing 300 lots. These were immediately put up for sale. In hopes that Courtland would . . . — Map (db m28989) HM|
|Alabama (Lawrence County), Moulton — Cheatham Road|
|Wyatt Cheatham (1769-1856) was one of the early settlers of Lawrence County and bought land near Wren in 1818. The Alabama Legislature on 14 Dec 1824 authorized him, "to open out and make a road leading from at or near the Gum Pond in said county to Tuscaloosa". The act authorized him to erect turnpike gates and collect tolls for passage. The Gum Pond near the Leola Road was located on Payne’s Road about 7 miles south of Moulton. The Cheatham Road was to be 18 feet wide with 12 feet cleared of . . . — Map (db m37450) HM|
|Alabama (Lawrence County), Moulton — General Leroy Pope Walker|
|General Leroy Pope Walker was born 7 Feb 1817 in Madison County, Al., son of John W. Walker (1784~1823). John was House Speaker of the AL Territory, the first constitutional convention president, the first US AL senator, and namesake of Walker County, AL. After attending the Universities of AL and VA and admission to the bar, Leroy P. Walker began his political career in Lawrence County. He served in the General Assembly from 1843 to 1849 and again from 1853 to 1857. He also served as speaker . . . — Map (db m69669) HM|
|Alabama (Lawrence County), Moulton — Judge Thomas M. Peters|
|A scientist of national fame, Peters (1810-1888) lived for many years in Moulton with his wife Naomi (Leetch), a relative of President James K. Polk, who possibly visited here. A man of many talents, Peters was a noted linguist, early civil rights and women's suffrage activist, and lawyer. At various times, he was a newspaper publisher, educator, state representative and senator, Alabama Supreme Court Chief Justice, Alabama Constitutional Convention delegate, and a pro-Union Republican leader. . . . — Map (db m69670) HM|
|Alabama (Lawrence County), Wheeler — Home of Gen. Joseph Wheeler — 1836~1906|
|"Fighting Joe Wheeler"
Confederate Cavalry Commander of Army of Tennessee.
Major~General, Cavalry,U.S.A. in Spanish American War
One of Alabama's representatives in the Statuary Hall in Washington. — Map (db m29556) HM|
|Alabama (Limestone County), Athens — Governor George S. Houston Home|
This house was purchased by George S. Houston in 1845 and was his home until his death here on 31st December 1879. Houston served the people of Alabama in public office for thirty six years. His long and distinguished political career began in 1832 and included; one term in the Alabama state legislature, three terms as circuit solicitor, nine terms in the U. S. House of Representatives, two terms as Governor of Alabama and he was twice elected to the U. S. Senate. Due to his . . . — Map (db m54835) HM|
|Alabama (Limestone County), Belle Mina — Belle Mina / Woodside|
| Marker Front Thomas Bibb built this grand house in 1826 and named it Belle Manor beautiful home but local pronunciation altered it to Belle Mina.
The home which stayed in the Bibb family until 1940 was the seat of Bibb's large plantation and furnished the name of the small town nearby.
The town of Belle Mina developed around a railroad station intended for the nearby town of Mooresville, the residents of which didn't want it built too close to their homes and business.
While . . . — Map (db m29283) HM|
|Alabama (Limestone County), Capshaw — Nicholas Davis|
|Born April 23, 1781 in Hanover Co. Virginia, married there to Martha Hargrave of a wealthy Quaker family. He served as U.S. Marshall and in other positions. Moved to Kentucky in 1808. Was a Captain in the WAR OF 1812 and became a political and personal ally of Henry Clay.
He settled here on several hundred acres and built his large log home "WALNUT GROVE" in 1817. Here he entertained large numbers of guests for days at a time, raced his blooded horses and lived the life of a much admired . . . — Map (db m29284) HM|
|Alabama (Limestone County), Elkmont — Sims Settlement|
| Side A (North side) In the fall of 1806 a group of settlers led by William and James Sims, traveled from east Tennessee on flatboats down the Tennessee River and up the Elk River to this area. They landed near Buck Island and spread out into the surrounding countryside, seeking homesites in what they thought was "government" land that would soon be for sale to settlers. The area they settled, covering several square miles, from Elk River to New Garden became known as "Sims Settlement." . . . — Map (db m64252) HM|
|Alabama (Madison County), Gurley — "Wildwood"|
|Home of Virginia Clay Clopton (1825-1915)
Author and Social Leader who was known in Washington society as "The Belle of the Fifties"
Whose first husband, Clement Claiborne Clay (1817-1882), was United States Senator from Alabama (1853-1861) and Confederate Leader (1861-1865) and Whose second husband, David Clopton (1820-1892), was a United States Congressman from Alabama (1859-1861) and later Associate Justice of the Supreme Court of Alabama. — Map (db m31010) HM|
|Alabama (Madison County), Huntsville — Alabama’s Constitution And Statehood|
|Before statehood, the Alabama Territory had only limited rights of self government. Between July 5 and August 2, 1819, forty-four delegates from across the Territory convened in Huntsville to draft a constitution for statehood. Lawyers, merchants, ministers, planters, farmers, and physicians gathered here to produce a legal framework for self-government to protect the sovereignty of the people. A firm belief in the separation of powers among the legislative, executive, and judicial branches led . . . — Map (db m26592) HM|
|Alabama (Madison County), Huntsville — Tallulah Bankhead / I. Schiffman Building — 1902-1968 / Birthplace of Tallulah Bankhead — Alabama’s Best-Known Actress|
Tallulah Bankhead was the toast of the London theatre in the 1920's, and nationally renowned for her dramatic roles in “The Little Foxes” (1939), “The Skin of Our Teeth” (1942), the movie “Lifeboat” (1944), and as emcee of the “The Big Show“ (NBC Radio, 1950-52). She was born in Huntsville on January 31, 1902, in an apartment of the I. Schiffman Building (see other side). Her father, then Huntsville City Attorney, was later Speaker . . . — Map (db m27850) HM|
|Alabama (Madison County), Madison — "The Roundhouse"|
|This building is a replica of Madison's first city hall and is constructed on the original site of the Madison Depot, it was build in the late 1800's while Capt. John Buchanan Floyd, a Confederate veteran was mayor.
"The Roundhouse" served as the official city hall for town meetings, elections, and town activities such as weddings, hair cutting ( when the barber made his weekly visit), and frequent card games. The original "Roundhouse" was dismantled in approximately 1938. The foundation is . . . — Map (db m28787) HM|
|Alabama (Madison County), Madison — Trail of Tears — Drane Overland Route|
|Early in the 1800's gold was found from Virginia to Alabama including a rich belt on Cherokee Indian land in what is now Dahlonega, GA.
causing a huge influx of miners and a land grab by new settlers.
Pressure and greed from politicians led to the removal of Indians from their homeland by force, fraudulent treaties, and settler hostilities. The U.S. Government sanctioned forced removal by passing the Indian Removal Act of 1830 affecting Cherokee from AL, GA, FL, MS, TN and the Carolina's. . . . — Map (db m28784) HM|
|Alabama (Madison County), Madison — White Hall — 1878|
|This site was the farm of Gilbert G. White Jr., his wife Nancy L. White, and family from 1947 to 2005. Mr. White lived here until his death in 1978. Gilbert G. White Jr. was a descendant of John White, Speaker of the US House of Representatives circa 1838. Gilbert G. White Jr. was the great grandson of Colonel James White, entrepreneur and frontier industrialist from Abington, VA. On December 24, 1824 Col. James White founded the town of Whitesburg, AL south of Huntsville on the Tennessee . . . — Map (db m44268) HM|
|Alabama (Montgomery County), Montgomery — A County Older Than the State — Montgomery County — 1816|
| Created by Mississippi Territorial Legislature from lands ceded by Creek Indian Nation in Treaty of Fort Jackson, 1814. Named for Major Lemuel Purnell Montgomery, killed at Horseshoe Bend, 1814, while leading charge on Indian fortifications. During Colonial times many Indians lived in this area which was claimed by Spanish Florida and French Louisiana, British Carolina, Georgia and West Florida, and Spanish West Florida. The City of Montgomery, incorporated 1819 by Alabama Territorial . . . — Map (db m36579) HM|
|Alabama (Montgomery County), Montgomery — Camellia Designated Alabama State Flower|
The Alabama Legislature approved a bill sponsored by Rep. T.E. Martin of Montgomery County in 1927 that designated the Goldenrod the official state flower. It became law on Sept. 6, 1927, the same day that the Yellowhammer became the official state bird.
In 1959, camellia growers in Butler County argued that the goldenrod was a weed and convinced State Representative Folsom LaMont Glass of Greenville (The Camellia City) to introduce a bill naming the Camellia as the official state . . . — Map (db m70783) HM|
|Alabama (Montgomery County), Montgomery — First White House of the Confederacy|
|Designated Executive Residence by the
Provisional Confederate Congress
February 21, 1861. President Jefferson Davis
and his family lived here until the Confederate
Capitol moved to Richmond summer 1861.
Built by William Sayre 1832-35 at Bibb and
Lee Streets. Moved to present location
by the First White House Association and
dedicated June 3, 1921. — Map (db m7581) HM|
|Alabama (Montgomery County), Montgomery — Governor Jones House|
|Thomas Goode Jones, governor of Alabama from 1890-1894, occupied this house during his long political career which took him from the Montgomery City Council to a federal judgeship. During his two terms as governor, his home was the Executive Mansion and later frequently used as a federal courtroom. Originally a four room cottage, the house was enlarged by Jones in the early '90s. His son, the noted jurist Walter B. Jones, continued to live in his family home and inaugurated Jones Law School in . . . — Map (db m36585) HM|
|Alabama (Montgomery County), Montgomery — Governor Shorter House — 503 S. Lawrence St.|
|Residence of Civil War Governor John Gill Shorter, 1861-63. A strong supporter of Confederacy, Shorter built up defenses of state during war. Growing "Peace Movement" led to his defeat for re-election 1863.
House acquired by Jacob Greil 1878. Held by Greil family until 1910. A former Confederate officer, Greil became prominent Montgomery businessman and civic leader.
House built 1854, in Italianate style by John P. Dickerson. Neo-classical portico, frieze, and interior details added early 1900's. — Map (db m67894) HM|
|Alabama (Montgomery County), Montgomery — Jefferson Davis — June 3, 1808- December 6, 1889 — Soldier Scholar Statesman|
|A graduate of West Point Military Academy, he served the United States as Colonel of Mississippi Volunteers, Mexican War; member of House of Representatives, Senator, and as Secretary of War. Inaugurated President of the provisional government, Confederate States of America, February 18, 1861. — Map (db m36677) HM|
|Alabama (Montgomery County), Montgomery — Jonathan Coggswell Farley / Montgomery's First Election|
| Side A Jonathan Coggswell Farley 1798-1864Farley acquired two lots on this site in 1817. Here he built both the town's first frame store and first frame two-story building, his house. In Farley's store, an election was held January 3, 1820 to create Montgomery's first governing body. Farley and three others were named in an act of the Alabama General Assembly to conduct and manage this first election. Farley was born in Ipswich, Massachusetts in 1798. About 1816, he sailed from . . . — Map (db m36587) HM|
|Alabama (Montgomery County), Montgomery — Montgomery City Hall / Funeral for Hank Williams|
| (Front) Built 1936-37 Following a fire in 1932 that destroyed a 19th century City Hall, architect Frank Lockwood designed a replacement for the same site. With the Depression affecting all construction projects during the period, the city received federal assistance through the Works Progress Administration. Completed in 1937, the City Hall included offices for city officials and an auditorium to accommodate large crowds for public programs, debutante balls and social gatherings. . . . — Map (db m36571) HM|
|Alabama (Montgomery County), Montgomery — Montgomery Theatre|
|Opened in Oct. 1860 as the South moved closer to secession, the theatre was significant in the social, cultural and political life of the city. In the early months, John Wilkes Booth performed here, Bryant Minstrels introduced "Dixie," which was transcribed for the Montgomery Brass Band. Southern leaders Robert Toombs, Alexander Stephens and William L. Yancey addressed packed houses. Later the city's location on route between New Orleans and Atlanta brought performers Edwin Forrest, Joseph . . . — Map (db m36572) HM|
|Alabama (Montgomery County), Montgomery — Smith - Joseph - Stratton House|
|Only surviving residence of former Mayor E.B. Joseph. the Italianate cottage was built c. 1855 by Pickett Chauncey Smith, a merchant in antebellum Montgomery, and father-in-law of E.B. Joseph, who occupied the house from 1880 to 1885. Joseph served on the City Council for six years and was Mayor from 1899 to 1903. He helped develop Highland Park, Montgomery's first suburb, and was president of Montgomery's first streetcar system, the first electric system in the United States. From 1913 to 1921 . . . — Map (db m36583) HM|
|Alabama (Montgomery County), Montgomery — William Lowndes Yancey|
|In the house just north
Statesman, Orator, Secessionist,
Died July 28, 1863 — Map (db m71364) HM|
|Alabama (Randolph County), Wedowee — Site of the Home of William Hugh Smith — Legislator, Governor|
|An opponent of secession, he fled north in 1862. Returning after the Civil War, he was elected first governor under the Constitution of 1868 and served one two-year term. He was one of three Republican governors. — Map (db m19015) HM|
|Alabama (Russell County), Fort Mitchell — John Crowell|
Near here is the site where John Crowell lived, died, and is interred. Colonel Crowell was born in Halifax County, North Carolina, on September 18, 1780; moved to Alabama in 1815, having been appointed as Agent of the United States to the Muscogee Indians. In 1817, he was elected as Alabama's first and only Territorial Delegate to the 15th Congress, where he served from January 29, 1818, until March 3, 1819. Upon Alabama's admission as a State, he was elected its first . . . — Map (db m26116) HM|
|Alabama (Russell County), Phenix City — Albert Love Patterson — January 27, 1891 - June 18, 1954|
Born at New Site, Alabama, he grew up working on his parents’ farm. In 1916 he worked in the oil fields in Texas and joined the Texas National Guard. He married Agnes Benson of Alabama in 1917. In 1918 he was commissioned an officer in the 36th Infantry Division. He was wounded by machine gun fire at St. Etienne, France, during World War I and awarded the French Croix de Guerre with gilt star for bravery. He later received the Purple Heart. His wounds left him crippled for . . . — Map (db m69114) HM|
|Alabama (Russell County), Seale — Old Russell County Courthouse|
|During the Federal occupation of the former Confederate States of America, the Alabama Legislature created Lee County primarily from the northern half of Russell County in 1866 and ordered the selection of the county seat "more centrally located." Government in Russell County was practically non-existent at the time; few records were kept and taxes levied only for favored political purposes. An election was called; Seale won. Simeon O'Neal and Cicero McBride selected this commanding site. John . . . — Map (db m53160) HM|
|Alabama (Saint Clair County), Ashville — The Dean / Inzer House — Home of Lt. Col. / Judge John Washington Inzer|
|Greek revival antebellum home built by Moses Dean in 1852, acquired by John W. Inzer in 1866. Home occupied by Inzer family from 1866 to 1987. In July 1987 home and its contents, including extensive law library, deeded by family heirs to St. Clair Camp 308, Sons of Confederate Veterans, to become museum in honor of Lt. Col. & Judge John W. Inzer. Museum is maintained for educational purposes and public awareness. Museum incorporated December 1988 as a non-profit corporation.
John . . . — Map (db m28092) HM|
|Alabama (Walker County), Jasper — First United Methodist Church Jasper/President Franklin Delano Roosevelt — Attends Funeral of William Brockman Bankhead — Speaker of the U.S. House of Representatives|
|Side 1 Methodism came to Jasper with the city's founder, Dr. Edward Gordon Musgrove, who donated land for the courthouse and for most of downtown Jasper. In 1826, he and others constructed a building of large hewn logs that was used as both a Methodist church and a school. Around 1858, a two-story frame church building was constructed. Unsubstantiated local accounts state the church was burned to the ground in March of 1865 by General James H. Wilson's cavalry corps. Another frame . . . — Map (db m29981) HM|
|Alabama (Walker County), Jasper — William Brockman Bankhead Home — 1874-1940 — Speaker of the United States House of Representatives|
|William Brockman Bankhead served Alabama in the U.S. Congress from 1917 until 1940.
For the last four years of his life, during Franklin D. Roosevelt's presidency, he served as the 47th Speaker of the House.
He was the son of U.S. Senator John Hollis Bankhead, and the brother of U.S. Senator John Hollis Bankhead, Jr. An 1893 graduate of the University of Alabama, where he played fullback on the school's first football team. Bankhead earned his law degree from Georgetown University. He was . . . — Map (db m29980) HM|
|Arizona (Coconino County), Grand Canyon National Park — Mission 66|
| Responding to mounting political and public pressure, Congress authorized a ten-year program in 1955 to regenerate and modernize the national parks dubbed "Mission 66" for the target date of 1966, the National Park Service's 50th anniversary. The Albright Training Center is among the hundreds of new facilities built to accomodate the needs of the public and the National Park Service in the post World War II years.
[Drawing below text is of the Fort Necessity National Battlefield visitor center, 1964] — Map (db m39587) HM|
|Arizona (Gila County), Globe — From Globe to Governor|
|George W.P. Hunt, Arizona's first Governor, arrived in Globe as a poor prospector. His first job was sweeping out a Saloon, but he eventually served four terms as Governor, beginning at Statehood in 1912. He campaigned on the back of a burro and gave away jars of his wife's homemade jams. His house considerably changed still stands here in Globe.
Rose Mofford grew up here, and graduated from Globe High School. She was an excellent athlete and scholar, but her father refused to send her to . . . — Map (db m67465) HM|
|Arizona (Maricopa County), Tempe — George W. P. Hunt / Arizona's First Governor — Born 1859 Died 1934|
| [Main Marker]Entombment of
George W. P. Hunt
Born 1859 Died 1934
Colorful Arizona pioneer and statesman. Member of various territorial legislatures. President, Arizona Constitutional Convention 1910. Elected Arizona's 1st, 2nd, 3rd, 6th, 7th, 8th and 10th Governor to set a national record. Also entombed here are his wife, Duette, her parents, the J. W. Ellisons, and her sister Lena Ellison.
[Second Marker]Arizona's First Governor,
George Wylie Paul Hunt . . . — Map (db m30405) HM|
|Arizona (Pima County), Tucson — Site of Arizona's Second Territorial Capitol|
|An adobe building at this site housed Arizona's Government from 1868 – 1877, when Tucson was capitol of the territory. One of the meeting rooms of this second territorial capitol became the home of the pioneer Drachman family.
Source: Historical Markers within the Arizona Department of Transportation Right of Way. Prepared by: Roadside Development Section, April 1, 1997 — Map (db m51454) HM|
|Arizona (Pima County), Tucson — The Tucson Tragedy|
|Honoring the victims of the event of
January 8, 2011
The Tucson Tragedy - - -
we shall never forget — Map (db m51467) HM|
|Arizona (Pinal County), Florence — Walker – Oury House|
|Originally a Sonoran adobe row house built C. 1877 for John D. Walker friend, agent, and physician to the Pima Indians at Sacaton. This building was used as courtroom and county offices during his terms as justice of the peace, county surveyor and probate judge. Walker was an early investor in the Vekol Mine and wrote the first Pima grammar text. Here Pauline Cushman, noted Union Civil War Spy and actress, wed Jere Freyer. The building was purchased (1886) by Granville Oury, delegate to the . . . — Map (db m68386) HM|
|Arizona (Pinal County), Superior — Robert Taylor 'Bob' Jones — February 8, 1884 – June 11, 1958|
|Born in Rutledge, Tennessee, he became a self-taught construction engineer and builder of railroads. In 1909, he settled in the mining town of Superior, site of the Magma Copper Company. He opened his first drug store in Superior in 1913, later expanding into Phoenix and Tucson. He began his commitment to public service in 1916.
1916 – 1921 Postmaster • 1931 – 1939 State Senator
1939 – 1940 Sixth Governor – State of Arizona — Map (db m34104) HM|
|Arkansas (Carroll County), Eureka Springs — The Western District Courthouse|
| Eureka Springs was incorporated on Valentine's Day in 1880. At that time, the only courthouse was in the county seat of Berryville, some 12 miles to the east. This was a great distance at the time, the roads were bad, and the King's River had to be forded if it was passable. As a result, the citizens of Eureka Springs petitioned for their own courthouse, and in 1883, the Arkansas General Assembly enacted legislation to create the Western Judicial District of Carroll County. In 1906 Claude A. . . . — Map (db m59962) HM|
|Arkansas (Lonoke County), Lonoke — Lonoke Landmarks|
| Joseph Taylor Robinson Home - 204 NE Front St. Practiced law in Lonoke - 1893-1912 U.S. Congressman - 1902-1913. Governor of Arkansas - January - March 1913. U.S. Senator - 1913-1937. Lonoke was named for lone oak tree, surveyors landmark for Memphis-Little Rock Railroad - 1858. The tree grew at 106 McKinley. Eberts Field, U.S.Signal Corps Aviation Training School on 640 acres Hwy 89N, donated by citizens, was named for Lt. M.M. Eberts, aviator killed - 1917. — Map (db m65710) HM|
|Arkansas (Lonoke County), Lonoke — F 25 — Senator Joe T Robinson — Lonoke County|
|Senator Joseph Taylor Robinson, Arkansas' outstanding statesman was born six miles northwest of this place in 1872. He lived in Lonoke and practiced law; was elected to Congress and served ten years; moved to Little Rock in 1912; served as Governor in 1913 until he resigned to qualify as United States Senator in the same year. Served as Chairman of the Minority Conference 1922 until 1933, when he became Chairman of the Democratic Majority in the Senate, which position he still holds this centennial year of 1936. — Map (db m65713) HM|
|Arkansas (Mississippi County), Osceola — William J. Driver|
|In memory of the honorable William J. Driver.Former Circuit Judge and Congressman, a lifelong citizen of Osceola, Arkansas. Born March 2, 1873. Died October 1, 1948. As a member of the Rivers and Harbors and Flood Control Committees of the Congress of the United States, he shaped and, by his superb leadership, caused the enactment of laws which curbed the mighty Mississippi, the St. Francis, and the other rivers of this area and minimized the danger of devastating floods. Recognized as the . . . — Map (db m36532) HM|
|Arkansas (Washington County), Fayetteville — James William Fulbright|
President of University of Arkansas 1939-1941.
U.S. Representative 1943-1944.
U.S. Senator 1945.
Delegate to the United Nations 1954.
Author of Fulbright Resolution for International Cooperation 1943.
Originator of Fulbright International Exchange Scholarship Program.
Attended University Training School Primary through High School.
Student in University of Arkansas 1921-1925.
B.A. 1925. Letterman 1921, 22, 23, 24.
Rhodes Scholar Oxford U. B.A. M.A. 1928.
L.L.B. George . . . — Map (db m59915) HM|
|Arkansas (Washington County), Fayetteville — The State and Land-Grant University of Arkansas|
| The University of Arkansas came into being under the Morrell Land-Grant College Act of 1862, through which federal land sales established colleges devoted to “agriculture and mechanic arts,” scientific and classical studies, and military tactics for the “liberal and practical education of the industrial classes.” It also satisfied the provision in the Arkansas Constitution of 1868 that the General Assembly “establish and maintain a State University.” . . . — Map (db m59913) HM|
|California (Alameda County), Berkeley — Workingman’s Hall — 1879 — Berkeley History|
|Originally located at Sixth and Delaware streets, this simple wooden building was constructed by volunteers from the Workingman’s Club, a west Berkeley political organization. Built as a reading room for laborers, it was used briefly as Berkeley’s town hall shortly after completion. In 1882, a Methodist congregation moved the building to this location. It later was home to a succession of churches, schools, and fraternal organizations.
The rustic gabled structure without ornamentation is . . . — Map (db m53836) HM|
|California (Alameda County), Oakland — The Pardee House|
| Built in 1868 by Enoch H, Pardee (1827-96), physician, Mayor of Oakland, State Assemblyman, and Senator, it was the home of the families E. H. Pardee and his son, George C. Pardee (1857- 1941) physician, Mayor of Oakland, Governor of California (1903-07), and President of the East Bay Municipal Utility District. — Map (db m71298) HM|
|California (Amador County), Fiddletown — 35 — Fiddletown-Oleta|
|California Historical Landmark
—— Fiddletown-Oleta ——
Settled in 1849 by a party from Missouri. According to tradition they were always fiddling, especially while waiting for the rainy season—hence the name..... It was changed by state legislature in 1878 to Oleta, an Indian name said to mean “Old Home Spring.”
By order of • Reg. No. 35
Department of Natural Resources
• State of California • — Map (db m2539) HM|
|California (Amador County), Jackson — Anthony Caminetti|
|Erected by the Citizens of
Amador County California in
A native of Jackson,
Born July 30 1854
Died November 17 1923
District Attorney, State Senator, United States Congressman, United State Commissioner General of Immigration,
The first native Californian to be elected to Congress, author of bills creating California Debris Commission, Preston School of Industry at Ione, California Junior Colleges, Father of Alpine State Highway, A . . . — Map (db m72067) HM|
|California (Amador County), Sutter Creek — 1854 · Amador County · 1954|
|Amador County, carved from Calaveras and El Dorado, was organized July 3, 1854, at the crossroads of Sutter Hill.
Act of Legislature, May 11, 1854, set June 17, 1854, as election date for people to vote on such a division, and appointed five organization commissioners:
W.L. McKimm, Chairman; E.W. Gemmill; A.J. Sneath; A.Boileau; and A. Platt, Secretary.
They transacted business at Tucker’s Ranch as follows:
1. Established election precincts;
2. Set July 17, 1854, as election . . . — Map (db m11222) HM|
|California (Butte County), Thermalito — Hamilton — 1917|
Argonaut Parlor No. 8
Native Sons of the Golden West
Butte County Board of Supervisors
to designated the site of the first
county seat of Butte County.
1851 – 1858
Site of Court House was 600 yds. East
of this point. — Map (db m65839) HM|
|California (El Dorado County), Placerville — Thomas Maul — Superior Judge — 1885 – 1954|
This plaque is a memorial
To our beloved citizen
Who sponsored this park
and many other civic improvements — Map (db m13172) HM|
|California (Inyo County), Independence — 850 — Manzanar|
|In the early part of the World War II, 110,000 persons of Japanese ancestry were interned in relocation centers by Executive Order No. 9066, issued on February 19, 1942.
Manzanar, the first of ten such concentration camps, was bounded by barbed wire and guard towers, confining 10,000 persons, the majority being American citizens.
May the injustices and humiliation suffered here as a result of hysteria, racism and economic exploitation never emerge again.
California Registered . . . — Map (db m2971) HM|
|California (Kings County), Hanford — 245 — Mussel Slough Tragedy|
|Here on May 11, 1880, during a dispute over land titles between settlers and railroads. A fight broke out during which seven men lost lives -- two deputy U.S. Marshals and five ranchers. Legal struggle over titles finally compromised. — Map (db m40949) HM|
|California (Los Angeles County), San Pedro — 1021 — Liberty Hill|
|In 1923 the Marine Transport Industrial Workers Union 510, a branch of the Industrial Workers of the World (IWW), called a strike that immobilized 90 ships here in San Pedro. The Union protested low wages, bad working conditions, and imprisonment of union activists under California's criminal syndicalism law. Denied access to public property, strikers and supporters rallied here at this site they called "Liberty Hill." Writer Upton Sinclair was arrested for reading from the Bill of Rights to a . . . — Map (db m42107) HM|
|California (Los Angeles County), Universal City — 151/29 — Campo De Cahuenga — Original Adobe|
| Beneath this park rest the stone foundations and floor tiles of the historic adobe where Mexican General Andres Pico and U.S. Lieutenant Colonel John C. Fremont signed the Treaty of Cahuenga on January 13, 1847. Signing the Treaty ended the hostilities in California between the United States and Mexico, and led to the Treaty of Guadalupe-Hidalgo, which ceded California to the U.S. and formally ended the Mexican-American War. The adobe, then owned by a Spaniard, Eulogio de Celis, may have been . . . — Map (db m51366) HM|
|California (Nevada County), Nevada City — 6 — Robinson Plaza|
|Nevada City |
Commemorative Marker #6
Named for Beryl P. Robinson, Jr.
Born in Nevada City
September 13, 1935
City Councilman-City Manager
On July 1, 1999, Beryl Robinson Jr. became the longest-serving city manager in state history. A native of the town he has so ably served, Beryl was appointed city manager on June 21, 1965. In addition to being Nevada City's Chief administrative and financial . . . — Map (db m37149) HM
|California (Sacramento County), Sacramento — California State Capital|
| ORIGINAL CONSTRUCTION – 1860 – 1874
Miner F. Butler – Won Design Competition, 1860
Ruben Clark, Supervising Architect, 1860 – 1865
Gordon P. Cummings, Supervising Architect, 1865 – 1870
Kenitzer & Bennett, Supervising Architect, 1870 – 1871
Gordon P. Cummings, Supervising Architect, 1872 – 1874
RESTORED AND STRUCTURALLY STRENGHTENED – 1975 – 1982
AB 2071, Assemblyman Leon Ralph, . . . — Map (db m14834) HM|
|California (Sacramento County), Sacramento — California State Capitol Park|
When Spanish governors ruled the California territory, its capitol was moved from town to town between San Diego and Monterey.
San Jose had already been designated the capitol by the time California was granted statehood in 1850. In the next four years, Vallejo and Benicia took turns at that honor. In 1854 Sacramento became the home of the legislature.
Though several cities were vying to become the permanent capitol, Sacramento’s claim was made secure in 1860 when the . . . — Map (db m15017) HM|
|California (Sacramento County), Sacramento — Jesse M. Unruh State Office Building|
|Designated on the 19th day of August 1987
Honorable George Deukmejian
Governor of California
In honor of
Jesse Marvin Unruh
September 30, 1922 – August 4, 1987
Member of the Assembly, 1955 – 1970
Speaker of the Assembly, 1961 – 1968
Treasurer of California, 1974 – 1987 — Map (db m14852) HM|
|California (Sacramento County), Sacramento — John Bigler — (1806 – 1871) — California’s Third Governor|
|Born in Cumberland County, Pennsylvania, January 8, 1806, John Bigler was the eldest of what was said to be “a numerous family of children.” As a young man, he was apprenticed to the printing trade and became one of the youngest editors of the Pittsburg Post. In 1826 Bigler became publisher of the paper he started with, the Centre Democrat and later entered the study of law in Ohio, and ultimately was drawn into politics.
John Bigler came overland across the plains . . . — Map (db m13069) HM|
|California (Sacramento County), Sacramento — Kenneth L. Maddy|
| . . . — Map (db m15028) HM|
|California (Sacramento County), Sacramento — Liberty Bell Replica|
Dedicated To You, A Free Citizen In A Free Land
This reproduction of the Liberty Bell was presented to the people of
by direction of
The Honorable John W. Snyder
Secretary of Treasury
As the inspirational symbol of the
United States Savings Bonds Independence Drive
from May 15 to July 4, 1950. It was displayed in
every part of the State
The Dimensions and tone are identical
with those of the original Liberty Bell when it
rang out our . . . — Map (db m14837) HM|
|California (San Diego County), San Diego — 70 — Casa de Pedrorena de Altamirano|
|Miguel Pedrorena Jr. built this adobe structure in 1869. It was the final adobe built in Old Town. In January 1871 Pedrorena gave the building to his sister Isabel de Altamirando, joining together two pioneer California families. Isabel and her husband Jose Antonio Altamirano raised their large family in this home. Isabel’s father, Miguel Pedrorena, was a prominent merchant in Mexican California, and represented the San Diego area at the California State Constitutional Convention held in 1849. . . . — Map (db m11777) HM|
|California (San Francisco City and County), San Francisco — CHL 119 — Portsmouth Plaza — An Historic Shrine|
|Named for U.S.S. Portsmouth commanded by Capt. John B. Montgomery, after whom Montgomery Street was named. It was here on the plaza that Capt. Montgomery first raised the American flag near the Mexican adobe custom house on July 9, 1846. This plaza was the center of many early day activities among which were the following:-
First public school building erected 1847, S.W. corner of plaza, where religious services and many public meetings were held.
Dramatic and authoritative announcement . . . — Map (db m71674) HM|
|California (San Mateo County), Pacifica — 24 and 394 — Discovery of San Francisco Bay|
|Captain Gaspar de Portola camped, October 31, 1769, by the creek at the south side of this valley, and to that camp scouting parties brought news of a body of water to the east. On November 4 the expedition advanced. Turning inland here, they climbed to the summit of Sweeney Ridge and beheld for the first time the Bay of San Francisco.
State Registered Landmarks Nos. 24 and 394
Tablet placed by California Centennials Commission. Base furnished by County Board of Supervisors in . . . — Map (db m1095) HM|
|California (Sierra County), Downieville — Sierra County, California|
|California gained statehood on September 8, 1850. It did so comprised of 27 counties with this area a part of Yuba County.
“The disadvantages of belonging to Yuba County were early felt; Marysville was too distant and a county government located at that place was to the citizen’s here as useless as one in Kamtchatka. The trouble, expense and the time required to send criminals to Marysville were so great that many escaped the punishments for their acts, while others were severely . . . — Map (db m43846) HM|
|California (Tulare County), Visalia — Tulare County Election Tree|
|Under a nearby tree a party commanded by Major James D. Savage, on July 10, 1852, conducted an election by which Tulare County was organized. Woodsville, Site of Wood's Cabin, the first small town settled by white men in Tulare County, and first county seat, was located about one-half mile sough of this marker. This general area, the delta of the Kaweah River, was also known as the "Four Creek Country." — Map (db m51573) HM|
|Connecticut (Hartford County), Hartford — Confucius|
|ConfuciusConfucius (551 B.C. to 479 B.C.), with the given name Qiu and stylized name Zhongni, was a native of Lu State (now Qufu city of Shandong Province) in the Spring and Autumn Period of Chinese history. He was a great thinker, educator and statesman in ancient China and the initiator of Confucianism.
Based on the circumstances of his era, Confucius advocated a school of thought with benevolence as its core value and the rites as its code of conduct, which was mostly documented in the . . . — Map (db m52259) HM|
|Connecticut (Hartford County), Hartford — Orville Hitchcock Platt|
|Orville Hitchcock Platt
Senator of the United States
MDCCCLXXIX - MCMV — Map (db m52194) HM|
|Connecticut (Hartford County), Hartford — Stephen A. Douglas|
|Stephen A. Douglas
1813 – 1861
The "Little Giant" From Illinois
And A Presidential Candidate
Campaigned On This Site
July 6, 1860 — Map (db m43738) HM|
|Connecticut (New Haven County), Meriden — Abraham Lincoln|
In Search of the Nomination for the
Presidency Addressed a Rally in the
Town Hall of Meriden – March 7, 1860
" – and that government of the people,
by the people and for the people,
Shal not perish from the earth."
In Memory of the Civil War veterans
Of Meriden, May 30, 1948 — Map (db m27288) HM|
|Connecticut (New Haven County), New Haven — Nathan Smith|
Woodbury, Conn. 1770
At Washington D.C.
Dec. 6, 1835
An Eminent Citizen
A Sound Statesman
An Eloquent Advocate
[ east side ]
Nov. 8, 1849
A wife of Youth
And a mother in Israel
"Give her of the fruit of her
hands and let her own works
praise her in the gates" — Map (db m52023) HM|
|Connecticut (New Haven County), New Haven — Roger Sherman Baldwin|
|Roger Sherman Baldwin
Born Jan 4, 1793
Died Feb. 19, 1863
Graduated at Yale College
Admitted to the Bar
in this city in 1814
Senator of the State
in 1837 & 1838
in the General Assembly
in 1840 & 1841
Governor of Connecticut
in 1844 & 1845
United States Senator
from 1847 to 1851
Member of the National
Peace Convention in 1861bn
[ east side ]
Enoch and Anna . . . — Map (db m52022) HM|
|Connecticut (New Haven County), Waterbury — John Fitzgerald Kennedy|
| "I must say, having been here at three o'clock in the morning and now at six-thirty in the evening, that Waterbury is either the easiest city in the United States to get a crowd in, or it has the best democrats in the United States. In any case, our meeting here two years ago at three in the morning was the high point of the 1960 campaign, and we will meet at three o'clock in the morning the last week of the 1964 campaign and see what's going to happen then." John Fitzgerald Kennedy October . . . — Map (db m36066) HM|
|Delaware (Kent County), Dover — The First State Heritage Park of Dover|
|The First State Heritage Park of Dover is Delaware’s first urban “park without boundaries.” It includes the many historical and cultural attractions within Dover’s historical districts. Linking the diverse sites throughout Delaware’s capital city, the park paints a comprehensive picture of the heritage of Dover and the State of Delaware.
the capitol building for the State of Delaware.
Before you stands Legislative Hall, the capitol building . . . — Map (db m3557) HM|
|Delaware (New Castle County), Middletown — NC-135 — Locust Grove — Home of Governor Joshua Clayton|
|This home was once the residence of Joshua Clayton (1744-1798), an eminent physician and distinguished government leader in post-Revolutionary Delaware. After attending the University of Pennsylvania he established a successful local practice and was later one of the founders of the Medical Society of Delaware. At the outset of the Revolution he was commissioned as an officer in the Bohemia Manor Militia. Clayton's career as a statesman began with his election to the Delaware House of Assembly . . . — Map (db m10699) HM|
|Delaware (New Castle County), Newark — The Judge Morris Estate — The Former Home of a Delaware Attorney and Judge|
|Built in the 1790s, this 2½ story gray fieldstone house is the former home of Judge Hugh M. Morris. Morris was a Delaware native, respected attorney and distinguished federal judge. He purchased the house and a large parcel of land here in 1933.|
Besides serving as a federal judge, Morris built one of the most important law practices in the state and kept closely involved with the University of Delaware. Yet, he still found time to run his farm, buy more land, and turn the farmhouse . . . — Map (db m39506) HM
|Delaware (New Castle County), Smyrna — NC-89 — Clearfield Farm|
|Built in the mid-eighteenth century by Captain David Clark, Clearfield Farm was the home of his grandson John Clark (1761 -1821), Governor of Delaware from 1817 -1820. John Clark served as Colonel in the Delaware Militia and as Justice of the Peace before being elected Governor in 1816. After his term expired, Clark moved into the town of Smyrna to become President of the Commercial Bank of Smyrna. Following his death, the property was inherited by his granddaughters. Local folklore identifies . . . — Map (db m69112) HM|
|Delaware (New Castle County), Wilmington — Thomas Francis Bayard|
| Thomas Francis Bayard
Born October 29th – 1828
Died September 28th – 1898
“Bayard is the Purest and Most Patriotic man I know”
Grover Cleveland (Back of monument) United States District Attorney
1853 – 1854
United States Senator from Delaware
1869 – 1885
Member United States Electoral Commission
President Pro-Tem United States Senate
Secretary of State of the United . . . — Map (db m67366) HM|
|Delaware (Sussex County), Georgetown — SC-85 — Return Day|
|This event draws thousands as winning and losing candidates joining in celebration on the Thursday following each general election. Poor traveling conditions and interest in the outcome of political contests may have resulted in an extended stay when all elections were held here. Creation of voting districts in 1811 required the meeting of a Board of Canvass on Thursdays to determine “returns” for the county. Proclamation of results continues to highlight this festive occasion. . . . — Map (db m426) HM|
|Delaware (Sussex County), Laurel — Nathaniel Mitchell|
|Nathaniel Mitchell 1753-1813 First native son of Laurel to be
Governor of Delaware
Hero of the Revolution
1775-1781 Member Continental Congress 1786-1788.
Erected by Laurel Historical Society, Inc.
July 4, 1978. — Map (db m61107) HM|
|Delaware (Sussex County), Seaford — Family Home of William H. H. Ross|
| William Henry Harrison Ross Delaware's 27th and youngest governor from 1851 - 1855 Following his term as governor, Ross began construction of this Italian Villa style house. This was a popular 19th century architectural style.
This structure evolved from the original brick two story Federal style house built by the John Tennent family. Tennent purchased this land about 1776 and sold it to the Governor's father in 1836. A wooden section of the original structure is located in the back . . . — Map (db m71670) HM|
|Delaware (Sussex County), Seaford — S-77 — Governor Ross Mansion|
|This residence was constructed by William Henry Harrison Ross. He was born in Laurel in 1814 and died in 1887. He served as Governor of Delaware (D) between 1851-1855. In 1859, Ross constructed this elaborate brick Italian Villa style structure featuring a three-story center entry tower on his 1,395 acre farm. Currently owned by the Seaford Historical Society, the property also includes a period barn, granary, and carriage house. — Map (db m4818) HM|
|Delaware (Sussex County), Seaford — SC-211 — Governor William H. H. Ross|
|Born on June 2, 1814 in Laurel, Delware, William Henry Harrison Ross was the son of Caleb and Letitia Lofland ross. He was educated in local public schools and later attended Claremont Academy in Pennsylvania. As a young man ross was employed in a variety of business pursuits in his native community including the operation of a general store, mills and a tannery. In 1845 he moved to a farm on the north side of Seaford where he became engaged in extensive agricultural activities. He was among . . . — Map (db m4987) HM|
|District of Columbia, Downtown — Alexander Robey Shepherd|
| Governor, Territory of the District of Columbia (1873-1874) born Washington, D.C. January 31, 1835 died Batopilas, Mexico, September 12, 1902
buried Rock Creek Cemetery, Washington, D.C. Civil War Union veteran, entrepreneur, civil leader advanced L'Enfant's plan through public works Introduced modern silver mining in Mexico statue dedicated 1909, removed 1979, returned 2005 Plaque placed by The Association of Oldest Inhabitants of the District of Columbia — Map (db m65158) HM|
|District of Columbia, Foggy Bottom — José Artigas Memorial — "Statues of the Liberators"|
| inscription, south face of base:
Father of the Independence of Uruguay
inscription, north face of base:
From the people of Uruguay to the people of the United States of America
inscriptions, on basin rim:
“The liberty of America is my design and its attainment my only objective.” — Map (db m67168) HM|
|District of Columbia, Washington — A Gathering Place for Washingtonians — Meridian Hill Park, National Historic Landmark|
|Since Meridian Hill Park opened in 1936, Washingtonians from diverse neighborhoods surrounding the park have gathered here for performances, community events, and political protest.
When tens of thousands of people flocked to Washington D.C. in the late 1930s and 40s for federal jobs created by the New Deal and World War II, government agencies created a series of "Starlight" concerts in the park. From 1941 to 1944, Washingtonians lined the cascades and reflecting pool on summer evenings . . . — Map (db m63643) HM|
|District of Columbia, Washington — Alva Belmont House|
|Of this House
The oldest part is one of the earliest buildings in this region.
Robert Sewall bought the property and enlarged the house in 1799, and rebuilt and greatly altered it after war damage in 1814.
Residence and office of Albert Gallatin secretary of the treasury, 1801 - 1813. Here he directed the financing of the Louisiana Purchase from France (1803), which nearly doubled the then area of the United States.
Described in the United States Senate as one of the most . . . — Map (db m69271) HM|
|District of Columbia, Washington — Billy Simpson's House of Seafood and Steaks — African American Heritage Trail|
| 3515 Georgia Avenue
Billy Simpson's provided DC's African American community with an upscale venue for dining and socializing in the period when segregation was ending and African Americans claimed a larger role in city affairs. The restaurant (open 1956-1978) attracted intellectuals, professionals, entertainers ,and African diplomats. Politicians, government officials, and journalists debated the issues of the day at roundtables hosted here by owner, community activist and . . . — Map (db m66181) HM|
|District of Columbia, Washington — Carl Lutz|
Carl Lutz (1895-1975)
Swiss diplomat, Righteous Among the Nations
Who represented the interests of
the United States of America
in Budapest, Hungary
during World War II
and saved the lives of thousands of Jews. ✯
Carl Lutz Foundation
Government of the Republic of Hungary
Hungarian American Coalition
Lantos Foundation for Human Rights and Justice — Map (db m69110) HM|
|District of Columbia, Washington — Cortelyou House — 1891 — Residence of George B. Cortelyou|
|This residence was designed by architect Appleton P. Clark, Jr. and built in 1891 for Daniel Birtwell. In 1900, George Bruce Cortelyou occupied the house when he became secretary to President McKinley. Cortelyou continued to serve in public office as secretary to president Teddy Roosevelt, the first Secretary of Commerce and Labor, Chairman of the Republican Party, Postmaster General, and Secretary of the Treasury.
In 1909, after his public service in Washington, Cortelyou became the . . . — Map (db m69292) HM|
|District of Columbia, Washington — From June to December, 1917 — The Occoquan Steps|
|From June to December 1917 members of the National Woman's Party were imprisoned for picketing the White House to publicize the struggle to win the vote for Women. Those incarcerated in the District of Columbia's workhouse in Occoquan, Virginia suffered horrible conditions and mistreatment, including being given rancid, insect-laden food; to protest some went on hunger strikes and were brutally force-fed. The 72 year campaign for women's suffrage ended in 1920 with the ratification of the . . . — Map (db m71336) HM|
|District of Columbia, Washington — National Intelligencer — 1800-1865|
|Founded by Samuel Harrison Smith and later published by Joseph Gales, Jr. The National Intelligencer for 65 years was a leading journal in the nation's capital, a vital force in the country's political life, a principal source of information about the government and for a time provided the only printed record of congressional proceedings. Much of its life, The National Intelligencer occupied this site. This plaque was placed in 1966 by Sigma Delta Chi, Professional Journalistic Society — Map (db m51471) HM|
|District of Columbia, Washington — 4 — Sacred Heart Academy — Village in the City — Mount Pleasant Heritage Trail|
|Set back from the Street at 1621 Park Road, to your left, is an elegant old house, once the all-girls Sacred Heart Academy. The Sinsinawa Dominican Sisters of Wisconsin founded the Academy in 1905 and went on to operate it with Sacred Heart parish, adding a co-ed grade school in 1930. Lay educators took over in the 1990s. In addition, the school housed GALA Hispanic Theatre from 1985 to 2000.
While the school always served Mount Pleasant's diverse nationalities, African Americans were . . . — Map (db m68719) HM|
|District of Columbia, Washington — The Sewall-Belmont House & Museum|
|one of the oldest residential properties on Capitol Hill, has been the historic headquarters of the National Woman's Party since 1929. Named after Robert Sewall, the original owner of the site, and Alva Belmont, the president and benefactor of the National Woman's Party, this house has been at the center of political life in Washington for more than two hundred years. Today, the Sewall-Belmont House seeks to educate the public by sharing the inspiring story of century of courageous activism by . . . — Map (db m70955) HM|
|District of Columbia (Washington), Adams-Morgan — 4 of 18 — Life on the Park — Roads to Diversity — Adams Morgan Heritage Trail|
|During the Civil War (1861-1865), the Union Army Carver Hospital and barracks occupied Meridian Hill. The facilities attracted African American freedom seekers looking for protection and employment. By war’s end, a Black community had put down rooks. Soon Weyland Seminary opened to train African American clergy and teachers. In the late 1880s, Mary Foote Henderson purchased most of this land and evicted its residents. Many settled in today’s Reed-Cooke neighborhood to your left.
The . . . — Map (db m17032) HM|
|District of Columbia (Washington), Adams-Morgan — 1 of 18 — Mrs. Henderson's Legacy — Roads to Diversity — Adams Morgan Heritage Trail|
|As you look up the hill, you can see Peter C. L’Enfant’s 1791 plan for Washington ended up here in front of you at Boundary Avenue, now Florida Avenue. Back then, when people walked or rode in horse-drawn vehicles, it was hard to climb this steep ridge ridge. Once electric streetcars appeared in the 1880s, climbing hills was easier, so city dwellers began moving up this hill.
Beginning in 1887, Mary Foote Henderson, wife of Missouri Senator John B. Henderson, created a new community here . . . — Map (db m16893) HM|
|District of Columbia (Washington), American University Park — 18 — Live on Our Stage! — Top of the Town — Tenleytown Heritage Trail|
|When NBC radio and television and its local affiliate,
WRC, moved to these new headquarters in 1958, the average TV screen measured 12 inches. The facility opened with six studios—three TV and three radio. Soon history happened here.
On October 7, 1960, some 70 million viewers watched as
NBC broadcast the second televised presidential debate, with
candidates Richard M. Nixon and John F. Kennedy facing four reporters. It was widely reported that Nixon used makeup to cover his 5 . . . — Map (db m47866) HM|
|District of Columbia (Washington), Anacostia — Barry Farm - Hillsdale — Bounded by St. Elizabeths Hospital, Alabama Avenue and Morris Road, SE, and the Anacostia River — African American Heritage Trail, Washington, DC|
| In 1867 the U.S. Bureau of Refugees, Freedmen, and Abandoned Lands (Freedmen’s Bureau) purchased 375 acres from white farmers David and Julia Barry to resettle formerly enslaved African Americans. By 1870 more than 500 families had purchased lots and built homes at Barry Farm, later renamed Hillsdale.
During World War II, the U.S. Government constructed “Barry Farms” housing on Hillsdale’s eastern edge to relieve overcrowding across the Anacostia [River]. Soon, Southwest [DC] . . . — Map (db m33732) HM|
|District of Columbia (Washington), Anacostia — Frederick Douglass National Historic Site|
|Also known as Cedar Hill, this site encompasses the estate owned by Frederick Douglass from 1877 until his death in 1895. In honor of Douglass’ work as an author, orator, abolitionist, statesman, and civil rights leader, this site is designated a Literary Landmark by Friends of Libraries U.S.A. — Map (db m40846) HM|
|District of Columbia (Washington), Anacostia — The Growlery|
|Here stood Frederick Douglass’ rustic retreat from domestic society, where he could think, read and write undisturbed. Evoking the image of a lion’s lair, he called his hideaway the Growlery. It was simply furnished with a lounge, a high desk and a stool. The present building is a reconstruction. — Map (db m5362) HM|
|District of Columbia (Washington), Capitol Hill — James A. Garfield|
|(Front):James A. Garfield 1831 - 1881 (Left):Major General USV, Member of Congress, Senator and President of the United States of America. (Right):Erected by his comrades of the Society of the Army of the Cumberland May 12 1887. — Map (db m18602) HM|
|District of Columbia (Washington), Capitol Hill — United States Capitol — East Front|
| One of the icons of world architecture, the U.S. Capitol has been the meeting place of Congress since 1800. President George Washington laid the cornerstone on September 18, 1793. While under construction, the the building was damaged by British troops during the War of 1812 and subsequently restored. The Capitol was enlarged and the present cast-iron dome built in the 1850s and 1860s. Further additions included the Olmstead terraces on the west front in the 1880s and the east front extension . . . — Map (db m40117) HM|
|District of Columbia (Washington), Columbia Heights — Buchanan|
|[Panel No. 1]:
James Buchanan of Pennsylvania
President of the United States
MDCCCIVII - MDCCCIXI
[Panel No. 2]:
The incorruptible statesman whose walk was upon the mountain ranges of the law — Map (db m24150) HM|
|District of Columbia (Washington), Columbia Heights — Francis L. Cardozo High School — 1928|
| Organized September 1928 at M Street and New York Avenue
Moved February 19, 1933
to Ninth Street and Rhode
Island Avenue, N.W.
Moved August 1950 to Thirteenth
and Clifton Street, N.W. — Map (db m23651) HM|
|District of Columbia (Washington), Columbia Heights — 1 of 19 — Main Street — Cultural Convergence — Columbia Heights Heritage Trail|
|Marker Front: Fourteenth Street has always been the business backbone of Columbia Heights. Beginning in the 1890s, electric streetcars dropped passengers at nearly every corner, attracting commerce. By 1925 storefronts occupied the blocks between Euclid and Otis Streets.
Most stores, often less than 20 feet wide, were family run and offered one line of products. In 192 on 14th Street between Irving Street and Park Road alone, you could find hats, bicycles, men's clothing, ladies’ . . . — Map (db m23705) HM|
|District of Columbia (Washington), Columbia Heights — 17 of 19 — Social Justice — Cultural Convergence — Columbia Heights Heritage Trail|
| Straight ahead is All Souls Church, Unitarian, long known for its social activism, starting with abolitionism in the 1820s and ranging through nuclear disarmament and interracial cooperation. During the segregation era, All Souls was one of the few places in DC open to integrated meetings. During the 1980s and '90s it (and other neighborhood churches) even hosted concerts by DC's influential punk bands Bad Brains, Fugazi, Minor Threat, and others.
In the 1960s, the church launched the . . . — Map (db m24152) HM|
|District of Columbia (Washington), Downtown — Abraham Lincoln|
| Abraham Lincoln died in this house April 15, 1865 at 7:22 a.m. Purchased by the United States in 1896. — Map (db m28502) HM|
|District of Columbia (Washington), Downtown — Alexander Hamilton Memorial|
| [ on the front (south face) of pedestal :]
First Secretary of the Treasury
Soldier, Orator, Statesman
Champion of Constitutional Union, Representative Government and National Integrity
[ on the reverse (north face) of pedestal :]
He smote the rock of the national resources and abundant streams of revenue gushed forth. He touched the dead corpse of the public credit and it sprang upon its feet. — Map (db m32740) HM|
|District of Columbia (Washington), Downtown — W.2 — Franklin Square - "Going into the country" — Civil War to Civil Rights — Downtown Heritage Trail|
|This urban oasis exists because President Andrew Jackson needed water. The site of excellent springs (a rare commodity in the early city when everyone was dependent on private wells), this square was purchased by the federal government in 1832 so that it could pipe fresh water to the White House. It was an arrangement that lasted until 1898, well after the city had a piped water supply from above Great Falls on the Potomac River. In July of 1861, as the nation prepared for war, soldiers of the . . . — Map (db m29594) HM|
|District of Columbia (Washington), Downtown — Jacqueline Bouvier Kennedy|
| When the historic character of Lafayette Square was severely threatened during her husband’s administration, it was preserved with the vision and dedicated efforts of Jacqueline Bouvier Kennedy. This view from Decatur House is dedicated to her memory. — Map (db m32135) HM|
|District of Columbia (Washington), Downtown — Jean Monnet — 1888-1979|
|Born in France, widely travelled, he died at age 90 near Paris, proud citizen of a united Europe he inspired and helped to create. Earlier, from his office in the Willard Hotel, he contributed greatly to America's victory program for wartime production while a member of the British mission in Washington during World War I. — Map (db m6708) HM|
|District of Columbia (Washington), Downtown — .6 — John Wilkes Booth's Escape — Civil War to Civil Rights — Downtown Heritage Trail|
| “My brother saw Booth as he came down the alley and turned into F Street.” Henry Davis, 1901.
Twelve-year-old Henry Davis and his brother often looked out the back window of their Ninth Street home before they went to bed. They were fascinated by the comings and goings of actors and stagehands at the rear of Ford’s Theatre, at the other end of the alley on 10th Street.
On the evening of April 14, 1865, Henry went to bed early, but his brother stayed up and was a witness . . . — Map (db m28492) HM|
|District of Columbia (Washington), Downtown — W.4 — New York Avenue Presbyterian Church at Herald Square — Civil War to Civil Rights — Downtown Heritage Trail|
| “The churches are needed as never before for divine services,” President Abraham Lincoln
So said President Lincoln from his pew in New York Avenue Presbyterian Church. While other churches were occupied by the federal government for offices and hospitals during the Civil War, Lincoln insisted this church remain open for worship. The pastor, Dr. Phineas D. Gurley, was the president’s spiritual guide through the war and during the fatal illness of Lincoln’s young son, Willie, . . . — Map (db m32926) HM|
|District of Columbia (Washington), Downtown — .8 — Pennsylvania Avenue — Civil War to Civil Rights — Downtown Heritage Trail|
|“Main Street” for the city and the nation.
Just a few steps ahead is Pennsylvania Avenue the inaugural parade route for every president since Thomas Jefferson and “Main Street” for local Washington since the city’s founding. Jefferson planted the first trees along the avenue, and in the early days of the city it was a promenade lined with shops, hotels and boarding houses. Mary Todd Lincoln shopped here. The street was also the scene of President Lincoln’s . . . — Map (db m29651) HM|
|District of Columbia (Washington), Downtown — Site of Rhodes Tavern|
Built in 1799, in the hope that the new capital would become a great city.
Opened as a tavern and inn by William Rhodes, 1801.
Washington's first 'town hall,' where White House architect James Hoban and other citizens met to petition Congress for representation and localy elected government, 1801.
Polling place in first city council election, 1802.
Early boarding house used by Members of Congress, 1807 - 1814.
Spared the torch during the . . . — Map (db m39618) HM|
|District of Columbia (Washington), Downtown — w.1 — The Church of the Epiphany — Civil War to Civil Rights — Downtown Heritage Trail|
| “Carpets, cushions, and hymnbooks were packed away ... ambulances began to stop ... lastly come the surgeons....” Margaret Leech, Reveille in Washington.
Church spires dominated the skyline of the city of Washington at the time of the Civil War, symbolizing the importance of houses of worship in the religious, social and political life of the nation’s capital. While Washington still claims an extraordinary number of historic downtown churches, the Church of the Epiphany . . . — Map (db m29618) HM|
|District of Columbia (Washington), Downtown — The John A. Wilson Building|
|The John A. Wilson Building is headquarters of the local government that serves the nearly 600,000 citizens who call the Nation's capital their home. The Mayor and the 13-member Council, elected by residents of the District of Columbia, oversee all functions similar to those of city, county and state governments across America. Dedicated as the District Building on July 4, 1908, it was renamed in 1998 for John A. Wilson, a former Council chairman. The marble and granite Beaux Artes style . . . — Map (db m65712) HM|
|District of Columbia (Washington), Downtown — The New Willard|
|Erected 1901 Site of
Joshua Tennison's Hotel 1818. John Strother 1821. Basil Williamson 1824. Frederick Barnard 1828. Proprietor of Mansion Hotel, Azariah Fuller American House 1833. City Hotel 1843. Willard's Hotel 1847-1901.
Presidents Taylor, Fillmore, Pierce, Buchanan, Lincoln, Grant, Harding and Coolidge. Vice Presidents Henricks, Marshall and Dawes.
The Marquis de Lafayette, Jenny Lind, Charles Dickens, Lord and Lady Napier, Lloyd George, Edward . . . — Map (db m6618) HM|
|District of Columbia (Washington), Downtown — The Peace Convention|
|The old Willard Hotel was the scene of the last major effort to restore the Union and prevent the Civil War. At Virginia's invitation, delegates from twenty-one of the then thirty-four states met in secret session from February 4 to 27, 1861, in a vain attempt to solve the differences between the North and South. To honor those who worked for peace and unity, this memorial is erected by the Virginia Civil War Commission, February 1961. — Map (db m6541) HM|
|District of Columbia (Washington), Downtown — .4 — The Roots of Freedom and Equality — Civil War to Civil Rights — Downtown Heritage Trail|
| “It is known to you that events have transpired within the last few days, deeply affecting the peace and character of our community.”
With these words, city officials tried to calm the angry mobs gathering on this corner in April 1848. The crowds blamed the National Era, an abolitionist newspaper located near this sign, for the attempted escape of 77 African American slaves on the ship Pearl. They threatened to destroy the Era’s printing press. The . . . — Map (db m25271) HM|
|District of Columbia (Washington), Downtown — The United States Court of Claims|
|The United States Court of Claims held its first meeting in "Willard's Hotel" on this site on May 11, 1855. The court was established to allow citizens to sue the U.S. Government. In 1861, President Lincoln wrote of the court:
"It is as much the duty of the government to render prompt justice against itself, in favor of citizens, as it is to administer the same between private individuals."
This memorial is placed here on behalf of the United
States Court of Federal Claims . . . — Map (db m6587) HM|
|District of Columbia (Washington), Downtown — To the Memory of Oscar S. Straus — 1850 - Statesman, Author, Diplomat - 1926 — "Liberty" - "Reason"|
|This monument was erected by public subscription in accordance with the joint resolution of Congress of December 16, 1927. Signed by President Coolidge March 2, 1929, in memory of
Oscar S. Straus
1850 - 1926
"Origin of the Republican Form of Government" 1885
"Roger Williams - Pioneer of Religious Liberty" 1891
"Under Four Administrations" 1922
Minister to Turkey 1887-1888, 1898-1900
Ambassador to Turkey 1909-1910
Statesman . . . — Map (db m9159) HM|
|District of Columbia (Washington), Downtown — Victims of Communism Memorial, — National Mall and Memorial Parks, Washington, D.C. — National Park Service, U.S. Department of the Interior.|
| “These voices cry out to all, and they’re legion,” President George W. Bush, June 12, 2007"
The Victims of Communism Memorial enshrines the more than 100 million men, women, and children struck down by 20th century totalitarian communist regimes.
Communist leaders attracted countless millions throughout the world with their “big lie” promises of a classless, egalitarian society free of poverty and oppression. But in fact communist dictators wielded . . . — Map (db m36178) WM|
|District of Columbia (Washington), Downtown — Western Plaza, Pennsylvania Avenue — [Freedom Plaza]|
|Western Plaza consists of a large raised terrace in which part of L'Enfant's original 1791 plan for Washington, D.C. is rendered in black and white stone. At one end of the raised terrace is a pool. At the other is a shaded sitting area around a statue of General Pulaski.
Inscribed on the upper terrace are historic quotations about Washington. Low walls separate the plaza from surrounding traffic. Eleven large urns rest on top of these walls and contain seasonal planting. The upper map . . . — Map (db m17966) HM|
|District of Columbia (Washington), Downtown — W.6 — Willard Inter-Continental Hotel — Civil War to Civil Rights — Downtown Heritage Trail|
|"This hotel, in fact, may be much more justly called the center of Washington and the Union than either the Capitol, the White House or the State Department. . ." Nathaniel Hawthorne, Civil War reporter for the Atlantic Monthly At 6:30 a.m. in late February 1861, President-elect Abraham Lincoln and his security team headed by Alan Pinkerton slipped into what was then called Willard's Hotel, an earlier version of the hotel now at this site. Assassination threats dictated this quiet . . . — Map (db m10905) HM|
|District of Columbia (Washington), Foggy Bottom — Ysabel I, La Catolica — [Queen Isabella of Spain and the Americas]|
| Panel 1, east side of pedestal, facing 17th St.: Ysabel I La Catolica Reina de Castilla de Aragon de las Islas y Tierra Firme del Mar Oceano
Panel 2, upper west side of pedestal, facing OAS Hdqts.:
Esta estatua fue restaurada con el patrocinio de la Spain-USA Foundation e inaugurada en presencian de S.A.R. Doña Cristina de Borbón, Infanta de España, el 15 de Octubre de 2010. --------------------------
This statue was restored with the patronage of the Spain-USA . . . — Map (db m65257) HM|
|District of Columbia (Washington), Foggy Bottom — Benito Juárez Memorial — Statues of the Liberators|
| [Inscriptions, east face:]
”Respect for the rights of others is peace” Benito Juárez 1806-1872 The people of Mexico to the people of the United States of America El respeto al derecho ajen es la paz Benito Juárez 1806-1872 El pueblo de Mexico al pueblo de los Estados Unidos de America
[Inscription, center of west base:]
En este sitio fue depositada tierra de Guelatao, Oaxaca, lugar de origen del Presidente BENITO JUAREZ 7 de Enero de 1969
[Inscription, . . . — Map (db m65702) HM|
|District of Columbia (Washington), Foggy Bottom — Department of State — [Harry S. Truman Building] — 23rd Street Entrance|
| The Department of State is the nation’s oldest and senior cabinet agency. It was established by Congress in 1789 to conduct America’s diplomatic relations.
The State Department represents U.S. interests to foreign governments, promotes peace, security, and freedom, pursues economic opportunity abroad to create jobs at home, protects the American people from the dangers posed by drug trafficking, weapons proliferation, and harm to the environment, and assists Americans traveling or living . . . — Map (db m40248) HM|
|District of Columbia (Washington), Foggy Bottom — José de San Martín Memorial — Statues of the Liberators|
| [Inscription on south face of pedestal:] Libertador General José de San Martín
[Inscriptions on two panels in the south side of base:]
Homenaje al Libertador General D. José de San Martín del Presidente de la Nacion Argentina Dr. Carlos Saul Menem en occasion de su visita de estado a Los Estados Unidos de America 16 de Noviembre de 1991 *** Al General José de San Martín en occasion de la visita del Presidente de la Argentina Raul Alfonsi 19-III-1985 To General José de . . . — Map (db m65936) HM|
|District of Columbia (Washington), Foggy Bottom — Simón Bolívar — "Statues of the Liberators"|
| [south face of pedestal]
Born July 24, 1783
Died December 17, 1830
Santa Marta, Colombia
[east face of pedestal]
The Republic of Venezuela to the United States of America 1958
[west face of pedestal]
Liberated Venezuela, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru, Bolivia, and Panama
[north face of pedestal]
[Venezuelan Coat of arms]
Republica de Venezuela: "19 de Abril de 1810, . . . — Map (db m65731) HM|
|District of Columbia (Washington), Foggy Bottom — The American Meridian|
| To your left is the hemisphere of the Atlantic, the hemisphere of Europe and Africa, of Roman numerals and Indian script, of the Silk Road and the rising sun.
To your right is the hemisphere of the Pacific and the American West, the hemisphere of Japan and China, of calligraphy and rocketry, of towering volcanoes and the starry night.
Beneath your feet is the line that divides the two.
From 1848 to 1884, the United States of America marked the center of its world at this line. . . . — Map (db m46880) HM|
|District of Columbia (Washington), Foggy Bottom — The Home of the Pan American Union|
| The Home
Pan American Union
the international organization of the
twenty one American Republics
Erected 1908 – 1910
through the munificence of Andrew Carnegie
Secretary of State and
Chairman of the Governing Board
Albert Kelsey and Paul P.Cret
John Barrett, Director
Francisco J. Yanes,
Assistant Director — Map (db m66426) HM|
|District of Columbia (Washington), Georgetown — Jan Karski (n. Jan Kozielewski) (1914-2000)|
| Messenger of the Polish People to Their Government in Exile
Messenger of the Jewish People to the World
The Man Who Told of the Annihilation of the Jewish People
While There Was Still Time To Stop It.
Named by the State of Israel,
“A Righteous of the Nations of the World”
A Hero of the Polish People
Professor, Georgetown University (1952-1992)
A Noble Man Walked Amongst Us and Made Us Better By His Presence
A Just Man — Map (db m25069) HM|
|District of Columbia (Washington), Judiciary Square — Albert Pike Monument|
|[pedestal, north face:]
Laborum Ejus Supersites Sunt Fructus
Author - Poet
[pedestal, west face:]
Scholar - Soldier
[pedestal, south face:]
Erected 1901 by the Supreme Council of
the A. A. S. R. of Freemasonry
for the S. J. U.S.A.
Philanthropist - Philosopher
[pedestal, east face:]
Jurist - Orator — Map (db m29652) HM|
|District of Columbia (Washington), Judiciary Square — Daniel Webster — 503 D Street|
| 503 D Street
Formerly law offices and residence
Plaque erected under auspices of the
Columbia Historical Society
the Bar Association
of the District of Columbia — Map (db m29698) HM|
|District of Columbia (Washington), Judiciary Square — e.2 — Old City Hall — Civil War to Civil Rights — Downtown Heritage Trail|
|"--witness to the end of slavery in the nation’s capital."
This imposing Greek Revival building was Washington’s first city hall, designed by George Hadfield and built between 1820 and 1850. It house the city court and an elected mayor and city council until 1871. Its prestigious high site overlooked Pennsylvania Avenue and bordered Judiciary Square, then as now, a hub of community life.
This building also stood witness to the end of slavery in the District of Columbia. President . . . — Map (db m29655) HM|
|District of Columbia (Washington), Judiciary Square — e.3 — Senator Daniel Webster — Civil War to Civil Rights — Downtown Heritage Trail|
| “Liberty and Union, now and forever, one and inseparable,” Senator Daniel Webster, January 1830.
Senator Daniel Webster, eloquent advocate for the preservation of the Union and a political giant in pre-Civil War America, lived and worked here. His home and office buildings, now demolished, were similar to the two surviving pre-Civil War buildings alongside this sign. Wester's buildings began where the ally is today, stretching to the west. In the mid-19th century this . . . — Map (db m29708) HM|
|District of Columbia (Washington), Mount Vernon Square/Shaw — 1 of 17 — Words and Deeds — Midcity at the Crossroads — Shaw Heritage Trail|
| Wealthy industrialist Andrew Carnegie donated funds to build the Beaux Arts-style building you see across the street to your left, the city’s first public library. The Central Library opened in 1903 with 12,412 books by its predecessor, the private Washington City Free Library.
The public library welcomed all races at a time when the city was generally segregated. It occupied an unofficial border between businesses that primarily served Whites to the south, and those that largely catered . . . — Map (db m21801) HM|
|District of Columbia (Washington), National Mall — German-American Friendship Garden — Celebrating 300 Years of Friendship — National Mall and Memorial Parks, Washington, D.C.|
“One magnificent symbol of the bonds that tie our two great peoples together is the German-American Friendship Garden. This symbol of eternally renewing growth and strength will be dedicated this autumn here in the Capital. In its growth, our own commitments to the well-being of America and Germany shall be cultivated and nurtured.”
– President Ronald Reagan, October 6, 1988.
On October 6, 1683, the first organized group of German immigrants arrived on these . . . — Map (db m38849) HM|
|District of Columbia (Washington), Northwest — Dewi Saraswati — (Saraswati Goddess)|
| Goddess Saraswati is portrayed standing straight, facing forward, looking to the right direction, depicting positive thinking based on the values of truth. Universally, Saraswati is known as the goddess of knowledge and art. Embodied as a beautiful woman as a symbol that science is something beautiful and attractive. In her hands she brings: *Book/Lontar Leaf symbolizing knowledge *Mandolin symbolizing art and culture *Aksamala/Rosary/Tasbih beads symbolizing unlimited knowledge *Lotus . . . — Map (db m71863) HM|
|District of Columbia (Washington), Northwest — Daniel Webster Memorial|
| Danial Webster "Liberty and Union, Now and Forever, One and Inseparable." Expounder and Defender of the Constitution Born at Salisbury, N.H., Jan 18, 1772 Died at Marshfield, Mass., Oct 24, 1852 "Our Country, Our Whole Country, and nothing but Our Country!" (Given by Stilson Hutchins, a native of N.H. Dedicated January 18, 1900. G. Trentanove [sculptor].) — Map (db m29065) HM|
|District of Columbia (Washington), Northwest — Dr. Philip Jaisohn, 1864-1951 — First Korean American|
Dr. Philip Jaisohn was a pioneer of independence, democracy and public awakening for the Korean people. After the failed 1884 reformation movement, he was exiled to the United States, where he became the first Korean-born to become an American citizen. A graduate of Columbian Medical College, he practiced medicine in Washington, DC, later serving the U.S. government as a wartime physician. Both in Korea and in the United States, Dr. Jaisohn made relentless efforts for the independence of . . . — Map (db m39925) HM|
|District of Columbia (Washington), Northwest — Gen. John A. Rawlins Memorial|
| RAWLINS — Map (db m53467) HM|
|District of Columbia (Washington), Northwest — Mayor Emery and the Union Army — Battleground to Community — Brightwood Heritage Trail|
|The City Park across the street was once Emery Place, the summer estate of Matthew Gault Emery.
A prominent builder, Emery was Washington City's last elected mayor during the period of home rule. He was succeeded in 1874 by a presidentially appointed board of commissioners, which governed until Mayor Walter Washington was elected a century later. Emery made a fortune in stone-cutting, including cornerstone for the Washington Monument. He excelled in insurance, banking, and new . . . — Map (db m65241) HM|
|District of Columbia (Washington), Northwest — McClellan Memorial|
| [inscription, south face] Major General George Brinton McClellan 1826 - 1885 [inscription, north face] Erected by the Society of the Army of the Potomac and the Congress of the United States 1907 — Map (db m30048) HM|
|District of Columbia (Washington), Northwest — Museum of Modern Art of Latin America — [The Art Museum of the Americas of the Organization of American States]|
| The OAS collection of contemporary art of the Americas was initiated in 1957 by resolution of the Council of the Organization of American States. In 1976, as part of its program of activities honoring the bicentennial of the independence of the United States of America., the OAS permanent council voted to establish this “Museum of Modern Art of Latin America.” The museum was inaugurated on October 14, 1976, by the chairman of the permanent council, Ambassador Fernando Ortiz Sanz . . . — Map (db m46951) HM|
|District of Columbia (Washington), Northwest — Robert Emmet|
| [front (south) face of statue base:
Robert Emmet Irish Patriot
[Coat of arms of "The United Irishmen"]
[plaque on north face of the statue base:]
"I wished to procure for my
country the guarantee which
Washington procured for America...
"I have parted from everything
that was dear to me in this life
for my country’s cause...
"When my country takes her
place among the nations of the
earth, then, and not till then
let . . . — Map (db m30850) HM|
|District of Columbia (Washington), Northwest — Saint Sophia Greek Orthodox Cathedral Cornerstone|
| The cornerstone of the cathedral was laid by
Dwight D. Eisenhower
President of the United States
His Eminence Michael
Archbishop of North and South America
on the thirtieth day of September
in the year of our beloved Lord
the nineteen hundred and fifty-sixth — Map (db m31262) HM|
|District of Columbia (Washington), Northwest — Sir Winston Churchill — 1874 - 1965|
This statue by William McVey (1902 - 1995),
was erected in 1966 by public subscription, on
the initiative of the English Speaking Union.
One foot stands on United States, one
on British Embassy grounds: a symbol of
Churchill’s Anglo-American descent, and of
the Alliance he did so much to forge, in
war and peace — Map (db m39922) HM|
|District of Columbia (Washington), Northwest — The National War Memorial Shrine of the Russian Orthodox Church of America|
| Russian Orthodox Church
The National War Memorial Shrine
Russian Orthodox Church of America
This church has been built to serve as a house of worship to the glory of God and as a memorial to honor those Orthodox Christians who lost their lives in the cause of freedom
Consecrated: November 25, 1962
Primate of the Russian Orthodox Church of America
Dedicated: May 19, 1963
General Jacob L. Devers, USA . . . — Map (db m31266) HM|
|District of Columbia (Washington), Northwest — The Octagon|
| Built between 1799 and 1802 by Colonel John Tayloe III (1771-1828) and his wife Ann Ogle Tayloe (1772-1855)
Dr. William Thornton (1759-1828)
Occupied by President and Mrs. Madison from August 1814 to March 1815 after the burning of the White House by the British during the War of 1812 The Treaty of Ghent ending the War of 1812 was ratified here by President Madison on February 15, 1815 Headquarters of the American Institute of Architects from 1898-1949 Designated a . . . — Map (db m40225) HM|
|District of Columbia (Washington), Northwest — Tomáš G. Masaryk Memorial|
|Tomáš G. Masaryk “He had the mind of a scholar, the figure of a sportsman, the bearing of an aristocrat, the position of a king. But he had the heart of a democrat. ...”
Dorothy Thompson, NBC broadcast, September 24, 1957.
This memorial honors Tomáš Garrigue Masaryk
(1850-1937), founder and first president of the
Republic of Czechoslovakia. Although born to a
family of humble origins, he achieved considerable
renown as a scholar and . . . — Map (db m30417) HM|
|District of Columbia (Washington), Penn Quarter — .2 — Ceremony at the Crossroads — Civil War to Civil Rights — Downtown Heritage Trail|
|“Imagine a great avenue [with] solid ranks of soldiers, just marching steady all day long, for two days. ...” Walt Whitman. It took two days for the grand parade of 200,000 victorious Union soldiers described by the great American poet and Civil War nurse Walt Whitman to march down Pennsylvania Avenue past this spot, headed for review by President Andrew Johnson at the White House. Whitman might have been standing right here on May 23 or 24, 1865. This had been the ceremonial and . . . — Map (db m14875) HM|
|District of Columbia (Washington), Penn Quarter — John Marshall — John Marshall Park|
|Site of the residence of John Marshall Chief Justice of the United States Plaque erected under the auspices of the Columbia Historical Society and the Bar Association of the District of Columbia.
[Inscription on wall below the marker plaque:]
Born Germantown, Virginia - September 24, 1755
Culpeper Minutemen, Lieutenant - 1775
Continental Army, Colonel - 1776-1781
Studied at William and Mary - 1780
First elected to Virginia House of Delegates and . . . — Map (db m58625) HM|
|District of Columbia (Washington), Penn Quarter — Pennsylvania Avenue — [The Newseum Terrace]|
| [Panel 1]
From the Capitol to the White House, Pennsylvania is “America’s Main Street,” a ceremonial avenue that for more than 200 years has provided a setting for the free expression that embodies the First Amendment. The 1.2-mile corridor has played host to the inaugural celebrations as well as the funeral processions of presidents. Triumphant parades and angry demonstrations also have made their way down the nation’s most historic street.
Thomas Jefferson called the . . . — Map (db m37255) HM|
|District of Columbia (Washington), Shaw — 9 of 17 — The Fires of 1968 — Midcity at the Crossroads — Shaw Heritage Trail|
| The assassination of the Rev. Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. on Thursday, April 4, 1968, changed this neighborhood forever.
When word of Dr. King’s murder spread that evening, Washingtonians gathered along busy 14th and U streets, NW; H Street, NE; and here on Seventh. At first distraught residents simply demanded that businesses close to honor the life of Dr. King, but soon angry individuals began smashing storefronts and taking merchandise. Fury over Dr. King’s death, combined with local . . . — Map (db m21658) HM|
|District of Columbia (Washington), Southeast — George Preston Marshall|
| (west face):
[image of George Preston Marshall]
Founder of the Washington Redskins
Pioneer in the National Football League
[image of Washington Redskins logo]
The Washington Redskins organized in nation's capital, 1937.
This memorial is a tribute to George Preston Marshall and the Washington Redskins by the Redskin alumni and friends. — Map (db m15751) HM|
|District of Columbia (Washington), Southwest — Defender of Liberty — George Mason Memorial — George Mason, 1726-1792|
|“I ... looked forward to ... Independence, ... and will risque the last Penny of my Fortune and the last Drop of my Blood upon the Issue.”
George Mason, 1778.
George Mason belonged to the genteel Virginia plantation society that cultivated some truly extraordinary leaders. George Washington regarded Mason as his mentor and Thomas Jefferson described him as “the wisest man of his generation.” He devoted himself to achieving American . . . — Map (db m40862) HM|
|District of Columbia (Washington), The National Mall — Lincoln Memorial|
| [Dedication by Royal Cortissoz, above the statue by sculptor Daniel Chester French:]
"In this temple as in the hearts of the people for whom he saved the Union the memory of Abraham Lincoln is enshrined forever."
[Inscription on deck above the grand staircase:]
"I Have A Dream"
Martin Luther King, Jr.
The March on Washington
for Jobs and Freedom
August 28, 1963
[Panel on terrace below the grand staircase:]
The Federal Union of the . . . — Map (db m28607) HM|
|District of Columbia (Washington), The National Mall — National Grange|
| Near this site The National Grange of the Patrons of Husbandry was organized on December 4, 1867 in the office of the Superintendent of the Propagating Gardens Department of Agriculture The founders of the Grange were:
Oliver H. Kelley, John Trimble, Francis McDowell William Saunders, John H. Thomson, William M. Ireland,
Aaron B. Grosh - assisted by Caroline A. Hall.
This tablet erected by the National Grange, 1951. — Map (db m47448) HM|
|District of Columbia (Washington), The National Mall — Ulysses S. Grant Memorial|
| “Although a soldier by profession, I have never felt any sort of fondness for war, and I have never advocated it, except as a means of peace,” General Ulysses S. Grant.
Hiram Ulysses Grant, mistakenly listed as Ulysses Simpson Grant on United States Military Academy cadet rosters, ascended from Midwestern obscurity to become the Union’s military savior and, later, the 18th President of the United States. U.S. Grant’s requirement for “unconditional surrender” in . . . — Map (db m29459) HM|
|District of Columbia (Washington), The Tidal Basin — Japanese Stone Lantern - Lighting the Way — National Mall and Memorial Parks|
| Each year, the National Park Service and the National Council of State Societies conduct the Lantern Lighting Ceremony. The Embassy of Japan appoints a Cherry Blossom Princess for the occasion. As the audience counts down from five, the lantern is lit in an exciting, traditional event that signals the arrival of Spring in the Nation’s Capital.
Originally offered in 1921 to complement Japan’s 1912 gift of flowering cherry trees, this 20-ton, 17th century stone lantern soon fell victim . . . — Map (db m29559) HM|
|District of Columbia (Washington), The Tidal Basin — Martin Luther King, Jr. Memorial — National Mall and Memorial Parks, Washington, D.C.|
| “With this faith we will be able to hew out of the mountain of despair a stone of hope. With this faith, we will be able to transform the jangling discords of our nation into a beautiful symphony of brotherhood. With this faith, we will be able to work together, to pray together, to struggle together, to go to jail together, to stand up for freedom together, knowing that we will be free on day.” – Martin Luther King, Jr., "I Have a Dream,” August 28, 1963. . . . — Map (db m46398) HM|
|District of Columbia (Washington), the Tidal Basin — Thomas Jefferson — National Memorial Cornerstone|
was laid by
Franklin Delano Roosevelt
President of the
United States of America
1939 — Map (db m61890) HM|
|District of Columbia (Washington), Theodore Roosevelt Island — Theodore Roosevelt — Theodore Roosevelt Island National Memorial|
|Theodore Roosevelt: 1858-1919
[Quotations, Panel 1]:
There is delight in the hardy life of the open. There are no words that can tell the hidden spirit of the wilderness, that can reveal its mystery, its melancholy, and its charm.
The nation behaves well if it treats the natural resources as assets which it must turn over to the next generation, increased and not impaired in value.
Conservation means development as much as it does protection. . . . — Map (db m10738) HM|
|District of Columbia (Washington), Tidal Basin — The Gift of Trees - The 1910 Shipment — National Mall and Memorial Parks|
| The Gift of Trees Flowering cherry trees – which bloom profusely but do not bear edible fruit – were not common in the United States in 1900. American visitors to Japan found their beauty remarkable and journalist Eliza Scidmore was inspired to have these trees planted in Washington, D.C. She and David Fairchild, a botanist at the Department of Agriculture and plant explorer, were interested in beautifying the city’s landscape. In 1909, the project was endorsed at the highest . . . — Map (db m61837) HM|
|District of Columbia (Washington), Washington — Ashburton House|
|has been designated a National Historic Landmark This site possesses national significance in commemorating the history of the United States of America 1974 National Park Service United States Department of the Interior — Map (db m4082) HM|
|Florida (Alachua County), Archer — F-205 — Archer|
|(Front text) When Europeans first arrived in this area in the 16th century, the inhabitants were Timucuan Indians. In 1774, traveling botanist William Bartram visited Seminole Indians nearby. In the 1850's a town called Deer Hammock was established here, probably in anticipation of the construction of the Florida Railroad from Fernandina to Cedar Key. Upon completion of the railroad to Deer Hammock in 1859, the name of the town was changed in honor of James T. Archer, Florida's . . . — Map (db m69979) HM|
|Florida (Alachua County), Gainesville — F-321 — Josiah T. Walls|
|Born in 1842 to slave parents in Winchester, Va., little is known of Josiah T. Walls' early life. After a short term of Confederate service, he enlisted in the Third Regiment, U.S. Colored Troops in 1863. Transferred to Picolata on the St. Johns River in 1864, he married Helen Ferguson of Newnansville and in 1865 moved to Alachua County after he was mustered out. After passage of the U.S. Military Reconstruction Act of 1867, Walls entered into Florida politics; as
a delegate to the 1868 State . . . — Map (db m55400) HM|
|Florida (Brevard County), Melbourne Village — F-542 — Original Melbourne Village Hall|
|This community hall was constructed, circa 1941, as a barracks on the Banana River Naval Air Station. Following World War II, the Naval Air Station became Patrick Air Force Base. In 1948, this building was declared surplus, and sold to the American Homesteading Foundation (AHF), located in Melbourne Village, Florida. The building was barged down the Banana River and Indian River to Melbourne and trucked on the then two-lane U.S. Route 192 to this location. As the center of Village life, the . . . — Map (db m52733) HM|
|Florida (Brevard County), Satellite Beach — Percy L. Hedgecock — In memory of — 1916 - 1987|
|A strong Christian man who cared for the needs of others more than his own. Founder and first Mayor of Satellite Beach. A man who invested his time, talent and resources to help others. Through 16 years of dedicated service as Mayor, from 1957 to 1973, his vision and leadership helped this town of 400 develop into a debt-free city of 10,000 of which all can be proud. Percy's beliefs and legacy to each of us:
God put us on this earth to help others.
Have faith that God is good.
Lead . . . — Map (db m48978) HM|