|Alabama (Calhoun County), Jacksonville — William Henry Forney — 1823-1894|
|Brigadier General C.S.A.
With Army of Virginia 1861-1865.
Wounded in battle five times.
He was one of four distinguished sons
of Jacob Forney and Sabina Swope Hoke
of Jacksonville who held commissions
in the Confederate Army.
Member U.S. Congress 1875-1893
National Military Park Commission
Veteran Mexican War 1846. — Map (db m36480) HM|
|Alabama (Madison County), Huntsville — Seminole Wars / Mexican War|
I am Private Pet Younger of the 4th US Infantry Regiment. I joined the Regular Army in November 1835 at age 15. I was specially trained as part of the light infantry company whose main jobs were scouting and skirmishing. My training was mighty timely because I had stumbled right into the Second Seminole War! The Seminoles were a mixture of original Florida natives, Creeks fleeing Alabama and Georgia after the Creek War, and fugitive slaves. The conflict . . . — Map (db m71429) WM|
|Alabama (Montgomery County), Montgomery — 167th Infantry / Alabama’s Own — (4th Alabama)|
|An Alabama regiment was formed in 1836 to defend Fort Foster in Florida. Same unit, designated the 1st Alabama Volunteers ten years later, served in Mexican War. Mustered again May 4, 1861 as the 4th Alabama Infantry Regiment, it fought in every major battle in the Eastern Theater of the Civil War. The 4th distinguished itself in Battle of Manassas, the first major battle of the War, when it plugged gap in Confederate lines beside Brig. Gen. T. J. Jackson’s brigade and repulsed several Union . . . — Map (db m38897) HM|
|Alabama (Montgomery County), Montgomery — Jefferson Davis — June 3, 1808- December 6, 1889 — Soldier Scholar Statesman|
|A graduate of West Point Military Academy, he served the United States as Colonel of Mississippi Volunteers, Mexican War; member of House of Representatives, Senator, and as Secretary of War. Inaugurated President of the provisional government, Confederate States of America, February 18, 1861. — Map (db m36677) HM|
|Alabama (Montgomery County), Montgomery — Lomax House, 1848|
|Built by James J. Gilmer. Purchased by Reuben C. Shorter, 1819, for his wife, Caroline A.V. Billingslea, who later married Tennent Lomax, captain and governor of Orizaba, Mexican War colonel, 3rd Ala. Infantry Regt., CSA, killed at Battle of Seven Pines, 1862.
Social center of Montgomery for 60 years. Purchased in 1932 and restored to its original condition in 1972 by the Preferred Life Insurance Company. — Map (db m71248) HM|
|Alabama (Russell County), Fort Mitchell — James Cantey|
|Near here was the home of Confederate Brigadier General James Cantey who arrived in 1849 to operate a plantation owned by his father. Prior to coming to Russell County he had practiced law at his birthplace, Camden, South Carolina, and had represented his district in the State Legislature there for two terms. Cantey fought in the Mexican War and received near mortal wounds. He was left among the dead but was rescued by his body servant whose plans were to bear him home for burial. The slave's . . . — Map (db m81715) HM|
|Alabama (Tuscaloosa County), Tuscaloosa — Joshua L. Martin — Governor 1845 - 1847|
|He presided over the transfer of the capital from Tuscaloosa to Montgomery in 1847. When the United States invaded Mexico Alabamians readily joined to fight, just as they would in 1861. — Map (db m29034) HM|
|Arizona (Cochise County), Benson — Mormon Battalion — LDS Church|
| Dec 14, 1846
Last camp on
Erected 1960 — Map (db m27878) HM|
|Arizona (Cochise County), Douglas — Mormon Battalion — LDS Church|
two mile south
Dec 7 1846 — Map (db m28294) HM|
|Arizona (Cochise County), Douglas — Mormon Battalion — LDS Church|
march on record
Dec 6, 1846 — Map (db m28299) HM|
|Arizona (Cochise County), Douglas — Mormon Battalion — LDS Church|
Dec 5 1846 — Map (db m28300) HM|
|Arizona (Cochise County), Douglas — Mormon Battalion|
in 1846 — Map (db m40693) HM|
|Arizona (Cochise County), Saint David — Mormon Battalion — LDS Church|
Camp Dec 13 1846
Capt P.C. Merrill
San Pedro 1877
Erected 1960 — Map (db m27880) HM|
|Arizona (Cochise County), Sierra Vista — Mormon Battalion — LDS Church|
Dec 12 1846
Battle of the Bulls
Erected 1960 — Map (db m27882) HM|
|Arizona (Cochise County), Sierra Vista — Mormon Battalion Campsite|
Dec. 11, 1846
Herd of Wild
Erected 1960 — Map (db m27884) HM|
|Arizona (Graham County), Safford — Army of the West|
In 1846 General Kearney's
Army of the West
Guided by Kit Carson
followed the Gila River from
New Mexico to the occupation
of California in the Mexican
War, thus opening the
southern snowfree route to
the Pacific Coast. — Map (db m81868) HM|
|Arizona (Pima County), Tucson — Exchange at the Presidio — The Mormon Battalion Enters Tucson, 16 December 1846|
|Near this site on December 16 – 17, 1846, the U.S. 101st Infantry ("Mormon") Battalion under the command of Colonel Philip St. George Cooke peacefully occupied the Presidio San Agustin del Tucson.
Organized in Council Bluffs, Iowa, to reinforce General Stephen Watts Kearny's Army of the West during the Mexican – American War, the battalion marched 2,000 miles to San Diego, probably the longest march in the U.S. military history.
By the time the battalion reached Tucson, it . . . — Map (db m73983) HM|
|Arizona (Pima County), Tucson — To The Mormon Battalion|
|Which, under command of Col. Cooke, in the course of their 2,000 mile infantry march to the Pacific coast, arrived and raised the first American flag in Tucson.
December 16, 1846 — Map (db m27281) HM|
|Arizona (Pinal County), Casa Grande — In Honor of Mormon Battalion|
Who camped here Dec 20, 1846
in rout to Cal. War with Mexico.
Aaronic Priesthood Mesa 3rd Ward L.D.S.C.
Troop 57 Boy Scouts of America R.C.
Hugh Dana Sp.• Joseph Moody S.M. •
F.K. Pomeroy 1st Coun • T. Elmer Hastings Asst S.M.•
Leland Glazier, 2nd Coun • Lavier Gardner Jr. S.M. •
J.W. Bond Clerk • Gail Dana S.Com. •
Sen F.T.Pomeroy • Joseph Tate S.Com. •
C.W. Glazier • Chas Standage S.Com. •
Special Advisor Leo. Aldredse S. Com. — Map (db m27207) HM|
|Arizona (Pinal County), Gila River — Gadsden Purchase|
|The Gila River north of this site marked the international border of the United States and Mexico from 1848 to 1854. James Gadsden negotiated to purchase 38,000 Sq. miles of "wild country" for $15 million in gold. Amended to $10 million for 29,640 Sq. miles, the Gadsden Purchase maintained southern railroad and wagon routes but preserved Mexico's link to Baja, California. Today the Gadsden Purchase comprises 24 percent of Arizona's total land area. — Map (db m33689) HM|
|Arizona (Pinal county), Gila River — Gadsden Purchase|
|The Gila River north of this site marked the international border of the United States and Mexico from 1848 to 1854. James Gadsden negotiated to purchase 38,000 SQ. Miles of "wild country" for $15 million in gold. Amended to $10 million for 29,640 Sq. miles, the Gadsden Purchase maintained southern railroad and wagon routes but preserved Mexico's link to Baja, California. Today the Gadsden Purchase comprises 24 percent of Arizona's total land area. — Map (db m33692) HM|
|Arizona (Pinal County), Picacho — 71 — Mormon Battalion Trail|
|The Mormon Battalion of the U.S. Army camped here enroute to California December 17, 1846. During the war with Mexico, on the longest infantry march of record, they were first to unfurl the flag of the United States in Tucson.
This marker placed by Aaronic Priesthood, Mesa Third Ward, Maricopa Stake, J.R. Price, President, Charles E. Standage, Chairman.
Hugh Dana, . . . — Map (db m27211) HM|
|Arizona (Yuma County), Roll — Antelope Hill Campsite|
|1846 U.S. Army 1848
Jan. 4 1847
Trail — Map (db m62008) HM|
|Arizona (Yuma County), Yuma — Mormon Battalion Crossing / Colorado River Crossing|
Mounted on back of monument
Mormon Battalion Crossing
This monument marks the approximate site of the crossing of the Colorado River by the Mormon Battalion on 10 and 11 January 1847.
The Mormon Battalion consisted of 500 volunteer soldiers from among the Mormon pioneers as they crossed Iowa in 1846. They were mustered into the United States Army at Council Bluffs, Iowa, on 16 July of that year to serve in the War with Mexico. they marched down the Missouri River to . . . — Map (db m62011) HM|
|Arizona (Yuma County), Yuma — U.S. Army of the West — Mormon Battalion|
|Longest Sustained March in U.S. Military History, 1846-1847.
Between 1846 and 1848, the United States and Mexico went to war. One of the major directives of the United States during this war was to secure its western border and to occupy California and the territory of New Mexico. The government asked for volunteers, and over 500 members of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints answered the call. Their unit became known as the Mormon Battalion.
The Mormon Battalion was . . . — Map (db m22686) HM|
|Arkansas (Washington County), Fayetteville — Archibald Yell — In Memory Of|
Born near Salisbury, North Carolina, Aug. 1797
Volunteer in Battle of New Orleans, 1815
Member of Tennessee Legislature, 1827
Grand Master of Masons in Tennessee, 1831
District Judge of Arkansas Territory, 1832-1836
Charter Member of Washington Lodge F.&A.M., 1835
Charter Member of Far West Chapter No. 1, R.A. [Royal Arch] Masons, 1841
Member of Congress from Arkansas, 1836-1840, 1844-1846
Governor of Arkansas, 1840-1844
Colonel of Arkansas Volunteers
In War with Mexico, . . . — Map (db m59891) HM|
|California (Alameda County), Oakland — In Memory of Col. John Coffee Hays — 1-28-1817 • 4-21-1883|
|Born near Little Cedar Lick, Wilson County, Tennessee. Lived in Mississippi, where he learned surveying. Joined Republic of Texas Army in May, 1836, and served 3 years in ranger/spy companies. Gained fame as an Indian fighter while surveyor for Bexar County, Texas. In 1840, age 23, appointed Captain of Rangers, later a Major. Was in more than 40 Indian/Mexican fights, including Plum Creek, Bandera Pass, Battle of Salado, Enchanted Rock and Painted Rocks.
As Colonel of 1st Regiment, Texas . . . — Map (db m55204) HM|
|California (Alameda County), Pleasanton — 510 — Francisco Solano Alviso Adobe|
|This building, erected in 1844-46 by Francisco Solano Alviso, was the first adobe house to be built in the Pleasanton Valley. It was originally called Alisal-The Sycamores. Following the Battle of Sunol Canyon, General John C. Frémont withdrew to this building, which became his headquarters for several days. — Map (db m3558) HM|
|California (Fresno County), Fresno — 28 — John Charles Fremont|
|Fremont passed within sight of this spot on April 7, 1844. He is coming from the San Joaquin River to the Kings River with his mountain men guides, Thomas "Broken Hand" Fitzpatrick, Kit Carson and Alex Godey. Fremont described a vast prairie with great bands of elk, wild horses and antelope. Wolves stalked young animals nearby. He returned in 1846 and took part in the Mexican War. In that war he was served by James D. Savage, later to become a trader friend of the Indians, commander of the . . . — Map (db m78355) HM|
|California (Kern County), Bakersfield — 732 — Home of Elisha Stevens|
|Near this spot stood the last home of Elisha Stevens, noted American pathfinder and scout. Born in Georgia April 5, 1804, he learned blacksmithing during his youth. Drifting west he became a trapper on the Upper Missouri for more than two decades. In 1844 he led the 50-member Murphy-Townsend wagon train safely from Council Bluffs to Sutter’s Fort. During the Mexican War he served as an ordnance mechanic under Commodore Stockton. For a time he lived in Santa Clara County, then settled here on a . . . — Map (db m50252) HM|
|California (Los Angeles County), Compton — 152 — Domínguez Ranch House|
[The arch way leading to the grounds is flanked by two markers:]
Domínguez Ranch House
Central portion built in 1826 by Manuel Domínguez.
Rancho San Pedro
Ten square leagues granted, provisionally by Governor Fages to Juan José Domínguez in 1784. Regranted by Governor Sola to Cristóbal Domínguez in 1822.
Battle of Domínguez Ranch
Fought on this rancho October 8 & 9, 1846, when Californians led by José Antonio Carrillo repelled United . . . — Map (db m64857) HM|
|California (Los Angeles County), Los Angeles — Fort Moore — Pioneer Memorial and Park|
|On this site stood
Fort Moore built by the
Mormon Battalion during
the War with Mexico
This memorial honors the troops who helped to win the South West.
The Flag of the United States was raised here on July 4th 1847
by United States Troops at the First Independence Celebration in Los Angeles.
The United States 1st Dragoons who fought at San Pasqual.
The New York Volunteers who came by sea.
The Mormon Battalion which made one of the . . . — Map (db m81688) HM|
|California (Los Angeles County), Los Angeles — Headquarters of Commander Robert Field Stockton — Avila Adobe|
Com. Robert Field Stockton U.S.N.
January 1847 — Map (db m81719) HM|
|California (Los Angeles County), Montebello — 385 — Battle of the Rio San Gabriel|
| . . . — Map (db m51042) HM|
|California (Los Angeles County), San Pedro — Battery Osgood-Farley Historic Site — "Home of the Fort MacArthur Museum" — Battle Honors, Third Coast Artillery|
|+ Battle Honors
Third Coast Artillery
War of 1812
Fort Nelson, VA. - June 22, 1813
Fort Oswego, NY. - May 5-6, 1814
Palo Alto - May 8. 1846
Resaca de La Palma - May 9, 1846
Monterey - Sept. 21-23, 1846
Vera Cruz - March 9-28, 1847
Cerro Gordo Contreras
Churubusco Molino Del Rey
Seminole - 1832-39
Creek - 1836
Cherokee - 1838
Seminole - 1849-50
Rogue River -1855
Washington - 1858
Civil War . . . — Map (db m81750) HM|
|California (Los Angeles County), Universal City — 151/29 — Campo De Cahuenga — Original Adobe|
| Beneath this park rest the stone foundations and floor tiles of the historic adobe where Mexican General Andres Pico and U.S. Lieutenant Colonel John C. Fremont signed the Treaty of Cahuenga on January 13, 1847. Signing the Treaty ended the hostilities in California between the United States and Mexico, and led to the Treaty of Guadalupe-Hidalgo, which ceded California to the U.S. and formally ended the Mexican-American War. The adobe, then owned by a Spaniard, Eulogio de Celis, may have been . . . — Map (db m51366) HM|
|California (Monterey County), Monterey — 1 — Monterey Custom House|
|It was over this building that the American flag was raised by Commodore John Drake Sloat, July 7, 1846, signalizing the passing of California from Mexican rule.
Restored through the efforts of the Native Sons of the Golden West with the assistance of the people of California. — Map (db m59956) HM|
|California (Monterey County), Monterey — Monterey Harbor|
□ Look out upon these waters.
□ Their recorded history began when Juan Rodriguez Cabrillo sighted the "Bay of Pines" on Nov. 17, 1542.
□ Sebastian Viscaino was first to touch land Dec. 16, 1602. He claimed the land for Spain and named the Harbor for the Viceroy of Mexico, the Count of Monterey.
□ June 3, 1770 is Monterey's birthday. On that day Gaspar de Portola, the soldier, and Padre Junipero Serra, Father of California Missions, joined from land and . . . — Map (db m30347) HM|
|California (Monterey County), Monterey — Site of Original Flagstaff|
|Site of original flagstaff
where the American flag was first raised
Commodore John Drake Sloat
July, 7th 1846
taking possession of California in the name of
the United States of America
Later ceded to America
under the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo
on February 2, 1848. — Map (db m63063) HM|
|California (Monterey County), Monterey — Sloat Monument|
|To commemorate the taking possession of California by Commodore John Drake Sloat United States Navy July 7 1846 — Map (db m72042) HM|
|California (Monterey County), Monterey — Sloat's Landing|
|On this spot on July 7, 1846, U.S. Marines and Sailors landed and raised the American flag over the Custom House which stands before you. Mexico and the United States were at war. American forces landing in Monterey claimed 600,000 square miles for the United States. — Map (db m59955) HM|
|California (Monterey County), Prunedale — 651 — Battle of Natividad|
|Combined American forces under Captains Charles D. Burrass (or Burroughs) and Bluford K. Thompson clashed with Comandante Manuel de Jesús Castro's Californians in this vicinity on November 16, 1846. Casualties on each side consisted of several men killed and wounded. The Americans saved a large herd of horses for Lt. Col. John C. Frémont, who then later proceeded south to participate in the Armistice at Cahuenga in January 1847.
California Registered Historical Landmark No. 651
. . . — Map (db m26646) HM|
|California (Sacramento County), Elk Grove — 680 — Murphy’s Corral|
|This is the site of the beginning of the conquest of California by the United States on June 10, 1846. American settlers led by Ezekial Merritt overpowered soldiers under Lt. Francisco Arce and took their Mexican Army horses from the corral of the Murphy Ranch on the north bank of the Consumnes River. The “Bear Flag” action in Sonoma followed on June 14, 1846. — Map (db m11869) HM|
|California (Sacramento County), Sacramento — General George Wright — 1803 – 1865|
|A graduate of West Point, his gallantry on the fields of battle earned him commendations; from the Seminole War in Florida, to the Mexican War, to the Indian Campaign in the Pacific Northwest. His unwavering loyalty to the Union would prompt President Lincoln to appoint him Commander of the Pacific Coast during the Civil War. The sinking of the steamer "Brother Jonathan" off the coast of Crescent City during a violent storm claimed the General as a victim, July 30, 1865 — Map (db m10766) HM|
|California (San Bernardino County), Baker — The Desert Studies Center|
| [Panel #1]
1776 - 1830: Early Explorers
1776 - As the Revolutionary War broke out, California was still a province of Spain, and the Spanish government decided to help feed a hungry Mexico by farming the fertile valleys around Monterey and San Francisco bays. While Juan Bautista de Anza explored a possible trade route south of here, Father Francisco Garces followed the Colorado River northward. He eventually met Mojave tribesmen who led him west, across . . . — Map (db m51480) HM|
|California (San Bernardino County), Barstow — General Steven Watts Kearny — 1794-1848|
|He was “the Father of the US Calvary” and President Polk named him “Commander of the Army of the West”. In 1848 he went from Santa Fe, NM on to CA with 100 men on an arduous trip across our desert and on to a battle at San Pascual in a fight for independence from Mexico. — Map (db m50576) HM|
|California (San Bernardino County), Chino — 942 — Rancho Chino Adobe Site|
|Near this site, Isaac Williams in 1841 built a large adobe home, located on the 22,000-acre Rancho Chino which he acquired from his father-in-law Antonio Lugo. The "Battle of Chino" occurred at the adobe on September 26-27, 1846, during which 24 Americans were captured by a group of about 50 Californios. Located on the Southern Immigrant Trail to California, the adobe later became an inn and stage stop famous for its hospitality. — Map (db m50665) HM|
|California (San Bernardino County), Chino — Site of the Battle of Chino|
|Near this spot once stood the home of Isaac Williams, first American settler in this valley, about which on September 26-27 1846, was fought the first important engagement in California of the war with Mexico.
This was also the site of the Chino Ranch Station of the Butterfield Stage Line, 1858–61.
— Map (db m379) HM|
|California (San Bernardino County), Victorville — 150 — Lane's Crossing|
|Since ancient times, indigenous peoples have used the many networks of trails in the East Mojave Desert for both seasonal migration and to carry on trade with coastal Indians. Most of these trails converged at narrow passes and safe river crossings. Such was the case here at what has become known as the Lower Narrows, or Lane's Crossing. The Serrano-Vanyume village of Tobiabit was located here. The Mojave River flowed almost all year, providing weary travelers with much needed water and rest. . . . — Map (db m73550) HM|
|California (San Diego County), Escondido — An Incident of the Mexican War|
|The Army sent from Santa Fe to occupy California was met and defeated by the Mexicans at San Pasquale. The American forces were driven upon a butte in the desert, on which there was no water and there surrounded by the Mexican forces Edward F. Beale and Kit Carson, both famous explorers of the West volunteered to get through the Mexican lines and get reinforcements from Stockton’s fleet at San Diego. They succeeded in crawling past three cordons of Mexican sentries in the night, and by hiding . . . — Map (db m12865) HM|
|California (San Diego County), Escondido — San Pasqual|
|The State of California
honors with this monument
the American Soldiers
who, under the leadership of
Brig.-Gen. Stephen W. Kearny,
Captain Abraham R. Johnston,
Captain Benjamin D. Moore,
Edward F. Beale, U.S.N.,
Kit Carson, the Scout,
gave their lives
in the Battles of San Pasqual
between the Americans and Mexicans,
December 6-10, 1846.
Captain Abraham R. Johnston •
Captain Benjamin D. Moore •
Lieutenant Thos. C. Hammond •
Sgt. John Cox •
Corp. Wm. C. . . . — Map (db m51980) HM|
|California (San Diego County), Escondido — 533 — San Pasqual Battlefield|
|While marching to the conquest and occupation of California during the Mexican War, a detachment of 1st U.S. Dragoons, under the command of Brig. Gen. Stephen W. Kearny, was met on this site by native California lancers under, the command of Gen. Andres Pico. In this battle, fought on December 6, 1846, severe losses were incurred by the American forces. The native Californians withdrew after Kearny had rallied his men on the field. Gallant action on the part of both forces characterized the . . . — Map (db m51095) HM|
|California (San Diego County), San Diego — 54 — Fort Stockton|
|Fortified briefly by Carlos Carrillo in 1838. This site became Fort Dupont (July –November 1846) after American forces took Old Town during the Mexican War. Retaken and held briefly by the Californios, it fell once more to the Americans, who renamed it Fort Stockton and used it as campaign headquarters for ending the Californio Revolt in early 1847. The Mormon Battalion stayed here later that year. The post was abandoned on September 25, 1848. — Map (db m81720) HM|
|California (San Diego County), San Diego — Juan Bandini|
1800 – 1859
Patriot and Friend of the United States
This structure has been
recorded by the
of the United States Department
of the Interior for its archives
at the Library of Congress. — Map (db m13062) HM|
|California (San Diego County), San Diego — 7 — Mormon Battalion|
the heroic sacrifice and
"whose march over 2000 miles
from Council Bluffs, Iowa to San Diego
help to win California for the Union
and open a new road to the Pacific
over desert wastes"
began July 16, 1846
completed January 29, 1847.
"History may be searched in vain
for an equal march of infantry."
-U.S. Army Records — Map (db m51992) HM|
|California (San Diego County), San Diego — 452 — Mule Hill|
|On December 7, 1846, day following Battle of San Pasqual fought five miles east of here, General Stephen Kearny’s command while marching on San Diego was attacked by Californians. The Americans counter-attacked, occupied hill until December 11 when march was resumed. Short of food, they ate mule meat and named the place “Mule Hill.” — Map (db m40829) HM|
|California (San Diego County), San Diego — Services of the Mormon Battalion|
|The historic march of the Mormon Battalion -- -- More than 2000 miles through the wilderness -- -- was made in fulfillment of official U.S. orders. Brigham Young, Prophet – Leader of the Mormons, personally recruited these troops. The Battalion blazed the first wagon trail to the Pacific over the Southern Route, was instrumental in acquiring the vast southwestern empire for the United States; and raised the Stars and Stripes for the first time over Fort Tucson and Fort Moore. Later some . . . — Map (db m51990) HM|
|California (San Diego County), San Diego — The 500 Volunteer Soldiers of the Mormon Battalion — 1840 - 1848|
|In the midst of preparations for their exodus to the Valley of the Great Salt Lake, the Mormon pioneers were asked by the United States government to enlist a battalion of 500 volunteers for service in the war with Mexico. These troops started from western Iowa in July, 1846, and arrived in San Diego January 29, 1847. Completing the longest infantry march in history, this expedition helped win the war, prepared the way for colonization of the southwest, opened new trade routes, and strengthened distant national boundaries. — Map (db m51991) HM|
|California (San Diego County), San Diego — The Mormon Battalion at San Diego|
|On arriving at San Diego on January 29, 1847, soldiers of the Mormon Battalion occupied Fort Stockton on this site. They promptly began to improve this community, digging the first wells, crating the first pumps to draw water, building the first kiln in California, and used the brick to surface sidewalks, face wells, and buildings. They taught irrigation and built the first blacksmith shop and bakery. When orders came for them to leave, the citizens drew up a petition signed by every adult . . . — Map (db m14488) HM|
|California (San Diego County), San Diego — 257 — Women of the Mormon Battalion|
[Marker located on Front of Base:
Mormon women were anxious to reach the glorious West and any means offered seemed an answer to prayer to help them on their way. When it was learned four laundresses would be allowed each of the five companies, the wives of the soldiers made application and twenty were chosen. Men who could meet the expenses were permitted to take their families. Hence nearly eighty women and children accompanied the Battalion. They endured the hardships of the . . . — Map (db m81721) HM|
|California (San Francisco City and County), San Francisco — CHL 81 — Commander John B. Montgomery's Landing Site|
|On July 9, 1846, in the early morning, in “the days when water came up to Montgomery Street,” Commander John B. Montgomery – for whom Montgomery Street was named – landed near this spot from the U.S. Sloop-of-War “Portsmouth,” to raise the Stars and Stripes on the plaza, now Portsmouth Square, one block to the west. — Map (db m58398) HM|
|California (San Francisco City and County), San Francisco — CHL 119 — Portsmouth Plaza — An Historic Shrine|
|Named for U.S.S. Portsmouth commanded by Capt. John B. Montgomery, after whom Montgomery Street was named. It was here on the plaza that Capt. Montgomery first raised the American flag near the Mexican adobe custom house on July 9, 1846. This plaza was the center of many early day activities among which were the following:-
First public school building erected 1847, S.W. corner of plaza, where religious services and many public meetings were held.
Dramatic and authoritative announcement . . . — Map (db m71674) HM|
|California (San Francisco City and County), San Francisco — Raising of the American Flag|
|On this spot
the American flag
was first raised
in San Francisco
John B. Montgomery
of the U.S.S. Portsmouth
July 9, 1846 — Map (db m81722) HM|
|California (San Joaquin County), Stockton — 513 — John Brown — (California’s Paul Revere)|
|In 1846, during American conquest of California, John Brown, nicknamed “Juan Flaco,” rode from Los Angeles to San Francisco in four days to warn Commodore Stockton of the siege of Los Angeles. As a result, troops were sent and the city secured. This 'Paul Revere of California,' lived in Stockton from 1851 to 1859, and is buried in the former Citizen's Cemetery near this site. — Map (db m16011) HM|
|California (San Luis Obispo County), San Miguel — Lt. Col. John C. Fremont|
|Lt. Col. John C. Fremont
and his 430 American volunteers camped on this hill December 10 - 11, 1846 and took the Mission San Miguel.
Fremont's march from San Juan Bautista to San Fernando brought about the Cahuenga Capitulation January 13, 1847, ending the Mexican War in California. — Map (db m59991) HM|
|California (Santa Clara County), San Jose — Captain Thomas Fallon — 1990 — Artist: Robert Glen|
|This statue of Captain Thomas Fallon was commissioned in 1988. It memorializes the raising of the U.S. flag in San Jose in 1846, when California was still a part of Mexico. Scheduled to be installed in 1990, the statue generated an intense controversy. Supporters of the artwork believed that it commemorated an important historical event in San Jose’s history. Opponents of the statue responded that it represented a troubling moment in American history, when the United States used the . . . — Map (db m81726) HM|
|California (Santa Clara County), San Jose — Henry Morris Naglee|
|Brigadier General United States Volunteers
Lieutenant Colonel United States Army
A Citizen of San Jose
Born 1815 • Settled in California 1847 • Died 1886
This monument commemorates his service to the Country
in the Mexican and Civil Wars. His public spirit in promoting the welfare of this city and valley. His leadership in the development of agriculture and his efforts to secure commercial freedom for the people of California — Map (db m30196) HM|
|California (Santa Clara County), San Jose — Juzgado|
|On this site stood the Juzgado, or town hall, of the Pueblo de San José. Constructed of adobe in 1798, it housed the jail, the court and the offices of the comisionado and alcalde, and was the pueblo's primary governmental building. When Captain Thomas Fallon took possession of the town during the Mexican War, he signaled victory on July 14, 1846, by raising the U.S. flag, the first to fly permanently in Santa Clara County, over the Juzgado. — Map (db m31152) HM|
|California (Santa Clara County), Santa Clara — 260 — Armistice Oak Tree Site|
|Here, on January 8, 1847, Francisco Sanchez, leader of a California band surrendered himself and some American prisoners and arms to Lieut. Grayson thus ending the “Battle of Santa Clara” or the “Battle of the Mustard Stalks” of January 2, 1847. This armistice ended the last uprising against the tide of American conquest in the Santa Clara Valley. — Map (db m2627) HM|
|California (Santa Clara County), Santa Clara — Battle of Santa Clara|
|On January 2, 1847, somewhere hereabouts was fought the last northern battle of the Mexican War. The official casualty report: “Dead none, Wounded none, Missing but one on the American side and he came up shortly afterwards stating that he had been searching for his ramrod which in the excitement, he had forgotten to draw from his gun and fired at the enemy” — Map (db m24337) HM|
|California (Santa Clara County), Santa Clara — Captain Harry Love|
|Here lies Captain Harry Love, who with a troop of twenty others, on July 25, 1853 allegedly killed bandits Joaquin Murrieta and Three Fingered Jack near Arroyo de Cantua, Fresno County, California.
Born in Vermont, Love first visited Alta California as a seaman in 1839. He served in the Mexican War of 1846 and later as an Army Express rider, and explorer of the Rio Grande. Love arrived in San Francisco in December of 1850 and took residence in Mariposa County. He was commissioned as . . . — Map (db m24122) HM|
|California (Santa Clara County), Santa Clara — 260 — Santa Clara Campaign Treaty Site|
|After armed confrontation nearby on January 2, 1847, and a truce meeting the following day, Marine Capt. Ward Marston, commander of the United States expeditionary force, and Francisco Sánchez, leader of the Mexican-Californian ranchers, agreed to a treaty here on January 7. United States forces were to recognize rights of Californians and to end seizures of their personal properties. — Map (db m57844) HM|
|California (Santa Clara County), Santa Clara — The Battle of Santa Clara — January 2-7, 1847|
|The Battle of Santa Clara was the only campaign fought in the Northern district of California between Californios and United States forces during the Mexican-American war. In the 1840’s an oak forest grew near the present Lawrence Expressway, but brackish water and marshy soil limited tree growth in the region to the east providing an unobstructed view of Mission Santa Clara three miles ahead. The battle took place in this open plain.
As you face towards City Hall, the battle area . . . — Map (db m81727) HM|
|California (Santa Cruz County), Watsonville — 998 — Rancho San Andrés Castro Adobe|
|The Castro Adobe is an outstanding example of Monterey Colonial architectural styling. The adobe functioned as a regional social center due to the importance of its location as the governing seat of the Castro family rural empire, which reached across seven land grants to include over a quarter of a million acres. — Map (db m2354) HM|
|California (Shasta County), Cottonwood — 10 — Site of Reading Adobe — Rancho Buena Ventura|
|Home of Pierson Barton Reading (1816-1868)-California Pioneer of 1843-Major in Fremont's California Battalion, Mexican War of 1846, signer of Capitulation of Cahuenga-discoverer of second major gold strike 1848-adobe built here 1847, designated seat of Shasta County Government 1850-51, kitchen wing of Reading mansion 1854-1881, destroyed by vandals 1942-best stock farm in California 1862. Major Reading buried nearby. — Map (db m57814) HM|
|California (Sonoma County), Petaluma — 18 — Vallejo’s Petaluma Adobe — ← 6 Miles|
|Built by General M.G. Vallejo, 1834–1844, and known as Casa Grande. According to General Vallejo, “building was of immense proportions with different departments for factories and warehouses.” — Map (db m2564) HM|
|California (Sutter County), Sutter — Major General John C. Fremont and his Expedition|
|In Commemoration of Major General John C. Fremont, U.S. Army, and his expedition, encamped in the Sutter Buttes in this vicinity, May 30, 1848, to June 8, 1848.
While on the march from Klamath Lake to Sonoma when he represented the United States Government during the Bear Flag Uprising which resulted in the acquisition of California from Mexico.
Originally erected by the Bi-County Federation of Women's Clubs of Yuba and Sutter Counties, 1923.
Restored through the efforts of the . . . — Map (db m63261) HM|
|California (Tehama County), Red Bluff — 12 — William B. Ide Adobe|
|This adobe house, built by William B. Ide reputedly about 1850, represents a typical frontier structure of the American Period. Ide, who came to California with his family in 1845, was the first and only President of the California Republic under the Bear Flag Proclamation of June 14, 1846 — Map (db m10346) HM|
|California (Tehama County), Red Bluff — 12 — William B. Ide Adobe - 1 Mile Marker|
|Built about 1850 by General Ide who came to California with his family in 1845. Helped organize the revolt against the Mexican Mandate requiring Americans to leave California and was first and only President of the California Republic under Bear Flag Party Proclamation.
Historical Landmark No.12 — Map (db m10345) HM|
|California (Tuolumne County), Columbia — Mormon Battalion Monument|
|While they were crossing the plains with their families, five hundred Mormon men were inducted into the United States Army in July, 1846 to aid in the war against Mexico in California. The Mormon Battalion marched 2,000 miles from Council Bluffs, Iowa to San Diego, California – the longest infantry march in U. S. history. After they were discharged in 1847, some proceeded to what became known as Mormon Gulch, now Tuttletown. The Battalion panned for gold in Mormon Creek, often using . . . — Map (db m6842) HM|
|Connecticut (Fairfield County), Ridgefield — Ridgefield Veterans Monument|
| [ west side ]
To the Memory of The
Citizens of Ridgefield
Who Served Their Country
In the Wars of the Republic
1775 – 1918
Erected by the People of Ridgefield MCMXXIV
[ east side ]
War of the Revolution
Patrick Ambrose • Amos Baker • Bartholomew Baker • Seth Baker • John Baldwin • John Barns • Wakeman Barrett • Stephen Beers • Abijah Benedict • Daniel Benedict • Darius Benedict • Gamaliel Benedict • Jesse Benedict • John Benedict • Benjamin Bennett • . . . — Map (db m31972) WM|
|Connecticut (Fairfield County), Wilton — Wilton Veterans Memorial|
|Wilton Veterans Memorial
Those who served
Revolutionary War 1775 – 1784
War of 1812 1812 – 1814
Mexican War 1846 – 1848
Civil War 1861 1865
Spanish – American War 1989 – 1902
World War I 1917 – 1918
World War II 1941 – 1946
Korean Conflict 1950 – 1955
Vietnam War 1964 – 1973
Dedicated Memorial Day 1988
The American Legion
James B. Whipple Post 86
Rotary Club of . . . — Map (db m32254) WM|
|Connecticut (Hartford County), Avon — Avon Veterans Monument|
| [ center panel ]
"No Greater Gift"
Beman, Job • Booth, Austin C • Brewer, Gilbert F • Buckley, Frederick O • Calkins, Obed H • Clark, Henry W • Evans, Henry D • Evans, Newton J • Fra, John M • Hawley, Robert A • Hurd, Btron W • McArthur, Henry • Parsons, Norton D • Porter, Henry C • Rice, Eli • Rogers, Chauncey • Rogers, William H • Opson, Charles • Willard, James S • Willard, John L • Woodford, Edgar M • Woodford, Sheldon . . . — Map (db m33168) WM|
|Connecticut (New Haven County), New Haven — Soldiers and Sailors Monument|
| [ inscription on the west face of the base ]
Gettysburg • Port Hudson • Fort Fisher • 1861-1865
[ inscription on the east face of the base ]
Bunker Hill • Bennington • Saratoga • 1775-1783
[ inscription on the south face of the base ]
Lake Erie • Lake Champlain • New Orleans • 1812-1815
[ inscription on the north face of the base ]
Palo Alto • Molino Del Rey • Chapultepec • 1846-1848
[ west plaque ]
Soldiers . . . — Map (db m34723) WM|
|Delaware (New Castle County), Wilmington — Samuel Francis Du Pont|
|MDCCCIII - MDCCCLXV Rear Admiral United States Navy Statue was erected by the Congress of the United States in recognition of his distinguished services Originally placed in Du Pont Circle Washington D.C. it was removed to this site A.D. MCMXX — Map (db m19452) HM|
|District of Columbia (Washington), Judiciary Square — Albert Pike Monument|
|[pedestal, north face:]
Laborum Ejus Supersites Sunt Fructus
Author - Poet
[pedestal, west face:]
Scholar - Soldier
[pedestal, south face:]
Erected 1901 by the Supreme Council of
the A. A. S. R. of Freemasonry
for the S. J. U.S.A.
Philanthropist - Philosopher
[pedestal, east face:]
Jurist - Orator — Map (db m29652) HM|
|District of Columbia (Washington), Northwest — Daniel Webster Memorial|
| Daniel Webster "Liberty and Union, Now and Forever, One and Inseparable." Expounder and Defender of the Constitution Born at Salisbury, N.H., Jan 18, 1772 Died at Marshfield, Mass., Oct 24, 1852 "Our Country, Our Whole Country, and nothing but Our Country!" (Given by Stilson Hutchins, a native of N.H. Dedicated January 18, 1900. G. Trentanove [sculptor].) — Map (db m81729) HM|
|District of Columbia (Washington), Northwest — Samuel Francis Du Pont — Memorial Fountain in Du Pont Circle|
| Samuel Francis Du Pont, United States Navy, 1803 - 1865
This memorial fountain replaces a statue erected by the Congress of the United States in recognition of his distinguished services. — Map (db m32426) HM|
|District of Columbia (Washington), Northwest — Winfield Scott — General-in-Chief, U.S. Army|
|SCOTT — Map (db m21943) WM|
|District of Columbia (Washington), Northwest — Winfield Scott|
| In Honor of
Born 13 June 1788 – Died 29 May 1866
General in Chief of the Army
1841 – 1861
Founder of the
United States Soldiers Home — Map (db m52806) HM|
|Florida (Miami-Dade County), Miami — Wagner Homestead — Miami River Greenway|
|This 1850s structure is the oldest standing house in Miami-Dade County. It was built by William Wagner, a German immigrant and U.S. Army veteran. After being wounded in the Mexican-American War in 1847, Wagner returned to Fort Moultrie, Georgia to recuperate and married Eveline Aimar, a French Creole.
In 1855, Wagner's former Army unit was assigned from Fort Moultrie to Fort Dallas along the north shore of the Miami River. There, Wagner joined forces with Captain Sinclair, a sea captain . . . — Map (db m78192) HM|
|Florida (Saint Johns County), St. Augustine — William Wing Loring|
|(Front):In memory of a distinguished American solider, citizen of St. Augustine, Fla. Born December 4, 1818. Died December 30, 1885. His courage in battle was conspicuous; His devotion to duty unfailing; His ability recognized by three governments. He commanded the first trans-continental march; convoying to California, in safety an emigrant train of three hundred wagons through pathless and hostile territory; an unsurpassed record, this memorial is erected by Anna Dummett Chapter . . . — Map (db m47015) HM|
|Georgia (Bartow County), Cassville — 008-40 — Grave of Gen. William Tatum Wofford|
|Gen. William Tatum Wofford (June 28, 1824 - May 22, 1884), Cav. Capt. in the Mexican War, Col. and Brig. Gen. in the Confederate Army, is buried here. After Fredericksburg he succeeded to the command of Gen. Thomas R. R. Cobb, who was mortally wounded there. He served with distinction at Manassas, South Mountain, Antietam, Fredericksburg, Chancellorsville and the Wilderness. Jan. 23, 1865, the Confederate War Department placed him in charge of forces in North Georgia to protect citizens against . . . — Map (db m30569) HM|
|Georgia (Bibb County), Macon — 011-10 — Alfred Holt Colquitt|
|Governor of Georgia (1877-1882), U.S. Congressman (1853-1855), U.S. Senator (1883-1894), Major U.S. Army in the Mexican War, Brigadier-General in the Confederate Army, Alfred Holt Colquitt is buried here. Born in Walton County, Georgia, April 20, 1824, he died in Washington, D.C., March 26, 1894. In the Confederate Army he served first as Colonel of the famous 6th Ga. Regiment of Infantry. On September 1, 1862, he was appointed Brigadier-General.
Until May 1863 he was commander of . . . — Map (db m25393) HM|
|Georgia (Chatham County), Savannah — 25-42 — Birthplace of John C. Frémont|
| One of two native Georgians who served as generals in the U.S. Army during the Civil War, John C. Frémont was born nearby on January 21, 1813. As an army officer, his 1840s explorations of the American West gained him fame as the “Pathfinder.” During the U.S.-Mexican War, Frémont seized California for the U.S. and was elected one of its first Senators in 1850. Opposed to slavery’s expansion, he ran unsuccessfully in 1856 as the first Republican presidential candidate. During the . . . — Map (db m62765) HM|
|Georgia (Chatham County), Savannah — 025-32 — Col. James S. McIntosh (1784-1847)|
|James S. McIntosh achieved an immortal record of gallantry in the War of 1812 and in the War with Mexico. In 1814 he saw considerable action on the Canadian border, he was severely wounded at Buffalo. In the Mexican War, Col. McIntosh was desperately wounded by bayonets at Resaca de la Palma in 1846. When a fellow officer, who found him on the field, asked if he might be of any service, McIntosh replied, “Yes, give me some water and show me my regiment.” Returning to combat the . . . — Map (db m81621) HM|
|Georgia (Clay County), Fort Gaines — 030-7 — Fort Gaines Guards|
|Organized in 1836 under the command of Col. J. E. Brown, for 74 years the Fort Gaines Guards was one of the best and, later, the oldest military organization in western Georgia. Kept intact between wars, the Guards fought in the Indian and Mexican Wars In 1861, 120 men under Capt. B. A. Turnipseed, as Co. D, 9th Ga. Regiment, Tige Anderson’s Brigade, Longstreet’s Corps, fought gallantly through the War Between the States. Of the original 120, only 13 remained to surrender at Appomattox. . . . — Map (db m47097) HM|
|Georgia (Clay County), Fort Gaines — 030-9 — Gen. Edmund Pendleton Gaines|
|The son of James Gaines, Revolutionary soldier and relative of five Presidents, General Gaines (1777–1849) was born in Virginia. From 1801 to 1804 he built the military highway from Nashville, Tenn., to Natchez, Miss. He made the arrest of Aaron Burr in 1807 and was a witness at his trial. For the defense of Fort Erie in 1814 against a long, heavy British attack, he was brevetted Major-General and given the thanks of Congress. He fought in the Seminole and Creek Wars and was in command of . . . — Map (db m47515) HM|
|Georgia (Echols County), Statenville — 050-1 — Echols County|
|This County, created by Act of the Legislature Dec. 13, 1858, is named for Col. Robert M. Echols, for 24 years a member of the General Assembly. He was a President of the Georgia Senate and a Brigadier General in the Mexican War during which he died. Among the first County Officers were: Sheriff James S. Carter, Ordinary James P.Y. Higdon, Clerk of Superior & Inferior Courts Jesse P. Prescott, Tax Receiver John E. McMullen, Tax collector Samuel E. Prescott, Treasurer James Carter, Surveyor Duncan McLeon and Coroner John Sellers. — Map (db m27038) HM|
|Georgia (Fulton County), Palmetto — 29 I-B — Palmetto|
|Palmetto was named by a member of the Palmetto Guards, a Regiment from South Carolina enroute to the Mexican War. This was in appreciation of the hospitality shown them by the community while encamped here in January, 1847 — Map (db m26267) HM|
|Georgia (Hall County), Gainesville — 069-1 — Lt.-Gen. James Longstreet|
|This was the post-war home of General Longstreet, whom General Lee called his “Old War Horse”.
Born in South Carolina January 8, 1821, Longstreet grew up at Augusta. The family moved to Alabama, and he entered West Point from that state, graduating in 1842. He played a gallant role in the Mexican War, and in 1861 resigned from the United States Army to serve the Southern Confederacy. Under Lee his capable performance of duty caused Longstreet’s rapid promotion to Lieutenant . . . — Map (db m25281) HM|
|Georgia (Lumpkin County), Dahlonega — 093-8 — Dahlonega Mustering Grounds|
|During the War Between the States nine companies were organized on this site; five were mustered here in 1861, two in 1862 and two in 1864. Men from other north Georgia counties came to Dahlonega to be mustered here in the companies of Lumpkin County. Most of these were from White, Dawson and Floyd Counties. The old mustering grounds were the rallying point for troops in the periods of national and state crises. Lumpkin County men met here to join Texans fighting for independence in 1836, to . . . — Map (db m21035) HM|
|Georgia (Marion County), Buena Vista — 098-3 — New Courthouse - 1850|
|Built in 1850 of locally made brick, this is one of two courthouses standing in Marion County. The other built in 1848 is at Tazewell. The first courthouse was at Horry. When the county seat was moved here the town was called Pea Ridge. Wishing a new name the citizens chose Taylor, for Gen. Zach Taylor, but found there was already a Taylor, Ga. Then came news of a Mexican War victory at Buena Vista and this name was chosen. Pea Ridge was one mile from the ancient Indian village of King’s Town . . . — Map (db m27234) HM|
|Georgia (Muscogee County), Columbus — 106-16 — The Columbus Guards — >>>>------->|
|Site, of the last armory of the Columbus Guards, a noted military company chartered by the Georgia Legislature in 1843 and organized in 1835. They served voluntarily in the Indian War, 1836; the War with Mexico, 1846; the War Between the States, the Spanish War, on the Mexican Border in 1916-17, and the first World War after which they became inactive. The Columbus Guards furnished the largest number of volunteers of any of the 21 companies from Muscogee County in the States War. Serving in 31 . . . — Map (db m43951) HM|
|Georgia (Spalding County), Griffin — John McIntosh Kell|
|Near this site was the home of Captain John McIntosh Kell, Executive Officer of the Confederate cruisers Alabama and Sumter. After entering the United States Navy at the age of 17, he served in the Mexican War and in 1853 on Perry’s expedition to Japan. Upon Georgia’s secession from the Union, Kell was the first U.S. Naval officer to offer his services to the South. After the Civil War, at his home here in Sunny Side, Kell entertained his friend, the famous Georgia poet Sidney Lanier, who, . . . — Map (db m53584) HM|
|Georgia (Spalding County), Griffin — 126-15 — The Fannin Avengers|
|In 1846, when President Polk called for volunteers to fight against Mexico, a company of men organized promptly in Griffin. Calling themselves “The Fannin Avengers”, they marched to Columbus where the company became part of a regiment commanded by Colonel Henry R. Jackson of Savannah. The regiment performed gallant service in Mexico. The company was named in honor of Col. James W. Fannin of Twiggs County, a martyr to Texas independence. Tremendously outnumbered, he agreed to . . . — Map (db m27576) HM|
|Georgia (Taliaferro County), Sharon — 131-14 — Grave of Brig. Gen. Aaron W. Grier|
|About 3/4 miles from here, in the Grier family cemetery, is the marked grave of Gen. Aaron Grier, born near here Dec. 2, 1794. When quite young, with Gen. Floyd, he fought the Creek Indians, distinguishing himself at the Battles of Autossee and Chalibbee in Alabama. Promoted rapidly for his military talent, he became a Brig. Gen. in the Indian and later the Mexican Wars. In 1826, his home became that of his orphan nephew, Alexander H. Stephens. He lived to see his nephew and ward become . . . — Map (db m24909) HM|
|Georgia (Taylor County), Butler — 133-4 — Taylor County|
|Taylor County was created by Act of Jan. 15, 1852 from parts of Macon, Marion and Talbot Counties. It was named for Zachary Taylor (1784-1850), 12th President of the U.S., Major-General, Commander of the Army of the Rio Grande. Known as “Old Rough and Ready,” he captured Monterrey, Sept. 24, 1846 and defeated Santa Anna at Buena Vista, Feb. 22-23, 1847.
First officers of Taylor County, commissioned July 24, 1852 were: J.M. Thompson, Sheriff; J.M. McCants, Clerk Sup. Ct.; James . . . — Map (db m27232) HM|
|Illinois (Macon County), Decatur — Lincoln's Decatur Ally|
| Richard J. Oglesby was born in Kentucky, journeyed to Decatur as a young orphan, and later became one of Decatur's most prominentand best-loved citizens. Oglesby made a small fortune in the California Gold Rush and fought in both the Mexican War and Civil War, eventually becoming a General. Elected three times as Governor of Illinois, he also was selected as a United States Senator. In family life Oglesby was a father and stepfather to nine children. After the death of his first . . . — Map (db m56877) HM|
|Illinois (Morgan County), Jacksonville — Whig Rivals and Friends|
| A native of Kentucky, John J. Hardin moved to Jacksonville in 1831 when he was twenty-one. Like other young men of their generation. Hardin and Abraham Lincoln served in the Black Hawk War. Both men were lawyers and Whig politicians who became rivals for leadership of the party. They were fellow members of the Illinois House of Representatives for six years. Hardin may have saved Abraham Lincoln;s life in 1842. Lincoln had published a letter making fun of General James Shields, a . . . — Map (db m57634) HM|
|Indiana (Adams County), Decatur — Adams County Peace Monument - Honor Rolls|
| Left Side
Left - Small Plaque
Pvt - Capt Bell’s Co
1755 - ✝ - 1837
Sgt - Col Bakers MD Regt
1751 - ✝ - 1834
Right - Small Plaque
Capt - Col Smallwoods Regt
Oct 2, 1752 - ✝ - July 3, 1841
War of 1812
Aug 18, 1788 - . . . — Map (db m54763) WM|
|Indiana (Montgomery County), Waynetown — Old Pioneer Cemetery|
|Estab. Dec. 1829, the Cemetery predates Waynetown (then Middletown) which was estab. July 1830. The last burial was in 1908. William Bratton, the only member of the Lewis and Clark Expedition (1804 - 1806) to be buried in Indiana, is buried here. The Cemetery is the final resting place for these veterans:
War of 1812: William E. Bratton - Simeon Osborne - Arthur Hicks - Phillip Moore - Christopher DeVoore.
Mexican War: George A. Bratton - Joseph T. Hendricks - Frederick Zuck - . . . — Map (db m81731) HM|
|Kansas (Barton County), Pawnee Rock — Nehemiah Carson — 1826 - 1846|
Company G 1st Regiment
Missouri Mounted Infantry
Pvt Carson died of some unknown illness
at this point on July 13, 1846
and was buried on the following day — Map (db m64202) WM|
|Kansas (Bourbon County), Fort Scott — "Hardy, Dashing Looking Fellows"|
| "The commands are given, the companies break into column....hardy, dashing looking fellows, those men, tanned up in their march from Fort Scott, from whence they have just joined us....The men are nearly all quite young....They are mounted on the best American horses, all of them being upwards of fifteen hands in height."
Lt. J. Henry Carleton, describing the departure from Fort Leavenworth of the 1844 expedition to Pawnee villages
In front of you stand the reconstructed barracks . . . — Map (db m36137) HM|
|Kansas (Bourbon County), Fort Scott — Infantry Life|
This reconstructed infantry barracks, one of two at Fort Scott, serves to remind us of life for an infantry soldier here in the 1840s and 50s.
During wartime, infantry fought on foot, but during peacetime, life in the infantry meant isolation, routine, boredom, and unappealing work. Tasks of building and maintaining Fort Scott’s structures, and the Military Road, fell largely to the infantry.
But war broke the routine. In 1845 the army dispatched infantry from here to defend Texas. . . . — Map (db m36186) HM|
|Kansas (Ford County), Howell — Santa Fe Trail, 1821 - 1880|
Eighteen Miles a Day
Hundreds of freight wagons laden with trade items once lumbered by here, passing just uphill from where you are standing. Large caravans took six to ten weeks to travel the 900 miles between Mexico (present-day New Mexico) and Missouri - advancing 18 to 21 miles each day. For 60 years the Santa Fe Trail linked the Eastern states and the Southwest together, fostering cooperation and conflict among U.S. citizens, Mexicans, and Plains Indians whose lands the trail . . . — Map (db m65512) HM|
|Kansas (Johnson County), Olathe — Elm Grove Campground|
|For over three decades starting in 1827, Elm Grove Campground, one mile east of near the bridge on Cedar Creek, was an important frontier camp site. Thousands of Santa Fe traders, Oregon and California emigrants, missionaries, mountain men, soldiers and '49ers camped at Elm Grove including such frontier notables as John C Fremont, William Bent, Tom Fitzpatrick, Francis Parkman, and Philip St. George Cooke.
Elm Grove Campground, originally named caravan grove, began in 1827 as a result of the . . . — Map (db m20093) HM|
|Kansas (Johnson County), Olathe — Lone Elm Campground|
| Lone Elm is one of the most historic and important frontier trail camp sites in America and was used as a campground and rendezvous point for all three of our nation's great western roads to the frontier.....the Santa Fe, Oregon, and California Trails.
In the four decades of its use, starting in 1821, thousands of traders bound to and from Santa Fe, '49ers rushing west for gold, Oregon and California emigrants, soldiers, mountain men and missionaries came through and spent time at Lone Elm . . . — Map (db m34334) HM|
|Kansas (Johnson County), Olathe — The Travelers|
| The Travelers
For more than four decades, tens of thousands of travelers camped here. The Lone Elm campground was one or two nights out from the frontier "jumping off" points on the Missouri River. The great lone elm tree that gave this frontier campground its lasting name served as a landmark for this famous rendezvous point along the western trails.
The travelers were diverse. Some would become legendary, some were seeking profit by the freighting trade, some would succumb to . . . — Map (db m34355) HM|
|Kansas (Johnson County), Shawnee — Fort Leavenworth Military Road|
| The Fort Leavenworth Military Road
Created in 1837, this road was originally created to run from Fort Leavenworth south to Fort Gibson in Oklahoma. It was actually part of the route that Congress had designated as the border line of the "permanent Indian Frontier", which ran as far north as Fort Snelling in Minnesota and as far south as Fort Towson in Oklahoma. By 1842 Fort Scott was built, and infantry and dragoon troops moved regularly on this military road between it and Fort . . . — Map (db m50613) HM|
|Kansas (Johnson County), Shawnee — Gum Springs|
| Located today at 59th Terrace and Bluejacket in the city of Shawnee, Gum Springs was the site of the Shawnee Indian church and meeting house, as well as the location of several excellent springs, all near the intersection of the Fort Leavenworth Military Road, the California Road, and at the start of the cutoff road to the Santa Fe, Oregon, and California Trail[s].
It was used as a campsite for travelers on all these routes, but especially by the frontier military during the Mexican War of . . . — Map (db m50693) HM|
|Kansas (Leavenworth County), Fort Leavenworth — Grant|
[Battles listed chronologically]
Palo Alto : Resaca de la Palma : Monterey : Cerro Gordo : Contreras : San Antonio : Cherubusco : Vera Cruz : Molino del Rey : Chapultepec : City of Mexico
Belmont ∙ Fort Henry ∙ Fort Donelson ∙ Shiloh ∙ Iuka ∙ Corinth ∙ Grand Gulf ∙ Port Gibson ∙ Raymond ∙ Jackson Hill ∙ Champions ∙ Big Black ∙ Siege of Vicksburg ∙ Lookout Mt. ∙ Missionary Ridge ∙ Chattanooga . . . — Map (db m81734) HM|
|Kansas (McPherson County), McPherson — The Mormon Battalion at McPherson, Kansas|
On 3 September 1846, the Mormon Battalion camped near here on its way to fight in the war with Mexico. This small army of more than 500 men and officers had been recruited at Council Bluffs, Iowa, from among the Mormon pioneers (members of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints) who were en route to the Rocky Mountains. About one-tenth of the battalion suffered from "ague, billions, and congestive fever" during the march from Council Bluffs, but only the standard army medicines of . . . — Map (db m80663) HM
|Kansas (Morris County), Council Grove — The Mormon Battalion at Council Grove, Kansas|
| The Mormon Battalion camped here for five days beginning 27 August 1846. The battalion's more than 500 volunteers and officers had been recruited from the Mormon pioneers (members of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints) at Council Bluffs, Iowa, to fight in the war with Mexico.
The commanding officer, Colonel James Allen, had died at Ft. Leavenworth because of a lingering illness, and was replaced by Lieutenant Andrew Jackson Smith, who took command here on 30 August. Smith then . . . — Map (db m45056) HM|
|Kansas (Pawnee County), Fort Larned National Historic Site — The Great Wagon Road to the Southwest — Santa Fe Trail 1821-1880|
| It all started over trade that promised great profits. Once Mexico won independence from Spain in 1821 Americans were welcomed and encouraged to trade. Trade quickly flourished, creating opportunities and profits linking the economies of Missouri and Mexico.
The Santa Fe Trade developed into a complex web of international business, bringing together a cultural mosaic of individuals who cooperated - and at times clashed. Caught in the middle was the rich culture of the Plains Indian people. . . . — Map (db m40127) HM|
|Kansas (Sedgwick County), Wichita — French Tricolor — Bicentennial Flag Memorial|
| With the Revolution won and the signing of the Treaty of Paris in 1783, the United States was extended westward to the Mississippi River. To the west of the Mississippi, the French Tricolor waved over French Louisiana until the purchase of that huge territory by the United States in 1803. Spanish and later Mexican Flags also flew over a vast area of the west and southwest.
Only as the result of Treaties with Spain, the establishment of the Republic of Texas, settlements at the conclusion . . . — Map (db m56947) HM|
|Kentucky (Carroll County), Carrollton — General William Orlando Butler — Soldier - Statesman - Lawyer|
| Born in Kentucky
April 19, 1791 - August 6, 1880
Transylvania University 1812
War of 1812 - Aide De Camp to Andrew Jackson
River Raisin - Pensacola - New Orleans
Mexican War - Major General of the Volunteers
Commanded 1st Volunteer Division of the Army of Occupation
Hero of the Battle of Monterey - February 18, 1848
Last Commanding General of the American Army - Mexican War
Democratic Congressman from Kentucky - 1839 - 1843
Democratic Vice-President nominee under . . . — Map (db m22100) HM|
|Kentucky (Carroll County), Carrollton — 634 — Home of Gen. Butler|
|Gen. William O. Butler, born Kentucky 1791, died here, 1880. War of 1812: River Raisin, Pensacola, and New Orleans. Gen. Andrew Jackson's staff 1816-17. Cited for heroism in Mexican War 1846-48. Practiced law here. Congressman 1839-43. Defeated as candidate for Governor 1844, Vice President 1848 and US Senate 1851. A Kentucky Commissioner to Peace Conference in Feb. 1861. — Map (db m22131) HM|
|Kentucky (Fayette County), Lexington — 3 — Morgan House|
|Home of John Hunt Morgan
"Thunderbolt of the Confederacy"
Born Huntsville, Ala. 6-1-1825
Killed Greeneville, Tenn. 9-4-1864
Lieutenant - Kentucky Volunteers in Mexican War 1846-1847 Major General - C.S.A., 1861-1864. — Map (db m29410) HM|
|Louisiana (Orleans Parish), New Orleans — Jefferson Davis|
|Born at Fairview, KY. June 3, 1808
U.S. Army 1828-1835
Served in Black Hawk War
Congressman U.S. 1845-1846
Colonel Mississippi Volunteers in War with Mexico
Rendered Gallant Service in the taking of Monterey and Buena Vista where he was severely wounded
Senator U.S. 1847-1851
Secretary of War U.S. 1853-1857
Senator U.S. 1857-1861
President C.S.A. 1861-1865
Prisoner, Fortress Monroe 1865-1867
Erected by Ladies Confederate Memorial Association
May 17, 1930 — Map (db m51521) HM|
|Louisiana (Orleans Parish), New Orleans — The Washington Artillery Park — American Revolution Bicentennial: 1776-1976|
On and near this site since 1718 has centered the military activities of both regular and citizen soldiers of France, Spain, the Confederacy and the United States. On either side were the redoubts forming the “Great Battery” which crisscrossed its fires with those of Fort San Carlos (Ft. St. Charles) at the foot of Esplanade Ave. and of Fort San Luis (Ft. St. Louis) at the river end of Canal Street. One block down river is the lot used as an artillery park for . . . — Map (db m24684) HM|
|Maine (Cumberland County), Portland — Rear Admiral James Alden|
| Panel 1:
[rendering of Rear Admiral James Alden]
Born in Portland March 31, 1810
Died in San Francisco Feb 6, 1877
Panel 2: [rendering of a mariner's sextant] Intrepid Explorer
Cartographer of the West Coast
of the United States
Panel 3: [rendering of the Seal of the U. S. Navy] Entered the Navy
April 1, 1828
Commissioned Rear Admiral
June 19, 1871
Panel 4: [rendering of sail warships in combat] Mexican War [U.S. . . . — Map (db m72995) HM WM|
|Maryland, Baltimore — Memorial to Marylanders Killed in War with Mexico — "Watson Monument"|
|1846-7-8 Erected by the Maryland Association of Veterans of Mexican War 1903 [tablet 2]
Association of the Veterans of the Mexican War 1846-7-8
Surviving members 1903 Of the Army.
John A. Reese, Samuel C. Love, John A. Love, John Carpenter, Robert Harrington, John J.A. Galloway, John D. Preston, George W. Ball. Of the Navy William H. Jenkins, William Williams, Alexander Wilkinson, Henry W. Tilson, William Taylor, Charles Hill, David M. Merikin, Thomas P. Russell. . . . — Map (db m81626) HM|
|Maryland (Anne Arundel County), Annapolis — El Neptuno|
|Spanish 12-pounder bronze smooth bore
gun named El Neptuno
Captured by the United States Navy from the
Mexicans in California in 1847 — Map (db m29642) HM|
|Maryland (Anne Arundel County), Annapolis — Mexican War Midshipmen's Monument — Mexican War Monument|
|[Southwest side of Monument]:
To passed Midshipmen
H. A. Clemson.
J. R. Hynson
lost with the U. S. Brig Somers
off Vera Cruz
Dec. 8th, 1846
[Northeast side of Monument]:
J. W. Pillsbury.
T. B. Shubrick.
the former drowned off Vera Cruz
July 27th, 1846
the latter killed at the Naval Battery
near Vera Cruz
March 25th, 1847
while in the discharge of their duties. — Map (db m66330) HM|
|Maryland (Anne Arundel County), Annapolis — San Cayetano|
|Spanish 18-pounder bronze smooth bore
gun named San Cayetano
Captured by the United States Navy from the
Mexicans in California in 1847 — Map (db m29646) HM|
|Maryland (Anne Arundel County), Annapolis — Spanish 18-Pounder|
|Spanish 18-pounder bronze smooth bore
gun cast in Lima, Peru, 1769
Captured by the United States Navy from the
Mexicans in California in 1847 — Map (db m29647) HM|
|Maryland (Anne Arundel County), Annapolis — St. Damian|
|Spanish 12-pounder bronze smooth bore
gun named St. Damian
Captured by the United States Navy from the
Mexicans in California in 1847 — Map (db m29641) HM|
|Maryland (Anne Arundel County), Annapolis — St. Joseph|
|Spanish 12-pounder bronze smooth bore
gun named St. Joseph
Captured by the United States Navy from the
Mexicans in California in 1847 — Map (db m29645) HM|
|Maryland (Anne Arundel County), Fort Meade — Chapultepec Avenue|
|Named in honor of the officers and men of the Third Cavalry who captured the Castle of Chapultepec, Mexico, 1847
"Brave Rifles - Veterans" - Winfield Scott, General, U.S. Army
Placed here by the officers and men of the Third Armored Cavalry Regiment, 1955 — Map (db m19646) HM|
|Maryland (Baltimore County), Owings Mills — In Memory of William Maxwell Wood, MD|
|Surgeon General United States Navy, born in Baltimore, Maryland May 21, 1809 and died at Owings Mills, Maryland March 1, 1880. He served his country well.
And in memory of Rosemary Carson, his wife, born in Mercersburg, Pennsylvania November 9, 1828, and died at Owings Mills, Maryland June 22, 1885. She was a dutiful wife and a most loving mother. — Map (db m2071) HM|
|Maryland (Dorchester County), Cambridge — This Bell|
|This bell originally hung in a monastery in Mexico. Brought to America during the Mexican War, 1846. Served as fire alarm in Cambridge until 1883. — Map (db m3970) HM|
|Maryland (Prince George's County), Greenbelt — Toaping Castle — (Circa 1750)|
|On this site Isaac, Charles and Nathan Walker erected a large white oak log house, named for their ancestral stronghold in Scotland which the three brothers had fled after the failure of attempts to unseat George I, King of England as ruler of Scotland. Isaac permanently settled here and obtained land grants for 188 acres. He and his three sons served in the Revolutionary War. The graves of Isaac and his son Nathan are north of here.
Toaping Castle was the birthplace of Samuel Hamilton . . . — Map (db m3621) HM|
|Maryland (St. Mary's County), Charlotte Hall — Rear Admiral Raphael Semmes C.S.N.|
|(1807–1877) Born Charles County. Attended Charlotte Hall Mil. Academy. US Navy – Mexican War. Practiced Law. Commissioned in CSN 1861. Captained CSS Sumter. Later commanded CSS Alabama. Most successful raider with 82 naval victories. 1865 promoted Admiral and commanded James River Squadron. Returned to law practice in Alabama after hostilities. — Map (db m942) HM|
|Maryland (Washington County), Boonsboro — Maj. Gen. Jesse L. Reno|
9th Army Corps.
September 14, 1862.
This monument marks the
spot where Major Gen. Jesse Lee Reno,
commanding 9th Army Corps U.S. Vol’s,
was killed in battle Sept. 14, 1862.
Vera Cruz; Cerro Gordo;
Chapultepec; Roanoke Island;
Camden; Bull Run;
Chantilly and South Mountain.
the survivors of
the 9th Army Corps
to their . . . — Map (db m389) HM|
|Maryland (Washington County), Sharpsburg — Model 1841 6-Pounder Gun|
| Although of Mexican War vintage this smoothbore was still being used by many Confederate batteries at Antietam. — Map (db m67860) HM|
|Maryland (Wicomico County), Salisbury — Gen. John Henry Winder, C.S.A. — 1800-1865|
|Born near Nanticoke, John Henry Winder was successively a graduate and instructor at West Point. A veteran of the Seminole and Mexican wars, Gen. Winder joined the Confederacy in 1861, and eventually directed all Confederate military prisons east of the Mississippi. — Map (db m3858) HM|
|Michigan (Saint Joseph County), Centreville — Centreville Civil War Monument|
In Memory St. Joseph Co. Men
Who Served in Mexico - Company E -
5th. Infantry - Capt. I.D. Toll. — Map (db m74941) WM|
|Mississippi (Monroe County), Nettleton — Camargo 1847|
|2 mi. NW was the flourishing port of Camargo, named by Veterans for their Mexican war camp. The town had a steamboat landing, schools, cemetery, and church. Confederates won a skirmish here, July 14, 1864 — Map (db m50325) HM|
|Missouri (Clay County), Liberty — Alexander W. Doniphan — 1808 - 1887 — Lawyer, Statesman and Military Leader|
While living on this site in the 1830's, Alexander Doniphan championed the Constitutional rights of an oppressed people to ensure their religious freedom. He helped create Caldwell County as a refuge for the Mormons in 1836 and refused to carry out an illegal order by his superior officer to execute Joseph Smith and other Mormon leaders in 1838. Doniphan became highly respected for his leadership and integrity. — Map (db m68243) HM|
|Missouri (Clay County), Liberty — Doniphan – Hubbell House|
|From circa 1830 until 1925 a house stood on this site once occupied by Alexander W. Doniphan. A native Kentuckian, Doniphan practiced law in Clay County for 30 years, defended the Mormons, and founded William Jewell College. During the Mexican War in 1846-47, he commanded the First Regiment Missouri Mounted Volunteers in the longest march ever made by an American military organization. During this expedition, he became known as “The Hero of Sacramento.” The house was occupied at . . . — Map (db m81735) HM|
|Missouri (Clay County), Liberty — General Alexander William Doniphan|
Born in Mason Co. Ky.
July 3, 1808,
and died at Richmond Mo.
Aug. 8, 1887
An orator, jurist, statesman,
soldier and a Christian
Colonel commanding the United
States troops at the battles of
Sacramento and Brazito
in the Mexican War.
A member of the Peace Congress
of 1861 from Missouri.
A lawyer for over fifty years
and a life without reproach. — Map (db m68106) HM WM|
|Missouri (Clay County), Liberty — Liberty|
Early border town, prominent trading and outfitting center, and one of the farthest northwest of U. S. towns to be based on southern culture and economy. Settled about 1820, mainly by southern pioneers, the town became the seat of justice for Clay County, 1822.
Many settlers of northwest Missouri and the far West outfitted here, as did caravans during the '49 Gold Rush. Liberty Landing, 4 miles south, was an important Missouri River port. Nearby is Liberty Bridge.
The . . . — Map (db m81749) HM|
|Missouri (Howard County), New Franklin — Santa Fe Trail|
| Father of the Santa Fe Trail
William Becknell led a small group out of Franklin in 1821 on the first trip along what would be known as the Santa Fe Trail. If his trip across the Great Plains was successful, the group would make money trading manufactured goods for silver and furs. This four-month-long trip netted a profit of 1,500 percent. The next year, Becknell blazed the 800-mile wagon trail to Mexico. His success in opening trade with Santa Fe allowed him to get out of debt and . . . — Map (db m46932) HM|
|Missouri (Jackson County), Kansas City — James Silas Calhoun — 1802 - 1852|
Died on the Santa Fe Trail between
Council Grove, Ks. and Kansas City, Mo.
Member, Georgia State Legislature
Mexican War Veteran
First Territorial Governor of New Mexico — Map (db m63021) HM|
|New Hampshire (Merrimack County), Concord — Franklin Pierce|
|Fourteenth President of the United States Born at Hillsborough New Hampshire November 23, 1804 A lawyer who loved his profession amd was a great leader in it. Member New Hampshire Legislature at 25 and Speaker at 27 Congressman at 29 United States Senator at 32 and resigned at 37 Later in life declined the office of Attorney General of the United States, that of Secretary of War The United States Senatorship and Governorship of his State President of the New Hampshire Constitutional Convention . . . — Map (db m81834) HM|
|New Jersey (Union County), Elizabeth — General Winfield Scott|
|1786 – 1866
Hero of the Mexican War — Map (db m6957) HM|
|New Mexico (Dona Ana County), Anthony — Brazito Battlefield|
|One of the few battles of the Mexican War to be fought in New Mexico occured near here on Christmas Day, 1846. U.S. troops under Colonel Alexander W. Doniphan defeated a Mexican army commanded by General Antonio Ponce de León. Two days later, Doniphan entered El Paso without opposition. — Map (db m6552) HM|
|New Mexico (Dona Ana County), Las Cruces — Las Cruces on the Camino Real — Population 74,267 -- Elevation 3,909|
|In 1849, following the Mexican War, fields were first broken in Las Cruces. The town became a flourishing stop on the Camino Real, deriving its name, "The Crosses", from the marking of graves of victims of an Apache attack. Las Cruces since 1881 has been the county seat of Doña Ana County. — Map (db m60679) HM|
|New Mexico (Dona Ana County), Mesilla — Head Quarters, Dept. of New Mexico — Fort Fillmore, Nov. 15th, 1854|
|I. The laws of the United States having been extended by proclamation over the Mesilla Valley and the territory recently acquired from the Republic of Mexico, the undersigned as military Commander of the same directs that Lt. Colonel Miles 3rd Infantry proceed to the town of Mesilla, with a part of the garrison of Fort Fillmore, and there hoist the National Flag at noon on this day.
II. The Flag will be honored with a Federal Salute.
III. For the information of all concerned it is hereby . . . — Map (db m6991) HM|
|New Mexico (Dona Ana County), Mesilla — La Mesilla|
|After the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo, which concluded the Mexican War in 1848, the Mexican government commissioned Cura Ramón Ortiz to settle Mesilla. He brought families from New Mexico and from Paso del Norte (modern Ciúdad Juárez) to populate the Mesilla Civil Colony Grant, which by 1850 had over 800 inhabitants. — Map (db m6986) HM|
|New Mexico (Dona Ana County), Mesilla — The Gadsden Purchase Celebration|
|The Gadsden Purchase celebration held at Mesilla New Mexico in 1854.
By A. J. Fountain Sr. — Map (db m6992) HM|
|New Mexico (Dona Ana County), Valdo — Paraje de los Brazitos|
|Here the Camino Real between Santa Fe and El Paso passed along the eastern bank of the Rio Grande near a brazito, or small branch of the river that created a small island. At this paraje, or stopping place, American troops defeated a Mexican Army force on Christmas Day, 1846, in what was the only pitched battle of the Mexican War fought in present-day New Mexico. — Map (db m38148) HM|
|New Mexico (Hidalgo County), Animas — 7 — History of Trek Through Mountains — U.S. Mormon Battalion Trail — Historical Landmark No. 7|
|On November 28, 1846 the Mormon Battalion of the U. S. Army West crossed these mountains near this summit enroute to California during the Mexican War. Col. Cooke had dispatched scouts ahead to find the best route. An Indian guide, Charbonneau, while scouting ahead was attacked by three grizzly bears. He killed one bear which provided meat for the troops.
Lt. Stoneman with 21 men could not find a suitable route down the mountain. They began cutting a road but the task was to laborious and . . . — Map (db m81689) HM|
|New Mexico (Luna County), Deming — First Road to Southern California|
|Here crossed the first road to Southern California opened for wagons by Capt. Cooke, who passed here in command of the Mormon Battalion, Nov. 1846 – later it became the California Emigrant Road – from 1858-1861, the route of the Butterfield Overland Mail, St. Louis to San Francisco, the longest land mail route ever attempted- — Map (db m38302) HM|
|New Mexico (Sandoval County), Santo Domingo Pueblo — The Mormon Battalion|
|The Mormon Battalion
Council Bluffs, July 16, 1846
Fort Leavenworth, Aug. 2, 1846
Santa Fe, Oct. 9, 1846
San Diego, Jan 29, 1847
Erected June 16, 1940
[ Map of Mormon Battalion Route ]
The Mormon Battalion, composed of 500 men mustered into the service of the United States in the war with Mexico was called to the colors as the Mormon pioneers were beginning their historic trek to the Rocky Mountains at the conclusion of the 2,000 mile march from Council Bluffs . . . — Map (db m32984) HM|
|New Mexico (Santa Fe County), Santa Fe — 10 — 1848 — Commemorative Walkway Park|
|In May of 1848, U.S. President James K. Polk ordered the invasion of Mexico by U.S. troops, thus begining the Mexican War. Three months later, General Stephen Watts Kearney led a victorious U.S. Army unopposed across northern New Mexico and into Santa Fe. Kearney’s conquest was formalized by the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo, under which the U.S. paid Mexico 15 million dollars for New Mexico, Arizona and California. New Mexico became a territory of the U.S. in 1850. — Map (db m76263) HM|
|New Mexico (Santa Fe County), Santa Fe — Cañoncito at Apache Canyon|
|Strategically located where the Santa Fe Trail emerges from Glorieta Pass, Cañoncito is where the New Mexico Governor Manuel Armijo weakly defended New Mexico against the American Army in 1846. In 1862, Union forces destroyed a Confederate supply train contributing to the Confederate loss at the battle of Glorieta, six miles to the east. — Map (db m24315) HM|
|New Mexico (Sierra County), Hillsboro — Mormon Battalion Historical Marker|
|"History may be searched in vain for an equal march of infantry"
Lt. Col. Cooke
The Mormon Battalion, of some 500 men marched through this area during November of 1846. The march covered over 2000 miles from Council Bluffs, Iowa to San Diego, California. — Map (db m38297) HM|
|New York (New York County), New York — General Worth Square — .076 acre|
| This small square marks the grave of General William Jenkins Worth (1794-1849). Born to Quaker parents in Hudson, New York, Worth worked briefly at a store in Hudson before moving to Albany to pursue a mercantile career. With the outbreak of the War of 1812 (1812-1815), he broke with his family’s pacifist beliefs and enlisted in the Army. He distinguished himself as an aide-de-camp to Generals Morgan Lewis and Winfield “Old Fuss and Feathers” Scott. Worth was promoted for . . . — Map (db m41281) HM|
|New York (New York County), New York — Major General William Jenkins Worth — 1794 – 1849|
|William J. Worth, born in Hudson, New York Began his military career in the War of 1812 and from 1820 to 1828 was Commandant of Cadets at West Point. In the Mexican-American War, he distinguished himself in battles inscribed on this monument. Brevetted a Major General in 1846, he was awarded a congressional sword of honor in 1847. Worth was Army Commander of the Department of Texas when cholera took his life in 1849. Named in his honor are Fort Worth, Texas, Lake Worth, Florida and Worth Street . . . — Map (db m41251) HM|
|New York (New York County), New York — Purchase of Governors Island Monument — 16 June 1637|
|To commorate the purchase three hundred years ago of Governors Island by Wouter van Twiller, Director General of New Netherlands, from Cakapeteyno and Pehiwas of the Manahatas Tribe.
Birthplace of American Military Tactics which won for England a great dominion. Sole safeguard of Washington's retirement from Long Island in 1776, early guardian of New York City. Mobilization point in the Mexican, Civil and Spanish-American Wars. Supply base during the World War.
Honorably Acquired - . . . — Map (db m21158) HM|
|New York (Orange County), West Point — Battle of Mexico City|
|MEXICO 13 – 14 Sep 1847 — Map (db m52592) HM|
|New York (Orange County), West Point — Battle of Palo Alto|
|Palo Alto 8 May 1846 — Map (db m59167) HM|
|New York (Orange County), West Point — Battle of Resaca De La Palma|
|Resaca De La Palma 9 May 1846 — Map (db m81738) HM|
|New York (Orange County), West Point — Battle of Vera Cruz|
|Vera Cruz 1847 — Map (db m59158) HM|
|New York (Orange County), West Point — Thomas Hall|
|Dedicated to the memory of George Henry Thomas 1816 – 1870 Class of 1840, USMA Florida Indian War Mexican War Civil War Major General, USA Instructor in artillery and cavalry, USMA, 1851 – 1854 “Rock of Chickamauga” — Map (db m50146) HM|
|New York (Orange County), West Point — Wars That Shaped the Nation — The Mexican War|
| The Mexican War increased the nation’s size by over 20 percent and continued the rapid territorial expansion of the United States. In 1846, after a number of incidents along the border between Texas and Mexico, the United States declared war against Mexico and rapidly raised an army of volunteers serving under professional officers. An army under Zachary Taylor advanced into Mexico from Texas in 1846. In 1847, General Winfield Scott began the decisive campaign. After landing at Veracruz, Scott . . . — Map (db m22277) HM|
|New York (Orange County), West Point — Welcome To Trophy Point|
|The cannon on this historic site are trophies of war. They were captured or surrendered in American conflicts through more than two hundred years. The first trophies to come to West Point were guns captured in 1777 during the Battles of Saratoga. At the end of the American Revolution, West Point maintained over 160 cannon for the fledgling United States Army. Even before the founding of the United States Military Academy in 1802, West Point had taken on the additional role of educating . . . — Map (db m20003) HM|
|New York (Orange County), West Point — Welcome to Trophy Point|
| The cannon on this historic site are trophies of war. They were captured or surrendered in American conflicts through more than two hundred years. The first trophies to come to West Point were guns captured in 1777 during the Battles of Saratoga. At the end of the American Revolution, West Point maintained over 160 cannon for the fledgling United States Army. Even before the founding of the United States Military Academy in 1802, West Point had taken on the additional role of educating . . . — Map (db m54930) HM|
|New York (Orange County), West Point — Winfield Scott|
|Born Dinwiddie Co. Va. June 13, 1786 Died West Point, N.Y. May 29, 1866 --------------- History records his Eminent Services as a Warrior, Pacificator and General In Chief of the Armies of the United States. Medals and an Equestrian Statue ordered by Congress in the Capital of his Country, are his Public Monuments. This stone is a mark of the love and veneration of his Daughters. --------------- Requiescat in Pace --------------- — Map (db m37169) HM|
|New York (Rensselaer County), Troy — Major General John Ellis Wool|
|This stone is erected to Major General John Ellis Wool. The gallant soldier, the able commander, and the patriotic citizen. Distinguished in many battles; and to Sarah Moulton, his excellent and worthy consort. ---------- Queenstown, October 13, 1813. Plattsburgh, September 11, 1814. Buena Vista, February 22 and 23, 1847. Norfolk, May 10, 1862. John Ellis Wool. Born February 29, 1784. Died November 10, 1863. ---------- Sarah Moulton. his wife Born July 4, 1787. Died May 7, 1873. . . . — Map (db m81739) HM|
|New York (Westchester County), Sleepy Hollow — Cold Spring|
|Erected in memory of Gen. John C. Freemont “The Pathfinder” a former resident of Sleepy Hollow. — Map (db m34678) HM|
|North Carolina (Cumberland County), Fort Bragg — Braxton Bragg — Camp Bragg, N.C.|
|In honor of
Lieutenant Colonel, USA
Born: Warrenton N.C.
22 March 1817
Died: Galveston, Texas
27 September 1876
War Department General Order No. 77, 21 August 1918, established Camp Bragg, N.C. in honor of “Capt. Braxton Bragg, who, while commanding Battery C, Third Field Artillery, rendered signal service at the battle of Buena Vista, Mexico.”
Thus, Fort Bragg bears the name of a brave, resourceful, fighting man...A soldier . . . — Map (db m62493) HM WM|
|North Carolina (New Hanover County), Wilmington — D 42 — William W. Loring|
|Major general in the Confederate Army, lieut. colonel in Mexican War, general in Egyptian Army, 1870-79. His birthplace was 1 bl. W. — Map (db m28624) HM|
|Ohio (Ashland County), Sullivan — Sullivan Veterans Monument|
In memory of our dead heroes of Sullivan Township.
W.R.C. — Map (db m38955) WM|
|Ohio (Belmont County), Martins Ferry — 3-7 — Walnut Grove Cemetery|
| Side A:
The Walnut Grove Cemetery is the burial place of members of the Zane and Martin families. Their graves lie within the brick enclosure. The cemetery is also the resting-place of many early Martins Ferry residents, including veterans of the Revolutionary War, the War of 1812, the Mexican War, and the Civil War. The Zane and Martin families were significant in the pioneer history of the region. Betty Zane's legendary heroism at Fort Henry (now Wheeling, West Virginia) helped . . . — Map (db m28444) HM|
|Ohio (Franklin County), Columbus — Forest Lawn Veterans Memorial|
|Dedicated November 11, 2006 to the men and women of Franklin County Ohio that served our country bravely and honorably so our freedoms endure.
The sacrifices of few ensured the freedom of many. A grateful community remembers those who served in the Armed Forces of the United States during times of war and peace, whose courage and personal sacrifices defended and preserved our freedom.
Medal of Honor Recipients for Franklin County
David Cockley Army
Oliver Colwell . . . — Map (db m13487) WM|
|Ohio (Franklin County), Columbus — Franklin County Soldiers of the Mexican War|
|Honoring the Memory of Franklin County Soldiers of the Mexican War 1846 - 1848 On this day, October 2, 1954, this tablet is placed in memory of those soldiers from Franklin County, Ohio who served their country with great courage and devotion during the Mexican War 1846-1848. In this grove, now Schiller Park, on July 27, 1848, a grateful people assembled to express their profound appreciation to their brave sons who gave so much in their devotion to duty. May their heroic deeds . . . — Map (db m13106) HM|
|Ohio (Franklin County), Worthington — 81-25 — Brigadier General Roswell Sabin Ripley, CSA|
|Roswell S. Ripley was born in Worthington on March 14, 1823 and graduated from the United States Military Academy in 1843. Serving with the U.S. Artillery from 1846 to 1848 during the Mexican-American War, Ripley was promoted twice for “Gallant and Meritorious Conduct.” In 1853, while stationed in South Carolina, Ripley resigned his commission in the U.S. Army, and after secession volunteered his services to the Confederacy. On April 12, 1861, Ripley’s artillery at Fort Moultrie . . . — Map (db m2050) HM|
|Ohio (Gallia County), Gallipolis — 4-27 — Hon. Samuel Finley Vinton — (1792 - 1862)|
| A native of South Hadley, Massachusetts, he came to Gallipolis ca. 1818. An eminent lawyer and member of U.S. Congress 22 years, he was chairman of the House Ways and Means Committee during the Mexican War, founding father of the U.S. Department of the Interior, honored in his own time by the naming of Vinton County in 1850. Buried Pine Street Cemetery. — Map (db m30494) HM|
|Ohio (Licking County), Newark — Congressional Medal of Honor Recipients — State of Ohio, Licking County|
|United States of America
Congressional Medal of Honor Recipients
State of Ohio, Licking County
Hanna, Milton Sergeant Tennessee 1863
Inscho, Leonidas H. 1st Lt Maryland 1862
Morey, Delano Private Virginia 1862
Shellenberger, John Corporal Virginia 1864
Wilson, Milden H. Ordnance Sgt. Montana 1877
Beasley, Harry . . . — Map (db m12876) HM|
|Ohio (Madison County), London — Madison County Veterans’ War Memorial|
| White stone marker:
This memorial dedicated in memory of all those of Madison County who served our nation in time of war
World War I
Apr. 6, 1917 Nov. 11, 1918
World War II
Dec. 7, 1941 Dec. 31, 1946
June 27, 1950 Jan. 31, 1955
Aug. 5, 1964 May 7, 1975
Outside granite panel (left):
Mexican-American War / 1846-1848
Civil War / 1861-1865
Acton, . . . — Map (db m40194) HM|
|Ohio (Miami County), Piqua — Vice Admiral Stephen Clegg Rowan|
|(Left):Erected in honor of Vice Admiral Stephen Clegg Rowan U.S. Navy. Born in Ireland Dec. 25th 1808 Died in Washington, D.C. Mar. 31st 1890. Received Special Vote of Thanks of Congress for Distinguished Services Feb. 7th 1863. (Right):Vice Admiral S. C. Rowan, U.S. NavyAppointed Midshipman, Feb. 1st 1826 while a resident of Piqua. Participated in the Seminole War and in the Mexican War on the Pacific Coast at Monterrey, San Diego and Los Angeles. In the Civil War at Acquia . . . — Map (db m19195) HM|
|Ohio (Montgomery County), Centerville — Centerville Veterans Memorial|
honor of those
in war and peace
to protect the
American Revolution 1776-1783
War of 1812 1812-1814
Mexican War 1846-1848
Civil War 1861-1865
Spanish-American War 1898
World War I 1917-1918
World War II 1941-1945
Persian Gulf War 1991 — Map (db m26217) WM|
|Ohio (Pickaway County), Circleville — High Street Cemetery War Memorial|
to honor the many brave soldiers
who served our country in time of
war and rest here in eternal peace.
To those that made the supreme
sacrifice whereby we can enjoy
freedom in our great country.
Revolutionary War 1775-1783
War of 1812 1812-1815
Mexican War 1843-1846
Civil War 1861-1865
Spanish-American War 1898-1905 — Map (db m14271) HM|
|Ohio (Richland County), Mansfield — Richland County War Memorial|
|Dedicated to the men and women of Richland County who served our country in time of war, and in memory of those who lost their lives. Presented to the Citizens of Richland County as a Bicentennial Event Lest We Forget America's Wars
War of 1812
World War I
World War II
Vietnam Era. — Map (db m20866) WM|
|Oklahoma (Bryan County), Durant — 183 — Fort Washita|
|Site selected and named 1842, by Gen. Zachary Taylor, later Pres. of U.S. Fort established 1842 by 2nd Dragoons, occupied by several rifle, infantry, cavalry, and artillery companies. Built to protect the Chickasaw and Choctaw Indians from the Plains Indians and wagon trains moving west. With the Mexican War and after gold was discovered in California, Fort Washita became a center of activity. Occupied during the Civil War by Confederate forces. Not occupied at any time thereafter by U.S. troops. — Map (db m81743) HM|
|Oklahoma (Cimarron County), Boise City — The Mormon Battalion in the Oklahoma Panhandle|
|From September 23 through 27, 1846, the Mormon Battalion crossed the northwestern portion of the Oklahoma panhandle. The little army's 500-plus volunteers, recruited for the Mexican War, were enlisted near Council Bluffs, Iowa, from among the first company of Mormon pioneers, who were then enroute to the Rocky Mountains.
The Battalion's 2,000 mile journey from Ft. Leavenworth, Kansas, to San Diego, California, then the longest march by infantry in U.S. military history, traversed for a . . . — Map (db m55260) HM|
|Pennsylvania (Adams County), Gettysburg — Brigadier General John Gibbon|
|(Front):John Gibbon Brigadier General July 2-3, 1863 At Gettysburg commanded 2nd Division, II Corps on July 3, 1863 serving with "conspicuous gallantry and distinction" in the repulse of Longstreet's Assault, until he was wounded and carried from the battlefield. At the beginning of the Civil War, John Gibbon was a captain in the 4th Artillery serving in the Utah Territory. Assigned as Chief of Artillery in McDowell's Division, he participated in the advance on Fredericksburg during the . . . — Map (db m16363) HM|
|Pennsylvania (Adams County), Gettysburg — John White Geary|
|Captain 2d Pennsylvania Infantry December 21 1846. Lieut. Colonel January 7 1847. Colonel November 3 1847. Honorably mustered out July 21 1848. Colonel 28th Pennsylvania Infantry June 28 1861. Discharged for promotion May 11 1862 Brig. General U.S. Volunteers April 25 1862. Honorably mustered out January 15 1866. Brevetted Major General U.S. Volunteers January 12 1865 "For fitness to command and promptness to execute." Born December 30 1819 at Mt. Pleasant Pa. Died February 8 1873 at Harrisburg Pa. — Map (db m13846) HM|
|Pennsylvania (Carbon County), Jim Thorpe — The Soldiers and Sailors Monument — Mauch Chunk World War II Honor Roll|
To all the Brave Defenders of the Union from the County of Carbon.
Wilderness, Hampton Roads, Antietam, Gettysburg
New Orleans, 1815.
On fame's eternal camping ground their silent tents were spread, and glory guards with solemn round the bivouac of the dead.
Erected under the Auspices of Chapman Post No. 61, G.A.R., 1886Yorktown, 1781. . . . — Map (db m32102) WM|
|Pennsylvania (Chester County), Malvern — “Remember Paoli!”|
|During the early 1800’s the cry “Remember Paoli!” stirred the hearts of listeners with personal memories of the harsh realities of war and lost loved ones. There was still an abiding desire to gather together on the anniversary of that memorable battle. The Paoli Grounds became the sacred gathering place to remember. The Grounds also hosted three day encampments to train and drill troops should they be called to battle. In the 1840’s in preparation for the Mexican War, there was a . . . — Map (db m13661) HM|
|Pennsylvania (Chester County), West Chester — Columbus Penn Evans — (1824 - 1854)|
Columbus P. Evans
A Citizen of Delaware
Born in Pennsylvania
September 6th 1824
Died at West Chester
February 19, 1854
Editor of the
1843 – 1854
Mayor of the
City of Wilmington
His Adopted State
His Gallant and
in the War with Mexico
February 20, 1849
Departed Worth is erected
by Affectionate Brothers and Sisters,
. . . — Map (db m81744) HM|
|Pennsylvania (Cumberland County), New Cumberland — John W. Geary — (1819 - 1873)|
|Two-term Governor of Pennsylvania, 1867-73. Major General in Civil War. Colonel, 2nd Pa. Regiment in Mexican War. Governor, Kansas Territory, First postmaster & first mayor of San Francisco. His home was a block east at 308 Market Street. — Map (db m26949) HM|
|Pennsylvania (Dauphin County), Harrisburg — Capitol Park|
|The deliberations during the first decade of the 19th Century through which Harrisburg prevailed in achieving State Capital status were in part spawned by the donation by John Harris, Jr., in 1785, of four acres of the oldest portion of Capitol Park to the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania when the plan for Harrisburg was laid out that year. Topographically, Capitol Park is still reminiscent of its early days as a knoll which at that time rose from the wheat fields and swampland of the Susquehanna . . . — Map (db m6696) HM|
|Pennsylvania (Dauphin County), Harrisburg — Mexican War Monument|
|Erected by the State of Pennsylvania 1868. Commemorative of her citizens who lost their lives during the War with Mexico in 1846, 47 & 48. — Map (db m81622) HM|
|Pennsylvania (Franklin County), Chambersburg — Mexican War – Spanish American War – World War — Soldiers of Franklin County|
|Mexican War 1846-1848 --------------- 4 officers and 122 men – Co. B, 11th U.S. Regular Infantry. Approximately 325 men enlisted in the U.S. Army from Franklin County. --------------- Spanish American War 1898-1899 --------------- Co. C, 8th Regt., Penna. Volunteer Infantry. There were enrolled in this war 112 officers and men. --------------- World War 1917-1919 --------------- In this war Franklin County sent into the Armies of the United States to fill her . . . — Map (db m45168) HM|
|Pennsylvania (Franklin County), Saint Thomas — St. Thomas Commemorates|
|1734. License July 31, to Charles Campbell, 200 acres. No survey. At the head of a spring which runs thro John MacFarlans tract. 1734. License July 31, to James Campbell, 200 acres. No survey. joining to his brother Charles Campbell. 1738. Election William Campbell, son of Charles, Trustee of Upper West Conococheague Church. Church Hill the Pioneer Church for St. Thomas Community. 1749. Warrant to Michael Campbell, son of Charles, for 300 acres, part of this land his son Thomas Campbell laid . . . — Map (db m8056) HM|
|Pennsylvania (Lancaster County), Manheim — Heintzelman House|
|Birthplace of Maj. Gen. Samuel P. Heintzelman, September 30, 1805. A veteran of the Mexican War and the Civil War, he died May 1, 1880, at Washington, D.C., and was buried at Buffalo, N.Y. — Map (db m12457) HM|
|Pennsylvania (Mifflin County), Lewistown — McCoy Home|
| The birthplace of Major General Frank R. McCoy, 1874-1954, graduate of West Point, who took part in Spanish-American War, World Wars I & II. He was also President of the Foreign Policy Association.
(Memorial Plaque on Building):
Thomas Franklin McCoy
1819 - 1899
[Breveted?] Captain in the Mexican War,
Brigadier General, Civil War
Birthplace of . . . — Map (db m24270) HM|
|Pennsylvania (Westmoreland County), Mount Pleasant — Mount Pleasant War Memorial|
| Erected to
the memory of
our gallant sons
endured the hardships
fought our nations
Dedicated Nov. 11, 1924
1775-1783 Revolutionary War •
1812 War of 1812
1846-1848 Mexican American War •
1861-1865 Civil War
1898-1899 Spanish-American War •
1917-1918 World War I
1941-1945 World War II •
1950-1955 Korean War
1961-1975 Vietnam War •
1989-1990 Panama •
1990- Persian Gulf — Map (db m22355) WM|
|South Carolina (Abbeville County), Abbeville — 1-11 — McGowan-Barksdale-Bundy House|
This 1888 Queen Anne house was the home of Gen. Samuel McGowan (1819-1897) until his death. McGowan, a lawyer, Confederate general, and jurist born in Laurens Co., had moved to Abbeville in 1841. He was an officer during the Mexican War and in the S.C. militia after it. During the Civil War he commanded the 14th S.C. Infantry 1862-63 and commanded a S.C. brigade in the Army of Northern Virginia 1863-65.
After 1865 McGowan bought a house on this lot. . . . — Map (db m21732) HM|
|South Carolina (Aiken County), North Augusta — Mexican War Tribute|
| Mexican War
1846 — 1848
Dedicated to the brave men of
South Carolina who along with
other Patriots willingly
served that the Nation might
expand its western horizons.
Of these men who willingly
volunteered to fight a war in
a distant land at a time
when travel was primitive
and hazardous, it has truly
been said, "the cowards never
started and the weaklings
never got there." — Map (db m30980) WM|
|South Carolina (Charleston County), North Charleston — Brig. Gen. R. S. Ripley|
| “Rich in red honors, that upon him lie as lightly as the summer dews fall where he won his fame beneath the sky of tropic Vera Cruz” In memory of Brig.-Gen. R. S. Ripley, C.S.A. Born at Worthington, Ohio, 14th March 1823. Graduated at West Point 1843 Died 29th March 1887 ( Left Side : ) 1846-48 Monterey Vera Cruz Cero Gordo Contreras Churubusco Chapultepec City of Mexico ( Right Side : ) 1861-65 Defence of Charleston Harbor Seven Pines Malvern Hill . . . — Map (db m81835) HM|
|South Carolina (Darlington County), Darlington — 16-43 — Henry "Dad" Brown|
|[Front] Henry "Dad" Brown (1830-1907), a black veteran of the Mexican, Civil, and Spanish-American Wars, is buried 75' N with his wife Laura. Variously said to have been born free or born as a slave who purchased his and Laura's freedom, he was born near Camden. Brown, a brickmason, joined the Confederate army in May 1861 as a drummer in the "Darlington Grays," Co. F, 8th S.C. Infantry.
[Reverse] Brown enlisted as a drummer in Co. H, 21st S.C. Infantry in July 1861 and . . . — Map (db m38106) HM|
|South Carolina (Edgefield County), Edgefield — Milledge Luke Bonham — December 25, 1813 - August 27, 1890 — Governor 1862-1864|
|Bonham was a Colonel in the Palmetto Regiment in the Mexican war, a brigadier general during the War Between the States and served in the C.S.A. Congress prior to being elected Governor. He was the second consecutive Governor from Edgefield during the War. — Map (db m12909) HM|
|South Carolina (Edgefield County), Edgefield — Pierce Mason Butler — April 11, 1798 - August 20, 1847 — Governor 1836-1838|
|A member of the famous Butler families of the Edgefield District, Butler promoted education & the building of railroads during his term as Governor. He commanded the Palmetto Regiment during the war with Mexico where he was fatally wounded. — Map (db m81697) HM|
|South Carolina (Edgefield County), North Augusta — 19-11 — Lt. General James Longstreet (1821-1904)|
|Born 1 mi. E. Cmdr. 1st Corps, Army of Northern VA Confederate States Army; Lee's "Old Warhorse"; West Point graduate; Mexican War veteran. — Map (db m81747) HM|
|South Carolina (Kershaw County), Camden — James Polk Dickinson|
In memory of James Polk Dickinson, a native of Camden born January 21st 1816. And died at Mixchoac Mexico Sept 12th 1847 Fearless of danger and undaunted by opposition he was an early active and zealous champion in the Floridian and Mexican Wars We consecrate this shaft to the heartfelt spirit of patriotism May the light of fame forever rest upon its summit
Patria et civitas testantur in honore vestro neg tila nec vices belli ullas vitavisse.
When the . . . — Map (db m49273) HM|
|South Carolina (Richland County), Columbia — 40-99 — Gladden Home Site|
|States-rights advocate Adley Hogan Gladden, who lived here before the Civil War, served Columbia as postmaster 1841-45 and was later bursar of S. C. College, captain of the Governor's Guard, and intendant of Columbia 1851-52. In 1847 he assumed command of the Palmetto Regiment during the Mexican War and later rose to the rank of brigadier general during the Civil War. Gladden was killed in Tennessee at the Battle of Shiloh, 1862. — Map (db m30298) HM|
|South Carolina (Richland County), Columbia — Palmetto Regiment|
| [East Face]
South Carolina To her sons of the Palmetto Regiment Who fell in the War with Mexico Anno Domini 1847.
Colonel Pierce Mason Butler.
Lieut. Col. James Polk Dickinson.
Capt. Le Roy Secrest.
First Lieut. James R. Clark.
--“----------“— J.B. Moragne.
--“----------“— David Adams.
Second Lieut. J.W. Stewart.
--“----------“— Jas. W. Cantey Jr.
--“----------“— Abram . . . — Map (db m81693) HM|
|South Carolina (Saluda County), Saluda — 41-6 — Butler Family Graves|
At Butler Church, about one mile west, is the burial plot of the Butler family. Among the graves are those of William Butler, Captain in the American Revolution, United States Congressman, and Major General of S.C. Militia; Andrew Pickens Butler, United States Senator; Pierce M. Butler, Governor of South Carolina, who was killed in the Mexican War. — Map (db m81696) HM|
|South Carolina (Saluda County), Saluda — Flat Grove — The Bonham House|
|Flat Grove was built in the 1770's by Jacob Smith of hand-hewn, heart-pine logs covered with clapboard. Alamo hero James Butler Bonham, son of James and Sophia Smith Bonham and grandson of Jacob Smith, was born in 1807 in the house, which is today the only extant birthplace of an Alamo hero.
The two-story, four-room structure was originally a dogtrot house with an open hall, which was later closed in when two rooms were added downstairs. Originally the kitchen was separate from the house . . . — Map (db m41597) HM|
|South Carolina (Saluda County), Saluda — 41-1 — Pierce M. Butler / The Palmetto Regiment|
|Pierce M. Butler
Six miles NE, in a family cemetery at Butler Church, is the grave of Colonel Pierce M. Butler, governor of South Carolina from 1836-1838. During his military career, he was a captain in the U.S. Army, a Lt. Colonel in the Seminole War, and was a Commander of the Palmetto Regiment in the Mexican War, when he was killed in battle on August 20, 1847.
The Palmetto Regiment
The S.C. Volunteer Regiment in the Mexican War entered service in Dec. 1846 and was part of . . . — Map (db m81695) HM|
|South Carolina (Saluda County), Saluda — Travis / Bonham Memorial|
Colonel William Barrett Travis
Born near Saluda, S.C. August 9, 1809.
Gave his life for liberty and freedom
at the Alamo March 6, 1836.
His last message for reinforcements ended thus:
"I have held this place against overwhelming numbers and will continue to hold it or perish in its defence."
Colonel James Bonham
Native of Saluda County
Born near here Feb. 20, 1807
Died with Travis in Defence of the Alamo.
Travis and Bonham were . . . — Map (db m13112) HM|
|South Carolina (Saluda County), Saluda — William Barret Travis — Lt. Col., Comdt.|
| [Column Inscription]
Commandancy of the Alamo -
Bexar, Feby. 24th, 1836-
To the people of Texas & all Americans in the world.
Fellow Citizens & Compatriots -
I am besieged, by a thousand or more of the Mexicans under Santa Anna -- I have sustained a continual bombardment & cannonade for 24 hours and have not lost a man -- the enemy has demanded a surrender at discretion, otherwise, the garrison are to be put to the sword, if the fort is taken. I have answered the . . . — Map (db m41487) HM|
|Tennessee (Bedford County), Shelbyville — 3G 28 — Henry Brevard Davidson — Jan. 28, 1831 - March 4, 1898|
|Born in a house which stood here. Enlisted in the 1st Tenn. Volunteers for the Mexican War; on graduation from US Military Academy in 1853, commissioned in Dragoons. Resigning for the Confederacy and rapidly promoted to colonel, he was captured at Island No. 10; promoted on exchange and given a brigade in Wheeler's Cavalry Corp. Surrendering at Greensboro, N.C., he moved to California, where he was once a deputy Secretary of State. He is buried in Oakland, CA. — Map (db m25050) HM|
|Tennessee (Hardin County), Shiloh — Death of General Johnston|
|On the afternoon of the first day of fighting, Confederate forces under Gen. Albert Sidney Johnston sought to envelop Grant's left wing and seize Pittsburg Landing. While leading his men against Union forces barring his way, Gen. Johnston was fatally wounded here. Johnston, who had been slightly wounded earlier, was struck just below the right knee by a stray minie ball. The bullet tore open an artery, causing severe bleeding. Tennessee Governor Isham G. Harris, a volunteer aide, discovered . . . — Map (db m81842) HM|
|Tennessee (Lawrence County), Lawrenceburg — Mexican War Monument|
to the memory of
Capt. W.B. Allen • J.R. Burkett • W.M. Alford • F. Glover • W. Rhodes • A.J. Pratt • A.J. Gibson • A.J. Eaton • Lt. L.M. Putman • J.H. Sanders • J.A. Hill •
S.B. Porter • E.W. Thomas • J.F Coffee • R.D. Willis • J.H. Turner • B.H. Dalton • J.H. Johnson • P.H. Martin • J.H Elliott • B. Soaper • E. Prior • J.H. Allison •
H. Collins • W.H. Robinson • J.M.L. Campbell
of the 1st Regiment
who fell on the 21st Sept . . . — Map (db m53600) HM|
|Tennessee (McNairy County), Finger — 4C 24 — Mark Perrin Lowrey — Dec. 30, 1828 - Feb. 27, 1885|
|Born 4.3 mi. east, he moved to Mississippi in 1845. Enlisted in 2nd Mississippi Volunteers for Mexican War. In 1861, initially commanding the 4th Mississippi Militia, he became colonel, 32nd Mississippi Infantry, CSA, in 1862 and a brigadier general in 1863. His brigade was part of Cleburne's Division, Army of Tennessee. Resigned commission March 14, 1865. Founded Blue Mountain Female Institute in 1873 and was president until his death at Middleton, Tenn. He is buried in Blue Mountain, Miss. — Map (db m66519) HM|
|Tennessee (Monroe County), Madisonville — 1F 23 — John Crawford Vaughan — Feb. 21, 1824 - Sept. 10, 1875|
|Born in a house which stood here. Captain in the 5th Tenn. Inf., Mexican War; organizer and first commander of the 3rd Tenn. Inf., CSA, whose first action was the first Battle of Manassas. Promoted brigadier general, he was captured at Vicksburg July 4, 1863; on exchange commanded the cavalry brigade which in 1865 escorted President Jefferson Davis on his flight from Richmond. Speaker of the Tennessee Senate in 1871. He died near Thomasville, Ga., and is buried there. — Map (db m60259) HM|
|Tennessee (Scott County), Winfield — 1 F 10 — Tennessee / Kentucky|
|Tennessee Scott County Established 1849: named in honor ofGeneral Winfield Scott Veteran of War of 1812; successful commander of southern thrust into Mexico City during the Mexican War; served as Chief of Staff of the Army until 1862 & was military adviser to the President until his death.
KentuckyAn Iroquois word meaning Meadow Land. It was visited by Indian tribes from as far west as the Rocky Mountains before 1750. The first white settlement was at Harrodsburg in 1774. . . . — Map (db m30425) HM|
|Tennessee (Tipton County), Covington — 4E 78 — Cadmus Marcellus Wilcox|
|West Point graduate, Seminole and Mexican Indian Wars soldier, instructor of infantry tactics at West Point, Major General in the Confederate Army, and chief of the Railroad Division of the General Land Office under President Grover Cleveland. Wilcox was born in Waynesboro, North Carolina in 1824. He settled in Tipton County in 1826 and lived in Covington until 1842. He died in Washington, D.C., in 1890, and is buried in Oak Hill Cemetery there. — Map (db m63177) HM|
|Texas (Bexar County), San Antonio — Clara Driscoll — April 2, 1881 - July 17, 1945|
| A descendant of early Texas colonists, including a veteran of San Jacinto, Clara Driscol was born in Refugio County and grew up as a wealthy rancher's daughter. In 1903, soon after returning from school in Europe, she learned that the Long Barrack, part of the historic Alamo, was about to be sold as a hotel site. When the state failed to act, she bought the property. Using her own funds to supplement money raised by the Daughters of the Republic of Texas. Her gesture sparked public interest . . . — Map (db m30130) HM|
|Texas (Bexar County), San Antonio — General David E. Twiggs — Surrender of Federal Forces by|
| Brought about as Texas moved to expel 2600 Federal troops – a step necessary after secession. Frontier fighter Ben McCulloch with 400 volunteers forced surrender negotiations at headquarters of Gen. Twiggs a block and a half from here, by 4 representatives of the Texas Committee on Public Safety.
Talks began Feb. 8, 1861; were stalled by Feb. 15. That night 90 of McCulloch’s men stole in, fixed guns on Federal sentries and garrison in Alamo Plaza. 300 more Texas troops entered the . . . — Map (db m30326) HM|
|Texas (Bexar County), San Antonio — The Defense of The Alamo — “Thermopylae had its messenger of defeat; The Alamo had none.”|
|The Alamo in 1836 consisted of this church, the convent and a large rectangular area or plaza, an enclosure of about six acres surrounded by walls with barracks on the west side of the plaza. On February 23, 1836 Colonel William Barret Travis entered the Alamo with an approximate force of two hundred men, the siege commanded by General Santa Anna and an army of several thousand Mexican soldiers lasted nearly two weeks. At dawn on Sunday, March 6, the final assault was made, and in less than an . . . — Map (db m9224) HM|
|Texas (Bexar County), San Antonio — The Woll Invasion|
| Mexico’s last invasion of the Republic of Texas alarmed San Antonio on Sept. 11, 1842, when Gen. Adrian Woll and 1300 troops struck the city from the west.
Awakened by booming cannon, 56 Texians (including judge, jurors, and citizens in town to attend court) bravely attempted to defend the city. They fortified the stone home of Samuel A. Maverick at northeast corner of Main Plaza, and poured out gunfire at Woll entered with flags flying and band playing. Forced to surrender to overwhelming . . . — Map (db m30325) HM|
|Texas (Burnet County), Burnet — 9726 — Magill Family Cemetery|
|Surrounded by a rock wall, the small pioneer family cemetery just west of this site is located on land that was once part of the William H. Magill homestead. Magill, a veteran of the Battle of San Jacinto, moved his family to Burnet County in 1850. He established this graveyard with the burial of his 15-year-old son, John, in 1863. The remaining four marked graves include William H. Magill (1813-1878); his second wife, Elizabeth (1831-1914); and his parents, Nancy (1792-1865) and Samuel . . . — Map (db m27595) HM|
|Texas (Burnet County), Burnet — 9739 — Oldest Commercial Building in Burnet|
|Logan Vandeveer (1815-55), a hero of the 1836 Battle of San Jacinto, came here about 1849 as a Fort Croghan beef supplier. He became first United States Postmaster in Burnet and in 1854 built this native stone structure. With a partner named Taylor, he had a store on the ground floor. Vandeveer was a charter member of Valley Lodge No. 175, A. F. & A. M., which occupied the top floor from 1855 to 1969. The Lodge still owns the building. — Map (db m27693) HM|
|Texas (Cameron County), Boca Chica — Site of Camp Belknap|
| In May 1846 when war was declared against Mexico, the U.S. Congress authorized the raising of 50,000 volunteer troops to supplement the regular U.S. Army. General Zachary Taylor was quickly inundated with volunteer soldiers arriving at Brazos Santiago, and was forced to place them in temporary encampments. Camp Belknap, located on this site, was established in the summer of 1846. The camp was located on a long narrow rise of land, measuring about 2 miles in length and one-half mile at its . . . — Map (db m35287) HM|
|Texas (Cameron County), Brownsville — The Battle of Palo Alto|
| The Battle of Palo Alto was fought here
May 8, 1846
and was won by the
Army of the United States — Map (db m36215) HM|
|Texas (Cameron County), Port Isabel — Port of Matamoros|
|The Port of Matamoros was established in 1824. Commercial cargo, shipped mainly from New Orleans and other U.S. ports, was unloaded at the Port and transported overland to Matamoros, Reynosa, Camargo, Monterrey, and Mier. Mexico maintained a garrison and at least one Navy vessel at the Port. This area was the site of numerous Naval encounters between the U.S. and Mexico in 1836-37, during and after the Texas Revolution. Jurisdiction over the Port was finally settled in 1846 when forces of U.S. . . . — Map (db m16542) HM|
|Texas (Cherokee County), Jacksonville — 6636 — Old Neches Saline Road — (Crosses Highway 175 Here)|
|Originally an Indian trail. Used in 1765 by the Spanish priest Calahorra on an Indian peace mission. Gained importance, 1820s, for use in hauling salt from Neches Saline to Nacogdoches.
Survivors of the Killough family massacre of 1838 fled via the road to Fort Lacy. The Texas Army used it en route to fight Mexican rebel Cordova in 1838 and in Cherokee War, 1839.
Some of Kentucky volunteers went this way to the Mexican War, 1846. After Indian wars, road brought in many settlers. . . . — Map (db m81748) HM|
|Texas (Comanche County), Comanche — 2123 — General Ashbel Smith, C.S.A. — (1805 - 1886)|
Born in Connecticut. Graduated at 19 from Yale. Studied medicine in France, where friends were Revolutionary War hero Lafayette and inventor Samuel F. B. Morse. As a North Carolina doctor he later took interest in politics and government.
Came to Texas 1837. Was made Surgeon-General of Army. As headright (settler's land bounty) and pay for army service, obtained in 1839 Comanche County tract on South Leon River, near this site.
Was sent to England and France, 1842, as Texas charge . . . — Map (db m72293) HM|
|Texas (Crockett County), Ozona — 1110 — Crockett County|
|Formed from Bexar Territory
Created January 22, 1875
Organized July 7, 1891
Named in honor of
1786 - 1836
Member of the United States
Congress from Tennessee
Killed at the Alamo
Ozona, County Seat — Map (db m7413) HM|
|Texas (Gillespie County), Fredericksburg — Site of Fort Martin Scott|
| Established by the United States Army
December 5, 1848
as a protection to travelers and
settlers against Indian attack.
Named in honor of Major Martin Scott,
Brevet Lieutenant Colonel,
5th United States Infantry,
killed at Molino del Rey,
September 8, 1847.
Its garrison participated in many
Occupied intermittently after 1852,
held by the Confederates, 1861-1865,
permanently abandoned in December, 1866.
Erected by the State of Texas . . . — Map (db m35905) HM|
|Texas (Jeff Davis County), Fort Davis — Confederate President Jefferson Davis — 1808-1889|
|Friend of Texas. Visited first as officer Mexican War 1847. As U.S. Secretary of War in 1855, built up frontier forts to open West Texas to settlers. Camels imported for patrols, hauling.
His Postmaster-General and personal aide were Texans, as were many on his general staff.
After post-war release from prison, visited state and soldiers. He once had told in wartime:
"Troops from other states have their reputations to gain, but sons of the Alamo have theirs to maintain."
County named for him in 1887. — Map (db m48611) HM|
|Texas (Kendall County), Kendalia — George Wilkins Kendall — C.S.A. Home Front Producer — (1809 - 1867)|
|A molder of world opinion. His theme: Greatness of Texas. Born in New Hampshire. Learned printing and worked in New York, Boston and Washington, D.C. With Francis A. Lumsden, in 1837 founded New Orleans Picayune. Joined the Texan-Santa Fe Expedition, 1841, as a reporter. Was imprisoned along with other ill-fated members. Wrote a book on the expedition. During Mexican War, 1846-1848, often rode with the Texas Rangers, in world's first war coverage by a foreign correspondent; filed his news by . . . — Map (db m47507) HM|
|Texas (Nueces County), Corpus Christi — 1519 — Explosion of the Steamship Dayton|
|Shortly after the people of Texas voted to approve annexation to the U.S.in June 1845, the U.S. entered a boundary dispute between Texas and Mexico. President James K. Polk ordered General Zachary Taylor to position his troops on or near the Rio Grande. Corpus Christi was chosen as headquarters for the troops.
The steamer "Dayton" was carrying troops from Corpus Christi to St. Joseph's Island on September 12,1845 when a boiler burst near McGloin's Bluff (Ingleside). A second boiler blew as . . . — Map (db m31938) HM|