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Roads & Vehicles Markers
2539 markers matched your search criteria. The first 250 markers are listed. Next 2289
Australia, New South Wales (Beresford), Cooma — Lambie Street
This marker consists of two plaques placed back to back. In the 1850s Cooma was developing in two areas, one around Lambie and Mulach Street, the other over the hill where Centennial Park and Sharp Street are now. Nevertheless for the first twenty years Lambie Street was the commercial centre of Cooma. Lambie Street is registered by the National Trust as a heritage precinct. This is because many of Cooma’s oldest buildings are there and as modern development virtually passed it . . . — Map (db m70675) HM
Brazil, Rio de Janeiro — Augusto Ferreira Ramos
Engenheiro Brasilero que idealisou e realisou o Caminho Aéreo 1912 - 1913 English Translation: The Brazilian Engineer who envisioned and created the aerial tramway. — Map (db m26350) HM
British Columbia (Capital Regional District), Victoria — "Summerdyne"Celebrating Our Heritage
The Burrell family home, "Summerdyne", on Oak Bay Avenue at Monterey looking west - circa 1906 The Burrell family walking east along Oak Bay Avenue near their home - circa 1900 — Map (db m75299) HM
British Columbia (Greater Vancouver Regional District), Semiahmoo — Peace ArchThe Signing of the Columbia River Treaty
Upper marker: This unfortified boundary line between the Dominion of Canada and the United States of America should quicken the remembrance of the more than century old friendship between these countries A lesson of peace to all nations. Lower marker: In commemoration of One hundred and fifty years of peace, 1814 - 1864, between Canada and the United States of America. The signing of the Columbia River Treaty on September 16th, 1964, at this international . . . — Map (db m27450) HM
British Columbia (Greater Vancouver Regional District), Surrey — Historic Port ElginTransportation & Communication — Part of Surrey’s Built Heritage
River Routes Located near the intersection of the King George VI Highway and the Nicomekl River, the Port Elgin area has been a crossroads for various forms of traffic for thousands of years. For centuries prior to the arrival of the first European settlers, Natives regularly canoed up the Nicomekl River and down the Salmon River as they made their way to the salmon-fishing platforms in the Frasier Canyon. The Hudson’s Bay Company’s chief trader James McMillan and his party of men . . . — Map (db m63715) HM
British Columbia (Greater Vancouver Regional District), Surrey — The Semiahmoo Trail
This trail was an ancient Indian travel-way linking tribal villages in the south to salmon grounds of the Fraser River. The first white explorers, lead by Chief Trader James McMillan of the Hudson’s Bay Company passed here in December of 1824. Using the Nicomekl and Salmon Rivers, they reached the Fraser and located the site of Fort Langley. Erected by the This trail was an ancient Indian travel-way linking tribal villages in the south to salmon grounds of the Fraser River. The first . . . — Map (db m60820) HM
Ontario (The Regional Municipality of Niagara), Niagara Falls — Niagara Portage Road
Following the cession of the east bank of the Niagara River to the United States in 1783, the British authorities felt compelled to transfer the portage road around Niagara Falls to the west bank of the river. Opened in 1789 by a group of private traders led by Robert Hamilton, the road between Queenston and Chippawa, which passed to the east of this monument, became the official government route in 1791. Until the completion of the Welland Canal in 1829 and the building of railways in the . . . — Map (db m75854) HM
Yukon Territory, Carcross — Carcross during World War IIAlaska-Canada Highway, 50 Years: 1942-1992
During World War II, Carcross played an important role in Alaska Highway construction. The connection here between the White Pass rail and water transportation systems gave the U.S. Army access to the Yukon’s interior. By early 1942, Carcross residents were well aware of the war. Many young men had joined the armed forces, and their families anxiously followed the news from Europe. That spring, however, the war moved much closer to home when 1200 Black troops of the 93rd Engineers stepped . . . — Map (db m68899) HM
Yukon Territory, Watson Lake — Welcome to the Sign Post Forest
In 1942, during the construction of the Alaska Highway, the United States Army Corps of Engineers erected mileage posts at their camps that listed places, distances and directions in the Yukon, other Canadian cities, cities within the United States of America and also other parts of the world. One of these posts was erected at the Wye, the corner of the Alaska Highway and the road to the Watson Lake Airport, where the Sign Post Forest stands today. The original post is the only mileage post of . . . — Map (db m72697) HM
Yukon Territory, Whitehorse — Alaska Highway
(left marker) At this site on 1 April 1946 the United States Army officially handed over the Alaska Highway and associated facilities to the Canadian Army This plaque is dedicated to the those who built and cared for the Alaska Highway by the members of the Northwest Highway System June 1956 (right marker) At this site on 1 April 1964 the Canadian Army handed over responsibility for the Alaska Highway and the Northwest Highway . . . — Map (db m42832) HM
France, Aquitaine (Gironde), Saint Emilion — La Maison de la Cadene/La Porte de la Cadene[The House of the Chain/The Gate of the Chain]
La Maison de la Cadene Une charte de 1291 concéda à Guillaume Renaud de la Cadene un emplacement situé à la port du même non. La maison gothique qu’il y fit construire fut remplacée au début du XVIème siècle par une masion à pans de bois et en torchis appelée encoure aujourd’hui Maison de la Cadène.

La Porte de la Cadene Postérieure aux 6 portes Romanes de remparts extérieurs, cette arcade ogivale gothique était l’unique port de l’enceinte fortifiée intérieure. Son nom viendrait du . . . — Map (db m60520) HM

France, Languedoc-Roussillon (Hérault), Colombiers — [Roman Milepost]
Tibère César Auguste Fils du divin Auguste Grand Pontife Revêtu de la puissance Tribunicienne Pour la 33ème fois A refait (la voie) XII (milles) Milliare restitué par le Parc Culturel Du Biterrois Inauguré le 05.09.2009 Michel BARBE, éntant maire

[Translation by Google Translate (with modifications): Tiberius Caesar Augustus Son of the divine Augustus Grand Pontiff In the power Tribunician For the 33rd time A redone (the way) XII (miles) Milepost returned by . . . — Map (db m60193) HM

France, Midi-Pyrénées (Tarn), Albi — Les berges du TarnThe Tarn riverbanks
La rive gauche du Tarn correspond à un quartier peuplé dès le Haut Moyen Âge: le secteur des «Combes» . Ce nom évoque une topographie en forme de gouttière descendant vers le Tarn. Les Combes établissaient un lien véritable avec la rivière marquée alors par une activité commerciale importante. Témoin de l’essor urbain, le pont Vieux, construit au XIe siècle pour répondre à l’accroissement de la circulation et favoriser le commerce, permet le développement du faubourg «du Bout-du-Pont» sur la . . . — Map (db m60352) HM
France, Provence-Alpes-Côte dAzur (Vaucluse), Bonnieux — Rue Droite
Tout au long de la rue, vous pourrez observer sur les façades les traces des anciennes boutiques d’artisans, échoppes d’artisans, estaminets du Moyen Age. Le prétoire, la prison et la maison commune se trouvaient un peu plus bas. La fontaine à rose (ou à godets) desservie par un ingénieux système de récupération d’eau, la dernière cuve se situant au niveau de la rue de la République, fonctionnait encore dans les années 50/60. Lorsqu’elle n’etait plus alimentée, on allait s’approvisionner à la . . . — Map (db m61754) HM
France, Provence-Alpes-Côte dAzur (Vaucluse), Bonnieux — 5 — Rue Voltaire
Anciennement rue des Marchands, c’était l’artère commerçante du village. -Fontaine du cafe, encore un! Il paraît que l’eau (ou l’absinthe...) y était meilleure! La fontaine est adossée à une belle demeure bâtie sur voûte autour des XIVeme et XVeme siècles. -Passage de la juiverie: restauration en 2009. Ce petit espace, dans lequel on confinait les Juifs au Moyen Age, était fermé le soir, ce qui montre qu’ils étaient soumis à une juridiction ecclésiastique spéciale, et seulement tolérés. En . . . — Map (db m61978) HM
Germany, Bavaria, Munich — Georg Lankensperger
[Marker text in German]: Hier stand das Haus des Kgl. Bayr. Hofwagners Georg Lankensperger *1779 • † 1847 der 1816 die Achsschenkellenkung erfand Für Gespannwagen erdacht, ist diese Lenkungsart von entscheidender Bedeutung fr den Bau aller heutigen Vierradkraftzeuge geworden Gestiftet vom der Audi NSU Auto Union AG [Marker text translated into English, more or less]: Here stood the house of the Royal Bavarian Wagonmaster, Georg Lankensperger, who in 1816 . . . — Map (db m57723) HM
Germany, Bavaria, Munich — The Expansion of the Church of Our Lady Lane
Durch hochherzige Spenden seiner königlichen hoheit des Prinzregenten Luitpold von Bayern, des Domkapitels zu Unserer Lieben Frau und opferwilliger Münchener Bürger wurde es ermöglicht, im Jahre 1888 das enge Liebefrauengässchen zu dieser Strasse zu erweitern und sogleich die hiesige Domfreiheit zu schaffen. Translated, the marker reads: Through the generous donations of His Royal Highness, Luitpold, the Prince Regent of Bavaria, the Ecclesiastical Chapter of the Church of Our . . . — Map (db m22603) HM
Germany, Bavaria (Landkreis Schweinfurt), Gerolzhofen — Spital GateSpitaltor
[Marker text in German:] Das Torhaus mit einer Rundbogen Durchfahrt und einem seitlich in den inneren Stadtgraben vorspringenden Flankiersturm wurde von Bischof Rudolf von Scherenberg um 1472 als Verstärkung des inneren Tors gebaut. Von Bischof Julius Echter 1597 erweitert, fiel es 1871 der Spitzhacke zum Opfer. Geschichte für alle - historischer Verein in Gerolzhofen, e.V. Dr. Ottmar Wolf – Kulturstiftung [Marker text translated into English, more or less:] . . . — Map (db m57951) HM
Germany, Bavaria (Landkreis Schweinfurt), Gerolzhofen — The Beadle’s TowerBettelturm
[Marker text in German:] Hier stand der innere Torturm der südlichen Doppeltor-Anlage, im Volksmund Bettelturm genannt(Büttel = Gerechtsknecht). Erstmals 1340 erwähnt, wurde der Turm schon im 1756 wegen Steinfraß und morschem Fundament wieder abgebrochen. Geschichte für alle - historischer Verein in Gerolzhofen, e.V. Dr. Ottmar Wolf – Kulturstiftung [Marker text translated into English, more or less:] Here stood the inner gate tower, part of the double-tower . . . — Map (db m57956) HM
Germany, Saxony-Anhalt (Mansfeld-Südharz District), Mansfeld-Lutherstadt — Mittelalterliches StraßenpflasterMedieval Pavement
ausg. 17. Jahrhundert Fundort Mansfeld im Bereich Teichstraße Postplatz Rabentorstraße in einer Tiefe von ca. zwei Meter Sichergestellt bei der Stadtkernsanierung 2002/03 English translation: From the 17th Century. Found in Mansfeld in the area of Teich Street,the Post Square, Ravensgate Street, at a depth of approximately 2 meters. Preserved during the reconstruction of the city center 2002-03 — Map (db m70362) HM
Greece, Thera Municipality (Santorini), Fira — Santorini Cable Car
IΔPYMA ΛOYΛAΣ KAI EYAΓΓEΛOY NOMIKOY TEΛEΦEPIK ΣANTOPINH Σ ΔΩPEA TOY IΔPYTH ΣTIΣ 14 KOINOTHTEΣ TOY NHΣIOY Loulas and Evangelos Nomikos Foundation Santorini’s Cable Car Gift of the founder to the 14 communities of the island — Map (db m43315) HM
Ireland, Leinster (County Meath), Kells — Suffolk StreetKells Heritage Trail
Suffolk Street is an anglicisation of the ancient name Siofac, the meaning of which is today uncertain. The Annals of the Four Masters mentions a fire in 1156 burning the area of Kells from the cross of the gate to Siofoic. The name may be derived from the existence of a suidhe, a fairy mound, possibly a prehistoric tumulus, at the junction of Suffolk and Farrell Streets. A hillock at this site was cleared away in the early 19th century with the widening of Farrell Street. — Map (db m26424) HM
Ireland, Leinster (County Offaly), Birr — The world's first automobile fatalityhappened here on 31 August 1869
Shortly after 8:00pm that evening a pioneering steam carriage designed and built by William Parsons, the Third Earl of Rosse, left the castle gates and drove at walking pace along Oxmantown Mall before turning the corner into Cumberland (now Emmet) Street. The Kings County Chronicle of the following day records what then befell: APPALLING ACCIDENT DEATH OF THE HON. MRS. WARD On yesterday the people of Parsonstown were much excited and grieved at a sad accident which occurred in the . . . — Map (db m33198) HM
Israel, Central District, Rosh Ha'ayin — The Roman Cardoהקארדו הרומי
A remnant of the main street of the Roman city of Antipatris. "Cardo" is the name for the main north-south street of a Roman-era city. Shops lined the Cardo, and at its center it was connected to the Forum, the city's central square. Grooves can be seen in the paving stones, carved over the years by the wheels of vehicles rolling along the street. The lookout tower on the Cardo was constructed during the Ottoman period, long after the street had fallen into complete disuse. — Map (db m64445) HM
Israel, Jerusalem District, Jerusalem — Jaffa GateOld City Jerusalem
[Text in Hebrew …] [Text in English:] Jaffa Gate is the westernmost of the gates in the walls of Jerusalem. It is so named as the starting point of the road to Jaffa port. Its Arabic name, Bab al-Khalil, meaning “Hebron Gate,” indicates that the road to Hebron, the ancient city of the Patriarchs, also started there. An Arabic inscription in the gate structure commemorates its construction: “In the name of Allah, the merciful and the compassionate, our lord . . . — Map (db m44853) HM
Italy, South Tyrol, Kastelruth — Josef Riehl
Erbauer der Strasse Waidbruck-Kastelruth im Jahre 1887 Kastelruth 30.August 1987 Engish translation: Joseph Riehl Builder of the Waidbruck-Kastelruth Road in the year 1887 Kastelruth 30.August 1987 — Map (db m69173) HM
South Africa, Eastern Cape, Grahamstown — Andrew Geddes Bain, Road Builder and Geologist1797 - 1864
Bain built the queen's road to Fort Beaufort via the Ecca Pass and the road through Pluto's Vale as military roads in 1837-45. His house was then near here on the Ecca Heights. He became interested in Geology in 1837 during the construction of the Queen's Road and in the area visible from this spot he worked out the stratigraphy of the Karoo System, and discovered that fossil reptiles occur in it. Bain was the father of South African Geology. — Map (db m62618) HM
Switzerland, Lucerne (Lucerne (District)) — "Fire Alley"Brandgässli
Ein Grossbrand äscherte 1833 zehn in einer Doppelzeile aneinandergebaute Häuser zwischen der Reuss und dem Korn-und Weinmarkt ein. Beim Wiederaufbau wurden die Neubauten um ein Geschoss erhöht und die ehemaligen Hinterhöfe in eine Gasse umgewandelt. Diese heisst seit 1834 Brandgässli. German-English translation:. In 1833 an inferno incinerated ten adjacent houses of a double row that had been built between the Reuss River and the grain- and wine-markets. During reconstruction, the . . . — Map (db m67538) HM
Switzerland, Lucerne (Lucerne (District)) — Lower- or Basel-GateNiedertor oder Baslertor
Stadttor mit Haberturm an der Ausfallstrasse Richtung Basel. 1297 erstmals erwähnt, 1743 – 1744 mit einem Vorwerk versehen, 1862 abgebrochen. In unmittelbarer Nähe standen die Zollstätte, der Judenturm (1771 abgebrochen), der << Herrenkeller >> und das Zeughaus (heute Historisches Museum). Südwärts setzte sich die 300m lange Litzimauer als Teil der Stadtbefestigung fort. Sie führte den Hirschengraben entlang zum Kesselturm und wurde 1856 – 1858 abgetragen. German-English . . . — Map (db m67768) HM
Switzerland, Lucerne (Lucerne (District)) — The Inner "Weggis" GateInneres Weggistor
Ausfalltor des inneren Befestigungsringes der Grossstadt auf den Kirchweg zum Hof, nach Küssnacht und Zug. 1265 als Hoftor erstmals genannt. Der Turm über dem Tor hiess Schwarzturm, weil er von Rauch der benachbarten Bad- und Waschhäuser geschwärzt war. 1559 – 1623 Amtswohnung des Stadttrompeters. Zeitweise Gefängnis. 1862 abgebrochen. Das Fundament des Turmes ist im Bodenbelag markiert. German-English translation: Interior Weggis Gate This was the . . . — Map (db m67723) HM
Switzerland, Lucerne (Lucerne (District)) — The Mills GateMühlentor
Tor der im 13. Jahrhundert errichteten ältesten Befestigung des rechtsufrigen Stadtteils. Der Name leitete sich von den nahen Mühlen ab. Es war das älteste Ausfalltor gegen Norden und vermittelte den Verkehr Richtung Brugg, bis um 1300 die linksufrige Baselstrasse aufkam. German-English translation: The Mills Tower This 13th Century gate is the oldest fortification established on the right bank portion of the city. The name was derived from the nearby mills. It was . . . — Map (db m67750) HM
Turkey, İzmir Province (Selçuk District), Ephesus — Processional Way
Dini Alay Yolu [text in Turkish…] Processional Way [text in English] Annual festivals named ‘Artemisia’ or ‘Ephesia’ in antiquity were undertaken in honour of Artemis, the city goddess of Ephesos. The festivities, which lasted for several days, were framed by sportive and musical competitions, although the focus was the procession accompanied by sacrifices. The procession, in which a festively adorned and bedecked cult figure of Artemis was carried, also served . . . — Map (db m44269) HM
United Kingdom, CambridgeshireCambridge — Great St. Mary’s Datum
This disk marks the datum point from which in 1725 William Warren, Fellow of Trinity Hall, began to measure the one mile points along the roads from Cambridge at which were then set up the first true milestones in Britain since Roman times. — Map (db m68118) HM
United Kingdom, Greater LondonGreenwich — Greenwich Foot Tunnel
This tunnel constructed by the London County Council was opened in August 1902. Sir John MacDougall chairman of the Council; Lord Monkswell vice chairman; Henry Clarke deputy chairman; Col F. Sheffield chairman bridges comm; J. E. Sears vice chairman bridges comm; Sir Alex R Binnie MICE, Maurice FitzMaurice CMG, MICE, engrs; W. C. Copperthwaite MICE resident engineer. J. Cochrane & Sons contractors; J. Brown AMICE, contractors engineer. — Map (db m68120) HM
United Kingdom, Greater LondonLondon — Toll Gate HouseSpaniards Gate
This eighteenth century building was erected to collect tolls from those passing through the western entrance to the estates of the bishops of London — Map (db m68119) HM
United Kingdom, Angus (Scotland), Arbroath — David Dunbar BuickSeptember 17 1854 – March 5 1929
American motoring pioneer & founder of the Buick motor company of America. David Dunbar Buick was born at No. 26 Green Street, Arbroath, which lay approx 90 metres north of this, the only remaining building to show the line of the original street. — Map (db m34452) HM
United Kingdom, Northern Ireland (County Londonderry), Derry-Londonderry — New Gate
In 1787 the walls were breached for the first time to improve access to the city centre. It is said that the gate was built to cope with crowds flocking to the New Theatre in Artillery Street but was closed in 1799 due to complaints from the audience that the noise outside disturbed the performance. The gate was reopened and widened in the 1860s. — Map (db m71085) HM
United Kingdom, Northern Ireland (County Londonderry), Derry-Londonderry — Newmarket Street
You are standing on the city walls. Newmarket Street slopes up and over the wall. The street was created in the mid 19th century on the site of the Smithfield Meat Market to allow carts to the new covered market. — Map (db m71100) HM
Alabama (Autauga County), Autaugaville — AutaugavilleIntersection of Autauga and Academy Streets — "America's First Crossroad"
Robert Ripley's world-wide syndicated Believe It Or Not! column for July 31, 1935 read: "C. D. Abbott is the first citizen of the U.S.A. He is first alphabetically in Autaugaville, the first town in Autauga, the first county in Alabama, the first state in the U.S.A." Ripley could have added that Mr. Abbott lived on Autauga Street, which was the first street alphabetically in Autaugaville in 1935. As the town grew, Academy Street was added, crossing the older "first street" and making this "America's First Crossroad." — Map (db m68839) HM
Alabama (Autauga County), Prattville — Happy Hollow
Known as Fair Road, Sixth Street from Northington Street to the big curve was called “Happy Hollow”. The road went to the Fair home place but also curved right, into Warren Circle. Here stood a small frame church where the congregation’s enthusiastic preaching, singing, and shouting led to the name Happy Hollow Church. Bethlehem Colored Methodist Episcopal was relocated in 1947 to Chestnut and Sixth, and renamed Bethlehem Christian Methodist Episcopal Church. Within the Hollow . . . — Map (db m70800) HM
Alabama (Autauga County), Prattville — Old Plank RoadCirca 1840's
The plank road was constructed of large pine logs, sawed lengthwise and laid round-side down. Daniel Pratt built the road for public benefit and to provide transportation from the Pratt Cotton Gin Factory to Washington on the Alabama River. Over four-miles long, the road cost between eight-and ten-thousand dollars to construct. Cotton gins from Pratt's factory were shipped all over the globe. Under the name "Continental Eagle," this factory remains the largest cotton gin manufacturer in . . . — Map (db m27983) HM
Alabama (Barbour County), Eufaula — General Grierson’s March
This road marks the entrance into Eufaula of Federal Troops on April 29, 1865. Lee had surrendered at Appomattox, Virginia on April 9. General Benjamin H. Grierson was advancing with four thousand cavalry from Mobile and was then about at Louisville. He had not heard of Lee’s surrender. Masters Edward Young and Edward Stern, mounted on horses and bearing flags of truce, were at once dispatched out this road, the direct route from Clayton, to meet General Grierson. They met General Grierson at . . . — Map (db m27990) HM
Alabama (Calhoun County), Anniston — Freedom Riders
On May 14, 1961, a Greyhound bus left Atlanta, GA carrying among its passengers seven members of the Congress of Racial Equality (CORE), a.k.a. the “Freedom Riders,” on a journey to test interstate bus segregation. The bus was met by an angry mob at the bus station in Anniston, AL where tires were slashed and windows broken. Upon leaving Anniston, the bus was followed by the mob to this site where the driver stopped to change the tire. The crowd set the bus on fire and attacked . . . — Map (db m35737) HM
Alabama (Clarke County), Whatley — Old Indian Trail
Here passed the Old Indian Trail used as a dividing line between the Choctaw and Creek Tribes. General Andrew Jackson and his troops rested here for the night in 1813. — Map (db m47633) HM
Alabama (Clarke County), Whatley — Old Line Road
Commences at the Cut-Off, or the first high ground in that vicinity, follows the watershed between the Alabama and Tombigbee Rivers, and ends at Choctaw Corner. Established in 1808 by the Creek and Choctaw Indians as the dividing line between their lands. — Map (db m47628) HM
Alabama (Colbert County), Muscle Shoals — Howell & Graves School
Marker Front: Muscle Shoals City was incorporated on April 24, 1923. Among the leading developers were New York realtors A.L. Howell and C.T. Graves. Their interest in Muscle Shoals was inspired by the vision of Henry Ford to use power from Wilson Dam and the Nitrate Plants to "employ one million workers and build a city 75 miles wide." Although Ford's vision remained unfulfilled, Howell & Graves helped develop the town by building the first City Hall, bungalows, a service station, and . . . — Map (db m28580) HM
Alabama (Colbert County), Sheffield — Old Railroad Bridge
(obverse) In 1832, the Alabama legislature authorized the Florence Bridge Company to construct this bridge across the Tennessee River. In 1840, it opened as a toll bridge. Twice damaged by storms, it was reopened in 1858 as a double-decked bridge by the Memphis and Charleston Railroad. Additional piers were added to support the large wooden superstructure with trains using the upper deck while the lower deck served as a toll bridge. In April 1862, the Confederate army burned the . . . — Map (db m40596) HM
Alabama (Colbert County), Sheffield — Village One
Front In 1918, during World War I, the U.S. Government built this unique village of 85 bungalows, school, and officers barracks to house personnel at nearby Nitrate Plant No. 1. Prefabricated and standard size materials were used in construction along with red tile roofs and stucco exteriors. Streets were laid out in an unusual "Liberty Bell" design. Reverse The Village was owned by TVA from 1933~1949. Its employees occupied the houses and their children attended a . . . — Map (db m28577) HM
Alabama (Colbert County), Tuscumbia — Jackson's Military Road
Side 1 After the Battle of New Orleans in 1815, General Andrew Jackson proposed this road as a shorter and improved route for military movements between Nashville and New Orleans. The U.S. War Department authorized Jackson to appoint an engineer and procure equipment on August 15, 1816 and Congress appropriated $5,000 to begin construction. The Military Road was built by about 300 American soldiers over a three-year period at a construction cost of $300,000. When completed on May . . . — Map (db m28582) HM
Alabama (Conecuh County), Pine Orchard — Old Federal RoadFort Warren
Site of Fort Warren, built in 1816 by Colonel Richard Warren, who owned considerable land in this vicinity. This facility was used as a refuge for settlers who feared for their lives in the early days of the aftermath of the Creek Indian Wars of 1812-1814. — Map (db m47689) HM
Alabama (Covington County), Andalusia — Three Notch Road / Hank and Audrey Williams
[Side A:] Three Notch Road Established 1824 The Three Notch Road was a 90-mile section of a 230-mile military road to connect Pensacola with Fort Mitchell in Russell County on the Chattahoochie River. Capt. Daniel E. Burch marked the route using three notches on trees for a crew under Lt. Elias Phillips to follow. Soldiers from the U. S. 4th Infantry Division cleared the route in June, July, and August, 1824, at a cost of $1,130. The road runs through the present cities of . . . — Map (db m39034) HM
Alabama (Dallas County), Cahaba — Vine Street
Vine Street was Cahawba Business district. Stores, offices and hotels were tightly packed together along these three blocks. Homes were scattered over an entire square mile. Nearly every house had a yard of one or two acres. — Map (db m23289) HM
Alabama (Etowah County), Attalla — “The Junction”Attalla
For thousands of years, two important Indian trade routes ran across what was to become Etowah County. The “High Town Path” ran from Charlestown, S.C. west to the Mississippi River, near Memphis, TN. The “Creek Path” begins at Pensacola, Fl. and runs northwest into the Ohio Country. Two miles west of this spot, on Big Wills Creek, the two routes formed a “Junction,” and became a combined path across Racoon (Sand) Mountain, where it again divided. By . . . — Map (db m39226) HM
Alabama (Franklin County), Russellville — Russellville
Incorporated on November 27, 1819, three weeks before Alabama achieved statehood, Russellville was platted around the intersection of two historic roads. Edmund Pendleton Gains began work on the road that would bear his name on December 26, 1807. Gaines' Trace extended from Elk River shoals, to Cotton Gin Port on the Tombigee River in present-day Mississippi. Lawrence Street follows part of the route through town. Work on a more direct road from Nashville to New Orleans began in 1817 . . . — Map (db m68956) HM
Alabama (Jefferson County), Birmingham — Roebuck Spring
In 1850 George James Roebuck and his wife Ann Hawkins Roebuck built a log cabin at the mouth of Roebuck Spring. His Influence and leadership led to the area around it to be known as Roebuck. In 1900 Alabama Boys Industrial School was located adjacent to the spring, and the spring water was used for the school until city water became available. In 1910 George Miller, a leading landscape architect and industrial town planner, developed the first planned golf course and club house close to the . . . — Map (db m26688) HM
Alabama (Jefferson County), Birmingham — Roebuck Springs Historic District
Roebuck Springs was the first large residential suburb in Birmingham where planning and development were tied to the automobile, and the first community in the city associated with a golf course development. The 1910 land plan was designed to complement the steep, rolling topography, reminiscent of narrow country lanes in rural England. The use of local native stones unified the diverse architectural styles - Craftsman, Tudor Revival, and Colonial Revival - and contributed to the natural, . . . — Map (db m26684) HM
Alabama (Jefferson County), Homewood — Edgewood Lake (Drained 1940's) Birmingham Motor & Country Club / Edgewood Country Club(Demolished 1930's)
The developers of the Town of Edgewood, Stephen Smith and Troupe Brazelton, built the beautiful 117.4 acre lake and clubhouse in 1913-15. Amenities included a swimming pool, dance pavilion, fishing, boating and parking for hundreds of automobiles. Similar to golf or tennis clubs, this was instead a driving club since the ownership of an automobile was the latest rage. A great race track, designed after the Indianapolis Motor Speedway, was begun and graded but never completed. It's north and . . . — Map (db m26963) HM
Alabama (Jefferson County), Homewood — Union Hill Cemetery, Union Hill Methodist Episcopal Church, Union Hill School
This cemetery is the final resting place of many of Shades Valley's pioneer residents. A few of the earliest headstones date from the mid-1850s. Descendants of these settlers helped mold the cities of Mountain Brook and Homewood. Located on property to the east of the cemetery was the Union Hill Methodist Episcopal Church building which was completed in 1874 on property donated by Pleasant H. Watkins. This church was founded in 1867 near the Irondale Furnace and moved to Union Hill in 1873. . . . — Map (db m26294) HM
Alabama (Jefferson County), Hoover — Shades Crest Road Historical District
Indian, Wagon Trail, now Shades Crest Road, led to popular chalybeate springs. Summit, now Bluff Park, was a resort known for its view, cool air and healing mineral water. In 1899 school / church was built. In 1909 Bluff Park Hotel, built on land settled by Hale Family, lost to fire in 1925. In 1996 Alabama Register of Landmarks and Heritage. — Map (db m27311) HM
Alabama (Jefferson County), Hoover — Shades Crest Road Historical District
Indian, Wagon Trail, now Shades Crest Road, led to popular chalybeate springs. Summit, now Bluff Park, was a resort known for its view, cool air and healing mineral water. In 1899 school / church was built. In 1909 Bluff Park Hotel, built on land settled by Hale Family, lost to fire in 1925. In 1996 Alabama Register of Landmarks and Heritage. — Map (db m28517) HM
Alabama (Lauderdale County), Florence — Andrew Jackson's Military Road-1817-
Construction of this road, as ordered by General Andrew Jackson, began in May 1817 by troops of the U.S. Army for national defense purposes. Beginning near Nashville, Tennessee and continuing to Madison, Louisiana, it shortened the distance from Nashville to New Orleans by 200 miles. This road followed early Native American trails that were uses by Jackson's Army during the War of 1812. The military road served as a major transportation route for early settlers of North Alabama, Mississippi, Louisiana, and the Old Southwest Territory. — Map (db m28563) HM
Alabama (Lauderdale County), Florence — Jackson's Military Road
Built by Andrew Jackson, 1816~1820. Shortened by 200 miles the route from Nashville to New Orleans for movement of supply wagons and artillery. Built with U.S. funds and troops. Followed in part Doublehead's Road from Columbia, Tenn., to Muscle Shoals. After 1819 mail route was transferred from Natchez Trace to pass through Florence via Military Road. A portion of Hood's army followed the road to Franklin and Nashville in 1864. In later years called Jackson Highway. — Map (db m65290) HM
Alabama (Lawrence County), Courtland — Early Roads / One of the South's First Railroads 1832
Side A Tennessee Street along the north side of the square was originally part of Gaines’ Trace, a horse path laid out in 1807 under the direction of Capt. Edmund Pendleton Gaines of the U. S. Army. From Melton’s Bluff on the Tennessee River, the trace ran westward to Cotton Gin Port on the Tombigbee, in present-day Mississippi. Another important early thoroughfare was the Byler Road (1819), which ran southward through Courtland and linked the Tennessee Valley to Tuscaloosa and lower . . . — Map (db m29056) HM
Alabama (Lawrence County), Moulton — Cheatham Road
Wyatt Cheatham (1769-1856) was one of the early settlers of Lawrence County and bought land near Wren in 1818. The Alabama Legislature on 14 Dec 1824 authorized him, "to open out and make a road leading from at or near the Gum Pond in said county to Tuscaloosa". The act authorized him to erect turnpike gates and collect tolls for passage. The Gum Pond near the Leola Road was located on Payne’s Road about 7 miles south of Moulton. The Cheatham Road was to be 18 feet wide with 12 feet cleared of . . . — Map (db m37450) HM
Alabama (Madison County), Huntsville — Hotel Monte Sano“Monte Sano” – Spanish for “Mountain of Health”
Site of Hotel Monte Sano, built in 1887 by the North Alabama Improvement Company with the assistance of Michael and James O’Shaughnessy. The 233-room hotel opened on June 1, 1887 and served as a health resort and haven for famous visitors including Helen Keller, the Vanderbilts, and the Astors. Guests arrived via the “Tally Ho” stagecoach or the Monte Sano Railway, which served the mountain community. The hotel closed in 1900, and the W.W. Garth family later purchased it for their . . . — Map (db m27796) HM
Alabama (Marshall County), Arab — Bear Meat Cabin Road
Starting as an ancient Indian trail, the north–south road through Arab in 1816 was known as Bear Meat Cabin Road. By 1818, it had become an important Federal trade route through the Alabama Territory known as the St. Stephens – Huntsville Road. Designated as a post road in 1822, it became the main mail route between New Orleans and Cincinnati over which Alabama’s first stage line traveled. Philip Clack received a State charter to operate the section through Arab as Clack’s Turnpike. . . . — Map (db m40134) HM
Alabama (Mobile County), Mt. Vernon — Mt. Vernon Federal Highway
In 1811, the Mount Vernon Cantonment, located on a hill about three miles west of the Mobile River, was laid out by Col. Thomas H. Cushing. The cantonment was on the site of a spring called Mount Vernon Springs. In 1814, the garrison at Mt. Vernon was visited by Andrew Jackson. Construction of the Old Federal Road from Milledgeville, Georgia to Fort Stoddert, Alabama began in 1818. 1828 president Andrew Jackson authorized for Mt. Vernon to become a military arsenal. By 1830 the construction of . . . — Map (db m70591) HM
Alabama (Monroe County), Burnt Corn — Old Federal RoadBurnt Corn
Burnt Corn, Monroe County's earliest settlement, became the crossroads of the Great Pensacola Trading Path and The Federal Road. Settler Jim Cornells returned from Pensacola in 1813, finding his home destroyed and his wife kidnapped by a Creek Indian war party. As the Creeks returned from procuring arms in Pensacola, Cornells and volunteers ambushed the Indians. Thus began the Creek Indian War of 1813-1814. — Map (db m47687) HM
Alabama (Montgomery County), Montgomery — Teague Road
This 2.8-mile road connecting U.S. highways 331 and 31 first appeared on Montgomery County road maps in 1928. Land for the road was deeded to Montgomery County in September 1926 by local landowners from the Teague, Bellingrath and Matthews families. The road took the Teague name from brothers William Martin and Robert S., prominent pioneers in county agriculture and commerce. Teague Road's name was changed in January 2004 when Hyundai automotive built its 1,720-acre plant on the road. — Map (db m70932) HM
Alabama (Montgomery County), Pintlala — 5 — Federal Road, 1805
Between Milledgeville, Ga. and St. Stephens, Ala. crossed here. Manac's Tavern was two miles west. — Map (db m39770) HM
Alabama (Montgomery County), Pintlala — The Federal Road / Manac's Tavern
Side 1 The Federal Road The 1803 Louisiana Purchase acquired 828,000 sq. mi. for the U.S., doubling its size. The Federal Road was built to provide a shorter route from Washington to New Orleans and the new territory. The Treaty of 1805 with the Creeks authorized traversing their lands. Entering Alabama at Ft. Mitchell near Columbus, GA, it came through Mt. Meigs, to Pintlala, Ft. Deposit, Burnt Corn, Ft. Stoddert, then Mobile. The 1814 Treaty of Ft. Jackson made much fertile . . . — Map (db m71535) HM
Alabama (Morgan County), Decatur — 7 — Two Bridges Across The Tennessee River“A Hard Nut To Crack” — The Battle For Decatur
In 1860, the Memphis and Charleston Railroad was the only east-west route through the United States south of the Mason-Dixon Line. Maintaining control of this rail line was essential to Confederate strategy. Union Brigadier General Ormsby Mitchell occupied Decatur on April 13, 1862. Confederate defenders attempted to destroy this bridge, but failed. Union troops would destroy the bridge themselves on April 27, 1862. Union troops would occupy Decatur briefly in the summer of 1862 and the fall of . . . — Map (db m28262) HM
Alabama (Shelby County), Vandiver — Sidney Word Lee(1864-1944)
Founder of Buffalo Rock Company (1901) in Birmingham and creator of Buffalo Rock Ginger Ale, a medicinal tonic first used in the Civil War. Lee's vision and influential support inspired the construction of this road across Double Oak Mountain connecting Coosa Valley to more developed land in the Cahaba Valley. Work began on Highway 25 in 1914 and was completed in 1921. At the time no other roads existed on the mountain and early settlers called the path the Winding Stair Trail. Highway 25 . . . — Map (db m52693) HM
Alabama (Tuscaloosa County), Tuscaloosa — Willys Jeep
In 1940, the U.S. Army put out a call to automobile manufacturers to produce a fast, lightweight, all terrain vehicle. The answer came in the form of the Willys MB. The Jeep was instrumental in World War II, the Korean War, and Vietnam. This jeep is decorated in the colors of the U.S. Air Force. The Department of the Air Force was established on September 17, 1947, shortly after taking office, the first Secretary of the USAF, W. Stuart Symington said “In this day when a powerful . . . — Map (db m35515) HM
Alabama (Wilcox County), Catherine — Postal Routes of 1820
Two miles north of this point was the intersection of two important postal routes of early Alabama, the Saint Stephens-Cahawba Road and the Tuskaloosa-Prairie Bluff Road. — Map (db m38495) HM
Alaska (Fairbanks North Star Borough), Faribanks — Cushman Street
“Instead of row after row of empty houses (Dawson), they are building new stores. The place is alive and busy-a little too crowded when we got there.” – a tourist in Fairbanks, 1928 — Map (db m47406) HM
Alaska (Southeast Fairbanks Borough), Delta Junction — Delta Junction, AlaskaNorthern Terminus of the "Alcan" Highway
This highway was constructed during World War II as a military supply route for interior Alaska Military and Airfields in 1942. 7 Army regiments and 42 Contractors and Public Roads Administrators working from Delta Junction South and Dawson Creek North completed it when they met at Soldiers’ Summit at Kluane Lake Yukon Territory in November 1942. At the peak of construction, 77 Contractors employed 15,000 men and 11,000 pieces of road building equipment. The total construction cost for 1422 miles was $115,000,000. — Map (db m59840) HM
Alaska (Southeast Fairbanks Borough), Tok — Taylor Highway
The Taylor Highway leads through some of the earliest and richest gold mining country in Alaska to the City of Eagle on the Yukon River. Gold was discovered by Franklin in 1886 and the old town of Forty Mile was located on the Yukon River at the mouth of the Forty Mile River. A river boat trip from Eagle will take you to this historic town. The Chicken Creek area was also a rich gold mining area at about the same time. Wade Creek was another rich area and the remains of an old dredge still . . . — Map (db m49596) HM
Alaska (Valdez Cordova Borough), Valdez — Goat Trail
The U.S. Army arrived at Valdez during the Gold Rush to build a trail into the interior. They found the Valdez Glacier impassable much of the year. To bypass the glacier, they cut a narrow trail along the walls of rugged Keystone Canyon. The “Goat Trail” quickly became a popular route to the interior. There Must be a Better Way In 1898 the Army found a route though Keystone Canyon as an alternative to Valdez Glacier. Despite dense vegetation, high walls, and a fast, icy . . . — Map (db m49611) HM
Alaska (Valdez Cordova Borough), Valdez — Horse and Sled Trail
On the far side, just above the water are the remains of the old sled trail, used in the early days. It was cut out of the rock, just wide enough for 2 horses abreast. 200 ft. above can be seen the old goat trail. This road was used till 1945. — Map (db m49610) HM
Arizona (Apache County), Springerville — 28 — Madonna of the Trail
This 10 foot high, 5 ton statue cast by St. Louis sculptor August Leimbach is one of 12 identical monuments to the bold spirit of the pioneers erected in 1928-29 along the National Old Trails Road from Maryland to California. — Map (db m36380) HM
Arizona (Cochise County), Bisbee — Mule Pass
Front of obelisk Road Constructed by Prison Labor 1913-14 Board of Control Geo. W.P. Hunt Governor C. Callaghan Auditor U.R. Osburn Member R.E. Sims Supt of Prison Lamar Orb State Engineer Right side of obelisk Continental Divide Elev. 6030 Left side of obelisk Cochise County Board of Supervisors A. Hickey Chrmn WM. Riggs J. Rock — Map (db m48552) HM
Arizona (Cochise County), San Simon — The San Simon Rest Area - Percy Jones, Jr.
Dedicated to the Engineering Achievements of Percy Jones, Jr. 1888 – Chief locating engineer who by sheer genius personally located more miles of Arizona highways than any other person. His college training in mining and geology combined with instincts as a pioneer desert traveler to give him uncanny abilities at pushing roads across virgin country. The spectacular drive through Salt River Canyon on U.S. 60 is considered a high point of this "born locator's" career. . . . — Map (db m37899) HM
Arizona (Cochise County), San Simon — The San Simon Rest Area - Percy Jones, Jr.
Dedicated to the Engineering Achievements of Percy Jones, Jr. 1888 – Chief locating engineer who by sheer genius personally located more miles of Arizona highways than any other person. His college training in mining and geology combined with instincts as a pioneer desert traveler to give him uncanny abilities at pushing roads across virgin country. The spectacular drive through Salt River Canyon on U.S. 60 is considered a high point of this "born locator's" career. . . . — Map (db m37900) HM
Arizona (Cochise County), Willcox — Railroad Avenue
Railroad Avenue became the Commercial center for the growth of Willcox and the Sulpher Springs Valley from the time of the construction of the Southern Pacific Railroad through the area in 1880. — Map (db m28174) HM
Arizona (Coconino County), Flagstaff — Beale Road
In 1857 Congress authorized Navy Lieutenant Edward F. Beale to survey a wagon road along the 35th parallel from Fort Defiance, New Mexico Territory, to the Colorado River. A secondary mission was to test the feasibility of using camels in the Southwest. In the fall of 1857, the Beale survey party passed through what is now Flagstaff, Arizona, with approximately 50 men, 100 mules, 10 wagons, 22 camels, and over 300 sheep. The eventual route passed by this location, and later became Fort Valley . . . — Map (db m33348) HM
Arizona (Coconino County), Flagstaff — Beale Wagon Road1857 - 1882
From 1857-60, Lt. Edward F. Beale and crew of 100 men completed the first federal highway in the southwest from Fort Smith, Ark. to Los Angeles, Calif. at a cost of $200,000. The wagon road was used extensively by immigrants en route to California and livestock men with large herds of cattle and sheep until 1882. — Map (db m33346) HM
Arizona (Coconino County), Grand Canyon National Park — Bright Angel Trail
Each year thousands of hikers enter Grand Canyon on the Bright Angel Trail. They follow a tradition - and a trail route - established by prehistoric people. For centuries humans have used this route for two key reasons: water and access. Water emerges from springs at Indian Garden, and erosion along the Bright Angel Fault creats a break in the cliffs, providing access to the springs. When prospectors arrived here in the late 1800s, Havasupai Indians were using the route. Prospectors . . . — Map (db m39563) HM
Arizona (Coconino County), Grand Canyon National Park — Mules and the Canyon
Behind you is the Bright Angel mule corral, where each morning mules greet riders and another adventure begins. Mules have carried people into Grand Canyon since sightseeers first visited here in the 1890s. For many people - including those who cannot hike - mules provide access to the inner canyon. Mules? What is a mule? Mules are hybrids, a cross between a male burro and a female horse. How long do mules live? How old are the ones visitors ride? Mules live about . . . — Map (db m39551) HM
Arizona (Coconino County), Happy Jack — General Crook Trail
Under the direction of General George Crook this trial was built in the early 1870's. Starting at Fort Whipple, it winds down to Fort Verde then eastward across the Mogollon Rim to Fort Apache covering 200 miles. It was used as a supply route by wagons and pack animals and as a tactical road by the cavalry during the Apache Indian Campaign. A few old trees and rocks can still be seen with original blazes which mark the mileage from various Forts. Many landmark names come from the mileage such as Thirteen Mile Rock and Twentynine Mile Lake. — Map (db m67419) HM
Arizona (Coconino County), Happy Jack — General Crook Trail
Under the direction of General George Crook this trial was built in the early 1870's. Starting at Fort Whipple, it winds down to Fort Verde then eastward across the Mogollon Rim to Fort Apache covering 200 miles. It was used as a supply route by wagons and pack animals and as a tactical road by the cavalry during the Apache Indian Campaign. A few old trees and rocks can still be seen with original blazes which mark the mileage from various Forts. Many landmark names come from the mileage such as Thirteen Mile Rock and Twentynine Mile Lake. — Map (db m67420) HM
Arizona (Coconino County), Marble Canyon — 350 — Lee's Ferry
John D. Lee settled here in Dec. 1872 and established ferry service thirteen months later. After her husband's death, Warren M. Johnson ran the oar-driven ferry for Emma Lee, 1875 to 1879, when the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-Day Saints purchased her interest. Johnson served until 1895. He was followed by James S. Emett who sold to the Grand Canyon Cattle Company in 1909. Coconino County operated the ferry from 1910 to 1928. — Map (db m41997) HM
Arizona (Coconino County), Marble Canyon — Navajo Bridge Erection Toggle Screw/Navajo BridgeState of Arizona — 1927/1928
This Erection Toggle Screw was used in the construction of the historic Navajo Bridge to maintain bridge vertical elevations and as a means of lowering bridge sections in place. [Plaque Mounted on Bridge]: State of Arizona Navajo Bridge Arch 616 feet • Total Length 834 feet • Height 467 feet Arizona State Highway Commission Geo W.P. Hunt, Governor L.P. Mcbride, Chairman - H. Thompson, Vice Chairman - F.C. Steger, Commissioner J.F. McDonald, Commissioner - Floyd . . . — Map (db m38469) HM
Arizona (Gila County), Globe — Becker Butte Lookout
Dedicated to the memory of Gustav Becker Springerville, Arizona 1856 – 1940 Pioneer Merchant, Trail Blazer, Road Builder A father of U.S. Highway 60 'His was a long life, founded on the Golden Rule' — Map (db m36904) HM
Arizona (Gila County), Globe — El Capitan Pass
This pass was used by Kearny's Army of the West in a march to California in 1846. Guided by Kit Carson it was described in a journal of the trip as "Carson's Old Trail”. The pass led around the impassable canyon on the Gila River where Coolidge Dam has been constructed. — Map (db m28045) HM
Arizona (Gila County), Pine — Camp Verde Arizona to Payson Arizona Mail Trail
This historic mail trail is dedicated to the memory of the mail riders named below and unknown mail carriers that braved weather, rough terrain and the Verde River to deliver mail 52 miles from Camp Verde to Payson, Arizona from 1884 to 1914. [Column 1:] Ashton Nebecker • Newton Tipton • Clarence Hann • William Johnson • William Lowthian • Mick Wright • Juan Portillo • Doc Lay • Richard Hopkins • James Farrell • Abner Heath • Will Heath • Gene Holder • Abner Greer • Henry Hunter . . . — Map (db m67417) HM
Arizona (La Paz County), Quartzsite — 060-019 — Tyson's WellOld Stage Station
This was a stage stop between Ehrenberg and Wickenburg and points east. Travelers in the 1870's and 80's made their first stop here on eastward journeys from the Colorado River. "No grass, but good water," an early desert guide indicated accommodations for passengers were crude. — Map (db m7004) HM
Arizona (Maricopa County), Apache Junction — Welcome to the Apache Trail Historic Road
"The Apache Trail combines the grandeur of the Alps, the Glory of the Rockies, the magnificence of the Grand Canyon and then adds an indefinable something that none of the others have. To me, it is the most awe-inspiring and most sublimely beautiful panorama nature has ever created." President Theodore Roosevelt, 1858-1919 Connecting communities in the Salt River Valley and Roosevelt Lake, the historic Apache Trail (Arizona Highway 88) winds its way through some of the state's . . . — Map (db m34066) HM
Arizona (Mohave County), Kingman — Wagon Route
Surveyed by Lt. Edward F. Beale 1857 - 1858. Followed by railroad survey, 1858 – 1859. Route of Atlantic and Pacific Railroad built across Arizona 1882 – 1883. Tracks reached Kingman, spring, 1883. U. S. Highway 66 closely follows Beale's survey. — Map (db m29357) HM
Arizona (Mohave County), Lake Havasu City — Robert P. McCulloch, Sr.
[Upper Plaque]: In grateful memory Robert P. McCulloch, Sr. Whose purchase of London Bridge in 1968 saved it for the enjoyment and use of prosterity [Lower Plaque]: October 10, 1981 on this 150th Anniverary London Bridge was formally dedicated to the citizens of Lake Havasu City — Map (db m6974) HM
Arizona (Mohave County), Littlefield — The Old Spanish Trail1829 - 1848
The Old Spanish Trail, the main trade route between Santa Fe and Los Angeles, passed this way beginning in 1829. At the end of the Mexican-American War this portion of the route evolved into what was variously known as the Salt Lake Road, the Mormon Trail, the California Road, and eventually U.S. Hwy. 91. The original pack trail descended Utah Hill, passed through Beaver Dam, then followed the Virgin River toward Las Vegas. As wagon traffic increased in the 1850s the route veered westward near . . . — Map (db m22729) HM
Arizona (Navajo County), Holbrook — Route 66
You are standing near old Route 66. The line of the roadbed and the telephone poles in front of you mark the path of the famous "Main Street of America" as it passed through Petrified Forest National Park. From Chicago to Los Angeles, this heavily traveled highway was not only a road. It stood as a symbol of opportunity, adventure, and exploration of travelers. A trip from Middle America to the Pacific Coast could take about a week - no interstate speeds here! For many, the journey was not . . . — Map (db m68904) HM
Arizona (Navajo County), Holbrook — Santa Fe Railroad
Across the Puerco River, the tracks of the Burlington Northern Santa Fe Railroad stretch for miles to the east and to the west. With no landforms or forests to block your view, you can see very long trains from beginning to end. More than 60 trains a day pass through the park. The Atlantic and Pacific Railroad built this important line across the Southwest in 1882. That sparked the founding of many northern Arizona towns, including Holbrook and Winslow to the west. The Fred Harvey . . . — Map (db m68895) HM
Arizona (Navajo County), Winslow — Winslow – Toreva Highway
Dedicated to the Honorable Carl Hayden, United States Senator and to the Honorable Frank R. Goodman, former State Highway Engineer. Both being good roads advocates who by their close application and untiring efforts contributed much to the establishment and construction of the Winslow-Tovera Highway — Map (db m36275) HM
Arizona (Pima County), Oro Valley — Cañada Del Oro
For early travelers the road through this canyon was one of the most dangerous in Arizona. Indians attacked lone riders and wagon trains along this route from Tucson to Old Camp Grant on the San Pedro River. Despite the canyon's name, very little gold was ever found here. Source: Historical Markers within the Arizona Department of Transportation Right of Way. Prepared by: Roadside Development Section, April 1, 1997 Map (db m48999) HM
Arizona (Pima County), Tucson — Alameda StreetCalle de la Milpes — Cemetery Street
Named Calle de la Milpes ("Road Which Leads to the Corn Fields") during Tucson’s Spanish period; the street linked the presidio with adjacent agricultural fields. Renamed Cemetery Street in the mid-1800s, the street was the main thoroughfare between downtown and the local military cemetery. By 1875 the cemetery was moved and the street was renamed Alameda Street ("Tree-Lined Street"). — Map (db m69624) HM
Arizona (Pima County), Tucson — Alameda StreetCalle de la Milpes — Cemetery Street
Named Calle de la Milpes ("Road Which Leads to the Corn Fields") during Tucson’s Spanish period; the street linked the presidio with adjacent agricultural fields. Renamed Cemetery Street in the mid-1800s, the street was the main thoroughfare between downtown and the local military cemetery. By 1875 the cemetery was moved and the street was renamed Alameda Street ("Tree-Lined Street"). — Map (db m69811) HM
Arizona (Pima County), Tucson — Broadway BoulevardCamp Street
In 1862, Union soldiers took possession of a former Confederate camp located in what is now Armory Park neighborhood. The camp, originally named Military Plaza, was reactivated in 1866 as Camp Lowell. During its occupation, soldiers traveled between the camp and the village of Tucson using a path called Camp Street. Today, remnants of the eastern half of the alignment follow modern day Broadway Boulevard. — Map (db m69704) HM
Arizona (Pima County), Tucson — Catalina Federal Honor CampGordon Hirabayashi Recreation Site
Why Put A Prison On A Mountain? Honor Camp prisoners built the Mt. Lemmon Highway In the early 20th century, the only road to Mt. Lemmon began at the town of Oracle and snaked up the north face of the mountain. Construction of the Mt. Lemmon Highway, a much shorter route from Tucson, began in 1933. To cut cost, prisoners supplied most of the labor, and a "Federal Honor Camp" was built here in 1939 to replace the temporary prison camps along the route. At first, . . . — Map (db m34595) HM
Arizona (Pima County), Tucson — Congress StreetCalle de la Alegria
Originally named “Street of Joy” during Tucson’s Spanish period. In 1869, its name changed to Congress Street, derived from Charles O. Brown’s Congress Hall Saloon. In 1867, Arizona’s territorial capital was moved to Tucson and Brown’s saloon served as one of three meeting places for the Territorial Legislature. — Map (db m69810) HM
Arizona (Pima County), Tucson — Congress StreetCalle de la Alegria
Originally named “Street of Joy” during Tucson’s Spanish period. In 1869, its name changed to Congress Street, derived from Charles O. Brown’s Congress Hall Saloon. In 1867, Arizona’s territorial capital was moved to Tucson, and Brown’s saloon served as one of three meeting places for the Territorial Legislature. — Map (db m70187) HM
Arizona (Pima County), Tucson — Congress StreetCalle de la Alegria
Originally named “Street of Joy” during Tucson’s Spanish period. In 1869, its name changed to Congress Street, derived from Charles O. Brown’s Congress Hall Saloon. In 1867, Arizona’s territorial capital was moved to Tucson, and Brown’s saloon served as one of three meeting places for the Territorial Legislature. — Map (db m70191) HM
Arizona (Pima County), Tucson — Convent Street
Named in 1869 for the convent located adjacent to San Augustín Cathedral. When the seven Sisters of St. Joseph of Carondelet finally arrived in 1870, they opened the city’s first parochial school for girls next to San Augustín. Three years later they opened a school at San Xavier Mission, followed a year later by the establishment of the St. Augustine’s Parochial School for Boys. — Map (db m69563) HM
Arizona (Pima County), Tucson — Convent Street
Named in 1869 for the convent located adjacent to San Augustín Cathedral. When the seven Sisters of St. Joseph of Carondelet finally arrived in 1870, they opened the city’s first parochial school for girls next to San Augustín. Three years later they opened a school at San Xavier Mission, followed a year later by the establishment of the St. Augustine’s Parochial School for Boys. — Map (db m69589) HM
Arizona (Pima County), Tucson — Convent Street
Named in 1869 for the convent located adjacent to San Augustín Cathedral. When the seven Sisters of St. Joseph of Carondelet finally arrived in 1870, they opened the city’s first parochial school for girls next to San Augustín. Three years later they opened a school at San Xavier Mission, followed a year later by the establishment of the St. Augustine’s Parochial School for Boys. — Map (db m69812) HM
Arizona (Pima County), Tucson — Corral Street
Named in the late 1860s for the location of the U.S. quartermaster’s corral where Camp Lowell’s military horses were held. The corral was located west of Camp Lowell near South Scott Avenue. — Map (db m69623) HM
Arizona (Pima County), Tucson — Council StreetMiltenberg Street
Although they share the same alignment, during Arizona's Territorial period, Council Street and Miltenberg Street were divided by Stone Avenue. The alignment between Stone Avenue and Meyer Street was named Council Street, in reference to Tucson's town council, while the alignment east of Stone Avenue was named Miltenberg Street, after German immigrant, bakery owner, and politician, Frank Miltenberg (b.1854 – d.1913). today, only Council Street remains. — Map (db m69635) HM
Arizona (Pima County), Tucson — Court Street
In 1856, Tucson’s presidio walls made navigating the local streets difficult. In an effort to circumvent the walls and avoid having to re-enter the presidio through the main gate, a section of the south wall was opened and Court Street was established, affording a direct route through the presidio. — Map (db m69632) HM
Arizona (Pima County), Tucson — Cushing Street
Named in 1872 for First Lieutenant Howard B. Cushing (b.1838- d.1871). During his early military career, Cushing participated in many notable Civil War battles, including Shiloh, Fredericksburg, Gettysburg and Hatcher’s Run. In 1871, while in pursuit of Apache leader Cochise, Lieutenant Cushing was killed by Apache Indians. — Map (db m69562) HM
Arizona (Pima County), Tucson — Franklin Avenue
Named in the 1870s after the military scout and surveyor, Charles Franklin (b. ca.1844-d.1924). In 1871, he served as a scout for General Crook, and a year later, helped Sidney W. Foreman complete the first formal survey of Tucson. “Charles Franklin” appears to have been an alias, and his real name was Albert Franklin Banta. — Map (db m69698) HM
Arizona (Pima County), Tucson — Granada Avenue
Its name derives from the Spanish word meaning “pomegranate.” The area between what is now Interstate-10 and Main Avenue once supported irrigated agricultural fields during Arizona’s Territorial period. — Map (db m69620) HM
Arizona (Pima County), Tucson — Granada Avenue
Its name derives from the Spanish word meaning “pomegranate.” The area between what is now Interstate-10 and Main Avenue once supported irrigated agricultural fields during Arizona’s Territorial period. — Map (db m69703) HM
Arizona (Pima County), Tucson — Honorable Frank Harris Hitchcock
This beautiful highway was made possible by his sincere interest and unceasing efforts. It is dedicated to him and shall be known as"Hitchcock Highway" — Map (db m30020) HM
Arizona (Pima County), Tucson — Jackson Street
Named in 1872 after John A Jackson (ca 1835-d.1870), a rancher and farmer who lived at the San Pedro settlement near Tucson. On 16 April 1870, he was ambushed and killed by Apache Indians as he return to his ranch. — Map (db m69588) HM
Arizona (Pima County), Tucson — Main AvenueCalle Real — El Camino Real
Originating during Mexico’s Spanish period, “Royal Road” connected Spain’s southern and northern territories. The route linked Mexico City, Guadalajara, Mazatlan, and Culiacan, Magdalena to Spain’s northern outposts. Eventually, Calle Real extended to Yuma, San Diego and San Francisco, remained the primary route linking Mexico and the United States. In 1872, the street name was changed to Main Avenue. — Map (db m69631) HM
Arizona (Pima County), Tucson — Main AvenueCalle Real — El Camino Real
Originating during Mexico’s Spanish period, “Royal Road” connected Spain’s southern and northern territories. The route linked Mexico City, Guadalajara, Mazatlan, and Culiacan, Magdalena to Spain’s northern outposts. Eventually, Calle Real extended to Yuma, San Diego and San Francisco, remaining the primary route linking Mexico and the United States. In 1872, the street name was changed to Main Avenue. — Map (db m70193) HM
Arizona (Pima County), Tucson — McCormick Street
Named during Arizona’s Territorial period after territorial delegate to Congress, Richard McCormick (b.1832 – d.1901). In the 1870s he sponsored legislative measures to reduce discrimination against Mexicans in the Arizona territory. With support of Governor Anson P.K. Safford, McCormick also helped establish Arizona’s first public school system. — Map (db m70212) HM
Arizona (Pima County), Tucson — Meyer StreetCallejon de las Flores
Originally named “Flower Alley” during Tucson’s Spanish period, its name was later changed to honor German-born soldier and politician, Charles H. Meyer (b.1829- d.1907). He came to Arizona with the US Army and settled in Tucson in 1858. While living in Tucson, he was the town druggist, a justice of the peace, and implemented chain gang labor to clean city streets. — Map (db m69592) HM
Arizona (Pima County), Tucson — Meyer StreetCallejón de las Flores
Originally named “Flower Alley” during Tucson’s Spanish period, its name was later changed to honor German-born soldier and politician, Charles H. Meyer (b.1829- d.1907). He came to Arizona with the US Army and settled in Tucson in 1858. While living in Tucson, he was the town druggist, a justice of the peace, and implemented chain gang labor to clean city streets. — Map (db m69696) HM
Arizona (Pima County), Tucson — Ochoa Street
Named during Arizona’s Territorial period to honor Estevan Ochoa (b.1831 – d.1888), whose ancestors arrived in Mexico with the Cortez expedition. He was born in Chihuahua, Mexico to a wealthy mining and ranching family. Before settling permanently in Tucson in 1860, he lived in Mesilla, New Mexico. He was a prominent Tucson businessman, politician, and philanthropist, helping fund the construction of the city’s first schools. — Map (db m70211) HM
Arizona (Pima County), Tucson — Pearl Street / Ott StreetCalle del Correo
Originally located between Granada Avenue and Church Street during Arizona's territorial period, "Post Office Street," was where postmaster and mayor, Mark Aldrich (b.1801 – d.1873) lived and worked. The southwestern half of the street was alternatively called Pearl Street after a madam who ran a brothel south of Pennington Street. In 1872, the name was changed to Ott Street to honor Sheriff Hylor Ott (b.1830-d.1881). — Map (db m70190) HM
Arizona (Pima County), Tucson — Pennington Footbridge
Memorial to Elias Pennington, pioneer rancher, farmer, miner, freighter and lumberman. In 1857, he came from Texas with his twelve children settling in various locations around southern Arizona for several years. Near this site, in 1863, Pennington set up a pit for whipsawing timber in the arroyo just south of the old presidio wall. Tragically, by 1870, Elias and five members of his family were dead – victims of the hardships and dangers of frontier life. "Calle del Arroyo" was later . . . — Map (db m26431) HM
Arizona (Pima County), Tucson — Pennington StreetCalle de la Misión — Calle del Arroyo
Named in the late 1600s after the route connecting Tucson’s Presidio with mission San Cosme de Tucson. The street was also called Calle del Arroyo, referencing the arroyo immediately south of the presidio walls. The street was renamed in 1871 to honor businessman and Arizona pioneer Elias Green Pennington (b.1809-d.1869) who used the arroyo for his saw-mill business. — Map (db m69816) HM
Arizona (Pima County), Tucson — Saint Mary’s RoadSeven Sisters Lane
Named in 1880 in reference to Arizona’s first hospital, Saint Mary’s Hospital. Established by the Sisters of Saint Joseph of Carondelet, the hospital housed 11 patients, four sister-nurses, and one doctor. — Map (db m70791) HM
Arizona (Pima County), Tucson — Scott Avenue
Named during Arizona’s Territorial period after businessman and Tucson pioneer, William F Scott (b.1831-d. ca.1914). In the 1870s, he operated a flour mill adjacent to his home at the corner of Main and McCormick (since demolished). — Map (db m69622) HM
Arizona (Pima County), Tucson — Scott Avenue
Named during Arizona’s Territorial period after businessman and Tucson pioneer, William F. Scott (b.1831-d. ca.1914). In the 1870s, he operated a flour mill adjacent to his home at the corner of Main and McCormick (since demolished). — Map (db m69817) HM
Arizona (Pima County), Tucson — Scott Avenue
Named during Arizona’s Territorial period after businessman and Tucson pioneer, William F Scott (b.1831-d. ca.1914). In the 1870s, he operated a flour mill adjacent to his home at the corner of Main and McCormick (since demolished). — Map (db m70214) HM
Arizona (Pima County), Tucson — Stone Avenue
Named during Arizona’s Territorial period for Colonel John Finkle Stone (b. ca.1836-d.1869). He was a colonel in the Union Army and owner of the first house on Stone Avenue at McCormick Street. Stone also operated a mine near Apache Pass, where he later died during an Apache attack. Between 1926 and 1990, Stone Avenue was part of U.S. Highways 80 and 89. — Map (db m69621) HM
Arizona (Pima County), Tucson — Stone Avenue
Named during Arizona’s Territorial period for Colonel John Finkle Stone (b. ca.1836-d.1869). He was a colonel in the Union Army and owner of the first house on Stone Avenue at McCormick Street. Stone also operated a mine near Apache Pass, where he later died during an Apache attack. Between 1926 and 1990, Stone Avenue was part of U.S. Highways 80 and 89. — Map (db m69700) HM
Arizona (Pima County), Tucson — Stone Avenue
Named during Arizona’s Territorial period for Colonel John Finkle Stone (b. ca.1836-d.1869). He was a colonel in the Union Army and owner of the first house on Stone Avenue at McCormick Street. Stone also operated a mine near Apache Pass, where he later died during an Apache attack. Between 1926 and 1990, Stone Avenue was part of U.S. Highways 80 and 89. — Map (db m69702) HM
Arizona (Pima County), Tucson — Toole Avenue
Named during Arizona’s Territorial period after Tucson’s mayor, Dr. James Toole (b.1824-d.1884). Before serving in politics, he acted as Adjutant General for the Arizona Territory. He was also a surgeon and later a banker. Upon collapse of his bank, Toole took his own life. — Map (db m69809) HM
Arizona (Pima County), Vail — Cienega BridgeBuilt 1921
Has been listed in the National Register of Historic Places By the United States Department of the Interior September 30, 1988 — Map (db m67763) HM
Arizona (Pima County), Vail — Vail Sonoita Highway
Located and constructed in 1918 by Lamar Cobb First State Engineer of Arizona Member of the Constitutional Convention Born 1870 -- Athens, Georgia Died 1926 -- Phoenix, Arizona Erected to his memory George P. Hunt – Governor — Map (db m27293) HM
Arizona (Pinal County), Eloy — Stage Station and Homestead
In 1879 the Southern Pacific Mail and Stage Line Company built a one-room adobe station and mesquite corral. It was a horse changing and water stop on the route from the railroad station at Picacho for passengers going to Florence and beyond. In 1913, rancher Juan Verdugo recorded it as a homestead; in 1917 he added a room and raised the roof. About the same time a ranch school was built to the north. In 1920, the property returned to the State. Later, area ranchers leased the land, using the . . . — Map (db m68220) HM
Arizona (Yavapai County), Ash Fork — Ash Fork Maintenance Camp #1
Built circa 1926-27 by the Arizona Department of Transportation This building constructed of Moenkopi Sandstone, has been listed on the National Register of Historic Places. The Ash Fork Camp location was selected because it is a junction point of the Old Trails and Grand Canyon-Nogales Highways leading south, and also a junction of the Santa Fe Railroad. Ash Fork Camp played a significant role maintaining Route 66 during the great westward migration. — Map (db m33443) HM
Arizona (Yavapai County), Camp Verde — "0" Mile Post General Crook Trail
The Crook Road begins at this point with the first in a series of mile markers across the Mogollon Rim segment of the military supply trail connecting Forts Whipple, Verde and Apache. Reconnoitered in 1871 by General George Crook with a small detachment of cavalry, the route was 100 miles shorter than earlier trails and opened the rugged Rim country to tactical operations. The Boy Scouts of America, Grand Canyon Council, re-marked the road in 1975-76 as a Bicentennial . . . — Map (db m28561) HM
Arizona (Yavapai county), Prescott — Simmons, Arizona
This is the site of ‘the crossing' on the Mojave-Prescott "Hardyville" toll road. The road was authorized by the first territorial legislature and was built by W. H. Hardy, connecting Prescott with Hardyville on the Colorado River. William John Simmons built a home, bar, hotel, dance hall, post office, store, corrals, blacksmith, and storage buildings here. — Map (db m72625) HM
Arizona (Yavapai County), Seligman — Beale Wagon RoadSeligman, Arizona
From 1857 to 1860 Lt. Edward F. Beale and a crew of 100 men built the first federal highway in the southwest. The 1857 Beale Expedition used 22 camels and dromedaries for pack animals. This road went from Fort Smith, Arkansas to Los Angeles, California at a cost of $210,000. The Beale Wagon Road was used by military troops and emigrants en route to California. Herds of cattle and sheep were driven over the route until 1883. Information compiled by Jack Beale Smith — Map (db m32206) HM
Arizona (Yuma County), Wellton — Red Top Wash Bridge
Constructed 1931, Widened 1949 Replaced 2009-2010 Federal Highway Administration Arizona State Highway Department Owner: Yuma County Designer: TransSystems Corporation Contractor: Bison Contracting Co. The Arizona State Highway Department placed a 4-span, 160 feet long, reinforced concrete T-beam bridge over Red Top Wash in 1931 as part of its efforts to improve the main road between Phoenix and Yuma. Its route approximates the old Gila Trail, a military and wagon road and the . . . — Map (db m62009) HM
Arizona (Yuma County), Yuma — El Camino Del Diablo(The Devils Highway)
Early day route from Sonora to California over the path taken by Father Eusebio Kino in 1700 when he sought to discover if California was part of the American mainland the parched desert along this route has claimed hundreds of lives particularly during the California Gold Rush of 1849. — Map (db m28968) HM
Arkansas (Baxter County), Mountain Home — Old Military Road
About 1800 near this spot white man established the first trail from East to West across Baxter County. Later some of the Cherokee Indians were moved to Oklahoma using this route which was known as the Trail of Tears. — Map (db m62248) HM
Arkansas (Benton County), Avoca — Sesquicentennial Trail of the CenturiesBenton County Arkansas Sesquicentennial Monument 1836 - 1986 — Arkansas Sesquicentennial 1836 - 1986
800 AD • Trace of the Rock People 1808 • Osage Boundary 1815 • Lawrence County 1827-28 • Lovely County 1838 • Trail of Tears 1840 • Trott's Stand 1858 • Old Wire Road 1858-61 • Butterfield Stage Route 1861 • Troop Trails 1862 • Civil War Earth Works 1882 • St. Louis and San Francisco Railroad 1896 • Birthplace of Field Kindley, WWI Ace 1913 • Coin Harvey's Ozark Trail 1926 • U.S. Highway 62 1956 • Poet Edsel Ford's "Sunday Creek" — Map (db m62485) HM
Arkansas (Benton County), Garfield — Lifeline for Two Armies
Elkhorn Tavern overlooks a highway of vital importance for Arkansas and Missouri during the Civil War. Union and Confederate leaders both wanted this 20-foot-wide dirt road to move men and supplies. Alongside the road ran 3-year-old telegraph wires, the latest way to send information and fast. In the week before battle broke out here, both armies had hurriedly marched southward past this crossroads and tavern. The night before the shooting started, Union troops from Missouri set up a small . . . — Map (db m35660) HM
Arkansas (Benton County), Lowell — The Butterfield Stagecoach RoadEstablished 1858
This marker, set on the Butterfield Stagecoach Road, is placed near the spot where the trail crossed the east-west road between Huntsville and the Robinson settlement in western Benton County. John Robinson, a Revolutionary soldier, settled here about 1837 and the "road to Robinson" was designated at this point as "Robinson Cross Roads". — Map (db m68781) HM
Arkansas (Benton County), Rogers — Cross Hollows
This site was donated to the Benton County Historical Society by Scarlett Biggs Wilson and Lara Wilson Rosenblum in honor of their parents/grandparents, Guy and Nell Biggs, early pioneers of the Cross Hollows area. Cross Hollows is recognized for its historical significance of: Confederate winter quarters in 1861, and Union staging area in 1862 before the Battle of Pea Ridge during the Civil War The Heritage Trail and the Butterfield Stage Coach Route The Cherokee Trail of Tears — Map (db m68789) HM
Arkansas (Clay County), St. Francis — Chalk Bluff Crossing and Town
Since Crowley's Ridge provided the only natural route for north-south travel across the lowlands of northeastern Arkansas, an Indian trail and later a military road crossed the river here. About 1840 Abraham Seitz established a ferry which was later operated by Timothy Dalton. The town which grew up near the crossing faded away after 1882 when the railroad bridged the river downstream at the new town of St. Francis. — Map (db m4912) HM
Arkansas (Grant County), Leola — Red River CampaignBattle of Jenkins' Ferry
Tablet #1 Jenkins' Ferry State Park Act 10 of 1961 authorized this 37-acre state park as a commemorative site and recreation area. The park includes the ferry site where you are standing. The ferry was operated by the Jenkins' family prior to the Civil War and aided travelers on the Camden Road - a major travel route in pioneer Arkansas. In April of 1864, this site gained Civil War fame. Retreating from Camden to the safety of Little Rock, the Union Army was attacked by Confederate . . . — Map (db m37304) HM
Arkansas (Washington County), Fayetteville — Butterfield Stage Route
This tablet marks a part of the Butterfield Stage Route from St. Louis to San Francisco 1857 – 1860 — Map (db m59888) HM
Arkansas (Washington County), Fayetteville — Will RogersTo The Memory Of
Whose heartfelt understanding of his fellowman made possible the planning of this avenue February 1931 — Map (db m59914) HM
Arkansas (Washington County), Springdale — Fitzgerald's Station
Here on this, the Old Wire Road, was located Fitzgerald's Station on the Butterfield Overland mail route from St. Louis to San Francisco. First trip 1858. Last 1861. Longest and best conducted mail route in the world. 2795 miles. Service twice weekly. Fare $200.00. Time 25 days. 140 stations for exchange of horses and passengers. — Map (db m59950) HM
California (Alameda County), Dublin — Amador Valley Hotel(Later the Dublin Hotel)
For 86 years a favorite congregating spot. Built by John Green in 1860, with a balcony over the porch and a gabled roof. A famous cross-roads stop and transfer point on the Oakland-Stockton and Martinez-San Jose stagecoach routes intil the 1890's and then for buses until demolished in January 1946. This marker stands on the site of the front doors. — Map (db m59944) HM
California (Alameda County), Emeryville — Key Route Terminal
This was the main terminal for the Key System Railway during World War II. The Shipyard Railway – also known as the “Pass the Ammunition” Railway – was built by the Key System for the United States Maritime Commission. In operation from 1943 through 1945, the railway was crucial in transporting workers to Richmond’s Kaiser Shipyard during wartime gasoline and tire rationing. — Map (db m72396) HM
California (Alameda County), Livermore — Duarte GarageBuilt 1915
Service Station and Car Dealership Situated on the Original Route of the Lincoln Highway ———————— City of Livermore Historic Preservation Site Dedicated July 1996 Operated by The Livermore Heritage Guild — Map (db m19994) HM
California (Alameda County), Oakland — Commemoration of Old Redwood Road from Redwood Canyon
Commemoration of Old Redwood Road from Redwood Canyon 1859 – 1867 Peralta Adobe Chapel incorporated In the home of George and Mary Coonan McCrea Oakland Chapter Sons of the American Revolution 7 October 1976 — Map (db m71735) HM
California (Alameda County), Oakland — El Camino Rancho San Antonio
About 1820, along this route ran the earliest known road from Mission San Jose over Rancho San Antonio to the ranchos north. Erected by Oakland Chapter, Daughters of the American Revolution, 1939 — Map (db m54112) HM
California (Alameda County), Oakland — Kennedy Tunnel
Opened in 1903, the timber-lined Kennedy Tunnel was the fast route between Oakland and Lafayette, saving four hours of driving around the San Pablo Reservoir. In 1914, it was wired for lights and renamed the Broadway Tunnel. In 1937, after the completion of the Caldecott Tunnel, the Kennedy Tunnel was closed to motor cars, allowing only foot, horses and two-wheeled traffic. In 1947, the timber lined tunnel was permanently closed due to repeated cave-ins and rising maintenance costs. It finally . . . — Map (db m71764) HM
California (Alpine County), Bear Valley — Old Emigrant Road
This Sierra Crossing used by Jedediah Smith 1821 - Major John Ebbetts 1850 - Snowshoe Thompson 1856-76 - Gold Seekers 1850's. Old road left Carson Pass Road in Hope Valley, crossed Border Ruffian Pass to Hermit Valley, Pacific Summit and through Bear Valley to Big Trees. Big Trees Carson Valley Turnpike Co. built toll road over Ebbetts Pass to Silver Mountain in 1860's. Harvey Blood collected tolls at this point from 1864-1910. — Map (db m10730) HM
California (Alpine County), Kirkwood — First Summit
Below this ridge is what some pioneers dubbed the “Devils Ladder.” A name reflecting the steepness and extreme difficulty that pioneers experienced as they began their ascent over the Sierra Nevada. This climb was usually referred to as the “first summit” or “three quarter mountain.” It was called “three quarter mountain” because it was only three quarters of a mile from Red Lake to the summit. A staging area was set up at the base of the . . . — Map (db m21284) HM
California (Alpine County), Kirkwood — 378 — Memorial to Pioneer Odd Fellows
At this point in August 1849, a group of Odd Fellows nearing their goal, the California gold mines, paused in their struggle up these granite walls to paint on this and adjacent boulders their names and the three links of the Great Order They so dearly loved. Pioneers of California Pioneers of the Brotherhood of Man We Salute You. Your bodies have blended with the dust of the West. Your spirit lives and inspires. Dedicated to their memory, by the Grand Lodge of California . . . — Map (db m21293) HM
California (Alpine County), Kirkwood — Naming of Carson Pass
In February of 1844, John C. Fremont led a group of men over these mountains as they struggled to reach Sutter’s Fort. Little did they know that the pass, which lay 20 to 30 feet under the snow beneath them, would be a major route for the Gold Rush in just a few years. Kit Carson, for whom the pass eventually be named, was among the group. Payroll records show that he was hired as a hunter and Indian Fighter and that Thomas Fitzpatrick was the official guide for the expedition. On this . . . — Map (db m21278) HM
California (Alpine County), Kirkwood — 661 — Old Emigrant Road
Here the Old Emigrant Road of 1848 swung down across the meadow now covered by Caples Lake (Twin Lakes) and climbed along the ridge at the right to the gap at the head of the valley. From this summit (9,460 feet) it descended to Placerville. This rough and circuitous section became obsolete in 1863 when a better route was blasted out of the face of the cliff at Carson Spur. California Registered Historical Landmark No. 661 Plaque placed by the California State Park Commission in . . . — Map (db m45025) HM
California (Alpine County), Markleeville — 318 — Ebbetts PassHistorical Landmark
Named after Major John Ebbett and pointed out in 1853 to surveyor G.H. Goodard who referred to it as a “route of great promise – probably the best one for a transcontinental railway.” No emigrant train used this route but a stage road was completed here in 1864 to serve mining region of Silver City. — Map (db m11444) HM
California (Alpine County), Markleeville — Hermit ValleyHistorical Landmark
In 1856 a road was completed following the present sign route 4 from Murphys to this point, and thence northward via Faith and Charity Valleys to Hope Valley where it joined the Carson Pass Road. This connection was used by emigrants in 1856 and 1857. Remnants of the route are still visable to the north of this sign and along State Route 4 to the west. — Map (db m10316) HM
California (Alpine County), Woodfords — The Pony Express - Woodfords
During the initial five weeks of its operation in 1860, an important remount station of the famous Pony Express was located a few feet from here at Cary’s Barn. This monument erected by the Historical Society of Alpine County. National Pony Express Centennial Association; Dwight D. Eisenhower—Chairman, Waddell R. Smith—President, Sherrill Halbert—Director at Large. — Map (db m612) HM
California (Alpine County), Woodfords — 805 — Woodfords Station
Historic Woodfords Station, the Eastern Sierra gateway to the goldfields of California, way station of the famed Pony Express, and entrance to Carson Pass on the Emigrant Trail to the Sacramento Valley. Beginning in 1849 with the building of the “Sign of the Elephant” hotel by Daniel Woodsfords, it was the first settlement in what is today Alpine County. In 1854 Willis P. Merrill opened a trading post in the area and later a hotel and store. Dedicated in truth, liberty and . . . — Map (db m611) HM
California (Amador County), Kit Carson — Mormon-Carson Pass Emigrant Trail
Mormon-Carson Pass Emigrant Trail, the heavily-travelled gateway to California gold fields, was blazed in 1848 by discharged members of the Mormon battalion traveling east to join their families. Five hundred Mormon volunteers, recruited in Iowa, served one year in the Army of the West under command of Col. P. St. George Cooke during the war with Mexico. After their discharge in Los Angeles in July 1847, about 100 men worked in the Sacramento area for John Sutter over the winter to obtain . . . — Map (db m10824) HM
California (Amador County), Kit Carson — Peddler Hill Overlook
This marker is made up of three separate panels. [Panel 1:] The Road From a narrow dirt wagon road to a scenic byway, the Carson Route has evolved over time to meet the needs of generations of travelers and our changing means of transportation. 1844 - On their way to Sutter’s Fort in Sacramento, John C. Fremont and Kit Carson, followed and ancient Indian trading route over Carson Pass. 1848 - Discharged members of the Mormon Battalion crossed the route from . . . — Map (db m45050) HM
California (Amador County), Kit Carson — 338 — Tragedy SpringNo 338 — Erected 1967
This campsite on the Kit Carson Emigrant Trail was a resting place for California settlers. It was named by members of the Mormon Battalion enroute to Salt Lake Valley. Three of their men, serving as advance trail scouts, were murdered here by unknown persons June 27, 1848. Battalion friends, arriving a few days later, buried them in a common grave and carved their names (Henderson Cox, Ezra Allen, Daniel Browett) on a nearby tree, thus preserving the grave’s location. — Map (db m21273) HM
California (Amador County), Martell — To The Memory of Mike ToveyWells Fargo Messenger
Michael (“Mike”) Tovey, Wells Fargo Messenger was killed and DeWitt Clinton Radcliff, stage driver injured on this spot, June 15, 1893, by a lone bandit who attempted to hold up the regular six-horse stage on the old Ione - Jackson Stage Road. A line of stages was established in 1850, running between Sacramento and Sonora via Q Ranch (near Ione) Jackson, Mokelumne Hill, Angels and Columbia. Over $256,000,000 in gold bullion is said to have been carried in the early days over . . . — Map (db m41555) HM
California (Amador County), Plymouth — Forest Home1850's — Stage and Freight Stopover
Copper mines patented 1873: Peak Outputs: Early 1860’s, 1895-1917, 1943-1947, Township organized 1854. A Methodist center for many years U.S. Postoffice: 1862-1905 — Map (db m11361) HM
California (Butte County), Berry Creek — B047 — Beckworth Trail – Berry Creek
“We left here at half past four intending to go as far as Bidwell Bar. We passed on a bridge which crosses a pond made by damming a stream for the purpose of running (a) sawmill which is situated here” – James Woodworth, Aug. 19, 1853 — Map (db m61682) HM
California (Butte County), Forest Ranch — 14 Mile House
In June, 1864, the Chico and Humboldt Wagon Road Company began to construct a road to connect Chico with the Idaho mines. A toll station for the Chico and Humboldt Wagon Road stood nearby to the left. A Georgian, Nick Spires, is said to have built the first accommodation here on the rim of Little Chico Creek Canyon for travelers and their livestock. The name longest associated with the popular inn is Paul Lucas, who bought the land from Spires. His son John built a fine two-story hotel. A . . . — Map (db m61766) HM
California (Calaveras County), Angels Camp — Archie D. Stevenot“Mr. Mother Lode”
September 25, 1882 – August 1, 1968 Founder of Mother Lode Association in 1919, which created colorful Highway 49 – California’s first highway association. Plaque and 100 year capsules placed on July 23, 1976 by Golden Chain Council of the Mother Lode and Grand Council of E Clampus Vitus — Map (db m6876) HM
California (Calaveras County), Avery — Avery HotelFormerly Half-Way House
Hotel and stagecoach relay station, halfway between Murphys and Big Trees. Settled in the 1850’s by Joseph and Sarah Goodell. Purchased by Peter Avery, then operated by three generations of Averys - Peter and Nancy, George and Henrietta and Morton and Louise. Overnight stops for logging, freight teams and stockmen with herds to and from summer ranges. Later a resort for guests, hunting and fishing parties. — Map (db m10615) HM
California (Calaveras County), Copperopolis — Copperopolis Historical Plaza
(There are five markers and one dedication plaque affixed to the flagpole pedestal.) History of Copperopolis Copper (for ore) + opolos (for city) Originally known as Copper Canyon, Copperopolis was established in 1860 when copper was discovered here. Known as “Copper” to the locals, Copperopolis was a thriving copper mining town during the Civil War and the second largest copper producing area in the U.S. and provided most of the copper needs for the Union Army. . . . — Map (db m62356) HM
California (Calaveras County), Copperopolis — 281 — O'Bryne Ferry
In 1852 a chain cable bridge replaced the ferries that once crossed here, to be supplanted in its turn by a covered truss structure in 1862. Some writers claimed this was the locale of Bret Harte's Poker Flat. In late “49” there was a large camp here, with miners washing gold out on both banks of the Stanislaus River. — Map (db m13013) HM
California (Calaveras County), Dorrington — Board's Crossing
Board’s Crossing was first used as a cattle crossing in the early 1870’s. Brothers David and William Board moved here from Missouri in 1854. They settled in Salt Springs Valley and raised cattle. This shallow ford across the river was a favorite with local ranchers as the cattle were moved to the mountains each summer. The family built their small cabin here, which still stands. The Boards continued this operation for nearly 30 years then sold to the pioneer family Nichols in 1906. Dedicated . . . — Map (db m58791) HM
California (Calaveras County), San Andreas — 258 — Fourth Crossing
Located on the Stockton-Murphy Road at the fourth crossing of the Calaveras River, this early mining settlement, once called Foremans, was famous in the 1850's for its rich placer ores. Later, it became an important stage and freighting depot and served the Southern Mines until after the turn of the century. — Map (db m11969) HM
California (Contra Costa County), Clayton — Black Diamond Way
In 1892 Contra Costa County named Black Diamond Way, and maintained it as a road until 1982. (Locally it was also known as "Nortonville Road".) Black Diamond Way became part of Black Diamond Mt. Diablo Regional Trail in 1985. Black Diamond District coal mines operated from 1861 until circa 1900. Between 1867 and 1883 they produced over 100,000 tons annually. Coal was hauled to river landings by teams and rail. Miners and families from Mt. Diablo coalfield towns crossed Mt. Diablo Creek . . . — Map (db m27431) HM
California (El Dorado County), Coloma — 748 — The Coloma Road
Here in the Valley of the Cul-lum-mah Indians, James W. Marshall discovered gold on January 24, 1848, in the tailrace of Sutter’s sawmill. The Old Coloma Road, opened in 1847 from Sutter’s Fort to Coloma, was used by Marshall to carry the news of the discovery to Captain John A. Sutter. During the Goldrush it was used by thousands of miners going to and from the diggings. In 1849 it became the route of California’s first stage-line, established by James E. Birch. — Map (db m12272) HM
California (El Dorado County), El Dorado — 486 — El Dorado
El Dorado, meaning “The Gilded One”, was first known as Mud Springs from the boggy quagmire the cattle and horses made of a nearby watering place. Originally a important camp along the old Carson Emigrant Trail. By 1849 – 50 it had become the center of a mining district and the crossroads for freight and stage lines. At the height of the Rush its large gold production supported a population of several thousand. — Map (db m13148) HM
California (El Dorado County), El Dorado Hills — 699 — Mormon TavernOverland Pony Express Route - California
At this site on the old Clarksville-White Rock Emigrant Road was Mormon Tavern. Constructed in 1849, this popular stage stop was enlarged and operated by Franklin Winchell in 1851. It became a remount station of the Central Overland Pony Express and on April 4, 1860, pony rider Sam (Bill) Hamilton changed horses here on the first eastbound trip. — Map (db m12056) HM
California (El Dorado County), El Dorado Hills — SterlingshireHistorical Site
The Central Overland Pony Express passed this site many times. Green Valley Road was the gateway to the gold region, and was the center of activities in the 1850’s & 60’s, where many early California Inns were located. In the late 1800’s a stagecoach, driven by 13 year old Fred Dixon, a member of the Dixon family who were former owners of the property, also passed this way. — Map (db m11311) HM
California (El Dorado County), Kyburz — 705 — Moore’s (Riverton)
This was the site of a change station of the Pioneer Stage Company in the 1850’s and 1860’s. During 1860-1861, the Central Overland Pony Express maintained here the first pony remount station east of Sportsman’s Hall. — Map (db m57977) HM
California (El Dorado County), Kyburz — Riverton Bridge
These stone obelisks are all that’s left of the original four that once stood on the corners of the stone arch bridge spanning the American River from 1900 to 1930. This monument erected by Caltrans District 3 History Committee and the California Transportation Commission, 1990. — Map (db m23183) HM
California (El Dorado County), Kyburz — 706 — Webster’s(Sugar Loaf House)
This was the site of Webster's Sugar Loaf House, well-known stopping place during the Comstock rush. Beginning in April 1860, it was used as a remount station of the Central Overland Pony Express. In 1861 it became a horse change station for pioneer stage companies and the Overland Mail. — Map (db m14177) HM
California (El Dorado County), Placerville — Placerville
. . . — Map (db m16024) HM
California (El Dorado County), Placerville — 701 — Placerville Pony ExpressStation and Terminus
Gold Rush town and Western Terminus of the Placerville – Carson Road to the Comstock. Placerville was a relay station of the Central Overland Pony Express, April 4, 1860 – June 30, 1861. Here on April 4, 1860 the first east-bound pony rider, William (Sam) Hamilton changed horses, added one express letter to his mochila, and sped away for Sportsman’s Hall. On July 1, 1861, Placerville became the Western Terminus of the Pony Express, until its discontinuance on October 26, 1861. — Map (db m57973) HM
California (El Dorado County), Pollack Pines — The Pony Express - Sportsman’s Hall
California’s only Home Station where riders changed on the Pony Express trail. Here, at 8:01 A.M. on April 4, 1860, Sam Hamilton, first eastbound rider, was relieved by Warren Upson who carried the initial mail over the then storm swept Sierras. Sacramento — Friday’s — Salt Lake City — Ft. Laramie — Julesburg — Ft. Kearny — Marysville — St. Joseph. — Map (db m613) HM
California (El Dorado County), Pollock Pines — 704 — Sportsman’s Hall
This was the site of Sportsman’s Hall, also known as Twelve-Mile House. The hotel operated in the late 1850’s and 1860’s by John and James Blair, a stopping place for stages and teams of the comstock. It became a relay station of the Central Overland Pony Express. Here, at 7:40 A.M., April 4, 1860, Pony Rider William (Sam) Hamilton, riding in from Placerville, handed the express mail to Warren Upson, who, two minutes later, sped on his way eastward. California Registered Historical . . . — Map (db m609) HM
California (El Dorado County), Rescue — Old Coloma Road
With the discovery of gold on January 24, 1848, Coloma Road became one of the primary routes to the gold fields of El Dorado County. The road started at Sutter’s Fort (New Helvitia), then proceeded to Willow Springs (near Folsom), Mormon Island, Green Valley (near Rescue), Rose Springs, turned north at Tennessee Creek, crossed Dry Creek and then Weber Creek, and continued on to Coloma. Soon thereafter, a connection to Uniontown (Lotus) was built and the present-day general road alignment for Green Valley Road and Lotus Roads completed. — Map (db m11282) HM
California (El Dorado County), Rescue — 747 — The Coloma Road
Past this point on the Old Coloma Road, running between Sutter’s Fort and his sawmill on the American River, James W. Marshall rode with the first gold discovered at Coloma on Jan. 24, 1848. Traveled by thousands to and from the diggings, this road became the route of California’s earliest stage line, established in 1849 by James E. Birch. — Map (db m11268) HM
California (El Dorado County), South Lake Tahoe — Tahoe By CarAutomotive Adventures
Imagine what an adventure it must have been for Tahoe’s early motorists. Traveling in open-air Model Ts and Oldsmobiles, vacationers began driving as roads connected the Lake’s recreation spots. Completed in 1913, a rough road around Emerald Bay linked Tahoe’s south and west shores. Today the highway is known as Highway 89. Workers spent months dynamiting the route out of granite to complete the road. A popular steamer excursion brought vacationers to the bay to witness the rocks being . . . — Map (db m35112) HM
California (El Dorado County), Strawberry — 707 — Strawberry Valley House
This popular resort and stopping place for stages and teams of the Comstock, established by Swift and Watson in 1856, became a remount station of the Central Overland Pony Express on April 4, 1860. Here on that date division superintendent Bolivar Roberts waited with a string of mules to help pony rider Warren Upson through the snowstorm on Echo Summit. California Registered Historical Landmark No. 707 — Map (db m436) HM
California (Fresno County), Clovis — 9 — Academy
One Quarter mile NW of here in a grove of oak tress on the south bank of Dog Creek was established "The Academy" in 1872. It was the first secondary school in Fresno County. J.D. Collins, later Sheriff was the first teacher. Just easterly of The Academy stood the small M. E. South Church built in 1869, and still in use. The stage route from Visalia to Millerton passed nearby and soon a small village sprang up including a hotel, store, stables, and a Post Office to which the name "Academy" . . . — Map (db m28014) HM
California (Fresno County), Coalinga — Bob’s 76 Service296 E. Elm Street – 1939-1960 — “Bob’s 76 Service, Robert Schatt, owner”
Mr. Robert “Bob” Schatt purchased a lot at this location in 1938. The lot was bought from a Mr. Tom Glenchur for the purpose of building a “Union Oil” service station. Bob opened the station in 1939. During World War II, Bob wouldn’t drive his own car so he could save his ration stamps for the G.I.’s to use when they came home on leave. Bob ran the service station with the help of his daughter “Anna Louise” until his death in 1950. — Map (db m64161) HM
California (Fresno County), Coalinga — Richfield Service Station
R.C. Baker Memorial Museum Richfield Service Station Built in Coalinga On the corner of Fifth and Glenn St. 1934 Restored in 2003 Moved to this location 2004 Restored by Wayne James and The R.C. Baker Museum Plaque donated by Vincent and Lois Motte Family Trust — Map (db m63890) HM
California (Fresno County), Firebaugh — 10 — Andrew Davidson Firebaugh - Firebaugh's Ferry
Andrew Davidson Firebaugh was born in Virginia in 1823. He served with the Texas Mounted Riflemen in the Mexican War. Coming to Californian in 1849, he fought in the Mariposa Indian War under Major James D. Savage on the expedition that discovered Yosemite in 1854. He established a trading post and ferry on the San Joaquin River one quarter mile due north of here. Known as Firebaugh's Ferry, it was a station on the great Butterfield Overland Stage Route. He built the first road over Pacheco . . . — Map (db m28015) HM
California (Fresno County), Humphreys Station — Humphrey Station
This site was originally called Mechanicsville, gradually changing to Humphrey Station after Miles Humphreys' store. Miles Humphreys came to California to join his brother John after the Civil War and saw an opportunity by opening his store at this crossroads. Although not an official stage stop, the Butterfield Stage dropped off passengers at Humphrey's store to get "refreshed". Passengers included for the most part working class men from the lumber industry. Thus, Humphreys is the only . . . — Map (db m28272) HM
California (Fresno County), Reedley — 29 — Poole's FerrySmith's Ferry
Side A - North Poole's Ferry Most important of Kings River's earliest crossings, it was operated from 1851 - 1857 by William Campbell and John Poole 3 miles above this point. The ferry and its trading post served travelers and miners. In July, 1852, it became the focus of violence when an armed party led by Walter Harvey, Tulare County's first judge, raided a Choinumni Yocuts Indian Village. Yosemite discoverer Major James D. Savage, famed Indian trader and peacemaker, tried . . . — Map (db m28844) HM
California (Fresno County), Tollhouse — 11 — Tollhouse
In the early 60's Elijah Sarvers, a solitary goatherd, was the first non-Indian here. In 1866 the Woods Bros. began making shakes on Pine Ridge, hiring Indians to carry them down the mountain. In 1867 the county granted them a franchise to build a toll road and fixed the rates. As more mills sprang up a village grew around the toll house. The county bought the road in 1878 and its use became free. It was so steep that despite the great skill of the long line teamsters, an occasional outfit . . . — Map (db m28016) HM
California (Humboldt County), Eureka — Harold G Larsen / Vista Point
1925 — 1972 Hal, a native of San Diego, was graduated from San Diego State College with a degree in Civil Engineering, and subsequently started work with the California Division of Highways in that area. As a person dedicated to serving the needs of others, Hal served as a Planning Commissioner with the Walnut Creek Planning Commission, was instrumental in formation of the Humboldt County United Crusade, was an active member of the Calvary Lutheran Church, the Eureka Rotary . . . — Map (db m1556) HM
California (Humboldt County), Patrick's Point — William Z. Hegy1915 - 1986
A native of Plunkett, Saskatchewan, Canada. Graduated from Stanford University with a degree in Civil Engineering, began work with the Division of Highways in 1936. He worked in many positions and locations throughout his career, becoming State Maintenance Engineer prior to serving as Caltrans District Director in Eureka. He was active in the community as President of the Eureka Rotary Club and the United Way; commissioner of the Boy Scouts of America; Board Chairman of Humboldt Area . . . — Map (db m1509) HM
California (Humboldt County), Redcrest — Sam Helwer1913 – 1991
Sam Helwer, the son of German-Russian immigrants, began his life on a small dairy farm in Russell, Kansas. In 1936 he began his career with the California Division of Highways as an Engineering Aide. By the 1940's he was Project Engineer for the world's first four-level freeway interchange in Los Angeles; and became nationally recognized as State expert on freeway interchange design. Although eventually promoted to Deputy State Highway Engineer, Sam Helwer is best remembered for his leadership . . . — Map (db m1558) HM
California (Imperial County), Jacumba — 194 — Mountain Springs Station Site
From 1862-70, Peter Larkin and Joe Stancliff used a stone house about a mile north of here as a store from which ox teams pulled wagons up a 30% grade. The San Diego and Fort Yuma Turnpike Co. used the site as a toll road station until 1876. The crumbling house was replaced in 1917 by another still visible to its east. But road changes, beginning in 1878 and culminating in today's highway, have left the older stone house ruins inaccessible. — Map (db m50232) HM
California (Imperial County), Winterhaven — Ben Hulse HighwayDedicated for Public Use — March 21, 1964
This highway parallels the old Indian trail, still visible from here, connecting the Imperial and Palo Verde Valleys. The grateful people of Imperial County honor the memory of our beloved Senator Ben Hulse, who worked untiringly for the people of the State of California. Ben Hulse Highway completes the four state system from Canada to Mexico which culminates twenty five years of work by countless civic minded citizens. — Map (db m57702) HM
California (Imperial County), Winterhaven — 845 — Plank Road1914 - 1927
This unique plank road seven miles long was the only mens early motorists had for crossing the treacherous Imperial Sand Dunes. The eight by twelve foot sections were moved with a team of horses whenever the shifting sands covered portions of the road. Double sections were placed at intervals to permit vehicles to pass. — Map (db m50682) HM
California (Imperial County), Winterhaven — The Plank RoadPlanks, Mules, and Model Ts
The Plank Road once provided the only means of crossing the treacherous Imperial Sand Dunes. This historic road spurred settlement of Imperial County and development of San Diego at the start of the automobile age. — Map (db m50618) HM
California (Inyo County), Big Pine — Westgaard Pass Toll Road
Camp Independence soldiers needed a road to Waucoba-Deep Springs. In 1873 J. S. "Scott" Broder completed this road and collected tolls until 1900. In 1913 A. L. Westgaard led an American Automobile Assn. tour across here, seeking a new Transcontinental Route, state took over road in 1925. — Map (db m54425) HM
California (Inyo County), Cartago — "Cottonwood Charcoal Kilns"
[Upper Main Marker:] In June 1873 Colonel Sherman Stevens built a sawmill and flume on Cottonwood Creek high in the Sierra’s directly west of this spot. The flume connected with the Los Angeles Bullion Road. The lumber from the flume was used for timbering in the mines, and buildings, and the wood was turned into charcoal in these kilns, then hauled to Stevens Wharf east of here on Owens Lake. There it was put on the steamer, The "Bessie Brady," or the "Molly Stevens" hauled . . . — Map (db m52104) HM
California (Inyo County), Furnace Creek — 20 Mule Team Wagon Train1885
Used in hauling borax from Death Valley to Mojave, 165 miles - 10 days. The borax weighed 24 tons. The entire weight totaled 36½ tons. — Map (db m32077) HM
California (Inyo County), Furnace Creek — 442 — Death Valley 49ers Gateway
Through this natural gateway the Death Valley Forty-niners. More than one hundred emigrants from the middle west seeking a shortcut to gold fields of central California, entered Death Valley in December,1849. All suffered from thirst and starvation. Two contingents went southwest from here, the others proceeded northward seeking an escape from region. — Map (db m31911) HM
California (Kern County), Bakersfield — Cook Wagon
During the 1880s, this wagon was used by a cook as a portable kitchen to prepare meals for field hands employed by the Kern County Land Company. The wagon is equipped with a pantry for storing vegetables and bread, a sink, a work space with bins for flour and sugar and a room to hang meat. The Kern County Land Company, founded by Lloyd Tevis and James Ben Ali Haggin, once owned vast expanses of land in Kern County. The Kern County Land Company donated this cook wagon, . . . — Map (db m26973) HM
California (Kern County), Bakersfield — 137 — Gordons FerryCalifornia Historic Landmark
Gordon’s Ferry was an overhead cable type of ferry operated during the 1850’s by Major Gordon. An adobe station house was located on the south bank of Kern River, just a few yards to the west of this marker. It was also a station on the Butterfield Overland mail stage route from 1858 to 1860. — Map (db m25149) HM
California (Kern County), Bakersfield — 588 — Kern River Slough
Just south of this point stood the Butterfield Overland Stage site known as Kern River Slough. Operating through present Kern County during 1858 – 1861. This famous line ran from St. Louis, Missouri to San Francisco until the outbreak of the Civil War. Dedicated June 30, 1957 Marker placed by Kern County Historical Society El Tejon Parlor No. 239 N.D.G.W. Kern County Museum State Registered Historical Landmark No. 588 Re-dedicated Oct. 6, 1996 — Map (db m24946) HM
California (Kern County), Bakersfield — 539 — Posey Station of Butterfield Overland Mail Lines
Two and one-half miles east of this point stood the Posey Station on the Butterfield Overland Stage route that ran from St. Louis, Missouri through present-day Kern County to San Francisco during 1858-61, until the outbreak of the Civil War. — Map (db m25444) HM
California (Kern County), Boron — Twenty Mule Team
This is one of the original twenty mule team wagons, built to carry borax out of Death Valley – through 165 miles of desolated mountains and blistering deserts – to the nearest railroad junction in Mojave. It took 20 days to make the round trip and deliver 20 tons of borax. The teams worked steadily from 1883 to 1888. — Map (db m50450) HM
California (Kern County), Buttonwillow — 492 — Buttonwillow TreeCalifornia Historical Landmark
A lone tree landmark on an old trans-valley trail. It was an ancient Yokuts Indian meeting place, later a location for white stock rodeos. Miller and Lux established their headquarters and store here about 1885. The town of Buttonwillow takes its name from this old tree and rodeo grounds. — Map (db m50251) HM
California (Kern County), California City — The Randsburg - Mojave Road
The Randsburg Mojave Road was built by Rice & Shippee of Mojave to speed stage transportation from the Southern Pacific railroad station at Mojave, to the rich gold mines in the Randsburg area; service commenced on November 22, 1898. The stage left Mojave at 9 o’clock and arrived at Randsburg at 2 o’clock, just five hours after leaving Mojave. This new route was only 36 miles, versus the 54-mile (and eight hour) route through Garlock. The cost of a one-way ticket was three dollars. The . . . — Map (db m48893) HM
California (Kern County), Edison — 660 — Point On The Jedediah Smith Trail
About February 1, 1827, Jedediah Strong Smith, first American to reach Mexican California overland, passed near this spot with his party of fur trappers. From San Gabriel Mission, the group was en route north to a land reported teeming with 'plenty of beaver.' Smith and his men were trailblazers whose exploits soon led to the American conquest of California.

 — Map (db m51855) HM
California (Kern County), Frazier Park — El Camino Viejo
El Camino Viejo (The Old Highway) began as an inland trail prior to 1800. It was originally a refugee route running between present day San Pedro in Southern California to the East Oakland area in the north. It was used by Indians, trappers, packers, prospectors, and settlers. Cattle and horse herds were also driven over it. In later years it became a wagon road. — Map (db m52115) HM
California (Kern County), Glennville — Lynn’s Bull Road
William Lynn completed his Bull Road past this site from Linn’s Valley across Greenhorn Mountain to Keyesville in 1856. This freight route was used until the opening of the McFarlane Toll Road through Glennville en route to the Kern River Mines in 1864. — Map (db m25196) HM
California (Kern County), Havilah — Stage Robbery!
The last stage coach robbery in Kern County occurred near here on August 26, 1896. The Kernville stage to Caliente was held-up by a lone gunman on horseback who got $1,700 in coin and gold bullion from the Wells Fargo strong box. He did not molest the passengers, however, although the local citizens searched doggedley, the loot was never recovered nor the bandit ever apprehended, as a result of the stick up, the route was discontinued, thus ending an era. — Map (db m51822) HM
California (Kern County), Inyokern — 766 — Freeman Junction
In 1834 explorer Joseph R. Walker passed this junction of Indian trails after discovering nearby Walker Pass. Death Valley 49er parties here diverged west and south after their escape from Death Valley enroute to the California gold fields. Later this became a junction point where the bandit Tiburcio Vasquez preyed on stages and freighters traveling between the Kern River mines and Los Angeles and the mines of Bodie and the Panamints. — Map (db m50244) HM
California (Kern County), Lebec — Camel Trail TerminusFort Tejon
Jefferson Davis, “Father of National Highways,” as Secretary of War 1853-57 sponsored the importation of 33 camels for transporting military supplies to the west coast. The camel trail survey ran from San Antonio, Texas to Fort Tejon which marks the western terminus, part of the Jefferson Davis Highway. The army camel corps arrived at this fort in November, 1857, with Lt. Edward F. Beale in command. Erected by California Division, United Daughters of the Confederacy May 11, 1956 — Map (db m32823) HM
California (Kern County), Mettler — 540 — Sinks of the Tejon
Six miles east of this point was the site of the Butterfield Stage Line station Sinks of Tejón. Operating through present Kern County during 1858-61, this famous line ran from St. Louis, Missouri to San Francisco until the outbreak of the Civil War. — Map (db m51679) HM
California (Kern County), Mojave — 652 — Mojave 20-Mule Team Borax Terminus
Just west of this point was the Southern Pacific terminus for the 20-mule-team borax wagons that operated between Death Valley and Mojave from 1884 to 1889. The route ran from the Harmony Borax Mining Company works, later acquired by the Pacific Coast Borax Company, to the railroad loading dock in Mojave over 165 miles of mountain and desert trail. A round trip required 20 days. The ore wagons, which hauled a payload of 24 tons, were designed by J. W. S. Perry, Borax Company superintendent in . . . — Map (db m11928) HM
California (Kern County), Onyx — 99 — Walker's Pass
Discovered by Joseph R. Walker, American trail-blazer who left the San Joaquin Valley through this pass in 1834. This area was traversed by topographer Edward M. Kern, after whom the Kern River was named, while accompanying the Fremont expedition of 1845. After 1860 it became a mining freight route to Owens Valley. — Map (db m71071) HM
California (Kern County), Rosamond — 130 — Willow SpringsCalifornia Historical Landmark
Visited by Padre Garces (1776) while following Old Horse Thief Trace later known as Joe Walker Trail. Fremont stopped here (1844). The famished Jayhawk Party (1850) found water here while struggling from Death Valley to Los Angeles. Still later was station on Los Angeles – Havilah and Inyo Stage Lines. Dedicated April 1, 1951 — Map (db m50248) HM
California (Kern County), Rosamond — 130 — Willow SpringsCalifornia Historical Landmark
Willow Springs was a stage station on the Los Angeles-Havilah Stage Lines, 1864-1874. From here light traffic went through Oak Creek Pass via Tehachapi to Havilah and Kernville; heavy traffic went northwest to the Inyo mines, or via Jawbone Canyon to the South Fork of the Kern; hence to the Kern mines. Dedicated June 6, 1937 — Map (db m50249) HM
California (Kern County), Tehachapi — 97 — Oak Creek PassCalifornia Historical Landmark
Father Francisco Garces used the Oak Creek Pass in 1776 to return to the Mojave after exploring the San Joaquin Valley, as did Fremont in 1844-45. Until the building of the railroad through the Tehachapi Pass in 1876, Oak Creek Pass was the only route used through the Tehachapi Mountains. — Map (db m50250) HM
California (Lake County), Middletown — 467 — Old Bull Trail Road and St. Helena Toll Road
The Old Bull Trail Road ran from Napa Valley to Middletown. It was built by volunteers in the 1850’s. A number of grades were 35 percent. It was an official road in 1861 and abandoned in 1868. St. Helena Toll Road also ran from same points. Was completed in 1868. The grades ran to 12 percent. State of California purchased from John Lawley heirs in 1925. — Map (db m11989) HM
California (Lake County), Upper Lake — The Livery Stable
This was one of three livery stables in Upper Lake in the 1880's. As far back as 1870, Upper Lake was the terminus of both the Cloverdale and Clearlake stage lines, bringing tourists to the famous mineral waters of Witter Springs, Saratoga Springs and the Blue Lake resorts. Before Highway 20 went through in the late 1920's, the Bartlett Springs-Colusa Road connected Lake County to the Sacramento Valley. Highway 20 was originally called the Tahoe-Ukiah Route. Because of the terrain, old . . . — Map (db m48989) HM
California (Lassen County), Litchfield — 677 — Noble Emigrant Trail
This route was first used in 1852 by emigrants to Northern California seeking to avoid the hardships of the Lassen Trail. It crossed the desert from the Humbolt River in Nevada, passed this point, and proceeded over the mountains to the town of Shasta. Later, 1859-1861, it was known as the Ft. Kearney, South Pass and Honey Lake Wagon Road. From this point Peter Lassen and J.C. Bruff on October 4, 1850, saw Honey Lake while on an expedition hunting for Gold Lake. — Map (db m10269) HM
California (Lassen County), Susanville — Birth of Peter Lassen
“Peter Lassen was born on October 31, 1800 in Farum, Denmark. At the time Farum was a small village about 15 miles northwest of Copenhagen. Peter was a son of humble parents. His mother was Johanne Sophie Westergaard and his father was Lars Nielson. In the church records Lars Nielson was called farm laborer, day laborer or smallholder. “As it will be seen, Peter’s family name was not Lassen. His father was called Lars Nielson – and it was in honor of him that Peter was . . . — Map (db m14179) HM
California (Lassen County), Susanville — Migration of Peter Lassen
“We do not know the exact date on which Peter Lassen arrived in America. Let us suppose that he landed in the early spring of 1831. Most reports say that Lassen arrived in Boston, Massachusetts. Also his passport had Boston written as the destination. Besides, this town was at that time one of the most important immigrant gateways. “In Boston, Lassen got his first impression of his newly adopted country, America. He must of felt confused by hearing all the different tongues: . . . — Map (db m31741) HM
California (Lassen County), Susanville — 675 — Noble Emigrant Trail
This meadow, now a city park, was a welcome stopping place on the Noble Emigrant Trail, pioneered by William H. Nobles in 1851 and first used in 1852. Here, emigrants en route to the Northern California mines were able to rest, refresh their stocks, and obtain provisions at Isaac Roop's establishment, from which grew the city of Susanville. — Map (db m10268) HM
California (Lassen County), Westwood — 678 — Lassen Emigrant Trail
Through this draw passed many covered wagons and gold seekers enroute to California over the Lassen Trail during 1848-1851. Approaching this location from the north, the trail passed what is now Bogard Ranger Station. Proceeding southward to Big Springs and Big Meadows (now Lake Almanor), it then turned westward to Deer Creek, which it followed generally to Vina in the Sacramento Valley. California Registered Historical Landmark No. 678 Plaque placed by the California State Park . . . — Map (db m22027) HM
California (Lassen County), Westwood — L - 38 — Lassen Trail - Westwood
The east branch of Lassen’s Trail (1848 & later) passed near here to a campsite “near a small lake fed by springs,” — Map (db m56709) HM
California (Los Angeles County), El Monte — 975 — El Monte
El Monte, on the bank of the San Gabriel River, played a significant part in California's early pioneer history. It was first an encampment on the Old Spanish Trail, and extension of the trail from Missouri to Sante Fe. By the 1850's some began to call El Monte the "End of the Santa Fe Trail." Early in that decade a permanent settlement was esablished here by immigrants from Texas. The first settlement in Southern California founded by citizens of the United States. — Map (db m50987) HM
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