|Brazil, Paraná, Foz do Iguaçu — Alberto Santos-Dumont Memorial — Parque Nacional do Iguaçu — Patrimonio Natural da Humanidade|
|As alturas não me intimidam. —Santos-Dumont, Foz do Iguaçu, 24 Abril 1916.
Posso dizer-ihe, Frederico Engel, que estas maravilhas em torno das cataratas não podem continuar a pertencer a um particular (Santos–Dumont) Foz, 25 de Abril de 1916.
Com esta estátua o sonho de Elfrida E. N. Rios, pioneira da cidade, tornou-se realidade. —Foz, 25 de Abril de 1979.
(English translation) “Heights do not intimidate me.” . . . — Map (db m26178) HM|
|Nova Scotia (Halifax Regional Municipality), Peggys Cove — Swissair Flight 111 Memorial — Whalesback|
|English text only shown
The communities of Peggys Cove and Blandford were central to the recovery operation following the crash of Swissair Flight 111. The Whalesback and Bayswater Beach sites were chosen for their proximity to those communities because they have view lines to the crash site and each other. The three sites combined - Whalesback, Bayswater, and the actual crash site - make a triangular shape, which is reflected in the design of the memorials. Whalesback is at the . . . — Map (db m45717) HM|
|Nova Scotia (Victoria County), Baddeck — First Aeroplane Flight — In the British Empire.|
| Commemorating The work of the Aerial Experiment Association which resulted in the first aeroplane flight within the British Empire made by J.A.D. McCurdy at Baddeck, Nova Scotia, on February 23, 1909. The Aerial Experiment Association was founded at Baddeck by Dr. Alexander Graham Bell. The other members were: F.W. Baldwin, whose first successful flight was made at Hammondsport, N.Y. on March 12, 1908; Glen H. Curtiss, J.A.D. McCurdy, Thomas E. Selfridger. Their contributions to the . . . — Map (db m79992) HM|
|Nova Scotia (Victoria County), Baddeck — The First Airplane Flight in Canada — Le premier vol d'avion au Canada|
On February 23, 1909, more than 100 people witnessed the first successful powered flight in Canada, as the Silver Dart lifted off the ice of Baddeck Bay and flew 800 metres. The biplane, piloted by J. A. D. McCurdy, reached a speed of 65 kilometres per hour and an altitude of about 9 metres before making a smooth landing. Designed and built by the Aerial Experiment Association, founded by Mabel and Alexander Graham Bell, the Silver Dart was the culmination of this group's . . . — Map (db m79990) HM|
|Ontario, Toronto — Canadian Airmen Monument|
| Panel 1:
Per Arua Ad Astra
In Memory of our Canadian
Airmen who fought in the
Skies to preserve freedom
and order in the world.
Canadian Airmen Awarded the Victoria Cross
World War I:
William Avery Bishop
Alan Arnett McLeod
William George Barker
World War II:
Andrew Charles Mynarski
David Ernest Hornell
Ian Willoughby Bazalgette
Robert Hampton Gray
This Monument was dedicated by
Her Majesty Queen . . . — Map (db m57901) HM|
|Ontario (Toronto), Toronto — Little Norway — Lille Norge|
|[First Panel:] 9 April 1940 Norway was attacked by overwhelming forces. King Haakon VII, Crown Prince Olav and the government left Tromso 7 June for Great Britain in order to continue the fight for freedom in exile. Negotiations had started 2 June and a base for training air force personnel was erected in Toronto using Island Airport. A camp was built on the harbour front and officially opened 10 November 1940.
The national emblems of Canada and Norway have been flying side by side . . . — Map (db m20989) HM|
|France, Haute-Normandie (Seine-Maritime Départment), Étretat — Nungesser and Coli's 1927 Flight|
|Ce monument consacré à la mémoire de Nungesser et Coli, héros de la guerre 1914-1918, et destiné à rappeler que leur "Oiseau Blanc" quitta le sol de France, pour la première liaison aérienne transatlantique, à Étretat le 8 mai 1927, a été détruit en 1942 par l'armée allemande d'occupation. (English translation):
This monument, dedicated to the memory of Nungesser and Coli, heroes of the war of 1914-1918, and intended to recall that their “White Bird” left the soil of . . . — Map (db m36513) HM|
|Ireland, Connacht (County Mayo), Murrisk — Squadron Leader R. F. C. Garvey|
In loving memory of
R.F.C. Garvey D.F.C. & Bar
Only son of J.C. & Gladys Garvey
Born at Murrisk Abbey 11th July 1918
Killed in a flying accident
at Shawbury, England,
on 14th January 1948 & buried there
Dearly loved — Map (db m28259) HM|
|Ireland, Leinster (County Fingal), Portmarnock — The Southern Cross Monument — By Rachel Joynt & Remco DeFouw|
| This sculpture celebrates Portmarnock's unique role in world aviation history. This beach, known as the Velvet Strand, was used as a runway for the first successful East-West Transatlantic flight, on 24th June 1930.
After a gruelling 33 hours the ‘Southern Cross’ landed at Harbour Grace, Newfoundland. It was the final leg of the first circumnavigation of the globe by aircraft. The pilot was Australian Aviator Sir Charles Kingford Smith, Co-pilot Evert Van Dyk, Irish Navigator Capt. Paddy . . . — Map (db m25788) HM|
|Ireland, Leinster (County Fingal), Portmarnock — The Velvet Strand / An Trá Chaoin — Portmarnock / Port Mearnóg|
| What's in a name?
Portmarnock is names after St Marnock, a prominent missionary who founded a church in the area.
The Velvet Strand and Aviation History
It was from the Velvet Strand, on 24th of June 1930, that the famous Australian aircraft Southern Cross departed on a pioneering Atlantic flight to Harbour Grace, Newfoundland, where it landed safely some 31.5 hours later. The plane was piloted by the legendary Charles Kingsford Smith and navigated by Dubliner Captain . . . — Map (db m25663) HM|
|Philippines, Pampanga ("Clark Freeport" a.k.a. "Clark Free Zone"), Angeles — Col. John M. Stotsenburg - Maj. Harold M. Clark — Fort Stotsenberg/Clark Air Base — - Clark Air Base Museum -|
Col. John M. Stotsenburg
Fort Stotsenburg, now the Stotsenburg Area, was named for John M. Stotsenburg, Captain, Sixth U.S. Cavalry, and Colonel, First Nebraska Volunteers. A native of Indiana, and a graduate of the U.S. Military Academy in 1881, he assist [sic] in organizing the First Nebraska Volunteer Regiment immediately after the declaration of war with Spain in 1898 and took it to the Philippines where he became its commander. Colonel Stotsenburg’s regiment saw . . . — Map (db m73353) HM WM|
|Turks and Caicos Islands, Grand Turk, Cockburn Town — Splashdown Grand Turk|
[Exhibit #1 and #2]
Replica of Friendship 7 capsule that carried John Glenn on his historic orbital flight of Feb. 20, 1962. The capsule was 9 feet long and 6 feet across at its base. At reentry it weighed about 3,000 pounds. Space inside was very tight, with room for only one man.
America's First Spacecraft
The bell-shaped capsule was about 9 feet high and 6 feet across at the base. It was made of resin and fiberglass, with and outer shell of . . . — Map (db m80425) HM|
|United Kingdom, Dumfries & Galloway (Scotland), Portpatrick — Z4|
|In grateful appreciation for their rescue and recovery of the 301 TCS aircrew and their passengers, we thank the local community and all those who have memorialized our fallen brothers
Dedicated 5 June 2007
By the 301st Aircraft Squadron
Travis AFB, CA — Map (db m34061) HM|
|United Kingdom, England (Cambridgeshire), Molesworth — 303rd Bombardment Group (H) "Hells Angels" — Flew from this airfield — Station 107 Molesworth|
303rd Bomb Group (H) 8th Air Force
Arrived UK - 12 Sep 42
First Combat Mission 17 Nov 42
Last Combat Mission 25 Apr 45
365 Combat Missions
(The most of any 8AF B-17 Group)
10,721 Sorties - 378 Enemy aircraft destroyed
First 8 AF B-17 to reach
25 missions - "Hells' Angels"
First 8AF B-17 to reach
50 and 75 missions - "Knock-Out Dropper"
First 8AF Bomb Group to reach
300 missions - 9 Jan 45
Distinguished Unit Citation
for mission . . . — Map (db m77892) HM WM|
|United Kingdom, Kent, Dover — Blériot's 1909 Landing Site|
|After making the first Channel flight by aeroplane Louis Blériot landed at this spot on Sunday 25th July 1909. — Map (db m23521) HM|
|United Kingdom, Northern Ireland (County Fermanagh), Belleek — Donegal Corridor|
During the Second World War (1939-1945) Sunderland and Catalina Flying Boats from RAF Castle Archdale were given permission by the neutral Irish Free State government to fly along the River Erne between Belleek and Ballyshannon. This was known as the Donegal Corridor. Young airmen flew out to the mid-Atlantic to give protection to shipping convoys. A number of planes crashed in the locality.
This plaque is in memory of the airmen and seamen from America, Australia, New Zealand, Canada, . . . — Map (db m72536) HM WM|
|Alabama (Franklin County), Hodges — "Spirit of Hodges"|
|The Town of Hodges held a war bond auction in the month of January 1943. The proceeds amounted to about $47,000. As an award, the war department allowed Hodges to name a P-51 Mustang Fighter aircraft. She was named "The Spirit of Hodges." The plane was built by the North American Aviation Company and was modified in Birmigham, Alabama. The P-51's were a long range, single seated aircraft. It flew most of its wartime missions as a bomber escort in raids over Germany and was used against the . . . — Map (db m80557) HM|
|Alabama (Jefferson County), Birmingham — CDR "Snuffy" Smith — Navy Light Attack Aircraft A-7 Corsair II|
|(First Plaque): Navy pilots typically had their names painted on the side and just below the cockpit of one of the squadron aircraft. Most also had "Call Signs." Some of which because the nickname of the pilot. On the display aircraft this tradition is represented by the name "Snuffy." Admiral Leighton W. Smith (A.K.A. "SNUFFY") grew up in Mobile, Alabama. He attended the U.S. naval Academy, graduating in 1962. Earning his Naval wings in 1964 he joined the light attack community, where . . . — Map (db m52226) HM|
|Alabama (Jefferson County), Birmingham — History of the 117th Tactical Reconnaissance Wing|
|January 1922 Federal Recognition 135th Observation Squadron
May 1923 Redesignated 114th Observation Squadron
January 1924 Redesignated 106th Observation Squadron
October 1943 Redesignated 100th Bombardment Squadron
November 1946 Federally Recognized 106th Bombardment Squadron
February 1951 Redesignated 106th Tactical Reconnaissance Squadron
May 1960 Assigned to 117th Tactical Reconnaissance Wing — Map (db m27388) HM|
|Alabama (Lauderdale County), Florence — “Gooney Bird” Propeller|
|This Hamilton-Standard 23E50-505 hydromatic propeller is from Douglas Aircraft C-47 transport plane known as the Gooney Bird.
The C-47s operated in both the European and Pacific theaters of W.W. II as troop and cargo transports, and initiated the Berlin Airlift.
More than 10,000 of these aircraft were produced by the Douglas Aircraft Company for military service. — Map (db m69659) HM|
|Alabama (Lauderdale County), Florence — Lieutenant Colonel R. Edward Yeilding — United States Air Force|
|This F-4D Phantom is displayed in honor of Lt. Col. Edward Yeilding and all Veterans who served with the Phantom aircraft. Captain Ed Yeiding’s name is painted on the front canopy to honor his nine years flying Phantoms similar to this F-4D and because of his unusual six years as a SR-71 Blackbird pilot.
Born 1949 and raised in Florence, Alabama, Lt. Col. Yeilding was an active-duty Phantom pilot from 1974-1983, with assignments in the RF-4C, F-4D, and F-4E. During his Okinawa assignment . . . — Map (db m69646) HM|
|Alabama (Lauderdale County), Florence — Lt. Col. R. Edward Yeilding — City of Florence Walk of Honor|
After flying more than 90 worldwide reconnaissance missions, in 1990 Lt. Col. Ed Yeilding set a coast to coast aircraft speed record of 67 minuets 54 seconds flying an SR-71 spy plane, which is now at the Smithsonian. — Map (db m29101) HM|
|Alabama (Lauderdale County), Florence — Ronnie Gene Flippo — City of Florence Walk of Honor|
In his 14 years in the U.S. House of Representatives (1977-1991), Ronnie Flippo held such important post as the chairmanship of the Space Science Subcommittee during the development of the space shuttle, Columbia. — Map (db m29098) HM|
|Alabama (Lauderdale County), Florence — The Cobra Helicopter|
|The AH-1 Cobra is an anti-armor close support/attack helicopter. The Cobra is powered by a General Electric T-700-GE-401 turboshaft engine. The Cobra is 58’ long,
has a wingspan of 10’-7”, and is 14’-2” in height. The AH-1 flies at 175 MPH and a ceiling of 15,000’. It can carry a wide range of armaments, from the barreled
20mm cannon to tow or hellfire air-to-ground missiles, 7 or 9 shot 70mm rocket pods, to the AIM-9 and Maverick missiles.
The Cobra is fast, heavily armed, . . . — Map (db m69648) HM|
|Alabama (Lauderdale County), Florence — The Phantom|
The F-4 Phantom was the U.S. Air Force’s fastest, highest-flying and longest-range fighter. It first flew May 27, 1958, and entered United States Air Force service in 1963. It was named Phantom II on July 3, 1959, during a ceremony held at the McDonnell plant in St. Louis, Mo., to celebrate the company’s 20th anniversary. By the end of production in 1985, McDonnell had built 5,068 Phantom IIs.
F-4’s saw combat in both the Vietnam War and Operation Desert Storm and . . . — Map (db m69636) HM|
|Alabama (Lawrence County), Courtland — Courtland Army Air Field (CAAF): Beginnings/Flight Schools|
Courtland Army Air Field (CAAF): Beginnings
Following the onset of WWII the Army Air Corps initiated an ambitious pilot training program. During its most active period, this program would train over 100,000 pilots per year. To meet this demand, more than 450 air fields were constructed or improved across the US. North Alabama was considered a desirable location for a large training base because it possessed a climate that permitted year-round flight instruction and . . . — Map (db m74409) HM|
|Alabama (Lawrence County), Courtland — Courtland Army Air Field (CAAF): Facilities/Deactivation|
Courtland Army Air Field (CAAF): Facilities
At its greatest strength, CAAF was home to 4600 officers, enlisted servicemen, and cadets. During the war years it was the largest population center within Lawrence County. Over 370 structures were constructed, including aircraft hangars, operations buildings, warehouses, barracks, mess halls, maintenance facilities, water supply/sewage treatment facilities, a weather station, and a hospital. To help accommodate the sudden . . . — Map (db m74411) HM|
|Alabama (Limestone County), Ardmore — The Saturn Legacy|
|The 224 -foot Saturn IB Rocket displayed here is one of three launched vehicles in the Saturn family of rockets developed in Huntsville. The Saturn IB rocket had more power than the earlier Saturn I- enough for orbital mission with the Apollo spacecraft and lunar module- but it was the 363- foot Saturn V rocket that ultimately took American astronauts to the moon. One of the three remaining Saturn Vs can be seen at the U. S. Space and Rocket Center in Huntsville. — Map (db m52445) HM|
|Alabama (Limestone County), Decatur — Southeast Air Forces Training Center — (Pryor Field)|
|The Southeast Air Forces Training Center operated by Southern Aviation Training School, also known as Pryor Field, was constructed in 1941. These two aircraft hangars and beacon tower are the remaining artifacts of one of only a few World War II Army Air Forces Training Centers that have remained in continuous use as airplanes hangars since 1941. The school provided primary flight training for Army Air Forces pilots. The facility was deactivated on December 28, 1944 and turned over to the Army . . . — Map (db m70521) HM|
|Alabama (Macon County), Tuskegee Airmen National Historic Site — A Bit to Eat|
Known as the Tea Room, this small lunchroom was built during the initial expansion phase of Moton Field in 1942 and 1943, when amenities such as offices and bathrooms not built into the original hangar were added. Here, personnel stationed at Moton Field could get a bite to eat. Cadets ate at Tuskegee Institute, but they could also buy a snack in the Tea Room if they had the time.
. . . cadets, instructors, and people in the area. . . come and have a snack, a bit to eat, because . . . — Map (db m64362) HM|
|Alabama (Macon County), Tuskegee Airmen National Historic Site — A Typical Day|
Try to imagine how Moton Field looked and sounded when the cadets trained here. Compare the scene today to the photograph below, taken from your vantage point around 1944. As the pace of training accelerated during the war, Moton Field became a very busy place.
Between the two hangars, aircraft were refueled from one of six fuel tanks, which remain in the ground near where you are standing. Planes in need of maintenance taxied to the hangar. Everywhere, there were flight instructors, . . . — Map (db m64366) HM|
|Alabama (Macon County), Tuskegee Airmen National Historic Site — Bath and Locker House|
This building was completed in 1941 as a restroom, shower, and locker room for administrative and support personnel. It had facilities for both men and women. Both black and white may have used the building. If so, it almost certainly would have been the only integrated facility of its kind in the South at that time.
The Bath and Locker House was probably not used by cadets, since they were at Moton field only a few hours a day. But mechanics, such as the one shown in this photo, needed . . . — Map (db m64361) HM|
|Alabama (Macon County), Tuskegee Airmen National Historic Site — Hangar No. 1|
In Hangar No. 1 flying became real for the aviation cadet. The hangar housed the main activities of the airfield, including flight debriefings, flight record-keeping, aircraft maintenance, and military and civilian management. Several smaller rooms surrounding the original space were added as the program grew.
The door to your left originally led to the Machine Shop where metal parts for aircraft were repaired. Through those doors you will now find an orientation and information area, . . . — Map (db m64365) HM|
|Alabama (Macon County), Tuskegee Airmen National Historic Site — The Control Tower|
From Moton Field’s Control Tower, controllers directed flight operations and signaled landing instructions to pilots through a system of flashing colored lights. Dispatchers called cadets for their flights. The tower overlooked the busy – and noisy – flow of aircraft, pedestrian, and vehicle traffic between two hangars.
The tower was where the dispatcher would look out on the field and call the cadets over the loudspeaker to tell them about their flight assignments. Also . . . — Map (db m64363) HM|
|Alabama (Macon County), Tuskegee Institute — The Tuskegee Airmen's Plaza|
|This plaza is dedicated to the memory of the Tuskegee Airmen, including General Daniel "Chappie" James, whose training at Tuskegee University and the Tuskegee Army Air Field enabled them to prove for all time the competence and bravery of Black Americans in the U.S. Air Force.
This plaza commemorates their courageous service in the air and on the ground--both women and men--in defense of the United States of America. Without their commitment and daring, America's victories over her enemies would have been much more difficult. — Map (db m20076) HM|
|Alabama (Madison County), Huntsville — Armstrong • Collins • Aldrin — Launched: July 16, 1969 • Landed: July 20, 1969 • Splashdown: July 24, 1969 — "That's one small step for a man, one giant leap for mankind."|
|Neil Armstrong, Apollo 11, commander, spoke his famous words as he stepped onto the surface of the Moon.
On July 20, 1969, President John F. Kennedy's mandate that America go to the Moon was fulfilled - Apollo 11's lunar module Eagle touched down in the lunar Sea of Tranquility. As astronaut Michael Collins orbited in the command module Columbia, a television audience of unprecedented scope watches Neil Armstrong become the first human to set foot upon the Moon. During their . . . — Map (db m69706) HM|
|Alabama (Madison County), Huntsville — Cernan • Evans • Schmitt — Launched: December 7, 1972 • Landed: December 11, 1972 • Splashdown: December 19, 1972 — "...America's challenge of today has forged man's destiny of tomorrow."|
|Commander Gene Cernan spoke these words as the last man to walk on the Moon.
Apollo 17 was the final Apollo mission and the crowning achievement of the entire Apollo program. The mission set numerous Apollo programs records: the longest mission, the greatest amount of time on the Moon's surface, the largest lunar samples, and the longest period orbiting the Moon. The universally recognized “Blue Marble” photograph of Earth was taken during this flight. The mission was also the . . . — Map (db m69757) HM|
|Alabama (Madison County), Huntsville — Conrad • Gordon • Bean — Launched: November 14, 1969 • Landed: November 19, 1969 • Splashdown: November 24, 1969 — "I see the surveyor! I see the Surveyor!"|
|Command module pilot Richard Gordon assured Pet Conrad, lunar module commander, that his landing was right on target.
Apollo 12 stands out as the first of the Moon flights to achieve a pinpoint landing. Despite a rocky start caused by pre-launch lighting strikes and swirling lunar dust that obscured the lunar surface, Apollo 12 landed within 600 feet of its target, the Surveyor III probe, which had reached the Moon 31 months earlier. Now the astronauts could return parts of the probe to . . . — Map (db m69707) HM|
|Alabama (Madison County), Huntsville — Formation of the George C. Marshall Space Flight Center|
|On September 8, 1960, President Dwight Eisenhower formally dedicated the George C. Marshall Space Flight Center in Huntsville, Alabama, as a new field installation of the National Aeronautic and Space Administration (NASA) organization that had resulted from the Army transfer of 4,670 civil service employees and 1,840 acres of Redstone Arsenal property and facilities worth $100 million. The new NASA center was named for the late General George C. Marshall. Mrs. Marshall was among those who . . . — Map (db m50147) HM|
|Alabama (Madison County), Huntsville — Grissom • White • Chaffee — Date of Incident: January 27, 1967 • Intended Launch Date: February 21, 1967 — "Fire in the Cockpit!"|
|These were among the last words from Apollo 1.
On January 27, 1967, the first scheduled Apollo flight, Apollo/Saturn 204, was undergoing routine launch pad tests. Soon after the crew was sealed inside the command module, a deadly fire exploded inside the cabin. Despite frantic attempts to rescue them, the astronauts succumbed in a matter of seconds. Following the tragedy, the Apollo program was shut down for almost two years. Although efforts to find the cause of the disaster didn't . . . — Map (db m69677) HM|
|Alabama (Madison County), Huntsville — Hermes Guided Missile|
|First American-made guided missile put on public display. First showing was May 14, 1953 at Huntsville, home of the world's largest rocket and guided missile research and development center, Redstone Arsenal. — Map (db m34957) HM|
|Alabama (Madison County), Huntsville — Lovell • Swigert • Haise — Launched: April 11, 1970 • Splashdown: April 17, 1970 — "Okay Houston, Hey, We've got a problem here..."|
|Commander Jim Lovell's words initiated heroic efforts by crew and mission control to salvage a crippled spacecraft and return Apollo 13 safely to Earth.
The Apollo 13 mission is the only Apollo flight remembered primarily for the effort to bring it home. On the second day of the flight, a power producing oxygen tank exploded, badly damaging the service module and forcing the Moon landing to be aborted. But with the spacecraft nearly dead, the cancellation quickly paled in importance to the . . . — Map (db m69742) HM|
|Alabama (Madison County), Huntsville — Major General H.N. Toftoy, USA.|
|This plaque was placed here by
Citizens of Huntsville and
Madison County, Alabama,
In Honor Of
Major General H.N. Toftoy, USA.
Who was Commanding General
of Redstone Arsenal
from September 1, 1954, to March 31, 1958.
It was unveiled here on August 1, 1958,
on the occasion of his transfer to the
command of Aberdeen Proving Ground.
during his stay at Redstone
made a significant contribution
to this community,
and he will forever be enshrined
in the hearts of local people as
"Mr. Missile." — Map (db m27906) HM|
|Alabama (Madison County), Huntsville — McDivitt • Scott • Schweickart / Stafford • Young • Cernan — Launched: March 3, 1969 • Splashdown: March 13,1969 — Launched: May 18, 1969 • Splashdown: May 26, 1969|
|"…We had to fly once more before we take the big step…"
Apollo spacecraft program manager, George Low, explained why landing on the Moon would have to wait a little longer.
Apollo missions 9 and 10 serves as vital dress rehearsals. Their successful flights answered many questions that had to be addressed before a moon landing could be attempted. Apollo 9 was the first mission to launch with all its lunar hardware aboard, including the lunar module and space suits with portable life . . . — Map (db m69692) HM|
|Alabama (Madison County), Huntsville — Saturn V|
|Used during the Apollo Lunar Landing Program of the 1960's and 1970's, the Saturn V rocket remains the largest, most powerful rocket ever built.
This full scale mock up was completed in July 1999 to serve as the local point for the 30th anniversary celebration of the first manned lunar landing.
The U.S. Space & Rocket Center dedicated this replica to the memory of Dr. Wernher von Braun and to the brave men and women who helped make the dreams of spaceflight a reality.
The Apollo . . . — Map (db m69676) HM|
|Alabama (Madison County), Huntsville — Schirra • Eisele • Cunningham / Borman • Lovell • Anders — Launched: October 11, 1968 • Splashdown: October 22, 1968 — Launched: December 21, 1968 • Splashdown: December 27, 1968|
"…A Merry Christmas and God bless all of you • All of you • On the good Earth."
With these good wishes, the crew of Apoll 8 signed off their Christmas Eve telecast from orbit around the Moon.
These successful flights came only months apart at the end of 1968. Together, they restored confidence in the Apollo program after the disastrous Apollo 1 fire. Apollo 7 is remembered for carrying the first three-man American crew into space. The mission was not designed to go
to the . . . — Map (db m69680) HM|
|Alabama (Madison County), Huntsville — Scott • Worden • Irwin — Launched: July 26, 1971 • Landed: July 30, 1971 • Splashdown: August 7, 1971 — "It's really rolling hills, up and down we go, buckin' bronco!"|
|Lunar module Jim Irwin described his ride in the first lunar rover.
The Apollo 15 mission is best remembered for introducing the electric Lunar Roving Vehicle, better known as the rover (which was developed at Huntsville's Marshall Space Flight Center). For this mission, the first of the longer, more scientific-focused missions, the rover allowed more extensive exploration of the lunar surface. Irwin and Commander Dave Scott spent three days on the Moon, worked on the surface 18½ . . . — Map (db m69745) HM|
|Alabama (Madison County), Huntsville — Shepard • Roosa • Mitchell — Launched: January 31, 1971 • Landed: February 5, 1971 • Splashdown: February 9, 1971 — "...It's been a long way, but we're here."|
|Alan Shepard's first words on the Moon - ten years after he made history as the first American in space.
Less than a year after the "successful failure" of Apollo 13, the mission of Apollo 14 accomplished much of what its predecessor had hoped to do. Thanks to a new piece of equipment, a two-wheeled push cart ("modular equipment transporter") for carrying tools and instruments, Shepard an Ed Mitchell were able to spend more time exploring the Moon's surface, venture farther from the lunar . . . — Map (db m69743) HM|
|Alabama (Madison County), Huntsville — Young • Mattingly • Duke — Launched: April 16, 1972 • Landed: April 20, 1972 • Splashdown: April 27, 1972 — "Look at the size of that rock!"|
|Lunar module pilot, Charlie Duke, exclaimed.
The Apollo 16 astronauts may have qualified for the Guinness Book of World Records for pushing their lunar rover to eleven miles per hour - but that was not their most serious accomplishment. As the first Apollo mission to focus on the geology of the lunar highlands area, Duke and Commander John Young spent parts of three days collecting hundreds of samples of rock and soil, plus an important core sample from more than seven feet below . . . — Map (db m69754) HM|
|Alabama (Madison County), New Market — Site of Quick Airplane — Construction And Flight|
|On this site, inventor and early aviation pioneer William Lafayette Quick and his sons designed and built the first airplane to be flown in the State of Alabama. Construction began in 1900. Awaiting an engine, it took nearly eight years to complete. Quick’s “Flying Machine” was among the first monoplanes to be flown in the United States When it went airborne on its first and only flight in April, 1908, in a pasture ½ mile northwest of here, across the Flint River. Restored, it . . . — Map (db m32370) HM|
|Alabama (Mobile County), Mobile — B-52D "Stratofortress"|
|Plans for the B-52 began as early as 1945, but the first flight of a B52D was not until June 4, 1956. The operational life of the B-52 spans the period from 1957 to the present, and included the most critical phase of the war in Vietnam.
The Aircraft you see here was among 170 B52Ds manufactured by Boeing Airplane Company, and was equipped exclusively for long-range bombing missions. "Calamity Jane," as she is called, has been demilitarized, but remains in the night camouflage used during . . . — Map (db m50424) HM|
|Alabama (Montgomery County), Maxwell Air Force Base — 1Lt Karl W. Richter — Killed in Action July 28, 1967, North Vietnam — Of The Warrior Breed|
"Whom shall I send, and who will go for us?...
Here am I. Send me."
"Here dead lie we because we did not choose to live and shame the land from which we sprung. Life to be sure is nothing much to lose, but young men think it is, and we were young."
[Unveiled 13 June 1992] — Map (db m64566) HM WM|
|Alabama (Montgomery County), Maxwell Air Force Base — Air University / Maxwell Air Force Base|
The Air Corps Tactical School moved to Maxwell in 1931. Brilliant young officers like Chennault, Eaker, Fairchild, Hansell, Kuter, LeMay, Quesada, and Vandenberg formulated the aerial strategies and tactics employed in World War II. In 1940, Maxwell became the home of HQ Southeast Air Corps Training Center responsible for pilot, Navigator and bombardier training, producing over 100,000 aviation cadets. Air University was established in 1946 as the USAF . . . — Map (db m64437) HM|
|Alabama (Montgomery County), Maxwell Air Force Base — Air University Commanders|
Maj Gen Muir S. Fairchild
February 1946 – May 1948
Maj Gen Robert W. Harper
May 1948 – October 1948
Gen George C. Kenney
November 1948 – July 1951
Lt Gen Idwal H. Edwards
August 1951 – February 1953
Lt Gen Laurence S. Kuter
April 1953 – May 1955
Lt Gen Dean G. Strother
May 1955 – Jun 1958
Lt Gen Walter E. Todd
August 1958 – July 1961
Lt Gen Troup Miller, Jr.
August 1961 – . . . — Map (db m64368) HM|
|Alabama (Montgomery County), Maxwell Air Force Base — AU "Thinks War"|
Post-Vietnam Era marked a turning point for AU. Lt Gen Furlong, AU commander, launched a three year campaign to overhaul the curriculum which became known as “Putting the ‘War’ back into War College.” Between 1975 and 1976 AU gained five new functions, greatly expanding its mission.
”Air University epitomizes all that we have fought for in our efforts to build a strong defense structure that will always meet the requirements of the hour.”
Honorable Lister Hill, Alabama Senator, 2 Sep 1947 — Map (db m64375) HM|
|Alabama (Montgomery County), Maxwell Air Force Base — Boeing B-52D "Stratofortress"|
Remaining in operation longer than any bomber in U.S. military history, the B-52 was the Strategic Air Command's principal long-range heavy bomber from the time it became operational in 1955. Affectionately known as the BUFF (Big Ugly Fat Fellow), it first flew on April 15, 1952. Nearly 750 B-52s (170 of them B-52Ds) had been built when production ended in October 1962. The B-52Ds were modified to carry the largest conventional bomb load of any in the series and due to the "Big Belly" and . . . — Map (db m64474) HM|
|Alabama (Montgomery County), Maxwell Air Force Base — British and Commonwealth Pilots Trained in the U.S.A.|
In 1941, before Pearl Harbour, President Franklin D. Roosevelt agreed with Prime Minister Winston S. Churchill, to provide flight training for British and Commonwealth pilots in the U.S.A. by the U.S. Army Air Corps.
Over 4,000 pilots were trained, some of them at this airfield, and many of them lost their lives in air operations against our common enemies.
This plaque is placed in remembrance by those who by the grace of God survived.
September 1996 — Map (db m64476) HM WM|
|Alabama (Montgomery County), Maxwell Air Force Base — Cessna T-41A "Mescalero"|
The Cessna T-41 was derived from a standard Cessna Model 172 light aviation aircraft. Between 1965 and 1969 the USAF purchased 211 T-41A variants "off the shelf" for the preliminary flight screening of pilot candidates; another 52 T-41C variants were obtained in 1968-69 for use by the Air Force Academy. The T-41 also saw service in the U.S. Army, and large numbers were exported to friendly nations under the Military Assistance Program.
This T-41A aircraft (AF Ser. 67-14977) was built in . . . — Map (db m64482) HM|
|Alabama (Montgomery County), Maxwell Air Force Base — Changing Roles of AU|
Charged with developing doctrines and concepts for the employment of air power, AU produced the first basic doctrine manuals for the Air Force. AU also gained notoriety with projects such as Corona Harvest, which studied and developed lessons learned during the Vietnam Conflict – the first time a study was conducted while a conflict was in progress.
”We must not only be prepared for the peace to come, we must be prepared to preserve it.”
General Hap Arnold, 1 Aug 1945 — Map (db m64374) HM|
|Alabama (Montgomery County), Maxwell Air Force Base — Chennault Circle|
To accommodate expansion of programs, a five million dollar construction project began in 1954 to give AU a modern, integrated academic center with a collegiate atmosphere and facilities in keeping with its educational mission.
We’re entrusting to General Kuter the future of the Air Force for it is here at Air University that we either make or break the Air Force.”
General Hoyt S. Vandenberg, 28 Feb 1953 — Map (db m64372) HM|
|Alabama (Montgomery County), Maxwell Air Force Base — Establishment of Air University 1946|
The Army Air Forces school was assigned its first commander, Major General Muir S. Fairchild, in February 1946, and renamed Air University in March. The dedication ceremony occurred 3 Sep 1946. The first classes at the Air War College and the Air Command and Staff School began 4 Sep 1946.
”We conceive it to be the high and noble goal of Air University to educate and to aid in producing the planners and future leaders of that Air Force.”
General Muir S. Fairchild, 3 Sep 1946 — Map (db m64370) HM|
|Alabama (Montgomery County), Maxwell Air Force Base — Expansion of Air University|
During the early 1950’s, Air Force leaders decided to consolidate and relocate professional military and continuing education activities, as well as commissioning and specialized schools to Maxwell and Gunter Air Force Bases.
”(Air University’s) anticipated influence is measured only by the reach of Air Power. Its horizon is unlimited.”
General Carl Spaatz, 3 Sep 1946 — Map (db m64371) HM|
|Alabama (Montgomery County), Maxwell Air Force Base — General Larry D. Welch — 12th Chief of Staff of the United States Air Force — Served 1951 - 1990, Aviation Cadet 1953|
General (ret) Welch was born in 1934 in Guymon, Okla., and graduated from Liberal (Kan.) High School in 1952. He enlisted in the Kansas National Guard in October 1951, serving with the 161st Armored Field Artillery until enlisting in the U.S. Air Force. In November 1953, he entered the aviation cadet program and subsequently received his pilot wings and commission as a second lieutenant. He served initially as a flight instructor until his assignment in July 1958 to Headquarters, Air . . . — Map (db m64500) HM|
|Alabama (Montgomery County), Maxwell Air Force Base — Joint Programs|
Air University began new Air War College and Air Command and Staff College programs in 1987 which met newly mandated “Joint” education requirements. These programs emphasized joint war fighting.
”The basic reason for the essentiality of Air University lies in the fact that it trains, prepares, and inspires the future leaders of all our commands.”
Lieutenant General Ira C. Eaker, 17 Mar 1961 — Map (db m64378) HM|
|Alabama (Montgomery County), Maxwell Air Force Base — Lister Hill Center — Named in honor of Senator Lister Hill — 1894-1984|
This facility is dedicated to the memory of Senator Lister Hill who faithfully served his state and the nation for forty-five years as a member of the House of Representatives and the United States Senate. An Infantry Officer during World War I, Senator Hill's commitment to a strong national defense and an independent Air Force contributed significantly to the development and continued existence of Maxwell AFB and Air University. Considered to be the godfather of Maxwell, he was instrumental . . . — Map (db m79082) HM|
|Alabama (Montgomery County), Maxwell Air Force Base — Lt. William C. Maxwell / Air Force ROTC|
Lt. William C. Maxwell (Side A)
William Calvin Maxwell was born Nov. 9, 1892 in Natchez, Ala. An Army ROTC student at the University of Alabama, he left in 1917 to enlist in the Army. He received his commission in April 1918, after completing flight training at Kelly Field, Texas. In 1919, he was assigned to 3rd Aero Squadron, Philippines. On August 12, 1920, engine trouble forced Lt. Maxwell to attempt to land his DH-4 in a sugarcane field. Maneuvering to avoid a group of children . . . — Map (db m64367) HM|
|Alabama (Montgomery County), Maxwell Air Force Base — Maj. Gen. Claire L. Chennault / Three Men on a Flying Trapeze|
| (Side 1)
Maj. Gen. Claire L. Chennault
Born in Commerce, Tx, on 6 Sep 1893, Chennault was commissioned in 1917 and received his wings in 1919. A graduate of and instructor at the Air Corps Tactical School, he became a leading advocate of pursuit aviation, and later formed the nationally renowned aero demonstration team called the "Flying Trapezers." Chennault retired in 1937 and went to China where he established the legendary "Flying Tigers." He was recalled to active duty . . . — Map (db m72169) HM|
|Alabama (Montgomery County), Maxwell Air Force Base — McDonnell Douglas F-4D "Phantom II"|
First flown in May 1958, the Phantom II originally was developed for U.S. Navy fleet defense and entered service in 1961. The USAF evaluated it for close air support, interdiction, and counter-air operations and, in 1962, approved a USAF version. The USAF's Phantom II, designated F-4C, made its first flight in November 1963. The F-4D was an improved F-4C and made its first flight on December 9, 1965. The F-4D offered an improved bombing and air-to-air capability. The USAF credited F-4D . . . — Map (db m64504) HM|
|Alabama (Montgomery County), Maxwell Air Force Base — McDonnell RF-101C "Voodoo"|
Ordered in 1951 by the Strategic Air command as a long-range escort fighter, the F-101 lineage included several versions: Low-altitude fighter-bomber; photo-reconnaissance; two-seat interceptor; and transition trainer. To accelerate production, no prototypes were built and the first Voodoo, an F-101A, made its initial flight on September 29, 1954. When production ended in March 1961, nearly 800 Voodoos had been built. Development of the unarmed RF-101, the world's first supersonic . . . — Map (db m64503) HM|
|Alabama (Montgomery County), Maxwell Air Force Base — Monument to Powered Flight|
In tribute to the perseverance and achievements of the Wright Brothers and the leadership and foresight of the Citizens of Montgomery, Alabama. Together they established the nation's first school of civil aviation in March, 1910, launching America on her journey to the stars.
18 September 1985 — Map (db m64567) HM|
|Alabama (Montgomery County), Maxwell Air Force Base — North American B-25 Mitchell|
The North American B-25 Mitchell, named after America's greatest military martyr (Gen Billy Mitchell), made its maiden flight on 19 August 1940 and was ordered in large numbers straight off the drawing board by the Army Air Corps. Internal improvements, armament innovations, and engine changes resulted in several variants, including the B-25G which was armed with a 75mm cannon in the nose - the largest gun ever carried in an aircraft up to that time. The most lethal of all versions was the . . . — Map (db m64449) HM|
|Alabama (Montgomery County), Maxwell Air Force Base — North American F-100D "Super Sabre"|
Developed as a follow-on to the F-86 Sabrejet used in the Korean Conflict, the F-100 was the world's first production airplane capable of flying faster than the speed of sound in level flight (760 mph). The prototype, the YF-100A, made its first flight on May 25, 1953, at Edwards Air Force Base, California. Of the 2,294 F-100s built before production ended in 1959, 1,274 were F-100Ds, more than all other series combined. The F-100D, which made its first flight on January 24, 1956, was the . . . — Map (db m64553) HM|
|Alabama (Montgomery County), Maxwell Air Force Base — North American F-86A "Sabre"|
The F-86, the USAF's first swept-wing jet fighter, made its initial flight on October 1, 1947. The first production mode flew on May 20, 1948, and on September 15, 1948, an F-86A set a new world speed record of 670.9 mph. Originally designed as a high-altitude day fighter, it was subsequently redesigned into an all-weather interceptor (F-86D) and a fighter-bomber (F-86H).
As a day fighter, the airplane saw service in Korea in three successive series (F-86A, E, and F), where it engaged . . . — Map (db m64586) HM|
|Alabama (Montgomery County), Maxwell Air Force Base — Northrop T-38A "Talon"|
In the mid-1950s, the USAF required a trainer with higher performance than the T-33 to better prepare student pilots for the latest tactical aircraft that were then coming into service. The aircraft chosen was the T-38A which offered high performance with low maintenance and operating costs. Destined to become the USAF's first supersonic trainer, the T-38A prototype first flew on April 10, 1959, and production continued until 1972. A total of 1,189 T-38As were built. Some were later . . . — Map (db m64433) HM|
|Alabama (Montgomery County), Maxwell Air Force Base — Reorganization|
During the late 1950’s three courses at Air Command and Staff College: the Weapons course, the Squadron Officer course, and the Academic Instructor course, became separate schools under the AU umbrella.
”…It is regrettable that what is being done at the Air University is not known by the millions of our citizens; they would worry less and sleep better.”
Lieutenant General Harold L. George, 5 Feb 1954 — Map (db m64373) HM|
|Alabama (Montgomery County), Maxwell Air Force Base — Reorganization|
HQ USAF realigned AU under Air Training Command (ATC) in 1978. For five years AU remained a part of ATC. On 1 July 1983, AU regained its major command status. ROTC was reassigned to ATC. The College of Aerospace Doctrine, Research and Education, was born to research and analyze current and future issues of concern to the USAF.
”Air University turns out tomorrow’s leaders.”
Army Times Headlines, 1 Mar 1947 — Map (db m64376) HM|
|Alabama (Montgomery County), Maxwell Air Force Base — Republic F-105D "Thunderchief"|
In 1951, Republic Aviation began a project to develop a supersonic tactical fighter-bomber to replace the F-84F. The result was the F-105 "Thunderchief," later affectionately nicknamed the "Thud." The prototype YF-105A first flew on October 22, 1955, but the first F-105D did not fly until June 9, 1959. F-105s were produced in the single-seat F-105B and F-105D series, and in the two-seat F-105F model. Later, some F-105Fs were modified to become F-105Gs. A total of 833 Thunderchiefs of all . . . — Map (db m64505) HM|
|Alabama (Montgomery County), Maxwell Air Force Base — Sikorsky MH-53M 'Pave Low IV' Helicopter|
The Sikorsky MH-53 is a variant of the USAF's HH-53 'Super Jolly Green Giant' air rescue helicopter, which was developed in turn from the US Navy's CH-53 'Sea Stallion' heavy lift helicopter. The MH-53 has been optimized for long-range infiltration, exfiltration and resupply of special operations forces in darkness or marginal weather flying conditions. The USAF began using early models of this helicopter for special operations missions in the late 1960s, and later versions continued to . . . — Map (db m64451) HM|
|Alabama (Montgomery County), Maxwell Air Force Base — The Air Corps Tactical School|
Established here in 1931, was the birthplace and nurturing ground of American air doctrine. In the ferment of a decade of thought and debate, the Air Corps Tactical School gave rise to concepts for the strategic and operational deployment of U.S. air power against two formidable aggressor nations separated by half a world. Validation of this revolutionary approach to warfare came with victory over the Axis with fewer casualties than in advancing a few hundred miles in World War I.
Most . . . — Map (db m79085) HM|
|Alabama (Montgomery County), Maxwell Air Force Base — The Air Power Legacy|
In 1931 Maxwell Field began its mission to educate Army Air Corps officers in strategy, tactics, and techniques of air power. Many early Air Force leaders attended Air Corps Tactical School here including Generals Vandenberg, Twining, White, and LeMay.
”If we should have to fight, we should be prepared to do so from the neck up instead of the neck down.”
General Jimmy Doolittle — Map (db m64369) HM|
|Alabama (Montgomery County), Maxwell Air Force Base — The Next Fifty Years|
The tradition of excellence established by Air University pioneers will continue throughout the next fifty years… AU’s ability to educate people and develop critical thinkers is a mission that continues today. Now, more than ever, the United States needs dedicated leaders and visionaries to guide us successfully through an uncertain future. Air University has always produced such men and women and will continue to do so well into the twenty-first century.
The founding of Air . . . — Map (db m64427) HM|
|Alabama (Montgomery County), Maxwell Air Force Base — The Thunderbirds — The Epitome of Teamwork|
All discipline for the moment seems not to be joyful, but sorrowful, yet, for those who are trained by it, afterwards, it yields the peaceful fruit of righteousness.
Maj. Norman L. Lowry III
Capt. Willie T. Mays
Capt. Joseph "Pete" Peterson
Capt. Mark E. Melancon
We salute your commitment to duty, honor, and country. — Map (db m64484) WM|
|Alabama (Montgomery County), Maxwell Air Force Base — William R. Lawley, Jr. — Colonel USAF (Ret) — 1920 - 1999|
Recipient of the
Medal of Honor
Intrepidity in Action
20 February 1944
Mission on 20 February 1944
Target: Leipzig, Germany
1st. Lt. William R. Lawley, Jr. & Crew
305th Bomb Group 8th Air Force
United States Army Air Corps
European Theater of Operations
[Dedicated 3 November 2000] — Map (db m64450) HM|
|Alabama (Montgomery County), Maxwell Air Force Base — Wright Brothers Flying School|
On this site in 1910
stood the hanger
Flying School of the
first men to fly:
The Wright Brothers — Map (db m79074) HM|
|Alabama (Montgomery County), Maxwell Air Force Base — Year of Training|
Deva vu, once again, 1993, AU was aligned with ATC but this time to form Air Education and Training Command. Enlisted professional military education was consolidated, Officers Training School moved to Maxwell, and ROTC and CCAF were again part of AU. Warfighting courses for flag officers and staff officers increased and mandatory commanders courses began.
”Smart systems, smaller forces, and an uncertain future require Brilliant Warriors.”
Lieutenant General Jay Kelley, 16 Aug 96 — Map (db m64425) HM|
|Alabama (Montgomery County), Montgomery — Gunter Annex / Gunter Basic Flying Training School|
On 27 Aug. 1940, the AAF leased the Montgomery Municipal Airport for use as a military airfield. During WW II, the field was the home of the AAF Basic Flying Training School and was named in honor of Mayor William A. Gunter. It later housed Extension Course Institute, AU Field Printing Plant, School of Aviation Medicine, and Air Force Senior NCO Academy. Tenants included the Air Defense Sector, HQ 14th Air Force, and Standard Systems Group. The field . . . — Map (db m68111) HM|
|Alabama (Montgomery County), Montgomery — Sherman W. White, Jr. — (1919 - 1943) — First Lieutenant, 99th Fighter Squadron|
Sherman, Sr. and Nettie White lived at this address on W. Jeff Davis Ave. Both teachers, they taught their children Sherman Jr., Willa, James, and Samson to love their country and value education. Willa, James, and Samson would graduate from college. Sherman, Jr. left school at the U. of Chicago to enlist as an Army Air Forces aviation cadet at Tuskegee, Alabama. At Tuskegee were trained the first African-American military aviators in the history of the U.S. Armed Forces. In the third . . . — Map (db m71084) HM|
|Alabama (Montgomery County), Montgomery — Thunderbird Park|
Dedicated by the people of Montgomery to the skilled pilots -- past, present and Future -- who risk and give their lives to demonstrate the capabilities of air power to the American people. The Thunderbirds: the Air Force's Ambassadors in Blue
February 1, 1982
Emory Folmar, Mayor — Map (db m64429) HM|
|Alabama (Montgomery County), Pike Road — Taylor Field|
|Montgomery's first military flying installation was established 200 yards south of this spot in November of 1917. The facility was named for Captain Ralph L. Taylor, who was killed in an airplane crash at Mineola Field, New York in August of 1917. The primary flying school here included 16 hangers, repair shops, warehouses, quarters, a hospital, and nearly 200 JN-4 and DH-4 aircraft on its 800 acres. One hundred and thirty-nine fledgling pilots completed the eight-week course and some served in . . . — Map (db m72016) HM|
|Alabama (Morgan County), Vinemont — The "Katy-Did" Crash|
Eight U.S. Army Air Corps officers and enlisted men were killed one-fourth mile east of here near the Roundtop Community on Sunday, April 9, 1944, at 2:20 p.m. when their B-26C Martin Marauder bomber, nicknamed the “Katy-Did”, crashed nose-down, at full throttle, and exploded. The warplane was on a official flight from Hunter Army Airfield in Savannah, Georgia to Memphis, Tennessee when it encountered a severe thunderstorm. Witnesses reported that the plane reappeared from the . . . — Map (db m80562) HM|
|Alabama (Tuscaloosa County), Tuscaloosa — Bell UH-1 Iroquois (Huey)|
|Manufacturer: Bell Aircraft
Engine: Lycoming T-53-L13 single turbine
Length: 41’ - 10.5’
Gross weight: 9,500 lbs
Cruise speed: 127 mph
Range: 318 miles
Armament: two M-60D 7.62 mm door mounted machine guns
The UH-1, or Huey, is one of the most recognized aircraft of the Vietnam era. This chopper had a wide variety of uses ranging from medical evacuation to troop transport to gunship. The UH-1H which is displayed went into service in September 1967. . . . — Map (db m35480) HM|
|Alabama (Tuscaloosa County), Tuscaloosa — Vought A-7E Corsair II|
|Manufactured by LTV Corporation
Type: Carrier-based attack-bomber
Crew: Pilot only
Maximum Speed: 693 mph
Power Plant: One 14,250 lb S.T. Allison TF41-A-2 turbofan
Weight: 21 tons
Tactical Range: 490 miles
Armament: One 20mm M61-A1 multi-barrel gun, two mounts for sidewinder AAM’s, 6 wing stations for 10,000 lbs of bombs or AGM’s
LTV corporation was contracted in March 1964 to manufacture the Corsair II, and the first A-7A flew on September 27, 1965, VA-147 was . . . — Map (db m35514) HM|
|Alaska (Anchorage Borough), Anchorage — Anchorage Aloft!|
|Few places on earth need air transportation more than Alaska. Towns and villages are isolated, with few roads and even fewer places to build them. Since 1913, when the first tractor biplane was brought to the Anchorage area, Alaskans have pioneered northern flying and tied together a geographically diverse and difficult territory.
In 1923, Anchorage boasted its first airport - where Delaney Park is today. Merrill Field was built in 1930, and in 1945 recorded more civilian flights then New . . . — Map (db m69797) HM|
|Arizona (Cochise County), Douglas — Douglas International Airport|
|At this location on June 5, 1933, First Lady Eleanor Roosevelt, wife of President Franklin Delano Roosevelt, dedicated Douglas International Airport as the first international airport in the United States.
Designed by J. P. Sexton as the first and only truly international airport in the America's, Douglas International Airport began operations in 1929. The Douglas airfield was connected with the Auga Prieta, Mexico, airport by a common north-south runway.
Early air travel between the . . . — Map (db m28357) HM|
|Arizona (Cochise County), Sierra Vista — RC – 12G Crazyhorse|
|The Crazyhorse system was fielded in 1985 to meet the need for a capability to locate unique electronic emissions in Central America. It consisted of three RC – 12G airframes converted from C – 12D aircraft by Sanders Associates, Inc. It was deployed to Honduras in 1986 to support U. S. Southern Command and Task Force BRAVO in counterinsurgency and counterdrug operations for the next nine years. The system was retired from service in 1998. — Map (db m29587) HM|
|Arizona (Cochise County), Sierra Vista — U. S. Army Mohawk (OV -1D)|
|The Mohawk is a high-performance, two-seat, observation aircraft made by the Grumman Corporation. The first model flew in 1959 and the last came off the production line in 1970. First deployed in 1968, it became the mainstay of Army aerial surveillance during the Vietnam War. Since then, it has always been at the forward borders with East Germany, Czechoslovakia, North Korea, and other danger spots in the world. During the 1991 Gulf War, Mohawks were credited with location and maintaining watch over Iraq's elite forces. — Map (db m29588) HM|
|Arizona (Cochise County), Willcox — In Memory of Lt. Robert G. Westlund — United States Air Force|
|On 30 December, 1951, during a routine training flight from Merced, California, to Tyndall Air Force Base, Florida, Lt. Robert G. Westlund lost his life when his F-51 "Mustang" fighter plane crashed near Sunset Peak in the Galiuro Mountains northwest of Wilcox.
A combat veteran of the European theatre of Would War II, Lt. Westlund was dedicated officer and a decorated fighter pilot. The wreckage was removed from the mountainside in 1991, one day another "Mustang" will take to the skies. . . . — Map (db m28414) HM|
|Arizona (Maricopa County), Mesa — A Tribute to the B-29 Super Fortress "FIFI"|
|This propeller, one of four, was installed on a B-29 Super Fortress. The B-29 was the largest and deadliest American heavy bomber of WWII. It is the aircraft that effectively ended WWII by delivering atomic bombs on Hiroshima and Nagasaki in August 1945. Interestingly, two of the four blades of this particular propeller were installed on "FIFI", the commemorative Air Force's air worthy B-29. The only super fortress in the world still flying. — Map (db m49868) HM|
|Arizona (Maricopa County), Mesa — Per Ardua Ad Astra — No. 4 British Flying Training School|
|On June 12th, 1982, this plaque was unveiled to commemorate the years 1941 to 1945 when Falcon Field was established as No. 4 British Flying Training School.
To this airfield came many air cadets of the British Royal Air Force, British Commonwealth Air Forces, and the United States Army Air Forces of whom 1380 British and 116 American pilots gained their wings before proceeding to flying duties in the Armed Services of their countries.
On behalf of all those who trained at Falcon . . . — Map (db m49869) HM|
|Arizona (Navajo County), Winslow — American Astronaut Wall of Fame|
On October 1, 1958, the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) was created to promote American civilian interests in space. Established at first to direct the nations efforts toward the scientific exploration of space, the challenge of manned space flight was also embraced and our conquest of the last, the greatest, the most dangerous frontier of all was underway.
Project Mercury (1959-63) was the first phase of our manned flight effort. Its goals were . . . — Map (db m71635) HM|
|Arizona (Pima County), Green Valley — Titan II Intercontinental Ballistic Missile Museum|
Tucson Air Museum Foundation
of Pima County
Titan II Intercontinental Ballistic Missile Museum
Established May 8, 1986
571st SMS, 390th SMW
Strategic Alert July 1963 – November 1982
National Historic Landmark
April 6, 1994
October 14, 1994 — Map (db m26926) HM|
|Arizona (Pima County), Tucson — Bicentennial Moon Tree|
|This seeding was grown from the very seeds that journeyed to the moon and back on board Apollo 14. It symbolizes the major role forests played in developing our American Heritage and the vital role forests have in our future.
This planting made possible by:
State Forester of Arizona,
U.S. forest Service and NASA — Map (db m43302) HM|
|Arizona (Pima County), Tucson — First Municipal Airport in the United States — Arizona Historic Site|
This ground was the location
First Municipal Airport
The Tucson City Council approved the
financing for the airport, July 21, 1919
the City of Tucson in cooperation
with the Tucson Chamber of Commerce
established and constructed
The first plane landed Nov. 20, 1919
Swede Myerhofer, Pilot
Upon receipt of an official letter from Brig. Gen. “Billy” . . . — Map (db m8432) HM|
|Arizona (Yuma County), Yuma — Robert G. Fowler — 1883 – 1966|
|On October 25, 1911, pioneer aviator Robert Grant Fowler touched down on this site, becoming the first person to land an airplane in Arizona under its own power. A native Californian, he had departed Los Angles October 19, and completed aviation history's first west to east transcontinental flight when he reached San Pable Beach, Florida, February 17, 1912. He flew a Wright Model B, purchased from Orville and Wilbur Wright who taught him to fly. Fowler had given up driving race cars to pursue a . . . — Map (db m29018) HM|
|Arizona (Yuma County), Yuma — Robert G. Fowler|
Robert G. Fowler Alighted on this spot
Marking first airplane flight
over Arizona soil
en route on first flight
Pacific to Atlantic Ocean.
Dedicated by Rotary Club Yuma Arizona. October 29, 1938. — Map (db m29046) HM|
|Arkansas (Benton County), Rogers — All Vietnam Veterans Memorial — In Memory Of|
| This memorial was erected in memory of the young individuals who went to war as kids and lost their youthful dreams, and some their lives, for a cause - freedom and honor - and came back as men with the horrors of war instilled in every fiber of their being and were never given the respect and honor they so dearly deserved from the public or United States government.
God will one day judge our actions. Until then, He will shine on the lives of each veteran now and forever more because He . . . — Map (db m62588) HM|
|Arkansas (Benton County), Rogers — F-101B Voodoo|
USAF Century Series aircraft flown by active interceptor squadrons, the Air Defense Command, and the Air National Guard from 1959 - 1983.
The Voodoo is well known for its NATO role as a nuclear deterrent during the Cold War.
The RF-101 variant is famous for performing reconnaissance missions in Cuba during the 1962 Missile Crisis and in Southeast Asia.
McDonnell Douglas Corporation
Designer and builder of over 800 F-101s
12 July 1991 — Map (db m62520) HM|
|California (Alameda County), Alameda — 968 — Pan Am China Clipper|
|Pan American World Airways fabled China Clipper (Martin M/130 Flying Boat) left Alameda Marina on November 22, 1935 under the command of Captain Edwin G. Musick. The flight would reach Manila via Honolulu, Midway, Wake, and Guam. The inauguration of ocean airmail service and commercial airflight across the Pacific was a significant event for both California and the world.
California Registered Historical
Landmark No. 968 — Map (db m31409) HM|
|California (Alameda County), Livermore — Tolliver Airship|
|Eight miles southwest of this location, in the Spring of 1904, Charles Tolliver built an airship.
With an aluminum superstructure covered with 6,000 yards of rongee silk, the craft was to be 250 feet long, 40 feet wide and 44 feet high. Four gasoline powered engines and six propellers - two on each side, one in the front, one rear. There was no need for rudders with this type of construction.
Mrs. Phoebe Hearst was the main financial backer, contributing 72,000 dollars to the project. . . . — Map (db m19968) HM|
|California (Alameda County), Oakland — Australian Aviators|
| To the memory of
the Australian Aviators
Sir Charles Kingsford-Smith
Captain Charles T. P. Ulm
This plaque is dedicated by the Board of Port Commissioners of the City of Oakland as a permanent tribute to the courage and foresight of these gallant airmen.
Their aeronautical exploits – starting in 1928 with the pioneering flight of the Southern Cross from Oakland to Australia and thence continued around the globe by Kingsford-Smith to complete at Oakland the . . . — Map (db m71201) HM|
|California (Alameda County), Oakland — First Successful Non-stop Trans-Pacific Air Flight|
|On Tuesday, June 28, 1927, at 7:08 a.m. Lieutenant Lester J. Maitland and Lieutenant Albert F. Hegenberger, Air Corps United States Army, took off from Oakland Municipal Airport on the first successful non-stop trans-Pacific air flight arriving at Wheeler Field, Schofield Barracks, Island of Oahu, Territory of Hawaii, on Wednesday, June 29, at 6:29 a.m., (Honolulu Time) covering a distance of 2416 miles. — Map (db m71200) HM|
|California (Butte County), Oroville — Oroville Municipal Airport|
|The City of Oroville
Oroville Municipal Airport
in 1933 and it
proudly served as a
WW II Training Base
Mural circa 1942
Dedicated 1996 — Map (db m61601) HM|
|California (Fresno County), Fresno — Sierra Sky Park — America's first aviation community|
|Established October 23, 1946 as America's first aviation community. Through the efforts of Wm. and Doris Smilie, 130 acres of rolling "hog-wallow" and hardpan were transformed into a public use airport, with a sod runway, connecting taxi-way and extra wide streets. This combination would set the precedent for hundreds of similar communities through out the United States and the world. It would allow aviation oriented families to experience the dream of having an aircraft in their own yards and the camaraderie of neighbors with similar dreams. — Map (db m78354) HM|
|California (Kern County), Arvin — Arvin-Sierra Glider Port — 1937-1941|
|Located on the hills in front of you, on the historic Tejon Ranch, the Arvin-Sierra Glider Port was the site for the West Coast Soaring Championships. Many of America’s famous glider pilots made record flights from here, soaring over the mountains and into the desert. The contests were popular events to pilots and public alike and the site became the most important glider port in California. When World War II shut down activity here, those star pilots became key to the war effort — as . . . — Map (db m80599) HM|
|California (Kern County), Cantil — Florence "Pancho" Barnes|
|Florence Leontine Lowe was born July 29, 1901 in Pasadena. Through an arranged marriage in 1921, she became the wife of a minister, Rankin Barnes. She ended her relationship with him a few years after bearing a son, Billy.
Florence acquired the nickname "Pancho" on a trip to Mexico in 1927 and returned to purchase her first airplane after her solo flight in 1928. She began performing stunts in airshows and movies. Soon she was winning races and toppling speed records. Pancho formed the . . . — Map (db m51666) HM|
|California (Kern County), Edwards — Bell XP-59A Jet Aircraft|
|On Oct. 2, 1942, a Bell XP-59A Aircraft powered by Twin General Electric Type 1-A Engines introduced Jet Flight to America. This new age began here at Edwards Air Force Base as the XP-59A lifted from Rogers Dry Lake with Bell Test Pilot Robert M. Stanley at the controls. Later the same day, Col.L.C. Craigie became the first American military pilot to the fly the aircraft.
This Memorial is Dedicated
To all those who contributed to these first flights and is presented in conjunction . . . — Map (db m53125) HM|
|California (Kern County), Edwards — First Flight to Break the Sound Barrier — X-1 Loading Pit|
|The Bell X-1 was loaded into its B-29 Launch Aircraft from this Pit on
October 14, 1947
Captain Charles E. "Chuck" Yeager
Piloted the Airplane to Mach 1.06 (700 mph) — Map (db m52545) HM|
|California (Kern County), Edwards — Sound Barrier Cracked|
|On October 14, 1947 42,000 feet above this
monument, Captain Chuck Yeager, USAF, piloting a Bell X-1 rocket airplane named Glamour Glennis, became the first person to exceed Mach 1. With this flight, the era of supersonic aviation was born.
This monument honors that flight, the aircraft, a loyal ground crew, and its valiant pilot. — Map (db m52625) HM|
|California (Kern County), Edwards AFB — Boeing B-52D - “Stratofortress”|
|The first prototye B-52 took to the air on 15 April 1952. Nearly 750 B-52’s were eventually built, of which 170 were –Ds. Records set by B-52s included the world’s first non-stop round-the-world flight by a jet aircraft and the first hydrogen bomb drop. B-52s began flying combat missions in Southeast Asia (SEA) in June 1965. By August 1973, they had flown 126,615 combat sorties with 17 B-52s lost to enemy action.
The aircraft on display flew combat missions in SEA while assigned to . . . — Map (db m64590) HM|
|California (Kern County), Edwards AFB — CT-39A - "Sabreliner" — North American|
|Originally developed as a private venture to meet a USAF requirement for a twin jet utility trainer, the prototype T-39 made its first flight on 16 September 1958. In all, 143 T-39A’s and six T-39B’s were built for the USAF. Another 62 T-39’s were produced for the Navy. Sabreliners began flight testing at Edwards in 1959 and, as of 2020, still operate here fulfilling a variety of test support roles. A commercial Sabreliner Model 40 version of the aircraft has been very successful.
The . . . — Map (db m64619) HM|
|California (Kern County), Edwards AFB — F-101B • “Voodoo” — McDonnell|
|Originally developed from the McDonnell XF-88 penetration fighter, the F-101 was designed as a long-range bomber escort for the Strategic Air Command. The prototype made its first flight at Edwards AFB in September 1954. When high-speed, high-altitude jet bombers such as the B-52 entered active service, escort fighters were not needed. Therefore, before production began, the F-101’s design was changed to fill both tactical and air defense roles. First flown on 27 Mar 57, 480 of the two-seat, . . . — Map (db m62135) HM|
|California (Kern County), Edwards AFB — F-104A • “Starfighter” — Lockheed|
|The first XF-104 made its initial flight here at Edwards AFB in February 1954. In May 1958, a YF-104A set a world speed record of 1,404.19 mph over Edwards, and in December 1959, an F-104C set a world altitude record of 103, 395 feet here. The Starfighter was the first aircraft to hold simultaneous official world records for speed, altitude and time-to-climb, most of which were established at Edwards AFB. The USAF procured about 300 Starfighters in one-and two-seat versions and another 1700 . . . — Map (db m62133) HM|
|California (Kern County), Edwards AFB — F-105D • “Thunderchief” — Republic|
|The YF-105 completed its maiden flight at Edwards AFB in October 1955, easily exceeding Mach One, even though it was powered by a J57 engine - much less powerful than its projected power plant, the J75. The D-model “Thud” added water injection to the J75 engine, along with updated avionics, attack equipment, and improved refueling features. It first flew in June 1959. A total of 833 Thunderchiefs of all types were built, including 610 F-105Ds. All models of the F-105 were flight . . . — Map (db m62132) HM|
|California (Kern County), Edwards AFB — F-106B • “Delta Dart” — Convair|
|The F-106 Delta Dart had a long and illustrious career at Edwards AFB. The prototype A-model made its first flight here on 26 Dec 56. On 15 Dec 59, Col Joe Rogers piloted as F-106 A to a world speed record of 1,525.695 mph (Mach 2.41) here. In Apr 58, the first two-seat F-106B completed its maiden flight here and later served as an ejection seat test vehicle at the AFFTC’s 6511th Test Group at El Centro NAS, Ca. During the 1960s, F-106s were stationed at Edwards as a detachment of the 329th . . . — Map (db m62130) HM|
|California (Kern County), Edwards AFB — F-111A - "Aardvark" — General Dynamics|
|The F-111A was the world’s first production variable-sweep wing fighter. It completed its maiden flight on 21 December 1964, at Carswell AFB, Texas. The aircraft could exceed twice the speed of sound (Mach 2) by sweeping its wings rearward while in flight. The wings were swept forward for takeoffs, landing, or slow speed flight. Flight test programs were carried out at Edwards AFB on nearly every model of the F-111 series almost continuously from 1965 to 1990.
The aircraft on display was . . . — Map (db m64615) HM|
|California (Kern County), Edwards AFB — F-16B — "Fighting Falcon"|
|When first flown at Edwards AFB on January 20, 1974, the YF-16 was the most advance fighter in the world. The F-16B is a combat-capable two-seat version of the production F-16A. To date, over 4,000 F-16s have been manufactured worldwide and 122 B models were delivered to the USAF. Just under 200 F-16Bs are in service with foreign countries, many of them build on foreign assembly lines.
This particular airplane was flown extensively in the test support role while assigned to the Test Wing. . . . — Map (db m63609) HM|
|California (Kern County), Edwards AFB — F-84F - "Thunderstreak" — Republic|
|The Republic YF-84F prototype (a modified F-84E straight-wing officially designated YF-96A) completed its hour-long first flight at Edwards in June 1950. The first flight of the revised F-model prototype, with its distinctly deeper fuselage profile, took place at Edwards in February 1951. More than 2700 Thunderstreaks were produced, 237 of them under license by General Motors (including this aircraft) at their St. Louis Buick factory. This F-84 was rescued from a back yard in the Midwest-after . . . — Map (db m64620) HM|
|California (Kern County), Edwards AFB — F-86F — "Sabre"|
|The F-86, the Nation’s first swept-wing jet fighter, made its initial flight at what is now Edwards AFB on October 1, 1947. The first production model flew on May 20, 1948 and on September 15, 1948 an F-86A streaked to a world-record 670.9 mph.
The Sabre saw combat in Korea in three successive series (F-86A, E, and F) to counter the Russian-built MiG-15. By the end of hostilites, Air Force fighter pilots flying their Sabres into “MiG Alley” had shot down 792 MiGs at a loss of . . . — Map (db m63607) HM|
|California (Kern County), Edwards AFB — HL-10 — Lifting Body|
|Flown 37 times by Nasa's Flight Research Center,
Edwards Air Force Base, California
First Flight December 22, 1966
Final Flight July 17,1970
Maxium Speed and Altitude Records for
Lifting Bodies Held By The HL-10:
Mach 1.86 (1228 M.P.H.) and 90,300 Feet
Bruce A. Peterson • John A. Manke • Peter C. Hoag
• Jerauld R. Gentry • William H. Dana
The HL-10 was part of a program that investigated blunt-shaped vehicles, called lifting bodies, which led to the selection . . . — Map (db m64025) HM|
|California (Kern County), Edwards AFB — Leaps in Technology|
|The United States Air Force has always relied upon the application of leading-edge technologies to fulfill its mission of airpower projection. From the XP-59 of 1942 to the B-2, C-17, and F-22 of today, the Flight Test Center has been essential to the USAF strategy of developing and deploying the worlds’ most advanced and effective military aircraft. The F-86 and F-16 (displayed here) represent stellar milestones in this technological continuum and share many similarities. Both were . . . — Map (db m63608) HM|
|California (Kern County), Edwards AFB — N.F.-11 (T.T.-20) - “Meteor” — Gloster Aircraft|
|The Meteor was Britain’s first operational jet aircraft and the only operational Allied jet to see service in World War II. The prototype, designated G.41, completed its first flight in March 1943 under the power of two de Havilland H-1 turbojets. The United States evaluated the Meteor at Edwards AFB (then Muroc AAFB) after WWII. The N.F.11 was a two-seat night-fighter version of the Meteor with upgraded Rolls-Royce Derwent engines and a lengthened nose to house a larger radar. Developed under . . . — Map (db m64595) HM|
|California (Kern County), Edwards AFB — NF-4C - "Phantom II" — McDonnell|
|The Phantom II, first flown in May 1958, was developed as a fleet defense interceptor for the U.S. Navy. After entering Navy service in 1961, the USAF evaluated it at Edwards AFB to fill a fighter-bomber requirement. In 1963 production F-4Cs began operational service. It could carry twice the normal bomb load of a B-17 from World War II.
Phantoms have also served with the U.S. Marine Corps and many foreign nations such as Great Britain, Germany, Japan, and Israel. Over 5,000 had been built . . . — Map (db m64623) HM|
|California (Kern County), Edwards AFB — PGM-17A • "Thor" — Douglas Aircraft|
|Thor was the free world’s first operational intermediate range ballistic missile (IRBM). It was 65 feet long, 8 feet in diameter and weighed 105,000 pounds. Douglas Aircraft was the prime contractor. The missile utilized a single stage North American Rocketdyne LR-79 liquid oxygen rocket motor, which provided 150,000 lbs of static thrust. This gave the Thor of range of 2,000 miles. Development of the system was rapid. Thor’s first successful launch was made on 20 Sep 57 and it entered active . . . — Map (db m64589) HM|
|California (Kern County), Edwards AFB — T-28B - "Trojan" — North American|
|The T-28B was originally developed as a U.S. Navy basic trainer and completed its maiden flight on 6 April 1953. Nearly 500 were built. Early models of the Trojan were tested at Edwards beginning shortly after the plane’s first flight in 1949. A later version – the YAT-28-powered by a turbo-prop engine, was tested at Edwards in the early 1960s. In 1966, the U.S. Army brought four T-28B’s to Edwards AFB to serve as chase planes for the Lockheed AH-56 Cheyenne helicopter test program. . . . — Map (db m64596) HM|
|California (Kern County), Edwards AFB — T-33A “Shooting Star” — Lockheed|
|The two-seat T-33 was developed from the single-seat F-80 fighter by lengthening the fuselage slightly more than three feet to accommodate a second cockpit. It was originally designated TF-80C and made its first flight in March 1948. It quickly became the centerpiece of USAF flight training. Over 5000 “T-Birds” were manufactured by Lockheed with more than 1000 eventually transferred to foreign countries. It was also built under license in Canada and Japan. T-33s were flight tested . . . — Map (db m64593) HM|
|California (Kern County), Edwards AFB — TF-102A • “Delta Dagger” — Convair|
|The F-102 was developed from the Convair XF-92 delta wing research aircraft of the late 1940s and the prototype made its initial flight in October 1953 at Edwards AFB. It became operational with the Air Defense Command in 1956. At the peak of deployment in the late 1950s, F-102s equipped more than 25 ADC squadrons. Convair built 1,000 F-102s, 889 of which were F-102As. The USAF also bought 111 TF-102As as combat trainers with side-by-side seating. The TF-102A completed its maiden flight at . . . — Map (db m62134) HM|
|California (Kern County), Edwards AFB — UC-45J - "Expeditor" — Beech|
|The Beech C-45 was the Army Air Force version of the Beech Aircraft Corporation’s Model B-18S commercial transport. The popular “Beech 18” also appeared as the AT-7 and AT-11 bombing and navigation trainers (Navy designation SNB-1/SNB-2), and the F-2 photo-reconnaissance type. More than 4,000 variants were built during World War II. In the early 1950’s, surviving C-45s were rebuilt by Beech and designated C-45G or C-45H.
The aircraft began life as a Navy SNB-2, was rebuilt as an . . . — Map (db m64592) HM|
|California (Kern County), Edwards AFB — YA-10B Prototype number 73-1664 — Fairchild Republic|
| Only two-seat A-10 made
Fairchild Republic Company’s two-place night/adverse weather A-10 began flight tests at Air Force Flight Test Center at Edwards AFB in May 1979. It was converted by Fairchild from one of six pre-production single place A-10s built in 1975. It was a two seat adverse-weather configuration. The pilot was assisted by a weapons officer in the back seat.
• Low Altitude navigation
• Accurate visual weapons delivery at night and in adverse weather
• . . . — Map (db m64624) HM|
|California (Kern County), Edwards AFB — YA-7D - "Corsair II" — Ling-Temco-Vought (LTV)|
|The Corsair II was designed to meet a 1963 Navy requirement for a light attack plane to replace the A-4. The Navy’s A-7A made its first flight in September 1965. Two months later, the Air Force settled on the A-7 as a low-cost way to provide specialized, close–air support to the Army. Over 450 A-7Ds were eventually delivered to the USAF. A-7Ds flew 12,928 sorties during the Vietnam War, including the last air strike into Cambodia. The last A-7Ds in combat were flown by Air National Guard . . . — Map (db m64614) HM|
|California (Kern County), Edwards AFB — YC-15 — McDonnell Douglas|
|Two built by McDonnell Douglas (now Boeing) as Advanced Medium STOL Transport (AMST) with Short Take Off and Landing ability.
First flight 26 Aug 1975, landing at Edwards AFB. Pioneered supercritical wing on large aircraft; advanced airlift state of the art; could carry outsized vehicles; lift 27,000-lb. payload from 2,000-ft. runway. Prototype adapted DC-10 cockpit, DC-8 nosewheel, C-141 main landing gear. Display is first aircraft, number 70-1875, later fitted with larger wing. Though not . . . — Map (db m62137) HM|
|California (Kern County), Edwards AFB — YF-100A “Super Sabre” — North American|
|The F-100 was the USAF’s first operational aircraft capable of flying faster than the speed of sound (760 mph) in level flight. The prototype YF-100A made its initial flight on 25 May 1953 and the first production aircraft was completed on October 1953. Several world records for speed were set by F-100s flying from Edwards AFB. In October 1953, the prototype set a world speed record of 755 mph at low altitude and in 1955 an F-100C set a high altitude world speed record of 822.135 mph. Designed . . . — Map (db m62136) HM|
|California (Kern County), Johannesburg — Major Michael Adams, USAF — The First In-Flight Fatality of the American Space Program|
|In memory of
Major Michael Adams, USAF,
The First In-Flight Fatality
of the American Space Program
On November 15, 1967 Adams conducted a sub-orbital space flight with the mission of performing six scientific experiments. This was the 191st overall flight, and the 9th space flight of the X-15 program. During ascent, Major Adams encountered problems that resulted in a loss of control during reentry. Major Adams and his X-15 crashed here in the Mojave Desert. . . . — Map (db m51664) HM|
|California (Kern County), Mojave — Mojave Air & Spaceport|
|The Mojave Airport was created in 1935 as part of the Kern County Airport System. The fledgling airport was built to serve gold mines near Mojave. At the outset of World War Two, the airport became a Marine Corps Air Station that trained Marine Aviators in gunnery, producing the most productive aerial gunners in the Pacific War.
Following the war the airport was designed as a Naval Air Station that supported some of the first flight tests of what are now known as unmanned aerial vehicles. . . . — Map (db m53126) HM|
|California (Kern County), Mojave — Rotary Rocket Roton ATV — First Rocket Powered Vehicle to Fly At Mojave Spaceport — 1999 A.D.|
|Far better it is to dare mighty thinkigs...even through checkered by failure, than to rank with those timid spirits who neither enjoy nor suffer much because they live in the gray twilight that knows not victory nor defeat.
Chief Designer: Bevin McKinney
ATV Chief Engineer & Test Pilot: Marti Sarigul-Klijn
Director of Flight Test & Co-Pilot: Brian Binnie — Map (db m53128) HM|
|California (Kern County), Mojave — Voyager Aircraft / SpaceShipOne Replica|
| Left Plaque:
The 1/5 scale flying model of Voyager was built by Glenn Dunlap of Cincinnati, Ohio, and donated to the Mojave Transportation Museum Foundation in 2009.
The original Voyager, designed by Burt Rutan and built at Mojave Airport, hangs in the National Air & Space Museum in Washington D.C.
Voyager and its crew of Dick Rutan and Jeana Yeager, took-off from Edwards Air Force Base at 8:01 a.m. December 14, 1986, and flew west 26,366 statue miles.
On December 23, . . . — Map (db m53127) HM|
|California (Kern County), Shafter — 923 — Site of Gossamer Condor Flight|
|This plaque at Shafter Airport commemorates the world's first man-powered flight to complete the Kremer Circuit, August 23, 1977. The circuit, a figure eight around two pylons one-half mile apart, was completed in six minutes, twenty-two seconds. The plane was designed by Dr. Paul MacCready, Jr. and flown by Bryan Allen. A cash prize of 50,000 pounds was awarded by the Royal Aeronautical Society, London, England. — Map (db m52057) HM|
|California (Los Angeles County), Cerritos — Cerritos Air Disaster Memorial|
|On August 31, 1986 at 11:56 A.M., two planes collided above a Cerritos neighborhood in the vicinity of Carmenita Road and 18rd Street. The tragic accident claimed 82 lives, destroyed 11 homes and severely damaged seven others. The collison was partially caused by inadequate airport approach and departure controls.
This tragedy became known as the Cerritos Air Disaster and resulted in implementation of safer procedures for airport approaches and departures.
The people of Cerritos offer . . . — Map (db m73108) HM|
|California (Los Angeles County), Compton — 718 — First United States Air Meet|
|About one half mile southeast of this spot, on Dominguez Hill in historic Rancho San Pedro, the first Air Meet in the United States was held during January 10-20, 1910. Subsequently, this area has evolved into one of the world's leading aviation-industrial centers. — Map (db m50979) HM|
|California (Los Angeles County), Lancaster — Arthur K. "Kit" Murray — Aerospace Walk of Honor|
|Arthur "Kit" Murray was instrumental in pioneering the techniques of air-to-air fueling and the development of talk-down techniques for landing experimental aircraft. As a Flight Test Pilot at Edwards AFB, he flew programs on the X-1A and X-5, flew the X-4 and made the first powered flight on the X-1B. He developed control techniques in 13 semi-ballistic flights of the Bell X-1A at record altitudes. In 1954, Murray flew the Bell X-1A to a new unofficial world altitude of 90,440 feet, becoming . . . — Map (db m66498) HM|
|California (Los Angeles County), Lancaster — Col. Robert L. "Silver Fox" Stephens, USAF
— Aerospace Walk of Honor|
|Colonel Stephens distinguished himself in flight test, flying nearly all of the jet fighter aircraft from the F-80 Shooting Star to the F-106 Delta Dart. He graduated from the Experimental Test Pilot School in 1949.
Called the "Silver Fox" because of his prematurely gray hair, he was the first military pilot to fly the YF-12A, the Air Force's secret titanium-skinned interceptor, and the SR-71 advanced reconnaissance aircraft.
On May 1, 1965, at Edwards Air Force Base, . . . — Map (db m79153) HM|
|California (Los Angeles County), Lancaster — Colonel Jack L. Ridley — Aerospace Walk of Honor|
|The Flight Test Mission Control Center at Edwards Air Force Base is named for Colonel Ridley who lost his life in 1957 in the crash of a C-47 aircraft while serving on the U.S. Military Assistance Advisory Group in Japan.
Ridley was a pioneer of aviation engineering, an innovator, and one of the architects of modern aircraft testing. He logged more than 2,800 flight hours in his short career. He considered himself proficient in the flying of the F-80, F-86, F-84, F-89, B-29, B-45, B-47, . . . — Map (db m66504) HM|
|California (Los Angeles County), Lancaster — Colonel Jesse P. "Jake" Jacobs, Jr. — Aerospace Walk of Honor|
|Colonel Jacobs received the Legion of Merit for meritorious service as Director and test pilot on the C-5A Test Force. It was at the time, one of the world's largest aircraft.
During his 46 years in aerospace, Jacobs logged more than 10,600 flight hours in over 100 types, models and series of aircraft. He flew 28 combat missions over Germany in B-17's in World War II. He added 121 combat missions in F-80's in Korea. He served as a test pilot for more than 19 years at Edwards, Wright . . . — Map (db m66503) HM|
|California (Los Angeles County), Lancaster — F/A, NASA Tail Number 842|
|This F/A-18 Hornet (bureau Number 161214) is a pre-production A-Model airplane whose first prototype rolled out of the McDonnell Douglas Plant on September 13, 1978. The Carrier-based Navel strike fighter did not become operational for several years after that. Derived from the Northrop YF-17, the Hornet was developed and produced jointly by Northrop and McDonnell Douglas. The particular F-18 served initially as a test aircraft for the U.S. Navy at Patuxent River, Maryland, before coming to the . . . — Map (db m52887) HM|
|California (Los Angeles County), Lancaster — F-4 Phantom II — Boeing Plaza - Aerospace Walk of Honor|
| Panel 1: On loan from the United States Air Force, this F-4 Phantom II was acquired on November 7, 2001 from Edwards Air Force Base and transported to the Boeing Company facility at USAF Plant 42. Boeing volunteers worked many hours to restore the fighter to its original condition. In the early morning hours of September 21, 2002, the F-4 was transported here to Boeing plaza, where it proudly flies today.
Built by McDonnell Douglas [formerly McDonnell] in St. Louis, Missouri, the . . . — Map (db m51280) HM|
|California (Los Angeles County), Lancaster — Fred Wallace Haise
— Aerospace Walk of Honor|
|Fred Haise is best known as the Lunar Module Pilot who, in 1970, was a crewmember on the dramatic Apollo 13 aborted lunar mission. Due to an oxygen tank explosion, the crew had to utilize the Lunar Module "Aquarius" as a lifeboat. This mission will stand in history as a hallmark example of the ingenuity of a highly trained flight and ground team to develop "real time" procedures and techniques to overcome a life-threatening situation.
Haise logged more than 9,100 hours in flight, . . . — Map (db m69508) HM|
|California (Los Angeles County), Lancaster — Henry E. "Hank" Chouteau — Aerospace Walk of Honor|
|As Northrop’s Chief Test Pilot for advanced fighter aircraft, Hank Chouteau helped develop dozens of new or modified aircraft, participating in aircraft design, development, test flights and marketing.
Chouteau logged more than 7,300 flight hours in more than 80 models of aircraft. He piloted first flights in nine aircraft including the YF-5A, F-5A, F-5E, the CF-5A and CF-5B in Canada, the NF-5 in the Netherlands, and the YF-17 prototype for the F-18 Navy Strike Fighter. He helped develop . . . — Map (db m66501) HM|
|California (Los Angeles County), Lancaster — John A. Manke — Aerospace Walk of Honor|
|John Manke was a NASA Research Pilot for more than 11 years and has flown over 4,500 hours. His career was highlighted by NASA research flights to test lifting body aircraft, preparing the way for the Space Shuttle and follow-on space programs.
He piloted the first unpowered lifting body approach to a precision landing on a concrete runway in 1975, providing data needed by the Space Shuttle Program to prepare for unpowered landings from orbital flight.
As a principal NASA lifting . . . — Map (db m66505) HM|
|California (Los Angeles County), Lancaster — John B. "Jack" McKay — Aerospace Walk of Honor|
|Jack McKay died in 1975--20 years to the day after his first rocket flight. He had retired from NASA four years earlier, climaxing a 20-year flying career at Edwards in which he become one of the Center’s most experienced rocket pilots. In the 50's and 60's, McKay flew most of the nation’s rocket aircraft--from the "B" and "E" versions of the famed X-1, to the X-15.
McKay flew the jet and rocket versions of the D-558 Skyrocket. He went aloft in the follow-on versions of the X-1, flying . . . — Map (db m66496) HM|
|California (Los Angeles County), Lancaster — Lt. Col. Robert G. "Bob" Ferry, USAF
— Aerospace Walk of Honor|
|Colonel Ferry distinguished himself in helicopters. Although he began his career as a fighter pilot, he became expert in helicopters, where he made his mark in 24 years of flight testing. He has flown 10,800 hours in 125 different aircraft, nearly 8,000 of those hours in helicopters.
As the Air Force Project Pilot on the Bell XV-3, he proved the tilt rotor concept which led the way to development of the XV-15 and V-22 Osprey. He is the only pilot to fly three XV types: XV-1, XV-3 and . . . — Map (db m79154) HM|
|California (Los Angeles County), Lancaster — Lt. Gen. James H. "Jimmy" Doolittle, (USAF Retired) — Aerospace Walk of Honor|
|Jimmy Doolittle played an important role in the development of Air Force research at Edwards AFB. He was one of the founding fathers of Systems Command Air Force Research and Development Command. Through the late 1980's, Doolittle made annual visits to Edwards AFB to check on the development of the Air Force Research programs.
Doolittle performed important aeronautical research as an Army test pilot. He was the first pilot (1929) to take-off, fly a course and land an aircraft without . . . — Map (db m69509) HM|
|California (Los Angeles County), Lancaster — Thomas C. McMurtry — Aerospace Walk of Honor|
|Thomas McMurtry logged over 11,000 hours of flying time since earning his pilot's wings in 1958. A graduate of the United States Naval Test Pilot School, he flew the U-2, X-246, F-8A, AD-1, YF-12C, F-104, F-15 and NASA 747 Shuttle Carrier Aircraft.
McMurtry joined NASA as a research test pilot in 1967 and piloted the first flights of both the F-8 Supercritical Wing Aircraft on March 9, 1971 and that of the AD-1 on December 21, 1979. He was project pilot on the F-8 Supercritical Wing . . . — Map (db m66507) HM|
|California (Los Angeles County), Lancaster — Tuskegee Airmen|
|"....the privileges of being an American" belong to those brave enough to fight for them."
Gen. Benjamin O. Davis, Jr.
In our tradition of honoring American aviators who have flown into the pages of history, the City of Lancaster dedicates this monument to the Tuskegee Airmen of World War II, America's first black fighter pilots. The sacrifices and triumphs of the "Red Tailed Angels" proved not only that they were worthy of their wings, but that the human spirit cannot be bound by . . . — Map (db m53030) HM|
|California (Los Angeles County), Los Angeles — Capt. Lou Lenart, USMC (Ret.) — FG-1D Corsair|
| This monument is dedicated to Capt. Lou Lenart and to all U.S. Marine Corps and Navy pilots who flew the F4-U or FG-1D Corsair in combat during World War II.
“Most of my experience with the Corsair was in close support of our ground troops on the battlefield and in protecting our fleet from the constant threat of ‘Kamikaze’ (suicide plane) attacks. In addition, we flew attack missions on mainland Japan, destroying military installations and equipment. For those of us lucky enough to . . . — Map (db m68546) HM WM|
|California (Los Angeles County), North Hollywood — 980000246 — Portal of the Folded Wing — Shrine to Aviation|
Dedicated To The Honored Dead Of American Aviation On
The 50th Anniversary Of Powered Flight, Dec. 17, 1953,
By Lt. Gen. Ira C. Eaker USAF (Ret.)
- - - - - - - - - - - -
Beneath The Memorial tablets in this sacred portal
rest the cremated remains of famous flyers who
contributed so much to the history and development
of aviation. The bronze plaques upon the marble walls
memorialize beloved Americans who devoted their lives
to the advancement of the air age. Administered . . . — Map (db m29365) HM|
|California (Los Angeles County), Palmdale — A.W. "Tony" LeVier 1913-1998|
|Born in Duluth, Minnesota, on February 14th, 1913. In the 1930s he won the junior pilot aerobatic meet, barnstormed the country, operated two flying schools and competed in air races. In 1941 he joined the Lockheed Aircraft Corporation and tested the P-38 Lighting, XP-80A jet fighter and the XP-80 Shooting Star. Authored "Pilots Report on Supersonic Flight."
Flight tested the XF-104 Starfighter, the T-33 trainer, and the U-2 reconnaissance aircraft and made several safety improvements to . . . — Map (db m64621) HM|
|California (Los Angeles County), Palmdale — B-2 Spirit — Nicknamed "Stealth Bomber" — General Information|
| Manufacturer: Northrop Grumman Corporation
Production Period: 1993 to 1997
Number Produced: 21
Production Series: Production Blocks 10, 20, and 30
Roles: Originally designed as a land-based all-weather intercontinental heavy-bomber for the US Air Force for nuclear weapons delivery, able to penetrate the most sophisticated air defenses with its low-observable (stealth) characteristics for the Cold War; later modified to also deliver conventional and guided weapons. . . . — Map (db m47722) HM|
|California (Los Angeles County), Palmdale — Blackbird Air Park — Air Force Plant 42|
Blackbird Wind Tunnel Model
Aircraft models such as this are used in high-speed wind tunnels to test aerodynamic shapes, stresses, and temperatures. This particular model was used for testing all three versions of the Blackbird--the A-12, YF-12, and SR-71--through the use of different nose sections. It is displayed with an SR-71 nose section installed. The nose section on the left is a YF-12 and the one on the right is an A-12.
[Panel . . . — Map (db m51182) HM|
|California (Los Angeles County), Palmdale — F-86F-30|
| [Right Panel:]
A/C SN: 23231
FAA Registration N91FS
Date Acquired: August, 1998
From: Own, donated by Tractor Corp
Displayed: October, 1998
23 April 54 - First Flight
11 May 54 - Assigned to the RCAF and assigned to 421 Sq, RCAF at Grostenquin, France
1960 - Assigned to Maritime Aircraft Repair and Overhaul, Moncton, Canada
1972 - Sold to Bankers Leasing Inc, Washington DC and registered as N231X
1978 - Sold to Ronald . . . — Map (db m47721) HM|
|California (Los Angeles County), Palmdale — James J. Stegman 1920 - 2009 / A-4C Skyhawk|
|James J. Stegman
1920 - 2009
Born Aug 23, 1920, in Offerle, Kansas. He was the 6th son of 18 children. In 1940, he joined the U.S. Marine Corps as a Private. As he worked up in rank to Sergeant, he also was sent to pilot school. He received his wings in 1943. A few months later, he was sent to the South Pacific for 14 months duty in World War II flying dive bombers. In 1951, he was recalled to active duty in Korea where he flew missions in jets for 10 months and attained the rank of . . . — Map (db m47729) HM|
|California (Los Angeles County), Palmdale — Stanley P Butchart 1928 - 2008 / C-140 Jetstar|
|Stanley P Butchart
1928 - 2008
After receiving primary and secondary civilian pilot training. Butchart enlisted in the U.S. Navy in July 1942. Upon his completion of flight training at Corpus Christi, Tex., he joined torpedo-bomber Air Group VT-51 and flew the Grumman-General Motors TBM Avenger from the aircraft carrier San Jacinto in South Pacific during World War II. He earned a Distinguished Flying Cross and a Presidential Unit Citation among other service medals. While continuing . . . — Map (db m47723) HM|
|California (Los Angeles County), Palmdale — The Aerospace Valley — They All Had The Right Stuff|
|With more than 150 "First Flight" records and numerous milestone in flight, the Antelope Valley has been home to Aerospace throughout the century. These numerous accomplishments include:
-Air Force Capt. Charles E. "Chuck" Yeager's breaking of the sound barrier in the Bell X-1 in 1947.
-Air Force Maj. Arthur "Kitt" Murray becoming the First Man to see the curvature of the earth in the Bell X-1A in 1954.
-Air Force Maj. William J. "Pete" Knight's record as the "Fastest Man Alive" flying . . . — Map (db m55372) HM|
|California (Los Angeles County), San Pedro — Anna Lee Fisher - Astronaut — Los Angeles Maritme Museum|
| San Pedro’s
First Woman in Space
Aboard Space Shuttle Discovery
Nov. 8, 1984
Presented by an Admiring Community
Dec. 11, 1984 — Map (db m52529) HM|
|California (Los Angeles County), San Pedro — Battery Osgood-Farley Historic Site — "Home of the Fort MacArthur Museum" — Battle Honors, Third Coast Artillery|
|+ Battle Honors
Third Coast Artillery
War of 1812
Fort Nelson, VA. - June 22, 1813
Fort Oswego, NY. - May 5-6, 1814
Palo Alto - May 8. 1846
Resaca de La Palma - May 9, 1846
Monterey - Sept. 21-23, 1846
Vera Cruz - March 9-28, 1847
Cerro Gordo Contreras
Churubusco Molino Del Rey
Seminole - 1832-39
Creek - 1836
Cherokee - 1838
Seminole - 1849-50
Rogue River -1855
Washington - 1858
Civil War . . . — Map (db m70939) HM|
|California (Mono County), Lee Vining — Navy Beach|
|During the Cold War, Mono County was home to one of many remote facilities used by the US Military to test new weapons and weapons systems. A "secret military installation" operated by the US Navy was located along the south shoreline of Mono Lake.
During the 1950's and 1960's several branches of the US Armed Forces utilized this test facility to conduct various research. Numerous top-secret exercises were actually performed here during what was called "seismic testing." However with the . . . — Map (db m20739) HM|
|California (Mono County), Walker — The C-130 Crew — Lost During the Cannon Fire - June 17, 2002|
|In Loving and Grateful Memory of
The C-130 Crew
Steve Wass, Craig Labare and Mike Davis
Who gave their lives to save
our community on June 17, 2002 — Map (db m23036) HM|
|California (Nevada County), Grass Valley — Lyman Gilmore, Jr. — 1874 – 1951|
|Lyman Gilmore, Jr. established the first commercial airport on this site in 1907. To him and his memory the people of this community dedicate this school as the:
Lyman Gilmore School
Grass Valley School District
Board of Trustees
Brian A. Bennallack - President • Dr. Robert L. Ross, Jr.- Clerk • Harrel W. Ammon Mrs. Lou Kennedy • Jack Montre
Vernon C. Bond – Superintendent
George C. Higgins and Associates – Architect
Joe W. Ruess – Landscape Architect
Dorville, . . . — Map (db m13289) HM|
|California (Orange County), Costa Mesa — 16 — Santa Ana Army Air Base Site — Memorial Garden — Established 1954|
|The Air Base was one of the largest of its kind in the nation. It was activated in February of 1942. Pilots trained here for Europe and the Pacific during World War II. — Map (db m58598) HM|
|California (Orange County), Fountain Valley — 27 — Helicopter Landing Pad|
|Navy purchased the land in 1943. Fixed wing planes used the airstrip into the 1950's. In 1952 Marine Helicopter pilots practiced take-offs and landings at this site up through the Vietnam era. — Map (db m59761) HM|
|California (Orange County), Newport Beach — 775 — First Water-to-Water Flight|
|Glen L. Martin flew his own plane, built in Santa Ana, from the waters of the Pacific Ocean at Balboa to Catalina Island, May 10, 1912. This was the first water-to-water flight and the longest and fastest over-water flight to that date. Martin, on his return to the mainland, carried the day's mail from Catalina--another first. — Map (db m50334) HM|
|California (Placer County), Colfax — Robert G. Fowler - Colfax — Sept. 13 - 23 — 1911|
|Near this site, the shattered remains of Robert G. Fowler’s Wright Model B biplane was rebuilt following a crash near Alta on the second day of his west to east flight. The ten-day rebuilding effort, which took place alongside the railroad track in the center of Colfax, was sponsored by the members of the Colfax Rod & Gun Club and other community leaders. — Map (db m45157) HM|
|California (Riverside County), Blythe — 73 — 390th Bomb Group (H) — Activated at Blythe Army Air Base|
|Blythe Army Air Base was constructed during 1942 to train heavy bomber crews.
127 officers and men recevied orders in February 1943, to form 4 squadrons of the 390th Bombardment Group (H).
The 390th B-17s joined the 8th Air Force in England and completed 301 bombing missions over Europe--August 1943 to May 1945.
The 390th Group received 2 presidential citations & 6 battle streamers for combat against Nazi targets.
Ground crews maintained 75 aircraft at peak strength. 390th gunners . . . — Map (db m78572) HM|
|California (Riverside County), Chiriaco Summit — 106 — Camp Young Airstrip — Camp Young - Headquarters — Desert Training Center California-Arizona Maneuver Area|
|The Camp Young Airstrip was established at this site in March 1942 by order of General George S. Patton. It was used to provide Camp Young with supplies and other essential material. It supported air transportation for the command staff of the Desert Training Center. General Patton also had his personal airplane stationed here. The field was 6000' long and 300' wide. It was capable of handling C-47 Skytrains, C-46 Air Commandos, and C-54 Skymasters. The general service agency deeded the strip . . . — Map (db m78550) HM|
|California (Riverside County), San Jacinto — 989 — Soviet Transpolar Landing Site|
|Three miles west of this site, on July 14, 1937, three Soviet aviators completed a transpolar flight from Moscow in 62 hours, 17 minutes, establishing a new world's nonstop distance record of 6,305 miles. The huge single-engine aircraft, an ANT-25 military reconnaissance monoplane, was shipped back to the Soviet Union and placed in a museum. Aircraft Commander Mikhail Gromov, Co-Pilot Andrei Yumashev and Navigator Sergei Danilin became Generals in World War II. — Map (db m50706) HM|
|California (Riverside County), San Jacinto — 43 — Transpolar Record Flight Site|
|Near this site on July 14, 1937, three Russian aviators completed a transpolar flight from Moscow in 62 hrs, 17 min establishing a new world's nonstop distance record of 6,305 miles. The huge single-engine aircraft, an ANT-25 military reconnaissance monoplane, was shipped back to Russia and placed in a museum. Aircraft commander Mikhail Gromov, co-pilot Andre Ymashev, and navigator Sergei Danilin became generals in World War II. — Map (db m50681) HM|
|California (Sacramento County), Mather — F-105G “Wild Weasel”|
|Wing Span 34 ft. 11 inches •
Length 67 ft. •
Height 20 ft. •
Speed 831 MPH •
Cruising 596 MPH •
Weight 11 Tons
First aircraft retrofitted to destroy surface-to-air missles in North Vietnam. The valiant airmen who flew these dangerous missions typified the courage of the Vietnam Veteran. In honor of those who served, we dedicate this memorial 24 May 2000. — Map (db m888) HM|
|California (Sacramento County), Mather — Mather Field|
|Named for 2Lt C. S. Mather killed in 1918.
• 1918–Pilot Training School.
• 1930’s–Supply Depot.
• 1940’s–Pilot and Nav School.
• 1950’s–Nav School.
• 1960’s–SAC Bomb Wing and AF Nav/EWO Schools.
• 1993–Based closed.
• 1998–VA Clinic Started. — Map (db m889) HM|
|California (Sacramento County), Rancho Cordova — Mather Air Force Base Navigators Monument|
| [Marker 1:]
In Dedication to the Men and Women
of Mather AFB
For 75 years of service to the
nation and the community.
In Tribute to the Navigators
Who Trained at Mather AFB
To their skill to set the course
to their duty to complete the mission.
To their dedication to bring their crew
home safe again — Map (db m57287) HM|
|California (Sacramento County), Sacramento — McClellan Air Force Base|
With war clouds gathering over the Pacific, in 1936 Congress authorized the construction of the Sacramento Air Depot. The Army Air Corp envisioned that the new depot would support operations on the West Coast, as well as provide a staging area for aircraft and material bound for the Pacific.
Built under the supervision of the Army Quartermaster Corps, construction of the Sacramento Air Depot began in late 1936. The depot took shape rapidly, and the . . . — Map (db m57199) WM|
|California (San Bernardino County), Fort Irwin — Deep Space Station - 14 — Commemorating 40 Years of Service to the Deep Space Network — 1966 - 2006|
|As a communication platform: Supporting space exploration beginning with the Mariner 4 mission to Mars, and through the years providing a vital link to NASA's robot explorers across the solar system, including Voyager, Mars Exploration Rovers, Casini and Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter.
As a radio/radar telescope: Studying the nearest asteroids and planets to the distant quasars and objects in the universe.
"From the Desert to the Stars...Exploring our Solar System and Beyond" — Map (db m50371) HM|
|California (San Diego County), Coronado — 818 — First Military Flying School — (U.S. Naval Air Station, North Island)|
|The flat lands beyond have been a part of aviation history since Glenn Curtis founded the first military flying school in America here on January 17, 1911. The Army operated Rockwell Field until January 31, 1939; the Navy commissioned the present air station on November 8, 1917. — Map (db m61548) HM|
|California (San Diego County), San Diego — Clifton A. F. Sprague, Vice Admiral, USN — Born 8 January 1896 - Died 11 April 1955|
Navy Cross for the 25 October 1944 action off Samar. Admiral Sprague was aboard the escort carrier, USS Fanshaw Bay during this engagement.
Legion of Merit Medal for his command of the USS Wasp.
Gold Star in lieu of second Legion of Merit for the Morotai landings.
Gold Star in lieu of third Legion of Merit for the Iwo Jima and Okinawa operaitons.
Gold Star in lieu of fourth Legion of Merit for Operation Crossroads.
Presidential Unit Citation to Task Unit . . . — Map (db m8521) HM|
|California (San Diego County), San Diego — 711 — Montgomery Memorial|
|John J. Montgomery made mans
first controlled winged flight
from this hilltop in August 1883.
He opened for all mankind the "great highway of the sky" — Map (db m51097) HM|
|California (San Diego County), San Diego — Point Loma|
In commemoration of the early aviation pioneers that flew American designed and manufactured sailplanes in San Diego. These aviators are remembered by those who flew after them and the citizens of San Diego.
John C. Barstow •
William Beuby •
William Hawley Bowlus •
Lowell E. Bullen •
Alan R. Essery •
Albert E. Hastings •
Forrest H. Hieatt •
I.N. Lawson •
Anne Lindbergh •
Charles A. Lindbergh •
Earle R. Mitchell •
Adolph R. "Bud" Perl •
Allison . . . — Map (db m51788) HM|
|California (San Diego County), San Diego — San Diego Bay|
|One of the world’s finest natural harbors plays host above and below the surface
Homeport to America’s Finest City
One of the most beautiful and exemplary natural harbors in the world, San Diego Bay is steeped in rich maritime heritage and continues to serve today as a bustling port of call. Home to the Navy’s Pacific fleet, a variety of sport fishing craft, thousands of pleasure boats, and an increasing number of commercial and cruise ships, San Diego Bay is a top destination for . . . — Map (db m73905) HM|
|California (San Diego County), San Diego — United States Aircraft Carrier Memorial|
| West face:
[Seals of the Department of the Navy: U.S. Navy and U.S. Marine Corps]
“The air fleet of an enemy will never get within striking distance of our coast as long as our aircraft carriers are able to carry the preponderance of airpower to sea," Rear Admiral W. A. Moffett, USN, 1922
The advent of the aircraft carrier revolutionized modern naval warfare. This memorial was conceived by aircraft carrier veterans to honor this nation’s carriers and the . . . — Map (db m61543) HM WM|
|California (San Diego County), San Diego — USS Gambier Bay CVE 73 and Composite Squadron VC-10 — United States Navy — In Memory of the Men Lost in Action|
Eternal God who alone spreads out the heavens and rules the raging seas, may this memorial bring continued remembrance to the one hundred and thirty seven men who died defending their country in time of danger, and whose bodies found their last resting place in the waters of the Pacific. May it call to mind that they were called by their nation to defend liberty and preserve unity.
We do not what those who died in air and sea battles, often against hopeless odds, to . . . — Map (db m8480) HM|
|California (San Francisco City and County), San Francisco — Marina Air Field — Stanley Hiller Jr.|
|There are two markers mounted on opposite sides of the flagpole base in the Marina Green
This plaque marks the site of the
Marina Air Field
The first terminus of the
United States Post Office Dept.
Air Mail Service
The first scheduled mail-plane
September, 9, 1920
Presented by the Air Mail Pioneers Inc. At this site on August 30, 1944
Stanley Hiller, Jr.
Pioneer helicopter designer, made the first sustained and . . . — Map (db m70028) HM|
|California (San Mateo County), San Bruno — First Shipboard Landing|
|On 18 January 1911, EUGENE ELY flew a Curtis Pusher biplane from this location, Tanforan Park, and landed on a wooden platform constructed aboard the Navy Cruiser USS Pennsylvania anchored in the San Francisco Bay. The first shipboard landing, an event of international impact, contributed significantly to the development of Naval aviation. — Map (db m18414) HM|
|California (San Mateo County), Woodside — In Memoriam The Aircraft "Resolution"|
|The Australian company British Commonwealth Pacific Airlines DC-6B, VH-BPE, on a scheduled flight from Sydney to San Francisco with a final destination of Vancouver, Canada, crashed on Kings Mountain in San Mateo County during the morning hours of October 29, 1953.
This is the worst aviation accident in county history, claiming the lives of all on board, eight crew members and eleven passengers. The cause of this disaster remains a mystery but is a testament to modern day aviation safety . . . — Map (db m70332) HM|
|California (Santa Barbara County), Goleta — Earle Ovington Terminal|
|Santa Barbara Airport Terminal is hereby named Earle Ovington Terminal in recognition of his outstanding contributions to aviation and his part in the development of aviation in Santa Barbara.
Earle Ovington was the first pilot to carry air mail in the U.S.—a 7 mile flight from Garden City to Mineola, Long Island, N.Y. on September 23, 1911—under official assignment by Postmaster General Frank H. Hitchcock.
Earle Ovington developed and operated the first airport in Santa . . . — Map (db m67194) HM|
|California (Santa Barbara County), Vandenberg AFB — The Curtis P-40|
|This aircraft is dedicated to all Past, Present, and Future "Flying Tigers" those who blazed a path of glory in the China Skies in World War II, and those who blaze a path of glory into space.
The Curtis P-40 saw action on every front throughout WWII but gained lasting fame through the exploits of Claire Lee Chennault's American Volunteer Group (AVG) - The "Flying Tigers."
As inheritors of the flying legacy, Fourteenth Air Force fighter crews adopted the famous Tiger Shark mouth motif . . . — Map (db m50512) HM|
|California (Santa Barbara County), Vandenberg Air Force Base — Ronald W. Reagan Missile Defense Site|
|Dedicated to Ronald W. Reagan
40th President of the United States of America
For his steadfast commitment to develop and deploy
missile defenses to protect our nation, our forces,
our allies and friends
"Wouldn't it be better to save lives than to avenge them? Are we not capable of demonstrating our peaceful intentions by applying all our abilities and our ingenuity to achieving a truly lasting stability? I think we are. Indeed, we must."
23 March 1983
Presented on . . . — Map (db m81108) WM|
|California (Santa Barbara County), Vandenberg Air Force Base — Space Launch Complex 10 — Vandenberg Air Force Base|
|Space Launch Complex 10
Vandenberg Air Force Base
Has been designated a
This site possesses national significance in commemorating the history of the United States of America
National Park Service
United States Department of the Interior — Map (db m81076) HM|
|California (Santa Clara County), San Jose — 813 — Montgomery Hill|
|Three-quarters of a mile northeast is Montgomery Hill, site of the 55 successful flights of the “aeroplane” of John Joseph Montgomery which demonstrated aerodynamic developments still indispensable to modern aircraft. Here the basic principles of aerodynamics discovered by Montgomery were combined by his engineering skill and technology to produce a heavier-than-air flying machine which had complete control: the cambered wing, rear stabilizer, flexible wingtips, and the wing-warping aileron. — Map (db m7127) HM|
|California (Trinity County), Trinity Center — “Jim Swett Field”|
|Name amended 1997by resolution
to honor Trinity County Resident
Colonel James E. Swett – USMC Ret.
A World War II Marine Aviator
who on April 7th 1943 was awarded
the Congressional Medal of Honor,
our Nations highest award, for Bravery
above and beyond the call of duty during
air combat in the Pacific Theater. — Map (db m56237) HM|
|California (Trinity County), Weaverville — Race Track – Airport – Golf Course|
|Once known as China Graveyard Ridge, by late August, 1871, Alex Love developed a racetrack on this site 550 yards in length. This popular quarter mile track saw the names of horses like “Hayfork Kitty” and “Hollywood” owned by John Van Matre. Mart Van Matre was famous on this track with his winning horses. Charlie Daniels, a local Indian, was popular with his palomino. Horse fanciers and enthusiasts came out for decades to watch the races. By the 1920’s racing had been . . . — Map (db m56190) HM|
|Colorado (Adams County), Bennett — 218 — Front Range Flight|
|The Rocky Mountains proved a formidable barrier to early aviation, leaving Colorado in a familiar position: bypassed. As with the railroads fifty years earlier, transcontinental air traffic went through Wyoming; Colorado had to make do with a Denver-based spur line—in this case, Colorado Airways, which began flying the fifty-five-minute Denver-to-Cheyenne route in 1926. Airplane technology quickly conquered the mountains, and Front Rangers began taking to the skies. In 1938 Continental . . . — Map (db m70525) HM|
|Colorado (El Paso County), Colorado Springs — B-52D Stratofortress — "Diamond Lil" — 1957 - 1983|
|Dedicated to the men and women of the
Strategic Air Command who flew and maintained
the B-52D throughout its 26-year history in the
command. Aircraft 55-083, with over 15,000 flying
hours, is one of two B-52Ds credited with a
confirmed MIG kill during the Vietnam Conflict.
Flying out of U-Tapao Royal Thai Naval Airfield in
Southern Thailand, the crew of “Diamond Lil” shot
down a MIG northeast of Hanoi during
“Linebacker II” action on Christmas Eve, 1972. — Map (db m43208) HM|
|Colorado (El Paso County), Colorado Springs — The United States Air Force Academy|
|Directly in front of you is the Academy which is dedicated to producing highly qualified and motivated officers for your U.S. Air Force. Its four year program combines Military and academic instruction and athletic competition. The airfield in the foreground is a focal point for soaring, parachuting and powered flight activities. To your right at the foot of the mountains is the Cadet area where 4,400
men and women Cadets live and study. The Academy welcomes visitors daily from 9 A.M. to 3 P.M.
The entrance is Two miles ahead. — Map (db m4884) HM|
|Connecticut (Fairfield County), Trumbull — In Memory of Lt. Rodney L. Stokes and Sgt. Julius G. Skyberg|
|In Memory of Lt. Rodney L. Stokes of Liberty, Mississippi, and Sgt. Julius G. Skyberg of DeSmet, South Dakota Who Lost Their Lives While Fulfilling Their Duties When Their Airplane Crashed on This Spot on Sunday January 23, 1944. Placed Here by Another Airman — Map (db m77504) HM WM|
|Connecticut (Hartford County), New Britain — Charles K. Hamilton|
|Charles K. Hamilton
From This Area
July 2, 1910
Flew the First Airplane
New Britain Herald
Chamber of Commerce
New Britain Lodge of Elks 957
In Memory Of
Brother Charles K. Hamilton
Paul I. Manafort, Mayor
Wm. J. Humason, Chairman — Map (db m41438) HM|
|Connecticut (Litchfield County), New Milford — Space Shuttle Tire|
| Space Shuttle Discovery Main Landing Gear Tire
Mission Duration 10 Days
Distance Traveled 4.1 million miles
Maximum Altitude 360 statute miles
Tire Rollout Distance 7,066 feet
Tire Rollout Time 60 seconds
February 21, 1997 at 3:32:26 am EST on Runway 33
Shuttle Mission STS-82 servicing the Hubble Telescope
Flown Space Shuttle Tire
on loan from NASA
National Aeronautics and Space Administration
Manufactured by Michelin in . . . — Map (db m70963) HM|
|Delaware (Kent County), Dover — Commemoration Park|
13 September 1997
436th Civil Engineering Squadron — Map (db m51022) HM|
|Delaware (Kent County), Dover — KC-86 — Former Site of ILC Dover — Makers of the Apollo Moonsuit|
|In 1947 the International Latex Corporation established a specialty products division and chose this site for its location. The company’s rise to prominence as a supplier of aeronautic and aerospace equipment began in 1952 when it was contracted to produce high altitude pressure helmets for the military. By the late 1950s the plant was producing pressure suits and developing prototype helmets for the space program. In 1962 the company was contracted to supply space suits for NASA’s Apollo Lunar . . . — Map (db m39062) HM|
|Delaware (Kent County), Dover — KC-68 — Hangar 1301|
|Constructed in 1944, Hangar 1301 served as the headquarters and engineering facility for the 4146th Base Unit from 1944 to 1946. Highly secret testing and development work was done here on air-launched rocket weapons. Aircraft used in testing ranged from P-47 Thunderbolts to four-engine bombers including B-17 Flying Fortresses and B-24 Liberators. Even single engine light planes were outfitted with multiple rocket launchers to test the feasibility of providing additional firepower for all types . . . — Map (db m50623) HM|
|Delaware (Kent County), Dover — T-33A Shooting Star|
|The two-seater T-33 was developed as a variant of Lockheed's P-80 fighter which had a high accident rate until more training with an onboard instructor reversed that trend. In service for over 50 years, the T-33, known as the Shooting Star of T-Bird, was used by the U.S. Air Force to train pilots already qualified to fly propeller-driven aircraft and as an advanced trainer.|
In the early 1960s, the T-33 was replaced by the T-37 and T-38 Talon in the USAF's undergraduate pilot training . . . — Map (db m50626) HM
|Delaware (New Castle County), New Castle — NC-134 — Site of Bellanca Airfield|
|An airfield, aircraft plant, and service hangar were built here in 1928 by Giuseppe Mario Bellanca and Henry B. duPont. An aviation pioneer, Bellanca immigrated from Italy in 1912. His plane Columbia was Charles Lindbergh's choice for a Trans-Atlantic crossing, but he was unable to secure its use. Two weeks after Lindbergh's flight Columbia was flown non-stop to Berlin, a world record 3,911 miles. Bellanca's Miss Veedol flew the first Trans-Pacific flight in 1931. Over the . . . — Map (db m14133) HM|
|Delaware (New Castle County), Wilmington — NC-127 — Site of DuPont Airfield|
|In 1924, a private airfield was established here by Henry B. duPont. Charles Lindbergh landed here in October 1927. With Richard duPont’s purchase of controlling interest in All-American Aviation, and Henry duPont’s establishment of Atlantic Aviation in 1938, the airfield was expanded, becoming one of the most modern privately owned public-use facilities in the country. Though civil flights were restricted during World War II, the DuPont Airfield continued to prosper as a flight training site . . . — Map (db m43757) HM|
|District of Columbia (Washington), Joint Base Anacostia-Bolling [JBAB] — Bolling Air Force Base|
Old Bolling Field
1917 - Survey for the site of a military flying field to be used for defense of Washington and for proficiency flying. Captain William "Billy" Mitchell, commander of Army Signal Corps Aeronautics Division urges purchase of a tract of land near the Potomac.
1918 - Bolling Field is established just north of the present Bolling Air Force Base site - named for Colonel Raynal C. Bolling, Assistant Chief of Air Service. Colonel Bolling was the first . . . — Map (db m63896) HM|
|District of Columbia (Washington), Joint Base Anacostia-Bolling [JBAB] — In Memory of Col. Raynal C. Bolling|
|[Panel No. 1]:
"Whatever happens to me will be the result of action, not inaction or drift."
[Panel No. 2]:
On April 7, 1917, the day after President Wilson's war message to Congress, Major Raynal Cawthorne Bolling of the Air Service Reserve requested continuous active duty and reported to Mineola Field, Long Island to await orders.
As a citizen-soldier in the New York National Guard, he had helped . . . — Map (db m63899) HM|
|District of Columbia (Washington), Joint Base Anacostia-Bolling [JBAB] — Republic F-105D Thunderchief|
|This aircraft, of a type used extensively in Southeast Asia air operations, is dedicated to all the courageous airmen who gave their lives in honor during that conflict. — Map (db m63898) HM|
|District of Columbia (Washington), Joint Base Anacostia-Bolling [JBAB] — T-28 Trojan|
|Dedicated to Pilots, Crew, and Maintenance Personnel who served at
Anacostia Naval Air Station — Map (db m63900) HM|
|District of Columbia (Washington), Southeast — F-16 Fighting Falcon — 113 Wing, D.C. Air National Guard|
The F-16 became the D.C. Air National Guard alert duty aircraft on Sept. 11, 2001. For twelve years, this capable fighter has responded to more than 4,000 individual alert missions over the District of Columbia. The U.S. Air Force has flown the F-16 in every major conflict since its operational service date in 1980, including: Panama, the Gulf War,
Operations Northern and Southern Watch, Iraqi Freedom, Allied Force, Noble Eagle, Enduring Freedom, New Dawn and . . . — Map (db m74097) HM WM|
|District of Columbia (Washington), Southeast — UH-IV Iroquois — Army National Guard — District of Columbia Armory|
| The venerable UH-I “HUEY” helicopter was a beloved work horse for the
District of Columbia Army National Guard, safely and reliably supporting the
Nation’s Capital for over 40 years. With 2-4 crew members, HUEYs carried
up to 6 litter patients (UH-IV) or 11 combat equipped (UH-IH).
The UH-1’s top airspeed was 124 knots. Maximum weight was 9,599 lbs.
with 2,000 lbs of load capacity.
Dating back to 1971, UH-1 units included the Headquarters Aviation
Detachment, the . . . — Map (db m73785) HM WM|
|District of Columbia (Washington), The Mall — T.S.C. Lowe's Observation Flight|
|On June 18, 1861, T.S.C. Lowe made a tethered observation flight with his gas-filled balloon Enterprise from a spot on the National Mall in front of where the National Air and Space Museum now stands. During this flight, he sent the first telegram ever dispatched from the air to President Lincoln in the White House, describing what could be seen from an altitude of 500 feet. The ascent marked the beginning of an observation balloon corps for the U.S. Army, the first American military . . . — Map (db m43353) HM|
|District of Columbia (Washington), Washington Navy Yard — U.S. Experimental Model Basin|
|Site of U.S. Experimental Model Basin 1898-1955
Founded by Rear Admiral David Watson Taylor who was the Director until 1914.
Here the Navy laid the foundations for research in ship and aircraft design with the establishment of a 470 foot towing tank in 1898 and an 8-by 8-foot closed circuit wind tunnel in 1914, both of which were first in the United States. Structural research on naval ships was begun in 1922. To those pioneers in naval science, whose work is being continued and extended . . . — Map (db m10456) HM|
|District of Columbia (Washington), West Potomac Park — Air Mail|
|The world's first airplane mail to be operated as a continuously scheduled public service started from this field May 15, 1918.
The route connected Washington, Philadelphia and New York. Curtiss JN 4-H airplanes with a capacity of 150 pounds of mail flew the 230 miles in about three hours.
The service was inaugurated by the Post Office Department in cooperation with the Aviation Section of the Signal Corps of the U. S. Army. On August 12, 1918, the service was taken over in its entirety by the Post Office Department. — Map (db m17619) HM|
|Florida (Bay County), Panama City — F-154 — Panama City Airport|
|Established 1945 on Fannin Field Panama City-Bay County Airport 1964 Panama City-Bay County Airport and Industrial District 1967 Developed and controlled by Representative Airport Authorities in conjunction with the Federal Aviation Agency Control Tower erected by Federal Aviation Agency 1967 — Map (db m8150) HM|
|Florida (Brevard County), Cape Canaveral — Complex 14|
|Vc = Ro √(g/Ro+h)
"… one of the most complex tasks ever presented to man in this country -- the achievement of manned flight in orbit around the earth." - John F. Kennedy
Thirty-Fifth President of the United States
This marker commemorates the National Aeronautics and Space Administration's Project Mercury, which first put free men into space. The four manned orbital capsules were boosted into space by Atlas rockets, which were launched by the United States Air Force from . . . — Map (db m69963) HM|
|Florida (Brevard County), Cape Canaveral — Port Canaveral Historic Milestones — Space|
1961 – Freedom 7, First space capsule recovered through the Port
1989 – Foreign Trade Zone (FTZ) 136 activated
1989 – First quadramodal connection between sea, land, air and space
1992 – SPACEHAB, First FTZ 136 facility built at Port
2001 – Delta IV rocket arrived aboard the Delta Mariner floating hangar — Map (db m59648) HM|
|Florida (Brevard County), Cocoa Beach — I Dream of Jeannie|
|I Dream of Jeannie was part of Cocoa Beach when a television sitcom ran from 1965 to 1979 starring Barbara Eden as a 2000 year old female genie and Larry Hagman as an astronaut. The TV series was set in and around Cocoa Beach. Barbara Eden visited Cocoa Beach in 1969 when the “I Dream of Jeannie” street sign was placed at Lori Wilson Park. — Map (db m58754) HM|
|Florida (Brevard County), Melbourne — Lincoln Hotel — (Now the Florida Air Academy)|
|The south side of this building was originally built in 1923 as the home for the Ernest Kouwen-Hoven family. During the year they lived in it, it was the scene of many spectacular parties, as well as more down-to-earth "crab-boils" held on the spacious lawn.
Purchased in 1926 by the Widrig brothers, additions were made to the building and it became the Lincoln Hotel. The hopes of the Widrigs to make Melbourne another Palm Beach with their beautiful hostelry, did not materialize.
In . . . — Map (db m66833) HM|
|Florida (Brevard County), Melbourne — Site of the B-24 Crash During W.W. II|
|On the night of March 26, 1944, three B-24 aircraft were flying loose formation from Chatham field in Savannah, Georgia on a training flight. Somewhere over the Atlantic ocean, two of the planes went down without even giving a distress signal. The third B-24 developed engine trouble, losing power in three engines. As the fourth engine began to fail, the crew tried to land at Melbourne Naval Air Station (Melbourne International Airport). The aircraft crashed just west of the Florida East Coast . . . — Map (db m66829) HM|
|Florida (Brevard County), Merritt Island — SATAN Tracking Antenna|
|The primary function of the SATAN tracking antenna was to receive radio signals in the Ultra High Frequency (UHF) range of 136 to 137 megahertz from orbiting unmanned spacecraft.
In service from 1964 until 1979 the SATAN Antenna supported the tracking of over sixty weather or scientific satellites.
These satellites resulted in our present understanding of weather, earth resources, planetary and interplanetary phenomena. — Map (db m13923) HM|
|Florida (Broward County), Fort Lauderdale — Mackey Airlines, Inc.|
|Founded in 1946 by Colonel Joseph Mackey, Mackey Airlines became (August 5, 1952) the first certificated carrier in Broward authorized to engage in scheduled foreign transportation. Operations began January 2, 1953 between Fort Lauderdale, West Palm Beach and Nassau, N.P. Bahamas. Increased certification later allowed service to all Bahama Islands from Fort Laudrdale-Hollywood, Miami, West Palm Beach, St. Petersburg, Tampa and Jacksonville. Mackey operated without mail pay or subsidy. . . . — Map (db m61917) HM|
|Florida (Duval County), Jacksonville Beach — F- 293 — Doolittle's 1922 Record Flight|
|Aviation pioneers were attracted to Northeast Florida's hard, wide beaches. Pablo Beach, as Jacksonville Beach was known until 1925, served as takeoff or terminal point for several early coast-to-coast flights. The first of these, in 1912, required 115 days to reach Pablo Beach from Pasadena, California. On September 4, 1922, Army Lieutenant James H. ("Jimmy") Doolittle took off from the sands of Pablo Beach in a DeHavilland DH-4 biplane and landed in San Diego less than 24 hours later. He made . . . — Map (db m57600) HM|
|Florida (Hillsborough County), Tampa — History in the Air — A Look at the Military Aircraft of MacDill|
|Since the first wave of B-18 Super Heavy Bombers arrived at MacDill in 1940, the base has seen a remarkable variety of America's finest military aircraft. MacDill's first mission included transitional training on the B-17 Flying Fortress. After World War II started, the base became a major Army Air Forces staging platform. LB-30s and B-17s would take off from MacDill and head for combat via the Atlantic Ocean. As the war progressed, the base's mission changed from pilot and crew training on the . . . — Map (db m34132) HM|
|Florida (Hillsborough County), Tampa — MacDill: 1950 to 2000 — The Base Maneuvers Through the Years|
| 3 F-80 Shooting Stars Fly to Korea In February 1951, MacDill's 307th deployed to Okinawa for the Korean conflict. It was one of the first units to move its fighting forces overseas. MacDill During Vietnam During the Vietnam conflict, MacDill AFB provided pilot training for combat missions using F-4 Fighter Jets and B-51 Bombers. In July 1965, MacDill's 45th Tactical Fighter Squadron was the first F-4 unit in Southeast Asia, and was credited with the first air victory of the Vietnam . . . — Map (db m34149) HM|
|Florida (Hillsborough County), Tampa — Tampa Goes to War — U.S. Enters WWII and MacDill Readies the Air Attack|
| MacDill's First Base Commander • Col. Clarence L. Tinker took command on March 11, 1940 • First Native American to attain the rank of Major General • Killed in action in Pacific Theater during Battle for Midway in 1942 • Tinker AFB in Oklahoma City, OK and Tinker Elementary School in Tampa, FL are named in his honor Before he piloted the historic mission over Hiroshima, Col. Paul Tibbets was Commander of the 340th Bomb Squadron - 97th Bombardment Group at MacDill. In 1959, . . . — Map (db m34123) HM|
|Florida (Hillsborough County), Tampa — Tampa Salutes MacDill AFB — A Look at Over 60 Years of Growth and Change|
|On January 14, 1941, Col. Clarence Tinker landed a twin-engined B-18 Bomber on the first MacDill Field runway and a new era for Tampa was born. Soon after, the U.S. would enter World War II and MacDill's pilot training would prove to be an important part of the Allies' superiority in the air. Since then, the base and the Tampa community have continued to grow and change along with the times and the needs of our country. Today, the base is home to over fifty mission partners, each committed to . . . — Map (db m34109) HM|
|Florida (Hillsborough County), Tampa — Technology • Power • Diversity — MacDill's Mission and Its Aircraft Move Forward|
|Although the F-4 Phantom was used as a fighter jet in Vietnam, it was originally designed as an interceptor for defense of the fleet against air attack. The need for a jet designed as a fighter led to the introduction of the F-16. Between 1979 and 1993 approximately half of all F-16 pilots were trained at MacDill AFB. Political international, and economic factors have led to many changes since the 1990s. Although F-16 training moved away in 1993, one year later, the Haiti conflict brought . . . — Map (db m34140) HM|
|Florida (Hillsborough County), Tampa — Today at MacDill AFB — The Partnership Continues into the 21st Century...|
|As the base and the City of Tampa progress through the 21st century, they face new challenges in the ever-changing global landscape. Today, over 50 different groups operate from the base and over 13,000 military and civilian personnel are assigned to MacDill. Tampa and MacDill have seen incredible changes since the partnership began in 1939, but they have always worked together to provide the greatest benefit to the community and to the country. From combat pilot training during times of . . . — Map (db m34153) HM|
|Florida (Hillsborough County), Tampa — World's First Scheduled Commercial Airline|
The world's first scheduled
near this site. St. Petersburg to Tampa
Jan 1, 1914
Pilot of Benoist Airboat
P.E. Fansler, Owner
Erected Feb 1956 by the
Tampa Federation of
Garden Club Circles
breathes the future. — Map (db m34230) HM|
|Florida (Lake County), Clermont — Dean R. Gilmore|
|Lt. Gilmore's P-51B Propeller Tip. In honor of Dean R. Gilmore, 1st LT USAAF, 14 Nov 21 - 14 Nov 44. Winner of the Distinguished Flying Cross, Italy, 1944. Killed in a training crash in Lake Louisa on November 14, 1944. Lt. Gilmore and thousands of other military aviators trained throughout central Florida during World War II. Though many were taken from us in combat and in training, we do not mourn them as they now fly with one more divine. Wreckage cleared by Lake County Sheriff's Office dive . . . — Map (db m62012) HM WM|
|Florida (Leon County), Tallahassee — F-444 — Dale Mabry Field|
|In October 1940, hundreds of laborers began clearing swampland for temporary quarters for Dale Mabry Army Air Base, named in honor of a young Tallahassee dirigible pilot who died in 1922 after serving in World War I. In 1941, America entered World War II. The need for a place to train pilots prompted the federal government to set a 90-day completion deadline. Eventually, the base became a nearly self-sufficient city, with several runways, barracks, officers’ quarters, mess hall, hangers, a . . . — Map (db m79561) HM|
|Florida (Manatee County), Longboat Key — World War II Bombing Range|
During the war years of the 1940s, the Army Air Corps had bombing targets set up near here and pilots in training from many bases in Florida took turns shooting at targets set up near the beach. Later on, they tried skip bombing techniques and unfortunately lost many pilots in the Gulf of Mexico when the planes failed to pull up in time. Shopping became a problem for the families at the north end of the Key since the road on Longboat Key was blocked during target practice and there was no . . . — Map (db m79431) HM|
|Florida (Miami-Dade County), Miami — Dinner Key|
|Picnikers in sailboat days gave the key its name. In World War I, it was a Naval air base. In 1930, Pan American World Airways here inaugurated flying boat service to Latin America, erecting huge hangars and a terminal. The U.S. Government dredged first channel in history especially for aircraft. Over 100,000 visitors a month came to see the giant Flying Clippers.
Coast Guard established seaplane base in 1932. In World War II, Navy and Pan American operated flying boats here until Latin . . . — Map (db m75186) HM|
|Florida (Miami-Dade County), Miami — Naval Air Station Richmond — WWII L.T.A. Facility|
|At this site, on 15 September 1942, the United States Navy established a 2,000 acre (810 hectare) lighter-than-air facility. The Navy constructed 3 huge hangers, each 17 stories (175 feet/54 meters) high, 297 feet (110.5 meters) wide, and 1,088 feet (404.8 meters) in length. Among the largest wooden structures in the world, each covered about 7 acres (2.8 hectares). This base was home to Fleet Airship Wing 2 and Airship Patrol Squadron ZP-21, consisting of 25 “K” class blimps. . . . — Map (db m73415) HM|
|Florida (Orange County), Orlando — F-401 — Astronaut John Watts Young|
|John Watts Young, NASA astronaut, Gemini veteran, Apollo moonwalker, and space shuttle commander, was the first American to travel in space six times. As an Orlando High School student, Young lived in this house at 815 West Princeton Street from 1945 until graduation in 1948. In 1965, he co-piloted Gemini-Titan III, a program that directly benefited Project Apollo's development and the first voyage to the moon. In 1972, Young was aboard Apollo XVI, the fifth manned landing on the moon, and was . . . — Map (db m72371) HM|
|Florida (Orange County), Orlando — F-644 — Orlando Army Air Base|
|Orlando Municipal Airport opened in 1928 on 65 acres of land north of Lake Underhill. In 1940, with Europe at war, the United States Army took over the airport for defense purposes, activating it as the Orlando Army Air Base on September 1, 1940. The first Army Air Corps planes arrived on September 5, 1940. The Base provided a training center for pilots and fighter and bomber groups. The United States entered World War II on December 7, 1941, after the attack on Pearl Harbor. In 1942, B-17 . . . — Map (db m54047) HM|