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Air & Space Historical Markers

1485 markers matched your search criteria. The first 200 markers are listed. Next 1285
 
Craig Air Force Base Marker looking toward U.S. Highway 80. image, Click for more information
By Mark Hilton, January 24, 2016
Craig Air Force Base Marker looking toward U.S. Highway 80.
Alabama (Dallas County), Selma — Craig Air Force Base — Advanced Flying Training School
On May 3. 1941, the largest flying field in the United States, military or civilian, opened its gates as a new unit of the Southeast Air Corps Training Center, where flying cadets received advanced schooling in the handling of multi-mile-a-minute . . . — Map (db m92359) HM
Alabama (Dallas County), Selma — Joe T. Pilcher, Jr. — 1929 - 1987
. . . — Map (db m92372) HM
Alabama (Franklin County), Hodges — "Spirit of Hodges"
The Town of Hodges held a war bond auction in the month of January 1943. The proceeds amounted to about $47,000. As an award, the war department allowed Hodges to name a P-51 Mustang Fighter aircraft. She was named "The Spirit of Hodges." The plane . . . — Map (db m83741) HM
Alabama (Jefferson County), Birmingham — CDR "Snuffy" Smith — Navy Light Attack Aircraft A-7 Corsair II
(First Plaque): Navy pilots typically had their names painted on the side and just below the cockpit of one of the squadron aircraft. Most also had "Call Signs," some of which became the nickname of the pilot. On the display aircraft this . . . — Map (db m83808) HM
Alabama (Jefferson County), Birmingham — History of the 117th Tactical Reconnaissance Wing
January 1922 Federal Recognition 135th Observation Squadron May 1923 Redesignated 114th Observation Squadron January 1924 Redesignated 106th Observation Squadron October 1943 Redesignated 100th Bombardment Squadron November 1946 . . . — Map (db m27388) HM
Alabama (Lauderdale County), Florence — “Gooney Bird” Propeller
This Hamilton-Standard 23E50-505 hydromatic propeller is from Douglas Aircraft C-47 transport plane known as the Gooney Bird. The C-47s operated in both the European and Pacific theaters of W.W. II as troop and cargo transports, and initiated . . . — Map (db m69659) HM
Alabama (Lauderdale County), Florence — Lieutenant Colonel R. Edward Yeilding — United States Air Force
This F-4D Phantom is displayed in honor of Lt. Col. Edward Yeilding and all Veterans who served with the Phantom aircraft. Captain Ed Yeiding’s name is painted on the front canopy to honor his nine years flying Phantoms similar to this F-4D and . . . — Map (db m84028) HM
Alabama (Lauderdale County), Florence — Lt. Col. R. Edward Yeilding — City of Florence Walk of Honor
After flying more than 90 worldwide reconnaissance missions, in 1990 Lt. Col. Ed Yeilding set a coast to coast aircraft speed record of 67 minutes 54 seconds flying an SR-71 spy plane, which is now at the Smithsonian. — Map (db m84030) HM
Alabama (Lauderdale County), Florence — Ronnie Gene Flippo — City of Florence Walk of Honor
In his 14 years in the U.S. House of Representatives (1977-1991), Ronnie Flippo held such important posts as the chairmanship of the Space Science Subcommittee during the development of the space shuttle, Columbia. — Map (db m84045) HM
Alabama (Lauderdale County), Florence — The Cobra Helicopter
The AH-1 Cobra is an anti-armor close support/attack helicopter. The Cobra is powered by a General Electric T-700-GE-401 turboshaft engine. The Cobra is 58’ long, has a wingspan of 10’-7”, and is 14’-2” in height. The AH-1 flies at 175 . . . — Map (db m69648) HM
Alabama (Lauderdale County), Florence — The Phantom
The Phantom The F-4 Phantom was the U.S. Air Force’s fastest, highest-flying and longest-range fighter. It first flew May 27, 1958, and entered United States Air Force service in 1963. It was named Phantom II on July 3, 1959, during a . . . — Map (db m69636) HM
Alabama (Lawrence County), Courtland — Courtland Army Air Field (CAAF): Beginnings/Flight Schools
(side 1) Courtland Army Air Field (CAAF): Beginnings Following the onset of WWII the Army Air Corps initiated an ambitious pilot training program. During its most active period, this program would train over 100,000 pilots per . . . — Map (db m74409) HM
Alabama (Lawrence County), Courtland — Courtland Army Air Field (CAAF): Facilities/Deactivation
(side 1) Courtland Army Air Field (CAAF): Facilities At its greatest strength, CAAF was home to 4600 officers, enlisted servicemen, and cadets. During the war years it was the largest population center within Lawrence County. Over . . . — Map (db m74411) HM
Alabama (Limestone County), Ardmore — The Saturn Legacy
The 224-foot Saturn IB Rocket displayed here is one of three launched vehicles in the Saturn family of rockets developed in Huntsville. The Saturn IB rocket had more power than the earlier Saturn I- enough for orbital missions with the Apollo . . . — Map (db m85385) HM
Alabama (Limestone County), Decatur — Southeast Air Forces Training Center — (Pryor Field)
The Southeast Air Forces Training Center operated by Southern Aviation Training School, also known as Pryor Field, was constructed in 1941. These two aircraft hangars and beacon tower are the remaining artifacts of one of only a few World War II . . . — Map (db m85425) HM
Alabama (Macon County), Tuskegee Airmen National Historic Site — A Bit to Eat
Known as the Tea Room, this small lunchroom was built during the initial expansion phase of Moton Field in 1942 and 1943, when amenities such as offices and bathrooms not built into the original hangar were added. Here, personnel stationed at . . . — Map (db m64362) HM
Alabama (Macon County), Tuskegee Airmen National Historic Site — A Typical Day
Try to imagine how Moton Field looked and sounded when the cadets trained here. Compare the scene today to the photograph below, taken from your vantage point around 1944. As the pace of training accelerated during the war, Moton Field became a . . . — Map (db m64366) HM
Alabama (Macon County), Tuskegee Airmen National Historic Site — Anticipation
During World War II a guard house stood just outside the brick entrance gates to Moton Field. The framed structure closest to you is a representation of the guard house. The historic entrance gates are just beyond. How excited the young cadets must . . . — Map (db m99927) HM
Alabama (Macon County), Tuskegee Airmen National Historic Site — Bath and Locker House
This building was completed in 1941 as a restroom, shower, and locker room for administrative and support personnel. It had facilities for both men and women. Both black and white may have used the building. If so, it almost certainly would have . . . — Map (db m64361) HM
Alabama (Macon County), Tuskegee Airmen National Historic Site — Fire Suppression Pond
A fire at an airfield, with highly flammable materials everywhere, could be catastrophic. The Bath and Locker House fire shown here highlighted the need for a dependable water supply for firefighting. A pond met that need. It also helped control . . . — Map (db m99925) HM
Alabama (Macon County), Tuskegee Airmen National Historic Site — Ghost Structures
The Cadet House and the Army Supply Building provided much-needed space when training operations expanded in 1942 and 1943. The Cadet House also held a cadet classroom and waiting room, a coat room, and the Flight Surgeon's Office. The Army Supply . . . — Map (db m99926) HM
Alabama (Macon County), Tuskegee Airmen National Historic Site — Hangar No. 1
In Hangar No. 1 flying became real for the aviation cadet. The hangar housed the main activities of the airfield, including flight debriefings, flight record-keeping, aircraft maintenance, and military and civilian management. Several smaller . . . — Map (db m64365) HM
Alabama (Macon County), Tuskegee Airmen National Historic Site — It Was Called "Dope"
During World War II primary training airplanes were built mostly of wood and fabric. Ground crews sealed and strengthened the fabric with several applications of a highly flammable, explosive acetate coating called "dope." This shed was used to . . . — Map (db m99930) HM
Alabama (Macon County), Tuskegee Airmen National Historic Site — Moton Field Expands
This is the site of Hangar No. 2, completed in early 1944 in response to the tremendous increase in the number of cadets training at Moton Field. The building, nearly identical to Hangar No. 1, contained classrooms, a briefing room, a medical . . . — Map (db m99931) HM
Alabama (Macon County), Tuskegee Airmen National Historic Site — New Vistas
Moton Field was built by Tuskegee Institute, now Tuskegee University, in 1941 after the school contracted with the U.S. Army to provide primary flight training for the nation's first African American military pilots. By the end of World War II . . . — Map (db m99940) HM
Alabama (Macon County), Tuskegee Airmen National Historic Site — Oil Storage Shed
This ventilated shed provided safe and convenient storage for the large quantities and various grades of oil used at Moton Field for the maintenance of airplanes and service vehicles. It has been adapted to house the site's fire protection system. . . . — Map (db m99929) HM
Alabama (Macon County), Tuskegee Airmen National Historic Site — Prepared to Fight and Die
Tuskegee Airmen National Historic Site commemorates the contributions of the Tuskegee Airmen during World War II—and to American society afterward. The site preserves Moton Field, where the airmen trained before going to war. Their courageous . . . — Map (db m99938) HM
Alabama (Macon County), Tuskegee Airmen National Historic Site — The Control Tower
From Moton Field’s Control Tower, controllers directed flight operations and signaled landing instructions to pilots through a system of flashing colored lights. Dispatchers called cadets for their flights. The tower overlooked the busy – . . . — Map (db m64363) HM
Alabama (Macon County), Tuskegee Airmen National Historic Site — The Place Where We Learned to Fly
Over 1,000 cadets learned to fly here at Moton Field, taking off and landing on an open, grassy field beyond the structures below. The field was used so intensely for primary flight training during World War II that the aircraft soon rutted the . . . — Map (db m99941) HM
Alabama (Macon County), Tuskegee Airmen National Historic Site — The Tuskegee Airmen
The first African American fighter pilots in the U.S. Army Air Corps were the public face of the Tuskegee Airmen. They made extraordinary contributions to the Allied victory in Europe during World War II. But their success was made possible by the . . . — Map (db m99934) HM
Alabama (Macon County), Tuskegee Airmen National Historic Site — They Came to Tuskegee
Young African American men came to Tuskegee from all over the nation to train as military pilots. They began with primary flight training here at Tuskegee Institute's Moton Field. Tuskegee Institute also had a smaller field, Kennedy Field, where . . . — Map (db m99935) HM
Alabama (Macon County), Tuskegee Airmen National Historic Site — Waiting for the Bus
The tarmac between the two hangars was a busy part of Moton Field. Cadets arriving by bus were dropped off here and went to their duties in preparation for flight training. Others boarded the buses to return to the Tuskegee Institute campus. Fuel . . . — Map (db m99681) HM
Alabama (Macon County), Tuskegee Institute — The Tuskegee Airmen's Plaza
This plaza is dedicated to the memory of the Tuskegee Airmen, including General Daniel "Chappie" James, whose training at Tuskegee University and the Tuskegee Army Air Field enabled them to prove for all time the competence and bravery of Black . . . — Map (db m20076) HM
Alabama (Madison County), Huntsville — Armstrong • Collins • Aldrin — Launched: July 16, 1969 • Landed: July 20, 1969 • Splashdown: July 24, 1969 — "That's one small step for a man, one giant leap for mankind."
Neil Armstrong, Apollo 11 commander, spoke his famous words as he stepped onto the surface of the Moon. On July 20, 1969, President John F. Kennedy's mandate that America go to the Moon was fulfilled - Apollo 11's lunar module Eagle . . . — Map (db m85465) HM
Alabama (Madison County), Huntsville — Cernan • Evans • Schmitt — Launched: December 7, 1972 • Landed: December 11, 1972 • Splashdown: December 19, 1972 — "...America's challenge of today has forged man's destiny of tomorrow."
Commander Gene Cernan spoke these words as the last man to walk on the Moon. Apollo 17 was the final Apollo mission and the crowning achievement of the entire Apollo program. The mission set numerous Apollo program records: the longest mission, . . . — Map (db m85489) HM
Alabama (Madison County), Huntsville — Conrad • Gordon • Bean — Launched: November 14, 1969 • Landed: November 19, 1969 • Splashdown: November 24, 1969 — "I see the Surveyor! I see the Surveyor!"
Command module pilot Richard Gordon assured Pete Conrad, lunar module commander, that his landing was right on target. Apollo 12 stands out as the first of the Moon flights to achieve a pinpoint landing. Despite a rocky start caused by . . . — Map (db m85492) HM
Alabama (Madison County), Huntsville — External Tank — Liquid Propellent Supply for Space Shuttle Main Engines
The tank exhibited at the U. S. Space & Rocket Center is real. It was delivered to NASA in 1977 it was the first ever built for the shuttle program. The tank was used in the Space Shuttle Main Engine test program at NASA’s Stennis Space Center in . . . — Map (db m98216) HM
Alabama (Madison County), Huntsville — Formation of the George C. Marshall Space Flight Center
On September 8, 1960, President Dwight Eisenhower formally dedicated the George C. Marshall Space Flight Center in Huntsville, Alabama, as a new field installation of the National Aeronautic and Space Administration (NASA) organization that had . . . — Map (db m50147) HM
Alabama (Madison County), Huntsville — Grissom • White • Chaffee — Date of Incident: January 27, 1967 • Intended Launch Date: February 21, 1967 — "Fire in the Cockpit!"
These were among the last words from Apollo 1. On January 27, 1967, the first scheduled Apollo flight, Apollo/Saturn 204, was undergoing routine launch pad tests. Soon after the crew was sealed inside the command module, a deadly fire exploded . . . — Map (db m85495) HM
Alabama (Madison County), Huntsville — Hermes Guided Missile
First American-made guided missile put on public display. First showing was May 14, 1953 at Huntsville, home of the world's largest rocket and guided missile research and development center, Redstone Arsenal. — Map (db m34957) HM
Alabama (Madison County), Huntsville — Lovell • Swigert • Haise — Launched: April 11, 1970 • Splashdown: April 17, 1970 — "Okay Houston, Hey, We've got a problem here..."
Commander Jim Lovell's words initiated heroic efforts by crew and mission control to salvage a crippled spacecraft and return Apollo 13 safely to Earth. The Apollo 13 mission is the only Apollo flight remembered primarily for the effort to . . . — Map (db m85543) HM
Alabama (Madison County), Huntsville — Main Engines — Power for Lift-off and Ascent to Orbit
The Pathfinder’s three main engines are real. The two lower engines powered the first flight of Columbia in 1981. The engine located at the top was used in ground test firings. At launch, the three Space Shuttle Main Engines (fed liquid . . . — Map (db m98026) HM
Alabama (Madison County), Huntsville — Major General H.N. Toftoy, USA.
This plaque was placed here by Citizens of Huntsville and Madison County, Alabama, In Honor Of Major General H.N. Toftoy, USA. Who was Commanding General of Redstone Arsenal from September 1, 1954, to March 31, 1958. It was unveiled . . . — Map (db m27906) HM
Alabama (Madison County), Huntsville — McDivitt • Scott • Schweickart / Stafford • Young • Cernan — Launched: March 3, 1969 • Splashdown: March 13,1969 — Launched: May 18, 1969 • Splashdown: May 26, 1969
"…We had to fly once more before we take the big step…" Apollo spacecraft program manager, George Low, explained why landing on the Moon would have to wait a little longer. Apollo missions 9 and 10 served as vital dress rehearsals. Their . . . — Map (db m85544) HM
Alabama (Madison County), Huntsville — Ms. Baker: Monkeynaut
Able, an American-born rhesus monkey, and Baker a South American squirrel monkey, where launched on May 28, 1959, aboard an Army Jupiter missile. Launched in the nose cone, the two animals were carried to a 300-mile altitude, and both were recovered . . . — Map (db m98202) HM
Alabama (Madison County), Huntsville — NASA Skylab
Skylab, the United States' first space station, was manned from May 25, 1973 to February 8, 1974 by three separate astronaut crews. Experiments were performed to enrich our knowledge of Earth, Sun, stars and cosmic space; to study the effects of . . . — Map (db m98190) HM
Alabama (Madison County), Huntsville — NASA/U.S. Geological Survey — Mobile Geological Laboratory
The Mobile Geological Laboratory (MOLAB) was built as part of the development of NASA's Lunar Roving Vehicle(LRV) program. NASA engineers and scientists studied a number of different concepts for vehicles to use on the lunar surface. This rover . . . — Map (db m98200) HM
Alabama (Madison County), Huntsville — Pathfinder — Huntsville's Orbiter for NASA's Fleet
Pathfinder is a 75-ton simulator which was used to practice lifting and handling the real Orbiters. It was originally built at Marshall Space Flight Center in 1977 as a stand-in for Space Shuttle Enterprise to fit-check the roads and . . . — Map (db m98021) HM
Alabama (Madison County), Huntsville — Pathfinder Orbiter — Shuttle “Body Double”
Pathfinder is a test article of NASA Space Shuttle Orbiter, built by Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC) in 1977 to practice lifting and handling the future Orbiter vehicles. Made of scrap rocket parts steel beams and wood, the mockup’s size, shape . . . — Map (db m98197) HM
Alabama (Madison County), Huntsville — Saturn V
Used during the Apollo Lunar Landing Program of the 1960's and 1970's, the Saturn V rocket remains the largest, most powerful rocket ever built. This full scale mock up was completed in July 1999 to serve as the focal point for the 30th . . . — Map (db m85601) HM
Alabama (Madison County), Huntsville — Schirra • Eisele • Cunningham / Borman • Lovell • Anders — Launched: October 11, 1968 • Splashdown: October 22, 1968 — Launched: December 21, 1968 • Splashdown: December 27, 1968
"…A Merry Christmas and God bless all of you • All of you • On the good Earth." With these good wishes, the crew of Apollo 8 signed off their Christmas Eve telecast from orbit around the Moon. These successful flights came only months . . . — Map (db m85602) HM
Alabama (Madison County), Huntsville — Scott • Worden • Irwin — Launched: July 26, 1971 • Landed: July 30, 1971 • Splashdown: August 7, 1971 — "It's really rolling hills, up and down we go, buckin' bronco!"
Lunar module pilot Jim Irwin described his ride in the first lunar rover. The Apollo 15 mission is best remembered for introducing the electric Lunar Roving Vehicle, better known as the rover (which was developed at Huntsville's Marshall Space . . . — Map (db m85603) HM
Alabama (Madison County), Huntsville — Shepard • Roosa • Mitchell — Launched: January 31, 1971 • Landed: February 5, 1971 • Splashdown: February 9, 1971 — "...It's been a long way, but we're here."
Alan Shepard's first words on the Moon - ten years after he made history as the first American in space. Less than a year after the "successful failure" of Apollo 13, the mission of Apollo 14 accomplished much of what its predecessor had hoped . . . — Map (db m85605) HM
Alabama (Madison County), Huntsville — T-38 Talon — Supersonic Jet Trainer
Since the 1960s, NASA astronauts have trained for the stresses of spaceflight in the high-altitude, two-seater, supersonic T-38 Talon. Developed by Northrop Grumman, the T-38 became the world’s first supersonic jet trainer in 1961 when it entered . . . — Map (db m98025) HM
Alabama (Madison County), Huntsville — U.S. Air Force SM-65 Atlas-F
The ATLAS rocket was American's first Intercontinental Ballistic Missile (ICBM). It was first successfully launched in December, 1955. Originally a weapons delivery system, the Atlas D was selected by NASA to be the rocket that sent American . . . — Map (db m98192) HM
Alabama (Madison County), Huntsville — U.S. Army PGM-11 Redstone
First test-launched in August, 1953, the Redstone Medium-Range Ballistic Missile evolved from a five-year Army research and development program. Named for Redstone Arsenal—where it was developed—this vehicle played a crucial role in . . . — Map (db m98220) HM
Alabama (Madison County), Huntsville — U.S. Army PGM-19 Jupiter
America's first Intermediate-range ballistic missile (RBM), the Jupiter Rocket was an outgrowth of Redstone rocket technology. It was developed at Redstone Arsenal under the technical guidance of German rocket engineers. First test-launched in . . . — Map (db m98201) HM
Alabama (Madison County), Huntsville — U.S. Army/NASA Juno II
The Juno II was a modified Jupiter rocket with upper stages and payload sections. Its single engine-just like the Jupiter's-could be gimbaled during launch for steering control. Juno II played an important role in the history of space flight. In . . . — Map (db m98218) HM
Alabama (Madison County), Huntsville — Young • Mattingly • Duke — Launched: April 16, 1972 • Landed: April 20, 1972 • Splashdown: April 27, 1972 — "Look at the size of that rock!"
Lunar module pilot, Charlie Duke, exclaimed. The Apollo 16 astronauts may have qualified for the Guinness Book of World Records for pushing their lunar rover to eleven miles per hour - but that was not their most serious accomplishment. . . . — Map (db m69754) HM
Alabama (Madison County), New Market — Site of Quick Airplane — Construction And Flight
On this site, inventor and early aviation pioneer William Lafayette Quick and his sons designed and built the first airplane to be flown in the State of Alabama. Construction began in 1900. Awaiting an engine, it took nearly eight years to complete. . . . — Map (db m85841) HM
Alabama (Mobile County), Mobile — B-52D "Stratofortress"
Plans for the B-52 began as early as 1945, but the first flight of a B52D was not until June 4, 1956. The operational life of the B-52 spans the period from 1957 to the present, and included the most critical phase of the war in Vietnam. The . . . — Map (db m50424) HM
Alabama (Montgomery County), Maxwell Air Force Base — “Bird-Dog”
The Cessna 305A (O-1A) (L-19A) was used extensively for Forward Air Controller service in Southeast Asia. The “Bird-Dog” was made available to Civil Air Patrol from DOD excess sources and is a proven vehicle in the . . . — Map (db m95826) HM WM
Alabama (Montgomery County), Maxwell Air Force Base — 1Lt Karl W. Richter — Killed in Action July 28, 1967, North Vietnam — Of The Warrior Breed
"Whom shall I send, and who will go for us?... Here am I. Send me." Isaiah 6:8 "Here dead lie we because we did not choose to live and shame the land from which we sprung. Life to be sure is nothing much to lose, but young men think it . . . — Map (db m64566) HM WM
Alabama (Montgomery County), Maxwell Air Force Base — Air University / Maxwell Air Force Base
(Side A) Air University The Air Corps Tactical School moved to Maxwell in 1931. Brilliant young officers like Chennault, Eaker, Fairchild, Hansell, Kuter, LeMay, Quesada, and Vandenberg formulated the aerial strategies and tactics . . . — Map (db m64437) HM
Alabama (Montgomery County), Maxwell Air Force Base — Air University Commanders
Maj Gen Muir S. Fairchild February 1946 – May 1948 Maj Gen Robert W. Harper May 1948 – October 1948 Gen George C. Kenney November 1948 – July 1951 Lt Gen Idwal H. Edwards August 1951 – . . . — Map (db m64368) HM
Alabama (Montgomery County), Maxwell Air Force Base — Always Vigilant
. . . — Map (db m95828) WM
Alabama (Montgomery County), Maxwell Air Force Base — AU "Thinks War"
Post-Vietnam Era marked a turning point for AU. Lt Gen Furlong, AU commander, launched a three year campaign to overhaul the curriculum which became known as “Putting the ‘War’ back into War College.” Between 1975 and 1976 AU gained . . . — Map (db m64375) HM
Alabama (Montgomery County), Maxwell Air Force Base — Boeing B-52D "Stratofortress"
Remaining in operation longer than any bomber in U.S. military history, the B-52 was the Strategic Air Command's principal long-range heavy bomber from the time it became operational in 1955. Affectionately known as the BUFF (Big Ugly Fat . . . — Map (db m64474) HM
Alabama (Montgomery County), Maxwell Air Force Base — British and Commonwealth Pilots Trained in the U.S.A.
In 1941, before Pearl Harbour, President Franklin D. Roosevelt agreed with Prime Minister Winston S. Churchill, to provide flight training for British and Commonwealth pilots in the U.S.A. by the U.S. Army Air Corps. Over 4,000 pilots were . . . — Map (db m64476) HM WM
Alabama (Montgomery County), Maxwell Air Force Base — Cessna T-41A "Mescalero"
The Cessna T-41 was derived from a standard Cessna Model 172 light aviation aircraft. Between 1965 and 1969 the USAF purchased 211 T-41A variants "off the shelf" for the preliminary flight screening of pilot candidates; another 52 T-41C variants . . . — Map (db m64482) HM
Alabama (Montgomery County), Maxwell Air Force Base — Changing Roles of AU
Charged with developing doctrines and concepts for the employment of air power, AU produced the first basic doctrine manuals for the Air Force. AU also gained notoriety with projects such as Corona Harvest, which studied and developed . . . — Map (db m64374) HM
Alabama (Montgomery County), Maxwell Air Force Base — Chennault Circle
To accommodate expansion of programs, a five million dollar construction project began in 1954 to give AU a modern, integrated academic center with a collegiate atmosphere and facilities in keeping with its educational mission. We’re . . . — Map (db m64372) HM
Alabama (Montgomery County), Maxwell Air Force Base — Establishment of Air University 1946
The Army Air Forces school was assigned its first commander, Major General Muir S. Fairchild, in February 1946, and renamed Air University in March. The dedication ceremony occurred 3 Sep 1946. The first classes at the Air War College and the . . . — Map (db m64370) HM
Alabama (Montgomery County), Maxwell Air Force Base — Expansion of Air University
During the early 1950’s, Air Force leaders decided to consolidate and relocate professional military and continuing education activities, as well as commissioning and specialized schools to Maxwell and Gunter Air Force Bases. ”(Air . . . — Map (db m64371) HM
Alabama (Montgomery County), Maxwell Air Force Base — General Larry D. Welch — 12th Chief of Staff of the United States Air Force — Served 1951 - 1990, Aviation Cadet 1953
General (ret) Welch was born in 1934 in Guymon, Okla., and graduated from Liberal (Kan.) High School in 1952. He enlisted in the Kansas National Guard in October 1951, serving with the 161st Armored Field Artillery until enlisting in the U.S. . . . — Map (db m64500) HM
Alabama (Montgomery County), Maxwell Air Force Base — Joint Programs
Air University began new Air War College and Air Command and Staff College programs in 1987 which met newly mandated “Joint” education requirements. These programs emphasized joint war fighting. ”The basic reason for the . . . — Map (db m64378) HM
Alabama (Montgomery County), Maxwell Air Force Base — Lister Hill Center — Named in honor of Senator Lister Hill — 1894-1984
This facility is dedicated to the memory of Senator Lister Hill who faithfully served his state and the nation for forty-five years as a member of the House of Representatives and the United States Senate. An Infantry Officer during World War I, . . . — Map (db m79082) HM
Alabama (Montgomery County), Maxwell Air Force Base — Lt. William C. Maxwell / Air Force ROTC
Lt. William C. Maxwell (Side A) William Calvin Maxwell was born Nov. 9, 1892 in Natchez, Ala. An Army ROTC student at the University of Alabama, he left in 1917 to enlist in the Army. He received his commission in April 1918, after . . . — Map (db m64367) HM
Alabama (Montgomery County), Maxwell Air Force Base — Maj. Gen. Claire L. Chennault / Three Men on a Flying Trapeze
(Side 1) Maj. Gen. Claire L. Chennault Born in Commerce, Tx, on 6 Sep 1893, Chennault was commissioned in 1917 and received his wings in 1919. A graduate of and instructor at the Air Corps Tactical School, he became a leading . . . — Map (db m72169) HM
Alabama (Montgomery County), Maxwell Air Force Base — McDonnell Douglas F-4D "Phantom II"
First flown in May 1958, the Phantom II originally was developed for U.S. Navy fleet defense and entered service in 1961. The USAF evaluated it for close air support, interdiction, and counter-air operations and, in 1962, approved a USAF . . . — Map (db m64504) HM
Alabama (Montgomery County), Maxwell Air Force Base — McDonnell RF-101C "Voodoo"
Ordered in 1951 by the Strategic Air command as a long-range escort fighter, the F-101 lineage included several versions: Low-altitude fighter-bomber; photo-reconnaissance; two-seat interceptor; and transition trainer. To accelerate production, . . . — Map (db m64503) HM
Alabama (Montgomery County), Maxwell Air Force Base — Monument to Powered Flight
In tribute to the perseverance and achievements of the Wright Brothers and the leadership and foresight of the Citizens of Montgomery, Alabama. Together they established the nation's first school of civil aviation in March, 1910, launching . . . — Map (db m64567) HM
Alabama (Montgomery County), Maxwell Air Force Base — North American B-25 Mitchell
The North American B-25 Mitchell, named after America's greatest military martyr (Gen Billy Mitchell), made its maiden flight on 19 August 1940 and was ordered in large numbers straight off the drawing board by the Army Air Corps. Internal . . . — Map (db m64449) HM
Alabama (Montgomery County), Maxwell Air Force Base — North American F-100D "Super Sabre"
Developed as a follow-on to the F-86 Sabrejet used in the Korean Conflict, the F-100 was the world's first production airplane capable of flying faster than the speed of sound in level flight (760 mph). The prototype, the YF-100A, made its first . . . — Map (db m64553) HM
Alabama (Montgomery County), Maxwell Air Force Base — North American F-86A "Sabre"
The F-86, the USAF's first swept-wing jet fighter, made its initial flight on October 1, 1947. The first production mode flew on May 20, 1948, and on September 15, 1948, an F-86A set a new world speed record of 670.9 mph. Originally designed as . . . — Map (db m64586) HM
Alabama (Montgomery County), Maxwell Air Force Base — Northrop T-38A "Talon"
In the mid-1950s, the USAF required a trainer with higher performance than the T-33 to better prepare student pilots for the latest tactical aircraft that were then coming into service. The aircraft chosen was the T-38A which offered high . . . — Map (db m64433) HM
Alabama (Montgomery County), Maxwell Air Force Base — Reorganization
During the late 1950’s three courses at Air Command and Staff College: the Weapons course, the Squadron Officer course, and the Academic Instructor course, became separate schools under the AU umbrella. ”…It is regrettable that what . . . — Map (db m64373) HM
Alabama (Montgomery County), Maxwell Air Force Base — Reorganization
HQ USAF realigned AU under Air Training Command (ATC) in 1978. For five years AU remained a part of ATC. On 1 July 1983, AU regained its major command status. ROTC was reassigned to ATC. The College of Aerospace Doctrine, Research and Education, . . . — Map (db m64376) HM
Alabama (Montgomery County), Maxwell Air Force Base — Republic F-105D "Thunderchief"
In 1951, Republic Aviation began a project to develop a supersonic tactical fighter-bomber to replace the F-84F. The result was the F-105 "Thunderchief," later affectionately nicknamed the "Thud." The prototype YF-105A first flew on October 22, . . . — Map (db m64505) HM
Alabama (Montgomery County), Maxwell Air Force Base — Sikorsky MH-53M 'Pave Low IV' Helicopter
The Sikorsky MH-53 is a variant of the USAF's HH-53 'Super Jolly Green Giant' air rescue helicopter, which was developed in turn from the US Navy's CH-53 'Sea Stallion' heavy lift helicopter. The MH-53 has been optimized for long-range . . . — Map (db m64451) HM
Alabama (Montgomery County), Maxwell Air Force Base — The Air Corps Tactical School
Established here in 1931, was the birthplace and nurturing ground of American air doctrine. In the ferment of a decade of thought and debate, the Air Corps Tactical School gave rise to concepts for the strategic and operational deployment of U.S. . . . — Map (db m79085) HM
Alabama (Montgomery County), Maxwell Air Force Base — The Air Power Legacy
In 1931 Maxwell Field began its mission to educate Army Air Corps officers in strategy, tactics, and techniques of air power. Many early Air Force leaders attended Air Corps Tactical School here including Generals Vandenberg, Twining, White, and . . . — Map (db m64369) HM
Alabama (Montgomery County), Maxwell Air Force Base — The Next Fifty Years
The tradition of excellence established by Air University pioneers will continue throughout the next fifty years… AU’s ability to educate people and develop critical thinkers is a mission that continues today. Now, more than ever, the United . . . — Map (db m64427) HM
Alabama (Montgomery County), Maxwell Air Force Base — The Thunderbirds — The Epitome of Teamwork
All discipline for the moment seems not to be joyful, but sorrowful, yet, for those who are trained by it, afterwards, it yields the peaceful fruit of righteousness. Hebrews 4:11 Maj. Norman L. Lowry III Capt. Willie T. Mays Capt. . . . — Map (db m64484) WM
Alabama (Montgomery County), Maxwell Air Force Base — William R. Lawley, Jr. — Colonel USAF (Ret) — 1920 - 1999
Recipient of the Medal of Honor for Conspicuous Gallantry and Intrepidity in Action 20 February 1944 Mission on 20 February 1944 Target: Leipzig, Germany 1st. Lt. William R. Lawley, Jr. & Crew 305th Bomb Group 8th Air . . . — Map (db m64450) HM
Alabama (Montgomery County), Maxwell Air Force Base — Wilson Hall
Dedicated to the memory of Gill Robb Wilson Author – Airman – American Elder Statesman For Aerospace Power Founder of Civil Air Patrol September 18, 1893 . . . — Map (db m96846) HM
Alabama (Montgomery County), Maxwell Air Force Base — Wright Brothers Flying School
On this site in 1910 stood the hangar of the Flying School of the first men to fly: The Wright Brothers — Map (db m86054) HM
Alabama (Montgomery County), Maxwell Air Force Base — Year of Training
Deja vu, once again, 1993, AU was aligned with ATC but this time to form Air Education and Training Command. Enlisted professional military education was consolidated, Officers Training School moved to Maxwell, and ROTC and CCAF were again part . . . — Map (db m86055) HM
Alabama (Montgomery County), Maxwell-Gunter Air Force Base — "That Others May Live"
Front Dedicated to Air and Maintenance Crews who flew and maintained the H-43 and the ones who made the supreme sacrifice "That Others May Live" And never let us take lightly the freedom for which they . . . — Map (db m95537) HM WM
Alabama (Montgomery County), Maxwell-Gunter Air Force Base — Airman First Class John L. Levitow Monument
This monument is dedicated in honor of Airman First Class John L. Levitow of Hartford, Connecticut, the first Air Force enlisted man to receive the Congressional Medal of Honor. On the night of 24 February 1969, Airman First Class Levitow was a . . . — Map (db m95394) HM
Alabama (Montgomery County), Maxwell-Gunter Air Force Base — Award of Air Force Cross to Arthur N. Black
Citation to Accompany the Award of The Air Force Cross to Arthur M. Black Airman Third Class Arthur M. Black distinguished himself by extraordinary heroism in connection with military operations against an . . . — Map (db m95516) WM
Alabama (Montgomery County), Maxwell-Gunter Air Force Base — Award of Air Force Cross to Charles D. King
Citation to Accompany the Award of The Air Force Cross to Charles D. King Airman First Class Charles D. King distinguished himself by extraordinary heroism in connection with military operations against an . . . — Map (db m95493) WM
Alabama (Montgomery County), Maxwell-Gunter Air Force Base — Award of Air Force Cross to Dennis M. Richardson
Citation to Accompany the Award of The Air Force Cross to Dennis M. Richardson The President of the United Sates of America, authorized by Title 10, Section 8742, United States Code, awards the Air Force . . . — Map (db m95512) WM
Alabama (Montgomery County), Maxwell-Gunter Air Force Base — Award of Air Force Cross to Duane D. Hackney
Citation to Accompany the Award of The Air Force Cross to Duane D. Hackney Airman Second Class Duane D. Hackney distinguished himself by extraordinary heroism in connection with military operations against . . . — Map (db m95525) WM
Alabama (Montgomery County), Maxwell-Gunter Air Force Base — Award of Air Force Cross to Eugene L. Clay
Citation to Accompany the Award of The Air Force Cross to Eugene L. Clay Staff Sergeant Eugene L. Clay distinguished himself by extraordinary heroism in connection with military operations against an . . . — Map (db m95528) WM
Alabama (Montgomery County), Maxwell-Gunter Air Force Base — Award of Air Force Cross to Larry W. Maysey
Citation to Accompany the Award of The Air Force Cross to Larry W. Maysey Sergeant Larry W. Maysey distinguished himself by extraordinary heroism in connection with military operations against an opposing . . . — Map (db m95527) WM
Alabama (Montgomery County), Maxwell-Gunter Air Force Base — Award of Air Force Cross to Nacey Kent Jr
Citation to Accompany the Award of The Air Force Cross to Nacey Kent Jr Sergeant Nacey Kent Jr, distinguished himself by extraordinary heroism in connection with military operations against an opposing armed . . . — Map (db m95498) WM
Alabama (Montgomery County), Maxwell-Gunter Air Force Base — Award of Air Force Cross to Richard L. Etchberger
Citation to Accompany the Award of The Air Force Cross to Richard L. Etchberger Chief Master Sergeant Richard L. Etchberger distinguished himself by extraordinary heroism in connection with military . . . — Map (db m95529) WM
Alabama (Montgomery County), Maxwell-Gunter Air Force Base — Award of Air Force Cross to Russell M. Hunt
Citation to Accompany the Award of The Air Force Cross to Russell M. Hunt Sergeant Russell M. Hunt distinguished himself by extraordinary heroism in connection with military operations against an opposing . . . — Map (db m95526) WM
Alabama (Montgomery County), Maxwell-Gunter Air Force Base — Award of Air Force Cross to Thomas A. Newman
Citation to Accompany the Award of The Air Force Cross to Thomas A. Newman Sergeant Thomas A. Newman distinguished himself by extraordinary heroism in connection with military operations against an opposing . . . — Map (db m95497) WM
Alabama (Montgomery County), Maxwell-Gunter Air Force Base — Award of Air Force Cross to Victor R. Adams
Citation to Accompany the Award of The Air Force Cross to Victor R. Adams Technical Sergeant Victor R. Adams for extraordinary heroism in connection with military operations against an opposing armed force . . . — Map (db m95510) WM
Alabama (Montgomery County), Maxwell-Gunter Air Force Base — Award of Air Force Cross to William A. Robinson
Citation to Accompany the Award of The Air Force Cross to William A. Robinson Airman First Class William A Robinson distinguished himself by extraordinary heroism in connection with military operations . . . — Map (db m95514) WM
Alabama (Montgomery County), Maxwell-Gunter Air Force Base — Award of Air Force Cross to William H. Pitsenbarger
Citation to Accompany the Award of The Air Force Cross to William H. Pitsenbarger Airman First Class William H. Pitsenbarger distinguished himself by extraordinary heroism in connection with military . . . — Map (db m95520) WM
Alabama (Montgomery County), Maxwell-Gunter Air Force Base — Corporal Vernon L. Burge — First Enlisted Pilot
This statue holds the image of Corporal Vernon L. Burge, the first enlisted man in the history of American military aviation to train as a pilot. His first flight was a reward arranged by the Wright Brothers for assisting with the 1909 Wright . . . — Map (db m95509) HM
Alabama (Montgomery County), Maxwell-Gunter Air Force Base — Gunter Annex / Gunter Basic Flying Training School
(obverse) Gunter Annex On 27 Aug. 1940, the AAF leased the Montgomery Municipal Airport for use as a military airfield. During WW II, the field was the home of the AAF Basic Flying Training School and was named in honor of Mayor . . . — Map (db m68111) HM
Alabama (Montgomery County), Maxwell-Gunter Air Force Base — Operation Eagle Claw — Desert One — 1980
. . . — Map (db m95386) WM
Alabama (Montgomery County), Montgomery — "Moon Tree"
Loblolly Pine crown from seeds that journeyed to the moon with 1971 Apollo 14 mission. Planted here in 1976. — Map (db m94931) HM
Alabama (Montgomery County), Montgomery — Royal Air Force Burial Ground
Buried here are 78 officers and men of the Royal Air Force who lost their lives whilst training in Montgomery, Alabama during the Second World War. Nearly 1,000 men who died during that war or the First World War when serving with the forces of . . . — Map (db m88770) HM WM
Alabama (Montgomery County), Montgomery — Sherman W. White, Jr. — (1919 - 1943) — First Lieutenant, 99th Fighter Squadron
Side 1: Sherman, Sr. and Nettie White lived at this address on W. Jeff Davis Ave. Both teachers, they taught their children Sherman Jr., Willa, James, and Samson to love their country and value education. Willa, James, and Samson would graduate . . . — Map (db m71084) HM
Alabama (Montgomery County), Montgomery — Thunderbird Park
Dedicated by the people of Montgomery to the skilled pilots -- past, present and Future -- who risk and give their lives to demonstrate the capabilities of air power to the American people. The Thunderbirds: the Air Force's Ambassadors in Blue . . . — Map (db m64429) HM
Alabama (Montgomery County), Pike Road — Taylor Field
Montgomery's first military flying installation was established 200 yards south of this spot in November of 1917. The facility was named for Captain Ralph L. Taylor, who was killed in an airplane crash at Mineola Field, New York in August of 1917. . . . — Map (db m86474) HM
Alabama (Morgan County), Vinemont — The "Katy-Did" Crash
Eight U.S. Army Air Corps officers and enlisted men were killed one-fourth mile east of here near the Roundtop Community on Sunday, April 9, 1944, at 2:20 p.m. when their B-26C Martin Marauder bomber, nicknamed the “Katy-Did”, crashed . . . — Map (db m80562) HM
Alabama (Pickens County), Aliceville — George Downer Field — Aliceville, Alabama — Dedicated Nov. 7, 1961
Named in honor of George Noonan Downer, Sr. who rendered exemplary community service for more than 50 years. Gov. John Patterson was dedicatory speaker on Nov. 7, 1961. Mr. Downer was born at Cooksville, Miss., July 31, 1888. Served 30 years as . . . — Map (db m92648) HM
Alabama (Tuscaloosa County), Tuscaloosa — Bell UH-1 Iroquois (Huey)
Manufacturer: Bell Aircraft Engine: Lycoming T-53-L13 single turbine Type: Utility Length: 41’ - 10.5’ Gross weight: 9,500 lbs Cruise speed: 127 mph Range: 318 miles Crew: 3 Armament: two M-60D 7.62 mm door mounted machine guns . . . — Map (db m35480) HM
Alabama (Tuscaloosa County), Tuscaloosa — Vought A-7E Corsair II
Manufactured by LTV Corporation Type: Carrier-based attack-bomber Crew: Pilot only Maximum Speed: 693 mph Power Plant: One 14,250 lb S.T. Allison TF41-A-2 turbofan Weight: 21 tons Tactical Range: 490 miles Armament: One 20mm M61-A1 . . . — Map (db m35514) HM
Alaska (Anchorage Borough), Anchorage — Anchorage Aloft!
Few places on earth need air transportation more than Alaska. Towns and villages are isolated, with few roads and even fewer places to build them. Since 1913, when the first tractor biplane was brought to the Anchorage area, Alaskans have pioneered . . . — Map (db m69797) HM
Arizona (Cochise County), Douglas — Douglas International Airport
At this location on June 5, 1933, First Lady Eleanor Roosevelt, wife of President Franklin Delano Roosevelt, dedicated Douglas International Airport as the first international airport in the United States. Designed by J. P. Sexton as the first . . . — Map (db m28357) HM
Arizona (Cochise County), Sierra Vista — RC – 12G Crazyhorse
The Crazyhorse system was fielded in 1985 to meet the need for a capability to locate unique electronic emissions in Central America. It consisted of three RC – 12G airframes converted from C – 12D aircraft by Sanders Associates, . . . — Map (db m29587) HM
Arizona (Cochise County), Sierra Vista — U. S. Army Mohawk (OV -1D)
The Mohawk is a high-performance, two-seat, observation aircraft made by the Grumman Corporation. The first model flew in 1959 and the last came off the production line in 1970. First deployed in 1962, it became the mainstay of Army aerial . . . — Map (db m29588) HM
Arizona (Cochise County), Willcox — In Memory of Lt. Robert G. Westlund — United States Air Force
On 30 December, 1951, during a routine training flight from Merced, California, to Tyndall Air Force Base, Florida, Lt. Robert G. Westlund lost his life when his F-51 "Mustang" fighter plane crashed near Sunset Peak in the Galiuro Mountains . . . — Map (db m28414) HM
Arizona (Coconino County), Grand Canyon National Park — 1956 Grand Canyon TWA-United Airlines Aviation Accident Site
1956 Grand Canyon TWA-United Airlines Aviation Accident Site has been designated a National Historic Landmark This tragic accident site represents a watershed moment in the modernization of America's airways leading to the . . . — Map (db m81861) HM
Arizona (Maricopa County), Mesa — A Tribute to the B-29 Super Fortress "FIFI"
This propeller, one of four, was installed on a B-29 Super Fortress. The B-29 was the largest and deadliest American heavy bomber of WWII. It is the aircraft that effectively ended WWII by delivering atomic bombs on Hiroshima and Nagasaki in August . . . — Map (db m49868) HM
Arizona (Maricopa County), Mesa — Per Ardua Ad Astra — No. 4 British Flying Training School
On June 12th, 1982, this plaque was unveiled to commemorate the years 1941 to 1945 when Falcon Field was established as No. 4 British Flying Training School. To this airfield came many air cadets of the British Royal Air Force, British . . . — Map (db m49869) HM
Arizona (Navajo County), Winslow — American Astronaut Wall of Fame
NASA On October 1, 1958, the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) was created to promote American civilian interests in space. Established at first to direct the nations efforts toward the scientific exploration of space, the . . . — Map (db m71635) HM
Arizona (Pima County), Green Valley — Titan II Intercontinental Ballistic Missile Museum
Tucson Air Museum Foundation of Pima County Titan II Intercontinental Ballistic Missile Museum Established May 8, 1986 571st SMS, 390th SMW Davis-Monthan AFB Strategic Alert July 1963 – November 1982 National . . . — Map (db m26926) HM
Arizona (Pima County), Tucson — Bicentennial Moon Tree
This seedling was grown from the very seeds that journeyed to the moon and back on board Apollo 14. It symbolizes the major role forests played in developing our American Heritage and the vital role forests have in our future. This planting made . . . — Map (db m83012) HM
Arizona (Pima County), Tucson — First Municipal Airport in the United States — Arizona Historic Site
[Marker Front:] This ground was the location of the First Municipal Airport in the United States The Tucson City Council approved the financing for the airport, July 21, 1919 and the City of Tucson in cooperation . . . — Map (db m8432) HM
Arizona (Pima County), Tucson — 228 — Lockheed SR-71 Blackbird — Reconnaissance operational 1966-1990
The SR-71 could cruise at speeds in excess of Mach 3, three times the speed of sound-at altitudes of 80,000 feet. On March 6, 1990 an SR-71 flew coast to coast in 68 minutes 17 seconds. length-107 ft. 5 in. wingspan--55 ft. 7 in. two Pratt & . . . — Map (db m92599) WM
Arizona (Pima County), Tucson — Presidential Aircraft — (Airforce One)
Used by Presidents Kennedy and Johnson 1961-1965 — Map (db m92600) HM
Arizona (Yuma County), Yuma — Robert G. Fowler — 1883 – 1966
On October 25, 1911, pioneer aviator Robert Grant Fowler touched down on this site, becoming the first person to land an airplane in Arizona under its own power. A native Californian, he had departed Los Angles October 19, and completed aviation . . . — Map (db m29018) HM
Arizona (Yuma County), Yuma — Robert G. Fowler
. . . — Map (db m29046) HM
Arkansas (Benton County), Bella Vista — Distinguished Flying Cross

A bronze patee on which is superimposed a four-bladed propeller, the Distinguished Flying Cross is awarded to any person who, while serving in any capacity with the Armed Forces of the United States distinguishes himself or herself by heroism . . . — Map (db m90865) HM

Arkansas (Benton County), Rogers — All Vietnam Veterans Memorial — In Memory Of
This memorial was erected in memory of the young individuals who went to war as kids and lost their youthful dreams, and some their lives, for a cause - freedom and honor - and came back as men with the horrors of war instilled in every fiber of . . . — Map (db m62588) HM
Arkansas (Benton County), Rogers — F-101B Voodoo
USAF Century Series aircraft flown by active interceptor squadrons, the Air Defense Command, and the Air National Guard from 1959 - 1983. The Voodoo is well known for its NATO role as a nuclear deterrent during the Cold War. The RF-101 . . . — Map (db m62520) HM
Arkansas (Chicot County), Lake Village — Col. Charles A. Lindbergh
Col. Charles A. Lindbergh Made his first night flight here April 1923 — Map (db m89780) HM
Arkansas (Chicot County), Lake Village — Colonel Charles A. Lindbergh
In April 1923 Lindbergh, then an unknown 21-year-old mail pilot, experienced engine trouble and landed his airplane on the now-abandoned golf course behind this site of the old Lake Village County Club. He remained in Lake Village overnight. During . . . — Map (db m89779) HM
Arkansas (Sebastian County), Fort Smith — Moon Tree — Loblolly Pine (Pinustaeda)

This tree was grown from a seed that journeyed to the Moon and back aboard Apollo 14 1971 Planted here on Arbor Day March 15 Bicentennial Year 1976 — Map (db m92358) HM

California (Alameda County), Alameda — 968 — Pan Am China Clipper
Pan American World Airways fabled China Clipper (Martin M/130 Flying Boat) left Alameda Marina on November 22, 1935 under the command of Captain Edwin G. Musick. The flight would reach Manila via Honolulu, Midway, Wake, and Guam. The inauguration of . . . — Map (db m31409) HM
California (Alameda County), Livermore — Tolliver Airship
Eight miles southwest of this location, in the Spring of 1904, Charles Tolliver built an airship. With an aluminum superstructure covered with 6,000 yards of rongee silk, the craft was to be 250 feet long, 40 feet wide and 44 feet high. Four . . . — Map (db m19968) HM
California (Alameda County), Oakland — Australian Aviators
To the memory of the Australian Aviators Sir Charles Kingsford-Smith and Captain Charles T. P. Ulm This plaque is dedicated by the Board of Port Commissioners of the City of Oakland as a permanent tribute to the courage and . . . — Map (db m71201) HM
California (Alameda County), Oakland — First Successful Non-stop Trans-Pacific Air Flight
On Tuesday, June 28, 1927, at 7:08 a.m. Lieutenant Lester J. Maitland and Lieutenant Albert F. Hegenberger, Air Corps United States Army, took off from Oakland Municipal Airport on the first successful non-stop trans-Pacific air flight arriving at . . . — Map (db m71200) HM
California (Butte County), Oroville — Oroville Municipal Airport
The City of Oroville built the Oroville Municipal Airport in 1933 and it proudly served as a WW II Training Base Mural circa 1942 Dedicated 1996 — Map (db m61601) HM
California (Contra Costa County), Walnut Creek — Mount Diablo Beacon: — Left Dark by War, Lighted in Remembrance
A large flashing light atop this rotunda once guided airplanes flying through the night skies of the Bay Area. Originally held aloft on a 75-foot tower erected by Standard Oil in 1928, it served as a crucial route-finding aid in the days before . . . — Map (db m93631) HM
California (Fresno County), Fresno — Sierra Sky Park — America's first aviation community
Established October 23, 1946 as America's first aviation community. Through the efforts of Wm. and Doris Smilie, 130 acres of rolling "hog-wallow" and hardpan were transformed into a public use airport, with a sod runway, connecting taxi-way and . . . — Map (db m78354) HM
California (Kern County), Arvin — Arvin-Sierra Glider Port — 1937-1941
Located on the hills in front of you, on the historic Tejon Ranch, the Arvin-Sierra Glider Port was the site for the West Coast Soaring Championships. Many of America’s famous glider pilots made record flights from here, soaring over the mountains . . . — Map (db m80599) HM
California (Kern County), Cantil — Florence "Pancho" Barnes
Florence Leontine Lowe was born July 29, 1901 in Pasadena. Through an arranged marriage in 1921, she became the wife of a minister, Rankin Barnes. She ended her relationship with him a few years after bearing a son, Billy. Florence acquired the . . . — Map (db m51666) HM
California (Kern County), Edwards — Bell XP-59A Jet Aircraft
On Oct. 2, 1942, a Bell XP-59A Aircraft powered by Twin General Electric Type 1-A Engines introduced Jet Flight to America. This new age began here at Edwards Air Force Base as the XP-59A lifted from Rogers Dry Lake with Bell Test Pilot Robert M. . . . — Map (db m53125) HM
California (Kern County), Edwards — First Flight to Break the Sound Barrier — X-1 Loading Pit
The Bell X-1 was loaded into its B-29 Launch Aircraft from this Pit on October 14, 1947 Captain Charles E. "Chuck" Yeager Piloted the Airplane to Mach 1.06 (700 mph) — Map (db m52545) HM
California (Kern County), Edwards — Sound Barrier Cracked
On October 14, 1947 42,000 feet above this monument, Captain Chuck Yeager, USAF, piloting a Bell X-1 rocket airplane named Glamour Glennis, became the first person to exceed Mach 1. With this flight, the era of supersonic aviation was born. . . . — Map (db m52625) HM
California (Kern County), Edwards AFB — Boeing B-52D - “Stratofortress”
The first prototye B-52 took to the air on 15 April 1952. Nearly 750 B-52’s were eventually built, of which 170 were –Ds. Records set by B-52s included the world’s first non-stop round-the-world flight by a jet aircraft and the first hydrogen . . . — Map (db m64590) HM
California (Kern County), Edwards AFB — CT-39A - "Sabreliner" — North American
Originally developed as a private venture to meet a USAF requirement for a twin jet utility trainer, the prototype T-39 made its first flight on 16 September 1958. In all, 143 T-39A’s and six T-39B’s were built for the USAF. Another 62 T-39’s were . . . — Map (db m64619) HM
California (Kern County), Edwards AFB — F-101B • “Voodoo” — McDonnell
Originally developed from the McDonnell XF-88 penetration fighter, the F-101 was designed as a long-range bomber escort for the Strategic Air Command. The prototype made its first flight at Edwards AFB in September 1954. When high-speed, . . . — Map (db m62135) HM
California (Kern County), Edwards AFB — F-104A • “Starfighter” — Lockheed
The first XF-104 made its initial flight here at Edwards AFB in February 1954. In May 1958, a YF-104A set a world speed record of 1,404.19 mph over Edwards, and in December 1959, an F-104C set a world altitude record of 103, 395 feet here. The . . . — Map (db m62133) HM
California (Kern County), Edwards AFB — F-105D • “Thunderchief” — Republic
The YF-105 completed its maiden flight at Edwards AFB in October 1955, easily exceeding Mach One, even though it was powered by a J57 engine - much less powerful than its projected power plant, the J75. The D-model “Thud” added water . . . — Map (db m62132) HM
California (Kern County), Edwards AFB — F-106B • “Delta Dart” — Convair
The F-106 Delta Dart had a long and illustrious career at Edwards AFB. The prototype A-model made its first flight here on 26 Dec 56. On 15 Dec 59, Col Joe Rogers piloted as F-106 A to a world speed record of 1,525.695 mph (Mach 2.41) here. In Apr . . . — Map (db m62130) HM
California (Kern County), Edwards AFB — F-111A - "Aardvark" — General Dynamics
The F-111A was the world’s first production variable-sweep wing fighter. It completed its maiden flight on 21 December 1964, at Carswell AFB, Texas. The aircraft could exceed twice the speed of sound (Mach 2) by sweeping its wings rearward while in . . . — Map (db m64615) HM
California (Kern County), Edwards AFB — F-16B — "Fighting Falcon"
When first flown at Edwards AFB on January 20, 1974, the YF-16 was the most advance fighter in the world. The F-16B is a combat-capable two-seat version of the production F-16A. To date, over 4,000 F-16s have been manufactured worldwide and 122 B . . . — Map (db m63609) HM
California (Kern County), Edwards AFB — F-84F - "Thunderstreak" — Republic
The Republic YF-84F prototype (a modified F-84E straight-wing officially designated YF-96A) completed its hour-long first flight at Edwards in June 1950. The first flight of the revised F-model prototype, with its distinctly deeper fuselage profile, . . . — Map (db m64620) HM
California (Kern County), Edwards AFB — F-86F — "Sabre"
The F-86, the Nation’s first swept-wing jet fighter, made its initial flight at what is now Edwards AFB on October 1, 1947. The first production model flew on May 20, 1948 and on September 15, 1948 an F-86A streaked to a world-record 670.9 mph. . . . — Map (db m63607) HM
California (Kern County), Edwards AFB — HL-10 — Lifting Body
Flown 37 times by Nasa's Flight Research Center, Edwards Air Force Base, California First Flight December 22, 1966 Final Flight July 17,1970 Maxium Speed and Altitude Records for Lifting Bodies Held By The HL-10: Mach 1.86 (1228 . . . — Map (db m64025) HM
California (Kern County), Edwards AFB — Leaps in Technology
The United States Air Force has always relied upon the application of leading-edge technologies to fulfill its mission of airpower projection. From the XP-59 of 1942 to the B-2, C-17, and F-22 of today, the Flight Test Center has been essential to . . . — Map (db m63608) HM
California (Kern County), Edwards AFB — N.F.-11 (T.T.-20) - “Meteor” — Gloster Aircraft
The Meteor was Britain’s first operational jet aircraft and the only operational Allied jet to see service in World War II. The prototype, designated G.41, completed its first flight in March 1943 under the power of two de Havilland H-1 turbojets. . . . — Map (db m64595) HM
California (Kern County), Edwards AFB — NF-4C - "Phantom II" — McDonnell
The Phantom II, first flown in May 1958, was developed as a fleet defense interceptor for the U.S. Navy. After entering Navy service in 1961, the USAF evaluated it at Edwards AFB to fill a fighter-bomber requirement. In 1963 production F-4Cs began . . . — Map (db m64623) HM
California (Kern County), Edwards AFB — PGM-17A • "Thor" — Douglas Aircraft
Thor was the free world’s first operational intermediate range ballistic missile (IRBM). It was 65 feet long, 8 feet in diameter and weighed 105,000 pounds. Douglas Aircraft was the prime contractor. The missile utilized a single stage North . . . — Map (db m64589) HM
California (Kern County), Edwards AFB — T-28B - "Trojan" — North American
The T-28B was originally developed as a U.S. Navy basic trainer and completed its maiden flight on 6 April 1953. Nearly 500 were built. Early models of the Trojan were tested at Edwards beginning shortly after the plane’s first flight in 1949. A . . . — Map (db m64596) HM
California (Kern County), Edwards AFB — T-33A “Shooting Star” — Lockheed
The two-seat T-33 was developed from the single-seat F-80 fighter by lengthening the fuselage slightly more than three feet to accommodate a second cockpit. It was originally designated TF-80C and made its first flight in March 1948. It quickly . . . — Map (db m64593) HM
California (Kern County), Edwards AFB — TF-102A • “Delta Dagger” — Convair
The F-102 was developed from the Convair XF-92 delta wing research aircraft of the late 1940s and the prototype made its initial flight in October 1953 at Edwards AFB. It became operational with the Air Defense Command in 1956. At the peak of . . . — Map (db m62134) HM
California (Kern County), Edwards AFB — UC-45J - "Expeditor" — Beech
The Beech C-45 was the Army Air Force version of the Beech Aircraft Corporation’s Model B-18S commercial transport. The popular “Beech 18” also appeared as the AT-7 and AT-11 bombing and navigation trainers (Navy designation . . . — Map (db m64592) HM
California (Kern County), Edwards AFB — YA-10B Prototype number 73-1664 — Fairchild Republic
Only two-seat A-10 made Fairchild Republic Company’s two-place night/adverse weather A-10 began flight tests at Air Force Flight Test Center at Edwards AFB in May 1979. It was converted by Fairchild from one of six pre-production single place . . . — Map (db m64624) HM
California (Kern County), Edwards AFB — YA-7D - "Corsair II" — Ling-Temco-Vought (LTV)
The Corsair II was designed to meet a 1963 Navy requirement for a light attack plane to replace the A-4. The Navy’s A-7A made its first flight in September 1965. Two months later, the Air Force settled on the A-7 as a low-cost way to provide . . . — Map (db m64614) HM
California (Kern County), Edwards AFB — YC-15 — McDonnell Douglas
Two built by McDonnell Douglas (now Boeing) as Advanced Medium STOL Transport (AMST) with Short Take Off and Landing ability. First flight 26 Aug 1975, landing at Edwards AFB. Pioneered supercritical wing on large aircraft; advanced airlift state . . . — Map (db m62137) HM
California (Kern County), Edwards AFB — YF-100A “Super Sabre” — North American
The F-100 was the USAF’s first operational aircraft capable of flying faster than the speed of sound (760 mph) in level flight. The prototype YF-100A made its initial flight on 25 May 1953 and the first production aircraft was completed on October . . . — Map (db m62136) HM
California (Kern County), Johannesburg — Major Michael Adams, USAF — The First In-Flight Fatality of the American Space Program
In memory of his contribution: Major Michael Adams, USAF, The First In-Flight Fatality of the American Space Program On November 15, 1967 Adams conducted a sub-orbital space flight with the mission of performing six scientific . . . — Map (db m92271) HM
California (Kern County), Mojave — Mojave Air & Spaceport
The Mojave Airport was created in 1935 as part of the Kern County Airport System. The fledgling airport was built to serve gold mines near Mojave. At the outset of World War Two, the airport became a Marine Corps Air Station that trained Marine . . . — Map (db m53126) HM
California (Kern County), Mojave — Rotary Rocket Roton ATV — First Rocket Powered Vehicle to Fly At Mojave Spaceport — 1999 A.D.
Far better it is to dare mighty thinkigs...even through checkered by failure, than to rank with those timid spirits who neither enjoy nor suffer much because they live in the gray twilight that knows not victory nor defeat. Theodore . . . — Map (db m53128) HM
California (Kern County), Mojave — Voyager Aircraft / SpaceShipOne Replica
Left Plaque: The 1/5 scale flying model of Voyager was built by Glenn Dunlap of Cincinnati, Ohio, and donated to the Mojave Transportation Museum Foundation in 2009. The original Voyager, designed by Burt Rutan and built at Mojave . . . — Map (db m53127) HM
California (Kern County), Shafter — 923 — Site of Gossamer Condor Flight
This plaque at Shafter Airport commemorates the world's first man-powered flight to complete the Kremer Circuit, August 23, 1977. The circuit, a figure eight around two pylons one-half mile apart, was completed in six minutes, twenty-two seconds. . . . — Map (db m52057) HM
California (Los Angeles County), Cerritos — Cerritos Air Disaster Memorial
On August 31, 1986 at 11:56 A.M., two planes collided above a Cerritos neighborhood in the vicinity of Carmenita Road and 18rd Street. The tragic accident claimed 82 lives, destroyed 11 homes and severely damaged seven others. The collison was . . . — Map (db m73108) HM
California (Los Angeles County), Compton — 718 — First United States Air Meet
About one half mile southeast of this spot, on Dominguez Hill in historic Rancho San Pedro, the first Air Meet in the United States was held during January 10-20, 1910. Subsequently, this area has evolved into one of the world's leading . . . — Map (db m50979) HM
California (Los Angeles County), Lancaster — Arthur K. "Kit" Murray — Aerospace Walk of Honor
Arthur "Kit" Murray was instrumental in pioneering the techniques of air-to-air fueling and the development of talk-down techniques for landing experimental aircraft. As a Flight Test Pilot at Edwards AFB, he flew programs on the X-1A and X-5, flew . . . — Map (db m66498) HM
California (Los Angeles County), Lancaster — Col. Robert L. "Silver Fox" Stephens, USAF 
 — Aerospace Walk of Honor
Colonel Stephens distinguished himself in flight test, flying nearly all of the jet fighter aircraft from the F-80 Shooting Star to the F-106 Delta Dart. He graduated from the Experimental Test Pilot School in 1949. 

Called the . . . — Map (db m79153) HM
California (Los Angeles County), Lancaster — Colonel Jack L. Ridley — Aerospace Walk of Honor
The Flight Test Mission Control Center at Edwards Air Force Base is named for Colonel Ridley who lost his life in 1957 in the crash of a C-47 aircraft while serving on the U.S. Military Assistance Advisory Group in Japan. Ridley was a pioneer . . . — Map (db m66504) HM
California (Los Angeles County), Lancaster — Colonel Jesse P. "Jake" Jacobs, Jr. — Aerospace Walk of Honor
Colonel Jacobs received the Legion of Merit for meritorious service as Director and test pilot on the C-5A Test Force. It was at the time, one of the world's largest aircraft. During his 46 years in aerospace, Jacobs logged more than 10,600 . . . — Map (db m66503) HM
California (Los Angeles County), Lancaster — F/A, NASA Tail Number 842
This F/A-18 Hornet (bureau Number 161214) is a pre-production A-Model airplane whose first prototype rolled out of the McDonnell Douglas Plant on September 13, 1978. The Carrier-based Navel strike fighter did not become operational for several years . . . — Map (db m52887) HM
California (Los Angeles County), Lancaster — F-4 Phantom II — Boeing Plaza - Aerospace Walk of Honor
Panel 1: On loan from the United States Air Force, this F-4 Phantom II was acquired on November 7, 2001 from Edwards Air Force Base and transported to the Boeing Company facility at USAF Plant 42. Boeing volunteers worked many hours to . . . — Map (db m51280) HM
California (Los Angeles County), Lancaster — Fred Wallace Haise 
 — Aerospace Walk of Honor
Fred Haise is best known as the Lunar Module Pilot who, in 1970, was a crewmember on the dramatic Apollo 13 aborted lunar mission. Due to an oxygen tank explosion, the crew had to utilize the Lunar Module "Aquarius" as a lifeboat. This mission will . . . — Map (db m69508) HM
California (Los Angeles County), Lancaster — Henry E. "Hank" Chouteau — Aerospace Walk of Honor
As Northrop’s Chief Test Pilot for advanced fighter aircraft, Hank Chouteau helped develop dozens of new or modified aircraft, participating in aircraft design, development, test flights and marketing. Chouteau logged more than 7,300 flight . . . — Map (db m66501) HM
California (Los Angeles County), Lancaster — John A. Manke — Aerospace Walk of Honor
John Manke was a NASA Research Pilot for more than 11 years and has flown over 4,500 hours. His career was highlighted by NASA research flights to test lifting body aircraft, preparing the way for the Space Shuttle and follow-on space programs. . . . — Map (db m66505) HM
California (Los Angeles County), Lancaster — John B. "Jack" McKay — Aerospace Walk of Honor
Jack McKay died in 1975--20 years to the day after his first rocket flight. He had retired from NASA four years earlier, climaxing a 20-year flying career at Edwards in which he become one of the Center’s most experienced rocket pilots. In the 50's . . . — Map (db m66496) HM
California (Los Angeles County), Lancaster — Lt. Col. Robert G. "Bob" Ferry, USAF 
 — Aerospace Walk of Honor
Colonel Ferry distinguished himself in helicopters. Although he began his career as a fighter pilot, he became expert in helicopters, where he made his mark in 24 years of flight testing. He has flown 10,800 hours in 125 different aircraft, nearly . . . — Map (db m79154) HM

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