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Forts, Castles Historical Markers

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Autauga County Courthouse image, Click for more information
By Tim Carr, August 1, 2009
Autauga County Courthouse
Alabama (Autauga County), Prattville — A County Older Than the State, Autauga County
Created in 1818 by an act of Alabama Territorial Legislature. Autauga Indians lived on creek from which the county takes its name. Autaugas were members of the Alibamo tribe. They sent many warriors to resist Andrew Jackson's invasion in . . . — Map (db m27907) HM
Alabama (Baldwin County), Fort Morgan — The Pride of Seven Flags
(East Face): Tribute dedicated to the memory of the soldiers who gave their lives in the defense of our country here at Fort Morgan. Here lies the pride of seven flags entombed in our ancestor’s worth, who heard the thunder of the fray . . . — Map (db m4649) HM
Alabama (Baldwin County), Gulf Shores — "Damn The Torpedoes!" The Campaigns for Mobile, 1864 - 1865
(preface) "Damn the Torpedoes!" is a familiar battle cry, but there's more to the story! The Mobile Civil War Trail is your guide to military movements and the way of life on and around Mobile Bay in the closing two years of the Civil . . . — Map (db m87247) HM
Alabama (Baldwin County), Gulf Shores — Stop C4 — "The Shells Were Bursting All Around Us"The Siege of Fort Morgan: — Stop C4
After the surrender of Fort Gaines, U.S. General Gordon Granger prepared to besiege Fort Morgan. On August 9, 1864, he moved by transport to Navy Cove and debarked 2,000 men and his siege equipment at the Pilot Town wharf. By 2:00 p.m. he had . . . — Map (db m87246) HM
Alabama (Baldwin County), Gulf Shores — 32 Pounder Sea Coast Defense GunOn Barbette Carriage
This smoothbore, muzzle-loading cannon was one of the main coast defense weapons in the United States' arsenal when Fort Morgan was completed in 1834. With an eight pound charge of powder the gun could fire a 32 pound solid iron shot about one . . . — Map (db m87245) HM
Alabama (Baldwin County), Gulf Shores — 6.4” (100 pounder) Parrott Rifle / 7” Brooke Rifle
6.4” (100 pounder) Parrott Rifle Designed by Robert Parker Parrott at the outbreak of the Civil War, the Parrott Rifle became one of the most used rifled artillery pieces during the war. With shells that exploded on impact, rifled . . . — Map (db m69898) HM
Alabama (Baldwin County), Gulf Shores — Battery Dearborn (1900-1924)
Constructed between 1899 and 1900, the battery was named in honor of Major General Henry Dearborn, a Revolutionary War hero. The battery mounted eight 12” breech-loading mortars. Each mortar weighed 13 tons and was 11’ 9” long. The . . . — Map (db m69919) HM
Alabama (Baldwin County), Gulf Shores — Battery Schenck (1899-1923)
Battery Schenck, named for First Lieutenant William Schenck who was killed in action during the Philippine Insurrection, was the second rapid fire battery constructed at Fort Morgan. Completed on June 4, 1900, the battery would sit without guns for . . . — Map (db m70058) HM
Alabama (Baldwin County), Gulf Shores — Battery Thomas (1898-1917)
The first of two rapid fire gun batteries, Battery Thomas was named in honor of Captain Evan Thomas, 4th U.S. Artillery, who was killed in action with the Modoc Indians at Lava Beds, California in 1873. In March 1898, as the nation moved . . . — Map (db m69826) HM
Alabama (Baldwin County), Gulf Shores — Citadel (1825-1865)
The Citadel, a large ten sided brick and wood structure, once dominated the Fort’s parade ground. Completed in 1825 as a defensive barracks, it was capable of housing 400 soldiers. During the Union bombardment on August 22, 1864, the pine . . . — Map (db m68751) HM
Alabama (Baldwin County), Gulf Shores — Fort Bowyer War of 1812
At, or near, this site, the United States, after seizing this point of land from the Spanish in 1813, built Fort Bowyer, a structure of wood and sand. A small garrison of men courageously fought to defend the fort against two British attacks, one . . . — Map (db m28692) HM
Alabama (Baldwin County), Gulf Shores — Peace Magazine (1902-1924)
When Fort Morgan was modified between the 1890’s and early 1900’s, an allocation of $7,000.00 was made to build a “Peace” magazine. This building was the central storage area for the powder used by the fort’s guns. If war was expected, . . . — Map (db m69917) HM
Alabama (Baldwin County), Gulf Shores — Stop C1 — The Battle of Mobile Bay“A Deadly Rain of Shot and Shell” — Civil War Trail, Battle for Mobile Bay
Eager to attack Mobile Bay since 1862, U. S. Admiral David Farragut knew he could not capture control of the lower bay without the support of the army and without a flotilla of ironclad monitors to confront the Confederate ironclad CSS . . . — Map (db m68815) HM
Alabama (Baldwin County), Gulf Shores — The Citadel(1821-1865)
The Citadel, a large ten sided brick and wood structure, once dominated the Fort’s parade ground. Capable of housing 400 soldiers, it served as a defensive barracks for the Fort’s garrison. During the Union bombardment of Fort Morgan on August . . . — Map (db m92994) HM
Alabama (Baldwin County), Gulf Shores — The Overland CampaignStorm Clouds Gather — Civil War Trail, Battle for Mobile Bay
To Wait and Watch In late August 1864 the Federals controlled Mobile Bay but could not attack Mobile. Admiral Farragut could not reach the city even with his light draft vessels, because the channels in the upper Bay had been obstructed. . . . — Map (db m69909) HM
Alabama (Baldwin County), Gulf Shores — U.S. Model 1918M1 155mm Gun and Model 1918A1 Carriage
The U.S. Model 1918M1 155mm Gun, more commonly known as the “G.P.F.”, was a French heavy artillery piece manufactured in the U.S. for use by the U.S. Army during World War I. Due to the gun’s mobility and hitting power, it was used . . . — Map (db m69910) HM
Alabama (Baldwin County), Spanish Fort — Revolutionary War Battlefield and Burial Ground at Spanish Fort (1780-1781)
During the Revolutionary War, France, Spain, Britain, and the United States were interested in the fate of this region. In March 1780, Spanish forces captured Mobile. They established a palisaded fort with trenches (one mile north of here) to . . . — Map (db m61451) HM
Alabama (Baldwin County), Stockton — Fort Mims And The Creek Indian War, 1813-14
Front: In 1813, people on the United State’s southwestern frontier were fearful. The Redstick faction of the Creek Indian Nation opposed growing American influence in the area and had voted for war. However, Creeks living in the Tensaw . . . — Map (db m66394) HM
Alabama (Baldwin County), Tensaw — Fort Mims— 500 yards →
Here in Creek Indian War 1813-14 took place most brutal massacre in American history. Indians took fort with heavy loss, then killed all but about 36 of some 550 in the fort. Creeks had been armed by British at Pensacola in this phase . . . — Map (db m86293) HM
Alabama (Baldwin County), Tensaw — Fort Mims Massacre
In honor of the men, woman and children massacred by Creek Indians in brave defence of Fort Mims Aug. 30, 1813. — Map (db m86716) HM
Alabama (Barbour County), Batesville — Fort Browder/15th Alabama Infantry
side 1 Fort Browder Approximately one mile south-southwest of here stood Fort Browder, a small wooden fortification built in 1836 for protection in the last war with the Creek Indians and named for Isham Browder, a prominent . . . — Map (db m60895) HM
Alabama (Butler County), Forest Home — The Butler Massacre / Fort Bibb
(obverse) The Butler Massacre On March 20, 1818, Capt. William Butler, Capt. James Saffold, William Gardener, Daniel Shaw and John Hinson left Fort Bibb to meet Col. Sam Dale. They were attacked near Pine Barren Creek by Savannah . . . — Map (db m83259) HM
Alabama (Clarke County), Whatley — Fort Sinquefield
Fort Sinquefield Kimbell - James Massacre Creek War 1812-13 Erected by Clarke County School Children 1931 Lest we forget Hayden and his dogs. — Map (db m47701) HM
Alabama (Conecuh County), Pine Orchard — Old Federal RoadFort Warren
Site of Fort Warren, built in 1816 by Colonel Richard Warren, who owned considerable land in this vicinity. This facility was used as a refuge for settlers who feared for their lives in the early days of the aftermath of the Creek Indian Wars of . . . — Map (db m47689) HM
Alabama (Dallas County), Selma — Interior Redoubt No. IIIWilson's Cavalry Charge — Battle of Selma
By 6pm General James H. Wilson had moved the 4th U.S. Cavalry, down Summerfield Road through the outer works and had ordered Captain Robinson of the Chicago Board of Trade Battery to do the same. After the main assault most of the regiments of . . . — Map (db m81930) HM
Alabama (Dallas County), Selma — Redoubt No. 151st Mississippi Cavalry — Battle of Selma
Front Redoubt No. 15 located just to the west of Summerfield Road was defended by Colonel Pinson's 1st Mississippi Cavalry Regiment of Anderson's Brigade. Their 400 men held positions on the west side of the road and the rest of . . . — Map (db m81925) HM
Alabama (Dallas County), Selma — Union Troops ChargeThe Main Assault of the Outer Works — Battle of Selma
The Lightening Brigade of the 2nd Division would spearhead the attack between Redoubts No. 13 - No. 16. Artillery covered all the approaches. At 5 p.m. General Long ordered the Second Division forward. "As Long's Second Division charged . . . — Map (db m83682) HM
Alabama (DeKalb County), Fort Payne — Fort Payne’s Fort
The fort, consisting of a log house and large stockade, was built in 1838 by order of General Winfield Scott, commander of military forces responsible for the removal of Cherokee Indians. Soldiers occupying the fort were commanded by Captain . . . — Map (db m28030) HM
Alabama (Elmore County), Wetumpka — Fort Jackson
At this site stood Fort Toulouse, later Fort Jackson, named in honor of Gen. Andrew Jackson who on March 27, 1814, defeated the Creek Indians in a decisive battle at Horseshoe Bend. Erected by Peter Forney Chapter D.A.R. . . . — Map (db m69705) HM
Alabama (Elmore County), Wetumpka — Here Stood Fort Toulouse
Here stood Fort Toulouse A defense against the Indians Built by Bienville 1714 The Alabama Society of Colonial Dames preserves the memory of faithful service 1912 — Map (db m69567) HM
Alabama (Escambia County), East Brewton — Site of Fort Crawford
 Fort Crawford was established in 1816 by elements of the 7th U.S. Infantry under orders from Major General Andrew Jackson. Purpose was to monitor Spanish activities in West Florida and curtail hostile Creek Indian activities.  Named after . . . — Map (db m84373) HM
Alabama (Henry County), Shorterville — Franklin - First Beachhead into East Alabama
The frontier village of Franklin was established here by Colonel Robert Irwin in 1814 on the site of the Indian town of Cheeska Talofa. It was the first colonial village in east Alabama. Fort Gaines, Georgia, was constructed in 1816 to protect the . . . — Map (db m71844) HM
Alabama (Lauderdale County), Florence — Fort WillinghamNational Guard Armory
(side 1) The United States flag that flies at the base of this hill stands as a sentry over the site that was the home of Fort Willingham Armory from 1937-1979. The Armory was named after Dr. Henry J. Willingham, president of Florence State . . . — Map (db m83987) HM
Alabama (Lee County), Cusseta — Fort CussetaChambers County
Following the signing of the Creek Treaty in 1832, the early white settlers constructed a 16 by 30 foot hand hewn log fort for protection against a possible Indian uprising from Cussetaw Indian Village on Osanippa Creek just north of here. Walls of . . . — Map (db m71643) HM
Alabama (Limestone County), Athens — Fort Henderson / Trinity School - 1865-1970
Fort Henderson Built on this site in 1863 by federal forces occupying Athens. It was a five-sided earthen fort with some frame buildings and underground bomb-proofs. Abatis lined the fifteen-foot deep perimeter ditch, a small portion of which . . . — Map (db m41787) HM
Alabama (Limestone County), Athens — Trinity School Cistern
This cistern is the last remnant of Trinity School located here 1865-1907. The cistern was used to store rainwater collected from the roof. No physical evidence remains of the Ross Hotel, the Chapman Quarters, and other buildings on this block, . . . — Map (db m72219) HM
Alabama (Limestone County), Elkmont — Battle of Sulphur Creek Trestle
On Sept. 25, 1864 Gen. N.B. Forrest's Confederate cavalry, with Morton's battery of 4 guns, attacked and captured the Union fort near here. The fort consisted of a square redoubt, rifle pits, two blockhouses, and some frame buildings. It protected a . . . — Map (db m60870) HM
Alabama (Limestone County), Elkmont — Sims Settlement
Side A (North side) In the fall of 1806 a group of settlers led by William and James Sims, traveled from east Tennessee on flatboats down the Tennessee River and up the Elk River to this area. They landed near Buck Island and spread out . . . — Map (db m85454) HM
Alabama (Mobile County), Creola — Site of Old Mobile
(English) Site of Old Mobile Fort Louis de la Louisiane Founded 1702 by Pierre Le Moyne d’Iberville Under orders of Louis XIV First Capital of French Louisiana 1702-1711 (French) Site de Vieux Mobile Fort . . . — Map (db m70588) HM
Alabama (Mobile County), Dauphin Island — Stop E — "Save Your Garrison."Bombardment of Fort Powell: — Stop E
The Confederates built Fort Powell on Tower Island, an oyster shell bank fifty feet north of Grant's Pass. The Pass provided an easy route from Mobile Bay to New Orleans through Mississippi Sound. C.S. Lieutenant Colonel James M. Williams, only . . . — Map (db m87239) HM
Alabama (Mobile County), Dauphin Island — Stop D — "To Be Blown To Kingdom Come"Siege of Fort Gaines — Stop D
Once Farragut was in the Bay, capture of Fort Gaines and Powell would prevent his isolation there. So at 4:00 pm, August 3, 1864, 1,500 soldiers commanded by U.S. General Edward Canby (but under the operational direction of General Gordon . . . — Map (db m87219) HM
Alabama (Mobile County), Dauphin Island — Stop D — “Damn the Torpedoes!”The Battle of Mobile Bay: — Stop D
At 7:25 a.m., August 5, 1864, Admiral Farragut’s lead monitor Tecumseh steered into the torpedo field at the mouth of Mobile Bay. The admiral had ordered Commander Tunis Craven, the Tecumseh’s captain, to engage the ram . . . — Map (db m87234) HM
Alabama (Mobile County), Dauphin Island — Anchor From U.S.S. Hartford
This anchor came from the U.S.S. Hartford, Admiral Farragut's flagship during the Civil War "Battle of Mobile Bay" in August of 1864. It was there that he uttered the now famous words, "Damn the Torpedoes—Full Speed Ahead!" — Map (db m87244) HM
Alabama (Mobile County), Dauphin Island — Stop 1 — Storm Clouds GatherThe Overland Campaign — Stop 1: Fort Gaines
To Wait and Watch In late August 1864 the Federals controlled Mobile Bay but could not attack Mobile. Admiral Farragut could not reach the City even with his light draft vessels, because the channels in the upper Bay had been obstructed. . . . — Map (db m87243) HM
Alabama (Mobile County), Mobile — 10" Rifled Sea Coast Columbiad
Manufactured at Tredegar Iron Works Richmond, Virginia CSA This cannon was used by Alabama Confederate Forces in the defense of Mobile during the War for Southern Independence from 1861-1865. It was mounted at Ft. Powell, guarding . . . — Map (db m86727) HM
Alabama (Mobile County), Mobile — Battle of Fort Blakely Monument
Ill. 76th Vol. Inf. In Memory of our Heroes Who Fell at Fort Blakely, Ala. April 9, 1865 —— 2nd Brig. 2nd Div. 13th Army Corps. William T. Duke • Micajah S. Moore • William Crimes • George H. Hopkins • George . . . — Map (db m86870) WM
Alabama (Mobile County), Mobile — How Big was the Original Fort Condé?
Since colonial rulers were unable to attract large numbers of settlers to Mobile, the Port City’s population remained small and never grew above 500. Because the majority of Mobile’s population was military personnel, the city was built around the . . . — Map (db m87207) HM
Alabama (Mobile County), Mobile — Mobile's First Jail
Here within Fort Charlotte was Mobile's first jail. — Map (db m86436) HM
Alabama (Mobile County), Mobile — The Revolutionary War at MobileSiege of Fort Charlotte (Condé) 1780
Spain, America's ally, declared war on Great Britain in June 1779. Bernardo de Galvez, governor of Spanish Louisiana at New Orleans, led the attack against the British along the lower Mississippi River and Gulf Coast. In February 1780, Galvez laid . . . — Map (db m86355) HM
Alabama (Mobile County), Mt. Vernon — Fort Stoddert– 1799 →
Site three miles east. Border fort and port of entry into the United States while the 31st parallel was the southern border. Aaron Burr was held prisoner here after capture near McIntosh in 1807. — Map (db m70592) HM
Alabama (Mobile County), Mt. Vernon — Mt. Vernon Federal Highway
In 1811, the Mount Vernon Cantonment, located on a hill about three miles west of the Mobile River, was laid out by Col. Thomas H. Cushing. The cantonment was on the site of a spring called Mount Vernon Springs. In 1814, the garrison at Mt. Vernon . . . — Map (db m85911) HM
Alabama (Monroe County), Perdue Hill — Fort ClaiborneCreek Indian War 1813-1814
Built by Gen. Ferdinand L. Claiborne as a base for his invasion of the Alabama country with U.S. Regulars, Lower Tombigbee Militia, and friendly Choctaws. Claiborne’s campaign culminated in the American victory over the Creeks at the Holy Ground. — Map (db m47641) HM
Alabama (Monroe County), Perdue Hill — Piache
Piache, an Indian town visited by DeSoto in 1540 was near here. DeLuna made a settlement here, Nanipacna in 1560. Fort Claiborne was erected on the south bluff, in 1813. LaFayette was entertained here, 1825. . . . — Map (db m47639) HM
Alabama (Morgan County), Decatur — 2 — “A Hard Nut To Crack” - Federal Defenses at Decatur“A Hard Nut To Crack” — The Battle For Decatur
Decatur played a key role in the Federal defenses of the vital rail lines in North Alabama. These defenses were configured in a three-tiered system. First, a number of lightly armored gunboats, constructed on the Tennessee River and nicknamed . . . — Map (db m86476) HM
Alabama (Morgan County), Decatur — 4 — “An Affair Most Important to Us” - The Federal Right, October 27-28, 1864“A Hard Nut To Crack” — The Battle For Decatur
As Hood’s Army of Tennessee encircled Decatur, sharpshooters advanced upon the Union defenses. Colonel Doolittle’s men responded with heavy artillery and musket fire. During the early afternoon of October 27, the Confederates approached the Federal . . . — Map (db m28241) HM
Alabama (Russell County), Fort Mitchell — Fort Mitchell<----- 5 miles -----
Built during Creek War 1813 by Georgia Militia on main Indian trade route to Tombigbee River. U.S. Troops stationed here until 1837. 1836 Lower Creeks corralled here for forced removal to the West. — Map (db m26069) HM
Alabama (Russell County), Fort Mitchell — Fort Mitchell Military Cemetery
This military graveyard was established soon after Fort Mitchell was built by General John Floyd of the Georgia Militia. Located just south of the stockade, the cemetery was used between 1813 and 1840 during the fort's occupation by Georgia and . . . — Map (db m26122) HM
Alabama (Russell County), Fort Mitchell — The Creek Trail of Tears
Approximately one mile due east of this marker, back down the Old Federal Road, called by frontiersmen and Indians the Three Notched Trail or the Three Chopped Way, stood Fort Mitchell, an early 19th century American fort that in 1836 was one of the . . . — Map (db m26100) HM
Alabama (Saint Clair County), Ohatchee — Fort Strother
Creek Indian War Headquarters of Gen. Andrew Jackson 1813 - 1814 Erected By St. Clair County — Map (db m28144) HM
Alabama (Sumter County), Livingston — Sumter County
1736:   First settlement by French at Ft. Tombecbee. 1830:   U.S. got Choctaw Indian lands by Treaty of Dancing Rabbit Creek. 1832:   County created by Act of State Legislature -- named for Gen. Thomas Sumter, "The Gamecock," South . . . — Map (db m92663) HM
Alabama (Tallapoosa County), Jacksons Gap — Fort Okfuskee←— 6 mi. west —«
Built in 1735 by British from Carolina in futile attempt to gain trade of the Creek Indians from the French, located at Fort Toulouse, 40 mi. S. Okfuskee was the largest town in Creek Confederacy. — Map (db m22232) HM
Alaska (Haines Borough), Haines — Founders of Port Chilkoot
Commemorating the Founders of Port Chilkoot World War II Veterans and their families who bought Fort Wm. H. Seward in 1947 and pioneered their futures here. Steve Homer • Ted and Mimi Gregg • Carl and Betty Heinmiller • Marty and . . . — Map (db m70803) HM WM
Arizona (Cochise County), Bowie — 086-352 — Old Fort BowieGuardian of Apache Pass
Established 1862 following the Battle of Apache Pass, largest conflict in Arizona Indian Wars. Massed Apaches under Cochise and Mangas Coloradas were routed by howitzers fired by California Volunteers attacked in the pass. Fort Bowie overlooked only . . . — Map (db m6994) HM
Arizona (Cochise County), Bowie — Post Cemetery
The Post Cemetery predated the establishment of Fort Bowie, when soldiers of the California Column were interred here in 1862. The area was unfenced until 1878, when a four-foot adobe wall was erected to protect the graves from desecration by post . . . — Map (db m68858) HM
Arizona (Cochise County), Elfrida — Camp John A. Rucker A Military OutpostStood on This Site 1878 - 1880
Lt. John A. Rucker, 6th Cav. U.S.A. perished in proximity in flooded White River July 11, 1878 attempting to save life of Lt. Austin Henely Also on this site 1884-1943 ranch headquarters of Gray - Hampe - Rak — Map (db m42057) HM
Arizona (Cochise County), Elfrida — Camp Rucker and the Indian Scouts
Camp Supply served as the base for two companies of Indian Scouts: Company C commanded by 2nd Lieutenant John A. Rucker, and Company D led by 1st Lieutenant Austin Henely. Each Company included between 32 and 40 Scouts who enlisted for 6 months at a . . . — Map (db m42080) HM
Arizona (Cochise County), Huachuca City — Fort Huachuca(1877)
Situated on the southern route to the Pacific Ocean, it brought law and order to the Arizona Territory, protecting settlers, miners, travelers and immigrants. Its troops won the surrender of Geronimo. Generals Pershing and Wood served here. As . . . — Map (db m27897) HM
Arizona (Cochise County), Sierra Vista — Fort Huachuca
Est. 1877 National Historic Landmark — Map (db m28232) HM
Arizona (Coconino County), Fredonia — 29 — Pipe Springs National Monument
Fifteen miles southwest is historic “Pipe Springs” early pioneer outpost and first telegraph station in Arizona. — Map (db m94921) HM
Arizona (Coconino County), Happy Jack — General Crook Trail
Under the direction of General George Crook this trail was built in the early 1870's. Starting at Fort Whipple, it winds down to Fort Verde then eastward across the Mogollon Rim to Fort Apache covering 200 miles. It was used as a supply route by . . . — Map (db m67419) HM
Arizona (Coconino County), Happy Jack — General Crook Trail
Under the direction of General George Crook this trail was built in the early 1870's. Starting at Fort Whipple, it winds down to Fort Verde then eastward across the Mogollon Rim to Fort Apache covering 200 miles. It was used as a supply route by . . . — Map (db m67420) HM
Arizona (Maricopa County), Fort McDowell — Camp Reno
From 1866 to 1868 this outpost of Ft. McDowell served as a departure point for military expeditions against the Tonto and Pinal Apache Indians. — Map (db m27679) HM
Arizona (Maricopa County), Fort McDowell — Fort McDowell
This important military post protected central Arizona settlements from the Tonto Apaches during the Indian wars 1865-1886. Its function as a military post ended in 1890 and it became a reservation by executive order, September 15, 1909 as home of . . . — Map (db m27681) HM
Arizona (Maricopa County), Mesa — Site of Old Fort Utah
An adobe-walled refuge against Apaches Built by the Lehi Pioneers of March 6, 1877 First Mormon colonists in central or southern Ariz. [Left Column]: Daniel W. Jones • Harriet E. Jones • Daniel P. • Wiley C. • Edwin . . . — Map (db m49930) HM
Arizona (Mohave County), Bullhead City — Old Fort Mohave
Western anchor of a military road across Northern Arizona. Near here in 1858 Beale's camel expedition was ferried across the Colorado River on the steamer General Jessup. The fort was abandoned at the start of the Civil War. Was activated again in . . . — Map (db m32207) HM
Arizona (Mohave County), Kingman — Camp Beale Springs Arizona
This camp, established March 25, 1871 by Company F, 12th Infantry commanded by Capt. Thomas Bryne, was located at a spring used by Indians for centuries. It was named for Navy Lt. Edward F Beale who established a wagon road along the 35th parallel. . . . — Map (db m29411) HM
Arizona (Navajo County), Fort Apache — Adjutant's Office (117)
Built of adobe bricks in 1876, this is the third oldest surviving building at Fort Apache. Originally the Adjutant's Office (administrative office) of the post, it also served variously as post headquarters, military Post Office, telegraph office, . . . — Map (db m36799) HM
Arizona (Navajo County), Fort Apache — B.I.A. Club House (105)
The Club House was constructed by the Bureau of Indian Affairs in 1930 to provide housing and kitchen facilities for unmarried teachers employed at the Theodore Roosevelt School. The building was later converted to a clubhouse for use by the school . . . — Map (db m36784) HM
Arizona (Navajo County), Fort Apache — Barracks (115)
These ruins represent the last surviving enlisted men's barracks, on the east end of Barracks Row. Much like Officer's Row defined the north side of the Parade Ground, Barracks Row made up the south side. This adobe barracks was one of two completed . . . — Map (db m36874) HM
Arizona (Navajo County), Fort Apache — Barracks Row
Throughout the military history of Fort Apache, enlisted men were housed with their units to the south of Officers' Row. The first company quarters, completed in February 1871, were 18 by 20 foot log squad huts built in rows running north and south . . . — Map (db m36807) HM
Arizona (Navajo County), Fort Apache — Boys' Dormitory (116)
The Boys' Dormitory was constructed in 1932. Located on the east end of the fort's Parade Ground, it is on the site of earlier military structures including a telegraph office. Sandstone was quarried for the building's construction from a site about . . . — Map (db m36875) HM
Arizona (Navajo County), Fort Apache — Captain's Quarters (102 and 103)
An 1891 fire, sparked by a defective chimney and fanned by high winds, destroyed five sets of wood frame officers' quarters that had been constructed in this area between 1883 and 1886. Using sandstone quarried just east of the Fort, these two . . . — Map (db m36779) HM
Arizona (Navajo County), Fort Apache — Commanding Officers' Quarters (104)
A classic Victorian mansion, this building clearly represents some of the Army's architectural motivations. Recognizing the difficulties for officers and their families of being assigned to remote posts, the Army built homes such as this one to . . . — Map (db m36782) HM
Arizona (Navajo County), Fort Apache — Commissary Storehouse (113)
Built in 1889 to replace a smaller adobe structure, the Commissary Storehouse served as the Fort's food storage and distribution point until its closure in 1922. A solid building, the storehouse includes a stone cellar that extends three-fourth of . . . — Map (db m36804) HM
Arizona (Navajo County), Fort Apache — First Commanding Officer's Quarters (101)
This log cabin is the oldest surviving building at Fort Apache. The westernmost of a series of eight log cabins built in 1871 to form Officers' Row, this cabin was designated the Commanding Officer's Quarters. It was originally an 18 by 20 foot log . . . — Map (db m36778) HM
Arizona (Navajo County), Fort Apache — Guard House (114)
This stone guard house was built around 1891 to replace the earlier, bed-bug infested structure still standing about 300 feet to the west of this site. Placed near the original main entrance to the fort, this building provided housing for guards and . . . — Map (db m36805) HM
Arizona (Navajo County), Fort Apache — Non-Commissioned Officers' Quarters (110 & 111)
Constructed in 1888 in the architectural style of Fort Apache's Officers' Row, these residences housed junior officers or non-commissioned officers and their families. Like other quarters on the east end of Officers' Row, these residences were . . . — Map (db m36800) HM
Arizona (Navajo County), Fort Apache — Officer's Quarters (106)
This frame officer's quarters in the only one of seven built between 1883 and 1886 to have survived without significant modifications. Like many of the post's residences, it was built around a large central hallway that runs the length of the house. . . . — Map (db m36794) HM
Arizona (Navajo County), Fort Apache — Officers' Quarters (107, 108, 109)
These three officers' quarters were constructed between 1883 and 1888 to house junior officers and their families. With clipped-corner porches and symmetrical front elevations, these quarters reflect the architectural style established by the . . . — Map (db m36796) HM
Arizona (Navajo County), Fort Apache — Old Guard House (115A)
The first guardhouse at Fort Apache was built of logs and located on this site. In 1876, this stone building – the second oldest surviving structure on the post – was constructed to replace the original log structure. It was replaced as . . . — Map (db m36806) HM
Arizona (Navajo County), Fort Apache — Parade Ground
This large open field between Officers' Row and the enlisted men's Barracks Row was used by the army for drill practice, training, and review. When called to action, troops would assemble here prior to departure. It also provided a prime location . . . — Map (db m36781) HM
Arizona (Navajo County), Fort Apache — T.R. School Teachers' Quarters (112)
This house was constructed by the Bureau of Indian Affairs around 1930 to house Theodore Roosevelt School teachers and families. It deviates in style, though not in size, from the typical Officers' Row quarters. Initially the house had a flat . . . — Map (db m36803) HM
Arizona (Pima County), Tucson — Camp Lowell 1866-1873
Camp Lowell was established at this location in 1866 by the U.S. Army in recognition of the strategic military importance of Tucson. The local populace was fearful of Apaches, and the camp provided military protection as well as bringing financial . . . — Map (db m83013) HM
Arizona (Pima County), Tucson — Cottonwood Lane
Planted shortly after Fort Lowell was established in 1873. The trees were irrigated by acequias or open ditches with water diverted from Pantano Wash. The beautiful shade trees made Fort Lowell an oasis in an otherwise barren area. After the fort . . . — Map (db m26197) HM
Arizona (Pima County), Tucson — Fort Lowell
The military post, established in 1862 near downtown Tucson, was moved to this location in 1873. One of many active forts on the Arizona frontier, Lowell served also as a major supply depot, influencing the economy and social life of the . . . — Map (db m83031) HM
Arizona (Pima County), Tucson — Fort Lowell
Largest of the early Arizona military installations this was the supply base for military posts in southern Arizona during the long warfare against the Apaches. Built in 1873, it was Gen. Nelson A. Miles' headquarters in the final campaign against . . . — Map (db m83032) HM
Arizona (Pima County), Tucson — Main Gate
The main gate of the presidio was located near what is now Alameda Street, just north of this spot. The gate was built from mesquite timbers and had a platform above, where a guard stood watch. In the late 1860's, the families of Milton Duffield, . . . — Map (db m83204) HM
Arizona (Pima County), Tucson — Presidio San Agustín del Tucson
For about 80 years, the adobe walls of the Tucson Presidio protected the residents of the area from attacks by Apache groups, who opposed Spanish and Mexican peoples and their native allies beginning in the 1600s. The Spanish military designated the . . . — Map (db m83211) HM
Arizona (Pima County), Tucson — Presidio Wall
This marker locates the northwest corner of the adobe wall which surrounded the Royal Spanish Presidio San Agustín del Tucson. In 1776 the new outpost was garrisoned by seventy Spanish cavalry troopers and Indian scouts, transferred from Tubac under . . . — Map (db m83212) HM
Arizona (Pima County), Tucson — Southwest Corner of the Presidio
Excavations beneath this lawn in 1998 located the west adobe wall of the Tucson Presidio and a portion of the presidio blacksmith shop. The tower at the southwest corner remains buried beneath the nearby city hall parking lot. Soldiers stood guard . . . — Map (db m83230) HM
Arizona (Pima County), Tucson — Tucson Old Walled City
Founded 1776 by the Spanish Government as a Presidio. Became part of U.S. after Gadsden Purchase 1853 — Map (db m26399) HM
Arizona (Pima County), Tucson — Veterans MemorialFort Lowell Park
Dedicated to the enduring memory of the men and women who faithfully served in the military forces of the United States of America and in grateful acknowledgment of their contribution to this nation, which in time of peril, found in them its . . . — Map (db m28932) HM
Arizona (Santa Cruz County), Nogales — Camp Stephen D. Little
A military camp established in Nogales, Arizona, in November of 1910, was for a generation an integral part of the economic and social life of the community. The post was renamed on December 14, 1915, for Private Little killed in action during the . . . — Map (db m81716) HM
Arizona (Santa Cruz County), Tubac — Presidio of Tubac
Garrisoned by Spanish in 1752 First Town established in Arizona by Europeans Here on March 3, 1859 the Weekly Arizonian was published -- Arizona's first newspaper. — Map (db m68027) HM
Arizona (Santa Cruz County), Tubac — Tubac
Originally an Indian village, Tubac is the oldest European settlement in Arizona. It was established as the Royal Spanish Presidio San Ignacio de Tubac in 1752, after an uprising of Pima Indians. In 1775 Captain Juan Bautista de Anza led an . . . — Map (db m27119) HM
Arizona (Santa Cruz County), Tubac — Tubac Presidio
Here stood the original Spanish presidio or fort established as San Ignacio de Tubac after the Pima uprising of 1751. Captain Juan Bautista de Anza was in command in 1775, when he led his famous expedition to California to found San Francisco. The . . . — Map (db m68026) HM
Arizona (Yavapai County), Camp Verde — Camp Verde
The oldest settlement in the Verde Valley. Site of historic Fort Verde. The first settlers came into the valley in February, 1865, followed by the military in August, 1865. Original military and historic buildings still stand. — Map (db m40814) HM
Arizona (Yavapai County), Camp Verde — Fort Verde State Historic ParkThe West As It Really Was!
The Mythology of a Western Fort Fort Verde is typical of western forts built in the 1870's and 1880's but our vision of forts comes from movies. Log stockades with towers and John Wayne fearlessly firing his rifle at attacking Indians. The . . . — Map (db m40815) HM
Arizona (Yavapai County), Montezuma Castle National Monument — The Community
A farming community of perhaps 200 people prospered here for more than three centuries. The Castle was home to 35 or so of these people. Archeologists suggest they may have fled what is today the Flagstaff area due to overpopulation around A.D. . . . — Map (db m40840) HM
Arizona (Yavapai County), Montezuma Castle National Monument — The People Next Door
Here’s another “castle” – this one called “A” by the archeologists who excavated it in the 1930s. Like neighboring Montezuma Castle, Castle A was occupied by Sinagua farmers between A.D. 1200 and 1450. However, with . . . — Map (db m40863) HM
Arizona (Yuma County), Yuma — Commanding Officer's Quarters & Kitchen
In 1859, steamboat entrepreneur George Alonzo Johnson built a riverside home for his bride, Estefana Alvarado. Now known as the Commanding Officer's Quarters, the home is believed to be Arizona's oldest Anglo-built adobe building. In the devastating . . . — Map (db m28999) HM
Arizona (Yuma County), Yuma — Office of the U. S. Army Depot Quartermaster
This adobe building was constructed in 1872 as an office for the Fort Yuma Quartermaster Depot. It replaced a room in a corner of the depot storehouses where, according to Captain J. G. C. Lee, Quartermaster, ". . .the noise of the arrivals and . . . — Map (db m29000) HM
Arizona (Yuma County), Yuma — Quartermaster Depot Water Reservoir
A steam pump located at the edge of the river propelled muddy Colorado River water through pipes to an elevated holding tank constructed of local rock and mortar with a wood shingle roof to decrease evaporation. Sediment fell to the bottom of the . . . — Map (db m29001) HM
Arkansas (Sebastian County), Fort Smith — Belle Point
In 1817, the first Fort Smith was built at Belle Point at the junction of the Poteau and Arkansas Rivers by Major William Bradford, for the mutual protection of the pioneers and Indians. He was in command until 1822. It was named in honor of . . . — Map (db m77874) HM
Arkansas (Sebastian County), Fort Smith — Clues from the PastFort Smith National Historic Site
The building in front of you is very much as it appeared in the 1890s. First used as a military barracks, it was later converted for use as a courthouse and jail. Over time its appearance changed to accommodate the different needs of the people . . . — Map (db m82354) HM WM
Arkansas (Sebastian County), Fort Smith — The Bastion That Never Was
When army engineers originally designed the second Fort Smith in 1838, they planned for it to withstand attack. A key feature in achieving this goal was a stone wall about twelve feet high and from two to three feet thick. This wall surrounded the . . . — Map (db m58434) HM
California (Amador County), Ione — 867 — Preston Castle
The “Castle,” Built in 1890–1894, is the most significant example of Romanesque Revival architecture in the Mother Lode. It was built to house the Preston School of Industry. Established by the State Legislature as a progressive . . . — Map (db m2046) HM
California (Fresno County), Fresno — 3 — Fort Washington
Approximately 2 miles north of this point, Fort Washintgon was built in the spring of 1850 by Wiley B Cassity (Cassady or Cassidy), Charls D. Gibbes, Major Lane and others. This fort, probably the first building erected in Fresno County, served as . . . — Map (db m28013) HM
California (Fresno County), Friant — Erected to the Memory of the Pioneers of the Millerton Area Whose Remains Rest HereWinchell Cove Cemetery
The site of Fort Miller (1851-1866) lies about one mile north and that of the pioneer town of Millerton (1851-1874) about one and one-half miles northwest on the then Visalia - Stockton Road. Both sites are now covered by the waters of Millerton . . . — Map (db m47248) HM
California (Imperial County), Calexico — 808 — Camp Salvation
Here on September 23, 1849, Liet. Cave J. Couts, Escourt Commander, International Boundary Commission, established Camp Salvation. From September till the first of December 1849, it served as a refugee center for distressed emigrants attempting to . . . — Map (db m50586) HM
California (Imperial County), Imperial — 944 — Site of Fort Romualdo Pacheco(1825 - 1826)
In 1774, Spain opened an overland route from Sonora to California but it was closed by Yuma Indians in 1781. In 1822, Mexico attempted to reopen this route. Lt. Romualdo Pacheco and soldiers built an adobe fort at this site in 1825-26, the only . . . — Map (db m50589) HM
California (Imperial County), Palo Verde — Fort Gaston
Camp Gaston Near this spot,situated on the west bank of the Colorado river, about 45 miles of fort Yuma, Fort Gaston was established in 1859 by Captain Henry S. Burton, Company F 3rd Artillery. The Camp served as a supply post for the Hoffman . . . — Map (db m86209) HM
California (Imperial County), Winterhaven — 806 — Fort Yuma
Originally called Camp Calhoun, the site was first used as a U.S. Military Post in 1849. A fire destroyed the original buildings. By 1855 the barracks had been rebuilt. Called Camp Yuma in 1852 it became Fort Yuma after reconstruction. Transferred . . . — Map (db m50585) HM
California (Kern County), Lebec — Camel Trail TerminusFort Tejon
Jefferson Davis, “Father of National Highways,” as Secretary of War 1853-57 sponsored the importation of 33 camels for transporting military supplies to the west coast. The camel trail survey ran from San Antonio, Texas to Fort Tejon . . . — Map (db m32823) HM
California (Kern County), Lebec — 129 — Fort Tejon
This military post was established by the United States Army on June 24, 1854, to suppress stock rustling and for the protection of Indians in the San Joaquin Valley. As regimental headquarters of the First Dragoons, Fort Tejón was an important . . . — Map (db m81718) HM
California (Kern County), Lebec — Peter Lebec
Although little is known about Peter Lebec, it is believed that he was killed by a grizzly bear, and buried under this tree. His epitaph was originally carved into the tree. — Map (db m11092) HM
California (Lassen County), Janesville — Fort Janesville
built in 1859 during the Piute War — Map (db m87774) HM
California (Lassen County), Susanville — 76 — Roop's Fort
Built in July 1854 by Isaac N. Roop. First called Roop's House, and used as stopping place by emigrant trains. It was the locale of the "sagebrush war" fought in 1863 between Plumas County and Lassen County citizens. — Map (db m10266) HM
California (Los Angeles County), Los Angeles — Fort MoorePioneer Memorial and Park
On this site stood Fort Moore built by the Mormon Battalion during the War with Mexico This memorial honors the troops who helped to win the South West. The Flag of the United States was raised here on July 4th 1847 by United . . . — Map (db m81688) HM
California (Los Angeles County), Wilmington — 21 — Officers' Quarters, Drum Barracks, 1862-1868"Drum Barracks, Civil War Period"
Panel 1: Officers’ Quarters 1862 * Drum Barracks * 1868 Supply Depot, Department of the Southwest, U.S. Army. In memory of the historic past of this building and the importance of its association with early American history . . . — Map (db m52631) HM
California (Marin County), Tiburon — 600 Bunkmates
Built in 1911, this concrete barracks building could house 686 men. By WW II, Fort McDowell has quarters for about 4,500 soldiers, including fourteen additional wooden barracks that once stood between the baseball field and this 600-man barracks. . . . — Map (db m69276) HM
California (Marin County), Tiburon — Bowling and Dollars
A great morale builder, Fort McDowell’s bowling alley opened in 1944, sporting six lanes. Fort McDowell’s bowling teams – the “Jail Birds,” “Brass Hats,” and the "McDowell Mermaids” competed against teams from . . . — Map (db m69299) HM
California (Marin County), Tiburon — Defending the Bay
Battery Ledyard, built in 1899, was one of three Angel Island batteries installed to defend San Francisco Bay. Located at Point Knox, it was armed with two five-inch wire wound guns. Battery Ledyard was named for Lt. August C. Ledyard, 6th Infantry, . . . — Map (db m69251) HM
California (Marin County), Tiburon — Fort McDowell’s General Store
The Post Exchange, or PX, was built in 1910 to be a “one stop shopping place” for soldiers at Fort McDowell. Soldiers purchased clothing toiletries, and other supplies here. The PX also offered a restaurant, soda fountain, barbershop, . . . — Map (db m69279) HM
California (Marin County), Tiburon — Guarding the Post
The Guard House served as headquarters for the Officers of the Guard and the Sergeant of the Guard, and as quarters for soldiers assigned to guard detail. Guard duty could last a day, a week, or longer. Guards patrolled their post for 24-hour . . . — Map (db m69278) HM
California (Marin County), Tiburon — Play Games
If you listen carefully, you can hear the crack of a bat and soldiers cheering as a Fort McDowell “Indian” rounds third base and heads for home – Cole Field. The ball park was home to the men’s baseball team, the . . . — Map (db m69275) HM
California (Marin County), Tiburon — Shipping Out and Coming HomeFort McDowell
During WW I and WW II, Fort McDowell served as a Recruit Depot and later as an overseas Discharge and Replacement Depot. While some soldiers were stationed at Fort McDowell, others were here for only a week before being shipped overseas. During . . . — Map (db m69280) HM
California (Marin County), Tiburon — The Army Moves InCamp Reynolds
In 1863, Civil War was raging in the East and the threat of Confederate ships sailing into San Francisco Bay was real. The United States Army responded by sending Company B of the 3rd Artillery to establish Camp Reynolds as an artillery post on . . . — Map (db m69250) HM
California (Mariposa County), Bear Valley — 5999 — Fremont’s Fort
General John C. Fremont, 1813-1890. A noted military man, explorer, topographer, senator & businessman, Fremont was also a miner. He settled in Mariposa County living just outside Bear Valley. He operated the Josephine, Pine Tree & Princeton mines . . . — Map (db m5783) HM
California (Mendocino County), Fort Bragg — 615 — Fort Bragg
Established in this vicinity June 11, 1857 by 1st Lieutenant Horatio Gate Gibson, 3rd Artillery, later Brigadier General, US Army. Named by Gibson in honor of his former company commander, Braxton Bragg, later General, C.S.A. Abandoned in October . . . — Map (db m10585) HM
California (Mendocino County), Fort Bragg — Fort Building
The last remaining structure and once the original quartermaster’s storehouse and commissary of Fort Bragg Military Post 1857-1864, then located near Laurel and Redwood Avenues. — Map (db m10586) HM
California (Monterey County), Marina — Stilwell Hall: A Fond MemoryFort Ord Dunes State Park
For the two million servicemen and women who passed through Fort Ord, the entertainment center that once occupied this site provided welcome relief from rigorous military training. The Soldier’s Club, later renamed Stilwell Hall, featured a huge . . . — Map (db m68882) HM
California (Monterey County), Marina — Training to Defend AmericaFort Ord Dunes State Park
From World War II until Fort Ord’s closure in 1994, there dunes echoed with the sound of small arms fire. Rifle and machine gun ranges here gave thousands of U.S. Army Infantrymen the marksmanship skills needed to serve their nation in times of both . . . — Map (db m68885) HM
California (Monterey County), Monterey — 6 — Bouchard Monument
On November 20, 1818, in the closing years of the Spanish Era, Capitan Hippolyte Bouchard entered Monterey Bay with two ships, flying the flag of the United Provinces of the Rio de la Plata, Argentina. The next day, one ship attacked the Spanish . . . — Map (db m66555) HM
California (Monterey County), Monterey — El Castillo de Monterey
Site of a Spanish fort constructed in 1792 to protect the port and presidio of Monterey from invaders. This is one of only three such forts constructed by the Spanish in California. — Map (db m63108) HM
California (Monterey County), Monterey — 7 — El Castillo Site
This old Spanish fort began as eleven guns behind a crude parapet of logs overlooking the anchorage of Monterey Bay in 1972. The battery was strengthen and enlarged over the years and served as the principal fort in Monterey for both the Spanish and . . . — Map (db m63107) HM
California (Monterey County), Monterey — Fort Mervine
First American fort in California. Built in 1846-47. Named in honor of Navy Captain William Mervine who directed the raising of the American flag over the Custom House in 1846. — Map (db m63123) HM
California (Monterey County), Monterey — 5 — Presidio of Monterey Museum
Most of the wooden buildings on Presidio Hill below the Defense Language Institute complex were constructed from 1902 to 1906 by the 15th Infantry under the direction of Army Captain E.H. Plummer. The museum building was originally the post’s . . . — Map (db m63125) HM
California (Monterey County), Monterey — Spanish Presidio
Approximate location of the West wall of the Presidio of Monterey which was established in 1770 to protect the Spanish settlers. — Map (db m63229) HM
California (Riverside County), Chuckwalla — 53 — Young Divisional CampCamp Young Headquarters Desert Training Center — California-Arizona Maneuver Area
Camp Young, named after Lt. Gen. S.B.M. Young, the 1st Army Chief of Staff, was established at this site in the Spring of 1942. It was one of twelve such camps built in the southwestern deserts to harden and train United States Troops for service to . . . — Map (db m78581) HM
California (Sacramento County), Sacramento — 666 — Camp Union Sutterville
The 5th Infantry Regiment, California Volunteers, was organized here on 8 October, 1861 and trained by Brevet Brigadier General George W. Bowie for duty in Arizona, New Mexico, and Texas against the Confederate forces. Since this was the year of the . . . — Map (db m10825) HM
California (Sacramento County), Sacramento — 591 — Captain John A. Sutter's Landing
[Main Marker]: Captain John A. Sutter, after coming up the Sacramento River from Yerba Buena in August 1839, landed approximately two hundred feet north of here, at what was then the south bank of the American River. A short time thereafter . . . — Map (db m10522) HM
California (Sacramento County), Sacramento — General John A. SutterFebruary 15, 1808 – June 18, 1880
Swiss Immigrant Founder of New Helvetia The beginning of Sacramento Builder of Sutter’s Fort A man of vision and compassion who deserves the respect and gratitude of Americans and Swiss — Map (db m11182) HM
California (Sacramento County), Sacramento — Sutter's FortThis Tree Came From Kandern, Baden, Germany — The Birthplace of General John A Sutter
The Native Sons and Native Daughters of the Golden West planted it on July 19, 1939. and dedicated it September 9, 1948, on the occasion of the celebration of Admission Day and the Centenary of the founding of the modern City of Sacramento. — Map (db m11886) HM
California (San Bernardino County), Baker — 34 — Soda Springs - Zzyzx Mineral Springs
In 1860 the U.S. Army established an outpost at Soda Springs to protect government supplies from Indians. Later, miners processed the adjacent lake minerals. In 1906 the Tonopah & Tidewater railroad arrived. From 1944 to 1974 Dr. Curtis H. Springer . . . — Map (db m78587) HM
California (San Bernardino County), Baker — The Desert Studies Center
[Panel #1] 1776 - 1830: Early Explorers Francisco Garces 1776 - As the Revolutionary War broke out, California was still a province of Spain, and the Spanish government decided to help feed a hungry Mexico by farming the . . . — Map (db m83575) HM
California (San Bernardino County), Colton — 617 — Fort Benson
This is the site of an adobe fortification erected about 1856-57 by the "Independent" faction in a dispute with the Mormons over a land title. The fort was maintained for about a year. This also is the site of the Indian village of Jumuba, and . . . — Map (db m51027) HM
California (San Bernardino County), Goffs — 61 — Pah-Ute CreekFort Pah-Ute — Mojave Road
Pah-Ute Creek, which runs year around, attracted many Indian tribes, who used several Indian trails through this area. The first white man to visit Pah-Ute Creek was Fr. Francisco Garces in May of 1776. It was given it's name by Lt. A.W. Whipple . . . — Map (db m78577) HM
California (San Bernardino County), Newberry Springs — 963-1 — Camp Cady (1860-1871)
Camp Cady was located on the Mojave Road which connected Los Angeles to Albuquerque. Non-Indian travel on this and the nearby Salt Lake Road was beset by Paiutes, Mohaves, and Chemehuevis defending their homeland. To protect both roads, Camp Cady . . . — Map (db m50718) HM
California (San Bernardino County), Newberry-Baker — 19 — Camp Rock Spring
To the United States Soldiers of Camp Rock Spring --- who guarded the U.S. Mail No glory there, nor much chance for military fame, but true patriots and heroes were they, to submit to such privations--yet these are the nurseries of the army, . . . — Map (db m78592) HM
California (San Bernardino County), Newberry-Baker — Fort Pah-Ute(1867-68)
As many as eighteen enlisted men of Company "D," 9th U.S. Infantry once served duty here within the now crumbling walls of "Fort Pah-Ute." Although never established as an official fort, "Pah-Ute Creek," as it was commonly called, did house a small . . . — Map (db m51274) HM
California (San Bernardino County), San Bernardino — 44 — Site of Mormon Stockade
On this site in 1839 was built the first house in San Bernardino. The home of Jose del Carmen Lugo one of the grantees of the Rancho San Bernardino. Also on this site in 1851 a stockade of logs was built as a protection against Indians. In it . . . — Map (db m51014) HM
California (San Diego County), Oak Grove — 482 — Camp Wright1861 - 1866
First established October 18, 1861, on Warner's Ranch at "Fork of the Trail to San Diego", to guard the communications between California and Arizona. Moved to this site by Major Edwin A. Rigg, First California Volunteers, about November 23, 1861. . . . — Map (db m51092) HM
California (San Diego County), San Diego — Fort Guijarros Site
An outpost of Spain's far flung empire at its greatest extent, this fort was completed before 1800 from plans drawn by Alberto de Córdoba in 1795. Its major action came under Corporal José Velásquez on March 22, 1803, in the "Battle of San Diego . . . — Map (db m81234) HM
California (San Diego County), San Diego — 62 — Fort Rosecrans
President Millard Fillmore's executive order of 1852 created a U. S. Preserve on Point Loma. From 1870 to 1873 the coast artillery corpsmen evicted whalers from the site in order to begin the military installation. In 1899 it was named for William . . . — Map (db m81222) HM
California (San Diego County), San Diego — 54 — Fort Stockton
Fortified briefly by Carlos Carrillo in 1838. This site became Fort Dupont (July –November 1846) after American forces took Old Town during the Mexican War. Retaken and held briefly by the Californios, it fell once more to the Americans, who . . . — Map (db m81720) HM
California (San Diego County), San Diego — 523 — San Diego Barracks1850 - 1921
An army supply depot for Southern California was established on this site in 1850. Designated New San Diego Post, it was garrisoned by troops from December 2, 1858 to May, 1866. Reoccupied December 1869. Name changed to San Diego Barracks April 5, . . . — Map (db m51094) HM
California (San Diego County), San Diego — 59 — San Diego Presidio Site
Soldiers, sailors, Indians, and Franciscan missionaries from New Spain occupied the land at Presidio Hill on May 17, 1769 as a military outpost. Two months later, Fr. Junípero Serra established the first San Diego Mission on Presidio Hill. . . . — Map (db m11134) HM
California (San Francisco City and County), San Francisco — 82 — Castillo de San Joaquin
The first ship to enter San Francisco Bay, the San Carlos (Captain Ayala), dropped anchor off this point August 5, 1775. Lieutenant-Colonel Don Juan Bautista de Anza planted the cross on Cantil Blanco (White Cliff) March 28, 1776. The first . . . — Map (db m10742) HM
California (San Francisco City and County), San Francisco — CHL 90 — Fort Gunnybags
Fort Gunnybags was situated on this spot Headquarters of the Vigilance Committee during the year 1856 — Map (db m93082) HM
California (San Francisco City and County), San Francisco — Fort MasonHistoric San Francisco Port of Embarkation
In response to the 1906 earthquake and fire, and recognizing the critical role of Fort Mason as a naval operations center, Congress appropriated funds to construct the tree piers in use today. Built on land reclaimed from a tidal cove, Fort Mason . . . — Map (db m70027) HM
California (San Francisco City and County), San Francisco — Fort Mason Historic DistrictRevived San Francisco host 1915 world’s fair!
The Panama Pacific International Exposition, 635 acres of grand imagination, proclaimed to the world that San Francisco was fully recovered from the 1906 earthquake. Exhibition-filled palaces were built on filled marshlands between Fort Mason and . . . — Map (db m70001) HM
California (San Francisco City and County), San Francisco — Fort Mason Historic DistrictU.S. Army Post (1864-1966)
First fortified by the Spanish in 1797, this bluff above the bay was re-armed by the U.S. Army in 1864. The post remained active through the Civil War, western Indians Wars, and conflicts abroad, beginning with the Spanish-American War in 1898. . . . — Map (db m70025) HM
California (San Francisco City and County), San Francisco — Fort Point
Fort Point is considered one of the finest examples of military architecture in the United States and is San Francisco’s only major building constructed before the Civil War which has remained basically unchanged since it was completed and . . . — Map (db m10677) HM
California (San Francisco City and County), San Francisco — Lover’s Lane
This trail witnessed the passing of Spanish soldiers, Franciscan missionaries and American soldiers of two centuries. It is perhaps the oldest travel corridor in San Francisco. In 1776 this path connected the Spanish Presidio with the mission, . . . — Map (db m72484) HM
California (San Francisco City and County), San Francisco — Montgomery Street Barracks
In the years between the Civil War (1861-1864(sic)) and the Spanish-American War (1898), the health of the army improved drastically. The new concern for soldiers’ well-being, the emphasis on sanitation, which became realizable in the new . . . — Map (db m72483) HM
California (San Francisco City and County), San Francisco — Music in the Military: Presidio Band Barracks
The building to the right was a band barracks, Music kept the Army marchers in step, rallied troops in battle, enhanced ceremonies and solemnized burials. Each day at the Presidio began at 6 a.m. with the boom of a cannon and a bugle sounding a . . . — Map (db m72482) HM
California (San Francisco City and County), San Francisco — San Francisco Port of EmbarkationSoldiers shipped out from here
First the Spanish and then the American military used this bluff to guard the harbor against hostile invasion. As the 19th century came to a close, Fort Mason’s mission shifted from keeping enemy ships out of the bay to sending U.S. military ships . . . — Map (db m70000) HM
California (San Francisco City and County), San Francisco — San Francisco Port of Embarkation
Army’s primary depot for Pacific operation First garrisoned by U.S. Army troops during the Civil War, Fort Mason later played a key role in the emergence of the United States as an international power. Throughout the 1800s, the young . . . — Map (db m70018) HM
California (San Francisco City and County), San Francisco — San Francisco Port of Embarkation (1932-1962)Headquarters
Critical Logistics Center for the Army’s Pacific Operations. From its start in 1902 as an army hospital, built to accommodate twelve patients, this building went on to become the U. S. Army’s headquarters for troop and supply transport to . . . — Map (db m63580) HM WM
California (Santa Barbara County), Santa Barbara — 636 — Site of Royal Spanish Presidio
This presidio was established under orders of King Carlos III, April 19-21, 1782, by Governor Felipe De Neve, Padre Junipero Serra and Lieutenant Jose Francisco Ortega, to provide the benefits of government for the inhabitants of the Santa Barbara . . . — Map (db m50557) HM
California (Shasta County), Anderson — Fort Reading.
Located 80 rods north. Established May 26, 1852 by Co, E 2nd Infantry U.S.A. Evacuated June 1867. Marked by U.S. Army April 6, 1934. Sponsored by Shasta Historical Society. — Map (db m10296) HM
California (Shasta County), Fall River Mills — Captain Dick and Richard Pugh
In Commemoration of Captain Dick and Richard Pugh The 1850's saw tension and turmoil between the early settlers and the native peoples of the Fall River Valley. Richard Pugh, a native of Wales, was chosen by Lt. George Crook to be his . . . — Map (db m10287) HM
California (Shasta County), Fall River Mills — Fort Crook
In Commemoration of Fort Crook Established July 1, 1857 by Lieut' George Crook and Command for the protection of the immigrants and settlers. Later occupied by Capt John W Gardner and Capt McGregor. The boundaries of this fort were . . . — Map (db m57825) HM
California (Siskiyou County), Fort Jones — 317 — Fort Jones1852-1858
On this ground there was established on Oct. 16, 1852 a military post by Companies A and B First United States Dragoons. From April 23 1853 until June 28 1858, the date of its abandonment, this fort was garrisoned by Company E 4th US Infantry. . . . — Map (db m62845) HM
California (Sonoma County), Jenner — 5 — Fort Ross
Founded 1812 by Russians from Sitka. When Russians withdrew to Alaska, 1841, Captain Sutter bought the improvements and supplies. Acquired by State in 1906 and remaining buildings restored - Greek Orthodox Chapel, Commandants Quarters and Stockade. . . . — Map (db m68792) HM
California (Sonoma County), Jenner — Fort Ross
This chapel was a part of the settlement founded by the Russians in 1812 and known as Fort Ross. The fort was in the form of a quadrangle, about 300 feet square, inclosed by a redwood wall, with two blockhouses at opposite corners. Fort Ross . . . — Map (db m92911) HM
California (Sonoma County), Jenner — Fort Ross Defenses
The key to the defense of early frontier forts was the blockhouse. It was from the blockhouse that an attacker could be put under a deadly barrage. In the event that the stockade wall was breached, the defenders could retire to the blockhouse for a . . . — Map (db m85610) HM
California (Sonoma County), Jenner — Sandy Beach Cove
Sandy Beach Cover lies below the fort. The principal port of the settlement was 19 miles to the south at Port Rumiantsev (Bodega Bay), where there was a deep-water anchorage and a warehouse. Russian Navy and Russian-American Company ships frequently . . . — Map (db m16362) HM
California (Sonoma County), Jenner — The Call Family Residence1878 - 1972
George Washington Call (1829-1907) and his Chilean wife, Mercedes Leiva (1850-1933), bought 2,500 acres including Fort Ross in 1873. While maintaining a house in San Francisco, the family developed a dairy ranch and expanded the transport of local . . . — Map (db m16357) HM
California (Sonoma County), Jenner — The Native Alaskan Village
Native Alaskans, brought to Fort Ross by the Russian-American Company to hunt sea mammals and provide a work force for the colon, established a village on the marine terrace in front of the fort. The neighborhood also included the dwellings of . . . — Map (db m16361) HM
California (Sonoma County), Jenner — The Russian Cemetery
Across the gulch to the east, a large Russian Orthodox cross marks the site of the settlement's cemetery. In 1990 the University of Wisconsin, Milwaukee, and California State Parks conducted an archaeological investigation of the historic Russian . . . — Map (db m85607) HM
California (Sonoma County), Jenner — The Russian Village Site - Sloboda
Most of the inhabitants of Settlement Ross resided outside the fort; only Russian-American Company officials and visitors lived inside. Everyone in the vicinity of Fort Ross worked for the company. Lower-ranking Russian and Creole employees . . . — Map (db m85614) HM
California (Yuba County), Wheatland — Camp Far West Cemetery
[ Inscribed on the monument: ] Side A: To the Memory of the Pioneers who were buried here between the years 1844 – 1856 Side B: Erected 1911 By the Grand Parlor Native Sons of the Golden West [ . . . — Map (db m40633) HM
Colorado (Costilla County), Fort Garland — 16 — Fort Garland
This memorial is the property of the State of Colorado ——— Fort Garland United States military outpost to protect settlers from hostile Indians. Named for Brig. Gen. John Garland Commander of . . . — Map (db m22731) HM
Colorado (Costilla County), Fort Garland — 190 — Fort Garland
Top of the Marker: The Soldier’s Life Fort Garland housed infantry and cavalry units. During the 1870’s the famed Buffalo Soldiers—African-American cavalrymen—were also posted here. For all soldiers—and their . . . — Map (db m71032) HM WM
Colorado (La Plata County), Breen — [Old] Fort Lewis College
Originated on the site of a U.S. Cavalry post established in 1880 at Hesperus. From 1891 until 1956 the old fort was operated as an Indian school, a vocational high school and a junior college. The first president of the college was Charles . . . — Map (db m22765) HM
Colorado (La Plata County), Hesperus — The Old Spanish Trail
Between 1800 and 1850, the Old Spanish Trail became a regional trade route between Santa Fe and California. Dominguez and Escalante traveled through this valley in 1776. Within twenty-five years of their expedition this trail became a . . . — Map (db m71614) HM
Colorado (Larimer County), Loveland — 20 — Namaqua
This Memorial Is the Property Of The State Of Colorado Namaqua Home, trading post and fort of Mariano Modena, early trapper, scout and pioneer. First settlement in the Big Thompson Valley. Station on Overland . . . — Map (db m51194) HM
Colorado (Logan County), Merino — 2 — Fort Wicked
Due west 940 feet stood “Fort Wicked" Originally Godfrey’s Ranch Famous Overland Stage Station One of the few posts withstanding the Indian uprising of 1864 on the road to Colorado. Named from the . . . — Map (db m61998) HM
Colorado (Morgan County), Fort Morgan — Old Fort Morgan
Occupied from 1864 to 1868 and the divergence of the Denver Cut Off from the Overland Trail This monument is erected by Fort Morgan Chapter, Daughters of the American Revolution 1912 — Map (db m51213) HM
Colorado (Otero County), La Junta — A Cast of Colorful CharactersBent's Old Fort National Historic Site
John C. Fremont His name appears on almost any roll of Western pathbreakers. Fremont’s expeditions were instrumental in opening the Southwest. He visited the fort on three of his first four expeditions to the West. Susan . . . — Map (db m71849) HM
Colorado (Otero County), La Junta — An Adobe OutpostBent's Old Fort National Historic Site
A Mud Castle Rises In 1833, Bent, St. Vrain & Company built a trading post on the semi-arid reaches of the Arkansas River on the U.S. border with Mexico. Few if any buildings in the American West approached Bent’s Fort in size and . . . — Map (db m71847) HM
Colorado (Otero County), La Junta — Edward Dorris
Edward Dorris Died July 21, 1865 Aged 31 years 2 Ms. 28 Ds. EDWARD Thou Hast Gone to Rest In This Far Country of the West Brothers and Friends Mourn and Weep Thou in this Tomb Dost Sweetly Sleep Edward Dorris, a . . . — Map (db m71850) HM
Colorado (Otero County), La Junta — Mountain Men to MerchantsBent's Old Fort National Historic Site
I wish I was capable to do Bent and St. Vrain justice for the kindness received at their hands. I can only say their equals were never in the mountains. - Christopher “Kit” Carson Charles Bent Charles Bent led . . . — Map (db m71848) HM
Colorado (Otero County), La Junta — Traveling Through HistoryBent's Old Fort National Historic Site
For centuries, the Arkansas River Valley has been an important travel corridor that has shaped our nation’s history. Long before the fort was built, wildlife, native peoples, European explorers, trappers, and traders traveled through this river . . . — Map (db m71851) HM
Colorado (Otero County), La Junta — Welcome to the BorderlandsBent's Old Fort National Historic Site
In winters northers howled ... In summer temperatures climbed above the hundred-degree mark ... Spirits shriveled as respiratory organs dried; lips cracked and eyes burned ... it took a particular kind of spiritual iron to survive ... . . . — Map (db m71846) HM
Colorado (Pueblo County), Pueblo — Fort PuebloSite of Indian Massacre — Dec 25, 1854
This memorial commemorating the Old Pueblo Fort Site erected by The Arkansas Valley & Pueblo Chapters, Daughters of the American Revolution. Dedicated Nov. 17, 1923. On Christmas Day, 1854, a massacre occurred at Fort Pueblo on the . . . — Map (db m64755) HM
Colorado (Sedgwick County), Ovid — 49 — Fort SedgwickDue South 1 ¼ Miles is the site of
Established in September, 1864, as a United States Army Post. Called Camp Rankin and Post Julesburg Name changed in November 1865, to honor General John Sedgwick, who was killed at Spottsylvania May 9, 1864 The fort protected the stage line and . . . — Map (db m47365) HM
Colorado (Sedgwick County), Ovid — Fort Sedgwick, Colorado Territory
"We have no business to put men out here unless we give them food and shelter, and all things but sand and water must be hauled from 1 to 400 miles." Lt. Gen. William T. Sherman, Fort Sedgwick, August 1866

Camp Rankin was established just . . . — Map (db m47341) HM

Colorado (Sedgwick County), Ovid — Hard Duty on the Plains
Military records, diaries and letters of those who survived life at the post reveal a saga of fraud and corruption, bravery and daring-do...triumph and tragedy...where conditions were considered unlivable, pleasures were few and the nearest bath . . . — Map (db m47342) HM
Colorado (Weld County), Platteville — Fort Vasquez
In this area along the South Platte River, competing fur companies in the late 1830's established a string of four adobe trading posts -- Fort Vasquez, Fort St. Vrain, Fort Jackson and Fort Lupton traversed by the Old Trapper's Trail which connected . . . — Map (db m89596) HM
Colorado (Weld County), Platteville — Fort Vasquez
Established in 1837 by Louis Vasquez and Andrew W. Sublette. Maintained until 1842 as a post for trade in buffalo robes and beaver skins with Arapahoes and Cheyennes. Rendezvous of early trappers. Emigrant station on Platte River Trail after . . . — Map (db m89597) HM
Colorado (Weld County), Platteville — Fort Vasquez Trading Post1835 — Welcome - Bienvenido - Bonjour
You are standing at the north edge of a historic adobe fort of the fur trade era, founded by Andrew W. Sublette and Pierre Louis Vasquez in 1835 to support trade with the Cheyenne and Arapaho tribes. These men and their fellow trappers were . . . — Map (db m89619) HM
Connecticut (Fairfield County), Stamford — Fort Stamford
To mark the site near by of Fort Stamford Built and garrisoned for the defense of the people in these parts in the War for American Independence Erected by Stamford Chapter Daughters of the American Revolution Sept. 14, A.D. 1926 < Lower . . . — Map (db m53431) HM
Connecticut (Fairfield County), Stamford — Fort Stamford1781 - 1783
1776           1976       In August, 1781 Gov. Jonathan Trumbull and the Council of Safety ordered construction of fortifications near Stamford to prevent a surprise attack from the enemy. Designed by Col. Rufus Putnam, and erected and garrisoned by . . . — Map (db m53433) HM
Connecticut (Hartford County), Windsor — Old Fort Marker1633 - 1933
On the brow of the hill overlooking the meadow stood the Old Stone Fort or Stoughton House. It was in two portions, one stone, probably the older, and one wood. At the north end was a door of heavy oak timbers studded with iron spikes, which bore . . . — Map (db m28364) HM
Connecticut (New Haven County), Meriden — Castle Craig
Castle Craig Dedicated october 29, 1900 Castle Craig Tower stands 32 feet high on 976 foot East Peak in Meriden's Olmstead designed Hubbard Park. It has the distinction of being the highest point within 25 miles of the coast from Maine to . . . — Map (db m33628) HM
Connecticut (New Haven County), New Haven — Beacon Hill
On this spot a signal beacon was established in 1775 and about this hill American patriots bravely resisted a large force of invading British troops July 5, 1779 To honor the deeds of the Fathers Rising above the location of this sign . . . — Map (db m35735) HM
Connecticut (New Haven County), New Haven — Black Rock Fort
Black Rock Fort Here on July 5, 1779, eighteen men under Lieutenant Daniel Bishop stood in defense of New Haven against a British fleet commanded by Commodore Sir George Collier and land forces commanded by Major General William Tryon. When . . . — Map (db m35730) HM
Connecticut (New Haven County), New Haven — Fort Nathan HaleBlack Rock Fort
Fort Nathan Hale Black Rock Fort Entered the National Register of Historic Places October 28, 1970 — Map (db m35726) HM
Connecticut (New London County), Groton — Covered Way
A pathway between the fort and the lower battery where soldiers using it were under cover from enemy gunfire. — Map (db m19053) HM
Connecticut (New London County), Groton — Powder Magazine
Built in 1843 for the storage of gun Powder — Map (db m19055) HM
Connecticut (New London County), Groton — Shot Furnace
Built in 1843 – To heat cannon balls to set wooden vessels aflame when struck — Map (db m19054) HM
Connecticut (New London County), Groton — The Construction of Fort GriswoldStabilization and Preservation of Fort Griswold — Phase 1
In November 1775, Colonel Jedeiah Elderkin was directed by the Governor and the Council of Safety “to view the circumstances of the harbor at New London and neighboring places, and consider of the most proper place and manner of fortifying the . . . — Map (db m19041) HM
Connecticut (New London County), New London — “Aim, Load, Fire”
This scene features a replica 32-pound cannon that would have been employed here during the 1850s and 1860s. Thirty-two pound refers to the weight of the cannonballs used in this weapon. The soldiers are in the process of sponging the bore, . . . — Map (db m48406) HM
Connecticut (New London County), New London — Blockhouse
This sturdy granite building is the oldest surviving structure at Fort Trumbull State Park. At the urging of President George Washington, Congress authorized funds to fortify American seaports in 1794. A French engineer, Stephen Rochefontaine, . . . — Map (db m48265) HM
Connecticut (New London County), New London — Civil War
Ironically, the Third System forts, built to protect the U.S. coastline from foreign aggression, were never fired on by another country, but some were attacked by American rebel forces. The Civil War started in April of 1861 when Confederate cannon . . . — Map (db m48313) HM
Connecticut (New London County), New London — Fort Interiors
The fort you are now in has had continuous military occupation since its erection in 1852. the latest occupant, the United States Navy, used the facilities from 1941 and 1997. When the fort was turned over to the Connecticut Department of . . . — Map (db m48358) HM
Connecticut (New London County), New London — Fort Trumbull
This five-sided fort was built between 1839 and 1852 to protect New London Harbor as part of a broad system of coastal fortification undertaken by the federal government. This is the third Fort Trumbull built on this promontory, which was known as . . . — Map (db m48253) HM
Connecticut (New London County), New London — Maury HallBuilding 28
Maury Hall, a substantial two-story concrete building, stood on this site from the 1930s or early 1940s until 1999. It served as classrooms for the U.S. Maritime Service officers’ training program at Fort Trumbull during Worl War II. Known to the . . . — Map (db m48303) HM
Connecticut (New London County), New London — North Battery
Between 1875 and 1876, the army built this installation for heavy guns, known as the North Battery, to strengthen the military effectiveness of Fort Trumbull. Designed for five cannon aimed toward the water, the battery contained four gun platforms . . . — Map (db m48258) HM
Connecticut (New London County), New London — Parade Ground
This parade ground appears on a map from the 1830s, when the second Fort Trumbull was still standing. Its use dates back at least that far. The army conducted drills and inspections of troops on this stretch of land until the early twentieth . . . — Map (db m48272) HM
Connecticut (New London County), New London — Post Civil War to 1910
After the Civil War fewer troops were stationed at Fort Trumbull, but at least one artillery company continued to serve here each year into the early twentieth century. It became evident during the Civil War that advances in weapons had caused the . . . — Map (db m48356) HM
Connecticut (New London County), New London — Site Orientation
On this rocky and windy promontory overlooking the Thames River, more than two hundred years of military history have unfolded. The history of this place and those who served here reflects strategic and technological developments from the American . . . — Map (db m48647) HM
Connecticut (New London County), New London — South Battery
The army built this gun line, known as the South Battery, around 1840, while the present Fort Trumbull was under construction. By 1879, this battery contained eight cannon of two types, six Rodmans and two Parrotts. A low protective wall made of . . . — Map (db m48262) HM
Connecticut (New London County), New London — The Barracks
This building housed army enlisted men serving in the artillery or infantry from the 1830s until Fort Trumbull was downgraded to a supply post, in 1907. Built of rough-cut granite, the original stone section dates from about 1830, the same year . . . — Map (db m48300) HM
Connecticut (New London County), New London — The Third System
Although the United States won the War of 1812, the searing memory of the nation’s capital in flames continued to disturb the public and Congress alike. The British had entered the Chesapeake Bay, continued up the Potomac River, and set fire to . . . — Map (db m48353) HM
Delaware (Kent County), Hartly — KC-97 — Cheney Clow's Rebellion
During the American Revolution many Delawareans remained loyal to the British Crown. In 1778 a group of Loyalists under the leadership of local resident Cheney Clow constructed a fort near this location. Concerned that they would march on Dover, a . . . — Map (db m39715) HM
Delaware (New Castle County), Christiana — Talbot's Fort
Colonel George Talbot , cousin of Lord Baltimore, in defiance of William Penn's claim to Delaware,erected a fort nearby, 1684, on land of the Widow Ogle. Talbot dispossessed settlers between here and Iron Hill who refused to acknowledge Baltimore as . . . — Map (db m60040) HM
Delaware (New Castle County), Delaware City — Batteries Hentig and DoddThe 1890s modernization continued
By the turn of the century, Fort Delaware had become part of a coastal defense system, linking Fort Mott in New Jersey and Fort Dupont in Delaware. Batteries* Hentig and Dodd, which each housed two rapid-fire guns, were intended to furnish . . . — Map (db m21662) HM
Delaware (New Castle County), Delaware City — Sally Port
In its original state, heavy iron-studded oak doors (like the one before you) stood at both ends of the sally port. Large granite blocks, quarried in Quincy, Massachusetts, line its walls. A sample of the fort’s fine brickwork can be seen on the . . . — Map (db m21665) HM
Delaware (New Castle County), Delaware City — W. Emerson Wilson1908 - 1982
In Memory of W. Emerson Wilson 1908 - 1982 Through his leadership Pea Patch Island was returned to the State of Delaware by the Federal Government in 1948. He was the founder and first president of the Fort Delaware Society, January 1950 and was . . . — Map (db m10207) HM
Delaware (New Castle County), New Castle — Fort Casimir
was built by the Dutch in 1651 and recaptured by them from the Swedes, 1655. Site now lies beneath the Delaware 250 feet E.N.E. from this stone which is erected by the Delaware Society of the Colonial Dames of America, 1905, to commemorate the . . . — Map (db m57130) HM
Delaware (New Castle County), New Castle — NC-23 — Site of Fort Casimir
One hundred feet to the East of this point is the site of Fort Casimir. Erected by Dutch in 1651. Taken by Swedes 1654, called Fort Trafaldigheets or Trinity, retaken by Dutch under Petrus Stuyvesant in person September 11, 1655. — Map (db m25530) HM
Delaware (New Castle County), Wilmington — Fort Christina National Historic Landmark
Managed by the Delaware Division of Historical & Cultural Affairs

(302)736-7400 — Map (db m92274) HM

Delaware (Sussex County), Lewes — German Submarine at Cape HenlopenThe Surrender of U-858
On May 14, 1945, the officers and crew of the German submarine, U-858 gave themselves up to U.S. Marines after hearing of Germany's surrender to Allied troops. They and their vessel were escorted here to the Fort Miles Army dock. Crew members were . . . — Map (db m39382) HM
Delaware (Sussex County), Lewes — S-31 — Lewes
Under orders from Peter Stuyvesant, the Dutch erected Fort at Hoorn Kil (Lewes Creek) 1659 but were soon dispossessed by Marylanders. Here was also a communistic settlement established in 1662 by Mennonites from Holland under Peter Cornelius . . . — Map (db m19404) HM
Delaware (Sussex County), Lewes — The U.S. Navy at Cape HenlopenA Century of Service
The United States Navy's ties to Cape Henlopen spanned nearly 100 years. The Navy first came to the Cape in 1898 to build a signal tower during the Spanish American War. In the 20th century, the Navy kept a communications station he, beginning with . . . — Map (db m79201) HM
Delaware (Sussex County), Lewes — The War of 1812Lewes Maritime History Trail
During the War of 1812, British vessels blockaded the mouth of Delaware Bay in an effort to disrupt shipping patterns and supply lines and cause economic hardship in the Mid-Atlantic. But when crews attempted to land at Lewes to replenish . . . — Map (db m38598) HM

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