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Forts, Castles Markers
2443 markers matched your search criteria. The first 250 markers are listed. Next 2193
Austria, Tyrol, Innsbruck — "Ottoburg" Castle“Ottoburg”
Spätgotischer Wohnturm, seit 1476 urkundlich nachweisbar. Der spätere Kaiser Maximilian I. verlieh den “Turn” 1497 an den Fürsten Rudolf von Anhalt, nach dessen Tod (1515) nur noch bürgerliche Besitzer folgten. Vielleicht deshalb wurde das Haus seit 1565/68 “Eepurg”, “öd Burg” (= leere Burg) und 1628 “Öttburg” genannt. Von dieser Namensform ausgehend entstand am Ende des “aufgeklärten” 18. Jahrhunderts die Assoziation zu Herzog Otto . . . — Map (db m68147) HM
Austria, Tyrol, Innsbruck — The Old Town Armory/BarracksAlte Stadtburg
Gleichzeitig mit der Anlage der Innsbucker Altstadt um 1180/1204 als Stadtburg der Grafen von Andechs, Herzoge von Meranien errichtet und vom 15. bis 18. Jh. als “inneres” oder Stadt – Zeughaus bzw. ab 1780 als Kaserne verwendet, musste der Altbau um 1851/54 weitgehend dem bestehenden Kasernen-Neubau weichen, welcher seit 1986/88 als Verwaltungsgebäude etc. adaptiert worden ist. German-English translation: Simultaneous with the construction of the Innsbruck . . . — Map (db m68180) HM
Austria, Tyrol, Innsbruck — The Pecking- or Women’s GateDas Picken- oder Frauentor
Das Picken- oder Frauentor Errichtet um 1340 – Abgetragen 1779 Der Stadt Innsbruck gewidmet vom Innsbrucker Verschönerungsverein German-English translation: The Pecking- or Women’s Gate Built in 1340 – Demolished in 1779 Dedicated to the City of Innsbruck by the Innsbruck Beautification Society — Map (db m68181) HM
Austria, Tyrol, Innsbruck — The Tower of the Coat of ArmsWappenturm
1490 im Auftrage des Kaisers Maximilian I, erbaut und vom Hofmaler Jörg Kölderer mit den Wappen der Habsburgischen Länder geschmückt. 1766 in die neue Hofburg eingebaut. Der Stadt Innsbruck gewidmet vom Innsbrucker Verschönerungsverein. German-English translation: Built in 1490 by order of the Emperor Maximilian I and decorated by the court painter Jörg Kölderer with the heraldry of Habsburg countries. In 1766 it was incorporated into the new Imperial Palace. Dedicated to . . . — Map (db m68135) HM
Brazil, Rio de Janeiro — APA das Pontas de Copacabana e ArpoadorEnvironmental Protection Area of Copacabana and Arpoador Promontories
[The text on the right of the marker is in English]: The Environmental Protection Area (APA) of Copacabana and Arpoador Promontories was created by Municipal Law No. 2.087/94 to protect its rocky coast and native plant life species. The APA has the Copacabana Fort and the “Girl from Ipanema” Park as its limits. The Copacabana Fort had its construction finished in 1914 with a mission to protect Rio de Janeiro’s coast. Today the fort shelters . . . — Map (db m25894) HM
British Columbia (Capital Regional District), Colwood — Hatley Park
This superb example of an Edwardian park was laid out for James and Laura Dunsmuir in the early 20th century. At its centre stands a Tudor Revival mansion, whose picturesque design is enhanced by a rich array of decoration and fine craftsmanship. The grounds, featuring a variety of native and exotic vegetation, unfold from formal gardens to recreational spaces, farmlands and forests. Acquired by the Canadian armed forces in 1940, Hatley Park evolved to meet the needs of Royal Roads Military . . . — Map (db m72870) HM
British Columbia (Capital Regional District), Colwood — Victoria-Esquimalt FortificationsLes Fortifications de Victoria-Esquimalt
From 1878 to 1956 coast artillery installations protected the city of Victoria and the naval base at Esquimalt. Temporary batteries were constructed in response to the Anglo-Russian crisis of 1878, and in the 1890s Canada negotiated with Great Britain for the building of a series of permanent defences to be manned by British troops. Canada took control of these fortifications in 1906 and, by the end of the Second World War, they had been rebuilt and greatly expanded. They were declared obsolete . . . — Map (db m72872) HM
British Columbia (Capital Regional District), Victoria — 90 mm Anti-Aircraft GunCanon Antiaérien de 90 mm
During the 1950s this type of anti-aircraft gun was part of the Victoria-Esquimalt defences, although it was not used here at Fort Rodd Hill. This American-made weapon had begun to replace the British-designed 3.7-inch gun as the Canadian Army’s heavy AA defence after the Second World War. It had a maximum vertical range of 30,000 feet and fired 22 rounds a minute. ——————————————— . . . — Map (db m75031) HM
British Columbia (Capital Regional District), Victoria — Coast Defence Artillery Positions: 1878-1956Positions de l’artillerie côtière: 1878-1956
The harbours at Victoria and Esquimalt, and the adjacent coastline were defended by temporary gun emplacements from 1878. International crises during the latter part of the century led to an agreement between the Canadian and British governments to improve and expand these defences with permanent fortifications and modern guns. Fort Rodd Hill was one part of this new development and continued in service until 1956. ———————— À partir . . . — Map (db m75210) HM
British Columbia (Capital Regional District), Victoria — Finlayson Point
Named after Roderick Finlayson Chief – Factor Hudson’s Bay Company at Victoria 1844 – 1872. Before the arrival of white men this was the sit of an ancient fortified Indian Village. A battery of two 64 pound wrought iron rifled guns stood here 1878 – 1892 for protection against and expected Russian invasion. — Map (db m49244) HM
British Columbia (Capital Regional District), Victoria — Fort Victoria
The mooring rings on the rocks below are the only surviving fragment of Fort Victoria built by the Hudson’s Bay Company in 1843. From 1846, when the Oregon boundary was drawn at the 49th parallel, this post served as grand depot and headquarters of the Company’s Pacific fur trade. Ships moored here to unload supplies for an extensive network of forts and to take on natural products for export, principally to Alaska, California and Hawaii. In 1849 the first Legislative Assembly of the Colony of . . . — Map (db m9195) HM
British Columbia (Capital Regional District), Victoria — Fort VictoriaFounded 1843
The pavement design near this marks the location of the bastion that stood at the northeast corner of Fort Victoria. From here the stockade ran southward past the gateway at Fort Street, and westward toward the harbour. Each brick within the bastion design bears the name of a Hudson’s Bay Company employee or later resident of the area. Bricks around the outer rim of the octagon carry the names of some of the Indians who signed treaties giving the Hudson’s Bay Company ownership of the Fort . . . — Map (db m48509) HM
British Columbia (Capital Regional District), Victoria — Fort Victoria
The pavement design near this plaque marks the location of the east gate of Fort Victoria, built in 1843. From here the wooden stockade stretched northward to the bastion and southward toward what is now Broughton Street. The plaques in the pavement are copied from the official seal of the City of Victoria (1862) and the Crown Colony of the Island of Vancouver and Its Dependencies (1849). The names of early city officials and of colonial legislators surround the respective plaques. The strip . . . — Map (db m48520) HM
British Columbia (Capital Regional District), Victoria — Fort Victoria
Founded by the Hudson’s Bay Company in 1843, Fort Victoria became, after 1846, the head-quarters of the Company’s trade in British territory west of the Rocky Mountains. When the Colony of Vancouver Island was formed in 1849 Victoria was the capital, and in the fort the first Legislative Assembly met. The Gold Rush of 1858 led to the development of the City of Victoria. The early history of the city and the colony is closely intertwined with that of the fort. The last of the original buildings . . . — Map (db m48542) HM
British Columbia (Capital Regional District), Victoria — Fort Victoria
was erected by Hudson’s Bay Company 1843 Here Colony of Vancouver’s Island was inaugurated by Richard Blanshard 1850 Vancouver’s Island and British Columbia united 1866 Two years later Victoria became the capital of British Columbia — Map (db m48547) HM
British Columbia (Capital Regional District), Victoria — The Bastion
This tablet marks the site of the bastion which stood at the north east corner of Fort Victoria. The fort was erected by the Hudson’s Bay Company in 1843. Erected by Miller, Court & Co. Ltd. For the British Columbia Historical Assn. A.D. 1928 — Map (db m48511) HM
British Columbia (Capital Regional District), Victoria — The Bastion CannonsBastion Square — Come see the history you never knew we had...
You are standing at the entrance to Bastion Square Bastion Square is a legacy of Fort Victoria whose two log towers or “Bastions” were located near here. The Hudson’s Bay Company, which remains as a store across the street, built the fort in 1843 including a surrounding log wall or “palisade”. The two bastions on opposite corners of the fort, held cannons at the top for defence [sic] and one also housed the fort’s jail. Looking closely at the sidewalk, you can see the . . . — Map (db m48519) HM
British Columbia (Capital Regional District), Victoria — The Birthplace of Victoria
We would like to take a moment to share with you the history that you are standing over, around and next to. This harbour was originally the sole domain of the Lekwungen First Nation who plied its protected waters and fished in their dugout canoes. When James Douglas arrived here in 1843, he chose it as the site for a new Hudson’s Bay Company trading post, eventually called Fort Victoria. It wooden walls stood along the rocky shore overlooking this site (behind you along Wharf Street).

At . . . — Map (db m48749) HM

British Columbia (Capital Regional District), Victoria — The Guardhouse / Corps de garde
This structure was designed to accommodate the guard when the battery was fully manned. Consisting of three or four soldiers commanded by a non-commissioned officer, the guard provided sentries to control the gate and patrol the battery perimeter. There was a small kitchen, a living room and a bedroom that could also be used to hold short-term prisoners. The bedroom extended beyond the defensible wall and served as a concrete blockhouse. Loopholes in the bedroom permitted soldiers . . . — Map (db m75775) HM
British Columbia (Capital Regional District), Victoria — The Signing Post
You are standing in Bastion Square. The Hudson’s Bay Company, whose legacy continues at the store on Government Street, established Fort Victoria here in 1843. This area has always been an important public space. All visitors had to gain permission from a gatekeeper to enter Fort Victoria and they were required to provide letters of introduction to . . . — Map (db m49080) HM
British Columbia (Capital Regional District), Victoria — Upper Battery / Batterie supérieure
A coast artillery battery consists of one or more gun emplacements and supporting structures and equipment. Its role was defensive; to prevent attack by enemy warships through the use of artillery. The layout of Upper Battery is typical of a coast defence battery of this period: High ground and a commanding position... + a clear field of fire for the gun... + a secure magazine to safely store ammunition close to the gun... + a communication system to control gun . . . — Map (db m75248) HM
British Columbia (Capital Regional District), Victoria — Upper, Lower, Belmont BatteriesBatteries supérieure, inférieure et Belmont
These batteries were constructed at Fort Rodd Hill between 1895 and 1900, as part of the defences of Esquimalt Harbour. Upper and Lower Batteries, with their three large 6 inch guns, were designed to counter bombard enemy warships. Belmont Battery was equipped to engage fast torpedo boats, with smaller quick firing guns. ———————— Ces batteries furent construites au fort Rodd Hill entre 1895 et 1900 pour faire partie du système . . . — Map (db m75216) HM
British Columbia (Capital Regional District), Victoria — Vancouver Island Wallmap Mural
[Three 'markers' a part of this mural. They are entitled: Pemberton Family, Vancouver Island, and Fort Victoria.]

Pemberton Family J.D. Pemberton, engineer and surveyor for the H.B.C., arrived in 1851 by canoe in the last stages of his journey from England when this settlement numbered about 300. He built the first schoolhouse, was the first settler to cross the Island, and was the first Surveyor General of the colonies of Vancouver Island and British Columbia. As population swelled . . . — Map (db m48543) HM

British Columbia (Cariboo Regional District), Fort St. James — Fort St. James
English: Simon Fraser and John Stuart established Fort St. James among the Carrier Indians in 1806. Originally a North West Company post, it passed to the Hudson’s Bay Company in 1821. From the beginning an important centre of trade and cooperation with the Indians, it became, under the Hudson’s Bay Company, the chief trading post in north-central British Columbia and the administrative centre of the large and prosperous district of New Caledonia. Throughout its history Fort St. . . . — Map (db m42736) HM
British Columbia (National Capital Region), Victoria — Gun Emplacement / Emplacement du canon
One 6-inch gun on a disappearing carriage was mounted in this emplacement. The wall and sunken emplacement helped to conceal and protect the gun and crew from enemy bombardment. The concrete apron and earth glacis extending away from the top of the wall was designed to deflect incoming shells. Cet emplacement comprenait un canon de 6 pouces monté sur un affût à éclipse. Le mur et la fosse aidaient à dissimuler le canon et servaients à les protéger contre les bombardements ennemis. Le . . . — Map (db m76336) HM
New Brunswick (Charlotte County), St. Andrews — Blockhouse 101Introduction aux blockhaus
English on left What kind of house? A blockhouse is a modest fortified building with a distinctive overhanging upper level. In 18th- and 19th-century North America, both Britain and the United States built many blockhouses for defence purposes. They were usually constructed of local material such as wood and could be put up relatively quickly and cheaply. This blockhouse is one of three built in St. Andrews to defend the batteries of guns that protected the harbour and river, . . . — Map (db m77366) HM
New Brunswick (Charlotte County), St. Andrews — St. Andrews BlockhouseLe Blockhaus de St. Andrews — (West Point Blockhouse)
This marker consists of two side-by-side plaques, one in English and the other in French. English: The West Point Blockhouse and a battery were erected by the townspeople of St. Andrews at the outbreak of the War of 1812-14 in anticipation of a seaborne attack from the United States. Along with other defensive positions they were manned by local militia and British regulars throughout the War. Later the Blockhouse served as a barracks and as a storehouse. It is one of the few examples . . . — Map (db m77240) HM
New Brunswick (Charlotte County), St. Andrews — Two hundred years and countingJeune de deux cents ans
English on left Against the odds Many blockhouses were built in North America, but few have survived. Why is this one still here? Throughout the 19th century the St. Andrews Blockhouse was used for storage and occasionally as a barracks by the militia. In the 1860s, during a brief period of tension with the United States, it again became an important component of civic defenses, but its military role declined soon after. Part of who we are By the late 1800s, St. . . . — Map (db m77241) HM
New Brunswick (Charlotte County), St. Andrews — War of 1812: Defending St. AndrewsGuerre de 1812: La defense de St. Andrews
English on left No hard feelings Have a look across the St. Croix River to the land on the other side of Navy Island; that’s the United States you can see! When the War of 1812 broke out, the citizen of St. Andrews had little to fear from their neighbors in Maine. Not everyone in New England was in favor of the war: trade with Atlantic Canada was brisk and around here the main threat to security was from privateering, not invasion. Despite the conflict, resolutions were passed . . . — Map (db m77363) HM
New Brunswick (Charlotte County), St. Andrews — Wartime legaciesL’heritage de la guerre
English on left St. Andrews’ citizens step up In 1812, St. Andrews was a young town, founded not long before by Loyalists from New England fleeing the American Revolution. A modest fortification - Fort Tipperary - had been built in 1808 above the town. Citizens were concerned that the fort did not provide enough protection for the harbour and river from privateering raids. The town quickly built three batteries, which military engineers believed ineffective - and indeed possibly . . . — Map (db m77362) HM
New Brunswick (Charlotte County), St. Andrews — Welcome, Enjoy your visit!Bienvenue, Bonne visite!
English on left Welcome to St. Andrews Blockhouse National Historic Site, part of Parks Canada’s diverse and ever-growing system of national park, national historic sites and national marine conservation area. Wartime building spree The War of 1812 was fought between Great Britain and the United States from 1812 to 1815, mostly on battlefields in present-day Ontario, Quebec, and several American states. In Atlantic Canada, the war brought about increased economic prosperity . . . — Map (db m77361) HM
New Brunswick (Saint John County), Saint John — Fort HoweMajor Gilfrid Studholme — Indian Treaty of 1778/Le Traité Indien de 1778
Three markers are mounted on this monument Fort Howe English Late in 1777 Major Gilfred Studholme hurriedly fortified this ridge overlooking the mouth of the Saint John River. Throughout the remainder of the American Revolutionary War the presence of Fort Howe, its guns and garrison, guarded the settlement at the river’s mount from attack by American Privateers, a minority of disaffected settlers, and the local Indians with whom a treaty was made here in 1778. Allowed . . . — Map (db m77537) HM
Newfoundland and Labrador (Division No. 1 (Avalon Peninsula)), Blackhead — World War II BatteryBatterie del a IIième Guerre mondaile — Fort Cape Spear / Le fort du cap Spear
English In 1940, the American and Canadian Joint Board of Defence decided to protect the approaches to St. John’s harbour by installing heavy artillery at Cape Spear. Gun emplacements, magazines, and shelters were constructed by 1941 as well as barracks, messhalls, canteens, and administration buildings. “A” troop of the 103rd Coast Defence Battery of Royal Canadian Artillery was stationed at Fort Cape Spear and a small detachment of Americans manned the anti-aircraft . . . — Map (db m79463) HM
Newfoundland and Labrador (Division No. 1 (Avalon Peninsula)), Placentia — (Fort Royal)Outer Defences / Défenses avancées
English Gaillardin Redoubt Built originally of logs and subsequently of drywall masonry, this small enclosure surrounded by a breastwork was intended to keep an enemy from taking possession of Gaillardia Mountain, which overlooked Fort Louis and the town. Embrasures in the walls enabled soldiers to fire at attacking enemy. In 1799, it boasted an armament of six cannons. Breastwork The low stone walls surrounding Fort Royal are called breastworks. Built as an outer . . . — Map (db m78970) HM
Newfoundland and Labrador (Division No. 1 (Avalon Peninsula)), Placentia — Castle Hill
English In 1693 the French began construction of Fort Royal to guard the harbour at Placentia. When it was completed in 1703, several batteries and outworks supported the main fortifications. The defences, however, were precariously maintained throughout the French régime. Never captured, Castle Hill was ceded to Great Britain by the Treaty of Utrecht in 1713 and subsequently neglected in favor of other defences. The fort has fallen into ruins by the beginning of the 19th century. . . . — Map (db m78917) HM
Newfoundland and Labrador (Division No. 1 (Avalon Peninsula)), Placentia — Castle Hill
English Welcome to Castle Hill National Historic Site of Canada By 1600, France and England dominated the European migratory fisheries to Newfoundland. Small-scale English settlements began in 1610, and in 1662 France established the royal colony of Plaisance to secure its fisheries and check English expansion along the south coast. Plaisance, 1662-1713 For the first three decades of the colony’s existence, its defences received little attention. War between . . . — Map (db m78919) HM
Newfoundland and Labrador (Division No. 1 (Avalon Peninsula)), Placentia — Fort Frederick
A fort consisting of a semi-circular redoubt mounting twelve guns, a guard house, barracks and storehouse surrounded by a palisade was erected on this site in 1721 and was named after H.R.H. Prince Frederick, then Prince of Wales. Although the military head quarters of Newfoundland from 1721 until 1746, the fort was poorly maintained from the beginning and by 1744 the redoubt had to be strength(en)ed by a timber and sod-work facing and the number of guns reduced to eight, bastions were then . . . — Map (db m78918) HM
Newfoundland and Labrador (Division No. 1 (Avalon Peninsula)), Placentia — Fort Royal (Plaisance)le fort Royal
English Built in the Vauban style, Fort Royal was designed to protect against attackers with siege artillery and muskets. It contains three demi-bastions and one full bastion. The overlapping faces of the demi-bastions form a flank that eliminated places close to the walls where an attacker could hide from musket fire. The full bastion has two flanks. This provided additional protection along the fort’s most vulnerable face (the one containing the gate). A ditch was dug in front of . . . — Map (db m78935) HM
Newfoundland and Labrador (Division No. 1 (Avalon Peninsula)), Placentia — Port Royal and Castle GravesPort Royal et Castle Graves
English Fort Royal, 1709 Following an English naval attack on Plaisance in 1692 the French decided to erect a hilltop fortification to defend the town’s seaward approach. Fort Royal was begun the next year and completed around 1703. At 100 metres above sea level, Fort Royal was too high to be hit by ship-mounted cannon, yet it could rain “plunging fire” down upon ships attempting to attack the town or Fort Louis. Within the walls of Fort Royal the French had a guard . . . — Map (db m79009) HM
Newfoundland and Labrador (Division No. 1 (Avalon Peninsula)), St. John's — Fever HospitalL’hôpital des maladies contagieuses
English Two adjoining barracks were constructed on this site between 1837 and 1840. The two story complex stretched the length of the present parking lot. It was converted to stores in 1842 because of problems with smoke, cold and dampness. From 1846 to 1859, part of the building was used as a prison. After 1870 it was used as a quarantine hospital and it became an important centre for the treatment of diphtheria, smallpox and tuberculosis following the destruction of St. George’s . . . — Map (db m78936) HM
Nova Scotia (Annapolis County), Annapolis Royal — CemeteriesLes Cimetières
English Two cemeteries are located in this burial ground: the earlier Acadian parish cemetery and the later Church of England cemetery. The wooden markers once placed on most of the graves have long since decayed. The gravestones that remain represent only a small portion of the burials here. Starting in the middle 1600s, the Roman Catholic parish of St. Jean Baptiste located its cemetery in this area. Acadians from the Port-Royal area, French soldiers and administrators along with . . . — Map (db m78605) HM
Nova Scotia (Annapolis County), Annapolis Royal — Charles Fort / Le fort CharlesCharles de Menou d’Aulnay — (ca. 1604-1650) / (v.1604-1650)
Two markers are located on these monument. Charles Fort / Le fort Charles English A group of about 70 Scottish settlers began a colony here in 1629, eight years after King James I granted ‘Nova Scotia’ to Sir William Alexander. Led by Alexander’s son, the Scots built a small fort, the remains of which lie beneath Fort Anne. Despite many deaths during the first winter, the surviving colonists thrived on agriculture, fishing, and trade with the Mi’kmaq. Most returned to . . . — Map (db m78486) HM
Nova Scotia (Annapolis County), Annapolis Royal — Duvivier AttackL’attaque de Duvivier
English In September 1744, French soldiers and Aboriginal warriors attacked this fort. The took advantage of the overcast and rainy weather to attack at night under cover of darkness, sometimes managing to slip onto the outer works of the fort. Night after night of harassment left the British fatigued, distracted and dispirited. The French commander, Captain Francois Du Pont Duvivier , would likely have taken the fort had his promised support arrived before the British reinforcements . . . — Map (db m78606) HM
Nova Scotia (Annapolis County), Annapolis Royal — Fort Anne, a Bastioned FortLe Fort Anne, fort à bastions
English Forts like this are called bastioned forts after one other principal pars - the bastion. The fort’s shape creates areas of crossfire which allow the land surrounding the fort to be moere easily defended. From the late 1600s to the 1800s, this type of fort was constructed at hundreds of locations throughout Europe and North America. French Les forts de ce type s’appellent des forts à bastions. Cet élément essentiel de leur conception, le bastion, permet de créer . . . — Map (db m78598) HM
Nova Scotia (Annapolis County), Annapolis Royal — The Black HoleLe cachot
English The French built this powder magazine into the earthworks of their new fort in 1702. Both the French and the British used it to store gunpowder. In the early 1800s, it was used briefly as a prison or “Black Hole.” In the 1890s, local citizens who were concerned about the dilapidated state of Fort Anne won a grant from the Government of Canada to restore this magazine. French En 1702, les Français construisent cette poudrière dans les remblais du . . . — Map (db m78601) HM
Nova Scotia (Annapolis County), Annapolis Royal — The Flag BastionLe bastion de l’étendard
English You are standing on the west bastion which, in the 1700s, was the principal bastion. This being the closest bastion to the river, a flag was flown here to show approaching vessels who controlled the stronghold. Important ceremonies took place here. In 1726, the British Crown and chiefs of the Mi’kmaw, Maliseet and Abenaki nations ratified a treaty during a trilingual ceremony. Also in 1726, some Acadians of the Annapolis Royal area swore a conditional oath of allegiance to . . . — Map (db m78603) HM
Nova Scotia (Halifax Regional Municipality), Halifax — Duke of York's Martello TowerYork Redoubt
[English Text only shown] The Duke of York's Martello Tower was one of many small towers built for coastal defence throughout the British Empire. They were usually round, with stone walls too thick to be penetrated by cannon balls. This tower protected the seaward battery from attack by land. The tower was built in 1798 by Prince Edward, fourth son of King George III, while he was the military commander at Halifax. It was named for Edward's brother, the Duke of York. What happened to . . . — Map (db m44629) HM
Nova Scotia (Halifax Regional Municipality), Halifax — Fort Needham Memorial Parkand the Halifax Explosion
This marker is composted exclusively pictures and their captions. There is a left side and a right side to the marker. Captions are presented left to right, then top to bottom. Click on the marker image to enlarge it. Left side • This view from Fort Needham was drawn and engraved by Lieutenant Colonel Edward Hick, a British officier stationed in Halifax with the 70th Regiment of Foot from 1778 to 1782. The fort consisted of wooden buildings, for the defence of the . . . — Map (db m77955) HM
Nova Scotia (Halifax Regional Municipality), Halifax — Georges IslandL’Île-Georges
English The Island was first fortified when the British founded Halifax in 1749. During the period of the Acadian Deportation, 1755 to 1762, the island was sometimes a detention camp for Acadians prior to being shipped to other British colonies. During the 19th century Halifax became a major British naval base and Georges Island one of an inter-connected system of harbour defences. As military technology changed, the defences of Georges Island were updated. The island remained an . . . — Map (db m77619) HM
Nova Scotia (Halifax Regional Municipality), Halifax — Halifax CitadelLa Citadelle d’Halifax
English Built to defend against a land-based attack, the Halifax Citadel was the fourth in a series of forts to occupy this hill, The star-shaped fortress, completed in 1856, was the centerpiece of the extensive system of fortifications constructed by the British military from 1749 to protect this strategic port, which by the mid-19th century had become one of four principal naval stations in the British Empire. Garrisoned by the British until the Canadian military assumed control of . . . — Map (db m78258) HM
Nova Scotia (Halifax Regional Municipality), Halifax — The View from the Citadel / Le panorama vu de la citadelleThe Halifax Explosion / L’explosion d’Halifax — The Convoys / Les Convois
This marker is composed of five plaques on the same mounting. The marker stands on north wall of the Citadel overlooking Halifax Harbor. The markers are presented left to right. The Halifax Explosion / L’explosion d’Halifax English From where you are standing, you can see Ground Zero for the Halifax Explosion, the largest man-made explosion prior to the first atomic bomb. On December 6, 1917, as the First World War raged around the globe, the Norwegian relief . . . — Map (db m78257) HM
Nova Scotia (Halifax Regional Municipality), Halifax — York Redoubt
[English text] York Redoubt was the heart of the defences protecting the outer harbour approaches to Halifax. Begun in 1793, it was enlarged by the Duke of Kent who constructed a Martello tower here in 1798. The redoubt became an essential link in the communications system protecting the city against surprise attack. Its strategic importance was such that it was rebuilt in the 1860s and 1880s to mount more powerful guns. In the twentieth century York Redoubt became the tactical command . . . — Map (db m44479) HM
Nova Scotia (Lunenburg County), Lunenburg — Defence of LunenburgLa défense de Lunenburg
English When the British settlement at Lunenburg was established in 1753, the Town plot was enclosed by pickets surrounding the east, north and west ends of the Town. The west end was fortified by four blockhouses placed at strategic intervals between the Front Harbour and the Back Harbour, and another on the east end on Blockhouse Hill. Each of these blockhouses formed a central “keep” of small heavily stockaded fortifications which were built to protect the new community . . . — Map (db m78328) HM
Nova Scotia (Richmond County), St. Peter's — One Place, Four NamesQuatre noms pour un même endroit
English St. Peter’s is one of Nova Scotia’s oldest settlements. The Portuguese were likely here in the 1500s, calling it San Pedro. In 1650, the French established a post nearby under the name of Saint-Pierre, where they traded with the Mi’kmaq and fished for nearly twenty years. The French returned to this harbor during the Louisbourg era (1713-1758), renaming the area Port Toulouse. Throughout most of that period there was a small garrison of soldiers and modest fortifications. . . . — Map (db m78728) HM
Ontario, Hamilton — Burlington Heights 1813 - 1814
[English Text]: Here in June, 1813, General John Vincent assembled troops that made the successful night attack on the invaders at Stoney Creek. From this point of vantage, in December, 1813, the force which retook Fort George and carried Fort Niagara by assault, began its march. On these heights stood the strong point of reserve and depot of arms for the defence of the Niagara Peninsula and support of the navy on Lake Ontario. [French Text]: Ici, en juin 1813, le . . . — Map (db m56725) HM
Ontario, Hamilton — Defensive Outwork
About this spot was an outwork of the first line of defense 1812 - 1815 Map (db m56758) HM
Ontario, Hamilton — First Line of Defense
This Stone Marks The Line of Earthworks In First Line of Defense 1812 - 1815 Map (db m56740) HM
Ontario, Hamilton — March to Stoney Creek
These ramparts were erected by the British troops during the War of 1812-15. From this place on the night of June 5th 1813, 700 men under the command of Lieut. Colonel Harvey, marched to Stoney Creek where they surprised and routed an American force of 3750 men ridding the Niagara Peninsula of the invaders. — Map (db m56756) HM
Ontario (Chatham-Kent), Chatham — Chatham Armoury100th Anniversary — 1905-2005
chatham Armoury The Chatham Armoury was constructed in 1905 as a result of reform and expansion of the volunteer militia. The first unit to occupy the Armoury was the 24th Kent Regiment that was formed in 1901. It was the centre for local recruitment and training for the 186th Kent Overseas Battalion, CE.F. during the First World War, 1914-1918. In 1920 the Armoury became the home of the renamed Kent Regiment and, in 1936, the Kent Regiment, Machine Gun. During the Second . . . — Map (db m71382) HM
Ontario (Chatham-Kent), Chatham — Chatham Blockhouse— 1794 —
On this site a blockhouse was constructed in 1794 by order of Lieutenant-Governor John Graves Simcoe. He planned to establish here a small naval arsenal which would form a link in the defences of Upper Canada's western frontier and also draw the Indian trade from Detroit. The post was garrisoned by a detachment of the Queen's Rangers, and two gunboats were built; but by 1797 it was abandoned. In 1798 the province's Administrator, Peter Russell, had the blockhouse moved to Sandwich to serve as the Western District's court-house and gaol. — Map (db m71313) HM
Ontario (Essex County), Amherstburg — Boblo Island
Boblo Island For many centuries the island you see in front of you was used for hunting and fishing by First Nations people. Called Île aux Bois Blancs by the French, Boblo Island's key location made it a site for blockhouses during the War of 1812 and the Upper Canada Rebellion. In 1837 a lighthouse was erected on the southern end; about sixty years later the island became the site of a popular amusement park that lasted for nearly a century. The Detroit . . . — Map (db m71185) HM
Ontario (Essex County), Amherstburg — Brick Officers' Guard Room
Brick Officers' Guard Room and Staff Sergeant's Quarters (1839) Poste de garde des officiers en briques et quartiers du sergent de l'etat-major (1839) — Map (db m71220) HM
Ontario (Essex County), Amherstburg — Connection to Town
Connection to Town Fort Malden (originally called Fort Amherstburg) was the anchor of the town, which grew to the south. In this view, you are looking past the parade grounds of the fort (now a park) down Dalhousie Street towards the location of the naval dockyard. Over the years, much of the economic activity of the town of Amherstburg was generated by the need to feed, supply and amuse several hundred soldiers and their families. Entries from an 1810 account . . . — Map (db m71192) HM
Ontario (Essex County), Amherstburg — Fort Amherstburg (Fort Malden)
The post was begun by the Royal Canadian Volunteers in 1796 to replace Detroit and to maintain British influence among the western Indians. As the principal defense of the Detroit frontier in 1812, it was here that Isaac Brock gathered his forces for the attack on Detroit. The next year with supply lines cut and control of Lake Erie lost to the Americans, the British could not hold the fort, which they evacuated and burned. Partially rebuilt by the invading Americans, it was returned on 1 July . . . — Map (db m34353) HM
Ontario (Essex County), Amherstburg — Fort Defences
Fort Defences In front of you is a recreated piece of the fort's palisade, a vertical wall of sharpened logs. This wall surrounded the fort, linking the four diamond-shaped corner projections, called bastions. Around each bastion, the palisade ran in the bottom of a ditch that served as an additional defence against attacking soldiers. The diamond shape of the bastions allowed cannons to fire on soldiers approaching adjacent areas of the palisade. This . . . — Map (db m71173) HM
Ontario (Essex County), Amherstburg — Fort Malden Points of Interest
Fort Malden Points of Interest • Fort Malden Points d'intérêt (1) Visitor Centre 1939 Centre d'accueil 1939 (2) Military Pensioner's Cottage circa 1851 (Restoration) Maison des pensionnés militaires vers 1851 (bâtiment restauré) (3)Earthworks 1813 & 1838-1840 (Remnants) Remblais 1813 et 1838-1840 (vestiges) (4) Brick Guardhouse circa 1821 . . . — Map (db m71278) HM
Ontario (Essex County), Amherstburg — Pensioner's Cottage
Pensioner's Cottage This cottage was built in the early 1850s for a retired soldier and his family. About 85 of these homes were constructed just east of the Fort, and leased at a modest rate to veteran soldiers in return for light military duties. This one, belonging to Charles O'Connor, was moved here from its original location about 500 metres away. For a growing family this cottage would have been very cramped, since it has only two rooms … a combined kitchen/sitting . . . — Map (db m71167) HM
Ontario (Essex County), Amherstburg — Privy
Privy The foundations in front of you are from a communal privy (toilet) for enlisted men and their families that stood here in 1840. The women and children had a small room - the soldiers made do with an open structure offering no privacy (in contrast to the nearby officers' facility). In 1841 the British relocated the privy to another location, outside the fort's walls. In its place, they constructed a fenced urinal. In 1848, the sanitary facilities were improved, and the . . . — Map (db m71221) HM
Ontario (Essex County), Amherstburg — Strategic Location
Strategic Location A deepwater channel between here and Boblo Island brings ships close to shore, a fact dramatically illustrated when a north-bound lake freighter passes by. This was why Fort Amerstburg was originally located here - cannon on its walls would have no difficulty in hitting any ship sailing up or down the channel, allowing the fort to control this key waterway. Two hundred years ago, all shipping had to pass within cannon shot of this fort. Today, . . . — Map (db m71191) HM
Ontario (Essex County), Amherstburg — The Commissariat Office
The office for the Commissariat Department was built in 1831 near the government wharf and storehouse. Commissary officials purchased from local contractors the flour, beef, straw and firewood used by troops. They also managed Fort Malden's finances, including the soldiers' pay which was issued daily from this office. — Map (db m37356) HM
Ontario (Essex County), Amherstburg — The Site Over Time
The Site Over Time Today the site looks very different than it would have 170 years ago, when Fort Malden was at its height. Almost all the buildings from that period have been lost, and most of the ditch and wall that encircled the fort is gone. The large building in front of you (the museum) was built after the fort ceased to be a military post, and private homes still occupy part of the site. If you had visited the site a hundred years ago, it would have . . . — Map (db m71174) HM
Ontario (Frontenac County), Kingston — Fort Henry
The first Fort Henry was built during the War of 1812 to protect the British dockyards in Navy Bay. The present limestone citadel, constructed between 1832 and 1837, replaced the old fort as part of a larger plan for the defence of the recently completed Rideau Canal. Commissariat stores were built to join the advanced battery with the main fort in 1841-42. Fort Henry was garrisoned by British troops until 1871, when Canadian Gunnery Schools (forerunner of the Royal Canadian Artillery) took . . . — Map (db m39364) HM
Ontario (Frontenac County), Kingston — Louis de Buade Comte de Frontenac et de Palluau1622-1698
One of the most influential and controversial figures in Canadian history, Frontenac was born at St-Germain-en-Laye, France. As a member of the noblesse d'epee he was able in 1672 to secure the appointment as Governor-General of New France. Devoted largely because of self-interest to promoting the colony's territorial expansion, Frontenac established a series of fortified fur-trading posts extending into the interior of North America, the first of which, Fort Frontenac, was constructed near . . . — Map (db m39978) HM
Ontario (Frontenac County), Kingston — The Market Battery
Stood on this site from 1848 to 1875. With Shoal Tower opposite it defended Kingston Harbour and the Rideau Canal. From 1875 this was a public park. In 1885 the Kingston and Pembroke railway station was built. — Map (db m39979) HM
Ontario (Middlesex County), London — The British Garrison in London
In one of several concentrations of British troops in Upper Canada various infantry and artillery units were stationed on a military reserve here during the mid-19th century. The garrison, which contributed significantly to the economic growth of London, was first established in 1839 to guard against border raids following the Rebellion of 1837. Although its troops were withdrawn in 1853 to serve in the Crimean War and military duties were assumed by pensioners, it was re-occupied by British . . . — Map (db m18918) HM
Ontario (Niagara Region), Chippawa — Fort Chippawa 1791
The fortifications which stood on this site were built in 1791 to protect the southern terminus of the Niagara portage road, and serve as a forwarding depot for government supplies. Known also as Fort Welland, the main structure consisted of a log blockhouse surrounded by a stockade. During the War of 1812 several bloody engagements were fought in this vicinity including the bitterly contested Battle of Chippawa, July 5, 1814, and possession of the fort frequently changed hands. A barracks, . . . — Map (db m49164) HM
Ontario (Niagara Region), Fort Erie — Fort Erie
Three fortifications occupied this site. The first (1764-1779) and second (c. 1783-1803), located at lower levels, were abandoned when ice and water inundated the works. The third Fort Erie, built between 1805 and 1808, was repaired in January 1814 but was captured by an invading American army in July of that same year. The Americans used it as a base for subsequent operations, retreated here after their defeat at Lundy's Lane, survived a siege by the British in August and September, and . . . — Map (db m48912) HM
Ontario (Niagara Region), Fort Erie — Fort Erie, Pro Patria Mori Cairn
[Text on the base of the Cairn]; Here are buried 150 British Officers and Men Who fell in the attack on Fort Erie On the 26th day of August, 1814, and three of the defenders, men of the United States Infantry, whose remains were discovered during the restoration of Fort Erie, 1938 & 1939 [Text on first of 2 plaques mounted on the Cairn]: In Memory of the Officers and Seamen of the Royal Navy, The Off- icers, Non commissioned Officers and . . . — Map (db m54139) HM
Ontario (Niagara Region), Niagara Falls — Thomas Baker McQuestenK.C., M.L.A. — 1882 – 1945
Thomas Baker McQuesten was born in Hespeler, Ontario June 30, 1882. In 1934 he was appointed Minister of Highways and Public Works for the Province of Ontario and Chairman of the Niagara Parks Commission. He served in both positions for ten years. During his term as chairman of the Niagara Parks Commission, he was instrumental in the building of Oakes Garden Theatre; The construction of the Niagara Parkway from Clifton Hill to the whirlpool; the Niagara Parks School of Horticulture; Mather . . . — Map (db m78489) HM
Ontario (Niagara Region), Niagara-on-the-Lake — A Fort EvolvesFort Mississauga
The Tower By 1813, the British were planning to build "a tower in small redoubt to command the entrance of the River...at Mississauga Point." Begun in the Spring of 1814, this tower rests on the remains of the first Capital of Upper Canada (today's Ontario). After the Americans burned the town of Newark in 1813, the British tore down the remaining brick walls and chimneys to provide a foundation. The tower was only two feet high in July when an American force under General . . . — Map (db m52200) HM
Ontario (Niagara Region), Niagara-on-the-Lake — A Strategic Location
A Strategic Location You are standing at Mississauga Point where the Niagara River flows into Lake Ontario. Long ago the lakes and rivers were military supply and transportation routes and forts were built to protect them. The large stone fort across the river is Fort Niagara. The French built a fort here in 1687, and the present one was begun in 1720. In August 1759 the British captured the fort after a lengthy seige. Prideaux and Johnston streets in Niagara-on-the-Lake . . . — Map (db m52610) HM
Ontario (Niagara Region), Niagara-on-the-Lake — A Strategic Site
Fort Niagara was only 1200 metres from Fort George, well within artillery range. In May, 1813, combined artillery fire from Fort Niagara, its detached batteries, and American warships at the river's mouth completely destroyed Fort George and forced the British to abandon it to the invading Americans. Only the powder magazine survived. By the end of the war, the British had re- occupied Fort George and captured Fort Niagara. — Map (db m53604) HM
Ontario (Niagara Region), Niagara-on-the-Lake — Fort GeorgeIe Fort George
Constructed by order of Lieutenant-Governor Simcoe 1796-99, Fort George served as the headquarters for Major-General Brock in 1812. In May, 1813, it was bombarded and captured by the Americans who constructed fortifications of their own on the site. These in turn were retaken by the British in December 1813. In 1815 Fort George was described as "tumbling into ruins" and ordered abandoned. The present works are a reconstruction done in 1937-40, and represents the fort as it was in 1799-1813. . . . — Map (db m48743) HM
Ontario (Niagara Region), Niagara-on-the-Lake — Fort MississaugaLe Fort Mississauga
This tower and earthwork are all that survive of the barracks, guardroom, and cells of Fort Mississauga. Built between 1814 and 1816 to replace Fort George as the counterpoise to the American Fort Niagara immediately opposite, it was garrisoned until 1826. Repaired and rearmed following the Rebellion of 1837, it continued to be maintained until 1854 in response to border disputes with the United States. It was manned during the tense years of the American Civil War and the Fenian scare of 1866, . . . — Map (db m48745) HM
Ontario (Niagara Region), Niagara-on-the-Lake — Fort Mississauga is a National Historic Sitean impotant part of Canada's story!
• Mississauga Point was the location of a Neutral First Nation fishing settlement by the 15th century. • The area was under the control of the Seneca Nation during the late 17th century, and it became home to the Mississauga Nation by the 18th century. • Fort Mississauga was begun during the War of 1812, and helped the British and Canadians defend the Niagara frontier against a powerful invading American army in 1814. • It was completed after the War, and was a part of a defense . . . — Map (db m52236) HM
Ontario (Niagara Region), Niagara-on-the-Lake — Fort Mississauga TrailSentier du fort Mississauga
Explore a part of our heritage - visit a fort almost 200 years old and discover part of the Lake Ontario shoreline. Explorez un volet de notre patrimoine - visitez un fort qui a presque 200 ans d'histoire et decouvrez une partie du rivage du lac Ontario. — Map (db m48632) HM
Ontario (Niagara Region), Niagara-on-the-Lake — Fort Niagara
Across the Niagara River is the imposing American stronghold, Fort Niagara. Originally built by the French, then occupied by the British, and finally by the Americans, this fort for nearly 150 years stood guard over the traditional supply route to the Upper Great Lakes. — Map (db m53630) HM
Ontario (Niagara Region), Niagara-on-the-Lake — Niagara National Historic Sites
Brock's Monument and Queenston Heights: This striking commemoration and final resting place of Major General Brock marks the site of the Battle of Queenston Heights. Visitors can climb the 235 stairs to take in spectacular views, or set off on a self-guided tour which covers every major scene of the historic battle Navy Hall Navy Hall survives as the last building of what was once a large military complex and key supply depot for British forts on the Upper . . . — Map (db m54037) HM
Ontario (Niagara Region), Niagara-on-the-Lake — Point Mississauga LighthouseLe Phare de Point Mississauga
The first lighthouse on the Great Lakes was built of stone at Point Mississauga in 1804 by John Symington, under orders from Lieutenant-Governor Peter Hunter. Demolished in 1814 to make room for this fort, its materials with debris from the ruined town of Niagara, were incorporated into this tower. En 1804, John Symington, sur l'ordre du lieutenant-gouverneur Peter Hunter, construisit le premier phare des Grand lacs à Point Mississauga. Ce phare, qui était en pierre, fut démoli en 1814 . . . — Map (db m48746) HM
Ontario (Niagara Region), Niagara-on-the-Lake — Six Pounder Field Gun
Field artillery was designed for mobility. Cannons mounted on carriages with large wheels could be moved quickly, even over rough terrain. This six pounder has a limber to carry ammunition and supplies and would be harnessed to a team of horses. Field guns like this were used by the Royal Artillery on battlefields around the world. After the defeat of the British forces at the Battle of Fort George, field guns manned by the Royal Artillery and the local militia were critical in delaying . . . — Map (db m54000) HM
Ontario (Niagara Region), Niagara-on-the-Lake — The Fortified Mouth of the Niagara River
The St.Lawrence and Great Lakes system was the most efficient route to the interior of the continent of North America. Large waterways allowed for substantial sailing vessels to trade and maintain contact with Native allies from Montreal to the Mississippi with minimal portages and transhipment in smaller boats. The one great obstacle along the chain of waterways was Niagara Falls whose dramatic height required some control of the land to allow for a portage around the escarpment and the falls . . . — Map (db m53624) HM
Ontario (Niagara Region), Niagara-on-the-Lake — Ubique
Everywhere Artillery was vitally important to the defense of Upper Canada. Due to a shortage of heavy cannons available in the province, there were only five garrison guns mounted inside Fort George in May of 1813. Moving large cannons weighing several tons was a challenge. The easiest way to move guns was by water. Movement by land was slow and labour intensive and could expose the men moving them to enemy fire. Bad weather and poor roads could also make the . . . — Map (db m53989) HM
Ontario (Niagara Region), Niagara-on-the-Lake — Welcome to Fort George
Built in 1796, Fort George was the scene of fierce engagements during the War of 1812. It was captured and destroyed then refortified by the Americans in 1813. It was re-taken by the British later that same year. The fort was abandoned in the 1820's, and only the original stone powder magazine survives today. Fort George was reconstructed between 1937-40. Today we invite you to pass through the fort gates and re-live this exciting era in history. — Map (db m54038) HM
Ontario (Toronto), Wexford — Welcome to the Site of The Battle of the Windmill
[ On the Right - In English ]: You are standing on a battlefield where men fought and died. This battle took place in November 1838, during the Canadian rebellions. One side fought to "liberate" Canada from British rule. The other side rallied to protect their homes or the established political order. The lighthouse in front of you is a converted windmill around which the battle was fought. Fort Wellington, a few kilometres to the west in Prescott, was a gathering . . . — Map (db m40068) HM
Quebec (Haut-Richelieu MRC), Saint-Jean — Fort Saint-Jean
L'état de guerre avec les Iroquois incita les Français à bâtir un fort à Saint-Jean en 1666. Un nouveau fort fut érigé en 1748 afin de protéger la colonie française contre les expéditions militaires britanniques qui remontaient la rivière Richelieu. En 1775, deux redoutes furent construites pour défendre contre l'invasion américaine la colonie passée aux mains des Anglais. La même année, le fort soutint un siège de 45 jours dirigé par le général américain Montgomery. A la suite du . . . — Map (db m77015) HM
Quebec (Ville-Marie Borough), Montréal — Aux origines de Montréal / The origins of Montréal
C’est ici que le sieur de Maisonneuve fonda Montréal en mai 1642. Situé au confluent du Saint-Laurent et de l’ancienne petite rivière Saint-pierre, l’endroit était bien connu des Autochtones qui s’y rassemblaient depuis des siècles, de même que sur le site de l’actuelle place Royale. Dès leur arrivée, les Français construisirent le fort Ville-Marie. Vers 1688, le gouverneur de Montréal, Louis-Hector de Calliėre, obtint une partie du terrain et y érigea sa résidence, d’où le nom de pointe . . . — Map (db m78186) HM
Czech Republic, Ústecký (Okres Litoměřice), Terezín — 3 — Garrison Church
In Czech: Posádkový Kostel Kostel Vzkřišení Páně byl postaven v letech 1805-1810. Budovu s věží vysokou 56 m projektovali Ing. Heinrich Hetzinger a Julius D’Andreis. Takřka totožný se nachází v Pevnosti Josefov u Jaroměře. In English: Garrison Church The Church of the Resurrection of the Lord was built in 1805-1810. Ing. Heinrich Hatzinger and Julius D'Andreis designed the building with its 56 m tall tower. A nearly identical church . . . — Map (db m22500) HM
Czech Republic, Ústecký (Okres Litoměřice), Terezín — 15 — The Food StoreroomProviantní Sklad
In Czech: Proviantní Sklad Budova s jedním obdélníkovým nádvořím byla postavena v letech 1786 až 1789. V objektu se skladovala mouka, cukr, sůl, a pečivo. Spolu s Kavalírem č. II zde mohly být v připadě válečného konfliktu uskladněny zásoby potravin pro 70-ti tisícove vojsko na dobu 3,5 měsíce. In English: The Food Storeroom This building, with one rectangular courtyard, was built between 1786 and 1789. Flour, sugar, . . . — Map (db m22626) HM
Estonia, Harjumaa MaakondTallinn — Toompea Loss[Toompea Castle]
Aerial photo of the castle and surroundings Text in Estonian : … Text in English: Toompea Castle is the seat of the Parliament of the Republic of Estonia – the Riigikogu The castle complex is made up of several parts: the west wall and the Tall Hermann tower belongs to the medieval fortress of the Order of the Brothers of the Sword, the Government Administration building represents the Czarist era and is classic in style, and the building of the . . . — Map (db m57027) HM
Finland, Uusimaa Region (Helsinki), Suomenlinna — KirkkopuistoKyrkparken - Church Park — [Suomenlinna Sea Fortress]
[Text in Finnish:] … [Text in Swedish:] … [Text in English:] The crownwork (1) comprises the southern flank of an ambitious plan for a public square originally drawn up by Augustin Ehrensvard. The foundation stone was laid on June 8, 1775, by King Gustav III of Sweden. On its external side, the crownwork was designed to form an imposing greystone defensive wall, but its casemates and wings were used for naval shipyard workshops, a sail-making shop, storerooms . . . — Map (db m57779) HM
France, Aquitaine (Dordogne), Beynac-et-Cazenac — Chateau Feodal de Beynac[Feudal castle of Beynac]
Forteresse du XIIe-XIIIe Siècles Baronne du Perigord La survie du patrimoine historique tient à deux facteurs: sa mise en valeur et sa restauration. Ce témoignage de notre civilisation et de notre histoire nous permet aussi de reconsitituer la passé au quotidien: c’est la tache la plus difficile à mettre en oeuvre. Elle s’avere pourtant indispensable si l’on veut que cet héritage culturel soit ressenti comme un élément de l’énvironnement naturel dans lequel nous vivons. Rien n’est plus . . . — Map (db m60408) HM
France, Aquitaine (Gironde), Saint Emilion — La Porte Brunet[The Brunet Gate] — Saint Emilion
Saint-Émilion “une de plus fortes places de la Guienne” un Moyen-Âge, fut défendue par un enceinte fortifiée edifiée de 1110 à 1224, comportant 1500 m de remparts (classés Monuments historique, le 12 julliet 1886) .Ces derniers crénelés et armés de mâchicolulis, longeaient les fossés sur un hauteur de 8 à 10 m et un épaisseur de 1,60 à 2 m. Six portes d’une épaisseur double de celle de la muraille et surmontées de larges tours, carrées permettaient d’accéder à la cité: porte . . . — Map (db m60536) HM
France, Aquitaine (Gironde), Saint Emilion — La Porte Saint Martin[The Saint Martin Gate]
Construite au XIIème siècle en même temps que les remparts extérieurs et écroulée en 1844, cette porte ouvrait sur l’ancienne commune de la Juridiction St. Martin de Mazérat, rattachée à St. Emilion en 1790. Elle tire son nom du chemin qu’elle commande et qui conduisait à l’Eglise romane de St. Martin de Mazéart.

[English translation by Google Translate, with modifications: The Saint Martin Gate Built in the twelfth century at the same time as the outer walls and collapsed in . . . — Map (db m60519) HM

France, Île-de-France (Paris), Paris — La Conciergerie
La Conciergerie tient son nom du concierge, à qui le roi confie les droits de justice sur la demeure royale et ses dépendances. Du palais capétien de Philippe le Bel subsistent de rares salles gothiques, témoins des fastes royaux du XIVe siècle. Les salles dites «revolutionaries» évoquent le régime de la Terreur avec, en partictulier, le cellule reconstituée des la reine Marie Antoinette.

(English) The Conciergerie, originally part of the former royal palace of the French kings, it takes . . . — Map (db m61578) HM

France, Languedoc-Roussillon (Bouches-du-Rhône), Arles — Tour des MourguesTower of the Nuns
Le mur d’enceinte médiéval de la cité reprend, à l’angle Sud-Est le tracé de rempart antique. La Tour des Mourgues fut d’abord une grande tour cylindrique de 6 mètres de haut qui renforçait cette partie de la ville romaine. Le mot provençal “Mourgues” signifie “nonne”. En effet au dessus de la tour se trouvait l’abbaye Saint-Césaire fondée au Vie siècle. A la fin du Moyen-Age (XIVe siècle), la structure romaine a été enveloppée par une chemise extérieure polygonale en . . . — Map (db m61526) HM
France, Languedoc-Roussillon (Hérault), Capestang — Le Château de l’archevêque[Castle of the Archbishop]
La présence d’une demeure est attestée dès le XIIe siecle. Au VIIIe l’adjonction d’une courtline avec tours d’angle et les aménagements du logis avec arcs et mâchicoulis en front une forteresse. Sa fonction résidentielle s’affirme aux XIVe et XVe : peinture murale de sa vaste salle d’apparat, spendide planfond peint... Les textes parient d’un palais. Le très riche et très puissant archevêque de Narbonne, seigneur du lieu, y effectue de frêquents sêjours avec ses baggage, se coffres, ses . . . — Map (db m60174) HM
France, Languedoc-Roussillon (Hérault), Capestang — Porte de Béziers[The Bezier Gate]
L’enceinte du XIVème siècle, ponctuée de tours de diverses formes, disposait de cinq ports dont certaines avec « tour et maison attenante ». En 1775, les portes dites de Carcassonne, de Saïsses et de Béziers sont remises en état : elles sont en bois de sapin « peint a l’huile d’une couleur brun-rouge » , chacune se compose de deux vantaux, une travers, un guichet au milieu, deux serrures de deux verrous. [Translation by Google Translate (with modifications): The Bezier Gate The rampart of . . . — Map (db m60088) HM
France, Midi-Pyrénées (Tarn), Albi — Le palais de la Berbie[Le Bishop's Palace]
Le nom du palais vient de l’occitan bisbia signifiant “évêche”, référence à sa fonction de résidence episcopale. Le bâtiment fut engé entre le XIIIe et le XIVe siècle et connut quelque modifications jusqu’au XVIIe siècle. Il forme avec la cathédrale un ensemble monumental de briques exceptionnal. Cette architecture militaire témoigne de la volonte de l’évêque d’affirmer sa puissance et son autorité en réponse à la dissidence cathare. Les nombreux contreforts hémicylindrique, les . . . — Map (db m60356) HM
Germany, Baden-Württemberg (Tübingen District), Bebenhausen — Abtsküche / Abbot's Kitchen
Anstelle der abgetragenen Krankenkapelle 1507 errichteter ebenerdiger Bau. 1885 durch Aufstockung dem Neuen Bau angepaßt und als Appartement für König Karl eingerichtet, später bis 1946 Wohnung von Königin Charlotte. 1915/17 Erdgeschoß durch Eugen Wörner zum Grünen Saal umgebaut. ———————— Instead of the ablated hospital chapel, erected in 1507 at ground level construction. 1885 adapted to the New Construction above and set up as an . . . — Map (db m77515) HM
Germany, Baden-Württemberg (Tübingen District), Bebenhausen — Gewürz- und Kräutergarten / Spice and Herb Garden
1987 in Anlehnung an klösterliche Heilkräutergärten des Mittelalters, die von den Mönchen bearbeitet wurden, mit Staudengewächsen, ein- und zweijährigen Pflanzen und Gehölzen angelegt, die in erster Linie zu Heilzwecken genutzt wurden und im 13./14. Jahrhundert bereits bekannt waren. Das Nebeneinander von Kräutern und Blumen spiegelt die Verwobenheit medizinisch-naturwissenschaftlicher, kultisch-magischer und ästhetischer Vorstellungen. Heilwert, Duft und Schönheit einer Pflanze waren . . . — Map (db m77522) HM
Germany, Baden-Württemberg (Tübingen District), Bebenhausen — Heuhaus / Hay Barn
Erbaut 1774 als Scheune und Stallung der Prälatur, später königlicher Marstall. ———————— Built in 1774 as a barn and stables of the Prelature, later royal stables. — Map (db m77514) HM
Germany, Baden-Württemberg (Tübingen District), Bebenhausen — Klosterküche / Monastery Kitchen
Mehrfach veränderter, bis ins 13. Jahrhundert zurückreichender Bau. Von der großen Herdstelle nur noch der mächtige Rauchfang erhalten. ———————— Multiple modifications, reaching back to the 13th century building, from the large hearth to the powerful chimney. — Map (db m77538) HM
Germany, Baden-Württemberg (Tübingen District), Bebenhausen — Neuer Bau / New Construction
Gäste- oder Herrenhaus zur Beherbergung hochrangiger Gäste 1532 unter Abt Johann von Fridingen erbaut (Bauinschrift) an der Stelle des alten Krankenhauses (Infirmarie, Erdgeschoß in den Neubau einbezogen). Im Untergeschoß großer Klosterkeller. 1868-70 Einrichtung von Privatgemächern für das württembergische Königspaar Karl und Olga. ———————— Guest or manor house for lodging distinguished guests built in 1532 under Abbot John of Fridingen . . . — Map (db m77513) HM
Germany, Baden-Württemberg (Tübingen District), Bebenhausen — Sommerrefektorium / Summer Refectory
Um 1335 unter Abt Konrad von Lustnau über romanischem Vorgängerbau als zweischiffiger Speisesaal der Mönche mit drei Achteckstützen und Sterngewölbe erbaut. 1410 Dachreiter auf dem Südgiebel als Glockentürmchen. Raumfassung mit Glasfenstern, Gewölbemalereien, Vertäfelung und Fliesenboden im 19. Jahrhundert in Anlehnung an vorhandene Reste erneuert. ———————— Built around 1335 under Abbot Conrad of Lustnau on a two-aisled Romanesque . . . — Map (db m77517) HM
Germany, Bavaria, Munich — "Lueg ins Land" Watchtower
Hier stand der Wachtthurm Lueg-ins Land, ob seiner Fernsicht so genannt. Erbaut vor 1374 Abgebrochen 1802. Translated, the marker reads: Here stood the watchtower "Look to the Land" so-called on account of its clear view Built before 1374 torn down in 1802. — Map (db m22539) HM
Germany, Bavaria (Kreis Kitzingen), Iphofen — Tithe TowerZentturm
Mit Pesttor, durch das einst die am "schwarzen Tod" Verstorbenen zum nahen Friedhof gekarrt wurden. Toranlage aus dem 14. Jh. für das Gräbenviertel mit dem ehemaligen Königshof. Behausung des Zentbüttels. Im 19. Jh. Armenhaus, heute im Privatbesitz. Marker text transcribed into English: Part of the Plague Gate, through which victims of the Black Death were carted to the nearby cemetery. Dating from the 14th century, this was the entryway for the town's moated quarter and district . . . — Map (db m78420) HM
Germany, Bavaria (Kreis Schweinfurt), Gerolzhofen — Owl's TowerEulenturm
Zunächst nur dreiseitig gemauerter Scbalenturm mit Bretterverschlag erbaut um 1350. Genutzt als Auslug und Kerker der benachbarten Vogtei. Der ursprüngliche Name war Feulturm (Faulturm), letztmalig 1830 als Gefängnis genutzt, dann Vereinsheim. Geschichte für alle - historischer Verein in Gerolzhofen, e.V. Dr. Ottmar Wolf – Kulturstiftung English translation: Initially, this was only three sided brick shell tower with wooden shed, built around 1350. Used as a lookout . . . — Map (db m77658) HM
Germany, Bavaria (Kreis Schweinfurt), Gerolzhofen — Prison TowerWeißer Turm
Der Auslug und Gefängnisturm (Weiße = Strafe) wurde um 1350 an der Ostseite der Stadtmauer errichtet und um 1550 um das vorkragende Obergeschoss erhöht. In 1803 wird das rund 20 Meter hohe Bauwerk letztmals als Kerker benutzt. Geschichte für alle historischer Verein in Gerolzhofen, e.V. Dr. Ottmar Wolf - Kulturstiftung Marker text translated into English: This lookout tower and prison (Weiße = punishment) was built around 1350 on the east side of the city walls, . . . — Map (db m77793) HM
Germany, Bavaria (Kreis Schweinfurt), Gerolzhofen — The Watchmen's TowerTürmersturm
Hier stand der Türmersturm als inneres Tor der nördlichen Doppel-Toranlage. Das Tor wurde 1340 erstmals erwähnt, 1511 unter Bischof Lorenz von Bibra wurde das Tor zu einem Turm erhöht. Wohnort des Gerolzhöfer Turmers. Im Februar 1878 abgebrochen. Geschichte für alle historischer Verein in Gerolzhofen, e.V. Dr. Ottmar Wolf - Kulturstiftung Marker text translated into English: Here stood the watchman's tower as the inner gate of the northern double-gated entryway. The gate . . . — Map (db m77751) HM
Germany, Bavaria (Landkreis Kitzingen), Iphofen — Einersheimer GateEinersheimer Tor
[Marker text in German:] 1422 erste Erwähnung 1525 Abwehr eines Bauernhaufens 1551 Ausbau zu einer massiven Wehranlage mit Verbindung des äusseren und inneren Tores durch den Steinmetz Caspar Rotenfelser. Steinkreuz im Innern zur Erinnerung an einen von den Schweden im 30-jährigen Krieg erstochenen Iphöfer. [Marker text translated into English, more or less:] 1422 First mention 1525 Defense during the peasant uprising 1551 Expanded to a massive fortification . . . — Map (db m58206) HM
Germany, Bavaria (Landkreis Kitzingen), Iphofen — Mainbernheimer GateMainbernheimer Tor
[Marker text in German:] Erste Erwähnung 1422. Wehrhafte Doppeltoranlage mit Torwächterhaus, Vorwerk und Haupttor. [Marker text translated into English, more or less:] First mentioned in 1422. Fortified double-gate structure with gatekeeper's house, forward works, and main gate. — Map (db m58374) HM
Germany, Bavaria (Landkreis Kitzingen), Iphofen — The Owls' TowerEulenturm
[Marker text in German:] Bauzeit um 1500. Gefängnisturm für lebenlänglich Verurteilte, auch „Faulturm” genannt, weil die eingekerkerten nach ihrem Ableben nicht selten darin verfaulten. Zudem Pulverturm der Stadt und Wachturm: „So der türmer ein gerenn im Felde und sonst was feindschaft betrifft ersieht, soll er in die drummelte sto ßen und dies anzeigen”. [Marker text translated into English, more or less:] Built around 1500. A prison tower for those . . . — Map (db m58307) HM
Germany, Bavaria (Landkreis Schweinfurt), Gerolzhofen — Dingolshäuser GateDingolshäuser Tor
[Marker text in German:] An dieser Stelle stand das Ost-Tor der äusseren Stadtmauer, das sogenannten Dingolshäuser Tor. Um 1470 unter Bischof Rudolf von Scherenberg errichtet. 1670 nach den Schwedenkrieg erneuert. 1882 wurde das Torhaus für den Bau einer breiteren Strasse abgebrochen. Geschichte für alle historischer Verein in Gerolzhofen, e.V. Dr. Ottmar Wolf - Kulturstiftung [Marker text translated into English, more or less:] At this location stood the East Gate . . . — Map (db m57950) HM
Germany, Bavaria (Landkreis Schweinfurt), Gerolzhofen — Spital GateSpitaltor
[Marker text in German:] Das Torhaus mit einer Rundbogen Durchfahrt und einem seitlich in den inneren Stadtgraben vorspringenden Flankiersturm wurde von Bischof Rudolf von Scherenberg um 1472 als Verstärkung des inneren Tors gebaut. Von Bischof Julius Echter 1597 erweitert, fiel es 1871 der Spitzhacke zum Opfer. Geschichte für alle - historischer Verein in Gerolzhofen, e.V. Dr. Ottmar Wolf – Kulturstiftung [Marker text translated into English, more or less:] . . . — Map (db m57951) HM
Germany, Bavaria (Landkreis Schweinfurt), Gerolzhofen — The Beadle’s TowerBettelturm
[Marker text in German:] Hier stand der innere Torturm der südlichen Doppeltor-Anlage, im Volksmund Bettelturm genannt(Büttel = Gerechtsknecht). Erstmals 1340 erwähnt, wurde der Turm schon im 1756 wegen Steinfraß und morschem Fundament wieder abgebrochen. Geschichte für alle - historischer Verein in Gerolzhofen, e.V. Dr. Ottmar Wolf – Kulturstiftung [Marker text translated into English, more or less:] Here stood the inner gate tower, part of the double-tower . . . — Map (db m57956) HM
Germany, Saxony-Anhalt (Mansfeld-Südharz District), Allstedt — Castle & Chateau AllstedtBurg & Schloss Allstedt
The impressive facility was built primarily in the period from the 15th-18th centuries. It was built instead of the former imperial palace Allstedt that nearly all early German rulers used as a temporary residence and governmental center from 935-1200. The significant main castle was extensively renovated in 1975 and expanded as a museum. In addition to exhibitions on the work of Thomas Müntzer and Johann Wolfgang von Goethe in Allstedt, there is cast Harz iron art and historically designed . . . — Map (db m73041) HM
Germany, Saxony-Anhalt (Mansfeld-Südharz District), Allstedt — Castle and Chateau AllstedtBurg und Schloss Allstedt
The Romanesque Road is one of the most popular touristic routes in Germany. It is in the shape of a figure Eight and runs through all of Saxony-Anhalt with Magdeburg being the place where the two halves meet. 65 stations with 80 buildings in the typical round-arch architecture of the Romanesque period are waiting to be admired. Castle and Palace Allstedt As a Frankish imperial castle founded in the 8th century it was one of the most frequented palaces in Saxony during the reign . . . — Map (db m73776) HM
Germany, Saxony-Anhalt (Mansfeld-Südharz District), Allstedt — Castle Fountains / Burgbrunnen
In the literature on Allstedt, so far the only mention of a well located in the main castle comes from a speech at the end of the 18th century by Duke Carl August. In 1980/81 this well was discovered in the northwest portion of the patio and then exposed. An inspection by cavers found that the well shaft is unlikely to have ever had a continuous inflow of water. A fountain is already attested in 1504/05. But as incoming water was bad [intermittent?], by the early 16th century a . . . — Map (db m73078) HM
Germany, Saxony-Anhalt (Mansfeld-Südharz District), Allstedt — North Wing / Ground FloorNordflügel / Erdgeschoß
The outer walls of the trench and the courtyard are probably from the 15th century, likewise is the pointed arch doorway. The oldest part is a tower-like building in the northeast corner. It is completely covered today and the only visible remnants are in the basement and ground floor (13th-14th centuries). The medieval structural fabric remains to the height of the upper floor. Cellar fixtures date from the mid-16th century, as the stonemasons' marks at the door of the cellar . . . — Map (db m73057) HM
Germany, Saxony-Anhalt (Mansfeld-Südharz District), Lutherstadt Eisleben — City Seat of the Counts of Mansfeld-HinterortStadtsitz der Grafen von Mansfeld-Hinterort
Built in 1500 by Count Albrecht IV, 1570-1616 seat of the Superintendent Office and the Office of the Upper Eisleben, in 1609 abandoned as City Palace, from 1671 to 1992 the seat of important administrative institutions of the Mansfeld mining and smelting industry (Markt 56-58) —————————— 1500 unter Graf Albrecht IV. erbaut, 1570-1616 Sitz des Oberaufseheramtes und des Oberamtes Eisleben, 1609 als Stadtschloß aufgegeben, 1671 . . . — Map (db m70242) HM
Germany, Saxony-Anhalt (Wittenberg District), Lutherstadt Wittenberg — The Castle Gate, also called Coswig GateDas Schlosstor, auch Coswiger Tor genannt
When Martin Luther came to Wittenberg in 1508 he saw three mighty gates around the heavily fortified town. At this place was the Castle Gate in 1508. In front of this gate was the Castle suburb. In 1805, Alexander I., Emperor of Russia, was in Wittenberg. He was welcomed here by the chamber knight and chief forester von Erdmannsdorf as well as by the Prince of Dessau-Anhalt (Father Franz). Delegations of the Council of Wittenberg and of the university were also welcomed by the Emperor. In . . . — Map (db m69888) HM
Ireland, Connacht (County Roscommon), Ballyconboy — 988:1272 — Cruachan / Cruachain (Rathmore)
Cruachan is traditionally said to be the inauguration place of the Kings of Connacht. There are a number of monuments spread over an area of about two square miles. These include a large mound, a number of differently-shaped enclosures and some ring-forts. One of these contains a standing stone alleged to mark the resting place of the last pagan king of Ireland. De réir an tseanchais is ag Cruachain a dhéantaí Ríthe Chonnacht a ghairm. Tá roinnt séadchomharthaí scaipthe ar fud achar dhá . . . — Map (db m28192) HM
Ireland, Leinster (County Fingal), Howth — The Ready Boat PillarSculpted by Seán O'Dwyer
Seeing the meaning When viewing a piece of sculpture one can see many different layers of meaning. The clues given here are only the first layer of meaning and are meant only as a gateway through which you can go on your way to see meanings of your own. All local stories, myths and legends are preserved to carry a message. Howth has a wonderful past and from it certain themes emerge.... exploration, conflict, healing and preservation. I have depicted figures in the Ready Boat Pillar . . . — Map (db m25301) HM
Ireland, Leinster (County Longford), Kenagh — fáilte go Kenagh
Brief History of Longford Longford is a focal point of the northern midlands where the provinces of Leinster, Ulster and Connaught all converge. Longford, where history and literature, tradegy and triumph are all woven together, takes its name from the ancient stronghold of the O'Farrell family (Long Fort - Fort of the O'Farrells) who ruled from the 11th Century. Bordered to the west by the majestic River Shannon, Longford is a county of rolling plains and picturesque stretches of water. . . . — Map (db m27946) HM
Ireland, Leinster (County Longford), Lanesborough — Lanesborough / Béal Átha Liag History 500 - 1900 AD
The Mouth of the Ford of Stones The ancient name of Lanesborough is Béal Átha Liag which means “Mouth of the Ford of Stones”. Situated at the northern tip of Lough Ree, or Loch Rí - meaning the “Lake of Kings” - Béal Átha Liag provided the first crossing point on the Shannon north of Athlone. From 1000 AD, the bridges across the Shannon have been of major military importance, being a main crossing point between the East and West of Ireland. 540 • . . . — Map (db m27424) HM
Ireland, Leinster (County Meath), Kells — Kells Round TowerKells Heritage Trail
This tower is located on the grounds of St Columba's church and was built in the 10th century as part of the early Christian monastery. Such towers were referred to as a cloigteach meaning bell tower. Modelled on early Italian belfries, they were used as lookout towers and as places of refuge during attack, particularly from Norse invaders. The tower is ninety feet high from the original street level to the base of its roof and has six floors but no internal staircase. Access to the upper . . . — Map (db m26440) HM
Ireland, Munster (County Kerry), Fahan — Dunbeg Promontory Fort / An Dún Beag
Dunbeg Promontory Fort This Promontory Fort consists of four fosses (ditches) and five mounds. Behind this we have the terraced dry-stone masonry rampart, originally straight but which became curved during later construction work. The entrance is roofed and flanked by two guardrooms. The inner part of the wall is the older, the outer portion being added later to strengthen it. Inside the Fort are the remains of a large Clochaun, internally square on plan. There is a water drain around . . . — Map (db m24780) HM
Ireland, Ulster (County Donegal), Burt — Grianan Ailligh / Grianán Ailigh
This large stone-walled fort, located on a hilltop commanding views over Loughs Foyle and Swilly and counties Donegal, Derry and Tyrone, was the royal citadel of the northern Uí Néill from the 5th to the 12th century. It was probably built some time around the birth of Christ. Its builders may have been attracted to this hilltop site by the presence here of a sacred monument - a prehistoric burial mound or tumulus, possibly from the Neolithich period (about 3000 BC). A lintelled . . . — Map (db m71458) HM
Ireland, Ulster (County Donegal), Donegal Town — Donegal Castle
Built in 1474 by Hugh O'Donnell. Destroyed in 1595 by Red Hugh O'Donnell to prevent seizure by the British. Rebuilt circa 1614 by Sir Basil Brook. [Top view drawing showing evolution of the castle in] 15th century, 17th century, Modern — Map (db m71569) HM
Ireland, Ulster (County Donegal), Donegal Town — 6 — Donegal Castle / Caisleán Dhún na nGall
Donegal Castle was built by Red Hugh O'Donnell, the young 'Eagle of the North', in the late 15th Century beside the River Eske. During the Plantation of Ulster that followed 'The Flight of the Earls' in 1607, the Castle, historic home of the O'Donnell's, was granted to Captain Basil Brooke who came to Ireland with the English Army in 1598 and fought in Munster. It is generally accepted that Red Hugh O'Donnell, who was proclaimed "The O'Donnell' in 1592, burned the castle to prevent it . . . — Map (db m71570) HM
Ireland, Ulster (County Donegal), Slieve League — Signal Towers / Túir ComharthaíochtaWalking Through Donegal — Ag Siúl Tríd Dhún na nGall
Signal Towers can be found all around the coast of Ireland and date from the period around 1800. They were built as an early warning system to guard against invasion by France during the reign of Napoleon Bonaparte. Located on headlands, which had good views of the surrounding sea, they were in sight of similar installations to allow signaling between them. The tower visible here at Carrigan Head was built around 1805. Tá Túir Comharthaíochta le fail thart ar chósta uile na h-Éireann . . . — Map (db m71669) HM
Ireland, Ulster (County Monaghan), Clones — Round Tower / Cloigtheach Chluain EoisClones - Historic Town / Cluain Eois, Baile Scairiúil
One of the earliest examples of a round Tower. Probably built in the 10th century. The base shows evidence of attempts to destroy by burning. The Tower lost its conical cap between 1591 and 1741. Four top windows face the cardinal points. Old Irish name "Cloig Teach" meaning Bell House refers to original use. Present height of Tower approx. 70ft. Circumference 50ft. Wall Thickness 3ft.-6in. Height of door 5ft.-4.5in. Originally 5 floors carried on offsets & joists. Single window . . . — Map (db m73266) HM
Israel, Central District, Rosh Ha'ayin — Tel Afeq - Antipatris
Archaeological excavations at Tel Afeq have exposed layers of occupation dating from the Chalcolithic period (the fourth millennium B.C.E.) until the 20th century C.E. Strategically situated on the "Afeq Pass", a bottleneck between the headwaters of the Yarqon Stream and the range of hills in the east, Afeq controlled the international route that ran from Egypt to the north. Already in the third millennium B.C.E. the city that stood here was encircled by a fortification wall. In the time of the . . . — Map (db m64309) HM
Israel, Haifa District, Acre — The Crusader Fortress of the Knights of the Hospital and the Ottoman-Turkish Citadel of Akko
On this site, in the 12th-13th century, towered the fortress of the Order of the Knights of the Hospital of Saint John (the "Hospitallers") who were based in Akko (Acre) until the Muslim conquest of the city in 1291. Over the ruins of the fortress, which was reconstructed by the Ottoman Turks in the 17th and 18th centuries, was built the Citadel and Palace of the Governors Akko. In the mid-19th century the Ottoman authorities added here a large prison. Under the British Administration . . . — Map (db m65456) HM
Israel, Haifa District, Megiddo — A Unique Continuity
[Text on the Left Side of the Marker]: The deep section dug by the University of Chicago Expedition (1925-1939) provides a unique glimpse into the nearly thirty settlements built one on top of the other at the site. Due to the unique continuity of its occupation from the Neolithic period through the Persian period - and the scope of its excavations, Tel Megiddo is considered the 'cradle' of biblical archaeology and the 'laboratory' of modern research methods. [Text on the . . . — Map (db m64908) HM
Israel, Haifa District, Megiddo — From Megiddo to Armageddon
The city of Megiddo played a prominent role in the history of the ancient Near East. Strategically located at the mouth of the Nahal Iron Pass, Megiddo controlled access to the road that linked Egypt with Mesopotamia and Anatolia - the most important trade and military route of that time. Megiddo is the only site in the Land of Israel mentioned in the records of all Near Eastern ancient powers and was one of the most fought-over cities in the region. The first fully-recorded battle in history, . . . — Map (db m64782) HM
Israel, Haifa District, Megiddo — Tel Megiddo National ParkWorld Heritage Site — The Biblical Tels - Megiddo, Hazor, Beer Sheba
The biblical tels of Megiddo, Hazor and Beer Sheba were inscribed in 2005 by the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) as World Heritage Sites with outstanding universal value. They are fitting representatives of the 200 biblical tels in Israel, which were flourishing cities in the past.These cities were established alongside ancient commercial roads and near prosperous agricultural areas, and were ruled by a central government. They made their mark on the . . . — Map (db m64811) HM
Israel, Haifa District, Megiddo — The City-Gate(The Late Bronze Period)
[Text on the Left Side of the Marker]: The Late Bronze period (1550-1150 B.C.) is marked by Egyptian rule of Canaan. At that time, Megiddo was one of the country's major city-states and its king a loyal vassal of the Egyptian pharaoh. The city-gate and the elaborate palace located just inside the are the best-known remains of this period. The city-gate was apparently incorporated into the Middle Bronze (2000-1550 B.C.) fortifications that were still in use at the time. [Text . . . — Map (db m64821) HM
Israel, Haifa District, Megiddo — The City-Gate(The Iron II Period)
[Text on the Left Side of the Marker]: Megiddo became an Israelite city sometime between the 10th and 9th centuries B.C., and functioned as an administrative center for he fertile Jezreel Valley. Some time later, a massive wall (1) and a monumental city-gate (2-4) were built. According to one opinion, the gate dates to the reign of Solomon (10th c. B.C.). Other scholars postdate the gate to the reign of either Ahab (9th c.) or Jeroboam II (8th c. B.C.). [Text across the . . . — Map (db m64882) HM
Israel, Haifa District, Megiddo — The Northern Palace
[Text on the Left Side of the Marker]: The foundations of this palace, first investigated by Y. Yadin in 1960, are presently being excavated by 'The Megiddo Expedition'. The edifice was apparently laid out as a bit hilani (North Syrian palace) whose architecture included a monumental porticoed entrance and a large central ceremonial hall. [Text across the Bottom of the Marker]: "And he made the hall of pillars (...) there was a porch in front with . . . — Map (db m64898) HM
Israel, Haifa District, Megiddo — The Northern Stables
[Text on the Left Side of the Marker]: Architectural complexes dating from the same period (9th or 8th c. B.C.) and of similar design were found near the northern and southern edges of the mound. Through the years they variously interpreted as stables, storehouses or marketplaces. Recent research seems to corroborate their identification as horse-stables. [Text across the Bottom of the Marker]: "I besieged and conquered Samaria. Led away as booty 27,290 . . . — Map (db m64889) HM
Israel, Haifa District, Megiddo — The Southern Palace
[Text on the Left Side of the Marker]: An elaborate ashlar-built palace (1) stood near the southern edge of the mound. A monumental entrance (2) - the only visible remains still standing - led to the courtyard (3). Like the northern palace, this edifice may have been built along the lines of a North Syrian bit hilani. One interpretation dated its construction to King Solomon (10th c. B.C.), whereas another one postdates it to Ahab's reign (9th c. B.C.). [Text across . . . — Map (db m65198) HM
Israel, Haifa District, Megiddo — The Southern Stables
[Text on the Left Side of the Marker]: The southern stables' five units could accommodate 150 horses. As in the northern complex, each unit consists of a rectangular building divided into three sections by two rows of alternating pillars and troughs. It seems that the Northern Kingdom established a major horse-breeding and training center at Megiddo in the 8th c. B.C., and this was apparently one of the reasons for its prosperity. Assyrian records from the 9th and the 8th c. B.C. . . . — Map (db m65204) HM
Israel, Haifa District, Megiddo — The Water System
[Text on the Left Side of the Marker]: The problem of supplying water to large cities, a serious issue even in times of peace, could become acute in times of siege. Megiddo's main water source was located at the foot of the mound, beyond the city's fortifications. In order to ensure access to the spring from within the city, a hidden gallery was built on the slope of the mound in the 10th or 9th c. B.C. This gallery was later blocked and replaced by an elaborate water system, which . . . — Map (db m65215) HM
Israel, Jerusalem District, Jerusalem — Jaffa GateOld City Jerusalem
[Text in Hebrew …] [Text in English:] Jaffa Gate is the westernmost of the gates in the walls of Jerusalem. It is so named as the starting point of the road to Jaffa port. Its Arabic name, Bab al-Khalil, meaning “Hebron Gate,” indicates that the road to Hebron, the ancient city of the Patriarchs, also started there. An Arabic inscription in the gate structure commemorates its construction: “In the name of Allah, the merciful and the compassionate, our lord . . . — Map (db m44853) HM
Israel, Jerusalem District, Jerusalem — The Large Stone StructureThe Remains of King David's Palace? — מבנה האבן הגדול
"And Hiram king of Tyre sent messengers to David, and cedar - trees, and carpenters, and masons; and they built David a house" (II Samuel 5: 11) Excavations in progress at this site since May 2005 conducted by Eilat Mazar, have revealed the remains of a large building, known as the Large Stone Structure. Finds uncovered in relation to the structure indicate that it was built in the early 10th century BCE during the reign of King David. In Mazar's opinion the building can . . . — Map (db m64064) HM
Israel, Jerusalem District, Jerusalem — The Royal Quarter (Area G)
"...the city shall be rebuilt on its mound, and the fortress in its proper place" (Jeremiah 30:18) The inhabitants of ancient Jerusalem once built their homes on this hillside. The earliest structure unearthed here was part of an enormous Stepped Stone Structure that supported King David's Palace or the Canaanite fortress that preceded it. In the early First Temple period, stately homes and an official archive were built upon the Stepped Stone Structure. . . . — Map (db m63928) HM
Israel, Northern District, Tiberias — The Crusader-Ottoman Building / Millstones
[Text at the top of the marker]: The Crusader-Ottoman Building This was built in the 12th century CE and remained in use until the Ottoman period. The hall has typical pointed vaults and embrasures in the walls, with remains of another two perpendicular halls. These halls were part of the Tiberias fort that was the capital of the Crusader 'Galilee Principality', and was integrated into Daher el-Omar's fortifications in the 18th century CE. [Text at the bottom of the . . . — Map (db m65331) HM
Israel, Northern District, Tiberias — The Southern Wall
The wall was erected by the Beduin Governor of the Tiberias Region, Daher El-Omer, in the 18th century on the basis of the ruins of an earlier wall built by the Crusaders. The wall was destroyed in the 1837 earthquake and since then only partially rebuilt. In the beginning of the 20th century, new settlements were established for the first time, outside the walls. The remaining ruins were once again struck by the great flood of 1934. — Map (db m65326) HM
Israel, Northern District, Tsipori — The Citadel
The Citadel (perhaps a watch tower) was built during the crusader period on foundations from an earlier period. Some of the cornerstones are rubble-filled Roman sarcophagi. In the 18th Century the building was renovated by Dahr El-Omar, the Bedouin ruler of the Galilee. At the end of the Ottoman Period it was rebuilt for use as a schoolhouse and was renovated again during the British Mandate. — Map (db m65412) HM
Israel, Southern District (Mehoz HaDarom), Arad — Bathing in Roman Style
"The fittings of the interior - apartments, colonnades and baths - were of manifold variety and sumptuous ..." Josephus Flavius Beyond the human need for cleanliness, the bathhouse also had a social function. Bathing and the associated physical activities were an important element in Roman social and cultural life, to which Herod aspired. This was where the king and his guests met, bathed and exercised. The sophisticated bathing arrangements, which are reminiscent of a dry . . . — Map (db m64079) HM
Israel, Southern District (Mehoz HaDarom), Arad — Columbarium Tower (dovecot)
Why did the king raise doves on the mountain? There were three columbarium towers on Masada. The one in front of us was used as a dovecot in its ground floor, and as a watchtower in its upper story. In the walls of the dovecot are several hundred niches in which the doves roosted. They supplied meat for Masada's inhabitants and guests, and probably also fertilizer for agricultural crops. — Map (db m64068) HM
Israel, Southern District (Mehoz HaDarom), Arad — The "Casemate of the Scrolls"
A large and rare concentration of finds from the time of the revolt was found in a corner of the room of the wall in which we stand: inscribed sheets of papyrus, fragments of scrolls, silver shekel coins, textiles, sandals, and glass vessels and bone implements. Among the finds was the pay record of a Roman cavalryman in the Tenth Legion. The most interesting finds were the scroll fragments, some of which show that during the siege there were members of different sects on the mountain. The . . . — Map (db m64071) HM
Israel, Southern District (Mehoz HaDarom), Arad — The Breaching Pointנקודת הפריצה
Here the siege of Masada ended. The ramp that the Romans had built up to the summit of the mountain reached to below this point. At the top of the ramp rose the siege tower, and in it was the battering ram with which the Romans assaulted the casemate wall. However, the rebels had built a wall of earth and wood, against which the battering ram was ineffective: "Observing this, Silva, thinking it easier to destroy this wall by fire, ordered his soldiers to hurl at it showers of burning . . . — Map (db m64069) HM
Israel, Southern District (Mehoz HaDarom), Arad — The Discovery Location of the "Lots"
"...then, having chosen by lot ten of their number to dispatch the rest... these, having unswervingly slaughtered all, ordained the same rule of the lot for one another, that he on whom it fell should slay first the nine nd then himself last of all." Josephus Flavius Here several hundred inscribed pottery shards (ostraca) were found. Outstanding among them was a group consisting of names and nicknames, including the name "Ben Ya'ir." Yigael Yadin, the most distinguished of . . . — Map (db m64101) HM
Israel, Southern District (Mehoz HaDarom), Arad — The Rebel's Community Life
How to organize community life under siege? Near the western entrance square were discovered large concentrations of inscribed pottery shards (ostraca) from the period of the revolt. They bear names, combinations of letters or single letters in Hebrew. These shards were apparently used as food-rationing coupons, as a substitute for money, or to register fighting units or the families that lived on the mountain. Both types demonstrate the community life of the rebels in Masada. It is probable . . . — Map (db m64077) HM
Israel, Southern District (Mehoz HaDarom), Arad — The Synagogue
"Long since, my brave men, we determined neither to serve the Romans nor any other save God ..." Josephus Flavius The rebels' way of life on Masada required a building suitable for community meetings and Torah readings. This building, which became a synagogue during the revolt, was built in Herod's time, most likely as a stable. The rebels changed its internal structure and even closed off a small room in the corner of the hall, which apparently served for storage of Torah . . . — Map (db m64076) HM
Israel, Southern District (Mehoz HaDarom), Arad — The Water Gateשער המים
The path that climbed to Masada from the west via the cisterns terminated at this gate. Visitors to the mountain and the beasts of burden that carried water took this path to the summit of Masada. A channel starting at the gate carried to some of the cisterns on the mountain. The stone paving of the gate was intended to prevent damage to the surface from the animals' hooves. — Map (db m64148) HM
Philippines, Cavite Province, Corregidor Island — Malinta Tunnel
Begun in 1922 and substantially completed in 1932, the tunnel complex consisted of east-west passage measuring 836 ft. long by 24 ft. wide 13 laterals on its north side and 11 laterals on the south side. Reinforced with concrete walls. Floor and overhead arches with blowers to furnish fresh air and a double-track electric car line along the main tunnel, Malinta provided bombproof shelter for the 1000 bed hospital, MacArthur’s USAFFE headquarters, shops and vast labyrinth storehouse during the . . . — Map (db m63648) HM WM
Philippines, Cebú Province, Cebu City — Fort San Pedro
The Fort of San Pedro, described in an official report of 1739, is triangular in shape and made of stone and mortar. The three bastions are La Concepcion, San Ignacio de Loyola, and San Miguel - Powder Magazine. [Inscriptions in the stone above the fort’s main [west side] gateway:] Fuerza de San Pedro, 1565 Sereformo, Año, 1833 Siendoalca lndem Dnmaniro … [Coat of Arms of the Spanish monarch] Note also, a statuette of the Santo . . . — Map (db m64435) HM
South Korea, Jeollanam-do (Jindo-gun), Imhoe-myeon — 127 — Namdoseokseong (남도석성)
Historic Site No. 127 Jeollanam-do, Jindo-gun, Imhoe-myeon, Namdong-ri 149 A fortress wall is a structure made of stone or earth for the purposes of protecting the designated area and using that area as the administrative and military center. The Namdo stone fortress stands on flat ground which encircles Namdong Village. It is said that this was build by the Sambyeolcho forces to defend the coastal areas when they were stationed in Jindo during King Wonjong’s reign and it is . . . — Map (db m73250) HM
Switzerland, Lucerne (Lucerne (District)) — Krien- or Upper-GateKrientor oder Obertor
1269 erstmals erwähnt. Ausfalltor Richtung Kriens, Horw und Brünig. Zugang zu den Handwerkersiedlungen entlang dem Krienbach. 1481–1482 erneuert, 1856 abgebrochen. German-English translation: First mentioned in 1269. Exit gate towards Kriens, Horw and Brünig, providing access to the artisan settlements along the Krienbach. Rebuilt 1481-1482, demolished in 1856. — Map (db m67741) HM
Switzerland, Lucerne (Lucerne (District)) — Lower- or Basel-GateNiedertor oder Baslertor
Stadttor mit Haberturm an der Ausfallstrasse Richtung Basel. 1297 erstmals erwähnt, 1743 – 1744 mit einem Vorwerk versehen, 1862 abgebrochen. In unmittelbarer Nähe standen die Zollstätte, der Judenturm (1771 abgebrochen), der << Herrenkeller >> und das Zeughaus (heute Historisches Museum). Südwärts setzte sich die 300m lange Litzimauer als Teil der Stadtbefestigung fort. Sie führte den Hirschengraben entlang zum Kesselturm und wurde 1856 – 1858 abgetragen. German-English . . . — Map (db m67768) HM
Switzerland, Lucerne (Lucerne (District)) — Nölliturm
Westlicher Abschluss der im 14. Jahrhundert erbauten und 1408 fertiggestellten Museggmauer. 1513 in der Art eines Bollwerkes als runder Turm erbaut und als << Roter Turm >> oder << Bauernfeind >> bezeichnet. Das Tor an der Brüggligasse als Lindentor 1393 bezeugt. Der torartige Durchbruch am Reussufer entstand 1900-1901 anlässlich des Baus des St. Karliquais. Heute Sitz der Zunft zu Safran German-English translation: Nölliturm Part of the the western defenses of the 14th . . . — Map (db m67333) HM
Switzerland, Lucerne (Lucerne (District)) — The "Cauldron" TowerKesselturm
Im 13. Jahrhundert erbaut, 1857 abgebrochen Südlicher Eckpunkt der Stadtbefestigung neben dem Krienbachdurchlass. Hier war 1845 der liberale Politiker Jakob Robert Steiger eingekerkert. Im Bereich des abgebrochen Turmes wurde 1856 – 1857 das Krienbachschulhaus als erstes Schulgebäude der Stadt erstellt. German-English translation: The "Cauldron" Tower Built in the 13 century, the southernmost corner of the city wall, next to the Krienbach passageway, was torn down in . . . — Map (db m67742) HM
Switzerland, Lucerne (Lucerne (District)) — The Burgher GateBurgertor
Im 13. Jahrhundert als Teil einer älteren Stadtbefestigung erbaut, 1314 als Littauertor erwähnt. Es diente zeitweise als Gefängnis für Bürger. 1685 mit einer Uhr versehen. 1864/65 abgebrochen. German-English translation: Built in the 13th century as part of an earlier fortification, and first mentioned in 1314 mentioned as the Littau Gate. It served as a temporary prison for citizens. Fitted with a clock in 1685. 1864-65 demolished. — Map (db m67488) HM
Switzerland, Lucerne (Lucerne (District)) — The Inner "Weggis" GateInneres Weggistor
Ausfalltor des inneren Befestigungsringes der Grossstadt auf den Kirchweg zum Hof, nach Küssnacht und Zug. 1265 als Hoftor erstmals genannt. Der Turm über dem Tor hiess Schwarzturm, weil er von Rauch der benachbarten Bad- und Waschhäuser geschwärzt war. 1559 – 1623 Amtswohnung des Stadttrompeters. Zeitweise Gefängnis. 1862 abgebrochen. Das Fundament des Turmes ist im Bodenbelag markiert. German-English translation: Interior Weggis Gate This was the . . . — Map (db m67723) HM
Switzerland, Lucerne (Lucerne (District)) — The Mills GateMühlentor
Tor der im 13. Jahrhundert errichteten ältesten Befestigung des rechtsufrigen Stadtteils. Der Name leitete sich von den nahen Mühlen ab. Es war das älteste Ausfalltor gegen Norden und vermittelte den Verkehr Richtung Brugg, bis um 1300 die linksufrige Baselstrasse aufkam. German-English translation: The Mills Tower This 13th Century gate is the oldest fortification established on the right bank portion of the city. The name was derived from the nearby mills. It was . . . — Map (db m67750) HM
U.S Virgin Islands, St Croix, Christiansted — Fort Christiansvaern
This fort played a vital role in Christiansted’s international trade. Built at harbor’s edge to protect commercial shipping from pirates and privateers, the fort embodied colonists’ fears as well as economic strength. Here were quartered Danish troops whose primary duty was internal security…to safeguard the island against slave insurrections.

Completed in 1749, the fort was named Christiansvaern (“Christian’s Defense”) in honor of King Christian VI of Denmark-Norway. This . . . — Map (db m60707) HM

U.S Virgin Islands, St Croix, Frederiksted — Fort FrederikNational Historic Landmark
This site possesses national significance in commemorating the history of the United States of America — Map (db m60871) HM
Ukraine, Volyn, Lutsk — Monument Kupriyan Sivy
One of the 4 forts under Lutsk , built in 1887 -1890 -ies . This fort was buried Kupriyan Sivy and a memorial cross in his honor : Magazine - Niva number 37 on September 10, 1916 wrote : "Tomb of the hero " Place and the tomb of the martyr penalty arrow 8th Siberian shelf Kupriyan Sivy . Having escaped from Austrian captivity , he reached his native village Boratin near Lutsk occupied by the Austrians , he settled in the neighboring Czech Boratin colony , the widow of professor Gorlichko . . . — Map (db m72236) WM
United Kingdom, England (Central London), London — Tower Hill Execution Site
To Commemorate the tragic history and in many cases the martyrdom of those who for the sake of their faith country or ideals staked their lives and lost. On this site more than 125 were put to death. The names of some of whom are recorded here. • Simon of Sudbury, Archbishop of Canterbury 1381 • Sir Robert Hales, 1381 • Sir Simon de Burley, K.G. 1388 • Richard Fitzalan, 3rd Earl of Arundel 1397 • Rev. Richard Wyche, Vicar of Deptford 1440 • John De Vere, 12th Earl of Oxford 1462 . . . — Map (db m78678) HM
United Kingdom, Northern Ireland (Castle Londonderry), Derry-Londonderry — Bishop's Gate
It was here that James II demanded entry to the city during the 1689 siege. The present gate was built at the suggestion of Bishop Hervey in 1789 to celebrate the centenary of the siege. The head facing Bishop Street represents the river Boyne crowned by a laurel wreath: the date refers to the Battle of the Boyne in 1690. The head facing outwards is the river Foyle: the date 1689 and the ship breaking the boom recall the relief of the 1689 siege. — Map (db m71021) HM
United Kingdom, Northern Ireland (County Antrim), Bushmills — Dunluce CastleCauseway Coastal Route
Side A Welcome to Dunluce Castle Dunluce Castle, dramatically positioned on this sheer headland between the Giant's Causeway and Portrush, was built between the 15th and 17th centuries. At this time it was one of the finest castles in the region and served to control the land and sea routes of North Ulster. Inside the castle you will discover centuries of stories and legends that reveal the turbulent history of the MacQuillans, the MacDonnells and the Scottish settlers who . . . — Map (db m70900) HM
United Kingdom, Northern Ireland (County Antrim), Dunseverick — Dunseverick CastleCauseway Coastal Route
Dunseverick Castle and its rocky peninsula were given to the National Trust in 1962 by farmer Jack McCurdy. The term Dun (fort) indicates a royal site. This was the fort of Sobhairce. It may have been a royal stronghold in the Iron Age (around 500 B.C.) and traditionally was one of the great duns of Ireland. St. Patrick reputedly visited Dunseverick in the 5th Century. The extensive earthworks on the headland may be the remains of the royal fort from which the Antrim kingdom of . . . — Map (db m70859) HM
United Kingdom, Northern Ireland (County Fermanagh), Enniskillen — The Watergate and Flag of St George
The Watergate The Watergate is the name given to the twin turreted building added to the outer wall of the castle c. 1615. Scottish in style, it was almost certainly built by William Cole, constable of the castle and founder of Enniskillen town. Its name may have come from an earlier gate nearby, marked 'Watergatte' on a map of 1594, which opened on to the water but has long since disappeared. Immediately inside the 'Watergate' is a deep well, an important feature for a castle under . . . — Map (db m72648) HM
United Kingdom, Northern Ireland (County Fermanagh), Lisnaskea — Castle Balfour
Castle Balfour, built for Sir James Balfour of Glenawley by about 1620, was one of many castles designed to secure the plantation in Ulster during the 17th century. It is of the Scottish-style strong house type, identifiable by such characteristic features as corbelled stair turrets and parapets, high pitched gables and tall chimneys. In 1619 Captain Nicholas Pynnar described Castle Balfour which was just being built, as 'a Bawne of Lime and Stone 70 ft square, of which two sides are . . . — Map (db m71324) HM
United Kingdom, Northern Ireland (County Londonderry), Derry-Londonderry — Butcher Gate
Two million gallons of whisky Smoke from illicit poteen whisky stills used to waft over the walls from the Bogside. Legal distilleries opened in the Waterside and in the Bogside in the 1820s. Watt's Abbey Street distillery became the largest in Ireland producing two million gallons of grain whisky a year by the 1880s. The works was as large as two football pitches, its seven-storey high building still being the city's tallest after St Columb's Cathedral. The distillery closed in 1921. . . . — Map (db m70971) HM
United Kingdom, Northern Ireland (County Londonderry), Derry-Londonderry — Butcher Gate
This was one of the four original gates of 1617. It was initially called the 'Nugate' or King's Gate, later being renamed Butcher Gate after the nearby meat market and slaughterhouse. The gate was nearly destroyed by cannon fire during the 1689 siege. The present gate, built in the 1800s, is nearly twice the height of the original. — Map (db m70972) HM
United Kingdom, Northern Ireland (County Londonderry), Derry-Londonderry — Castle Gate
Demolish the walls The Maiden City withstood two sieges without its walls being breached. In the 18th century the city grew too big for its walls and increasingly houses and factories were built on the slopes below. Castle Gate (1803) was the second breach in the walls to deal with increased traffic. Thirty years later businessmen campaigned to demolish the walls entirely to solve the traffic problems. They failed and traffic continued to clog the city's streets. The . . . — Map (db m70960) HM
United Kingdom, Northern Ireland (County Londonderry), Derry-Londonderry — Castle Gate
Constructed in 1803 this was the second of the three new gates into the city. Although originally named New Gate, by the mid 19th century it was known as Castle Gate after the medieval tower house built by the O'Doherty family. — Map (db m70970) HM
United Kingdom, Northern Ireland (County Londonderry), Derry-Londonderry — Church Bastion
The watchers and the watched There have been watchers on the walls for centuries. In 1627 two watch towers were built near the Cathedral after the guards complained about having to do duty in the rain. In the 19th century the bastions became gardens and most watch towers were demolished: one still survives near here. During the Troubles the British army erected sangars close to the walls to watch over the city. The towers combined accommodation for soldiers with high technology . . . — Map (db m71053) HM
United Kingdom, Northern Ireland (County Londonderry), Derry-Londonderry — Demi-culverin Cannon
Livery Companies of the City of London Demi-culverin (G1) Bore 4-5" - Length 108" Weight 3333lb Sent to the city in May-June 1642 by the Worshipful Company of Vintners. Probably cast by John Browne at one of his works in Kent. — Map (db m70999) HM
United Kingdom, Northern Ireland (County Londonderry), Derry-Londonderry — Demi-culverin Cannon
Livery Companies of the City of London Demi-culverin (C3) Bore 4.25" - Length 120" Weight 3750lb One of a pair sent to the city in May-June 1642 by the Worshipful Company of Merchant Taylors. Probably cast by John Browne at one of his works in Kent. — Map (db m71049) HM
United Kingdom, Northern Ireland (County Londonderry), Derry-Londonderry — Demi-culverin Cannon
Livery Companies of the City of London Demi-culverin (C11) Bore 4.6" - Length 120" Weight 3988lb The second of a pair sent to the city in May-June 1642 by the Worshipful Company of Merchant Taylors. Probably cast by John Browne at one of his works in Kent. — Map (db m71052) HM
United Kingdom, Northern Ireland (County Londonderry), Derry-Londonderry — Demi-culverin Cannon
Livery Companies of the City of London Demi-culverin (C4) Bore 4.92," Length 90," Weight 2795lb Sent to the city in May-June 1642 by the Worshipful Company of Salters. Probably cast by John Browne at one of his works in Kent. — Map (db m71083) HM
United Kingdom, Northern Ireland (County Londonderry), Derry-Londonderry — Demi-culverin Cannon
Livery Companies of the City of London Demi-culverin (C9) Bore 4.8," Length 120," Weight 3977lb Sent to the city in May-June 1642 by the Worshipful Company of Mercers. Probably cast by John Browne at one of his works in Kent. — Map (db m71099) HM
United Kingdom, Northern Ireland (County Londonderry), Derry-Londonderry — Demi-culverin Cannon
Demi-culverin with Rose and Crown (C12) Bore 4.5", Length 120" Weight 3417lb Cast in 1590 by Thomas Johnston Founder of iron ordnance to Queen Elizabeth I — Map (db m71125) HM
United Kingdom, Northern Ireland (County Londonderry), Derry-Londonderry — Demi-culverin Cannon
John Browne No.1 Demi-culverin (C8) Bore 4.7", Length 98" Weight 3117lb Cast by John Browne possibly at Horsmonden, Kent 1615-1625 — Map (db m71128) HM
United Kingdom, Northern Ireland (County Londonderry), Derry-Londonderry — Double Bastion
The city has always expressed its soul in verse. Derry mine! My small oak grove Little cell, my home, my love! Attributed to St. Colmcille The saint's story is told as St Columb in the Cathedral and as St Colmcille in Long Tower Church. The purple headed mountains, The river running by, The sunset and the morning That brightens up the sky.' Mrs Cecil Frances Alexander The 19th century hymn writer was inspired by the view of the Creggan Hills. 'My heart . . . — Map (db m71005) HM
United Kingdom, Northern Ireland (County Londonderry), Derry-Londonderry — Double Bastion
Roaring Meg Roaring Meg is the most famous of the city's cannon. She weighs a mighty 1794 kilograms. The Fishmongers' Company of London presented her to the city in 1642. She saw action in the 1689 siege, probably from this bastion. It could take up to six men to fire a large cannon. Two packed the gunpowder into the barrel and inserted the cannon ball. A third lit the fuse while the fourth aimed the cannon at the target. The force of the explosion could cause the gun carriage to roll . . . — Map (db m71007) HM
United Kingdom, Northern Ireland (County Londonderry), Derry-Londonderry — Ferryquay Gate
Locking the gates In 1688 James II proposed to replace the Protestant garrison in the city with Catholic troops. Rumours were rife that the citizens were to be massacred. Meeting in the Diamond, the city leaders could not make up their minds whether to admit the new garrison. Fourteen young men - the 13 Apprentice Boys and their look-out - lost patience. They drew their swords, ran to the guard house, seized the keys to the city, raised the drawbridge of Ferryquay Gate, and shut and . . . — Map (db m71097) HM
United Kingdom, Northern Ireland (County Londonderry), Derry-Londonderry — Ferryquay Gate
This gate was built in 1865 on the site of one of the four original entrances to the city. Like Bishop's Gate it had a drawbridge, which could be pulled up in times of troubles, to allow people to cross the dry moat. This was the gate that the Apprentice Boys locked in December, 1688. The carved heads are of Governor George Walker and Rev James Gordon who urged the citizens to refuse to admit James II's troops. — Map (db m71104) HM
United Kingdom, Northern Ireland (County Londonderry), Derry-Londonderry — Grand Parade
Fourteen sycamores There are 14 sycamore trees on the Grand Parade, one for each of the 13 Apprentice Boys and one for James Morrison, their look-out on Ferryquay Gate. The fruit of the sycamore are like bunches of keys. They represent the keys of the city with which the Apprentice Boys locked the gates. Parading and promenading In the 18th century the city garrison used this part of the walls for exercises and parades. It later became fashionable to promenade along the Grand . . . — Map (db m70984) HM
United Kingdom, Northern Ireland (County Londonderry), Derry-Londonderry — Guildhall Square
The roaring cannon The city claims Europe's largest collection of cannon whose precise origins can be traced. These are the earliest surviving cannon. Some were shipped over for Sir Henry Docwra's campaign of 1600-3: others were sent to defend the Plantation city. Look for the marks stamped on the cannon - the rose and crown of the Tudor English kings, club and arrow marks, the date '1590' and the initials T.J. for Thomas Johnston, Queen Elizabeth I's gun founder. 'Wish you were . . . — Map (db m71131) HM
United Kingdom, Northern Ireland (County Londonderry), Derry-Londonderry — Hangman's Bastion
Bulwarks and bastions When first built, the bastions were known as bulwarks, each called after a person associated with the city from King James I to the Governor of the Plantation. They were renamed during the 1689 siege. This is Hangman's Bastion where a man nearly killed himself when he became entangled in the rope which he was using to escape. The nearby Coward's Bastion, one of the three bastions that have been demolished, was the safest place in the city. Defending the . . . — Map (db m70957) HM
United Kingdom, Northern Ireland (County Londonderry), Derry-Londonderry — Magazine Gate
Magazine Gate is the city's newest gate, built in 1865. At the same time the wall between Magazine and Shipquay Gates was raised by two metres and ornamental battlements added. A line of stonework on the outside shows the height of the original walls. Above the arch are the sculpted heads of siege heroes, David Cairns and Colonel Adam Murray. — Map (db m70915) HM
United Kingdom, Northern Ireland (County Londonderry), Derry-Londonderry — Magazine Gate
Fire power Magazine Gate takes its name from the Plantation city's gunpowder store. The mixture of saltpetre, sulphur and fine charcoal had to be kept very dry as it easily absorbed water. A barrel of gunpowder and a pile of shot was placed beside each cannon when in use. The powder was carefully weighed and scooped into cloth or paper bags with a shovel before being packed inside the barrel of the cannon. Ramrods, linstocks and wadhooks Tools helped the team of gunners to . . . — Map (db m70956) HM
United Kingdom, Northern Ireland (County Londonderry), Derry-Londonderry — New Gate
In 1787 the walls were breached for the first time to improve access to the city centre. It is said that the gate was built to cope with crowds flocking to the New Theatre in Artillery Street but was closed in 1799 due to complaints from the audience that the noise outside disturbed the performance. The gate was reopened and widened in the 1860s. — Map (db m71085) HM
United Kingdom, Northern Ireland (County Londonderry), Derry-Londonderry — Newgate Bastion
The first shot On 13th April, 1689 the first shot of the siege was fired. Citizens on the walls spotted the vanguard of the Jacobite army approaching under Lieutenant General Richard Hamilton. To make his presence known, Hamilton fired a shot which hit Newgate Bastion. The defenders could not retaliate as they had not yet been issued with arms. Goods to market Markets were always a feature of life in the city which served a large agricultural area. Over the centuries there . . . — Map (db m71098) HM
United Kingdom, Northern Ireland (County Londonderry), Derry-Londonderry — Newmarket Street
You are standing on the city walls. Newmarket Street slopes up and over the wall. The street was created in the mid 19th century on the site of the Smithfield Meat Market to allow carts to the new covered market. — Map (db m71100) HM
United Kingdom, Northern Ireland (County Londonderry), Derry-Londonderry — Royal Bastion
The siege governors The Royal Bastion is associated with the city's four governors during the 1689 siege. Professional soldier Robert Lundy was unconvinced that the city could be defended against Jacobite attack. His indecisiveness and refusal to admit additional troops into the overcrowded city led to his overthrow and flight. Major Henry Baker and Rev George Walker replaced him as joint governors. When Baker died of fever, Colonel John Mitchelburne took over his military duties. . . . — Map (db m70987) HM
United Kingdom, Northern Ireland (County Londonderry), Derry-Londonderry — Shipquay Gate
This was one of the four original 17th century gates to the city. It had a watch tower, battlements and a portcullis. The carvings on the outside of the present gate, built between 1803-5, celebrate the city's wealth. The cornucopia is a symbol of plenty and the caduceus is a magic wand used by the Greek god Hermes to protect merchants. — Map (db m70927) HM
United Kingdom, Northern Ireland (County Londonderry), Derry-Londonderry — Shipquay Gate
'A city fit for war and merchandise' In 1600 Elizabeth I of England instructed Sir Henry Docwra to establish and fortify a new settlement on the Foyle. An explosion in the cathedral in 1567 had largely destroyed the town. Docwra and his 4200 troops re-used the stones and rubbish of the old buildings. He surrounded the main fort with earthen walls to protect it from attack by powerful local chiefs. Plantation city The Plantation city was the first planned town in . . . — Map (db m71123) HM
United Kingdom, Northern Ireland (County Londonderry), Derry-Londonderry — The Walled City
If 'stones could speak', what a story they would have to tell. Their voices still echo on the walls and in the city streets. According to tradition St. Colm Cille chose the oak grove on top of the hill for his monastery in 546 AD. His community became a beacon of light and learning throughout Europe. Around it grew a settlement with a stronghold, cathedral and port. In 1610 the City of London Companies agreed to build a new city on the Foyle in return for land in King James I's . . . — Map (db m70928) HM
United Kingdom, Northern Ireland (County Londonderry), Derry-Londonderry — The Walled City
[Keyed photo of Double Bastion overlook] 1. Lumen Christi College - co-educational school on the site of Bishop Hervey's casino. 2. The Windmill - the stump of the building fought over during the 1689 siege. 3. St Columba's, Long Tower - the city's first Roman Catholic church. 4. Creggan Country Park - watersports and outdoor centre with some of the best views over the city. 5. Brandywell - home of soccer and Gaelic football. 6. The City Cemetery - a sacred, shared place . . . — Map (db m71004) HM
United Kingdom, Northern Ireland (County Londonderry), Derry-Londonderry — The Walled City
If 'stones could speak', what a story they would have to tell. Their voices still echo on the walls and in the city streets. According to tradition St. Colm Cille chose the oak grove on top of the hill for his monastery in 546 AD. His community became a beacon of light and learning throughout Europe. Around it grew a settlement with a stronghold, cathedral and port. In 1610 the City of London Companies agreed to build a new city on the Foyle in return for land in King James I's . . . — Map (db m71026) HM
United Kingdom, Northern Ireland (County Londonderry), Derry-Londonderry — The Walled City
If 'stones could speak', what a story they would have to tell. Their voices still echo on the walls and in the city streets. According to tradition St. Colm Cille chose the oak grove on top of the hill for his monastery in 546 AD. His community became a beacon of light and learning throughout Europe. Around it grew a settlement with a stronghold, cathedral and port. In 1610 the City of London Companies agreed to build a new city on the Foyle in return for land in King James I's . . . — Map (db m71121) HM
United Kingdom, Northern Ireland (County Londonderry), Derry-Londonderry — Water Bastion
Feabhail The river Foyle lapped against the Water Bastion until the late 18th century. The name Foyle probably arose because English-speaking settlers had difficulty saying the Irish 'Feabhail', used traditionally to describe the stretch of water from the sea to Strabane. Some say that it took its name from the legendary chieftain Feabhail who was drowned by a giant wave. The truth is simpler. The word comes from the Welsh for a 'lip', describing the shape of the estuary. Lundy's . . . — Map (db m71122) HM
Alabama (Autauga County), Prattville — A County Older Than the State, Autauga County
Created in 1818 by an act of Alabama Territorial Legislature. Autauga Indians lived on creek from which the county takes its name. Autaugas were members of the Alibamo tribe. They sent many warriors to resist Andrew Jackson's invasion in Creek War. County was part of the territory ceded by the Creeks in Treaty of Ft. Jackson, 1814. Prattville county seat since 1868. Earlier: Jackson's Mill, Washington, Kingston. — Map (db m27907) HM
Alabama (Baldwin County), Fort Morgan — The Pride of Seven Flags
(East Face): Tribute dedicated to the memory of the soldiers who gave their lives in the defense of our country here at Fort Morgan. Here lies the pride of seven flags entombed in our ancestor’s worth, who heard the thunder of the fray break o’er the field beneath knew the watchword of the day was “Victory or Death.” (North Face): Dates of battles and some events relative to Fort Morgan. 1711 – Battle, France – England 1719 – Battle, . . . — Map (db m4649) HM
Alabama (Baldwin County), Gulf Shores — 6.4” (100 pounder) Parrott Rifle / 7” Brooke Rifle
6.4” (100 pounder) Parrott Rifle Designed by Robert Parker Parrott at the outbreak of the Civil War, the Parrott Rifle became one of the most used rifled artillery pieces during the war. With shells that exploded on impact, rifled guns such as the Parrott Rifle spelled the end of masonry fortifications. In the 1870’s, the U.S. Army attempted to modernize Fort Morgan by shipping several 6.4” (100pdr.) Parrott Rifles to the fort to improve its armament. 7” Brooke . . . — Map (db m69898) HM
Alabama (Baldwin County), Gulf Shores — Battery Dearborn (1900-1924)
Constructed between 1899 and 1900, the battery was named in honor of Major General Henry Dearborn, a Revolutionary War hero. The battery mounted eight 12” breech-loading mortars. Each mortar weighed 13 tons and was 11’ 9” long. The battery’s mortars did not fire directly at a target, but rather into one of eight “zones.” Different weights of projectiles and powder charges were used in each zone. Projectiles weighted between 824 and 1046 pounds and were propelled by . . . — Map (db m69919) HM
Alabama (Baldwin County), Gulf Shores — Battery Schenck (1899-1923)
Battery Schenck, named for First Lieutenant William Schenck who was killed in action during the Philippine Insurrection, was the second rapid fire battery constructed at Fort Morgan. Completed on June 4, 1900, the battery would sit without guns for three years before finally receiving its armament of two Model 1898, 15-pounder Rapid Fire guns in September of 1903. A third position was added to the battery in 1904 with its Model 1902, 15 pounder Rapid-Fire gun being mounted in December of . . . — Map (db m70058) HM
Alabama (Baldwin County), Gulf Shores — Battery Thomas (1898-1917)
The first of two rapid fire gun batteries, Battery Thomas was named in honor of Captain Evan Thomas, 4th U.S. Artillery, who was killed in action with the Modoc Indians at Lava Beds, California in 1873. In March 1898, as the nation moved towards war with Spain, the Army rushed this battery into service. The concrete platforms were completed on April 26th and two 4.7” Rapid Fire Guns were installed on May 9, 1898. Capable of firing a 45 pound projectile six miles, these guns . . . — Map (db m69826) HM
Alabama (Baldwin County), Gulf Shores — Citadel (1825-1865)
The Citadel, a large ten sided brick and wood structure, once dominated the Fort’s parade ground. Completed in 1825 as a defensive barracks, it was capable of housing 400 soldiers. During the Union bombardment on August 22, 1864, the pine beams used in the construction of the citadel’s roof caught fire and burned out of control. The fire forced the Confederates to dump approximately 60,000 pounds of cannon powder into the fort’s water cistern to prevent it from exploding. On the morning . . . — Map (db m68751) HM
Alabama (Baldwin County), Gulf Shores — Fort Bowyer War of 1812
At, or near, this site, the United States, after seizing this point of land from the Spanish in 1813, built Fort Bowyer, a structure of wood and sand. A small garrison of men courageously fought to defend the fort against two British attacks, one in September, 1814, again in February, 1815. — Map (db m28692) HM
Alabama (Baldwin County), Gulf Shores — Peace Magazine (1902-1924)
When Fort Morgan was modified between the 1890’s and early 1900’s, an allocation of $7,000.00 was made to build a “Peace” magazine. This building was the central storage area for the powder used by the fort’s guns. If war was expected, the powder was to be moved to the better protected magazines of each gun battery. Work was begun on the copper-roofed magazine in January 1902 and completed by the end of the year. The building was used until the post was abandoned in 1924. The . . . — Map (db m69917) HM
Alabama (Baldwin County), Gulf Shores — Stop C1 — The Battle of Mobile Bay“A Deadly Rain of Shot and Shell” — Civil War Trail, Battle for Mobile Bay
Eager to attack Mobile Bay since 1862, U. S. Admiral David Farragut knew he could not capture control of the lower bay without the support of the army and without a flotilla of ironclad monitors to confront the Confederate ironclad CSS Tennessee. In July 1864, U. S. General Edward Canby sent 1,500 men under General Gordon Granger on army transports from New Orleans. Granger landed on Dauphin Island on August 3. By August 4 all of Farragut’s monitors had joined the fleet. Farragut was . . . — Map (db m68815) HM
Alabama (Baldwin County), Gulf Shores — The Overland CampaignStorm Clouds Gather — Civil War Trail, Battle for Mobile Bay
To Wait and Watch In late August 1864 the Federals controlled Mobile Bay but could not attack Mobile. Admiral Farragut could not reach the city even with his light draft vessels, because the channels in the upper Bay had been obstructed. Nor was U.S. General Edward Canby’s force big enough to take Mobile by an overland route. The soldiers that would otherwise have been available to him were tied down in other places. All Canby could do was make occasional demonstrations from the Bay to . . . — Map (db m69909) HM
Alabama (Baldwin County), Gulf Shores — U.S. Model 1918M1 155mm Gun and Model 1918A1 Carriage
The U.S. Model 1918M1 155mm Gun, more commonly known as the “G.P.F.”, was a French heavy artillery piece manufactured in the U.S. for use by the U.S. Army during World War I. Due to the gun’s mobility and hitting power, it was used during the 1920’s and 1930’s as a coast defense weapon. By 1944, the M1918M1 gun and the M1918AA carriage with its solid rubber tires were no longer in front line service and had been relegated to a support role. During World War II, Battery F of the . . . — Map (db m69910) HM
Alabama (Baldwin County), Spanish Fort — Revolutionary War Battlefield and Burial Ground at Spanish Fort (1780-1781)
During the Revolutionary War, France, Spain, Britain, and the United States were interested in the fate of this region. In March 1780, Spanish forces captured Mobile. They established a palisaded fort with trenches (one mile north of here) to protect nearby Frenchtown, also known as The Village from British forces based in Pensacola. Early on the foggy Sunday morning of 7 January 1781, the British, under Col. von Hanxleden, attacked with about 200 German, Swiss, English, loyalist American . . . — Map (db m61451) HM
Alabama (Baldwin County), Stockton — Fort Mims And The Creek Indian War, 1813-14
Front: In 1813, people on the United State’s southwestern frontier were fearful. The Redstick faction of the Creek Indian Nation opposed growing American influence in the area and had voted for war. However, Creeks living in the Tensaw area had intermarried with the European and American settlers and were close allies. Early in the summer, local American militia and allied Creeks attacked a group of Redsticks at Burt Corn Creek. Tensions grew and many families along the Tensaw, . . . — Map (db m66394) HM
Alabama (Barbour County), Batesville — Fort Browder/15th Alabama Infantry
side 1 Fort Browder Approximately one mile south-southwest of here stood Fort Browder, a small wooden fortification built in 1836 for protection in the last war with the Creek Indians and named for Isham Browder, a prominent local planter. In 1861, the fort witnessed the formation of a Confederate infantry company known as the Fort Browder Roughs initially commanded by Captain Moses Worthington. The Roughs were subsequently enrolled as Company D, 15th Alabama Infantry. Of . . . — Map (db m60895) HM
Alabama (Butler County), Forest Home — The Butler Massacre / Fort Bibb
(obverse) The Butler Massacre On March 20, 1818, Capt. William Butler, Capt. James Saffold, William Gardener, Daniel Shaw and John Hinson left Fort Bibb to meet Col. Sam Dale. They were attacked near Pine Barren Creek by Savannah Jack and his warriors. Gardener and Shaw were shot dead; Butler and Hinson wounded. Saffold and Hinson escaped on horseback to Fort Bibb, but Capt. Butler, thrown from his horse and left on foot, was killed by the Indians. Butler County was named in . . . — Map (db m68165) HM
Alabama (Clarke County), Whatley — Fort Sinquefield
Fort Sinquefield Kimbell - James Massacre Creek War 1812-13 Erected by Clarke County School Children 1931 Lest we forget Hayden and his dogs. — Map (db m47701) HM
Alabama (Conecuh County), Pine Orchard — Old Federal RoadFort Warren
Site of Fort Warren, built in 1816 by Colonel Richard Warren, who owned considerable land in this vicinity. This facility was used as a refuge for settlers who feared for their lives in the early days of the aftermath of the Creek Indian Wars of 1812-1814. — Map (db m47689) HM
Alabama (DeKalb County), Fort Payne — Fort Payne’s Fort
The fort, consisting of a log house and large stockade, was built in 1838 by order of General Winfield Scott, commander of military forces responsible for the removal of Cherokee Indians. Soldiers occupying the fort were commanded by Captain John C. Payne, for whom the fort was named. Indians in the DeKalb County area who refused to move westward voluntarily were gathered and held in the stockade pending their forceful removal to the Indian territory. Chimney still standing on . . . — Map (db m28030) HM
Alabama (Elmore County), Wetumpka — Fort Jackson
At this site stood Fort Toulouse, later Fort Jackson, named in honor of Gen. Andrew Jackson who on March 27, 1814, defeated the Creek Indians in a decisive battle at Horseshoe Bend. Erected by Peter Forney Chapter D.A.R. Montgomery, Ala. May 21, 1915 — Map (db m69705) HM
Alabama (Elmore County), Wetumpka — Here Stood Fort Toulouse
Here stood Fort Toulouse A defense against the Indians Built by Bienville 1714 The Alabama Society of Colonial Dames preserves the memory of faithful service 1912 — Map (db m69567) HM
Alabama (Henry County), Shorterville — Franklin - First Beachhead into East Alabama
The frontier village of Franklin was established here by Colonel Robert Irwin in 1814 on the site of the Indian town of Cheeska Talofa. It was the first colonial village in east Alabama. Fort Gaines, Georgia, was constructed in 1816 to protect the early settlers in this former Creek Indian Nation, West. Twenty-one blocks were laid off for this promising river port of Abbeville. This prospective early city never recovered from the destructive flood of 1888. — Map (db m71844) HM
Alabama (Lauderdale County), Florence — Fort WillinghamNational Guard Armory
(side 1) The United States flag that flies at the base of this hill stands as a sentry over the site that was the home of Fort Willingham Armory from 1937-1979. The Armory was named after Dr. Henry J. Willingham, president of Florence State Normal School, and later, Florence State Teachers College for 25 years. In addition to its military functions, the Armory also served as the focal point for community sporting events and social gatherings. In 1935, an extensive building . . . — Map (db m70622) HM
Alabama (Lee County), Cusseta — Fort CussetaChambers County
Following the signing of the Creek Treaty in 1832, the early white settlers constructed a 16 by 30 foot hand hewn log fort for protection against a possible Indian uprising from Cussetaw Indian Village on Osanippa Creek just north of here. Walls of the fort were 4 and 6 feet high, with portholes at height of 4 feet, still visible after 140 years. Last known fort of its kind in Southeast. — Map (db m71643) HM
Alabama (Limestone County), Athens — Fort Henderson / Trinity School - 1865-1970
Fort Henderson Built on this site in 1863 by federal forces occupying Athens. It was a five-sided earthen fort with some frame buildings and underground bomb-proofs. Abatis lined the fifteen-foot deep perimeter ditch, a small portion of which is still visible. On September 24, 1864 after a brief fight and a clever ruse orchestrated by Confederate General Nathan B. Forrest, the fort and its 900 man garrison of mostly the 110th U.S. colored infantry were surrendered. After moving the . . . — Map (db m41787) HM
Alabama (Limestone County), Athens — Trinity School Cistern
This cistern is the last remnant of Trinity School located here 1865-1907. The cistern was used to store rainwater collected from the roof. No physical evidence remains of the Ross Hotel, the Chapman Quarters, and other buildings on this block, which played an important role in Athens history. Trinity, a school for the children of former slaves, was established here, on the old Richardson property, in 1865, primarily through the efforts of Miss Mary Frances Wells, the school's principal and . . . — Map (db m72219) HM
Alabama (Limestone County), Elkmont — Battle of Sulphur Creek Trestle
On Sept. 25, 1864 Gen. N.B. Forrest's Confederate cavalry, with Morton's battery of 4 guns, attacked and captured the Union fort near here. The fort consisted of a square redoubt, rifle pits, two blockhouses, and some frame buildings. It protected a large railroad trestle about a mile E. of here. After a demand for surrender was refused by Col. Lathrop, the Union commander, the Confederates attacked, supported by 800 rounds of artillery fire. Over 200 Union officers and men, including Col. . . . — Map (db m60870) HM
Alabama (Limestone County), Elkmont — Sims Settlement
Side A (North side) In the fall of 1806 a group of settlers led by William and James Sims, traveled from east Tennessee on flatboats down the Tennessee River and up the Elk River to this area. They landed near Buck Island and spread out into the surrounding countryside, seeking homesites in what they thought was "government" land that would soon be for sale to settlers. The area they settled, covering several square miles, from Elk River to New Garden became known as "Sims Settlement." . . . — Map (db m64252) HM
Alabama (Mobile County), Creola — Site of Old Mobile
(English) Site of Old Mobile Fort Louis de la Louisiane Founded 1702 by Pierre Le Moyne d’Iberville Under orders of Louis XIV First Capital of French Louisiana 1702-1711 (French) Site de Vieux Mobile Fort Louis de la Louisiane Premiere Capitale de la Louisiane Francaise 1702-1711 Fondee par Pierre Le Moyne d’Iberville par ordre de Louis XIV, Roi de France — Map (db m70588) HM
Alabama (Mobile County), Mt Vernon — Fort Stoddert1799
Site three miles east. Border fort and port of entry into the United States while the 31st parallel was the southern border. Aaron Burr was held prisoner here after capture near McIntosh in 1807. — Map (db m70592) HM
Alabama (Mobile County), Mt. Vernon — Mt. Vernon Federal Highway
In 1811, the Mount Vernon Cantonment, located on a hill about three miles west of the Mobile River, was laid out by Col. Thomas H. Cushing. The cantonment was on the site of a spring called Mount Vernon Springs. In 1814, the garrison at Mt. Vernon was visited by Andrew Jackson. Construction of the Old Federal Road from Milledgeville, Georgia to Fort Stoddert, Alabama began in 1818. 1828 president Andrew Jackson authorized for Mt. Vernon to become a military arsenal. By 1830 the construction of . . . — Map (db m70591) HM
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