|Australia, Victoria, Peterborough — Historic Shipwreck Trail|
| The Newfield
Three masted iron barque 1306 tons gross
Built Dundee Scotland 1889
Wrecked Newfield Bay 29 August 1892
The Newfield", with a crew of 26, left Sharpness, Scotland, on 28 May 1889, with a cargo of fine salt for Brisbane. Near midnight on 29 August, in squally weather, the Captain mistook the Cape Otway light for that of King Island, and headed the ship straight towards the coast.
The vessel struck rocks about 100 metres from shore. Nine men drowned . . . — Map (db m52642) HM|
|Australia, Victoria, Port Fairy — SS Casino|
This memorial was unveiled
July 8 1934 by Mrs. C.A. Melhuish
Captain Thomas Boyd
first master of the S.S. Casino.
Borough of Port Fairy
This commemorative plaque is to mark the 100th anniversary of the registration of the S.S. Casino as part of the Belfast and Koroit Steam Navigation Company and the 50th anniversary of the sinking of the S.S. Casino at Apollo Bay on 1oth July, 1932. Unveiled by his Worship the Mayor . . . — Map (db m52484) HM|
|New Brunswick (Charlotte County), Welshpool — President Franklin Delano Roosevelt — 1933 - 1945|
| The Great Depression 1929-1941
The depression was world-wide. In the U.S., the banking system collapsed and 12.8 million people were unemployed. Hardest hit were youth, minorities, the elderly, and workers in the consumer durables industries. There was widespread hunger and suffering as communities ran out of charitable and government relief. FDR's "New Deal" programs, some more successful than others, helped to stem national despair and boost public confidence.
La Crise économique . . . — Map (db m54783) HM|
|Ontario, Ottawa — Parliament Clocktower Bell|
|This bell was taken from the ruins of the clock tower destroyed by fire February 3, 1916. "The fire raged fiercely for hours. The main tower was not touched until about 11 p.m., and one of the most pathetic incidents of the night, which moved the spectators, was the striking of the midnight hour by the old tower clock. There seemed almost a human touch as its familiar tones boomed out from the mass of flames." From the 1916 report of the deputy minister of public works. — Map (db m39748) HM|
|Yukon Territory, Dawson City — 3rd Avenue Complex — Le complexe de la 3e avenue|
| [English] In Dawson City’s history, permafrost ranks second only to fire as the bane of buildings. These three structures, dating from 1901, illustrate what can happen when heated buildings are placed on frozen ground; the frost melts, mixing water with the soil to form a very fluid muck into which the different footings settle at different rates. No restoration measures have been taken with these buildings so that visitors may see history as it naturally unfolds.|
Dans l’histoire . . . — Map (db m49305) HM
|Estonia, Harjumaa MaakondTallinn — Mälestusmärk “Katkenud Liin” / “Broken Line” — M/S Estonia Memorial|
| Malestusmark “Katkenud Liin”
Parvlaeva ESTONIA katastroofis
28. septembril 1994.aastal
Hukkunud 852 inimesele.
“Broken Line” In memory of
the 852 people who lost their
lives in the ESTONIA
passenger ferry catastrophe
on 28 September 1994. — Map (db m61331) HM|
|Ireland, Connacht (County Mayo), Louisburg — Famine Museum and Granuaile Centre, Louisburgh — Clew Bay Archeaological Trail site 12 — Slí Seandálaíochta Chuan Módh|
| Cluain Cearbhán - Meadow of the Buttercups
The Famine Museum in Louisburgh recounts local memories of the famine, presents coverage of the famine in the media, nationally and locally, and shows how links have been established between Louisburgh and other parts of the world, culminating in the local famine walk along Doo Lough Valley.
The Granuaile Centre recounts the life and times of the 16th century O'Malley Chief and Sea Captain, Granuail (Grace O'Malley or Gráinne . . . — Map (db m28044) HM|
|Ireland, Connacht (County Mayo), Murrisk — Murrisk Abbey / National Famine Monument / Statue of St Patrick — Clew Bay Archaeological Trail sites 6, 7, 8 — Slí Seandálaíochta Chuan Módh|
Murrisk Abbey • site 6
Muraisc - Sea Marsh
Murrisk Abbey was founded circa 1456 by the Augustinian Friars because “the inhabitants of those parts have not hitherto been instructed in their faith.” It quickly became the preferred starting point for pilgrimages up Croagh Patrick. Before then, pilgrims approached the mountain from AnTóchar Phádraig, which starts in Aughagower.
The ruins consist of an L-shaped building representing the long and narrow . . . — Map (db m27757) HM|
|Ireland, Connacht (County Mayo), Murrisk — Murrisk Fisherman's Monument|
Ag Criost an muir
Ag Criost an t-iasc
_liontaib de go gcastar sinn
This monument was erected to honour the
contributions of the traditional seafaring
fishing community in Murrisk.
We celebrate their memory and ask you to remember
all those who lost their lives in Clew Bay
Names of boats associated with sea fishing in Murrisk up to mid 1960's
Officially unveiled by
Cathaoirleach of Mayo County Council
Gerry Coyle &
Most Rev. Michael Neary DD
Archbishop of . . . — Map (db m27575) HM|
|Ireland, Connacht (County Mayo), Murrisk — National Famine Memorial — Cuimhneachán Náisiúnta ar an nGorta Mór|
To honour the memory of all who died, suffered and
emigrated due to the Great Famine of 1845 - 1850,
and the victims of all famines.
The Memorial was unveiled by the President of Ireland,
Mary Robinson, on 20 July 1997.
I gcuimhna ar an daoine go léir a fuair bás,
a d'fhulaing agus a chuaigh
ar an imirce de dheasca Ghorta Mór 1845 - 1850
agus ar gach uile dhuine i ngátar de dheasca gorta.
Uachtarán na nÉireann, Máire Mhic Róibín,
a nocht an Cuimhneachán ar an 20 . . . — Map (db m27583) HM|
|Ireland, Connacht (County Mayo), the Doo Lough Valley — 1849 Famine Walk|
| . . . — Map (db m27687) HM|
|Ireland, Leinster (County Meath), Loyd — Kells Union Workhouse Paupers' Graveyard|
to the memory of the poor
during the operation
English Poor Law System.
1838 - 1921.
R. I. P.
In the immediate aftermath
of the Great ‘Famine’, this mass
burial place was opened in 1851 for
the poor people of the Kells District.
Their memory challenges us to end the
scandal of hunger in today's world of plenty.
AFrI Great “Famine” Project
Erected 9th October 1993
“Famine is a lie”
Brian . . . — Map (db m27326) HM|
|Ireland, Munster (County Kerry), Listowel — Teampaillín Bán — (The Little White Churchyard)|
| Where very many
nameless victims of the
Irish Famine of 1845-47
Also buried here are others
in the nearby workhouse
Saibhreas na bhflaitheas dóibh! — Map (db m23042) HM|
|Israel, Haifa District, Acre — The Crusaders — Until their arrival at Akko|
|On their way to Jerusalem in 1099, the Crusaders killed the Jewish 'infidels' and destroyed many communities, among which were in the communities of Speyer, Worms and Magenza. In memory of those who perished the prayer "Merciful Father" was composed, which has been recited each Sabbath by the Ashkenazi communities. — Map (db m65446) HM|
|Israel, Jerusalem District, Jerusalem — The Burnt Room and the House of the Bullae — Destruction and Ruin|
|"He burned the House of the Lord, the king's palace, and all the houses of Jerusalem; he burned down the house of every notable person." (II Kings 25: 9)
This residential quarter went up in flames with the rest of the city during the Babylonian during the Babylonian destruction of 586 BCE.
The floors of the houses were covered by a thick layer of ash. Beneath the heap of rubble in one room, Yigal Shiloh uncovered Babylonian and Israelite arrowheads and . . . — Map (db m63933) HM|
|Israel, Jerusalem District, Jerusalem — The House of Ahiel|
|Here Dwells Ahiel in a Four Room House
"He (David) had houses made for himself in the City of David..." (1 Chronicles15: 1)
The name 'Ahiel' appears on potsherds found among the ruins of this house. The House of Ahiel is a 'four-room house' - a typical Israelite dwelling, consisting of three parallel spaces closed off by a fourth. The roof beams were supported by pillars, part of which can be seen here. It is reasonable to assume that this was a two-story . . . — Map (db m65296) HM|
|Italy, Campania (Naples Province), Pompei — Pompei Giubileo [Pompeii Jubilee] 2000 — Edifici Privati/Private Buildings|
| [Text in Italian …]
Text in English:
The destructive fury of Vesuvius raged the 24th August in 79 a.C. Buried under three metres of ash, Pompeii suddenly stopped living. From the Forum to the Temple of Iside; from the House of the Faun to the Barracks of the Gladiators; thousands of bodies lay on the ground: slaves and merchants, women, children and rich landowners. After sleeping for centuries, the buried city sees light again: the dawning of the most exciting archaeological . . . — Map (db m48081) HM|
|Italy, Campania (Naples Province), Pompei — Teatro Grande e Quadriportico/ — Great Theatre and Quadriporticus — Pompeiviva|
| Il Teatro Grande fu costruito nel II secolo II a.C., addossando la struttura ad una collina lavica e ristrutturato in epoca augustea. La cavea costituita da gradini in tufo o calcare, ospitava circa 5000 persone in tre zone separate da corridoi anulari: l’inferiore (ima cavea), l’intermia (media cavea) e la superior (suma cavea). Alle estremita della gradinata vi erano I palchi d’onore, I tribunalia; al centro l’orchestra e alle spalle il proskenion (podio del palcoscenico) con sullo sfondo . . . — Map (db m47980) HM|
|Sweden, Södermanland Province (Stockholm County), Stockholm — The Zetterström Fountain — Vasa Museum|
| Text in Swedish: Zetterström-Fontänen
Mustycke som användes för att spola tunnlar
under Vasa vid bargningen 1961.
Konstructör: Dykarpionjären Arne Zetterstöm (1917-1945)
Donatorer: Flygt AB och Marinen
Text in English: The Zetterström Fountain Nozzle used for making tunnels under the warship Vasa
when it was salvaged in 1961.
Constructor: The Swedish diving pioneer Arne Zetterström (1917-1945)
Fountain sponsors: Flygr . . . — Map (db m56837) HM|
|Alabama (Houston County), Cowarts — Cowarts Baptist Church/Cowarts School|
|(Front): Cowarts Baptist Church
Cowarts Baptist Church was founded in 1885 when dissension arose in the Congregation of Smyrna. Originally located beside the cemetery, the church was destroyed by fire during the 1890s. It was rebuilt and dedicated on this site May 1, 1903 in front of the existing Cowarts School. A cyclone destroyed both the church and school on Friday, January 10, 1918 about 2 p.m. Beginning in March 1918, Cowarts Baptist Church was rebuilt and has remained on . . . — Map (db m64865) HM|
|Alabama (Lawrence County), Oakville — Town of Oakville|
|Based on the large number of local mounds and artifacts, this site shows evidence of Indian occupation over 2000 years ago. According to tradition about 1780, Oakville became a Cherokee town located on Black Warriors' Path. By the early 1820's, Celtic people of Scots~Irish ancestry had moved here in large numbers often intermarrying with the local Indians. Prominent names of this era included Irwin, Hodges, McNutt, McWhorter and McDaniel. Wiley Galloway was a teacher of the first known school . . . — Map (db m36036) HM|
|Alabama (Talladega County), Oak Grove — Stars Fell On Alabama / Hodges Meteorite|
Stars Fell On Alabama
November 30, 1954. It was cold, clear early afternoon when Dr. Moody Jacobs left his office for lunch, in the sky, he saw a trail of dark smoke and heard an explosion before white smoke shot out in several directions. “I thought a plane had exploded,” Moody said. Back by 1 p.m. he received a call to an Oak Grove home to treat Mrs. Ann Hodges who’d been struck by a “comet.” The descending fireball had actually been seen by many people across . . . — Map (db m44229) HM|
|Arizona (Coconino County), Sunset Crater Volcano National Monument — Changes to Come|
| Buried under Sunset Crater's lava and cinders are perhaps dozens of pithouses. Those excavated revealed few artifacts; even building timbers had been removed. This suggests people had ample warning of the impending eruption.
The changed environment forced new adaptations, which included migration from the area. Those who stayed nearby had to adapt their traditional agricultural technology to lower elevations and cinder-covered land.
Wherever we live, changes occur around us. Some changes . . . — Map (db m41693) HM|
|Arizona (Coconino County), Walnut Canyon National Monument — A Time of Change|
When a volcanic eruption occurred near what is now Flagstaff, Arizona, people lost homes and lands they had cultivated for at least 400 years. A major life events for locals, the eruption was also visible to large population centers across the Southwest. Many people knew something significant had happened.
In the decades that followed, sparsely inhabited areas like Walnut Canyon and nearby Wupatki became densely settled.
By 1150, clustered communities replaced scattered farming . . . — Map (db m61325) HM|
|Arizona (Gila County), Payson — The Dude Fire|
|On June 25, 1990 a lightning caused fire entrapped ten members of the Perryville fire crew in this canyon. Resulting in six fatalities. Before the fire was contained it had burned more than 24,000 acres and destroyed over 70 structures.
This tragic event inspired Paul Gleason to formulate L.C.E.S. (Lookout, Communication, Escape Route, Safety Zones) now a minimum safety standard for wildland firefighting. Lessons learned from this incident continue to influence fire suppression around the world today. — Map (db m28210) HM|
|Arizona (Mohave County), Littlefield — The Old Spanish Trail — 1829 - 1848|
|The Old Spanish Trail, the main trade route between Santa Fe and Los Angeles, passed this way beginning in 1829. At the end of the Mexican-American War this portion of the route evolved into what was variously known as the Salt Lake Road, the Mormon Trail, the California Road, and eventually U.S. Hwy. 91. The original pack trail descended Utah Hill, passed through Beaver Dam, then followed the Virgin River toward Las Vegas. As wagon traffic increased in the 1850s the route veered westward near . . . — Map (db m22729) HM|
|Arizona (Navajo County), Lakeside — Rodeo-Chediski Fire — June 18th 2002 – July 7 2002|
|The White Mountain communities dedicate this memorial to the
courageous men and women who voluntarily put themselves in harm's way to protect
from imminent destruction by the Rodeo-Chediski Fire.
By the Grace of God, and through the courageous, heroic efforts of firefighters
and support personnel, our community survived the most devastating wildfire
in Arizona history.
In particular, the burnout operation, led by Rick Lupe, was performed by a
team of 4 hotshot crews that worked . . . — Map (db m36745) HM|
|Arizona (Pima County), Summerhaven — Lemmon Rock Lookout Tower — Coronado National Forest|
|Lemmon Rock Lookout Tower was erected in 1928. It is the oldest lookout still in use on the Forest. This general locale has been used as a fire lookout since the Coronado Forest Reserve was established in 1902. The current lookout structure was constructed according to 1920's standard plans. It contains a work area, kitchen, sleeping area, and fire finder in the same room. This lookout played a role in the first aerial fire patrols which flew over the Santa Catalinas beginning in 1921.
The . . . — Map (db m55554) HM|
|Arkansas (Benton County), Lowell — Original Site of Bloomington (Mudtown) Arkansas|
|Front Mar. 20, 1839 Trail of Tears Mar. 8, 1847 Robinson's Crossroads First Post Office Feb. 5, 1858 Name changed to Bloomington Sept. 18, 1858 Butterfield Stage Stop to 1861 Dec. 9, 1862 Civil War Skirmishes Aug. 24, 1864 "Camp Mudtown" Mar. 9, 1881 Moved near railroad after village destroyed by tornado Known now as Lowell Back Lowell Sesquicentennial 1836-1986 Committee Chairperson Vera Lou Goree Fowler Committee Members Helen Nail Bolen Jo Vantine Elza Tucker Alma . . . — Map (db m33712) HM|
|California (Alameda County), Berkeley — The 1923 Berkeley Fire|
|On the morning of September 17, 1923, a grass fire spread from Wildcat Canyon over the hills into Berkeley. Driven by hot, dry winds, the fire spread rapidly across the northeast residential districts of the city, burning as far south and west as this downtown block.
In just a few hours, nearly 600 homes and dozens of entire blocks burned north of the University of California campus and east of Shattuck Avenue. Downwind, a rain of blowing embers started small fires and endangered buildings . . . — Map (db m54213) HM|
|California (Fresno County), Clovis — September 11th California Memorial|
| In Memory of the victims of September 11, 2011 and in honor of our fallen heroes America's bravest - New York City Firefighters Port Authority of NY and NY Police Officers America's Finest - New York City Police Officers The Passengers and crew - United Flight 93 Forever In Our Hearts — Map (db m61130) HM|
|California (Fresno County), Coalinga — Row of Store Buildings Destroyed By Earthquake in 1983 — 1904|
|In 1909 Dominique Bordagaray purchased six lots on 5th and “C’ Streets and built row stores on them as Coalinga began to grow. The row stores included a French laundry, cigar shop, and liquor store, bicycle shop and confectionery shop.
The French laundry was destroyed by fire and was replaced with the Liberty Airdome Theatre. The open air theatre was later replaced with a J.C. Penney store and new Liberty Theatre with Audio Sound. — Map (db m63917) HM|
|California (Fresno County), Coalinga — The Earthquake of 1983|
|On May 2nd, 1983 at 4:42 P.M. a major earthquake of 6.7 magnitude lasting 45 seconds destroyed 54 buildings in downtown Coalinga. Only 31 people were injured and miraculously there were no deaths.
The earthquake also destroyed over 300 homes and caused major damage to schools and utilities. Every home suffered damage – every person suffered loss. Heirlooms, pictures, crystal, antiques...
This plaza was reconstructed through the efforts of the community and its neighbors. This plaque . . . — Map (db m63914) HM|
|California (Inyo County), Lone Pine — 507 — Disaster in 1872 — Grave of 1872 Earthquake Victims|
|On the date of March 26, 1872, an earthquake of major proportions shook Owens Valley and nearly destroyed the town of Lone Pine.
Twenty seven persons were killed.
In addition to single burials, 16 of the victims were interred in a common grave enclosed by this fence. — Map (db m34157) HM|
|California (Kern County), Tehachapi — 27 — Tehachapi Loop Mural|
|The Tehchapi Loop put Tehachapi on the map when it was completed in 1876. Before that time there was no rail access across the Tehachapi Mountains. The historic Loop is pictured here, circa 1952, with a trompe l'oeil effect showing damage to the building due to the historic 1952 earthquake. The wall upon which the mural is painted appears to be cracking open from the force of the earthquake. The Loop is pictured in late summer colors, rather than the usual greens that are only seen for a short . . . — Map (db m53117) HM|
|California (Kern County), Tehachapi — The Great Flood of 1932 and Engine No. 3834|
|On September 30th torrential rains flooded Tehachapi Creek, undermining the tracks under Santa Fe Engine No. 3834 which was waiting out the storm about ½ mile east of Woodward Station. The engine disappeared into the raging water below. It remained “lost” for two weeks, hidden under 10 feet of mud. It took one month to free the severely damaged engine. Its bell was never found. Almost three years after the flood the newly refurbished engine was returned to service with people . . . — Map (db m11912) HM|
|California (Lake County), Upper Lake — League's Store|
|League's Store, destroyed in the fire of 1924, housed the beginnings of both the Odd Fellows Hall and the Harriet Lee Hammond Library. The post office moved here when the library opened in 1916. The Griner Brothers eventually built and relocated their general store at this location in the 1930's.
Also destroyed in the fire of 1924 was the Justice Court of Upper Lake. Originally located on the east side of town it also served as the practice hall for the Upper Lake Concert Band. Renowned as . . . — Map (db m61079) HM|
|California (Los Angeles County), Saugus — 919 — St. Francis Dam Disaster Site|
|The 185-foot concrete St. Francis Dam, part of the Los Angeles aqueduct system, stood 1½ miles north of this site. On March 12, 1928, the 185-foot high concrete dam collapsed just before midnight, sending 12½ billion gallons of water roaring down the Santa Clara River Valley 54 miles to the ocean. This was one of California’s greatest disasters: Over 450 lives were lost. — Map (db m30666) HM|
|California (Mono County), Lee Vining — Avalanche of 1911|
|Not far from this site, in the early morning hours of March 7, 1911, a massive avalanche roared down the east slop of Copper Mountain and wiped out the town of Jordan. Eight people were killed including Robert Mason, the chief engineer of the power plant. Only his wife and dog survived.
This snow slide was the worst of several occurring, in and around, Mono County during the winter of 1910-11. Rescuers coming from Bodie and Lee Vining were forced to travel by snowshoes or skis as all roads . . . — Map (db m50074) HM|
|California (Mono County), Walker — The C-130 Crew — Lost During the Cannon Fire - June 17, 2002|
|In Loving and Grateful Memory of
The C-130 Crew
Steve Wass, Craig Labare and Mike Davis
Who gave their lives to save
our community on June 17, 2002 — Map (db m23036) HM|
|California (Monterey County), Monterey — Associated Oil Fire – 1924 — Historic Cannery Row|
|In 1904 the Coalinga Oil Transportation Company laid 168 miles of six-inch pipeline from the Belridge Field in San Joaquin Valley to the Tidewater-Associated Marine Terminal on Monterey Bay (top). Its purpose was to deliver heavy fuel oil for use in oceangoing steamers. The terminal and fuel-storage farm were located where the breakwater and U.S. Coast Guard pier now stand.
On the morning of September 14, 1924, a bolt of lighting ignited a fire in the Associated Oil Company tank farm . . . — Map (db m55215) HM|
|California (Monterey County), Monterey — Monterey Breakwater — Historic Cannery Row|
|Recurring winter storms wreaked havoc on the Monterey fishing fleet every few years (top). On April 29, 1915, such a storm, with 60-mile-per-hour winds, destroyed or damaged nearly 50 boats. On Thanksgiving morning 1919, more than 93 vessels were tossed onto the beach, and the offices of the Pacific Steamship Company was blown off the wharf and into the bay.
Monterey businessman and civic activist Harry Ashland Greene, “Breakwater Harry,” was an early and staunch advocate for . . . — Map (db m55214) HM|
|California (Monterey County), Pacific Grove — John Denver — Henry John Deutschendorf, Jr.|
|In Commemoration of
Henry John Deutschendorf, Jr.
Dedicated September 23, 2007
at the site of crash of John’s plane, Long EZ N555JD
“... So welcome the wind and the wisdom she offers,
Follow her summons when she calls again,
In your heart and your spirit let the breezes surround you,
Lift your heart and your spirit then sing with the wind ...”
- “Windsong” by John Denver and Joe Henry –
Love from the . . . — Map (db m63662) HM|
|California (Nevada County), Truckee — Donner Camp Site|
|On October 28, 1846 the six covered wagons brought west by George and Jacob Donner and their families halted here for repairs. By March of 1847 one half of the party of 22 adults and children had died of starvation and cold. They came west seeking a new life and found misery and death. — Map (db m60507) HM|
|California (Nevada County), Truckee — Donner Party Camp at Alder Creek Valley / Tamsen and Elizabeth Donner|
| Donner Party Camp at Alder Creek Valley
In the Fall of 1846, 25 Members of The Donner Party became Trapped by an Early Snowstorm here at Alder Creek Valley. The George and Jacob Donner Families, their Teamsters, and Fellow Travelers Suffered Extreme Hardship and Starvation. They Spent the Winter Here Cut Off from the Rest of Their Party who Camped at Donner Lake. Only 11 Survived the Ordeal. Their Survival, Against Desperate Odds, Stands as a Testament to the Enduring Pioneer Spirit the . . . — Map (db m60303) HM|
|California (San Benito County), San Juan Bautista — The San Andreas Fault Exhibit & El Camino Real Earthquake Walk|
|In Celebration of the
U.S.Geological Survey's Centennial
1879 - 1979
Dedicated July 4, 1979
SAN JUAN BAUTISTA CHAMBER OF COMMERCE
In Cooperation With
Old Mission San Juan Bautista-Diocese of Monterey,
U.S.Geological Survey-Department of the Interior,
California State Historical Park-San Juan Bautista
and the Citizens of San Juan Bautista, California — Map (db m15340) HM|
|California (San Bernardino County), Lake Arrowhead — Memorial to Pauliena LaFuze|
|"I never thought I would outlive the trees"
A century old herself in 2005, and seeing many of her beloved trees bow to beetle and flame, Pauliena Lafuze had done just that. She has been a Lake Arrowhead Woman's Club member since the 1930's, and has helped restore Switzer Park many times after fires and other natural events. She planted trees on April 9, 2005, to help Switzer Park recover from the 2003 Old Fire. This plaque recognizes her inspiring, lifelong efforts to conserve and restore this forest. — Map (db m30409) HM|
|California (San Francisco City and County), San Francisco — Hotaling Building|
|Built in 1866 and occupied by A.P. Hotaling & Co., this building housed the largest liquor repository on the West Coast. It survived the 1906 earthquake and fire due to a mile long fire hose laid from Fisherman's Wharf over Telegraph Hill by the U.S. Navy. This prompted the famous doggerel by Charles Field:
"If, as they say, God spanked the town
for being over frisky,
why did he burn the churches down
and save Hotaling's Whiskey?" — Map (db m40165) HM|
|California (San Mateo County), Half Moon Bay — SMA 038 — "The Determination of One Man"|
|In October of 1906, Joseph Debenedetti constructed this two story mission revival commercial style building, which immediately became the center of commerce for Half Moon Bay and the surrounding area. Rising from the ashes of the devastating 1906 earthquake, it was the first concrete reinforced building in San Mateo County and symbolized the determination of one man to recover from a natural disaster and lead the way to resurgence of the San Mateo Coastline. Despite the absence of good roads . . . — Map (db m10715) HM|
|California (San Mateo County), Milbrae — The San Andreas Fault|
|The San Andreas Fault is the largest earthquake fault in North America. It passes through this point and alongside the tip of the small peninsula straight ahead.
In this area, during the 1906 San Francisco earthquake, the west side of the fault moved nine feet northwestward. — Map (db m17165) HM|
|California (Santa Clara County), Alviso — The Steamboat Jenny Lind Disaster|
|Beginning in the 1840s, the dock at Alviso served as Santa Clara County’s access to the San Francisco Bay. From this port, passengers boarded steamboats loaded with goods and produce bound for San Francisco and points beyond. In the early days of the California gold rush San Jose provided hay, lumber and large amounts of food through this port.
During the height of its shipping activity, Alviso experienced a devastating maritime disaster. On the eleventh of April in 1852, the steamer Jenny . . . — Map (db m64389) HM|
|California (Shasta County), Burney — Fountain Fire Vista Point|
| . . . — Map (db m13741) HM|
|California (Shasta County), Shingletown — Devastated Area|
[Two markers, side-by-side, describe the events that created the Devastated Area.]
A Night to Remember
May 19, 1915
You are standing in the aftermath of the volcanic destruction known as the Devastated Area. Late on the evening of May 19, 1915, a large steam explosion shattered the lava that filled Lassen Peak’s crater the previous days. Glowing blocks of hot lava fell on the summit and snow-covered upper flanks of the volcano. The impact touched off an . . . — Map (db m58113) HM|
|California (Shasta County), Shingletown — Hot Rock|
|Following the May 1915 Lassen Peak eruptions, B.F. Loomis and other local residents discovered several massive hot rocks resting in the valley miles from the volcano. This hot rock is a piece of dacite lava that filled Lassen Peak’s crater. On May 14, 1915, lava began welling up and plugged the volcano’s crater. Pent-up gases within the volcano blasted and shattered the lava cap on May 19.
Careening down the mountainside, hot lava rocks touched off a snow avalanche. The avalanche carried . . . — Map (db m58114) HM|
|California (Ventura County), Santa Paula — Saint Francis Dam Disaster Memorial|
|Minutes before midnight on the chilly evening of March 12, 1928, the St. Francis Dam failed. The dam's 200-foot high concrete wall crumpled and collapsed, sending billions of gallons of raging flood waters down San Francisquito Canyon, about five miles northeast of what is now the city of Santa Clarita. The avalanche of water swept 54 miles down the Santa Clara River to the sea. No one knows the exact death toll but more than 450 people perished in the disaster.
Shortly before 1:30 a.m. on . . . — Map (db m54568) HM|
|California (Yolo County), West Sacramento — Flood Control — West Sacramento River Walk|
|On January 15, 1850, the fledging City of Sacramento, consisting mostly of tents and simple wooden buildings, stood in 6 feet of water. Two weeks later, the community pledged $200,000 to levee construction. But before the levee system could be completely developed, the city was inundated 3 more times – In 1852-3, 1861-2, and 1867-8. Eventually, the levee construction was completed and the low-lying areas along the waterfront were filled in, resulting in the city’s downtown streets being . . . — Map (db m15720) HM|
|California (Yolo County), Winters — Cradwick Building|
|Between 1889 and 1891, John Cradwick developed this large two-story block, possibly utilizing prior one story structures already present on the three-lot site.
Born in England in 1829, John Cradwick settled in the Winters area in 1875 where he farmed and established a brick-making business. Teaming with local contractor, Alex Ritchie, Cradwick utilized his brick masonry skills to erect this building.
Early businesses occupying the building included the Winters Bakery, the Phoenix General . . . — Map (db m40145) HM|
|California (Yuba County), Marysville — River Pumps|
|In 1895 pumps were installed at the confluence of the Yuba and Feather Rivers to protect the City of Marysville from the danger of flooding.
These pumps with a capacity to pump 18,265 gallons per minute, helped to keep Marysville dry during the Great Floods of 1955.
Dedicated the 4th Day of April, 1990
The Rotary Club of Marysville — Map (db m17741) HM|
|Colorado (La Plata County), Durango — Lime Creek Burn 1879|
|This man-caused forest fire burned 26,000 acres consuming approximately 150,000,000 board-feet of timber. Reforestation by direct seeding and planting of seedling trees was started in 1911 and continues today.
The project was financed by federal funds and contributions from the conservation-minded Colorado Federation of Women's Clubs. — Map (db m58966) HM|
|Colorado (Teller County), Victor — Fire!|
| Up In Flames
Victor was founded in 1893 at the foot of Battle Mountain – a stone’s throw from where the richest gold mines in the Gold Camp were eventually located. Underground mining was very labor intensive so, like many gold rush boom towns, Victor grew almost overnight from a crude mining camp with a haphazard collection of tents and shacks, to one of the most prosperous and populous cities in Colorado. For a short time, Victor was the fifth largest city in the State.|
In . . . — Map (db m46798) HM
|Connecticut (Litchfield County), Bantam — Site of Methodist Church|
|On This Site Stood
The Methodist Church
Which Was Destroyed
By The Tornado Of
July 10, 1989 — Map (db m58645) HM|
|Connecticut (Litchfield County), Cornwall — This Tree|
| This tree is dedicated to the people and community spirit that helped Cornwall recover from the July 10, 1989 tornado. Town leaders at that time were:
Richard Dakin First Selectman
Patsy Van Doren Selectman
Steve Hedden Selectman
Barbara Dakin Town Clerk
Cary Hepprich Fire Chief
Rick Washburn Assistant Fire Chief
David Williamson Civil Preparedness Director
Joe Matyas Highway Foreman
July 10, 1999 — Map (db m41830) HM|
|Connecticut (Litchfield County), Torrington — The Flood of August 19, 1955|
| "So numerous were the many acts of heroism, rescue of the sick and invalid, neighbors' concern for neighbors, that it would be impossible to chronicle them with slighting someone deserving of great credit." - Torrington Register, August 26, 1955 It was the worst natural disaster in Torrington's history, as two tropical storms dropped 23 inches of rain on Torrington within a period of one week. Some low-lying areas were flooded on August 18, 1955, but later that night and into the . . . — Map (db m54559) HM|
|Delaware (Sussex County), Lewes — SC221 — The Blizzard of 1888|
|Known as the “Great White Hurricane,” the Blizzard of 1888 was one of the most devastating weather events in recorded history. Affecting coastal states from Virginia to Maine, this paralyzing storm resulted in widespread death and destruction. With its large stone Breakwater providing a buffer from heavy seas, the harbor at Lewes was considered to be one of the safest on the Atlantic seaboard at the time. For the ships that sought shelter here during the blizzard, it would be the . . . — Map (db m19316) HM|
|District of Columbia (Washington), The National Mall — Why is the Washington Monument Temporarily Closed?|
| On August 23, 2011, a magnitude 5.8 earthquake centered in Virginia sent tremors throughout eastern North America. This seismic activity affected a number of Washington, D.C. landmarks, including the Washington Monument. National Park Service engineers and experts in historic preservation and earthquake engineering immediately assessed the physical impact in order to determine the best way to repair this national treasure and restore public access. Completed by the U.S. Army Corps of . . . — Map (db m49459) HM|
|District of Columbia (Washington), The National Mall — Why is the Washington Monument Temporarily Closed?|
| On August 23, 2011, a magnitude 5.8 earthquake centered in Virginia sent tremors throughout eastern North America. This seismic activity affected a number of Washington, D.C. landmarks, including the Washington Monument. National Park Service engineers and experts in historic preservation and earthquake engineering immediately assessed the physical impact in order to determine the best way to repair this national treasure and restore public access. Completed by the U.S. Army Corps of . . . — Map (db m49521) HM|
|District of Columbia (Washington), The National Mall — Why is the Washington Monument Temporarily Closed?|
| On August 23, 2011, a magnitude 5.8 earthquake centered in Virginia sent tremors throughout eastern North America. This seismic activity affected a number of Washington, D.C. Landmarks, including the Washington Monument. National Park Service engineers and experts in historic preservation and earthquake engineering immediately assessed the physical impact in order to determine the best way to repair this national treasure and restore public access. Completed by the U.S. Army Corps of . . . — Map (db m53727) HM|
|Florida (Duval County), Jacksonville — F-433 — Jacksonville's 1901 Fire — "The Great Fire"|
|On May 3, 1901 at 12:30 p.m., a fire began at the Cleaveland Fibre Factory, ten blocks northwest of this site. Chimney embers ignited sun-dried moss to be used as mattress stuffing. Fueled by wind and dry weather, the fire roared east destroying most structures in its path. By 3:30 p.m., the fire reached this site, then called Hemming Park. The park and its renowned live oaks were devoured by the flames and only the Confederate Monument survived, its base glowing red from heat. The fire . . . — Map (db m58013) HM|
|Florida (Indian River County), Orchid — F-222 — Site of Survivors’ and Salvagers’ Camp — The 1715 Fleet|
|Late in July, 1715, a hurricane destroyed a fleet of eleven or possibly twelve homeward bound merchant ships carrying cargoes of gold and silver coinage and other valuable items from the American colonies to Spain. About 1500 men, women, and children who survived the disaster and reached the shore made their camp along the barrier island near the place where the fleet’s flagship had sunk. Governor General Corcoles sent a relief party composed chiefly of Indian auxiliaries from St. Augustine to . . . — Map (db m14306) HM|
|Florida (Monroe County), Islamadora — The Florida Keys Memorial|
|The Florida Keys Memorial, known locally as the “Hurricane Monument,” was built to honor hundreds of American veterans and local civilians who perished in the “Great Hurricane” on Labor Day, September 2, 1935. Islamadora sustained winds of 200 miles per hour and a barometer reading of 26.35 inches for several hours on that fateful holiday; most local buildings and the Florida East Coast Railway were destroyed by what remains the most savage hurricane on record. Hundreds . . . — Map (db m3251) HM|
|Florida (Volusia County), Ponce Inlet — Hotel Inlet Terrace — Bob Pacetti's Dream|
|This terra cotta wall is all that remains of what was to be a grandiose hotel and resort. It was started during the great land boom of the 1920's. The developer, Robert (Bob) Pacetti was a native of this area. His ancestors first came to this country with the British Turnbull colony of New Smyrna in 1768. His grandfather, Bartola Clemente Pacetti, settled on the A. Pons (Ponce) Spanish land grant near here in 1840. Portions of the grant were sold in the 1870's, but this area, (Lighthouse Point . . . — Map (db m52457) HM|
|Georgia (Catoosa County), Fort Oglethorpe — Mix-up in the Union Command — An unwise order created a perilous gap in the Union line|
|Shortly before 11:00 a.m. on September 20, Maj. Gen. William S. Rosecrans, the Union commander, received an erroneous report that Brig. Gen. John M. Brannan's division was out of position, which would have created a gap in the Union battle line. In fact, Brannan's men were concealed in the woods behind you - right where they should have been. Brannan's line is marked along this road today by monuments and cannon.
In a move to close the supposed gap, Rosecrans dispatched an order to . . . — Map (db m65628) HM|
|Georgia (Chatham County), Pooler — Base Air Depot No. 2 Station 582 USAAF — Warton, England|
BAD 2 Warton, England, was established under the 8th Air Force Service Command, September 5, 1942. Its mission: the modification and repair of military aircraft. War planes coming from the United States would be adapted to meet special requirements of the European Theater of Operations. Battle damaged aircraft would have to be repaired, perhaps whole sections rebuilt. A ferrying squadron was needed to get planes to Warton (from fields where they originally landed) and . . . — Map (db m17126) HM|
|Georgia (Fulton County), Atlanta — Shotgun Houses — 472 - 488 Auburn Avenue|
These duplexes are typical of the houses where Atlanta's blue-collar laborers lived in the early 1900s. The Empire Textile Co. built them for its white mill workers, but they moved out after the 1906 Atlanta race riot, and blacks began renting them. The houses generally are one room wide and up to four rooms deep. They are called "shotgun" houses because the interior and exterior doorways are aligned, so a shot supposedly could be fired through them from front to back. Another theory is . . . — Map (db m64774) HM|
|Georgia (Fulton County), Atlanta — 060-175 — The Winecoff Fire|
|This is the site of the worst hotel fire in U.S. history. In the predawn hours of December 7, 1946, the Winecoff Hotel fire killed 119 people. The 15-story building still stands adjacent to this marker. At the time, this building had neither fire escapes, fire doors, nor sprinklers. For two and a half hours, Atlanta fire fighters and others from nearby towns battled valiantly in the cold to save the majority of the 280 guests. But their ladders reached only to the eighth floor and their nets . . . — Map (db m59667) HM|
|Georgia (McIntosh County), Crescent — 095-12 — Baisden's Bluff Academy|
|Located a short distance East of here, near the River, Baisden`s Bluff Academy was the main educational institution in McIntosh County in the early years of the 19th century. A Boarding School, operating the year round, its roll held the names of prominent families of this county and from the adjoining areas. "Mr. Linder" was Principal. General Francis Hopkins, Wm. A. Dunham, James Dunwoody, James Smith and Jacob Wood were Commissioners. In 1823 torrential rains washed the dormitory into the . . . — Map (db m60298) HM|
|Georgia (Paulding County), New Hope — The Worst Aircraft Disaster in Georgia History — April 4, 1977|
On April 4, 1977 a DC-9 Southern Airways Flight 242 flying from Huntsville, AL to Atlanta encountered a dangerous thunderstorm over Rome, GA. The hail and rain the aircraft endured was so severe that both engines flamed out and the aircraft quickly lost altitude. The flight crew desperately attempted to land the DC-9 on GA 92 Spur, now known as GA 381 which runs through the community of New Hope.
The result was the worst aircraft disaster in GA history claiming 72 lives . . . — Map (db m62977) HM|
|Georgia (Stephens County), Toccoa — In Loving Remembrance|
|In loving remembrance
of those who lost
their lives in the Flood
November 6, 1977
William L. Ehrensberger
Peggy Ann Ehrensberger
David Fledder Johann
Mary Jo Ginther
Cary E. Hanna
Ruth Moore . . . — Map (db m63462) HM|
|Georgia (Stephens County), Toccoa — Kelly Barnes Dam Break Monument|
|Toccoa Falls College presents
this memorial marker to
the Toccoa-Stephens County
Community, and to our friends
everywhere, in order to
our eternal gratitude.
We most gratefully acknowledge
the generosity of the people
of Toccoa and Stephens County,
and countless others, who gave
personal, material, and financial
aid at the time of the tragic
flood of November 6, 1977,
which took 39 lives and
devastated the college campus.
Your sacrifices and support . . . — Map (db m63332) HM|
|Georgia (Stephens County), Toccoa — Kelly Dam Disaster|
On the morning of Nov. 6, 1977, the dam holding back the lake above the falls broke. The forty acres of water surged down over the falls, through the park, down the valley through the campus, leaving in its wake 39 dead and 60 injured. All of the dead and injured were connected in some way with Toccoa Falls College. When the tragedy occurred, thousands of people from all over the world rose to the aid of the college and surrounding community. Over three million dollars in public and private . . . — Map (db m63465) HM|
|Georgia (Stephens County), Toccoa — The Tents — Life After the Fire|
| Following the Haddock Inn fire, the battle for the school's survival began. The immediate need was housing. God provided the perfect answer by bringing to Dr. Forrest's mind the idea of using tents. He contacted a tent company in Atlanta, Georgia, and purchased enough tents for students, faculty, and classrooms. With the kitchen and dining room set up in Miss Staley's home, the school was ready to continue.
Dr. Forrest explained, "The tents were far more durable and comfortable than most . . . — Map (db m64344) HM|
|Idaho (Lemhi County), North Fork — In memory of Jeff Allen and Shane Heath|
|In memory of
Jeff Allen and Shane Heath,
Indianola Helitack Crew members,
lost in the Cramer Fire near here on July 22, 2003.
This will be a lasting place of remembrance and gratitude for their lives and service, a place for wildland firefighters to reflect in their memory, and a reminder to all who are involved with firefighting -from those on the line to those up the line - to find a way to bring everyone back safely from every fire.
Jeff "Phro" Allen
January 17, . . . — Map (db m59865) HM|
|Idaho (Shoshone County), Avery — A Changing Landscape|
“Change is inevitable. Change is constant.” Benjamin Disraeli
At the beginning of the 20th century, majestic western white pine, western larch and western red cedar, some over 400 years old, along with Douglas-fir and grand fir carpeted the Bitterroots.
As the railroad built their mainline over these mountains in 1907-09 the Forest Service began harvesting white pine seeds from the lush hills to re-seed other forests. But the devastating 1910 fire killed most . . . — Map (db m45563) HM|
|Idaho (Shoshone County), Avery — Man’s Mark on the Land|
|If you stood on this spot with a railroad surveyor in 1906, you would have gazed across a lush patchwork forest of large trees. The super hot 1910 fires burned the valley below and for years afterward the area presented travelers with a bleak view of black snags and thick brush. Today it takes a trained eye to recognize all of the changes caused by man in this valley.
The newly formed Forest Service had a lot to learn about planting trees in 1910. The foresters experimented on this ravaged . . . — Map (db m45567) HM|
|Idaho (Shoshone County), Avery — The 1910 Fires|
One of the largest forest fires in the history of the United States
...swept over Idaho and Montana on August 20 and 21, 1910, including the area where you now stand. The fire burned three million acres, destroyed eight billion board feet of timber and killed 86 people. Hurricane-force winds shot fireballs for miles across the mountains. The sky turned dark as far east as Colorado. An army of 10,000 firefighters made dramatic, but ultimately futile efforts to stop the blaze. . . . — Map (db m45615) HM|
|Idaho (Shoshone County), Avery — The Big Blowup|
|The forest fires of August, 1910, burned millions of acres in Idaho, Montana and Washington. On the night of August 20, engineer Johnnie Mackedon, returning from a trip to St. Paul Pass, found the Falcon siding on fire. Over one hundred terrified men, women and children were gathered on the platform of the smoldering depot. He coupled to a flatcar on the adjoining siding and everyone scrambled on board for a harrowing ride to the safety of Tunnel 27.
“Why, all that you could see . . . — Map (db m45617) HM|
|Idaho (Shoshone County), Avery — World Class Workers|
Who’s Been Working On The Railroad?
If you stood here sometime between 1907 and 1911, you would have heard a multitude of languages.
The hundreds of people employed during the construction of the Milwaukee Road included; Italians, Bulgarians, Japanese, Serbs, Croatians, Montenegrins, Austrians, Swedes, Irish, English, French Canadians, Hungarians, Belgians, Norwegians, Russian, Greeks, Germans, Polish, Spanish, Scotch, Dutch, Finnish, and still others.
The railroad’s . . . — Map (db m45637) HM|
|Idaho (Shoshone County), Avery — You want to be a Ranger?|
Do you have the right stuff to be a FOREST RANGER?!
Forest Service District Rangers today are resource professionals. She/he could be a forester, fish or wildlife biologist, hydrologist, botanist, landscape architect or other professional.
Teams of specialists with expertise in public participation, forestry, recreation, scenic quality, engineering, fire, hydrology, wildlife and botany participate in land management planning for large areas on the National Forest.
The . . . — Map (db m45643) HM|
|Illinois (Alexander County), Cairo — The Meeting of the Rivers|
|Long known to the Indian who used the two great rivers as his highways for trade and war, this junction of the Ohio and the Mississippi was first sighted by Europeans when Marquette and Joliet glided past in 1673. Ten years later La Salle explored the area and established France's claim to the Mississippi Valley. From that time on this confluence was recognized as a strategic site for settlement and fortification. George Rogers Clark, following the capture of Kaskaskia in 1778, stationed armed . . . — Map (db m19390) HM|
|Illinois (Christian County), Moweaqua — Moweaqua Coal Mine Disaster|
|This is the site of the Moweaqua Coal Mine Disaster which on December 24, 1932, took the lives of all 54 miners entering the mine that day. The Moweaqua Coal Mine was Shelby County's largest. An unprecedented drop in barometric pressure allowed methane gas to escape into the mine. The explosion occurred at 8 a.m. when the gas was ignited by open flame carbide lights. Efforts of rescue teams searching for survivors were in vain, although all bodies were recovered. This marked the end of the era of open flame carbide lights. — Map (db m55619) HM|
|Illinois (Christian County), Moweaqua — Moweaqua Coal Mine Disaster Memorial|
Coal was discovered in Moweaqua in 1886
With mining operations beginning in 1891
The method of mining was room and pillar
At a depth of 620 feet
Haulage was by mule and motor
On Christmas Eve 1932 an explosion in the mine
Claimed the lives of these men
Mining operations ceased in 1935
And since that time all evidence of coal operations
In Moweaqua has disappeared
James Birley • Michael Krajnack
Thomas Birley • Joseph Krall
Kenneth Board • Carl McDonald
George . . . — Map (db m55635) HM|
|Illinois (Cook County), Chicago — Catholic Cemetery — Hidden Truths — The Chicago City Cemetery and Lincoln Park, Then and Now|
|Chicago's early Catholic Cemetery ran from North Av. south to Schiller St., and Dearborn St. to the lake, now Astor St. Established in 1845, it existed until the 1871 Chicago Fire charred the grounds. Like the City Cemetery to the north, not all remains were exhumed as had been assumed. Skeletal fragments have been unearthed during construction projects in nearly every decade since the 1890's.
This two-part project by Pamela Bannos continues on the Internet: http://hiddentruths.northwestern.edu — Map (db m10665) HM|
|Illinois (Cook County), Chicago — Couch Tomb — Hidden Truths — The Chicago City Cemetery and Lincoln Park, Then and Now|
|This stone vault is the oldest structure standing within the Chicago Fire zone. It was erected in 1858 for Ira Couch, a wealthy hotelier who died at age 50 while wintering in Cuba. Though some theories exist, there is no official answer as to why this tomb was left behind on the site of the Chicago City Cemetery. Varying accounts of the number entombed suggest 7 to 13 or merely Ira alone.
This two-part project by Pamela Bannos continues on the Internet: http:/hiddentruths.northwestern.edu — Map (db m10664) HM|
|Illinois (Cook County), Chicago — 3 — Old Town and The Great Fire (#3)|
|On October 7, 1871, the Great Fire of Chicago started on the south side of the city and continued north. As the fire approached Old Town, the bells of St. Michael’s Church began to toll. The walls of church survived, but the interior was destroyed. The church bells melted in the intense heat. Much of the Old Town neighborhood was destroyed. As Chicago began to rebuild, wealthy families from the south and west sides of the city began moving into the area. With the neighborhood’s population and . . . — Map (db m47605) HM|
|Illinois (Cook County), Chicago — The 1992 River West Gas Fires|
|At 4 P.M. on January 17, 1992, a series of explosions and fires ravaged the River West community. The fires were in an area bounded by the Chicago River, the Kennedy Expressway, and Kinzie and Division Streets. The devastation was caused by over-pressurization in the natural gas pipelines leading to homes and businesses.
Two-hundred and twenty-five fire fighters responded to the emergency. The disaster resulted in 4 fatalities and 18 buildings destroyed or damaged.
Initially the . . . — Map (db m61460) HM|
|Illinois (Sangamon County), Springfield — Lincoln-Era Fire Companies|
| Lincoln's Springfield was vulnerable to fire, Crowded wood-frame buildings, open flames in stoves, fireplaces, candles, and primitive gas lighting ineffective alarms, muddy streets, and inadequate water supplies---all combined to make fires potentially devastating. Springfield had its share of fires. In 1855 a portion of the block west of the statehouse burned down, prompting citizens to become more serious about fire threats. Still, it took two more years to collect subscriptions . . . — Map (db m57167) HM|
|Illinois (White County), Grayville — "Empire Corner"|
The first trading post was established here in 1830 by James Gray and Robert Walden. A post office was opened here in 1836. Later, a two-story frame building was erected here by the Empire Milling Company and this corner was known as 'Empire Corner.' That building burned in 1884, was re-built in 1886 and burned again in 1888. Another building was erected in 1895, but was destroyed by fire in 2003.
— Map (db m61809) HM|
|Indiana (Allen County), Fort Wayne — First Americans|
|The confluence area of the Three Rivers was known to the native people since as early as the end of the last Ice Age, more than 10,000 years ago. As the glaciers melted and receded, they paused here creating a high point in the topography of the land. Early native people followed the edge of the glacier taking advantage of the food sources it provided, such as vegetation and wild game. The St. Mary's and St. Joseph Rivers join a few hundred yards east of this point and form the Maumee River . . . — Map (db m17064) HM|
|Indiana (Allen County), Fort Wayne — Flood Retention Walls|
|The concrete retention walls at the north end of the plaza will help downtown Fort Wayne withstand future flooding when the rivers rise. They were constructed where sandbaggers and volunteers worked during the flood of 1982 to build a dike to protect the National Guard Armory and other buildings on this site. The flood protection walls, spanning both sides of the Headwaters Park Plaza, are dedicated to the people who helped Fort Wayne become known as the city that saved itself. — Map (db m17061) HM|
|Indiana (Allen County), Fort Wayne — The Floods|
|Most often the rivers here brought prosperity. They are the reason humanbeings settled here; established a land portage to connect with the Wabash River system; and attracted the canal followed by rails, highways, industry, and homes. They brought good, industrious people such as Johnny “Appleseed” Chapman, who was seen in 1830 arriving near this point on the Maumee River with his small boat laden with apple seeds. One significant flood recorded in the Three Rivers area occurred in . . . — Map (db m17030) HM|
|Indiana (Pike County), Petersburg — June 2, 1990 Tornado Memorial|
|In memory of those who were
killed by the June 2, 1990 Tornado which
Devastated Petersburg, In.
Frank P. Mallott • Albin Harper • Emma Willis •
Marjorie P. Mallott •
Giles Evans •
Billie Minniear •
Sarah E. Hilgeman — Map (db m23563) HM|
|Indiana (Wells County), Bluffton — Pickett's Run|
Neither Pickett's Run nor any other stream appears in the Original Plat Map of Bluffton of 1839. The only known map of early Bluffton depicting a stream, reproduced here, was printed in the 1876 ILLUSTRATED HISTORICAL ATLAS OF THE STATE OF INDIANA.
This natural waterway proved too convenient as an open sewer. By the late 1800s, newspaper accounts referred to Pickett's Run as "The old eyesore." A City Council tour of the stream in the summer of 1891 "found it in a . . . — Map (db m63936) HM|
|Kansas (Allen County), Humboldt — Colonel Irvine|
| Confederate Col. Irvine invited himself to supper at the Wakefield's, sparing the house from burning. — Map (db m57480) HM|
|Kansas (Allen County), Humboldt — Kate Burnett|
| Kate Burnett saved $25,000 in land warrants by hiding them in tall grass behind Land Office. — Map (db m57463) HM|
|Kansas (Allen County), Humboldt — Sad Saga of Vegetarian Creek — .7M South Turn Left|
| In Mid-March, 1856, the first emigrants of the Vegetarian Settlement Company set out for the Neosho River Valley in Kansas Territory. Henry S. Clubb promoted Kans. Terr. as a permanent home for believers in Vegetarianism, hydropahty, and abstinence from alcohol, tobacco, tea, coffee, and fowl and dairy products. Farms of 102 acres, radiating from an Octagon-shaped center were planned. Clubb's promises of streets, grist-mill, sawmill, and temporary housing for the 60 families (some 150 . . . — Map (db m57499) HM|
|Kansas (Allen County), Humboldt — Sophia Fussman|
| During burning of Humboldt, Sophia Fussman saved valuables on a feather bed thrown down her well. — Map (db m57470) HM|
|Kansas (Barber County), Medicine Lodge — The First National Bank|
The Merchants' and Drovers' Bank was the first bank in Medicine Lodge, established in October, 1880, by H.M. Hickman from Wellington. It closed on January 10, 1882. Two days later the Medicine Valley Bank was formed with Wylie Payne, President; George Geppert, Cashier; and Frank Chapin, Assistant Cashier. In August, 1882, construction was begun on the southwest corner of Main Street and Kansas Avenue. A fine bank building was completed in March 1883. Tragedy struck on April 30, 1884, when . . . — Map (db m65130) HM|
|Kansas (Harper County), Anthony — September 11, 2001 Memorial|
The day dawned clear and bright. But September 11, 2001 quickly became one of the darkest days in America's history. As the people of Anthony, Kansas went about their morning business, 19 men steeped in hatred and anger, carried out the evil preached to them by a terrorist who corrupted his own religion to justify his evil acts.
At 7:46 AM Anthony time, American Airlines Flight 11, hijacked by 5 terrorists, flew into the North Tower of the World Trade Center in New York City, killing all . . . — Map (db m62856) HM WM|
|Kansas (Johnson County), Stilwell — Quantrill's Raids and the Military Road — 1862|
In Spring, 1862, William Clarke Quantrill, confederate guerrilla, led raids in and about Aubry, taking an uncounted toll of lives and property. Union troops seeking the raiders camped often along the military road (now Metcalf) from Fort Leavenworth to Fort Scott. Union retaliation provoked Bill Anderson of Aubry to join Quantrill. Later he became known as Blood Bill. — Map (db m64012) HM|
|Kansas (Kingman County), Kingman — Land of the Buffalo|
Before this became a great agricultural country its most important product was the buffalo. Millions of these animals grazed over the prairies, moving in great herds that stretched from horizon to horizon. They were life itself to the Plains Indians who ate their meat, dressed in their hides and used their bones and sinews for countless purposes. Indians killed only what they needed, but wasteful white hunters slaughtered indiscriminately, sometimes using only the tongues of the dead . . . — Map (db m62657) HM|
|Kansas (Kingman County), Norwich — City of Norwich Fire Bell|
This bell was purchased from the C and S Bell Co. by the City of Norwich in 1912 for use as a firebell. It was used until it was replaced by an electric siren in 1939. This monument was erected in 1985 by the Norwich Jaycees in honor of Norwichs [sic] progress in the first 100 years. — Map (db m62699) HM|
|Kansas (Kiowa County), Greensburg — 2007 Greensburg EF5 Tornado|
Memorialized are the names of
Our Friends, Neighbors, and Relatives
That perished in the Tornado of
May 4, 2007, Greensburg, Kansas
In Loving Memory
Claude Hopkins, 79 • Larry Hoskins, 51
Evelyn Kelly, 75 • David Lyon, 48
Colleen Panzer, 77 • Ron Rediger, 57
Harold Schmidt, 77 • Sarah Tackett, 72
Beverly Volz, 52 • Richard Fry, 62
On the night of May 4, 2007, 95 percent of our homes and . . . — Map (db m65232) HM|
|Kansas (Kiowa County), Greensburg — Ball from Big Well of Greensburg|
[Destroyed in the]
2007 — Map (db m65256) HM|
|Kansas (Kiowa County), Greensburg — S. D. Robinett Building — 1915|
has been placed on the
of Historic Places
by the United States
Department of the Interior
Respectfully restored by
Gary and Erica Goodman 2009
Dedicated to the Pioneers of
yesterday, today, and tomorrow — Map (db m65262) HM|
|Kansas (McPherson County), Lindsborg — 9/11 Memorial|
To The Heroes of 9/11
May we students in life
have such courage
to be leaders for peace
Class of 1893 — Map (db m57000) WM|
|Kansas (Montgomery County), Coffeyville — Charles Brown — In Memory Of|
Who gave his life
at this spot
October 5, 1892 — Map (db m60826) HM|
|Kansas (Montgomery County), Coffeyville — Charles T. Connelly — In Memory Of|
Who gave his life
at this spot
October 5, 1892 — Map (db m60830) HM|
|Kansas (Montgomery County), Coffeyville — Dalton Gang and Defenders Graves|
On October 5, 1892, the five-member Dalton Gang rode into Coffeyville planning to rob the two banks. George Cubine and Charles Brown, two of Coffeyville's citizens killed while defending their town against the notorious gang, are buried here in Elmwood Cemetery.
Other defenders killed were City Marshal Charles Connelly, buried in Independence, KS, and Lucius Baldwin, buried in Burlington, KS. Three other citizens were wounded.
The family of Dick Broadwell, the remaining gang member, . . . — Map (db m60835) HM|
|Kansas (Montgomery County), Coffeyville — George B. Cubine — In Memory Of|
Who gave his life
at this spot
October 5, 1892 — Map (db m60823) HM|
|Kansas (Montgomery County), Coffeyville — Lucius M. Baldwin — In Memory Of|
Who gave his life
at this spot
October 5, 1892 — Map (db m60812) HM|
|Kansas (Nemaha County), Corning — Asa Clark — In Honor Of|
Born: February 15, 1873
Died: Janaury 9, 1934
Asa gave his life and service
to the City of Corning
while fulfilling his duties
as night marshall — Map (db m63831) HM|
|Kansas (Pratt County), Pratt — Heroic Efforts of B-26 Aircrew|
Lt. Jack G. Shriver, Lt. Robert W. Cunard & Sgt. Clyde M. Stephenson's heroic efforts on Sept. 23, 1943 kept their crippled B-26 bomber flying over downtown Pratt until crashing one mile south of the city.
[They were killed in the crash] — Map (db m65083) HM WM|
|Kansas (Pratt County), Pratt — Training Fatalities - Pratt Army Air Field|
| Sgt. Allen, Warren G.
South Gate, Calif.
Lt. Barnett, Irwin L.
PFC Baumgartner, Carl D.
Major Boren, William T.
Sgt. Calhoun, Benjamin P.
Lt. Cannon Jr., Earl F.
Capt. Christman, Luther D.
Sgt. Cushman, Robert A.
Sgt. De Stefano, Domenic
F/O Di Benedetto, Henry
Sgt. Duncanson Jr., Wm. M.
Sgt. Ford, . . . — Map (db m65071) WM|
|Kansas (Reno County), Hutchinson — Hutchinson Gas Crisis|
Gas escaping under pressure from storage facilities 4 miles away traveled underground and emerged through the open well inside the building. The gas ignited, producing a large explosion and initiating the Hutchinson Gas Crisis on January 17, 2001. City employees, public safety officials, and non-profit organizations worked tirelessly to determine the nature and source of the gas, and to ensure the safety of Hutchinson residents. The land for this parking lot was donated to the city by . . . — Map (db m63473) HM|
|Kansas (Scott County), Scott State Park — Pueblo Floor Plan|
Stone from the surrounding hills was used to build El Cuartelejo pueblo. The walls were plastered inside and out with adobe and the roof was made of willow poles or brush covered with mud. When first excavated in [sic] abundant charcoal, burned tools and adobe and quantities of charred corn were found, all evidences that the pueblo had been destroyed by fire. There were no indications of doors or windows, and small paired post holes in the corners of most rooms suggested entrance by ladders . . . — Map (db m65953) HM|
|Kansas (Sedgwick County), Wichita — Engine House #6 — Kansas Firefighters Museum — Wichita Fire Department|
This property has been placed on the
National Register of Historic Places
by the United States
Department of the Interior
Kansas Preservation Alliance Award for Excellence
The benches on the Memorial Plaza
have been placed here in memory of
loved ones lost. These benches are
the result of many very generous
donations. Our sincere appreciation and
thanks to all who made this possible.
When you rest on the benches, take a
moment and think kindly of all the . . . — Map (db m56429) HM|
|Kansas (Sedgwick County), Wichita — Memorial '70 — To Those Who Died in Colorado October 2, 1970|
Marvin G. Brown, Jr. • Donald E. Christian • John W. Duren • Martin E. Harrison • Ronald G. Johnson • Randall B. Kiesau • Malory W. Kimmel • Carl R. Krueger • Stephan A. Moore • Thomas B. Owen, Jr. • Eugene Robinson • Thomas T. Shedden • Richard N. Stines • John R. Taylor • Jack R. Vetter
Carl G. Fahrbach • Floyd W. Farmer • Albert C. and Marion Katzenmeyer • Thomas A. Reeves • Ben and Helen Wilson • Ramon P. and Maxine Coleman • John W. and Etta Mae Grooms • Raymond E. and Yvonne King • . . . — Map (db m56277) HM|
|Kansas (Sedgwick County), Wichita — Remember Pearl Harbor — A Day That Will Live In Infamy — Dec. 7, 1941|
Casualties United States
Army - 218 Killed • 364 Wounded
Navy - 2008 Killed • 710 Wounded
Marine - 109 Killed • 69 Wounded
Civilian - 68 Killed • 36 Wounded
Lest We Forget — Map (db m56621) HM|
|Kansas (Seward County), Liberal — War Memorial|
Dedicated to the memory of
those who offered their lives
in the service of our country
In memory of
Maidenhead, Berkshire, England;
New York City Fire Department;
New York City Police Department;
and all those who gave
their lives on behalf of our
Country on September 11, 2001 — Map (db m65687) WM|
|Kansas (Shawnee County), Topeka — Topeka Tornado Victims — In Memory|
This memorial is given as a
tribute for those who worked
unselfishly in restoring our
city to normalcy, and as
a memorial to those who
lost their lives in the
tornado of June 8, 1966.
Lisle Grauer • Mary Beasley
Craig Beymer • Calvin Wolfe
John Wells • John Scheibe
W. R. Crouch • Gereford Lee
John D. Culver • Sterling Taylor
Edward J. Lyons • Hattie Anderson
Mrs. Calvin Wolfe • George A. Sklenicka
Oliver J. Milton • Mrs. Bertha Whitney
Donated to the citizens . . . — Map (db m47334) HM|
|Kentucky (Fulton County), Hickman — 688 — New Madrid Earthquake|
|The greatest earthquake recorded in North America centered in this area Dec. 16, 1811 to Feb. 7, 1812. 1,874 quakes felt at Louisville, 250 miles away. Tremors also felt at Boston, Detroit, New Orleans. Reelfoot Lake, covering 25,000 acres, formed when some streams changed courses. New Madrid, Mo., destroyed; very few persons died, as population of area was sparse. — Map (db m18409) HM|
|Kentucky (Hickman County), Columbus — 1398 — Columbus|
|First entire town in Kentucky to be moved from one site to another. In 1927, after the most severe flood in its history, Columbus was moved from the banks of the river to this bluff, 200 feet above, by the American Red Cross at a cost of $100,000. The relocation was under the supervision of Marion Rust, national Red Cross representative. — Map (db m18466) HM|
|Kentucky (Hickman County), Columbus — Earthquakes Along the Mississippi|
|Why are there quakes along the Mississippi River? Geologists have many theories but do not know why quakes occur around New Madrid, Missouri. They do agree that the geology of the Mississippi valley is unique because of Reelfoot rift and the Mississippi embayment area. Reelfoot rift developed 1.2 billion years ago. A rift is a system of fractures or faults in the earth's crust that develop when crustal plates pull apart. When Reelfoot rift formed, semi-molten material from the earth's . . . — Map (db m37170) HM|
|Kentucky (Hickman County), Columbus — The History of Columbus, Kentucky|
|Settlement and Early Growth The French explorers Marquette and Joliet first explored the area around Columbus in 1673. The French gave Columbus the name "Iron Banks," believing the color of the banks indicated the presence of iron. In 1783, the Virginia legislature authorized a town to be laid out on Iron Banks. This eventually became Columbus. The survey began in 1784, but only the corners were set because of Chickasaw attacks. Thirty years passed before another effort was made to settle . . . — Map (db m37014) HM|
|Kentucky (McCracken County), Paducah — Paducah 1937 Flood|
|While the river has usually been Paducah's best friend, flood waters turned it into the community's enemy in 1884, 1913, and again 1937. The area's most devastating event of the twentieth century was the flood of 1937 when 90% of Paducah was covered with flood waters. Over 27,000 residents were evacuated. After six weeks of rain in the Ohio River Valley, the river crested at 60.8 feet, nearly 11 feet above the elevation of this present sidewalk. National Geographic featured a photo of a . . . — Map (db m49518) HM|
|Louisiana (Jefferson Parish), Grand Isle — Cheniere Caminada Cemetery|
|Settled by indians,"Isle of the Chitamichas" was later owned by Francisco Caminada. Known as "Chico Isle", as "Chita", as Caminadaville. It was home to pirates, fishermen and farmers. On Oct. 1,1893, a fast moving, late season hurricane from the southwestern gulf swept in winds, a tidal surge and waves that destroyed all but 13 of over 300 family homes and killed over 750 of the 1500 inhabitants. Some were swept out to sea. Most were buried in mass graves in this cemetery. Some surviving . . . — Map (db m62038) HM|
|Louisiana (Orleans Parish), New Orleans — London Avenue Canal Floodwall Breach|
|On August 29, 2005, tidal surge from Hurricane Katrina exposed design flaws in the London Avenue Canal foodwall, part of the Federal Flood Protection System. The floodwater killed many Gentilly residents and their beloved pets. The breach was one of 50 in the System that occurred that day.|
In 2008, the US District Court, Eastern District of Louisiana, placed responsibility for this floodwall's collapse squarely on the US Army Corps of Engineers; however, the agency is protected from financial liability in the Flood Control Act of 1928. — Map (db m46064) HM
|Maine (Hancock County), Bar Harbor — The 1947 Fire|
|In October 1947 a series of fires lasting 26 days blazed across more than 25 square miles of Mount Desert Island. The fire seriously threatened Bar harbor, and transformed most of the landscape before you into an apparent wasteland. It consumed 170 homes of year-round residents. Over 60 summer mansions burned, leaving only chimneys and garden statues standing. One-third of the park woodlands burned before the flames died at the ocean's edge. A forest of birch, aspen, and other hardwoods . . . — Map (db m25478) HM|
|Maine (Lincoln County), Pemaquid — John Cogswell and Family|
Near this site on August 14, 1635,
John Cogswell and family from
Westbury Leigh, Wiltshire, England,
first set foot in America.
They arrived on the ship Angel Gabriel,
which was wrecked here on the
following day in a violent storm. The
family settled in Ipswich, Massachusetts.
Dedicated on September 28, 1991
at Pemaquid Point, Maine by
the Cogswell Family Association.
— Map (db m35442) HM|
|Maine (Lincoln County), Pemaquid — Ralph Blaisdell and Family|
Near this site on August 15, 1635
Ralph Blaisdell and family
The ship was the Angel Gabriel
bound from Bristol, England
From here the family
went to York, Maine
and later to Salisbury,
— Map (db m35441) HM|
|Maine (Waldo County), Belfast — 24 — The Great Conflagration — The Museum in the Streets|
|Belfast artist William M. Hall's drawing of the "Great Conflagration" was published in Harper's Weekly magazine a week after the fire. At 10:30 on the night of October 12, 1865 a fire that started on the waterfront rapidly spread. Despite valiant efforts by the fire department, by next morning the inferno had leveled one hundred twenty-five buildings in a twenty-acre section of downtown. The following year, the City passed an ordinance prohibiting the building of wooden structures in . . . — Map (db m59528) HM|
|Maine (Waldo County), Searsport — Liberty Tree Memorial|
| Planted in honor of those who lost their lives in the tragic events on September 11, 2001
The American Liberty elm was named after "The Liberty Tree": Our Country's first Symbol of Freedom. On the morning of August 14, 1765, the people of Boston awakened to discover two effigies suspended from an elm tree in protest of the hated Stamp Act. From that day forward, that elm became known as the "Liberty Tree". For the next ten years, it stood in silent witness to countless meetings, speeches . . . — Map (db m55341) HM|
|Maine (Waldo County), Searsport — 14 — Searsport Cyclone — May 22, 1921 — The Museum in the Streets|
|It was about 1:30 PM - a hot still afternoon. Thunder clouds built up rapidly. A black funnel cloud appeared northwest of town. The air was full of dust and flying debris. The 1859 Phineas Pendleton House across the street was lifted 8 inches into the air and dropped back on the foundation. The cyclone took the steeple off the Methodist Church, threw a cow into the bay and picked up a barn, leaving the car inside. All this among other strange happenings before moving out to sea and causing . . . — Map (db m46658) HM|
|Maryland, Baltimore — Baltimore's Great Fire|
| Started 10-48 A.M.
February 7 1904
Under control 11-30 A.M.
February 8 1904
Property destroyed - $100 000 000
Insurance paid - $32 000 000
Acres covered - 140
Lives lost - none
Beginning at Liberty and German Streets the fire swept north to Fayette Street east to Jones Falls south to the harbor. It was one of the most destructive conflagrations in the worlds history. — Map (db m7321) HM|
|Maryland, Baltimore — On Thursday, September 18, 2003 — Hurricane Isabel, a massive Category-2 storm, slammed into the east coast.|
|With its eye located just south of the Chesapeake Bay, Isabel's high winds and tidal surge caused widespread flooding, property damage and power outages from North Carolina to New York.
Downgraded to a tropical storm by the time it hit the Chesapeake, Isabel's winds nevertheless drove water and waves up the Bay, inundating roads, homes and businesses. The impact of the storm caught everyone - even many experts - by surprise.
Why did Isabel cause more damage than the typical tropical . . . — Map (db m6454) HM|
|Maryland (Baltimore County), Catonsville — Patapsco Superlative: — "The Premiere Flour"|
|"Any Monday morning one could hear the beginnings of the stir of activity as the heavy machinery in the mill started to move, gather speed and settle into a steady rythmic rumble which was maintained at the same rate day and night until five o'clock of the following Saturday." - Thomas Phillips, former mill employee.
The ruins before you are the remains of the Orange Grove flourmill of the C.A. Gambrills Manufacturing Company. Built as a modest gristmill in 1856, the mill became . . . — Map (db m8871) HM|
|Maryland (Baltimore County), Catonsville — The Changing River Valley|
|Over the last 300 years, the now tranquil Patapsco Valley has seen dramatic changes.
During the industrial revolution, resource-hungry industries stripped trees from the hillsides to make charcoal. Every household needed wood as its lifeline for warmth and cooking - for survival.
Hillsides were left treeless, allowing mud to slither into the river, silting shipping channels, and clogging the port of Elkridge Landing. Factories dumped chemicals into the river, changing its color . . . — Map (db m8875) HM|
|Maryland (Baltimore County), Catonsville — The Destructive Power of the Patapsco|
|"[Rainfall] nearly all night with a violent gale of wind. This morning the river begins to rise. The rain pours down furiously all day. The river in a freshet, rising all the time... At night the waters very high, threatening mischief to our works." - John Pendleton Kennedy, 1859.
Washed here by Tropical Storm Agnes in 1972, these truck tanker remains are a testament to the Patapsco River's flooding power. That spring, the water rose 30 ft., scattering trees and cars, gutting houses . . . — Map (db m8870) HM|
|Maryland (Charles County), La Plata — La Plata Elementary School|
|Destroyed by a tornado on November 9, 1926. Thirteen pupils and four townspeople lost their lives and approximately thirty-five were injured. The school stood 433 feet northwest of this site on a rise in a residential area near the junction of Wicomico and Somerset Streets. The names of the pupils are memorialized on a plaque in the foyer of the Milton M. Somers School. — Map (db m39522) HM|
|Maryland (Frederick County), Emmitsburg — Fallen Firefighters Memorial|
|Dedicated October 4, 1981. National Emergency Training Center. Emmitsburg, Maryland.
"Dedicated to the thousands of Firefighters who have lost their lives in the very act of saving others."
Ronald Reagan, President.
UNITED STATES OF AMERICA — Map (db m19021) HM|
|Maryland (Frederick County), Emmitsburg — Mount Saint Mary's College|
|1808 - 1983 Dedicated to Mount Saint Mary's College Quote from Helmans History of Emmitsburg: "- The great fire occurred June 15th, 1863 it originated in the livery stable of Guthrie & Beam, consuming over fifty buildings in all; the fire commenced at eleven o'clock in the night, did not get it under control until seven in the morning; the hotel was the last to burn. People in the country heard the Church bells ring; some came within a mile of town, looking at the blazing houses, but . . . — Map (db m9619) HM|
|Maryland (Harford County), Havre de Grace — Under Attack — Star-Spangled Banner National Historic Trail|
|The British under Rear Admiral George Cockburn attacked Havre de Grace on May 3, 1813. They went from house to house, burning and confiscating belongings along the way. Beds were ripped apart, and furniture and clothing were ruined. "The hills were covered with flying, frightened and half-dressed people...Behind us the flames and smoke of the burning village, as they circled and rolled about. (fromed) dark thin clouds..." Daniel Mallory, Short Stories and Reminiscences of the Last Fifty . . . — Map (db m64142) HM|
|Maryland (Prince George's County), College Park — "May Peace Prevail on Earth" — University of Maryland|
| Spoken in the many languages of the University of Maryland, this was our collective prayer on September 12, 2001 when thousands gathered with flowers on McKeldin Mall to mourn the loss of innocent lives at the Pentagon, the World Trade Center, and on a field in Pennsylvania on September 11, 2001. This garden marks the spot where those flowers were buried. It is a place of community, hope, and remembrance. It is lovingly planted to honor those students, faculty, staff, alumni, parents, . . . — Map (db m65179) HM|
|Maryland (Prince George's County), Hyattsville — Route One, Our Hometown Main Street — City of Hyattsville|
|Records from the early 1700's indicate that a riverfront settlement named Beale Town was once located on the site that later became Hyattstown. The little outpost never achieved town status. In 1742, the residents petitioned to have a new town laid out one-half mile away at Garrison's Landing (later named Bladensburg) and Beale Town ceased to function as a legal entity.
In March 1845, Christopher Clarke Hyatt purchased his first parcel in the same area. The presence of the railroad and . . . — Map (db m14608) HM|
|Maryland (Washington County), Antietam — Lock 34, Harpers Ferry|
|Lock 34 was often referred to as "Goodheart's Lock". Willard Goodheart was the last locktender at this location. Like nearby Lockhouse 33, the lockhouse at Lock 34 was destroyed in the great flood of 1936. Of the 1936 flood, Mr. Goodheart as quoted as saying that he and his family "escaped by boat without our possessions before the house collapsed". One of the most devastating of the post canal era floods, the 1936 flood caused major damage throughout the Potomac River Valley. — Map (db m23872) HM|
|Maryland (Worcester County), Berlin — Baltimore Boulevard|
|The asphalt slabs you just walked on are pieces of Baltimore Boulevard, a 15-mile road built by developers in the 1950s and destroyed by a storm in 1962. These broken slabs are now used only by gulls, which drop and crack clams on the hard surface.
Developers also cleared land for more than 130 side streets along Baltimore Boulevard. many clearings have filled in, but gaps in the forest remain visible in some locations.
Baltimore Boulevard, which extended to the Maryland/ Virginia . . . — Map (db m9146) HM|
|Massachusetts (Bristol County), Attleboro — LaSalette Seminary — Attleboro Springs Sanatorium|
|Keeping faithful watch, this revered image of Mary has stood at the entrance to LaSalette Seminary (formerly Attleboro Springs Sanatorium),welcoming generations of brothers, priests, seminarians, pilgrims and visitors, inviting all still to submit to Christ's gentle sway as it does today.|
On the fateful night of November 4-5, 1999, it witnessed the raging blaze that made of their cherished home a burnt offering of thanksgiving for the haven and hospitality it had, for over a century, . . . — Map (db m55904) HM
|Massachusetts (Bristol County), New Bedford — Trial by Fire — New Bedford Whaling National Historic Park — National Park Service, U.S. Department of the Interior|
|Trial by Fire-During the early hours of January 18, 1977, gas leaked from a cracked main into the cellar of O’Malley’s Tavern, located near where you are now standing. New Bedford had suffered two straight days of record-setting cold in an overall frigid winter. When thermostats clicked on that morning the gas exploded, leveling four buildings and shooting flames and debris throughout the area.|
Lost were the three-story tavern, built about 1820, and the Macomber-Sylvia building next to it, . . . — Map (db m62389) HM
|Massachusetts (Norfolk County), Foxborough — Lakeview|
|Hervey Pettee built a thread mill at this site in 1813. A spring freshet in 1831 washed out the dam and ruined the factory. A stone structure soon replaced it. Charles Freeman & Son later operated a wool scouring mill. The flood of Feb. 2, 1886 tore out the dam and portions of the mill later operated by Alexander Ross.|
Lake View Park opened by the Ross family July 4, 1906. The Norfolk & Bristol Electric Railroad spur line to the ballroom was discontinued in 1919. Lakeview was a popular . . . — Map (db m55874) HM
|Massachusetts (Suffolk County), Boston — Boston Molasses Flood|
|On January 15, 1919, a molasses tank at 529 Commercial Street exploded under pressure, killing 21 people. A 40-foot wave of molasses buckled the elevated railroad tracks, crushed buildings and inundated the neighborhood. Structural defects in the tank combined with unseasonably warm temperatures contributed to the disaster. — Map (db m40677) HM|
|Michigan (Berrien County), St. Joseph — St. Joseph's Firemen — 1898|
Erected to commemorate
the bravery of those who
heroically gave up their
lives in the performance
of duty at the burning of
York's Opera House,
Benton Harbor, Michigan,
Sunday, September 8, 1896.
Edward H. Gange
Silas F. Watson
Frank M. Seaver
Arthur C. Hill
Robert L. Rofe
"Theirs, not to make reply.
Theirs, not to reason why.
Theirs, but to do and die." — Map (db m64893) HM|
|Michigan (Sanilac County), Port Sanilac — S0110 — The Great Storm of 1913|
|Sudden tragedy struck the Great Lakes on November 9, 1913, when a storm, whose equal veteran sailors could not recall, left in its wake death and destruction. The grim toll was 235 seamen drowned, ten ships sunk, and more than twenty others driven ashore. Here on Lake Huron, all 178 crewmen on the eight ships claimed by its waters were lost. For sixteen terrible hours gales of cyclonic fury made man and his machines helpless. — Map (db m41195) HM|
|Michigan (Wayne County), Detroit — SS Edmund Fitzgerald — 1958 - 1975|
|The flagship of the Oglesbay-Norton fleet sailed for 6857 days on the Great Lakes carrying iron ore to feed the steel mills of Michigan and Ohio. She was built at the Great Lakes Engineering Works at River Rouge, Michigan- Nine miles west of here. When the keel of the Fitzgerald hit the water, she became the largest freighter to traverse the inland seas, 729 feet long and 75 feet wide.
On January 7,1974, while at anchor in the Detroit River, one mile west of Belle Isle, the Fitzgerald lost . . . — Map (db m37159) HM|
|Minnesota (Hennepin County), Minneapolis — The Crash of Flight 307 — March 7, 1950 at 9:02 PM|
|During its approach through a blinding snowstorm, NWA Flight 307 clipped its left wing on the flagpole at Ft. Snelling Cemetery. Captain Donald Jones struggled to maintain altitude as he circled around for another attempt. The wing detached completely above the Washburn Water Tower, causing the plane to crash into the Doughty family home directly across from this spot. The resulting explosion and fire destroyed the house and severely damaged two adjacent dwellings. Children Janet and Tommy . . . — Map (db m56011) HM|
|Minnesota (Hennepin County), Minneapolis — The Whirlpool — Saint Anthony Falls Heritage Trail|
|"The falls are going out!" cried the alarmed citizens of St. Anthony on October 5, 1869. A tunnel being dug under the river bed to bring waterpower to Nicollet Island had collapsed. A giant whirlpool formed
below the island as the river rushed into the hole. Efforts to plug it with log rafts, dams, and mud were all unsuccessful. New breaks opened up and swallowed the lower part of Nicollet Island. The problem was
finally fixed in 1876 when the US Army Corps of Engineers constructed a large dam underneath the entire river bed. — Map (db m42741) HM|
|Minnesota (Pine County), Willow River — Christopher C. Andrews, Conservation Pioneer|
|In the 1880's, when General Christopher C. Andrews began urging the state to consider the future of its forested lands, most Minnesotans could not believe that there might ever be a shortage of timber. But by the time of his death in 1922 the vast virgin pine forests were gone, lumber was being imported from the Pacific Northwest, and a series of devastating fires had claimed hundreds of lives and millions of acres.
Andrews served as captain, and colonel of the Third Minnesota Regiment of . . . — Map (db m5288) HM|
|Minnesota (St. Louis County), Independence — The Fires of Autumn 1918|
The Cloquet-Moose Lake forest fire of October 12-13, 1918, which almost reached this location, was one of the most destructive forest fires in Minnesota's recorded history. Like other major fires, this one took place on cutover land the stumps and waste that remained after the great pine forests of northeastern Minnesota were harvested for lumber.
Consisting of five or six major fires and several smaller ones, the Cloquet-Moos Lake fire started during a severe . . . — Map (db m21024) HM|
|Minnesota (Winona County), Pickwick — Historic Lake Labelle|
|On September 20, 1980, 11 inches of rain fell in 24 hours in the Pickwick area causing a flash flood that severely damaged the mill and Lake Labell's flood gates. In 1982, Pickwick Mill Inc. was founded to restore the mill and Lake Labelle. This dike and existing pond is the result of a cooperative flood control and historic preservation project. The following contributed to the success of project. Minnesota Department of Natural Resources, Winona County Soil and Water Conservation District, . . . — Map (db m55613) HM|
|Missouri (Christian County), Ozark — Veterans Memorial|
Dedicated to all veterans
of Christian County
November 11 1992
In Memory of
All American Veterans
This memorial honors all American veterans who, although separated by generations, shared a common, undeniable goal - to valiantly protect our country's freedoms. The memories of these American veterans will continue to live on whenever and wherever democracy exists. The American veteran - forever a symbol of heroism, sacrifice, loyalty and freedom.
November 11, 2001
"We . . . — Map (db m59920) HM|
|Missouri (Gasconade County), Hermann — "Big Hatchie" Steamboat Disaster|
In memory of the early pioneers who perished in the explosion of the steamboat "Big Hatchie" at the wharf at Hermann in 1842, the thirty-five dead that lie buried here in unmarked graves and the many whose bodies were never recovered from the waters of the Missouri River. — Map (db m63484) HM|
|Missouri (Jackson County), Kansas City — General Orders No. 11 — A State Divided: The Civil War in Missouri|
| General Orders No. 11:
The Revenge of Depopulation
The building in front of you (401 Delaware Street) opened for business in the spring of 1860 as the Pacific House Hotel, one of Kansas City's most up-to-date hotels. During the war years, the building was partially taken over by Union military authorities, and by 1863, was serving as the headquarters for the District of the Border under the command of Brig. Gen. Thomas Ewing, Jr. It was from his office in this building that Ewing . . . — Map (db m54013) HM|
|Missouri (Jackson County), Kansas City — Josephine Anderson|
Killed in collapse of
August 13, 1863
Age 14 — Map (db m63035) HM|
|Missouri (Jackson County), Kansas City — The Southwest Boulevard Fire — August 18, 1959|
Firefighter Virgil Sams
Captain George Bartels
Firefighter Delbert Stone
Firefighter Neal Owen
Captain Peter Sirna
Civilian Francis J. Toomes
To each who come before this
memorial in remembrance of the final
fire for these six, we pray you
remember them not for what they lost,
but rather what they gave. They have
been and will forever be,
greatly missed. — Map (db m60425) HM|
|Missouri (Mississippi County), Charleston — Mississippi County|
|(Front): Comprising 411 square miles of Missouri's great alluvial plain, this county, organized in 1845, is a high producer of cotton, grain, and soybeans. The Mississippi (Algonquin Indian for Great Water), flowing along some 70 miles of the county's eastern boundary, separates it from Ill. and Ky. A boundary dispute over Wolf Island was settled, 1871, in Kentucky's favor by U.S. Supreme Court. Charleston, the county seat, known today as "Cotton Capital" and shoe manufacturing center, . . . — Map (db m17721) HM|
|Missouri (New Madrid County), New Madrid — New Madrid|
|(Front) First American town in Missouri. Founded in 1789 by George Morgan, Princeton graduate and Indian trader, on the site of Francois and Joseph Le Sieur's trading settlement, L'Anse a laGraise (Fr. Cove of Fat). Flood and caving banks have destroyed the first town site. Named for Madrid, Spain, the town was to be an American colony. Morgan was promised 15 million acres by the Spanish ambassador, eager to check U.S. expansion with large land grants. Spain did not confirm his grant . . . — Map (db m12339) HM|
|Missouri (Saint Clair County), Osceola — Sacking of Osceola|
In memory of
Citizens of Osceola
murdered by Kansas
and the Union Army
Of the 12 men ordered to be
murdered by Gen. James H. Lane,
3 are known
Mr. Berry • Champion Guinn
Micajah Dark (13 yrs later)
In June 1861, President Abraham Lincoln issued an order making the U.S. Senator from Kansas, James H. Lane, a brigadier general.
In September 1861, Gen. Lane and his rabble army of Kansas Jayhawkers, under questionable authority of Mr. Lincoln, invaded . . . — Map (db m61518) HM|
|Missouri (Saint Clair County), Osceola — The Old Commercial Hotel|
Created from the Lousiana Territory, the Territory of Missouri was established by an Act of Congress in 1812, and became the 24th State on August 10, 1821. Sixteen years later in 1837 there were about sixty people living here on the banks of the Osage. That year the first hotel in the area opened its doors to provide accommodations to the travelers.
It was a double log cabin structure with a passageway between the cabins. The grounds on which the present Commercial Hotel is located were . . . — Map (db m61468) HM|
|Montana (Gallatin County), West Yellowstone — Hebgen Lake and Quake Lake|
|By 1898 a 10-foot wide road was built through the Gallatin Canyon to Taylors Fork and the park line. In 1911 a crude, narrow wagon road went to "Yellowstone" (West Yellowstone), 90 miles from the county seat at Bozeman. In 1926, the road was graveled. West Yellowstone started with the coming of the railroad in 1908. |
This area contains many historical interests: Hebgen Lake and dam, Quake Lake and the Madison River Earthquake Visitor's Center at the site of the August 17, 1959 mountain . . . — Map (db m58454) HM
|Montana (Mineral County), East Portal — A Battle That Could Not Be Won|
“With the cinders and ashes falling all around him, and so dark that he could not see his horse’s head at three o’clock in the afternoon, [Barringer] rode up to the face of the fire…[and] collected his scattered crews….” - Elers Koch, Forest Supervisor
Only five years old when the fires struck, the fledgling U.S. Forest Service had no organized fire crews, relying instead on the young rangers committed to protecting the nation’s new National Forests. They hired any . . . — Map (db m45505) HM|
|Montana (Mineral County), East Portal — An Unlikely Safe Haven|
“Fires of yesterday and last night have swept practically all the country from Avery to St. Regis. Nothing could have lived in the mountains last evening except for the tunnels.” - E. J. Pearson, Chief Engineer, Puget Sound Railroad
Fleeing from the fires, people jumped into rivers, sheltered in mine shafts or ran for their lives. Others chose escape on the railroad, but sometimes even the trains could not move faster than the fires.
An engineer named C. H. Marshall . . . — Map (db m45511) HM|
|Montana (Mineral County), East Portal — Building From the Ashes|
“All that remained was to salvage what material that could be salvaged from the disaster, and reorganize for a new start.” - Clarence B. Swim, Assistant Forester
As the railroad operated rescue trains, Missoula residents met the refugees at the station offering food, clothing and lodging. When the rains came and the fires died down, the relief committee provided tents and supplies so families could return to rebuild their homes and lives. In spite of the widespread . . . — Map (db m45509) HM|
|Montana (Mineral County), East Portal — Douse the Flames and Climb Aboard|
“The whole twenty-five miles of railroad…between Avery and the Taft Tunnel was swept by a consuming blast of fire, so hot that pick handles lying in the open beside the track were utterly consumed.” - Elers Koch, Forest Supervisor
With fires raging in Idaho and Montana and seemingly closing in on all sides of numerous towns, the railroad was the lifeline for escape. Engineer John Mackedon and his fireman rode west toward Avery surrounded by fire and worried they would . . . — Map (db m45510) HM|
|Montana (Mineral County), East Portal — Pluck and Good Fortune|
“I won’t die here in this creek… [I’m] getting out of here.” - Pinkie Adair, homesteader and camp cook
During the 1910 Fires, perseverance often meant the difference between life and death. At 26 years old, Ione “Pinkie” Adair could ride, shoot and cook. She lived about 10 miles from where you are standing. When a fire crew set up camp nearby, Adair hired on to cook for the 74 men, including 60 prisoners released from jail to fight the fires.
On . . . — Map (db m45503) HM|
|Montana (Mineral County), East Portal — When the Mountains Roared|
“The fire by this time was an awe-inspiring spectacle, the whole horizon to the west was aflame and the noise caused by the falling timber was terrific.” - Roy A. Phillips, Lolo Forest Guard
One of the most devastating fire seasons in the history of the United States began like any other. The 1910 Fires started with smoldering campfires, sparks from locomotives and a few lightning-caused fires. The many small fires grew larger and spread quickly. When the ferocious . . . — Map (db m45508) HM|
|Nebraska (Buffalo County), Kearney — Dr. Paul Ambrose|
This garden was planted in memory of Dr. Paul Ambrose who died on American Airlines Flight 77 on September 11, 2001.
"Paul dedicated his career to changing the health care system with an emphasis on physician leadership and prevention. Paul was a rare and wonderful man whose life was like a pebble tossed into a pond; the way he lived his life, enjoyed his career and treasured his friends and family had a ripple effect on so many people." — Map (db m58905) HM|
|Nebraska (Buffalo County), Kearney — Good Samaritan Air Crew|
This gazebo is dedicated to the
memory of the
Good Samaritan Air Crew.
On December 20, 1985, they gave
their lives attempting to save others.
Craig Budden — Map (db m58938) HM|
|Nebraska (Douglas County), Omaha — John Wesley Nichols — 1839 - 1910|
| John Wesley Nichols was born January 28, 1839, in Crawford County, Pennsylvania, to Samuel and Katharine Maxwell Nichols. Little is known of his early years. In 1860 he married Sarah Elizabeth Dearborn, also born in Crawford County.
Nichols joined the Union Army on August 15, 1862, and served as a private in Captain Huidekoper's Company, subsequently Co. K, 150th Regiment Pennsylvania Infantry, also known as "The President's Bodyguard." He was mustered out with the company and honorably . . . — Map (db m58277) HM|
|Nebraska (Douglas County), Omaha — Omaha Firefighters Memorial — Honor • Tradition|
| As pioneers settled in small towns and villages across Nebraska, the shout of “Fire” summoned fear and panic in every person who heard it. If they were lucky, bucket brigades could save part of a burning building and its surrounding structures.
By 1860, seven years before Nebraska became a state, the Pioneer Hook and Ladder Company was established to keep the City of Omaha safe in case of fire. These dedicated volunteers went from using hand-drawn to horse-drawn fire wagons and . . . — Map (db m58037) HM|
|Nebraska (Furnas County), Oxford — The Republican River Flood Of 1935|
|On May 30, 1935, torrential rains fell in eastern Colorado and southwestern Nebraska; by early morning of the 31st, the usually peaceful Republican River was running bluff-to-bluff along its upper reaches. When the waters subsided two days later, over 100 lives had been lost and many millions of dollars of damage had been done. A number of persons from this community were drowned.|
After the prolonged drouth of the early 30's, the wet spring of 1935 had brought welcome relief to the . . . — Map (db m48549) HM
|Nebraska (Otoe County), Nebraska City — 468 — U.S. Air Force Atlas Missile Site|
| The Atlas-F ICBM (operational 1961-65) was an important component of national defense during the Cold War. Twelve Atlas sites, one located half a mile west, were manned by the 551st Strategic Missile Squadron, Lincoln Air Force Base.
On November 22, 1964, a crew from this site died in a plane crash a mile south of here. The victims were Maj. Lee Craft, 1st Lt. Chester Higgenbotham, S/Sgt. Harold Hrenchir, A/1C Donald Moore, A/2C David Theriot, and pilot Maj. Robert Wilson. — Map (db m54341) HM|
|Nebraska (Phelps County), Bertrand — Plum Creek Massacre Site — August 8, 1864|
|An early morning attack on a train of 12 wagons at this spot resulted in the death of 11 men and the capture of Mrs. Thomas Morton and 9 year old Danny Marble. The attack was by Indian “Dog Soldiers” of the Cheyenne Tribe led by Chief Bull Bear. Later the captives were released in exchange for supplies the Indians needed. Those killed were buried in graves at the site of the attack. — Map (db m62794) HM|
|Nebraska (Platte County), Columbus — 305 — The Villasur Expedition — 1720|
| In June 1720 a Spanish military force led by Sir Pedro de Villasur left Santa Fe, New Mexico, to gather information on French activities near the Missouri River. The force included 45 veteran soldiers, 60 Pueblo Indian allies, some Apache scouts, and a priest. Indian trader Juan L'Archeveque, and Jose Naranjo, a black explorer who had reconnoitered Nebraska's Platte River, accompanied the expedition.
Near present Schuyler, Nebraska, Villasur's command met large numbers of Pawnee and Oto . . . — Map (db m53143) HM|
|Nevada (Humboldt County), Orovada — Frank W. Barker, George J. Kennedy, Walter James, Earnest R. Tippin, Frank J. Vitale|
Members of the
Civilian Conservation Corps
Paradise Camp F-5
who gave their lives for the conservation
of Nevada's Natural Resources, while fighting fire
about three miles east
of this point on July 28, 1939. — Map (db m59254) HM|
|Nevada (Nye County), Tonopah — "Big" Bill Murphy|
|This statue depicts Big Bill Murphy, hero of the tragic Tonopah Belmont Mine fire that killed 17 miners on February 23, 1911. Murphy went down in the mine cage a number of times to bring up stricken miners.
On the last trip he did not return.
Statue designed and built by Adam Skiles. Dedicated May 28th, 2005 — Map (db m62320) HM|
|Nevada (Nye County), Tonopah — Belmont Mine Fire Mural — Dedicated November 19, 2005|
|The mural you are viewing was painted by noted mural
artist, Lee Bowerman of Grand Junction, Colorado and
is dedicated to Nevada Mine Safety in remembrance of
the Belmont Mine Fire of February 23, 1911 and the
heroism of cage tender, Wiliam F. (Big Bill) Murphy.
The mural depicts Big Bill's heroic attempts to rescue fellow miners from the depths of the earth where he and seventeen others lost their lives on this tragic day in the mining history of Tonopah. This mural was made possible . . . — Map (db m59377) HM|
|Nevada (Storey County), Virginia City — 228 — The Great Fire of 1875|
|The most spectacular calamity to befall Virginia City had its origins within fifty feet of this marker. Early on the morning of October 26, 1875 a coal oil lamp was knocked over in a nearby boarding house and burst into flames. Strong winds spread the blaze and thirty-three blocks of structures where leveled. The losses included St. Mary’s-in-the-Mountains Catholic Church, the Storey County Courthouse, Piper’s Opera House, the International Hotel, city offices and most of Virginia City’s . . . — Map (db m45845) HM|
|New Hampshire (Grafton County), Bethlehem — 218 — Pierce Bridge|
|By 1920 the adjacent road, Rt. 302 was part of the Teddy Roosevelt (TR) Trail, which ran from Maine to Oregon. It was an important way for tourists to access the White Mountains. After the 1927 floods, many bridges needed to be quickly replaced. With vertical members in compression and diagonals in tension, the High Pratt truss was strong and easy to construct, making it a favorite of state highway engineers. This riveted steel span was erected in 1928, keeping this important crossing in use. — Map (db m44289) HM|
|New Jersey (Bergen County), Fair Lawn — Morlot Ave - 33rd St. Bridge Over the Passaic River — Between the Borough of Fair Lawn, Bergen County and the City of Paterson, Passaic County|
|Reflecting the need for additional river crossings as the area grew in the late 19th century, the contract for the original bridge was awarded in July 1890 to Riverside Bridge and Iron Works of Paterson, N.J. for $8,895. This original bridge was washed away on October 10 during the disastrous Passaic river flood of 1903. The flood destroyed practically all the bridges over the Passaic River in Bergen, Passaic, and Essex counties. In 1904, a contract for the second bridge was awarded to . . . — Map (db m62435) HM|
|New Jersey (Bergen County), Fair Lawn — We Will Never Forget|
This piece of steel from the World Trade Center is in memory of those residents who perished that day and to the brave men and women who gave their lives to save so many others.
Their courage and love of our country will be a source of strength and comfort to our great nation.
God Bless America
Dedicated: September 11, 2011
— Map (db m63391) HM|
|New Jersey (Hudson County), Bayonne — Bayonne Terrorist Victims|
|In remembrance of the Bayonne residents who lost their lives in the terrorist attacks on our country on February 26, 1993 and September 11, 2001. Dedicated by the September 11th “Bayonne Remembers” Committee – September 11,2007 — Map (db m53037) HM|
|New Jersey (Hudson County), Bayonne — Tear of Grief|
|Gift from the people of Russia President Vladimir Putin This site will be a home for the monument to the struggle against world terrorism Artist Zurab Tsereteli — Map (db m53040) HM|
|New Jersey (Hudson County), Jersey City — An Gorta Mor|
|In Memoriam of the Irish Famine An Gorta Mor 1845 – 1852 For those lives claimed by it and the Irish Immigrants that survived and relocated to the United States. Erected By The Friendly Sons of St. Patrick Hudson County, N.J. [ Back of Monument: ] Dedicated to the sacred memory of thousands of Irish who, in order to preserve their faith, suffered famine and exile. The potato blight in Ireland was exasperated by a cruel, non-caring and inept foreign government. As a . . . — Map (db m42404) HM|
|New Jersey (Hunterdon County), Clinton — The Great Clinton Fire|
|Commemorating the Great Clinton Fire
October 30, 1891
100 Year Anniversary — Map (db m57643) HM|
|New Jersey (Middlesex County), New Brunswick — Rutgers 9/11 Memorial|
|Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey --------------- In memory of the men and women of Rutgers who were innocent victims of the terrorist attcks September 11,2001 Paul A. Acquavina RC ’94 • Evan J. Baron NCAS ’81 • David O. Campbell RC ’72, GSM ’74 • Alexander H. Chiang GSNB ’82 • John R. Cruz RC ’93 • Brian T. Cummins GSN ’91 • Gavin F. Cushny UCN ’85 • Michael A. Davidson LC ’97 • Jayceryll M. de Chavez LC ’99 • Michael A. Diaz – Piedra III NCAS ’74 • Patrick . . . — Map (db m62733) HM|
|New Jersey (Morris County), Picatinny Arsenal — 600 Ordnance Testing Area Historic District (1928-1948)|
|This test area was constructed after the 1926 Lake Denmark Naval Powder Depot explosion and several other accidents destroyed the Arsenal’s Cannon Blenders. These facilities were built to withstand shock and blast from indoor testing of military explosives. No similar grouping of explosive testing related structures is known to exist at any other former industrial arsenals. Farther along Green Pond Mountain are a series of isolated test ranges for firing guns, armor-piercing shells and bombs, and anti-personnel weapons. — Map (db m53086) HM|
|New Jersey (Morris County), Picatinny Arsenal — Administration and Research Historic District — (circa 1880-1945), Chemistry Row|
|These structures are associated with the evolution of Picatinny from a Powder Depot to a Production Arsenal. After the 1926 Lake Denmark Naval Powder Depot explosion, Picatinny rededicated itself technologically and architecturally as a Research & Development Facility. As part of this effort, laboratory facilities were constructed along Kibler Road, also known as “Chemistry Row”. Colonial Revival was chosen as the architectural style for this area to be compatible with the original headquarters at Building 151. — Map (db m53085) HM|
|New Jersey (Morris County), Pompton Plains — Pompton Plains 9/11 Memorial|
|September 11, 2001 May the spirit and courage of those who perished always remind us of the price of freedom. — Map (db m62877) HM|
|New Jersey (Union County), Kenilworth — Kenilworth 9/11 Memorial|
| . . . — Map (db m53315) HM|
|New Mexico (Lincoln County), Capitan — Smokey Bear|
|This is the resting place of the first living Smokey Bear. In 1950 when Smokey was a tiny cub, wildfire burned his forest home in the nearby Capitan Mountains of the Lincoln National Forest. Firefighters found the badly burned cub clinging to a blackened tree and saved his life. In June 1950,the cub was flown to our Nation's Capitol to become the living symbol of wildfire prevention and wildlife conservation. After 25 years he was replaced by another orphaned black bear from the Lincoln National Forest. — Map (db m25111) HM|
|New York (Franklin County), Paul Smiths — Forest Fire — 1885 - 1935|
|During October 1908 DeBar Mt. was burned over by a forest fire that extended to 6,000 acres. Prevent forest fires. — Map (db m57180) HM|
|New York (Kings County), Brooklyn — The Brooklyn Wall of Remembrance and Tribute Walk|
|The Foundation wishes to express its gratitude to the many individuals who worked so hard and gave so generously to make this memorial a reality.
Principal Benefactors: Ebbets Field Wall of Remembrance Foundation, Inc., Sol Moglen, Founder; Mark Scharfman and Sons, Gary Sinise, The Haskell Family, Jim Fassel Foundation, Peter Max, Meridian Capital; Group LLC, Keyspan.
Major Benefactors: Gary and Moira Sinise, Ricky Bros Construction, Inc, Rosenberg-Estis P.C., Horwitz and Zim Law Group, 2nd . . . — Map (db m61554) WM|
|New York (Manhattan Borough), New York City — "The Kneeling Fireman"|
| In commemoration of the 10th Anniversary of 9/11/01, the Milstein Family and Emigrant Bank have dedicated this site to display “The Kneeling Fireman” statue which harkens back to the events of that fateful day.
The statue was originally commissioned by the Firefighters Association of Missouri and was custom manufactured by Matthews International Corp. in Parma, Italy. The statue arrived in New York just as the tragedy began to unfold. Matthews International decided this statue . . . — Map (db m60530) HM|
|New York (New York County), Manhattan — The West Street Building — 90 West Street — Designated Landmark, New York City|
| Completed in 1907, the West Street Building was designed by architect Cass Gilbert as a premier office skyscraper for the shipping and railroad industries. The building combines the classical tripartite configuration of base, shaft and capital, common on late nineteenth-century office buildings, with the twentieth–century romantic emphasis on verticality and decorative crowns. With its clustered piers, terra cotta cladding, and gothic detail, including griffin figures and a foliate . . . — Map (db m64654) HM|
|New York (New York County), New York — Engine Company 31|
|This building, constructed in 1895, is among the best of the many eclectic firehouses built by Napoleon Le Brun & Sons. Today it seems surprising that such an elaborate design would be used for so utilitarian a structure. The entire spirit of the building - with it's corner tower, steep roof, dormers, and stone and iron crestings - recalls a romantic fairy tale. — Map (db m34186) HM|
|New York (New York County), New York — Flag of Honor|
|The Flag of Honor contains the names of all those who perished in the World Trade Center, at the Pentagon, and aboard United Flights 175 and 93 and American flights 11 and 77 on September 11, 2001 and in the February 26, 1993 bombing of the World Trade Center. — Map (db m60370) HM|
|New York (New York County), New York — Triangle Fire|
|On this site, 146 workers lost their lives in the Triangle Shirtwaist Factory Fire on March, 25 1911. Out of their martyrdom came new concepts of social responsibility and major legislation that helped make American working conditions the finest in the world.
International Ladies Garment Workers' Union — Map (db m54878) HM|
|New York (New York County), New York — Triangle Shirtwaist Factory — (Asch Building)|
Has been designated a National Historic Landmark
The Triangle Shirtwaist Factory Fire in which 146 workers died occured here on March 25, 1911. This building possesses national significance in commemorating the history of The United States of America. 1991
National Parks Service
United States Department of the Interior — Map (db m54879) HM|
|New York (New York County), New York — Welcome Message — National September 11 Memorial|
|On behalf of the City of New York, it is an honor to welcome you to the National September 11 Memorial. From victims’ families to rescue workers, survivors, government officials, planners, architects, engineers, construction workers, community leaders and supporters from all over the world, hundreds of thousands have contributed to making this memorial possible. This place of remembrance is the realization of our city’s and our country’s commitment to honoring all those we lost in the September . . . — Map (db m60365) HM|
|New York (Rensselaer County), Troy — The Great Fire of 1862|
|On May 10, 1862, much of downtown Troy [N.Y.] was destroyed by the worst fire the city has ever known. Sparks from a steam engine set fire to the wooden bridge to Green Island, and a strong wind spread the flames across the city. By night fall, over 500 houses, stores and businesses on seventy-five acres were no more than smoking ruins. The Great Fire occurred at the height of the Civil War, when Troy's economy was booming with war-related industries. Rebuilding began almost immediately, and . . . — Map (db m57941) HM|
|New York (Seneca County), Seneca Falls — The Historic Business District|
| Early morning July 30, 1890
Alarms howl, waking the whole village. Flames roar down Fall Street, fanned by a stiff breeze. A choking black smoke billows across the canal. Jets of water hiss from hoses bristling from a dozen horse—drawn, steam-powered fire engines, as fire-fighters desperately battle the fierce blaze. But when the wind suddenly whips the flames across Fall Street, they drop their hoses and run for their lives.
After many exhausting hours, the fire is finally . . . — Map (db m65322) HM|
|New York (Wayne County), Pultneyville — Wreck of the St.Peter — National Register of Historic Places|
| Lost in a Storm
The St. Peter left Oswego carrying a full load of coal, headed for the safety of the Welland Canal when a storm struck her with 70 mph winds. Unable to reach the canal, the ship was turned back east to run before the wind, but the crew’s fight during 12 long hours of darkness, 20-foot high seas, gale-force winds, and freezing sleet was in vain. The ship, crew, and the Captain's wife were lost. The Captain was rescued by a boat from the local Lifesaving Service. . . . — Map (db m64903) HM|
|North Carolina (Brunswick County), Oak Island — D-109 — Hurricane Hazel|
|Category 4 storm made landfall at Long Beach, October 15, 1954, with winds over 140 mph & 17-foot surge. Nineteen people killed in N.C. — Map (db m5832) HM|
|North Carolina (Forsyth County), Winston-Salem — The Pond|
|At the turn of the 20th century, Winston's water reservoir was located at the top of Trade Street Hill, where Eighth and Trade Streets intersected. Disaster struck in the early morning hours of November 2, 1904, when people in the neighborhood were awakened by a loud thud and shudders "like an earthquake." The entire north wall of the reservoir had collapsed. An estimated 800,000-1,400,000 gallons of water rushed into the neighborhood, destroying houses, killing nine people and injuring many . . . — Map (db m52691) HM|
|North Carolina (Wayne County), Eureka — F-70 — Nuclear Mishap|
| B-52 transporting two
nuclear bombs crashed,
Jan. 1961. Widespread
disaster averted; three
crewmen died 3 mi. S. — Map (db m64597) HM|
|Ohio (Athens County), Hamley Run — Snake Ridge Lookout Tower|
| Reconstructed on this site, this lookout tower once stood off S.R. 278 southwest of Nelsonville in Athens County. Known as the Snake Ridge Lookout Tower this tower was originally built in 1939.
Many of the lookout towers were built by the Civilian Conservation Corps. Construction included a 75-100 foot steel tower with either wooden steps or a steel ladder, a log guard station with outhouse and garage to provide housing for the lookout, and telephone lines to the tower. The towers were . . . — Map (db m28511) HM|
|Ohio (Auglaize County), Cridersville — 4-6 — Town Pond Reservoir Cridersville's Great Fire of 1918|
| Side A:
The Village of Cridersville was founded in 1856. With the discovery of oil in 1885 the village prospered and grew quickly. Its business district developed along Main Street in the first block east of the railroad. The Town Pond Reservoir was constructed here in the 1890s to provide water in the event of fire. At 3:00 p.m. on May 2, 1918, a rubbish fire was started across the street from this pond and blew out of control. The fire ignited a nearby barn, and, with the aid of strong . . . — Map (db m28668) HM|
|Ohio (Butler County), Hamilton — 22-9 — Butler County Courthouse|
| Side A:
Butler County was created on March 24, 1803, about three weeks after Ohio became a state. Hamilton won the competition for the county seat, thanks to Israel Ludlow, Hamilton's founder. Ludlow's donation of the public square secured the county seat. The first Butler County trial court met in July 1803 in a tavern before moving to a two-story military building located at what had been Fort Hamilton (1791-1796). The county built the first courthouse on this public square in 1810. . . . — Map (db m28546) HM|
|Ohio (Butler County), Middletown — The Miami & Erie Canal in Middletown — Port Middletown Plaza|
| Ohio's canal system was the most effective between 1827 and 1850, before the introduction of the railroads. In Middletown, the canal was still used well into the 20th century but in 1913 a devastating flood destroyed much of the canal. In 1929 water was drained from the canal and the canal bed was filled in, paved and dedicated in 1938 as Verity Parkway.
[Photo] Left, in 1906 the line boat Excello, captained by Earl Winter, was the last regular canal boat taken out of Middletown. — Map (db m30430) HM|
|Ohio (Cuyahoga County), Beachwood — David Berger Memorial|
|A monument in the memory of David Berger stands as both a reminder of violence, and a hope that man will one day overcome violence. The Olympic emblem of five inter-locking rings has been broken to symbolize the stopping of the ’72 games, but there is an upward motion in the broken rings to suggest the peaceful intent of the Olympics. A search for understanding and hope for the future, the ten semicircles rest on eleven steel segments representing the eleven who died at Munich. One of the . . . — Map (db m61648) HM|
|Ohio (Cuyahoga County), Cleveland — In Memory of the Teachers and Children Who Lost Their Lives in the Collinwood School Fire|
|Teachers and Pupils who lost their lives in the Collinwood School Fire, March 4, 1908
Grace Fiske, Katherine Weiler
Ila Adams, Irene Apari, Adelbert Baldwin, Luretta Baldwin, Glenn Barber, Clayton Bell, George Blurm, Floy Bravo, Mary Burroughs, Amelia Burrow, Erma Buschman, Rose Buschman, Margaret Carayona, Nellie Carlson, George Center, Lester Center, Dale Clark, Florence Clayton, Mildred Cunningham, Irene Davis, Percy Day, Gretchen Dorn, Mary Dresick, Matilda . . . — Map (db m60759) HM|
|Ohio (Franklin County), Columbus — The King Avenue Bridge — A Brief History|
|• Around 1863 a steel truss was constructed across the Olentangy River at King Avenue. It was the first roadway to be extended across the Olentangy River.
• Although the great flood of 1913 destroyed or damaged numerous bridges, businesses and houses along the Olentangy and Scioto Rivers, the old steel truss at King Avenue crossing had already been demolished and the construction of the cast-in-place arch had begun. The 1913 flood destroyed the false work for the arches before the arch . . . — Map (db m12771) HM|
|Ohio (Franklin County), Columbus — The Urban Face of the Scioto River|
| The confluence of the Scioto and Olentangy Rivers is just northwest of North Bank Park, and the rivers were the major attraction for both Native American and white settlers. The river and its tributaries were the life-blood to the region providing drinking water, food, and businesses, as well as limited transportation. The floodplains provided fertile ground for growing crops.
Even though the river was a major reason for locating in Central Ohio, it also brought problems. More than a dozen . . . — Map (db m29966) HM|
|Ohio (Franklin County), Gahanna — Big Walnut Creek Flood of Jan-Feb 1959|
|Historical Flood Mark, Jan.-Feb. 1959.
“Encroachment on flood plains, such as artificial fill, reduces the flood-carrying capacity, increases the flood heights of streams, and increases flood hazards in areas beyond the encroachment itself. One aspect of flood plain management involves balancing the economic gain from flood plain development against the resulting increase in flood hazard.”
Federal Emergency Management Agency, February 1, 1983.
This boulder brought from . . . — Map (db m14446) HM|
|Ohio (Gallia County), Gallipolis — Yellow Fever Victims|
Mrs. Margaret Beard • Eliza Beck and Infant
Mrs. Joseph J. Blazer • Richard Blazer
Wellington Blazer • Claudius J. Brothers
Mrs. Claudius J. Brothers • Mrs. Elizabeth Brothers
James Brown • Margaret Brown
William Buck • Clayton Coffman
George D. Curry • Samuel B. Curry
Caroline Davis • Charles Dehlman
Mrs. Charles Forth • Simon Gibson
Thomas Gibson • Mrs. Capt. Alex W. Halliday
William J. Holcomb • Max Horger
Mrs. Max Horger • William Hull
Sarah Kerns • Joseph . . . — Map (db m30625) HM|
|Ohio (Gallia County), Kanagua — 8-27 — The Silver Bridge Disaster|
|On December 15, 1967, about one mile downstream from this historic marker, a national tragedy occured. Forty-six interstate travelers lost their lives when the Silver Bridge collapsed into the Ohio River during five o'clock rush hour traffic. The 2,235 foot two-way vehicular bridge connected Point Pleasant, West Virginia and Kanagua, Ohio via U.S. Route 35. The West Virginia Ohio River Bridge Company built the structure in 1928 for $1.2 million. The bridge, unique in its engineering conception, . . . — Map (db m39460) HM|
|Ohio (Gallia County), Kanauga — Silver Bridge Eye-Bar|
|This eye-bar is similar to one that fractured causing the collapse of the Silver Bridge on December 15, 1967. The National Transportation Safety Board found that the cause of the bridge collapse was the cleavage fracture in the lower limb of the eye of eye-bar 330 at joint C13N of the north eye-bar suspension chain in the Ohio side span. The fracture was caused by the development of a critical size flaw over the 40-year life of the structure as the result of the joint action of stress corrosion and corrosion fatigue. — Map (db m39462) HM|
|Ohio (Greene County), Wilberforce — 16-29 — Central State University|
|Central State University originated on March 19, 1887, when the Ohio General Assembly passed an act establishing a Combined Normal and Industrial (CN&I) Department at Wilberforce University. Through various transitional changes, it emerged as an independent, state university. In 1941, the General Assembly expanded the CN&I, which offered two-year courses, into the College of Education and Industrial Arts, with four-year programs. In 1947, it separated from Wilberforce University. The history of . . . — Map (db m14056) HM|
|Ohio (Greene County), Wilberforce — 9-29 — Galloway Hall|
At the turn of the twentieth century, increased enrollment in the Combined Normal and Industrial Department at Wilberforce University (which later became Central State University) spurred construction of new teaching and dormitory facilities. Galloway Hall, which included an auditorium and a tower with chimes and a clock, was completed in 1906. Many famous personalities performed in Galloway Hall's auditorium, including the renown opera singer Leontyne Price; Robert . . . — Map (db m14057) HM|
|Ohio (Greene County), Wright-Patterson Air Force Base — In Case of Floods ...|
|Huffman Prairie Flying Field lies to the right of Huffman Dam, the long earthen barrier you see below. The dam is one of five 'retarding basins' built by the Miami Conservancy District after the catastrophic 1913 flood. This dam, along with many miles of riverbank levees, protects downtown Dayton from future inundation. Because the land behind this dam can go underwater if the Mad River should rise, and because there are active Air Force runways nearby, Torrence Huffman's pasture has never . . . — Map (db m4647) HM|
|Ohio (Greene County), Xenia — April 3, 1974 Xenia Tornado Memorial|
In memory of
those who lost their lives in
April 3, 1974 Tornado
Richard Adams • Wm. Kent Armstrong • Joyce D. Behnken • Brian K. Blakely • Gloria E. Chambers • Eric Michael Crabtree • Teresa Renee Cross • Prabahakar Dixit • Michael D. Ehret • Sabina Ehret • Billy Graham • David Graham • Sherry Sue Graham • Ollie Grooms • Diana Marie Hall • Laura Lee Hull • Clyde H. Hyatt • Linda McKibben • Marilyn L. Miller • Robert E. Miller • Johnnie Pearl Mott • C. Irene Pagett • Ruth A. . . . — Map (db m53867) HM|
|Ohio (Greene County), Xenia — 10-29 — Galloway Log House / Xenia Tornado, April 3, 1974|
| Galloway Log House (Side A)
James Sr. and Rebecca (Junkin) Galloway moved with their family to Greene County from Kentucky in 1798, constructing their first home, a small log cabin. Galloway built the present structure around 1799 near the bend in the Little Miami River near what is now Goes Station on U.S. 68. In 1936, the Greene County Historical Society moved the home to the corner of Second and Monroe streets and then to the present site in 1965. The 1974 Xenia Tornado caused serious . . . — Map (db m52886) HM|
|Ohio (Hamilton County), Cincinnati — Cincinnati Fire Fighters|
| In Memory
Cincinnati Fire Fighters
who died in the line of duty
serving in the first paid
professional fire department
in the United States — Map (db m24087) HM|
|Ohio (Hamilton County), Cincinnati — 14-31 — The Irish in Cincinnati|
| Side A:
Flatboats on the Ohio River brought many of the first Irish, some with land grants received after the Revolutionary War and the War of 1812, to the Cincinnati area. In 1789, Francis Kennedy arrived in Losantiville, where he operated the first ferry service across the Ohio to the mouth of the Licking River. In 1791, Irishman Joseph Lloyd managed the first one-room schoolhouse on the riverbank west of Sycamore Street. A soapmaker whose family had immigrated from Ireland, James . . . — Map (db m24611) HM|
|Ohio (Marion County), Prospect — Prospect State Route 47 Bridge — 1913 - 2007|
| The single-span Parker Through Truss Bridge that previously carried State Route 47 over the Scioto River at this location was constructed by the Standard Engineering Company of Toledo shortly after the Flood of 1913 destroyed the wrought iron bridge.
In 1983 the Ohio Department of Transportation and Ohio Historic Preservation Office designated the Prospect Bridge a historic structure, eligible for listing in the National Register for Historic Places as a significant example of Parker Truss . . . — Map (db m26984) HM|
|Ohio (Miami County), Piqua — 5-55 — Lock Nine|
|Completed in 1837, the limestone lock nine served as a catalyst for the growth of Piqua. The lock helped connect the village to Cincinnati (1837) and Toledo (1845) by way of the Miami and Erie Canal. German immigrants traveled up the canal from Cincinnati and settled within a five-block area of the lock. Industries used the lock as a source of water power and developed products as diverse as flannel, flour, and flax seed. Lock nine remained as a functioning part of the canal until its destruction during the flood of 1913. — Map (db m17277) HM|
|Ohio (Miami County), Piqua — Shawnee Bridge — City of Piqua, Ohio — 1915 - 2005|
|The 1915 Shawnee (Lorimer) Bridge was dedicated in part to the forty-four men, women and children who lost their lives in the 1913 flood. The waters of the Great Miami River broke free from their banks on March 25, 1913 and devastated the areas of East Piqua, Shawnee, and Rossville. Flood waters reached heights in excess of twenty feet in some Piqua locations, destroying homes, businesses, factories and the previous iron truss Shawnee Bridge. Dedicated to the Piqua victims of the 1913 Flood — Map (db m17322) HM|
|Ohio (Miami County), Piqua — The 1913 Flood — Sign of the Past|
|The Great Miami River regularly overflowed its banks during the early years of Piqua's history. The first recorded flood hit the pioneer settlers in April of 1805. During the next one hundred years the Great Miami River flooded Piqua on nine separate occasions. The March 1898 flood was the worst flood in the nineteenth century and hit a record forty-one inches above the flood level. On Tuesday, March 25, 1913, the river once again broke free of its banks and swept through Piqua, Rossville and . . . — Map (db m17297) HM|
|Ohio (Montgomery County), Dayton — Colonel Edward Deeds|
Colonel Edward Deeds (1874-1960) was among the core of Dayton's brilliant leadership in the first half of the 20th century. As vice president of NCR, Deeds' mentored Charles Kettering, hiring him back
every time the fickle John Patterson fired him.
During this time, Dayton's famous “Barn Gang,” a brilliant group of inventors led by Kettering and
Deeds worked out of Deeds' barn at his Moraine farm. Success with the Barn Gang led Deeds and Kettering to leave NCR in 1915 and . . . — Map (db m29096) HM|
|Ohio (Montgomery County), Dayton — The Great Dayton Flood of 1913 / And The Rivers Flowed Through The City|
| The Great Dayton Flood of 1913
On Sunday, March 23, 1913, three storm systems met over western Ohio and, over the next four days, poured nine to eleven inches of rain over the Miami Valley. Falling on near-frozen and saturated ground, this rain ran directly into the Great Miami, Stillwater, and Mad Rivers, and the Wolf Creek, then rushed into downtown Dayton, where all these streams converged within a three-quarter mile radius. Dayton had flooded periodically throughout its history, . . . — Map (db m22229) HM|
|Ohio (Muskingum County), Zanesville — Zanesville and Muskingum County Artwall|
| This is a “rubbing” wall which depicts the proud
history of Zanesville and Muskingum County.
Historic images are surrounded by tiles
depicting foliage from the Ohio Buckeye tree.
The images are in order of their dates
beginning with the image to your right and
continuing around the wall.
To make a rubbing, hold or tape a piece of
medium or light weight paper over an image.
Use a firm pencil or crayon to draw back and
forth across the paper. This will transfer . . . — Map (db m28931) HM|