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“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
 
 

Anthropology Historical Markers

333 markers matched your search criteria. The first 250 markers are listed. Next 83
Cahawba Marker image, Click for more information
By Mark Hilton, July 30, 2014
Cahawba Marker
Belize, Cayo, Belmopan — Harriot W. Topsey
Here fell Harriot W. Topsey Anthropologist 22nd May 1953 - 9th October 1995 Rescate en pacem Sursum corda — Map (db m94395) HM
Belize, Cayo, San Ignacio — Altar 21 at Caracol(A Group Ballcourt; Structures A11 & A12)
This altar is a ballcourt marker erected in A.D. 633 by Lord Kan II. The text explains that Kan II's father, Lord Water, engaged in two war events with Tikal in A.D. 556 and A.D. 562. The unstated purpose of the monument is to compare Kan II's . . . — Map (db m94539) HM WM
British Columbia (Capital Regional District), Victoria — Hosaqami
a replica of the original pole carved in 1960 by Chief Mungo Martin Carved by Chief Tony Hunt and Raised on 8 September 2012 in the presence of The Honourable Steven L. Point, OBC Lieutenant Governor of British Columbia in honour . . . — Map (db m75002) HM WM
British Columbia (Capital Regional District), Victoria — Sahsima
Sahsima, meaning "harpoon", was the original name identified by Songhees elder James Fraser for the point where the Chinese Cemetery is located. Hayls the Transformer, with spirit companions Raven and Mink, came by in his canoe, frightening away . . . — Map (db m75313) HM
British Columbia (Capital Regional District), Victoria — Spewhung
Turkey Head was known by the indigenous people as Spewhung. A large shell-midden along this shoreline indicates that this was an ancient village site to which first peoples brought many fish, bird, mammal and plant resources. Food was . . . — Map (db m75329) HM
British Columbia (Capital Regional District), Victoria — Tlikwaynung
This small islet and the adjacent shore were once an indigenous encampment connected with the village at McNeill Bay, Chikawich, to the west. The people living here ate over 20 species of fish and 15 species of birds, as well as deer, sea . . . — Map (db m75340) HM
Newfoundland and Labrador (Division No. 10, Newfoundland and Labrador (Labrad), L'Anse-au-Loup — L’Anse Amour BurialSite funéraire de l’anse Amour
English: This mound of rocks is the earliest known funeral monument in the new world and marks the burial place of an Indian child who died about 7500 years ago. The Maritime Archaic people, to whom the child belonged, occupied this area . . . — Map (db m79551) HM
Newfoundland and Labrador (Division No. 9 (North Peninsula)), St Lunaire-Griquet — The End of a Quest: L’aboutissement d’une quêteFishing for the Past: À la recherche du passé
English: Following clues in the ancient Icelandic sagas, and the writings of Viking scholars and enthusiasts, Norwegian writer and explorer Helge Ingstad arrived at L’Anse aux Meadows in 1960. When he asked whether there were any unusual . . . — Map (db m79650) HM
Ontario, Ottawa — Silent Messengers of the ArcticInuksuk created by Kananginak Pootoogook, 1997
For generations, the Inuit have been creating impressive stone markers on the Arctic landscape. Inuksuk means "acting in the capacity of a human." They serve many functions, including guiding travellers, warning of danger, assisting hunters and . . . — Map (db m39750) HM
Ontario (Niagara Region), Niagara Falls — The Inukshuk

The inukshuk (pronounced IN-OOK-SHOOK) means “in the image of man.” These magnificent lifelike figures of stone erected by the Inuit people are unique to the Canadian Arctic.

The traditional purpose of an . . . — Map (db m79021) HM

Ontario (Toronto, Municipality of Metropolitan), Toronto — Charles Trick Currelly 1876-1957
Born in Exeter, Huron County, this renowned archaeologist, teacher and administrator was educated locally and in Toronto. Completing his studies at Victoria College, he received his B.A. from the University of Toronto in 1898 and his M.A. in 1901. . . . — Map (db m83666) HM
Quebec (Côte-Nord), Blanc-Sablon — Blanc-SablonNaishipinut
English: For nearly nine thousand years, Aboriginal peoples have been drawn to Blanc-Sablon's abundant shoreline resources. Research conducted on more than sixty archaeological sites along the western bank of the Blanc-Sablon River . . . — Map (db m79604) HM
Quebec (Côte-Nord), Blanc-Sablon — Blanc-Sablon National Historic SiteLieu historique national de Blanc-Sablon — Naishipiunt utenau shashish aitashtakanit
English: The Blanc-Sablon National Historic Site of Canada, also recognised as Cultural Property in Québec, holds a signifiant place in the history of the Quebec- Labrador coast. Artefacts found at this site represent 9,000 years of . . . — Map (db m79605) HM
Czech Republic, Hlavní město Praha, Prague — Vojta Náprstek
In Czech: V tomto domĕ žil a zemřel Vojta Náprstek 1826-1894 Bojovník za kulturní a společenský pokrok R 1862 položil základy Náprstokova Muzea Translated, the marker reads: In this house lived and . . . — Map (db m23067) HM
El Salvador, Cuscatlán, Suchitoto — Church PlatformPlataforma de Iglesia
La iglesia de la Trinidad era la que funcionaba dentro de la villa de San Salvador y en 1539 ó 1540 se llevó a cabo el primer matrimonio religioso documentado en el territorio. Este fue entre Francisco Castellón y Catalina Gutiérrez, mujer mestiza, . . . — Map (db m93954) HM
El Salvador, Cuscatlán, Suchitoto — Ciudad Vieja Archaeological SiteSitio Arqueológico Ciudad Vieja de El Salvador
El proceso de la conquista española de América generó diversos paisajes culturales en los cuales se plasmó la huella, tanto de los conquistadores como de los conquistados. La prístina Villa de San Salvador fue fundada en 1525 por orden de Pedro de . . . — Map (db m93975) HM
El Salvador, Cuscatlán, Suchitoto — 2 — Streets of Ciudad ViejaCalles de Ciudad Vieja
Esta forma urbana tiene como elemento de orígen la Plaza Mayor, de la cual se desprende una serie de calles que permiten, por la simplicidad de su diseño, acoplarse a las necesidades de división y parcelación en solares, además de proporcionar un . . . — Map (db m93968) HM
El Salvador, Cuscatlán, Suchitoto — 6 — Structure 1D1 or Southern Surveillance PointEstructura 1D1 o Puesto de Vigilancia Sur
El puesto de vigilancia sur, ubicado a las afueras del trazo urbano tenía como objetivo controlar toda actividad que pusiera en peligro la vida de los habitantes de la villa, especialmente de los ataques de las poblaciones indígenas locales. Este . . . — Map (db m93963) HM
El Salvador, Cuscatlán, Suchitoto — 5 — Structure 4D1Estructura 4D1
Esta estructura fue de las últimas investigadas y restauradas en el sitio en el año 2011. Debido a los materiales arqueológicos encontrados, como escoria de hierro, carbón, clavos y tachuelas, esta estructura posiblemente fue un lugar para comercio . . . — Map (db m93929) HM
El Salvador, La Libertad, Antiguo Cuscatlán — Quetzalcoat's StonePiedra Tacitas
Los monolitos de las piedras tacitas son parte de nuestra cultura ancestral. Fueron encontrados en lo que fue la ribera sur de la antigua laguna en 1971. Según el arqueólogo Tomas Fideas Jimenez, en la tradición religiosa pipil, estos monolitos . . . — Map (db m88383) HM
El Salvador, La Libertad, Ciudad Arce — Abandonment of the San Andrés Archaeological Site
El sitio fue abandonado antes de la erupción de El Boquerón, esto puede coincidir con el llamado colapso maya Desde 2011 se realizan trabajos de investigación en este montículo ubicado sobre una plataforma aun no excavada. Los trabajos han . . . — Map (db m92662) HM
El Salvador, La Libertad, Ciudad Arce — Indigo Production at San Andrés
En San Andrés funcionó una hacienda añilera durante la época colonial De acuerdo a algunas fuentes, en las haciendas añileras de la época colonial se conjugaba la producción de añil, el cultivo de granos básicos y la ganadería. La primera . . . — Map (db m92676) HM
El Salvador, La Libertad, Ciudad Arce — San Andrés Archaeological SiteSitio Arqueológico San Andrés
Ubicación En el valle de Zapotitán, municipio de Ciudad de Arce, departamento de La Libertad. Coordenadas (al centro de la Acrópolis): N 13º 48’ 3.7” latitud, W 89º 23’ 21.7” longitud UTM 24168mE/1527010mN 16P . . . — Map (db m92654) HM
El Salvador, La Libertad, Ciudad Arce — San Andrés was an extensive prehispanic settlementSan Andrés fue un extenso asentamiento prehispánico
De acuerdo a las investigaciones, durante esa época San Andrés estaba formado por un centro monumental y una extensa zona residencial alrededor. El primero estaba constituido por dos sectores: La Gran Acrópolis y un espacio amplio llamado la . . . — Map (db m92673) HM
El Salvador, La Libertad, Ciudad Arce — Structure 7 at San Andrés Archaeological Site
Un importante ofrenda fue encontrada en esta edificación Este edificio es único, construido con un núcleo de tlalpetate y adobe y revestido con piedra volcánica cortada, la escalinata corresponde a la fachada de la estructura, donde se encontró . . . — Map (db m92659) HM
El Salvador, San Salvador, Aguilares — Cihuatan Conservation ProjectProyecto de Conservación Cihuatán
Fondo del Embajador para la Conservación Cultural En 1929, Antonio Sol realizó las primeras excavaciones arqueológicas en la historia de El Salvador aquí, en la pirámide principal de la antigua ciudad de Cihuatán. Ahora, 85 años después, se . . . — Map (db m87668) HM
El Salvador, San Salvador — The American HippopotamusEl Hipopótamo Americano
Toxodonte o Hipopotamo americano Mixotoxodon larensis Se originaron en Sur America y logran llegar hasta el sur de Mexico cuando se consolida el puente centroamericano, que origino el gran intercambio biótico centroamericano, hace unos tres . . . — Map (db m93000) HM
El Salvador, Santa Ana, Chalchuapa — Dr. Stanley Boggs
El Consejo Nacional para la Cultura y el Arte CONCULTURA Nomina al Museo del Parque Arqueológico Tazumal: “Doctor Stanley H. Boggs” Como reconocimiento por su valioso aporte en la investigación arqueológica del pais y . . . — Map (db m86195) HM
France, Aquitaine (Dordogne Département), Rouffignac-Saint-Cernin-de-Reil — Les Gravures et Peintures Prehistoirques de Rouffignac[Prehistoric Engravings and Paintings of Rouffignac]
furent scientifiquement découvertes le 29 juin 1956 par le professeur Louis-René Nougier, directeur de l’Institut d’Art Préhistorique de l’Université de Toulouse Romain Robert, Président – Fondateur de la Société Préhistoirque de l’Ariège . . . — Map (db m60391) HM
France, Aquitaine (Dordogne Département), Saint-Léon-sur-Vézère — Georges Grant MacCurdy
A la gloire du Professeur American Georges Grant MacCurdy 1865-1947 fondateur de la chaire de prehistoire française de l’Universite de Harvard et de la mission scientifique us des Eyzies et du prehistorien Louis Didon 1865-1927 de Perigueux pour . . . — Map (db m60389) HM
Germany, Bavaria, Nuremberg — Leopold Einstein
[Marker text in German:] Hier wohnte Leopold Einstein Geb. 1833 — Gest. 1890 Nürnberger Pionier der Internationalen Sprache Esperanto [Marker text translated into English:] Here lived Leopold Einstein, . . . — Map (db m58002) HM
Guatemala, Guatemala, Guatemala City — Assassination of Myrna Mack
En este lugar, el 11 de septiembre de 1990 fue asesinada la antropologa Myrna Mack Su familia, colegas y amigos rendimos homenaje a su memoria. Ella dio su vida para que otros tengan vida. (Juan 10:10) Guatemala, Septiembre 11, 1991 English . . . — Map (db m91768) HM
Guatemala, Guatemala, Guatemala City — Ceremonial Area
Área de Ceremonias Kaminaljuyú es un Lugar Sagrado donde se realizan rituales para comunicarse con el Ajaw Creador y Formador. Aquí se realizan ceremonias de agradecimiento, petición, para curar enfermedades, propiciatorias de eventos, . . . — Map (db m94046) HM
Guatemala, Guatemala, Guatemala City — La Palangana Building Complex
Edificio La Palangana Esta área se divide en dos plazas, una interior y una superior. Al centro de la Plaza interior se observa una estructura de estilo talud-tablero que contenía un entierro. Este edificio se construyó en el año 500 DC con . . . — Map (db m94044) HM
Guatemala, Guatemala, Guatemala City — Monuments in La Palangana
Monumentos en La Palangana Estos con monumentos ó estelas lisas que se usaron a partir del año 800 AC. Son de formación natural y alisados por el hombre. Se colocaban orientadas en una línea aunque estos ejemplos se encontraron adentro de la . . . — Map (db m94045) HM
Guatemala, Guatemala, Guatemala City — The Acropolis at Kaminaljuyú
La Acrópolis Aquí se construyeron plataformas sencillas en el Preclásico Tardío (100 AC) que se modificaron en 500 DC, cuando se estableció el centro político y administrativo de Kaminaljuyu en este lugar. Se usaron bloques de piedra pómez y . . . — Map (db m94080) HM
Guatemala, Guatemala, Guatemala City — The Mirador Canal
Spanish: Reproducción a escala del "Canal Mirador" que corría, en dirección SE, muy cerca de donde usted se encuentra. Llevaba agua del Lago Miraflores hacia comunidades y campos de cultivo aledaños. Este canal contaba con compuertas de . . . — Map (db m93434) HM
Guatemala, Retalhuleu, El Asintal — Guacalitos StationEstación Guacalitos
Monumento 11 Contiene cinco glifos de figura de cabeza completa, en el lateral derecho una anotación correspondiente al número 11, y bajo éste el simbolo de un posible kin. Éstos signos pueden representar el inicio de la evolucón de la escritura . . . — Map (db m92120) HM
Guatemala, Retalhuleu, El Asintal — Piecitos Station
Altar 46 - "Piecitos" Roca colocada en la fila este de monumentos sobre la superficie de la gran Estructura 7. Tiene un par de huellas de pies genialmente esculpidos en su superficie. Estas huellas estan orientadas 115°NE, exactamente donde aparece . . . — Map (db m92168) HM
Guatemala, Retalhuleu, El Asintal — Plaza Tukur Balam
Los mayas como grandes arquitectos y escultores, construyeron en esta plaza cinco estructuras en forma ordenada en los extremos este y oeste, creando así un espacio con función ceremonial en su recorrido, como una singular característica el . . . — Map (db m92093) HM
Guatemala, Retalhuleu, El Asintal — Stela 18 StationEstación Stela 18
Estela 18 Esta fué tallada en roca metamórfica tipo gneis y no proviene de la región. Esto hace pensar en el extraordinario esfuerzo que implicó el transporte de la roca desde su lugar de orígen, hecho que refleja el poder y la riqueza de Tak'alik . . . — Map (db m92169) HM
Guatemala, Retalhuleu, El Asintal — Structure 11Tak'alik Ab'aj National Archaeological Park
Estructura 11 Al igual que la Estructura 5, esta estructura fue construida totalmente con barro. A través del tiempo se le realizaron cinco remodelaciones y en la última, se construye al centro de la fachada oeste una escalinata con 13 gradas de . . . — Map (db m92090) HM
Guatemala, Retalhuleu, El Asintal — Sweat LodgeEstación Chuj
Fué una costumbre maya y estaba ligada a su vida ceremonial, con énfasis en la purificación y lo terapéutico. En las tierras bajas mayas, el chuj se encuentra asociado a estructuras importantes como palacios, juego de pelota y casas de élite. . . . — Map (db m92118) HM
Guatemala, Retalhuleu, El Asintal — Tanmi Tnam PlazaEstación Plaza Tanmi Tnam
Esta plaza es componente del patrón de asentamiento de la ciudad Tak'alik Ab'aj, donde se construyeron edificaciones tipo plataforma. Al recorrer esta plaza, los visitantes harán un paseo por un antiguo museo creado por los pobladores de esta . . . — Map (db m92170) HM
Alabama (Dallas County), Beloit — Cahawba
Site of Alabama's first permanent capital 1820-26. County seat Dallas County, 1820-66. Prison for Union soldiers during the War Between the States 1863-65. Indians were the first inhabitants over 4000 years ago. Their large fortified village could . . . — Map (db m75779) HM
Alaska (Denali Borough), Denali National Park — Ice Age HuntersThe Deadliest Predators
High above river valleys, at overlooks like this, Denali’s first human visitors watch for mammoth, giant bison, and caribou. Ridge tops made the best game launching platforms; herds tend to follow sheltered stream corridors. Hunters had to be . . . — Map (db m69724) HM
Arizona (Cochise County), Hereford — Lehner Mammoth Kill Site
At this location in 1952, a large bone bed was discovered containing the remains of extinct mammoth, tapir, bison and horse. Found with the bones were the weapons and tools of the Indians who had killed and butchered these animals. The bones and . . . — Map (db m43633) HM
Arizona (Coconino County), Flagstaff — A Gathering Place
]Panel 1:] Between 1100 and 1200, more people lived in this area than ever before, or since. Located along routes linking large populations to the northeast and south, villages here were well situated for trade. As people, goods, and ideas . . . — Map (db m60079) HM
Arizona (Coconino County), Flagstaff — A Legacy of the Past
Box Canyon and Lomaki ruins are a short 15-minute walk from here, along the edges of ancient earthcracks. The 1/4-mile trail will take you back in time over 800 years to the remnants of this once-thriving community. You will see the few native . . . — Map (db m60114) HM
Arizona (Coconino County), Flagstaff — A Village/Abandonment
A Village You are entering the “Citadel,” a ruin from the late 1100s. Research has not been completed so it is important that we leave things as they are. Will there be extra storage spaces found, possible evidence for the . . . — Map (db m60089) HM
Arizona (Coconino County), Flagstaff — Ancient Landscapes
Eight hundred years ago, a savannah-like grassland covered much of this high desert with abundant grasses. The residents would have collected and burned much of the nearby fuel, necessitating long walks to adjacent areas to gather wood. Sparse . . . — Map (db m60105) HM
Arizona (Coconino County), Flagstaff — Box Canyon Ruins
The Box Canyon ruins are typical of many pueblos found in this region. Early inhabitants constructed walls of nearby sandstone and limestone, and used local soils to cement the stones together. The flat roofs were built of timbers laid side-by-side, . . . — Map (db m60094) HM
Arizona (Coconino County), Flagstaff — Daily Life
Plaza An open area in the pueblo near the rim of the earthcrack is known as the plaza. In pueblos, the plaza was the center for many daily activities including grinding corn, making pottery, working obsidian into arrowheads, processing other . . . — Map (db m60110) HM
Arizona (Coconino County), Flagstaff — Dry Land Farming
Volcanic activity to the south produced giant fissures or earthcracks throughout the Wupatki area in the Kaibab Limestone. This formation covers most of the western half of Wupatki National Monument. The Sinagua and Anasazi Indians who inhabited . . . — Map (db m60098) HM
Arizona (Coconino County), Flagstaff — Sunset Crater Volcano
The distant San Francisco Peaks would have looked much like they do today. To the east, however, Sunset Crater Volcano would still have been belching black smoke and cinders when the Sinagua and Anasazi lived here. The thick layer of cinders over . . . — Map (db m60107) HM
Arizona (Coconino County), Flagstaff — The Citadel / Natural Features
The Citadel It was a remarkable achievement, to use primitive mortar and local stones to build the walls above you straight up from the edge of the top of the rock. “The Citadel” is the modern name given to this ruin because . . . — Map (db m60087) HM
Arizona (Coconino County), Flagstaff — Wukoki
Wukoki, a modern Hopi word for “Big House” was once home for two or three prehistoric Indian families. The inhabitants are believed to have been of the Kayenta Anasazi culture, judging from the types of artifacts found during excavation . . . — Map (db m60078) HM
Arizona (Coconino County), Grand Canyon National Park — Tusayan Museum and Ruin
Cohonina and ancestral Pueblo (Kayenta Anasazi) people lived in this area in prehistoric time. The ancestral Puebloans built Tusayan about AD 1185. A visit to the museum and a short walk through the remains of the village will furnish a glimpse of . . . — Map (db m39631) HM
Arizona (Coconino County), Grand Canyon National Park — Tusayan Ruin Trail
Allow about 30 minutes to tour Tusayan Ruin. The 0.1 mile loop trail through the main ruin is paved and wheelchair-accessible; the side loop to a prehistoric farming site is not. Signs along the way explain the site's features. An interpretive . . . — Map (db m39633) HM
Arizona (Coconino County), Sunset Crater Volcano National Monument — "The Peaks"
They dominate the horizon, rising 12,633 feet (3851 m) to Arizona's highest point. Visible for miles from all directions, they stand guard over a land which has long sustained people in spirit and natural resources. All of the region's Native . . . — Map (db m41664) HM
Arizona (Coconino County), Wupatki National Monument — The Blowhole
This blowhole - a crevice in the earth's crust that appears to breathe - is one of several found in the Wupatki area. It connects to an underground passage - size, depth, and complexity unknown - called an earthcrack. Earthcracks resulted from . . . — Map (db m41701) HM
Arizona (Navajo County), Shonto — Sandal TrailNavajo National Monument
Follow the easy one-mile (1.6 km) round-trip trail to a point overlooking Betatakin Ruin—multi-level cliff-village home to a community of 13th-century Anasazi farmers. On the way there and back, you’ll be walking through pygmy . . . — Map (db m71519) HM
Arizona (Navajo County), Shonto — SweathouseNavajo National Monument
This miniature forked-stick hogan without a smoke hole is actually a highly effective bath — an ancient solution to the problem of keeping clean in a land where water is scarce. Here’s how it works: Stones are heated in a fire, then . . . — Map (db m71517) HM
Arizona (Navajo County), Shonto — Upside-down MountainNavajo National Monument
Hidden away in Tsegi Canyon’s wilderness of bare rock, sand, and sparse vegetation are surprising pockets of luxuriant growth. Betatakin Canyon—home to a village of prehistoric cliff-dwellings farmers—is one of these oases. Fir Canyon, . . . — Map (db m71514) HM
Arizona (Yavapai County), Montezuma Castle National Monument — Lifeline / Prehistoric Produce
Lifeline Beaver Creek has always been a major focus of life in the Verde Valley. Prehistoric Sinagua farmers constructed Montezuma Castle and other structures near the creek. They dug ditches to carry creek water to irrigate the fields of . . . — Map (db m40868) HM
Arizona (Yavapai County), Montezuma Castle National Monument — Macaw Pen Stone?
Could This Stone Be The Opening to a Macaw Pen? Where Did This Stone Come From? Who Used It? Why Is This Stone at Montezuma Castle? Did the Ancient Sinaguans Possibly Raise Macaws Here? In the 15th century, near modern-day Casa . . . — Map (db m40895) HM
Arizona (Yavapai County), Montezuma Castle National Monument — The Community
A farming community of perhaps 200 people prospered here for more than three centuries. The Castle was home to 35 or so of these people. Archeologists suggest they may have fled what is today the Flagstaff area due to overpopulation around A.D. . . . — Map (db m40840) HM
Arizona (Yavapai County), Montezuma Castle National Monument — The Neighborhood / Mysterious Departures
The Neighborhood You can see Montezuma Castle and Castle A from here. If you look closely at the Cliffside, you might spot other ledges and caves used by the Sinagua. The Sinagua people who made their homes here may have been a . . . — Map (db m40869) HM
Arizona (Yavapai County), Montezuma Castle National Monument — The People Next Door
Here’s another “castle” – this one called “A” by the archeologists who excavated it in the 1930s. Like neighboring Montezuma Castle, Castle A was occupied by Sinagua farmers between A.D. 1200 and 1450. However, with . . . — Map (db m40863) HM
Arizona (Yavapai County), Montezuma Castle National Monument — The Way Up / Construction Sequence
The Way Up How in the world do you build a structure large enough to house 35 people high up on a steep canyon wall? Sound impossible? Here’s how Montezuma Castle’s ingenious Sinagua farmers managed it. Construction Sequence 1. . . . — Map (db m40860) HM
Arizona (Yavapai County), Montezuma Castle National Monument — Welcome to The Castle
Pause a few moments to enjoy this view of Montezuma Castle. Don't you suppose it must have stopped the settlers and soldiers who first saw the cliff-dwelling over a century ago? The odd name came from a mistaken belief that the cliff-dwelling . . . — Map (db m40819) HM
California (Humboldt County), Orick — Madison Grant Forest and Elk RefugeDedicated to the Memory of Madison Grant — 1865-1937
Conservationist, author, anthropologist, a founder of the Save-the-Redwoods League.

This area of 1600 acres, habitat of the last surviving herd in California of Roosevelt Elk is established as a memorial by · De Forest Grant · John D. . . . — Map (db m32569) HM

California (Imperial County), Ocotillo — Jay C. von Werlhof
The Imperial Valley College Desert Museum represents the creative vision of noted archaeologist and anthropologist Jay Crawford von Werlhof (1923-2009) A prolific author, von Werlhof wrote many scholarly books and articles on the archaeology . . . — Map (db m82451) HM
California (Kern County), McKittick — Painted Rock
Rising above the Carrizo Plain is Painted Rock, an important cultural and spiritual site to California’s native peoples. Most of the pictographs, or painted images found on Painted Rock, are characteristic of the Chumash who lived on the Channel . . . — Map (db m52158) HM
California (Kern County), Tehachapi — 1054 — Tomo-Kahni
In the Kawaiisu language, tomo-kahni means winter village. The site's location between the coast and desert allowed the site occupants to hold an important place for trade between these areas and the southern Central Valley. The sacred rock art . . . — Map (db m92889) HM
California (Lassen County), Westwood — Paul BunyanThe Legend Lives On
Paul Bunyan has been the hero of lumberjack whopper tales that were handed down for generations in the camps of White Pine lumbermen in the north eastern forests of America. In 1913 the Walker family who owned the Red River Mill in Minnesota, moved . . . — Map (db m56687) HM
California (Riverside County), Blythe — 101 — Giant Desert Figures
Times of origin and meaning of these giant figures, the largest 167 feet long, smallest 95 feet, remains a mystery. There are three figures, two of animals and a coiled serpent, and some interesting lines. [Panel #1] Blythe . . . — Map (db m50992) HM
California (Riverside County), Hemet — 104 — Pochea Indian Village Site
Pochea was one of cluster of Indian villages forming the very large settlement of Pahsitna which extended along the ridge east and west of Ramona Bowl. Pahsitnah was thriving when the Spanish first passed by in 1774. A tragic story tells of the . . . — Map (db m50668) HM
California (San Bernardino County), Goffs — 61 — Pah-Ute CreekFort Pah-Ute — Mojave Road
Pah-Ute Creek, which runs year around, attracted many Indian tribes, who used several Indian trails through this area. The first white man to visit Pah-Ute Creek was Fr. Francisco Garces in May of 1776. It was given it's name by Lt. A.W. Whipple . . . — Map (db m78577) HM
California (San Bernardino County), Lucerne Valley — 737 — Chimney Rock
Conflicts between Indians and white settlers over the rich lands of the San Bernardino Mountains culminated in The Battle at Chimney Rock on February 16, 1867. Although the Indians defended themselves fiercely, they were forced to retreat into the . . . — Map (db m63982) HM
California (San Bernardino County), Newberry-Baker — 16 — Jack and Ida Mitchell
Modern Pioneers, Miner and Geologist who helped to preserve these caverns — Map (db m78594) HM
California (Ventura County), Piru — 624 — Portolá Expedition
On August 11, 1769, the explorers and priests accompanying Portolá found a populous village of Piru Indians near this point. Carrying their bowstrings loose, the Indians offered necklaces of stones, in exchange for which Portolá presented them with . . . — Map (db m51034) HM
Colorado (Montezuma County), Cortez — Yucca House National Monument
Yucca House National Monument Dec. 19, 1919. A fine example of a valley pueblo being held by National Park Service — Map (db m71498) HM
Colorado (Montezuma County), Mesa Verde — Canyon BarriersMesa Verde National Park
Surrounded by deep canyons, villages here seem isolated, cut off from people on other mesas. Look closely at these cliffs and imagine hand and toe trails pecked into the sheer sandstone. These vertical trails were the Anasazi’s highways; steep . . . — Map (db m71206) HM
Colorado (Montezuma County), Mesa Verde — Oak Tree HouseMesa Verde National Park
Adapting to Alcoves To level the sloping alcove floor, the Anasazi filled in behind retaining walls. The altered floor not only supported rooms but also provided working space and a safe play area for children. Oak Tree House appears to . . . — Map (db m71209) HM
Colorado (Montezuma County), Mesa Verde — Pithouse LifeMesa Verde National Park
There is an enormous gap between identifying pithouse features—the hollows and scattered stones—and visualizing the inhabitants’ daily lives. Set in the four corner post holes, timbers supported a ceiling that was probably head-high. . . . — Map (db m71203) HM
Colorado (Montezuma County), Mesa Verde — Split-Level HistoryMesa Verde National Park
Mesa-top and Alcove Living Although the Puebloan used the cliff alcoves throughout the entire time they lived in Mesa Verde, the cliff dwellings themselves were not built until the final 75-100 years of occupation. For over 600 years these . . . — Map (db m71207) HM
District of Columbia, Washington — 18 — The Sage of AnacostiaAn East-of-the River View — Anacostia Heritage Trail
This imposing property once belonged to Anacostia’s most famous resident: Frederick Douglass. After escaping slavery as a young man, Douglass rose to become a distinguished abolitionist, writer, publisher, and orator. By the 1860s Douglass was one . . . — Map (db m88723) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), National Mall — Colossal Head 4 (replica)Olmec Culture — San Lorenzo Tenochtitlan, Vera Cruz, 1200-900 B.C.E.
This portrait of an Olmec ruler is among 17 colossal heads known from one of the world’s great ancient civilizations. Without wheels or iron tools, the Olmec created spectacular monumental sculptures and ceremonial centers on Mexico’s Gulf Coast. . . . — Map (db m39628) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Pleasant Plains — "Treat Me Refined"Lift Every Voice — Georgia Ave./Pleasant Plains Heritage Trail
The House at 3017 Sherman Avenue once was a boardinghouse for Howard University students. In 1923 a determined and talented young woman from the tiny town of Eatonville, Florida, lived here while earning an Associates Degree at Howard. In a short . . . — Map (db m65674) HM
Florida (Escambia County), Pensacola — F-313 — Hawkshaw
(Side 1) The Hawkshaw site has supported prehistoric and historic occupations which span a period of nearly 2,000 years. It was inhabited around A.D. 150 by groups of Native Americans whom archaeologists call the Deptford Culture. Scientific . . . — Map (db m72238) HM
Florida (Hernando County), Bayport — F-788 — The Bayport Area Before Human Occupation/Bayport's First People
(side 1) The Bayport Area Before Human Occupation The fossilized remains of many prehistoric animals and plants are buried in the Bayport area. During the Eocene Period, 45 million years ago (MYA), the Gulf covered this region. . . . — Map (db m93296) HM
Florida (Hillsborough County), Tampa — Old Fort Brooke Municipal Parking Structure1982
On this site was located the first cemetery for Fort Brooke, a U.S. military post dating from 1824 to 1882. Seminole Indians, soldiers and civilian settlers buried here were excavated by archaeologists in 1980 prior to construction of the parking . . . — Map (db m44377) HM
Florida (Lee County), Fort Myers — People and Plants
The story of people and plants provides a continuous thread from the Calusa to early Estero Island settlers, and to the present and future generations. With all the great advances in science and technology, people still rely on natural resources to . . . — Map (db m90988) HM
Florida (Miami-Dade County), Miami — Brickell Park
The Brickell Family donated Brickell Park to Miami in 1921 as a preserve for the family mausoleum. Their remains are now in Woodlawn Cemetery. Brickell Park is one of the few parks connecting Brickell Avenue to the shoreline of Biscayne Bay. From . . . — Map (db m65647) HM
Florida (Miami-Dade County), Miami — Mary Brickell Park
The Tequesta Indians were the indigenous people of Miami prior to European contact. Mary Brickell Park encompasses a portion of what was the largest Tequesta village in southeast Florida. Archaeological evidence reveals that this site was in use . . . — Map (db m65648) HM
Florida (Miami-Dade County), Miami — Saving the Circle
The Miami Circle site would not exist today if it were not for the support of the community. Public outcry over the impending destruction of the Miami Circle led to additional archaeological research and preservation of the 2.2 acre parcel of . . . — Map (db m65471) HM
Florida (Miami-Dade County), Miami — The Miami Circle
On this spot of land at the mouth of the Miami River, a historic discovery shed new light on one of Florida's early peoples - the Tequesta. During the demolition of the Brickell Point apartments in 1998, archaeologists uncovered preshistoric . . . — Map (db m65644) HM
Florida (Miami-Dade County), Miami — The Miami Circle at Brickell Point
The Miami Circle at Brickell Point has been designated a National Historic Landmark This site possesses national significance in commemorating the history of the United States of America. The Miami Circle is a 38-foot diameter ring of post . . . — Map (db m65646) HM
Florida (Miami-Dade County), Palmetto Bay — The Deering Estate at CutlerEstablished 1890
Listed on the National Register of Historic Places since 1986, the Deering Estate at Cutler is a 444 acre environmental, archaeological, historical and architectural preserve owned by the State of Florida and managed by the Miami-Dade County Park . . . — Map (db m73439) HM
Florida (Pinellas County), Safety Harbor — Safety Harbor Site
. . . — Map (db m13646) HM
Florida (Pinellas County), Tierra Verde — F-90 — Tierra Verde Mound
A large Indian burial mound was built near this spot about 1500 A.D. It was used for some years by the inhabitants of a nearby Safety Harbor culture village, Indians who were among the ancestors of the later Tocobago tribe. Excavation in 1961 by . . . — Map (db m13679) HM
Florida (Polk County), Mulberry — The Mulberry Time Capsule
This marker commemorates the dedication of the Mulberry Time Capsule. The capsule was placed here on June 12, 1977 by the Greater Mulberry Chamber of Commerce. The capsule will be opened in the year 2076 to view the mememtoes of the 1976 . . . — Map (db m4984) HM
Florida (Putnam County), Welaka — Mount Royal
(panel 1) Mount Royal Mount Royal is an ancient American Indian site that includes the burial mound beyond this display, as well a the remains of a Spanish mission and associated village. The mound was built around 1,000 years ago by . . . — Map (db m93077) HM
Florida (Putnam County), Welaka — F-299 — The Mount Royal Site
Indians constructed the mound and earthworks of this site between A.D. 1250 and 1500. They built the mound as a place to bury their dead, and it grew in phases. When Clarence B. Moore excavated portions of the mound in the 1890s, he discovered . . . — Map (db m93075) HM
Florida (Sarasota County), Osprey — Historic Spanish Point
Front Side of Marker: This 30-acre preserve includes prehistoric shell middens and a burial mound dating from 3,000 B.C. to 1,000 A.D., buildings from the homestead of John Greene Webb, and gardens from the winter estate of Mrs. Potter . . . — Map (db m60326) HM
Florida (Sarasota County), Sarasota — Indian Beach
5,000 years ago, prehistoric Indians seasonally came to these shore, drawn by freshwater springs, bays teeming with fish and shellfish, and woods rich with game. By 1000 A.D. their middens, ceremonial mounds, and a village plaza stood nearby. . . . — Map (db m60327) HM
Florida (Seminole County), Geneva — King Philipstown/Osceola
(side 1) Here, where the St. Johns River emerges from near-by Lake Harney, stands a shell mound complex significant to the history and pre-history of Seminole County. The mound has been examined by anthropologists Daniel Britton in the . . . — Map (db m93040) HM
Florida (Seminole County), Sanford — Sanford's First Residents
Over 1,000 years ago, the Timucua (tee-MOO-quo) people established villages in this area. They fished, hunted, and grew crops such as maize, squash, and beans. By the 1700s, the Timucuans began to disappear as they succumbed to war and disease . . . — Map (db m55389) HM
Georgia (Dekalb County), Decatur — 044-1 — Steatite Boulder
This steatite boulder was found on the site of a prehistoric quarry along Soapstone Ridge 8 miles south of Decatur. It shows the methods of Indians in making stone bowls, with the first girdling of the stone to remove workable cores. It is estimated . . . — Map (db m8752) HM
Georgia (Early County), Blakely — 049-10 — Kolomoki Mounds Archaeological Area
You are at the edge of one of the largest and most important mound groups in the southeastern United States. Most of this complex of mounds was constructed about A. D. 200-600. Archaeologists call this period the Middle Woodland Period and the . . . — Map (db m48243) HM
Georgia (Glynn County), Jekyll Island — 63-16 — Tabby
Tabby was the building material for walls, floors, and roofs widely used throughout coastal Georgia during the Military and Plantation Eras. It was composed of equal parts of sand, lime, oyster shell and water mixed into a mortar and poured into . . . — Map (db m17578) HM
Georgia (Murray County), Chatsworth — Mystery Shrouds Fort Mountain
The trail to the north of this site leads to the mysterious and prehistoric wall of loose rocks from which Fort Mountain takes its name. Many generations of explorers, archaeologists, geologists, historians and sight-seers have wondered about the . . . — Map (db m46359) HM
Georgia (Walker County), Chickamauga — American Indian Occupation of the AreaHistoric Chickamauga Georgia
There were humans living in what is now Walker County as early as around 10,000 B.C. For thousands of years the people subsisted through hunting and gathering of wild plant foods. The Middle Woodland period (ca. 200 B.C. - 400 A.D.) was marked by . . . — Map (db m77661) HM
Hawaii (Hawaii County), Kawaihae — Pu'ukohola HeiauA Sacred Place Since Prehistoric Times
A heiau (temple) at Pu’ukohola was built long before Kamehameha started construction on the heiau that you see. This showed great vision and strategy on the part of the kahuna (priests). The heiau was physically very prominent and imposing on the . . . — Map (db m71886) HM
Hawaii (Hawaii County), Keauhou — Hale Mua
This archaeological site has been identified as a men's house associated with a person of chiefly rank who resided at the Lonoikamakahiki Residence. Hydration-Rind dating performed by the Bishop Museum indicated that the major portion of this site . . . — Map (db m39410) HM
Hawaii (Hawaii County), Keauhou — Inikiwai Ku'ula Heiau
This archaeological site is known as the Inikiwai Heiau. It is sometimes known as the Pahe'ehe'e Ku'ula. Hawaiian Fishermen built these shrines on promontories along the seashore or near ponds and streams. These shrines are a place for . . . — Map (db m39305) HM
Hawaii (Hawaii County), Keauhou — Lonoikamakahiki Residence
This archaeological site is known as the Lonoikamakahiki Residence. It is believed that during different periods of time, four great Hawaiian kings lived at this site. These kings were Umi, Lonoikamakahiki, Kalaniopuu, and . . . — Map (db m39409) HM
Hawaii (Hawaii County), Waikoloa Village — The Waikoloa Petroglyph Field
Before you lies one of the major concentrations of ancient rock carvings in the Hawaiian Islands. Boundaries were not crossed casually in old Hawaii, and the thousands of surface carvings here, just north of the border between the ancient kingdoms . . . — Map (db m4247) HM
Hawaii (Kauai County), Kawaihae — Pu'ukohola Heiau National Historic Site
Welcome to Pu’ukohola Heiau, one of the most famous heiau (temples) in the Hawaiian Islands. This heiau is an integral component of the traditional Hawaiian social, political, and religious systems, and a significant place in the history of King . . . — Map (db m71874) HM
Indiana (Allen County), Fort Wayne — Fort Wayne ~ Fort Dearborn Trail
An ancient Indian trail, through Pottawattomie country, variably called the Dragoon, White Pigeon, Great Northwestern and Fort Dearborn Road. After 1795 used for mail delivery between Fort Wayne and Fort Dearborn. Captain Wells, Wayne spy, was slain . . . — Map (db m20782) HM
Indiana (Boone County), Thorntown — 06.1961.1 — Indian CemeteryEel River Tribe of Miamis
Ka-wi-a-ki-un-gi Village "Place of Thorns" (Thorntown) was center of 64, 000 acre Thorntown Indian Reserve. Granted to Eel River Miamis in 1818, ceded to U.S. in 1828. — Map (db m21352) HM
Indiana (Putnam County), Greencastle — The Ancient Peoples Who Once Walked Here
We seldom pause to think of the peoples who long ago (some say 13,000 B.C. - 8,000 B. C.) Moved back and forth across this land. We know nothing, about these “Old Ones” and their times, they left no traces visible to us. They are known . . . — Map (db m56415) HM
Indiana (Warren County), Williamsport — The Trail of Death
In 1838 a band of over 800 Potawatomi Indians were forcibly removed from their homeland in Northern Indiana and marched to Eastern Kansas. Many died along the trail during the two month trek. This mournful caravan traveled this road on September 14, . . . — Map (db m9307) HM
Iowa (Allamakee County), Harper Ferry — The Mystery of the MoundsEffigy Mounds National Monument — National Park Service, U.S. Department of the Interior
In 1766, English and French Canadian traders wintered near this site. They must have puzzled over these strange earthen shapes-or others even nearer their cabin. The traders could not have known that the humble grave markers were vestiges of a . . . — Map (db m61987) HM
Kansas (Pottawatomie County), Westmoreland — Archeological Site 14-PO1311

During excavation of the footing for this flag pole the remains of a Stone Age Native American, estimated 1,000 years old, were discovered. The find remains at this location. . . . — Map (db m80950) HM

Kansas (Scott County), Scott State Park — El Cuartelejo Archeology
In 1899, when Prof. H. T. Martin of the University of Kansas made the first archeological excavations of El Cuartelejo, most of the lower part of the original stone work was still in place, as shown in this photograph. Evidences of several other . . . — Map (db m65975) HM
Kentucky (Ballard County), Wickliffe — Burial Mound(Mound C)
Native American Indian of the Mississippian culture were buried in this cemetery mound sometime in the A.D. 1200s. First excavated in 1932 by owner Col. Fain King, the mound was referred to as “Mound C”. A building was constructed over . . . — Map (db m58870) HM
Kentucky (Ballard County), Wickliffe — Ceremonial Mound
Excavations have shown that building stood on several earlier levels of this mound. We do not know how big those buildings were. This structure is approximately the size of the posthole pattern in the architecture building (Mound B) — Map (db m58872) HM
Kentucky (Ballard County), Wickliffe — King Mounds"Ancient Buried City"
Site of an ancient religious and commercial center of the Mound Builder. Approximately one thousand years old, situated on the only high ground at the confluence of the Mississippi and Ohio Rivers. Tombs, temples, altars, jewels, dwellings, tools, . . . — Map (db m58869) HM
Kentucky (Ballard County), Wickliffe — Welcome to Wickliffe MoundsState Historic Site
Nearly one thousand years ago, this village was home for Native Americans of the prehistoric Mississippian culture. Peaceful farmers, these mound building Indians lived throughout the Ohio and Mississippi river valleys. Exhibits at Wicklffe Mounds . . . — Map (db m58873) HM
Kentucky (Montgomery County), Mount Sterling — 1655 — The Gaitskill Mound
Indian Mound attributed to Adena people who inhabited Ohio Valley ca. 800 B.C. to 700 A.D. They began cultivating simple crops, bringing about a mixed hunting and farming economy. Central to Adena life were rituals involving cremation and mound . . . — Map (db m73886) HM
Louisiana (East Baton Rouge Parish), Baton Rouge — Ceremonial Indian Mound
One of a group of mounds probably constructed about A.D. 1000 during the Cole Creek culture period. Surrounded by a large village area, such mounds served as foundations for sacred buildings and as platforms for the chief to address the tribesmen. . . . — Map (db m87446) HM
Louisiana (East Baton Rouge Parish), Baton Rouge — LSU Campus Mounds
Hunter-gatherers built these two mounds 5,000 years ago. Part of the oldest earthen-mound complex in North America,they were placed on the National Register of Historic Places on March 1, 1999. They are older than the Egyptian pyramids, and . . . — Map (db m87223) HM
Louisiana (East Carroll Parish), Transylvania — Transylvania MoundsAncient Mounds Trail
Transylvania once had up to 12 mounds. Only 6 are visible now. The mounds were rectangular in shape with flat tops prior to being altered in historic times. The largest is nearly 34 feet tall. It is in the center of the site and overlooks 2 plaza . . . — Map (db m89789) HM
Louisiana (Orleans Parish), New Orleans — Congo Square
Congo Square is in the “vicinity” of a spot which Houmas Indians used before the arrival of the French for celebrating their annual corn harvest and was considered sacred ground. The gathering of enslaved African vendors in Congo Square . . . — Map (db m20954) HM
Maryland (Calvert County), St. Leonard — Jefferson Patterson Park & MuseumState Museum of Archaeology
Welcome to Jefferson Patterson Park and Museum (JPPM), State Museum of Archaeology, where we explore the changing cultures and environment of the Chesapeake Bay region over the past 12,000 years.

You can investigate the thousands of years of . . . — Map (db m80923) HM

Maryland (Calvert County), St. Leonard — What is this Big White Building?
The Maryland Archaeological Conservation (MAC) Laboratory is a state-of-the-art archaeological research, conservation and collections facility. Opened in 1998, the Lab holds the State’s archaeological artifact collections. In the labs, the often . . . — Map (db m81091) HM
Maryland (Prince George's County), Accokeek — First People of the PotomacPiscataway Park
When Europeans first arrived on the shores of North America, they found a continent inhabited by perhaps tens of millions of people! These people had arrived more than 10,000 years earlier, and through many generations had created complex societies, . . . — Map (db m8560) HM
Massachusetts (Franklin County), Hawley — First Church of Hawley
Site of the First Church of Hawley Erected 1793 Reverend Jonathan Grout 1st Pastor This memorial placed by the sons and daughters of Hawley August 10, 1935 — Map (db m25876) HM
Michigan (Macomb County), Sterling Heights — S0309 — Holcombe Beach
Near this site in 1961 archaeologists from the Aboriginal Research Club and the University of Michigan uncovered evidence of an early Paleo-Indian settlement. Here about 11,000 years ago these first prehistoric dwellers in the Great Lakes region . . . — Map (db m34227) HM
Minnesota (Nicollet County), St. Peter — Archaeology
Archaeology is the recovery and study of material evidence, such as remainders of pottery, to help us learn about people and places of the past. In 1994 the Minnesota Historical Society conducted a survey to map and excavate the . . . — Map (db m78179) HM
Minnesota (Traverse County), Brown Valley — Browns Valley Man
On October 9, 1933, William H. Jensen, an amateur archaeologist, uncovered the badly broken skeleton of a man in a gravel pit on the plateau visible about ½ mile south of this marker. The plateau was formed as an island in the ancient River . . . — Map (db m93964) HM
Mississippi (Hinds County), Jackson — Pocahontas Mounds
Built and used between A.D 1000 and 1300, this platform mound and a nearby burial mound mark the ceremonial and political seat of a regional chiefdom of the Plaquemine culture. A thatched, clay-plastered ritual temple or chief's lodging stood atop . . . — Map (db m77266) HM
Mississippi (Warren County), Vicksburg — Old Natchez District
Ceded by Choctaws & Chickasaws in Fort Adams Treaty, 1801, confirming earlier British treaty. Contained most of present Warren, Jefferson, Claiborne, Adams, Franklin, Wilkinson & Amite counties. — Map (db m72185) HM
Missouri (Platte County), Riverside — Renner Village Site23PL1
This area was frequented by prehistoric people as early as 5000 B.C.. This site is best known as the regional center of aboriginal population in Hopewell times, A.D. 1-500, and occupied throughout the Woodland Culture into Middle Mississippian . . . — Map (db m73531) HM
Missouri (Vernon County), Fair Haven — Archaeology
The main source for information about the Osage Indians' daily life is in the ground beneath us. Like pages of a book, archaeology can reveal stories about who the people were and how they lived. Information is revealed not only by the . . . — Map (db m61399) HM
Nevada (Churchill County), Lovelock — 147 — A Home of Early Man
Stretching before you are two vast sinks, terminal areas of the Humboldt and Carson River drainage systems. The marshey remnant of Lake Lahontan, between you and the distant Humboldt Range, served as a life sustaining resource of wildlife for . . . — Map (db m67352) HM
Nevada (Lander County), Austin — 136 — Toquima Cave
East of the summit, north of the highway, and under a basalt flow lies Toquima Cave. Red, white, and yellow aboriginal drawings (pictographs) decorate its walls. Usually located near springs, as here, and on migratory big game trails, painted . . . — Map (db m62126) HM
New Mexico (San Juan County), Aztec — "For the Enlightenment of the Nation"Aztec Ruins National Monument
Working from his house and publishing through the American Natural History Museum, Earl Morris intrigued the nation with his findings at Aztec Ruins. In 1923 the site Morris had known since boyhood was preserved as a national monument . . . — Map (db m71078) HM
New Mexico (San Juan County), Aztec — Aztec Ruins National Monument
Through the collective recognition of the community of nations, expressed within the principles of the convention concerning the protection of the world cultural and natural heritage Aztec Ruins National Monument has been designated an outlier . . . — Map (db m71077) HM
New Mexico (Taos County), Taos — Wheeler Peak13,161 Feet Above Sea Level — Highest Point in New Mexico
Named in honor of Major George Montague Wheeler (1832-1909) who for ten years led a party of surveyors and Naturalists collecting geologic, biologic, planimetric, and topographic data in New Mexico and six other southwestern states. — Map (db m50743) HM
New York (Albany County), Cohoes — The Cohoes Mastodont
The Cohoes Mastodont was discovered during the excavation for Harmony Mill #3 in 1866. The mill is sometimes referred to as the "Mastodon Mill" for this reason. When all the bones were recovered, they were kept at the Harmony Mills Office on . . . — Map (db m41622) HM
New York (Chenango County), Norwich — Ruth Benedict1887-1948
Childhood Home of Dr. Ruth Benedict. First Well – Known Woman Anthropologist. Author, Patterns of Culture Gerorge E. Pataki, Governor — Map (db m93278) HM
New York (Kings County), New York — Early North American Colonist Remains
Beneath this site lie the remains of seven individuals believed to be early North American born colonists. The remains dated to the late Eighteenth to early Nineteenth Century were discovered approximately 100 feet Southwest of here during . . . — Map (db m24331) HM
New York (Monroe County), Greece — Long Pond Site
An Iroquois group camped here around 1400 A.D. Ash beds excavated in 1912 yielded artifacts of bone, stone and pottery. County of Monroe, 1961. — Map (db m77156) HM
New York (Niagara County), Lewiston — Lower Landing Archeological District — National Historic Landmark
Lower Landing Archeological District has been designated a National Historic Landmark This site possesses national significance in commemorating the history of the United States of America The . . . — Map (db m66332) HM
New York (Onondaga County), Cardiff — Cardiff Giant
Disinterred near this village on Oct. 16, 1869. Represented as a petrified prehistoric man, it was subsequently proved a hoax. — Map (db m40055) HM
New York (Onondaga County), Cardiff — The Cardiff Giant
Discovered here October 16, 1869. It was proved a hoax, one of the greatest public deceptions in American history. — Map (db m40056) HM
New York (Orleans County), Carlton — Fishing CampA Prehistoric Destination — Maritime Heritage
Fishing For Food, Not Fun! For more than 800 years the opposite bank was the scene of bustling spring and summer activity by Native Americans. Fish were netted from Oak Orchard River, and processed over firepits and drying racks. The fish prepared . . . — Map (db m82703) HM
North Carolina (Alamance County), Burlington — G 33 — Trading Path
Colonial trading route, dating from 17th century, from Petersburg, Virginia, to Catawba and Waxhaw Indians in Carolina, passed nearby. — Map (db m28700) HM
North Carolina (Alamance County), Mebane — G 34 — Trading Path
Colonial trading route, dating from 17th century, from Petersburg, Virginia, to the Catawba and Waxhaw Indians in Carolina, passed nearby. — Map (db m28822) HM
North Carolina (Haywood County), Canton — P 83 — Garden Creek
Cherokee villages and mounds 1/3 mile west a key site for archaeologists. Occupied from 8000 B.C. to 1600s A.D. — Map (db m75502) HM
North Carolina (Macon County), Franklin — Q-9 — Nikwasi
This mound marks site of old Cherokee town, Nikwasi. A council of Sir Alexander Cuming with the Indians here lead to a treaty, 1730. — Map (db m3261) HM
North Carolina (Macon County), Franklin — Nikwasi MoundCherokee Heritage Trails
You are standing on land that has been part of a town for about three thousand years. This mound was the spiritual, political, and physical center of the Cherokee town of Nikwasi. A council house or town house on top of the mound held the sacred . . . — Map (db m75523) HM
North Carolina (Montgomery County), Mount Gilead — Burial Huts at Town Creek
You are standing in a reconstruction of a burial hut built in this location over six hundred years ago. Its size and shape are based on evidence gained through scientific archaeological excavation. The outer walls are made of upright posts covered . . . — Map (db m37203) HM
North Carolina (Montgomery County), Mount Gilead — Preservation and the Archaeological Record
Organic materials, including the human body, decompose when buried in the ground. Clothing made of animal skins or hides does not survive after many years of burial. Likewise, most pigments used to paint the body do not survive. Foodstuffs placed in . . . — Map (db m37214) HM
North Carolina (Montgomery County), Mount Gilead — Town Creek Indian Mound
Has been designed a Registered National Historic Landmark Under the provisions of the Historic Sites Act of August 21, 1935 This site possesses exceptional value In commemorating and illustrating The history of the United States . . . — Map (db m37201) HM
Ohio (Allen County), Lima — The Henry Boose Site
In 1959 this area was discovered to be an almost four thousand year old burial ground of the Glacial Kame People-named for the distinctive gravel elevations in which their dead were buried. The area was once a farm owned by Henry Boose, an early . . . — Map (db m78679) HM
Ohio (Erie County), Kelley's Island — Inscription Rock
Between three and four hundred years ago, Ohio pre-historic Indians, believed to be of the Erie tribe, pecked numerous inscriptions or pictographs on the top surface of this large native limestone rock. The figures, now nearly obliterated by the . . . — Map (db m28009) HM
Ohio (Franklin County), Worthington — 36-25 — Jeffers Mound
Archaeologists believe that this prehistoric mound, part of a complex of earthworks, was used for rituals by the Hopewell people and was probably built between 100 BC and 400 AD. Note the painted post tops marking the Hopewell pole house footprint. . . . — Map (db m12756) HM
Ohio (Hancock County), Findlay — 19-32 — Indian Green / McKinnis-Litzenberg Farmstead
Indian Green This area of western Hancock County is a part of the Maumee River Watershed known as "Indian Green." Wyandot Indians chose this area for hunting and ceremonial grounds along the Blanchard River in the 1700s because it was next to . . . — Map (db m93378) HM
Ohio (Hocking County), South Bloomingville — 3-37 — Salt and Hunting Trails
Modern roads often have their precedents in much older thoroughfares. Two ancient paths once converged near this point. As late as the 1700s, the Salt Trail guided Native Americans from the upper Scioto Valley plains past Cantwell Cliffs, Cedar . . . — Map (db m24765) HM
Ohio (Jackson County), Leo — Leo Petroglyph
On the flat surface of this rock is one of the finest examples of prehistoric Indian petroglyphs or craved writings in Ohio. These figures are carved on an exposed portion of the black Hand Sandstone bedrock which underlies much of east-central . . . — Map (db m20858) HM
Ohio (Licking County), Glenford — Flint Ridge
Flint Ridge is a chain of long, narrow hills extending from a few miles east of Newark almost to Zanesville, a distance of more than twenty miles. The surface of these hills is underlain with an irregular layer of flint, which may be only a few . . . — Map (db m12958) HM
Ohio (Lucas County), Toledo — A Prehistoric Fort
A Prehistoric Fort consisting of earthen walls accompanied by moats, formerly occupied this site. The walls, three to four feet high, probably were surmounted by palisades which together with the steep river banks, rendered the fort fairly secure . . . — Map (db m25860) HM
Ohio (Marion County), Marion — 8- 51 — The Old Blockhouse Site
The U.S. Army built a two-story blockhouse on a nearby hill during the War of 1812. The blockhouse was one of a series of such structures erected along the Greenville Treaty line to guard against Native Americans who supported the British during . . . — Map (db m94537) HM
Ohio (Ross County), Chillicothe — A Flourishing Culture
On Mordecai Hopewell's Ohio farm archeologists excavated Indian mounds in 1891 and found copper ornaments, stone tools, effigy pipes, obsidian spear points, ornamented bear teeth, shark teeth, intricately carved bones, mica cutouts, and much more. . . . — Map (db m20999) HM
Ohio (Ross County), Chillicothe — A Scared Purpose
Some 2,000 years ago the Mound City Group contained the highest density of mounds of any of the Hopewell earthworks, 24 in a 13-acre area. Today 22 can be counted. One of the missing mounds (Mound 15) is present in outline only, marked by the . . . — Map (db m20839) HM
Ohio (Ross County), Chillicothe — Ancient Monuments
When Cleopatra, Julius Caesar, and Jesus lived, the Hopewell culture built and used Mound City Group. We do not know what the Hopewell called this sacred place, but early archeologists named it for the great number of mounds found here. In 1846 . . . — Map (db m21023) HM
Ohio (Ross County), Chillicothe — Effigy Pipes
Although small and rather ordinary, this mound (Mound 8) contained a remarkable find. Nearly 200 pipes-mostly broken-were discovered here. Skillfully carved from stone, the pipes faithfully detailed human heads and indigenous animals. The pipe bowls . . . — Map (db m20994) HM
Ohio (Ross County), Chillicothe — Mica Splendor
With the building of Camp Sherman, the army leveled this mound-Mound 13-to three feet above ground and built a barrack over it. In 1920 Ohio archeologists led by William Mills excavated the mound and were astonished to uncover the cremated remains . . . — Map (db m20996) HM
Ohio (Wyandot County), Carey — 4-88 — Sheriden Cave — Ohio Historical Marker
Indian Trail Caverns, first opened in 1927, is one of many caves that occur on the dolomite ridge traversed by State Route 568 in Wyandot and Hancock counties. Sheriden Cave, a karst sinkhole associated with the caverns, was discovered in 1989. It . . . — Map (db m93656) HM
Oklahoma (Tulsa County), Tulsa — Creek Nation Council Oak Memorial
Fire is a revered element of many sacred rituals of the Mvskoke (Muscogee Creek People). The sacred fire represents the divine masculine of the "Epofvnkv" (the Creator) to which all things are connected. The sacred fires were integral to the . . . — Map (db m68043) HM
Pennsylvania (Allegheny County), McKees Rocks — McKees Rocks Mound
Largest Native American burial mound in Western Pennsylvania (16 feet high & 85 feet wide). It was hand-built by the Adena people between 200 BC and 100 AD and later used by the Hopewell people. Late 19th century excavations uncovered 33 skeletons . . . — Map (db m40899) HM
Pennsylvania (Beaver County), Beaver — Fort McIntoshYou Are Here
Much forged iron was found near this site, suggesting it was the location of the blacksmith or armorer's shop. The top edge of the slope, now greatly eroded, was much wider in 1778, and would have accommodated the shop and barracks, as well as the . . . — Map (db m44753) HM
Pennsylvania (Beaver County), Beaver — Fort McIntoshYou Are Here
Visible here are remains of stone fireplace hearths and a portion of the original footer for the south wall of the fort. Artifacts found here included USA buttons and artillery projectiles, suggesting this may have been officers' quarters and . . . — Map (db m44886) HM
Pennsylvania (Beaver County), Beaver — Fort McIntoshYou Are Here
The size and shape of the fort was confirmed by the angle of the nearby foundation wall, which matches the opposite wall on the west side. The fort was very large and well built, constructed of square - hewn logs laid horizontally on stone . . . — Map (db m44888) HM
Pennsylvania (Bucks County), Bristol — Replica of the Spanish Garitas
This monument is a replica of the Spanish Garitas, or guardhouses, that lined the forts of San Juan, Puerto Rico, and is dedicated to the Puerto Rican people who have made their homes in Bristol. In March of 1509 a ship . . . — Map (db m80537) HM
Pennsylvania (Bucks County), Doylestown — Margaret Mead(1901 - 1978)
The world-renowned anthropologist and writer lived in this house and graduated in 1918 from Doylestown High School. Among her most famous works are “Coming of Age in Samoa” (1928) and “Male and Female” (1949). — Map (db m22319) HM
South Dakota (Roberts County), Wilmont — Whetstone Valley Rest Area
You are standing on top of the Coteau des Prairies (Hills of the Prairies) overlooking the rich Whetstone Valley. This landscape was carved out some 20,000 years ago by a massive glacier which extended approximately 2,000 feet above where you now . . . — Map (db m91421) HM
Tennessee (Davidson County), Hermitage — "Have the Negro Houses Placed Where the Old Ones Stands"
When Jackson's plantation turned a profit in the 1820s, he invested it in slaves and buildings. Letters sent from Jackson to Andrew Jackson Jr. and his overseer in 1829 show that brick was being made for new buildings. In September 1829, Andrew . . . — Map (db m85383) HM
Tennessee (Davidson County), Hermitage — A Lively PlaceFinding Strength in Family and Community
For nearly thirty years – from the construction of the brick dwellings in 1829 to the sale of this parcel of land in 1856 – the Field Quarter was home to at least eight enslaved families at The Hermitage. With fifty to eighty . . . — Map (db m85429) HM
Tennessee (Davidson County), Hermitage — Determined ResistanceFighting for Freedom
In spite of the threat of violence, the men, women, and children who Andrew Jackson held in bondage still found ways to fight against the injustice and inhumanity of slavery. There were several instances of slaves running away. Jackson family . . . — Map (db m85475) HM
Tennessee (Davidson County), Hermitage — Ginning and Pressing "King Cotton"Wealth Created by Enslaved Hands
Andrew Jackson built a cotton gin and press at The Hermitage in 1807, both of which stood in the field in front of you. It was a shrewd decision on Jackson's part, not only making his plantation more self-sufficient, but also generating additional . . . — Map (db m85479) HM
Tennessee (Davidson County), Hermitage — Land Conservation at The HermitageNative Warm Season Grasses Plan
Native warm season grasses grow well during the summer heat. These are bunch type grasses, and the bare ground between the grass clumps provides wildlife cover and nesting space. Habitat conditions are excellent for species such as bobwhite quail, . . . — Map (db m85446) HM
Tennessee (Davidson County), Hermitage — Stories Told by Things the Enslaved Left Behind
Artifacts found during excavations of the Field Quarter have much to say about daily life within the Hermitage enslaved community. Animal bones tell us a great deal about diet. Buttons and sewing equipment provide details about clothing. Marbles, . . . — Map (db m85445) HM
Tennessee (Davidson County), Hermitage — The Field QuarterLives of Labor
In 1806, Andrew Jackson purchased 640 acres north of the first Hermitage and in turn used this land mostly for field crops such as cotton and corn. Jackson chose this portion of that land to build dwellings for his field slaves because of its . . . — Map (db m85432) HM
Tennessee (Davidson County), Hermitage — The Field Quarter SpringNourishing Body and Spirit
Known as “Muddy Spring” in Andrew Jackson's time, this fast flowing spring was the primary source of water for the fifty to eighty enslaved men, women, and children who lived in the nearby Field Quarter. Along with its life-sustaining . . . — Map (db m85382) HM
Tennessee (Davidson County), Hermitage — The Hermitage OverseerBetween Two Worlds
As was common at large plantations, Jackson hired a white overseer on an annual contract to supervise farm operations, particularly the lives and work of the enslaved. The overseer's contract began on January 1, after the previous year's crop had . . . — Map (db m85477) HM
Tennessee (Davidson County), Hermitage — The North Cabin
The remains of the North Cabin stood near this spot until 1988 when it was dismantled because of structural instability. The foundation of the chimney is the only part of the building visible. The North Cabin was a one-story log dwelling with a . . . — Map (db m85478) HM
Tennessee (Madison County), Pinson — 4D 12 — Pinson Mounds
Built between 1 and 500 A.D. by prehistoric Indians, this complex of over a dozen mounds contains the oldest flat-topped, ceremonial mounds in America. Religious ceremonies were conducted on the tops of these mounds, the tallest of which is over 70 . . . — Map (db m52565) HM
Texas (Bexar County), Helotes — 2432 — Helotes
According to archeologists, human occupation of the Helotes area dates to about 7000 years before present, when small bands of Nomadic Indians who migrated seasonally in search of food and game camped in this vicinity. Early Texas Pioneer John . . . — Map (db m46922) HM
Texas (Brewster County), Big Bend National Park — Comanche Trail
You are now traveling the Comanche Trail blazed by Comanche Indians, en route from the western plains to Mexico, and traveled later by emigrants and soldiers. It extended south from the Horse Head Crossing of the Pecos by Comanche Springs . . . — Map (db m53931) HM
Texas (Brewster County), Big Bend National Park — Rock Art at Hot Springs
When J.O. Langford homesteaded this section in 1909, he was moving into an area that had long been inhabited by native Americans. Walk this trail to view pictograph and petroglyphs created by prehistoric people hundreds or even thousands of years . . . — Map (db m53936) HM
Texas (Brewster County), Marathon — 1258 — Double Mills
A natural watering place in prehistoric time, as evidenced by artifacts found here. Used later by Indians and Spaniards on roads from northern Mexico. As Maravillas Creek developed from a draw into water channel, old water hole vanished. About . . . — Map (db m53933) HM
Texas (Cherokee County), Alto — 6971 — Mound Prairie
Bulging out of the earth a few yards from this point, three prehistoric Indian mounds interrupt the prevailing flat terrain. Long overgrown with grass, the mounds and adjacent village (covering about 100 acres) constitute one of the major aboriginal . . . — Map (db m21202) HM
Texas (Cherokee County), Alto — 6860 — Site of Neches Indian Village
Here at the opening of the 18th century stood a village of the Neches Indians. Their name was given to the river and later to a mission, San Francisco de Los Neches, established near by. With the Cherokees, the Neches Indians were expelled from . . . — Map (db m27041) HM
Texas (Coke County), Blackwell — 2637 — Indian Rock Shelters
Throughout this area during the last several centuries, rock ledges gave protection to Lipan, Kickapoo, Comanche, and Kiowa Indians. In one typical shelter archeologists found evidence of 3 periods of occupation, plus numerous intricate petroglyphs . . . — Map (db m77615) HM
Texas (Culberson County), Pine Springs — 7930 — Guadalupe Peak
Guadalupe Peak, Texas' highest mountain at 8,749 feet above see level, dominates one of the most scenic and least-known areas of the state. It lies behind and to the right of El Capitan (8,078 feet), the sheer wall that rises more than 3,000 feet . . . — Map (db m61490) HM
Texas (DeWitt County), Hochheim — 1126 — Cuero I Archeological District
Extending 45 miles along the Guadalupe River Basin, Cuero I Archeological District was created to define and preserve cultural resources threatened by a proposed reservoir. Archeological investigation in 1972-73 revealed 352 significant prehistoric . . . — Map (db m61047) HM
Texas (Fisher County), Sylvester — 82 — Adair - Steadman Site
In this vicinity is a prehistoric archeological site discovered in 1969 near the Clear Fork of the Brazos River. Archeologists have conducted extensive scientific excavations and attribute most of the cultural materials to the Paleo-Indian Period. . . . — Map (db m81124) HM
Texas (Floyd County), Floydada — 12355 — Coronado in Blanco Canyon
From 1540 to 1542, Francisco Vazquez de Coronado led the first organized European exploration of the southwest in search of the fabled "cities of gold." With a company of more than a thousand men and women and thousands of . . . — Map (db m25292) HM
Texas (Harris County), Nassau Bay — 10678 — Harris County Boys' School Archeological Site
In this vicinity lies evidence of a prehistoric Indian campsite and burial ground that takes its current name from the property on which it resided at the time of its discovery. The archeological site is classified as a shell midden site because of . . . — Map (db m50124) HM
Texas (Hutchinson County), Fritch — 12095 — Antelope Creek Ruins
Plains Village Native Americans occupied a series of interconnected rock dwellings near here from about 1200-1500. Called "Texas' first apartment house," the ruins have been the focus of numerous excavations through the years. Made of native . . . — Map (db m71822) HM
Texas (Kendall County), Boerne — 749 — Cascade Cavern
Probably formed during the Pleistocene epoch by the underground passage of the Cibolo River, Cascade Cavern presents an interesting mix of geological, archeological,and historical features. It exhibits a combination of the joint and the dip and . . . — Map (db m46924) HM
Texas (Nacogdoches County), Nacogdoches — 9243 — Ancient Mound
Mound Street got its name in the 18th century from mounds which lined it from Main to King Street. These were built by prehistoric Indians. Only this one remains. Pottery from a demolished mound that measured 150 by 75 feet is preserved in Old Stone . . . — Map (db m21252) HM
Texas (Walker County), Huntsville — The Bedias Indians
The Bedias (Bidai, Bedai) Indians, a small southeastern Texas tribe, were probably the earliest inhabitants of the Walker County region. "Bidai" is thought to derive from a Caddo word meaning "brushwood". The peaceful Bedias lived in scattered . . . — Map (db m50171) HM
Texas (Williamson County), Cedar Park — 13894 — Wilson-Leonard Brushy Creek Burial Site
In this vicinity is a prehistoric archeological site discovered in 1973 by a team of Texas Highway Department archeologists. Scientific excavations have produced evidence that the site was a major camping ground for prehistoric peoples, particularly . . . — Map (db m69215) HM
Texas (Winkler County), Kermit — 439 — Blue Mountain(Elevation 3,500 ft.)
Projection of Staked Plains. Winkler County's highest point. Lookout and landmark for red men and whites. Indians found here fuel, sheltering caves and water. Left artifacts and 138 mortar holes for grinding food. On cave walls bragged of . . . — Map (db m21692) HM
Utah (San Juan County), Blanding — Hovenweep National Monument
Welcome to “Hovenweep.” It is a Paiute and Ute word meaning “deserted valley.” It was the name given this extraordinary place by pioneer photographer William H. Jackson, who visited here in 1874. It’s an apt description. As . . . — Map (db m71464) HM
Utah (San Juan County), Blanding — The Square Tower GroupHovenweep National Monument
Over 700 years ago, Little Ruin Canyon was the scene of a sizable ancestral Pueblo community. Sustained by a small spring at the head of the canyon and rainwater held behind check dams on the mesa top, they flourished in what we would consider a . . . — Map (db m71468) HM
Utah (San Juan County), Monticello — Newspaper RockState Historical Monument
Newspaper Rock is a petroglyph panel etched in sandstone that records approximately 2,000 years of early man's activities. Prehistoric peoples, probably from the Archoic, Basketmaker, Fremont and Pueblo cultures, etched on the rock from B.C. to . . . — Map (db m4615) HM
Virginia, Hampton — Fertile Hunting Grounds For The IndiansOlde Wythe’s History Begins
Long before citizens of Hampton ever called Olde Wythe home, this area was used by the Kecoughtan Indians for hunting, fishing, and growing crops. The Kecoughtans were part of a loose confederation of the Algonquin whose chieftain was Powhatan. The . . . — Map (db m33932) HM
Virginia, Richmond — Lumpkins JailArcheology Study Site
The grass and wood chips to your right mark the area of an archeological examination of the remnants of one of our nations most notorious slave jails: the Devil’s Half Acre ---- the place where run-away slaves were punished and large numbers . . . — Map (db m40679) HM
Virginia (Caroline County), Bowling Green — Caroline County, Virginia
(front of marker) The first African-American slaves were brought to Caroline County around 1700. Few records were kept of their existence, except for their status and value as property and the occasional brush with the law. Many slaves of . . . — Map (db m34350) HM
Virginia (James City County), Williamsburg — A Site of Habitation
Thousands of years ago, when the island was larger and drier, Jamestown was more suitable for permanent habitation. In fact, archaeologists have excavated hearths from the 2,000-year-old campsites. Nearby, they found pottery and evidence of stone . . . — Map (db m89337) HM
Virginia (Prince William County), Manassas — Archeology at Brawner Farm
Once the scene of bloody combat, Brawner Farm sits today in a quiet corner of Manassas Battlefield. Archeologists have conducted multiple investigations of the property, which have uncovered the site of several structures and unearthed thousands of . . . — Map (db m88513) HM
Virginia (Southampton County), Franklin — U 116 — The Hand Site
East of here near the Nottoway River stood a Late Woodland Indian settlement occupied intermittently circa A.D. 700 to 1650, and long claimed by the Cheroenhaka (Nottoway). Excavated in the 1960s, occupation phases included features such as a . . . — Map (db m60635) HM
West Virginia (Fayette County), Boomer — Ancient Works
On a ridge between Armstrong and Loop creeks across the river are extensive prehistoric stone ruins whose walls are several miles long, and enclose a large area. Many of these stones are from the valley below the old wall. — Map (db m20820) HM
West Virginia (Jefferson County), Harpers Ferry — Found Underground
The ground around you hides the remains of the U.S. Armory at Harpers Ferry. Beneath the surface archeologists discovered walls, floors, pipes, and the base of a massive 90-foot chimney. As the team slowly and painstakingly excavated small pits . . . — Map (db m21124) HM
West Virginia (Kanawha County), Dunbar — Indian Mound / Mounds-Earthworks
Indian Mounds Here in the Shawnee Reservation is found an Indian mound which was probably excavated in 1884 by the Smithsonian Institution. The results of the archaeologists' work suggest that the mound was built between A.D. 1 and 500 . . . — Map (db m81414) HM
West Virginia (Kanawha County), St. Albans — St. Albans Archeological Site
Discovered in 1963 by Sam Kessell. Recognized as one of the oldest and deepest stratified sites of the Early Archaic period (8,000-10,000 BC). Artifacts recovered document early inhabitants who camped here along Kanawha River, were small . . . — Map (db m34492) HM
West Virginia (Mason County), Glenwood — Clover Archeological Site
Clover Archeological Site has been designated a National Historic Landmark. This site possesses national significance in commemorating the history of the United States of America. — Map (db m73695) HM
West Virginia (Wood County), Parkersburg — Historic Blennerhassett Island
One and one-half miles below the confluence of the Ohio and Little Kanawha rivers lies historic Blennerhassett Island, home of the Irish aristocrat Harman Blennerhassett and his wife Margaret from 1798 to 1806. Blennerhassett is known for his . . . — Map (db m73602) HM
Wisconsin (Dane County), Madison — Madison is an Indian mound capitalThe Madison Heritage Series
At least 887 earthen Indian mounds once dotted the land around lakes Mendota, Monona, Wingra, Waubesa, and Kegonsa—so many that archaeologist Charles E. Brown once suggested Madison be renamed Mound City. Most southern Wisconsin mounds were . . . — Map (db m35551) HM
Wisconsin (Dane County), Monona — 384 — The Outlet Mound
The largest of nineteen conical, oval and linear mounds once located in this vicinity, the Outlet Mound was constructed as a burial place by Woodland Indians about 2,000 years ago. It was saved from destruction by the Wisconsin Archaeological . . . — Map (db m19958) HM
Wisconsin (Dane County), Shorewood Hills — Blackhawk Country Club Mound Group
the Blackhawk Country Club Mound Group in Shorewood Hills, Wisconsin is listed in the National Register of Historic Places — Map (db m57920) HM
Wisconsin (Door County), Namur — Transportation Archaeology on the WIS 57 ProjectFrom First Americans to Euroamericans — Archaeology and History of the WIS 57 Transportation Corridor
Historic Preservation and the WIS 57 Project The National Historic Preservation Act of 1966 (NHPA) requires federal agencies to take into account the effect their projects might have on historic properties . . . — Map (db m80311) HM
Wisconsin (Kenosha County), Paris — 420 — Schaefer Mammoth Site
Over 12,000 years ago, Native Americans slaughtered a Northern Woolly Mammoth in a small lake near this site. Between 1992-93, the Kenosha Public Museum excavated the site and concluded that the woolly mammoth stood at 11 feet and weighed 14,000 . . . — Map (db m38569) HM
Wisconsin (Rock County), Beloit — 555 — Roy Chapman Andrews
Side A Roy Chapman Andrews, one of the most celebrated explorers of the 20th century, was born in Beloit on January 26, 1884. He grew up across the river at 419 St. Lawrence Avenue. Andrews acquired a lifelong passion for the natural world during . . . — Map (db m86686) HM
Wisconsin (Sauk County), Baraboo — Site 4 — Man Mound
This huge likeness of a man is thought to represent a powerful Indian God. The aborigines who made it may have been the Effigy Mound Builders. These Indians lived here about 1000 years ago. Nearly 900 of their earthworks have been found in Sauk . . . — Map (db m57940) HM
Wisconsin (Waukesha County), Big Bend — 31-02 — Maney Ridge Prehistoric Effigy Mounds
On the ridge above this road and the Fox River lies a series of prehistoric earthworks. They represent visible remnants of both social and ritual behavior of one of Wisconsin’s unique prehistoric cultures, the Effigy Mound Indians. The conical . . . — Map (db m43587) HM
Wyoming (Big Horn County), Lovell — Five SpringsCrossroads of Culture
Several of the prehistoric trails that led through the Big Horn Mountains intersect here. The first people using these trails may have entered the area on the very same path you are now using, as long as 10,000 years ago! Over time, possibly due to . . . — Map (db m91307) HM
Wyoming (Big Horn County), Lovell — Medicine WheelStone Circles
Thousands of stone circles lie scattered over the Northern Plains and Rocky Mountains. What were they used for? Over 100 of these stone circles are known as Medicine Wheels. The Bighorn Medicine Wheel is probably the most well known and sacred to . . . — Map (db m91310) HM
Wyoming (Big Horn County), Lovell — Medicine WheelThe Sacred Circle
The white man called it the Medicine Wheel, but to many Native Americans Indians it is, "The Place Where the Eagle Lands." To many people it is a sacred place, and there are few that leave without experiencing something outside the ordinary. It . . . — Map (db m91312) HM
Wyoming (Big Horn County), Lovell — Medicine Wheel
Medicine Mountain to your left, was named for the Medicine Wheel, a stone circle that lies atop a ridge below its summit. Designated a National Historic landmark, this symbol remains a mystery as the builders and purpose of the Medicine Wheel remain . . . — Map (db m91319) HM
Wyoming (Big Horn County), Lovell — Mystery Shrouds the Medicine Wheel
"Eventually one gets to the Medicine Wheel to fulfill one's life." -- Old Mouse, Arikara High in the Big Horn Mountains at nearly 10,000 feet above sea level, lies the Medicine Wheel - a place of worship, a National Historic Site, and an . . . — Map (db m91308) HM
Wyoming (Johnson County), Buffalo — The Legend of Crazy Woman
Two legends give rise to the name of Crazy Woman Creek. Both are based on tragic events. In one, a young woman is left alone after and attack on her village. She lived in a squalid wickiup and on a moonlit nights could be seen leaping from rock to . . . — Map (db m91537) HM
Wyoming (Uinta County), Fort Bridger — Women at the Trading Post
This archaeological excavation has helped to document the prominent roll Native American women played in the day-to-dat activities of the trading post. They traded with travelers, provided food for guests, and at times, actually ran the post. . . . — Map (db m90620) HM

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