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Notable Places Markers
4174 markers matched your search criteria. The first 250 markers are listed. Next 3924
Brazil, Amazonas, Manaus — Praça São SebastiãoMonumento Comemorativo a Abertura dos Portos — Monument to the Opening of the [Amazon] Ports
[Panel 1] Mandado Construir em MDCCCXCIX pelo Exmo Senr. Jose Cardoso Ramalho Júnior, Governador do Estado do Amazonas. [In English: Construction Ordered, 1899, by His Excellency, Mr. Jose Cardoso Ramalho Junior, Governor of the State of Amazonas.] "ASIA" [Panel 2] 15 de Novembro de MDCCCLXXXIX. [November 15, 1889.] "AMERICA" [Panel 3] Monumento Levanta do em substitução ao que foi erguido n’esta praça em XII de Setembro de . . . — Map (db m26407) HM
Brazil, Bahia, Salvador — Zumbi dos Palmares Monument
Panel 1: Zumbi dos Palmares “É chegada a hora de tirar nossa nação das trevas da injustica racial.” Nasceu livre, em 1655, na Serra da Barriga, união dos Palmares, Alagoas. Neto de Aqualtune, não permitiu a submissão de seu povo ao jugo da corda portuguesa, pois queria a liberdade para todos, dentro ou fora do Quilombo. Persistiu na luta e tornou-se líder do Quilombo, sento ferido em 1694, quando a capital Palmares foi destruída. Em 20 de Novembro de 1695, . . . — Map (db m26125) HM
Brazil, Rio de Janeiro — Augusto Ferreira Ramos
Engenheiro Brasilero que idealisou e realisou o Caminho Aéreo 1912 - 1913 English Translation: The Brazilian Engineer who envisioned and created the aerial tramway. — Map (db m26350) HM
Brazil, Rio de Janeiro — Christ the Redeemer MonumentCorcovado TrainCristo Retender
Uma história de fé A history of faith [Text in Portuguese: ...] De braços abertos sobre a cidade, abençoando-a, o monumento ao Cristo Redentor, foi inaugurado em 12 outubro de 1931 pelo Presidente Getúlio Vargas e o Cardeal Sebastião Leme. Construido de concreto armado e revestido de pequenos triangulares de pedra-sabão, todas as suas peças foram transportadas ao alto pelo Trem do Corcovado. A obra executada no pico do Morro do Corcovado é equivalente a um . . . — Map (db m31815) HM
Brazil, Rio de Janeiro — 01246020 — Copacabana FortArmy History Museum
Together with the Arpoador Rock and Cape, the Fort is part of an important landscape group located between two highly populated neighbourhoods: Copacabana and Ipanema. Date: inaugurated in 1914 by President Marechal Hermes da Fonseca. Last Restoration: in 1987, with the coastal artillery batteries phased out, the fort with its 12-meter thick walls, became the Army History Museum. Features: at the entrance of the Fort is a grotto with a statuette of Santa Barbara, . . . — Map (db m25962) HM
Brazil, Rio de Janeiro — 01056031 — Ordem Terceira do Carmo Church[Church of the Third Order of Carmel]
The Venerable and Archiepiscopal Third Order of Our Lady of Mount Carmo [sic]was founded on July 19, 1648. In 1749, the Order decided to have a new chapel built to practice spiritual exercises more comfortably. But it was only in 1752 that the marble cut stone was ordered for the high chapel. In 1755, the foundations of the new Church were built, and finally on July 22, 1770, the new temple was consecrated in a solemn procession with the images that adorned the old chapel, to the . . . — Map (db m31759) HM
Brazil, Rio de Janeiro — Praça 15 de NovembroPrefeitura da Cidade do Rio De Janeiro
Esta região guarda a memória do período colonial Brasileiro. No Século XVII, o núcleo original da cidade desloca-se do morro do Castelo para a várzea e consolida-se ao longo da Rua Direita, hoje Primeiro de Março. Junto à rua, na praia de N.S. do Ó, aterrado surge o Terreiro do Carmo, depois chamado Largo do Paço, por se ter instalado ali o Paço dos Governadores (1743), atual Paço Imperial. O velho largo recebe o nome de Praça 15 de Novembro por ocasião da Proclamação da República em 1889, . . . — Map (db m26313) HM
Alberta, Lake Louise — Defining the Boundry of the Great DivideDélimitation de la Ligne de Partage des Eaux
Prior to 1913 the Alberta-British Columbia boundary was defined by the divide or watershed of the Rocky Mountains. The discovery of valuable coal deposits and the availability of marketable timber and the incursion of railroads and roads required a more precise demarcation. In 1913 provincial and federal Orders-in-Council approved a boundary survey between the provinces of Alberta and British Columbia and the appointment of Commissioners. In June of that year Edward Deville, Surveyor . . . — Map (db m70445) HM
Alberta, Lake Louise — Parting of the WatersLe Partage des Eaux
How many creeks do you know of that split, with each fork reaching a separate ocean, 4500 km apart.

Here, Divide Creek forks on the boundary between Pacific and Atlantic watersheds, commonly called the Great Divide.

Water in the left fork will flow into the Pacific Ocean. Water in the right fort will flow into the Atlantic Ocean. — Map (db m70444) HM
Alberta, Waterton — Waterton
ENGLISH INSCRIPTION Welcome to Waterton Lakes National Park of Canada National Parks protect the natural landscapes of Canada and also provide great places for outdoor adventures and connecting with nature. As you enjoy the park today, thank local rancher F.W. Godsal for your experience. He initiated conservation efforts by sending a letter to Ottawa in 1893 recommending that the area be set aside as a protected reserve. Protected in 1895, Waterton is Canada’s 4th . . . — Map (db m82962) HM
British Columbia (Capital Regional District), Victoria — Beacon Hill
Death, life and happiness are in the story of Beacon Hill. On these headlands, where an ancient race once buried their dead, early settlers erected beacons to guide mariners past dangerous Brotchie Ledge. Here, too, ever since Victoria was founded in 1843, people have gathered to enjoy sports and a vista of timeless appeal. — Map (db m49255) HM
British Columbia (Capital Regional District), Victoria — Fort Victoria
The mooring rings on the rocks below are the only surviving fragment of Fort Victoria built by the Hudson’s Bay Company in 1843. From 1846, when the Oregon boundary was drawn at the 49th parallel, this post served as grand depot and headquarters of the Company’s Pacific fur trade. Ships moored here to unload supplies for an extensive network of forts and to take on natural products for export, principally to Alaska, California and Hawaii. In 1849 the first Legislative Assembly of the Colony of . . . — Map (db m9195) HM
British Columbia (Cariboo Regional District), Barkerville — Cariboo Gold FieldsDistricts Aurifères de Cariboo — Barkerville - Historic Town
English: A search for the source of placer gold found on lower parts of the Fraser River led to discoveries of lode mines in the Cariboo, of which Williams Creek, is said to have yielded $19,000,000. As a centre of population in the 1860’s, the gold fields were the catalyst for the economic and political development of colony of British Columbia. They attracted miners from around the world and stimulated the growth of trade and agriculture. Economic difficulties resulting from the . . . — Map (db m42712) HM
British Columbia (Greater Vancouver Regional District), Vancouver — Meet You Under the Clock
Since 1907, generations of Vancouverites have arranged downtown rendevous with one simple phrase - "meet you under the Birks clock!" Erected as "a public convenience for the people of Vancouver", this stalwart timepiece has stood in front of the main Birks store in Vancouver for over 90 years, requiring little more attention than a weekly winding of the original mechanical movement. Originally placed at the northeast corner of Hastings and Granville, the clock moved with Birks in 1913 to . . . — Map (db m32970) HM
New Brunswick (Charlotte County), Campobello — Roosevelt Campobello Park
Mrs. Lyndon B. Johnson and Mrs. Lester B. Pearson Together opened the Roosevelt Campobello Park on the twenthieth day of August 1964 Lyndon Baines Johnson President of the United States of America and Lester Bowles Pearson Prime Minister of Canada Together laid the cornerstone of this Reception Centre on the twenty-first day of August, 1966 Her Majesty Queen Elizabeth The Queen Mother declared the building open on the thirteenth day of July, 1967 — Map (db m25394) HM
New Brunswick (Charlotte County), Campobello — The Summer Colony
Owners of the Campobello Company hoped to enhance their one million-dollar investment by subdividing their land and selling the smaller lots to hotel guests, island residents, and others. Only a few of the lots were actually sold and built upon. however, at least nine cottages were constructed between 1884 and 1902 on land purchased from the company. In addition, two existing homes were purchased and transformed into more elaborate summer homes. These summer residences became Campobello's . . . — Map (db m25471) HM
New Brunswick (Saint John County), Saint John — King’s SquareCarré King’s Square — Established 1785/Fondé en 1785
English King’s Square, named for King George III of England, was granted to the City of Saint John by royal charter in 1785. During its early years, the grounds were the site of such public uses as oxen roasts, fireworks displays, militia parades, cricket games, public wells, a pillory, a slaughter house, and agricultural fairs. In 1844, King’s Square was developed as a park and the current design of paths was laid out. The square retained it rural setting of only trees and grass . . . — Map (db m77534) HM
New Brunswick (Saint John County), Saint John — The Great Fire of 1877/L’incendie de 1877Trinity Royal — Saint John’s First Historic Preservation Area/Premiere de conservation historique de Saint John
There are two side to this marker English The Great Fire of 1877 One of the most destructive fires of modern times occurred at Saint John, N.B., on Wednesday, June 20th, 1877. It was more calamitous in its character than the terrible conflagration which plunged portions of Chicago into ruin, and laid waste the great business houses of Boston a few years ago”.The Story of the Great Fire in Saint John, N.B., author George Stewart (1848-1906) To truly . . . — Map (db m77570) HM
Ontario (Middlesex County), London — The Founding of London
In 1793, here on the River Thames, Lieutenant-Governor John Graves Simcoe selected a site for the capital of Upper Canada. York, however, became the seat of government and the townsite of London lay undeveloped until its selection in 1826 as the judicial and administrative centre of the London District. A court-house and gaol (1829) and homes for the government officials were built, stores and hotels were opened, and by 1834 the community contained over 1100 inhabitants. A British garrison . . . — Map (db m18971) HM
Ontario (Niagara Region), Niagara Falls — Table Rock HouseErected 1853. — Demolished 1926.
The first Table Rock House stood 150 yards north of here. Erected in the year 1853, it occupied a site opposite the historical landmark of Table Rock, an overhanging limestone ledge which fell into the Niagara Gorge in the year 1850. — Map (db m78088) HM
Ontario (Niagara Region), Niagara Falls — Thompson Point
This depression was the site in the early 1800’s where John Thompson quarried the exposed limestone ridge at the edge of the gorge, and processed it into agricultural lime. There were two lime kilns and a water-powered sawmill on the site which extended as far back as the ridge on which the Whirlpool Restaurant now stands. — Map (db m79421) HM
Quebec (Ville-Marie Borough), Montréal — Antoine Laumet de La Mothe, sieur de Cadillac
[The coat of arms of Quebec] “Je Me Souviens” Ici vécut -- Here lived Antoine Laumet de Lamothe Sieur de Cadillac (1658-1730), Fondateur de -- Founder of Détroit, -- Detroit, Governeur de -- Governor of La Louisiane -- Louisiana Commission des Monuments Historiques — Map (db m78185) HM
Yukon Territory, Dawson City — Discovery ClaimConcession de la Découverte
[English:] The names Robert Henderson, Skookum Jim, Tagish Charlie and George Carmack are inextricably linked to the discovery of gold on Bonanza Creek. Henderson was first to systematically explore the gold bearing potential of the region, only to have the major find elude him. Then on 17 August 1896 Jim struck gold, and with his companions Charlie and Carmack staked the first claims. A few day later at Forty Mile, Carmack in his own name registered the Discovery Claim where this monument . . . — Map (db m44702) HM
Czech Republic, Hlavní město Praha (Staré Město), Prague — The Novotny FootbridgeNovotného Lavka
{Marker text in Czech:} Novotného Lavka • Nazvaná mlynáře Karla Novotného R. 1878. Lemuje ji soubor býv. Staromĕstských mlýnu z let 1432-1436 s vodárenskou vĕží R. 1489, barokně prěstavěný a po a bombardování R. 1848 rožšířený. Po požáru .R. 1878 byly mlýny znovu přestavěny, zčásti podle návhru Ignáce Ullmanna, vybudována vodárna dnes Smetanova Muzeum od Antonína Wiehla, sgrafitová výzdoba je od Františka Ženíška, Mikuláše Alše a . . . — Map (db m41262) HM
El Salvador, San Miguel, Ciudad Barrios — Oscar Romero Park
Parque Monseñor Oscar Arnulfo Romero y Galdámez Ciudad Barrios se honra en eregir este monumento alegórico a su Hijo Meritísimo, quien dio la vida por los habitantes de este país por amor, por justicia y por el evangelio de Jesucristo. Alcalde Municipal René Wilfredo Gómez Concejo, Personal de la Alcaldía y todo el pueblo de Ciudad Barrios 15 de agosto de 2014 English translation: Monsignor Oscar Arnulfo Romero y Galdámez Park Ciudad Barrios is honored to erect this . . . — Map (db m83251) HM
Estonia, Harjumaa MaakondTallinn — 1199 — The Historic Centre (Old Town) of Tallinn
Text in Estonian: … [Seals of the UNESCO World Heritage Convention] Text in English: The Historic Centre (Old Town) of Tallinn has been inscribed upon the World Heritage List of the Convention concerning the protection of the World Cultural and Natural Heritage. Inclusion on this list confirms the exceptional universal value of a cultural of natural site which deserves protection for the benefit of all humanity. — Map (db m57529) HM
Finland, Uusimaa Region, Helsinki — The Senate SquareVanhaa HelsinkiäGamla Helsingfors
Seaatintori: Text in Finnish ... : Senatstorget: Text in Swedish ... : CEHATCKA: Text in Russian ... : Text in English: Helsinki was moved to its current location from the mouth of the River Vantaanjoki in 1640. These blocks have formed the historical centre of the city ever since. There are three streets that give us a faint idea of life in Helsinki centuries ago. The location of Sofiankatu, Katariinankatu and Helenankatu has remained unchanged since the . . . — Map (db m57703) HM
Finland, Uusimaa Region (Helsinki), Suomenlinna — KirkkopuistoKyrkparken - Church Park — [Suomenlinna Sea Fortress]
[Text in Finnish:] … [Text in Swedish:] … [Text in English:] The crownwork (1) comprises the southern flank of an ambitious plan for a public square originally drawn up by Augustin Ehrensvard. The foundation stone was laid on June 8, 1775, by King Gustav III of Sweden. On its external side, the crownwork was designed to form an imposing greystone defensive wall, but its casemates and wings were used for naval shipyard workshops, a sail-making shop, storerooms . . . — Map (db m57779) HM
France, Île-de-France (Paris), Paris — Place Louis XVPlace de la Revolution — (Place de la Concorde)
Cette place inauguree en 1763, fut appellee a l’oringine, Place Louis XV De novembre 1792 a mai 1795 alors denommee Place de la Revolution Elle fut le lieu principal des executions publiques, dont celle de Louis XVI, le 21 janvier 1793, et de Marie-Antoinette, le 16 octobre 1793. Mairie de Paris 1789 - 1989

(English translation) This site inaugurated in 1763, was originally called Place Louis XV From November 1792 to May 1795 it was referred to as Place of Revolution It . . . — Map (db m61453) HM

France, Languedoc-Roussillon (Hérault Départment), Capestang — La fontaine du Théron[The Theron fountain ]
Seules quatre fontaines “d’eau bonne” mis à part les puits, desservaient le village à la fin des années 1950. Celle-ci était la plus ancienne. Située à l’arrivée de la source captée, l’eau s’écoulait dans une galerie souterraine maçonnée et elle avait la réputation d’avoir l’eau la plus fraîche. Une raison suffisante, en pays méditerranéen, pour qu’une fontaine donne son nom à tout un quartier.

[Translation by Google Translate (with modifications): The Theron Fountain . . . — Map (db m60176) HM

France, Languedoc-Roussillon (Hérault Départment), Capestang — Le Bassin Rond[The Round Basin]
1861, le vignoble est en plein essor et avec lui le village dont la population a plus que doublé depuis le début de siècle. Pour les 2700 habitants, deux fontaines publiques ne suffisent plus. Une troisième, par souscription, est donc ediflée (rénovée en 1931) ainsi qu’un abreuvoir à bestiaux, déguisé en fontaine urbaine. La Place de la Porte Neuve devient celle du Bassin rond. [Translation by Google Translate (with modifications): The Round Basin In 1861, the vineyard is in full swing and . . . — Map (db m60086) HM
France, Languedoc-Roussillon (Hérault Départment), Capestang — Le Domaine CASTRES
Une “campagne” au coeur du village. Malgré le patronage officiel de Rouget de Lisle, pour les gens du cru, le “plan de Castres” sert toujours à designer la place et tour le quartier. [Translation by Google Translate (with modifications): Domain CASTRES A "campaign" in the heart of the village. Despite the official patronage of Rouget de Lisle, for the locals, the "plan Castres" is still used to designate the place and in turn the neighborhood.] — Map (db m60084) HM
France, Languedoc-Roussillon (Hérault Départment), Capestang — Les Remparts[The Ramparts]
Capestang a connu plusieurs enceintes successives pour accompangner sa croissance durant le Bas Moyen Age. Ce vestige appartient à la dernière, construite à la demande de l’archevêque de Narbonne en 1356, en pleine guerre de Cent Ans. L’année précédente, une chevauchée du Prince Noir avait ravagé la region.

[Translation by Google Translate (with modifications): The Ramparts Capestang has experienced several successive enclosures for accommodate growth during the late Middle Ages. This . . . — Map (db m60083) HM

France, Midi-Pyrénées (Tarn Département), Albi — Le bourg Saint-Salvi
Le bourg Saint-Salvi Ce bourg s’est développé aux XIe – Xlle siècles autour de la collégiale Saint-Salvi, à partir d’un anneau de rues commerçantes et artisanales, appelé en occitan «roda de la plassa» , la roue de la place. Le nom occitan de certaines rues évoque ces anciennes activités pelissaria (rues de fourreurs), cotelaria (rue de la courtellerie), sabatar (rue des savetiers), galinaria (rue des vendeurs de poules), payrolaria (rue des chaudronniers). L’ensemble de maisons qui . . . — Map (db m60291) HM
France, Midi-Pyrénées (Tarn Département), Albi — Le Castelnau
Le Castelnau, désignait «le bourg nouveau»» par opposition au Castleviel, qui constituait le site originel de la ville au début du Moyen Âge. Il s’est développé aux XIIe et XIIIe siècles entre la cathédrale Sainte-Cécile, au nord, et la fontaine de Verdusse, au sud. Ce quartier s’est formé avec l’accord des trois purssances qui dominaient la ville: le comte de Toulouse, l’évêque d’Albi et le vicomte Trencavel. Le tracé régulier des rues révèle un volonté d’organisation de l’espace, visible . . . — Map (db m60372) HM
Germany, Bavaria (Ansbach District), Rothenburg ob der Tauber — Jews's Alley and Jewish QuarterJudengasse und jüdisches Viertel — (ca. 1371 - 1520)
Im letzten Drittel des. 14. Jahrhunderts siedelten sich jüdische Einwohner auf dem Gebiet unmittelbar außerhalb der früheren Stadtmauer an. Der Name „Judengasse” ist seit 1377 belegt. Sowohl jüdische als auch christliche Mieter wohnten in den Häusern. Das Haus Judengasse 10 enthält eine Mikwe (jüdisches Ritualbad, Rekonstruktion im Reichsstadtmuseum). In der Gasse befanden sich eine koschere Schlachterei und eine jüdische Schule. Nach der Vertreibung der Juden im Jahr 1520 . . . — Map (db m77705) HM
Germany, Berlin — Baudenkmal Berliner Mauer[Berlin Wall Monument]
German Text: … English Text: The Berlin Wall became an international symbol of the division of Germany after the Second World War and also of the Cold War between East and West. The construction of the Berlin Wall began on August 13, 1961. The government of the German Democratic Republic (GDR) built this more than 150-km-long barrier to hermetically seal off East Berlin and the rest of the GDR. More than 2.7 million people had fled the GDR between October 1949 and . . . — Map (db m57785) HM
Germany, Berlin — Checkpoint Charlie Site
[Panel 1:] During the time Germany and Berlin were divided by THE WALL, the sign which symbolizes world history was standing here: The victorious powers of World War II and the two Germanies confronted each other here, and the Western powers defended the fundamental rights of the special Berlin-Status until the confrontation between USA/USSR tanks. This sign is a copy. The original sign still exists and can be seen in the Haus am Checkpoint Charlie – 40 meters from here. . . . — Map (db m56213) HM
Germany, Berlin — Pariser Platz
[English text] Pariser Plaz (Paris Square) is one of Berlin’s most distinctive squares and occupies a unique place within the groundplan of the city. Its planning is attributed to Philipp Gerlach (1697-1738), the architect commissioned by Frederick William I to extend the city’s development westward, which had begun in 1688. In 1732, at the request of the “Soldier King”, Gerlach extended Friedrichstrasse to intersect with Lindenstrasse, where he laid out a circus (now . . . — Map (db m56361) HM
Germany, Berlin — Soviet War MemorialTiergarten
Вечный славу героев, которые входят в борьбе против немецко -фашистских . . . — Map (db m57182) HM
Germany, Saxony-Anhalt (Mansfeld-Südharz District), Lutherstadt Eisleben — Martin Luther Death House
In diesem hause starb Dr. M. Luther den 18. Februar 1546. —————————— In this home, Dr. Martin Luther died on February 18, 1546. — Map (db m70220) HM
Greece, Attica Periphery, Athens — Areopagus Hill
[Left columns - text in Greek] [Right columns - text in English] The Areopagus, a rocky outcrop approximately 115 m. high is situated between three other hills, the Acropolis, the Pnyx, and the Kolonos Agoraios. Its name probably derives from Ares, the god of war, and the Ares-Erinyes or Semnes (also called the Eumenides), underground goddesses of punishment and revenge. A judicial body, the Areopagus Council, met on this hill to preside over cases of murder, sacrilege, . . . — Map (db m47716) HM
Greece, Attica Region (Central Athens Regional Unit), Athens — A. The Propylaia, B. The Shrine of Athena Hygieia and Hygieia
English Text: A. The Propylaia The Propylaia, the monumental entrance of the sanctuary of the Acropolis, was built at the west edge of the hill in the frame of the building programme of Perikles. The building's architect was Mnesikles, who applied ingenious and innovative architectural solutions. The construction of the Propylaia (437-432 B.C.) was interrupted by the outbreak of the Peloponnesian War, and as a result the original plan remained incomplete. The . . . — Map (db m85103) HM
Greece, Attica Region (Central Athens Regional Unit), Athens — A. The Sanctuary of Artemis Brauronia, B. The Chalkotheke
English Text: A. The sanctuary of Artemis Brauronia After passing through the Propylaia, the sanctuary of Artemis Brauronia, the so-called Brauronion, lies to the right of the processional way of the Acropolis. It was associated with the early sanctuary of Artemis in Brauron, a coastal town in eastern Attica. Artemis was worshipped as the goddess of nature and hunting, and she was the protector of girls, expecting mothers and women with newborn babies. It is . . . — Map (db m85203) HM
Greece, Attica Region (Central Athens Regional Unit), Athens — The "Old Temple" of Athena
The large Archaic temple to the south of the Erechtheion, which today preserves only its foundations, was called the "Old Temple" according to epigraphic evidence. Dedicated to Athena Polias, the patron deity of the city, it housed the xoanon, the wooden cult statue of the goddess to which the Athenians offered a peplos during the Panathenaic festival. The western section of the temple, consisting of three smaller parts, housed the cults of other divinities, possibly Hephaistus, . . . — Map (db m85232) HM
Greece, Attica Region (Central Athens Regional Unit), Athens — The Erechtheion
English Text: The elegant building of the Ionic order is called, according to later literary sources, Erechtheion from the name of Erechtheus, the mythical king of Athens. The construction started before the outbreak of the Peloponnesian War (431 B.C.) or after the conclusion of the "peace of Nikias" (421 B.C.) and was finished in 406 B.C., after the interruption of the works because of the war. The peculiar plan of the building is due to the natural irregularity of the . . . — Map (db m85173) HM
Greece, Crete (Heraklion), Knosos — "Kouloures""Kουλούρες"
English Text: Three large pits, known as "Kouloures" (rings) (Figure 1), with stone-lined walls were built in the West Court during the Old Palace period (1900-1700 B.C.). The excavation workmen gave them their name and Arthur Evans kept it. The function of the circular pits is not clear. They have been interpreted as rubbish dumps either for all the refuse from the Palace or just the leftovers from sacred offerings. Support has also been given to the idea that they were for . . . — Map (db m85436) HM
Greece, Crete (Heraklion), Knosos — "North Lustral Basin"
English Text: The room before you resembles a cistern. Its floor is lower than the surrounding area and is reached by steps. The "Lustral Basin" was surrounded by columns and was lined with slabs of gypsum giving it a luxurious appearance. In its present form, the area has been completely reconstructed by Evans (Figure 1). Areas with a similar arrangement have been found in other parts of the Palace of Knossos, as well as at other palaces and in important Minoan buildings of . . . — Map (db m85439) HM
Greece, Crete (Heraklion), Knosos — "Piano Nobile"
English Text: The great staircase and the upper floor to which it leads are largely Evan's creations. Evans thought that it had a function rather like the first floor of Italian Palazzi of the Renaissance, which was called the "Piano Nobile" (Figure 1). In this instance, he considered that the important reception rooms of the Palace would lie on the upper floor. Evans also thought that there existed a shrine, the "Tri-Columnar Shrine", and its Treasury. The basis for his . . . — Map (db m85453) HM
Greece, Crete (Heraklion), Knosos — "Shrine of the Double Axes"
English Text: The room before you was made into a shrine at the end of the Postpalatial period (1375-1200 B.C.). It is known as the "Shrine of the Double Axes" (Figure 1). On a bench at the back, different ritual objects were found amongst which were a stone double axe and votive clay idols (Figure 2). Similar small shrines have been found in houses of the same period. — Map (db m85476) HM
Greece, Crete (Heraklion), Knosos — "Theatral Area", "Royal Road"
English Text: The area before you was called the "Theatre" by Evans because its shape reminded him of later theatres (Figure 1). It is a platform and rows of steps that form an angle. At the bottom of the steps is the end of a narrow raised road that divides a paved court. Evans believed that the court was used for ceremonies watched by the standing viewers. The raised paved road continues in the opposite direction. It passes underneath the modern road to Herakleion connecting . . . — Map (db m85403) HM
Greece, Crete (Heraklion), Knosos — "Throne Room""Αίθουσα του Θρόνου"
English Text: You are in the antechamber of a complex of rooms that Evans named the "Throne Room". Its name comes from the stone seat found in the room behind the antechamber (Figure 1). Stone benches are preserved in the antechamber, and between them were discovered traces of a burnt wooden construction. Today, a wooden seat has been placed here which is a copy of the stone one in the neighboring chamber. After the antechamber is the central room of the complex. Right and left . . . — Map (db m85440) HM
Greece, Crete (Heraklion), Knosos — Palace of KnossosMain Visitor's Route
English Text: 1. West Court 2. "Kouloures" 3. "West Porch" 4. "Processional Causeway" 5. "South House" 6. "South Propylaeum" 7. "West Magazines" 8. "Throne Room" 9. "Tripartite Shrine" 10. Central Court 11. Copy of the "Prince of the Lilies" fresco 12. "Grand Staircase" 13. "Shrine of the Double Axes" 14. "Queen's Megaron" 15. "Hall of the Double Axes" 16. "Lapidary's Workshop" and "School room" 17. "Magazine of the Giant Pithoi" 18. "Corridor of . . . — Map (db m85412) HM
Greece, Crete (Heraklion), Knosos — Conservation - restoration of the "West Magazines"
The complex of the "West Magazine", an impressive row of eighteen long, narrow spaces (numbered in Latin numerals from one to eighteen), forms the main storage area of the Palace of Knossos. The construction-restoration work, undertaken between 2006 and 2009 in the context of the "Palace and Archaeological Site of Knossos" project, focussed on the southern, unroofed "Magazines III-VII". It was essential to conserve and restore not only the masonry but also the floors . . . — Map (db m85556) HM
Greece, Crete (Heraklion), Knosos — North Entrance, North Pillar Hall
English Text: An open air passage linked the Central Court with the North Entrance. It was paved and sharply inclined towards the north. The passage is narrow. Right and left were two raised colonnades known as "Bastions" (Figure 1). Arthur Evans reconstructed the "Bastion" on the west side. He also placed a copy of a restored relief fresco of a bull here. The wall painting may have formed part of a hunting scene. The passage ends in a large hall with ten square . . . — Map (db m85549) HM
Greece, Crete (Heraklion), Knosos — South Entrance, Corridor with the "Prince of the Lilies" Fresco
English Text: The south part and south facade of the Palace is very eroded. Today one can only see foundations on tiered levels. At the bottom, a tower-like projection is all that remains of the south entrance to the Palace. An ascending corridor led to the Central Court. The section of the corridor closest to the Central Court is reconstructed. Evans put a copy of a relief wall painting here, of which only a few fragments were found (Figure 1). On these it was possible to make . . . — Map (db m85469) HM
Greece, Crete (Heraklion), Knosos — The "Hall of the Double Axes" and the "Queen's Megaron"
English Text: Archaeological information concerning political organization during the Minoan period is very limited. Nevertheless, the mythological tradition concerning King Minos and Evan's notions concerning the institution of kingship have influenced interpretations of the Palace and its spaces. The "Royal Apartments" have been located in this region. The "Hall of the Double Axes" The "Hall of the Double Axes" (Figure 1) was so named by Evans due to the . . . — Map (db m85496) HM
Greece, Crete (Heraklion), Knosos — The “Magazines of the Giant Pithoi”, and the “East Bastion”
English Text: The great pithoi (storage jars) you see before you, were found in a place named by Evans, the "Magazines of the Giant Pithoi" (Figure 1). These magazines are one of the older parts of the Palace. The pithoi are set apart by their size, number of handles and the richness of their relief decoration with ropes and discs. On the right you see a staircase which has been reconstructed by Evans and descends to the east entrance of the Palace. The entrance is a robust . . . — Map (db m85506) HM
Greece, Crete (Heraklion), Knosos — The work of the Knossos Scientific Committee on the Palace and the archaeological site
English Text: The "Palace and Archaeological Site of Knossos" project, intended both to deal with the various problems faced by the monument and to promote it, was included in the 3rd Community Support Fund (CSF) in 2000, to be implemented by the Archaeological Receipts Fund. The Knossos Scientific Committee has been responsible for coordinating the project since 2001. The Technical Bulletins of the 3rd CSF project comprised an integrated programme for the conservation, . . . — Map (db m85562) HM
Greece, Crete (Heraklion), Knosos — Water and Drainage Conduits
English Text: In front of you can be seen part of the water system that channelled drinking water from a source in the vicinity of the palace. This took the form of a series of clay pipes with one end narrower than the other so that they could fit together, thereby increasing the water pressure and allowing it to flow more easily (figure 1, 2). The rectangular cut stone on your left, with the hollow in the upper side, is part of the drainage system linked to the perpendicular . . . — Map (db m85520) HM
Greece, Crete (Heraklion), Knosos — West Magazines
English Text: Looking down, you can see the start of the corridor that joins eighteen long and narrow storerooms, covering an area of 1300 square meters (Figure 1). In the floor of both the storerooms and corridor, there are ninety-three rectangular cists, the so-called "Kassellas". From the finds it appears they were used for keeping safe precious equipment and vases. There are also even larger cists in the corridor, internally lined, perhaps to hold liquids. The pithoi . . . — Map (db m85449) HM
Greece, Crete (Heraklion), Knosos — West WingΔυτική Πτέρυγα
English Text: The stairs on the right lead from the Central Court to the upper floor of the West Wing. This is largely reconstructed by Evans. The area left of the stairs has been identified as a shrine, called by Evans the "Tripartite Shrine". Its facade had columns and was divided into three parts, the central element being the highest. There is a depiction of a comparable shrine on a wall painting now on display in Herakleion Museum. Inside the shrine were found clay tablets . . . — Map (db m85442) HM
Greece, Eastern Macedonia and Thrace Region (Kavala Regional Unit), Krinides — Ancient Theater
English Text: The ancient theater of Philippi is a very important monument, located on the southeastern hillside of the acropolis leaning against the eastern city wall. Its initial phase is dated in the reign of the King of Macedonia Philip II (middle of the 4th c. BC). The Roman colonizers continued to use the Hellenistic theater but they remodeled it in order to be adapted to the new spectacles of the Roman society and to receive a multitude of spectators from the city and the . . . — Map (db m84753) HM
Greece, Eastern Macedonia and Thrace Region (Kavala Regional Unit), Krinides — Annexes to Octagon at Philippi
North of the octagonal church, and with the Hellenistic tomb-heroon continuing to function as nucleus, the spaces of prothesis, diakonikon, phiale and baptistery were developed. The later consisted of apodyterium, catechumena, baptistery and chrismarion. As a natural continuation, during the Christian period the heroon was transformed into a place of worship of an unknown martyr or even the Apostle Paul himself. Further north, on the via Egnatia, the transition to the . . . — Map (db m84813) HM
Greece, Eastern Macedonia and Thrace Region (Kavala Regional Unit), Krinides — Archeological Area Filippi
Αρχαιολογικός Χώρος Φιλίππων 1. Acropolis 2. Neapolhs Gate 3. Theatre 4. Sanctuary of Sylvanus 5. Sanctuary with Three Niches 6. Basillica A 7. Heroon 8. Prison of Saint Paul 9. Forum 10. Commercial Agora 11. Basillika B 12. Palaestra 13. Baths - Assembly 14. V A Egnatia 15. Bishops Palace 16. Octagon Church 17. Balneum . . . — Map (db m84743) HM
Greece, Eastern Macedonia and Thrace Region (Kavala Regional Unit), Krinides — Christian Philippi
English Text: Philippi was a flourishing city in eastern Macedonia during the Hellenistic, Roman, and Early Christian periods, with continuous habitation from the mid-4th century BC to the 14th century AD. The city's 3500-meter long fortification wall was repaired and supplemented during the Roman and Byzantine periods. The start of the Christian period at Philippi was marked by the arrival of the Apostle Paul in 49-50 AD and the founding of the first Christian community on . . . — Map (db m84801) HM
Greece, Eastern Macedonia and Thrace Region (Kavala Regional Unit), Krinides — Philippi
English text: The ancient city of Philippi was built on the fringes of the marshes that occupied the south-east part of the plain of Drama. The first settlers were colonists from Thasos who were aware of the rich sources of precious metals, timber, and agricultural products in the region and therefore founded the colony of Krenides in 360 BC. The new colony was soon threatened by the Thracians and in 356 BC sought the aid of Philip II, king of Macedonia. Discerning the economic and . . . — Map (db m84747) HM
Greece, Eastern Macedonia and Thrace Region (Regional unit of Kavala), Kavala — Black Sea - Silk Road
Marker's English Text: Kavala The history of the town begins in the 7th century BC, in the reign of Philip II, father of Alexander the Great, flourished here the seaport of Neapolis (Kavala) which served the city of Philippi. In 49 AD St. Paul disembarked in the port and began preaching for the first time Christianity in Europe. In the 8th century AD the town changed its name to Christoupoli. In 1391 the town was destroyed and then occupied by the Turks. In 1470 it . . . — Map (db m84727) HM
Greece, Eastern Macedonia and Thrace Region (Regional unit of Kavala), Kavala — Neapolis-Christoupolis-Kavala (7th C.BC. - 20th C.AD.)
Marker's English Text: Historical Outline The Panagia peninsula has been inhabited since the Early Iron Age (1050-700 BC). In the second half of the 7th century BC, Parian settlers from Thasos founded a new colony, Neapolis, in this key location. Capitalizing on a fertile hinterland and lucrative mines, the settlement flourished economically and culturally. After its submission to Philip II, Neapolis became the port of the newly-founded . . . — Map (db m84729) HM
Greece, Kalymnos (peripheral unit) (Pátmos municipality), Chorá — Historic Centre (Chorá)Monastery of Saint John the Theologian — World Heritage Site
[Marker text printed in Greek and English script:] 1999 The Historic Centre (Chorá) with the Monastery of Saint John the Theologian and the Cave of the Apocalypse World Heritage Site The Historic Centre (Chorá) with the Monastery of Saint John the Theologian and the Cave of the Apocalypse are inscribed in the List of World Heritage Sites of the Convention for the Protection of World Heritage of the UNESCO. Inclusion in the list recognizes the exceptional value of a cultural . . . — Map (db m43647) HM
Greece, Kalymnos peripheral unit (Patmos municipality), Chorá — Historic Centre (Chorá)Cave of the Apocalypse — World Heritage Site
1999 The Historic Centre (Chorá) with the Monastery of Saint John the Theologian and the Cave of the Apocalypse World Heritage Site The Historic Centre (Chorá) with the Monastery of Saint John the Theologian and the Cave of the Apocalypse are inscribed in the List of World Heritage Sites of the Convention for the Protection of World Heritage of the UNESCO. Inclusion in the list recognizes the exceptional value of a cultural site so that it may be protected for the benefit of all Humanity. — Map (db m43646) HM
Greece, Peloponnese Region (Corinthia Regional Unit), Archea Korinthos (Old Corinth) — Ancient Corinth
English Text: 1. Temple of Apollo 2. Lechaion Road 3. Propylaia 4. Bema 5. Race Course 6. Heroon of the Crossroads 7. Underground Shrine 8. Central Shops 9. South Stoa 10. Bouleuterion 11. South Basilica 12. Julian Basilica 13. Peirene Fountain 14. Peribolos of Apollo 15. Eurycleus Baths 16. Lechaion Road Basilica 17. North Building 18. Captive Facade 19. Northwest Stoa 20. West Terrace Temples 21. Babbius Monument 22. West Shops 23. . . . — Map (db m85149) HM
Greece, Peloponnese Region (Corinthia Regional Unit), Archea Korinthos (Old Corinth) — Archaeological Site of Ancient Corinth
Αρχαιολογικός Χώρος Αρχαίας Κορίνθου English Text: Legend 1. Temple of Apollo 2. Lechaion Road 3. Propylaia on the Lechaion Road 4. Bema 5. Altar 6. Temple F 7. Temple G 8. Temple H 9. Temple J 10. Monument of Babies Philinus 11. Temple D 12. Temple K 13. Glauke . . . — Map (db m85135) HM
Greece, Peloponnese Region (Corinthia Regional Unit), Archea Korinthos (Old Corinth) — Buildings at the West End of Roman Agora
English Text: The buildings in the west end of the Roman Forum date from the 1st and 2nd century AD. In contrast to most temples of both Greek and Roman periods in Greece, the temples each stood on a high podium constructed of rubble and cement. Originally they were clad with marble revetment and had a staircase ascending their east side. The temples themselves had a simple rectangular cella faced with columns supporting the roof only on their east side. The route followed by . . . — Map (db m84867) HM
Greece, Peloponnese Region (Corinthia Regional Unit), Archea Korinthos (Old Corinth) — Glauke Fountain
English Text: The fountain of Glauke, a large cubic mass of limestone, was formed when the surrounding bedrock was quarried away. Originally, the fountain was contained within a long limestone ridge running west from Temple Hill. Pausanias, who described his visit to Corinth ca. A.D. 150, reports that the fountain received its name from Glauke, daughter of Creon the King of Corinth and the second wife of the hero Jason. Medea, Jason's first wife, in a fit of jealousy presented . . . — Map (db m84823) HM
Greece, Peloponnese Region (Corinthia Regional Unit), Archea Korinthos (Old Corinth) — Lechaion Road
English Text: Propylaie on the Lechaion Road The Propylaia, the main entrance to the Forum, consisted of three archways; one main and two smaller ones. At the time of Pausanias the gilded bronze chariots of Helios and Phaethon stood on this imposing building. The Propylaia dates from the 1st century A.D. The Lechaion Road The main north-south artery (cardo maximus) of the Roman city, ultimately linked the Agora of Corinth with the harbour . . . — Map (db m84967) HM
Greece, Peloponnese Region (Corinthia Regional Unit), Archea Korinthos (Old Corinth) — Peirene Fountain
English Text: Peirene is one of the most important topoi in the urban landscape of both Greek and Roman Corinth. Human activity is attested in the area from the Neolithic period, and the first efforts in water management date to the Geometric period. The facility was gradually embellished from the Archaic period forward, so that by the 2nd century B.C., it consisted of six chambers providing access to three deep draw basins supplied with water by conduits excavated hundreds of . . . — Map (db m84991) HM
Greece, Peloponnese Region (Corinthia Regional Unit), Archea Korinthos (Old Corinth) — South Stoa
English Text: The South Stoa, one of the largest porticoed buildings in ancient Greece, was built in the late 4th century B.C., to the south of the race track of Corinth. The excavation of it by the American School of Classical Studies was begun in 1933 and completed in 1948. The Stoa covers an area of about 0.4 hectares and measures 164.38 meters x 25.15 meters. Its facade has 71 Doric columns, and it had a second internal colonnade of 34 Ionic columns. The back part of the . . . — Map (db m85076) HM
Greece, Peloponnese Region (Corinthia Regional Unit), Archea Korinthos (Old Corinth) — Temple E
English Text: Standing 9.00 meters above the Forum, Temple E occupied as prominent a place in the Roman city as the Temple of Apollo. In its first phase, the temple had stone foundations, probably with a triple crepis measuring 44.00 x 23.50 meters, on which was constructed a limestone Doric temple with six columns across its facade. The temple enclosure was bounded by a wall to the west and by stoas on the north and south. It is dated to the early 1st century A.D., soon after . . . — Map (db m85084) HM
Greece, Peloponnese Region (Corinthia Regional Unit), Archea Korinthos (Old Corinth) — Temple of Apollo
English Text: The seven standing columns of the Archaic temple are one of the most prominent landmarks of Corinth. Contrary to one's first impression, however, the view from this point is back of the building. The dedication of the temple to Apollo is deduced from Pausanias' description of Corinth combined with a small plaque which was dedicated to Apollo and fount in the area. Built in the middle of the 6th century B.C. to replace a destroyed 7th century predecessor, the temple is . . . — Map (db m84826) HM
Greece, Peloponnese Region (Corinthia Regional Unit), Archea Korinthos (Old Corinth) — The Rostra (Bema) of the Roman Forum
English Text: The Rostra was a complex marble structure dating from the middle of the 1st century A.D. which dominated the face of the terrace of the Upper Forum at Corinth. It took the form of an open propylon with a n-shaped ground plan, which stood on a rectangular pedestal measuring 15.6 x 7.2 meters. This pedestal had a crepis with two steps and on the north projected 3.00 meters above the level of the Lower Forum. Its superstructure consisted of eight pillars, the . . . — Map (db m84874) HM
Ireland, Connacht (County Galway), Inishmore, Aran Islands — Dún Aonghus
This, one of the finest prehistoric fortresses in Western Europe, consists of three dry-stone ramparts, and the remains of a fourth, the outermost of which encloses an area of 11 acres. Outside the second rampart there is a 30 foot band of upright stones forming a defensive band or “chevaux de frise.” Considerable alterations were made in the 19th century when the buttresses in the inside wall were erected. Tá sé seo ar cheann de na dúnta réamh-stairiúla is breátha in . . . — Map (db m25053) HM
Ireland, Connacht (County Roscommon), Cloonyquin — Percy French1854 - 1920
This memorial is erected on the site of the birthplace of William Percy French Born 1st May 1854 and commemorates his life as engineer, song-writer, entertainer, artist and journalist. “Remember me is all I ask, and yet if the remembrance prove a task - forget!” W.P.F. Erected by Co. Roscommon Historical and Archaeological Society in 1984. This plaque was erected by Co. Roscommon Percy French Society to commemorate the 150th anniversary of the . . . — Map (db m28177) HM
Ireland, Leinster (County Dublin), Dublin — Lord Ardilaun
Prior to 1877 St. Stephen's Green was a private square for the use of the residents of the Green. In that year, through the generosity of Sir Arthur Edward Guinness (Lord Ardilaun) negotiations were concluded for converting it into a public park. Lord Ardilaun paid off debts against the park and invested an additional £20,000 in laying out the grounds as a park and garden. The bronze statue of Lord Ardilaun was erected by public subscriptions in 1892. ——— The Right . . . — Map (db m25311) HM
Ireland, Leinster (County Longford), Kenagh — fáilte go Kenagh
Brief History of Longford Longford is a focal point of the northern midlands where the provinces of Leinster, Ulster and Connaught all converge. Longford, where history and literature, tradegy and triumph are all woven together, takes its name from the ancient stronghold of the O'Farrell family (Long Fort - Fort of the O'Farrells) who ruled from the 11th Century. Bordered to the west by the majestic River Shannon, Longford is a county of rolling plains and picturesque stretches of water. . . . — Map (db m27946) HM
Ireland, Leinster (County Louth), Monasterboice — Monasterboice / Mainistir Bhuithe
Monasterboice — from Mainistir Bhuithe (the Monastery of Buithe) This is the only early Irish monastery whose name incorporates the Irish word mainistir. Monasterboice was founded by St Buite, who died around 520. The monastery was an important centre of spirituality and learning for many centuries until the Cistercians arrived at nearby Mellifont in 1142. The two churches which stand on the site today were probably built no earlier than the end of the 14th . . . — Map (db m24628) HM
Ireland, Leinster (County Louth), Monasterboice — 98 — The South Church / An Teampall Theas
At one time a church consisting of nave and chancel stood on this site. In the 13th century re-edification the west gable was moved back to add over two feet to the nave. The chancel having by this time disappeared, the plain round arch in the east gable was built up to give a single-roomed building. —————— Bhí tráth ar an láthair seo teampall ina raibh méánlann agus caingeal. Nuair a hathógadh é sa 13ú aois bogadh an bhinn thiar amach le 2'4" a chur leis an meánlann. — Map (db m24717) HM
Ireland, Leinster (County Meath), Kells — Headfort PlaceKells Heritage Trail
Headfort Place was purposely widened and lined with trees in the 18th century to make it a suitable setting for its attractive Georgian houses. It is also here that a site for a parish church was donated to the Roman Catholic community by Lord Bective. The original site of the church is in the area near the present church's carpark. — Map (db m27339) HM
Ireland, Leinster (County Meath), Kells — Kells Courthouse
The courthouse, built in 1801, was designed by the prominent Irish architect Francis Johnston. Johnston also designed the General Post Office and Nelson's Pillar in Dublin, and Townley Hall, County Louth. A Vantage Point to the Past Several important landmarks of Kells recent history can be seen from this vantage point in front of the courthouse. Located to the west of the courthouse we find Headfort Place - a wide, tree-lined avenue of Georgian houses - the Headfort estate agent's . . . — Map (db m27340) HM
Ireland, Leinster (County Meath), Loyd — Kells Union Workhouse Paupers' Graveyard
Erected to the memory of the poor interred here during the operation of the English Poor Law System. 1838 - 1921. R. I. P. In the immediate aftermath of the Great ‘Famine’, this mass burial place was opened in 1851 for the poor people of the Kells District. Their memory challenges us to end the scandal of hunger in today's world of plenty. AFrI Great “Famine” Project Erected 9th October 1993 “Famine is a lie” Brian . . . — Map (db m27326) HM
Ireland, Leinster (County Meath), Newgrange — The Woodhenge/Pit circle / The Winter Soltice
The Woodhenge/Pit circle If you were here 4000 years ago in the Early Bronze Age you would be standing inside a large wooden enclosure. The passage tomb was no longer in use at this time but the site was still a focal point for ritual and celebration. Because the enclosure was made of wood, it hasn't survived above ground. However, evidence of it was found by archaeologists. They found postholes where the huge wooden stakes had been. They also found pits where small animals had been . . . — Map (db m22522) HM
Ireland, Leinster (County Meath), Slane — Slane AbbeyMainistir Shláine
Slane Abbey It is believed that in 433 AD, the first Christian missionary to Ireland, later known as St. Patrick, lit a large celebration fire here on the Hill of Slane. Soon after St Patrick, a monastery associated with St Earc was built on the site. But we know little of its history until the church was rebuilt in its present form in 1512, when Sir Christopher Fleming founded a Franciscan friary. The church was built to a simple plan but it has a fine bell tower; the aisle to the . . . — Map (db m22533) HM
Ireland, Munster (County Kerry), Dunquin — The Blaskets
This group, the most westerly off the Irish coast, comprises 7 sizeable islands and isolated rocks spread in a line west by south over 2½ miles of the Atlantic, the largest (Great Blasket) 2 miles off shore. Antiquities of the early Christian period include oratories, crosses and “beehive” cells on Inis Mhicileáin and Inis Tuaisceart, and church ruins on the Great Blasket. The economy of the islands, based mainly on fishing with some farming, in 1839 supported 13 . . . — Map (db m24096) HM
Ireland, Munster (County Kerry), Fahan — Dunbeg Promontory Fort / An Dún Beag
Dunbeg Promontory Fort This Promontory Fort consists of four fosses (ditches) and five mounds. Behind this we have the terraced dry-stone masonry rampart, originally straight but which became curved during later construction work. The entrance is roofed and flanked by two guardrooms. The inner part of the wall is the older, the outer portion being added later to strengthen it. Inside the Fort are the remains of a large Clochaun, internally square on plan. There is a water drain around . . . — Map (db m24780) HM
Ireland, Munster (County Kerry), Reask — Reask Monastic Site / Láthair Mhainistreach an Riaisc
Reask - from An Riasc (the marsh). This important early monastery was probably founded in the 6th century. Little is known of the history of the site. The enclosing wall is roughly circular and its interior is divided by a curving wall into two parts. In the eastern part is the oratory (a small church) which was made - like all the other buildings on the site - with dry-stone walls with a corbelled roof; no mortar was used to hold the walls together. Besides . . . — Map (db m24147) HM
Israel, Jerusalem District, Jerusalem — Gethsemane
Garden of Olives Jesus went out with his disciples across the Kidron valley to a place where there was a garden, which he and his disciples entered. (Gospel of John 18:1) “Gethsemane, a place where the Savior prayed before the passion. It is at the foot of the Mount of Olives, and today the faithful eagerly go to pray there.” (Eusebius of Caesarea: end of 3rd Cent. A.D.) Campus Florum (since 13th Cent. A.D.) – ‘Flower Garden’ Old Olive Trees . . . — Map (db m44596) HM
Israel, Jerusalem District, Jerusalem — Western WallTemple Mount — [Old City of Jerusalem]
The Divine presence never moves from the Western Wall. Jewish tradition teaches that the Temple Mount is the focal point of Creation. In the center of the mountain lies the “Foundation Stone” of the world. Here Adam came into being. Here Abraham, Isaac and Jacob served God. The First and Second Temples were built upon this mountain. The Ark of the Covenant was set upon the Foundation Stone itself. Jerusalem was chosen by God as the dwelling place of the . . . — Map (db m44722) HM
Italy, Campania (Naples Province), Pompei — Pompei Giubileo [Pompeii Jubilee] 2000Edifici Privati/Private Buildings
[Text in Italian …] Text in English: The destructive fury of Vesuvius raged the 24th August in 79 a.C. Buried under three metres of ash, Pompeii suddenly stopped living. From the Forum to the Temple of Iside; from the House of the Faun to the Barracks of the Gladiators; thousands of bodies lay on the ground: slaves and merchants, women, children and rich landowners. After sleeping for centuries, the buried city sees light again: the dawning of the most exciting archaeological . . . — Map (db m48081) HM
Italy, Campania (Naples Province), Pompei — Teatro Grande e Quadriportico/Great Theatre and Quadriporticus — Pompeiviva
Il Teatro Grande fu costruito nel II secolo II a.C., addossando la struttura ad una collina lavica e ristrutturato in epoca augustea. La cavea costituita da gradini in tufo o calcare, ospitava circa 5000 persone in tre zone separate da corridoi anulari: l’inferiore (ima cavea), l’intermia (media cavea) e la superior (suma cavea). Alle estremita della gradinata vi erano I palchi d’onore, I tribunalia; al centro l’orchestra e alle spalle il proskenion (podio del palcoscenico) con sullo sfondo . . . — Map (db m47980) HM
Italy, Lazio (Rome Province), Castel Gandolfo — World’s First Mailbox
Città di Castel Gandolfo Il 23 Novembre 1820 Il Consiglio Comunale di Castel Gandolfo Composto da Paolo Mallozzi - Luogotenente Marco Troiani - Capo Pretore Candido Marazzi - Pretore Filippo Albenzi - Pretore E dai consiglieri Stefano Evangelisti · Giuseppe Togni · Giuseppe Bernini Giuseppe di Lucia · Francesco Marroni · Vincenzo Stazi Giuseppe Manufelli · Giuseppe Gasperini · Domenico Lolli Luca Campodonico · Francesco Alberti · Angelo Antonio . . . — Map (db m32347) HM
Italy, Lazio (Rome Province), Rome — The Spanish Steps / La Scalinata di Trinità dei Monti

The Spanish Steps Built between 1723 and 1726 following the project of the architect Francesco De Sanctis (1693-1740), the Spanish Steps (Scalinata di Trinità dei Monti) link the Church of Trinità dei Monti located on the slopes of Pincian Hill with the underneath Piazza di Spagna. The fountain Barcaccia was built here in 1626-29 by Pietro Bernini and his son Gianlorenzo.

The idea of building a stairs linking the Pincian Hill to the square, in order to cross the drop between them, . . . — Map (db m84492) HM

Italy, Lazio (Rome Province), Rome — Vittorio Emanuele II — [Capitoline Hill]
Monumento a Vittorio Emanuele II secc. XIX-XX Architetti: G. Sacconi, P. Piacentini, G. Koch, M. Manfredi Renderings of the Monument: Pianta * Sezione longitudianle * Prospeto [Left column - Text in Italian…] Right column - Text in English: The Monument to Vittorio Emanuele IInd is situated in the Campitelli district which was the site of many great undertakings throughout the centuries. Nowadays, not many people actually live here, for . . . — Map (db m47437) HM
Palestinian Territories, West Bank, Bethlehem — Nativity Church
(Arabic inscription preceedes English inscription) The oldest church in use, the Nativity Church is home to the birthplace of Jesus Christ. The Byzantine Queen Helena inaugurated the construction of a Basilica at the Nativity in 339 A.D. at the site where the Roman Emperor Hadrian had built a shrine dedicated to Adonis. The Basilica was destroyed and rebuilt by Emperor Justinian in 531 A.D. and reinforced to its present fortress shape by Tancrea in 1169 A.D. During Ottoman rule, the . . . — Map (db m44631) HM
Philippines, Cavite Province, Corregidor Island — CorregidorMonument to Peace, Human Valor and International Understanding
Corregidor derived its name from Corregimiento or “Municipal District”. About 1225 the island became a stronghold for Chinese pirates until the latter were driven by the Moros. Became Spanish possession, 1570, when Spaniards arrived in Manila from Panay. Occupied by the Dutch, 1600. Recaptured by the Spaniards as a fortification besides being used as lighthouse, dockyard, naval convalescent hospital, penal colony, and checking point for ships to have their papers corrected. . . . — Map (db m63652) HM WM
Philippines, Laguna, Los Baños — Pook ng Bilangguang Kampo sa Los Baños — "Los Baños Internment Camp"
Panel 1: Pook ng Bilangguang Kampo sa Los Baños Ginamit ng mga Hapones bilang bilangguang kampo para sa mga bihag na Amerikano at ibang banyaga noong 1943. Nilusob ng pinagsanib na pangkat ng gerilyang Filipino mula sa mga kasapi ng ROTC Hunters, Hukbalahap ika-48 iskwadron tsino. Sariling Pangkat ni Pangulong Quezon, Pangkat Marking, at iba pang di-regular na tropa noong 23 Pebrero 1945. Ang pinagsanib na puwersa ay inorganisa ni Tinyente Koronel Gustavo Ingles na kasapi ng Hunters at . . . — Map (db m63618) HM WM
Philippines, Manila, Intramuros — Plaza de Roma
Formerly called Plaza Mayor. Converted into a park in 1797. Renamed Plaza McKinley after U.S. President William McKinley in 1901. Renamed Plaza de Roma in 1961 to honor Sacred College of Cardinals in Rome following the elevation of first Filipino cardinals, Rufino J. Santos. Bronze monument to Carlos IV of Spain erected in 1824 as a tribute for the introduction of the smallpox vaccine in the Philippines. Fountain built in 1886. Statue replaced by Gomburza monument in the 1960s. Statue returned in 1981. — Map (db m25154) HM
Philippines, Manila, Intramuros — Plaza Santo Tomas
Lot originally purchased by the Dominican Order in 1627 for their cemetery and garden. Bought by city government in 1861 as a public plaza. Given to the University of Santo Tomas in 1879. Bronze statue of U.S.T. founder Archbishop Miguel de Benavides erected in 1891. Monument transferred to present campus along Espana Street after the war. — Map (db m25285) HM
Philippines, Metro Manila, Sampaloc, Manila — University of Santo TomasUniversidad de Sto. Tomas — Main Building
Panel 1: Founded in 1611 by legacy of Archbishop Miguel de Benavides. Authorized to confer degrees in 1624. Granted university privileges in 1645 by Innocent X upon Philip IV’s request. Made a royal university in 1785 by Charles III and a pontifical university in 1902 by Leo XIII. Oldest university under the American flag. This building designed and constructed under the supervision of Rev. Roque Ruaño, O.P., was solemnly inaugurated on July 2, 1927. Panel 2: Commemorating the . . . — Map (db m72333) HM
Philippines, Zambales (Subic Bay Freeport Zone), Olongapo — Old West Gate"Spanish Gate"
This gate was the entrance to the original Spanish Naval Station established in Subic Bay in 1885. The principal Spanish construction lay to the east along what is now Rivera Point and consisted of an arsenal, several warehouses, and a number of shop buildings. The base at Subic-Olongapo was used by the Spanish Navy to provide repair, supply, ammunition and medical support for ships. The post was commanded by the Second Commandancia of the base at Cavite and was considered a . . . — Map (db m68100) HM
Switzerland, Lucerne (Lucerne (District)) — "Deer Square"Hirschenplatz
Im Spätmittelalter als schmale Gasse städtischer Schweinemarkt. Er wurde um 1545 vor das Baslertor verlegt. Nach einem Brand legte man 1555/56 zwei Häuser nieder und schuf so den << Neuen Platz >>. Den Namen erhielt der Platz vom Gasthaus Hirschen, das seit 1472 bezeugt ist. German-English translation: In the late Middle Ages this narrow lane was the city pig market, which was transferred in 1545 to the Basel Gate. A fire in 1555-56 burned two houses down and created the "New . . . — Map (db m67699) HM
Switzerland, Lucerne (Lucerne (District)) — "Star Square"Sternenplatz
Der Platz, auf dem fünf Gassen zusammentreffen, hiess 1259 und bis weit über das Mittelalter hinaus << Unter den Bäumen >>. Der Name verrät eine lockere, baumbestandene Überbauung, die sich seit dem Mittelalter zunehmend verdichtete. Die seit dem 17. Jahrhundert erwähnte Bezeichnung Sternenplatz dürfte sich von der Platzform ableiten. German-English translation: From 1259 and well through the Middle Ages this square where five streets meet has been called "Beneath the Trees". . . . — Map (db m67730) HM
Switzerland, Lucerne (Lucerne (District)) — "Sweet Spot"Süesswinkel
Die abgwinkelte Gasse, seit 1314 Winkel genannt, war lange Zeit von Ställen und Misthaufen gesäumt. Von da stammt wohl der 1538 erstmals erwähnte Spottname << Süesser Winkel >>. German-English translation: This angled alley, known of since 1314, was for a long time lined with stables and manure heaps. From that probably comes the nickname "Sweet Spot", first mentioned in 1538. — Map (db m67722) HM
Switzerland, Lucerne (Lucerne (District)) — Teiling AlleyTeilinggasse
Die Verbindung zwischen Sternenplatz und Weggisgasse hiess, wie seit dem 17. Jahrhundert bezeugt ist, früher Strehlgasse. Der Name wurde 1890 in Erinnerung an Frischhans Teiling geändert. Dieser zeichnete sich 1478 bei Giornico als Hauptmann der Luzerner aus, wurde aber in Zürich 1487 anlässlich der Herbstmesse, die er als Tuchhändler besuchte, auf Veranlassung von Bürgermeister Hans Waldmann widerrechtlich gefangengenommen und hingerichtet. German-English translation: The . . . — Map (db m67724) HM
Turkey, İzmir (Selçuk District), Ephesus — Last Home of the Blessed Virgin, the Mother of Jesus Christ
Notice About The Shrine This place is considered to be the last home of the Blessed Virgin, the Mother of Jesus Christ. The Facts According to the Scriptures: St. John, in his Gospel, tells us that Jesus, before dying on the Cross, entrusted to him the care of His Mother when He said: “Here is your Mother,” and from that hour St. John took Her to his own. The “Acts of the Apostles” relate how, after the death of Christ, His followers were persecuted . . . — Map (db m44049) HM
Turks and Caicos Islands, Grand Turk, Cockburn Town — Horatio Nelson Lookout Point
Lookout Point is named in honor of British Admiral Horatio Nelson who fought for Grand Turk's liberation from French occupants in March 1783. The French occupied Grand Turk for a short time and famed Horatio Nelson led a daring but failed attack to retake the island. To the west lies Columbus Passage. A subject to debate some historians believe Christopher Columbus' first landfall in the New World was on Grand Turk. To the east is the Northeast Reef, the shallow reef which caused hundreds of . . . — Map (db m40663) HM
U.S Virgin Islands, St John — Annaberg Historic TrailAnnaberg Sugar Mill
As you wander the ruins, picture the thriving 18th-19th century sugar factory: big rollers crushing the cane, juice pouring down to the boiling room, and everywhere the thick scent of rum and molasses. This was the Danish plantation era, when sugar dominated the island for 150 years.

The ¼ mile walk takes about half an hour. For your safety, and to preserve the historic structures, please do no climb on the ruins. — Map (db m60776) HM

United Kingdom, Kent, Walmer — Caesar’s Invasion of Britain
The first Roman invasion of Britain led by Julius Caesar landed near here LV BC. — Map (db m24553) HM
United Kingdom, Scotland (South Lanarkshire), Lanark — Lanark Castle
On this mound, site of an ancient Roman fortification, stood the Royal Castle of Lanark, a residence of David I (1124-1153), William the Lion (1165-1214), and later kings from which many of their royal charters are dated. It was the meeting place of the Scots Parliaments in 1293-4-5. The castle was occupied by the English under Edward I and Edward II, and was finally won back in the Wars of Independence. — Map (db m85668) HM
United Kingdom, Scotland (Stirlingshire), Stirling — Battle of Bannockburn
"For God and St. Andrew" Robert the Bruce King of Scots Planted his standard near this spot when the Scottish Patriots under the command vanquished the Army of Edward II of England at the Battle of Bannockburn 24th June 1314 "We fight not for glory nor for wealth nor honour but only and alone we fight for freedom which no good man surrenders but with his life" — Map (db m85598) HM
United Kingdom, Scotland (Stirlingshire), Stirling — The Battle of Stirling Bridge
In early September 1297 a mighty army arrived in Stirling to put down Scots resistance to English rule. The Scots allowed around half the invaders to advance across the narrow bridge over the Forth. Then William Wallace and the Scots swept forward to achieve a brilliant victory over a far-superior force. — Map (db m85596) HM
Alabama (Baldwin County), Gulf Shores — Fort Bowyer War of 1812
At, or near, this site, the United States, after seizing this point of land from the Spanish in 1813, built Fort Bowyer, a structure of wood and sand. A small garrison of men courageously fought to defend the fort against two British attacks, one in September, 1814, again in February, 1815. — Map (db m28692) HM
Alabama (Blount County), Locust Fork — Gabriel Hanby, 1786-1826← Grave and Homesite 300 Yards
Member Constitutional Convention 1819 First Senator of Blount County Brigadier General, Alabama Militia County road and court systems organized at his house 1820. — Map (db m32484) HM
Alabama (Blount County), Oneonta — Champion Mines
John Hanby came in 1817 and found a rich seam of brown iron ore. Named Champion in 1882 when Henry DeBardeleben and James Sloss bought land and brought L&N Railroad causing county seat to be moved from Blountsville to Oneonta in 1889. Most ore was mined by Shook and Fletcher 1925-1967 from Champion & Taits Gap mines under E. N. Vandergrift, superintendent. Ore was shipped to Woodward, T. C. I. & Sloss furnaces in Birmingham and Republic in Gadsden. — Map (db m28362) HM
Alabama (Calhoun County), Alexandria — The Tallasahatchie Battle Field
This Stone Marks The Site Of The Tallasahatchie Battle Field. On this spot Lieut. Gen. John Coffee with Gen. Andrew Jackson’s men won a victory over the Creek Indians, Nov. 3, 1813. Erected by the Frederick Wm. Gray Chapt. Daughters of the American Revolution. Nov. 3, 1913. Anniston Ala. — Map (db m36554) HM
Alabama (Calhoun County), Jacksonville — Downtown Jacksonville Historic District
Selected as a landmark contributing to a deeper understanding of our American Heritage. Entered on The National Register of Historic Places by the United States Department of the Interior May 13, 1986 Centered around Jacksonville’s historic Public Square, the district is bounded by Thomas Avenue, Vann Street, Spring Avenue, and College Street. — Map (db m36479) HM
Alabama (Colbert County), Muscle Shoals — Howell & Graves School
Marker Front: Muscle Shoals City was incorporated on April 24, 1923. Among the leading developers were New York realtors A.L. Howell and C.T. Graves. Their interest in Muscle Shoals was inspired by the vision of Henry Ford to use power from Wilson Dam and the Nitrate Plants to "employ one million workers and build a city 75 miles wide." Although Ford's vision remained unfulfilled, Howell & Graves helped develop the town by building the first City Hall, bungalows, a service station, and . . . — Map (db m28580) HM
Alabama (Colbert County), Sheffield — President Franklin Delano Roosevelt
On Jan. 21, 1933 President-elect Franklin Delano Roosevelt addressed an immense crowd at this crossing from his railroad car and promised "to put Muscle Shoals back on the map." He then toured the idle U.S. Nitrate Plant No. 2 and Wilson Dam with Senator George Norris. The new Congress approved Norris's plans for development of the entire Tennessee River and FDR signed the Tennessee Valley Authority Act on May 15, 1933, thereby ending years of bitter controversy about the future of the Muscle . . . — Map (db m83392) HM
Alabama (Colbert County), Sheffield — Village One
Front In 1918, during World War I, the U.S. Government built this unique village of 85 bungalows, school, and officers barracks to house personnel at nearby Nitrate Plant No. 1. Prefabricated and standard size materials were used in construction along with red tile roofs and stucco exteriors. Streets were laid out in an unusual "Liberty Bell" design. Reverse The Village was owned by TVA from 1933~1949. Its employees occupied the houses and their children attended a . . . — Map (db m28577) HM
Alabama (Colbert County), Tuscumbia — Colbert County Courthouse Square District
22 structures, first Northwest Alabama historic district placed on National Register of Historic Places (1973): Courthouse, erected 1881, shows Italianate and Greek Revival influences. Fifth Street, Commercial Row, seven adjoining brick structures (late 1840's) housed commission merchants and later "The North Alabamian" Railroad Depot (1888, Tuscumbia Railroad chartered 1830); four churches (Baptist, Episcopal, Methodist, Presbyterian); and eight homes of prominent early citizens ~ some of . . . — Map (db m28584) HM
Alabama (Colbert County), Tuscumbia — Ivy GreenBirthplace of Helen Keller
The Family Home of Captain Arthur M. & Kate Adams Keller was build 1820, being the second house erected in Tuscumbia. Here on June 27, 1880 was born America's First Lady of Courage Helen Adams Keller — Map (db m29089) HM
Alabama (Colbert County), Tuscumbia — St. John's Episcopal Church
This congregation was organized in the 1830's, with services being held in private homes and the Methodist meeting house. The present building was first used in October 1852 and completed the following year. During the Civil War, Union troops occupied the church and destroyed some of the parish records. St. John's is an early example of the "carpenter's Gothic" style popular for many Episcopal churches during the mid-19th century. Damaged by a tornado in 1874, the church afterward was . . . — Map (db m28422) HM
Alabama (Colbert County), Tuscumbia — William Winston Home
Construction on the home which became the center building of Deshler High School was begun in 1824 by Clark T. Barton. William Winston purchased and completed the Georgian-style dwelling in 1833. The largest remaining antebellum house in Tuscumbia, it features a winding staircase, eight fireplaces, and ten original closets along with an inscription on the cellar wall written during the Union occupation saying: "It is a damn shame to destroy this mansion." Original log kitchen placed at N.W. . . . — Map (db m28565) HM
Alabama (Conecuh County), Burnt Corn — Longmire Stagecoach Stop & First Post Office in Conecuh County
Garrett Longmire had an early trading center, tavern and stage stop near here. He served as the postmaster when his store became a post office in 1818, one of the earliest in what was then the Alabama Territory. The Burnt Corn Post Office served as a distribution point for mail to many early post offices in south Alabama. In December of 1820, Longmire became Justice of the Conecuh County Court. — Map (db m81298) HM
Alabama (Cullman County), Cullman — Evangelical Protestant Church
The first church in the City of Cullman was established on this block of land donated by the North and South Railroad in February 1874. Lots 154, 155, and 181 were granted to Henry Dietz, August Henning, and George Stoback as trustees of the Evangelical Protestant Church for the sole purpose of constructing a church building. Col. John Cullman, land agent, was a charter member of the church. The church building was made into a dwelling house after the congregation moved to a new location, 512 . . . — Map (db m33841) HM
Alabama (Cullman County), Cullman — Sand Mountain Plateau
Thrifty German colonists, led by Col. John G. Cullman, in 1873 settled this thinly populated plateau. This section, previously thought unproductive, became famous for its diversified crops. — Map (db m29976) HM
Alabama (Dallas County), Cahaba — Cahaba First State Capital1818-1826
This stone marks the site of Cahaba, selected November 21, 1818 as the first permanent capital of Alabama. The seat of goverment remaining here until removed to Tuscaloosa by the Legislature, January 1825. On December 13, 1819, it was fixed as the Seat of Justice of Dallas County, and so continued until December 14, 1865. As state capital and as county seat, Cahaba was representative of the best in the life of a Great Commonwealth. Erected by the Alabama Centennial Commission and . . . — Map (db m22609) HM
Alabama (Dallas County), Cahaba — Cahawba's Changing Landscape
In 1818, Alabama's first governor carved the capital city of Cahawba out of the wilderness. In less than 50 years, Cahawba grew from a frontier capital full of log cabins to one of America's wealthiest communities, with some of the finest mansions in the state. Then abruptly, after the Civil War, it was abandoned. Today Cahawba is a ghost town, an important archaeological site, and a place of picturesque ruins. Ironically, in 1818, Cahawba's landscape was also full of ruins—the . . . — Map (db m83508) HM
Alabama (Dallas County), Cahaba — Site of Alabama's Statehouse1820 - 1825
This structure collapsed in 1833 and its fallen remains were reportedly heaped into a railroad embankment. Consequently, we have no picture of the Statehouse that was drawn by someone who actually saw the building. Any modern picture you see of this structure is pure conjecture. We can only hope that archaeologists will uncover important clues to the appearance of Cahawba's Statehouse. — Map (db m75909) HM
Alabama (Dallas County), Selma — Edmund Winston Pettus House Site
Edmund Winston Pettus, lawyer, General C.S.A., U.S. Senator, was born Limestone County, Alabama, 1821. Admitted to bar, 1842. Moved to Cahaba, 1858. Major, C.S.A., 1861. Brigadier General, 1863. U.S. Senator, 1897-1907. Resided here from 1866 until death, 1907. When in Senate, with John T. Morgan, Selma was home of both U.S. Senators from Alabama. — Map (db m38273) HM
Alabama (Dallas County), Selma — Highlights of Selma History / William Rufus DeVane King 1786-1853
[Side A:] Highlights of Selma History Dallas County was created by Territorial Legislature Feb. 9, 1818. Selma Land Company formed Mar. 19, 1819 by George Phillips, William Rufus King, Jesse Beene, Gilbert Shearer and Caleb Tate. Selma incorporated Dec. 4, 1820. LaFayette visited 1825. First newspaper established 1827. Dallas County Male and Female Academy incorporated 1845 - was forerunner of public school system. Selma Arsenal and Confederate Naval Yard established 1862. Battle . . . — Map (db m37679) HM
Alabama (Etowah County), Alabama City — Howard Gardner Nichols 1871-1896Scholar, Engineer, Industrialist, Naturalist, Humanitarian
Nichols came to Alabama City in 1894 to supervise construction of the Dwight Manufacturing Company. While serving as the mill's first agent, he planned and began a model mill village and was elected Mayor of Alabama City. — Map (db m18578) HM
Alabama (Etowah County), Attalla — First United Methodist Church Of Attalla
In 1851 twelve Methodists met in Newton (later Attalla) to plan a Methodist Episcopal Church. A crude log building on North Fifth Street served as the first church. In 1861 and again in 1882 the church relocated on Fifth to accommodate the growing membership. A full-time pastor was added in 1888. In 1896 Attalla was first reported at the North Alabama Methodist Annual Conference. Ground was broken for the present church home in 1903. On May 1, 1904, the congregation assembled for the first Sunday worship in the new sanctuary. — Map (db m83731) HM
Alabama (Etowah County), Gadsden — Dwight Mill Village
Dwight Manufacturing Company of Chicopee, Massachusetts selected this site in Alabama City for a cotton mill in 1894. The Mill and the village covering 240 acres was constructed under the direction of Howard Gardner Nichols. There were 160 New England style cottages in the original construction plan, each home had a distinctive architectural style and color scheme. Later construction brought the total number of homes in the village to 700. This model Village was designed with its own . . . — Map (db m18575) HM
Alabama (Etowah County), Gadsden — Etowah County, Alabama
Created by state legislature on December 1, 1868 from territory taken from Cherokee, DeKalb, Marshall, Blount, St. Clair and Calhoun Counties, having originally been formed December 7, 1866 as Baine County in honor of Confederate hero David W. Baine. Etowah is Cherokee. Area visited by DeSoto in 1541; Andrew Jackson in 1813; Hood’s Army of the Tennessee, CSA, October 1864; center of early steamboat navigation; home of John Wisdom, the “Paul Revere of the South,” 1863; and Emma . . . — Map (db m83735) HM
Alabama (Etowah County), Gadsden — Gadsden, Alabama
Side A: In the early 1840’s, John S. Moragne, along with Gabriel and Joseph Hughes, began surveying for a city on the banks of the Coosa River near the settlement of Double Springs. The new city would be located on 120 acres of land at the present site of the downtown business district. The fledgling town received a boost on July 4, 1845, when the piercing sound of a steamboat’s whistle along the banks of the Coosa River announced the beginning of a new era in Northeast Alabama. The . . . — Map (db m39139) HM
Alabama (Franklin County), Red Bay — Pride in Our Past, Faith in Our Future
Side A Red Bay is nestled in the northwest corner of the state in Franklin County. The oak trees, planted by the Garden Club in 1937, issue a Main Street welcome through the “tunnel of trees.” Originally inhabited by Chickasaw Indians in what was then part of the Mississippi Territory. Red Bay became home to settlers when the Illinois Central Railroad came through the area. Named for the rich red clay and abundance of bay trees, Red Bay officially became incorporated on July . . . — Map (db m41133) HM
Alabama (Hale County), Moundville — Moundville
Site of a prehistoric Native American political and ceremonial center from about A. D. 1100-1500 that, at its height in the 13th century, was America’s largest community north of Mexico. Between 1,000 and 3,000 people lived in this town fortified by a one-mile long wooden wall studded with guard towers. Moundville served as the capital of a powerful chiefdom of about 10,000 people living in smaller villages over a 60-mile stretch of the Black Warrior River Valley from present day Tuscaloosa to . . . — Map (db m30700) HM
Alabama (Jackson County), Stevenson — Crow Town
Side A One of the Five Lower Towns established by the Chickamauga Cherokees in 1782 under the leadership of Dragging Canoe. Territorial Governor William Blount reported to the Secretary of War in 1792 that: “Crow Town lies on the north side of the Tennessee (River), half a mile from the river, up Crow Creek, 30 miles below the Suck. (It) is the lowest town in the Cherokee Nation and contained 30 huts in 1790. The Creeks and Northward tribes cross (the river) here.” All of . . . — Map (db m28473) HM
Alabama (Jackson County), Woodville — Decatur County1821~1825
Created by an Act of the Legislature on December 7, 1821, Decatur County was comprised of portions of Madison and Jackson Counties. "Old Woodville," two miles north along County Highway 7, was designated as the County Seat. An 1823-‘24 completed survey revealed that it did not contain the constitutionally required number of square miles. The county was abolished by an Act of the Legislature on December 28, 1825, and the territory was returned to Madison and Jackson Counties. — Map (db m33314) HM
Alabama (Jefferson County), Birmingham — Belview Heights Neighborhood
The Corey Land Company, a group of prominent local businessmen headed by Robert Jemison, Jr., developed Belview Heights as a neighborhood for the professional employees of U.S. Steel in the 1910's. Extending the grid system being used in Ensley over the topography of the 30 square block area, Jemison created a neighborhood of rolling streets and avenues, occasional steeply pitched lots, and captivating views. In 1915, the city of Birmingham set the architectural tone for Belview Heights when it . . . — Map (db m24351) HM
Alabama (Jefferson County), Birmingham — Brock Drugs Building
The Brock building was established in 1915, located at the intersection of Fourth Avenue and 18th Street North, was built while the area was residential. The three-story building housed a hotel upstairs that catered to professional musicians and athletes. The drug store served as the "gathering place" for black patrons during the early 1920's through the early 1960's. The building was demolished in the 80's. The most notable businesses included:             1928 - 1977 Palm Leaf Hotel   . . . — Map (db m26723) HM
Alabama (Jefferson County), Birmingham — Concord CenterTime Capsule
To Be Opened March 1, 2022 Dedicated at the construction completion March 1, 2002 Project Team Owners - BLH Group, LLC Brookmont Investors II, LLC Spire Holdings, LLC Developer - Brookmont Realty Group, LLC General Contractor - B.L. Harbert International, LLC Architect - Williams-Blackstock Architects, P.C. Concord Center stands on the site of Birmingham's first County Courthouse, constructed in 1875. The growth of a bustling town demanded the construction of a . . . — Map (db m27010) HM
Alabama (Jefferson County), Birmingham — Designing Vulcan Park
Vulcan Park isn’t just Vulcan’s home; it’s also a public park. The original project, funded by the WPA (Works Progress Administration) aimed for “general beautification of the entire acreage” to create” an ideal spot for untold scenic beauty.” The plantings in the park today reflect the original WPA balance between the naturalistic and the formal. — Map (db m69015) HM
Alabama (Jefferson County), Birmingham — East Lake Community
The Creek Indian Cession of 1814 opened this section of Alabama to settlement. At the time of statehood in 1819 many pioneer families had located here in what later became known as Jones Valley. By 1820 the area was called Ruhama Valley as a result of the religious fervor of Hosea Holcomb who preached mercy or "Ruhamah." As early as 1839 a post office named Rockville was established for the local community. Major growth came in 1886 as a result of the promotion of the East Lake Land . . . — Map (db m26680) HM
Alabama (Jefferson County), Birmingham — Eddie James KendrickDecember 17, 1937 - October 5, 1992
Eddie James Kendrick, nicknamed "cornbread", was born the eldest of five children to Johnny and Lee Bell Kendrick in Union Springs, Alabama. After attending Western-Olin High School in Ensley, Alabama, Eddie was persuaded by his childhood friend Paul Williams to move to Detroit, Michigan. It was there they formed a singing group called "The Primes". While in Detroit, the duo met Otis Williams of the music group "The Distants". The two groups merged forming the legendary "Temptations". . . . — Map (db m26724) HM
Alabama (Jefferson County), Birmingham — Five Points South
This neighborhood developed in the 1880s as one of Birmingham's first streetcar suburbs. It was the Town of Highlands from 1887 to 1893, when it became part of the City of Birmingham. The heart of the neighborhood was Five Points Circle, a major streetcar intersection lined with houses and small stores. In the 1920s, the Circle was transformed into one of the state's most distinctive shopping areas, known for its outstanding collection of Spanish Revival and Art Deco buildings. Nearby houses, . . . — Map (db m83829) HM
Alabama (Jefferson County), Birmingham — Foot Soldier TributeRonald S. McDowell, Artist I.B.J.C.
This sculpture is dedicated to the Foot Soldiers of the Birmingham Civil Rights Movement. With gallantry, courage and great bravery they faced the violence of attack dogs, high powered water hoses, and bombings. They were the fodder in the advance against injustice. Warriors of a Just Cause: They represent humanity unshaken in their firm belief in their nation’s commitment to liberty and justice for all. We salute these men and women who were the Soldiers of this Great Cause.     . . . — Map (db m27394) HM
Alabama (Jefferson County), Birmingham — Forest Park
A residential district extending from the crest of Red Mountain to the floor of Jones Valley with roads built along natural land contours. Birmingham real estate promoter and civic leader, Robert Jemison, Jr., began development as Mountain Terrace in 1906. New York landscape architect Samuel Parsons, Jr., conceived the park theme which the Jemison and Birmingham Realty companies extended in the 1910s and 1920s through developments originally known as Forest Park, Glenwood, Valley View, Altamont . . . — Map (db m26983) HM
Alabama (Jefferson County), Birmingham — Fraternal Hotel Building
The Fraternal Hotel Building was built in 1925. Some of the businesses that were located in this building included: 1925 - 1980 Fraternal Hotel 1925 - 1970 Fraternal Café 1950 - 1966 Monroe Steak House 1985 - 1994 Grand Lodge Knights of Pythians 1928 - 1931 Mabry Brothers Department Store 1952 - 1985 Hill Photo Studio 1950 - 1985 Central Barber Shop Famous persons such as: Dr. Martin L. King, Jr., Rev. Jesse Jackson, Jackie Robinson, Monroe Kennedy and many others were . . . — Map (db m27518) HM
Alabama (Jefferson County), Birmingham — Glen Iris Park
Founded in 1898 by Robert Jemison, this 30-acre historic district is a private residential park containing an almost intact collection of some of Birmingham's finest 20th century houses. It was the first professionally landscaped residential community in the city and the first where residents adhered to strictly self-imposed rules and covenants. National Register of Historic Places 8-30-1984. — Map (db m27520) HM
Alabama (Jefferson County), Birmingham — North Birmingham
On October 1, 1886, the North Birmingham Land Company was formed to develop a planned industrial and residential town on 900 acres of land, formerly part of the Alfred Nathaniel Hawkins plantation north of Village Creek. The plan included sites for houses, parks, businesses and manufacturing plants, and a streetcar line to downtown Birmingham. The community was incorporated in 1902 with a population of 5,000, and annexed by legislative act, into the City of Birmingham, under protest, in 1910. . . . — Map (db m26700) HM
Alabama (Jefferson County), Birmingham — Redmont Park Historic District
Extending across the crest of Red Mountain, is the state’s second oldest garden-landscaped residential area. Developed from 1911 to 1935 by Robert Jemison, Jr., Hill Ferguson, and Henry Key Milner using landscape architects C. W. Leavitt of New York City, George H. Miller of Boston, Birmingham landscape architect William H. Kessler and engineer John Glander, the area contains Alabama’s finest collection of residential architecture of that era and includes the state’s best examples of the . . . — Map (db m41129) HM
Alabama (Jefferson County), Birmingham — Rickwood FieldOpening Day: August 18, 1910
Built by Birmingham industrialist A. H. “Rick” Woodward, Rickwood Field served as home to the Birmingham Barons and Birmingham Black Barons for most of the 20th century. Recognized as “America’s Oldest Baseball Park,” Rickwood Field is now home to Birmingham’s high school teams as well as men’s amateur teams and numerous tournaments. Springtime in Birmingham features the Birmingham Barons’ vintage “Rickwood Classic” game each year between the Barons and a . . . — Map (db m83837) HM
Alabama (Jefferson County), Birmingham — Roebuck Spring
In 1850 George James Roebuck and his wife Ann Hawkins Roebuck built a log cabin at the mouth of Roebuck Spring. His Influence and leadership led to the area around it to be known as Roebuck. In 1900 Alabama Boys Industrial School was located adjacent to the spring, and the spring water was used for the school until city water became available. In 1910 George Miller, a leading landscape architect and industrial town planner, developed the first planned golf course and club house close to the . . . — Map (db m26688) HM
Alabama (Jefferson County), Birmingham — Roebuck Springs Historic District
Roebuck Springs was the first large residential suburb in Birmingham where planning and development were tied to the automobile, and the first community in the city associated with a golf course development. The 1910 land plan was designed to complement the steep, rolling topography, reminiscent of narrow country lanes in rural England. The use of local native stones unified the diverse architectural styles - Craftsman, Tudor Revival, and Colonial Revival - and contributed to the natural, . . . — Map (db m26684) HM
Alabama (Jefferson County), Birmingham — Sloss Furnaces
The crossing of railroads in 1872 adjacent to this site gave rise to the industrial city of Birmingham. In 1881 Alabama railroad magnate and entrepreneur James Withers Sloss, capitalizing on the unusual coincidence of coal, iron ore and limestone in the area, founded the Sloss Furnace Company as an iron manufacturer and built blast furnaces beside the railroad crossing. Production of pig iron at Sloss Furnaces began in 1882 and continued for almost 90 years. Early 20th century additions to the . . . — Map (db m23498) HM
Alabama (Jefferson County), Birmingham — Smithfield
Marker Front: This residential area was carved from the Joseph Riley Smith plantation, a 600 acre antebellum farm, one of the largest in 19th century Jefferson County. Smithfield lies to the west of Birmingham's city center on the flat land & hills north of Village Creek & has the city's earliest & most substantial concentration of black, middle-class residences, small commercial enclaves & churches. The neighborhood illustrates the lifestyles of a wide spectrum of black Birmingham . . . — Map (db m26990) HM
Alabama (Jefferson County), Birmingham — The Heaviest Corner On Earth
At the turn of the 20th century, Birmingham was a small town of two and three story buildings with a few church steeples punctuating the skyline. During the industrial boom from 1902 to 1912 which made Birmingham the largest city in the state. Four large buildings were constructed at the intersection of the City's main streets. The Woodward building (now National Bank of Commerce), constructed in 1902 on the Southwest corner, was the City's first steel-frame skyscraper. A good example of the . . . — Map (db m27500) HM
Alabama (Jefferson County), Birmingham — Wilson Chapel And Cemetery("The Little Brown Church in the Wildwood")
Wilson Chapel was built in 1916 as a memorial to James and Frances Wilson by their daughters, Rosa Wilson Eubanks and Minerva Wilson Constantine. At the time of its construction the area was developing into a community of country homes known as Roebuck Springs. Styled after the architecture of English parish churches, the chapel marks and protects the site of one of the oldest cemeteries in Alabama. Frances Wilson's father, Audley Hamilton, was granted this land in 1818 and the cemetery . . . — Map (db m26681) HM
Alabama (Jefferson County), Homewood — “We Love Homewood”
Side A Located in Jefferson County in Shades Valley, Homewood came into existence with the combination of Edgewood, Rosedale, and Oak Grove. Hollywood, a fourth community, joined Homewood later. The City of Homewood was incorporated in 1926, although the community’s roots date to the 19th century. The city is governed by an elected mayor and city council. Citizen volunteers serve on a variety of community boards and commissions. Located within the Homewood city limits are Lakeshore . . . — Map (db m37712) HM
Alabama (Jefferson County), Homewood — Hallman Hill
In the early 1900's, among the many craftsmen who migrated south to build the booming industrial cities was Swedish brick mason A. G. Hallman. Hallman moved from the Lake Michigan area and purchased an acre of farmland along the north side of Oxmoor Road between Park Avenue (now 18th Street) and Center Avenue (now 19th Street). Hallman's brothers began to buy land around his, and before long residents began referring to the area as Hallman's Hill. — Map (db m26986) HM
Alabama (Jefferson County), Homewood — Hollywood / Hollywood Town Hall / Hollywood Country Club
Clyde Nelson, born in Columbiana, Alabama, was only 26 when he began development of the Town of Hollywood in 1926. With a sales force of 75 and the slogan "Out of the smoke zone, into the ozone" his beautiful community soon took shape. Homes were usually designed by local architect George P. Turner in Spanish Mission style as was the rage in Hollywood, California. Many were also of the English Tudor design. Besides homes, Nelson built the magnificent Hollywood Country Club (burned 1984) on . . . — Map (db m27091) HM
Alabama (Jefferson County), Hoover — Founding Of Hoover
The City of Hoover has grown rapidly since its incorporation in 1967 from a small four block area west of this site. A metal shed behind Employers Ins. Co. became the first fire station and “city hall.” A bank, grocery, hardware, drug store and a shopping center were some of the first commercial ventures. — Map (db m28448) HM
Alabama (Jefferson County), Hoover — Lover’s Leap1827 - 1973
The poetic lines inscribed on the boulder below is a replica of those carved in 1827 by Thomas W. Farrar. Thomas W. Farrar was the Founder and first Grand Master of the Masonic Lodge in Alabama 1821-22-24. This historical site donated to the public by Jones W. Schwab in 1935. The work was done and fence provided by Thomas W. Martin and George B. Ward. — Map (db m28490) HM
Alabama (Jefferson County), Hoover — Monte D'OroA Historic Hoover Neighborhood
A neighborhood of 158 homes, Monte D'Oro was established July 23, 1964, which was prior to the incorporation of the City of Hoover. The neighborhood was build by developer William M. "Bill" Humphries. These homes were designed by architect and noted sculptor Cordray Parker. His works are located at area churches, hospitals, gardens and universities. Each home was individually planned and placed on tree lined streets. Inspired by his studies In Italy, the architect named the community "Monte . . . — Map (db m83253) HM
Alabama (Jefferson County), Hoover — Shades Crest Road Historical District
Indian, Wagon Trail, now Shades Crest Road, led to popular chalybeate springs. Summit, now Bluff Park, was a resort known for its view, cool air and healing mineral water. In 1899 school / church was built. In 1909 Bluff Park Hotel, built on land settled by Hale Family, lost to fire in 1925. In 1996 Alabama Register of Landmarks and Heritage. — Map (db m28517) HM
Alabama (Jefferson County), Hoover — The Park Avenue Historical District
51 Structures, 70% residential, built early 20th century to post World War II period. The 1885 sale of Gardner Hale’s land began the housing development. The 33 acre 1924 Independent Presbyterian Church Children’s Fresh Air Farm, 1923 Bluff Park Elementary School were the most significant buildings. Alabama Register of Landmarks / Heritage 1998 — Map (db m28518) HM
Alabama (Jefferson County), Trussville — Cahaba Project"Slagheap Village" — A government project under President Franklin D. Roosevelt
A total of 243 houses and 44 duplex units were constructed from 1936 - 1938 at an overall cost of $2,661,981.26. Cahaba residents rented from the government until 1947, when the houses and duplexes were sold to individuals at prices ranging from $4,400 to $9,000 each. — Map (db m26227) HM
Alabama (Lauderdale County), Florence — "Mountain" Tom ClarkHanged September 4, 1872
The notorious outlaw gang leader who boasted that no one would ever run over Tom Clark lies buried near the center of Tennessee Street where now all who pass by do run over him. In 1872, Clark, who terrorized helpless citizens during the Civil War, confessed to at least nineteen murders, including a child, and was hanged with two companions. Although graves were already dug in a nearby field, outraged townspeople interred Clark beneath Tennessee Street thus bringing his boast to nought. — Map (db m80320) HM
Alabama (Lauderdale County), Florence — 115th Signal BattalionOrganized 1940
At this site where once stood Fort Willingham (Armory) the 115th Signal Battalion was organized December 1, 1940. Originally the 2nd Battalion, 151st Engineers, it was organized a number of times from 1940 to 1959 as its mission was changed to meet the Nation's military requirements. In World War II it was designated as an Engineer Combat Requirement (later Battalion). During the Korean War it was on active duty as the 104th Antiaircraft Artillery Automatic Weapons Battalion. The 115th Signal . . . — Map (db m28562) HM
Alabama (Lauderdale County), Florence — Cherry Street Historic District(early 20th Century)
Placed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1997, this district contains 52 structures, most of which were built after 1900. Cherry Street was laid out in 1818 near the east boundary of Florence. Pulitzer Prize winner Thomas Sigismund Stribling portrayed Cherry Street in his novel, The Store. Angel's Corner, at Cherry and Tuscaloosa Streets was named for the James H. Angel Grocery Store which was established about 1905. This was a popular streetcar stop during the era of the streetcars. — Map (db m28406) HM
Alabama (Lauderdale County), Florence — Downtown Florence Historic District
From the time Florence was established in 1818, a slow but steady growth occurred. In the late 1880s the town's population increased by 500 percent as an industrial boom began. This area became the core of the business district. Most of the structures within this district were constructed between 1880 and 1920. The district was placed on the National Register of Historic Place in 1995. — Map (db m35177) HM
Alabama (Lauderdale County), Florence — Dr. Ethelbert Brinkley NortonCity of Florence Walk of Honor
Dr. E. B. Norton was a member of the U.S. Education Mission sent to Japan after World War II to advise Gen. McArthur on the complete reorganization of the Japanese School System, which is still in place today. — Map (db m29266) HM
Alabama (Lauderdale County), Florence — Gilbert Elementary School
Gilbert School, named in honor of Henry C. Gilbert, school superintendent 1892-1904 and long time member of Board of Education was built in 1920, costing $79,000. The structure was planned by George D. Waller, architect. A relief sculpture portraying a teacher with students, carved by James A. Stoves, was over the front entrance. Henry Grady Richards served as Principal from 1921 to 1964. The original building and 14 classrooms, library, cafeteria, auditorium, and supporting facilities. Later . . . — Map (db m83988) HM
Alabama (Lauderdale County), Florence — John McKinley Associate Justice, U.S. Supreme Court
John McKinley (1780~1852), native of Virginia, prominent attorney, member of Cypress Land Company, built a large three story mansion near this site in 1820's which later burned. McKinley served in Alabama Legislature, U.S. Senate (1826~31); was appointed Associate Justice, United States Supreme Court, by President Van Buren; served 1837~52. Died in Louisville, Ky. — Map (db m28926) HM
Alabama (Lauderdale County), Florence — Prehistoric Mound(Probably Built Between 100 B.C and 400 A.D.)
This is the highest domiciliary mound in the Tennessee Valley. It was probably built between 100 B.C. and 400 A.D. by a prehistoric people of the ancient Woodland Culture. Such mounds served as bases for ceremonial temples or chief's houses. This mound, originally encircled by an earthen wall, contains no burials. It is 43 feet in height. Its base measurements are 310 feet by 230 feet. Its flat top measures 145 feet by 90 feet. Evidence indicates that nearby there were two smaller mounds, villages and cultivated fields. — Map (db m28457) HM
Alabama (Lauderdale County), Florence — Prehistoric Native Americans / Historic Native Americans(Circa 8,000 B.C. ~1500 A.D.) / (Circa 1550 A.D.~ 1816 A.D.)
Side A This area near the mouth of Cypress Creek was inhabited by Archaic People as early as 8,000 B.C. Their main food consisted of freshwater mollusks from the river. (These mussels were the origin of the name "Muscle Shoals.") The Woodland and Copena Cultures, associated with the nearby large Florence Mound, arrived around 2,000 B.C. and remained almost 3,000 years. About 800 A.D. the Mississippian Civilization established villages here and on adjoining islands. Many of the . . . — Map (db m84044) HM
Alabama (Lauderdale County), Florence — The Father of Rock ’N’ Roll / Sam Phillips in Florence
Side A Sam Phillips fell in love with the miracle of sound and the unifying power of music. Moving to Memphis, Tennessee, he embraced the beauty of the blues with his early recordings of Howlin Wolf, B.B. King and other delta artists. In 1951 the maverick producer cut the first “Rock ’N’ Roll” record, “Rocket 88.” Three years later he revolutionized American music with his discovery of the dynamic Elvis Presley. His credo was passionate conviction, originality, . . . — Map (db m29270) HM
Alabama (Lauderdale County), Florence — Veterans Memorial Park
In the late 1960s, Point Park was developed by the City of Florence on this 82-acre site, leased from TVA, for outdoor recreation. It was the first multi-use sport complex in the State of Alabama. In the early 1970s, plans were developed for a Veterans Memorial in the park. The Memorial was built in 1975 and dedicated on Memorial Day of 1977. In April 1983, the name of the park was changed from Point Park to Veterans Memorial Park to honor all Veterans of Lauderdale County who served and died . . . — Map (db m74407) HM
Alabama (Lauderdale County), Florence — Walnut Street Historic District
Walnut Street began as a residential area in the national economic boom of the 1880s and 1890s and continued its development through the 1920s. Industries and businesses grew in Florence, the population of the city increased, and business and professional people built their homes in this typical residential neighborhood. The street remains intact and reflects the changes in architectural styles from 1890s Victorian to the 1920s bungalow. The district was added to the National Register of Historic Places in 1977. — Map (db m84158) HM
Alabama (Lauderdale County), Florence — Wilson Family Cemetery 19th Century / Slave Cemetery 19th Century
Side A In 1818 three Wilson brothers John, Matthew and Samuel, came from Virginia to purchase large farms in this area. The plantations of John and Matthew joined near this cemetery. All three brothers and their families are buried here. Inscriptions on two gravestones tell of a Civil War atrocity when, on April 30, 1865 two local Union guerrilla gangs tortured and murdered John Wilson and his nephew, Matthew Jr. Two others in the house were shot, yet lived to tell the story. The . . . — Map (db m28160) HM
Alabama (Lauderdale County), Florence — Woodrow Wilson Park1818
This park, first designated as a Public Walk, was laid out as part of the original plans of Florence in 1818. On February 20, 1924, the Board of City Commissioners officially changed its name from City Park to Woodrow Wilson Park in honor of the former U.S. President following his death on February 3, 1924. After retiring in 1924 as minister of the Trinity Episcopal Church, the Reverend Cassius Lee Price, and his wife, Mary Emily Savage Price, planned and supervised the landscaping and the planting of the trees in this park. — Map (db m35665) HM
Alabama (Lauderdale County), Killen — Daniel WhiteSettled Here in 1818
Daniel White, native of North Carolina, purchased land here in 1818, a year before Alabama became a state. His home and stagecoach stop, "Wayside Inn" was a large two~ story log house located on the North side of the highway from this site. In 1834 he set aside the original two acres in this burial ground for a church and cemetery. Daniel White and his wife, Margaret, are believed to be buried here. Also buried here is a son, Sherwood White, who operated a grist mill on Second Creek a few miles west of Rogersville. — Map (db m29170) HM
Alabama (Lauderdale County), Killen — Muscle Shoals Canal1836 - 1918
Lock Six, headquarters of Muscle Shoals Canal, was located 1.3 miles south of here. An 1836 attempt to build a bypass canal around the shoals proved unsuccessful. On November 10, 1890 the canal from Rogersville to Florence was successfully completed. The river fell 85 feet in 14 1/2 miles requiring nine locks. Canal was closed in 1918 and later covered by backwaters from Wilson and Wheeler Dams. Jesse James robbed the U.S. Payroll near Lock Six in 1881. — Map (db m28452) HM
Alabama (Lauderdale County), Waterloo — WaterlooSettled 1819~Incorporated 1832
One of Alabama's oldest incorporated towns. Waterloo was an important Tennessee river port during the steamboat era. In low~water season after large boats from Louisville, Cincinnati and other places downriver unloaded here: smaller craft transported goods and passengers upriver to Florence at the foot of the Muscle Shoals. Following a disastrous flood in 1847, the town was moved from its location on the riverbank, now under Pickwick Lake, to present higher ground. Union gunboats shelled it . . . — Map (db m84302) HM
Alabama (Lawrence County), Courtland — Courtland's Early Architecture(circa 1820-1940)
Side A Structures within the Courtland historic district represent over 150 years of changing tastes in building design. Although only a few of Courtland’s earliest buildings survive, the Federal~style architecture of the oldest houses suggest the community’s strong original links with Virginia and other states of the upper South. Typical early residences of frame and brick feature a gable roof with tall chimneys at each end. Sometimes weatherboarding conceals log walls underneath. Many . . . — Map (db m28990) HM
Alabama (Lawrence County), Courtland — Harris-Simpson Home
Side A This circa 1820 house is thought to be one of the oldest houses in Courtland. Occupying a lot platted by the Courtland Land Company in 1818, the house faces North toward what was once the main Tuscumbia Road. Dr. Jack Shackelford (1790-1857) an early settler and legislator, is believed to have lived in this house in the mid 1800s. After a nearby Civil War skirmish, the house served as a military hospital. In 1895 Mrs. Susan Jackson Harris, granddaughter of James Jackson of the . . . — Map (db m84306) HM
Alabama (Lawrence County), Hillsboro — Home of Annie Wheeler
Born July 31, 1868 ~ Died April 10, 1955 Daughter of General Joseph Wheeler Gallantly served her country three times on foreign soil. Volunteer nurse, Santiago, Cuba~1898. Spanish~American War and Manila, P.I. ~1899 during Philippine Insurrection. Red Cross Worker with A.E.F. France, World War I ~1918. Beloved as a humanitarian and benefactor of mankind. — Map (db m29558) HM
Alabama (Lawrence County), Oakville — Historic Indians
Five Historic Indian tribes lived in this area. By 1701, The Yuchi were living at the shoals on the Tennessee River. In early 1700s the Yuchi left, some moving to the Cherokee Nation on the Hiwassee River, TN and others to Chattahoochee River, GA. After a dispute with the Cherokee, some Yuchi moved south to the AL - GA border. Although some Creeks lived in the area by the late 1700s, their lands lay south of the Tennessee Divide. The treaty of Fort Jackson took Creek lands in southern Lawrence . . . — Map (db m36040) HM
Alabama (Lawrence County), Town Creek — Trail of Tears
Form the late 1700's to 1807 a Cherokee Chief named Doublehead guarded this area, that was claimed by both the Cherokee and Chickasaw Nations as sacred hunting grounds against encroachment of white settlers. Chief Doublehead had the reputation of eating flesh from his victims and was a fierce warrior. Greed for land by the states and encroachment of the early European settlers led to dissention between the Native Americans and U.S. Government. This led to President Andrew Jackson's the Indian . . . — Map (db m84646) HM
Alabama (Lee County), Auburn — The Bottle
Built in 1924 and billed as the "the world's largest bottle", The Bottle (also know as the "Twist Inn") was built by John F. Williams, owner of the Nehi Bottling Company in Opelika, Alabama. A wooden replica of a bright orange Nehi soda bottle, it stood 64 feet tall and measured 49 feet in diameter at the base and 16 feet at the cap. The ground floor was a grocery store and service station and the second and third floors were living quarters and storage. the neck of The Bottle had windows for . . . — Map (db m85167) HM
Alabama (Lee County), Auburn — Toomers Corner And The Bank Of Auburn
This famous intersection, now known as Toomers Corner was named for businessman and State Senator Sheldon Toomer who founded the Bank of Auburn here in 1907. He served 45 years as bank President and 25 years on the Auburn City Council. Toomers Corner is adjacent to Auburn University’s historic Main Gate and a tradition to generations of Auburn University students who gather to celebrate the “Auburn Spirit”. The Bank of Auburn building constructed in 1906 features a limestone base . . . — Map (db m39813) HM
Alabama (Limestone County), Mooresville — MooresvilleIncorporated in 1818
Post office contains original call boxes Old tavern, 1817 used as stagecoach stop Red Brick Methodist church 1817 U.S. Gen. James A Garfield was stationed here 1862 White frame church is more than a century old Andrew Johnson was apprenticed tailor here Neoclassic architecture — Map (db m28154) HM
Alabama (Madison County), Huntsville — Alabama’s Constitution And Statehood
Before statehood, the Alabama Territory had only limited rights of self government. Between July 5 and August 2, 1819, forty-four delegates from across the Territory convened in Huntsville to draft a constitution for statehood. Lawyers, merchants, ministers, planters, farmers, and physicians gathered here to produce a legal framework for self-government to protect the sovereignty of the people. A firm belief in the separation of powers among the legislative, executive, and judicial branches led . . . — Map (db m26592) HM
Alabama (Madison County), Huntsville — Andrew Jackson
On this spot, camped his army, October 11, 1813, after marching from Fayetteville, Tenn.,~"32 miles without halting,"~ enroute to the Battle of Horseshoe Bend. — Map (db m30382) HM
Alabama (Madison County), Huntsville — Huntsville
City was scene of these "firsts" in Alabama: 1811 first town incorporated 1812 first Masonic Lodge chartered 1816 first bank incorporated 1819 first state constitution drafted 1819 first Governor inaugurated 1819 first session of state legislature held 1824 first cotton mill erected. — Map (db m27843) HM
Alabama (Madison County), Huntsville — John Hunt
For whom Huntsville was named lived in a cabin near this spring about the year 1805. — Map (db m27847) HM
Alabama (Madison County), Huntsville — Northern Terminus Indian Creek CanalFirst Canal in Alabama
Incorporated 1820 Completed 1831 This canal was constructed to the Tennessee River to facilitate the transportation of cotton to market. Developers were: Thomas Fearn, LeRoy Pope, Stephen S. Ewing, Henry Cook, and Samuel Hazard. — Map (db m27844) HM
Alabama (Madison County), Huntsville — Old Town Historic District
Designated by the City of Huntsville, Alabama on December 12, 1974 as a Huntsville historic district, it contains houses dating from 1828 onward with the majority dating from 1880 to 1929. Approximate boundaries: East Clinton Avenue north to Walker Avenue; Lincoln Street east to Andrew Jackson Way. Listed on the National Register of Historic places, July 18, 1978 — Map (db m30381) HM
Alabama (Madison County), Huntsville — Site The Huntsville InnA three-story brick building erected before 1817
Here, President James Monroe was honored at a public dinner on June 2, 1819, while on a three-day visit to the Alabama Territory. Here, also, the First Alabama Legislature convened on October 25, 1819, while Huntsville was the first Capital. — Map (db m27851) HM
Alabama (Madison County), Madison — City of Madison
Establish in 1856 as a shipping station on the Memphis and Charleston R.R., the town was platted on land owned by James Clemens and incorporated by vote of its citizens in 1869. First officials included William R. Johnston, mayor, and five aldermen, William B. Dunn, first depot agent; Thomas J. Clay, first postmaster; George W. Martin, first merchant; James H. Bibb, planter and Dr. George R. Sullivan. The community remained small until the growth of industries associated with Redstone . . . — Map (db m61625) HM
Alabama (Madison County), New Market — Buckhorn Tavern
(Front): Located in Section 18, Township 2, Range 2 East, this site was an early wayside stop for pioneer settlers as they traveled the road from Winchester, Tennessee into Madison County. The tavern predates the creation of the county, Dec. 13, 1808. During the Creek Indian War (1813-1814), the Deposit Road was created at this point and stretched southeastward through Cherokee lands to Fort Deposit near Gunter's Landing. This became the supply route for General Andrew Jackson's . . . — Map (db m85840) HM
Alabama (Madison County), Riverton — Site of Bell Factory
Mile and one-half southeast on Flint River ---------> Earliest important textile mill in Alabama Incorporated by Patton Donegan Company in 1832 3,000 spindles and 100 looms operated by skilled slave labor. In production as late as 1885. Name derived from "bell" used to signal workers — Map (db m31722) HM
Alabama (Marengo County), Demopolis — The Demopolis Theater District
Side A Establishing a history of theaters in this district, the Braswell Theater introduced its ornate interior to Demopolis on October 23, 1902, with a performance of the melodrama Unorna. Built by Frederick Henry Braswell in galleries above his hardware store on Strawberry Avenue, the theater provided a local stage for operas, plays and minstrel shows into the 1920s. A popular silent screen star from Alabama, Henry B. Walthall, appeared live in the drama Taken In at . . . — Map (db m85845) HM
Alabama (Marshall County), Grant — Kate Duncan Smith - Daughters of the American Revolution School
(Side A) In 1924, the Alabama Society of the Daughters of the American Revolution (DAR) established Kate Duncan Smith School to provide a patriotic education dedicated to academic achievement and service to "God, Home, and Country" for the people of Gunter Mountain. The National Society of the Daughters of the American Revolution (NSDAR) designated the school as a nationally recognized DAR school in 1928. Now a collaborative effort between the DAR, the Marshall County Board of . . . — Map (db m33308) HM
Alabama (Marshall County), Guntersville — History of Guntersville
(Side A) This area's proximity to the Tennessee River and Indian trails made it a crossroads for early habitation, settlement, and trade. Archaeological studies reveal it was first inhabited about 12,000 years ago by Paleo-Indians. They were followed by various tribes of Native Americans. The Cherokees arrived in the late 1700s and called the area Kusa-Nunnahi, meaning Creek Path. In 1785, John Gunter became the first white man to settle here. He married the daughter of the local . . . — Map (db m33305) HM
Alabama (Marshall County), Guntersville — John Gunter
Buried near here in 1835 John Gunter Founder of Guntersville. He and his wife Catherine, daughter of a Cherokee Indian chief, were the great-grandparents of Will Rogers beloved American humorist. — Map (db m33306) HM
Alabama (Mobile County), Mobile — Portier HouseCirca 1833
Title to this land, part of a Spanish grant and formerly a burial ground, was clarified by the American State Papers in 1828. Michael Portier, Mobile's first Bishop, made this his home from 1834 until his death in 1859. Four subsequent bishops of Mobile resided here until 1906. Abram J. Ryan, poet priest of the South, occupied the northwest corner room of second floor from 1870 until 1877. Residence was restored by Catholic Diocese of Mobile in 1958. In 1970 it was placed on the National Register of Historic Places. — Map (db m86344) HM
Alabama (Montgomery County), Montgomery — Camp Sheridan
From Division Headquarters, located at this point from August 1917 to May 1918, was directed the training of the Thirty Seventh Division, National Guard Troops of Ohio, for Service in the World War. The Relief map below indicates the locations of the various units of the Division while in Camp Sheridan. Index To Map 1• HDQRS. 37th. Div. 2• TN. HDQRS. & M.P. 3• 112th FLD. SIG. BN. 4• 112th. SAN. TN. A• 145th. INF. B• 146th. INF. C• 134th. M.G. BN. D• 135th. M.G. . . . — Map (db m38899) HM
Alabama (Montgomery County), Montgomery — Court Square Fountain1885
Placed by the City over Artesian Basin and crowned by Hebe, Goddess of Youth and Cup-bearer to the Gods. Fountain was cast by J.L. Mott Iron Works of New York. Restored by Robinson Iron of Alexander City in 1984 during the administration of Mayor Emory Folmar. — Map (db m36501) HM
Alabama (Montgomery County), Montgomery — High Red Bluff(Chunnanugga Chatty in Creek Indian Language)
Also called Hostile Bluff or Thirteen Mile Bluff, this spot located in a deep bend of the Alabama River was once the key to the Southeast and a strategic point in Colonial days. The first steamboat , the Harriet, arrived at this point in 1821, and the first railroad came in 1880, making Montgomery a transportation hub for people and commerce. When cotton was king, millions of bales were shipped from the wharf here by steam boat to Mobile and thence to the mills of England. The tunnel under the . . . — Map (db m38574) HM
Alabama (Montgomery County), Montgomery — Rosa Parks Montgomery Bus Boycott / Hank Williams Alabama Troubadour
Side A At the bus stop on this site on December 1, 1955, Mrs. Rosa Parks refused to give up her seat to boarding whites. This brought about her arrest, conviction, and fine. The Boycott began December 5, the day of Parks’ trial, as a protest by African - Americans for unequal treatment they received on the bus line. Refusing to ride the buses, they maintained the Boycott until the U. S. Supreme Court ordered integration of public transportation one year later. Dr. Martin Luther . . . — Map (db m28176) HM
Alabama (Montgomery County), Montgomery — Swayne College / Booker T. Washington School
Side A Named for Union General and Freemen’s Bureau Agent Wager Swayne, Swayne College was dedicated 21 April 1869. The Bureau appropriated $10,000 for the building and the local black community purchased 3.5 acres for the site. Future officeholder Elijah Cook submitted the winning location of Union and Grove Streets. The building stood three stories high and was constructed by Henry Duncan with ventilation by Isaac Frazier. George Stanley Pope became the first principal of the school . . . — Map (db m28171) HM
Alabama (Montgomery County), Waugh — Lucas TavernCirca 1818
Stood 2800 feet north of this point, just west of Line Creek on the Federal Road. Moved to Montgomery in 1978 to serve as the Visitor and Information Center for the Old North Hull Historic District, it is the oldest remaining building in Montgomery County. Original proprietor, James Abercrombie, ran it from about 1818. Walter B. Lucas announced his take over of the tavern in the January 6, 1821 issue of the Montgomery Republican. A four-room frame building with a long central hall, the . . . — Map (db m60906) HM
Alabama (Morgan County), Decatur — Ingalls Shipyard
Ingalls Iron Works was established in 1910, by Robert Ingalls,in Titusville Alabama. It became the largest steel company in the region. Looking for new opportunities for the steel company fabricated, Ingalls opened Ingalls Shipyard in 1937 to build dredges, tugboats, and barges for coastal and river service. Ingalls Shipyard produced a variety of watercraft for government, including "Liberty" boats, vital for transatlantic supply routes. As World War II approached, the yard's small size forced . . . — Map (db m66398)
Alabama (Morgan County), Decatur — Site of Benson FieldDecatur’s Football Stadium 1931 - 47
Named in honor of W. W. “Barney” Benson, Supt. Ed. 1927 - 38 H. L. “Shorty” Ogle, Coach 1934 - 64 Aubrey Fuller, Asst. Coach 1929 - 58 The “T” formation was introduced to Alabama here in 1941 On this field a generation of Decatur’s youth became men. — Map (db m28268) HM
Alabama (Morgan County), Hartselle — City of Hartselle, Alabama / Hartselle Facts
City of Hartselle Hartselle, named after early pioneer George Hartsell (with no "e") rose from modest beginnings to an important position in the growing economy of Mogran County. Founded in 1870, the town owes its existence to the construction of the North and South Alabama Railroad (later the L&N), which began construction through the area in 1869 in an effort to connect the mineral rich areas in the southern part of the state with major shipping areas in north Alabama. Originally a mile . . . — Map (db m37205) HM
Alabama (Saint Clair County), Ashville — A County Older Than The State, St. Clair CountyCreated in 1818 in first session of Alabama Territorial Legislature
from lands ceded by Creek Indian Nation in Treaty of Ft. Jackson, 1814. Named for Gen. Arthur St. Clair, hero of Revolution, governor of Northwest Territory. First settlers from Tennessee, Georgia - veterans of Creek Indian War, 1813-14. County seat since 1822 here at Ashville, named for John Ash, prominent settler. Growing population south of Backbone Mt. led to Pell City branch county seat, 1902. — Map (db m28143) HM
Alabama (Shelby County), Montevallo — University Of Montevallo National Historic District
Originally named Alabama Girl’s Industrial School and later Alabama College, this institution was founded Oct. 12, 1896, by the Alabama Legislature. It was the state college for women until 1956, when it became coeducational. In 1969 the name was changed to the University of Montevallo. In Dec., 1978, the central portion of the campus was listed in the National Register of Historic Places. The oldest buildings are King House (1823) and Reynolds Hall (1851) — Map (db m37289) HM
Alabama (Shelby County), Montevallo — Welcome To Historic Montevallo
Home of the University of Montevallo, American Village and the Alabama Veterans Cemetery, Montevallo is located in the geographical center of Alabama at 33° 6’ 18” N 86° 51’ 46” W. In 1814, Jesse Wilson laid claim to “Wilson’s Hill” located above Shoal Creek, making it the oldest settlement in Shelby County, Alabama. In 1817, after General Andrew Jackson defeated the Creek Indians on the Coosa River, homesteaders like Wilson and his family and friends settled in the . . . — Map (db m37178) HM
Alabama (Shelby County), Pelham — Shelbyville, A. T.
Near this site stood Shelbyville, A. T., first county seat of Shelby County; named for Isaac Shelby, governor of Tennessee. Shelby County was established February 7, 1818 by an act of the Alabama Territorial legislature. The first orphans’ court was held April 4, 1818. Justices were: George Phillips, Patrick Hays, Bennet Ware, Needham Lee and James Walker. — Map (db m28441) HM
Alabama (Talladega County), Lincoln — Lincoln, Alabama
(Side A) Historical records indicate that DeSoto and his men, as they traveled the South in search of gold, were the first white men to see the Lincoln area. With the ceding of the Creek Indian Territory in 1837, the population of the area increased. The community was known as Kingsville until 1856 when the name was changed to Lincoln. the name Lincoln came from Revolutionary War General Benjamin Lincoln who accepted the sword of surrender from the British at Yorktown, Virginia in . . . — Map (db m33282) HM
Alabama (Talladega County), Talladega — Talladega Courthouse Square Historic District
The City of Talladega was incorporated in 1835. Not long after the founding of Talladega, the Square became the town center. The Talladega Courthouse was built in 1836 and is the oldest courthouse in continuous use in Alabama. The courthouse survived a tornado on May 11, 1912 that destroyed the clock tower, and a fire on March 13, 1925 that severely damaged the structure. Following the fire, Chattanooga architect R. H. Hunt was hired to redesign the building. When it was rebuilt, the east and . . . — Map (db m37229) HM
Alabama (Tallapoosa County), Dadeville — Grafenberg Medical Institute1852 - 1861
Alabama’s first medical school. Trained physicians who rendered great service to the State and Confederacy. Closed by war and death of its founder, Philip M. Shepard, M.D. — Map (db m28741) HM
Alabama (Tuscaloosa County), McCalla — Tannehill Furnace And Foundry(1829-1865)
2 ½ miles East - the beginning of Steel Industry in this area. Iron Ore, reduced by charcoal, hauled by oxcart, was made into plows, pots, cannon and munitions. State Park- Camping, Nature Trails, Swimming and Fishing Early American Restorations. — Map (db m36927) HM
Alabama (Tuscaloosa County), Tuscaloosa — Alabama Central Female College
After the seat of government was moved to Montgomery in 1847, the Tuscaloosa Capitol and its furnishings were deeded to the University of Alabama to be used for educational purposes. In 1857, the University Board of Trustees leased the building for ninety-nine years to the newly formed Baptist affiliated Alabama Central Female College. At this time, a large brick four story dormitory was constructed at the west of the building. On August 22, 1923, the historic building was totally . . . — Map (db m29064) HM
Alabama (Tuscaloosa County), Tuscaloosa — Site of Queen City Park Softball Field1936-1967
Built on this site in 1936, Queen City Park Softball Field served as the cornerstone for the first successful community effort to promote the organized play of amateur softball in Tuscaloosa County. Its construction followed nationwide efforts to organize softball in 1933. Soon thereafter, Tuscaloosa men's and women's softball teams emerged as state and national powers, and the sport itself gained recognition as true wholesome family recreation. — Map (db m28788) HM
Alabama (Tuscaloosa County), Tuscaloosa — The Architect
The Capitol in Tuscaloosa was designed by English-born architect, William Nichols, who served as State Architect from 1826 - 1832. Nichols also designed and built the campus of The University of Alabama. Before coming to Alabama he had remodeled the North Carolina Capitol and Governor's Palace in Raleigh. He also designed and built several structures at The University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. After leaving Alabama, Nichols served as assistant state engineer for Louisiana where . . . — Map (db m29117) HM
Alabama (Tuscaloosa County), Tuscaloosa — Tuscaloosa Second State Capital1826-1846
This stone commemorates the City of Tuscaloosa as the second state capital, January 1826 to January 1846. Erected by the Alabama Centennial Commission and the Citizens of Tuscaloosa, and dedicated December 14, 1919. On the occasion of the one hundredth anniversary of Alabama's admission to the Union of States. — Map (db m28996) HM
Alabama (Walker County), Jasper — First United Methodist Church Jasper/President Franklin Delano RooseveltAttends Funeral of William Brockman Bankhead — Speaker of the U.S. House of Representatives
Side 1 Methodism came to Jasper with the city's founder, Dr. Edward Gordon Musgrove, who donated land for the courthouse and for most of downtown Jasper. In 1826, he and others constructed a building of large hewn logs that was used as both a Methodist church and a school. Around 1858, a two-story frame church building was constructed. Unsubstantiated local accounts state the church was burned to the ground in March of 1865 by General James H. Wilson's cavalry corps. Another frame . . . — Map (db m29981) HM
Alabama (Walker County), Jasper — William Brockman Bankhead Home1874-1940 — Speaker of the United States House of Representatives
William Brockman Bankhead served Alabama in the U.S. Congress from 1917 until 1940. For the last four years of his life, during Franklin D. Roosevelt's presidency, he served as the 47th Speaker of the House. He was the son of U.S. Senator John Hollis Bankhead, and the brother of U.S. Senator John Hollis Bankhead, Jr. An 1893 graduate of the University of Alabama, where he played fullback on the school's first football team. Bankhead earned his law degree from Georgetown University. He was . . . — Map (db m29980) HM
Alaska (Fairbanks North Star Borough), Fox — Pipeline History
On November 16, 1973, through Presidential approval of pipeline legilation, Alyeska Pipeline Service Company received permission to begin construction of the 800-mile trans Alaska pipeline, its pump stations and the Marine Terminal at Valdez. The 360-mile road from the Yukon River to Prudhoe Bay was built, and construction of the Valdez Terminal was begun in 1974.At the same time, work started on pump stations and the pipeline work pad. The lengths of pipe were placed under the . . . — Map (db m20215) HM
Alaska (Fairbanks North Star Borough), North Pole — "The North Pole"
This pole is one of two poles manufactured in 1951 as part of a campaign to properly mark the top of the Earth. After a grand tour of the United States, its twin was pushed out of the tail hatch of an Alaska Airlines DC-4 over the geographic North Pole on the arctic night of December 11th. After being rediscovered in 1972 (in an old junkyard), this pole has been prominently displayed in its current location since the dedication of the park on July 4th, 1976, by the North Pole Jaycees. — Map (db m58912) HM
Alaska (Fairbanks North Star Borough), Wiseman — Welcome to Coldfoot Camp
This Sign Greeted New Arrivals As They Arrived At The Pipeline Construction Camp Located One Mile West Of Here. We Salvaged This Sign When The Camp Was Being Dismantled. You are about 55 miles north of the Arctic Circle on the East Bank of the Middle Fork Koyukuk River at the mouth of Slate Creek, which drains to the east. —> ——— <— This is the site of the former gold mining community of Coldfoot, which was built here at the turn of the century. . . . — Map (db m49597) HM
Alaska (Sitka Borough), Sitka — 250th Anniversary of the Bering- Chirikov Expedition1741-1991
[Top rim]: К 250 летию экспедиции В. И. Беринга и А.И. Чирикова Commemorating the 250th Anniversary of the Bering-Chirikov Expedition (English version on left): May the wheel of change forever turn with peace, justice and opportunity (Russian . . . — Map (db m8448) HM
Alaska (Skagway Borough), Skagway — Skagway and White Pass
has been designated a Registered National Historic Landmark Under the provisions of the Historic Sites Act of August 24, 1935, this site possesses exceptional value in commemorating and illustrating the history of the United States — Map (db m72791) HM
Alaska (Southeast Fairbanks Borough), Tok — Taylor Highway
The Taylor Highway leads through some of the earliest and richest gold mining country in Alaska to the City of Eagle on the Yukon River. Gold was discovered by Franklin in 1886 and the old town of Forty Mile was located on the Yukon River at the mouth of the Forty Mile River. A river boat trip from Eagle will take you to this historic town. The Chicken Creek area was also a rich gold mining area at about the same time. Wade Creek was another rich area and the remains of an old dredge still . . . — Map (db m49596) HM
Arizona (Apache County), Eagar — 8 — 26 Bar Hereford Ranch
Once owned & often visited by film legend John Wayne, the ranch with the prominent white show barn came to fame in the 1940's as the Milky Way Hereford Ranch, owned by the Mars Candy Family. — Map (db m36611) HM
Arizona (Apache County), Eagar — 7 — Colter Ranch
Below among the large cottonwood trees are the historic hdqtrs of Fred T. Colter's Cross Bar Ranch. Originally homesteaded in 1881 by Texan Micajah Phelps, Colter built the ranch into one of the largest cattle operations in Northeastern AZ. — Map (db m36609) HM
Arizona (Apache County), Springerville — 1 — Escudilla Mountain
Due south rises the 3rd tallest peak in AZ, revered by conservationist, Aldo Leopold Escudilla was home to Ike Clanton of OK Corral fame & Arizona's last grizzly bear. In fall, the north slope is golden with Aspen covering the 23,000 acre fire of '51. To your right, "Valle Redondo" nestles against the mountains. — Map (db m36592) HM
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