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“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
 
 

Asian Americans Historical Markers

 
Bust of Dr. José P. Rizal, the martyred father of Philippine independence, in Juneau's Manila Square image, Click for more information
By Richard E. Miller, September 16, 2013
Bust of Dr. José P. Rizal, the martyred father of Philippine independence, in Juneau's Manila Square
British Columbia (Capital Regional District), Oak Bay — Chinese CemeteryLe Cimetière Chinois
This place, chosen by the Chinese Consolidated Benevolent Association in 1903 for its harmonized elements of Nature expressing the principles of "feng shui", is a significant legacy of the first Canadians of Chinese origin. Traditionally it was a . . . — Map (db m72874) HM
British Columbia (Capital Regional District), Victoria — Chinese Cemetery
Before 1903 the remains of early Chinese immigrants were buried in the low-lying, southwestern corner of Ross Bay cemetery. This area was often flooded after a heavy rainstorm. In the early 1900s, high winds and waves eroded a few waterfront . . . — Map (db m75449) HM
British Columbia (Capital Regional District), Victoria — Chinese General Store
For many years the building on the near left side of this photograph (where you are standing) was a Chinese general store. It was taken down in the early 1960s to enlarge the intersection. You can see a streetcar on Johnson Street crossing . . . — Map (db m49154) HM
British Columbia (Capital Regional District), Victoria — Dragon Alley
During this district’s boom of 1881 – 1884, sixteen thousand Chinese established themselves within this area of Victoria. Thus emerged six blocks of businesses, theatres, a hospital, schools, churches, temples, opium factories, gambling dens . . . — Map (db m49155) HM
British Columbia (Capital Regional District), Victoria — Japanese Internment
On April 22, 1942, 273 men, women and children of Japanese ancestry were exiled from their homes in the Greater Victoria area. None of the survivors of this event ever returned to Victoria to re-establish a home. On August 4, 1992, 67 survivors . . . — Map (db m49127) HM
British Columbia (Capital Regional District), Victoria — Lee Mong Kow
[Chinese, not transcribed] [English] Lee Mong Kow (1863-1924) was born in Panyu County, Guangdong Province, China. As an interpreter in the Canadian Customs House and Immigration Office he helped facilitate communication between Chinese and . . . — Map (db m49157) HM
British Columbia (Capital Regional District), Victoria — Victoria’s ChinatownLe Quartier Chinois de Victoria — 域 多 利 唐 人 街
[English] This district, first settled in 1858, is the oldest and most intact Chinatown in Canada, representing an important chapter in the long history and heritage of Chinese Canadians. As the major immigrant port of entry on the west coast in . . . — Map (db m52980) HM
British Columbia (Cariboo Regional District), Barkerville — Chee Kung Tong Building
This rare example of a 19th century Chinese benevolent society hall conformed to a Chee Kung Tong tradition that placed services to members on the ground floor and formal functions above. With its hostel, kitchen, and meeting and ceremonial spaces, . . . — Map (db m42533) HM
British Columbia (Greater Vancouver Regional District), Vancouver — Chinese Freemasons BuildingCity of Vancouver Heritage Building — Architect: Samuel Buttrey Birds (1913)
The Chi Kung Tong, later the Chinese Freemasons, purchased this building in 1907. It included meeting rooms, a male dormitory and a Chinese school - uses common to Chinese Society Buildings. The Chi Kung Tong assisted early immigrants from China who . . . — Map (db m53798) HM
Alaska (Juneau Borough), Juneau — Manila Square
Panel 1: The City and Borough of Juneau Assembly Honors the Contributions of Filipinos in Juneau by naming this downtown location MANILA SQUARE Juneau Assembly Members: Dale Anderson - Don Etheridge, Jr. - Jeannie Johnson - Ken . . . — Map (db m68849) HM
Arizona (La Paz County), Parker — Poston Memorial Monument
[ The single 30 foot concrete pillar of the monument symbolizes "unity of spirit". The hexagonal base represents a Japanese stone lantern. The 12 small pillars situated around the monument make it a working sundial. Mounted on the 30 foot pillar . . . — Map (db m32258) HM
California (Alameda County), Oakland — 442nd Regimental Combat Team Memorial
Dedicated on August 7, 1992, by E Company Veterans of the 442nd Regimental Combat Team, the most decorated United States Army Unit of World War II. The all volunteer 442nd Combat Team was composed of Americans of Japanese ancestry, from the . . . — Map (db m64182) HM WM
California (Alameda County), Oakland — Asian Resource Center
1922 A neo-gothic Code Machine Factory never realized On the top floor Women of Chinatown sewed parachutes for WWII — Map (db m72763) HM
California (Alameda County), Oakland — Oakland’s ChinatownsWa Sung Community Service Club
This marker is made up of two markers and two plaques on the same monument. One Community, Many Locations Chinese first settled in Oakland in the 18502 during the California Gold Rush. Unlike San Francisco’s Chinatown, Oakland’s . . . — Map (db m72762) HM
California (Alameda County), Piedmont — The Japanese TeahouseCultural Connection Since 1907
Look carefully. Comparing today’s Japanese Tea House with early pictures, you will notice many differences. The first tea house in Piedmont Park was built by Frank C. Havens and opened on June 30, 1907. It was a replica of the late-fifteenth century . . . — Map (db m72318) HM
California (Alameda County), San Leandro — Lake Chabot Historical WalkWelcome time travelers!
In February 1874 a large Chinese work force entered this woodland setting to begin construction of San Leandro Reservoir. Later renamed Lake Chabot after its French-Canadian originator Anthony Chabot, the dam was built using techniques Chabot . . . — Map (db m71648) HM
California (Alameda County), San Leandro — Memorial to the Chinese LaborersLake Chabot Historical Walk
The Alameda County Historical Society dedicates this panel to: Ah Bing – 41, Kim Yuen – 29, Toy Sing – 31, and Lock Sing – 33, who died outside this tunnel. This panel is also dedicated to the countless unnamed and . . . — Map (db m71651) HM
California (Alameda County), San Leandro — Roots From Another LandLake Chabot Historical Walk
Many of the trees surrounding you have foreign roots, each with its own tale. In 1868 the Hayward Journal described Chabot’s plans to encircle the reservoir with “walnut, hickory nuts, butternuts, and other eastern and foreign nut . . . — Map (db m71650) HM
California (Alameda County), San Leandro — Yem-Po: Chinese Labor CampLake Chabot Historical Walk
In 1979 a renovation of Chabot dam unearthed a century-old Chinese encampment buried in the creek embankment below. California State University Hayward (now called California State University, East Bay) was contracted and students excavated over . . . — Map (db m71711) HM
California (Amador County), Fiddletown — Chew Kee Store
Rammed Earth "Adobe" Built 1850 Home-Office-Store of Dr. Yee, Chinese Herb Doctor — Map (db m42483) HM
California (Amador County), Ione — Ione's Chinatown
Looking North from this monument lies 5.22 acres which was originally deeded to Ky Kee, Hop Wah Chung, Quong On Long and Chang Hang Co. in 1883. Known as Chinatown, the community was comprised of stores, homes and a Joss House. At the peak of . . . — Map (db m42397) HM
California (Butte County), Oroville — Oroville Chinese Cemetery1850 -1944
This cemetery was established in 1850 during the Gold Rush days to serve the Chinese communities of Lava Beds, Bagdad, Bidwell Bar and Ophir City (now Oroville). The last burial here was in 1944. — Map (db m61494) HM
California (Calaveras County), Angels Camp — Chinatown
This building, once owned by Sam Choy, is the only building remaining from a large Chinese settlement here in early Gold Rush days. Now owned by the City of Angels Camp. — Map (db m31889) HM
California (Colusa County), Colusa — Old Chinatown District--Circa 1890
In the 1850s, Chinese came to California, a land they called Gum Shan, meaning Mountain of Gold, for the same reason as other nationalities: to seek their fortune. As the placer gold played out, Chinese took jobs building railroads, dams, levees, . . . — Map (db m54986) HM
California (Contra Costa County), El Cerrito — Japanese Nurseries
In the early 1900s, Japanese immigrants planted the seeds of a remarkable nursery community in El Cerrito and Richmond. These nurseries were located mostly west of San Pablo Avenue and north of Portrero Avenue. After interment during World War II, . . . — Map (db m94249) HM
California (Contra Costa County), Martinez — Martinez Train DepotDedicated September 22, 2001
The City of Martinez has been the home of a train station along the waterfront for 125 years. The first station (approximately 200 yards to the east of this site) was erected in 1876 and closed in 2001 when this station was opened. More than . . . — Map (db m93542) HM
California (El Dorado County), Gold Hill — 815 — Wakamatsu Tea and Silk Farm Colony
Site of the only tea and silk farm established in California. First agricultural settlement of pioneer Japanese immigrants who arrived at Gold Hill on June 8, 1869. Despite the initial success, it failed to prosper. It marked the beginning of . . . — Map (db m76181) HM
California (El Dorado County), Placerville — "Stone House"Circa 1865
The last remaining building of the Gold Rush era Chinese community in Old Hangtown Stone House is famous for its historical significance as an old Chinese brothel Restored by John R. Berry – Attorney at Law Architectural . . . — Map (db m36815) HM
California (Fresno County), Coalinga — Harry S. Watanabe(1896 – 1987)
Harry Watanabe was 19 years old when he came to Coalinga from Japan in 1915. Watanabe first worked at Ayers Drug Store and the Sullivan Hotel. It was in 1928 that Watanabe found his niche in life and the vocation that left his mark on Coalinga. . . . — Map (db m64107) HM
California (Fresno County), Fresno — China Alley街人唐
In 1874 600 people moved to what is now Fresno. Of those, 200 were Chinese, who made the brick and helped start the building of Fresno. A short time later, they were persuaded to settle west of the train tracks. They built an area of shops, which . . . — Map (db m52981) HM
California (Fresno County), Fresno — 934 — Fresno Assembly Center
This memorial is dedicated to over 5,000 Americans of Japanese ancestry who were confined at the Fresno Fairgrounds from May to October 1942. This was an early phase of the mass incarceration of over 120,000 Japanese Americans during World War II . . . — Map (db m51570) HM
California (Inyo County), Independence — A Community's Living RoomManzanar National Historic Site
This auditorium is one of three original buildings remaining here from Manzanar War Relocation Center. As you walk closer, listen for laughter, tears , music—the sounds of celebration and sadness that once echoed through this building’s . . . — Map (db m70532) HM
California (Inyo County), Independence — LegacyManzanar National Historic Site
Over the years, this monument has become an icon, inspiring a grass-roots movement to preserve Manzanar and remember the sacrifices of 120,313 Japanese Americans confined by their own government. Map (db m70549) HM
California (Inyo County), Independence — Sacred SpaceManzanar National Historic Site
Life at Manzanar was uncertain, but the prospect of dying behind barbed wire, far from home, may have been unthinkable. On May 16, 1943, Matsunosuke Murakami, 62, became the first of 150 men, women, and children to die in camp. He and 14 others, . . . — Map (db m70534) WM
California (Inyo County), Independence — Weaving for the WarManzanar National Historic Site
America went to work for the war effort in 1942, and Manzanar was no exception. More than 500 young Japanese Americans wove camouflage nets here for the U.S. Army. Since citizenship was a job requirement, most saw weaving nets as a chance to prove . . . — Map (db m70551) HM
California (Los Angeles County), Arcadia — Santa Anita During World War II
Early in 1942 the US government designated Santa Anita Park for special usage during the war years. Pursuant to Executive Order 9066 signed by President Franklin D. Roosevelt, from March 30, 1942 until October 27, 1942 the facility was used as . . . — Map (db m68088) HM
California (Los Angeles County), Long Beach — Long Beach-Yokkaichi Sister City AssociationBuilding Leaders for a Global Community — Peace through Personal Diplomacy
This plaque was dedicated on the 50th Anniversary of the establishment of the Long Beach-Yokkaichi Sister City Association to honor the citizens of both cities who are dedicated to peach through personal diplomacy. November 8, 2013 Bob . . . — Map (db m73101) HM
California (Los Angeles County), Los Angeles — 486 — Chinese Cemetery ShrineNineteenth Century Los Angeles — Evergreen Cemetery
Panel 1: This monument is the oldest surviving structure of Chinese settlement in the Los Angeles area. It illustrates the use of traditional ceremonies brought from China and honors the lives of 19th century Chinese Americans. . . . — Map (db m74019) HM
California (Los Angeles County), Los Angeles — Japanese-American Soldiers442nd Infantry RCT, World War II Memorial — Korean War Dead - 1950 to '53
Text on the plaque attached to the south face of the base beneath the tall column in the northwest corner [traditionally the Japanese/Japanese-American section of the cemetery]: In Sacred Memory This memorial is reverently placed here . . . — Map (db m74081) HM WM
California (Los Angeles County), Pasadena — 988 — Pacific Asia Museum
Grace Nicholson, a noted collector and authority on American Indian and Asian Art and artifacts, supervised the design of her combination gallery and museum which was completed in 1929. It has been called an outstanding example of 1920s revival . . . — Map (db m59818) HM
California (Los Angeles County), Rancho Palos Verdes — Site of the First Japanese American Farm on the Palos Verdes Peninsula
This site was designated a Point of Historical Interest at a meeting in regular session on May 1, 1992 in Sacramento. It particularly honors Kumekichi Ishibashi, who built the first Japanese-American farmhouse in 1906. He was born in Japan and came . . . — Map (db m31245) HM
California (Los Angeles County), San Pedro — Fishing Industry Memorial1883-1999
In 1892 Southern California Fish Corp. was the first cannery in Los Angeles Harbor. In 1903 a technique of preparing and canning was developed to can sardines, mackerel, bluefin tuna, yellowfin tuna and albacore. In 1912 the first fresh fish market . . . — Map (db m85153) HM
California (Los Angeles County), San Pedro — 146 — Municipal Ferry Building - Maritime Museum
. . . — Map (db m52539) HM
California (Los Angeles County), San Pedro — Terminal Island Japanese Memorial
Panel 1: Terminal Island Memorial From the early 1900s until World War II, the fishing village of "Fish Harbor" on Terminal Island was a thriving community of 3,000 people – primarily Japanese immigrants and their U.S.-born . . . — Map (db m72145) HM
California (Marin County), Tiburon — Honoring the Contributions of Chinese Immigrants紀念華人殺輯的露蹴 — Commemorative Monument / 紀念碑
In 1979, local restaurant owner "Trader" Vic Bergeron donated this monument in recognition of the contributions of Chinese immigrants to America. Originally located at the site of the former Asiatic Dining Hall, it was relocated to this overlook in . . . — Map (db m91809) HM
California (Marin County), Tiburon — James Yeh Jau Liu
At this site – 34 Main St. James Yeh Jau Liu (1910 - 2003) World Renowned Chinese Watercolorist and Tiburon’s Artist Laureate Operated Han Syl Studio from 1967 to 2003 Over the 35 years of offering his paintings to . . . — Map (db m69203) HM
California (Mariposa County), Coulterville — Sun Sun Wo Co.Est. 1851 — Chinatown Grocery – Coulterville, CA.
One of the earlier Gold Rush buildings, and one of the last adobe structures left, this general store was established and operated by the Chinese from 1851 until 1926. Named after it’s original owners Mow Da Sun and his son, Sun Kow, this store . . . — Map (db m46366) HM
California (Mendocino County), Pont Arena — Fifteen Japanese from Yawatahama
(This monument is made up of three plaques. The first plaque is on the front.) This monument is dedicated to the fifteen young men from Yawatahama, Japan who sailed 11,000 kilometers across the Pacific in a 15 meter wooden boat to realize . . . — Map (db m64325) HM
California (Mendocino County), Ukiah — 116 & 118 South State Street
This sturdy iron-front building may have been a lesson learned from the April 1906 earthquake. The Dispatch Democrat newspaper reported on August 17, 1906 that a "deep cellar is being dug for a new brick building." Henry Meyer, who had come . . . — Map (db m96482) HM
California (Merced County), Merced — 934 — Merced Assembly Center
This was one of 15 temporary detention camps established during World War II to incarcerate persons of Japanese ancestry, a majority of whom were American citizens, without specific charges or trial. From May to September 1942, 4669 residents of . . . — Map (db m46957) HM
California (Modoc County), Newell — Tule Lake Segregation CenterWWII Valor in the Pacific National Monument, Tule Lake Unit
World War II Valor in the Pacific National Monument was established in 2008, in part to serve as a reminder of the grave injustices endured by Japanese Americans incarcerated at the Tule Lake Segregation Center. The Tule Lake Unit also preserves a . . . — Map (db m87890) HM
California (Mono County), Bridgeport — Frontier Justice
On this site, Bridgeport's most sensational court trial occurred June 9th, 1891. Ah Quong Tai, a local Chinese businessman accused of the cannibalistic murder of Poker Tom, a well known Paiute Indian, appeared in court defended by two attorneys, . . . — Map (db m37596) HM
California (Monterey County), Castroville — For the Sake of the Children(The Japanese Schoolhouse)
The Early Days: 1860s to 1930s Castro founded the town in 1863 Juan Bautista Castro, from an important California family, subdivided his rancho to establish a town. He was the first in the county to offer lots to attract . . . — Map (db m63772) HM
California (Monterey County), Castroville — The Castroville Japanese SchoolhouseFor the Sake of the ChildrenKodomo No Tame Ni - Para El Bien De Los Ninos - Per Il Bene De Ragazzi
From its founding, Castroville has been home to immigrants. They came from many countries to make better lives for themselves and their children. Then, as now, the immigrants primarily worked in the fields nearby. Japanese immigrants wanted their . . . — Map (db m63714) HM
California (Monterey County), Monterey — Jone Quock MuiHistoric Cannery Row
Quock Mui was born at Point Lobos in 1859 (lower left). Her parents were Cantonese fishermen who sailed to California by seagoing junk in 1851. Point Lobos was a thriving multicultural community in the later 19th century. Quock Mui had an aptitude . . . — Map (db m55144) HM
California (Monterey County), Monterey — McAbee BeachHistoric Cannery Row
Portuguese whalers From the California Gold Rush to nearly the turn of the century, Portuguese whalers launched boats from this beach and rowed them out into the bay to intercept whales migrating along the Monterey coastline. Once harpooned, . . . — Map (db m55191) HM
California (Monterey County), Monterey — The Filipino CommunityHistoric Cannery Row
Filipinos were attracted in large numbers to California after the 1924 Immigration Act excluded Japanese, who had been the major part of the state’s agricultural labor force. By 1930, as many as 35,000 Pinoys – young, single, male Filipino . . . — Map (db m55100) HM
California (Monterey County), Monterey — The Japanese CommunityHistoric Cannery Row
While the majority of Monterey’s commercial fishermen in the 1930s were Sicilian, about 10 percent of the fleet were Japanese nationals, some of whom has been fishing the bay since 1900. These Issei – first generation Japanese – came as . . . — Map (db m55101) HM
California (Monterey County), Monterey — Thomas Cole House
Thomas Cole, an English sawyer, built this home for his family in 1856. Used over time as a dwelling house, it became the headquarters for the local Nationalist Chinese Political Party in the early 1940’s. — Map (db m63224) HM
California (Monterey County), Salinas — 934 — Salinas Temporary Detention Center
This monument is dedicated to the 3,586 Monterey Bay Area residents of Japanese ancestry, most of whom were American citizens, temporarily confined in the Salinas Rodeo Grounds during World War II from April to July 1942. They were detained without . . . — Map (db m70246) HM
California (Monterey County), Salinas — The First and Second Filipino Infantry Regiments U.S. Army
The first Filipino Infantry Regiment was activated July 13, 1942 at the Salinas California Rodeo Grounds. The Second Filipino Infantry Regiment was activated November 22, 1942 at Fort Ord. Personnel were Filipinos living in the United States then . . . — Map (db m28040) HM
California (Nevada County), Grass Valley — Chinatown, Grass Valley1850 – 1938
Of the many gold rush imigrants, the Chinese were noted for their honest, sober and industrious characteristics. Each mining camp had its Chinatown and Grass Valley was second only to San Francisco’s. Former residents Duck Egg, Georgie Bow, Ah Louie . . . — Map (db m45126) HM
California (Nevada County), Norden — Great Summit Tunnel of the Sierra Nevada
Beneath this plaque the first transcontinental railroad traversed the mighty Sierra Nevada range. The 1659 foot long summit tunnel took over 15 months of Chinese muscle and sweat to build. The Chinese painstakingly hand drilled, then blasted the . . . — Map (db m95506) HM
California (Nevada County), Norden — 23 — Tunnel 6Hwy 40 Scenic Bypass
History 1866 - Right here Bam, bam, quarter turn; Bam, bam, quarter turn; Bam, bam, quarter turn; all day long, three shifts a day, day after day, week after week. Chinese workers pounded away at the solid granite. One worker held a star . . . — Map (db m81878) HM
California (Nevada County), Rough and Ready — The China Wall
In the 1850’s, Chinese laborers, who were an essential part of the community, built the wall you see before you. Large natural stones were hand stacked for its construction. The wall extends five miles in either direction, however much of it has . . . — Map (db m39829) HM
California (Nevada County), Washington — Washington
In August 1850 Washington was the highest point on the South Yuba River at which gold had been discovered with over 1,000 miners. In 1870 the Chinese out numbered the white population. The last try to strike it rich was in the 1890’s. Washington . . . — Map (db m43685) HM
California (Orange County), Fountain Valley — 21 — Buddhist Church
Built in 1935 and dedicated in 1936. First Buddhist Church in Orange County. In 1954 the Church was moved to Stanton then moved to present location in Anaheim in 1965. — Map (db m59057) HM
California (Orange County), Fountain Valley — 15 — Ishii Home
Kyutaro Ishii, Japanese settler, came here in 1905 and by 1910 was farming 40 acres. Returned to Japan in 1912 to marry Sada. They built a home here in 1913. — Map (db m59742) HM
California (Placer County), Auburn — Bloomers Cut
So named because of its location on the Bloomer Ranch, it remains virtually unchanged since its original construction in 1864. The overwhelming task of construction was undertaken by the diligent, hard working efforts of a small band of Chinese . . . — Map (db m93971) HM
California (Placer County), Auburn — Bosse-Morgan Building”Hop Sing Laundry”
Built in 1855 by Gordon. Early tenants included Gellespy & Co. Clothing and J. Harwood & Co. Tin and Hardware. Hop Sing operated a Chinese laundry here circa 1894 until his death in 1944. Purchased in 1897 by Henry Bosse, left to his daughters . . . — Map (db m43699) HM
California (Placer County), Auburn — Chinese Houses
Historical Landmark Chinese Houses Among the earliest buildings June 1855 fire started here Burned 80 buildings — Map (db m44069) HM
California (Placer County), Auburn — The Auburn Joss House
Auburn’s original joss house (dedicated February 1909) was located directly across Sacramento Street. After the August 25, 1921 fire that destroyed most of Chinatown, a building was erected here that later became home to the Ling Ying Association. . . . — Map (db m43696) HM
California (Placer County), Auburn — The Chinese Coolie
Dr. Kenneth H. Fox crafted this statue from 1 mile of reinforced steel rebar and 35 cubic yards of concrete. The “Chinese Coolie” stands 22 feet high, is 33 feet long and weighs 70 tons. This giant statue relocated to this historic . . . — Map (db m81597) HM
California (Placer County), Auburn — The Tsuda Grocery
Katsuichi and Tomo Tsuda of Hiroshima, Japan established the K. Tsuda General Merchandise in 1918. That original store was located at 135 Sacramento Street, about one block east of this location. The business continued to operate at that site until . . . — Map (db m55649) HM
California (Placer County), Dutch Flat — Adobe Store Building
Built by Chinese in 1870's Instead of brick they used a solid wall type construction — Map (db m44643) HM
California (Plumas County), La Porte — La Porte’s Chinese Community
In 1870 the Chinese community of Goodwin Township consisted of 184 dwellings housing 248 people. They were accepted and more welcome here than in other mining areas due to the respect of their leader, Ah Tye in the white and Chinese communities — Map (db m56301) HM
California (Sacramento County), Isleton — Bing Kong Tong Society Building
This building dates from 1927 when it was rebuilt after a fire in 1926. The upper floor served the Chinese population as a center for religious and social activities. The Toy family operated a store two doors west called The Quong Wo Sing Co. . . . — Map (db m18271) HM
California (Sacramento County), Sacramento — 934 — Walerga Assembly CenterLest We Forget
Walerga Assembly Center was established by the United States at the onset of World War II to assemble and temporarily detain, without charge or trial, 4,739 Sacramento residents solely because of their Japanese ancestry. Approximately 120,000 . . . — Map (db m16850) HM
California (San Benito County), San Juan Bautista — Jim Jack’s Cabin
Jim Jack was known as China Jim, the Mustard King. In the 1880’s he gathered mustard seed from the grain fields in the San Juan Valley. Jim Jack, “the big-hearted Chinaman” had that rarest of gifts, the gift of giving. — Map (db m62721) HM
California (San Diego County), San Diego — 7 — Casa de Thomas Addition, 1930
While it appears to be part of the Quin Building, this structure is actually a separate addition built by Thomas Quin. Between 1930 and 1944, it was leased to several proprietors, and operated as an automobile service garage known as the Empire . . . — Map (db m52685) HM
California (San Diego County), San Diego — 88 — Chinese Consolidated Benevolent Assoc., 1911
The original tenants of the two-story, Oriental-theme structure were the Gee Goon Tong, famous for their help in plotting the 1912 revolution which formed the Republic of China. The Benevolent Society was founded in 1920 as an outgrowth of the Tong, . . . — Map (db m52949) HM
California (San Diego County), San Diego — Chinese Fishing and Shipbuilding Site
From around 1860 to the early 1890's, the Chinese had a fishing village at this site along the La Playa Trail. The village had ten shanties, drying racks and salting tanks. At the shore was a shipbuilding facility where Chinese junks were . . . — Map (db m82320) HM
California (San Diego County), San Diego — 2 — Chinese Laundry, 1923
The south half of this building was the Hop Lee Chong Laundry, a Chinese laundry in continuous use from the building's construction in 1923 until 1964. The north half was the home of several Oriental businesses such as the "American Company", . . . — Map (db m52651) HM
California (San Diego County), San Diego — 86 — Chinese Mission Building, 1927
This California Mission Revival-style building was designed by Louis Gill, nephew and protege of Irving Gill. The facade of the one-story chapel features a sloping red-tile roof over a central bell tower. The Chinese Mission, located in the building . . . — Map (db m52947) HM
California (San Diego County), San Diego — Downtown San Diego
"Go forth, with spirit, the civic vision, and the courage to build the city of your dreams." —Alonzo E. Horton A Vibrant New Town The most striking evidence of the city’s downtown renaissance is its skyline. From the sculptural . . . — Map (db m73906) HM
California (San Diego County), San Diego — 5 — Lester Hotel, 1906
The first floor of this building has a colorful tenant history. The Goodwill Bar operated from 1906 to 1945. In 1945, Mike McIntosh and Sam Dini purchased the business. They were responsible for the "McDini" corned beef sandwhich of local fame. In . . . — Map (db m52682) HM
California (San Diego County), San Diego — 6 — Quin Building, 1930
In 1930, this Spanish Colonial Revival style structure was built in the heart of Chinatown for Thomas A. Quin. The top portion had two apartments, and the bottom floor was a combination storefront and storage space. Seven years after its . . . — Map (db m52687) HM
California (San Diego County), San Diego — 87 — Quong Building, 1913
The Quong Building is not only an historical structure, it has also been the site of archeological digs. The building gets its name from Mow Yuen Quong, a business man who operated the structure from 1889 to 1928. The building has been listed in . . . — Map (db m52948) HM
California (San Francisco City and County), San Francisco — 12 — A New BallgameSan Francisco Japantown History Walk
Americanization was difficult for the Issei. Prejudice, language barriers and discrimination often stymied their efforts, yet they persisted, often venturing into Western society with great zeal. With the Nisei generation, however, the Japanese . . . — Map (db m86488) HM
California (San Francisco City and County), San Francisco — Alleyways in ChinatownRoss Alley
Alleyways in Chinatown were created during the early settlement of Chinese in the late 1870’s. During that period, the rapidly-growing community was restricted by anti-Chinese sentiment to a six block area behind the back streets of the Barbary . . . — Map (db m71997) HM
California (San Francisco City and County), San Francisco — Bryant Street
This marker consists of six plaques arranged in a 2 X 3 pattern. The top left plaque is the title plaque and may contain some text. The top right plaque displayed an arrow which points in the direction of the named street. Other plaques contain . . . — Map (db m92822) HM
California (San Francisco City and County), San Francisco — Chinese-American War Memorial
We Salute These Americans of Chinese Ancestry who Gave Their Lives for America in World Wars I & II Tom Kwong, Leo Sai, Bill Tom, Donald Ginn Chong, Lincoln Mark, Tung Ling Yee, Harry Wong, Daniel Lim, Clifford S. Low, Hon Y. Lee, John Wing . . . — Map (db m71450) WM
California (San Francisco City and County), San Francisco — Dr. Sun Yat Sen1866 - 1925
Founder of the Kuo Min Tang, Champion for Democracy, Father of the Chinese Republic and first President. Lover of mankind. Proponent of friendship and peace among the nations based on equality, justice and goodwill. — Map (db m69511) HM
California (San Francisco City and County), San Francisco — First Chinese Baptist Church華人浸信會
{The left side of the marker has the text in English:} This church was organized on October 3, 1880. The congregation first met in rented quarters on Washington Street across from Portsmouth Square, and moved to the present location in . . . — Map (db m52875) HM
California (San Francisco City and County), San Francisco — Gold Mountain
As dreams and the spirit of adventure lured “fortune-hunters” from many parts of the world to California during the mid 1800s, so the news spread to the far reaches of China. To the Chinese, California came to symbolize an image of . . . — Map (db m70853) HM
California (San Francisco City and County), San Francisco — 11 — Issei Women's LegacySan Francisco Japantown History Walk
Life in America was full of unknowns for an Issei (Japanese immigrant) departing Japan in the early l900s. She may have come to America as a laborer or accompanying her husband. More likely, she came as a picture bride through an arranged marriage . . . — Map (db m86487) HM
California (San Francisco City and County), San Francisco — Military Intelligence Service Language SchoolNovember 1941 - April 1942
This building was the site of the first class of the Military Intelligence Service Language School November 1941 - April 1942 Eventually, six thousand Japanese-American soldier graduates served their country valiantly in the Pacific area . . . — Map (db m29989) HM
California (San Francisco City and County), San Francisco — 3 — Uoki SakaiFish Market • 1906 — San Francisco Japantown History Walk
Kitaichi Sakai arrived in San Francisco in the 1890s. He worked as a cook and sold fish door-to-door from a horse and buggy. After the 1906 Earthquake he opened a combined grocery, fish market and ship's chandlery on Geary Street. The store's name . . . — Map (db m85558) HM
California (San Joaquin County), Stockton — 934 — Stockton Assembly Center
Here, within the confines of San Joaquin County Fairgrounds, enclosed by barbed wire and housed in temporary barracks, 4,217 San Joaquin County residents of Japanese ancestry, predominately American citizens, were interned from May 10 to October 17, . . . — Map (db m15958) HM
California (San Luis Obispo County), Cambria — Preserving a Bit of History(Chinese Temple)
This property was once Cambria’s historical “Chinese Center,” the social focus for workers who harvested seaweed and abalone for shipment back to China, or worked in local quicksilver (mercury) mines in the mountains. Here local . . . — Map (db m68511) HM
California (San Luis Obispo County), San Luis Obispo — “Love” and “Double Joy”樂 愛
This mosaic tile mural, placed in the heart of the historic Chinatown District of San Luis Obispo, commemorates our City’s Chinese pioneers. As immigrants they faced prejudice and exclusionary laws, but rose above such obstacles to make major . . . — Map (db m52979) HM
California (San Mateo County), San Bruno — 934 — Tanforan Racetrack Japanese Assembly Center
Racetrack opened in 1899 and had racing seasons until it burned down in 1964. Many famous horses raced and won here. In 1942, Tanforan became a temporary assembly center for over 4000 persons of Japanese ancestry who were to be interned for the . . . — Map (db m18410) HM
California (San Mateo County), San Mateo — Central Park Veterans Memorial – Japanese American Combat Team
In Memory of 442nd Japanese American Combat Team and their families "Go For Broke" Map (db m29186) HM
California (San Mateo County), Woodside — The Chinese Wallsat Folger Estate Stable
These stone walls are part of a network of trails and roads built by Chinese immigrants. In 1872 Simon L. Jones bought 1,500 acres of timberland in Woodside and developed them into farmlands, orchards and vineyards with the use of Chinese labor. . . . — Map (db m63621) HM
California (Santa Clara County), San Jose — Asahi Baseball
They built a baseball diamond with the homeplate on the Jackson and Sixth Street corner and the outfield towards the railroad tracks. Rightfield was shorter and leftfield went on across Seventh Street. The centerfield was much lower than homeplate, . . . — Map (db m52513) HM
California (Santa Clara County), San Jose — 2 — Chinatown
From 1872 to 1887, a large Chinese population occupied this block of Market Street. Despite considerable discrimination against them, the Chinese managed to survive within their insular community. By the late 1880's, as downtown businesses began . . . — Map (db m26214) HM
California (Santa Clara County), San Jose — Dobashi Market
“... you come upon the boiled eel, the quail’s eggs, the dried seaweed, and the squid like root called gobo, as well as the crinkly cabbage Japanese call napa and Korean pickled radishes packed in Hawaii and small cans of shrimp paste imported . . . — Map (db m52508) HM
California (Santa Clara County), San Jose — Gran Oriente Filipino Masonic Lodge
This is a picture of second generation Filipinos. Pacita Todtod who was also known as “Pacing” was famous for being a singer appearing at the beginning of the 1948 movie, “They Were Expendable,” starring John Wayne. Curt . . . — Map (db m52497) HM
California (Santa Clara County), San Jose — Hori Midwife House
My grandmother kept her patients in the house for five days. My mother cooked the meals and grandmother would serve them. My mother was a very good cook. My dad taught her how; he’d learned to cook while working as a houseboy to put himself through . . . — Map (db m52214) HM
California (Santa Clara County), San Jose — Ideal Laundry
Ideal Laundry designed and built especially for laundry work and housed in a handsome, two-story fireproof brick building, erected as a cost of $30,000. This new enterprise was founded by I. Tsurukawa, one of the leading men in the local Japanese . . . — Map (db m52549) HM
California (Santa Clara County), San Jose — Jackson Drugs
I have been at this corner most of my life being born in the midwife house across the street. Nothing has changed in the neighborhood, except the people. I’ve seen Tokunaga go, Hashimoto’s Drug store across the street become a golf shop, Tom and . . . — Map (db m52498) HM
California (Santa Clara County), San Jose — Japanese Kuwabara Hospital
The Nishiura Brothers built this Colonial Revival structure in 1910. Named after its first resident physician from Japan, Dr. Taisuka Kuwabara, the Kumamoto Kenjin-kai (a prefectural association) established the hospital to serve the Japanese . . . — Map (db m52554) HM
California (Santa Clara County), San Jose — Japantown Theater
San Jose Japantown was the center of many amusements. We had theater that performed Kabuki and modern shows, like “love stories.” When I was young, people gathered here with their horse and wagon – just tied their horse up to the . . . — Map (db m65003) HM
California (Santa Clara County), San Jose — Japantowns
From the late 1800s, Japantowns began to emerge in California’s port towns and agricultural areas where Japanese immigrants helped build the state’s economy through fishing, farming and other businesses. By the 1930s, as many as forty Japan towns . . . — Map (db m52558) HM
California (Santa Clara County), San Jose — Kawakami Building
When folks came back from the internment camps many of them were helped a lot by a local businessman, Torahiko Kawakami. He worked through the Buddhist Church hostel to resettle people and to get them back on their feet. He became known as . . . — Map (db m52550) HM
California (Santa Clara County), San Jose — Ken Ying Low
Ken Ying Low was renowned for its homemade noodles, and visitors from Sacramento and San Francisco would always stop at the restaurant for “the best chow mein.” There were several generation of excellent cooks, and one remembered was Ng . . . — Map (db m52548) HM
California (Santa Clara County), San Jose — Mr. Peckham
Because of the Alien Land Laws in California, Mr. Peckham held land in his name for those of Japanese, Chinese, Filipino and other Asian ancestries ... until the oldest native born child in the family turned 21. He would then transfer the land to . . . — Map (db m65005) HM
California (Santa Clara County), San Jose — Ng Shing GungTemple of Five Gods
The original Ng Shing Gung, or Temple of Five Gods, was constructed in 1888 on Cleveland Avenue near Taylor Street in Heinlenville, and early San Jose Chinatown. Heinlenville consisted of a network of small streets within the block bordered by . . . — Map (db m52164) HM
California (Santa Clara County), San Jose — Nihonmachi[Japantown]
[This marker is composed of four panels, each located at one corner of the intersection of Jackson and North Fifth Streets in San Jose.] [Panel 1, south corner] Pioneers 1890s to 1920s During the 1890s, Nikkei (Japanese in . . . — Map (db m52450) HM
California (Santa Clara County), San Jose — Old Japantown Garage
Card playing was a social outlet. When I was young, my grandfather brought me here when he stopped to see his friends. The windows were soaped to prevent people from peering in. I was only allowed to sit on a stool and watch the card games. The game . . . — Map (db m52514) HM
California (Santa Clara County), San Jose — San Jose Buddhist Church Betsuin
In 1902 a San Jose Buddhist Church was founded as a recognized branch of the San Francisco Buddhist Church. In 1906 property at 630 North 5th Street was purchased and services conducted by the first resident minister from Japan Reverend Honen . . . — Map (db m26221) HM
California (Santa Clara County), San Jose — Sumo Ring Site
People also made a sumo wresting ring in the baseball grounds and had tournaments. Dr. James Dobashi was the strongest then. Nobody could even be compared with him. Dr. Isamu Kawamura — Map (db m52511) HM
California (Santa Clara County), San Jose — Taihei Hotel
Mr. Taketa built this hotel around 1915 to accommodate traveling businessmen and dignitaries to San Jose. There used to be a lot of people playing the game Go in the lobby. Jimi Yamaichi, 2007 — Map (db m52551) HM
California (Santa Clara County), San Jose — Takalkni Printing
There were several pool halls, but no gambling houses in Japantown. However a Japanese-operated print shop on Jackson Street which made cannery labels, printed lottery tickets for the Chinese. A gambling “runner” would come from . . . — Map (db m52510) HM
California (Santa Clara County), San Jose — Tanizawa Grocery
We had everything in our store for the farmers. Dry goods. Work clothes. Japanese zori, tabi, pots and pans and dishes. We opened at seven in the morning and closed at ten at night everyday. Christmas day was one of the busiest days we had. New . . . — Map (db m52496) HM
California (Santa Clara County), San Jose — The Second Buddhist Church
The second Buddhist church building was situated where the Annex is now located. This building was established in 1908 as the “Independent Buddhist Church” when Reverend Hone Takahashi and certain church members seceded from the original . . . — Map (db m65006) HM
California (Santa Clara County), San Jose — Tom & Mary’s Snack Shop & Dr. Watanabe’s Office
The first Japanese American surgeon in San Jose was Dr. Lee Watanabe. His office was above Tom and Mary’s Snack Shop. He was pretty short, but when he was standing on his box doing surgery, he was a giant. Sue Inouye — Map (db m52494) HM
California (Santa Clara County), San Jose — Wesley United Methodist ChurchChartered August, 13, 1895
Wesley United Methodist Church was chartered August, 13, 1895 by the evangelical spirit and vision of pioneer Issei Christians and the struggles and hopes of immigrant families who had come to farm rich soil of the Santa Clara Valley. With a . . . — Map (db m52222) HM
California (Santa Clara County), San Jose — Wing’s Chinese Restaurant
Dad would teach us things, but we were not interested in the restaurant. We saw how hard he worked. He started working at ten in the morning and wouldn’t stop until two the next morning. Every day. Seven days a week. Dr. James Chan, 2006 — Map (db m52495) HM
California (Santa Clara County), San Jose — Yasunaga Produce and Transfer Company
Occupying the entire south side of Taylor Street between 5th and 6th was a truck transfer company owned by Mr. K. Yasunage. Farmers had to sell their produce in San Francisco and Oakland markets and needed someone to transport the produce. Most . . . — Map (db m52493) HM
California (Shasta County), Igo — Piety Hill
The townsite is located along Cloverdale Rd. for 0.7 of a mile. Established in 1849, the town grew quickly to 1,500 residents, including 600 Chinese closeby. The Hardscrabble mine began operations in 1853, served by the Dry Creek Tunnel and Fluming . . . — Map (db m89136) HM
California (Siskiyou County), Tulelake — Camp Tulelake
1935-1942 Civilian Conservation Corps This camp was built and staffed by the CCC, an organization that was established during the Great Depression by President Franklin Roosevelt to reduce unemployment and to preserve the nation's . . . — Map (db m88000) HM
California (Siskiyou County), Yreka — Yreka Chinese Cemetery
There are two plaques located at the kiosk next to the Yreka Chinese Cemetery. The Yreka Chinese Cemetery was created by the Yreka city Board of Trustees in August 1877. The United States government issued a patent to the Central Pacific . . . — Map (db m70112) HM
California (Trinity County), Weaverville — Chinese Tong War
In the year 1854 on this site two belligerent Chinese Tongs fought a pitched battle, 2000 participated, 26 lost their lives, and many were wounded. — Map (db m56084) HM
California (Trinity County), Weaverville — Joss House
This Joss House Was built in 1874 by Chinese Miners who came to the Trinity County in search of gold. — Map (db m56145) HM
California (Trinity County), Weaverville — Lee Family Ranch House
This house built in 1917 by family members on land purchased from Mrs. J. Putnam is located adjacent to the 32 acre Lorenz Ranch farmed by the Lee family since 1906. Acquired from the Lee family in 1989 by Trinity County. — Map (db m56193) HM
California (Trinity County), Weaverville — Old Weaverville Fire Station
This building, with its rammed earth wall was constructed by early Chinese settlers. On January 17, 1910, it was purchased by the Weaverville Fire District and was their fire station until 1949. In 1979, the local fire district, with . . . — Map (db m56020) HM
California (Trinity County), Weaverville — Weaverville Chinatown
Chinatown business district was centered in this area. On September 10, 1874, fire destroyed everything from the corner of Highway 3 & Main Street to the Pacific Brewery, except four adobe buildings. Again, on September 30, 1905, fire destroyed all . . . — Map (db m56027) HM
California (Trinity County), Weaverville — 709 — Won Lim Miao
Hundreds of Chinese miners came to the Weaverville area in the 1850’s and prospered despite hardships, discrimination and tax on foreign miners. The first house of worship burned in 1873; the Chinese continued their religious traditions in the . . . — Map (db m56086) HM
California (Tuolumne County), Chinese Camp — Old Crimea House
Built in 1853 by James W. Kerrick. Having come over the emigrant trail, to Keystone District with nine covered wagons. This place originally housed a restaurant, bar rooms and stables. Located on the main road from San Joaquin and Bay Region into . . . — Map (db m53311) HM
California (Tuolumne County), Columbia — A Cosmopolitan SocietyWith a Dash of Gold!
Columbia was a boomtown. The discovery of gold in 1850 attracted thousands of miners here. As more people arrived, the demand for goods, services and entertainment soared. In the gold rush, Columbia stores and other businesses thrived. . . . — Map (db m53301) HM
California (Tuolumne County), Columbia — Claverie Building
Shortly after the fire of August, 1857, this one-story brick structure was built by three Frenchmen; L. Claverie, Charles Meysan, and Victor Pinchard. After their partnership dissolved in 1861, Meysan owned the building until 1869. He sold it to Sun . . . — Map (db m53300) HM
California (Tuolumne County), Sonora — A Portal of the PastSonora Chinatown
This monument is dedicated to the memory of the Chinese Pioneers who for years made this section their home. It was a city within a city whose residents were isolated from their surrounding neighbors by a barrier of language, custom and religion. . . . — Map (db m53333) HM
California (Yolo County), Woodland — Original railroad
In 1869 the branch line of the California Pacific Railroad (Cal-P) was laid, connecting Davisville to Woodland to Knights Landing to Yuba City. The tracks crossed the alley about here, angling from Main and College (then called Railroad Street). In . . . — Map (db m55676) HM
California (Yuba County), Marysville — Chinese Rock Wall
The close proximity of the gold mines and the railroad construction contributed to Marysville’s large Chinese population in the mid to late 1880’s. When those activities diminished, the Chinese worked in various occupations, many as laborers . . . — Map (db m65965) HM
California (Yuba County), Olivehurst — Marysville Migrant Labor Campsite
1935 – 1937 Arboga Japanese Relocation Center April 16, 1942 - June 29, 1942 <--------<<<< — Map (db m65969) HM
Colorado (Prowers County), Granada — Amache - Granada Relocation Center
Marker No. 1: Amache During the first months of World II, the United States Government ordered over 110,000 men, women, and children of Japanese descent to leave their homes, and incarcerated them in remote, military-style camps. . . . — Map (db m62111) HM
Colorado (Prowers County), Granada — Amache Remembered
(Front) Dedicated to the 31 patriotic Japanese Americans who volunteered from Amache and dutifully gave their lives in World War II, to the approximately 7000 persons who were relocated at Amache, and to the 120 who died there during . . . — Map (db m82732) HM WM
Colorado (Prowers County), Granada — Granada Relocation Center (Amache)
Granda Relocation Center (Amache) has been designated a National Historic Landmark (A close Japanese translation:) . . . — Map (db m70747) HM
District of Columbia, Washington — 3524 Connecticut Avenue, N.W.
1920-1930: Apartments, Shops and Cars “Connecticut Avenue is the principal approach to what is undoubtedly Washington's greatest suburban buying power” — The Washington Post, December 7, 1930 Early development . . . — Map (db m82093) HM
District of Columbia, Washington — 8 — Mount Pleasant: The Immigrants' Journey
Low cost housing in Mount Pleasant in the decades following World War II made it an ideal place for immigrants to the area. Refugees fleeing World War II and the Cold War in Eastern Europe were the first group to arrive. A small Czech community . . . — Map (db m68731) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Capitol Hill — Japanese American Memorial to Patriotism During World War II
[Panel 1 of the historical narrative at memorial entrance]: On February 19, 1942, 73 days after the United States entered World War II, President Franklin Roosevelt issued Executive Order 9066 which resulted in the removal of 120,000 . . . — Map (db m40541) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Chinatown — e.6 — ChinatownCivil War to Civil Rights — Downtown Heritage Trail
dragons to bring rain, prosperity and friendship More than 280 dragons, crowned by 700 glazed tiles, look down from the Chinatown Friendship Archway before you. Symbols of the spirits that bring rain and prosperity in China, these . . . — Map (db m26935) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Judiciary Square — e.8 — Lillian and Albert Small Jewish MuseumCivil War to Civil Rights — Downtown Heritage Trail
Jewish Historical Society of Greater Washington “The neighborhood was our whole life.” Albert Small, born in the neighborhood in 1902. This is the oldest surviving synagogue building in Washington. Constructed in 1875 by . . . — Map (db m29761) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Northwest — Dr. Philip Jaisohn, 1864-1951First Korean American
Dr. Philip Jaisohn was a pioneer of independence, democracy and public awakening for the Korean people. After the failed 1884 reformation movement, he was exiled to the United States, where he became the first Korean-born to become an American . . . — Map (db m39925) HM
Hawaii (Honolulu County), Honolulu — Afong Villa — Waikīkī Historic Trail
On this site stood the villa of Chun Afong, Hawai‘i’s first Chinese millionaire, who arrived in Honolulu in 1849. By 1855, he had made his fortune in retailing, real estate, sugar and rice, and for a long time held the government monopoly opium . . . — Map (db m49676) HM
Hawaii (Honolulu County), Waikiki — “Brothers in Valor” MemorialFort DeRussy, Oahu, Hawaii
Honoring the World War II Veterans of the 100th Infantry Battalion (Separate), the 442nd Regimental Combat Team, the Military Intelligence Service, and the 1399th Engineer Construction Battalion. “Veterans who served in these units, . . . — Map (db m26939) HM
Hawaii (Maui County), Wailuku — Monument of Christian Faith
In the distant future, when our descendants ask, tell them here lies the first altar made by Korean American Christians. Today, when more than three thousand Korean churches in America, along with their members ask, tell them you all are . . . — Map (db m73191) HM
Idaho (Jerome County), Hunt — A Question of Loyalty
The Honor Roll sign listed the names of Minidoka men and women who served in World War II, attesting to their honor and loyal citizenship. But not all viewed honor and loyalty in the same way. The government issued a questionnaire in early 1943 to . . . — Map (db m71748) HM
Idaho (Jerome County), Hunt — Honor RollMinidoka Relocation Center
Nearly every relocation center built an Honor Roll sign listing the names of Japanese American internees serving in World War II. Minidoka's sign, which stood near the rock garden, was erected on October 14, 1943. By the war's end nearly 1,000 names . . . — Map (db m71749) HM
Idaho (Jerome County), Hunt — Minidoka National Historic SiteGarden Under Guard — National Park Service, U.S. Department of the Interior
Internees created a garden behind the Honor Roll sign. The entrance garden was a cultural expression of inner strength and patriotism in contrast to the entrance gate, a symbol of confinement and injustice. The garden spoke liberty. The gate spoke . . . — Map (db m62957) HM WM
Idaho (Jerome County), Hunt — Minidoka Relocation CenterAugust 16, 1942 to October 26, 1945
You are standing at the entrance area of the Minidoka Relocation Center, one of ten American concentration camps established in World War II to incarcerate the 110,000 Americans of Japanese decent in coastal regions off our Pacific states.

Here . . . — Map (db m62956) HM

Idaho (Jerome County), Hunt — On GuardMinidoka Internment National Monument — National Park Service, U.S. Department of the Interior
The camp’s entrance was a stark and constant reminder that the internees were prisoners in their own country. Even though most internees were U.S. born citizens loyal to the principles and values of the country, they were denied their civil, . . . — Map (db m62961) HM WM
Idaho (Jerome County), Hunt — Soothing WatersMinidoka Internment National Monument — National Park Service, U.S. Department of the Interior
The North Side Canal brought solace to internees homesick for the Pacific Northwest. Here in the dry Idaho desert, the canal reminded them of familiar scenes in Oregon, Washington, and Alaska, where flowing waters were commonplace. The canal was . . . — Map (db m62962) HM
Idaho (Jerome County), Hunt — Supporting the Camp
Toshio Toyoji and his 44 whse. (warehouse) 20 carpenters make and finish practically all of the office furniture. They remodel and alter barracks for schools and evacuee housing as well as the staff housing. The project sign shop is also . . . — Map (db m71760) HM
Illinois (La Salle County), LaSalle — Dr. Paul Carus / Dr. Daisetz Teitaru Suzuki
Dr. Paul Carus Born July 18, 1852, Ilsenburg in Harz, Germany Died February 11, 1919, LaSalle, Illinois Dr. Paul Carus, who lived and worked at 1307 7th St, LaSalle, Illinois, was editor of the Open Court Publishing Company & The Open . . . — Map (db m65300) HM
Louisiana (Orleans Parish), New Orleans — Denis House
One of three once identical row houses erected in 1834 for Henry Raphael Denis, an attorney. Dr. Jokichi Takamine (1854-1922), Japanese chemist, philanthropist and co-commissioner for the 1884-1885 World’s Cotton Exposition, is said to have . . . — Map (db m55033) HM
Maryland (Prince George's County), Oxon Hill — Saint Lorenzo RuizFirst Filipino Saint — St. Columba Church
Saint Lorenzo Ruiz First Filipino Saint Born: Binondo, Manila, Philippines, 1600[?] Died for the Faith: Nagasaki, Japan, 1637 -- Spirit of the Living God Charismatic Community, Filipino Ministry and St. Columba Parish. Dedicated, . . . — Map (db m40715) HM
Minnesota (Ramsey County), Saint Paul — Welcome to Dale Street Station
The Frogtown neighborhood developed in the late 19th Century as residents spilled over from the adjacent downtown area. Many of these early residents worked in the growing railroad industry or at the Saint Paul Foundry, which operated through . . . — Map (db m79454) HM
Minnesota (Ramsey County), Saint Paul — Welcome to Victoria Street Station
The Frogtown and Rondo community that surround Victoria Street Station are rich in history and culture, elements of which live on today. The historic Rondo neighborhood was heavily influenced by the railroad industry. There was a time when a . . . — Map (db m79456) HM
Nevada (Elko County), Wells — Historic Front Street
Originating about 1868, Wells, Nevada focused around the Central Pacific Railroad. Chinese, Irish, and Italian immigrants were very instrumental in building the railroad and still today have a heavy emphasis on the Nevada economy. You may note that . . . — Map (db m81177) HM
Nevada (Lyon County), Dayton — 163 — ChinatownEarly Name of Dayton
The first Chinese were brought to this site in 1856 to build the "Reese" ditch from the Carson River to the entrance of Gold Canyon. The ditch was used for placer mining. The Chinese soon began reworking the placers, earning a living from those . . . — Map (db m69688) HM
Nevada (Storey County), Virginia City — 5 — ChinatownGenerally bordered on the North and South by Sutton and Union and on the East and West by G and L St — Comstock Historical Marker No. 5
The first Chinese came to the Comstock in the early 1860s after having worked on the Reese River Ditch project in Dayton, NV in the mid-1850s. Prejudice against them was prevalent at the time, due to their strange customs and traditions that was not . . . — Map (db m50106) HM
Nevada (Washoe County), Reno — 248 — Virginia & Truckee Railroad Right of Way
Soon after the Chinese laborers graded this section during the summer of 1871, track gangs commenced laying rail south, reaching Steamboat Springs by late October. To celebrate the occasion numerous residents rode an excursion train to Steamboat on . . . — Map (db m73947) HM
Nevada (Washoe County), Sparks — 29 — Chinese in Nevada1864 - 1964
This honors the heroism and hardihood of the thousands of Chinese who played a major role in the history of Nevada. From across the Pacific the Chinese came to California during the Gold Rush of '49 and on to the mountains and deserts of this state . . . — Map (db m73946) HM
New Mexico (Hidalgo County), Lordsburg — Camp Lordsburg
Near this site the US Army operated a camp during World War II. It opened as an internment camp for the Japanese and Japanese-American civilians from 1942-43. It later reopened as the Lordsburg Prisoner of War Camp for Germans and Italians from . . . — Map (db m60678) HM
New York (New York County), Chinatown, New York City — Americans of Chinese Ancestry
[Panel 1]: In memory of the Americans of Chinese ancestry who lost their lives in defense of freedom and democracy. [Chinese characters and insignia of the American Legion.] [Panel 2]: Dedicated by the Lt. Benj. . . . — Map (db m28168) HM
Ohio (Franklin County), Columbus — 76-25 — Asians in the American Civil War
Side A: Despite exclusionary laws preventing U.S. citizenship, Asians served in the Union and Confederate armies and navies during the American Civil War (1861-1865). Many of these soldiers were denied citizenship following their services . . . — Map (db m26933) HM
Pennsylvania (Bucks County), Perkasie — Pearl S. BuckAuthor, Activist and Humanitarian — 1892-1973
Welcome to the Pearl S. Buck House, a National Historic Landmark. Pearl S. Buck was the first American woman to be awarded both the Nobel and Pulitzer Prizes for literature. In addition to her literary achievements, Pearl S. Buck was passionately . . . — Map (db m86313) HM
Pennsylvania (Philadelphia County), Philadelphia — Philadelphia Chinatown
Founded in the 1870s by Chinese immigrants, it is the only “Chinatown” in Pennsylvania. This unique neighborhood includes businesses and residences owned by, and serving, Chinese Americans. Here, Asian cultural traditions are preserved . . . — Map (db m83529) HM
South Dakota (Lawrence County), Deadwood — Chinese Immigrants
Chinese Immigrants came to Deadwood to make their fortune. After burial in Mt. Moriah, with appropriate ceremonies, the remains were removed for reburial in their home village in China. Not more than two bodies remain in the Chinese Section. — Map (db m49688) HM
Tennessee (Shelby County), Memphis — Kuni Wada Bakery Remembrance
"When nothing else subsists from the past, after the people are dead, after the things are broken and scattered. The smell and taste of things remain poised a long time, like souls. Bearing resiliently, on tiny and almost impalpable drops of . . . — Map (db m89358) HM WM
Texas (Bexar County), Fort Sam Houston — 16246 — The Pershing Chinese
In March, 1916, President Woodrow Wilson ordered General John J. Pershing to lead an expedition into Mexico to punish Pancho Villa, the Mexican revolutionary whose troops crossed the U.S.-Mexico border and attacked the town of Columbus, New Mexico. . . . — Map (db m85539) HM
Texas (El Paso County), El Paso — 16051 — El Paso's Chinese Community
Chinese immigrants first arrived in El Paso shortly before the Southern Pacific Railroad completed its line here in 1881. The earliest immigrants opened a rooming house and a grocery store. Soon afterwards, the U.S. Government passed the Chinese . . . — Map (db m37904) HM
Texas (Harris County), Webster — 10758 — Seito and Kiyoaki SaibaraContributions to the Texas Rice Industry by
Seito Saibara (1861-1939), former president of Doshisha University in Kyoto, Japan, and first Christian member of the Japanese Diet (Parliament). Arrived in the United States in 1901 to study theology, and with the desire to establish a Japanese . . . — Map (db m50130) HM
Texas (Val Verde County), Langtry — 12694 — Site of Vinegarroon
Crossing the Pecos River Canyon was the last major obstacle the Southern Pacific Railroad faced in completing its southern transcontinental route linking New Orleans and San Francisco. As "Tunnel No. 2" was excavated on the west side of the canyon . . . — Map (db m36442) HM
Utah (Box Elder County), Brigham City — Chinese ArchA Monument in Limestone
Ancient Lake Bonneville once covered this area, including the flanks of Promontory Range. The waves washing against the ancient shore eroded fault-fractured rocks, creating the arch in the 300-million-year-old Oquirrh Formation. More than . . . — Map (db m69125) HM
Utah (Grand County), Moab — Dalton Wells
Civilian Conservation Corps Camp DG-32 (Co. 234) 1935-1942 During the Great Depression of the 1930s, CCC Camps were scattered all over the USA. They provided gainful employment to youth of the nation with work on public service . . . — Map (db m47587) HM
Virginia (Arlington County), Arlington National Cemetery — American Volunteer Group, China Air Task Force and the 14th Air Force
This oak tree was planted as a memorial to those who served in the American Volunteer Group, the China Air Task Force and the 14th Air Force during World War II. Dedicated by the members of the Flying Tigers of the 14th Air Force Association . . . — Map (db m11694) HM
Virginia (Arlington County), Arlington National Cemetery — Sailors, Coast Guardsmen and Marines of African and Asian-Pacific DescentCooks, Stewards, and Messmen
In memory of all U.S. Sailors, Coast Guardsmen and Marines of African and Asian-Pacific Descent who honorably served officers as cooks, stewards and messmen on U.S. Navy ships and bases and who valiantly manned battle stations during World War II . . . — Map (db m70767) HM
Washington (King County), Seattle — Chinese American Soldiers MemorialSeattle
Dedicated to American Soldiers of Chinese Ancestry in Seattle and vicinity who died in the service of their country during World War II, 1941 - 1945 [Translation in Chinese calligraphy] Yeu Louie Lee Hong Chew Bak Hong Chin John . . . — Map (db m26934) HM
Washington (King County), Seattle — Pioneer Square Historic District
[This marker is consists of seven panels and a map which deal with various aspects to the history of Pioneer Square. The panels are clustered together in Occidental Park in the heart of Seattle’s Pioneer Square Historic District.] [Panel . . . — Map (db m69830) HM
Wyoming (Carbon County), Sinclair — Rock Springs Massacre
Anglo-European Coal Miners Near Rock Springs, Wyoming... killed 26 Chinese on Thursday afternoon, September 3, 1885, and torched their nearby settlement. More than 550 other Orientals fled into the hills. Two days later, Fort Fred Steele's . . . — Map (db m89829) HM
Wyoming (Park County), Ralston — Administrative Area:Relocation Camp Administration & Governance
In front of you stood the Administration Area which consisted of an H shaped Administration building, a small building to the right of the Administration building for the Block Managers Community Council offices, and a building to the south for the . . . — Map (db m91181) HM
Wyoming (Park County), Ralston — Agriculture and Root Cellars
As you look through the site glass, you will see the only remaining root cellar of the original three. It is on private land and may not be visited. The evacuees cultivated farmland north of the living area, across the highway to the south and . . . — Map (db m91173) HM
Wyoming (Park County), Ralston — Barracks Living Area:Camp Life at Heart Mountain
You are now overlooking the entire living area of the Heart Mountain Relocation Center. More than 10,000 men, women and children lived in the area bounded on your left by at the red brick home in there distance, the hill ahead of you, the hospital . . . — Map (db m91219) HM
Wyoming (Park County), Ralston — Heart Mountain High School:Education in Camp
As you look through the site glass, you see a concrete records vault, the only remnant of the high school that stood on this ground. In early August 1942, the Heart Mountain project director hired Clifford D. Carter as superintendent and John . . . — Map (db m91194) HM
Wyoming (Park County), Ralston — Heart Mountain Relocation Center Memorial
History After the bombing of Pearl Harbor on December 7, 1941, many parts of the West Coast were declared military defense zones. The government ordered the removal of all persons of Japanese ancestry and the War Relocation Authority was . . . — Map (db m91185) HM
Wyoming (Park County), Ralston — Heart Mountain World War II Memorial
September 1985 This memorial plaque is dedicated to the more than 750 internees who left Heart Mountain to serve in the U.S. Armed Forces during World War II, and to the memory of the 15 Heart Mountaineers who gave their live for our country. . . . — Map (db m91188) HM WM
Wyoming (Park County), Ralston — Heart Mountain, Wyoming - Fall 1943
Rooted in decades of anti-Japanese and anti-Asian prejudice, the internment of 120,000 Nisei, American citizens of Japanese descent, and Issei, Japanese resident aliens, was triggered by the bombing of Pearl Harbor in Dec. 7, 1941. Initiatives . . . — Map (db m91169) HM
Wyoming (Park County), Ralston — Hospital Complex:Health Service In Relocation Center
Directly in front of you was the hospital complex. The structures remaining are the boiler house and chimney, two slabs that were warehouse foundations, one building that was the kitchen and dining room, and one building that was the ambulance . . . — Map (db m91171) HM
Wyoming (Park County), Ralston — M.P. Station, Guard Tower, Rail & Train Station
As you look through the site glass, to the left of the intersection of Highway 14A and Road 19 stood the Military Police complex and one of the guard towers. On the right side of Road 19 were the main gate and the train station. The Chicago, . . . — Map (db m91172) HM
Wyoming (Park County), Ralston — Relocation Center Support Facilities
As you look through the site glass, you see the hill where the water reservoir stood. Across Highway 14A was the water treatment plant and adjacent to the military police complex was the sewage treatment plant. Directly across the intersection in . . . — Map (db m91220) HM
Wyoming (Park County), Ralston — Swimming Hole:Recreation in Camp
As you look through the site glass, you see the camp swimming hole. After an internee Boy Scout drowned while swimming in the canal during the summer of 1943, the Administration ordered a large pit excavated just below the canal. The pit was lined . . . — Map (db m91180) HM
Wyoming (Sweetwater County), Superior — Immigrants
The people who moved into Superior were from diverse ethnic backgrounds. They came from Austria, Slovenia, England, Wales, Scotland, Germany, Italy, Japan and Greece. Other nationalities loved (sic) and worked in various Superior communities . . . — Map (db m92210) HM
Wyoming (Uinta County), Evanston — Evanston
Evanston was established by the Union Pacific Railroad Company late in 1868. In the first county election, September 6, 1870, Evanston was chosen county seat. Union Pacific Railroad shops moved here in the fall of 1871. Timber and sawmill operations . . . — Map (db m67738) HM

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