“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”

Industry & Commerce Historical Markers

9681 markers matched your search criteria. The first 200 markers are listed. Next 9481
Autauga Creek Marker (reverse) image, Click for more information
By Mark Hilton, December 17, 2013
Autauga Creek Marker (reverse)
Alabama (Autauga County), Prattville — Autauga Creek
Side 1 Water has always played a significant role in the history of Prattville. Daniel Pratt chose the location for his new town because of the proximity to Autauga Creek and the Alabama River. This area was referred to as an . . . — Map (db m70815) HM
Alabama (Autauga County), Prattville — Daniel Pratt Cemetery / George Cooke
(Front): Daniel Pratt CemeteryFinal resting place of early Alabama industrialist Daniel Pratt, 1799-1873, and wife Esther Ticknor Pratt, 1803-1875. He was from New Hampshire and she, Connecticut. Married 1827 at Fortville, Jones County, . . . — Map (db m27957) HM
Alabama (Autauga County), Prattville — Heritage Park
Located within Daniel Pratt Historic District, this park overlooks Autauga Creek and the manufacturing complex around which this New England style village developed. Daniel Pratt founded Prattville in 1839, and patterned the town after those of his . . . — Map (db m27958) HM
Alabama (Autauga County), Prattville — Old Plank RoadCirca 1840's
The plank road was constructed of large pine logs, sawed lengthwise and laid round-side down. Daniel Pratt built the road for public benefit and to provide transportation from the Pratt Cotton Gin Factory to Washington on the Alabama River. Over . . . — Map (db m27983) HM
Alabama (Autauga County), Prattville — Pratt Gin Factory — 1 mile
Once the world's largest plant manufacturing cotton gins. Founded 1833 by Daniel Pratt, the greatest industrialist of Alabama prior to 1860. Pratt's many industries were of great aid to Confederacy during Northern blockade. — Map (db m70799) HM
Alabama (Autauga County), Prattville — Pratt HomesiteCirca 1842
Daniel Pratt, Prattville’s founding father, constructed an imposing home and garden within a quarter-mile of this site on Autauga Creek, near his industrial complex. The large home was designed and erected by Pratt himself, a noted architect / . . . — Map (db m27985) HM
Alabama (Baldwin County), Stockton — Kennedy Mill, c.1811
Site of one of Alabama’s first sawmills. In 1811, Joshua Kennedy engaged Jesse Ember to build two water-powered sawmills, convertible to grist mills, for a total of $1400. The mills were operated by Kennedy through 1820; were burned twice, once by . . . — Map (db m66379) HM
Alabama (Barbour County), Blue Springs — Pea River Electric Membership Corporation
The Pea River Electric Membership Corporation was energized on this site on June 8, 1939. This rural electric cooperative was organized under an executive order signed by President F. D. Roosevelt on May 11, 1935. Rural members of Barbour, Dale . . . — Map (db m71804) HM
Alabama (Barbour County), Eufaula — Confederate Hospital
. . . — Map (db m27986) HM
Alabama (Barbour County), Eufaula — Cowikee Cotton Mills
Cowikee Cotton Mills, which operated on this site for over 100 years, was for decades Eufaula’s largest employer. The mill began in 1888 as the Eufaula Cotton Mill. In 1909 the Comer family purchased the business and renamed it Cowikee Cotton Mills. . . . — Map (db m89606) HM
Alabama (Barbour County), Eufaula — Fendall Hall / Young and DentThe Young - Dent Home
Built between 1856 and 1860 by Edward Brown Young and his wife, Ann Fendall Beall, this was one of the first of the great Italianate style homes constructed in Eufaula. It later became the home of the builders’ daughter, Anna Beall Young, and her . . . — Map (db m33759) HM
Alabama (Bibb County), Brierfield — Bibb Furnace
The Bibb County Iron Company under the direction of C. C. Huckabee of Newbern, Alabama, constructed a furnace here and poured the first iron in November 1862. Within a year, the Confederate government purchased the works and completed a second and . . . — Map (db m37090) HM
Alabama (Bibb County), Brierfield — Bibb Naval Furnaces Brierfield Furnaces— ½ mile →
. . . — Map (db m37055) HM
Alabama (Bibb County), West Blocton — Belle Ellen
One and a half miles northeast of here, the mining town of Belle Ellen was established by the Bessemer Coal, Iron and Land Company in the fall of 1895 and named for Henry F. DeBardeleben's daughter, Belle, and wife, Ellen. DeBardeleben was a noted . . . — Map (db m37226) HM
Alabama (Bibb County), West Blocton — Blocton / Blocton Coke Ovens
Blocton Centered around the coke ovens, Blocton, first called Gresham, was the Cahaba Coal Mining Company town founded by Truman H. Aldrich in 1883-84. Other company officers included W. A. Clark of Muscatine, Iowa, and Cornelius Cadle, Jr., . . . — Map (db m37228) HM
Alabama (Bibb County), West Blocton — Piper / Coleanor
Side 1 Piper The town of Piper was established in 1901 a half mile northeast of here by the Little Cahaba Coal Company, named for Oliver Hazzard Perry Piper, a partner of industrialist Henry F. DeBardeleben. Two coal mines . . . — Map (db m83225) HM
Alabama (Bibb County), West Blocton — West Blocton, Alabama
West Blocton began as a business and residential community adjoining the Cahaba Coal Mining Company's town of Blocton in 1883-84. West Blocton incorporated in 1901. Eugene D. Reynolds was the first mayor, 1901-1904, followed by Dr. L.E. Peacock, . . . — Map (db m72283) HM
Alabama (Blount County), Blount Springs — Blount Springs
Famous Health Resort 1843-1914 Here fashionable ladies and gentlemen of the South vacationed with their families. — Map (db m33782) HM
Alabama (Blount County), Oneonta — Champion Mines
John Hanby came in 1817 and found a rich seam of brown iron ore. Named Champion in 1882 when Henry DeBardeleben and James Sloss bought land and brought L&N Railroad causing county seat to be moved from Blountsville to Oneonta in 1889. Most ore was . . . — Map (db m28362) HM
Alabama (Butler County), Greenville — Pioneer Electric Cooperative
The Butler County Electric Membership Corporation was formed as a rural electric cooperative in Greenville in July 1938. The first home receiving electricity from the cooperative was located near here. The Cooperative's original Board of . . . — Map (db m70756) HM
Alabama (Butler County), Greenville — West Commerce Street Historic District/Historic Greenville Depot
Side 1 West Commerce Street Historic District The completion of the railroad in the late 1850s brought this District into being. The District grew into a major trade center between Montgomery and Mobile. The capital accumulated . . . — Map (db m70753) HM
Alabama (Calhoun County), Jacksonville — The First National Bank of Jacksonville
Since 1890 the financial interests of this area have been served by The First National Bank and its predecessor The Tredagar National Bank (an institution of the "Boom" days of Jacksonville) Organizers were Peyton Rowan, President, Jos. . . . — Map (db m29480) HM
Alabama (Calhoun County), Ohatchee — Janney Furnace
The furnace was constructed by Montgomery businessman Alfred A. Janney, reportedly using slaves brought from Tennessee by a "Dr. Smith." The furnace was completed and ready to produce pig iron when, on July 14, 1864, a Union cavalry raiding force of . . . — Map (db m25544) HM
Alabama (Chambers County), Lanett — Bluffton-Lanett, Alabama
Side 1 Known as Bluffton from about 1835-1893. Bluffton was incorporated in 1865. Name changed to Lanett, town of Lanett incorporated 1893. Its charter was approved in 1895. Early records mention academies, two near this site. The . . . — Map (db m92061) HM
Alabama (Chambers County), Valley — Fairfax Kindergarten
Built in 1916, the kindergarten was one of five original public buildings in the Fairfax Mill Village. Each mill village had an efficient, attractive, and well kept kindergarten for children ages four to six. LaFayette Lanier, Sr. was the . . . — Map (db m71634) HM
Alabama (Chambers County), Valley — West Point Manufacturing Company
Cornerstones of Chattahoochee Mfg. Co., Langdale, Ala., and Alabama & Georgia Mfg. Co., River View, Ala., were laid on August 1, 1866. Mills used Chattahoochee River water power for operation of spindles and looms. Planters and businessmen of . . . — Map (db m71637) HM
Alabama (Cherokee County), Cedar Bluff — Cornwall Furnace
The Confederate States of America in 1862 commissioned the Noble Brothers of Rome, Georgia to erect a cold blast furnace to produce needed pig iron for the war effort. The skilled labor was detailed from Confederate army personnel. It is . . . — Map (db m83267) HM
Alabama (Chilton County), Verbena — Mitchell Dam
Named by the Board of Directors of Alabama Power Company to honor James Mitchell President 1912-1920 Major modifications to this project were completed in 1985. Three new generating units with a total capacity of 150,000 . . . — Map (db m72486) HM
Alabama (Choctaw County), Gilbertown — First Oil Well In Alabama
On January 2, 1944, the State of Alabama granted Hunt Oil Company a permit to drill the A.R. Jackson Well No. 1 at this location near Gilbertown. Hunt Oil Company was owned by the famous oil man, H.L. Hunt of Dallas, Texas. Drilling commenced on . . . — Map (db m80351) HM
Alabama (Clarke County), Coffeeville — Clarke-Washington Electric Membership Corporation
The Clarke-Washington Electric Membership Corporation was organized near this site on March 2, 1936, by some 83 members from Clarke and Washington Counties. This was the first rural electric cooperative organized in Alabama under an executive order . . . — Map (db m80356) HM
Alabama (Clay County), Ashland — Ashland, Alabama
Side 1 Clay County was formed by an act of the Alabama General Assembly on December 7, 1866. Less than a year later, Ashland was established as the county seat on land donated by Hollingsworth Watts for the construction of a . . . — Map (db m95087) HM
Alabama (Coffee County), Enterprise — Boll Weevil MonumentDecember 11, 1919
In profound appreciation of the Boll Weevil and what it has done as the Herald of Prosperity this monument was erected by the Citizens of Enterprise, Coffee County, Alabama — Map (db m30306) HM
Alabama (Coffee County), Enterprise — Enterprise Depot
This building was built in 1903 with additions in 1916 and 1997. The first freight shipments and passengers came here on the Alabama Midland railroad in 1898 immediately after construction of the roadbed. That was also the year when most of the . . . — Map (db m30307) HM
Alabama (Coffee County), Enterprise — Rawls Hotel
Original two-story brick structure built 1903 by Japheth Rawls, developer of some of earliest turpentine plants in Coffee County. Building remodeled 1928 and three-story wings added by Jesse P. Rawls, founder of first electric power system in . . . — Map (db m30308) HM
Alabama (Colbert County), Cherokee — Levi Colbert Stand
Levi Colbert, a Chickasaw Chief, operated a stand near here that served Old Trace travelers in the early 1800's. Adjacent to this area was a spring which provided an abundant water supply. — Map (db m84708) HM
Alabama (Colbert County), Sheffield — Furnace Hill
Center of Industry for new town of Sheffield. Five blast furnaces with 75 ft stacks build 1886~1895 1/2 mile west. Promoted by E. W. Cole and E. Ensley. Iron ore and limestone from Franklin Co., coke from Walker Co. and Virginia used. Hattie Ensley . . . — Map (db m28428) HM
Alabama (Colbert County), Sheffield — History of Sheffield
Side A Prehistoric man arrived in this area bout 10,000 years ago. Later Indian cultures left many stone artifacts and pottery vessels. In the 1780s, a French trading post and Indian village were located near the mouth of Spring Creek. . . . — Map (db m83389) HM
Alabama (Colbert County), Sheffield — The Singing River SculptureIn Sheffield, Alabama
This sculpture is dedicated to the many individuals whose efforts made Sheffield and the Muscle Shoals area the “Hit Recording Capitol of the World,” and to those continue that legacy. Legend of the Singing River The Yuchi and . . . — Map (db m95130) HM
Alabama (Colbert County), Sheffield — Village One
Front In 1918, during World War I, the U.S. Government built this unique village of 85 bungalows, school, and officers barracks to house personnel at nearby Nitrate Plant No. 1. Prefabricated and standard size materials were used in . . . — Map (db m88110) HM
Alabama (Conecuh County), Midway — Midway
Midway was one of the first settlements established in Conecuh County along the Post Road which later became the Old Federal Road. Long serving as a hub for Indian trails branching out to the north, northeast and northwest, the Midway town site once . . . — Map (db m81277) HM
Alabama (Covington County), Opp — The Depot / Opp, Alabama
The Depot In 1900, the L&N Railroad won the right to establish the railroad through this area. The town is named for Henry Opp, who represented L&N in successful legal negotiations. The coming of the railroad consolidated the surrounding areas . . . — Map (db m39777) HM
Alabama (Covington County), River Falls — The Horseshoe Lumber Company / River Falls Power Company
(side A) The Horseshoe Lumber Company E.L. More, president of the A&F Division of the L&N Railroad, arrived in River Falls from Nashville in 1897 to spearhead the construction of a branch line of the L&N. Recognizing a business . . . — Map (db m83458) HM
Alabama (Dallas County), Cahaba — Cahaba Drug Store
The Cahaba Drug Store once covered this cellar hole. It was operated by Herbert Hudson and J. D. Craig. On the same lot were T. L. Craig's large family grocery, Coleman's dry goods store, and Fellows' Jewelry. All these men were related . . . — Map (db m23008) HM
Alabama (Dallas County), Cahaba — Commissary - R.R. Depot
This cellar was under Joseph Babcock's brick store. During the Civil War the building was used as a commissary. Babcock's warehouse and cotton shed were located to your right on the bluff overlooking the river. The family home, kitchen, and . . . — Map (db m23287) HM
Alabama (Dallas County), Cahaba — Crocheron's Row
A "row" was a 19th century shopping mall. The word was used when a building or block had several similar storefronts arranged in a straight line or row. This cellar marks the spot where David and Nicholas Crocheron built a large 2 story brick . . . — Map (db m83509) HM
Alabama (Dallas County), Cahaba — Perine Well
This artesian well was drilled to serve a factory which did not materialize. It was then used to water the grounds, a garden and pastures. In addition, by forcing water through pipes into his $50,000 home, E. M. Perine, a merchant prince, had the . . . — Map (db m83518) HM
Alabama (Dallas County), Cahaba — The Old Brick Store
By 1858 many brick stores had been built in Cahaba, so everyone called this the "old brick store." Merchant Sam M. Hill turned the building into one huge dry goods store where shoppers could buy just about anything! Col. Hill, like most of the . . . — Map (db m23242) HM
Alabama (Dallas County), Cahaba — Vine Street
Vine Street was Cahawba's business district. Stores, offices and hotels were tightly packed together along these three blocks. Homes were scattered over an entire square mile. Nearly every house had a yard of one or two acres. — Map (db m83520) HM
Alabama (Dallas County), Selma — Arsenal Anvil
Anvil used in Selma’s Confederate Arsenal to make armament for Southern forces. Presented to Sturdivant Museum Association April 1, 1961 by the Southern Railway Company which as the Selma, Rome and Dalton Railroad Company purchased the anvil . . . — Map (db m37690) HM
Alabama (Dallas County), Selma — Joe T. Pilcher, Jr.1929 - 1987
. . . — Map (db m92372) HM
Alabama (Dallas County), Selma — St. James HotelHeadquarters of General James H. Wilson — Battle of Selma
following the Battle of Selma, April 2, 1865. This occupation protected the hotel from the arson and looting in the first 24 hours that destroyed much of downtown. In the next week Wilson methodically burned the huge military/industrial complex that . . . — Map (db m80792) HM
Alabama (Dallas County), Selma — Water Avenue
Selma’s Water Avenue is one of the finest surviving examples of a 19th century riverfront street in the south. Located here are structures which reflect the architectural trends in commercial buildings from 1830 to 1900. This was the main . . . — Map (db m37669) HM
Alabama (DeKalb County), Fort Payne — Boom Town Historic District
Around 1889-1891 Fort Payne experienced a great industrial boom due to promotion by New England investors who speculated greatly on the area’s mineral deposits. During this period several highly ornate commercial and civic buildings, along with the . . . — Map (db m28027) HM
Alabama (DeKalb County), Valley Head — Former Site Of Battelle
Former Site Of Battelle Thriving iron ore and coal mining community of early 1900’s established by Colonel John Gordon Battelle five miles north of Valley Head. — Map (db m61018) HM
Alabama (Elmore County), Tallassee — Brigadier General Birkett Davenport Fry, CSA / Tallassee Confederate Officers Quarters
Side 1 Brigadier General Birkett Davenport Fry, CSA (1822-1891) In his lifetime General Birkett D. Fry was a cadet at Virginia Military Institute and West Point; 1st Lt. (U.S. Infantry) in Mexican War; lawyer in California; . . . — Map (db m95112) HM
Alabama (Escambia County), Atmore — Canoe Station
Settled by A.J. Hall in 1852 and occupied by Confederate troops because of its value as a railroad stop during the War Between the States (1861-65), Canoe was the site of a March 27, 1865 encampment of Union forces. The 1870s brought expansion . . . — Map (db m72265) HM
Alabama (Escambia County), Atmore — Williams Station, Alabama 1866-1897 / Atmore Alabama
Side 1 Williams Station, Alabama 1866-1897 Creek Indians lived in these parts some 200 years before trains began stopping here in 1866 to leave supplies for a farmer, William Larkin Williams, who lived nearby. Workers, who came first . . . — Map (db m72260) HM
Alabama (Escambia County), Brewton — Bank of Brewton
Side A Recognized as “Alabama’s Oldest Bank,” the Bank of Brewton opened for business on Monday, January 7, 1899. Brewton, Alabama was a prosperous town in the late 1800s. A local resident, Charles Sowell, participated in the . . . — Map (db m39025) HM
Alabama (Escambia County), Brewton — Burnt Corn Park Cistern(Water Tank)
Side 1 This tank was used to hold water for the City of Brewton Electric Light and Water Works Fire Protection System and was built circa early 1890's. This location was originally the Blacksher Miller Lumber Company, which became . . . — Map (db m94172) HM
Alabama (Escambia County), Brewton — Southern Pine Electric Membership Corporation
The Southern Pine Electric Membership Corporation was energized at this site on September 12, 1939, sending electric power flowing into 75 homes and businesses in rural areas of Escambia, Conecuh, Monroe and Baldwin Counties for the first time. The . . . — Map (db m84372) HM
Alabama (Escambia County), Flomaton — Flomaton, Alabama
Front As railroads were reconstructed following the Civil War, a junction of north-south and east-west lines was established along the Alabama-Florida border near the confluence of Big Escambia Creek and the Conecuh-Escambia River. A . . . — Map (db m47484) HM
Alabama (Etowah County), Alabama City — Howard Gardner Nichols 1871-1896Scholar, Engineer, Industrialist, Naturalist, Humanitarian
Nichols came to Alabama City in 1894 to supervise construction of the Dwight Manufacturing Company. While serving as the mill's first agent, he planned and began a model mill village and was elected Mayor of Alabama City. — Map (db m18578) HM
Alabama (Etowah County), Attalla — Electricity for the City of Attalla
In the fall of 1902, Captain William Patrick Lay, of Gadsden, began construction of a small hydro electric generating plant at the site of Wesson Mill on Big Wills Creek, just southwest of Attalla. The plant was constructed, in Lay’s words, . . . — Map (db m83730) HM
Alabama (Etowah County), Attalla — William Patrick Lay(1853-1940)
William Patrick Lay (1853-1940), founder of Alabama Power Company, built his first hydroelectric plant on Big Wills Creek about 2 miles east on Simmons Lane. Lay purchased the Old Wesson Mill in 1902 and built a small hydroelectric generating . . . — Map (db m73995) HM
Alabama (Etowah County), Gadsden — Dwight Mill Village
Dwight Manufacturing Company of Chicopee, Massachusetts selected this site in Alabama City for a cotton mill in 1894. The Mill and the village covering 240 acres was constructed under the direction of Howard Gardner Nichols. There were 160 . . . — Map (db m18575) HM
Alabama (Etowah County), Gadsden — Gadsden, Alabama
Side A: In the early 1840’s, John S. Moragne, along with Gabriel and Joseph Hughes, began surveying for a city on the banks of the Coosa River near the settlement of Double Springs. The new city would be located on 120 acres of land at the . . . — Map (db m39139) HM
Alabama (Franklin County), Red Bay — Bay Theater
T. A. Wilson built the theater in 1927. Since Red Bay had no electricity at that time, he used a Delco System. Shortly after, electricity became available and he had to switch from Delco to Alabama Power. When he first started in the business, he . . . — Map (db m83742) HM
Alabama (Franklin County), Red Bay — Red Bay Depot & Hotel
The Depot The Depot, a treasured landmark in the history and growth of Red Bay, was built by Illinois Central Railroad in 1907. The trains provided a lifeline for towns like Red Bay. They brought necessities like sugar, flour, cheese, canned . . . — Map (db m83746) HM
Alabama (Franklin County), Red Bay — Red Bay Ice and Gin Company
In Red Bay's early years, ice was shipped by freight train to Red Bay. The ice was buried in sawdust to keep it from melting until all had been sold. On the day the ice arrived, the freight car was put on a sidetrack, emptied, and later picked up by . . . — Map (db m83747) HM
Alabama (Franklin County), Red Bay — Yarber Grist Mill
Yarber Grist Mill opened for business in February 1933, in a tin building on Main Street in downtown Red Bay. Preston Yarber, owner and operator, had moved to Red Bay from Belmont early in January that same year. The mill was located across the . . . — Map (db m83749) HM
Alabama (Hale County), Greensboro — Gayle - Tunstall House
Built in 1828-29 by John Gayle, sixth governor of Alabama. Birthplace of Amelia Gayle Gorgas, wife of Gen. Josiah Gorgas, Chief of Ordnance, CSA, mother of Wm. Crawford Gorgas, US Surgeon General who freed Canal Zone of yellow fever. . . . — Map (db m83754) HM
Alabama (Henry County), Headland — Head's Land Yielded Fruits of Success
Begun on 160 acres of land owned by Dr. Joshua Head, "Head's Land," or Headland, was established in 1871, incorporated as a town in 1884 and a city in 1893. The land itself yielded the city's first industry. Due to the abundance of pine trees, . . . — Map (db m71816) HM
Alabama (Henry County), Newville — Newville, Alabama / Newville Pioneers
Side 1 Newville, Alabama James Madison Wells founded a village called Wells circa 1882. When Abbeville Southern Railroad laid tracks through the town in 1893, its name was changed to Wells Station. The post office was built in . . . — Map (db m71810) HM
Alabama (Houston County), Columbia — Columbia, Alabama
Founded in 1820, Columbia was originally located about a mile south, near where the Omussee Creek flows into the Chattahoochee River. It served as the county seat of Henry County from 1826 to 1833. Bordering the State of Georgia and the . . . — Map (db m73364) HM
Alabama (Houston County), Columbia — Old Columbia Jail / Columbia
(side 1) Old Columbia Jail Erected sometime in the early 1860's, the Old Columbia Jail is today one of the last wooden jails still standing in Alabama. Originally, there were two cells, each measuring 10 x 15 feet. Interior . . . — Map (db m73368) HM
Alabama (Houston County), Cottonwood — Cottonwood, Alabama
In April 1903, the Town of Cottonwood was incorporated, making it the first town established in Houston County. The town's name may have come from either Mr. Wood, an influential land owner, or from the softwood trees growing in the area. General . . . — Map (db m73381) HM
Alabama (Jackson County), Paint Rock — The History of Paint Rock, Alabama / Paint Rock Arrests in 1931 Began 'Scottsboro Boys' Cases
(side 1) The History of Paint Rock, Alabama Originally Camden circa 1830, the post office was renamed Redman in 1846 and became Paint Rock on May 17, 1860. After the Memphis and Charleston Railroad Co. built a depot and water . . . — Map (db m69756) HM
Alabama (Jefferson County), Bessemer — Bright Star / Koikos Restaurant"Alabama's Oldest Restaurant" / "An American Classic"
Bright Star In 1907, Greek immigrant Tom Bonduris invested his savings and opened a small cafe with only a horseshoe shaped bar at First Avenue and 21st Street in Bessemer, Alabama. Outgrowing three locations, the Bright Star moved to this . . . — Map (db m83797) HM
Alabama (Jefferson County), Birmingham — 4th Avenue District
The Fourth Avenue "Strip" thrived during a time when downtown privileges for blacks were limited. Although blacks could shop at some white-owned stores, they did not share the same privileges and services as white customers, so they created tailor . . . — Map (db m26985) HM
Alabama (Jefferson County), Birmingham — A New CityBuilding early Birmingham
The arrival of two railroad lines in Jones Valley opened nearby deposits of iron ore, limestone, and coal to commercial development and helped make Birmingham one of the great industrial cities of the post Civil War South. In 1871, the year of . . . — Map (db m69018) HM
Alabama (Jefferson County), Birmingham — Before Birmingham: Jones Valley
Red Mountain, where you are standing, and Jones Valley, which stretches before you, were sites of human activity long before Birmingham's founding in 1871. Native American presence Recorded history and archaeological evidence indicate the . . . — Map (db m83805) HM
Alabama (Jefferson County), Birmingham — Belview Heights Neighborhood
The Corey Land Company, a group of prominent local businessmen headed by Robert Jemison, Jr., developed Belview Heights as a neighborhood for the professional employees of U.S. Steel in the 1910's. Extending the grid system being used in Ensley over . . . — Map (db m24351) HM
Alabama (Jefferson County), Birmingham — Birmingham District Minerals
The availability of seemingly limitless mineral resources was the key to the success of the Birmingham District, an area defined by geologic deposits that span five counties (Jefferson, Shelby, Tuscaloosa, Walker and Bibb). Some of the minerals . . . — Map (db m69026) HM
Alabama (Jefferson County), Birmingham — Birmingham Water Works Company (1887) / Cahaba Pumping Station (1890)
Side A The Elyton Land Company, which had founded the city of Birmingham in 1871, established a subsidiary, the Birmingham Water Works Company in 1887. Dr. Henry M. Caldwell, President of the Elyton Land Company, contracted with Judge A. O. . . . — Map (db m83806) HM
Alabama (Jefferson County), Birmingham — BoilersSloss Furnaces National Historic Landmark
The Process The boiler was the source of power for most of Sloss. The boilers burned blast furnace gas to provide the heat necessary for converting water into steam. The steam produced here powered the blowing engines and turbo-blowers, the . . . — Map (db m43728) HM
Alabama (Jefferson County), Birmingham — Brock Drugs Building
The Brock building was established in 1915, located at the intersection of Fourth Avenue and 18th Street North, was built while the area was residential. The three-story building housed a hotel upstairs that catered to professional musicians and . . . — Map (db m26723) HM
Alabama (Jefferson County), Birmingham — Building The ParkVisiting the Park — Restoring Vulcan Park
Side 1 - Building the Park In the mid-1930’s, civic leaders worked to move Vulcan to a place of honor on Red Mountain. The park was built through the combined efforts of several groups: the Kiwanis Club of Birmingham, the Birmingham Parks . . . — Map (db m83807) HM
Alabama (Jefferson County), Birmingham — Casting PigsSloss Furnaces National Historic Landmark
The Process The technology of casting molten iron into bars called pigs changed dramatically over the years. Prior to 1931 casting at Sloss took place inside the cast shed. Men cut molds into the sand floor of the shed, allowing the . . . — Map (db m69083) HM
Alabama (Jefferson County), Birmingham — Clark Building
This building was constructed in 1908 by Louis V. Clark (1862-1934), who also built the historic Lyric Theater located nearby on 18th Street. The Clark Theater on Caldwell Park is named in honor of Mr. Clark’s generosity to the Birmingham Little . . . — Map (db m27515) HM
Alabama (Jefferson County), Birmingham — Dewberry Drugs and Phenix Insurance Company Buildings
The two commercial buildings on this corner lot are some of the earliest surviving business houses in Birmingham. The Dewberry building appeared on the corner about 1881, and it housed the first and longest surviving drug store in the city, starting . . . — Map (db m36740) HM
Alabama (Jefferson County), Birmingham — Five Points South
This neighborhood developed in the 1880s as one of Birmingham's first streetcar suburbs. It was the Town of Highlands from 1887 to 1893, when it became part of the City of Birmingham. The heart of the neighborhood was Five Points Circle, a major . . . — Map (db m83829) HM
Alabama (Jefferson County), Birmingham — Fourth Avenue Historic District.
Marker front: Prior to 1900 a "black business district" did not exist in Birmingham. In a pattern characteristic of Southern cities found during Reconstruction, black businesses developed alongside those of whites in many sections of the . . . — Map (db m83830) HM
Alabama (Jefferson County), Birmingham — Fraternal Hotel Building
The Fraternal Hotel Building was built in 1925. Some of the businesses that were located in this building included: 1925 - 1980 Fraternal Hotel 1925 - 1970 Fraternal Café 1950 - 1966 Monroe Steak House 1985 - 1994 Grand Lodge Knights of . . . — Map (db m27518) HM
Alabama (Jefferson County), Birmingham — Green Acres Café1705 - 4th Avenue, North
Businesses that occupied this building between 1908 - 1970 1908 - 1913 Southern Bell Telephone Company Stockroom 1915 - 1926 OK French Dry Cleaning Company 1927 - 1938 George Kanelis Billiards 1940 - 1945 Alex’s Steak House 1946 - . . . — Map (db m27521) HM
Alabama (Jefferson County), Birmingham — IndustryIron and steeel manufacturing
Heavy industry, the reason for Birmingham’s founding, is still an economic force here today. Foundries and pipe plants dot the landscape, the railroad runs through the city’s center, and steam rises periodically in the distance from the quenching of . . . — Map (db m69019) HM
Alabama (Jefferson County), Birmingham — IronmakingSloss Furnaces National Historic Landmark
The Industry That Built A City The minerals needed to make iron-iron ore, coal, and limestone-are abundant in the Birmingham area, and for ninety years men turned these materials into pig iron at Sloss. Sloss pig iron was sold to foundries, . . . — Map (db m43973) HM
Alabama (Jefferson County), Birmingham — Mineral Railroad Trestle
The railroad trestle support wall across the road is a remnant of L&N's 156-mile Mineral Railroad, the backbone of the local iron industry. This segment ran along the north edge of Vulcan Park on its route around the Birmingham District, linking . . . — Map (db m83831) HM
Alabama (Jefferson County), Birmingham — Morris Avenue Historic District / Elyton Land Company (Successor, Birmingham Realty Co.)
Created 1972 by the Jefferson County Historical Commission, the district is based on this avenue. Morris Avenue was named for one of the founders of Birmingham, Josiah Morris, who paid $100,000 for 4,157 acres of the original site of the city in . . . — Map (db m27156) HM
Alabama (Jefferson County), Birmingham — North Birmingham
On October 1, 1886, the North Birmingham Land Company was formed to develop a planned industrial and residential town on 900 acres of land, formerly part of the Alfred Nathaniel Hawkins plantation north of Village Creek. The plan included sites for . . . — Map (db m26700) HM
Alabama (Jefferson County), Birmingham — Oldest House In Shades Valley / Irondale Furnace CommissaryCummings - Eastis - Beaumont House
The original log structure was built c. 1820 - 1830, with the board and batten addition dating to as late as the 1860s. The log cabin was at first one and one-half stories and is believed to be the oldest structure in Shades Valley. Members of the . . . — Map (db m26697) HM
Alabama (Jefferson County), Birmingham — Oxmoor Iron Furnaces1863 - 1928
First blast furnace in Jefferson County erected near this site (1863) by Red Mountain Coal and Iron Co. Destroyed (1865) by Federal troops: rebuilt (1873) and second furnace added. Successful experimental run made in Furnace No. 2 (1876) using local . . . — Map (db m27280) HM
Alabama (Jefferson County), Birmingham — SlagSloss Furnaces National Historic Landmark
In addition to making iron the furnace produced a molten waste called slag. Workers drained off the slag periodically through the cinder notch, a hole at the base of the furnace. After processing, the slag was sold for use in road building and in . . . — Map (db m83839) HM
Alabama (Jefferson County), Birmingham — Sloss Furnaces
The crossing of railroads in 1872 adjacent to this site gave rise to the industrial city of Birmingham. In 1881 Alabama railroad magnate and entrepreneur James Withers Sloss, capitalizing on the unusual coincidence of coal, iron ore and limestone in . . . — Map (db m23498) HM
Alabama (Jefferson County), Birmingham — Stock Trestle/TunnelSloss Furnaces National Historic Landmark
Construction of the stock trestle/tunnel complex was part of the extensive modernization that Sloss carried out between 1927 and 1931. Much of the work focused on mechanizing the charging operations and equipment—the stock trestle/tunnel . . . — Map (db m69077) HM
Alabama (Jefferson County), Birmingham — The Berry Project
This row of buildings from 2009 to 2017 Second Avenue dates from the early years of the 20th century and has undergone a variety of changes and modernizations over the years. Originally part of a larger building that burned in 1944 (now the site of . . . — Map (db m38563) HM
Alabama (Jefferson County), Birmingham — The Blast FurnaceSloss Furnaces National Historic Landmark
In the blast furnace the combination of iron ore, flux (limestone and/or dolomite), coke, and hot air produced molten iron and two waste products: molten slag and blast furnace gas. The molten products collected in the bottom of the furnace and . . . — Map (db m69078) HM
Alabama (Jefferson County), Birmingham — The Blowing Engine RoomSloss Furnaces National Historic Landmark
The blast furnace required a tremendous amount of air - about two tons for every ton of iron produced. These three rooms, known collectively as the blower building, house the equipment used to pump air to the furnaces. Workers called this blast of . . . — Map (db m43628) HM
Alabama (Jefferson County), Birmingham — The Coe House1908
John Valentine Coe, president of Birmingham Lumber and Coal Company, commissioned this two-story Craftsman-Tudor Revival style house in 1908. Coe, who had previously been a lumber merchant in Selma, moved his family and business to Birmingham at the . . . — Map (db m83858) HM
Alabama (Jefferson County), Birmingham — The Gas SystemSloss Furnaces National Historic Landmark
The Gas System Gas produced in the furnace as a by-product of the ironmaking process was used in the plant as fuel. A large pipe called the downcomer carried gas from the top of the furnace to the gas cleaning equipment, which removed the . . . — Map (db m43669) HM
Alabama (Jefferson County), Birmingham — The Heaviest Corner On Earth
At the turn of the 20th century, Birmingham was a small town of two and three story buildings with a few church steeples punctuating the skyline. During the industrial boom from 1902 to 1912 which made Birmingham the largest city in the state. Four . . . — Map (db m27500) HM
Alabama (Jefferson County), Birmingham — The Iron Man: Vulcan
The giant, cast iron statue you see towering above you is Vulcan, the Roman god of metalwork and the forge. The 56-foot tall statue was commissioned by Birmingham leaders to represent their new, growing city at the 1904 St. Louis World's Fair. After . . . — Map (db m26297) HM
Alabama (Jefferson County), Birmingham — The Lone Pine Mine
You are standing in front of the entrance to Lone Pine Mine Number 3. This mine is one of over one hundred ore mines on Red Mountain that were active between 1860 and 1960.
In the early twentieth century, iron ore was extracted from this . . . — Map (db m83859) HM
Alabama (Jefferson County), Birmingham — The Stock TrestleSloss Furnaces National Historic Landmark
The raw materials for making iron—iron ore, limestone and dolomite, and coke—came to Sloss by railroad and were stored in the stock bins below. An inclined, steam-driven "skip hoist" carried the stock to the top of the furnace and . . . — Map (db m83861) HM
Alabama (Jefferson County), Birmingham — Title Building
Designed by William C. Weston and erected in 1902, the Title Building was the second skyscraper built in Birmingham. It was the first building to supply its tenants with electric power with its own power-generating plant and the water supply was . . . — Map (db m27501) HM
Alabama (Jefferson County), Birmingham — United States Pipe and Foundry Company
On March 3, 1899, the United States Pipe and Foundry Company was incorporated consolidating 14 iron and steel foundries in 9 states. One of these foundries, the Howard-Harrison Iron Company of Bessemer, was founded in 1889. In 1911, the Dimmick Pipe . . . — Map (db m27526) HM
Alabama (Jefferson County), Birmingham — Wilson's RaidersHeadquarters March 28-31, 1865
Gen. James H. Wilson, USA, having crossed the Tennessee River with a large force of well equipped cavalry, grouped them here at Elyton. Their mission: to destroy Alabama's economic facilities for supporting the War. From these headquarters he . . . — Map (db m24358) HM
Alabama (Jefferson County), Birmingham — Zion Memorial Gardens
Mt. Zion Baptist Church began burying here in the mid-1800s. On June 2, 1970, New Grace Hill Cemetery, Inc., a subsidiary of the Booker T. Washington Insurance Company in Birmingham, purchased this cemetery and officially named it Zion Memorial . . . — Map (db m35602) HM
Alabama (Jefferson County), Birmington — Vulcan Statue
When it was first proposed in 1905 that Vulcan be placed on Red Mountain, the time was not right for such a move. But by 1935 when the idea for Vulcan Park was proposed, iron ore mining had ceased here, the mineral railroad had been abandoned and . . . — Map (db m95335) HM
Alabama (Jefferson County), Brookside — Brookside's Unique Heritage / Brookside Russian Orthodox Church
(side A) Brookside's Unique Heritage Originally settled by the Samuel and Mary “Polly” Fields family in the 1820s, Brookside enjoyed a quiet life as an agricultural community until industrialists discovered rich coal . . . — Map (db m43223) HM
Alabama (Jefferson County), Fultondale — None — Black Creek Park, Five Mile Creek Greenway Partnership and the Fultondale Coke Oven Park
Black Creek Park, part of the Five Mile Creek Greenway Partnership, encompasses the Fultondale Coke Oven Park development. The Fultondale Coke Oven Park preserves the environment and history of the old mining communities of north Birmingham, . . . — Map (db m50823) HM
Alabama (Jefferson County), Graysville — Downtown Graysville
(side A) In the latter 1800s and early 1900s, the city of Graysville was called Gin Town. Because Graysville had the only cotton gin for miles around, the town and community grew. As the community grew, the need for businesses and houses of . . . — Map (db m43221) HM
Alabama (Jefferson County), Homewood — Hallman Hill
In the early 1900's, among the many craftsmen who migrated south to build the booming industrial cities was Swedish brick mason A. G. Hallman. Hallman moved from the Lake Michigan area and purchased an acre of farmland along the north side of Oxmoor . . . — Map (db m26986) HM
Alabama (Jefferson County), Homewood — Hollywood / Hollywood Town Hall / Hollywood Country Club
Clyde Nelson, born in Columbiana, Alabama, was only 26 when he began development of the Town of Hollywood in 1926. With a sales force of 75 and the slogan "Out of the smoke zone, into the ozone" his beautiful community soon took shape. Homes were . . . — Map (db m27091) HM
Alabama (Jefferson County), Hoover — Brock’s Gap / Historic Gateway To BirminghamThe South and North Railroad Cut.
In 1858, the State of Alabama, wanting to develop coal and iron industries in Jefferson County, Had John T. Milner survey Shades Mountain for the most practical route for the South and North Railroad to cross. He selected Brock's Gap, named for . . . — Map (db m26773) HM
Alabama (Jefferson County), Hoover — Founding Of Hoover
The City of Hoover has grown rapidly since its incorporation in 1967 from a small four block area west of this site. A metal shed behind Employers Ins. Co. became the first fire station and “city hall.” A bank, grocery, hardware, drug . . . — Map (db m28448) HM
Alabama (Jefferson County), Hoover — Ross Bridge
In 1858 James Taylor Ross, a Scotchman, migrated to the South, acquired land and homesteaded in what is now Shades Valley. He provided land for the construction of a railway, including a bridge spanning Ross Creek. After the Ross family moved . . . — Map (db m27302) HM
Alabama (Jefferson County), Leeds — John HenryLedgendary 'Steel Drivin' Man'
The story of "steel driving' man" John Henry is one of America's most enduring legends. The strong ex-slave became a folk hero during construction of the Columbus & Western Railroad between Goodwater and Birmingham. He drilled holes for explosives . . . — Map (db m22207) HM
Alabama (Jefferson County), Mountain Brook — America's First Office Park
In 1955, Ervin Jackson and Newman H. Waters developed the first office park in the United States. Since 1871 office buildings had been located in downtown Birmingham so the concept of thousands of workers coming to a suburban work-place was a . . . — Map (db m83252) HM
Alabama (Jefferson County), Mountain Brook — Mountain Brook
In 1821 the first settlers came to this area, later called Waddell. Large numbers of people first migrated here in 1863 with the construction of the Irondale Furnace. Destroyed in the Civil War, the furnace was rebuilt and operated from 1867 to . . . — Map (db m26769) HM
Alabama (Jefferson County), Mountain Brook — Wallace S. McElwain / Irondale Furnace Ruins
Wallace S. McElwain (1832-1888)McElwain trained in a gun factory in New York and in a foundry in Ohio before moving to Holly Springs, MS, where he operated Jones, McElwain and Company Iron Foundry. He was well known in the Southeast for his . . . — Map (db m26266) HM
Alabama (Jefferson County), Mulga — Historic Lakeview Cemetery
This cemetery is owned by St. John Baptist Church in Edgewater and operated by Scott-McPherson Funeral Home, Inc. US Steel Corporation previously owned the area and it is historically associated with the Edgewater Mining Camp community established . . . — Map (db m37221) HM
Alabama (Jefferson County), Pinson — Pinson, Alabama
Pinson, one of Alabama’s oldest communities, was settled by General Andrew Jackson’s soldiers in the early 1800s, after victory at Horseshoe Bend during the War of 1812. The community was originally known as Hagood’s Crossroads for settler Zachariah . . . — Map (db m88406) HM
Alabama (Jefferson County), Tarrant — Tarrant City HallOriginally the Main Office for National Cast Iron Pipe Company
Front: A pipe foundry was established in 1912 by the following founders, A. H. Ford, F. M. Jackson, E. E. Linthicum, Charles Green and Charles Day. Originally the main office was located approximately 100 yards west of this building. The . . . — Map (db m83928) HM
Alabama (Jefferson County), Trussville — Trussville Furnace1889-1919
Operated on this site under the ownership of seven companies to produce foundry pig iron. Supplied pig iron during World War 1. Closed for the last time in the Spring of 1919. Dismantled in 1933, and the land sold in 1935 for a Federal Housing . . . — Map (db m26229) HM
Alabama (Jefferson County), Trussville — Trussville, Alabama
Trussville was settled between 1816 and 1819 by a few settlers from the Carolinas prior to Alabama becoming the 22nd state in December 1819. The First Baptist Church, Cahaba, was organized in 1821. Trussville’s first postmaster in 1833 was Arthur . . . — Map (db m34338) HM
Alabama (Lamar County), Sulligent — Birth of Sulligent
Side 1 In April 1886, railroad prospectors were traveling up the Butahatchie Valley in Lamar County, Alabama, Moscow beat, and securing right of way for a railroad to be built that would connect Birmingham, Alabama and Memphis, . . . — Map (db m96472) HM
Alabama (Lauderdale County), Florence — Ante-Bellum Cotton Mills 1840
About one mile west of here is the site of the Globe Cotton Factory which was erected on Cypress Creek in 1840. By 1857 its operations included three cotton mills, a flour mill, and two corn mills, all powered by the use of three dams. By 1860 the . . . — Map (db m83938) HM
Alabama (Lauderdale County), Florence — Cotton and Textile Mills(1822 to early 20th Century)
A cotton mill was established near this site in 1822. Although short~lived, it was the forerunner of other cotton and textile factories located in this area during the late 19th and early 20th centuries. Cherry Cotton Mill began operations on nearby . . . — Map (db m48600) HM
Alabama (Lauderdale County), Florence — East Florence Historic District
The East Florence business area began in the industrial boom of the 1880s and 1890s and continued its development through the 1920s. Originally known as "Sweetwater", the small locally owned firms were established to serve the growing population . . . — Map (db m35769) HM
Alabama (Lauderdale County), Florence — Edward Stanley RobbinsCity of Florence Walk of Honor
Well-known throughout the nation and the world for his innovative work with rubber and vinyl, E. Stanley Robbins supplied rubber inner tubes, retread rubber and, later synthetic rubber for the Armed Forces in WW II. — Map (db m38646) HM
Alabama (Lauderdale County), Florence — Ezra Lee CulverCity of Florence Walk of Honor
With a fourth grade education, Ezra Culver employed his own innovative concrete process in major 20th century projects. His construction experience included work on Yankee Stadium, Lincoln Tunnel and the Florida Keys bridges. — Map (db m29269) HM
Alabama (Lauderdale County), Florence — Florence Wagon Company
Moved here from Atlanta in 1889, this industry made Florence a household word throughout the South. It was the largest wagon factory in the South, reportedly second largest in U.S. with 250 employees and annual production of 12,000 wagons. World War . . . — Map (db m35772) HM
Alabama (Lauderdale County), Florence — Frank Perron AchornCity of Florence Walk of Honor
In 1947 Frank Achorn began his successful work as a chemical engineer in 45 states and 40 countries to feed the hungry of the world through increased crop yields. He later secured eight patents related to the fertilizer industry. — Map (db m56373) HM
Alabama (Lauderdale County), Killen — Town of KillenEstablished 1896
[Side 1:] The area known as Killen in Lauderdale County, was settled in the early 1800s. In 1826, Joseph Mason was appointed the first postmaster of the new community called Masonville, later to become Killen. The post office existed . . . — Map (db m35169) HM
Alabama (Lauderdale County), Rogersville — Heritage Park
Side A The settlement of what is now eastern Lauderdale County (known as "Over Elk)" by non-Native Americans commenced by 1807. Federal land sales were held in Huntsville during the spring of 1818. Although much of the land was described . . . — Map (db m84296) HM
Alabama (Lawrence County), Courtland — A Cotton Kingdom
Side A A combination of rich soil, mild climate and ready access to market via river and later railroad made Courtland an early center of cotton production. From surrounding plantations with colorful names like Bonnie Doone, Oak Grove, . . . — Map (db m71285) HM
Alabama (Lawrence County), Courtland — Courtland Army Air Field (CAAF): Facilities/Deactivation
(side 1) Courtland Army Air Field (CAAF): Facilities At its greatest strength, CAAF was home to 4600 officers, enlisted servicemen, and cadets. During the war years it was the largest population center within Lawrence County. Over . . . — Map (db m74411) HM
Alabama (Lee County), Auburn — The Bottle
Built in 1924 and billed as the "the world's largest bottle", The Bottle (also know as the "Twist Inn") was built by John F. Williams, owner of the Nehi Bottling Company in Opelika, Alabama. A wooden replica of a bright orange Nehi soda bottle, it . . . — Map (db m85167) HM
Alabama (Lee County), Auburn — The Lathe
Built in Selma, Alabama, during the early part of the Civil War for the manufacture of military supplies for the Confederate Army. During the war an attempt was made to move it to Columbus, Georgia to prevent its being seized by Federal troops. En . . . — Map (db m39815) HM
Alabama (Lee County), Auburn — Toomers Corner And The Bank Of Auburn
This famous intersection, now known as Toomers Corner was named for businessman and State Senator Sheldon Toomer who founded the Bank of Auburn here in 1907. He served 45 years as bank President and 25 years on the Auburn City Council. Toomers . . . — Map (db m39813) HM
Alabama (Lee County), Auburn — Wright’s Mill
Side 1 A popular recreation area for more than 100 years. Original dam located a short distance below Chewacla Lake Dam. Mill located on the west bank and ground both corn and wheat. Earlier mill owners from 1840's were Echols, Hiram . . . — Map (db m85168) HM
Alabama (Lee County), Opelika — Bean's Mill
Side 1 Here in 1897 the first iron bridge in Lee County was built. In 1903 George W. Bean bought the mill, operating it until his death in 1952. About 1910 Bean installed an iron overshot wheel to replace the old turbine. Later, the dam . . . — Map (db m73533) HM
Alabama (Lee County), Opelika — Top Rock Millstone
This "Top Rock" Millstone was in a grist mill owned and operated by W.S.A. Bence on Sweetwater Creek in Clay County, AL 1919-1947 Donated by H.S. Bence — Map (db m75160) HM
Alabama (Limestone County), Athens — Faces of Market Street
From the 1850s to the 1970s, the Louisville & Nashville Depot was located between Market and Washington streets. The building has been used as a dress ship, a photographer's studio, and in 2004 was remodeled for the Limestone County Archives. . . . — Map (db m93878) HM
Alabama (Limestone County), Athens — North Side of Square
The second Confederate Monument was erected in June 1912. This view shows the intersection of Market and Marion streets. The 4-H'ers parade their cattle on the courthouse lawn in 1959. Judges were on hand to give a blue ribbon for the best . . . — Map (db m93881) HM
Alabama (Limestone County), Athens — Scenes From Hobbs & Market Streets
The First Baptist Church, organized in 1824, built a meeting house in 1826. A brick structure was erected in 1831 but was replaced with the above building in 1909. This church located on the north west corner of Clinton and Hobbs streets, was later . . . — Map (db m93883) HM
Alabama (Limestone County), Elkmont — Commerce
Train #3 southbound, circa 1913. The wye (turnaround) is visible on the right. Because trains traveled with only one engine in the early railroad days and the tracks further south were under construction, a wye was necessary at Elkmont for . . . — Map (db m93859) HM
Alabama (Limestone County), Elkmont — Elkmont Pride: Family-School-Church
Limestone County High School (grades 9-12) was established in 1912. Money for the building, nearly $10,000, was obtained from three sources: the sale of property of an old Elkmont Elementary School, state funds, and private donations. Honored and . . . — Map (db m93851) HM
Alabama (Limestone County), Elkmont — Sim Corder/Harrison Mill
Simeon Corder is said to have contracted with George Hamilton to build the mill and operate it for him in 1909. The contract was sealed with no more than a handshake. After Corder's death in 1923, his widow sold the mill to Aubrey Todd, who sold it . . . — Map (db m93847) HM
Alabama (Limestone County), Mooresville — Cottonport / Mooresville
Front The town of Cottonport flourished in the early years of Limestone County. It was settled in 1818 and chartered in 1824. It was located approx. 1½ miles S.E. near the point where Limestone Creek flowed into the Tennessee River and . . . — Map (db m85455) HM
Alabama (Lowndes County), Lowndesboro — Lowndesboro, Alabama/Lowndesboro Business District
(Side 1) Lowndesboro, Alabama Lowndesboro developed from a small community of early settlers to a thriving township in the 1830’s. The settlers’ plantation interests were maintained in the lowlands along the Alabama River, while . . . — Map (db m70934) HM
Alabama (Madison County), Huntsville — Erected in 1835This building has since been occupied by
The First National Bank of Huntsville and its predecessors: The National Bank of Huntsville 1865-1889. The Northern Bank of Alabama 1852-1865 (Operation suspended 1863-1865) The Branch of the State Bank of Huntsville 1833-1852 . . . — Map (db m27852) HM
Alabama (Madison County), Huntsville — First Bank In AlabamaPlanters And Merchants Bank of Huntsville — Housed on this site in brick building
Housed on this site in brick building 44 ft. x 54 ft Chartered by Mississippi Territorial Legislature December 11, 1816 Commenced operations October 17, 1817, shortly thereafter made depository for Huntsville Federal Land Office funds. . . . — Map (db m27785) HM
Alabama (Madison County), Huntsville — Harrison Brothers HardwareEstablished 1879
Harrison Brothers, the oldest operating hardware store in Alabama, was founded in 1879 when James B. Daniel and T. Harrison opened a tobacco shop on Jefferson Street. In 1897 they purchased this building on South Side Square and expanded into the . . . — Map (db m27791) HM
Alabama (Madison County), Huntsville — Historic Viduta / Hotel Monte Sano
(Front):Historic Viduta "Viduta"-derived from Spanish "vida" meaning "life" In a time when yellow fever, malaria, and cholera threatened, Dr. Thomas Fearn and his brothers Robert and George were drawn by the cool air and medicinal . . . — Map (db m27795) HM
Alabama (Madison County), Huntsville — Hotel Monte Sano“Monte Sano” – Spanish for “Mountain of Health”
Site of Hotel Monte Sano, built in 1887 by the North Alabama Improvement Company with the assistance of Michael and James O’Shaughnessy. The 233-room hotel opened on June 1, 1887 and served as a health resort and haven for famous visitors including . . . — Map (db m27796) HM
Alabama (Madison County), Huntsville — Huntsville
City was scene of these "firsts" in Alabama: 1811 first town incorporated 1812 first Masonic Lodge chartered 1816 first bank incorporated 1819 first state constitution drafted 1819 first Governor inaugurated 1819 first session of . . . — Map (db m27843) HM
Alabama (Madison County), Huntsville — Lincoln School and Village
In 1918 William Lincoln Barrell of Lowell MA. purchased Abingdon Mill and transformed it into a large textile center of all concrete construction named Lincoln Mill Village. Phillip Peeler served as its superintendent from 1934-1953. Built in 1929 . . . — Map (db m39758) HM
Alabama (Madison County), Huntsville — Merrimack Mfg. Co. & Village / Joseph J. Bradley School1900-1992 / 1919-1967
Merrimack Mfg. Co. & Village In 1899, construction started on Merrimack Mill and village. The mill began operation in 1900. A second mill building, added in 1903, made it one of the largest in the South. Under Joseph J. Bradley, Sr., . . . — Map (db m38805) HM
Alabama (Madison County), Huntsville — Site The Huntsville InnA three-story brick building erected before 1817
Here, President James Monroe was honored at a public dinner on June 2, 1819, while on a three-day visit to the Alabama Territory. Here, also, the First Alabama Legislature convened on October 25, 1819, while Huntsville was the first Capital. — Map (db m27851) HM
Alabama (Madison County), Riverton — Site of Bell Factory
Mile and one-half southeast on Flint River ---------> Earliest important textile mill in Alabama Incorporated by Patton Donegan Company in 1832 3,000 spindles and 100 looms operated by skilled slave labor. In production as late as 1885. Name . . . — Map (db m31722) HM
Alabama (Madison County), Triana — Triana, Alabama
Originally called “The Prairie” by the Chickasaw Indians who settled here, Triana was incorporated November 13, 1819 as the second town in Madison County. The community purportedly was named after Rodrigo de Triana, the crewman who first . . . — Map (db m70237) HM
Alabama (Marengo County), Demopolis — Alabama Cattlemen’s Association
In This Building The Alabama Cattlemen’s Association was organized on January 4, 1944 The Association has grown to be the largest state Cattlemen’s Association in the Nation. — Map (db m38006) HM
Alabama (Marion County), Hamilton — History of Marion Territory and Marion County Courts
Side 1 February 13, 1818 — Gin Port - west of Amory, MS on Tombigbee River December 16, 1819 — Henry Grier House, near Columbus, MS - first designated courthouse Late 1820-1822 — Military Ford Court - under . . . — Map (db m96791) HM
Alabama (Marshall County), Arab — Bear Meat Cabin Road
Starting as an ancient Indian trail, the north–south road through Arab in 1816 was known as Bear Meat Cabin Road. By 1818, it had become an important Federal trade route through the Alabama Territory known as the St. Stephens – . . . — Map (db m40134) HM
Alabama (Marshall County), Arab — Farmer's Exchange
The Farmer’s Exchange was a focal point of commerce during the early years of the young town of Arab. Farmers exchanged their corn, eggs, butter, hides and other agricultural products for a barrel of flour, a stand of lard or other . . . — Map (db m40627) HM
Alabama (Mobile County), Mobile — Bettie Hunter House
Built in 1878 in the Italianate style. In 1852, Bettie Hunter was born a slave in Dallas County, Alabama and later moved to Mobile after the Civil War. She and her brother, Henry Hunter, had a profitable carriage business in downtown Mobile. She . . . — Map (db m86389) HM
Alabama (Mobile County), Mobile — John Forbes & Co.
Here stood in Spanish times, the great Indian trading house of John Forbes & Co. — Map (db m86435) HM
Alabama (Mobile County), Mobile — McGowin-LyonsOne St. Louis Centre — 1907-1986
Throughout the 19th and first half of the 20th century, large warehouses and commercial buildings lined Water and Commerce Streets to service the port of Mobile. One St. Louis Centre, known locally as the McGowin-Lyons Building, was the largest and . . . — Map (db m86354) HM
Alabama (Mobile County), Mobile — Merchants National Bank BuildingHistorical Marker
The incorporation of The Merchants Bank of Mobile was authorized April 13, 1901 with offices at 56 St. Francis Street. On July 1, 1927, Merchants became a national bank and occupied this eighteen story building which was dedicated October 11, 1929. . . . — Map (db m86434) HM
Alabama (Mobile County), Mobile — Old Slave Markets
On This Site Stood One Of The Old Slave Markets Last cargo of slaves arrived on the Schooner Clotilde in August of 1859. — Map (db m86311) HM
Alabama (Mobile County), Mobile — The Hunley
The first submarine successfully used in warfare was completed at this site in 1863. Designed by James McClintock and Baxter Watson, and financed by Horace L. Hunley, it was built by W. A. Alexander at the Mobile machine shop of Park and Lyons. . . . — Map (db m86244) HM
Alabama (Mobile County), Mobile — The Mobile Bar AssociationAlabama's First Bar Association
On March 29, 1869, 32 attorneys organized the Mobile Bar Association, the first bar association in Alabama and the 14th oldest bar association in the entire nation. They filed the Association's Declaration of Incorporation on April 12, 1869, having . . . — Map (db m40666) HM
Alabama (Mobile County), Mobile — The Slave Market
After the abolition of international slave trading in 1808, dealers transported slaves from all over the South into Mobile. On this site, Africans were sold as chattel to southern planters through public auction. Between auctions, a three-story . . . — Map (db m86312) HM
Alabama (Montgomery County), Hope Hull — Abner McGehee / Early Alabama Entrepreneur
(Side 1) Abner McGehee Born Feb. 17, 1779 in Prince Edward County, VA, nephew of John Scott, founder of Alabama Town which in 1819 joined New Philadelphia to become Montgomery. Reared in the Broad River area of northeast Georgia, . . . — Map (db m70936) HM
Alabama (Montgomery County), Montgomery — Abram Mordecai / Mordecai's Cotton Gin
Side 1 Abram Mordecai 1755-1849 Born October 24, 1755 in Pennsylvania; settled 1783 in Georgia where he became a successful trader among the Cusseta Indians. First U.S. citizen to settle (1785) in what became Montgomery County. . . . — Map (db m71357) HM
Alabama (Montgomery County), Montgomery — City of Montgomery / Court Square
City of Montgomery Two small villages, New Philadelphia, founded by Massachusetts lawyer Andrew Dexter in 1817, and East Alabama, established by Georgians led by John Scott in 1818, united in 1819 to form Montgomery, named for Revolutionary hero . . . — Map (db m86068) HM
Alabama (Montgomery County), Montgomery — Decorative Lions Heads1907-1978 — Presented to Montgomery by First Alabama Bank of Montgomery, N.A.
These decorative terra cotta lions heads, typical of the ornamentation used in commercial style architecture in the early part of the 20th century, were utilized by the First National Bank of Montgomery on the cornice of their 12 story building from . . . — Map (db m36646) HM
Alabama (Montgomery County), Montgomery — Elijah Cook / City of Montgomery v. Rosa Parks
Elijah Cook Educator, Businessman, Lawmaker Born a slave in Wetumpka in 1833, Elijah Cook became a leader in Montgomery’s African American community. Credited with helping to establish the city’s first school for blacks in the basement . . . — Map (db m69222) HM
Alabama (Montgomery County), Montgomery — 7 — Four Points: One of Several Black Business Hubs in MontgomerySelma to Montgomery National Historic Trail — Corner of Mildred and Mobile Streets
Four Points: One of Several Black Business Hubs in Montgomery, and the Impact of Desegregation on Black Business Districts The intersection of Mildred and Moore Streets was once home to Four Points, a thriving black business . . . — Map (db m91462) HM
Alabama (Montgomery County), Montgomery — 4 — From Bus Boycott to Voting Rights: Community Activism 1955-65Selma to Montgomery National Historic Trail — West Jefferson Davis near Loveless School
The foundation of the civil rights movement was based in the grassroots strength of West Montgomery. The historic black communities located along this route provided the leadership and support for over a decade. Whether it was the clergymen, the . . . — Map (db m91466) HM
Alabama (Montgomery County), Montgomery — High Red Bluff(Chunnanugga Chatty in Creek Indian Language)
Also called Hostile Bluff or Thirteen Mile Bluff, this spot located in a deep bend of the Alabama River was once the key to the Southeast and a strategic point in Colonial days. The first steamboat, the Harriet, arrived at this point in 1821, and . . . — Map (db m86120) HM
Alabama (Montgomery County), Montgomery — Josiah Morris1818-1891
Had his bank on this site 1852-1891. He helped finance Montgomery's business, railroads and industry. Here on Dec. 19, 1870, he bought 4150 acres of land and deeded them to the Elyton Land Co. which later was platted, and on his motion named the . . . — Map (db m36648) HM
Alabama (Montgomery County), Montgomery — Lucas TavernEarly 19th century
Located on the Federal Road near Line Creek (present Waugh) in eastern Montgomery County, this wayside hotel was built prior to 1818 and was owned by a least two other families before coming into the possession of Walter and Eliza Lucas around . . . — Map (db m98557) HM
Alabama (Montgomery County), Montgomery — Montgomery and Electricity / Hydroelectricity in the River Region
Side 1 Montgomery and Electricity Gaslights in 1854, electric lights in 1883 and the electric trolley in 1886 made Montgomery a state leader in applying modern technology for lighting and motive power. Steam was used first for . . . — Map (db m71367) HM
Alabama (Montgomery County), Montgomery — Montgomery Area Chamber of CommerceThe Forefront of Montgomery's Future
Side A The first American Chamber of Commerce was organized in New York City in 1770. The Montgomery Chamber was organized in 1873. Thomas Joseph was its first President. The Alabama State Journal stated at its founding, "Montgomery . . . — Map (db m36568) HM
Alabama (Montgomery County), Montgomery — Montgomery City Hall / Funeral for Hank Williams
(Front) Built 1936-37 Following a fire in 1932 that destroyed a 19th century City Hall, architect Frank Lockwood designed a replacement for the same site. With the Depression affecting all construction projects during the period, the . . . — Map (db m36571) HM
Alabama (Montgomery County), Montgomery — Montgomery's Slave Depots/Montgomery's Slave Traders
(side 1) Montgomery's Slave Depots Montgomery slave traders operated depots where enslaved men, women, and children were confined. The slave depots functioned as active trading sites and as detention facilities where the enslaved . . . — Map (db m71227) HM
Alabama (Montgomery County), Montgomery — Murphy House
Greek Revival Home built, 1851 by John H. Murphy, cotton broker and an incorporator and director of the Montgomery Water Works Company, chartered 1854. Union Army Provost Marshal's Headquarters 1865. Elks Club 1902-1967 Restored by Montgomery . . . — Map (db m36569) HM
Alabama (Montgomery County), Montgomery — Site of the Warren Reese House
This was the site of the home of Warren Stone Reese (1842-1898) --planter, cotton merchant, soldier, and mayor of Montgomery. Reese, promoted to the rank of colonel in the Confederacy for gallantry at Chickamauga, became commander of the . . . — Map (db m81807) HM

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