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“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
 
 

Historical Markers in Greece

 
Areopagus Hill Marker - with the Acropolis Hill in background image, Click for more information
By Richard E. Miller, May 19, 2011
Areopagus Hill Marker - with the Acropolis Hill in background
Greece, Attica Periphery, Athens — Areopagus Hill
[Left columns - text in Greek] [Right columns - text in English] The Areopagus, a rocky outcrop approximately 115 m. high is situated between three other hills, the Acropolis, the Pnyx, and the Kolonos Agoraios. Its name . . . — Map (db m47716) HM
Greece, Attica Periphery, Athens — The Acropolis of Athens — [UNESCO World Heritage Site]
[Marker text printed in both Greek and English scripts:] The Acropolis and its monuments, universal symbols of the classical spirit and culture, form the greatest architectural and artistic whole that Greek Antiquity has bequeathed to . . . — Map (db m43648) HM
Greece, Attica Region (Central Athens Regional Unit), Athens — A. The Propylaia, B. The Shrine of Athena Hygieia and Hygieia
English Text: A. The Propylaia The Propylaia, the monumental entrance of the sanctuary of the Acropolis, was built at the west edge of the hill in the frame of the building programme of Perikles. The building's . . . — Map (db m85103) HM
Greece, Attica Region (Central Athens Regional Unit), Athens — A. The Sanctuary of Artemis Brauronia, B. The Chalkotheke
English Text: A. The sanctuary of Artemis Brauronia After passing through the Propylaia, the sanctuary of Artemis Brauronia, the so-called Brauronion, lies to the right of the processional way of the Acropolis. It was . . . — Map (db m85203) HM
Greece, Attica Region (Central Athens Regional Unit), Athens — The "Old Temple" of Athena
The large Archaic temple to the south of the Erechtheion, which today preserves only its foundations, was called the "Old Temple" according to epigraphic evidence. Dedicated to Athena Polias, the patron deity of the city, it housed the . . . — Map (db m85232) HM
Greece, Attica Region (Central Athens Regional Unit), Athens — The Erechtheion
English Text: The elegant building of the Ionic order is called, according to later literary sources, Erechtheion from the name of Erechtheus, the mythical king of Athens. The construction started before the outbreak of the . . . — Map (db m85173) HM
Greece, Attica Region (Central Athens Regional Unit), Athens — The Parthenon
English Text The Parthenon was a temple dedicated to Athena Parthenos (Virgin). It is built in the Doric order and made of white Pentelic marble with a width of 30.86 meters, a length of 69.51 meters and a height of 15 meters. It has an . . . — Map (db m85214) HM
Greece, Attica Region (Central Athens Regional Unit), Athens — The Statue of Athena Promachos
English Text: The colossal bronze statue of Athena, known as Athena Promachos, dominated in the area between the Propylaia and the Erechtheion, to the left of the visitor walking along the processional way of the Acropolis. It was made . . . — Map (db m85182) HM
Greece, Central Macedonia Region (Regional unit of Thessaloniki), Thessaloniki — ThessalonikiΘεσσαλονίκη
The exhibition presents the history of Thessaloniki from its founding to the modern era. The founding of the city, its urban plan development, its people, its economy and its culture are the main topics that the exhibition addresses. In other words, . . . — Map (db m84724) HM
Greece, Central Macedonia Region (Regional unit of Thessaloniki), Thessaloniki — White TowerΛευκος Πυργος
The White Tower, which came to be the symbol of Thessaloniki by coincidence, was built in the late 15th century on the site of an older Byzantine tower, where the eastern wall and the sea wall met. The White Tower is 33.9 meters high and . . . — Map (db m84701) HM
Greece, Crete (Heraklion), Knosos — "Kouloures""Kουλούρες"
English Text: Three large pits, known as "Kouloures" (rings) (Figure 1), with stone-lined walls were built in the West Court during the Old Palace period (1900-1700 B.C.). The excavation workmen gave them their name and Arthur Evans kept . . . — Map (db m85436) HM
Greece, Crete (Heraklion), Knosos — "North Lustral Basin"
English Text: The room before you resembles a cistern. Its floor is lower than the surrounding area and is reached by steps. The "Lustral Basin" was surrounded by columns and was lined with slabs of gypsum giving it a luxurious . . . — Map (db m85439) HM
Greece, Crete (Heraklion), Knosos — "Piano Nobile"
English Text: The great staircase and the upper floor to which it leads are largely Evan's creations. Evans thought that it had a function rather like the first floor of Italian Palazzi of the Renaissance, which was called the "Piano . . . — Map (db m85453) HM
Greece, Crete (Heraklion), Knosos — "Shrine of the Double Axes"
English Text: The room before you was made into a shrine at the end of the Postpalatial period (1375-1200 B.C.). It is known as the "Shrine of the Double Axes" (Figure 1). On a bench at the back, different ritual objects were found . . . — Map (db m85476) HM
Greece, Crete (Heraklion), Knosos — "Theatral Area", "Royal Road"
English Text: The area before you was called the "Theatre" by Evans because its shape reminded him of later theatres (Figure 1). It is a platform and rows of steps that form an angle. At the bottom of the steps is the end of a narrow . . . — Map (db m85403) HM
Greece, Crete (Heraklion), Knosos — "Throne Room""Αίθουσα του Θρόνου"
English Text: You are in the antechamber of a complex of rooms that Evans named the "Throne Room". Its name comes from the stone seat found in the room behind the antechamber (Figure 1). Stone benches are preserved in the . . . — Map (db m85440) HM
Greece, Crete (Heraklion), Knosos — Palace of KnossosMain Visitor's Route
English Text: 1. West Court 2. "Kouloures" 3. "West Porch" 4. "Processional Causeway" 5. "South House" 6. "South Propylaeum" 7. "West Magazines" 8. "Throne Room" 9. "Tripartite Shrine" 10. Central Court 11. Copy of . . . — Map (db m85412) HM
Greece, Crete (Heraklion), Knosos — Conservation - restoration of the "West Magazines"
The complex of the "West Magazine", an impressive row of eighteen long, narrow spaces (numbered in Latin numerals from one to eighteen), forms the main storage area of the Palace of Knossos. The construction-restoration work, undertaken . . . — Map (db m85556) HM
Greece, Crete (Heraklion), Knosos — North Entrance, North Pillar Hall
English Text: An open air passage linked the Central Court with the North Entrance. It was paved and sharply inclined towards the north. The passage is narrow. Right and left were two raised colonnades known as "Bastions" (Figure . . . — Map (db m85549) HM
Greece, Crete (Heraklion), Knosos — South Entrance, Corridor with the "Prince of the Lilies" Fresco
English Text: The south part and south facade of the Palace is very eroded. Today one can only see foundations on tiered levels. At the bottom, a tower-like projection is all that remains of the south entrance to the Palace. An ascending . . . — Map (db m85469) HM
Greece, Crete (Heraklion), Knosos — The "Hall of the Double Axes" and the "Queen's Megaron"
English Text: Archaeological information concerning political organization during the Minoan period is very limited. Nevertheless, the mythological tradition concerning King Minos and Evan's notions concerning the institution of kingship . . . — Map (db m85496) HM
Greece, Crete (Heraklion), Knosos — The “Magazines of the Giant Pithoi”, and the “East Bastion”
English Text: The great pithoi (storage jars) you see before you, were found in a place named by Evans, the "Magazines of the Giant Pithoi" (Figure 1). These magazines are one of the older parts of the Palace. The pithoi are set apart by . . . — Map (db m85506) HM
Greece, Crete (Heraklion), Knosos — The work of the Knossos Scientific Committee on the Palace and the archaeological site
English Text: The "Palace and Archaeological Site of Knossos" project, intended both to deal with the various problems faced by the monument and to promote it, was included in the 3rd Community Support Fund (CSF) in 2000, to be . . . — Map (db m85562) HM
Greece, Crete (Heraklion), Knosos — Water and Drainage Conduits
English Text: In front of you can be seen part of the water system that channelled drinking water from a source in the vicinity of the palace. This took the form of a series of clay pipes with one end narrower than the other so that they . . . — Map (db m85520) HM
Greece, Crete (Heraklion), Knosos — West Magazines
English Text: Looking down, you can see the start of the corridor that joins eighteen long and narrow storerooms, covering an area of 1300 square meters (Figure 1). In the floor of both the storerooms and corridor, there are . . . — Map (db m85449) HM
Greece, Crete (Heraklion), Knosos — West WingΔυτική Πτέρυγα
English Text: The stairs on the right lead from the Central Court to the upper floor of the West Wing. This is largely reconstructed by Evans. The area left of the stairs has been identified as a shrine, called by Evans the . . . — Map (db m85442) HM
Greece, Eastern Macedonia and Thrace Region (Kavala Regional Unit), Krinides — Ancient Theater
English Text: The ancient theater of Philippi is a very important monument, located on the southeastern hillside of the acropolis leaning against the eastern city wall. Its initial phase is dated in the reign of the King of Macedonia . . . — Map (db m84753) HM
Greece, Eastern Macedonia and Thrace Region (Kavala Regional Unit), Krinides — Annexes to Octagon at Philippi
North of the octagonal church, and with the Hellenistic tomb-heroon continuing to function as nucleus, the spaces of prothesis, diakonikon, phiale and baptistery were developed. The later consisted of apodyterium, catechumena, baptistery and . . . — Map (db m84813) HM
Greece, Eastern Macedonia and Thrace Region (Kavala Regional Unit), Krinides — Archeological Area Filippi
Αρχαιολογικός Χώρος Φιλίππων 1. Acropolis 2. Neapolhs Gate 3. Theatre 4. Sanctuary of Sylvanus 5. . . . — Map (db m84743) HM
Greece, Eastern Macedonia and Thrace Region (Kavala Regional Unit), Krinides — Basilica
English Text: It was built as a great three-aisled, timber-roofed basilica with a transept on the east side. Its dimensions are 130x50 m. There is a monumental semi-circular propylon with marble stairs that leads from the Forum to the . . . — Map (db m84772) HM
Greece, Eastern Macedonia and Thrace Region (Kavala Regional Unit), Krinides — Christian Philippi
English Text: Philippi was a flourishing city in eastern Macedonia during the Hellenistic, Roman, and Early Christian periods, with continuous habitation from the mid-4th century BC to the 14th century AD. The city's 3500-meter long . . . — Map (db m84801) HM
Greece, Eastern Macedonia and Thrace Region (Kavala Regional Unit), Krinides — Philippi
English text: The ancient city of Philippi was built on the fringes of the marshes that occupied the south-east part of the plain of Drama. The first settlers were colonists from Thasos who were aware of the rich sources of precious . . . — Map (db m84747) HM
Greece, Eastern Macedonia and Thrace Region (Kavala Regional Unit), Krinides — The Octagon at Philippi
English Text In the first insula east of the Roman Forum at Philippi. between the eastward extensions of Egnatia and Emporiki streets, is the metropolitan church of Philippi, the famous Octagon, which is dedicated to the . . . — Map (db m84804) HM
Greece, Eastern Macedonia and Thrace Region (Regional unit of Kavala), Kavala — Black Sea - Silk Road
Marker's English Text: Kavala The history of the town begins in the 7th century BC, in the reign of Philip II, father of Alexander the Great, flourished here the seaport of Neapolis (Kavala) which served the city of . . . — Map (db m84727) HM
Greece, Eastern Macedonia and Thrace Region (Regional unit of Kavala), Kavala — Neapolis-Christoupolis-Kavala (7th C.BC. - 20th C.AD.)
Marker's English Text: Historical Outline The Panagia peninsula has been inhabited since the Early Iron Age (1050-700 BC). In the second half of the 7th century BC, Parian settlers from Thasos founded a new . . . — Map (db m84729) HM
Greece, Kalymnos (peripheral unit) (Pátmos municipality), Chorá — Historic Centre (Chorá)Monastery of Saint John the Theologian — World Heritage Site
[Marker text printed in Greek and English script:] 1999 The Historic Centre (Chorá) with the Monastery of Saint John the Theologian and the Cave of the Apocalypse World Heritage Site The Historic Centre (Chorá) with the Monastery . . . — Map (db m43647) HM
Greece, Kalymnos (peripheral unit) (Pátmos Municipality), Skala Village — Liberation of PatmosCapt. Terence Bruce Mitford
[Marker text printed in both Greek and English scripts:] Erected by the Community of Patmos to commemorate the 60th anniversary of the Liberation of the Island, 10 February 1944 by Terence Bruce Mitford Captain, Special Boat Services . . . — Map (db m43136) HM
Greece, Kalymnos peripheral unit (Patmos municipality), Chorá — Historic Centre (Chorá)Cave of the Apocalypse — World Heritage Site
1999 The Historic Centre (Chorá) with the Monastery of Saint John the Theologian and the Cave of the Apocalypse World Heritage Site The Historic Centre (Chorá) with the Monastery of Saint John the Theologian and the Cave of the Apocalypse . . . — Map (db m43646) HM
Greece, Peloponnese Region (Corinthia Regional Unit), Archea Korinthos (Old Corinth) — Ancient Corinth
English Text: 1. Temple of Apollo 2. Lechaion Road 3. Propylaia 4. Bema 5. Race Course 6. Heroon of the Crossroads 7. Underground Shrine 8. Central Shops 9. South Stoa 10. Bouleuterion 11. South Basilica 12. Julian . . . — Map (db m85149) HM
Greece, Peloponnese Region (Corinthia Regional Unit), Archea Korinthos (Old Corinth) — Archaeological Site of Ancient Corinth
Αρχαιολογικός Χώρος Αρχαίας Κορίνθου English Text: . . . — Map (db m85135) HM
Greece, Peloponnese Region (Corinthia Regional Unit), Archea Korinthos (Old Corinth) — Buildings at the West End of Roman Agora
English Text: The buildings in the west end of the Roman Forum date from the 1st and 2nd century AD. In contrast to most temples of both Greek and Roman periods in Greece, the temples each stood on a high podium constructed of rubble and . . . — Map (db m84867) HM
Greece, Peloponnese Region (Corinthia Regional Unit), Archea Korinthos (Old Corinth) — Glauke Fountain
English Text: The fountain of Glauke, a large cubic mass of limestone, was formed when the surrounding bedrock was quarried away. Originally, the fountain was contained within a long limestone ridge running west from Temple Hill. . . . — Map (db m84823) HM
Greece, Peloponnese Region (Corinthia Regional Unit), Archea Korinthos (Old Corinth) — Lechaion Road
English Text: Propylaie on the Lechaion Road The Propylaia, the main entrance to the Forum, consisted of three archways; one main and two smaller ones. At the time of Pausanias the gilded bronze chariots of Helios and . . . — Map (db m84967) HM
Greece, Peloponnese Region (Corinthia Regional Unit), Archea Korinthos (Old Corinth) — Peirene Fountain
English Text: Peirene is one of the most important topoi in the urban landscape of both Greek and Roman Corinth. Human activity is attested in the area from the Neolithic period, and the first efforts in water management date to the . . . — Map (db m84991) HM
Greece, Peloponnese Region (Corinthia Regional Unit), Archea Korinthos (Old Corinth) — Road Network
The route of the ancient traveler Pausanias through the Corinthian Forum at the 2nd century A.D., together with the results of the excavations conducted on the site by the American Archaeological School of Athens, give the modern visitor an idea . . . — Map (db m84840) HM
Greece, Peloponnese Region (Corinthia Regional Unit), Archea Korinthos (Old Corinth) — Saint Paul in Corinth and the Bema of the Roman Forum
Saint Paul is also known as the Apostle of the Nations because of his missionary journeys throughout the eastern Mediterranean (46-58 AD) for the dissemination of Christianity. In this context he visited several Greek cities, including Samothrace, . . . — Map (db m84891) HM
Greece, Peloponnese Region (Corinthia Regional Unit), Archea Korinthos (Old Corinth) — South Stoa
English Text: The South Stoa, one of the largest porticoed buildings in ancient Greece, was built in the late 4th century B.C., to the south of the race track of Corinth. The excavation of it by the American School of Classical Studies . . . — Map (db m85076) HM
Greece, Peloponnese Region (Corinthia Regional Unit), Archea Korinthos (Old Corinth) — Temple E
English Text: Standing 9.00 meters above the Forum, Temple E occupied as prominent a place in the Roman city as the Temple of Apollo. In its first phase, the temple had stone foundations, probably with a triple crepis measuring . . . — Map (db m85084) HM
Greece, Peloponnese Region (Corinthia Regional Unit), Archea Korinthos (Old Corinth) — Temple of Apollo
English Text: The seven standing columns of the Archaic temple are one of the most prominent landmarks of Corinth. Contrary to one's first impression, however, the view from this point is back of the building. The dedication of the . . . — Map (db m84826) HM
Greece, Peloponnese Region (Corinthia Regional Unit), Archea Korinthos (Old Corinth) — The Heroon at the Crossroads: an early sanctuary of Ancient Corinth
English Text: On the hillside where the Bema of the Roman Forum was later built and alongside a road leading southward to Acrocorinth, a cemetery had been delevoped during the Geometric period (1050 - 720 B.C.) Later on, during the . . . — Map (db m84915) HM
Greece, Peloponnese Region (Corinthia Regional Unit), Archea Korinthos (Old Corinth) — The Rostra (Bema) of the Roman Forum
English Text: The Rostra was a complex marble structure dating from the middle of the 1st century A.D. which dominated the face of the terrace of the Upper Forum at Corinth. It took the form of an open propylon with a n-shaped . . . — Map (db m84874) HM
Greece, Phthiotis Regional Unit (Municipality of Lamia), Thermopylae — The Battle of Thermopyles
In the year 480 B.C. in this sacred place called Thermopyles was carried out the most astonishing and unequal battle between few Greeks and a million of Persians. This battle is a landmark in the World’s History. Three hundred . . . — Map (db m84416) HM WM
Greece, Regional unit of Phthiotis (Municipality of Lamia), Thermopylae — Kolonos Hill Memorial
Greek translation of text: Ὦ ξεῖν', ἀγγέλλειν Λακεδαιμονίοις ὅτι . . . — Map (db m84693) WM
Greece, Thera Municipality (Santorini), Fira — Santorini Cable Car
IΔPYMA ΛOYΛAΣ KAI EYAΓΓEΛOY NOMIKOY TEΛEΦEPIK ΣANTOPINH Σ ΔΩPEA TOY IΔPYTH ΣTIΣ 14 KOINOTHTEΣ TOY NHΣIOY Loulas and Evangelos Nomikos Foundation . . . — Map (db m43315) HM

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