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The Crucifixion Marker image, Click for more information
By Rev. Ronald Irick, January 9, 2012
The Crucifixion Marker
Israel, Jerusalem — The CrucifixionAt Golgatha, The Place of the Skull
Then delivered he him therefore unto them to be crucified and they took Jesus, and led him away. And he bearing the cross went forth into a place called Golgatha where they crucified him and two other with him, on either side one, and Jesus in . . . — Map (db m95071) HM
Israel, Central District, Rosh Ha'ayin — Tel Afeq - Antipatris
Archaeological excavations at Tel Afeq have exposed layers of occupation dating from the Chalcolithic period (the fourth millennium B.C.E.) until the 20th century C.E. Strategically situated on the "Afeq Pass", a bottleneck between the headwaters of . . . — Map (db m64309) HM
Israel, Central District, Rosh Ha'ayin — The Egyptian Governor's Residence
This is the most complete of the six Late Bronze Age (Canaanite), 1550-1200 B.C.E. palaces excavated at Afeq. The ground floor is preserved in its entirety, while the stairway testifies to the existence of the now-destroyed upper storeys. . . . — Map (db m64406) HM
Israel, Central District, Rosh Ha'ayin — The Roman Cardoהקארדו הרומי
A remnant of the main street of the Roman city of Antipatris. "Cardo" is the name for the main north-south street of a Roman-era city. Shops lined the Cardo, and at its center it was connected to the Forum, the city's central square. Grooves can be . . . — Map (db m64445) HM
Israel, Galilee, Capharnaum — Capharnaum
Capharnaum the town of Jesus He left Nazareth and went to live in Capharnaum by the sea (Gospel of Matthew 4:13). He entered a boat, made a crossing, and came into his own town (Gospel of Matthew 9:1). The House of Simon Peter On . . . — Map (db m44108) HM
Israel, Galilee, Capharnaum — The Synagogue of Capharnaum
The synagogue is made up of four units, namely the prayer hall, the eastern courtyard, the southern porch, and a side-room near the northwestern corner of the prayer hall. The prayer hall, with the façade toward Jerusalem, is rectangular in . . . — Map (db m44055) HM
Israel, Galilee, Tabgha — Church of HeptapegonThe Seven Springs
History 28–350 AD The Judeo-Christians of Capharnaum venerated a large rock upon which Jesus is said to have laid the bread and fish before he fed the five thousand (Mk 6:30-44) ca. 350 AD Used as an altar, the rock . . . — Map (db m44034) HM
Israel, Galilee, Yardenit — YardenitThe Baptismal Site on the Jordan River — Close to where Jesus was baptised
According to the Gospel of John, scripture indicates that Jesus was baptized very close to this part of the “Jordan River”. Of the four Gospel writers, John was the only one present when Jesus was baptised by John the Baptist. In . . . — Map (db m44228) HM
Israel, Haifa District, Acre — The Crusader Fortress of the Knights of the Hospital and the Ottoman-Turkish Citadel of Akko
On this site, in the 12th-13th century, towered the fortress of the Order of the Knights of the Hospital of Saint John (the "Hospitallers") who were based in Akko (Acre) until the Muslim conquest of the city in 1291. Over the ruins of the fortress, . . . — Map (db m65456) HM
Israel, Haifa District, Acre — The CrusadersUntil their arrival at Akko
On their way to Jerusalem in 1099, the Crusaders killed the Jewish 'infidels' and destroyed many communities, among which were in the communities of Speyer, Worms and Magenza. In memory of those who perished the prayer "Merciful Father" was . . . — Map (db m65446) HM
Israel, Haifa District, Akko — The Shrine and Mansion of Bahá’u’lláh
At the heart of this site is the Shrine of Bahá’u’lláh, the final resting place of the Founder of the Bahá’í Faith, regarded by Bahá’ís as the most holy spot on earth. Next to the Shrine stands the Mansion where Bahá’u’lláh resided from the summer . . . — Map (db m79276) HM
Israel, Haifa District, Caesarea — A Collection of Architectural Artifacts
This garden presents a collection of architectural artifacts discovered during the excavation of Caesarea, or found by chance. The source of much of present day knowledge of the styles and building methods of the classical world of . . . — Map (db m64466) HM
Israel, Haifa District, Caesarea — Architectural Elements
The gable, cornice, frieze and architrave are some of the architectural elements that were typical of the facades and other monumental structures. The ornamentation of these buildings changed according to the adopted style. In the Roman . . . — Map (db m65175) HM
Israel, Haifa District, Caesarea — Column Capitals
In the Classical World, Planning and Aesthetics principles were clear and unambiguous. The Doric, Ionic, and Corinthian orders were elaborated by the Greeks and later, adopted by the Romans, with some variations. Each order bears its own rules and . . . — Map (db m64499) HM
Israel, Haifa District, Caesarea — Dedicatory Inscriptionכתובת הקדשה
"(Po)ntius Pilatus, the prefect of Judaea, (erected) a (building dedicated) to (the emperor) Tiberius". Replica. The original inscription, found in secondary use during the excavations of the theater, is on display at the . . . — Map (db m65173) HM
Israel, Haifa District, Caesarea — I Appeal Unto Caesar
"For if I be an offender, or have committed any thing worthy of death, I refuse not to die; but if there be none of these things whereof these accuse me, no man may deliver me unto them. I appeal unto Caesar. Then Festus, when he had . . . — Map (db m64534) HM
Israel, Haifa District, Caesarea — King Herod's Hippodrome
"Herod built (...) on the south quarter, behind the port, an amphitheater also capable of holding a vast number of men and conveniently situated for a prospect to the sea" Josephus This edifice, whose location . . . — Map (db m65176) HM
Israel, Haifa District, Caesarea — Sarcophagi
Sarcophagi (coffins in Greek) made of stone (granite, marble, limestone) lead or wood were widely used among different people including Jews, throughout he Greco-Roman world. Sarcophagus means "flesh eater". Stone coffins were made out of two . . . — Map (db m64501) HM
Israel, Haifa District, Caesarea — The Chariot-RacesThe Meta Prima
The chariot races thrilled the crowds. The counterclockwise seven-lap race commenced at the starting gates (carceres) (1) and ended at a finishing line situated in front of the dignitaries' tribune (2). At each end of the axial rib . . . — Map (db m64537) HM
Israel, Haifa District, Caesarea — The Promontory PalaceHerod's Palace & the Roman Praetorium
The edifice consists of two main units: the Lower Palace comprising the private wing, and the Upper Palace, housing the public wing. The latter, built around a large peristyle courtyard, was associated with the ruler's judicial and . . . — Map (db m64517) HM
Israel, Haifa District, Caesarea — The Roman Well
Some sixty lead scroll fragments dating to the 4th. c. A.D., probably execrations tablets and binding spells, were recovered from this well, where they had been intentionally thrown as a magical practice. In his address on the dedication of the Holy . . . — Map (db m64532) HM
Israel, Haifa District, Caesarea — The Theaterהתיאטרון
The only remnants left from the Theater of Caesarea are rows of seats, the orchestra, the stage and the scene-frons which is an ornamental wall behind the stage. How did it look like? Comparisons show that it might resemble the facade of a two or . . . — Map (db m64498) HM
Israel, Haifa District, Haifa — The German Colony StoryDie Geschichte der deutschen Kolonie
The establishment of the German Colony in 1869 is a milestone in the history of Haifa's development. In the middle of a sparsely populated and largely barren land, laboring under deficient rule, hundreds of German settlers characterized by great . . . — Map (db m79275) HM
Israel, Haifa District, Haifa — The Shrine of the Báb Terraces and Gardens
On 21 March 1909 the mortal remains of the Báb, one of the Central Figures of the Bahá'í Faith, were interred in the Shrine that is the focal point of these gardens. Martyred in Iran in 1850, the Báb had devoted Himself to preparing the way for . . . — Map (db m79010) HM
Israel, Haifa District, Megiddo — A Public Grain Silo
A public grain silo from the time of King Jeroboam II (8th century BCE). The silo had a capacity of 450 cubic meters. Straw found between the stones attests to the function of the installation. — Map (db m65196) HM
Israel, Haifa District, Megiddo — A Unique Continuity
[Text on the Left Side of the Marker]: The deep section dug by the University of Chicago Expedition (1925-1939) provides a unique glimpse into the nearly thirty settlements built one on top of the other at the site. Due to the unique . . . — Map (db m64908) HM
Israel, Haifa District, Megiddo — From Megiddo to Armageddon
The city of Megiddo played a prominent role in the history of the ancient Near East. Strategically located at the mouth of the Nahal Iron Pass, Megiddo controlled access to the road that linked Egypt with Mesopotamia and Anatolia - the most . . . — Map (db m64782) HM
Israel, Haifa District, Megiddo — Schumaker's Excavations
The first excavations at Tel Megiddo were directed by Gottlieb Schumacher on behalf of the Deutscher Palastina-Verein, between 1903 and 1905. After excavating the Tempelburg ('temple-fortress') in the eastern section of the mound, . . . — Map (db m65019) HM
Israel, Haifa District, Megiddo — Tel Megiddo National ParkWorld Heritage Site — The Biblical Tels - Megiddo, Hazor, Beer Sheba
The biblical tels of Megiddo, Hazor and Beer Sheba were inscribed in 2005 by the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) as World Heritage Sites with outstanding universal value. They are fitting representatives of . . . — Map (db m64811) HM
Israel, Haifa District, Megiddo — The City-Gate(The Late Bronze Period)
[Text on the Left Side of the Marker]: The Late Bronze period (1550-1150 B.C.) is marked by Egyptian rule of Canaan. At that time, Megiddo was one of the country's major city-states and its king a loyal vassal of the Egyptian pharaoh. . . . — Map (db m64821) HM
Israel, Haifa District, Megiddo — The City-Gate(The Iron II Period)
[Text on the Left Side of the Marker]: Megiddo became an Israelite city sometime between the 10th and 9th centuries B.C., and functioned as an administrative center for he fertile Jezreel Valley. Some time later, a massive wall (1) and a . . . — Map (db m64882) HM
Israel, Haifa District, Megiddo — The Northern Palace
[Text on the Left Side of the Marker]: The foundations of this palace, first investigated by Y. Yadin in 1960, are presently being excavated by 'The Megiddo Expedition'. The edifice was apparently laid out as a bit hilani (North . . . — Map (db m64898) HM
Israel, Haifa District, Megiddo — The Northern Stables
[Text on the Left Side of the Marker]: Architectural complexes dating from the same period (9th or 8th c. B.C.) and of similar design were found near the northern and southern edges of the mound. Through the years they variously . . . — Map (db m64889) HM
Israel, Haifa District, Megiddo — The Sacred Area
[Text on the Left Side of the Marker]: This area served as a focus of worship for over two thousand years, from the Early Bronze through the Iron I periods. The University of Chicago excavation section a series of temples (1, 3-5) built . . . — Map (db m64985) HM
Israel, Haifa District, Megiddo — The Southern Palace
[Text on the Left Side of the Marker]: An elaborate ashlar-built palace (1) stood near the southern edge of the mound. A monumental entrance (2) - the only visible remains still standing - led to the courtyard (3). Like the northern . . . — Map (db m65198) HM
Israel, Haifa District, Megiddo — The Southern Stables
[Text on the Left Side of the Marker]: The southern stables' five units could accommodate 150 horses. As in the northern complex, each unit consists of a rectangular building divided into three sections by two rows of alternating pillars . . . — Map (db m65204) HM
Israel, Haifa District, Megiddo — The Water System
[Text on the Left Side of the Marker]: The problem of supplying water to large cities, a serious issue even in times of peace, could become acute in times of siege. Megiddo's main water source was located at the foot of the mound, beyond . . . — Map (db m65215) HM
Israel, Jerusalem District, Jerusalem — Absalom's Tomb
This splendid burial monument dates to the end of the Second temple period. The lower part of the monument is hewn and the upper part is constructed. The name derives from the biblical verse that tells of Absalom's construction of a monument for . . . — Map (db m63866) HM
Israel, Jerusalem District, Jerusalem — Beit Hatzofeh LookoutA Journey to the Source
"Jerusalem, hills enfold it, and the Lord enfolds his people now and forever" (Psalms 125:2) Jerusalem was first established on the hill on which you are now standing almost 4,000 years ago, during the Canaanite . . . — Map (db m63924) HM
Israel, Jerusalem District, Jerusalem — Double Gate Monumental Stairs and Observation Plaza
The Restoration Project of the Second Temple Period Double Gate Monumental Stairs and Observation Plaza — Map (db m63963) HM
Israel, Jerusalem District, Jerusalem — Gethsemane
Garden of Olives Jesus went out with his disciples across the Kidron valley to a place where there was a garden, which he and his disciples entered. (Gospel of John 18:1) “Gethsemane, a place where the Savior prayed before . . . — Map (db m44596) HM
Israel, Jerusalem District, Jerusalem — Jaffa GateOld City Jerusalem
[Text in Hebrew …] [Text in English:] Jaffa Gate is the westernmost of the gates in the walls of Jerusalem. It is so named as the starting point of the road to Jaffa port. Its Arabic name, Bab al-Khalil, meaning “Hebron . . . — Map (db m44853) HM
Israel, Jerusalem District, Jerusalem — Jehoshaphat's Caveמערת יהושפט — مغارة يهوشافاط
This is a burial complex from the Second Temple period. The facade of the cave features the relief of a gable resembling the roof facade of a sacred building. The decorative style is drawn from Hellenistic art, which influenced Jewish burial . . . — Map (db m63932) HM
Israel, Jerusalem District, Jerusalem — Ketef Hinnom
The Burial Caves date from the First Temple Period. Throughout many generations, they served affluent Jerusalem families as a location to bury their dead. The deceased was placed on a stone slab with a special indentation for the head. At the end of . . . — Map (db m63881) HM
Israel, Jerusalem District, Jerusalem — Latin Dedicatory Inscription
Latin Text that appears on Stone: ... )s Tiberivm ... Pon)tivs Pilatvs ... Praef)ectvsivda(ea) English Translation of Text, provided, but not seen on Stone: ... building in . . . — Map (db m88742) HM
Israel, Jerusalem District, Jerusalem — Ritual Baths and Water Conduits
The Restoration Project of the Second Temple period Ritual Baths and Water Conduits in the area south of the Temple Mount Enclosure — Map (db m63951) HM
Israel, Jerusalem District, Jerusalem — The Burnt Room and the House of the BullaeDestruction and Ruin
"He burned the House of the Lord, the king's palace, and all the houses of Jerusalem; he burned down the house of every notable person." (II Kings 25: 9) This residential quarter went up in flames with the rest of . . . — Map (db m63933) HM
Israel, Jerusalem District, Jerusalem — The House of Ahiel
Here Dwells Ahiel in a Four Room House "He (David) had houses made for himself in the City of David..." (1 Chronicles15: 1) The name 'Ahiel' appears on potsherds found among the ruins of this house. The House . . . — Map (db m65296) HM
Israel, Jerusalem District, Jerusalem — The Large Stone StructureThe Remains of King David's Palace? — מבנה האבן הגדול
"And Hiram king of Tyre sent messengers to David, and cedar - trees, and carpenters, and masons; and they built David a house" (II Samuel 5: 11) Excavations in progress at this site since May 2005 conducted by Eilat Mazar, . . . — Map (db m64064) HM
Israel, Jerusalem District, Jerusalem — The Pool of Shiloah (Siloam)Second Temple Splendor
"The other events of Hezekiah's reign, and all his exploits, and all his exploits, and how he made the pool and the conduit and brought the water into the city, are recorded in the Annals of the Kings of Judah" (II Kings 20:20) . . . — Map (db m63905) HM
Israel, Jerusalem District, Jerusalem — The Royal Quarter (Area G)
"...the city shall be rebuilt on its mound, and the fortress in its proper place" (Jeremiah 30:18) The inhabitants of ancient Jerusalem once built their homes on this hillside. The earliest structure unearthed here . . . — Map (db m63928) HM
Israel, Jerusalem District, Jerusalem — The Water System(Warren's Shaft) — Into the Depths of the Earth Through the Ancient Water System
"And David said on that day: 'Whosoever smiteth the Jebusites, and getteth up to the gutter...'" (II Samuel 5:8) We are standing at the entrance to a subterranean water system. The Gihon Spring was Jerusalem's main . . . — Map (db m63947) HM
Israel, Jerusalem District, Jerusalem — Western WallTemple Mount — [Old City of Jerusalem]
The Divine presence never moves from the Western Wall. Jewish tradition teaches that the Temple Mount is the focal point of Creation. In the center of the mountain lies the “Foundation Stone” of the world. Here Adam came . . . — Map (db m44722) HM
Israel, Negev (Southern), Be''er Sheva — Palmach Negev Brigade MemorialContemporary Art in a Unique Setting
The story of the Negev Brigade in the War of Independence (Nov, 1947 – March, 1949) The Brigade, whose ranks included local settlers, fought courageously against superior forces – Arab irregulars and the invading Egyptian Army . . . — Map (db m92482) WM
Israel, North District, Nazareth — Basilica of the Annunciation
“And the Word became flesh” Historians tell that the Grotto and its surroundings, being the site of the Annunciation were turned into a worship place in the 1st and 2nd Century. -Early sources referred to the place as being . . . — Map (db m44298) HM
Israel, North District, Nazareth — The Church of St. Joseph[Sanctuario di Nazareth]
[Text in Hebrew …] [Text in Arabic…] This church was built in 1914 on the site of an earlier 12th century church. -The caves, granaries and wells in the lower level were used by the early dwellers of Nazareth. Later, . . . — Map (db m44353) HM
Israel, Northern District, Capharnaum — The Synagogue of Jesus
The Late Fourth Century A.D. "White Synagogue" Built Upon the Remains of the "Synagogue of Jesus" Map (db m64091) HM
Israel, Northern District, Nazareth — Mount of PrecipiceThe Leaping Mountain
Rising above the southern part of the Nazareth Mountain Mt. of Precipice (397 meters) Look out over Nazareth, Mt. Tabor and The Yizrael Valley at its foot. Mt. of Precipice is also known as "The Leaping Mountain" - according to old . . . — Map (db m65395) HM
Israel, Northern District, Nazareth — The Ancient Village of Nazareth
What is left of the ancient village consist of a network of grottoes and bits of walls form various historical periods. Going backwards in time we found first the remains of the XVII century Franciscan monastery, then the palace of the crusader . . . — Map (db m65462) HM
Israel, Northern District, Tiberias — "Magic on the sea of galilee..."
Tiberias the capital of the Galilee, one of the four Holy Cities of Israel Which was built by Antipas in the year 17-20, C.E. Antipas named the city Tiberias in honor of the Roman Ceasar, Tiberius. The institution of Jewish Leadership, the Sanhedrin . . . — Map (db m65327) HM
Israel, Northern District, Tiberias — Domestic Building
This building was part of Tiberias' northern quarter between the 6th and 11th centuries CE. The quarter occupied by Jews and the synagogue stood in its center. This building has three rooms and a courtyard with a well. — Map (db m65359) HM
Israel, Northern District, Tiberias — Doors of Burial Caves / Burial Customs - Sarcophagi
[Text at the top of the marker]: Doors of Burial Caves Burial caves were frequently sealed by stone doors in order to prevent bad smells and looting. In 2nd-3rd centuries CE Tiberias, basalt doors were used in mausolea and decorated . . . — Map (db m65341) HM
Israel, Northern District, Tiberias — The Architecture of Tiberias
The Architecture of Tiberias The columns, bases, cornices and capitals attest to the superb architecture of the public buildings in Tiberias. These were built according to the 2nd-3rd centuries CE Roman Imperial tradition. The . . . — Map (db m65352) HM
Israel, Northern District, Tiberias — The Crusader-Ottoman Building / Millstones
[Text at the top of the marker]: The Crusader-Ottoman Building This was built in the 12th century CE and remained in use until the Ottoman period. The hall has typical pointed vaults and embrasures in the walls, with remains of . . . — Map (db m65331) HM
Israel, Northern District, Tiberias — The Southern Wall
The wall was erected by the Beduin Governor of the Tiberias Region, Daher El-Omer, in the 18th century on the basis of the ruins of an earlier wall built by the Crusaders. The wall was destroyed in the 1837 earthquake and since then only . . . — Map (db m65326) HM
Israel, Northern District, Tiberias — The Synagogue
This is one of the thirteen synagogues existed in Tiberias according to the Talmud. It was a square building divided by two rows of columns. One of the mosaics bears a dedication inscription decorated with Jewish symbols: Lulav and Etrog. The . . . — Map (db m65333) HM
Israel, Northern District, Tsipori — The Citadel
The Citadel (perhaps a watch tower) was built during the crusader period on foundations from an earlier period. Some of the cornerstones are rubble-filled Roman sarcophagi. In the 18th Century the building was renovated by Dahr El-Omar, the . . . — Map (db m65412) HM
Israel, Northern District, Tsipori — The Theater
The Roman theater was built in the late first or early second century C.E. Carved into the bedrock on the steep northern slope of the hill. It's diameter is 72 m., and it seated 4000. The rows of seats constructed on the hewn bedrock were robbed . . . — Map (db m65405) HM
Israel, Northern District (Upper Galilee Regional Council), Snir — The Court of Nemesis
Nemesis was the goddess of vengeance and Roman imperial justice. Her long and narrow court was built in 178 CE in front of a great niche in which her statue was placed. A Greek inscription above the niche mentions the names of the goddess and of the . . . — Map (db m64781) HM
Israel, Northern District (Upper Galilee Regional Council), Snir — The Court of Pan & the Nymphs
The stepped and paved courtyard on which you are standing was built in the mid-first century CE. An artificial cave was quarried in the cliff-face opposite the courtyard, and there the statue of Pan was placed. Pagan worship was carried out in this . . . — Map (db m64754) HM
Israel, Northern District (Upper Galilee Regional Council), Snir — The Grotto of the God Panמערת האל פאן
The cave is the nucleus beside which the sacred sanctuary was built. In this "abode of the shepherd god," pagan cult began as early as the 3rd century BCE. The ritual sacrifices were cast into a natural abyss reaching the underground waters at the . . . — Map (db m64738) HM
Israel, Northern District (Upper Galilee Regional Council), Snir — The Sanctuary of Pan
The conquests of Alexander the Great (3rd c. BCE) brought the Greeks to the East, and to Banyas. The Greeks were taken by the natural beauty of the site, touched particularly by the cave in which the springs welled. It is no wonder that they . . . — Map (db m64764) HM
Israel, Northern District (Upper Galilee Regional Council), Snir — The Temple of Augustusמקד ש אוגוסטוס
Built in 19 BCE, during the reign of Herod the Great, in honor of the Roman Emperor Augustus. The coin at the top of this text, shows the facade of the temple. In front of you is the western wall of the hall with semicircular and rectangular niches . . . — Map (db m65177) HM
Israel, Northern District (Upper Galilee Regional Council), Snir — The Temple of Zeus
Built around 96 CE in the days of Emperor Trajan, for the city's 100th anniversary. A marble inscription found at the site implies that it was a temple for Pan and for Zeus of Heliopolis (the city of Ba'albek). Only the foundations of the temple . . . — Map (db m64768) HM
Israel, Southern District (Mehoz HaDarom), Arad — Bathing in Roman Style
"The fittings of the interior - apartments, colonnades and baths - were of manifold variety and sumptuous ..." Josephus Flavius Beyond the human need for cleanliness, the bathhouse also had a social function. Bathing and the . . . — Map (db m64079) HM
Israel, Southern District (Mehoz HaDarom), Arad — Columbarium Tower (dovecot)
Why did the king raise doves on the mountain? There were three columbarium towers on Masada. The one in front of us was used as a dovecot in its ground floor, and as a watchtower in its upper story. In the walls of the dovecot are several . . . — Map (db m64068) HM
Israel, Southern District (Mehoz HaDarom), Arad — The "Casemate of the Scrolls"
A large and rare concentration of finds from the time of the revolt was found in a corner of the room of the wall in which we stand: inscribed sheets of papyrus, fragments of scrolls, silver shekel coins, textiles, sandals, and glass vessels and . . . — Map (db m64071) HM
Israel, Southern District (Mehoz HaDarom), Arad — The Breaching Pointנקודת הפריצה
Here the siege of Masada ended. The ramp that the Romans had built up to the summit of the mountain reached to below this point. At the top of the ramp rose the siege tower, and in it was the battering ram with which the Romans assaulted the . . . — Map (db m64069) HM
Israel, Southern District (Mehoz HaDarom), Arad — The Discovery Location of the "Lots"
"...then, having chosen by lot ten of their number to dispatch the rest... these, having unswervingly slaughtered all, ordained the same rule of the lot for one another, that he on whom it fell should slay first the nine nd then himself last of . . . — Map (db m64101) HM
Israel, Southern District (Mehoz HaDarom), Arad — The Rebel's Community Life
How to organize community life under siege? Near the western entrance square were discovered large concentrations of inscribed pottery shards (ostraca) from the period of the revolt. They bear names, combinations of letters or single letters in . . . — Map (db m64077) HM
Israel, Southern District (Mehoz HaDarom), Arad — The Synagogue
"Long since, my brave men, we determined neither to serve the Romans nor any other save God ..." Josephus Flavius The rebels' way of life on Masada required a building suitable for community meetings and Torah readings. This . . . — Map (db m64076) HM
Israel, Southern District (Mehoz HaDarom), Arad — The Water Gateשער המים
The path that climbed to Masada from the west via the cisterns terminated at this gate. Visitors to the mountain and the beasts of burden that carried water took this path to the summit of Masada. A channel starting at the gate carried to some of . . . — Map (db m64148) HM

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