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Historical Markers in Italy

 
<i>Pompei Giubileo</i> [Pompeii Jubilee] 2000 Marker, upper section image, Click for more information
By Richard E. Miller, May 30, 2011
Pompei Giubileo [Pompeii Jubilee] 2000 Marker, upper section
Italy, Campania (Naples Province), Pompei — Pompei Giubileo [Pompeii Jubilee] 2000Edifici Privati/Private Buildings
[Text in Italian …] Text in English: The destructive fury of Vesuvius raged the 24th August in 79 a.C. Buried under three metres of ash, Pompeii suddenly stopped living. From the Forum to the Temple of Iside; from the House of the . . . — Map (db m48081) HM
Italy, Campania (Naples Province), Pompei — Teatro Grande e Quadriportico/Great Theatre and Quadriporticus — Pompeiviva
Il Teatro Grande fu costruito nel II secolo II a.C., addossando la struttura ad una collina lavica e ristrutturato in epoca augustea. La cavea costituita da gradini in tufo o calcare, ospitava circa 5000 persone in tre zone separate da corridoi . . . — Map (db m47980) HM
Italy, Lazio (Metropolitan City of Rome), Castel Gandolfo — World’s First Mailbox
Città di Castel Gandolfo Il 23 Novembre 1820 Il Consiglio Comunale di Castel Gandolfo Composto da Paolo Mallozzi - Luogotenente Marco Troiani - Capo Pretore Candido Marazzi - Pretore Filippo Albenzi - Pretore E dai . . . — Map (db m32347) HM
Italy, Lazio (Metropolitan City of Rome), Rome — Anfiteatro Flavio/The Flavian Amphitheatre
L’Anfiteatro Flavio, grande edificio pubblico destinato a spettacoli di enorme popolarita, quali le cacce e I combattimenti gladiatori, fu edificato, in luogo del lago atificiale dela Domus Aurea neronicana, dagli imperatori della dinastia . . . — Map (db m47676) HM
Italy, Lazio (Metropolitan City of Rome), Rome — Tabernae at the Front of the Basilica AemiliaTabernae sul Fronte della Basilica Aemilia

Tabernae at the Front of the Basilica Aemilia The Basilica Aemilia faces the Forum with a double order portico: the three granite columns were raised during reconstruction work in the late empire. Behind the portico is a row . . . — Map (db m84409) HM

Italy, Lazio (Metropolitan City of Rome), Rome — 13th Century St. Gregory Monastery Cross-stone

Cross-stone, XIII c., Armenia, Lori Region, St. Gregory Monastery

Gift of the Republic of Armenia to the city of Rome symbolizing the eternal friendship between the Armenian and Italian people.

13 December 2011, Rome — Map (db m86202) HM

Italy, Lazio (Metropolitan City of Rome), Rome — Altar of Caesar / Ara di Cesare

Altar of Caesar ... deposed (beyond bare Caesar) in the Forum, where the palace the ancient Romans is, and you piled on tables, seats and the other timber was there ... ro lit the fire and all the people stood to the axes bonfire at night. . . . — Map (db m84379) HM

Italy, Lazio (Metropolitan City of Rome), Rome — Arch of Constantine
IMP • CAES • FL • CONSTANTINO • MAXIMO • P • F • AVGUSTO • S • P • Q • R • QVOD • INSTINCTV • DIVINITATIS • MENTIS • MAGNITVDINE • CVM • EXERCITV • SVO • TAM • DE • TYRANNO • QVAM • DE • OMNI • EIVS • FACTIONE • VNO • TEMPORE • IVSTIS • . . . — Map (db m47768) HM
Italy, Lazio (Metropolitan City of Rome), Rome — Arch of Titus / Arco di Tito

Arch of Titus The inscription records the dedication of this arch by the Senate and people of Rome to the emperor after his victory over Judea (AD 70). Scenes from the conquest are sculpted on the inside: one panel shows the procession with . . . — Map (db m84024) HM

Italy, Lazio (Metropolitan City of Rome), Rome — Archaic Burial Ground / Sepolcreto Arcaico

Archaic Burial Ground Numerous tombs dating to between the 9th and 7th centuries BC were excavated in this area in 1902, with two types of burials: cremations and inhumations. The former, the oldest tombs, usually contained a funerary urn . . . — Map (db m84349) HM

Italy, Lazio (Metropolitan City of Rome), Rome — Basilica Aemilia Entablature / Trabeazione

The lower order entablature of Basilica Aemilia ------- Trabeazione dell'ordine inferiore della basilica emilia — Map (db m84456) HM

Italy, Lazio (Metropolitan City of Rome), Rome — Buildings Opening Onto The Via NovaAmbienti Aperti Sulla Via Nova

Buildings Opening Onto The Via Nova The buildings that fronted the imperial Via Nova date from the Flavian to the Severan period. They were mostly shops and service structures, but there were also two-storey homes with traces remaining of . . . — Map (db m84269) HM

Italy, Lazio (Metropolitan City of Rome), Rome — Church of Our Lady of VictoryChiesa di Santa Maria della Vittoria — Architetti: C. Maderno, G. L. Bernini, G. B. Soria, G. B. Contini

Church of Our Lady of Victory The Church of Santa Maria della Vittoria stands in the former Via Pia (now Via XX Settembre); its name comes from an image of the Madonna found among the remains of the Castello di Pilsen, thought to have . . . — Map (db m84465) HM

Italy, Lazio (Metropolitan City of Rome), Rome — Church of the Most Holy Trinity of the MountainsChiesa della Santissima Trinita' dei Monti — Architettura: G. della Porta, A. Lippi, G. Caronica, G. A. Dosio

Church of the Most Holy Trinity of the Mountains The SS. Trinità dei Monti with its monastery annex was commissioned in 1502 by Louis XIIth as a church for the French Royal Family. The idea of a church on the Pincio had been promoted by . . . — Map (db m84548) HM

Italy, Lazio (Metropolitan City of Rome), Rome — Domus Augustana. Upper Peristyle / Peristilio Superiore

Domus Augustana. Upper Peristyle The ground floor of the “private” sector of the palace was arranged around a porticoed courtyard with coloured marble columns, identical to that in the “public” sector; at the centre . . . — Map (db m84197) HM

Italy, Lazio (Metropolitan City of Rome), Rome — Domus Flavia, so-called Lararium / Cd. Larario

Domus Flavia. So-called, Lararium The smaller room next to the so-called Audience Chamber is known as the Lararium because when it was discovered it had a podium at the back – accessible from two small staircases and clad in . . . — Map (db m84111) HM

Italy, Lazio (Metropolitan City of Rome), Rome — Domus Flavia. Peristyle / Peristilio

Domus Flavia. Peristyle At the centre of the "public" sector of the palace was a porticoed courtyard (peristyle) with columns in pink marble and capitals in white marble. At its sides were living and dining rooms, some of which have the . . . — Map (db m84247) HM

Italy, Lazio (Metropolitan City of Rome), Rome — Domus Flavia. So-called Basilica / Cd. Basilica

Domus Flavia. So-called Basilica The so-called Basilica takes its name from the architecture of its interior, typical of basilicas: it was divided into three halls by coloured marble columns with an apse at the end closed by a balustrade. . . . — Map (db m84255) HM

Italy, Lazio (Metropolitan City of Rome), Rome — Domus Flavia. So-called. Audience ChamberDomus Flavia. Cd. Aula Regia

Domus Flavia. So-called. Audience Chamber The largest room, probably reserved for audiences with the emperor, is traditionally known as the Audience Chamber. It was of exceptional size (1280 sq m.) and had a complex architectural decoration . . . — Map (db m84249) HM

Italy, Lazio (Metropolitan City of Rome), Rome — Evangelical Methodist Church World War I MemorialChiesa Evangelica Metodisti Memoriale la Prima Guerra Mondiale

Al Methodisti Caduti in Guerra MCMXV - MCMXVIII

[Roll of Honored Dead] — Map (db m84590) WM

Italy, Lazio (Metropolitan City of Rome), Rome — Forum Square

The large paved square at the centre of the Forum, the main space used for public assemblies, remained almost empty of buildings throughout the Republican period (5th-1st centuries BC). During the empire, as its importance decreased with the . . . — Map (db m84411) HM

Italy, Lazio (Metropolitan City of Rome), Rome — Gomez Palace Stables / Scuderie di Palazzo Gomez(G.A. de Rossi, 1678 - G. Valadier, 1794) — Antiques wine cellar

Above the late Renaissance brick valuts [sic - vaults] of an old wine cellar, in 1678, the "Scuderie" of Palazzo GOMEZ [Gomez Palace Stables] were built by the architect G.A. De Rossi, one of the main exponent[s] of the Roman Baroque . . . — Map (db m86222) HM

Italy, Lazio (Metropolitan City of Rome), Rome — Hotel Tiziano

The building hosting the Hotel Tiziano was reconstructed in Corso Vittorio Emanuele II between the years 1886 and 1888 by an architect native of the Ticino region but Roman of birth and culture, Gaetano Koch (1849-1910). The elegant . . . — Map (db m89063) HM

Italy, Lazio (Metropolitan City of Rome), Rome — House of the Griffins / Casa Dei Grifi

House of the Griffins A steep staircase, part of which is ancient, leads from the back of the so-called Lararium to the underground floor of a house dating to the 2nd-1st century BC. Though partly destroyed by the foundations of the palace . . . — Map (db m84245) HM

Italy, Lazio (Metropolitan City of Rome), Rome — Imperial Palace

Imperial Palace The imperial palace stands on the summit of the Palatine and extends to its slopes, occupying much of the hill. It was built by the architect Rabirius on the orders of Domitian (AD 81-96) and inaugurated in AD 92; it was the . . . — Map (db m84136) HM

Italy, Lazio (Metropolitan City of Rome), Rome — Neronian Cryptoporticus / Criptoportico Neroniano

Neronian Cryptoporticus The Cryptoporticus is one of the most distinctive monuments of the Palatine. It is an underground corridor, 130 metres in length, illuminated by basement windows. It connects the south side of the Domus Tiberiana to . . . — Map (db m84256) HM

Italy, Lazio (Metropolitan City of Rome), Rome — Neronian Foundations / Fondazioni Neroniane

Neronian Foundations The concrete foundations that run from the Forum around the corner towards the Palatine, alongside the Arch of Titus, probably pertain to the enormous portico that, according to the ancient sources, Nero had constructed . . . — Map (db m84161) HM

Italy, Lazio (Metropolitan City of Rome), Rome — Neronian Foundations / Fondazioni Neroniane

Neronian Foundations The concrete foundations that run from the Forum around the corner towards the Palatine, alongside the Arch of Titus, probably pertain to the enormous portico that, according to the ancient sources, Nero had constructed . . . — Map (db m84324) HM

Italy, Lazio (Metropolitan City of Rome), Rome — North Facade of the Domus TiberianaFronte Nord Della Domus Tiberiana

North Facade of the Domus Tiberiana The high multi-storey arcades that look out over the Roman Forum were constructed by the emperor Hadrian in order to extend the facade of the Domus Tiberiana to the Via Nova in an architecturally splendid . . . — Map (db m84294) HM

Italy, Lazio (Metropolitan City of Rome), Rome — Nymphaeum and Adjoining Cisterns / Ninfeo e Annesse Cisterne

Nymphaeum and Adjoining Cisterns The short northern side of the "Stadium" - above some service rooms - ended in a square room with niches decorated with statues and fountains fed by a complex system of water pipes. Some large cisterns in . . . — Map (db m84163) HM

Italy, Lazio (Metropolitan City of Rome), Rome — Palatine Museum / Museo Palatino

Palatine Museum The Palatine Museum displays precious finds from excavations on the hill from the 19th century until the present. It was opened in around 1930, re-adapting the 19th-century Convent of the Sisters of the Visitation, in turn . . . — Map (db m84230) HM

Italy, Lazio (Metropolitan City of Rome), Rome — Pamphilj Palace on Navona SquarePalazzo Pamphilj a Piazza Navona — built 16th-17th centuries / secc. XVI-XVII

Architetti [Architects]: F. Borromini (1599-1667) G. Rainaldi (1570-1655) C. Rainaldi (1611-1690) Affreschi [Frescoes]: P. da Cortona (1596-1669) G. Brandi (1621-1691) F. Allegrini (1615/20-post 1679) G. Gimignani (1606-1681) A. . . . — Map (db m86173) HM

Italy, Lazio (Metropolitan City of Rome), Rome — Regia

Located near the temple of Vesta, the Regia is believed to have been built by king Numa Pompilius as the place where the kings of Rome exercised their political and religious power. The plan resembles that of archaic houses and its royal nature . . . — Map (db m84370) HM

Italy, Lazio (Metropolitan City of Rome), Rome — Rione / District X Campitelli

The zone, which is named after the Piazza Campitelli, holds the sites which witnessed the birth of Rome: the municipal castle on the Campidoglio Hill (Arx), formerly the seat of the government, of the civil institutions and of the State . . . — Map (db m84523) HM

Italy, Lazio (Metropolitan City of Rome), Rome — Roman Forum

The Roman Forum lies in the valley surrounded by the Palatine, Capitoline and Esquiline hills. In the Republican period (5th-1st centuries BC) this was the political, economic, religious and commercial heart of ancient Rome. In the 9th-8th . . . — Map (db m84375) HM

Italy, Lazio (Metropolitan City of Rome), Rome — Roman Forum

The Roman Forum retained its importance especially during the Republican period (5th-1st centuries BC), when the valley gradually filled with public buildings whose remains are still preserved. These buildings, which almost always originally . . . — Map (db m84377) HM

Italy, Lazio (Metropolitan City of Rome), Rome — Roman Forum. History of the Excavations

Although the Forum was "rediscovered" in the Renaissance, scientific interest in the area only began in the late 18th century. This led in the 19th century to systematic explorations by illustrious archaeologists, including Carlo Fea, Antonio . . . — Map (db m84407) HM

Italy, Lazio (Metropolitan City of Rome), Rome — Shrine of Venus Cloacina / Sacello di Venere Cloacina

Shrine of Venus Cloacina The circular base is placed above a tuff structure set into the ground, located where the Cloaca Maxima enters the Forum. This is the shrine dedicated to Venus Cloacina, containing two statues with the . . . — Map (db m84449) HM

Italy, Lazio (Metropolitan City of Rome), Rome — So-Called Carcer / Cosiddetto Carcer

So-Called Carcer The three small rooms opening onto a corridor with walls made of large tufa blocks and travertine door and window frames are generally ascribed to a Carcer; this is an error as tradition attests the existence . . . — Map (db m84347) HM

Italy, Lazio (Metropolitan City of Rome), Rome — So-Called Temple of Romulus / Tempio Detto di Romolo

So-Called Temple of Romulus On the basis of a depiction on a coin this building - unusual in shape for Roman architecture - is identified as the temple built by the emperor Maxentius in AD 307 in honour of his son who died in childhood. The . . . — Map (db m84332) HM

Italy, Lazio (Metropolitan City of Rome), Rome — St. Regis GrandArchitetto: Guilio Podesti (1857 - 1909)

The Grand Hotel of Rome has recently been bought and refurbished by a multinational company which has named it the St. Regis Grand. Conceived by the renowned hotelier César Ritz at the suggestion of the then Italian Prime Minister, Marquis . . . — Map (db m85951) HM

Italy, Lazio (Metropolitan City of Rome), Rome — Temple of Antoninus and FaustinaTempio di Antonio e Faustina

Temple of Antoninus and Faustina The temple - as indicated by the inscription - was dedicated by the Senate to Faustina in AD 141 and, when he died, to her husband the emperor Antoninus Pius (138-161 AD). The long walls of the cella, . . . — Map (db m84366) HM

Italy, Lazio (Metropolitan City of Rome), Rome — The Octagonal Fountain of the Domus FlaviaLa Fontana Ottagona Della Domus Flavia

The Octagonal Fountain of the Domus Flavia The great peristyle of the Domus Flavia – the public part of the structure – had at its centre an octagonal fountain taking the form of a labyrinth, a very ancient motif.

The . . . — Map (db m84251) HM

Italy, Lazio (Metropolitan City of Rome), Rome — The Palatine "Stadium" / "Stadio" Palatino

The Palatine "Stadium" This area provides a view from above of the “Stadium”, an important sector of the Flavian Palace which is never given this name in the ancient sources. In fact it was a garden, more specifically a . . . — Map (db m84195) HM

Italy, Lazio (Metropolitan City of Rome), Rome — The Spanish Steps / La Scalinata di Trinità dei Monti

The Spanish Steps Built between 1723 and 1726 following the project of the architect Francesco De Sanctis (1693-1740), the Spanish Steps (Scalinata di Trinità dei Monti) link the Church of Trinità dei Monti located on the slopes of Pincian . . . — Map (db m84492) HM

Italy, Lazio (Metropolitan City of Rome), Rome — The 'Stadium' / Lo 'Stadio'

The 'Stadium' The so-called Stadium, another important area of the Flavian Palace, was in fact a huge rectangular garden area with a hemicycle at one end.

The Garden was enclosed by a portico and its perimeter was marked out by a . . . — Map (db m84166) HM

Italy, Lazio (Metropolitan City of Rome), Rome — The Trevi-Pantheon Route
[Text in Italian: …] Text in English: The Trevi-Pantheon Route forms part of a narrow and winding itinerary which begins in Piazza Farnese and arrives at the slopes of the Quirinale, the route includes the open spaces and the . . . — Map (db m46858) HM
Italy, Lazio (Metropolitan City of Rome), Rome — The Upper Peristyle of the Domus AugustanaIl Peristilio Superiore Della Domus Augustana

The Upper Peristyle of the Domus Augustana Set within the great rectangular basin, with its complex articulated edges, was a miniature temple on a podium. This could be accessed by means of a small bridge supported on small arches, probably . . . — Map (db m84198) HM

Italy, Lazio (Metropolitan City of Rome), Rome — Via Nova

The name Via Nova is generally applied to the stretch of road that runs in a straight line along the north-west slope of the Palatine, almost parallel to the Via Sacra. All the literary sources that mention the Via Nova date to the Republican . . . — Map (db m84268) HM

Italy, Lazio (Metropolitan City of Rome), Rome — Vittorio Emanuele II — [Capitoline Hill]
Monumento a Vittorio Emanuele II secc. XIX-XX Architetti: G. Sacconi, P. Piacentini, G. Koch, M. Manfredi Renderings of the Monument: Pianta * Sezione longitudianle * Prospeto [Left column - Text in . . . — Map (db m47437) HM
Italy, South Tyrol, Bolzano — Cathedral (Parish Church of Our Lady of the Assumption)Duomo (Chiesa parrocchiale di S. Maria Assunta) — Dom (Stadtpfarrkirche Maria Himmelfahrt)
The text of this marker is in three languages; Italian (top), German (middle) and English (bottom). Chiesa parrocchiale di impianto romanico eretta nei secoli XIII e XIV sul luogo di una basilica paleocristiana (V-VI sec.) e di una chiesa . . . — Map (db m68736) HM
Italy, South Tyrol, Bolzano — Dominican Church and MonasteryChiesa e Convento dei Domenicani — Kirche und Kloster der Dominikaner
The text of this marker is in three languages; Italian (top), German (middle) and English (bottom). Complesso conventuale de Domenicani, documentati a Bolzano dal 1272, profondamente modificato dopo la secolarizzazione nel 1785. La chiesa . . . — Map (db m68730) HM
Italy, South Tyrol, Bolzano — First World War Military Hospital
Questo edificio, già convento dei padri Domenicani dal 1276 al 1790, venne adibito durante la prima guerra mondaile ad imperial-regio ospedale militare. Il Capitano Medico Dr. Lorenz Böhler, VI fondo nell’agosto del 1916 la moderna traumatologia. . . . — Map (db m68733) HM
Italy, South Tyrol, Bolzano — Franciscan MonasteryChiesa e Convento dei Francescani — Kirche und Kloster der Franziskaner
The text of this marker is in three languages; Italian (top), German (middle) and English (bottom). Complesso conventuale dei Francescani, documenti a Bolzano dal 1237, sorto su un terreno del Vescovo di Bressanone attorno all’antica . . . — Map (db m68727) HM
Italy, South Tyrol, Bolzano — Mercantile PalacePalazzo Mercantile — Merkantilgebäude
The text of this marker is in three languages; Italian (top), German (middle) and English (bottom). Antica sede del Magistrato Mercantile, organo giurisdizionale dell’atività fieristica di Bolzano intituito nel 1635 dall’arciduchessa . . . — Map (db m68724) HM
Italy, South Tyrol, Bolzano — Neptune’s FountainFontana del Nettuno — Neptun-Brummen
The text of this marker is in three languages; Italian (top), German (middle) and English (bottom). Fusione in bronzo di Joachim Reiss, su modello dello scultore Georg Mayr. Collacata nel 1777 sul luogo dell’antica berlina, veniva . . . — Map (db m68726) HM
Italy, South Tyrol, Bolzano — Residence of the Troilo FamilyResidenza Troilo — Troyburg
The text of this marker is in three languages; Italian (top), German (middle) and English (bottom). Edificio di impianto tardo-medievale amplliato nel tardo Cinquecento, originaria dimora dell’omonima famiglia di mercanti roveretani. . . . — Map (db m68725) HM
Italy, South Tyrol, Bolzano — The Church of the Sacred Heart of JesusChiesa del Sacro Cuore — Herz-Jesu-Kirche
The text of this marker is in three languages; Italian (top), German (middle) and English (bottom). Chiesa neoromanica a tre navate (1897-1899), construita assieme all’annesso convento su progetto dell’architetto J. Bittner in occasione . . . — Map (db m68729) HM
Italy, South Tyrol, Kastelruth — Josef Riehl
. . . — Map (db m69173) HM
Italy, South Tyrol, Ortisei — Ortisei War Memorial
This marker is in three languages; Ladin, the local language of South Tyrol, German and Italian. (Ladin) La capela di turnei foya unida fata su do la Prima Gran Viera sciche luech de lecort per i 96 saudeies dla pluania de Urtijëi turnei . . . — Map (db m69172) HM WM

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