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District of Columbia Historical Markers

896 markers matched your search criteria. The first 200 markers are listed. Next 696
 
Jones-Haywood School of Ballet Marker image, Click for more information
By Allen C. Browne, May 25, 2013
Jones-Haywood School of Ballet Marker
District of Columbia (Washington), 16th Street Heights — Jones-Haywood School of Ballet — African American Heritage Trail, Washington DC
1200 Delafield Place, N.W. The Jones Haywood School of Ballet was founded here by Doris W. Jones and Claire H. Haywood in 1941. Their Capitol Ballet Company, established in 1961, remained the nation's only predominantly African American, . . . — Map (db m65511) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), 16th Street Heights — 2 — Mayor Emery and the Union Army — Battleground to Community — Brightwood Heritage Trail
The City Park across the street was once Emery Place, the summer estate of Matthew Gault Emery. A prominent builder, Emery was Washington City's last elected mayor during the period of home rule. He was succeeded in 1874 by a presidentially . . . — Map (db m72816) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), 16th Street Heights — 1 — Racing at Brightwood — Battleground to Community — Brightwood Heritage Trail
Fresh Water Springs in this pleasant high ground once drew European settlers. Farmers called the area "Crystal Spring." In 1859 the half-mile Crystal Spring Racetrack opened on land to your left. For 75 cents, Washingtonians hopped a stagecoach . . . — Map (db m99187) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Adams-Morgan — 5 of 18 — Ambassadors of Faith — Roads to Diversity — Adams Morgan Heritage Trail
Three dramatic religious structures dominate this corner. They are among some 40 religious institutions lining 16th Street between the White House and the Maryland state line. Many serve as unofficial “embassies” representing the . . . — Map (db m17076) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Adams-Morgan — Embassy of the Republic of Lithuania — Mrs. Henderson's Favorite Embassy — Adams Morgan Heritage Trail
You are standing in front of the Embassy of the Republic of Lithuania. The Spanish Baroque style mansion is all that remains of what was once a duplex, or double, embassy building designed by George Oakley Totten for Mary Foote Henderson's . . . — Map (db m82711) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Adams-Morgan — Embassy of the Republic of Poland — A Beaux-Arts Beauty — Adams Morgan Heritage Trail
You are now standing in front of the longest-serving embassy building among Washington DC's more than 180 diplomatic missions: the Embassy of the Republic of Poland. Renowned architect George Oakley Totten designed the building for Mary Foote . . . — Map (db m83344) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Adams-Morgan — 7 of 18 — Lanier Place — Roads to Diversity — Adams Morgan Heritage Trail
Banker Archibald McLachlan and Smithsonian Institution naturalist George Brown Goode developed Lanier Heights in the early 1890s. Goode laid out streets and encouraged Smithsonian colleagues to purchase lots. McLachlan built the elegant Ontario . . . — Map (db m17295) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Adams-Morgan — 4 of 18 — Life on the Park — Roads to Diversity — Adams Morgan Heritage Trail
During the Civil War (1861-1865), the Union Army Carver Hospital and barracks occupied Meridian Hill. The facilities attracted African American freedom seekers looking for protection and employment. By war’s end, a Black community had put down . . . — Map (db m17032) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Adams-Morgan — Lithuania's March to Freedom — Keeping a Nation Alive — Adams Morgan Heritage Trail
Since 1924 this mansion has housed representatives of the Republic of Lithuania, even during the 50 years when the country was occupied by the Soviet Union. In the late 1700s, the Russian Empire annexed Lithuania's territory, ending the . . . — Map (db m82751) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Adams-Morgan — 2 of 18 — Meridian Hill/Malcolm X Park — Roads to Diversity — Adams Morgan Heritage Trail
Long before Europeans arrived, Meridian Hill was a sacred place for Native Americans. As recently as 1992, a delegation of Native Americans walked across the continent to this park to mourn the 500th anniversary of Columbus’s arrival. They were . . . — Map (db m16910) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Adams-Morgan — 1 of 18 — Mrs. Henderson's Legacy — Roads to Diversity — Adams Morgan Heritage Trail
As you look up the hill, you can see Peter C. L’Enfant’s 1791 plan for Washington ended up here in front of you at Boundary Avenue, now Florida Avenue. Back then, when people walked or rode in horse-drawn vehicles, it was hard to climb this steep . . . — Map (db m16893) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Adams-Morgan — Polish-U.S. Diplomatic Relations — History Lives — Adams Morgan Heritage Trail
When Poland declared its independence in 1918 after 123 years or foreign partition, the first prime minister of independent Poland — Ignacy Jan Paderewski — sent Prince Kazimierz Lubomirski to Washington as the country's first . . . — Map (db m82636) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Adams-Morgan — President Reagan Assassination Attempt — National Historic Place
On March 30, 1981, President Ronald Reagan marked the 100th visit to Washington Hilton by a sitting U.S. President. Reagan had been invited to speak in the International Ballroom at a meeting of the North America's Building Trades Unions. Upon . . . — Map (db m93218) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Adams-Morgan — The ›Duke‹ Ellington Memorial Bridge
Named in honor of Edward Kennedy Ellington 1899-1974 Native Son Composer - Performer - Playwright International Statesman of Goodwill — Map (db m67913) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Adams-Morgan — 6 of 18 — The Latino Community — Roads to Diversity — Adams Morgan Heritage Trail
This is the heart of Washington’s Latino community. Once centered here and in nearby Mount Pleasant and Columbia Heights, the community now extends throughout the region. As early as the 1910s, the Mexican, Ecuadoran, Cuban, and Spanish . . . — Map (db m17167) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Adams-Morgan — 3 of 18 — The Roots of Reed-Cooke — Roads to Diversity — Adams Morgan Heritage Trail
In 1947, the building on your left opened as the National Arena, a public roller rink and bowling alley. It also hosted professional wrestling, roller derbies, and rock concerts. In 1986 it became the Citadel Motion Picture Center, where portions of . . . — Map (db m17031) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Adams-Morgan — 11 of 18 — Walter Pierce Park — Roads to Diversity — Adams Morgan Heritage Trail
The Rock Creek Valley, once home to Native Americans, had attracted European settlers by 1703. Before he became president in 1825, John Quincy Adams purchased Adams Mills on Rock Creek from his cousin. The mills, just down the hill, processed flour . . . — Map (db m99394) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), American University Park — 12 — A Spirit of Community — Top of the Town — Tenleytown Heritage Trail
Text On Main Face of Marker

Episcopalians first gathered here to worship in 1874, when St. Alban's Church, located on Wisconsin Avenue and Massachusetts, started a mission for the area. In good weather, services took place under a . . . — Map (db m68271) HM

District of Columbia (Washington), American University Park — 17 — American University — Top of the Town — Tenleytown Heritage Trail
Beyond Ward Circle to your left is the campus of American University, chartered by Congress in 1893. Methodist Bishop John Fletcher Hurst guided the university’s development as a center for training future public servants. With its schools in . . . — Map (db m51839) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), American University Park — 15 — For the Children — Top of the Town — Tenleytown Heritage Trail
From 1927 until the late 1950s, the landscaped grounds across the street were the Hillcrest Children’s Center. It was founded downtown in 1814 as the Washington City Orphan Asylum by Marcia Burnes Van Ness and President Madison’s wife Dolley. The . . . — Map (db m80468) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), American University Park — Fort Bayard
Civil War Defenses of Washington 1861-1865. No visible evidence remains of Fort Bayard, which stood at the top of this hill. Named for Brig. Gen. George Bayard, mortally wounded at the Battle of Fredericksburg on December 13, 1862. — Map (db m124) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), American University Park — General Artemas Ward Monument — 1727–1800
Son of Massachusetts • Graduate of Harvard College • Judge and legislator • Delegate 1780–1781 to the Continental Congress • Soldier of three wars • First commander of patriot forces. — Map (db m48362) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), American University Park — 18 — Live on Our Stage! — Top of the Town — Tenleytown Heritage Trail
When NBC radio and television and its local affiliate, WRC, moved to these new headquarters in 1958, the average TV screen measured 12 inches. The facility opened with six studios—three TV and three radio. Soon history happened here. On . . . — Map (db m47866) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), American University Park — 16 — Winning the War — Top of the Town — Tenleytown Heritage Trail
The U.S. Navy arrived across the street at 3801 Nebraska Avenue during World War II, taking the Colonial style red-brick campus of Mount Vernon Seminary for secret “essential wartime activities.” Soon more than 5,000 workers occupied . . . — Map (db m47787) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Anacostia — 9 — A Museum for the Community — An East-of-the-River View — Anacostia Heritage Trail
Across the street is the former Carver Theatre, built in 1948 as the first nonsegregated movie house in Southeast Washington. It closed in 1957 becoming, in turn, a roller rink, a church, and a funeral parlor. Then a decade later, a museum . . . — Map (db m100824) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Anacostia — Barry Farm - Hillsdale — Bounded by St. Elizabeths Hospital, Alabama Avenue and Morris Road, SE, and the Anacostia River — African American Heritage Trail, Washington, DC
In 1867 the U.S. Bureau of Refugees, Freedmen, and Abandoned Lands (Freedmen’s Bureau) purchased 375 acres from white farmers David and Julia Barry to resettle formerly enslaved African Americans. By 1870 more than 500 families had purchased lots . . . — Map (db m33732) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Anacostia — Battery Ricketts — Civil War Defenses of Washington — 1861-1865
Earthworks of Battery Ricketts are visible inside the wooded area in front of you. Battery Ricketts, built to defend an area in front of Fort Stanton, was named for Maj. Gen. James B. Ricketts. — Map (db m10622) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Anacostia — 8 — Birney School — An East-of-the River View — Anacostia Heritage Trail
The Handsome Italian Renaissance Building. across the street opened as James G. Birney Elementary School in 1901. Its wood-frame predecessor, the original 1889 Birney School, was the first school built with public funds for African American . . . — Map (db m100669) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Anacostia — 14 — Booth's Escape — An East-of-the-River View — Anacostia Heritage Trail
Late On The Night Of April 14, 1865, a guard at the other end of the Navy Yard Bridge allowed a young man on horseback to cross, despite a wartime curfew. Unbeknownst to the guard, the rider, John Wilkes Booth, had just shot President Abraham . . . — Map (db m100715) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Anacostia — 10 — Crossing Lines — An East-of-the-River View — Anacostia Heritage Trail
Across the street is the former 11th Precinct Police Station. In 1993 it became the Max Robinson Center for Health and Living, providing services for people with HIV/AIDS. Whether by design or by accident, in 1910 the city built . . . — Map (db m100763) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Anacostia — 17 — Education Matters — An East-of-the-River View — Anacostia Heritage Trail
Anacostia's Ketcham School (across Good Hope Road) opened in 1908 to serve white elementary school children. For junior and senior high school, whites crossed the river until 1935, when Anacostia Junior-Senior High School opened at 16th and R . . . — Map (db m100271) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Anacostia — 2 — Faith and Action — An East-of-the-River View — Anacostia Heritage Trail
Settled by the formerly enslaved. Some Barry Farm-era churches still serve the neighborhood. Macedonia Baptist Church, about a block to your left at 2625 Stanton Road, was organized in 1866 by Rev. James William Howard. Ten years later a group . . . — Map (db m100825) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Anacostia — Fort Carroll — Civil War Defenses of Washington — 1861-1865
Earthworks of Fort Carroll are visible 100 yards to the right at the top of the hill. Fort Carroll was named in honor of Maj. Gen. Samuel Sprigg Carroll, a West Point graduate from the District of Columbia. — Map (db m10614) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Anacostia — Fort Greble — Civil War Defenses of Washington — 1861-1865
Earthworks of Fort Greble are visible beyond this exhibit. Fort Greble was named in honor of Lt. John T. Greble, slain at the Battle of Big Bethel, June 10, 1861, the first U.S. Military Academy graduate killed in the Civil War. — Map (db m40866) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Anacostia — Fort Stanton — Civil War Defenses of Washington — 1861 – 1865
Earthworks of Fort Stanton are visible in the wooded area 200 yards in front of you. Diagram: Fort Stanton from U.S. Army Corps of Engineers drawing. Fort Stanton was named for Secretary of War Edwin M. Stanton, was the first fort . . . — Map (db m46623) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Anacostia — Frederick Douglass National Historic Site
Also known as Cedar Hill, this site encompasses the estate owned by Frederick Douglass from 1877 until his death in 1895. In honor of Douglass’ work as an author, orator, abolitionist, statesman, and civil rights leader, this site is designated a . . . — Map (db m40846) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Anacostia — 19 — Mother Churches and Their Daughters — An East-of-the-River View — Anacostia Heritage Trail
Across This Intersection is St. Teresa of Avila, the first Catholic Church east of the Anacostia River. It is called the “mother church” because many area congregations are its offshoots.

As Uniontown grew, so did its Catholic . . . — Map (db m100775) HM

District of Columbia (Washington), Anacostia — Nichols Avenue Elementary School/Old Birney School Site — 2427 Martin Luther King Jr. Avenue, SE — African American Heritage Trail, Washington DC
James G. Birney Elementary School (founded 1889) was the city's first public school for African Americans in this area, then known as Hillsdale. Previously, residents organized their own schools. The Old Birney School expanded in 1901 with the . . . — Map (db m100679) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Anacostia — St. Elizabeths Hospital
has been designated a National Historic Landmark This site possesses national significance in commemorating the history of the United States of America. — Map (db m58305) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Anacostia — The Big Chair
Re-dedication April 25, 2006. This community landmark represents the Curtis Companies long standing allegience to the neighborhood and steadfast committment to unity, prosperity and good will to all Washingtonians and friends of Anacostia. . . . — Map (db m5446) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Anacostia — 12 — The Big Chair — An East-of-the-River View — Anacostia Heritage Trail
This Anacostia icon once marked the entrance to Curtis Brothers Furniture Co. The business dated to 1926, when young Fred and George Curtis acquired a Model T Ford truck to deliver ice, then progressed to moving furniture. They soon rented a . . . — Map (db m100690) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Anacostia — The Growlery
Here stood Frederick Douglass’ rustic retreat from domestic society, where he could think, read and write undisturbed. Evoking the image of a lion’s lair, he called his hideaway the Growlery. It was simply furnished with a lounge, a high desk and a . . . — Map (db m5362) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Anacostia — 18 — The Sage of Anacostia — An East-of-the River View — Anacostia Heritage Trail
This imposing property once belonged to Anacostia’s most famous resident: Frederick Douglass. After escaping slavery as a young man, Douglass rose to become a distinguished abolitionist, writer, publisher, and orator. By the 1860s Douglass was one . . . — Map (db m88723) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Anacostia — The World’s Largest Chair
Presented to Curtis Bros. for their outstanding leadership and service to the public by the Basset Furniture Industries. The chair made of solid Honduras mahogany is 19½ feet tall and weighs 4600 pounds. Designer: Leo M. . . . — Map (db m5459) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Anacostia — 17 — Uniontown, DC's First Suburb — East-of-the-River View — Anacostia Heritage Trail
Today's Anacostia Historic District began in 1854 as Uniontown, Washington's first planned suburb. The Union Land Association saw the large Navy Yard workforce across the Anacostia River as potential customers for building lots they carved out . . . — Map (db m95972) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Arboretum — Capitol Columns
These 22 Corinthian sandstone columns were among 24 that were part of the east portico of the United States Capitol. Architect Charles Bullfinch oversaw construction of the portico using a design handed down by his predecessors, William Thornton and . . . — Map (db m918) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Arboretum — Morrison Azalea Garden
Assembled in this garden is a permanent collection of the Glenn Dale Hybrid Azaleas, originated, selected, and named by B. Y. Morrison, first Director of the U.S. National Arboretum. — Map (db m966) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Arboretum — National Capitol Columns
The presence of the National Capitol Columns on the knoll in this meadow was the inspiration of Ethel Shields Garrett, patron and friend of the National Arboretum. It was through her vision, courage, and determination for thirty years that these . . . — Map (db m917) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Arboretum — Sandstone Sculptures
The sandstone base and capital are from a Corinthian column that once graced the east central portico of the United States Capitol. The columns were dismantled in 1958 to make way for the east front extension, where marble reproductions now stand. . . . — Map (db m7621) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Barney Circle — "The Healing Poles" — 9-11 Memorial — [Historic Congressional Cemetery]
Peace – War [Rendering of the Healing Totem Poles] Liberty - Freedom SOVEREIGNTY The cross piece at the top carries two eagles: Peace, a female, faces east; War, a male, faces west. The eagles are symbols of courage . . . — Map (db m39960) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Barney Circle — Barney at Bladensburg — Star-Spangled Banner National Historic Trail
Barney Circle honors U.S. Navy Commodore Joshua Barney. In August 1814, Barney, his Chesapeake Flotillamen, and a contingent of U.S. Marines guarded a bridge over the Eastern Branch (Anacostia River) on today's Bladensburg Road, NE. When it became . . . — Map (db m80473) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Barney Circle — Elbridge Gerry
. . . — Map (db m81296) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Barney Circle — F-16 Fighting Falcon — 113 Wing, D.C. Air National Guard
Fighting Falcon The F-16 became the D.C. Air National Guard alert duty aircraft on Sept. 11, 2001. For twelve years, this capable fighter has responded to more than 4,000 individual alert missions over the District of Columbia. The . . . — Map (db m74097) HM WM
District of Columbia (Washington), Barney Circle — General Peterson Goodwyn
Commemorating The American Revolutionary Service of General Peterson Goodwyn General Peterson Goodwyn equipped his own company and was cited for gallantry at the battles of Smithfield and Great Bridge — member of the Virginia House of . . . — Map (db m80692) WM
District of Columbia (Washington), Barney Circle — Heroes of 1814 — Star-Spangled Banner Historic Trail
Congressional Cemetery, founded 1807, is the resting ground for many War of 1812 figures. Among them are Navy Yard Commandant Thomas Tingey, the first architect of the Capitol, Dr. William Thornton, State Department Clerk Stephen Pleasonton, and . . . — Map (db m80481) HM WM
District of Columbia (Washington), Barney Circle — Historic Congressional Cemetery — National Register of Historic Places
Historic Congressional Cemetery listed in the National Registry of Historic Places and District of Columbia Landmarks — Map (db m74098) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Barney Circle — John Philip Sousa — Congressional Cemetery
John Philip Sousa (1854–1932), known as the “March King,” grew up in Washington on G Street SE, between 6th and 7th. Sousa became a leader of the Marine Band in 1880 and served in this position for 12 years, leading band tours . . . — Map (db m82268) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Barney Circle — Seafarers Yacht Club — African American Heritage Trail - Washington, D.C. — 1950 M Street
The Seafarers Yacht Club is the oldest African American boat club on the East Coast. It was founded in 1945 by Lewis T. Green, Sr., a vocational arts teacher in the DC Public Schools who built boats as a hobby. Needing a dock, he contacted the U.S. . . . — Map (db m89445) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Barney Circle — U.S. Arsenal Explosion Memorial
Dedicated to the Memory of the Victims of the U.S. Arsenal Explosion on June 17, 1864 Ellen Roche Julia McEwen Bridget Dunn W. E. Tippett Margaret Horan Johanna Connors Susan Harris Lizzie Brahler Margaret Yonson . . . — Map (db m80961) WM
District of Columbia (Washington), Barney Circle — UH-IV Iroquois — Army National Guard — District of Columbia Armory
The venerable UH-I “HUEY” helicopter was a beloved work horse for the District of Columbia Army National Guard, safely and reliably supporting the Nation’s Capital for over 40 years. With 2-4 crew members, HUEYs carried up to 6 . . . — Map (db m73785) HM WM
District of Columbia (Washington), Barry Farm — Campbell African Methodist Episcopal Church — 2562 Martin Luther King, Jr. Avenue, SE — African American Heritage Trail, Washington, DC
Campbell AME, established in 1867 as Mount Zion AME, was an outgrowth of its overcrowded parent church, Allen Chapel AME, founded in 1850. When it moved to a location near the present one in 1890, Mount Zion was renamed for AME Bishop Jabez B. . . . — Map (db m33749) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Barry Farm — 4 — Hillsdale — An East of the River View — Anacostia Heritage Trail
You are standing in the middle of what once was a large estate owned by James Barry. The Washington City merchant, land speculator, and councilman purchased part of the "St. Elizabeths" tract hoping to profit as the city expanded eastward. . . . — Map (db m101706) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Barry Farm — 5 — The Curative Powers of Nature — An East-of-the-River View — Anacostia Heritage Trail
The Fence and wall ahead of you, on either side of Martin Luther King Jr. Avenue, enclose historic St. Elizabeths Hospital. The pioneering facility opened in 1855 to treat mentally ill members of the armed forces and DC residents. At a time when . . . — Map (db m100694) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Benning Ridge — Fort Chaplin — Civil War Defenses of Washington — 1861-1865
Earthworks of Fort Chaplin are visible through the wooded areas at the top of the hill. Fort Chaplin was named in honor of Col. Daniel Chaplin, who was mortally wounded on August 17, 1864, at Deep Bottom, Virginia. — Map (db m10628) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Bloomingdale — Metropolitan Wesley A.M.E. Zion Church — The Gate Way to Freedom
Organized 1832. 2nd Church Built 1833. Admitted to Philadelphia-Baltimore Conference, 1837. 3rd Church Built 1888. Relocated present site, 1956. Bishop Raymond Luthe Jones, Presiding Bishop, 4th Episcopal District. Dr. William B. . . . — Map (db m11042) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Brentwood — Former Site, Columbian Harmony Cemetery — 1857-1959
Many distinguished Black citizens including Civil War veterans were buried in this cemetery. These bodies now rest in the new National Harmony Memorial Park Cemetery in Maryland. — Map (db m16069) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Brightwood — 16 — “Get Down You Fool” — Battleground to Community — Brightwood Heritage Trail
Hearing those words, President Abraham Lincoln ducked down from the Fort Stevens parapet during the Civil War battle that stopped the Confederates from taking Washington. On July 9, 1864, some 15,000 Rebels led by General Jubal A. Early defeated . . . — Map (db m72829) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Brightwood — 18 — A Streetcar Named Brightwood — Battleground to Community — Brightwood Heritage Trail
The Large Structure across Georgia Avenue opened in 1909 as a "car barn" for the Brightwood Railway. The facility could service more than 40 streetcars at once, and often did so late at night. As a young boy in the 1950s, Thomas Reardon . . . — Map (db m72831) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Brightwood — 7 — An African American Enclave — Battleground to Community — Brightwood Heritage Trail
Even Before Emancipation freed Washington's enslaved people in April 1862, a free African American community had developed here amid the European American farmers. The District of Columbia, unlike its neighbors, permitted the formerly enslaved . . . — Map (db m72821) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Brightwood — Army Medical Museum
Army Medical Museum has been designated a registered National Historic Landmark under the provision of the Historic Sites Act of August 21, 1935. This site possesses exceptional value in commemorating and illustrating the history of the United . . . — Map (db m17095) WM
District of Columbia (Washington), Brightwood — 17 — Aunt Betty's Story — Battleground to Community — Brightwood Heritage Trail
Elizabeth Proctor Thomas (1821-1917), a free Black woman whose image appears on each Brightwood Heritage Trail sign, once owned 11 acres in this area. Known, respectfully in her old age as "Aunt Betty," Thomas and her husband James farmed and kept . . . — Map (db m72830) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Brightwood — 12 — Automobiling on The Avenue — Battleground to Community — Brightwood Heritage Trail
This busy section once was a "Country Road" to Washingtonians looking for peace and recreation. If you drove by here a century ago, you would have passed woods and large estates, and might even have seen fox hunters. Across Georgia was the . . . — Map (db m72813) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Brightwood — 13 — Battleground National Cemetery — Battleground to Community — Brightwood Heritage Trail
After the rebels were turned back as the Battle of Fort Stevens ended in 1864, scores of Union Soldiers lay cold and silent. Forty-one of them are buried here in this tiny plot dedicated to their sacrifice. President Abraham Lincoln, who . . . — Map (db m72825) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Brightwood — 5 — Build It And They Will Come — Battleground to Community — Brightwood Heritage Trail
In 1818 the Private Rockville and Washington Turnpike Co. began building a road to link Washington City to Rockville, Maryland. This road helped create a village. A toll gate on what today is Georgia Avenue between Quackenbos and Rittenhouse . . . — Map (db m72819) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Brightwood — 4 — Crossroads Create Community — Battleground to Community — Brightwood Heritage Trail
The Grand, Neo-classical Revival style building that you see across Georgia Avenue north of Missouri opened in 1925 as the Bank of Brightwood, thanks to efforts of the Brightwood Citizens Association. Designed by Treasury Department architect . . . — Map (db m72818) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Brightwood — 8 — Early Entrepreneurs — Battleground to Community — Brightwood Heritage Trail
Apple and Peach Trees once covered the slopes to your left, some 40 acres' worth, all planted by noted horticulturalist John Saul (1819-1897). In the 1870s Saul was one of Brghtwood's largest landowners. In addition to these orchards, he . . . — Map (db m72822) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Brightwood — Fort Slocum — Civil War Defenses of Washington — 1861-1865
No visible evidence remains of Fort Slocum, which stood here and across Kansas Avenue to your left. Cannon mounted at Fort Totten helped repulse a Confederate attack on Fort Stevens, July 11-12, 1864. — Map (db m3012) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Brightwood — Fort Stevens
Civil War Defenses of Washington 1861-1865 The partial reconstruction of Fort Stevens that you see today was done by the Civilian Conservation Corps in 1937. No visible evidence of the original fort remains. Battle of Fort Stevens July 11-12, . . . — Map (db m3028) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Brightwood — Fort Stevens — Rock Creek Park
We haven’t taken Washington, but we scared Abe Lincoln like hell! ” General Jubal Anderson Early Built between 1861-1863 this structure was originally called Fort Massachusetts and guarded the northern defenses of the . . . — Map (db m49456) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Brightwood — 3 — Hold the Mayo! — Battleground to Community — Brightwood Heritage Trail
English, Irish and German settlers, as well as enslaved and free African Americans, were the first non-natives to claim Brightwood. Farmers dominated until the Civil War. Then in the 1890s electric streetcars allowed government workers to live . . . — Map (db m72817) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Brightwood — Lincoln Under Fire at Fort Stevens
July 12, 1864. — Map (db m901) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Brightwood — Military Road School — 1375 Missouri Avenue, NW — African American Heritage Trail, Washington DC
The Military Road School opened in 1864 here along what then was Military Road, an artery linking Civil War forts. The School was one of the first to open after Congress authorized public education for Washington's African Americans in 1862. . . . — Map (db m70464) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Brightwood — 9 — Never Again Such Homes At the Price! — Battleground to Community — Brightwood Heritage Trail
We have Harry Wardman to thank for the rich variety of Sheridan Street rowhouses. Wardman, considered Washington's most prolific developer, built hundreds of offices, apartments, hotels, and comfortable rowhouses from 1899 to 1939. When he . . . — Map (db m72823) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Brightwood — 14 — Park and Shop! — Battleground to Community — Brightwood Heritage Trail
Back in the 1920s, most people walked or rode a streetcar to go shopping. Then cars became affordable, and people drove everywhere. Soon the shopping center, with free parking, was born. In 1937 Brightwood's "Park and Shop" opened on Georgia . . . — Map (db m72826) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Brightwood — Scale Model of Fort Stevens
Dedicated September 1936 in memory of The Grand Army of the Republic by the Daughters of Union Veterans of the Civil War 1861-1865 — Map (db m49526) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Brightwood — 6 — School Days — Battleground to Community — Brightwood Heritage Trail
The School Building Just Ahead of You Opened In 1912 as the Military Road School, the area's third public elementary for African Americans. For decades it was the only public school serving black children in Upper Northwest and nearby . . . — Map (db m72820) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Brightwood — Site of a Tulip Tree
Used as a signal station · by · Confederate soldiers under Gen. Jubal A. Early during the attack on · Washington · July 11 and 12, 1864 Also used by Confederate Sharpshooters The lower plaque reads: Two cannon balls . . . — Map (db m42698) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Brightwood — 15 — The Rock on Brightwood Avenue — Battleground to Community — Brightwood Heritage Trail
Across Quackenbos Street is Emory United Methodist Church. Named to honor Bishop John Emory of Maryland (1789-1835), the congregation dates from 1832. From the beginning, Emory welcomed all races but, like most Washington churches then, seated . . . — Map (db m72827) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Brightwood — 10 — The Seventh Street Turnpike — Battleground to Community — Brightwood Heritage Trail
On July 11 and 12, 1864, this intersection was the center of the only Civil War battle fought in the District of Columbia. Here, Union sharpshooters at Fort Stevens, supported by forces across the northernmost of Washington's ring of forts, . . . — Map (db m72824) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Brightwood — Walter Reed Army Medical Center
Named in honor of Major Walter Reed, pioneer in military medicine. Although first envisioned during the Civil War, it was not until 1909 that an army general hospital was built in Washington. Named in honor of Major Walter Reed, famed for . . . — Map (db m14164) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Brightwood — Walter Reed Memorial
[Front]Walter Reed 1851 - 1902 Bacteriologist - Research Scientist In Honor of his great work in the fight for the eradication of yellow Fever. [Back:] [Insignia of the Army Medical Corps] In recognition of the high public . . . — Map (db m68990) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Brightwood — What a Beautiful Location, Brightwood — Battleground to Community — Brightwood Heritage Trail
In the 1930s as now, this area was a family friendly, "move-up" destination for hard-working government clerks and professionals. Like many DC neighborhoods, Brightwood had covenants prohibiting sales to certain white ethnics and African . . . — Map (db m72777) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Brookland — Charles Richard Drew Memorial Bridge
Named in honor of Dr. Charles Richard Drew, 1904-1950 esteemed citizen of the District of Columbia athlete, scholar, surgeon, and scientist whose discoveries in blood preservation saved thousands of lives. — Map (db m6262) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Buena Vista — 1 — A Navy Town — An East-of-the-River View — Anacostia HeritageTrail
Long before Metro opened a Green Line station here in 1991, the B&O Railroad's Alexandria Branch line ran a block behind you, along the river. The Washington & Anacostia Street Railway ran along Martin Luther King Jr. Avenue a block ahead. The . . . — Map (db m88721) HM WM
District of Columbia (Washington), Capitol Hill — “The President’s Trees”
Dedicated by Maryland State Society, Daughters of the American Revolution, April 21, 1934. Growing on land that was once a part of Maryland and was in 1790 her gift to the United States of America for the national capitol, the 31 trees in this group . . . — Map (db m4893) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Capitol Hill — 6 of 16 — A Neighborhood For Everyone — Tour of Duty — Barracks Row Heritage Trail
THE BUILDINGS NEAR THIS CORNER were built during a wave of private development that began after the United States won the Spanish-American War in 1898, and became a world power for the first time. As America flexed its muscles, the world — and . . . — Map (db m57119) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Capitol Hill — Acacia Life Insurance Building – 1936
Acacia Life Insurance Building – 1936 On March 3, 1869, President Andrew Johnson signed the Congressional Act chartering The Masonic Mutual Relief Association that became Acacia Life Insurance Company. Built as its headquarters . . . — Map (db m41886) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Capitol Hill — Alva Belmont House
Of this House The oldest part is one of the earliest buildings in this region. Robert Sewall bought the property and enlarged the house in 1799, and rebuilt and greatly altered it after war damage in 1814. Residence and office of . . . — Map (db m69271) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Capitol Hill — 12 — Christ Church and Its Parishioners — Tour of Duty — Barracks Row Heritage Trail
This is Christ Church, Washington Parish, the first Episcopal church established in Washington City (1794), and attended by Presidents Thomas Jefferson and John Quincy Adams. At first Christ Church met in a nearby tobacco warehouse. In 1806 . . . — Map (db m39235) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Capitol Hill — Christ Church, Washington Parish — Founded May 25, 1795 — [National Register of Historic Places]
First church in City of Washington. Present edifice dedicated October 8, 1809, by Bishop Thomas J. Claggett, first bishop consecrated on American soil - in New York, 1792. — Map (db m39163) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Capitol Hill — Christopher Columbus
To the memory of Christopher Columbus whose high faith and indominable courage gave to mankind a new world. Born MCDXXXVI - Died MDIV — Map (db m8603) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Capitol Hill — 3 — Commerce and Community — Tour of Duty — Barracks Row Heritage Trail
The home/music studio of John Esputa, Jr., once occupied the site of 511 Eighth Street (Shakespeare Theatre’s rehearsal hall.) Among Esputa’s students in 1861 was eight-year-old John Philip Sousa, whose irresistible marches made him one of America’s . . . — Map (db m64884) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Capitol Hill — Cortelyou House — 1891 — Residence of George B. Cortelyou
This residence was designed by architect Appleton P. Clark, Jr. and built in 1891 for Daniel Birtwell. In 1900, George Bruce Cortelyou occupied the house when he became secretary to President McKinley. Cortelyou continued to serve in public office . . . — Map (db m69292) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Capitol Hill — Delaware Avenue & Columbus Circle, NE — Historical Information — UNION STATION – Architecture by Daniel Burnham 1908
Designed in the Beaux-Arts style, this was the world's largest train station when it opened - the station and terminal zone originally covered approximately 200 acres and included 75 miles of tracks. For over half a century its coffered ceilings and . . . — Map (db m8442) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Capitol Hill — Destroying the Library — Star-Spangled Banner National Historic Trail
The original Library of Congress occupied a room in the U.S. Capitol. When British troops burned the Capitol in 1814, the collection was destroyed. After the war Thomas Jefferson helped re-establish the library by selling to Congress at a . . . — Map (db m80848) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Capitol Hill — Eastern Market — A Lively Market for a Lively Neighborhood
Established by order of President Thomas Jefferson 1805, this building constructed 1873, designed by Adolf Cluss, additions 1907-8 by Snowden Ashford. Eastern Market, one of three public markets proposed in L’Enfant’s Plan, was established in . . . — Map (db m20358) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Capitol Hill — Ebenezer United Methodist Church — 400 D Street, SE — African American Heritage Trail, Washington, DC
Ebenezer United Methodist Church is Capitol Hill’s oldest independent Black congregation. Ebenezer UMC was founded in 1827 by African Americans who left a biracial church on Capitol Hill because the White congregants practiced segregation. The . . . — Map (db m30053) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Capitol Hill — 1 of 19 — Edge of the Row — Tour of Duty — Barracks Row Heritage Trail
America’s oldest navy and marine installations are just blocks from where you are standing. This is the northern edge of a Capitol Hill community shaped by the presence of the U.S. military. Eighth Street is its commercial center. The Washington . . . — Map (db m100122) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Capitol Hill — Fiery Destruction — Star-Spangled Banner National Historic Trail
“[The British] put a slow match to the [Sewall] house … and those rockets burst until … they made the rafters fly East and West.” — Enslaved African American diarist and eyewitness, Michael Shiner. As the British . . . — Map (db m87856) HM WM
District of Columbia (Washington), Capitol Hill — Frederick Douglass — (1817 - 1895)
Orator - Publisher - Statesman Precursor of the Civil Rights Movement An ex-slave who rose to world renown as an abolitionist and who served in high government posts under presidents Grant through Cleveland, Frederick Douglass resided in this . . . — Map (db m69264) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Capitol Hill — Freedmen’s Memorial Monument to Abraham Lincoln — or Freedom’s Memorial
In grateful memory of Abraham Lincoln. This monument was erected by the Western Sanitary Commission of Saint Louis, Mo., with funds contributed solely by emancipated Citizens of the United States declared free by his Proclamation, January 1st . . . — Map (db m41617) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Capitol Hill — From June to December, 1917 — The Occoquan Steps
From June to December 1917 members of the National Woman's Party were imprisoned for picketing the White House to publicize the struggle to win the vote for Women. Those incarcerated in the District of Columbia's workhouse in Occoquan, Virginia . . . — Map (db m71336) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Capitol Hill — 4 — Healing the Wounded — Tour of Duty — Barracks Row Heritage Trail
In 1866 the Navy completed the hospital you see across the street to treat injured and ailing seamen. With beds for 50, it included the carriage house/stable and cast-iron fence and (around the corner) the gazebo. Its front door originally was on E . . . — Map (db m50813) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Capitol Hill — 13 — In the Alley — Tour of Duty — Barracks Row Heritage Trail
[Panel 1] You are standing in one of Washington’s remaining inhabited alleys, behind the buildings that face G, E (there is no F Street here), Sixth and Seventh streets. In 1897 the alley had 22 tiny dwellings sheltering well over 100 . . . — Map (db m39275) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Capitol Hill — James A. Garfield
. . . — Map (db m18602) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Capitol Hill — Japanese American Memorial to Patriotism During World War II
[Panel 1 of the historical narrative at memorial entrance]: On February 19, 1942, 73 days after the United States entered World War II, President Franklin Roosevelt issued Executive Order 9066 which resulted in the removal of 120,000 . . . — Map (db m40541) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Capitol Hill — John Philip Sousa — (1854 - 1932)
. . . — Map (db m39264) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Capitol Hill — Latrobe Gate - Tingey House
Latrobe Gate Designed by Benjamin Henry Latrobe in 1804, the gate and flanking guardhouses were constructed in the Greek Revival style. This style became very popular in the young nation, and the original section of the gate represents one of . . . — Map (db m28348) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Capitol Hill — Marine Barracks, Washington, D.C. — "Oldest Post of the Corps"
. . . — Map (db m10833) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Capitol Hill — Mary McLeod Bethune
1875–1955 Let her works praise her. I leave you love. • I leave you hope. • I leave you the challenge of developing confidence in one another. • I leave you a thirst for education. • I leave you a respect for the use of power. • I . . . — Map (db m5505) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Capitol Hill — Nathanael Greene Monument
(Inscription, south face of monument base:) Sacred to the memory of Nathanael Greene, Esquire, a native of the State of Rhode Island who died on the 19th of June 1786 - late Major General in the service of the U.S. . . . — Map (db m30771) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Capitol Hill — Naval Monument — Peace Memorial
In memory of the officers seamen and marines of the United States Navy who fell in defence of the union and liberty of their country 1861-1865 — Map (db m18594) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Capitol Hill — 5 — Oldest Post of the Corps — Tour of Duty — Barracks Row Heritage Trail
On your left is Marine Barracks Washington, D.C., the oldest continuously manned post in the U.S. Marine Corps. The installation was originally designed by architect George Hadfield in 1801 with a central parade ground and housing for 500 enlisted . . . — Map (db m10834) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Capitol Hill — Power from the Wind — Sustainable Solutions: Residential Wind Turbines
This Skystream 3.7 residential turbine is a new generation of wind generator that hooks directly to your home to reduce or eliminate your monthly electric bill. It’s designed to provide quiet, clean electricity in very low winds. How can a wind . . . — Map (db m49642) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Capitol Hill — Power from the Wind — Sustainable Solutions: Residential Wind Turbines
You are looking at a Windspire, a vertical-axis wind turbine that generates electricity from wind power. This model produces about 2,000 kWh of electricity a year in an area with average wind speeds of 12 mph (about Ό the needs of the average . . . — Map (db m49643) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Capitol Hill — Residence of Albert Gallatin
Residence of Albert Gallatin, Peace Negotiator and Secretary of the Treasury 1801-1814, who negotiated the treaty of Ghent, 1814. When the British marched on Washington in the summer of 1814, some American patriots with Commodore Joshua Barney and . . . — Map (db m61571) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Capitol Hill — 7 of 16 — Strike Up the Band — Tour of Duty — Barracks Row Heritage Trail
IF YOU ARE HEARING THE RINGING TONES OF BAND MUSIC, one of the ensembles of the world-famous United States Marine Band may be practicing inside the Marine Barracks. John Philip Sousa, the neighborhood’s most famous son, spent 19 years here. In . . . — Map (db m66727) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Capitol Hill — The Capitol in Flames — Star-Spangled Banner National Historic Trail
The U.S. Capitol was the British troop's first target when they arrived in Washington on August 24, 1814, only hours after their afternoon victory at the Battle of Bladensburg. The invaders fired rockets through the Capitol's windows. When the . . . — Map (db m80844) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Capitol Hill — The Freedom Bell
Dedicated to the spirit of the Bicentennial on behalf of the children of our nation. — Map (db m8817) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Capitol Hill — The Old Brick Capitol — [Old Capitol Prison] — [U.S. Supreme Court Building National Historic Landmark]
The Old Brick Capitol July 4, 1815 The cornerstone of the Old Brick Capitol built by Washington citizens to house the Congress was laid on this site. The Congress met here from December 13, 1815 through March 3, 1819. President Monroe was . . . — Map (db m39411) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Capitol Hill — The Sewall-Belmont House & Museum
one of the oldest residential properties on Capitol Hill, has been the historic headquarters of the National Woman's Party since 1929. Named after Robert Sewall, the original owner of the site, and Alva Belmont, the president and benefactor of the . . . — Map (db m70955) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Capitol Hill — Ulysses S. Grant Memorial
Grant — Map (db m18597) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Capitol Hill — United States Capitol — East Front
One of the icons of world architecture, the U.S. Capitol has been the meeting place of Congress since 1800. President George Washington laid the cornerstone on September 18, 1793. While under construction, the the building was damaged by British . . . — Map (db m40117) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Capitol Hill — United States Capitol Grounds
[Diagram of Capitol Square - East and West Plazas] General Plan for the Improvement of the U.S. Capitol Grounds by Frederick Law Olmstead, 1874 Following the extension of the Capitol in the 1850s-1860s, the grounds were . . . — Map (db m27891) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Capitol Hill — 10 of 16 — Washington Navy Yard: Maker of Weapons — Tour of Duty — Barracks Row Heritage Trail
The white brick wall in front of you marks the original northern boundary of the Navy Yard. The yard grew from its original 12 acres to 128 acres at its peak in 1962. In 2003 it consisted of 73 acres with 55 acres making up the adjacent Southeast . . . — Map (db m10822) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Capitol Hill — 9 of 16 — Washington Navy Yard: Serving the Fleet — Tour of Duty — Barracks Row Heritage Trail
In front of you is the main gate of the Washington Navy Yard, established in 1799. It is the U.S. Navy's oldest shore facility in continuous use. Over time, workers here have built and repaired ships and their fittings, designed and developed . . . — Map (db m10835) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Catholic University — Dr. Justine Bayard Ward
. . . — Map (db m96308) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Catholic University — Father Michael J. McGivney
1852-1890 A visionary parish priest through whose determined efforts The Knights of Columbus was founded in New Haven, Connecticut, in 1882 to strengthen the faith of Catholic men and to protect their families — Map (db m96320) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Catholic University — History of the Catholic University Law School — History of the Columbus University School of Law
History of the Catholic University Law School 1895-1954 As early as 1890, Archbishop John Joseph Keane, the first rector of The Catholic University of America recognized the need for the study of law at the university to meet the demand for . . . — Map (db m96321) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Catholic University — Ukrainian Catholic National Shrine
Український Католицький Крайовий . . . — Map (db m96315) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Chevy Chase — Fort De Russy — Civil War Defenses of Washington — 1861-1865
Earthworks of Fort De Russy are visible; follow path to your right for 200 years. [drawing of fort] Fort De Russy from U.S. Army Corps of Engineers drawing. Cannon mounted at Fort De Russy helped repulse a Confederate attack on Fort . . . — Map (db m20822) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Chevy Chase — Fort DeRussy
Built in 1861 to protect the Rock Creek Valley during the Civil War, Fort DeRussy's cannon fired a total of 109 projectiles into the northern countryside as 12,000-15,000 Confederate soldiers attacked the city under the command of Confederate . . . — Map (db m20824) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Chinatown — e.6 — Chinatown — Civil War to Civil Rights — Downtown Heritage Trail
dragons to bring rain, prosperity and friendship More than 280 dragons, crowned by 700 glazed tiles, look down from the Chinatown Friendship Archway before you. Symbols of the spirits that bring rain and prosperity in China, these . . . — Map (db m26935) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Chinatown — Friendship Archway
This friendship archway was erected by the District of Columbia and the Municipality of Beijing, 1986. Marion Barry, Jr. Mayor of Washington, D.C. Chen Xitong Mayor, Beijing Municipal Government — Map (db m9161) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Chinatown — e.5 — Mary Surratt's Boarding House — Civil War to Civil Rights — Downtown Heritage Trail
"The nest in which the egg was hatched."President Andrew Johnson, April 1865. The building at 604 H Street, today Golo’s Chinese Restaurant, is intimately connected with the assassination of President Abraham Lincoln at . . . — Map (db m16585) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Cleveland Park — 2 — Commerce
Connecticut Avenue's commercial corridor, between Macomb and Ordwary, reflects changes in retail that followed changes in modes of transportation from 1890 streetcar, to automobiles, to the Cleveland Park Metro Station in 1981. Individual stores on . . . — Map (db m67824) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Cleveland Park — Klingle Mansion — Rock Creek Park
This Pennsylvania Dutch style structure was built in 1823 by Joshua Pierce. The west side was added in 1843. It encloses ten rooms within its three stories. A utility house and potting shed flank the rear. Joshua was an avid horticulturist, and . . . — Map (db m70684) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Cleveland Park — Michael Kovats de Fabricy
“Fidelissimus Ad Mortem” Colonel Commandant Michael Kovats de Fabricy A Hungarian American Hero, who gave his life for Freedom in the Battle of Charleston in 1779 Sculptor Paul Takacs Executed in Bronze by Attila Dienes . . . — Map (db m79452) HM WM
District of Columbia (Washington), Cleveland Park — Peirce Still House — National Register of Historic Places
The Peirce Still House, built between 1796 and 1811, was part of a large plantation owned by Isaac Peirce, a Quaker from Pennsylvania and slave owner, who purchased the property in 1795. Much of the Peirce Estate became part of Rock Creek Park when . . . — Map (db m82098) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Cleveland Park — Peirce-Klingle Estate at Linnaean Hill
During the 19th century, the majority of the land now known as Rock Creek Park was owned by Isaac Peirce, one of Washington's most prominent land holders and mill owners. It was here that Isaac's son, Joshua Peirce, constructed his home in 1823 on . . . — Map (db m97976) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Cleveland Park — 1 — Roma Restaurant
Cleveland Park was named for Grover Cleveland who bought a country house on now Newark Street in 1886. In the 1890s, electrified streetcars ran on Connecticut and Wisconsin Avenues and led to the development of the Cleveland Park "suburb". Shops . . . — Map (db m67826) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Cleveland Park — Springhouse
This small stone structure was built by Isaac Pierce in 1801. Constructed around a natural spring, it was used as a cooling place for cheese, milk, and butter products, during the hot summer months. It also provided a clean water supply. A . . . — Map (db m79644) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Colonial Village — Frank D. Reeves — 7760 16th Street, NW — African American Heritage Trail, Washington, DC
Frank D. Reeves (1916–1973), a lawyer and civil rights activist, was part of the team that shaped the 1954 Brown v. Board of Education Supreme Court case outlawing school segregation. He advised Senator John F. Kennedy on minority . . . — Map (db m24679) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Columbia Heights — A Gathering Place for Washingtonians — Meridian Hill Park, National Historic Landmark
Since Meridian Hill Park opened in 1936, Washingtonians from diverse neighborhoods surrounding the park have gathered here for performances, community events, and political protest. When tens of thousands of people flocked to Washington D.C. in . . . — Map (db m63643) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Columbia Heights — A Hilltop for Heroes and Horse Thieves — Meridian Hill Park National Historic Landmark
It is perhaps no surprise that Commodore David Porter, hero of the War of 1812, chose Meridian Hill on which to build his estate. From this knoll, Porter had a direct line of sight to the President's mansion. Though no match for the grand buildings . . . — Map (db m63740) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Columbia Heights — An American Meridian — Meridian Hill Park, National Historic Landmark
Thomas Jefferson Believed the surveyor's of the nation's capital city should set a new American Meridian, a north-south line running through both poles and the American continent. This reference line, longitude 0° 0°, would aid navigation, . . . — Map (db m63770) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Columbia Heights — Art for the People — Meridian Hill Park, National Historic Landmark
Congress ordered sculptures installed at Meridian Hill Park long before the park's completion. So many sculptures were authorized that Horace Peaslee, the park's architect, called for a moratorium on installations. He told the Commission of the Fine . . . — Map (db m63658) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Columbia Heights — Buchanan
. . . — Map (db m24150) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Columbia Heights — Campus to Army Camps and Back Again — Meridian Hill Park, National Historic Landmark
President Monroe singed a charter in 1821 that established Columbian College on a site north of Florida Avenue between 14th and 15th Streets, Columbian College moved to Foggy Bottom in 1912 and became George Washington University, but the original . . . — Map (db m63771) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Columbia Heights — Charles R. Drew and Lenore Robbins Drew — 3324 Sherman Avenue, NW, Apartment 1 — African American Heritage Trail, Washington DC
Dr. Charles R. Drew (1904-1950), renowned for his blood plasma research, was associated with Howard University College of Medicine during most of his career. In 1941 Drew joined a national effort to set up a blood banking process but left because . . . — Map (db m65523) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Columbia Heights — 15 of 19 — College Hill — Cultural Convergence — Columbia Heights Heritage Trail
Wayland Seminary opened in Foggy Bottom just after the Civil War to train formerly enslaved people and others as “preachers and teachers for the South” and as missionaries to evangelize Africa. In 1875 it moved here, later merging with . . . — Map (db m23947) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Columbia Heights — Creating the "City Beautiful" — Meridian Hill Park, National Historic Landmark
At the beginning of its second century, the nation's capital was changing dramatically. In 1902, the United States Senate adopted a number of recommendations from the Senate Park Commission, popularly known as the McMillan Commission. By 1910, a . . . — Map (db m63940) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Columbia Heights — Design Challenges — Meridian Hill Park, National Historic Landmark
Limited funds and dramatic change in elevation at the Meridian Hill Park site -- falling 75 feet from north to south -- challenged the Commission of Fine Arts and their designers. The 16th Street edge required massive retaining walls to transition . . . — Map (db m63944) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Columbia Heights — Drum and Spear Bookstore Site — 1371 Fairmont Street, Northwest — African American Heritage Trail, Washington DC
The Drum and Spear Bookstore, founded in 1968 by Charlie Cobb, a former secretary for the Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee, specialized in books written by black authors, and books on Asian, African, and African American subjects. Growing . . . — Map (db m85756) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Columbia Heights — Francis L. Cardozo High School — 1928
Organized September 1928 at M Street and New York Avenue Moved February 19, 1933 to Ninth Street and Rhode Island Avenue, N.W. Moved August 1950 to Thirteenth and Clifton Street, N.W. — Map (db m23651) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Columbia Heights — 8 of 19 — Girard Street Elites — Cultural Convergence — Columbia Heights Heritage Trail
The 1100 and 1200 blocks of Girard Street once were home to a “Who’s Who” of African American leaders. This and nearby “double-blocks” are the heart of John Sherman’s Columbia Heights subdivision. By placing all houses 30 . . . — Map (db m97763) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Columbia Heights — James Buchanan — Diplomat, Statesman, and Fifteenth President of the United States — Meridian Hill Park, National Historic Landmark
Buchanan was our only bachelor president and relied upon his orphaned niece, Harriet Lane, to act as his First Lady during his years in the White House (1857 to 1861). In her estate, Harriet Lane Johnson made a bequest to fund a memorial to her . . . — Map (db m63631) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Columbia Heights — 9 of 19 — Justice vs. Injustice — Cultural Convergence — Columbia Heights Heritage Trail
These elegant 13th Street Houses were constructed when racial separation was legal and widely accepted. In 1910 the deeds for many houses across 13th Street had covenants banning “any negro or colored persons.” Those on this side . . . — Map (db m23603) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Columbia Heights — 1 of 19 — Main Street — Cultural Convergence — Columbia Heights Heritage Trail
Marker Front: Fourteenth Street has always been the business backbone of Columbia Heights. Beginning in the 1890s, electric streetcars dropped passengers at nearly every corner, attracting commerce. By 1925 storefronts occupied the blocks . . . — Map (db m23705) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Columbia Heights — 16 — Mansions, Parks, and People — Cultural Convergence — Columbia Heights Heritage Trail
On your right is Josephine Butler Parks Center, home of Washington Parks & People, a network of groups devoted to DC and its parks. The network's 1927 mansion, which once housed the Hungarian delegation, was part of an embassy row envisioned by Mary . . . — Map (db m63849) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Columbia Heights — 8 — Mount Pleasant: The Immigrants' Journey
Low cost housing in Mount Pleasant in the decades following World War II made it an ideal place for immigrants to the area. Refugees fleeing World War II and the Cold War in Eastern Europe were the first group to arrive. A small Czech community . . . — Map (db m68731) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Columbia Heights — 7 — Nob Hill — Cultural Convergence — Columbia Heights Heritage Trail
For Nearly 50 Years, this corner was home to Nob Hill Restaurant, one of the nation's first openly gay bars for-and run by-African Americans. Started in the 1950s as a private social club, Nob Hill went public in 1957. Patrons enjoyed . . . — Map (db m86014) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Columbia Heights — 10 of 19 — On the Heights — Cultural Convergence — Columbia Heights Heritage Trail
In the days of legally segregated public education (1862-1954), this school building was Central High, the gem of the School Board’s white division. But by 1949, it had few students, as the post-World War II suburban housing boom had drawn whites . . . — Map (db m23608) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Columbia Heights — Park Designers — Meridan Hill Park, National Historic Landmark
Noted landscape architects George Burnap and Horace Peaslee, who worked in the Office of Public Buildings and Grounds, designed Meridian Hill Park under the guidance of the Commission of Fine Arts. By 1914, Burnap had completed his basic design: a . . . — Map (db m63952) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Columbia Heights — 14 — Pitts Motor Hotel — Cultural Convergence — Columbia Heights Heritage Trail
The Pitts Motor Hotel, formerly located at 1451 Belmont Street, lingers in memory for two reasons. In the 1960s it was a gathering place of Civil Rights movement leaders. Later it became a "welfare hotel." In March 1968 the Reverend Dr. Martin . . . — Map (db m63706) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Columbia Heights — 17 of 19 — Social Justice — Cultural Convergence — Columbia Heights Heritage Trail
Straight ahead is All Souls Church, Unitarian, long known for its social activism, starting with abolitionism in the 1820s and ranging through nuclear disarmament and interracial cooperation. During the segregation era, All Souls was one of the few . . . — Map (db m24152) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Columbia Heights — The Fedora
In 1920, Washington D. C. was home to the largest African American Community in the country. Numerous venues in the U Street area showcased prominent musicians and politicians of the day. On this site stood the Pitts Motel and its Red Carpet Lounge. . . . — Map (db m63678) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Columbia Heights — The Wilson Center
To The Glory of God And in grateful memory of one of his servants This building devoted to Christian education Is named for Woodrow Wilson President of Princeton University 1902 — 1910 Governor of the state of New Jersey . . . — Map (db m82615) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Columbia Heights — Visionary and Park Champion — Meridian Hill Park, National Historic Landmark
Meridian Hill Park might never have been built had it not been for the determination of Mary Foote Henderson (1846 - 1931). For 22 years, she lobbied Congress for funds to buy the land and build the park. Congress's 1910 vote to authorize . . . — Map (db m63934) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Columbia Heights — Washington Meridian — "The Stone" — 1804 - 1923
The stone marking the Washington Meridian was formerly located 52 feet, nine inches west of this tablet which was presented by the Army and Navy Chapter, Daughters of the American Revolution. — Map (db m82518) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Columbia Island — First Bloom — Lady Bird Johnson Park — George Washington Memorial Parkway
”To me beautification means our total concern for the physical and human quality we pass on to our children and the future.” - Lady Bird Johnson When kids connect with national parks, the result is conservation. Through . . . — Map (db m53699) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Columbia Island — Tomorrow is ours to win or lose
Today, we proclaim our refusal to be strangled by the wastes of Civilization. Today, we begin to be the masters of our environment. Lyndon B. Johnson at the signing of the Water Quality Act of 1965 President Johnson stopped here many times . . . — Map (db m98718) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Deanwood — 5 of 15 — A Whirl on the Ferris Wheel — A Self Reliant People — Greater Deanwood Heritage Trail
To your right it is the former Merritt Educational Center which operated from 1943 to 2008. However, if you were standing here in the 1920s or '30s, in its place you would have seen exuberant crowds of fashionably dressed African Americans enjoying . . . — Map (db m24519) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Deanwood — 12 of 15 — Designed to Compete — A Self-Reliant People — Greater Deanwood Heritage Trail
This quaint frame building has served several church congregations since its construction in 1908. The First Zion Baptist Church stayed for more than 60 years. Since 1993 members of Joshua's Temple First Born Church have worshiped within its walls. . . . — Map (db m21681) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Deanwood — Original Federal Boundary Stone NE 9
Original Federal Boundary Stone District of Columbia Placed 1791-1792 Protected by Capt Molly Pitcher Chapter Daughters of the American Revolution 1916 — Map (db m5283) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Deanwood — 8 — With These Hands — A Self-Reliant People — Greater Deanwood Heritage Trail
Up the Hill to your left are several signature handcrafted houses, Beginning in the late 1800s, Deanwood attracted skilled black migrants, who freely passed on their know-how. In the 1920s Jacob and Randolph Dodd built about 50 structures in . . . — Map (db m81451) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Downtown — "Surratt Boarding House"
. . . — Map (db m7046) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Downtown — "The Bachelor" — circa 1904
Wood, Donn & Deming, Architects 1737 H Street N.W. Nearby marker: This property has been placed on the National Register of Historic Places by the United States Department of the Interior — Map (db m96429) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Downtown — "The First of Patriots - The Best of Men"
Commodore John Barry (1745-1803) was born in County Wexford, Ireland, but by age 15 called Philadelphia, Pennsylvania home. He commanded several Continental Navy ships during the Revolutionary War and won decisive victories over the British. In . . . — Map (db m55504) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Downtown — “Damn the Torpedoes, Full Speed Ahead!”
With these legendary words, naval officer David G. Farragut led the Union fleet past Confederate mines (then called torpedoes) and to victory at the Battle of Mobile Bay on August 5, 1864. From the rigging of his flagship, USS Hartford, . . . — Map (db m4104) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Downtown — A Fortress of Finance — The US Treasury Building
Declared a National Historic Landmark in 1972, the US Treasury Building is the oldest departmental building in Washington. The building serves as the headquarters of the Treasury Department. Treasury's responsibilities encompass revenue collection, . . . — Map (db m100443) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Downtown — Abraham Lincoln
Abraham Lincoln died in this house April 15, 1865 at 7:22 a.m. Purchased by the United States in 1896. — Map (db m28502) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Downtown — Albert Gallatin
. . . — Map (db m2129) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Downtown — Alexander Graham Bell
From the top floor of this building was sent on June 3, 1880 over a beam of light to 1325 L Street, the first wireless telephone message in the history of the world. The apparatus used in sending the message was the photophone invented by Alexander . . . — Map (db m17569) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Downtown — Alexander Hamilton Memorial
[ on the front (south face) of pedestal :] Alexander Hamilton 1757-1804 First Secretary of the Treasury Soldier, Orator, Statesman Champion of Constitutional Union, Representative Government and National Integrity . . . — Map (db m32740) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Downtown — Alexander Robey Shepherd
Governor, Territory of the District of Columbia (1873-1874) born Washington, D.C. January 31, 1835 died Batopilas, Mexico, September 12, 1902 buried Rock Creek Cemetery, Washington, D.C. Civil War Union veteran, entrepreneur, civil leader . . . — Map (db m65158) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Downtown — W.3 — Asbury United Methodist Church — Civil War to Civil Rights — Downtown Heritage Trail
Stories of slavery and freedom, of struggle and achievement are woven through the history of this African American congregation. Founded in 1836, by the time of the Civil War Asbury United Methodist Church was the preeminent Black church in the . . . — Map (db m70316) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Downtown — Ashburton House
. . . — Map (db m4082) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Downtown — Ballington and Maud Booth — The Extra Mile — Points of Light Volunteer Pathway
Founded Volunteers of America in 1896 with the mission to reach and uplift all people. The Booths envisioned a movement that would care for the whole person – mind, body and spirit. Their vision lives on in a national organization that . . . — Map (db m92086) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Downtown — Baron von Steuben Memorial — Lafayette Square National Historic Landmark District
[north face :] Erected by the Congress of the United States to Frederick William Aug- ustus Henry Ferdinand Baron von Steuben in grateful recognition of his services to the American people in their struggle for . . . — Map (db m32878) HM

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