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“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
 
 

District of Columbia Historical Markers

875 markers matched your search criteria. The first 200 markers are listed. Next 675
 
Franklin Delano Roosevelt Memorial image, Click for more information
By Don Morfe, September 27, 1997
Franklin Delano Roosevelt Memorial
District of Columbia, Washington (Tidal Basin) — Franklin Delano Roosevelt Memorial
Franklin Delano Roosevelt, President of the United States of America, 1933-1945. In commemoration of his leadership in America’s struggle for peace, well-being and human dignity Dedicated by President William J. Clinton May 1997. Funds . . . — Map (db m99914) HM WM
District of Columbia (Washington), Adams Morgan — 5 of 18 — Ambassadors of FaithRoads to Diversity — Adams Morgan Heritage Trail
Three dramatic religious structures dominate this corner. They are among some 40 religious institutions lining 16th Street between the White House and the Maryland state line. Many serve as unofficial “embassies” representing the . . . — Map (db m17076) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Adams-Morgan — 7 of 18 — Lanier PlaceRoads to Diversity — Adams Morgan Heritage Trail
Banker Archibald McLachlan and Smithsonian Institution naturalist George Brown Goode developed Lanier Heights in the early 1890s. Goode laid out streets and encouraged Smithsonian colleagues to purchase lots. McLachlan built the elegant Ontario . . . — Map (db m17295) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Adams-Morgan — 4 of 18 — Life on the ParkRoads to Diversity — Adams Morgan Heritage Trail
During the Civil War (1861-1865), the Union Army Carver Hospital and barracks occupied Meridian Hill. The facilities attracted African American freedom seekers looking for protection and employment. By war’s end, a Black community had put down . . . — Map (db m17032) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Adams-Morgan — 2 of 18 — Meridian Hill/Malcolm X ParkRoads to Diversity — Adams Morgan Heritage Trail
Long before Europeans arrived, Meridian Hill was a sacred place for Native Americans. As recently as 1992, a delegation of Native Americans walked across the continent to this park to mourn the 500th anniversary of Columbus’s arrival. They were . . . — Map (db m16910) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Adams-Morgan — 1 of 18 — Mrs. Henderson's LegacyRoads to Diversity — Adams Morgan Heritage Trail
As you look up the hill, you can see Peter C. L’Enfant’s 1791 plan for Washington ended up here in front of you at Boundary Avenue, now Florida Avenue. Back then, when people walked or rode in horse-drawn vehicles, it was hard to climb this steep . . . — Map (db m16893) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Adams-Morgan — 6 of 18 — The Latino CommunityRoads to Diversity — Adams Morgan Heritage Trail
This is the heart of Washington’s Latino community. Once centered here and in nearby Mount Pleasant and Columbia Heights, the community now extends throughout the region. As early as the 1910s, the Mexican, Ecuadoran, Cuban, and Spanish . . . — Map (db m17167) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Adams-Morgan — 3 of 18 — The Roots of Reed-CookeRoads to Diversity — Adams Morgan Heritage Trail
In 1947, the building on your left opened as the National Arena, a public roller rink and bowling alley. It also hosted professional wrestling, roller derbies, and rock concerts. In 1986 it became the Citadel Motion Picture Center, where portions of . . . — Map (db m17031) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), American University Park — 12 — A Spirit of CommunityTop of the Town — Tenleytown Heritage Trail
Text On Main Face of Marker

Episcopalians first gathered here to worship in 1874, when St. Alban's Church, located on Wisconsin Avenue and Massachusetts, started a mission for the area. In good weather, services took place under a . . . — Map (db m68271) HM

District of Columbia (Washington), American University Park — 17 — American UniversityTop of the Town — Tenleytown Heritage Trail
Beyond Ward Circle to your left is the campus of American University, chartered by Congress in 1893. Methodist Bishop John Fletcher Hurst guided the university’s development as a center for training future public servants. With its schools in . . . — Map (db m51839) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), American University Park — 15 — For the ChildrenTop of the Town — Tenleytown Heritage Trail
From 1927 until the late 1950s, the landscaped grounds across the street were the Hillcrest Children’s Center. It was founded downtown in 1814 as the Washington City Orphan Asylum by Marcia Burnes Van Ness and President Madison’s wife Dolley. The . . . — Map (db m80468) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), American University Park — Fort Bayard
Civil War Defenses of Washington 1861-1865. No visible evidence remains of Fort Bayard, which stood at the top of this hill. Named for Brig. Gen. George Bayard, mortally wounded at the Battle of Fredericksburg on December 13, 1862. — Map (db m124) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), American University Park — General Artemas Ward Monument1727–1800
Son of Massachusetts • Graduate of Harvard College • Judge and legislator • Delegate 1780–1781 to the Continental Congress • Soldier of three wars • First commander of patriot forces. — Map (db m48362) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), American University Park — 18 — Live on Our Stage!Top of the Town — Tenleytown Heritage Trail
When NBC radio and television and its local affiliate, WRC, moved to these new headquarters in 1958, the average TV screen measured 12 inches. The facility opened with six studios—three TV and three radio. Soon history happened here. On . . . — Map (db m47866) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), American University Park — 16 — Winning the WarTop of the Town — Tenleytown Heritage Trail
The U.S. Navy arrived across the street at 3801 Nebraska Avenue during World War II, taking the Colonial style red-brick campus of Mount Vernon Seminary for secret “essential wartime activities.” Soon more than 5,000 workers occupied . . . — Map (db m47787) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Anacostia — Barry Farm - HillsdaleBounded by St. Elizabeths Hospital, Alabama Avenue and Morris Road, SE, and the Anacostia River — African American Heritage Trail, Washington, DC
In 1867 the U.S. Bureau of Refugees, Freedmen, and Abandoned Lands (Freedmen’s Bureau) purchased 375 acres from white farmers David and Julia Barry to resettle formerly enslaved African Americans. By 1870 more than 500 families had purchased lots . . . — Map (db m33732) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Anacostia — Battery RickettsCivil War Defenses of Washington — 1861-1865
Earthworks of Battery Ricketts are visible inside the wooded area in front of you. Battery Ricketts, built to defend an area in front of Fort Stanton, was named for Maj. Gen. James B. Ricketts. — Map (db m10622) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Anacostia — Campbell African Methodist Episcopal Church2562 Martin Luther King, Jr. Avenue, SE — African American Heritage Trail, Washington, DC
Campbell AME, established in 1867 as Mount Zion AME, was an outgrowth of its overcrowded parent church, Allen Chapel AME, founded in 1850. When it moved to a location near the present one in 1890, Mount Zion was renamed for AME Bishop Jabez B. . . . — Map (db m33749) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Anacostia — Fort CarrollCivil War Defenses of Washington — 1861-1865
Earthworks of Fort Carroll are visible 100 yards to the right at the top of the hill. Fort Carroll was named in honor of Maj. Gen. Samuel Sprigg Carroll, a West Point graduate from the District of Columbia. — Map (db m10614) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Anacostia — Fort GrebleCivil War Defenses of Washington — 1861-1865
Earthworks of Fort Greble are visible beyond this exhibit. Fort Greble was named in honor of Lt. John T. Greble, slain at the Battle of Big Bethel, June 10, 1861, the first U.S. Military Academy graduate killed in the Civil War. — Map (db m40866) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Anacostia — Fort StantonCivil War Defenses of Washington — 1861 – 1865
Earthworks of Fort Stanton are visible in the wooded area 200 yards in front of you. Diagram: Fort Stanton from U.S. Army Corps of Engineers drawing. Fort Stanton was named for Secretary of War Edwin M. Stanton, was the first fort . . . — Map (db m46623) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Anacostia — Frederick Douglass National Historic Site
Also known as Cedar Hill, this site encompasses the estate owned by Frederick Douglass from 1877 until his death in 1895. In honor of Douglass’ work as an author, orator, abolitionist, statesman, and civil rights leader, this site is designated a . . . — Map (db m40846) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Anacostia — St. Elizabeths Hospital
has been designated a National Historic Landmark This site possesses national significance in commemorating the history of the United States of America. — Map (db m58305) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Anacostia — The Big Chair
Re-dedication April 25, 2006. This community landmark represents the Curtis Companies long standing allegience to the neighborhood and steadfast committment to unity, prosperity and good will to all Washingtonians and friends of Anacostia. . . . — Map (db m5446) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Anacostia — The Growlery
Here stood Frederick Douglass’ rustic retreat from domestic society, where he could think, read and write undisturbed. Evoking the image of a lion’s lair, he called his hideaway the Growlery. It was simply furnished with a lounge, a high desk and a . . . — Map (db m5362) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Anacostia — The World’s Largest Chair
Presented to Curtis Bros. for their outstanding leadership and service to the public by the Basset Furniture Industries. The chair made of solid Honduras mahogany is 19½ feet tall and weighs 4600 pounds. Designer: Leo M. . . . — Map (db m5459) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Barney Circle — Barney at Bladensburg — Star-Spangled Banner National Historic Trail
Barney Circle honors U.S. Navy Commodore Joshua Barney. In August 1814, Barney, his Chesapeake Flotillamen, and a contingent of U.S. Marines guarded a bridge over the Eastern Branch (Anacostia River) on today's Bladensburg Road, NE. When it became . . . — Map (db m80473) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Barney Circle — John Philip Sousa — Congressional Cemetery
John Philip Sousa (1854–1932), known as the “March King,” grew up in Washington on G Street SE, between 6th and 7th. Sousa became a leader of the Marine Band in 1880 and served in this position for 12 years, leading band tours . . . — Map (db m82268) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Brightwood — 16 — “Get Down You Fool”Battleground to Community — Brightwood Heritage Trail
Hearing those words, President Abraham Lincoln ducked down from the Fort Stevens parapet during the Civil War battle that stopped the Confederates from taking Washington. On July 9, 1864, some 15,000 Rebels led by General Jubal A. Early defeated . . . — Map (db m72829) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Brightwood — 18 — A Streetcar Named BrightwoodBattleground to Community — Brightwood Heritage Trail
The Large Structure across Georgia Avenue opened in 1909 as a "car barn" for the Brightwood Railway. The facility could service more than 40 streetcars at once, and often did so late at night. As a young boy in the 1950s, Thomas Reardon . . . — Map (db m72831) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Brightwood — 7 — An African American EnclaveBattleground to Community — Brightwood Heritage Trail
Even Before Emancipation freed Washington's enslaved people in April 1862, a free African American community had developed here amid the European American farmers. The District of Columbia, unlike its neighbors, permitted the formerly enslaved . . . — Map (db m72821) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Brightwood — 17 — Aunt Betty's StoryBattleground to Community — Brightwood Heritage Trail
Elizabeth Proctor Thomas (1821-1917), a free Black woman whose image appears on each Brightwood Heritage Trail sign, once owned 11 acres in this area. Known, respectfully in her old age as "Aunt Betty," Thomas and her husband James farmed and kept . . . — Map (db m72830) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Brightwood — 12 — Automobiling on The AvenueBattleground to Community — Brightwood Heritage Trail
This busy section once was a "Country Road" to Washingtonians looking for peace and recreation. If you drove by here a century ago, you would have passed woods and large estates, and might even have seen fox hunters. Across Georgia was the . . . — Map (db m72813) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Brightwood — 13 — Battleground National CemeteryBattleground to Community — Brightwood Heritage Trail
After the rebels were turned back as the Battle of Fort Stevens ended in 1864, scores of Union Soldiers lay cold and silent. Forty-one of them are buried here in this tiny plot dedicated to their sacrifice. President Abraham Lincoln, who . . . — Map (db m72825) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Brightwood — Fort SlocumCivil War Defenses of Washington — 1861-1865
No visible evidence remains of Fort Slocum, which stood here and across Kansas Avenue to your left. Cannon mounted at Fort Totten helped repulse a Confederate attack on Fort Stevens, July 11-12, 1864. — Map (db m3012) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Brightwood — 15 — The Rock on Brightwood AvenueBattleground to Community — Brightwood Heritage Trail
Across Quackenbos Street is Emory United Methodist Church. Named to honor Bishop John Emory of Maryland (1789-1835), the congregation dates from 1832. From the beginning, Emory welcomed all races but, like most Washington churches then, seated . . . — Map (db m72827) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Brookland — Charles Richard Drew Memorial Bridge
Named in honor of Dr. Charles Richard Drew, 1904-1950 esteemed citizen of the District of Columbia athlete, scholar, surgeon, and scientist whose discoveries in blood preservation saved thousands of lives. — Map (db m6262) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Capitol Hill — 6 of 16 — A Neighborhood For EveryoneTour of Duty — Barracks Row Heritage Trail
THE BUILDINGS NEAR THIS CORNER were built during a wave of private development that began after the United States won the Spanish-American War in 1898, and became a world power for the first time. As America flexed its muscles, the world — and . . . — Map (db m57119) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Capitol Hill — Acacia Life Insurance Building – 1936
Acacia Life Insurance Building – 1936 On March 3, 1869, President Andrew Johnson signed the Congressional Act chartering The Masonic Mutual Relief Association that became Acacia Life Insurance Company. Built as its headquarters . . . — Map (db m41886) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Capitol Hill — Alva Belmont House
Of this House The oldest part is one of the earliest buildings in this region. Robert Sewall bought the property and enlarged the house in 1799, and rebuilt and greatly altered it after war damage in 1814. Residence and office of . . . — Map (db m69271) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Capitol Hill — 12 — Christ Church and Its ParishionersTour of Duty — Barracks Row Heritage Trail
This is Christ Church, Washington Parish, the first Episcopal church established in Washington City (1794), and attended by Presidents Thomas Jefferson and John Quincy Adams. At first Christ Church met in a nearby tobacco warehouse. In 1806 . . . — Map (db m39235) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Capitol Hill — Christ Church, Washington ParishFounded May 25, 1795 — [National Register of Historic Places]
First church in City of Washington. Present edifice dedicated October 8, 1809, by Bishop Thomas J. Claggett, first bishop consecrated on American soil - in New York, 1792. — Map (db m39163) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Capitol Hill — 3 — Commerce and CommunityTour of Duty — Barracks Row Heritage Trail
The home/music studio of John Esputa, Jr., once occupied the site of 511 Eighth Street (Shakespeare Theatre’s rehearsal hall.) Among Esputa’s students in 1861 was eight-year-old John Philip Sousa, whose irresistible marches made him one of America’s . . . — Map (db m64884) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Capitol Hill — Destroying the Library — Star-Spangled Banner National Historic Trail
The original Library of Congress occupied a room in the U.S. Capitol. When British troops burned the Capitol in 1814, the collection was destroyed. After the war Thomas Jefferson helped re-establish the library by selling to Congress at a . . . — Map (db m80848) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Capitol Hill — Eastern MarketA Lively Market for a Lively Neighborhood
Established by order of President Thomas Jefferson 1805, this building constructed 1873, designed by Adolf Cluss, additions 1907-8 by Snowden Ashford. Eastern Market, one of three public markets proposed in L’Enfant’s Plan, was established in . . . — Map (db m20358) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Capitol Hill — Ebenezer United Methodist Church400 D Street, SE — African American Heritage Trail, Washington, DC
Ebenezer United Methodist Church is Capitol Hill’s oldest independent Black congregation. Ebenezer UMC was founded in 1827 by African Americans who left a biracial church on Capitol Hill because the White congregants practiced segregation. The . . . — Map (db m30053) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Capitol Hill — Elbridge Gerry
. . . — Map (db m81296) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Capitol Hill — Freedmen’s Memorial Monument to Abraham Lincolnor Freedom’s Memorial
In grateful memory of Abraham Lincoln. This monument was erected by the Western Sanitary Commission of Saint Louis, Mo., with funds contributed solely by emancipated Citizens of the United States declared free by his Proclamation, January 1st . . . — Map (db m41617) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Capitol Hill — 4 — Healing the WoundedTour of Duty — Barracks Row Heritage Trail
In 1866 the Navy completed the hospital you see across the street to treat injured and ailing seamen. With beds for 50, it included the carriage house/stable and cast-iron fence and (around the corner) the gazebo. Its front door originally was on E . . . — Map (db m50813) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Capitol Hill — 13 — In the AlleyTour of Duty — Barracks Row Heritage Trail
[Panel 1] You are standing in one of Washington’s remaining inhabited alleys, behind the buildings that face G, E (there is no F Street here), Sixth and Seventh streets. In 1897 the alley had 22 tiny dwellings sheltering well over 100 . . . — Map (db m39275) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Capitol Hill — James A. Garfield
. . . — Map (db m18602) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Capitol Hill — Japanese American Memorial to Patriotism During World War II
[Panel 1 of the historical narrative at memorial entrance]: On February 19, 1942, 73 days after the United States entered World War II, President Franklin Roosevelt issued Executive Order 9066 which resulted in the removal of 120,000 . . . — Map (db m40541) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Capitol Hill — John Philip Sousa(1854 - 1932)
. . . — Map (db m39264) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Capitol Hill — Latrobe Gate - Tingey House
Latrobe Gate Designed by Benjamin Henry Latrobe in 1804, the gate and flanking guardhouses were constructed in the Greek Revival style. This style became very popular in the young nation, and the original section of the gate represents one of . . . — Map (db m28348) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Capitol Hill — Marine Barracks, Washington, D.C."Oldest Post of the Corps"
. . . — Map (db m10833) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Capitol Hill — Mary McLeod Bethune
1875–1955 Let her works praise her. I leave you love. • I leave you hope. • I leave you the challenge of developing confidence in one another. • I leave you a thirst for education. • I leave you a respect for the use of power. • I . . . — Map (db m5505) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Capitol Hill — Nathanael Greene Monument
(Inscription, south face of monument base:) Sacred to the memory of Nathanael Greene, Esquire, a native of the State of Rhode Island who died on the 19th of June 1786 - late Major General in the service of the U.S. . . . — Map (db m30771) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Capitol Hill — Naval MonumentPeace Memorial
In memory of the officers seamen and marines of the United States Navy who fell in defence of the union and liberty of their country 1861-1865 — Map (db m18594) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Capitol Hill — 5 — Oldest Post of the CorpsTour of Duty — Barracks Row Heritage Trail
On your left is Marine Barracks Washington, D.C., the oldest continuously manned post in the U.S. Marine Corps. The installation was originally designed by architect George Hadfield in 1801 with a central parade ground and housing for 500 enlisted . . . — Map (db m10834) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Capitol Hill — Power from the WindSustainable Solutions: Residential Wind Turbines
This Skystream 3.7 residential turbine is a new generation of wind generator that hooks directly to your home to reduce or eliminate your monthly electric bill. It’s designed to provide quiet, clean electricity in very low winds. How can a wind . . . — Map (db m49642) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Capitol Hill — Power from the WindSustainable Solutions: Residential Wind Turbines
You are looking at a Windspire, a vertical-axis wind turbine that generates electricity from wind power. This model produces about 2,000 kWh of electricity a year in an area with average wind speeds of 12 mph (about ¼ the needs of the average . . . — Map (db m49643) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Capitol Hill — The Old Brick Capitol[Old Capitol Prison] — [U.S. Supreme Court Building National Historic Landmark]
The Old Brick Capitol July 4, 1815 The cornerstone of the Old Brick Capitol built by Washington citizens to house the Congress was laid on this site. The Congress met here from December 13, 1815 through March 3, 1819. President Monroe was . . . — Map (db m39411) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Capitol Hill — Ulysses S. Grant Memorial
Grant — Map (db m18597) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Capitol Hill — United States Capitol — East Front
One of the icons of world architecture, the U.S. Capitol has been the meeting place of Congress since 1800. President George Washington laid the cornerstone on September 18, 1793. While under construction, the the building was damaged by British . . . — Map (db m40117) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Capitol Hill — United States Capitol Grounds
[Diagram of Capitol Square - East and West Plazas] General Plan for the Improvement of the U.S. Capitol Grounds by Frederick Law Olmstead, 1874 Following the extension of the Capitol in the 1850s-1860s, the grounds were . . . — Map (db m27891) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Capitol Hill — 10 of 16 — Washington Navy Yard: Maker of WeaponsTour of Duty — Barracks Row Heritage Trail
The white brick wall in front of you marks the original northern boundary of the Navy Yard. The yard grew from its original 12 acres to 128 acres at its peak in 1962. In 2003 it consisted of 73 acres with 55 acres making up the adjacent Southeast . . . — Map (db m10822) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Capitol Hill — 9 of 16 — Washington Navy Yard: Serving the FleetTour of Duty — Barracks Row Heritage Trail
In front of you is the main gate of the Washington Navy Yard, established in 1799. It is the U.S. Navy's oldest shore facility in continuous use. Over time, workers here have built and repaired ships and their fittings, designed and developed . . . — Map (db m10835) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Chevy Chase — Fort De RussyCivil War Defenses of Washington — 1861-1865
Earthworks of Fort De Russy are visible; follow path to your right for 200 years. [drawing of fort] Fort De Russy from U.S. Army Corps of Engineers drawing. Cannon mounted at Fort De Russy helped repulse a Confederate attack on Fort . . . — Map (db m20822) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Chevy Chase — Fort DeRussy
Built in 1861 to protect the Rock Creek Valley during the Civil War, Fort DeRussy's cannon fired a total of 109 projectiles into the northern countryside as 12,000-15,000 Confederate soldiers attacked the city under the command of Confederate . . . — Map (db m20824) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Chinatown — e.6 — ChinatownCivil War to Civil Rights — Downtown Heritage Trail
dragons to bring rain, prosperity and friendship More than 280 dragons, crowned by 700 glazed tiles, look down from the Chinatown Friendship Archway before you. Symbols of the spirits that bring rain and prosperity in China, these . . . — Map (db m26935) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Chinatown — Friendship Archway
This friendship archway was erected by the District of Columbia and the Municipality of Beijing, 1986. Marion Barry, Jr. Mayor of Washington, D.C. Chen Xitong Mayor, Beijing Municipal Government — Map (db m9161) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Chinatown — e.5 — Mary Surratt's Boarding HouseCivil War to Civil Rights — Downtown Heritage Trail
"The nest in which the egg was hatched."President Andrew Johnson, April 1865. The building at 604 H Street, today Golo’s Chinese Restaurant, is intimately connected with the assassination of President Abraham Lincoln at . . . — Map (db m16585) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Cleveland Park — 2 — Commerce
Connecticut Avenue's commercial corridor, between Macomb and Ordwary, reflects changes in retail that followed changes in modes of transportation from 1890 streetcar, to automobiles, to the Cleveland Park Metro Station in 1981. Individual stores on . . . — Map (db m67824) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Colonial Village — Frank D. Reeves7760 16th Street, NW — African American Heritage Trail, Washington, DC
Frank D. Reeves (1916–1973), a lawyer and civil rights activist, was part of the team that shaped the 1954 Brown v. Board of Education Supreme Court case outlawing school segregation. He advised Senator John F. Kennedy on minority . . . — Map (db m24679) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Columbia Heights — A Gathering Place for Washingtonians — Meridian Hill Park, National Historic Landmark
Since Meridian Hill Park opened in 1936, Washingtonians from diverse neighborhoods surrounding the park have gathered here for performances, community events, and political protest. When tens of thousands of people flocked to Washington D.C. in . . . — Map (db m63643) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Columbia Heights — A Hilltop for Heroes and Horse Thieves — Meridian Hill Park National Historic Landmark
It is perhaps no surprise that Commodore David Porter, hero of the War of 1812, chose Meridian Hill on which to build his estate. From this knoll, Porter had a direct line of sight to the President's mansion. Though no match for the grand buildings . . . — Map (db m63740) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Columbia Heights — An American Meridian — Meridian Hill Park, National Historic Landmark
Thomas Jefferson Believed the surveyor's of the nation's capital city should set a new American Meridian, a north-south line running through both poles and the American continent. This reference line, longitude 0° 0°, would aid navigation, . . . — Map (db m63770) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Columbia Heights — Art for the People — Meridian Hill Park, National Historic Landmark
Congress ordered sculptures installed at Meridian Hill Park long before the park's completion. So many sculptures were authorized that Horace Peaslee, the park's architect, called for a moratorium on installations. He told the Commission of the Fine . . . — Map (db m63658) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Columbia Heights — Buchanan
. . . — Map (db m24150) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Columbia Heights — Campus to Army Camps and Back Again — Meridian Hill Park, National Historic Landmark
President Monroe singed a charter in 1821 that established Columbian College on a site north of Florida Avenue between 14th and 15th Streets, Columbian College moved to Foggy Bottom in 1912 and became George Washington University, but the original . . . — Map (db m63771) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Columbia Heights — Charles R. Drew and Lenore Robbins Drew3324 Sherman Avenue, NW, Apartment 1 — African American Heritage Trail, Washington DC
Dr. Charles R. Drew (1904-1950), renowned for his blood plasma research, was associated with Howard University College of Medicine during most of his career. In 1941 Drew joined a national effort to set up a blood banking process but left because . . . — Map (db m65523) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Columbia Heights — 15 of 19 — College HillCultural Convergence — Columbia Heights Heritage Trail
Wayland Seminary opened in Foggy Bottom just after the Civil War to train formerly enslaved people and others as “preachers and teachers for the South” and as missionaries to evangelize Africa. In 1875 it moved here, later merging with . . . — Map (db m23947) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Columbia Heights — Francis L. Cardozo High School1928
Organized September 1928 at M Street and New York Avenue Moved February 19, 1933 to Ninth Street and Rhode Island Avenue, N.W. Moved August 1950 to Thirteenth and Clifton Street, N.W. — Map (db m23651) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Columbia Heights — 1 of 19 — Main StreetCultural Convergence — Columbia Heights Heritage Trail
Marker Front: Fourteenth Street has always been the business backbone of Columbia Heights. Beginning in the 1890s, electric streetcars dropped passengers at nearly every corner, attracting commerce. By 1925 storefronts occupied the blocks . . . — Map (db m23705) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Columbia Heights — 7 — Nob HillCultural Convergence — Columbia Heights Heritage Trail
For Nearly 50 Years, this corner was home to Nob Hill Restaurant, one of the nation's first openly gay bars for-and run by-African Americans. Started in the 1950s as a private social club, Nob Hill went public in 1957. Patrons enjoyed . . . — Map (db m86014) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Columbia Heights — 10 of 19 — On the HeightsCultural Convergence — Columbia Heights Heritage Trail
In the days of legally segregated public education (1862-1954), this school building was Central High, the gem of the School Board’s white division. But by 1949, it had few students, as the post-World War II suburban housing boom had drawn whites . . . — Map (db m23608) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Columbia Heights — 17 of 19 — Social JusticeCultural Convergence — Columbia Heights Heritage Trail
Straight ahead is All Souls Church, Unitarian, long known for its social activism, starting with abolitionism in the 1820s and ranging through nuclear disarmament and interracial cooperation. During the segregation era, All Souls was one of the few . . . — Map (db m24152) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Columbia Heights — Washington Meridian"The Stone" — 1804 - 1923
The stone marking the Washington Meridian was formerly located 52 feet, nine inches west of this tablet which was presented by the Army and Navy Chapter, Daughters of the American Revolution. — Map (db m82518) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Deanwood — 5 of 15 — A Whirl on the Ferris WheelA Self Reliant People — Greater Deanwood Heritage Trail
To your right it is the former Merritt Educational Center which operated from 1943 to 2008. However, if you were standing here in the 1920s or '30s, in its place you would have seen exuberant crowds of fashionably dressed African Americans enjoying . . . — Map (db m24519) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Deanwood — Original Federal Boundary Stone NE 9
Original Federal Boundary Stone District of Columbia Placed 1791-1792 Protected by Capt Molly Pitcher Chapter Daughters of the American Revolution 1916 — Map (db m5283) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Deanwood — 8 — With These HandsA Self-Reliant People — Greater Deanwood Heritage Trail
Up the Hill to your left are several signature handcrafted houses, Beginning in the late 1800s, Deanwood attracted skilled black migrants, who freely passed on their know-how. In the 1920s Jacob and Randolph Dodd built about 50 structures in . . . — Map (db m81451) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Downtown — "Blodgett's Hotel"
[The Great Seal of the United States] In 1800, the building erected on this site by Samuel Blodget was the scene of the first theatrical performance given in Washington. From 1812 to 1836 it sheltered the city post office and, for part of . . . — Map (db m28534) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Downtown — "Surratt Boarding House"
. . . — Map (db m7046) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Downtown — "The Bachelor"circa 1904
Wood, Donn & Deming, Architects 1737 H Street N.W. Nearby marker: This property has been placed on the National Register of Historic Places by the United States Department of the Interior — Map (db m96429) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Downtown — “Damn the Torpedoes, Full Speed Ahead!”
With these legendary words, naval officer David G. Farragut led the Union fleet past Confederate mines (then called torpedoes) and to victory at the Battle of Mobile Bay on August 5, 1864. From the rigging of his flagship, USS Hartford, . . . — Map (db m4104) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Downtown — Abraham Lincoln
Abraham Lincoln died in this house April 15, 1865 at 7:22 a.m. Purchased by the United States in 1896. — Map (db m28502) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Downtown — .5 — Abraham Lincoln Walked HereCivil War to Civil Rights — Downtown Heritage Trail
“Tonight, beautiful women, perfume, and the violins’ sweetness ... [yet during the war] the amputation, the blue face, the groan, the glassy eye of the dying.” Walt Whitman At 10:30 p.m. on March 4, 1865, a tired and gaunt . . . — Map (db m28665) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Downtown — Albert Gallatin
. . . — Map (db m2129) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Downtown — Alexander Graham Bell
From the top floor of this building was sent on June 3, 1880 over a beam of light to 1325 L Street, the first wireless telephone message in the history of the world. The apparatus used in sending the message was the photophone invented by Alexander . . . — Map (db m17569) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Downtown — Alexander Hamilton Memorial
[ on the front (south face) of pedestal :] Alexander Hamilton 1757-1804 First Secretary of the Treasury Soldier, Orator, Statesman Champion of Constitutional Union, Representative Government and National Integrity . . . — Map (db m32740) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Downtown — Alexander Robey Shepherd
Governor, Territory of the District of Columbia (1873-1874) born Washington, D.C. January 31, 1835 died Batopilas, Mexico, September 12, 1902 buried Rock Creek Cemetery, Washington, D.C. Civil War Union veteran, entrepreneur, civil leader . . . — Map (db m65158) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Downtown — W.3 — Asbury United Methodist ChurchCivil War to Civil Rights — Downtown Heritage Trail
Stories of slavery and freedom, of struggle and achievement are woven through the history of this African American congregation. Founded in 1836, by the time of the Civil War Asbury United Methodist Church was the preeminent Black church in the . . . — Map (db m70316) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Downtown — Ashburton House
. . . — Map (db m4082) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Downtown — Ballington and Maud BoothThe Extra Mile — Points of Light Volunteer Pathway
Founded Volunteers of America in 1896 with the mission to reach and uplift all people. The Booths envisioned a movement that would care for the whole person – mind, body and spirit. Their vision lives on in a national organization that . . . — Map (db m92086) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Downtown — Baron von Steuben Memorial — Lafayette Square National Historic Landmark District
[north face :] Erected by the Congress of the United States to Frederick William Aug- ustus Henry Ferdinand Baron von Steuben in grateful recognition of his services to the American people in their struggle for . . . — Map (db m32878) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Downtown — Bill W. and Dr. BobThe Extra Mile — Points of Light Volunteer Pathway
United in their search for sobriety, Dr. Bob and Bill W. established Alcoholics Anonymous in 1935. This fellowship allows men and women to share with one another their experience, strength and hope in order to carry the message of recovery to . . . — Map (db m92065) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Downtown — Booker T. Washington 1856 - 1915The Extra Mile — Points of Light Volunteer Pathway
As an influential African-American, living in a time of escalating segregation, Booker T. Washington negotiated a course between accommodation and progress in advocating greater civil rights for blacks. His philosophy of “request” not . . . — Map (db m92066) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Downtown — Brigadier General Casimir Pulaski1748 - 1779
(Bronze Plaque):Brigadier General Casimir Pulaski 1748-1779The bronze equestrian statue of Brigadier General Casimir Pulaski, portrays the Revolutionary War hero in the uniform of a Polish cavalry commander. Born in Winiary, Poland on March . . . — Map (db m17615) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Downtown — Carnegie Endowment for International Peace
700 Jackson Place has been designated a National Historic Landmark This site possesses national significance in commemorating the history of the United States of America National Park Service 1974 From 1910 to 1948 it served as the first . . . — Map (db m32879) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Downtown — Central Public LibraryMount Vernon Square — African American Heritage Trail, Washington, DC
This majestic building was opened in 1903 as the Central Public Library, popularly known as the Carnegie Library because Andrew Carnegie donated funds to build it. From the start Central was open to all. Mary Church Terrell and historian John . . . — Map (db m18794) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Downtown — 16 — Cesar Chavez1927 - 1993
Led by his desire to secure a better quality of life for migrant farm workers, Cesar Chavez helped found the United Farm Workers of America, the first effective farm workers' union in the United States. Under his leadership of nonviolent protest, . . . — Map (db m15471) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Downtown — Charles Sumner School Museum and Archives — African American Heritage Trail, Washington, D.C.
17th and M Streets, NW This school, completed in 1872, was one of three public elementary schools built for DC's black children just after the Civil War. Its name honors U.S. Senator Charles Sumner of Massachusetts, who fought to abolish slavery . . . — Map (db m8184) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Downtown — Children's Hospital
Here stood the first Children's Hospital of Washington, DC. Opened as a rented rowhouse in 1871, the hospital had a capacity of 12 beds and had only four doctors on staff. Now internationally recognized, Children's National Medical Center is proud . . . — Map (db m59703) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Downtown — Clara Barton 1821 - 1912The Extra Mile — Points of Light Volunteer Pathway
Clara Barton lived a lifetime of tireless service to others. During the American Civil War, she became known as the “Angel of the Battlefield,” delivering supplies and caring for the sick and wounded. After the war, Barton organized a . . . — Map (db m92177) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Downtown — .3 — Clara Barton, Angel of the Battlefield at HomeCivil War to Civil Rights — Downtown Heritage Trail
“I have paid the rent of a room in Washington ... retaining it merely as a shelter to which I might return when my strength should fail me under exposure and labor at the field.” Clara Barton, December 1863. In November . . . — Map (db m36174) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Downtown — Clifford W. Beers 1876 - 1943The Extra Mile — Points of Light Volunteer Pathway
Founded the National Mental Health Association in 1909 to improve mental health care and fight discrimination against people with mental illness. To instigate this reform, Beers courageously shared his own experience with mental illness in his . . . — Map (db m92194) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Downtown — Cristoforo Colombo[Holy Rosary Church]
This monument, erected on the occasion of the 1992 Quincentennial Jubilee celebrating the discovery of America, pays tribute to Cristoforo Colombo and his seafaring companions. Their bold voyage led to a historic encounter between the European . . . — Map (db m80469) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Downtown — Daniel Patrick Moynihan PlaceRonald Reagan Building and International Trade Center
Senator Daniel Patrick Moynihan wrote the Guiding Principles for Federal Architecture and the proposal for the redevelopment of Pennsylvania Avenue, which President John F. Kennedy proclaimed on May 23, 1962. He served in the . . . — Map (db m49586) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Downtown — Decatur House
(Upper Plaque): Decatur House Has been designated a Registered National Historic Landmark Under the provisions of the Historic Sites Act of August 21, 1935 This site possesses exceptional value in commemorating and illustrating the . . . — Map (db m31101) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Downtown — Edward R. Murrow
This park dedicated April 25, 1979 to Edward R. Murrow 1908-1965 Reporter and Broadcaster Director, U.S. Information Agency 1961-1963 Who gave his profession a standard of excellence and whose clarity, humanity and courage helped his country . . . — Map (db m96444) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Downtown — Executive Office Building
Originally State, War, and Navy Departments Constructed 1871-1888 South Wing Ground broken June 1871 Completed December 1875 East Wing Ground broken July 1872 Completed April 1879 North Wing Ground broken July 1879 Completed December 1882 West . . . — Map (db m71253) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Downtown — First Home of the Reserve Officers Association
From 1924 to 1938, rooms of the Lee House were the first headquarters of the reserve officers association of the United States. Founded in 1922 by General of the Armies John J. Pershing to assure an adequate national security, ROA had as an early . . . — Map (db m4052) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Downtown — Francis Preston Blair
This plaque marks the home of Francis Preston Blair (1791-1876) Founder and Editor of The Globe (1830-1845) A newspaper which championed Democratic causes and vigorous journalism notably during the administration of President Andrew Jackson . . . — Map (db m4047) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Downtown — W.2 — Franklin Square - "Going into the country"Civil War to Civil Rights — Downtown Heritage Trail
This urban oasis exists because President Andrew Jackson needed water. The site of excellent springs (a rare commodity in the early city when everyone was dependent on private wells), this square was purchased by the federal government in 1832 so . . . — Map (db m29594) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Downtown — Freedman’s Savings And Trust
On this site stood the principal office of the Freedman’s Savings and Trust Company founded on March 3, 1865 to receive deposits from former slaves. Frederick Douglass served as its last president. The bank was closed on June 29, 1874. The building . . . — Map (db m32482) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Downtown — W.7 — Freedom PlazaCivil War to Civil Rights — Downtown Heritage Trail
“I have a dream.”                             Martin Luther King, Jr. August 1963 The block-long plaza at 13th and Pennsylvania Avenue just ahead to your left honors civil rights leader Martin Luther King . . . — Map (db m28528) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Downtown — General Post OfficeNational Historic Landmark
General Post Office has been designated a Registered National Historic Landmark under the provisions of the Historic Sites Act of August 21, 1935. This site possesses exceptional value in commemorating or illustrating the history of the . . . — Map (db m28536) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Downtown — Historic New York Avenue Presbyterian Church
This church, one of the Nation’s most historic, traces its beginnings to a small group of Scottish stonemasons meeting in a carpenter’s shop on the grounds of the White House during its construction in 1793. Many prominent Americans, including 17 . . . — Map (db m2115) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Downtown — In Honor of Leslie Coffelt
White House policeman who gave his life in defense of the President of the United States here at the Blair House, November 1, 1950 "For loyalty, bravery and heroism beyond the call of duty." Presented by National Sojourners in commemoration of his . . . — Map (db m73876) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Downtown — Jacqueline Bouvier Kennedy
When the historic character of Lafayette Square was severely threatened during her husband’s administration, it was preserved with the vision and dedicated efforts of Jacqueline Bouvier Kennedy. This view from Decatur House is dedicated to . . . — Map (db m32135) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Downtown — Jean Monnet1888-1979
Born in France, widely travelled, he died at age 90 near Paris, proud citizen of a united Europe he inspired and helped to create. Earlier, from his office in the Willard Hotel, he contributed greatly to America's victory program for wartime . . . — Map (db m6708) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Downtown — John J. Donovan, Jr.
This Plaque is Dedicated to John J. Donovan, Jr. who was a leading figure in Washington, D.C. commercial real estate development for over three decades (mostly with Oliver Carr Companies) until his retirement in 2005. John directed the . . . — Map (db m40992) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Downtown — John J. Pershing, General of the Armies (1860-1948)The Western Front - The Meuse-Argonne Campaign
[Panel 1]: On 6 April 1917, the United States entered World War I. With few regular forces, the task of training and transporting an effective army to fight in France was formidable. The U.S. Navy, acting swiftly to combat the German . . . — Map (db m29593) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Downtown — .6 — John Wilkes Booth's EscapeCivil War to Civil Rights — Downtown Heritage Trail
“My brother saw Booth as he came down the alley and turned into F Street.” Henry Davis, 1901. Twelve-year-old Henry Davis and his brother often looked out the back window of their Ninth Street home before they went to bed. They . . . — Map (db m28492) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Downtown — Julia Ward Howe
In honor of Julia Ward Howe who wrote the "Battle Hymn of the Republic" here at the Old Willard Hotel November 21, 1861 "In the beauty of the lillies Christ was born across the sea with a glory in his bosom that transfigures you and me." . . . — Map (db m6709) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Downtown — Kosciuszko
(Front):Kosciuszko Saratoga(Right): General Thaddeus Kosciuszko 1745-1817 Son of Poland (Left):Military Engineer In the American Revolution Fortified Saratoga and West Point (Back):"And freedom shrieked as Kosciuszko . . . — Map (db m19992) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Downtown — Linotype Model 31Line-Casting Machine
The Linotype was introduced in Baltimore in 1883 by Ottmar Mergenthaler, a German-born inventor. By replacing hand-set type with machine-set type, the speed of composition was vastly increased by this important advance in printing. This machine . . . — Map (db m29511) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Downtown — .1 — Market Space: Yesterday’s Town SquareCivil War to Civil Rights — Downtown Heritage Trail
“Hay for the horses, produce for the table, live chickens for the pot, and a hat for your head.” All this and more could be had right here during the Civil War. The triangular area just ahead to your left was called Major Space. . . . — Map (db m27529) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Downtown — Metropolitan African Methodist Episcopal (A.M.E.) ChurchThe National Cathedral of African Methodism
Metropolitan African Methodist Episcopal (A.M.E.) Church was founded in the District of Columbia in 1838. It is the oldest A.M.E. church and the oldest continuously black-owned property in Washington, D.C. - the Nation's Capital. The church . . . — Map (db m18028) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Downtown — Metropolitan AME Church1518 M Street, NW — African American Heritage Trail, Washington, DC
This church started on Capitol Hill in 1821 as Israel Bethel, was founded by African Americans denouncing White racism at Ebenezer Methodist Episcopal Church. Later, Pastor Henry McNeal Turner helped persuade President Lincoln to accept Black . . . — Map (db m30056) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Downtown — Missing Soldiers
Missing Soldiers. Office, 3rd Floor, Room 9 Miss Clara Barton Clara Barton is famous for her fierce determination and courage to save lives on the Civil War battlefields, and later for founding the American Red Cross. 1861-1865: . . . — Map (db m36172) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Downtown — National Press Club
At this site, at the Willard InterContinental Hotel in March 1908, the National Press Club, now located at 529 14th Street, was formed through the adoption of a constitution and bylaws and the election of the club's first officers. The . . . — Map (db m6586) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Downtown — W.4 — New York Avenue Presbyterian Church at Herald SquareCivil War to Civil Rights — Downtown Heritage Trail
“The churches are needed as never before for divine services,” President Abraham Lincoln So said President Lincoln from his pew in New York Avenue Presbyterian Church. While other churches were occupied by the federal government . . . — Map (db m32926) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Downtown — Original Adas Israel Synagogue
Dedicated 1876 - Restored 1975 Listed on the United States Register of Historic Places and an officially designated Landmark of the District of Columbia Maintained by the Jewish Historical Society of Greater Washington as the . . . — Map (db m29797) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Downtown — Patent Office Building
. . . — Map (db m28549) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Downtown — .8 — Pennsylvania AvenueCivil War to Civil Rights — Downtown Heritage Trail
“Main Street” for the city and the nation. Just a few steps ahead is Pennsylvania Avenue the inaugural parade route for every president since Thomas Jefferson and “Main Street” for local Washington since the city’s . . . — Map (db m29651) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Downtown — Renwick GalleryRegistered National Historic Landmark
. . . — Map (db m73812) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Downtown — Reserve Officers Association of the United States
At this site on the 2nd of October 1922 General of the Armies John J. Pershing met with 140 World War I reserve officers and founded the Reserve Officers Association of the United States. At the meeting General Pershing said: "I consider this . . . — Map (db m6503) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Downtown — Restoration of Jackson Place and Lafayette SquareWhite House Conference Center
[Sketch of townhouses along Jackson Place, NW - the western border of Lafayette Square - behind which the White House Conference Center was constructed in the 1960s & 70s.] Dedicated to those whose spirit and vision helped to preserve . . . — Map (db m32421) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Downtown — Site of Rhodes Tavern
[First Panel]: Built in 1799, in the hope that the new capital would become a great city. Opened as a tavern and inn by William Rhodes, 1801. Washington's first 'town hall,' where White House architect James Hoban and other . . . — Map (db m39618) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Downtown — St. Patrick's ParishErected about 1792
First church to be erected in the "Federal City" outside the limits of "George Towne." First pastor, Rev. Anthony Caffrey, brought from Dublin at suggestion of James Hoban, architect of the "Presidential Palace." March 17, 1953. — Map (db m15936) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Downtown — State, War, and Navy Building
Has been designated a Registered National Historic Landmark Under the provisions of the Historic Sites Act of August 21, 1935 this site possesses exceptional value in commemorating or illustrating the history of the United States U.S. . . . — Map (db m71233) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Downtown — 15 of 16 — Temple for Our History[National Archives Building] Make No Little Plans — Federal Triangle Heritage Trail
You’re standing at the National Archives Building, the first permanent repository for the original records of the federal government. They include the Declaration of Independence, the Constitution, and the Bill of Rights, displayed inside with . . . — Map (db m56901) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Downtown — The Blair House
National Historical Marker The Blair House Purchased in 1836 by Francis P. Blair, Sr., friend of Andrew Jackson, publisher of the Washington "Globe" and the "Congressional Globe." Inherited by his son, Montgomery Blair, Attorney for Dred Scott, . . . — Map (db m23493) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Downtown — The Christian Index
America's oldest existing religious newspaper was first published on this city block at 925 E Street on February 2, 1822. Founded by the legendary Baptist leader Luther Rice, the paper was originally known as The Columbian Star and utilized . . . — Map (db m28559) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Downtown — w.1 — The Church of the EpiphanyCivil War to Civil Rights — Downtown Heritage Trail
“Carpets, cushions, and hymnbooks were packed away ... ambulances began to stop ... lastly come the surgeons....” Margaret Leech, Reveille in Washington. Church spires dominated the skyline of the city of Washington at the . . . — Map (db m29618) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Downtown — The Cosmos Club
The Cosmos Club, founded in 1878 for “The advancement of its members in science, literature, and art,” occupied several houses on Lafayette Square from 1882 to 1952 including the adjacent Madison and Tayloe Houses and this building, . . . — Map (db m2173) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Downtown — The Daguerre Monument
[Inscription on Monument's front, 1890]: DAGUERRE [Inscription on 1890 monument's south side]: To commemorate the half century in photography 1839 - 1889. Erected by the photographers association of America Aug. 1890. . . . — Map (db m28545) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Downtown — The Dolly Madison House
Site of dwelling house owned by Ex-President of the United States James Madison 1828 to 1836 ———— Home of his widow Mrs. Dolly Payne Madison 1837 to 1849 ———— Home of Rear Admiral Charles Wilkes, . . . — Map (db m2174) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Downtown — The John A. Wilson Building
The John A. Wilson Building is headquarters of the local government that serves the nearly 600,000 citizens who call the Nation's capital their home. The Mayor and the 13-member Council, elected by residents of the District of Columbia, oversee all . . . — Map (db m65712) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Downtown — The Lee House
Erected 1858 Home of Rear Admiral Samuel Phillips Lee, U.S. Navy and Elizabeth Blair Lee, to whom it was given by her father, Francis Preston Blair. Admiral Lee commanded the North Atlantic Blockading Squadron during the Civil War. Home also of . . . — Map (db m4050) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Downtown — The Peace Convention
The old Willard Hotel was the scene of the last major effort to restore the Union and prevent the Civil War. At Virginia's invitation, delegates from twenty-one of the then thirty-four states met in secret session from February 4 to 27, 1861, in a . . . — Map (db m6541) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Downtown — The Restoration of 800 F Street
These five landmark buildings on the 800 block of F Street have been restored by Douglas Jamel in conjunction with the International Spy Museum. Erected between 1875 and 1892, the structures are fine examples of Victorian commercial architecture and . . . — Map (db m28540) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Downtown — .4 — The Roots of Freedom and EqualityCivil War to Civil Rights — Downtown Heritage Trail
“It is known to you that events have transpired within the last few days, deeply affecting the peace and character of our community.” With these words, city officials tried to calm the angry mobs gathering on this corner in April . . . — Map (db m25271) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Downtown — The Tayloe House
. . . — Map (db m2172) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Downtown — The United States Court of Claims
The United States Court of Claims held its first meeting in "Willard's Hotel" on this site on May 11, 1855. The court was established to allow citizens to sue the U.S. Government. In 1861, President Lincoln wrote of the court: "It is as . . . — Map (db m6587) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Downtown — W.5 — The United States TreasuryCivil War to Civil Rights — Downtown Heritage Trail
Billions for the war, and a bunker for the president The grand, pillared United States Treasury building that stands before you, its first section designed by Robert Mills in 1836, was the financial command center for the Union. It was here . . . — Map (db m29578) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Downtown — The White House
The White House is the oldest public building in the District of Columbia, and 1600 Pennsylvania Avenue is the most famous address in the United States. Here, every President except George Washington, has conducted the government of the Nation. . . . — Map (db m10127) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Downtown — These Five-Inch Brass Trophy Guns
These five-inch brass trophy guns were captured from the Spanish Arsenal at Cavete [sic], in the Phillipine [sic] Islands on May 1, 1898, following the defeat of the Spanish Squadron in Manila Bay by the United States Navy. Admiral . . . — Map (db m71257) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Downtown — To the Memory of Oscar S. Straus1850 - Statesman, Author, Diplomat - 1926 — "Liberty" - "Reason"
This monument was erected by public subscription in accordance with the joint resolution of Congress of December 16, 1927. Signed by President Coolidge March 2, 1929, in memory of Oscar S. Straus 1850 - 1926 Author . . . — Map (db m9159) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Downtown — U. S. Post Office DepartmentAriel Rios Federal Building — Woodrow Wilson Plaza
Inscription above the frieze, center, west side entablature: The Post Office Department, in its ceaseless labors, pervades every channel of commerce and every theatre of human enterprise, and while visiting, as it does kindly every . . . — Map (db m49587) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Downtown — U.S. Reservation 196L'Enfant Plan for the Federal City
"No nation perhaps had ever before the opportunity offer'd them of deliberately deciding on the spot where their Capital city should be fixed..." - Peter C. L'Enfant to George Washington, September 11, 1789 A new nation faced dissolution. . . . — Map (db m60127) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Downtown — United States Department of the Treasury
Has been designated a Registered National Historic Landmark Under the provisions of the Historic Sites Act of August 21, 1935 This site possesses exceptional value in commemorating or illustrating the history of the United States U.S. . . . — Map (db m2122) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Downtown — Victims of Communism Memorial,National Mall and Memorial Parks, Washington, D.C. — National Park Service, U.S. Department of the Interior.
“These voices cry out to all, and they’re legion,” President George W. Bush, June 12, 2007" The Victims of Communism Memorial enshrines the more than 100 million men, women, and children struck down by 20th century totalitarian . . . — Map (db m36178) WM
District of Columbia (Washington), Downtown — Webster-Ashburton Treaty
Friendship between the United States and Canada was developed and strengthened by the signing of the Webster-Ashburton Treaty, on August 9, 1842, in the old State Department building which stood on this site. This treaty established the north- . . . — Map (db m17617) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Downtown — Western Plaza, Pennsylvania Avenue[Freedom Plaza]
Western Plaza consists of a large raised terrace in which part of L'Enfant's original 1791 plan for Washington, D.C. is rendered in black and white stone. At one end of the raised terrace is a pool. At the other is a shaded sitting area around a . . . — Map (db m17966) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Downtown — White House Kitchen Garden
”. . . Now I shall plant, if at all, more for the public than for myself.” John Quincy Adams, diary entry for July 5, 1826, shortly before beginning the first major planting program at the White House. Massachusetts . . . — Map (db m61677) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Downtown — W.6 — Willard Inter-Continental HotelCivil War to Civil Rights — Downtown Heritage Trail
"This hotel, in fact, may be much more justly called the center of Washington and the Union than either the Capitol, the White House or the State Department. . ." Nathaniel Hawthorne, Civil War reporter for the Atlantic Monthly At 6:30 a.m. . . . — Map (db m10905) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Downtown — William Tecumseh Sherman1820 - 1891
"On no earthly account will I do any act or think any thought hostile to or in defiance of the old government of the United States." Alexandria, Louisiana, January 18, 1861 "Wars legitimate object is more perfect peace." Washington, D.C., February . . . — Map (db m8350) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Downtown — .7 — Woodies Comes to F StreetCivil War to Civil Rights — Downtown Heritage Trail
"Alvin, Washington, D.C. is the place for us." So wrote Samuel Walter Woodward to his business partner, Alvin Lothrop, in 1879. The young entrepreneurs were looking for a new location for their innovative dry goods store near Boston, . . . — Map (db m37223) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Downtown — Zero Milestone — President's Park
[north face:] Zero Milestone [rendering of Mercury’s winged helmet] [plaque in sidewalk below:] The U.S. Coast and Geodetic Survey determined the latitude, longitude and elevation of the Zero Milestone. Authorized . . . — Map (db m32486) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Dupont Circle — John Witherspoon1722 Scotland – Princeton 1794
  Signer of the Declaration of Independence. Presbyterian Minister. “For my own part, of property I have some reputation more that reputation staked. That property is pledged on the issue of this contest: and although these gray hairs . . . — Map (db m29499) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Dupont Circle Neighborhood — Admiral Miguel Grau
Gran Almirante de Peru Miguel Grau 1834-1879 La República del Perú al Caballero de los Mares Inaugurado por el Presidente del Consejo de Ministros Salomón Lerner Ghitis y el Embajador del Perú en los Estados Unidos de América Harold Forsyth . . . — Map (db m97802) HM WM
District of Columbia (Washington), Dupont Circle Neighborhood — 255 — All the Row HousesDupont Circle — Diverse Visions / One Neighborhood
All the row houses in the 1700 block of Q St. (north and south pictured above) were built in the mid-1880s by one of Washington's most prolific architects/builders, Thomas Franklin Schneider. The prosperity and growth during the 1880s in DC resulted . . . — Map (db m80020) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Dupont Circle Neighborhood — 244 — At 1740 New Hampshire Ave.Dupont Circle — Diverse Visions / One Neighborhood
(above) stands the Dove House (1898). The private home has been converted into a 12-unit condominium, including a single unit with a loft in the former high-ceilinged ballroom. The Art Deco Carlyle Suites at 1731 New Hampshire Ave., built as the . . . — Map (db m93409) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Dupont Circle Neighborhood — Before the city built a bridgeDupont Circle — Diverse Visions / One Neighborhood
Before the city built a bridge over Rock Creek at P St., this area was a favorite fording place. In fact, it was here that the Baltimore Light Dragoons and French units led by Lafayette, Count Rochambeau and Duc De Lauzan crossed Rock Creek . . . — Map (db m98789) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Dupont Circle Neighborhood — Carl Lutz
Here Lived Carl Lutz (1895-1975) Swiss diplomat, Righteous Among the Nations Who represented the interests of the United States of America in Budapest, Hungary during World War II and saved the lives of thousands of Jews. . . . — Map (db m69110) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Dupont Circle Neighborhood — Charles Hamilton Houston ResidenceAfrican American Heritage Trail, Washington, DC
1744 S Street, NW Charles Hamilton Houston (1895-1950) was a legal theorist and mentor to an entire generation of African American lawyers. As Howard University School of Law's vice dean, the Harvard-educated Houston helped transform the school . . . — Map (db m97798) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), East Potomac Park — Cuban Friendship Urn
Smaller plaque on the urn El recuerdo del “Maine” tendrá eterna duración durante los siglos los lazos de la amistad entre la tierra de Cuba y la tierra de los Estados Unidos de Norte América. —Gerardo Machado Plaque . . . — Map (db m7871) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Federal Triangle — 1 — America's Main StreetMake No Little Plans — Federal Triangle Heritage Trail
The broadest and most important street in Pierre L'Enfant's Plan of 1791 for the nation's capital connects to the Capitol and the White House. Pennsylvania Avenue. Almost every American knows its name. Almost every visitor to the Washington sets . . . — Map (db m57215) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Federal Triangle — 5 — Appointed RoundsMake No Little Plans — Federal Triangle Heritage Trail
The imposing Ariel Rios Building opened in 1934 to house the U.S. Post Office Department. Architect William A. Delano, of the New York firm Delano and Aldrich, drew inspiration from Paris and other European cities to design the building's unusual . . . — Map (db m57207) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Federal Triangle — 6 — Arts and ArtistsMake No Little Plans — Federal Triangle Heritage Trail
Woodrow Wilson Plaza honors President Woodrow Wilson, noted scholar and former president of Princeton University. Located just inside the Ronald Reagan building ahead is the Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars, the nation's memorial to . . . — Map (db m57208) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Federal Triangle — 9 — Completing the TriangleMake No Little Plans — Federal Triangle Heritage Trail
The Ronald Reagan Building and International Trade Center honoring the 40th president, filled the last open space in the Federal Triangle. When former First Lady Nancy Reagan dedicated it in 1998, the redevelopment of this area of Pennsylvania . . . — Map (db m57205) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Federal Triangle — 14 — Equal Justice Under the LawMake No Little Plans — Federal Triangle Heritage Trail
The roots of America's top law enforcement agency, the Department of Justice, reach back to 1789. That year the first Congress created the Office of the Attorney General to prosecute lawsuits in the Supreme Court and advise the President and the . . . — Map (db m57214) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Federal Triangle — 11 — From Workers to EnvironmentMake No Little Plans — Federal Triangle Heritage Trail
The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, whose mission is to protect human health and the environment, has occupied the majority of offices in this block since 2001. EPA West (this building), the adjacent Mellon Auditorium, and the EPA East . . . — Map (db m57210) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Federal Triangle — 3 — G-Men and G-WomenMake No Little Plans — Federal Triangle Heritage Trail
The Federal Bureau of Investigation is headquartered across Pennsylvania Avenue from this spot. Thanks to popular media, it may be one of the better-known government agencies. Since the 1930s Hollywood has found great stories among the "G-men" . . . — Map (db m57218) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Federal Triangle — 2 — Grandeur for the PeopleMake No Little Plans — Federal Triangle Heritage Trail
The National Archives, keeper of the nation's founding documents and most important federal government records, occupies this important spot halfway between the Capitol and the White House. Before the Archives building was constructed, federal . . . — Map (db m57217) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Federal Triangle — 12 — Keeping it GreenMake No Little Plans — Federal Triangle Heritage Trail
The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency is the youngest agency housed here in the Federal Triangle. Established as an independent agency in 1970, EPA protects human health and the environment through science, transparency, and the rule of law. . . . — Map (db m57211) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Federal Triangle — 8 — Open For BusinessMake No Little Plans — Federal Triangle Heritage Trail
Across the street the Department of Commerce's Herbert C. Hoover Building anchors the Federal Triangle, just as the department - with its mission of promoting trade, supporting economic development, and strengthening the competitiveness of American . . . — Map (db m57204) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Federal Triangle — 13 — Our Tax DollarsMake No Little Plans — Federal Triangle Heritage Trail
While only Congress - the people's elected representatives - can impose taxes and decide how they are spent, the Internal Revenue Service, a bureau of the U.S. Treasury, ensures those taxes are collected fairly and efficiently. The IRS building . . . — Map (db m57212) HM

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