|Hawaii (Hawaii County), Captain Cook — In Memory of Captain James Cook, R.N.|
| Marker panel on obelisk (1874): In Memory of the great circumnavigator
Captain James Cook, R.N. who discovered these islands on the 18th of January, 1770 and fell near this spot on the 14th of February, 1779. ----------------------
This monument was erected in November A.D. 1874
by some of his fellow countrymen.
Near this spot
Capt. James Cook
met his death
February 14, 1779 — Map (db m72497) HM|
|Hawaii (Hawaii County), Honaunau — Pu‘uhona O Hōnaunau - Place of Refuge|
|This ancient Hawaii Sanctuary (Puuhonua) was preserved through the foresight of Charles R. Bishop who added it to the Bishop Estate. With the cooperation of the State of Hawaii, the trustees of the Bernice Pauahi Bishop Estate have dedicated it to the people of the United States as a monument to the achievements of the Polynesians who first discovered and settled these islands. — Map (db m2981) HM|
|Hawaii (Hawaii County), Kailua Kona — Honokohau Settlement|
|Honokohau Settlement has been designated a Registered National Historic Landmark under the provisions of the Historic Sites Act of August 21, 1935. This site possesses exceptional value in commemorating and illustrating the history of the United States. — Map (db m4248) HM|
|Hawaii (Hawaii County), Kailua Kona — Hulihe‘e Palace|
|Hulihe‘e Palace was built in 1838 by
Governor John Adams Kuakini, a companion of
Kamehahena I and one of the first Chiefs
to take up western ways.
Built of coral lava rock and a native woods,
it was handsomely furnished. Hulihe'e
became the Kailua residence of Princess Ruth
governess of Hawaii. King Kalakaua
redecorated it for use as his Summer Palace
and later it belonged to Prince Jonah
Kalaniana'ole, Hawaiian delegate to Congress.
In need of repairs for several years, the
. . . — Map (db m302) HM|
|Hawaii (Hawaii County), Kailua Kona — Hulihe‘e Palace / Moku‘aikaua Church|
Construction of Hulihe‘e Palace was completed in 1838. Hulihe‘e was the gracious residence of Governor John Adams Kuakini and a favorite retreat for Hawai‘i’s royal families. Kuakini oversaw the construction of both Moku‘aikaua Church and Hulihe‘e Palace and these landmarks once shared a similar architectural style. In 1884, King Kalakaua updated Hulihe‘e with a stucco exterior and widened lanai. Today, the Palace is operated as a museum by the Daughters of Hawai‘i. . . . — Map (db m39424) HM|
|Hawaii (Hawaii County), Kailua Kona — The First Hawaiian Christian|
The first Hawaiian Christian,
died at Cornwall, Conn. 1818
The first Christian
missionaries to Hawaii,
Bingham, Thurston, Whitney,
landed at Kailua, April 12, 1820
with their Hawaiian comrades
Hopu, Kanui, Honoli. — Map (db m39440) HM|
|Hawaii (Hawaii County), Kailua-Kona — A Sanctuary for Humpback Whales — Hawaiian Islands Humpback Whale National Marine Sanctuary — Kaloko-Honokohau National Historical Park|
|The sanctuary lies within the shallow, warm waters surrounding the main Hawaiian Islands and is one of the world’s most important humpback whale habitats.
Most of the North Pacific humpback whale population migrates nearly 3,000 miles to Hawaiian waters each winter to mate, calve, and nurse. During the spring and summer, they return to feed in cool, nutrient-rich waters near Alaska and other northern areas.
(Inscription below the photo in the left side) The Hawaiian Islands Humpback Whale . . . — Map (db m72000) HM|
|Hawaii (Hawaii County), Kailua-Kona — Ala Mauka Makai — Mountain-Ocean Trail — Kaloko-Honokohau National Historical Park|
|This trail cuts across Kaloko-Honokohau National Historical Park, passing sites that represent many of the values for which this park was created, such as a malama ka aina, caring for the land. This was a place where Hawaiian families lived, values and traditions were promoted, and the importance of family and caring for one another were taught. As you walk to the shore keep your senses alert for things to see, feel, and smell, and keep your mind open to the spirit of those who lived here long . . . — Map (db m72001) HM|
|Hawaii (Hawaii County), Kailua-Kona — Discovering Kaloko-Honokohau — Kaloko-Honokohau National Historic Park|
|Kaloko-Honokohau National Historical Park celebrates the indigenous people of Hawaii. It penetrates deep into Hawaiian antiquity by preserving evidence of a thousand years of society. It links the touched with the heartfelt, transcending the physical into the spiritual by preserving values, ideas, beliefs and legends.
The park is a window into which you glimpse the lives of generations of Hawaiians, on the land where they lived. It is also a door to creating a future where traditional . . . — Map (db m71999) HM|
|Hawaii (Hawaii County), Kawaihae — Pu'ukohola Heiau — A Sacred Place Since Prehistoric Times|
|A heiau (temple) at Pu’ukohola was built long before Kamehameha started construction on the heiau that you see. This showed great vision and strategy on the part of the kahuna (priests). The heiau was physically very prominent and imposing on the landscape, adding to its spiritual power.
Only the male kahuna (priests), male ali’i (chiefs) and other royalty were allowed to enter the heiau. Women of all status were forbidden entry into the heiau proper. The structure was designed so that . . . — Map (db m71886) HM|
|Hawaii (Hawaii County), Keauhou — Hale Mua|
|This archaeological site has been identified as a men's house associated with a person of chiefly rank who resided at the Lonoikamakahiki Residence. Hydration-Rind dating performed by the Bishop Museum indicated that the major portion of this site was constructed in pre-historic times over a period of 1550 to 1630 AD.
Evidence that supports the identification as a men's house is the architectural construction of this site, which is similar to other known men's houses elsewhere in the . . . — Map (db m39410) HM|
|Hawaii (Hawaii County), Keauhou — Inikiwai Ku'ula Heiau|
|This archaeological site is known as the Inikiwai Heiau. It is sometimes known as the Pahe'ehe'e Ku'ula.
Hawaiian Fishermen built these shrines on promontories along the seashore or near ponds and streams. These shrines are a place for prayer and offerings to the fish god Ku'ula or the fisherman's personal family gods ('Aumakua). Ku'ula was the most prominent god of fishing. His wife, Hina, and son Aiai, were also fishing gods. The shrine itself is also called a Ku'ula.
Fishermen . . . — Map (db m39305) HM|
|Hawaii (Hawaii County), Keauhou — Keauhou - Kahalu'u Heritage Corridor|
|Moku (island districts) were traditionally subdivided into smaller land wedges called ahupua'a. Generally, these ahupua'a extend from the mountain to the sea and contain all the resources needed for sustainable living. Mauka (upland) field systems were cultivated for crops and the makai (seaward) focus was on ocean resources such as fishing and salt preparation. Natural resources were of paramount importance and every person within the community shouldered the . . . — Map (db m39438) HM|
|Hawaii (Hawaii County), Keauhou — Lonoikamakahiki Residence|
|This archaeological site is known as the Lonoikamakahiki Residence.
It is believed that during different periods of time, four great Hawaiian kings lived at this site. These kings were Umi, Lonoikamakahiki, Kalaniopuu, and Kamehameha I.
This residence is believed to have been originally built by Umi. Umi was the son of Liloa who was a superior chief of the entire island of Hawaii who lived in the 15th century.
Liloa and Umi were direct descendants of . . . — Map (db m39409) HM|
|Hawaii (Hawaii County), Naalehu — 66000291 — South Point Complex|
|South Point Complex has been designated a Registered National Historic Landmark under the provisions of the Historical Sites act of August 21st 1935. This site possesses exceptional value in commemorating and illustrating the history of United States.
U.S. Department of the Interior
National Park Service
1964 — Map (db m2314) HM|
|Hawaii (Hawaii County), Volcano — Site of Hawaiian Volcano Observatory|
For nearly 30 years, America’s first full-time volcano observatory occupied this site. Under the direction of Dr. Thomas A. Jaggar, world renowned volcanologist, the expertise to monitor and study volcanoes was developed. In 1942, the observatory was relocated to Uwekahuna, overlooking Haema’uma’u, to make way for the Volcano House Hotel.
This concrete piling served as a base for cameras and transits. The mound covers the old Whitney Seismograph Vault, where early seismic instruments were located. — Map (db m2980) HM|
|Hawaii (Hawaii County), Volcano — The "Firepit" of Halema'uma'u|
|Halema'uma'u Crater is the site of the most eruptions at the summit of Kilauea Volcano. Between 1905 and 1924, a period of about 20 years, a dazzling lake of molten lava circulated within its walls. Then, in 1924, the lake drained away, allowing ground water to penetrate deep inside the volcano. Enormous steam explosions resulted, showering the landscape with rocky debris, still visible around the rim today.
During the 1924 steam blasts, Halema'uma'u collapsed, forming a gaping pit 1600 meters . . . — Map (db m26233) HM|
|Hawaii (Hawaii County), Waikoloa — Puakō Petroglyph Archaeological District|
|Man has always left his mark. Symbols in rock were left by many early civilizations. Te Puako Petroglyph site is one of the largest and finest concentrations of the mysterious symbols left in Hawai‘i. It is likely that many of these petroglyphs were made sometime between A.D. 1000-1800.
Holding Secrets from the Past:
Why were petroglyphs made? No one knows for sure. Could they have been:
Powerful mystical messages to primitive gods or ancestors?
Pleas for protection or . . . — Map (db m3029) HM|
|Hawaii (Hawaii County), Waikoloa Village — The Waikoloa Petroglyph Field|
|Before you lies one of the major concentrations of ancient rock carvings in the Hawaiian Islands. Boundaries were not crossed casually in old Hawaii, and the thousands of surface carvings here, just north of the border between the ancient kingdoms of Kohala and Kona, suggest that many may have a religious or commemorative meaning to the event of crossing that border.
Groups waiting for permission to cross, or armies poised to defend the border or attack it, made simple encampments using . . . — Map (db m4247) HM|
|Hawaii (Honolulu County), Honolulu — King Kamehameha I — Thomas Ridgeway Gould — Bronze, 1883|
|King Kamehameha I (c. 1758–1819) is generally recognized as the most important figure in Hawaiian history. He was a wise ruler who enacted laws to protect the defenseless and to bring order to the newly united kingdom. An astute statesman, he encouraged foreign trade and the use of foreign technology, while avoiding foreign rule. His greatest achievement, through warfare and diplomacy, was the unification of the Hawaiian Islands.
As befits a man of enormous historic and symbolic . . . — Map (db m13581) HM|
|Hawaii (Honolulu County), Honolulu — 40 MM Quad Gun Assembly — Bowfin Park|
|This gun assembly consists of four recoil-operated, heavy machine guns, designed primarily for anti-aircraft fire. Each gun had a firing rate of 120 rounds per minute and fired a two lb. projectile. It had a maximum horizontal range of about 33,000 feet and maximum ceiling range of 22,800 feet. This type of gun was used on destroyer escorts and on all classes of larger ships. Single 40 MM guns were used on submarines for defense against air and surface targets. — Map (db m81385) WM|
|Hawaii (Honolulu County), Honolulu — Afong Villa — Waikīkī Historic Trail|
|On this site stood the villa of Chun Afong, Hawai‘i’s first Chinese millionaire, who arrived
in Honolulu in 1849. By 1855, he had made his
fortune in retailing, real estate, sugar and rice, and for a long time held the government
monopoly opium license.
Chun Afong was a member of King Kalakaua’s privy
council, and married Julia Fayerweather, a descendent of Hawaiian royalty, with whom he had 16 children, 13 of
whom were daughters. He was the inspiration for Jack
London’s famous story, . . . — Map (db m49676) HM|
|Hawaii (Honolulu County), Honolulu — Aliiolani Hale — State of Hawaii Historic Marker|
|Originally designed as a palace, it was built by Kamehameha V to house the legislature, courts and cabinet offices of the Kingdom. He died not long after laying the cornerstone and the building was given his name Aliiolani. It was formally opened by Kalakaua for the legislative session of 1874.
A revolutionary committee occupied the building on January 17, 1893 and proclaimed here the overthrow of the Monarchy and formation of the Provisional Government. Since then it has served as . . . — Map (db m13569) HM|
|Hawaii (Honolulu County), Honolulu — Battle of Nu’uanu – Uniting the Islands|
|In the late 1700s, Kamehameha I from the island of Hawai’i, sought to unite all the Hawaiian islands under one rule. The battle for O’ahu began with the arrival of his forces at Waikiki in 1795.
O’ahu had been defeated by Maui forces a decade earlier and Mau’s Chief Kalanikupule now led the forces on O’ahu. After many hard-fought battles, he was driven up Nu’uanu Valley to this location. Both sides fought with Hawaiian spears and Western firearms but Kamehameha’s cannon gave him the . . . — Map (db m73557) HM|
|Hawaii (Honolulu County), Honolulu — Bombers Over Battleship Row — USS Arizona Memorial|
|The Japanese raided Pearl Harbor and other military targets on Oahu with carrier-launched aircraft which included fighters, horizontal bombers, torpedo planes, and dive bombers. The planes truck here in two waves, beginning at 7:55 a.m., with a 15 minute lull about 8:30.
Finding the American aircraft carriers absent, the Japanese zeroed in on U.S. battleships. Seven of them were lined up beside the mooring blocks (quays) visible across the channel in front of you. It was here, on . . . — Map (db m71616) WM|
|Hawaii (Honolulu County), Honolulu — 16 — Duke Kahanamoku — Waikīkī Historic Trail|
|Olympic swimming champion Duke Kahanamoku (1890–1986) spent much of his youth here in Kālia with his mother’s family, the Paoas. The family owned most of the 20 acres which the Hilton Hawaiian Village now occupies.
It is said that it was here in
Kālia that a husband waited
patiently for the return of his
wife who had been wooed
away by a rival chief on
Maui; hence, the name Kālia
or “waited for.” Duke’s
grandfather, Ho`olae Paoa,
a descendant of royal . . . — Map (db m13188) HM|
|Hawaii (Honolulu County), Honolulu — 5 — Duke Paoa Kahanamoku — August 24, 1890 - January 22, 1968|
|Raised in Waikiki, Duke was a full blooded Hawaiian, who symbolized Hawai'i to millions of people. He developed into an Olympic Champion and the world's fastest swimmer. Between 1912 and 1932 he won three gold medals, two silver and a bronze in four Olympics. He is know as the "Father of International Surfing."
Duke introduced surfing to the Eastern seaboard of American, Europe and Australia. He became a hero when he saved eight lives from a capsized launch at Corona del Mar, California . . . — Map (db m73257) HM|
|Hawaii (Honolulu County), Honolulu — Father Damien — The Reverend Joseph Damien De Veuster, SS. CC. — Hawaii|
| Greater love has no man than this, that a man lay down his life for his friends. —John 15:13
Born a farmer’s son at Tremeloo, Belgium, January 3, 1840. Damien joined the Missionary Congregation of the Sacred Heart and was ordained a Roman Catholic priest at the Cathedral of Our Lady of Peace in Honolulu in 1864. In 1873 he volunteered to serve alone at the leprosy settlement on the island of Molokai. For sixteen years he lived and worked among leprosy victims of all faiths and . . . — Map (db m13485) HM|
|Hawaii (Honolulu County), Honolulu — First Hawaiian Printing — January 7, 1822|
|In a grass house near this site High Chief Keeaumoku pulled the first sheet in the presence of Elisha Loomis, Printer; the Reverend Hiram Bingham; and James Hunnewell, Mission benefactor. — Map (db m60945) HM|
|Hawaii (Honolulu County), Honolulu — Fleet Admiral Chester W. Nimitz, USN|
|He was aggressive in war without hate; he never forgot that he was dealing with human beings, on both sides of the conflict. (E.R. Potter, 1976)
Born to Frederickburg, Texas in 1885, Chester W. Nimitz was accepted into the United States naval Academy at age 15, graduating seventh in his class in 1905.
Nimitz was assigned to the Asiatic Fleet, serving aboard the battleship USS Ohio (BB12), visiting Japan for the first time. He later commanded the captured Spanish gunboat Panay and the . . . — Map (db m73127) HM|
|Hawaii (Honolulu County), Honolulu — 20 — Fort DeRussy — Waikīkī Historic Trail|
|This green expanse in the middle of Waikīkī is Fort DeRussy, named in honor of Brigadier General Rene E. DeRussy, Corps of Engineers, who
served with distinction in the American—British War of 1812. It was started in 1908
as vital American bastion of defense, but today it serves as a place of recreation and relaxation for U.S. military personnel and their families.
If you turn toward the
mountains, all the land
you see before you extending to the foothills of Mānoa . . . — Map (db m13219) HM|
|Hawaii (Honolulu County), Honolulu — Helumoa — Waikiki Historic Trail|
| Surrounded by this open landscape, one can imagine the huge coconut grove known as Helumoa. Planted by Chief Kakuhihewa around the 15th century, the grove once had nearly 10,000 trees. Kahuamokomoki was an area nearby that served as a sporting field. Boxing, wrestling, foot races and other games were played there. Ulumaika, the round stones used for a bowling-type game, were discovered on this site during excavation and contruction of the Royal Hawaiian Hotel. Kamehameha the Great and his . . . — Map (db m73416) HM|
|Hawaii (Honolulu County), Honolulu — Hiram Bingham|
|A Centennial Memorial of Hiram Bingham. Born in Bennington, Vt., Oct. 30, 1789. Died in New Haven, Ct., Nov. 11, 1869, Aged 80 Years.
This slab is placed here in grateful remembrance of a pioneer Missionary by descendants of Hawaiians (aided by his Children) among whom he preached Christ for more than twenty years. He preached the first sermon every delivered in this City April 25, 1820 from Fear not for behold I bring you glad tidings of great joy. Here he taught confiding . . . — Map (db m13800) HM|
|Hawaii (Honolulu County), Honolulu — Iolani Palace — Iolani Hale|
|'Iolani Palace is a living restoration of the offical royal residence for the Kalakaua Dynasty that ruled the Kingdom of Hawai'i from 1874 to 1893. King Kalakaua, who resigned for 17 years, built the palace in 1882 as a symbol of Hawaii's civilized and enlightened leaders as well as it sovereignty. The King's sister and successor, Queen Lili'uokalani, ruled for two years and was deposed on January 17, 1893 by a provisional government. The Queen would later be imprisoned in the palace for eight . . . — Map (db m74148) HM|
|Hawaii (Honolulu County), Honolulu — Island of Oahu — Attack on Pearl Harbor|
|At dawn on 7 December 1941 more than half of the United States Pacific Fleet, approximately 150 vessels and service craft, lay at anchor on alongside piers in Pearl Harbor. All but one of the Pacific fleet’s battleships were in port that morning, most of them moored to quays flanking Ford Island. By 10:00 a.m. tranquil Sunday calm had been shattered. 21 vessels lay sunk or damaged the fighting backbone of the fleet apparently broken. Smoke from burning planes and hangers filled the sky. Oil . . . — Map (db m71610) WM|
|Hawaii (Honolulu County), Honolulu — Japanese Light Tank — Hawaii Army Museum — Fort DeRussy|
|Operated by a crew of three protected by only 1/2 inch of armor and equipped with one 37mm gun and two 7.7mm machine guns. It was powered by a 6-cylinder, 110 H.P. air-cooled diesel engine with a range of 90-100 miles at speeds up to 30 MPH. — Map (db m82123) WM|
|Hawaii (Honolulu County), Honolulu — Japanese Type 1 (1941) — Hawaii Army Museum — Fort DeRussy|
|A light-weight mobile piece used by independent antitank and armored units. Its 3 lb. shell could penetrate 3 inches of armor at 500 yards. — Map (db m82127) WM|
|Hawaii (Honolulu County), Honolulu — 17 — Kālia Bay — Waikīkī Historic Trail|
|Fish were easily netted from the ponds near Pi‘inaio Stream.
In ancient times, the
area was home to many Hawaiian families, who enjoyed the offerings in its bountiful waters. It was not unusual to see native men and women fishing, diving, and gathering seaweed here. Originally, the Pi‘inaio was Waikīkī’s third stream, which entered the ocean here where the ‘Ilikai Hotel now stands. Unlike the Kuekaunahi and
‘Apuakēhau streams, the mouth of the Pi‘inaio was a large, . . . — Map (db m13127) HM|
|Hawaii (Honolulu County), Honolulu — Kaha ha ʻlo me nā Makani — “The Hawk Soars with the Winds” — by sculptor, Kim Duffett|
|Envisioned on a grand scale, these three awe-inspiring figures in bronze are dancing hula kahiko, the ancient style of Hawaiian dance. The two female dancers, spirits of the wind, represent the dance and chant of Hawaiian hula. Together they are the winds that uplift the mighty ’lo, the Hawaiian hawk, our central male dancer, who represents the spirit of Hawai‘i poised to take flight. These images pay tribute to the importance of dance, chant and song in the rebirth and . . . — Map (db m71922) HM|
|Hawaii (Honolulu County), Honolulu — Kaiten — Bowfin Park|
|One man Japanese suicide torpedo. First used in 1944. — Map (db m81381) WM|
|Hawaii (Honolulu County), Honolulu — 15 — Kãlia Fishponds — Diamond Head from Waikiki Annex Pond — Waikiki Historic Trail|
|Had you walked across this road in 1897 you might have landed in Waikĩkĩ’s largest fishpond, the Ka’ihikapu, which measured 13 acres. All of today’s Fort DeRussy on the mauka (toward the mountain) side of the road was covered with fishponds. There were actually hundreds of fishponds in Waikĩkĩ. The fishponds were controlled by the chiefs, but maintained by the commoners. The fish grown in the ponds were mostly ‘ama’ama (or mullet) and awa (milkfish), both of which adapted . . . — Map (db m73113) HM|
|Hawaii (Honolulu County), Honolulu — Kawaiaha‘o Landmark|
|William Charles Lunalilo was the kingdom’s sixth
monarch and proved to be very popular from the
beginning of his reign. King Kamehameha V had
preceded Lunalilo and had died without naming a successor. Therefore Lunalilo was appointed by the Legislature, but to affirm that he was the people’s choice, the newly appointed king called for a general election and was voted to the throne by his loving public. His investiture was held here at Kawaiaha‘o. He was destined to rule only a little over . . . — Map (db m13809) HM|
|Hawaii (Honolulu County), Honolulu — Kawaiaha'o Church — (The Stone Church)|
|Built of gaint coral slabs, hewn from ocean reefs, this sanctuary became known as The Stone Church.
This structure was preceded by a succession of four thatched grass buildings which served as houses of worship until ground was broken in 1837.
The building materials of the sanctuary were not easily accessible. The huge coral slabs had to be quarried underwater, and each weighed more than 1000 pounds.
Native Hawaiians dove 10 to 20 feet to hand chisel these pieces from the reef. The . . . — Map (db m74145) HM|
|Hawaii (Honolulu County), Honolulu — Kawaiaha'o Landmark — The water of Ha'o...|
|In the middle of an otherwise dry and barren plane, existed a sacred spring on these grounds, reserved for use by high chiefs and chiefesses only. Legend tells us that among the high ranking who enjoyed the privilege of bathing in the large circular pool was the High Chiefess Ha'o. Thus the land area near the spring came to bear her name: Ka Wai a Ha'o - The Water of Ha'o.
An original rock which was found next to the spring has been incorporated into the existing fountain which . . . — Map (db m74144) HM|
|Hawaii (Honolulu County), Honolulu — 13 — Kawehewehe — Waikīkī Historic Trail|
|From olden times Waikīkī was viewed not only as a place of peace and hospitality, but of healing.
There was great mana (spiritual power) in Waikīkī. Powerful kahuna la‘au lapa‘au (or physicians) lived here. Throughout the 19th
century, Hawai‘i’s royalty
also came here to convalesce.
One of Waikīkī’s places of
healing was this stretch of
beach fronting the Halekulani
Hotel, called Kawehewehe
(or the removal). The sick and
the injured came to bathe in
the . . . — Map (db m13225) HM|
|Hawaii (Honolulu County), Honolulu — King William Charles Lunalilo — Jan. 31, 1835 – Feb. 3, 1874|
|King Kamehameha V died on December 11, 1872, without naming a successor to the throne. Prince William Charles Lunalilo was the highest ranking Chief at that time. Instead of claiming his birthright to the throne, he wanted the people to choose their next ruler in a democratic way. Lunalilo requested a special election which pitted him against David Kalakaua, a High Chief, but not of the Kamehameha line. Seven days later on January 8, 1873, an entire city cheered as the Legislature proclaimed . . . — Map (db m13788) HM|
|Hawaii (Honolulu County), Honolulu — Kuroda Field|
|Named in honor of Staff Sergeant Robert T. Kuroda, 442nd Regimental Combat Team.
On 20 October 1944, during the battle of Bruyeres, France, Sergeant Kuroda led his squad in an attack against a strongly defended enemy position. He deployed his squad to cover his advance and personally destroyed two enemy gun positions before being struck by an enemy bullet. Sergeant Kuroda was posthumously awarded the Medal of Honor.
Fort DeRussy was the home of the 100th Infantry Battalion, 442nd . . . — Map (db m13256) HM|
|Hawaii (Honolulu County), Honolulu — Lost Submarine Memorial — United States Submarine Losses-Prior To and After World War II- — USS Bowfin Museum and Park|
| He goes a great voyage that goes to the bottom of the sea, George Herbert, Jacula Prudentum, 1651
Throughout the history of submarine development, men have fought enemies just as lethal as any human foe. Those who brave the deep in sealed cylinders of steel encounter dangers beyond those of any surface craft. The end could come with the sudden collapse of the pressure hull, or the lingering agony of suffocation, on the bottom with no way up, collisions with merchant ships, a . . . — Map (db m81389) HM WM|
|Hawaii (Honolulu County), Honolulu — Mark 14 Steam-Driven Torpedo — Bowfin Park|
|This was the U.S. Navy's primary torpedo in WWII. When fired, compressed air, alcohol and water were mixed and ignited in the combustion chamber to produce the steam that powered the turbines.
Weight-3,200 lbs.; Length-20.5 feet; Diameter-21 inches; Speed/Range-31.5 kts/9,000 yrds-or 46 kts/4,500 yds. — Map (db m81384) HM|
|Hawaii (Honolulu County), Honolulu — Mark 37 Electric Torpedo — Bowfin Park|
|This high-performance, submarine-launched weapon is considered to be the first successful torpedo developed for use against other submarines. The Mark 37 was designed to swim out of a 21-inch torpedo tube, to which it remained attached by a length of wire. The wire allowed the torpedo to be "steered" to the target from inside the submarine. The Mark 37 was also equipped with a sophisticated homing system which utilized both active and passive sonar. Several versions of this torpedo saw service . . . — Map (db m81388) HM|
|Hawaii (Honolulu County), Honolulu — Monarchy Cannon — Hawaii Army Museum — Fort DeRussy|
|This cannon was one of a battery of twelve guns placed on punchbowl crater by the Hawaiian monarchy beginning in 1831. Both to defend Honolulu Harbor and to fire salutes. The U.S. Army moved the cannon to Bishop Museum in 1920, where it remained until 1988 when the Army moved it again to this site. — Map (db m82128) HM|
|Hawaii (Honolulu County), Honolulu — National Soaring Museum|
|An International Soaring Record was established here on December 18, 1931. William A. Cocke Jr. remained aloft in a glider called the Nighthawk for 21 hours 34 minutes. A new U.S. and World Endurance Record for motorless fight.
Cocke’s Nighthawk launched from the John Galt Gliderport, located a short distance northeast of the marker.
Illuminating the path for Cocke and his Nighthawk along the cliff face during the night was the U.S. Army’s 64th Coast Artillery Battery.
This . . . — Map (db m73556) HM|
|Hawaii (Honolulu County), Honolulu — Pali Road|
|Constructed in 1897 and opened for the public traffic in 1898. The road has an average grade of eight percent and is 8800 feet long. The original survey was made by John H. Wilson under supervision of William E. Rowell Superintendent of Public Works, W.W. Bruner Highway Engineer both of the Republic of Hawaii. Completion of the job was due to the vision and ability of John H. Wilson and Louis M. Whitehouse. They did the work under contractor for the Republic of Hawaii. This tablet commemorates . . . — Map (db m73555) HM|
|Hawaii (Honolulu County), Honolulu — Pali Road – From Trail to Highway|
|In the early 1800s, you had two choices if you wanted to travel between Honolulu and Windward O’ahu.
You could take a canoe trip around the southern end of the island or hike over the steep cliffs of the Ko’olau mountains. The pali (cliff) trail was the quickest and most direct route, but it was very steep and slippery. Hawaiians travelled the trail with ease but foreigners had a very different experience:
“The pass was almost too fearful to be enjoyed. I suffered from . . . — Map (db m73554) HM|
|Hawaii (Honolulu County), Honolulu — Pearl Harbor Panorama-North — USS Arizona Memorial|
|From this viewpoint along the eastern shore of Pearl Harbor you can see many features associated with the 1941 Japanese attack. The photo was taken in 1991, fifty years after the bombing.
1. Attack Signal-From the cockpit of his bomber over the west coast of Oahu, Cmdr Mitsuo Fuchida gave the signal that meant war with the United States. At 7:49 a.m. he radioed his pilots, “To, to, to,” Japanese for “charge.” Although he was still twenty miles from here, he could see . . . — Map (db m71620) WM|
|Hawaii (Honolulu County), Honolulu — Pearl Harbor Panorama-West — USS Arizona Memorial|
|From this viewpoint along the eastern shore of Pearl Harbor you can see many features associated with the 1941 Japanese attack. The photo was taken in 1991, fifty years after the bombing.
1. Naval Station Signal Tower-From the top of this water tower the U.S. Navy directed vessels in and out of the harbor in 1941. The tower is still in use today. (Inscription below the photo) The Naval signal tower is the center one in this photo taken December 7, 1941, from the Marine Barracks parade . . . — Map (db m71619) WM|
|Hawaii (Honolulu County), Honolulu — 4 — Prince Jonah Kuhio Kalaniana’ole — 1871-1922|
|Prince Jonah Kuhio Kalaniana’ole, the son of High Chiefess Kekaulike Kinoiki II and High Chief David Kahalepouli Pi’ikoi, was born on March 26, 1871 at Ho’ai, Kaua’i. His mother died soon after his birth and he and his two older brothers were hanai by his mother’s sister Kapi’olani and her husband David Kalakaua. When Kalakaua ascended the throne of the Kingdom of Hawai’I in 1874, he gave each of the boys the title of prince. The Monarchy was overthrown in 1893. In 1902, Prince Kuhio was . . . — Map (db m73117) HM|
|Hawaii (Honolulu County), Honolulu — Rainbow Mural|
|This Rainbow Mural, tallest in the world, 286 feet high, 26 feet wide, comprises 8,046 pieces of hand-painted ceramic tile created for the Hilton Tower by Millard Sheets. Dedicated by Conrad N. Hilton and Fritz B. Burns. November 8, 1968. — Map (db m19077) HM|
|Hawaii (Honolulu County), Honolulu — Rainbow Tower & Hilton Lagoon — Waikīkī Historic Trail|
|The legendary surfer Duke Kahanamoku often strolled the sands of Waikīkī Beach fronting what is now Hilton Hawaiian Village Beach Resort & Spa, 1959.
In ancient times, the coastal plain where you now stand was known as Kālia. Water from the Ko‘olau Mountains flowed in streams into the ocean through what is now world-famous Waikiki Beach. The Kālia area was served by the Pi‘inaio Stream and several freshwater springs. Early Hawaiian farmers developed complex . . . — Map (db m13082) HM|
|Hawaii (Honolulu County), Honolulu — Reverend James Kekela — Kekela O Ka Lani|
|Born in 1824 at Mokuleia Oahu
Educated by James Hunnewell at Lahainaluna
First Hawaiian Christian Minister
Ordained at Kahuku December 21 1849
In 1853 he went as a pioneer missionary to
the Marquesas Islands where for 49 years
he exercised a remarkable influence against
cannibalism and tribal warfare
a true spiritual guide
In 1864 he was signally rewarded by
for rescuing an American Seaman from cannibals
Died in . . . — Map (db m74147) HM|
|Hawaii (Honolulu County), Honolulu — Sunday Morning — USS Arizona Memorial|
|December 7, 1941, at Pearl Harbor began routinely. Sailors and marines turned out for church services, morning colors, and chow. They looked forward to off-duty time for recreation, letter-writing, or sleep. It was Sunday in the peacetime Navy.
The Navy was preparing for war at sea, but not for a massive air attack.
Unknown to the Americans, more than 350 Japanese planes were headed this way from aircraft carriers north of the island, while Japanese midget submarines probed harbor . . . — Map (db m71617) WM|
|Hawaii (Honolulu County), Honolulu — 19 — The Ala Wai Canal — Waikīkī Historic Trail|
|Ala Wai (freshwater way) Canal was
at the heart of the Waikīkī Reclamation Project launched in the early 1900s “to
reclaim an unsanitary and most unsightly portion of the city.” The duck farms and the millions of mosquitoes that stagnant ponds
bred were the culprits. Residents complained, the Territorial government responded, and work began in
1922. With the canal’s completion in 1928, the taro and rice fields, the fish and duck ponds, all vanished. The reclaimed acres . . . — Map (db m13196) HM|
|Hawaii (Honolulu County), Honolulu — 1 — The Beaches of Waikiki — Waikiki Historic Trail|
|Princess Lili’uokalani enjoyed spending time with Robert Louis Stevenson on Waikiki in “earnest conversation”, Feb 3, 1889
This section of Waikikik Beach contains four distinct areas: Outrigger Canoe Club, San Souci, Kapi’olani Park and Queen’s Surf. The Outrigger Canoe Club Beach fronts the Club, which was founded in 1908 to revive surfing and canoe paddling, and to promote other sports and activities. Sans Souci (from the French “without care”) takes its name from . . . — Map (db m73122) HM|
|Hawaii (Honolulu County), Honolulu — 10 — The First Lady of Waikiki|
|The Moana Hotel opened on March 11, 1901 as Waikiki’s first hotel. Affectionately called “The First Lady of Waikiki,” this iconic resort embraces true Hawaiin hospitality. Walter Chamberlain Peacock, the original owner of the Moana Hotel, opened its elegant doors to the public offering 75 rooms at a costly $1.50 per night. The Lucas Brothers, known for their magnificent construction of Iolani Palace, were hired as contractors.
One of the many memories the Moana Surfrider . . . — Map (db m73114) HM|
|Hawaii (Honolulu County), Honolulu — The Honolulu Memorial at the National Memorial Cemetery of the Pacific|
|In these gardens are recorded
the names of Americans
who gave their lives
in the Service of their Country
and whose earthly resting place
is known only to God
*Indicates Medal Of Honor Award — Map (db m4504) HM|
|Hawaii (Honolulu County), Honolulu — 6 — The Stones Of Life — Na Pohaku Ola Kapaemahu A Kapunt|
|Legend says these stones are the living legacy of four powerful Tahitian healers who once resided near this site at a place called Ulukon. From the court of the Tahitian chief, the names of the four were Kapaemahu, Kapuani, Kinohi, and Kahaloa. They came from Moaulanuiakea on the island of Raiatea long before the reign of Kakuhihewa, beloved O’ahu chief during the 1500’s.
The fame of the healers spread as they traveled throughout the islands administering their miraculous cures. When it . . . — Map (db m73116) HM|
|Hawaii (Honolulu County), Honolulu — The Story of Kālia — Waikīkī Historic Trail|
|Chief Ma‘likūkāhi, who reigned over the island of Oahu in the mid-1400s, resided in Waikīkī and used it as his seat of government. He was greatly loved by his subjects who enjoyed unprecedented peace and prosperity. Ali‘i (royalty) from all points came to Waikīkī to enjoy surfing, sporting games, hula, and other entertainment. The maka‘āinana (common people) living in Kālia gladly supplied their chiefs with the fruits of their labor. The sharing of food . . . — Map (db m13200) HM|
|Hawaii (Honolulu County), Honolulu — This Sacred Site — World War II Valor in the Pacific National Monument|
|This memorial honors the fallen crew of USS Arizona and all those who died in the attack on December 7, 1941. The remains of over 900 Arizona crewman rest beneath you within the sunken battleship. Just ahead is an open area where you can look down onto the ship. The Shrine Room beyond displays the names of the 1,177 Arizona crewmen lost in the attack. Another list honors Arizona survivors who have rejoined their shipmates in the waters below.
Photo caption: A National . . . — Map (db m73230) HM WM|
|Hawaii (Honolulu County), Honolulu — U.S. 105mm Howitzer M3 — Hawaii Army Museum — Fort DeRussy|
|With the emergence of airborne troops in 1941 came the need for an airborne howitzer. The M3 was created by shortening an existing 105mm howitzer barrel and mounting it on a modified 75mm carriage. The lightweight M3 proved to be an effective weapon within its limited range of 8295 yards. — Map (db m82125) WM|
|Hawaii (Honolulu County), Honolulu — U.S. Light Tank, M24 — Hawaii Army Museum — Fort DeRussy|
|Used for scouting and reconnaissance in the late days of WWII. It mounted a 75mm main gun and three machine guns behind 1" of armor. Two Cadillac V-8 engines drove the 19 ton tank and its crew of four at speeds up to 35 MPH. — Map (db m82124) WM|
|Hawaii (Honolulu County), Honolulu — U.S. Naval Base Pearl Harbor|
|U.S. Naval Base, Pearl Harbor
has been designated a
Under the provisions of the
Historic Sites Act of August 21, 1935
this site possesses exceptional value
in commemorating and illustrating
the history of the United States
U.S. Department of the Interior
National Park Service
1964 — Map (db m4526) HM|
|Hawaii (Honolulu County), Honolulu — U.S. Prefabricated Pill Box — Hawaii Army Museum — Fort DeRussy|
|In the months before Dec 7th, many of these steel pillboxes were planted to defend military installations, airfields, and likely landing beaches around Oahu. Once buried in position, the 2-man crew entered through culvert pipe openings at the base to operate light machine guns housed in the revolving turret. — Map (db m82121) WM|
|Hawaii (Honolulu County), Honolulu — U.S.S. Arizona|
|At 0755, 7 December 1941,
near this spot at Berth Fox 7
The USS Arizona
was hit by one torpedo and approximately
seven bombs. One bomb went down the stack and another penetrated the black powder magazines. The sunken ship remains the tomb of nine hundred men.
The USS Vestal was moored alongside the Arizona but got underway and was beached on Aiea Shoal after having been struck by two fifteen inch armor-piercing projectile type bombs. — Map (db m73902) HM WM|
|Hawaii (Honolulu County), Honolulu — U.S.S. Bowfin (SS287) — USS Bowfin Submarine Museum and Park — Pearl Harbor Historic Sites|
|Step aboard and dive into submarine history onboard USS Bowfin (SS-287). A restored World War II submarine nick-named the "Pearl Harbor Avenger". Launched December 7, 1942, she made 9 successful war patrols in the Pacific, sinking 44 enemy ships. — Map (db m81377) HM|
|Hawaii (Honolulu County), Honolulu — USS Arizona Memorial|
|In reverent recognition of divine guidance
and - to the eternal memory of those who
gave their last full measure of devotion
to their country this monument is
dedicated - humbly to their sacrifice in
defending our freedom.
Erected by the
Navy Club of the United States of America
A Naval veterans organization
7 December 1955. — Map (db m60157) HM|
|Hawaii (Honolulu County), Honolulu — USS Seawolf (SS-197) — Bowfin Park — Pearl Harbor|
LCDR A.M. Bontier, USN, Commanding Officer; Launched 15 August 1939; Lost at Sea, 3 October 1944.
Beginning with her first patrol just hours after the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor, a daring submarine embarked on a career that made the name “Seawolf” one of the most recognized in the history of undersea warfare. Over the next three years, Seawolf completed 14 patrols, covering practically all of the known pacific shipping routes. That she executed 56 torpedo attacks and . . . — Map (db m81417) WM|
|Hawaii (Honolulu County), Honolulu — USS Swordfish (SS-193) — Bowfin Park — Pearl Harbor|
| CDR K.E. Montross, USN, Commanding Officer; Launched 1 April 1939; Lost at sea, January 1945.
Less than two weeks after the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor, Swordfish sank her first ship. So began the career of a submarine that not only sank many more Japanese vessels before the war’s end but also proved the usefulness of submarines in a variety of wartime operations. In addition to carrying out her routine offensive war patrols, Swordfish conducted close-range reconnaissance photography . . . — Map (db m81419) HM WM|
|Hawaii (Honolulu County), Honolulu — USS Tang (SS-306) — Bowfin Park — Pearl Harbor|
CDR R.H. Kane, USN, Commanding Officer; Launched 17 August 1943; Lost at sea, 24 October 1944.
The exploits of Tang are legendary in submarine history. Under the bold leadership of Commander Richard H. O’Kane, Tang executed five brilliant patrols, destroying enemy ships almost as fast as the Japanese could build them. Tang’s rescue of 22 downed naval pilots off Turk Lagoon during her second war patrol made headlines and proved the value of submarine lifeguard duty. Tang was one of only . . . — Map (db m81473) HM WM|
|Hawaii (Honolulu County), Honolulu — USS Utah Memorial|
|Near this spot, at Berth Fox 11
on the morning of 7 December 1941,
the USS Utah was struck on the portside
with what is believed to have been
three aerial torpedoes and was sunk.
She was subsequently rolled over
to clear the channel but was
left on the bottom. — Map (db m60044) HM|
|Hawaii (Honolulu County), Honolulu — USS Utah Memorial|
|This memorial was officially authorized by the 91st Congress of the United States of America on 14 October 1970. Its construction was made possible by Congressional appropriation and by the generous contributions of many individuals and organizations devoted to the preservation of heroic memories.
Dedicated Memorial Day 1972
Constructed under the direction of the U.S. Navy.
Secretary: John M. Chaffee
Commander-In-Chief Pacific Fleet -
Admiral B.A. Clarey, USN •
Commandants . . . — Map (db m60071) HM|
|Hawaii (Honolulu County), Honolulu — USS Utah Memorial — World War II Valor in the Pacific National Monument|
|In the waters ahead lie the mostly submerged remains of USS Utah, a former battleship used for target and gunnery training. Two torpedoes struck the Utah as the Pearl Harbor attack began on December 7, 1941. The ship capsized, trapping dozens of men inside. They included Medal of Honor recipient Chief Watertender Peter Tomich, who stayed at his post to make sure the ship's boilers were secured and all fireroom personnel had left their stations.
Efforts to raise the ship . . . — Map (db m60161) HM|
|Hawaii (Honolulu County), Honolulu — USS Wahoo (SS-238) — Bowfin Park — Pearl Harbor|
CDR D.W. Morton, USN Commanding Officer; Launched 14 February 1942; Lost at sea 11 October 1943.
If one submarine could be said to embody the spirit and pride of the U.S. Submarine Force, it would probably be Wahoo. Certainly the enemy convoy’s unfortunate enough to encounter her would agree that she contributed more than her share to the war effort. They often reported being attacked by more than one submarine, a fact that earned Wahoo the nickname “The one-submarine wolf . . . — Map (db m81474) WM|
|Hawaii (Honolulu County), Honolulu — USS West Virginia Memorial|
|At 0758, 7 December 1941,
near this spot at Bert Fox 6
the USS West Virginia
moored outboard the USS Tennessee
was damaged and sunk by enemy bombs and torpedoes.
As the West Virginia settled to the bottom
she forced the Tennessee against the quay
causing hull damage. The Tennessee also
was struck by two armor-piercing bombs,
and was severely burned by oil fires
on the water, which spread from the
Arizona nearby at Berth Fox 7. — Map (db m60158) HM|
|Hawaii (Honolulu County), Honolulu — Victoria Kawekiu F Lunalilo Kalaninuiahilapalapu Ka’iulani Cleghorn — 1875-1899|
|Born to Chiefess Miriam Kapili Likelike (sister to King Kalākaua and Queen Lili’uokalani) and Governor Archibald Scott Cleghorn. She was the only child born to the last ruling dynasty of the Hawaiian Kingdom.
Princess Ka’iulani and her parents lived in Waikīkī and created a tropical garden estate, in the area around this statue, known as ’Āinahau—Land of the Hau Tree. Ka’iulani’s favorite flower was the Chinese Jasmine, which grew wild in the gardens and was . . . — Map (db m73229) HM|
|Hawaii (Honolulu County), Honolulu — 2 — Waikiki — Waikiki Historic Trail|
|Waikiki means “spouting water” because it was a vast marshland fed by many streams. You are in fact standing on what was the mouth of an old stream, the Kuekaunahi. From ancient times Waikiki has been a popular surfing spot which is one of the reasons why the chiefs made their homes and headquarters here for hundreds of years. Though it’s been called “the sport of kings,” everyone surfed. Surf spots had their special names and the most famous in Waikiki was Kalehuawehe . . . — Map (db m73119) HM|
|Hawaii (Honolulu County), Pearl Harbor — U. S. S. Missouri — Instrument of Surrender, WWII|
|The instrument of surrender terminating the Second World War was signed on this ship, 2 September 1945 east longitude date while she lay at anchor in Tokyo Bay.
The Allied representatives were • General of the Army Douglas MacArthur, The Supreme Commander for the Allied Powers • Fleet Admiral Chester W. Nimitz, United States of America • General Hsu Yung-Ch’ang, Republic of China • Admiral Sir Bruce A Fraser, United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland • Lieutenant General Kuzma . . . — Map (db m49677) HM|
|Hawaii (Honolulu County), Wahiawa — Major General John M. Schofield — Address to the U.S. Corps of Cadets-Aug 11, 1879 — Schofield Barracks|
|The discipline which makes the soldiers of a free country reliable in battle is not to be gained by harsh or tyrannical treatment-on the contrary-such treatment is far more likely to destroy than to make an army. It is possible to impart instruction and give commands in such manner and in such tone of voice as to inspire in the soldier no feeling but an intense desire to obey. While the opposite manner and tone of voice cannot fail to excite strong resentment and a desire to disobey. The one . . . — Map (db m81310) HM|
|Hawaii (Honolulu County), Wahiawa — U.S. Medium Tank — M-4A3E8|
|In the spring of 1951, units of the 25th Infantry Division crossed the Han River to liberate the City of Seoul. One of the units that took part in this operation was C Company, 89th Tank Battalion. In preparation for their assault across the Han, they painted their tanks with a "Devils" scheme designed to frighten the Chinese. They called themselves "Rice's Red Devils" after Captain Clifford Rice, their commanding officer. This is are presentation of the artwork painted on their tanks.
. . . — Map (db m81311) HM WM|
|Hawaii (Honolulu County), Waikiki — “Brothers in Valor” Memorial — Fort DeRussy, Oahu, Hawaii|
|Honoring the World War II Veterans of the 100th Infantry Battalion (Separate), the 442nd Regimental Combat Team, the Military Intelligence Service, and the 1399th Engineer Construction Battalion.
“Veterans who served in these units, which are deeply rooted to Hawaii, have rendered significant service to their nation, often with great sacrifice.” —Lt. General Robert L. Ord, III, Commander, U.S. Army, Pacific. November 1995.
100th Infantry Battalion (Separate), . . . — Map (db m26939) HM|
|Hawaii (Honolulu County), Waikiki — King David Kalākaua — 1836–1891|
| (tablet on back of base)
David Kalākaua was born on November 16, 1836. He succeeded to the throne on February 12, 1874, and ruled with his queen, Kapi‘olani. King Kalākaua was the catalyst for the revival and flowering of Hawaiian intellectual and artistic traditions that took place in the last quarter of the 19th century.
He was an accomplished musician and, among other chants and songs, composed he words of “Hawai‘i Pono’i,” now the State of Hawaii’s . . . — Map (db m13586) HM|
|Hawaii (Honolulu County), Waikiki — Mahiole — (Helmet)|
|Ancient Hawaii was governed by a sharply defined caste system. The kings were the highest authority. Chiefs, or Alii, ruled over sections of the land at the pleasure of the kings. At times there was a king for each of the major islands in the Hawaiian chain.
Wars were frequent among the ancient Hawaiians. A king might attack the people of another island—or a chief might attack the village of a rival chief. Battles consisted largely of hand to hand combat using spears, clubs and . . . — Map (db m75626) HM|
|Hawaii (Honolulu County), Waimanalo — Wolphin Kekaimalu — "Peaceful Sea" — Sea Life Park|
| A hybrid between a False Killer Whale & Atlantic Bottlenose Dolphin.
Born May 15, 1985.
She shows her whale heritage in her dark coloration, bodylength, width, and large teeth.
Her profile is unique blend of both parents with a short, tapering rostrum or "beak".
She has an estimated 66 teeth, while an Atlantic Bottlenose Dolphin has 88 teeth and a False Killer Whale has 44 teeth.
She weighs approximately 690 pounds.
She eats 45 pounds of fish a day.
Generally hybrid . . . — Map (db m82138) HM|
|Hawaii (Kauai County), Hanalei — Hanalei Schoolhouse|
|This 1926 Hanalei School classroom building was designed by architect John Waiamau. Scheduled for demolition in 1987, it was moved to the present site and adapted to a new retail use in 1989. The restored building is on the National Register of Historic Places for its architectural and historic significance, and received a Historic Hawai'i Foundation Honor Award for 1990. — Map (db m27062) HM|
|Hawaii (Kauai County), Hanalei — Waioli Mission Hall|
|The Waioli Mission Hall was established by American Christian missionaries in 1834. A pole and thatch meeting house was constructed by Hawaiians on this site, in anticipation of the arrivals of the missionaries. The first meeting house was destroyed by fire, and a second was destroyed by wind. Following the destruction of the two earlier buildings, the congregation finished this timber frame in 1841. It is the oldest surviving church building on the island of Kauai.
The building design, . . . — Map (db m9804) HM|
|Hawaii (Kauai County), Kapaa — Houola|
|Houola (dew of life) is the name passed down from ancient times for this place at the mouth of the Wailua River. Historical accounts suggest a pu'uhonua (place of refuge) was located here where one could escape punishment and find safety during war. The religious center of this place is Hikinaakalā.
The massive walls, 6 feet high and 11 feet wide enclose the sacred area. A row of wooden images known as ka pae ki'io Wailua stand near the river mouth and watch . . . — Map (db m65754) HM|
|Hawaii (Kauai County), Kapaa — Maunakapu and Wailua River — Wailua Heritage Trail — Preserving the culture and history of the Wailua River Valley|
|The mountain ridges of Maunakapu and Nounou divided the Wailua ahupua'a into two sections. Wailua Kai, traditionally referred to as, "Wailuanuiaho'ano," encompasses about 2800 acres of land seaward. Wailua Uka is comprised of more than 17,455 acres. Altogether, the verdant valley provided all of the resources and necessities to support the chiefly retinues, along with the populace of maka'ainana who cultivated the lands and provided labor for the ruling ali'i. — Map (db m65795) HM|
|Hawaii (Kauai County), Kapaa — Poli'auh Heiau|
|Many generations ago, every stone was brought by hand up to this bluff from the rivers below to build this heiau (temple). A heiau was often remodeled by a new ruling ali'i (chief) and his kahuna (priest).
Within the walls of this heiau, the kahuna conducted religious ceremonies and rituals. The features erected within the heiau for these rituals disappeared when the traditional Hawaiian religious system was abolished after 1819. — Map (db m65809) HM|
|Hawaii (Kauai County), Kapaa — Roxy Theater — 1939-1992|
|Roxy Square stands on the lot where the largest movie theater in the islands was built by W.A. and Agnes Scharsch Fernandez in 1939. Designed by the well-known Honolulu architect C.W. Dickey, it was modeled after the famous Roxy Theater in New York City. With its state-of-the-art sound system, music drifted along the Kapa'a streets. Every one of the 1,050 seats had a clear view of the large silver screen. The interior Art Nouveau style, red velvet curtains, red seats and a lower and upper . . . — Map (db m40423) HM|
|Hawaii (Kauai County), Kapaa — The Kapa‘a Japanese Stone Lantern (Ishidoro) — Preserving the History of Kapa‘a’s Issei Generation|
|The 15-foot cast concrete lantern was constructed in 1915 by Kaua‘i’s first generation Japanese immigrants. As a tribute to their homeland, the lantern commemorates the 1912 coronation of Emperor Taisho. An inscription reads: “Great Japan Emperor ascension to the throne, coronation, and commemoration lantern”.
During WW II, as anti-Japanese sentiment grew on Kaua‘i, the lantern was buried in 1943. Almost three decades later, the lantern was unearthed in 1972 when county . . . — Map (db m9786) HM|
|Hawaii (Kauai County), Kapaa — Wai'ale'ale — Wailua Heritage Trail — Preserving the culture and history of the Wailua River Valley|
|Steeped in Hawaiian oral traditions, Wai'ale'ale mountain represents the piko or navel of Kaua'i. Its peak, Kawaikini is the highest point on the island at 5,243 feet. Reputed as one of the world's wettest spots, it average 400 to 600 inches of annual rainfall. It is also home to Kauai's main watershed, Alaka'i. — Map (db m65794) HM|
|Hawaii (Kauai County), Kawaihae — Pu'ukohola Heiau National Historic Site|
| Welcome to Pu’ukohola Heiau, one of the most famous heiau (temples) in the Hawaiian Islands. This heiau is an integral component of the traditional Hawaiian social, political, and religious systems, and a significant place in the history of King Kamehameha I, who brought the Hawaiian Islands together under one rule.
Pu’ukohola Heiau is a National Historic Site administered by the National Park Service and held in stewardship for the common benefit for Hawaiian people, for people of the . . . — Map (db m71874) HM|
|Hawaii (Kauai County), Kilauea — Daniel K. Inouye — Kilauea Point Lighthouse|
|May the glimmer of both this historic lighthouse, guiding ships to safe harbor, and the legacy of Senator Daniel K. Inouye, illuminating the voices of Hawaii citizens, always continue to serve as beacons of hope.
'Ike vision, Lawelawe service, Mana'olana hope — Map (db m65776) HM|
|Hawaii (Kauai County), Koloa — 11 — Kōloa Jodo Mission — Kōloa Heritage Trail — Ka Ala Hele Waiwai Ho‘olina o Kōloa — Preserving the Heritage of Po‘ipū & Kōloa|
|Buddhist temples provided Japanese immigrants a place to worship, study their language, learn martial arts and participate in social events. This Jodo Mission used a specialist in temple architecture from Japan to build the large temple’s interior. Hand-painted, wooden ceiling tiles were a gift from he Japanese artist who rendered them. — Map (db m13007) HM|
|Hawaii (Kauai County), Koloa — 14 — Kōloa Missionary Church — Kōloa Heritage Trail — Ka Ala Hele Waiwai Ho‘olina o Kōloa — Preserving the Heritage of Po‘ipū & Kōloa|
|Kōloa Missionary Church sanctuary is part of a homestead once owned by Dr. James W. Smith, a medical missionary. In 1842, he began a practice of over 40 years, later becoming an ordained minister at The Church at Kōloa. His grandson, Dr. Alfred Herbert Waterhouse, added a clinic to the homesteat in 1933. — Map (db m13023) HM|
|Hawaii (Kauai County), Koloa — Koloa, Birthplace of the Hawaiian Sugar Industry — The Sugar Monument|
|The Beginning. Near this site, on September 12, 1835, William Hooper began clearing 12 acres of land to plant sugar cane. The land was part of 980 acres leased by Hooper’s employer, Ladd & Co. of Honolulu. The land was leased from King Kamehameha III at $300 a year for 50 years beginning July 29, 1835.
Sugarcane grew in Hawaii before the Western discovery of the islands in 1788, apparently brought to Hawaii by the Polynesian voyagers who first settled the islands. But Ladd & Co.’s . . . — Map (db m18760) HM|
|Hawaii (Kauai County), Koloa — 13 — Yamamoto Store & Kōloa Hotel — Kōloa Heritage Trail — Ka Ala Hele Waiwai Ho‘olina o Kōloa — Preserving the Heritage of Po‘ipū & Kōloa|
|Built at the turn of the 20th century, The Yamamoto Building functioned at various times as a plantation camp store and general store with service station. Behind it, the Kōloa Hotel offered rooms to traveling salesmen and actors. The o-furo, or hot tub, provided a relaxing soak to guests. — Map (db m13010) HM|
|Hawaii (Kauai County), Poipu — 3 — Hanaka‘ape Bay & Kōloa Landing — Kōloa Heritage Trail — Ka Ala Hele Waiwai Ho‘olina o Kōloa — Preserving the Heritage of Po‘ipū & Kōloa|
|In the mid 1800s, Kōloa Landing was the third largest whaling port in all of Hawai‘i and the only port of entry for foreign goods. The sugar industry increased its use until 1912, when better facilities became available. Up to 60 ships a year anchored here to stock provisions and take on passengers. — Map (db m12787) HM|
|Hawaii (Kauai County), Poipu — 10 — Hapa Road — Kōloa Heritage Trail — Ka Ala Hele Waiwai Ho‘olina o Kōloa — Preserving the Heritage of Po‘ipū & Kōloa|
|Lava rock walls near Hapa Road signify Hawaiian habitation ca. 1200 A.D., while the road dates to the late 1880s. Nearby tracks once held trains hauling cane to Kōloa Plantation for milling. Hapa Road served as a supply and emergency evacuation route during World War II, and at various times a foot and bicycle path. — Map (db m12866) HM|
|Hawaii (Kauai County), Poipu — 7 — Keoneloa Bay — Kōloa Heritage Trail — Ka Ala Hele Waiwai Ho‘olina o Kōloa — Preserving the Heritage of Po‘ipū & Kōloa|
|Stone and coral tools found a Keoneloa Bay , or long sand, helped arcaeologists determine that early Hawaiians used the area between 200 and 600 A.D. as a temporary fishing camp. Later Hawaiians left remnants of heiau, or temples, and ahu, or altars. They prayed to Kāna‘aukai, an important fishing god. — Map (db m12806) HM|
|Hawaii (Kauai County), Poipu — 5 — Kihāhouna Heiau — Kōloa Heritage Trail — Ka Ala Hele Waiwai Ho‘olina o Kōloa — Preserving the Heritage of Po‘ipū & Kōloa|
|The walled heiau (temple) that once stood here was 130 feet by 90 feet; dedicated to Kāne, a major god of Hawai‘i, Hulokoki, a bird god, Kū-hai-moana and Ka-moho-ali‘i, two shark gods. Three hala-lihilihi-‘ula trees situated on the outside of the naupaka hedge mark the heiau perimeter. — Map (db m12803) HM|
|Hawaii (Kauai County), Poipu — 8 — Makawehi & Pā‘ā Dunes — Kōloa Heritage Trail — Ka Ala Hele Waiwai Ho‘olina o Kōloa — Preserving the Heritage of Po‘ipū & Kōloa|
|The eastern sand dunes of Makawehi, calm face, and Pā‘ā, hard rock, yield fossilized plant roots, bird bones, crab claws and other treasures. Prior to extensive wave erosion, this prominent limestone ridge extended across Keoneloa Bay. During March through November, water birds visit and sea birds nest and roost in the dunes. — Map (db m12859) HM|
|Hawaii (Kauai County), Poipu — 4 — Pā‘ū a Laka (Moir Gardens) — Kōloa Heritage Trail — Ka Ala Hele Waiwai Ho‘olina o Kōloa — Preserving the Heritage of Po‘ipū & Kōloa|
|What began as a hobby garden by the Kōloa Plantation manager’s wife became celebrated as one of the world’s best of its kind. Numerous cactus planted in the 1930s thrived in the arid, rocky soil here. Many escaped to surrounding areas to become naturalized over time. — Map (db m12797) HM|
|Hawaii (Kauai County), Poipu — 6 — Po‘ipū Beach Park — Kōloa Heritage Trail — Ka Ala Hele Waiwai Ho‘olina o Kōloa — Preserving the Heritage of Po‘ipū & Kōloa|
|Abundant, easy-to-view marine life in calm waters is a major attraction at Po‘ipū Beach. The endangered native Hawaiian Monk seal and threatened Green sea turtle are frequent visitors. From November through May, the endangered Humpback whale appears. Ancient Hawaiians fished and played here and harvested salt in dug-out evaporating pans nearby. — Map (db m12805) HM|
|Hawaii (Kauai County), Poipu — 2 — Prince Kūhiō Birthplace & Park — Kōloa Heritage Trail — Ka Ala Hele Waiwai Ho‘olina o Kōloa — Preserving the Heritage of Po‘ipū & Kōloa|
|Prince Jonah Kūhiō Kalaniana‘ole was born in a grass hut near this spot to Princess Kinoike Kekaulike and High Chief David Kahalepouli Pi‘ikoi. He became a delagate to U.S. Congress after Hawai‘i became a Territory in 1900, serving for 19 years. He worked tirelessly on behalf of the Hawaiian people. — Map (db m12778) HM|
|Hawaii (Kauai County), Poipu — 9 — Pu‘uwanawana Volcanic Cone — Kōloa Heritage Trail — Ka Ala Hele Waiwai Ho‘olina o Kōloa — Preserving the Heritage of Po‘ipū & Kōloa|
|More than 5 million years ago, a hotspot in the earth spewed lava upward to form the volcanic mountain island of Kaua‘i. Nearby Hā‘upu Ridge and Mountain contain some of the oldest geologic formations. Look for the youngest volcanic cones, such as Pu‘uwananana, within view. Weathered volcanic material produced rich agricultural plains. — Map (db m12864) HM|
|Hawaii (Kauai County), Poipu — 7 — Sacred Fishing Grounds|
|The bay before you—named Keoneloa (or ‘the long sand’)—is the site of one of the oldest known Hawaiian occupation on Kaua‘i, a temporary fishing camp, dating to A.D. 220–660.
The Hawaiians divided each island into sections—called ahupua‘a—that stretched from the mountains to the sea. The wall to your left is a reconstructed remnants of Kaua‘i’s past: it marks the boundary between the ahupua‘a of Weliweli and Pa‘a. You are now standing in Weliweli. Keoneloa Bay is in Pa‘a. — Map (db m12807) HM|
|Hawaii (Kauai County), Poipu — 1 — Spouting Horn Park — Kōloa Heritage Trail — Ka Ala Hele Waiwai Ho‘olina o Kōloa — Preserving the Heritage of Po‘ipū & Kōloa|
|Spouting Horn Park was called puhi, or blowhole, by early Hawaiians. Legends tell of a huge mo‘o, or lizard, caught in this puhi, which was formed when waves eroded softer, underlying rocks and wore through the harder top rock. Water rushing into the hole is forced through the narrow opening and shoots skyward. — Map (db m12764) HM|
|Hawaii (Kauai County), Princeville — Russian Fort Alexander|
|You are now standing at what was – for a few months in 1816 and 1817 – the site of a Russian fort named for the Emperor Alexander. How a fort came to be built here, what became of it, and how this part of Kaua'i later got the name Princeville are recounted in the four panels of this display. The story begins below…
When reports of the 1778 – 1779 voyages among the Hawaiian Islands of the English Captain James cook reached the Russian Empire, they aroused . . . — Map (db m65811) HM|
|Hawaii (Kauai County), Wailua — Albert S. Morgan Sr.'s Lydgate Pools — Albert Smith Morgan Sr. — March 9, 1908 - May 22, 2001|
|In 1942, Albert S. Morgan, Sr. a native Hawaiian, married Helen Farias and raised five children. The family lived in the community of Wailua where Mr. Morgan served a term as president of the Wailua House Lots Community Association.
As the children grew outdoor recreation became increasingly important. Mrs. Morgan frequently took the children to Lydgate Park. There was no sheltered swimming area there, but they enjoyed the beach.
On a 1958 European trip Albert & Helen visited . . . — Map (db m40453) HM|
|Hawaii (Kauai County), Waimea — Captain Cook Monument|
| In January, 1778, two ships under the command of British navigator Captain James Cook sighted the northwest coast of O'ahu. The next day they cruised from Maha'ulepu to Waimea Bay on Kaua'i where they set anchor. Acquainted with the Tahitian language, the crew was able to converse with the native people. In all, they spent two weeks on Kaua'i and one week on Ni'ihau provisioning their ships for their journey north. The British explorers were amazed at finding the Polynesian race on these . . . — Map (db m65777) HM|
|Hawaii (Kauai County), Waimea — Menehune Ditch — Historical Landmark - Territory of Hawaii|
|The row of hewn stone along the inner side of the road is a remnant of one wall of a water-course which is said to have been made by the MENEHUNES (Hawaiian dwarves or Brownies)
The stones were brought from Mokihana
There is an old saying: "Uwa ka menehune ma kanalloahuluhulu (Kaui)puoho ka manu kawainui (Oahu)
The shout of the Menehunes at kanalloahuluhulu (Kauai) startle the birds of kawainui (Oahu)."
Tablet erected 1928
By Superintendent of Public Works — Map (db m27646) HM|
|Hawaii (Kauai County), Waimea — Russian Fort Elizabeth — 1815 - 1864|
Fort Elizabeth was one of three Russian Forts partially built between 1815 and 1817 on the island of Kauai. Fort Alexander and Fort Barclay were built near the mouths of the Hanalei River on the north shore of Kauai while Fort Elizabeth was built about 35 miles away, on the opposite side of the island, at the mouth of the Waimea River. These sites were selected for their safe anchorage in the bays and the commanding viewpoints from their location on the bluffs along the . . . — Map (db m65778) HM|
|Hawaii (Maui County), Hana — Haleakala National Park — Kipahulu: Costal District|
|The landscape of Haleakala National Park rises from a lush valley beneath a waterfall at sea level to a red desert of cinder cones here at the volcanic summit of Haleakala. An astounding array of climates and life zones lies in between. Yet the park’s many contrasting worlds are vitally linked. Rain that falls on the volcano’s slopes and carves its valleys nourishes a multitude of life forms.
In Hawaii coastal areas like Kipahulu are called kahakai. Islanders migrating from Polynesia . . . — Map (db m62199) HM|
|Hawaii (Maui County), Kipahulu — Palapala Hoomau Congregational Church|
|Kipahulu-Founded 1864-We welcome visitors to this historic, missionary church in Kipahulu. Out of respect for church members, relatives & descendants of those buried in the graveyard, we ask that you treat this religious site with reverence & care. — Map (db m71842) HM|
|Hawaii (Maui County), Kula — Haleakala National Park — Summit District|
|The landscape of Haleakala National Park rises from a lush valley beneath a waterfall at sea level to a red desert of cinder cones here at the volcanic summit of Haleakala. An astounding array of climates and life zones lies in between. Yet the park’s many contrasting worlds are vitally linked. Rain that falls on the volcano’s slopes and carves its valleys nourishes a multitude of life forms.
You are now in kua mauna, the land above the clouds, where people never dwelled for long. Ka po’e . . . — Map (db m71753) HM|
|Hawaii (Maui County), Kula — Hawaiian Goose or Nene (Nay-Nay — Haleakala National Park|
|The Nene is a native Hawaiian Goose that lives in the wild on the islands of Hawaii and Maui. This rare State bird is believed to have descended from the Canada Goose, and isolated on these islands for thousands of years, it has evolved into a distinct species. The reduced webbing of the foot and the ruffle-feathered neck are characteristic of this bird. Living in patches of meadow bounded by lava, the Nene thrives on a diet of berries and grasses.
By the mid 1940’s, when Hawaii’s wild . . . — Map (db m71754) HM|
|Hawaii (Maui County), Kula — Holy Ghost Catholic Church|
|Holy Ghost Catholic Church has been placed on the National Register of Historic Places by the United States Department of the Interior — Map (db m71770) HM|
|Hawaii (Maui County), Kula — Pa Ka'oao White Hill Trail — Haleakala National Park|
|The trail climbs to the top of a volcanic cinder cone for views of the Haleakala Wilderness Area and the highest peaks of the Big Island. At first glance the trail environment seems nothing but barren rock. Yet these rocks are living habitat for nesting “ua’u, ahinahina (silversword), and a dramatic mini-world of wolf spiders, flightless moths, and yellow-faced bees. Although the summit can appear hostile to people, temporary shelters, visible on the rock slopes below the trail, testify . . . — Map (db m71765) HM|
|Hawaii (Maui County), Kula — Ranch Wall — Haleakala National Park|
|This ranch wall stacked stone by stone in the late 1800s, represents an investment in the land. Stretching for two miles, it guided cattle through the harsh landscape of Haleakala to pasture lands on the east and west sides of Maui. The ranching era shaped the economy and communities of Maui, which value rugged independence, self reliance, and sustainability. The paniolo (cowboy) culture still lives today on the slopes of Haleakala in neighboring ranches and communities.
Cattle also had a . . . — Map (db m71762) HM|
|Hawaii (Maui County), Kula — Wind, Wave and Wings-Oodemas maulense- — Haleakala National Park|
|The Hawaiian Islands are very isolated. Colonizing species arrived, against overwhelming odds, by wind, waves, or wings as a small group or flock, or even just a single individual. A species survival depended upon ability to find suitable food and habitat to sustain life and allow reproduction. Once here the colonizers were isolated from all other individuals of their species. In this isolation, the new arrivals adapted to diverse habitats and ultimately evolved into new species.
From a . . . — Map (db m71756) HM|
|Hawaii (Maui County), Lahaina — Scandinavian Migration to Hawaii|
|This monument commemorates the arrival of the Norwegian barque Beta which dropped anchor near this spot on February 18, 1881, and of her sister ship Musca, which arrived in Honolulu May 13, 1881. They brought more than six hundred Norwegians, Swedes and Danes to work in the sugar cane fields and mills of the Hawaiian Kingdom - the first and only mass migration of Scandinavians to these islands for their contribution to the life of the island, as well as those of their countrymen . . . — Map (db m73188) HM|
|Hawaii (Maui County), Wailuku — Haleki'i and Pihanakalani Heiaus — State Historical Site|
|A heiau is a Hawaiian religious structure which centralized the ceremonies and rituals of old Hawaii. The construction of a heiau was directed by the highest chiefs or alii and required a great expenditure of organized labor. The ceremonies and offerings at heiau were overseen by priests or kahunas.
Halekii translates to “house of images.” It is believed that Halekii heiau was a chiefly complex with images of ki’i placed on the terraces. Kahekili, chief of Maui, lived and . . . — Map (db m71864) HM|
|Hawaii (Maui County), Wailuku — Kūka‘emoku — [ʻĪao Valley]|
| Commonly called ʻĪao Needle, the traditional Hawaiian name for this 2,250 foot high peak is Kūka‘emoku. This peak is known as the phallic stone of Kanaloa, Hawaiian god of the ocean.
During periods of warfare, the peak was used by warriors. It was here that some of the Maui warriors retreated from the forces of Kamehamea I during the Battle of Kepaniwai.
Kūka‘emoku is an erosional remnant. It is at the end of a ridge comprised of a denser dike stone. The softer . . . — Map (db m31540) HM|
|Hawaii (Maui County), Wailuku — Master Navigators — Maui Ocean Center|
| Navigators! Visually, the open ocean is a featureless environment. This makes it difficult to use sight for navigation. Hammerhead sharks can travel vast distances across the ocean by detecting electromagnetic fields around the Earth. Electromagnetic fields are produced as a result of differences in polarity between the north and south poles. — Map (db m71861) HM|
|Hawaii (Maui County), Wailuku — Monument of Christian Faith|
|In the distant future, when our descendants ask, tell them here lies the first altar made by Korean American Christians.
Today, when more than three thousand Korean churches in America, along with their members ask, tell them you all are Diasporas as a result of 100 years of prayers and devotion.
When someone ask what we must do from now on, tell them to uphold and carry on the vision of world mission.
This monument of Christian faith was built to commemorate the occasion of . . . — Map (db m73191) HM|