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MARKER DATABASE
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
 
 

Hawaii Historical Markers

 
Captain James Cook Marker image, Click for more information
By Cosmos Mariner, April 22, 1998
Captain James Cook Marker
Hawaii (Hawaii County), Captain Cook — In Memory of Captain James Cook, R.N.
Marker panel on obelisk (1874): In Memory of the great circumnavigator Captain James Cook, R.N. who discovered these islands on the 18th of January, 1770 and fell near this spot on the 14th of February, 1779. . . . — Map (db m72497) HM
Hawaii (Hawaii County), Honaunau — Pu‘uhona O Hōnaunau - Place of Refuge
This ancient Hawaii Sanctuary (Puuhonua) was preserved through the foresight of Charles R. Bishop who added it to the Bishop Estate. With the cooperation of the State of Hawaii, the trustees of the Bernice Pauahi Bishop Estate have dedicated it to . . . — Map (db m2981) HM
Hawaii (Hawaii County), Kailua Kona — Honokohau Settlement
Honokohau Settlement has been designated a Registered National Historic Landmark under the provisions of the Historic Sites Act of August 21, 1935. This site possesses exceptional value in commemorating and illustrating the history of the United . . . — Map (db m4248) HM
Hawaii (Hawaii County), Kailua Kona — Hulihe‘e Palace
Hulihe‘e Palace was built in 1838 by Governor John Adams Kuakini, a companion of Kamehahena I and one of the first Chiefs to take up western ways. Built of coral lava rock and a native woods, it was handsomely furnished. Hulihe'e became . . . — Map (db m302) HM
Hawaii (Hawaii County), Kailua Kona — Hulihe‘e Palace / Moku‘aikaua Church
Hulihe‘e Palace Construction of Hulihe‘e Palace was completed in 1838. Hulihe‘e was the gracious residence of Governor John Adams Kuakini and a favorite retreat for Hawai‘i’s royal families. Kuakini oversaw the construction of both . . . — Map (db m39424) HM
Hawaii (Hawaii County), Kailua Kona — The First Hawaiian Christian
The first Hawaiian Christian, Henry Opukahaia, died at Cornwall, Conn. 1818 The first Christian missionaries to Hawaii, Bingham, Thurston, Whitney, landed at Kailua, April 12, 1820 with their Hawaiian comrades Hopu, . . . — Map (db m39440) HM
Hawaii (Hawaii County), Kailua-Kona — A Sanctuary for Humpback WhalesHawaiian Islands Humpback Whale National Marine Sanctuary — Kaloko-Honokohau National Historical Park
The sanctuary lies within the shallow, warm waters surrounding the main Hawaiian Islands and is one of the world’s most important humpback whale habitats. Most of the North Pacific humpback whale population migrates nearly 3,000 miles to Hawaiian . . . — Map (db m72000) HM
Hawaii (Hawaii County), Kailua-Kona — Ala Mauka MakaiMountain-Ocean Trail — Kaloko-Honokohau National Historical Park
This trail cuts across Kaloko-Honokohau National Historical Park, passing sites that represent many of the values for which this park was created, such as a malama ka aina, caring for the land. This was a place where Hawaiian families lived, values . . . — Map (db m72001) HM
Hawaii (Hawaii County), Kailua-Kona — Discovering Kaloko-HonokohauKaloko-Honokohau National Historic Park
Kaloko-Honokohau National Historical Park celebrates the indigenous people of Hawaii. It penetrates deep into Hawaiian antiquity by preserving evidence of a thousand years of society. It links the touched with the heartfelt, transcending the . . . — Map (db m71999) HM
Hawaii (Hawaii County), Kawaihae — Pu'ukohola HeiauA Sacred Place Since Prehistoric Times
A heiau (temple) at Pu’ukohola was built long before Kamehameha started construction on the heiau that you see. This showed great vision and strategy on the part of the kahuna (priests). The heiau was physically very prominent and imposing on the . . . — Map (db m71886) HM
Hawaii (Hawaii County), Keauhou — Hale Mua
This archaeological site has been identified as a men's house associated with a person of chiefly rank who resided at the Lonoikamakahiki Residence. Hydration-Rind dating performed by the Bishop Museum indicated that the major portion of this site . . . — Map (db m39410) HM
Hawaii (Hawaii County), Keauhou — Inikiwai Ku'ula Heiau
This archaeological site is known as the Inikiwai Heiau. It is sometimes known as the Pahe'ehe'e Ku'ula. Hawaiian Fishermen built these shrines on promontories along the seashore or near ponds and streams. These shrines are a place for . . . — Map (db m39305) HM
Hawaii (Hawaii County), Keauhou — Keauhou - Kahalu'u Heritage Corridor
Moku (island districts) were traditionally subdivided into smaller land wedges called ahupua'a. Generally, these ahupua'a extend from the mountain to the sea and contain all the resources needed for sustainable living. . . . — Map (db m39438) HM
Hawaii (Hawaii County), Keauhou — Lonoikamakahiki Residence
This archaeological site is known as the Lonoikamakahiki Residence. It is believed that during different periods of time, four great Hawaiian kings lived at this site. These kings were Umi, Lonoikamakahiki, Kalaniopuu, and . . . — Map (db m39409) HM
Hawaii (Hawaii County), Laupahoehoe — Laupahoehoe Point
The Laupahoehoe we see now is very different from the Laupahoehoe of old. Laupahoehoe Point was a peaceful, Hawaian fishing village, untouched by missionaries and plantation life; the valley and the sea provided bountiful life. In the late 1800's . . . — Map (db m94338) HM
Hawaii (Hawaii County), Naalehu — 66000291 — South Point Complex
South Point Complex has been designated a Registered National Historic Landmark under the provisions of the Historical Sites act of August 21st 1935. This site possesses exceptional value in commemorating and illustrating the history of United . . . — Map (db m2314) HM
Hawaii (Hawaii County), Volcano — Countless are the Accomplishments of Roosevelt's Trusty "Tree Army"
The Civilian Conservation Corps (CCC), established by President Franklin Delano Roosevelt in 1933, was one of many "New Deal" Programs created towards economic recovery from the Great Depression. The goal of the CCC was to create Conservation Jobs . . . — Map (db m94340) HM
Hawaii (Hawaii County), Volcano — Site of Hawaiian Volcano Observatory
1912-1942 For nearly 30 years, America’s first full-time volcano observatory occupied this site. Under the direction of Dr. Thomas A. Jaggar, world renowned volcanologist, the expertise to monitor and study volcanoes was developed. In 1942, . . . — Map (db m2980) HM
Hawaii (Hawaii County), Volcano — The "Firepit" of Halema'uma'u
Halema'uma'u Crater is the site of the most eruptions at the summit of Kilauea Volcano. Between 1905 and 1924, a period of about 20 years, a dazzling lake of molten lava circulated within its walls. Then, in 1924, the lake drained away, allowing . . . — Map (db m26233) HM
Hawaii (Hawaii County), Waikoloa — Puakō Petroglyph Archaeological District
Man has always left his mark. Symbols in rock were left by many early civilizations. Te Puako Petroglyph site is one of the largest and finest concentrations of the mysterious symbols left in Hawai‘i. It is likely that many of these petroglyphs were . . . — Map (db m3029) HM
Hawaii (Hawaii County), Waikoloa Village — The Waikoloa Petroglyph Field
Before you lies one of the major concentrations of ancient rock carvings in the Hawaiian Islands. Boundaries were not crossed casually in old Hawaii, and the thousands of surface carvings here, just north of the border between the ancient kingdoms . . . — Map (db m4247) HM
Hawaii (Honolulu County), Honolulu — King Kamehameha IThomas Ridgeway Gould — Bronze, 1883
King Kamehameha I (c. 1758–1819) is generally recognized as the most important figure in Hawaiian history. He was a wise ruler who enacted laws to protect the defenseless and to bring order to the newly united kingdom. An astute statesman, he . . . — Map (db m13581) HM
Hawaii (Honolulu County), Honolulu — 40 MM Quad Gun AssemblyBowfin Park
This gun assembly consists of four recoil-operated, heavy machine guns, designed primarily for anti-aircraft fire. Each gun had a firing rate of 120 rounds per minute and fired a two lb. projectile. It had a maximum horizontal range of about 33,000 . . . — Map (db m81385) WM
Hawaii (Honolulu County), Honolulu — Afong Villa — Waikīkī Historic Trail
On this site stood the villa of Chun Afong, Hawai‘i’s first Chinese millionaire, who arrived in Honolulu in 1849. By 1855, he had made his fortune in retailing, real estate, sugar and rice, and for a long time held the government monopoly opium . . . — Map (db m49676) HM
Hawaii (Honolulu County), Honolulu — Aliiolani Hale — State of Hawaii Historic Marker
Originally designed as a palace, it was built by Kamehameha V to house the legislature, courts and cabinet offices of the Kingdom. He died not long after laying the cornerstone and the building was given his name Aliiolani. It was formally opened by . . . — Map (db m13569) HM
Hawaii (Honolulu County), Honolulu — Battle of Nu’uanu – Uniting the Islands
In the late 1700s, Kamehameha I from the island of Hawai’i, sought to unite all the Hawaiian islands under one rule. The battle for O’ahu began with the arrival of his forces at Waikiki in 1795. O’ahu had been defeated by Maui forces a decade . . . — Map (db m73557) HM
Hawaii (Honolulu County), Honolulu — Bombers Over Battleship RowUSS Arizona Memorial
The Japanese raided Pearl Harbor and other military targets on Oahu with carrier-launched aircraft which included fighters, horizontal bombers, torpedo planes, and dive bombers. The planes truck here in two waves, beginning at 7:55 a.m., with a 15 . . . — Map (db m71616) WM
Hawaii (Honolulu County), Honolulu — 16 — Duke Kahanamoku — Waikīkī Historic Trail
Olympic swimming champion Duke Kahanamoku (1890–1986) spent much of his youth here in Kālia with his mother’s family, the Paoas. The family owned most of the 20 acres which the Hilton Hawaiian Village now occupies. It is said that it was . . . — Map (db m13188) HM
Hawaii (Honolulu County), Honolulu — 5 — Duke Paoa KahanamokuAugust 24, 1890 - January 22, 1968
Raised in Waikiki, Duke was a full blooded Hawaiian, who symbolized Hawai'i to millions of people. He developed into an Olympic Champion and the world's fastest swimmer. Between 1912 and 1932 he won three gold medals, two silver and a bronze in four . . . — Map (db m73257) HM
Hawaii (Honolulu County), Honolulu — Father DamienThe Reverend Joseph Damien De Veuster, SS. CC. — Hawaii
Greater love has no man than this, that a man lay down his life for his friends. —John 15:13 Born a farmer’s son at Tremeloo, Belgium, January 3, 1840. Damien joined the Missionary Congregation of the Sacred Heart and was ordained a . . . — Map (db m13485) HM
Hawaii (Honolulu County), Honolulu — First Hawaiian PrintingJanuary 7, 1822
In a grass house near this site High Chief Keeaumoku pulled the first sheet in the presence of Elisha Loomis, Printer; the Reverend Hiram Bingham; and James Hunnewell, Mission benefactor. — Map (db m60945) HM
Hawaii (Honolulu County), Honolulu — Fleet Admiral Chester W. Nimitz, USN
He was aggressive in war without hate; he never forgot that he was dealing with human beings, on both sides of the conflict. (E.R. Potter, 1976) Born to Frederickburg, Texas in 1885, Chester W. Nimitz was accepted into the United States naval . . . — Map (db m73127) HM
Hawaii (Honolulu County), Honolulu — 20 — Fort DeRussy — Waikīkī Historic Trail
This green expanse in the middle of Waikīkī is Fort DeRussy, named in honor of Brigadier General Rene E. DeRussy, Corps of Engineers, who served with distinction in the American—British War of 1812. It was started in 1908 as vital . . . — Map (db m13219) HM
Hawaii (Honolulu County), Honolulu — HelumoaWaikiki Historic Trail
Surrounded by this open landscape, one can imagine the huge coconut grove known as Helumoa. Planted by Chief Kakuhihewa around the 15th century, the grove once had nearly 10,000 trees. Kahuamokomoki was an area nearby that served as a sporting . . . — Map (db m73416) HM
Hawaii (Honolulu County), Honolulu — Hiram Bingham
A Centennial Memorial of Hiram Bingham. Born in Bennington, Vt., Oct. 30, 1789. Died in New Haven, Ct., Nov. 11, 1869, Aged 80 Years. This slab is placed here in grateful remembrance of a pioneer Missionary by descendants of Hawaiians . . . — Map (db m13800) HM
Hawaii (Honolulu County), Honolulu — Iolani PalaceIolani Hale
'Iolani Palace is a living restoration of the offical royal residence for the Kalakaua Dynasty that ruled the Kingdom of Hawai'i from 1874 to 1893. King Kalakaua, who resigned for 17 years, built the palace in 1882 as a symbol of Hawaii's civilized . . . — Map (db m74148) HM
Hawaii (Honolulu County), Honolulu — Island of OahuAttack on Pearl Harbor
At dawn on 7 December 1941 more than half of the United States Pacific Fleet, approximately 150 vessels and service craft, lay at anchor on alongside piers in Pearl Harbor. All but one of the Pacific fleet’s battleships were in port that morning, . . . — Map (db m71610) WM
Hawaii (Honolulu County), Honolulu — Japanese Light TankHawaii Army Museum — Fort DeRussy
Operated by a crew of three protected by only 1/2 inch of armor and equipped with one 37mm gun and two 7.7mm machine guns. It was powered by a 6-cylinder, 110 H.P. air-cooled diesel engine with a range of 90-100 miles at speeds up to 30 MPH. — Map (db m82123) WM
Hawaii (Honolulu County), Honolulu — Japanese Type 1 (1941)Hawaii Army Museum — Fort DeRussy
A light-weight mobile piece used by independent antitank and armored units. Its 3 lb. shell could penetrate 3 inches of armor at 500 yards. — Map (db m82127) WM
Hawaii (Honolulu County), Honolulu — 17 — Kālia Bay — Waikīkī Historic Trail
Fish were easily netted from the ponds near Pi‘inaio Stream. In ancient times, the area was home to many Hawaiian families, who enjoyed the offerings in its bountiful waters. It was not unusual to see native men and women fishing, diving, . . . — Map (db m13127) HM
Hawaii (Honolulu County), Honolulu — Kaha ha ʻlo me nā Makani“The Hawk Soars with the Winds” — by sculptor, Kim Duffett
Envisioned on a grand scale, these three awe-inspiring figures in bronze are dancing hula kahiko, the ancient style of Hawaiian dance. The two female dancers, spirits of the wind, represent the dance and chant of Hawaiian hula. . . . — Map (db m71922) HM
Hawaii (Honolulu County), Honolulu — KaitenBowfin Park
One man Japanese suicide torpedo. First used in 1944. — Map (db m81381) WM
Hawaii (Honolulu County), Honolulu — 15 — Kãlia FishpondsDiamond Head from Waikiki Annex Pond — Waikiki Historic Trail
Had you walked across this road in 1897 you might have landed in Waikĩkĩ’s largest fishpond, the Ka’ihikapu, which measured 13 acres. All of today’s Fort DeRussy on the mauka (toward the mountain) side of the road was covered with . . . — Map (db m73113) HM
Hawaii (Honolulu County), Honolulu — Kawaiaha‘o Landmark
William Charles Lunalilo was the kingdom’s sixth monarch and proved to be very popular from the beginning of his reign. King Kamehameha V had preceded Lunalilo and had died without naming a successor. Therefore Lunalilo was appointed by the . . . — Map (db m13809) HM
Hawaii (Honolulu County), Honolulu — Kawaiaha'o Church(The Stone Church)
Built of gaint coral slabs, hewn from ocean reefs, this sanctuary became known as The Stone Church. This structure was preceded by a succession of four thatched grass buildings which served as houses of worship until ground was broken in 1837. . . . — Map (db m74145) HM
Hawaii (Honolulu County), Honolulu — Kawaiaha'o LandmarkThe water of Ha'o...
In the middle of an otherwise dry and barren plane, existed a sacred spring on these grounds, reserved for use by high chiefs and chiefesses only. Legend tells us that among the high ranking who enjoyed the privilege of bathing in the large circular . . . — Map (db m74144) HM
Hawaii (Honolulu County), Honolulu — 13 — Kawehewehe — Waikīkī Historic Trail
From olden times Waikīkī was viewed not only as a place of peace and hospitality, but of healing. There was great mana (spiritual power) in Waikīkī. Powerful kahuna la‘au lapa‘au (or physicians) lived here. Throughout the . . . — Map (db m13225) HM
Hawaii (Honolulu County), Honolulu — King William Charles LunaliloJan. 31, 1835 – Feb. 3, 1874
King Kamehameha V died on December 11, 1872, without naming a successor to the throne. Prince William Charles Lunalilo was the highest ranking Chief at that time. Instead of claiming his birthright to the throne, he wanted the people to choose their . . . — Map (db m13788) HM
Hawaii (Honolulu County), Honolulu — Kuroda Field
Named in honor of Staff Sergeant Robert T. Kuroda, 442nd Regimental Combat Team. On 20 October 1944, during the battle of Bruyeres, France, Sergeant Kuroda led his squad in an attack against a strongly defended enemy position. He deployed . . . — Map (db m13256) HM
Hawaii (Honolulu County), Honolulu — Lost Submarine MemorialUnited States Submarine Losses-Prior To and After World War II- — USS Bowfin Museum and Park
He goes a great voyage that goes to the bottom of the sea, George Herbert, Jacula Prudentum, 1651 Throughout the history of submarine development, men have fought enemies just as lethal as any human foe. Those who brave the deep in . . . — Map (db m81389) HM WM
Hawaii (Honolulu County), Honolulu — Mark 14 Steam-Driven TorpedoBowfin Park
This was the U.S. Navy's primary torpedo in WWII. When fired, compressed air, alcohol and water were mixed and ignited in the combustion chamber to produce the steam that powered the turbines. Weight-3,200 lbs.; Length-20.5 feet; Diameter-21 . . . — Map (db m81384) HM
Hawaii (Honolulu County), Honolulu — Mark 37 Electric TorpedoBowfin Park
This high-performance, submarine-launched weapon is considered to be the first successful torpedo developed for use against other submarines. The Mark 37 was designed to swim out of a 21-inch torpedo tube, to which it remained attached by a length . . . — Map (db m81388) HM
Hawaii (Honolulu County), Honolulu — Monarchy CannonHawaii Army Museum — Fort DeRussy
This cannon was one of a battery of twelve guns placed on punchbowl crater by the Hawaiian monarchy beginning in 1831. Both to defend Honolulu Harbor and to fire salutes. The U.S. Army moved the cannon to Bishop Museum in 1920, where it remained . . . — Map (db m82128) HM
Hawaii (Honolulu County), Honolulu — National Soaring Museum
An International Soaring Record was established here on December 18, 1931. William A. Cocke Jr. remained aloft in a glider called the Nighthawk for 21 hours 34 minutes. A new U.S. and World Endurance Record for motorless fight. Cocke’s . . . — Map (db m73556) HM
Hawaii (Honolulu County), Honolulu — Pali Road
Constructed in 1897 and opened for the public traffic in 1898. The road has an average grade of eight percent and is 8800 feet long. The original survey was made by John H. Wilson under supervision of William E. Rowell Superintendent of Public . . . — Map (db m73555) HM
Hawaii (Honolulu County), Honolulu — Pali Road – From Trail to Highway
In the early 1800s, you had two choices if you wanted to travel between Honolulu and Windward O’ahu. You could take a canoe trip around the southern end of the island or hike over the steep cliffs of the Ko’olau mountains. The pali (cliff) . . . — Map (db m73554) HM
Hawaii (Honolulu County), Honolulu — Pearl Harbor Panorama-NorthUSS Arizona Memorial
From this viewpoint along the eastern shore of Pearl Harbor you can see many features associated with the 1941 Japanese attack. The photo was taken in 1991, fifty years after the bombing. 1. Attack Signal-From the cockpit of his bomber over the . . . — Map (db m71620) WM
Hawaii (Honolulu County), Honolulu — Pearl Harbor Panorama-WestUSS Arizona Memorial
From this viewpoint along the eastern shore of Pearl Harbor you can see many features associated with the 1941 Japanese attack. The photo was taken in 1991, fifty years after the bombing. 1. Naval Station Signal Tower-From the top of this water . . . — Map (db m71619) WM
Hawaii (Honolulu County), Honolulu — 4 — Prince Jonah Kuhio Kalaniana’ole1871-1922
Prince Jonah Kuhio Kalaniana’ole, the son of High Chiefess Kekaulike Kinoiki II and High Chief David Kahalepouli Pi’ikoi, was born on March 26, 1871 at Ho’ai, Kaua’i. His mother died soon after his birth and he and his two older brothers were hanai . . . — Map (db m73117) HM
Hawaii (Honolulu County), Honolulu — Rainbow Mural
This Rainbow Mural, tallest in the world, 286 feet high, 26 feet wide, comprises 8,046 pieces of hand-painted ceramic tile created for the Hilton Tower by Millard Sheets. Dedicated by Conrad N. Hilton and Fritz B. Burns. November 8, 1968. — Map (db m19077) HM
Hawaii (Honolulu County), Honolulu — Rainbow Tower & Hilton Lagoon — Waikīkī Historic Trail
The legendary surfer Duke Kahanamoku often strolled the sands of Waikīkī Beach fronting what is now Hilton Hawaiian Village Beach Resort & Spa, 1959. In ancient times, the coastal plain where you now stand was known as Kālia. . . . — Map (db m13082) HM
Hawaii (Honolulu County), Honolulu — Reverend James KekelaKekela O Ka Lani
Born in 1824 at Mokuleia Oahu Educated by James Hunnewell at Lahainaluna First Hawaiian Christian Minister Ordained at Kahuku December 21 1849 In 1853 he went as a pioneer missionary to the Marquesas . . . — Map (db m74147) HM
Hawaii (Honolulu County), Honolulu — Sunday MorningUSS Arizona Memorial
December 7, 1941, at Pearl Harbor began routinely. Sailors and marines turned out for church services, morning colors, and chow. They looked forward to off-duty time for recreation, letter-writing, or sleep. It was Sunday in the peacetime Navy. . . . — Map (db m71617) WM
Hawaii (Honolulu County), Honolulu — 19 — The Ala Wai Canal — Waikīkī Historic Trail
Ala Wai (freshwater way) Canal was at the heart of the Waikīkī Reclamation Project launched in the early 1900s “to reclaim an unsanitary and most unsightly portion of the city.” The duck farms and the millions of mosquitoes . . . — Map (db m13196) HM
Hawaii (Honolulu County), Honolulu — 1 — The Beaches of WaikikiWaikiki Historic Trail
Princess Lili’uokalani enjoyed spending time with Robert Louis Stevenson on Waikiki in “earnest conversation”, Feb 3, 1889 This section of Waikikik Beach contains four distinct areas: Outrigger Canoe Club, San Souci, Kapi’olani Park . . . — Map (db m73122) HM
Hawaii (Honolulu County), Honolulu — 10 — The First Lady of Waikiki
The Moana Hotel opened on March 11, 1901 as Waikiki’s first hotel. Affectionately called “The First Lady of Waikiki,” this iconic resort embraces true Hawaiin hospitality. Walter Chamberlain Peacock, the original owner of the Moana . . . — Map (db m73114) HM
Hawaii (Honolulu County), Honolulu — The Honolulu Memorial at the National Memorial Cemetery of the Pacific
In these gardens are recorded the names of Americans who gave their lives in the Service of their Country and whose earthly resting place is known only to God *Indicates Medal Of Honor Award Map (db m4504) HM
Hawaii (Honolulu County), Honolulu — 6 — The Stones Of LifeNa Pohaku Ola Kapaemahu A Kapunt
Legend says these stones are the living legacy of four powerful Tahitian healers who once resided near this site at a place called Ulukon. From the court of the Tahitian chief, the names of the four were Kapaemahu, Kapuani, Kinohi, and Kahaloa. They . . . — Map (db m73116) HM
Hawaii (Honolulu County), Honolulu — The Story of Kālia — Waikīkī Historic Trail
Chief Ma‘likūkāhi, who reigned over the island of Oahu in the mid-1400s, resided in Waikīkī and used it as his seat of government. He was greatly loved by his subjects who enjoyed unprecedented peace and prosperity. Ali‘i . . . — Map (db m13200) HM
Hawaii (Honolulu County), Honolulu — This Sacred SiteWorld War II Valor in the Pacific National Monument
This memorial honors the fallen crew of USS Arizona and all those who died in the attack on December 7, 1941. The remains of over 900 Arizona crewman rest beneath you within the sunken battleship. Just ahead is an open area where you . . . — Map (db m73230) HM WM
Hawaii (Honolulu County), Honolulu — U.S. 105mm Howitzer M3Hawaii Army Museum — Fort DeRussy
With the emergence of airborne troops in 1941 came the need for an airborne howitzer. The M3 was created by shortening an existing 105mm howitzer barrel and mounting it on a modified 75mm carriage. The lightweight M3 proved to be an effective weapon . . . — Map (db m82125) WM
Hawaii (Honolulu County), Honolulu — U.S. Light Tank, M24Hawaii Army Museum — Fort DeRussy
Used for scouting and reconnaissance in the late days of WWII. It mounted a 75mm main gun and three machine guns behind 1" of armor. Two Cadillac V-8 engines drove the 19 ton tank and its crew of four at speeds up to 35 MPH. — Map (db m82124) WM
Hawaii (Honolulu County), Honolulu — U.S. Naval Base Pearl Harbor
U.S. Naval Base, Pearl Harbor has been designated a Registered National Historic Landmark Under the provisions of the Historic Sites Act of August 21, 1935 this site possesses exceptional value in commemorating and . . . — Map (db m4526) HM
Hawaii (Honolulu County), Honolulu — U.S. Prefabricated Pill BoxHawaii Army Museum — Fort DeRussy
In the months before Dec 7th, many of these steel pillboxes were planted to defend military installations, airfields, and likely landing beaches around Oahu. Once buried in position, the 2-man crew entered through culvert pipe openings at the base . . . — Map (db m82121) WM
Hawaii (Honolulu County), Honolulu — U.S.S. Arizona
At 0755, 7 December 1941, near this spot at Berth Fox 7 The USS Arizona was hit by one torpedo and approximately seven bombs. One bomb went down the stack and another penetrated the black powder magazines. The sunken ship remains the tomb . . . — Map (db m73902) HM WM
Hawaii (Honolulu County), Honolulu — U.S.S. Bowfin (SS287)USS Bowfin Submarine Museum and Park — Pearl Harbor Historic Sites
Step aboard and dive into submarine history onboard USS Bowfin (SS-287). A restored World War II submarine nick-named the "Pearl Harbor Avenger". Launched December 7, 1942, she made 9 successful war patrols in the Pacific, sinking 44 enemy ships. — Map (db m81377) HM
Hawaii (Honolulu County), Honolulu — USS Arizona Memorial
In reverent recognition of divine guidance and - to the eternal memory of those who gave their last full measure of devotion to their country this monument is dedicated - humbly to their sacrifice in defending our freedom. Erected by the . . . — Map (db m60157) HM
Hawaii (Honolulu County), Honolulu — USS Seawolf (SS-197)Bowfin Park — Pearl Harbor
LCDR A.M. Bontier, USN, Commanding Officer; Launched 15 August 1939; Lost at Sea, 3 October 1944. Beginning with her first patrol just hours after the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor, a daring submarine embarked on a career that made the name . . . — Map (db m81417) WM
Hawaii (Honolulu County), Honolulu — USS Swordfish (SS-193)Bowfin Park — Pearl Harbor
CDR K.E. Montross, USN, Commanding Officer; Launched 1 April 1939; Lost at sea, January 1945. Less than two weeks after the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor, Swordfish sank her first ship. So began the career of a submarine that not only sank . . . — Map (db m81419) HM WM
Hawaii (Honolulu County), Honolulu — USS Tang (SS-306)Bowfin Park — Pearl Harbor
CDR R.H. Kane, USN, Commanding Officer; Launched 17 August 1943; Lost at sea, 24 October 1944. The exploits of Tang are legendary in submarine history. Under the bold leadership of Commander Richard H. O’Kane, Tang executed five brilliant . . . — Map (db m81473) HM WM
Hawaii (Honolulu County), Honolulu — USS Utah Memorial
Near this spot, at Berth Fox 11 on the morning of 7 December 1941, the USS Utah was struck on the portside with what is believed to have been three aerial torpedoes and was sunk. She was subsequently rolled over to clear the channel but . . . — Map (db m60044) HM
Hawaii (Honolulu County), Honolulu — USS Utah Memorial
This memorial was officially authorized by the 91st Congress of the United States of America on 14 October 1970. Its construction was made possible by Congressional appropriation and by the generous contributions of many individuals and . . . — Map (db m60071) HM
Hawaii (Honolulu County), Honolulu — USS Utah MemorialWorld War II Valor in the Pacific National Monument
In the waters ahead lie the mostly submerged remains of USS Utah, a former battleship used for target and gunnery training. Two torpedoes struck the Utah as the Pearl Harbor attack began on December 7, 1941. The ship capsized, trapping . . . — Map (db m60161) HM
Hawaii (Honolulu County), Honolulu — USS Wahoo (SS-238)Bowfin Park — Pearl Harbor
CDR D.W. Morton, USN Commanding Officer; Launched 14 February 1942; Lost at sea 11 October 1943. If one submarine could be said to embody the spirit and pride of the U.S. Submarine Force, it would probably be Wahoo. Certainly the enemy . . . — Map (db m81474) WM
Hawaii (Honolulu County), Honolulu — USS West Virginia Memorial
At 0758, 7 December 1941, near this spot at Bert Fox 6 the USS West Virginia moored outboard the USS Tennessee was damaged and sunk by enemy bombs and torpedoes. As the West Virginia settled to the bottom she forced the Tennessee against the . . . — Map (db m60158) HM
Hawaii (Honolulu County), Honolulu — Victoria Kawekiu F Lunalilo Kalaninuiahilapalapu Ka’iulani Cleghorn1875-1899
Born to Chiefess Miriam Kapili Likelike (sister to King Kalākaua and Queen Lili’uokalani) and Governor Archibald Scott Cleghorn. She was the only child born to the last ruling dynasty of the Hawaiian Kingdom. Princess Ka’iulani and her . . . — Map (db m73229) HM
Hawaii (Honolulu County), Honolulu — 2 — WaikikiWaikiki Historic Trail
Waikiki means “spouting water” because it was a vast marshland fed by many streams. You are in fact standing on what was the mouth of an old stream, the Kuekaunahi. From ancient times Waikiki has been a popular surfing spot which is one . . . — Map (db m73119) HM
Hawaii (Honolulu County), Pearl Harbor — U. S. S. MissouriInstrument of Surrender, WWII
The instrument of surrender terminating the Second World War was signed on this ship, 2 September 1945 east longitude date while she lay at anchor in Tokyo Bay. The Allied representatives were • General of the Army Douglas MacArthur, The . . . — Map (db m49677) HM
Hawaii (Honolulu County), Wahiawa — Major General John M. SchofieldAddress to the U.S. Corps of Cadets-Aug 11, 1879 — Schofield Barracks
The discipline which makes the soldiers of a free country reliable in battle is not to be gained by harsh or tyrannical treatment-on the contrary-such treatment is far more likely to destroy than to make an army. It is possible to impart instruction . . . — Map (db m81310) HM
Hawaii (Honolulu County), Wahiawa — U.S. Medium TankM-4A3E8
In the spring of 1951, units of the 25th Infantry Division crossed the Han River to liberate the City of Seoul. One of the units that took part in this operation was C Company, 89th Tank Battalion. In preparation for their assault across the Han, . . . — Map (db m81311) HM WM
Hawaii (Honolulu County), Waikiki — “Brothers in Valor” MemorialFort DeRussy, Oahu, Hawaii
Honoring the World War II Veterans of the 100th Infantry Battalion (Separate), the 442nd Regimental Combat Team, the Military Intelligence Service, and the 1399th Engineer Construction Battalion. “Veterans who served in these units, . . . — Map (db m26939) HM
Hawaii (Honolulu County), Waikiki — King David Kalākaua1836–1891
(tablet on back of base) David Kalākaua was born on November 16, 1836. He succeeded to the throne on February 12, 1874, and ruled with his queen, Kapi‘olani. King Kalākaua was the catalyst for the revival and flowering of . . . — Map (db m13586) HM
Hawaii (Honolulu County), Waikiki — Mahiole(Helmet)
Ancient Hawaii was governed by a sharply defined caste system. The kings were the highest authority. Chiefs, or Alii, ruled over sections of the land at the pleasure of the kings. At times there was a king for each of the major islands in the . . . — Map (db m75626) HM
Hawaii (Honolulu County), Waimanalo — Wolphin Kekaimalu"Peaceful Sea" — Sea Life Park
A hybrid between a False Killer Whale & Atlantic Bottlenose Dolphin. Born May 15, 1985. She shows her whale heritage in her dark coloration, bodylength, width, and large teeth. Her profile is unique blend of both parents with a short, . . . — Map (db m82138) HM
Hawaii (Kauai County), Hanalei — Hanalei Schoolhouse
This 1926 Hanalei School classroom building was designed by architect John Waiamau. Scheduled for demolition in 1987, it was moved to the present site and adapted to a new retail use in 1989. The restored building is on the National Register of . . . — Map (db m27062) HM
Hawaii (Kauai County), Hanalei — Waioli Mission Hall
The Waioli Mission Hall was established by American Christian missionaries in 1834. A pole and thatch meeting house was constructed by Hawaiians on this site, in anticipation of the arrivals of the missionaries. The first meeting house was destroyed . . . — Map (db m9804) HM
Hawaii (Kauai County), Kapaa — Houola
Houola (dew of life) is the name passed down from ancient times for this place at the mouth of the Wailua River. Historical accounts suggest a pu'uhonua (place of refuge) was located here where one could escape punishment and find safety . . . — Map (db m65754) HM
Hawaii (Kauai County), Kapaa — Maunakapu and Wailua RiverWailua Heritage Trail — Preserving the culture and history of the Wailua River Valley
The mountain ridges of Maunakapu and Nounou divided the Wailua ahupua'a into two sections. Wailua Kai, traditionally referred to as, "Wailuanuiaho'ano," encompasses about 2800 acres of land seaward. Wailua Uka is comprised of more than 17,455 acres. . . . — Map (db m65795) HM
Hawaii (Kauai County), Kapaa — Poli'auh Heiau
Many generations ago, every stone was brought by hand up to this bluff from the rivers below to build this heiau (temple). A heiau was often remodeled by a new ruling ali'i (chief) and his kahuna (priest). Within . . . — Map (db m65809) HM
Hawaii (Kauai County), Kapaa — Roxy Theater1939-1992
Roxy Square stands on the lot where the largest movie theater in the islands was built by W.A. and Agnes Scharsch Fernandez in 1939. Designed by the well-known Honolulu architect C.W. Dickey, it was modeled after the famous Roxy Theater in New York . . . — Map (db m40423) HM
Hawaii (Kauai County), Kapaa — The Kapaa Japanese Stone Lantern (Ishidoro)Preserving the History of Kapaa’s Issei Generation
The 15-foot cast concrete lantern was constructed in 1915 by Kaua‘i’s first generation Japanese immigrants. As a tribute to their homeland, the lantern commemorates the 1912 coronation of Emperor Taisho. An inscription reads: “Great Japan . . . — Map (db m9786) HM
Hawaii (Kauai County), Kapaa — Wai'ale'aleWailua Heritage Trail — Preserving the culture and history of the Wailua River Valley
Steeped in Hawaiian oral traditions, Wai'ale'ale mountain represents the piko or navel of Kaua'i. Its peak, Kawaikini is the highest point on the island at 5,243 feet. Reputed as one of the world's wettest spots, it average 400 to 600 inches of . . . — Map (db m65794) HM
Hawaii (Kauai County), Kawaihae — Pu'ukohola Heiau National Historic Site
Welcome to Pu’ukohola Heiau, one of the most famous heiau (temples) in the Hawaiian Islands. This heiau is an integral component of the traditional Hawaiian social, political, and religious systems, and a significant place in the history of King . . . — Map (db m71874) HM
Hawaii (Kauai County), Kilauea — Daniel K. InouyeKilauea Point Lighthouse
May the glimmer of both this historic lighthouse, guiding ships to safe harbor, and the legacy of Senator Daniel K. Inouye, illuminating the voices of Hawaii citizens, always continue to serve as beacons of hope. 'Ike vision, Lawelawe . . . — Map (db m65776) HM
Hawaii (Kauai County), Koloa — 11 — Kōloa Jodo MissionKōloa Heritage Trail — Ka Ala Hele Waiwai Ho‘olina o Kōloa — Preserving the Heritage of Po‘ipū & Kōloa
Buddhist temples provided Japanese immigrants a place to worship, study their language, learn martial arts and participate in social events. This Jodo Mission used a specialist in temple architecture from Japan to build the large temple’s interior. . . . — Map (db m13007) HM
Hawaii (Kauai County), Koloa — 14 — Kōloa Missionary ChurchKōloa Heritage Trail — Ka Ala Hele Waiwai Ho‘olina o Kōloa — Preserving the Heritage of Po‘ipū & Kōloa
Kōloa Missionary Church sanctuary is part of a homestead once owned by Dr. James W. Smith, a medical missionary. In 1842, he began a practice of over 40 years, later becoming an ordained minister at The Church at Kōloa. His grandson, Dr. . . . — Map (db m13023) HM
Hawaii (Kauai County), Koloa — Koloa, Birthplace of the Hawaiian Sugar Industry — The Sugar Monument
The Beginning. Near this site, on September 12, 1835, William Hooper began clearing 12 acres of land to plant sugar cane. The land was part of 980 acres leased by Hooper’s employer, Ladd & Co. of Honolulu. The land was leased from King . . . — Map (db m18760) HM
Hawaii (Kauai County), Koloa — 13 — Yamamoto Store & Kōloa HotelKōloa Heritage Trail — Ka Ala Hele Waiwai Ho‘olina o Kōloa — Preserving the Heritage of Po‘ipū & Kōloa
Built at the turn of the 20th century, The Yamamoto Building functioned at various times as a plantation camp store and general store with service station. Behind it, the Kōloa Hotel offered rooms to traveling salesmen and actors. The o-furo, . . . — Map (db m13010) HM
Hawaii (Kauai County), Poipu — 3 — Hanaka‘ape Bay & Kōloa LandingKōloa Heritage Trail — Ka Ala Hele Waiwai Ho‘olina o Kōloa — Preserving the Heritage of Po‘ipū & Kōloa
In the mid 1800s, Kōloa Landing was the third largest whaling port in all of Hawai‘i and the only port of entry for foreign goods. The sugar industry increased its use until 1912, when better facilities became available. Up to 60 ships a year . . . — Map (db m12787) HM
Hawaii (Kauai County), Poipu — 10 — Hapa RoadKōloa Heritage Trail — Ka Ala Hele Waiwai Ho‘olina o Kōloa — Preserving the Heritage of Po‘ipū & Kōloa
Lava rock walls near Hapa Road signify Hawaiian habitation ca. 1200 A.D., while the road dates to the late 1880s. Nearby tracks once held trains hauling cane to Kōloa Plantation for milling. Hapa Road served as a supply and emergency evacuation . . . — Map (db m12866) HM
Hawaii (Kauai County), Poipu — 7 — Keoneloa BayKōloa Heritage Trail — Ka Ala Hele Waiwai Ho‘olina o Kōloa — Preserving the Heritage of Po‘ipū & Kōloa
Stone and coral tools found a Keoneloa Bay , or long sand, helped arcaeologists determine that early Hawaiians used the area between 200 and 600 A.D. as a temporary fishing camp. Later Hawaiians left remnants of heiau, or temples, and ahu, or . . . — Map (db m12806) HM
Hawaii (Kauai County), Poipu — 5 — Kihāhouna HeiauKōloa Heritage Trail — Ka Ala Hele Waiwai Ho‘olina o Kōloa — Preserving the Heritage of Po‘ipū & Kōloa
The walled heiau (temple) that once stood here was 130 feet by 90 feet; dedicated to Kāne, a major god of Hawai‘i, Hulokoki, a bird god, Kū-hai-moana and Ka-moho-ali‘i, two shark gods. Three hala-lihilihi-‘ula trees situated on the outside . . . — Map (db m12803) HM
Hawaii (Kauai County), Poipu — 8 — Makawehi & Pā‘ā DunesKōloa Heritage Trail — Ka Ala Hele Waiwai Ho‘olina o Kōloa — Preserving the Heritage of Po‘ipū & Kōloa
The eastern sand dunes of Makawehi, calm face, and Pā‘ā, hard rock, yield fossilized plant roots, bird bones, crab claws and other treasures. Prior to extensive wave erosion, this prominent limestone ridge extended across Keoneloa Bay. . . . — Map (db m12859) HM
Hawaii (Kauai County), Poipu — 4 — Pā‘ū a Laka (Moir Gardens)Kōloa Heritage Trail — Ka Ala Hele Waiwai Ho‘olina o Kōloa — Preserving the Heritage of Po‘ipū & Kōloa
What began as a hobby garden by the Kōloa Plantation manager’s wife became celebrated as one of the world’s best of its kind. Numerous cactus planted in the 1930s thrived in the arid, rocky soil here. Many escaped to surrounding areas to become . . . — Map (db m12797) HM
Hawaii (Kauai County), Poipu — 6 — Po‘ipū Beach ParkKōloa Heritage Trail — Ka Ala Hele Waiwai Ho‘olina o Kōloa — Preserving the Heritage of Po‘ipū & Kōloa
Abundant, easy-to-view marine life in calm waters is a major attraction at Po‘ipū Beach. The endangered native Hawaiian Monk seal and threatened Green sea turtle are frequent visitors. From November through May, the endangered Humpback whale . . . — Map (db m12805) HM
Hawaii (Kauai County), Poipu — 2 — Prince Kūhiō Birthplace & ParkKōloa Heritage Trail — Ka Ala Hele Waiwai Ho‘olina o Kōloa — Preserving the Heritage of Po‘ipū & Kōloa
Prince Jonah Kūhiō Kalaniana‘ole was born in a grass hut near this spot to Princess Kinoike Kekaulike and High Chief David Kahalepouli Pi‘ikoi. He became a delagate to U.S. Congress after Hawai‘i became a Territory in 1900, serving for 19 . . . — Map (db m12778) HM
Hawaii (Kauai County), Poipu — 9 — Pu‘uwanawana Volcanic ConeKōloa Heritage Trail — Ka Ala Hele Waiwai Ho‘olina o Kōloa — Preserving the Heritage of Po‘ipū & Kōloa
More than 5 million years ago, a hotspot in the earth spewed lava upward to form the volcanic mountain island of Kaua‘i. Nearby Hā‘upu Ridge and Mountain contain some of the oldest geologic formations. Look for the youngest volcanic cones, such . . . — Map (db m12864) HM
Hawaii (Kauai County), Poipu — 7 — Sacred Fishing Grounds
The bay before you—named Keoneloa (or ‘the long sand’)—is the site of one of the oldest known Hawaiian occupation on Kaua‘i, a temporary fishing camp, dating to A.D. 220–660. The Hawaiians divided each island into . . . — Map (db m12807) HM
Hawaii (Kauai County), Poipu — 1 — Spouting Horn ParkKōloa Heritage Trail — Ka Ala Hele Waiwai Ho‘olina o Kōloa — Preserving the Heritage of Po‘ipū & Kōloa
Spouting Horn Park was called puhi, or blowhole, by early Hawaiians. Legends tell of a huge mo‘o, or lizard, caught in this puhi, which was formed when waves eroded softer, underlying rocks and wore through the harder top rock. Water rushing into . . . — Map (db m12764) HM
Hawaii (Kauai County), Princeville — Russian Fort Alexander
You are now standing at what was – for a few months in 1816 and 1817 – the site of a Russian fort named for the Emperor Alexander. How a fort came to be built here, what became of it, and how this part of Kaua'i later got the name . . . — Map (db m65811) HM
Hawaii (Kauai County), Wailua — Albert S. Morgan Sr.'s Lydgate PoolsAlbert Smith Morgan Sr. — March 9, 1908 - May 22, 2001
In 1942, Albert S. Morgan, Sr. a native Hawaiian, married Helen Farias and raised five children. The family lived in the community of Wailua where Mr. Morgan served a term as president of the Wailua House Lots Community Association. As the . . . — Map (db m40453) HM
Hawaii (Kauai County), Waimea — Captain Cook Monument
In January, 1778, two ships under the command of British navigator Captain James Cook sighted the northwest coast of O'ahu. The next day they cruised from Maha'ulepu to Waimea Bay on Kaua'i where they set anchor. Acquainted with the Tahitian . . . — Map (db m65777) HM
Hawaii (Kauai County), Waimea — Menehune DitchHistorical Landmark - Territory of Hawaii
The row of hewn stone along the inner side of the road is a remnant of one wall of a water-course which is said to have been made by the MENEHUNES (Hawaiian dwarves or Brownies) The stones were brought from Mokihana There is an old saying: . . . — Map (db m27646) HM
Hawaii (Kauai County), Waimea — Russian Fort Elizabeth1815 - 1864
Fort History Fort Elizabeth was one of three Russian Forts partially built between 1815 and 1817 on the island of Kauai. Fort Alexander and Fort Barclay were built near the mouths of the Hanalei River on the north shore of Kauai while Fort . . . — Map (db m65778) HM
Hawaii (Maui County), Hana — Haleakala National ParkKipahulu: Costal District
The landscape of Haleakala National Park rises from a lush valley beneath a waterfall at sea level to a red desert of cinder cones here at the volcanic summit of Haleakala. An astounding array of climates and life zones lies in between. Yet the . . . — Map (db m62199) HM
Hawaii (Maui County), Kipahulu — Palapala Hoomau Congregational Church
Kipahulu-Founded 1864-We welcome visitors to this historic, missionary church in Kipahulu. Out of respect for church members, relatives & descendants of those buried in the graveyard, we ask that you treat this religious site with reverence & care. — Map (db m71842) HM
Hawaii (Maui County), Kula — Haleakala National ParkSummit District
The landscape of Haleakala National Park rises from a lush valley beneath a waterfall at sea level to a red desert of cinder cones here at the volcanic summit of Haleakala. An astounding array of climates and life zones lies in between. Yet the . . . — Map (db m71753) HM
Hawaii (Maui County), Kula — Hawaiian Goose or Nene (Nay-NayHaleakala National Park
The Nene is a native Hawaiian Goose that lives in the wild on the islands of Hawaii and Maui. This rare State bird is believed to have descended from the Canada Goose, and isolated on these islands for thousands of years, it has evolved into a . . . — Map (db m71754) HM
Hawaii (Maui County), Kula — Holy Ghost Catholic Church
Holy Ghost Catholic Church has been placed on the National Register of Historic Places by the United States Department of the Interior — Map (db m71770) HM
Hawaii (Maui County), Kula — Pa Ka'oao White Hill TrailHaleakala National Park
The trail climbs to the top of a volcanic cinder cone for views of the Haleakala Wilderness Area and the highest peaks of the Big Island. At first glance the trail environment seems nothing but barren rock. Yet these rocks are living habitat for . . . — Map (db m71765) HM
Hawaii (Maui County), Kula — Ranch WallHaleakala National Park
This ranch wall stacked stone by stone in the late 1800s, represents an investment in the land. Stretching for two miles, it guided cattle through the harsh landscape of Haleakala to pasture lands on the east and west sides of Maui. The ranching era . . . — Map (db m71762) HM
Hawaii (Maui County), Kula — Wind, Wave and Wings-Oodemas maulense-Haleakala National Park
The Hawaiian Islands are very isolated. Colonizing species arrived, against overwhelming odds, by wind, waves, or wings as a small group or flock, or even just a single individual. A species survival depended upon ability to find suitable food and . . . — Map (db m71756) HM
Hawaii (Maui County), Lahaina — Scandinavian Migration to Hawaii
This monument commemorates the arrival of the Norwegian barque Beta which dropped anchor near this spot on February 18, 1881, and of her sister ship Musca, which arrived in Honolulu May 13, 1881. They brought more than six hundred . . . — Map (db m73188) HM
Hawaii (Maui County), Wailuku — Haleki'i and Pihanakalani HeiausState Historical Site
A heiau is a Hawaiian religious structure which centralized the ceremonies and rituals of old Hawaii. The construction of a heiau was directed by the highest chiefs or alii and required a great expenditure of organized labor. The ceremonies and . . . — Map (db m71864) HM
Hawaii (Maui County), Wailuku — Kūka‘emoku — [ʻĪao Valley]
Commonly called ʻĪao Needle, the traditional Hawaiian name for this 2,250 foot high peak is Kūka‘emoku. This peak is known as the phallic stone of Kanaloa, Hawaiian god of the ocean. During periods of warfare, the peak was . . . — Map (db m31540) HM
Hawaii (Maui County), Wailuku — Master NavigatorsMaui Ocean Center
Navigators! Visually, the open ocean is a featureless environment. This makes it difficult to use sight for navigation. Hammerhead sharks can travel vast distances across the ocean by detecting electromagnetic fields around the Earth. . . . — Map (db m71861) HM
Hawaii (Maui County), Wailuku — Monument of Christian Faith
In the distant future, when our descendants ask, tell them here lies the first altar made by Korean American Christians. Today, when more than three thousand Korean churches in America, along with their members ask, tell them you all are . . . — Map (db m73191) HM

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