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“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
 
 

Idaho Historical Markers

Abraham Lincoln Marker and Statue image, Click for more information
By Rebecca Maxwell, June 23, 2010
Abraham Lincoln Marker and Statue
Idaho (Ada County), Boise — Abraham Lincoln
Gutzon Borglum, Sculptor of Mount Rushmore Born: St. Charles, Idaho 1867 Died: Chicago, Illinois 1941 Copy executed by Irene Deely of Boise, Idaho 2009 "I have tried to give to posterity, in a true, unstudied picture, a glimpse of possibly . . . — Map (db m32232) HM
Idaho (Ada County), Boise — 72 — Airmail Service
U.S. commercial airline service began with a Varney Airlines flight from Pasco to Boise which landed here on April 6, 1926. Army planes had delivered airmail before that time. After Varney Airlines was merged with newer companies to become United . . . — Map (db m22734) HM
Idaho (Ada County), Boise — 376 — Arrowrock Dam
Higher than any other dam from 1915 until 1934, Arrowrock Dam still is an essential part of Boise Valley's irrigation system. Located six miles upstream from here, Arrowrock is 350 feet high and 1,150 feet wide. Built at a cost of $4,725,000 to . . . — Map (db m22597) HM
Idaho (Ada County), Boise — 379 — Basque Country
Idaho has a large Basque community that preserves it's ancient European traditions in a new land of opportunity. Coming here originally to herd sheep on mountain and desert ranges, they shifted into other occupations as quickly as possible, making . . . — Map (db m31680) HM
Idaho (Ada County), Boise — 359 — Beaver Dick's Ferry
In 1863 and 1864, overland packers hauling supplies from Salt Lake City to Idaho City crossed here and took a direct route northward to More's Creek. They cut a steep grade from the Oregon Trail down to Beaver Dick's Ferry, which served a . . . — Map (db m22641) HM
Idaho (Ada County), Boise — 402 — Boise State University
Expanding from a two-year community college (1932-1965) to a campus with a graduate program, Boise State was designated as a university in 1974. Originating as an Episcopalian academy founded in 1892, this institution was located a mile north of . . . — Map (db m22735) HM
Idaho (Ada County), Boise — Bonneville Point
From this old Indian trail later known as the Old Oregon Trail Captain B,L,E, Bonnevilles partner on first sighting the river May 1833 exclaimed - Les Bois Les Bois Voyes Les Bois meaning The Woods The Woods See The Woods Capt Bonneville . . . — Map (db m71837) HM
Idaho (Ada County), Boise — Captain Bonneville
Bonneville Point According to tradition, a hunting party led by the explorer Captain Benjamin Bonneville reached this promontory in 1833. They saw the lush river valley below and exclaimed in French, “Les bois; les bois; vouyez . . . — Map (db m71835) HM
Idaho (Ada County), Boise — 343 — Diversion Dam
Diversion Dam was completed in 1909 to lift water into an already constructed New York canal system, greatly expanding its irrigated farmlands. After a quarter century of failure to dig a large canal above Diversion Dam, United States Reclamation . . . — Map (db m22586) HM
Idaho (Ada County), Boise — Idaho State PenitentiaryFounded 1868
New addition built 1893 Prison Commissioners William J. McConnell, Gov. Jas. F. Curtis, Sec. of State Geo.M. Parsons, Atty. Gen. Jas. King, Arch’t. — Map (db m63000) HM
Idaho (Ada County), Boise — 318 — More's Creek
More's Creek is named for J. Marion More, leader of the party of miners who founded Idaho City, October 7, 1862. Like most of Idaho's early miners, he came originally from the South. Unlike most of them, he struck it rich. During the Idaho gold . . . — Map (db m22595) HM
Idaho (Ada County), Boise — 375 — Oregon Trail
Indians, trappers, and emigrants who came this way before 1900 used a more direct route to get between Boise and Glenns Ferry. Their road still can be seen at Bonneville Point 5 miles from here. Following close to a line of hills bordering a . . . — Map (db m22181) HM
Idaho (Ada County), Boise — Sacajawea and Pomp
Sacajawea and Pomp Sacajawea was a Lemhi Shoshoni Indian born near Salmon, Idaho around 1790. She was the only Idaho native, and the only female, to be a member of the famed Lewis and Clark "Corps of Discovery" expedition that opened up the . . . — Map (db m73205) HM
Idaho (Ada County), Boise — The Fur Trade and the Tide of Emigration
Hunt’s party laid the groundwork for future trapping expeditions across the Snake River Plain. Donald Mackenzie, who accompanies Hunt and later joined the British North West Company, returned to establish trade relations with resident Indian bands. . . . — Map (db m71834) HM
Idaho (Ada County), Boise — The Hunt Expedition
Beaver pelts lured the first Euro-Americans deep into the American West. In 1810, only four years after Lewis and Clark completed their epic journey, John Jacob Astor established the Pacific Fur Company. He soon financed sea and land expeditions to . . . — Map (db m71832) HM
Idaho (Ada County), Boise — 151 — The Oregon Trail
The Oregon Trail is still clearly visible coming off the rimrock across the river. Here the west bound emigrants after 1840 came gratefully down into this green valley. The first cart passed here with Spalding and Whitman, pioneer missionaries, . . . — Map (db m22639) HM
Idaho (Ada County), Boise — The Shoshone and Northern PaiuteEchoes of an Ancient Homeland
The landscape before you is part of the homeland of the Shoshone, Bannock, and Northern Paiute Indians. They occupied these lands for countless generations before the arrival of Euro-Americans. Living in small bands of several families, their lives . . . — Map (db m71830) HM
Idaho (Ada County), Meridian — 193 — Initial Point
All Idaho land surveys refer to a beginning point --"Initial Point"-- 16 miles directly south of here. When he began surveying Idaho in 1867, Lafayette Cartee, first surveyor general of Idaho Territory, established the initial point on a . . . — Map (db m53439) HM
Idaho (Adams County), Council — 420 — Old Railroads
An ambitious railroad project to a high Seven Devils copper mine (elevation 6800 ft.) created a lot of excitement here in 1898-1899. This would have been Idaho's highest mountain railroad if funding had been available to complete it. Construction . . . — Map (db m23226) HM
Idaho (Adams County), Meadows — 183 — Packer John's Cabin
John Welch -- always known as Packer John -- hauled supplies from Lewiston to Idaho City during a major Boise Basin gold rush of 1863-1864. He built a cabin (1/4 mile north of here) that immediately became an historic Idaho landmark. Territorial . . . — Map (db m37957) HM
Idaho (Adams County), Mesa — 374 — Mesa Orchards
For more than half a century, after 1910, an apple orchard of nearly 1400 acres, thought to be the largest in the United States under one management, covered this area. Investors, mostly from the eastern U.S., bought 10-acre shares to finance the . . . — Map (db m23222) HM
Idaho (Bannock County), Downey — 119 — Captain Jefferson Hunt, Soldier, Pioneer, ChurchmanBorn January 20, 1804 in Kentucky - Died May 11, 1879 in Idaho
Charles Jefferson Hunt served in the Mormon Battalion as Captain of Company “A” and as assistant executive officer. In it’s historic march from Council Bluffs, Iowa to San Diego, California, 1846 - 47. His service won the commendation of . . . — Map (db m48986) HM
Idaho (Bear Lake County), Montpelier — 9 — A Look at Memory Lane
The pictures below reflect first views of the downtown entering Montpelier from the west in different times in history. Brennan-Davis Building The building was built for Edward Burgoyne by Jacob Tueller and Sons prior to 1899. The . . . — Map (db m90920) HM
Idaho (Bear Lake County), Montpelier — 8 — A Strong Building, Stock Chevys and RailroadMontpelier Historic Downtown Walking Tour
Strong Building and Stock Chevrolet This red brick building, note the brickwork circles, was built for Lish Strong by the Tueller brothers of Paris, Idaho. It became known as the Strong Building. Part of the upper level was also used for . . . — Map (db m90911) HM
Idaho (Bear Lake County), Montpelier — 446 — Bank Robbers
On Aug. 13, 1896, Butch Cassidy and his infamous Wild Bunch of gunmen invaded Montpelier's bank and scooped up more than $16,500 in gold, silver and currency. Leaving a surprised cashier and his terrified customers, they calmly rode away. A . . . — Map (db m90806) HM
Idaho (Bear Lake County), Montpelier — 335 — Big Hill
On their way west to Oregon and California, emigrant wagons often crossed high ridges in order to avoid gullies and canyons. When he came here in 1843, Theodore Talbot noted that he "had to cross a very high hill, which is said to be the . . . — Map (db m90807) HM
Idaho (Bear Lake County), Montpelier — Big Hill
"... the greatest impediment on the whole route from the United States to Fort Hall." - Theodore Talbot, 1843 Near the Wyoming/Idaho border the pioneers face Big Hill, on of the most challenging obstacles of their journey. The dusty . . . — Map (db m90854) HM
Idaho (Bear Lake County), Montpelier — Big Hill...
"the steepest and longest ascent we have made on the route..." - James Wilkins Looking east across the fields is Big Hill, one of the most difficult obstacles along the 2,000-mile Oregon/California Trail. The trail crosses the Thomas . . . — Map (db m90851) HM
Idaho (Bear Lake County), Montpelier — 5 — Butch Cassidy Robs the Montpelier BankMontpelier Historic Downtown Walking Tour
On the hot afternoon of August 23, 1896, Butch Cassidy with two members of his Wild Bunch Gang, Elza Lay and Bob Meeks, robbed The Bank of Montpelier which was originally located in the building across the street from this sign. The Bank of . . . — Map (db m90877) HM
Idaho (Bear Lake County), Montpelier — 7 — Cleaners, Hospital, Plumbers and a Big BearMontpelier Historic Downtown Walking Tour
Schmid Building Carl (Charles) Schmid, a tailor from Freienstein, Switzerland opened a tailor shop in Montpelier in 1892. He named his business Chas Schmid, The Tailor. He made men's suits and coats and did repairs, alterations and dry . . . — Map (db m90910) HM
Idaho (Bear Lake County), Montpelier — 1 — Downtown Montpelier Historic Walking Tour
Welcome to the Historic Downtown Montpelier Business District on Washington Street! Take a few minutes to enjoy a walking tour filled with interesting information about this area and its place in history. Also, spend a few minutes visiting . . . — Map (db m90878) HM
Idaho (Bear Lake County), Montpelier — Hot, Cold, Dry, Wet, Dusty, 2,000-Mile Trail
Beginning in Independence, Missouri, the Oregon/California Trail passes through present-day Missouri, Kansas, Wyoming, and Idaho. it ends in Oregon, California or Utah - depending on the destination of the pioneers. While the . . . — Map (db m90876) HM
Idaho (Bear Lake County), Montpelier — Idaho's Emigrant Trails
Westward-bound emigrants entered Idaho after crossing Thomas Fork Valley. They soon encountered the climb and descent of Big Hill, witnessed nature's curiosities at Soda Springs, and discovered willing traders at Fort Hall. In 1843 wagons first . . . — Map (db m90852) HM
Idaho (Bear Lake County), Montpelier — 456 — McAuley's Road
Coming west with Ezra Meeker in 1852, Thomas McAuley decided to build a road to let emigrants bypass Big Hill. Worst of all Oregon Trail descents, Big Hill needed replacement. Eliza McAuley reported that her brother Tom "fished awhile, . . . — Map (db m90808) HM
Idaho (Bear Lake County), Montpelier — 6 — Model T's, Odd Fellows and the NewsMontpelier Historic Downtown Walking Tour
Early sheriff and mayor Fred Cruikshank owned the first Model T Ford Agency in 1909. Bear Lake Motors Early sheriff and mayor Fred Locke Cruikshank was the owner of the first Model T Ford Agency in 1909 and closed it down in . . . — Map (db m90908) HM
Idaho (Bear Lake County), Montpelier — News Examiner
This building presently occupied by the News Examiner was built early in the 1900's by the Whitman family. It was used as a dry goods store until it was sold to the Robinsons in 1942 for use as a newspaper building. Among the features of the . . . — Map (db m90922) HM
Idaho (Bear Lake County), Montpelier — One Continual Stream
"One continual stream of honest looking open harted people going west" - James Cayman, mountain man, captured this sentiment in his diary as he watched pioneers heading west in 1846. Between 1841 and 1869 nearly 300,000 farmers, . . . — Map (db m90853) HM
Idaho (Bear Lake County), Montpelier — 4 — Rich Building and TheatreMontpelier Historic Downtown Walking Tour
Early Montpelier was well known for its pine trees placed down the center of Washington Street. As U.S. Highway 89 became more popular to the traveling public, the trees were finally cut down amid much discussion throughout the town. Rich . . . — Map (db m90907) HM
Idaho (Bear Lake County), Montpelier — 3 — Ritter Bros. Drug and the Roxy TheatreMontpelier Historic Downtown Walking Tour
The streetscape of Montpelier has changed through the years. The early years of this Oregon Trail town began with only horse power including wagons and horseback. Streets were packed dirt with hitching posts. With the advent of the horseless . . . — Map (db m90880) HM
Idaho (Bear Lake County), Montpelier — Second Bank of Montpelier
Grove C. Gray built a brick building in 1907 to house the second bank of Montpelier. On June 25, 1910, two men attempted to rob this bank by dynamiting the vault. While attempting to dynamite the vault, they jostled a loaded pistol that was on top . . . — Map (db m90909) HM
Idaho (Bear Lake County), Montpelier — 159 — Smith's Trading Post
In 1848, Pegleg Smith established a trading post on the Oregon Trail at Big Timber somewhere near here on the river. Some travelers called it "Fort Smith", though it had only four log cabins and some Indian lodges. Packing a plow and tools . . . — Map (db m90805) HM
Idaho (Bear Lake County), Montpelier — 2 — The Bank and The BurgoyneMontpelier Historic Downtown Walking Tour
Bank of Montpelier's Impact on Local Banking History Residents of Bear Lake county have discussed the Butch Cassidy bank robbery for years with varied endings. Not unlike fishermen's boastings, tales of the exact amount of Butch's loot will . . . — Map (db m90879) HM
Idaho (Bear Lake County), Montpelier — The McAuley Cutoff
On April 7, 1852, seventeen-year-old Eliza Ann McAuley, with her older brother Thomas and sister Margaret, left Mount Pleasant, Iowa, to travel overland to California. For a time they were accompanied by the "Eddyville Company," led by William Buck . . . — Map (db m90850) HM
Idaho (Bear Lake County), Montpelier — 157 — Thomas Fork
A bad ford gave trouble to wagon trains crossing this stream on the trail to California and Oregon in 1849. In that year, gold-seeking 49'ers developed a shortcut that crossed here. Then emigrants built two bridges here in 1850. But an . . . — Map (db m90804) HM
Idaho (Blaine County), Carey — 354 — Goodale's Cutoff
When emigrants began to take their westbound wagons along an old Indian and trapper’s trail past this lava, they had to develop a wild and winding road. At this spot, like many others, they had hardly enough space to get by. At times, they . . . — Map (db m4650) HM
Idaho (Boise County), Grandjean — 435 — Emile Grandjean
An immigrant from Denmark where he had studied forestry, he came to this part of Idaho in 1883 to mine, hunt and trap. Before Idaho became a state in 1890, he built a winter cabin below Grandjean Peak on a site later occupied by Grandjean Ranger . . . — Map (db m22638) HM
Idaho (Boise County), Horseshoe Bend — 278 — Horse Shoe Bend
Gold was struck in Boise Basin (over the ridge to the east) in 1862, and the rush to these new mines came through here. Traffic came by steamer up the Columbia to Umatilla, and thence overland. At first there were only pack and saddle trains, but . . . — Map (db m23235) HM
Idaho (Boise County), Idaho City — 188 — Grimes' Creek
Named for George Grimes who, with Moses Splawn, led the party which on August 2, 1862 made the strike that started the Boise basin gold rush. The party was searching for a rich basin described to Splawn a year earlier by an Indian. Farther up . . . — Map (db m22600) HM
Idaho (Boise County), Idaho City — 186 — Idaho City
This roaring metropolis was founding early in October, 1862, about ten weeks after gold was discovered in Boise basin. By the next summer, this was the largest city in the Northwest, with 6,275 people -- 5,691 of them men! Families followed, and . . . — Map (db m22601) HM
Idaho (Boise County), Idaho City — 266 — The Old Toll Road
The Old Toll Road to Idaho City crossed the ridge from Boise through the lowest point you can see in the skyline across the valley. Climbing the More's creek canyon wall, it crossed this highway about here and swung north. The road was built and . . . — Map (db m22599) HM
Idaho (Boise County), Lowman — 442 — Emma Edwards
A talented artist, Emma Edwards went to work in 1890 to to design Idaho's state seal when she was only 18 years old. Although her father had moved to California after serving as governor of Missouri (1844 to 1848), Emma preferred to spend much of . . . — Map (db m22637) HM
Idaho (Boise County), Lowman — 444 — Lowman
In 1907, Nathaniel W. Lowman settled here, and four years later, when he started a post office in his large log house, this community was named for him. Only a few scattered settlers lived here then. Lowman got all its supplies once a year from a . . . — Map (db m22616) HM
Idaho (Bonner County), Hope — David Thompson & Finnan MacDonald
At Mamaloose Point, two miles South, Kullyspell house, first trading post in Idaho, was built September, 1809 by David Thompson and Finnan Macdonald — Map (db m73479) HM
Idaho (Bonner County), Hope — Glacial Ice DamFilled This Basin as Far as You Can See — Glaciers moved south from Canada spreading across the lake and rivers
Glaciers advanced and retreated a dozen times or more Damming Glacial Lake Missoula Bursting with gargantuan force Flooding areas 400 miles away Shaping today's landscape in Idaho, Washington and Oregon Glacial ice above . . . — Map (db m73493) HM
Idaho (Bonner County), Hope — Glacial Lake Missoulaand the floods that shaped the Northwest
Force of energy unleashed was hundreds of times the explosive energy of Mt. Saint Helens Flood events occurred more than a dozen times before the last torrential cataclysm of 12-15,000 years ago Glacial Lake Missoula and the Channeled . . . — Map (db m73495) HM
Idaho (Bonner County), Hope — Hope & East HopeMeet Traders and Merchants in Their Railroad and Timber Communities
Henrietta Tugboat for Hope Lumber Original Thornton School Spring Creek ca 1909 1894 Flood Changed Landscape Destroyed buildings along the tracks Floodwaters at level of present highway . . . — Map (db m73480) HM
Idaho (Bonner County), Hope — 148 — Kullyspell House
Idaho’s fur trade began in the fall of 1809 when David Thompson built a trading post 2.5 miles southwest of here. Kullyspell House (Thompson spelled “Kalispell” that way) was the earliest fur trade post in the American . . . — Map (db m73475) HM
Idaho (Bonner County), Hope — 320 — Lake Pend Oreille
When the last of the continental ice sheets blocked this valley, a great lake extended over 200 miles into Montana. Ice about as high as the mountain ridges held back water as deep as 800 to 1000 feet at Missoula, ten to twenty thousand . . . — Map (db m73490) HM
Idaho (Bonneville County), Idaho Falls — 224 — Eagle Rock Ferry
On June 20, 1863, Bill Hickman started a ferry 9 miles up Snake River for thousands of gold hunters headed for mines that now are in Montana. Named for an eagle that had a nest on a rock there, his ferry flourished until James Madison . . . — Map (db m70584) HM
Idaho (Bonneville County), Idaho Falls — 183 — Snake River Bridge
On December 10, 1864 a franchise was granted to Edward M. Morgan, James M. (Matt) Taylor, and William F. Bartlett to operate a ferry one and one-half miles below Cedar Island and build a bridge over Snake River at Black Canyon. Mr. Taylor selected . . . — Map (db m70571) HM
Idaho (Bonneville County), Idaho Falls — 223 — Taylor's Bridge
Idaho’s earliest toll bridge spanned Snake River at this rocky site in 1865, replacing Eagle Rock Ferry, 9 miles upstream. James Madison Taylor (a relative of Presidents Madison and Taylor and a founder of Denver, Colorado) settled here in . . . — Map (db m70583) HM
Idaho (Boundary County), Bonners Ferry — Moyie River Canyon
(front side) Constructed in 1964, the 1223 ft. long steel truss bridge spans the Moyie River Canyon at a height of 464 ft. It replaces the old bridge built in 1923 and 1.25 miles of narrow, winding highway. It is the second . . . — Map (db m73505) HM
Idaho (Butte County), Arco — A Plain of Volcanoes
The shallow arc of Idaho’s Snake River Plain spans southern Idaho, gently rising from west to east. Current theories suggest that the plain marks the path of continental movement over a deep hotspot now lying beneath the Yellowstone Plateau. As the . . . — Map (db m71602)
Idaho (Butte County), Arco — Are We Loving Them to Death?
Walking off trails may be destroying these spatter cones which are some of the rarest volcanic features on the face of the earth. Photographs taken at different times demonstrate that unrestricted visitor use left these fragile volcanic cones . . . — Map (db m80429) HM
Idaho (Butte County), Arco — 152 — Atoms for Peace
An important page in atomic history was written here on July 17, 1955, when the lights of Arco were successfully powered from atomic energy. Chosen by the Atomic Energy Commission as an experiment in the peaceful use of atomic power, Arco, Idaho . . . — Map (db m68916) HM
Idaho (Butte County), Arco — Boy Scout CaveCraters of the Moon National Monument and Preserve
Look for lava and ice stalactites ("lavacicles" and "icicles") on the ceiling and walls of this lava tube. They were formed by dripping hot lava and melting ice. Born of fire, this cave now retains ice year-round—a cool place to visit on a hot . . . — Map (db m92943)
Idaho (Butte County), Arco — Devil's Orchard TrailCraters of the Moon National Monument
Two thousand years ago, nearby volcanoes erupted so violently that they tore themselves apart. Rivers of lava floated huge chunks of crater wall down to this spot. Time passed. Rocks crumbled. The seeds of rabbitbrush and limber pine root in the . . . — Map (db m70604) HM
Idaho (Butte County), Arco — Get over it!Craters of the Moon National Monument
“To understand the West, you have to get over the color green; you have to quit associating beauty with gardens and lawns…” Wallace Stegner. What was drinking up 80% of the water used in this park? Lawns. *Planting lawns . . . — Map (db m70600) HM
Idaho (Butte County), Arco — Indian TunnelCraters of the Moon National Monument and Preserve
Indian Tunnel is named for the mysterious stone circles that lie near the path to this large lava tube. Ancient stone structures are visible in many locations throughout the Monument. Archeologists believe that some of these structures may have had . . . — Map (db m92944)
Idaho (Butte County), Arco — Just Down The RoadCraters of the Moon National Monument
The Strangest 75 square miles on the North American continent -Comment from an early traveler. The landscape before you was explosively created by volcanic eruptions. Cracks in the earth’s crest allowed lava to blast, . . . — Map (db m70597) HM
Idaho (Butte County), Arco — Just Down the RoadCraters of the Moon National Monument
The Strangest 75 square miles on the North American continent Comment from an early traveler The landscape before you was explosively created by volcanic eruptions. Cracks in the earth's crust allowed lava to blast, plop, . . . — Map (db m92942)
Idaho (Butte County), Arco — 304 — Lost River
When its water is not diverted for upstream irrigation, Lost River flows past here into a sink 14 miles to the northeast. Lava flows in the Snake River plains buried old channels of Lost River, Little Lost River, and Birch Creek. No longer able . . . — Map (db m70448) HM
Idaho (Butte County), Arco — North Crater Flow TrailCraters of the Moon National Monument
Here in the path of a lava flow you can view a variety of volcanic features, now frozen in time. The trail crosses over the most recent of several successive flows that originated from the North Crater area. As you walk the path, imagine slow moving . . . — Map (db m70602) HM
Idaho (Butte County), Arco — North Crater Lava FlowCraters of the Moon National Monument
After centuries of rest, North Crater stirred once more. The old crater wall broke open and lava poured out carrying great chunks of broken wall. Again it rested. About 2000 years ago, lava flowed out for the last time. — Map (db m70603) HM
Idaho (Butte County), Arco — 297 — Nuclear Reactors
Since 1949, more nuclear reactors – over 50 of them – have been built on this plain than anywhere else in the world. This 900-square-mile Idaho National Laboratory is the birthplace of the Nuclear Navy. Commercial power reactor . . . — Map (db m70447) HM
Idaho (Butte County), Arco — Prehistory and Recent History
Big Southern Butte -- A Waypoint for Thousands of Years “Just passing through, ma’ma” The harsh conditions on the plain discouraged most long-term settlement, but Big Southern Butte was a clear waypoint. In the 1800s, travelers headed . . . — Map (db m70573) HM
Idaho (Butte County), Arco — Vanishing Landmark
From this vantage point, you gaze across 25 miles of lava to Big Southern Butte. Early pioneers, following Goodale’s Cutoff from the Oregon Trail, used this land mark to navigate around the rugged lavas of the Snake River Plain. As a traveler today, . . . — Map (db m70595) HM
Idaho (Butte County), Arco — Where's the Volcano?
Say the word volcano and usually the image flashes to mind of a single great symmetrical cone. But, the volcanic activity in Craters of the Moon National Monument and the Snake River Plain has taken a different form. Parallel cracks in the . . . — Map (db m71601)
Idaho (Canyon County), Caldwell — 455 — Emigrant Crossing
After reaching Boise River, emigrant wagons had to travel 30 miles to find a good crossing about 1/4 mile north of here. They had to avoid a wide zone of shifting channels, so they descended Canyon Hill where the route is still visible. In . . . — Map (db m22326) HM
Idaho (Canyon County), Caldwell — 291 — The College of Idaho
Planned by the Presbyterians of southern Idaho in 1884 and opened with 19 students in 1891, this is Idaho's oldest college. William Judson Boone, the founder, remained president 45 years. From a modest beginning with a faculty of 8 (including two . . . — Map (db m26193) HM
Idaho (Canyon County), Givens Hot Springs — Givens Hot Springs
Milford and Martha (Mattie) Shirley Givens pulled up Missouri roots and headed west in 1878, apparently bound for Portland, Oregon where relatives were settled. Their journey eventually led them along the South Alternative Route of the Oregon Trail. . . . — Map (db m47134) HM
Idaho (Canyon County), Givens Hot Springs — 358 — Givens Springs
Natural hot water available here has been a popular attraction for thousands of years. A winter village site for about 5000 years, these hot springs had large pit houses typical of plateau communities northwest of here from 4,300 to about . . . — Map (db m47336) HM
Idaho (Canyon County), Melba — Guffey Bridge Snake River Idaho
The historic Guffey Bridge is an elegant Parker-through truss railroad bridge, the State’s largest artifact, and the site of the most spectacular train wreck in Idaho. The Boise, Nampa and Owyhee Railroad (BNO), was organized by owner Col. Wm. . . . — Map (db m73344) HM
Idaho (Canyon County), Middleton — Hostility Erupts Into ViolenceWard Massacre
On August 20, 1854, the Alexander Ward Party of 20 men, women, and children were traveling on the Oregon Trail with five wagons, a day behind a larger party led by Alexander Yantis. The Wards pulled their wagons off the Trail for lunch and to water . . . — Map (db m22398) HM
Idaho (Canyon County), Middleton — Peaceful Trading Turns HostileWard Massacre
In the 1830's, local tribes, including the Shoshone, Paiute, and Bannock began trading with Euro-American fur trappers and missionaries passing through southern Idaho. Peaceful exchanges beneficial to both groups increased in 1842 when wagon trains . . . — Map (db m22333) HM
Idaho (Canyon County), Middleton — 75 — The Ward Massacre
Only 2 young boys survived the Indian attack on Alexander Ward's 20 member party, Oregon bound on August 20, 1854. Military retaliation for the slaughter so enraged the Indians that Hudson's Bay Co. posts Fort Boise and Fort Hall had to be . . . — Map (db m22328) HM
Idaho (Canyon County), Middleton — To the Memory of the PioneersWard Massacre Memorial
To the memory of the pioneers who were massacred by Indians near this spot August 20, 1854. This monument is dedicated by Pioneer Chapter Daughters of the American Revolution Boise, Idaho William Ward       Age 44 Margaret Ward        "   . . . — Map (db m22336) HM
Idaho (Canyon County), Middleton — Violence is AvengedWard Massacre
In early September, 1854, Major Granville Hallar set out with a US military force from their post in Oregon to avenge the Ward-party deaths. Upon arrival at the rebuilt Hudson Bay's Fort Boise near the mouth of the Boise River, the Indians they . . . — Map (db m22366) HM
Idaho (Canyon County), Nampa — 415 — Northwest Nazarene University
In 1913, Eugene Emerson started a Christian school that his church developed into an accredited college on a campus he donated. The college, located on a campus 2 mile southwest of here, moved to university status in 1999. Northwest Nazarene . . . — Map (db m73204) HM
Idaho (Canyon County), Notus — 361 — Lower Boise
Confederate refugees from Missouri started farming in this area in 1863 and 1864, when gold and silver mining camps created a great demand for flour and cattle. Driven out from their Missouri River homes below Kansas City by extremely bitter Civil . . . — Map (db m21988) HM
Idaho (Canyon County), Parma — 78 — Marie Dorion
An Iowa Indian who came through here with Wilson Price Hunt's fur trappers in 1811, Marie Dorion spent an incredible winter in this region in 1814. She and her two infant children were sole survivors of a mid-January Bannock Indian clash at John . . . — Map (db m21995) HM
Idaho (Canyon County), Parma — 85 — Old Fort Boise
An important Hudson's Bay Company fur trade post was established in 1834 four miles west of here on the bank of the Snake River. Fur trading declined, but this British post became famous for its hospitality to American travellers on the Oregon . . . — Map (db m21992) HM
Idaho (Caribou County), Soda Springs — A Grand VisionBrigham Young Summer Cabin
The first Mormon emigrants arrived in the Salt Lake Valley in 1847 and immediately began laying the groundwork for the small settlement that would become Salt Lake City. Church President Brigham Young however, had a much grander vision for his . . . — Map (db m35469) HM
Idaho (Caribou County), Soda Springs — 260 — Brigham Young Summer Home
On this site in 1870, the first house in Soda Springs, Uppertown was built under the direction of John Walmsley. It was a one room log cabin twenty-two by eighteen feet, with floor, windows, and shingle roof, known as the Brigham Young Summer Home. . . . — Map (db m35466) HM
Idaho (Cassia County), Albion — 306 — Diamondfield Jack
J.L. Davis... Diamondfield Jack... spent most of 6 years in the Cassia County jail while the courts and pardon board were trying to figure out what to do with him. By far the best known of the gunmen who fought in Idaho's sheep and cattle wars, he . . . — Map (db m31639) HM
Idaho (Cassia County), Burley — 208 — Milner Dam
When completed in 1904, Milner Dam raised Snake River 38 feet to divert water into major north and south side canals. A gravity system unmatched in size in national reclamation development, this project irrigates 360,000 acres of land. Twin Falls, . . . — Map (db m31636) HM
Idaho (Cassia County), Burley — 28 — Starrh's Ferry
In 1880, George Starrh, a Snake River placer miner, started a ferry across Snake River one mile north of here. From 1880-2, freighters hauling supplies for a mining rush to Wood River used Starrh's ferry (powered by river current when stiff winds . . . — Map (db m31635) HM
Idaho (Cassia County), Malta — 169 — Hudspeth's Cutoff
This shortcut to the California goldfields, followed by most of the 49'ers, came out of the hills to the east and joined the old California trail just about here. Opened by "Messrs. Hudspeth & Myers, of the Jackson County, Missouri, Company," who . . . — Map (db m31638) HM
Idaho (Cassia County), Oakley — 344 — City of Rocks
A vast display of towering granite rocks (16 miles southeast of here) attracted emigrants who were on their way to California. A gold rush visitor, July 14, 1849, reported that "you can imagine among these massive piles, church domes, spires, . . . — Map (db m31637) HM
Idaho (Custer County), Challis — 303 — Michel Bourdon
This Valley was discovered in 1822 by an expedition of Hudson's Bay Company trappers led by Michel Bourdon. Bourdon had come to the Northwest with David Thompson, who had started the Idaho fur trade in 1808-9. Trappers searched everywhere for . . . — Map (db m59949) HM
Idaho (Elmore County), Glenns Ferry — Glenn's Ferry
After the golden spike was driven at Promontory Utah in 1869 the nearest railroad station to Boise was Kelton on the north shore of the Great Salt Lake. A ferry was built 1/2 mile up on the river as a joint effort by Gustavus Glenn, a local rancher . . . — Map (db m31678) HM
Idaho (Elmore County), Glenns Ferry — 198 — Oregon Trail
A perilous ford at Three Island State Park was a formidable Oregon Trail barrier. Those who could not cross here faced a longer, more difficult southern route. No other ford between Missouri and Oregon troubled them so much. This was their largest . . . — Map (db m31677) HM
Idaho (Elmore County), Glenns Ferry — To All Pioneers
To all pioneers who crossed over Three Island Crossing and helped to win the west. Erected 1931 by Troop One Boy Scouts of America Roslyn, New York Scoutmaster E.K. Pietsch — Map (db m31679) HM
Idaho (Elmore County), Mountain Home — 195 — Rattlesnake Station
At the junction of the Rocky Bar Road with the Oregon Trail, this was a major stage line stop for 20 years. Stage service commenced in 1864, and a road to the Rocky Bar mines was opened 2 months later. In 1878 the station owners thought it . . . — Map (db m70449) HM
Idaho (Franklin County), Franklin — FCMI Store 1858
This building is an example of the stone craftsmanship of the Mormon pioneers of southeastern Idaho. Built in 1868 of local stone cut with a rough , or rusticated, finish, the building demonstrates the gradual change in the late 19th century from . . . — Map (db m44454) HM
Idaho (Franklin County), Franklin — Franklin Relic Hall - 1937
The log Relic Hall is a fine example of Depression Era rustic architecture. Completed in 1937, it also represents a successful early effort to preserve and interpret community history. The building was designed in 1935 by architect Chris Gunderson . . . — Map (db m44458) HM
Idaho (Franklin County), Preston — Bear River Massacre
Very few Northwestern Shoshoni survived a battle here that turned into a massacre by Col. P.E. Connor’s California Volunteers.

In 1863, Conner and his force set out from salt Lake City on a cold January campaign in response to friction between . . . — Map (db m44461) HM

Idaho (Franklin County), Preston — 236 — Pioneer Ferry and Bridge
Concrete shaft located one-half mile west on Bear River marks the site of the Nathan Williams Packer Toll Ferry and Bridge, one of the first on the river. The ferry operated with rope and carried equivalent of one team and wagon. In 1869 a bridge . . . — Map (db m48977) HM
Idaho (Fremont County), Ashton — Big Falls Inn
Holding a unique niche in Idaho’s history, Big Falls Inn was built around 1915 by the Snake River Electric Light and Power Company. Although it may originally have been constructed as a combination office and residence for workers, it eventually . . . — Map (db m73321) HM
Idaho (Fremont County), Ashton — 391 — Caldera Lookout
High on Island Park Caldera's west rim, a 72-foot forest service lookout tower affords an excellent view of this large volcanic feature. No other steel tower has been preserved in this part of Idaho. When it was erected in 1936, lookouts . . . — Map (db m72955) HM
Idaho (Fremont County), Macks Inn — 452 — Pierre J. DeSmetJesuit leader
Roman Catholic Missionary services began in Idaho on Sunday July 10, 1840 in Teton Valley, followed by a mass held near here at Henry's Lake, July 23. Pierre J. DeSmet a Belgian Jesuit leader accompanied a Pend Oreille - Flathead band on their . . . — Map (db m31214) HM
Idaho (Gem County), Emmett — 377 — Black Canyon Dam
Constructed in 1924, this $1,500,000 concrete gravity dam has a 1,039 foot crest and a 183 foot structural height. A 29 mile canal, along with lesser ditches, serves 58,250 acres of Boise and Payette valley farms. A power plant at Black Canyon . . . — Map (db m23237) HM
Idaho (Gooding County), Bliss — Formation of Malad Gorge
Thousands of years ago, immense flows of water from alpine glaciers and high levels of precipitation sent waters cascading over a broad area of the Snake River Canyon directly into the Snake River. Weak joints in the basalt walls gave way to these . . . — Map (db m71547)
Idaho (Gooding County), Bliss — 300 — Fossil Beds
Fossil bones of zebras, beaver, otter, pelicans and other water birds are found in sediments left from a 3,400,000 year old pond on the bluff across the river. Lava flows, pouring out over the plains on this side, met and dammed up sedimentary . . . — Map (db m31598) HM
Idaho (Gooding County), Bliss — The Malad SpringsOne of the Largest in the Country
Few places in Idaho or the United States show evidence of spring water more clearly than in Malad Gorge. These springs flow from the vast Snake River Aquifer through porous pillow basalts. On the opposite side of the canyon, where the river widens, . . . — Map (db m71549)
Idaho (Gooding County), Bliss — Woody's Cove / The Hagerman Valley
Woody's Cove This deep, basalt canyon was formed similar to Malad Gorge – by a retreating cataract, a huge waterfall. About four million years ago, local volcanoes spewed enormous amounts of lava over the area. Then, about one . . . — Map (db m71593)
Idaho (Gooding County), Hagerman — History of the Malad River
Malad History If eating food somewhere made you sick, how would you warn others of the danger? Fur trappers and traders named the Malad River the Riviere Aux Malad, or “sickly river,” after becoming hill from eating beaver . . . — Map (db m71603) HM
Idaho (Idaho County), Grangeville — 294 — Nez Perce War
Near the base of this hill, over 100 cavalrymen and volunteers met disaster in the opening battle of The Nez Perce War. Rushing from Grangeville on the evening of June 16, 1877, Captain David Perry planned to stop the Indians from crossing Salmon . . . — Map (db m4643) HM
Idaho (Idaho County), Lolo Summit — 247 — Lolo Summit
The Lewis and Clark party crossed this pass Sept. 13, 1805, westbound for the Pacific after a long detour to the south. From the headwaters of the Missouri they had crossed the mountains to the Salmon. Finding that river impassable, they traded . . . — Map (db m27120) HM
Idaho (Jerome County), Hunt — A Question of Loyalty
The Honor Roll sign listed the names of Minidoka men and women who served in World War II, attesting to their honor and loyal citizenship. But not all viewed honor and loyalty in the same way. The government issued a questionnaire in early 1943 to . . . — Map (db m71748) HM
Idaho (Jerome County), Hunt — Honor RollMinidoka Relocation Center
Nearly every relocation center built an Honor Roll sign listing the names of Japanese American internees serving in World War II. Minidoka's sign, which stood near the rock garden, was erected on October 14, 1943. By the war's end nearly 1,000 names . . . — Map (db m71749) HM
Idaho (Jerome County), Hunt — 340 — Hunt (Camp)Minidoka Internment National Monument — National Park Service, U.S. Department of the Interior
Excluded from their west coast homes by military authorities, more than 9000 Japanese Americans occupied Hunt Relocation Camp 4 miles north of here between 1942 & 1945. Until they could resettle in other places, they live in wartime tarpaper . . . — Map (db m61972) WM
Idaho (Jerome County), Hunt — Minidoka National Historic SiteGarden Under Guard — National Park Service, U.S. Department of the Interior
Internees created a garden behind the Honor Roll sign. The entrance garden was a cultural expression of inner strength and patriotism in contrast to the entrance gate, a symbol of confinement and injustice. The garden spoke liberty. The gate spoke . . . — Map (db m62957) HM WM
Idaho (Jerome County), Hunt — Minidoka Relocation CenterAugust 16, 1942 to October 26, 1945
You are standing at the entrance area of the Minidoka Relocation Center, one of ten American concentration camps established in World War II to incarcerate the 110,000 Americans of Japanese decent in coastal regions off our Pacific states.

Here . . . — Map (db m62956) HM

Idaho (Jerome County), Hunt — On GuardMinidoka Internment National Monument — National Park Service, U.S. Department of the Interior
The camp’s entrance was a stark and constant reminder that the internees were prisoners in their own country. Even though most internees were U.S. born citizens loyal to the principles and values of the country, they were denied their civil, . . . — Map (db m62961) HM WM
Idaho (Jerome County), Hunt — 276 — Prehistoric Hunters
Bone fragments of extinct species of ground sloth, horse, camel, and elephant found in a nearby cave mingle with weapons and radiocarbon dates from Idaho’s earliest hunters.

Archaeologists have confirmed that people camped here at least 10,000 . . . — Map (db m62963) HM

Idaho (Jerome County), Hunt — Soothing WatersMinidoka Internment National Monument — National Park Service, U.S. Department of the Interior
The North Side Canal brought solace to internees homesick for the Pacific Northwest. Here in the dry Idaho desert, the canal reminded them of familiar scenes in Oregon, Washington, and Alaska, where flowing waters were commonplace. The canal was . . . — Map (db m62962) HM
Idaho (Jerome County), Hunt — Supporting the Camp
Toshio Toyoji and his 44 whse. (warehouse) 20 carpenters make and finish practically all of the office furniture. They remodel and alter barracks for schools and evacuee housing as well as the staff housing. The project sign shop is also . . . — Map (db m71760) HM
Idaho (Jerome County), Twin Falls — 326 — Emigrant Road
More than a century ago, fur trappers and emigrants followed an old Indian trail that crossed here on its way to Oregon. Hudson's Bay Company traders preferred this route between Fort Hall and Fort Boise, but early emigrant wagons had to . . . — Map (db m31500) HM
Idaho (Kootenai County), Cataldo — 144 — Old Mission of the Sacred Heart
Opened for services in 1853, this is the oldest building in Idaho. Black-robed Jesuits founded the mission on the St. Joe River in 1842, but moved here in 1846 and raised this imposing building in a complete wilderness. Dwellings and . . . — Map (db m80912) HM
Idaho (Lemhi County), Carmen — 241 — Fort Bonneville
In a grove of cottonwoods across the river, Capt. B.L.E. Bonneville established a winter fur trade post. Sept. 26, 1832. His fort, described by a rival trapper as "a miserable establishment" - - -"consisted of several log cabins, low, badly . . . — Map (db m59848) HM
Idaho (Lemhi County), Gibbonsville — Deep Creek
Sept. 2, 1805 Lewis and Clark proceeded with much difficulty up the North Fork, they camped on the west side of the river in this vicinity.

Clark wrote "...we were obliged to cut a road, over rocky hill Slides where our horses were in peteal . . . — Map (db m59864) HM

Idaho (Lemhi County), Gibbonsville — 269 — Lewis and Clark
On their way north searching for a route over Idaho's mountain barrier, Lewis and Clark left this canyon and ascended a high ridge to reach Bitterroot Valley, September 3-4, 1805. No Indian trail came this way, but Tobe, their experienced Shoshoni . . . — Map (db m59798) HM
Idaho (Lemhi County), North Fork — Hungry, Wet and Cold
The historic Lewis and Clark Expedition travelled along this river in 1805. As the first white men to document this region, their maps, diaries, and encounters with different cultures forever changed the western landscape. Cold, wet and hungry, . . . — Map (db m59754) HM
Idaho (Lemhi County), North Fork — In Commemoration of Old Toby the Shoshone IndianMembers of the Lewis & Clark Expedition - August and September 1805
In commemoration of Old Toby the Shoshone Indian who guided the Lewis & Clark expedition from the Salmon to the Bitterroot Valley after he had shown Captain Clark that the Salmon River Canyon was impassable. Old Toby served this famous . . . — Map (db m59632) HM
Idaho (Lemhi County), North Fork — In memory of Jeff Allen and Shane Heath
In memory of Jeff Allen and Shane Heath, Indianola Helitack Crew members, lost in the Cramer Fire near here on July 22, 2003. This will be a lasting place of remembrance and gratitude for their lives and service, a place for . . . — Map (db m59865) HM
Idaho (Lemhi County), North Fork — 122 — Lewis and ClarkHoping for an Easy River Trip to the Pacific
Clark explored the first few miles of the rugged canyon of the Salmon below here late in August 1805. His small advance party camped here with poor but friendly Indians. Clark reported that the Salmon "is almost one continued rapid," and that . . . — Map (db m59847) HM
Idaho (Lemhi County), Salmon — Sacajawea Historic BywayGuide to 10 Historic Stops Between I-15 and Salmon Idaho
[This marker also serves as a site map for historical and natural resource sites. The text is entered in the order of their numbers.] 1. Mud Lake Wildlife Management Area Mud Lake Wildlife Management Area was established in 1940 by . . . — Map (db m59922) HM
Idaho (Lemhi County), Salmon — The Dog of Discovery
Inscribed on his collar: "The greatest traveler of my species. My name is Seaman, the dog of Captain Meriwether Lewis, whom I accompanied to Pacifick Ocean through the interior of the continent of North America." This statue is . . . — Map (db m59654) HM
Idaho (Madison), Rexburg — Rexburg Tabernacle Centennial1912-2012
Ground was broken on May 14, 1911 by the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints to construct a tabernacle for the purpose of holding conference, baptisms, and other special meetings. President Joseph F. Smith dedicated the tabernacle eight . . . — Map (db m84346) HM
Idaho (Madison), Rexburg — The Teton Dam Flood Marker
The collapse of the Teton River Dam on June 5, 1976 unloosed a savage flood which caused $500,000,000 in damage, took eleven lives, and made thousands homeless in Wilford, Sugar City, Rexburg, Salem, Hibbard, Firth, Blackfoot, and Roberts. But . . . — Map (db m84341) HM
Idaho (Madison County), Rexburg — 404 — Brigham Young University - Idaho
Brigham Young University - Idaho had its beginning in 1888 as an academy affiliated with The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-Day Saints. Initially known as Bannock Stake Academy. It was renamed Fremont Stake Academy, Smith Academy, and Ricks . . . — Map (db m35477) HM
Idaho (Madison County), Rexburg — 54 — In Honor of the Rexburg Stake Pioneers
Erected Sept. 28, 1935 In honor of the Rexburg Stake Pioneers The founders of Rexburg, March 11, 1883 Thomas E. Ricks• Henry Flamm • Francis C. Gunnell • Fred Smith• William F. Rigby • Daniel Walters • Thomas E. Ricks, Jr. • Lorenzo . . . — Map (db m84344) HM
Idaho (Madison County), Rexburg — Pioneer ParkEstablished 1993-1997
To honor those who have contributed to Growth and Development of the Upper Valley Histories on file in Museum Library A Civic Improvement Project of the GFWC Rexburg Civic Club Labor and materials donate by local Scout troops, . . . — Map (db m84348) HM
Idaho (Madison County), Rexburg — 473 — Rexburg Milling Company
In the summer of 1883, William F. Rigby purchased, dismantled and moved by oxen a mill to the new community of Rexburg, establishing the only mill in southern Idaho. The mill was reconstructed on the west side of Third East, between Second and Third . . . — Map (db m42052) HM
Idaho (Nez Perce County), Lewiston — Lewis and Clark
Lewis and Clark camped on the North Bank of Lewis's or Snake River October 10, 1805 Erected October 1955 by Alice Whitman Chapter D.A.R. — Map (db m23267) HM
Idaho (Oneida County), Keogh — 317 — Lake Bonneville
20,000 years ago, this land was under water. Not far to the north, you can see the old shore of Lake Bonneville. Formed in a basin from which no river reached the ocean, this became the largest lake in North America. Finally the lake rose high . . . — Map (db m32888) HM
Idaho (Owyhee County), Marsing — 283 — Froman's Ferry
In 1888 George Froman built a ferry about a mile downstream from here. It operated until a bridge was built here in 1921. The ferry barge was connected by ropes to a pulley which slid along a cable spanning the river. By angling the barge into . . . — Map (db m26192) HM
Idaho (Owyhee County), Melba — 194 — Steamer "Shoshone"
The boat was built in 1866 to provide easy river travel for a part of the route from the Columbia to Boise and Silver City. It was intended to ply 105 miles between here and Old's Ferry. Once it even explored the river for 60 miles above here, . . . — Map (db m32175) HM
Idaho (Payette County), Fruitland — 336 — Salmon Festival
Long before fur hunters explored here in 1811, an annual Indian salmon festival was held each July in this area. Indian peoples came great distances to trade, celebrate, and arrange intertribal marriages. Cheyenne and Arapaho bands brought . . . — Map (db m23197) HM
Idaho (Payette County), Fruitland — 263 — Snake River
The valley of the Snake, historic passage from the Midwest to the Northwest, has been a primary route for travel since the days of Indians and fur traders. The Oregon Trail forded the river at Old Fort Boise, the Hudson's Bay Company 12 miles . . . — Map (db m23195) HM
Idaho (Shoshone County), Avery — "In the Hole"
When two trains met on the single track Milwaukee mainline one train would have to “go in the hole”. One train moved onto a side track or siding, letting the other train pass by. Timing a “meet” was extremely . . . — Map (db m45635) HM
Idaho (Shoshone County), Avery — “Wintering” Roland
Bitterroot winters are frigid and long-lasting, with the snow staying on the ridges and packed into the draws and gullies well into the spring. Roland and East Portal can receive up to a foot of snow an hour during a big storm. The snowpack . . . — Map (db m45561) HM
Idaho (Shoshone County), Avery — A Changing Landscape
“Change is inevitable. Change is constant.” Benjamin Disraeli At the beginning of the 20th century, majestic western white pine, western larch and western red cedar, some over 400 years old, along with Douglas-fir and . . . — Map (db m45563) HM
Idaho (Shoshone County), Avery — Beast of the Bitterroots
It groaned, It growled, It Shrieked! Turntable & Townsite Roland, Idaho s started as a construction camp in 1906, housing men working on the west portion of the St. Paul Pass Tunnel. It evolved from a tent camp scattered along . . . — Map (db m45556) HM
Idaho (Shoshone County), Avery — Bridging the Gaps
Wood to Steel The Milwaukee Road built temporary wood trestles at all but Kelly Creek and Clear Creek. Fire danger prompted the railroad to immediately begin replacing the wooden structures with earth-filled embankments or building steel . . . — Map (db m45614) HM
Idaho (Shoshone County), Avery — Bumps on the Milwaukee Road
In 1925, the Chicago, Milwaukee and St. Paul Railway Company suffered the largest business failure in the history of the United States up to that time. The bankruptcy resulted from a combination of problems related to the construction of . . . — Map (db m45650) HM
Idaho (Shoshone County), Avery — Busy Bogle Spur
A logging railroad known as Bogle Spur snaked from here up the North Fork of the St. Joe River for seven miles. The spur was built to salvage timber killed during the 1910 fires. The little railroad operated from 1912 to 1915. When the logging . . . — Map (db m45654) HM
Idaho (Shoshone County), Avery — Electrified
When Water Powered the Road It made a great deal of sense to the Milwaukee Road’s directors to electrify portions of the mainline when building the western extension. They could reduce the high cost of oil-fired, steam powered . . . — Map (db m45624) HM
Idaho (Shoshone County), Avery — Johnson’s Big Cut
“Fire in the Hole!” In 1908, a Milwaukee contractor named Johnson needed to blast out a path through the rock face next to the Barnes Creek Trestle, #218. Blasters chiseled out five “coyote holes”, stuffed them . . . — Map (db m45629) HM
Idaho (Shoshone County), Avery — Laboring in Luxury
For the price of a Pullman ticket, a common rail passenger could be waited upon and pampered in the grand manner of privileged gentry. The Pullman porter provided the labor for that luxury… After the Civil War, the Pullman Palace . . . — Map (db m45648) HM
Idaho (Shoshone County), Avery — Little in Name Only
[Cyrillic text] (Little Joes, The Locomotives Big Joe Stalin Never Got!) Made for Joseph Stalin’s Soviet Union, the United States embargoed these magnificent locomotives as strategic material at the start of the “Cold . . . — Map (db m45633) HM
Idaho (Shoshone County), Avery — Man’s Mark on the Land
If you stood on this spot with a railroad surveyor in 1906, you would have gazed across a lush patchwork forest of large trees. The super hot 1910 fires burned the valley below and for years afterward the area presented travelers with a bleak view . . . — Map (db m45567) HM
Idaho (Shoshone County), Avery — Milwaukee Road Muscle
It took a lot of mechanical muscle to pull the Milwaukee Road’s long, heavy passenger and freight trains over the rugged Rocky Mountains and tough Bitterroot Range. The Milwaukee Road used a great variety of powerful locomotives to do the . . . — Map (db m45625) HM
Idaho (Shoshone County), Avery — Mountains of Copper?
Depending on who you talk to, the hills around you contain either rich copper deposits or a lot of hot air.... Between 1889 and 1922, miners explored a number of promising mining properties near Adair. They encountered ore containing . . . — Map (db m45622) HM
Idaho (Shoshone County), Avery — No One’s “Fault”
It's nature’s “fault” this tunnel is closed… Several major geologic fault lines run under these mountains. The mountainside here is slowly shifting along a fault line into the right side of this tunnel, collapsing it. . . . — Map (db m45613) HM
Idaho (Shoshone County), Avery — Not So "Lucky" Swedes
The Lucky Swede and Pearson Mining Companies used this siding to bring in mining equipment and hopefully, send out copper ore… According to old-timer Harold Theriault, “The lucky Swede Mine was a fairly large company, but . . . — Map (db m45656) HM
Idaho (Shoshone County), Avery — Olympian Luxury
Driving across the country today, fueling up at fast food outlets, it is hard to imagine that travel was once much more luxurious. The Milwaukee Road's Olympian and Columbian passenger trains carried elegant dining cars the entire distance from . . . — Map (db m45632) HM
Idaho (Shoshone County), Avery — Railroad at WAR!
The Milwaukee Road transported tons of war material and thousands of troops during World Wars I and II, the Korean War and the Vietnam War. During World War I, the Federal Government seized railroads in the United States including the . . . — Map (db m45641) HM
Idaho (Shoshone County), Avery — Rough & Tumble Camps
Primitive construction camps dotted the Bitterroot Mountains between 1906 and 1912. Hardy colorful gangs of workers from around the globe called these bleak and often ugly temporary settlements home. The hard work and disagreeable . . . — Map (db m45553) HM
Idaho (Shoshone County), Avery — Rough Roads & Wrecks
High steel trestles, long curved tunnels and steep rocky embankments could be accidents waiting to happen… But diligent, hard-working Milwaukee Roaders saw that relatively few wrecks shattered the quiet beauty of the Bitterroots. . . . — Map (db m45649) HM
Idaho (Shoshone County), Avery — Secluded Falcon
You are standing on what was Falcon, Idaho, a lonely but important Milwaukee Road siding named for the raptors that nested in the area. Train passengers gave the place scant notice, but by 1915, a depot, a section house and several other . . . — Map (db m45634) HM
Idaho (Shoshone County), Avery — Section Gangs
Patrolling for problems on the track was the job of the section foreman and his “section gang” of 2 to 7 hardy laborers. In the early 1900s the Milwaukee Road’s mainline was divided into 5.5 to 9.5 mile-long sections. A . . . — Map (db m45610) HM
Idaho (Shoshone County), Avery — Signs, Wires & Whistles
Grief could come to a big, fast train suddenly. Railroaders needed to see and hear warnings and orders clearly and quickly. The engineer and crew watched for standard signals over each section of track and kept their eyes and ears open . . . — Map (db m45623) HM
Idaho (Shoshone County), Avery — Smooth as Silk
“Highballing” fast freight trains.. …known as “Silks”, sped raw Asian silk from west coast seaports across the United States for processing into finished garments. The silks had the right-of-way over freight . . . — Map (db m45640) HM
Idaho (Shoshone County), Avery — Temporary Trestles
Get the Line Open Quickly! That was the policy of the Milwaukee Road. To do this in 1907 and 1908, the Chicago, Milwaukee & Puget Sound Railroad built numerous sturdy, but short-lived, wood trestles to prepare the new line for track as . . . — Map (db m45579) HM
Idaho (Shoshone County), Avery — The 1910 Fires
One of the largest forest fires in the history of the United States ...swept over Idaho and Montana on August 20 and 21, 1910, including the area where you now stand. The fire burned three million acres, destroyed eight billion . . . — Map (db m45615) HM
Idaho (Shoshone County), Avery — The Big Blowup
The forest fires of August, 1910, burned millions of acres in Idaho, Montana and Washington. On the night of August 20, engineer Johnnie Mackedon, returning from a trip to St. Paul Pass, found the Falcon siding on fire. Over one hundred terrified . . . — Map (db m45617) HM
Idaho (Shoshone County), Avery — The End of the Road?
Time Runs Out for “America s Resourceful Railroad” Never-ending financial problems, speedy new interstate highways and jets killed Milwaukee's passenger service to the Pacific Coast by 1961. Stiff freight competition and . . . — Map (db m45651) HM
Idaho (Shoshone County), Avery — The Mighty Quills
The Unknown Locomotive Called the “unkown” locomotive by some rail enthusiasts, few people now recognize the heavyweight of the Milwaukee’s Rocky Mountain Division, the Baldwin-Westinghouse EP-3. Between 1919 and . . . — Map (db m45630) HM
Idaho (Shoshone County), Avery — The Olympian Hiawatha
On June 29, 1947 the pride of the Milwaukee Road was introduced-- an all new streamlined train called the “Olympian Hiawatha”. The name “Hiawatha” originated with Henry Wadsworth Longfellow’s poem “Song of . . . — Map (db m45631) HM
Idaho (Shoshone County), Avery — The Route of the Hiawatha
Looking for the Right Route In 1905, the Milwaukee and St. Paul Railway began looking for a route for their western extension over the Bitterroot Mountains. After five and a half months, exploring 930 miles, the railroad chose a route . . . — Map (db m45559) HM
Idaho (Shoshone County), Avery — The Route of the Hiawatha
The Last Transcontinental Railroad “It was the finest railroad in America.” Those were the words of many former employees of the Chicago, Milwaukee, St. Paul and Pacific (Milwaukee Road). This trail follows the route of . . . — Map (db m45652) HM
Idaho (Shoshone County), Avery — The Toughest Town
People used to say “Taft, Montana was the toughest town in the west until Grand Forks, Idaho developed.” Located across the valley at the mouth of Cliff Creek, a Forest Service employee described it as, “…a wild . . . — Map (db m45636) HM
Idaho (Shoshone County), Avery — The Traveler
An astonishing contraption called “The Traveler”, a giant rolling crane, erected Kelly and Clear Creek Trestles in record time. The Milwaukee decided to build Kelly and Clear Creek Trestles out of steel right From the . . . — Map (db m45618) HM
Idaho (Shoshone County), Avery — This Place Had a Name?
During the 1910 fires, fire fighters hopping off a train here at two in the morning wondered, “why anyone bothered to give this spot a name.” In fact, Adair started out several years earlier as a boisterous railroad . . . — Map (db m45620) HM
Idaho (Shoshone County), Avery — Tunneling Toward Tacoma
Snaking its railroad down the western side of the Bitterroot Mountains, the Milwaukee Road burrowed 16 tunnels to maintain a uniform grade down to Avery. These tunnels were dug largely by hand using sledgehammers and hand drills. In some cases . . . — Map (db m45608) HM
Idaho (Shoshone County), Avery — Water Does the Work!
A powerful man-made jet of water blasted the mountainside… …washing soil and loose rock downslope to fill in the trestle. By 1911, the Milwaukee Road filled twenty-two temporary wooden trestles between St. Regis, Montana and Avery, . . . — Map (db m45568) HM
Idaho (Shoshone County), Avery — World Class Workers
Who’s Been Working On The Railroad? If you stood here sometime between 1907 and 1911, you would have heard a multitude of languages. The hundreds of people employed during the construction of the Milwaukee Road included; . . . — Map (db m45637) HM
Idaho (Shoshone County), Avery — You want to be a Ranger?
Do you have the right stuff to be a FOREST RANGER?! Forest Service District Rangers today are resource professionals. She/he could be a forester, fish or wildlife biologist, hydrologist, botanist, landscape architect or other . . . — Map (db m45643) HM
Idaho (Shoshone County), Mullan — History of Lookout Pass
Lookout Pass is one of the original U.S. Ski areas. The area was first utilized by local Scandinavians who hopped off Northern Pacific freight cars to enjoy a day of alpine skiing at the Pass. A rope tow was installed in 1936 through use of parts . . . — Map (db m45200) HM
Idaho (Shoshone County), Mullan — 421 — Lead-Silver Mines
In more than a century after rich lodes were discovered in 1884, this valley has become North and South America’s largest producer of silver. More than 5 billion dollars worth of lead, silver, and zinc—including more than a billion ounces . . . — Map (db m91487) HM
Idaho (Shoshone County), Mullan — 373 — Willow Creek Slide
A spectacular avalanche, Feb. 10, 1903, swept away part of a trestle—300 feet high—that let Northern Pacific Railway trains descend from this pass since 1890. An engine that plunged 80 feet was buried in 30 feet of snow; a passenger . . . — Map (db m91447) HM
Idaho (Shoshone County), Murray — Gold
Gold was first discovered near the town of Murray in 1882. A.J. Prichard and his partners, Markson, Gellatt and Gerard, had come to the Coeur d’Alenes from Walla Walla, WA. following Mullan’s Military Road. Their prospecting started near . . . — Map (db m73474) HM
Idaho (Shoshone County), Wallace — 367 — Wallace
Founded as a mining town in 1884, Wallace became a railroad center in 1887 and the Shoshone County seat in 1898. Rebuilt after a disastrous fire in 1890, Wallace has preserved its pioneer mining heritage. North Idaho's 2,000,000-acre forest . . . — Map (db m27170) HM
Idaho (Teton County), Driggs — 38 — John ColterErected Sept. 1938
Who accompanied Lewis & Clark through the Northwest in 1803-6, was the first white man to enter Teton Valley (Pierre’s Hole) in 1807 and discovered Teton Pass, Jackson Hole and the wonders of Yellowstone Park. Later called “Colter’s . . . — Map (db m84353) HM
Idaho (Teton County), Driggs — Teton County Veterans Memorial
Veteran’s Memorial Dedicated to all veterans who have served from Teton Valley All gave some- Some gave all WWI: 183 Served, 4 Killed Guy S. Butler, Lindsay Edward Murdock, Moses A. Hulet, George Anthony Smith WWII: 436 . . . — Map (db m84354) WM
Idaho (Twin Falls County), Buhl — Balanced Rock
48 ft. high & 40 ft. wide Base is only 3 ft. x 175 in. wide A rhyolite monolith shaped by differential weathering — Map (db m70450)
Idaho (Twin Falls County), Hagerman — 330 — Fishing Falls
When John C. Fremont came this way mapping emigrant roads in 1843, he found an important Indian village at Fishing Falls (Kanaka rapids) about 4 miles above here. He reported that native salmon spearers there were "unusually gay...fond of laughter; . . . — Map (db m31652) HM
Idaho (Twin Falls County), Hagerman — 206 — Payne's Ferry
A scow powered by oarsmen let Oregon Trail wagons cross Snake River here from 1852 to 1870. Then Overland Stage service from Boise to a rail terminal in Kelton, Utah was moved to this crossing, and M.E. Payne installed a large (14 by 60 foot) new . . . — Map (db m31653) HM
Idaho (Twin Falls County), Hagerman — 204 — Salmon Falls
In 1812, Joseph Miller found 100 lodges of Indians spearing thousands of salmon each afternoon at a cascade below here. Each summer they dried a year's supply. After 1842, they also traded salmon to Oregon Trail emigrants. John C. Fremont marveled . . . — Map (db m31597) HM
Idaho (Twin Falls County), Hagerman — 166 — Thousand Springs
Old lava flow changed the geologic structure of this area and thus created a multitude of famous springs here. Over thousands of years, volcanic activity repeatedly spread lava over the Snake River plain, slowly forcing the river southward in a . . . — Map (db m31595) HM
Idaho (Twin Falls County), Hansen — Ancient Lake Bonneville"Southern Idaho's Largest Flood in World History"
The Flood that Reshaped Southern Idaho The Snake River Canyon is one of Idaho's most recognizable geologic features. Volcanic forces dating back more than 10 million years ago created the canyon. But it took the second largest flood in . . . — Map (db m70474)
Idaho (Twin Falls County), Hansen — 393 — Hansen Bridge
Until 1919, when a high suspension bridge was completed here, this 16-mile long river gorge could be crossed only in a rowboat. With 14 cables, each more than 900 feet long, a $100,000 suspension bridge was wide enough to accommodate two lanes of . . . — Map (db m62131) HM
Idaho (Twin Falls County), Hansen — Rock Creek
The lush willow bottoms of Rock Creek provided Native Americans with a natural campsite. During the early and mid-1800s, Rock Creek was an oasis for the trappers, explorers and Oregon-bound emigrants attempting to traverse the arid Snake River . . . — Map (db m31522) HM
Idaho (Twin Falls County), Hansen — 342 — Rock Creek Station
An 1864 overland stage station at Rock Creek, 5 miles south and a mile west of here, offered a desert oasis for 40 years before irrigated farming transformed this area. James Bascom's 1865 store and Herman Stricker's 1900 mansion have been . . . — Map (db m31521) HM
Idaho (Twin Falls County), Hansen — The Desert Bloomed"The Miracle of Water and the Beginning of Idaho's Magic Valley"
Magic in the Desert Here, at the Hansen Overlook, you are in the heart of Idaho's Magic Valley. Once this valley was a dry sagebrush covered desert. Water from the Snake River magically transformed the desert seemingly overnight into one . . . — Map (db m70473) HM
Idaho (Twin Falls County), Murtaugh — 284 — Caldron Linn
In 1811 the Hunt party likened the terrific torrent of the Snake River three miles east of here to a boiling caldron, adding the the old Scottish word "linn," meaning a waterfall. They had lost a man and a canoe in a roaring chute upstream. . . . — Map (db m31523) HM
Idaho (Twin Falls County), Twin Falls — 411 — College of Southern Idaho
In 1964, Twin Falls County voters established a community college, and Jerome County soon voted to join their college district. Started in 1965 as part of a state and national effort to expand local educational opportunity, College of Southern . . . — Map (db m31519) HM
Idaho (Twin Falls County), Twin Falls — Ira Burton PerrineMay 7, 1861-Oct 2, 1943 — Sculpted by Ralph Lehrman
I. B. Perrine was an early Twin Falls settler and developer who made his home — Blue Lakes Ranch — in the Snake River Canyon. His vision, planning and dedication led to Twin Falls growth from a desert outpost to a flourishing city. — Map (db m62964) HM
Idaho (Twin Falls County), Twin Falls — Perrine Memorial Bridge
Lower marker: The structure you now see spanning the Snake River Canyon was completed in July 1976 at a cost of $9,700,000. It is 1500 feet in length with the roadway approximately 480 feet above the Snake River. This arch structure . . . — Map (db m62965) HM
Idaho (Twin Falls County), Twin Falls — Robert Evel KnievelExplorer, Motorcyclist and Daredevil
Attempted a mile long leap of the Snake River Canyon on Sept. 8, 1974 employing a unique skycycle. The large dirt ramp is visible approx. 2 miles east of this point on the south ridge of the canyon. Donated to the community by Sunset Memorial — Map (db m62966) HM
Idaho (Twin Falls County), Twin Falls — 172 — Shoshone Falls
4 miles east of here, the Snake River falls in thunder 210 feet over a rocky ledge higher than famous Niagara. Indians, trappers, and travellers all knew the "Great Shoshonie." Now the waters upstream have been harnessed for irrigation and power, . . . — Map (db m31520) HM
Idaho (Twin Falls County), Twin Falls — Shoshone FallsThe History of Shoshone Falls Dam
Shoshone Falls Hydroelectric Project. In 1900 Ira B. Perrine began seeking investors for a hydroelectric plant at Shoshone Falls, ultimately forming the Shoshone Falls Power Company on March 9, 1904. In 1907, the site was sold to William S. . . . — Map (db m62971) HM
Idaho (Twin Falls County), Twin Falls — Shoshone Falls Project
Owned and operated by Idaho Power, the Shoshone Falls Hydroelectric Project located on the Snake River, is licensed by the Federal Energy Regulatory Commission as Project No. 2778. The reservoir provides recreation opportunities for boating, . . . — Map (db m26478) HM
Idaho (Valley County), Cascade — 155 — Long Valley Ambush
While hunting stolen horses on Aug. 20, 1878, WM. Monday, Jake Groseclose, Tom Healy, & "Three Finger" Smith were ambushed in a rocky basin 9/10 mile by road from here. Monday and Groseclose were killed immediately, and Healy wounded; Smith, . . . — Map (db m23231) HM
Idaho (Valley County), Smiths Ferry — 496 — Splash Dams
Prior to the arrival of the railroad in 1912, the North Fork of the Payette River provided an avenue for logs destined to downstream mills in Horseshoe Bend and Emmett. In 1903, $100,000 was spent to dynamite open a clear channel in the river. . . . — Map (db m23233) HM
Idaho (Washington County), Cambridge — 185 — Brownlee Ferry
Guiding Oregon Trail emigrants and a party of prospectors who had discovered gold in Boise Basin, Tim Goodale opened a new miners' trail through here in August 1862. A gold rush followed that fall, and John Brownlee operated a ferry here from . . . — Map (db m23227) HM
Idaho (Washington County), Cambridge — 378 — Seven Devils Mines
More than a century ago, miners faced a hopeless problem of hauling copper ore to this canyon for shipment to smelters. They started with Albert Kleinschmidt's road grade down from their mine, more than a vertical mile above Snake River, and more . . . — Map (db m23228) HM
Idaho (Washington County), Weiser — 487 — 11,000 Years of Indian Occupation
The Weiser Valley provided an abundant environment for early hunters and food gatherers. Archaeological excavation along Monroe Creek in conjunction with US-95 realignment yielded one of the most significant prehistoric sites in the region. Spear . . . — Map (db m23220) HM

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