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Mississippi Markers
508 markers matched your search criteria. The first 250 markers are listed. Next 258
Mississippi (Adams County), Natchez — "The Natchez Burning"
(side 1) One of the deadliest fires in American history took the lives of over 200 people, including bandleader Walter Barnes and nine members of his dance orchestra at the Rhythm Club (less than a mile southeast of this site) on April 23, 1940. News of the tragedy reverberated throughout the country, especially among the African American community, and blues performers have recorded memorial songs such as “The Natchez Burning” and “The Mighty Fire” ever since. . . . — Map (db m70811) HM
Mississippi (Adams County), Natchez — Andrew Marschalk
Site of the printery of “father of Mississippi journalism.” Printed first book in state, 1799. Became first public printer and in 1802 founded famed newspaper, “Mississippi Herald.” — Map (db m70851) HM
Mississippi (Adams County), Natchez — Bernardo De Galvez
Don Bernardo de Galvez, Spanish Governor of Louisiana, 1776-1783, in a brilliant campaign, with the aid of regular troops, militia, volunteers, and a few Americans, captured Baton Rouge from the British on September 21, 1779. Terms included the surrender of Fort Panmure in Natchez, which was occupied by Spanish troops on October 5, 1779. The signing of the Treaty of San Lorenzo on October 27, 1795 ended Spanish control of Natchez. — Map (db m76211) HM
Mississippi (Adams County), Natchez — 123 — Bud Scott
(side 1) Clarence “Bud” Scott, Sr., led one of the most popular dance bands in the Mississippi-Louisiana region for several decades beginning around 1900. Scott (1876-1938), a lifelong Natchez resident, was renowned among both white and black audiences. Although the dances were segregated, the entire community could hear Scott when he sang from the balcony of the Natchez Confectionery at this site. Scott’s son, Clarence, Jr., (1908-1940), also known as Bud, led the band in . . . — Map (db m70852) HM
Mississippi (Adams County), Natchez — Commercial Bank Building
Built ca. 1836, this structure, a National Historic Landmark, is a fine example of the Greek Revival style. A Banker’s House attached to the rear insured security & gives the structure an unusual and practical plan. — Map (db m79346) HM
Mississippi (Adams County), Natchez — DAR And The Natchez Trace
Mrs. Egbert Jones and Mrs. Ferriday Byrnes, members of the Mississippi State Society Daughters of the American Revolution (DAR), played important roles in the development of the Natchez Trace Parkway. Mrs. Jones, of Holly Springs, State Regent 1906 - 1908, first proposed to commemorate the Natchez Trace by erecting markers along the historic trail. Mrs. Byrnes, of Natchez, became president of the Natchez Trace Association in 1934 and for over thirty years tirelessly campaigned for the . . . — Map (db m42629) HM
Mississippi (Adams County), Natchez — Forks of the Road
Site of the South's second largest slave market in the 19th century. Enslaved people were also once sold on city streets and at the landing at Natchez Under the Hill. Natchez slaves were freed in July, 1863, when Union troops occupied the city. The Forks of the Road market then became a refuge for hundreds of emancipated people. — Map (db m37433) HM
Mississippi (Adams County), Natchez — Forks of the Road Historical Site
[Panel 1:] Natchez in the Center of Slavery Slavery is central to American history. The labor of enslaved African Americans built much of the nation’s wealth and enabled it to gain its economic independence. The enslavement of people who challenged America’s fundamental commitment to freedom. You are standing at Forks of the Road, the site of several markets where enslaved humans were bought and sold from the 1830s until 1963. This was the center of the trade in Natchez, one . . . — Map (db m41533) HM
Mississippi (Adams County), Natchez — Fort Rosalie
On bluff to south stood Ft. Rosalie, established by the French in 1716. Became nucleus of settlements from which the Mississippi Territory was founded. Near this marker stood the French warehouse that was a center of bloodshed during the Natchez Massacre of 1729. Dedicated December 11, 1988 by the Mississippi State Society Daughters of the American Revolution Mrs. D. Kelly Love, State Regent — Map (db m5143) HM
Mississippi (Adams County), Natchez — Jefferson Street Methodist Church
This was the first Methodist congregration in Natchez formed in the early 1800s, and the 1st building was constructed in 1807. The 1st Sunday School south of Philadelphia, Pa., was organized here in 1829. — Map (db m29749) HM
Mississippi (Adams County), Natchez — Natchez
First Settled by French 1716-29. Lasting growth came with Britain, 1763-1779, and Spain, 1779-98. Cotton and trade made it commercial and cultural capital of Old South. — Map (db m4479) HM
Mississippi (Adams County), Natchez — Natchez City Cemetery
Established in 1822 on a ten acre tract, this cemetery grew into a park notable for its variety of 19th century iron and marble work. People of all walks of life are buried within the cemetery. — Map (db m50659) HM
Mississippi (Adams County), Natchez — Richard N. Wright
Noted African-American author of Native Son and Black Boy was born in 1908 near Natchez, where he spent his early childhood. His lifelong quest for freedom led him to Paris, France, where he died in 1960. — Map (db m10059) HM
Mississippi (Adams County), Natchez — Rosalie Cemetery
This marker is placed as a memorial to those early settlers of Natchez whose buried remains were discovered here during the Natchez Bluffs Stabilization Project in 1999. This bluff was originally part of the property purchased on December 22, 1820, by Peter Little, the builder of Rosalie. The Mississippi State Society Daughters of the American Revolution (MSSDAR) acquired the bluff in the 1970s after purchasing Rosalie in 1938. The remains of four persons were exhumed and studied by . . . — Map (db m50696) HM
Mississippi (Adams County), Natchez — Site of Bank of Mississippi
Chartered in 1809 as the only bank in Mississippi Territory and given a monopoly as the official state bank in 1818. It occupied this site in 1826 but was supplanted by Planters' Bank in 1831. Closed solvent. — Map (db m70854) HM
Mississippi (Adams County), Natchez — Spanish Colonial Natchez1779 ~ 1798
Following acquisition of the Natchez District in 1779, the Spanish founded the City of Natchez ca.1790 to serve as the capital. Under Governor Manuel Gayoso, the city was planned and surveyed by John Girault in a typical Spanish grid plan around a central plaza and church with a common, on the bluff of the Mississippi River. Dedicated March 27, 1998 by the Mississippi State Society Daughters of the American Revolution, Mrs. Erwin Connel Ward, State Regent, to commemorate the . . . — Map (db m10058) HM
Mississippi (Adams County), Natchez — Temple B'Nai IsraelEstablished 1843
Jewish Americans have been part of Mississippi’s economic, social and political life since the 1780’s. In 1843, the Jewish community of Natchez grew large enough to organize and sustain the state’s first permanent religious congregation, Temple B’Nai Israel (Children of Israel). In 1867 the congregation purchased property on Washington and Commerce streets, building its permanent synagogue in 1872. Temple B’Nai Israel became a charter member of the Union of American Hebrew Congregations in . . . — Map (db m79345) HM
Mississippi (Adams County), Natchez — The First Presbyterian Church
Congregation organized in 1817. The Sanctuary was built in 1828-29 and enlarged in 1851. The Romanesque Revival rear addition was built in 1900 in honor of Joseph Stratton, Pastor, 1843-1903. The church and its companion manse on South Rankin Street are two of the finest Federal style buildings in Mississippi. — Map (db m19027) HM
Mississippi (Adams County), Natchez — The Natchez Trace
Marked by the Daughters of the American Revolution in Mississippi 1909. This historic thoroughfare from Natchez to Nashville, Tenn. was used as a mail route in 1796. Although it was a well known Indian trail in far earlier days. — Map (db m4555) HM
Mississippi (Adams County), Natchez — William Johnson HouseNatchez, Mississippi — Friends of Libraries U.S.A. Literary Landmark
William Johnson 1809-1851 was a free African American Businessman and Diarist. His diary, covering the period from 1835-1851 and published in 1951, contains an extensive description of everyday pre-Civil War life; it is a valuable contribution to the literature of the antebellum South. His home is designated a Literary Landmark by Friends of Libraries, U.S.A. United States National Park Service - February 26, 2005. Friends of Judge George W. Armstrong Library. Friends of . . . — Map (db m34877) HM
Mississippi (Adams County), Stanton — Emerald Mound
Before you is the second largest temple mound in the United States. Only Monks Mound in Cahokia, Illinois, is larger. This eight acre mound, constructed from a natural hill, was built and used from about 1300 to 1600 by the Mississippians, ancestors of the Natchez Indians. Unlike dome shaped mounds constructed only for burials, Emerald Mound supported temples, ceremonial structures, and burials of a complex society's civic and religious leaders. — Map (db m61974) HM
Mississippi (Adams County), Stanton — Loess Bluff
This bluff shows a deep deposit of windblown topsoil known as loess (pronounced LOW–ess). It was formed during the Ice Age when glaciers covered the northern half of the United States.    At this time nearly continuous duststorms swept in from the western plains and covered this area with windblown dust to a depth of 30 to 90 feet. Here it rests on sands and clays of an ancient sea. It originally covered a vast region but in this area is now confined to a strip east of . . . — Map (db m62182) HM
Mississippi (Alcorn County), Corinth — "A beehive of Activity..."A look at Civil War Corinth — --through the eyes of wartime artists and photographers
Tents, army wagons and soldiers crowd the area around the railway depot and Tishomingo Hotel in this view. Over the course of the war it is estimated that about 300,000 troops served in Corinth or passed through this railroad junction. Civilians, including families of army officers, also came to Corinth. Some, such as nine-year-old Maude Morrow, daughter of a Union Army doctor, wrote of their experience. Maude described living in the old Tishomingo Hotel in 1862. "We...were given headquarter in . . . — Map (db m51752) HM
Mississippi (Alcorn County), Corinth — "Decision at the Crossroads" Corinth: October 4, 1862
On the morning of October 4, 1862, nearly 20,000 Confederates under Maj. Gen. Earl Van Dorn launched a massive assault on Maj. Gen. William S. Rosecrans' 20,000 Federal soldiers defending the interior line of Corinth's entrenchments. Attacking from the north and northwest, the Confederates breached the Union line at Battery Powell. A fierce street battle developed as rebel fought yankee from house to house as the fighting pressed into town. Here in front (north) of the Tishomingo Hotel, . . . — Map (db m63296) HM
Mississippi (Alcorn County), Corinth — Batte of Corinth - 1862
Site of Battery Williams. On Oct. 4 the cannonade from here devastated the Confederate troops attacking battery Robinette. The advance failed, forcing Gen. Van Dorn to withdraw his forces. — Map (db m50324) HM
Mississippi (Alcorn County), Corinth — Battery FBattle of Corinth
Only extant redan of six built in 1862 by U.S. troops as outer defense south and west of town. Taken on Oct. 3, 1862, by C.S. forces after fierce fighting. Battle resumed on Oct. 4, but C.S. troops forced to withdraw. — Map (db m66613) HM
Mississippi (Alcorn County), Corinth — Battle of Corinth1862
Site of Battery Williams. On Oct. 4 the cannonade from here devastated the Confederate troops attacking battery Robinette. The advance failed, forcing Gen. Van Dorn to withdraw his forces. — Map (db m66590) HM
Mississippi (Alcorn County), Corinth — Battle of Corinth Battery F!st. Day, October 3, 1862
The South suffered a strategic disaster when Corinth and its railroads fell to Union forces on May 30, 1862. The destruction of the Union force garrisoned in Corinth and recapture of this rail center quickly became vital Confederate objectives. In late September, 22,000 troops under Maj. Gens. Earl Van Dorn and Sterling Price marched toward Corinth to accomplish this. On the morning of October 3, the Confederates attacked from the northwest, driving in Union pickets and slowly pushing the . . . — Map (db m66676) HM
Mississippi (Alcorn County), Corinth — C.S.A. Rifle Pit
S. 3/10 mi. to rear of school. Of unique circular design, about 50 ft. in diameter, this pit was one of series built in 1862 as second line of defence against US troops advancing from Shiloh. — Map (db m50318) HM
Mississippi (Alcorn County), Corinth — Corinth
Began 1854 as Cross City. Proximity to Tennessee River and the railroads made it of great strategic value during Civil War. Battle of Corinth fought here, Oct. 3-2, 1862. — Map (db m21305) HM
Mississippi (Alcorn County), Corinth — Corinth
Began 1854 as Cross City, Proximity to Tennessee River and the railroads made it of great strategic value during the Civil War. Battle of Corinth fought here, Oct. 3-4, 1862. — Map (db m66533) HM
Mississippi (Alcorn County), Corinth — Corinth Confederate Memorial
In Memory of Confederate soldiers April -May 1862 who died from wounds or disease in the Siege of Corinth — Map (db m37280) HM
Mississippi (Alcorn County), Corinth — Corinth Panorama -- 1862
This view of Corinth appeared in Frank Leslie's Illustrated Newspaper, June 21, 1862, not long after the Union army captured the town. Despite some inaccuracies, it depicts a scene familiar to many thousands of troops from both armies. The Tishomingo Hotel is partly hidden by the railway station on the right. Prominent in the center background is the Corinth House, a popular hotel. The row of commercial buildings on the left faces Cruise Street. — Map (db m51758) HM
Mississippi (Alcorn County), Corinth — Fillmore Street Chapel
Corinth's oldest church bldg.; erected 1871 by Cumberland Presbyterian Church, the First church est. in Corinth. 1906~1976 served as Fillmore St. Pres. Ch. Now used as chapel by First United Methodist Church. — Map (db m28472) HM
Mississippi (Alcorn County), Corinth — FT. Robinette
W. 1/2 mi. Now Confederate Park. Here, Oct. 5, 1862, during Battle of Corinth, occurred a C.S.A. charge as heedless of cost as those of Pickett at Gettysburg and Light Brigade at Balaclava. — Map (db m66738) HM
Mississippi (Alcorn County), Corinth — Generals' Headquarters
Built about 1857 for Hamilton Mask. Used in Civil War as Hq. of Generals Braxton Bragg, H.W. Halleck, and John B. Hood. Donated to Corinth in 1960 by S.H. Curlee family. — Map (db m66558) HM
Mississippi (Alcorn County), Corinth — Grant’s Headquarters
Site of hq. of Gen. Ulysses Simpson Grant in June, 1862. In mid-July Grant removed to plantation home of F. E. Whitfield, Sr., about 1 mi. S. of Corinth. — Map (db m21157) HM
Mississippi (Alcorn County), Corinth — Henry Cemetery
Founded in 1879 by the Milton B. Henry family on land sold by the Chickasaws to the U.S. government in 1832. Henry purchased 160 acres in 1856. Robert Henry Young, an infant grandson of M.B. Henry, was the first person buried here. The Henry Cemetery was incorporated on September 4, 1906. — Map (db m66591) HM
Mississippi (Alcorn County), Corinth — Johnston's Headquarters
Site of Hq. of Gen. Albert Sidney Johnston, April 1~4, 1862. After his death at Shiloh, April 6, body was brought here where it lay in state, April 7, 1862. — Map (db m29280) HM
Mississippi (Alcorn County), Corinth — Oak Home
Built in 1857 for Judge W.H. Kilpatrick. Used in Civil War as headquarters of General Leonidas Polk. Bought in 1866 by Mrs. Thomas Quincy Martin and occupied continuously by her descendants. — Map (db m66557) HM
Mississippi (Alcorn County), Corinth — Oak HomeA look at Civil War Corinth — Through the eyes of wartime artists and photographers.
Judge W.H. Kilpatrick of Corinth had Oak Home built in 1857 by Tom Chesney, a local house designer and builder. Mr. M.S. Miller, a civil engineer working in Corinth shortly before the war, made this sketch in 1860, the only known Civil War vintage picture of Oak Home. Miller notes that a wood fence surrounded the whole block abd that the "fine house" was straw-colored with a yellow door bordered by sidelights. Gen. Leonidas Polk, C.S.A. occupied Oak Home in 1862 until the siege of Corinth . . . — Map (db m66700) HM
Mississippi (Alcorn County), Corinth — Retreat From Battery F
This 5-gun Union battery stood between the attacking Confederates and Corinth's inner defenses. As the Battle of Corinth progressed, Confederate troops of Brig. Gen. Dabney H. Maury's division crossed the railroad and attacked from the north; Maj. Gen. Mansfield Lovell's division swung around to the south and flanked the battery. Faced with this indefensible position the Federals abandoned Battery F and withdrew to Corinth's inner defensive works. — Map (db m66689) HM
Mississippi (Alcorn County), Corinth — Site of Rose CottageA look at Civil War Corinth — through the eyes of wartime artists and photographers
Among Corinth’s countless stories of personal wartime tragedy is that of General Albert Sidney Johnston, Confederate Commander of the War in the West , who made his headquarters in Rose Cottage. After Johnston received a fatal wound at the Battle of Shiloh, his body was returned to Corinth where it lay in state in Rose Cottage. The Confederacy suffered a great loss with the death of this commander, a close personal friend of Jefferson Davis, president of the Confederate States of America. — Map (db m29291) HM
Mississippi (Alcorn County), Corinth — Site of the Corinth House Hotel
The Corinth House stood in the distance, facing the historic railroad crossing and the Tishomingo Hotel. This photograph shows it after the Union Army occupied Corinth. In the exciting months before Corinth fell to the Union Army in 1862, townsfolk and Confederate soldiers crowded its hotels, attending dances, parties and other social events. Shortly before the Battle of Shiloh Mr. and Mrs. Pannell, owners of the Corinth House during the war, hosted a grand Confederate Ball attended by . . . — Map (db m51757) HM
Mississippi (Alcorn County), Corinth — Site of the Provost Marshal's OfficeA look at Civil War Corinth — Through the eyes of wartime artists and photographers.
The Moss House, one of Corinth's popular hotels, stood across this intersection. When the Union army occupied Corinth in 1862, the Provost Marshal established headquarters in the building. Army officers who served as provost marshal had the responsibility for policing and maintaining order among both military and civilian occupants of the town. The hotel served as a hospital after the Battles of Shiloh and Corinth. Unlike many of Corinth's buildings, the Moss House survived the war and . . . — Map (db m66739) HM
Mississippi (Alcorn County), Corinth — Texas Memorial
(Front): Texas remembers the valor and devotion of its sons which served at Corinth and its surrounding environs during the Western Campaign of 1862. Here in the days following the retreat of Southern forces from the battlefield of Shiloh, two Confederate armies combined to defend the strategic railroad crossing at Corinth. Texans from 18 different units assisted in the defense until heavily outnumbered. The Confederates were compelled to abandon the city on the 30th of May. In . . . — Map (db m42632) HM
Mississippi (Alcorn County), Corinth — The Old Tishomingo HotelA look at Civil War Corinth — --through the eyes of wartime artists and photographers
Here, at the hub of activity in 1862, stood the Tishomingo Hotel. The railway station (hidden by the train) is at the crossing of the Mobile & Ohio and Memphis & Charleston railroads. The Tishomingo was popular as an unofficial railway station and following the Battle of Shiloh it housed a Confederate hospital. Union forces occupying Corinth continued its use as a hospital. Visible in this photograph, taken after the Confederates abandoned Corinth on May 29, 1862, is a small . . . — Map (db m51753) HM
Mississippi (Alcorn County), Corinth — Union Troops at CorinthA look at Civil War Corinth — --through the eyes of wartime artists and photographers
Not a "spit and polish" outfit, but tough and practical fighters. A Civil War photographer caught this group in a candid mode. Before the 1850s, the public's conception of battle formed mostly from romanticized drawings and paintings. Photography changed that image during the Crimean War and the American Civil War, with pictures showing things the way they really ware. The photographer took this picture in the vicinity of the Tishomingo Hotel and railway station. A tent encampment can be seen . . . — Map (db m51755) HM
Mississippi (Alcorn County), Corinth — View Toward Batteries Robinett and WilliamsA Look at Civil War Corinth — through the eyes of wartime artists and photographers
Looking northwest in this view along the right-of-way of the Memphis & Charleston RR, you can see the earthworks of Battery Williams to the left of the tracks. Battery Robinett lies in the distance to the right. One of the many military tent camps in Corinth lie Robinetts between the foreground and Battery Robinett. In the Battle of Corinth, the Confederates attack focused upon the area where you are standing. Union forces finally halted the Confederate effort to regain Corinth in the savage fighting at Battery Robinett. — Map (db m29273) HM
Mississippi (Alcorn County), Jacinto — Jacinto
E. 9 mi. Founded 1836 as seat of “Old” Tishomingo, including present Alcorn & Prentiss counties. Named for battle of San Jacinto. Courthouse dates from 1854. Lost county seat, 1870. Home of Sen. E.W. Carmack. — Map (db m77399) HM
Mississippi (Attala County), Kosciusko — MFWC Birthplace
The Mississippi Federation of Women’s Clubs was founded here on May 25, 1898. Organized by Mrs. Fannie Clark Coleman of Kosciusko, charter clubs included Clarksdale, Jackson, Verona, Sallis, Okolona, Vicksburg, and Meridian. Mrs. D.N. Hebron was elected as the first president. The MFWC joined the General Federation in 1904. — Map (db m72683) HM
Mississippi (Benton County), Michigan City — Mississippi Central R.R. Campaign
On October 14, 1862, Confederate Gen. John Pemberton assumed command in Mississippi and east Louisiana. Eleven days later, Gen. Ulysses Grant became commander of Union forces in the region. Over the next 8½ months, their forces fought for control of Vicksburg and the Mississippi River. On November 2, Grant moved down the Mississippi Central R.R. and established an advance supply base at Grand Junction, Tennessee on the 4th. By November 28, the Federals were camped at Lamar, six miles south of here. — Map (db m84782) HM
Mississippi (Carroll County), Coila — Sgt. John A. PittmanMedal of Honor
The Medal of Honor is the highest award for valor in action against an enemy force which can be bestowed upon an individual serving in the Armed Services of the United States of America. Sgt. Pittman earned this medal by his actions in Korea on 26 November 1950 as a Sergeant in the U.S. Army. His actions were “above and beyond the call of duty” The Medal was conferred upon him by President Harry Truman. — Map (db m62805) WM
Mississippi (Chickasaw County), Houston — Bynum Mounds
(Marker #1) Prehistoric Trade Raw materials and articles from distant areas reached the Indians of the Bynum site by trade along trails that were the forerunners of the Natchez Trace.
  • Spool-shaped objects made of copper filled with lead were found with Bynum burials.
  • Flint for tools and weapons came from as far away at the region of Ohio.
  • Green stone for polished celts (axes) was obtained from the Alabama-Tennessee Piedmont.
  • Marine shells came from the . . . — Map (db m84830) HM
Mississippi (Chickasaw County), New Houlka — Archaeology at Owl Creek MoundsEarly Archaeology - Mound II
The first archaeological work at Owl Creek Mounds was supervised by Moreau Chambers in August, 1935. He was employed by the Mississippi Department of Archives and History and assisted by Slater Gordon. E.T. Winston, a Pontotoc journalist and local historian, also helped. The crew, hired by the Federal Employment Relief Administration, was composed of local men. Excerpt from Chambers’ diary Saturday, August 10, 1935 “During the morning I took Mr. Winston into Pontotoc to . . . — Map (db m84697) HM
Mississippi (Chickasaw County), New Houlka — Archaeology at Owl Creek MoundsModern-Day Archaeology - Mound I
In the summers of 1991 and 1992, archaeology field schools from Mississippi State University worked to learn more about the site. Most of the excavations were done on top of Mounds I and II, with small test units dug into Mounds III, IV, and V. Broken pieces of pottery and other artifacts were recovered. Information on pits, buildings, and mound construction stages was also gathered. Because the mounds contained few artifacts, they probably were used for short-term ceremonies rather than . . . — Map (db m84698) HM
Mississippi (Chickasaw County), New Houlka — Archaeology Determines the Age of Owl Creek Mounds
Owl Creek Mounds were built between 800 and 900 years ago and were used for only about 100 years. This was determined by the dating of charcoal samples collected at the site and by studying the artifacts and type of building remains found in the mounds. Artifacts provide an easy method for establishing the time period of a site. Pottery, even in broken pieces, works especially well. For example, people of the Mississippian culture made pots with crushed mussel sheel added to the clay as . . . — Map (db m84699) HM
Mississippi (Chickasaw County), New Houlka — De Soto's ExpeditionWas Owl Creek the Town of Chicasa?
Hernando De Soto landed in Florida at Tampa Bay in May, 1539. His army numbered around 800 Spaniards including two women. He also had 240 horses and several pigs. The expedition traveled through the Southeast to Texas and returned to the Mississippi River to float down to the Gulf of Mexico. Only about 300 Spaniards survived the four-year journey to reach Mexico in September of 1543. Chicasa was a village occupied by the Chickasaw Indians. The Chickasaws attacked and burned their own . . . — Map (db m84690) HM
Mississippi (Chickasaw County), New Houlka — Owl Creek MoundsA Ceremonial Site and Its Surrounding Area
The first humans came to North America by crossing the Bering Strait land bridge, which connected Siberia and Alaska. Their descendants arrived in this part of Mississippi nearly 12,000 years ago. The oldest mounds in the state were built by people who hunted animals and gathered wild plants for food. Later mounds were the handiwork of prehistoric farmers. The Owl Creek Mounds site was built and used by farming people belonging to the Mississippian culture, A.D. 1000 to 1500. The Owl Creek . . . — Map (db m84696) HM
Mississippi (Chickasaw County), Woodland — Old Trace
Preserved here is a portion of a nearly 200-year old road – the Old Natchez Trace. Maintaining this 500-mile long wilderness road in the early 1800's was a difficult if not hopeless task.      As you look down the sunken trench note the large trees growing on the edge of the 10-foot wide strip we clear today. These trees are mute testimony to the endless struggle between man to alter and change, and nature to reclaim, restore, and heal. — Map (db m84832) HM
Mississippi (Choctaw County), Ackerman — Ackerman
Chartered February 16, 1884, upon the arrival of the Canton, Aberdeen, & Nashville Railroad, and named for the company's president, William K. Ackerman. Since 1896 county seat of Choctaw County. — Map (db m51200) HM
Mississippi (Choctaw County), Ackerman — Coleman's Mill
On Yockanookany, 1/2 mi. S., was built in 1836 water mill of W.R. Coleman of Fairfield Co. S.C., first white settler after Choctaw cession in Treaty of Dancing Rabbit Creek — Map (db m51198) HM
Mississippi (Choctaw County), Ackerman — 139 — Two Steps From The BluesMississippi Blues Trail Marker
"Two Steps From the Blues" might refer to Choctaw County's location, a bit off the path from the well-known blues highways and byways of Mississippi, but it is also the title of a classic blues song written by a native of Ackerman, "Texas" Johnny Brown. The son of another Ackerman bluesman, Cranston Exerville "Clarence" Brown, Johnny was born in 1928 and moved to Texas in the 1940s. Other blues artists from the county have included Levester "Big Lucky" Carter and Therley "Speedy" Ashford, who . . . — Map (db m51199) HM
Mississippi (Claiborne County), Port Gibson — Battle of Port Gibson
On May 1, 1863, Confederate forces under Brig. Gen. John Bowen clashed with elements of two Union corps commanded by Maj. Gen. U.S. Grant. The battle began around midnight near the Shaifer House four miles west of town. At dawn, the Federals advanced against the flanks of Bowen’s line posted on the Rodney and Bruinsburg roads, but separated by deep ravines. Forced back two miles, Bowen was finally compelled by overwhelming numbers to withdraw after 5 p.m. Two months later, Vicksburg surrendered. — Map (db m35542) HM
Mississippi (Claiborne County), Port Gibson — Bayou Pierre Presbyterian Church
Following the arrival of Presbyterian missionaries in 1801, Joseph Bullen and James Smylie organized the Bayou Pierre Church at this site in 1807. After part of the congregation formed the Bethel Church southwest of here in 1824, the remaining members moved to Port Gibson. The church was renamed First Presbyterian Church of Port Gibson in 1828. During the Battle of Port Gibson, fought on May 1, 1863, the 20th Alabama Infantry was posted here, anchoring the right flank of Confederate Brig. General Edward D. Tracy's Brigade. — Map (db m70394) HM
Mississippi (Claiborne County), Port Gibson — Grindstone Ford
This ford marked the beginning of the wilderness of the Choctaw nation and the end of the old Natchez District. Nearby Fort Deposit was a supply depot for troops clearing the Trace in 1801-02, and troops were assembled here during the Burr conspiracy allegedly to separate the Western States from the Union. The site takes its name from a nearby water mill. The trail to your left takes you to the Old Trace and Grindstone Ford. — Map (db m61981) HM
Mississippi (Claiborne County), Port Gibson — Rabbit Foot Minstrels — Mississippi Blues Trail
[front:] Rabbit Foot Minstrels. During the first half of the 20th century, the African American Rabbit Foot Minstrels entertainers played a major role in spreading the blues via tours across the South. Founded in 1900, the “Foots” were headquartered in Port Gibson between 1918 and 1950 under owner F.S. Wolcott. Notable members included Gertrude “Ma” Rainey, Ida Cox, Louis Jordan, and Rufus Thomas. [logo:] Mississippi Blues Commission, est. 2003. . . . — Map (db m35545) HM
Mississippi (Claiborne County), Port Gibson — Windsor Ruins
Smith Coffee Daniell II, a successful cotton planter, completed construction of Windsor in 1861. Daniell owned 21,000 acres of plantation land in Louisiana and Mississippi. Ironically, he died in April 1861, only weeks after completing his mansion. His wife and children continued to live at Windsor but were left to suffer the loss of much of the family's holdings during the Civil War. Windsor's basic style was Greek Revival but with added details borrowed from Italianate and Gothic . . . — Map (db m70541) HM
Mississippi (Claiborne County), Utica — The Town of Rocky Springs
At the end of this trail is evidence of a once thriving rural community. First settled in the late 1790's, the town grew from a watering place along the Natchez Trace, and took its name from the source of that water - the Rocky Spring. In 1860, a total of 2,616 people lived in this area covering about 25 square miles. The population of the town proper included 3 merchants, 4 physicians, 4 teachers, 3 clergy and 13 artisans; while the surrounding farming community included 54 planters, 28 . . . — Map (db m80147) HM
Mississippi (Clarke County), Enterprise — Enterprise
Center of early trade on Chickasawhay River with Gulf Coast. Served during Civil War as location of hospital and prison camp and temporary refuge of the State Government. — Map (db m84213) HM
Mississippi (Clarke County), Quitman — Clarke County Confederate Soldiers Monument
To the Confederate Soldiers Though Your Ranks Now Fast are Melting and the Stars and Bars are Furled, Yet the South Will Live Forever In the Glory Of Your World. Clarke County’s Tribute to The Noble Men Who Marched Neath the Flag Of the Stars And Bars and Were Faithful To the End. — Map (db m84239) WM
Mississippi (Clarke County), Quitman — Clarke County War Memorial
Lest We Forget Dedicated To the Memory Of All Persons Of Clarke County, Mississippi Who Gave Their Lives In the Service Of Our Country World War I Army Bartee, George A. PVT • Boutwell, Lewis L. PVT • Butler, Brist H. PVT • Goodman, William C. PVT • Graham, Ira W. PVT • Harger, Linton L. PVT • Hayes, Will PVT • Kennedy, William S. PVT • Lawson, Erma W. PVT • Long, Willis PVT • McKenney, James E. PVT • Mixon, Thomas J. PVT • Nichols, Robert L. PVT • Patrick, . . . — Map (db m84241) HM
Mississippi (Clay County), West Point — Howlin WolfMississippi Blues Trail
One of the giants of post-World War II Chicago blues, Chester Arthur Burnett, aka “Howlin’ Wolf,” was born in White Station, just north of West Point, on June 10, 1910. In his early teens Burnett began performing in the Delta and was later a pioneer in electrifying the Delta blues. After moving north, Burnett nonetheless remained a strong presence on the Mississippi blues scene by returning home often for visits and performances. (Back): An imposing figure both . . . — Map (db m50299) HM
Mississippi (Clay County), West Point — Waverley
E. 10 mi. Plantation home built c. 1852 by Geo. H. Young. Octagonal cupola. Gen. N.B. Forrest visited here during the Civil War. National Fox Hunters Assn. organized here. — Map (db m50160) HM
Mississippi (Clay County), West Point — Waverley
W. 5 mi. Built in 1852 by Col. Geo. H. Young, who used own plant for gas lighting. In Civil War housed refugee girls from Memphis & New Orleans, Site of organization of National Fox Hunters Association. — Map (db m51202) HM
Mississippi (Clay County), West Point — West Point
County seat of Clay ( formerly Colfax ) county. Chartered November 20, 1858, one year after the arrival of the Mobile and Ohio Railroad. — Map (db m50298) HM
Mississippi (Copiah County), Crystal Springs — Bus-Train Collision of 1942
On August 5, 1942. a southbound train collided with a westbound bus, killing fifteen bus passengers and injuring many more. The Greyhound bus, traveling from New Orleans to Jackson, stopped at the east side of the Marion Avenue railroad crossing to await the passing of a northbound freight train. As the last train car passed, the bus crossed the tracks and was struck in the rear by an unseen southbound troop train. Of the fifty-two bus passengers, twenty-six were U.S. Army Air Corps cadets. — Map (db m50894) HM
Mississippi (Copiah County), Crystal Springs — Tommy JohnsomMississippi Blues Trail Marker
Tommy Johnson (1896-November 1,1956) was one of the most influential blues artists in Mississippi in the 1920s and 1930s. He grew up in the Crystal Springs area, where he often performed with his brothers LeDell and Mager. His original songs, which were widely covered by others, included “Canned Heat Blues,” “Big Road Blues,” and “Cool Drink of Water Blues.” He is buried in the Warm Springs Methodist Church cemetery north of town. (Back): Tommy . . . — Map (db m50895) HM
Mississippi (Copiah County), Hazelhurst — Hazelhurst
Named for chief engineer of first Jackson - New Orleans railway. Last spike driven here on March 31, 1858. Town was raided by Grierson in 1863. Shipping point for cattle, truck crops, and lumber. — Map (db m50893) HM
Mississippi (Copiah County), Hazelhurst — Mrs. Annie Coleman Peyton(1852 - 1894)
Mississippi State College for Women, first state supported college for women in the U.S. was founded in 1884 through the efforts of Mrs Peyton, a citizen of Hazelhurst. — Map (db m50892) HM
Mississippi (Copiah County), Hazelhurst — Robert Johnson Birthplace
Robert Johnson born Hazelhurst, Mississippi May 8, 1911 Copiah County Map (db m50874) HM
Mississippi (Copiah County), Hazlehurst — Robert Johnson
~Front~ The legendary bluesman Robert Johnson was born on the northern outskirts of Hazlehurst to Julia Majors and Noah Johnson, on May 8, 1911 (or possibly 1912). Johnson lived in Tunica County and in Memphis as a child, but in the early 1930s he returned for a stay in the Hazlehurst area, where he honed his skills playing with local blues guitarist Ike Zinnerman. ~Back~ Robert Johnson whose body of twenty-nine recordings from 1936-37 is widely regarded as an artistic high point of . . . — Map (db m81864) HM
Mississippi (Forrest County), Brooklyn — Forrest County Agricultural High School
Created in 1911 by an act of the Mississippi Legislature, as an agricultural boarding school. Set on 320 acres of donated land. Students from across the United States, Mississippi and several foreign countries have been educated here. In 1996 FCAHS was listed as a Mississippi Landmark. — Map (db m50077) HM
Mississippi (Forrest County), Camp Shelby — 2127 — Camp Shelby
Following activation for service in both WWI and WWII, Ky. Guard units, as part of the 38th Inf. Div. were sent to Camp Shelby for training in preparation for war. Ky. National Guard units trained at Camp Shelby during WWI and WWII: 75th Brig.; 149th Inf. Reg.; 63rd Fld. Arty. Brig.; 1st and 2nd Battalion, 138th Fld. Arty. Presented by Ky. Dept. of Military Affair Map (db m71589) HM
Mississippi (Forrest County), Dixie — Dixie School Log Cabin
Citizens of the Dixie community built this structure 1/4 mile southeast of this site in the 1930s to serve as a cafeteria during the Depression era. The log cabin has also served as a meeting place, music hall and classroom. In 2003 the cabin was relocated to this site. Sponsor-M.A.R.C.L. Chapter 2583 U.D.C. — Map (db m56534) HM
Mississippi (Forrest County), Hattiesburg — Centennial of Hattiesburg
[West Side] Formerly Choctaw Territory and later claimed by France, Britain, Spain and United States, this area entered by settlers in early 1800s and known as Ewin Forks, later Gordonville. Chosen as rail center by Captain William H. Hardy in 1880 and later renamed Hattisburg after his wife, Hattie Lott. Incorporated in 1884, the city grew as rail timber and mercantile hub of south Mississippi. becoming major center of yellow pine industry and by 1911, state's fourth largest . . . — Map (db m58885) HM
Mississippi (Forrest County), Hattiesburg — Forrest County Confederate Monument
[Northeast Inscription]: C.S.A. To the Men and Women of the Confederacy 1861-1865 [Southwest Inscription]: When their county called they held back nothing. They cheerfully gave their property and their lives. Through the devotion and untiring efforts of the Hattiesburg Chapter No. 422 of the United Daughters of the Confederacy, this monument is erected to the honor and memory of those who wore the gray. — Map (db m39867) HM
Mississippi (Forrest County), Hattiesburg — HattiesburgThe Hub City
[Southeast]: "...I was returning from the trip and had reached the banks of a beautiful piney woods stream...during July or perhaps August 1800." "...I then, and there, determined to locate a station here because it was the place where cross the New Orleans and
[Northeast]: Erected to Commemorate the Centennial of Hattiesburg 1982 City of . . . — Map (db m76703) HM
Mississippi (Forrest County), Hattiesburg — Hub City Lodge No 627
Free and Accepted Masons Commemorates 96 Years of Masonry in Hattiesburg 1886 - 1982 and 100th Anniversary of Hattiesburg, Miss Faith - Hope - Charity July 16, 1982 Organized 1959 Chartered 1960 — Map (db m39897) HM
Mississippi (Forrest County), Hattiesburg — McLeod House
This Property has been placed on the National Register of Historic Places by the United States Department of the Interior McLeod House 1897 — Map (db m39904) HM
Mississippi (Forrest County), Hattiesburg — Old Federal Building
[Right Plaque]: This Building, the Old Federal Building has been listed on the National Register of Historic Places by the U.S. Department of Interior September 1973 • • • Supervised by architect James Knox Taylor, this first federal building in Hattiesburg was completed in 1910 as the U.S. Post Office, and served as such until 1932 when the present Post Office, across Pine Street, was completed. The building was remodeled in 1939 to serve the Hattiesburg . . . — Map (db m44961) HM
Mississippi (Forrest County), Hattiesburg — Old Hattiesburg High School
Under the direction of Principal J.T. Wallace, this building was Hattiesburg's High School from 1922 to 1959. Built in 1911, the structure acquired its present form when enlarged and remodeled in 1921 to the designs of Robert E. Lee, the city's most prominent architect of the early twentieth century. — Map (db m39906) HM
Mississippi (Forrest County), Hattiesburg — Veterans of All Wars Monument
Army Air Force Navy Marine For God and County Allen B. Carter Post No. 24 and Is Auxiliary Unit The American Legion, Hattiesburg, Miss. Dedicates This Monument to The Veterans of All Wars Living or Dead — Map (db m76704) HM
Mississippi (Forrest County), Hattiesburg — William Carey College
E. 1 mi. Founded 1906 as S. Miss. College. Operated by Bapt. as Miss. Woman's College 1911-40. Coeducational 1953. Name changed to honor William Carey, 18th century English missionary. — Map (db m39896) HM
Mississippi (Forrest County), Hattiesburg — William Harris Hardy
In 1880 near the banks of Gordon Creek, this lawyer, railroad builder and Confederate veteran selected the site for Hattiesburg. Incorporated in 1884, the town was named for Hardy's wife, Hattie Lott. — Map (db m40050) HM
Mississippi (Forrest County), Hattiesburg — William Harris Hardy1837 - 1917 — Lawyer Statesman Soldier
Builder of Railroads Pioneer in the Development of the Resources of South Mississippi Founder of the Cities of Hattiesburg and Gulfport A Dreamer Whose dreams Came True — Map (db m76705) HM
Mississippi (Forrest County), Maxie — Old West Florida
Area to south, originally part of French Louisiana, became West Florida under England and Spain. After West Florida Revolution annexed by U. S. and in 1812 was added to the Mississippi Territory. — Map (db m39002) HM
Mississippi (George County), Lucedale — "Ornamental Nursery Capital of Mississippi"
In 1898, E.E. Bolen established a nursery and orchard company in George County. Other wholesale nurseries were established in the early 1900s. The production of ornamental plants, trees and shrubs has since become a thriving commercial industry in the area. — Map (db m56545) HM
Mississippi (Hancock County), Bay St. Louis — 132 — 100 Men D.B.A. Hall
Front The 100 Men D.B.A. Hall, a longtime center of African American social life and entertainment, was built in 1922 by the One Hundred Members’ Debating Benevolent Association. Over the years the association sponsored many events and also rented the hall to promoters who brought in blues, rhythm & blues, and jazz acts. Local residents have recalled performances by Etta James, Big Joe Turner, Guitar Slim, Irma Thomas, Professor Longhair, Ernie K-Doe, Deacon John, Earl King, and . . . — Map (db m80992) HM
Mississippi (Hancock County), Bay St. Louis — Naval Battle of Bay St. Louis
On Dec. 14, 1814, five U.S. gunboats fired on a British fleet entering Lake Borgne. Their action was the last naval defense of the U.S. before the victory of General Andrew Jackson at New Orleans. — Map (db m78939) HM
Mississippi (Hancock County), Bay St. Louis — Publius Rutilius Rufus Pray
Born in Maine, 1793, Hancock Co. judge. Served in Miss. House of Representatives, 1827 - 29. Pres. of St. Const. Conven., 1832. Elected judge of High Court of Errors and Appeals, 1837. Died 1840. — Map (db m80400) HM
Mississippi (Hancock County), Bay St. Louis — St. Augustine’s Seminary
Founded 1920 in Greenville, Miss., by Divine Word Missionaries. Moved to Bay St. Louis, 1923. Oldest existing Catholic seminary in Miss. for training of young men as missionary brothers & priests. — Map (db m81044) HM
Mississippi (Hancock County), Gainesville — Gainesville Volunteers
In 1860, Mark Deason, a Mexican War Veteran, organized a militia compnay here. The "Gainesville Volunteers" entered Confederate service in 1861 as Co. G. of the Third Mississippi Infantry. During the Civil War the unit served in the Gulf Coast region and fought in the Vicksburg, Atlanta, Middle Tennessee,and Carolina campaigns. — Map (db m8755) HM
Mississippi (Hancock County), Waveland — Brown's Vineyard
Located at this site, Brown's Vineyard, established 1874, was a popular resort during the late 19th and early 20th centuries. The wine, produced on site from scuppernong grapes, was marketed and sold across the United States. The vineyard, which also provided entertainment, was forced to close in 1920 due to Prohibition. — Map (db m49061) HM
Mississippi (Harrison County), Biloxi — Biloxi
Founded by the French as "New Biloxi." Capital of French colony of Louisiana, 1721-1722, prior to French removal to New Orleans. Incorporated as a town in 1850 by the Mississippi Legislature. — Map (db m68449) HM
Mississippi (Harrison County), Biloxi — Biloxi Lighthouse
Since its construction in 1848, this cast iron lighthouse has been the landmark for which Biloxi-bound vessels sail. Tended by the Younghans family, father, mother and daughter, from late 1866 till 1929. — Map (db m22778) HM
Mississippi (Harrison County), Biloxi — Birthplace of Barq's
Barq's root beer was created by Edward C. Barq, Sr. in 1898 and produced on this site until 1936, when the operation moved to Lameuse Street. A Mississippi Gulf Coast favorite, the number of franchise bottlers grew to over two hundred by 1950. Acquired by The Coca-Cola Company in 1995. — Map (db m68425) HM
Mississippi (Harrison County), Biloxi — Cathedral of the Nativity (B.V.M.)
Parent Catholic Parish on the Mississippi Gulf Coast, continuing missions dating back to French Colonial era. First church on this site dedicated 1844. Rebuilt after fire in 1900. Dedicated Cathedral for Diocese of Biloxi 1977. Restored in 1989 after damage by major hurricanes over a twenty-year period. — Map (db m22980) HM
Mississippi (Harrison County), Biloxi — 21 — Chris LeDoux
(front) Born in Biloxi, Chris LeDoux (1948-2005), the Singing Bronc Rider, pursued dreams of success as both a competitive rodeo cowboy and latter day Western singing star and achieved both. The 1976 World Champion Bareback Bronc Rider released modern and traditional cowboy song records for his rodeo fans from 1973-1991. When Garth Brooks, a fan of LeDoux’s exuberant live performing style mentioned him in a 1989 hit, LeDoux became a major label star on Capitol Records himself. . . . — Map (db m79086) HM
Mississippi (Harrison County), Biloxi — Civil Rights Wade-Ins
On May 14, 1959, April 24, 1960, and June 23, 1963, the Biloxi beach front was the site of planned civil rights wade-ins demanding equal access to the public beach. On April 24, 1960, several citizens, both black and white, were injured and arrested, including the leader of the wade-ins, physician Dr. Gilbert R. Mason Sr. This series of protests gave birth to the Biloxi branch of the NAACP, major voter registration drives in 1960, and a 1968 federal court ruling opening the beach to all citizens. — Map (db m68460) HM
Mississippi (Harrison County), Biloxi — Debuys-Hermann-Keller House
The Greek Revival mansion once located here was a "raised cottage" (meaning it was composed of a frame upper story set upon an above-ground brick basement to protect the wooden portion from moisture and insects.) Probably built ca. 1850 for Peter Debuys, a French planter. It was acquired in 1851 by New Orleans cotton broker L.F. Hermann and in 1871 by John Henry Keller. A New Orleans manufacturer and philanthropist. Keller organized the Seashore Assembly in Biloxi. The house was lost in Hurricane Katrina in 2005. — Map (db m68423) HM
Mississippi (Harrison County), Biloxi — Moran Site
Located here was a French Colonial cemetery, now known as the Moran Site. Based on archaeological investigations, the cemetery dates to the founding of "New Biloxy" between 1717 and 1722, and includes at least thirty burials, primarily male Europeans. Artifacts recovered from the site include ceramics, a French Colonial wine glass and a metal crucifix. The Moran Site is the oldest known French Colonial cemetery in the South and the second oldest in the United States. — Map (db m68448) HM
Mississippi (Harrison County), Biloxi — Old Brick House
Site granted by Spanish to Jean Baptiste Carquote in 1790. Residence in Civil War of Mayor John L. Henley, who led defense against Union fleet, Sept., 1861. Restoration by Biloxi Garden Clubs. — Map (db m42855) HM
Mississippi (Harrison County), Biloxi — Robinson-Maloney-Dantzler House
Originally a raised-cottage Greek Revival mansion similar to Beauvoir, the house located here was built ca. 1849 by J.G. Robinson, a wealthy English cotton planter. It was the center of an estate that included a ten-pin bowling alley, billiard hall, bath house, thoroughbred stables, kennels, gardens and a wharf for docking two prized yachts. About 1908 the Maloney family enlarged the house with a second story addition and two-tiered wrap-around porches in the Neo-Classical style. Destroyed by Hurricane Katrina in 2005. — Map (db m68456) HM
Mississippi (Harrison County), Biloxi — The Magnolia Hotel
Built by John Hohn in 1847. Its operation for a century attests to the Gulf Coast as a resort area. In 1972 structure moved to present location 100 yds. north of original site & restored by City of Biloxi. — Map (db m68447) HM
Mississippi (Harrison County), Biloxi — Tivoli Hotel
A six-story, blonde-brick structure with an arcaded gallery that wrapped its first story, the Italian Renaissance Revival-style Tivoli Hotel was one of Biloxi's early 20th century resorts, built in 1926-27 to designs by local architect Carl E. Matthes. The hotel was expanded in the 1950s and renamed the Tradewinds. The Tivoli was heavily damaged in 2005 when rammed by a block-long casino barge propelled by Hurricane Katrina's storm surge. It was later demolished. — Map (db m68464) HM
Mississippi (Harrison County), Biloxi — William Bartram Trail
William Bartram, noted naturalist and journalist, traveled down the Mississippi and along the Gulf Coast in 1777. His observations of plant life, geography and inhabitants were published in 1791. — Map (db m79087) HM
Mississippi (Harrison County), Biloxi — Woolmarket
S. 3 mi. Once center of wool industry. Here on July 16, 1910; three rural schools formed Woolmarket Vocational High School, considered to be the first consolidated high school in the state. — Map (db m20010) HM
Mississippi (Harrison County), Gulfport — Broadcasting the Blues
Front Blues radio took off in the post-World War II era with the arrival of rhythm & blues programming. A new era for blues radio began in 2000 when Rip Daniels, a Gulfport native, launched the American Blues Network (ABN) at this site. Using satellite and Internet technology, ABN provided a mix of modern and vintage blues to listeners around the world. Rear Radio emerged as the primary medium for the dissemination of music, advertisements, and news to the African . . . — Map (db m80988) HM
Mississippi (Harrison County), Gulfport — Gulf Coast College
Once located in the Handsboro Community, Gulf Coast College was founded in 1865 by Henry Leinhard as a private coeducational boarding school here on this site. In the early 1890's the college was converted into a public school. After the original building burned in 1911, classes were moved to a nearby two-story building until 1926. The students were then moved to Handsboro Elementary School, which was closed in 1973 and demolished in 1985. — Map (db m81008) HM
Mississippi (Harrison County), Gulfport — Gulf Coast Military Academy
This preparatory school for boys was founded in 1912. The senior division campus, closed in 1951, is now the site of the Armed Forces Retirement Home-Gulfport, formerly known as the United States Naval Home. The junior division campus, closed in 1976, was one quarter mile to the east. "Send us the boy and we will return the man." — Map (db m68452) HM
Mississippi (Harrison County), Gulfport — 184 — Gulfport Boogie
Front Gulfport was once home to an active blues and rhythm & blues scene, particularly here in the North Gulfport area. Jaimoe, famed drummer with the Allman Brothers Band, was raised in Gulfport, as was the band’s onetime bassist Lamar Williams, and both performed in many clubs along the coast during their early years. Blues Hall of Fame pianist Roosevelt Sykes once lived here, and other Gulfport residents have included pianist Cozy Corley, singer Albennie Jones, and guitarist . . . — Map (db m80990) HM
Mississippi (Harrison County), Gulfport — Gulfport Civil Rights Wade-In
Near this spot on April 17 and April 24, 1960, Gulfport NAACP president Dr. Felix Dunn and his family joined in peaceful "wade-in" demonstrations to challenge the laws denying African-Americans use of the beach. Gulfport police officers removed the protestors but filed no charges. In Biloxi, similar protests led to arrests and white mob violence. These protests prompted the first intervention of the Civil Rights Division of the U. S. Justice Department challenging Mississippi's segregationist laws and practices. — Map (db m68450) HM
Mississippi (Harrison County), Gulfport — Handsboro
N.1 mi. Founded c. 1800. Famed, 1840-1900, for foundries, sawmills & shipyard; Coast's first newspaper, "Democrat" (1846); and many fine academies. Here Jeff. Davis attended Polar Star Lodge, founded in 1852. — Map (db m81006) HM
Mississippi (Harrison County), Gulfport — Handsboro Presbyterian Church
Organized November 18, 1877, by the New Orleans Presbytery. The present church building was erected in 1891 on the site of the original building which was destroyed by fire in 1889. — Map (db m81007) HM
Mississippi (Harrison County), Gulfport — Kellier-Sternberg House
The Iconic-columned, neoclassical house that once stood here was originally built ca. 1900 by T.G.B. Kellier and was later owned by Edward Sternberg, southeastern claims and litigation manager for the Louisville & Nashville Railroad. In 1999, the "Chimneys" restaurant moved into the house from its former location at the Long Beach harbor. The house was destroyed by Hurricane Katrina in 2005. — Map (db m68459) HM
Mississippi (Harrison County), Gulfport — Memorialization of Jefferson Davis
. . . — Map (db m81014) HM
Mississippi (Harrison County), Gulfport — Mississippi City Courthouse
Constructed in 1893 as part of the Harrison County Circuit Clerk's office, the "Old Courthouse," located here, was a two-story, red brick edifice. It was the last remaining structure associated with a complex of courthouse buildings in Mississippi City, which served as the county seat from 1841 until 1902, when the county seat was moved to Gulfport. The original building was destroyed during Hurricane Katrina in 2005, and the present replica was constructed in 2009. — Map (db m81011) HM
Mississippi (Harrison County), Gulfport — St. Mark's Episcopal Church
St. Mark's Episcopal Church, once located here, was organized as a mission parish in 1846. Originally a simple rectangular frame building with twin front doors. The church was altered and enlarged over the years and was moved from its original beachfront location in 1925 to face 16th Street. Jefferson Davis was once a member of St. Mark's. The church was badly damaged by Hurricane Camille in 1969 and destroyed by Katrina in 2005, after which the congregation relocated to the corner of Cowan and E. Taylor Roads. — Map (db m81009) HM
Mississippi (Harrison County), Gulfport — The Magnolia Route
On April 20, 1925, the Magnolia Route opened with a forty-hour, 1,000 mile endurance drive from Gulfport to Chicago. This route was designed to bring more commerce and tourism to Mississippi. — Map (db m80995) HM
Mississippi (Harrison County), Long Beach — Boggsdale
Thomas Hale Boggs (1914-1972). U.S. Congressman from La. for 28 years, was born in the family home built on this site in 1875. The son of Wm. & Claire Hale Boggs, Rep. Boggs served as House Majority Leader, 1971-72. — Map (db m80996) HM
Mississippi (Harrison County), Long Beach — City of Long Beach Centennial 1905-2005
Front First european settlers, Nicholas and Marianne Ladner, built a home in 1788 near Bear Point. Area first called "the chimneys" by coastal mariners after the landmark chimneys on the Ladner home. The village that developed in the 1800's was known as Rosalie, the name chosen by early settler J. J. McCaughan for his home. With the arrival of the railroad the area was named Scott's Station after George Scott who gave the land for the railroad station. On August 10, 1905, Governor . . . — Map (db m81052) HM
Mississippi (Harrison County), Long Beach — Early Bank and Post Office
Oldest commercial building on Jeff Davis Avenue. Built in 1924 by Hancock County Bank as its second branch. Located in Long Beach primarily to serve this area's growing truck farming industry. Because of the Great Depression, the branch was moved in 1933 to Gulfport. The city library located here for few months in 1939-1940. Southern Star Lodge No. 55 F. & A. M. purchased building in 1940. After renovations, Masons first met in this new upstairs hall February 7, 1941. Mrs Minnie Dubuisson, . . . — Map (db m81049) HM
Mississippi (Harrison County), Long Beach — Early Long Beach
In 1788, Nicholas and Marianne Ladner became the first Europeans to settle in this area. Their log house, know as "The Chimney's", was used as a navigation for boats traveling from Mobile to New Orleans. After Nicholas's death, the Spanish granted the land to his widow. Much of modern Long Beach includes the Widow Ladner Claim. — Map (db m81001) HM
Mississippi (Harrison County), Long Beach — Early Long Beach
In 1788, Nicholas and Marianne Ladner became the first Europeans to settle in this area. Their log house, know as "The Chimney's", was used as a navigation for boats traveling from Mobile to New Orleans. After Nicholas's death, the Spanish granted the land to his widow. Much of modern Long Beach includes the Widow Ladner Claim. — Map (db m81002) HM
Mississippi (Harrison County), Long Beach — Long Beach Schools
This site given by Harper McCaughan in 1885 for school purposes only. W. J. Quarles began teaching 11 children in his home on Railroad Street (1884-1886). One room wood-frame school erected 1886, enlarged 1887. First brick building built 1906. Principal and four teachers taught 10 grades. New Long Beach school built 1926. Twelve grades taught here 1926-1956. Long Beach School District organized 1927. Became Jeff Davis Elementary 1956-1976. Building demolished 1978. New Jeff Davis Elementary . . . — Map (db m81000) HM
Mississippi (Harrison County), Long Beach — St. Thomas the Apostle Catholic Church
St. Mary's Seminary of Perry County, Missouri, purchased land formerly owned by the Thomas family for a new church in 1904. The church was dedicated and staffed by Vincentian Priests in 1905. St. Thomas the Apostle Parish established 1915. Elementary school built in 1923 and staffed by Daughters of Charity. Original church building destroyed in 1969 by Hurricane Camille. Second church dedicated 1972. Diocese of Biloxi purchased property in 1981 from Congregation of the MIssion. First diocesan . . . — Map (db m81005) HM
Mississippi (Harrison County), Long Beach — Truck Farming
Arrival of L&N Railroad in 1880's made possible Long Beach's development as a truck farming center. James Thomas and W. J. Quarles in 1884 began truck farm industry by raising and shipping green beans to northern markets. During next 25 years, over 70 individual growers, on area farms ranging from one to 125 acres, raised a variety of vegetables and fruits which were shipped by rail to northern markets. City became famous for growing Long Beach Long Reds radishes for patrons of northern beer . . . — Map (db m81047) HM
Mississippi (Harrison County), Pass Christian — 124 — Blues & Jazz in the Pass
Front The histories of blues and jazz are often traced along separate pathways, but, especially on the Gulf Coast, the two genres were intertwined from the earliest days. Blues was a key element in the music of Pass Christian’s illustrious native son Captain John Handy (1900-1971) and other locals who played traditional jazz or rhythm & blues. Pass Christian has celebrated its rich African American musical heritage with various festivals, including "Jazz in the Pass," first held . . . — Map (db m80991) HM
Mississippi (Harrison County), Pass Christian — Constitution of the United States of America
In 1787 delegates from the 13 original states met in Philadelphia and wrote the Constitution at a convention in which George Washington was chosen the presiding officer. — Map (db m81110) HM
Mississippi (Harrison County), Pass Christian — Declaration of Independence
Adopted by the Continental Congress in Philadelphia on July, 4, 1776 The 13 Original Colonies were Massachusetts, Rhode Island, Connecticut, New Hampshire, New York, New Jersey, Pennsylvania, Delaware, Maryland, Virginia, North Carolina, South Carolina, and Georgia. — Map (db m81113) HM
Mississippi (Harrison County), Pass Christian — Dixie "White House"
Built by John Backe of New Orleans in 1851. Here in 1913 Pres. Woodrow Wilson and family spent winter vacation as guests of the owner, Miss Alice Herndon. — Map (db m80997) HM
Mississippi (Harrison County), Pass Christian — Independence Hall
Located in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania Begun in 1732 — Completed in 1753 Here the Declaration of Independence was adopted on July 4, 1776 and the Constitutional Convention held in 1787 — Map (db m81115) HM
Mississippi (Harrison County), Pass Christian — Les Palmiers
National Register of Historic Places Built in 1849 for Harold Payne as a four room Coast cottage. Altered and expanded in 1893 and 1904. Abandoned after Hurricane Camille. Bought, restored and expanded in 1989 by Dr. and Mrs. Harry Danielson. aka Alva Villa, the Harrison Badier House, Belle B'Anne Map (db m81054) HM
Mississippi (Harrison County), Pass Christian — Saucier-Bidwell-Pratt House
Side 1 Built ca. 1855 by Pierre Saucier, whose son was later mayor of Pass Christian, the two-story Greek Revival House located here had a central temple-like portico and square-columned galleries spanning its facade, and an octagonal Gothic Revival outbuilding on its grounds. It was later the home of renowned New Orleans theatre impresario David Bidwell. Known locally as "Union Quarters," the house was destroyed during Hurricane Katrina in 2005. . . . — Map (db m81033) HM
Mississippi (Harrison County), Pass Christian — Scenic Drive Historic District
Due to the large number of 19th and early 20th century mansions once located here, Pass Christian's Scenic Drive was heralded as "The Newport of the South." Composed of architecturally significant vacation villas set among live oaks, this National Register listed historic district had the largest and best preserved collection of noteworthy beachfront manors on the Mississippi Gulf Coast. In 2005 Hurricane Katrina destroyed many of the historic buildings, especially in the western half of the district. — Map (db m81042) HM
Mississippi (Harrison County), Pass Christian — The Flag of the United States of America
The Stars and Stripes originated as a result of a resolution offered by the Marine Committee of the Second Continental Congress at Philadelphia, Pennsylvania and adopted June 14, 1777. — Map (db m81111) HM
Mississippi (Harrison County), Pass Christian — The Liberty Bell
The bell bears the inscription "Proclaim liberty throughout all the land unto all the inhabitants thereof." — Map (db m81112) HM
Mississippi (Harrison County), Pass Christian — The Star Spangled Banner
The National Anthem was written by Francis Scott Key during the bombardment of Fort McHenry Baltimore, Maryland on September 13-14, 1814 — Map (db m81114) HM
Mississippi (Harrison County), Pass Christian — United States Merchant Marine Academy Cadet Memorial
These grounds, from September 16, 1942 to March 21, 1950, were the site of the Pass Christian United States Merchant Marine Cadet Corps Basic School. From here and the sister school at San Mateo, California, over 6000 undergraduates of the U.S. Merchant Marine Academy at Kings Point, New York, went to sea in war and peace. To those cadets, who in the course of their training or subsequent service, gave their lives for our country, this monument is respectfully dedicated. — Map (db m86086) HM
Mississippi (Hinds County), Bolton — 175 — Charley Patton Birthplace
~Front~ Mississippi blues master Charley Patton was born on this property when it was known as Herring's Place, according to Bolton bluesman Sam Chatmon. Patton's birthdate has often been reported as April 1891, but other sources cite earlier dates, including 1881, 1885, and 1887. (Birth certificates were not required in Mississippi until 1912.) Patton's astounding body of recorded work (1929-1934) remains unparalleled, and his live performances were reportedly even more awe-inspiring. Patton . . . — Map (db m80015) HM
Mississippi (Hinds County), Clinton — Clinton Cemetery
Established ca. 1800, the Clinton Cemetery is one of the oldest in central Mississippi. Buried here are families of pioneer settlers, ten college presidents, and sixty-three Confederate soldiers. — Map (db m69598) HM
Mississippi (Hinds County), Clinton — Cowles Mead Cemetery
Like many of his generation, Mead came from the east seeking opportunity in the Mississippi Territory. He owned a tavern on the Old Trace near Natchez and held several political offices, including acting governor in 1806. During this time, he ordered the arrest of Aaron Burr for treason but the former Vice President was acquitted. Mead followed the growth of the state and moved to the Jackson area. He built his beautifully landscaped home, “Greenwood” on this site. Little remains . . . — Map (db m69679) HM
Mississippi (Hinds County), Clinton — Indian Trading Post
Operated at junction of Natchez Trace and Old Vicksburg Rd. by Robert H. Bell(1783-1835) & his "yellow man Vincent", freed by Bell's will in 1835. Bell-Vincent Scholarship, Millsaps College, endowed with funds from the sale of this land, memorializes master and slave. — Map (db m50873) HM
Mississippi (Hinds County), Edwards — Big Black River Bridge
After the defeat at Champion Hill, Confederate forces retreated to the Big Black River on the night of May 16, 1863. Here, Generals John Bowen and John Vaughn defended the east bank of the river and the bridge. On May 17, Federal forces under Gen. Michael Lawler routed the Confederates in a bayonet charge lasting only a few minutes. Many retreating soldiers drowned in the Big Black River. Confederate losses included 1,700 men captured and eighteen cannon abandoned. — Map (db m80679) HM
Mississippi (Hinds County), Edwards — Change of Plans
On May 12, 1863, Grant made his headquarters here at Dillon's Farm with Sherman's XV Corps. At Raymond, five and a half miles east along Fourteenmile Creek, McPherson's XVII Corps, with 12,000 men, defeated 3,000 Confederates under John Gregg. Grant heard the guns at Raymond and at sundown learned that McPherson was victorious. Realizing that Confederate forces were now on both his left and right flanks, however, Grant changed his planned movement north and ordered the army to wheel toward Jackson. — Map (db m80242) HM
Mississippi (Hinds County), Edwards — North to the Railroads
On May 12, 1863, after Grant and two divisions of the XV Corps marched past, three divisions of the XIII Corps turned here onto the Telegraph Road. Four miles north, they met a portion of the 1st Missouri (Dismounted) Cavalry at Whitaker's Ford. After the Confederates fell back, the Federals secured the ford. Meanwhile, McClernand's reserve division captured Montgomery Bridge, two and a half miles west of Whitaker's Ford, securing Grant's left flank four and a half miles from the railroad. — Map (db m80290) HM
Mississippi (Hinds County), Jackson — 87 — Ace Records
Ace Records, founded in 1955 by Johnny Vincent (1925-2000), was the most successful Mississippi-based label of the 1950s and 1960s. Ace’s extensive catalog of blues, R&B, pop, rock, and soul included records by Mississippi blues artists Arthur Crudup, Sam Myers, King Edward, Pat Brown, and Willie Clayton, as well as hit singles by Louisiana singers Jimmy Clanton, Frankie Ford, Huey “Piano” Smith, and Earl King. Ace was based for many years on this block of West Capitol Street. . . . — Map (db m49681) HM
Mississippi (Hinds County), Jackson — Carter Jewelers
Established in 1849 by Carl J. Von Seutter as the Carl J. Von Seutter Jewelry and Art Emporium, this business was once located in the Majestic Arcade Building on Capitol Street. In 1918, one of Von Seutter's employees, John C. Carter, purchased the store. After his death in 1946, Lee G. Letwinger bought the business and moved it to this location. Purchased by Jerry Lake in 1997, Carter Jewelers is considered one of the oldest continuously operating jewelry businesses in the United States. — Map (db m51181) HM
Mississippi (Hinds County), Jackson — 100 — Cassandra Wilson
~Front~ Grammy Award-winning jazz vocalist Cassandra Wilson, a native of Jackson, is known for her broad explorations of various forms of music, including the blues. Her recordings include versions of songs by Delta blues artists Robert Johnson, Son House, and Muddy Waters. Wilson’s father, bassist Herman Fowlkes, Jr., was a leading musician on the Jackson jazz scene. He recorded with Sonny Boy Williamson No. 2 and other blues artists. Wilson grew up here on Albermarle Road. . . . — Map (db m72134) HM
Mississippi (Hinds County), Jackson — 155 — Edwards Hotel
Constructed in 1923 and renamed the King Edward Hotel in 1954, the Edwards Hotel was the site of temporary studios set up by OKeh Records in 1930 and the American Record Corporation in 1935 to record blues artists Bo Carter, Robert Wilkins, Joe McCoy, Isaiah Nettles, the Mississippi Sheiks, and others. The Mississippi Sheiks also performed at the hotel, and Houston Stackhouse recalled that he played here together with fellow bluesman Robert Nighthawk and country music pioneer Jimmie Rodgers. . . . — Map (db m49680) HM
Mississippi (Hinds County), Jackson — Eudora Welty House
Eudora Welty (1909-2001), one of the most acclaimed writers of the twentieth century, lived in this house for seventy six years. This house was built by Welty's parents, Christian and Chestina Welty. In 1925, Eudora Welty wrote all of her major works here, including the Pulitzer Prize winning novel The Optomist's Daughter. Welty and her mother were devoted gardeners, and many of the flowers and bushes they planted still grow in the garden, The Eudora Welty House is a National Historic Landmark. — Map (db m49453) HM
Mississippi (Hinds County), Jackson — Fortenberry-Parkman Farm
This typical family farmstead was in operation from 1860 to 1960. The buildings were moved from Jefferson Davis Co. in 1981 and restored through the generosity of the family, friends and county supervisors. — Map (db m69944) HM
Mississippi (Hinds County), Jackson — Greenwood Cemetery
Established by federal grant of 1821. Originally "The Graveyard"; later "City Cemetery"; & in 1899 received present name. here lie 7 state governors, many other city and state leaders, and in unmarked graves over 100 Confederate soldiers. — Map (db m51179) HM
Mississippi (Hinds County), Jackson — 5 — Greyhound Bus Station
(front) On May 28, 1961, a Greyhound bus with nine Freedom Riders aboard arrived here, the third group of Riders into Jackson. The first two came on Trailways buses May 24, That summer 329 people were arrested in Jackson for integrating public transportation facilities. Convicted on "breach of peace" and jailed, most refused bail and were sent to the state penitentiary. Their protest worked. In September 1961, the federal government mandated that segregation in interstate . . . — Map (db m82000) HM
Mississippi (Hinds County), Jackson — 104 — Ishmon Bracey
~Front~ One of the earliest blues musicians from Mississippi to make recordings, Ishmon Bracey (1899-1970) is buried in the nearby Willow Park Cemetery. In the 1920s and '30s Bracey was a leading bluesman in the Jackson area and performed with prominent artists including Tommy Johnson, Rube Lacy, and Charlie McCoy. In the early '50s Bracey became an ordained minister and left the blues behind. ~Back~ Bracey was born in Byram, about ten miles south of Jackson, in . . . — Map (db m71512) HM
Mississippi (Hinds County), Jackson — Jackson City Hall
Built 1846-47 by slave labor, of handmade brick. Original cost $7505.58. John Oldham, Mayor, Will Gibbon Arch. Used as hospital for both Union and Confederate soldiers during war between the states. This building was spared when the town, having been burned three times, became known as "Chimneyville" — Map (db m49682) HM
Mississippi (Hinds County), Jackson — MFWC Headquarters
The Mississippi Federation of Women’s Clubs, organized in 1898 in Kosciusko, moved into this headquarters building in 1936. Designed by architect Robert Naef and built by the Works Projects Administration, the structure is of the Georgian-Revival style. Listed in the National Register of Historic Places in 1988. — Map (db m72679) HM
Mississippi (Hinds County), Jackson — Millsaps College
Chartered Feb. 21, 1890 by Miss. Methodists. Named for & largely endowed by Maj. R.W. Millsaps. Bishop C.B. Galloway first president of board; Bishop W.B. Murrah first president of college. — Map (db m51205) HM
Mississippi (Hinds County), Jackson — Mississippi's Old Capitol
As the state capitol (1839-1903), this building was the site of the 1861 Secession Convention and 1868 and 1890 Constitutional Conventions. Andrew Jackson, Henry Clay, and Jefferson Davis spoke here. After housing state offices 1917-1959, the Old Capitol was restored and opened in 1961 as the state historical museum. Damaged by Hurricane Katrina in 2005, it was restored again and reopened in 2009. — Map (db m71069) HM
Mississippi (Hinds County), Jackson — Monument to Women of the Confederacy
(South face) Our Mothers To the women of the Confederacy “Whose pious ministrations to our wounded soldiers soothed the last hours of those who died far from the objects of their tenderest love, whose domestic labors contributed much to supply the wants of our defenders in the field, whose zealous faith in our cause shone a guiding star undimmed by the darkest clouds of war, whose fortitude sustained them under all the privations to which they were subjected, whose floral . . . — Map (db m16720) HM
Mississippi (Hinds County), Jackson — Noel House
On this site was the house of Andrew J and Susie Davis Noel, built 1924. Active in the NAACP the Noels hosted Freedom Riders here in 1960. In 1948, Gladys Noel Bates filed the first lawsuit in the state seeking equal pay for black public school teachers. In 1951, equal pay was approved by the Mississippi Legislature. — Map (db m51173) HM
Mississippi (Hinds County), Jackson — Old Capitol
Begun in 1833. Here Henry Clay, Andrew Jackson, and Jefferson Davis spoke. Was scene of 1861 Secession Convention, Black and Tan Convention of 1868, & 1890 Constitutional Convention. — Map (db m71070) HM
Mississippi (Hinds County), Jackson — 164 — Otis Spann & Little Johnnie Jones
~ Front Side ~ Otis Spann and Little Johnnie Jones, two of the acknowledged masters of Chicago blues piano, were cousins who lived in Jackson in the 1930s and '40s. On the vibrant post-World War II Chicago scene they both played with blues king Muddy Waters and other luminaries and were hailed for their stellar work both as accompanists and as featured recording artists. Spann and his family lived on this block of Roach Street. ~ Back Side ~ Otis Spann and Little Johnnie . . . — Map (db m81972) HM
Mississippi (Hinds County), Jackson — Pocahontas Mounds
Built and used between A.D 1000 and 1300, this platform mound and a nearby burial mound mark the ceremonial and political seat of a regional chiefdom of the Plaquemine culture. A thatched, clay-plastered ritual temple or chief's lodging stood atop this mound. Dwellings of villagers occupied surrounding fields. — Map (db m77266) HM
Mississippi (Hinds County), Jackson — St. Marks Episcopal Church
This church, organized in 1883, began as a Sunday School mission to blacks under the episcopate of Bishop Hugh M Thompson. The first instructor was a Mr. Williams, an African American. The Rev. Richard T Middleton became the first priest in 1904. This building was constructed in 1927 under the leadership of the Rev. James T Jeffery. It housed a day school and the Fannie Johnson Memorial Clinic for the needy, regardless of race or creed. Parish status was attained in 1983, under the Rt. Rev. Duncan M Gray, Jr., Bishop — Map (db m51176) HM
Mississippi (Hinds County), Jackson — Summers Hotel & Subway LoungeMississippi Blues Trail Marker
During the era of segregation, traveling African Americans had few options for lodging. In Jackson, many black musicians stayed at the Summers Hotel, established in 1944 by W.J. Summers. In 1966 Summers opened a club in the hotel basement that he called the Subway Lounge. The Subway was a regular jazz venue and offered popular late night blues shows from the mid-1980s until the hotel’s demolition in 2004. (Back): During the segregated 1940s, ’50s, and ’60s, the two main Jackson . . . — Map (db m71513) HM
Mississippi (Hinds County), Jackson — Temple Beth Israel
Jackson's Jewish congregation was organized in 1861. While not the first congregation in Mississippi, Beth Israel was the first to build a temple. In 1867-1868 a wood frame structure was built on this site. Used as both a school and a house of worship, the building burned in 1874. Rebuilt here, the temple was relocated in 1940. — Map (db m40494) HM
Mississippi (Hinds County), Jackson — The Alamo TheatreMississippi Blues Trail Marker
The Alamo Theatre opened at this location in 1949. Prior to that the Alamo occupied two other spots in the area. The theatre showed movies, hosted music competitions, and presented blues and jazz concerts by artists such as Nat “King” Cole, Elmore James, Louis Jordan, and Cab Calloway during the 1940s and ‘50s. Gospel groups and vocal ensembles also performed. Local resident Dorothy Moore’s many victories at Alamo talent contests ultimately led to a successful recording career. . . . — Map (db m51197) HM
Mississippi (Hinds County), Jackson — The Eagle and Bowman Hotels
Two of Jackson’s historic hotels once stood at this site. The Eagle Hotel, originally a tavern, was built in 1823. Andrew Jackson was a guest here in 1840.Alexander McClung, editor and Mexican War hero, committed suicide at the hotel in 1855. The Eagle was torn down in 1856 and replaced in 1857 by the Bowman House, a five story brick structure. The scene of frequent political and social events, the hotel also served briefly as Union headquarters on May 14, 1863. The Bowman House burned on June 9, 1863. — Map (db m51178) HM
Mississippi (Hinds County), Jackson — The Gowdy Community
The Gowdy community was first settled prior to 1903. Named for Mr. W.B. Gowdy, former president of the Delta Cotton Oil and Fertilizer Plant. This African American community was awarded its own U.S. postal stop in 1915. The Gowdy community is located along the Yazoo and Mississippi Valley Railroad and west of Terry Road, and is bordered by Lynch, Hattiesburg, and Dansby Streets. The community encompasses the areas known as Washington Addition, Jackson College Addition, and Washington Annex. — Map (db m71366) HM
Mississippi (Hinds County), Jackson — Trumpet RecordsMississippi Blues Trail marker
Trumpet Records was the first record company in Mississippi to achieve national stature through its distribution, sales, radio airplay and promotion. Willard and Lillian McMurry launched the label from their retail store, the Record Mart, here at 309 North Farish Street, in 1950, and later converted the back room into a recording studio. The first releases by Mississippi blues legends Sonny Boy Williamson No. 2, Elmore James, and Willie Love appeared on Trumpet in 1951. (Back): . . . — Map (db m51196) HM
Mississippi (Hinds County), Jackson — U.S.S. Mississippi
Figurehead of the Second Battleship Mississippi Presented to the State of Mississippi By the U.S. Navy Department December 1909 — Map (db m5142) HM
Mississippi (Hinds County), Jackson — Union Battery Position
Following the surrender of Vicksburg on July 4, 1863, Union forces under William T. Sherman pursued Joseph E. Johnston's Confederate army to Jackson and laid siege to the city. North of Jackson, Parke's IX Corps moved astride the Canton Road and placed artillery on this ridge, near the site of the state insane asylum. On July 11-14, the six guns of Batteries L and M, 3rd U.S. Artillery, fired 257 rounds into the city and its defenses. This gun emplacement is one of few intact Civil War site in Jackson. — Map (db m71101) HM WM
Mississippi (Hinds County), Raymond — A "Soldiers' Battle" in the Underbrush
Upstream, to your left, Confederate and Union soldiers fought through the creek’s thick underbrush. Here at the far right of the Confederate line, Col. Hiram Granbury’s 7th Texas regiment, CSA, charged into the thickets but were confronted by Ohio and Illinois troops, USA, who had already reached the deep-banked creek and occupied it as a fortification. Without any hope of dislodging entrenched troops, the Texans charge broke and hand-to-hand fighting commenced. Confusion Compounded . . . — Map (db m85100) HM
Mississippi (Hinds County), Raymond — A Battle Unfolds
From this vantage point, Maj. Gen. James McPherson, USA, should have been able to watch the unfolding of the battle, but the smoke and dust clouds hung motionless near the ground all day. Nevertheless, he was able to see a skirmish line along the creek where it crossed under the bridge, the Confederate battle line beyond, and additional forces on the Gallatin Road to the right. “My regiment, like all the others, hurried along the country roads through dust that came to the shoe top. . . . — Map (db m84941) HM
Mississippi (Hinds County), Raymond — A Guide to the Campaign TrailThe Vicksburg Campaign and Siege — Brig. Gen. (Ret.) Parker Hills
In April of 1861, rumors of Civil War became a reality at Charleston harbor when Fort Sumter was fired upon by Southern forces. Many leaders, both North and South, believed that a dash to capture the opposing side’s capital city would bring a quick political end to the war. But Abraham Lincoln and Jefferson Davis were Western-born men and realized that the Mississippi River, king of the waterways, was a geographic key to victory. It was the River that meandered southward for 2,320 miles and . . . — Map (db m85138) HM
Mississippi (Hinds County), Raymond — Battle of Raymond
May 12, 1863, on Fourteen Mile Creek, 2,500 Confederate troops under Gen. John Gregg attacked a 10,000 man corps under Gen. James B. McPherson. Outnumbered, Gregg was forced to withdraw to Jackson. — Map (db m26145) HM
Mississippi (Hinds County), Raymond — Battle of Raymond - This Walking Trail
     “A single field, dotted with spots of timber, separated the Lower Gallatin and Utica Roads, and the main force of the enemy was on the latter road. Finding that I would necessarily be driven into town by his artillery unless I moved up nearer, and believing from this evidence I had that his force was a single brigade, I made my dispositions to capture it ….”      Brig. Gen. John Gregg, CSA While this trail covers only a portion of the battlefield, it includes . . . — Map (db m84987) HM
Mississippi (Hinds County), Raymond — Bledsoe's Battery
Anticipating that the enemy would approach Raymond from both of these roads, Confederate General Gregg positioned Capt. Hiram Bledsoe’s battery of three cannon and a battalion of infantry here to defend Raymond from either direction. However, on May 12 the center of action was along the Utica Road, near the bridge, toward which these cannon are aimed. In conjunction with the Confederate skirmishers along Fourteenmile Creek, these guns opened fire on the first Federal troops that approached the . . . — Map (db m85122) HM
Mississippi (Hinds County), Raymond — C.S. Bledsoe's Missouri Battery (3 Guns)Gregg's Task Force
C.S. Bledsoe’s Missouri Battery (3 Guns), Gregg’s Task Force; Capt. Hiram M. Bledsoe. Around 9:30 a.m., May 12, 1863, Brig. Gen. John Gregg placed Captain Bledsoe’s two 12-pounder smoothbores and one Whitworth rifle here on a knoll at the junction of the Port Gibson and Utica roads, a position that commanded the Fourteenmile Creek bridge, 870 yards distant. At 10 a.m. Bledsoe’s guns opened fire on Maj. Gen. James B. McPherson’s approaching Federals of the XVII Corps. Around 2:30 . . . — Map (db m85124) HM
Mississippi (Hinds County), Raymond — C.S. Gregg's Task Force1st Tennessee Infantry Battalion
C.S. Gregg’s Task Force Brig. Gen. John Gregg 1st Tennessee Infantry Battalion Maj. Stephen H. Colms This battalion was initially posted north of here to the right of Bledsoe’s battery in support of the three guns. About 2 p.m., Major Colms was ordered to move his command southward to cover the hardpressed 7th Texas Infantry. General Gregg then ordered Colms to threaten the Union left at Fourteenmile Creek to prevent the Federals from flanking the Confederates. Colms’ Tennesseans . . . — Map (db m85102) HM
Mississippi (Hinds County), Raymond — C.S. Gregg's Task Force1st Mississippi Battalion State Troops
C.S. Gregg’s Task Force Miscellaneous Attached Units, May 12, 1863 1st Mississippi Battalion State Troops Capt. James Hall The 40-man detachment picketed the road to Utica and contested McPherson’s advance, but was unable to penetrate the 160-man Federal cavalry screen Squadron, Wirt Adams’ Mississippi Cavalry Capt. William Yerger The squadron of 50 troopers patrolled northwest of Raymond to protect the roads to the railroad and to Clinton and Jackson. 3d Kentucky . . . — Map (db m85123) HM
Mississippi (Hinds County), Raymond — C.S. Gregg's Task ForceGregg's Brigade
C.S. Gregg’s Task Force Brig. Gen. John Gregg Gregg’s Brigade Col. Cyrus A. Sugg 3d Tennessee Infantry, Col. Calvin H. Walker 10th & 30th Tennessee Consolidated Infantry, Col. Randal MacGavock (K) Lt. Col. James J. Turner 41st Tennessee Infantry, Col. Robert I. Farquharson 50th Tennessee Infantry, Lt. Col. Thomas S. Beaumont 1st Tennessee Infantry Battalion, Maj. Stephen H. Colms 7th Texas Infantry, Col. Hiram B. Granbury The brigade moved from Port Hudson, . . . — Map (db m85125) HM
Mississippi (Hinds County), Raymond — Confederate Cemetery
The Confederate Cemetery in Raymond contains the graves of 140 Confederate soldiers who were killed during the battle of Raymond on May 12, 1863, or who died as a result of their wounds. Most of the men were from Tennessee and Texas; many died in homes and public buildings that had been appropriated as temporary hospitals. Union dead from the battle of Raymond were initially buried here but later moved to the Vicksburg National Cemetery. — Map (db m85108) HM
Mississippi (Hinds County), Raymond — DeGolyer's Battery and the Artist's Eye
As soon as the fighting broke out that morning, six guns of the 8th Michigan Light Artillery, marching near the front of the column, unlimbered and “went into battery” about a hundred yards from the bridge. They returned fire on the Confederate artillery about a thousand yards down the road, approximately where the water tower is seen today. Realizing his cannon could be captured by enemy troops breaking out of the wooded undergrowth along the creek, DeGolyer moved back to a . . . — Map (db m85032) HM
Mississippi (Hinds County), Raymond — Eyewitnesses in the Storm
     “One officer, not more than thirty feet from where I stood, quietly loaded up an old Meerschaum, lit a match, his pistol hanging form his wrist, and when he had got his pipe agoing, he got hold of his pistol again, and went on popping away at us as leisurely as if he had been shooting rats. Why that fellow didn’t get shot I don’t know.”      “That it was a pretty tough time that we had of it, lying there by the brook and digging out toes into the ground for fear . . . — Map (db m85099) HM
Mississippi (Hinds County), Raymond — Gregg's Battle Plan
Confederate Brig. Gen. John Gregg arrived in Raymond on May 11 with orders from Pemberton to contain the right flank of the Federal army as it advanced north and determine where it was heading. Thinking he faced a force only half the size of his, the combative Gregg decided to attack. To insure victory, Gregg devised an ambush in which one regiment would stop the Federal advance at Fourteenmile Creek while the two other regiments would cross over from the Gallatin Road and push the Federals . . . — Map (db m85021) HM
Mississippi (Hinds County), Raymond — Hinds County Confederate Memorial
(Front Side) Confederate We of the South Remember, We of the South Revere. (Rear Side) Erected by the people of Hinds County in grateful memory of their men who in 1861-65 gave or offered to give their lives for the maintenance of constitutional government; and to the heroic women whose devotion to our cause in its darkest hour sustained the strong and strengthened the weak. — Map (db m85144) WM
Mississippi (Hinds County), Raymond — McPherson's Deployment
Marching north toward Raymond on the Utica Road, the vanguard of Logan’s Union division was met by gunfire as the soldiers approached the Fourteenmile Creek bridge. Although confident that he outnumbered the enemy, Maj. Gen. James McPherson cautiously committed his troops to the battle. As his troops came over the ridge behind you and down into this bottomland, they spread out in a battle line in the freshly plowed fields facing Fourteenmile Creek. Windless and oppressive weather that day . . . — Map (db m85039) HM
Mississippi (Hinds County), Raymond — Raymond Courthouse
Built, 1857-9, by the famous Weldon brothers with skilled slave labor crew. After the Battle of Raymond, fought 1 ¼ m. S.W. of here, May 12, 1863, this building served as a Confederate hospital. — Map (db m85140) HM
Mississippi (Hinds County), Raymond — St. Mark's Episcopal Church
St. Mark’s was organized in 1837 by Rev. James McGregor Dale and construction of the sanctuary was completed in 1855. Following the battle of Raymond on May 12, 1863, the church was used as a hospital for Federal soldiers. The interior of the church was damaged during this time, and the pews were lost. After repairs had been made, St. Mark’s was consecrated by Bishop William Mercer Green on May 5, 1868. — Map (db m85142) HM
Mississippi (Hinds County), Raymond — Texas Memorial
(Front Side) Texas Remembers the valor and devotion of its sons who participated in the Battle of Raymond and in other engagements of the Vicksburg Campaign. Upon this field on May 12, 1863, soldiers of the 7th Texas Infantry, led by Regimental Commander Colonel Hiram B. Granbury, and other regiments of Brigadier General John Gregg’s brigade fought with grim determination against two divisions of Federal forces under the command of Major General James B. McPherson. The . . . — Map (db m85976) WM
Mississippi (Hinds County), Raymond — The Battle of Raymond as a Pivotal Point in the Vicksburg Campaign
     “Move your command tonight to the next cross-roads if there is water, and tomorrow with all activity into Raymond.”      Maj. Gen. Grant to Maj. Gen. McPherson, USA, May 9, 1863      “Move your brigade promptly to Raymond, taking three days’ rations, and carrying only cooking utensils and ammunition; no baggage … Use Wirt Adams’ cavalry at Raymond for advance pickets.”      Lt. Gen. John C. Pemberton, May 10, 1863 General Grant successfully . . . — Map (db m84988) HM
Mississippi (Hinds County), Raymond — The Campaign Turns East
By late afternoon, as Brig. Gen. John Gregg, his officers, and soldiers realized they were seriously outnumbered they managed to extricate themselves from the fight and withdraw through Raymond to Jackson. From here you can see the road that follows the historic route west (left) to Dillon’s plantation, seven miles away. There, Maj. Gen. Ulysses S. Grant and Maj. Gen. William T. Sherman were camped and heard the sounds of battle coming from Raymond. When the reports came in, Grant realized . . . — Map (db m85101) HM
Mississippi (Hinds County), Raymond — The Little J Railroad
Two historic transportation routes are incorporated into this walking trail. The concrete highway, ca. 1927, is generally the same route used by the Union army marching toward Raymond in May 1863. The bridge and highway, however, are more elevated and possibly a few feet to the west of the earlier roadway. Another portion of the trail is the abandoned roadbed of the “Little J” railroad. Completed in 1882 between Natchez and Jackson, the Natchez, Jackson and Columbus . . . — Map (db m84990) HM
Mississippi (Hinds County), Raymond — The McCoy Brothers
(side 1) Joe McCoy and his brother Charlie McCoy, both born on a farm near Raymond, performed and recorded widely during the pre-World War II era, but their most important legacy may rest with the songs they wrote or cowrote. These include “Corrine Corrina,” which became a folk music standard, “When the Levee Breaks,” which was covered by Led Zeppelin, and “Why Don’t You Do Right,” a hit for both blues singer Lil Green and pop star Peggy Lee. . . . — Map (db m70324) HM
Mississippi (Hinds County), Raymond — The Vicksburg Campaign
“Vicksburg is the key,” said President Abraham Lincoln. “The war can never be brought to a close until that key is in our pocket.” The United States government had to control the lower Mississippi River in order to move agricultural products to world markets, to split the South and sever its supply lines. In the spring of 1863, Major General Ulysses S. Grant launched the Army of the Tennessee on a series of maneuvers and battles to pocket Vicksburg and end the war. . . . — Map (db m84989) HM
Mississippi (Hinds County), Raymond — To Clinton and Jackson
On May 12, 1863, two divisions of the XVII Corps marched from the Roach Farm on the Utica Road and defeated Gregg’s Confederate brigade at Raymond. The next day, McPherson’s men moved to Clinton and cut the railroad. Meanwhile, two divisions of the XV Corps moved from Dillon’s Farm to Mississippi Springs, five miles east of Raymond. To protect the army’s rear as it pivoted toward Jackson, the XIII Corps feigned an attack on Confederate forces at Mt. Moriah, and Grant captured Jackson on May 14. — Map (db m85109) HM
Mississippi (Hinds County), Raymond — U.S. 11th Battery, Ohio Light Artillery
U.S. 11th Battery, Ohio Light Artillery; 7th Div.; 17th Corps; Army of the Tennessee. Lieut. Fletcher E. Armstrong. The two 12-pounder howitzers, two 6-pounder smoothbores, and two 12-pounder James rifles of this battery were the only guns of Brig. Gen. Marcellus Crocker’s Division to be engaged at Raymond. The guns were the last battery to arrive on the field and were moved into position around 12:30 p.m. The battery served in this location throughout the afternoon and brought . . . — Map (db m84928) HM
Mississippi (Hinds County), Raymond — U.S. 3d Battery, Ohio Light Artillery
U.S. 3d Battery, Ohio Light Artillery; 3d Div.; 17th Corps; Army of the Tennessee. Capt. William S. Williams This battery of four 12-pounder James rifles and two 6-pounder smoothbores was the third and final battery of Maj. Gen. John A. Logan’s division to arrive on the field. Going into battery around 11:30 a.m., May 12, 1863, Captain Williams’ guns served in this position on the left of the gun line to prevent any Confederate flanking movement from the west. No casualties reported. — Map (db m84930) HM
Mississippi (Hinds County), Raymond — U.S. 8th Battery, Michigan Light Artillery
U.S. 8th Battery, Michigan Light Artillery; 3rd Div.; 17th Corps; Army of the Tennessee. Capt. Samuel De Golyer This was the third and final position of De Golyer’s battery of two 12-pounder howitzers and four 12-pounder James rifles at Raymond. From its first position near the Fourteenmile Creek Bridge the battery fell back 260 yards to higher ground west of the Utica Road on Artillery Ridge. Around 11 a.m. the guns of Battery D, 1st Illinois Light Artillery arrived, and De . . . — Map (db m84929) HM
Mississippi (Hinds County), Raymond — U.S. 8th Battery, Michigan Light Artillery
U.S. 8th Battery, Michigan Light Artillery; 3d Div.; 17th Corps; Army of the Tennessee. Capt. Samuel De Golyer. This battery of “flying artillery” was the initial battery of Maj. Gen. John A. Logan’s division to arrive on the field around 10:30 a.m., May 12, 1863. Captain De Golyer placed his six guns near the Fourteenmile Creek bridge with two 12-pounder howitzers to the left of the Utica Road and four 12-pounder James rifles to the right of the road. The battery soon . . . — Map (db m85038) HM
Mississippi (Hinds County), Raymond — U.S. Battery D, 1st Illinois Light Artillery
U.S. Battery D, 1st Illinois Light Artillery; 3d Div.; 17th Corps; Army of the Tennessee Capt. Henry A. Rogers. Formerly the “McAllister Battery” of the Battle of Shiloh, Captain Rogers’ four 24-pounder howitzers arrived on the field around 11 a.m., May 12, 1863, and went into position here. This battery relieved the six guns of De Golyer’s battery, which were shifted 150 yards to the west. The four 24-pounders, although at near maximum range of 1,230 yards from the . . . — Map (db m84927) HM
Mississippi (Hinds County), Utica — Utica
Incorporated March 5, 1880, and named for the native city of Ozias Osborn, an early settler from New York. Utica is noted for the great number of its citizens who have become educators of the deaf. — Map (db m80234) HM
Mississippi (Humphreys County), Belzoni — 73 — Denise LaSalle
Front Soul and blues star Denise LaSalle was born Denise Allen near Sidon in rural Leflore County on July 16, 1939, but spent much of her childhood here in Belzoni. After moving to Chicago in her teens, she began writing songs and scored the first of many self-penned hits in 1971 with the No. 1 R&B single “Trapped By a Thing Called Love.” LaSalle’s direct and often provocative style on stage also led to great success as a live performer. Rear Denise . . . — Map (db m77269) HM
Mississippi (Humphreys County), Belzoni — 38 — Pinetop Perkins
Front Blues piano master Joe Willie “Pinetop” Perkins was born on July 7, 1913, on the Honey Island Plantation, seven miles southeast of Belzoni. Perkins spent much of his career accompanying blues icons such as Sonny Boy Williamson No. 2 and Muddy Waters. After he began to tour and record as a featured singer and soloist in the 1980s, Perkins earned a devoted following among enthusiasts who hailed him as the venerated elder statesman of blues piano. Rear . . . — Map (db m77268) HM
Mississippi (Humphreys County), Belzoni — 11 — The Reverend George Lee — Mississippi Freedom Trail
Front The Reverend George Lee (1903-1955), a pioneer in the early Mississippi civil rights movement, was a vice president of the Regional Council of Negro Leadership, a co-founder of the Belzoni NAACP branch, and a powerful public speaker. In the spring of 1955 he addressed a crowd of 10,000 gathered at a Mound Bayou, Mississippi, voter registration rally. Two weeks later, on May 7, he was assassinated; no one was ever charged for the murder. Rear The Reverend George . . . — Map (db m77408) HM
Mississippi (Humphreys County), Belzoni — 106 — Turner's Drug Store
Front The names of Turner’s Drug Store (located on this corner) and the Easy Pay Store across the street are etched into blues history as sponsors of some of the first radio programs in Mississippi to feature Delta blues. In 1947-48 stations in Yazoo City and Greenville began broadcasting live performances by Sonny Boy Williamson No. 2 and Elmore James from Belzoni via remote transmission. Williamson, James, and other musicians often performed outside the stores, and inside the . . . — Map (db m77270) HM
Mississippi (Humphreys County), Isola — 25 — Hank Cochran
Front One of country music's most prolific and revered songwriters, Hank Cochran (1935-2010), was born in Isola and spent his early childhood years here. He wrote "Make the World Go Away," "A Little Bitty Tear," "She's Got You," and "Don't Touch Me," and co-wrote "I Fall to Pieces." A cohort of such classic Nashville writers as Harlan Howard and Willie Nelson, Cochran also enjoyed a successful recording career of his own charting seven singles. Rear Hank Cochran . . . — Map (db m77169) HM
Mississippi (Itawamba County), Kirkville — Donivan Slough
This woodland trail takes you through a lowland where rich soil and abundant moisture support a variety of large, water-tolerant trees including tulip poplar, sycamore, and water oak.      Baldcypress thrive in the swampy backwaters of a “slue” or channel winding through the bottomland.      A 20 minute walk lets you see these trees and the dramatic way the baldcypress grow only in the wet slough. — Map (db m84763)
Mississippi (Itawamba County), Tremont — Oakland Normal Institute
W. 1 mi. Here, 1887~1904, G.A. & J. T. Holley bridged gap between rural schools and colleges for many who distinguished themselves in law, education, & business. — Map (db m29632) HM
Mississippi (Jackson County), Gautier — Creosote Works
The West Pascagoula Creosote Works, at this site, was the first continuously operated creosote treatment plant in the nation. Established in 1874 to protect railroad bridge timbers against rot and the toredo worm, the plant was open until 1978. Thousands of the treated pilings were used in building the Panama Canal. — Map (db m16726) HM
Mississippi (Jackson County), Gautier — Fernando Gautier and Sons Sawmill
This sawmill operated on this site from 1867 till 1906, employing more than twenty local citizens and producing more than 30,000 board feet of lumber per day at its peak. The sawmill was well situated with easy access to the river, railroad, plentiful forests, and a nearby creosote plant. In 1906, after a hurricane severely damaged the plant and devastated the area's timber supply, Gautier closed the sawmill. Due to the contribution of the sawmill this area was named for Fernando Gautier in the 1890's. — Map (db m16754) HM
Mississippi (Jackson County), Gautier — Gautier School
Built in 1940, the Gautier School replaced the Lyon School, built in 1918 and located 3 miles west at Hilda. The Lyon School consolidated other schools in the area, including the "Little Red Schoolhouse," built in 1890 by Walter Gautier. The "Little Red Schoolhouse" was located about 500 yards south of this site. — Map (db m20045) HM
Mississippi (Jackson County), Gautier — Graveline
In 1718 this area was settled by Jean-Baptiste Baudreau dit Graveline, born 1671 in Montreal. Arrived with d'Iberville at Fort Maurepas aboard the Renommée Jan 8, 1700. Prominent colonist~adventurer~merchant. — Map (db m81089) HM
Mississippi (Jackson County), Gautier — Historic Gautier Cemetery
Originally a burial site for the Gautier family, this cemetery contains the graves of Fernando Gautier and Henry Gautier (builder of Twelve Oaks). Members of the Clifford, Fayard, Fuller, LeBatard, Pelham, Peterson, Quinn, Saucier, Vaughan, and Ziegler families were later buried here. The earliest grave is dated 1874. — Map (db m43651) HM
Mississippi (Jackson County), Gautier — New Era Missionary Baptist Church
Organized ca. 1886, this African American church is the oldest continuous congregation in Gautier. Twice destroyed by fire, the church was rebuilt at its present site in 1893. The New Era Missionary Baptist Church choir sang at the 1936 inauguration of Governor Hugh L. White in Jackson. — Map (db m16518) HM
Mississippi (Jackson County), Gautier — The Old Place
Built c. 1867, by Fernando Upton Gautier and his wife, Theresa Fayard Gautier. The Gautiers moved to this area from Biloxi and established the F. Gautier and Sons Sawmill in 1866. The house is built from native pine cut at the sawmill, which closed in 1906. The community adopted the name Gautier about 1910. — Map (db m16756) HM
Mississippi (Jackson County), Gautier — Twelve Oaks
Built ca. 1896 by Henry Gautier (1848-1921) for his second wife, Laura Canty. Henry Gautier was the eldest son of Fernando Gautier. The house is located in the Helen Moro Spanish land grant claim and was build on the site of the McRae Hotel, a pre-Civil Ware vacation resort for coastal area residents. — Map (db m43650) HM
Mississippi (Jackson County), Lucedale — Salem Methodist Campground
Begun in 1826, the Salem Methodist Campground moved to this site in 1842. Meeting in October of each year, except 1863 & 1864, it is the oldest regularly held Methodist camp meeting in Mississippi. — Map (db m25821) HM
Mississippi (Jackson County), Moss Point — Military Service Monument
In tribute to all who have served this country with honor and distinction Memorial Day May 30 1997 Msgr. P. J. Carey Assembly #0561 4th Degree Knights of Columbus Map (db m81030) WM
Mississippi (Jackson County), Ocean Springs — Mary C. O'Keefe Cultural Center
Built in 1927 as the Ocean Springs Public School. Designed by William Nolan, the building includes panels painted by artist Walter Anderson. In 1998, the building was renamed for Mary C. O'Keefe (1893-1980), first female school superintendent in Mississippi (1929-1945). — Map (db m25820) HM
Mississippi (Jackson County), Ocean Springs — Ocean Springs World War I Memorial
In memory of the service and sacrifice of this community during the World War and Emile Ladnier killed in action November Seventh Nineteen Hundred Eighteen. — Map (db m25827) HM
Mississippi (Jackson County), Pascagoula — Pascagoula Fire Fighters
On this site on April 17, 1952, Pascagoula's newest and most modern fire truck, on its way to an emergency call collided with and was destroyed by a train called "The Hummingbird". Assistant Chief Klein Thornton, Firefighter DeWitt Monroe, and Volunteer Joe Williams were killed. Chief Jimmie Hudson was critically injured. — Map (db m16546) HM
Mississippi (Jasper County), Bay Springs — Assassination of F.M.B. "Marsh" Cook
On July 23, 1890, Marsh Cook of Jasper County was gunned down by six men after warning citizens that the 1890 Mississippi Constitutional Convention would likely limit voting rights and disfranchise black voters. Cook was a white Republican candidate for delegate to the Constitutional Convention. He had urged black voters to organize against disfranchisement. No one was ever arrested or tried for his murder. — Map (db m56188) HM
Mississippi (Jasper County), Bay Springs — Three Chopped Way
One of routes of Military & post road begun, 1807, from Natchez to Ft. Stoddert & Milledgeville, Ga. Over this trail many immigrants came into Territory & here Sam Dale operated wagon train. — Map (db m56544) HM
Mississippi (Jefferson County), Lorman — Civil War Skirmish
Here, on July 4, 1864, Union landing force, sent from Rodney by General Ellett in search of cotton, clashed with C.S.A. cavalry under Maj. Moorman & was driven back to boats. — Map (db m6411) HM
Mississippi (Jones County), Ellisville — Skirmish At Rocky Creek
Near this site on June 25, 1863, a small group of Confederate soldiers and civilians under the command of Lt. W. M. Wilson of the 43rd Tennessee Infantry, defeated a detachment of the 5th Illinois Cavalry. During the skirmish, the entire 40 man Union force, on a raid to disrupt the railroads, was killed, wounded or captured. — Map (db m61931) HM
Mississippi (Jones County), Laurel — Hotel Pinehurst
Constructed in 1914, the Hotel Pinehurst was owned and operated by T.B. Horton until 1939. The hotel included over 100 rooms, a grand lobby and entranceway, and a number of dining rooms, offices, and stores. The Arabian Theater was added in 1924. This hotel was among the first in Mississippi to offer air conditioned rooms. The Hotel Pinehurst was listed in the National Register of Historic Places in 1987 and demolished in 1988. Pinehurst Park was built where the hotel once stood. — Map (db m56546) HM
Mississippi (Lauderdale County), Meridian — Birthplace of Jimmie Rodgers
Born Sept. 8, 1897, at Meridian, Miss. Known as the “Singing Brakeman,” Rodger's recordings of Southern blues and ballads greatly contributed to the world-wide popularity of a distinctly American musical form. — Map (db m77219) HM
Mississippi (Lauderdale County), Meridian — 11 — Country Music Comes of Age
Front Meridian's Jimmie Rodgers Day festivals of the 1950s, the first held May 26, 1953, became known as National Country Music Days, marking a turning point in the nation's enthusiasm for country music. Stars and fans from every country music style, from old-time hillbilly to pop balladry and rockabilly, came together in this celebration of music that was to win fans around the world. Rear Country Music Comes of Age In 1953, as the twenty anniversary of Jimmie . . . — Map (db m77171) HM
Mississippi (Lauderdale County), Meridian — Depot Historic District
Well-preserved industrial complex grouped about a railroad depot, center of railroad industry, the impetus to Meridian's growth after 1860. Included farm products processing businesses of inventor G.W. Soule. — Map (db m60075) HM
Mississippi (Lauderdale County), Meridian — Dial House Site
Build ca. 1870 by industrialist J.R. Dial. His son, E.H. Dial, who served as mayor (1893-1901) also lived here. The city's code of ordinances was adopted during his term, and he was responsible for many civic improvements. In 1899, he wrote the play Queen of the East, in which Meridian is referred to as the “Queen City.” — Map (db m77214) HM
Mississippi (Lauderdale County), Meridian — 3 — Elsie McWilliams
Front Elsie Williamson McWilliams (1896-1985), the sister of Jimmie Rodgers's second wife Carrie, wrote or contributed to music and lyrics for thirty-nine of the songs that Rodgers performed or recorded, although she never received full credit for her work. A Meridian housewife, mother, and Sunday school music teacher, she became the first woman to sustain a successful career as a country songwriter and was inducted into the Nashville Songwriters Hall of Fame in 1979. . . . — Map (db m77170) HM
Mississippi (Lauderdale County), Meridian — Gillespie V. "Sonny" Montgomery
Buried just east of this site. “Sonny” Montgomery served in the Mississippi State Senate 1956-1966 and the U. S. House of Representatives 1967-1997. A retired Major General in the Mississippi National Guard. Montgomery championed military and veterans issues including the 1984 Montgomery G. I. Bill. — Map (db m76698) HM
Mississippi (Lauderdale County), Meridian — Highland Park
Opened in 1909 as one of the South's premier streetcar pleasure parks, it consists of 32 informally landscaped acres and contains an 1890s Dentzel Carousel which is designated a National Historic Landmark. — Map (db m77218) HM
Mississippi (Lauderdale County), Meridian — 1 — Jimmie RodgersFather of Country Music
Front Singing winningly, with storytelling clarity and physicality, of the real lives and fondest dreams of his down home audience, with varied musical backing that ranged from his own solitary guitar to rural pickers, horns, and Hawaiian bands, in just five years as a star before his early death in 1933, Jimmie Rodgers placed a defining stamp on what country music would be. Nashville’s Country Music Hall of Fame simply calls Meridian’s Singing Brakeman “The Man Who Started . . . — Map (db m77176) HM
Mississippi (Lauderdale County), Meridian — Jimmie Rodgers & The Blues
Jimmie Rodgers (1897 – 1933) is widely known as the "father of country music," but blues was a prominent element of his music. The influence of his famous "blue yodels" can be heard in the music of Mississippi blues artists including Howlin' Wolf, Mississippi John Hurt, Tommy Johnson, and the Mississippi Sheiks. His many songs include the autobiographical "T.B. Blues," which addressed the tuberculosis that eventually took his life. (Reverse text)     Jimmie Rodgers . . . — Map (db m59656) HM
Mississippi (Lauderdale County), Meridian — Lauderdale County World War I Memorial
1917 – 1918 To the glory of God and in honor of those of Lauderdale County who patriotically answered the call of our country to uphold justice and the rights of humanity and in loving remembrance of those who therein made the supreme sacrifice — Map (db m77473) WM
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