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Mississippi Markers
397 markers matched your search criteria. The first 250 markers are listed. Next 147
Mississippi (Adams County), Natchez — "The Natchez Burning"
(side 1) One of the deadliest fires in American history took the lives of over 200 people, including bandleader Walter Barnes and nine members of his dance orchestra at the Rhythm Club (less than a mile southeast of this site) on April 23, 1940. News of the tragedy reverberated throughout the country, especially among the African American community, and blues performers have recorded memorial songs such as “The Natchez Burning” and “The Mighty Fire” ever since. . . . — Map (db m70811) HM
Mississippi (Adams County), Natchez — Andrew Marschalk
Site of the printery of “father of Mississippi journalism.” Printed first book in state, 1799. Became first public printer and in 1802 founded famed newspaper, “Mississippi Herald.” — Map (db m70851) HM
Mississippi (Adams County), Natchez — Bernardo De Galvez
Don Bernardo de Galvez, Spanish Governor of Louisiana, 1776-1783, in a brilliant campaign, with the aid of regular troops, militia, volunteers, and a few Americans, captured Baton Rouge from the British on September 21, 1779. Terms included the surrender of Fort Panmure in Natchez, which was occupied by Spanish troops on October 5, 1779. The signing of the Treaty of San Lorenzo on October 27, 1795 ended Spanish control of Natchez. — Map (db m76211) HM
Mississippi (Adams County), Natchez — 123 — Bud Scott
(side 1) Clarence “Bud” Scott, Sr., led one of the most popular dance bands in the Mississippi-Louisiana region for several decades beginning around 1900. Scott (1876-1938), a lifelong Natchez resident, was renowned among both white and black audiences. Although the dances were segregated, the entire community could hear Scott when he sang from the balcony of the Natchez Confectionery at this site. Scott’s son, Clarence, Jr., (1908-1940), also known as Bud, led the band in . . . — Map (db m70852) HM
Mississippi (Adams County), Natchez — Commercial Bank Building
Built ca. 1836, this structure, a National Historic Landmark, is a fine example of the Greek Revival style. A Banker’s House attached to the rear insured security & gives the structure an unusual and practical plan. — Map (db m79346) HM
Mississippi (Adams County), Natchez — DAR And The Natchez Trace
Mrs. Egbert Jones and Mrs. Ferriday Byrnes, members of the Mississippi State Society Daughters of the American Revolution (DAR), played important roles in the development of the Natchez Trace Parkway. Mrs. Jones, of Holly Springs, State Regent 1906 - 1908, first proposed to commemorate the Natchez Trace by erecting markers along the historic trail. Mrs. Byrnes, of Natchez, became president of the Natchez Trace Association in 1934 and for over thirty years tirelessly campaigned for the . . . — Map (db m42629) HM
Mississippi (Adams County), Natchez — Forks of the Road
Site of the South's second largest slave market in the 19th century. Enslaved people were also once sold on city streets and at the landing at Natchez Under the Hill. Natchez slaves were freed in July, 1863, when Union troops occupied the city. The Forks of the Road market then became a refuge for hundreds of emancipated people. — Map (db m37433) HM
Mississippi (Adams County), Natchez — Forks of the Road Historical Site
[Panel 1:] Natchez in the Center of Slavery Slavery is central to American history. The labor of enslaved African Americans built much of the nation’s wealth and enabled it to gain its economic independence. The enslavement of people who challenged America’s fundamental commitment to freedom. You are standing at Forks of the Road, the site of several markets where enslaved humans were bought and sold from the 1830s until 1963. This was the center of the trade in Natchez, one . . . — Map (db m41533) HM
Mississippi (Adams County), Natchez — Fort Rosalie
On bluff to south stood Ft. Rosalie, established by the French in 1716. Became nucleus of settlements from which the Mississippi Territory was founded. Near this marker stood the French warehouse that was a center of bloodshed during the Natchez Massacre of 1729. Dedicated December 11, 1988 by the Mississippi State Society Daughters of the American Revolution Mrs. D. Kelly Love, State Regent — Map (db m5143) HM
Mississippi (Adams County), Natchez — Jefferson Street Methodist Church
This was the first Methodist congregration in Natchez formed in the early 1800s, and the 1st building was constructed in 1807. The 1st Sunday School south of Philadelphia, Pa., was organized here in 1829. — Map (db m29749) HM
Mississippi (Adams County), Natchez — Natchez
First Settled by French 1716-29. Lasting growth came with Britain, 1763-1779, and Spain, 1779-98. Cotton and trade made it commercial and cultural capital of Old South. — Map (db m4479) HM
Mississippi (Adams County), Natchez — Natchez City Cemetery
Established in 1822 on a ten acre tract, this cemetery grew into a park notable for its variety of 19th century iron and marble work. People of all walks of life are buried within the cemetery. — Map (db m50659) HM
Mississippi (Adams County), Natchez — Richard N. Wright
Noted African-American author of Native Son and Black Boy was born in 1908 near Natchez, where he spent his early childhood. His lifelong quest for freedom led him to Paris, France, where he died in 1960. — Map (db m10059) HM
Mississippi (Adams County), Natchez — Rosalie Cemetery
This marker is placed as a memorial to those early settlers of Natchez whose buried remains were discovered here during the Natchez Bluffs Stabilization Project in 1999. This bluff was originally part of the property purchased on December 22, 1820, by Peter Little, the builder of Rosalie. The Mississippi State Society Daughters of the American Revolution (MSSDAR) acquired the bluff in the 1970s after purchasing Rosalie in 1938. The remains of four persons were exhumed and studied by . . . — Map (db m50696) HM
Mississippi (Adams County), Natchez — Site of Bank of Mississippi
Chartered in 1809 as the only bank in Mississippi Territory and given a monopoly as the official state bank in 1818. It occupied this site in 1826 but was supplanted by Planters' Bank in 1831. Closed solvent. — Map (db m70854) HM
Mississippi (Adams County), Natchez — Spanish Colonial Natchez1779 ~ 1798
Following acquisition of the Natchez District in 1779, the Spanish founded the City of Natchez ca.1790 to serve as the capital. Under Governor Manuel Gayoso, the city was planned and surveyed by John Girault in a typical Spanish grid plan around a central plaza and church with a common, on the bluff of the Mississippi River. Dedicated March 27, 1998 by the Mississippi State Society Daughters of the American Revolution, Mrs. Erwin Connel Ward, State Regent, to commemorate the . . . — Map (db m10058) HM
Mississippi (Adams County), Natchez — Temple B'Nai IsraelEstablished 1843
Jewish Americans have been part of Mississippi’s economic, social and political life since the 1780’s. In 1843, the Jewish community of Natchez grew large enough to organize and sustain the state’s first permanent religious congregation, Temple B’Nai Israel (Children of Israel). In 1867 the congregation purchased property on Washington and Commerce streets, building its permanent synagogue in 1872. Temple B’Nai Israel became a charter member of the Union of American Hebrew Congregations in . . . — Map (db m79345) HM
Mississippi (Adams County), Natchez — The First Presbyterian Church
Congregation organized in 1817. The Sanctuary was built in 1828-29 and enlarged in 1851. The Romanesque Revival rear addition was built in 1900 in honor of Joseph Stratton, Pastor, 1843-1903. The church and its companion manse on South Rankin Street are two of the finest Federal style buildings in Mississippi. — Map (db m19027) HM
Mississippi (Adams County), Natchez — The Natchez Trace
Marked by the Daughters of the American Revolution in Mississippi 1909. This historic thoroughfare from Natchez to Nashville, Tenn. was used as a mail route in 1796. Although it was a well known Indian trail in far earlier days. — Map (db m4555) HM
Mississippi (Adams County), Natchez — William Johnson HouseNatchez, Mississippi — Friends of Libraries U.S.A. Literary Landmark
William Johnson 1809-1851 was a free African American Businessman and Diarist. His diary, covering the period from 1835-1851 and published in 1951, contains an extensive description of everyday pre-Civil War life; it is a valuable contribution to the literature of the antebellum South. His home is designated a Literary Landmark by Friends of Libraries, U.S.A. United States National Park Service - February 26, 2005. Friends of Judge George W. Armstrong Library. Friends of . . . — Map (db m34877) HM
Mississippi (Adams County), Stanton — Emerald Mound
Before you is the second largest temple mound in the United States. Only Monks Mound in Cahokia, Illinois, is larger. This eight acre mound, constructed from a natural hill, was built and used from about 1300 to 1600 by the Mississippians, ancestors of the Natchez Indians. Unlike dome shaped mounds constructed only for burials, Emerald Mound supported temples, ceremonial structures, and burials of a complex society's civic and religious leaders. — Map (db m61974) HM
Mississippi (Adams County), Stanton — Loess Bluff
This bluff shows a deep deposit of windblown topsoil known as loess (pronounced LOW–ess). It was formed during the Ice Age when glaciers covered the northern half of the United States.    At this time nearly continuous duststorms swept in from the western plains and covered this area with windblown dust to a depth of 30 to 90 feet. Here it rests on sands and clays of an ancient sea. It originally covered a vast region but in this area is now confined to a strip east of . . . — Map (db m62182) HM
Mississippi (Alcorn County), Corinth — "A beehive of Activity..."A look at Civil War Corinth — --through the eyes of wartime artists and photographers
Tents, army wagons and soldiers crowd the area around the railway depot and Tishomingo Hotel in this view. Over the course of the war it is estimated that about 300,000 troops served in Corinth or passed through this railroad junction. Civilians, including families of army officers, also came to Corinth. Some, such as nine-year-old Maude Morrow, daughter of a Union Army doctor, wrote of their experience. Maude described living in the old Tishomingo Hotel in 1862. "We...were given headquarter in . . . — Map (db m51752) HM
Mississippi (Alcorn County), Corinth — "Decision at the Crossroads" Corinth: October 4, 1862
On the morning of October 4, 1862, nearly 20,000 Confederates under Maj. Gen. Earl Van Dorn launched a massive assault on Maj. Gen. William S. Rosecrans' 20,000 Federal soldiers defending the interior line of Corinth's entrenchments. Attacking from the north and northwest, the Confederates breached the Union line at Battery Powell. A fierce street battle developed as rebel fought yankee from house to house as the fighting pressed into town. Here in front (north) of the Tishomingo Hotel, . . . — Map (db m63296) HM
Mississippi (Alcorn County), Corinth — Batte of Corinth - 1862
Site of Battery Williams. On Oct. 4 the cannonade from here devastated the Confederate troops attacking battery Robinette. The advance failed, forcing Gen. Van Dorn to withdraw his forces. — Map (db m50324) HM
Mississippi (Alcorn County), Corinth — Battery FBattle of Corinth
Only extant redan of six built in 1862 by U.S. troops as outer defense south and west of town. Taken on Oct. 3, 1862, by C.S. forces after fierce fighting. Battle resumed on Oct. 4, but C.S. troops forced to withdraw. — Map (db m66613) HM
Mississippi (Alcorn County), Corinth — Battle of Corinth1862
Site of Battery Williams. On Oct. 4 the cannonade from here devastated the Confederate troops attacking battery Robinette. The advance failed, forcing Gen. Van Dorn to withdraw his forces. — Map (db m66590) HM
Mississippi (Alcorn County), Corinth — Battle of Corinth Battery F!st. Day, October 3, 1862
The South suffered a strategic disaster when Corinth and its railroads fell to Union forces on May 30, 1862. The destruction of the Union force garrisoned in Corinth and recapture of this rail center quickly became vital Confederate objectives. In late September, 22,000 troops under Maj. Gens. Earl Van Dorn and Sterling Price marched toward Corinth to accomplish this. On the morning of October 3, the Confederates attacked from the northwest, driving in Union pickets and slowly pushing the . . . — Map (db m66676) HM
Mississippi (Alcorn County), Corinth — C.S.A. Rifle Pit
S. 3/10 mi. to rear of school. Of unique circular design, about 50 ft. in diameter, this pit was one of series built in 1862 as second line of defence against US troops advancing from Shiloh. — Map (db m50318) HM
Mississippi (Alcorn County), Corinth — Corinth
Began 1854 as Cross City. Proximity to Tennessee River and the railroads made it of great strategic value during Civil War. Battle of Corinth fought here, Oct. 3-2, 1862. — Map (db m21305) HM
Mississippi (Alcorn County), Corinth — Corinth
Began 1854 as Cross City, Proximity to Tennessee River and the railroads made it of great strategic value during the Civil War. Battle of Corinth fought here, Oct. 3-4, 1862. — Map (db m66533) HM
Mississippi (Alcorn County), Corinth — Corinth Confederate Memorial
In Memory of Confederate soldiers April -May 1862 who died from wounds or disease in the Siege of Corinth — Map (db m37280) HM
Mississippi (Alcorn County), Corinth — Corinth Panorama -- 1862
This view of Corinth appeared in Frank Leslie's Illustrated Newspaper, June 21, 1862, not long after the Union army captured the town. Despite some inaccuracies, it depicts a scene familiar to many thousands of troops from both armies. The Tishomingo Hotel is partly hidden by the railway station on the right. Prominent in the center background is the Corinth House, a popular hotel. The row of commercial buildings on the left faces Cruise Street. — Map (db m51758) HM
Mississippi (Alcorn County), Corinth — Fillmore Street Chapel
Corinth's oldest church bldg.; erected 1871 by Cumberland Presbyterian Church, the First church est. in Corinth. 1906~1976 served as Fillmore St. Pres. Ch. Now used as chapel by First United Methodist Church. — Map (db m28472) HM
Mississippi (Alcorn County), Corinth — FT. Robinette
W. 1/2 mi. Now Confederate Park. Here, Oct. 5, 1862, during Battle of Corinth, occurred a C.S.A. charge as heedless of cost as those of Pickett at Gettysburg and Light Brigade at Balaclava. — Map (db m66738) HM
Mississippi (Alcorn County), Corinth — Generals' Headquarters
Built about 1857 for Hamilton Mask. Used in Civil War as Hq. of Generals Braxton Bragg, H.W. Halleck, and John B. Hood. Donated to Corinth in 1960 by S.H. Curlee family. — Map (db m66558) HM
Mississippi (Alcorn County), Corinth — Grant’s Headquarters
Site of hq. of Gen. Ulysses Simpson Grant in June, 1862. In mid-July Grant removed to plantation home of F. E. Whitfield, Sr., about 1 mi. S. of Corinth. — Map (db m21157) HM
Mississippi (Alcorn County), Corinth — Henry Cemetery
Founded in 1879 by the Milton B. Henry family on land sold by the Chickasaws to the U.S. government in 1832. Henry purchased 160 acres in 1856. Robert Henry Young, an infant grandson of M.B. Henry, was the first person buried here. The Henry Cemetery was incorporated on September 4, 1906. — Map (db m66591) HM
Mississippi (Alcorn County), Corinth — Johnston's Headquarters
Site of Hq. of Gen. Albert Sidney Johnston, April 1~4, 1862. After his death at Shiloh, April 6, body was brought here where it lay in state, April 7, 1862. — Map (db m29280) HM
Mississippi (Alcorn County), Corinth — Oak Home
Built in 1857 for Judge W.H. Kilpatrick. Used in Civil War as headquarters of General Leonidas Polk. Bought in 1866 by Mrs. Thomas Quincy Martin and occupied continuously by her descendants. — Map (db m66557) HM
Mississippi (Alcorn County), Corinth — Oak HomeA look at Civil War Corinth — Through the eyes of wartime artists and photographers.
Judge W.H. Kilpatrick of Corinth had Oak Home built in 1857 by Tom Chesney, a local house designer and builder. Mr. M.S. Miller, a civil engineer working in Corinth shortly before the war, made this sketch in 1860, the only known Civil War vintage picture of Oak Home. Miller notes that a wood fence surrounded the whole block abd that the "fine house" was straw-colored with a yellow door bordered by sidelights. Gen. Leonidas Polk, C.S.A. occupied Oak Home in 1862 until the siege of Corinth . . . — Map (db m66700) HM
Mississippi (Alcorn County), Corinth — Retreat From Battery F
This 5-gun Union battery stood between the attacking Confederates and Corinth's inner defenses. As the Battle of Corinth progressed, Confederate troops of Brig. Gen. Dabney H. Maury's division crossed the railroad and attacked from the north; Maj. Gen. Mansfield Lovell's division swung around to the south and flanked the battery. Faced with this indefensible position the Federals abandoned Battery F and withdrew to Corinth's inner defensive works. — Map (db m66689) HM
Mississippi (Alcorn County), Corinth — Site of Rose CottageA look at Civil War Corinth — through the eyes of wartime artists and photographers
Among Corinth’s countless stories of personal wartime tragedy is that of General Albert Sidney Johnston, Confederate Commander of the War in the West , who made his headquarters in Rose Cottage. After Johnston received a fatal wound at the Battle of Shiloh, his body was returned to Corinth where it lay in state in Rose Cottage. The Confederacy suffered a great loss with the death of this commander, a close personal friend of Jefferson Davis, president of the Confederate States of America. — Map (db m29291) HM
Mississippi (Alcorn County), Corinth — Site of the Corinth House Hotel
The Corinth House stood in the distance, facing the historic railroad crossing and the Tishomingo Hotel. This photograph shows it after the Union Army occupied Corinth. In the exciting months before Corinth fell to the Union Army in 1862, townsfolk and Confederate soldiers crowded its hotels, attending dances, parties and other social events. Shortly before the Battle of Shiloh Mr. and Mrs. Pannell, owners of the Corinth House during the war, hosted a grand Confederate Ball attended by . . . — Map (db m51757) HM
Mississippi (Alcorn County), Corinth — Site of the Provost Marshal's OfficeA look at Civil War Corinth — Through the eyes of wartime artists and photographers.
The Moss House, one of Corinth's popular hotels, stood across this intersection. When the Union army occupied Corinth in 1862, the Provost Marshal established headquarters in the building. Army officers who served as provost marshal had the responsibility for policing and maintaining order among both military and civilian occupants of the town. The hotel served as a hospital after the Battles of Shiloh and Corinth. Unlike many of Corinth's buildings, the Moss House survived the war and . . . — Map (db m66739) HM
Mississippi (Alcorn County), Corinth — Texas Memorial
(Front): Texas remembers the valor and devotion of its sons which served at Corinth and its surrounding environs during the Western Campaign of 1862. Here in the days following the retreat of Southern forces from the battlefield of Shiloh, two Confederate armies combined to defend the strategic railroad crossing at Corinth. Texans from 18 different units assisted in the defense until heavily outnumbered. The Confederates were compelled to abandon the city on the 30th of May. In . . . — Map (db m42632) HM
Mississippi (Alcorn County), Corinth — The Old Tishomingo HotelA look at Civil War Corinth — --through the eyes of wartime artists and photographers
Here, at the hub of activity in 1862, stood the Tishomingo Hotel. The railway station (hidden by the train) is at the crossing of the Mobile & Ohio and Memphis & Charleston railroads. The Tishomingo was popular as an unofficial railway station and following the Battle of Shiloh it housed a Confederate hospital. Union forces occupying Corinth continued its use as a hospital. Visible in this photograph, taken after the Confederates abandoned Corinth on May 29, 1862, is a small . . . — Map (db m51753) HM
Mississippi (Alcorn County), Corinth — Union Troops at CorinthA look at Civil War Corinth — --through the eyes of wartime artists and photographers
Not a "spit and polish" outfit, but tough and practical fighters. A Civil War photographer caught this group in a candid mode. Before the 1850s, the public's conception of battle formed mostly from romanticized drawings and paintings. Photography changed that image during the Crimean War and the American Civil War, with pictures showing things the way they really ware. The photographer took this picture in the vicinity of the Tishomingo Hotel and railway station. A tent encampment can be seen . . . — Map (db m51755) HM
Mississippi (Alcorn County), Corinth — View Toward Batteries Robinett and WilliamsA Look at Civil War Corinth — through the eyes of wartime artists and photographers
Looking northwest in this view along the right-of-way of the Memphis & Charleston RR, you can see the earthworks of Battery Williams to the left of the tracks. Battery Robinett lies in the distance to the right. One of the many military tent camps in Corinth lie Robinetts between the foreground and Battery Robinett. In the Battle of Corinth, the Confederates attack focused upon the area where you are standing. Union forces finally halted the Confederate effort to regain Corinth in the savage fighting at Battery Robinett. — Map (db m29273) HM
Mississippi (Alcorn County), Jacinto — Jacinto
E. 9 mi. Founded 1836 as seat of “Old” Tishomingo, including present Alcorn & Prentiss counties. Named for battle of San Jacinto. Courthouse dates from 1854. Lost county seat, 1870. Home of Sen. E.W. Carmack. — Map (db m77399) HM
Mississippi (Attala County), Kosciusko — MFWC Birthplace
The Mississippi Federation of Women’s Clubs was founded here on May 25, 1898. Organized by Mrs. Fannie Clark Coleman of Kosciusko, charter clubs included Clarksdale, Jackson, Verona, Sallis, Okolona, Vicksburg, and Meridian. Mrs. D.N. Hebron was elected as the first president. The MFWC joined the General Federation in 1904. — Map (db m72683) HM
Mississippi (Carroll County), Coila — Sgt. John A. PittmanMedal of Honor
The Medal of Honor is the highest award for valor in action against an enemy force which can be bestowed upon an individual serving in the Armed Services of the United States of America. Sgt. Pittman earned this medal by his actions in Korea on 26 November 1950 as a Sergeant in the U.S. Army. His actions were “above and beyond the call of duty” The Medal was conferred upon him by President Harry Truman. — Map (db m62805) WM
Mississippi (Choctaw County), Ackerman — Ackerman
Chartered February 16, 1884, upon the arrival of the Canton, Aberdeen, & Nashville Railroad, and named for the company's president, William K. Ackerman. Since 1896 county seat of Choctaw County. — Map (db m51200) HM
Mississippi (Choctaw County), Ackerman — Coleman's Mill
On Yockanookany, 1/2 mi. S., was built in 1836 water mill of W.R. Coleman of Fairfield Co. S.C., first white settler after Choctaw cession in Treaty of Dancing Rabbit Creek — Map (db m51198) HM
Mississippi (Choctaw County), Ackerman — 139 — Two Steps From The BluesMississippi Blues Trail Marker
"Two Steps From the Blues" might refer to Choctaw County's location, a bit off the path from the well-known blues highways and byways of Mississippi, but it is also the title of a classic blues song written by a native of Ackerman, "Texas" Johnny Brown. The son of another Ackerman bluesman, Cranston Exerville "Clarence" Brown, Johnny was born in 1928 and moved to Texas in the 1940s. Other blues artists from the county have included Levester "Big Lucky" Carter and Therley "Speedy" Ashford, who . . . — Map (db m51199) HM
Mississippi (Claiborne County), Port Gibson — Battle of Port Gibson
On May 1, 1863, Confederate forces under Brig. Gen. John Bowen clashed with elements of two Union corps commanded by Maj. Gen. U.S. Grant. The battle began around midnight near the Shaifer House four miles west of town. At dawn, the Federals advanced against the flanks of Bowen’s line posted on the Rodney and Bruinsburg roads, but separated by deep ravines. Forced back two miles, Bowen was finally compelled by overwhelming numbers to withdraw after 5 p.m. Two months later, Vicksburg surrendered. — Map (db m35542) HM
Mississippi (Claiborne County), Port Gibson — Bayou Pierre Presbyterian Church
Following the arrival of Presbyterian missionaries in 1801, Joseph Bullen and James Smylie organized the Bayou Pierre Church at this site in 1807. After part of the congregation formed the Bethel Church southwest of here in 1824, the remaining members moved to Port Gibson. The church was renamed First Presbyterian Church of Port Gibson in 1828. During the Battle of Port Gibson, fought on May 1, 1863, the 20th Alabama Infantry was posted here, anchoring the right flank of Confederate Brig. General Edward D. Tracy's Brigade. — Map (db m70394) HM
Mississippi (Claiborne County), Port Gibson — Grindstone Ford
This ford marked the beginning of the wilderness of the Choctaw nation and the end of the old Natchez District. Nearby Fort Deposit was a supply depot for troops clearing the Trace in 1801-02, and troops were assembled here during the Burr conspiracy allegedly to separate the Western States from the Union. The site takes its name from a nearby water mill. The trail to your left takes you to the Old Trace and Grindstone Ford. — Map (db m61981) HM
Mississippi (Claiborne County), Port Gibson — Rabbit Foot Minstrels — Mississippi Blues Trail
[front:] Rabbit Foot Minstrels. During the first half of the 20th century, the African American Rabbit Foot Minstrels entertainers played a major role in spreading the blues via tours across the South. Founded in 1900, the “Foots” were headquartered in Port Gibson between 1918 and 1950 under owner F.S. Wolcott. Notable members included Gertrude “Ma” Rainey, Ida Cox, Louis Jordan, and Rufus Thomas. [logo:] Mississippi Blues Commission, est. 2003. . . . — Map (db m35545) HM
Mississippi (Claiborne County), Port Gibson — Windsor Ruins
Smith Coffee Daniell II, a successful cotton planter, completed construction of Windsor in 1861. Daniell owned 21,000 acres of plantation land in Louisiana and Mississippi. Ironically, he died in April 1861, only weeks after completing his mansion. His wife and children continued to live at Windsor but were left to suffer the loss of much of the family's holdings during the Civil War. Windsor's basic style was Greek Revival but with added details borrowed from Italianate and Gothic . . . — Map (db m70541) HM
Mississippi (Claiborne County), Utica — The Town of Rocky Springs
At the end of this trail is evidence of a once thriving rural community. First settled in the late 1790's, the town grew from a watering place along the Natchez Trace, and took its name from the source of that water - the Rocky Spring. In 1860, a total of 2,616 people lived in this area covering about 25 square miles. The population of the town proper included 3 merchants, 4 physicians, 4 teachers, 3 clergy and 13 artisans; while the surrounding farming community included 54 planters, 28 . . . — Map (db m80147) HM
Mississippi (Clay County), West Point — Howlin WolfMississippi Blues Trail
One of the giants of post-World War II Chicago blues, Chester Arthur Burnett, aka “Howlin’ Wolf,” was born in White Station, just north of West Point, on June 10, 1910. In his early teens Burnett began performing in the Delta and was later a pioneer in electrifying the Delta blues. After moving north, Burnett nonetheless remained a strong presence on the Mississippi blues scene by returning home often for visits and performances. (Back): An imposing figure both . . . — Map (db m50299) HM
Mississippi (Clay County), West Point — Waverley
E. 10 mi. Plantation home built c. 1852 by Geo. H. Young. Octagonal cupola. Gen. N.B. Forrest visited here during the Civil War. National Fox Hunters Assn. organized here. — Map (db m50160) HM
Mississippi (Clay County), West Point — Waverley
W. 5 mi. Built in 1852 by Col. Geo. H. Young, who used own plant for gas lighting. In Civil War housed refugee girls from Memphis & New Orleans, Site of organization of National Fox Hunters Association. — Map (db m51202) HM
Mississippi (Clay County), West Point — West Point
County seat of Clay ( formerly Colfax ) county. Chartered November 20, 1858, one year after the arrival of the Mobile and Ohio Railroad. — Map (db m50298) HM
Mississippi (Copiah County), Crystal Springs — Bus-Train Collision of 1942
On August 5, 1942. a southbound train collided with a westbound bus, killing fifteen bus passengers and injuring many more. The Greyhound bus, traveling from New Orleans to Jackson, stopped at the east side of the Marion Avenue railroad crossing to await the passing of a northbound freight train. As the last train car passed, the bus crossed the tracks and was struck in the rear by an unseen southbound troop train. Of the fifty-two bus passengers, twenty-six were U.S. Army Air Corps cadets. — Map (db m50894) HM
Mississippi (Copiah County), Crystal Springs — Tommy JohnsomMississippi Blues Trail Marker
Tommy Johnson (1896-November 1,1956) was one of the most influential blues artists in Mississippi in the 1920s and 1930s. He grew up in the Crystal Springs area, where he often performed with his brothers LeDell and Mager. His original songs, which were widely covered by others, included “Canned Heat Blues,” “Big Road Blues,” and “Cool Drink of Water Blues.” He is buried in the Warm Springs Methodist Church cemetery north of town. (Back): Tommy . . . — Map (db m50895) HM
Mississippi (Copiah County), Hazelhurst — Hazelhurst
Named for chief engineer of first Jackson - New Orleans railway. Last spike driven here on March 31, 1858. Town was raided by Grierson in 1863. Shipping point for cattle, truck crops, and lumber. — Map (db m50893) HM
Mississippi (Copiah County), Hazelhurst — Mrs. Annie Coleman Peyton(1852 - 1894)
Mississippi State College for Women, first state supported college for women in the U.S. was founded in 1884 through the efforts of Mrs Peyton, a citizen of Hazelhurst. — Map (db m50892) HM
Mississippi (Copiah County), Hazelhurst — Robert Johnson Birthplace
Robert Johnson born Hazelhurst, Mississippi May 8, 1911 Copiah County Map (db m50874) HM
Mississippi (Copiah County), Hazlehurst — Robert Johnson
~Front~ The legendary bluesman Robert Johnson was born on the northern outskirts of Hazlehurst to Julia Majors and Noah Johnson, on May 8, 1911 (or possibly 1912). Johnson lived in Tunica County and in Memphis as a child, but in the early 1930s he returned for a stay in the Hazlehurst area, where he honed his skills playing with local blues guitarist Ike Zinnerman. ~Back~ Robert Johnson whose body of twenty-nine recordings from 1936-37 is widely regarded as an artistic high point of . . . — Map (db m80094) HM
Mississippi (Forrest County), Brooklyn — Forrest County Agricultural High School
Created in 1911 by an act of the Mississippi Legislature, as an agricultural boarding school. Set on 320 acres of donated land. Students from across the United States, Mississippi and several foreign countries have been educated here. In 1996 FCAHS was listed as a Mississippi Landmark. — Map (db m50077) HM
Mississippi (Forrest County), Camp Shelby — 2127 — Camp Shelby
Following activation for service in both WWI and WWII, Ky. Guard units, as part of the 38th Inf. Div. were sent to Camp Shelby for training in preparation for war. Ky. National Guard units trained at Camp Shelby during WWI and WWII: 75th Brig.; 149th Inf. Reg.; 63rd Fld. Arty. Brig.; 1st and 2nd Battalion, 138th Fld. Arty. Presented by Ky. Dept. of Military Affair Map (db m71589) HM
Mississippi (Forrest County), Dixie — Dixie School Log Cabin
Citizens of the Dixie community built this structure 1/4 mile southeast of this site in the 1930s to serve as a cafeteria during the Depression era. The log cabin has also served as a meeting place, music hall and classroom. In 2003 the cabin was relocated to this site. Sponsor-M.A.R.C.L. Chapter 2583 U.D.C. — Map (db m56534) HM
Mississippi (Forrest County), Hattiesburg — Centennial of Hattiesburg
[West Side] Formerly Choctaw Territory and later claimed by France, Britain, Spain and United States, this area entered by settlers in early 1800s and known as Ewin Forks, later Gordonville. Chosen as rail center by Captain William H. Hardy in 1880 and later renamed Hattisburg after his wife, Hattie Lott. Incorporated in 1884, the city grew as rail timber and mercantile hub of south Mississippi. becoming major center of yellow pine industry and by 1911, state's fourth largest . . . — Map (db m58885) HM
Mississippi (Forrest County), Hattiesburg — Forrest County Confederate Monument
[Northeast Inscription]: C.S.A. To the Men and Women of the Confederacy 1861-1865 [Southwest Inscription]: When their county called they held back nothing. They cheerfully gave their property and their lives. Through the devotion and untiring efforts of the Hattiesburg Chapter No. 422 of the United Daughters of the Confederacy, this monument is erected to the honor and memory of those who wore the gray. — Map (db m39867) HM
Mississippi (Forrest County), Hattiesburg — HattiesburgThe Hub City
[Southeast]: "...I was returning from the trip and had reached the banks of a beautiful piney woods stream...during July or perhaps August 1800." "...I then, and there, determined to locate a station here because it was the place where cross the New Orleans and
[Northeast]: Erected to Commemorate the Centennial of Hattiesburg 1982 City of . . . — Map (db m76703) HM
Mississippi (Forrest County), Hattiesburg — Hub City Lodge No 627
Free and Accepted Masons Commemorates 96 Years of Masonry in Hattiesburg 1886 - 1982 and 100th Anniversary of Hattiesburg, Miss Faith - Hope - Charity July 16, 1982 Organized 1959 Chartered 1960 — Map (db m39897) HM
Mississippi (Forrest County), Hattiesburg — McLeod House
This Property has been placed on the National Register of Historic Places by the United States Department of the Interior McLeod House 1897 — Map (db m39904) HM
Mississippi (Forrest County), Hattiesburg — Old Federal Building
[Right Plaque]: This Building, the Old Federal Building has been listed on the National Register of Historic Places by the U.S. Department of Interior September 1973 • • • Supervised by architect James Knox Taylor, this first federal building in Hattiesburg was completed in 1910 as the U.S. Post Office, and served as such until 1932 when the present Post Office, across Pine Street, was completed. The building was remodeled in 1939 to serve the Hattiesburg . . . — Map (db m44961) HM
Mississippi (Forrest County), Hattiesburg — Old Hattiesburg High School
Under the direction of Principal J.T. Wallace, this building was Hattiesburg's High School from 1922 to 1959. Built in 1911, the structure acquired its present form when enlarged and remodeled in 1921 to the designs of Robert E. Lee, the city's most prominent architect of the early twentieth century. — Map (db m39906) HM
Mississippi (Forrest County), Hattiesburg — Veterans of All Wars Monument
Army Air Force Navy Marine For God and County Allen B. Carter Post No. 24 and Is Auxiliary Unit The American Legion, Hattiesburg, Miss. Dedicates This Monument to The Veterans of All Wars Living or Dead — Map (db m76704) HM
Mississippi (Forrest County), Hattiesburg — William Carey College
E. 1 mi. Founded 1906 as S. Miss. College. Operated by Bapt. as Miss. Woman's College 1911-40. Coeducational 1953. Name changed to honor William Carey, 18th century English missionary. — Map (db m39896) HM
Mississippi (Forrest County), Hattiesburg — William Harris Hardy
In 1880 near the banks of Gordon Creek, this lawyer, railroad builder and Confederate veteran selected the site for Hattiesburg. Incorporated in 1884, the town was named for Hardy's wife, Hattie Lott. — Map (db m40050) HM
Mississippi (Forrest County), Hattiesburg — William Harris Hardy1837 - 1917 — Lawyer Statesman Soldier
Builder of Railroads Pioneer in the Development of the Resources of South Mississippi Founder of the Cities of Hattiesburg and Gulfport A Dreamer Whose dreams Came True — Map (db m76705) HM
Mississippi (Forrest County), Maxie — Old West Florida
Area to south, originally part of French Louisiana, became West Florida under England and Spain. After West Florida Revolution annexed by U. S. and in 1812 was added to the Mississippi Territory. — Map (db m39002) HM
Mississippi (George County), Lucedale — "Ornamental Nursery Capital of Mississippi"
In 1898, E.E. Bolen established a nursery and orchard company in George County. Other wholesale nurseries were established in the early 1900s. The production of ornamental plants, trees and shrubs has since become a thriving commercial industry in the area. — Map (db m56545) HM
Mississippi (Hancock County), Bay St. Louis — Naval Battle of Bay St. Louis
On Dec. 14, 1814, five U.S. gunboats fired on a British fleet entering Lake Borgne. Their action was the last naval defense of the U.S. before the victory of General Andrew Jackson at New Orleans. — Map (db m78939) HM
Mississippi (Hancock County), Bay St. Louis — Publius Rutilius Rufus Pray
Born in Maine, 1793, Hancock Co. judge. Served in Miss. House of Representatives, 1827 - 29. Pres. of St. Const. Conven., 1832. Elected judge of High Court of Errors and Appeals, 1837. Died 1840. — Map (db m80400) HM
Mississippi (Hancock County), Gainesville — Gainesville Volunteers
In 1860, Mark Deason, a Mexican War Veteran, organized a militia compnay here. The "Gainesville Volunteers" entered Confederate service in 1861 as Co. G. of the Third Mississippi Infantry. During the Civil War the unit served in the Gulf Coast region and fought in the Vicksburg, Atlanta, Middle Tennessee,and Carolina campaigns. — Map (db m8755) HM
Mississippi (Hancock County), Waveland — Brown's Vineyard
Located at this site, Brown's Vineyard, established 1874, was a popular resort during the late 19th and early 20th centuries. The wine, produced on site from scuppernong grapes, was marketed and sold across the United States. The vineyard, which also provided entertainment, was forced to close in 1920 due to Prohibition. — Map (db m49061) HM
Mississippi (Harrison County), Biloxi — Biloxi
Founded by the French as "New Biloxi." Capital of French colony of Louisiana, 1721-1722, prior to French removal to New Orleans. Incorporated as a town in 1850 by the Mississippi Legislature. — Map (db m68449) HM
Mississippi (Harrison County), Biloxi — Biloxi Lighthouse
Since its construction in 1848, this cast iron lighthouse has been the landmark for which Biloxi-bound vessels sail. Tended by the Younghans family, father, mother and daughter, from late 1866 till 1929. — Map (db m22778) HM
Mississippi (Harrison County), Biloxi — Birthplace of Barq's
Barq's root beer was created by Edward C. Barq, Sr. in 1898 and produced on this site until 1936, when the operation moved to Lameuse Street. A Mississippi Gulf Coast favorite, the number of franchise bottlers grew to over two hundred by 1950. Acquired by The Coca-Cola Company in 1995. — Map (db m68425) HM
Mississippi (Harrison County), Biloxi — Cathedral of the Nativity (B.V.M.)
Parent Catholic Parish on the Mississippi Gulf Coast, continuing missions dating back to French Colonial era. First church on this site dedicated 1844. Rebuilt after fire in 1900. Dedicated Cathedral for Diocese of Biloxi 1977. Restored in 1989 after damage by major hurricanes over a twenty-year period. — Map (db m22980) HM
Mississippi (Harrison County), Biloxi — 21 — Chris LeDoux
(front) Born in Biloxi, Chris LeDoux (1948-2005), the Singing Bronc Rider, pursued dreams of success as both a competitive rodeo cowboy and latter day Western singing star and achieved both. The 1976 World Champion Bareback Bronc Rider released modern and traditional cowboy song records for his rodeo fans from 1973-1991. When Garth Brooks, a fan of LeDoux’s exuberant live performing style mentioned him in a 1989 hit, LeDoux became a major label star on Capitol Records himself. . . . — Map (db m79086) HM
Mississippi (Harrison County), Biloxi — Civil Rights Wade-Ins
On May 14, 1959, April 24, 1960, and June 23, 1963, the Biloxi beach front was the site of planned civil rights wade-ins demanding equal access to the public beach. On April 24, 1960, several citizens, both black and white, were injured and arrested, including the leader of the wade-ins, physician Dr. Gilbert R. Mason Sr. This series of protests gave birth to the Biloxi branch of the NAACP, major voter registration drives in 1960, and a 1968 federal court ruling opening the beach to all citizens. — Map (db m68460) HM
Mississippi (Harrison County), Biloxi — Debuys-Hermann-Keller House
The Greek Revival mansion once located here was a "raised cottage" (meaning it was composed of a frame upper story set upon an above-ground brick basement to protect the wooden portion from moisture and insects.) Probably built ca. 1850 for Peter Debuys, a French planter. It was acquired in 1851 by New Orleans cotton broker L.F. Hermann and in 1871 by John Henry Keller. A New Orleans manufacturer and philanthropist. Keller organized the Seashore Assembly in Biloxi. The house was lost in Hurricane Katrina in 2005. — Map (db m68423) HM
Mississippi (Harrison County), Biloxi — Moran Site
Located here was a French Colonial cemetery, now known as the Moran Site. Based on archaeological investigations, the cemetery dates to the founding of "New Biloxy" between 1717 and 1722, and includes at least thirty burials, primarily male Europeans. Artifacts recovered from the site include ceramics, a French Colonial wine glass and a metal crucifix. The Moran Site is the oldest known French Colonial cemetery in the South and the second oldest in the United States. — Map (db m68448) HM
Mississippi (Harrison County), Biloxi — Old Brick House
Site granted by Spanish to Jean Baptiste Carquote in 1790. Residence in Civil War of Mayor John L. Henley, who led defense against Union fleet, Sept., 1861. Restoration by Biloxi Garden Clubs. — Map (db m42855) HM
Mississippi (Harrison County), Biloxi — Robinson-Maloney-Dantzler House
Originally a raised-cottage Greek Revival mansion similar to Beauvoir, the house located here was built ca. 1849 by J.G. Robinson, a wealthy English cotton planter. It was the center of an estate that included a ten-pin bowling alley, billiard hall, bath house, thoroughbred stables, kennels, gardens and a wharf for docking two prized yachts. About 1908 the Maloney family enlarged the house with a second story addition and two-tiered wrap-around porches in the Neo-Classical style. Destroyed by Hurricane Katrina in 2005. — Map (db m68456) HM
Mississippi (Harrison County), Biloxi — The Magnolia Hotel
Built by John Hohn in 1847. Its operation for a century attests to the Gulf Coast as a resort area. In 1972 structure moved to present location 100 yds. north of original site & restored by City of Biloxi. — Map (db m68447) HM
Mississippi (Harrison County), Biloxi — Tivoli Hotel
A six-story, blonde-brick structure with an arcaded gallery that wrapped its first story, the Italian Renaissance Revival-style Tivoli Hotel was one of Biloxi's early 20th century resorts, built in 1926-27 to designs by local architect Carl E. Matthes. The hotel was expanded in the 1950s and renamed the Tradewinds. The Tivoli was heavily damaged in 2005 when rammed by a block-long casino barge propelled by Hurricane Katrina's storm surge. It was later demolished. — Map (db m68464) HM
Mississippi (Harrison County), Biloxi — William Bartram Trail
William Bartram, noted naturalist and journalist, traveled down the Mississippi and along the Gulf Coast in 1777. His observations of plant life, geography and inhabitants were published in 1791. — Map (db m79087) HM
Mississippi (Harrison County), Biloxi — Woolmarket
S. 3 mi. Once center of wool industry. Here on July 16, 1910; three rural schools formed Woolmarket Vocational High School, considered to be the first consolidated high school in the state. — Map (db m20010) HM
Mississippi (Harrison County), Gulfport — Gulf Coast Military Academy
This preparatory school for boys was founded in 1912. The senior division campus, closed in 1951, is now the site of the Armed Forces Retirement Home-Gulfport, formerly known as the United States Naval Home. The junior division campus, closed in 1976, was one quarter mile to the east. "Send us the boy and we will return the man." — Map (db m68452) HM
Mississippi (Harrison County), Gulfport — Gulfport Civil Rights Wade-In
Near this spot on April 17 and April 24, 1960, Gulfport NAACP president Dr. Felix Dunn and his family joined in peaceful "wade-in" demonstrations to challenge the laws denying African-Americans use of the beach. Gulfport police officers removed the protestors but filed no charges. In Biloxi, similar protests led to arrests and white mob violence. These protests prompted the first intervention of the Civil Rights Division of the U. S. Justice Department challenging Mississippi's segregationist laws and practices. — Map (db m68450) HM
Mississippi (Harrison County), Gulfport — Kellier-Sternberg House
The Iconic-columned, neoclassical house that once stood here was originally built ca. 1900 by T.G.B. Kellier and was later owned by Edward Sternberg, southeastern claims and litigation manager for the Louisville & Nashville Railroad. In 1999, the "Chimneys" restaurant moved into the house from its former location at the Long Beach harbor. The house was destroyed by Hurricane Katrina in 2005. — Map (db m68459) HM
Mississippi (Hinds County), Bolton — 175 — Charley Patton Birthplace
~Front~ Mississippi blues master Charley Patton was born on this property when it was known as Herring's Place, according to Bolton bluesman Sam Chatmon. Patton's birthdate has often been reported as April 1891, but other sources cite earlier dates, including 1881, 1885, and 1887. (Birth certificates were not required in Mississippi until 1912.) Patton's astounding body of recorded work (1929-1934) remains unparalleled, and his live performances were reportedly even more awe-inspiring. Patton . . . — Map (db m80015) HM
Mississippi (Hinds County), Clinton — Clinton Cemetery
Established ca. 1800, the Clinton Cemetery is one of the oldest in central Mississippi. Buried here are families of pioneer settlers, ten college presidents, and sixty-three Confederate soldiers. — Map (db m69598) HM
Mississippi (Hinds County), Clinton — Cowles Mead Cemetery
Like many of his generation, Mead came from the east seeking opportunity in the Mississippi Territory. He owned a tavern on the Old Trace near Natchez and held several political offices, including acting governor in 1806. During this time, he ordered the arrest of Aaron Burr for treason but the former Vice President was acquitted. Mead followed the growth of the state and moved to the Jackson area. He built his beautifully landscaped home, “Greenwood” on this site. Little remains . . . — Map (db m69679) HM
Mississippi (Hinds County), Clinton — Indian Trading Post
Operated at junction of Natchez Trace and Old Vicksburg Rd. by Robert H. Bell(1783-1835) & his "yellow man Vincent", freed by Bell's will in 1835. Bell-Vincent Scholarship, Millsaps College, endowed with funds from the sale of this land, memorializes master and slave. — Map (db m50873) HM
Mississippi (Hinds County), Edwards — Change of Plans
On May 12, 1863, Grant made his headquarters here at Dillon's Farm with Sherman's XV Corps. At Raymond, five and a half miles east along Fourteenmile Creek, McPherson's XVII Corps, with 12,000 men, defeated 3,000 Confederates under John Gregg. Grant heard the guns at Raymond and at sundown learned that McPherson was victorious. Realizing that Confederate forces were now on both his left and right flanks, however, Grant changed his planned movement north and ordered the army to wheel toward Jackson. — Map (db m80242) HM
Mississippi (Hinds County), Edwards — North to the Railroads
On May 12, 1863, after Grant and two divisions of the XV Corps marched past, three divisions of the XIII Corps turned here onto the Telegraph Road. Four miles north, they met a portion of the 1st Missouri (Dismounted) Cavalry at Whitaker's Ford. After the Confederates fell back, the Federals secured the ford. Meanwhile, McClernand's reserve division captured Montgomery Bridge, two and a half miles west of Whitaker's Ford, securing Grant's left flank four and a half miles from the railroad. — Map (db m80290) HM
Mississippi (Hinds County), Jackson — 87 — Ace Records
Ace Records, founded in 1955 by Johnny Vincent (1925-2000), was the most successful Mississippi-based label of the 1950s and 1960s. Ace’s extensive catalog of blues, R&B, pop, rock, and soul included records by Mississippi blues artists Arthur Crudup, Sam Myers, King Edward, Pat Brown, and Willie Clayton, as well as hit singles by Louisiana singers Jimmy Clanton, Frankie Ford, Huey “Piano” Smith, and Earl King. Ace was based for many years on this block of West Capitol Street. . . . — Map (db m49681) HM
Mississippi (Hinds County), Jackson — Carter Jewelers
Established in 1849 by Carl J. Von Seutter as the Carl J. Von Seutter Jewelry and Art Emporium, this business was once located in the Majestic Arcade Building on Capitol Street. In 1918, one of Von Seutter's employees, John C. Carter, purchased the store. After his death in 1946, Lee G. Letwinger bought the business and moved it to this location. Purchased by Jerry Lake in 1997, Carter Jewelers is considered one of the oldest continuously operating jewelry businesses in the United States. — Map (db m51181) HM
Mississippi (Hinds County), Jackson — 100 — Cassandra Wilson
~Front~ Grammy Award-winning jazz vocalist Cassandra Wilson, a native of Jackson, is known for her broad explorations of various forms of music, including the blues. Her recordings include versions of songs by Delta blues artists Robert Johnson, Son House, and Muddy Waters. Wilson’s father, bassist Herman Fowlkes, Jr., was a leading musician on the Jackson jazz scene. He recorded with Sonny Boy Williamson No. 2 and other blues artists. Wilson grew up here on Albermarle Road. . . . — Map (db m72134) HM
Mississippi (Hinds County), Jackson — 155 — Edwards Hotel
Constructed in 1923 and renamed the King Edward Hotel in 1954, the Edwards Hotel was the site of temporary studios set up by OKeh Records in 1930 and the American Record Corporation in 1935 to record blues artists Bo Carter, Robert Wilkins, Joe McCoy, Isaiah Nettles, the Mississippi Sheiks, and others. The Mississippi Sheiks also performed at the hotel, and Houston Stackhouse recalled that he played here together with fellow bluesman Robert Nighthawk and country music pioneer Jimmie Rodgers. . . . — Map (db m49680) HM
Mississippi (Hinds County), Jackson — Eudora Welty House
Eudora Welty (1909-2001), one of the most acclaimed writers of the twentieth century, lived in this house for seventy six years. This house was built by Welty's parents, Christian and Chestina Welty. In 1925, Eudora Welty wrote all of her major works here, including the Pulitzer Prize winning novel The Optomist's Daughter. Welty and her mother were devoted gardeners, and many of the flowers and bushes they planted still grow in the garden, The Eudora Welty House is a National Historic Landmark. — Map (db m49453) HM
Mississippi (Hinds County), Jackson — Fortenberry-Parkman Farm
This typical family farmstead was in operation from 1860 to 1960. The buildings were moved from Jefferson Davis Co. in 1981 and restored through the generosity of the family, friends and county supervisors. — Map (db m69944) HM
Mississippi (Hinds County), Jackson — Greenwood Cemetery
Established by federal grant of 1821. Originally "The Graveyard"; later "City Cemetery"; & in 1899 received present name. here lie 7 state governors, many other city and state leaders, and in unmarked graves over 100 Confederate soldiers. — Map (db m51179) HM
Mississippi (Hinds County), Jackson — 104 — Ishmon Bracey
~Front~ One of the earliest blues musicians from Mississippi to make recordings, Ishmon Bracey (1899-1970) is buried in the nearby Willow Park Cemetery. In the 1920s and '30s Bracey was a leading bluesman in the Jackson area and performed with prominent artists including Tommy Johnson, Rube Lacy, and Charlie McCoy. In the early '50s Bracey became an ordained minister and left the blues behind. ~Back~ Bracey was born in Byram, about ten miles south of Jackson, in . . . — Map (db m71512) HM
Mississippi (Hinds County), Jackson — Jackson City Hall
Built 1846-47 by slave labor, of handmade brick. Original cost $7505.58. John Oldham, Mayor, Will Gibbon Arch. Used as hospital for both Union and Confederate soldiers during war between the states. This building was spared when the town, having been burned three times, became known as "Chimneyville" — Map (db m49682) HM
Mississippi (Hinds County), Jackson — MFWC Headquarters
The Mississippi Federation of Women’s Clubs, organized in 1898 in Kosciusko, moved into this headquarters building in 1936. Designed by architect Robert Naef and built by the Works Projects Administration, the structure is of the Georgian-Revival style. Listed in the National Register of Historic Places in 1988. — Map (db m72679) HM
Mississippi (Hinds County), Jackson — Millsaps College
Chartered Feb. 21, 1890 by Miss. Methodists. Named for & largely endowed by Maj. R.W. Millsaps. Bishop C.B. Galloway first president of board; Bishop W.B. Murrah first president of college. — Map (db m51205) HM
Mississippi (Hinds County), Jackson — Mississippi's Old Capitol
As the state capitol (1839-1903), this building was the site of the 1861 Secession Convention and 1868 and 1890 Constitutional Conventions. Andrew Jackson, Henry Clay, and Jefferson Davis spoke here. After housing state offices 1917-1959, the Old Capitol was restored and opened in 1961 as the state historical museum. Damaged by Hurricane Katrina in 2005, it was restored again and reopened in 2009. — Map (db m71069) HM
Mississippi (Hinds County), Jackson — Monument to Women of the Confederacy
(South face) Our Mothers To the women of the Confederacy “Whose pious ministrations to our wounded soldiers soothed the last hours of those who died far from the objects of their tenderest love, whose domestic labors contributed much to supply the wants of our defenders in the field, whose zealous faith in our cause shone a guiding star undimmed by the darkest clouds of war, whose fortitude sustained them under all the privations to which they were subjected, whose floral . . . — Map (db m16720) HM
Mississippi (Hinds County), Jackson — Noel House
On this site was the house of Andrew J and Susie Davis Noel, built 1924. Active in the NAACP the Noels hosted Freedom Riders here in 1960. In 1948, Gladys Noel Bates filed the first lawsuit in the state seeking equal pay for black public school teachers. In 1951, equal pay was approved by the Mississippi Legislature. — Map (db m51173) HM
Mississippi (Hinds County), Jackson — Old Capitol
Begun in 1833. Here Henry Clay, Andrew Jackson, and Jefferson Davis spoke. Was scene of 1861 Secession Convention, Black and Tan Convention of 1868, & 1890 Constitutional Convention. — Map (db m71070) HM
Mississippi (Hinds County), Jackson — Pocahontas Mounds
Built and used between A.D 1000 and 1300, this platform mound and a nearby burial mound mark the ceremonial and political seat of a regional chiefdom of the Plaquemine culture. A thatched, clay-plastered ritual temple or chief's lodging stood atop this mound. Dwellings of villagers occupied surrounding fields. — Map (db m77266) HM
Mississippi (Hinds County), Jackson — St. Marks Episcopal Church
This church, organized in 1883, began as a Sunday School mission to blacks under the episcopate of Bishop Hugh M Thompson. The first instructor was a Mr. Williams, an African American. The Rev. Richard T Middleton became the first priest in 1904. This building was constructed in 1927 under the leadership of the Rev. James T Jeffery. It housed a day school and the Fannie Johnson Memorial Clinic for the needy, regardless of race or creed. Parish status was attained in 1983, under the Rt. Rev. Duncan M Gray, Jr., Bishop — Map (db m51176) HM
Mississippi (Hinds County), Jackson — Summers Hotel & Subway LoungeMississippi Blues Trail Marker
During the era of segregation, traveling African Americans had few options for lodging. In Jackson, many black musicians stayed at the Summers Hotel, established in 1944 by W.J. Summers. In 1966 Summers opened a club in the hotel basement that he called the Subway Lounge. The Subway was a regular jazz venue and offered popular late night blues shows from the mid-1980s until the hotel’s demolition in 2004. (Back): During the segregated 1940s, ’50s, and ’60s, the two main Jackson . . . — Map (db m71513) HM
Mississippi (Hinds County), Jackson — Temple Beth Israel
Jackson's Jewish congregation was organized in 1861. While not the first congregation in Mississippi, Beth Israel was the first to build a temple. In 1867-1868 a wood frame structure was built on this site. Used as both a school and a house of worship, the building burned in 1874. Rebuilt here, the temple was relocated in 1940. — Map (db m40494) HM
Mississippi (Hinds County), Jackson — The Alamo TheatreMississippi Blues Trail Marker
The Alamo Theatre opened at this location in 1949. Prior to that the Alamo occupied two other spots in the area. The theatre showed movies, hosted music competitions, and presented blues and jazz concerts by artists such as Nat “King” Cole, Elmore James, Louis Jordan, and Cab Calloway during the 1940s and ‘50s. Gospel groups and vocal ensembles also performed. Local resident Dorothy Moore’s many victories at Alamo talent contests ultimately led to a successful recording career. . . . — Map (db m51197) HM
Mississippi (Hinds County), Jackson — The Eagle and Bowman Hotels
Two of Jackson’s historic hotels once stood at this site. The Eagle Hotel, originally a tavern, was built in 1823. Andrew Jackson was a guest here in 1840.Alexander McClung, editor and Mexican War hero, committed suicide at the hotel in 1855. The Eagle was torn down in 1856 and replaced in 1857 by the Bowman House, a five story brick structure. The scene of frequent political and social events, the hotel also served briefly as Union headquarters on May 14, 1863. The Bowman House burned on June 9, 1863. — Map (db m51178) HM
Mississippi (Hinds County), Jackson — The Gowdy Community
The Gowdy community was first settled prior to 1903. Named for Mr. W.B. Gowdy, former president of the Delta Cotton Oil and Fertilizer Plant. This African American community was awarded its own U.S. postal stop in 1915. The Gowdy community is located along the Yazoo and Mississippi Valley Railroad and west of Terry Road, and is bordered by Lynch, Hattiesburg, and Dansby Streets. The community encompasses the areas known as Washington Addition, Jackson College Addition, and Washington Annex. — Map (db m71366) HM
Mississippi (Hinds County), Jackson — Trumpet RecordsMississippi Blues Trail marker
Trumpet Records was the first record company in Mississippi to achieve national stature through its distribution, sales, radio airplay and promotion. Willard and Lillian McMurry launched the label from their retail store, the Record Mart, here at 309 North Farish Street, in 1950, and later converted the back room into a recording studio. The first releases by Mississippi blues legends Sonny Boy Williamson No. 2, Elmore James, and Willie Love appeared on Trumpet in 1951. (Back): . . . — Map (db m51196) HM
Mississippi (Hinds County), Jackson — U.S.S. Mississippi
Figurehead of the Second Battleship Mississippi Presented to the State of Mississippi By the U.S. Navy Department December 1909 — Map (db m5142) HM
Mississippi (Hinds County), Jackson — Union Battery Position
Following the surrender of Vicksburg on July 4, 1863, Union forces under William T. Sherman pursued Joseph E. Johnston's Confederate army to Jackson and laid siege to the city. North of Jackson, Parke's IX Corps moved astride the Canton Road and placed artillery on this ridge, near the site of the state insane asylum. On July 11-14, the six guns of Batteries L and M, 3rd U.S. Artillery, fired 257 rounds into the city and its defenses. This gun emplacement is one of few intact Civil War site in Jackson. — Map (db m71101) HM WM
Mississippi (Hinds County), Raymond — Battle of Raymond
May 12, 1863, on Fourteen Mile Creek, 2,500 Confederate troops under Gen. John Gregg attacked a 10,000 man corps under Gen. James B. McPherson. Outnumbered, Gregg was forced to withdraw to Jackson. — Map (db m26145) HM
Mississippi (Hinds County), Raymond — The McCoy Brothers
(side 1) Joe McCoy and his brother Charlie McCoy, both born on a farm near Raymond, performed and recorded widely during the pre-World War II era, but their most important legacy may rest with the songs they wrote or cowrote. These include “Corrine Corrina,” which became a folk music standard, “When the Levee Breaks,” which was covered by Led Zeppelin, and “Why Don’t You Do Right,” a hit for both blues singer Lil Green and pop star Peggy Lee. . . . — Map (db m70324) HM
Mississippi (Hinds County), Utica — Utica
Incorporated March 5, 1880, and named for the native city of Ozias Osborn, an early settler from New York. Utica is noted for the great number of its citizens who have become educators of the deaf. — Map (db m80234) HM
Mississippi (Humphreys County), Belzoni — 73 — Denise LaSalle
Front Soul and blues star Denise LaSalle was born Denise Allen near Sidon in rural Leflore County on July 16, 1939, but spent much of her childhood here in Belzoni. After moving to Chicago in her teens, she began writing songs and scored the first of many self-penned hits in 1971 with the No. 1 R&B single “Trapped By a Thing Called Love.” LaSalle’s direct and often provocative style on stage also led to great success as a live performer. Rear Denise . . . — Map (db m77269) HM
Mississippi (Humphreys County), Belzoni — 38 — Pinetop Perkins
Front Blues piano master Joe Willie “Pinetop” Perkins was born on July 7, 1913, on the Honey Island Plantation, seven miles southeast of Belzoni. Perkins spent much of his career accompanying blues icons such as Sonny Boy Williamson No. 2 and Muddy Waters. After he began to tour and record as a featured singer and soloist in the 1980s, Perkins earned a devoted following among enthusiasts who hailed him as the venerated elder statesman of blues piano. Rear . . . — Map (db m77268) HM
Mississippi (Humphreys County), Belzoni — 11 — The Reverend George Lee — Mississippi Freedom Trail
Front The Reverend George Lee (1903-1955), a pioneer in the early Mississippi civil rights movement, was a vice president of the Regional Council of Negro Leadership, a co-founder of the Belzoni NAACP branch, and a powerful public speaker. In the spring of 1955 he addressed a crowd of 10,000 gathered at a Mound Bayou, Mississippi, voter registration rally. Two weeks later, on May 7, he was assassinated; no one was ever charged for the murder. Rear The Reverend George . . . — Map (db m77408) HM
Mississippi (Humphreys County), Belzoni — 106 — Turner's Drug Store
Front The names of Turner’s Drug Store (located on this corner) and the Easy Pay Store across the street are etched into blues history as sponsors of some of the first radio programs in Mississippi to feature Delta blues. In 1947-48 stations in Yazoo City and Greenville began broadcasting live performances by Sonny Boy Williamson No. 2 and Elmore James from Belzoni via remote transmission. Williamson, James, and other musicians often performed outside the stores, and inside the . . . — Map (db m77270) HM
Mississippi (Humphreys County), Isola — 25 — Hank Cochran
Front One of country music's most prolific and revered songwriters, Hank Cochran (1935-2010), was born in Isola and spent his early childhood years here. He wrote "Make the World Go Away," "A Little Bitty Tear," "She's Got You," and "Don't Touch Me," and co-wrote "I Fall to Pieces." A cohort of such classic Nashville writers as Harlan Howard and Willie Nelson, Cochran also enjoyed a successful recording career of his own charting seven singles. Rear Hank Cochran . . . — Map (db m77169) HM
Mississippi (Itawamba County), Tremont — Oakland Normal Institute
W. 1 mi. Here, 1887~1904, G.A. & J. T. Holley bridged gap between rural schools and colleges for many who distinguished themselves in law, education, & business. — Map (db m29632) HM
Mississippi (Jackson County), Gautier — Creosote Works
The West Pascagoula Creosote Works, at this site, was the first continuously operated creosote treatment plant in the nation. Established in 1874 to protect railroad bridge timbers against rot and the toredo worm, the plant was open until 1978. Thousands of the treated pilings were used in building the Panama Canal. — Map (db m16726) HM
Mississippi (Jackson County), Gautier — Fernando Gautier and Sons Sawmill
This sawmill operated on this site from 1867 till 1906, employing more than twenty local citizens and producing more than 30,000 board feet of lumber per day at its peak. The sawmill was well situated with easy access to the river, railroad, plentiful forests, and a nearby creosote plant. In 1906, after a hurricane severely damaged the plant and devastated the area's timber supply, Gautier closed the sawmill. Due to the contribution of the sawmill this area was named for Fernando Gautier in the 1890's. — Map (db m16754) HM
Mississippi (Jackson County), Gautier — Gautier School
Built in 1940, the Gautier School replaced the Lyon School, built in 1918 and located 3 miles west at Hilda. The Lyon School consolidated other schools in the area, including the "Little Red Schoolhouse," built in 1890 by Walter Gautier. The "Little Red Schoolhouse" was located about 500 yards south of this site. — Map (db m20045) HM
Mississippi (Jackson County), Gautier — Historic Gautier Cemetery
Originally a burial site for the Gautier family, this cemetery contains the graves of Fernando Gautier and Henry Gautier (builder of Twelve Oaks). Members of the Clifford, Fayard, Fuller, LeBatard, Pelham, Peterson, Quinn, Saucier, Vaughan, and Ziegler families were later buried here. The earliest grave is dated 1874. — Map (db m43651) HM
Mississippi (Jackson County), Gautier — New Era Missionary Baptist Church
Organized ca. 1886, this African American church is the oldest continuous congregation in Gautier. Twice destroyed by fire, the church was rebuilt at its present site in 1893. The New Era Missionary Baptist Church choir sang at the 1936 inauguration of Governor Hugh L. White in Jackson. — Map (db m16518) HM
Mississippi (Jackson County), Gautier — The Old Place
Built c. 1867, by Fernando Upton Gautier and his wife, Theresa Fayard Gautier. The Gautiers moved to this area from Biloxi and established the F. Gautier and Sons Sawmill in 1866. The house is built from native pine cut at the sawmill, which closed in 1906. The community adopted the name Gautier about 1910. — Map (db m16756) HM
Mississippi (Jackson County), Gautier — Twelve Oaks
Built ca. 1896 by Henry Gautier (1848-1921) for his second wife, Laura Canty. Henry Gautier was the eldest son of Fernando Gautier. The house is located in the Helen Moro Spanish land grant claim and was build on the site of the McRae Hotel, a pre-Civil Ware vacation resort for coastal area residents. — Map (db m43650) HM
Mississippi (Jackson County), Lucedale — Salem Methodist Campground
Begun in 1826, the Salem Methodist Campground moved to this site in 1842. Meeting in October of each year, except 1863 & 1864, it is the oldest regularly held Methodist camp meeting in Mississippi. — Map (db m25821) HM
Mississippi (Jackson County), Ocean Springs — Mary C. O'Keefe Cultural Center
Built in 1927 as the Ocean Springs Public School. Designed by William Nolan, the building includes panels painted by artist Walter Anderson. In 1998, the building was renamed for Mary C. O'Keefe (1893-1980), first female school superintendent in Mississippi (1929-1945). — Map (db m25820) HM
Mississippi (Jackson County), Ocean Springs — Ocean Springs World War I Memorial
In memory of the service and sacrifice of this community during the World War and Emile Ladnier killed in action November Seventh Nineteen Hundred Eighteen. — Map (db m25827) HM
Mississippi (Jackson County), Pascagoula — Pascagoula Fire Fighters
On this site on April 17, 1952, Pascagoula's newest and most modern fire truck, on its way to an emergency call collided with and was destroyed by a train called "The Hummingbird". Assistant Chief Klein Thornton, Firefighter DeWitt Monroe, and Volunteer Joe Williams were killed. Chief Jimmie Hudson was critically injured. — Map (db m16546) HM
Mississippi (Jasper County), Bay Springs — Assassination of F.M.B. "Marsh" Cook
On July 23, 1890, Marsh Cook of Jasper County was gunned down by six men after warning citizens that the 1890 Mississippi Constitutional Convention would likely limit voting rights and disfranchise black voters. Cook was a white Republican candidate for delegate to the Constitutional Convention. He had urged black voters to organize against disfranchisement. No one was ever arrested or tried for his murder. — Map (db m56188) HM
Mississippi (Jasper County), Bay Springs — Three Chopped Way
One of routes of Military & post road begun, 1807, from Natchez to Ft. Stoddert & Milledgeville, Ga. Over this trail many immigrants came into Territory & here Sam Dale operated wagon train. — Map (db m56544) HM
Mississippi (Jefferson County), Lorman — Civil War Skirmish
Here, on July 4, 1864, Union landing force, sent from Rodney by General Ellett in search of cotton, clashed with C.S.A. cavalry under Maj. Moorman & was driven back to boats. — Map (db m6411) HM
Mississippi (Jones County), Ellisville — Skirmish At Rocky Creek
Near this site on June 25, 1863, a small group of Confederate soldiers and civilians under the command of Lt. W. M. Wilson of the 43rd Tennessee Infantry, defeated a detachment of the 5th Illinois Cavalry. During the skirmish, the entire 40 man Union force, on a raid to disrupt the railroads, was killed, wounded or captured. — Map (db m61931) HM
Mississippi (Jones County), Laurel — Hotel Pinehurst
Constructed in 1914, the Hotel Pinehurst was owned and operated by T.B. Horton until 1939. The hotel included over 100 rooms, a grand lobby and entranceway, and a number of dining rooms, offices, and stores. The Arabian Theater was added in 1924. This hotel was among the first in Mississippi to offer air conditioned rooms. The Hotel Pinehurst was listed in the National Register of Historic Places in 1987 and demolished in 1988. Pinehurst Park was built where the hotel once stood. — Map (db m56546) HM
Mississippi (Lauderdale County), Meridian — Birthplace of Jimmie Rodgers
Born Sept. 8, 1897, at Meridian, Miss. Known as the “Singing Brakeman,” Rodger's recordings of Southern blues and ballads greatly contributed to the world-wide popularity of a distinctly American musical form. — Map (db m77219) HM
Mississippi (Lauderdale County), Meridian — 11 — Country Music Comes of Age
Front Meridian's Jimmie Rodgers Day festivals of the 1950s, the first held May 26, 1953, became known as National Country Music Days, marking a turning point in the nation's enthusiasm for country music. Stars and fans from every country music style, from old-time hillbilly to pop balladry and rockabilly, came together in this celebration of music that was to win fans around the world. Rear Country Music Comes of Age In 1953, as the twenty anniversary of Jimmie . . . — Map (db m77171) HM
Mississippi (Lauderdale County), Meridian — Depot Historic District
Well-preserved industrial complex grouped about a railroad depot, center of railroad industry, the impetus to Meridian's growth after 1860. Included farm products processing businesses of inventor G.W. Soule. — Map (db m60075) HM
Mississippi (Lauderdale County), Meridian — Dial House Site
Build ca. 1870 by industrialist J.R. Dial. His son, E.H. Dial, who served as mayor (1893-1901) also lived here. The city's code of ordinances was adopted during his term, and he was responsible for many civic improvements. In 1899, he wrote the play Queen of the East, in which Meridian is referred to as the “Queen City.” — Map (db m77214) HM
Mississippi (Lauderdale County), Meridian — 3 — Elsie McWilliams
Front Elsie Williamson McWilliams (1896-1985), the sister of Jimmie Rodgers's second wife Carrie, wrote or contributed to music and lyrics for thirty-nine of the songs that Rodgers performed or recorded, although she never received full credit for her work. A Meridian housewife, mother, and Sunday school music teacher, she became the first woman to sustain a successful career as a country songwriter and was inducted into the Nashville Songwriters Hall of Fame in 1979. . . . — Map (db m77170) HM
Mississippi (Lauderdale County), Meridian — Gillespie V. "Sonny" Montgomery
Buried just east of this site. “Sonny” Montgomery served in the Mississippi State Senate 1956-1966 and the U. S. House of Representatives 1967-1997. A retired Major General in the Mississippi National Guard. Montgomery championed military and veterans issues including the 1984 Montgomery G. I. Bill. — Map (db m76698) HM
Mississippi (Lauderdale County), Meridian — Highland Park
Opened in 1909 as one of the South's premier streetcar pleasure parks, it consists of 32 informally landscaped acres and contains an 1890s Dentzel Carousel which is designated a National Historic Landmark. — Map (db m77218) HM
Mississippi (Lauderdale County), Meridian — 1 — Jimmie RodgersFather of Country Music
Front Singing winningly, with storytelling clarity and physicality, of the real lives and fondest dreams of his down home audience, with varied musical backing that ranged from his own solitary guitar to rural pickers, horns, and Hawaiian bands, in just five years as a star before his early death in 1933, Jimmie Rodgers placed a defining stamp on what country music would be. Nashville’s Country Music Hall of Fame simply calls Meridian’s Singing Brakeman “The Man Who Started . . . — Map (db m77176) HM
Mississippi (Lauderdale County), Meridian — Jimmie Rodgers & The Blues
Jimmie Rodgers (1897 – 1933) is widely known as the "father of country music," but blues was a prominent element of his music. The influence of his famous "blue yodels" can be heard in the music of Mississippi blues artists including Howlin' Wolf, Mississippi John Hurt, Tommy Johnson, and the Mississippi Sheiks. His many songs include the autobiographical "T.B. Blues," which addressed the tuberculosis that eventually took his life. (Reverse text)     Jimmie Rodgers . . . — Map (db m59656) HM
Mississippi (Lauderdale County), Meridian — Lauderdale County World War I Memorial
1917 – 1918 To the glory of God and in honor of those of Lauderdale County who patriotically answered the call of our country to uphold justice and the rights of humanity and in loving remembrance of those who therein made the supreme sacrifice — Map (db m77473) WM
Mississippi (Lauderdale County), Meridian — Meridian
Formerly Sowashee, it was chartered 1860, and throve as rail junction during the Civil War, serving in 1863 as temporary capital and as depository of the state's official records. — Map (db m59695) HM
Mississippi (Lauderdale County), Meridian — 178 — Meridian Rhythm & Blues and Soul Music
Front Rhythm & blues and soul singers have been major contributors to Meridian’s deep African American musical heritage, extending the legacy molded by gospel, jazz and traditional blues artists. David Ruffin of the Temptations and his brother Jimmy moved to Detroit and starred as icons of the Motown sound, while Al Wilson became a hitmaker in California, and Eddie Houston, Pat Brown and Patrice Moncell enlivened the southern soul circuit in Mississippi. Rear David . . . — Map (db m77426) HM
Mississippi (Lauderdale County), Meridian — Meridian's "C" Battery
   Monday, September 4th, Labor Day, 1950 at 9:30 p.m. 125 local Marine Reserves of Meridian's "C" Battery, 4th 155mm Howitzer Battalion U.S.M.C.R. held their last local muster here at the old Union Station enroute to Camp Pendleton, California and the Korean War.    Labor Day, Monday, September 4, 2000, former members, survivors and friends joined in a 50 year reunion and dedicated this plaque to all that put their lives on hold and answered their nation's call to arms. — Map (db m60059) HM
Mississippi (Lauderdale County), Meridian — Merrehope
A 20-room Neoclassical Revival mansion completed in 1904, the house began as a small cottage which served as headquarters for Confederate Gen. Joseph E. Johnston in 1863. Merrehope is now a museum of local history. — Map (db m77216) HM
Mississippi (Lauderdale County), Meridian — 18 — Moe Bandy
(Front text) Born in Meridian and the grandson of the railway yard manager where Jimmie Rodgers worked, Moe Bandy became one of country music’s most popular singers of the 1970s and ‘80s. A master of honky tonk as well as cowboy songs that reflected his early rodeo work, he was successful as a solo recording artist, as a member of the “Moe and Joe” duo with Joe Stampley, and later as a prime live attraction in Branson, Missouri. (Reverse text)    Moe . . . — Map (db m60544) HM
Mississippi (Lauderdale County), Meridian — 169 — Peavey Electronics
Front The electronic amplification of vocals and musical instruments resulted in dramatic changes in the blues in the post-World War II era, notably the rise to prominence of the electric guitar. Peavey Electronics, founded in 1965 by Meridian native Hartley Peavey, contributed to the sound of modern electric blues, rock, country, and jazz through its amplifiers, sound systems, and electric guitars and basses. The company also achieved worldwide renown for its many technological . . . — Map (db m77192) HM
Mississippi (Lauderdale County), Meridian — 1 — Railroads and the War — Meridian Civil War Trail
Meridian was a Civil War railroad center with an arsenal, a military hospital, and state offices. On Feb, 14, 1865, General Sherman's troops reached town and began destroying track, cutting an essential Confederate supply line. — Map (db m77472) HM
Mississippi (Lauderdale County), Meridian — 2 — Sherman's "Bow Tie" — Meridian Civil War Trail
To prevent repair of rails, General Sherman's troops created “bow ties.” They burned crossties to heat rails, then twisted the rails around trees. Altogether they destroyed more than 100 miles of track around Meridian. — Map (db m77469) HM
Mississippi (Lauderdale County), Meridian — Temple Theater
Erected 1923-27 by the Hamasa Shriners in Moorish Revival style, this theater was among the finest movie/vaudeville “palaces” of its day, having one of the largest stage facilities in the United States. — Map (db m77217) HM
Mississippi (Lauderdale County), Meridian — Urban Center Historic District
Encompasses a 13 ~ block area comprised of over 100 significant structures. Meridian was state's largest urban area at the turn of the 20th century. Listed in the National Register of Historic Places. — Map (db m59694) HM
Mississippi (Lawrence County), Monticello — A. H. Longino
Former home of Governor Andrew H. Longino, who served as legislator, judge, and county official. New capitol building erected and primary election law passed during his term. — Map (db m70809) HM
Mississippi (Lawrence County), Monticello — Cooper's Ferry
Est. 1810 by Jos. Cooper, one blk. N. Primary reason St. Stephens Rd. took this route in 1812 from St. Stephens (Ala.) on the Tombigbee to Natchez. Site served as boat landing from 1826 through early 20th century. — Map (db m50158) HM
Mississippi (Lawrence County), Monticello — Gov. A.H. Longino House
½ blk. N, built 1884. Restored by Lawrence Co. Hist. Soc. Longino was gov. of Miss., 1901-1904. During his term New Capitol built; Dept. of Archives & Hist. and state penal farm estab.; public school system improved. — Map (db m70776) HM
Mississippi (Lawrence County), Monticello — 145 — J. B. LenoirMississippi Blues Trail
Monticello area native J. B. Lenoir (1929-1967) was best known during his lifetime for his 1955 hit “Mama, Talk to Your Daughter,” but he also played an important role in blues history because of his political engagement. In the 1960s Lenoir recorded a body of topical songs in Chicago that addressed discrimination, the civil rights movement, and the Vietnam War. Lenoir’s cousin Byther Smith from Monticello also became a Chicago blues recording artist, noted for his cutting-edge . . . — Map (db m79029) HM
Mississippi (Lawrence County), Oma — First Choctaw Cession
Here was the upper line of Mt. Dexter Treaty grant, 1805, from which came counties of Wayne, Green, Marion, Lawrence, Pike, Covington, Perry, Jones, Lincoln, Lamar, Forrest, J.Davis, & Walthall — Map (db m50159) HM
Mississippi (Lee County), Baldwyn — Battle of Brices Cross RoadsJune 10, 1864 — The Western Campaign, 1864
When General Sherman advanced on Atlanta, General Forrest sought to destroy the Union supply line between Nashville and Chattanooga. He had nearly reached the Tennessee River when he had to turn back to meet a Union force marching southeast from Memphis under General Sturgis. Forrest's remarkable ability to concentrate his men quickly and strike vigorously resulted in total victory by 4,787 Confederates over 7,900 Federal troops who retreated in confusion to Memphis. Yet Forrest was diverted . . . — Map (db m8365) HM
Mississippi (Lee County), Baldwyn — Battle of Brice's Cross Roads
In Memory of the Men of the Confederate and the Federal Armies who took part in the Battle of Brice's Cross Roads or Tishimingo Creek June 10, 1864 which resulted in a victory for the Confederate forces under Brigadier General N. B. Forrest — Map (db m72156) HM
Mississippi (Lee County), Baldwyn — Bethany A.R.P. Church
Organized in 1852 by the Alabama Presbytery, Bethany Associate Reformed Presbyterian Church had a charter membership of twenty-five including four slaves. The church was used as a hospital in 1864 following the Battle of Brice's Cross Roads. The present structure, built in 1956, is located across the road from the original church. — Map (db m60738) HM
Mississippi (Lee County), Baldwyn — A-1 — Brice's Cross RoadsJune 10, 1864
Maj. Gen. Nathan Bedford Forrest "owned" northern Mississippi and southwestern Tennessee in mid-1864, but that was not where the war was being won or lost. Port Hudson, Louisiana, and Vicksburg, Mississippi, had fallen in July 1863, giving the Union control of the Mississippi River. Gen. William T. Sherman was advancing steadily on Atlanta. Grant was engaging Lee at Cold Harbor and Petersburg, Virginia, in the push toward Richmond. Still, Forrest's command worried Union planners. His cavalry . . . — Map (db m62170) HM
Mississippi (Lee County), Baldwyn — B-2 — Brice's Cross RoadsFirst Main Battle Line (Union)
Brig. Gen. Benjamin Grierson's Federal cavalry (3,300 troops) left Stubbs plantation (nine miles northwest of Brice's Cross Roads) at daybreak on June 10, 1864. By 10:00 a.m. the cavalry had reached Brice's Cross Roads and advance units had encountered "a heavy force of the enemy" along the Baldwyn Road. The cavalry was dismounted and deployed on either side of the road, in the woods at the western edge of a cleared field, one-half mile east of the Cross Roads. Col. George Waring's brigade was . . . — Map (db m62172) HM
Mississippi (Lee County), Baldwyn — B-1 — Brice's Cross RoadsFirst Main Battle Line Overview
By 10:00 a.m. on June 10, 1864, Col. George Waring's Federal cavalry had reached the Cross Roads. The troops deployed on either side of the Baldwyn Road, in the woods at the western edge of a cleared field, one-half mile east of the Cross Roads. Skirmishing between one of Waring's squadrons and advance Confederate squads had already taken place further east on the Baldwyn Road. Facing Waring's troops from the opposing hilltop across a small creek was Col. Hylan B. Lyon's brigade which was soon . . . — Map (db m62173) HM
Mississippi (Lee County), Baldwyn — Chief Tishomingo
Long before Civil War soldiers fought at this site in 1864, this land was part of the Chickasaw Nation. Tishomingo, whose name derived from the Chickasaw title tishu minko meaning "speaker for the chief" or "assistant chief" in the Chickasaw language, lived near here and was a prominent leader of the Chickasaws in this district. Tishomingo was born as early as the 1730s, probably at Chickasaw Old Town in what is now northwest Tupelo. Tishomingo was a warrior and a staunch defender of . . . — Map (db m61924) HM
Mississippi (Lee County), Baldwyn — Confederate's First Battle Line Formed Here
at 1:00 o'clock. General Forrest's men were all on the field ready for action. From a quarter of a mile north and extending more than a mile south across the Guntown Road the Confederates formed a pincers movement against the enemy. Confederate units engaged in this line. From the northern end of the line: Warren's and Williams' Battalions, 4th Alabama, Moreland's 7th, 3rd, 8th and 12th Kentucky, 7th Tennessee, 13th and 8th Mississippi, and Companies A and H of the 12th Kentucky. — Map (db m62106) HM
Mississippi (Lee County), Baldwyn — Confederate's Second Battle Line
Pushing the Union forces back, General Forrest slowly closed his pincers movement, forcing General Sturgis nearer the Crossroads. This line was anchored on the Blackland Road 400 yards northwest. The southern end across the Guntown Road. Confederate Units Forming this Line Warren's and Williams' Battalions; 4th Alabama; Moreland's 7th Kentucky; 12th Kentucky; Morton's and Rice's Batteries; 7th Tennessee; 18th Mississippi; 16th Tennessee; 15th Tennessee; 19th Tennessee; 8th Mississippi; . . . — Map (db m62110) HM
Mississippi (Lee County), Baldwyn — Federal Cavalry and Artillery Formed First Battle Line Here
From 500 hundred yards north and extending more than a mile south, across the Guntown Road, this Line, behind rail fences and dense scrub-oak thickets fought stubbornly as the Confederates pushed on to the Crossroads. Hand to hand fighting along this line. Federal Cavalry and Artillery Engaged in this Line From the northern end of the line: Company H of 7th Indiana; 4th Missouri; 4th Missouri Battery On North Side of Road: 14th Indiana Battery On South Side of Road: 7th Indiana; 2nd New . . . — Map (db m62108) HM
Mississippi (Lee County), Baldwyn — General Barteau's Flank Movement
Along the ridge north-east, General Barteau's 2nd Tennessee flanked the Union forces, creating havoc among white and negro soldiers of General Sturgis' command. — Map (db m61957) HM
Mississippi (Lee County), Baldwyn — General Sturgis' Supreme Effort
To Hold The Crossroads Placing th 93rd Illinois, 8th Illinois and 114th Illinois Infantry here and immediately behind, he placed his artillery consisting of Battery B of 2nd Illinois; 7th Wisconsin Battery; 14th Indiana Battery; Battery E of 1st Illinois and Joyce's Battery. Orders were given to fire over heads of infantry into advancing Confederates. — Map (db m5738) HM
Mississippi (Lee County), Baldwyn — Spoils of War
As Confederate cannon rained fire on exhausted Union troops waiting to cross Tishomingo Creek, a somewhat orderly retreat turned into a panicked rout. Soldiers swam across the creek, bypassing thee clogged and bottlenecked bridge and ran into the woods. Officers lost control of their units. Just one month after the Battle of Brice's Crossroads, Union and Confederate troops faced off again at the Battle of Tupelo. Union general A. J. Smith and his troops defeated the Confederates on July 14, . . . — Map (db m61930) HM
Mississippi (Lee County), Baldwyn — Tishomingo Creek Bridge
The Federal retreat at the Battle of Brice's Crossroads was funneled onto a small bridge across Tishomingo Creek. The structure was too narrow for Sturgis' Expeditionary Force, and the span quickly became a bottleneck as horses, wagons, cannon, and men all raced to cross the creek at the same time. The rains of the previous several days had raised the water level of the deeply banked creek, making it very difficult to cross without using the bridge. Panicked soldiers and horses in full retreat . . . — Map (db m61927) HM
Mississippi (Lee County), Baldwyn — Tishomingo Creek Bridge
Retreating wagons blocked bridge. General Forrest captured 200 Wagons, 14 pieces of artillery and hundreds of men. Artillery fire from the Crossroads killed hundreds of Federals here. — Map (db m61953) HM
Mississippi (Lee County), Baldwyn — Union Wagon Train
A critical factor in the Union defeat at Brice's Crossroads was the decision by an unknown officer to bring most if not all of the Union supply train across the Tishomingo Creek Bridge and into the field across the road from where you now stand. When the time came for retreat, the slow-moving wagons clogged the narrow bridge, creating a panic among exhausted Union troops who were desperate to get away from the enemy fire. The supply train consisted of 250 wagons, each pulled by a team of four . . . — Map (db m62176) HM
Mississippi (Lee County), Saltillo — Old TraceNational Park Service — Natchez Trace Parkway
Much of the Old Trace had been abandoned by the start of the civil war. However, the war did leave its mark on the Trace as it did upon the rest of the South, as soldiers marched, camped and fought along portions of this historic old road. A 5 minute walk on the Old Trace here takes you to the gravesites of 13 unknown Confederate soldiers, a mute reminder of bygone days and of the great struggle out of which developed a stronger nation. — Map (db m61803) HM
Mississippi (Lee County), Tupelo — Battle of Tupelo
In Memory Of The Men Of The Federal And The Confederate Armies who took part in the Battle of Tupelo or Harrisburg July 14-15, 1864. Which resulted in a victory for the Federal Forces under Major General Andrew J. Smith — Map (db m5739) HM
Mississippi (Lee County), Tupelo — Battle of TupeloThe Western Campaign, 1864
In the summer of 1864, General Forrest's hard hitting troops in Northern Mississippi threatened the supplies of General Sherman's campaign against Atlanta. Therefore, General A.J.Smith marched 14,000 Union troops against Forrest. He reached Tupelo despite harassing attacks and took positions here. A Confederate force of about 10,000 under General Stephen D. Lee, with Forrest commanding the right wing, attacked fiercely and repeatedly from the west throughout July 14, but could not penetrate the . . . — Map (db m6784) HM
Mississippi (Lee County), Tupelo — MS-54 — Birthplace of Elvis Presley
Elvis Aaron Presley was born Jan. 8, 1935, in this house built by his father. Presley's career as a singer and entertainer redefined American popular music. He died on Aug. 16, 1977, at Memphis, Tennessee. — Map (db m4477) HM
Mississippi (Lee County), Tupelo — Elvis Presley and the Blues
Marker Front: Elvis Presley revolutionized popular music by blending the blues he first heard as a youth in Tupelo with country, pop, and gospel. Many of the first songs Elvis recorded for the Sun label in Memphis were covers of earlier blues recordings by African Americans, and he continued to incorporate blues into his records and live performances for the remainder of his career. Marker Rear: Elvis first encountered the blues here in Tupelo, and it remained central to . . . — Map (db m29823) HM
Mississippi (Lee County), Tupelo — Elvis Presley's Childhood Church
Attend a Pentecostal church service where Elvis first fell in love with gospel music. Elvis Presley Birthplace presents a unique experience in the First Assembly of God Church where Elvis and his family regularly attended service. This structure was originally one block away on Adams Street. To make way for a larger building, the old church was moved across the street and turned into a residence. In 2008 the building was moved to this site and restored to its original condition. . . . — Map (db m29821) HM
Mississippi (Lee County), Tupelo — Shake Rag(Shakerag)
Marker Front: Shake Rag, located east of the old M & O (later GM & O) railway tracks and extending northward from Main Street, was one of several historic African American communities in Tupelo. By the 1920s blues and jazz flowed freely from performers at Shake Rag restaurants, cafes, and house parties, and later from jukeboxes, while the sounds of gospel music filled the churches. The neighborhood was leveled and its residents relocated during an urban renewal project initiate int he . . . — Map (db m29629) HM
Mississippi (Lee County), Tupelo — Shake Rag Community
From 1943~47, Elvis' father, Vernon, worked for L.P. McCarty & Son's local wholesale grocery company making deliveries to various parts of the City. Shake Rag, a historically black community, was one of his delivery areas. It was here that Elvis was influenced by the sanctified gospel and blues music he heard which contributed greatly to the style he made famous. — Map (db m29630) HM
Mississippi (Leflore County), Greenwood — 10 — "Black Power" Speech — Mississippi Freedom Trail
Front On June 16, 1966, SNCC chairman Stokely Carmichael, released from jail after defying City of Greenwood orders by putting up tents to house participants of the James Meredith “March Against Fear,” made his famous “Black Power” speech here to an agitated crowd of about 600. As Carmichael shouted five times, “We want black power!” the crowd became more and more enthusiastic. The popular slogan revealed a growing difference between the . . . — Map (db m77423) HM
Mississippi (Leflore County), Greenwood — 80 — Baptist Town
Front Baptist Town, established in the 1800s in tandem with the growth of the local cotton industry, is one of Greenwood’s oldest African American neighborhoods. Known for its strong sense of community, it is anchored by the McKinney Chapel M.B. Church and a former cotton compress. In blues lore Baptist Town is best known through the reminiscences of David “Honeyboy” Edwards, who identified it as the final residence of Robert Johnson, who died just outside Greenwood in . . . — Map (db m77198) HM
Mississippi (Leflore County), Greenwood — Battery 'C'1917-1919
Battery C, First Mississippi Field Artillery, mustered into Federal Service August 5, 1917 as Battery C, 140th F.A., 64th F.A. Brigade, 39th Division. The Battery, composed of men from Leflore and surrounding counties, camped on this site until departure for Mobilization Camp, Jackson, Mississippi on August 31, 1917. — Map (db m77157) HM
Mississippi (Leflore County), Greenwood — 153 — Blues Deejays
Front Radio disc jockeys played a major role in the spread of the blues, boosting the careers of local artists, introducing listeners to performers from across the country, and more generally serving as a voice for the community. Early African American deejays in Mississippi include Early Wright, Bruce Payne, Charles Evers, Ike Turner, Sherman “Blues” Johnson, Jobie Martin, and Ruben Hughes, who began deejaying in Forest in 1957 at age sixteen and became the . . . — Map (db m77191) HM
Mississippi (Leflore County), Greenwood — 24 — Bobbie Gentry
Front Born Roberta Lee Streeter in Chickasaw County (1944) and spending her childhood here, Bobbie Gentry brought the accents, sounds and images of Delta life into scores of haunting songs she wrote and records she made, to become one of the most influential country and pop artists of the 1960s and ‘70s. With her phenomenal Number One hit “Ode to Billie Joe” and complex, innovative albums such as The Delta Sweete, she brought the sultry musical flavors of . . . — Map (db m77177) HM
Mississippi (Leflore County), Greenwood — Charles Edward Wright
To Commemorate the Enterprise and Initiative of Charles Edward Wright Who in May 1895, 901 feet east of this spot sank the first overflowing well in the Mississippi Delta and gave to its people the blessing of artesian water, this fountain is erected by Chakchiuma Chapter D.A.R. in Novermber 1915. — Map (db m77439) HM
Mississippi (Leflore County), Greenwood — Confederate Memorial Plot
To the men of LeFlore County and the Southland who answered the call to defend their homes, states, and Southland from invading armies from the North. The actual burial sites of some are known but to God. But all known veterans buried within this hallowed ground are remembered and honored by a marker. All gave some and some gave all for their struggle for a free, independent South. Deo Vindice "God Vindicates" — Map (db m77335) WM
Mississippi (Leflore County), Greenwood — Elks Hart Lodge No. 640
Front During the 1940s, ’50s and ’60s, the Elks Hart Lodge No. 640 at this site was one of the most important venues for rhythm and blues in the Delta. Particularly during the segregation era, fraternal organizations such as the Improved Benevolent Protective Order of Elks of the World (the “black Elks”) were central to African American political, cultural, and social life, and played an important role in the Civil Rights movement. Rear The Elks Lodge . . . — Map (db m77193) HM
Mississippi (Leflore County), Greenwood — First United Methodist Church
Built 1898-99. In spite of a yellow fever quarantine which hampered construction, J.H. Mitchell was its first pastor. 1500 people attended the 1899 North Miss. Conference to hear Bishop Warren Candler speak. — Map (db m77186) HM
Mississippi (Leflore County), Greenwood — Fort Pemberton Park
In the 1863 Campaign against Vicksburg, General Grant tried several approaches, one being to send troops on transports down the Tallahatchie and Yazoo Rivers. He cut the Mississippi River levee in February which flooded the several bayous between the Mississippi and Tallahatchie Rivers, making a navigable connection. Twenty-two transports (with 5000 troops), two ironclads, two rams and six light draft gunboats made up the first expedition, which was later reinforced with another brigade and . . . — Map (db m77329) HM
Mississippi (Leflore County), Greenwood — 150 — Furry Lewis
Front Greenwood native Walter “Furry” Lewis (c. 1899-1981) was a favorite figure on the Memphis blues revival scene of the 1960s and '70s, decades after he made his historic first recordings in the 1920s. Lewis, who had worked as a street sweeper for the city of Memphis in the interim, made numerous new recordings and also appeared on television shows and in motion pictures. His family lived on Lamar Street before moving to Memphis when Lewis was a youngster. . . . — Map (db m77196) HM
Mississippi (Leflore County), Greenwood — Greenwood
Founded by John Williams as Williams Landing, 1834. Chartered as Greenwood, 1844. Since 1917 has been the world's largest long staple cotton market. — Map (db m77184) HM
Mississippi (Leflore County), Greenwood — Greenwood Cotton Row District
District comprises state's most important concentration of buildings associated with marketing of cotton and with the state's post-Civil War cotton boom. Listed in the National Register of Historic Places. — Map (db m77179) HM
Mississippi (Leflore County), Greenwood — Greenwood Underpass
The Greenwood Underpass was constructed in 1938 by the Mississippi State Highway Department with funding from the Federal Aid Highway Program. In accordance with WPA goals the Greenwood Underpass was designed to improve the Y. & M.V. railroad crossing by elevating the track and eliminating the railway-grade crossing. Adding a four-lane highway and sidewalk under the railway created an entrance into Greenwood. This Art Deco-style structure was engineered by Eli Abbott Jr. — Map (db m77189) HM
Mississippi (Leflore County), Greenwood — Greenwood's First Artesian Well
Needing a fresh water supply for his ice company, Charles Edward Wright partnered with the mayor and Board of Aldermen to drill a well near this site. Wright and his business partner, Staige Marye, provided the boring rig, and the city provided piping. Drilling began in May 1895, and by June water was struck at a depth of nearly 500 feet. The well proved to be a clean source of water and became Greenwood's primary water supply. In 1897 Wright installed the city's first water works system. — Map (db m77190) HM
Mississippi (Leflore County), Greenwood — 114 — Guitar Slim
Front Eddie Lee “Guitar Slim” Jones brought new levels of energy and intensity to electric guitar playing with his raw, incendiary approach in the 1950s. An impassioned singer and a flamboyant showman, Jones was best known for his classic recording "Things That I Used To Do." Documentation of his early years is scant, but according to biographies, he was born in Greenwood on December 10, 1926. His father, Sam Jones, later lived on Race Track Plantation and is buried in . . . — Map (db m77211) HM
Mississippi (Leflore County), Greenwood — Hubert Sumlin
Front Hubert Sumlin’s sizzling guitar playing energized many of the classic Chicago blues records of Howlin’ Wolf in the 1950s and ‘60s. His reputation in blues and rock circles propelled him to a celebrated career on his own after Wolf’s death in 1976. In 2003 Rolling Stone magazine christened him one of “The 100 Greatest Guitarists of All Time.” Sumlin was born on the Pillow plantation in a house that stood just west of this site on November 16, 1931. . . . — Map (db m77209) HM
Mississippi (Leflore County), Greenwood — LeFlore County Confederate Memorial
Front CSA 1861-1865 Leflore County's tribute to her sons and daughters of the Southern Confederacy. Erected under the auspices of the Varnia Jefferson Davis Chapter United Daughters of the Confederacy. Oct. 9, 1913. Left Steamer Star of the West. In 1861 the first gun of the War Between the States was fired at this vessel in Charleston Harbor. Replica of pilot wheel of the steamer Star of the West. The "Star of the West" was . . . — Map (db m77355) WM
Mississippi (Leflore County), Greenwood — Old Greenwood Cemetery
Burial spot of veterans of four wars. Among 40 Confederates was Lt. Azro A. Stoddard, who carried out orders to scuttle “Star of the West,“ thus preventing federal use of Yazoo River route to Vicksburg. — Map (db m77188) HM
Mississippi (Leflore County), Greenwood — Point LeFlore
N.E. 2 mi., at junction of Tallahatchie and Yalobusha Rivers is site of extinct town founded in 1830's by Greenwood Leflore. Achieved great prosperity in era before Civil War. — Map (db m77181) HM
Mississippi (Leflore County), Greenwood — 11 — Robert Johnson
Front A seminal figure in the history of the Delta blues, Robert Johnson (1911-1938) synthesized the music of Delta blues pioneers such as Son House with outside traditions. He in turn influenced artists such as Muddy Waters and Elmore James. Johnson's compositions, notable for their poetic qualities, include the standards “Sweet Home Chicago” and “Dust My Broom.” Johnson's mysterious life and early death continue to fascinate modern fans. He is thought to . . . — Map (db m77203) HM
Mississippi (Leflore County), Greenwood — WGRM Radio Studio
Front Before the 1950s, relatively few African American voices were heard on the radio in the South. A major exception was live broadcasts of performances by gospel groups. During the 1940s this building housed station WGRM, which featured gospel music on Sundays. One of the most popular groups was the Famous St. John’s Gospel Singers of Inverness, Mississippi, which included Riley King on guitar. King later became known as “B.B.” while working in Memphis. . . . — Map (db m77200) HM
Mississippi (Leflore County), Itta Bena — Itta Bena("Home in the Woods")
Plantation home site (from which town was named) of Brig. Gen. Benj. G. Humphreys, C.S.A.. Elected governor of Mississippi, Oct., 1865. Forcibly removed by Carpetbag regime, June, 1868. — Map (db m77165) HM
Mississippi (Leflore County), Money — 1 — Bryant's Grocery — Mississippi Freedom Trail
Front Fourteen-year-old Emmett Till came to this site to buy candy in August 1955. White shopkeeper Carolyn Bryant accused the black youth of flirting with her, and shortly thereafter, Till was abducted by Bryant's husband and his half brother. Till's tortured body was later found in the Tallahatchie River. The two men were tried and acquitted but later sold their murder confession to Look magazine. Till's death received international attention and is widely credited with . . . — Map (db m77418) HM
Mississippi (Lincoln County), Brookhaven — Brookhaven
Founded by Samuel Jayne in 1818, it grew rapidly as a railway terminus after 1851. Was recruiting and hospital center during Civil War. Since 1907 has led in dairy industry. — Map (db m79094) HM
Mississippi (Lincoln County), Brookhaven — Brookhaven Light Artillery
Also known as Hoskin's Battery, this unit was organized on May 11, 1861. The battery saw action in numerous engagements, including the Battle of Jackson on May 14, 1863. In June 1863 the unit was engaged at Mechanicsburg, Miss. and served with distinction during the Atlanta Campaign and at the Battle of Nashville in 1864. — Map (db m79089) HM
Mississippi (Lincoln County), Brookhaven — Confederate Memorial Monument
First erected in 1896 in memory of Elias Bowsky, 3rd Bat. Co. E, 45th Mississippi Infantry, by his brother George, this twenty-foot-tall monument was deeded to the Sylvester Gwin Camp U.C.V. in 1924, and now serves as a memorial for the Confederate soldiers who died and were once buried at Whitworth College. — Map (db m80085) HM
Mississippi (Lincoln County), Brookhaven — Rose Hill Cemetery
Established in 1861 on land given to the city of Brookhaven by Rev. Milton J. Whitworth, founder of Whitworth College, this cemetery is among Brookhaven's first and largest burial grounds. Rose Hill Cemetery is the final resting place for over 5,000 people, including 22 unknown Confederate soldiers. — Map (db m80082) HM
Mississippi (Lincoln County), Brookhaven — Whitworth College
Founded 1858, as Methodist womans college. Traditional successor to Elizabeth Academy, Washington, Miss. Served as Confederate Hospital, 1861-5. Founded by Milton J. Whitworth, pioneer planter & lay minister. — Map (db m80102) HM
Mississippi (Lowndes County), Caledonia — Unity Cemetery
Unity Presbyterian Church organized in 1828 with the Rev. Thos. Archibald, pastor. Buried here are early settlers, one Revolutionary War soldier, two War of 1812 soldiers, and three Civil War soldiers. — Map (db m8966) HM
Mississippi (Lowndes County), Columbus — Baldwin Locomotive No. 601
Built in 1946 as the first “Road Switcher” of its type in U.S. Columbus and Greenville Railway’s first diesel powered locomotive. Retired in 1984 after thirty-eight years on freight and passenger trains. — Map (db m8457) HM
Mississippi (Lowndes County), Columbus — Beersheba Cumberland Presbyterian Church and Cemetery
The Beersheba Cumberland Presbyterian Church became part of the Tombecbee Presbytery in 1825 and joined the New Hope Cumberland Presbytery in 1866. The cemetery was established in 1827 and contains the graves of many veterans. The date Beersheba Cumberland was organized is not known. — Map (db m8477) HM
Mississippi (Lowndes County), Columbus — Bethel Presbyterian Church
Congregation established in 1834 by William Ervin, Elizabeth and Drennon Love, James Ervin, Rosmand Odeneal and Thomas and Margaret E. Witherspoon. These Scots-Irish pioneers from Alabama and the Carolinas settled here after the Choctaw Cession of 1830. Built 1844-45, this rare Greek Revival church is listed on National Register. — Map (db m8484) HM
Mississippi (Lowndes County), Columbus — C.S.A Arsenal
Here in 1862 Confederacy built huge arsenal employing over 1000 persons. Later one of buildings became original site of Union Academy, first free public school for Negroes in Columbus. — Map (db m8553) HM
Mississippi (Lowndes County), Columbus — Church of the Annunciation
Dedicated in 1863. This is the oldest Catholic Church in NE Miss. It once served a parish that included Corinth & Meridian. The design for the Gothic structure was conceived by Fr. J. B. Mouton, the first pastor. — Map (db m8486) HM
Mississippi (Lowndes County), Columbus — Columbus
Originally, 1817-21, known as Possum Town. Became one of richest cities in old Black Prairie cotton belt. Home of state's first free school and M.S.C.W. — Map (db m8487) HM
Mississippi (Lowndes County), Columbus — Columbus Mississippi Blues
The Black Prairies of eastern Mississippi have produced a number of notable blues musicians, including Howlin’ Wolf, Bukka White, and Big Joe Williams. Activity in Columbus, the largest city in the region, centered around areas such as this block of 4th Street, called “Catfish Alley” after local fishermen brought their catches to town to be cooked and sold on the street. Bukka White sang of the good times to be had in town in his 1969 recording “Columbus, Mississippi . . . — Map (db m27607) HM
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