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Mississippi Markers
729 markers matched your search criteria. The first 250 markers are listed. Next 479
Mississippi (Adams County), Natchez — "The Natchez Burning"
(side 1) One of the deadliest fires in American history took the lives of over 200 people, including bandleader Walter Barnes and nine members of his dance orchestra at the Rhythm Club (less than a mile southeast of this site) on April 23, 1940. News of the tragedy reverberated throughout the country, especially among the African American community, and blues performers have recorded memorial songs such as “The Natchez Burning” and “The Mighty Fire” ever since. . . . — Map (db m70811) HM
Mississippi (Adams County), Natchez — Andrew Marschalk
Site of the printery of “father of Mississippi journalism.” Printed first book in state, 1799. Became first public printer and in 1802 founded famed newspaper, “Mississippi Herald.” — Map (db m70851) HM
Mississippi (Adams County), Natchez — Bernardo De Gálvez
Don Bernardo de Gálvez, Spanish Governor of Louisiana, 1776-1783, in a brilliant campaign, with the aid of regular troops, militia, volunteers, and a few Americans, captured Baton Rouge from the British on September 21, 1779. Terms included the surrender of Fort Panmure in Natchez, which was occupied by Spanish troops on October 5, 1779. The signing of the Treaty of San Lorenzo on October 27, 1795 ended Spanish control of Natchez. — Map (db m76211) HM
Mississippi (Adams County), Natchez — Bluff Park - Memorials and Louisiana ConnectionsNatchez Trails
The Richard Wright historic marker recognizes the city’s most famous 20th-century writer. Born in 1908 on a cotton plantation near Natchez, Wright spent his early childhood in town in the home of his grandparents at 20 East Woodlawn Avenue (pictured above). In 1940, Wright’s novel Native Son was published and became the first book by an African American selected by the Book of the Month Club. The Rhythm Club monument in the Bluff Park is a memorial to 209 . . . — Map (db m87176) HM
Mississippi (Adams County), Natchez — Bluff Park - Playground for the CityNatchez Trails
When the Spanish laid out the town of Natchez about 1790, they set aside land on the bluff for use as a public park. In 1839, after the city had sold off most of the park and built Broadway Street, writer Joseph Holt Ingraham complained that “the esplanade in front of the town, which has been for years the grazing spot for the cows, the playground for boys, the parade for soldiers, and the promenade of the citizens, is nearly filled up with buildings; whose encroachments upon . . . — Map (db m87177) HM
Mississippi (Adams County), Natchez — Bluff Park and South Broadway StreetNatchez Trails
Bontura, built in 1851, was the home of Robert Smith, a free African American who ran the city’s most successful carriage business in the 1850s. The house stands at the head of Silver Street, which leads to Natchez Under-the-Hill. Smith and his drivers met the steamboats and flatboats that provided a steady stream of business in passengers and freight. Smith was one of a small number of free African Americans who were economically successful but lived under restrictions due to race. . . . — Map (db m87179) HM
Mississippi (Adams County), Natchez — 123 — Bud Scott
(side 1) Clarence “Bud” Scott, Sr., led one of the most popular dance bands in the Mississippi-Louisiana region for several decades beginning around 1900. Scott (1876-1938), a lifelong Natchez resident, was renowned among both white and black audiences. Although the dances were segregated, the entire community could hear Scott when he sang from the balcony of the Natchez Confectionery at this site. Scott’s son, Clarence, Jr., (1908-1940), also known as Bud, led the band in . . . — Map (db m70852) HM
Mississippi (Adams County), Natchez — Commercial Bank Building
Built ca. 1836, this structure, a National Historic Landmark, is a fine example of the Greek Revival style. A Banker’s House attached to the rear insured security & gives the structure an unusual and practical plan. — Map (db m79346) HM
Mississippi (Adams County), Natchez — DAR And The Natchez Trace
Mrs. Egbert Jones and Mrs. Ferriday Byrnes, members of the Mississippi State Society Daughters of the American Revolution (DAR), played important roles in the development of the Natchez Trace Parkway. Mrs. Jones, of Holly Springs, State Regent 1906 - 1908, first proposed to commemorate the Natchez Trace by erecting markers along the historic trail. Mrs. Byrnes, of Natchez, became president of the Natchez Trace Association in 1934 and for over thirty years tirelessly campaigned for the . . . — Map (db m42629) HM
Mississippi (Adams County), Natchez — Ealey Brothers
(Front Side) The Ealey family of Sibley has produced some of the most talented musicians to emerge from the Natchez area. Brothers Theodis, YZ, and Melwyn Ealey performed together locally in the band YZ Ealey and the Merry Makers in the early 1960s. They later became recording artists, as did their older brother, David (“Bubba”) Ealey. Theodis developed a captivating blend of traditional blues and modern funk and soul music to achieve national prominence after leaving . . . — Map (db m87181) HM
Mississippi (Adams County), Natchez — Forks of the Road
Site of the South's second largest slave market in the 19th century. Enslaved people were also once sold on city streets and at the landing at Natchez Under the Hill. Natchez slaves were freed in July, 1863, when Union troops occupied the city. The Forks of the Road market then became a refuge for hundreds of emancipated people. — Map (db m37433) HM
Mississippi (Adams County), Natchez — Forks of the Road Historical Site
[Panel 1:] Natchez in the Center of Slavery Slavery is central to American history. The labor of enslaved African Americans built much of the nation’s wealth and enabled it to gain its economic independence. The enslavement of people also challenged America’s fundamental commitment to freedom. You are standing at Forks of the Road, the site of several markets where enslaved humans were bought and sold from the 1830s until 1863. This was the center of the trade in Natchez, one . . . — Map (db m41533) HM
Mississippi (Adams County), Natchez — Fort Rosalie
On bluff to south stood Ft. Rosalie, established by the French in 1716. Became nucleus of settlements from which the Miss. Territory was founded. Near this marker stood the French warehouse that was a center of bloodshed during the Natchez Massacre of 1729. Dedicated December 11, 1988 by the Mississippi State Society Daughters of the American Revolution Mrs. D. Kelly Love, State Regent — Map (db m5143) HM
Mississippi (Adams County), Natchez — Jefferson Street Methodist Church
This was the first Methodist congregration in Natchez formed in the early 1800s, and the 1st building was constructed in 1807. The 1st Sunday School south of Philadelphia, Pa., was organized here in 1829. — Map (db m29749) HM
Mississippi (Adams County), Natchez — Natchez
First settled by French, 1716-29. Lasting growth came with Britain, 1763-1779, and Spain, 1779-98. Cotton and trade made it commercial and cultural capital of Old South. — Map (db m4479) HM
Mississippi (Adams County), Natchez — Natchez
Here passed, in 1543, De Soto’s men under Moscoso. In 1682 La Salle and De Tonti here visited the Natchez Indians. In 1716 Bienville here built Fort Rosalie and established a French settlement. In 1763 the fort was ceded to the English and renamed Ft. Panmure; in 1779 it passed to the Spaniards; in 1798 it was occupied by American troops. Chartered in 1803, the city of Natchez was from 1798 to 1802, and from 1817 to 1821 the capital of Mississippi. In this, the 224th year since its . . . — Map (db m87167) HM
Mississippi (Adams County), Natchez — Natchez City Cemetery
Established in 1822 on a ten acre tract, this cemetery grew into a park notable for its variety of 19th century iron and marble work. People of all walks of life are buried within the cemetery. — Map (db m50659) HM
Mississippi (Adams County), Natchez — Origin of the Natchez Trace
After the American Revolution, frontiersmen from the Ohio Valley carried their products down stream to Spanish controlled New Orleans and Natchez. Returning home, boatmen followed a series of Indian trails from Natchez to Nashville—trails which evolved into the Natchez Trace. After the United States acquired Natchez in 1798, the Government decided to clear a road between the newly-created Mississippi Territory and the State of Tennessee as an important communication link between . . . — Map (db m87224) HM
Mississippi (Adams County), Natchez — Richard N. Wright
Noted African-American author of Native Son and Black Boy was born in 1908 near Natchez, where he spent his early childhood. His lifelong quest for freedom led him to Paris, France, where he died in 1960. — Map (db m10059) HM
Mississippi (Adams County), Natchez — Rosalie Cemetery
This marker is placed as a memorial to those early settlers of Natchez whose buried remains were discovered here during the Natchez Bluffs Stabilization Project in 1999. This bluff was originally part of the property purchased on December 22, 1820, by Peter Little, the builder of Rosalie. The Mississippi State Society Daughters of the American Revolution (MSSDAR) acquired the bluff in the 1970s after purchasing Rosalie in 1938. The remains of four persons were exhumed and studied by . . . — Map (db m50696) HM
Mississippi (Adams County), Natchez — Site of Bank of Mississippi
Chartered in 1809 as the only bank in Mississippi Territory and given a monopoly as the official state bank in 1818. It occupied this site in 1826 but was supplanted by Planters' Bank in 1831. Closed solvent. — Map (db m70854) HM
Mississippi (Adams County), Natchez — Spanish Colonial Natchez1779 ~ 1798
Following acquisition of the Natchez District in 1779, the Spanish founded the City of Natchez ca.1790 to serve as the capital. Under Governor Manuel Gayoso, the city was planned and surveyed by John Girault in a typical Spanish grid plan around a central plaza and church with a common, on the bluff of the Mississippi River. Dedicated March 27, 1998 by the Mississippi State Society Daughters of the American Revolution, Mrs. Erwin Connel Ward, State Regent, to commemorate the . . . — Map (db m10058) HM
Mississippi (Adams County), Natchez — Temple B'Nai IsraelEstablished 1843
Jewish Americans have been part of Mississippi’s economic, social and political life since the 1780’s. In 1843, the Jewish community of Natchez grew large enough to organize and sustain the state’s first permanent religious congregation, Temple B’Nai Israel (Children of Israel). In 1867 the congregation purchased property on Washington and Commerce streets, building its permanent synagogue in 1872. Temple B’Nai Israel became a charter member of the Union of American Hebrew Congregations in . . . — Map (db m79345) HM
Mississippi (Adams County), Natchez — The First Presbyterian Church
Congregation organized in 1817. The Sanctuary was built in 1828-29 and enlarged in 1851. The Romanesque Revival rear addition was built in 1900 in honor of Joseph Stratton, Pastor, 1843-1903. The church and its companion manse on South Rankin Street are two of the finest Federal style buildings in Mississippi. — Map (db m19027) HM
Mississippi (Adams County), Natchez — The Natchez Trace
Marked by the Daughters of the American Revolution in Mississippi 1909. This historic thoroughfare from Natchez to Nashville, Tenn. was used as a mail route in 1796. Although it was a well known Indian trail in far earlier days. — Map (db m4555) HM
Mississippi (Adams County), Natchez — The William Johnson House
The house to your left, completed in 1841, was built by William Johnson. Born a slave in 1809 in Natchez and freed in 1820, Johnson learned the profession of barbering from his brother-in-law. At an early age, he owned a barbershop and later prospered by investing in real estate. Johnson was killed in 1851 over a land dispute. His murderer, Baylor Wynn, eventually went free. Even though several black men witnessed the crime, under Mississippi law they could not testify against Johnson’s . . . — Map (db m92857) HM
Mississippi (Adams County), Natchez — William Johnson HouseNatchez, Mississippi — Friends of Libraries U.S.A. Literary Landmark
William Johnson 1809-1851 was a free African American Businessman and Diarist. His diary, covering the period from 1835-1851 and published in 1951, contains an extensive description of everyday pre-Civil War life; it is a valuable contribution to the literature of the antebellum South. His home is designated a Literary Landmark by Friends of Libraries, U.S.A. United States National Park Service - February 26, 2005. Friends of Judge George W. Armstrong Library. Friends of . . . — Map (db m34877) HM
Mississippi (Adams County), Stanton — A National Road
(Marker #1) A National Road Natchez in the extreme south-western corner of the United States was threatened by Spain in 1800 and later by France and Great Britain. President Jefferson in 1801 decided that a road from Nashville to Natchez was necessary for the safety and welfare of the nation. “This road being completed, I shall consider our southern extremity secured, the Indians in that quarter at our feet and adjacent province laid open to us.” . . . — Map (db m87267) HM
Mississippi (Adams County), Stanton — Emerald Mound
Before you is the second largest temple mound in the United States. Only Monks Mound in Cahokia, Illinois, is larger. This eight acre mound, constructed from a natural hill, was built and used from about 1300 to 1600 by the Mississippians, ancestors of the Natchez Indians. Unlike dome shaped mounds constructed only for burials, Emerald Mound supported temples, ceremonial structures, and burials of a complex society's civic and religious leaders. — Map (db m61974) HM
Mississippi (Adams County), Stanton — Emerald Mound
Before you is a 30 foot secondary mound on which once stood a temple containing sacred Indian images. Archeological evidence indicates that at least two small mounds stood along the North and South sides of the primary platform. These mounds may have supported structures of wood plastered with clay. Using primitive tools of wood, stone and bone, the Indians loaded the dirt into baskets or skins which they carried on their backs or heads. A base for temple mounds, the great platform is . . . — Map (db m87272) HM
Mississippi (Adams County), Stanton — Loess Bluff
This bluff shows a deep deposit of windblown topsoil known as loess (pronounced LOW–ess). It was formed during the Ice Age when glaciers covered the northern half of the United States.    At this time nearly continuous duststorms swept in from the western plains and covered this area with windblown dust to a depth of 30 to 90 feet. Here it rests on sands and clays of an ancient sea. It originally covered a vast region but in this area is now confined to a strip east of the Mississippi . . . — Map (db m62182) HM
Mississippi (Adams County), Stanton — Old Trace
Across the Parkway behind you is a portion of the Old Natchez Trace - - a wilderness road that originated from a series of trails used by the southeastern Indian tribes. The Natchez Trace was politically, economically, socially, and militarily important for the United States in its early developement. Among those that traveled this road were American Indians, traders, soldiers, “Kaintucks”, postriders, settlers, slaves, circuit-riding preachers, outlaws, and adventurers. The Old . . . — Map (db m87265) HM
Mississippi (Adams County), Washington — Elizabeth Female Academy
First school for women chartered by Mississippi Legislature located here. Elizabeth Roach led in organization. School was important from 1818-1843. — Map (db m87231) HM
Mississippi (Adams County), Washington — Elizabeth Female Academy
The Natchez Trace was still active and Mississippi had just become a state when the Elizabeth Female Academy opened its doors in November of 1818. Much can be learned about the culture of early Mississippi here in the community of Washington. As the young state’s first capital it boasted churches, advanced learning societies, and two institutions of higher education, Jefferson College (1811) and the Elizabeth Female Academy. Progressive thinking for the day, it was the first institution of . . . — Map (db m87232) HM
Mississippi (Adams County), Washington — Site of Elizabeth Female College
First women’s college in America chartered on Feb. 17, 1819 to confer degrees on women. Named in honor of Elizabeth Roach, through whose generosity the College was made possible. Audubon was on the faculty. — Map (db m87235) HM
Mississippi (Alcorn County), Corinth — "A beehive of activity..."A look at Civil War Corinth — --through the eyes of wartime artists and photographers
Tents, army wagons and soldiers crowd the area around the railway depot and Tishomingo Hotel in this view. Over the course of the war it is estimated that about 300,000 troops served in Corinth or passed through this railroad junction. Civilians, including families of army officers, also came to Corinth. Some, such as nine-year-old Maude Morrow, daughter of a Union Army doctor, wrote of their experience. Maude described living in the old Tishomingo Hotel in 1862. "We...were given headquarter in . . . — Map (db m51752) HM
Mississippi (Alcorn County), Corinth — "Decision at the Crossroads" Corinth: October 4, 1862
On the morning of October 4, 1862, nearly 20,000 Confederates under Maj. Gen. Earl Van Dorn launched a massive assault on Maj. Gen. William S. Rosecrans' 20,000 Federal soldiers defending the interior line of Corinth's entrenchments. Attacking from the north and northwest, the Confederates breached the Union line at Battery Powell. A fierce street battle developed as rebel fought yankee from house to house as the fighting pressed into town. Here in front (north) of the Tishomingo Hotel, . . . — Map (db m63296) HM
Mississippi (Alcorn County), Corinth — An Act to Establish and to Protect National Cemeteries.Approved February 22, 1867. — Section 3.
And be it further enacted, That any person who shall willfully destroy, mutilate, deface, injure, or remove any monument, gravestone, or other structure, or shall willfully destroy, cut, break, injure, or remove any tree, shrub, or plant within the limits of any of said National Cemeteries shall be deemed guilty of a misdemeanor, and upon conviction thereof before any District or Circuit Court of the United States within any State or District where any of said National Cemeteries are . . . — Map (db m89097) HM
Mississippi (Alcorn County), Corinth — Battery FBattle of Corinth
Only extant redan of six built in 1862 by U.S. troops as outer defense south and west of town. Taken on Oct. 3, 1862, by C.S. forces after fierce fighting. Battle resumed on Oct. 4, but C.S. troops forced to withdraw. — Map (db m66613) HM
Mississippi (Alcorn County), Corinth — Battle of Corinth - 1862
Site of Battery Williams. On Oct. 4 the cannonade from here devastated the Confederate troops attacking Battery Robinette. The advance failed, forcing Gen. Van Dorn to withdraw his forces. — Map (db m50324) HM
Mississippi (Alcorn County), Corinth — Battle of Corinth - 1862
Site of Battery Williams. On Oct. 4 the cannonade from here devastated the Confederate troops attacking Battery Robinette. The advance failed, forcing Gen. Van Dorn to withdraw his forces. — Map (db m66590) HM
Mississippi (Alcorn County), Corinth — Battle of Corinth Battery F1st. Day, October 3, 1862
The South suffered a strategic disaster when Corinth and its railroads fell to Union forces on May 30, 1862. The destruction of the Union force garrisoned in Corinth and recapture of this rail center quickly became vital Confederate objectives. In late September, 22,000 troops under Maj. Gens. Earl Van Dorn and Sterling Price marched toward Corinth to accomplish this. On the morning of October 3, the Confederates attacked from the northwest, driving in Union pickets and slowly pushing the . . . — Map (db m66676) HM
Mississippi (Alcorn County), Corinth — Brigadier-General Joseph Lewis HoggBattery Robinett
(front) Brigadier-General Joseph Lewis Hogg, of Texas, Born in 1809, Died near here May 16, 1862 (back) Erected by his grandchildren of Texas 1918 — Map (db m89039) HM
Mississippi (Alcorn County), Corinth — C.S.A. Rifle Pit
S. 3/10 mi. to rear of school. Of unique circular design, about 50 ft. in diameter, this pit was one of series built in 1862 as second line of defence against U.S. troops advancing from Shiloh. — Map (db m50318) HM
Mississippi (Alcorn County), Corinth — Corinth
Began 1854 as Cross City. Proximity to Tennessee River and the railroads made it of great strategic value during Civil War. Battle of Corinth fought here, Oct. 3-4, 1862. — Map (db m21305) HM
Mississippi (Alcorn County), Corinth — Corinth
Began 1854 as Cross City. Proximity to Tennessee River and the railroads made it of great strategic value during the Civil War. Battle of Corinth fought here, Oct. 3-4, 1862. — Map (db m66533) HM
Mississippi (Alcorn County), Corinth — Corinth Confederate Memorial
In Memory of Confederate soldiers April -May 1862 who died from wounds or disease in the Siege of Corinth — Map (db m37280) HM
Mississippi (Alcorn County), Corinth — Corinth Confederate Monument
(front) Col. W.P. Rogers 2nd Texas Reg't. Killed at Ft. Robinette Oct. 4, 1862. As long as courage, manliness and patriotism exist, the name of Rogers will be honored among men. He fell in the front of battle in the center of the enemies stronghold. He sleeps and glory is his sentinel. (right) Erected as a tribute to the memory of the Confederate patriots who fell at the Battle of Corinth in October 1862 "On Fame's eternal . . . — Map (db m89036) WM
Mississippi (Alcorn County), Corinth — Corinth Panorama -- 1862
This view of Corinth appeared in Frank Leslie's Illustrated Newspaper, June 21, 1862, not long after the Union army captured the town. Despite some inaccuracies, it depicts a scene familiar to many thousands of troops from both armies. The Tishomingo Hotel is partly hidden by the railway station on the right. Prominent in the center background is the Corinth House, a popular hotel. The row of commercial buildings on the left faces Cruise Street. — Map (db m51758) HM
Mississippi (Alcorn County), Corinth — Fillmore Street Chapel
Corinth's oldest church bldg.; erected 1871 by Cumberland Presbyterian Church, the First church est. in Corinth. 1906~1976 served as Fillmore St. Pres. Ch. Now used as chapel by First United Methodist Church. — Map (db m28472) HM
Mississippi (Alcorn County), Corinth — Ft. Robinette
W. 1/2 mi. Now Confederate Park. Here, Oct. 5, 1862, during Battle of Corinth, occurred a C.S.A. charge as heedless of cost as those of Pickett at Gettysburg and Light Brigade at Balaclava. — Map (db m66738) HM
Mississippi (Alcorn County), Corinth — Generals' Headquarters
Built about 1857 for Hamilton Mask. Used in Civil War as Hq. of Generals Braxton Bragg, H.W. Halleck, and John B. Hood. Donated to Corinth in 1960 by S.H. Curlee family. — Map (db m66558) HM
Mississippi (Alcorn County), Corinth — Grant’s Headquarters
Site of hq. of Gen. Ulysses Simpson Grant in June, 1862. In mid-July Grant removed to plantation home of F. E. Whitfield, Sr., about 1 mi. S. of Corinth. — Map (db m21157) HM
Mississippi (Alcorn County), Corinth — Henry Cemetery
Founded in 1879 by the Milton B. Henry family on land sold by the Chickasaws to the U.S. government in 1832. Henry purchased 160 acres in 1856. Robert Henry Young, an infant grandson of M.B. Henry, was the first person buried here. The Henry Cemetery was incorporated on September 4, 1906. — Map (db m66591) HM
Mississippi (Alcorn County), Corinth — Johnston's Headquarters
Site of hq. of Gen. Albert Sidney Johnston, April 1~4, 1862. After his death at Shiloh, April 6, body was brought here where it lay in state, April 7, 1862. — Map (db m29280) HM
Mississippi (Alcorn County), Corinth — Oak Home
Built in 1857 for Judge W.H. Kilpatrick. Used in Civil War as headquarters of General Leonidas Polk. Bought in 1866 by Mrs. Thomas Quincy Martin and occupied continuously by her descendants. — Map (db m66557) HM
Mississippi (Alcorn County), Corinth — Oak HomeA look at Civil War Corinth — through the eyes of wartime artists and photographers
Judge W.H. Kilpatrick of Corinth had Oak Home built in 1857 by Tom Chesney, a local house designer and builder. Mr. M.S. Miller, a civil engineer working in Corinth shortly before the war, made this sketch in 1860, the only known Civil War vintage picture of Oak Home. Miller notes that a wood fence surrounded the whole block and that the "fine house" was straw-colored with a yellow door bordered by sidelights. Gen. Leonidas Polk, C.S.A. occupied Oak Home in 1862 until the siege of Corinth . . . — Map (db m66700) HM
Mississippi (Alcorn County), Corinth — Retreat From Battery F
This 5-gun Union battery stood between the attacking Confederates and Corinth's inner defenses. As the Battle of Corinth progressed, Confederate troops of Brig. Gen. Dabney H. Maury's division crossed the railroad and attacked from the north; Maj. Gen. Mansfield Lovell's division swung around to the south and flanked the battery. Faced with this indefensible position the Federals abandoned Battery F and withdrew to Corinth's inner defensive works. Caption: Upon occupying Corinth, . . . — Map (db m66689) HM
Mississippi (Alcorn County), Corinth — Site of Rose CottageA look at Civil War Corinth — through the eyes of wartime artists and photographers
Among Corinth’s countless stories of personal wartime tragedy is that of General Albert Sidney Johnston, Confederate Commander of the War in the West, who made his headquarters in Rose Cottage. After Johnston received a fatal wound at the Battle of Shiloh, his body was returned to Corinth where it lay in state in Rose Cottage. The Confederacy suffered a great loss with the death of this commander, a close personal friend of Jefferson Davis, president of the Confederate States of America. — Map (db m29291) HM
Mississippi (Alcorn County), Corinth — Site of the Corinth House Hotel
The Corinth House stood in the distance, facing the historic railroad crossing and the Tishomingo Hotel. This photograph shows it after the Union Army occupied Corinth. In the exciting months before Corinth fell to the Union Army in 1862, townsfolk and Confederate soldiers crowded its hotels, attending dances, parties and other social events. Shortly before the Battle of Shiloh Mr. and Mrs. Pannell, owners of the Corinth House during the war, hosted a grand Confederate Ball attended by . . . — Map (db m51757) HM
Mississippi (Alcorn County), Corinth — Site of the Mitchell HouseA look at Civil War Corinth - — through the eyes of wartime artists and photographers
Corinth City Hall now occupies this site, but early in the war the Houston Mitchell family lived in this spacious home. A favorite house among the general officers who served in Corinth at various times, the Mitchell residence was used as headquarters for both Confederate and Union generals. The Mitchell House served as headquarters for these generals. Gen. Frank Cheatham, CSA Gen. Ulysses S. Grant, USA Gen. William T. Sherman, USA Gen. Don Carlos Buell, USA — Map (db m88942) HM
Mississippi (Alcorn County), Corinth — Site of the Provost Marshal's OfficeA look at Civil War Corinth — through the eyes of wartime artists and photographers.
The Moss House, one of Corinth's popular hotels, stood across this intersection. When the Union army occupied Corinth in 1862, the Provost Marshal established headquarters in the building. Army officers who served as provost marshal had the responsibility for policing and maintaining order among both military and civilian occupants of the town. The hotel served as a hospital after the Battles of Shiloh and Corinth. Unlike many of Corinth's buildings, the Moss House survived the war and . . . — Map (db m66739) HM
Mississippi (Alcorn County), Corinth — Texas Memorial
(Front): Texas remembers the valor and devotion of its sons which served at Corinth and its surrounding environs during the Western Campaign of 1862. Here in the days following the retreat of Southern forces from the battlefield of Shiloh, two Confederate armies combined to defend the strategic railroad crossing at Corinth. Texans from 18 different units assisted in the defense until heavily outnumbered. The Confederates were compelled to abandon the city on the 30th of May. In . . . — Map (db m42632) HM
Mississippi (Alcorn County), Corinth — The Curlee HouseA look at Civil War Corinth - — through the eyes of wartime artists and photographers
One of Corinth's founders, surveyor Hamilton Mask, built this Greek Revival home in 1857, pictured above as it appeared about 1862. It became known as the "Verandah House" because of its porches and served as headquarters for both Union and Confederate officers. William P. Curlee, whose name it now bears, bought the property in 1875. Except for minor changes, it appears today much as it did in 1862. You are invited to tour the house during its open hours. During the war high-ranking . . . — Map (db m88943) HM
Mississippi (Alcorn County), Corinth — The Old Tishomingo HotelA look at Civil War Corinth — --through the eyes of wartime artists and photographers
Here, at the hub of activity in 1862, stood the Tishomingo Hotel. The railway station (hidden by the train) is at the crossing of the Mobile & Ohio and Memphis & Charleston railroads. The Tishomingo was popular as an unofficial railway station and following the Battle of Shiloh it housed a Confederate hospital. Union forces occupying Corinth continued its use as a hospital. Visible in this photograph, taken after the Confederates abandoned Corinth on May 29, 1862, is a small . . . — Map (db m51753) HM
Mississippi (Alcorn County), Corinth — Union General Thomas Addresses the TroopsA look at Civil War Corinth - — through the eyes of wartime artists and photographers.
This unusual Civil War photograph captures a news event as it is happening, rather than recording its aftermath. In the middle of the scene is a canvas topped speakers platform from which Union Adjutant General Lorenzo Thomas is speaking to troops on enlistment of African Americans into the Union Army. This was a burning issue of the times, although African Americans had previously fought in all American Wars. Two of the first Black regiments were organized in Corinth - the First (and . . . — Map (db m89030) HM
Mississippi (Alcorn County), Corinth — Union Troops at CorinthA look at Civil War Corinth — --through the eyes of wartime artists and photographers
Not a "spit and polish" outfit, but tough and practical fighters. A Civil War photographer caught this group in a candid mode. Before the 1850s, the public's conception of battle formed mostly from romanticized drawings and paintings. Photography changed that image during the Crimean War and the American Civil War, with pictures showing things the way they really were. The photographer took this picture in the vicinity of the Tishomingo Hotel and railway station. A tent encampment can be seen . . . — Map (db m51755) HM
Mississippi (Alcorn County), Corinth — View Toward Batteries Robinett and WilliamsA Look at Civil War Corinth — --through the eyes of wartime artists and photographers.
Looking northwest in this view along the right-of-way of the Memphis & Charleston RR, you can see the earthworks of Battery Williams to the left of the tracks. Battery Robinett lies in the distance to the right. One of the many military tent camps in Corinth lies between the foreground and Battery Robinett. In the Battle of Corinth, the Confederate attack focused upon the area where you are standing. Union forces finally halted the Confederate effort to regain Corinth in the savage fighting at Battery Robinett. — Map (db m29273) HM
Mississippi (Alcorn County), Corinth — William P. RogersBattery Robinett
. . . — Map (db m89042) HM WM
Mississippi (Alcorn County), Jacinto — Jacinto
E. 9 mi. Founded 1836 as seat of “Old” Tishomingo, including present Alcorn & Prentiss counties. Named for battle of San Jacinto. Courthouse dates from 1854. Lost county seat, 1870. Home of Sen. E.W. Carmack. — Map (db m77399) HM
Mississippi (Amite County), Liberty — Amite County Courthouse
The State's oldest courthouse, built in 1839-41, replaced the building located on this historic square. Seat of Amite County, formed Feb. 24, 1809. Listed on the National Register of Historic Places. — Map (db m92615) HM
Mississippi (Amite County), Liberty — Amite Female Seminary
Locally known as the Little Red School House, the Amite Female Seminary was established in 1853 by Rev. Milton S. Shirk. The school's curriculum included music, literature, history, mathematics, modern languages, philosophy, science and physical education. The school ceased operation during the Civil War when the Seminary burned, leaving this lone building. Following renovations, the Little Red School House was converted into a museum in 1979. — Map (db m92629) HM
Mississippi (Amite County), Liberty — Battle Of Liberty
On November 16, 1864, Union cavalry under Col. Benjamin Marsh captured a small Confederate force at Liberty. Marsh had hoped to capture Brig. Gen. George Hodge, but he escaped. The next day, Brig. Gen. Albert Lee reinforced the Federals with 1,700 men and three cannon. On November 18, Confederate cavalry attempted to retake the town. Moving up the Greensburg Road, Col. John Scott's men were forced to withdraw after an hour long engagement. On the nineteenth, Union forces returned to Baton Rouge. — Map (db m92730) HM
Mississippi (Amite County), Liberty — Confederate Monument
Erected on land donated in 1868 by the Liberty Masonic Lodge, this Confederate monument was designed and built by A.J. Lewis. The shaft is inscribed with the names of 279 Amite County Confederate soldiers who died during the Civil War. Dedicated in 1871, it is the first such monument erected in the state and among the first in the nation. — Map (db m92709) HM
Mississippi (Amite County), Liberty — Herbert Lee
Herbert Lee, a 42-year-old dairy farmer in the Amite County area, became a member of the NAACP in the early 1950s. In the fall of 1961, Lee began transporting voting rights activists within the Pike and Amite County area. On September 25, 1961, Herbert Lee was shot and killed while at the local cotton gin. — Map (db m92564) HM
Mississippi (Amite County), Liberty — 7 — Jerry Clower
(Side A) A Liberty native, Jerry Clower (1926-1998) brought his colorful, observant, comic stories of southern life — developed as a sales tool as he worked as a fertilizer salesman — to live shows, recordings, television, bestselling books, and, for over twenty-five years beginning in 1973, Grand Ole Opry broadcasts. He became one of the most successful and acclaimed country comedians of all time. (Side B) Jerry Clower Born Howard Gerald Clower here in . . . — Map (db m92559) HM
Mississippi (Amite County), Liberty — Liberty
Founded 1809 and chartered 1828. Site of first Confederate monument in state, 1871. Here Gail Borden conducted condensed milk experiments. Dr. Tichenor's antiseptic was also originated here. — Map (db m92616) HM
Mississippi (Amite County), Liberty — Liberty Missionary Baptist Church
Founded as the Liberty Colored Church in March 1870 after fifteen black members requested letters of dismissal from Liberty Baptist Church to organize their own congregation. Under the leadership of their first pastor, Rev. Fred Stirling, these citizens held services under a brush arbor until 1873 when they purchased an acre of land and constructed the first sanctuary. Liberty Missionary Baptist Church was the first African American Baptist church founded by former slaves in the town of Liberty. — Map (db m92617) HM
Mississippi (Amite County), Liberty — Old Natchez District
Ceded by Choctaws & Chickasaws in Fort Adams Treaty, 1801, confirming earlier British treaty. Contained most of present Warren, Jefferson, Claiborne, Adams, Franklin, Wilkinson & Amite counties. — Map (db m92556) HM
Mississippi (Attala County), French Camp — Bethel Mission
About half a mile northwesterly, Bethel, meaning “House of God” was opened in 1822 as one of thirteen Choctaw mission stations. Indians, slaves, and other men “labored hard during four weeks ... frequently till 10 o’clock at night, by the light of the moon or large fires” to clear the forest and erect the buildings.      The missionaries who took the gospel to the wilderness also taught farming, carpentry, weaving, and housekeeping as well as reading, writing, and . . . — Map (db m87479) HM
Mississippi (Attala County), French Camp — Cole Creek
Forests are fascinating places – whole new worlds unfold to anyone who takes time to explore them.      Across Cole Creek you will find a typical mixed hardwood forest. Here you can discover for yourself the many marvels in a bottomland forest which are more intriguing than you might suspect.      Time means little in a forest but a 15-minute adventure along this short trail will take you through the last stage of a tupelo-baldcypress swamp and into the first stage of a mixed hardwood bottomland forest. — Map (db m87477)
Mississippi (Attala County), Kosciusko — Hurricane Creek
Plants need water as much as men need money. Some are satisfied with little; some cannot flourish unless they have a lot; the majority can live contentedly with medium amounts.      From here, a trail descends to the vegetation that thrives in the wet bottomland along Hurricane Creek. The path winds upward among plants growing in soil of medium dampness and on to the top of a dry hill before returning here.      The differences in vegetation are due largely to the varying water content of the soil. — Map (db m87476)
Mississippi (Attala County), Kosciusko — MFWC Birthplace
The Mississippi Federation of Women’s Clubs was founded here on May 25, 1898. Organized by Mrs. Fannie Clark Coleman of Kosciusko, charter clubs included Clarksdale, Jackson, Verona, Sallis, Okolona, Vicksburg, and Meridian. Mrs. D.N. Hebron was elected as the first president. The MFWC joined the General Federation in 1904. — Map (db m72683) HM
Mississippi (Benton County), Michigan City — Mississippi Central R.R. Campaign
On October 14, 1862, Confederate Gen. John Pemberton assumed command in Mississippi and east Louisiana. Eleven days later, Gen. Ulysses Grant became commander of Union forces in the region. Over the next 8½ months, their forces fought for control of Vicksburg and the Mississippi River. On November 2, Grant moved down the Mississippi Central R.R. and established an advance supply base at Grand Junction, Tennessee on the 4th. By November 28, the Federals were camped at Lamar, six miles south of here. — Map (db m84782) HM
Mississippi (Bolivar County), Cleveland — 9 — Amzie Moore — Mississippi Freedom Trail
Front Returning home from WWII, Cleveland businessman Amzie Moore (1911-1982) became a principal architect of early civii rights activism as a founding member of the Mississippi NAACP and the Regional Council of Negro Leadership. Convinced that political power was the key to obtaining civil rights, he planned and led voter registration projects. Moore persuaded SNCC organizer Bob Moses to recruit students for campaigns, setting the stage for Freedom Summer of 1964. . . . — Map (db m90128) HM
Mississippi (Bolivar County), Cleveland — Amzie Moore Home
Amzie Moore (1911-1982), a local Civil Rights leader, built this house in 1941. An army veteran, Moore also worked for the U.S. Postal Service. After returning from WWII, Moore dedicated himself to the civil rights movement, co-founding the Regional Council of Negro Leadership. His home served as a meeting place for many in the civil rights movement, including Bob Moses, Sam Block, Aaron Henry, Medgar Evers, Martin Luther King, Jr., Andrew Young, John Lewis and Thurgood Marshall. — Map (db m90074) HM
Mississippi (Bolivar County), Cleveland — Bolivar County Confederate MonumentC.S.A.
Front (East) To the memory of our Confederate Dead. 1861-65. Dead upon the field of glory Hero fit for song and story. Rear (West) Bolivar County's tribute to southern heroism. No nation ever rose so free from crime, nor fell so free from stain. — Map (db m90270) WM
Mississippi (Bolivar County), Cleveland — Bolivar County Veterans Memorial
Dedicated to the memory of those veterans who made the supreme sacrifice in the World Wars. — Map (db m90465) WM
Mississippi (Bolivar County), Cleveland — Cleveland
Named for President Grover Cleveland. Founded along Jones Bayou and Yazoo and Mississippi Valley R.R. in 1886. Downtown historic area listed in National Register of Historic Places in 1999. — Map (db m90069) HM
Mississippi (Bolivar County), Cleveland — David R. Bowen
A Cleveland High School graduate, Bowen (D-Miss.) served five terms in Congress (1973-1983). As chair of the Cotton, Rice, and Sugar Subcommittee and a member of the House Agriculture, Foreign Affairs, and Merchant Marine and Fisheries Committees, his legislation opened rice production and rewrote cotton and sugar laws and the Endangered Species Act. A graduate of Harvard and Oxford, he taught at Millsaps, Mississippi College and Mississippi State. An author, he also served as president of the Mississippi Historical Society. — Map (db m89935) HM
Mississippi (Bolivar County), Cleveland — Delta Blues Inspires W.C. Handy
While leading his orchestra at a dance on this site c. 1905, Handy was unable to perform requested blues numbers. A local band stepped in and stole the show. "My enlightenment came in Cleveland. That night an American composer was born," he wrote. Handy later penned such blues classics as Memphis Blues and St. Louis Blues. — Map (db m89932) HM
Mississippi (Bolivar County), Cleveland — Hill Demonstration School
In 1926 the Hill Demonstration School opened for grades one through six, with kindergarten classes added in 1929. This laboratory-style school for Delta State student teachers had an initial enrollment of twenty-five and was housed in the basement of the men's dormitory, Hardee Hall. In 1930, the school moved to Hill Hall with space for administrative offices, classrooms, and an auditorium. The Hill Demonstration School closed in April 1957. — Map (db m90127) HM
Mississippi (Bolivar County), Cleveland — Margaret Wade
Lily Margaret Wade (1912-1995) was a standout on Cleveland High School’s girls basketball team and Delta State’s women’s basketball team. Compiling a CHS coaching record of 453-89-6, she began coaching the Lady Statesmen in 1973, winning the AIAW National title in 1975, 1976, and 1977. Ms. Wade has been inducted into the Mississippi Sports, Delta State, National Basketball and Mississippi Coaches Halls of Fame. In 1978 a trophy awarded to the NCAA Division I Women’s Basketball Player of the Year was established in her honor. — Map (db m90125) HM
Mississippi (Bolivar County), Cleveland — The Cleveland Chinese Mission School
Founded in 1937 by parents, Cleveland First Baptist Church, and community leaders to provide an education for children of Chinese descent who were excluded from area schools by the 1927 US Supreme Court decision, Gong Lum v. Rice. Students in grades 1-12 were instructed in English and Chinese. Enrollment declined by WWII, as Chinese began to be admitted to area schools. The school closed in 1951. The building continued as the Chinese Baptist Church, and was demolished in 2003. — Map (db m90066) HM
Mississippi (Bolivar County), Cleveland — The Cleveland Depot
Four railroad depots have operated here since Cleveland was incorporated in 1886. The first depot—two Yazoo & Mississippi Valley RR cars tied together and parked on a side track—disappeared when a prankster hooked it to an outgoing train. A temporary depot was used until 1896 when a larger, wooden building was constructed. This depot burned in 1914 but was replaced the following year by the Illinois Central Railroad. The present structure, renovated in 2003, incorporates a portion of the 1915 depot. — Map (db m89937) HM
Mississippi (Bolivar County), Cleveland — 173 — The Enlightenment of W. C. Handy
Front In W.C. Handy's famous account of his "enlightenment" in Cleveland, a ragged local trio was showered with coins after Handy's orchestra of trained musicians had been unable to similarly excite the crowd. In early manuscripts of his book Father of the Blues Handy identified the leader of the trio as Prince McCoy, but when the book went to press in 1941 McCoy's name had been removed. McCoy (c. 1882-1968) later led a popular orchestra in Greenville but never received . . . — Map (db m90071) HM
Mississippi (Bolivar County), Cleveland — The Marshall Plan
A plan for relief of postwar Europe, suggested by Mississippi native Will Clayton, was first announced here May 8, 1947, by Under Secretary of State Dean Acheson at a meeting of the Delta Council. — Map (db m90126) HM
Mississippi (Bolivar County), Mound Bayou — AKA Mobile Health Project
From 1935 to 1942, Alpha Kappa Alpha Sorority established mobile health clinics to provide medical care to black people in the Delta. Dr. Dorothy Ferebee, a member of the sorority, was the project's director. Primarily based in Mound Bayou, the summer program served over 15,000 residents before being discontinued due to World War II. — Map (db m89762) HM
Mississippi (Bolivar County), Mound Bayou — AKA Mobile Health Project
Alpha Kappa Alpha Sorority, Inc. sponsored its first mobile health initiative, the Mississippi Health Project from 1935 - 1942. Dr. Dorothy Ferebee, a member of the sorority, was the project director. Ida Jackson was the national president. The project was headquartered in Mound Bayou, Mississippi, and served over 15,000 black residents in the delta. Dedicated – January 13, 2006 Linda Marie White, President — Map (db m90149) HM
Mississippi (Bolivar County), Mound Bayou — Delta Health Center1967
First rural community health center in the United States Opened by Tufts University as Tufts Delta Health Center Third health care facility in Mound Bayou Serves as a much needed health resource for the poor and disenfranchised in the Mississippi Delta — Map (db m90509) HM
Mississippi (Bolivar County), Mound Bayou — Friendship Clinic1948
United Order of Friendship of America opened Friendship Clinic under the leadership of Dr. T. R. M. Howard Second medical facility in Mound Bayou Renamed Sarah Brown Hospital Renamed Mound Bayou Community Hospital Hospital closed in 1983 — Map (db m90501) HM
Mississippi (Bolivar County), Mound Bayou — Mound Bayou
Largest U.S. Negro town; settled July 12, 1887 by ex-slaves of Joe Davis, who conceived idea before Civil War: Isaiah T. Montgomery (member of 1890 state convention) & his cousin, Benjamin T. Green. — Map (db m89761) HM
Mississippi (Bolivar County), Mound Bayou — 161 — Mound Bayou Blues
Front Music has been one of the many facets of African American culture proudly nurtured by the community of Mound Bayou, ranging from blues and R&B in cafes, lounges, and juke joints to musical programs in schools, studios, and churches. Mound Bayou's cast of performers, both formally schooled and self-taught, has included the pioneer king of Delta blues, Charley Patton, fiddler Henry "Son" Simms, singers Nellie "Tiger" Travis and Sir Lattimore Brown, and guitarist Eddie El. . . . — Map (db m90065) HM
Mississippi (Bolivar County), Mound Bayou — Newton (Keys) Hotel Site
First hotel built in the Village of Mound Bayou "In the matter of sanitary surroundings, in the way of rooming arrangements, and culinary excellence with the matter of dining, the service at the Newton Hotel will satisfy the mostly rigorously exacting customer." -A. P. Hood, 1909 Location provided easy access to the train depot — Map (db m90470) HM
Mississippi (Bolivar County), Mound Bayou — Site of Mound Bayou Oil Mill & Manufacturing Company(Cottonseed Oil) — 1912
Organized by Charles Bank Building dedication led by Booker T. Washington More than 15,000 attended dedicatory event Constructing Architect: Thomas W. Cook Construction Foreman: W. H. Cook — Map (db m90504) HM
Mississippi (Bolivar County), Mound Bayou — 8 — T. R. M. Howard — The Mississippi Freedom Trail
Front Mound Bayou businessman and physician Theodore Roosevelt Mason Howard (1908-1976) founded and led Mississippi's pre-eminent civil rights organization in the 1950s, the Regional Council of Negro Leadership. A charismatic speaker and mentor to Medgar Evers, he led rallies and successful boycotts. He attempted reconciliation with the white community, but a bloody campaign against black civil rights activists, he left the state in 1957. Rear T. R. M. Howard, . . . — Map (db m90148) HM
Mississippi (Bolivar County), Mound Bayou — Taborian Hospital1942
International Order of Twelve Knights and Daughters of Tabor, Inc. opened Taborian Hospital under the leadership of P. M. Smith Second oldest hospital for Blacks in Mississippi First hospital in Mound Bayou Placed on the National Register of Historic Places by the United States Department of the Interior Designated as a Mississippi Landmark by the State of Mississippi — Map (db m90467) HM
Mississippi (Carroll County), Coila — Sgt. John A. PittmanMedal of Honor
The Medal of Honor is the highest award for valor in action against an enemy force which can be bestowed upon an individual serving in the Armed Services of the United States of America. Sgt. Pittman earned this medal by his actions in Korea on 26 November 1950 as a Sergeant in the U.S. Army. His actions were “above and beyond the call of duty.” The Medal was conferred upon him by President Harry Truman. — Map (db m62805) WM
Mississippi (Chickasaw County), Houston — Bynum Mounds
(Marker #1) Prehistoric Trade Raw materials and articles from distant areas reached the Indians of the Bynum site by trade along trails that were the forerunners of the Natchez Trace.
  • Spool-shaped objects made of copper filled with lead were found with Bynum burials.
  • Flint for tools and weapons came from as far away as the region of Ohio.
  • Green stone for polished celts (axes) was obtained from the Alabama-Tennessee Piedmont.
  • Marine shells came from the . . . — Map (db m84830) HM
Mississippi (Chickasaw County), New Houlka — Archaeology at Owl Creek MoundsEarly Archaeology - Mound II
The first archaeological work at Owl Creek Mounds was supervised by Moreau Chambers in August, 1935. He was employed by the Mississippi Department of Archives and History and assisted by Slater Gordon. E.T. Winston, a Pontotoc journalist and local historian, also helped. The crew, hired by the Federal Employment Relief Administration, was composed of local men. Excerpt from Chambers’ diary Saturday, August 10, 1935 “During the morning I took Mr. Winston into Pontotoc to . . . — Map (db m84697) HM
Mississippi (Chickasaw County), New Houlka — Archaeology at Owl Creek MoundsModern-Day Archaeology - Mound I
In the summers of 1991 and 1992, archaeology field schools from Mississippi State University worked to learn more about the site. Most of the excavations were done on top of Mounds I and II, with small test units dug into Mounds III, IV, and V. Broken pieces of pottery and other artifacts were recovered. Information on pits, buildings, and mound construction stages was also gathered. Because the mounds contained few artifacts, they probably were used for short-term ceremonies rather than . . . — Map (db m84698) HM
Mississippi (Chickasaw County), New Houlka — Archaeology Determines the Age of Owl Creek Mounds
Owl Creek Mounds were built between 800 and 900 years ago and were used for only about 100 years. This was determined by the dating of charcoal samples collected at the site and by studying the artifacts and type of building remains found in the mounds. Artifacts provide an easy method for establishing the time period of a site. Pottery, even in broken pieces, works especially well. For example, people of the Mississippian culture made pots with crushed mussel shell added to the clay as . . . — Map (db m84699) HM
Mississippi (Chickasaw County), New Houlka — De Soto's ExpeditionWas Owl Creek the Town of Chicasa?
Hernando De Soto landed in Florida at Tampa Bay in May, 1539. His army numbered around 800 Spaniards including two women. He also had 240 horses and several pigs. The expedition traveled through the Southeast to Texas and returned to the Mississippi River to float down to the Gulf of Mexico. Only about 300 Spaniards survived the four-year journey to reach Mexico in September of 1543. Chicasa was a village occupied by the Chickasaw Indians. The Chickasaws attacked and burned their own . . . — Map (db m84690) HM
Mississippi (Chickasaw County), New Houlka — Owl Creek MoundsA Ceremonial Site and Its Surrounding Area
The first humans came to North America by crossing the Bering Strait land bridge, which connected Siberia and Alaska. Their descendants arrived in this part of Mississippi nearly 12,000 years ago. The oldest mounds in the state were built by people who hunted animals and gathered wild plants for food. Later mounds were the handiwork of prehistoric farmers. The Owl Creek Mounds site was built and used by farming people belonging to the Mississippian culture, A.D. 1000 to 1500. The Owl Creek . . . — Map (db m84696) HM
Mississippi (Chickasaw County), Woodland — Old Trace
Preserved here is a portion of a nearly 200-year old road – the Old Natchez Trace. Maintaining this 500-mile long wilderness road in the early 1800's was a difficult if not hopeless task.      As you look down the sunken trench note the large trees growing on the edge of the 10-foot wide strip we clear today. These trees are mute testimony to the endless struggle between man to alter and change, and nature to reclaim, restore, and heal. — Map (db m84832) HM
Mississippi (Choctaw County), Ackerman — Ackerman
Chartered February 16, 1884, upon the arrival of the Canton, Aberdeen, & Nashville Railroad, and named for the company's president, William K. Ackerman. Since 1896 County Seat of Choctaw County. — Map (db m51200) HM
Mississippi (Choctaw County), Ackerman — Coleman's Mill
On Yockanookany, 1/2 mi. S., was built in 1836 water mill of W.R. Coleman of Fairfield Co. S.C., first white settler after Choctaw cession in Treaty of Dancing Rabbit Creek. — Map (db m51198) HM
Mississippi (Choctaw County), Ackerman — Jeff Busby Park
On February 15, 1934, while serving as U.S. Congressman from Mississippi, Thomas Jefferson Busby (1884-1964) introduced a bill authorizing a survey of the Old Natchez Trace. Four years later the historic road was designated a unit of the National Park System.      This area is named in Jeff Busby’s honor to commemorate his part in the Parkway’s establishment. — Map (db m87481) HM
Mississippi (Choctaw County), Ackerman — The Great Eastern Hardwood Forest
(Marker #1) The Great Eastern Hardwood Forest Before Columbus, the world of the eastern Indian was one of a vast continuous forest stretching from Canada to the Gulf coast. A mature forest, it changed little over the centuries, and served as the home of many creatures, some now gone from the earth. (Drawing Captions) Passenger pigeons by the millions darkened the skies overhead. They fed on the nuts and other fruits of the forest. The last survivor died in . . . — Map (db m87480) HM
Mississippi (Choctaw County), Ackerman — 139 — Two Steps From The BluesMississippi Blues Trail Marker
"Two Steps From the Blues" might refer to Choctaw County's location, a bit off the path from the well-known blues highways and byways of Mississippi, but it is also the title of a classic blues song written by a native of Ackerman, "Texas" Johnny Brown. The son of another Ackerman bluesman, Cranston Exerville "Clarence" Brown, Johnny was born in 1928 and moved to Texas in the 1940s. Other blues artists from the county have included Levester "Big Lucky" Carter and Therley "Speedy" Ashford, who . . . — Map (db m51199) HM
Mississippi (Choctaw County), French Camp — Col. James Drane
President pro tem of the state Senate, 1857-65. Defeated by W. McWillie in governor’s race, 1857. Delegate to Charleston Dem. Convention, 1860. Son and grandson of Rev. soldiers. House moved here, 1981, and restored. — Map (db m87486) HM
Mississippi (Choctaw County), French Camp — D.A.R. Memorial of Natchez Trace
This memorial marks a stage on the “Natchez Trace.” The first highway opened through the lower South, by the Treaty of Dancing Rabbit Creek in 1830, between the American government and the Choctaw Indians. The surrounding country became a part of the state of Mississippi. Here Andrew Jackson’s Tennessee and Kentucky commands rested on their way to join him, in his Coast Campaign in the War of 1812, during which second struggle for American independence, Mississippi took a heroic . . . — Map (db m87495) HM
Mississippi (Choctaw County), French Camp — French Camp
Louis Leflore first traded with the Choctaw Indians at a bluff now part of Jackson Mississippi. About 1812 he established his stand 900 feet to the northeast on the Natchez Trace.      Because of the storekeepers nationality, the area was often called French Camp, a name retained by the present village.      Leflore married a Choctaw woman. Their famous son, who changed his name to Greenwood Leflore became a Choctaw chief and a Mississippi State Senator. For him are named the city of Greenwood a county of Leflore. — Map (db m87485) HM
Mississippi (Choctaw County), Mathiston — Pigeon Roost
Pigeon Roost Creek, to your left, is a reminder of the millions of migrating passenger pigeons that once roosted in trees in this area. The species has been completely destroyed.      One mile east where the Natchez Trace crossed the creek, Nathaniel Folsom of New England and his Choctaw wife had a trading post before 1790. Their son, David, later operated it and accommodated travelers. When the Reverend Thomas Nixon stopped there in 1815, David’s wife “prepared suitable nourishment ... . . . — Map (db m87484) HM
Mississippi (Choctaw County), Mathiston — The Old Natchez Trace
In the early 1800's many thoughtful Americans believed that isolation and the difficulties of communication would force the Mississippi Valley settlements to form a separate nation. Hoping to hold the frontier, Congress in 1800 established a post route from Nashville to Natchez.      The Trace, then a series of Indian trails, had drawn from the Secretary of State the bitter comment, “The passage of mail from Natchez is as tedious as from Europe when westerly winds prevail.” To . . . — Map (db m87483) HM
Mississippi (Claiborne County), Port Gibson — Battle of Port Gibson
On May 1, 1863, Confederate forces under Brig. Gen. John Bowen clashed with elements of two Union corps commanded by Maj. Gen. U.S. Grant. The battle began around midnight near the Shaifer House four miles west of town. At dawn, the Federals advanced against the flanks of Bowen’s line posted on the Rodney and Bruinsburg roads, but separated by deep ravines. Forced back two miles, Bowen was finally compelled by overwhelming numbers to withdraw after 5 p.m. Two months later, Vicksburg surrendered. — Map (db m35542) HM
Mississippi (Claiborne County), Port Gibson — Bayou Pierre Presbyterian Church
Following the arrival of Presbyterian missionaries in 1801, Joseph Bullen and James Smylie organized the Bayou Pierre Church at this site in 1807. After part of the congregation formed the Bethel Church southwest of here in 1824, the remaining members moved to Port Gibson. The church was renamed First Presbyterian Church of Port Gibson in 1828. During the Battle of Port Gibson, fought on May 1, 1863, the 20th Alabama Infantry was posted here, anchoring the right flank of Confederate Brig. General Edward D. Tracy's Brigade. — Map (db m70394) HM
Mississippi (Claiborne County), Port Gibson — Grindstone Ford
This ford marked the beginning of the wilderness of the Choctaw nation and the end of the old Natchez District. Nearby Fort Deposit was a supply depot for troops clearing the Trace in 1801-02, and troops were assembled here during the Burr conspiracy allegedly to separate the Western States from the Union. The site takes its name from a nearby water mill. The trail to your left takes you to the Old Trace and Grindstone Ford. — Map (db m61981) HM
Mississippi (Claiborne County), Port Gibson — Mangum Mound
Excavation of this site tells us much about the people of the late prehistoric periods. The Plaquemine culture included the ancestors of the modern tribes of Mississippi and Louisiana. It was a society with elaborate agriculturally oriented religious ceremonies. From the burials on the mound we have learned that there was a high infant mortality and that upon the death of a chief, a brutal ritual was enacted in which his retainers were slain and buried with him. — Map (db m87325) HM
Mississippi (Claiborne County), Port Gibson — Owens Creek
The sounds of a busy woodland stream and the quiet murmur of a lazy waterfall have long been stilled here. Only after a heavy rainfall does water fill the stream and set the waterfall singing.      Over the years the water table has dropped several feet, and the spring which feeds Owens Creek has all but disappeared.      Little remains of a scene once familiar to early residents of the Rocky Springs community. — Map (db m87327)
Mississippi (Claiborne County), Port Gibson — Rabbit Foot Minstrels — Mississippi Blues Trail
[front:] Rabbit Foot Minstrels. During the first half of the 20th century, the African American Rabbit Foot Minstrels entertainers played a major role in spreading the blues via tours across the South. Founded in 1900, the “Foots” were headquartered in Port Gibson between 1918 and 1950 under owner F.S. Wolcott. Notable members included Gertrude “Ma” Rainey, Ida Cox, Louis Jordan, and Rufus Thomas. [logo:] Mississippi Blues Commission, est. 2003. . . . — Map (db m35545) HM
Mississippi (Claiborne County), Port Gibson — Sunken Trace
Preserved here is a portion of the deeply eroded or “sunken” Old Trace. Hardships of journeying on the Old Trace included heat, mosquitoes, poor food, hard beds (if any), disease, swollen rivers, and sucking swamps.      Take 5 minutes to walk this sunken trail and let your imagination carry you back to the early 1800's when people walking 500 miles had to put up with these discomforts and where a broken leg or arm could spell death for the lone traveler. — Map (db m87313) HM
Mississippi (Claiborne County), Port Gibson — Windsor Ruins
Smith Coffee Daniell II, a successful cotton planter, completed construction of Windsor in 1861. Daniell owned 21,000 acres of plantation land in Louisiana and Mississippi. Ironically, he died in April 1861, only weeks after completing his mansion. His wife and children continued to live at Windsor but were left to suffer the loss of much of the family's holdings during the Civil War. Windsor's basic style was Greek Revival but with added details borrowed from Italianate and Gothic . . . — Map (db m70541) HM
Mississippi (Claiborne County), Utica — Federals Occupy Rocky Springs
After U.S. Grant had planned much of his campaign at Mrs. Bagnell’s, four miles west, he arrived at Rocky Springs on May 7. He remained until May 10, allowing the XV Corps to cross the Mississippi and rejoin the army. McClernand’s XIII Corps arrived here on May 6 and moved to Little Sand Creek, one and a half miles northeast and Big Sand Creek, three miles northeast, on May 7. Grant issued motivational orders to his troops at Rocky Springs and reviewed McClernand’s men at Big Sand Creek on May 8. — Map (db m87358) HM
Mississippi (Claiborne County), Utica — The Old Natchez Trace
This is the Natchez Trace. For many years it served man well, but as with many things when its usefulness passed, it was abandoned. Over the years, this time-worn path has been a silent witness to honor and dishonor. It bears the prints of countless men. Walk down the shaded trail – leave your prints in the dust, not for others to see, but for the road to remember. — Map (db m87357) HM
Mississippi (Claiborne County), Utica — The Town of Rocky Springs
At the end of this trail is evidence of a once thriving rural community. First settled in the late 1790's, the town grew from a watering place along the Natchez Trace, and took its name from the source of that water -- the Rocky Spring. In 1860, a total of 2,616 people lived in this area covering about 25 square miles. The population of the town proper included 3 merchants, 4 physicians, 4 teachers, 3 clergy and 13 artisans; while the surrounding farming community included 54 planters, 28 . . . — Map (db m80147) HM
Mississippi (Clarke County), Enterprise — Enterprise
Center of early trade on Chickasawhay River with Gulf Coast. Served during Civil War as location of hospital and prison camp and temporary refuge of the State Government. — Map (db m84213) HM
Mississippi (Clarke County), Quitman — Clarke County Confederate Soldiers Monument
To the Confederate Soldiers Though Your Ranks Now Fast are Melting and the Stars and Bars are Furled, Yet the South Will Live Forever In the Glory Of Your World. Clarke County’s Tribute to The Noble Men Who Marched Neath the Flag Of the Stars And Bars and Were Faithful To the End. — Map (db m84239) WM
Mississippi (Clarke County), Quitman — Clarke County War Memorial
Lest We Forget Dedicated To the Memory Of All Persons Of Clarke County, Mississippi Who Gave Their Lives In the Service Of Our Country World War I Army Bartee, George A. PVT • Boutwell, Lewis L. PVT • Butler, Brist H. PVT • Goodman, William C. PVT • Graham, Ira W. PVT • Harger, Linton L. PVT • Hayes, Will PVT • Kennedy, William S. PVT • Lawson, Erma W. PVT • Long, Willis PVT • McKenney, James E. PVT • Mixon, Thomas J. PVT • Nichols, Robert L. PVT • Patrick, . . . — Map (db m84241) HM
Mississippi (Clay County), West Point — Howlin WolfMississippi Blues Trail
One of the giants of post-World War II Chicago blues, Chester Arthur Burnett, aka “Howlin’ Wolf,” was born in White Station, just north of West Point, on June 10, 1910. In his early teens Burnett began performing in the Delta and was later a pioneer in electrifying the Delta blues. After moving north, Burnett nonetheless remained a strong presence on the Mississippi blues scene by returning home often for visits and performances. (Back): An imposing figure both . . . — Map (db m50299) HM
Mississippi (Clay County), West Point — Waverley
E. 10 mi. Plantation home built c. 1852 by Geo. H. Young. Octagonal cupola. Gen. N.B. Forrest visited here during the Civil War. National Fox Hunters Assn. organized here. — Map (db m50160) HM
Mississippi (Clay County), West Point — Waverley
W. 5 mi. Built in 1852 by Col. Geo. H. Young, who used own plant for gas lighting. In Civil War housed refugee girls from Memphis & New Orleans. Site of organization of National Fox Hunters Association. — Map (db m51202) HM
Mississippi (Clay County), West Point — West Point
County seat of Clay ( formerly Colfax ) County. Chartered November 20, 1858, one year after the arrival of the Mobile and Ohio Railroad. — Map (db m50298) HM
Mississippi (Coahoma County), Clarksdale — 16 — Aaron Henry — Mississippi Freedom Trail
Front Aaron Henry, (1922-1977), Clarksdale pharmacist, was a major early grassroots activist in the civil rights movement. As local NAACP president, he led the early 1960s Clarksdale boycott campaign, during which he was arrested and his home and pharmacy were firebombed. At the 1964 National Democratic Convention, he headed the Mississippi Freedom Democratic Party delegation, challenging the seating of the all-white delegation. Later, as a Mississippi legislator, he worked to . . . — Map (db m90064) HM
Mississippi (Coahoma County), Clarksdale — 180 — Big Jack Johnson
Front The Clarksdale area is famed for its many legendary blues artists who achieved their greatest success after moving away, such as Muddy Waters, Ike Turner, and John Lee Hooker. But there were world-renowned musicians who remained lifelong local residents, and foremost among these was Big Jack Johnson (1940-2011), one of the most creative guitarists and lyricists in the blues. When not on tour Johnson considered Red's Blues Club at this site his home base. Rear . . . — Map (db m90061) HM
Mississippi (Coahoma County), Clarksdale — Carnegie Public Library
In 1909 steel magnate Andrew Carnegie was contacted by local women's club member Liliian Waddell about sponsoring a public library. In 1911 the Carnegie Foundation gave $10,000 to the city of Clarksdale to build and equip a public library, with the provision that the city purchase the land and sustain it with annual funding. Construction began in 1913, and the Jacobethan/Gothic Revival-style building opened on April 14, 1914. The "Book Wagon," Coahoma County's first bookmobile, began here in 1923. — Map (db m89927) HM
Mississippi (Coahoma County), Clarksdale — Clarksdale
County seat of Coahoma County, was founded in 1869 by John Clark, for whom the town was named. Situated in one of the most fertile regions of the world, it has grown into one of the leading cities of the Yazoo Mississippi Delta. It has a just pride in its library, its schools, and its churches, and is an important market for long staple cotton. — Map (db m89749) HM
Mississippi (Coahoma County), Clarksdale — Clarksdale
Founded 1868 at crossing of Indian trails and on possible route of De Soto's expedition. Chartered 1882. Coahoma co-county seat, 1892; sole seat since 1936. Home of Gov. Earl Leroy Brewer. — Map (db m89925) HM
Mississippi (Coahoma County), Clarksdale — 170 — Delta Blues Museum
Front The Delta Blues Museum, the world's first museum devoted to blues, was founded on January 31, 1979, by Sid Graves, director of Clarksdale's Carnegie Public Library. Originally housed in a room of the Myrtle Hall Elementary School, the museum moved to the library in 1981 and to this location, a former railroad depot, in 1999. Exhibits here have paid long overdue tribute to the history of the blues, while the museum's education program has trained many young musicians to carry . . . — Map (db m90046) HM
Mississippi (Coahoma County), Clarksdale — Dr. Aaron Henry
Born near Clarksdale, Aaron Henry was an American civil rights leader, politician, and head of the Mississippi branch of the NAACP. He was one of the founders of the Mississippi Freedom Democratic Party, which tried to seat their delegation at the 1964 Democratic National Convention. As a leader of the NAACP, Henry participated in virtually every aspect of the struggle for equality in Mississippi. While serving as a voice of moderation and an advocate of racial . . . — Map (db m90389) HM
Mississippi (Coahoma County), Clarksdale — First Baptist M.B. Church
In the late 1880s a group of African Americans established the Macedonia Missionary Baptist Church near the Sunflower River, under the leadership of their first pastor Minister A. O. Gaston. The church would be moved to this location in 1918, changing its name to First Baptist Missionary Baptist Church in 1927. Serving as a social, educational and cultural hub for the community, First Baptist housed a number of civil rights meetings and organizations in the summer of 1964. — Map (db m90063) HM
Mississippi (Coahoma County), Clarksdale — Harvey B. Heidelberg
Harvey Brown Heidelberg was born in Shubuta, Mississippi, on March 7, 1883. Educated in the Shubuta school system and at Southern University in Greensboro, Alabama, Millsaps College in Jackson, and the University of Michigan, he began his career in education in Yazoo City. He became the superintendent of Clarksdale Public School System in 1905. By the end of Heidelberg's tenure, in 1955, Clarksdale was one of the most highly regarded public school systems in Mississippi. — Map (db m89928) HM
Mississippi (Coahoma County), Clarksdale — 111 — Ike Turner
Front Rock ‘n’ roll and rhythm & blues pioneer Ike Turner began his career playing blues and boogie woogie piano in Clarksdale. Turner was born less than a mile south-west of this site, at 304 Washington Avenue in the Riverton neighborhood, on November 5, 1931. In his pre-teen years he got a job here at the Hotel Alcazar, where he operated the elevator and did janitorial work. Turner later rose to fame as a deejay, producer, and leader of the Kings of Rhythm band and the Ike & . . . — Map (db m90041) HM
Mississippi (Coahoma County), Clarksdale — J.W. Cutrer House
Built in 1916, this Italian style villa was designed by Memphis architect Bayard Cairnes and was the home of local attorney J.W. Cutrer and his wife Blanche Clark Cutrer, daughter of Clarksdale founder John Clark. Named Belvoir by the Cutrer family, it is known locally as the Cutrer Mansion. The Cutrers and their home inspired character names and settings in several works by celebrated playwright Tennessee Williams. The J.W. Cutrer House was designated a Mississippi Landmark in 2005. — Map (db m89922) HM
Mississippi (Coahoma County), Clarksdale — 4 — Riverside Hotel
Front Since 1944 the Riverside Hotel has provided lodging for traveling musicians. It was home to some, including Sonny Boy Williamson II, Ike Turner, and Robert Nighthawk. Before that, the building served African Americans of the Delta as the G.T. Thomas Hospital. Blues singer Bessie Smith died here in 1937 from injuries sustained in a car accident while traveling to Clarksdale for a performance. Rear On the morning of September 26, 1937, Bessie Smith, "the . . . — Map (db m90062) HM
Mississippi (Coahoma County), Clarksdale — 81 — Sam Cooke
Front The golden voice of Sam Cooke thrilled and enchanted millions of listeners on the hit recordings “You Send Me,” “Shake,” “A Change is Gonna Come,” “Chain Gang,” and many more. Cooke’s captivating blend of gospel, blues, pop, and rhythm & blues made him a pioneer of the genre that became known as soul music in the 1960s. Cooke was born in Clarksdale on January 22, 1931. His family resided at 2303 7th Street until they moved to . . . — Map (db m90050) HM
Mississippi (Coahoma County), Clarksdale — 157 — Sunflower River Blues & Gospel Festival
Front The Sunflower River Blues & Gospel Festival, a preeminent showcase for homegrown Mississippi talent, began in 1988 as a promotion to draw area shoppers to downtown Clarksdale. The festival's dedication to presenting authentic blues soon made it a renowned attraction for blues enthusiasts from around the world, as local favorites began sharing the stage with an international cast of guest stars. Rear The Sunflower River Blues & Gospel Festival, a preeminent . . . — Map (db m90047) HM
Mississippi (Coahoma County), Clarksdale — Temple Beth Israel
Originally named Kehilath Jacob, Clarksdale’s first synagogue was built here in 1910. In celebration of the new temple, a Torah was shipped from New York City and carried to the temple by members of the congregation. In 1929, a larger temple was constructed on Catalpa Street. Beth Israel’s first Rabbi was Aaron Freyman. — Map (db m89923) HM
Mississippi (Coahoma County), Clarksdale — 137 — The New World
Front This neighborhood, known since the turn of the twentieth century as the New World, was a breeding ground for ragtime, blues, and jazz music in Clarksdale's early days as a prosperous and adventurous new cotton town, when brothels here attracted both white and black clientele. Jews, Italians, Chinese, Syrians, and Greeks owned various local businesses, as did some African Americans who lived here, including the Messenger family, which opened its first business on this block . . . — Map (db m90060) HM
Mississippi (Coahoma County), Clarksdale — W. C. Handy — 1873 - 1958
"Father of the Blues" composer and family lived at this site 1903-05. In Clarksdale Handy was influenced by Delta blues which he collected and later published as well as his own famous and influential music. — Map (db m89929) HM
Mississippi (Coahoma County), Clarksdale — 126 — Wade Walton
Front One of Clarksdale's most talented and renowned blues musicians, Wade Walton (1923-2000) chose to pursue a career as a barber rather than as a professional entertainer. Walton never lost his love for blues, however, and often performed for customers and tourists at his barbershops, including the one he operated at this site from 1990 to 1999. Walton, a popular and respected local figure and a charter member of the city's NAACP chapter, was inducted into the Clarksdale Hall of . . . — Map (db m90049) HM
Mississippi (Coahoma County), Clarksdale — 105 — WROX Radio
Front WROX, Clarksdale’s first radio station, went on the air on June 5, 1944, from studios at 321 Delta Avenue. From 1945 until 1955 the station was headquartered here at 257 Delta. Legendary disc jockey Early “Soul Man” Wright became the top personality in local broadcasting after joining the WROX staff. Among the notable blues artists who hosted programs or performed on the air at this site were Ike Turner, Robert Nighthawk, Sonny Boy Williamson No. 2, Raymond Hill, . . . — Map (db m90033) HM
Mississippi (Coahoma County), Hopson — Cotton Pickin' Blues
Front One of the major factors behind the “great migration” of African Americans from the South to northern cities was the mechanization of agriculture, which diminished the need for manual laborers. In 1944 the Hopson Planting Company produced the first crop of cotton to be entirely planted, harvested, and baled by machine. Blues pianist Joe Willie “Pinetop” Perkins was a tractor driver here at the time. He later played in the band of Muddy Waters and . . . — Map (db m90029) HM
Mississippi (Coahoma County), Hopson — Hopson PlantationEstablished 1852
On this site in 1944, the Hopson Planting Co. and International Harvester, revolutionized modern cotton farming by introducing the first commercially produced mechanical cotton picker. — Map (db m89921) HM
Mississippi (Copiah County), Crystal Springs — Bus-Train Collision of 1942
On August 5, 1942, a southbound train collided with a westbound bus, killing fifteen bus passengers and injuring many more. The Greyhound bus, traveling from New Orleans to Jackson, stopped at the east side of the Marion Avenue railroad crossing to await the passing of a northbound freight train. As the last train car passed, the bus crossed the tracks and was struck in the rear by an unseen southbound troop train. Of the fifty-two bus passengers, twenty-six were U.S. Army Air Corps cadets. — Map (db m50894) HM
Mississippi (Copiah County), Crystal Springs — Tommy JohnsonMississippi Blues Trail Marker
Tommy Johnson (1896-1956) was one of the most influential blues artists in Mississippi in the 1920s and 1930s. He grew up in the Crystal Springs area, where he often performed with his brothers LeDell and Mager. His original songs, which were widely covered by others, included “Canned Heat Blues,” “Big Road Blues,” and “Cool Drink of Water Blues.” He is buried in the Warm Springs Methodist Church cemetery north of town. (Back): Tommy Johnson was a . . . — Map (db m50895) HM
Mississippi (Copiah County), Hazelhurst — Hazelhurst
Named for chief engineer of first Jackson - New Orleans railway. Last spike driven here on March 31, 1858. Town was raided by Grierson in 1863. Shipping point for cattle, truck crops, and lumber. — Map (db m50893) HM
Mississippi (Copiah County), Hazelhurst — Mrs. Annie Coleman Peyton(1852 - 1894)
Mississippi State College for Women, first state-supported college for women in the U.S. was founded in 1884 through the efforts of Mrs Peyton, a citizen of Hazelhurst. — Map (db m50892) HM
Mississippi (Copiah County), Hazelhurst — Robert Johnson Birthplace
Robert Johnson born Hazelhurst, Mississippi May 8, 1911 Copiah County Map (db m50874) HM
Mississippi (Copiah County), Hazlehurst — Robert Johnson
Front The legendary bluesman Robert Johnson was born on the northern outskirts of Hazlehurst to Julia Major and Noah Johnson, on May 8, 1911 (or possibly 1912). Johnson lived in Tunica County and in Memphis as a child, but in the early 1930s he returned for a stay in the Hazlehurst area, where he honed his skills playing with local blues guitarist Ike Zinnerman. Back Robert Johnson whose body of twenty-nine recordings from 1936-37 is widely regarded as an artistic . . . — Map (db m81864) HM
Mississippi (Forrest County), Brooklyn — Forrest County Agricultural High School
Created in 1911 by an act of the Mississippi Legislature, as an agricultural boarding school. Set on 320 acres of donated land. Students from across the United States, Mississippi and several foreign countries have been educated here. In 1996 FCAHS was listed as a Mississippi Landmark. — Map (db m50077) HM
Mississippi (Forrest County), Camp Shelby — 2127 — Camp Shelby
Following activation for service in both WWI and WWII, Ky. Guard units, as part of the 38th Inf. Div. were sent to Camp Shelby for training in preparation for war. Ky. National Guard units trained at Camp Shelby during WWI and WWII: 75th Brig.; 149th Inf. Reg.; 63rd Fld. Arty. Brig.; 1st and 2nd Battalion, 138th Fld. Arty. Presented by Ky. Dept. of Military Affairs Map (db m71589) HM
Mississippi (Forrest County), Dixie — Dixie School Log Cabin
Citizens of the Dixie community built this structure 1/4 mile southeast of this site in the 1930s to serve as a cafeteria during the Depression era. The log cabin has also served as a meeting place, music hall and classroom. In 2003 the cabin was relocated to this site. Sponsor-M.A.R.C.L. Chapter 2583 U.D.C. — Map (db m56534) HM
Mississippi (Forrest County), Hattiesburg — Forrest County Confederate Monument
[Northeast Inscription]: C.S.A. To the Men and Women of the Confederacy 1861-1865 [Southwest Inscription]: When their county called they held back nothing. They cheerfully gave their property and their lives. Through the devotion and untiring efforts of the Hattiesburg Chapter No. 422 of the United Daughters of the Confederacy, this monument is erected to the honor and memory of those who wore the gray. — Map (db m39867) HM
Mississippi (Forrest County), Hattiesburg — HattiesburgThe Hub City — Centennial of Hattiesburg
[West Side] Formerly Choctaw Territory and later claimed by France, Britain, Spain and United States, this area entered by settlers in early 1800s and known as Ewin Forks, later Gordonville. Chosen as rail center by Captain William H. Hardy in 1880 and later renamed Hattiesburg after his wife, Hattie Lott. Incorporated in 1884, the city grew as rail, timber and mercantile hub of south Mississippi, becoming major center of yellow pine industry and by 1911, state's fourth largest . . . — Map (db m58885) HM
Mississippi (Forrest County), Hattiesburg — Hub City Lodge No 627
Free and Accepted Masons Commemorates 96 Years of Masonry in Hattiesburg 1886 - 1982 and 100th Anniversary of Hattiesburg, Miss Faith - Hope - Charity July 16, 1982 Organized 1959 Chartered 1960 — Map (db m39897) HM
Mississippi (Forrest County), Hattiesburg — McLeod House
This Property has been placed on the National Register of Historic Places by the United States Department of the Interior McLeod House 1897 — Map (db m39904) HM
Mississippi (Forrest County), Hattiesburg — Old Federal Building
[Right Plaque]: This Building, the Old Federal Building has been listed on the National Register of Historic Places by the U.S. Department of Interior September 1973 • • • Supervised by architect James Knox Taylor, this first federal building in Hattiesburg was completed in 1910 as the U.S. Post Office, and served as such until 1932 when the present Post Office, across Pine Street, was completed. The building was remodeled in 1939 to serve the Hattiesburg . . . — Map (db m44961) HM
Mississippi (Forrest County), Hattiesburg — Old Hattiesburg High School
Under the direction of Principal J.T. Wallace, this building was Hattiesburg's High School from 1922 to 1959. Built in 1911, the structure acquired its present form when enlarged and remodeled in 1921 to the designs of Robert E. Lee, the city's most prominent architect of the early twentieth century. — Map (db m39906) HM
Mississippi (Forrest County), Hattiesburg — Veterans of All Wars Monument
Army Air Force Navy Marine For God and Country Allen B. Carter Post No. 24 and its Auxiliary Unit The American Legion, Hattiesburg, Miss. Dedicates This Monument to The Veterans of All Wars Living or Dead — Map (db m76704) HM
Mississippi (Forrest County), Hattiesburg — William Carey College
E. 1 mi. Founded 1906 as S. Miss. College. Operated by Bapt. as Miss. Woman's College 1911-40. Coeducational 1953. Name changed to honor William Carey, 18th century English missionary. — Map (db m39896) HM
Mississippi (Forrest County), Hattiesburg — William Harris Hardy
In 1880 near the banks of Gordon Creek, this lawyer, railroad builder and Confederate veteran selected the site for Hattiesburg. Incorporated in 1884, the town was named for Hardy's wife, Hattie Lott. — Map (db m40050) HM
Mississippi (Forrest County), Hattiesburg — William Harris Hardy1837 - 1917 — Lawyer Statesman Soldier
Builder of Railroads Pioneer in the Development of the Resources of South Mississippi Founder of the Cities of Hattiesburg and Gulfport A Dreamer Whose dreams Came True — Map (db m76705) HM
Mississippi (Forrest County), Maxie — Old West Florida
Area to south, originally part of French Louisiana, became West Florida under England and Spain. After West Florida Revolution annexed by U. S. and in 1812 was added to the Mississippi Territory. — Map (db m39002) HM
Mississippi (George County), Lucedale — "Ornamental Nursery Capital of Mississippi"
In 1898, E.E. Bolen established a nursery and orchard company in George County. Other wholesale nurseries were established in the early 1900s. The production of ornamental plants, trees and shrubs has since become a thriving commercial industry in the area. — Map (db m56545) HM
Mississippi (Grenada County), Elliott — 94th Infantry Division
First U.S. Army Division to achieve "Expert Infantry" recognition while training here at Camp McCain November, 1943 to July, 1944. Distinguished World War II Service in European Theater Campaigns: Northern France • Ardennes-Alsace Rhineland • Central Europe — Map (db m89898) HM
Mississippi (Grenada County), Elliott — Camp McCain
Established 1942 as a training facility for the United States Army during the Second World War and used until 1946. Named for Carroll Co. Miss. native, Major-General Henry Pinckney McCain (1861-1941). — Map (db m89901) HM
Mississippi (Grenada County), Grenada — Confederate Fort
Main defensive position on Yalobusha River line held by Gen. Pemberton in fall of 1862 to repel Gen. Grant, whose army of 25,000 was moving to attack Vicksburg. — Map (db m89894) HM
Mississippi (Grenada County), Grenada — Grenada Blues
Front Grenada County-bred blues has long been an influential force in popular music. Musicians whose talents were nurtured in the Grenada area have included St. Louis bluesmen Walter Davis, a major blues recording artist of the 1930s, and Big George Brock, a world-renowned singer-harmonica player; Chicago blues guitar masters Magic Sam (Maghett) and Magic Slim (Holt); and Eddie Willis, a premier session musician whose guitar playing infused the Motown sound of Detroit with a taste . . . — Map (db m90022) HM
Mississippi (Grenada County), Grenada — Grenada County Confederate Monument1861 - 1865
Front To the noble men who marched neath the flag of the Stars and Bars, and were faithful to the end. Glorious in life, death sublime. Back Jefferson Davis, June 3, 1808, Dec. 6, 1889. The only President of the Confederacy 1861 — 1865 Soldier, Statesman, Patriot. Side Grenada County's tribute to her Confederate Soldiers and Sailors. 1861–1865 Side To the noble . . . — Map (db m90264) WM
Mississippi (Grenada County), Grenada — J. Augustine Signaigo
J. Augustine Signaigo, born in 1835 in Italy, founded the Grenada Sentinel in 1854. A poet, he wrote the libretto of a hit Civil War operetta, "The Vivandiere." He served as president of the Mississippi Press Association in 1869. He died in 1876 and is buried beside his wife and child in Grenada's Yellow Fever Cemetery. — Map (db m89888) HM
Mississippi (Grenada County), Grenada — J. Augustine Signaigo
J. Augustine Signaigo, born in 1835 in Italy, founded the Grenada Sentinel in 1854. A poet, he wrote the libretto of a hit Civil War operetta, "The Vivandiere." He served as president of the Mississippi Press Association in 1869. He died in 1876 and is buried beside his wife and child in Grenada's Yellow Fever Cemetery. — Map (db m89891) HM
Mississippi (Grenada County), Grenada — 134 — Magic Slim
Front Morris "Magic Slim" Holt, who developed a raw, hard-hitting guitar style that made him a favorite on the international blues club and festival circuit from the late 1970s well into the twenty-first century, was born in Torrance on August 7, 1937. His Chicago-based band, the Teardrops, at one time included his brothers Nick Holt on bass and Douglas "Lee Baby" Holt on drums. Holt's stage name was taken from a childhood friend from Grenada, Blues Hall of Fame guitarist Magic . . . — Map (db m90020) HM
Mississippi (Hancock County), Bay St. Louis — 132 — 100 Men D.B.A. Hall
Front The 100 Men D.B.A. Hall, a longtime center of African American social life and entertainment, was built in 1922 by the One Hundred Members’ Debating Benevolent Association. Over the years the association sponsored many events and also rented the hall to promoters who brought in blues, rhythm & blues, and jazz acts. Local residents have recalled performances by Etta James, Big Joe Turner, Guitar Slim, Irma Thomas, Professor Longhair, Ernie K-Doe, Deacon John, Earl King, and . . . — Map (db m80992) HM
Mississippi (Hancock County), Bay St. Louis — Naval Battle of Bay St. Louis
On Dec. 14, 1814, five U.S. gunboats fired on a British fleet entering Lake Borgne. Their action was the last naval defense of the U.S. before the victory of General Andrew Jackson at New Orleans. — Map (db m78939) HM
Mississippi (Hancock County), Bay St. Louis — Publius Rutilius Rufus Pray
Born in Maine, 1793, Hancock Co. judge. Served in Miss. House of Representatives, 1827 - 29. Pres. of St. Const. Conven., 1832. Elected judge of High Court of Errors and Appeals, 1837. Died 1840. — Map (db m80400) HM
Mississippi (Hancock County), Bay St. Louis — St. Augustine’s Seminary
Founded 1920 in Greenville, Miss., by Divine Word Missionaries. Moved to Bay St. Louis, 1923. Oldest existing Catholic seminary in Miss. for training of young men as missionary brothers & priests. — Map (db m81044) HM
Mississippi (Hancock County), Gainesville — Gainesville Volunteers
In 1860, John Deason, a Mexican War Veteran, organized a militia company here. The "Gainesville Volunteers" entered Confederate service in 1861 as Co. G. of the Third Mississippi Infantry. During the Civil War the unit served in the Gulf Coast region and fought in the Vicksburg, Atlanta, Middle Tennessee,and Carolina campaigns. — Map (db m8755) HM
Mississippi (Hancock County), Waveland — Brown's Vineyard
Located at this site, Brown's Vineyard, established 1874, was a popular resort during the late 19th and early 20th centuries. The wine, produced on site from scuppernong grapes, was marketed and sold across the United States. The vineyard, which also provided entertainment, was forced to close in 1920 due to Prohibition. — Map (db m49061) HM
Mississippi (Harrison County), Biloxi — Beauvoir
Built 1852-4. Last home of Jefferson Davis, U.S. Senator, Congressman, Secretary of War, and only President of Confederacy. Beauvoir served as a Confederate Veterans' home from 1903 until 1956. — Map (db m92604) HM
Mississippi (Harrison County), Biloxi — Biloxi
Founded by the French as "New Biloxi." Capital of French colony of Louisiana, 1721-1722, prior to French removal to New Orleans. Incorporated as a town in 1850 by the Mississippi Legislature. — Map (db m68449) HM
Mississippi (Harrison County), Biloxi — 108 — Biloxi Blues
Front The Mississippi coast, long a destination for pleasure seekers, tourists, and gamblers, as well as maritime workers and armed services personnel, developed a flourishing nightlife during the segregation era. While most venues were reserved for whites, this stretch of Main Street catered to the African American trade, and especially during the boom years during and after World War II, dozens of clubs and cafés here rocked to the sounds of blues, jazz, and rhythm & blues. . . . — Map (db m90623) HM
Mississippi (Harrison County), Biloxi — Biloxi Lighthouse
Since its construction in 1848, this cast iron lighthouse has been the landmark for which Biloxi-bound vessels sail. Tended by the Younghans family, father, mother and daughter, from late 1866 until 1929. — Map (db m22778) HM
Mississippi (Harrison County), Biloxi — Birthplace of Barq's
Barq's root beer was created by Edward C. Barq, Sr. in 1898 and produced on this site until 1936, when the operation moved to Lameuse Street. A Mississippi Gulf Coast favorite, the number of franchise bottlers grew to over two hundred by 1950. Acquired by The Coca-Cola Company in 1995. — Map (db m68425) HM
Mississippi (Harrison County), Biloxi — Brielmaier House
This house was built in 1895 for Mrs. Henry Graves and soon sold to her brother, Paul W. Brielmaier. A skilled carpenter who was superintendent and later owner of a local millwork company. Brielmaier may have constructed the house as a showcase for the Victorian ornament produced by his company. Originally located at 436 Main Street, the Brielmaier House was moved in the 1980s for use as Biloxi's tourist information center and destroyed in 2005 by Hurricane Katrina's tidal surge. — Map (db m91144) HM
Mississippi (Harrison County), Biloxi — Cathedral of the Nativity (B.V.M.)
Parent Catholic Parish on the Mississippi Gulf Coast, continuing missions dating back to French Colonial era. First church on this site dedicated 1844. Rebuilt after fire in 1900. Dedicated Cathedral for Diocese of Biloxi 1977. Restored in 1989 after damage by major hurricanes over a twenty-year period. — Map (db m22980) HM
Mississippi (Harrison County), Biloxi — 21 — Chris LeDoux
(front) Born in Biloxi, Chris LeDoux (1948-2005), the Singing Bronc Rider, pursued dreams of success as both a competitive rodeo cowboy and latter day Western singing star and achieved both. The 1976 World Champion Bareback Bronc Rider released modern and traditional cowboy song records for his rodeo fans from 1973-1991. When Garth Brooks, a fan of LeDoux’s exuberant live performing style mentioned him in a 1989 hit, LeDoux became a major label star on Capitol Records himself. . . . — Map (db m79086) HM
Mississippi (Harrison County), Biloxi — City of Biloxi, MississippiHigh Water Mark — Visitors Center, 1050 Beach Boulevard
This plaque is dedicated to bring awareness to the surge and high water levels from Hurricane Katrina and Hurricane Camille. Both storms brought about great devastation and loss of life to the Mississippi Gulf Coast. Hurricane Katrina made landfall on the Gulf coast on August 29, 2005 at 10:00 am. The storm surge level at this location was 22 feet above mean sea level, with reported waves reaching 34.1 feet. There was approximately 125 billion dollars of damage to the coast, leaving 236 people . . . — Map (db m91142) HM
Mississippi (Harrison County), Biloxi — Civil Rights Wade-Ins
On May 14, 1959, April 24, 1960, and June 23, 1963, the Biloxi beach front was the site of planned civil rights wade-ins demanding equal access to the public beach. On April 24, 1960, several citizens, both black and white, were injured and arrested, including the leader of the wade-ins, physician Dr. Gilbert R. Mason Sr. This series of protests gave birth to the Biloxi branch of the NAACP, major voter registration drives in 1960, and a 1968 federal court ruling opening the beach to all citizens. — Map (db m68460) HM
Mississippi (Harrison County), Biloxi — Debuys-Hermann-Keller House
The Greek Revival mansion once located here was a "raised cottage" (meaning it was composed of a frame upper story set upon an above-ground brick basement to protect the wooden portion from moisture and insects.) Probably built ca. 1850 for Peter Debuys, a French planter. It was acquired in 1851 by New Orleans cotton broker L.F. Hermann and in 1871 by John Henry Keller. A New Orleans manufacturer and philanthropist, Keller organized the Seashore Assembly in Biloxi. The house was lost in Hurricane Katrina in 2005. — Map (db m68423) HM
Mississippi (Harrison County), Biloxi — Historic Downtown Biloxi
The development of downtown Biloxi is a direct reflection of the economic growth of the city. During early and mid-19th century homes on small lots and hotels occupied the area. Attracted by the population density, merchants began to establish businesses along what was then the Pass Christian-Point Cadet Road, later called Howard Avenue, and Lameuse Street, concentrating near the beach and its incoming waterborn trade. The advent of the railroad in 1870 shifted economic growth northward toward . . . — Map (db m91146) HM
Mississippi (Harrison County), Biloxi — Moran Site
Located here was a French Colonial cemetery, now known as the Moran Site. Based on archaeological investigations, the cemetery dates to the founding of "New Biloxy" between 1717 and 1722, and includes at least thirty burials, primarily male Europeans. Artifacts recovered from the site include ceramics, a French Colonial wine glass and a metal crucifix. The Moran Site is the oldest known French Colonial cemetery in the South and the second oldest in the United States. — Map (db m68448) HM
Mississippi (Harrison County), Biloxi — Old Brick House
Site granted by Spanish to Jean Baptiste Carquote in 1790. Residence in Civil War of Mayor John L. Henley, who led defense against Union fleet, Sept., 1861. Restoration by Biloxi Garden Clubs. — Map (db m42855) HM
Mississippi (Harrison County), Biloxi — Pierre LeMoyne Sieur d'Iberville1661-1706
Canada's first hero was sent by King Louis XIV to locate the mouth of the Mississippi River from the Gulf of Mexico. His landing on the Biloxi peninsula in 1699 began the colonization of the Mississippi Coast and the Louisiana Territory. This statue was created by artist Mary Ott Tremmel Davidson and presented to the City of Biloxi by the Biloxi Chamber of Commerce in 2000 to commemorate the city's 1999 Tricentennial. The statue was re-installed in 2013 with funds appropriated by the . . . — Map (db m91140) HM
Mississippi (Harrison County), Biloxi — Robinson-Maloney-Dantzler House
Originally a raised-cottage Greek Revival mansion similar to Beauvoir, the house located here was built ca. 1849 by J.G. Robinson, a wealthy English cotton planter. It was the center of an estate that included a ten-pin bowling alley, billiard hall, bath house, thoroughbred stables, kennels, gardens and a wharf for docking two prized yachts. About 1908 the Maloney family enlarged the house with a second story addition and two-tiered wrap-around porches in the Neo-Classical style. Destroyed by Hurricane Katrina in 2005. — Map (db m68456) HM
Mississippi (Harrison County), Biloxi — The Magnolia Hotel
Built by John Hohn in 1847. Its operation for a century attests to the Gulf Coast as a resort area. In 1972 structure moved to present location 100 yds. north of original site & restored by City of Biloxi. — Map (db m68447) HM
Mississippi (Harrison County), Biloxi — Tivoli Hotel
A six-story, blonde-brick structure with an arcaded gallery that wrapped its first story, the Italian Renaissance Revival-style Tivoli Hotel was one of Biloxi's early 20th century resorts, built in 1926-27 to designs by local architect Carl E. Matthes. The hotel was expanded in the 1950s and renamed the Tradewinds. The Tivoli was heavily damaged in 2005 when rammed by a block-long casino barge propelled by Hurricane Katrina's storm surge. It was later demolished. — Map (db m68464) HM
Mississippi (Harrison County), Biloxi — William Bartram Trail
William Bartram, noted naturalist and journalist, traveled down the Mississippi and along the Gulf Coast in 1777. His observations of plant life, geography and inhabitants were published in 1791. — Map (db m79087) HM
Mississippi (Harrison County), Biloxi — Woolmarket
S. 3 mi. Once center of wool industry. Here on July 16, 1910, three rural schools formed Woolmarket Vocational High School, considered to be the first consolidated high school in the state. — Map (db m20010) HM
Mississippi (Harrison County), Gulfport — Broadcasting the Blues
Front Blues radio took off in the post-World War II era with the arrival of rhythm & blues programming. A new era for blues radio began in 2000 when Rip Daniels, a Gulfport native, launched the American Blues Network (ABN) at this site. Using satellite and Internet technology, ABN provided a mix of modern and vintage blues to listeners around the world. Rear Radio emerged as the primary medium for the dissemination of music, advertisements, and news to the African . . . — Map (db m80988) HM
Mississippi (Harrison County), Gulfport — Gulf Coast College
Once located in the Handsboro Community, Gulf Coast College was founded in 1865 by Henry Leinhard as a private coeducational boarding school here on this site. In the early 1890's the college was converted into a public school. After the original building burned in 1911, classes were moved to a nearby two-story building until 1926. The students were then moved to Handsboro Elementary School, which was closed in 1973 and demolished in 1985. — Map (db m81008) HM
Mississippi (Harrison County), Gulfport — Gulf Coast Military Academy
This preparatory school for boys was founded in 1912. The senior division campus, closed in 1951, is now the site of the Armed Forces Retirement Home-Gulfport, formerly known as the United States Naval Home. The junior division campus, closed in 1976, was one quarter mile to the east. "Send us the boy and we will return the man." — Map (db m68452) HM
Mississippi (Harrison County), Gulfport — 184 — Gulfport Boogie
Front Gulfport was once home to an active blues and rhythm & blues scene, particularly here in the North Gulfport area. Jaimoe, famed drummer with the Allman Brothers Band, was raised in Gulfport, as was the band’s onetime bassist Lamar Williams, and both performed in many clubs along the coast during their early years. Blues Hall of Fame pianist Roosevelt Sykes once lived here, and other Gulfport residents have included pianist Cozy Corley, singer Albennie Jones, and guitarist . . . — Map (db m80990) HM
Mississippi (Harrison County), Gulfport — Gulfport Civil Rights Wade-In
Near this spot on April 17 and April 24, 1960, Gulfport NAACP president Dr. Felix Dunn and his family joined in peaceful "wade-in" demonstrations to challenge the laws denying African-Americans use of the beach. Gulfport police officers removed the protestors but filed no charges. In Biloxi, similar protests led to arrests and white mob violence. These protests prompted the first intervention of the Civil Rights Division of the U. S. Justice Department challenging Mississippi's segregationist laws and practices. — Map (db m68450) HM
Mississippi (Harrison County), Gulfport — Handsboro
N.1 mi. Founded c. 1800. Famed, 1840-1900, for foundries, sawmills & shipyard; Coast's first newspaper, "Democrat" (1846); and many fine academies. Here Jeff. Davis attended Polar Star Lodge, founded in 1852. — Map (db m81006) HM
Mississippi (Harrison County), Gulfport — Handsboro Presbyterian Church
Organized November 18, 1877, by the New Orleans Presbytery. The present church building was erected in 1891 on the site of the original building which was destroyed by fire in 1889. — Map (db m81007) HM
Mississippi (Harrison County), Gulfport — Kellier-Sternberg House
The Ionic-columned, neoclassical house that once stood here was originally built ca. 1900 by T.G.B. Kellier and was later owned by Edward Sternberg, southeastern claims and litigation manager for the Louisville & Nashville Railroad. In 1999, "The Chimneys" restaurant moved into the house from its former location at the Long Beach harbor. The house was destroyed by Hurricane Katrina in 2005. — Map (db m68459) HM
Mississippi (Harrison County), Gulfport — Memorialization of Jefferson Davis
On site of old Harrison County Court House where at age 80 he made this famed speech — To the — young men of Mississippi which stands out as this great American's crowning service to the United States through its far-reaching admonitions and this memorable closing appeal- "To lay aside all rancor all bitter sectional feeling and take your places in ranks of those who will bring about a consummation devoutly wished for - reunited country." — Map (db m81014) HM
Mississippi (Harrison County), Gulfport — Mississippi City Courthouse
Constructed in 1893 as part of the Harrison County Circuit Clerk's office, the "Old Courthouse," located here, was a two-story, red brick edifice. It was the last remaining structure associated with a complex of courthouse buildings in Mississippi City, which served as the county seat from 1841 until 1902, when the county seat was moved to Gulfport. The original building was destroyed during Hurricane Katrina in 2005, and the present replica was constructed in 2009. — Map (db m81011) HM
Mississippi (Harrison County), Gulfport — St. Mark's Episcopal Church
St. Mark's Episcopal Church, once located here, was organized as a mission parish in 1846. Originally a simple rectangular frame building with twin front doors. The church was altered and enlarged over the years and was moved from its original beachfront location in 1925 to face 16th Street. Jefferson Davis was once a member of St. Mark's. The church was badly damaged by Hurricane Camille in 1969 and destroyed by Katrina in 2005, after which the congregation relocated to the corner of Cowan and E. Taylor Roads. — Map (db m81009) HM
Mississippi (Harrison County), Gulfport — The Magnolia Route
On April 20, 1925, the Magnolia Route opened with a forty-hour, 1,000 mile endurance drive from Gulfport to Chicago. This route was designed to bring more commerce and tourism to Mississippi. — Map (db m80995) HM
Mississippi (Harrison County), Long Beach — Boggsdale
Thomas Hale Boggs (1914-1972). U.S. Congressman from La. for 28 years, was born in the family home built on this site in 1875. The son of Wm. & Claire Hale Boggs, Rep. Boggs served as House Majority Leader, 1971-72. — Map (db m80996) HM
Mississippi (Harrison County), Long Beach — City of Long Beach Centennial 1905-2005
Front First european settlers, Nicholas and Marianne Ladner, built a home in 1788 near Bear Point. Area first called "the chimneys" by coastal mariners after the landmark chimneys on the Ladner home. The village that developed in the 1800's was known as Rosalie, the name chosen by early settler J. J. McCaughan for his home. With the arrival of the railroad the area was named Scott's Station after George Scott who gave the land for the railroad station. On August 10, 1905, Governor . . . — Map (db m81052) HM
Mississippi (Harrison County), Long Beach — Early Bank and Post Office
Oldest commercial building on Jeff Davis Avenue. Built in 1924 by Hancock County Bank as its second branch. Located in Long Beach primarily to serve this area's growing truck farming industry. Because of the Great Depression, the branch was moved in 1933 to Gulfport. The city library located here for few months in 1939-1940. Southern Star Lodge No. 55 F. & A. M. purchased building in 1940. After renovations, Masons first met in this new upstairs hall February 7, 1941. Mrs Minnie Dubuisson, . . . — Map (db m81049) HM
Mississippi (Harrison County), Long Beach — Early Long Beach
In 1788, Nicholas and Marianne Ladner became the first Europeans to settle in this area. Their log house, know as "The Chimneys", was used as a navigation point for boats traveling from Mobile to New Orleans. After Nicholas's death, the Spanish granted the land to his widow. Much of modern Long Beach includes the Widow Ladner Claim. — Map (db m81001) HM
Mississippi (Harrison County), Long Beach — Early Long Beach
In 1788, Nicholas and Marianne Ladner became the first Europeans to settle in this area. Their log house, know as "The Chimneys," was used as a navigation point for boats traveling from Mobile to New Orleans. After Nicholas's death, the Spanish granted the land to his widow. Much of modern Long Beach includes the Widow Ladner Claim. — Map (db m81002) HM
Mississippi (Harrison County), Long Beach — Long Beach Schools
This site given by Harper McCaughan in 1885 for school purposes only. W. J. Quarles began teaching 11 children in his home on Railroad Street (1884-1886). One room wood-frame school erected 1886, enlarged 1887. First brick building built 1906. Principal and four teachers taught 10 grades. New Long Beach school built 1926. Twelve grades taught here 1926-1956. Long Beach School District organized 1927. Became Jeff Davis Elementary 1956-1976. Building demolished 1978. New Jeff Davis Elementary . . . — Map (db m81000) HM
Mississippi (Harrison County), Long Beach — St. Thomas the Apostle Catholic Church
St. Mary's Seminary of Perry County, Missouri, purchased land formerly owned by the Thomas family for a new church in 1904. The church was dedicated and staffed by Vincentian Priests in 1905. St. Thomas the Apostle was established as a parish on this site in 1915. An elementary school was built in 1923 and staffed by the Daughters of Charity. The original church building was destroyed in 1969 by Hurricane Camille. A new church was dedicated in 1972. The Diocese of Biloxi purchased the property . . . — Map (db m81005) HM
Mississippi (Harrison County), Long Beach — Truck Farming
Arrival of L&N Railroad in 1880's made possible Long Beach's development as a truck farming center. James Thomas and W. J. Quarles in 1884 began truck farm industry by raising and shipping green beans to northern markets. During next 25 years, over 70 individual growers, on area farms ranging from one to 125 acres, raised a variety of vegetables and fruits which were shipped by rail to northern markets. City became famous for growing Long Beach Long Reds radishes for patrons of northern beer . . . — Map (db m81047) HM
Mississippi (Harrison County), Pass Christian — 124 — Blues & Jazz in the Pass
Front The histories of blues and jazz are often traced along separate pathways, but, especially on the Gulf Coast, the two genres were intertwined from the earliest days. Blues was a key element in the music of Pass Christian’s illustrious native son Captain John Handy (1900-1971) and other locals who played traditional jazz or rhythm & blues. Pass Christian has celebrated its rich African American musical heritage with various festivals, including "Jazz in the Pass," first held . . . — Map (db m80991) HM
Mississippi (Harrison County), Pass Christian — Constitution of the United States of America
In 1787 delegates from the 13 original states met in Philadelphia and wrote the Constitution at a convention in which George Washington was chosen the presiding officer. — Map (db m81110) HM
Mississippi (Harrison County), Pass Christian — Declaration of Independence
Adopted by the Continental Congress in Philadelphia on July, 4, 1776 The 13 Original Colonies were Massachusetts, Rhode Island, Connecticut, New Hampshire, New York, New Jersey, Pennsylvania, Delaware, Maryland, Virginia, North Carolina, South Carolina, and Georgia. — Map (db m81113) HM
Mississippi (Harrison County), Pass Christian — Dixie "White House"
Built by John Backe of New Orleans in 1851. Here in 1913 Pres. Woodrow Wilson and family spent winter vacation as guests of the owner, Miss Alice Herndon. — Map (db m80997) HM
Mississippi (Harrison County), Pass Christian — Independence Hall
Located in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania Begun in 1732 — Completed in 1753 Here the Declaration of Independence was adopted on July 4, 1776 and the Constitutional Convention held in 1787 — Map (db m81115) HM
Mississippi (Harrison County), Pass Christian — Les Palmiers
National Register of Historic Places Built in 1849 for Harold Payne as a four room Coast cottage. Altered and expanded in 1893 and 1904. Abandoned after Hurricane Camille. Bought, restored and expanded in 1989 by Dr. and Mrs. Harry Danielson. aka Alva Villa, the Harrison Badier House, Belle B'Anne Map (db m81054) HM
Mississippi (Harrison County), Pass Christian — Saucier-Bidwell-Pratt House
Side 1 Built ca. 1855 by Pierre Saucier, whose son was later mayor of Pass Christian, the two-story Greek Revival House located here had a central temple-like portico and square-columned galleries spanning its facade, and an octagonal Gothic Revival outbuilding on its grounds. It was later the home of renowned New Orleans theatre impresario David Bidwell. Known locally as "Union Quarters," the house was destroyed during Hurricane Katrina in 2005. . . . — Map (db m81033) HM
Mississippi (Harrison County), Pass Christian — Scenic Drive Historic District
Due to the large number of 19th and early 20th century mansions once located here, Pass Christian's Scenic Drive was heralded as "The Newport of the South." Composed of architecturally significant vacation villas set among live oaks, this National Register listed historic district had the largest and best preserved collection of noteworthy beachfront manors on the Mississippi Gulf Coast. In 2005 Hurricane Katrina destroyed many of the historic buildings, especially in the western half of the district. — Map (db m81042) HM
Mississippi (Harrison County), Pass Christian — The Flag of the United States of America
The Stars and Stripes originated as a result of a resolution offered by the Marine Committee of the Second Continental Congress at Philadelphia, Pennsylvania and adopted June 14, 1777. — Map (db m81111) HM
Mississippi (Harrison County), Pass Christian — The Liberty Bell
The bell bears the inscription "Proclaim liberty throughout all the land unto all the inhabitants thereof." — Map (db m81112) HM
Mississippi (Harrison County), Pass Christian — The Star Spangled Banner
The National Anthem was written by Francis Scott Key during the bombardment of Fort McHenry Baltimore, Maryland on September 13-14, 1814 — Map (db m81114) HM
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