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Nebraska Markers
545 markers matched your search criteria. The first 250 markers are listed. Next 295
Nebraska (Adams County), Hastings — 366 — Naval Ammunition Depot
The U.S. Naval Ammunition Depot, known locally as "the NAD," was the largest of the navy's World War II inland munitions depots, occupying almost 49,000 acres of Adams and Clay County farmland. Construction began in July 1942; loading, assembly, and storage of ordnance continued until final closing in June 1966. By V-J Day in 1945, the NAD employed 10,000 military and civilian workers. At one point during the war the NAD was producing nearly forty percent of the navy's ordnance, including . . . — Map (db m78005) HM
Nebraska (Antelope County), Orchard — 296 — The Prairie States Forestry Project
The Prairie States Forestry Project was initiated by President Franklin D. Roosevelt in 1935 to combat the severe wind-caused soil erosion of the Dust Bowl days. From 1935 through 1942, the U.S. Forest Service, working with the Works Progress Administration and Civilian Conservation Corps planted windbreaks throughout the Great Plains. Nearly 220 million seedlings were planted creating 18,600 miles of windbreaks occupying 240,000 acres on 30,000 farms. Nebraskans led this effort planting . . . — Map (db m9633) HM
Nebraska (Box Butte County), Heminford — 146 — Box Butte Country
A flat-topped hill to the southeast was named Box Butte by early cowboys and travelers. This area is part of the Box Butte Tableland, semi-arid short grass country that stretches far to the west. Box Butte has given its name to the creek that flows near its base, a village, and the county where it is located. It served as a landmark for miners and freighters to the Black Hills during the gold rush of the 1870's. Box Butte City was founded east of here in the mid-1880's. A cluster of sod and . . . — Map (db m89342) HM
Nebraska (Boyd County), Naper — 453 — Lost Airmen of World War II
On August 3, 1944, a C-47 transport carrying twenty-eight men of the U.S. Army Air Forces crashed in a ravine six miles southwest of Naper during a severe storm. There were no survivors. It was the largest single military air disaster in Nebraska history. The plane was in flight from the Bruning, Nebraska, Army Air Field to Pierre, South Dakota, where the men would complete gunnery training before going overseas. A monument in nearby Knollcrest Cemetery honors their sacrifice. — Map (db m70623) HM
Nebraska (Brown County), Ainsworth — 380 — Ainsworth Army Air Field
Ainsworth Army Air Field, completed on November 30, 1942, was a satellite of Rapid City Army Air Field and under command of the Second Air Force. The field was one of eleven Army Air Force training bases built in Nebraska during World War II. The 2,496-acre field included three 7,300 x 150-foot concrete runways, a hanger, warehouse, repair and machine shops, link and bomb trainers, Norden bombsite vaults, and barracks for over 600 officers and enlisted men. The base's primary mission was to . . . — Map (db m77760) HM
Nebraska (Brown County), Johnstown — 236 — Lakeland Sod High School
Lakeland High School was constructed 20 miles south of this site by ranchers from several rural school districts during the summer of 1934. School began that September with 11 students. Constructed of prairie sod, with a sod roof supported by pole rafters, this two-room building housed the classroom and living quarters for the teacher. Outbuildings --two toilets and barn for the students' horses -- were also built of sod. The rooms were heated by "prairie coal" (cow chips) picked up by . . . — Map (db m9623) HM
Nebraska (Buffalo County), Elm Creek — 91 — Historic Platte Valley
Through this valley passed the Oregon Trail, highway for early explorers, fur traders, California-bound gold seekers, freighters, and brave pioneers seeking new homes in the West. Traffic was especially heavy from 1843 to 1866. At times as many as 800 wagons passed this point daily, heading both directions. The pony Express passed through the valley, followed by the first telegraph lines. This was also the military road to western destinations. Beginning in 1847, the Mormons broke a new trail . . . — Map (db m45521) HM
Nebraska (Buffalo County), Gibbon — D. E. "Mac" McGregorIn Honor Of

whose ideas brought about this park and this windmill — Map (db m79884) HM

Nebraska (Buffalo County), Gibbon — First Buffalo County Court House

On Oct. 10, 1871 the Buffalo County seat was by vote located at Gibbon.

On this site was built the first Buffalo County Courthouse in 1873. Hand made brick in base, made from local clay is from this courthouse razed in 1909.

On Oct. 13, 1874 the Buffalo County seat was by vote relocated at Kearny. Hand hewn stone in base is from the Kearney Courthouse razed in 1975.

Plaque erected by Exchange Bank, Gibbon Stone and brick by Gage Vohland and A.W. Skeen Families — Map (db m79715) HM

Nebraska (Buffalo County), Gibbon — 201 — Gibbon

Gibbon, near here, was the site of a unique experiment in homestead colonization. The Soldiers' Free Homestead Temperance Colony was responsible for bringing the earliest settlers, mostly Union veterans, to this locality. Traveling via the Union Pacific Railroad, the first group arrived April 7, 1871, when the only building was a small section house. They lived in railroad boxcars until sod or frame homes could be built. Their first view of the area was not encouraging, since a prairie . . . — Map (db m79716) HM

Nebraska (Buffalo County), Gibbon — 115 — Gibbon1871 - 1971

Gibbon, on the old Mormon Trail, was the site of a unique experiment in homestead colonization. Originally conceived as a financial venture by Colonel John Thorp of Ohio, the Soldier's Free Homestead Colony was responsible for bringing the first homesteaders to the region. Traveling by Union Pacific, which had reached this point in July 1866, the first group of colonists, representing 80 families, arrived in Gibbon on April 7, 1871.

Thorp had advertised for colonists, charging a . . . — Map (db m79880) HM

Nebraska (Buffalo County), Gibbon — Memorial Tree

In honor of the Grand Army of the Republic by its Auxiliary the National Woman's Relief Corps — Map (db m79718) WM

Nebraska (Buffalo County), Gibbon — 359 — Nebraska Centre - Boyd Ranche
James E. Boyd settled near here in 1858 and by 1860 operated a trail ranche supplying travelers on the Platte Valley Overland Route (Mormon Trail). The ranche included 2200 acres of corn and barley. Nebraska Centre Post Office was here until it was discontinued in 1868. the Union Pacific Railroad, reaching here in 1866, ended the need for ranches. Soon after, Boyd moved to Omaha, was elected mayor, and in 1891 became governor of Nebraska. — Map (db m45425) HM
Nebraska (Buffalo County), Gibbon — The Soldiers Free Homestead ColonyIn Memory Of — April 7, 1871

Erected by the descendants of the Soldiers Free Homestead Colony, to honor and perpetuate their names, for their courage and self sacrifice in their pioneering. They arrived in Gibbon, Nebraska, April 7, 1871, by Union Pacific Railroad, seeking homesteads granted by the government.

[Roster of Colony Members and Honorary Members] — Map (db m79721) HM

Nebraska (Buffalo County), Kearney — Baldwin Engine 481
Baldwin Built engine 481 in 1903. The original number was 1902, but was later renumbered 841 in 1915. It was used on the main line branch lines of the Union Pacific Railroad in Kansas until the winter of 1954-55, when it was brought to Kearney Branch. It was the last steam locomotive to operate on that branch and completed its last run there on August 2, 1955. In August of 1955, it was taken to Columbus, Nebraska, and used on the branch line there. It was brought back to the Pioneer Park in . . . — Map (db m45428) HM
Nebraska (Buffalo County), Kearney — Boyd House
The Boyd House, first frame house in Buffalo County, was built just west of present-day Gibbon in 1864 by brothers James E. and Joseph Boyd. It was the family home of James and Ann Boyd and their children. The two brothers came to the area in the early 1850s and built a stopping place for overland travelers heading westward. These stopping places were called road ranches and provided travelers with needed goods and services. The Boyd Ranche consisted of several buildings, including a barn, . . . — Map (db m45468) HM
Nebraska (Buffalo County), Kearney — 488 — Buffalo County’s Lincoln Highway Seedling Mile
The Lincoln Highway Association was founded in 1913 to promote a transcontinental automobile route from new York City to San Francisco. Dedicated on October 31, 1913, the route was marked by the letter “L” within red, white, and blue bands painted on telephone poles or signs.

The association conceived the Seedling Mile program to demonstrate the use of concrete as a roadway surface, including projects in Buffalo County and Hall County in Nebraska. The Kearney Commercial Club . . . — Map (db m45520) HM

Nebraska (Buffalo County), Kearney — Dr. Paul Ambrose
This garden was planted in memory of Dr. Paul Ambrose who died on American Airlines Flight 77 on September 11, 2001. "Paul dedicated his career to changing the health care system with an emphasis on physician leadership and prevention. Paul was a rare and wonderful man whose life was like a pebble tossed into a pond; the way he lived his life, enjoyed his career and treasured his friends and family had a ripple effect on so many people." — Map (db m58905) HM
Nebraska (Buffalo County), Kearney — Empress Theatre1914
This property has been placed on the National Register of Historic Places by the United States Department of the Interior Destroyed by fire Rebuilt 1940 as Fort Theatre — Map (db m58904) HM
Nebraska (Buffalo County), Kearney — German Baptist Church of the Brethren
This building was constructed in 1898 by the German Baptist Church of the Brethren to serve as a house of worship. It was originally located on the southwest corner of ? Street and Avenue A in Kearney. This congregation used this building until 1964. From 1968 until 1974 the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints used the building for worship. From 1974 to 1978, the Kearney Baptist Temple used the building for worship. The building sat empty for ten years until the Salvation Army purchased . . . — Map (db m45467) HM
Nebraska (Buffalo County), Kearney — Good Samaritan Air Crew
This gazebo is dedicated to the memory of the Good Samaritan Air Crew. On December 20, 1985, they gave their lives attempting to save others. Nancy Brandon Joan Brown Craig Budden — Map (db m58938) HM
Nebraska (Buffalo County), Kearney — 153 — Historic Kearney
In 1847 Brigham Young led the first migration over the Mormon Trail along the north bank of the Platte River, and in 1866 the Union Pacific Railroad pushed its main line westward to this valley, bringing pioneer settlers. However, it was not until 1871 when the Burlington & Missouri River Railroad fixed the junction point of its line with the Union Pacific that a townsite was established here.

The village of Kearney Junction was platted in the summer of 1871 and the junction of the two . . . — Map (db m45427) HM

Nebraska (Buffalo County), Kearney — Hostetler Amphitheatre
Dedicated in honor and memory Judge Bruno O. Hostetler 1861 - 1954 Leadership in establishing college in Kearney 1903 A gift from his daughter Mrs. Florence H. Raymond June 19, 1980 — Map (db m58962) HM
Nebraska (Buffalo County), Kearney — Kearney Civil War and Spanish-American War Memorial
Erected by the City of Kearney, 1910. In honor of the Defenders of our Country, 1861-1865 and 1898-1900. — Map (db m45426) HM
Nebraska (Buffalo County), Kearney — Kearney State College Memorial Carillon Tower
In honor of George and Venetia Peterson and Elias and Mary Yanney The carillon tower reflects the early history of Kearney State College and the Administration Building located adjacent to this site. The four columns of the carillon tower symbolize the columns that adorned the main entry of the Administration Building which was the first building constructed on the campus. The relief sculptures are adapted from replicas of the Partheon sculptures in Athens, Greece, which were . . . — Map (db m58961) HM
Nebraska (Buffalo County), Kearney — Kearney: From the Beginning
Long before early French explorers named it the Platte River, or "flat waters," this heartland oasis was a crossroads. Migratory birds, abundant wildlife and Native Americans had been in residence for centuries when the confluence of the Oregon and Mormon trails led pioneers to the site that would become Kearney. Bound for points farther west, some hardy, yet visionary souls saw opportunities and they stayed, laying the foundation for what would become the Midwestern "work ethic." In . . . — Map (db m58888) HM
Nebraska (Buffalo County), Kearney — Loup River Freighter Hotel
Loup River Freighters Hotel was built in 1884 by Jerome Lalone, a house painter and wallpaper hanger from Kearney. Mr. Lolone purchased land in the northwestern corner of Buffalo County along the South Loup river in 1883. he built the house along a wagon road between Kearney and Broken Bow. Lolone built extra bedrooms to rent to freight wagon drivers who stopped overnight. These freighters were carrying supplies between Kearney and Broken Bow before railroad lines were completed.

The house . . . — Map (db m45429) HM

Nebraska (Buffalo County), Kearney — Old Oregon Trail
The first stone erected in Nebraska to mark the Old Oregon Trail 1811 - 1869 Dedicated by Fort Kearney Chapter Daughter of the American Revolution Kearney Nebraska February 14, 1910. — Map (db m58815) HM
Nebraska (Buffalo County), Kearney — Shelton Union Pacific Depot
This depot was built in 1898 next to the Union Pacific tracks in Shelton. It was moved to this site in September 1975 and was the first building on the grounds of the Trails and Rails Museum of the Buffalo County Historical Society. It was donated by the Union pacific Railroad.

The Shelton Depot has three rooms: Waiting Room, Depot Agent’s Office, and Freight Room.

The Waiting Room was used by people purchasing tickets for boarding a train, or by those waiting for someone to arrive by . . . — Map (db m45471) HM

Nebraska (Buffalo County), Kearney — Site of Bauer DrugNovember 1, 1946 - December 1958 — Proprietor, George J. Bauer
and Bauer Sundries & Veterinary Supplies January 1959 - October 1969 Proprietor, Frances R. Bauer Home of Kearney's last soda fountain In honor of George J. and Frances R. Bauer for their civic mindedness and years of dedication to the Old Town business area. "We exist temporarily through what we take, but we live forever through what we give." Plaque given in honor of Frances R. Bauer's 85th birthday - June 9, 2004 and in memory of George J. Bauer . . . — Map (db m58857) HM
Nebraska (Buffalo County), Kearney — 364 — The Great Platte River Road
The trail which followed the south side of the Platte River was the main route to Oregon and California. Fur traders going to the Rocky Mountains took the first wagons over the trail in 1830. Oregon-bound missionaries followed in the mid-1830s, and the first group of settlers embarked for Oregon in 1841. The number of emigrants reached 40,000 in 1849 after gold was discovered in California. Most emigrants traveled in ox-drawn wagons averaging about fifteen miles a day. In the 1850s and . . . — Map (db m53268) HM
Nebraska (Buffalo County), Kearney — 125 — University of Nebraska at Kearney
In 1903 the legislature appropriated $50,000 to establish a state normal school in central or western Nebraska. After 111 ballots, the State Board of Education chose Kearney as the site. The city donated twenty acres on the west edge of town for a campus, including one building, Green Terrace Hall, which was used mainly as a dormitory until razed in 1960. Construction of the administration building began in 1904. The first classes at Kearney State Normal School were held in the summer of 1905 . . . — Map (db m45500) HM
Nebraska (Buffalo County), Shelton — 407 — Joseph E. Johnson and the Huntsman’s Echo
In April 1860 Joseph E. Johnson, a Mormon, established a road ranche at Wood River Center, today’s Shelton, and began publishing The Huntsman’s Echo, the first newspaper in Nebraska west of Omaha. He had earlier edited papers in Council Bluffs, Iowa, and Omaha. Johnson was a keen observer of the Nebraska scene, which he discussed in a vigorous and breeze style suggested by his paper’s motto, “Independent in Everything, Neutral in Nothing.” Johnson’s Ranch was an important supply . . . — Map (db m45423) HM
Nebraska (Buffalo County), Shelton — Meisner Bank Building

This property has been placed on the National Register of Historic Places by the United States Department of the Interior — Map (db m79714) HM

Nebraska (Buffalo County), Shelton — Shelton Pioneers
This Boulder is dedicated to the early pioneers of the community of Shelton, in recognition of their heroic services in establishing and protecting this town and in risking their lives that Shelton might be secure. In memory of La Belle Whitney Wallace, Organizing Regent. Placed by Shelton Chapter, D.A.R. — Map (db m45283) HM
Nebraska (Burt County), Tekamah — Historical Facts of Burt County
(South Side) Old block house was built by U.S. War Department on this site in 1855 to protect white colony from Indians. Crowning achievment of the pioneers was a gold medal award for best agricultural display at World's Fair 1893 in Chicago. (West Side) Tekamah founded Oct. 7, 1854. First church organized 1856. First school held in 1857. Burt County. First settlement in county in Folsom Park at Tekamah in 1854. First church at Decatur 1856. First school at . . . — Map (db m28077) HM
Nebraska (Butler County), David City — 252 — Shinn's Ferry
Moses Shinn and his son Dick began operating Shinn's Ferry across the Platte in 1859. The original site was near Savannah, the first Butler County seat, and a short distance from the present Schuyler bridge. Just above this location the Platte was joined by the Loup River, providing ample water for the operation of a ferry. Farther west, the Platte could be crossed only by fording.

Between 1859-1872, thousands of wagons and travelers crossed at Shinn's Ferry, some en route to Ft. Kearny via . . . — Map (db m39143) HM

Nebraska (Cass County), Elmwood — 41 — Bess Streeter Aldrich, 1881-1954
"Love is more like a light that you carry .... that is what love is to a woman - a lantern in her hand," says Abbie Deal the courageous heroine in Bess Streeter Aldrich's novel about the pioneers who with dreams and hard work forged this great State of Nebraska. This memorable work became a veritable text-book of life on the prairie, the development of Nebraska; it was translated into many foreign languages. The Rim of the Prairie, A Lantern in Her Hand, A White Bird Flying, Miss . . . — Map (db m82510) HM
Nebraska (Cass County), Plattsmouth — Blake Building
This Property is listed in the National Register of Historic Places By the United States Department of the Interior Blake Building 305 Main Street 1883 ca John Blake, proprietor of a local saloon, erected this building. The businesses in this building were a clothing store run by Ben Elson, in 1897 a coal, wood and feed store run by J.V. Egenberger and in 1940 a service station run by John Cloidt for over thirty years. — Map (db m78059) HM
Nebraska (Cass County), Plattsmouth — Budweiser Building 1888
This Property is listed in the National Register of Historic Places By the United States Department of the Interior Budweiser Building 1888 Anheuser-Busch Brewing Co built for $20,000 to house a saloon and liquor business. Above was a YMCA reading room and a cigar factory — Map (db m78051) HM
Nebraska (Cass County), Plattsmouth — Cass County Courthouse
Two markers, to the left and right of the front entrance. Has been placed on the National Register of Historic Places By the United States Department of the Interior 1985 This Property is listed in the National Register of Historic Places By the United States Department of the Interior Cass County Courthouse 346 Main Street 1891 The Architect of the Romanesque style building was William Gray, the contractor was O.J. King. A Seth . . . — Map (db m78049) HM
Nebraska (Cass County), Plattsmouth — 242 — Company A – First Nebraska Volunteer Infantry1861-1866
When the outbreak of war between the states became imminent in the spring of 1861, the citizens of Plattsmouth were quick to respond to the impending crisis. Without waiting for President Lincoln's call for volunteers, Dr. Robert R. Livingston organized a company of infantry to be held in readiness for Federal service. The men elected Livingston their captain and the women of Plattsmouth sewed a flag which they presented to the company. On June 11, 1861, the Plattsmouth volunteers were . . . — Map (db m78024) HM
Nebraska (Cass County), Plattsmouth — Drew/Weckbach
This Property is listed in the National Register of Historic Places By the United States Department of the Interior Drew/Weckbach 317, 321, 325 Main Street 1881 & 1886 Joseph V. Weckbach came to Plattsmouth in 1865. After working as a blacksmith he entered the grocery business. In 1881 with the help of Alva Drew, a local lawyer, they built the east two-thirds of the building and then in 1886 one third of the building was built in the same architectural style. It housed . . . — Map (db m78056) HM
Nebraska (Cass County), Plattsmouth — Excelsior Building
This Property is listed in the National Register of Historic Places By the United States Department of the Interior Excelsior Building 313 Main Street 1884 Three business owners, in succession, J.C. & R. Peterson, brothers, Martin Johnson and Russell Chase had a butcher business up to 1927. — Map (db m78058) HM
Nebraska (Cass County), Plattsmouth — Plattsmouth Bridge 1930
This Property is listed in the National Register of Historic Places By the United States Department of the Interior Plattsmouth Bridge 1930 The bridge was built to replace the ferry service that had started in 1848. It was a reinforced concrete structure with seven steel cantilevered spans. The Omaha Steel Works Company were the engineers of the project. In 2008 it was extensively rebuilt and reproductions of the original ornamental lights were installed. It is 140 . . . — Map (db m78061) HM
Nebraska (Cass County), Plattsmouth — Vienna Bakery
This Property is listed in the National Register of Historic Places By the United States Department of the Interior Vienna Bakery 329 Main Street 1881 Built by William Stadelman, First occupant was a bakery run by William Holtschneider. It sold baked goods and ice cream. During the 1940's and 1950's a duckpin bowling alley was a popular business. — Map (db m78054) HM
Nebraska (Cass County), Plattsmouth — Wetenkamp Building
This Property is listed in the National Register of Historic Places By the United States Department of the Interior Wetenkamp Building 337 Main Street 1890 Many businesses occupied this site. Among them were various stores, a grocery, shoe, furniture, bakery and a Ford dealership. — Map (db m78053) HM
Nebraska (Cass County), Weeping Water — 118 — Weeping Water Academy
This building was constructed by community effort in 1871 of native limestone as the Congregational Church and served in that capacity until a new brick church was constructed 1887-1890. The nearby stone parsonage, first occupied in 1867, was sold in 1870 to provide funds for the 1871 church. The old church provided space for the chapel, classrooms, and library for the Weeping Water Academy which was established in 1885, as its founders felt their children could not receive adequate . . . — Map (db m82521) HM
Nebraska (Chase County), Champion — 43 — Champion Water-powered Mill
Champion, on the Frenchman River (Creek), is the site of probably the oldest functioning water-powered mill in Nebraska. Preliminary construction on the mill was begun in the fall of 1886. The work was completed and the mill placed in operation by late 1888. The original mill burned in the early 1890’s, but was soon rebuilt. It has remained in use since that time.

The construction of flour mills reflected Chase County’s transition from ranching to farming. Dominated by ranching in its . . . — Map (db m79376) HM

Nebraska (Cherry County), Bayonne — 4 — Opening the Sandhills
The first ranch in this area was set up on the Niobrara River about five miles south of here in 1877. E. S. Newman established his ranch to sell cattle to the government for delivery to the Indians at the Pine Ridge Agency to the north. The sandhills, later to become the heart of Nebraska's cattle country, were shunned by Newman and his contemporaries who set up ranches on their edge. The cattlemen believed the region of shifting sand dunes, with few streams or other known sources of . . . — Map (db m9622) HM
Nebraska (Cherry County), Valentine — Bryan Bridge
This arched cantilever truss bridge, connected in the center with a single pin, is the only one of its kind in the United States. It was built in 1932 by the Department of Public Works and named by the local citizenry in honor of Governor Charles Wayland Bryan. The bridge is 289 feet long, has a 24-foot roadway, and cost $55,564. It was designed by Josef Sorkin, who immigrated from Russia in 1923 and graduated from the University of Nebraska College of Engineering in 1929. This particular . . . — Map (db m70625) HM
Nebraska (Cherry County), Valentine — 87 — Fort Niobrara
When a Sioux Indian reservation was established north of here in Dakota Territory in 1878, early settlers in the region grew fearful of attack. They requested military protection, and in 1880 Fort Niobrara was built a few miles east of present-day Valentine. There was no later Indian trouble in the immediate area, and the Ghost Dance religion in the early 1890's brought the last major Indian scare. Among the officers once stationed at Fort Niobrara were John J. Pershing, later commander of U.S. . . . — Map (db m77753) HM
Nebraska (Cherry County), Wood Lake — 483 — Midair Collision of P-47 "Thunderbolt" Fighter Planes, 1944
At 10:45 a.m. on February 5, 1944, 1st Lt. John B. Beatty of Sandusky, OH, and 2d Lt. Earnest W. Fanslau of Mantua, NJ took to the air from the Ainsworth Army Air Field in two P-47 "Thunderbolt" fighter planes for an instrument training flight. Lt. Fanslau's canopy was covered so he could fly solely by instruments, while Lt. Beatty flew nearby as Fanslau's observer. During the flight Lt. Fanslau made an unexpected right turn that Lt. Beatty could not avoid. Rancher Everett Morris did not see . . . — Map (db m77754) HM
Nebraska (Cheyenne County), Sidney — 16 — Fort Sidney
Sidney Barracks, when established in 1867, was a temporary camp with one permanent structure, a blockhouse located to the north. In 1869 the Fort was relocated at this site and in 1870 the name was officially changed to Fort Sidney. The primary service of the Fort was in protecting construction crews from hostile Indians while building the Union Pacific. Fort Sidney became a major strategic point on the Plains in the mid-1870’s. With the discovery of gold in the Black Hills, the town of . . . — Map (db m76864) HM
Nebraska (Cheyenne County), Sidney — Hickory Square
Eight plaques mounted on a single monument are located at Hickory Square. The plaques are presented left to right. Early Day Cheyenne County The history of Nebraska and Cheyenne County correlate to the push westward of the transcontinental railroad in 1867. During the county’s earlier evolution, Frontier Trails connecting to the Oregon, Mormon, Overland, Emigrant Road, Pole Creek Crossing and Texas Cattle were pounded into its soul by thousands of wagon wheels. It was home to . . . — Map (db m76866) HM
Nebraska (Cheyenne County), Sidney — 362 — Sioux Army Depot
Sioux Army Depot was established on 23 March 1942 as Sioux Ordnance Depot. It was the only U.S. Army Ammunition Depot in Nebraska during World War II, the Korean War, and the Vietnam War. The depot was initially under the command of the U.S. Army Ordnance Department and later the U.S. Army Materiel Command. Sioux Army Depot’s mission during its entire history was the receipt, storage, and issue of all types of ammunition from small arms to 10,000 pound bombs, all types of general supplies . . . — Map (db m76863) HM
Nebraska (Clay County), Sutton — 49 — Sutton
The first permanent settler in the town of Sutton was Luther French, who arrived in 1870. He and his seven children lived near here in a dugout on the bank of School Creek. This dugout had a tunnel to the creek bank and the inside entrance could be concealed by a crude cupboard. In the event of an Indian attack, the children were instructed to take cover in the tunnel. Apparently, Indians never bothered the family. In 1871 the French homestead was laid out as a townsite and named for Sutton, . . . — Map (db m78007) HM
Nebraska (Clay County), Sutton — 422 — The Soldier's Monument
On March 27, 1879, George G. Meade Post 19, Grand Army of the Republic, Department of Nebraska, was founded in Sutton by twenty former Union soldiers. The G.A.R. was a national fraternal organization created to provide for the welfare of Union veterans of the Civil War, their widows and orphans, and to keep alive memories of wartime sacrifices. The G.A.R. held annual encampments and reunions, organized Memorial Day ceremonies, and was active in politics. By 1890, 448 Union veterans lived . . . — Map (db m78006) HM WM
Nebraska (Custer County), Broken Bow — 45 — Broken Bow
A discarded Indian bow suggested the name for a town. Wilson Hewitt, an early homesteader, had applied for the location of a post office on his place. Approving the location, the government rejected Hewitt's first three suggested names as being too similar to names previously approved. Remembering a broken bow recently found nearby, Hewitt then submitted the name "Broken Bow," which the Post Office Department readily approved. This area was the center of what eventually came to be known as . . . — Map (db m77816) HM
Nebraska (Custer County), Broken Bow — Site of First Custer County Courthouse
Erected and Donated to Custer County By the Citizens and Precinct of Broken Bow A.D. 1889

This site donated to Custer County by Jess Gandy A.D. 1882

Building Committee - S.H. Yoder, W.H. Coon, T.J. Woods, J.B. Lump, W. Hewett, I.H. Barcus; F.S. Allen, Architect; B.B. Colman, Contractor; B.M. Bond, Mason.

Destroyed by fire Jan. 14, 1910 — Map (db m77763) HM

Nebraska (Custer County), Broken Bow — 59 — The Nebraska State Grange
The National Grange of the Patrons of Husbandry was organized in Washington, D.C. in 1867. During the 1870's, it was the major voice of the American farmer and its social, educational, and fraternal activities brightened farm life. "Granger Laws", enacted by state governments, established the pattern for modern America's regulated free enterprise economy.

The Nebraska State Grange was organized in 1872, but errors in its co-operative ventures and the rise of the Farmers Alliance led to . . . — Map (db m77761) HM

Nebraska (Custer County), Westerville — 248 — 1880 Westerville 1980
Westerville, nestled in picturesque Clear Creek Valley, was the first town in Custer County. It was named for James H. Westervelt on whose land the townsite was platted August 11, 1880. The town became an important early trade center after pioneer families, both black and white, homesteaded here during the 1870's. Westerville had many firsts in Custer County - the first frame church, the Methodist, whose bell echoed across the valley; the first newspaper, The Custer Leader, and the first . . . — Map (db m77819) HM
Nebraska (Custer County), Westerville — Westerville United Methodist Church
Westerville United Methodist Church Organized in 1880. First church in Custer County. — Map (db m77817) HM
Nebraska (Dawes County), Chadron — 42 — Bordeaux Trading Post
From about 1846 until 1872, an Indian "trading house" occupied a site near here. Built by James Bordeaux, the trading station was once attacked and set afire by hostile Crow warriors. Fortunately, some friendly Sioux Indians came to the rescue and drove off the attacking Crow. James Bordeaux was from a French settlement near St. Louis and while yet a young boy, he went west with fur traders. Bordeaux was active in the fur trade in the vicinity of Fort Laramie from the 1830's until the . . . — Map (db m4529) HM
Nebraska (Dawes County), Chadron — 195 — Chadron Creek Trading Post
Employees of Lancaster P. Lupton built a trading post on the creek near here in 1841 to trade with the Sioux Indians. From 1842 until at least 1845 this post was managed by Louis B. Chartran, first for Sibille and Adams and later for Pratte & Cabanne. These companies were successively headquartered at Fort Platte about eighty-five miles southwest of here and competed aggressively with Pierre Chouteau Jr. & Co., which owned Fort Laramie. As a result of this competition, fur traders were very . . . — Map (db m89344) HM
Nebraska (Dawes County), Chadron — 465 — Fort Robinson - Camp Sheridan - Pine Ridge Indian Agency Road
Following the 1874 establishment of military posts near the Red Cloud and Spotted Tail agencies for the Oglala and Brule Sioux, the army laid out a forty-two-mile road to transport military and Indian supplies between the agencies and posts. Oglala leader Crazy Horse traveled the road on his final journey, when an army officer and Indian scouts escorted him from Camp Sheridan to Camp (later Fort) Robinson on September 5, 1877. Crazy Horse was killed that night while resisting imprisonment and . . . — Map (db m89346) HM
Nebraska (Dawes County), Chadron — Historic Northwestern Nebraska
The Pine Ridge Country of northwestern Nebraska is among the greatest historic places of the nineteenth-century American West. It was long the homeland and hunting grounds of the Lakota (Western Sioux). White fur traders began arriving during the 1830s and 1840s to exchange manufactured goods with the Indians in return for bison robes. In the 1870s many dramatic and tragic episodes played out across this landscape, sparked by the discovery of gold in the nearby Black Hills, and the . . . — Map (db m89354) HM
Nebraska (Dawes County), Chadron — Paha SapaThe heart of everything that is.
Paha Sapa is sacred land of the Lakota that the white man has named Black Hills. We never lived in this place. It is the womb of Mother Earth—the rightful home of birds and animals. We came here only for ceremonies, vision quests and burials. The lightning over the hills is the spirits of fallen warriors. We fought bravely to keep white settlers from taking our sacred land. Their army built forts to protect their people as they traveled through our lands. In 1868. the . . . — Map (db m89372) HM
Nebraska (Dawes County), Chadron — 331 — The Chadron-Chicago Cowboy Race
America’s longest horse race began here June 13, 1893. The 1,000 mile race ended June 27 in Chicago at Buffalo Bill’s Wild West Show. The race apparently was the idea of Chadron jokester John G. Maher. Seven of nine riders finished, some traveling up to ninety miles a day. Nebraska badman “Doc” Middleton was an entrant. John Berry won, riding Sandy and Poison, but was disqualified for having prior knowledge of the route. Chadron officials declared Joe Gillespie the winner. Nebraska State Historical Society — Map (db m51693) HM
Nebraska (Dawes County), Chadron — 304 — The Fort Pierre-Fort Laramie Trail
From about 1837 until 1850, more than a quarter million buffalo robes bought from Indians and 27 tons of fur company trade goods were hauled over the 300 mile long Fort Pierre-Fort Laramie Trail that followed the White River through this area. First used by the American Fur Company, the trail had its origin as part of an earlier Spanish trade route from Santa Fe to the Missouri River in present South Dakota. During the 1840s the Fort Pierre-Fort Laramie Trail was the shortest overland . . . — Map (db m4530) HM
Nebraska (Dawes County), Crawford — 227 — Crawford
Crawford sprang up as a tent city on land owned by homesteader/newspaper correspondent William E. Annin in 1886 when the Fremont, Elkhorn and Missouri Valley Railroad pushed through the Nebraska Panhandle. To Incorporate the town, editor William Edgar supplemented civilian signatures with those of obliging soldiers stationed at nearby Fort Robinson. After the Burlington Railroad passed northward in 1887, Crawford became a supply depot and entertainment center for the Fort. Troops no longer man . . . — Map (db m44254) HM
Nebraska (Dawes County), Fort Robinson State Park — 392 — Buffalo Soldiers at Fort Robinson
Black soldiers of the Ninth and Tenth Cavalry regiments (called "buffalo soldiers" by the Plains Indians) garrisoned Fort Robinson for eighteen years and played an important role in northwestern Nebraska's history. Organized in 1866, the regiments first served in the Southwest. In 1885 the Ninth Cavalry arrived at Fort Robinson, which was regimental headquarters from 1887 to 1898. The black troopers helped build the new post during the fort's 1887 expansion and were the first cavalrymen sent . . . — Map (db m4134) HM
Nebraska (Dawes County), Fort Robinson State Park — 102 — Fort Robinson
In March, 1874, the U.S. Government authorized the establishment of a military camp at the Red Cloud Indian Agency on the White River. Home of some 13,000 Indians, many of whom were hostile, the Agency was one of the most troublesome spots on the Plains. The camp was named Camp Robinson in honor of Lt. Levi H. Robinson, who had been killed by Indians the previous month. In May, the camp was re-located on this site, and in January, 1878, was officially designated Fort Robinson. Fort . . . — Map (db m4489) HM
Nebraska (Dawson County), Cozad — 182 — Central Platte Valley
Here in Dawson county, much of the early history is concerned with the pioneer trails to the west. The Mormon Trail to Utah and the first transcontinental railroad passed through here on the north side of the Platte River; the Oregon Trail and the Pony Express followed the south side of the Platte. Indian trouble was not uncommon here in the early days of settlement. The Plum Creek Massacre occurred in 1864 when Sioux Indians attacked a wagon train, killing sevral men and taking prisoners . . . — Map (db m68060) HM
Nebraska (Dawson County), Gotenburg — 350 — Swedish Crosses Cemetery
One of the many Swedish settlements in Nebraska during the late nineteenth century was north of Gothenburg in northwestern Dawson County. An enduring symbol of this settlement is Swedish Crosses Cemetery, where three children of Mr. and Mrs. Berg are buried. These unique grave markers were made in a traditional Swedish style between 1885 and 1889 by the children's grandfather, Benjamin Palm. Mr. Palm was the first blacksmith in Gothenburg. — Map (db m62797) HM
Nebraska (Dawson County), Gothenburg — Dissected Loess Plains
has been designated a --------------------------- National Natural Landmark --------------------------- This site possesses exceptional value as an illustration of the nation’s natural heritage and contributes to a better understanding of man’s environment. 1987 National Park Service United States Department of the Interior — Map (db m86774) HM
Nebraska (Dawson County), Gothenburg — Original Pony Express Station1854
Erected on the Oregon Trail, four miles east of Fort McPherson, Lincoln County, Nebraska, and used as fur trading post and ranch house. 1860 – 61 Used as Pony Express Station. 1862 – 1931 Used as Overland Trail Stage Station, dwelling, bunk house and storage house on ‘96’ Ranch. 1931 Donated by Mrs. C.A. Williams to the City of Gothenburg, Nebraska. Moved from it’s original site and restored here by Gothenburg Post No. 64, American Legion. Dedicated to all pioneers who passed this . . . — Map (db m86773) HM
Nebraska (Dawson County), Gothenburg — The Pony Express
      This old station once stood on the upper 96 Ranch west of here and south of the Platte River, on the original Pony Express route. It was moved and restored by Gothenburg Post No. 64, American Legion. Erected by the Gothenburg Chamber of Commerce National Pont Express Centennial Association Dwight D. Eisenhower – Chairman       Waddell F. Smith - President — Map (db m86775) HM
Nebraska (Dawson County), Gothenburg — The Road to Zion
From the late 1840s through the 1860s, an exodus of more than 70,000 Mormons passed by here on their way to their “New Zion” in Utah. Starting from Nauvoo, Illinois in February 1846, the first group of at least 13,000 Mormons crossed into Iowa to escape religious persecution, then spent the next winter in the area of present-day Council Bluffs, Iowa and Omaha, Nebraska. In 1847, Brigham Young led an advance party of 143 men, 2 women, and 3 children along the Platte River. At Fort . . . — Map (db m86778) HM
Nebraska (Dawson County), Lexington — M2 Bradley Fighting VehicleHeartland Museum of Military Vehicles
This vehicle, not a true tank, is built by FMC Corporation. Named after General Omar Bradley, it first appeared in 1978. It is powered by a Cummins 500 hp, V-8, Diesel engine with a supercharger. The transmission is built by General Electric. The vehicle weighs approximately 49,000 pounds. It’s capable of more than 55 mph.

Armament consists of Hughes, M-242, 25 mm “Chain Gun” and two TOW wire guided antitank missiles. Crew consists of Driver, Commander, Gunner and six infantry . . . — Map (db m92688) HM

Nebraska (Dawson County), Lexington — M60A1 Main Battle TankHeartland Museum of Military Vehicles
This tank weighs 53 tons with crew and equipment. The armament is one 105 mm main gun, a 7.62, co-axial machine gun and a .50 caliber m85 machine gun on the commanders cupola. The hull and turret are homogeneous steel castings.

The tank is equipped with a mounted bulldozer M9 used to clear mines and other combat related earth moving. The main gun is in the rear “stowed” position.

Supported by a torsion bar suspension, the tank is powered by a 12 cylinder, air-cooled, . . . — Map (db m92690) WM

Nebraska (Deuel County), Big Springs — 114 — Big Springs
     The history of Big Springs, northeast of here, has been closely associated with the Union Pacific Railroad since 1867, when a station was established at that point. A nearby spring, from which the station derived its name, provided an abundant water supply for the railroad's steam locomotives.      On the night of September 18, 1877, Nebraska's most famous train robbery occurred at Big Springs. After capturing the station agent and destroying the telegraph, Sam Bass and five . . . — Map (db m68069) HM
Nebraska (Deuel County), Big Springs — 382 — Phelps Hotel
The Phelps Hotel was built in 1885 by the Edwin A. Phelps family, who were among the first settlers in the Big Springs area. Also known as the “House of Three Chimneys,” the hotel was the most important nineteenth-century landmark in Deuel County. It served as a house of worship when church services were held there, and it became the center of community activities and a haven for early land-seekers, travelers, and pioneers. The hotel is listed in the National Register of Historic Places. — Map (db m51249) HM
Nebraska (Deuel County), Big Springs — 37 — Sam Bass and the Big Springs Robbery
The first and greatest robbery of a Union Pacific train took place near here on the night of September 18, 1877. The legendary Sam Bass and five companions, after capturing John Barnhart, station-master, and destroying the telegraph, forced Union Pacific express train No. 4 to halt.

A reported $60,000 in new $20 gold pieces and currency was taken from the express car. While about a thousand dollars and a number of watches were taken from passengers. The accumulated loot from this, the Big . . . — Map (db m51231) HM

Nebraska (Deuel County), Big Springs — South Platte Station
[Pony Express medallion on top] 1860-61 South Platte Station 1.5 mi. directly south Erected to the intrepid riders and operators 1932 by Deuel Co. — Map (db m51252) HM
Nebraska (Deuel County), Big Springs — The Big Spring
Pioneers traveling west on the Oregon Trail discovered this spring that Plains Indians had frequented for centuries. It provided an oasis for man and beast alike in the “Great American Desert.’ In 1867, Union Pacific railroad workers named it “Big Spring”, and the area was officially designated “Big Springs” in 1884. During that era, a pipe was laid from the spring to the tracks. The water was used for steam locomotives until 1907. Meanwhile homesteaders enjoyed . . . — Map (db m51461) HM
Nebraska (Deuel County), Big Springs — 113 — The Great Platte River Road
     Since 1841, Nebraska's Platte River Valley has been the historic highway of westward migration. In this area, the Overland Trail divided into two branches, one which followed the north and the other the south forks of the river. Emigrants bound for Oregon or California crossed the South Platte near here and proceeded up the North Platte Valley past such milestones as Chimney Rock and Scott's Bluffs. After gold was discovered in the Rocky Mountains in 1859, an increasing number of . . . — Map (db m68070) HM
Nebraska (Deuel County), Big Springs — The Lone Tree
A replica of [the] cottonwood tree known as the Lone Tree Station ½ mile from this point. 18 feet in diameter over 100 years old. Said to be the largest from Omaha to Denver.

Landmark for Pony Express, Org. and Calif. Trails, Emigrants Overland Stage and railroads.

Evidence showed that Sam Bass gang after they heldup express train devided [sic] $60,000 and cooked their meal, this took place in 1877.

Known as Lovers Tree, children played under it, hit by lightning 3 times 1 . . . — Map (db m51250) HM

Nebraska (Deuel County), Big Springs — The Pony Express
[Map of the Pony Express route] From April 1860 until October 1861 the famed Pony Express riders passed along the south side of the Plate River south of Big Springs. Diamond Springs station was to the southeast. Frontz and Julesburg stations were to the southwest. Erected by George Johnson Post 275, American Legion, Big Springs [Vertical on left] 1860 - 1861 [Vertical on right] 1960 – 1861 National Pony Express Centennial Association Dwight D. Eisenhower – Chairman Waddell F. . . . — Map (db m51247) HM
Nebraska (Deuel County), Big Springs — 383 — Waterman Sod House
The Wallace W. and Libby King Waterman sod house, located nine miles north of here on the Day Road, was built about 1886. The original dwelling had three rooms. In 1925 it was enlarged and remodeled by Virgil and Helen Burke Waterman, and the sod walls were covered with concrete. The family lived in the house until 1989, and it was donated to the Deuel County Historical Society in 1993. The house is listed in the National Register of Historic Places. — Map (db m51246) HM
Nebraska (Deuel County), Chappell — 9 — Hughes’ Ranch Pony Express StationIn Search of the Pony Express Stations
This marker has text on both sides Dedicated October 4, 2003 Hughes’ Ranch Added Station July 1, 1861 - Nov. 20. 1861 by Deuel County Historical Society James Stretesky Sterling Monument Company Pony Express Trail Association Hughes’ Ranch was located on a true azimuth of 282 degrees and was 4,813 feet from this site. It was also called Nine Mile Station. It was not one of the original stations. The original stations were Overland City . . . — Map (db m79441) HM
Nebraska (Dixon County), Maskell — Mulberry Bend Scenic Overlook
This short trail leads to two overlooks that offer views of a natural, free-flowing segment of the Missouri River. Here, the river still meanders through the countryside much as it did in Lewis and Clark's day. At the first overlook, exhibits provide information about the Missouri National Recreational River and early American Indians who inhabited the region. At the uppermost overlook, exhibits interpret the river's hydrology, the surrounding forest, and a flood that devastated the town of . . . — Map (db m15114) HM
Nebraska (Dixon County), Maskell — The Great Missouri River
The Missouri, the continent's longest river, figures prominently in the unfolding of America's saga. Flowing nearby in its 2,341-mile course from the Rocky Mountains to the Mississippi, the Big Muddy is not only loaded with sediment but steeped in stories about American Indians, Lewis and Clark, fur traders and steamboat captains. The Missouri River's role in the settlement of the Great Plains is celebrated in two free-flowing portions that Congress set aside at Missouri National Recreational . . . — Map (db m15113) HM
Nebraska (Dodge County), Fremont — Dodge County Veterans MemorialAll Gave Some • Some Gave All
In honor and memory of all men and women who served in the Armed Forces of the United States of America God Bless America Thank You Dodge County Veterans Dedicated August 15, 1998 — Map (db m58552) WM
Nebraska (Dodge County), Fremont — Fremont's First City-Owned Parking LotNov. 14, 1964
Dedicated in memory of George F. Wolz — Map (db m53141) HM
Nebraska (Dodge County), Fremont — 117 — Mormon Pioneer Trail
The Mormon Pioneer Trail from Nauvoo, Illinois to the Rocky Mountains passed here April 17, 1847. In this vicinity a military-type organization was formed with Brigham Young, Lieutenant General; Stephen Markham, Colonel; John Pack and Shadrach Roundy, Majors, and Captains of Hundreds, Fifties and Tens. In the Company were 143 men, 3 women, and 2 boys. The pioneers reached the valley of the Great Salt Lake July 24, 1847. Between that date and 1869, when the railroad reached Utah, . . . — Map (db m58566) HM
Nebraska (Dodge County), Fremont — Overland Emigrant Trails
This boulder marks the Overland Emigrant Trails through Fremont to Oregon, California, Utah and Colorado Erected Setp. 23, 1912 — Map (db m58554) HM
Nebraska (Dodge County), Fremont — Union Depot1886 — Union Pacific Blazes Trail to Future
The Union Pacific reached Fremont in 1866. The new Union Depot was erected at a cost of $50,000 and gave the approach to the city a dignified and completed appearance, with its winding gravel walks, grass and flower plots and wide frontage. As a center for some 23 passenger trains and 36 daily mails, with an even larger number of freights, the necessity of good depot accommodations was readily seen. When the handsome new Union Depot was erected, the Union Pacific Railroad realized the . . . — Map (db m58553) HM
Nebraska (Douglas County), Florence — A Little Town That Dreamed of Greatness
Florence was born after the 1854 Kansas-Nebraska Act opened lands west of the Missouri River to speculators and settlers. Build on the grounds of Winter Quarters, founder James C. Mitchell named the new town after his granddaughter, Florence Kilbourne. The little town dreamed of greatness, hoping fora bridge across the Missouri River and a railroad. Florence was even the Capitol of Nebraska Territory for one glorious week, January 9-16, 1858.

The town prospered as a supplier of goods and . . . — Map (db m90576) HM

Nebraska (Douglas County), Florence — A Meeting House for the Saints
Forced to leave their homes along the Mississippi, the Mormons began arriving in the Missouri River Valley in June of 1846. By September, nearly 4,000 refugees had begun to settle in for the winter - laying out blocks and streets, building cabins for shelter, a grist mill (see across the intersection to your right) and a town hall. "Winter Quarters", as it was called, had two main streets with 38 blocks, each containing 20 lots covered with crude shelters, tents, dugouts and log . . . — Map (db m90578) HM
Nebraska (Douglas County), Florence — From Indian Lands to the Golden Gate
Florence was a small town with a big history. The Oto, Missouri, and Omaha Indians lived and hunted here. Frenchmen, Canadians and Spaniards traded along the Missouri river. Lewis and Clark's Corps of Discovery made their first contact with Indians near N.P. Dodge Park in 1804 and arranged for an official Council a few miles up the river.

The Lewis and Clark Expedition opened the area to American fur traders. Pioneers followed soon after. The first to migrate through here were the . . . — Map (db m90529) HM

Nebraska (Douglas County), Florence — 130 — Mormon Pioneer Memorial Bridge
This Bridge is on the Mormon Pioneer Trail from Nauvoo, Illinois, to the Rocky Mountains. Driven from their homes by mobs, many of the dispossessed Mormon people crossed the Mississippi River on the ice in February, 1846. From these refugees five hundred volunteers for the Mexican War left here on the longest infantry march in recorded history.

Winter Quarters was established on the west bank of the Missouri River, and a ferry was operated at this site. Six hundred of these people - . . . — Map (db m90469) HM

Nebraska (Douglas County), Florence — 50 — The Bank of Florence
The Bank of Florence was chartered by the Nebraska Territorial legislature on January 18, 1856. It was located in this substantial building, constructed during the same year. Sheet steel one quarter inch thick, shipped by river steamboat from Pennsylvania steel mills, was used in conjunction with three foot thick masonry to build the vault.

The bank was owned and operate by the respected Iowa financial firm of Cook and Sargent. it played an important role in the aspiration of the town . . . — Map (db m90468) HM

Nebraska (Douglas County), Florence — 81 — The Florence Mill
The Florence Mill, one of the earliest in Nebraska, was constructed by the Mormons at Winter Quarters during the winter of 1846-1847. Supplying both flour and lumber, the water-powered mill enabled the Mormons to cope more readily with the adverse conditions encountered during their stay in Nebraska. In 1847-1848 groups of Mormons began to leave this area for the Salt Lake Valley, and as a result, Winter Quarters and the mill were abandoned.

In 1856, Alexander Hunter began to operate this . . . — Map (db m90460) HM

Nebraska (Douglas County), Florence — The Florence Mill1846
On this lot stands the old mill build during the westward migration of the Mormons. Purchased by Jacob Weber in 1860. Now owned by his descendants. — Map (db m90461) HM
Nebraska (Douglas County), Florence — The Mormon Pioneer Trail
Fleeing heated religious and political hostility and persecution, many members of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (widely known as Mormons) abruptly fled their homes in Nauvoo, Illinois in February 1846. Unprepared for the cold of winter, these pioneers traveled 265 agonizing miles in four months. Heavy spring rains that year turned the rolling plains of southern Iowa into quagmire of axle-deep mud. Sheer exhaustion and a lack of provisions continually hampered their efforts . . . — Map (db m90577) HM
Nebraska (Douglas County), Florence — The Road to Zion
From the late 1840s through the 1860s, an exodus of more than 70,000 Mormons passed by here on their way to their "New Zion" in Utah. Starting from Nauvoo, Illinois in February 1846, the first group of at least 13,000 Mormons crossed into Iowa to escape religious persecution, then spent the next winter in the area of present-day Council Bluffs, Iowa and Omaha, Nebraska.

In 1847, Brigham Young led an advance party of 143 men, 2 women, and 3 children along the Platte River. At Fort Bridger, . . . — Map (db m90464) HM

Nebraska (Douglas County), Florence — 19 — Winter Quarters
Here in 1846 an oppressed people fleeing from a vengeful mob found a haven in the wilderness. Winter Quarters, established under the direction of the Mormon leader Brigham Young, sheltered more than 3,000 people during the winter of 1846-1847. Housed in log cabins, sod houses and dugouts, they lacked adequate provisions. When spring arrived more than six hundred of the faithful lay buried in the cemetery on the hill. Winter Quarters became the administration center of a great religious . . . — Map (db m90527) HM
Nebraska (Douglas County), Omaha — "Among the Valiant"
American servicemen have displayed exemplary courage in all our nation's wars. They have sacrificed their time, their energy, given their blood and thousands their lives, to help keep America free. This flag is a special tribute to the Medal of Honor recipients from Omaha and Douglas County, men who have shown uncommon valor in the service of their country. Parle, John Joseph Ens., USNR, Sicily • 10 July 1943 Gomez, Edward PFC, USMCR, Korea • 14 Sept. 1951 Hibbs, Robert . . . — Map (db m35168) WM
Nebraska (Douglas County), Omaha — Capt. Lewis...will...give us accounts of new things onlyThomas Jefferson, February 28, 1803
Between 1804 and 1806, the Corps of Discovery traveled from St. Louis, Missouri, to the Pacific coast and back. President Jefferson instructed Meriwether Lewis to collect information on "the soil & face of the country, [its] growth & vegetable productions...the animals of the country generally, especially those not of the U.S." In fulfilling these instructions, members of the Expedition were the first to describe for science 122 animals and 178 plants. The explorers' written descriptions . . . — Map (db m72050) HM
Nebraska (Douglas County), Omaha — endeavor to make yourself acquainted...with...the nationsThomas Jefferson's instructions to Meriwether Lewis, June 20, 1803
In August 1804, members of the Expedition visited villages like this one, homes to the Otoe and Missouria who lived in what is today Omaha. Planning to invite these tribes to a council, or meeting, the explorers found the villages deserted. The tribes had left to hunt buffalo. Through their journeys, the men of the Expedition held formal councils with the tribes they met. Jefferson instructed the explorers to make themselves "acquainted...with...the nations," to note the "articles of . . . — Map (db m72049) HM
Nebraska (Douglas County), Omaha — Nature exerted herself to butify the SeneryWilliam Clark, July 4, 1804
The tallgrass prairies of Nebraska stood in stark contrast to the forested homelands of the explorers. Dense grasses, some taller than a man, covered the land. Lewis and Clark noted beauty in the vast reaches of waist-high grarsses, a beauty beyond picturesque scenery. Lush grasses suggested fertile soils and the promise of bountiful farmlands for a growing country. Today, these promises fulfilled, less than one percent of the original tallgrass prairie remains to inspire us as it did Lewis and Clark. — Map (db m72048) HM
Nebraska (Douglas County), Omaha — the Council was heldSergeant Charles Floyd, August 3, 1804
Near here, the Corps of Discovery held its first council, making speeches and presenting gifts to the Otoe and Missouria. Communicating through an interpreter, members of the Expedition believed their messages were clear. But were they? This meeting was the first of many formal and informal exchanges between members of the Expedition and tribes along the trail. The Expedition crossed the territories of more than 100 American Indian tribes. Oral tradition, passed from generation to . . . — Map (db m72057) HM
Nebraska (Douglas County), Omaha — Westwardly by the WatersAlbert Gallatin letter to Thomas Jefferson, April 13, 1803
In 1803 the Missouri River carried the hopes of the young United States in its dark and unpredictable waters. President Thomas Jefferson sought a "direct & practicable water communication across the continent, for the purposes of commerce." The Missouri River would be a corridor to increased American trade and wealth. Traveling west against the current, the Expedition entered the lands of the recently acquired Louisiana Purchase. Along this watery path, the explorers would meet the . . . — Map (db m72059) HM
Nebraska (Douglas County), Omaha — A River of Change
The Missouri River is the longest river in the United States. It stretches 2,341 miles from its headwaters at Three Forks, Montana, to where it meets the Mississippi River at St. Louis, Missouri. Its watershed covers one-sixth of the United States, encompassing 530,000 square miles of land. Known as the Big Muddy, the Missouri River is no longer the mighty force it once was. Each spring, when snow melted and rain fell on the Great Plains, the river would rise and carve a new course . . . — Map (db m72062) HM
Nebraska (Douglas County), Omaha — A River of Hope
A river forever changed by the power of humans flows beneath this bridge. For more than a century, man has worked to tame the natural cycles of the Missouri River and exploit its power. There are benefits. Dams hold back floodwaters that once threatened bottom land farmers and residents of Omaha, Council Bluffs and other towns along its banks. A narrow and deep navigation channel was created to make barge shipping more efficient. Stable water levels assured communities along the river a . . . — Map (db m72066) HM
Nebraska (Douglas County), Omaha — Alfred Sorenson1850 - 1939
Alfred Sorenson, the doyen of Omaha newspapermen, was a picturesque figure familiar around Omaha. His varied career led him to seek the offices of U.S. Senator twice and Congressman once. He was unsuccessful all three times, but remarked that he did it merely for "the joy of running and advertising." Mr. Sorenson was born near Milwaukee, Wisconsin, educated at Racine College, and then graduated from Harvard Law School in 1870. He came to Omaha in 1871, joined the Omaha Bee, and in . . . — Map (db m58237) HM
Nebraska (Douglas County), Omaha — Andrew Jackson Poppleton(1830 - 1896)
Andrew was born on July 25, 1830, in Oakland County, Michigan, one of seven children, and was reared on a farm. His father, William, had served in the Continental Army during the American Revolution. Andrew attended the University of Michigan, and in 1851 graduated from Union College in Schenectady, New York. He was admitted to the bar in 1852 and practiced law in Detroit until he came to Omaha in October of 1854. He was married in 1855 to Caroline Sears; they had 3 children. Before 1857, . . . — Map (db m58201) HM
Nebraska (Douglas County), Omaha — Anheuser-Busch Beer Depot 1887The Old Market Historic Walking Tour
Omaha was a rich brew of immigrants, and many brought with them a well-developed taste for hops, giving rise to a half-dozen local breweries in the late 19th century. In 1887, Anheuser-Busch of St. Louis built a distribution complex in Omaha, designed by Henry Voss in the Romanesque style. The existing office building is all that remains of four buildings, which also included a stable, the bottling department, and a combination beer vault and icehouse. The complex had a refrigeration capacity . . . — Map (db m35267) HM
Nebraska (Douglas County), Omaha — Baum Iron Company Building 1880The Old Market Historic Walking Tour
This building has carried the Baum Iron name since the company purchased and occupied the property in 1905. Baum Iron Company was established in 1857 and was originally across the street. At one time this firm was the largest wholesaler of iron products in the Midwest, dealing in iron, steel, and heavy hardware, and doing business in Colorado, Iowa, Kansas, Nebraska, Utah, and Wyoming. The cast iron storefront for the structure in the Italianate style was made in St. Louis and assembled on . . . — Map (db m31368) HM
Nebraska (Douglas County), Omaha — Birthsite of Gerald R. Ford
38th President of the United States “My fellow Americans, our long national nightmare is over. Our Constitution works. Our Great Republic is a government of laws and not of men. Here, the People rule…” President Ford’s Inaugural Address August 9, 1974 President Gerald R. Ford visited this site during construction May 7, 1976 and personally dedicated it to the People of Omaha Sept. 21, 1977 [Roll of U.S. Presidents] — Map (db m58089) HM
Nebraska (Douglas County), Omaha — Boys Town Veterans Memorial
Dedicated to Boys Town's sons & daughters who have served their country in the Armed Forces July 1991 Honoring Boys Town Alumni who gave the Ultimate Sacrifice Ask not what your country can do for you ask what you can do for your country — Map (db m58573) HM
Nebraska (Douglas County), Omaha — 447 — Buffalo Bill at the Trans-Mississippi and International Exposition and Indian Congress of 1898
William F. “Buffalo Bill” Cody held the first official performance of his Wild West show just half a mile northeast of here on May 19, 1883. Eight thousand people attended the premiere at the Omaha Driving Park near Eighteenth and Sprague streets. That site later featured a local wild west show as part of Omaha's 1898 Trans-Mississippi Exposition. Cody brought his Wild West back to Omaha for the exposition, and August 31 was designated “Cody Day.” Buffalo Bill had become . . . — Map (db m33040) HM
Nebraska (Douglas County), Omaha — 30 — Capitol Hill
This site on Capitol Hill was for a decade the location of Nebraska's second territorial capitol. The building was erected here in 1857 and 1858 and served until the seat of government was removed to Lincoln in 1868. Acting-Governor Cuming designated Omaha as the Capital of Nebraska Territory by convening the First Territorial Legislature in Omaha on January 16, 1855. It met in a small two story brick building donated by the Council Bluffs and Nebraska Ferry Company and located on Ninth . . . — Map (db m33415) HM
Nebraska (Douglas County), Omaha — 428 — Captain William Clark and Private Reuben Field
On July 27, 1804, Lewis and Clark's Corps of Discovery left their “White Catfish” camp and proceeded up the Missouri River. After traveling some distance, Clark “took one man R. Field and walked on Shore with a View of Examoning Som mounds” on the Nebraska side. He found the mounds “of Deffirent hight Shape & Size, Som Composed of Sand Some earth & sand....all of which covered about 200 acres.” The mounds may have been the remains of earthlodges, which served . . . — Map (db m32964) HM
Nebraska (Douglas County), Omaha — 220 — Central High School
The first session of Omaha High School, now Central High School, was held on November 10, 1859, in Nebraska's territorial capitol on Ninth Street between Douglas and Farnam. Following the removal of the territorial government from Omaha, Nebraska's last territorial capitol at Twentieth and Dodge Streets was donated to the city by the state in 1869 for educational use. The old building, declared unsafe, was razed in 1870 and replaced by a red-brick, four-story structure in 1872. The first class . . . — Map (db m33252) HM
Nebraska (Douglas County), Omaha — Congregation of Israel - 1884
Jews have been part of Nebraska’s social, economic and political life since the mid 1800’s. It was not until 1871 that the small Jewish community in Omaha grew large enough to organize and formally found Congregation of Israel. On Sept. 9, 1884, Congregation of Israel, dedicated the first permanent Jewish house of worship in the State of Nebraska, near this site, at 2320 Harney Str. In 1908, the growing congregation built and moved to a new house of worship at Park Ave. & . . . — Map (db m40743) HM
Nebraska (Douglas County), Omaha — 210 — Crook House
On April 27, 1875, General George A. Crook assumed command of the Department of the Platte, which then included Iowa, Nebraska, Wyoming, Utah, and part of Montana and Idaho. When the headquarters was shifted from downtown Omaha to Fort Omaha (Omaha Barracks) in 1878, Crook first lived in wooden quarters. An Army authorization for new quarters was approved on June 18, 1878, and this two-story brick structure, Italianate in style, was completed in 1879. The use of troop labor reduced its cost to . . . — Map (db m33113) HM
Nebraska (Douglas County), Omaha — Dundee Memorial Park Streetcar Wall
Dundee, Omaha's first suburb, was connected to downtown by the streetcar. Dundee was literally the end-of-the-line. The streetcars reversed their course just west of this site. In 1891, a steam driven "trolley" and then a horse-drawn car brought people free of charge to the new neighborhood. In 1892, the line changed to electricity and began to charge a nickel for the ride downtown. The streetcar's reliable transportation to jobs and shopping helped the neighborhood grow. During the 1950s, . . . — Map (db m58356) HM
Nebraska (Douglas County), Omaha — Father Flanagan Historic House
This property has been placed on the National Register of Historic Places by the United States Department of the Interior — Map (db m58484) HM
Nebraska (Douglas County), Omaha — 226 — Father Flanagan's Boys' Home(The Original "Boys Town")
Boys Town was founded as a home and school for homeless, abandoned, neglected or otherwise underprivileged boys, regardless of color or creed, by Father Edward J. Flanagan (1886-1948) on December 10, 1917. The first Father Flanagan's Boy's Home at 25th and Dodge Streets in Omaha, Nebraska, sheltered five boys...three from the Juvenile Court and two homeless newsboys. On October 17, 1921, Father Flanagan brought Overlook Farm outside Omaha, nucleus of today's Boys Town campus. From here . . . — Map (db m53109) HM
Nebraska (Douglas County), Omaha — First Lady Betty Ford
Betty Ford personally dedicated this Rose Garden to the People of Omaha July 12, 1980 — Map (db m58062) HM
Nebraska (Douglas County), Omaha — First Mass in Omaha
This plaque commemorates the First Holy Sacrifice of the Mass celebrated in Omaha Nebraska - May 14, 1855 by Father William Emonds Erected May 1959 — Map (db m35184) HM
Nebraska (Douglas County), Omaha — First National Bank BuildingGraham, Burnham & Co. — Constructed 1916
Has been listed in the National Register of Historic Places by the United States Department of the Interior — Map (db m78478) HM
Nebraska (Douglas County), Omaha — Fort Lisa
Built near this site in 1807 by Manuel Lisa, trader and indian commissioner, through whose influence the Omaha, Pawnee, Ponca, Otoe and Sioux tribes remained loyal to the United States during the War of 1812. — Map (db m7892) HM
Nebraska (Douglas County), Omaha — 75 — Fort Omaha
A military post was first established here in 1868 and named Sherman Barracks after the famous Civil War general, William Tecumseh Sherman. The post's name was soon changed to Omaha Barracks and, in 1878, to Fort Omaha. In 1879, General George Crook, noted Indian fighter and head (1875-1882, 1886-1888) of the Army's Department of the Platte, occupied a new brick home here, which is still standing.
By the late 1880's, the 80-some acres of Fort Omaha had become insufficient for the Army's . . . — Map (db m33057) HM
Nebraska (Douglas County), Omaha — 4 — Fort Omaha Balloon SchoolFort Omaha Walking Tour
Until after World War I, no other method equaled a soldier’s ability to send intelligence information directly to the ground by telephone from an observation balloon. Fort Omaha entered America’s balloon and aviation history in April 1909 when the first free balloon, inflated with hydrogen gas, started a journey with Captain Charles Chandler, pilot, and Lieutenant J. Ware, passenger. They made a good landing in Iowa but lost the bag when a static discharge set it on fire. The army soon . . . — Map (db m58151) HM
Nebraska (Douglas County), Omaha — 10 — Fort Omaha Fire StationFort Omaha Walking Tour
Originally a filtration plant constructed in 1912, this building was remodeled and enlarged to become the Post Exchange Building in 1923. All incoming or outgoing calls, whether emergency or routine, would pass through the Post switchboard housed here. The building’s capacity for handling emergencies was enhanced when it became the Post fire station. The framework of a previous double doorway on the south end of the building shows remodeling to accommodate fire equipment. In addition, for . . . — Map (db m58118) HM
Nebraska (Douglas County), Omaha — 8 — Fort Omaha GuardhouseFort Omaha Walking Tour
To maintain discipline among a large garrison, Fort Omaha commanders strictly followed the military code of the frontier era. Facing occasional problems with drunkenness, insubordination, fighting and desertion, officers were quick to punish offenders before disorder spread. Minor infractions of regulations usually were handled within the company by assigning extra work detail or restricting soldiers to their quarters. More serious offenders were subject to heavy fines, pay stoppages, long . . . — Map (db m58122) HM
Nebraska (Douglas County), Omaha — 14 — Fort Omaha Headquarters BuildingFort Omaha Walking Tour
Constructed in 1906, this double barracks building housed noncommissioned officers of the U.S. Army Signal Corps, which had reactivated Fort Omaha in 1905. During World War I, this building served as South Post Headquarters for the Army’s first balloon training school. In 1929 it became Staff Officers Headquarters of the Seventh Corps Area. Between 1933 and the end of World War II, the building served the dual roles of barracks and Post Commissary. In 1947 the Army transferred command of . . . — Map (db m58106) HM
Nebraska (Douglas County), Omaha — 13 — Fort Omaha HospitalFort Omaha Walking Tour
Maintaining the health and well-being of soldiers at Fort Omaha was accomplished only after overcoming serious obstacles. One such obstacle was the shortage of potable water. By 1869 only two of the Fort’s wells were considered safe for drinking. The failure of newly dug wells resulted in the use of cistern water, and daily fatigue duty included the hauling and distribution of water. Weather permitting, men would bathe in the nearby Missouri River. The first hospital, constructed on the . . . — Map (db m58090) HM
Nebraska (Douglas County), Omaha — 6 — Fort Omaha Knights of Columbus Assembly HallFort Omaha Walking Tour
During World War I, citizen participation in relief and aid societies was exceptional across America. Omaha’s Red Cross chapter led all cities in the country in per capita membership. In addition to the Red Cross providing a canteen at Fort Omaha, the Knights of Columbus and the YMCA both constructed recreation halls for soldiers. The YMCA began its work in 1917, and the Knights of Columbus in 1918. They provided athletic games, educational classes, lectures, musical entertainment, picture . . . — Map (db m58149) HM
Nebraska (Douglas County), Omaha — 3 — Fort Omaha Officers RowFort Omaha Walking Tour
Built in 1906, Fort Omaha’s “Officers Row” typifies the architecture appropriate for officers’ residences on an army post in the early 20th century. Large and impressively formal, the houses lack elaborate exterior decoration characteristic of residences of similar size which prosperous civilians built throughout Omaha. The simplicity of Officers Row expresses government and taxpayer pressure to keep within budget limitations. The restrained classic lines of each house reflects . . . — Map (db m58156) HM
Nebraska (Douglas County), Omaha — 9 — Fort Omaha Post Exchange and GymnasiumFort Omaha Walking Tour
In 1880, nearly a dozen years after Fort Omaha was established, indoor hot and cold water bathing facilities were installed – three shower rooms for enlisted men and one for officers. By the end of the 19th century a new attitude towards the health and welfare of soldiers prevailed. Men eagerly seized opportunities to compete in gymnastics, baseball, basketball and tennis. During World War I, community interest in the Balloon School resulted in the construction of a YMCA canteen at . . . — Map (db m58120) HM
Nebraska (Douglas County), Omaha — 12 — Fort Omaha Quartermaster DepotFort Omaha Walking Tour
Even after the 1869 completion of the transcontinental railroad, the Army relied on mules and wagons to outfit its isolated posts. The Department of the Platte, headquartered at Fort Omaha, paid over $700,000 to acquire and transport troops and freight. Most of the freight, often purchased from Omaha businessmen, passed through the Omaha Quartermaster Depot. Supplies for the 1876 Little Big Horn campaign against the Sioux moved up the Missouri River from Omaha to General Crook in Wyoming. . . . — Map (db m58107) HM
Nebraska (Douglas County), Omaha — Gallagher Building1888
has been placed on the National Register of Historic Places by the United States Department of the Interior — Map (db m58000) HM
Nebraska (Douglas County), Omaha — 2 — General Crook's Headquarters at Fort OmahaFort Omaha Walking Tour
Upon the recommendation of Lt. General William T. Sherman, in 1866 the Adjutant General’s office created the Department of the Platte which included present-day Iowa, Nebraska, Wyoming, Utah, Montana and a portion of southeastern Idaho. As departmental headquarters, Fort Omaha presided over supply and administration posts across this territory and coordinated campaigns against the Sioux, Northern Cheyenne, Nez Perce and Ute. In 1870 the War Department authorized 14 permanent posts under . . . — Map (db m58154) HM
Nebraska (Douglas County), Omaha — Hanscom Park Flower Garden
Land for Hanscom Park was donated in 1872 by Andrew J. Hanscom and James Megeath. Improvements including flower beds, lakes, cascades and fountains greatly changed the site’s rugged character. In time, the park was referred to as “one of the four most beautiful parks in the United States.” The flower garden and original greenhouse date back to the early 1890’s. The 1892 Park Commissioner’s Report related that “a belt of pine trees was planted on the northwest side of . . . — Map (db m57998) HM
Nebraska (Douglas County), Omaha — Hanscom Park Lagoon
Hanscom Park, Omaha’s oldest remaining park, was designed by landscape architect H.W.S. Cleveland in 1889. Early improvements were described in the 1898 Park Commissioner’s Report: “Two lakes, a cascade, extensive flower beds, two and one-half miles of macadamized roadway, fountains and a magnificent growth of forest trees make this the only finished park in the city.” It was “the most beautiful of our parks located in the center of the most fashionable and highest-priced . . . — Map (db m57979) HM
Nebraska (Douglas County), Omaha — 287 — Historic Prospect Hill -- Omaha's Pioneer Cemetery
Founded in 1858 by Byron Reed, early Omaha real estate developer and financier, Prospect Hill is the final resting place for over 15,000 citizens. While burial permit #1 was issued for Territorial Legislator Alonzo Salisbury on October 4, 1858, many were already buried here in the Cedar Hills and Omaha City Cemeteries, parts of which are within today's Prospect Hill boundaries. Many prominent Omahans lie here. They gave their names to Omaha streets, schools and churches, and to many . . . — Map (db m53108) HM
Nebraska (Douglas County), Omaha — 1 — History of Fort OmahaFort Omaha Walking Tour
As a result of a major confrontation from 1866-1868 between the U.S. Army and the Lakota (Sioux), the U.S. government signed a treaty agreeing that the Army would abandon several posts along the Bozeman Trail. By this time, the Union Pacific had also reached the Rockies, so the Army began planning for a single post to replace those abandoned. The new post would be a place where troops could be wintered and sent out by rail whenever needed. Recognizing the potential for economic growth, . . . — Map (db m58157) HM
Nebraska (Douglas County), Omaha — J.P. Cooke Building 1885-1889The Old Market Historic Walking Tour
Omaha's first municipal swimming pool, "The New Natatorium," originated in the basement of the westernmost of these three buildings; and vestiges of it can still be seen there. The ornamental work at the building's top announces that E. Homan Thayer constructed it in 1889. The cast iron facade is considered a classic, and the immense windows suggest the then-contemporary development of the curtain wall and skyscraper in Chicago. Skinner Manufacturing's first plant was located here briefly in . . . — Map (db m35190) HM
Nebraska (Douglas County), Omaha — James G. Megeath1824 - 1906
Born in Virginia in 1824, James Megeath was the eldest of 10 children. By age 20, he had become a cattle and sheep trader. Struck by gold fever, he went to Calaveras County, California, in 1851, operating a general merchantise store for three years. Enroute back to Virginia in 1854, he visited Omaha and saw its potential for the future. By 1857, he was operating a general merchandise store in Omaha with his brother, Samuel, and his brother-in-law, W. S. Richards, becoming sole owner by 1867. . . . — Map (db m58234) HM
Nebraska (Douglas County), Omaha — James M. Woolworth1829 - 1906
Born in 1829 in Onondaga County, New York, Mr. Woolworth graduated with high honors from Hamilton College in 1849, and took up the study of law. After two years practicing in Syracuse, New York, he determined to go west and locate in the new community of Omaha City, Nebraska Territory, arriving on October 31, 1856. A successful attorney, he became the first Omaha City attorney in 1859, following the city's incorporation. Also involved in politics, he served in the Nebraska Territorial . . . — Map (db m58345) HM
Nebraska (Douglas County), Omaha — Jan Rosicky1845 - 1910

Bohemian patriot and journalist who sincerely labored for the elevation and liberty of his countrymen.

To live in hearts we leave behind, is not to die. — Map (db m83239) HM

Nebraska (Douglas County), Omaha — Johan and Sophia Ahmanson(1827 - 1891) and (18? - 1894)
Johan Ahmanson was born on April 7, 1827, in Smaland, Sweden. At age six he was taken to live with a farmer, for whom he worked until age eighteen. He became a master bookbinder and emigrated to Denmark in 1849. There he was recruited by the Mormons, who sent him to Norway as a missionary. While in jail there for his religious activities, the jailer's daughter, Greta Sophia Fielstad, fell in love with him. Upon his release from jail, she followed him to Copenhagen, where they married in 1853. . . . — Map (db m58207) HM
Nebraska (Douglas County), Omaha — John Pierrre Cabanne's
John Pierre Cabanne's pioneer fur-trading post was 385 feet southeast of this spot. — Map (db m7893) HM
Nebraska (Douglas County), Omaha — John Wesley Nichols1839 - 1910
John Wesley Nichols was born January 28, 1839, in Crawford County, Pennsylvania, to Samuel and Katharine Maxwell Nichols. Little is known of his early years. In 1860 he married Sarah Elizabeth Dearborn, also born in Crawford County. Nichols joined the Union Army on August 15, 1862, and served as a private in Captain Huidekoper's Company, subsequently Co. K, 150th Regiment Pennsylvania Infantry, also known as "The President's Bodyguard." He was mustered out with the company and honorably . . . — Map (db m58277) HM
Nebraska (Douglas County), Omaha — Joseph Francis Bauman1822 - 1876
Born in Germany, Joseph Francis Bauman came to Omaha in the early 1860s. Like many others, he may have been escaping the wars that plagued Central Europe at that time. In 1863, with his partner John Green, he purchased a brewery from a Mr. McCombe that occupied nearly all the block from 6th to 7th and Leavenworth Streets. Brewing beer to serve the thirsty settlers was big business in the frontier town. In 1864, he sold the company to Metz & Brothers, who later moved their operation to 3rd and . . . — Map (db m58338) HM
Nebraska (Douglas County), Omaha — Labor

This monument, titled Labor, is a salute to the dedication and hard work of all those who built the grand city of Omaha. It is a tribute to the men and women who worked for and continue to forge a better life for themselves, their families and their community. The monument is a reminder of what men and women of all walks of life can accomplish by working together. Their commitment will never be forgotten.

Inspired by Terry Moore, President of the Omaha Federation of Labor, . . . — Map (db m83300) HM

Nebraska (Douglas County), Omaha — 340 — Lewis and Clark CampsiteJuly 27, 1804
At the camp established very near here Captain Clark wrote about the "butifull Breeze from the N W. this evening which would have been verry agreeable, had the Misquiters been tolerably Pacifick, but thy were rageing all night." Clark may have exaggerated when he noted that the mosquitoes were as big as house flies. They would continue to plague the explorers until winter. That evening Clark and Ruben Fields "walked on Shore with a View of examoning Som mounds." Although the mounds were . . . — Map (db m7886) HM
Nebraska (Douglas County), Omaha — 310 — Malcolm “X”
El-Hajj Malik El-Shabazz was born Malcolm Little at University Hospital in Omaha, Nebraska, May 19, 1925. He was the son of Earl and Louise Little, 3448 Pinkney Street. Reverend Little helped organize the Universal Negro Improvement Association. After threats by night riders, the family moved to Milwaukee and later to Michigan, where Reverend Little allegedly was murdered. During his mother's illness, Malcolm was sent to Boston, then to New York, where he committed burglary. While serving a six . . . — Map (db m33050) HM
Nebraska (Douglas County), Omaha — Millard Block 1880-1881The Old Market Historic Walking Tour
Omaha capitalist Ezra Millard, a former mayor of Omaha and the man for whom a western suburb was named, erected the four-story Millard Block in 1880-81. The first tenants were Tootle, Maul & Co., wholesale dry goods; Reed, Jones & Co., boots and shoes; and W.L. Parrotte & Co., hats and caps. But by the beginning of the 20th century, the busy factory of the F.P. Kirkendall Boot Company was established here. It was once the world's largest producer of riding boots, supplying them to such . . . — Map (db m35273) HM
Nebraska (Douglas County), Omaha — Missouri River FloodJune 2011 - September 2011

Matthew Placzek's Labor Monument Became the Symbol of the 2011 Flood.

The 2011 Missouri River Flood was triggered by record snowfall in the Rocky Mountains of Montana and Wyoming and near record spring rainfall in the upper Missouri River Basin. High water levels threatened communities of all sizes along the river from Montana to northwestern Missouri, including Omaha. The flood forced the closing of several Missouri River traffic crossings in the flooded corridor and closed or . . . — Map (db m83302) HM

Nebraska (Douglas County), Omaha — Morse Coe BuildingThe Old Market Historic Walking Tour
Architects Findley and Shields designed this five-story brick, built in 1892-93 for $40,000. Footwear wholesalers W.V. Morse & Co. and Charles A. Coe and Company combined to manufacture a thousand shoes daily here, with sales focused on the western half of the country. By 1900, Morse had taken over the business and used the first three floors for wholesale boot business and rented the upper floors to the Byrne and Hammer Dry Goods Company for the manufacture of textiles. Throughout the years, . . . — Map (db m35266) HM
Nebraska (Douglas County), Omaha — Msgr. Edward Joseph FlanaganLeabeg, Ballymoe — 13 July 1886 - 15 May 1948
Founder of Boys Town Omaha, Nebraska, U.S.A. "The work will continue, you see, whether I am there or not, because it is God's work, not mine." Msgr. Edward J. Flanagan Mol an oige agus tiocfaidh si Ni neart go cur le cheile Unveiled by Fr. Val Peter Executive Director 5th October 2002 Sculptor - Fred Hoppe Nebraska U.S.A. — Map (db m58482) HM
Nebraska (Douglas County), Omaha — 5 — Observation Balloon Training at Fort OmahaFort Omaha Walking Tour
After nine years of inactivity, Fort Omaha reopened in 1905 as a school for noncommissioned Signal Corps officers. A structure to house the army’s only dirigible (balloon airship) was completed in 1908, and the first dirigible flew in April 1909. Four years later all personnel and property were transferred to Fort Leavenworth. Under threat of world war, Fort Omaha was reactivated in 1916 to house a Balloon School led by Captain Charles Chandler. In 1919 Florence Field, 119 acres about . . . — Map (db m58150) HM
Nebraska (Douglas County), Omaha — 155 — Omaha
Buried here at Ak-Sar-Ben is Omaha, one of the immortals of the American turf. His sire Gallant Fox was the 1930 winner of the Triple Crown, and Omaha succeeded him to this title in 1935. To win the Triple Crown a three-year-old must win the Kentucky Derby, Preakness, and Belmont Stakes. They are the only father-son combination to achieve this honor. Omaha was foaled March 24, 1932, at Claiborne Breeding Farm in Paris, Kentucky. He was owned by William G. Woodward's famed Belair Stud. The . . . — Map (db m66486) HM
Nebraska (Douglas County), Omaha — Omaha Centennial
To commemorate the sturdy pioneers who in 1854 crossed the Missouri River to establish the Town of Omaha, more than 500 committee members and several thousand of the city's quarter-million citizens one hundred years later conducted a twelve-month centennial celebration. Proud of the heritage passed to them through three generations of devout, home-loving people these patriots, in a colorful and varied program of public events, dedicated themselves and their posterity to the high endeavor of . . . — Map (db m88602) HM
Nebraska (Douglas County), Omaha — Omaha Firefighters MemorialHonor • Tradition
As pioneers settled in small towns and villages across Nebraska, the shout of “Fire” summoned fear and panic in every person who heard it. If they were lucky, bucket brigades could save part of a burning building and its surrounding structures. By 1860, seven years before Nebraska became a state, the Pioneer Hook and Ladder Company was established to keep the City of Omaha safe in case of fire. These dedicated volunteers went from using hand-drawn to horse-drawn fire wagons and . . . — Map (db m58037) HM
Nebraska (Douglas County), Omaha — Omaha Firehouse 1903-1904The Old Market Historic Walking Tour
In 1903, George Fisher and Harry Lawrie designed Fire Substation No. 1 in the then-popular Chateauesque style. The gabled third floor gave the building the look of a French chateau. On April 9, 1917, firefighters were sunning themselves out front when a bystander rushed to tell them that their building was on fire. The two-alarm fire destroyed the third floor, which housed the hayloft for the horse-drawn engines. The top of the building was removed, and it was remodeled with a new maintenance . . . — Map (db m35244) HM
Nebraska (Douglas County), Omaha — Omaha Union Station
No other improvement...can equal in utility the railroad. Abraham Lincoln March 9, 1832 Dedicated by the railways of Omaha to the service, comfort and convenience of the people — Map (db m35264) HM
Nebraska (Douglas County), Omaha — On The Wings of Angels 9/11 Memorial
Dedicated September 11, 2007 in honor of the Victims and Heroes of September 11, 2001 Created by Littleton Alston — Map (db m35166) HM
Nebraska (Douglas County), Omaha — 11 — Ordnance MagazineFort Omaha Walking Tour
This small, tin-roofed building hardly suggests its central role in the mission of the officers and troops once stationed at Fort Omaha. Constructed in 1883-84, the ordnance magazine was the chief storage place for weapons and ammunition. It was General Crook’s intention to maintain an army of “soldiers fit for combat – not for parade,” and his successors continued to regularly train their men to be accurate marksmen. Nickel-plated Colt revolvers, Springfield, . . . — Map (db m58117) HM
Nebraska (Douglas County), Omaha — People, Places, and Stories
The joint efforts of many individuals and groups – among them military men and scientists, a president and an enslaved man, French-speaking boatmen and American Indians, women and men – determined the fate of the Corps of Discovery. Today, more than 100 groups work with the National Park Service to share the stories of the Expedition and to preserve the resources of the Lewis and Clark National Historic Trail. Partners include a diverse group of federal agencies, tribal nations, . . . — Map (db m57978) HM
Nebraska (Douglas County), Omaha — Preserving Our Heritage
The Midwest Regional Office, located in Omaha since 1937, assists NPS sites across the heartland of the United States. Inside this building, more than 200 people – from architects to wildland fire managers – work to sustain the heritage of all Americans: our national park system. About the Midwest Region The Midwest Region of the National Park Service includes 13 states: North Dakota, South Dakota, Nebraska, Iowa, Kansas, Arkansas, Missouri, Illinois, Indiana, Ohio, . . . — Map (db m57970) HM
Nebraska (Douglas County), Omaha — President Gerald R. Ford
The 38th President of the United States revisited this site July 12, 1980 — Map (db m58061) HM
Nebraska (Douglas County), Omaha — President's House
In August 1905, the Fort Omaha post was reestablished with a new mission. The War Department designated Fort Omaha as a place of instruction for the technical duties in connection with the Signal Corps of the Army. With this change, the War Department allocated funding for new buildings at Fort Omaha to accommodate four [S]ignal [C]orps companies. One of the designated new buildings was a single non-commissioned officers' quarters. The 4,700 sq. ft., three story brick home was completed on . . . — Map (db m58158) HM
Nebraska (Douglas County), Omaha — 7 — Quartermaster's Office and CommissaryFort Omaha Walking Tour
Throughout the frontier era, the Quartermaster’s Department oversaw post construction, supply procurement and transportation. It worked closely with the Subsistence Department which purchased and assigned rations. To both agencies, Fort Omaha represented the best distribution site for the Department of the Platte because the nearby city of Omaha provided ample food, livestock and building materials to isolated western posts via three railroad lines. In 1866 the War Department ordered . . . — Map (db m58131) HM
Nebraska (Douglas County), Omaha — Right Reverend Monsignor Edward J. Flanagan1886 - 1948
In memory of Rt. Rev. Monsignor Edward J. Flanagan Founder of Boys Town and Recipient of Variety Clubs First Humanitarian Award His dictum: "There is no such thing as a bad boy" — Map (db m58481) HM
Nebraska (Douglas County), Omaha — Site of Union Pacific's Omaha Shops
You are standing at the site of the original Union Pacific Omaha Shops. From this point a railroad was begun that would fulfill a national destiny. Even before Union Pacific was an American icon, it was an American dream. It was a dream as big, as bold, as heroic as the American president who envisioned it. In 1862 President Abraham Lincoln signed the Pacific Railroad Act that created Union Pacific Railroad and charged it to bind the nation, east to west, with a ribbon of . . . — Map (db m58038) HM
Nebraska (Douglas County), Omaha — Skinner Macaroni Building 1914-1915The Old Market Historic Walking Tour

Increasing business led the Skinner Manufacturing Company to build this six-story brick building in 1914. Designed by architect Harry Lawrie, it was doubled in size with the addition of 66 feet to the east a year later. The new building was Skinner's third plant. Brothers Paul F. and Lloyd M. Skinner, who used national advertising as early as 1912, founded it in 1911. Skinner was a leading manufacturer of macaroni and cereal products. Omaha was close to the Durum wheat supply, the only . . . — Map (db m83293) HM

Nebraska (Douglas County), Omaha — Spanish-American War Memorialerected 1900
This beautiful monument to the soldiers of the Spanish-American War was erected in 1900 by the Lee Forby Encampment #1 of the Spanish-American War Veterans. Captain Lee Forby, born January 3, 1871, was wounded at the Battle of San Francisco del Norte [sic - Monte], and died near Manila, Philippine Islands, on March 28, 1899. Names of others who died with Captain Forby are engraved on the east side of the monument, which notes their unit's original name, Company L. However, when Company . . . — Map (db m58332) HM
Nebraska (Douglas County), Omaha — Territory and State of Nebraska
Nebraska, originally part of the Louisiana Purchase in 1803, became a territory of the United States Government in 1854 when Congress passed the Kansas-Nebraska Act. The Nebraska Territory included parts of Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Colorado and Wyoming. Nebraska became the 37th State on March 1, 1867. — Map (db m58063) HM
Nebraska (Douglas County), Omaha — The City of Omaha, Nebraska
The settlement of Omaha began in 1854 with the opening of the Nebraska Territory. The following year Omaha was selected as the Nebraska Territorial capital. Omaha was incorporated as a city in 1857. The capital was moved from Omaha to Lincoln in 1867 when Nebraska became a state. Today, Omaha is the largest city in the State of Nebraska. Mayors of Omaha [not transcribed] — Map (db m58060) HM
Nebraska (Douglas County), Omaha — The Omaha Bolt, Nut and Screw Building1889

has been placed on the National Register of Historic Places by the United States Department of the Interior

Renovated 1992 Alley-Poyner Architect Lund-Ross Constructors — Map (db m83241) HM

Nebraska (Douglas County), Omaha — The Right Reverend & Mrs Robert Harper Clarkson
In loving memory of The Right Reverend Robert Harper Clarkson (1826 - 1884) Bishop of Nebraska and Dakota Territories First Episcopal Bishop of the State of Nebraska Founder of Trinity Cathedral Founder and Sponsor of Nebraska's Oldest Hospital, Bishop Clarkson Memorial Hospital and his wife Meliora McPherson Clarkson (1827 - 1902) Garden design by Schlott, Farrington & Associates Landscape Architects — Map (db m35188) HM
Nebraska (Douglas County), Omaha — The Road to Omaha
Presented by College World Series of Omaha, Inc. to the City of Omaha June 7, 1999 In Celebration of 50 Years of NCAA Division I Baseball Championship Games in Omaha John Lajba, Sculptor Moved from its Original Location At Omaha’s Johnny Rosenblatt Stadium ——————— Rededicated at TD Ameritrade Park Omaha To Continue the Great Traditions Of the College World Series June 15, 2011 — Map (db m57999) HM
Nebraska (Douglas County), Omaha — The Securities Building1917
has been placed on the National Register of Historic Places by the United States Department of the Interior Rehabilitated 1996 in conjunction with the City of Omaha for the betterment of the community — Map (db m35140) HM
Nebraska (Douglas County), Omaha — 406 — Trans-Mississippi and International Exposition of 1898
At this site in 1898, Omaha hosted the Trans-Mississippi and International Exposition. Following the model of other “world's fairs,” the exposition highlighted the “Progress of the West,” drawing over 2.5 million admissions.
The exposition grounds encompassed an area from Ames to Binney, and 13th to 24th Streets. The Grand Court, from 16th to 24th Streets between Pinkney and Pratt, featured magnificent, though temporary, buildings around a five-block-long . . . — Map (db m33018) HM
Nebraska (Douglas County), Omaha — 400 — Trans-Mississippi and International Exposition of 1898
In 1898, following the financial panic of 1893 and the droughts of 1894-95, a world-class exposition was held in Omaha under the guidance of Gurdon W. Wattles and other civic leaders. The Trans-Mississippi and International Exposition emulated earlier “world's fairs” such as at Chicago in 1893. Twenty-nine states, three territories, and eleven foreign countries were represented.
Exhibits illustrated the “Progress of the West” after the presumed closing of the . . . — Map (db m33044) HM
Nebraska (Douglas County), Omaha — Trinity Episcopal Cathedral
This property has been placed on the National Register of Historic Places by the United States Department of the Interior — Map (db m35186) HM
Nebraska (Douglas County), Omaha — Union Walk
This Union Walk is a reminder to all of our citizens, as well as a salute to the unionized men and women from all walks of life, who invested their energy, the sweat of their brow, and sometimes even their lives to forge a better life for themselves and their families. The Omaha / Council Bluffs metropolitan community is a better place because of the contributions of every one of the unions whose plaques grace this walk, as well as many of the others that came before us. Let us never . . . — Map (db m63498) HM
Nebraska (Douglas County), Omaha — Veterans Memorial

Dedicated in grateful tribute to the men and women of Czech descent who served in the Armed Forces of the United States — Map (db m83240) WM

Nebraska (Douglas County), Omaha — William Davis Brown1813 - 1868
William Brown is credited as Omaha's founder (although not its first settler). He operated a Missouri River ferry from Council Bluffs and was a principal in the company that first developed the Omaha townsite. Mr. Brown came west as a young man with California gold in mind. Born in Kentucky, he migrated to Iowa, where he served as a town sheriff and met his wife, Martha. They arrived in Council Bluffs in 1850, expecting to continue west. But Brown had a practical side, and he could see . . . — Map (db m58275) HM
Nebraska (Douglas County), Omaha — 404 — William Henry Jackson1843 - 1942
From 1867 to 1869 the first photography studio of William Henry Jackson, renowned photographer, artist, and explorer of the Old West, stood on the northwest corner of this block. His autobiography, Time Exposure, reports that in 1869 Omaha had the vitality of "a boom town." Jackson first crossed Nebraska in 1866 on the Oregon Trail, working as a bullwhacker with a freighting outfit. His sketches of the trip vividly depicted the trail experience. In 1870 he joined the Hayden . . . — Map (db m35193) HM
Nebraska (Douglas County), Omaha — Windsor HotelThe Old Market Historic Walking Tour
The Windsor Hotel, designed in the Italianate style, was constructed in two phases – the east wing was completed in 1885, and an addition to the west was finished by 1887. It was designed to be a workingman’s hotel, and with the proximity to both the Union and Burlington train stations, it became known as a railroader’s hotel. Railroad passengers stopped at its restaurant and bar during layovers. The Windsor overlooked the stalls of the noisy open-air public market to its west from 1903 . . . — Map (db m35254) HM
Nebraska (Douglas County), Omaha — Woodmen of the World
On this site Woodmen of the World Life Insurance Society was organized June 6, 1890 — Map (db m30790) HM
Nebraska (Dundy County), Benkelman — 22 — General Custer in Nebraska
General George Armstrong Custer, commanding troops A, D, E, H, K, and M of the Seventh Cavalry, camped near here June 22, to 30, 1867, after a march from Fort McPherson, Nebraska. They were campaigning against the elusive Sioux and Cheyenne Indians.

On June 24 Pawnee Killer led a dawn attack on Custer’s camp, wounding a sentry. There followed a parley between Custer and his officers and Pawnee Killer, Pole Cat, Fire Lightning and Walks Underground. Neither side was able to learn the plans . . . — Map (db m79233) HM

Nebraska (Dundy County), Haigler — 126 — Texas Trail Canyon
After the slaughter of the buffalo and the last of the Indian hunts, ranchers moved into this part of the Republican River country in 1875. Among them were I.P and Ira Olive, who were using this canyon on their range in 1876. Herds of Texas cattle were delivered to them here before being driven north to Ogallala. Prior to 1880, the main Texas-Ogallala Trail entered Nebraska fifty miles east of here, but with influx of homesteaders, the trail was pushed west to this area. By 1881 this canyon . . . — Map (db m79219) HM
Nebraska (Fillmore County), Exeter — 278 — 1879 Exeter 1979
The first settler in Exeter Township, Fillmore County was Warren Woodard, who built the first house in 1870. The Burlington and Missouri River Railroad, building westward, determined Exeter's location in 1871. The town was laid out by the railroad on land donated by Dr. Horace G. Smith and James Dolan. Its name was suggested by former residents of Exeter, New Hampshire, and conformed to the Burlington's practice of naming towns along this line in alphabetical sequence. The railroad aided the . . . — Map (db m78010) HM
Nebraska (Fillmore County), Fairmont — 381 — Fairmont Army Air Field
Fairmont Army Air Field, located 3 1/2 miles south, was one of eleven army air force training fields built in Nebraska during World War II. The 1,980-acre field provided final training for the 451st, 485th, 504th, and 16th Heavy Bombardment Groups before they proceeded to the European, Mediterranean, or Pacific Theaters. The 98th, 467th, and 489th Bombardment Groups returning from Europe trained at Fairmont for possible service in the Pacific. The groups flew B- 24, B-17, and B-29 bombers. . . . — Map (db m78009) HM
Nebraska (Fillmore County), Fairmont — 360 — Fairmont Army Air Field
Construction began on the Fairmont Army Air Field September 17, 1942. Located east of here, it was one of eleven built in Nebraska during World War II. The 1,980-acre field began as a satellite of the Topeka Army Air Base. Early in 1943 the name was changed to Fairmont Army Air Field. A short-lived training school gave way to the 451st Bombardment Group, which arrived in September 1943. Other groups were the 485th, 504th, 16th, 98th, 467th and 489th. Hangers of various sizes housed B-24s, . . . — Map (db m82566) HM
Nebraska (Fillmore County), Fairmont — 309 — Fairmont Creamery Company
The Fairmont Creamery Company was incorporated March 29, 1884, as a stock company by Wallace Wheeler and Joseph H. Rushton. This building was the original office and the creamery was half a mile east of town. From a small, part-time business, the company became one of the nation's largest food processors, later known as Fairmont Foods. The creamery's first product was butter. By 1891 the 100 employees made 7,000 pounds of butter daily. In the 1890s the company operated plants in Crete, . . . — Map (db m78008) HM
Nebraska (Fillmore County), Ohiowa — 460 — The Ohiowa Auditorium
The Ohiowa Auditorium, completed in 1940 and preserved in near original condition, is one of several Nebraska buildings constructed by the Works Progress Administration during the Great Depression. The WPA, a federal government relief program, provided employment for local workers. During World War II the auditorium served as an entertainment center for soldiers from the nearby Bruning Army Air Field. A community landmark, the auditorium has also been used for dances, movies, roller-skating, craft shows, auctions, and as a polling place. — Map (db m82530) HM
Nebraska (Fillmore County), Strang — In Memory of the Sons of Strang
North side of monument: World War I Pvt. Robert J. Wilkinson; Am. Expeditionary Force, U.S.A.; Sept. 6, 1889 - Oct. 12, 1928; Died in France from battle wounds. World War II Pvt. John Gerhard Trapp, Jr.; Co. B, 30th Replacement BN, U.S.A.; Dec. 21, 1923 - Jan. 18, 1944; Died Cassino, Italy from battle wounds. PFC Curtis Lee Steffens, U.S.A.; Mar. 7, 1917 - June 15, 1944; Killed in action Cherbourg, France. S-Sgt. Frank Joseph Schelbetzki, Jr.; Co. F, 134th . . . — Map (db m82531) WM
Nebraska (Franklin County), Franklin — Dupee Hall of MusicFranklin Academy — 1901
has been placed on the National Register of Historic Places by the U.S. Department of the Interior — Map (db m59004) HM
Nebraska (Franklin County), Franklin — 329 — Franklin Academy
The Franklin Academy occupied this site from 1881 until 1922. It was one of six Congregational Church-affiliated academies in Nebraska. Others were located at Crete, York, Neligh, Weeping Water, and Chadron. Over 2,500 students in college preparatory studies attended the Franklin Academy. Distinguished alumni include author Adah Patterson, Federal Judge Robert Van Pelt, and Dr. Frank Cyr of Columbia University, under whose leadership the standard yellow school bus was developed. There . . . — Map (db m58998) HM
Nebraska (Franklin County), Franklin — 140 — Franklin County
Present Franklin County was formerly a part of the buffalo hunting range of the Pawnee Indians, whose villages were at one time located further down the valley of the Republican River. Cheyenne and Sioux hunting parties also frequented the area prior to 1869, when Genral Carr's Republican River Expedition cleared the valley of hostiles, opening the region to white settlement. In September 1870, the Thompson Colony founded Riverton in the eastern part of the county, and the Republican . . . — Map (db m59005) HM
Nebraska (Franklin County), Franklin — Franklin County Veterans MemorialFreedom Is Not Free
World War I They Died for Freedom [Roll of Honored Dead] World War II The Supreme Sacrifice [Roll of Honored Dead] Korea They Died for Freedom [Roll of Honored Dead] Vietnam [Roll of Honored Dead] Dedicated May 31, 2002 — Map (db m59000) WM
Nebraska (Franklin County), Franklin — Lockheed F-80(P-80 & T-33) — Shooting Star
• XP-80 Maiden Flight January 8, 1944 • F80-C Fighter Bomber in Korean Conflict • Nov. 8, 1950 Lt. Russell J. Brown shot down a Russian MiG-15 The First All Jet Air Battle Spans 38 feet 10 inches Weight 16,856 pounds Cost $93,456 — Map (db m59001) HM
Nebraska (Franklin County), Franklin — The Old Franklin Congregational Academy
This memorial erected on the site of The Old Franklin Congregational Academy Pioneer Founders and Educators were: E. B. James · A. E. Rice · W. S. Phipps Rev. Amos Dresser · Rev. C. S. Harrison Reve. W. S. Hampton · Prin. A. C. Hart Rev. G. W. Mitchell Total enrollment 2670 Total graduates 477 At Left - Corner stone of native rock laid Aug. 9, 1881. At Right - Bell which called all classes for 41 years Center - Petrified log a prominent object on . . . — Map (db m59003) HM
Nebraska (Furnas County), Oxford — 39 — The Republican River Flood Of 1935
On May 30, 1935, torrential rains fell in eastern Colorado and southwestern Nebraska; by early morning of the 31st, the usually peaceful Republican River was running bluff-to-bluff along its upper reaches. When the waters subsided two days later, over 100 lives had been lost and many millions of dollars of damage had been done. A number of persons from this community were drowned.

After the prolonged drouth of the early 30's, the wet spring of 1935 had brought welcome relief to the . . . — Map (db m48549) HM

Nebraska (Gage County), Barneston — 214 — The Oto and Missouri Agency
After 1854 the Oto and Missouri Indian village and agency were located near here. For many years the two tribes had been living along the lower portion of the Platte River, but when Nebraska became a territory they relinquished all claims to those lands. In exchange they received yearly cash payments, agricultural equipment and other goods in addition to a reservation of approximately 250 square miles around the village. According to Indian Agent Major A. L. Green the community in 1870 . . . — Map (db m78011) HM
Nebraska (Gage County), Beatrice — Beatrice Veterans Memorial Wall of Honor
I Pledge Allegiance to the Flag We Answered the Call United We Stand Keepers of Freedom [And Other Mottos] [Honoree Plaques] Dedicated May 30, 2005 — Map (db m48227) HM
Nebraska (Gage County), Beatrice — Beatrice's Own - Civil War and the Spanish-American WarWe Answered the Call — 1861 - Today
April 12, 1861: Fort Sumter, South Carolina was fired on by Rebel forces. On the 18th of May, Nebraska Territory Governor Alvin Saunders issued a proclamation calling for volunteers to either answer the call from President Lincoln for service in the United States Army or to protect the citizens of the state from Indians. During June 1861, Beatrice residents, Frederick Elwood, 23 and Jonathan Potts, 27 and other Gage County volunteers went to Nebraska City and joined the First Regiment . . . — Map (db m48286) HM
Nebraska (Gage County), Beatrice — Beatrice's Own - Company C 134th Infantry Regiment Nebraska National GuardWe Answered the Call — 1861 - Today
Organized as a local militia, the Paddock Guards were named in honor of Nebraska Senator Algernon S. Paddock. Established June 9, 1875 to protect Beatrice from outlaws and bandits, the Guard furnished their own equipment; city residents furnished the required ammunition. In 1879, the Paddock Guards were mustered to the newly organized State Militia as Company C of the First Nebraska Regiment. Personnel of Company C served overseas in the Spanish-American War, in World War I and World War . . . — Map (db m48375) HM
Nebraska (Gage County), Beatrice — Civil War and Spanish War Memorial
Soldiers of the Civil War 1861-1865 [and] Spanish War, 1898-1901. [Honor Roll of Names] Rawlins Post No. 35. Department of Nebraska Grand Army of the Republic Organized in Fraternity, Charity & Loyalty A.D. 1879 Rawlins Relief Corps No. 92 Auziliary Grand Army of the Republic Organized in Fraternity, Charity & Loyalty A.D. 1889 — Map (db m47656) HM
Nebraska (Gage County), Beatrice — Containing Communism - The Berlin and Cuban Crises and VietnamWe Answered the Call — 1861 - Today
President Harry S. Truman established a policy of containing Communism that was followed by succeeding presidents until the fall of the Berlin Wall in 1989. Beatrice's residents served in Germany, protected the U.S. borders, and fought in the jungles of Vietnam during this period. The most serious challenge to this policy came when Communist Ho Chi Minh tried to overtake the Republic of Vietnam. In his 1960 inaugural address, President John Kennedy pledged to pay any order to . . . — Map (db m48231) HM
Nebraska (Gage County), Beatrice — Fighting Communism - Korea and the Cold WarWe Answered the Call — 1861 - Today
June 25, 1950, Communist North Korea invades South Korea and the Korean War begins. The United Nations asks member nations to aid South Korea. President Truman sends U.S. air and naval forces to South Korean defense. Regular Army troops move from Germany and Japan to Korea and many Veterans of WWII continue to serve. The fighting is over in 1953 when the U.N. and North Korea sign a truce. It was clear from the Korean conflict that the United States had become the leader of the free world, . . . — Map (db m48232) HM
Nebraska (Gage County), Beatrice — Founding of Beatrice, Nebraska Territory
Dedicated to the Citizens of Beatrice for all their efforts put forth in the Beatrice Centennial Celebrations of 2007 Beatrice, Nebraska Territory Founded on this site July 4, 1857 Time Capsule to be opened on July 4, 2057 200 years to the date the founders celebrated on this very site — Map (db m47616) HM
Nebraska (Gage County), Beatrice — Freedom FightersWe Answered the Call — 1861 - Today
The United States Congress officially ended the draft in September 28, 1971. Since then, volunteer armed forces have been called to protect freedom throughout the world. In 2001, the Beatrice National Guard was deployed to Kuwait with the 1-167 Cavalry, the first deployment of Company C since the end of World War II. Our Guard Unit continues to "Answer the Call": in Bosnia in 2003 and in Iraq in 2006 and 2007. For the last 60 years, because of our success as a super power, American . . . — Map (db m48228) HM
Nebraska (Gage County), Beatrice — Gage County Veterans Memorial
To honor all men and women who honorably served their country in the Armed Forces of the United States Dedicated November 11, 1995 — Map (db m47654) HM
Nebraska (Gage County), Beatrice — Homesteading: The Cry was Free Land!!!
The Homestead Act of 1862 was one of the most significant and enduring events in the westward expansion of the United States. By granting 160 acres of free land to claimants, it allowed nearly any man or woman the chance to live the American dream. The Homestead National Monument of America is located on one of the first claims filed under the Homestead Act four miles west of Heritage Highway on State Highway 4. There were 2 millioin claims filed under the Homestead Act of 1862 in 30 . . . — Map (db m47619) HM
Nebraska (Gage County), Beatrice — Railroads: Union Pacific & Burlington Northern
Railroads played a key role in the development of the Heritage Highway corridor. Trains brought settlers and goods west to the new towns and took farm products back to market. As times have changed and transportation has evolved, many railroad depots in the Heritage Highway corridor have been converted to historical museums or have been torn down completely. The 1906 Burlington Northern Depot now houses the Gage County Historical Society Museum, while the Union Pacific Depot that once faced it . . . — Map (db m47620) HM
Nebraska (Gage County), Beatrice — Replica of the Statue of Liberty
With the faith and courage of their forefathers who made possible the freedom of these United States The Boy Scouts of America dedicate this copy of the Statue of Liberty as a pledge of everlasting fidelity and and loyalty The Crusade to Strengthen Liberty — Map (db m47617) HM
Nebraska (Gage County), Beatrice — River Town Development
Many Heritage Highway communities began as river settlements. Beatrice was founded in 1857 near the bend of the Big Blue River. The first building, known as Pap Towle's cabin, was constructed just north of the present Gage County Historical Society Museum. This walnut log cabin served as a home, post office, courthouse and city hall for the new river town. The location of Premium Mills at Hebron in 1873 was an important event in the settlement of the town, as it was the "farthest west" mill in . . . — Map (db m47627) HM
Nebraska (Gage County), Beatrice — The De Roin & Oregon Trails
Byway 136 was designated the Heritage Highway in part because of the many historic trails that are now part of it. You are standing on the historic De Roin Trail. The De Roin Trail began at the Missouri River port town of Brownville on the eastern edge of Heritage Highway and passed through Beatrice to Alexandria where it connected with the Oregon Trail. The Oregon Trail and Pony Express route intersect near Fairbury and both are commemorated at Rock Creek Station State Historical Park just south of Jansen. — Map (db m47623) HM
Nebraska (Gage County), Beatrice — Veterans Memorial DriveDedicated to All Veterans
Originally dedicated 1934 Rededicated 2000 Symbolism of the Mural Just as our own Nebraska natives left their homes to fight wars on foreign soil, the use of Endicott brick represents native earth that brings all of us back to our roots. Our dedication to service, our view of the world, our appreciation for life is rooted in home soil. The tones of the brick may appear modest and lacking the glitter of bronze or gold, but it is symbolic of our veterans who selflessly did what . . . — Map (db m48234) HM
Nebraska (Gage County), Beatrice — War Efforts at HomeWe Answered the Call — 1861 - Today
In Beatrice, industries pooled resources to obtain defense contracts by creating Homestead Industries, Inc. This "war production pool of industries" included Dempster Industries, Store Kraft Manufacturing, W.M. Haith Tank Works, Beatrice Steel Tank, Petersen and F.D. Kees Manufacturing Companies. One thing the war did is that it brought everyone together..... Beatrice Resident Betty Aksamit April 25, 2005 [Photo captions follow] 1. Dempster Mill Manufacturing Company, producer of . . . — Map (db m48270) HM
Nebraska (Gage County), Beatrice — World War IWe Answered the Call — 1861 - Today
World War I began in Europe in 1914. The United States stayed neutral for the first three years. Only after German submarines sank a record number of U.S. merchant ships did the U.S. enter the war. Called up for duty on the Mexican Border in 1916, the personnel of Company C 134th Infantry were trained and ready for service. Many were sent to France as replacements for combat troops. When the call came, other Gage County residents volunteered in the Army and the Navy, and others were drafted. — Map (db m48267) HM
Nebraska (Gage County), Beatrice — World War IIWe Answered the Call — 1861 - Today
December 7, 1941, Japan bombed Pearl Harbor and the United States declared war. On December 11, 1941, the United States declared war on Germany and Italy. Gage County residents served in Europe and in the Pacific. They fought in major battles, received honors, became prisoners of war, were wounded or killed in action. Some served behind the lines as nurses, clerks, cooks, truck drivers, and airplane mechanics; others worked with communications and intelligence. We were young and you just . . . — Map (db m48279) HM
Nebraska (Gage County), Filley — Robert Taylor
Robert Taylor was born Spangler Arlington Brugh in Filley on August 5, 1911 and was raised in Beatrice. He appeared in 80 films from the 1930’s to the 1960’s and hosted the television series “Death Valley Days” in the 1960’s. Taylor died on June 8, 1969. — Map (db m47510) HM
Nebraska (Gage County), Homestead National Monument of America — A Legacy of Change
Across this footbridge you can walk through 100 acres of restored tallgrass prairie. As each year passes, this piece of ground will look more and more like what Daniel Freeman saw when he laid claim to a 160-acre homestead here in 1863. As you explore ahead, keep in mind the brutal challenges of this prairie. How could simple tools and hard work overcome blizzards, prairie fires, tornadoes, plagues of grasshoppers, and a host of other calamities? Yet despite these harsh realities, . . . — Map (db m47586) HM
Nebraska (Gage County), Homestead National Monument of America — A Prairie Reborn
These rambling acres of grass and greenery might not look like a carefully planned landscape. Yet they are part of an ongoing restoration effort begun in 1939 to undo the effects of 76 years of farming, restoring agricultural fields to a diverse collection of native plant species that represent the vegetation the first homesteaders encountered. Prairie ecosystems once spanned 140,000,000 acres. Today, less than one percent remains. Restoration and research at Homestead National Monument of . . . — Map (db m47519) HM
Nebraska (Gage County), Homestead National Monument of America — Boundaries of Freedom
The fenceless plains were vast and open when early homesteaders first came here. But the very nature of homesteading - the possibility of an individual owning 160 acres - meant that somebody had to legally divide and define limits for the land. The Land Ordinance of 1785 determined that land should be surveyed before settlement in a rectangular survey system. The basic unit was a township, a 36-square-mile area, that is further subdivided into sections and acres. The Freemans . . . — Map (db m47577) HM
Nebraska (Gage County), Homestead National Monument of America — Close Quarters
George W. Palmer built this log cabin in 1867 in Logan Township, Nebraska, some 14 miles from Beatrice. He used oak, ash, and other hardwoods cut from the banks of Bear Creek for his cabin walls. He made the brick in the gable ends by hand. Palmer proved up on his homestead claim in 1875. Along with his wife and five children, he had built a home, planted crops, and lived on the land for five years as required by the Homestead Act. In 1880 Palmer added a lean-to kitchen. The family had . . . — Map (db m47527) HM
Nebraska (Gage County), Homestead National Monument of America — Daniel and Agnes Freeman
Daniel Freeman Born Preble Co. Ohio Apr. 25, 1826 Filed on First Homestead in U.S.A. Jan. 1, 1863 and lived on it until his death Dec. 30, 1908 Soldier, Doctor, Sheriff & Farmer A True Pioneer. —————— Agnes S. Freeman A True Pioneer Mother Nov. 16, 1843 - Apr. 9, 1931 — Map (db m47585) HM
Nebraska (Gage County), Homestead National Monument of America — Deep Roots in the Earth
The most important part of a living prairie is something you can't see without taking a shovel in hand. The dense, interlocking roots of prairie grasses make an underground structure unlike anything seen in the woodlands of the East. The insects, birds, and grazing animals homesteaders first saw on these prairies all depended on the flowering plants and grasses grown in this native plant display and that unseen mat of deep roots. Beside sod for building homes, how did homesteaders adapt prairie plants for their use? — Map (db m47596) HM
Nebraska (Gage County), Homestead National Monument of America — Do You Live Near a Homestead?
There’s a good chance you do – Homesteading reached three of every five states. Is yours among them? The Homestead Act of 1862 offered people 160 acres of free land – if they were willing to live on it, farm it, and build a home. This map shows the 30 homesteading states in which the government gave away 270 million acres. On the wall each state has a cutout that represents the proportion of homesteading land in that state. Can you see where homesteading was most important? . . . — Map (db m47512) HM
Nebraska (Gage County), Homestead National Monument of America — Homesteading's Legacy is Written on the Land
Look around you. The impact of the Homestead Act is clearly visible. Grain elevators, fertilizer plants, housing developments, state highways, modern farms – these and other features are tangible evidence of the Homestead Act’s success in settling the West. — Map (db m47518) HM
Nebraska (Gage County), Homestead National Monument of America — Is All Barbed Wire the Same?
Barbed wire proved invaluable for marking boundaries on the open prairie. Soon after its invention in 1874 there were over 570 different patents and thousands of variations. You can examine dozens of them on the fence nearby. Why so many? Early inventors tried to improve the basic idea, most notably Joseph F. Glidden's 1874 innovation of a simple barb on a strong, double-stranded wire. Later entrepreneurs tried to cash in on barbed wire's potential. Those versions that could be produced . . . — Map (db m47523) HM
Nebraska (Gage County), Homestead National Monument of America — Roads to Success
You are standing on an old road trace, lined with cottonwood trees, where freight was hauled by wagon. The ability to get goods to market is yet another reason Daniel Freeman homesteaded here, four miles from the town of Beatrice. Freight roads helped homesteaders get their harvests to towns with rail depots. Trains could move goods cheaply and quickly over the vast distances of the Great Plains. Freight that took four days to haul by road was delivered by rail in four hours. Easy access to . . . — Map (db m47584) HM
Nebraska (Gage County), Homestead National Monument of America — Success Was Only Natural
Here, in the middle of this restored prairie, you can imagine what homesteaders experienced when they first came to their land - listen to the birds and insects, smell cottonwood in the air, feel the richness of the soil, see the variety nature has to offer. Daniel Freeman had a claim that other homesteaders would envy. Legend says that Freeman, a Civil War soldier, found this plot of land while scouting for the Union Army in Nebraska in 1862. He chose land rich with resources - a creek for . . . — Map (db m47580) HM
Nebraska (Gage County), Homestead National Monument of America — The Homestead Heritage Center
The Homestead Act of 1862 affected millions of lives in the United States and across the world. Homestead National Monument of America exists to document and present these powerful stories of transformation. The Homestead Heritage Center keeps these stories relevant in our ever-changing world. The building represents the Homestead Act with its unique roofline pointing westward, designed to resemble a single bottom plow moving through the sod. Just as sustainability was a way of life for . . . — Map (db m47513) HM
Nebraska (Gage County), Homestead National Monument of America — Walk in Their Shoes
What was it like to be a homesteaders? To get an idea, take a walk. The flags around the parking lot enclose an acre. It may not seem huge. But plowing an acre meant walking about 10 miles. Over uneven soil. Driving a team of oxen. In sun or rain. Walk that acre. Then multiple it by 160, the size of a typical homestead. There seemed to be nothing to see; no fences, no creeks or trees, no hills or fields…There was nothing but land; not a country at all, but the material out of which . . . — Map (db m47514) HM
Nebraska (Garden County), Lewellen — 15 — Ash Hollow
Ash Hollow was famous on the Oregon Trail. A branch of the trail ran northwestward from the Lower California Crossing of the South Platte River a few miles west of Brule, and descended here into the North Platte Valley. The hollow, named for a growth of ash trees, was entered by Windlass Hill to the south. Wagons had to be eased down its steep slope by ropes. Ash Hollow with its water, wood and grass was a welcome relief after the arduous trip from the South Platte and the travelers . . . — Map (db m2503) HM
Nebraska (Garden County), Lewellen — 160 — Ash Hollow Geology
Ash Hollow is a focal point for understanding the geologic history of the Central Great Plains prior to the onset of the Great Ice Age. It is the type locality of the Ash Hollow Formation, named by Henry Engelmann after a visit in 1858–1859. These sediments were deposited in ancient valley-systems that drained east from the Rocky Mountains. Much of the ancient valley-fill is exposed in cross section in the cliff faces along the roof of Ash Hollow Cave, in the exhibit area. Some of . . . — Map (db m2505) HM
Nebraska (Garden County), Lewellen — Descent of Windlass Hill
Here, covered-wagon travelers faced the most difficult terrain since their departure from Missouri. One man said: “I cannot say at what angle we descend, but it is so great that some go so far as to say ‘the road hangs a little past the perpendicular . . . . ” — Map (db m87335) HM
Nebraska (Garden County), Lewellen — Oregon Trail
Marked by the State of Nebraska 1912 Windlass Hill entrance to Ash Hollow — Map (db m86674) HM
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