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New Hampshire Markers
New Hampshire (Carroll County), Bartlett — 109 — Lady Blanche House
This rustic cottage was once the home of Thomas Murphy and his wife, Lady Blanche, daughter of the Earl of Gainsborough. Thomas was the organist at the church on the Earl's estate. The commoner and the lady eloped to America, where Thomas taught at the Kearsarge School for Boys in North Conway. Lady Blanche, a noted writer and contributor to such publications as Harper's and The Atlantic Monthly, died here in 1881. — Map (db m77640) HM
New Hampshire (Carroll County), Conway — 038 — White Mountain School of Art
Since Thomas Cole's visit in 1828, New Hampshire's splendid scenery has been an enduring inspiration to countless landscape artists. From 1850 to 1890 this region was particularly favored for their easels. Benjamin Champney (1817-1907), New Hampshire-born painter, described the glorious era in "Sixty Years of Art and Artists". — Map (db m74557) HM
New Hampshire (Carroll County), Hart's Location — 0213 — Frankenstein Trestle
The high steel trestle above was built in 1893 to replace a wrought iron trestle of 1875, and was strengthened in 1930 and 1950. Named for American Artist Godfrey N. Frankenstein (1820-1873), the adjacent cliff and gulf were formidable barriers to completion of the Portland and Ogdensburg Railroad, later the Maine Central, which connected Portland, ME, and the Great Lakes. Trains used the trestle until 1983. It now carries excursion trains through Crawford Notch. — Map (db m77698) HM
New Hampshire (Carroll County), Hart's Location — 186 — Sawyer's Rock
In 1771, Timothy Lash of Lancaster and Benjamin Sawyer of Conway made a bargain with Governor John Wentworth to bring a horse through Crawford Notch in order to prove the route’s commercial value. The pair succeeded by dragging and lowering the animal down rock faces. Sawyer’s Rock is said to be the last obstacle they encountered before reaching the Bartlett intervales. Nash and Sawyer were rewarded with 2,184 acre parcel at the northern end of the Notch. Sawyer’s Rock symbolizes the . . . — Map (db m75235) HM
New Hampshire (Carroll County), Madison — Granville Homestead
Nearby is the birthplace of the Granville brothers Zantford (Granny), Thomas, Robert, Mark and Edward and sisters Pearle and Gladys. With Madison natives Hiram Jones, Harry Jones, and Elson Ward, they formed the Granville Brothers Aircraft Co. in Springfield, Massachusetts, and designed, manufactured, and flew notable racing aircraft of the Golden Age of Aviation. In 1932 the Gee Bee Model R-1 set a new world speed record of 296 mph. Their high performance designs represented the cutting edge . . . — Map (db m77922) HM
New Hampshire (Carroll County), North Conway — Caboose B&M 104391
This caboose, one of 500 similar units that once served on the Boston & Maine Railroad, was built by the B&M at their shops in East Fitchburg, Mass. in 1907. Many were later rebuilt with steel underframes, steel trucks, and full-width cupola. This is the only existing B&M caboose with the narrow cupola and combination steel & wood 8' wheelbase trucks. The 104391 was sold to the Belfast & Moosehead Lake R.R. in Maine in 1954, and was retired by that road in 1968. The car is 42' long and weighs 23 tons. Owners: Robert Allen of Epping, N.H. — Map (db m78324) HM
New Hampshire (Carroll County), North Conway — Crossing Gate
Crossing Gates of this sort once protected busy road crossings throughout the United States. They were usually operated by a full time crossing tender, a man or woman that worked out of a small "crossing shanty" that offered some protection from the elements. The gates were cranked down whenever a train approached the crossing. This particular gate, which carries a patent date of 1876, once served a crossing on the Maine Central Railroad. Modern electronic automatic crossing gates have replaced the old manual gate with its human operator. — Map (db m78362) HM
New Hampshire (Carroll County), North Conway — Flanger CV 4233
This unusual car has two air-operated flanger blades that drop down to remove snow from between the rails. The car is 34 feet long and weighs over 20 tons. The 4233 was built by the Erie Car Works of Erie, Pa. in 1891 for the Central Vermont Railway. In 1925 the CV rebuilt the flanger at their shops at St. Albans, Vt. The car was last used by the Grand Trunk Railway on their line bebtween Portland, Maine and Island Pond, Vermont. Retired in the early 1970's, the 4233 is now owned by Mr. & Mrs. David Lamson. — Map (db m78337) HM
New Hampshire (Carroll County), North Conway — Freight House
This freight house was built about 1872 by the Portsmouth, Great Falls & Conway Railroad. This building became the commercial center of the growing village of North Conway, as box car loads of supplies for the local merchants and farmers were unloaded into the building to await transfer to horse-drawn wagons for final delivery to the customers. Outgoing shipments of products of local farms and forests were handled through this building, too. A large platform scale was built into the floor to . . . — Map (db m78344) HM
New Hampshire (Carroll County), North Conway — Maine Central Instruction Car No. 2001
In 1914 the Pullman Company built this all steel car as a 87 seat coach-smoker for the Maine Central Railroad. It started out as Maine Central No. 252, and was later renumbered 209 with seating capacity reduced to 73, with 11 seats in the smoking compartment, and 62 non-smoking seats. In 1955 the car was renumbered 2001 and converted into an Instruction Car that traveled from one end of the Maine Central Railroad to the other. At various yards and terminals employees gathered in the car, now . . . — Map (db m78343) HM
New Hampshire (Carroll County), North Conway — North Conway 5¢ and 10¢ Store
North Conway 5¢ and 10¢ Store is listed on the National Register Of Historic Places by the United States Department of the Interior — Map (db m78246) HM
New Hampshire (Carroll County), North Conway — Roundhouse
Built Ca. 1874 by the Portsmouth, Great Falls, and Conway Railroad. For well over a century this sturdy old building, with its four stalls, has served as a shelter where locomotives can be repaired, serviced and stored. Over the years stalls have been lengthened, and doorways raised, in order to accommodate larger and more modern locomotives. The nearest track, here in Stall 1, has a pit between the rails to enable mechanics to crawl underneath the locomotive for inspection and repairs. — Map (db m78338) HM
New Hampshire (Carroll County), North Conway — Schouler Park
By vote of the Conway town meeting of 1924 the $3,000 bequest of Dr. James Schouler was used to buy this land from the Boston and Maine Railroad. It was deeded to the town on express condition that it be used only for a public park, and named by petition of citizens in 1961. — Map (db m78325) HM
New Hampshire (Carroll County), North Conway — To Those Who Served in the World War
A memorial to those who served in the World War from North Conway, New Hampshire 1917 1919 — Map (db m78326) WM
New Hampshire (Carroll County), North Conway — Wig Wag Signal
An approaching train sets this signal in motion, with the red disc swinging back and forth, the red lights flashing in sequence and the ringing of the warning bell. This obsolete machine, one of many similar ones that once guarded rural highways in New England, has been replaced with transistorized red flashing light signals. This particular device came from the Maine Central Railroad, as did the hand operated crossing gate across the rails from this signal. The wooden crossing gate carries a patent date of 1876! — Map (db m78361) HM
New Hampshire (Cheshire County), Chesterfield — 095 — Chief Justice Harlan Fiske Stone
Born October 11, 1872, in a modest cottage 1.7 miles southeast of here on Horseshoe Road, Stone graduated from Amherst College and Columbia Law School, returning to the latter as Dean, 1910-1924. Attorney General in President Coolidge’s Cabinet, he was appointed a Justice of the Supreme Court in 1924 and Chief Justice in 1941, serving until his death April 22, 1946. A teacher, lawyer, judge, and judicial craftsman of the highest order, he held the affection and respect of the lawyers of the nation. — Map (db m74560) HM
New Hampshire (Cheshire County), Hinsdale — 112 — Hinsdale's Auto Pioneer
In the Holman and Merriman Machine Shop opposite this location, George A. Long of Northfield (Mass.) in 1875 built a steam propelled four wheel automobile with a fifth wheel for steering. This vehicle, fired by hardwood charcoal, had a bicycle-type frame, ordinary wooden wheels, solid rear axle and could maintain 30 miles per hour, roads permitting. This early inventor patented and built another automobile, propelled by gasoline, now in The Smithsonian Institution. — Map (db m74561) HM
New Hampshire (Cheshire County), Hinsdale — 204 — Newhall & Stebbins
Formed in 1856, the firm Newhall & Stebbins began manufacturing the Granite State Field Mower in 1860. Machined out of cast iron with few bolts, the mowers were intended for use on the uneven terrain of New England farms. In 1870 the company employed 18 men and manufactured 525 mowing machines. They began to make lawn mowers in 1881 and lawn trimmers in 1906. By 1909 they made about 15,000 machines each year and exported all over the world. The business was bought by William S. Howe in 1917 and operated on Canal Street until 1962. — Map (db m74562) HM
New Hampshire (Cheshire County), Keene — Deacon Josiah Fisher
Near this spot Deacon Josiah Fisher was killed and scalped by an Indian, July 10, 1745, a pioneer settler of this town in 1734. — Map (db m70320) HM
New Hampshire (Cheshire County), Keene — 069 — Keene Glass Industry
The first of two famous Keene glass factories was established near this site in 1814 and produced window glass for the New England area until 1853. Another glass works (1815-1842), 1.5 miles southeast of here on Marlboro Street, made bottles and flasks now known as "Keene Glass" and prized today by museums and collectors. — Map (db m74563) HM
New Hampshire (Cheshire County), Keene — The First Meeting House in Upper Ashuelot
The First Meeting House in Upper Ashuelot, now Keene was built on this knoll in 1736-7. Here also was located the Burying Ground of the original settlers. Erected by Ashuelot Chapter Daughters of the American Revolution in 1913 — Map (db m59779) HM
New Hampshire (Cheshire County), Keene — The Old Fort
This boulder marks the site of the old fort built in 1738 by the early settlers of Upper Ashuelot as a refuge from the Indians. This memorial erected in 1906 by Ashuelot Chapter D.A.R. and Keene Chapter S.A.R. — Map (db m59781) HM
New Hampshire (Cheshire County), Keene — The Old Road to Boston
Erected by Ashuelot Chapter Daughters of the American Revolution, April 12, 1902, to mark the beginning of the Old Road to Boston, over which the soldiers of the revolution from Keene marched under Captain Isaac Wyman, April 21, 1775, in response to the Lexington alarum. — Map (db m59828) HM
New Hampshire (Cheshire County), Stoddard — 52 — Stoddard Glass
Glassmaking in this town covered the years 1842-1873. Nearby stood the South Stoddard Glass Works founded by Joseph Foster in 1842. A second works was erected in 1846 at Mill Village two miles north. In its day a major industry of the State, Stoddard glass products are now highly prized by collectors. — Map (db m77059) HM
New Hampshire (Cheshire County), Walpole — John Kilburn Cabin
On this field stood the cabin of John Kilburn The first settler of Walpole 1749 Here occurred his heroic defense against the Indians August 17, 1755 Erected by the Abigail Stearns Chapter Daughters of the American Revolution — Map (db m66284) HM WM
New Hampshire (Cheshire County), West Chesterfield — Site of First House in Chesterfield
Site of First House in Chesterfield Built November 1761 by Moses Smith — Map (db m44492) HM
New Hampshire (Coos County), Bean's Grant — 45 — Mount Washington Cog Railway
Completed in 1869 for $139,500, this unique railway was built through the genius and enterprise of Herrick and Walter Aiken of Franklin and Sylvester Marsh of Campton. Over three miles long, the average grade to the 6,293-foot summit is one foot in four. Made safe by toothed wheel and ratchet, it is the second steepest in the world and the first of its type. — Map (db m77797) HM
New Hampshire (Coos County), Berlin — 159 — Boom Piers
The small man-made 'islands' in the river were used to secure a chain of boom logs which divided the Androscoggin River during the colorful and dramatic annual log drives, when the Brown Paper Company and the International Paper Company shared the river from the forests far upriver to the mills at Berlin. The logs were stamped on the ends with a marking hammer to identify their ownership, and they were sorted at a 'sorting gap' further upriver. The log drives ended in 1963. The old piers . . . — Map (db m74564) HM
New Hampshire (Coos County), Carroll — 087 — Crawford House
Abel Crawford and son, Ethan Allen Crawford, built the first Crawford House in 1828. It was run by Ethan's brother, Thomas, until sold in 1852. Fires in 1854 and 1859 destroyed the original inn and a replacement. Col. Cyrus Eastman erected the third and present Crawford House. It opened July 1859 to continue a tradition of hospitality to White Mountain visitors. Among them have been Daniel Webster, Nathaniel Hawthorne, John Greenleaf Whittier and Presidents Pierce, Grant, Hayes, Garfield and Harding. — Map (db m75236) HM
New Hampshire (Coos County), Carroll — 122 — Mount Washington Hotel / Bretton Woods Monetary Conference
Mount Washington Hotel Standing to the east, the Mount Washington Hotel was completed in 1902 as one of the largest, most modern grand hotels in the White Mountains, one of the few built in a single campaign. Designed by New York architect Charles Alling Gifford (1861-1937), the hotel was financed by Concord, N.H. native Joseph Stickney (1840-1903), an industrialist who had purchased 10,000 acres here in 1881. Served by as many as 57 trains a day, the Mount Washington Hotel became known . . . — Map (db m77641) HM
New Hampshire (Coos County), Carroll — 30 — The Crawford Family
For whom the Notch is named, included Abel and his sons, Thomas J. and Ethan Allen. They established the first regional hotels and pioneered in opening the White Mountain area to the public. Ethan and his wife, Lucy Howe Crawford, author of an 1846 history of the region, are buried in a nearby cemetery. — Map (db m44299) HM
New Hampshire (Coos County), Carroll — 233 — Zealand and James Everell Henry
The village of Zealand grew up in 1875 to serve the logging industry. Henry owned 10,000 acres in the heart of the White Mtns., with a 10-mile railroad to move logs from forest to sawmill. The village had a post office, school, store, housing, and charcoal kilns to eke out every bit of forest value. Depending on the season, the logging business employed 80-250 men. By 1885, Henry left the Valley moving on to Lincoln, leaving the area mostly clear cut. From 1886-1903, fires destroyed the valley and village. — Map (db m74556) HM
New Hampshire (Coos County), Clarksville — 115 — 45th Parallel
At this point you stand on the 45th parallel halfway between the Equator and the North Pole. At this point you stand also at longitude 71° 24' West from Greenwich, England. A line from this point through the center of the earth would emerge in the Indian Ocean 982 miles southwest of Perth, Australia. — Map (db m75603)
New Hampshire (Coos County), Dixville Notch — 171 — Dixville Notch"First in the Nation"
New Hampshire has held the first-in-the-nation presidential primaries since 1920. With the first presidential "beauty contest" in 1952, our citizens have personally met the candidates and by popular ballot have declared their preference for their party's nominee. Since 1960, Dixville has been the first community in the state and country to cast its handful of votes in national elections. On election eve 100% of the eligible voters gather in the Ballot Room of the BALSAMS. At midnight polls open . . . — Map (db m74566) HM
New Hampshire (Coos County), Gorham — Mount Washington SummitThe Highest Wind Ever Observed
The highest wind ever observed by man was recorded here. From 1932 to 1937 the Mt. Washington Conservatory was operated in the summit stage office then occupying this site in a great storm of April 12, 1934. The crew’s instruments measured a wind velocity of 231 miles per hour. — Map (db m62065) HM
New Hampshire (Coos County), Jefferson — 152 — Cherry Mountain Slide
On July 10, 1885, at 6 a.m., a slide from Cherry Mountain's northern peak left a deep gash from Owl's Head to the valley. A million tons of boulders, trees and mud loosed by a cloudburst rolled and tumbled a tortuous two miles, destroying Oscar Stanley's new home and his cattle, barn and crops. Farm hand Don Walker, rescued from debris of the barn, died four days later; but Stanley's family was not there and was spared. Excursion trains and carriages brought people from far and wide to view . . . — Map (db m77633) HM
New Hampshire (Coos County), Jefferson — 229 — Granny Stalbird1755-1845
Known as Granny Stalbird, Deborah Vicker came through Crawford Notch c.1796 as cook for Col. Joseph Whipple. It is said she brought the first bible to the north country. She married Richard Stalbird and settled on land deeded to her by Whipple in payment for her service. She became the region's "doctress," a travelling herbalist who learned native wisdom about plants and healing. Stories of her knowledge, bravery, and dedication to settlers of this new frontier are part of the history of White Mountain settlement. — Map (db m77632) HM
New Hampshire (Coos County), Jefferson — 019 — Thaddeus S. C. Lowe1832-1913
Born nearby, this inventor and scientist gained unique distinction as a pioneer aeronaut in the United States. He organized and directed a military balloon force during the Civil War and later invented a number of important and basic devices for use in atmospheric observation and metallurgical processing. — Map (db m77635) HM
New Hampshire (Coos County), Lancaster — 173 — Lake Coos and the Presidential Range
Lancaster, founded in 1763, lies on the bed of glacial Lake Coos, formed as the glaciers receded 14,000 years ago. Today, the Connecticut, an American Heritage River, flows along the bottom of the ancient lake. You stand at a gateway to The Great North Woods Region. To the east, aligned from north to south, are Mounts Madison, Adams, Jefferson, and Washington, the highest peaks of the White Mountains' Presidential Range. Mt. Washington, at 6288 feet, is the highest in the Northeast. The . . . — Map (db m75697) HM
New Hampshire (Coos County), Lancaster — 219 — The Weeks Act1911
The Lodge atop Mt. Prospect was the summer home of John Wingate Weeks (1860-1926), renowned "Father of the Eastern National Forests," author of The Weeks Act, passed by the U.S. Congress, March 1, 1911. The Act enables the government to buy privately owned land to be "permanently reserved, held and administered as national forest lands," for the protection, development, and use of their natural resources. Much of the White Mountain National Forest (WMNF), one of the 48 forests made possible by . . . — Map (db m77613) HM
New Hampshire (Coos County), Lancaster — 084 — Wilder-Holton House
This Structure, erected by Major Jonas Wilder, from boards planed and nails wrought on the site, originally possessing a four-fireplace chimney and Indian shutters, is Coos County's first two-storey dwelling. Construction was initiated on the noted "Dark Day" of May 19, 1780, which caused work to cease temporarily. Successively a home, a tavern, a church, and a meeting place, it is now a museum. — Map (db m77609) HM
New Hampshire (Coos County), Pinkham's Grant — 011 — First Ascent of Mount Washington
Darby Field, a New Hampshire settler, accomplished this difficult feat in 1642 from a southerly approach. Partly guided by Indians and with only primitive equipment at his disposal, he is thus alleged to be the originator of all Mount Washington ascensions. — Map (db m77638) HM
New Hampshire (Coos County), Pittsburg — 001 — Republic of Indian Stream
In 1832 the settlers of the area between Indian Stream and Hall's Stream, claimed by both Canada and the United States, set up the independent republic of Indian Stream. Yielding to New Hampshire in 1836, Indian Stream became part of Pittsburg and in 1842 was recognized by treaty as United States territory. — Map (db m75611) HM
New Hampshire (Coos County), Randolph — 220 — The Ravine House1877-1963
In 1876 Abel Watson and his son Laban converted their farm on this site, facing King Ravine on Mt. Adams, into a summer boarding house. Enlarged in 1884 and subsequently, the Ravine House became a key institution in opening up the northern Presidential Range to trail builders and hikers. At its zenith between the two World Wars, the hotel accommodated some 100 guests, offering tennis courts, a bowling alley, trout fishing, a swimming pond, and hiking. It closed in 1960 and was razed in 1963. — Map (db m77634) HM
New Hampshire (Coos County), Stewartstown — 064 — 45th Parallel
As you stand at this point on the 45th parallel you are half way between the Equator and the North Pole. — Map (db m75633)
New Hampshire (Coos County), Stewartstown — 047 — Metallak
Hunter, trapper, fisherman and guide, well and favorably known by the region's early settlers, "The Lone Indian of the Magalloway" was the last survivor of a band of Abnaki inhabiting the Upper Androscoggin. Blinded by accidents, Metallak died a town charge in 1847 at the reputed age of 120. He is buried in the North Hill Cemetery on the road to the east. — Map (db m75602) HM
New Hampshire (Coos County), Stratford — 034 — Log Drives
The dramatic process of conveying lumber logs and pulpwood from northern New Hampshire forests to manufacturing centers, by driving them down the Connecticut River, spanned the turn into the Twentieth Century. Hardy crews of "white-water men" risked life and limb in the hazardous work of the annual spring drives. — Map (db m75601) HM
New Hampshire (Grafton County), Ashland — 163 — Boston, Concord, & Montreal Railroad
The Boston, Concord & Montreal Railroad was chartered in 1844. Construction of the main line began in Concord in 1846. The tracks were completed to Laconia in 1848, to Ashland in 1849, and to Wells River, Vermont in 1853. The B. C&M RR merged with the Concord Railroad in 1889 to form the Concord & Montreal & Maine Railroad in 1895. The B. C&M RR and its branch lines contributed greatly to the economic development of central and northern New Hampshire and to the growth of tourism in the Lakes Region and the White Mountains. — Map (db m74567) HM
New Hampshire (Grafton County), Ashland — 100 — George Hoyt Whipple
Nearby, on Pleasant Street, is the birthplace and childhood home of George Hoyt Whipple, pathologist, researcher and teacher. Dr. Whipple’s most significant research led to the development of the liver therapy for pernicious anemia. For his work, he shared the Nobel Prize for Medicine in 1934. — Map (db m74568) HM
New Hampshire (Grafton County), Ashland — Soldiers of Ashland Memorial
In Memory of the Soldiers of Ashland in the War. 1861-1865. Erected by the town. G.M. Keye’s Post G.A.R. and Woman’s Relief Corps. Dedicated May 30th 1899. Town Committee: Thomas E. Greney-6th N. H. Vol’s, Frank L. Hughes-12th N. H. Vol’s, Edward P. Warner-14th Ind. Vol’s — Map (db m65884) HM
New Hampshire (Grafton County), Bath — 217 — Bath Bridge
Erected in 1928, this riveted steel Warren truss span was built to replace a wooded span destroyed in the 1927 flood. This efficient truss design is based on a series of equilateral triangles with verticals added for strength. Boston Bridge Works fabricated the structure in Elmira, NY. Reflecting recent improvements in steel technology, the bridge incorporates rolled I-beams that minimized shop time and eased assembly in the field. This standard plan was also used in Bethlehem Hollow. — Map (db m75772) HM
New Hampshire (Grafton County), Bath — 121 — Bath, New Hampshire
Settled in 1766 by Jaasiel Harriman whose cabin was near the Great Rock. His nine year old daughter Mercy carried dirt in her apron to the top of this unique rock formation. Here she planted corn, pumpkins and cucumbers, making the first garden in town. Three well-preserved covered bridges are to be found here. Among its many fine homes is the Federal mansion built by Moses P. Payson in 1810. — Map (db m74569) HM
New Hampshire (Grafton County), Bethlehem — 198 — Alderbrook
Alderbrook developed around a sawmill built by H.C. Libbey in 1877. The Village grew to include a post office, a dozen company-owned houses, a boarding house, school and railroad station. The mill employed as many as 40 to 60 men and cut as much as 3 to 5 million board feet each year of lumber, clapboards, lath and shingles. It was sold to a Portland company in July 1909 and was destroyed by fire five months later. The blaze was likely started by a spark from a freight engine. The mill was not . . . — Map (db m77642) HM
New Hampshire (Grafton County), Bethlehem — 218 — Pierce Bridge
By 1920 the adjacent road, Rt. 302 was part of the Teddy Roosevelt (TR) Trail, which ran from Maine to Oregon. It was an important way for tourists to access the White Mountains. After the 1927 floods, many bridges needed to be quickly replaced. With vertical members in compression and diagonals in tension, the High Pratt truss was strong and easy to construct, making it a favorite of state highway engineers. This riveted steel span was erected in 1928, keeping this important crossing in use. — Map (db m44289) HM
New Hampshire (Grafton County), Easton — 200 — Wildwood
In this area of Easton (formerly part of Landaff and before that, Lincoln), the settlement of Wildwood once stood. At the turn of the 20th century Wildwood was a center for the "slash and run" logging of Mt. Moosilauke. The Village included a school, a post office, several sawmills, a boardinghouse and a few homes. West of here was a dam used in the spring drives that moved logs down the Wild Ammonoosuc River, from the mountains to southern New England mills. The last log drive on the river . . . — Map (db m75773) HM
New Hampshire (Grafton County), Franconia — A Bit of History
The land you see as you stand here all lies within the township of Lincoln, granted on January 31, 1764 to James Avery and others and named after Henry Clinton, ninth Earl of Lincoln. The original grant contained 32,456 acres. Settlers did not begin to arrive until after the American Revolution. The Gazetteer of New Hampshire published in 1856 had this to say about the grant. "Many portions of the town seem to have been designed by Nature as a residence for creatures of habits different from . . . — Map (db m76422) HM
New Hampshire (Grafton County), Franconia — Eastern Brook Trout
The fish you see in this pool are Eastern Brook Trout (Salvelinus Fontinalis), sometimes called Speckled or Native Trout, but best known as Squaretails.

Found throughout New Hampshire they thrive in the clear, cold waters of the northern park of the state, and have since "Colonial Times" been a favorite species with local fishermen.

Early settlers to this region reported the mountain streams as "being well populated with trout." The nearby Flume was discovered in 1808 by a 93 year old . . . — Map (db m76424) HM

New Hampshire (Grafton County), Franconia — Franconia Notch State Park
This 6,500 acre park is often called the Flagship of the New Hampshire state park system.

Called a "mountainous defile" by early settlers and travelers, this valley today is one of America's great parks. Some two million people from all over the world pass between these mountain walls each year.

To the east lies the Franconia Range, on the west Cannon Mountain and the Kinsman Peaks, in between Nature endowed this valley with many natural wonders--The Old Man of the Mountain, . . . — Map (db m76423) HM

New Hampshire (Grafton County), Franconia — Franconia Range
The mountains you are looking at are part of the Franconia Range and like the rest of the White Mountains are among the oldest in the world. They date back to a period in geological time more than 400 million years ago when this area was covered by an inland sea.

In the millions of years that followed, the sea drew back from the land and sedimentary rocks were exposed. Great compressional forces creating heat and pressure, cuased physical and chemical changes to take place. This was . . . — Map (db m76420) HM

New Hampshire (Grafton County), Franconia — 009 — Stone Iron Furnace
Due west stands New Hampshire's sole-surviving example of a post-Revolutionary furnace for smelting local iron ore. The industry flourished during first half of 19th century. It produced pig and bar iron for farm tools and cast iron ware, including famous "Franconia Stoves". — Map (db m77964) HM
New Hampshire (Grafton County), Franconia — The Flume
This narrow gorge 700 feet in length with walls of granite 60 to 70 feet high was formed thousands of years ago when magma, filled an east-west fracture in the side of Mt. Liberty. Erosion resulting from water flowing over this lava dike through the ages created the Flume you see today.

The walls of the Flume are overarched by a forest canopy and covered with mosses, ferns and flowers that in summer produce a tapestry of color. The floor of the gorge where Flume Brook flows is strewn with . . . — Map (db m76421) HM

New Hampshire (Grafton County), Haverhill — 104 — Ebenezer MacKintosh1737-1816
Born in Boston and a veteran of the 1758 Battle of Ticonderoga. As a known participant in the Boston Tea Party, for his own and his children’s safety, he walked to North Haverhill in early 1774. He later served in the Northern Army under Gen. Gates in 1777. He was a shoemaker by trade and practiced his vocation here for the rest of his life. He is buried nearby in Horse Meadow Cemetery. — Map (db m77798) HM
New Hampshire (Grafton County), Haverhill — 190 — Haverhill-Bath Bridge
Constructed in 1829 by the towns of Bath and Haverhill at a cost of about $2,400, this is one of the oldest covered bridges in the United States. Built with 3-by-10-inch planks that were probably sawn at an adjacent mill, the span is the earliest surviving example of the lattice bridge truss that was patented in 1820 by Connecticut architect Ithiel Town (1784-1844). The bridge was strengthened with laminated wooden arches in 1921-22 and the upstream sidewalk was added at about the same time. . . . — Map (db m77800) HM
New Hampshire (Grafton County), Haverhill — 056 — Rogers Rangers
The rivers’ junction two miles north was rendezvous for Rogers Rangers after their destruction of St. Francis, Que., Oct. 4, 1759. Pursuing Indians and starvation had plagued their retreat and more tragedy awaited here. The expected rescue party bringing food had come and gone. Many Rangers perished and early settlers found their bones along these intervales. — Map (db m77799) HM WM
New Hampshire (Grafton County), Holderness — 039 — Samuel Livermore1732-1803
Proprietor of more than half the Town of Holderness, this jurist, congressman and senator was New Hampshire’s first attorney general and second chief justice. In 1788 he spurred the State’s approval of the proposed Federal Constitution, thus insuring its ratification and the formation of the present Government of the United States. — Map (db m74570) HM
New Hampshire (Grafton County), Lincoln — 224 — Betty and Barney Hill Incident
On the night of September 19–20, 1961, Portsmouth, NH couple Betty and Barney Hill experienced a close encounter with an unidentified flying object and two hours of “lost” time while driving south on Rte 3 near Lincoln. They filed an official Air Force Project Blue Book report of a brightly-lit cigar-shaped craft the next day, but were not public with their story until it was leaked in the Boston Traveler in 1965. This was the first widely-reported UFO abduction report in the United States. — Map (db m74571) HM
New Hampshire (Grafton County), Lisbon — 070 — Old Coal Kiln
A reminder of bygone days, this stone structure was used to make wood into charcoal for the nearby iron smelters. Pine knots, a waste material from the adjacent lumber mill, were a prime source for charcoal. Charcoal production through this kiln, built in the 1860's, was necessary to the iron mining industry. — Map (db m77674) HM
New Hampshire (Grafton County), Littleton — 71 — Kilburn BrothersStereoscopic View Factory
Here, from 1867 to 1909, the world famous Kilburn brothers, Benjamin and Edward, produced and distributed thousands of stereoscopic views. Their collection, largest in the world and collector's items today, provided popular parlor entertainment for generations. — Map (db m44510) HM
New Hampshire (Grafton County), Littleton — 185 — Willowdale Settlement
Willowdale was established around a sawmill that was built in 1812. The village thrived because sawmills, gristmills, and a factory producing sawmill machinery were powered by the Ammonoosuc River. After the Littleton Lumber Company opened in 1870, the village grew rapidly to include stores, a post office, a school, railroad siding, and a hall. The company employed as many as 60 workers and produced 3 to 6 million board feet yearly until fire destroyed it in 1898. The village never recovered . . . — Map (db m74572) HM
New Hampshire (Grafton County), North Haverhill — Soldiers of Haverhill Memorial
In commemoration of the services of the services of the Soldiers of Haverhill in the Wars of the Country — Map (db m65833) WM
New Hampshire (Grafton County), Orford — 33 — The Ridge
Orford's seven Ridge houses were built over a period of time from 1773 to 1839 by professional and business men of the town. The Bulfinch-style house of John B. Wheeler, built in 1814-1816, southern-most in the row, was designed by a Boston architect, probably Asher Benjamin who was then an associate of Charles Bulfinch. Other Ridge houses also display Asher Benjamin influence. — Map (db m32090) HM
New Hampshire (Grafton County), Plymouth — Rotary AmphitheaterPlymouth Riverfront Park
Constructed by the Plymouth Rotary as a gift to the community, this space is intended as a celebration of our natural beauty and as a place for the enjoyment of good times together. — Map (db m65880) HM
New Hampshire (Grafton County), Plymouth — 179 — Smith Bridge
Named for local farmer Jacob Smith, the first bridge at this site was begun before 1786 and completed with the aid of a lottery authorized in that year. In 1850, contractor Harmon Marcy of Littleton, N.H. built a new bridge at a cost of about $2,700 using a pre-stressed wooden truss patented by Col. Stephen Harriman Long (1784-1864) of Hopkinton, N.H. After an arsonist burned the 143-year –old span in 1993, the state constructed this two-lane bridge. Built with glued-laminated timbers and . . . — Map (db m74575) HM
New Hampshire (Grafton County), Plymouth — 189 — Stream Gaging in New Hampshire
This is the site of the longest continuous stream gaging in New Hampshire. Daily measurement of the level of the Pemigewasset River was begun here in 1886 by the Locks and Canals Company of Lowell, Massachusetts, which controlled flowage in the Merrimack River and its headwaters. In 1903, with funding from the State o New Hampshire, the U.S. Geological Survey began to measure the discharge of the river to determine available waterpower and the effects of White Mountain deforestation. The . . . — Map (db m74576) HM
New Hampshire (Grafton County), Plymouth — The Common
In 1892 voters established this Park and voted to improve and ornament it. In 1905 the town built a bandstand designed by FW Bulfinch for use by the John Keniston Band. At G. Clarks urging, in 1932 the Pemigewasset Women’s Club created a Boy Scout statue (1 of 2 in USA), sculpted by GH Borst and donated by DW Burrows. The boulder base came from the Baker River. A plaque notes the inspiration Nathaniel Hawthorne drew from Plymouth. The Common remains a work in progress of a proud community. — Map (db m65881) HM
New Hampshire (Grafton County), Sugar Hill — 073 — First Ski School in America
In 1929, on the slopes of the hill to the east, Austrian-born Sig Buchmayr established the first organized ski school in the United States. Sponsored by Peckett's-on-Sugar Hill, one of the earliest resorts to promote the joys of winter vacationing in the snow, the school provided an initial impetus to the ski sport America knows today. — Map (db m77666) HM
New Hampshire (Hillsborough County), Manchester — 124 — Amoskeag Mills
Samuel Blodgett began a canal to bypass the steep falls in 1793, with money provided by a lottery. The canal was finished in 1807. Mills then sprang up on both sides of the river below the falls. The world renowned Amoskeg Manufacturing Company flourished here for a century, operating 64 mills, covering a mile and a half of ground, housing 700,000 spindles and 23,000 looms which turned out 500,000 yards of cloth each week. — Map (db m64872) HM
New Hampshire (Hillsborough County), Manchester — Merci Box Car
This Box Car was a restoration project of the Grand Voiture du N.H. of the Forty and Eight. This Box Car is one of the 49 Freedom cars sent by the French Government to each one of the 48 states and one to be shared by District of Columbia and Hawaii in 1949. This car is a Memorial to those who lost their lives in all wars and to Franco American friendship. — Map (db m19825) HM
New Hampshire (Hillsborough County), Manchester — 208 — St. Mary's Bank Credit Union / La Caisse Populaire Saint-Marie
Marker Front: The first credit union in the U.S. was founded here in 1908, the inspiration of Monsignor Pierre Hevey, the pastor of Sainte-Marie Parish. Monsignor Hevey sought to improve the economic stability of the French-speaking mill workers by giving them a safe and welcoming place to save and borrow money. Until 1913 the credit union was located here in the home of attorney Joseph Bolvin, its first president and manager. Initially open just evenings and holidays, the credit union . . . — Map (db m65149) HM
New Hampshire (Hillsborough County), Mason — 035 — Uncle Sam’s House
Nearby stands the boyhood home of Samuel Wilson (1766 to 1854) who was generally known as “Uncle Sam.” He supplied beef to the Army in 1812. The brand on his barrel was “U.S.” The transition from U.S. to Uncle Sam followed and became the popular symbol for the United States. — Map (db m75238) HM
New Hampshire (Hillsborough County), Merrimack — 079 — Matthew Thornton1714 - 1803
One of three New Hampshiremen to sign the Declaration of Independence, Matthew Thornton, physician, soldier, patriot, agitated against the Stamp Act of 1765, presided over the Provincial Congress in 1775, served in the State Senate and as an associate justice of the Superior Court. The nearby monument honors his memory. He is buried in the adjacent cemetery. His homestead stands directly across the highway. — Map (db m74577) HM
New Hampshire (Hillsborough County), Peterborough — The War Of The RebellionPeterborough Soldiers Sacrificed
Capt. Gustavus A. Forbush 13th N.H. Regt. • Lieut. Timothy K. Ames 6th “ “ • Lieut. Charles L. Fuller 6th N.H. Regt. • Lieut. John M. Dodd 6th “ “ Charles O. Collister 2nd N.H. Regt. • Newman Hall 2nd “ “ • Edward Bolio 2nd “ “ • Frank E. Howe 2nd “ “ • George Welding 4th “ “ • Luther G. Crosby 4th “ “ • German N. Breed 5th “ “ • George M. Spaulding 5th “ “ • George W. Hadley 6th . . . — Map (db m73732) WM
New Hampshire (Merrimack County), Boscawen — Birthplace of Gen. John A. Dix
Born July 24, A.D. 1798. "If anyone attempts to haul down the American flag, shoot him on the spot." — Map (db m66408) HM
New Hampshire (Merrimack County), Boscawen — Birthplace of Hon. Moody Currier
Born April 6, A.D. 1806. Editor, Banker, Poet, Legislator and Scholar. Governor of New Hampshire 1885-1887. — Map (db m66407) HM
New Hampshire (Merrimack County), Boscawen — Birthplace of William Pitt Fessenden
Birthplace of William Pitt Fessenden. Born Oct. 6, A.D. 1806. United States Senator from Maine for thirteen years. Secretary of the U.S. Treasury 1864-1865. — Map (db m66404) HM
New Hampshire (Merrimack County), Boscawen — Daniel Webster's First Law Office
Near this spot A.D. 1805 stood the first law office of Daniel Webster the great interpreter of the American Constitution. One of the world's great orators. "Liberty and Union, one and inseparable, now and forever." — Map (db m66772) HM
New Hampshire (Merrimack County), Boscawen — Site Of First Fort A.D. 1739
Site of First Fort. A.D. 1739 One hundred feet square. Built of hewn logs. Erected by the town of Boscawen — Map (db m77998) HM
New Hampshire (Merrimack County), Boscawen — The Webster Homestead
First owned by Daniel Webster in 1805. Sold in 1807 to to his brother Ezekiel, who occupied it until his death in 1829. Eminent as a lawyer and legislator, foremost in all good works, Ezekiel Webster's early death was an irreparable loss to the town, state, and nation. — Map (db m43498) HM
New Hampshire (Merrimack County), Bow — 36 — Andrew Jackson’s Visit
Just north of this point, on the boundary between Bow and Concord a large cavalcade of enthusiastic citizens met President Jackson and escorted him to New Hampshire’s Capital. His official reception by the State Government on the following day, June 29, 1833, marked the conclusion of a triumphal New England tour. — Map (db m77801) HM
New Hampshire (Merrimack County), Concord — A Gift from Mary Baker G. Eddy
The discoverer and founder of Christian Science to First Church of Christ Scientist Concord, New Hampshire — Map (db m76438) HM
New Hampshire (Merrimack County), Concord — Daniel Webster
Born at Salisbury New Hampshire Jan. 18th 1782 Died at Marshfield Massachusetts Oct. 24th 1852 Presented by Benjamin Pierce Cheney to the State of New Hampshire Jan. 18th 1886. — Map (db m76428) HM
New Hampshire (Merrimack County), Concord — Dedicated to You, A Free Citizen in a Free LandNew Hampshire's Liberty Bell Replica
This reproduction of the Liberty Bell was presented to the people of New Hampshire by direction of The Honorable John W. Snyder Secretary of the Treasury As the inspirational symbol of the United States Savings Bonds Independence Drive from May 16 to July 4,1950, it was displayed in every part of this state The dimensions and tone are identical with those of the original Liberty bell when it rang out our independence in 1776. In standing before this symbol, you have the opportunity . . . — Map (db m76426) HM
New Hampshire (Merrimack County), Concord — Franklin Pierce
Fourteenth President of the United States Born at Hillsborough New Hampshire November 23, 1804 A lawyer who loved his profession amd was a great leader in it. Member New Hampshire Legislature at 25 and Speaker at 27 Congressman at 29 United States Senator at 32 and resigned at 37 Later in life declined the office of Attorney General of the United States, that of Secretary of War The United States Senatorship and Governorship of his State President of the New Hampshire Constitutional Convention . . . — Map (db m76430) HM
New Hampshire (Merrimack County), Concord — 080 — Franklin Pierce1804 – 1869
Fourteenth President of the United States (1853 – 1857) Lies buried in nearby Minot enclosure. Native son of New Hampshire, graduate of Bowdoin College, lawyer, effective political leader, Congressman and U.S. Senator, Mexican War veteran, courageous advocate of States’ Rights, he was popularly known as “Young Hickory of the Granite Hills.” — Map (db m77802) HM
New Hampshire (Merrimack County), Concord — George Hamilton Perkins
Commodore United States Navy Born at Hopkinton New Hampshire October 20, 1835 Died at Boston Massachusetts October 28 1899 Entered the Navy as midshipman October 1, 1851 and served his country with honor forty eight years Genial and lovable as a man. Able and resourceful as an officer. Gallant and inspiring as a leader--His intrepid conduct at the Passage of the forts below New Orleans. His heroism at the surrender of that city. His skill and daring on notable occasions on the Mississippi . . . — Map (db m76436) HM
New Hampshire (Merrimack County), Concord — In Grateful Tribute
In Grateful tribute to the men and women of this city who served our country to preserve the freedoms of humanity 1941 - World War II - 1945 1950 - Korea - 1953 1958 - Vietnam - 1975 Erected by the citizens of Concord November 11, 1953 Vietnam Ronald D. Roach • Everett P. Runnells • Thomas J. Saltmarsh • Michael J. Saunders • Gerald C. Seybold • Douglas E. Stover • Allan F. Sullivan • Gary C. Towle • Arthur E. Demers, Jr. • Philip G. Desmarais • William R. Douilette, Jr. • Edward F. . . . — Map (db m76435) WM
New Hampshire (Merrimack County), Concord — John P. Hale
Rear First Anti-slavery U. S. Senator He secured the abolition of flogging and the spirit ration in the Navy Born at Rochester 1806 Died at Dover 1873

Side The measure of my ambition will be full if when my wife and children shall repair to my grave to drop the tear of affection to my memory they may read on my tombstone He who lies beneath surrendered office, place and power rather than bow down and worship slavery.

Side Presented to the State of New Hampshire . . . — Map (db m76427) HM

New Hampshire (Merrimack County), Concord — Maj. Gen. John Stark
Born in Londonderry N.H. Aug 28 1728 Died in Manchester N.H. May 8 1822 Erected by the State of New Hampshire A.D. 1890 Bennington Bunker Hill — Map (db m77061) HM
New Hampshire (Merrimack County), Concord — 105 — Mary Baker Eddy1821 - 1910
While living at her "Pleasant View" home (1892 - 1908) once on this site, Mrs. Eddy founded The First Church of Christ, Scientist in Boston, Mass., headquarters of the Christian Science movement. From "Pleasant View" some six miles from her birthplace in Bow, she guided its worldwide activities and gained fame as a religious leader and writer. The buildings erected on this site in 1927 served as a home for retired Christian Science practitioners and nurses until 1975. — Map (db m77803) HM
New Hampshire (Merrimack County), Concord — 175 — New Hampshire's Presidential Primary
Since 1920, New Hampshire has held its presidential primary election before any other state. Changes in New Hampshire law in 1949 made the primary a direct selection of presidential aspirants, not a mere choice of delegates pledged to specific nominees. Held in February or March, during the week preceding any similar election elsewhere, the New Hampshire primary has become a critical first step on the road to the White House. Taking their responsibility seriously, New Hampshire voters test . . . — Map (db m77804) HM
New Hampshire (Merrimack County), Concord — Site of Rumford Garrison No. 6
A round house of Joseph Hall to which were assigned May 15, 1746 fifteen settlers with their families. — Map (db m76434) HM
New Hampshire (Merrimack County), Concord — 066 — State Capitol
The State Capitol Building of New Hampshire was built in 1816-19 by Stuart J. Park. It is constructed of New Hampshire granite quarried in Concord. The original part was occupied June 2, 1819 and is the nation's oldest State Capitol in which a legislature meets in its original chambers. — Map (db m77813) HM
New Hampshire (Merrimack County), Concord — 125 — The Pierce Manse
One tenth of a mile east of here stands the only house in Concord owned (1842-1848) by Franklin Pierce, 14th President of the United States. Removed to this site in 1971 from Montgomery Street, it was restored by the Pierce Brigade. Opened to the public in 1974, it is now an important tourist attraction. — Map (db m75240) HM
New Hampshire (Rockingham County), Exeter — 131 — Brigadier General Enoch Poor
Born in Andover, Mass. June 21, 1736, Enoch Poor settled in Exeter, becoming a successful merchant and ship-builder. In 1775 he was appointed colonel in the 3rd New Hampshire Regiment. Poor was at Stillwater, Saratoga and Monmouth, and served under Washington, Sullivan and Lafayette. Congress commissioned him Brigadier General in 1777. Mortally wounded in a duel he fought September 8, 1781, he was buried in the First Reformed churchyard in Hackensack, New Jersey. — Map (db m75241) HM
New Hampshire (Rockingham County), Exeter — 097 — Exeter Town House
The historic Town House of Exeter stood near this site. Here on January 5, 1776, the Provincial Congress adopted and signed the first state constitution thereby establishing an independent state government, the first of the thirteen colonies. The newly created legislative Assembly met here during the Revolution. The Town House remained in use until replaced by a new structure in 1793. — Map (db m75242) HM
New Hampshire (Rockingham County), Exeter — George Leonard Smith Gun
This cannon was presented by Captain George Leonard Smith, U.S.N. (1876-1951) to honor Exeter’s veterans of World War II. Captain Smith was a native son of Exeter, a prolific inventor, and a veteran of three wars. This cannon incorporates the breech mechanism he invented, which was used on land and sea by the United States and Great Britain during World War I & World War II. His invention was of incalculable value to the triumph of freedom. — Map (db m31541) HM
New Hampshire (Rockingham County), Exeter — 161 — Ladd-Gilman House
Built about 1721 as one of New Hampshire’s earliest brick houses, and enlarged and clapboarded in the 1750s, this dwelling served as the state treasury during the Revolution. Here were born John Taylor Gilman (1753-1828), who was elected governor for an unequalled total of fourteen years, and his brother Nicholas Gilman, Jr. (1755-1814), a signer of the U. S. Constitution. The house has been maintained since 1902 by the Society of the Cincinnati. — Map (db m75243) HM
New Hampshire (Rockingham County), Exeter — Powder House— 1771 —
At this site on the Squamscott river stands the storehouse for the town’s powder used during the American Revolution and the War of 1812. Powder captured from the British at New Castle was stored here and later used at the Battle of Bunker Hill. — Map (db m41157) HM
New Hampshire (Rockingham County), Exeter — Powder House— 1771 —
Directly across the Squamscott river stands the storehouse for the towns powder used during the American Revolution and the War of 1812. Powder captured from the British at New Castle was stored here and later used at the Battle of Bunker Hill. — Map (db m41158) HM
New Hampshire (Rockingham County), Exeter — 032 — Revolutionary Capital
Founded by Rev. John Wheelwright in 1638, Exeter was one of the four original towns in the colony. Following New Hampshire’s provisional declaration of independence on January 5, 1776, it served as the capital of the new state during the period of the American Revolution. — Map (db m75244) HM
New Hampshire (Rockingham County), Exeter — Site of the First Mill At Falls of the Squamscott River
A grist mill built by Thomas Wilson in 1640. The island and site were granted to him by the town which reserved the right for canoe landing and the laying of fish. Wilson’s Creek flows on the easterly side. — Map (db m41156) HM
New Hampshire (Rockingham County), Kingston — 046 — Josiah Bartlett— 1729–1795 —
Distinguished participant in the founding of the Republic as signer of the Declaration of Independence and Articles of Confederation, and prominent in this State as Chief Justice of two courts and first holder of the title of Governor. An innovator in medicine, he practiced in this town for forty-five years. — Map (db m75245) HM
New Hampshire (Rockingham County), Manchester — Manchester Spanish-American War Memorial
This monument erected by the city of Manchester to her sons who on land and sea defended the nation's honor in the war with Spain, the insurrection in the Philippines and the China Relief Expedition 1898-1902 Dedicated July 4, 1929. — Map (db m73200) WM
New Hampshire (Rockingham County), Northwood — 181 — First New Hampshire Turnpike
Extending 36 miles from Piscataqua Bridge in Durham to the Merrimack River in East Concord, this highway was originally a toll road. The first of more than 80 New Hampshire turnpikes built by private corporations in the nineteenth century, this was the only one connecting Portsmouth, the state's seaport, with the interior settlements. Chartered in 1796, the corporation began to build the road about 1801. Much of the present Route 4 follows the four rod (66 foot) right-of-way of this first turnpike. — Map (db m77814) HM
New Hampshire (Rockingham County), Northwood — 024 — LaFayette's Tour
Upon invitation of President Monroe, issued at the request of the Congress, Marquis de LaFayette, Revolutionary War hero, revisited the United States for a goodwill tour which included an extensive visit to New Hampshire towns. He passed this spot June 23, 1825, traveling between Concord and Dover. — Map (db m77815) HM
New Hampshire (Rockingham County), Northwood — Northwood Parade 1775
Site of Meeting House 1781-1847 Center School House 1793-1996 Town House 1847 Shoe Shop ca. 1880 Moved Here - 1968 First N.H. Turnpike 1802 — Map (db m76453) HM
New Hampshire (Rockingham County), Portsmouth — 18 Congress
On this site were leased lots provided by the North Church Parish dating from 1709. One such parcel was the home of Hunking Wentworth, Chairman of the Committee of Public Safety and zealous patriot on behalf of the American Revolution. The site was also the continuous location of commercial establishments, including the Colonial Theatre, until a fire in 1960 caused the removal of most of the buildings. — Map (db m76460) HM
New Hampshire (Rockingham County), Portsmouth — Frank Jones's Hotels
Frank Jones (1832-1902) was a Barrington-born farmboy who came to Portsmouth as a teenager and literally rose from rags to riches in a remarkable short time. A man of boundless energy and daring, he parlayed the fortune he amassed as a brewer of ale into vastly greater wealth through investments in a myriad of enterprises, including banking, insurance, and shoe manufacturing. Among his most successful ventures were his Rockingham and Wentworth hotels.

Frank Jones "King of the Alemakers" . . . — Map (db m76456) HM

New Hampshire (Rockingham County), Portsmouth — John Paul Jones House
Has been designated a Registered National Historic Landmark Under the provisions of the Historic Sites Act of August 21, 1935 This site possesses exceptional value in commemorating or illustrating the history of the United States U.S. Department of the Interior National Park Service 1973 — Map (db m76458) HM
New Hampshire (Rockingham County), Portsmouth — Liberty Pole and Bridge
Legend Records "Liberty, Property & no Stamps" on a flag flown on the first Portsmouth Liberty Pole in January 1766, in response to British attempts to tax products without American representation in Parliament, the Portsmouth Sons of Liberty returned the royal commission of the local stamp agent to England. They then erected a flagstaff and rechristened the old span "Liberty Bridge" - a name it bore until the City filled the waterway in 1899. A new pole, erected with public donations in . . . — Map (db m76579) HM
New Hampshire (Rockingham County), Portsmouth — Nation's Oldest Bank
[Upper Marker:] 22/26 Market Square Built 1803 The Oldest Bank Building New Hampshire Bank 1803-1842 Portsmouth Savings Bank 1823-C.1950 Piscataqua Bank 1842-1863 Piscataqua Exchange Bank 1844-1863 First National Bank of Portsmouth 1863-C.1950 Portsmouth Trust Company C.1950-1977 Restored by James A. Shanley 1977 - 1978 Listed in the National Register of Historic Places September 10, 1979 [Lower Marker:] In 1782 the New Hampshire Bank opened . . . — Map (db m74731) HM
New Hampshire (Rockingham County), Portsmouth — Negro PewsPortsmouth Black Heritage Trail
Until the mid 1800's, most New England churches assigned pews to parishioners by their social rank. Black people, enslaved or free, usually were seated as far as possible from the pulpit. Negro pews in the North Meetinghouse, which stood here from 1711 to 1854, were located in the upper balcony high above the front door. — Map (db m57930) HM
New Hampshire (Rockingham County), Portsmouth — 0114 — North Cemetery
The town of Portmouth purchased this land in 1753 for 150 pounds from Col. John Hart, Commander of the N.H. Regiment at Louisburg. General William Whipple, signer of the Declaration of Independence, Gov. John Langdon, signer of the Constitution, Capt. Thomas Thompson, of the Continental ship Raleigh, are among the noted citizens buried here. — Map (db m74579) HM
New Hampshire (Rockingham County), Portsmouth — Oracle HouseCirca 1702
The Oracle House is one of the oldest houses in New England. it was built by the Honorable Richard Wibird, an officer in the British Royal Navy, wealthy merchant, member of The King's Council and a benefactor of Harvard College. — Map (db m23380) HM
New Hampshire (Rockingham County), Portsmouth — Point of Graves
This burial ground has some of the finest Colonial Era gravestones in northern New England. Portsmouth residents patronized Massachusetts gravestone carvers until the early 1800s. Among the artists whose work can be found here are Bostonians William Mumford, a Quaker; Nathaniel Emmes; John Homer; and the carver known only by his initials "JN" (possibly the silversmith John Noyes). Other carvers include brothers Caleb and Nathaniel Lamson and possibly their father and mentor, Joseph, of . . . — Map (db m76581) HM
New Hampshire (Rockingham County), Portsmouth — Point of Graves
This cemetery was formally established in 1671 on land given to the town by Captain John Pickering. The land was used for burials prior to this time, but because Pickering retained the right to graze his cattle here, many of the earliest gravestones were probably knocked down and lost. Many people important in Portsmouth's early history are buried here.

Anne Jaffrey d. 1682 The wife of a Scottish merchant and shipowner, Anne died shortly after bearing her son, George Jr. The oldest . . . — Map (db m76582) HM

New Hampshire (Rockingham County), Portsmouth — Temple Israel1910
First Permanent Jewish House of Worship in New Hampshire Star of David New Hampshire's Jewish community dates back to the pre colonial ear. Temple Israel, established as a formally organized community in 1910, affirmed the American principles of freedom of religion and assembly. — Map (db m76462) HM
New Hampshire (Rockingham County), Portsmouth — The Original New Hampshire State House
Located in Market Square Seat of Colonial Government, 1758 - 1776 The Declaration of Independence was read from the Building, July 18, 1776 President George Washington spoke from the Balcony, October 31, 1789 — Map (db m76461) HM
New Hampshire (Rockingham County), Portsmouth — Treaty of Portsmouth 1905
September 5, 1905 - A day now commemorated statewide as Portsmouth Peace Treaty Day - marks the signing of the Portsmouth Peace Treaty at the Portsmouth Naval Shipyard. The Treaty brought to a close the first great war of the twentieth century, which was fought between Japan and Russia over control of Korea and Manchuria.

Citizen diplomacy - the effect of the New Hampshire hosts on the diplomats - significantly contributed to the successful negotiations. Throughout the proceedings, and . . . — Map (db m76455) HM

New Hampshire (Rockingham County), Rye — 063 — Atlantic Cable Station and Sunken Forest
The receiving station for the first Atlantic cable, laid in 1874, is located on Old Beach Road opposite this location. The remains of the Sunken Forest (remnants of the Ice Age) may be seen at low tide. Intermingled with these gnarled stumps is the original Atlantic cable. — Map (db m74580) HM
New Hampshire (Rockingham County), Rye — 018 — Isles Of Shoals
About six miles offshore, these nine rocky islands served Europeans as a fishing station before the first mainland settlements were made in 1623. Capt John Smith (1580-1631) named the group "Smiths Isles" in 1614. The codfish that "shoaled" or schooled there in huge numbers were a prized delicacy that supported 300 to 600 inhabitants before the revolution. By the end of the mid - 1800s, new hotels attracted a summer colony of writers and artists, chief of whom was Celia Thaxter (1835-1984). The . . . — Map (db m74581) HM
New Hampshire (Strafford County), Dover — 165 — The Alexander Scammell Bridge over the Bellamy River
A Revolutionary patriot, soldier, and adopted son of Durham, N.H., Alexander Scammell served with distinction through six years of the war from Bunker Hill to Yorktown, where he was wounded, captured, and died six days later, Oct. 6, 1781. Born in Mendon (now Milford) Mass., 1747, he attended Harvard, studied law under John Sullivan. Named Adjutant General of the Army at Valley Forge, he was praised by Washington who said after a long campaign, "The man who inspired us to do our full duty was . . . — Map (db m74582) HM WM
New Hampshire (Strafford County), Newington — The Oldest Town Forest in the United States
Established by the Town of Newington in 1710 The income from timber cutting through the centuries has financed and supplied materials for building The Old 1872 Town Hall, The Stone Schoolhouse, and other town projects. — Map (db m73409) HM
New Hampshire (Sullivan County), Charlestown — Captain Phineas Stevens
This tablet commemorates the successful defense of the fort on this site by Captain Phineas Stevens and his company of rangers against a large war-party of French and Indians April 7-10 1747 — Map (db m66278) HM
New Hampshire (Sullivan County), Charlestown — Charlestown Civil War and World War Memorial
South Panel 1861 In Memoriam 1865 Lists names Abbott to Kelly North Panel 1861 In Memoriam 1865 Lists names Keen to Way West Panel Honor Roll 1917-1919 Dedicated to the men of Charlestown New Hampshire who served their country in the World War Lists names Ahern to Wilson — Map (db m66283) WM
New Hampshire (Sullivan County), Charlestown — Charlestown War Memorial
Given in memory to those who gave their lives and those who served in defense of freedom and democracy in Vietnam - Lebanon - Granada Panama - Persian Gulf * David E Gardner Vietnam * Todd C Ritch Persian Gulf — Map (db m66281) WM
New Hampshire (Sullivan County), Charlestown — Charlestown World War II and Korean Conflict Memorial
In memory of those who gave their lives and those who served in World War II and the Korean Conflict 1941-1953 — Map (db m66282) WM
New Hampshire (Sullivan County), Charlestown — 177 — Charlestown, New HampshireHome Town of Carlton E. "Pudge" Fisk
Carlton attended Charlestown schools, starring in basketball, soccer and baseball at Charlestown High School. He played professional baseball for the Boston Red Sox and the Chicago White Sox from 1969 to 1993, where he set several records including most home runs by a catcher and most games caught. He was honored as the first ever unanimous choice Rookie of the Year in 1972. He was voted to the American League All Star team eleven times. Carlton was inducted into the Baseball Hall of Fame in 2000. — Map (db m74583) HM
New Hampshire (Sullivan County), Charlestown — 002 — Fort at No. 4
In 1744 the settlers at No. 4 (now Charlestown) built a great log fort enclosing many of the town's dwelling. The fort, northernmost in the Connecticut Valley, was besieged in 1747 by a large force of French and Indians, who were beaten off by the 31-man garrison in a 3-day battle. The fort was never again attacked. — Map (db m74584) HM WM
New Hampshire (Sullivan County), Charlestown — 117 — General John Stark's Expedition to BenningtonAugust 1777
To impede a British invasion from Canada into eastern New York, the New Hampshire legislature on July 19, 1777, commissioned John Stark of Derryfield to recruit and lead a force of 1500 New Hampshire militiamen. At Charlestown’s Fort No. 4, forces were assembled with food, medical supplies and military stores. On August 3, they marched west and in the famed Battle of Bennington on August 16, they defeated the combined British-German forces, thereby achieving a major turning point of the war. — Map (db m74585) HM
New Hampshire (Sullivan County), Charlestown — Liberty Tree Memorial
Front Panel This American Liberty Elm was named after "The Liberty Tree: Our Country's first Symbol of Freedom." On the morning of August 14, 1765, the people of Boston awakened to discover two effigies suspended from an elm tree in protest of the hated Stamp Act. From that day forward that elm became known as "The Liberty Tree." It stood in silent witness to countless meetings, speeches and celebrations, and became the rallying place for the Sons of Liberty. In August of 1775, as a . . . — Map (db m66280) HM
New Hampshire (Sullivan County), Charlestown — This Boulder from the Hill-Side
This boulder from the hill-side is set here by citizens of Charlestown with the co-operation of the Union Historical Society of Charlestown N.H. and Springfield VT and of the Society of Colonial Wars, in the State of New Hampshire to mark the site of the old fort, built in 1743. Dedicated August 30, 1904, being the 158th anniversary of the Indian raid. — Map (db m65797) HM
New Hampshire (Sullivan County), Cornish — 158 — Cornish-Windsor Bridge
Built in 1866 at a cost of $9,000, this is the longest wooden bridge in the United States and the longest two-span covered bridge in the world. The fourth bridge at this site, the 460-foot structure was built by Bela J. Fletcher (1811-1877) of Claremont and James F. Tasker (1826-1903) of Cornish, using a lattice truss patented by architect Ithiel Town in 1820 and 1835. Built as a toll bridge by a private corporation, the span was purchased by the state of New Hampshire in 1936 and made toll-free in 1943. — Map (db m74586) HM
New Hampshire (Sullivan County), Cornish — 076 — Salmon Portland Chase1808 - 1873
In this house was born Salmon P. Chase, U.S. Senator from Ohio (1849-55), Governor of Ohio (1855-59), a founder of the Republican Party and leader in the anti-slavery movement. After serving as Secretary of the Treasury in Lincoln’s Cabinet, he was appointed Chief Justice of the United States. The Chase Manhattan Bank in New York was named in his honor, — Map (db m74587) HM
New Hampshire (Sullivan County), North Charlestown — North Charlestown Village
Est. 1740 National Register District — Map (db m65799) HM
New Hampshire (Sullivan County), Washington — 94 — Birthplace of the Seventh Day Adventist Church
In April 1842, a group of citizens in this town banded together to form "the first Christian Society." In the Adventist movement of 1842-43, they espoused the Advent hope. In January 1842, these Washington Sabbathkeepers, after meeting for many years as a loosely knit group, organized the first Seventh Day Adventist Church. Take second left, opposite the Common, 2.3 miles on the Millen Pond Road to the site of this building. — Map (db m73224) HM
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