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MARKER DATABASE
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
 
 

Nova Scotia Historical Markers

Acadian Dykeland Marker image, Click for more information
By Barry Swackhamer, June 17, 2014
Acadian Dykeland Marker
Nova Scotia (Annapolis County), Annapolis Royal — Acadian DykelandLes terres endiguées des Acadiens
English When the French settled at Port-Royal in the early 1600s, the shores of the Annapolis River were bordered with tidal salt marsh. In the 1630s, the French at Port-Royal started reclaiming this fertile land by building dykes. The . . . — Map (db m78488) HM
Nova Scotia (Annapolis County), Annapolis Royal — Annapolis Royal Historic DistrictL’arrondissement historique d’Annapolis Royal
English From its strategic setting, Annapolis Royal has witnessed pivotal events in the history of European settlement in Canada. Located on a former Mi’kmaq meeting place, the townsite and its environs were known as Port-Royal by the . . . — Map (db m78670) HM
Nova Scotia (Annapolis County), Annapolis Royal — Captures of Port Royal1654 (&) 1710
In commemoration of the captures of Port Royal by New England expeditions under Maj. Robert Sedgwick 1654 and Colonel Francis Nicholson 1710. In this second expedition Col. Samuel Vetch was Adjutant-General. There were 36 transports, 4 ships of 60 . . . — Map (db m78439) HM
Nova Scotia (Annapolis County), Annapolis Royal — CemeteriesLes Cimetières
English Two cemeteries are located in this burial ground: the earlier Acadian parish cemetery and the later Church of England cemetery. The wooden markers once placed on most of the graves have long since decayed. The gravestones that . . . — Map (db m78605) HM
Nova Scotia (Annapolis County), Annapolis Royal — Charles Fort / Le fort CharlesCharles de Menou d’Aulnay — (ca. 1604-1650) / (v.1604-1650)
Two markers are located on these monument. Charles Fort / Le fort Charles English A group of about 70 Scottish settlers began a colony here in 1629, eight years after King James I granted ‘Nova Scotia’ to Sir William . . . — Map (db m78486) HM
Nova Scotia (Annapolis County), Annapolis Royal — Daniel Auger de Subercase
In memory of Daniel Auger de Subercase 1663-1732 Chevalier of the Military Order of St. Louis, last French commander of this fort and defender of Acadie. Honour to unsuccessful valour — Map (db m78442) HM
Nova Scotia (Annapolis County), Annapolis Royal — Duvivier AttackL’attaque de Duvivier
English In September 1744, French soldiers and Aboriginal warriors attacked this fort. The took advantage of the overcast and rainy weather to attack at night under cover of darkness, sometimes managing to slip onto the outer works of the . . . — Map (db m78606) HM
Nova Scotia (Annapolis County), Annapolis Royal — Early Use of SiteL’utilisation de l’endroit à l’origine
English Before you, the Allain and Annapolis rivers meet, creating a stopping place used by travelers for many centuries. The Annapolis River makes access to the site easy, while the natural rise of land provides a good view downstream. . . . — Map (db m78483) HM
Nova Scotia (Annapolis County), Annapolis Royal — Fort Anne, a Bastioned FortLe Fort Anne, fort à bastions
English Forts like this are called bastioned forts after one other principal pars - the bastion. The fort’s shape creates areas of crossfire which allow the land surrounding the fort to be moere easily defended. From the late 1600s to the . . . — Map (db m78598) HM
Nova Scotia (Annapolis County), Annapolis Royal — Glebe LandsHistoric Lower Saint George Street
The modern-day market in Annapolis Royal sits on land that for much of the town’s history was church property. The earliest Roman Catholic Church, built of stone, was located next to the fort and destroyed following Sir William Phips’ capture of . . . — Map (db m78720) HM
Nova Scotia (Annapolis County), Annapolis Royal — Jean Paul Mascarenec. 1694-1760
English A French Huguenot in the British army, Mascarene served here from 1710 to 1750. He was a member of the Council of Nova Scotia (1720-50), lieutenant-colonel of Philipps’ Regiment (1742-50), and administrator and commander in chief . . . — Map (db m78491) HM
Nova Scotia (Annapolis County), Annapolis Royal — Major Erasmus James Philipps
. . . — Map (db m78700) HM
Nova Scotia (Annapolis County), Annapolis Royal — Masonic Stone of 1606
1738 - 2013 This replica of the Masonic stone of 1606 was presented to the Masons of Nova Scotia as a gift from the Most Wor. Bro. Roy F. Lively past Grand Master of Nova Scotia 2008-2009 commemorating the 275th Anniversary of Masonry in Nova . . . — Map (db m78668) HM
Nova Scotia (Annapolis County), Annapolis Royal — Port-Royal
English When the French first came to the Annapolis Basin, Samuel de Champlain called it “Port-Royal” in recognition of its great size. Eventually, the area surrounding the basin and along the Annapolis River became known as . . . — Map (db m78449) HM
Nova Scotia (Annapolis County), Annapolis Royal — Queen’s WharfLe Quai de la Couronne
English Since the 1740s, three wharves have been built where the ruins of the Queen’s Wharf now lie. Everything the fort needed was landed on the wharf: troops, provisions, weapons and much more. It served the needs of the military until . . . — Map (db m78445) HM
Nova Scotia (Annapolis County), Annapolis Royal — Rose FortuneIndependent Businesswoman, Port Constable — femme d’affaires indépendante, Port Constable
English Rose Fortune is a uniquely intriguing figure in Nova Scotia history. An independent businesswoman of African descent, she demonstrated remarkable character and indomitable resolve in her varied enterprises. Operating a . . . — Map (db m78671) HM
Nova Scotia (Annapolis County), Annapolis Royal — Samuel Vetch
English Adjutant-General of the force under Colonel Francis Nicholson which captured Port Royal, Capital of Acadia, in 1710. First Governor and Commander-in-Chief. A notable figure in colonial history. An able soldier and administrator. . . . — Map (db m78482) HM
Nova Scotia (Annapolis County), Annapolis Royal — Sieur de Monts
To the illustrious memory of Lieut. Gen’l Timothé Pierre du Guast, Sieur de Monts, the pioneer of civilization in North America, who discovered and explored the adjacent river, A.D. 1604, and founded on its banks the first settlement of . . . — Map (db m78443) HM
Nova Scotia (Annapolis County), Annapolis Royal — Sinclair InnL’auberge Sinclair
English The Sinclair Inn is an important document in the history of building in Atlantic Canada. In the 1780s, tavern-keeper Frederick Sinclair created this inn by combining two existing structures. Both were frame, and the walls of one . . . — Map (db m78701) HM
Nova Scotia (Annapolis County), Annapolis Royal — Sir William Fenwick Williams
This tablet marks the Site of the Brith-place of General Sir William Fenwick Williams Baronet 1799 - 1883 “The Hero of Kars” Pasha of Turkey. Grand Officier Legion of Honour, France. Member of the British Parliament. . . . — Map (db m78672) HM
Nova Scotia (Annapolis County), Annapolis Royal — Sir William Robert Wolseley Winniett.
. . . — Map (db m78698) HM
Nova Scotia (Annapolis County), Annapolis Royal — The Black HoleLe cachot
English The French built this powder magazine into the earthworks of their new fort in 1702. Both the French and the British used it to store gunpowder. In the early 1800s, it was used briefly as a prison or “Black Hole.” In . . . — Map (db m78601) HM
Nova Scotia (Annapolis County), Annapolis Royal — The Flag BastionLe bastion de l’étendard
English You are standing on the west bastion which, in the 1700s, was the principal bastion. This being the closest bastion to the river, a flag was flown here to show approaching vessels who controlled the stronghold. Important . . . — Map (db m78603) HM
Nova Scotia (Annapolis County), Annapolis Royal — Wharf & WaterfrontHistoric Lower Saint George Street
In the early hours of July 4, 1724, a combined force of Mi’kimaq and Maliseet warriors attacked Annapolis Royal, slipping into the town as its residents slept. They attacked the fort from the cover of the hollow near the east bastion. Although the . . . — Map (db m78702) HM
Nova Scotia (Annapolis County), Annapolis Royal — William WolseleyPhilipps Cosby
Two plaques share a common stand. William Wolseley 1756-1842 English William Wolseley was born at Annapolis Royal, the son of an officier of the garrison. He entered the Royal Navy in 1769, and served with . . . — Map (db m78607) HM
Nova Scotia (Cape Breton Regional Municipality), Louisbourg — 19th-Century LighthouseLe phare construit au XIXᵉ siècle
English: During the first half of the 19th century maritime officials took steps to reduce the many navigational risks and shipwrecks along the eastern seaboard of Canada. One of the new lighthouses put up was at Louisbourg, in 1842. It . . . — Map (db m79965) HM
Nova Scotia (Cape Breton Regional Municipality), Louisbourg — Louisbourg HarbourLe port de Louisbourg
English: Louisbourg’s destiny has been largely shaped by its harbour. Well-protected, relatively deep and close to the fishing banks, it was the harbour that attracted the French to settle here in the 1700s. In the 19th century ice-free . . . — Map (db m79963) HM
Nova Scotia (Cape Breton Regional Municipality), Louisbourg — Marie Marguerite Rose(1717-1757)
English: Captured in Africa at the age of 19 and transported to Ile Royale, where she was sold to a member of the colonial elite, Marie Marguerite Rose is seen to be a key figure of the initial phase of Black slavery in Canada. Gaining her . . . — Map (db m79917) HM
Nova Scotia (Cape Breton Regional Municipality), Louisbourg — Slavery / FreedomEsclavage / Liberté
Two panels make up this marker Slavery / Esclavage English: Marie Marguerite Rose was the name given to a young woman captured in Guinea, Africa, sold to French traders and brought to Louisbourg in 1736 as a slave for . . . — Map (db m79918) HM
Nova Scotia (Cape Breton Regional Municipality), Louisbourg — The Lobster FisheryLe pêche du homard
English: Between 15 May and 15 July the ocean in front of you is dotted with the buoys of the lobster fishery. The Mi’kmaq as well as the French and the English ate lobster and other shellfish during the 18th Century. During the 1754 siege . . . — Map (db m79941) HM
Nova Scotia (Cape Breton Regional Municipality), Louisbourg — Wolfe’s LandingLe débarquement de Wolfe
English: Here, 8th June, 1758, the men of Brigadier General James Wolfe’s brigade, after having been repulsed with heavy loss by the French troops entrenched westward made their gallant and successful landing. Thus began the operation . . . — Map (db m79938) HM
Nova Scotia (Cape Breton Regional Municipality), Sydney — J.F.W. DesBarres1722 - 1824
Founder of Sydney, 1785 Lieutenant Governor of Cape Breton — Map (db m78743) HM
Nova Scotia (Cape Breton Regional Municipality.), Louisbourg — Canada’s First ObservatoryLe premier observatoire au Canada
Three panels are located at this site. Chabert’s Mission / La mission du marquis de Chabert English: In 1750 the Marquis de Chabert, a French astronomer, was commissioned to go to North America to correct the maps of . . . — Map (db m79929) HM
Nova Scotia (Cape Breton Regional Municipality.), Louisbourg — First LighthouseLe premier phare
English: Here are the ruins of Louisbourg’s first light, the earliest to be erected in Canada and the second in North America. Lit in 1734, it was badly damaged in a fire two years later, then quickly repaired. The replacement lantern was . . . — Map (db m79964) HM
Nova Scotia (Cape Breton Regional Municipality.), Louisbourg — First Lighthouse Tower
English: On this site was erected by France, in 1731, the first Lighthouse Tower, constructed of fireproof materials, in North America. Near here the British erected batteries to silence the defensive works erected by France. In 1745, . . . — Map (db m79967) HM
Nova Scotia (Cape Breton Regional Municipality.), Louisbourg — Fizel HouseMaison Fizel
English: These are the remains of a two and a half storey masonry house built in the late 1730s for merchant and militia captain Julien Fizel and his wife Françoise Tetard. The house served several purposes: the basement was used as . . . — Map (db m79928) HM
Nova Scotia (Cape Breton Regional Municipality.), Louisbourg — Fortress of LouisbourgLa forteresse de Louisbourg
English: In 1713, France decided to found Louisbourg to defend her colonial and maritime interests in North America. As capital of the colony of Isle Royale and guardian the Gulf of Saint. Lawrence, it became the most important French . . . — Map (db m79915) HM
Nova Scotia (Cape Breton Regional Municipality.), Louisbourg — French Garrison at Louisbourg
English: This tablet commemorated the valour and endurance displayed against overwhelming odds, by the French forces, who, in 1745 and again in 1758, garrisoned the defensive batteries on the Island opposite the entrance to the harbour of . . . — Map (db m79968) HM
Nova Scotia (Cape Breton Regional Municipality.), Louisbourg — French Naval Guns
French Naval Guns raised by the Dominion Coal Company in 1895 from the bottom of Louisburg Harbour and mounted at the Louisburg Railroad Station presented to the Fortress of Louisburg National Historic Site by the Dominion Steel . . . — Map (db m79988) HM
Nova Scotia (Cape Breton Regional Municipality.), Louisbourg — Kennelly Point
English: This point of land is named after Capt. D.J. Kennelly (ca. 1831-1907), who had a house near here during the late 19th century. An Irish-born industrialist who came to Cape Breton during the 1870s, Kennelly was captivated by . . . — Map (db m79949) HM
Nova Scotia (Cape Breton Regional Municipality.), Louisbourg — Lighthouse PointLa pointe du phare
English: During the 1745 and 1758 sieges the attackers built artillery batteries on Lighthouse Point to silence the Island Battery. This would have allowed warships to enter the harbour for a combined land and sea assault on the town. The . . . — Map (db m79950) HM
Nova Scotia (Cape Breton Regional Municipality.), Louisbourg — 9 — Sydney and Louisbourg Railway Museum
Cape Breton’s mining industry dictated the need of an outlet in Louisbourg to link the various railways around Sydney with Louisbourg’s ice-free harbour, allowing for year-round shipping of coal. The first attempt in 1873 was a narrow, poorly . . . — Map (db m79969) HM
Nova Scotia (Cape Breton Regional Municipality.), Louisbourg — The Siege LandingDébarquement des assiégeants
English: In both sieges the attackers made their initial landings in this cove. In 1745 the French defended the cove with only a small detachment but in 1757 they built and garrisoned extensive fieldworks here. The following year 1,000 . . . — Map (db m79939) HM
Nova Scotia (Halifax Regional Municipality), Dartmouth — 06 — A Changing Lake-scape
Lake Micmac was smaller Lake Micmac was considerably smaller before the Canal was begun. Evidence for this can be found in the cove to the west where the remains of a forest and marsh area can be seen under the surface of the Lake. To the . . . — Map (db m78081) HM
Nova Scotia (Halifax Regional Municipality), Dartmouth — 08 — A Testament to Hard Work
Man-made Bank You are now walking on a man made bank which forms one side of the canal cut. This wall of earth and stone was necessary to contain the depth of water needed to float the barges. During the first phase of the canal . . . — Map (db m78100) HM
Nova Scotia (Halifax Regional Municipality), Dartmouth — 02 — A Village of the Most Primitive Description
Canal Camp You are looking at a part of the remains of what was known as the “Canal Camp.” The row of stones in this area represent the largest feature found to day at Port Wallace. An archeological investigation was carried out . . . — Map (db m77987) HM
Nova Scotia (Halifax Regional Municipality), Dartmouth — 07 — Barges, Steamboats and Scows
Lock 2 You are now looking at the upper sill of Lock 2. The chambers of the first five Locks on the Canal are approximately 21 meters long and 5.5 meters wide. Therefore the boats and barges used on the system had to be able to fit . . . — Map (db m78083) HM
Nova Scotia (Halifax Regional Municipality), Dartmouth — 01 — Before the Canal
Cutting the Canal You are now standing about one third of the way between Lake Micmac to the South (left) and Lake Charles to the North (right). Before canal construction began in 1826 there was no flow of water between these two lakes. The . . . — Map (db m77986) HM
Nova Scotia (Halifax Regional Municipality), Dartmouth — 16 — Benching - An early construction technique
Benching As you look down the Cut you will see, on the left or East bank, stone walls separated by narrow, flat terraces. This construction technique was used by the canal workers to prevent the earth from sliding down the bank. It was . . . — Map (db m78117) HM
Nova Scotia (Halifax Regional Municipality), Dartmouth — Canal Shubenacadie CanalNational Historic Civil Engineering Site / Site Historique National de Génie Civil
Constructed 1826-1861 Charles William Fairbanks Francis Hall Angus McDougall Engineers / Ingénieurs — Map (db m77984) HM
Nova Scotia (Halifax Regional Municipality), Dartmouth — 13 — Deep Cut
Hard Digging! From this location you can begin to appreciate the enormous task which faced the canal workers. Prior to 1826 this canal cut or trench did not exist and all of the earth and rock had to be removed. Unlike the lower part of the . . . — Map (db m78105) HM
Nova Scotia (Halifax Regional Municipality), Dartmouth — Historic Shubenacadie Canal SystemLock 3 — 1824-31 ——— 1856-70
At the point you are approximately 26 meters above sea level, almost at the height of Lake Charles from which the water flows in two directions - south to the Harbour and north to the Bay of Fundy. To get to this point vessels would have traveled . . . — Map (db m78147) HM
Nova Scotia (Halifax Regional Municipality), Dartmouth — Historic Shubenacadie Canal SystemLock 2 — 1824-31 ——— 1856-70
Vessels entering Lock two, traveling northward, were approximately 19 meters above the level of the Harbour. This lock would raise them another three or four meters enabling them the make their way along the canal to Lock three. This present lock . . . — Map (db m78148) HM
Nova Scotia (Halifax Regional Municipality), Dartmouth — 03 — Lightning Strikes at Canal Camp
Navvies The most concentrated number of features belonging to the Canal Camp are located in this area beneath the trees and along the roadway. You can still make out the remains of several stone foundations. A plan of this area prepared in . . . — Map (db m77988) HM
Nova Scotia (Halifax Regional Municipality), Dartmouth — 12 — Navvies Dwelling
A Dwelling for Two Families Imagine this structure on top of the stone foundation in front of you. This home would be similar to the one at Site No. 9. However this structure is larger and contains two small stone hearths. When excavated in . . . — Map (db m78104) HM
Nova Scotia (Halifax Regional Municipality), Dartmouth — 09 — Of Bough and Bark
Dwelling Cabin This feature represents an example of cultural transfer by emigrants to Canada from their homeland. This dwelling cabin strongly resembles the description of the cabins of the working poor in Northern Scotland and Ireland, as . . . — Map (db m78101) HM
Nova Scotia (Halifax Regional Municipality), Dartmouth — 05 — Official Groundbreaking 1829
Location of prominent historical characters at the ground breaking ceremony General location of the official ground breaking ceremony, July 25th, 1826. Looking south from the walking bridge you are viewing the general location of the . . . — Map (db m78078) HM
Nova Scotia (Halifax Regional Municipality), Dartmouth — 14 — One of the mysteries yet to be solved…
Possibly a Storage Building for Powder This is the only example of this style of structure found anywhere along the canal. While the Archaeologists are uncertain about its use, it may have been a storage area for black powder used to blast the . . . — Map (db m78106) HM
Nova Scotia (Halifax Regional Municipality), Dartmouth — Shubenacadie Canal, Port Wallace
From 1826 to 1831, canal labourers constructed two locks and the “deep cut” between Lake Charles and Lake Micmac. During these years, upwards of 250 workers and their families lived here. The locks were rebuilt and operated between 1858 . . . — Map (db m77956) HM
Nova Scotia (Halifax Regional Municipality), Dartmouth — 15 — Summit of the Canal
Highest point of the Canal Ahead you will see Lake Charles which is the highest body of water in the Canal system. From this lake, water flows south to the Halifax Harbour and north to the Bay of Fundy. You are now approx. 29 meters (95 feet) . . . — Map (db m78115) HM
Nova Scotia (Halifax Regional Municipality), Dartmouth — 10 — The Fairbanks Solution
Lock 3 When first built this lock was made entirely of granite blocks, as represented by the end walls. Like the other structures of the Canal, this lock fell into disrepair between 1831 and 1854. It was completely rebuilt by Charles Fairbanks . . . — Map (db m77985) HM
Nova Scotia (Halifax Regional Municipality), Dartmouth — 17 — The Forge
The Blacksmith’s Shop Excavated by Dr. Davis in 1985, this forge operated during both the first construction period (1820s) and the second (1850s). It was here that workers and masons would have their tools repaired and stone picks . . . — Map (db m77982) HM
Nova Scotia (Halifax Regional Municipality), Dartmouth — 04 — Unique Construction
Lock 2 Looking north from the walking bridge you see Lock 2. This lock was the first to be constructed on the Canal. Initially the lock was built totally of granite blocks (British construction method), as seen on the east wall. After the . . . — Map (db m78077) HM
Nova Scotia (Halifax Regional Municipality), Dartmouth — 11 — Waste Weir and Holding Pond
A water control structure The man-made holding pond in front of you helped to maintain the level of the canal when the lock was in operation. The water in this holding pond had two purposes. It helped maintain the water level in the dry . . . — Map (db m78102) HM
Nova Scotia (Halifax Regional Municipality), Halifax — Black-Binney HouseRésidence Black-Binney
English Built about 1819 by John Black, successful merchant and Executive Councillor (1813-23), this house is a notable example of the finest Halifax residences of its day - the first important era of stone construction in the town. James . . . — Map (db m77657) HM
Nova Scotia (Halifax Regional Municipality), Halifax — Canadian Corps of Commissionaires
The corps was formed in Nova Scotia and elsewhere across Canada in 1937, on the instigation of the Canadian Government, to find employment for worthy older veterans. Its organization was patterned along military lines of the British Corps of . . . — Map (db m77805) HM
Nova Scotia (Halifax Regional Municipality), Halifax — Canadian Sailor's Monument
The sailor statue represents those valiant young Canadians who served in both war and peace is symbolic of the thousands of sailors who were instrumental in the victory at sea and a fitting acknowledgement to those who continue to maintain the peace. — Map (db m77597) WM
Nova Scotia (Halifax Regional Municipality), Halifax — Captain / Capitaine James Cook(1728-1779)
English Before the voyages that brought him world fame as Captain Cook, this British Royal Navy officier complied navigational charts for the coasts of Quebec and Nova Scotia. While based in Halifax from 1758 to 1762, he learned . . . — Map (db m77953) HM
Nova Scotia (Halifax Regional Municipality), Halifax — Carved in StonePierres gravées
English These gravestones were all carved by hand, using chisels and wooden mallets. Many of the old slate stones were quarried and carved around Massachusetts Bay, and shipped to Halifax before the American Revolution. By the 1770s local . . . — Map (db m77782) HM
Nova Scotia (Halifax Regional Municipality), Halifax — Charles Morris1711 (Boston, MA) - 1781 (Windsor, NS)
Charles Morris was Nova Scotia’s Chief Surveyor and one of he first residents of Halifax. In 1750, on order from the founder of Halifax, Edward Cornwallis, Morris began surveying the entire peninsula, laying out new suburbs and 240 acres of . . . — Map (db m77647) HM
Nova Scotia (Halifax Regional Municipality), Halifax — Deadman's Island
These men died in captivity while serving the United States of America on land and sea during the War of 1812. They lie in unmarked graves here on Deadman's Island.

Followed by a list of 188 men identified by Name, Rank, Ship/Unit, and Date . . . — Map (db m44062) HM

Nova Scotia (Halifax Regional Municipality), Halifax — Duke of York's Martello TowerYork Redoubt
[English Text only shown] The Duke of York's Martello Tower was one of many small towers built for coastal defence throughout the British Empire. They were usually round, with stone walls too thick to be penetrated by cannon balls. This . . . — Map (db m44629) HM
Nova Scotia (Halifax Regional Municipality), Halifax — Edmund Burke
This plaque is dedicated to the memory of Edmund Burke distinguished scholar, missionary pastor, and prelate, having served for sixteen years, he was elected as Bishop of Sion and first Vicar Apostolic of Nova Scotia on July 4, 1817. He . . . — Map (db m77747) HM
Nova Scotia (Halifax Regional Municipality), Halifax — Fairview Lawn CemeteryTitanic
Established in 1893, this non-denominational burial ground was originally known as the Green Lawn Cemetery. In 1894, the Fairview Lawn Cemetery Ltd. took over management of the cemetery which it operated for 50 years. Unable to fulfill its . . . — Map (db m77857) HM
Nova Scotia (Halifax Regional Municipality), Halifax — Fort Needham Memorial Parkand the Halifax Explosion
This marker is composed exclusively pictures and their captions. There is a left side and a right side to the marker. Captions are presented left to right, then top to bottom. Click on the marker image to enlarge it. Left side • . . . — Map (db m77955) HM
Nova Scotia (Halifax Regional Municipality), Halifax — France and CanadaLa France et le Canada — Theirs is a story of enduring friendship./ C’est l’histoire d’une longe amitié.
France and Canada share a long history. Theirs is a story of enduring friendship. It began 400 years ago, in Nova Scotia, the birthplace of Acadie, with the arrival of the first French settlers and of Samuel de Champlain at Port-Royal in 1605. . . . — Map (db m77622) HM
Nova Scotia (Halifax Regional Municipality), Halifax — Georges IslandL’Île-Georges
English The Island was first fortified when the British founded Halifax in 1749. During the period of the Acadian Deportation, 1755 to 1762, the island was sometimes a detention camp for Acadians prior to being shipped to other British . . . — Map (db m77619) HM
Nova Scotia (Halifax Regional Municipality), Halifax — Glebe House CampusSaint Mary’s University
On this site in 1802 was erected the school building which became the forerunner of Saint Mary’s University. Edmund Burke, newly appointed as Roman Catholic Vicar General in Nova Scotia, had the two-storey structure built in the hope of . . . — Map (db m77719) HM
Nova Scotia (Halifax Regional Municipality), Halifax — Halifax and RMS TitanicHalifax et le RMS Titanic
English Here, in Halifax, lie the remains of 150 victims of one of history’s most tragic maritime disasters. Just before midnight on 14 April 1912, the White Star liner RMS Titanic struck an iceberg in the North Atlantic. The majestic . . . — Map (db m77852) HM
Nova Scotia (Halifax Regional Municipality), Halifax — Halifax CitadelLa Citadelle d’Halifax
English Built to defend against a land-based attack, the Halifax Citadel was the fourth in a series of forts to occupy this hill, The star-shaped fortress, completed in 1856, was the centerpiece of the extensive system of fortifications . . . — Map (db m78258) HM
Nova Scotia (Halifax Regional Municipality), Halifax — Halifax Waterfront Buildings
English From the founding of Halifax in 1749 until the early twentieth century, this portion of the waterfront was associated with men and events in the civic and commercial life of the city. These seven typical warehouses and offices, . . . — Map (db m77826) HM
Nova Scotia (Halifax Regional Municipality), Halifax — Halifax’s Cable Wharf
The Cable Wharf was purpose built in 1913 by the Western Union Telegraph Company and measures 108 x 17 metres (355 x 54 feet). It is where the company’s cable ships, Minia, Lord Kelvin and Cyrus Field docked and underwent minor . . . — Map (db m77595) HM
Nova Scotia (Halifax Regional Municipality), Halifax — Major General / Major-Général Robert Ross 1766-1814
English Major General Ross sailed to North America in the summer of 1814 from the Peninsular War against France to command the British army on the east coast of the United States, opening a second front to relieve the pressure on the . . . — Map (db m77877) HM
Nova Scotia (Halifax Regional Municipality), Halifax — Mr. John SamwellMr. William Stevens
On your left near this spot lie the remains of … / À votre gauche, près d’ici se trouvent les restes de …. Mr. / M. John Samwell Midshipman / Aspirant de marine • 1797-1813 Mr. / M. William Stevens Boatswain / Maître de . . . — Map (db m77897) HM
Nova Scotia (Halifax Regional Municipality), Halifax — Norway
. . . — Map (db m77596) WM
Nova Scotia (Halifax Regional Municipality), Halifax — Old Burying Ground1749 - 1844
This land was set aside as a common burial ground outside the stockade of the new fortified town of Halifax First grave dug June 21, 1749 Granted to St. Paul’s Church June 17, 1793 Closed to burials August 18, 1844 Welsford-Parker Monument . . . — Map (db m77743) HM
Nova Scotia (Halifax Regional Municipality), Halifax — Old Burying GroundLe Vieux Cimetière
English The Old Burying Ground, which contains more than 1,200 head and footstones, constitutes a unique concentration of gravestone art. A rich variety of styles, poignant images and carving skill is reflected in these old stones. The . . . — Map (db m77784) HM
Nova Scotia (Halifax Regional Municipality), Halifax — Passage to a New Beginning • Passage à un nouveau monde
English Celebrating Canada’s Immigrants In the 1940s and 1950s, Canada opened its doors wide to European immigrants. With haunting wartime memories still fresh in their minds, men, women and children from diverse countries and . . . — Map (db m77876) HM
Nova Scotia (Halifax Regional Municipality), Halifax — Philippe Aubert de Gaspé (fils)1814 - 1841
English Author of the first Canadian novel of French expression, L’influence du’ livre (1837), written in Saint-Jean-Port-Joli, Philippe-Ignace-Françoise Aubert de Gaspé was born in Quebec City on April 8th, 1814. He worked from 1840 . . . — Map (db m77825) HM
Nova Scotia (Halifax Regional Municipality), Halifax — Pier 21Canada’s National Immigration Museum — Musée national de l’immigration au Canada
English When the Canadian immigration complex known as Pier 21 closed its doors in March of 1971, it marked the end of a more than forty-year saga of human hope, vision, courage and resilience. From its opening on the Halifax waterfront in . . . — Map (db m77616) HM
Nova Scotia (Halifax Regional Municipality), Halifax — Pier 21 / Le Quai 21Postwar Immigration / L’immigration de L’aprés-guerre — War Brides / Les Epouses de Guerre
There are three plaques on this monument. Pier 21 / Le Quai 21 English This site witnessed the arrival of approximately one million immigrants, who have enriched the cultural mosaic of Canada. Opened in 1928, Pier 21 served . . . — Map (db m77718) HM
Nova Scotia (Halifax Regional Municipality), Halifax — Pierre Maillard
This plaque is dedicated to the memory of Pierre Maillard who served as missionary to the Micmac Indians in this country for over thirty years, who succeeded in reconciling the Micmac to British rule, who celebrated the first mass and opened . . . — Map (db m77723) HM
Nova Scotia (Halifax Regional Municipality), Halifax — Province House
English Province House is an architectural monument and the setting for signifiant events in Canadian political life. Begun in 1811 and opened in 1819 as the seat of government for Nova Scotia, it is one of the finest Palladian-style . . . — Map (db m77858) HM
Nova Scotia (Halifax Regional Municipality), Halifax — Samuel Cunard1787-1865
A native son and a great Nova Scotian, he received his early training in this city and became a highly regarded merchant, humanitarian and ship owner. All this was a prelude to his most successful venture, the founding of the British and North . . . — Map (db m77879) HM
Nova Scotia (Halifax Regional Municipality), Halifax — Ships and Men of the Royal Canadian Navy
This memorial was erected by the Atlantic Chief and Petty Officies Association to commemorate the Ships and Men of the Royal Canadian Navy who failed to return through enemy action, stress of weather and accidents during The Battle of . . . — Map (db m77646) WM
Nova Scotia (Halifax Regional Municipality), Halifax — South African War Monument
Erected by the people of Nova Scotia in honor of those who served and in memory of those who fell in the South African Campaign 1898 - 1902 — Map (db m77859) WM
Nova Scotia (Halifax Regional Municipality), Halifax — St. Mary’s BasilicaLa Basilique St. Mary
English St. Mary’s holds a central position in the history of Roman Catholicism in Nova Scotia. Begun in 1820, the church demonstrated the enhanced ecclesiastical status of the province, which acquired its own Bishop in 1818, and witnessed . . . — Map (db m77721) HM
Nova Scotia (Halifax Regional Municipality), Halifax — The Grand DérangementGeorges Island - Halifax / Île Georges - Halifax
This monument/marker is made up of four panels, two in English and two in French. Each language has a panel dealing with The Grand Dérangement and Georges Island. On top is a large, round medallion featuring a map showing Acadian deportation . . . — Map (db m77625) HM
Nova Scotia (Halifax Regional Municipality), Halifax — The Old Burying GroundLe Vieux cimetière communal
English In this common burial ground lie many of the first citizens of Halifax, their descendants and men of the British Army and the Royal Navy who were stationed here. First opened in 1749, the year Halifax was founded, it was used until . . . — Map (db m77783) HM
Nova Scotia (Halifax Regional Municipality), Halifax — The Tall Ships Parade 2000Les Grands Voiliers 2000
English For five days beginning on July 20, 2000, Halifax harbour and waterfront was like no other place - wet or dry - on earth. The city was the sole Canadian host of the largest gathering ever of the world’s Tall Ships - majestic . . . — Map (db m77741) HM
Nova Scotia (Halifax Regional Municipality), Halifax — The View from the Citadel / Le panorama vu de la citadelleThe Halifax Explosion / L’explosion d’Halifax — The Convoys / Les Convois
This marker is composed of five plaques on the same mounting. The marker stands on north wall of the Citadel overlooking Halifax Harbor. The markers are presented left to right. The Halifax Explosion / L’explosion d’Halifax . . . — Map (db m78257) HM
Nova Scotia (Halifax Regional Municipality), Halifax — The Welsford Parker MonumentLe Monument Welsford-Parker
English This monument was erected in 1860 in memory of Major A.F. Welsford and Captain W.B.C.A. Parker. These two Halifax men both perished during the Crimean War. In September of 1855 they participated in the assault on the Great Redan, part . . . — Map (db m77744) HM
Nova Scotia (Halifax Regional Municipality), Halifax — There Was Once a Very Special Ship
The ex-Admiralty ocean salvage tug FOUNDATION FRANKLIN sailed from the Foundation Maritime piers from the early 1930’s to 1948 on rescue and salvage missions in all kinds of weather, in peace and war to assist ships in distress on the great Western . . . — Map (db m77598) HM
Nova Scotia (Halifax Regional Municipality), Halifax — Why Aren’t We Americans? • Pourquoi ne sommes-nous pas des Américains?The Old Burying Ground Remembers The War of 1812-1814 • Le vieux cimetière souvient de la guerre de
This marker may be conveniently divided into three section; left, center and right. The center sections is presented first. Center section English We are not Americans because of the service men like the sailors and . . . — Map (db m78073) HM
Nova Scotia (Halifax Regional Municipality), Halifax — York Redoubt
[English text] York Redoubt was the heart of the defences protecting the outer harbour approaches to Halifax. Begun in 1793, it was enlarged by the Duke of Kent who constructed a Martello tower here in 1798. The redoubt became an essential . . . — Map (db m44479) HM
Nova Scotia (Halifax Regional Municipality), Peggys Cove — Swissair Flight 111 MemorialWhalesback
English text only shown The communities of Peggys Cove and Blandford were central to the recovery operation following the crash of Swissair Flight 111. The Whalesback and Bayswater Beach sites were chosen for their proximity to those . . . — Map (db m45717) HM
Nova Scotia (Halifax Regional Municipality), Peggy's Cove — Peggy's Cove
This picturesque village and lighthouse are among the most photographed places in Canada. A romantic folk tale is told about how the Cove got its name. Young Peggy was traveling to Halifax to meet her fiance when the ship she was in foundered on the . . . — Map (db m77937) HM
Nova Scotia (Halifax Regional Municipality), Peggy's Cove — Peggy's Cove
Peggy’s Cove Lighthouse Built in 1868, the first lighthouse at Peggy’s Cove consisted of a wooden house topped by a beacon, Each evening, the lighthouse keeper lit a kerosene oil lamp magnified by a catoptric reflector (a silver-plated . . . — Map (db m77939) HM
Nova Scotia (Inverness County), Margaree Forks — Dr. Moses Coady and Father Jimmy TompkinsPère Moses Coady, Ph.D., et Père Jimmy Tompkins
English: Margaree is the proud birthplace of Dr. Moses Coady (1882-1959) and his double first cousin and mentor, Father Jimmy Tompkins (1870-1853), two men who devoted themselves to improving the minds and lives of the poor and uneducated. . . . — Map (db m80070) HM
Nova Scotia (Inverness County), Margaree Forks — Margaree RiverRivière Margaree
English: A Canadian Heritage River, the Margaree has carved its way through Cape Breton since ancient times, creating the beautiful landscape and diversity of wildlife that has made this island famous. Essential for fishing, hunting and . . . — Map (db m80069) HM
Nova Scotia (Inverness County), Margaree Forks — The Margaree-Lake Ainslie River SystemLe Réseau Fluvial Margaree-Lac Ainslie — The Canadian Heritage Rivers System / Le Réseau de rivières du patrimoine canadien
English: The Margaree-Lake Ainslie River System, the largest on Cape Breton Island, includes the Margaree River, the Northeast and Southwest Margaree Rivers, and Lake Ainslie. From its origins in the Cape Breton Highlands, it rushes . . . — Map (db m80068) HM
Nova Scotia (Kings County), Grand Pré — Grand-Pré Rural Historic DistrictArrondissement Historique Rurual de Grand-Pré
English The villages of Grand-Pré and Hortonville, and the fertile farmlands which surround them, comprise one of the oldest settlement and land use patterns of European origin in Canada. Acadians began settling near Grand-Pré in the 1680s, . . . — Map (db m78721) HM
Nova Scotia (Kings County), Grand Pré — 01 — Statue of EvangelineLa statue d’Évangéline — Longfellow’s Heroine / Héroïne de Longfellow
English This statue of Evangeline, heroine of Longfellow’s epic poem, Evangeline: A Tale of Acadie, is a powerful emotive symbol of the Deportation. It connects the story of Evangeline to the history of Grand Prê. Two famous . . . — Map (db m78723) HM
Nova Scotia (Kings County), Grand Pré — The Expulsion of the AcadiansLa déportation des Acadiens — (1755-1762)
English The expulsion of the Acadians began in 1755, on the eve of the Seven Years’ War. Frustrated with the neutrality of the Acadians who refused to swear an unconditional oath of allegiance to the Crown, British forces began the . . . — Map (db m78722) HM
Nova Scotia (Lunenburg County), Bayswater — Swissair Flight 111 MemorialBayswater
English text only shown The communities of Peggys Cove and Blandford were central to the recovery operation following the crash of Swissair Flight 111. The Whalesback and Bayswater Beach sites were chosen for their proximity to those . . . — Map (db m47255) HM
Nova Scotia (Lunenburg County), Lunenburg — “…for those in peril on the sea.”
English Seafaring of all kinds, and fishing especially, is one of most dangerous occupations. Lunenburgers have lived with the dangers associated with making a living from the sea. Fishermen in dories would get lost in the fog, unable to . . . — Map (db m78204) HM
Nova Scotia (Lunenburg County), Lunenburg — Defence of LunenburgLa défense de Lunenburg
English When the British settlement at Lunenburg was established in 1753, the Town plot was enclosed by pickets surrounding the east, north and west ends of the Town. The west end was fortified by four blockhouses placed at strategic . . . — Map (db m78328) HM
Nova Scotia (Lunenburg County), Lunenburg — First PeoplesLes Premières nations — Amskwesewaq Mimajuinu’k
English The earliest inhabitants of these lands were the Mi’kmaq. Their nation included most of the territory that later became Acadia and possibly parts of Newfoundland. This area was called Mi’kma’ki. It consisted of seven regions, each . . . — Map (db m78297) HM
Nova Scotia (Lunenburg County), Lunenburg — Foreign Protestant Settlement in LunenburgL’arrivée des protestants étrangers à Lunenburg
English In 1750, British authorities, mistrustful of the colony’s large Acadian population, began encouraging immigration by settlers of more obvious loyalties. These settlers became known as the “Foreign Protestants.” They . . . — Map (db m78296) HM
Nova Scotia (Lunenburg County), Lunenburg — Foreign Protestants & the Settlement of LunenburgLa colonisation de Lunenburg par les protestants étrangers.
English On June 8, 1753, a small flotilla of ships carried 1453 settlers protected by 150 troops and militia, arrived at the harbour which the Mi’kmaq called Merligueche after the whitecaps that topped the waves in the harbour. This group . . . — Map (db m78318) HM
Nova Scotia (Lunenburg County), Lunenburg — Lunenburg - Home of the Bluenose & Bluenose IILunenburg - Port d’attache du Bluenose et du Bluenose II
English On March 26, 1921, Smith & Rhuland’s launched hull number 121, the fishing schooner Bluenose. Built from a design by William J. Roué, Bluenose at 258 tons, was the largest schooner ever launched at Lunenburg. Although . . . — Map (db m78158) HM
Nova Scotia (Lunenburg County), Lunenburg — Lunenburg’s Fishing Industry 1870’s - 1940’sL’industrie de la pêche à Lunenburg de 1870 aux années 1940
English By 1870, Lunenburg schooners abandoned the Labrador fishery and concentrated on the fishing banks off of Nova Scotia and Newfoundland. Instead of handlining from the schooner’s deck, fishermen set out in dories - double-ended, flat . . . — Map (db m78207) HM
Nova Scotia (Lunenburg County), Lunenburg — Lunenburg’s Fishing Industry Since 1940’sL’industrie des pêches de Lunenburg depuis les années 1940
English Although efforts were made to use large vessels known as otter trawls in the offshore fishery in the 1920’s, they were not used extensively until after the Second World War. Unlike the long line which used baited hooks to attract . . . — Map (db m78206) HM
Nova Scotia (Lunenburg County), Lunenburg — Lunenburg’s Fishing Industry to the 1870’sL’industrie de la pêche à Lunenburg avant les années 1870
English Lunenburg’s early settlers, the “Foreign Protestants,” came from a rich agricultural area in Europe and it was planned that they should establish farms which could supply both their own needs and those of the colony’s . . . — Map (db m78259) HM
Nova Scotia (Lunenburg County), Lunenburg — Lunenburg’s Shipbuilding TraditionLa tradition de la construction navale à Lunenburg
English Lunenburg’s success in the fishery stimulated the construction of many fishing vessels. Almost all of the schooners fishing out of Lunenburg during the Town’s first 200 years were built in the Town or in other Lunenburg County . . . — Map (db m78154) HM
Nova Scotia (Lunenburg County), Lunenburg — Merligueche
English This site known as the Old French Cemetery, is one of the few links to the Town’s Mi’kmaq and Acadian past. Known by the Mi’kmaq as Merligueche meaning whitecaps which topped the waves in the harbour, the name continued to be used . . . — Map (db m78260) HM
Nova Scotia (Lunenburg County), Lunenburg — Old Town Lunenburg Historic DistrictL’arrondissement Historique du Vieux Lunenburg
English A remarkable historical community is found in the streets, public spaces, buildings and daily life of Old Town Lunenburg. Set on a hill overlooking the harbour, Lunenburg was founded in 1753. Its gridiron layout, with a parade . . . — Map (db m78209) HM
Nova Scotia (Lunenburg County), Lunenburg — Rum RunningLa contrebande de l’alcool
English From 1920 until 1933, the sale of alcohol was prohibited due to the strong “Temperance Movement” in the United States. This prompted a demand for smuggled liquor which proved to be a lucrative business for organized . . . — Map (db m78303) HM
Nova Scotia (Lunenburg County), Lunenburg — The Early Acadian History of LunenburgL’histoire des premiers Acadiens de Lunenburg
English More than a century before the founding of Lunenburg, these lands were inhabited by French-speaking settlers, known as Acadians. Their settlements, including one at Lunenburg, then known by its Mi’kimaq name, Merligueche, began in . . . — Map (db m78294) HM
Nova Scotia (Lunenburg County), Lunenburg — The Labrador Whaler Anderson Bros.
The Labrador whaler Anderson Bros. is the type of boat that was used extensively in the Labrador fishery of the 19th century. Lunenburg County had a large fleet of 40 to 60 ton schooners known as “Labradormen” that went to the . . . — Map (db m78205) HM
Nova Scotia (Lunenburg County), Lunenburg — The Sack of LunenburgLe Pillage de Lunenburg
English During the American Revolution many coastal settlements were harassed by enemy privateers. On the morning of 1 July 1782 approximately 100 raiders surprised and overpowered Lunenburg’s small defence force, captured the blockhouses . . . — Map (db m78317) HM
Nova Scotia (Richmond County), St. Peter's — One Place, Four NamesQuatre noms pour un même endroit
English St. Peter’s is one of Nova Scotia’s oldest settlements. The Portuguese were likely here in the 1500s, calling it San Pedro. In 1650, the French established a post nearby under the name of Saint-Pierre, where they traded with the . . . — Map (db m78728) HM
Nova Scotia (Richmond County), St. Peter's — St, Peter’s and Its CanalSt. Peter’s et son canal
English The community of St. Peter’s is situated on the neck of land that separates the Bras d’Or Lake from the Atlantic Ocean. Up until the introduction of road and rail travel, the lake was the highway of the interior of Cape Breton and . . . — Map (db m78729) HM
Nova Scotia (Richmond County), St. Peter's — St. Peter’s Canal / Le Canal Saint-PierreSt. Peters / Saint-Pierre
There are two plaques on this monument St. Peter’s Canal / Le Canal Saint-Pierre English Connecting St. Peter’s Bay on the Atlantic Ocean with the Bras d’Or Lakes, St. Peter’s Canal follows substantially the portage of the . . . — Map (db m78726) HM
Nova Scotia (Richmond County), St. Peter's — The French Settlement of Saint-PierreL’établissement français de Saint-Pierre
English Nicolas Denys, a merchant from Tours, France, arrived here in 1650 to restore an abandoned Portuguese fort called San Pedro. He renamed it Saint-Pierre, and set out to pursue fishing and trading - primarily in furs. Fort . . . — Map (db m78727) HM
Nova Scotia (Victoria County), Baddeck — Alexander Graham Bell
Alexander Graham Bell, Teacher of the deaf Humanitarian and inventor, Became the first member of The Telephone Pioneers of America, On November, 2, 1911. The Telephone Pioneers of America, Are proud to dedicate this cairn To . . . — Map (db m79993) HM
Nova Scotia (Victoria County), Baddeck — Alexander Graham Bell National Historic ParkParc historique national Alexander Graham Bell
English: The Park commemorates the humanitarian and scientific achievements of Alexander Graham Bell (1847-1922) and his associates Frederick W. Baldwin • John A.D. McCurdy • Glenn H. Curtiss • Thomas E. Selfridge Most of the . . . — Map (db m80007) HM
Nova Scotia (Victoria County), Baddeck — First Aeroplane FlightIn the British Empire.
Commemorating The work of the Aerial Experiment Association which resulted in the first aeroplane flight within the British Empire made by J.A.D. McCurdy at Baddeck, Nova Scotia, on February 23, 1909. The Aerial Experiment Association was founded . . . — Map (db m79992) HM
Nova Scotia (Victoria County), Baddeck — History of Baddeck
English: Derived from the Mi’kmaq name, ‘Abadak’, meaning “place with island near”, Baddeck’s first European settler was British officier James Duffus in 1819. He made his home on the “island near” and it was known . . . — Map (db m80077) HM
Nova Scotia (Victoria County), Baddeck — Home and School Movement
Commemorating the founding of the Home and School Movement in Canada December 18th, 1895 The Parents Association of Baddeck held its first meeting on this, the site of the Baddeck academy. The idea of such an . . . — Map (db m79999) HM
Nova Scotia (Victoria County), Baddeck — The First Airplane Flight in CanadaLe premier vol d'avion au Canada
English: On February 23, 1909, more than 100 people witnessed the first successful powered flight in Canada, as the Silver Dart lifted off the ice of Baddeck Bay and flew 800 metres. The biplane, piloted by J. A. D. McCurdy, reached a . . . — Map (db m79990) HM
Nova Scotia (Victoria County), Baddeck — William Kidston
arrived in Baddeck in 1835. It is believed he was sent from Halifax by the executors of the estate of the late James Duffus in order to settle up his business affairs. Young Mr. Kidston, it is said, fell “madly in love” with the widow . . . — Map (db m80006) HM
Nova Scotia (Victoria County), Englishtown — Bird Islands
English: Bird Islands is actually made up of two individual islands - Hertford and Ciboux. Home to an ancient Mi’kimaq legend, the great deity, Ktchi’scam, molded prophet Glooscap out of the earth ad breathed life into him with a . . . — Map (db m80075) HM
Nova Scotia (Victoria County), Englishtown — Sainte-Anné
English: Settled, 1629, by Captain Charles Daniel, and site of an early Jesuit Mission. Selected, 1713, as a naval base and one of the principal places in Isle Royale, named Port Dauphin and strongly fortified. Its importance declined with . . . — Map (db m80005) HM
Nova Scotia (Victoria County), Saint Ann's — Reverend Norman McLeod1780 - 1866
English: As clergyman, schoolmaster and magistrate, he moulded the character of this community for a generation. Born at Stoer Point, Assynt, Scotland, he emigrated to Pictou in 1817, led his band of Scots to St. Ann in 1820 and remained . . . — Map (db m80004) HM

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