Marker Logo HMdb.org THE HISTORICAL
MARKER DATABASE
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
 
 

Ontario Historical Markers

484 markers matched your search criteria. The first 250 markers are listed. Next 234
 
Asbury College Marker image, Click for more information
By William Fischer, Jr., July 3, 2014
Asbury College Marker
Ontario, Ottawa — Asbury College
was founded on this site in 1891 by G.P. Woollcombe This commemorative plaque was installed on 12th May 1991. ——————— fut fondé sur ce site en 1891 par G.P. Woollcombe Cette plaque . . . — Map (db m75708) HM
Ontario, Ottawa — By Ward Market Heritage Conservation DistrictDistrict de Conservation du Patrimoine du Marché By
The dense cedar bog that became the site of the By Ward Market was drained and cleared in 1827 by Lieutenant-Colonel John By of the Royal Engineers to accommodate the workers building the Rideau Canal. The area rapidly became the commercial core . . . — Map (db m63692) HM
Ontario, Ottawa — Grand Central Hotel / Hôtel Grand Central1877
Built as a grocery store by Thomas Coffey, Sr., this building was the Grand Central Hotel from 1889 to 1907, and a Salvation Army hostel from 1908 to 1949. Designated Heritage Property . . . — Map (db m63693) HM
Ontario, Ottawa — Lotta Hitschmanova, C.C.1909 • 1990
Founded USC Canada 10 June 1945 Unitarian Service Committee of Canada Harold Pfeiffer, Sculptor — Map (db m75710) HM
Ontario, Ottawa — Nicholas Sparks
Irish Nicholas Sparks (b.1792) was from Darragh, County Wexford. He came "up river" 1816 to work for the founding Wrights of Hull. In 1826 he acquired Philemon Wright Jr.'s widow (Sarah Olmstead) and her nine children (he and she were to have . . . — Map (db m75711) HM
Ontario, Ottawa — Parliament Clocktower Bell
This bell was taken from the ruins of the clock tower destroyed by fire February 3, 1916. "The fire raged fiercely for hours. The main tower was not touched until about 11 p.m., and one of the most pathetic incidents of the night, which moved the . . . — Map (db m39748) HM
Ontario, Ottawa — Silent Messengers of the ArcticInuksuk created by Kananginak Pootoogook, 1997
For generations, the Inuit have been creating impressive stone markers on the Arctic landscape. Inuksuk means "acting in the capacity of a human." They serve many functions, including guiding travellers, warning of danger, assisting hunters and . . . — Map (db m39750) HM
Ontario, Ottawa — Terry Fox 1958 -1981The Greatness of the Human Spirit — L'eminence du courage de l'homme
"I was lucky to do what I did. How many people ever get a chance to do something that they really believe in." Terry Fox On April 12, 1980, Terry Fox began his dream to run across Canada in support of cancer research by dipping his . . . — Map (db m63937) HM
Ontario, Ottawa — Thomas D'Arcy McGee1825 - 1868
Journalist, poet, Irish patriot, Canadian statesman and Father of Confederation, McGee was born in Ireland, where he was involved in nationalist politics. Forced to flee to America in 1848, he worked for several years in the United States before . . . — Map (db m75714) HM
Ontario, Ottawa — Women Are Persons!Les Femmes Sont Des Personnes!
The Persons' Case of 1929 is a celebrated landmark victory in the struggle of Canadian women for equality. For years, groups had repeatedly requested that a woman be appointed to the Senate, often naming Judge Emily Murphy as their candidate. . . . — Map (db m39749) HM
Ontario, Toronto — Canadian Airmen Monument
Panel 1: Per Arua Ad Astra In Memory of our Canadian Airmen who fought in the Skies to preserve freedom and order in the world. Panel 2: Canadian Airmen Awarded the Victoria Cross World War I: William . . . — Map (db m57901) HM
Ontario, Toronto — Mary Ann Shadd Cary — 1823 – 1893
Mary Ann Shadd Cary was an anti-slavery activist, an advocate for the rights of women, and a pioneering woman newspaper editor and publisher. The daughter of a free African American shoemaker and abolitionist, Shadd began a life of teaching at age . . . — Map (db m57756) HM
Ontario, Toronto — South African War Memorial — ("2nd Boer War")
South face of pedestal: To the memory and in honour of the Canadians who died defending the Empire in the South African War, 1899-1902 South face of obelisk: Paarderberg Dreifontein Johannesburg Diamond Hill Belfast . . . — Map (db m57959) WM
Ontario, Toronto — Toronto's first professional stadium: Sunlight Park 1886 - 1896
"Sunlight Park" was constructed in 1886 as the Toronto Baseball Grounds. The smell of baked potatoes and cigars greeted fans filing in to the park through an avenue of workers' cottages called "Baseball Place". The stands, four storeys high and . . . — Map (db m64502) HM
Ontario (Algoma County), Thessalon — Capture of "Tigress" and "Scorpion"
Some 25 miles southwest of here lies the Detour Passage between Drummond Island and Michigan's upper peninsula. In August, 1814, it was occupied by the armed U.S. schooners "Tigress" and "Scorpion", whose intention it was to prevent supplies . . . — Map (db m86040) HM
Ontario (Brant County), Brantford — Her Majesty’s Chapel of the MohawksLa Chapelle des Agniers de Sa Majesté — Ne Iakataneraientahtsere Ne Iekora Ne Kanienkehaka Rotoreonnaienhs
English: Originally called St. Paul's, this chapel was the first Protestant church in Upper Canada and is now the oldest surviving church in Ontario. Built by the Crown in 1785, it was given to those Mohawk Indians led by Joseph Brant who . . . — Map (db m83743) HM
Ontario (Brant County), Brantford — Mohawk VillageLe village des Mohawks
English: Allies of the British during the American War of Independence, the Six Nations Iroquois received extensive lands along the Grand River in 1784. Mohawks, led by Joseph Brant, established a village of some 400 individuals here by . . . — Map (db m83697) HM
Ontario (Brant County), Brantford — St. Paul’s 1785H.M. Chapel of the Mohawks — Chapelle Royale des Mohawks
English: This chapel, the first Protestant church in Ontario, was built by the Crown for the Mohawks of the Six Nations Iroquois who settled here in 1794. It replaced the Queen Anne Chapel (1712) at Fort Hunter, New York, which the Mohawk . . . — Map (db m83694) HM
Ontario (Brant County), Brantford — Tomb of THAYENDANEGEA
Tomb Inscription This tomb is erected to the memory of THAYENDANEGEA , or Captain Joseph Brant, Principal Chief and Warrior of the Six Nations Indians, by his Fellow-Subjects, admirers of his fidelity and attachment to the British . . . — Map (db m83696) HM
Ontario (Brant County), Oakland — The Battle of Malcolm’s Mills1814
In October, 1814, an invading American force of about 700 men under Brigadier-General Duncan McArthur advanced rapidly up the Thames Valley. He intended to devastate the Grand River settlements and the region around the head of Lake Ontario which . . . — Map (db m78341) HM
Ontario (Brant County), Ohsweken — Cogwagee • Tom Longboat1886 - 1949
English: An Onondaga from the Six Nations of the Grand River, Tom Longboat was one of the world's great long-distance runners. He ran his first race in Caledonia in 1905 and two years later shot to international attention with a . . . — Map (db m83700) HM
Ontario (Brant County), Ohsweken — Thayendanega (Joseph Brant)1742-1807
English: This celebrated Mohawk chief of Canajoharie Castle and Johnson Hall grew up in the Mohawk Valley. He received his baptism of fire at the battle of Lake George in 1755. He served with Sir William Johnson in the Niagara expedition . . . — Map (db m83714) HM
Ontario (Brant County), Ohsweken — The Six Nations
English: Commemorating the loyal services and unswerving fidelity of the Six Nations of Iroquois Indians to the British Empire in the Seven Years War, 1755 - 1763, the War of the American Revolution, 1775 - 1783, and in the defence of . . . — Map (db m83712) HM
Ontario (Brant County), Ohsweken — The Six Nations War Memorial
Lest We Forget 1914 - 1918 Lt. Brant, Cameron D. • Lt. Moses, James D. • Arron, William • Claus, Issac • Curley, Lloyd • Fish, Reuben • Garlow, James • Goosey, David • Groat, Samuel B. • Hill, Hiram • Hill, Roy • Homer, Harrison • . . . — Map (db m83744) WM
Ontario (Brant County), Ossweken — Ahyouwaeghs - John Brant1794 - 1832
English John Brant was born in the Mohawk Village (Brantford), the youngest son of the renowned Joseph Brant. He was educated at Ancaster and Niagara, and fought with distinction during the War of 1812. Brant devoted his life to improving . . . — Map (db m78340) HM
Ontario (Chatham-Kent County), Chatham — British Army River Crossing to Dolsen's LandingFriday, October 1, 1813 — Tecumseh Parkway
Upon sighting American war ships at the mouth of the Thames River on October 1, 1813, the British Army boarded scows and bateaux near this site. One by one, the boats and their cargo were pulled across the river to their next encampment site at . . . — Map (db m78346) HM
Ontario (Chatham-Kent County), Chatham — British Encampment: Forks of the ThamesSunday, October 3, 1813 — Tecumseh Parkway
While British Army was encamped at Dolsen's, Procter travelled to Fairfield to investigate the site as a defensive position. At Tecumseh's urging, and learning that the Americans were closing rapidly, Colonel Warburton, Procter's second-in-command, . . . — Map (db m71360) HM
Ontario (Chatham-Kent County), Chatham — Burning of British Ships / American EncampmentMonday, October 4, 1813 — Tecumseh Parkway
East of the Forks, the Thames River becomes shallower and not navigable for larger ships. With the American forces close behind, the British vessels were threatened with capture. One cargo ship, probably the Miamis, had already been set on fire . . . — Map (db m71398) HM
Ontario (Chatham-Kent County), Chatham — Casualties of the SkirmishMonday, October 4, 1813 — Tecumseh Parkway
There were many casualties at the skirmish at the Forks. Although we do not presently know the identities of the warriors who were killed, we do know that two Kentucky men in Colonel Johnson's Mounted Infantry lost their lives at this site on that . . . — Map (db m71379) HM
Ontario (Chatham-Kent County), Chatham — Chatham Armoury100th Anniversary — 1905-2005
chatham Armoury The Chatham Armoury was constructed in 1905 as a result of reform and expansion of the volunteer militia. The first unit to occupy the Armoury was the 24th Kent Regiment that was formed in 1901. It was the centre . . . — Map (db m71382) HM
Ontario (Chatham-Kent County), Chatham — Chatham Blockhouse— 1794 —
On this site a blockhouse was constructed in 1794 by order of Lieutenant-Governor John Graves Simcoe. He planned to establish here a small naval arsenal which would form a link in the defences of Upper Canada's western frontier and also draw the . . . — Map (db m71313) HM
Ontario (Chatham-Kent County), Chatham — First Nations Encampment: Thomas McCrae FarmFriday, October 1, 1813 — Tecumseh Parkway
Thomas McCrae was an early settler, innkeeper, and political figure in Raleigh Township along the Thames River. He served as a captain and company commander in the Kent Militia and was present at the capture of Fort Detroit. Family tradition relates . . . — Map (db m71308) HM
Ontario (Chatham-Kent County), Chatham — John Brown's Convention 1858
English Text: On May 10, 1858, American abolitionist John Brown held the last in a series of clandestine meetings here at First Baptist Church. Brown planned to establish an independent republic within the United States and wage . . . — Map (db m71386) HM
Ontario (Chatham-Kent County), Chatham — Skirmish at McCrae's House
Following the defeat of the British at the Battle of the Thames on October 5, 1813, American forces controlled the Thames Valley west of Moraviantown. In early December a detachment of 3 officers and 36 men of the American 26th Regiment established . . . — Map (db m71292) HM
Ontario (Chatham-Kent County), Chatham — Skirmish at McCrae's HouseWednesday, December 15, 1813 — Tecumseh Parkway
During the American occupation of the lower Thames, this house was used as a base for U.S. troops. In mid-December 1813, the house was occupied by 39 officers and men of the 26th Regiment led by Lieutenant Larwill. At the same time, a group of . . . — Map (db m71310) HM
Ontario (Chatham-Kent County), Chatham — Skirmish at the ForksMonday, October 4, 1813 — Tecumseh Parkway
On October 2, 1813, Tecumseh moved his warriors up-river to the Forks where he had been led to believe that fortifications would be prepared for a full-scale confrontation with harrison's army. When Tecumseh arrived, he was enraged to find no . . . — Map (db m71335) HM
Ontario (Chatham-Kent County), Chatham — Skirmish at the ForksMonday, October 4, 1813 — Tecumseh Parkway
Robert McAfee, a member of Colonel Johnson's Kentucky Mounted Regiment, described the skirmish in his journal. He wrote: Oct 4: …a woman … informed us that about six miles above the River forked, that there was a large bridge across the mouth . . . — Map (db m71378) HM
Ontario (Chatham-Kent County), Chatham — Tecumseh
On this site, Tecumseh, a Shawnee Chief, who was an ally of the British during the War of 1812, fought against American forces on October 4, 1813. Tecumseh was born in 1768 and became an important organizer of native resistance to the spread of . . . — Map (db m71322) HM
Ontario (Chatham-Kent County), Chatham — The Abolition Movement in British North America
From 1783 until the 1860s, abolitionists in British North America took part in the fight to end slavery both at home and in the United States. Thanks to the determination of colonial officials, anti-slavery organizations, and the thousands of . . . — Map (db m71391) HM
Ontario (Chatham-Kent County), Chatham — The Forks — Tecumseh Parkway
The Forks of the Thames are formed by the joining of the Thames River and McGregor Creek creating a peninsula that is present day Tecumseh Park in Chatham, Ontario. The strategic importance of the site was recognized by Lieutenant Governor John . . . — Map (db m71331) HM
Ontario (Chatham-Kent County), Chatham — The Legend of the Paw Paw — Tecumseh Parkway
The Paw Paw tree (Asimina triloba) is native to the southern, eastern, and mid-western United States and extends to Canada only in the extreme southern part of Ontario. It has the largest edible fruit native to North America. The fruit looks . . . — Map (db m71405) HM
Ontario (Chatham-Kent County), Dresden — Harris HouseMaison Harris
English This house belonged to James Harris and his family, who are believed to be descendants of Weldon Harris, an African American who came to Canada and in 1825 purchased 50 acres on Lot 3, Concession 3 in Camden Township. Weldon Harris . . . — Map (db m78404) HM
Ontario (Chatham-Kent County), Dresden — Henson HouseMaison Henson
English Built in the mid-19th century, this house was the last residence of Josiah Henson and his second wife, Nancy Gambril, who lived in it until Henson’s death in 1883. Henson’s house was substantial in size compared to other . . . — Map (db m78387) HM
Ontario (Chatham-Kent County), Dresden — Josiah Henson(1789 - 1883)
English After escaping to Upper Canada from slavery in Kentucky, the Reverend Josiah Henson became a conductor of the Underground Railroad and a force in the abolition movement. The founder of the Black settlement of Dawn, he was also an . . . — Map (db m78377) HM
Ontario (Chatham-Kent County), Dresden — SawmillScierie
English This area was once covered in a thick, growth of trees including black walnut, maple, beech, elm and white oak. To make use of these natural resources, Josiah Henson and his sons used donations from benefactors in Boston to build a . . . — Map (db m78402) HM
Ontario (Chatham-Kent County), Dresden — Spirituality and CommunitySpiritualité et Communauté
English Built around 1850, this modest rural church was moved from Mersea Township to this site in the 1960s and is representative of the churches in which Reverend Henson preached while living at Dawn. Reverend Josiah Henson was most . . . — Map (db m78388) HM
Ontario (Chatham-Kent County), Dresden — The Dawn SettlementLa Colonie de Dawn
English In the 1830s, the Reverend Josiah Henson and other abolitionists sought ways to provide refugees from slavery with the education and skills they needed to become self-sufficient in Upper Canada. They purchased 200 acres of land . . . — Map (db m78376) HM
Ontario (Chatham-Kent County), Dresden — The Founding of Dresden
In 1846 Daniel van Allen, a Chatham merchant, laid out a town plot on land purchased from Jared Lindsley, the first settler (1825) on the site of Dresden. By 1849 the erection of a steam sawmill, and the operation a grist-mill in the neighbouring . . . — Map (db m78416) HM
Ontario (Chatham-Kent County), Thamesville — Assault on Backmetack MarshTuesday, October 5, 1813, 4:00 p.m. — Tecumseh Parkway
As Lieutenant Colonel James Johnson's horsemen were charging the British front line, his brother, Colonel Richard Johnson led an attack against the First Nations warriors in Backmetack Marsh. The mounted infantry charged the Native left flank led by . . . — Map (db m72397) HM
Ontario (Chatham-Kent County), Thamesville — Battle of Moraviantown, 1813Bataille de Moraviantown, 1813 — (Battle of the Thames) / (Bataille de la Thames)
English In September 1813, during the second year of the War of 1812, the United States won control of Lake Erie, cutting British supply lines with the east and forcing the British to withdraw from the Detroit River region. Then, on . . . — Map (db m78367) HM
Ontario (Chatham-Kent County), Thamesville — Fairfield — Tecumseh Parkway
The Moravians or "Bohemian Brethren" were a protestant sect that originated in the 1400s in Moravia and Bohemia, the present day Czech Republic. They faced persecution in their homeland and in 1722 many moved to Saxony (now part of Germany) where . . . — Map (db m72448) HM
Ontario (Chatham-Kent County), Thamesville — Participants in the Battle of the ThamesTuesday, October 5, 1813 — Tecumseh Parkway
Jacques (James) Baby 1763-1833: A member of the Legislative and Executive Council for Upper Canada, judge for the Western District, and in command of the 1st Kent Militia, Baby was captured by the Americans at the Battle of the Thames. Billy . . . — Map (db m71415) HM
Ontario (Chatham-Kent County), Thamesville — Participants in the Battle of the ThamesTuesday, October 5, 1813 — Tecumseh Parkway
Makataimeshekiakiak, Black Hawk, 1767-1838: A Sauk war leader and experienced warrior, Blackhawk was a veteran of the Battles of Fort Meigs and Fort Stephenson. Although he left the war for a period of time, he rejoined the British, and scholars . . . — Map (db m71418) HM
Ontario (Chatham-Kent County), Thamesville — Participants in the Battle of the ThamesTuesday, October 5, 1813 — Tecumseh Parkway
Shabbona 1775-1859: A Potawatomi chief, grand nephew of Pontiac, and veteran of Tippecanoe, Shabbona was an accomplished warrior and strong supporter of Tecumseh. He persuaded many natives to join the confederacy. Sou-veh-hoo-wah, Split Log, . . . — Map (db m71419) HM
Ontario (Chatham-Kent County), Thamesville — Participants in the Battle of the ThamesTuesday, October 5, 1813 — Tecumseh Parkway
John Adair 1757-1840: Pioneer, soldier, and statesman, Adair was a veteran of the American Revolution, was 8th governor of Kentucky, and represented that state in both the U.S. House of Representatives and the Senate. He fought at the Battle of the . . . — Map (db m72381) HM
Ontario (Chatham-Kent County), Thamesville — Participants in the Battle of the ThamesTuesday, October 5, 1813 — Tecumseh Parkway
James Johnson 1774-1826: The brother of Richard Johnson, James was elected as a Kentucky State senator in 1808. He served as a lieutenant colonel in Johnson's Mounted Infantry and led the charge on the British lines at the Battle of the Thames along . . . — Map (db m72385) HM
Ontario (Chatham-Kent County), Thamesville — Participants in the Battle of the ThamesTuesday, October 5, 1813 — Tecumseh Parkway
Isaac Shelby 1750-1826: Shelby was the 1st and 5th governor of Kentucky and a veteran of the American Revolution. As governor and at 63years of age, Shelby personally led the Kentucky Militia at the Battle of the Thames. Tarhe 1742-1816: A . . . — Map (db m72388) HM
Ontario (Chatham-Kent County), Thamesville — Prelude to BattleTuesday, October 5, 1813 — Tecumseh Parkway
By the early morning of October 5, 1813, the American Army had forded the Thames River and was advancing quickly. The British rearguard was able to destroy Cornwall's mill, west of Sherman's farm (present-day Thamesville, Ontario) but not the mill . . . — Map (db m71413) HM
Ontario (Chatham-Kent County), Thamesville — Tecumseh1768-1813
Born in a Shawnee village in what is now Ohio, Tecumseh became in the 1770s co-leader with his brother, the Prophet, of a movement to restore and preserve traditional Indian values. He believed a union of all the western tribes to drive back white . . . — Map (db m71410) HM
Ontario (Chatham-Kent County), Thamesville — The Bugles SoundTuesday, October 5, 1813, 4:00 p.m. — Tecumseh Parkway
Many of the men of the 41st Regiment had been stationed in Canada for 13 years. By October 5, 1813, they had not been paid for 6 to 9 months; they lacked tents and blankets; their uniforms were in rags; they were plagued by a variety of diseases; . . . — Map (db m72393) HM
Ontario (Chatham-Kent County), Thamesville — The Burning of Fairfield — Tecumseh Parkway
Robert McAfee, a soldier in Colonel Johnson's Mounted Regiment, kept a journal of his experiences, and wrote on October 7, 1813: Spent the day in collecting in plunder ... Colonel Owings Regiment of Regulars came up and took charge of the . . . — Map (db m72414) HM
Ontario (Chatham-Kent County), Thamesville — The Death of TecumsehTuesday, October 5, 1813, Approximately 4:20 p.m. — Tecumseh Parkway
At some point during the attack on Backmetack Marsh, Tecumseh was fatally shot. As word spread of their leader's death, one American account tells of the warriors giving, "the loudest yells I ever heard from human beings and that ended the fight." . . . — Map (db m72405) HM
Ontario (Chatham-Kent County), Thamesville — Why Choose This Site? — Tecumseh Parkway
Some British officers involved reported that, due to the proximity of the enemy and the fact that the troops were exhausted and hungry, they were unable to outpace the American mounted units to Fairfield. Another theory is that Procter sought to . . . — Map (db m71414) HM
Ontario (County of Essex), Tecumseh — The Banwell Road Area Black Settlement
Beginning in the 1830s, at least 30 families fleeing enslavement and racial oppression in the United States settled in the Banwell Road area in Sandwich East. They had the opportunity to purchase land through two Black-organized land settlement . . . — Map (db m90183) HM
Ontario (Durham County), Whitby — Camp X1941 - 1946
Upper Plaque On this site British Security Co-Ordination operated Special Training School No. 103 and Hydra. S.T.S. 103 trained allied agents in the techniques of secret warfare for the Special Operations Executive (SOE) Branch of the . . . — Map (db m61880) HM
Ontario (Elgin County), St. Thomas — Jumbo
On September 15, 1885, the giant African elephant, star of the Barnum and Bailey Circus, met a untimely death when struck in St. Thomas by a Grand Trunk locomotive. To commemorate the one hundredth anniversary of this tragic event, the citizens of . . . — Map (db m78342) HM
Ontario (Essex County), Amherstburg — Amherstburg Navy Yard
[West Historic Marker]:Amherstburg Navy Yard A Navy Yard was built here in 1796 to replace Detroit as the base and supply depot for the Provincial Marine on Lakes Erie and Huron. In 1812 the GENERAL HUNTER and QUEEN CHARLOTTE, built . . . — Map (db m37552) HM
Ontario (Essex County), Amherstburg — Boblo Island
Boblo Island For many centuries the island you see in front of you was used for hunting and fishing by First Nations people. Called Île aux Bois Blancs by the French, Boblo Island's key location made it a site for . . . — Map (db m71185) HM
Ontario (Essex County), Amherstburg — Brick Officers’ Guard Room
Brick Officers' Guard Room and Staff Sergeant's Quarters (1839) Poste de garde des officiers en briques et quartiers du sergent de l'etat-major (1839) — Map (db m71220) HM
Ontario (Essex County), Amherstburg — Capture of the Anne, 1838
On January 9, 1838, a force of Canadians and Americans sympathizing with Mackenzie's rebellion, sailed from United States territory and landed on Bois Blane Island. The schooner "Anne," supporting the invasion, cruised along the Canadian mainland . . . — Map (db m37246) HM
Ontario (Essex County), Amherstburg — Colonel Matthew Elliott1739 - 1814
Near this site stood the house erected in 1784 by Matthew Elliott. Born in Ireland, he emigrated to the American Colonies in 1761, and during the Revolution served with the British forces as a captain in the Indian Department. He was an Indian agent . . . — Map (db m37286) HM
Ontario (Essex County), Amherstburg — Connection to Town
Connection to Town Fort Malden (originally called Fort Amherstburg) was the anchor of the town, which grew to the south. In this view, you are looking past the parade grounds of the fort (now a park) down Dalhousie Street . . . — Map (db m71192) HM
Ontario (Essex County), Amherstburg — Detroit River Heritage
Detroit River Heritage This river not only forms the border between two great nations, but is also a vital transportation artery into the upper Great Lakes. Imagine the vessels that have travelled on it … First National canoes, . . . — Map (db m71160) HM
Ontario (Essex County), Amherstburg — Fort Amherstburg (Fort Malden)
The post was begun by the Royal Canadian Volunteers in 1796 to replace Detroit and to maintain British influence among the western Indians. As the principal defense of the Detroit frontier in 1812, it was here that Isaac Brock gathered his forces . . . — Map (db m34353) HM
Ontario (Essex County), Amherstburg — Fort Defences
Fort Defences In front of you is a recreated piece of the fort's palisade, a vertical wall of sharpened logs. This wall surrounded the fort, linking the four diamond-shaped corner projections, called bastions. Around each . . . — Map (db m71173) HM
Ontario (Essex County), Amherstburg — Fort Malden Points of Interest
Fort Malden Points of Interest • Fort Malden Points d'intérêt (1) Visitor Centre 1939 Centre d'accueil 1939 (2) Military Pensioner's Cottage circa 1851 (Restoration) . . . — Map (db m71278) HM
Ontario (Essex County), Amherstburg — Indian Council House
Indian Council House Two hundred years ago a small building stood about 100 metres north of here, close to the water's edge. This was where meetings took place between the representatives of the British government and those of . . . — Map (db m71170) HM
Ontario (Essex County), Amherstburg — Lt. - Colonel William Caldwell
Born about 1750 in Fermanagh County, Ireland, Caldwell emigrated to Pennsylvania in 1773. During the American Revolution he served with the British forces as a captain in Butler's Rangers at Niagara and Detroit. In 1784 he obtained land near the . . . — Map (db m37291) HM
Ontario (Essex County), Amherstburg — Major John Richardson(1796 - 1852)
Born at Queenston in Upper Canada, John Richardson served as a volunteer at Fort Malden during the War of 1812 and was taken prisoner by the Americans at Moraviantown. He was released at war's end, retired on half-pay in 1818, and spent most of the . . . — Map (db m76737) HM
Ontario (Essex County), Amherstburg — Pensioner's Cottage
Pensioner's Cottage This cottage was built in the early 1850s for a retired soldier and his family. About 85 of these homes were constructed just east of the Fort, and leased at a modest rate to veteran soldiers in return for light . . . — Map (db m71167) HM
Ontario (Essex County), Amherstburg — Privy
Privy The foundations in front of you are from a communal privy (toilet) for enlisted men and their families that stood here in 1840. The women and children had a small room - the soldiers made do with an open structure offering . . . — Map (db m71221) HM
Ontario (Essex County), Amherstburg — Shoreline Breakwall
Shoreline Breakwall Over time, the force of water and ice has eroded the river bank, creating the need to stabilize the shore. Parks Canada, the Essex Region Conservation Authority (ERCA) and Environment Canada partnered to . . . — Map (db m71161) HM
Ontario (Essex County), Amherstburg — Simon Girty U.E.1741 - 1818
Girty's life crossed cultural boundaries between native and white societies on the frontier of American settlement. In 1756 his family was captured by a French-led native war party in Pennsylvania. Simon was adopted by the Seneca, then repatriated . . . — Map (db m34688) HM
Ontario (Essex County), Amherstburg — Skirmishes at the Canard River
In the War of 1812, the first engagement in Canada involving British and American forces in significant numbers occurred here on the Canard River. On July 12, 1812, Brigadier-General William Hull invaded Canada and encamped near Sandwich. British . . . — Map (db m34336) HM
Ontario (Essex County), Amherstburg — Strategic Location
Strategic Location A deepwater channel between here and Boblo Island brings ships close to shore, a fact dramatically illustrated when a north-bound lake freighter passes by. This was why Fort Amerstburg was originally located . . . — Map (db m71191) HM
Ontario (Essex County), Amherstburg — The "Tecumseh Stone"
Tradition has it that the Indian leader Tecumseh stood upon this stone to deliver a final address to the British at Amherstburg after the Battle of Lake Erie. Donated in 1939, it originally stood near the corner of Dalhousie and Gore Streets. In his . . . — Map (db m34412) HM
Ontario (Essex County), Amherstburg — The Battle of Lake Erie
In September 1813 the British squadron under R. Barclay sailed from Amherstburg to collect desperately needed food supplies. They were met by the larger, more heavily armed American squadron commanded by O. Perry. The British had the initial . . . — Map (db m37707) HM
Ontario (Essex County), Amherstburg — The Commissariat Office
The office for the Commissariat Department was built in 1831 near the government wharf and storehouse. Commissary officials purchased from local contractors the flour, beef, straw and firewood used by troops. They also managed Fort Malden's . . . — Map (db m37356) HM
Ontario (Essex County), Amherstburg — The Great Sauk Trail
Part of an ancient network of Indian paths, the Great Sauk Trail, as it came to be known, extended from Rock Island in present-day Illinois to the Detroit River. It played a significant role in the communications between the native peoples in the . . . — Map (db m36976) HM
Ontario (Essex County), Amherstburg — The Site Over Time
The Site Over Time Today the site looks very different than it would have 170 years ago, when Fort Malden was at its height. Almost all the buildings from that period have been lost, and most of the ditch and wall that encircled . . . — Map (db m71174) HM
Ontario (Essex County), Amherstburg — The WyandotLes Hurons de Detroit
This area was once the home of the Wyandot, remnants of the Huron, Neutrals, and Petuns who were dispersed by the Iroquois in the 1640's. Some eventually reunited and settled along the Detroit River, where they became known as the Hurons of Detroit, . . . — Map (db m37340) HM
Ontario (Essex County), Windsor — 1748
. . . — Map (db m37519) HM
Ontario (Essex County), Windsor — French Settlement on the South Shore
Front - In English Windsor is the oldest known site of continuous settlement in Ontario. The government of New France, anxious to increase its presence on the Detroit River, offered land agricultural settlement on the south shore in 1749. . . . — Map (db m37343) HM
Ontario (Essex County), Windsor — Hiram Walker1816 - 1899
Massachusetts born, Hiram Walker had by the 1850s become a successful general merchant, distiller and grain dealer in Detroit. After Michigan adopted prohibition in 1855 he acquired land across the river in Canada where he established a distillery . . . — Map (db m37377) HM
Ontario (Essex County), Windsor — Hull's Landing 1812
On July 4, 1812, Brigadier-General William Hull, commander of the North Western Army of the United States, landed with about 2,000 men near this site. He issued a proclamation stating that he came here to liberate Canada from oppression. The British . . . — Map (db m34302) HM
Ontario (Essex County), Windsor — Jesuit Mission to the Hurons
In 1728 a mission to the Huron Indians was established near Fort Pontchartrain (Detroit) by Father Armand de la Richardie, S.J. The mission was moved to Bois Blane Island and the adjacent mainland in 1742. In 1747 it was destroyed by disaffected . . . — Map (db m37386) HM
Ontario (Essex County), Windsor — Montreal Point in 1782The Huron First Nation's gift to the Roman Catholic Church
In the year 1782 the Huron First Nation gave Montreal Point to the Diocese. The Jesuit Fathers constructed the Assumption Parish in 1787, the first Roman Catholic Parish west of Montreal, Quebec. Today the park, named Assumption, is owned and . . . — Map (db m37389) HM
Ontario (Essex County), Windsor — Original Home of Major F.A. Tilston V.C. Armoury
This armoury was named after Major Fred Tilston, a true military hero of this community. Maj. Tilston, a member of the Essex Scottish, was awarded the Victoria Cross, the highest award for bravery, for his exploits at the Battle of Hochwald Forest . . . — Map (db m42292) HM
Ontario (Essex County), Windsor — The Battle of Windsor - 1838
Early on December 4, 1838 a force of about 140 American and Canadian supporters of William Lyon MacKenzie crossed the river from Detroit and landed about one mile east of here. After capturing and burning a nearby militia barracks, they took . . . — Map (db m37172) HM
Ontario (Essex County), Windsor — The Capture of Detroit
Confident of victory, General Hull had invaded Canada in July 1812, but failed to take advantage of his early success and the demoralization of the defenders. Fear of the Indians then rallying to the British cause and an inability to maintain supply . . . — Map (db m34321) HM
Ontario (Essex County), Windsor — The Detroit River
The Detroit River is unique in Canada, the United States and indeed, the world. Its shores embrace the largest metropolitan area on any international border - but rather than separating communities, the river connects them culturally and . . . — Map (db m37378) HM
Ontario (Essex County), Windsor — The Francois Baby House
This house and adjacent farmland were the property of François Baby (1763-1856), first member for Kent in the Legislative Assembly of Upper Canada (1792-96), militia officer and Assistant Quarter Master General during the War of 1812. When the . . . — Map (db m34303) HM
Ontario (Essex County), Windsor — The Rt. Hon. Herb Gray, PC., C.C., Q.C.
The Rt. Hon. Gray represented the west side of Windsor in the House of Commons from June 1962 to January 2002. He was elected thirteen consecutive times - a record - and set another record for continuous days of service in the House of . . . — Map (db m37496) HM
Ontario (Essex County), Windsor — The Siege of Detroit 1763
Shortly after the founding of Detroit in 1970 a village of Ottawa Indians was established on the south shore of the river in this vicinity and its inhabitants lived on friendly terms with the French garrison and settlers. However after the British . . . — Map (db m36944) HM
Ontario (Essex County), Windsor — The Underground Railroad in Canada
From the early 19th century until the American Civil War, settlements along the Detroit and Niagara rivers were important terminals of the Underground Railroad. White and black abolitionists formed a heroic network dedicated to helping free and . . . — Map (db m37379) HM
Ontario (Frontenac County), Kingston — Commodore’s Residence, 1815La Résidence du Commodore, 1815
English: On 19 March 1813 Sir James Yeo, a brave and audacious commander earlier in the Napoleonic War, was appointed Commodore and senior officier on the Lakes of Canada. Having never commanded a Squadron before, he was instructed by the . . . — Map (db m83570) HM
Ontario (Frontenac County), Kingston — Fort Frederick
English: With the outbreak of the War of 1812, a blockhouse was quickly constructed on Point Frederick complementary to and earlier one built on Point Henry. Both provided protection for the Kingston dockyard which was the pivotal point of . . . — Map (db m83613) HM
Ontario (Frontenac County), Kingston — Fort Henry
In English: An earlier fort was built here on Point Henry during the War of 1812 primarily to defend the nearby naval dockyard. When the Rideau Canal was built as part of a military route connecting Kingston with Montreal, the strategic . . . — Map (db m39363) HM
Ontario (Frontenac County), Kingston — Fort Henry
The first Fort Henry was built during the War of 1812 to protect the British dockyards in Navy Bay. The present limestone citadel, constructed between 1832 and 1837, replaced the old fort as part of a larger plan for the defence of the recently . . . — Map (db m39364) HM
Ontario (Frontenac County), Kingston — Kingston Navy Yard
English: The Navy Yard established in 1789 as a trans-shipment point for the Great Lakes and as the Provincial Marine's Lake Ontario base was administered by the Admiralty after 1813. During the War of 1812 Commodore James Yeo, R. N., . . . — Map (db m83568) HM
Ontario (Frontenac County), Kingston — Louis de Buade Comte de Frontenac et de Palluau1622-1698
One of the most influential and controversial figures in Canadian history, Frontenac was born at St-Germain-en-Laye, France. As a member of the noblesse d'epee he was able in 1672 to secure the appointment as Governor-General of New France. Devoted . . . — Map (db m39978) HM
Ontario (Frontenac County), Kingston — Point Frederick
English: A strategic location for the defence of the Loyalist settlement at Cataraqui (Kingston), this point was reserved in 1788 and named after Sir Frederick Haldimand, Governor of Quebec (1778-86). In 1790-91 a guardhouse and storehouse . . . — Map (db m83571) HM
Ontario (Frontenac County), Kingston — Point Frederick Artillery BatteryBatterie d’artillerie de la Pointe Frederick
In November 1812, guns of the original fort here were fired against American ships attacking Kingston. Perhaps this attack came as retaliation for the earlier Canadian one on Sackets (sic) Harbor, but more likely American commander Chauncey felt his . . . — Map (db m83615) HM
Ontario (Frontenac County), Kingston — Point Frederick Buildings
English: This peninsula, headquarters of the Provincial Marine (c. 1790-1813), and of the Royal Navy (1813-1853), was the major British naval base on Lake Ontario during the War of 1812. Buildings surviving from this period include the Naval . . . — Map (db m83618) HM
Ontario (Frontenac County), Kingston — Pro Patria 1812-1814
English: In memory of the officers and seamen of the Royal Navy and Provincial Marine, and the officers and soldiers on the Royal Marines, Royal Newfoundland, King’s (8th) and 100th Regiments, who served on Lake Ontario in defence of . . . — Map (db m83620) WM
Ontario (Frontenac County), Kingston — Sir James Lucas Yeo1782-1818
English: Born at Southampton, England, Yeo entered the British Navy, served throughout the Napoleonic Wars and won rapid promotion by his ability. In 1813, already a Commodore, he came to Canada to command British forces on the Great . . . — Map (db m83616) HM
Ontario (Frontenac County), Kingston — Sir John A. Macdonald(1815-1891)
John A. Macdonald, a father of Confederation and Canada's first prime minister, dominated the life of the new nation for a quarter century. Macdonald was a visionary statesman, a determined Conservative partisan, and a much-loved leader. His . . . — Map (db m90008) HM
Ontario (Frontenac County), Kingston — Strategic Importance / Importance Stratégique
English: During the entire War of 1812, Canadian, British, and American land and naval forces campaigned across a vast territory from the Mississippi Valley, through the region south of Montreal, and well into the territories of the Atlantic . . . — Map (db m83534) HM
Ontario (Frontenac County), Kingston — The King's Royal Regiment of New York
The largest Loyalist Corps in the Northern Department during the American Revolution, the King's Royal Regiment of New York was raised on June 19, 1776 under the command of Sir John Johnson. Originally composed of one battalion with ten companies, . . . — Map (db m39977) HM
Ontario (Frontenac County), Kingston — The Market Battery
Stood on this site from 1848 to 1875. With Shoal Tower opposite it defended Kingston Harbour and the Rideau Canal. From 1875 this was a public park. In 1885 the Kingston and Pembroke railway station was built. — Map (db m39979) HM
Ontario (Frontenac County), Kingston — The Stone Frigate
English: Once part of a large and active naval dockyard, this substantial stone building was erected as a warehouse for naval stores. Although initially planned in 1816, it was not completed until four years later when the need for storage . . . — Map (db m83567) HM
Ontario (Hamilton County), Hamilton — "The Burlington Races" 1813
On the morning of September 28, 1813, a powerfully-armed United States fleet comprising ten ships under the command of Commodore Isaac Chauncey appeared off York (Toronto). The smaller British fleet of six vessels, commanded by Commodore Sir James . . . — Map (db m56759) HM
Ontario (Hamilton County), Hamilton — Burlington Heights 1813 - 1814
[English Text]: Here in June, 1813, General John Vincent assembled troops that made the successful night attack on the invaders at Stoney Creek. From this point of vantage, in December, 1813, the force which retook Fort George and . . . — Map (db m56725) HM
Ontario (Hamilton County), Hamilton — Defensive Outwork
About this spot was an outwork of the first line of defense 1812 - 1815 Map (db m56758) HM
Ontario (Hamilton County), Hamilton — Dundurn Castle
This villa was completed in 1835 for Allan Napier MacNab. Incorporating an existing farmhouse, it was designed by the local architect, Robert Wetherell, as a statement of its owner's place in Hamilton society. The house features an eclectic blend of . . . — Map (db m66126) HM
Ontario (Hamilton County), Hamilton — Dundurn Castle— 1832 —
This mansion was built 1832-35 by Allan Napier MacNab (1798-1862) and named after the family ancestral seat in Scotland. Enlisting at fifteen, MacNab distinguished himself by his bravery in the War of 1812. He subsequently entered politics and was . . . — Map (db m66129) HM
Ontario (Hamilton County), Hamilton — First Line of Defense
This Stone Marks The Line of Earthworks In First Line of Defense 1812 - 1815 Map (db m56740) HM
Ontario (Hamilton County), Hamilton — Hamilton - Scourge ProjectWar of 1812 Naval Memorial Garden
We honour here fifty-three sailors who lost their lives when their ships, HAMILTON and SCOURGE, capsized during a storm in the early morning hours of Sunday, 8th August 1813. These two armed merchant schooners lie in 90 metres of water, 30 . . . — Map (db m56928) HM
Ontario (Hamilton County), Hamilton — HMCS Haida - NCSM HaidaTribal Class Destroyer — National Historic Site of Canada
HMCS Haida is the last of the Tribal class destroyers which saw heavy action with the Australian, British and Canadian navies during World War II. Built for the Royal Canadian Navy at Newcastle, England, , in 1942, this ship served on the frigid . . . — Map (db m67343) WM
Ontario (Hamilton County), Hamilton — March to Stoney Creek
These ramparts were erected by the British troops during the War of 1812-15. From this place on the night of June 5th 1813, 700 men under the command of Lieut. Colonel Harvey, marched to Stoney Creek where they surprised . . . — Map (db m56756) HM
Ontario (Hamilton County), Hamilton — Sir Allan Napier MacNab1798 - 1862
Politician, businessman, land speculator and soldier, Allan MacNab enjoyed a very public life. He was a successful lawyer and was appointed Upper Canada's first Queen's Counsel. In 1838 he was knighted for his role in suppressing the rebellion in . . . — Map (db m66130) HM
Ontario (Hamilton County), Hamilton — Sir John Harvey1778 - 1852
From these heights, Lieutenant-Colonel John Harvey set out with about 700 men on the night of June 5, 1813, to launch a surprise attack on an invading United States force of some 3,000 men camped at Stoney Creek. His rout of the troops commanded by . . . — Map (db m56743) HM
Ontario (Hamilton County), Hamilton — United Empire Loyalists
In Lasting Memory of the United Empire Loyalists Who preferred to remain loyal British subjects and came to canada in large numbers immediately following the American Revolution of 1776 and the . . . — Map (db m66131) HM
Ontario (Hamilton County), Stoney Creek — Battle of Stoney Creek1813
On June 5, 1813, an invading United States army of about 3,000 men, commanded by Brigadier - General John Chandler, camped in this vicinity. That evening some 700 British regulars of the 8th and 49th Regiments, under the command of Lieutenant - . . . — Map (db m56720) HM
Ontario (Hamilton County), Stoney Creek — Battle of Stoney Creek
[English Text]: Battle of Stoney Creek During 1813 the Americans planned to invade Upper Canada from Detroit and the Niagara Peninsula. In late May, an American force crossed the Niagara River, seized Fort George, and with about . . . — Map (db m56762) HM
Ontario (Hamilton County), Stoney Creek — Battlefield House
[Text on First Historic Marker]: Battlefield House and Fifteen and one-half acres of Parkland Property of The women's Wentworth Historical Society 1899-1962 Given by this society to the Niagara Parks Commission as a . . . — Map (db m56805) HM
Ontario (Hamilton County), Stoney Creek — Billy Green Monument
[Text on West Side of Monument]: In Memory Of Billy Green "The Scout" Who led British troops in surprise night attack winning decisive Battle of Stoney Creek. Born Feb. 4, 1794 Died Mar. 15, . . . — Map (db m56822) HM
Ontario (Hamilton County), Stoney Creek — The Battlefield of Stoney Creek
The Battlefield of Stoney Creek 6th June 1813 In memory of 20 good and true King's Men who, in fighting in defence of their country, died and were buried on this knoll. This revised inscription and stone re-dedicated June 6th . . . — Map (db m56798) HM
Ontario (Hamilton County), Stoney Creek — The Nash-Jackson House
Originally located at the north-east corner of king Street East and Nash Road in the city of Hamilton, the house known as the Nash=Jackson House was built in 1818. The property on which the house stood, part of William Gage's original land grant, . . . — Map (db m56859) HM
Ontario (Hamilton County), Stoney Creek — Their Fame Liveth
Canada Remembers Lieutenant Samuel Hooker, Sergeant Joseph Hunt, Pri- vates James Daig, Thomas Fearnsides, Richard Hugill, George Longley, Laurence Meade, John Pegler, John Smith, and John Wale of the First Battalion of the . . . — Map (db m56819) HM
Ontario (Hastings County), Shannonville — Nelson International Raceway
This was the original name of SMP when the track was first built in 1975. After coming to Canada from Ireland in 1954, John Nelson followed his passion for motorcycles and racing. He owned several bike shops in Toronto and became quite an . . . — Map (db m77758) HM
Ontario (Hastings County), Tweed — The Hungerford Smallpox Epidemic of 1884
The viral disease of smallpox - widespread in 19th century Ontario - flared up in a severe epidemic in Hungerford Township in 1884. The outbreak claimed at least 45 lives in 202 reported cases and disrupted economic activity and family life for many . . . — Map (db m74023) HM
Ontario (Lambton County), Oil Springs — First Oil Wells in CanadaLes Premiers Puits de Pétrole au Canada
English The presence of oil in this locality was observed by early travelers and by the pioneer farmers who used it for medical purposes. In 1858, near Oil Springs, James M. Williams dug the first oil well in Canada and later established a . . . — Map (db m78424) HM
Ontario (Lambton County), Petrolia — Robert M. Nicol Library
The original Grand Trunk Railway Station was built in 1903. It was later bought by CN and the station closed in 1927. The Town of Petrolia opened its first official library here in 1937. A commitment to maintain this designated heritage . . . — Map (db m78422) HM
Ontario (Lambton County), Petrolia — The Founding of Petrolia
Following the discovery of oil at Oil Springs in 1857 prospectors extended their search to the entire township of Enniskillen. At the site of Petrolia, which contained two small settlements with post offices named Durance and Ennis, a well was . . . — Map (db m78417) HM
Ontario (Lambton County), Petrolia — Victoria Hall
English When Victoria Hall was built in 1889, Petrolia, in the midst of an oil boom, was one of the wealthiest towns in Canada. The opulent town hall reflects this stage in the town’s growth. While its first floor housed municipal offices, . . . — Map (db m78421) HM
Ontario (Leeds & Grenville Counties), Brockville — Blockhouse Island
On this island, formerly known as Hospital Island, stood the sheds erected to house emigrants who were victims of cholera in the great epidemic of 1832. Many persons died here, including Doctor Robert Gilmour, a native of Scotland and president of . . . — Map (db m87065) HM
Ontario (Leeds & Grenville Counties), Brockville — Former Brockville Post Office
Completed in 1886 this structure was designed under the direction of Thomas Fuller, Chief Architect of the Department of Public Works from 1881 to 1896. The Brockville Post Office shows the sensitivity often displayed by Fuller and his staff. The . . . — Map (db m87064) HM
Ontario (Leeds & Grenville Counties), Brockville — Forsyth’s Raid 1813
On the night of February 6-7, 1813, Major Benjamin Forsyth of the United States Army, with a detachment of regulars and militia numbering about 200 men, crossed the frozen St. Lawrence River from Morristown, N.Y., and attacked Brockville. The . . . — Map (db m83482) HM
Ontario (Leeds & Grenville Counties), Brockville — Fulford Place
Built in 1899 – 1900, this eclectic mansion evokes the opulent lifestyle of Canada's industrial elite at the turn of the century. Designed by American architect A. W. Fuller, it was the spacious residence of Senator George T. Fulford . . . — Map (db m87017) HM
Ontario (Leeds & Grenville Counties), Brockville — Gen. Sir Isaac Brock. K.C.B.(1769-1812)
Brockville was named after the Provisional Civi Administrator of Upper Canada and the Commanding Officier of the British forces in Upper Canada during the War of 1812-1814. The government of Upper Canada first named this community . . . — Map (db m83527) HM
Ontario (Leeds & Grenville Counties), Brockville — George Chaffey1848 - 1932
Born at Brockville, Canada West, Chaffey became a shipbuilder on the Great Lakes and the inventor of a new type of propeller. Subsequently he went to California where, in partnership with his brother, he built a model irrigation project and founded . . . — Map (db m87019) HM
Ontario (Leeds & Grenville Counties), Brockville — James Morris1798 - 1865
A prominent Canadian politician, Morris was born in Paisley, Scotland. His family immigrated to Canada in 1801 and later settled in Elizabethtown (Brockville). He joined his brothers, Alexander and William, in business there about 1820 and by 1836 . . . — Map (db m87063) HM
Ontario (Leeds & Grenville Counties), Brockville — Johnstown District Court House and Gaol
In 1808 the provincial government authorized the erection of a court house and gaol in Elizabethtown (Brockville) to serve the District of Johnstown created ten years earlier. By 1811 a brick structure had been built here on land donated by William . . . — Map (db m83480) HM
Ontario (Leeds & Grenville Counties), Brockville — Leeds-Grenville County Court House
Symbols of law and authority to a new and changing society, the district court houses of Upper Canada were architecturally prominent buildings in the colony. Of these, one of the most grandiose is the former Johnstown District court house which was . . . — Map (db m87027) HM
Ontario (Leeds & Grenville Counties), Brockville — Ogle Robert Gowan, 1803-1876
A prominent provincial politician, Gowan was born in County Wexford, Ireland. He came to Upper Canada in 1829 and immediately immersed himself in political affairs. Drawing upon his experience in the Irish Orange Order, Gowan established the Grand . . . — Map (db m83479) HM
Ontario (Leeds & Grenville Counties), Brockville — Sally Grant
"Sally Grant" is the familiar name of the Statue of Justice which was conceived in 1841 by John G. Howard, the architect of this Court House, and carved by William Holmes, a Brockville carpenter and builder. The eleven foot high figure, made of . . . — Map (db m87957) HM
Ontario (Leeds & Grenville Counties), Brockville — Senator George T. Fulford1852 - 1905
Born and raised in Brockville, George Taylor Fulford apprenticed at his brother's drugstore and took charge of it himself at age 22. Five years later, he was elected to the first of 12 terms as alderman. Fulford entered the patent-medicine trade in . . . — Map (db m87015) HM
Ontario (Leeds & Grenville Counties), Brockville — Sir William Buell Richards1815 - 1889
Born at Brockville and called to the bar of Upper Canada in 1837, Richards represented Leeds in the Legislative Assembly (1848–53) and served as Attorney General for Canada West in the Hincks-Morin administration (1851–3). Appointed . . . — Map (db m87029) HM
Ontario (Leeds & Grenville Counties), Brockville — The Brockville "Van" or CabooseBuilt 1954 - Donated, restored and placed here, 1987
This steel caboose was built in 1954 for the Canadian Pacific Railway (C.P.R.) at their Angus Shops in Montréal. It served the Eastern Division of the railway for many years. Cabooses, or "vans" to trainmen, were usually used at the end of freight . . . — Map (db m87959) HM
Ontario (Leeds & Grenville Counties), Brockville — The Brockville Tunnel1860
Construction of Canada's first railway tunnel, which runs from this point for 1,730 feet in a northerly direction, began in September, 1854. Designed to give the Brockville and Ottawa Railway access to the riverfront, it was opened on December 31, . . . — Map (db m87075) HM
Ontario (Leeds & Grenville Counties), Brockville — William Buell, Sr.1751 - 1832
Renowned as the founder of Brockville, Buell was born in Hebron, Connecticut. Shortly after the outbreak of the American Revolution he moved to Québec where he joined the British forces and eventually served as a commissioned officer in the King's . . . — Map (db m87079) HM
Ontario (Leeds & Grenville Counties), Brockville — William Buell’s 1816 Map of Brockville
This is one of the earliest maps of the Village of Brockville and shows many of the early details upon which the later Town, and then City of Brockville have been superimposed. The war of 1812-15 has just been over for a short time. The area . . . — Map (db m83484) HM
Ontario (Leeds & Grenville Counties), Cardinal — St. Paul's Church
In 1828 Richard Duncan Fraser, the son of an early Loyalist settler, Captain Thomas Fraser, donated land here for the building of a church to serve the Anglicans in this area. Their minister, the Reverend J.G. Weagandt, the missionary stationed at . . . — Map (db m86849) HM
Ontario (Leeds & Grenville Counties), Cardinal — The Founding of Cardinal
The grist-mill built at Point Cardinal by Hugh Munro about 1796 fostered the development here of a small settlement. A sawmill and store were later erected, and in 1837 a post-office, "Edwardsburgh", was established. In 1858, attracted by abundant . . . — Map (db m86852) HM
Ontario (Leeds & Grenville Counties), Gananoque — Gananoque
English: A vulnerable point on the vital line of supply from Lower Canada in the War of 1812-14. Raided on the 21st September, 1812, when the bridge was broken up. Fortified by the Leeds Militia and garrisoned in turn by the 104th, 41st, . . . — Map (db m83528) HM
Ontario (Leeds & Grenville Counties), Gananoque — Gananoque Town Hall
Built about 1831-32, and designed in the late phase of the Neo-Classic style, this structure is among the best of its type remaining in Ontario. Constructed as a dwelling for John McDonald, a local landowner, merchant, postmaster and later a member . . . — Map (db m83532) HM
Ontario (Leeds & Grenville Counties), Gananoque — Raid on Gananoque1812
On September 21, 1812, a United States force of some 200 regulars and militia under Capt. Benjamin Forsyth attacked Gananoque. The village was an important forwarding point for supplies moving up the St. Lawrence from Montreal to Kingston and was . . . — Map (db m83531) HM
Ontario (Leeds & Grenville Counties), Johnstown — Eastern Ontario's First Court House and Gaol
Eastern Ontario's first Court House and Gaol was constructed on the waterfront south of this site between 1795 and 1797. The complex included a chamber for the District Court on the upper floor as well as cells and a room for the jailer on the . . . — Map (db m86949) HM
Ontario (Leeds & Grenville Counties), Johnstown — Johnstown 1789
In 1789-90 a town plot of one mile square was laid out in this vicinity. Many Loyalists, including Sir John Johnson, obtained lots in the settlement. A sawmill and grist-mill were constructed, and in 1793 it was made the administrative centre of . . . — Map (db m86853) HM
Ontario (Leeds & Grenville Counties), Lansdowne — Elizabeth Rabb Beatty1856 - 1939
One of the earliest Canadian female medical missionaries, Elizabeth Rabb Beatty was born near Caintown and moved to Lansdowne where she attended local schools. She taught in Leeds County before entering Queen's University, Kingston, to study . . . — Map (db m87198) HM
Ontario (Leeds & Grenville Counties), Maitland — Pointe Au Baril
English text: The barques "Iroquoise" and "Outaouaise", the last French ships of war that navigated Lake Ontario, were built on this point, then called Pointe Au Baril. On 17th August, 1760, the Outaouaise, commanded by Captain La Broquerie, . . . — Map (db m87011) HM
Ontario (Leeds & Grenville Counties), Mallorytown — Chimney Island (Bridge Island)
During the War of 1812 the St. Lawrence was the life-line of Upper Canada along which virtually all military and civilian supplies were transported from Montréal to Kingston. Fear that the Americans might attempt to block the passage of materiel . . . — Map (db m87163) HM
Ontario (Leeds & Grenville Counties), Prescott — Bytown and Prescott Railway Company 1850
This company, incorporated in 1850, built a railway from Prescott to Bytown (Ottawa) for the shipment of lumber and farm products to markets of the north-eastern United States and Montreal. Substantial funds were raised at Bytown, Prescott and . . . — Map (db m83430) HM
Ontario (Leeds & Grenville Counties), Prescott — Capture of Ogdensburg1813
On the morning of February 22, 1813, Lieutenant-Colonel "Red George" Macdonell of the Glengarry Light Infantry set out from Prescott with a force of some 480 regulars and militia to capture the strong United States military post at Ogdensburg. The . . . — Map (db m86971) HM
Ontario (Leeds & Grenville Counties), Prescott — Col. Edward Jessup1735-1816
Born in Stamford, Connecticut, he forfeited 500,000 acres near Albany, New York, by taking up arms for the King on the outbreak of the American Revolution. He raised the Loyal (Jessup’s) Rangers and served under Burgoyne. This corps was disbanded . . . — Map (db m83429) HM
Ontario (Leeds & Grenville Counties), Prescott — Fort Wellington
English: The first Fort Wellington was erected on this site during the War of 1812 to shelter British regular troops and Canadian militia defending the vital St. Lawrence River transportation route. In February 1813 those soldiers crossed . . . — Map (db m83365) HM
Ontario (Leeds & Grenville Counties), Prescott — Grand Trunk RailwayPrescott
The Grand Trunk was incorporated in 1853 to run from Sarnia to Portland, Maine. Although it took over existing lines, new ones had to be built, including sections of the key Toronto to Montréal line completed by the noted English engineering firm . . . — Map (db m45781) HM
Ontario (Leeds & Grenville Counties), Prescott — Justus Sherwood1747 - 1798
Born in Connecticut, Sherwood settled in Vermont in 1774. On the outbreak of the American Revolution he was arrested as a Loyalist, but escaped to join the British at Crown Point. He was taken prisoner at Saratoga in 1777, and after being exchanged . . . — Map (db m86972) HM
Ontario (Leeds & Grenville Counties), Prescott — Major James Morrow Walsh1840-1905
Born and educated in Prescott, Walsh was trained at military schools at Kingston and by 1873 had attained the rank of Major in the militia. In that year he was commissioned in the newly formed North-West Mounted Police. While in charge at Fort . . . — Map (db m86953) HM
Ontario (Leeds & Grenville Counties), Prescott — Prescott Barracks and Hospital
The front portion of this structure one of the earliest surviving military buildings in Ontario, was constructed as a residence about 1810 by Colonel Edward Jessup, the founder of Prescott. Following the outbreak of the War of 1812, the stone house . . . — Map (db m86950) HM
Ontario (Leeds & Grenville Counties), Prescott — Prescott War Memorial
World War I 1914-1918 Arthur E. Baker • Howard Baker • Philip V. Blacklock • Cecil Bovaird • Ward W. Burke • John H. Davy • Jacob S. Doyle • G. Harvey Ewart • Ira H. Glasgow • Albert Hurlbert • Royal W. Kingston • Roy Lindsay • John A. . . . — Map (db m83466) WM
Ontario (Leeds & Grenville Counties), Prescott — Sir Richard William Scott1825-1913
English: Born at Prescott, Scott was admitted to the bar in 1848 and practiced law in Ottawa. As a member of the legislature of United Canada (1857-63) he sponsored the Separate School Act of 1863. Subsequently, he represented Ottawa in . . . — Map (db m83364) HM
Ontario (Leeds & Grenville Counties), Prescott — The Battle of the WindmillLa Bataille du Moulin à Vent
English: After the 1837 Rebellions many rebels fled to the United States where a few joined American sympathizers in a new attempt to overthrow British rule in Canada. On 12 November 1838 they landed 190 men here and seized this windmill and . . . — Map (db m83433) HM
Ontario (Leeds & Grenville Counties), Prescott — The Battle of the WindmillLa Bataille du Moulin à Vent
English: Prelude to the Battle In 1837 the British army and loyal militia crushed the first armed revolt in Upper and Lowr Canada. Many rebels fled to the United States. The exiles joined with American sympathisers to form a secret . . . — Map (db m83476) HM
Ontario (Leeds & Grenville counties), Prescott — The Blue Church
On January 1, 1790, inhabitants of Augusta and Elizabethtown townships agreed to build a church here in the burying yard of the proposed town of "New Oswegatchie". Subscriptions were inadequate and nothing was built by 1804 when Barbara Heck, the . . . — Map (db m87008) HM
Ontario (Leeds & Grenville Counties), Prescott — The Forwarding Trade at Prescott
Before the completion of the canals between here and Montreal in 1847, Prescott was the eastern terminus of Great Lakes navigation. Established at the head of Galops Rapids in 1810, it soon became a centre for the forwarding, or shipping, trade and . . . — Map (db m86956) HM
Ontario (Leeds & Grenville Counties), Prescott — Welcome to the Site of The Battle of the Windmill
[ On the Right - In English ]: You are standing on a battlefield where men fought and died. This battle took place in November 1838, during the Canadian rebellions. One side fought to "liberate" Canada from British rule. The other side . . . — Map (db m83497) HM
Ontario (Leeds and Grenville Counties), Gananoque — Colonel Joel Stone1749-1833
Born in Connecticut, Stone forfeited his home and property there when he fled to New York to serve with the Loyalist militia during the American Revolution. He came to Canada in 1786, settled with his family in New Johnstown (now Cornwall) and was . . . — Map (db m90006) HM
Ontario (Leeds and Grenville Counties), Gananoque — Private John Henry (Harry) BrownVictoria Cross — Born Gananoque 9 May 1898 Died of wounds 17 August 1917, age 19
John Henry Brown enlisted in the Canadian Expeditionary Force on 18 August 1916 and reported to the 10th battalion in France in late June 1917. On 15 August his unit captured Hill 70, just east of Vimy Ridge. But on 16 August it was . . . — Map (db m90007) HM
Ontario (Leeds and Grenville Counties), Gananoque — War of 1812-1814
During the war of 1812, Gananoque was a strategic point along the St. Lawrence River corridor. All supplies heading west to support British and Canadian forces had to pass through this channel. On September 21, 1812, a company of U.S. army rifleman . . . — Map (db m90003) HM
Ontario (Leeds and Grenville Counties), Maitland — Dorothy Martha Dumbrille1897-1981
Described as a writer "having a mission", this novelist, poet and historian authored ten books. Born in Crysler, she was the daughter of an Anglican priest, The Venerable Archdeacon Rupert J. Dumbrille and his wife. She lived in many Eastern . . . — Map (db m89998) HM
Ontario (Leeds and Grenville Counties), Maitland — Dumbrille's Store
Built as a house in the 1850s, this sturdy stone building was altered in 1877 by John Dumbrille, when he relocated his general store from across the street in front of his residence "Sprucelawn". In 1879 he was appointed Maitland's postmaster and . . . — Map (db m89979) HM
Ontario (Leeds and Grenville Counties), Maitland — Homewood
Construction of Homewood was begun in 1800 by Dr. Solomon Jones, a prominent Loyalist, local officeholder and early resident of this region. With its balanced five-bay façade, centre hallway plan and classical detailing, it reflects the influence . . . — Map (db m89978) HM
Ontario (Leeds and Grenville Counties), Maitland — Lieut.-Col. Thain Wendell MacDowell, V.C., D.S.O.1890-1960
Born in Lachute, Québec, MacDowell moved to Maitland in 1897. He attended local schools and graduated from the University of Toronto in 1915. During World War I, he enlisted, on January 9, 1915, in the 38th Battalion, C.E.F. On April 9, 1917, . . . — Map (db m89999) HM
Ontario (Leeds and Grenville Counties), Maitland — St. James Church 1826
Among Augusta Township's earliest settlers were a number of Anglican Loyalists who, by 1785, we're holding services in private houses. The first resident missionary, the Reverend John Bethune, was appointed to this area in 1814. Reverend Robert . . . — Map (db m90002) HM
Ontario (Leeds and Grenville Counties), Maitland — St. James's Masonic Lodge No. 74A.F. & A.M.
In a building on property contiguous to this site, St. James Lodge No. 74 (originally No. 40) was founded 9 February 1857. The Christian Order of Masonry, then known as the Sovereign Grand Conclave of England and Wales was instituted here 6 March . . . — Map (db m90000) HM
Ontario (Leeds and Grenville Counties), Maitland — The Founding of Maitland
In this vicinity, the site of a shipyard used during both the late French and early British periods, a village plot was laid out in 1824 for Jehiel and Ziba Phillips. Adjacent to it George Longley, a recent English emigrant, acquired an estate on . . . — Map (db m89996) HM
Ontario (Leeds and Grenville Counties), Roebuck — Roebuck Indian Village Site
Approximately 500 years ago an Iroquoian agricultural community of about 1600 persons occupied this site. Archaeological excavations suggested approximately 40 communal longhouses, averaging nearly 100 feet in length, stood in this village, . . . — Map (db m89977) HM
Ontario (Leeds and Grenville Counties), Spencerville — The Founding of Spencerville
By 1821 Peleg Spencer was operating a grist-mill and sawmill on the South Nation River on a Clergy Lot he had leased in 1817, having previously owned a sawmill on the site from 1811 till 1814. David Spencer, son of Peleg, took over the mills in . . . — Map (db m89974) HM
Ontario (Lennox & Addington Counties), Bath — Early Latter-day Saints in Upper Canada
The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints was organized in 1830 in Fayette, New York. Its unique message was that the original gospel of Jesus Christ had been restored through a modern prophet, Joseph Smith. The Church became known as the . . . — Map (db m83646) HM
Ontario (Lennox & Addington Counties), Bath — The First Steamship on Lake OntarioLe Premier Vapeur du Lac Ontario
English: In the early 1800's Kingston was a shipbuilding centre of note. The FRONTENAC, the first steamship to navigate Lake Ontario, was built here at Finkle's Point, Ernestown (now Bath), and launched September 7, 1816. Designed to carry . . . — Map (db m83645) HM
Ontario (Lennox & Addington Counties), Greater Napanee — Bay of Quinte Loyalist SettlementL’Etablissement des Loyalistes dans la Baie d Quinte
English: This region was among the first in present day Ontario to receive loyalist settlers following the American Revolution. Surveying began in 1783, and by the following year five townships had been laid out between the Cataraqui River . . . — Map (db m83649) HM
Ontario (Lennox & Addington Counties), Greater Napanee — Escape of the Royal George 1812
Opposite here is the gap between Amherst Island and the eastern tip of Prince Edward County. On November 9, 1812, the British Corvette "Royal George" (22 guns), commanded by Commodore Hugh Earl(e), was intercepted off False Duck Islands by an . . . — Map (db m83643) HM
Ontario (Lennox & Addington Counties), Greater Napanee — The Royal Union Flag1707-1801
Originally designed in 1606, this flag was officially adopted in 1707 by England and Scotland as their royal standard at the time of the union of the thrones and parliaments of both countries. It consists of the blue background and white diagonal . . . — Map (db m83647) HM
Ontario (Middlesex County), Glencoe — Battle Hill
English Here was fought the Battle of Longwoods, 4th March, 1814. United States troops were entrenched on this hill. The British losses were Captain D. Johnson and Lieutenant P. Graeme and twelve men of the Royal Scots Light Company and . . . — Map (db m78370) HM
Ontario (Middlesex County), Glencoe — Battle of LongwoodsMarch 4, 1814
The view from the British side (left side) Commanded by Captain James Basden Royal Scots Light • Western (Caldwell) Rangers • 89th Foot Light • Kent and Middlesex Militia • British Indian Department On March 3, 1814, the . . . — Map (db m78369) HM WM
Ontario (Middlesex County), London — "Holy Roller"
Presented to the City of London by 1st Hussars, 4th June 1950 in memory of the First Hussars who fell in two World Wars The only tank of 6th Canadian Armoured Regiment (1st Hussars) to complete campaign in North-West Europe D-Day . . . — Map (db m18922) HM
Ontario (Middlesex County), London — 50th Anniversary of the Allied Invasion of Normandy1944 - 1994 — "Hodie Non Cras"
This plaque is placed here to commemorate the 50th anniversary of the Allied Invasion of Normandy on D Day, 6th June 1944. It is dedicated to the soldiers of the First Hussars, to those who took part in the assault, to those who fought in the . . . — Map (db m18923) HM
Ontario (Middlesex County), London — Banting House
Here, in the early morning hours of October 31, 1920, Dr. Frederick Banting conceived an idea for research that led to the discovery of insulin. He believed that diabetes, then a fatal disease, could be treated by a substance extracted from a dog's . . . — Map (db m18975) HM
Ontario (Middlesex County), London — Birthplace of Insulin
In 1920, while living and practicing medicine here, Dr. F. G. Banting conceived the idea which eventually led to the discovery of insulin and the saving of millions of lives worldwide. This statue, created by sculptor John Miecznikowski, depicts . . . — Map (db m18994) HM
Ontario (Middlesex County), London — Birthplace of the Flame of Hope
The Flame of Hope was conceived by His Honour Judge John M. Seneshen, and stands as a symbol for all persons suffering from diabetes around the world. This flame will burn continuously and only be extinguished when it can be declared that a cure for . . . — Map (db m18996) HM
Ontario (Middlesex County), London — Crimean War Cannons
These cannon were used at the seige of Sebastopol, and were brought to this country after the capture of that city by the British in 1855. Sir John Carling was instrumental in procuring these three pieces for this city. This gun is a British piece. . . . — Map (db m18928) HM
Ontario (Middlesex County), London — Eldon House
Built in 1834 by Capt. John Harris, R.N., treasurer of the London District, this is London's oldest remaining house. With his wife Amelia, daughter of Samuel Ryerse, Harris came to London after the District offices were moved here from Vittoria. For . . . — Map (db m18970) HM
Ontario (Middlesex County), London — Engine 86
Built in 1910 for the Grand Trunk Railway by the Canadian Locomotive Company of Kingston, Ontario, and weighing 135 tons, Engine 86 is one of the last remaining 2-6-0 Mogul engines in Canada. This class of engine was designed specifically for . . . — Map (db m75960) HM
Ontario (Middlesex County), London — Harold A. Rogers, O.C., O.B.E.1899 - 1994
The founder of Kinsmen & Kinette Clubs of Canada was born and raised at 324 Dundas Street, directly across from the armouries. Seeking the camaraderie he had experienced in the army during the First World War, “Hal” Rogers began the . . . — Map (db m18933) HM
Ontario (Middlesex County), London — London Armouries
Completed in 1905, the London Armouries is attributed to Department of Public Works architect, T. E. Fuller. It was the home of the militia units of the Royal Canadian Regiment, the First Hussars, the Royal Canadian Artillery, Royal Canadian Army . . . — Map (db m18929) HM
Ontario (Middlesex County), London — London South African War Memorial1899 - 1902
“In Honour of the Men from the London District who Fought for the Empire in South Africa, and in Memory of Those Who Fell.” 1899 - 1902 [First Panel] Pte. D. L. Moore, R.C.R.- Feb 14th, 1900 Pte. J. A. Donegan, 26th . . . — Map (db m18927) HM
Ontario (Middlesex County), London — London War Cenotaph
East facade: MCM XIV The Glorious Dead West facade:MCM XXXIX 1950 - 1953 Bronze plaque on West facade: In honour of those who died in war and conflict Erected 1934 by the Imperial Order Daughters of the . . . — Map (db m18966) WM
Ontario (Middlesex County), London — London Women's Monument
The London Women's Monument was dedicated on December 6, 1994. The 5th anniversary of the Montreal Massacre. It is a place to remember and reflect on violence, particularly violence against women, and all women and men who work to end it. — Map (db m18932) HM
Ontario (Middlesex County), London — Middlesex Court HouseLe Palais de Justice de Middlesex
[English Translation] Erected in 1830, this building was modelled after Malahide Castle, near Dublin, Ireland, the ancestral home of Colonel Thomas Talbot, founder of the Talbot Settlement. The site was a part of the town plot set aside . . . — Map (db m18962) HM
Ontario (Middlesex County), London — The 1st Hussars
To the everlasting memory of the members of THE 1ST HUSSARS both the living and the dead, who together with other Canadian and Allied servicemen participated in the glorious campaign of 1944-1945 that led to the liberation of the . . . — Map (db m18921) HM
Ontario (Middlesex County), London — The British Garrison in London
In one of several concentrations of British troops in Upper Canada various infantry and artillery units were stationed on a military reserve here during the mid-19th century. The garrison, which contributed significantly to the economic growth of . . . — Map (db m18918) HM
Ontario (Middlesex County), London — The East London Town Hall
Completed in 1884, restored in 1969 as Aeolian Town Hall, served as a centre for political and social life in London East until 1947. — Map (db m18963) HM
Ontario (Middlesex County), London — The Founding of London
In 1793, here on the River Thames, Lieutenant-Governor John Graves Simcoe selected a site for the capital of Upper Canada. York, however, became the seat of government and the townsite of London lay undeveloped until its selection in 1826 as the . . . — Map (db m18971) HM
Ontario (Middlesex County), London — The Gaol and Courthouse, London, c.1843Painting by George Russell Dartnell
“More change has been caused to the views around London by the cutting down of hills and the building of gullies.”           --Harriet Priddis, in her “Reminiscences” (1902) In the 1840s George Russell Dartnell . . . — Map (db m18973) HM
Ontario (Middlesex County), London — The Petition of John Ewart
The Petition of John Ewart of the Town of York: Humbly Shewith: That while your Petitioner was performing his contract for building the Court House and Gaol in the town of London, in the London District, he was located by Colonel Talbot upon . . . — Map (db m18974) HM
Ontario (Middlesex County), London — The Ridout Street Complex
This streetscape includes several of London's earliest buildings and provides a capsule view of the appearance of mid-19th century Ontario cities. These buildings, the earliest of which was begun in 1835, include residential, industrial and . . . — Map (db m18972) HM
Ontario (Middlesex County), London — Veterans' Garden2005 - Year of the Veteran
Dedicated November 4, 2005 to remember, honour, and celebrate our Canadian Veterans. May the memory of their achievements and sacrifices be kept alive. This garden was made possible thanks to the generous donation by Angus and Mabe . . . — Map (db m18969) HM
Ontario (Middlesex County), London — Veterans' Memorial Carillon2005 - Year of the Veteran — "We Will Never Forget"
With deepest gratitude to those who so generously contributed to this visible and resonant remembrance of our Canadian Veterans Separate Stone marker nearby: Thank You Canada Thank You Veterans 1940 - 1945 This musical . . . — Map (db m18968) HM
Ontario (Municipality of Metropolitan Toronto), Toronto — William Arthur Parks 1868-1936
The first Director of the Royal Ontario Museum of Palaeontology, Parks was born in Hamilton and educated at the University of Toronto, from which he received a Doctorate in 1900. Initially known as an expert on "stromatoporoids", a unique group of . . . — Map (db m83663) HM
Ontario (National Capital Region), Ottawa — Animals in WarLes animaux en temps de guerre
This memorial includes three plaques. plaque 1: English: For centuries, animals have demonstrated an enduring partnership with humans during times of war. They have served as means of transportation, beast of burden, . . . — Map (db m82254) WM
Ontario (National Capital Region), Ottawa — Canada’s CapitalLa capitale du Canada.
English: After the union of the two Canadas in 1841 Kingston, Montréal, Toronto and Québec were in succession the seat of government. During the 1850's these cities contended for designation as the permanent capital of Canada. When called . . . — Map (db m83312) HM
Ontario (National Capital Region), Ottawa — Canadian Airmen Lost Over Poland
“To live in the hearts we leave behind is not to die” “Survivre dans les coeurs de ceux qu’on aura quittes ce n’est pas mourir” (Thomas Campbell) This is to express the gratitude and admiration which lives in . . . — Map (db m82249) WM
Ontario (National Capital Region), Ottawa — Lieutenant Colonel Charles-Michel d’Irumberry de Salaberry, CBLe lieutenant-colonel Charles-Michel d’Irumberry de Salaberry, C.B. — (1778-1829)
English: A skillful professional soldier, Salaberry formed the celebrated Voltigeurs canadiens. In 1813, he outwitted and defeated a vastly superior American force at the Battle of Châteauguay, helping to save Lower Canada from invasion. . . . — Map (db m83313) HM
Ontario (National Capital Region), Ottawa — Oscar Peterson1925 - 2007
English: Oscar Peterson emerged from the Montréal working class neighbourhood known as Little Burgundy to become one of the world’s greatest piano virtuosos. His place in the international jazz pantheon is universally recognized. With . . . — Map (db m83311) HM
Ontario (National Capital Region), Ottawa — Rideau Canal National Historic Site of CanadaLieu historique national du Canada du Canal-Rideau
English: The Rideau Canal, a great military engineering achievement of the 19th century, opened central Canada to settlement and trade. The canal construction also brought thousands of people to the area, helping to shape the community of . . . — Map (db m83421) HM
Ontario (National Capital Region), Ottawa — Sappers’ BridgePont des Sapeurs
English: These foundations of “Sappers’ Bridge,” built by Lieutenant-Colonel John By and this Royal Engineers in 1827, represent the contributions of military engineers in Canada. This plaque was erected April 29, 2004, in honour . . . — Map (db m83366) HM
Ontario (National Capital Region), Ottawa — South African (Boer) War Memorial

English: Erected by 30,000 children of Ottawa and adjoining counties in memory of Trtr. G. Bradley • Dvr. R. Bradley • Cpl. W.S. Bradly • Pte. O.T. Burns • Pte. H. Cotton • Pte, E. DesLaurters • Pte. W.A, Hull • Pte. Z.R.E. . . . — Map (db m82252) WM

Ontario (National Capital Region), Ottawa — Thayendanegea (Joseph Brant)(1742-1807)
English: A notable Mohawk warrior and statesman, and principal war chief of the Six Nations, he led his people in support of the British. After the war, he brought his people to Canada to settle near where Brantford now stands. American . . . — Map (db m83315) HM
Ontario (National Capital Region), Ottawa — The CommissariatL’Intendance
English: “Plenty of spirits, and provisions of all sorts, with beds, blankets, mits, caps, shoes, etc. shall always be at hand, in the Government store, to answer whatever demands may come for such articles by the people on the . . . — Map (db m83363) HM
Ontario (National Capital Region), Ottawa — The Rideau CanalLe canal Rideau
English: Built between 1826 and 1832, the Rideau Canal is the best preserved, fully operational example of North America’s great canal building era. Lieutenant-Colonel John By’s innovative deign was based on a “slackwater” . . . — Map (db m83361) HM
Ontario (National Capital Region), Ottawa — The Rideau WaterwayVoie navigable du canal Rideau
English: The Rideau Waterway stretches 202 kilometres through a chain of lakes, rivers and canals, linking Canada’s capital, Ottawa, to the historic city of Kingston on Lake Ontario. To follow the Rideau Waterway is not only a trip through . . . — Map (db m83362) HM
Ontario (Niagara Region), Allanburg — The Old Welland Canal
Originally conceived in 1818 by its promoter, William Hamilton Merritt, to divert trade from the Erie Canal and New York and built under private auspices, the canal was opened to traffic in 1829. After additional work in 1833, the canal with its 40 . . . — Map (db m75850) HM
Ontario (Niagara Region), Chippawa — Battle of Chippawa
[Text on the West Side]: Battle of Chippawa 5 July 1814 In memory of all those who fought on this ground, many of whom are buried nearby, and to commemorate the peace that has prevailed between Canada and the . . . — Map (db m49393) HM
Ontario (Niagara Region), Chippawa — Chippawa Battlefield Panel 1Background to a Battle
On these fields and the surrounding woods 4,000 American, British, Canadian and Native forces fought the first major battle of the Niagara campaign of 1814. When the last shots died away on Samuel Street's farm, more than 800 lay dead and wounded. . . . — Map (db m49398) HM
Ontario (Niagara Region), Chippawa — Chippawa Battlefield Panel 2Opening Strikes — July 5, 1814 3:00 p.m.
At dawn 5 July 1814, parties of Canadian-Militia and British allied Native Warriors scouted the American camp. They began sniping from the bushes on the north side of Street's Creek and this continued throughout the morning. Around noon, General . . . — Map (db m49399) HM
Ontario (Niagara Region), Chippawa — Chippawa Battlefield Panel 3Advance to Contact — July 5, 1814 3:30 p.m.
Major General Phineas Riall, the British commander, had repaired the bridge over the Chippawa and ordered his own Regular light infantry, the local Canadians of the 2nd Lincoln Militia and a force of Native Warriors, to clear out the now scattered . . . — Map (db m49400) HM
Ontario (Niagara Region), Chippawa — Chippawa Battlefield Panel 4Battle on the Plain — July 5, 1814 4:30 p.m.
British General Riall was convinced that the greater part of Brown's army was still surrounding Fort Erie. He did not know the Fort had surrendered and he was facing the entire U.S. division. Still, the number of men deployed on both sides was . . . — Map (db m49402) HM
Ontario (Niagara Region), Chippawa — Chippawa Battlefield Panel 5Final Stages — July 5, 1814 5:30 p.m.
As the battle raged, more American artillery deployed to the middle of the plain between the 11th U.S. and the lone 25th U.S. company, less than 100 meters (109 yards) from the British line. General Brown then led Ripley's brigade across Street's . . . — Map (db m49403) HM

484 markers matched your search criteria. The first 250 markers were listed. Next 234
Paid Advertisement