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“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
 
 

Oregon Historical Markers

 
Harold E. Babcock Marker image, Click for more information
By Kevin W., June 14, 2008
Harold E. Babcock Marker
Oregon (Clackamas County), Estacada — Harold E. Babcock
In remembrance of Harold E. Babcock Eagle Scout, WW II Veteran, Educator, and Master Mason Mr. Babcock kept the flags in Estacada flying for 20 years! — Map (db m8745) HM
Oregon (Clackamas County), Oregon City — Dr. Forbes Barclay1812 - 1873
Dr. Forbes Barclay left Scotland in 1839 for Fort Vancouver (Washington) where he became chief physician for Hudson's Bay Company. He moved to Oregon City in 1850 where he practiced medicine for many years. He was one of Oregon City's early mayors, . . . — Map (db m8692) HM
Oregon (Clackamas County), Oregon City — Dr. John McLoughlin"Father of Oregon"
Born in Riviere du Loup, Canada, October 19, 1784. 1824 Came to the Oregon Country as Chief Factor of the Columbia Department of the Hudson's Bay Company. 1829 Located his claim to the present site of Oregon City. 1845 Resigned his position . . . — Map (db m8699) HM
Oregon (Clackamas County), Oregon City — Eva Emery Dye
In memory of Eva Emery Dye and others who saved the McLoughlin House from demolition in 1909. The house was moved down Main Street and up Singer Hill to open as a museum on this location in 1910. Mrs. Dye was the author of “McLoughlin and Old . . . — Map (db m8698) HM
Oregon (Clackamas County), Oregon City — Joseph L. MeekBorn 1810 - Died 1875
Born in Washington Co. Va., Meek leaves home at age 18, arriving in St. Louis in the fall of 1828. Meek signs on as a trapper with the Rocky Mtn. Fur Co., remaining in the Rockies until 1839. 1839 - 1843: Meek travels to the Willamette Valley and . . . — Map (db m8673) HM
Oregon (Clackamas County), Oregon City — Larry G. DahlSpecialist 4, U. S. Army
Born in Oregon City June 10, 1949 Killed in Action February 23, 1971 Vice President Ford of the United States of America awarded posthumously in the name of Congress The Medal of Honor for conspicuous gallantry & intrepidity in . . . — Map (db m8711) HM
Oregon (Clackamas County), Oregon City — McCald BuildingCirca 1925
On this site was an early firehall. Current structure was built as City Hall housing city offices, Police Dept., and the jail, all of which remained until the mid 40s. Oregon City Beauty School occupied main floor and basement for 22 years. Jail . . . — Map (db m8747) HM
Oregon (Clackamas County), Oregon City — McLoughlin HouseNational Historic Site
In the city he founded, in this house he built, lived Dr. John McLoughlin, 1846-57. He won enduring fame for his generous and humane aid to early American settlers in the Oregon Country, as Chief Factor and Superintendent of the Hudson’s Bay . . . — Map (db m8693) HM
Oregon (Clackamas County), Oregon City — OK Barber Shop
Built by Ed Johnson as a full service barber shop with 4 chairs and bathing facilities. Basement still has massive brick boiler for hot water originally fired by sawdust from local mill. Converted to restaurant in 1986. — Map (db m8746) HM
Oregon (Clackamas County), Oregon City — M11 — Oregon CityOregon History
Oregon City - supply point for pioneer emigrants was first located as a claim by Dr. John McLoughlin in 1829. The first provisional legislature of the Oregon Country was held here in 1843 and land and tax laws formulated. Oregon City was the capital . . . — Map (db m8700) HM
Oregon (Clackamas County), Oregon City — M12 — Oregon City FallsOregon History
Oregon City - once known as Willamette Falls - was early the site of an Indian salmon fishing village. The falls furnished the power for a lumber mill which began operation in 1842. A flour mill in 1844. A woolen mill in 1864 and the first paper . . . — Map (db m8713) HM
Oregon (Clackamas County), Oregon City — Peter Skene Ogden House
400 feet south of this marker stood the home of Peter Skene Ogden Chief Factor of Hudson's Bay Co. and rescuer of the survivors of the Whitman Massacre. — Map (db m8714) HM
Oregon (Clackamas County), Oregon City — Veterans Memorial BuildingClackamas County
In memory of all who gave their lives for the preservation of American Freedom Spanish American War World War I World War II Harold L. Adams • Harold D. Alt • Alfred W. Anderson • Harold A. Anderson • Robert C. Baker • Herman v. . . . — Map (db m13264) HM
Oregon (Clackamas County), Sandy — The Vietnam MonumentNever to be Forgotten
[Marker on Monument's front]: In memory of veterans who served in all wars "Never to be Forgotten" Donated to the City of Sandy, Oregon and dedicated on November 11, 1987 by members of the Veterans of Foreign Wars of the United . . . — Map (db m8573) HM
Oregon (Clackamas County), Viola — Historic Viola SchoolViola Pioneer Cemetery
District #14           Built - 1894 — Map (db m8744) HM
Oregon (Clackamas County), Viola — Original Stash
Geocaching.com Original Stash First Geocache placed here. May 3, 2000 N 45° 17.460 W 122° 24.800 — Map (db m3121) HM
Oregon (Clackamas County), West Linn — M15 — Dr. John McLoughlin 1784 - 1857Oregon History
Chief factor of the Hudson’s Bay Company at Fort Vancouver, philanthropist, and founder of Oregon City. The land on the east bank of the Willamette River at the falls was claimed by Dr. McLoughlin and the Hudson’s Bay Co. in 1828-29. First called . . . — Map (db m8669) HM
Oregon (Clackamas County), West Linn — M16 — George AbernethyOregon History
From 1845 to 1849, George Abernethy was the first Provisional Governor of the Oregon Country, which extended from the Pacific Ocean to the Rocky Mountains and from California to Northern British Columbia. After arriving in Oregon in 1840 as part of . . . — Map (db m8670) HM
Oregon (Clackamas County), West Linn — M14 — Willamette FallsOregon History
Was early the site of an Indian salmon fishing village. The falls furnished the power for a lumber mill which began operation in 1842, a flour mill in 1844, a woolen mill in 1864 and the first paper mill in the Pacific Northwest in 1867. The first . . . — Map (db m8668) HM
Oregon (Clackamas County), West Linn — M13 — Willamette Falls LocksOregon History
Still in use below this point-were opened on New Years Day, 1873, when the steamer Maria Wilkins became the first vessel to navigate up the west end of Willamette Falls. Farming and shipping interests had long sought to eliminate expensive portages . . . — Map (db m8667) HM
Oregon (Clackamas County), Willamette National Cemetery — King 56 Aircrew Memorial
In memory of the 304th Rescue Squadron aircrew members, who lost their lives on board aircraft King 56, while performing a training mission on the night of November 22, 1996. These men were Citizen Soldiers committed to the preservation of the . . . — Map (db m11977) HM
Oregon (Clackamas County), Wilsonville — Boone's Landing
Many of Oregon's early transportation routes resulted from the efforts of enterprising pioneers like the Boone family of Clackamas County. In 1846 Alphonso Boone, grandson of Daniel Boone, emigrated to Oregon via the Applegate Trail with his large . . . — Map (db m38396) HM
Oregon (Clackamas County), Wilsonville — Wilsonville Baseball
Baseball was a popular past time in Wilsonville during an era community baseball that ran around 1910 to 1930. The highlight was 1914, the year the Wilsonville Athletic Club won the state Championship. Regular Sunday play on this site was . . . — Map (db m76951) HM
Oregon (Columbia County), Deer Island — M1 — Deer IslandOregon History
Deer Island in the Columbia was named by the Lewis and Clark Expedition which stopped to dine here November 5, 1805 on its way down river. Homeward bound the explorers camped on the island on March 28,1806. Captain Clark recorded "This morning we . . . — Map (db m7981) HM
Oregon (Coos County), Bandon — Judah Parker County ParkEstablished 1957
In the year 1874 on this and adjoining property Captain Judah Parker and partners built and operated the first steam sawmill and steam tug on the Coquille River. A year later Captain Parker, with the assistance of the settlers and farmers . . . — Map (db m73228) HM
Oregon (Coos County), Coos Bay — Camp Cast-A-WayJanuary 2, 1852
To commemorate Camp Cast-A-Way January 2, 1852 First white settlement in what is now Coos County On the beach west of here the U.S. Transport Captain Lincoln was beached at high tide during a storm. The soldiers and crew built a . . . — Map (db m73227) HM
Oregon (Crook County), Prineville — Clues to a Volcanic Past
Stein's Pillar, 350 feet high and 120 feet wide, is a modern day clue to this area's ancient past. Around forty-four million years ago, avalanches of hot ash, pumice and volcanic dust flowing from local volcanic centers filled this ancient . . . — Map (db m64448) HM
Oregon (Curry County), Gold Beach — Mary D. Hume
In 1876 Mr. R.D. Hume of Astoria, Oregon, decided to move his commercial salmon fishing, processing and shipping business to the mouth of the Rogue River. Mr. Hume anticipated huge profits due to the large run of "King" Salmon which entered the . . . — Map (db m73202) HM
Oregon (Curry County), Port Orford — Wreck of the Cottoneva
On Feb. 10, 1937, winds over 74 M.P.H. caused the 190 foot steam schooner "Cottoneva" to run aground at Battle Rock. It was in port loading lumber. The captain and all 26 seamen were rescued by the Coast Guard crew using a breeches body. The . . . — Map (db m73203) HM
Oregon (Deschutes County), Bend — "The Westward Movement"Pilot Butte Park
Pilot Butte was a beacon for travelers. On a day sometime in the year 1813, and Indian lookout, from one of several tribes summering in this vicinity, might have “hiked the butte” and from here observed an exploration party . . . — Map (db m63090) HM
Oregon (Deschutes County), Bend — Lava Butte
Geologists say the volcanic activity of this area occurred less than 6000 years ago. Lava which exuded from the south side of this butte flowed to the west and blocked the Deschutes River, deflecting it from its former channel. This formed the . . . — Map (db m68673) HM
Oregon (Deschutes County), Bend — Lava River Cave
(Marker #1) Welcome LAVA RIVER CAVE is one of Oregon's longest (5466 feet) uncollapsed lava tubes. About 100,000 years ago, this conduit carried 2000° F. (1100° C.) lava from an upslope vent to lower areas on the flanks of the Newberry . . . — Map (db m92909)
Oregon (Deschutes County), Bend — Oregon's Fabled "High Desert"Pilot Butte Park
This complex ecosystem nurtures a variety of plants and animals. Vast, sage-covered plains begin at the eastern foot of the Pilot Butte and stretch dramatically to the east and south. This is Oregon’s fabled “High Desert”. The . . . — Map (db m63094) HM
Oregon (Deschutes County), Bend — Some Lava Flows Build Their Own PipelinesNewberry National Volcanic Monument
You may already know about pipelines. Oil, water and gas, chemicals, medicine and food flow to us through pipes and tubes. Pipelines are a naturally efficient way to move fluid from one place to another. Nature constructs marvelous . . . — Map (db m92910)
Oregon (Deschutes County), Bend — The City of BendPilot Butte Park
In the beginning...there were old growth trees. The small community, first called Farewell Bend from the nearby big bend in the Deschutes River, could have been called “Pilot Butte” if the 1901 recommendation of Postmaster William . . . — Map (db m63089) HM
Oregon (Deschutes County), La Pine — A Special Place on the Planet
Where people lived near obsidian, their lives and cultures were transformed. They used and celebrated the glassy gift of volcanoes to manufacture tools, weapons, jewelry, sculptures, and ceremonial objects. To ancient Central American people, the . . . — Map (db m72437) HM
Oregon (Deschutes County), La Pine — Big Obsidian Flow
The furnaces of the earth brought spectacular change to this land 1300 years ago. A new, rough, glassy environment offered a harsh home for the heartiest plants and animals. Past cultures prized the shiny black rock for their survival. Today, the . . . — Map (db m72434)
Oregon (Deschutes County), La Pine — Glass Menagerie
The entire surface of this remarkable flow is glass, a liquid that cooled without crystallizing. The striking differences you see from rock to rock are due to the number and size of bubbles. Why is everything glass? Whether natural or . . . — Map (db m72435)
Oregon (Deschutes County), La Pine — The Eruption
First came a violent eruption of pumice and ash. Then glassy lava oozed from the ground. (Graphic Index) 1 Magma Chamber From deep hot regions, liquid rock called magma accumulated in a chamber 2 to 4 miles (3 to 6 km) below the . . . — Map (db m72436)
Oregon (Deschutes County), Sisters — The Life of a Lake
You are standing on the shore of a lake that may seem old but in geologic terms was formed yesterday. Fish Lake continues to change, seasonally and through the decades. Around three thousand years ago an eruption of Nash Crater formed Fish Lake . . . — Map (db m70950)
Oregon (Deschutes County), Sisters — Time Traveler
Welcome to historic Fish Lake. Now a quiet and peaceful place, it was once filled with the hustle and bustle of people working and traveling across the Cascades. Nearby is the Fish Lake Remount Depot which has been in continuous use as a . . . — Map (db m62025) HM
Oregon (Deschutes County), Terrebonne — Peter Skene Ogden Park
Peter Skene Ogden was born at Quebec in 1794. He explored Central Oregon for the Hudson's Bay Company in 1825 and in December of that year discovered Crooked River not far from this spot. He died at Oregon City in 1854. Land for this park was . . . — Map (db m80487) HM
Oregon (Grant County), Canyon City — Canyon City Mural
Gold was discovered on Whiskey Flat in June, 1862; Canyon City quickly grew and became the County Seat by 1864. Scenes and Characters from the early years come alive in this 1996 mural by Larry Kangas. This colorful history is celebrated at "62 . . . — Map (db m96719) HM
Oregon (Grant County), Canyon City — Welcome To Canyon CityGold Discovered Here In 1862
In June 1862, a company of miners from northern California were heading east over the Strawberry Mountain Range, when one of the men discovered gold on Whiskey Flat, half a mile south of here. Miners from all over the area flocked into the area, and . . . — Map (db m96722) HM
Oregon (Grant County), Dayville — Picture Gorge BasaltsJohn Day Fossil Beds National Monument
The dark layers of Picture Gorge were formed from seventeen distinct floods of lava flowing from nearby cracks in the earth. These basalt flows joined with others covering much of eastern Washington and Oregon, and northern Idaho, beginning about 16 . . . — Map (db m71521)
Oregon (Harney County), Burns — Fort HarneyOregon History
Fort Harney, on the former Malheur Indian Reservation, was named for Gen. Wm. S. Harney, who took command of the Military Department of Oregon, Sept. 13, 1858. The fort was established Aug. 10, 1867, and became a permanent Military Post. By order of . . . — Map (db m63026) HM
Oregon (Harney County), Burns — The Terrible TrailOregon History
Weary Oregon Trail emigrants, eager to ease travel or gain mileage, often attempted cutoffs and shortcuts. While many of these alternate routes proved successful, others did not--they became roads to ruin for some and the end of the trail for . . . — Map (db m63032) HM
Oregon (Hood River County), Cascade Locks — Bradford Island FishwayFish Ladder at Bonneville Dam
Migrating fish are attracted to large flows of water coming from the Bonneville Dam. To take advantage of this natural reaction, fish-collection facilities are placed along the face of the powerhouse and at each end of the spillway dam. These . . . — Map (db m92686) HM
Oregon (Hood River County), Cascade Locks — Sturgeon HabitatBonneville Hatchery
Sturgeon range throughout the Columbia River system, however the construction of Bonneville Dam and the other dams upstream blocked sturgeon migration. Sturgeon, unlike salmon, do not use fish ladders. Sturgeon below Bonneville Dam travel up and . . . — Map (db m92687) HM
Oregon (Jackson County), Ashland — Citizens Banking and Trust Company Building No. 2 1910
. . . — Map (db m96026) HM
Oregon (Jackson County), Ashland — Enders Building No. 1, 1914
. . . — Map (db m96027) HM
Oregon (Jackson County), Ashland — The Whittle Garage
This property has been placed on the National Register of Historic Paces by the Unted States Department of the Interior the Whittle Garage 1925 — Map (db m96028) HM
Oregon (Jackson County), Jacksonville — Catholic Rectory
Built in 1866 as a one room schoolhouse for Catholic boys, it became the rectory for Father F.X. Blanchet in 1870. An addition was built in 1891. St. Joseph's Catholic Church became a mission of Medford in 1908 the rectory became a private . . . — Map (db m91767) HM
Oregon (Jackson County), Jacksonville — City Hall
The City Hall was built 1880-81 at a cost of $2500.00, which included the price of the land. A meeting hall for the town's Board of Trustees, and office area for the town recorder, two jail cells, and accommodations for fire fighting equipment were . . . — Map (db m91781) HM
Oregon (Jackson County), Jacksonville — Methodist Episcopal ChurchJacksonville, Oregon
Dedicated the first Sunday in January, 1855 First church built in Rogue River Valley Tablet placed by Crater Lake Chapter Daughters of the American Revolution 1932 — Map (db m91766) HM
Oregon (Jackson County), Jacksonville — Rich GulchGold First Found Here 1851
Gold found here in 1851 by James Cluggage John R. Poole — Map (db m12617) HM
Oregon (Jackson County), Jacksonville — Rogue River Valley Railroad Depot1891 • 1925
This is the site of the depot of the Rogue River Valley Railroad which ran from Medford to Jacksonville Siskiyou Pioneer Sites Foundation Medford, Oregon — Map (db m91772) HM
Oregon (Jackson County), Medford — Cuthbert BuildingHistoric Renovation Award 2006
The Cuthbert Building, constructed in 1910, was built by the Big Bend Milling Company. Franklin Cuthbert's furniture originally occupied the building. The building has housed a series of department stores. In 1920, the Golden Rule Mercantile Co., a . . . — Map (db m92072) HM
Oregon (Jackson County), Pinehurst — Crossing the Siskiyous
Applegate Trail emigrants required up to four days to travel from the Klamath River over the Cascades and Siskiyous to the Rouge River valley. The journey may have challenged those with healthy oxen, but it was a devastating trail for those whose . . . — Map (db m88403) HM
Oregon (Jackson County), Pinehurst — Historic Applegate TrailTub Springs
In July 1846 Jesse Applegate, Levi Scott and thirteen others known as "The South Road Party" located this pioneer trail. It was used by the emigrants traveling from Fort Hall on the Oregon Trail to the Rogue River and Willamette Valleys between . . . — Map (db m88005) HM
Oregon (Jackson County), Pinehurst — The Applegate TrailTub Springs
Southern Route to Oregon In 1846, Jesse Applegate and fourteen others from near Dallas, Oregon, established a trail south from the Willamette Valley and east to Fort Hall. This route offered emigrants an alternative to the perilous . . . — Map (db m88017) HM
Oregon (Jefferson County), Terrebonne — A Bridge for the New Millenium
Throughout the 20th century, traffic increased dramatically on US Highway 97 - from a few vihicles per day in the 1920's to over 8,000 by the 1990's! After 70 years, the Crooked River (High) Bridge (1926) though still structurally sound was unable . . . — Map (db m80488) HM
Oregon (Jefferson County), Terrebonne — Peter Skene OgdenOregon History
This park is named for Peter Skene Ogden, 1793-1854. In the fall of 1825, Ogden led a Hudston's Bay Company trapping party on the first recorded journey into central Oregon, crossing the country to the north and east into the Crooked River Valley . . . — Map (db m67889) HM
Oregon (Jefferson County), Terrebonne — The Crooked River (High) Bridge
Central Oregon's roads were primitive at best during the early 1900s. Until the 1920s, US Highway 97 was a collection of unpaved roads. Prior to construction of the Crooked River (High) Bridge in 1926, the only nearby crossing was a small, one-lane . . . — Map (db m67888) HM
Oregon (Jefferson County), Terrebonne — The Oregon Trunk Railroad Bridge
The Oregon Trunk Railway Bridge, constructed in 1911, was the first structure to cross this spectacular gorge. Prior to construction the only crossing of the Crooked River in this region was located about a mile upstream, where the canyon's sheer . . . — Map (db m80490) HM
Oregon (Jefferson County), Warm Springs — Indian TrailsOregon History
An ancient trail passed through here as part of an extensive Indian trade network linking peoples of the Northern Great Basin and Columbia Plateau to those living west of the Cascades. Obsidian, bear grass, and slaves were transported over these . . . — Map (db m36498) HM
Oregon (Josephine County), Cave Junction — Oregon Caves National Monument
Upper plaque: National Monument Set aside by President Taft July 12, 1909 Lower plaque: Department of the Interior National Park Service Regulations require that all persons entering . . . — Map (db m63167) HM
Oregon (Josephine County), Grants Pass — The First Brick Building in Grants Pass
Erected by Charles A. Wing in 1949, upon the site of the first brick building in Grants Pass, which was constructed by John W. Howard in 1886. — Map (db m91926) HM
Oregon (Josephine County), Selma — Fort Hay
This fortified ranch was a donation land claim filed by Wm. B. Hay in 1854. It was attacked by 200 Takelma Indians on March 23, 1856. A battle including hand-to-hand combat raged into the night. The hostiles withdrew in the morning and . . . — Map (db m91942) HM
Oregon (Josephine County), Sunny Valley — Grave Creek Ranch1851 - 1918 — Grave Creek Covered Bridge Historical Site
This covered bridge is the one remaining covered bridge in Josephine County. It was constructed by Elmer J. Nelson in 1920 as part of the new Pacific Highway project at a cost of $21,128.65. It was built on Josephine County’s first donation land . . . — Map (db m63153) HM
Oregon (Josephine County), Wolf Creek — The Applegate TrailSouthern Route to Oregon
In 1846, Jesse Applegate and fourteen others from near Dallas, Oregon, established a trail south from the Williamette Valley and east to Fort Hall. This route offered emigrants an alternative to the perilous “last leg” of the Oregon . . . — Map (db m63155) HM
Oregon (Josephine County), Wolf Creek — Wolf Creek TavernWolf Creek Inn
Wolf Creek Tavern was built c. 1883 by Henry Smith, a highly successful and influential local entrepreneur. The establishment of the hotel, mercantile and post office occurred at the time the Oregon and California Railroad was being completed in . . . — Map (db m47204) HM
Oregon (Klamath County), Crater Lake — After the CollapseMount Mazama — Crater Lake National Park
About 6,800 years ago, at the climax of a series of dramatic eruptions, the top of Mt. Mazama collapsed. Left behind was the huge crater, or caldera, you see today. But before the caldera filled with water, there were more eruptions. The . . . — Map (db m63122) HM
Oregon (Klamath County), Crater Lake — Before the CollapseMount Mazama — Crater Lake National Park
When Mt. Mazama collapsed about 6,800 years ago, it left behind evidences of its former self. Like X-ray photos the steep caldera walls reveal the interior of Mt. Mazama before its fall. From this point several pre-collapse volcanic features can be . . . — Map (db m63119) HM
Oregon (Klamath County), Crater Lake — Glacial ValleysCrater Lake National Park
The collapsed volcano that now holds Crater Lake once stood more than a mile (1.6 km) above the present lake level. Called Mt. Mazama, this massive mountain of overlapping cones was high enough to support a cap of snow all year. During the Ice Age, . . . — Map (db m62081) HM
Oregon (Klamath County), Cresent — Pumice Desert
The pumice deposits you are now standing on are the product of Mt. Mazama, an explosive volcano that collapsed to form the Crater Lake caldera. Mazama stood about 6 miles (9.7 km) south of here (to your left). About 7,700 years ago Mt. Mazama . . . — Map (db m63116) HM
Oregon (Klamath County), Fort Klamath — Fort Klamath Military Cemetery Memorial
Fort Klamath These 58 soldiers and associates were buried in this cemetery, including 22 casualties of the Modoc War. In 1890, after the fort was abandoned, the remains were exhumed and laid to rest at the Presidio in San Francisco. Pvt. . . . — Map (db m91782) HM WM
Oregon (Klamath County), Keno — Applegate Trail
The first emigrant train over the "Southern Route," including more than fifty wagons under the leadership of Captain Levi Scott and David Goff, left the Oregon Trail at Fall Creek or Raft River, on the Snake River, August 10, 1846. The Klamath River . . . — Map (db m88002) HM
Oregon (Klamath County), Klamath Falls — Stephen Tyng Mather — July 4, 1867 - Jan. 22, 1930
He laid the foundation of the National Park Service, defining and establishing the policies under which its areas shall be developed and conserved unimpaired for future generations. There will never come an end to the good that he has done. — Map (db m79277) HM
Oregon (Klamath County), Worden — Applegate TrailKlamath County
Southern Route to Oregon In 1846, Jesse Applegate and fourteen others from near Dallas, Oregon, established a trail south from the Willamette Valley and east to Fort Hall. This route offered emigrants an alternative to the perilous . . . — Map (db m87946) HM
Oregon (Klamath County), Worden — Resolving the Oregon Question
Four years after the end of the War of 1812, Great Britain and the United States agreed their citizens could trade in Oregon country without prejudice to either nation's claim. Both countries strived for that extra influence which could blossom into . . . — Map (db m87953) HM
Oregon (Klamath County), Worden — The 42nd Parallel
Five panels, one each for Spain, Great Britain, Russia, the United States and Mexico, outline each country's claim to the Oregon territory. Spain Vasco Nunez de Balboa first saw the Pacific Ocean in Sept. 1513. Until . . . — Map (db m87958) HM
Oregon (Klamath County), Worden — Western International HistoryApplegate Trail
A party of 15 men, styled the South Road Expedition, as led by Capt. Levi Scott, Jesse Applegate, and David Goff, crossed the 42nd parallel on late July 4, 1846. It was blazing a road on which to lead Americans from harm, free of the impending war . . . — Map (db m87945) HM
Oregon (Lane County), Florence — Florence: Industrial Beginnings
Early industries in the Florence area were built on the natural resources that the Siuslaw River Valley had to offer. The rivers were filled with swarming salmon and the forests held acres of old growth timber. Those abundant natural resources . . . — Map (db m93894) HM
Oregon (Lane County), Florence — Navigating the Suislaw River
The connection to the Pacific Ocean by way of the Siuslaw River made Florence a natural hub for industry. The shifting river channel and mouth made early navigation unpredictable. The lack of stable conditions made establishing a thriving harbor . . . — Map (db m93912) HM
Oregon (Lane County), Florence — Siuslaw River Bridge: Construction & Design
Constructing Over the Siuslaw The Siuslaw River Bridge incorporates Art Deco, Moderne, Gothic, and Egyptian influence that were important to McCullough. Due to its ability to open at the center, the Siuslaw River Bridge best represents . . . — Map (db m93875) HM
Oregon (Lincoln County), Depoe Bay — Roy Bower and Jack Chambers Memorial
In Memoriam. From this harbor — in storm — departed Roy Bower and Jack Chambers fisherman of the Trolling Fleet October 4, A.D. 1936 on a mission of rescue. — Map (db m92640) HM
Oregon (Lincoln County), Newport — Devil's Punchbowl
Devil's Punchbowl is a hole in the sandstone terrace. It was formed by the collapse of the roof where two sea caves met, one from the north and the other from the west. Water enters the bowl at high tide, and during storms its churning and foaming . . . — Map (db m52157) HM
Oregon (Lincoln County), Otter Rock — Oregon’s Rocky ShoresDevil’s Punch Bowl/Otter Rock
Below you is the spectacular Devil’s Punch Bowl which was formed when the roof over two sea caves collapsed. You can watch the ocean waves crash through openings in the sandstone, continually sculpting this unusual formation. At high tide, the . . . — Map (db m92643) HM
Oregon (Malheur County), Juntura — Peter Skene OgdenOregon History
Peter Skene Ogden, leading a party of Hudson’s Bay Company trappers, camped near here on October 10, 1828. On this Ogden’s fifth and final expedition into the "Snake Country," he started on September 22, from Fort Nez Perce (Walla Walla). From here, . . . — Map (db m63024) HM
Oregon (Marion County), Salem — Salem
Founded in 1840 by Methodist missionaries, Became territorial capital in 1852, An incorporated city in 1857, Permanent capital of Oregon in 1864. W. D. Pugh designed this city hall. Under construction in 1893.Marion County Centennial . . . — Map (db m63966) HM
Oregon (Marion County), Turner — Turner
Platted March 8, 1871 by H. L. Turner with the building of the railroad to California. Site of Turner Flouring Mills. First rural free delivery in Oregon made from the Turner Post Office, October 16, 1897, under George F. Robertson, Postmaster. — Map (db m63938) HM
Oregon (Multnomah County), Cascade Locks — Beacon Rock
The prominent monolith across the river was named Beacon Rock by Lewis and Clark, November 2, 1805. It marked the beginning of tidewater for early river explorers who used it for a landmark in their journeys. The Indians say that when the Chinook . . . — Map (db m34643) HM
Oregon (Multnomah County), Corbett — Broughton’s Expedition
Captain George Vancouver in a voyage of exploration to the Northwest coast of America ordered by the British Admiralty Office assigned Lieutenant William Robert Broughton, Commander of H.M.S. Chatham, to explore the navigable waters of the Columbia . . . — Map (db m34495) HM
Oregon (Multnomah County), Corbett — Discover Wahkeena Falls
Stretching from rainforest to desert, and from sea level to mountains, the Columbia Gorge provides a wide range of habitat for plants and animals. The Wahkeena Creek watershed is only one example of a unique gorge ecosystem. Wahkeena Falls. . . . — Map (db m91210) HM
Oregon (Multnomah County), Corbett — Marshall N. Dana1885-1966 — Conservationist — Journalist — Civic Worker
A tireless leader in Columbia River development, park enhancement, preservation of scenic beauty, establishment of Vista House, re-creation of the Lewis and Clark Trail, and countless other good works, he left his mark on the Oregon Country, and we . . . — Map (db m91293) HM
Oregon (Multnomah County), Corbett — Samuel C. Lancaster1864 – 1941
Chief Engineer, Scenic Columbia River Highway, 1913–1915. Pioneer Builder of hard-surface roads. His genius overcame tremendous obstacles, extending and replacing the early trail through the Columbia River gorge with a highway of poetry . . . — Map (db m86445) HM
Oregon (Multnomah County), Corbett — Simon Benson1851 to 1942 — Lumberman and Philanthropist
Originator of ocean going log rafts. Sponsor of the Columbia River Highway. Benefactor of Benson Polytechnic School. Donor of the Benson Tract containing Multnomah Falls, Wahkeena Falls and Benson State Park. Patern and casting by Benson High . . . — Map (db m91212) HM
Oregon (Multnomah County), Corbett — Vista HouseJEWEL on the Crown
Classic symbol of the Columbia River Gorge, Vista House beckons travelers to Crown Point to revel in an extravaganza of water, cliff, and sky. Samuel C. Lancaster, design engineer of the Historic Columbia River Highway, envisioned this outcropping . . . — Map (db m86662) HM
Oregon (Multnomah County), Corbett — Welcome to Multnomah FallsOur Nation’s Second Highest Year-Round Waterfall — Columbia River Gorge National Scenic Area
Visited by over two million people a year, Multnomah Falls is the second-highest year-round waterfall in the United States and one of 77 on the Oregon side of the Columbia River Gorge. Multnomah Creek, created by underground springs from Larch . . . — Map (db m91119) HM
Oregon (Multnomah County), Portland — Dekum Building
German immigrant Frank Dekum amassed a fortune during Portland’s explosive early history with his confectionery business. The massive Dekum Building, completed in 1892 at a cost exceeding $300,000, used exclusively Oregon materials in its . . . — Map (db m1155) HM
Oregon (Multnomah County), Portland — The Telegram Building, 1922
This property has been placed on the National Register of Historic Places by the Untied States Department of the Interior National Parks Service and is subject to the provisions of the Oregon Special Assessment Program ORS . . . — Map (db m56542) HM
Oregon (Multnomah County), Portland — The Willamette Stone
This short trail leads to the Willamette Stone, the surveyor's monument that is the point of origin for all public land surveys in Oregon and Washington. The landmark was established on June 4, 1851 by John B. Preston, Oregon's first Surveyor . . . — Map (db m38400) HM
Oregon (Multnomah County), Portland — Vanport
Within a year of the US entering World War II, more than 160,000 people moved to Portland — a city of only 360,000 — to work in Home Front industries. Industrialist Henry Kaiser's three shipyards employed the most workers. To house his . . . — Map (db m38410) HM
Oregon (Multnomah County), Troutdale — Sandy River Bridge
On October 30, 1792 off the point in the Columbia River where the Sandy empties its waters, the boat crew from the H.M.S. Chatham (Vancouver's Voyages) were the first white men to sight the snowclad peak which Lt. Wm. R. Broughton named Mt. Hood in . . . — Map (db m38388) HM
Oregon (Multnomah County), Willamette National Cemetery — Oregon Korean War Veterans Memorial
June 25, 1950      Korea      July 27, 1953 Dedicated to the memory of these men and women from Oregon so their sacrifice will never be forgotten Oh, could our fallen brothers               know the honor they helped bring to God, . . . — Map (db m11979) HM
Oregon (Multnomah County), Willamette National Cemetery — Willamette National Cemetery Carillon Bells
[Main/Bottom Marker]: These Carillon Bells in honor and loving memory of all Veterans were donated by the Oregon State Federation of Garden Clubs, Inc. [Top Marker]: June          [The Oregon Federation of . . . — Map (db m11973) HM
Oregon (Sherman County), Wasco — Deschutes River Crossing
The Oregon Trail crossed the hazardous Deschutes River at this point by floating the prairie schooners and swimming the livestock. An island at the river mouth was often utilized when the water was high and the ford dangerous. Pioneer women and . . . — Map (db m34575) HM
Oregon (Umatilla County), Pilot Rock — Battle MountainOregon History
The decisive engagement of the Bannock War was fought on the foothills of Battle Mountain, July 8, 1878. The war - a protest against white encroachment, and the last major uprising in the Pacific Northwest-was started by Bannock Indians, but Egan, a . . . — Map (db m96868) WM
Oregon (Wallowa County), Enterprise — Nez PerceOregon History
Wallowa Valley, summer homeland of the Joseph Band Nez Perce, was part of the expansive Nez Perce Reservation established by the treaty of 1855. Upon discovery of gold in the region, the U.S. eliminated the reservation in the Wallowas in 1863. The . . . — Map (db m71746) HM
Oregon (Wallowa County), Imnaha — A Monumental LandscapeHells Canyon National Recreation Area
Across Horse Creek from you is “Monument Ridge” named for its mysterious stone monuments that are visible with binoculars. It is not known exactly who made them or why. Perhaps they were built to mark grazing areas or piled up by a . . . — Map (db m71728) HM
Oregon (Wallowa County), Imnaha — Horse Creek OverlookElevation 5920 Feet
MONUMENT RIDGE, the table-like mountain on the horizon, derived its name from rock monuments–like the one here–built years ago by sheepherders to mark boundaries of their grazing lands. Two can be seen on the slopes of the far ridge. . . . — Map (db m71727) HM
Oregon (Wallowa County), Imnaha — The Bonneville Expedition
"When great obstacles present, and threaten to keep them back, their hearts swell, and they push forward" Washington Irving An exploration party crossed this divide between the Snake and the Imnaha in winter. Capt. B.L.E. Bonneville and three . . . — Map (db m92932) HM
Oregon (Wallowa County), Imnaha — The Imnaha Canyon ... shelter and sanctuaryHells Canyon National Recreation Area
We all need shelter: plants, animals and people. For countless ages many have found what they need here in the Imnaha. The canyon walls protect against harsh weather and the river provides its life-giving waters to the dry landscape. The Imnaha . . . — Map (db m71744) HM
Oregon (Wallowa County), Imnaha — The Nez Perce War of 1877
In May, 1877, Chief Joseph gathered his band of Nez Perce Indians from their winter villages along the Imnaha. Instead of heading for their customary summering country in the Wallowa Valley, they began their famous fighting retreat from General O.O. . . . — Map (db m71743) HM
Oregon (Wallowa County), Joseph — A Story Written in Stone
Plunging to a depth of a mile and a half and averaging 10 miles in width, Hells Canyon is the deepest gorge in North America. Its walls are an open book, revealing four significant chapters in the geologic history of the Pacific Northwest. . . . — Map (db m71729)
Oregon (Wallowa County), Joseph — Hells Canyon National Recreation Area
In 1975, Congress created the 652,488 - acre Hells Canyon National Recreation Area. It is managed by the USDA Forest Service under the Wallowa-Whitman National Forest. Hells Canyon National Recreation Area offers a variety of exceptional . . . — Map (db m71732)
Oregon (Wallowa County), Joseph — Land Of Fire And WaterThe Dynamic Terrain
The geologic story of Hells Canyon National Recreation Area is a tale of fire and water...of molten lava erupted from volcanoes and oozed through cracks in the earth...of rushing water, erosion and sedimentation...of building up and wearing . . . — Map (db m71730)
Oregon (Wallowa County), Joseph — Look Over Hells Canyon ...
Where many exciting adventures await you! Explore the rugged canyons, climb the spectacular mountains or ride the Snake River’s rapids in Hells Canyon National Recreation Area. In Oregon, forested draws and grassy benches plunge 7,000 feet . . . — Map (db m71731)
Oregon (Wasco County), The Dalles — Ancient Indian Fishing GroundsWyam Falls
Before a network of dams controlled the Columbia River it was a raging torrent. Here at Wyam Falls, known today as Celilo Falls, a vertical drop of more than 20 feet and sheer basalt bluffs on either shore forced the river into seething, boiling . . . — Map (db m34581) HM
Oregon (Wasco County), The Dalles — Loren R. Kaufman MemorialMedal of Honor
The President of the United States, in the name of Congress, has awarded the Medal of Honor Posthumously to Loren R. Kaufman Sergeant First Class, US Army Born: July 27, 1923 at The Dalles, Oregon * Entered Service: The Dalles, Oregon . . . — Map (db m63293) WM
Oregon (Washington County), Beaverton — The Medal of HonorCourage • Patriotism • Duty
Oregon Medal of Honor Recipients Allworth, Edward C. CPT, U.S. Army • Dahl, Larry G. SP4, U.S. Army • High, Frank C. PVT, U.S. Army • Holcomb, John Noble SGT, U.S. Army • Jackson, Arthur J. PFC U.S. Marine Corp • Kaufman, Loren R. SFC, U.S. . . . — Map (db m81197) WM
Oregon (Wheeler County), Mitchell — A Matter of Survival
Straining to scent a water source, searching for a tender leaf, sensing immediate danger – to live in this near-desert today, mule deer, coyotes, quail, and humans must possess special skills and abilities. Without them they cross the . . . — Map (db m71701)
Oregon (Wheeler County), Mitchell — Deciphering the Forest
Volcanic ash can be gentle and fine enough to preserve a leaf’s structure in great detail. Nearby 34 million-year-old “Bridge Creek Flora” fossils reveal many species of an ancient, hardwood forest. This forest had a blend of trees found . . . — Map (db m71700)
Oregon (Wheeler County), Mitchell — Fossils on the Frontier
Northern Paiute Indians and a few mountain men were the only residents of the John Day Country before 1860. Cavalry troops passed through the John Day River drainage looking for the best route from the Columbia River to Fort Boise. One company, . . . — Map (db m71675) HM
Oregon (Wheeler County), Mitchell — Look Below the Surface
Clues exposed at the surface help the nearby hills tell their story. Most were formed from abundant volcanic ash-falls and floods of lava over many millions of years. About five million years ago the land-building slowed and erosion cut down into . . . — Map (db m71673)
Oregon (Wheeler County), Mitchell — Painted Hills OverlookJohn Day Fossil Beds National Monument
Through this dry land in 1865 rode a pioneer minister and amateur scientist named Thomas Condon. It was the first of his many visits. Imagine his reaction when he discovered the imprints of countless fossilized leaves near these Painted Hills, . . . — Map (db m71698) HM
Oregon (Wheeler County), Mitchell — Pieces of the Puzzle
The ground before you is like a puzzle. A long streak of color breaks off, then seems to continue in the next hill, but at a different level. To connect the pieces, look for similar color, thickness, and sequence in a series of layers. Ash and . . . — Map (db m71699)
Oregon (Yamhill County), McMinnville — Glacial ErraticsOregon Geology
The 90-ton glacial erratic rock at the top of this 1/4-mile-long trail is a stranger from a distant location—it was transported here thousands of years ago on an iceberg in the wake of a cataclysmic flood. During the last Ice Age, . . . — Map (db m68913)
Oregon (Yamhill County), Newberg — Hoover - Minthorn House
(Upper Marker:) This was the home of Dr. Henry John Minthorn a beloved physician of this community. Herbert Hoover lived here with him from 1884 to 1889. (Lower Marker:) Hoover - Minthorn House Listed on the . . . — Map (db m96136) HM

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