“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”

Quebec Historical Markers

Robert Cavelier de la Salle Monument image, Click for more information
By Beverly Pfingsten, August 12, 2014
Robert Cavelier de la Salle Monument
Quebec, Lachine — Robert Cavelier de la Salle(1643 - 1687)
French Fonda Lachine, 1667 Rebatit le Fort Frontenac, 1675. Pionnier de la navigation sur les Grands Lacs. Ses explorations permirent à la France d'étendre son domaine jusqu'à l'embouchure du Mississippi

English Founded Lachine, . . . — Map (db m77759) HM

Quebec (Acton MRC), Acton Vale — Acton Vale Station
The design of this building is based on a standard plan used by the Grand Trunk Railway Company to build several stations between 1895 and 1905 on the line connecting Montreal to Portland, Maine. This plan features a variety of structural shapes, . . . — Map (db m74535) HM
Quebec (Argenteuil MRC), Saint-André-d'Argenteuil — Carillon Canal
French text appears above English text. Designed and constructed by the Royal Engineers. Commenced in 1826, completed in 1833, enlarged from 1871 to 1882. One of the canals which, by way of the St. Lawrence and the Ottawa, Rideau, and . . . — Map (db m75655) HM
Quebec (Bellechasse MRC), Sainte-Claire — Sainte-Claire (Dorchester)
The parish of Sainte-Claire is in the seigniory granted to Louis Jolliet, the discoverer of the Mississipi, by Frontenac, as Governor, and Bochart Champigny, as Intendant, on the 30th of April, 1697. French translation is to the left of the . . . — Map (db m74883) HM
Quebec (Brome-Missisquoi MRC), Dunham — First Women's Institute
To commemorate the founding at Dunham, January 27th, 1911, of the first women's institute in the province of Quebec. French text Pour commémorer la foundation à Dunham le 27 janvier 1911, du premier "Women's Institute" dans la province de . . . — Map (db m75159) HM
Quebec (Brome-Missisquoi MRC), Frelighsburg — Battle of Eccles Hill
The Canadian volunteers and home guards here repulsed the Fenian invaders on the 25th May 1870. — Map (db m74541) HM
Quebec (Brome-Missisquoi MRC), Knowlton — The Old Academy
French text La "Old Academy", bâtie en 1854 (St. Paul's Church High School), agrandie en 1867, et cede à la Société d'Histoire de Brome comme musée, pour honorer la mémoire de Paul-H. Knowlton, qui avait donné le terrain et le premier corps de . . . — Map (db m75161) HM
Quebec (Brome-Missisquoi MRC), Knowlton — Tibbits Hill School
Old south schoolhouse Tibbits Hill built 1844-1846 on site of squared log one erected 1827. Set up as a school museum with aid of Association of Protestant Teachers in their centennial year 1964. — Map (db m74542) HM
Quebec (Brome-Missisquoi MRC), Saint-Ignace-de-Stanbridge (Mystic) — Grange Alexander-Solomon-Walbridge
Construite en 1882 par l'entrepreneur Alexander Solomon Walbridge, cette grange-étable est formée de douze murs pignons disposés autour d'un espace central. Le bâtiment comporte deux niveaux: un premier qui servait d'étable et un second, divisé en . . . — Map (db m77846) HM
Quebec (Brome-Missisquoi MRC), Stanbridge East — In honour of Capt. Caleb Tree
In honour of Capt. Caleb Tree who came to Canada in 1796 from New- Hampshire, settled on this farm and along with other pioneers founded Stanbridge East in 1801. En l'honneur des pionniers de Stanbridge Est. Erected in 1966 — Map (db m74536) HM
Quebec (Capitale-Nationale (region)), Québec — A Golf Club on the Plains of AbrahamUn club de golf sur les plaines d’Abraham — (1874-1915)
English: When the British troops went back to England in 1871, they left free their drill field, then known as “Cove Fields”. The rising popularity of golf in the province of Quebec prompted fans of the game to establish the . . . — Map (db m80879) HM
Quebec (Capitale-Nationale (region)), Québec — Albert H.G. Grey
English: In memory of Albert H.G. Grey B. 1851 - D. 1917 4th Earl Grey and Governor General of Canada 1904 to 1911, who played a decisive part in the decision to make the Plains of Abraham into a national park . . . — Map (db m81230) HM
Quebec (Capitale-Nationale (region)), Québec — Artillery Park: The Barracks SectorParc de l’Artillerie: Le secteur de casernement
English: Artillery Park opens its doors to you! Closed to civilians for 250 years, it served as a barrack for French and English troops before welcoming Canada’s first-ever munitions factory. Come and experience the atmosphere of this . . . — Map (db m81400) HM
Quebec (Capitale-Nationale (region)), Québec — Augustin-Norbert Morin1803-1865
French: Au cours des années 1850 vécut ici Augustin-Norbert Morin, né le 13 octobre 1803 à Saint-Michel-de-Bellechasse. Avocat, journaliste et homme politique, il fut tour à tour fondateur du journal La Minerve en 1826, orateur à . . . — Map (db m80761) HM
Quebec (Capitale-Nationale (region)), Québec — Bragg’s 28th Foot,Le 28ᵉ Regiment de Bragg,
English: Bragg’s 28th Foot, under Colonel Hume Walsh, stood next-left to the “Louisbourg Grenadiers” in this first of all the two-deep “thin red lines” the world had ever seen. 13th September 1759. . . . — Map (db m80919) HM
Quebec (Capitale-Nationale (region)), Québec — Calixa Lavallée(1842-1891)
English: Calixa Lavallée was one of the first Canadian musicians to win an international reputation. He studied in Montréal and Paris and was, at various times, an itinerant musician, military bandsman, choral and orchestra conductor, . . . — Map (db m81345) HM
Quebec (Capitale-Nationale (region)), Québec — Charles Aubert de la Chesnaye(1632-1702)
English: The man who became New France's leading businessman arrived at Québec in 1655. Driven by a desire for place and profit he began in the import trade, but his interests expanded to include all aspects of the colony's economic life: . . . — Map (db m81498) HM
Quebec (Capitale-Nationale (region)), Québec — Chemin Royal
English: On the 5th August, 1734, Lanouillier de Boiscler, Chief Roadmaster of New France, started from Quebec by coach for Montreal thus officially inaugurating the King's Highway in Canada. French: Le 5 août 1734, . . . — Map (db m80777) HM
Quebec (Capitale-Nationale (region)), Québec — Chief Warrant Officier Jean Couture, OMN, CDAdjudant Chef Jean Couture, OMN, CD — First Regimental Sergeant Major (RSM) of the Royal 22ᵉ Régiment
English: This statue of Chief Warrant Officier Jean-Couture, the first senior non-commissioned officier having been Regimental Sergeant Major in 1958, reflects the tradition of excellence, pride and professionalism of non-commissioned . . . — Map (db m80839) HM
Quebec (Capitale-Nationale (region)), Québec — Convent of the Nuns of the Congregation
English: On this site stood the convent of the Nuns of the Congregation, established by Sister Bourgeoys, in 1692, and occupied by the said religious community up to 1843, when it removed to St.-Roch. French: Sur cet emplacement . . . — Map (db m81526) HM
Quebec (Capitale-Nationale (region)), Québec — Diamond Jubilee of Confederation
English: Tablet placed by the Committee of the local celebration of the Diamond Jubilee of Confederation to mark the spot where the pact was signed, on October 10th, 1864. French: Inscription placée par le Comité local de la . . . — Map (db m80790) HM
Quebec (Capitale-Nationale (region)), Québec — Do You Know Joan of Arc?Connaissez-vous Jeanne d’Arc?
English: Who has not heard of this young girl who left her village at the age of 17, guided by mysterious voices? Her mission was nothing less that to drive the English out of France and bring about the coronation of Charles VII, Two years . . . — Map (db m80877) HM
Quebec (Capitale-Nationale (region)), Québec — Felix-Gabreil Marchand11ᵉ Premier Ministre du Quebec de 1897 a 1900
French: Ici vécut et mourut Félix-Gabriel Marchand, premier ministre du Québec, notaire, homme de lettres et journaliste. Il fut député du comté de Saint-Jean dès 1867. Il devint ministre dans le cabinet liberal de Joly de Lotbinière, . . . — Map (db m81334) HM
Quebec (Capitale-Nationale (region)), Québec — First Graveyard of QuebecLe premier cimetière de Québec
English: Within this enclosure was located the first graveyard of Quebec, where interments were made from the early days of the colony up to 1687. "This plaque, commemorating the burial here of Indians and French settlers, has been . . . — Map (db m80791) HM
Quebec (Capitale-Nationale (region)), Québec — First Patent in CanadaPremier brevet d’invention
The first patent of invention was issued by the Province of Lower Canada in the Parliament Buildings which stood on this site. It was granted on the 8th June, 1824, for a washing and fulling machine in favour of Noah Cushing of Quebec . . . — Map (db m80789) HM
Quebec (Capitale-Nationale (region)), Québec — Fortifications de / of QuébecGaspard-J. Chaussegros de Léry — National Historic Civil Engineering Site
Fortifications de / of Québec English: Quebec city’s defensive system is a remarkable feat of engineering. But during the colonial period, it represents the work of a succession of engineers. French: Le système défensif . . . — Map (db m80845) HM
Quebec (Capitale-Nationale (region)), Québec — Frederick G. Todd
English: In memory of Frederick G. Todd B. 1876 - D. 1948 Landscape architect planner and designer of Battlefields Park, who brought to life the historic significance and natural beauty of the site. . . . — Map (db m80916) HM
Quebec (Capitale-Nationale (region)), Québec — Frontenac
English: Faced Phips unflinchingly, but the scale of victory could not be turned decisively until the famous reinforcements of Carignan’s and French-Canadians marched in triumphantly along the Grande-Allée. 1690 French: . . . — Map (db m80841) HM
Quebec (Capitale-Nationale (region)), Québec — General Montgomery’s Army
The subject of these two markers is the burial of General Richard Montgomery and a number of soldiers from his army. The remains of the thirteen soldiers of General Montgomery’s Army killed in the assault of Quebec . . . — Map (db m80800) HM
Quebec (Capitale-Nationale (region)), Québec — General Richard Montgomery
To the memory of General Richard Montgomery who fell at Pres de Ville, at the foot of Cape Diamond during the December 31, 1775 attack. The next day, his body was brought to the house of Jean Gaubert which stood on this spot, and encoffined prior . . . — Map (db m80803) HM
Quebec (Capitale-Nationale (region)), Québec — Georges-Philias Vanier(1888-1967)
English: Governor General from 1959 to 1967, Vanier had a distinguished military and diplomatic career. A founder of the Royal 22e Régiment, he served with it in the First World War and was its commanding officer from 1925 to 1928. General . . . — Map (db m80840) HM
Quebec (Capitale-Nationale (region)), Québec — Guillaume Verrier1680-1758
English: Born in France, Verrier was Attorney General of New France and member of the Council of Quebec for thirty years from 1728 until his death. From 1735 onwards, many who were te become successful men of law benefitted from the courses . . . — Map (db m81347) HM
Quebec (Capitale-Nationale (region)), Québec — Guy Carleton
English: Here stood her old and new defenders uniting guarding saving Canada defeating Arnold at the Sault-au-Matelot barricade on the last day of 1775 Guy Carleton commanding at Quebec . . . — Map (db m81499) HM
Quebec (Capitale-Nationale (region)), Québec — Here, on the very eve of victoryAu moment où la victoire lui était assurée
English: Here, on the very eve of victory, Wolfe received his mortal wound, and at once was carried back to where he died victorious. 13th September 1759. French: Au moment où la victoire lui était . . . — Map (db m80918) HM
Quebec (Capitale-Nationale (region)), Québec — Home of the Quebec Chronicle-TelegraphUn palais de la presse à Québec
English: Designed in 1907 by Georges-Émile Tanguay, the architect of City Hall, this edifice was considered strikingly modern in its day. It features an imposing corner entrance and a dome turret that evokes the bell tower of the . . . — Map (db m80785) HM
Quebec (Capitale-Nationale (region)), Québec — Hôtel Chevalier
French: En 1752, le négociant Jean-Baptiste Chevalier fit construire ce hôtel particulier qui lui servit de domicile, de maison d’affaires et d’entrepôt. L’hôtel fut converti en auberge, vers la fin du XVIIIᵉ siècle, sous le . . . — Map (db m81539) HM
Quebec (Capitale-Nationale (region)), Québec — Hôtel-Dieu de QuébecL’Hôtel-Dieu de Québec
English: Founded on 16 August 1637 by the Duchess of Aiguillon and the religious order of the Augustines Hospitalières of Dieppe, the Hôtel-Dieu de Québec was the first permanent hospital established north of Mexico. As soon as they . . . — Map (db m80783) HM
Quebec (Capitale-Nationale (region)), Québec — In Memory of Our Fallen SoldiersLa mémoire des combattants
English: Unveiled on July 1, 1924, the Cross of Sacrifice originally honoured the memory of the Canadian soldiers killed during the Great War of 1914-1918. Over 66,000 lost their lives in the conflict. A handful of earth from Vimy, the . . . — Map (db m80846) HM WM
Quebec (Capitale-Nationale (region)), Québec — Irish Roots in Old QuébecThe Irish Settle and Flourish — La présence irlandaise dans le Vieux-Québec / Les Irlandais s'installent et laissent leur marque
This marker has text on both sides of the panel. Side A Irish Roots in Old Québec / La présence irlandaise dans le Vieux-Québec English: The Story in Brief History notes that the first . . . — Map (db m87056) HM
Quebec (Capitale-Nationale (region)), Québec — Jonathan Sewell
English: Thirty years Chief Justice of Lower Canada, Adviser to Governor Craig, Leader of the “Chateau Clique”, Early advocate of Confederation, Man of culture and patron of the arts. Born Cambridge, Mass 6th June, 1766 . . . — Map (db m80818) HM
Quebec (Capitale-Nationale (region)), Québec — Joseph Bouchette1774-1841
English: Born at Quebec, Bouchette rose rapidly in the ranks of the Public Service to become, in 1804, Surveyor General of the Province. In carrying out the responsibilities of this office, he travelled throughout Upper and Lower Canada. In . . . — Map (db m81318) HM
Quebec (Capitale-Nationale (region)), Québec — Kent HouseMaison du Duc de Kent
English: D’Ailleboust, Governor of New France, occupied this house in 1648. De Ramezay here signed the capitulation of Quebec in 1759. The Duke of Kent, father of Queen Victoria, resided here from 1792 to 1794. French: . . . — Map (db m81260) HM
Quebec (Capitale-Nationale (region)), Québec — La Batterie Royale
French: Sous le règne de Louis VIV, en l’année 1691, Frontenac, gouverneur général de la Nouvelle-France fait construire en ce lieu appelé Pointe-aux-Roches un plate-forme qui doit recevoir une batterie de canons nécessaire à la défense de . . . — Map (db m81531) HM
Quebec (Capitale-Nationale (region)), Québec — Le premier monastère d’Ursulines
French: Le 1er août 1639, Marie de l’Incarnation, Ursuline de Tours en France, et ses deux compagnes fondent à cet emplacement le premier monastère d’Ursulines en Nouvelle-France. Dans une maison concédée par la compagnie des . . . — Map (db m81536) HM
Quebec (Capitale-Nationale (region)), Québec — Le Vielle Prison de Québec(The Old Quebec Prison) — (Morrin College)
English: This is the first prison in Canada to reflect the principles of John Howard, a British reformer who believed that cellular confinement, work, and education could rehabilitate criminals. Designed by local architect François . . . — Map (db m80776) HM
Quebec (Capitale-Nationale (region)), Québec — Legislature of the Province of CanadaLe Parlement de la Province du Canada
English: Between 1850 and 1866, the Capital of the Province of Canada alternated between Toronto and Québec. In 1852, Parliament met in the Legislative Chambers of Lower Canada on the site of the old Bishop’s Palace, now Montmorency Park. . . . — Map (db m80787) HM
Quebec (Capitale-Nationale (region)), Québec — Les Conferences de Québec de 1943 et 1944The Québec Conferences of 1943 and 1944
French: En 1943 et 1944 le president des États-Unis Franklin Delano Roosevelt et le premier ministre de Grande Bretagne Winston Spencer Churchill dirigèrent à Quebec les deux conferences qui déterminèrent lisse de la deuxième Guerre . . . — Map (db m80758) HM
Quebec (Capitale-Nationale (region)), Québec — Les filles du roy(‘Daughters of the King’)
French: Entre 1663 et 1973, plus de 770 filles du roy, venues de France, débarquèrent à Québec. Marguerite Bourgeoys, fondatrice de la Congrégation de Notre-Dame, désigne sous ce nom les jeune filles, bénéficiaires d’une dot royale, . . . — Map (db m81532) HM
Quebec (Capitale-Nationale (region)), Québec — Les Premiers Colons de Québec(The first colonists of Québec)
Ils ont été à la peine; qu’ils soient à l’honneur: English translation: They lived in hardship, and are now in the place of honor: Louis Hébert 1617 Marie Rollet • Guillaume Couillard 1618 Marie-Guillemette Hébert • Abraham Marin . . . — Map (db m81495) HM
Quebec (Capitale-Nationale (region)), Québec — Louis Jolliet1645-1700
English: Native of Quebec. With Marquette he discovered and explored the Mississippi, 1673. French: Natif de Québec. Avec Marquette il découvrit et explora le Mississippi, 1673. — Map (db m80798) HM
Quebec (Capitale-Nationale (region)), Québec — Louis Jolliet HouseMaison Louis Jolliet
English: This house was built in 1683 by architect Baillif for Louis Jolliet, discoverer of the Mississippi, who occupied it until his death in 1700. A subterranean passage led to the cul-de-sac cove. French: Construite en . . . — Map (db m80786) HM
Quebec (Capitale-Nationale (region)), Québec — Louis-Joseph de Montcalm1712-1759
French: À la suite de blessures reçues lors de la bataille des plaines d’Abraham, Louis-Joseph de Montcalm, marquis de Montcalm, lieutenant général des armées française en Nouvelle-France, décède à l’aube du 14 septembre 1759 dans la maison . . . — Map (db m81261) HM
Quebec (Capitale-Nationale (region)), Québec — Maison Baillargeon
French: Habitée par trois générations d’une même famille, cette maison a été construite en 1860 selon les plans de l’architecte Charles Baillairgé pour le docteur Pierre Baillargeon (1812-1891), médecin, dentiste et sénateur. Il était . . . — Map (db m81333) HM
Quebec (Capitale-Nationale (region)), Québec — Maison François-Xavier Garneau
English: In this house, François-Xavier Garneau, the historian of Canada, lived for several years and here he died on the 3rd of February, 1866. French: En cette maison résida plusieurs années, et mourut le 3 février 1866, . . . — Map (db m81346) HM
Quebec (Capitale-Nationale (region)), Québec — Maison Jean-Demers
French: Jean Demers ou Dumets, de Dieppe, entreprit la construction de cette maison en 1689. Les maçons Le Rouge, Reonault et Charpentier y travaillèrent. Elle a été habitée par la famille Demers jusqu’en 1764. Le carré de la maison a . . . — Map (db m80801) HM
Quebec (Capitale-Nationale (region)), Québec — Martello Towers / Tours MartelloMartello Tower 2 / Tour Martello 2
English: In the early 19th century, the British feared that the Americans, after gaining their independence (1776), would attempt to annex Upper and Lower Canada. In response to this threat, Gother Mann, as commanding officier of the Royal . . . — Map (db m80880) HM
Quebec (Capitale-Nationale (region)), Québec — Martello Towers in Quebec / Tours Martello de QuébecMartello Tower 1 / Tour Martello 1
English: In the early 19th century, the British were afraid that the Americans, having won their independence in 1776, would try to annex Upper and Lower Canada. In the face of this threat, Gother Mann, Canada’s chief engineer (1785-1804), . . . — Map (db m80886) HM
Quebec (Capitale-Nationale (region)), Québec — Michel Boisvert, SJFondateur de la Maison Dauphine
French: En 1992, le jésuite Michel Boisvert (1944-2006) fonde ici la Maison Dauphine, qui offre un accueil inconditionnel aux jeunes de la rue en leur assurant protection, aide et soutien. C’est pendant qu’il exerce son ministère au . . . — Map (db m81335) HM
Quebec (Capitale-Nationale (region)), Québec — Monseigneur Joseph-Clovis K.-Laflamme1849-1910
Homme de science et homme de foi, monseigneur Laflamme est considéré comme le premier géologue canadien-français. Né à Saint-Anselme de Dorchester, le 19 septembre 1849, il fut ordonné prêtre en 1872 et reçut un doctorat en théologie en 1873. De . . . — Map (db m81493) HM
Quebec (Capitale-Nationale (region)), Québec — Montcalm
English: defeated here received his mortal wound 13th September 1759 French: vaincu blessé à mort ici le 13 septembre 1759 — Map (db m80888) HM
Quebec (Capitale-Nationale (region)), Québec — National Eucharistic Congress
English: The first National Eucharistic Congress was duly solemnised on the these historic plains in June, 1938, when the descendants of ancestral foes met as fraternal friends. French: Sur ces plaines historiques se . . . — Map (db m81232) HM
Quebec (Capitale-Nationale (region)), Québec — Naval Brigades Review
English: Unique in universal history, the French, American and British naval brigades at the tercentenary review in 1908 marched together as friends across the very ground for which their predecessors fought. French: Fait . . . — Map (db m81231) HM
Quebec (Capitale-Nationale (region)), Québec — Notre-Dame-des-Victoires
French: Notre-Dame-des-Victoires construite en 1688 nommée ainsi à la suite du siège de Phipps et du désastre de la flotte de Walker elle est la plus ancienne église de pierre du Québec English . . . — Map (db m81529) HM
Quebec (Capitale-Nationale (region)), Québec — O Canada!
English: This glorious national anthem, verse by Sir Adolphe Routhier, music by Calixa Lavallée, was sung at the First Congrès Catholique des Canadiens-Français, on the Fête de Saint-Jean-Baptiste, 24th June, 1880. French: . . . — Map (db m80849) HM
Quebec (Capitale-Nationale (region)), Québec — Pavillon Charles-Baillairgé
English: This building was constructed between 1861 and 1871 according to plans by architect Charles Baillairgé (1826-1906), whose name it now bears. Until 1970, it served as Quebec City’s prison. The building’s outstanding restoration was . . . — Map (db m81229) HM
Quebec (Capitale-Nationale (region)), Québec — Pierre Dugua de Monsv. 1560 - 1628
French: Nomme lieutenant général de la Nouvelle France en 1603, le sieur de Mons est chargé par Henri IV de fonder une colonie permanente en Amérique du Nord en échange du privilège exclusif de la traite des fourrures. Après deux . . . — Map (db m81528) HM
Quebec (Capitale-Nationale (region)), Québec — Premier Hôpital au CanadaFist Hospital in Canada
English: The Hotel-Dieu of Quebec, founded on the 16th August, 1637 by the Duchesse d’Aiguillon and the Augustines Hospitalieres de Dieppe, is the first hospital established in America, north of Mexico. Here, ever since their arrival in . . . — Map (db m80782) HM
Quebec (Capitale-Nationale (region)), Québec — Premier Hôtel de Ville
French: C’est ici que se trouve, entre 1840 et 1896, le premier hôtel de ville permanent de la ville de Québec. Le conseil municipal y siège, sauf de 1848 à 1851, période durant laquelle il tient se réunions dans l’immeuble du . . . — Map (db m81320) HM
Quebec (Capitale-Nationale (region)), Québec — Protecting the Upper TownProtéger la haute-ville
English: The promontory on which Québec is perched offered a natural defense against attackers. But its west flank, which gave way to open countryside, was vulnerable. Enormous sums of money would be spent to protect this side of the town. . . . — Map (db m81436) HM
Quebec (Capitale-Nationale (region)), Québec — Quebec Boer War Memorial
Not by the power of commerce, art or pen, shall our great empire stand; nor has it stood; but by the noble deeds of noble men, heroic lives, and heroes’ outpoured blood. For Empire Canada Quebec Major J.H.C. Ogilvy, D.S.O., R.C.A., . . . — Map (db m80759) WM
Quebec (Capitale-Nationale (region)), Québec — Quebec City Astronomical ObservatoryObservatoire Astronomique de Québec
English: The Quebec City Astronomical Observatory was officially established at the Citadel in 1850 by the Department of Marine and Fisheries in order to give the exact time to sailors on the many ships anchored at the port. In 1864, an . . . — Map (db m80920) HM
Quebec (Capitale-Nationale (region)), Québec — Québec Court HouseLe palais de justice de Quebec
English: This building, designed by Eugène-Étienne Taché and other provincial Department of Public Works architects, was largely constructed between 1883 and 1887 on the site of the city's first court house. Its mansard roof, classical . . . — Map (db m81255) HM
Quebec (Capitale-Nationale (region)), Québec — Québec Martello TowersLes tours Martello de Québec
English: Four Martello towers (three of which remains) were an integral part of the defences of Québec, the key to the control of the continental interior of North America. Works had been proposed in the Plains of Abraham since the early . . . — Map (db m80891) HM
Quebec (Capitale-Nationale (region)), Québec — Seneschal’s Court
English: This ground, which formerly extended to the east, was occupied by the Seneschal’s Court about the year 1650, became, in 1681, the property of the Recollets, who erected on it a church and monastery which were destroyed by fire in . . . — Map (db m81257) HM
Quebec (Capitale-Nationale (region)), Québec — Site historique et archéologique de l’Habitation-Samuel-De Champlain
French: C’est sur cet emplacement stratégique, fréquenté par les Amérindiens depuis environ 3000 ans, que Samuel de Champlain fonde le comptoir de Québec, le 3 juillet 1608. Il y fait ériger une habitation en bois qui est reconstruite en . . . — Map (db m81527) HM
Quebec (Capitale-Nationale (region)), Québec — Stone Wind MillMoulin à vent en pierre
English: On this height, called Mont Carmel, there stood in 1690 a stone wind-mill whereon was mounted a battery of three guns, and which served for a redoubt during the siege of Quebec by Phips. It was called “Le Cavalier du . . . — Map (db m81325) HM
Quebec (Capitale-Nationale (region)), Québec — The “Louisbourg Grenadiers”Les grenadiers de Louisbourg
English: (Grenadiers of Battalions left at Louisbourg) formed the right of the actual front, which, itself, formed the first two-deep “thin red line” the world had ever seen 13th September 1759. French: . . . — Map (db m81246) HM
Quebec (Capitale-Nationale (region)), Québec — The / Le Royal Roussillon,
English: commanded by Colonel Poulariez, formed the left of the actuel French Front, was first in the gallant attack, and the last in retreat before a devastating fire. 13th September 1759. French: sous le Colonel . . . — Map (db m80917) HM
Quebec (Capitale-Nationale (region)), Québec — The Artillery ParkLe park de l’Artillerie
English: The Artillery Park National Site of Canada commemorates 250 years of military activity in the heart of Québec’s fortifications. You can visit these buildings. Ⓐ The Arsenal Foundry, where you can examine a model of the . . . — Map (db m81396) HM
Quebec (Capitale-Nationale (region)), Québec — The Congregation of the Church of Scotland
English: The Congregation of the Church of Scotland, which had Worshipped in Quebec since 1759, Pettitioned (sic) his Majesty King George III, in 1892, for the land on which this Church stands. It was erected and dedicated in 1810. . . . — Map (db m81332) HM
Quebec (Capitale-Nationale (region)), Québec — The Grande Allée Drill HallLe manège de la Grande Allée
English: The Grande-Allée Drill Hall is an impressive example of a drill hall that retains its original parade square. Designed by Eugène-Étienne Taché, a Quebec public servant and architect, the stone building was completed in 1887, with . . . — Map (db m80754) HM
Quebec (Capitale-Nationale (region)), Québec — The Jacquet HouseLa Maison Jacquet
English: One of the oldest houses in Quebec, built by François Jacquet in 1675-76. Prominent citizen of Quebec City lived here, of whom Philippe Aubert de Gaspé, author of “Les Anciens Canadiens”, from 1815 to 1824. . . . — Map (db m80802) HM
Quebec (Capitale-Nationale (region)), Québec — The Literary and Historical Society of Quebec
English: Founded on the initiative of Lord Dalhousie in 1824 to preserve the documentary record of Canadian history, this was the first Canadian learned society. For 120 years, the Society made important contributions to higher learning as . . . — Map (db m80775) HM
Quebec (Capitale-Nationale (region)), Québec — The Maillou HouseLa Maison Malliou
English: Built as a one-storey house about 1736 by Jean Maillou, architect, it was raised before 1775 to its present height by Antoine Duchesnay, Executive Councillor and extended in 1799 by John Hale, Deputy Paymaster General of the . . . — Map (db m80799) HM
Quebec (Capitale-Nationale (region)), Québec — The Québec BridgeLe pont Québec
English: This is the longest span cantilever bridge in the world, stretching 548.6 meters between the main piers. Completed in 1917, it is a remarkable engineering achievement. To overcome technical problems that had caused the collapse of . . . — Map (db m81248) HM
Quebec (Capitale-Nationale (region)), Québec — The Québec CitadelLa Citadelle de Québec
English: In 1820 Lieutenant-Colonel Elias Walker Durnford of the Royal Engineers took charge of the construction of the Québec Citadel, which completed the city's defensive works begun during the French régime. Set on the heights of . . . — Map (db m80822) HM
Quebec (Capitale-Nationale (region)), Québec — The Quebec ConferencesConferences de Quebec — 1943 and/ et 1944
English: During the Second World War, on the invitation of the Prime Minister of Canada, W.L. Mackenzie King, the President of the United States, Franklin D. Roosevelt, and the Prime Minister of the United Kingdom, Winston S. Churchill, . . . — Map (db m80821) HM
Quebec (Capitale-Nationale (region)), Québec — The Québec Garrison ClubLe cercle de la garnison de Québec
English: The Québec Garrison Club embodies the British tradition of private clubs in which the military and civil elites gather. Founded in 1879 by Canadian militia officers, the Club has hosted countless social and recreational events . . . — Map (db m81233) HM
Quebec (Capitale-Nationale (region)), Québec — The Siege of Québec, 1775 - 1776Le siège de Québec, 1775 - 1776
English: Here, at the Sault-au-Matelot barricade, Canadian militia and British forces under the general command of Governor Carleton repelled the attack of the American "Congressionists" on December 31, 1775. At Près-de-Ville, near the foot . . . — Map (db m81505) HM
Quebec (Capitale-Nationale (region)), Québec — The Têtu HouseLa maison Têtu
English: In 1852 Cirice Têtu, a merchant, asked Charles Baillairgé, one of the finest architects in Québec, to draw up the plans for his home and to oversee its construction. The Têtu house is one of the most remarkable examples of the . . . — Map (db m81324) HM
Quebec (Capitale-Nationale (region)), Québec — The VII Royal Fusiliers1685
This tablet is erected by permission of his Majesty King George V, Colonel-in-Chief of the Royal Fusiliers, by that regiment, their sister regiment, the Canadian Fusiliers and their friends to the memory of the officiers and men of the 7th Royal . . . — Map (db m81540) HM
Quebec (Capitale-Nationale (region)), Québec — Theatre de l’Estoc(1959-1968)
French: C’est ici, derrière ce mur, qu’a évolué le Théâtre de l’Estoc, chef de file de l’activité théâtrale québécoise dans les années 1960. Fondée en 1957 par trois jeunes passionnés, Pierre Fontaine, Andre Ricard et Jean-Louis Tremblay, la . . . — Map (db m81259) HM
Quebec (Capitale-Nationale (region)), Québec — Ulric-Joseph Tessier1817-1892
French: Conseiller municipal du quartier Saint-Jean à partir de 1846, Ulric-Joseph Tessier est maire de Québec en 1853 et le sera durant un an. Il poursuivre les grands travaux entrepris par ses prédécesseurs: la construction de l’aqueduc, . . . — Map (db m81319) HM
Quebec (Capitale-Nationale (region)), Québec — Urselines de Quebec1658
English: This site was ceded to the “Urselines de Quebec” on October 25, 1658 by Governor Dargenson on behalf of the Compagnie de la Nouvelle France “anciennes voutes” French: Cet emplacement a . . . — Map (db m81497) HM
Quebec (Capitale-Nationale (region)), Québec — Wolfe and Montcalm Monument
Quebec (Capitale-Nationale (region)), Québec — Wolfe Monument
Four panels are place on this monument to General James Wolfe. English: Here died Wolfe September 13th 1759 This monument was erected by the British Army in Canada A.D. 1849 by his Excellency Lt. Gen. Sir . . . — Map (db m80753) HM WM
Quebec (Chaudière-Appalaches (region)), Berthier-sur-Mer — Cholera arrives in the AmericasLe choléra arrive en Amérique — 1832
English: To prevent the disease from spreading to the general population, a military detachment hurriedly set up quarantine facilities on Grosse Île. Temporary wooden buildings were constructed: initially a 40 patient hospital with two . . . — Map (db m80683) HM
Quebec (Chaudière-Appalaches (region)), Berthier-sur-Mer — Doukhobor ImmigrantsDes immigrants doukhobors — 1899
English: On June 6, 1899, some 2,275 Doukhobor immigrants were forced to disembark at Grosse Île. Several cases of smallpox had been observed aboard the Lake Huron since its departure 23 days previously, thus compelling the complete . . . — Map (db m80682) HM
Quebec (Chaudière-Appalaches (region)), Berthier-sur-Mer — Grosse Île and Immigration to CanadaGrosse-Île et l’immigration au Canada
English: Grosse Île and the Irish Memorial National Historic Site commemorates the significant waves of immigration welcomed to Canada between the opening of the 19th century and the First World War. During this period Québec was Canada's . . . — Map (db m80672) HM
Quebec (Chaudière-Appalaches (region)), Berthier-sur-Mer — Hameau Dunière-Dénéchaud
Seigneurial manor site where the second seigneur, Aleandre (Isaac) Berthier, lived as well as the Rigauville, Dunière-Dénéchaud families. Today this site is called Hameau Dunière-Dénéchaud in honor of the last two seigneur of the Seigneurie of . . . — Map (db m80671) HM
Quebec (Chaudière-Appalaches (region)), Berthier-sur-Mer — The Celtic CrossLa croix celtique — 1909
English: Raised in 1909 by members of the Ancient Order of Hibernians, this monument honours the memory of the thousands of Irish immigrants who died on Grosse Île in 1847. Inscriptions in Irish, French and English recall their tragic . . . — Map (db m80684) HM
Quebec (Chaudière-Appalaches (region)), Berthier-sur-Mer — Veterinarians Mark the History of Animal Health in CanadaLes vétérinaires marquent l’histoire de la santé animale au Canada
English: Canadian government veterinarians based on Grosse Île played a major role in protecting animal health in Canada for more than forty years. Their research during the Second World War led, 1946, to the development of a vaccine . . . — Map (db m80681) HM
Quebec (Chaudière-Appalaches (region)), Lévis — A.C. Davie ShipyardLe chantier A.C. Davie
English: Established by Allison Davie in 1829, this shipyard represents the great period of shipbuilding in Canada. Its operations continued until 1989 and, over time, were marked by several technical innovations. In 1832, Davie installed . . . — Map (db m80755) HM
Quebec (Coaticook MRC), Compton — Louis Stephen St-Laurent1882 - 1973
Né à Compton, reçu avocat en 1905, St-Laurent fut a maintes reprises conseiller de grandes compagnies et représenta le gouvernement federal devant le Conseil Prive de Londres. Ministre de la justice (1941-1946), secrétaire d’état aux affaires . . . — Map (db m74537) HM
Quebec (Coaticook MRC), Waterville — École HYATT School
The settlement of Milby dates back to the 1790s. This Hyatt One-Room Schoolhouse was built on land originally granted to Loyalist Abraham Hyatt Sr., located in the Hyatt Settlement, now known as Milby. Two brothers, Cornelius and Abraham Jr. . . . — Map (db m74544) HM
Quebec (Côte-Nord), Blanc-Sablon — Blanc-SablonNaishipinut
English: For nearly nine thousand years, Aboriginal peoples have been drawn to Blanc-Sablon's abundant shoreline resources. Research conducted on more than sixty archaeological sites along the western bank of the Blanc-Sablon River . . . — Map (db m79604) HM
Quebec (Côte-Nord), Blanc-Sablon — Blanc-Sablon National Historic SiteLieu historique national de Blanc-Sablon — Naishipiunt utenau shashish aitashtakanit
English: The Blanc-Sablon National Historic Site of Canada, also recognised as Cultural Property in Québec, holds a signifiant place in the history of the Quebec- Labrador coast. Artefacts found at this site represent 9,000 years of . . . — Map (db m79605) HM
Quebec (de Roussillon MRC), La Prairie — Second Battle of La Prairie
French text on marker appears above English text below On August 11th, 1691, a few hours after the attack on Fort La Prairie, Major Peter Schuyler and his Indians suffered a severe defeat at the hands of the French and their indian allies, . . . — Map (db m75315) HM WM
Quebec (Gaspésie), Gaspé — Jacques Cartier MonumentNational Historic Site of Canada
This monument is composed of six stelae. (Stelae 1) French: Dans leur variété féconde leur diversité et l'intluence réciproque quélles exercent les unes sur les autres toutes les cultures font partié du patrimoine . . . — Map (db m94675) HM
Quebec (Gaspésie– Îles-de-la-Madeleine (region)), Gaspé — Jacque Cartier
English: In commemoration of the Four Hundredth Anniversary of the landing of Jaques Cartier at the entrance to this harbour on 24th July, 1534. French: Pour commémorer le quatre centième anniversaire de l’atterrissage de . . . — Map (db m80666) HM
Quebec (Gaspésie– Îles-de-la-Madeleine (region)), Gaspé — Jacques Cartier at GaspeJacques Cartier à Gaspé
English: On 14 July 1534, the two ships commanded by Jacques Cartier of Saint-Malo sought shelter in Gaspé Bay, where they remained for eleven days. Here Cartier met and established friendly relations with a large fishing party of St. . . . — Map (db m80667) HM
Quebec (Gaspésie– Îles-de-la-Madeleine (region)), Percé — 350ᵉ anniversaire de la visite de François de Montmorency-Laval
Commémoration le 16 mai 2009 à Percé du 350ᵉ anniversaire de la visite de François de Montmorency-Laval (Montigny-sur-Avre, 1623 - Québec, 1708) nommé Vicaire Apostolique de la Nouvelle-France en 1658 et Sacré premier évêque de . . . — Map (db m80648) HM
Quebec (Gaspésie– Îles-de-la-Madeleine (region)), Percé — A Rock Forever Sculpted by Time and TideUn rocher sans cesse sculpté, au fil du temps et des marées — Parc National de l’Île-Bonaventure-et-du-Rocher-Percé
English: From the days of New France to today, many have spoken of its shape. “We came to Isle Percée… a very tall rock, with two steep sides and pierced by hole through which long boats and ships may pass at high . . . — Map (db m80647) HM
Quebec (Gaspésie– Îles-de-la-Madeleine (region)), Percé — Edmund James Flynn(1847-1927) — 10ᵉ Premier Ministre du Québec
À la memoire d’un illustre enfant de Percé Edmund James Flynn (1847-1927) 10ᵉ Premier Ministre du Québec Fils de James Flynn, pêcheur, et d’Elizabeth Tostevin, originaire de Guernesey, Edmund James Flynn et né . . . — Map (db m80649) HM
Quebec (Gaspésie– Îles-de-la-Madeleine (region)), Percé — Percé Great War Memorial1914 - 1918
English: To Commemorate the valour of Officers and Men of Percé who fought in the Great War with his Majesty’s Forces for honour and freedom Our heroic dead French: En mémoire de la vaillance des officiers et soldats de . . . — Map (db m80643) WM
Quebec (Gaspésie– Îles-de-la-Madeleine (region)), Percé — Percé World War II Monument1939-1945
English: This plaque commemorates the heroism of the men and women of Percé who served voluntarily in the Canadian Armed Forces. French: Cette plaque rappelle l’héroroîsme des hommes et des femmes de Percé qui son servi . . . — Map (db m80644) WM
Quebec (Gaspésie– Îles-de-la-Madeleine (region)), Percé — William Edmond Logan1798 - 1875
English: Sent abroad from his native Montreal to complete his education, Logan established a reputation as a map maker and geologist in the mining districts of Wales which led to his appointment as the first Director of the Geological . . . — Map (db m80645) HM
Quebec (Gaspésie– Îles-de-la-Madeleine (region)), Pointe-à-la-Croix — The Battle of the RestigoucheLa Bataille de la Ristigouche
English: In May 1760 a French relief fleet, unable to reach Quebec, took refuge at the head of Chaleur Bay. It was there that a British squadron blockaded them on June 22. Aided by Acadians and Micmacs, the French planted batteries on the . . . — Map (db m80582) HM
Quebec (Gaspésie-Îles de la Madeleine MRC), Cap-des-Rosiers — Carricks Monument
Sacred to the memory of 187 Irish Immigrants from Sligo wrecked here on April 28th 1847 Ship Carricks of Whitehaven 87 are buried here Pray for their souls Erected by Parishioners of St Patricks Parish Montreal . . . — Map (db m22854) HM
Quebec (Haut-Richelieu MRC), Lacolle — Bataille du Moulin de Lacolle / Battle of the Lacolle Mill
Sur ce site, le 30 mars 1814, le major R.B. Handcock, avec quelque 500 soldats du 13e régiment des Royal Marines, de Canadian Fencibles, des Voltigeurs ainsi que des Indiens, a combattu vigoureusement contre 4,000 soldats . . . — Map (db m74538) HM
Quebec (Haut-Richelieu MRC), Lacolle — 15 — Blockhaus de la Rivière-LacolleLacolle Mills Blockhouse
English: Built prior to the War of 1812, the Lacolle Blockhouse is one of the last military defense works of of its kind still standing in Canada. After the American invasion of 1775 and 1776, the British authorities wished to exert better . . . — Map (db m82069) HM
Quebec (Haut-Richelieu MRC), Lacolle — Blockhaus de la Rivière-LacolleThe Lacolle River Blockhouse
English: The Lacolle River Blockhouse Back in the XVIII Century … In Canada, blockhouses first appeared in Acadia around 1750, at the time of the British conquest. The Lacolle River blockhouse, built in 1781, was part of the . . . — Map (db m82728) HM
Quebec (Haut-Richelieu MRC), Lacolle — La Bataille d’Odelltown / Battle of Odelltown
Après l’échec de l’insurrection de 1837, des membres du parti des patriotes, rassembles aux États-Unis sous la conduite de Robert Nelson, proclamèrent la République du Bas-Canada et tentèrent de renverser le gouvernement. L’invasion de 1838, . . . — Map (db m77848) HM
Quebec (Haut-Richelieu MRC), Saint-Cyprien-de-Napierville — Louis CyrThe World's Strongest Man
Louis Cyr was born here, in Saint-Cyprien-de-Napierville, on October 10, 1863. By the age of 12, he was working in a logging camp in the winter and on the family farm the rest of the year. He enjoyed impressing his fellow workers with shows of his . . . — Map (db m89790) HM
Quebec (Haut-Richelieu MRC), Saint-Jean — Fort Saint-Jean
{French text} L'état de guerre avec les Iroquois incita les Français à bâtir un fort à Saint-Jean en 1666. Un nouveau fort fut érigé en 1748 afin de protéger la colonie française contre les expéditions militaires britanniques qui remontaient . . . — Map (db m77015) HM
Quebec (Haut-Richelieu MRC), Saint-Jean-sur-Richelieu — First Railway in Canada
Canada's first steam railway, the Champlain and St. Lawrence, was opened in 1836 to better facilitate trade with the United States. It was built by promoters led by brewer John Molson and merchant-forwarder Jason C. Pierce. This 23-kilometre line . . . — Map (db m74533) HM
Quebec (Haut-Richelieu MRC), Saint-Jean-sur-Richelieu — Former Grand Trunk Railway Station
The Saint-Jean station, built in 1890, symbolizes the presence of the Grand Trunk Railway in Québec before its amalgamation in 1923 with the Canadian National Railways. The Grand Trunk was incorporated in 1853 to provide service through the Province . . . — Map (db m74534) HM
Quebec (Haut-Richelieu MRC), Saint-Paul-de-l'Île-aux-Noix — 16 — Chantier Naval de Île-aux-NoixThe Île-aux-Noix Naval Shipyard
English: When war was declared between the United States and England, in June of 1812, Canada again risked being attacked from the south. The Lake Champlain-Richelieu River corridor represented the easiest way to invade Montrêal. . . . — Map (db m82067) HM
Quebec (Haut-Richelieu MRC), Saint-Paul-de-l'Île-aux-Noix — Fort LennoxLe Fort Lennox
English: Fort Lennox was the third fortification built on Isle-aux-Noix as a barrier to invasion along the Richelieu River from the south. The island was first fortified by the French in 1759 but the British captured it the next year. In . . . — Map (db m82065) HM
Quebec (Haut-Richelieu MRC), Saint-Paul-de-l'Île-aux-Noix — The Royal Navy
English: In enduring memory of the services of the officiers, seamen, and soldiers of the Royal Navy, Provincial Marine, and Royal Marines, who fought in defence of Canada on Lake Champlain in 1776-77 and 1812-1814. French: . . . — Map (db m82066) WM
Quebec (La Cité Borough), Québec City — Champlain MonumentVieux-Québec
Samuel de Champlain: Born at Brovace in Saintonce about 1567. Served in the French Army as Marechal des Locis under Henri IV. Explored the West Indies from 1599 to 1601 and also Acadia from 1604 to 1607. Founded Québec in 1603. Discovered . . . — Map (db m74547) HM
Quebec (La Cité Borough), Québec City — Le Château FrontenacVieux-Québec
Construit en sept étapes à partir de 1892-1893, cet édifice offre un excellet exemple des hotels de style Chateau etablis par les companies ferroviaires au Canada. Rehaussé par la splendeur du site, il évoque la romantisme des château de la Loir . . . — Map (db m74546) HM
Quebec (La Mitis MRC), Grand-Métis — Les Jardins de Métis
Created by Elsie Reford between 1926 and 1958, these gardens are an inspired example of the English art of the garden. Woven into a natural setting, a series of gardens display perennials, trees and shrubs. A crab-apple orchard, a rock garden and . . . — Map (db m80669) HM
Quebec (La-Vallée-du-Richelieu MRC), Chambly — Albani1847 - 1930
Albani, one of the great sopranos of her generation, was born Emma Lajeunesse at Chambly. After studies at home, in Paris and in Milan she was, for 24 years, a principal artist at Covent Garden and a favourite of Queen Victoria. She was mistress of . . . — Map (db m88678) HM
Quebec (La-Vallée-du-Richelieu MRC), Chambly — Chambly CanalCanal de Chambly
English: The Canal, connecting Lake Champlain with the St. Lawrence River, for navigation purposes, was proposed in 1785. Begun in 1831, it was excavated as far as Chambly, but the undertaking was suspended in 1835. Work was resumed in . . . — Map (db m82021) HM
Quebec (La-Vallée-du-Richelieu MRC), Chambly — Fort Chambly
French: Chambly — A.D. 1665. Courage et Loyaute Sous le regne de Louis XIV, Roi de France et de Navarre, Le Marquis de Vaudreuh, Etant Gouverneur général de la Nouvelle France Ce Fort fut érige en 1771 . . . — Map (db m82025) HM
Quebec (La-Vallée-du-Richelieu MRC), Chambly — Fort Chambly CemeteryCimetière du Fort de Chambly
English: Here rest in the peace of our Lord the mortal remains of men, who underneath the walls of the old fort, gave their lives for their country. “How sleep the Brave, who sink to rest by all their Country’s wishes blest!” . . . — Map (db m82023) HM WM
Quebec (La-Vallée-du-Richelieu MRC), Chambly — General John Thomas
In memory of General John Thomas An American Officier born in Marshfield, Mass. 1724, died of smallpox June 2, 1776, and other American soldiers buried in this ground. — Map (db m82024) HM WM
Quebec (La-Vallée-du-Richelieu MRC), Chambly — St. Stephen's Anglican ChurchL'Église Anglicane de St. Stephens
English: Erected in 1820, this church served the garrison of the nearby fort as well as the civilian population of Chambly. Seating was extended to accommodate the garrison by altering the pew arrangement in 1833 and adding side galleries . . . — Map (db m88702) HM
Quebec (La-Vallée-du-Richelieu MRC), Sainte-Angèle-de-Monnoir — Fort Sainte-ThérèseLe fort Sainte-Thérèse — The Wooden Fort Era / Au temps des forts de bois
English: In 1665, not far from here on the shores of the Richelieu, the soldiers of the Carignan-Salieres regiment built a wooden stockade to protect the new colony and bring the war to Iroquois territory, southwest of Lake Champlain. The . . . — Map (db m82033) HM
Quebec (La-Vallée-du-Richelieu MRC), Sainte-Angèle-de-Monnoir — Fort Ste. Therese
English: Built in 1665, on the point south east beyond the canal, by M. de Salieres. One of the forts constructed on the Richelieu by the Carignan Regiment for defence against the Iroquois, starting point of the expedition of 1666. In . . . — Map (db m82032) HM
Quebec (Le Haut-Saint-Laurent MRC), Howick — The Battle of the ChâteauguayBataille de la Châteauguay
English: Here, on 26 October 1813, a Canadian force of about 300 consisting of Voltigeurs, Canadian Fencibles, Sedentary and Select Embodied Militia and Indians, commanded by Lieutenant Colonel Charles Michel de Salaberry, halted 5,700 . . . — Map (db m82104) HM
Quebec (Le Plateau-Mont-Royal Borough), Montréal — Hochelaga
Près d’ici état le site de la ville fortifiée ďHochelaga visitée par Jacques Cartier en 1535, abandonnée avant 1600 elle renfermait cinquante grandes maisons logeant chacune plusieurs familles vivant de la culture du sol et de la pêche. Near . . . — Map (db m72726) HM
Quebec (Longueuil MRC), Boucherville — Jacques Marquette, S.J.
(French text appears above English text) Né en France le 10 Juin, 1637. Découvrit le Missippi, avec Louis Jolliet, le 17 Juin 1673. Mourut dans l'Etat du Michigan le 18 mai 1675. Visita cette seigneurie en mai 1668. Born . . . — Map (db m78180) HM
Quebec (Memphrémagog MRC), Austin — Reginald Aubrey Fessenden1866 - 1932
Ce pionnier de la radiocommunication est ne a Bolton-Est. En 1884, il quitta le Canada et, pendant qu’il dirigeait une école aux Bermudes, il se donna une formation en télécommunications. Sa compétence l’amena aux États-Unis ou il fit de la . . . — Map (db m74540) HM
Quebec (Memphrémagog MRC), East Bolton — Former Bolton Township Hall
French text appears above English text. Passage of the Municipal and Road Act for Lower Canada in 1855 resulted in the construction of many public halls in the English-speaking communities of rural Quebec during the second half of the 19th . . . — Map (db m75771) HM
Quebec (Montréal (region)), Lachine — A Wonderful New AdditionTout nouveau, tout beau
English: This little branch is all that remains of the first canal of 1825. The low stone walls were added in the 1930s. The lock stood under your feet. The canal subsequently followed the current route to the port of Montreal, located 13.5 . . . — Map (db m82158) HM
Quebec (Montréal (region)), Lachine — An Upstream BattleNaviguer à contre-courant
English: In the early 19th century, navigators could avoid the rapids between Lake St. Louis and Lake St. François by using a number of small canals built by the military around 1780. Nothing of the sort allowed navigators to bypass the . . . — Map (db m82156) HM
Quebec (Montréal (region)), Lachine — Frances Anne Hopkins
Two adjacent panels provide information on the life of Frances Anne Hopkins Frances Anne Hopkins, an Unrecognized Woman Do you know this woman? She once walked the ground under you feet. In fact, she lived in Lachine from . . . — Map (db m82108) HM
Quebec (Montréal (region)), Lachine — Full Steam AheadGrandir à toute vapeur
English: Barely 20 years after its opening, the canal was no longer up to the task, unable to accommodate larger ships. It was widened for the first time in 1843 to 1848 in one of a series of large-scale projects ordered by the Colonial . . . — Map (db m82153) HM
Quebec (Montréal (region)), Lachine — Growing With the TimesDoublement et dédoublement
English: This lock provides evidence of the first canal enlargement, which doubled the dimensions of the waterway and locks. Reduced from seven to five, the new locks were built parallel to the old. this one was used for navigation until . . . — Map (db m82154) HM
Quebec (Montréal (region)), Lachine — Lachine MassacreMassacre de Lachine
English: During the night of the 4-5 August 1689, fifteen hundred Iroquois landed at Lachine and placed themselves in small groups near all the houses along the shore. At a given signal the massacre began; two hundred persons perished and . . . — Map (db m82105) HM
Quebec (Montréal (region)), Lachine — Lachine: Gateway to the NorthwestLachine: porte des «Pays-d’en-Haut»
English: The St. Lawrence River’s Sault-Saint-Louis rapids constitued (sic) an impassable barrier. Until a canal was built, canoes and bateaux had to set out from Lachine to… • explore the west of the country, • conduct the fur . . . — Map (db m82107) HM
Quebec (Montréal (region)), Lachine — The Hudson’s Bay Company in LachineLa Compagnie de la Baie d’ Hudson à Lachine
English: In 1826, five years after the merger with its great Montréal rival, the North West Company, the Hudson’s Bay Company set up its headquarters in Lachine. Activities connected with the fur trade, however, would never again reach . . . — Map (db m82106) HM
Quebec (Montréal (region)), Lachine — The Lachine CanalLe Canal de Lachine
English: The Lachine Canal, built between 1821 and 1825 and enlarged in the 1840s and 1870s, was the first in a network of canals on the St. Lawrence River that linked the Atlantic to the Great Lakes. A symbol of the modernization of . . . — Map (db m82109) HM
Quebec (Montréal (region)), Montréal — Cartier ResidencesLes Résidences Cartier
English: These two semi-detached houses were constructed about 1837, and each served as the home of one of Canada’s most distinguished statesmen, Sir George-Étienne Cartier (1814-1873), who occupied the east home from 1848 until 1855, and . . . — Map (db m82112) HM
Quebec (Montréal (region)), Montréal — History of Basilique Notre Dame de Montréal
French: 1657: Arrivée des sulpiciens à Ville-Marie. M. Gabriel de Queylus,P.S.S., Supérieur. M. Gabriel Souart, P.S.S., Curé-missionnaire. 1672-1683: Construction de la première église Notre-Dame dans l’axe de la rue Notre-Dame. M. . . . — Map (db m82017) HM
Quebec (Montréal (region)), Montréal — Jeanne Mance(1606-1673)
English: On this site, Jeanne Mance founded the Hôtel-Dieu de Montréal, one of the oldest hospitals in the country. She arrived in Ville-Marie with Paul de Chomedey de Maisonneuve in 1642, and remained the only nurse there until 1659, when . . . — Map (db m82011) WM
Quebec (Montréal (region)), Montréal — Joe Beef’s CanteenLe Cantine de Joe Beef
English: “Joe Beef’s may be low, it is certainly dirty on the cellar and ground floors; and the value of such a place to the city may be questioned, but let one thing be remembered - many a tired head has found rest; many a hungry . . . — Map (db m82114) HM
Quebec (Montréal (region)), Montréal — Kondiaronk and CallièreKondiaronk et Callière
English: Kondiaronk, Grand Chief of the Wyandots of Michilimakinac, played a determining role in the negotiations of the Great Peace due to both his influence with the other First Nations chiefs and the respect that he had among the . . . — Map (db m82116) HM
Quebec (Montréal (region)), Montréal — Montréal’s Founders and First Colonists Monument
This obelisk honors the founders and first colonists of the City of Montréal. There are four panels at the base of the monument. Panel 1: Le XVIII Mai MDCCCXCIII Ce monument a été erige par La Société Historique de . . . — Map (db m82159) HM
Quebec (Montréal (region)), Montréal — Saint-Laurent BoulevardLe Boulevard Saint-Laurent
English: Saint-Laurent Boulevard, commonly known as “The Main,” holds a special place in the emergence and development of cultural communities in Canada. Since the end of the 19th century, waves of immigrants from all around the . . . — Map (db m82113) HM
Quebec (Montréal (region)), Montréal — Visitors Center
English: This house built around 1800 on land granted in 1658 to Lambert Closse by Paul de Chomedey Sieur de Maisonneuve, was restored and converted into an art center in 1964 by the Safeguard Life Ass. Co. French: Cette . . . — Map (db m82013) HM
Quebec (Rosemont–La Petite-Patrie Borough), Montréal — Le Jardin Botanique de Montréal / The Montréal Botanical Gardens
Fondé en 1931, ce jardin est l’œuvre du frère Marie-Victorin, botaniste de grand renom qui a amorcé et mené projet d’envergure, et de Henry Teuscher, architecte paysagiste qui en a conçu l’aménagement. La beauté, la variété et la richesse de ses . . . — Map (db m78181) HM
Quebec (Sherbrooke MRC), Sherbrooke — Sir Alexander Tilloch Galt1817-1893
French text appears above English text Born in England, Galt came to Sherbrooke in 1835, and played a key role in the development of the Eastern Townships as Commissioner of the British American Land Company, as entrepreneur, railway . . . — Map (db m75634) HM
Quebec (Vaudreuil-Soulanges RCM), Coteau-du-Lac — A canal excavated in the rockUn canal creusé dans le roc
English: The point at Coteau-du-Lac is formed by superimposed layers of dolomite (rock containing lime and magnesium). The British military used various excavation techniques to build a canal at this spot. In general, they removed the . . . — Map (db m83819) HM
Quebec (Vaudreuil-Soulanges RCM), Coteau-du-Lac — A canal that must be preservedUn canal à protéger
English: The Canadian Parks service has a mission to preserve certain sites that bear witness to the history of our country and to the accomplishments of our ancestors. Of exceptional historic and archaeological importance, the Coteau-du-Lac . . . — Map (db m83817) HM
Quebec (Vaudreuil-Soulanges RCM), Coteau-du-Lac — A dry canalUn canal à sec
English: Located at the confluence of the Delisle and St. Lawrence rivers, the point of land at Coteau-du-Lac was originally surrounded by water. However, with the construction of hydroelectric dams and the St. Lawrence Seaway, the . . . — Map (db m83794) HM
Quebec (Vaudreuil-Soulanges RCM), Coteau-du-Lac — A strategic site / Un lieu stratégique
English: During the American Revolution, Governor Haldimand decided to establish a supply centre at Coteau-du-Lac, since it was well situated on the line of communication between Montréal and the Great Lakes. As early as 1779, blockhouses, . . . — Map (db m83771) HM
Quebec (Vaudreuil-Soulanges RCM), Coteau-du-Lac — A supply centre / Un poste de ravitaillement
English: Even before the canal was constructed, Coteau-du-Lac was used as a supply centre for goods being shipped to the Great Lakes posts. In 1779, two storehouses were built on the site: one was reserved for general merchandise, while the . . . — Map (db m83770) HM
Quebec (Vaudreuil-Soulanges RCM), Coteau-du-Lac — A very busy canalUn canal très fréquenté
English: Although the Coteau-du-Lac canal was built primarily to accelerate the transport of troops and military supplies to the forts around the Great Lakes, it was also used for commercial purposes. Traffic through the canal, which . . . — Map (db m83798) HM
Quebec (Vaudreuil-Soulanges RCM), Coteau-du-Lac — Adapting the canal to new needsUn canal qui évolue
English: The settlement of Loyalists in Upper Canada after the American Revolution led to a substantial increase in trade between Upper and Lower Canada in the early 19th century. Since merchandise was transported mainly by water, the . . . — Map (db m83799) HM
Quebec (Vaudreuil-Soulanges RCM), Coteau-du-Lac — Changes in the landscapeUn paysage modifie
English: The construction of hydroelectric dams and the St. Lawrence Seaway in the 1950s caused the water level of the river to fall by about 2.5 metres. At the eastern end of Lake Saint-François, dams, sluicegates and the . . . — Map (db m83850) HM
Quebec (Vaudreuil-Soulanges RCM), Coteau-du-lac — Coteau-du-lac
English: From 1778 until the mid-19th century Coteau-du-Lac was the site of a British military post which defended the passage and facilitated the transportation of supplies along the St. Lawrence. It was of strategic importance to the . . . — Map (db m82178) HM
Quebec (Vaudreuil-Soulanges RCM), Coteau-du-Lac — Destination: Great Lakes / Destination: Les Grands LacsCoteau-du-Lac: Supply Post / Coteau-du-Lac: Centre de ravitaillement
English: During the American War of Independence, Frederick Haldimand, Governor of the Province of Quebec, had a supply post built at Coteau-du-Lac, given the site’s strategic location between Montreal and the Great Lakes. As early as . . . — Map (db m83768) HM
Quebec (Vaudreuil-Soulanges RCM), Coteau-du-Lac — North blockhouse / Le blockhaus nordTemporary officers’ quarters - North storehouse / Le logement temporaire des officiers - L’entrepôt
English: These masonry features are the remains of the north blockhouse built by the British army during the American Revolution (1775-1783). Erected to protect the canal, this building was also used as a barracks and as a storehouse for . . . — Map (db m83769) HM
Quebec (Vaudreuil-Soulanges RCM), Coteau-du-Lac — The “rigolet” canalLe canal rigolet
English: Since the “batteau” was difficult to portage, the French has to find another means of getting this heavy boat past the rapids. As a result, they constructed a “rigolet” canal at Coteau-du-Lac in the 18th . . . — Map (db m83846) HM
Quebec (Vaudreuil-Soulanges RCM), Coteau-du-Lac — The construction of the canalLa construction du canal
English: The construction of the canal at Coteau-du-Lac began in the summer of 1779. William Twiss, Commanding Royal Engineer of the British army, was in charge of the project. Most of the labourers who worked on the canal were . . . — Map (db m83820) HM
Quebec (Vaudreuil-Soulanges RCM), Coteau-du-Lac — The Coteau-du-Lac rapidsLes rapides de Coteau-du-lac
English: The St. Lawrence River abounded with rapids between Montréal and Kingston, especially in the stretch between Lake Saint-Louis and Lake Saint-François, where a series of “cascades” made navigation impossible. Of all the . . . — Map (db m83849) HM
Quebec (Vaudreuil-Soulanges RCM), Coteau-du-Lac — The Durham boatLe bateau Durham
English: Of American origin, the Durham boat was introduced into Canada in around 1810. Since it was a flat-bottomed, shallow-draught vessel, it could be used in rapids, and shoal without running aground. It was equipped with an oar that . . . — Map (db m83796) HM
Quebec (Vaudreuil-Soulanges RCM), Coteau-du-Lac — The First InhabitantsSur les trances de premiers occupants
These three markers, located in close proximity, deal with early habitation at Coteau-du-Lac. Marker One: English: Coteau-du-Lac: A site visited for thousands of years Over 7,000 years ago . . . — Map (db m83868) HM
Quebec (Vaudreuil-Soulanges RCM), Coteau-du-Lac — The first lock canal in North AmericaLa premier canal à écluses en Amérique du Nord
English: Captain William Twiss, Commanding Royal Engineer of the British army, initiated and supervised the construction of the Coteau-du-Lac canal. This canal was intended to reduce the amount of time it took for . . . — Map (db m83822) HM
Quebec (Vaudreuil-Soulanges RCM), Coteau-du-Lac — The War of 1812 - 1814La guerre de 1812 - 1814
English: With the development of lighter artillery, the art of warfare underwent important changes in the second half of the 18th century and early 19th century. Sudden, rapid manoeuvers (sic) began to replace the slow and stationary siege. . . . — Map (db m83767) HM
Quebec (Vaudreuil-Soulanges RCM), Coteau-du-Lac — What is a lock canal?Qu’est-ce qu’un canal à écluses?
English: A canal is an artificial waterway designed to improve navigation on a river or other watercourse. A lock is a water-filled chamber with gates and sluices which allows vessels to travel between bodies of water that are located at . . . — Map (db m83818) HM
Quebec (Vaudreuil-Soulanges RCM), Coteau-du-Lac — Why a canal at Coteau-du-Lac?Pourquoi un canal à Coteau-du-lac?
English: Plans to launch an invasion of Canada during the Revolutionary War (1775-1783) brought to light a major weakness in the country’s system of defence. At the time, the St. Lawrence River was the only line of supply for the . . . — Map (db m83823) HM
Quebec (Vaudreuil-Soulanges RCM), Coteau-du-Lac — Worth Defending! / Mission: Parry Any Land-based MovementsUne place à défendre! / Mission: Empêcher les mouvements terrestres
This marker has material on both sides Side A: English: Worth Defending! Coteau-du-Lac: A Strategic Site The War of 1812 changed Coteau-du-Lac’s defensive role. It was no longer simply a supply post. . . . — Map (db m83792) HM
Quebec (Ville-Marie Borough), Montreal — Paul de Chomedey de Maisonneuve(1612-1671)
Ȃ la tête d’un groupe d’une cinquantaine de personnes, Paul de Chomedey de Maisonneuve, officier né en Champagne, fonda Ville-Marie le 17 mai 1642. Ayant subi l’influence du courant mystique issu de l’école de spiritualité française et des . . . — Map (db m84612) HM
Quebec (Ville-Marie Borough), Montréal — Antoine Laumet de La Mothe, sieur de Cadillac
[The coat of arms of Quebec] “Je Me Souviens” Ici vécut -- Here lived Antoine Laumet de Lamothe Sieur de Cadillac (1658-1730), Fondateur de -- Founder of Détroit, -- Detroit, Governeur de -- Governor of La . . . — Map (db m78185) HM
Quebec (Ville-Marie Borough), Montréal — Aux origines de Montréal / The origins of Montréal
C’est ici que le sieur de Maisonneuve fonda Montréal en mai 1642. Situé au confluent du Saint-Laurent et de l’ancienne petite rivière Saint-pierre, l’endroit était bien connu des Autochtones qui s’y rassemblaient depuis des siècles, de même que sur . . . — Map (db m78186) HM
Quebec (Ville-Marie Borough), Montréal — Château de Vaudreuil
Ici s’élevait – Here stood le Château de – the Château Vaudreuil – de Vaudreuil Construit en 1723 – Built in 1723, occupé de le – occupied by the College de – College of Montréal de – Montreal . . . — Map (db m73102) HM
Quebec (Ville-Marie Borough), Montréal — Joseph Papineau
Joseph Papineau (1752 – 1841), notaire et député, habitait cette maison. Son fils Louis-Joseph Papineau (1786-1871), avocat, homme d’état et chef de l’insurrection de 1837, y vécut également ainsi que ses descendants. — Map (db m73144) HM
Quebec (Ville-Marie Borough), Montréal — L’Ancien Édifice de la Douane / The Old Custom House
Construite entre 1836 et 1838, l’ancienne douane est l’œuvre de John Ostell, l’un des plus importants architectes de ces années à Montréal. L’édifice de style palladien se distingue par son élégante façade ornée de pilastres et d’un large fronton. . . . — Map (db m72899) HM
Quebec (Ville-Marie Borough), Montréal — La Basilique Notre-Dame / Notre-Dame Basilica
Cette imposante basilique, construite de 1824 ả 1829 et terminée au début des années 1840, fut le premier exemple significatif de style néogothique au Canada. Église paroissial érigée selon les plans de l’architecte américano-irlandais James . . . — Map (db m72828) HM
Quebec (Ville-Marie Borough), Montréal — La Basilique Saint-Patrick / Saint Patrick's Basilica
Bel exemple des débuts du néo-gothique, la basilique Saint-Patrick fut bâtie entre 1843 et 1847 pour la communauté irlandaise de Montréal. Conçue par Pierre-Louis Morin et le père Félix Martin, elle combine la simplicité de l’architecture québécoise . . . — Map (db m73082) HM
Quebec (Ville-Marie Borough), Montréal — Le Château Ramezay / Château Ramezay
[Royal Coat of Arms of Canada] Le gouverneur de Montréal Claude de Ramezay fit ériger ici en 1705, par Pierre Couturier, un édifice pour lui servir de demeure. La Compagnie des Indes occidentales, qui le posséda de 1745 à 1763, le fit . . . — Map (db m36937) HM
Quebec (Ville-Marie Borough), Montréal — Le Marché Bonsecours / Bonsecours Market
Entrepris en 1844 par l’architecte William Footner, cet imposant édifice, d’inspiration néoclassique, rappelle l’accession de Montréal au rang de métropole. Complete par George Brown en 1860, il a servi d’hôtel de ville entre 1852 et 1878. Pendant . . . — Map (db m72976) HM
Quebec (Ville-Marie Borough), Montréal — The Nelson Column, Montreal
North face : In memory of the Right Honorable Lord Viscount Nelson Duke of Bronte who terminated his career of Naval Glory in the memorable Battle of Trafalgar on the 21st of Oct 1806 after inculcating by signal a maxim that can never be . . . — Map (db m33963) HM

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