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“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
 
 

South Dakota Historical Markers

 
The History Of Scotland Academy Marker image, Click for more information
By Roger Dean Meyer, July 30, 2006
The History Of Scotland Academy Marker
South Dakota (Bon Homme County), Scotland — The History Of Scotland Academy
In 1880 Reverend-Doctor Harlan P. Carson, Synodical Missionary for Dakota Territory, arrived from Illinois. In 1886 he established Scotland Academy for pioneering settlers in Bon Homme and surrounding counties to support the two Christian crusades . . . — Map (db m556) HM
South Dakota (Brookings County), Brookings — Brookings/Hillcrest Park
Brookings: The county seat of Brookings County was platted October 3-4, 1879, when the Northwestern Railroad reached here. Some of the early store buildings were moved overland from Fountain and Medary, which soon became ghost towns. In November . . . — Map (db m63968) HM
South Dakota (Brown County), Aberdeen — Andrew Melgaard
This statue erected in memory of Andrew Melgaard Pioneer Who Presented this park to The City of Aberdeen — Map (db m90518) HM
South Dakota (Brown County), Aberdeen — F.W. Sallet and the Dakota Freie Presse
Two German language newspapers, Dakota Freie Press (DFP) and Neue Deutsche Presse (NDP), were located a short distance from here at 324 South Main St. Owner and editor, Friedrich Wilheim Sallet, emigrated from East Prussia and published DFP for . . . — Map (db m90571) HM
South Dakota (Brown County), Aberdeen — GROW! Aberdeen, SD - Absolutely! Aberdeen
This sculpture was commissioned by Absolutely! Aberdeen for the GROW! Campaign. It symbolizes Absolutely! Aberdeen's commitment to promote growth in and around the Aberdeen area. Each piece of the sculpture represents a specific element that we . . . — Map (db m90799)
South Dakota (Brown County), Aberdeen — The Great Northern Railroad Depot
Has been placed on the National Register of Historic Places By the United States Department of the Interior Built 1906 — Map (db m91243) HM
South Dakota (Brown County), Bath — Bath, South Dakota
At this site on June 22, 1989, The State Centennial Wagon Train with 44 wagons made their noon stop. Over 700 people welcomed the wagon train with an old fashioned BBQ and entertainment. — Map (db m90516) HM
South Dakota (Brown County), Frederick — Colon Campbell Fur Post
On this spot stood Colon Campbell Fur Post 1822 - 28 The very important Sioux, Waneta was born near this place 1794 - 1848 — Map (db m90546) HM
South Dakota (Brown County), Frederick — South DakotaYou Are Entering
Front of Marker Created with its twin, North Dakota, 2 November 1889, its 77,047 square miles ranks 15th in size. Those square miles include; exceptional corn land in the SE, grass land in the W, wheat land in the N and Productive land all . . . — Map (db m91959) HM
South Dakota (Brown County), Mansfield — John Mansfield
John Mansfield Founder Mansfield Dak Territory 1882 — Map (db m90531) HM
South Dakota (Brown County), Stratford — Stratford Veterans Memorial
"Lest We Forget" Dedicated to all the Veterans of the United States of America and to those who will come after us for their Service to God and Country — Map (db m90796) WM
South Dakota (Butte County), Belle Fourche — Lasting Legacy
Dedicated July 3, 1989 to Celebrate a Century State of South Dakota Belle Fourche area 1889-1989 — Map (db m4612) HM
South Dakota (Butte County), Belle Fourche — Minnesela, So. Dak.
Original Site of the U.S. Post Office and Store Minnesela So. Dak. 1882 - 1901 — Map (db m90569) HM
South Dakota (Butte County), Belle Fourche — Sheepherder's Monuments
Sheepherder's Monuments or stone Johnnies survive the day of the open range. These stone columns were probably built to indicate distance and direction to waterholes and provided the sheepherder with a pastime while tending his flock. — Map (db m4564) HM
South Dakota (Butte County), Belle Fourche — Welcome to Belle FourcheThe Geo Center of the U.S.
In 1959 following the admission of Alaska and Hawaii to the Union, the U.S. Coast and Geodetic survey officially designated a point 20 miles north of Belle Fourche, South Dakota as the Geographic Center of the Nation. Entry of Alaska and Hawaii . . . — Map (db m4867) HM
South Dakota (Campbell County), Herreid — You are about to enter South Dakota / You are now leaving South Dakota
You are about to enter South Dakota

Created with its twin, North Dakota, 2 November 1889, its 77,047 square miles ranks 15th in size. Those square miles include exceptional corn land in the SE, grass land in the W, wheat land in the N. and . . . — Map (db m44710) HM

South Dakota (Clark County), Clark — Samuel Harrison ElrodFifth Governor of South Dakota
Samuel H. Elrod was born near Coatesville, Indiana, May 1, 1856. Having worked his way through Asbury College, now Depauw University, graduating in 1882, he passed the Indiana Bar Examinations and headed for Dakota Territory. Arriving in Watertown . . . — Map (db m91937) HM
South Dakota (Clark County), Elrod — Birthplace of South Dakota Amateur BaseballGarden City - - - - - Six Miles North
In 1931 an economic depression spread across South Dakota and the nation. A drouth ravished crops and unemployment was widespread. In an effort to raise the morale of the people and to give amateur baseball players an opportunity to compete, . . . — Map (db m91936) HM
South Dakota (Clay County), Vermillion — Bruyer Church
August Bruyer, his wife, Josephine (Simon) and their sons, John and Julius, were born in France, coming to America about the middle of the nineteenth century. By 1858, they had settled in Fairview Township, 4 miles east of what was to be Vermillion. . . . — Map (db m39686) HM
South Dakota (Clay County), Vermillion — First Rural Electric Cooperative
On November 25, 1935, 17 farmers from Clay and Union counties held an historic meeting at the Manning/O'Connor store in Burbank, three miles south of this spot. Their purpose was to form a consumer-owned corporation which would allow the rural . . . — Map (db m39687) HM
South Dakota (Clay County), Vermillion — From Lewis and Clark to the Future
Change came slowly to Spirit Mound after 1804. For 55 years the area remained the land of the Yankton Sioux, with fur traders conducting business from posts on the Missouri. The tallgrass prairie continued to thrive as it had for thousands of years . . . — Map (db m39702) HM
South Dakota (Clay County), Vermillion — Lewis and Clark Visit Spirit MoundAugust 25, 1804
On the hot day of August 25, 1804, captains Lewis and Clark and several of their men walked from the river to explore Spirit Mound. They had heard that little people with deadly arrows inhabited the mound. Although they did not find little people, . . . — Map (db m39698) HM
South Dakota (Clay County), Vermillion — Lewis and Clark Were Here...and Here...
The Missouri National Recreational River preserves two splendid segments of the free-flowing, once unpredictable "Big Muddy." These natural-appearing reaches are reminiscent of the river as reported in the journal pages of captains Lewis and Clark . . . — Map (db m39701) HM
South Dakota (Clay County), Vermillion — Spirit Mound
This trail leads to the summit of Spirit Mound, a sacred site for several Plains Indian tribes. Some tribal members make pilgrimages to Spirit Mound, say prayers on top, and leave offerings. As you approach and walk to the top, please do so . . . — Map (db m39700) HM
South Dakota (Codington County), Watertown — Codington County Courthouse
An example of Neo-classical architecture with Renaissance exterior elements, the Codington County Courthouse was built by Gray Construction under the direction of architects Freed and Perkins & McWayne. It cost $375,000.00 and was dedicated in June . . . — Map (db m23930) HM
South Dakota (Codington County), Watertown — Old M. & ST. L. Depot Museum
This depot, originally the Rock Island Lines New Passenger Station and Division Office Building. Was erected as a joint venture of the Rock Island, and the Minneapolis and St. Louis Railroads in 1912 for $50,000.00.

Over the years, it has . . . — Map (db m90413) HM

South Dakota (Codington County), Watertown — Watertownand Vicinity
1835 Joseph LaFramboise had trade post at Two Woods Lake (Chanopa. 1838 Nicollet & Fremont , explorers, visited SE Codington County. 1840 Rev. Stephen Return Riggs enroute, Lac Qui Parle to Ft. Pierre, traversed the area. 1856 Capt. Alfred . . . — Map (db m91935) HM
South Dakota (Custer County), Buffalo Gap — 469 — Jedediah Strong Smith’s Route - - 1823
First white man in the Black Hills, this courageous and brawny beaver trapper in 1823 led a dozen Mountain Men from Fort Kiowa to the Yellowstone. His party entered the Black Hills via the old bison trail through Buffalo Gap near here. Born in . . . — Map (db m89396) HM
South Dakota (Custer County), Custer — Campsite of General Custer's ExpeditionAugust 1 - 6, 1874
This picturesque valley was the site of the permanent camp of the Black Hills Expedition of 1874 under the command of General George A. Custer of the 7th Cavalry. Their 5 day stay was the longest stop made during the entire expedition and General . . . — Map (db m45353) HM
South Dakota (Custer County), Custer — Civilian Conservation Corps Camp
Camp F-14 Lightning Creek: located 0.7 mile NW on road 288. Companies: 1783V--10/17/33-Spring 34 791--4/30/34-Fall 41 The Civilian Conservation Corps was a federal relief program during 1933-1942 that gave jobless men work renovating abused . . . — Map (db m34296) HM
South Dakota (Custer County), Custer — Jasper Fire
Breaking the Records On August 24, 2000, a carelessly dropped match started what would become the largest fire in the recorded history of South Dakota. By the time the inferno finished its race through the forest, it had consumed 83,508 . . . — Map (db m37093) HM
South Dakota (Custer County), Custer — Jasper vs. JewelSeeking Answers to Questions About Caves and Wildfires
The Jasper Fire started on August 24, 2000. It burned over 83,000 acres. This includes the entire surface above known parts of Jewel Cave. Will such a large, intense wildfire affect this unique national treasure? Now is our chance to find out. . . . — Map (db m37095) HM
South Dakota (Custer County), Custer — Life in a Prairie Dog TownWind Cave National Park
Whether they know it or not, black-tailed prairie dogs are wildlife managers. These ground squirrels are intricately connected to numerous plant and animal species and play a key role in the health and stability of the prairie. The eating . . . — Map (db m71076) HM
South Dakota (Custer County), Custer — Prescribed FireAn Important Tool to Tame Wildfire
Did you notice that this forest burned? Some areas show no signs of fire. Blackened tree skeletons tell of crown fire in other areas. This is a typical burn mosaic of a western wildfire. How did the visitor center and nearby trees survive? Fire . . . — Map (db m37096) HM
South Dakota (Custer County), Custer — The Hearst HighwayDedicated to the memory of
George Hearst (1820-1891) United States Senator, mining engineer, sportsman, speculator. Starting with nothing, he developed three of the fabled mines in the American West -- The Ophir, the Anaconda, and the Homestake -- and founded one of the . . . — Map (db m34580) HM
South Dakota (Custer County), Custer — The Needles EyeOne Rock Formation Offers Millions of Stories
Geology provides the foundation of scenery in the Black Hills. From rocky outcroppings to towering spires, the northern portion of Custer State Park highlights the essence of the central core. The central core is a region of rocks mainly . . . — Map (db m34626) HM
South Dakota (Custer County), Fairburn — The Buffalo Corrals
Commonly called "buffalo", bison (Bison bison) are North America's largest land mammal, and one of Custer State Park's most valuable resources. Sometimes called "Lord of the Plains" the buffalo is a unique animal. A mature bull can stand up to six . . . — Map (db m45354) HM
South Dakota (Custer County), Keystone — 536 — The Pigtail Bridges
In 1932, Cecil Clyde Gideon, forged ahead with the design of the Pigtail Bridges when many felt it couldn’t be done. C.C., as he was called, was a pioneer in the Black Hills, making his mark as a master builder, architect, craftsman, lawman, highway . . . — Map (db m89460) HM
South Dakota (Day County), Pierpont — Charles H. SheldonSecond Governor of South Dakota — 1893 - 1897
Born at Johnson, Vermont, Sept. 12, 1840. His father died when he was 4 and at 6 he was bound out to work on a farm. He had 3 months schooling per year until 14 when, to get better educational opportunity, he got a store job for room and board and . . . — Map (db m91621) HM
South Dakota (Day County), Webster — Edgar S. McFadden
The farmers and farm organizations of Day County herewith seek to perpetuate the memory of and appreciation for one of Day County's farmers, agronomist and plant pathologist: Edgar S. McFadden The son of humble Christian parents was born . . . — Map (db m91410) HM
South Dakota (Day County), Webster — Sigurd Anderson19th Governor of South Dakota, 1951-1955 — Resident of Webster and Day County Since 1932
Born at Arendal, Norway, January 22, 1904, and came to the United States when three years old, settling in Lincoln County near Canton. Taught history and speech at Webster High School, 1932 to 1935. Completed law course at University of South Dakota . . . — Map (db m91387) HM
South Dakota (Day County), Webster — The Fight at Webster
Following the 1862 Minnesota Indian Uprising where nearly 600 men, women, and children were killed, the United States Army at Fort Wadsworth recruited friendly Indians as scouts to restrict the hostile Indians from white settlements. A half-breed, . . . — Map (db m91405) HM
South Dakota (Day County), Webster — WebsterCounty Seat of Day County
Founded in 1881 and named for J.P. Webster who homesteaded the townsite. Railroad supply point for Fort Sisseton (Fort Wadsworth) frontier outpost established 20 miles north in 1864. Gateway to Northeastern South Dakota Lake Region whose abundance . . . — Map (db m91379) HM
South Dakota (Day County), Webster — WWII Plane Crash Holds Memories
On October 25th, 1944 at 3:50 P.M. an A26-B two engine medium bomber from the Watertown Army Airbase crashed and burned in a field on the northwest quarter of section 12 of Butler township, which is two miles south and one mile west of this site. . . . — Map (db m91404) HM
South Dakota (Deuel County), Clear Lake — Hidewood CreekRest Area
Due east of these rest areas, the valley land looks much as it did before the pioneers came to this country. This area is part of the drainage of Hidewood Creek, located one-and one-half miles south of here. Hidewood's name comes from the prairie . . . — Map (db m92068) HM
South Dakota (Edmunds County), Ipswich — Ipswich Memorial Arch
Plaque South Post East Side. This pillar of the Memorial Arch of Ipswich is erected in honor of the valiant men of the Community of Ipswich who answered our country's call to arms in the World War 1917-1918 and as an everlasting monument to . . . — Map (db m90784) HM WM
South Dakota (Edmunds County), Ipswich — Medicine or Prayer Rock
Found near Mobridge, the impression was tediously incised by some old Indian intent on building himself up as a medicine man. Once formed it was a symbol of great power and was venerated by the Indians who believed it the work of the "Wakan" or . . . — Map (db m90792) HM
South Dakota (Fall River County), Edgemont — Teddy Roosevelts's Visit to Edgemont
(Side 1) President Theodore Roosevelt (T. R.) stopped in Edgemont on April 25, 1903 as part of a western states tour. Hundreds were on hand to welcome him. An old friend, Seth Bullock of Deadwood, arrived with him. They were then . . . — Map (db m94134) HM
South Dakota (Fall River County), Fall River — Fall River Falls
The eight mile long Fall River, winding through Fall River Canyon after the joining of Cold and Hot Brook streams above the city of Hot Springs, tumbles below over an outcropping of sandstone falling about 50 feet to form Fall River Falls, as viewed . . . — Map (db m89352) HM
South Dakota (Fall River County), Fall River — Leslie Jensen Scenic Drive
This highway along Fall River is dedicated to Leslie Jensen, 15th Governor of South Dakota 1937-1939, a native of Hot Springs, and a son of Chris Jensen, Black Hills Pioneer and Lille May Haxby Jensen. Educated in Hot Springs, Culver Military . . . — Map (db m89374) HM
South Dakota (Fall River County), Hot Springs — 663 — Hot Springs, SD
Tribal tradition states that as long ago as the 16th century the Fall River Valley and canyon area were seldom without groups of tipis belonging to North American Plains Tribes. They knew the curative value of the warm springs located there and used . . . — Map (db m89375) HM
South Dakota (Fall River County), Hot Springs — Paha Sapa LimestoneWind Cave National Park — Natinal Park Service
All Black Hills caves have formed in this layer 300 to 600 feet thick. Originally it was laid down on a shallow seabottom about 300 million years ago. Its name derives from the Lakota word meaning "Black Hills". — Map (db m70978) HM
South Dakota (Fall River County), Hot Springs — The CCC's Enduring LegacyWind Cave National Park
The Civilian Conservation Corps established a camp here during the Great Depression of the 1930s to make improvements to the park. This camp employed 200 men at a time and provided much needed jobs and training. Over an eight-year period, the young . . . — Map (db m70977) HM
South Dakota (Fall River County), Hot Springs — 680 — The Mammoth Site of Hot Springs, SD
Gigantic mammoths, ancestors of the majestic elephants of today, once roamed freely on the High Plains of North America. A repository of their remains, along with other kinds of animals, lay undisturbed until their discovery over 26,000 years later, . . . — Map (db m89376) HM
South Dakota (Fall River County), Oelrichs — OelrichsA South Dakota Centennial Project
The Town of Oelrichs, Dakota Territory, began in 1885. Harry Oelrichs (1856-1902) of New York came in 1882 and bought out several large cattle ranches, totaling 35,000 head of cattle, for the Anglo-American Cattle Company. At this time, . . . — Map (db m89461) HM
South Dakota (Haakon County), Philip — Civilian Conservation Corps Camps
Camps NP-2: 8 miles S of Wall on SD 240. 13 miles W (1 mile W of Sage Creek); and NP-3: 3/4 mile S. of Cedar Pass Visitor Center. Company: 2754 (NP-2) -- 11/1/39 - 10/24/41; (NP-3) -- 10/24.41 - 3/25/42.

The Civilian Conservation Corps was a . . . — Map (db m45287) HM

South Dakota (Haakon County), Philip — Typical Sod House Homesteader
Edgar I. Brown, born in 1854, came here with wife, Alice, and son, Charles, to homestead in the Badlands when he was 55. Their first and only home was a side hill, sod wall, dirt roofed house. About it they built up a humble homestead. Intact today, . . . — Map (db m45288) HM
South Dakota (Hughes County), Pierre — Combat Wounded Veterans
Top Dedicated to all men and women wounded in all our wars.

Front My stone is red for the blood they shed. The medal I bear is my country;s way to show they care if I could be seen by all mankind. Maybe peace will come in my . . . — Map (db m45285) HM

South Dakota (Hughes County), Pierre — Dedicated to You, A Free Citizen in a Free Land
This reproduction of the Liberty Bell was presented to the people of South Dakota by direction of The Honorable John W. Snyder Secretary of the Treasury As the inspirational symbol of the United States Savings Bonds Independence Drive . . . — Map (db m45286) HM
South Dakota (Hughes County), Pierre — Soldiers' & Sailors' World War Memorial
Dedicated to the brave sons of South Dakota who gave their lives to preserve liberty. Anno Domini MCMXXX Map (db m45284) HM
South Dakota (Hughes County), Pierre — South Dakota State Capitol
Choosing South Dakota's capital did not come easily. Elections in 1889, 1890, and 1904 put the capital location to a vote of the people. Pierre won all three elections. Once the site was established, a grand capitol went up. The capitol symbolized . . . — Map (db m44715) HM
South Dakota (Jackson County), Interior — The Badlands Wall
The Badlands Wall constantly retreats north as it erodes and washes into the White River Valley below. The Wall, an intricately carved cliff, divides the upper from the lower prairie.

The wall is more than sixty miles long. It is the geologic . . . — Map (db m45289) HM

South Dakota (Jackson County), Kadoka — Closer than You Imagined
...for years, countless travellers had driven across Interstate 90 in western South Dakota, en route to Mt. Rushmore National Memorial, or Yellowstone National Park,...within sight of nearly a dozen nuclear missile sites.... Tim Pavek, . . . — Map (db m34295) HM
South Dakota (Kingsbury County), Arlington — Arlington Veterans Memorial
In honor and remembrance of the men and women who served their country in time of war and peace. — Map (db m93565) WM
South Dakota (Kingsbury County), Arlington — Brookings County South DakotaYou are about to enter
Home of roving Indians until 1862. The exploring party of Nicollet, scientist, and Fremont, ‘Pathfinder of the West,’ visited Oakwood Lakes July 1838, leaving the first reliable record. The region East of the Big Sioux was ceded by the Santee . . . — Map (db m93520) HM
South Dakota (Kingsbury County), Arlington — Kingsbury County South DakotaYou are about to enter
A region of buffaloes and Indians until 1870s. Indian mounds are found at Spirit Lake. In 1838 the Nicollett-Fremont party skirted the NE corner. In 1857 Inkapaduta’s renegade Indians passed through with two white women captives, victims of the . . . — Map (db m93519) HM
South Dakota (Lake County), Madison — Old Madison – First County Seat3/4 Mile East
Lake County was started October, 1873 when Herman N. Luce and John T. Hare, the first qualified County Commissioners, met at the cabin of William Lee near the site of old Madison, to organize. William Van Eps platted the old town of Madison June . . . — Map (db m93581) HM
South Dakota (Lake County), Ramona — Badus – Pioneer Swiss Colony1/2 Mile West – ¼ Mile South
In 1877 a group of Swiss chose a point on the shore of Lake Badus for a colony. In 1878 Joseph Burkler, his family and some single men, arrived. In 1879 the colony was augmented by 11 other families who came by rail to Luverne, Minnesota and thence . . . — Map (db m93580) HM
South Dakota (Lake County), Ramona — Lake County South DakotaYou are about to enter
So named because of its beautiful lakes. It had been the realm of the Dacotah (Sioux) Indians with few white intruders until ceded by the Yankton tribe in 1858. In 1857 the Nobles Trail was built across its NE corner and that year Mrs. Wm. Marble, a . . . — Map (db m93576) HM
South Dakota (Lake County), Ramona — St. Ann's Catholic Church of Badus
Has been entered in the National Register of Historic Places By the Heritage Service of the United States Department of the Interior Built 1884 — Map (db m93578) HM
South Dakota (Lawrence County), Deadwood — 4 — Bonanza in the Hills
The placer gold in the creeks had been eroded from the surrounding hills. By late 1876, miners began shifting their attentions to the source of the gold by tunneling into the hills. Such hard rock mining used explosives instead of pans and . . . — Map (db m49651) HM
South Dakota (Lawrence County), Deadwood — Chinese Immigrants
Chinese Immigrants came to Deadwood to make their fortune. After burial in Mt. Moriah, with appropriate ceremonies, the remains were removed for reburial in their home village in China. Not more than two bodies remain in the Chinese Section. — Map (db m49688) HM
South Dakota (Lawrence County), Deadwood — 13 — Civic Stability
Deadwood erected two monuments to order and permanence in the early 1900s. The federal building open in 1907, and activities in the county courthouse started the next year.

In its early gold rush days, Deadwood had been a wild, raucous mining . . . — Map (db m49689) HM

South Dakota (Lawrence County), Deadwood — Civilian Conservation Corps Camp
Camp F-6 (Roubaix): 100 yards N of Lake entrance: W of road. Companies: 792--6/3/33-5/15/35: 10/18/35 6/1/40; 10/1/40-10/11/41; 2759V-(Detachment from Park Creek)--5/15/35-10/18/35. The Civilian Conservation Corps was a federal work-relief . . . — Map (db m34248) HM
South Dakota (Lawrence County), Deadwood — Deadwood Changing -- 1884 1902 and Now
Note the sites of the county courthouse, the federal building, the depot, the slime plant, and the school. The buildings on Main Street also changed character. Whitewood Creek was partly channelized in 1884, and is covered by a highway today. — Map (db m36631) HM
South Dakota (Lawrence County), Deadwood — Deadwood City 1876
Thousands of people suddenly burst into Deadwood Gulch in 1876. Some came to try their luck at mining, while others hoped to strike it rich with supply stores, restaurants, and saloons. "Six weeks ago the site of Deadwood City was a heavy . . . — Map (db m36563) HM
South Dakota (Lawrence County), Deadwood — Generations of Change
Within twenty years Deadwood changed from mining camp to prosperous Victorian city. Deadwood survived several floods and fires, each time replacing the destroyed wood-framed buildings with stone and brick. The town acquired some modern . . . — Map (db m36630) HM
South Dakota (Lawrence County), Deadwood — 1 — Gold Discovery in the Great Sioux Reservation
Gold sparkled in the prospector’s pan – the first discovery of the mineral in Deadwood Gulch. Exactly who the prospector was -- or the date and place of the discovery – is open to question. It is generally agreed that the Frank Bryant . . . — Map (db m49648) HM
South Dakota (Lawrence County), Deadwood — 2 — Gold in the Gulch
Placer miners first looked for gold among the gravel and sand in the creek bottoms, such as the one near you. If panning was productive, a group of miners would build a sluice to wash gold from the gravel.

[Illustration captions, left to right:] . . . — Map (db m49649) HM

South Dakota (Lawrence County), Deadwood — Hebrew Hill (Mt. Zion)
Deadwood is recognized as the site of the first organized Jewish Community in South Dakota. The Hebrew Cemetery Association was the first to purchase a section of Mount Moriah Cemetery, August 20, 1896. The section is located higher up on Jerusalem . . . — Map (db m27070) HM
South Dakota (Lawrence County), Deadwood — Historic Facade Replication
A fire in 1982 destroyed the historic Horace Clark and Apex buildings. The facades of the two buildings were replicated in 1997. 1900, Horace Clark Building (left); 1897, Apex Building (right). Owner: Olympic Gaming SD, L.L.C. Replication . . . — Map (db m49665) HM
South Dakota (Lawrence County), Deadwood — James Butler Hickok
Alias "Wild Bill" Born - May 27, 1837 Troy Grove, Illinois Died - August 2, 1876 Deadwood, Dakota Territory Victim of the Assassin Jack McCall — Map (db m45372) HM
South Dakota (Lawrence County), Deadwood — Jewish American Pioneers and Deadwood
Jewish American pioneers significantly contributed to the commercial development and establishment of responsible government in Deadwood. Gritty Jewish Westerners, such as Sol Star, arrived with his business partner Seth Bullock in the midst of the . . . — Map (db m27071) HM
South Dakota (Lawrence County), Deadwood — Martha Jane BurkeAlias "Calamity Jane"
Born - May 1, 1852 Princeton, Missouri Died - August 1, 1903 Terry, South Dakota Her Dying Request "Bury me beside Wild Bill" — Map (db m71412) HM
South Dakota (Lawrence County), Deadwood — Original Site of Saloon No. 10
Site of capture of the assassin Jack McCall who shot "Wild Bill" Hickok Aug 2, 1876 — Map (db m92714) HM
South Dakota (Lawrence County), Deadwood — Preacher Smith of Deadwood Gulch
"Deadwood's Sky Pilot." Henry Weston Smith, was born in Ellington, Connecticut, January 110, 1828. At 23 he became a Methodist exhorter. This led to ordination in the Methodist Episcopal church and he served various communities in New England. In . . . — Map (db m45375) HM
South Dakota (Lawrence County), Deadwood — Riches from Mud
Gold had to be removed from the ore (rock) brought out of the mine. Milling processes crushed the ore to the size of sand. Mercury, cyanide or heat then isolated the gold particles. Deadwood Gulch mill men used several methods, including . . . — Map (db m49650) HM
South Dakota (Lawrence County), Deadwood — Ride High, T.C., Ride High
Travis Calvin Holloway began his career as a professional cowboy in the family's living room near Eagle Butte, South Dakota, where he rode his first bucking horse - his brother Chuck. When Chuck would no longer unseat his younger sibling, their . . . — Map (db m45360) HM
South Dakota (Lawrence County), Deadwood — Second Deadwood Gold Discovery
Near this point in 1875 occurred the second of two initial gold discoveries in the Deadwood area. It was made by the Lardner party of eight prospectors, steered here by John B. Pearson, a man already familiar with Deadwood Gulch. Their "Discovery . . . — Map (db m34830) HM
South Dakota (Lawrence County), Deadwood — Serving the Black Hills
Although Deadwood was in a mining district, it didn't remain a mining town. Instead, it became the service center for the Northern Black Hills. Regional residents came to Deadwood for their legal, financial, wholesale, retail and entertainment . . . — Map (db m36629) HM
South Dakota (Lawrence County), Deadwood — 12 — Sherman Street and the East Side
Deadwood developed along both sides of Whitewood Creek, forming the two main thoroughfares of Main and Sherman Street. In the 1880s the firms on Sherman tended to be small retail and service businesses. With the arrival of the railroads in the . . . — Map (db m49686) HM
South Dakota (Lawrence County), Deadwood — The Badlands
The "badlands," the lower end of Main Street in front of you, earned its reputation through its saloons, brothels, theaters, gambling halls, and opium houses, which provided rowdy entertainment for the largely male population. Out of this district . . . — Map (db m36560) HM
South Dakota (Lawrence County), Deadwood — 10 — The Fire of 1879
In the early morning hours of September 26, 1879, fire broke out at a bakery on Sherman Street. The fire spread quickly to Jensen and Bliss’s Hardware where it met eight kegs of gunpowder. The subsequent explosion caused the fire to sweep quickly . . . — Map (db m49671) HM
South Dakota (Lawrence County), Deadwood — The Franklin’s Fine HomeDeadwood's Jewish American History
Harris Franklin, his wife Anna, and son Nathan arrived in Deadwood, Dakota Territory in 1877. A Jewish immigrant from humble beginnings, Harris Franklin earned his fortune through the wholesale liquor business and gradually diversified into cattle, . . . — Map (db m34144) HM
South Dakota (Lawrence County), Deadwood — 11 — The Great Flood
“Prepare for the worst!” the telephone call from upstream warned. About that time Whitewood Creek, swollen from spring snow and rain, broke over its banks within Deadwood, carving a path of destruction. The creek which now flows under . . . — Map (db m49672) HM
South Dakota (Lawrence County), Deadwood — The Presidential DistrictHistory Link: A Trail to Deadwood's Past
As South Deadwood expanded along Sherman Street in early 1876, log cabins and small frame houses appeared on the hillsides above the mining camp. A cemetery was quickly established on a hill deemed too far away from town to ever be developed. Soon . . . — Map (db m37097) HM
South Dakota (Lawrence County), Deadwood — The Presidential DistrictHistory Link: A Trail to Deadwood’s Past — Deadwood Historic Preservation Commission
As South Deadwood expanded along Sherman Street in early 1876, log cabins and small frame houses appeared on the hillsides above the mining camp. A cemetery was quickly established on a hill deemed too far away from town to ever be developed. Soon . . . — Map (db m49687) HM
South Dakota (Lawrence County), Deadwood — Waite Block Annex1899 — 19 Deadwood Street
Architect O.C. Jewett built the Waite Block Annex as a two-story structure and immediately established his offices on the second floor. In 1901 The Wrought Iron Range Co. moved in to the first floor. A recessed entry between this building and the . . . — Map (db m49664) HM
South Dakota (Lawrence County), Deadwood — Wild Bill
Scout for the Pioneers Scout for the Union Army Marshall for Hay City Dodge City and Abeline Killed in Deadwood August 2, 1876 Buried on Mount Moriah 300 feet above this spot Presented to the City of Deadwood By George R. . . . — Map (db m26251) HM
South Dakota (Lawrence County), Lead — Homestake Open Cut Mine
This is Homestake's Open Cut Mine, one of the best known landmarks in the Black Hills. It is the site of the original discovery in 1876 of the Homestake claim, named for "making a man rich enough to make his home stake (enough money to return home . . . — Map (db m34673) HM
South Dakota (Lawrence County), Lead — The Homestake Gold Mine and Open Cut
The Homestake lode, the basis for the great Homestake Mining Company, was discovered by Moses Manuel, who, with his brother Fred, had come to the Black Hills in 1875. The two brothers, along with Hank Harney, officially located the claim on April 9, . . . — Map (db m34714) HM
South Dakota (Lawrence County), Lead — The Open Cut
The Open Cut was once a solid mountain on which Fred and Moses Manuel with Hank Harney located the original Homestake claim on April 9, 1876. It is estimated that up to 14 different mining companies removed 48 million tons of ore and waste from . . . — Map (db m34674) HM
South Dakota (Lyman County), Presho — 115 — Medicine Creek Rest Area
Flowing just north of here, Medicine Creek runs through the center of Lyman County, emptying into the Missouri River 27 miles (43 kilometers) to the northeast. The place-names of this Central South Dakota area read like an index to early state . . . — Map (db m98113) HM
South Dakota (Marshall County), Lake City — Fort Sisseton
Rebuilt by State of South Dakota and Works Progress Administration WPA Project Number 3384 Nineteen Thirty Nine Centennial Time Capsule In Cement Block, beneath this Marker Placed July 35, 1984 - To be opened at Bicentennial . . . — Map (db m91620) HM
South Dakota (Marshall County), Lake City — Fort Wadsworth 1864Fort Sisseton 1876
Major John Clowney, 30th Wisconsin Infantry with Cos. B. E. G. and K, Captains Burton, Devlin, Swain & Klatt, started the fort on 1 August 1864, pursuant to orders of General John Pope, Department Commander. They were mostly from the north woods and . . . — Map (db m91618) HM
South Dakota (Marshall County), Lake City — Marshall County South DakotaYou Are Entering
The last county organized east of the Missouri, on May 2, 1885; it had been in Sheyenne County 1862; a gigantic Hanson 1870; coincident with Stone 1873; the north half of Day 1879 and was created by the 1885 Legislature and named for Governor . . . — Map (db m91617) HM
South Dakota (McCook County), Salem — Salem Rest Area
South Dakota's rich western heritage has been remembered along the Interstate highway system at safety rest areas and tourist information centers. The eight pillars which thrust skyward here merge in the framework of a tipi, the Plains Indian . . . — Map (db m37138) HM
South Dakota (Meade County), Sturgis — Bear ButteMountain of Plains Indians — Cheyenne (Nowawaste) Sioux (Mato Paha)
This 4,422 foot high volcanic bubble rises 1,200 feet above the plains, a guide for centuries to Indians, fur traders, soldiers, cowboys, and travelers. It was visited or passed by Verendrye, 1743; Lt. G. K. Warren, 1855; Hayden, the scientist and . . . — Map (db m34305) HM
South Dakota (Meade County), Sturgis — Bear Butte (Mato Paha) Indian Camp
This area, extending along Bear Butte Creek, was for centuries a select camp site for the Plains Indians, who found here mountain spring water, wood, protection from the bitter north winds, together with much game and wild fruit in season. Here, or . . . — Map (db m34141) HM
South Dakota (Meade County), Sturgis — Camp J.G. Sturgis / Scooptown
Camp J.G. Sturgis Named for Lt. J.G. Sturgis, killed June 25, 1876 at Battle of Little Big Horn. Established July 1, 1878 in this area by Cos. G.F.I.K., 1st US Infantry; D.G. 11th US Infantry; Hq. & Trs. A.C.D.E.G.I.K.M. 7th US Cavalry; Col. . . . — Map (db m34404) HM
South Dakota (Meade County), Sturgis — Civilian Conservation Corps Camps
Camps D-Army-1 & SCS-6 (Fechner): 1/2 mile S on W edge of Ft. Meade D-Army-1 company: 2758--7/20/34-10/31/35. SCS-6 companies: 2765--10/15/36-5/27/42; 4725V--5/28/42-7/27/42. The Civilian Conservation Corps was a federal work-relief program during . . . — Map (db m34300) HM
South Dakota (Minnehaha), Sioux Falls — The Amidon Affair
The 1862 Sioux Uprising, a result of unjust government treatment, claimed many Indian and non-Indian lives. Near this place on August 25, 1862, two of its victims, Judge Joseph B. Amidon and his son, William, were killed while making hay on their . . . — Map (db m95061) HM
South Dakota (Minnehaha County), Garretson — 1908 Palisades Bridge
In 1908 the Western Bridge and Construction Co. of Omaha, Nebraska, built this Pratt-Through Truss Bridge. Workers fastened beams together with diagonal bracing to create a strong rigid framework. Each beam of a truss bridge shares a portion of the . . . — Map (db m68663) HM
South Dakota (Minnehaha County), Garretson — Garretson
Two events in the 1870s in eastern Minnehaha County, Dakota Territory, provided the stimulus leading to the beginning of the town of Garretson. The first was the founding of the now-vanished village of Palisade, often referred to as Garretson’s . . . — Map (db m69089) HM
South Dakota (Minnehaha County), Humboldt — Hartman, 1899 - 191620 Rods West
Townsite of Hartman was homesteaded in 1878 by John Hartmann, Sr. Town started in January 1899. Hans J. Johnson, Postmaster & General Store; Charles F. Bartling, Creamery; Jarvis W. Phelps, Blacksmith; John and Carl Johnson, Farm Implements; John . . . — Map (db m93588) HM
South Dakota (Minnehaha County), Humboldt — Pumpkin Center
Front On plains where Native Americans once hunted vast herds of buffalo, a country general store called Wellington Corner sprang up at this location in 1921. The first building, which became the ice house, was constructed by Luther and . . . — Map (db m93596) HM
South Dakota (Minnehaha County), Sioux Falls — AAUW Sioux Falls Branch
Side A During most of the 19th century, few women completed high school and only daughters of the privileged or well educated had an opportunity for a higher education. In 1881 seventeen women met in Boston, Massachusetts, to discuss . . . — Map (db m97577) HM
South Dakota (Minnehaha County), Sioux Falls — Battleship XU.S.S. South Dakota
[Marker Front] On June 7, 1941, Vera Bushfield, wife of the governor of South Dakota, smashed a bottle of champagne against the towering bow of a new battleship and proudly proclaimed, “I christen thee South Dakota!” While an . . . — Map (db m40516) HM
South Dakota (Minnehaha County), Sioux Falls — Columbus College
Front Columbus College began in 1909 in Chamberlain. S. Dak., and operated there for 12 years. With the inspiration of Bishop Thomas O'Gorman, the all-male prep school, high school, and college were moved to Sioux Falls and reopened in . . . — Map (db m92174) HM
South Dakota (Minnehaha County), Sioux Falls — Department of Veterans Affairs
Front Near the beginning of the 19th century two wars were fought in two widely separated Spanish possessions. Men from South Dakota were federal combatants in both conflicts. The 1898 Spanish-American War was fought in Cuba, only 90 miles . . . — Map (db m92196) HM
South Dakota (Minnehaha County), Sioux Falls — Frederick Manfred’s “Siouxland”
This spot is near the center of an area called “Siouxland,” so named by writer Frederick F. Manfred (1912–1994). Manfred established a distinct identity for this region, the drainage basin of the Big Sioux River. It includes parts . . . — Map (db m92175) HM
South Dakota (Minnehaha County), Sioux Falls — The Dubuque House
The Dubuque House, Sioux Falls’ first hotel, was built about 350 yards due west of this spot by Wilmot W. Brookings and members of the Western Town Company of Dubuque, Iowa, in September 1857. In the previous year, they had staked out . . . — Map (db m91556) HM
South Dakota (Minnehaha County), Sioux Falls — The Old Yankton Trail and Stage Road
Here is preserved the Old Yankton Trail and Stage Road Over this trail the people of Sioux Falls fled to Yankton under cavalry escort for safety from hostile Sioux Indians, Aug. 28, 1862 — Map (db m97298) HM
South Dakota (Minnehaha County), Valley Springs — Minnehaha County
Side A No one knows when the first people came to live on the land that now comprises Minnehaha County, but native Woodland and Oneota peoples were here over 1000 years ago. The Big Sioux River which flows south through the county, . . . — Map (db m97379) HM
South Dakota (Oglala Lakota County), Wounded Knee — Massacre of Wounded Knee
[Front side]: Dec. 29, 1890, Chief Big Foot, with his Minneconjou and Hunkpapa Sioux Band of 108 warriors, 250 women and children were encamped on this Flat, surrounded by the U.S. 7th Cavalry (470 soldiers) commanded by Col. Forsythe. . . . — Map (db m40643) HM
South Dakota (Pennington County), Ellsworth AFB — Rockwell B-1B "Lancer"South Dakato Air and Space Museum — Ellsworth Air Force Base
The B-1A was initially developed in the 1970s as a replacement for the B-52. Four prototypes of his long –range, high speed strategic bomber were developed and tested but the program was canceled in 1977 before going into production. The B-1B . . . — Map (db m70966) HM WM
South Dakota (Pennington County), Hill City — Civilian Conservation Corps Camp
Camp F-2 (DF-2) Horse Creek: Located 2 miles W on Horse Creek. Companies: 791--5/22/33-4/30/34 2752--7/30/34-10/21/35 2761--10/25/35-01/36 2748--01/36-5/25/36 The Civilian Conservation Corps was a federal relief program during 1933-1942 that . . . — Map (db m34275) HM
South Dakota (Pennington County), Hill City — Hill City
First laid out as a gold camp in February 1876 by Thomas Harvey, John Miller and Hugh McCullough, the rich strikes in the Northern Hills made it a deserted village by May 1876. Its deserted cabins had many transient occupants and the cabin that . . . — Map (db m34250) HM
South Dakota (Pennington County), Hill City — Multiple Purpose Management in Action
This young Ponderosa Pine forest was thinned by the Civilian Conservation Corps in 1935 to improve the growth of the remaining trees[.] The first commercial harvest was made in 1959 when the area was thinned again for posts and poles. From now on a . . . — Map (db m37116) HM
South Dakota (Pennington County), Hill City — Sheridan1875-1942
Sheridan, located 1/2 mile NE, now 30 feet under water, was named for General Philip Sheridan and founded in 1875 on Cheyenne-Deadwood Trail, as Golden, in the belief that fabulous placer gold existed here. Still Indian Country and everybody a . . . — Map (db m34276) HM
South Dakota (Pennington County), Hill City — The Black Hills Central Railroad1880 Train
The Black Hills Central Railroad has been placed on the National Register of Historic Places by the United States Department of the Interior 1893 — Map (db m70976) HM
South Dakota (Pennington County), Interior — Journey to Wounded KneeBadlands National Park
Journey to Wounded Knee-December 24, 1890 a bitter Christmas Eve wind rattled the wagon in which Minneconjou Chief Big Foot lay waiting while his people cleared a pass down the Badlands Wall. Several hours of hard work with axes and spades made the . . . — Map (db m62104) HM
South Dakota (Pennington County), Johnson Siding — Civilian Conservation Corps Camp
Camp F-4: Pactola Campsite inundated by Lake Pactola. Companies: 1789--6/8/33-10/35 2748--5/25/36-1940 The Civilian Conservation Corps was a federal relief program during 1933-1942 that gave jobless men work renovating abused lands. The Army . . . — Map (db m34249) HM
South Dakota (Pennington County), Johnson Siding — Pactola Dam & ReservoirFlood Control, Irrigation & Recreation
Construction of Pactola Dam began in 1952 and was completed in 1956. At times nearly 200 men worked on the dam. Unskilled workers earned $1.25 an hour and skilled workers $2.75 an hour. The men placed 2,163,251 cubic yards of impervious earthfill . . . — Map (db m37064) HM
South Dakota (Pennington County), Johnson Siding — Water for a Thirsty WestThe Rapid Valley Unit & Project
By the mid-20th century, water in the West did more than irrigate 160 acre patches of alfalfa. Water flowed as the life blood of cities, private industries, and military bases. Droughts during the 1930s illustrated that Rapid City could not depend . . . — Map (db m37070) HM
South Dakota (Pennington County), Keystone — (Mount Rushmore) Chronology
1923 • Colossal sculpture in the Black Hills first suggested by Doane Robinson. 1924 • Gutzon Borglum's first visit to the Black Hills. 1927 • Address by President Calvin Coolidge at Mount Rushmore and first actual drilling. 1929 • Senator . . . — Map (db m89492) HM
South Dakota (Pennington County), Keystone — Abraham Lincoln16th President — 1861-1865
Born: February 12, 1809, in a log cabin in Harden (now Larue) County, Kentucky Married: Mary Todd (1818-1882), November 4, 1842 Children: Robert Todd, Edward Baker, William Wallace, and Thomas "Tad" Died: April 15, 1865, Washington, D.C., . . . — Map (db m89398) HM
South Dakota (Pennington County), Keystone — After the Fire
The Galena Fire consumed 16,788 acres, mostly within the borders of Custer State Park. More than $2.1 million was spent fighting the fire, and about $4.4 million worth of timber burned. None of Custer State Park's buildings were damaged, no people . . . — Map (db m45351) HM
South Dakota (Pennington County), Keystone — George Washington1st President — 1789-1797
Born: February 22, 1732, Westmoreland County, Virginia Married: Martha Danbridge Curtis, (1732-1802), January 6, 1759 Children: John and Martha Curtis (adopted) Died: December 14, 1799, at Mount Vernon, Virginia Education: No formal . . . — Map (db m89399) HM
South Dakota (Pennington County), Keystone — Gutzon Borglum(John Gutzon de la Mothe Borglum) — Born March 25, 1867--Died March 6, 1941
His birthplace was Idaho. California first taught him art. Then France, who first gave him fame. England welcomed him. America called him home. His genius for the exquisite as for the colossal, gave permanence on canvas, in bronze, in marble, to . . . — Map (db m49105) HM
South Dakota (Pennington County), Keystone — History of the United States of America
Almighty God, from this pulpit of stone the American people render thanksgiving and praise for the new era of civilization brought forth upon this continent. Centuries of tyrannical oppression sent to these shores, God-fearing men to seek in freedom . . . — Map (db m89493) HM
South Dakota (Pennington County), Keystone — Peter Norbeck
Norbeck Wildlife Preserve Created by Act of Congress, 1949 Peter Norbeck 1870 – 1936 Well driller, Statesman, first native Governor of South Dakota, U.S. Senator, founder of Custer State Park, sponsor of Mount Rushmore . . . — Map (db m4395) HM
South Dakota (Pennington County), Keystone — Rushmore Workers
1927–1941 (list of names) Map (db m2114) HM
South Dakota (Pennington County), Keystone — The Galena Fire Chronology
Contributing Factors For several months prior to the Galena Fire, weather conditions were unusually hot and dry. Average annual precipitation for this region is 18 inches. In the 12 months before the fire only 11 inches fell in the Park.

The . . . — Map (db m45350) HM

South Dakota (Pennington County), Keystone — The Power to Carve a Mountain
Over 450,000 tons of rock were removed from Mount Rushmore to bring out the four presidential faces. Although about 90% of the rock was removed with dynamite, the remaining rock was removed by drilling with jackhammers and wedging the rock off the . . . — Map (db m89491) HM
South Dakota (Pennington County), Keystone — Theodore Roosevelt26th President — 1901-1909
Born: October 27, 1858, New York, New York Married: Alice Hathaway Lee (1861-1884), October 27, 1880; Edith Kermit Carow (1861-1848), December 2, 1886 Children: Alice, Theodore, Jr., Kermit, Ethel, Archibald, Quentin Died: January 6, 1919, . . . — Map (db m89459) HM
South Dakota (Pennington County), Keystone — Wildlife and Fire
It would seem that a large forest fire would destroy an area for wildlife. However, the Galena Fire has improved much of the Park's wildlife habitat. The fire created many open meadows where grasses and shrubs are now growing. The mixture of meadow . . . — Map (db m45352) HM
South Dakota (Pennington County), Scenic — Cliff Shelf Nature Trail
This loop trail rises 300 feet to a dramatic view of the White River Valley. From this elevation you can also see the flat-topped Eagle Butte, 25 miles (40 km) to the south. Humans have used the Cliff Shelf for more than 11,000 years. More than 50 . . . — Map (db m45290) HM
South Dakota (Pennington County), Wall — Born of Volcanos
Thirty-seven million years ago, the ancient crystalline core of the Black Hills had already been exposed by erosion. The long blue profile of those mountains, visible to the west, looked much as it does now. About that time, streams flowing . . . — Map (db m4404) HM
South Dakota (Pennington County), Wall — High Security
The fence in front of you once guarded the Delta-09 Launch Facility which held a Minuteman II intercontinental ballistic missile (ICBM). During the Cold War, anyone or anything that crossed this fence was in serious trouble. Standing orders meant . . . — Map (db m66953) HM
South Dakota (Pennington County), Wall — Jungle on a Seabed
A jungle grew here. Before that, a shallow sea covered the land. Both are gone now, but both left evidence of their passing. The sea's signature is ammonites, baculites, and clams, pearly fossils entombed in a fossil mud called the Pierre . . . — Map (db m4399) HM
South Dakota (Roberts County), Corona — First German Baptist Church
First German Baptist Church of Corona, South Dakota Organized March 14, 1911 Charter Members Enno & Anna Reiter Enoch & Alida Block Anton & Flora Block Reinhold & Grace Koenigsberg William & Louise Schmidt August Loof William & Wilhelmina Sprung . . . — Map (db m90545) HM
South Dakota (Roberts County), New Effington — Glacial Lakes Rest Area
South Dakota's rich western heritage has been remembered along the interstate highway system at safety rest areas and tourist information centers. The eight pillars which thrust skyward here merge in the framework of a tipi, the Plains Indian . . . — Map (db m93243) HM
South Dakota (Roberts County), Ortley — Day County South DakotaYou Are Entering
Created west of the Sisseton Reservation Line, surveyed in 1869; from Greeley (South) and Stone (North) so named in 1873; by the Legislature of 1879; it was named for Merritt H. Day of Turner County, a member. Before that, its area had been in a . . . — Map (db m91412) HM
South Dakota (Roberts County), Ortley — Roberts County South DakotaYou Are Entering
Long the home of Sisseton, Wahpeton & Cuthead Yanktonaise Sioux, it became part of Deuel & Cheyenne Counties in 1862; Deuel extending N to 46th parallel (4 miles N) in 1872. The Reservation extending S to Lake Kampeska in a giant flatiron was . . . — Map (db m91411) HM
South Dakota (Roberts County), Sisseton — Two Brothers
A grove of tall, stately pine trees two miles north of this marker whisper the tale of two Dakota Indian brothers, Clarence and Joseph Grey, who died in an early winter snowstorm in November 1958, while trapping along the coteau. Their bodies were . . . — Map (db m91446) HM
South Dakota (Roberts County), Sisseton — Two Companions
The Dakota winter of 1937 stretched out too long for farm boys Charles Almos and Clayton Week. They lived with their parents on the Coteau des Prairies eight and ten miles west of Sisseton. During their high school years, the boys shared room and . . . — Map (db m91444) HM
South Dakota (Roberts County), Sisseton — Two Sisters
On a pleasant winter day, January 6, 1903, Knut Throndson, an 1892 homesteader from Hellingdal, Norway, decided to visit his closest neighbors, Tobias and Bertha Herigstad, who lived less than a quarter mile east of this spot. Knut's wife, Caroline, . . . — Map (db m91445) HM
South Dakota (Roberts County), Wilmont — Whetstone Valley Rest Area
You are standing on top of the Coteau des Prairies (Hills of the Prairies) overlooking the rich Whetstone Valley. This landscape was carved out some 20,000 years ago by a massive glacier which extended approximately 2,000 feet above where you now . . . — Map (db m91421) HM
South Dakota (Sanborn County), Forestburg — Forestburg Roadside ParkAlong the Old Dacotah Trail
Long before the white man, an Indian Trail from the sanctuary at Pipestone Quarry to the "Three Rivers of the Sioux" near Ft. Thompson passed closely by. The whiteman's first road in Dakota, the Ft. Ridgely & South Pass Wagon Road, forded the James . . . — Map (db m92696) HM
South Dakota (Sanborn County), Forestburg — Ruskin Park1/2 Mile South
Ruskin Park was synonymous with excitement, entertainment and romance from its inception. The area's first pioneers settled along the James River near here in 1873. The Santee and Rodee families homesteaded south of here near a large grove . . . — Map (db m92701) HM
South Dakota (Union County), Elk Point — St. Paul Lutheran ChurchOne and one-fourth miles
Stately church edifices frequently have humble beginnings and so with St. Paul Lutheran Church, one of South Dakota's finest. The humble log church pictured hereon was erected in 1867 by the members of the Norwegian Evangelical Lutheran Congregation . . . — Map (db m92706) HM
South Dakota (Union County), Jefferson — Grasshopper Cross
The Huge wooden cross in the cemetery, replaced the rude one erected on that day in May, 1876, when Father Pierre Boucher led his pilgrimage of Catholic & Protestant marchers back to Jefferson, after an eleven mile trek seeking Divine Intervention . . . — Map (db m92759) HM
South Dakota (Union County), Jefferson — St. Peter's ChurchJefferson
The vicinity of Jefferson, even before the organization of Dakota Territory in 1861, was a French - Canadian community and Catholic services were held sporadically prior to the advent of Father Pierre Boucher in 1867. In 1862 a small log building . . . — Map (db m92762) HM
South Dakota (Union County), Richland — Fort Brule
This granite block erected by the Old Settlers Association of Union County, South Dakota, marks the site of Fort Brule Built in 1862 by soldiers and settlers as protection against renegade and hostile Indians. Abandoned in 1868 Dismantled . . . — Map (db m93600) HM
South Dakota (Union County), Richland — Richland Methodist Episcopal Church1/4 Mile ->
Rev. S.W. Ingham, a travelling Missionary, in 1861 baptized Minnesota Watson, daughter of Thomas and Adeline Watson, who with A.J. Bell and wife were its earliest members in the Brule Creek community. The Indian War of the Outbreak in August 1862 . . . — Map (db m93599) HM
South Dakota (Union County), Spink — St. Mary's Catholic ChurchGarryowen, South Dakota
Front The first parish in Garryowen was organized in 1879. St. Mary's Church and cemetery were located together on five acres of land donated by Patrick Mahan. The church eventually became too small for a growing community and a larger . . . — Map (db m93597) HM
South Dakota (Union County), Vermillion — Homestead Rest Area
The rich farm country of southeast South Dakota lies in the triangle formed as the Missouri River, to the west, and the Big Sioux River, east of here, flow toward their confluence about 37 miles southeast of this point. This was the land that drew . . . — Map (db m92824) HM
South Dakota (Union County), Vermillion — The Great Missouri RiverMissouri National Recreational River
The Missouri, the continent's longest river, figures prominently in the unfolding of America's saga. Flowing nearby in its 2,341 - mile course from the Rocky Mountains to the Mississippi, the Big Muddy is not only loaded with sediment but steeped in . . . — Map (db m92825) HM
South Dakota (Walworth County), Mobridge — Sakakawea
Sakakawea won her place in history as the indomitable guide of Lewis and Clark on their trip to the Pacific in 1805. She was a member of the Shoshoni tribe dwelling near the Big Horn mountains in Montana. In one of the frequent tribal conflicts she . . . — Map (db m90533) HM
South Dakota (Walworth County), Mobridge — Sitting BullTatanka Iyotake — 1834 - 1890
Sitting Bull was born on the Grand River a few miles west of Mobridge. His tragic end came at the very place he was born. He was shot when being arrested because of his alleged involvement with the Ghost Dance craze. Sitting Bull was . . . — Map (db m90537) HM
South Dakota (Walworth County), Selby — Bangor
This monument marks the side of Bangor County seat of Walworth County 1884 -1909 Scranton 1883-1884 Bangor 1884-1904 Selby 1904-1905 Bangor 1905-1909 Selby 1909-1950 — Map (db m44714) HM
South Dakota (Walworth County), Selby — You are now on the 100° Meridian
Historically that meridian is significant. For two generations the Insurance Companies and other worldwide lending agencies would not, as a matter of agreed policy, lend a shiny dime west of this line. There reason was that some geographer had . . . — Map (db m44712) HM
South Dakota (Yankton County), Yankton — Courthouse Memorial
The Yankton County Courthouse stood at this site from 1905 to 2003. The handsome three-story building was dedicated Nov. 1, 1905. Speakers at that event estimated it would have "a long life of 25 years." The building far exceeded those expectations . . . — Map (db m742) HM
South Dakota (Yankton County), Yankton — Pierre Dorion, Sr.
West of this stone near the crest of the hill is the burial site of Pierre Dorion, Sr., an early trader in what is now South Dakota. Born in Canada in 1740, Pierre came to this area around 1774–1775 to trade with the Sioux. He married Holy . . . — Map (db m34829) HM

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