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Vermont Markers
323 markers matched your search criteria. The first 250 markers are listed. Next 73
Vermont (Addison County), Addison — Chimney Point
This strategic point on Lake Champlain was occupied by Native Americans for thousands of years. In 1690 Jacobus deWarm build a small stone fort here. The French build a wooden stockade in 1731, erecting Fort St. Frederic across the lake in 1734. After the 1759 French retreat to Canada, the houses were burned, leaving only the chimneys and the name—Chimney Point. The British built a military road in 1759 to connect Fort No. 4 (Charlestown, NH) to their new fort at Crown Point, NY; the . . . — Map (db m85414) HM
Vermont (Addison County), Addison — DAR John Strong Mansion
General John Strong was a Revolutionary War patriot and a prominent early citizen of Addison County. He served as a judge, state legislator and represented Addison at the State Convention, which adopted the Constitution of the United States and approved admission of Vermont to the Union as the 14th State. Five generations of the Strong family lived in this stately Federal-style home built ca. 1796. The Vermont State Society Daughters of the American Revolution now maintains the home as a . . . — Map (db m85231) HM
Vermont (Addison County), Ferrisburgh — "Rokeby"Home of Rowland E. Robinson Writer of Vermont Folklore
Here in 1833, Rowland E. Robinson was born of Quaker parentage. He became a popular illustrator and interpreter of nature and Yankee dialect. "Rokeby" was a station on the "Underground R.R." Here are the blind author’s memorabilia. Open to the public during summer Map (db m75967) HM
Vermont (Addison County), Middlebury — Birthplace of Ray Fisher
Born in Middlebury on October 4, 1887, Ray Lyle Fisher grew up on farms along Otter Creek and Creek Road. Ray starred in baseball and football at Middlebury High School and Middlebury College before joining the New York Yankees in 1910. He pitched in the major leagues for ten seasons, compiling a 100-94 record and 2.82 ERA. In 1921 Fisher became baseball coach at the University of Michigan, where he coached for 38 seasons and won 15 Big Ten championships. He spent his summers at a camp on Lake . . . — Map (db m75987) HM
Vermont (Addison County), Middlebury — Charter House
In this house, the home of SAMUEL MILLER, ESQ. September 30, 1798 Timothy Dwight, President of Yale College, counseled with Gamaliel Painter and other citizens of Middlebury concerning the founding of Middlebury College. This conference led to the granting of the charter of Middlebury College November 1, 1800 and the appointment of Jeremiah Atwater as the first President — Map (db m76001) HM
Vermont (Addison County), Middlebury — Emma WillardPioneer educator gave women first college training here
Emma Hart came to Middlebury in 1807 to take charge of the Female Academy. After her marriage to Dr. John Willard, the town’s first physician, she gave the earliest collegiate instruction for women in America at a Seminary in her home, during the years 1814-1819. — Map (db m75983) HM
Vermont (Addison County), Middlebury — John DeereInventor of "The Plow that Broke the Plains"
John Deere learned the blacksmith trade here as an apprentice in the shop of Capt. Benjamin Lawrence from 1821 to 1825. The shop was located below this spot on Mill Street, in what is known as "Frog Hollow". In 1836 Deere removed to Grand Detour, Illinois where, in 1837, he built the world's first steel moldboard plow. — Map (db m77845) HM
Vermont (Addison County), Orwell — American Blockhouse – 1777Mount Independence State Historic Site
“I have also provided timber for two Blockhouses.” - Col. Anthony Wayne, February 4, 1777 In the summer and fall of 1776 American forces concentrated on fortifying the northern point of the rocky Mount Independence peninsula, in anticipation of a British advance from Canada. Along the southeast and southern land-locked perimeters soldiers only had the time to construct log and stone breastworks as a first line of defense against the enemy, should the British attempt . . . — Map (db m19321) HM
Vermont (Addison County), Orwell — British Blockhouse - 1777Mount Independence State Historic Site
“Blockhouses, none of them finished.” - Lt. John Starke, Royal Navy, September 1777 After the British captured Mount Independence on July 6, 1777, their military engineers decided to build six new blockhouses to augment American-built defenses on the southeast and southern land exposures in anticipation of potential American attacks. Three were nearly completed. The new British blockhouses supported the log and stone breastworks from 1776, the two blockhouses built . . . — Map (db m19332) HM
Vermont (Addison County), Orwell — Burial SiteMount Independence State Historic Site
“ . . . this Day there was two men Buried from our Regt.” - Lt. Jonathan Burton, October 4, 1776 This small stone, engraved “N. Richardson of Staddard Eng died 1760,” may mark the only identified grave on Mount Independence. Research has yet to discover who Richardson was or solve the mystery of the 1760 date. This was sixteen years before the Northern Department of the American Army began building Mount Independence as a defense against the British in . . . — Map (db m17849) HM
Vermont (Addison County), Orwell — Fort Ticonderoga and Mount DefianceMount Independence State Historic Site
“ . . . a perfect mousetrap.” - Col. Alexander Scammell, September 21, 1777 From here are seen nearly all the powerful forces of nature that made this spot on Lake Champlain the Gibraltar of the North as well as its Achilles heel during the American Revolution. Straight ahead (looking west) is the 853-foot high Mount Defiance. On the other side of it is Lake George. To the north the narrow, quarter-mile wide channel was the perfect place to build artillery batteries to . . . — Map (db m17846) HM
Vermont (Addison County), Orwell — Foundation -1776 or 1777Mount Independence State Historic Site — What do you think? -
This is one of the best-preserved stone foundations on Mount Independence. It was built during the Revolution, but historic maps and documents do not refer to it. Who built it? Did the Americans have time to build it during the two weeks in June 1777 when constructing the three gun batteries of the southern defenses? Was it built by the British and Germans encamped in this area from July to November 1777? What was it used for? The foundation is about 19 feet wide and 31 feet long, with stone . . . — Map (db m19441) HM
Vermont (Addison County), Orwell — General Hospital – 1777Mount Independence State Historic Site
. . . the new Hospital . . . 250 long & 24 wide.” - Rev. Enos Hitchcock, June 14, 1777 This shallow, dry-laid stone foundation was for the largest building at Mount Independence – a 250-foot long by 24-foot wide, two-story, wood frame General Hospital. This boardwalk is nearly as long as the hospital. On February 13, 1777, American Northern Department commander Gen. Philip Schuyler directed Chief Engineer Jeduthan Baldwin to “lose no time in preparing . . . — Map (db m19319) HM
Vermont (Addison County), Orwell — German Hut – 1777Mount Independence State Historic Site
Our men built huts out of boards to protect themselves from the cold weather.” - Lt. Von Hille, October 22, 1777 During the American occupation from July 1776 to July 1777, soldiers constructed a breastwork of logs and stone along the top of the rocky slope here. In June 1777, to further strengthen this land approach, they added three artillery batteries. After the British gained control of Mount Independence and Ticonderoga on July 6, 1777, the garrison of British . . . — Map (db m19436) HM
Vermont (Addison County), Orwell — Heritage Travelers over the Years
Some of the intrenchments are still visible.” – John Disturnell, 1857 After the American Revolution, numerous visitors curious to see the places that figured so prominently in the war for independence visited Mount Independence and recorded their observations. Peter Sally, 1784: “Fort Independence is directly opposite. The Americans in the late war built a bridge across the lake which separates Mount Independence from Ticonderoga. We saw its remains. . . . — Map (db m19501) HM
Vermont (Addison County), Orwell — Lake Champlain and the American RevolutionMount Independence State Historic Site
. . . the possession of every thing here depends upon keeping the Command of the Water.” - Maj. Gen. Horatio Gates, July 16, 1776 In front of you is Lake Champlain, at 120 miles long the sixth largest lake in the United States. For nearly 10,000 years it was a major travel route and resource for the original inhabitants here. The Iroquois called it Caniaderi-Guarunte, meaning “The Door to the Country,” because it penetrated deep into the forests. . . . — Map (db m19440) HM
Vermont (Addison County), Orwell — Military Road
Military Road from Mount Independence to Hubbardton 1777 Marked by Hands Cove Chapter D.A.R. 1933 — Map (db m9234) HM
Vermont (Addison County), Orwell — Mount IndependenceBastion of the Revolution
Fortification was begun in June of 1776, and the name Mount Independence was bestowed following the Declaration of Independence. Lieut. Col. Jeduthan Baldwin was the chief construction engineer. Here the exhausted American Army, Northern Department, was stationed after withdrawing from its disastrous Canadian Campaign. Built on a rocky plateau and stoutly fortified, the post was a natural stronghold facing any approaching foe from the north. Within its rugged confines thousands of New . . . — Map (db m9275) HM
Vermont (Addison County), Orwell — Mt. Independence Military RoadRoute to Hubbardton, 1777
After Ethan Allen seized Fort Ticonderoga, the Americans built Fort Mt. Independence, northwest from here on the Lake. Following Burgoyne’s invasion, Gen. St Clair evacuated the Forts, retreating across these hills to Hubbardton. Vermont Historic Sites Commission Map (db m9232) HM
Vermont (Addison County), Orwell — Officers Quarters – 1776Mount Independence State Historic Site
“ . . . some of the officers have good framed houses.” - Dr. Lewis Beebe, September 30, 1776 This fifteen-foot square, well-defined stone foundation may be the remains of quarters for one or more American officers in the Second Brigade, a unit of regiments from Massachusetts and New Hampshire encamped here the last half of 1776. Many soldiers arriving at Mount Independence after the retreat from Canada had lost their tents. Their first order of business was to clear . . . — Map (db m17863) HM
Vermont (Addison County), Orwell — Southern Battery – 1777Mount Independence State Historic Site
began the works at 3 places on Mount Independence.” - Col. Jeduthan Baldwin, June 20, 1777 On June, 1777, American Chief Engineer Jeduthan Baldwin wrote in his journal, “in the afternoon went with Col. Kosiusko to advise what works had best be done on the mount.” “Kosiusko” was classically trained Polish engineer Thaddeus Kosciuszko, Gen. Horatio Gates assigned him to survey the fortifications at Mount Independence and Fort . . . — Map (db m19437) HM
Vermont (Addison County), Orwell — Southern Defense Trail
This walkway is a loop approximately 0.2 mile long with stairs and gentle slopes. It leads you past the remains of a blockhouse (near the parking area), provides a look at the Mount’s rock formations, and provides a vista of the lake south of the Mount. A spur from this walkway leads down to the M/V Carillon boat dock. The theme of the walkway, southern defenses, represents British rather than American concerns here at Mount Independence. Although a dock for supply ships was located a . . . — Map (db m19536) HM
Vermont (Addison County), Orwell — Storehouse - 1776Mount Independence State Historic Site
ordered a large Stoer House to be built.” - Col. Jeduthan Baldwin, August 17, 1776 At least one of the storehouses constructed on Mount Independence during the Revolution stood in this area. Portions of the remaining stone foundations are discernable to the left, although the many outcroppings of bedrock and ledges make it difficult to distinguish between natural and man-made formations. The success of large defensive outposts such as Mount Independence, located . . . — Map (db m19366) HM
Vermont (Addison County), Orwell — The American Southern Defenses – 1776-1777
we are Building a Large & Long Breast work on the South Side.” - Pvt. Thomas Killam, August 19, 1776 When the American Northern Army arrived at Ticonderoga in mid-July 1776, the 300-acre peninsula opposite on the Vermont shore was a rugged land mass ideal for adaptation as a major fortification. What would soon be named Mount Independence faced north, toward the enemy, with water surrounding it on three sides and rugged cliffs and steep rock-strewn slopes on the . . . — Map (db m19543) HM
Vermont (Addison County), Orwell — Third Brigade Encampment – 1776Mount Independence State Historic Site
. . . our Men is clearing the Encamping Ground over the Lake.” - Sgt. Timothy Tuttle, July 23, 1776 In July 1776 Northern Army commander Gen. Horatio Gates organized regiments at Mount Independence and Ticonderoga into four brigades. Each brigade averaged four regiments, with 1,000 men in a full strength regiment. Three brigades were on the Mount: the First where the star or picket fort would be built, the Second in the area of the future General Hospital, and the . . . — Map (db m19318) HM
Vermont (Addison County), Orwell — To Repel the Enemy
The Generals have Fix’d on a spot . . . to be fortified.” - Lt. Col. Matthias Ogden, July 19, 1776 On July 5, 1777, Thomas Anburey, who was traveling with British Lt. Gen. John Burgoyne on Lake Champlain, observed as they approached Mount Independence and Fort Ticonderoga that “the Americans have employed their utmost industry where they are in the greatest force, upon Mount Independence, which is extremely lofty and circular.” Thanks to . . . — Map (db m19480) HM
Vermont (Addison County), Panton — Benedict Arnold
Near this spot on the afternoon of October 13, 1776 in the first important naval engagement of the War for Independence BENEDICT ARNOLDafter a battle in which he had displayed great boldness, gallantry and sagacity ran ashore and burned the remnants of the American squadron under his command as the only alternative to its surrender to a British fleet much stronger than his own. "Never had any force big or small, lived to better purpose or died more gloriously" - A.T. Mahan — Map (db m76010) HM WM
Vermont (Addison County), Ripton — Robert Frost1874 - 1963
A distinguished American poet by recognition and a Vermonter by preference, Robert Frost was Poet Laureate of Vermont and for many years “First Citizen” of the Town of Ripton. He was long associated with the Middlebury College School of English and its Writers’ Conference. “Breathes there a bard who isn’t moved When he finds his verse is understood And not entirely disapproved By his Country and his Neighbourhood?” — Robert Frost, 1961 — Map (db m37171) HM
Vermont (Addison County), Shoreham — Larrabee’s Point
John Larrabee established the first regular ferry here under a grant from the Vermont Legislature when the only business at the site was his tavern. In 1823, the year that the Champlain Canal opened, Larrabee and Samuel Holley built a store and a warehouse. A lively trade with the inland towns soon supported three stores, all supplied directly from Troy or Albany. Among the goods exported to the world from Larrabee’s Point, Merino sheep commanded the highest prices. Shoreham farmers bred some . . . — Map (db m15580) HM
Vermont (Addison County), Shoreham — Shoreham Covered Railroad Bridge
This Howe truss Railroad Bridge is one of only two covered railroad bridges left in Vermont. It was built in 1897 on the 15.6 mile Addison Branch connecting the Rutland Railroad at Leicester Junction with the Delaware and Hudson at Ticonderoga, New York, crossing Lake Champlain on a floating bridge at Larrabee's Point. This bridge was last used for rail traffic in 1951. — Map (db m85416) HM
Vermont (Addison County), Vergennes — Commerce at the Crossroads
Intersection of Rivers and Roads Imagine traveling hundreds of miles in an ox-drawn wagon along muddy, rock-strewn, deeply rutted roads through the wilderness. In search of new homesteads, early settlers followed the same routes you took to get to Vergennes. Old stage roads, now US Route 7 and Vermont Route 22A, merged on Main Street. In addition, Otter Creek was a main travel route in the 1800s, as the basin below the falls grew into one of nearby Lake Champlain's busiest ports. . . . — Map (db m89157) HM
Vermont (Addison County), Vergennes — Early Life Along Otter Creek in Vergennes
The Wilderness Shhh. Imagine Otter Creek 300 years ago when it was pristine wilderness. The river teems with fish, herons, ducks and other waterfowl. Deer and moose tracks dot the river's edge. Downed trees, trampled shrubs, and mounds of mud, branches and twigs are the work of industrious beavers. Sleek river otters glide gracefully through the water. Otters were so plentiful that the Native Peoples named this river Wanakake-took, Otter River.

Lifeblood of Native Peoples The . . . — Map (db m89155) HM

Vermont (Addison County), Vergennes — Macdonough Shipyard
Below the Otter Creek Falls was the site of Thomas Macdonough's shipyard, where the U.S.S. Saratoga was built in 40 days and other ships launched that defeated the British at the Battle of Plattsburgh, 1814. — Map (db m75977) HM WM
Vermont (Addison County), Vergennes — The Vergennes Pump House"People of Vergennes at the mercy of the flames" — -H.C. Johnson, Editor, Vergennes Vermonter, October 18, 1867
In Need of Water Fire was the scourge of downtowns all across America in the nineteenth century. Buildings were destroyed by fire time and time again. Water often had to be transported from nearby rivers. Firefighting efforts were frequently in vain as fires were doused by hand-held buckets and hand pumps.

A City Waterworks In 1868, Vergennes took its first steps to construct a city waterworks for fire protection by installing three turbine-powered water pumps at the base of . . . — Map (db m89159) HM

Vermont (Addison County), Weybridge — Silas Wright1795-1847
Born at Amherst, Mass., Silas Wright came to Weybridge as an infant and grew up here. Graduated from Middlebury College in 1815, he studied Law at Sandy Hill, N.Y.; began Law practice at Canton, N.Y. in 1819, and entered politics there. A Brigadier General by 1824, he was State Senator, 1825-1827; U.S. Congressman, 1827-29; Comptroller, 1829-33; U.S. Senator, 1833-44; and Governor of New York, 1845-47. In 1844, General Wright had declined the Democratic Party nomination for U.S. . . . — Map (db m77967) HM
Vermont (Addison County), Weybridge — The U.S. Government Morgan Horse Farm
The U.S. Government established a Morgan horse breeding program in 1905 at the University of Vermont to study and refine the Morgan horse as a superior cavalry mount. That program moved here in 1907 when Joseph Battell donated this farm to the U.S. Government and the U.S. Government Morgan Horse Farm was created. In 1951 the University of Vermont assumed ownership. Joseph Battell, a devoted Morgan horse breeder, researched the history of the breed and published Vol. I of the first American . . . — Map (db m77965) HM
Vermont (Bennington County), Arlington — Chittenden Home
Oldest frame building one block east, built by Jehiel Hawley, 1764, was home of Thomas Chittenden, Vermont’s first Governor. Legend says the western vista, with its great pine, became the State Seal in 1779. Ethan and Ira Allen lived nearby. — Map (db m78249) HM
Vermont (Bennington County), Arlington — Dorothy Canfield Fisher(1879-1958)
Known for her depiction of rural life in Vermont, Fisher was a popular novelist and proponent of education. She introduced the Montessori teaching method to American readers and helped found the Adult Education Association in the U.S. Born in Lawrence, Kansas, she received a Ph.D. from Columbia University and lived most of her life in Arlington at the Canfield family home. After publication of The Brimming Cup in 1921, Fisher became one of the nation’s most popular novelists. She served . . . — Map (db m78248) HM
Vermont (Bennington County), Arlington — State Seal Pine Tree
This ancient tree was already a monarch of the forest in 1778. Visible then from the Arlington home of Thomas Chittenden, first Governor of Vermont, it is believed to have inspired Ira Allen in designing Vermont's Great Seal. Note a similarity between the tree and its stylized portrayal in Seal atop this marker. — Map (db m90228) HM
Vermont (Bennington County), Bennington — Ethan Allen
A few feet south from this stone stood the house in which Ethan Allen lived while he was a resident of Bennington 1769-1775 — Map (db m61279) HM
Vermont (Bennington County), Bennington — Park-McCullough House
Built as a summer cottage in 1865 for lawyer-entrepreneur-philanthropist Trenor Park and his wife Laura, the mansion was financed with a fortune amassed in California in the aftermath of the California Gold Rush. It was designed by the New York architectural firm of Diaper and Dudley and is considered one of the finest and best-preserved Victorian houses and one of the earliest French Second Empire residences in the U.S. In 1891 President Benjamin Harrison was a guest here during the . . . — Map (db m94423) HM
Vermont (Bennington County), Bennington — The "Corkscrew" Railroad
When wealthy North Bennington resident Trenor Park purchased the Bennington-Rutland Railroad, he found that the railroad "barons" of the Troy and Boston Railroad refused him access to the New York lines. Rather than fight this monopoly, Park built a rail line from Bennington to Lebanon Spring, NY, where he could transfer his trains to southbound rails while bypassing Troy. The dozens of turns over 40 miles of hilly terrain gave this stretch of railroad the name "Corkscrew." Passenger service . . . — Map (db m36902) HM
Vermont (Bennington County), Bennington — Vermont -- Molly Stark Trail and Historic Old Bennington
State Highway 9 traverses scenic Hogback Mt. to the Connecticut River Valley. Old Bennington, site of the Battle Monument and Historical Museum, was the meeting place of the Green Mountain Boys. It was the first town chartered by Governor Benning Wentworth of N.H. in 1749. — Map (db m94427) HM
Vermont (Bennington County), Bennington — Vermont is a State I Love
The text of this marker found on both sides of this plaque. “I could not look upon the peaks of Ascutney, Eillington, Mansfield, and Equinox without being moved in a way that no other scene could move me. It was here that I first saw the light of day; here i received my bride; here my dead lie pillowed on the loving breast of our everlasting hills. I love Vermont because of her hills and valleys, her scenery and invigorating climate, but most of all, because of her indomitable . . . — Map (db m77057) HM
Vermont (Bennington County), Bennington — Vermont's Colonial ShrineVermont Legislature Joint Resolution December 11, 1935
Whereas, the Old First Church of Bennington was organized December 3, 1762, and is the Oldest Church within the present limits of Vermont; and Whereas, our forefathers met in Prayer in the First Meeting House for assistance against the oppressive measures of New York and the overwhelming power of King George, and to the First Meeting House returned from the capture of Fort Ticonderoga, the Battle of Bennington, the surrender of Burgoyne to offer up their Thanksgiving; and . . . — Map (db m28223) HM
Vermont (Bennington County), Bennington — William Lloyd Garrison
Fifty feet west of this spot WILLIAM LLOYD GARRISON edited the Journal of the Times October 3, 1828 – March 27, 1829 Hither came Benjamin Lundy December 6, 1828 to enlist him in the cause of the slave. Garrison departed hence to lift up in Baltimore the banner of immediate emancipation. — Map (db m90235) HM
Vermont (Bennington County), Dorset — Birthplace of William Griffith Wilson, 1895-1971: Co-founder of Alcoholics Anonymous
Bill Wilson was born November 26, 1895, in a room behind the bar at the Wilson House Hotel. From age 11 until entering the Army, he lived at the Griffith House across the church yard from his birthplace. Bill W. wrote the book "Alcoholics Anonymous" which contains the 12-step recovery program for alcoholics. Through this program, a multitude of lives have been saved. Other programs, based on the original 12 steps, exist worldwide for healing individuals and families. — Map (db m94430) HM
Vermont (Bennington County), Dorset — DorsetHere New Hampshire Grants First Voted Independence
At Cephas Kent’s Tavern on the West Road, four Conventions were held, 1775-76, where finally the vote to form a "separate District" was passed by the delegates from the East and West sides without one dissenting vote. westerly 1½ mi. Map (db m78213) HM
Vermont (Bennington County), Dorset — Fenton Pottery Site1801-1810
Jonathon Fenton established a pottery and kiln near this site in 1801. He first made redware from clay found along the banks of the Mettowee River. He then became the first potter in Vermont to make salt-glazed stoneware. In 1810 he moved his pottery to East Dorset. His two sons, Richard Lucas Fenton and Christopher Webber Fenton, also became stoneware potters of note, working in East Dorset and later with the Norton family in Bennington. — Map (db m78224) HM
Vermont (Bennington County), Dorset — First Marble QuarryOldest Quarry in U.S., 1785
Here, near Mt. Aeolus, Isaac Underhill opened the first marble quarry in 1785. Dorset quarries were most active in early 1800's when small slabs were used for hearths, doorsills and headstones. With better transportation and saws, larger blocks were quarried. — Map (db m78226) HM
Vermont (Bennington County), Dorset — The Dorset Field ClubOldest Continually Operated Golf Course in the United States
Marker Front: On September 12, 1886 a group of golfers, principally from Troy and New York City, who summered in Dorset, laid out a nine hole golf course, then known as The Dorset Golf Links on this present site. The Club's first president and principal architect was A. W. Harrington, Jr. The other founding members were: Allen Bourne, Richard M. Campbell, James C. Chapin, Ransom H. Gillett, Joe H. Harrington, George B. Harrison, Fred S. Hawley, S. Frank Holley, W. E. Kent, Edwin Q. . . . — Map (db m77585) HM
Vermont (Bennington County), East Rupert — Harmon's Mint
On the site at Hagar Brook stood the small clapboarded mint-house in which Reuben Harmon, Jr. coined copper for the Republic of Vermont, 1785-1788. When the Federal Government was instituted in 1789, Vermont abandoned minting. This rare currency of the Republic of Vermont known as the Harmon Cent may be seen in Museums today. — Map (db m73639) HM
Vermont (Bennington County), Manchester — Lincoln’s HildeneSummer Home of Son of Civil War President
Eastward on the hillside can be seen the Manchester estate of Robert Todd Lincoln, eldest son of President Abraham Lincoln and Mary Todd Lincoln. He became fond of Vermont, and for over twenty years made this his summer home. He died here July 25, 1926. Vermont Historic Site Commission Map (db m20783) HM
Vermont (Bennington County), Manchester — The Revolutionary War
Ethan Allen crossed Lake Champlain to capture Fort Ticonderoga on May 10, 1775 for "America's First Victory." Allen's expedition passed through here on May 5, 1775. Nathan Beman from Manchester guided the expedition into the fort; John Roberts of Manchester was the head of the expedition's largest immediate family. In 1777, after evacuating Ft. Ti and Mount Independence, Gen. Arthur St. Clair traveled to the Saratoga area via Manchester. The first meetings of the Council of Safety (Vermont's . . . — Map (db m78237) HM
Vermont (Bennington County), Manchester — The Southern Vermont Arts Center
Begun in the 1920s as an informal artists' group for the exhibition of painting and sculpture, the Southern Vermont Arts Center has grown to become a leading Vermont institution devoted to performance, exhibition and studio art. It acquired the current site, the former Gertrude Divine Webster estate, in 1950. By 2000 a music pavilion, studios and museum expanded its role in the local and regional community. Hundreds of artists show and perform annually, and thousands attend programs, . . . — Map (db m78227) HM
Vermont (Bennington County), North Bennington — Home Where Lt .Colonel Baum Died
A few feet east of this marker stood the house, removed about 1870, in which Lieutenant Colonel Friedrich Baum died. Commander of the enemy forces, he was mortally wounded in the battle of Bennington and died two days later, August 18,1777. He was buried on the north bank of the Walloomsac River, west of this site, the precise spot not now known. — Map (db m58451) HM
Vermont (Bennington County), Old Bennington — Anthony Haswell1756 - 1816
Editor and publisher the Vermont Gazette Bennington Uncompromising in defense of freedom of the press Imprisoned in 1800 for opposition to Alien and Sedition Laws as threats to the newborn democracy Erected in 1912 On site of first printing press of Vermont Gazette Sigma Delta Chi National Professional Journalistic Fraternity — Map (db m77021) HM
Vermont (Bennington County), Old Bennington — Battle of Bennington
The Expedition led by Lieut. Col. Baum Sent to Seize Military Stores here, was Defeated by Volunteer Amer- ican Militia Forces from New Hampshire, Massachusetts and Vermont, Commanded by General John Stark, Aided By Colonels Warner and Herrick, of Vermont, Symonds, of Massachusetts, and Nichols of New Hampshire. [Reverse Side of Marker]: Monument Erected 1887-1891 Commemorates the Battle of Bennington, August 16, 1777. Height 301 Feet. The . . . — Map (db m13649) HM
Vermont (Bennington County), Old Bennington — Before the Battle Monument
was built there was no circular road on this hill top. The original road from Williamstown, Mass. came through Pownal, Vt. to Bennington, and continued straight through the village, over this hill north towards Shaftsbury. All of the buildings within the new circular road constructed around the Battle Monument were removed They included a carpenter shop, the Vermont Gazette Building (home of Vermont’s first newspaper), a book binder’s shop, a cabinet maker’s shop, a general store, the . . . — Map (db m77051) HM
Vermont (Bennington County), Old Bennington — Bennington Battle Monument
On August 16, 1777, British forces sent by Gen'l Burgoyne to seize supplies at Bennington were turned back by New Englanders under Gen'l John Stark and Vermont's Col. Seth Warner. This 306 foot commemorative shaft planned 100 years later, was dedicated in 1891. In 1953 it was taken over, restored and an elevator installed by the Vermont Historic Sites Commission which now administers it for the State. — Map (db m13600) HM
Vermont (Bennington County), Old Bennington — Birthplace of Vermont
Near this site stood the homestead of Lieut. James Breakenridge after years of peaceable possession his farm was claimed by New York land speculators - A sheriff and over three hundred men came from Albany to evict him from his home - Aided by men from Bennington a brave defense was made without bloodshed, proving to be a Declaration of Independence of the State of Vermont - July 19th 1771 - The home of four generations was destroyed by fire 1889 — Map (db m77019) HM
Vermont (Bennington County), Old Bennington — Captain Samuel Robinson
Near this spot in 1761 Captain Samuel Robinson the pioneer settler of Bennington, the first magistrate in what is now Vermont, and during his lifetime, the acknowledged leader of the settlers of the town built his first log cabin. Captain Robinson was born in 1705, at Cambridge, Mass. came to Bennington in 1761 after much service in the frontier wars. He was a the head of his company in the Battle of Lake George. He died in London, England, October 27, 1767, while on a mission to . . . — Map (db m77052) HM
Vermont (Bennington County), Old Bennington — Colonel Seth Warner
The Warner monument has text on the four sides of the base Born in Roxbury (then Woodbury) C.T. May 17, 1743 Resided in Bennington VT. 1765-1784 Died Dec. 26, 1784 at Roxbury CT Where he was buried with Honors of War Age 41 “Tell future ages what a hero’s done” This memorial erected by Colonel Olin Scott Bennington, A.D. 1910 Right side Commander of the Green Mountain Boys in Battles at Breakenridge Farms, July and Oct. 1771 Otter . . . — Map (db m77023) HM
Vermont (Bennington County), Old Bennington — Continental Storehouse Site
On this site stood the Continental Storehouse Object of the British attack that was repulsed by the Colonial Forces at the Battle of Bennington August 16, 1777 — Map (db m14828) HM
Vermont (Bennington County), Old Bennington — Henry Covered Bridgeacross the Walloomsac River
This quiet spot was once a major river crossing. Traffic between southwestern Vermont and New York State crossed here, until the railroad was built in 1852, troops marched from Manchester, Vermont to the Battle of Bennington in 1777, and teams and stages transported freight and passenger. The original Henry Covered Bridge was built c. 1840. In the 1860s and ‘70s, heavy wagon loads of iron ore were hauled over the bridge from the Burden Iron Company mine on Orebed Road to its washing works on . . . — Map (db m77062) HM
Vermont (Bennington County), Old Bennington — New Hampshire at the Battle of Bennington
Erected in honor of Brigadier General John Stark and the 1400 New Hampshire men who came to the defense of Vermont in August 1777. Assembling at Fort Number Four in Charleston, New Hampshire, Stark and his troops crossed the Green Mountains to aid in the defense of the newly-established State of Vermont. As the commander in chief of all the American forces from New Hampshire, Vermont, Massachusetts and New York, General Stark had approximately 2000 men in all in the first phase of the battle. . . . — Map (db m77022) HM
Vermont (Bennington County), Old Bennington — Site of the Catamount Tavern - 1767
The Catamount Tavern, which was built in 1767, was originally named the Green Mountain Tavern. The Council of Safety and the “Green Mountain Boys” met here from 1767 to 1775. On May 9, 1775, Ethan Allen and 270 men, 40 whom were “Green Mountain Boys”, captured Fort Ticonderoga from the British. The Catamount Tavern burned down in 1871. The first Post Office was located south of the Catamount Tavern until the building was moved to East Bennington by several yoke of oxen. — Map (db m77053) HM
Vermont (Bennington County), Pownal — Early Eighteenth Century Settlement
This site commemorates the gateway of Vermont’s earliest Dutch settlement, the Rensselaerwyck Manor settlement. The Diel Homestead, built by Bastion Diel in the early 1700s, is considered the second earliest dwelling in Pownal. The property’s large Dutch barn still stands across this historic roadway, today’s Route 346, which passes through Massachusetts, Vermont and New York. Bastion’s grandson, Mikel Diel, also lived here, was a Green Mountain Boy under Colonel Seth Warner, and fought at the Battle of Bennington August 16, 1777. — Map (db m78254) HM
Vermont (Bennington County), Pownal — PownalTwo Presidents Taught Here
Here two Presidents taught school at the beginning of their careers. Chester A. Arthur, a graduate of Union College, educated Pownal youth in 1851. Later while an undergraduate at Williams College, James A. Garfield did likewise. When Garfield was assassinated in 1881, Arthur succeeded him as President. — Map (db m78255) HM
Vermont (Bennington County), Rupert — Lt. Col. Robert CochranRevolutionary Hero Settled Here, 1769
Condemned to death by the N.Y. Assembly, Col. Cochran fought the Yorkers for Vermont land grants. Joining the Green Mt. Boys, he was with Ethan Allen at Ticonderoga and Seth Warner at Crown Point. Later he commanded Continental forces in the Mohawk Valley campaigns and undertook dangerous espionage duties in Canada for the American cause. — Map (db m77947) HM
Vermont (Bennington County), Shaftsbury — Governor Jonas Galusha Homestead
Jonas Galusha, born in Norwich, CT in 1753, moved his family to Shaftsbury in 1775. During the Revolutionary War he served with Seth Warner's Green Mountain Boys and was at the Battle of Hubbardton and a Captain during the Battle of Bennington. A blacksmith, innkeeper, carpenter and politician, he became the 5th Governor of Vermont and was re-elected for 9 terms from 1809 - 1819. His wife, Mary, was daughter of Gov. Thomas Chittenden. Gov. Jonas Galusha died in 1834 and is buried nearby in the . . . — Map (db m27799) HM
Vermont (Bennington County), Shaftsbury — ShaftsburyThe Birthplace, 1805, of Jacob Merritt Howard
Moving west, Howard became Senator from Michigan, & wrote resolutions adopted by Convention at Jackson, July 6, 1854, on which The Republican Party was founded. He was also the sole author of the 13th Amendment to the Constitution. His birthplace stands about 2 miles to the east. — Map (db m90226) HM
Vermont (Bennington County), Sunderland — SunderlandAllen families lived here
Ira Allen lived on this site by the Batten Kill and as Treasurer and Surveyor-General his "Office" helped shape the destiny of the Republic of Vermont. Here Ethan's family lived; here he dictated his freethinking "Oracles of Reason" in 1782. To his bride, his second wife, he presented the first copy. — Map (db m78238) HM
Vermont (Bennington County), Windhall — Scott Nearing & Helen Knothe Nearing
Scott Nearing: August 6, 1883 - August 24, 1983 Helen Knothe Nearing: February 23, 1904 - September 17, 1995 Prominent economist, socialist, teacher, writer and scholar, Scott and his wife Helen Knothe, lived in Winhall from 1932 to 1952. During the Great Depression they moved from New York City to begin a new life in Vermont. Here in their homestead, named "Forest Farm", they chose to live "the Good Life," a title of one of their many books. They built their handcrafted stone houses, . . . — Map (db m94426) HM
Vermont (Caledonia County), Barnet — Henry Stevens / Henry Stevens, Jr.
Born in Barnet on December 13, 1791, and educated at Peacham Academy, Henry Stevens was at various times a farmer, innkeeper, mill owner, legislator, postmaster, temperance leader, stage line proprietor, and operator of the Passumpsic Turnpike. A dedicated antiquarian who assembled Vermont's first great collection of historical materials, in 1838 he became a founder and the first president of the Vermont Historical Society. Stevens died on July 30, 1867, and is buried in the Stevens Cemetery. . . . — Map (db m77691) HM
Vermont (Caledonia County), Barnet — The Comerford Development at Fifteen Mile Falls
{Front side} The Connecticut River, starting at the International Boundary, flows 380 miles to the Atlantic Ocean. In its course the river falls 1640 feet. In 1928, the New England Power Association started a two-year project to build one of the largest hydro-electric developments in the country. The dam is located in the towns of Monroe, NH and Barnet, VT and is 275 miles above the river's mouth. When dedicated on September 30, 1930 President Herbert Hoover pressed a button at the . . . — Map (db m74467) HM
Vermont (Caledonia County), Danville — Greenbank's HollowA Forgotten Village
On this site, in 1849, Benjamin Greenbank converted an existing small mill into a 5-story woolen factory. As many as 45 people worked here to produce up to 700 yards of cloth a day. Greenbank's Hollow, as it became known, included a company store, gristmill, sawmill, school, and several residences nearly all owned by Greenbank.

On December 14, 1885, a fire at the mill quickly spread and destroyed the village including the covered bridge. Greenbank did not rebuild and today only the . . . — Map (db m61392) HM

Vermont (Caledonia County), Danville — Thaddeus Stevens
Born crippled and poor in Danville in 1792, Stevens was schooled by his mother, Sally Morrill Stevens, and at nearby Caledonia County Grammar School, graduating from Dartmouth College in 1814. He became a brilliant lawyer, committed to racial equality. As an abolitionist Congressman from his adopted state of Pennsylvania and as Chair of the House Ways & Means Committee, he worked to finance the Civil War. He is recognized as the father of the 14th and 15th Amendments to the U.S. Constitution . . . — Map (db m20664) HM
Vermont (Caledonia County), East Burke — Mountain View Farm
This farm was established in 1883 by Elmer A. Darling (1848-1931), a native of East Burke who became part owner/manager of the world famous Fifth Avenue Hotel in New York City. After the hotel closed in 1908, Mr. Darling retired to the life of a gentleman farmer and raised prize-winning Morgan horses and Jersey cattle. The farm also produced the choice "Darling" brand of cheeses and butter. At its zenith, his prosperous Mountain View Farm included Burke Mountain and extended over 7,000 acres. . . . — Map (db m75981) HM
Vermont (Caledonia County), Lyndon Center — Vail Campus
Dedicated to the memory of Theodore Newton Vail (1848–1920), president of the American Telephone and Telegraph Company, a most generous benefactor of Lyndon Institute and Vail Agricultural School – one who had faith in the young people of this area and a firm belief in both the practical and liberal arts in education. — Map (db m87926) HM
Vermont (Caledonia County), Lyndonville — Theodore N. VailPioneer in Creating the Telephone Industry
bought a farmhouse on this site in 1883. Continually enlarged by Vail, it became his permanent residence and office. Conferences held here culminated in the creation of the American Telephone and Telegraph Company with Vail its president, who proceeded to develop the world’s first mass communication system. — Map (db m75108) HM
Vermont (Caledonia County), Peacham — Caledonia County Grammar School
Caledonia County was set out from Orange County in 1792. Peacham chose to provide a County grammar school rather than a courthouse. The Caledonia County Grammar School (Peacham Academy) was chartered in 1795, the third County grammar school in Vermont. Classes commenced in 1797. Thaddeus Stevens, abolitionist and Pennsylvania Representative to the US Congress, and George B.M. Harvey, Ambassador to Great Britain, were among the notable persons educated here. Over 3000 students from Peacham and . . . — Map (db m77694) HM
Vermont (Caledonia County), Ryegate — James Whitehill Stone House1808
In the style of a Scottish stone croft (farmhouse), this house was erected by James Whitehill, a prosperous farmer and one of a large number of immigrants from Inchinnan Parish, Scotland, who settled Ryegate under the sponsorship of the Scotch American Company of Farmers. He purchased 600 acres, known as the Witherspoon Tract, from James Witherspoon, a signer of the Declaration of Independence who owned the entire township. Whitehill was a founder of the Ryegate Reformed Presbyterian Church. . . . — Map (db m77692) HM
Vermont (Caledonia County), Saint Johnsbury — First American Platform Scale
After experimenting with new types of farm equipment, plows and stoves, Thaddeus Fairbanks invented the platform scale here in 1830. With his brothers Erastus and Joseph, he founded the company which still bears their name. Many St. Johnsbury public institutions were gifts of this talented family. — Map (db m77603) HM
Vermont (Caledonia County), Saint Johnsbury — St. Johnsbury Trade School
Vermont's first and for many years only four year vocational school opened on Western Avenue on September 3, 1918. Needing skilled workers during World War I, Fairbanks, Morse & Co. started an all-day co-operative school where young men could learn a skilled trade, earn money and obtain a high-school education. The original building, known as the Casino, was partially remodeled in 1919 and completely remodeled in 1927. The first out-of-town students arrived for vocational training in 1927. The . . . — Map (db m77584) HM
Vermont (Caledonia County), St Johnsbury — First American Platform Scale
After experimenting with new types of farm equipment, plows, and stoves, Thaddeus Fairbanks invented the platform scale here in 1830. With his brothers Erastus and Joseph, he founded the company which still bears their name. Many St. Johnsbury public institutions were gifts of this talented family. — Map (db m74468) HM
Vermont (Caledonia County), St Johnsbury — Northeastern Speedway
Opened on July 18, 1959 as Vermont’s first organized auto racing track under the guidance of the Northeastern Racing Association, the State’s first motor sports sanctioning body. By instituting formal point and purse structures and focusing on driver and spectator safety, these pioneers laid the groundwork for a sport that continues to thrive today. — Map (db m65865) HM
Vermont (Caledonia County), Wheelock — WheelockThe Dartmouth College Land Grant
When Eleazer Wheelock founded Dartmouth in 1769, he sought land grants to support the new college. In 1785 the Vermont legislature chartered and named a town of 23,000 acres for Wheelock. In the early 1800's substantial support for financially impoverished Dartmouth came from this one grant, a gift of Vermont. — Map (db m87807) HM
Vermont (Chittenden County), Burlington — 2nd Vermont Volunteer Infantry Regiment
On June 24, 1861, the first Vermont soldiers who enlisted for service in the Civil War for three years left Burlington for Washington by rail. Four days earlier, the 866 officers and men from across the state had been mustered into the Union Army under Colonel Henry Whiting at the county fairgrounds. Company G was recruited mainly in Chittenden County. By autumn, the 2nd Vermont had been joined in the war zone by the 3rd through 6th Vermont. These five regiments were then formed into the . . . — Map (db m75584) HM
Vermont (Chittenden County), Burlington — Athletic Park
Located on the streetcar line between Burlington and Winooski, Athletic Park was the home of the University of Vermont's baseball and football teams and track-and-field events from 1887 until Centennial Field opened in 1906. It was also where Burlington's baseball team in the first Northern League played from 1901 to 1906. Among the baseball players who graced its diamond were future major leaguers Bert Abbey, Arlie Pond, Ed Reulbach, Jean Dubuc, Ray Collins, Larry Gardner and Eddie Collins, . . . — Map (db m75483) HM
Vermont (Chittenden County), Burlington — Battery ParkScene of British Attack in War of 1812
Here in June 1813, a Vermonter, Lieut. Churchill, and men built a parapet and set up a battery. On Aug. 3 a British gunboat and 2 sloops, 1½ miles offshore, began a cannonade. This attack was repulsed in 20 minutes by the American Battery and by 2 of Commodore Macdonough's armed scows. — Map (db m75582) HM
Vermont (Chittenden County), Burlington — Burial Place of General Ethan AllenBorn 1738 – Died 1789
The mortal remains of Ethan Allen, Vermont leader, fighter, writer and philosopher, lie in this cemetery beneath the marble statue, but his spirit is in Vermont now. — Map (db m51646) HM
Vermont (Chittenden County), Burlington — Burlington Civil War Memorial1907
Erected by Stannard Womans Relief Corps in Memory of Our Soldiers and Sailor Dead 1861-1865 — Map (db m89144) WM
Vermont (Chittenden County), Burlington — Captain John Lonergan1837 - 1902 — Hero of Gettysburg
In this park on July 22, 1863, Vermont's only ethnic Civil War unit was welcomed home from the battle of Gettysburg. Lonergan commanded Co. A, 13th VT Regiment - the Irish Company - and he received the Medal of Honor for gallantry in the battle. The five VT regiments on 9-months duty formed the 2nd VT Brigade on October 27, 1862. In late June of 1863, the brigade marched from Union Mills, VA. to Gettysburg in six days. On July 2, 1863, the Irish Company helped recapture four cannons and took . . . — Map (db m88639) HM
Vermont (Chittenden County), Burlington — Celebrating ChamplainParades and Pagentry
In July 1609, Samuel de Champlain became the first European to set eyes on Lake Champlain. Three hundred years later, in July of 1909, communities around Lake Champlain celebrated the tercentenial of Champlain's expedition. Burlington marked the event in grand style. President Taft arrived on the steamship Ticonderoga and spoke to a crowd of tens of thousands at City Hall Park. Weeklong festivities included a parade, semi-pro baseball game, sailing regatta, motorboat race, fireworks, and . . . — Map (db m91649) HM
Vermont (Chittenden County), Burlington — Centennial Field
Named to commemorate the 100th anniversary of the University of Vermont’s first graduating class, Centennial Field has been the home of UVM athletics since 1906. The three ballparks that have stood on this site have hosted semi-professional and minor league, as well as exhibitions by visiting Major League and Negro League ballclubs. The current grandstand, constructed in 1922, is one of the oldest still in use. Among the outstanding players who have graced Centennial’s diamond are Larry . . . — Map (db m23429) HM
Vermont (Chittenden County), Burlington — Chittenden County Trust Company1931
This Beaux Arts-style building, with its symmetrical marble facades, prominent cornices, sculptural ancient Greek and Roman details, and arched windows and doors, was designed by famed Boston architects Harper & West at the request of the Chittenden County Trust Company in 1931. A massive fire on 1928 destroyed the former Y.M.C.A and McAuliffe Paper Company building, which allowed for the site to become the new headquarters for the growing bank. This iconic building, whose monumental marble . . . — Map (db m93055) HM
Vermont (Chittenden County), Burlington — Church Street — Burlington, VT
Had you stood at this location in the early 1800s, you would have had to lift your skirt off the dirt lane to step up onto the plank sidewalk or guard your hat from the danger of low wooden canopies. Pedestrians competed with horse and carriage on this “road to the brick church” at the top of Church Street, as residents used to call it. Laid out as part of a 1797 grid plan, Church Street was among Burlington’s first north-south corridors. The street, anchored on the north by . . . — Map (db m23579) HM
Vermont (Chittenden County), Burlington — Church Street Marketplace
In 1962 architecture student Bill Truex experienced the transformation of Stroget, Copenhagen's main shopping area from traffic-snarled nightmare to successful pedestrian mall. Seven years later, while on the Burlington Planning Commission, Truex enlisted support from Pat Robins of the Street Commission and together they promoted turning Church Street into a pedestrian district. U.S. Senator Patrick Leahy and his chief of staff, Paul Bruhn, secured a federal grant and Burlington voters, with . . . — Map (db m89110) HM
Vermont (Chittenden County), Burlington — Church Street Marketplace
In 1962 architecture student Bill Truex experienced the transformation of Stroget, Copenhagen's main shopping area from traffic-snarled nightmare to successful pedestrian mall. Seven years later, while on the Burlington Planning Commission, Truex enlisted support from Pat Robins of the Street Commission and together they promoted turning Church Street into a pedestrian district. U.S. Senator Patrick Leahy and his chief of staff, Paul Bruhn, secured a federal grant and Burlington voters, with . . . — Map (db m89112) HM
Vermont (Chittenden County), Burlington — City Hall Park — Burlington, VT
In 1797, a city planned grid system was laid out for Burlington, incorporating the few transportation routes that existed, including King, Pearl, Church and Battery Streets. At the city’s center, space was reserved for a park (now City Hall Park) and courthouse. First known as Courthouse Square, the park became a focal point in the early 1800s attracting hotels, taverns, and offices in the early 1800s. The buildings bordering the park tell the story of the city’s growth from a frontier . . . — Map (db m23580) HM
Vermont (Chittenden County), Burlington — Ethan AllenPark is Site of Farm Owned by Hero of Ticonderoga
Putting behind him the martial deeds of a hero, Ethan came here in 1787 to till the soil as a peaceful farmer. On Feb. 12, 1789, he died here after a trip across the ice to South Hero. Memorial Tower was built on Indian Rock, traditional Algonquin look-out. — Map (db m75585) HM
Vermont (Chittenden County), Burlington — Ethan Allen Park - Wilderness in the City
A century ago, most of this area was rural, but people were beginning to build houses here. William Van Patten owned many acres of land locally, and he wanted a park in this new neighborhood. He got on his old horse, Mattie, and let her find easy trails to the rocky hilltop, above. Van Patten built a gazebo on the pinnacle and opened the park to the public in 1905. Centuries before, native Abenaki villagers used the same hilltop to watch for approaching friends and enemies. Climb Ethan Allen . . . — Map (db m89149) HM
Vermont (Chittenden County), Burlington — General William Wells / Dr. H. Nelson Jackson(1837-1892) / (1872-1955)
General William Wells (1837-1892) In 1861 William Wells joined the First Vermont Cavalry as a Private and rose to the rank of Brevet Major-General. Promoted more times than any other Vermonter during the American Civil War, he participated in over 70 cavalry battles and skirmishes. For “conspicuous gallantry” at Gettysburg, Wells was awarded the Congressional Medal of Honor. This French Second Empire mansion was built for General Wells in 1877 by A. B. Fisher from a drawing in . . . — Map (db m75549) HM
Vermont (Chittenden County), Burlington — Grace Goodhue Coolidge
On Oct. 4, 1905, at 2:30 p.m. in front of the bay window in the parlor of this house, Grace Goodhue married Calvin Coolidge of Plymouth Notch, VT. Calvin Coolidge became President of the United States and Grace served as First Lady from 1923-1929. Built in 1899, the house at 312 Maple Street was the family home of Capt. Andrew Goodhue, his wife Lemira, and their only child Grace Anna. Capt. Goodhue was federal steamboat inspector for the Lake Champlain Transport Co. The Goodhue family moved . . . — Map (db m75591) HM
Vermont (Chittenden County), Burlington — Howard William Plant memorial
Dedicated to the memory of HOWARD WILLIAM PLANT Born July 25, 1900 Enlisted in U.S. Navy June 8, 1916 Wireless operator U.S. Destroyer Jacob Jones Torpedoed at sea December 6, 1917 First Burlington boy to die in the World War — Map (db m75563) WM
Vermont (Chittenden County), Burlington — John DeweyPhilosopher and Pioneer in Modern Education
Born here on Oct. 20, 1859, John Dewey attended local schools and in 1879 graduated from the University of Vermont. Dewey was world-renowned as a philosopher and author of many books. Ideas drawn from his educational doctrines profoundly influenced American education. John Dewey died June 1, 1952; his ashes are buried near Ira Allen Chapel at UVM. — Map (db m75558) HM
Vermont (Chittenden County), Burlington — Little Italy
Beginning in the early 1900s, the area directly to the east housed numerous emigrants. Many moved here from Italy with hopes to build better lives. Some worked in the lumber mills and railroad yards that bordered the lake. In the process, they created a community of over 140 homes, lush gardens, thriving businesses, community social centers, and Catholic schools and churches. In the 1960s this area became the center of Vermont's largest urban renewal project. The final home was razed in 1968. . . . — Map (db m75562) HM
Vermont (Chittenden County), Burlington — Mary Martha Fletcher(1830-1885)
Mary Fletcher, born in Jericho, Vt., moved here with her family at age 20. Following her father’s death, the family established Fletcher Free Library (1873). Mary Fletcher continued her parents’ benefactions. She founded Mary Fletcher Hospital (1879), the first general hospital in Vermont, and Training School for Nurses (1882). Mary Fletcher Hospital later became Fletcher Allen Health Care, Vermont’s academic health center. Mary herself suffered ill health and lived simply and privately. She . . . — Map (db m75501) HM
Vermont (Chittenden County), Burlington — Quadricentennial CelebrationBurlington's International Waterfront Festival
During July 2009, the City of Burlington staged a 13-day International Waterfront Festival to celebrate the 400th anniversary of Samuel de Champlain's bold expedition into the lake that today bears his name. The festival included artists, diplomats, and cultural activists from Quebec, France, and the Abenaki, Mohawk, Iroquois, and Huron nations. The Burlington International Waterfront Festival featured more than 100 Champlain-themed theater preformances, concerts, food events, film screenings, . . . — Map (db m91614) HM
Vermont (Chittenden County), Burlington — Samuel de Champlain1570-1635
Founder of New France. Dedicated July 2, 2009 in celebration of the 400th anniversary of his trip down the lake in the summer of 1609. Champlain College is forever grateful to Trustee Emeritus and friend John W. Heisse Jr., M.D. for commissioning this statue. — Map (db m87969)
Vermont (Chittenden County), Burlington — Site of the American House1808 - 1893
Site of the American House 1808-1893 Presidents Monroe, Van Buren, Pierce, Grant Generals Scott, Wool, Hampton Henry Clay, and other famous famous people entertained here. — Map (db m21813) HM
Vermont (Chittenden County), Burlington — Site of the Old Gas Station
Original home of Ben & Jerry's Ice Cream Founded May 5, 1978 Placed in commemoration of their Tenth Anniversary Celebration June 4, 1988 — Map (db m89108) HM
Vermont (Chittenden County), Burlington — The Battery
The battery of thirteen guns on this ground repulsed an attack of three British gunboats June 13 1813 It was the defense of Burlington and of the United States Army here encamped during the war of 1812 This tablet was erected by the Green Mountain Chapter, Daughters of the American Revolution — Map (db m75564) HM WM
Vermont (Chittenden County), Burlington — Vermont / Steamer "Vermont"
Vermont Major Cross-State Route to the Connecticut River From this point, where the Winans launched their steamer "Vermont" in 1808, travelers drive eastward on Route US 2, cutting through the Green Mountain Range at Bolton to the Capitol at Montpelier, to Barre - granite center of the world - and to St. Johnsbury, maple sugar city. Steamer "Vermont" Launched here in 1808 John and James Winans built here the second successful steamboat to operate commercially, only two years after . . . — Map (db m75561) HM
Vermont (Chittenden County), Burlington — William Wells
Brevet Major General U.S. Vols. 1837-1892 First Lieut. Co. C 1st Vermont Cavalry Oct. 14 1861 Captain Co. C Nov. 18 1861 Major Dec. 30 1862 Colonel July 2 1864 Brevet Brigadier General U.S. Vols. Feb. 22 1865 Brevet Major General U.S. Vols. "For gallant and meritorious services" March 13 1865 Brigadier General U.S. Vols. May 19 1865 Honorably mustered out Jan. 15 1866 Twice wounded and once a prisoner Awarded medal of honor for "Most distinguished gallantry at . . . — Map (db m75579) HM WM
Vermont (Chittenden County), Charlotte — The Charlotte WhaleThe Vermont State Fossil
In 1849 an 11,000 year old Beluga Whale was found north of this site in what had been the Champlain Sea. Resident J.G. Thorp collected the bones, and naturalist Zadock Thompson assembled the skeleton now displayed in the Perkins Museum of Geology at UVM. — Map (db m75963) HM
Vermont (Chittenden County), Colchester — ColchesterThe Early Years
By 1763, the English had driven the French armies from Canada making the Champlain Valley safe for settlement. In the same year, King George III chartered Colchester Township on the Onion River - now known as the Winooski. In 1773, Ira Allen's Onion River Land Company bought much of the Onion's north bank from the royal grantees. Ira, land speculator and settler, made his home in Colchester. During the Revolutionary War Allen was active in the movement to win statehood for Vermont. Congress . . . — Map (db m86658) HM
Vermont (Chittenden County), Colchester — Colchester Log Schoolhouse
In 1810, Vermont State Law required towns to raise a minimum of 1 cent on the dollar in property taxes for support of town schools. The one room schoolhouse before you was built between 1815 and 1827 to serve students on the area once known as South Beach or District #4. Attendence varied based on the season and for example would drop during planting or harvesting time as children were needed to help on the family farm. In 1833 there were 41 pupils between the ages of 4 and 18 enrolled in this . . . — Map (db m88739) HM
Vermont (Chittenden County), Colchester — Ray W. Collins
A descendant of one of Burlington’s original settlers, Ray Williston Collins was born on this farm on February 11, 1887. After graduating from Burlington High School and the University of Vermont, Collins joined the Boston Red Sox in 1909 and soon established himself as one of the best left-handed pitchers in the American League. In 1913-14 he won a combined 39 games for the Red Sox, and his lifetime ERA is an impressive 2.51. When his career was cut short by an injury in 1915, Collins . . . — Map (db m86646) HM
Vermont (Chittenden County), Essex Junction — There's Only One Essex Junction
There is Only One Essex Junction What's in a Name? This village was originally known as Hubbel's Falls after an early settler who built a mill in Essex on the Winooski River. During the autumn of 1849 the Vermont Central's owner, Charles Paine, (who had served briefly as Governor of Vermont from 1841-1843) built the railroad line through Essex and his conductors referred to the station stop as Painesville. In 1851, the Vermont & Canada (V&C) Railroad completed tracks from . . . — Map (db m92207) HM
Vermont (Chittenden County), Hinesburg — Early Black Settlers
(side 1) On this hill from 1795 to 1865 thrived an African American farming community. The first settlers at the bottom of this road in 1798, from MA, were Samuel Peters, Hannah Lensemen & husband Prince Peters. Prince served in Captain Silas Pierce's MA Line (8th Co, 3rd MA Regiment) for 3 years during the American Revolution. Samuel Peters, 2nd volunteered at the Battle of Plattsburgh during the War of 1812. This pioneering community at the bottom of the hill, at least six related . . . — Map (db m86659) HM
Vermont (Chittenden County), Jericho — "Snowflake" BentleyJericho's world famous snowflake authority
For fifty years Wilson A. Bentley, a farmer and self taught scientist, developed his technique of photomicrography to reveal to the world the grandeur and mystery of the snowflake — its universal hexagonal shape and its infinite number of lovely designs. — Map (db m74314) HM
Vermont (Chittenden County), Milton — Historic Lake Islands - Samuel De Champlain
These islands were first seen by a European in 1609, when Samuel De Champlain explored the Lake which bears his name and claimed them for the King of France. Ceded in 1763 to Britain, they became part of the Royal Colony of New York. After 1776, several American Revolutionary heroes received Land Grants here, and two islands were so named. In 1783 this area joined the Free and Independent Republic of Vermont. Here is history and legend of the famous Allen family, the Green Mountain Boys, Rogers’ Rangers and many others. — Map (db m74516) HM
Vermont (Chittenden County), Richmond — A Tribute to the Cochran Family of Richmond, VT
A skiing family....whose combined efforts as members of U.S. ski teams in Olympic and world competition have brought fame and recognition to themselves, their nation and to this Vermont ...Community Gold Medal Winner Barbara Cochran 1972....Olympics — Map (db m76392) HM
Vermont (Chittenden County), Richmond — Edmunds' BirthplaceSite of Homestead of Lawyer and Statesman
George F. Edmunds, one of this nation’s foremost legislators, was born on this farm, Feb. 1, 1828. After serving at Montpelier as Speaker, he represented Vermont in Washington as Senator for 25 years, and presided over the Senate when Arthur was President. — Map (db m86661) HM
Vermont (Chittenden County), Richmond — Huntington Gorge / Deaths at the Huntington GorgeSite of Richmond’s first grist mill and electric generating plant
Huntington Gorge By 1802, John Preston had built a grist mill here at Richmond’s best water-power site. It was operated continuously for a century, last of all by the Robinson family. The Richmond Light and Power Co. converted the mill in 1903 to generate the village’s first electricity. Other 19th-century mills here included cider, wool carding and cloth dressing, woodturning, and underclothing. Deaths at the Huntington GorgeEighteen people drowned here between 1950 and 1994. Most . . . — Map (db m86802) HM
Vermont (Chittenden County), Richmond — Richmond, Vermont
Richmond sits along a natural east-west corridor, the Winooski River. The Abenaki used this corridor for 10,000 to 12,000 years. Archaeologists have established a fall hunting site used around 1500 AD at the mouth of the Huntington River. Richmond was created by an Act of the Vermont Legislature on October 2y7, 1794 from parts of the towns of New Huntington, Williston & Jericho. A small section of Bolton was annexed on October 25, 1804. The first businesses in town were located near this . . . — Map (db m76389) HM
Vermont (Chittenden County), Richmond — Richmond's Fallen Son
10th Mountain Division Richmond's Fallen Son PFC Adam J. Muller US Army Gunner HHC, 1st BSTB -Team Iroquois Killed serving our country in Iraq 11/5/07 — Map (db m76391) HM
Vermont (Chittenden County), Richmond — The Citizens of Richmond
In Memoriam erected by The Citizens of Richmond in honor of her patriotic men and women who served their country in the World War 1917 - 1919 — Map (db m76390) WM
Vermont (Chittenden County), Richmond — The Round Church
This 16-sided church, Richmond's first meeting house, was built by a group led by William Rhodes in 1812-12 on land donated by Issac Gleason & Thomas Whitcomb. The first Proprietors were members of five denominations: Baptist, Christian, Congregational, Methodist & Universalist. Richmond Town Meetings were held here for 160 years, until 1973, when it was closed due to structural problems an for restoration. Maintained by the Richmond Historical Society, and staffed by volunteers, this National . . . — Map (db m76387) HM
Vermont (Chittenden County), Winooski — Fort Frederick
Near this site in 1773 the first settlers Ira Allen and his uncle Remember Baker built of hewed timbers the block house called Fort Frederick as a protection from Indians and Yorkers It had 32 port holes and in it were held the meetings of the Proprietors of Burlington between June 6, 1774 and May 1, 1775 Ira Allen being clerk Later Allen’s house, with a large garden stood a few roads northeast of here and in it was held the first session of County Court, November, 1785 Below the . . . — Map (db m79911) HM
Vermont (Chittenden County), Winooski — Native Americans and Winooski
Imagine a time machine taking us back to this spot 500 years ago. We would see a deep, rocky waterfall now hidden under the ponded area behind the Winooski One hydroelectric dam, an extensive forest of small pine trees and small fields of corn, squash and tobacco. Closer examination would reveal traces of smoke rising from the simple wooden huts of a band of Western Abenakis. In the Spring and Summer Abenakis farmed on the rich soil of the Intervale, both above and below the falls, and fished . . . — Map (db m89141) HM
Vermont (Essex County), Concord — 1st Normal SchoolPioneer in Teacher Training
The first recognized school for the purpose of training teachers was conducted near here by the Rev. Samuel Read Hall, 1823-25. Practice teaching was employed, with lectures on Schoolkeeping, which became in 1829, the first professional book for teachers. 2.4 miles south at Concord Corners. — Map (db m74469) HM
Vermont (Essex County), East Concord — George Lansing FoxOne of the 4 Dorchester Chaplains
Called from his Gilman parish to serve as a Chaplain in World War II, First Lieutenant Fox died when the Dorchester was torpedoed in the North Atlantic. Giving his life jacket to a soldier, he perished with three other chaplains, in one of the most heroic acts of the War. — Map (db m77604) HM
Vermont (Essex County), Granby — Rogers' Rangers Cemetery1759
This stone cairn marks the graves of two Rogers' Rangers who died during the French and Indian War. Their gruesome deaths were recorded in the diary of Lieutenant George Campbell: "(Sergeant) Lewis had told me that his party had shot a Moose near a River but it disappear'd in ye woods & they were to weak to track it, except 3 rangers who came upon ye Moose being attack'd by wolves who turn'd on ye 3 Rangers & kill'd one of them & mortally wd. Ye other 2 who crawled to Lewis where they died." . . . — Map (db m75587) HM
Vermont (Essex County), Guildhall — VermontMajor cross-state route
U.S. 2 is the major highway between the Atlantic and Lake Champlain. It leads through St. Johnsbury, the maple sugar center, down the Winooski River to Montpelier, through the tallest mountains at Bolton Gorge to Lake Champlain at Burlington, University center and the state’s largest city. — Map (db m77605) HM
Vermont (Essex County), Island Pond — Island Pond
Pioneer Railroad Planner John A. Poor’s dream of an International Railway connecting Montreal, Canada with the Ice-free harbor of Portland, Maine became a reality on July 18, 1853, when the first through trains met at this great halfway point on the Grand Trunk Railway. — Map (db m75118) HM
Vermont (Franklin County), Enosburg Falls — Birthplace of Larry Gardner
Larry Gardner was born in the house at 14 School Street on May 13, 1886. After leading Enosburg Falls High School to the 1905 state baseball championship and starring at the University of Vermont for three seasons, Gardner joined the Boston Red Sox in 1908. One of the premier third baseman of his era, Gardner played seventeen seasons in the major leagues, participating in four World Series before retiring in 1924. In 1973 the Society for American Baseball Research chose Gardner as Vermont’s greatest baseball player. — Map (db m77847) HM
Vermont (Franklin County), Fairfield — Chester A. ArthurBirthplace of 21st President
Although the exact location is debated, Chester A. Arthur was born on Oct. 5, 1829 in Fairfield. He became a New York lawyer and politician and was elected Vice-President in 1880. Upon the assasination of James Garfield, Arthur became president on Sept. 20, 1881. His administration was distinguished by the creation of the U.S. Civil Service, better relations with Central and South America, and the revival of the U.S. Navy. Arthur died Nov. 18, 1886. The State-Owned Historic Site is 5 miles northwest from here. — Map (db m36935) HM
Vermont (Franklin County), Fairfield — Chester A. Arthur21st President of the United States
Research indicates Chester Alan Arthur was born in Fairfield, Vermont, on October 5, 1829. When he was less than a year old his parents moved to a new parsonage built at this site. After graduating Phi Beta Kappa from Union College, he became a lawyer championing civil rights for blacks. Later, as Quartermaster General, he organized the provision of food & supplies to Union Civil War soldiers. On September 19, 1881, Arthur became president following the assassination of James Garfield. As . . . — Map (db m36936) HM
Vermont (Franklin County), Fairfield — Consuelo Northrop Bailey
Side A Born in Fairfield in 1899 at her family farm, Consuelo Northrop attended grade school in Sheldon and high school in St. Albans. In 1921 she graduated from the University of Vermont. Later she entered Boston University Law School, graduating in 1925. In 1940 she married Henry Albon Bailey. Consuelo Bailey was the "first" in many areas: first woman city prosecutor for Burlington, first woman lawyer in VT to try a murder case, first VT woman to be admitted to practice law before the . . . — Map (db m65132) HM
Vermont (Franklin County), Highgate Center — Saxe's Mills
Here in 1786 John Saxe, (Johannes Sachse) a Loyalist from Rhinebeck, N.Y, built the area's first gristmill. His sons added a sawmill, potashery, general store, post office, and tavern. They incorporated the town of Highgate in this house in 1805, and served in numerous offices; Matthew as Highgate's first elected Town Clerk, Conrad as Captain of the militia during the War of 1812, and Peter as member of the Vermont General Assembly and Franklin County Judge.   Peter's son, John Godfrey Saxe, . . . — Map (db m74652) HM
Vermont (Franklin County), Sheldon — Colonel Elisha Sheldon1741-1805
In 1776, at the request of General Washington, Elisha Sheldon was commissioned by Congress to raise a regiment of cavalry. Named the 2nd Continental Light Dragoons, the unit served with distinction throughout the Revolutionary War. In 1791, Colonel Sheldon, his sons Major Samuel, Elisha, Jr., and George, and their families came, with other families, from Connecticut as first settlers of this town. The town was originally chartered as Hungerford but the name was changed to Sheldon in 1792. The . . . — Map (db m43774) HM
Vermont (Franklin County), Sheldon — Sheldon, VermontSite of Civil War Action — October 19, 1864
On their retreat to Canada after an attack on St. Albans, a 22-man Confederate detachment rode into Sheldon near dark. Crossing a covered bridge which stood on the site, they set it on fire, but alert village citizens saved the bridge. In great haste to escape an aroused countryside, the invaders gave up a planned foray on the local bank. — Map (db m76883) HM
Vermont (Franklin County), Sheldon Junction — Fenian RaidsAttempted Canadian Invasion North of Here — 1866 and 1870
After Civil War, two attempts of Irish patriots to invade Canada and set up a free Irish republic were repulsed between Franklin and Cook's Corners. Fenians gathered in St. Albans, marched via Sheldon to the border but were stopped by Canadian arms and U.S. authorities. — Map (db m74434) HM
Vermont (Franklin County), St. Albans — Camp Holbrook
This site, the former Henry Seymour farm, became a Civil War camp named in honor of Vermont’s second Civil War Governor, Frederick Holbrook. Over 1000 men of the 5th Vermont Volunteer Infantry Regiment camped on this land and were mustered in to Federal service for three years on Sept. 16, 1861. A week later they marched 1½ miles to the St. Albans train station and departed for Washington, D.C. In the late winter and early spring of 1865, Camp Holbrook was again the site of military . . . — Map (db m86591) HM
Vermont (Franklin County), St. Albans — St. Albans Raid
The Civil War entered Vermont, October 19, 1864, when 22 Confederates spread terror from the north, robbed three banks and shot up the town. Stealing horses, they fled back into Canada. There, after trial, they were freed and the banks partially reimbursed. — Map (db m61958) HM
Vermont (Franklin County), Swanton — Missisquoi Village and MissionSwanton / Highgate
The ancient Missisquoi / Mazipskoik Abenaki village was the region's focal point into the 1760's. In 1744, Jesuits built a cabin which served into the 1790's as the first longterm Christian mission in Vermont. Speculators took much of the Abenaki land by 1798, but the Abenaki Nation of Missisquoi survived. In the 1860's, Swanton historian John Perry lamented the hasty destruction of the old village noting its antiquity and great importance to all. Nearby, the Abenakis live quietly to this day. — Map (db m44655) HM
Vermont (Grand Isle County), Alburgh — Historic Lake Islands - Samuel De Champlain
These islands were first seen by a European in 1609, when Samuel de Champlain explored the Lake which bears his name and claimed them for the King of France. Ceded in 1763 to Britain, they became part of the Royal Colony of New York. After 1776, several American Revolutionary heroes received Land Grants here and two islands were so named. In 1783, the area joined the Free and Independent Republic of Vermont. Here is history and legend of the famous Allen family, the Green Mountain Boys, Rogers Rangers, and many others. — Map (db m75482) HM
Vermont (Grand Isle County), Alburgh — Missile Site
First Intercontinental Ballistic Missile Site east of the Mississippi River. Built 1960 - 1962 by the U.S. Air Force. — Map (db m75481) HM
Vermont (Grand Isle County), Alburgh — The Bohannon SiteA Native American Village
{Front side} In 2007, archaeologists completed investigations discovering a pre-Contact village occupied sometime between A.D. 1400-1600. Evidence of longhouses, and cooking and food processing, provide clues about the villagers' lives. Thousands of artifacts, including fragments of decorated pottery jars and smoking pipes, testify to their artistic skills. The remains of maize (corn) and bone from fish, frog, turtle, birds and mammals, ranging in size from squirrel to black bear, . . . — Map (db m74725) HM
Vermont (Grand Isle County), Grand Isle — Hyde Log CabinBuilt circa 1783
This pioneer log cabin was one of the first buildings constructed in this area. Built from cedar logs by Jedediah Hyde, Jr., an engineer and veteran of the Revolutionary War, it was the home of the Hyde family for over 150 years. The cabin has one large room, heated by a stone fireplace, and a loft above. Many believe this is the oldest log cabin in the United States. The cabin was moved two miles to this location in 1946 by the Vermont Historical Society and restored in 1956 and in 1985. The . . . — Map (db m75485) HM
Vermont (Grand Isle County), Isle La Motte — A Place Of Pilgrimage
Many centuries before Samuel de Champlain's July 1609 landfall, Isle La Mottte had been a meeting place for the lake's neighboring native peoples. The Wonbanakiak on the eastern shore called the land Bitawbagw, or "the waters between," while the Iroquois (Mohawk) of the western shore knew it as Caniaderiguarunte, the "gateway to the country."

In 1666, French captain Pierre de Saint Paul, Sieur de la Motte, was detailed with 300 men to construct a fort on this site, for defense against the . . . — Map (db m49374) HM

Vermont (Grand Isle County), Isle La Motte — Samuel de Champlain Monument
Created in the Vermont Pavilion during the Universal and International Exposition of 1967 at Montreal, Canada. Presented to the Town of Isle La Motte by the State of Vermont. Dedicated on July 7, 1968. — Map (db m74722) HM
Vermont (Grand Isle County), Isle La Motte — Site of French Fort Ste. AnneVermont's oldest settlement
On this shore was the site of Fort Ste. Anne built in 1666 by Capt. Pierre La Motte for defense against the Mohawks. The Jesuits celebrated the first Mass and erected the first Chapel. Though not permanent, this was Vermont's first white settlement. — Map (db m74721) HM
Vermont (Grand Isle County), Isle La Motte — Sweet's Ferry
From here, "The Chazy Landing Ferry," completed the major automobile route across northern Lake Champlain from Isle La Motte, VT, to Chazy Landing, NY, before the Rouses Point-Alburgh bridge was built. In 1905 Will Sweet designed, built, owned, and operated the first gasoline powered ferry on Lake Champlain named "The Twins" (for his sons Clinton and Gerald). In 1916 he constructed a larger ferry named "Twin Boys." The ferries operated from 1905-1937 and were prominent on early road maps. — Map (db m74718) HM
Vermont (Grand Isle County), Isle La Motte — Theodore Roosevelt's Visit to Isle La Motte
On this site on September 6, 1901, Vice President Teddy Roosevelt was a guest at the home of Lieut. Gov. Nelson Fisk to be the main speaker at the annual meeting of the Vermont Fish and Game League. Here Roosevelt learned that President McKinley had been shot in Buffalo, NY. McKinley died eight days later and Roosevelt became the 26th US President. — Map (db m74729) HM
Vermont (Grand Isle County), South Hero — Ebenezer AllenSite of pioneer's tavern
Here Ethan Allen's cousin, Ebenezer, made the first settlement on South Hero. From his tavern, Ethan, one of the "heroes" for whom the islands were named, started homeward across the ice to Burlington, Feb. 11, 1789. Stricken en route, the Green Mountain Boy died the next day. Site: 3.5 miles south. — Map (db m86595) HM
Vermont (Lamoille County), Belvidere Center — George Washington HendersonFirst African-American Elected to Phi Beta Kappa, Minister, Educator, Champion of His Race
Born in Virginia in 1850, Henderson was employed as a servant by Henry Carpenter, adjutant in the Eighth Vermont Regiment in the Civil War. In 1865 he accompanied Carpenter to his home in Belvidere and began "to learn his letters." After study with Oscar Atwood in Underhill and at Barre Academy, he entered the University of Vermont and graduated at the top of his class in 1877. He taught in schools in Jericho, Craftsbury, and Newport. After graduating in 1883 from Yale Divinity School, he went . . . — Map (db m74259) HM
Vermont (Lamoille County), Cambridge — Cambridge Junction Bridge
This bridge was built in 1887 by George W. Holmes in order to access an important railroad junction and the surrounding village of Cambridge Junction. The Burr Arch structure has a clear span of 135 feet, making it one of the longest spans of its type in the United States. The bridge is also known as the "Poland Bridge" after the retired judge who led a lawsuit against the Town of Cambridge that resulted in the bridge's construction. The bridge was rehabilitated in 2003-04 with funds from the . . . — Map (db m94319) HM
Vermont (Lamoille County), Johnson — Julian Scott1846-1901
Julian Scott, Vermont’s most renowned Civil War artist, was born in this Johnson house in 1846. At the start of the Civil War, when only 15, he enlisted as a fifer in the Third Vermont Regiment. Scott was awarded a Medal of Honor -- for rescuing wounded under enemy fire at the Battle of Lee’s Mills, Virginia. He later studied art under Emanuel Leutze at the National Academy of Design in New York and in 1870 was elected an associate member of the Academy. “The Battle of Cedar . . . — Map (db m77551) HM
Vermont (Lamoille County), Stowe — Smugglers Notch
The southern gateway to Mount Mansfield and Smugglers Notch is via Route 100, once a plank road, the bed for Mt. Mansfield Electric Rail Road, and one of the earliest concrete roads. From the village of Stowe, Route 108 meanders past the base of Mt. Mansfield, Vermont’s highest peak at 4393 feet, and climbs through Smugglers Notch, the reputed route for cattle smugglers and hiding place for Lake Champlain pirates. The BIG SPRING has been popular since the 19th century when its waters were . . . — Map (db m85568) HM
Vermont (Lamoille County), Wolcott — Fisher BridgeWolcott, Vermont
This bridge, spanning the Lamoille River on the St. Johnsbury & Lamoille County R. R., is the last railroad covered bridge still in regular use in Vermont and one of the very few left in the U.S. Built in 1908, it is the only remaining with full-length cupola, which provided a smoke escape. In 1968 the bridge was scheduled for destruction to make way for a new steel span. It was saved by placing heavy steel beams underneath. This preservation was achieved with State funds and with generous . . . — Map (db m36934) HM
Vermont (Lamoille County), Wolcott — Reverend George S. Brown(1801-1886)
Reverend Brown was the first African American Methodist minister in Vermont. He was born in Newport, RI and became a Methodist minister in Kingsbury, NY in 1833. He made a living by building stone walls; many of which are still standing today. Brown served as a missionary to Liberia from 1837-1843. In 1855 he organized Methodist classes in Wolcott and supervised the building of the church in 1856. As far as can be determined this is the only church he served in the United States as the preacher in charge. He died in Glens Falls, NY. — Map (db m77582) HM
Vermont (Orange County), Bradford — BradfordHome of Maker of 1st Globes and Birthplace of Adm. Clark
James Wilson, a Bradford farmer and self-taught engraver, in early 1800’s made and sold the first geographical globes in the U.S. Adm. Chas. Clark, born here in 1843, was Captain of the “Oregon”, which sailed around the Cape Horn to defeat Spanish at Santiago Bay in 1898. — Map (db m65832) HM
Vermont (Orange County), Bradford — BradfordJames Wilson, Globe Maker
Located 100 yards beyond this marker is the site where James Wilson had his home and workshop. Between 1808 and 1810 Wilson made and sold the first terrestrial and celestial globes in North America. Born in Londonderry, N.H., in 1763, Wilson was a farmer and blacksmith who moved to Bradford in 1795. He taught himself astronomy and geography and studied with Amos Doolittle in CT to learn engraving, skills he needed to make globes. Wilson died in Bradford in 1855 at the age of 92. — Map (db m87995) HM
Vermont (Orange County), Bradford — Rear Admiral Charles Edgar Clark U.S.N.
Born Bradford, Vermont August 10, 1843 Died Long Beach California Oct. 1. 1922 Entered Annapolis Naval Academy Sept. 29, 1860 With Farragut Battle Mobile Bay Aug 5, 1864 Race of U.S.S. Oregon from California to Florida Mar. 16-May 26, 1898 Battle at Santiago Cuba July 3, 1898 — Map (db m65831) HM WM
Vermont (Orange County), Fairlee — Nathaniel Niles1741 – 1828
Revolutionary War patriot and author of the popular ode "The American Hero," written in celebration of the Battle of Bunker Hill, Nathaniel Niles was an original settler of Fairlee, then founder of West Fairlee, and first minister of this church. He came to Fairlee soon after the Revolution from Norwich, Connecticut, where he was active in politics, manufacturing and religion. During a public career that spanned three decades in Vermont, Niles served on the state Supreme Court, as Speaker of . . . — Map (db m65091) HM
Vermont (Orange County), Fairlee — Samuel MoreyPioneer Inventor of Steam and Gas Engines lived here
Samuel Morey, resident of Orford and later Fairlee, successfully operated a steamboat on the Conn. River in 1793. Making over 4000 experiments, this early scientist patented an internal combustion engine in 1826 to anticipate the age of the motor car and airplane. — Map (db m32118) HM
Vermont (Orange County), Newbury — Bayley-Hazen Military Road1776 - 1779 — Began Just North at Wells River
Conceived, planned, laid out & financed by Newbury founder, Gen. Jacob Bayley 1726–1815, who on Nov. 24, 1775, presented his plan to Gen. George Washington for a shorter military route to Canada. On Washington's orders, Bayley began road in spring of 1776. After 26 mi., it was halted until 1779 when Washington ordered Col. Moses Hazen & Col. Timothy Bedel to report to Bayley & continue his road about 26 mi. further northwest to Hazen's Notch now Westfield, VT. Thos. Johnson, Frye Bayley, . . . — Map (db m87961) HM
Vermont (Orange County), Newbury — Col. Thomas Johnson
To the memory of Col. THOMAS JOHNSON an early settler of this state and a brave and efficient officer in the Revolutionary war. His duties as a civil and military officer were performed with unblemished integrity. In private life a faithful friend a cheerful companion and an exemplary Christian. — Map (db m89735) HM
Vermont (Orange County), Newbury — Colonel Thomas Johnson1742 - 1819
One of the first settlers of Newbury, 1762, Influential in organizing the town and state; Revolutionary officer; Aid to General Lincoln at Ticonderoga, 1777, A prisoner in Canada 1781, Elected representative ten times. This marks the location of the first settlement of the town. — Map (db m87960) HM
Vermont (Orange County), Newbury — ElmbankHome of Charles Ross Taggart — "The Old Country Fiddler"
Born on March 19, 1871, Charles Ross Taggart, "The Man From Vermont", grew up in Topsham, VT and in 1907 moved his family to this house which he named Elmbank. Beginning in 1895, Taggart, a humorist and musician, traveled all over the U.S., entertaining in lyceum and Chautauqua circuits with his fiddle & stories. His most recognized character was "The Old Country Fiddler", and his credits include over 40 recordings and a 1923 Phono-Film - one of the earliest "talkies". Taggart retired in 1938, . . . — Map (db m87964) HM
Vermont (Orange County), Newbury — General Jacob Bayley1726 - 1815
{East side} Patriot A pioneer of strong unselfish purpose A patriot of uncompromising fidelity A soldier unstained by personal ambition A citizen ever devoted to the public good {South side} Soldier French and Indian war Lieutenant 1755, Captain 1757, Colonel 1760 Siege of Fort William Henry, Battles of Ticonderoga and Crown Point, Capture of Montreal Revolutionary war Brigadier General 1776, Commissary General of Northern Department of Colonial Army 1777 Battle . . . — Map (db m88114) HM
Vermont (Orange County), Newbury — Jacob BayleyFounder of Newbury and Revolutionary War General
Veteran of the Indian Wars, Bayley led a migration of settlers from Newbury, Mass to the rich lands of the Coos here at the Great ox-Bow. A staunch patriot, he bitterly opposed the "Haldimand Negotiations" carried on with Canada by Ethan & Ira Allen during the Revolution. — Map (db m87994) HM
Vermont (Orange County), Newbury — Old Court HouseHere Stood From 1773 to 1801
The old court house with jail connected for Gloucester County New York, which became Orange County Vermont. It was used for a meeting house until 1788. The Legislature of 1787 met in this building. A few rods northerly stood the log fort of revolutionary days. — Map (db m48618) HM
Vermont (Orange County), Randolph Center — RandolphHome of Justin Morgan
In 1791, Schoolmaster Justin Morgan brought into Vermont the colt that was to bear his name and to make them both famous. This Morgan horse which Justin Morgan took as payment of a debt, became the ancestor of one of the greatest breeds of horses ever established in America. — Map (db m79946) HM
Vermont (Orange County), Randolph Center — Randolph State Normal School1867-1911
Near this site stood the first Public School in Vermont for special training of teachers. It burned in 1893; rebuilt at a cost of $12,000 in 1894. Many of the 1623 graduates had long and distinguished careers in the educational professions. Four Principals served: Edward W. Conant, “Father of Vermont Normal Schools”, Abel E. Leavenworth, Andrew W. Edson, and Charles H. Morrill. Presented by the R.S.N.S. Alumni Assoc. Erected by the Board of Historic Sites. Dedicated in August. A.D. 1965. — Map (db m79924) HM
Vermont (Orange County), South Strafford — Elizabeth Mine
In the 1790s a body of ore was discovered here, leading to the production of copperas from 1809 - 1880s and the intermittent production of copper from 1832 - 1958. The mine site covered 850 acres, and over three million tons of ore were extracted from open cuts and below ground. By 1834 the site included one of the nation's earliest successful large-scale copper smelting plants. Employing as many as 220 workers, the mine had a major impact on the economic and cultural development of Strafford . . . — Map (db m64920) HM
Vermont (Orange County), Strafford — Furnace Flat
In this area, what may have been the first use of hot blast to smelt copper adjacent to a mine in the United States took place. During the winter of 1833-1834, Isaac Tyson, Jr., invented a hot-blast system for smelting copper. Assisted by smelting foreman Daniel Long and others, Tyson produced copper on the south side of the Ompompanoosuc River through the 1830s using ore from nearby Copperas Hill and anthracite coal from Pennsylvania. Several more smelters were located at Furnace Flat on the . . . — Map (db m94486) HM
Vermont (Orange County), Strafford — Justin Smith Morrill / Morrill Homestead
Justin Smith Morrill 1810-1898 Born in Strafford Village, Justin S. Morrill was the son of a blacksmith. He entered politics in 1854 serving in the United States Congress for a total of nearly 44 years. As a member of the House of Representatives and later the Senate. Justin Morrill was the chief sponsor of the 1862 and 1890 Land-Grant Acts, the most important pieces of legislation for American higher education in the 19th century. The Acts resulted in more than 100 Land Grant colleges . . . — Map (db m94485) HM
Vermont (Orange County), Strafford — Morrill Homestead
Justin Smith Morrill, father of the act establishing land grant colleges, constructed this house, 1848-1851. Maintained as a life-long residence. The Homestead is registered as a National Historic Landmark. — Map (db m94493) HM
Vermont (Orange County), Strafford — StraffordBirthplace of Justin Smith Morrill
Born April 14, 1810, Senator Morrill served 43 years in the Congress. He won unique fame as author of the Morrill Acts, signed by Abraham Lincoln, 1862. These established our land-grant colleges and universities, securing and broadening higher education in the U.S. — Map (db m65008) HM
Vermont (Orange County), Tunbridge — Site of 1780 Raid
On the Tunbridge hilltop, across the meadow, three hundred Indians, led by the British in the wanning years of the Revolutionary War, laid in wait the night of Oct. 15, 1780. As dawn approached on the 16th, they began their pillaging, reducing homes to ashes, capturing and killing unsuspecting settlers. Near this site in the Royalton meadow by the river, young Thomas Pember lost his life. On the hill, northeast of here, Peter Button met the same fate. When the raiders had finished marauding the . . . — Map (db m73916) HM
Vermont (Orange County), Tunbridge — Tunbridge World's Fair
This fair, founded in 1867 and held by the Union Agricultural Society on this site since 1875, was named "The World's Fair' by Lt. Governor Burnham Martin. The annual celebration reflects accomplishments of farmers and families by reinforcing their shared traditions and educating others about rural life. Several buildings date from the nineteenth century. The fair has an important display of antiques and old agricultural equipment collected from Central Vermont. — Map (db m85974) HM
Vermont (Orange County), Williamstown — Davenport Birthplace
Thomas Davenport was born on the West Hill in 1802 and worked in a blacksmith shop by the village stream. Later, in Brandon, invented the first commutator, and, in 1837, patented the first electric motor. — Map (db m86037) HM
Vermont (Orange County), Williamstown — Thomas DavenportInventor of the electric motor
Born on the West Hill July 9, 1802. Died at the age of 49, July 6 1851, in Salisbury, VT. Buried in Brandon. Near this tablet stood the blacksmith shop where he learned his trade. He invented and made the first ELECTRIC MOTOR in Brandon, Vermont in 1834. He had a "VISION" of the great future of electricity, and devoted his life to its development. — Map (db m86038) HM
Vermont (Orleans County), Barton — Henry M. LelandDesigner of Cadillac and Lincoln Automobiles
Born in Barton on February 16, 1843 to a hard working farm family, Henry Leland carried into his life the strength and quality of his family’s work ethic adding to it his gift and love for precision. By 1890, Leland was in Detroit where he had become chief engineer at Cadillac. Known as one of the world’s foremost automobile engineers, he won the Dewar Trophy twice:1909 for the concept of interchangeable parts and in 1914, with C.F. Kettering, for the automobile self-starter. At 74, he formed . . . — Map (db m75107) HM
Vermont (Orleans County), Brownington — Old Stone HouseHistorical Society Museum
In 1836, Rev. Alexander Twilight, the schoolmaster of the Orleans County Grammar School, on a main stage route to Canada, built this structure, Athenian Hall, as a dormitory for his pupils. It now holds the interesting collection of the County Historical Society. Open to Public — Map (db m85871) HM
Vermont (Orleans County), Derby — Derby Academy1840-1967 — The Oldest Incorporated School in Orleans County
On this site the Derby Literary and Theological Institute - a private boarding school - was founded by the Danville Baptist Association on one acre of land given by Lemuel Richmond and Benjamin Hinman. Colonel Chester Carpenter led a campaign for support as citizens readily came forth with money, labor, and their produce to build a secondary school. Donated cattle were driven to a Brighton, Massachusetts market to help raise funds. Countless numbers of students and this community have lived and . . . — Map (db m75586) HM
Vermont (Orleans County), Derby Line — Haskell Free Library and Opera House
This structure is doubly unusual: it not only straddles the Canada-United States boundary but also contains the rare combination of a library and a theatre. Built between 1901 and 1904 as the gift of the Haskell family of Vermont, it testifies to the late Victorian belief in the intellectual and moral benefits of education and the arts. Its Queen Anne Revival style, as designed by James Ball, is typical of public libraries of the period. The second storey opera house follows accepted principles . . . — Map (db m75167) HM
Vermont (Orleans County), Derby Line — VermontOrleans County Route
Derby Line demonstrates the goodwill between Canada & the United States with its International Rotary Club, and Haskell Library and Opera House built astride the boundary line. Southward in Orleans County lie two of New England’s most beautiful lakes: Memphremagog and Willoughby. — Map (db m75259) HM
Vermont (Orleans County), Glover — Runaway Pond
On this site, on June 6, 1810 settlers dug an outlet to the north from what was then known as Long Pond. The retaining bank collapsed, causing all water from the 1.5-mile long pond to be discharged toward Barton River, and on to Lake Memphremagog, with extensive damage to the countryside, but no loss of life. — Map (db m75120) HM
Vermont (Rutland County), Belmont — Village of MechanicsvilleFounded in Early 1800's
Mechanicsville was a village center in the Town of Mount Holly, which was chartered in 1792. The village prospered with the growth of water-powered manufacturing, that included sawmills, gristmills, wheelwrights, furniture shops, and the A.P. Chase Toy Factory. As manufacturing declined, Mechanicsville became popular with vacationers. The citizens petitioned to have the village name changed to Belmont to better fit the image of an idyllic summer retreat. The change was enacted on September 2nd, 1911. — Map (db m78153) HM
Vermont (Rutland County), Brandon — Brandon Training School
Established in 1915, the program served Vermonters with mental retardation and developmental disabilities continuously until 1993. Founded as the Brandon State School for Feebleminded Children, the name was changed to Brandon State School in 1929 and later to the Brandon Training School. Begun as a working farm, many original structures still exist, including remnants of a horse racetrack visible from Route 7. The campus grew to include over 30 buildings and 400 acres, and served over 650 . . . — Map (db m76003) HM
Vermont (Rutland County), Brandon — Forest Dale Ironworks
Ironworking began at Forest Dale in 1810 using local ore. By 1823 a blast furnace was producing pig iron and a variety of ornamental iron. The Green Mountain Iron Company acquired the facility in 1854 to produce parlor stoves. The furnace was refitted to burn coal instead of charcoal, but apparently failed as the furnace shut down that same year. The furnace reopened in 1865 as the Brandon Iron Company, but closed for the last time by the end of that year. — Map (db m78178) HM
Vermont (Rutland County), Brandon — Stephen A. DouglasOpponent of Abraham Lincoln
The ‘little giant’ of national politics, born in Brandon in 1813, later moved to Middlebury to learn cabinet making. Returning to Brandon, he attended the Academy. Moving to Illinois in 1833, his career merged with the stream of American politics, reaching the height in his famous debates with Abraham Lincoln in 1858. Although Lincoln’s opponent during the campaign, he supported the Union until his death in June, 1861. — Map (db m76006) HM
Vermont (Rutland County), Castleton — "Vermont's First College"
On this site Castleton State College, Vermont’s first college and the eighteenth oldest in the nation, was first established as the Rutland County Grammar School, chartered by the General Assembly of the Republic of Vermont on October 15, 1787. The College moved to its present campus in 1833. — Map (db m78184) HM
Vermont (Rutland County), Castleton — Edwin L. Drake1819-1880 — Founder of the Oil Industry
Drilling the first modern oil well in the United States on August 27, 1859 at Titusville, Penna., Drake struck oil at 69 feet and launched one of the world’s great industries. On a farm on Drake Road, near this spot, he lived as a boy and attended the local schools. — Map (db m78199) HM
Vermont (Rutland County), Castleton — Fort WarrenBattle of Hubbardton — Seven Miles North
Directly east is the elevation of Fort Warren, built in 1779 for defense of the northern frontier. The road from the north was route of American retreat before Burgoyne, protected by Col. Seth Warner’s rearguard action at the Battle of Hubbardton, July 7, 1777. — Map (db m78183) HM
Vermont (Rutland County), Castleton — The "Old Chapel"Castleton Medical College — (1818-1862)
Castleton Medical College was the first such college in Vermont. This structure, built in 1821, was originally located on Main Street west of the present town library. In 1864 a leading citizen presented the building to Harriet Haskell, Principal of Castleton Seminary. It has served the College as dormitory, classrooms, and chapel and is a reminder of traditions which date back to the College’s founding in 1787. It is listed on the National Register of Historic Places. — Map (db m78198) HM
Vermont (Rutland County), Center Rutland — Center Rutland DepotConstructed Circa 1912
The Center Rutland Depot is a classic example of an early 1900's rail station. Built at the junction of the Delaware and Hudson and Rutland Railroads, the depot served the area's passenger and freight customers until the late 1950's. — Map (db m77980) HM
Vermont (Rutland County), Center Rutland — Mead's Falls
James Mead, Rutland's first settler, arrived at these falls on the Otter Creek in 1769. The next year he and his family were given shelter by members of the Caughnawaga tribe while they finished their log cabin. Mead built saw and grist mills on the falls and ran a ferry on the Otter Creek. He was an ardent defender of the New Hampshire Grants and served as a colonel in the militia. Mead's Falls was an important military site: the 1759 Crown Point Military Road ran by here. General Arthur St. . . . — Map (db m77440) HM
Vermont (Rutland County), Clarendon — Kingsley Grist Mill
The last of a dozen mills that dotted Mill River during the 18th and 19th century. Kingsley Grist Mill stands just upstream of the 1870 Town lattice truss covered bridge.

Kingsley's Mill, the only mill ever designed and built by nationally known Vermont covered bridge builder Nicholas M. Powers of Clarendon, served Vermont's grain production needs from 1882 until 1935. — Map (db m74431) HM

Vermont (Rutland County), East Poultney — Horace Greeley - George JonesNoted journalists served apprenticeship near here
At the original settlement in East Poultney, Horace Greeley, founder of the "New York Tribune", worked on the "Northern Spectator", 1826-1830. George Jones, co-founder of the "N.Y.Times", also came from here. — Map (db m78256) HM
Vermont (Rutland County), East Poultney — Jeffrey Brace1742 - 1827 — African, Revolutionary Veteran, Author, Abolitionist
Jeffrey Brace was born in West Africa with the name Boyrereau Brinch. At sixteen he was captured by European slave traders, shipped to Barbados, sold to a ship's captain, and eventually arrived in New England. Some years later, while still enslaved, Brace enlisted in the Continental Army and he won his freedom fighting in the Revolution. At the war's end in 1784 he settled in Poultney, in newly formed Vermont - the first state to prohibit slavery. He met an ex-slave, married, and they raised . . . — Map (db m60663) HM
Vermont (Rutland County), East Poultney — Poultney Civil War Monument1861-1865
To our country's defenders of Poultney,VT. Erected in grateful memory of their heroic service by Mrs. Josephine L. Lewis in memory of her husband Col. Judson A. Lewis. — Map (db m60775) HM
Vermont (Rutland County), East Poultney — Site of Oldest Union Church in America
Founded eight years before religious liberty was made constitutional 1780 — Map (db m60783) HM
Vermont (Rutland County), Fair Haven — First Slate Quarry in Western Vermont
This area of Vermont is known for its high quality slate; the first quarry was opened on Scotch Hill in 1839 by Alonson Allen & Caleb Ranney. Allen began the first manufacture of roofing slate in Vermont in 1848. By 1869 there were seventeen quarries in Fair haven of which eleven were on Scotch Hill. Quarrying of slate was important to the economy of the area and brought in many skilled Welsh immigrants who were familiar with the quarrying of slate in their native Wales. — Map (db m78200) HM
Vermont (Rutland County), Fair Haven — Matthew LyonFair Haven's oldest mills built on falls by founder
Matthew Lyon, Irish-born leading grantee, built grist, saw and paper mills here, 1783, and a forge above. He ran first store, inn, and newspaper. As Congressman from Vermont he was jailed under the Sedition Law and later elected from Kentucky and Arkansas. — Map (db m78211) HM
Vermont (Rutland County), Hubbardton — Battle of HubbardtonOnly Battlefield On Vermont Soil
Here on July 7, 1777 a successful rearguard action by Colonel Seth Warner’s Vermont, Massachusetts, and New Hampshire troops ended British pursuit under Generals Frazer and Reldesel. Thus, General St. Claire’s American army, retreating from Fort Ticonderoga and Mount Independence, was saved to fight near Bennington and Saratoga. Burgoyne’s 1777 drive to divide the colonies, first resisted at Hubbardton, ended in defeat at Saratoga. — Map (db m74470) HM
Vermont (Rutland County), Hubbardton — British Flank Near Mt. Zion
Directly in front of you stands the majestic Mount Zion. From its summit the whole battlefield can be seen and it may have served as a lookout for Tory and Indian scouts who were surveying the area for the British shortly before the battle. The valley below was less wooded in 1777 than it is now, probably cleared out by one of the nine families that lived in the area at the time. British commander, General Simon Fraser, sent some of his grenadiers and light infantry through these fields to . . . — Map (db m11408) HM
Vermont (Rutland County), Hubbardton — Dawn Attack
Directly ahead, through the gap in the hills, ran the Military Road which connected the American garrison at Mount Independence on Lake Champlain with sites on the Connecticut River. American forces used this road as their escape route during their retreat from Fort Ticonderoga and Mount Independence. It was in this gap that the American pickets fired on the British scouts at about 5 a.m. on the morning of July 7, 1777. This marked the beginning of the battle. Down the valley below, the . . . — Map (db m11406) HM
Vermont (Rutland County), Hubbardton — Germans Arrive, Americans Retreat
Most of the battle waged back and forth in this field until the Americans were finally forced across the Castleton Road to the east. They took up a position there behind a log and stone fence. After some heavy fighting, Colonel Hale’s 2nd New Hampshire regiment crossed the road and flanked the British to the north. General Fraser, seeing his left flank under attack, sent word back to his rear guard for help. At a point when all seemed lost, some of Fraser’s rear guard appeared. This small . . . — Map (db m11411) HM
Vermont (Rutland County), Hubbardton — Hubbardton Battle Monument
The only battle fought in Vermont during the Revolution Right side of Monument: This monument erected by citizens of Hubbardton and vicinity July 7, 1859 Back of Monument: Hubbardton Battle fought on this ground July 7, 1777 Bottom of Back: Restored by the State of Vermont 1991 Gawet Marble & Granite Inc. Left side of Monument: Col. Warner Commanded. Col. Francis was killed. Col. Hale was captured. The Green Mountain Boys fought bravely. — Map (db m9230) HM
Vermont (Rutland County), Hubbardton — Monument Hill Charge
Colonel Ebenezer Francis and his 11th Continental Regiment from Massachusetts encamped along this hilltop on the night of July 6th. To the left, down the hill toward the Selleck cabin, were Seth Warner and his Green Mountain Boys; to the right was the rest of Colonel Nathan Hale’s 2nd New Hampshire regiment. On the morning of July 7th British troops, in hot pursuit of the American forces, climbed this steep slope to the crest of Monument Hill. Hampered by brush and fallen trees, the British, . . . — Map (db m11407) HM
Vermont (Rutland County), Hubbardton — The Selleck Cabin
John and Sarah Selleck built their cabin near the Castleton Road when they moved to Hubbardton from Connecticut in 1775. Like many other families, they had come here to farm and raise their families away from the crowding and turmoil in the coastal colonies. When the Military Road was built in 1776, it put their cabin at the junction of two very busy roads. Both roads were being used to transport men and supplies to sites in every direction throughout the new frontier. The Sellecks fled the . . . — Map (db m11410) HM
Vermont (Rutland County), Hubbardton — Welcome to Hubbardton Battlefield State Historic Park
The only battle fought on Vermont soil during the American Revolution took place on these fields. Viewed as a rear guard action, this battle was important because it slowed the progress of the British and German pursuers long enough for the main body of the American Army to escape during their retreat from the forts at Ticonderoga and Mount Independence on Lake Champlain. Starting from where you are now, follow the path to your right to the crest of the hill. There you will find the first in a . . . — Map (db m11405) HM
Vermont (Rutland County), Killington — Mt. KillingtonState's second highest peak — scene of christening legend
Southward appears the summit of Mt. Killington, once called Pisgah, on which Rev. Samuel Peters claimed he christened the wilderness with the name "Verd-mont" in 1763. Most historians give credit to Dr. Thomas Young’s letter "to the inhabitants of 'Vermont'", sent to Windsor in 1777. — Map (db m78175) HM
Vermont (Rutland County), Mendon — John Vincent
Near this location lived "Captain John" Vincent, a member of the Caughnawaga tribe. An admirer of General George Washington, Captain John became a firm friend of the Colonies. He accompanied Benedict Arnold and Richard Montgomery to guide American troops from Cambridge, Massachusetts, to Quebec for the siege on Quebec in 1776. He fought with General Gates at the Battle of Saratoga, where Burgoyne surrendered his British forces. After the Revolutionary War he settled in Mendon. Captain John . . . — Map (db m78176) HM
Vermont (Rutland County), Middletown Springs — A. W. Gray & Sons
Near this site Albert W. Gray manufactured his horse power treadmills, which he invented and patented in 1844 and 1856. He also invented a corn sheller, patented in 1836, and a machine for making wrought iron nails.

For over 50 years the shop, under the management of A.W. and his sons, Leonidas and Albert Y., employed some 60 workers to produce treadmills, threshers, wood saws, ensilage cutters and gasoline engines that were sold all over the world.

In 1868 A. W. Gray rediscovered . . . — Map (db m60664) HM

Vermont (Rutland County), Middletown Springs — Middletown Springs War Memorial
Plaque on Front of Monument: Middletown's Roll of Honor 1861 - 1865 1st VT Reg't.– Whitmore, Sylvanus L. 2nd VT Reg't.– Bateman, John S.•Cole, Obadiah•Perham, Merritt•Perry, Andrew J. 7th VT Reg't.– Buxton, Samuel•Griswold, Stephen A.•Guilder, Harvey•Heap, Andrew•Heap, Webster•Higgins, Edwin 9th VT Reg't.– Coleman, Royal L.•Mann, Benjamin 10th VT Reg't.– Atwater, Alfred•Atwater, Alonzo•Barce, Henry•Buel, James N.•Buxton, Edwin R.•Coffee, . . . — Map (db m60814) WM
Vermont (Rutland County), Middletown Springs — Thomas Morgan House
Near this site in 1784 Thomas Morgan built the first frame house in what is now Middletown Springs. — Map (db m60907) HM
Vermont (Rutland County), Mount Holly — Mount Holly Railroad History
During construction of what became the Rutland Railroad, two important events occurred in Mount Holly. In 1848, a construction crew discovered the tusk and tooth of a woolly mammoth in the nearby wetland. These are on display in the Community Historical Museum in Belmont Village. The second event occurred on December 18, 1849 near this highpoint on the rail line, later called the Summit. The tracks that connected here were being constructed simultaneously from Burlington and Boston. Locomotives . . . — Map (db m94276) HM
Vermont (Rutland County), Pittsford — Hammond Covered Bridge
One of four covered bridges in the town of Pittsford, this 139’ Town lattice truss bridge was built in 1842 by Asa Nourse. During the 1927 flood the bridge floated off its abutments and ended up in a field over a mile down stream. During the winter of 1927-28 the town returned the bridge to its former location. — Map (db m61393) HM
Vermont (Rutland County), Pittsford — The Vermont Sanatorium
The Colonial revival building, designed by Scopes & Feustmann of Saranac Lake, NY, was constructed and endowed by Redfield Proctor and his family as a private pay institution for the treatment of Tuberculosis. Completed in 1907, the center building was for Administration with an infirmary, staff quarters, and public areas. To the southwest, connected by a glass enclosed loggia, was the West Cottage for men. To the southeast, also connected by a glass enclosed loggia, was the East Cottage for . . . — Map (db m76008) HM
Vermont (Rutland County), Proctor — Otter Creek
Otter Creek was a passageway for Native Americans traveling across what is now Vermont from the Connecticut River to Lake Champlain. They called the falls here “The Great Falls” which at 123’ are the highest in Vermont. John Sutherland, the first settler in Proctor, came in 1767 and built his mill at the falls and his house on the SW bank. The foundation still exists in the house now standing. There were three wooden covered bridges: 1794, 1811, & 1839. The Marble Arch Bridge . . . — Map (db m77971) HM
Vermont (Rutland County), Proctor — Vermont Marble CompanyThe Largest Marble Company in the World
The earliest marble was quarried by the Humphrey brothers in 1836. They were followed by successive marble companies. In 1870 Redfield Proctor took over in receivership and brought the Vermont Marble Company to world prominence. Building contracts and work done in the Proctor shops include the US Supreme Court, Jefferson Memorial and the rotunda columns in the National Gallery of Art. The Company employee program established the first Industrial Nurses in 1895. Between 1890-1915 workers came . . . — Map (db m77969) HM
Vermont (Rutland County), Rutland — George Schmitt1892-1913
George Schmitt of Rutland, along with his brother, Charles, built and flew the state's first glider near here in 1909. Schmitt learned to fly in the company of Curtis, Wright and Baldwin. He was the second person to fly in Vermont. Schmitt set national aviation and distance records. At 19 he and his manager formed the Schmitt Aviation Company for exhibition flying. He was the first pilot to fly in parts of the Caribbean, Central and South America. He was the first person to fly from the . . . — Map (db m78002) HM
Vermont (Rutland County), Rutland — John DeereBirthplace
John Deere was born February, 7th, 1804 the third son of William Rinold Deere and Sarah Yates Deere. It is presumed that Sarah gave birth to John at home; over William Deere’s Rutland tailor shop located on the east side of Main St. across from the park. In 1805, the family moved to Middlebury, Vermont where at the age of 17, he learned the blacksmith trade as an apprentice. When hard times hit the region in the 1830s, Deere decided to leave his wife and family temporarily and venture west. In . . . — Map (db m77993) HM
Vermont (Rutland County), Rutland — Julia C.R. Dorr1825-1913
Julia Dorr, who lived in Rutland during childhood and from 1857 until her death, was one of Vermont's most famous and best loved poets. She published hundreds of popular poems, sonnets, and prose works, which reflect a keen sense of observation and love of nature and history. Guests at her Dorr Drive home included Ralph Waldo Emerson and others of the famed "Concord Group". She was a member of the influential Ripley family and wife of Judge Seneca M. Dorr. Active in community affairs, Mrs. . . . — Map (db m78001) HM
Vermont (Rutland County), Rutland — Martin Henry Freeman1826-1889
Martin Freeman, born in Rutland, became the first black college president in the United States and was a member of the second East Parish Congregational Church which stood on this site. He was prepared by Pastor William Mitchell for Middlebury College, graduating in 1849 as salutatorian. In 1850 Freeman was appointed professor at Allegheny Institute (later Avery College) near Pittsburgh, PA. Here he gained renown in the fields of science and mathematics. In 1856 Freeman advanced to the office . . . — Map (db m77981) HM
Vermont (Rutland County), Rutland — Old State House
Approximately four rods from the west wall of this armory stood the "OLD STATE HOUSE" demolished in 1912, in which Vermont legislative sessions were held at intervals from 1784 to 1804 inclusive, county court from 1784 to 1793 and in 1791 the first session of Federal Court to be held in Vermont. — Map (db m77992) HM
Vermont (Washington County), Calais — Historic Kent Tavern
This brick tavern was built by Abdiel Kent between 1833 and 1837. It served as his home, and from 1837 to 1846 was a stagecoach stop on the road from Montpelier to Canada. The Kent family settled in Calais in 1798 and this section of town is known as Kents Corners. One of Abdiel's six brothers, Ira Kent, lived in the white clapboard house across the street. Together from 1837 until 1860 the operated I&A Kent Store in the two story wooden addition on the tavern. The Kent family owned the . . . — Map (db m61212) HM
Vermont (Washington County), East Montpelier — North Montpelier Historic District
This small community – once called Rich's Hollow – was settled in the late 1700s and during the 19th century was an important cultural and industrial center area. Samuel Rich created North Montpelier Pond by damming the Kingsbury Branch to power a sawmill, gristmill, and woolen mill that operated until 1970. Businesses included a blacksmith, shoe shop, cheese factory, distillery, two general stores, the Rich Tavern and the Nye Organ factory. A wooden bridge connecting the two sides . . . — Map (db m87997) HM
Vermont (Washington County), Graniteville — In the late 1950’s Rock of Ages experimented with making lanes out of granite...
In the late 1950’s Rock of Ages experimented with making lanes out of granite for use in commercial bowling alleys. Although a few such alleys were created, the concept never caught on. This prototype was used for many years by employees and visitors alike, but then was neglected and fell into disrepair. We have restored the old lane, with a few exceptions. We left the gutters as they are to demonstrate how the reinforced concrete has weathered, while the granite alley is virtually untouched . . . — Map (db m81271) HM
Vermont (Washington County), Montpelier — Ammi B. Young
This tablet is erected by the people of Vermont in appreciation of the architect of this building Ammi B. Young born in Lebanon N.H. June 19, 1798 died in Washington D.C. March 13, 1874 Work was commenced on this site in the winter of 1832-1833 and completed in the fall of 1838 Mr. Young serving as superintendent of construction during the last two years. In 1857 fire largely destroyed the interior and dome and they were rebuilt and the wings slightly extended according to the original . . . — Map (db m76395) HM
Vermont (Washington County), Montpelier — Ethan Allen
Leader of the Green Mountain Boys demanding the surrender of Ticonderoga "in the name of the Great Jehovah and the Continental Congress"

Sculptor:Larkin Mead Replica: Aristide J. Piccini — Map (db m76397) HM

Vermont (Washington County), Montpelier — Montpelier Recreation Field
Built in 1940 by the Federal Works Projects Administration and home to the Northern League for the Montpelier Senators and the Twin City Trojans from 1941–1952. Many future Major League baseball players played on this historic field. The biggest star, pitcher Robin Roberts, called this his home field for two seasons. In 1946 he threw a no-hitter and in 1947 the Trojans won the pennant as he compiled and 18–3 record. Robin went on to win 286 Major League games playing for the . . . — Map (db m88008) HM
Vermont (Washington County), Montpelier — Senator William Upham(1792-1853)
“Slavery is a crime against humanity and a sore evil in the body politic.”

William Upham resided here during the first half of the nineteenth century. He was an ardent abolitionist, voting against the Fugitive Slave Act and slavery in new states and territories. A member of the Whig Party, Upham represented Vermont as a U.S. Senator from 1843 to 1853. He supported the Canadian rebellions of 1837 and 1838 and vehemently opposed the Mexican-American War, 1846-1848. . . . — Map (db m94420) HM

Vermont (Washington County), Montpelier — State House
Montpelier became the Capitol in 1808, when the first State House was built. Ammi B. Young's 2nd State House, built in 1838 and destroyed by fire in 1857, was similar to this 3rd structure on the site, completed in 1859. — Map (db m22887) HM
Vermont (Washington County), Waterbury — Dr. Henry Janes
Henry Janes, physician, soldier, farmer, and humanitarian, was born here January 24, 1832. As head of services at the Union Army hospital immediately after the Battle of Gettysburg, Dr. Janes faced the challenge of caring for 20,000 wounded Union and Confederate men. Without prejudice, he cared for the suffering and healed the wounded by practicing advanced medical procedures to hasten recovery of his patients. A small town physician and scholar, he treated townspeople with equal care and . . . — Map (db m86683) HM
Vermont (Washington County), Waterbury — Vermont State Hospital
{Front side} The first patients arrived at the new Vermont State Asylum for the insane in 1891. For the next 120 years, the hospital served thousands of Vermonters challenged by mental and other illnesses, and employed hundreds of area residents. Designed by Rand and Taylor of Boston, the Hospital was linear in form with a central administrative building, connected pavilions and a pair of unusual circular wards at either end. {Back side} Over the years, the Vermont State . . . — Map (db m88012) HM
Vermont (Windham County), Bellows Falls — Bellows Falls
The Village of Bellows Falls, within the Town of Rockingham, has served as a river and overland crossroad for commerce and travel by foot, stagecoach, riverboat, train, truck and automobile. With wood, brick, iron, steel, and stone, generations of residents have sheltered life and livelihood in a place of natural beauty and practical value. Today we can still read the story of these efforts and aspirations in a rich legacy of surviving residential, commercial, and industrial buildings. . . . — Map (db m65789) HM
Vermont (Windham County), Bellows Falls — Bellows Falls CanalHere first Canal in United States was built in 1802
The British-owned Company, which was chartered to render the Conn. River navigable here in 1791, was 10 years building the 9 locks and dam around the Great Falls, 52 ft. high. After the railroad came in 1849, river traffic declined and the canal was used for water power only. — Map (db m74471) HM
Vermont (Windham County), Bellows Falls — Waypoint Center
The Bellows Falls Waypoint Center stands in an old railyard which once served the Boston and Maine Railroad. Once the railroads came through, in 1849, the area was built up with many storage buildings used by local businesses for receiving deliveries from the railroad-ranging from coal to flour and feed. A tall water tank was located near to the tracks to service the frequent steam locomotives. While these buildings are gone, leaving only the old former stable immediately next to the canal, the . . . — Map (db m65787) HM
Vermont (Windham County), Brattleboro — Brattleboro Civil War Monument
(Front): This Monument Commemorates The Loyalty and Patriotism Of the Men of Brattleboro, Who Fought for Liberty and the Union In the Great Rebellion of 1861 – 1865 Enlisted 385. Died in Service 31. Erected by a Grateful Town A.D. 1887. (Back):Never Forget What They Did Here: Big Bethel, Bull Run Lee’s Mill, Savage’s Station Antietam, Fredericksburg, Marye’s Heights, Gettysburg, Port Hudson, Wilderness, Spotsylvania, Cold Harbor, Petersburg, . . . — Map (db m23114) HM
Vermont (Windham County), Brattleboro — Brattleboro Veterans Monument
Dedicated In Loving Memory of the Men and Women of Brattleboro Who Made the Supreme Sacrifice in World War I World War II Korean War Vietnam War — Map (db m23116) WM
Vermont (Windham County), Brattleboro — Estey Organ Company
Here, in Brattleboro, was located the world’s largest manufacturer of reed organs. For more than a century, reed and pipe organs made in Brattleboro were sold to homes and churches around the world. The unusual slate-sided factory complex on Birge Street and the adjacent Esteyville neighborhood were developed in the early 1870s. Philanthropic and civic-minded, the Estey Company patented many manufacturing improvements and was a pioneer in equal pay for women. — Map (db m23113) HM
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