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Vermont Markers
252 markers matched your search criteria. The first 250 markers are listed. Next 2
Vermont (Addison County), Ferrisburgh — "Rokeby"Home of Rowland E. Robinson Writer of Vermont Folklore
Here in 1833, Rowland E. Robinson was born of Quaker parentage. He became a popular illustrator and interpreter of nature and Yankee dialect. "Rokeby" was a station on the "Underground R.R." Here are the blind author’s memorabilia. Open to the public during summer Map (db m75967) HM
Vermont (Addison County), Middlebury — Birthplace of Ray Fisher
Born in Middlebury on October 4, 1887, Ray Lyle Fisher grew up on farms along Otter Creek and Creek Road. Ray starred in baseball and football at Middlebury High School and Middlebury College before joining the New York Yankees in 1910. He pitched in the major leagues for ten seasons, compiling a 100-94 record and 2.82 ERA. In 1921 Fisher became baseball coach at the University of Michigan, where he coached for 38 seasons and won 15 Big Ten championships. He spent his summers at a camp on Lake . . . — Map (db m75987) HM
Vermont (Addison County), Middlebury — Charter House
In this house, the home of SAMUEL MILLER, ESQ. September 30, 1798 Timothy Dwight, President of Yale College, counseled with Gamaliel Painter and other citizens of Middlebury concerning the founding of Middlebury College. This conference led to the granting of the charter of Middlebury College November 1, 1800 and the appointment of Jeremiah Atwater as the first President — Map (db m76001) HM
Vermont (Addison County), Middlebury — Emma WillardPioneer educator gave women first college training here
Emma Hart came to Middlebury in 1807 to take charge of the Female Academy. After her marriage to Dr. John Willard, the town’s first physician, she gave the earliest collegiate instruction for women in America at a Seminary in her home, during the years 1814-1819. — Map (db m75983) HM
Vermont (Addison County), Middlebury — John DeereInventor of "The Plow that Broke the Plains"
John Deere learned the blacksmith trade here as an apprentice in the shop of Capt. Benjamin Lawrence from 1821 to 1825. The shop was located below this spot on Mill Street, in what is known as "Frog Hollow". In 1836 Deere removed to Grand Detour, Illinois where, in 1837, he built the world's first steel moldboard plow. — Map (db m77845) HM
Vermont (Addison County), Orwell — American Blockhouse – 1777Mount Independence State Historic Site
“I have also provided timber for two Blockhouses.” - Col. Anthony Wayne, February 4, 1777 In the summer and fall of 1776 American forces concentrated on fortifying the northern point of the rocky Mount Independence peninsula, in anticipation of a British advance from Canada. Along the southeast and southern land-locked perimeters soldiers only had the time to construct log and stone breastworks as a first line of defense against the enemy, should the British attempt . . . — Map (db m19321) HM
Vermont (Addison County), Orwell — British Blockhouse - 1777Mount Independence State Historic Site
“Blockhouses, none of them finished.” - Lt. John Starke, Royal Navy, September 1777 After the British captured Mount Independence on July 6, 1777, their military engineers decided to build six new blockhouses to augment American-built defenses on the southeast and southern land exposures in anticipation of potential American attacks. Three were nearly completed. The new British blockhouses supported the log and stone breastworks from 1776, the two blockhouses built . . . — Map (db m19332) HM
Vermont (Addison County), Orwell — Burial SiteMount Independence State Historic Site
“ . . . this Day there was two men Buried from our Regt.” - Lt. Jonathan Burton, October 4, 1776 This small stone, engraved “N. Richardson of Staddard Eng died 1760,” may mark the only identified grave on Mount Independence. Research has yet to discover who Richardson was or solve the mystery of the 1760 date. This was sixteen years before the Northern Department of the American Army began building Mount Independence as a defense against the British in . . . — Map (db m17849) HM
Vermont (Addison County), Orwell — Fort Ticonderoga and Mount DefianceMount Independence State Historic Site
“ . . . a perfect mousetrap.” - Col. Alexander Scammell, September 21, 1777 From here are seen nearly all the powerful forces of nature that made this spot on Lake Champlain the Gibraltar of the North as well as its Achilles heel during the American Revolution. Straight ahead (looking west) is the 853-foot high Mount Defiance. On the other side of it is Lake George. To the north the narrow, quarter-mile wide channel was the perfect place to build artillery batteries to . . . — Map (db m17846) HM
Vermont (Addison County), Orwell — Foundation -1776 or 1777Mount Independence State Historic Site — What do you think? -
This is one of the best-preserved stone foundations on Mount Independence. It was built during the Revolution, but historic maps and documents do not refer to it. Who built it? Did the Americans have time to build it during the two weeks in June 1777 when constructing the three gun batteries of the southern defenses? Was it built by the British and Germans encamped in this area from July to November 1777? What was it used for? The foundation is about 19 feet wide and 31 feet long, with stone . . . — Map (db m19441) HM
Vermont (Addison County), Orwell — General Hospital – 1777Mount Independence State Historic Site
. . . the new Hospital . . . 250 long & 24 wide.” - Rev. Enos Hitchcock, June 14, 1777 This shallow, dry-laid stone foundation was for the largest building at Mount Independence – a 250-foot long by 24-foot wide, two-story, wood frame General Hospital. This boardwalk is nearly as long as the hospital. On February 13, 1777, American Northern Department commander Gen. Philip Schuyler directed Chief Engineer Jeduthan Baldwin to “lose no time in preparing . . . — Map (db m19319) HM
Vermont (Addison County), Orwell — German Hut – 1777Mount Independence State Historic Site
Our men built huts out of boards to protect themselves from the cold weather.” - Lt. Von Hille, October 22, 1777 During the American occupation from July 1776 to July 1777, soldiers constructed a breastwork of logs and stone along the top of the rocky slope here. In June 1777, to further strengthen this land approach, they added three artillery batteries. After the British gained control of Mount Independence and Ticonderoga on July 6, 1777, the garrison of British . . . — Map (db m19436) HM
Vermont (Addison County), Orwell — Heritage Travelers over the Years
Some of the intrenchments are still visible.” – John Disturnell, 1857 After the American Revolution, numerous visitors curious to see the places that figured so prominently in the war for independence visited Mount Independence and recorded their observations. Peter Sally, 1784: “Fort Independence is directly opposite. The Americans in the late war built a bridge across the lake which separates Mount Independence from Ticonderoga. We saw its remains. . . . — Map (db m19501) HM
Vermont (Addison County), Orwell — Lake Champlain and the American RevolutionMount Independence State Historic Site
. . . the possession of every thing here depends upon keeping the Command of the Water.” - Maj. Gen. Horatio Gates, July 16, 1776 In front of you is Lake Champlain, at 120 miles long the sixth largest lake in the United States. For nearly 10,000 years it was a major travel route and resource for the original inhabitants here. The Iroquois called it Caniaderi-Guarunte, meaning “The Door to the Country,” because it penetrated deep into the forests. . . . — Map (db m19440) HM
Vermont (Addison County), Orwell — Military Road
Military Road from Mount Independence to Hubbardton 1777 Marked by Hands Cove Chapter D.A.R. 1933 — Map (db m9234) HM
Vermont (Addison County), Orwell — Mount IndependenceBastion of the Revolution
Fortification was begun in June of 1776, and the name Mount Independence was bestowed following the Declaration of Independence. Lieut. Col. Jeduthan Baldwin was the chief construction engineer. Here the exhausted American Army, Northern Department, was stationed after withdrawing from its disastrous Canadian Campaign. Built on a rocky plateau and stoutly fortified, the post was a natural stronghold facing any approaching foe from the north. Within its rugged confines thousands of New . . . — Map (db m9275) HM
Vermont (Addison County), Orwell — Mt. Independence Military RoadRoute to Hubbardton, 1777
After Ethan Allen seized Fort Ticonderoga, the Americans built Fort Mt. Independence, northwest from here on the Lake. Following Burgoyne’s invasion, Gen. St Clair evacuated the Forts, retreating across these hills to Hubbardton. Vermont Historic Sites Commission Map (db m9232) HM
Vermont (Addison County), Orwell — Officers Quarters – 1776Mount Independence State Historic Site
“ . . . some of the officers have good framed houses.” - Dr. Lewis Beebe, September 30, 1776 This fifteen-foot square, well-defined stone foundation may be the remains of quarters for one or more American officers in the Second Brigade, a unit of regiments from Massachusetts and New Hampshire encamped here the last half of 1776. Many soldiers arriving at Mount Independence after the retreat from Canada had lost their tents. Their first order of business was to clear . . . — Map (db m17863) HM
Vermont (Addison County), Orwell — Southern Battery – 1777Mount Independence State Historic Site
began the works at 3 places on Mount Independence.” - Col. Jeduthan Baldwin, June 20, 1777 On June, 1777, American Chief Engineer Jeduthan Baldwin wrote in his journal, “in the afternoon went with Col. Kosiusko to advise what works had best be done on the mount.” “Kosiusko” was classically trained Polish engineer Thaddeus Kosciuszko, Gen. Horatio Gates assigned him to survey the fortifications at Mount Independence and Fort . . . — Map (db m19437) HM
Vermont (Addison County), Orwell — Southern Defense Trail
This walkway is a loop approximately 0.2 mile long with stairs and gentle slopes. It leads you past the remains of a blockhouse (near the parking area), provides a look at the Mount’s rock formations, and provides a vista of the lake south of the Mount. A spur from this walkway leads down to the M/V Carillon boat dock. The theme of the walkway, southern defenses, represents British rather than American concerns here at Mount Independence. Although a dock for supply ships was located a . . . — Map (db m19536) HM
Vermont (Addison County), Orwell — Storehouse - 1776Mount Independence State Historic Site
ordered a large Stoer House to be built.” - Col. Jeduthan Baldwin, August 17, 1776 At least one of the storehouses constructed on Mount Independence during the Revolution stood in this area. Portions of the remaining stone foundations are discernable to the left, although the many outcroppings of bedrock and ledges make it difficult to distinguish between natural and man-made formations. The success of large defensive outposts such as Mount Independence, located . . . — Map (db m19366) HM
Vermont (Addison County), Orwell — The American Southern Defenses – 1776-1777
we are Building a Large & Long Breast work on the South Side.” - Pvt. Thomas Killam, August 19, 1776 When the American Northern Army arrived at Ticonderoga in mid-July 1776, the 300-acre peninsula opposite on the Vermont shore was a rugged land mass ideal for adaptation as a major fortification. What would soon be named Mount Independence faced north, toward the enemy, with water surrounding it on three sides and rugged cliffs and steep rock-strewn slopes on the . . . — Map (db m19543) HM
Vermont (Addison County), Orwell — Third Brigade Encampment – 1776Mount Independence State Historic Site
. . . our Men is clearing the Encamping Ground over the Lake.” - Sgt. Timothy Tuttle, July 23, 1776 In July 1776 Northern Army commander Gen. Horatio Gates organized regiments at Mount Independence and Ticonderoga into four brigades. Each brigade averaged four regiments, with 1,000 men in a full strength regiment. Three brigades were on the Mount: the First where the star or picket fort would be built, the Second in the area of the future General Hospital, and the . . . — Map (db m19318) HM
Vermont (Addison County), Orwell — To Repel the Enemy
The Generals have Fix’d on a spot . . . to be fortified.” - Lt. Col. Matthias Ogden, July 19, 1776 On July 5, 1777, Thomas Anburey, who was traveling with British Lt. Gen. John Burgoyne on Lake Champlain, observed as they approached Mount Independence and Fort Ticonderoga that “the Americans have employed their utmost industry where they are in the greatest force, upon Mount Independence, which is extremely lofty and circular.” Thanks to . . . — Map (db m19480) HM
Vermont (Addison County), Panton — Benedict Arnold
Near this spot on the afternoon of October 13, 1776 in the first important naval engagement of the War for Independence BENEDICT ARNOLDafter a battle in which he had displayed great boldness, gallantry and sagacity ran ashore and burned the remnants of the American squadron under his command as the only alternative to its surrender to a British fleet much stronger than his own. "Never had any force big or small, lived to better purpose or died more gloriously" - A.T. Mahan — Map (db m76010) HM WM
Vermont (Addison County), Ripton — Robert Frost1874 - 1963
A distinguished American poet by recognition and a Vermonter by preference, Robert Frost was Poet Laureate of Vermont and for many years “First Citizen” of the Town of Ripton. He was long associated with the Middlebury College School of English and its Writers’ Conference. “Breathes there a bard who isn’t moved When he finds his verse is understood And not entirely disapproved By his Country and his Neighbourhood?” — Robert Frost, 1961 — Map (db m37171) HM
Vermont (Addison County), Shoreham — Larrabee’s Point
John Larrabee established the first regular ferry here under a grant from the Vermont Legislature when the only business at the site was his tavern. In 1823, the year that the Champlain Canal opened, Larrabee and Samuel Holley built a store and a warehouse. A lively trade with the inland towns soon supported three stores, all supplied directly from Troy or Albany. Among the goods exported to the world from Larrabee’s Point, Merino sheep commanded the highest prices. Shoreham farmers bred some . . . — Map (db m15580) HM
Vermont (Addison County), Vergennes — Macdonough Shipyard
Below the Otter Creek Falls was the site of Thomas Macdonough's shipyard, where the U.S.S. Saratoga was built in 40 days and other ships launched that defeated the British at the Battle of Plattsburgh, 1814. — Map (db m75977) HM WM
Vermont (Addison County), Weybridge — Silas Wright1795-1847
Born at Amherst, Mass., Silas Wright came to Weybridge as an infant and grew up here. Graduated from Middlebury College in 1815, he studied Law at Sandy Hill, N.Y.; began Law practice at Canton, N.Y. in 1819, and entered politics there. A Brigadier General by 1824, he was State Senator, 1825-1827; U.S. Congressman, 1827-29; Comptroller, 1829-33; U.S. Senator, 1833-44; and Governor of New York, 1845-47. In 1844, General Wright had declined the Democratic Party nomination for U.S. . . . — Map (db m77967) HM
Vermont (Addison County), Weybridge — The U.S. Government Morgan Horse Farm
The U.S. Government established a Morgan horse breeding program in 1905 at the University of Vermont to study and refine the Morgan horse as a superior cavalry mount. That program moved here in 1907 when Joseph Battell donated this farm to the U.S. Government and the U.S. Government Morgan Horse Farm was created. In 1951 the University of Vermont assumed ownership. Joseph Battell, a devoted Morgan horse breeder, researched the history of the breed and published Vol. I of the first American . . . — Map (db m77965) HM
Vermont (Bennington County), Arlington — Chittenden Home
Oldest frame building one block east, built by Jehiel Hawley, 1764, was home of Thomas Chittenden, Vermont’s first Governor. Legend says the western vista, with its great pine, became the State Seal in 1779. Ethan and Ira Allen lived nearby. — Map (db m78249) HM
Vermont (Bennington County), Arlington — Dorothy Canfield Fisher(1879-1958)
Known for her depiction of rural life in Vermont, Fisher was a popular novelist and proponent of education. She introduced the Montessori teaching method to American readers and helped found the Adult Education Association in the U.S. Born in Lawrence, Kansas, she received a Ph.D. from Columbia University and lived most of her life in Arlington at the Canfield family home. After publication of The Brimming Cup in 1921, Fisher became one of the nation’s most popular novelists. She served . . . — Map (db m78248) HM
Vermont (Bennington County), Bennington — Ethan Allen
A few feet south from this stone stood the house in which Ethan Allen lived while he was a resident of Bennington 1769-1775 — Map (db m61279) HM
Vermont (Bennington County), Bennington — The "Corkscrew" Railroad
When wealthy North Bennington resident Trenor Park purchased the Bennington-Rutland Railroad, he found that the railroad "barons" of the Troy and Boston Railroad refused him access to the New York lines. Rather than fight this monopoly, Park built a rail line from Bennington to Lebanon Spring, NY, where he could transfer his trains to southbound rails while bypassing Troy. The dozens of turns over 40 miles of hilly terrain gave this stretch of railroad the name "Corkscrew." Passenger service . . . — Map (db m36902) HM
Vermont (Bennington County), Bennington — Vermont is a State I Love
The text of this marker found on both sides of this plaque. “I could not look upon the peaks of Ascutney, Eillington, Mansfield, and Equinox without being moved in a way that no other scene could move me. It was here that I first saw the light of day; here i received my bride; here my dead lie pillowed on the loving breast of our everlasting hills. I love Vermont because of her hills and valleys, her scenery and invigorating climate, but most of all, because of her indomitable . . . — Map (db m77057) HM
Vermont (Bennington County), Bennington — Vermont's Colonial ShrineVermont Legislature Joint Resolution December 11, 1935
Whereas, the Old First Church of Bennington was organized December 3, 1762, and is the Oldest Church within the present limits of Vermont; and Whereas, our forefathers met in Prayer in the First Meeting House for assistance against the oppressive measures of New York and the overwhelming power of King George, and to the First Meeting House returned from the capture of Fort Ticonderoga, the Battle of Bennington, the surrender of Burgoyne to offer up their Thanksgiving; and . . . — Map (db m28223) HM
Vermont (Bennington County), Dorset — DorsetHere New Hampshire Grants First Voted Independence
At Cephas Kent’s Tavern on the West Road, four Conventions were held, 1775-76, where finally the vote to form a "separate District" was passed by the delegates from the East and West sides without one dissenting vote. westerly 1½ mi. Map (db m78213) HM
Vermont (Bennington County), Dorset — Fenton Pottery Site1801-1810
Jonathon Fenton established a pottery and kiln near this site in 1801. He first made redware from clay found along the banks of the Mettowee River. He then became the first potter in Vermont to make salt-glazed stoneware. In 1810 he moved his pottery to East Dorset. His two sons, Richard Lucas Fenton and Christopher Webber Fenton, also became stoneware potters of note, working in East Dorset and later with the Norton family in Bennington. — Map (db m78224) HM
Vermont (Bennington County), Dorset — First Marble QuarryOldest Quarry in U.S., 1785
Here, near Mt. Aeolus, Isaac Underhill opened the first marble quarry in 1785. Dorset quarries were most active in early 1800's when small slabs were used for hearths, doorsills and headstones. With better transportation and saws, larger blocks were quarried. — Map (db m78226) HM
Vermont (Bennington County), Dorset — The Dorset Field ClubOldest Continually Operated Golf Course in the United States
Marker Front: On September 12, 1886 a group of golfers, principally from Troy and New York City, who summered in Dorset, laid out a nine hole golf course, then known as The Dorset Golf Links on this present site. The Club's first president and principal architect was A. W. Harrington, Jr. The other founding members were: Allen Bourne, Richard M. Campbell, James C. Chapin, Ransom H. Gillett, Joe H. Harrington, George B. Harrison, Fred S. Hawley, S. Frank Holley, W. E. Kent, Edwin Q. . . . — Map (db m77585) HM
Vermont (Bennington County), East Rupert — Harmon's Mint
On the site at Hagar Brook stood the small clapboarded mint-house in which Reuben Harmon, Jr. coined copper for the Republic of Vermont, 1785-1788. When the Federal Government was instituted in 1789, Vermont abandoned minting. This rare currency of the Republic of Vermont known as the Harmon Cent may be seen in Museums today. — Map (db m73639) HM
Vermont (Bennington County), Manchester — Lincoln’s HildeneSummer Home of Son of Civil War President
Eastward on the hillside can be seen the Manchester estate of Robert Todd Lincoln, eldest son of President Abraham Lincoln and Mary Todd Lincoln. He became fond of Vermont, and for over twenty years made this his summer home. He died here July 25, 1926. Vermont Historic Site Commission Map (db m20783) HM
Vermont (Bennington County), Manchester — The Revolutionary War
Ethan Allen crossed Lake Champlain to capture Fort Ticonderoga on May 10, 1775 for "America's First Victory." Allen's expedition passed through here on May 5, 1775. Nathan Beman from Manchester guided the expedition into the fort; John Roberts of Manchester was the head of the expedition's largest immediate family. In 1777, after evacuating Ft. Ti and Mount Independence, Gen. Arthur St. Clair traveled to the Saratoga area via Manchester. The first meetings of the Council of Safety (Vermont's . . . — Map (db m78237) HM
Vermont (Bennington County), Manchester — The Southern Vermont Arts Center
Begun in the 1920s as an informal artists' group for the exhibition of painting and sculpture, the Southern Vermont Arts Center has grown to become a leading Vermont institution devoted to performance, exhibition and studio art. It acquired the current site, the former Gertrude Divine Webster estate, in 1950. By 2000 a music pavilion, studios and museum expanded its role in the local and regional community. Hundreds of artists show and perform annually, and thousands attend programs, . . . — Map (db m78227) HM
Vermont (Bennington County), North Bennington — Home Where Lt .Colonel Baum Died
A few feet east of this marker stood the house, removed about 1870, in which Lieutenant Colonel Friedrich Baum died. Commander of the enemy forces, he was mortally wounded in the battle of Bennington and died two days later, August 18,1777. He was buried on the north bank of the Walloomsac River, west of this site, the precise spot not now known. — Map (db m58451) HM
Vermont (Bennington County), Old Bennington — Anthony Haswell1756 - 1816
Editor and publisher the Vermont Gazette Bennington Uncompromising in defense of freedom of the press Imprisoned in 1800 for opposition to Alien and Sedition Laws as threats to the newborn democracy Erected in 1912 On site of first printing press of Vermont Gazette Sigma Delta Chi National Professional Journalistic Fraternity — Map (db m77021) HM
Vermont (Bennington County), Old Bennington — Battle of Bennington
The Expedition led by Lieut. Col. Baum Sent to Seize Military Stores here, was Defeated by Volunteer Amer- ican Militia Forces from New Hampshire, Massachusetts and Vermont, Commanded by General John Stark, Aided By Colonels Warner and Herrick, of Vermont, Symonds, of Massachusetts, and Nichols of New Hampshire. [Reverse Side of Marker]: Monument Erected 1887-1891 Commemorates the Battle of Bennington, August 16, 1777. Height 301 Feet. The . . . — Map (db m13649) HM
Vermont (Bennington County), Old Bennington — Before the Battle Monument
was built there was no circular road on this hill top. The original road from Williamstown, Mass. came through Pownal, Vt. to Bennington, and continued straight through the village, over this hill north towards Shaftsbury. All of the buildings within the new circular road constructed around the Battle Monument were removed They included a carpenter shop, the Vermont Gazette Building (home of Vermont’s first newspaper), a book binder’s shop, a cabinet maker’s shop, a general store, the . . . — Map (db m77051) HM
Vermont (Bennington County), Old Bennington — Bennington Battle Monument
On August 16, 1777, British forces sent by Gen'l Burgoyne to seize supplies at Bennington were turned back by New Englanders under Gen'l John Stark and Vermont's Col. Seth Warner. This 306 foot commemorative shaft planned 100 years later, was dedicated in 1891. In 1953 it was taken over, restored and an elevator installed by the Vermont Historic Sites Commission which now administers it for the State. — Map (db m13600) HM
Vermont (Bennington County), Old Bennington — Birthplace of Vermont
Near this site stood the homestead of Lieut. James Breakenridge after years of peaceable possession his farm was claimed by New York land speculators - A sheriff and over three hundred men came from Albany to evict him from his home - Aided by men from Bennington a brave defense was made without bloodshed, proving to be a Declaration of Independence of the State of Vermont - July 19th 1771 - The home of four generations was destroyed by fire 1889 — Map (db m77019) HM
Vermont (Bennington County), Old Bennington — Captain Samuel Robinson
Near this spot in 1761 Captain Samuel Robinson the pioneer settler of Bennington, the first magistrate in what is now Vermont, and during his lifetime, the acknowledged leader of the settlers of the town built his first log cabin. Captain Robinson was born in 1705, at Cambridge, Mass. came to Bennington in 1761 after much service in the frontier wars. He was a the head of his company in the Battle of Lake George. He died in London, England, October 27, 1767, while on a mission to . . . — Map (db m77052) HM
Vermont (Bennington County), Old Bennington — Colonel Seth Warner
The Warner monument has text on the four sides of the base Born in Roxbury (then Woodbury) C.T. May 17, 1743 Resided in Bennington VT. 1765-1784 Died Dec. 26, 1784 at Roxbury CT Where he was buried with Honors of War Age 41 “Tell future ages what a hero’s done” This memorial erected by Colonel Olin Scott Bennington, A.D. 1910 Right side Commander of the Green Mountain Boys in Battles at Breakenridge Farms, July and Oct. 1771 Otter . . . — Map (db m77023) HM
Vermont (Bennington County), Old Bennington — Continental Storehouse Site
On this site stood the Continental Storehouse Object of the British attack that was repulsed by the Colonial Forces at the Battle of Bennington August 16, 1777 — Map (db m14828) HM
Vermont (Bennington County), Old Bennington — Henry Covered Bridgeacross the Walloomsac River
This quiet spot was once a major river crossing. Traffic between southwestern Vermont and New York State crossed here, until the railroad was built in 1852, troops marched from Manchester, Vermont to the Battle of Bennington in 1777, and teams and stages transported freight and passenger. The original Henry Covered Bridge was built c. 1840. In the 1860s and ‘70s, heavy wagon loads of iron ore were hauled over the bridge from the Burden Iron Company mine on Orebed Road to its washing works on . . . — Map (db m77062) HM
Vermont (Bennington County), Old Bennington — New Hampshire at the Battle of Bennington
Erected in honor of Brigadier General John Stark and the 1400 New Hampshire men who came to the defense of Vermont in August 1777. Assembling at Fort Number Four in Charleston, New Hampshire, Stark and his troops crossed the Green Mountains to aid in the defense of the newly-established State of Vermont. As the commander in chief of all the American forces from New Hampshire, Vermont, Massachusetts and New York, General Stark had approximately 2000 men in all in the first phase of the battle. . . . — Map (db m77022) HM
Vermont (Bennington County), Old Bennington — Site of the Catamount Tavern - 1767
The Catamount Tavern, which was built in 1767, was originally named the Green Mountain Tavern. The Council of Safety and the “Green Mountain Boys” met here from 1767 to 1775. On May 9, 1775, Ethan Allen and 270 men, 40 whom were “Green Mountain Boys”, captured Fort Ticonderoga from the British. The Catamount Tavern burned down in 1871. The first Post Office was located south of the Catamount Tavern until the building was moved to East Bennington by several yoke of oxen. — Map (db m77053) HM
Vermont (Bennington County), Pownal — Early Eighteenth Century Settlement
This site commemorates the gateway of Vermont’s earliest Dutch settlement, the Rensselaerwyck Manor settlement. The Diel Homestead, built by Bastion Diel in the early 1700s, is considered the second earliest dwelling in Pownal. The property’s large Dutch barn still stands across this historic roadway, today’s Route 346, which passes through Massachusetts, Vermont and New York. Bastion’s grandson, Mikel Diel, also lived here, was a Green Mountain Boy under Colonel Seth Warner, and fought at the Battle of Bennington August 16, 1777. — Map (db m78254) HM
Vermont (Bennington County), Pownal — PownalTwo Presidents Taught Here
Here two Presidents taught school at the beginning of their careers. Chester A. Arthur, a graduate of Union College, educated Pownal youth in 1851. Later while an undergraduate at Williams College, James A. Garfield did likewise. When Garfield was assassinated in 1881, Arthur succeeded him as President. — Map (db m78255) HM
Vermont (Bennington County), Rupert — Lt. Col. Robert CochranRevolutionary Hero Settled Here, 1769
Condemned to death by the N.Y. Assembly, Col. Cochran fought the Yorkers for Vermont land grants. Joining the Green Mt. Boys, he was with Ethan Allen at Ticonderoga and Seth Warner at Crown Point. Later he commanded Continental forces in the Mohawk Valley campaigns and undertook dangerous espionage duties in Canada for the American cause. — Map (db m77947) HM
Vermont (Bennington County), Shaftsbury — Governor Jonas Galusha Homestead
Jonas Galusha, born in Norwich, CT in 1753, moved his family to Shaftsbury in 1775. During the Revolutionary War he served with Seth Warner's Green Mountain Boys and was at the Battle of Hubbardton and a Captain during the Battle of Bennington. A blacksmith, innkeeper, carpenter and politician, he became the 5th Governor of Vermont and was re-elected for 9 terms from 1809 - 1819. His wife, Mary, was daughter of Gov. Thomas Chittenden. Gov. Jonas Galusha died in 1834 and is buried nearby in the . . . — Map (db m27799) HM
Vermont (Bennington County), Sunderland — SunderlandAllen families lived here
Ira Allen lived on this site by the Batten Kill and as Treasurer and Surveyor-General his "Office" helped shape the destiny of the Republic of Vermont. Here Ethan's family lived; here he dictated his freethinking "Oracles of Reason" in 1782. To his bride, his second wife, he presented the first copy. — Map (db m78238) HM
Vermont (Caledonia County), Barnet — Henry Stevens / Henry Stevens, Jr.
Born in Barnet on December 13, 1791, and educated at Peacham Academy, Henry Stevens was at various times a farmer, innkeeper, mill owner, legislator, postmaster, temperance leader, stage line proprietor, and operator of the Passumpsic Turnpike. A dedicated antiquarian who assembled Vermont's first great collection of historical materials, in 1838 he became a founder and the first president of the Vermont Historical Society. Stevens died on July 30, 1867, and is buried in the Stevens Cemetery. . . . — Map (db m77691) HM
Vermont (Caledonia County), Barnet — The Comerford Development at Fifteen Mile Falls
The Connecticut River, starting at the International Boundary, flows 380 miles to the Atlantic Ocean. In its course the river falls 1640 feet. In 1928, the New England Power Association started a two-year project to build one of the largest hydro-electric developments in the country. The dam is located in the towns of Monroe, NH and Barnet, VT and is 275 miles above the rivers mouth. When dedicated on September 30, 1930 President Herbert Hoover pressed a button at the White House to start the . . . — Map (db m74467) HM
Vermont (Caledonia County), Danville — Greenbank's HollowA Forgotten Village
On this site, in 1849, Benjamin Greenbank converted an existing small mill into a 5-story woolen factory. As many as 45 people worked here to produce up to 700 yards of cloth a day. Greenbank's Hollow, as it became known, included a company store, gristmill, sawmill, school, and several residences nearly all owned by Greenbank.

On December 14, 1885, a fire at the mill quickly spread and destroyed the village including the covered bridge. Greenbank did not rebuild and today only the . . . — Map (db m61392) HM

Vermont (Caledonia County), Danville — Thaddeus Stevens
Born crippled and poor in Danville in 1792, Stevens was schooled by his mother, Sally Morrill Stevens, and at nearby Caledonia County Grammar School, graduating from Dartmouth College in 1814. He became a brilliant lawyer, committed to racial equality. As an abolitionist Congressman from his adopted state of Pennsylvania and as Chair of the House Ways & Means Committee, he worked to finance the Civil War. He is recognized as the father of the 14th and 15th Amendments to the U.S. Constitution . . . — Map (db m20664) HM
Vermont (Caledonia County), East Burke — Mountain View Farm
This farm was established in 1883 by Elmer A. Darling (1848-1931), a native of East Burke who became part owner/manager of the world famous Fifth Avenue Hotel in New York City. After the hotel closed in 1908, Mr. Darling retired to the life of a gentleman farmer and raised prize-winning Morgan horses and Jersey cattle. The farm also produced the choice "Darling" brand of cheeses and butter. At its zenith, his prosperous Mountain View Farm included Burke Mountain and extended over 7,000 acres. . . . — Map (db m75981) HM
Vermont (Caledonia County), Lyndonville — Theodore N. VailPioneer in Creating the Telephone Industry
bought a farmhouse on this site in 1883. Continually enlarged by Vail, it became his permanent residence and office. Conferences held here culminated in the creation of the American Telephone and Telegraph Company with Vail its president, who proceeded to develop the world’s first mass communication system. — Map (db m75108) HM
Vermont (Caledonia County), Peacham — Caledonia County Grammar School
Caledonia County was set out from Orange County in 1792. Peacham chose to provide a County grammar school rather than a courthouse. The Caledonia County Grammar School (Peacham Academy) was chartered in 1795, the third County grammar school in Vermont. Classes commenced in 1797. Thaddeus Stevens, abolitionist and Pennsylvania Representative to the US Congress, and George B.M. Harvey, Ambassador to Great Britain, were among the notable persons educated here. Over 3000 students from Peacham and . . . — Map (db m77694) HM
Vermont (Caledonia County), Ryegate — James Whitehill Stone House1808
In the style of a Scottish stone croft (farmhouse), this house was erected by James Whitehill, a prosperous farmer and one of a large number of immigrants from Inchinnan Parish, Scotland, who settled Ryegate under the sponsorship of the Scotch American Company of Farmers. He purchased 600 acres, known as the Witherspoon Tract, from James Witherspoon, a signer of the Declaration of Independence who owned the entire township. Whitehill was a founder of the Ryegate Reformed Presbyterian Church. . . . — Map (db m77692) HM
Vermont (Caledonia County), Saint Johnsbury — First American Platform Scale
After experimenting with new types of farm equipment, plows and stoves, Thaddeus Fairbanks invented the platform scale here in 1830. With his brothers Erastus and Joseph, he founded the company which still bears their name. Many St. Johnsbury public institutions were gifts of this talented family. — Map (db m77603) HM
Vermont (Caledonia County), Saint Johnsbury — St. Johnsbury Trade School
Vermont's first and for many years only four year vocational school opened on Western Avenue on September 3, 1918. Needing skilled workers during World War I, Fairbanks, Morse & Co. started an all-day co-operative school where young men could learn a skilled trade, earn money and obtain a high-school education. The original building, known as the Casino, was partially remodeled in 1919 and completely remodeled in 1927. The first out-of-town students arrived for vocational training in 1927. The . . . — Map (db m77584) HM
Vermont (Caledonia County), St Johnsbury — First American Platform Scale
After experimenting with new types of farm equipment, plows, and stoves, Thaddeus Fairbanks invented the platform scale here in 1830. With his brothers Erastus and Joseph, he founded the company which still bears their name. Many St. Johnsbury public institutions were gifts of this talented family. — Map (db m74468) HM
Vermont (Caledonia County), St Johnsbury — Northeastern Speedway
Opened on July 18, 1959 as Vermont’s first organized auto racing track under the guidance of the Northeastern Racing Association, the State’s first motor sports sanctioning body. By instituting formal point and purse structures and focusing on driver and spectator safety, these pioneers laid the groundwork for a sport that continues to thrive today. — Map (db m65865) HM
Vermont (Chittenden County), Burlington — 2nd Vermont Volunteer Infantry Regiment
On June 24, 1861, the first Vermont soldiers who enlisted for service in the Civil War for three years left Burlington for Washington by rail. Four days earlier, the 866 officers and men from across the state had been mustered into the Union Army under Colonel Henry Whiting at the county fairgrounds. Company G was recruited mainly in Chittenden County. By autumn, the 2nd Vermont had been joined in the war zone by the 3rd through 6th Vermont. These five regiments were then formed into the . . . — Map (db m75584) HM
Vermont (Chittenden County), Burlington — Athletic Park
Located on the streetcar line between Burlington and Winooski, Athletic Park was the home of the University of Vermont's baseball and football teams and track-and-field events from 1887 until Centennial Field opened in 1906. It was also where Burlington's baseball team in the first Northern League played from 1901 to 1906. Among the baseball players who graced its diamond were future major leaguers Bert Abbey, Arlie Pond, Ed Reulbach, Jean Dubuc, Ray Collins, Larry Gardner and Eddie Collins, . . . — Map (db m75483) HM
Vermont (Chittenden County), Burlington — Battery ParkScene of British Attack in War of 1812
Here in June 1813, a Vermonter, Lieut. Churchill, and men built a parapet and set up a battery. On Aug. 3 a British gunboat and 2 sloops, 1½ miles offshore, began a cannonade. This attack was repulsed in 20 minutes by the American Battery and by 2 of Commodore Macdonough's armed scows. — Map (db m75582) HM
Vermont (Chittenden County), Burlington — Burial Place of General Ethan AllenBorn 1738 – Died 1789
The mortal remains of Ethan Allen, Vermont leader, fighter, writer and philosopher, lie in this cemetery beneath the marble statue, but his spirit is in Vermont now. — Map (db m51646) HM
Vermont (Chittenden County), Burlington — Centennial Field
Named to commemorate the 100th anniversary of the University of Vermont’s first graduating class, Centennial Field has been the home of UVM athletics since 1906. The three ballparks that have stood on this site have hosted semi-professional and minor league, as well as exhibitions by visiting Major League and Negro League ballclubs. The current grandstand, constructed in 1922, is one of the oldest still in use. Among the outstanding players who have graced Centennial’s diamond are Larry . . . — Map (db m23429) HM
Vermont (Chittenden County), Burlington — Church Street — Burlington, VT
Had you stood at this location in the early 1800s, you would have had to lift your skirt off the dirt lane to step up onto the plank sidewalk or guard your hat from the danger of low wooden canopies. Pedestrians competed with horse and carriage on this “road to the brick church” at the top of Church Street, as residents used to call it. Laid out as part of a 1797 grid plan, Church Street was among Burlington’s first north-south corridors. The street, anchored on the north by . . . — Map (db m23579) HM
Vermont (Chittenden County), Burlington — City Hall Park — Burlington, VT
In 1797, a city planned grid system was laid out for Burlington, incorporating the few transportation routes that existed, including King, Pearl, Church and Battery Streets. At the city’s center, space was reserved for a park (now City Hall Park) and courthouse. First known as Courthouse Square, the park became a focal point in the early 1800s attracting hotels, taverns, and offices in the early 1800s. The buildings bordering the park tell the story of the city’s growth from a frontier . . . — Map (db m23580) HM
Vermont (Chittenden County), Burlington — Ethan AllenPark is Site of Farm Owned by Hero of Ticonderoga
Putting behind him the martial deeds of a hero, Ethan came here in 1787 to till the soil as a peaceful farmer. On Feb. 12, 1789, he died here after a trip across the ice to South Hero. Memorial Tower was built on Indian Rock, traditional Algonquin look-out. — Map (db m75585) HM
Vermont (Chittenden County), Burlington — General William Wells / Dr. H. Nelson Jackson(1837-1892) / (1872-1955)
General William Wells (1837-1892) In 1861 William Wells joined the First Vermont Cavalry as a Private and rose to the rank of Brevet Major-General. Promoted more times than any other Vermonter during the American Civil War, he participated in over 70 cavalry battles and skirmishes. For “conspicuous gallantry” at Gettysburg, Wells was awarded the Congressional Medal of Honor. This French Second Empire mansion was built for General Wells in 1877 by A. B. Fisher from a drawing in . . . — Map (db m75549) HM
Vermont (Chittenden County), Burlington — Grace Goodhue Coolidge
On Oct. 4, 1905, at 2:30 p.m. in front of the bay window in the parlor of this house, Grace Goodhue married Calvin Coolidge of Plymouth Notch, VT. Calvin Coolidge became President of the United States and Grace served as First Lady from 1923-1929. Built in 1899, the house at 312 Maple Street was the family home of Capt. Andrew Goodhue, his wife Lemira, and their only child Grace Anna. Capt. Goodhue was federal steamboat inspector for the Lake Champlain Transport Co. The Goodhue family moved . . . — Map (db m75591) HM
Vermont (Chittenden County), Burlington — Howard William Plant memorial
Dedicated to the memory of HOWARD WILLIAM PLANT Born July 25, 1900 Enlisted in U.S. Navy June 8, 1916 Wireless operator U.S. Destroyer Jacob Jones Torpedoed at sea December 6, 1917 First Burlington boy to die in the World War — Map (db m75563) WM
Vermont (Chittenden County), Burlington — John DeweyPhilosopher and Pioneer in Modern Education
Born here on Oct. 20, 1859, John Dewey attended local schools and in 1879 graduated from the University of Vermont. Dewey was world-renowned as a philosopher and author of many books. Ideas drawn from his educational doctrines profoundly influenced American education. John Dewey died June 1, 1952; his ashes are buried near Ira Allen Chapel at UVM. — Map (db m75558) HM
Vermont (Chittenden County), Burlington — Little Italy
Beginning in the early 1900s, the area directly to the east housed numerous emigrants. Many moved here from Italy with hopes to build better lives. Some worked in the lumber mills and railroad yards that bordered the lake. In the process, they created a community of over 140 homes, lush gardens, thriving businesses, community social centers, and Catholic schools and churches. In the 1960s this area became the center of Vermont's largest urban renewal project. The final home was razed in 1968. . . . — Map (db m75562) HM
Vermont (Chittenden County), Burlington — Mary Martha Fletcher(1830-1885)
Mary Fletcher, born in Jericho, Vt., moved here with her family at age 20. Following her father’s death, the family established Fletcher Free Library (1873). Mary Fletcher continued her parents’ benefactions. She founded Mary Fletcher Hospital (1879), the first general hospital in Vermont, and Training School for Nurses (1882). Mary Fletcher Hospital later became Fletcher Allen Health Care, Vermont’s academic health center. Mary herself suffered ill health and lived simply and privately. She . . . — Map (db m75501) HM
Vermont (Chittenden County), Burlington — Site of the American House1808 - 1893
Site of the American House 1808-1893 Presidents Monroe, Van Buren, Pierce, Grant Generals Scott, Wool, Hampton Henry Clay, and other famous famous people entertained here. — Map (db m21813) HM
Vermont (Chittenden County), Burlington — Steamer "Vermont"Launched here in 1808
John and James Winans built here the second successful steamboat to operate commercially, only two years after Robert Fulton made his historic trip up the Hudson on the "Clermont". The Champlain Transportation Co. was one of the oldest steamboat companies when it suspended operation in 1932. — Map (db m75561) HM
Vermont (Chittenden County), Burlington — The Battery
The battery of thirteen guns on this ground repulsed an attack of three British gunboats June 13 1813 It was the defense of Burlington and of the United States Army here encamped during the war of 1812 This tablet was erected by the Green Mountain Chapter, Daughters of the American Revolution — Map (db m75564) HM WM
Vermont (Chittenden County), Burlington — William Wells
Brevet Major General U.S. Vols. 1837-1892 First Lieut. Co. C 1st Vermont Cavalry Oct. 14 1861 Captain Co. C Nov. 18 1861 Major Dec. 30 1862 Colonel July 2 1864 Brevet Brigadier General U.S. Vols. Feb. 22 1865 Brevet Major General U.S. Vols. "For gallant and meritorious services" March 13 1865 Brigadier General U.S. Vols. May 19 1865 Honorably mustered out Jan. 15 1866 Twice wounded and once a prisoner Awarded medal of honor for "Most distinguished gallantry at . . . — Map (db m75579) HM WM
Vermont (Chittenden County), Cambridge — Cambridge Junction Bridge
This bridge was built in 1887 by George W. Holmes in order to access an important railroad junction and the surrounding village of Cambridge Junction. The Burr Arch structure has a clear span of 135 feet, making it one of the longest spans of its type in the United States. The bridge is also known as the "Poland Bridge" after the retired judge who led a lawsuit against the Town of Cambridge that resulted in the bridge's construction. The bridge was rehabilitated in 2003-04 with funds from the . . . — Map (db m61227) HM
Vermont (Chittenden County), Charlotte — The Charlotte WhaleThe Vermont State Fossil
In 1849 an 11,000 year old Beluga Whale was found north of this site in what had been the Champlain Sea. Resident J.G. Thorp collected the bones, and naturalist Zadock Thompson assembled the skeleton now displayed in the Perkins Museum of Geology at UVM. — Map (db m75963) HM
Vermont (Chittenden County), Jericho — "Snowflake" BentleyJericho's world famous snowflake authority
For fifty years Wilson A. Bentley, a farmer and self taught scientist, developed his technique of photomicrography to reveal to the world the grandeur and mystery of the snowflake — its universal hexagonal shape and its infinite number of lovely designs. — Map (db m74314) HM
Vermont (Chittenden County), Milton — Historic Lake Islands - Samuel De Champlain
These islands were first seen by a European in 1609, when Samuel De Champlain explored the Lake which bears his name and claimed them for the King of France. Ceded in 1763 to Britain, they became part of the Royal Colony of New York. After 1776, several American Revolutionary heroes received Land Grants here, and two islands were so named. In 1783 this area joined the Free and Independent Republic of Vermont. Here is history and legend of the famous Allen family, the Green Mountain Boys, Rogers’ Rangers and many others. — Map (db m74516) HM
Vermont (Chittenden County), Richmond — A Tribute to the Cochran Family of Richmond, VT
A skiing family....whose combined efforts as members of U.S. ski teams in Olympic and world competition have brought fame and recognition to themselves, their nation and to this Vermont ...Community Gold Medal Winner Barbara Cochran 1972....Olympics — Map (db m76392) HM
Vermont (Chittenden County), Richmond — Richmond, Vermont
Richmond sits along a natural east-west corridor, the Winooski River. The Abenaki used this corridor for 10,000 to 12,000 years. Archaeologists have established a fall hunting site used around 1500 AD at the mouth of the Huntington River. Richmond was created by an Act of the Vermont Legislature on October 2y7, 1794 from parts of the towns of New Huntington, Williston & Jericho. A small section of Bolton was annexed on October 25, 1804. The first businesses in town were located near this . . . — Map (db m76389) HM
Vermont (Chittenden County), Richmond — Richmond's Fallen Son
10th Mountain Division Richmond's Fallen Son PFC Adam J. Muller US Army Gunner HHC, 1st BSTB -Team Iroquois Killed serving our country in Iraq 11/5/07 — Map (db m76391) HM
Vermont (Chittenden County), Richmond — The Citizens of Richmond
In Memoriam erected by The Citizens of Richmond in honor of her patriotic men and women who served their country in the World War 1917 - 1919 — Map (db m76390) WM
Vermont (Chittenden County), Richmond — The Round Church
This 16-sided church, Richmond's first meeting house, was built by a group led by William Rhodes in 1812-12 on land donated by Issac Gleason & Thomas Whitcomb. The first Proprietors were members of five denominations: Baptist, Christian, Congregational, Methodist & Universalist. Richmond Town Meetings were held here for 160 years, until 1973, when it was closed due to structural problems an for restoration. Maintained by the Richmond Historical Society, and staffed by volunteers, this National . . . — Map (db m76387) HM
Vermont (Essex County), Concord — 1st Normal SchoolPioneer in Teacher Training
The first recognized school for the purpose of training teachers was conducted near here by the Rev. Samuel Read Hall, 1823-25. Practice teaching was employed, with lectures on Schoolkeeping, which became in 1829, the first professional book for teachers. 2.4 miles south at Concord Corners. — Map (db m74469) HM
Vermont (Essex County), East Concord — George Lansing FoxOne of the 4 Dorchester Chaplains
Called from his Gilman parish to serve as a Chaplain in World War II, First Lieutenant Fox died when the Dorchester was torpedoed in the North Atlantic. Giving his life jacket to a soldier, he perished with three other chaplains, in one of the most heroic acts of the War. — Map (db m77604) HM
Vermont (Essex County), Granby — Rogers' Rangers Cemetery1759
This stone cairn marks the graves of two Rogers' Rangers who died during the French and Indian War. Their gruesome deaths were recorded in the diary of Lieutenant George Campbell: "(Sergeant) Lewis had told me that his party had shot a Moose near a River but it disappear'd in ye woods & they were to weak to track it, except 3 rangers who came upon ye Moose being attack'd by wolves who turn'd on ye 3 Rangers & kill'd one of them & mortally wd. Ye other 2 who crawled to Lewis where they died." . . . — Map (db m75587) HM
Vermont (Essex County), Guildhall — VermontMajor cross-state route
U.S. 2 is the major highway between the Atlantic and Lake Champlain. It leads through St. Johnsbury, the maple sugar center, down the Winooski River to Montpelier, through the tallest mountains at Bolton Gorge to Lake Champlain at Burlington, University center and the state’s largest city. — Map (db m77605) HM
Vermont (Essex County), Island Pond — Island Pond
Pioneer Railroad Planner John A. Poor’s dream of an International Railway connecting Montreal, Canada with the Ice-free harbor of Portland, Maine became a reality on July 18, 1853, when the first through trains met at this great halfway point on the Grand Trunk Railway. — Map (db m75118) HM
Vermont (Franklin County), Enosburg Falls — Birthplace of Larry Gardner
Larry Gardner was born in the house at 14 School Street on May 13, 1886. After leading Enosburg Falls High School to the 1905 state baseball championship and starring at the University of Vermont for three seasons, Gardner joined the Boston Red Sox in 1908. One of the premier third baseman of his era, Gardner played seventeen seasons in the major leagues, participating in four World Series before retiring in 1924. In 1973 the Society for American Baseball Research chose Gardner as Vermont’s greatest baseball player. — Map (db m77847) HM
Vermont (Franklin County), Fairfield — Chester A. ArthurBirthplace of 21st President
Although the exact location is debated, Chester A. Arthur was born on Oct. 5, 1829 in Fairfield. He became a New York lawyer and politician and was elected Vice-President in 1880. Upon the assasination of James Garfield, Arthur became president on Sept. 20, 1881. His administration was distinguished by the creation of the U.S. Civil Service, better relations with Central and South America, and the revival of the U.S. Navy. Arthur died Nov. 18, 1886. The State-Owned Historic Site is 5 miles northwest from here. — Map (db m36935) HM
Vermont (Franklin County), Fairfield — Chester A. Arthur21st President of the United States
Research indicates Chester Alan Arthur was born in Fairfield, Vermont, on October 5, 1829. When he was less than a year old his parents moved to a new parsonage built at this site. After graduating Phi Beta Kappa from Union College, he became a lawyer championing civil rights for blacks. Later, as Quartermaster General, he organized the provision of food & supplies to Union Civil War soldiers. On September 19, 1881, Arthur became president following the assassination of James Garfield. As . . . — Map (db m36936) HM
Vermont (Franklin County), Fairfield — Consuelo Northrop Bailey
Born in Fairfield in 1899 at her family farm, Consuelo Northrop attended grade school in Sheldon and high school in St. Albans. In 1921 she graduated from the University of Vermont. Later she entered Boston University Law School, graduating in 1925. In 1940 she married Henry Albon Bailey. Consuelo Bailey was the "first" in many areas: first woman city prosecutor for Burlington, first woman lawyer in VT to try a murder case, first VT woman to be admitted to practice law before the U.S. Supreme . . . — Map (db m65132) HM
Vermont (Franklin County), Highgate Center — Saxe's Mills
Here in 1786 John Saxe, (Johannes Sachse) a Loyalist from Rhinebeck, N.Y, built the area's first gristmill. His sons added a sawmill, potashery, general store, post office, and tavern. They incorporated the town of Highgate in this house in 1805, and served in numerous offices; Matthew as Highgate's first elected Town Clerk, Conrad as Captain of the militia during the War of 1812, and Peter as member of the Vermont General Assembly and Franklin County Judge.   Peter's son, John Godfrey Saxe, . . . — Map (db m74652) HM
Vermont (Franklin County), Sheldon — Colonel Elisha Sheldon1741-1805
In 1776, at the request of General Washington, Elisha Sheldon was commissioned by Congress to raise a regiment of cavalry. Named the 2nd Continental Light Dragoons, the unit served with distinction throughout the Revolutionary War. In 1791, Colonel Sheldon, his sons Major Samuel, Elisha, Jr., and George, and their families came, with other families, from Connecticut as first settlers of this town. The town was originally chartered as Hungerford but the name was changed to Sheldon in 1792. The . . . — Map (db m43774) HM
Vermont (Franklin County), Sheldon — Sheldon, VermontSite of Civil War Action — October 19, 1864
On their retreat to Canada after an attack on St. Albans, a 22-man Confederate detachment rode into Sheldon near dark. Crossing a covered bridge which stood on the site, they set it on fire, but alert village citizens saved the bridge. In great haste to escape an aroused countryside, the invaders gave up a planned foray on the local bank. — Map (db m76883) HM
Vermont (Franklin County), Sheldon Junction — Fenian RaidsAttempted Canadian Invasion North of Here — 1866 and 1870
After Civil War, two attempts of Irish patriots to invade Canada and set up a free Irish republic were repulsed between Franklin and Cook's Corners. Fenians gathered in St. Albans, marched via Sheldon to the border but were stopped by Canadian arms and U.S. authorities. — Map (db m74434) HM
Vermont (Franklin County), St. Albans — St. Albans Raid
The Civil War entered Vermont, October 19, 1864, when 22 Confederates spread terror from the north, robbed three banks and shot up the town. Stealing horses, they fled back into Canada. There, after trial, they were freed and the banks partially reimbursed. — Map (db m61958) HM
Vermont (Franklin County), Swanton — Missisquoi Village and MissionSwanton / Highgate
The ancient Missisquoi / Mazipskoik Abenaki village was the region's focal point into the 1760's. In 1744, Jesuits built a cabin which served into the 1790's as the first longterm Christian mission in Vermont. Speculators took much of the Abenaki land by 1798, but the Abenaki Nation of Missisquoi survived. In the 1860's, Swanton historian John Perry lamented the hasty destruction of the old village noting its antiquity and great importance to all. Nearby, the Abenakis live quietly to this day. — Map (db m44655) HM
Vermont (Grand Isle County), Alburgh — Historic Lake Islands - Samuel De Champlain
These islands were first seen by a European in 1609, when Samuel de Champlain explored the Lake which bears his name and claimed them for the King of France. Ceded in 1763 to Britain, they became part of the Royal Colony of New York. After 1776, several American Revolutionary heroes received Land Grants here and two islands were so named. In 1783, the area joined the Free and Independent Republic of Vermont. Here is history and legend of the famous Allen family, the Green Mountain Boys, Rogers Rangers, and many others. — Map (db m75482) HM
Vermont (Grand Isle County), Alburgh — Missile Site
First Intercontinental Ballistic Missile Site east of the Mississippi River. Built 1960 - 1962 by the U.S. Air Force. — Map (db m75481) HM
Vermont (Grand Isle County), Alburgh — The Bohannon SiteA Native American Village
In 2007, archaeologists completed investigations discovering a pre-Contact village occupied sometime between A.D. 1400-1600. Evidence of longhouses, and cooking and food processing, provide clues about the villagers' lives. Thousands of artifacts, including fragments of decorated pottery jars and smoking pipes, testify to their artistic skills. The remains of maize (corn) and bone from fish, frog, turtle, birds and mammals, ranging in size from squirrel to black bear, recovered from hearths and . . . — Map (db m74725) HM
Vermont (Grand Isle County), Grand Isle — Hyde Log CabinBuilt circa 1783
This pioneer log cabin was one of the first buildings constructed in this area. Built from cedar logs by Jedediah Hyde, Jr., an engineer and veteran of the Revolutionary War, it was the home of the Hyde family for over 150 years. The cabin has one large room, heated by a stone fireplace, and a loft above. Many believe this is the oldest log cabin in the United States. The cabin was moved two miles to this location in 1946 by the Vermont Historical Society and restored in 1956 and in 1985. The . . . — Map (db m75485) HM
Vermont (Grand Isle County), Isle La Motte — A Place Of Pilgrimage
Many centuries before Samuel de Champlain's July 1609 landfall, Isle La Mottte had been a meeting place for the lake's neighboring native peoples. The Wonbanakiak on the eastern shore called the land Bitawbagw, or "the waters between," while the Iroquois (Mohawk) of the western shore knew it as Caniaderiguarunte, the "gateway to the country."

In 1666, French captain Pierre de Saint Paul, Sieur de la Motte, was detailed with 300 men to construct a fort on this site, for defense against the . . . — Map (db m49374) HM

Vermont (Grand Isle County), Isle La Motte — Samuel de Champlain Monument
Created in the Vermont Pavilion during the Universal and International Exposition of 1967 at Montreal, Canada. Presented to the Town of Isle La Motte by the State of Vermont. Dedicated on July 7, 1968. — Map (db m74722) HM
Vermont (Grand Isle County), Isle La Motte — Site of French Fort Ste. AnneVermont's oldest settlement
On this shore was the site of Fort Ste. Anne built in 1666 by Capt. Pierre La Motte for defense against the Mohawks. The Jesuits celebrated the first Mass and erected the first Chapel. Though not permanent, this was Vermont's first white settlement. — Map (db m74721) HM
Vermont (Grand Isle County), Isle La Motte — Sweet's Ferry
From here, "The Chazy Landing Ferry," completed the major automobile route across northern Lake Champlain from Isle La Motte, VT, to Chazy Landing, NY, before the Rouses Point-Alburgh bridge was built. In 1905 Will Sweet designed, built, owned, and operated the first gasoline powered ferry on Lake Champlain named "The Twins" (for his sons Clinton and Gerald). In 1916 he constructed a larger ferry named "Twin Boys." The ferries operated from 1905-1937 and were prominent on early road maps. — Map (db m74718) HM
Vermont (Grand Isle County), Isle La Motte — Theodore Roosevelt's Visit to Isle La Motte
On this site on September 6, 1901, Vice President Teddy Roosevelt was a guest at the home of Lieut. Gov. Nelson Fisk to be the main speaker at the annual meeting of the Vermont Fish and Game League. Here Roosevelt learned that President McKinley had been shot in Buffalo, NY. McKinley died eight days later and Roosevelt became the 26th US President. — Map (db m74729) HM
Vermont (Lamoille County), Belvidere Center — George Washington HendersonFirst African-American Elected to Phi Beta Kappa, Minister, Educator, Champion of His Race
Born in Virginia in 1850, Henderson was employed as a servant by Henry Carpenter, adjutant in the Eighth Vermont Regiment in the Civil War. In 1865 he accompanied Carpenter to his home in Belvidere and began "to learn his letters." After study with Oscar Atwood in Underhill and at Barre Academy, he entered the University of Vermont and graduated at the top of his class in 1877. He taught in schools in Jericho, Craftsbury, and Newport. After graduating in 1883 from Yale Divinity School, he went . . . — Map (db m74259) HM
Vermont (Lamoille County), Johnson — Julian Scott1846-1901
Julian Scott, Vermont’s most renowned Civil War artist, was born in this Johnson house in 1846. At the start of the Civil War, when only 15, he enlisted as a fifer in the Third Vermont Regiment. Scott was awarded a Medal of Honor -- for rescuing wounded under enemy fire at the Battle of Lee’s Mills, Virginia. He later studied art under Emanuel Leutze at the National Academy of Design in New York and in 1870 was elected an associate member of the Academy. “The Battle of Cedar . . . — Map (db m77551) HM
Vermont (Lamoille County), Wolcott — Fisher BridgeWolcott, Vermont
This bridge, spanning the Lamoille River on the St. Johnsbury & Lamoille County R. R., is the last railroad covered bridge still in regular use in Vermont and one of the very few left in the U.S. Built in 1908, it is the only remaining with full-length cupola, which provided a smoke escape. In 1968 the bridge was scheduled for destruction to make way for a new steel span. It was saved by placing heavy steel beams underneath. This preservation was achieved with State funds and with generous . . . — Map (db m36934) HM
Vermont (Lamoille County), Wolcott — Reverend George S. Brown(1801-1886)
Reverend Brown was the first African American Methodist minister in Vermont. He was born in Newport, RI and became a Methodist minister in Kingsbury, NY in 1833. He made a living by building stone walls; many of which are still standing today. Brown served as a missionary to Liberia from 1837-1843. In 1855 he organized Methodist classes in Wolcott and supervised the building of the church in 1856. As far as can be determined this is the only church he served in the United States as the preacher in charge. He died in Glens Falls, NY. — Map (db m77582) HM
Vermont (Orange County), Bradford — BradfordHome of Maker of 1st Globes and Birthplace of Adm. Clark
James Wilson, a Bradford farmer and self-taught engraver, in early 1800’s made and sold the first geographical globes in the U.S. Adm. Chas. Clark, born here in 1843, was Captain of the “Oregon”, which sailed around the Cape Horn to defeat Spanish at Santiago Bay in 1898. — Map (db m65832) HM
Vermont (Orange County), Bradford — Rear Admiral Charles Edgar Clark U.S.N.
Born Bradford, Vermont August 10, 1843 Died Long Beach California Oct. 1. 1922 Entered Annapolis Naval Academy Sept. 29, 1860 With Farragut Battle Mobile Bay Aug 5, 1864 Race of U.S.S. Oregon from California to Florida Mar. 16-May 26, 1898 Battle at Santiago Cuba July 3, 1898 — Map (db m65831) HM WM
Vermont (Orange County), Fairlee — Nathaniel Niles1741 – 1828
Revolutionary War patriot and author of the popular ode "The American Hero," written in celebration of the Battle of Bunker Hill, Nathaniel Niles was an original settler of Fairlee, then founder of West Fairlee, and first minister of this church. He came to Fairlee soon after the Revolution from Norwich, Connecticut, where he was active in politics, manufacturing and religion. During a public career that spanned three decades in Vermont, Niles served on the state Supreme Court, as Speaker of . . . — Map (db m65091) HM
Vermont (Orange County), Fairlee — Samuel MoreyPioneer Inventor of Steam and Gas Engines lived here
Samuel Morey, resident of Orford and later Fairlee, successfully operated a steamboat on the Conn. River in 1793. Making over 4000 experiments, this early scientist patented an internal combustion engine in 1826 to anticipate the age of the motor car and airplane. — Map (db m32118) HM
Vermont (Orange County), Newbury — Old Court House
Here stood from 1773 to 1801 the old court house with jail connected for Gloucester County New York, which became Orange County Vermont. It was used for a meeting house until 1788. The Legislature of 1787 met in this building. A few rods northerly stood the log fort of revolutionary days. — Map (db m48618) HM
Vermont (Orange County), South Strafford — Elizabeth Mine
In the 1790s a body of ore was discovered here, leading to the production of copperas from 1809 - 1880s and the intermittent production of copper from 1832 - 1958. The mine site covered 850 acres, and over three million tons of ore were extracted from open cuts and below ground. By 1834 the site included one of the nation's earliest successful large-scale copper smelting plants. Employing as many as 220 workers, the mine had a major impact on the economic and cultural development of Strafford . . . — Map (db m64920) HM
Vermont (Orange County), Strafford — Morrill Homestead
Justin Smith Morrill, father of the act establishing land grant colleges, constructed this house, 1848-1851. Maintained as a life-long residence. The Homestead is registered as a National Historic Landmark. — Map (db m64973) HM
Vermont (Orange County), Strafford — StraffordBirthplace of Justin Smith Morrill
Born April 14, 1810, Senator Morrill served 43 years in the Congress. He won unique fame as author of the Morrill Acts, signed by Abraham Lincoln, 1862. These established our land-grant colleges and universities, securing and broadening higher education in the U.S. — Map (db m65008) HM
Vermont (Orange County), Tunbridge — Site of 1780 Raid
On the Tunbridge hilltop, across the meadow, three hundred Indians, led by the British in the wanning years of the Revolutionary War, laid in wait the night of Oct. 15, 1780. As dawn approached on the 16th, they began their pillaging, reducing homes to ashes, capturing and killing unsuspecting settlers. Near this site in the Royalton meadow by the river, young Thomas Pember lost his life. On the hill, northeast of here, Peter Button met the same fate. When the raiders had finished marauding the . . . — Map (db m73916) HM
Vermont (Orleans County), Barton — Henry M. LelandDesigner of Cadillac and Lincoln Automobiles
Born in Barton on February 16, 1843 to a hard working farm family, Henry Leland carried into his life the strength and quality of his family’s work ethic adding to it his gift and love for precision. By 1890, Leland was in Detroit where he had become chief engineer at Cadillac. Known as one of the world’s foremost automobile engineers, he won the Dewar Trophy twice:1909 for the concept of interchangeable parts and in 1914, with C.F. Kettering, for the automobile self-starter. At 74, he formed . . . — Map (db m75107) HM
Vermont (Orleans County), Derby — Derby Academy1840-1967 — The Oldest Incorporated School in Orleans County
On this site the Derby Literary and Theological Institute - a private boarding school - was founded by the Danville Baptist Association on one acre of land given by Lemuel Richmond and Benjamin Hinman. Colonel Chester Carpenter led a campaign for support as citizens readily came forth with money, labor, and their produce to build a secondary school. Donated cattle were driven to a Brighton, Massachusetts market to help raise funds. Countless numbers of students and this community have lived and . . . — Map (db m75586) HM
Vermont (Orleans County), Derby Line — Haskell Free Library and Opera House
This structure is doubly unusual: it not only straddles the Canada-United States boundary but also contains the rare combination of a library and a theatre. Built between 1901 and 1904 as the gift of the Haskell family of Vermont, it testifies to the late Victorian belief in the intellectual and moral benefits of education and the arts. Its Queen Anne Revival style, as designed by James Ball, is typical of public libraries of the period. The second storey opera house follows accepted principles . . . — Map (db m75167) HM
Vermont (Orleans County), Derby Line — VermontOrleans County Route
Derby Line demonstrates the goodwill between Canada & the United States with its International Rotary Club, and Haskell Library and Opera House built astride the boundary line. Southward in Orleans County lie two of New England’s most beautiful lakes: Memphremagog and Willoughby. — Map (db m75259) HM
Vermont (Orleans County), Glover — Runaway Pond
On this site, on June 6, 1810 settlers dug an outlet to the north from what was then known as Long Pond. The retaining bank collapsed, causing all water from the 1.5-mile long pond to be discharged toward Barton River, and on to Lake Memphremagog, with extensive damage to the countryside, but no loss of life. — Map (db m75120) HM
Vermont (Rutland County), Belmont — Village of MechanicsvilleFounded in Early 1800's
Mechanicsville was a village center in the Town of Mount Holly, which was chartered in 1792. The village prospered with the growth of water-powered manufacturing, that included sawmills, gristmills, wheelwrights, furniture shops, and the A.P. Chase Toy Factory. As manufacturing declined, Mechanicsville became popular with vacationers. The citizens petitioned to have the village name changed to Belmont to better fit the image of an idyllic summer retreat. The change was enacted on September 2nd, 1911. — Map (db m78153) HM
Vermont (Rutland County), Brandon — Brandon Training School
Established in 1915, the program served Vermonters with mental retardation and developmental disabilities continuously until 1993. Founded as the Brandon State School for Feebleminded Children, the name was changed to Brandon State School in 1929 and later to the Brandon Training School. Begun as a working farm, many original structures still exist, including remnants of a horse racetrack visible from Route 7. The campus grew to include over 30 buildings and 400 acres, and served over 650 . . . — Map (db m76003) HM
Vermont (Rutland County), Brandon — Forest Dale Ironworks
Ironworking began at Forest Dale in 1810 using local ore. By 1823 a blast furnace was producing pig iron and a variety of ornamental iron. The Green Mountain Iron Company acquired the facility in 1854 to produce parlor stoves. The furnace was refitted to burn coal instead of charcoal, but apparently failed as the furnace shut down that same year. The furnace reopened in 1865 as the Brandon Iron Company, but closed for the last time by the end of that year. — Map (db m78178) HM
Vermont (Rutland County), Brandon — Stephen A. DouglasOpponent of Abraham Lincoln
The ‘little giant’ of national politics, born in Brandon in 1813, later moved to Middlebury to learn cabinet making. Returning to Brandon, he attended the Academy. Moving to Illinois in 1833, his career merged with the stream of American politics, reaching the height in his famous debates with Abraham Lincoln in 1858. Although Lincoln’s opponent during the campaign, he supported the Union until his death in June, 1861. — Map (db m76006) HM
Vermont (Rutland County), Castleton — "Vermont's First College"
On this site Castleton State College, Vermont’s first college and the eighteenth oldest in the nation, was first established as the Rutland County Grammar School, chartered by the General Assembly of the Republic of Vermont on October 15, 1787. The College moved to its present campus in 1833. — Map (db m78184) HM
Vermont (Rutland County), Castleton — Edwin L. Drake1819-1880 — Founder of the Oil Industry
Drilling the first modern oil well in the United States on August 27, 1859 at Titusville, Penna., Drake struck oil at 69 feet and launched one of the world’s great industries. On a farm on Drake Road, near this spot, he lived as a boy and attended the local schools. — Map (db m78199) HM
Vermont (Rutland County), Castleton — Fort WarrenBattle of Hubbardton — Seven Miles North
Directly east is the elevation of Fort Warren, built in 1779 for defense of the northern frontier. The road from the north was route of American retreat before Burgoyne, protected by Col. Seth Warner’s rearguard action at the Battle of Hubbardton, July 7, 1777. — Map (db m78183) HM
Vermont (Rutland County), Castleton — The "Old Chapel"Castleton Medical College — (1818-1862)
Castleton Medical College was the first such college in Vermont. This structure, built in 1821, was originally located on Main Street west of the present town library. In 1864 a leading citizen presented the building to Harriet Haskell, Principal of Castleton Seminary. It has served the College as dormitory, classrooms, and chapel and is a reminder of traditions which date back to the College’s founding in 1787. It is listed on the National Register of Historic Places. — Map (db m78198) HM
Vermont (Rutland County), Center Rutland — Center Rutland DepotConstructed Circa 1912
The Center Rutland Depot is a classic example of an early 1900's rail station. Built at the junction of the Delaware and Hudson and Rutland Railroads, the depot served the area's passenger and freight customers until the late 1950's. — Map (db m77980) HM
Vermont (Rutland County), Center Rutland — Mead's Falls
James Mead, Rutland's first settler, arrived at these falls on the Otter Creek in 1769. The next year he and his family were given shelter by members of the Caughnawaga tribe while they finished their log cabin. Mead built saw and grist mills on the falls and ran a ferry on the Otter Creek. He was an ardent defender of the New Hampshire Grants and served as a colonel in the militia. Mead's Falls was an important military site: the 1759 Crown Point Military Road ran by here. General Arthur St. . . . — Map (db m77440) HM
Vermont (Rutland County), Clarendon — Kingsley Grist Mill
The last of a dozen mills that dotted Mill River during the 18th and 19th century. Kingsley Grist Mill stands just upstream of the 1870 Town lattice truss covered bridge.

Kingsley's Mill, the only mill ever designed and built by nationally known Vermont covered bridge builder Nicholas M. Powers of Clarendon, served Vermont's grain production needs from 1882 until 1935. — Map (db m74431) HM

Vermont (Rutland County), East Poultney — Horace Greeley - George JonesNoted journalists served apprenticeship near here
At the original settlement in East Poultney, Horace Greeley, founder of the "New York Tribune", worked on the "Northern Spectator", 1826-1830. George Jones, co-founder of the "N.Y.Times", also came from here. — Map (db m78256) HM
Vermont (Rutland County), East Poultney — Jeffrey Brace1742 - 1827 — African, Revolutionary Veteran, Author, Abolitionist
Jeffrey Brace was born in West Africa with the name Boyrereau Brinch. At sixteen he was captured by European slave traders, shipped to Barbados, sold to a ship's captain, and eventually arrived in New England. Some years later, while still enslaved, Brace enlisted in the Continental Army and he won his freedom fighting in the Revolution. At the war's end in 1784 he settled in Poultney, in newly formed Vermont - the first state to prohibit slavery. He met an ex-slave, married, and they raised . . . — Map (db m60663) HM
Vermont (Rutland County), East Poultney — Poultney Civil War Monument1861-1865
To our country's defenders of Poultney,VT. Erected in grateful memory of their heroic service by Mrs. Josephine L. Lewis in memory of her husband Col. Judson A. Lewis. — Map (db m60775) HM
Vermont (Rutland County), East Poultney — Site of Oldest Union Church in America
Founded eight years before religious liberty was made constitutional 1780 — Map (db m60783) HM
Vermont (Rutland County), Fair Haven — First Slate Quarry in Western Vermont
This area of Vermont is known for its high quality slate; the first quarry was opened on Scotch Hill in 1839 by Alonson Allen & Caleb Ranney. Allen began the first manufacture of roofing slate in Vermont in 1848. By 1869 there were seventeen quarries in Fair haven of which eleven were on Scotch Hill. Quarrying of slate was important to the economy of the area and brought in many skilled Welsh immigrants who were familiar with the quarrying of slate in their native Wales. — Map (db m78200) HM
Vermont (Rutland County), Fair Haven — Matthew LyonFair Haven's oldest mills built on falls by founder
Matthew Lyon, Irish-born leading grantee, built grist, saw and paper mills here, 1783, and a forge above. He ran first store, inn, and newspaper. As Congressman from Vermont he was jailed under the Sedition Law and later elected from Kentucky and Arkansas. — Map (db m78211) HM
Vermont (Rutland County), Hubbardton — Battle of HubbardtonOnly Battlefield On Vermont Soil
Here on July 7, 1777 a successful rearguard action by Colonel Seth Warner’s Vermont, Massachusetts, and New Hampshire troops ended British pursuit under Generals Frazer and Reldesel. Thus, General St. Claire’s American army, retreating from Fort Ticonderoga and Mount Independence, was saved to fight near Bennington and Saratoga. Burgoyne’s 1777 drive to divide the colonies, first resisted at Hubbardton, ended in defeat at Saratoga. — Map (db m74470) HM
Vermont (Rutland County), Hubbardton — British Flank Near Mt. Zion
Directly in front of you stands the majestic Mount Zion. From its summit the whole battlefield can be seen and it may have served as a lookout for Tory and Indian scouts who were surveying the area for the British shortly before the battle. The valley below was less wooded in 1777 than it is now, probably cleared out by one of the nine families that lived in the area at the time. British commander, General Simon Fraser, sent some of his grenadiers and light infantry through these fields to . . . — Map (db m11408) HM
Vermont (Rutland County), Hubbardton — Dawn Attack
Directly ahead, through the gap in the hills, ran the Military Road which connected the American garrison at Mount Independence on Lake Champlain with sites on the Connecticut River. American forces used this road as their escape route during their retreat from Fort Ticonderoga and Mount Independence. It was in this gap that the American pickets fired on the British scouts at about 5 a.m. on the morning of July 7, 1777. This marked the beginning of the battle. Down the valley below, the . . . — Map (db m11406) HM
Vermont (Rutland County), Hubbardton — Germans Arrive, Americans Retreat
Most of the battle waged back and forth in this field until the Americans were finally forced across the Castleton Road to the east. They took up a position there behind a log and stone fence. After some heavy fighting, Colonel Hale’s 2nd New Hampshire regiment crossed the road and flanked the British to the north. General Fraser, seeing his left flank under attack, sent word back to his rear guard for help. At a point when all seemed lost, some of Fraser’s rear guard appeared. This small . . . — Map (db m11411) HM
Vermont (Rutland County), Hubbardton — Hubbardton Battle Monument
The only battle fought in Vermont during the Revolution Right side of Monument: This monument erected by citizens of Hubbardton and vicinity July 7, 1859 Back of Monument: Hubbardton Battle fought on this ground July 7, 1777 Bottom of Back: Restored by the State of Vermont 1991 Gawet Marble & Granite Inc. Left side of Monument: Col. Warner Commanded. Col. Francis was killed. Col. Hale was captured. The Green Mountain Boys fought bravely. — Map (db m9230) HM
Vermont (Rutland County), Hubbardton — Monument Hill Charge
Colonel Ebenezer Francis and his 11th Continental Regiment from Massachusetts encamped along this hilltop on the night of July 6th. To the left, down the hill toward the Selleck cabin, were Seth Warner and his Green Mountain Boys; to the right was the rest of Colonel Nathan Hale’s 2nd New Hampshire regiment. On the morning of July 7th British troops, in hot pursuit of the American forces, climbed this steep slope to the crest of Monument Hill. Hampered by brush and fallen trees, the British, . . . — Map (db m11407) HM
Vermont (Rutland County), Hubbardton — The Selleck Cabin
John and Sarah Selleck built their cabin near the Castleton Road when they moved to Hubbardton from Connecticut in 1775. Like many other families, they had come here to farm and raise their families away from the crowding and turmoil in the coastal colonies. When the Military Road was built in 1776, it put their cabin at the junction of two very busy roads. Both roads were being used to transport men and supplies to sites in every direction throughout the new frontier. The Sellecks fled the . . . — Map (db m11410) HM
Vermont (Rutland County), Hubbardton — Welcome to Hubbardton Battlefield State Historic Park
The only battle fought on Vermont soil during the American Revolution took place on these fields. Viewed as a rear guard action, this battle was important because it slowed the progress of the British and German pursuers long enough for the main body of the American Army to escape during their retreat from the forts at Ticonderoga and Mount Independence on Lake Champlain. Starting from where you are now, follow the path to your right to the crest of the hill. There you will find the first in a . . . — Map (db m11405) HM
Vermont (Rutland County), Killington — Mt. KillingtonState's second highest peak — scene of christening legend
Southward appears the summit of Mt. Killington, once called Pisgah, on which Rev. Samuel Peters claimed he christened the wilderness with the name "Verd-mont" in 1763. Most historians give credit to Dr. Thomas Young’s letter "to the inhabitants of 'Vermont'", sent to Windsor in 1777. — Map (db m78175) HM
Vermont (Rutland County), Mendon — John Vincent
Near this location lived "Captain John" Vincent, a member of the Caughnawaga tribe. An admirer of General George Washington, Captain John became a firm friend of the Colonies. He accompanied Benedict Arnold and Richard Montgomery to guide American troops from Cambridge, Massachusetts, to Quebec for the siege on Quebec in 1776. He fought with General Gates at the Battle of Saratoga, where Burgoyne surrendered his British forces. After the Revolutionary War he settled in Mendon. Captain John . . . — Map (db m78176) HM
Vermont (Rutland County), Middletown Springs — A. W. Gray & Sons
Near this site Albert W. Gray manufactured his horse power treadmills, which he invented and patented in 1844 and 1856. He also invented a corn sheller, patented in 1836, and a machine for making wrought iron nails.

For over 50 years the shop, under the management of A.W. and his sons, Leonidas and Albert Y., employed some 60 workers to produce treadmills, threshers, wood saws, ensilage cutters and gasoline engines that were sold all over the world.

In 1868 A. W. Gray rediscovered . . . — Map (db m60664) HM

Vermont (Rutland County), Middletown Springs — Middletown Springs War Memorial
Plaque on Front of Monument: Middletown's Roll of Honor 1861 - 1865 1st VT Reg't.– Whitmore, Sylvanus L. 2nd VT Reg't.– Bateman, John S.•Cole, Obadiah•Perham, Merritt•Perry, Andrew J. 7th VT Reg't.– Buxton, Samuel•Griswold, Stephen A.•Guilder, Harvey•Heap, Andrew•Heap, Webster•Higgins, Edwin 9th VT Reg't.– Coleman, Royal L.•Mann, Benjamin 10th VT Reg't.– Atwater, Alfred•Atwater, Alonzo•Barce, Henry•Buel, James N.•Buxton, Edwin R.•Coffee, . . . — Map (db m60814) WM
Vermont (Rutland County), Middletown Springs — Thomas Morgan House
Near this site in 1784 Thomas Morgan built the first frame house in what is now Middletown Springs. — Map (db m60907) HM
Vermont (Rutland County), Pittsford — Hammond Covered Bridge
One of four covered bridges in the town of Pittsford, this 139’ Town lattice truss bridge was built in 1842 by Asa Nourse. During the 1927 flood the bridge floated off its abutments and ended up in a field over a mile down stream. During the winter of 1927-28 the town returned the bridge to its former location. — Map (db m61393) HM
Vermont (Rutland County), Pittsford — The Vermont Sanatorium
The Colonial revival building, designed by Scopes & Feustmann of Saranac Lake, NY, was constructed and endowed by Redfield Proctor and his family as a private pay institution for the treatment of Tuberculosis. Completed in 1907, the center building was for Administration with an infirmary, staff quarters, and public areas. To the southwest, connected by a glass enclosed loggia, was the West Cottage for men. To the southeast, also connected by a glass enclosed loggia, was the East Cottage for . . . — Map (db m76008) HM
Vermont (Rutland County), Proctor — Otter Creek
Otter Creek was a passageway for Native Americans traveling across what is now Vermont from the Connecticut River to Lake Champlain. They called the falls here “The Great Falls” which at 123’ are the highest in Vermont. John Sutherland, the first settler in Proctor, came in 1767 and built his mill at the falls and his house on the SW bank. The foundation still exists in the house now standing. There were three wooden covered bridges: 1794, 1811, & 1839. The Marble Arch Bridge . . . — Map (db m77971) HM
Vermont (Rutland County), Proctor — Vermont Marble CompanyThe Largest Marble Company in the World
The earliest marble was quarried by the Humphrey brothers in 1836. They were followed by successive marble companies. In 1870 Redfield Proctor took over in receivership and brought the Vermont Marble Company to world prominence. Building contracts and work done in the Proctor shops include the US Supreme Court, Jefferson Memorial and the rotunda columns in the National Gallery of Art. The Company employee program established the first Industrial Nurses in 1895. Between 1890-1915 workers came . . . — Map (db m77969) HM
Vermont (Rutland County), Rutland — George Schmitt1892-1913
George Schmitt of Rutland, along with his brother, Charles, built and flew the state's first glider near here in 1909. Schmitt learned to fly in the company of Curtis, Wright and Baldwin. He was the second person to fly in Vermont. Schmitt set national aviation and distance records. At 19 he and his manager formed the Schmitt Aviation Company for exhibition flying. He was the first pilot to fly in parts of the Caribbean, Central and South America. He was the first person to fly from the . . . — Map (db m78002) HM
Vermont (Rutland County), Rutland — John DeereBirthplace
John Deere was born February, 7th, 1804 the third son of William Rinold Deere and Sarah Yates Deere. It is presumed that Sarah gave birth to John at home; over William Deere’s Rutland tailor shop located on the east side of Main St. across from the park. In 1805, the family moved to Middlebury, Vermont where at the age of 17, he learned the blacksmith trade as an apprentice. When hard times hit the region in the 1830s, Deere decided to leave his wife and family temporarily and venture west. In . . . — Map (db m77993) HM
Vermont (Rutland County), Rutland — Julia C.R. Dorr1825-1913
Julia Dorr, who lived in Rutland during childhood and from 1857 until her death, was one of Vermont's most famous and best loved poets. She published hundreds of popular poems, sonnets, and prose works, which reflect a keen sense of observation and love of nature and history. Guests at her Dorr Drive home included Ralph Waldo Emerson and others of the famed "Concord Group". She was a member of the influential Ripley family and wife of Judge Seneca M. Dorr. Active in community affairs, Mrs. . . . — Map (db m78001) HM
Vermont (Rutland County), Rutland — Martin Henry Freeman1826-1889
Martin Freeman, born in Rutland, became the first black college president in the United States and was a member of the second East Parish Congregational Church which stood on this site. He was prepared by Pastor William Mitchell for Middlebury College, graduating in 1849 as salutatorian. In 1850 Freeman was appointed professor at Allegheny Institute (later Avery College) near Pittsburgh, PA. Here he gained renown in the fields of science and mathematics. In 1856 Freeman advanced to the office . . . — Map (db m77981) HM
Vermont (Rutland County), Rutland — Old State House
Approximately four rods from the west wall of this armory stood the "OLD STATE HOUSE" demolished in 1912, in which Vermont legislative sessions were held at intervals from 1784 to 1804 inclusive, county court from 1784 to 1793 and in 1791 the first session of Federal Court to be held in Vermont. — Map (db m77992) HM
Vermont (Washington County), Calais — Historic Kent Tavern
This brick tavern was built by Abdiel Kent between 1833 and 1837. It served as his home, and from 1837 to 1846 was a stagecoach stop on the road from Montpelier to Canada. The Kent family settled in Calais in 1798 and this section of town is known as Kents Corners. One of Abdiel's six brothers, Ira Kent, lived in the white clapboard house across the street. Together from 1837 until 1860 the operated I&A Kent Store in the two story wooden addition on the tavern. The Kent family owned the . . . — Map (db m61212) HM
Vermont (Washington County), Montpelier — Ammi B. Young
This tablet is erected by the people of Vermont in appreciation of the architect of this building Ammi B. Young born in Lebanon N.H. June 19, 1798 died in Washington D.C. March 13, 1874 Work was commenced on this site in the winter of 1832-1833 and completed in the fall of 1838 Mr. Young serving as superintendent of construction during the last two years. In 1857 fire largely destroyed the interior and dome and they were rebuilt and the wings slightly extended according to the original . . . — Map (db m76395) HM
Vermont (Washington County), Montpelier — Ethan Allen
Leader of the Green Mountain Boys demanding the surrender of Ticonderoga "in the name of the Great Jehovah and the Continental Congress"

Sculptor:Larkin Mead Replica: Aristide J. Piccini — Map (db m76397) HM

Vermont (Washington County), Montpelier — State House
Montpelier became the Capitol in 1808, when the first State House was built. Ammi B. Young's 2nd State House, built in 1838 and destroyed by fire in 1857, was similar to this 3rd structure on the site, completed in 1859. — Map (db m22887) HM
Vermont (Windham County), Bellows Falls — Bellows Falls
The Village of Bellows Falls, within the Town of Rockingham, has served as a river and overland crossroad for commerce and travel by foot, stagecoach, riverboat, train, truck and automobile. With wood, brick, iron, steel, and stone, generations of residents have sheltered life and livelihood in a place of natural beauty and practical value. Today we can still read the story of these efforts and aspirations in a rich legacy of surviving residential, commercial, and industrial buildings. . . . — Map (db m65789) HM
Vermont (Windham County), Bellows Falls — Bellows Falls CanalHere first Canal in United States was built in 1802
The British-owned Company, which was chartered to render the Conn. River navigable here in 1791, was 10 years building the 9 locks and dam around the Great Falls, 52 ft. high. After the railroad came in 1849, river traffic declined and the canal was used for water power only. — Map (db m74471) HM
Vermont (Windham County), Bellows Falls — Waypoint Center
The Bellows Falls Waypoint Center stands in an old railyard which once served the Boston and Maine Railroad. Once the railroads came through, in 1849, the area was built up with many storage buildings used by local businesses for receiving deliveries from the railroad-ranging from coal to flour and feed. A tall water tank was located near to the tracks to service the frequent steam locomotives. While these buildings are gone, leaving only the old former stable immediately next to the canal, the . . . — Map (db m65787) HM
Vermont (Windham County), Brattleboro — Brattleboro Civil War Monument
(Front): This Monument Commemorates The Loyalty and Patriotism Of the Men of Brattleboro, Who Fought for Liberty and the Union In the Great Rebellion of 1861 – 1865 Enlisted 385. Died in Service 31. Erected by a Grateful Town A.D. 1887. (Back):Never Forget What They Did Here: Big Bethel, Bull Run Lee’s Mill, Savage’s Station Antietam, Fredericksburg, Marye’s Heights, Gettysburg, Port Hudson, Wilderness, Spotsylvania, Cold Harbor, Petersburg, . . . — Map (db m23114) HM
Vermont (Windham County), Brattleboro — Brattleboro Veterans Monument
Dedicated In Loving Memory of the Men and Women of Brattleboro Who Made the Supreme Sacrifice in World War I World War II Korean War Vietnam War — Map (db m23116) WM
Vermont (Windham County), Brattleboro — Estey Organ Company
Here, in Brattleboro, was located the world’s largest manufacturer of reed organs. For more than a century, reed and pipe organs made in Brattleboro were sold to homes and churches around the world. The unusual slate-sided factory complex on Birge Street and the adjacent Esteyville neighborhood were developed in the early 1870s. Philanthropic and civic-minded, the Estey Company patented many manufacturing improvements and was a pioneer in equal pay for women. — Map (db m23113) HM
Vermont (Windham County), Brattleboro — NaulahkaRudyard Kipling’s Home near Brattleboro for 4 years
After marriage to the American, Caroline Balestier, and after visiting her home, famed British writer built isolated “Naulahka”. Here he wrote the “Jungle Books” and other stories, and two daughters were born. In 1896 the Kiplings returned to England. Private home. West 2 miles. Map (db m23573) HM
Vermont (Windham County), Brattleboro — The First Building of the Centre Congregational Church
Here Stood the First Building Of the Centre Congregational Church Erected in 1815 Moved to Its Present Site 1842 This Marker Was Placed July 5, 1916 — Map (db m23117) HM
Vermont (Windham County), Brookline — The Round Schoolhouse
Designed - 1821 - by Dr. John "Thunderbolt" Wilson. Built in 1822 on this site deeded to the Town of Brookline by Peter Benson, for the sum of $5.00. Dr. Wilson, a former Scottish highwayman, taught the first term of 60 pupils who sat on benches.

The interior was completely renovated in 1910 and on March 5 1929 the building was turned over to the Town of Brookline for use as the town hall.

This building is thought to be the only round schoolhouse ever constructed in this country. — Map (db m74490) HM

Vermont (Windham County), Guilford — Vermont’s Interstate Highway System
Vermont’s Interstate Highway System This monument depicting the Interstate highway system in Vermont is dedicated to the men and women who contributed to the planning, designing and building of this magnificent transportation network. As the most significant engineering accomplishment in Vermont during the twentieth century it did much for the economic well being of our state. May the efforts of all who worked on this project be long remembered. — Map (db m23111) HM
Vermont (Windham County), Jamaica — Jamaica Veterans Monument
Honor Roll Proudly We Pay Tribute To the Members of Our Community Who Answered the Call to the Colors World War I * Harry O. Beattie • Aaron P. Butler • Roy Chapin • Leon W. Cheney • Gilbert W. Clayton • Zeron J. Cobb • Oscar F. Crandall • Hobart H. Foskett • William E. Giese • John Gronski • Raymond Jones • Harrison M. Kingsbury • David E. Knight • Harold Knight • Walter J. Lackey • * Harry Leno • Mark F. McLean • Frank Parkhurst • Clarence W. Pierce • Merton L. Perry • . . . — Map (db m23248) HM
Vermont (Windham County), Newfane — In Memory of Jonathan Park
In Memory of Jonathan Park Original Settler of Newfane Who Gave to the People of Windham County the Common And All the Land On Which Now Stand The County Buildings Erected by His Great-Granddaughters Martha Osgood Morse Frances Hannah Osgood 1919 — Map (db m23130) HM
Vermont (Windham County), Newfane — Newfane Civil War Monument — Roll of Honor World War 1917 – 1918 Plaque
(Front): In Memory of The Men of Newfane Who Served Their Country In the Civil War 1861 – 1865 “On fames eternal camping ground their silent tents are spread, and glory guards, with solemn round, the bivouac of the dead.” (South Plaque): Adams, Adin • Aldrich, Harrison • Allen, Newman • Allen, Warren • Allison, Everett, M. • Alls, Horace • Bemis, Leonard • Bemis, Levi • Bennett, Henry L. • Betterly, Frank W. • Betterly, George S. • Betterly, . . . — Map (db m23134) HM
Vermont (Windham County), Newfane — Newfane Honor RollKorean War - Vietnam War
Korean War June 25, 1950 – January 31, 1955 Bourn, Melvin F. • Brooks, Dennis R. • Brooks, Roy I. • Carey, Leighton, E. • Carey, Merton M. • Chase, Charles D. • Druke, Edward J. • Fisher, Abbott C. • Gould, Neils E. • Gould, Roland F. • Gunzinger, Albert A. • Gunzinger, Robert C. • Harris, David A. • Higgins, Hubert L. • James, Charles E. Jr. • Jefts, Robert R. • Jenness, Warren L. • Kent, Donald F. • LaChance, Charles J. • Lane, Herbert W. • LaRose, Richard M. • Pratt, Conrad M. . . . — Map (db m23135) WM
Vermont (Windham County), Newfane — Newfane World War II Monument
Honor Roll World War II Armstrong, David • Atwater, Roy • Beck, Walter P. • Bills, Lyman S. • Bingham, Robert • Brayman, Floyd • Brayman, Ralph • Brooks, Alfred • Brooks, Arthur W., Jr. • Brooks, Robert • Brooks, Roy I. • Brown, Emmett • Carey, Forest • Carey, Lawrence • Carey, Merton • Carey, Myron • Carey, Richard • Carey, Verne • Carr, Almon E. • Chandler, Warren M. • Chamberlain, Rose • Crapo, Glen A. • Crispe, A. Luke • De Long, Lyle • Dowley, Kenneth • Dowley, Richard B. • Druke, . . . — Map (db m23132) HM
Vermont (Windham County), Putney — Family Home of John Humphrey Noyes
Eldest son of a Putney family, John Noyes (1811-1886) became deeply religious after a revival meeting in 1831. Convinced that Christ’s Second Coming had occurred in 70 A.D. and that all people could now be free of sin, he became a “Perfectionist.” Under Noyes’ leadership a small group of followers came together as the Putney Perfectionists. They lived communally, practiced “Bible Communism”, ran a press, and published a paper called “The Witness”. . . . — Map (db m65770) HM
Vermont (Windham County), Rockingham — Rockingham Meeting House
The Rockingham Meeting House is one of the finest remaining examples of New England Colonial architecture. It is the oldest intact public building in Vermont. Built between 1787 and 1801, it served Rockingham as a house of religious worship and town meetings for nearly a century. The arrival of industrialization shifted settlement to the nearby villages of Bellows Falls and Saxtons River. The Congregational church survived here until 1839 and annual Town Meetings continued here until 1869. A . . . — Map (db m72021) HM
Vermont (Windham County), Rockingham — Rockingham Meetinghouse
Rockingham Meetinghouse has been designated a National Historic Landmark This site possesses national significance in commemorating the history of the United States of America A rare 18th century New England meetinghouse of the "Second Period," styled in the Georgian manner and unmatched among surviving New England meetinghouses. Its barn-like massing and austere appearance evoke medieval and Puritan forms. This is the most intact 18th century public building remaining in Vermont — Map (db m72023) HM
Vermont (Windham County), Townshend — Scott BridgeLongest Wooden Span in Vermont
This 277’ bridge, built in 1870 by Harrison Chamberlain, consists of two king post trusses and a 166’ Town lattice truss. The latter was the longest wooden span in Vermont. In 1981 a concrete pier was constructed to provide support. An earlier attempt to strengthen the bridge with the addition of a laminated bow arch was not successful. — Map (db m23330) HM
Vermont (Windham County), Vernon — Fort Bridgman Marker
Fort Bridgman The first white settlement In Vernon, Vt. Built in 1737, The scene of many Indian massacres Sacked and burned by the Indians For the third time June 27, 1755, After having slain Caleb Howe And taken captive fourteen persons Among whom were his wife Jemima Howe And her seven children. Land given for this purpose by the Hubbard Brothers This boulder from the “Howe Farm” Was contributed by Hon. George E. Howe Of Boston, Mass. A lineal descendant of . . . — Map (db m48061) HM
Vermont (Windham County), Vernon — Jemima Tute
Famed as the "Fair Captive", her faith and courage survived the slaying of two husbands by Indians and--after an attack on nearby Fort Bridgman in 1755--her own forced hardship march to Canada. One of her seven children perished and the others were taken from her. Eventual freedom brought partial family reunion. Fort Sartwell, built by her father, was one mile north of this point. — Map (db m60274) HM
Vermont (Windham County), West Dover — 1857 Schoolhouse No. 6
1857 Schoolhouse No. 6 This property has been placed on the National Register of Historic Places by the United States Department of the Interior — Map (db m74392) HM
Vermont (Windham County), West Dover — Stoyan ChristoweTown of Dover
Town of Dover Home of Stoyan Christowe (Cwojah Xpucwob) 1897 – 1995 Statesman – Journalist – Author An immigrant orphan from Macedonia, he became a Vermont State Senator and wrote six books, among them, the autobiography This Is My Country. The Eagle and The Stork • Heroes and Assasins • The Lion of Yanina My American Pilgrimage • This Is My Country • Mara Map (db m23259) HM
Vermont (Windham County), West Townshend — Clarina Howard Nichols
Clarina Howard Nichols Born in West Townsend 1810, Clarina Howard became an early advocate of women’s rights. After a divorce in 1843 she married George Nichols. As editor of the Windham County Democrat she strongly advocated women’s property rights, child custody, temperance, and suffrage. In 1852 she became the first woman to address the Vermont Legislature, and lectured throughout New England and the Midwest. Nichols was a staunch abolitionist who seized the opportunity to move . . . — Map (db m23329) HM
Vermont (Windham County), West Townshend — Taft Homestead Site
In 1799, Aaron Taft settled on a 100-acre farm on Taft Hill. His grandson, Alphonso, born here in 1810, served as Secretary of War and Attorney General under President Grant, and as Minister to Austria-Hungary and Russia. Alphonso’s son, William Howard Taft (1857 – 1930) became 27th President of the United States and later Chief Justice of the Supreme Court. William’s son, Robert A. Taft (1889 – 1953) was U.S. Senator from Ohio. Many other descendants became prominent in government service. — Map (db m74472) HM
Vermont (Windham County), Whitingham — Brigham Young Birthplace
The leader of the Mormon pioneers, Brigham Young, was born up the steep hill to the south on June 1, 1801. He eventually led his people from Illinois to Utah where he founded Salt Lake City in 1847 and 500 communities throughout the west. Young became the first territorial governor of Utah and the second president of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-Day Saints. — Map (db m61306) HM
Vermont (Windham County), Whitingham — Green Mountain Hall
The structure, originally of Greek Revival design, was built in 1861 as a Universalist Church. As its membership declined toward the end of the 19th century, the Congregation found it necessary to relinquish ownership to a community association, the Green Mountain Club. In 1909 the association disbanded and turned ownership over to the town. During the ensuing years, the building was used for Town Meetings, plays, dances and basketball games. Two additions were also made to the building. A . . . — Map (db m75699) HM
Vermont (Windham County), Wilmington — Crafts Inn
This Property Has Been Placed On The National Register Of Historic Places By The United States Department Of The Interior — Map (db m29506) HM
Vermont (Windham County), Wilmington — Elizabeth Page “Molly” Stark, 1737 – 1814
Wife of General John Stark, mother of 11 children, homemaker, patriot, and defender of the household. Her love, courage, and self-reliance were common virtues among the many hearty women of frontier New England’s 18th century towns. This strength and devotion to husband, home and family were virtues that sustained her, as well as so many women and their families, during those times when husbands were called to duty for their country in the constant French and Indian Wars and the American . . . — Map (db m23291) HM
Vermont (Windham County), Wilmington — The Norton House
circa late 1700’s, one of the oldest houses left in town, was originally built on Lisle Hill in the first town of Wilmington. It was moved to its present site by ox cart in the 1830’s. — Map (db m23292) HM
Vermont (Windham County), Wilmington — Wilmington Veterans Memorial
In Honor Of The Men and Women Of Wilmington Who Served Our Nation In War and Peace Nelson E. Pickwell Post #15 Map (db m23269) HM
Vermont (Windham County), Wilmington — Wilmington Veterans Monument
Roll of Honor Dedicated to Those Who Offered Their Lives in Humanity’s Defense in The War of the Nations 1914 – 1918 And in Memory of Those Indicated Here by Gold Stars, Who Gave Their * Last Full Measure of Devotion * Charles E. Allen • Harold G. Allen • Giovanni B. Barufaldi • Peter Barufaldi • Fred Bass • Glenn W. Bassett • John Burtasket • Arthur F. Blaine • * Ernest Boyd • Hiram N. Boyd • Oscar B. Carter • Nick Cassone • Earle E. Colby • Lyndon L. . . . — Map (db m23268) HM
Vermont (Windsor County), Bridgewater — Bridgewater Veterans Memorial
Bridgewater Veterans Memorial In Memory of the Veterans I Know Who You Are I Know Where You Were I Know What You Did But I Don’t Know The Pain You Went Through                   Lindsay Williams                   Bus 6 In Memory of Earl B. Thomas 1926 – 1993 A dream comes true … [Left panel]: World War II Dec. 7, 1941 – Dec. 31, 1946 Adams Derwood • Adams Mary H. • Adams Norman • Avery John • Ayer Earl M. – K • Ayer . . . — Map (db m23179) WM
Vermont (Windsor County), Bridgewater — Bridgewater World War I Monument
Honor Roll Adams, Ernest J. • Adams, Leon D. • * Adams, Lester W. • Adams, Royal L. • Atwood, Harland • Atwood, Leon A. • Ayer, Melvin C. • Baker, Harold • Becker, Levi • Biathrow, Phillip • Bradley, Clifford • Cady, Lynn Z. • Cady, William S. • Capron, Claude R. • Cole, Walter C. • Cushman, Louis • Dailey, Milton A. • Dalrymple, Lester • Davis, Earl W. • Davis, Lee B. • Fife, Orville • Geno, Napolean A. • Geno, Victor • * Geno, William • Goodnough, Lynn • Harris, Luman • Moulton, Louis • . . . — Map (db m23167) HM
Vermont (Windsor County), Cavendish — The Gage Accident1848 — Cavendish
One of the most remarkable events in medical history occured about ¾ mile (1 km) from here.

On 13th September 1848, Phineas P. Gage, a railroad construction foreman from Lebanon (NH), suffered massive brain damage when a 3ft 7in (107 cm) long, 13¼ Pound (6 kg) tamping iron was accidentally blown completely through his head.

Under the care of Dr John Martyn Harlow, the Cavendish physician, Gage soon recovered physically but was mentally greatly changed. Once an efficient and capable . . . — Map (db m44099) HM

Vermont (Windsor County), Chester — Chester Civil War Memorial
[ South Plaque ] Roll of Honor to Those Who Sleep Where They Fell. Sewell Barker, Corp. Co. G. 7th Vt. Vols. Joseph W. Fletcher, Corp. Co. H. 10th Vt. Vols. Azro B. Stiles, Corp. Co. K. 4th Vt. Vols. Rensselaer H. Tarbell, Corp. Co. E. 16th Vt. Vols. Francis G. Fassett, Corp. Co. C. 7th & Co. E. 16th Vt. Vols. William Piper, Sergt. Co. D. 9th Vt. Vols. Ransom T. Thompson, Sergt. Co. D. 9th Vt. Vols. Elmer L. Adams, Co. G. 7th Vt. Vols. Lewis A. Bryant, Co. . . . — Map (db m23189) HM
Vermont (Windsor County), Chester — Chester Vietnam Conflict Monument
Dedicated to the Men and Women Of Chester Who Served Their Country in the Vietnam Conflict Erected by the Citizens of Chester Dedicated May 27, 1974 [ Left Panel ] Adams John Stanley • Amsden Clyde Emersom • Amsden Roy Leonard • Amsden Russell Roland • Bargfrede Richard W • Bargfrede David Frank • Basso Robert Arthur • Bates Lee Edward • Benson Eugene Charles • Benson Paul Raymond • Benson Roy Gordon • Bratton Robert W • Burton William . . . — Map (db m23243) HM
Vermont (Windsor County), Chester — Chester World War I and II and Korean Conflict Monument
Valor Dedicated to the Men and Women of Chester who served their Country in World War I and II and in the Korean Conflict [434 names are inscribed on the monument.] Map (db m23407) WM
Vermont (Windsor County), Ludlow — Abby Maria Hemenway
Born in Ludlow in 1828 and educated at Black River Academy, Abby Maria Hemenway was the editor of the Vermont Historical Gazetteer, a five volume compilation of local history, published between 1860 and 1891. For thirty years, Hemenway managed her own publishing empire, collecting, editing, and printing the history of every town in her state, an achievement matched by no one else in the United States. Floods, fires, and chronic indebtedness delayed the work, but in the end the town . . . — Map (db m78155) HM
Vermont (Windsor County), Norwich — Alden Partridge(1784-1854)
A native of Norwich, Vermont, Alden Partridge was a pioneer in American military education. Superintendent of the U.S. Military Academy at West Point from 1815 to 1817, he returned here in 1819 to found the American Literary, Scientific and Military Academy, which, in 1834, became Norwich University, now located in Northfield, VT. Partridge’s innovative curriculum, called the “American System of Education”, combined military, practical, scientific and liberal instruction. The . . . — Map (db m32159) HM
Vermont (Windsor County), Norwich — American Literary, Scientific, and Military Academy1819-1994
This tablet marks the site of the American Literary, Scientific, and Military Academy. Founded by Captain Alden Partridge in 1819 and incorporated as the Norwich University by the General Assembly of the State of Vermont in 1834. Following a disastrous fire in 1866 the institution was removed to Northfield Vermont. The bricks in this memorial were taken from the ruins of the Old South Barracks. — Map (db m44863) HM
Vermont (Windsor County), Norwich — Early Settlers & Allen R. Foley
Site of a log hut where the Hutchinson and Messenger Families were the first to winter in Norwich in 1765. Erected by the Norwich Historical Society in memory of Professor Allen Rich Foley, Vermont Legislator and Historian 1898-1978. — Map (db m32191) HM
Vermont (Windsor County), Norwich — First Public Grammar SchoolLocated on this site
On June 17, 1785, the Vermont General Assembly enacted a law which designated “the place for keeping a County Grammar School in and for Windsor County, shall be at the house commonly known by the name the Red Schoolhouse in Norwich,” thus initiating the provision of Vermont’s First Constitution for schools of secondary learning. — Map (db m32189) HM
Vermont (Windsor County), Norwich — Theta Chi Fraternity
Near this spot stood the Old South Barracks of Norwich University where, at 9:00 pm on April 10, 1856 Theta Chi Fraternity was founded by Frederick Norton Freeman and Arthur Chase — Map (db m32162) HM
Vermont (Windsor County), Plymouth — Revolutionary War Campground on the Crown Point Road
This lakeside meadow was a 1777 campground for Rindge NH troops en route to Mount Independence and Fort Ticonderoga to fight Burgoyne's invading British army. The 1776 Crown Point Road linking Fort No. 4 on the Connecticut River to Lake Champlain forts closely followed the present highway. The earlier 1759-60 Crown Point Road, ordered built by British General Amherst during the French and Indian War, passed further to the south. It followed Indian trails and later brought homesteaders to . . . — Map (db m78159) HM
Vermont (Windsor County), Plymouth — Vermont Gold Rush
In 1826 gold nuggets were first discovered in Newfane and Somerset, Vt. In 1851, ‘49er Matthew Kennedy discovered gold in Buffalo Brook at Plymouth. By 1855, a “gold rush” was underway here and in Bridgewater, Vt. Prospectors staked their claims. The greatest activity occurred at Buffalo Brook and the Pollard farm. At Plymouth Five Corners, a gold mill and crusher were built. In the 1880s, seven companies were operating here. The Rooks Mining Company earned $13,000 in a six-month . . . — Map (db m78161) HM
Vermont (Windsor County), Plymouth Notch — Calvin Coolidge1872 - 1933
Born July 4, 1872 in a house back of store, Calvin Coolidge from 4 years of age lived in the homestead across the road, now owned by the State of Vermont. Here on Aug. 3, 1923 he was inaugurated President and he spent many vacations. In the Notch Cemetery he rests beside his wife & son and 4 generations of forebears. — Map (db m74473) HM
Vermont (Windsor County), Plymouth Notch — Calvin Coolidge Homestead
Calvin Coolidge Homestead has been designated a Registered National Historic Landmark. Under the provisions of the Historic Sites Act of August 21, 1933 this site possesses exceptional value in commemorating or illustrating the history of the United States. U.S. Department of the Interior, National Park Service 1966. — Map (db m62155) HM
Vermont (Windsor County), Royalton — The Royalton RaidOctober 16, 1780
To terrorize the valley from Tunbridge to Royalton, nearly 300 Indians led by a British officer fell on these defenseless frontier settlements, killing 4, taking 26 prisoners, & reducing Royalton to ashes. The captives hauled back to Canada were sold for $8.00 a head. This was the most calamitous of Vermont's many Indian raids. — Map (db m58273) HM
Vermont (Windsor County), South Royalton — Jessie LaFountain BigwoodFirst Woman Admitted To Vermont Bar
Born in 1874, Jessie LaFountain attended Burlington Business College and worked as a government reporter at Fort Ethan Allen in Colchester/Essex, Vermont. In 1898 she married Frederick H. Bigwood and shortly thereafter entered the office of V.A. Bullard, a Burlington attorney. In 1900 she took a special law course at Boston University and, after completing the Vermont Bar examination, was successfully admitted in October 1902. It would be 10 more years before another woman was admitted to the . . . — Map (db m73938) HM
Vermont (Windsor County), South Royalton — Joseph Smith MonumentMormon Prophet's Birthplace
Joseph Smith, founder of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, was born near here on December 23, 1805. A visitor's center and a 38½ foot tall monument, considered the world's largest polished granite shaft, commemorates his life and is located at the birthplace 2½ miles up Dairy Hill Road. The site is open year round. — Map (db m37198) HM
Vermont (Windsor County), Springfield — Eureka Schoolhouse & Baltimore Covered Bridge
The Eureka Schoolhouse, constructed between 1785 and 1790, is Vermont’s oldest one-room school and one of the few surviving 18th century public buildings in the state. It was originally located in the “Eureka Four Corners,” northeast of Springfield village, and was in continuous use until 1900. The schoolhouse was brought to this site and restored by a committee of Springfield citizens and the Vermont Board of Historic Sites in 1968. The pine board exterior, simulating stone block, . . . — Map (db m74965) HM
Vermont (Windsor County), Springfield — Stellafane Observatory
Stellafane Observatory Has been Designated a National Historic landmark This Site Possesses National Significance In Commemorating the History of the United States of America 1989 National Park Service United States Department of the Interior — Map (db m75701) HM
Vermont (Windsor County), Springfield — William JarvisConsul to Lisbon was first to import Merino sheep to U.S.
In 1811 Consul Jarvis brought from Spain to his farm in Weathersfield Bow the prized Merino sheep, whose longer fiber revolutionized the woolen industry and stimulated sheep raising throughout the East. In the 1830’s Merinos were the state’s principal livestock. — Map (db m65800) HM
Vermont (Windsor County), Weathersfield — Salmond Bridge
Salmond Bridge was built by James F. Tasker c1880. This 54' multiple king post structure spanned the Black River near Stoughton Pond and was named after the Salmond family living near the bridge. It remained in this area until 1959, when it was relocated beside route 131 in Amsden in order to remove it from the flood control area. There it was used as a town storage shed. It was restored and moved to this site over Sherman Brook in 1986, through the efforts of the townspeople of Weathersfield. — Map (db m73918) HM
Vermont (Windsor County), Weston — Weston Civil War Monument
Presented to the Town of Weston by Harrison Meads In Memory of the Soldiers of Said Town Who Gave Their Lives in The War of the Rebellion, 1861 – 1865 George E. Meads, Berdans 1st Reg. Of Sharpshooters Co. F. Died Sept. 9, 1862 at Alexandria Va. A. Abbott • D. Allen • G.A. Beckwith • D.W. Bolster • L.A. Britten • J.P. Bryant • N.O. Cook • G. Fuller • A.H. Hale • J. Hale • R.M. Patch • W.H. Pease • S.P. Peck • M.V. Robbins • H. Stevens • J.H. West • S.A. Winship — Map (db m23223) HM
Vermont (Windsor County), Weston — Weston Korean War – Vietnam War Monument
Honor Roll Korean War 1950 – 1955 Donald E. Ballantine • Albert G. Decell • Eugene E. Decell • Marvin C. Decell • Norman L. Decell • Edmund R. Gabert, Jr. • Harold J. Hale • Charles O. Hart • Glenn W. Hart • Gordon G. Hart • Harry A. Hart • Samuel Lloyd • Eric B. Lundberg, Jr. • Lloyd S. Miller, Jr. • Donald A. Moore • Geoffrey D.C. Orton • Harry S. Simonds • Peggy Slevin • Ryland R. Spaulding, Jr. • Wilder D. Tuttle Honor Roll Vietnam War 1964 – 1975 Peter A. . . . — Map (db m23165) WM
Vermont (Windsor County), Weston — Weston Village Historic District
Marker Front: The village of Weston is on the National Register of Historic Places. Settled in 1761, originally as the West Town of Andover. Weston was incorporated 1n 1799. The Farrar Mansur House, built c. 1795, served as a home, tavern and community center. It is now a museum of Weston’s early history. The Mill, built on the site of a 1780 sawmill, was revived as a water powered gristmill in 1936. It contains an important collection of early trade tools. Weston’s first firehouse, . . . — Map (db m23166) HM
Vermont (Windsor County), White River Junction — Disastrous Train Wreck
At 2:10 AM on February 5, 1887 the last car of The Montreal Express derailed causing three cars to fall from the bridge and crash on the ice of the White River 43 feet below. Embers from the coal stoves ignited the spilled oil of the lanterns and fire consumed the wreckage. Twenty-five passengers and 5 crew members perished. As a direct result of the wreck, oil lanterns and coal stoves were abolished on railroad trains, and electric lights and steam heat were adopted. — Map (db m64891) HM
Vermont (Windsor County), White River Junction — VermontGateway to Green Mt. State
White River Junction, a natural transportation center, is where highways, rivers and railways converge. In 1759 the rapids at the confluence of the White and Conn. Rivers nearly brought death to Robert Rogers and 3 Rangers. Vermont’s first train ran from the Junction to Bethel in 1848. — Map (db m32193) HM
Vermont (Windsor County), Windsor — Constitution House
Windsor, settled in 1764, became the political center of the Upper Connecticut River Valley. Here the Constitution of the “Free and Independent State of Vermont” was adopted at the tavern of Elijah West on July 8, 1777. This constitution was the first to prohibit slavery and establish universal manhood suffrage. Vermont was an independent republic until 1791, when it was admitted into the Union as the 14th state. — Map (db m65814) HM
Vermont (Windsor County), Woodstock — Hiram Powers
Hiram Powers, one of the most famous nineteenth century sculptors, was born in 1805 in a farmhouse that stood on this hillside. Although he went west with his family at a young age, and took up residence in Florence, Italy, in 1837, Powers always referred to Woodstock as his home town. He said of his most famous work, “The Greek Slave” (the first nude female sculpture ever displayed in the U.S.), that he had dreamt of her rising from the mists of the Ottauquechee River. He died in . . . — Map (db m32221) HM
Vermont (Windsor County), Woodstock — Justin Morgan
On this site the progenitor of the famous Morgan breed of horses was owned by Sheriff William Rice about 1800. Justin Morgan took his name from that of the singing schoolmaster who originally brought him to Vermont, but who lost possession of the later famous horse to Sheriff Rice in payment of a debt. — Map (db m23168) HM
Vermont (Windsor County), Woodstock — Marianne Gaillard Faulkner
Marker Front: Born September 19, 1859, in Mobile, Alabama, Marianne Gaillard married Edward Daniels Faulkner in 1885. Edward owned Johnson & Faulkner, a very successful and prosperous upholstery firm in New York City The couple bought the former Woodward mansion on Mountain Avenue prior to WWI and spent many summers here. After Edward’s death in 1926, Marianne Faulkner spent increasingly more time in Woodstock. Mrs. Faulkner was generous benefactor to the town. Among her gifts are . . . — Map (db m64888) HM
Vermont (Windsor County), Woodstock — Site of First Ski Tow in the United StatesWoodstock, Vermont
In January, 1934, on this pasture hill of Clinton Gilbert’s farm an endless-rope tow, powered by a Model “T” Ford engine, hauled skiers uphill for the first time.
This ingenious contraption launched a new era in winter sports. — Map (db m50866) HM
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