|Wyoming (Albany County), Buford — Tree Rock|
|This small pine tree that seems to be growing out of solid rock has fascinated travelers since the first train rolled past on the Union Pacific Railroad. It is said that the builders of the original railroad diverted the tracks slightly to pass by the tree as they laid rails across Sherman Mountain in 1867-69. It is also said that trains stopped here while locomotive fireman "gave the tree a drink" from their water buckets. The railroad moved several miles to the south in 1901 and the abandoned . . . — Map (db m62159) HM|
|Wyoming (Albany County), Laramie — Abraham Lincoln — "We must think anew and act anew"|
|1809 - 1865 This monument commemorates the sesquicentennial of Lincoln's birth by the State of Wyoming in 1959 Charles W. Jeffrey, M.D., Rawlins - Wyo. Donor Robert I. Russin, Sculptor — Map (db m47144) HM|
|Wyoming (Albany County), Laramie — Gateway to the Rockies|
|Tall trees, short trees, shrubs, grasses and flowering plants -- mountains, canyons, river bottoms, and prairies -- all intermingle to form the landscape. The greater the variety of landforms and vegetation, the more homes or habitats there are for wildlife.|
the large expanses of native wildland habitats make Wyoming unique and the home to over 600 species of native wildlife.
Here at the Gateway to the Rockies you will see animals of the conifer forest. The golden-crowned kinglet is found . . . — Map (db m47149) HM
|Wyoming (Albany County), Laramie — Henry Bourne Joy and the Lincoln Highway|
|This monument commemorates the Lincoln Highway, America's first transcontinental automobile road, and Henry Bourne Joy, the first president of the Lincoln Highway Association (1913). Joy, also president of the Packard Motor Car Company, is sometimes called the father of the nation's modern highway system. he said that his effort to create the Lincoln Highway was "the greatest thing I ever did."|
The old Lincoln Highway passed over the crest of the hill seen beyond the monument. This was the . . . — Map (db m47145) HM
|Wyoming (Albany County), Laramie — Ranching from the High Point|
|This area of Albany and Laramie Counties is noted for its rich agricultural history. The forests and rolling hills were home to large sheep and cattle herds from the mid 1800s into the 1900s. After the Civil War, trees harvested from what is now the Medicine Bow National Forest helped build the Union Pacific Railroad -- essential to moving livestock to markets. Cheyenne was known in the 1880s as "the wealthiest little city in the world". Much of this wealth was held by area cattle barons.|
Tom . . . — Map (db m47150) HM
|Wyoming (Albany County), Laramie — Telephone Canyon|
|The first in the west through which a telephone line was run. The first conversation over this line was held in 1882 between Bill Nye at Laramie and Hon. E. E. Warren at Cheyenne. — Map (db m47148) HM|
|Wyoming (Albany County), Laramie — The Purple Heart Trail|
|The Purple Heart Medal was originated by General George Washington on August 7, 1782 for distinguished valor and is now awarded only to members of the armed forces of the United States, who have been wounded in combat against an armed enemy.|
Recipients of this unique award have been specifically honored by the U.S. Congress as a chartered fraternal organization known as the Military Order of the Purple Heart and have active members in Chapters throughout Wyoming, the United States and the . . . — Map (db m47143) HM
|Wyoming (Big Horn County), Lovell — Raptors: Winged Hunters of Bighorn Canyon — Bighorn Canyon National Recreation Area — National Park Service, U.S. Department of the Interior|
|Raptors are graceful hunters of Bighorn Canyon. The location is ideal home for these birds of prey because of the abundance of food and excellent nesting spots. Watch for these magnificent birds in action. — Map (db m62158) HM|
|Wyoming (Carbon County), Elk Mountain — Wagonhound Rest Area|
|The area near the Wagonhound Rest Area has played an important role in western transportation since the earliest days of human activity in the Rock Mountain west. The area has provided Wyoming's earliest inhabitants, explorers, westbound settlers, and modern travelers with a viable rout around the formidable Elk Mountain and the Medicine Bow range. numerous teepee rings in the immediate vicinity attest to the fact Native Americans utilized the area for thousands of years as they lived and . . . — Map (db m47142) HM|
|Wyoming (Carbon County), Elk Mountain — Wagonhound Tipi Rings|
|The stone circles of "Tipi Rings" as this site mark the location of a prehistoric Native American campsite. The stones were probably used to anchor the skins of conical tents known by the Sioux word "Tipi". the stones were placed around the base of the tipi to hold down the skins as well as to provide additional support to the tipi in high winds. After the introduction of the metal ax, wooden pegs gradually replaced the tones for holding down the skins.|
The tipi was used for shelter and . . . — Map (db m47141) HM
|Wyoming (Carbon County), Elk Mountain — Wyoming Winds|
|This site lies at the northern-most extent of the Snowy Range Mountains, a spot where the high mountain peaks end and the winds begin. Winds here may exceed 70 miles per hour at times, blowing winter snows, leaving ridges and slopes bare, and exposing grasses and shrubs to provide food for elk, mule deer and pronghorn antelope.|
Elk and mule deer migrate from the high mountain summer ranges to these foothills and basins to winter. The Wyoming game and Fish Department has acquired 12,870 acres . . . — Map (db m47140) HM
|Wyoming (Carbon County), Saratoga — This Marker on the Overland Trail|
|Platte River crossing nine miles west 1861 to 1868. — Map (db m62160) HM|
|Wyoming (Crook County), Aladdin — Aladdin Tipple History|
|The Aladdin Tipple in Crook County, Wyoming, was constructed as part of the Aladdin coal mining operations. In 1898, an 18-mile-long short line known as the Wyoming and Missouri River Railroad was built to connect coal mines near Aladdin with the Chicago and Northwestern Railroad main line at Belle Fourche, South Dakota. The railroad linked the coal mines at Aladdin with the gold smelters at Lead and Deadwood. The Black Hills Coal Company, which built both the mine and the Wyoming and Missouri . . . — Map (db m34833) HM|
|Wyoming (Crook County), Aladdin — Custer's 1874 Expedition|
|During the summer of 1874, General George Armstrong Custer led the first official government expedition to the Black Hills, which the Sioux Indians claimed as their territory. Although the United States Government officially sent this expedition of more than 1,000 men to scout for a new fort location, the presence of engineers, geologists, and miners indicated that recording the topography, geography, and location of gold deposits were other important goals.
The expedition's discovery of . . . — Map (db m34586) HM|
|Wyoming (Crook County), Aladdin — Vore Buffalo Jump|
|Plains Indians depended upon buffalo for many of their material needs - food, shelter, clothing, tools, fuel, ceremonial objects, even toys. Prior to acquiring horses in the 18th century, hunting individual animals on foot with bows and arrows was difficult and dangerous. As winter approached, tribes often joined in communal hunts to provide meat and hides for harsh winters by driving herds of buffalo over a cliff or into a trap where the animals were killed, butchered and processed in . . . — Map (db m45545) HM|
|Wyoming (Crook County), Devils Tower — Devils Tower|
|Devils Tower, an important landmark for Plains Indian tribes long before the white man reached Wyoming, was called Mateo Tepee, or Grizzly Bear Lodge, by the Sioux. A number of Indian legends describe the origin of Devils Tower. One legend tells about seven little girls chased onto a low rock to escape attacking bears. Their prayers for help were heeded. The rock carried them upward to safety as the claws of the leaping bears left furrowed columns in the sides of the ascending tower. . . . — Map (db m34465) HM|
|Wyoming (Crook County), Hulett — Camp Devin|
|The Ft. Laramie treaties of 1851 & 1868 set aside the Black Hills for the Sioux, for as long as the grass shall grow and the river shall flow. Nevertheless, in 1874 Lt. Col. George Armstrong Custer was sent to investigate rumors of gold in the area giving rise to a flood of goldseekers and camp followers who poured into the hills violating the treaties. Sioux representatives were called to Washington to negotiate, but in November 1875, before a new agreement could be reached, President Grant . . . — Map (db m42556) HM|
|Wyoming (Crook County), Hulett — Devils Tower|
|Devils Tower, known as Bear's Lodge to Northern Plains Tribes, rises high above the Belle Fourche River, grasslands, and ponderosa pine forests. This major landmark of the Northern Great Plains has attracted people for thousands of years. Today, it still holds many meanings for people including American Indians, local ranchers, rock climbers and thousands of visitors from near and far.
The Tower and the Missouri Buttes to the northwest formed about 50 million years ago. They are the result . . . — Map (db m34463) HM|
|Wyoming (Crook County), Sundance — Paha Sapa, Black Hills — Geologic History of the Lakotas' Sacred Hills|
|Also known as "Temple of the Sioux," Sundance Mountain rises majestically in the southwest. It belongs to the Bear Lodge Mountain Range, which defines the northwestern edge of the Black Hills. It was named for the Plains Indians' religious ceremony—and in turn it provided the name for the town at its base, which dubbed one of its earliest and most notorious prisoners, the "Sundance Kid." In the Lakota language, the mountain is called Wi Wacipi Paha, which literally means Sun Dance . . . — Map (db m45541) HM|
|Wyoming (Crook County), Sundance — Bird of the Black Hills — The Black Hills are Home to more than 200 Species of Glorious Birds|
|The Red Valley surrounding you belongs to the transition zone between the flat, treeless Great Plains and the pine-forested Black Hills. Artesian springs and creeks draining from the hills and mountains create draws that provide water, shade, and food for wildlife. The mixture of habitats here attract abundant birds and mammals, making this an excellent area for wildlife viewing, particularly birding. Here are some of the many species you might see in these red lands stretching between . . . — Map (db m45536) HM|
|Wyoming (Crook County), Sundance — Petrified Trees — Fossils Give Clues to Wyoming's Paleo-Past|
|Giant cypress trees growing today in swamps (or forested wetlands), such as these found in Louisiana's Pointe Lake, used to grow in Wyoming back when it was a warm, subtropical swamp - about 55 million years ago during the Late Paleocene epoch. Some of these ancient trees were buried under sediment and turned to stone. the three petrified trees located here were found during coal mining operations at the Eagle Butte Mine near Gillette. They were generously donated by Alpha Coal West, Inc., and . . . — Map (db m45539) HM|
|Wyoming (Crook County), Sundance — Rich Colors, Rich Lands — Gold Metal, Green Grass, Black Coal & Crude|
|The first Caucasian residents of this area came as prospectors following the Black Hills Gold Rush. In 1876 the glitter of gold led them from the large mining camps of Lead and Deadwood westward to Sand Creek, located near this site. Instead of moving on when they reached the end of the precious vein, many of these adventurers settled here, shifting their energies to other forms of mining as well as farming and ranching.|
Aladdin Coal Mines The Black Hills Gold Rush brought with it the . . . — Map (db m45535) HM
|Wyoming (Crook County), Sundance — The Custer Trail — Site of Sacred Lands and Historic Battles|
|Lieutenant Colonel George A. Custer's Black Hills Expedition crossed northeastern Wyoming from July 17-25, 1874, camping within three miles of this location. forged by 1000 men (cavalry, infantry, teamsters, scientists, miners, newspaper reporters, Santee Sioux guides, and Arikara guides), four artillery pieces, 110 supply wagons, and about 1600 animals (horses, mules, and cattle), traces of the trail can still be seen today. This tour, which trespassed on Lakota land, led to war, seizure of . . . — Map (db m45381) HM|
|Wyoming (Crook County), Sundance — The Vore Buffalo Jump — Hunting Large Bison Took Teamwork and Ingenuity|
|Located a short distance to the east and camouflaged by the red eroded landscape is the Vore Buffalo Jump. This sinkhole served early residents as a slaughterhouse. using the natural pit as a trap, hunters would capture bison in late fall by running a herd over the edge. Once killed, the animals were butchered to provide food and supplies for winter.|
The Coordinated Bison Hunt The hunters camped and made ceremonial preparations downwind and out of sight of the jump. Days before the hunt, . . . — Map (db m45537) HM
|Wyoming (Fremont County), Jeffrey City — Ice Slough|
|Ice Slough is a small stream that flows into the Sweetwater River five miles east of here. In front of this point is a slough (i.e. a marsh or shallow un-drained depression). This slough gave the name to the stream east of here. In the "Ice Slough" the marshes soils and plants insulated the previous winter's ice and it melted slowly throughout the summer. Under the marshes a thick mat of ice could be found late into June or early July. Westward bound immigrants would stop their wagons here for . . . — Map (db m62076) HM|
|Wyoming (Fremont County), Jeffrey City — Split Rock / Split Rock Meadows / Split Rock / Pony Express|
| Split Rock
Originally called the Emigrant Road, the Oregon Trail was the main route of westward expansion from 1812 to 1869. An estimated 500,000 people journeyed past here in search of new lands and new lives in the West.
Because of its unique shape, Split Rock was a well known trail landmark and navigation aid. Emigrants were guided by the rock for an entire day's travel from the east. It remained in view behind them for another two days. From Split Rock, it was about six days to . . . — Map (db m62092) HM|
|Wyoming (Goshen County), Fort Laramie — Old Army Bridge Over the Platte River|
|Erected in 1875. This bridge was a vital link between Cheyenne, Fort Laramie and the Military outposts, Indiana Agencies and gold fields of the Black Hills, Dakota Region.
Placed by The Historical Landmark Commission of Wyoming, June 1951 — Map (db m5747) HM|
|Wyoming (Goshen County), Fort Laramie — The Pony Express — 1860-1861 — 1960-1961|
|From April, 1860, to October, 1861, Fort Laramie was a major post on the Pony Express route between St. Joseph, Missouri and Sacramento, California. — Map (db m49117) HM|
|Wyoming (Goshen County), Fort Laramie — The Pony Express — 1860-1861 — 1960-1961|
|120 celebrated riders rode 650,000 miles with only one rider killed by Indians, one schedule not completed and one mail lost.|
Russell • Majors • Waddell
Founders • Owners • Operators — Map (db m49118) HM
|Wyoming (Johnson County), Buffalo — Living on the Edge — Sculptor: D. Michael Thomas|
|An independent cowboy, or small rancher, brands a calf on the open range. Surprised at his work, he turns to see a rider from a large cattle outfit galloping threateningly toward him.|
Small ranchers, like this cowboy, rode south from Buffalo on the morning of April 11, 1892, to confront “the invaders” at the Ta Ranch. Sheriff Red Angus, citizens of Buffalo, and small ranchers laid siege to the gunmen. Three days later, troops from Fort McKinney, near Buffalo, arrived on the . . . — Map (db m51697) HM
|Wyoming (Johnson County), Buffalo — Occidental Hotel — Est. 1878|
|The National Register of Histroic Places Wyoming Place No. 176 Downtown Historic District|
Historic Hotels of America National Trust for Historic Preservation — Map (db m45546) HM
|Wyoming (Laramie County), Cheyenne — 1974 Downtown National Historic District|
|Although Cheyenne was originally established in the 1857, much of the early town had been destroyed by fires over the years and it was not until the late 1800s that masonry structures were introduced. The current Downtown District of Cheyenne was built between 1872-1920s and represents Cheyenne's first half century of growth. Cheyenne belongs to a breed of American towns established at the same time as the westward movement of the Transcontinental Railroad. Most of these towns were "tent . . . — Map (db m47184) HM|
|Wyoming (Laramie County), Cheyenne — Dedicated to You, A Free Citizen in a Free Land|
|This reproduction of the Liberty Bell was presented to the people of
by direction of The Honorable John W. Snyder
Secretary of the Treasury
As the inspirational symbol of the
United States Savings Bonds Independence Drive
from May 16 to July 4,1950, it was displayed in
every part of this state
The dimensions and tone are identical
with those of the original Liberty bell when it
rang out our independence in 1776.
In standing before this symbol, you have the . . . — Map (db m47188) HM|
|Wyoming (Laramie County), Cheyenne — Esther Hobart Morris|
|Proponent of the Legislative Act Which in 1869 gave distinction to the Territory of Wyoming as the 1st government in the world to grant Women Equal Rights — Map (db m47185) HM|
|Wyoming (Laramie County), Cheyenne — Historic Plains Hotel|
|The National Register of Historic Places Wyoming Place No. 343 Downtown Historic District — Map (db m47156) HM|
|Wyoming (Laramie County), Cheyenne — Mt. Sinai Congregation — First Permanent Jewish House of Worship in Wyoming|
|The first Permanent Jewish Synagogue in Wyoming was erected in 1915 by Cheyenne’s Mt. Sinai Congregation. German Jewish merchants came to Cheyenne starting in 1867, organized but were unable to build a Synagogue. After 1900, with the arrival of Jewish immigrants from Eastern Europe it became possible to both organize and build. This Synagogue was replaced by one at 2610 Pioneer which was dedicated in 1949. Jewish settlement in Wyoming has been called the furthermost reaches of the Jewish . . . — Map (db m27087) HM|
|Wyoming (Laramie County), Cheyenne — The Burlington Routes — 1887 - Present|
| Side A Incorporated as the Cheyenne & Burlington Railroad in March 1887, the 30-mile long Wyoming segment was a part of the larger 145-mile long Chicago, Burlington & Quincy (CB&Q) Railroad line that ran from Midland, Nebraska, westward to Sterling, Colorado, and then northwestward into Cheyenne, Wyoming. Completed and opened for traffic to Cheyenne on December 11, 1887. the Wyoming portion, now vacated, ran from the Colorado-Wyoming State border in the vicinity of Carpenter, Wyoming . . . — Map (db m47181) HM|
|Wyoming (Laramie County), Cheyenne — The first steam-powered locomotive reached Cheyenne on November 14, 1867|
| Side A By 1868 the community boasted 3,000 to 4,000 residents, plus business, schools, churches and newspapers. The UP's stone roundhouse was the first permanent structure (non-wood) built in town. The City's phenomenal growth produced its nickname, "The Magic City of the Plains," as it seemingly developed by magic. Wyoming became a new territory less than nine months later, when President Andrew Johnson signed the Wyoming Organic Act on July 25, 1868. Of course, Cheyenne was its . . . — Map (db m47182) HM|
|Wyoming (Laramie County), Cheyenne — The Trolleys / Cheyenne's Street Railway|
| The Trolleys The railway included a connector past the Fairgrounds to Fort S.A. Russell. Although 1890 drawings show a fail line going up over the wooden viaduct to South Cheyenne, it was never completed and no trolley service went south of the Union Pacific tracts. Because of declining ridership, the company closed August 4, 1892, being "deemed unprofitable."|
Revived in June 1908, the second trolley company was the Cheyenne Electric Railway Company owned by Thomas Cosgriff, the . . . — Map (db m47159) HM
|Wyoming (Laramie County), Cheyenne — The Union Pacific Railroad / The Union Pacific Railroad — Part 1 (1867 - 1890) / Part 2 (1869 - 1890)|
| Part i The story of the Union Pacific Railroad is also a story of Wyoming and particularly Cheyenne. One cannot be told without the telling of the other. It is no exaggeration to say that Cheyenne, Fort D.A. Russell (now F.E. Warren Air Force Base), and the Wyoming Territory were all children of the Union Pacific (UP).|
In 1863, the Pacific Railroad Act was approved by Congress and signed into law by then President Abraham Lincoln, an enthusiastic supporter of railroads. Congress had . . . — Map (db m47178) HM
|Wyoming (Laramie County), Cheyenne — Union Pacific Depot|
|The Union Pacific Depot was built in 1886 and given to the community or Cheyenne in April 1993 by the Union Pacific Railroad Company. — Map (db m47157) HM|
|Wyoming (Laramie County), Cheyenne — Wyoming Army and Air National Guard Memorial|
|Eternal gratitude to the men and women who have served and sacrificed in the Wyoming Army and Air National Guard — Map (db m47191) HM|
|Wyoming (Laramie County), Cheyenne — Wyoming Spanish American War Monument|
|Erected to the Memory of The heroes of the Spanish American War by The State of Wyoming and The Ladies Volunteer Aid Society Second Regiment U.S, Vol. Cavalry First Battalion, Wyoming Volunteers Battery A Wyoming Volunteers — Map (db m47190) HM|
|Wyoming (Lincoln County), Kemmerer — Fossil Butte|
|Fossil Butte is a 50 million year old lakebed and one of the richest fossil resources in the world. It is part of the Green River Formation, a layer of rock composed of laminated limestone, mudstone, and volcanic ash. Complete paleo-ecosystems are preserved in the formation, which is the geologic remnant of the Green River Lake System of the Eocene era. Designated on October 23, 1972, Fossil Butte National Monument encompasses a part of land that was once under Fossil Lake.
Fossil Lake was . . . — Map (db m36624) HM|
|Wyoming (Lincoln County), Kemmerer — Oregon Trail Memorial|
|To All Pioneers
To Win and Hold
Kemmerer 1931 — Map (db m36650) HM|
|Wyoming (Lincoln County), Kemmerer — Wyoming Centennial|
|This bell was used at the
Kemmerer Grade School
Built in 1901 and used
Tower Donated by the
K/D 1990 Centennial Committee
and the Kemmerer/Diamondville
Chamber of Commerce. — Map (db m36654) HM|
|Wyoming (Lincoln County), La Barge — Jim Bridger — Trapper 1844|
|He little knew that when he cut his name, or had it cut, in this stone, that it would be engraved in the annals of the West deeper than that of any other man. As one of the world's outstanding explorers he guided emigrants, railroads and army in the expansion of the nation — Map (db m36660) HM|
|Wyoming (Lincoln County), La Barge — 25 — Names Hill|
| The National Register
of Historic Places
Wyoming Place No. 25 — Map (db m36661) HM|
|Wyoming (Lincoln County), La Barge — Seeds-Kee-Dee-Agie, Spanish River, Rio Verde, Green River|
|To the Shoshone Indian, this river was the Seeds-Kee-Dee Agie (Prairie Chicken River). On Sept. 16 1811, the Astorians near its headwaters termed it the Spanish River. To the Spaniards, far to the south, it was the Rio Verde (Green River). Jedediah Smith and his Mountain Men, making the first westward crossing of the south Pass by white men, camped near here Mar. 19, 1824 on the Seeds-Kee-Dee. They trapped the river and its forks which were named for them: LaBarge, Ham's, Black's, Smith's, . . . — Map (db m36659) HM|
|Wyoming (Natrona County), Alcova — Independence Rock|
|Thousands who traveled the Oregon Trail in central Wyoming were unaware that they were the beneficiaries of a long series of geological events. The granite peaks around you are mountains that rose, sank and then were buried in sand and ashy sediments. Erosion exposed their summits and created the Sweetwater Valley, part of an east-west passageway through the Rockies. The route was used by game animals, Native Americans and fur trappers, followed at mid-century by wagon train and handcart . . . — Map (db m62149) HM|
|Wyoming (Niobrara County), Lusk — Redwood Water Tank|
|This Redwood Water Tank was built by the Wyoming Central Railway in 1886. It was first filled by a windmill, then by other types of pumps. It stored water for the steam engines that pulled the trains. It is one of only six remaining in the nation.
The Sioux City & Pacific R.R. surveyed the route from Chadron NE to Fort Fetterman Wyoming Territory in 1883. They organized the Wyoming Central Railway a Wyo. Corp. as required by law to build or own a railroad in the territory in 1886. As the . . . — Map (db m41961) HM|
|Wyoming (Park County), Mammoth Hot Springs — A Good Duty Station|
|The lifespan of most Western military posts was measured in months, or several years. Accordingly, their structures were temporary, and many have long since vanished from the landscape. Fort Yellowstone was unusual because of its permanence and the corresponding substance of its buildings. It also bore little resemblance to older, barricaded forts.
Because of its good facilities, relaxed discipline, and interesting surroundings, Fort Yellowstone was considered a prized assignment by many . . . — Map (db m39727) HM|
|Wyoming (Park County), Mammoth Hot Springs — A Most Fortunate Thing...|
|Before the Army arrived in Yellowstone, the park's future was in doubt. Vandals destroyed thermal features, squatters sawed down trees and poachers decimated herds of wildlife. Perhaps the Army's greatest contribution to Yellowstone's history was bringing law and order to the park.
In the winter of 1894, soldiers caught the notorious poacher Ed Howell killing buffalo. Because no laws existed to prosecute Howell, public indignation caused Representative Lacey of Iowa to propose a bill "to . . . — Map (db m39745) HM
|Wyoming (Park County), Mammoth Hot Springs — A Sense of Community|
|Fort Yellowstone was truly a community as well as a military outpost. The small village frequently assembled to welcome new residents or bid farewell to departing neighbors. The joys of births, christenings, and marriages mingles with the sorrows of illnesses, accidents and deaths. Religious services were held in the troop mess hall, the post exchange, or in a private residence until the chapel was built.
The last of the structures built by the Army (1913), the chapel added a "finishing . . . — Map (db m39742) HM|
|Wyoming (Park County), Mammoth Hot Springs — A Soldier's Life|
|A solider lived with the rest of his company in the Troop Barracks (structure in front of you).
A typical day began at 5:30 am, at the stable, just behind the barracks where the horses were fed. From that time until almost noon, soldiers groomed their mounts, inspected their equipment, and fed and watered the horses at least one more time.
The rest of the day might be spent patrolling the Mammoth Hot Spring Terraces to prevent visitors from chipping away souvenirs, practicing on the . . . — Map (db m40589) HM|
|Wyoming (Park County), Mammoth Hot Springs — At Guard|
|Protecting Yellowstone's wildlife and natural wonders was the primary function of the Army. An important part of this duty was managing the growing visitation to the park and watching for "shady characters."
Park roads were once aligned so that the guardhouse controlled traffic into Yellowstone from the north. Here soldiers contacted each party and entered the name of the driver, passengers, and type of rig into a large ledger. Guns not held at the guardhouse were sealed on the spot. They . . . — Map (db m39729) HM|
|Wyoming (Park County), Mammoth Hot Springs — Boiling River Trail — Endangered Stream|
|This stretch of river runs warmer than most mountain streams. A half mile up the trail, underground discharge from Mammoth Hot Springs enters the current and creates a year-round climate for water birds, trout, and aquatic plants. Over the years, delicate travertine terraces have formed along the thermal channel.
With as many as 200 visitors a day, Boiling River is threatened by its popularity. Trail traffic has collapsed several terraces; soap has polluted the water and killed fish and . . . — Map (db m40583) HM|
|Wyoming (Park County), Mammoth Hot Springs — From Soldier to Ranger|
|In 1912, President Taft in a special message to Congress said:
"I earnestly recommend the establishment of a bureau of National Parks. Such legislation is essential to the proper management of those wonderful manifestations of nature, so startling and so beautiful that everyone recognizes the obligations of the government to preserve them for the edification and recreation of the people."
The National Park Service Act was signed on August 25, 1916. Soon after, soldiers were . . . — Map (db m40599) HM|
|Wyoming (Park County), Mammoth Hot Springs — Mt. Everts Mudslides — Temporary Scenery|
|Landslides are epidemic in this valley. In late spring and summer, storm clouds travel through the Gardner River canyon, striking Mt. Everts from brief but intense showers. The dry, layered cliffs have little protective vegetation. Loosened by seismic tremors and constant freezing and thawing, tons of mud and rock wash downslope, forming alluvial fans at the base.
Inset photo caption - Down valley, toward Gardiner, the slumping is more severe. After a heavy rain, cliffs of shale, mudstone . . . — Map (db m40588) HM|
|Wyoming (Park County), Mammoth Hot Springs — The Drill Field|
|Gathering place, site of ceremonies and parades, training ground - the drill field was the focal point of daily life at Fort Yellowstone.
Each day began with a bugler sounding Reveille. Gradually, the Fort came to life and another bugle call brought horse-mounted soldiers trotting onto the field for the flag raising. Assignments were announced, and troopers headed out to patrol the Mammoth Hot Spring Terraces or other nearby attractions.|
Those remaining behind assumed the . . . — Map (db m39723) HM
|Wyoming (Park County), Mammoth Hot Springs — Welcome to Historic Fort Yellowstone|
|From 1886 until the creation of the National Park Service in 1916 the United States Army was responsible for the administration and management of Yellowstone National Park.|
The row of buildings ahead of you is part of Historic Fort Yellowstone. These structures were built in three phases between 1891 and 1913 to serve as Army headquarters and to accommodate the troops assigned to Yellowstone National Park.
A stroll along the sidewalks of Fort Yellowstone takes you back to when . . . — Map (db m40590) HM
|Wyoming (Park County), Yellowstone National Park — Artist Point — Grand Canyon of the Yellowstone River|
A Photographer's Canvas
Artist Point offers a magnificent view of Lower Falls plunging 308 feet (93 meters). Framed by canyon walls, forest, and sky, the picturesque scene has been photographed countless times for more than a century.
Artist Point is thought to have been named by park photographer F.J. Haynes, possibly as early as 1883. He and his son, Jack Ellis Haynes, photographed and hand-tinted Yellowstone images for eight decades, including numerous works from Artist . . . — Map (db m45265) HM|
|Wyoming (Park County), Yellowstone National Park — Beehive Geyser|
|this geyser, named for its 4-foot high cone, resembles an old fashioned beehive. Though its cone is modest by comparison to others in the Upper Geyser Basin, Beehive is one of the most powerful and impressive geysers in Yellowstone. The cone acts as a nozzle, directing a column of steam and water to heights of up to 200 feet.|
Fast Facts: Typically, Beehive's activity is not predictable, but when eruption cycles start, intervals between eruptions can range from 10 hours to 5 days. An . . . — Map (db m46274) HM
|Wyoming (Park County), Yellowstone National Park — Brink of Lower Falls — Grand Canyon of the Yellowstone River|
Sculpting Lower Falls
Reaching the Brink of Lower Falls overlook requires hiking a steep trail that winds down the canyon wall…a wall of hardened rhyolite lava…a wall exposed by the Yel1owstone River while excavating the canyon.
Below Lower Falls, volcanic heat and gases soften the rhyolite rock. The river carves more quickly there than upstream—sculpting a ledge and creating a waterfall.
Welcome to Brink of Lower falls
The steep, winding path to the Brink . . . — Map (db m45293) HM|
|Wyoming (Park County), Yellowstone National Park — Brink of Upper Falls — Grand Canyon of the Yellowstone River|
Between a Rock and a Hard Place
From the Brink of Upper Falls viewpoint you can witness the power of the Yellowstone River as you watch millions of gallons (liters) of water plunging 109 feet (33 meters).
From the brink, notice the solid walls of rock on each side of the river. About 484,000 years ago, this rock was hot, molten rhyolite lava oozing across the land. Today, Upper Falls cuts through this hardened lava flow.
Welcome to Brink of Upper Falls
Trail to . . . — Map (db m45291) HM|
|Wyoming (Park County), Yellowstone National Park — Canyon Colors|
|Mineral stains mark the sites of hot springs and steam vents in the canyon walls. For thousands of years,upwardly percolating fluids have altered the chemistry of the rocks, turning them yellow, red, white, and pink.
From the rim, the bright patches of color are the most visible evidence of hot spots. Puffs of steam, visible on all but the warmest days of summer, mark areas of ongoing thermal activity in the canyon. — Map (db m45266) HM|
|Wyoming (Park County), Yellowstone National Park — Captive Tourists — The Nez Perce Encounter|
| During their fighting retreat toward freedom in Canada, the non-treaty Nez Perce passed directly through Yellowstone National Park in August, 1877. Their route followed this creek. When outriders encountered a party of sightseers camped nearby, the Nez Perce held the group hostage for several hours.|
Angry at past betrayals, a pair of Nez Perce shot and left for dead George Cowan, but a chief intervened and the rest of the tourists were released unharmed. Six weeks later the Nez Perce . . . — Map (db m39455) HM
|Wyoming (Park County), Yellowstone National Park — Dragon's Mouth Spring|
|An unknown park visitor named this feature around 1912, perhaps due to the water that frequently surged from the cave like the lashing of a dragon's tongue. Until 1994, this dramatic wave-like action ofter splashed water as far as the boardwalk. The rumbling sounds are caused by steam and other gasses exploding through the water causing it to crash against the walls of the hidden caverns. — Map (db m46269) HM|
|Wyoming (Park County), Yellowstone National Park — Fumaroles|
| Letting off Steam Listen intently for the hiss of steam escaping the mountain. Fumaroles are sometimes barely audible, but sometimes roar as steam rushes upward through narrow vents. during the 1800s, Roaring Mountain was, at times, heard four miles away at Obsidian Cliff.|
Photo As hydrogen sulfide and sulfur gases escape the underworld, yellow sulfur crystals are sometimes left where gases mix with air. Sulfur-eating thermophiles may reside at the vents, assisting with the . . . — Map (db m45383) HM
|Wyoming (Park County), Yellowstone National Park — Grand View — Grand Canyon of the Yellowstone River|
Deep and Wide
The Grand Canyon of the Yellowstone River is…
• More than 1,000 feet deep in most places (305 m)
• Up to 4,000 feet wide (1,219 m)
• 20 miles long (32 km)
• Carved from old rhyolitic lava flows
• Thermally altered—changed by heat and gases from the Yellowstone Volcano
Welcome to Grand View
For a magnificent view of the canyon, follow the path to the overlook, just ahead. On your way, you can rest on stone benches. The path to the . . . — Map (db m45298) HM|
|Wyoming (Park County), Yellowstone National Park — Inspiration Point — Grand Canyon of the Yellowstone River|
A Youthful Glow
The Grand Canyon of the Yellowstone River was born thousands of years ago, but is till young in geologic time.
After Yellowstone’s most recent icecap melted about 14,000 years ago, the Yellowstone River began excavating old rhyolitic lava flows. With help from wind, rain, and gravity, the river is still carving today.
The canyon’s color and texture are also changing. Heat and gases from Yellowstone’s volcano flow through the rock, transforming it from buff, . . . — Map (db m45301) HM|
|Wyoming (Park County), Yellowstone National Park — Lookout Point — Grand Canyon of the Yellowstone River|
Welcome to Lookout Point
Lookout Point is popular for its lofty view. The trail to the overlook is about 145 yards (133 m) long, and includes 13 steps.
A steep descent to Red Rock will take you to the North Rim's closest full view of Lower Falls. Please be prepared for steep grades, steps, and a rough surface. The trail descends rapidly—about 500 feet (150 m) in 3/8 mile (0.6 km). Wear sturdy walking shoes with good tread, and be prepared for a steep uphill . . . — Map (db m45295) HM|
|Wyoming (Park County), Yellowstone National Park — Mud Volcano|
| Explosive Change In 1870, explorers stood in awe as Mud Volcano spewed mud into the treetops, shaking the ground with each eruption. Two years later it was a pool of bubbling, muddy water. Mud Volcano has blown itself apart!|
While returning by a new route to our camp, dull, thundering sounds, which General Washburn likened to frequent discharges of a distant mortar, broke upon our ears. We followed their direction, and found them to proceed from a mud volcano, which occupied the slope of . . . — Map (db m46272) HM
|Wyoming (Park County), Yellowstone National Park — Norris Geyser Basin|
Beautiful and Bizarre
As you walk through Norris Geyser Basin, you may feel as if you are encountering another world. In the basin—far below the towering peaks of the Gallatin Mountains—water accumulates underground. Heated by the Yellowstone Volcano, the water travels upward to erupt from acidic geysers, rise from steaming fumaroles, and simmer in shimmering pools.
Two loop trails begin here. Due to rough terrain and highly changeable conditions, . . . — Map (db m45316) HM|
|Wyoming (Park County), Yellowstone National Park — Roaring Mountain|
| Living Landscape Amid Roaring Mountain's steam and sulfur-rich gases, microscopic organisms are hard at work. This barren slope, inhospitable to humans, is the perfect home for Sulfolobus acidocaldarius. Billions upon billions of these thermophiles live here, wearing away the mountain.|
What's for Dinner? Sulfolobus acidocaldarius, hardy residents of Roaring Mountain live on hydrogen sulfide gas escaping from below. They consume the gas, helping to convert it into . . . — Map (db m45382) HM
|Wyoming (Park County), Yellowstone National Park — Shifting Ground|
|Before the earthquake on June 30, 1975, the observation platform extended one hundred feet farther into the canyon. The main tremor and numerous aftershocks measuring 6.1 on the Richter scale shattered a portion of this cliff, tumbling it into the gorge.
Up and down the canyon you can see evidence of other rockfalls. This section of the Yellowstone River overlies a major fracture zone, and the park records thousands of minor tremors annually. Do not assume the scenery will be the same when you return. — Map (db m45302) HM|
|Wyoming (Park County), Yellowstone National Park — Sulphur Caldron|
|Ten times more acidic than lemon juice, Sulphur Caldron sits on the edge of one of the most active areas of Yellowstone's buried volcano. Sulphur-rich gasses rise furiously here, filling Sulphur Caldron with sulfuric acid. Incredibly, this muddy pool is teeming with life!|
Home Sweet Home Billions of thermoacidophiles thrive in Sulphur Caldron. They convert the pool's hydrogen sulfide gas into sulfuric acid. The sulfuric acid breaks soil and rock into mud, making this spring a very muddy . . . — Map (db m46268) HM
|Wyoming (Park County), Yellowstone National Park — The Grand Canyon of the Yellowstone — [Artist Point]|
| The canyon varies from 800 to 1200 feet in depth
and from 1500 to 4000 feet in width. Its length is about 24 miles. The upper 2½ miles is the most colorful section. Hot spring activity has continued through the ages altering the lava rock to produce lovely colors which are largely due to varied iron compounds. Have you noticed that stream vents and geysers are still at work on the canyon walls? — Map (db m41398) HM|
|Wyoming (Park County), Yellowstone National Park — The Grand Canyon Of The Yellowstone|
|The canyon varies from 800 to 1200 feet in depth and from 1500 to 4000 feet in width. Its length is about 24 miles. The upper 2½ miles is the most colorful section. Hot spring activity has continued through the ages altering the lava rock to produce lovely colors which are largely due to varied iron compounds. Have you noticed that steam vents and geysers are still at work on the canyon walls? — Map (db m45299) HM|
|Wyoming (Park County), Yellowstone National Park — The Madison Elk Herd|
|From an elk's perspective, this valley offers
everything needed for year-round survival.
Food is abundant. These meadows become
snow-free relatively early and stay lush longer
into summer. During May-June calving season,
nearby lodgepole pine forests shelter newborns
from coyotes and bears.|
In 1988 fires burned the slopes across the river.
For the next several years the dense forest will
be more open and less sheltering, which may
affect the movement of the herd. Harsh . . . — Map (db m46262) HM
|Wyoming (Park County), Yellowstone National Park — The National Park System|
|The national park idea is often referred to as one of America's greatest contributions to world culture. America's natural and cultural heritage—its very character and soul—is preserved in over 360 units of the National Park System.
The National Park Service administers the system, striving to preserve these places for the future while providing for public enrichment and enjoyment today. Yellowstone National Park was established in 1872 as the world's first national . . . — Map (db m45314) HM|
|Wyoming (Park County), Yellowstone National Park — The Norris Area — Orientation|
Norris Geyser Basin
You are close to a world of heat and gases where microorganisms live in such massive numbers they add color to the landscape. This strange, beautiful place is on the edge of a giant volcano-the Yellowstone Volcano-one of the largest on Earth.
Norris Geyser Basin Museum
On your way to the geyser basin, you will arrive at the Norris Geyser Basin Museum. This historic stone structure opened in 1930 to help orient park visitors to Yellowstone's amazing . . . — Map (db m45349) HM|
|Wyoming (Park County), Yellowstone National Park — Uncle Tom’s Point — Grand Canyon of the Yellowstone River|
Welcome to Uncle Tom’s Point
Uncle Tom’s Trail
For a memorable descent into the canyon, follow Uncle Tom’s Trail. From there, you can sense the power of Lower Falls as the Yellowstone River thunders over the brink, dropping 308 feet (93 m).
This modern version of the historic Uncle Tom’s Trail—a trail that once consisted of wooden ladders and rope handrails—contains many steps and is very strenuous.
Upper Falls Viewpoint
For a leisurely . . . — Map (db m45272) HM|
|Wyoming (Park County), Yellowstone National Park — Upper Falls of the Yellowstone River|
|A waterfall is a clue that you are standing on a geologic crossroads.
A waterfall forms in a river channel where harder rocks meet softer rocks that erode more easily and quickly. Here, volcanic and hydrothermal activity have created the 109-foot (33 m) Upper falls.
1 About 480,000 years ago, lava formed a layer of rock that resists erosion. The lava naturally cracks in a zig-zag pattern.
2 Over time, hydrothermal springs rose through some of these cracks, . . . — Map (db m45275) HM|
|Wyoming (Park County), Yellowstone National Park — Volcanic Landscape|
|You are inside a caldera of one of the largest volcanoes in the world! The volcano has erupted at least three times, and Yellowstone is full of signs that volcanic activity is still very much alive below ground.|
On the Rise Magma is moving and pushing underground forcing the hill in front of you to rise! two of these bulges or "resurgent domes" have been found in the caldera. From here, you can see part of the Sour Creek dome - an oval-shaped hill about ten miles long and six miles . . . — Map (db m46265) HM
|Wyoming (Park County), Yellowstone National Park — Waterfall Makers|
|Here the Yellowstone River plunges 308 feet over the Lower Falls. Hot springs have weakened the rock jut downstream, where you might see several geysers spouting into the river. As falling water pounds the thermally softened rock, it continues to undercut the falls and deepen the gorge.
In this geologically active landscape, the park’s riverbeds drop abruptly in more than a hundred locations. A half-mile upstream, the Upper Falls formed at a junction of a lava flow and glacial lake . . . — Map (db m45297) HM|
|Wyoming (Park County), Yellowstone National Park — Yellowstone National Park|
|Yellowstone has been designated a U.S. Biosphere Reserve, a World Heritage Site, and is one of the largest national parks in the lower 48 states. Its boundaries protect over 10,000 geysers,hot springs, mudpots, and steam vents-the earth's largest array of geothermal features. An incredible variety of wildlife, including some threatened and rare species, is also protected in a vast wilderness habitat.
Geysers and hot springs played a compelling role in the park's establishment. Since . . . — Map (db m45315) HM|
|Wyoming (Platte County), Guernsey — Oregon Trail Ruts — Registered National Historic Landmark|
|Wagon wheels cut solid rock, carving a memorial to Empire Builders. what manner of men and beasts impelled conveyances weighting on those griding wheels? Look! A line of shadows crossing boundless wilderness.
Foremost, nimble mules drawing their carts, come poised Montain Men carrying trade goods to a fur fair -- the Rendezvous. So, in 1830, Bill Sublette turns the first wheels from St. Louis to the Rocky Mountains! Following his faint trail, a decade later and on throught the 1860's, . . . — Map (db m5748) HM|
|Wyoming (Platte County), Guernsey — Register Cliff|
|The wayfarer's penchant for inscribing names and dates on prominent landmarks excites the interest of his descendants. Regrettably, marks of historic value are often effaced by later opportunists.
Along the Oregon Trail, famed transcontinental route of the 19th century, pertinent dates are from the 1820's through the 1860's. Three outstanding recording areas exist within Wyoming: Register Cliff here; Independence Rock, 180 miles west; and Names Hill, a further 175 miles along the Trail's . . . — Map (db m5749) HM|
|Wyoming (Sheridan County), Banner — Fort Phil Kearny — Registered National Historic Landmark|
| The Land
The land under view where the Great Plains meets the Rocky Mountains was once the Red Man's land of milk and honey, then as now teaming with wildlife. It was a most productive--thus favorite--hunting ground. But it was also a natural route used from time immemorial by nomadic men and migratory beasts. Lying hundreds of miles beyond the 1860 frontier, it was treaty-confirmed Indian country.
Here came a frontiersman, John Bozeman, pioneering a wagon road which followed . . . — Map (db m21870) HM|
|Wyoming (Sublette County), Bondurant — Astorian Camp|
|On this site, Oct. 18, 1811, sixty-one Astorians of the Pacific Fur Company led by Wilson Price Hunt camped for 5 days. They were on their way to the Pacific Ocean from St. Louis and were the second group to cross the continent, just 5 years after Lewis and Clark. Here they met and traded with the Snake Indians, killed buffalo, and cured meat.|
The group included Marie Dorian, the Iowa Indian wife of guide, Pierre Dorian, and her two children, ages 2 and 4. Later during the trip, on Dec. 30, . . . — Map (db m47078) HM
|Wyoming (Sublette County), Boulder — Pronghorn Antelope and the High Cold Desert|
|Dominated by sagebrush grasslands, the "high cold desert" provides habitat for one of the largest pronghorn antelope herds in the world. This region is home to 40,000 to 60,000 antelope, known as the Sublette Herd. The pronghorn has keen eyesight and the ability to run up to 60 miles an hour.|
As you travel this highway, small groups of the herd can be viewed during the late spring and summer. As the fall season turns into winter and snow begins to cover their food sources, thousands of . . . — Map (db m47095) HM
|Wyoming (Sublette County), Boulder — Sand Spring - A Stop on the Oregon Trail|
|This site is a crossing of the Lander Cut-off, the northern fork of the Oregon Trail. Originally called the Fort Kearney-South Pass-Honey Lake Wagon Road when it opened in 1858, it was the first federally-funded road project west of the Mississippi River.|
F.W. Lander mapped this new route, shortening the trip to the Pacific by 5 days and avoiding a ferry crossing to the south where price gouging was alleged. Sand Springs was the only reliable water available to emigrants between Muddy Creek, . . . — Map (db m47092) HM
|Wyoming (Sublette County), Boulder — To All Pioneers Who Passed This Way to Win and Hold the West|
|Route of Lander cut-off first government financed road in Wyoming. Officially called Ft. Kearney, South Pass and Honey Lake Road. Built in 1858 from Rocky Ridge to Ft. Hall to provide shorter route for emigrants. — Map (db m47093) HM|
|Wyoming (Sublette County), Farson — To All Pioneers Who Passed This Way to Win and Hold the West|
|Route of Sublette cut-off from Big Sandy to Bear River. Traversed after 1843 by emigrants to Oregon and California. — Map (db m47096) HM|
|Wyoming (Sublette County), Pinedale — Welcome to the Riparian Community of Duck Creek|
|Duck Creek riparian community is a diverse and complex society of living organisms. Wild brown trout feed on caddisfly nymphs, which live in self-made stick and stone shelters, clinging to the rocks. Yellow warblers and flycatchers next in willow bushes. Beaver harvest willows to build dams and lodges. A mallard hen raises its brood on the beaver pond. In the wet meadows beyond the creek, sandhill cranes and long-billed curlews raise their chicks. On a good morning yo can see more than 30 kinds . . . — Map (db m47080) HM|
|Wyoming (Sweetwater County), Farson — 26 — Little Sandy Crossing|
|On Monday evening, June 28, 1847, Brigham Young and the Mormon pioneers met James Bridger and party near this place. Both companies encamped here over night and conferred at length regarding the route and the possibility of establishing and sustaining a large population in the valley of the Great Salt Lake. Bridger tried to discourage the undertaking in this conference he is reported to have said that he would give one thousand dollars for the first bushel of corn crown in the Salt Lake Valley. — Map (db m47138) HM|
|Wyoming (Sweetwater County), Farson — The Big Sandy River|
|Long before the Oregon/California westward migration, animals instinctively stopped at the Big Sandy River during their migration process. With South Pass just 35 miles east, the river was also a natural East-West pathway for man.|
The pathway, in combination with the river, made the area a stopping place for Native Americans and later explorers, including the Mountain Men. With the advent of travel to Oregon, California, and Utah, it also became a stop for wagon trains on this part of the . . . — Map (db m47136) HM
|Wyoming (Sweetwater County), Farson — To the Brave Men Who Rode the Pony Express|
|1860 -- 1861 The site of Big Sandy Station Gift of Andrew Arnott To the State of Wyoming — Map (db m47135) HM|
|Wyoming (Sweetwater County), Green River — John Wesley Powell|
|From Green River, Wyoming on May 24, 1869 Major John Wesley Powell and a group of voyagers set out to discover the mysteries of one of the last unexplored regions in the continental United States--the Green and Colorado Rivers. Powell was a disabled veteran who lost his right arm in the Civil War. Later he turned to exploration, and in 1869 and 1871 led crews down the rivers and through the Grand Canyon.
The town of Green River was chosen as the starting point because it was here that the . . . — Map (db m13099) HM|
|Wyoming (Sweetwater County), Rock Springs — Landscapes of Power|
|About three million years ago, a volcano dominated the landscape east of U.S. 191. The powerful forces of wind and water eroded softer rocks surrounding the volcano's more resistant core, resulting in the tooth-shaped butte on the eastern horizon. Boars Tusk now rises over 400ft. above the desert floor and stands sentinel over the vast expanse of the Killpecker Sand Dunes. This narrow belt of wind-blown sand stretches for over 60 miles across the Continental Divide, forming the largest dune . . . — Map (db m47139) HM|
|Wyoming (Teton County), Hoback Junction — Granite Hot Springs Swimming Pool — Operated Under Special Use Permit — Bridger-Teton National Forest|
|Pool constructed in 1933 by Civilian Conservation Corps (CCC)
Average Yearly Snowfall 400"
Water Temp. Summer 93, Winter 112 — Map (db m62281) HM|
|Wyoming (Teton County), Jackson — "John Hoback , Guide of Astorians"|
|"John Hoback, Jacob Reznor and Edward Robinson, trappers from Kentucky, in 1811 guided the Astorians land expeditions land expedition under Wilson Price Hunt across the northern part of present Wyoming to the Snake River. From this Junction of the Snake and Hoback Rivers the Hunt group passed through Jackson Hole over Teton Pass and onto Henry's Fort in Idaho. In this area Hoback and his companions were detached from the expedition to trap beaver. The following summer the eastbound Astorians . . . — Map (db m47076) HM|
|Wyoming (Teton County), Jackson — Elk Antler Arches|
|Antler arches have been gates to the Jackson Town Square since 1960. The antlers are from elk that winter on the National Elk Refuge. About 7,500 elk spend each winter on the refuge. The bulls shed their antlers each spring. Antlers are picked up by local Boy Scouts and sold by public auction in this square each May. All four arches were built by the Jackson hole Rotary Club.|
The arches are here for all to enjoy - it is unlawful to remove antlers from these arches, and subject to $750 in fines. — Map (db m47070) HM
|Wyoming (Teton County), Jackson — Gathering|
|On June 15, 1897 John and Maggie Simpson donated land on which to build a Gathering place for residents of the valley.|
This structure became known as the Clubhouse and originally housed the gun club. The Clubhouse also became a community spot for meetings, movies and all-night dances.
"...we all one-stepped, two-stepped, fox-trotted and waltzed and polkaed together in the old Clubhouse----a two-story log and frame building on the east side of the Square. The dance hall was upstairs over the . . . — Map (db m47073) HM
|Wyoming (Teton County), Jackson — In The Early Days|
|the Town Square was a scrubby area strewn with rocks and sage-brush. Often, one would see elk bunched up with the town cows grazing in the square.|
In 1932, as part of a nation-wide movement to honor his 200th birthday, the square was named George Washington Memorial Park. The American Legion planted trees and grass. From 1953 to 1969, the Rotary Club built elk antler arches on each corner of the square.
Presently, in May of each year an antler auction is held in the square. Revenue from the . . . — Map (db m47068) HM
|Wyoming (Teton County), Jackson — Teton County Veterans Memorial|
|This beautiful memorial is dedicated in loving memory of the Teton County Veterans, Jackson's Hole, Wyoming — Map (db m47072) HM|
|Wyoming (Teton County), Jackson — The Jackson State Bank|
|was organized by Robert Miller in 1914 and was located on Crabtree Corner. Most of the initial capital of $10,000 was subscribed to by local citizens. Mr. Miller's nickname was "Old Twelve Percent" due to the high interest rate he charged.|
Next door to the bank stood Ma Reed's Hotel, where meals cost between 25 and 75 cents. Rooms were $1.50 per night, unheated. Later it became the Crabtree Hotel.
Not all construction was commercial such as the Van Vleck residence on east Broadway. It is . . . — Map (db m47071) HM
|Wyoming (Teton County), Jackson — The Square as it appeared in 1936|
|The log cabin to the far left once housed the Jackson Post Office. Next door stood the I.O.O.F. (Independent Order of Odd Fellows) building, which is still recognizable today.|
In the distant background there is the distinctive curved roof line of the Rainbow Dance Hall as well as the classic western facade of the Jackson hole Courier, the town's first local newspaper.
A year after this photograph was taken, Jackson Drug Company was relocated from the Clubhouse to a building . . . — Map (db m47074) HM
|Wyoming (Teton County), Jackson Hole — Stephen Tyng Mather — July 4, 1867 - Jan. 22, 1930|
|He laid the foundation of the National Park Service, defining and establishing the policies under which its areas shall be developed and conserved, unimpaired for future generations. There will never come an end to the good that he has done. — Map (db m46370) HM|
|Wyoming (Teton County), Jackson Hole — Trumpeter Swans|
|This marsh area is the nesting and year-round home of the rare trumpeter swan. In winter months as many as 60-90 trumpeter and tundra swans find a haven on the National Elk Refuge because warm springs provide some ice-free open waters.|
By the early 1930's fewer than 100 trumpeter swans survived outside of Alaska. They were driven to the most remote areas by market demand for quill pens and powder puffs of swans down. Habitat loss additionally reduced their numbers until only western Montana . . . — Map (db m46371) HM
|Wyoming (Teton County), Moran — Fault Scarp|
|Measuring the Rise of the Range A fault scarp provides visual evidence of displacement of adjoining blocks of the earth's crust along a fault. near the base of Rockchuck Peak, the scarp shows nearly 60 feet of movement, mostly in the down-dropping of the valley. This movement generated earthquakes of the highest magnitude.|
Geologists estimate that displacement will continue as it has for the last nine million years. Through periodic earthquake-producing jolts, the mountains will hinge upward and the valley will tilt downward. — Map (db m46368) HM
|Wyoming (Teton County), Moran — Jenny Lake|
|Running water initially cut V-shaped canyons throughout the range. Mountain glaciers later filled these canyons. Rocks of all sizes, falling onto and plucked by these glaciers, enhanced their grinding power. The broad U-shape of Cascade Canyon typifies the reshaping force of masses of flowing ice.|
Upon leaving the confining canyon, the most recent mountain glacier spread onto and pressed deeply into the valley floor. Where flow equalled melting, the glacier acted like a giant conveyor belt, . . . — Map (db m46369) HM
|Wyoming (Teton County), Moran — The Cathedral Group|
|Viewed from this perspective, Teewinot Mountain, the Grand Teton, and Mount Owen comprise the Cathedral Group.|
"These peaks have been called the Cathedral Group...more evident here than in many of the great cathedrals of men is the Gothic note. It is seen in the profiles of the countless firs and spruces congregated like worshippers on the lower slopes; it reappears higher in the converging lines of spire rising beyond spire; it attains supreme expression in the figures of the peaks . . . — Map (db m46367) HM
|Wyoming (Teton County), Moran — The Teton Range|
|Young, Restless, and Still Rising In geologic time, these mountains are the energetic teenagers of the Rocky Mountain chain, active, growing, yet sculpted by erosion.|
The Rise of the Range Nine million years ago, the earth's crust broke into two rectangular blocks along the Teton fault, a 40-mile-long zone of weakness. Through sporadic movements, the western block hinged skyward to become the Teton Range, while the eastern block tilted downward to form the valley called Jackson Hole. . . . — Map (db m46278) HM
|Wyoming (Teton County), Wilson — Elijah Nicholas "Uncle Nick" Wilson — April 8, 1842 - December 26, 1915|
|In 1889, Uncle Nick joined his older brother Sylvester who brought the first Mormon settlers over Teton Pass into Jackson Hole. It took 14 days for the band to travel 90 miles from St. Anthony, Idaho to Wilson, Wyoming, the town which bears his name.
As a child, Uncle Nick lived with Chief Washakie's band of Shoshone Indians. He later was a Pony Express rider, a scout for General Albert S. Johnston, and an Overland Stage driver. In Wilson, Uncle Nick was the first Presiding Elder for the . . . — Map (db m62278) HM|
|Wyoming (Teton County), Yellowstone National Park — Biscuit Basin|
|This thermal basin is particularly volatile, unpredictable. On August 17, 1959, an earthquake recorded at 7.5 on the Richter scale had its epicenter just a few miles to the northwest.
Four days later, Sapphire Pool began to erupt violently, blowing away the large rock biscuits around the crater. Biscuit Basin was named for those biscuit-shaped mineral formations. — Map (db m45374) HM|
|Wyoming (Teton County), Yellowstone National Park — Buried Alive|
|Excelsior Geyser’s rugged crater was created by rare massive geyser eruptions. Surprisingly, it also preserves a record of past life.
For thousands of years, microbes have grown in the runoff channels extending from nearby Grand Prismatic Spring. These vast communities were buried alive as the flowing hot water deposited a crust of silica minerals. The resulting deposit, called sinter, preserved the shape of the microbial mat it entombed. As new mats grew, more layers developed. Today’s . . . — Map (db m45336) HM|
|Wyoming (Teton County), Yellowstone National Park — Chance Encounter|
|Across the meadow, a fire burned in the campsite of nine tourists on the night of August 23, 1877. The Cowan party had unknowingly camped near hundreds of Nez Perce men, women, and children who were under violent pursuit by the United States Army. Through the darkness, the Cowan’s firelight flickered and was spotted by Hemene Moxmox (Yellow Wolf) and other Nez Perce scouts. With the heightened instincts of war-torn hearts, the scouts entered the camp at daybreak. They dared not risk the Army . . . — Map (db m45254) HM|
|Wyoming (Teton County), Yellowstone National Park — Earthquake’s Offspring|
As you stand here, imagine traveling back in time to August 17, 1959. You would find yourself on a grassy knoll. Red Spouter did not exist!
Shortly before midnight, a major earthquake rocked Hebgen Lake, Montana, approximately 25 miles northwest of here. Jolts rippled through Yellowstone. In the aftermath, Red Spouter was born.
The ‘59 Quake...
• Measured magnitude 7.3 on the Richter scale.
• Was the most powerful to strike the area in recorded history. . . . — Map (db m45373) HM|
|Wyoming (Teton County), Yellowstone National Park — Excelsior Geyser|
|In the 1880s Excelsior Geyser erupted in bursts 50 to 300 feet high. The thermal violence formed the jagged crater and apparently ruptured the geyser’s underground system, causing eruptions to cease after 1890.
On September 14, 1985, Excelsior roared back to life with forty-seven hours of major eruptions. It is impossible to predict when this dormant but powerful geyser’s next eruption will occur. — Map (db m45329) HM|
|Wyoming (Teton County), Yellowstone National Park — Fountain Paint Pot|
This vat of bubbling mud contains the perfect mix of ingredients to create mudpots: heat, gases, rock, minerals, acid, and even living microorganisms!
Heat-loving “thermophiles” consume some of the gases and help convert them into sulfuric acid. The acid breaks down rock to form clay—clay that mixes with water in mudpots.
Understanding the Extremes
Earth’s extreme habitats are studied by scientists who seek to understand life’s . . . — Map (db m45358) HM|
|Wyoming (Teton County), Yellowstone National Park — Fountain Paint Pot|
This vat of bubbling mud contains the perfect mix of ingredients to create mudpots: heat, gases, rock, minerals, acid, and even living microorganisms!
Heat-loving “thermophiles” consume some of the gases and help convert them into sulfuric acid. The acid breaks down rock to form clay—clay that mixes with water in mudpots.
Understanding the Extremes
Earth’s extreme habitats are studied by scientists who seek to understand life’s . . . — Map (db m45362) HM|
|Wyoming (Teton County), Yellowstone National Park — Grand Prismatic Spring: Prism of Light, Spectrum of Life|
|Grand Prismatic Spring is the largest and one of the most brilliant of Yellowstone’s many colorful hot springs. It massive expanse stretches approximately 200 feet (61m) across. The high temperature of its water—°160 (70°C)—ensures that the spring is often cloaked in steam.
Deep beneath us, magma from an active volcano heats water that rises to the surface through fissures in the rocks. The result is a hot spring that pours almost 500 gallons of hot water each minute into the . . . — Map (db m45339) HM|
|Wyoming (Teton County), Yellowstone National Park — Life on the Edge|
|The billions of colorful microorganisms lining this hot spring’s runoff channels are called “extremophiles” because they live in conditions that were once thought to be too extreme to host life. Extremophiles that live in hot springs are called “thermophiles”—heat-lovers.
Within the rainbow of orange, brown, and red colors, some microorganisms live in communities of thick mats. Like miniature forests, these mats have a vertical . . . — Map (db m45345) HM|
|Wyoming (Teton County), Yellowstone National Park — Nez Perce War|
Journey through Yellowstone
On August 23, 1887, more than 600 men, women, and children camped in the woods near here. Sustained by courage, social structure, and knowledge of the land, they were midway from their homeland in Eastern Oregon to the hope of freedom in Canada. They carried with them the burden of grief from the loss of their homeland and the sharp pain of losing loved ones.
With them were two thousand horses. Behind them were hundreds of soldiers. Within them . . . — Map (db m45256) HM|
|Wyoming (Uinta County), Evanston — Almy|
|Nineteenth Century railroads were dependent upon coal for fuel. The vast coal reserves of southern Wyoming helped determine the route of the transcontinental Union Pacific Railroad and were the basis for Wyoming's first energy boom. Communities sprang up along the line and several with coal deposits or rail facilities survived. Coal mines were opened in the surrounding Bear River Valley in 1868. Dreams of prosperity lured miners from England, Scandinavia, China, and from throughout the . . . — Map (db m36537) HM|
|Wyoming (Uinta County), Evanston — 183 — Evanston Downtown Historic District|
| The National Register
of Historic Places
Wyoming Place No. 183 — Map (db m36492) HM|
|Wyoming (Uinta County), Evanston — 78 — First Brick Church|
|In February 1873 a branch of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-Day Saints was organized in Evanston by President William Budge, of Bear Lake Valley, Idaho. On May 23, 1873 William G. Burton was ordained bishop. On June 24, 1890 this ward was incorporated under the laws of the state of Wyoming and named Evanston. The board of trustees were James Brown, Thomas Parkinson, John Whittle, Frank Mills and Arthur W. Sims. In 1890 this group, with James Brown as Bishop built the first brick church in Wyoming. — Map (db m36400) HM|
|Wyoming (Uinta County), Evanston — The Wyoming State Hospital|
|In 1886, the Territorial Legislature established the Wyoming State Hospital, originally named the Wyoming State Asylum for the Insane, to provide care for mentally ill citizens. The site chosen for the hospital was at the southern edge of Evanston on a hill overlooking the town.
The first building, completed in 1887, contained male and female wards, offices and staff living quarters. It burned in 1917. The remaining buildings at the north end of the grounds – all of red brick and of . . . — Map (db m36549) HM|
|Wyoming (Uinta County), Evanston — 105 — Uinta County Courthouse|
|The National Register
of Historic Places -
Wyoming Place No. 105
Courthouse — Map (db m37232) HM|
|Wyoming (Uinta County), Evanston — 183 — Uinta County Library (Carnegie Library) 1906|
The National Register of Historic Places
Wyoming Place No. 183
Downtown Evanston Historic District — Map (db m36477) HM|
|Wyoming (Uinta County), Fort Bridger — Fort Bridger|
As a Trading Post in 1843
U. S. Military Post
On the Overland Trail
June 10, 1858 to October 6, 1890
This monument erected by
a few interested residents of the
Community in the year
1914 — Map (db m36619) HM|
|Wyoming (Uinta County), Fort Bridger — HW 3 — Hastings Cutoff - Muddy Creek|
|"At three o'clock p.m. we crossed Muddy Creek, a beautiful clear stream of water with a pebbly bottom, and camped on the west side after traveling 3 miles during the day ... we had a pretty campground... The brethren sang hymns for the President; it was a delightful evening."
Thomas Bullock, July 9, 1847 — Map (db m36566) HM|
|Wyoming (Uinta County), Fort Bridger — Jim Bridger|
Famous mountain man, trader and scout Donated by the Fort Bridger Historical Association Dedicated 8-8-08
Artist David A. Clark — Map (db m13650) HM|
|Wyoming (Uinta County), Fort Bridger — 511 — Muddy Creek Camp and Crossing|
|The Muddy Creek Camp, which was northwest of this marker and on the west side of the Muddy Creek was used by Brigham Young's first group of Mormon pioneers who arrived here on July 9, 1847. Thomas Bullock reported that the brethren sang hymns for President Brigham Young, and they had a delightful evening. This camp had good water and plenty of grass, and the animals were well-fed by the tall bunch-grass growing along the creek. Erastus Snow described the campground as "very pretty." . . . — Map (db m36573) HM|
|Wyoming (Uinta County), Fort Bridger — Old Fort Bridger — Pioneer Trading Post|
|The fort was established about 1842 by Jim Bridger discoverer of Great Salt Lake; notable pioneer, trapper, fur trader, scout and guide. Bridger was born at Richmond, Virginia, March 17, 1804 and died at Westport, Missouri, July 17, 1881. His unerring judgement regarding problems of trappers, traders, soldiers, emigrants and gold-seekers, bordered on the miraculous, and his advice was universally in demand in the early history of this state.
Bridger has been prominently recognized as . . . — Map (db m36596) HM|
|Wyoming (Uinta County), Lyman — The Mormon Pioneers|
The Members of
in Honor of
The Mormon Pioneers
Who passed this point
Wednesday July 7, 1847
and in subsequent years — Map (db m36620) HM|
|Wyoming (Weston County), Newcastle — Camp Jenney|
|Camp site of the first authorized military expedition into the Black Hills. On September 12, 1857 Lt. G. K. Warren of the U. S. Topographical Engineers and his party, camped here and erected a log corral. (17 years before the famous Custer Expedition.) On June 3, 1875, the expedition headed by Professor Walter P. Jenney under military escort commanded by Col. R. I. Dodge of Ft. Laramie, camped on the location of Lt. Warren's camp and corral. A stockade was erected and became known as Camp . . . — Map (db m4304) HM|
|Wyoming (Weston County), Newcastle — Cheyenne – Deadwood Trail — Beaver Creek Station – Hank Masons Grave|
|The Cheyenne-Deadwood Trail, a heritage precious to state and nation, was used by gold seekers and Black Hills emigrants from 1876 to 1887. Crossing U. S. Highway 16 at this point, it followed Stockade Beaver Creek passing Beaver Creek Stage Station and winding on to Deadwood via Canyon Springs Stage Station near present Camp Mallo.
From the Beaver Creek Station, 13 miles north of here, searchers hunted for the treasure coach robbed at Canyon Springs in 1878. This robbery was the only . . . — Map (db m4305) HM|
|Wyoming (Weston County), Newcastle — Site of Field City|
|The deserted site of Field City or Tubb Town offers silent testimony to the boom and bust fate of many western towns.
In the spring of 1889 Deloss Tubbs, a businessman from Custer, Dakota Territory, laid out Field City around his store on the east bank of Salt Creek. Tubbs, together with saloon keeper F. R. Curran, foresaw the economic advantages of locating a townsite along the anticipated route of the Burlington and Missouri River Railroad. Idled at Alliance, Nebraska for want of . . . — Map (db m34872) HM|