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“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
Jetersville in Amelia County, Virginia — The American South (Mid-Atlantic)
 

Amelia Springs

Two Days of Action

 

—Lee's Retreat —

 
Amelia Springs CWT Marker Photo, Click for full size
By Bernard Fisher, March 18, 2010
1. Amelia Springs CWT Marker
Inscription. Union cavalry under Gen. Henry E. Davies, Jr. left Gen. Philip H. Sheridan’s column near Jetersville on April 5, 1865, on a reconnaissance mission against the Army of Northern Virginia. Davies swept by here, rode through Paineville, and four Miles further on encountered Gen. G.W. Custis Lee’s wagon train, which he attacked and destroyed. Gen. Fitzhugh Lee’s cavalry in turn attacked part of Davies’ command at Paineville and pursued it past this place through Amelia Springs.

The next day, when the Confederates left Amelia Court House for Farmville, Federal infantry caught up with them here. Gen. John B. Gordon’s corps, serving as the rear guard, held off the Union attacks long enough for most of the army and the baggage train to escape west, where disaster awaited the Confederates at Sailor’s Creek.

(sidebar)
Black Confederates
When Davies attacked Custis Lee's wagon train near Paineville, he encountered gray-uniformed African-American troops who defended the train before surrendering. Described by a Southern officer as "the only company of colored troops in the Confederate service," the soldiers had been recruited in Richmond after February 1865 and promised their freedom. The Paineville clash is one of the few documented engagements in Virginia involving organized black Confederate troops.
Attack on the rear guard. Amelia Ct. Ho. Photo, Click for full size
By Alfred Rudolph Waud, Apr 1865
2. Attack on the rear guard. Amelia Ct. Ho.
Library of Congress [LC-DIG-ppmsca-21448]
They symbolized the desperate straits of the Confederacy, which had officially opposed arming blacks.
 
Location. 37° 20.023′ N, 78° 6.504′ W. Marker is in Jetersville, Virginia, in Amelia County. Marker is on Amelia Springs Road (Virginia Route 642) 0.2 miles south of St. James Road, on the right when traveling north. Click for map. Marker is in this post office area: Jetersville VA 23083, United States of America.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within 3 miles of this marker, measured as the crow flies. A different marker also named Amelia Springs (here, next to this marker); Lee's Retreat (approx. 2.7 miles away); a different marker also named Lee's Retreat (approx. 2.7 miles away); a different marker also named Lee's Retreat (approx. 2.7 miles away); a different marker also named Lee's Retreat (approx. 2.7 miles away); a different marker also named Lee's Retreat (approx. 2.7 miles away); Jetersville (approx. 2.8 miles away); Deatonville (approx. 2.9 miles away). Click for a list of all markers in Jetersville.
 
More about this marker. On the upper left is sketch with the caption, "Attack on Gordon's corps (C.S.A. rear guard), Amelia Springs - Library of Congress

On the upper right is a map detailing the "Route of Union cavalry raid on Confederate wagon train coming
Route of Union cavalry raid on Confederate wagon train coming from Richmond. Photo, Click for full size
By Bernard Fisher, March 18, 2010
3. Route of Union cavalry raid on Confederate wagon train coming from Richmond.
from Richmond."

On the lower right is a photo of "One of the buildings at nearby Amelia Springs."
 
Also see . . .  Lee's Retreat to Appomattox. Civil War Traveler - Southside Virginia & Lee's Retreat (Submitted on March 20, 2010, by Bernard Fisher of Mechanicsville, Virginia.) 
 
Categories. African AmericansWar, US Civil
 
Amelia Springs Markers Photo, Click for full size
By Bernard Fisher, March 18, 2010
4. Amelia Springs Markers
Amelia Springs Rd (facing north) Photo, Click for full size
By Bernard Fisher, March 18, 2010
5. Amelia Springs Rd (facing north)
 
 
Credits. This page originally submitted on , by Bernard Fisher of Mechanicsville, Virginia. This page has been viewed 1,664 times since then and 201 times this year. Photos:   1, 2, 3, 4, 5. submitted on , by Bernard Fisher of Mechanicsville, Virginia. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016.
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