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Near Scotland in St. Mary's County, Maryland — The American Northeast (Mid-Atlantic)
Point Lookout State Park
Hammond General Hospital
 
Hammond General Hospital Marker Photo, Click for full size
By Tom Fuchs, March 31, 2007
1. Hammond General Hospital Marker
 
Inscription. Hammond General Hospital, opened at Point Lookout, Maryland, in August 1862, was named for Surgeon General William A. Hammond. The massive structure, built to accommodate 1,400 amen, was set on piles about two to three feet above ground and covered nearly all the area between the Potomac River and the Chesapeake Bay. It was well over 500 feet in diameter and had 16 wings, each 175 by 25 feet, radiating out from an open central area like the spokes of a giant wheel. One wing contained the hospital offices, and the others were wards. A covered circular walkway connected all the wings at the center. Within the central hub stood four buildings measuring 77 Feet by 25 feet: the chapel, half-diet kitchen, library and reading room, and baggage room. An elevated 20,000-gallon water tank, l6 feet in diameter and 30 feet, high, occupied the center of the hub when completed in late spring 1863. Its purpose was to flood the hospital in the event of fire. The hospital officially closed its doors in August 1865, and all the structures were soon sold, demolished, or auctioned.

(sidebar) Before the Civil War, Point Lookout was a popular waterfront recreation community. Supporting a hotel, wharf, and outbuildings, about one hundred cottages dotted the low, flat, sandy tip of land. Recreation became less important, however,
 
Hamond General Hospital – Detail from Marker Photo, Click for full size
2. Hamond General Hospital – Detail from Marker
 
as the country prepared for war. North of here, about a mile, was located the nationís largest Confederate prisoner-of-war encampment. Camp Hoffman had more than 52,000 Confederate prisoners pass through its gate.
 
Marker series. This marker is included in the Maryland Civil War Trails marker series.
 
Location. 38° 2.382′ N, 76° 19.324′ W. Marker is near Scotland, Maryland, in St. Mary's County. Marker is on Point Lookout Road, on its terminus loop (Maryland Route 5), on the right when traveling north. Click for map. It is in sight of the Point Lookout lighthouse. Marker is in this post office area: Scotland MD 20687, United States of America.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. John Wilkes Booth (here, next to this marker); Point Lookout-Hammond Hospital (here, next to this marker); A Crucial Point (within shouting distance of this marker); Let There Be Light (within shouting distance of this marker); A Bustling Civil War Community (about 600 feet away, measured in a direct line); Shipwreck! (about 600 feet away); Defense Strategies (about 600 feet away); Fort Lincoln (about 600 feet away). Click for a list of all markers in Scotland.
 
More about this marker. Marker is in the Point Lookout State Park. A fee per person is charged to enter.
 
The Two Civil War Trail Markers Photo, Click for full size
By J. J. Prats, March 31, 2007
3. The Two Civil War Trail Markers
 
 
The Potomac River Joins the Chesapeake Bay Photo, Click for full size
By Tom Fuchs, March 31, 2007
4. The Potomac River Joins the Chesapeake Bay
 
Credits. This page originally submitted on May 5, 2007, by Tom Fuchs of Greenbelt, Maryland. This page has been viewed 2,116 times since then. Photos:   1, 2. submitted on May 5, 2007, by Tom Fuchs of Greenbelt, Maryland.   3. submitted on May 5, 2007.   4. submitted on May 5, 2007, by Tom Fuchs of Greenbelt, Maryland. • J. J. Prats was the editor who published this page.
 
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