Signal Hill in Los Angeles County, California — The American West (Pacific Coastal)
what perspective to see
Each point of view
to this place
when life gets too fast
to reflect on time
make a sunset last
what has come to pass
Oil gusher of black gold
Layers of the past
The surface hints
of what you can't
touch to know
Earth upon water
Although Spain claimed all of the Americas including Signal Hill by "Right of Discovery" in 1492, the actual Spanish settlement of Alta California began in 1769 with the building of a Mission in San Diego. As a result, Signal Hill's first "owner of record" was Manuel Nieto who received a Spanish land grant from King Carlos III of Spain in 1784. Over the years the land was used for the breeding of horses, the raising of cattle and sheep, and with irrigation, all kinds of farming prospered, including the cultivation of large fields of flowers. The hill was viewed as the perfect place for a water source and in the early 1900's with profits from their dairy business,
View of the Pacific coastline looking to the Southeast - towards Huntington Beach.
“Shadows” of local Native Americans from the 1900ís.
Waves of Remembrance
the signal emanates from a single source projecting countless images, each becoming an individual symbol for a message known only to its receiver from smoke, to oil to water mist, a hidden well of memories, visions and shared experiences over time illuminating a finite world with infinite connections
The image above is an artist's conception of how this site might have looked during the thousands of years when the sole caretakers of this land were Native Americans. The long smoke signal alludes to the very long history of the use of this site which inspired the naming of the City of Signal Hill. Even though no one knows how long signal fires were made here, early Spanish immigrants called this place "Loma Sental" (Signal Hill) and documented the use of this site in the 1500's by the Puvuvitam Indians to signal their relations living some twenty six miles away on "Pimu"
Photo of the Tiíat (Moíomat Ahiko) by Magellanís & Edwards. The Tiíat (indigenous plank canoe) pictured above was built in the 1900ís and is seen as a symbol of the cultural regeneration of the local Native American communities known as the Gabrielino/Tongva.
From ancient times people had long known that there was oil in the area since the crude that naturally welled up was used for a variety of purposes. It wasn't until 1922 that the hill's vast oil resources were tapped with a gusher forming a new signal that took four days to cap, to the cheers of the crowd that had gathered to watch. Two years later the city of Signal Hill was established. The pace of change quickened and the ranches and mansions quickly disappeared from the area and were replaced by a forest of oil derricks, becoming one of the richest oil fields in the world. During its oil-producing
Marine Stadium - 2.5 miles
Orange County Coastline - 6 miles
Seal Beach Pier - 7 miles
Chaffee Oil Island - 7.5 miles
White Oil Island - 7 miles
Freeman Oil Island - 6 miles
Avalon, Santa Catalina Island - 34 miles
Grissom Oil Island - 4.5 miles
Queen Mary - 5 miles
Los Angeles / Long Beach Harbor - 4.5 miles
Downtown Long Beach - 4 miles
Queen Mary - 5 miles
Los Angeles Harbor - 4 miles
Downtown Long Beach - 4 miles
Twin Harbors, Santa Catalina Island - 34 miles
Vincent Thomas Bridge - 7 miles
Palos Verdes Peninsula - 13 miles
Torrance oil refinery - 10.5 miles
Santa Monica Mountains - 25 miles
LAX International Airport - 19 miles
Getty Museum - 24 miles
Hollywood Sign - 20 miles
Downtown Los Angeles - 15 miles
Mt. Wilson, San Gabriel Mountains - 30 miles
Long Beach Airport - 1 mile
Location. Click for map. Marker is at or near this postal address: 2301-2343 Dawson Avenue, Signal Hill CA 90755, United States of America.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. “Tribute to the Roughnecks” (within shouting distance of this marker); Broadcasting and Music on the Hill (about 500 feet away, measured in a direct line); Oil Fires on the Hill (about 500 feet away); Japanese Farming on the Hill (approx. ľ mile away); Early Aviation on the Hill (approx. ľ mile away); Car Climbs on the Hill (approx. 0.3 miles away); "Unity Monument" (approx. 0.4 miles away); Discovery of Oil on the Hill (approx. 0.4 miles away). Click for a list of all markers in Signal Hill.
Categories. • Agriculture • Industry & Commerce • Native Americans • Settlements & Settlers •
Credits. This page originally submitted on , by Michael Kindig of Long Beach, California. This page has been viewed 472 times since then and 471 times this year. Last updated on , by Michael Kindig of Long Beach, California. Photos: 1, 2. submitted on , by Michael Kindig of Long Beach, California. 3, 4, 5. submitted on , by Michael Kindig of Long Beach, California. 6, 7. submitted on , by Michael Kindig of Long Beach, California. 8, 9, 10. submitted on , by Michael Kindig of Long Beach, California. 11. submitted on , by Michael Kindig of Long Beach, California. 12, 13, 14. submitted on , by Michael Kindig of Long Beach, California. 15. submitted on , by Michael Kindig of Long Beach, California. • Bill Pfingsten was the editor who published this page. This page was last revised on January 12, 2017.